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NASA Images
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Mariner 4 was launched November 28, 1964 on a 228-day mission to Mars. The spacecraft carried instruments for eight interplanetary and planetary experiments including a TV camera. Mariner 4 passed Mars at a distance of 9,868 kilometers (6,118 miles), recording and transmitting to Earth our first close-up picture of the red planet. In 21 and a fraction of a 22nd picture, Mariner's TV camera scanned about one percent of the Martian surface, revealing ancient craters of varying size. Planetary...
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mariner 4, What -- Mars, What -- TV Camera, What -- Earth
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/mariner4.html
NASA Images
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Cydonia comparison In July of 1976 the Viking 1 Orbiter imaged an area of the Cydonia region located in the northern latitudes of Mars. NASA released an image of a surface feature that due to sun angle and shadows gave the appearance of a human "face." The feature is 1.5 kilometers (one mile) across. It was imaged from a range of range of 1,873 kilometers (1,164 miles) with a resolution of 30 meters (98 feet) per pixel. Data transmission drop-out errors produced the speckled...
Topics: What -- Viking 1 Orbiter, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Sun, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/images_faceonmars.html
NASA Images
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This view shows sharp detail of a scarp at the head of Chasma Boreale, a large trough cut by erosion into the martian north polar cap and the layered material beneath the ice cap. The picture is a mosaic of two images acquired in January 2005 by the Mars Orbiter Camera on NASA's Mars Global Surveyor, using a resolution-enhancing technique called "compensated pitch and roll targeted observation." The camera team considers this the best pair of images yet acquired using that technique....
Topics: 8 Year Anniversary, What -- Polar, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/PIA04296.html
NASA Images
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Face on Mars
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Topics: Latest Images, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/images_latestimages.html
NASA Images
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This image, taken by Sojourner's front right camera, was taken when the rover was next to Poohbear (rock at left) and Piglet (not seen) as it looked out toward Mermaid Dune. The textures differ from the foreground soil containing a sorted mix of small rocks, fines and clods, from the area a bit ahead of the rover where the surface is covered with a bright drift material. Soil experiments where the rover wheels dug in the soil revealed that the cloudy material exists underneath the drift. Mars...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Mars, What -- Discovery, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Where...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/PIA00925.html
NASA Images
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Mars Science Laboratory plans to launch in 2009.
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/msl.html
NASA Images
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The boulder-strewn field of red rocks reaches to the horizon nearly two miles from Viking 2 on Mars' Utopian Plain. Scientists believe the colors of the Martian surface and sky in this photo represent their true colors. Fine particles of red dust have settled on spacecraft surfaces. The salmon color of the sky is caused by dust particles suspended in the atmosphere. Color calibration charts for the cameras are mounted at three locations on the spacecraft. Note the blue starfield and red stripes...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Viking, What -- Mars, What -- Earth, What -- Camera 1, What -- Camera 2
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/PIA01522.html
NASA Images
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Fans and ribbons of dark sand dunes creep across the floor of Bunge Crater in response to winds blowing from the direction at the top of the picture. The frame is about 14 kilometers (9 miles) wide. This image was taken in January 2006 by the Thermal Emission Imaging System instrument on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter and posted in a special December 2010 set marking the occasion of Odyssey becoming the longest-working Mars spacecraft in history. The pictured location on Mars is 33.8 degrees south...
Topics: What -- Crater, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Mars, What -- 2001 Mars...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504750main_pia13654b-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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The sharpest view of Mars ever taken from Earth was obtained by the recently refurbished NASA Hubble Space Telescope (HST). This stunning portrait was taken with the HST Wide Field Planetary Camera- 2 (WFPC2) on March 10, 1997, just before Mars opposition, when the red planet made one of its closest passes to the Earth (about 60 million miles or 100 million km). At this distance, a single picture element (pixel) in WFPC2's Planetary Camera spans 13 miles (22 km) on the Martian surface. The...
