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NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 1,767

favorite 17

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Starting with a view of our Milky Way galaxy, the orange gas in the animation represents the interstellar medium. The bow shock is created because the heliosphere is moving through like a boat through the water, crashing through the interstellar gases. Note: Galaxy zoom Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Galaxy, Heliosphere, Interstellar medium, IBEX, Where -- Milky Way Galaxy
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10150
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 298

favorite 3

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This animation takes us into a spinning pulsar, with its strong magnetic field rotating along with it. Clouds of charged particles move along the field lines and their gamma-rays are beamed like a lighthouse beacon by the magnetic fields. As our line of sight moves into the beam, we see the pulsations once every rotation of the neutron star. Note: This animation shows gamma-rays from a pulsar Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Alice Harding (NASA/GSFC), Steven Ritz (NASA/GSFC)....
Topics: Gamma Ray, HDTV, Space science, Universe, Pulsar, GLAST, Space, Fermi, What -- Beacon, What --...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10205
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 136

favorite 3

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Energetic electrons and ions can get trapped in the Earth's geomagnetic field forming a toroidal region around the planet known as the radiation belts. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Earth, Geomagnetic Field, Space science, Radiation Belts, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10068
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 105

favorite 2

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Radio waves generated by terrrestrial lighting get propagated by electrons along the Earth's magnetic field lines and sweep high-energy electrons away from their path. This opens a 'Safe Zone' in the radiation belts. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: James Green (NASA/GSFC).
Topic: Lightning, Space science, Radiation Belts
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10067
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 210

favorite 1

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Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Art Poland (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Magnetosphere, Where -- Poland
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10071
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 3,147

favorite 3

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The Earth's layers of atmosphere differ in chemical composition and temperature. They combine to create a protective sheild that maintains our delicate energy balance essential for life on Earth. Most weather occures in the nearest layer, the troposphere (0-7 miles). The stratosphere is the level where jet airliners fly and the ozone layer resides (7-30 miles). Beyond that is the coldest part of the atmosphere, the mesosphere where only large helium balloons fly (30-50 miles). Finally, the...
Topics: Atmosphere, Byrne, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Layers, What -- Earth, What -- TIMED
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10014
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 519

favorite 4

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The Earth's layers of atmosphere differ in chemical composition and temperature. They combine to create a protective sheild that maintains our delicate energy balance essential for life on Earth. Most weather occures in the nearest layer, the troposphere (0-7 miles). The stratosphere is the level where jet airliners fly and the ozone layer resides (7-30 miles). Beyond that is the coldest part of the atmosphere, the mesosphere where only large helium balloons fly (30-50 miles). Finally, the...
Topics: Atmospheric science, Earth Science, Atmosphere, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10015
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 638

favorite 6

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This computer animation illustrates the Earth's space storm shield in action. The solar wind, a thin, high-velocity electrified gas, or plasma, blows constantly from the Sun at an average speed of 250 miles per second (400 kilometers/sec). It is represented as a stream of yellow particles flowing from the Sun. The solar wind impacts the Earth's magnetic field, represented by the blue lines. As the solar wind flows past the Earth's magnetic field, it generates enormous electric currents that...
Topics: Coronal Mass Ejection, Magnetic Fields, Magnetosphere, What -- Sun, What -- Earth, What -- Polar
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10076
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 264

favorite 1

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This animation shows a magnetic reconnection event with proton aurora data from the IMAGE spacecraft. Note: Proton aurora animation Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: Cluster, IMAGE.
Topic: Aurora, Magnetic Reconnection
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10106
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 956

favorite 3

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What would happen in 4 billion years when our sun begins heading toward supernova? Scientists theorize that our sun would grow in size and for a time become a red giant. These animations show the resulting effects on the planets of our solar system. Note: This animation shows the changing habitable zone as the sun expands to become a Red Giant. Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: Sun, Supernovae, Planets, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10297
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 129

