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NASA Images
by NASA
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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. On this mission, the Space Shuttle Challenger's payload bay carried an Inertial Upper Stage (IUS) rocket that was to launch an attached Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) from space. Search and recovery teams lifted pieces of the 40,000- pound IUS/TDRS from the Atlantic Ocean. Although the pieces were badly...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00007.html
NASA Images
image

eye 8,819

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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. Among other debris found in the ocean, search and recovery teams located this piece of the right vertical stabilizer. Although the stabilizer's surface suffered some heat discoloration and burns, the inner aluminum structure showed no signs of having melted. Investigators found various pieces of material from other...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00005.html
NASA Images
by I. Snegirev
image

eye 13,685

favorite 3

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The original 1960 group of cosmonauts is shown in a photo from May 1961 at the seaside port of Sochi. The names of many of these men were considered state secrets for more than twenty-five years. Sitting in front from left to right: Pavel Popovich, Viktor Gorbatko, Yevgeniy Khrunov, Yuri Gagarin, Chief Designer Sergey Korolev, his wife Nina Koroleva with Popovich's daughter Natasha, Cosmonaut Training Center Director Yevgeniy Karpov, parachute trainer Nikolay Nikitin, and physician Yevgeniy...
Topics: Soviet People-Cosmonauts, Soviet People-Pioneers, Who -- Pavel Popovich, Who -- Viktor Gorbatko,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000167.html
NASA Images
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eye 13,577

favorite 5

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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. Using submarines and sonar, among other equipment, to scan the ocean floor for debris, search and recovery teams located many pieces of the Shuttle. Shown here is the forward skirt of the right Solid Rocket Booster (SRB), which transfers thrust loads from the SRB to the External Tank and contains much of the SRB's...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00006.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 17,437

favorite 5

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Sputnik 2 is shown with its unique payload shroud at the launch pad at Tyura-Tam on November 3, 1957. Warm air was piped into the capsule to keep the dog Layka, the first living being to reach orbit, comfortable amid the freezing temperatures. Rising temperatures due to thermal control problems killed Layka on the fourth day of the mission. Publication information: Image from the files of Peter Gorin. Image and caption from Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945-1974...
Topics: Rocket Launches, Soviet Launch Vehicles, What -- Sputnik 2
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000182.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image

eye 11,189

favorite 14

comment 1

An early space station concept drawing. The station was designed as a laboratory to study the physical and behavioral effects of prolonged space flight, and could have possibly been crewed by 50 people. This particular image appeared in the 1959 Space The New Frontier brochure produced by NASA.
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Topic: space station concepts
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00112.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 1,040

favorite 2

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At 9:32 a.m. EDT, the swing arms move away and a plume of flame signals the liftoff of the Apollo 11 Saturn V space vehicle and astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins and Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr. from Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39A.
Topics: Apollo 11, Rocket Launches, Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000629.html
NASA Images
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eye 9,664

favorite 6

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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. Search and recovery teams lifted the Space Shuttle Main Engines (SSME) from the ocean after the accident and brought them to a storage building in Kennedy Space Center's Complex 39. Although impact with the ocean damaged some valves, the positions of others suggest that the SSME continued to operate until the...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00008.html
NASA Images
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eye 3,210

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On December 17, 1903, at 10:30 am at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, this airplane arose for a few seconds to make the first powered, heavier-than-air controlled flight in history. The first flight lasted 12 seconds and flew a distance of 120 feet. Orville Wright piloted the historic flight while his brother, Wilbur, observed. The brothers took three other flights that day, each flight lasting longer than the other with the final flight going a distance of 852 feet in 59 seconds. This flight was...
Topics: Unique Aircraft, Early Aerospace-Pioneers, Where -- North Carolina
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000128.html
NASA Images
by NASA/Apollo
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eye 16,428

favorite 9

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This oblique view of the Moon's surface was photographed by the Apollo 10 astronauts in May of 1969. Center point coordinates are located at 16 degrees, 2 minutes east longitude and 0 degrees, 3 minutes north latitude. One of the Apollo 10 astronauts attached a 250mm lens and aimed a handheld 70mm camera at the surface from lunar orbit for a series of pictures in this area.
Topics: Earths Moon, Apollo 10, What -- Apollo 10
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001485.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 12,172

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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. After the accident, search and recovery teams worked for months to bring debris from Shuttle to impoundment areas at the Kennedy Space Center and the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, where reconstruction teams separated the pieces of the orbiter from those of the External Tank and the Solid Rocket Boosters. Taped...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00002.html
NASA Images
by NASA/Edwin E. Buzz Aldrin
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eye 1,983

