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NASA Images
Mar 15, 2029 NASA
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In this photo taken on March 15, 1929, a quartet of NACA staff conduct tests on airfoils in the Variable Density Tunnel, which, in 1985, was declared a National Historic Landmark. l to r Eastman Jacobs, Shorty Defoe, Malvern Powell, and Harold Turner.
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/topics/aeronautics/features/naca2010_gallery.html
NASA Images
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Born on January 26, 1892 in Atlanta, Texas to a family of sharecroppers, Bessie Coleman grew up in poverty. Her father abandoned the family when she was nine, and her elder brothers soon left as well, leaving her mother with the four youngest of her thirteen children. While taking care of her younger sisters, Bessie completed all eight available years of primary education, excelling in math. She enrolled at the Colored Agricultural and Normal University in Langston, Oklahoma in 1910, but lack...
Topics: Women, Early Aerospace-Pioneers, Where -- Atlanta, Where -- Texas, Where -- Oklahoma, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00027.html
NASA Images
Mar 2, 2010 NACA
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The NACA's seal. Image Credit: NACA
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/topics/aeronautics/features/naca2010_gallery9.html
NASA Images
Mar 2, 2010 NACA
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Among the famous visitors to NACA facilities: Fred E. Weick, head of the Propeller Research Tunnel section from 1925-1929, in the rear cockpit; aviator Charles Lindbergh, in front cockpit; and Tom Hamilton, aviator and eventual aircraft/airport manufacturer, standing. Image Credit: NACA
Topic: Where -- Hamilton
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/topics/aeronautics/features/naca2010_gallery7.html
NASA Images
Mar 2, 2010 NACA
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The historical evolution of airfoil sections from 1908-1944. The last two shapes are low-drag sections designed to have laminar, uninterrupted flow over 60 to 70 percent of chord on both the upper and lower surfaces. The NACA airfoils subsequently influenced the design of every modern aircraft wing. Image Credit: NACA
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/topics/aeronautics/features/naca2010_gallery4.html
NASA Images
Mar 2, 2010 NACA
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Twin jet exhausts are inclined toward the ground to simulate takeoff conditions for certain engine installations and to identify options for decreasing takeoff distances. Image Credit: NACA
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/topics/aeronautics/features/naca2010_gallery3.html
NASA Images
Mar 2, 2010 NACA
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Kitty Joyner, an electrical engineer for the NACA, at work in 1952. Image Credit: NACA
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/topics/aeronautics/features/naca2010_gallery2.html
NASA Images
Mar 2, 2010 NACA
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A semispan airplane model and flow-direction vane mounted on the wing of a P-51D airplane for transonic tests by wing-flow method. Image Credit: NACA
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/topics/aeronautics/features/naca2010_gallery6.html
NASA Images
Mar 2, 2010 NACA
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This analog computing machine—a very early version of the modern computer—was located in the Fuel Systems Building at the Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory in Cleveland now the John H. Glenn Research Center. Image Credit: NACA
Topic: Where -- Glenn Research Center GRC
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/topics/aeronautics/features/naca2010_gallery10.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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Hermann Oberth (1894-1989) is considered to be one of the top three pioneers in modern rocketry and is credited with suggesting that space stations would be essential if humans wished to travel to other planets. Oberth was the only one out of the three (Konstantin Tsiolkovsky and Robert Goddard are the other two) to see human spaceflight come to fruition. He was inspired by the tales of Jules Verne in From the Earth to the Moon and Travel to the Moon. He is also the author of Die Rakete zu den...
Topics: Space-Station Concepts, International Space Station, Early Aerospace Pioneers, What -- Jules Verne,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00099.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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This is an aerial view of the foundation construction for NASA's Electronics Research Center (ERC) at Kendall Square in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The Center opened in September 1964 and has the particular distinction of being the only NASA Center to close, shutting down in June 1970. Its mission was to develop new electronics and to train new graduates as well as NASA employees. The ERC actually grew while NASA eliminated major programs and cut staff in other areas. Between 1967 and 1970, NASA...
Topics: Electronics Research Center, Where -- Massachusetts
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00048.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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Originally designated as the Apollo/Saturn 204 mission, but more commonly known as Apollo 1, this photograph shows the crew in training. On January 27, 1967, disaster fell upon the Apollo 1 mission when a sudden fire broke out in the command module during a launch pad test in which all three of the primary crew perished. Astronauts Lt. Col. Virgil "Gus" Ivan Grissom, Lt.Col. Edward Higgins White II, and Lt. Cdr. Roger Bruce Chaffee died quickly in the tragic accident. An investigative...