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Electrons rain down from the Earth's radiation belts, exciting atoms into radiative states along the way. Note: Electrons collide with atoms sending them into radiative states. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Nicola Fox (Johns Hopkins University/APL), Art Poland (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Aurora, Where -- Poland
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10077
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 475

favorite 5

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Arctic Vortex - During winter, stratospheric winds (uppermost atmosphere) tend to form a vortex around the North Pole. These polar clouds lead to chemical reactions that affect the chemical form of chlorine in the stratosphere. In certain chemical forms, chlorine can deplete the ozone layer. Note: This is the standard definition version of the Arctic Vortex animation MPEG. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI). Scientist: Paul Newman (NASA/GSFC). Writer: Michael Starobin (HTSI).
Topics: Arctic Jetstream, Atmosphere, Byrne, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Ozone, Stratospheric Clouds,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10005
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 282

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Gamma rays are the highest-energy forms of light in the electromagnetic spectrum and they can have over a billion times the energy of the type of light visible to the human eye. Gamma rays can be created in several different ways: a high-energy particle can collide with another particle, a particle can collide and annihilate with its anti-particle, an element can undergo radioactive decay, or a charged particle can be accelerated. In this animation, we see a high-energy photon collide with a...
Topics: Gamma Ray, HDTV, Space science, Spectrum, Gamma Ray Burst, Astrophysics, Universe, GLAST,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10155
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 963

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This animation shows a graphical representation of the electromagnetic spectrum and includes - Radio Waves, Infrared, Visible, Ultraviolet, X-Rays and Gamma Rays Note: Electromagnetic Spectrum Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Editor: Rich Melnick (HTSI). Producer: Rich Melnick (HTSI).
Topic: Gamma Ray, HDTV, Electromagnetic Spectrum
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10282
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 2,219

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The 'greenhouse effect' is the warming of climate that results when the atmosphere traps heat radiating from Earth toward space. Certain gases in the atmosphere resemble glass in a greenhouse, allowing sunlight to pass into the 'greenhouse,' but blocking Earth's heat from escaping into space. The gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect include water vapor, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane, nitrous oxides, and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). On Earth, human activities are changing the natural...
Topics: Atmosphere, Carbon Dioxide, Climate, Earth Science, Global Warming, HDTV, Methane, Climate Change,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10156
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 399

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This animation starts at our Sun and quickly zooms out through the solar system to reveal the Heliosphere and the Heliopause where Voyager I passed through in November 2003. Note: Heliopause movie Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Eric Christian Ph.D. (NASA/HQ). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: Voyager.
Topics: Galaxy, Heliosphere, Interstellar medium, Sun, Solar System, Heliopause, Voyager, What -- Sun, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10149
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 102

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This animation shows El Nino's and La Nina's mulitiple personalites. The sequence begins with normal jet streams, normal sea surface temperatures, and normal wind patterns. The first change illustrates what occurs when a very strong El Nino strikes surface waters in the Central equatorial Pacific Ocean. Warm water anomalies (red) develop in the Central Pacific Ocean while normal westerly winds weaken and allow easterly winds to push the warm water up against the South American Coast. The second...
Topics: Earth Science, El Nino, Gonnelli, What -- Earth, Where -- Pacific Ocean
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10046
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 244

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Reigning on Earth's Climate - Only about 70% of the solar energy that reaches Earth is absorbed, while the other 30% is reflected back into space by atmosphere and aerosols, ocean/land and clouds. A closer view reveals a delicate balance between absorption and reflection as well as a release of energy by rocks, air and sea warming and emitting increasing amounts of thermal radiation (heat) in the form of long-wave infrared light. This radiation allows Earth to lose heat at the same rate it...
Topics: Earth Science, Sun-earth Interactions, Ionosphere/Magnetosphere Particles, Energy Deposition, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10100
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, The SeaWiFS Project and ORBIMAGE, Conceptual Image Lab. NOTE: All SeaWiFS images and data presented on this web site are for research and educational use only. All commercial use of SeaWiFS data must be coordinated with ORBIMAGE (http://www.orbimage.com).
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Deep Water Feast: Upwellings Bring Nutrients to The Surface- Large phytoplankton blooms tend to coincide with natural phenomena that drive cold, nutrient-rich water to the surface. The process is called upwelling. Here's what's happening: winds coming off principal land masses push surface layers of water away from the shore. Into the resulting wind-driven void deeper water underneath the surface layers rushes in toward the coast, bringing with it nutrients for life to bloom. It's different on...
Topics: Byrne, Coastal Water, Earth Science, El Nino, Gonnelli, La Nina, Ocean, Phytoplankton Blooms, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10019
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 227