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Astronaut Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., Lunar Module pilot, is photographed during the Apollo 11 extravehicular activity (EVA) on the lunar surface. In the right background is the Lunar Module "Eagle." On Aldrin's right is the Solar Wind Composition (SWC) experiment already deployed. This photograph was taken by Neil A. Armstrong with a 70mm lunar surface camera.
Topics: Apollo 11, EVAs-Moonwalk, Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, What -- Apollo 11
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001211.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 4,669

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Robert H. Goddard with vacuum tube apparatus he built in 1916 to research rocket efficiency. Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard is commonly referred to as the father of American rocketry. The same year he built the apparatus, Goddard wrote a study requesting funding from the Smithsonian Institution so that he could continue his rocket research, which he had begun in 1907 while still a student at Worcester Polytechnic Institute. A brilliant physicist, with a unique genius for invention, Goddard may...
Topic: Rocket Propulsion
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001338.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 5,598

favorite 1

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On October 5, 1993, Langley's F-16XL High Lift jet was rolled out with a dynamic yellow and black paint job for Aero-Dynamic Flow Studies in High Speed Research.
Topic: Unique Aircraft
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001925.html
NASA Images
by NASA,
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eye 613

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Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have obtained images of the strikingly unusual planetary nebula, NGC 6751. Glowing in the constellation Aquila like a giant eye, the nebula is a cloud of gas ejected several thousand years ago from the hot star visible in its center. The Hubble observations were obtained in 1998 with the Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2) by a team of astronomers led by Arsen Hajian of the U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington, DC. The Hubble Heritage team,...
Topics: Deep Space Studies, Hubble, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Constellation, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000891.html
NASA Images
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eye 10,163

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This montage of images taken by the Voyager spacecraft of the planets and four of Jupiter's moons is set against a false-color Rosette Nebula with Earth's moon in the foreground. Studying and mapping Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and many of their moons, Voyager provided scientists with better images and data than they had ever had before or expected from the program. Although launched sixteen days after Voyager 2, Voyager 1's trajectory was a faster path, arriving at Jupiter in March 1979....
Topics: Planetary Astronomy, Voyager-Galileo, What -- Voyager 1, What -- Moon, What -- Jupiter, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-000006.html
NASA Images
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eye 33,075

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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. After the accident, search and recovery teams worked for months to bring debris from the Shuttle to impoundment areas at the Kennedy Space Center and the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, where reconstruction teams separated the pieces of the Orbiter from those of the External Tank (ET) and the Solid Rocket Boosters...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00003.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 1,127

favorite 0

comment 0

Hermann Oberth (1894-1989) is considered to be one of the top three pioneers in modern rocketry and is credited with suggesting that space stations would be essential if humans wished to travel to other planets. Oberth was the only one out of the three (Konstantin Tsiolkovsky and Robert Goddard are the other two) to see human spaceflight come to fruition. He was inspired by the tales of Jules Verne in From the Earth to the Moon and Travel to the Moon. He is also the author of Die Rakete zu den...
Topics: Space-Station Concepts, International Space Station, Early Aerospace Pioneers, What -- Jules Verne,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00099.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 13,465

favorite 8

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The 363-foot tall Apollo 15 Saturn V is launched from Pad A, Launch Complex 39, Kennedy Space Center, Florida, at 9:34:00.79 a.m., July 26, 1971, on a lunar landing mission. Note that the launch is reflected in a body of water across from the launch complex.
Topics: Rocket Launches, Apollo 15, What -- Apollo 15, What -- Saturn, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC),...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001115.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 3,181

favorite 7

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A giant photo map of the contiguous 48 states of the United States, the first ever assembled from satellite images, completed for NASA by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Soil Conservation Service Cartographic Division. The map is 10 by 16 feet, is composed of 595 cloud-free black-and-white images returned from NASA's first Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS-1). The images were all taken at the same altitude (912 kilometers: 560 miles) and the same lighting angle. The images were...
Topics: Earth Science, What -- Earth, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00031.html
NASA Images
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eye 3,803

favorite 11

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The first African-American woman in space, Dr. Mae C. Jemison was born on October 17, 1956 in Decatur, Alabama but considers Chicago, Illinois her hometown. She received a Bachelor in Chemical Engineering (and completed the requirements for a Bachelor in African and Afro-American studies) at Stanford University in 1977. Dr. Jemison also received a Doctorate degree in medicine from Cornell University in 1981. After medical school she did post graduate medical training at the Los Angeles County...
Topics: Astronauts, Women, What -- STS-47, What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Chicago, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00020.html
NASA Images
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eye 11,210

