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NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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What would happen in 4 billion years when our sun begins heading toward supernova? Scientists theorize that our sun would grow in size and for a time become a red giant. These animations show the resulting effects on the planets of our solar system. Note: This animation shows the changing habitable zone as the sun expands to become a Red Giant. Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: Sun, Supernovae, Planets, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10297
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab, Scientific Visualization Studio
movies

eye 309

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Abnormal sea surface temperatures (SST) in the Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean played a strong role in the 1930s dust bowl drought. Scientists used SST data acquired from old ship records to create starting conditions for the computer models. They let the model run on its own, driven only by the observed monthly global sea surface temperatures. The model was able to reconstruct the Dust Bowl drought quite closely, providing strong evidence that the Great Plains dry spell originated with abnormal...
Topics: Byrne, Drought, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Sea Surface Temperature, What -- SST, What -- Earth, Where...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10032
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 182

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Electrons travel along the Earth's magnetic field lines, occasionally making it to the Earth's atmosphere. This animation is part of a larger animation. Note: Electrons travel along the magnetic field lines to the Earth's atmosphere. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Nicola Fox (Johns Hopkins University/APL), Art Poland (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Magnetosphere, Where -- Poland
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10078
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
image

eye 62

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Still from the animation series - 300dpi .tiff file - Suitable for framing. Note: Lisa - 3 satellites in orbit Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topic: LISA
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10314
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 409

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Like fans doing the wave at a stadium, large cell-like features called supergranules are moving in a vertical motion, giving the illusion of the solar surface rotating faster than the Sun. Note: The sun surface in motion. Large cell-like features on the Sun called supergranules are seen as white stripes. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: SOHO.
Topics: Sun, Earth Science, Sun-earth Interactions, Solar Activity, Solar Imagery, Solar Granulation, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10079
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 47

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Note: Chipsat passes along the equator Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topic: CHIPSat
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10302
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 158

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GLAST will be launched into a circular orbit around the Earth at an altitude of about 560 km (350 miles). At that altitude, the observatory will circle Earth every 90 minutes. In sky-survey mode, GLAST will be able to view the entire sky in just two orbits, or about 3 hours. Because gamma rays in the GLAST's energy band are unable to penetrate the Earth's atmostphere, it is essential that GLAST perform its observations from space. Note: This beauty shot begins with the earth in full view and...
Topics: Gamma Ray, HDTV, Satellite, Spacecraft, Space science, Gamma Ray Burst, Astrophysics, Universe,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10163
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Note: This animation follows LRO as it moves along its orbit high above the lunar surface. Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Andrew Freeberg (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: LRO.
Topics: HDTV, Lunar, Moon, Satellite, Spacecraft, LRO, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, What -- Lunar...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10281
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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This animation shows how Comet Encke interacts with the Solar Magnetic field and how it's tail is stripped away by a CME. Note: Comet Encke and Solar magnetic Fields Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Angelos Vourlidas (NRL).
Topics: CME, Comet, HDTV, Magnetic Fields, Sun, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10175
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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To some extent, geodesy is the study of the shape of the Earth. But it is also the study of how to find precise locations on the planet. As it relates to the study of sea level, geodesy becomes vital. The Earth is not a perfect shape and is constantly changing. Only through a very carefully constructed system of analysis can scientists achieve the necessary accuracy about the planet's shape (the so-called 'geoid') to make measurements of sea level from space. In this animation we look at how a...
Topics: Earth Science, Solid Earth, Geodetics/Gravity, Earth Science, Oceans, Sea Surface Topography, Sea...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10088
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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The Water Cycle - Water falling from summer storm clouds onto a field of wheat today will someday fall again somewhere else. This is the essence of the water cycle. The first step in the cycle is evaporation. Heated by sunlight, liquid water turns to vapor and enters the atmosphere. Another source of atmospheric water vapor is the respiratory process of plants. Vapor leaves plants through tiny pores called stomata. This process is called transpiration. As moist air ascends into the atmosphere...
