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NASA Images
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Mariner 4 was launched November 28, 1964 on a 228-day mission to Mars. The spacecraft carried instruments for eight interplanetary and planetary experiments including a TV camera. Mariner 4 passed Mars at a distance of 9,868 kilometers (6,118 miles), recording and transmitting to Earth our first close-up picture of the red planet. In 21 and a fraction of a 22nd picture, Mariner's TV camera scanned about one percent of the Martian surface, revealing ancient craters of varying size. Planetary...
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mariner 4, What -- Mars, What -- TV Camera, What -- Earth
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/mariner4.html
NASA Images
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Cydonia comparison In July of 1976 the Viking 1 Orbiter imaged an area of the Cydonia region located in the northern latitudes of Mars. NASA released an image of a surface feature that due to sun angle and shadows gave the appearance of a human "face." The feature is 1.5 kilometers (one mile) across. It was imaged from a range of range of 1,873 kilometers (1,164 miles) with a resolution of 30 meters (98 feet) per pixel. Data transmission drop-out errors produced the speckled...
Topics: What -- Viking 1 Orbiter, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Sun, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/images_faceonmars.html
NASA Images
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Face on Mars
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Topics: Latest Images, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/images_latestimages.html
NASA Images
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Fans and ribbons of dark sand dunes creep across the floor of Bunge Crater in response to winds blowing from the direction at the top of the picture. The frame is about 14 kilometers (9 miles) wide. This image was taken in January 2006 by the Thermal Emission Imaging System instrument on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter and posted in a special December 2010 set marking the occasion of Odyssey becoming the longest-working Mars spacecraft in history. The pictured location on Mars is 33.8 degrees south...
Topics: What -- Crater, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Mars, What -- 2001 Mars...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504750main_pia13654b-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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For more on Cydonia Mensae: http://marsprogram.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/target/index.html">MGS Targeted Observations ÊÜ
Topics: Mars Atlas, What -- Mars, What -- Atlas
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/atlas/cydonia-mensae.html
NASA Images
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The 2001 Mars Odyssey Orbiter is scheduled for launch on April 7, 2001. It will arrive at Mars on Oct. 20, 2001, if launched on schedule. After a propulsive maneuver into a 25-hour capture orbit, aerobraking will be used over the next 76 days to achieve the 2-hour science orbit. Aerobraking was utilized on the Mars Global Surveyor mission. The Orbiter will carry 3 science instruments, the Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), the Gamma Ray Spectrometer (GRS), and the Mars Radiation...
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/2001.html
NASA Images
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The High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter acquired this image during its first day of test imaging from the spacecraft's low-altitude mapping orbit, Sept. 29, 2006. This image of Mars' north polar layered deposits was taken during the summer season (solar longitude of 113.6 degrees), when carbon dioxide frost had evaporated from the surface. The bright spots seen here are most likely patches of water frost, but the location of the frost...
Topics: Calibration, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), What -- Mars, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/TRA_000825_2665.html
NASA Images
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This artist rendering shows the Mars Express spacecraft.
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/mars-express-volcanoes.html
NASA Images
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This perspective view generated from digital topography provides an overview of a portion of the Mars terrain covered in the first color image of Mars from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. It has a field of view 55 degrees wide, and no vertical exaggeration. The overview illustrates how the ridge has deformed several valleys and impact craters. The image is a subset of the first <a...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Mars, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/Release_01_3d_1x_layers1_zoom1.html
NASA Images
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This artist rendering shows the Mars Express Orbiter.
Topic: What -- Mars Express
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/marsexpress-orbiter.html
NASA Images
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This is an image of the meteorite that NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity found and examined in September 2010. Opportunity's cameras first revealed the meteorite in images taken on Sol 2363 (Sept. 16, 2010), the 2,363rd Martian day of the rover's mission on Mars. This view was taken with the panoramic camera on Sol 2371 (Sept. 24, 2010). The science team used two tools on Opportunity's arm -- the microscopic imager and the alpha particle X-ray spectrometer -- to inspect the rock's...
Topics: What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Opportunity, What -- Mars, What -- Panoramic Camera,...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/485986main_pia13418-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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Artist impression of Mars Express orbiter making a pass over the Martian surface at a lower point in its orbit. Credit: European Space Agency
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/22_MEX_hovering_L0.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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If a meteorite breaks in two shortly before hitting the ground, the typical bowl shape of a single impact crater becomes doubled. The two circular blast regions intersect, creating a straight wall separating the two craters. At the same time, ''wings'' of ejected debris shoot out to the side. The image covers an area 13 kilometers (8 miles) wide. This picture was taken in May 2005 by the Thermal Emission Imaging System instrument on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter and posted in a special December...