Topics: Apollo-1, What -- Moon
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00056.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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This Electronics Research Center study of the molecular properties of liquids was conducted using laser technology. ERC opened in September 1964 and has the particular distinction of being the only NASA Center to close, shutting down in June 1970. Its mission was to develop new electronics and training new graduates as well as NASA employees. The ERC actually grew while NASA eliminated major programs and cut staff in other areas. Between 1967 and 1970, NASA cut permanent civil service workers...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00053.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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This montage of images taken by the Voyager spacecraft of the planets and four of Jupiter's moons is set against a false-color Rosette Nebula with Earth's moon in the foreground. Studying and mapping Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and many of their moons, Voyager provided scientists with better images and data than they had ever had before or expected from the program. Although launched sixteen days after Voyager 2, Voyager 1's trajectory was a faster path, arriving at Jupiter in March 1979....
Topics: Planetary Astronomy, Voyager-Galileo, What -- Voyager 1, What -- Moon, What -- Jupiter, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-000006.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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A concept drawing of Space Station Freedom. Freedom was to be a permanently crewed orbiting base in orbit to be completed in the mid 1990's. It was to have a crew of 4. Freedom was an attempt at international cooperation that attempted to incorporate the technological and economic assistance, of the United States, Canada, Japan, and nine European nations. The image shows four pressurized modules (three laboratories and a habitat module) and six large solar arrays which were expected to generate...
Topics: International Space Station, space station concepts, NASA-Art, What -- International Space Station...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00111.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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Electronics Research Center's Astro-Physics Branch studied solar radiation with this equipment. ERC opened in September 1964 and has the particular distinction of being the only NASA Center to close, shutting down in June 1970. Its mission was to develop new electronics and training new graduates as well as NASA employees. The ERC actually grew while NASA eliminated major programs and cut staff in other areas. Between 1967 and 1970, NASA cut permanent civil service workers at all Centers with...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00055.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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John Robinson Pierce, the former director of research at AT&T Bell Telephone Laboratories. Born in Des Moines, Iowa in 1910, Pierce was the first to evaluate the various technical options in satellite communications and assess the financial prospects. In 1952, he published an article in Astounding Science Fiction in which he discussed the potential benefits of satellite communications. A few years later, Pierce greatly assisted in the creation of the first artificial communication...
Topics: Communication-Satellites, Where -- Des Moines, Where -- Iowa
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00016.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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Vincent DeLaria, a technician at the Electronics Research Center, was involved in a research program on interconnections, aimed at increased reliability in semi-conductors and integrated circuits. He is shown in this photograph while bonding a wire .0007 inches in diameter, smaller than a human hair, to a strip of material measuring 2/1000ths by 1/1000th of an inch. This work was performed in ERC's Qualifications and Standards Laboratory. ERC opened in September 1964 and has the particular...
Topic: What -- WIRE
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00051.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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This montage shows the Management Council at the Electronics Research Center. Shown are James C. Elms, Director; Dr. Albert J. Kelley, Deputy Director; W. William Vanderwolk, Assistant Director for Programs and Resources; Franklyn W. Phillips, Assistant Director for Administration; Charles J. Delaney, Chief Counsel; Dr. W. Crawford Dunlap, Assistant Director for Electronic Components Research; Dr. Lester C. Van Atta, Assistant Director for Electromagnetic Research; Dr. Gene G. Mannella,...
Topic: Who -- James C. Elms
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00052.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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This photograph shows the Wright Brothers Monument in the distance on Kill Devil Hill and the granite boulder that marks the place that the first take-off of the first airplane was made. On December 17, 1903, the Wright brothers first flew a piloted, heavier-than-air, powered machine in North Carolina. Approved by Congress in 1927, the Kill Devil Hill National Memorial has the Wright Memorial Shaft, a sixty-foot granite monument. On over 300 acres, it was dedicated in 1932.
Topics: Miscellaneous-1, Aerospace-Pioneers, Where -- North Carolina
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00069.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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W. Deter Straub, a scientist at the NASA Electronics Research Center's (ERC) Component Technology Laboratory, conducted this experiment with the "Gunn Effect." The Gunn Effect is the production of microwave oscillations when a constant voltage in excess of a critical level is applied to opposite faces of a semiconductor. The Center realized the promising advances in microwave research, indicated by "hot electron" experiments at the ERC with the use of bulk gallium arsenide...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00050.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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This is an artist's impression of the "Brick Moon." "The Brick Moon" was the title of an article published in the Atlantic Monthly by Edward Everett Hale in 1869. This piece was the first known proposal for an Earth-orbiting satellite. Hale envisioned that the satellite could be used by mariners as a navigational aid. He believed it would be the longitudinal companion to the latitudinal North Star. In 1869, this story was considered fantasy but in retrospect "The Brick...