Topics: Byrne, Condensation, Earth Science, Evaporation, Gonnelli, Precipitation, Rain, Transpiration,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10016
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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The following animation helps to explain the dynamics of subglacial water exchange and what it looks like from space. Starting from an artist's concept of the Antarctic surface we move down to a cross section of the ice sheet with lakes hidden deep beneath. As pressure is exerted on one lake, the water in it is forced to an adjacent lake. This water movement results in elevation changes at the surface over both lakes, detectable by NASA satellites. The camera then moves to a 'top-down' view of...
Topics: Cryology, HDTV, Earth Science, Cryosphere, Glaciers/Ice Sheets, Glacier Elevation/Ice Sheet...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10108
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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This animation shows El Nino's and La Nina's mulitiple personalites. The sequence begins with normal jet streams, normal sea surface temperatures, and normal wind patterns. The first change illustrates what occurs when a very strong El Nino strikes surface waters in the Central equatorial Pacific Ocean. Warm water anomalies (red) develop in the Central Pacific Ocean while normal westerly winds weaken and allow easterly winds to push the warm water up against the South American Coast. The second...
Topics: Earth Science, El Nino, Gonnelli, What -- Earth, Where -- Pacific Ocean
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10046
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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This animation shows a stereoscopic 3D fly-by of STEREO A spacecraft. Note: 720p Anaglyph mpeg2 Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: STEREO.
Topics: HDTV, Stereo Display, What -- STEREO A, What -- STEREO
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10112
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Accumulating Data: Glas Builds Its Facts One Point at a Time - The technology behind GLAS is called lidar. Lidar is a distance measuring system similar to radar, except that instead of radio waves it uses pulses of laser light for range finding. The name is a contraction based on the words light and radar: Light Detection And Ranging. A lidar system determines precise distances by measuring the amount of time necessary for a pulse of light to leave an emitter, hit a target, and return. In this...
Topics: Byrne, Earth Science, GLAS, Gonnelli, ICEsat, Ice, Lidar, Measuring Ice, Technology, What --...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10025
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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The Large Area Telescope (LAT) detects gamma rays by using Einstein's famous equation (E=mc(squared)) in a technique known as pair production. When a gamma ray, which is pure energy, slams into a layer of tungsten in one of the Tracker's towers, it can create a pair of subatomic particles (an electron and its antimatter counterpart, a positron). The direction of the incoming gamma ray is determined by projecting the direction of these particles back to their source using several layers of...
Topics: Gamma Ray, HDTV, Satellite, Spacecraft, Space science, Gamma Ray Burst, Astrophysics, Universe,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10167
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Carbon is the root of all life on Earth, and as it circulates through our biosphere, the Earth's state of health responds. Whenever the size of phytoplankton colonies in the ocean changes, it affects the amount of carbon absorbed from the atmosphere. These blooms are highly dependent on surrounding environmental conditions. As a hurricane passes over the tropical waters of the Atlantic, it draws up cold water from deep below the warmer surface. As the cooler water rises, it brings with it...
Topics: Byrne, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Hurricane, Phytoplankton, Phytoplankton Blooms, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10030
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center- Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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This animation shows a magnetospheric substorm, during which the reconnection causes energy to be rapidly released along the field lines causing the auroras to brighten. Note: Earth's magnetic field lines including plasma. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Aurora, HDTV, Magnetic Reconnection, Solar Wind, Space Weather, THEMIS, What -- THEMIS
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10104
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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This animation is an update HD version of #010149 that starts at the Sun and pulls back to reveal the Heliosphere. Note: Journey to the Heliosphere Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: HDTV, Heliosphere, Solar System, Heliopause, IBEX, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10193
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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NASA's Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) satellite captured the first images ever of a collision between a coronal mass ejection and a comet. Note: Comet Encke visualization from STEREO with a Black/Blue background. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Angelos Vourlidas (NRL). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: STEREO.
Topics: CME, Comet, HDTV, Sun, What -- Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory, What -- STEREO, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10159
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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This is an update to an older magnetic reconnection animation (10072). The ionized wind from the Sun generates reconnection in the Earth's magnetic field. Particles leak in from the rediation belts producing the auroras. Note: 3-D Anaglyph Reconnection animation Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Nicola Fox (Johns Hopkins University/APL).