Topics: What -- Crater, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Mars, What -- 2001 Mars...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504693main_pia13660-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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Tracks left by NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity as it traveled along the rim of Victoria Crater can be seen clearly in this image taken by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft. This is a subframe of a larger image that the camera acquired on June 26, 2007. The larger image will be released as HiRISE catalogue number PSP_004289_1780 after geometric processing. Opportunity first approached Victoria Crater at an...
Topics: Press Release Images, What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Opportunity, What -- Crater,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/press/PSP_004289_1780_sub.html
NASA Images
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The Mars Science Laboratory will be much larger than NASA's two Mars Exploration Rovers that began exploring the red planet in early 2004. Credit: NASA
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/gallery/spacecraft/MSLRoverConfig2.html
NASA Images
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The HiRISE camera will provide the highest-resolution images yet from martian orbit.ÊÜ These high resolution images will enable scientists to resolve 1-meter (about 3-foot) sized objects on Mars and to study the morphology (surface structure) in a much more comprehensive manner than ever before.
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/artwork/MRO_hirise.html
NASA Images
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An Atlas 5 rocket will launch the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter in August 2005.ÊÜ Lockheed Martin is building the orbiter at its facility near Denver, Colorado.ÊÜ Lockheed Martin is also building the Atlas 5, designated AV-007, that will launch the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter from launch complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Credit: Lockheed Martin
Topics: Launch, What -- Atlas, What -- Mars, Where -- Denver
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/av_002_006.html
NASA Images
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In April 2000 we presented all the images that had been taken in the Cydonia region of Mars up until that time. This is the area where popular books, magazine articles, tabloids and other news/infotainment media have speculated that some of the hills and mesas were artificially-shaped by extraterrestrial intelligence into forms such as a pyramid, a cone, and, most publicized, a face. Owing to this continuing interest, the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) team has, whenever the Mars Global Surveyor...
Topics: Mars Atlas, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/atlas/theface.html
NASA Images
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This mosaic of nighttime infrared images of Gusev Crater, taken by the camera system on the Mars Odyssey spacecraft, has been draped over topography data obtained by Mars Global Surveyor. Variations in nighttime temperatures are due to differences in the abundance of rocky materials that retain their heat at night and stay relatively warm (bright). Fine grained dust and sand (dark) cools off more rapidly at night. This image mosaic covers an area approximately 180 kilometers (110 miles) on each...
Topics: What -- Crater, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- 2001 Mars...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/craters/PIA04261.html
This artist's concept of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter at Mars features one of its instruments - the Mars Climate Sounder - in action. Using nine channels across the visible and thermal infrared ranges of the spectrum, the Mars Climate Sounder looks first at space through the atmosphere above the horizon of Mars to get a vertical profile with temperature, pressure, dust opacity and water vapor concentration measurements every 5 kilometers (3 miles) in the vertical from the ground to 80 km...
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars Climate Sounder, What -- Mars, What -- Earth
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/artwork/MRO-Mars-Climate-Sounder.html
NASA Images
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Securing the 2001 Orbiter before entering the Thermal Vacuum Chamber
Topic: 2001 Orbiter Enters Thermal Vacuum Chamber
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/spacecraft/tvcenter.html
NASA Images
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Color coding in this map of a far-northern site on Mars indicates the change in nighttime ground-surface temperature between summer and fall. This site, like most of high-latitude Mars, has water ice mixed with soil near the surface. The ice is probably in a rock-hard frozen layer beneath a few centimeters or inches of looser, dry soil. The amount of temperature change at the surface likely corresponds to how close to the surface the icy material lies. The dense, icy layer retains heat better...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Mars, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Phoenix...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/martianterrain/PIA09335-Bandfield_fig2_rgb.html
NASA Images
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The name "2001 Mars Odyssey" was selected as a tribute to the vision and spirit of space exploration as embodied in the works of renowned science fiction author Arthur C. Clarke. Evocative of one of his most celebrated works, the name speaks to our hopes for the future and of the fundamental human desire to explore the unknown despite great dangers, the risk of failure and the daunting, enormous depths of space.