Topics: Global Views of Mars, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Earth, What -- Hubble...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/global/PIA01249.html
NASA Images
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Mars Orbiter
Topics: 2001 Orbiter Completes Acoustic Testing, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/spacecraft/atcomplete.html
NASA Images
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A close-up view of the rock 'Moe' in the Rock Garden at the Pathfinder landing site. Moe is a meter-size boulder that, as seen from Sojourner, has a relatively smooth yet pitted texture upon close examination. Such a texture is seen on Earth on rocks that have been abraded by wind in a process that is analogous to sand blasting. This view of Moe shows two faces on the rock, one (left side of the rock) facing north-northeast and the other (right side) facing east. These two faces are thought to...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Earth, What -- STEREO, What -- Mars, What -- Discovery, Where -- Jet...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/PIA01564.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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If a meteorite breaks in two shortly before hitting the ground, the typical bowl shape of a single impact crater becomes doubled. The two circular blast regions intersect, creating a straight wall separating the two craters. At the same time, ''wings'' of ejected debris shoot out to the side. The image covers an area 13 kilometers (8 miles) wide. This picture was taken in May 2005 by the Thermal Emission Imaging System instrument on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter and posted in a special December...
Topics: What -- Crater, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Mars, What -- 2001 Mars...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504693main_pia13660-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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Artist's concept of the Phoenix Scout View the <a href="http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/newsroom/pressreleases/20030804a.html">press release of the Phoenix mission</a>
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Phoenix
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/phoenix.html
NASA Images
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This image showing the position of the Martian moon Deimos against a background of stars is part of a successful technology demonstration completed by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter before arrival at Mars. The spacecraft's Optical Navigation Camera was used in February and March 2006 to demonstrate the use of pictures from a small camera for calculating precise location of a Mars-bound spacecraft by comparing the observed positions of Mars' two moons to their predicted positions relative to...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Moon, What -- Mars, What -- Optical Navigation Camera, What -- Navigation...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/MRO-opnav-Deimos.html
NASA Images
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Two views of Olympus Mons, shown as topography draped over a Viking image mosaic. MOLA's regional topography has shown that this volcano sits off to the west of the main Tharsis rise rather than on its western flank. The topography also clearly shows the relationship between the volcano's scarp and massive aureole deposit that was produced by flank collapse. The vertical exaggeration is 10:1. Image Credit: NASA/MOLA Science Team
Topics: Volcanoes, What -- Viking
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/volcanoes/PIA02806.html
NASA Images
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A key aspect of the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Extended Mission is the opportunity to turn the spacecraft and point the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) at specific features of interest. A chance to point the spacecraft comes about ten times a week. Throughout the Primary Mission (March 1999 - January 2001), nearly all MGS operations were conducted with the spacecraft pointing "nadir"---that is, straight down. In this orientation, opportunities to hit a specific small feature of interest...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Opportunity,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/face_E03-00824_proc.html
NASA Images
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Comparison of Land Masses
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/artwork/earthmarspangea.html
NASA Images
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Launch preparations of the 2001 Mars Oddysey at Kennedy Space Center.
Topics: What -- Mars, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/video/v-ksc-02-2001.html
NASA Images
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Launch preparations of the 2001 Mars Oddysey at Kennedy Space Center.