Topics: Aurora, Magnetic Fields, Magnetosphere, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10110
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Smart Satellites Get a Closer Look - Along with semi-autonomous advancements in the RapidFire system, NASA is testing new integration techniques with the EO-1 spacecraft and its cutting edge ALI instrument. It works like this: when MODIS spots an area on the ground that may indicate fire, advanced software puts out an alert. That message essentially instructs ALI to point itself towards the zone of interest and get a close-up. If the resulting picture from this orbital dance shows risk for...
Topics: Automated, Fire Management, RapidFire, Semi-autonomous, Earth Science, Biosphere, Ecological...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10001
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Center of Gravity--Why Rollovers Happen (animation) - A particular object's center of gravity--in this case an SUV--will always be contained within the geometric confines of that vehicle as it's oriented in space relative to the pull of gravity. If there's a change in a vehicle's spatial orientation due to the imposition of some external force, the vehicle's center of gravity will shift from its original position as long as that external force persists. That means that the tires, which had...
Topics: Balance, Byrne, Centrifuge, Gonnelli, Safety, Sport Utility Vehicle, What -- FAST
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10004
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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This animation provides a close perspective of the relationship between ice and solar reflectivity. As glaciers, the polar caps, and icebergs (shown here) melt, less sunlight gets reflected into space. Instead, the oceans and land absorb the light, thus raising the overall temperature and adding energy to a vicious circle. Note: This is the standard definition version MPEG of the Ice Albedo(clean ice case) Animation. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI). Scientist: James Hansen (NASA/GSFC GISS)....
Topics: Albedo, Byrne, Earth Science, Global Warming, Gonnelli, HDTV, Ice, Melting, Pollution, Reflectance,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10022
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Energetic electrons and ions can get trapped in the Earth's geomagnetic field forming a toroidal region around the planet known as the radiation belts. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Earth, Geomagnetic Field, Space science, Radiation Belts, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10068
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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POLAR looks at the polar aurora and sun-earth connection long term effects. Note: Polar Spacecraft in orbit Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: Polar Ice, What -- Polar, What -- Sun, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10307
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Animation of fragmented magnetic fields on Mars Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: Magnetic Fields, What -- Mars
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10173
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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QUIKToms in orbit Note: QUIKToms in orbit Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topic: QuikTOMS
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10310
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Cities tend to be 1-10 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than surrounding areas. The added heat destabilizes and changes air circulation around cities. During the warmer months, the added heat creates wind circulations and rising air that produces new clouds enhances existing ones. Under the right conditions, these clouds evolve into rain-producers or storms. Scientists suspect that converging air due to city surfaces of varying heights, like buildings, also promotes rising air needed to produce clouds...
Topics: Byrne, Clouds, Coastal, Convergance, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Heat Island, Rain, Rainfall, Urban,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10013
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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TRMM provides a closer look at hurricanes using a unique combination of passive and active microwave instruments designed to peer inside cloud systems and measure rainfall. TRMM allows scientists to study the combustion process in the hurricane engine and relate this process to intensification or weakening.Hurricane Energy Process - As water vapor is evaporated from the warm ocean surface, it is forced upward in towering convective clouds in the eyewall and rain band regions of the storm. As...
Topics: Earth Science, Gonnelli, Hurricane, Water Vapor, What -- Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10050
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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The ACE spacecraft withstanding a solar wind shockwave Note: Ace Spacecraft Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: ACE, What -- ACE
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10301
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Note: We get a view from inside the Lambert crater (using a topological DEM model) as LRO passes overhead. Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Andrew Freeberg (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: LRO.
Topics: Crater, HDTV, Lambert, Lunar, Moon, Satellite, Spacecraft, LRO, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10276
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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This cut away of the Greenland ice sheet shows the high altitude accumulation region and the low altitude ablation (melt) zones. In a warming climate, both melting around the margins and precipitation in the interior increase, causing the ice sheet to grow in the middle and shrink at the edges. Note: This animation illustrates a cutaway of the high altitude accumulation zones and low altitude melt zones. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI), Cindy Starr (GST). Scientist: Waleed Abdalati (NASA/HQ)....