Topics: Space-Station Concepts, What -- Moon, What -- Earth
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00098.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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The Delta launch vehicle family started development in 1959. The Delta was composed of parts from the Thor, an intermediate-range ballistic missile, as its first stage, and the Vanguard as its second. The first Delta was launched from Cape Canaveral on May 13, 1960 and was powerful enough to deliver a 100-pound spacecraft into geostationary transfer orbit. Delta has been used to launch civil, commercial, and military satellites into orbit. Kevin Forsyth remarks that "Delta is one of the...
Topics: Rocket Launches, Delta, Where -- Kentucky
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00037.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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A "real-time data translator" machine converted Mariner 4 digital image data into numbers printed on strips of paper. Too anxious to wait for the official processed image, employees from the Voyager Telecommunications Section attached these strips side by side to a display panel and hand colored the numbers like a paint-by-numbers picture. The completed image was framed and presented to JPL director, William Pickering. Mariner 4 was launched on November 28, 1964 and journeyed for 228...
Topics: Space Probes, What -- Mariner 4, What -- Voyager, What -- Mars, What -- Sun, Where -- Jet...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00060.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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At the Electronics Research Center (ERC), crystals less than 1/1,000th of an inch thick were "grown" for microwave experiments. The Center's scientists generated higher frequency microwaves which were important for future NASA missions in spacecraft transmitters, because they were expected to improve the efficiency of microwave signal transmission in space. ERC opened in September 1964 and has the particular distinction of being the only NASA Center to close, shutting down in June...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00049.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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In May 1964, a ceremony was held to dedicate the new Space Flight Operations Facility, which used state-of-the-art equipment for mission operations and communications with JPL's unmanned spacecraft. One of the first missions to use the facility was Ranger 7, which went to the Moon in July 1964. The Space Flight Operations Facility collected the tracking and scientific information for the Deep Space Network. In 1985, the Space Flight Operations Facility was designated as a National Historic...
Topics: Miscellaneous-1, Lunar Probes, What -- Ranger 7, What -- Moon, What -- Deep Space Network
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00064.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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This is a concept drawing of an orbit and launch facility. It was to use a nuclear SNAP-II nuclear power supply on the end of the long telescoping boom. Nuclear reactors were considered dangerous, which is why in this concept drawing it was located so far away from the habitat part of the station. Creators envisioned the structure being built in orbit to allow assembly of the station in orbit which could be then larger than anything that could be launched from Earth. The two main modules were...
Topics: Space-Station Concepts, What -- Earth
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00107.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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Hermann Potocnik (1892-1929), also known as Herman Noordung, was an engineer in the Austrian army. Noordung wrote Das Problem der Befahrung des Weltraums (The Problem of Space Travel:The Rocket Motor) (1929), an early work on spaceflight. He also created the first detailed technical drawings of a space station.
Topics: Space-Station Concepts, Early Aerospace Pioneers
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00102.html
NASA Images
Jun 26, 2009 NASA
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This Electronics Research Center scientist is researching magnetic materials, observing their performance in high temperatures. ERC opened in September 1964 and has the particular distinction of being the only NASA Center to close, shutting down in June 1970. Its mission was to develop new electronics and training new graduates as well as NASA employees. The ERC actually grew while NASA eliminated major programs and cut staff in other areas. Between 1967 and 1970, NASA cut permanent civil...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00054.html
NASA Images
Jun 27, 2004 NASA
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Jerrie Cobb poses next to a Mercury spaceship capsule. Although she never flew in space, Cobb, along with twenty-four other women, underwent physical tests similar to those taken by the Mercury astronauts with the belief that she might become an astronaut trainee. All the women who participated in the program, known as First Lady Astronaut Trainees, were skilled pilots. Dr. Randy Lovelace, a NASA scientist who had conducted the official Mercury program physicals, administered the tests at his...