Topics: What -- Mars, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/video/v-ksc-03-2001.html
NASA Images
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This perspective view generated from digital topography provides an overview of a portion of the Mars terrain covered in the first color image of Mars from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. It has a field of view 55 degrees wide, and no vertical exaggeration. The overview illustrates how the ridge has deformed several valleys and impact craters. The image is a subset of the first <a...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Mars, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/Release_01_3d_1x_layers1.html
NASA Images
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Keen sky watchers in Japan caught a quick glimpse of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter as it sped through the sky on its path to the red planet. On Friday, August 12, 2005 sky watchers at the Kumamoto Civil Astronomical Observatory in Japan thought they might be seeing a comet or other unidentified object. The sighting turned out to be the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter streaking through the Pegasus constellation in the night sky. The streak appears at the top of this image in the center. The image,...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Mars, What -- Pegasus, What -- Constellation, What -- Atlas, What -- MRO,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/MRO_streak.html
Mars Collection
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This image displays the type of detail discernable with the telescopic camera of the Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory mission's Curiosity rover. The instrument uses a telescope for spectroscopic analysis of chemical elements in targets such as rocks or soil. The same telescope serves the instrument's camera, called the remote microimager. For this image, the remote microimager photographed a dollar bill from 10 feet (3 meters) away. ChemCam was conceived,...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/pia15105.html
NASA Images
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Ruth Fragoso, Launch Operations Engineer, and Glen Havens, Mission Operations Systems Engineer (MOSE), glance from their streaming spacecraft data to appreciate the sweet success of MRO's initial phase of launch before dawn Pacific Time on August 12, 2005. Credit: NASA/JPL
Topics: Launch, What -- Dawn, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/Ruth_Glen.html
NASA Images
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The Mars Science Laboratory will be much larger than NASA's two Mars Exploration Rovers that began exploring the red planet in early 2004. Credit: NASA
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/gallery/spacecraft/MSLRoverConfig2.html
NASA Images
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Tracks left by NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity as it traveled along the rim of Victoria Crater can be seen clearly in this image taken by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft. This is a subframe of a larger image that the camera acquired on June 26, 2007. The larger image will be released as HiRISE catalogue number PSP_004289_1780 after geometric processing. Opportunity first approached Victoria Crater at an...
Topics: Press Release Images, What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Opportunity, What -- Crater,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/press/PSP_004289_1780_sub.html
NASA Images
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A small, lightweight camera aboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter could make the precise work of navigators even more accurate! Optical navigation involves using a camera or cameras on a spacecraft to take pictures of a target body or bodies during a mission. Those pictures are then used to determine the position of the spacecraft with respect to the target. "It's really watching where you're going by opening the spacecraft's 'eyes,' or cameras, and looking at the position of the target...
Topics: Cruise, What -- Mars, What -- Moon, What -- COMETS
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/cruise/nav-cam-Phobos_Deimos.html
NASA Images
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Frosty white water ice clouds and swirling orange dust storms above a vivid rusty landscape reveal Mars as a dynamic planet in this sharpest view ever obtained by an Earth-based telescope. NASA's Earth-orbiting Hubble Space Telescope took the picture on June 26, when Mars was approximately 43 million miles (68 million km) from Earth -- the closest Mars has ever been to Earth since 1988. Hubble can see details as small as 10 miles (16 km) across. The colors have been carefully balanced to give a...
Topics: Global Views of Mars, What -- Mars, What -- Earth, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/global/julymars0124.html
NASA Images
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NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander monitors the atmosphere overhead and reaches out to the soil below in this artist's depiction of the spacecraft fully deployed on the surface of Mars. Phoenix has been assembled and tested for launch in August 2007 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla., and for landing in May or June 2008 on an arctic plain of far-northern Mars. The mission responds to evidence returned from NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter in 2002 indicating that most high-latitude areas on Mars...
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Phoenix Mars Lander, What -- Mars, What -- Phoenix, What -- Beam
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/Phoenix-Lander-on-Mars-hi-res-300-dpi.html
NASA Images
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This artist rendering shows the Mars Express spacecraft.
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/mars-express-volcanoes.html
NASA Images
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The MARIE instrument on the Odyssey orbiter will provide radiation data that is vital to the eventual human exploration of Mars. Radiation from cosmic rays can trigger cancer and cause damage to the central nervous system. The experiment will analyze potential radiation doses that would be experienced by future astronauts and determine the resulting health risks to them.
Topics: Slideshow: 01 - 2001 Mars Odyssey Slides, What -- Mars, What -- Cancer, What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/slideshows/show01/s01-17.html
NASA Images
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Mars Science Laboratory plans to launch in 2009.
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/gallery/spacecraft/MSL_ultra-hi-res-300dpi.html
NASA Images
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Viking Orbiter-Lander
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Viking
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/vikingorbiterlander.html
NASA Images
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Five years after leaving Florida for Mars, NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft is still orbiting the red planet, collecting scientific data and relaying communications from NASA's two Mars rovers to Earth. Images such as this spectacular, color view of sun-bathed, layered escarpments and wind-scalloped, basalt dunes in the solar system's largest canyon continue to beckon space explorers and guide the way for future missions. Basaltic dunes are common on Mars but rare on Earth. Rounded knobs and...
