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NASA Images
Nov 25, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Instruments added during SM4 will greatly expand the scientific power of the Hubble Space Telescope, putting Hubble at the "apex" of its capabilities, adding improvement factors of 10-70 times in certain key performance areas. For more information please contact Goddard Space Flight Center Public Affairs Officers Susan Hendrix at 301-286-7745 or Ed Campion at 301-286-0697, http://www.nasa.gov Find more information about the Hubble Space Telescope and Service Mission 4 at...
Topics: Hubble Space Telescope, HST, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10321
NASA Images
Nov 25, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Observations from NASA's twin Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) spacecraft allowed scientists, for the first time, to reveal the true size and shape of solar explosions known as coronal mass ejections, or CMEs, in three dimensions. Note: Dr. Angelos Vourlidas, the Project Scientist for STEREO's Sun Earth Connection Coronal and Heliospheric Investivation (SECCHI) instrument, explains how the STEREO satellites have been able to observe the true size, shape, and three-dimensional...
Topics: CME, HDTV, Sun, What -- Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory, What -- STEREO, What -- Sun, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10418
NASA Images
Nov 25, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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The 'greenhouse effect' is the warming of climate that results when the atmosphere traps heat radiating from Earth toward space. Certain gases in the atmosphere resemble glass in a greenhouse, allowing sunlight to pass into the 'greenhouse,' but blocking Earth's heat from escaping into space. The gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect include water vapor, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane, nitrous oxides, and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). On Earth, human activities are changing the natural...
Topics: Atmosphere, Carbon Dioxide, Climate, Earth Science, Global Warming, HDTV, Methane, Climate Change,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10156
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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THEMIS observations confirm for the first time that magnetic reconnection in the magnetotail triggers the onset of substorms. Substorms are the sudden violent eruptions of space weather that release solar energy trapped in the Earth's magnetic field. Note: THEMIS reconnection animation Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Vassilis Angelopoulos (University of California, Berkeley). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: THEMIS.
Topics: Aurora, HDTV, Magnetic Reconnection, THEMIS, What -- THEMIS, Where -- California
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10267
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Note: A coronal mass ejection erupts from the Sun and propagates out through the Solar System. Along the way it is detected by the spacecraft at Jupiter and Saturn. Eventually it is detected by the two Voyager spacecraft beyond the orbit of Pluto. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Coronal Mass Ejection, Jupiter, Solar Flare, Space science, Sun, What -- Sun, What -- Jupiter, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10045
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Conceptual Image Lab
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THEMIS (Time History of Events and Microscale Interactions durind Substorms) answers fundamental outstanding questions regarding the magnetospheric substorm instability, a dominant mechanism of transport and explosive release of solar wind energy within Geospace. THEMIS will elucidate which magnetotail process is responsible for substorm onset at the region where substorm auroras map (~10Re): (i) a local disruption of the plasma sheet current or (ii) that current's interaction with the rapid...
Topics: Aurora, HDTV, Magnetic Reconnection, Solar Wind, THEMIS, What -- THEMIS, Where -- California
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10103
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Experts now estimate that Tamarisk (saltcedar) has infested more than 3.3 million acres in the western United States. Tamarisk is one of our most harmful invasive species because the plant's long roots tap into underground aquifers. Its groundwater-absorbing qualities may be adding to the severity of the drought in the western U.S. NASA and the USGS are working together to develop a National Invasive Species Forecasting System (ISFS) for the management and control of invasive species. The ISFS...
Topics: Earth Science, Biosphere, Ecological Dynamics, Invasive Species, What -- Earth, Where -- United...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10096
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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A burst of fast material from the Sun generates magnetic reconnection events in the Earth's magnetic field. This eventually sends high-speed electrons and protons into the Earth's upper atmosphere to form aurora. Note: View the impact of a coronal mass ejection against the Earth's magnetic field. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: 3D Unstructured-mesh Magnetosphere Simulation.
Topics: Aurora, Coronal Mass Ejection, Electron, Geomagnetic Field, Magnetic Fields, Magnetosphere, Space...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10059
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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The Water Cycle - Water falling from summer storm clouds onto a field of wheat today will someday fall again somewhere else. This is the essence of the water cycle. The first step in the cycle is evaporation. Heated by sunlight, liquid water turns to vapor and enters the atmosphere. Another source of atmospheric water vapor is the respiratory process of plants. Vapor leaves plants through tiny pores called stomata. This process is called transpiration. As moist air ascends into the atmosphere...