Topics: Women, Mercury-Program, What -- Mercury
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00026.html
NASA Images
May 1, 2003 NASA
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NASA Project Manager Fred Ahmay holds a Biological Research in Canisters (BRIC) container in which C. elegans nemotodes (round worms) were found. The container was part of a middeck experiment that was among Columbia's debris recovered in East Texas. The worms were found alive after flying on Columbia's last mission, STS-107. The experiment was designed to verify a new synthetic nutrient solution for an International Space Station "model" specimen planned to be used extensively for...
Topics: Columbia STS-107, What -- STS-107, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Columbia,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00085.html
NASA Images
Apr 23, 2003 Renee Bouchard
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Ronald D. Dittemore (right), a 26-year NASA veteran, announces his intention to step aside as the Space Shuttle Program Manager at the Johnson Space Center in Houston to pursue other opportunities. Also pictured at the Washington, DC announcement is Michael Kostelnik, Deputy Associate Administrator for the Space Shuttle and International Space Station Programs. Dittemore, who has served as the Shuttle Program Manager for more than four years, will remain in his current position until the...
Topics: Columbia STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00087.html
NASA Images
Apr 10, 2003 NASA
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Members of a US Forest Service search team walk a grid during a Columbia recovery search near the Hemphill, Texas site. The group is accompanied by a space program worker able to identify potential hazards of Shuttle parts. Workers from every NASA Center and numerous federal, state, and local agencies searched for Columbia's debris in the recovery effort. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [ http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GRINColumbiaGenExpl.html ]
Topics: Columbia STS-107, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, Where -- Texas
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00082.html
NASA Images
Apr 3, 2003 NASA
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One of the Space Shuttle Columbia's Main Engine powerheads found on the grounds of Fort Polk, Louisiana. The 800-pound unit was one of the easternmost-recovered pieces of debris from Columbia. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [ http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GRINColumbiaGenExpl.html ]
Topics: Columbia STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00076.html
NASA Images
Mar 26, 2003 NASA
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The Columbia Accident Investigation Board gathers for a second day for its third public hearing, held in Cape Canaveral, Florida. The CAIB was set up to examine STS-107 and analyze exploratory tests. Navy Admiral Harold W. "Hal" Gehman Jr. was designated as the Chairman of the Board. From left to right in this photo sit Board Members Steven B. Wallace, Scott Hubbard, Dr. John Logsdon, Rear Admiral Stephen Turcotte, Hal Gehman, General Duane Deal, Dr. Douglas Osheroff, and Maj. General...
Topics: Columbia STS-107, Who -- Sally Ride, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, Where -- Florida, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00079.html
NASA Images
Mar 25, 2003 NASA
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Retired Navy Admiral Harold W. "Hal" Gehman Jr., Chairman of the Columbia Accident Investigation Board (left), and Board member Dr. John Logsdon, director of the Space Policy Institute at George Washington University, listen to experts' testimonies on STS-107 For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [ http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GRINColumbiaGenExpl.html ]
Topics: Columbia STS-107, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, Where -- Washington
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00083.html
NASA Images
Mar 18, 2003 NASA
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This image shows the grid on the floor of the RLV Hangar as workers in the field bring in pieces of Columbia's debris. The Columbia Reconstruction Project Team is attempting to reconstruct the bottom of the orbiter as part of the investigation into the accident that caused the destruction of Columbia and the loss of its crew as it returned to Earth on mission STS-107. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [...
Topics: Columbia STS-107, What -- Columbia, What -- Earth, What -- STS-107
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00081.html
NASA Images
Mar 6, 2003 NASA
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A view of the Astronaut Memorial Space Mirror at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex. The memorial is a national tribute to the 17 American astronauts who gave their lives in the quest to explore space. The memorial has received added attention since the loss of the Columbia crew on February 1, 2003, when they perished in an explosion as they were returning to Earth from mission STS-107. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [...
Topics: Columbia STS-107, What -- Columbia, What -- Earth, What -- STS-107, What -- Challenger, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00078.html
NASA Images
Feb 14, 2003 NASA
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Retired Navy Admiral Harold W. Gehman Jr., Chairman of the Columbia Accident Investigation Board, addresses the press at the Shuttle Landing Facility before departing Kennedy Space Center. Gehman and the other members of the Board visited sites at KSC to become familiar with Shuttle processing procedures. The independent board is charged with determining what caused the destruction of the Space Shuttle Columbia and the loss of its seven-member crew on February 1, 2003 during reentry. For more...