Topics: HDTV, Earth Science, Cryosphere, Glaciers/Ice Sheets, Glacier Mass Balance/Ice Sheet Mass Balance,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10152
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Instruments added during SM4 will greatly expand the scientific power of the Hubble Space Telescope, putting Hubble at the "apex" of its capabilities, adding improvement factors of 10-70 times in certain key performance areas. For more information please contact Goddard Space Flight Center Public Affairs Officers Susan Hendrix at 301-286-7745 or Ed Campion at 301-286-0697, http://www.nasa.gov Find more information about the Hubble Space Telescope and Service Mission 4 at...
Topics: Hubble Space Telescope, HST, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10321
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Note: Dead zones are areas of water so devoid of oxygen that sea life cannot live there. If phytoplankton productivity is enhanced by fertilizers or other nutrients, more organic matter is produced at the surface of the ocean. The organic matter sinks to the bottom, where bacteria break it down and release carbon dioxide. Bacteria thrives off excessive organic matter and absorb oxygen, the same oxygen that fish, crabs and other sea creatures rely on for life. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI)....
Topic: Gonnelli, Phytoplankton
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10056
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Note: A coronal mass ejection erupts from the Sun and propagates out through the Solar System. Along the way it is detected by the spacecraft at Jupiter and Saturn. Eventually it is detected by the two Voyager spacecraft beyond the orbit of Pluto. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Coronal Mass Ejection, Jupiter, Solar Flare, Space science, Sun, What -- Sun, What -- Jupiter, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10045
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
image

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Stills from the animation series, suitable for framing Note: Print 1 Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: Calipso, What -- CALIPSO
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10316
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Animation of the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) in it's deployed location. Note: Beauty Pass' of Solar Dynamics Observatory on-station. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: SDO.
Topics: Space science, Sun, What -- Solar Dynamics Observatory, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10040
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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The Universe is home to numerous extoic and beautiful phenomena, some of which can generate inconceiveable amounts of energy. GLAST (Gamma-ray Large Area Telescope) will open this high-energy world as the first imaging gamma-ray observatory to survey the entire sky every day and with high sensitivity. Astronomers will gain a superior tool to study how black holes, notorious for pulling matter in, can accelerate jets of gas outward at fantastic speeds. Physicists will be able to search for...
Topics: Gamma Ray, HDTV, Satellite, Spacecraft, Space science, Gamma Ray Burst, Astrophysics, Universe,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10166
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Note: Traveling Dust Animation - The dust comes every year during northern Africa's dry season, when storm activity in the Sahara Desert and Sahel generate clouds of dust. The dust originating from fine particles in the arid topsoil is transported into the atmosphere by winds and may be carried in excess of 10,000 feet high into the atmosphere by easterly trade winds. Typically, it takes one to two weeks for the dust clouds to cross the Atlantic Ocean and reach the continental United States.....
Topics: Atmosphere, Byrne, Drought, Dust Cloud, Dust Storm, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Sahara, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10008
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Beauty pass of Calipso spacecraft on orbit over Earth Note: Calipso in orbit over Earth Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: Calipso, What -- CALIPSO, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10285
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Therese Kucera (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Coronal Mass Ejection, Space science, Sun, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10066
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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The Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere (AIM) mission will provide the first detailed exploration of the Earth's unique and elusive noctilucent or night shining clouds that are found literally on the 'edge of space'. Located near the top of the Earth's mesosphere (the region just above the stratosphere), very little is known about how these polar mesospheric clouds form or why they vary. They are being seen at lower latitudes than ever before and have been growing brighter and more frequent,...
Topics: Clouds, Earth, HDTV, Noctilucent, AIM, What -- Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere, What -- Polar,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10148
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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The Sun belches out gas at thousands of kilometers per second as the STEREO A spacecraft looks on. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Therese Kucera (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: STEREO.
Topics: HDTV, Space science, Sun, What -- Sun, What -- STEREO A, What -- STEREO
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10064
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Note: A closer look at one of the THEMIS spacecraft. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Vassilis Angelopoulos (University of California, Berkeley). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: THEMIS.