Topics: Byrne, Condensation, Earth Science, Evaporation, Gonnelli, Precipitation, Rain, Transpiration,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10016
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Sten Odenwald (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Space science, Transit, Venus, What -- Venus
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10029
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Like fans doing the wave at a stadium, large cell-like features called supergranules are moving in a vertical motion, giving the illusion of the solar surface rotating faster than the Sun. Note: The sun surface in motion. Large cell-like features on the Sun called supergranules are seen as white stripes. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: SOHO.
Topics: Sun, Earth Science, Sun-earth Interactions, Solar Activity, Solar Imagery, Solar Granulation, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10079
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This animation shows Voyager II on it's journey to the Heliopause. Note: Voyager II animation Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Eric Christian Ph.D. (NASA/HQ). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: Voyager.
Topics: HDTV, Heliosphere, Heliopause, Voyager, What -- Voyager
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10179
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab, Model Data from Opher, et al. 2006
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As of August 30, 2007, NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft has followed its twin Voyager 1 into the solar system's final frontier, a vast region at the edge of our solar system where the solar wind runs up against the thin gas between the stars. Note: Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 headed on different paths out of the Solar System toward interstellar space. Traveling at different speeds and in different directions, Voyager 1 encountered the termination shock at 94 astronomical units (AU) and Voyager 2...
Topics: Heliosphere, Solar System, Heliopause, Voyager, What -- Voyager 1, What -- Voyager 2, What --...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10181
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Carbon And The Ocean -- The Slow Cycle - The oceans are vast, and their processes as complex as their waters are deep.Phytoplankton absorbs carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and nutrient rich waters and grows in wide colonies called blooms. These blooms are highly dependent on surrounding environmental conditions. As phytoplankton grows, it forms the foundation for the food chain, thus passing carbon up to higher life forms. But just as on land, links in the ocean's chain of life also break,...
Topics: Atmosphere, Byrne, Carbon Absorption, Carbon Ocean Cycle, Carbon Release, Carbon Reserve, Carbon...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10007
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Arctic Vortex - During winter, stratospheric winds (uppermost atmosphere) tend to form a vortex around the North Pole. These polar clouds lead to chemical reactions that affect the chemical form of chlorine in the stratosphere. In certain chemical forms, chlorine can deplete the ozone layer. Note: This is the standard definition version of the Arctic Vortex animation MPEG. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI). Scientist: Paul Newman (NASA/GSFC). Writer: Michael Starobin (HTSI).
Topics: Arctic Jetstream, Atmosphere, Byrne, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Ozone, Stratospheric Clouds,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10005
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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A coronal mass ejection (CME) passes the Voyager spacecraft far beyond Pluto. Note: The CME hits the Voyager spacecraft. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Coronal Mass Ejection, HDTV, Space science, Sun, What -- Voyager, What -- Pluto, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10044
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Violent events on the Sun can trigger waves much the same as earthquakes can trigger tsunamis on the Earth. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Solar Flare, Space science, Sun, What -- Sun, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10041
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, The SeaWiFS Project and ORBIMAGE, Conceptual Image Lab. NOTE: All SeaWiFS images and data presented on this web site are for research and educational use only. All commercial use of SeaWiFS data must be coordinated with ORBIMAGE (http://www.orbimage.com).
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Deep Water Feast: Upwellings Bring Nutrients to The Surface- Large phytoplankton blooms tend to coincide with natural phenomena that drive cold, nutrient-rich water to the surface. The process is called upwelling. Here's what's happening: winds coming off principal land masses push surface layers of water away from the shore. Into the resulting wind-driven void deeper water underneath the surface layers rushes in toward the coast, bringing with it nutrients for life to bloom. It's different on...
Topics: Byrne, Coastal Water, Earth Science, El Nino, Gonnelli, La Nina, Ocean, Phytoplankton Blooms, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10019
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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An artist conception of the surface of Venus to Venus transit Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Space science, Sun, Transit, Venus, What -- Venus, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10042
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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The Carbon Cycle - The carbon cycle on land, acted out here show a tree taking in carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and combined with water and nutrients from the soil, growing. In the fall and winter, parts of the growth die off and release some carbon back into the system. At some point, the tree is no longer able to take in carbon and begins to die. When that happens, all the carbon absorbed in its body is released back into the cycle as it decomposes. Fire can accelerate this, sending...