Topics: Columbia STS-107, What -- Columbia, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-107, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00084.html
NASA Images
Feb 8, 2003 NASA
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View of the debris from the Space Shuttle Columbia in the hangar at Barksdale Air Force Base in Shreveport, Louisiana. The debris was collected and cataloged prior to shipment to the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [ http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GRINColumbiaGenExpl.html ]
Topics: Columbia STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00075.html
NASA Images
Feb 7, 2003 NASA
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NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe addresses the Johnson Space Center employees with encouraging words in the Teague auditorium following the loss of the Space Shuttle Columbia crew on February 1, 2003. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [ http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GRINColumbiaGenExpl.html ]
Topics: Columbia STS-107, Who -- Administrator Sean O'Keefe, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00090.html
NASA Images
Feb 6, 2003 NASA
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View of the Recessional at a special memorial ceremony honoring the Space Shuttle Columbia crew at the Washington National Cathedral. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [ http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GRINColumbiaGenExpl.html ]
Topics: Columbia STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00077.html
NASA Images
Feb 4, 2003 NASA
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President George W. Bush, before the crowd on the mall of the Johnson Space Center during the memorial for the Columbia astronauts, stated, "Each of these astronauts had the daring and discipline required of their calling. Each of them knew that great endeavors are inseparable from great risks. And each of them accepted those risks willingly, even joyfully, in the cause of discovery." For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [...
Topics: Presidents, Columbia STS-107, What -- Columbia, What -- Discovery, What -- STS-107, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00091.html
NASA Images
Feb 1, 2003 NASA
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In memory of the Space Shuttle Columbia crewmembers who lost their lives on February 1, 2003, a massive collection of flowers, balloons, flags, signs, and other arrangements were placed at the Johnson Space Center sign at the Center's main entrance. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [ http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GRINColumbiaGenExpl.html ]
Topics: Columbia STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00089.html
NASA Images
Jan 16, 2003 NASA
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A close-up camera view shows Space Shuttle Columbia as it lifts off from Launch Pad 39A on mission STS-107. Launch occurred on schedule at 10:39 EST. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [ http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GRINColumbiaGenExpl.html ]
Topics: Rocket Launches, Columbia STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00080.html
NASA Images
Jan 16, 2003 NASA
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Through a cloud-washed blue sky above Launch Pad 39A, Space Shuttle Columbia hurtles toward space on mission STS-107. Following the countdown, liftoff occurred on-time at 10:39 EST. Experiments in the SPACEHAB module ranged from material sciences to life sciences. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [ http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GRINColumbiaGenExpl.html ]
Topics: Rocket Launches, Columbia STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00074.html
NASA Images
Jul 25, 2002 NASA
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The STS-107 crewmembers pose for an informal crew portrait near a T-38 trainer jet at Ellington Field near Johnson Space Center. From the left are astronauts Rick D. Husband, mission Commander; William C. McCool, pilot; David M. Brown, Laurel B. Clark, both mission Specialists; payload specialist Ilan Ramon; Michael P. Anderson and Kalpana Chawla, both mission specialists. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [...
Topics: Columbia STS-107, Who -- Rick D. Husband, Who -- William C. McCool, Who -- David M. Brown, Who --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00086.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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Dale D. Myers served as NASA's Deputy Administrator from October 6, 1986, to May 13, 1989. Prior to becoming Deputy Administrator Mr. Myers served in various positions inside NASA as well as in the private sector. Mr. Myers also served as a member of the NASA Advisory Council and provided advice and counsel to NASA top management on aeronautics and space programs. Publication information: Please note that the image number assigned to this image is not an official NASA number. It is for GRIN...
Topics: VIPs-People at NASA-NACA, NASA-Deputy-Administrators, Who -- Dale D. Myers
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000097.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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Vice Admiral Richard H. Truly served as NASA Administrator from May 14, 1989 to March 31, 1992. Prior to becoming Administrator, Adm. Truly served as NASA's Associate Administrator for Space Flight. In this position, he led the painstaking rebuilding of the Space Shuttle program after the Challenger accident. Adm. Truly's career began in the Navy and in 1965 he became one of the first military astronauts selected to the Air Force's Manned Orbiting Laboratory program in Los Angeles, California....
Topics: Astronauts, Space Shuttle, VIPs-People at NASA-NACA, NASA-Management, NASA-Administrators, Skylab,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000090.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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This vacuum evaporator was used to aid in designing high reliability mirco-electronic circuits for long-range NASA missions. Here, Seymour Schwartz of the Qualifications and Standards Laboratory deposits substances that will be analyzed for evaporation properties. The ERC opened in September 1964, taking over the administration of contracts, grants, and other NASA business in New England from the antecedent North Eastern Operations Office (created in July 1962), and closed in June 1970. It...