favorite 3

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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. Among over forty other pieces of Space Shuttle Challenger's Solid Rocket Boosters (SRB), search and recovery teams located this joint from the right hand side, which retained traces of O-ring seal tracks. Samples of the track material underwent chemical analysis that indicated that they were not composed of degraded...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00010.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image

eye 1,108

favorite 4

comment 0

A drawing of the VR-190, the first Soviet conception of a piloted spacecraft in the post World War II era. Conceived by Mikhail Tikhonravov at Scientific Research Institute No. 1 (NII-1) in 1945, the VR-190 would carry two "stratonauts" strapped in an upright position on a 200-kilometer "hop" into the upper atmosphere. Many design innovations from the project were later used in the 1060s-era spacecraft, such as Voskhod and Soyuz. Publication information: Image from the files...
Topic: Soviet-Spacecraft
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000162.html
NASA Images
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eye 5,703

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View of the debris from the Space Shuttle Columbia in the hangar at Barksdale Air Force Base in Shreveport, Louisiana. The debris was collected and cataloged prior to shipment to the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [ http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GRINColumbiaGenExpl.html ]
Topics: Columbia STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00075.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 6,268

favorite 14

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Flying board Voyagers 1 and 2 are identical "golden" records, carrying the story of Earth far into deep space. The 12 inch gold-plated copper discs contain greetings in 60 languages, samples of music from different cultures and eras, and natural and man-made sounds from Earth. They also contain electronic information that an advanced technological civilization could convert into diagrams and photographs. The cover of each gold plated aluminum jacket, designed to protect the record...
Topics: Voyager-Galileo, What -- Earth, What -- Voyager, Where -- Black Sea
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001976.html
NASA Images
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eye 7,603

favorite 11

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Astronaut Buzz Aldrin, lunar module pilot of the first lunar landing mission, poses for a photograph beside the deployed United States flag during an Apollo 11 Extravehicular Activity (EVA) on the lunar surface. The Lunar Module (LM) is on the left, and the footprints of the astronauts are clearly visible in the soil of the Moon. Astronaut Neil A. Armstrong, commander, took this picture with a 70mm Hasselblad lunar surface camera. While astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin descended in the LM, the...
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Topics: Astronauts, Apollo 11, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2001-000012.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 4,412

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First designed in 1959, this NASA seal has commonly been known as the "meatball" logo. After an official seal was designed, this emblem proposed by James Modarelli, the head of Lewis? Research Reports Division, was used as the more informal of the two. The sphere represents a planet, the stars symbolize space, and the red chevron signifies aeronautics (the latest design in hypersonic wings in 1959) with an orbiting spacecraft around the wing. Please see NASA "Meatball" Logo...
Topic: Miscellaneous
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000195.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 483

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On November 9, 1967, Apollo 4, the first test flight of the Apollo/Saturn V space vehicle, was launched from Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39. This was an unmanned test flight intended to prove that the complex Saturn V rocket could perform its requirements. All three stages separated successfully and their engines performed as planned. The third stage also restarted in orbit, which was a requirement for lunar missions. At the end of the flight, the unmanned Apollo spacecraft reentered...
Topics: Rocket Launches, Saturn V, What -- Apollo 4, What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Kennedy Space...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000044.html
NASA Images
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eye 5,999

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A close-up of Dr. Robert H. Goddard's gyroscope and associated parts used in the stabilization of the rocket tested April 19, 1932, in New Mexico. The rocket was also painted to show whether revolution about its axis occurred during flight. Dr. Goddard has been recognized as the father of American rocketry and as one of the pioneers in the theoretical exploration of space. Robert Hutchings Goddard, born in Worcester, Massachusetts, on October 5, 1882, was theoretical scientist as well as...
Topics: VIPs-People at NASA-NACA, Rocket Launches, Where -- New Mexico, Where -- Massachusetts, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000137.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 1,512

favorite 3

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The Sputnik 1 (PS-1) satellite is shown here on a rigging truck in the assembly shop in the fall of 1957 as a technician puts finishing touches on it. When the development of the first advanced scientific satellite, Object D, proved to be more difficult than expected, the Soviets decided to launch a simpler, smaller satellite. PS-1, or Sputnik 1, began development in November 1956. The pressurized sphere made of aluminum alloy had five primary scientific objectives: 1. Test the method of...
Topics: Earth Science, Soviet-Spacecraft, What -- Sputnik 1, What -- Earth, Where -- United States of...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000166.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 743

favorite 2

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This is a model of the complete Spiral system on display. The high-speed 50-50 carrier aircraft would have returned to an airport after accelerating its combined payload to a velocity of about Mach 5-6. The actual Spiral spaceplane is mounted on top of the carrier's fuselage backed by a two-stage cylindrical rocket at its base. Spiral was a combination of aviation and rocket technology, a three-component craft made of a hypersonic booster-aircraft, a booster rocket and orbital aircraft. Similar...
Topics: Aeronautical Research, Soviet Aeronautics, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000185.html
NASA Images
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eye 6,628