Topics: Slideshow: 01 - 2001 Mars Odyssey Slides, What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, What -- Mars, What -- Spirit
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/slideshows/show01/s01-20.html
NASA Images
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This image from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter shows "Victoria crater," an impact crater at Meridiani Planum, near the equator of Mars. The crater is approximately 800 meters (half a mile) in diameter. It has a distinctive scalloped shape to its rim, caused by erosion and downhill movement of crater wall material. Layered sedimentary rocks are exposed along the inner wall of the crater, and boulders that have fallen from the crater...
Topics: Press Release Images, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), What -- Mars...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/press/rover-color-close-up2b.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Humanity is a very visual species. We rely on our eyes to tell us what is going on in the world around us. Put any image in front of a person and that person will examine the picture looking for anything familiar. Even if the examiner has no idea what he/she is looking at in a picture, he/she will still be able to make a statement about the picture, usually preceded by the words ''it looks like...'' The image above is part of the surface of Mars, but is presented for its artistic value rather...
Topics: What -- Mars, What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), Where --...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504670main_pia05462b-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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Image and animation credit: NOAA You might not often consider forecasts for other planets or stars. After all, they don't affect you, right? WRONG! Solar flares, or sudden bursts of energy from the Sun, can interrupt communication and electricity here on Earth. Guardians of in-flight spacecraft are especially sensitive to volatile solar forecasts since the emissions from our warm star can damage them severely. September 7, 2005 saw the fourth largest solar flare in the last 15 years! The Mars...
Topics: Cruise, What -- Sun, What -- Earth, What -- Mars, What -- MRO, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/cruise/solar-flare-20050907.html
NASA Images
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These Mars Odyssey images show layered deposits located on the floor of Ganges Chasma, part of the Valles Marineris canyon system, in both infrared (left) and visible (right) wavelengths. The images were acquired simultaneously by the thermal emission imaging system on March 17, 2002. The box shows where the visible image is located wthin the infrared image. The infrared image displays variations in surface temperature where bright tones indicate warmer surfaces and dark tones are cooler ones....
Topics: What -- Mars, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Sun, What -- 2001 Mars...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/canyons/PIA03861.html
NASA Images
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The designated landing site for the first Mars Exploration Rover mission is Gusev Crater, seen here in its geological context from NASA Viking images.
Topics: Craters, What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Crater, What -- Viking
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/craters/20030411a.html
NASA Images
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This artist rendering shows the Mars Express spacecraft in orbit around Mars. Credit: ESA
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/35699.html
NASA Images
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This map shows the topography of the south polar region of Mars, including topography buried by thick deposits of icy material. The map is a combination of surface elevation data acquired by the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter aboard NASAÔø_Ôø_Ôø_s Mars Global Surveyor orbiter, and subsurface elevation data acquired by the Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionospheric Sounding (MARSIS) aboard the European Space AgencyÔø_Ôø_Ôø_s Mars Express orbiter. The black line shows the...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Polar, What -- Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionospheric...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/martianterrain/20070315_PIA09225-MARSIS_map_base.html
NASA Images
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A key aspect of the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Extended Mission is the opportunity to turn the spacecraft and point the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) at specific features of interest. A chance to point the spacecraft comes about ten times a week. Throughout the Primary Mission (March 1999 - January 2001), nearly all MGS operations were conducted with the spacecraft pointing "nadir"---that is, straight down. In this orientation, opportunities to hit a specific small feature of interest...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Opportunity,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/face_E03-00824_proc.html
NASA Images
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Shortly after midnight Sunday morning (5 April 1998 12:39 AM PST), the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) on the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) spacecraft successfully acquired a high resolution image of the 'Face on Mars' feature in the Cydonia region. The image was transmitted to Earth on Sunday, and retrieved from the mission computer data base Monday morning (6 April 1998). The image was processed at the Malin Space Science Systems (MSSS) facility 9:15 AM and the raw image immediately transferred to the...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars, What...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/PIA01442.html
NASA Images
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Two Earth years ago, NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Spirit touched down in Gusev Crater. The rover marked its first Mars-year (687 Earth days) anniversary in November 2005. Shortly before Spirit's Martian anniversary, the Mars Orbiter Camera on NASA's Mars Global Surveyor acquired an image covering approximately 3 kilometers by 3 kilometers (1.9 miles by 1.9 miles) centered on the rover's location at that time in the "Columbia Hills." "Husband Hill," the tallest in the range,...
