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tv   The Listening Post 2018 Ep 46  Al Jazeera  December 16, 2018 5:32pm-6:03pm +03

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latest agreement doesn't go far enough. more than five thousand foreign protesters are marching in belgium's capital against the un packed on migration the agreement was ratified by one hundred sixty four countries in morocco last week planes to improve the way the world is coping with the increased movement of people but it's been divisive critics say the deal could government's abilities to shape their own immigration policies. britain's government insists there's no plans for a second referendum on breaks it despite reports that ministers are looking into the option on saturday britain's prime minister returned home empty handed from brussels after two days of talks with e.u. leaders she hopes to sweeten her brakes a deal to get it approved by the u.k. parliament where it currently faces certain defeat those were the headlines the newsgroup with doesn't seek is here and. there is the listening post take. getting to the heart of the matter how can you be
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a refugee after you while it borders between five safe countries facing realities. from the very beginning of. providing content housing is not just. hear their story and talk to how does. the public. access. political. alarm richard gere's burden you're listening post here are some of the media stories that we're covering this week facebook's two thousand eight hundred its year in review is not a pretty picture there's a lot not to like four hundred eighty news outlets in hungary are consolidated all under one roof and the regulators just look the other way activists armed with
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cameras are documenting the the way. american authorities go after undocumented immigrants and. a rhapsody reworked for the social media generation. it's a new year's resolutions are tricky promises of performance can prove difficult to keep but that did not stop facebook c.e.o. mark zuckerberg valuing at the outset of two thousand and eighteen that this would be the year that he would fix things that his company would start protecting its users from abuse and hate defend them against interference by nation states and bad political actors and make sure as he put it that going on facebook would be time well spent since then multiple controversies and unfavorable news stories including the cambridge analytic a data breach and the un's report on facebook's role in ethnic cleansing in me in mar have exposed some of the pragmatic business calculations the company has made
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they've also provided a glimpse into how facebook goes after its critics and they put the lie to the feel good image that the company has worked so hard to sell it will be interesting to see what kind of new year's message zuckerberg comes up with a couple of weeks from now our starting point this week is facebook's california headquarters in silicon valley usa. today. facebook released its two thousand and eighteen year in review marking various global of election in celebrity weddings and sporting occasions they drove engagement on the site what it did not know was itself become end of year facebook at which might have been time better spent i would have started with the cambridge analytical dorie in which this company run dive launch upon feelings sensitive data from untold numbers of facebook users around the world to coerce people and move elections that's only the start i would have had clips. of refugees and me and mom
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driven out by the worst sort of propaganda spread by the government of myanmar and many religious leaders explicitly using facebook to foster genocide then i would have gone through all of this stammering. that mark zuckerberg committed. no testifying before various committees to the level of scrutiny is facebook too powerful the level of criticism of the purpose that user agreement is to cover facebook's riri and then i'm going to finish with the embarrassing revelations that facebook itself has paid political operatives to engage in the spread of the very same kind of propaganda that people have been accusing facebook of fostering it's been a stunning year for facebook. and all of that came after the new year's message zuckerberg posted in january in which he admitted facebook had
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a lot of work to do the company was dealing with the hate speech and misinformation rampaging across the social media network and there was the aftermath of the two thousand and sixteen u.s. election when facebook was accused of enabling russian operatives out to meddle in american democracy the public noises sucker berg and his number two sheryl sandberg were making were along the lines of we're try doing our best and we have a lot more an interview here statements that after the cambridge analytic a data breach story came out in march no longer passed the smell test the cambridge analytical scandal is not quite what people think it is that's scandalous about hal a company used facebook exactly as intended cambridge analytic are not the only people that are downloading facebook data using it to micro target people in order to go back and send more advertisements to get people's attention on facebook because this is their very core business model this is what advertising. is draw
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the attention of came a journalist and russian descent from ation has gotten in the u.s. in the u.k. the reason for me the real impact of facebook is having twenty developing areas of the world. is the one that has got the most attention and we've seen there how facebook has been weaponized and the government has and the army have spread hate speech against rohingya muslims which is incited violence now facebook repeatedly told us that they're doing more and more people but they still don't have a full time employee and man in our. facebook suffered another reputational blow last month the latest of many at the hands of the new york times based on leaked internal communications the times reported that facebook had hired a washington based p.r. firm called definers to investigate and smear some of facebook's critics like that did not exactly square with zucker berg's sugary words electing people building
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community and bringing the world closer together one of those critics was george soros who in addition to being a powerful individual is also a lightning rod for right wing movement he's obviously a billionaire investor but he's also to the right wing sort of a symbol of jewish power and so the idea that facebook was looking into george soros really played into one of those powerful emotional narratives and made the company really look bad the report spoke to. a certain level of chaos within the company. and said it didn't realize that the company had hired to finers ultimately elliott schrage who's departing head of communications he put his hands up and he said it was his fault but it just added to the sense that facebook is a company that you couldn't really trust and that they were doing things that facebook shouldn't really be doing. trust when dealing with the news media. must be