Topics: THEMIS, What -- THEMIS, Where -- California
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10094
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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The ionized wind from the Sun generates reconnection in the Earth's magnetic field. Particles leak in from the radiation belts producing the aurora. Note: The wind from the Sun impacts the Earth's magnetic field. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Nicola Fox (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Magnetosphere, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10072
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Dropsondes Away! - Described by a researcher as 'Pringles cans with parachutes', scientists dropped sensors called 'dropsondes' into 2001's Hurricane Erin to gain temperature, pressure, moisture and wind readings throughout different locations in the hurricane. An ER-2 allows for eight dropsondes deliveries, while the fully staffed DC-8 plane drops as many as 15 dropsondes within the hurricane. Note: This is the standard definition version of the Dropsonde Hurricane MPEG. Animator: Susan Twardy...
Topics: Byrne, DC-8, ER-2, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Moisture, Pressure, Storm, Temperature, Winds,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10009
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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The STEREO spacecraft will observed the Sun and the region between the Sun and the Earth from the Lagrange Points of the Sun-Earth system. Note: Stereo spacecraft looks at the sun Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Scientist: Therese Kucera (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: STEREO.
Topics: Space science, Sun, What -- STEREO, What -- Sun, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10060
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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This animation shows the Earth's magnetosphere based on a magnetosphere model from the Community Coordinated Modeling Center at GSFC. Note: 3-D Anaglyph Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: HDTV, Magnetic Fields, Magnetosphere, Stereo Display, What -- STEREO, Where -- Goddard Space Flight...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10111
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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On Friday, August 1, 2008, a total eclipse of the Sun is visible from within a narrow corridor that traverses half the Earth. The path of the Moon's umbral shadow begins in Canada and extends across northern Greenland, the Artic, central Russia, Mongolia and China. A partial eclipse is seen within the much broader path of the Moon's penumbral shadow, which includes northeastern North America, most of Europe and Asia. Note: August 01, 2008, Total Solar Eclipse path. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI)....
Topics: Earth, HDTV, Moon, Solar Eclipse, What -- Sun, What -- Earth, What -- Moon, Where -- Canada, Where...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10218
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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The Argo instrument probe. It works in conjunction with many others of it's kind to collect data about ocean currents. Note: This animation shows the Argo probe on the ocean surface as it relays information. It then decends below the surface to collect additional data. Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topic: Argo
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10286
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Methane is a simple compound made of carbon and hydroge. This gas comes from ordinary sources, like cattle herds and garbage dumps. On a planetary scale it also has a significant impact on climate. As it builds up in the atmosphere, it traps energy from the sun like a layer of insulation. Carbon dioxide does much the same thing-it causes global warming by trapping heat. But as experts struggle to curtail global climate change, a decrease of atmospheric methane might be easier to achieve than...
Topics: Global Warming, Earth Science, Atmosphere, Atmospheric Chemistry/Carbon and Hydrocarbon Compounds,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10085
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Experts now estimate that Tamarisk (saltcedar) has infested more than 3.3 million acres in the western United States. Tamarisk is one of our most harmful invasive species because the plant's long roots tap into underground aquifers. Its groundwater-absorbing qualities may be adding to the severity of the drought in the western U.S. NASA and the USGS are working together to develop a National Invasive Species Forecasting System (ISFS) for the management and control of invasive species. The ISFS...
Topics: Earth Science, Biosphere, Ecological Dynamics, Invasive Species, What -- Earth, Where -- United...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10096
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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TRMM provides a closer look at hurricanes using a unique combination of passive and active microwave instruments designed to peer inside cloud systems and measure rainfall. TRMM allows scientists to study the combustion process in the hurricane engine and relate this process to intensification or weakening. Note: This is the standard definition version of the Hurricane Heat Engine - Cutaway animation MPEG. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI). Scientist: J. Marshall Shepherd (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Earth Science, Gonnelli, Hurricane, What -- Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), What --...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10049
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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EO-1 Takes High Resolution images of Earth Note: EO-1 Overhead View Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: EO-1, What -- EO 1, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10304
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This solar flare animation illustrates the role of magnetic field lines and reconnection events in the phenomenon. Note: Movie of simplified solar flare model Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Solar Flare, Space science, Sun, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10035
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This movie illustrates how the Earth's axial tilt is responsible for the changing solar insolation with the seasons. Note: Changing seasons as the Earth orbits. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Earth, Seasons, Space science, Sun, What -- Earth, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10065
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Reigning on Earth's Climate - Only about 70% of the solar energy that reaches Earth is absorbed, while the other 30% is reflected back into space by atmosphere and aerosols, ocean/land and clouds. A closer view reveals a delicate balance between absorption and reflection as well as a release of energy by rocks, air and sea warming and emitting increasing amounts of thermal radiation (heat) in the form of long-wave infrared light. This radiation allows Earth to lose heat at the same rate it...