Topic: Historical-ERC
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000217.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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James M. Beggs served as NASA's sixth administrator from July 1981 to December 1985. Mr. Beggs received degrees from the U.S. Naval Academy and the Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration. He held positions at General Dynamics, Westinghouse Electric Corp., and the Summa Corp. Prior to becoming administrator, Mr. Beggs served as Associate Administrator, Office of Advanced Research and Technology at NASA from 1968-1969 and as Under Secretary of Transportation from 1969-1973. After...
Topics: VIPs-People at NASA-NACA, NASA-Management, NASA-Administrators, Who -- James M. Beggs
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000089.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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Dr. Daniel R. Mulville served as NASA's Acting Administrator from November 19, 2001, to December 21, 2001. He began his appointment as Deputy Associate Administrator on January 1, 2000. Prior to becoming Deputy Administrator Dr. Mulville served in a variety of positions at NASA, including Chief Engineer from 1995 to 1999. Before coming to NASA in 1986, Dr. Mulville worked at the Naval Research Laboratory and the Naval Air Systems Command. Publication information: Please note that the image...
Topics: VIPs-People at NASA-NACA, NASA-Administrators
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000096.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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A laser in operation at the Electronics Resource Centers Space Optics Laboratory is checked by Lowell Rosen (left) and Dr. Norman Knable. They investigated energy levels of atoms in very excited states as a step to improving the lasers efficiency in space. The ERC opened in September 1964, taking over the administration of contracts, grants, and other NASA business in New England from the antecedent North Eastern Operations Office (created in July 1962), and closed in June 1970. It served to...
Topic: Historical-ERC
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000216.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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Dr. Alan M. Lovelace served as NASA's Deputy Administrator from July 2, 1976 to July 10, 1981. After graduating with a Doctor of Philosophy Degree in Organic Chemistry in 1954, Dr. Lovelace went to work for the United States Air Force and served in many scientific research positions until he left to join NASA as Associate Administrator of the Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology. In 1976 he became NASA's Deputy Administrator and served until he retired in 1981. After retirement Dr....
Topics: VIPs-People at NASA-NACA, NASA-Deputy-Administrators, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000095.html
NASA Images
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Model of Electronics Research Centers first phase of construction is examined by (from left) Dr. Albert J. Kelley, Deputy Director; Edward Durell Stone, architect, of the joint venture team which designed the facilities; and Dr. Winston E. Kock, Director. The ERC opened in September 1964, taking over the administration of contracts, grants, and other NASA business in New England from the antecedent North Eastern Operations Office (created in July 1962), and closed in June 1970. It served to...
Topic: Historical-ERC
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000219.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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Yuri Gagarin was born on March 9, 1934 in a town outside of Moscow, Russia. After graduating from secondary school in 1949, Gagarin went to several technical schools before joining the Orenburg Higher Air Force School in 1955. He began his cosmonaut training in 1960, along with 19 other candidates. On April 12, 1961 at 9:06 am Gagarin lifted off in the Vostok 1 spacecraft and after a 108-minute flight of extended microgravity, he parachuted safely to the ground in the Saratov region of the...
Topics: Soviet People-Cosmonauts, Who -- Yuri Gagarin, What -- Vostok 1, What -- Earth, What -- Soyuz 1,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000152.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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This is a model of the complete Spiral system on display. The high-speed 50-50 carrier aircraft would have returned to an airport after accelerating its combined payload to a velocity of about Mach 5-6. The actual Spiral spaceplane is mounted on top of the carrier's fuselage backed by a two-stage cylindrical rocket at its base. Spiral was a combination of aviation and rocket technology, a three-component craft made of a hypersonic booster-aircraft, a booster rocket and orbital aircraft. Similar...
Topics: Aeronautical Research, Soviet Aeronautics, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000185.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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This shows the evolution of Soviet space launch vehicles in the early years. From the left are the R-7 ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile), the Sputnik launcher, the Vostok launcher, and the Soyuz launcher. Publication information: Image under copyright by Peter Gorin. Image and caption from Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945- 1974 (NASA SP-2000-4408) by Asif A. Siddiqi. Please note that the image number assigned to this image is not an official NASA number. It...