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earned and facebook's corporate culture when dealing with journalists asking troublesome questions seems to be rooted in avoidance batting away stories refusing to answer on the record then finding itself on the defensive when the story comes out anyway in the case of the cambridge analytical data breach facebook tried to ignore the questions then after the observer published the story mark zuckerberg went on c.n.n. to do the talking what happened what went wrong zuckerberg is a self described geek well it's hard to know what we'll find but we're going to review thousands of it as a television performer and he's not exactly killing i think facebook was caught flatfooted used to getting a relatively favorable perception from the press and after cambridge analytical the public and the media changed there too and that lack of being able to see itself
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the way the world did certainly hampered facebook throughout two thousand and eighteen as it tended to under react under intense and paid the level of scrutiny that it would get. the bottom line on facebook will always be the numbers and there mixed it has two point two billion users worldwide and is still growing in asia and africa however growth is stagnant in europe and the americas where most of the revenues come from and that has shaved about one point two billion dollars off facebook's share value a drop of about thirty percent the real threat to facebook though the one mark zuckerberg must be thinking about comes from governments and their regulators they have been a slow to react to the facebook problem as the company has but more and more of them are talking about and inching towards reigning in the social media giant potentially effective regulatory action of suit against facebook that's come out of the european union with the introduction in two thousand and eighteen of the
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general to. protection regulation the very fact that now companies that take our data have to allow european citizens to explicitly offer their permission for the use of the data i think is crucial those are important rights that i wish the rest of the world had across the water in the u.s. regulators had a much more hands off approach compared to their e.u. counterparts but that could all change because with the switch in the house in washington come january we may see democrats want to pursue a more aggressive approach against these companies especially over the rush of this information campaign which is still a huge issue and i think that ultimately we're going to see regulators clamp down on facebook much much heavier than twenty nineteen what we're seeing is governments are trying to flex their muscles and worst point to see ever more examples of governments cracking down on this plan magine within the next year we'll probably
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see the first example of a government just outright shutting down facebook in that country and seeing what happens i don't know which country it will be or how long it'll be for but i imagine some government is going to want to test their resolve relative to facebook and that will be that will be interesting. looking at other media stories on our radar this week with one of our producers will yong well we've reported on hungary before and how much media consolidation has occurred there under prime minister viktor orban but four hundred and eighty separate news outlets now merged into one single entity yes it's called the central european press and media foundation and it's headed by the media mogul couple or list guy who's a close ally of prime minister orbán that's hundreds of t.v. and radio stations magazines newspapers including all of hungary's regional
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newspapers all handed over by the. rona's as charitable donations free of charge the political pitch for this is that newspapers are struggling economically so consolidation will help them to survive but many of the previously independent outlets the been handed over were struggling because the government was starving them of advertising revenues which enabled the prime minister's allies to buy them on the cheap and here's the kicker although the government has blocked media mergers before on competition grounds or brown has decreed that this conglomerate not be investigated by the competition authorities because the merger is of national strategic importance among the questions that this raises then is what's the effect going to be on news content in hungary and what political opposition exists there to this move if any well observers say this is about politics first and cost cutting second and that hunger ariens will be seeing more shared content and less diversity in their journalism the opposition socialist party says it will
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soon hungary's media council which is also controlled by or banned and they are also looking for outside help from brussels but the e.u. has a pretty poor track record on intervening when it comes to member states and what governments do on the media side or burn knows that and is probably counting on it and time magazine has announced its person of the year for two thousand and eighteen collectively honoring journalists under fire who's on that list and why the subsequent debate online well there are four front covers for this week's time for different individuals or groups the capital because that newspaper in the u.s. state of maryland where five star for killed by a gunman back in june the wives of reuters journalists in myanmar one lone enjoy the two men have been in jail for a year now maria ressa from rappler who faces dubious tax fraud charges in the philippines after years of hard hitting reporting of the presidency of roderigo to
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turtle bay and the late saudi journal. jamal khashoggi who time describes as a lifelong defender of the truth the reality is that has spent most of his career propagandizing for the ruling family in riyadh before he took sides against mohammed bin solomon when the crown prince rose to power time calls the four cases representative of a broader fight around the world in which at least fifty two journalists have been killed this year and when it did mention reporters that been killed in india and the case of russian journalist. who misled the world by faking his death it was up to twitter to point out that two palestinian journalists ya some were taja and ahmed abu hussein who was shot and killed by israeli snipers while covering the protests in gaza they were absent from times list ok thanks well before president trump took office most media junkies in the u.s. would not have known that ice stands for the immigration and customs enforcement
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agency but the troubled ministrations hard line immigration policies of changed all that data published this past week shows that in the past year i saw rests in the workplace have gone up by more than six hundred percent and with the president's ceaseless talking and tweeting about threats like a government shutdown if democrats refuse to fund his border wall or that migrant caravan from honduras stories about ice and its sister agencies c.d.p. customs and border protection are right up there on the mainstream media's agenda but some news organizations are doing more than just covering the story over the past year n.g.o.s and legal advocacy groups have collaborated with media outlets to at the grassroots level track cases of enforcement abuse and they train communities to use their own media tools to document wrongdoing the listening posts flow phillips now from texas on some of the media practices and stories that have come out of those collaboration.