Topics: Atmosphere, Byrne, Carbon Absorption, Carbon Land Cycle, Carbon Release, Carbon Reserve, Decompose,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10006
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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New studies show that the Sun's active regions -- areas of intense eruptions -- are formed from many small magnetic structures (white loops) that rise from deep within the interior, then pierce the surface to form sunspots (dark areas). These structures appear as giant arches when electrified gas (plasma) passes through their magnetic fields. Note: Magnetic field lines poke through the solar surface, producing sunspots and occasionally flares. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Coronal Mass Ejection, Earth Science, Sun-earth Interactions, Solar Activity, Solar Flares, Earth...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10074
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This animation shows a stereoscopic 3D fly-by of STEREO A spacecraft. Note: 720p Anaglyph mpeg2 Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: STEREO.
Topics: HDTV, Stereo Display, What -- STEREO A, What -- STEREO
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10112
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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A close-up view of a STEREO satellite. Note: STEREO as seen fom Earth's orbit Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Scientist: Therese Kucera (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: STEREO.
Topics: HDTV, Space science, Sun, What -- STEREO A, What -- STEREO, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10062
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Center of Gravity--Why Rollovers Happen (animation) - A particular object's center of gravity--in this case an SUV--will always be contained within the geometric confines of that vehicle as it's oriented in space relative to the pull of gravity. If there's a change in a vehicle's spatial orientation due to the imposition of some external force, the vehicle's center of gravity will shift from its original position as long as that external force persists. That means that the tires, which had...
Topics: Balance, Byrne, Centrifuge, Gonnelli, Safety, Sport Utility Vehicle, What -- FAST
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10004
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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STEREO A gets a final boost in velocity with a gravity-assist by the Earth. Note: Stereo: Earth Flyby Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Scientist: Therese Kucera (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: STEREO.
Topics: Space science, Sun, What -- STEREO A, What -- Earth, What -- STEREO, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10063
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This simplistic animation shows the concept of 3d imaging of the SUN with the STEREO spacecraft. Note: How do the STEREO spacecraft make 3D images? Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: HDTV, What -- Sun, What -- STEREO
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10113
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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STEREO A and B get a gravity-assist for their trajectory in a fly-by of the Moon. Note: Stereo uses lunar gravity Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Scientist: Therese Kucera (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: STEREO.
Topics: Space science, Sun, What -- STEREO A, What -- Moon, What -- STEREO, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10061
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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The STEREO spacecraft will observed the Sun and the region between the Sun and the Earth from the Lagrange Points of the Sun-Earth system. Note: Stereo spacecraft looks at the sun Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Scientist: Therese Kucera (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: STEREO.
Topics: Space science, Sun, What -- STEREO, What -- Sun, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10060
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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The Sun belches out gas at thousands of kilometers per second as the STEREO A spacecraft looks on. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Therese Kucera (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: STEREO.
Topics: HDTV, Space science, Sun, What -- Sun, What -- STEREO A, What -- STEREO
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10064
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10095
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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A shuttle payload instrument, Spartan deploys from the bay and is returned to Earth with the shuttle. Note: Spartan 201 Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: Spartan, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10311
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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As part of the ocean conveyor belt, warm water from the tropical Atlantic moves poleward near the surface where it gives up some of its heat to the atmosphere. This process partially moderates the cold temperatures at higher latitudes. As the warm water gives up its heat it becomes more dense and sinks. This circulation loop is closed as the cooled water makes its way slowly back toward the tropics at lower depths in the ocean. If the poles warm, it is possible that melt water from glaciers and...
Topics: Byrne, Climate, Earth Science, Global Warming, Gonnelli, Ice Age, Ocean Currents, What -- Polar,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10031
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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A close-up view of the SORCE satellite in orbit. Note: A close-up view of the SORCE satellite in orbit. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Solar Radiation, Earth Science, Atmosphere, Atmospheric Radiation, Solar Irradiance, Earth Science,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10080
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Still images from the animation series in print resolution, suitable for framing. Note: print2 Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Stefanie Misztal (UMBC).
Topics: Atmospheric science, Clouds, Earth Science, Atmosphere, Clouds, AIM, Noctilucent Clouds, Wallpaper,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10320
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Heating Up the Atmosphere (Animation) - When soot absorbs sunlight, it heats the air and reduces the amount of sunlight reaching the ground, cooling the Earth's surface. The heated air makes the atmosphere unstable, creating rising air (convection) that forms clouds and brings rainfall to regions that are heavily polluted. The increase of rising air is balanced by an increase in sinking air (subsidence) and drying. When air sinks, clouds and thus rain, cannot form creating dry conditions. Soot...