Topics: Latest Images, What -- Earth, What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Spirit, What -- Crater,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/PIA03253.html
NASA Images
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This suite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) pictures provides a vista of martian gullies on the northern wall of a 12 kilometer-(7.4 mile)-wide meteor impact crater east of the Gorgonum Chaos region on the red planet. The first picture (lower left) is a composite of three different high resolution MOC views obtained in 1999 and 2000. The second picture (lower right) shows the location of the high resolution views relative to the whole crater as it appeared in the highest...
Topics: Water Features, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/waterfeatures/PIA01038.html
NASA Images
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Scientists and engineers at the University of Arizona are gearing up to see the first test images of Mars taken by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera. The camera team expects to begin receiving the images early Friday (March 24, 2006). The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter will be farther from Mars when the camera takes these test images than it will be when the mission's main science phase begins next fall, so the resolution of features in the images will not match what...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Mars, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), Where --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/HiRISE_model.html
NASA Images
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Observations by NASA's 2001 Mars Odyssey spacecraft show a global view of Mars in intermediate-energy, or epithermal, neutrons. Soil enriched by hydrogen is indicated by the deep blue colors on the map, which show a low intensity of epithermal neutrons. Progressively smaller amounts of hydrogen are shown in the colors light blue, green, yellow and red. The deep blue areas in the polar regions are believed to contain up to 50 percent water ice in the upper one meter (three feet) of the soil....
Topics: What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, What -- Mars, What -- Polar, What -- Spectrometer, What -- Meridian,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/latestimages/20020528a.html
NASA Images
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These Mars Odyssey images show the "White Rock" feature on Mars in both infrared (left) and visible (right) wavelengths. The images were acquired simultaneously on March 11, 2002. The box shows where the visible image is located in the infrared image. "White Rock" is the unofficial name for this unusual landform that was first observed during the Mariner 9 mission in the early 1970's. The variations in brightness in the infrared image are due to differences in surface...
Topics: What -- Mars, What -- Mariner 9, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Crater,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/martianterrain/PIA03862.html
NASA Images
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Keen sky watchers in Japan caught a quick glimpse of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter as it sped through the sky on its path to the red planet. On Friday, August 12, 2005 sky watchers at the Kumamoto Civil Astronomical Observatory in Japan thought they might be seeing a comet or other unidentified object. The sighting turned out to be the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter streaking through the Pegasus constellation in the night sky. The streak appears at the top of this image in the center. The image,...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Mars, What -- Pegasus, What -- Constellation, What -- Atlas, What -- MRO,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/MRO_streak.html
NASA Images
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Lockheed Martin Space Systems engineer Terry Kampmann (left) and lead technician Jack Farmerie work on assembly and test of NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft bus in a cleanroom at the company's Denver facility. In coming months, the orbiter's science instruments will be integrated and tested, followed by environmental testing of the completed spacecraft. Launch of Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is scheduled for August 2005. The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter project is managed for the...
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars, Where -- Denver, Where -- Washington, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/spacecraft/20040809a-01.html
NASA Images
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This image mosaic of part of the "Rock Garden" was taken by the Sojourner rover's left front camera on Sol 71 (September 14). The rock "Shark" is at left center and 'Half Dome' is at right. Fine-scale textures on the rocks are clearly seen. Broken crust-like material is visible at bottom center. Mars Pathfinder is the second in NASA's Discovery program of low-cost spacecraft with highly focused science goals. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, developed and manages...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Mars, What -- Discovery, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Where...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/PIA00940.html
NASA Images
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Viking Lander
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Viking
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/vikinglandera.html
NASA Images
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Ruth Fragoso, Launch Operations Engineer, and Glen Havens, Mission Operations Systems Engineer (MOSE), glance from their streaming spacecraft data to appreciate the sweet success of MRO's initial phase of launch before dawn Pacific Time on August 12, 2005. Credit: NASA/JPL
Topics: Launch, What -- Dawn, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/Ruth_Glen.html
NASA Images
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One might say that today is Deimos' birthday. To celebrate, we present here the first and only Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image of this tiny moon. Deimos was discovered 129 years ago on 11 August 1877 (U.S. time, it was 12 August UTC), by U.S. astronomer Asaph Hall. It was the first of two major discoveries that he made that month; less than a week later, he found the other, inner martian satellite, Phobos. About a month before the 129th anniversary of its discovery,...