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To some extent, geodesy is the study of the shape of the Earth. But it is also the study of how to find precise locations on the planet. As it relates to the study of sea level, geodesy becomes vital. The Earth is not a perfect shape and is constantly changing. Only through a very carefully constructed system of analysis can scientists achieve the necessary accuracy about the planet's shape (the so-called 'geoid') to make measurements of sea level from space. In this animation we look at how a...
Topics: Earth Science, Solid Earth, Geodetics/Gravity, Earth Science, Oceans, Sea Surface Topography, Sea...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10088
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 304

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This animation provides a close perspective of the relationship between ice and solar reflectivity. As glaciers, the polar caps, and icebergs (shown here) melt, less sunlight gets reflected into space. Instead, the oceans and land absorb the light, thus raising the overall temperature and adding energy to a vicious circle. Note: This is the standard definition version MPEG of the Ice Albedo(clean ice case) Animation. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI). Scientist: James Hansen (NASA/GSFC GISS)....
Topics: Albedo, Byrne, Earth Science, Global Warming, Gonnelli, HDTV, Ice, Melting, Pollution, Reflectance,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10022
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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This animation shows the James Webb Space Telescope in orbit. Note: JWST animation Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: JWST.
Topic: HDTV, JWST
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10178
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 236

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New studies show that the Sun's active regions -- areas of intense eruptions -- are formed from many small magnetic structures (white loops) that rise from deep within the interior, then pierce the surface to form sunspots (dark areas). These structures appear as giant arches when electrified gas (plasma) passes through their magnetic fields. Note: Magnetic field lines poke through the solar surface, producing sunspots and occasionally flares. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Coronal Mass Ejection, Earth Science, Sun-earth Interactions, Solar Activity, Solar Flares, Earth...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10074
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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eye 224

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GLAST's launch is scheduled for early 2008 from Cape Canaveral Air Station on Florida's eastern coast. GLAST will be carried on a Delta II Heavy launch vehicle, with 9 solid rocket boosters. The solids are actually from the Delta III series (hence the term 'heavy'), mounted on a Delta II. It has a 10-foot fairing and two stages. Stowed in the launch vehicle, the spacecraft is 9.2 feet (2.8 meters) high by 8.2 feet (2.5 meters) in diameter. Once deployed, GLAST becomes a little bit taller and...
Topics: Gamma Ray, HDTV, Satellite, Spacecraft, Space science, Gamma Ray Burst, Astrophysics, Universe,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10168
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Conceptual Image Lab, NASA/STScI, NASA
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eye 68

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Instruments added during SM4 will greatly expand the scientific power of the Hubble Space Telescope, putting Hubble at the 'apex' of its capabilities, adding improvement factors of 10-70 times in certain key performance areas.
Topics: Hubble Space Telescope, HST, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Apex, Where -- Goddard...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10318
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 282

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This is a conceptual animation showing how melting ice on land and at sea, can affect the surrounding ocean water, changing both the chemistry and relative sea level. Note: This is the standard definition version of the Ice Albedo-Close Up animation MPEG. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI). Scientist: Claire Parkinson (NASA/GSFC). Writer: Michael Starobin (HTSI), Sarah DeWitt (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Albedo, Byrne, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Ice, Reflectivity, Sea Ice, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10020
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 288

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This animation illustrates the dust storm caused by the drought in the 1930's. Note: This is the standard definition version of the Dust Storm animaiton MPEG. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI). Scientist: Siegfried D. Schubert (NASA/GSFC). Writer: Rani Chohan (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Byrne, Drought, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Precipitation, Sea Surface Temperature, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10034
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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QUIKToms in orbit Note: QUIKToms in orbit Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topic: QuikTOMS
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10310
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Note: Dead zones are areas of water so devoid of oxygen that sea life cannot live there. If phytoplankton productivity is enhanced by fertilizers or other nutrients, more organic matter is produced at the surface of the ocean. The organic matter sinks to the bottom, where bacteria break it down and release carbon dioxide. Bacteria thrives off excessive organic matter and absorb oxygen, the same oxygen that fish, crabs and other sea creatures rely on for life. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI)....
Topic: Gonnelli, Phytoplankton
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10056
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 842