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This shows the evolution of Soviet space launch vehicles in the early years. From the left are the R-7 ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile), the Sputnik launcher, the Vostok launcher, and the Soyuz launcher. Publication information: Image under copyright by Peter Gorin. Image and caption from Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945- 1974 (NASA SP-2000-4408) by Asif A. Siddiqi. Please note that the image number assigned to this image is not an official NASA number. It...
Topic: Soviet Launch Vehicles
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000184.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 639

favorite 1

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Commander Philip Eldredge Jerauld (at microphone), ship's chaplain for U.S.S. Iwo Jima, offers a prayer of thanks for the safe return of the Apollo 13 crew members soon after they arrived aboard the recovery ship. Standing in the center of the picture, from the left, are astronauts James A. Lovell Jr., Commander; Fred W. Haise Jr., Lunar Module Pilot; and John L. Swigert Jr., Command Module Pilot. The Apollo 13 Command Module "Odyssey" splashed down at 12:07:44 p.m. (CST), April 17,...
Topics: Apollo 13, What -- Apollo 13
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001318.html
NASA Images
by NASA, A.Fruchter, ERO Team, STScI
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eye 746

favorite 6

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In its first glimpse of the heavens following the successful December 1999 servicing mission, NASA's Hubble Space Telescope captured a majestic view of a planetary nebula, the glowing remains of a dying, Sun-like star. This stellar relic, first spied by William Herschel in 1787, is nicknamed the "Eskimo" Nebula (NGC 2392) because, when viewed through ground-based telescopes, it resembles a face surrounded by a fur parka. In this Hubble telescope image, the "parka" is really...
Topics: Deep Space Studies, Hubble, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Sun, What -- FAST, What...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000882.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 3,310

favorite 8

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View of the Earth as seen by the Apollo 17 crew traveling toward the Moon. This translunar coast photograph extends from the Mediterranean Sea area to the Antarctica South polar ice cap. This is the first time the Apollo trajectory made it possible to photograph the South polar ice cap. Note the heavy cloud cover in the Southern Hemisphere. Almost the entire coastline of Africa is clearly visible. The Arabian Peninsula can be seen at the Northeastern edge of Africa. The large island off the...
Topics: Earth Science, Apollo 17, What -- Earth, What -- Apollo 17, What -- Moon, What -- Polar, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001138.html
NASA Images
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eye 4,069

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In 1985, a British scientist working in Antarctica discovered a 40 percent loss in the ozone layer over the continent. When Goddard Space Flight Center researchers reviewed their data, they confirmed the ozone loss. Since then, scientists have relied on instrumentation developed by Goddard to keep track of the environmental phenomenon, which in the 1990s prompted a worldwide ban on chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), a chemical used for refrigeration and other industrial uses. In this image, the...
Topics: Planet-Earth, Earth Science, What -- Sun, Where -- Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000117.html
NASA Images
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eye 31,522

favorite 5

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Two N1 Moon rockets appear on the pads at Tyura-Tam in early July 1969. The N1 was designed for the Soviet space program human lunar missions. In the foreground is booster number 5L with a functional payload for a lunar-orbiting mission. In the background is the IMI ground test mock-up of the N1 for rehearsing parallel launch operations. After take-off the rocket collapsed back onto the pad, destroying the entire pad area in a massive explosion. Publication information: Image from the files of...
Topics: Rocket Launches, Soviet Launch Vehicles, What -- Moon
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000188.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 2,385

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Sergey Korolev, founder of the Soviet space program, in July 1954 with a dog that just returned to Earth after a lob to an altitude of 100 kilometers on an R-1D scientific rocket. In 1951, the Soviet Union became the first country to safely recover a living organism after a flight in space. In 1957, a dog, Layka, became the first living organism to reach Earth's orbit. Traveling aboard Sputnik 2, rising temperatures due to thermal control problems killed Layka on the fourth day of the mission....
Topics: Soviet People-Pioneers, What -- Earth, What -- Sputnik 2
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000163.html
NASA Images
by USAF
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eye 325