Topics: Latest Images, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Moon, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/20060811S2000602deimos.html
NASA Images
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This is an artist's concept of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter during its critical Mars Orbit Insertion process. In order to be captured into orbit around Mars, the spacecraft must conduct a 25-minute rocket burn when it is just shy of reaching the planet. As pictured, it will pass under the red planet's southern hemisphere as it begins the insertion.
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/artwork/MRO-MOI.html
NASA Images
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The most exciting new aspect of the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Extended Mission is the opportunity to turn the spacecraft and point the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) at specific features of interest. Opportunities to point the spacecraft come about ten times a week. Throughout the Primary Mission (March 1999 - January 2001), nearly all MGS operations were conducted with the spacecraft pointing "nadir"---that is, straight down. A search for the missing Mars Polar Lander in late 1999 and...
Topics: Sand Dunes, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Opportunity, What...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/sanddunes/E03-2016_FHA-451anaglyph.html
NASA Images
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This image shows the Pathfinder lander on the surface. Zooming in, one can discern the ramps, science deck, and portions of the airbags on the Pathfinder lander. (See next image for closer view.) The back shell and parachute are to the south, and four features that may be portions of the heat shield are identified. Two of these were visible from Pathfinder. At the time of that mission, the nearest object was provisionally identified as the back shell. However, analysis of the HiRISE image and...
Topics: Press Release Images, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), What -- Mars...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/press/hirise-pathfinder-landing.html
NASA Images
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This image is an artist's concept of a view looking down on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The spacecraft is pictured using its SHARAD radar to "look" under the surface of Mars. The SHARAD instrument will seek liquid or frozen water within the first few hundred feet (up to a kilometer) under the martian surface.
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars, What -- SHARAD
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/artwork/MRO-SHARAD-top-view.html
NASA Images
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One of several concept drawings for a potential Mars airplane in the future.
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/marsplanescout.html
NASA Images
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Showing heritage, the relative sizes of Pathfinder, Mars Exploration Rover, and Mars Science Laboratory wheels keep growing. Credit: NASA/JPL
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/gallery/spacecraft/wheels_isometric.html
NASA Images
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Weathered clay deposits sliced by a channel known as Mawrth Vallis, from the Welsh word for Mars, are one of 36 areas under consideration as potential landing sites for the Mars Science Laboratory, scheduled for launch in 2009. NASA's Odyssey orbiter is helping Mars explorers identify safe places to land. Clays, such as those revealed in the Martian highlands by the OMEGA instrument on the European Space Agency's Mars Express orbiter, are of interest to scientists because nature requires lots...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Mars Express, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/martianterrain/Odyssey_OU_20070712.html
Mars Collection
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The "gorilla cage," holding the multi-mission radioisotope thermoelectric generator (MMRTG) for NASA's Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission, is settled on one of the upper levels above the Atlas V rocket in the Vertical Integration Facility at Space Launch Complex 41. The MMRTG will be installed on the MSL spacecraft, encapsulated within the payload fairing. The MMRTG will generate the power needed for the mission from the natural decay of plutonium-238, a non-weapons-grade form of...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/gallery/2011-11-17.html
NASA Images
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This enhanced image shows the inside of a rimless pit about 180 meters (591 feet) in diameter, northwest of the mountain Ascraeus Mons in the northern hemisphere of Mars. The pit has a very steep eastern wall (on the right) and a more gently sloped western wall. Shadows and overhangs obscure some of the interior, but this stretched-brightness image shows boulders and sand ripples on the floor. The image is part of an observation made by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE)...
Topics: What -- Mars, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), Where -- Jet Propulsion...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/503149main_pia13650a_full.jpg
NASA Images
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The launch services team at Kennedy Space Center conducted an all-important "wet dress rehearsal" for the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter mission in mid-July, 2005. During the rehearsal, the Atlas V rocket was fired. Pre-liftoff operations were conducted and the rocket's engine was fueled. The launch of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) is scheduled for Aug. 10, 2005. Launch of the spacecraft aboard an Atlas V rocket will be from Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station...