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On Friday, 2008 August 01, a total eclipse of the Sun will be visible from within a narrow coridor that traverses half the Earth. This animation shows the Moon passing between the Earth and Sun. Note: Total Solar Eclipse Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Fred Espenak (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Earth, HDTV, Moon, Solar Eclipse, What -- Sun, What -- Earth, What -- Moon
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10219
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 86

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The ACE spacecraft withstanding a solar wind shockwave Note: Ace Spacecraft Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: ACE, What -- ACE
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10301
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 359

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Two views of a Neutron Star: First, a closeup view of a neutron star cycling before, during and after a gamma ray burst and second, crossing a Protoplanetary Nebula toward an elusive Neutron Star Note: HD 1280x720 - Approaching a Neutron Star across a Protoplanetary Nebula Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topic: Gamma Ray, HDTV, Neutron Star, Gamma Ray Burst, Stars, Neutron
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10300
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 318

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Methane is a simple compound made of carbon and hydroge. This gas comes from ordinary sources, like cattle herds and garbage dumps. On a planetary scale it also has a significant impact on climate. As it builds up in the atmosphere, it traps energy from the sun like a layer of insulation. Carbon dioxide does much the same thing-it causes global warming by trapping heat. But as experts struggle to curtail global climate change, a decrease of atmospheric methane might be easier to achieve than...
Topics: Global Warming, Earth Science, Atmosphere, Atmospheric Chemistry/Carbon and Hydrocarbon Compounds,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10085
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 360

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This animation shows sunpot migration over a 11 year solar cycle and indicates the features causing total solar irradiance variability. For a standard definition version of this animation, please go to
Topics: HDTV, Solar Cycle, Sun, Earth Science, Sun-earth Interactions, Solar Activity, Sunspots, What --...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10185
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Stills from the animation series, these 300dpi .tiff files are suitable for framing. Note: Print4 Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Stefanie Misztal (UMBC).
Topics: GLAST, What -- Gamma-Ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST)
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10313
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