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NASA test pilot Neil Armstrong is seen here next to the X-15 ship #1 (56-6670) after a research flight. The X-15 was a rocket-powered aircraft 50 feet long with a wingspan of 22 feet. It was a missile- shaped vehicle with an unusual wedge-shaped vertical tail, thin stubby wings, and unique side fairings that extended along the side of the fuselage.
Topics: Astronauts, X-Series Aircraft, Top 20 Dryden Aircraft, Who -- Neil A. Armstrong
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000125.html
NASA Images
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eye 3,035

favorite 5

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This digital mosaic of cloud pictures was taken by the Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA) 5 satellite on September 14, 1967. It shows more than a dozen storm areas, including hurricanes Beulah, Dora, Chloe, Monica, and Nannette. The picture signals, received in analog form from the satellite, were sampled at short time intervals, and numbers were assigned according to the brightness indicated by the basic signal. The computer then located each digital value and precise map...
Topics: Earth Science, What -- ESSA 5, Where -- Florida
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00024.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 488

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comment 0

A NASA Project Mercury spacecraft was test launched at 11:15 AM EST on April 25, 1961 from Cape Canaveral, Florida, in a test designed to qualify the Mercury Spacecraft and all systems, which must function during orbit and reentry from orbit. The Mercury-Atlas vehicle was destroyed by Range Safety Officer about 40 seconds after liftoff. The spacecraft was recovered and appeared to be in good condition. Atlas was designed to launch payloads into low Earth orbit, geosynchronous transfer orbit or...
Topics: Rocket Launches, Atlas, What -- Mercury, What -- Atlas, What -- Earth, What -- SCORE, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00042.html
NASA Images
by NASA, Bruce Balick University of Washingtom, Vincent Icke Leiden
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eye 2,138

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M2-9 is a striking example of a "butterfly" or a bipolar planetary nebula. Another more revealing name might be the "Twin Jet Nebula." If the nebula is sliced across the star, each side of it appears much like a pair of exhausts from jet engines. Indeed, because of the nebula's shape and the measured velocity of the gas, in excess of 200 miles per second, astronomers believe that the description as a super-super-sonic jet exhaust is quite apt. This is much the same process...
Topics: Deep Space Studies, Hubble, What -- Constellation, What -- Camera 2
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000953.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image

eye 1,444

favorite 0

comment 0

Captured at Akutan Island, Alaska, in August 1942. This Mitsubishi A6M2 fighter was the first "Zero" to fall intact into Allied hands during WW II. After limited flying on the West Coast, the "Zero" arrived at Langley for installation of test equipment prior to in-depth flight testing by the Navy at Patuxent River, Maryland.
Topics: NACA-LaRC, Where -- Alaska, Where -- Maryland
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001245.html
NASA Images
by NASA, Jeff Hester and Paul Scowen Arizona State University
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eye 1,013

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These eerie, dark pillar-like structures are columns of cool interstellar hydrogen gas and dust that are also incubators for new stars. The pillars protrude from the interior wall of a dark molecular cloud like stalagmites from the floor of a cavern. They are part of the "Eagle Nebula" (also called M16 -- the 16th object in Charles Messier's 18th century catalog of "fuzzy" objects that aren't comets), a nearby star-forming region 7,000 light-years away in the constellation...
Topics: Deep Space Studies, Hubble, What -- COMETS, What -- Constellation, What -- Serpens, What -- Hubble...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000987.html
NASA Images
by Sergey N. Khrushchev
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eye 1,006

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Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev appears in this photo probably dating from the Vostok 3/4 mission in August 1962. During his visit to the Simferpol control center in Crimea, he personally spoke to both cosmonauts Andrian Nikolayev and Pavel Popovich in orbit. On the right is Maj. General Pavel A. Agadzhanov, the lead flight director of Soviet piloted space missions in the 1960s. Publication information: Image from the files of Asif Siddiqi. Image and caption from Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet...
Topics: Soviet People-Cosmonauts, Soviet People-Pioneers, Who -- Andrian Nikolayev, Who -- Pavel Popovich,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000175.html
NASA Images
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eye 3,819

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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. After investigators concluded their report on the accident, the debris was moved from Kennedy Space Center's Complex 39 to permanent storage in two secure abandoned Minuteman Missile silos at Complex 31 on the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00014.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 4,550