Topics: Latest Images, What -- Mars, What -- Earth, What -- Sun, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/latestimages/20060407.html
NASA Images
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MOC image of dunes in Chasma Boreale, a giant trough in the north polar cap. This September 1998 view shows dark sand emergent from beneath a veneer of bright frost left over from the northern winter that ended in July 1998. Photo Credit: NASA/JPL/Malin Space Science Systems
Topics: Polar Ice Caps, What -- Polar
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/polaricecaps/PIA02069.html
NASA Images
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This map shows the estimated lower limit of the water content of the upper meter of Martian soil. The estimates are derived from the hydrogen abundance measured by the neutron spectrometer component of the gamma ray spectrometer suite on NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft. The highest water-mass fractions, exceeding 30 percent to well over 60 percent, are in the polar regions, beyond about 60 degrees latitude north or south. Farther from the poles, significant concentrations are in the area bound...
Topics: What -- Spectrometer, What -- Gamma Ray Spectrometer Suite, What -- Mars, What -- Polar, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/science/PIA04907.html
NASA Images
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This artist rendering shows the Mars Express spacecraft in orbit around Mars.
Topics: What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/marsexpress-orbit3.html
NASA Images
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Flight system manager Howard Eisen stands in front of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter's protective fairing just days before the launch. The colorful mission logo is partially visible on the fairing. Credit: NASA/JPL
Topics: Launch, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/Eisen_fairing.html
NASA Images
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MSL Animation
Topic: What -- MSL
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/gallery/videos.html
NASA Images
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Launch preparations of the 2001 Mars Oddysey at Kennedy Space Center.
Topics: What -- Mars, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/video/v-ksc-04-2001.html
NASA Images
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Workers in the Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility stand by as the first half of the fairing (left) is moved closer to the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (right) for installation. The fairing protects the spacecraft during launch and flight through the atmosphere. Once in space, it is jettisoned. Launch of the orbiter aboard an Atlas V rocket will be from Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida in a window opening Aug. 10. Credit: NASA
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars, What -- Atlas, Where -- Florida
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/spacecraft/KSC-MRO_Encapsulation.html
NASA Images
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Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter project scientist Rich Zurek and HiRISE principal investigator Alfred McEwen field questions from reporters after a pre-launch press conference at Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Credit: NASA/JPL
Topics: Launch, What -- Mars, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), Where -- Kennedy...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/Zurek_pre_launch_press_conf.html
NASA Images
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This artist rendering shows the Mars Express spacecraft in orbit around Mars.
Topics: What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/marsexpress-orbit4.html
NASA Images
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The Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) is used by the MOC science team as a tool to test hypotheses about the geology, geomorphology, and meteorology of Mars. In 1999, MOC images revealed that the layers of the martian north polar cap are divided into two distinct units: an upper, light-toned sequence of layers, and a lower, darker-toned suite of layers. The team suspected that the lower unit, because of its dark tone and apparent association with nearby dune fields, might be...