Topics: Atmosphere, Byrne, Carbon, Clouds, Convection, Earth Science Conceptual, Gonnelli, Pollution, Rain,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10003
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Three prints of Aura - nicely framed Note: Print 1 Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: Aura, What -- Aura
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10317
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Stills from the animation series, suitable for framing Note: Print 1 Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: Calipso, What -- CALIPSO
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10316
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Stills from the animation series, suitable for framing. Note: Cloudsat Print #1 Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: Clouds, Cloudsat, What -- CloudSat
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10315
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This animation shows sunpot migration over a 11 year solar cycle and indicates the features causing total solar irradiance variability. For a standard definition version of this animation, please go to
Topics: HDTV, Solar Cycle, Sun, Earth Science, Sun-earth Interactions, Solar Activity, Sunspots, What --...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10185
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Still from the animation series - 300dpi .tiff file - Suitable for framing. Note: Lisa - 3 satellites in orbit Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topic: LISA
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10314
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Stills from the animation series, these 300dpi .tiff files are suitable for framing. Note: Print4 Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Stefanie Misztal (UMBC).
Topics: GLAST, What -- Gamma-Ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST)
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10313
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This animation shows solar activity over a 11 year cycle. For a high definition version of this animation, please go to
Topics: Earth Science, Sun-earth Interactions, Solar Activity, Sunspots, What -- Earth, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10151
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This animation shows a CME erupting off of the Sun and the energetic particles racing ahead of the CME and how they react with the Earth's magnetic field and Mar's magnetic field. Note: Solar Energetic particles Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: CME, Earth, Magnetic Fields, Mars, What -- Sun, What -- Mars, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10174
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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The Solar Occultation For Ice Experiment (SOFIE) instrument uses solar occultation to measure cloud particles, temperature and atmospheric gases involved in forming the noctilucent clouds studied by the Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere (AIM) spacecraft. The instrument will reveal the recipe of chemicals that prompt formation of polar mesospheric clouds. It will provide the most accurate and comprehensive look to date of ice particles and chemicals within the clouds as well as of the...
Topics: Atmospheric science, HDTV, Earth Science, Atmosphere, Clouds, Cloud Types, What -- Aeronomy of Ice...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10115
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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SDO is designed to help us understand the Sun's influence on Earth and Near-Earth space by studying the solar atmosphere on small scales of space and time and in many wavelengths simultaneously. Note: This animation of the Solar Dynamics Observatory shows it above the earth as it faces toward the Sun. Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI), Ryan Zuber (UMBC). Scientist: William D. Pesnell (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: SDO.
Topics: HDTV, Spacecraft, Sun, SDO, What -- Earth, What -- Solar Dynamics Observatory, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10162
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This movie illustrates how the Earth's axial tilt is responsible for the changing solar insolation with the seasons. Note: Changing seasons as the Earth orbits. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Earth, Seasons, Space science, Sun, What -- Earth, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10065
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This is an update to an older magnetic reconnection animation (10072). The ionized wind from the Sun generates reconnection in the Earth's magnetic field. Particles leak in from the rediation belts producing the auroras. Note: 3-D Anaglyph Reconnection animation Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Nicola Fox (Johns Hopkins University/APL).
Topics: Aurora, Magnetic Fields, Magnetosphere, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10110
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Animation of the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) in it's deployed location. Note: Beauty Pass' of Solar Dynamics Observatory on-station. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: SDO.
Topics: Space science, Sun, What -- Solar Dynamics Observatory, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10040
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Experts now estimate that Tamarisk (saltcedar) has infested more than 3.3 million acres in the western United States. Tamarisk is one of our most harmful invasive species because the plant's long roots tap into underground aquifers. Its groundwater-absorbing qualities may be adding to the severity of the drought in the western U.S. NASA and the USGS are working together to develop a National Invasive Species Forecasting System (ISFS) for the management and control of invasive species. The ISFS...
Topics: Earth Science, Biosphere, Ecological Dynamics, Invasive Species, What -- Earth, Where -- United...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10097
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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The X-ray spectrographic imager observed a serendipitous gamma-ray burst. Note: RHESSI observes a gamma-ray burst Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Space science, What -- Imager, What -- RHESSI
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10036
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This animation shows a magnetic reconnection event with proton aurora data from the IMAGE spacecraft. Note: Proton aurora animation Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: Cluster, IMAGE.