eye 112

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Solar wind protons can breach the Earth's magnetic field through a magnetic reconnection event. Sometimes when this happens we see a (proton) aurora when the solar protons make it to the Earth's atmosphere. Note: Movie of solar protons breaching the magnetic shield through the reconnection event. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topic: Aurora, Magnetic Reconnection, Space science
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10039
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Animation compares the effects of La Nina and El Nino on the formation of Atlantic Hurricanes. El Nino tends to suppress the formation of hurricanes by steering the subtropical jet stream into the hurricanes' path and shearing off the tops of the storms before they develop into full intensity. During La Nina, the jet stream moves north, and hurricanes tend to more easily evolve without interference. Note: This is the standard definition version of the El Nino Hurricane Connection animation...
Topics: Earth Science, El Nino, Gonnelli, La Nina, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10047
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Violent events on the Sun can trigger waves much the same as earthquakes can trigger tsunamis on the Earth. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Solar Flare, Space science, Sun, What -- Sun, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10041
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Winds Of Death - It is the strong east to west winds that sustain La Nina. The winds cause cool waters to rise to the surface from the ocean depths. When the winds diminish, the supply of cool water is cut off and the ocean begins to warm. Note: This is the standard definition version of the La Nina Retreat animation MPEG. Animator: Susan Twardy (HTSI). Scientist: David Adamec (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Earth Science, Gonnelli, La Nina, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10048
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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A sucessor to TRMM, GPM will monitor global precipitation in various forms using a fleet of spacecraft, networked ground stations and integrated data processing centers. Note: GPM crossing the globe as it passes out of darkness Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Michael Starobin (HTSI).
Topics: GPM, Global Warming, HDTV, Precipitation, Water, What -- Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM)
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10293
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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SDO is designed to help us understand the Sun's influence on Earth and Near-Earth space by studying the solar atmosphere on small scales of space and time and in many wavelengths simultaneously. Note: This animation of the Solar Dynamics Observatory shows it above the earth as it faces toward the Sun. Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI), Ryan Zuber (UMBC). Scientist: William D. Pesnell (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: SDO.
Topics: HDTV, Spacecraft, Sun, SDO, What -- Earth, What -- Solar Dynamics Observatory, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10162
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Normal rainfall droplet creation involves water vapor condensing on particles in clouds. The droplets eventually coalesce together to form drops large enough to fall to Earth. However, as more and more pollution particles (aerosols) enter a rain cloud, the same amount of water becomes spread out. These smaller water droplets float with the air and are prevented from coalescing and growing large enough for a raindrop. Thus, the cloud yields less rainfall over the course of its liftime compared...
Topics: Aerosols, Byrne, Clouds, Condensation, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Pollution, Raindrop, Rainfall, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10010
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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As part of the ocean conveyor belt, warm water from the tropical Atlantic moves poleward near the surface where it gives up some of its heat to the atmosphere. This process partially moderates the cold temperatures at higher latitudes. As the warm water gives up its heat it becomes more dense and sinks. This circulation loop is closed as the cooled water makes its way slowly back toward the tropics at lower depths in the ocean. If the poles warm, it is possible that melt water from glaciers and...
Topics: Byrne, Climate, Earth Science, Global Warming, Gonnelli, Ice Age, Ocean Currents, What -- Polar,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10031
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Heating Up the Atmosphere (Animation) - When soot absorbs sunlight, it heats the air and reduces the amount of sunlight reaching the ground, cooling the Earth's surface. The heated air makes the atmosphere unstable, creating rising air (convection) that forms clouds and brings rainfall to regions that are heavily polluted. The increase of rising air is balanced by an increase in sinking air (subsidence) and drying. When air sinks, clouds and thus rain, cannot form creating dry conditions. Soot...
Topics: Atmosphere, Byrne, Carbon, Clouds, Convection, Earth Science Conceptual, Gonnelli, Pollution, Rain,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10003
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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MEDIUM RAINDROP ANIMATION - Interestingly, the splash of a medium sized raindrop does not trap bubbles underwater and is consequently quiet, much quieter than small raindrops. The only acoustic signal from these drops is a weak impact sound as it hits the ocean surface. The following animation is first simulated as a real-time raindrop and then slowed to demonstrate how it does not make a bubble under the water. Note: This is the standard definition version of the Medium Raindrop animation...
Topics: Earth Science, Gonnelli, Precipitation, Rain, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10053
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Three Contributing Factors for Rainfall Inhibition - Dust is only one of three types of aerosols which can inhibit rainfall. Previous studies have shown that aerosols from biomass burning (i.e. burning of plant material such as forests, grasslands, and agricultural waste) and aerosols from man-made pollution also contribute to disturbing the rainfall process. This animation highlights the power of these three factors vs. the normal conditions of the rainfall process. In this virtual world, a...
Topics: Aerosols, Byrne, Dust, Earth Science, Gonnelli, Pollution, Rainfall, Soot, Earth Science,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10027
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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The aerosonde will make continuous observation of the temperature, moisture, and wind structure of the near-surface hurricane environment providing real-time detailed observations to NOAA forecasters. Aerosonde and its sophisticated instruments will try to detect signals of rapid intensity changes in the hurricane. Enhancing this predictive capability would not only save our economy billions of dollars, but more importantly, it would save countless lives. Note: This animation illustrates the...
Topics: Atmospheric science, Gonnelli, HDTV, Hurricane, Natural hazards, Earth Science, Atmosphere,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10055
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
movies