Topic: Soviet Launch Vehicles
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000184.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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This is a model of the military Almaz space station on display. This model is of the original variant of the space station, with the large Gemini-shaped reentry capsule attached on the forward end (to the right). This capsule was later deleted from the station. The folded-up solar panels are on the left, surrounding the single docking port of the station. Almaz was the Soviet Ministry of Defense's Earth-orbital complex where cosmonauts would conduct scientific activities and experiments as well...
Topics: Soviet-Spacecraft, What -- Almaz 1, What -- Gemini, What -- Earth, What -- Salyut 2
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000189.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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On the left is the early test variant of the Soviet N1 rocket as originally conceived in the mid-1960s. On the right is a slightly modified version designed in the early 1970s. The main external differences were in the fairing at the bottom of the first stage and the length of the vertical conduits on the first and second stages. Publication information: Image under copyright by Peter Gorin. Image and caption from Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945- 1974 (NASA...
Topic: Soviet Launch Vehicles
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000183.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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Dr. James C. Fletcher served as NASA Administrator from April 27, 1971, to May 1, 1977, and from May 12, 1986, to April 8, 1989. During his first administration at NASA, Dr. Fletcher was responsible for beginning the Shuttle effort, as well as the Viking program that sent landers to Mars. He oversaw the Skylab missions and Viking probes and approved the Voyager space probe, the Hubble Space Telescope and the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. During his second tenure, he presided over the effort to...
Topics: VIPs-People at NASA-NACA, NASA-Management, NASA-Administrators, What -- Viking, What -- Mars, What...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000107.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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This Aerosol Particle Analyzer, being displayed by Theresa Thibodeau of the Instrumentation Laboratory, was flown on one of the Apollo earth orbital flights. The device measured content of microscopic bits of solid of liquid matter in the spaceship cabin for possible effect on the well-being of the astronaut or the reliability of the electronic equipment. The ERC opened in September 1964, taking over the administration of contracts, grants, and other NASA business in New England from the...
Topics: Women, Historical-ERC, What -- Earth
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000218.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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On October 1, 1966, James C. Elms was appointed Director of the NASA Electronics Resource Center in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Elms served as director until the closing of the ERC on June 30, 1970. Prior to his appointment as ERC Director, James Elms served as Deputy Director of NASA Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston, Texas and then as Deputy Associate Administrator for them Manned Spaceflight Program at NASA Headquarters in Washington, DC. The ERC opened in September 1964, taking over the...
Topics: NASA-Center-Directors, Historical-ERC, Who -- James C. Elms, Where -- NASA Headquarters, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000220.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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Soviet cosmonauts performed the first docking of two piloted spacecraft in orbit during the Soyuz 4/5 mission on January 16, 1969. This is a conceptual diagram of that docking. Publication information: Image under copyright by R.F. Gibbons. Image and caption from Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945- 1974 by Asif A. Siddiqi. Please note that the image number assigned to this image is not an official NASA number. It is for GRIN database purposes only.
Topics: Soviet Spacecraft, What -- Soyuz 4
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000225.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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This shows the evolution of the UR-500 space launch vehicle. For many years, Westerners believed that the clustered modules of the first stage were strap-on boosters. These were in fact only propellant tanks and not self-contained stages. Publication information: Image from the files of Peter Gorin. Image and caption from Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945- 1974 (NASA SP-2000-4408) by Asif A. Siddiqi. Please note that the image number assigned to this image is not an...
Topic: Soviet Launch Vehicles
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000186.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 Smithsonian Institution
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Amelia Earhart standing in front of the Lockheed Electra in which she disappeared in July 1937. Born in Atchison, Kansas in 1897, Amelia Earhart did not begin flying until after her move to California in 1920. After taking lessons from aviation pioneer Neta Snook in a Curtiss Jenny, Earhart set out to break flying records, breaking the women altitude records in 1922. Earhart continually promoted women in aviation and in 1928 was invited to be the first women to fly across the Atlantic....
Topics: Women, What -- Electra, Where -- Kansas, Where -- California, Where -- Hawaii, Where -- Florida,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000211.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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Daniel S. Goldin was NASA longest tenured administrator, serving from April 1, 1992, to November 17, 2001. Mr. Goldin became well known for his "faster, better, cheaper" approach to cut NASA costs while still delivering a wide variety of aerospace programs. During his administration, Mr. Goldin supervised projects such as the Mars Pathfinder, Hubble Space Telescope Servicing missions, and the International Space Station. Publication information: Please note that the image number...