Topics: Polar Ice Caps, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/polaricecaps/E01-01773sub_i1.html
NASA Images
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After three days of stoic seriousness preparing for launch, Todd Bayer, Chief Engineer, and Dan Johnston, Deputy Mission Manager, crack their first smiles of relief and happiness in the Mission Support Area (MSA) at Jet Propulsion Laboratory during MRO's successful launch on August 12, 2005. Credit: NASA/JPL
Topics: Launch, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/Dan_Johnston.html
NASA Images
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This map shows the topography of the south polar region of Mars. The data were collected by the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter aboard NASAÔø_Ôø_Ôø_s Mars Global Surveyor orbiter between 1997 and 2001. The elevation of the terrain is shown by colors, with purple and blue representing the lowest areas, and orange and red the highest. The total range of elevation shown is about 5 kilometers (3 miles). The black line shows the boundary of the south polar layered deposits, an ice-rich geologic...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Polar, What -- Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionospheric...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/martianterrain/20070315_PIA09226-MARSIS_map_MOLA.html
NASA Images
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The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter set the record for interplanetary missions, sending back the most data in a single day! An unprecedented amount of data - the equivalent of 13 CDs - was returned by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter mission in a single day! NASA's latest mission to Mars sent 75 gigabits of data back to Earth from millions of miles away, including beautiful pictures of the Moon. A preview of what's to come with this mighty mission, the spacecraft calibrated its high-resolution...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Mars, What -- Earth, What -- Moon, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/Moon-release.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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A sea of dark dunes, sculpted by the wind into long lines, surrounds the northern polar cap covering an area as big as Texas. In this false-color image, areas with cooler temperatures are recorded in bluer tints, while warmer features are depicted in yellows and oranges. Thus, the dark, sun-warmed dunes glow with a golden color. This image covers an area 30 kilometers (19 miles) wide. This scene combines images taken during the period from December 2002 to November 2004 by the Thermal Emission...
Topics: What -- Polar, Where -- Denver, Where -- California, What -- Sun, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504716main_pia13662-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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One Year on Mars:
Topics: Videos, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/video/2005.html
NASA Images
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This dramatic image shows a field of dark sand dunes in the Nili Patera region of Syrtis Major. The shapes of these dunes indicate that wind has been steadily transporting the dark sand from the right/upper right toward the lower left. This picture was taken on the first day of the MGS Mapping Phase during the second week of March 1999. It shows an area 2.1 kilometers (1.3 miles) wide at the full commanded resolution of 3 meters per pixel. Illumination is from the upper left. Photo Credit:...
Topics: Sand Dunes, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/sanddunes/PIA01675.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Humanity is a very visual species. We rely on our eyes to tell us what is going on in the world around us. Put any image in front of a person and that person will examine the picture looking for anything familiar. Even if the examiner has no idea what he/she is looking at in a picture, he/she will still be able to make a statement about the picture, usually preceded by the words ''it looks like...'' The image above is part of the surface of Mars, but is presented for its artistic value rather...
Topics: What -- Mars, What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), Where --...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504670main_pia05462b-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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An iron meteorite is the latest quarry for NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity. The rover's cameras revealed the meteorite on its trek to its long-term destination, Endeavour crater, in images taken on Sol 2363 (Sept. 16, 2010), the 2,363rd Martian day of the rover's mission on Mars. This view was taken with the navigation camera on Sol 2368 (Sept. 21, 2010), after a drive the preceding sol to get close to the rock. The meteorite is about half a meter (20 inches) long. This image is the...
Topics: What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), Where -- Ireland, What -- Opportunity, What -- Crater, What...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/485110main_PIA13417-right-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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An iron meteorite is the latest quarry for NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity. The rover's cameras revealed the meteorite on its trek to its long-term destination, Endeavour crater, in images taken on Sol 2363 (Sept. 16, 2010), the 2,363rd Martian day of the rover's mission on Mars. This view was taken with the navigation camera on Sol 2368 (Sept. 21, 2010), after a drive the preceding sol to get close to the rock. The meteorite is about half a meter (20 inches) long. This image is the...
Topics: What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), Where -- Ireland, What -- Opportunity, What -- Crater, What...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/485121main_PIA13417-left-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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This map shows the thickness of the south polar layered deposits of Mars, an ice-rich geologic unit that was probed by the Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionospheric Sounding (MARSIS). The MARSIS radar is an instrument on the European Space Agency?s Mars Express orbiter. The thickness of the layered deposits was determined by measuring the time delay between radar echoes from the surface and those from the lower boundary, or ?bed?, of the deposits. The radar data indicate that the...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Polar, What -- Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionospheric...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/martianterrain/20070315_PIA09224-MARSIS_map_thick.html
NASA Images
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The Beagle 2 lander, to be carried on ESA's Mars Express, is equipped with a suite of instruments designed to look for evidence of life on Mars. Credit: ESA
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Beagle 2, What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/20030603a.html
NASA Images
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This artist rendering shows the Mars Express spacecraft in orbit around Mars. Credit: ESA
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/35699.html
NASA Images
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Artist impression of Mars Express orbiter making a pass over the Martian surface at a lower point in its orbit. Credit: European Space Agency
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/22_MEX_hovering_L0.html
NASA Images
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The designated landing site for the first Mars Exploration Rover mission is Gusev Crater, seen here in its geological context from NASA Viking images.