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A vantage point from far above yields a dramatic view of an orbiter being demated from its stack inside the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB). The approximately 171,000 pound (77,566 kilogram) Orbiter is being hoisted by crane up and away from the 184 foot (56 meter) tall external tank/solid rocket booster stack. The vehicle will be tilted to fit through an opening 190 feet (58 meters) above the ground, then lowered to the VAB transfer aisle and installed atop the orbiter transporter. This...
Topics: Space Shuttle, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-79
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000782.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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One of two initial U.S. Air Force SR-71A reconnaissance aircraft that was retired from operational service and loaned to NASA for high-speed research programs arrives at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. The aircraft deployed its drag chute even before its nose gear touches the runway at the end of a 1990 research flight. Dryden flew three YF-12 aircraft, prototypes of the triple-sonic SR-71s, in an earlier supersonic research program between 1969 and 1979.
Topics: Unique Aircraft, Top 20 Dryden Aircraft, Where -- Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC), Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001944.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 1,130

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The X-29 Flight Research Aircraft features one of the most unusual designs in aviation history. Demonstrating forward swept wing technology, this aircraft investigated numerous advanced aviation concepts and technologies. The fighter-size X-29 explored the use of advanced composites in aircraft construction, variable camber wing surfaces, an unique forward-swept-wing and its thin supercritical airfoil, and strake flaps. The X-29 also demonstrated three specific aerodynamic effects:canard...
Topics: X-Series Aircraft, Top 20 Dryden Aircraft, What -- WIRE
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000193.html
NASA Images
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Born on January 26, 1892 in Atlanta, Texas to a family of sharecroppers, Bessie Coleman grew up in poverty. Her father abandoned the family when she was nine, and her elder brothers soon left as well, leaving her mother with the four youngest of her thirteen children. While taking care of her younger sisters, Bessie completed all eight available years of primary education, excelling in math. She enrolled at the Colored Agricultural and Normal University in Langston, Oklahoma in 1910, but lack...
Topics: Women, Early Aerospace-Pioneers, Where -- Atlanta, Where -- Texas, Where -- Oklahoma, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00027.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 1,833

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This photograph taken on December 15, 1965 shows the Gemini 7 spacecraft as it was observed from the hatch window of the Gemini 6 spacecraft during rendezvous manuevers and station keeping at a distance of approximately 9 feet apart.
Topics: Mercury-Gemini Spacecraft, Gemini-Program, What -- Gemini 6, What -- Gemini 7
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001049.html
NASA Images
by Ernie Walker
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eye 1,635

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Project Mercury - Capsule #2. Capsule complete in Lewis Hangar near Cleveland, Ohio. Lewis is now known as the Glenn Research Center.
Topics: Mercury-Program, Mercury-Gemini Spacecraft, What -- Mercury, Where -- Ohio, Where -- Glenn Research...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000382.html
NASA Images
by NASA/GRC
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eye 4,862

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Interior view of Drafting Room in Engine Research Building showing men at work at the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory. This building was considered the research heart of NACA Lewis. It was built by the Sam W. Emerson Company and was completed in 1942. It is a multipurpose flexible space covering more than 4.25 acres and can be changed according to research priorities. The Aircraft Engine Research Center, Cleveland Ohio, is now known as the John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field.
Topics: NACA-GRC-LRC, Aircraft Propulsion, Where -- Lewis Field, Where -- Ohio, Where -- Glenn Research...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001447.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 2,126

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Astronaut Buzz Aldrin, lunar module pilot, walks on the surface of the Moon near the leg of the Lunar Module (LM) "Eagle" during the Apollo 11 exravehicular activity (EVA). Astronaut Neil A. Armstrong, commander, took this photograph with a 70mm lunar surface camera. While astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin descended in the Lunar Module (LM) "Eagle" to explore the Sea of Tranquility region of the Moon, astronaut Michael Collins, command module pilot, remained with the Command...
Topics: Astronauts, Apollo 11, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2001-000013.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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eye 1,045

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This shows the evolution of the UR-500 space launch vehicle. For many years, Westerners believed that the clustered modules of the first stage were strap-on boosters. These were in fact only propellant tanks and not self-contained stages. Publication information: Image from the files of Peter Gorin. Image and caption from Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945- 1974 (NASA SP-2000-4408) by Asif A. Siddiqi. Please note that the image number assigned to this image is not an...
Topic: Soviet Launch Vehicles
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000186.html
NASA Images
by NASA/Eugene Cernan
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eye 1,448