Topics: Earth Science, Sun-earth Interactions, Ionosphere/Magnetosphere Particles, Energy Deposition, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10102
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Note: This animation tracks with LRO as it passes above a large lunar crater. Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Andrew Freeberg (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: LRO.
Topics: Crater, HDTV, Lunar, Moon, Satellite, Spacecraft, LRO, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, What -- Lunar...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10274
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Observations from NASA's twin Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) spacecraft allowed scientists, for the first time, to reveal the true size and shape of solar explosions known as coronal mass ejections, or CMEs, in three dimensions. Note: Dr. Angelos Vourlidas, the Project Scientist for STEREO's Sun Earth Connection Coronal and Heliospheric Investivation (SECCHI) instrument, explains how the STEREO satellites have been able to observe the true size, shape, and three-dimensional...
Topics: CME, HDTV, Sun, What -- Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory, What -- STEREO, What -- Sun, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10418
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Beyond the Pale--Hyperion Imaging Spectrometer - It's not so much that the Hyperion instrument will be able to see the Earth more 'close up' or have a higher spatial resolution than previous instruments. Yet Hyperion's goals are nothing less than ambitious. The instrument is designed to gather highly complex data from a given region on the Earth by viewing the surface in terms of 220 distinct colors or 'bands' of light. Think of looking at a photograph in black and white and then comparing the...
Topics: Byrne, EO-1, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Hyperion, Imaging, Instrument, Spacial Resolution, What --...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10018
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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The study of meteorology presents significant challenges to scientists. One of the most challenging aspects is the inherent complexity of weather coupled with its high rate of change. In the case of clouds, scientists seek new insights into how they form, behave, and interact with the Earth's atmosphere. Engineers designed Cloudsat and Calipso to deliver the data needed by scientists to provide new understanding of how clouds, water vapor, ice particles, and aerosols affect the weather. Note:...
Topics: Atmospheric science, Climate, Weather, Earth Science, Atmosphere, Clouds, Cloud Liquid Water/Ice,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10091
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Understanding the variability of the density of ocean water is critical to understanding changes in the ocean's circulation, particularly those parts of the circulation that pertain to climate. In the tropics, the sun warms the surface water and causes that water to expand. Because the surface water is now less dense than the cooler water below, the warmest waters remain near the surface. Near the poles, the energy input by the sun is not as strong, and the surface waters are not warmed to the...
Topics: Climate, Earth Science, Oceans, Salinity/Density, Earth Science, Oceans, Ocean Circulation,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10093
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center/Conceptual Image Lab
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An artist concept of the spacecraft. The microwave instruments on board NOAA-N Prime are so sensitive that they can see Earth's surface through clouds. NOAA-N Prime will deliver essential atmospheric and surface parameters to use in scientific forecast models. N Prime provides essential critical information for creating accurate weather forecasts 2-3 days in advance. Note: Beauty pass of the NOAA-N Prime satellite. Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Silvia Stoyanova (UMBC)....
Topics: Atmospheric science, Climate, Geology, HDTV, Human geography, Hurricane, Natural hazards, Remote...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10373
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This animation illustrates the dust storm caused by the drought in the 1930's. Note: This is the standard definition version of the Dust Storm animaiton MPEG. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI). Scientist: Siegfried D. Schubert (NASA/GSFC). Writer: Rani Chohan (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Byrne, Drought, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Precipitation, Sea Surface Temperature, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10034
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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GLAST's launch is scheduled for early 2008 from Cape Canaveral Air Station on Florida's eastern coast. GLAST will be carried on a Delta II Heavy launch vehicle, with 9 solid rocket boosters. The solids are actually from the Delta III series (hence the term 'heavy'), mounted on a Delta II. It has a 10-foot fairing and two stages. Stowed in the launch vehicle, the spacecraft is 9.2 feet (2.8 meters) high by 8.2 feet (2.5 meters) in diameter. Once deployed, GLAST becomes a little bit taller and...
