This photo of the Soviet Council of Chief Designers dates from 1959 during control of a Luna mission to the Moon. From the left are Aleksey Bogomolov, Mikhail Ryazanskiy, Nikolay Pilyugin, Sergey Korolev, Valentin Glushko, Vladimir Barmin, and Vikto Kuznetsov. Most reproductions of the picture have Bogomolov on the left cropped off because he was not one of the original members of the council from the 1940s. When Korolev formed the council in November 1947, it operated as an informal and separate entity from the other institutes and design bureaus and eventually assumed engineering control over much of the early development of the Soviet space program. Publication information: Image from the files of Asif Siddiqi. Image and caption from Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945- 1974 (NASA SP-2000-4408) by Asif A. Siddiqi. Please note that the image number assigned to this image is not an official NASA number. It is for GRIN database purposes only.