Topics: Craters, What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Crater, What -- Viking
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/craters/20030411a.html
NASA Images
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Details of the Meridiani Planum designated landing site are added with topographic information and higher-resolution imaging from instruments on the Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Odyssey orbiters.
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/20030411d.html
NASA Images
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One of the earliest observations made by the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) was that the upper crust of the planet appears to be layered to considerable depth. This was especially apparent, early in the mission, in the walls of the the Valles Marineris chasms. However, layered mesas and mounds within the Valles Marineris troughs were recognized all the way back in 1972 with Mariner 9 images. The MOC image presented here shows many tens of layers of several meters (yards)...
Topics: Dust Storms, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/duststorms/dustdev22may00.html
NASA Images
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The wide angle cameras of the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) system onboard Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) are used every day to gather a global view of changes occurring in martian weather and surface frost patterns. Late in June 2001, as southern winter transitioned to spring, dust storm activity began to pick up as cold air from the south polar cap moved northward toward the warmer air at the martian equator. By early July, dust storms had popped up all over the planet, particularly throughout the...
Topics: Dust Storms, What -- Mars 2, What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/duststorms/20020508a_b.html
NASA Images
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These two views of Mars are derived from the MGS Thermal Emission Spectrometer (TES) measurements of global broadband (0.3 - ~3.0 microns) visible and near-infrared reflectance, also known as albedo. The range of colors are in dimensionless units. The values are the ratio of the amount of electromagnetic energy reflected by the surface to the amount of energy incident upon it from the sun (larger values are brighter surfaces). The TES instrument was built by Santa Barbara Remote Sensing and is...
Topics: Global Views of Mars, What -- Mars, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Thermal...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/global/PIA02816.html
NASA Images
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This spectacular picture of the Martian landscape by the Viking 1 Lander shows a dune field with features remarkably similar to many seen in the deserts of Earth. The dramatic early morning lighting- - 7:30 a.m. local Mars time--reveals subtle details and shading. Taken yesterday (August 3) by the Lander s camera #1, the picture covers 100Ê_ , looking northeast at left and southeast at right. Viking scientists have studied areas very much like the one in this view in Mexico and in California...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Viking 1 Lander, What -- Earth, What -- Mars, What -- Viking, What -- Sun,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/PIA00393.html
NASA Images
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This suite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) pictures provides a vista of martian gullies on the northern wall of a 12 kilometer-(7.4 mile)-wide meteor impact crater east of the Gorgonum Chaos region on the red planet. The first picture (lower left) is a composite of three different high resolution MOC views obtained in 1999 and 2000. The second picture (lower right) shows the location of the high resolution views relative to the whole crater as it appeared in the highest...
Topics: Water Features, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/waterfeatures/PIA01038.html
NASA Images
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Red Rover Science Team Caption: "This picture is located in the equatorial region of Mars. In the bottom right there are valley-like formations present. This picture suggests that there are layers of sediment which could have been deposited by water flowing through this valley." The picture is a portion of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) narrow angle image E01-00870. The picture, acquired February 14, 2001, is located at 5.2Ê_S, 227.3Ê_W, and is illuminated from...
Topics: Water Features, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/waterfeatures/E01-00870psub.html
NASA Images
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Each spring as the sun comes up over the polar regions, the seasonal frosts that have accumulated there during winter begin to sublime away. Dunes are among the first features to show spots and streaks resulting from the defrosting process. Unknown is whether the dark spots and streaks are sand (from the dune) that has been mobilized by wind, or frost that has become disrupted and coarse-grained (coarse grains of ice can look darker than fine grains). This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars...
