Sputnik 2 is shown with its unique payload shroud at the launch pad at Tyura-Tam on November 3, 1957. Warm air was piped into the capsule to keep the dog Layka, the first living being to reach orbit, comfortable amid the freezing temperatures. Rising temperatures due to thermal control problems killed Layka on the fourth day of the mission. Publication information: Image from the files of Peter Gorin. Image and caption from Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945-1974 (NASA SP-2000-4408) by Asif A. Siddiqi. Please note that the image number assigned to this image is not an official NASA number. It is for GRIN database purposes only.