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they're known as ice raids seemingly indiscriminate often undercover operations to root out the legal immigrants and they happen across the u.s. day in day out. like the case of. a mother taken in front of her screaming children on a southern california street in march twenty eighth. or juan hernandez a mechanic in los angeles arrested at work in september twenty seventh even though agents had no probable cause or warrant. this a father of four apprehended in february twenty seventh teen while dropping his daughter at school. just three examples of thousands we know about these three because they were cool on camera eyewitness footage has been so crucial and exposing isis
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manipulative tactics ramiele of alec and solace was arrested by two ice agents who were an unmarked vehicle is wearing jackets and only said police there's a reason why they don't identify themselves they're trying to use manipulative tactics to get information from immigrants or people who they've racially profiled in order to arrest and deport him this happened in february of two thousand and seventeen and it was really the first high profile case that really showed what the human price of ice is new and force meant what looked like. u.s. immigration and customs enforcement is not a new body it's current incarnation the largest investigative om of the department of homeland security was part of a restructuring effort in the wake of nine eleven and it's not as though the obama administration didn't deport on documented workers as many as twenty thousand a month by twenty sixteen but donald trump has gone further during his first week
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in office the president signed an executive. order the rewrote the rules on who i should prioritize in its operations making virtually every undocumented immigrant in the country all ten point seven million fag aim for arrest and deportation whether they had a criminal record or not the former director of vice mr home and publicly stated that the days of lack of interest in progression laws are over they should all be scared here if you're in this country legally new committed a crime by entering this country you should be up front to vote you should look over your shoulder you need to be worried then i did something which last two administrations had not done they actually this and every single prosecuting discretion memo dating back till nine hundred seventy three and apprehending and deporting anyone who comes to your attention became the new ones what that's translated to on the street is folks who maybe year ago two years ago didn't have
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to anticipate the possibility of being arrested and deported now do you ever seen a substantial increase in interest a lot of stories about the way immigration enforcement of false arrests cross country family separated deportations. stories about how i see racially profiled people on the street picks up immigrants a routine court check ins uses contentious surveillance tactics and makes mass arrests some of the journalism does more extensive collaboration's between news organizations and advocacy groups groups that have done research and can show people a thing on t.v. we covered a project that was put together by the immigrant defense project the center for constitutional rights here in new york city tracked immigration raids and it showed a marked increase in operations targeting people with no criminal record so what we've seen under the truck administration is huge increase in arrests all of these
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different colors correspond to different types of. enforcement activity that was served. like a physical arrest or surveillance or use of force we have one hundred twenty cases observed here here i think that generally this kind of ice focused reporting can serve one of two functions either it's basically service journalism or it can be that kind of for additional accountability journalism and i think that that latter function is what more of the ice watch kind of projects serve the marshall project new york magazine collaboration was really interesting because it kind of was a mix of the two it was grounded in their reports of individual immigration enforcement actions and deportations and in new york in particular that's fascinating because seeing the mapping of here is what has actually happened is useful to immigrant new yorkers who can actually turn be ambient buzz and rumors
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about what might be happening into a sense of what has actually happened and can navigate their own lives accordingly . abolish ice is the collective name given to a growing movement protesting ice's new mandate and that of its pawn agency customs and border protection or c.b.p. . the movement was energized by the release of an orgy ever quarter back in june with the sounds of children crying out that pattern. for and continues today with the president's constant references to the quiet threat of the migrant caravan to criminals the spot where the trespassers marching forward up order turn back now because you're not getting in advance the discussion about attraction and remains true that she started filming from an advocacy groups not just the media have suggestions on how to tell the story.