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Geologist-Astronaut Harrison Schmitt, Apollo 17 lunar module pilot, uses an adjustable sampling scoop to retrieve lunar samples during the second extravehicular activity (EVA-2), at Station 5 at the Taurus- Littrow landing site. The cohesive nature of the lunar soil is born out by the "dirty" appearance of Schmitt's space suit. A gnomon is atop the large rock in the foreground. The gnomon is a stadia rod mounted on a tripod, and serves as an indicator of the gravitational vector and...
Topics: Apollo 17, EVAs-Moonwalk, Who -- Harrison Schmitt, What -- Apollo 17, What -- Taurus
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001124.html
NASA Images
by NASA, Massimo Stiavelli, STScI ODButterfly Nebula
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The Hubble Space Telescope's Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2) is back at work, capturing this image of the "butterfly wing"- shaped nebula, NGC 2346. The nebula is about 2,000 light-years away from Earth in the direction of the constellation Monoceros. It represents the spectacular "last gasp" of a binary star system at the nebula's center. The image was taken on March 6, 1997 as part of the recommissioning of the Hubble Space Telescope's previously installed...
Topics: Deep Space Studies, Hubble, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Camera 2, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000902.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Christa McAuliffe and Barbara Morgan, Teacher in space primary and backup crew members for Shuttle Mission STS-51L. This mission ended in failure when the Challenger orbiter exploded 73 seconds after launch on January 28, 1986.
Topics: Astronauts, Space Shuttle, Women, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- STS-51, What -- Challenger
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000004.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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The prime crew of Apollo 17, photographed with a Lunar Roving vehicle trainer. They are Eugene A Cernan (seated), commander, Ronald E. Evans (standing on right), command module pilot, and Harrison H. Schmitt, (standing on left) lunar module pilot.
Topics: Astronauts, Apollo 17, What -- Apollo 17
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2006-000024.html
NASA Images
by NASA/John W. Young
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Astronaut Charles M. Duke Jr., Lunar Module pilot of the Apollo 16 mission, is photographed collecting lunar samples at Station no. 1 during the first Apollo 16 extravehicular activity at the Descartes landing site. This picture, looking eastward, was taken by Astronaut John W. Young, commander. Duke is standing at the rim of Plum crater, which is 40 meters in diameter and 10 meters deep. The parked Lunar Roving Vehicle can be seen in the left background.
Topics: Apollo 16, EVAs-Moonwalk, What -- Apollo 16, What -- Crater
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001132.html
NASA Images
by NASA/Eugene Cernan
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eye 2,887

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Geologist-Astronaut Harrison Schmitt, Apollo 17 Lunar Module pilot, is photographed next to the American Flag during extravehicular activity (EVA) of NASA's final lunar landing mission in the Apollo series. The photo was taken at the Taurus-Littrow landing site. The highest part of the flag appears to point toward our planet earth in the distant background.
Topics: Apollo 17, EVAs-Moonwalk, Who -- Harrison Schmitt, What -- Apollo 17, What -- Taurus, What -- Earth
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001137.html
NASA Images
by NASA, J.J. Hester Arizona State University
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eye 3,404