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Black soot may contribute to melting glaciers and other ice on the planet and eventually a warmer Earth. Traveling potentially thousands of miles from its sources on air currents, this pollution eventually settles out of the air, onto land and into the oceans. On ice and snow, it darkens normally bright surfaces. Just as a white shirt keeps a person cooler in the summer than a black shirt, the vast stretches of polar ice covering much of the planet's top and bottom reflect large amounts of...
Topics: Byrne, Earth Science, Global Warming, Gonnelli, Ice Albedo, Pollution, Reflectance, Reflectivity,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10023
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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During the summer melt season, melt water accumulates in undulations on the surface of the Greenland ice sheet. Eventually, these melt lakes drain through crevasses or moulins (tunnels under the ice sheet surface), delivering water to the bottom of the ice sheet. This melt water lubricates the interface between the ice and the bedrock, causing the ice to flow faster toward the sea during summer. As summer melt increases and more melt water is available, the greater its effect on summer ice...
Topics: HDTV, Where -- Greenland
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10153
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Note: This animation tracks with LRO as it passes above a large lunar crater. Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Andrew Freeberg (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: LRO.
Topics: Crater, HDTV, Lunar, Moon, Satellite, Spacecraft, LRO, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, What -- Lunar...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10275
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Comet Encke data from STEREO Note: Comet Encke Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Angelos Vourlidas (NRL).
Topics: HDTV, What -- STEREO
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10177
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Solar - B Spacecraft goes into orbit to begin looking at the sun. It is specifically looking at solar magnetic fields and the origins of the solar wind. Note: a 360 degree tour around the Solar-B spacecraft as it hangs above the Earth Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: Solar Cycle, Solar Wind, Sun, What -- Sun, What -- Earth, What -- Hinode
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10299
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Reigning on Earth's Climate - Only about 70% of the solar energy that reaches Earth is absorbed, while the other 30% is reflected back into space by atmosphere and aerosols, ocean/land and clouds. A closer view reveals a delicate balance between absorption and reflection as well as a release of energy by rocks, air and sea warming and emitting increasing amounts of thermal radiation (heat) in the form of long-wave infrared light. This radiation allows Earth to lose heat at the same rate it...
Topics: Earth Science, Sun-earth Interactions, Ionosphere/Magnetosphere Particles, Energy Deposition, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10101
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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LARGE RAINDROP ANIMATION - For large and very large raindrops, the splash becomes energetic enough to create a wide range of bubble sizes trapped underwater, which produces a loud sound relatively low in frequency. The following animation is first simulated as a real-time large raindrop, and then slowed down to demonstrate the distinct sound of impact and the subsequent ring of the lower frequency sound made by the bubble. Note: This is the standard definition version of the Large Raindrop...
Topics: Earth Science, Gonnelli, Precipitation, Rain, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10054
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This simplistic animation shows the concept of 3d imaging of the SUN with the STEREO spacecraft. Note: How do the STEREO spacecraft make 3D images? Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: HDTV, What -- Sun, What -- STEREO
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10113
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This animation shows how gamma rays possibly form in Active Galactic Nuclei. Note: AGN animation Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Producer: Deanna Kekesi (NASA/GSFC). Scientist: Julie McEnery (NASA/GSFC), Steven Ritz (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: Fermi/LAT.
Topics: Gamma Ray, HDTV, Space science, Black Hole, Active Galaxy, Universe, GLAST, Space, Fermi, What --...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10200
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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A burst of fast material from the Sun generates magnetic reconnection events in the Earth's magnetic field. This eventually sends high-speed electrons and protons into the Earth's upper atmosphere to form aurora. Note: View the impact of a coronal mass ejection against the Earth's magnetic field. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: 3D Unstructured-mesh Magnetosphere Simulation.
Topics: Aurora, Coronal Mass Ejection, Electron, Geomagnetic Field, Magnetic Fields, Magnetosphere, Space...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10059
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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NGTDRS - on orbit Note: NGTDRS in orbit Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topic: TDRS, Next Generation TDRS
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10309
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center /Conceptual Image Lab
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A 720 degree spin of the LRO spacecraft including both a version with the scientific instruments labeled and without labels. Note: A 720 degree spin of LRO with labels on the 6 major instruments and Mini-RF technology demonstration. Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Andrew Freeberg (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: LRO.
Topics: HDTV, Instrument, Lunar, Moon, Satellite, Spacecraft, LRO, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10279
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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WMAP is mapping the sky for radio based emissions Note: WMAP heading away from Earth Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topics: WMAP, What -- WMAP, What -- Earth
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10308
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Electrons travel along the Earth's magnetic field lines, occasionally making it to the Earth's atmosphere. This animation is part of a larger animation. Note: Electrons travel along the magnetic field lines to the Earth's atmosphere. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Nicola Fox (Johns Hopkins University/APL), Art Poland (NASA/GSFC).
Topics: Magnetosphere, Where -- Poland
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10078