Topics: Sand Dunes, What -- Sun, What -- Polar, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/sanddunes/E17-01379_dunes.html
NASA Images
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Olympus Mons is a mountain of mystery. Taller than three Mount Everests and about as wide as the entire Hawaiian Island chain, this giant volcano is nearly as flat as a pancake. That is, its flanks typically only slope 2Ê_ to 5Ê_. The Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) obtained this spectacular wide-angle view of Olympus Mons on Mars Global Surveyor's 263rd orbit, around 10:40 p.m. PDT on April 25, 1998. In the view presented here, north is to the left and east is up. The spacecraft was traveling from...
Topics: Volcanoes, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Earth, Where --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/volcanoes/PIA01476.html
NASA Images
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One of the most profound discoveries that would not have been possible if NASA's Mars Global Surveyor mission had not been extended beyond its primary mission of one Mars year (687 Earth days) is that of dramatic changes that take place in the south polar residual ice cap each martian year. To make this discovery, the Mars Orbiter Camera on the spacecraft had to be employed during a second Mars year to repeat images of sites on the south polar cap that had been imaged during the primary...
Topics: 8 Year Anniversary, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/PIA04295.html
NASA Images
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The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter over the martian landscape
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/artwork/MRO_image.html
NASA Images
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Two Earth years ago, NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Spirit touched down in Gusev Crater. The rover marked its first Mars-year (687 Earth days) anniversary in November 2005. Shortly before Spirit's Martian anniversary, the Mars Orbiter Camera on NASA's Mars Global Surveyor acquired an image covering approximately 3 kilometers by 3 kilometers (1.9 miles by 1.9 miles) centered on the rover's location at that time in the "Columbia Hills." "Husband Hill," the tallest in the range,...
Topics: Latest Images, What -- Earth, What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Spirit, What -- Crater,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/PIA03253.html
NASA Images
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Scientists and engineers at the University of Arizona are gearing up to see the first test images of Mars taken by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera. The camera team expects to begin receiving the images early Friday (March 24, 2006). The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter will be farther from Mars when the camera takes these test images than it will be when the mission's main science phase begins next fall, so the resolution of features in the images will not match what...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Mars, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), Where --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/HiRISE_model.html
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Project Manager Jim Graf shakes the hand of Andrew Dantzler, Director of NASA's Solar System Division, after a successful orbit insertion on March 10, 2006. Fuk Li, Director of JPL's Mars Exploration Directorate stands next to Graf.
Topics: MOI, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/moi/mro-team.html
NASA Images
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A pod of dolphins plays in the Banana River in the early morning hours of August 11, 2005. The river separates the Kennedy Space Center from the launch pads at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in central Florida. The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter lifted off from Launch Complex 41 on August 12, 2005. Credit: NASA/JPL
Topics: Launch, What -- Mars, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Where -- Florida
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/dolphins_2.html
NASA Images
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During a "wet dress rehearsal," the Atlas V rocket that will lift the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter was fired.ÊÜ Pre-liftoff operations were conducted and the rocket's engine was fueled. Credit: NASA
Topics: Launch, What -- Atlas, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/wet_dress_1.html
NASA Images
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Observations by NASA's 2001 Mars Odyssey spacecraft show a global view of Mars in intermediate-energy, or epithermal, neutrons. Soil enriched by hydrogen is indicated by the deep blue colors on the map, which show a low intensity of epithermal neutrons. Progressively smaller amounts of hydrogen are shown in the colors light blue, green, yellow and red. The deep blue areas in the polar regions are believed to contain up to 50 percent water ice in the upper one meter (three feet) of the soil....
Topics: What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, What -- Mars, What -- Polar, What -- Spectrometer, What -- Meridian,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/latestimages/20020528a.html
NASA Images
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On June 19, 2007, media visited JPL?s newly expanded outdoor Mars Yard where rovers train for future planetary missions. Visitors were treated to a test drive of the ?Scarecrow? rover. Scarecrow might still be missing its computer ?brains,? but it certainly showed off its monster appetite for large boulders, making easy work of traversing them. In early 2008, assembly of this hefty, hyper-capable rover will begin. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/gallery/spacecraft/roveryard-20070619.html