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This is an image of a small portion of the Cygnus Loop supernova remnant, which marks the edge of a bubble-like, expanding blast wave from a colossal stellar explosion, occurring about 15,000 years ago. The HST image shows the structure behind the shock waves, allowing astronomers for the first time to directly compare the actual structure of the shock with theoretical model calculations. Besides supernova remnants, these shock models are important in understanding a wide range of astrophysical...
Topics: Deep Space Studies, Hubble, What -- Cygnus, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Advanced...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000992.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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NASA launches the last in the series of interplanetary Pioneer spacecraft, Pioneer 10 from Cape Kennedy, Florida. The long-tank Delta launch vehicle placed the spacecraft in a solar orbit along the path of Earth's orbit. The spacecraft then passed inside and outside Earth's orbit, alternately speeding up and slowing down relative to Earth. The Delta launch vehicle family started development in 1959. The Delta was composed of parts from the Thor, an intermediate-range ballistic missile, as its...
Topics: Rocket Launches, Delta, What -- Pioneer 10, What -- Earth, Where -- Florida, Where -- Kentucky
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00038.html
NASA Images
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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. Search and recovery teams lifted this fragment of the Shuttle's Solid Rocket Booster (SRB) from the ocean onto a waiting ship and then returned it to Kennedy Space Center for the investigation into causes of the accident. A chemical profile on the propellant traces remaining on the metal combined with its ocean...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00009.html
NASA Images
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NASA's 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft No. 911, with the space shuttle orbiter Endeavour securely mounted atop its fuselage, taxies to the runway to begin the ferry flight from Rockwell's Plant 42 at Palmdale, California, where the orbiter was built, to the Kennedy Space Center, Florida. At Kennedy, the space vehicle was processed and launched on orbital mission STS-49, which landed at NASA's Ames-Dryden Flight Research Facility (later redesignated Dryden Flight Research Center), Edwards,...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Top 20 Dryden Aircraft, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001943.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Liftoff of the Apollo 17 Saturn V Moon Rocket from Pad A, Launch Complex 39, Kennedy Space Center, Florida, at 12:33 a.m., December 17, 1972. Apollo 17, the final lunar landing mission, was the first night launch of a Saturn V rocket.
Topics: Rocket Launches, Apollo 17, What -- Apollo 17, What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Kennedy Space...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001150.html
NASA Images
by NACA
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The historical evolution of airfoil sections, 1908-1944. The last two shapes are low-drag sections designed to have laminar flow over 60 to 70 percent of chord on both the upper and lower surface.
Topics: NACA-LaRC, Aeronautical Research
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001299.html
NASA Images
by NASA/Robert O Dell Kerry P. Handron Rice University, Houston Texas
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These gigantic, tadpole-shaped objects are probably the result of a dying star's last gasps. Dubbed "cometary knots" because their glowing heads and gossamer tails resemble comets, the gaseous objects probably were formed during a star's final stages of life. Hubble astronomer C. Robert O'Dell and graduate student Kerry P. Handron of Rice University in Houston, Texas discovered thousands of these knots with the Hubble Space Telescope while exploring the Helix nebula, the closest...
Topics: Deep Space Studies, Hubble, What -- COMETS, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Earth,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001370.html
NASA Images
by NASA/Apollo
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This is how the Earth looked as photographed from a point near the Moon by the Apollo 8 astronauts. The Earth fills less than one percent of the frame exposed through 80mm lens. North is approximately vertical. Kinda lonely, isn't it?
Topics: Planet-Earth, Apollo 8, What -- Earth, What -- Moon, What -- Apollo 8
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001489.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Looking like a scene from an H.G. Wells novel, engineers inspect and test a boilerplate Mercury space capsule. Note the array of bulky test equipment on the table and the less than clean-room conditions. Today such testing is conducted under virtually steril conditions in a completely controlled environment.
Topics: Mercury-Program, Mercury-Gemini Spacecraft, What -- Mercury
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-003008.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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An Atlas vehicle is shown as it is raised into its launch gantry. This Atlas attempted to launch a Mercury spacecraft (without any astronauts aboard) into orbital flight. The launch vehicle developed 360,000 pounds of thrust and burned RP-1, a kerosene-like fuel, and liquid oxygen. It was about 60 feet in length and 10 feet in diameter at the tank section. This was the first attempt by NASA to put a Mercury spacecraft into Earth orbit. Unfortunately, this Atlas exploded at launch. Atlas was...
Topics: Atlas, What -- Atlas, What -- Mercury, What -- Earth, What -- SCORE, What -- Centaur, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00039.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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At about 76 seconds, fragments of the Orbiter can be seen tumbling against a background of fire, smoke and vaporized propellants from the External Tank. The left Solid Rocket Booster (SRB) flys rampant, still thrusting. The reddish-brown cloud envelops the disintergrating Orbiter. The color is indicative of the nitrogen tetroxide oxidizer propellant in the Orbiter Reaction Control System. On January 28, 1986 frigid overnight temperatures caused normally pliable rubber O-ring seals and putty...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger, What -- Challenger
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001422.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Historic photo of the Wright brothers' third test glider being launched at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, on October 10, 1902. Wilbur Wright is at the controls, Orville Wright is at left, and Dan Tate (a local resident and friend of the Wright brothers) is at right. The 1902 test gliders were extremely important to the development of the first powered airplane. The new glider design was based on the wind tunnel tests performed by the Wrights in 1901. The improvements to the glider included a...
Topics: Unique Aircraft, Early Aerospace-Pioneers, Where -- North Carolina
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000125.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Previously unseen details of a mysterious, complex structure within the Carina Nebula (NGC 3372) are revealed by this image of the "Keyhole Nebula," obtained with NASA's Hubble Space Telescope. The picture is a montage assembled from four different April 1999 telescope pointings with Hubble's Wide Field Planetary Camera 2, which used six different color filters. The picture is dominated by a large, approximately circular feature, which is part of the Keyhole Nebula, named in the 19th...
Topics: Deep Space Studies, Hubble, What -- Carina, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Wide...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000880.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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The Apollo 11 Saturn V space vehicle climbs toward orbit after liftoff from Pad 39A at 9:32 a.m. EDT. In 2 1/2 minutes of powered flight, the S-IC booster lifts the vehicle to an altitude of about 39 miles some 55 miles downrange. This photo was taken with a 70mm telescopic camera mounted in an Air Force EC-135N plane. Onboard are astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins and Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr.
Topics: Apollo 11, Rocket Launches, Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000628.html