The anthem of the Popular Liberation Army (Ejército Popular de Liberación), a Colombian guerrilla group initially of Maoist orientation and later siding with Albania in the Sino-Albanian split. It was the fourth-largest of the main four guerrilla groups in Colombia during the Cold War, behind the FARC, M-19, and ELN, working together with them as part of the Simón Bolívar Guerrilla Coordinating Board. Much of the EPL demobilised in 1991, but a faction of dissidents continues to fight to this day much like the FARC dissidents.
The melody of this anthem is based on a Colombian naval song called "Canción del Pirata" ("Song of the Pirate"). It was formerly used as the anthem of the FARC before being replaced in 1984 by the FARC's modern anthem. The EPL proceeded to alter the lyrics slightly, changing the line "De Galán Tengo el odio a los amos, y el coraje de Tulio Barón" ("From Galán I have hatred of masters, and courage from Tulio Barón") to "De Galán tengo el odio a los amos, el coraje de Vasquez Rendón y el coraje de Pedro León" ("From Galán I have hatred of masters, courage from Vasquez Rendón, and courage from Pedro León") to honour the founders of the EPL and PCdeC-ML. Additionally, the line "¡Vivan las FARC!" is repeated twice between each stanza in the original version and seems to have simply been removed in the EPL's version.
Composer: "an anonymous author" («de autor anónimo») Year composed: 1934-1947 Lyricist: Arturo Álape / Comandante Olimpo Year written: ~1960s (FARC version), 1984 (updated EPL lyrics) Image: Press conference of the EPL in Colombia in February 1988.