Topic: Aurora, Magnetic Reconnection
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10106
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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The ionized wind from the Sun generates reconnection in the Earth's magnetic field. Particles leak in from the radiation belts producing the aurora. Note: The wind from the Sun impacts the Earth's magnetic field. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Nicola Fox (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Magnetosphere, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10072
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Energetic electrons and ions can get trapped in the Earth's geomagnetic field forming a toroidal region around the planet known as the radiation belts. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Earth, Geomagnetic Field, Space science, Radiation Belts, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10068
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Normal rainfall droplet creation involves water vapor condensing on particles in clouds. The droplets eventually coalesce together to form drops large enough to fall to Earth. However, as more and more pollution particles (aerosols) enter a rain cloud, the same amount of water becomes spread out. These smaller water droplets float with the air and are prevented from coalescing and growing large enough for a raindrop. Thus, the cloud yields less rainfall over the course of its liftime compared...
Topics: Aerosols, Byrne, Clouds, Condensation, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Pollution, Raindrop, Rainfall, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10010
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Because of their high altitude, near the edge of space, noctilucent clouds shine at night when the Sun's rays hit them from below while the lower atmosphere is bathed in darkness. Also known as Polar Mesospheric Clouds or PMCs, they typically form in the cold, summer polar mesosphere and are made of water ice crystals. In April 2007 the Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere (AIM) Mission was launched with the express purpose of studying noctilucent clouds. Note: Because of their high altitude, near...
Topics: Byrne, Clouds, Gonnelli, Noctilucent, Shuttle, Location, Polar, Location, Mesosphere, AIM,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10002
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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QUIKToms in orbit Note: QUIKToms in orbit Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topic: QuikTOMS
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10310
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This animation takes us into a spinning pulsar, with its strong magnetic field rotating along with it. Clouds of charged particles move along the field lines and their gamma-rays are beamed like a lighthouse beacon by the magnetic fields. As our line of sight moves into the beam, we see the pulsations once every rotation of the neutron star. Note: This animation shows gamma-rays from a pulsar Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Alice Harding (NASA/GSFC), Steven Ritz (NASA/GSFC)....
Topics: Gamma Ray, HDTV, Space science, Universe, Pulsar, GLAST, Space, Fermi, What -- Beacon, What --...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10205
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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POLAR looks at the polar aurora and sun-earth connection long term effects. Note: Polar Spacecraft in orbit Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: Polar Ice, What -- Polar, What -- Sun, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10307
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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The following animation helps to explain the dynamics of subglacial water exchange and what it looks like from space. Starting from an artist's concept of the Antarctic surface we move down to a cross section of the ice sheet with lakes hidden deep beneath. As pressure is exerted on one lake, the water in it is forced to an adjacent lake. This water movement results in elevation changes at the surface over both lakes, detectable by NASA satellites. The camera then moves to a 'top-down' view of...
Topics: Cryology, HDTV, Earth Science, Cryosphere, Glaciers/Ice Sheets, Glacier Elevation/Ice Sheet...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10108
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center/Conceptual Image Lab
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An artist concept of the spacecraft. The microwave instruments on board NOAA-N Prime are so sensitive that they can see Earth's surface through clouds. NOAA-N Prime will deliver essential atmospheric and surface parameters to use in scientific forecast models. N Prime provides essential critical information for creating accurate weather forecasts 2-3 days in advance. Note: Beauty pass of the NOAA-N Prime satellite. Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Silvia Stoyanova (UMBC)....
Topics: Atmospheric science, Climate, Geology, HDTV, Human geography, Hurricane, Natural hazards, Remote...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10373
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This animation is an update HD version of #010149 that starts at the Sun and pulls back to reveal the Heliosphere. Note: Journey to the Heliosphere Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: HDTV, Heliosphere, Solar System, Heliopause, IBEX, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10193
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Gas Purification Process - Most of the landfill gas purification process involves removing water. This animation shows four major steps to purifying the landfill gas for Goddard. First, placed throughout the landfill purification plant, filters sift out tiny trash particles and water. Second, a compressor squeezes out more water. Third, pipes cool gas drooling out even more water. Finally, the gas is reheated and transported to Goddard. Warm gas reduces moisture. Note: This animation shows four...