Topics: Launch, What -- Mars, What -- Atlas, What -- MRO, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Where --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/KSC-MRO-wet-rehersal.html
NASA Images
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With the release this month (October 2002) of the latest installment of 18,812 images, the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) passes another major milestone: more than 100,000 images have been validated and archived with the NASA Planetary Data System. The total number of archived images now available on-line is 112,218--more than twice the number of pictures acquired by the two Viking orbiters in 1976-1980. These pictures, from MOC extended mission subphases E07 through E12,...
Topics: Craters, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Viking, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/craters/20021007a.html
NASA Images
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Three days after the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter's Aug. 12, 2005, launch, the spacecraft was pointed toward Earth and the Mars Color Imager camera was powered up to acquire a suite of images of Earth and the Moon. When it gets to Mars, the Mars Color Imager's main objective will be to obtain daily global color and ultraviolet images of the planet to observe martian meteorology by documenting the occurrence of dust storms, clouds, and ozone. This camera will also observe how the martian surface...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Mars Color Imager (MARCI), What -- Earth, What -- Imager, What -- Moon, What...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/fullmarci_bigmoonearth.html
NASA Images
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This view, covering an area approximately 580 kilometers (360 miles) wide, shows the location of a study area within Mars' Candor Chasma within regional context. The image is excerpted from a larger image (available at http://themis.asu.edu/zoom-20041008A) based on data collected by the Thermal Emission Imaging System camera on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter. Rock layers in the indicated study area have been observed by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment camera on NASA's Mars...
Topics: Press Release Images, What -- Mars, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- High...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/press/20071211a.html
NASA Images
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The high resolution camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter captured its first image of Mars in the mapping orbit, demonstrating the full resolution capability, on Sept. 29, 2006. The High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) acquired this image at 8:16 AM (Pacific Time), and parts of the image became available to the HiRISE team at 1:30 PM. With the spacecraft at an altitude of 280 kilometers (174 miles), the image scale is 29.7 centimeters per pixel (about 12 inches per pixel)....
Topics: Calibration, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), What -- Mars, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/firstimage.html
NASA Images
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Testing and Installation of Marie Instrument
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/instruments/MARIE.html
NASA Images
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The Martian Radiation Environment Experiment will measure the radiation environment on the way to Mars and in the Martian orbit. Space radiation comes from cosmic rays emitted by our local star, the sun, and from stars beyond our solar system as well. Similar instruments are flown on the Space Shuttles and on the International Space Station (ISS), but none have ever flown outside of Earth's protective magnetosphere, which blocks much of this radiation from reaching the surface of our planet.
Topics: Slideshow: 01 - 2001 Mars Odyssey Slides, What -- Mars, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Sun,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/slideshows/show01/s01-16.html
Mars Collection
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With NASA's Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) spacecraft sealed inside its payload fairing, the United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket rides smoke and flames as it rises from the launch pad at Space Launch Complex-41 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida at 10:02 a.m. EST Nov. 26. Courtesy: Scott Andrews/Canon Nov. 26, 2011
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/gallery/2011-11-26-padliftoff.html
NASA Images
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MEDIA RELATIONS OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PASADENA, CALIF. 91109. TELEPHONE (818) 354-5011 http://www.jpl.nasa.gov PHOTO CAPTION PIA-03459 October 31, 2001 This thermal infrared image was acquired by Mars Odyssey's thermal emission imaging system on October 30, 2001, as the spacecraft orbited Mars on its ninth revolution around the planet. The image was taken as part of the calibration and testing process of...
Topics: What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Mars, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/calibration/01oct31.html
NASA Images
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This THEMIS image shows a sinuous valley network channel with sharp bends cutting across the cratered highlands of the southern hemisphere of Mars. The channel is named Nirgal Vallis, which is from the Babylonian word for "Mars". Nirgal Vallis is a channe l with a total length of approximately 500 km. It is approximately 6 km wide in this region. Gullies and alluvial deposits discovered by Mars Global Surveyor are clearly visible on the polar-facing (south) wall and floor of Nirgal...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- THEMIS, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/PIA03756.html
NASA Images
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Looking like an overly enthusiastic tourist, artist Tina DiCicco's quirky character emphasizes the mission's ability to "see" as no other orbiter before it. Credit: NASA/JPL/DiCicco
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/artwork/07292005_MRO_green.html
NASA Images
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The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter in its aerobraking stage
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/artwork/MRO_Aerobrake.html
NASA Images
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NASA's Viking Lander 1 touched down in western Chryse Planitia on July 20, 1976. The lander, which has a diameter of about 3 meters (10 feet), has been precisely located in this image from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Also, likely locations have been found for the heat shield, back shell, and parachute attached to the back shell. The lander location has been confirmed by overlaying the lander-derived topographic contours on the...