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i'm headed to a series of what shall organized by what name a county texas it's a city why only u.s. mexican border given the spiting immigration enforcement and this particular value the group says it's essential to the people here with tools and techniques needed to film events as they happen. this program is a crash course and how video can help immigrant communities expose injustices advocate for asylum seekers and defend against deportation it teaches people not just how to don't kill and ice and border patrol abuses but how to do it safely and ethically our trainings focus on digital security issues so how to secure the content on your phone how to secure your communications your computer your social media we also focus on filming tactics what should you film what should choose film bangle that it's often might one of those be in the. in the so now we're also
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seeing mays it going up with them oh nothing must be on the map at all see there had been the lousy a but up with it that read that. and then a really crucial component of our work is helping people think their strategies around what to do after you film how you save it how you can impact whether or not it can be used as evidence in a court case or a legal proceeding if i record something i would just posted online but like now i know that there's specific procedures that i should take before posting that. workshops like this one having a real impact on local communities but the power of sits in video is going well beyond having video footage having kind of a first person document is often the difference between something being a local story if not a national story we've seen in several cases things that were initially posted his facebook with users becoming things that you know national outlets have said in
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their newsroom gee this is getting a lot of play on station. should write it up a video showing an illegal immigrant and i write this crap promised dream to try to reassure us which i got a lot of attacks on the new technology has become extremely important in your legal professionals for ice. and unauthorized immigrant is a law breaker. far the advocate of that unauthorized person he or she is not just a law breaker which is true but here she is also a parent he or she is also a contributing member of the community he or she is also someone who has roots this way they want to portray that aspect of the person and these tools have become very important in making that happen. remember one hundred one days the mechanic in a arrested it was the entire incident was captured on the shop surveillance cameras
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footage that was used by his defense in court. and that video taken by romney. on his cell phone for to do one viral helping him out of immigrant detention six months later breaking the ice one video at a time. and finally back to social media and a bohemian blast from the past reversion to the birth of the music video is often traced back to queen and the song bohemian rhapsody produced in one thousand nine hundred seventy five six years before the launch of m.t.v. both the song and the video became iconic dustin accurately an american of samoan descent has reworked the video turning it into a cutting commentary on online trolling culture the stuff that we say we don't want to engage in but they started it since the original version of the song drew strongly from the individual ism of bohemian artists it's a fitting soundtrack to the self obsessed digital age that we live in today with
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the next time you're at the listening post. it's a. l. . l. . l. . l. . ily . all.
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is. just. on counting the cost we'll assess the state of the u.k. economy if he continues to broker its way out of the. world look at
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a major milestone for the internet and on the walls for economy in kenya counting the cost on. this is zero and live from studio fourteen here at al-jazeera headquarters in doha . welcome to the news grid is europe closing its eyes to the murder of. turkish foreign minister certainly thinks so and the u.n. chief antonio has also repeated his call for saudi arabia to properly investigate the death of the saudi journalist. the european union is warning turkey against taking any military action in the syrian enclave of man beach turkey's president
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has threatened to send troops there if the u.s. doesn't move kurdish fighters out we'll tell you why it matters one hundred ninety six countries have agreed on a way to enforce the historic climate deal reached in paris three years ago but other delegates in parliament say it doesn't go far enough down the good the bad and the unfinished business from cop twenty four. and has just become the first european country to officially recognize a third gender i'll have more on why it's a victory for some but not for others in complexity throughout is so unfair to say off i mean my handle is firefighter. a lawyer with the news grid live on air and streaming online through you tube facebook live on al-jazeera dot com it's been two and a half months now since the murder of saudi journalist ashaji and we're still no
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closer to finding out the whereabouts of his remains it is clear turkey is growing impatient about what it sees as saudi arabia stalling over our answers president richard type one wants them to extradite the murder suspects to istanbul where the killing took place now the turkish foreign minister is lashing out at european countries accusing them of not doing more to help level cover so to address the darfur and same turkey will not give up on finding the truth in a hot air has the latest from istanbul three months since she was killed inside the saudi consulate in istanbul turkey continues to accuse saudi arabia of trying to cover up the crime because of its lack of transparency in the investigation turkey is also frustrated with what it sees as an action on the part of the west many european countries who are promoting the freedom of media through the freedom of the expression are closing their eyes and this.

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