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Still from the animation series - 300dpi .tiff file - Suitable for framing. Note: Lisa - 3 satellites in orbit Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topic: LISA
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10314
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Note: Chipsat passes along the equator Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI).
Topic: CHIPSat
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10302
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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The Water Cycle - Water falling from summer storm clouds onto a field of wheat today will someday fall again somewhere else. This is the essence of the water cycle. The first step in the cycle is evaporation. Heated by sunlight, liquid water turns to vapor and enters the atmosphere. Another source of atmospheric water vapor is the respiratory process of plants. Vapor leaves plants through tiny pores called stomata. This process is called transpiration. As moist air ascends into the atmosphere...
Topics: Byrne, Condensation, Earth Science, Evaporation, Gonnelli, Precipitation, Rain, Transpiration,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10016
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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A close-up animation of the Venus transit. Note: A close-up view of the Venus transit. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Space science, Sun, Transit, Venus, What -- Venus, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10043
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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The following animation helps to explain the dynamics of subglacial water exchange and what it looks like from space. Starting from an artist's concept of the Antarctic surface we move down to a cross section of the ice sheet with lakes hidden deep beneath. As pressure is exerted on one lake, the water in it is forced to an adjacent lake. This water movement results in elevation changes at the surface over both lakes, detectable by NASA satellites. The camera then moves to a 'top-down' view of...
Topics: Cryology, HDTV, Earth Science, Cryosphere, Glaciers/Ice Sheets, Glacier Elevation/Ice Sheet...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10108
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This animation shows the orbits of Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission, a Solar-Terrestrial Probe mission comprising of four identically instrumented spacecraft that will study the Earth's magnetosphere. Note: Animation of MMS mission orbital path. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Charles Petruzzo (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: Magnetospheric MultiScale Mission.
Topic: Magnetic Reconnection
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10105
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This is a closer view of Comet Encke's collision with a Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) as seen by the STEREO satellite on April 20, 2007. The collision is notable because it completely removed Encke's tail. The blue color here is a gradient added to help make the comet and CME more visible. Note: Closeup of Comet Encke Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Angelos Vourlidas (NRL). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: STEREO.
Topics: Comet, Coronal Mass Ejection, Sun, Solar System, Comet Encke, What -- STEREO, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10176
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This animation shows how Comet Encke interacts with the Solar Magnetic field and how it's tail is stripped away by a CME. Note: Comet Encke and Solar magnetic Fields Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Angelos Vourlidas (NRL).
Topics: CME, Comet, HDTV, Magnetic Fields, Sun, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10175
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Like fans doing the wave at a stadium, large cell-like features called supergranules are moving in a vertical motion, giving the illusion of the solar surface rotating faster than the Sun. Note: The sun surface in motion. Large cell-like features on the Sun called supergranules are seen as white stripes. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: SOHO.
Topics: Sun, Earth Science, Sun-earth Interactions, Solar Activity, Solar Imagery, Solar Granulation, What...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10079
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Note: This animated sequence takes a view from inside a large crater as LRO passes overhead. Animator: Chris Meaney (HTSI). Producer: Andrew Freeberg (NASA/GSFC). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: LRO.
Topics: Crater, HDTV, Lunar, Moon, Satellite, Spacecraft, LRO, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10277
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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THEMIS observations confirm for the first time that magnetic reconnection in the magnetotail triggers the onset of substorms. Substorms are the sudden violent eruptions of space weather that release solar energy trapped in the Earth's magnetic field. Note: THEMIS reconnection animation Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI). Scientist: Vassilis Angelopoulos (University of California, Berkeley). Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets: THEMIS.
Topics: Aurora, HDTV, Magnetic Reconnection, THEMIS, What -- THEMIS, Where -- California
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10267
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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Understanding the variability of the density of ocean water is critical to understanding changes in the ocean's circulation, particularly those parts of the circulation that pertain to climate. In the tropics, the sun warms the surface water and causes that water to expand. Because the surface water is now less dense than the cooler water below, the warmest waters remain near the surface. Near the poles, the energy input by the sun is not as strong, and the surface waters are not warmed to the...
Topics: Climate, Earth Science, Oceans, Salinity/Density, Earth Science, Oceans, Ocean Circulation,...
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10092
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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A coronal mass ejection (CME) passes the Voyager spacecraft far beyond Pluto. Note: The CME hits the Voyager spacecraft. Animator: Walt Feimer (HTSI).
Topics: Coronal Mass Ejection, HDTV, Space science, Sun, What -- Voyager, What -- Pluto, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10044
NASA Images
by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab
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This animation shows solar activity over a 11 year cycle. For a high definition version of this animation, please go to
Topics: Earth Science, Sun-earth Interactions, Solar Activity, Sunspots, What -- Earth, What -- Sun
Source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10151