Topics: Press Release Images, What -- Viking 1 Lander, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/press/PSP_001521_2025_VL-1_annot.html
NASA Images
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This enhanced image shows the inside of a rimless pit about 310 meters (1,017 feet) in diameter, northwest of the mountain Ascraeus Mons in the northern hemisphere of Mars. The pit has a very steep eastern wall (on the right) and more gently sloped western wall. Shadows and overhangs obscure some of the interior, but this stretched-brightness image shows boulders on the floor. The image is part of an observation made by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's...
Topics: What -- Mars, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), Where -- Jet Propulsion...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/503137main_pia13650b_full.jpg
NASA Images
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Image Credit: NASA/SSL
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/473345main_GalleryStatic_full.jpg
NASA Images
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Viewers experience roller-coaster twists and turns as they fly up a winding tributary valley that feeds into Valles Marineris, the "Grand Canyon of Mars." Geologists think channels such as these were carved by water as it escaped through faults and cracks in the subsurface. This caused the ground above it to collapse, leaving a meandering channel that resembles a stream valley on Earth. This scene comes from "Flight Through Mariner Valley," an exciting video produced for...
Topics: What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Earth, What -- Mariner, What -- Thermal...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/canyons/2021_WindingTributary.html
NASA Images
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This image of the Terra Sirenum region of Mars was taken by the Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM) at 0918 UTC (4:18 a.m. EST) on Nov. 25, 2006, near 38.9 degrees south latitude, 195.9 degrees east longitude. CRISM's image was taken in 544 colors covering 0.36-3.92 micrometers, and shows features as small as 18 meters (60 feet) across. At this time, Mars' southern hemisphere was experiencing mid-winter. During Martian southern winter, the southern polar cap is covered...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Terra, What -- Mars, What -- Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/seasonalFrost.html
NASA Images
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Installation of Gamma-ray Spectrometer & HEND
Topics: Installation of Gamma-ray Spectrometer & HEND, What -- Spectrometer
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/spacecraft/installationGRSHEND.html
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After three days of stoic seriousness preparing for launch, Todd Bayer, Chief Engineer, and Dan Johnston, Deputy Mission Manager, crack their first smiles of relief and happiness in the Mission Support Area (MSA) at Jet Propulsion Laboratory during MRO's successful launch on August 12, 2005. Credit: NASA/JPL
Topics: Launch, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/Dan_Johnston.html
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December 20, 2000 -- Orbiter Passes Review in Preparation for Shipment to Kennedy
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/spacecraft/dec20-00.html
NASA Images
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On Earth, the longitude of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England is defined as the 'prime meridian,' or the zero point of longitude. Locations on Earth are measured in degrees east or west from this position. The prime meridian was defined by international agreement in 1884 as the position of the large 'transit circle', a telescope in the Observatory's Meridian Building. The transit circle was built by Sir George Biddell Airy, the 7th Astronomer Royal, in 1850. (While visual observations...
Topics: Mars Atlas, What -- Earth, What -- Meridian, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/atlas/PIA03207.html
NASA Images
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Martian 'fretted terrain' occurs in regions of buttes and mesas that stand at the erosional margin where northern low-lying plains meet the higher-standing cratered uplands. Found mostly in the mid-northern latitudes, some of the best examples of fretted terrain occur in Deuteronilus Mensae. Here, the interaction of the process that creates the mesas and buttes, the processes that modify these surfaces after they form, and the relationship of both of these processes with the...
Topics: Craters, What -- Crater, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/craters/PIA03209.html
NASA Images
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Tharsis Montes is the largest volcanic region on Mars. It is approximately 4,000 km across,10 km high, and contains 12 large volcanoes. The largest volcanoes in the Tharsis region are 4 shield volcanoes named Ascraeus Mons, Pavonis Mons, Arsia Mons, and Olympus Mons. The Tharsis Montes (Ascraeus, Pavonis, and Arsia) are located on the crest of the crustal bulge and their summits are about the same elevation as the summit of Olympus Mons, the largest of the Tharsis volcanoes. While not the...
Topics: Mars Atlas, What -- Mars, What -- Earth, What -- Atlas
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/atlas/tharsis-montes.html