Topics: Gamma Ray, HDTV, Satellite, Spacecraft, Space science, Gamma Ray Burst, Astrophysics, Universe,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10168
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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GLAST will carry two instruments: the Large Area Telescope (LAT) and the GLAST Burst Monitor (GBM). The LAT is GLAST's primary instrument and consists of four components: the Tracker, the Calorimeter, the Anticoincidence Detector (ACD), and the Data Acquisition System (DAQ). These instrument components working together will detect gamma rays by using Einstein's famous equation (E=mc(squared) in a technique known as pair production. The GLAST Burst Monitor is a complementary instrument and...
Topics: Gamma Ray, HDTV, Satellite, Spacecraft, Space science, Gamma Ray Burst, Astrophysics, Universe,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10164
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This is a conceptual animation showing how melting ice on land and at sea, can affect the surrounding ocean water, changing both the chemistry and relative sea level. Note: This is the standard definition version of the Ice Albedo-Close Up animation MPEG. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI). Scientist: Claire Parkinson (NASA/GSFC). Writer: Michael Starobin (HTSI), Sarah DeWitt (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Albedo, Byrne, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Ice, Reflectivity, Sea Ice, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10020
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Because of their high altitude, near the edge of space, noctilucent clouds shine at night when the Sun's rays hit them from below while the lower atmosphere is bathed in darkness. Also known as Polar Mesospheric Clouds or PMCs, they typically form in the cold, summer polar mesosphere and are made of water ice crystals. In April 2007 the Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere (AIM) Mission was launched with the express purpose of studying noctilucent clouds. Note: Because of their high altitude, near...
Topics: Byrne, Clouds, Gonnelli, Noctilucent, Shuttle, Location, Polar, Location, Mesosphere, AIM,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10002
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Conceptual Image Lab, NASA/STScI, NASA
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Instruments added during SM4 will greatly expand the scientific power of the Hubble Space Telescope, putting Hubble at the 'apex' of its capabilities, adding improvement factors of 10-70 times in certain key performance areas.
Topics: Hubble Space Telescope, HST, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Apex, Where -- Goddard...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10318
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Join a ride with electrons along the Earth's magnetic field line to the formation site of the aurora. Note: View of the Earth's geomagnetic field and following the electrons down to the aurora formation. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: 3D Unstructured-mesh Magnetosphere Simulation.
Topic: Aurora, Electron, Geomagnetic Field, Magnetic Fields, Magnetosphere, Space science
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10058
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Arctic Vortex - During winter, stratospheric winds (uppermost atmosphere) tend to form a vortex around the North Pole. These polar clouds lead to chemical reactions that affect the chemical form of chlorine in the stratosphere. In certain chemical forms, chlorine can deplete the ozone layer. Note: This is the standard definition version of the Arctic Vortex animation MPEG. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI). Scientist: Paul Newman (NASA/GSFC). Writer: Michael Starobin (HTSI).
Topics: Arctic Jetstream, Atmosphere, Byrne, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Ozone, Stratospheric Clouds,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10005
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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STEREO A and B get a gravity-assist for their trajectory in a fly-by of the Moon. Note: Stereo uses lunar gravity Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Scientist: Therese Kucera (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: STEREO.
Topics: Space science, Sun, What -- STEREO A, What -- Moon, What -- STEREO, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10061
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Gamma rays are the highest-energy forms of light in the electromagnetic spectrum and they can have over a billion times the energy of the type of light visible to the human eye. Gamma rays can be created in several different ways: a high-energy particle can collide with another particle, a particle can collide and annihilate with its anti-particle, an element can undergo radioactive decay, or a charged particle can be accelerated. In this animation, we see a high-energy photon collide with a...
Topics: Gamma Ray, HDTV, Space science, Spectrum, Gamma Ray Burst, Astrophysics, Universe, GLAST,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10155
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Swift searches for Gamma Ray Bursts and stellar explosions Note: Swift leaves the darkness, camera zooms in to catch the spacecraft crossing Earth. Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: Swift.
Topics: Gamma Ray, Satellite, Spacecraft, Space science, Gamma Ray Burst, Universe, Stars, Space, Swift,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10298