Topics: VIPs-People at NASA-NACA, NASA-Management, NASA-Administrators, Who -- Daniel S. Goldin, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000094.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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This is one of the R-2A missiles, thirteen of which were launched between 1957 and 1960. Many of them carried biological containers with dogs to altitudes as high as 200 kilometers. A similar container was used to carry Layka, the first living being to reach orbit, into orbit on Sputnik 2. For a brief period, Sergey Korolev, the father of the Soviet space program, also planned to use the R-2A to launch humans on vertical hops into space. Publication information: Image from the files of Asif...
Topics: Rocket Launches, Soviet Launch Vehicles, What -- Sputnik 2
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000181.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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Teacher in Space Finalists gathered at NASA's Wallops Flight Facility in June 1986. Barbara Morgan served as Christa McAuliffe's primary back-up on the STS-51L Challenger mission, which ended in failure on January 28, 1986. From left to right are Barbara R. Morgan (McCall, ID); David M. Marquart (Boise, ID); Kathleen A. Beres (Baltimore, MD); Margaret (Peggy) J. Lathlaen (Friendswood, TX); Robert S. Foerster (Lafayette, IN); Nancy (Niki) M. Wenger (Parkersburg, WV); Michael W. Metcalf...
Topics: Astronauts, Space Shuttle, Challenger, What -- STS-51, What -- Challenger, Where -- Wallops Flight...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000003.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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The mission profile for Yuri Gagarin?s pioneering flight into space. The flight took place on April 12, 1961 in the Vostok spaceship. Publication information: Image under copyright by R.F. Gibbons. Image and caption from Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945- 1974 by Asif A. Siddiqi. Please note that the image number assigned to this image is not an official NASA number. It is for GRIN database purposes only.
Topics: Soviet Launch Vehicles, Soviet Spacecraft, Soviet People- Cosmonauts, Who -- Yuri Gagarin
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000224.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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Dr. Robert C. Seamans, Jr., served as NASA's Deputy Administrator from December 21, 1965, to January 5, 1968. Before becoming Deputy Administrator Dr. Seamans was NASA's Associate Administrator for five years. Prior to joining NASA, Dr. Seamans was on a National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) technical committee. Dr. Seamans had a long working relationship with MIT, where he received his master and doctorate degrees, working as a researcher and professor before his federal service...
Topics: VIPs-People at NASA-NACA, NASA-Deputy-Administrators
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000098.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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Dr. Nancy Roman, one of the nations top scientists in the space program, is shown with a model of the Orbiting Solar Observatory (OSO). Dr. Nancy Roman received her PhD in astronomy from the University of Chicago in 1949. In 1959, Dr. Roman joined NASA and in 1960 served as Chief of the Astronomy and Relativity Programs in the Office of Space Science. She was very influential in creating satellites such as the Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). She retired...
Topics: Women, Planetary Astronomy, Deep Space Studies, Hubble, What -- Explorer, What -- COBE, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000212.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard (1882-1945). Dr. Goddard has been recognized as the father of American rocketry and as one of the pioneers in the theoretical exploration of space. Robert Hutchings Goddard, born in Worcester, Massachusetts, on October 5, 1882, was theoretical scientist as well as a practical engineer. His dream was the conquest of the upper atmosphere and ultimately space through the use of rocket propulsion. Dr. Goddard, died in 1945, but was probably as responsible for the...
Topics: VIPs-People at NASA-NACA, Where -- Massachusetts, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000131.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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Maxime A. Faget, an aeronautical engineer with a B.S. from Louisiana State University (1943), joined the staff at Langley Aeronautical Laboratory in 1946 and soon became head of the performance aerodynamics branch of the pilotless aircraft research division. There, he conducted research on the heat shield of the Mercury spacecraft. In 1958 he joined the space task group in NASA, forerunner of the NASA Manned Spacecraft Center that became the Johnson Space Center, and he became its assistant...
Topics: VIPs-People at NASA-NACA, NASA Management, What -- Mercury, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000223.html
NASA Images
Jun 25, 2002 NASA
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This still from a movie shows the transport of a 7K-L1 circumlunar spacecraft on its Proton booster on the way from the assembly building to the launch pad at Tyura-Tam. Note the cluster of solid-propellant rocket engines at the top of the launch escape tower. The hatch on the external fairing for cosmonaut entry into the actual spacecraft can be seen in the foreground as a dark oblong shape. Publication information: Image from the files of Asif Siddiqi. Image and caption from Challenge to...
Topics: Rocket Launches, Soviet Launch Vehicles, Soviet-Spacecraft
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000178.html