Topics: Earth Science, Atmosphere, Atmospheric Chemistry/Carbon and Hydrocarbon Compounds, Methane, Earth...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10087
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Animation shows the viewing path of an angular eclipse in June of 2002 Note: The shadow of the Moon projects on the Earth as a dark penumbra and an even darker umbra. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Solar Eclipse, What -- Moon, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10075
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Winds Of Death - It is the strong east to west winds that sustain La Nina. The winds cause cool waters to rise to the surface from the ocean depths. When the winds diminish, the supply of cool water is cut off and the ocean begins to warm. Note: This is the standard definition version of the La Nina Retreat animation MPEG. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI). Scientist: David Adamec (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Earth Science, Gonnelli, La Nina, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10048
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This animation shows the orbits of Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission, a Solar-Terrestrial Probe mission comprising of four identically instrumented spacecraft that will study the Earth's magnetosphere. Note: Animation of MMS mission orbital path. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Charles Petruzzo (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: Magnetospheric MultiScale Mission.
Topic: Magnetic Reconnection
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10105
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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NGTDRS - on orbit Note: NGTDRS in orbit Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topic: TDRS, Next Generation TDRS
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10309
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This animation shows the Earth's magnetosphere based on a magnetosphere model from the Community Coordinated Modeling Center at GSFC. Note: 3-D Anaglyph Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: HDTV, Magnetic Fields, Magnetosphere, Stereo Display, What -- STEREO, Where -- Goddard Space Flight...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10111
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Trash to Gas Process - Landfill gas provides all of the center's heating needs 95 percent of the time, with natural gas serving as the back up. Methane is a natural product of trash. In this animation, wells draw methane out of the landfill and feed it to an on site purification plant. Before Goddard started using the gas, all of it was burned off in a flare. Now, the gas is intercepted from the flare and directed to a purification plant where the gas is cleaned and sent to Goddard. Note: This...
Topics: Earth Science, Atmosphere, Atmospheric Chemistry/Carbon and Hydrocarbon Compounds, Methane, Earth...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10086
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This cut away of the Greenland ice sheet shows the high altitude accumulation region and the low altitude ablation (melt) zones. In a warming climate, both melting around the margins and precipitation in the interior increase, causing the ice sheet to grow in the middle and shrink at the edges. Note: This animation illustrates a cutaway of the high altitude accumulation zones and low altitude melt zones. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI), Cindy Starr (GST). Scientist: Waleed Abdalati (NASA/HQ)....
Topics: HDTV, Earth Science, Cryosphere, Glaciers/Ice Sheets, Glacier Mass Balance/Ice Sheet Mass Balance,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10152
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Mars does not have a single unified magnetic field like Earth. It has smaller, more fractured fields which cover the planet and have different intensities and polarities Note: Mars magnetic fields Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: Magnetic Fields, Mars, What -- Mars, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10295
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Methane is a simple compound made of carbon and hydroge. This gas comes from ordinary sources, like cattle herds and garbage dumps. On a planetary scale it also has a significant impact on climate. As it builds up in the atmosphere, it traps energy from the sun like a layer of insulation. Carbon dioxide does much the same thing-it causes global warming by trapping heat. But as experts struggle to curtail global climate change, a decrease of atmospheric methane might be easier to achieve than...
Topics: Global Warming, Earth Science, Atmosphere, Atmospheric Chemistry/Carbon and Hydrocarbon Compounds,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10085
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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MEDIUM RAINDROP ANIMATION - Interestingly, the splash of a medium sized raindrop does not trap bubbles underwater and is consequently quiet, much quieter than small raindrops. The only acoustic signal from these drops is a weak impact sound as it hits the ocean surface. The following animation is first simulated as a real-time raindrop and then slowed to demonstrate how it does not make a bubble under the water. Note: This is the standard definition version of the Medium Raindrop animation...
Topics: Earth Science, Gonnelli, Precipitation, Rain, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10053
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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WMAP is mapping the sky for radio based emissions Note: WMAP heading away from Earth Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: WMAP, What -- WMAP, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10308
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Animation of fragmented magnetic fields on Mars Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: Magnetic Fields, What -- Mars
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10173
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Note: This animation follows LRO as it moves along its orbit high above the lunar surface. Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Andrew Freeberg (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: LRO.
Topics: HDTV, Lunar, Moon, Satellite, Spacecraft, LRO, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, What -- Lunar...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10281