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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video clip, Pettit demonstrates laminar flow in a rotating film of water. The demonstration is done by placing tracer particles in a water film held in place by a round wire loop, then stirring the system rotationally. The resulting flow clearly...
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Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- WIRE
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3880
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo program demonstrated that men could travel into space, perform useful tasks there, and return safely to Earth. But space had to be more accessible. This led to the development of the Space Shuttle. The Shuttle's major components are the orbiter spacecraft; the three main engines, with a combined thrust of more than 1.2 million pounds; the huge external tank (ET) that feeds the liquid hydrogen fuel and liquid oxygen oxidizer to the three main engines; and the two solid rocket boosters...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1861
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1967 illustration compares the Apollo Saturn V Spacecraft of the Moon Landing era to the Statue of Liberty located on Ellis Island in New York City. The Apollo Saturn V, at 363 feet towers above Lady Liberty, as the statue is called, standing at 305 feet.
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- New York City
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3986
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The NASA developed Ares rockets, named for the Greek god associated with Mars, will return humans to the moon and later take them to Mars and other destinations. This is an illustration of the Ares V with call outs. The Ares V is a heavy lift launch vehicle that will use five RS-68 liquid oxygen/liquid hydrogen engines mounted below a larger version of the space shuttle external tank, and two five-segment solid propellant rocket boosters for the first stage. The upper stage will use the same...
Topics: What -- Ares Launch Vehicles, What -- Mars, What -- Moon, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3936
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The fuel tank assembly of the Saturn V S-IC (first) stage is readied to be mated to the liquid oxygen tank at the Marshall Space Flight Center. The fuel tank carried kerosene as its fuel. The S-IC stage utilized five F-1 engines that used kerosene and liquid oxygen as propellant. Each engine provided 1,500,000 pounds of thrust. This stage lifted the entire vehicle and Apollo spacecraft from the launch pad.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1140
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via a Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. Aboard were Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, Who -- Richard Nixon, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3024
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Wernher von Braun served as Marshall Space Flight Center's first director from July 1, 1960 until January 27, 1970, when he was appointed NASA Deputy Associate Administrator for Plarning. Following World War II, Dr. von Braun and his German colleagues arrived in the United States under Project Paperclip to continue their rocket development work. In 1950, von Braun and his rocket team were transferred from Ft. Bliss, Texas to Huntsville, Alabama to work for the Army's rocket program at...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- United States...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=269
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The ignition of Juno II (AM-19A). Juno II (AM-19) successfully placed a physics and astronomy satellite, Explorer VII, in orbit on October 13, 1959.
Topic: What -- Explorer
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=890
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a view of the Saturn V S-IVB (third) stage for the AS-209 (Apollo-Soyuz test project backup vehicle) on a transporter in the right foreground, and the S-IVB stage for AS-504 (Apollo 9 mission) being installed in the Beta Test Stand 1 at the SACTO facility in California. After the S-II (second) stage dropped away, the S-IVB (third) stage ignited and burned for about two minutes to place itself and the Apollo spacecraft into the desired Earth orbit. At the proper time during this Earth...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Apollo 9, What -- Earth, What -- Moon, Where -- California, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1109
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The crowning achievement for the Saturn V rocket came when it launched Apollo 11 astronauts, Neil Armstrong, Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin, and Michael Collins, to the Moon in July 1969. In this photograph, astronaut Aldrin takes his first step onto the surface of the Moon.
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Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Saturn, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1859
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An Atlas Centaur rocket (AC-S9) was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station complex 36B carrying into orbit the Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite (CRRES) spacecraft. CRRES was a joint NASA/Air Force mission to study the effects of chemical release on the Earth?s atmosphere and magnetosphere.
Topics: What -- Atlas, What -- Centaur, What -- CRRES
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3354
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In a ceremony honoring Dr. Wernher von Braun, who served as Marshall Space Flight Center Director from 1960 to 1970, Marshall officials renamed the 4200 Building Complex as the Wernher von Braun Office Complex and unveiled a bust of the former director. This photograph is a close-up of the bust in the courtyard. The sculptor of the bust is a MSFC employee, Jack Hood.
Topics: What -- Sculptor, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1486
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Walt Disney toured the West Test Area during his visit to the Marshall Space Flight Center on April 13, 1965. The three in center foreground are Karl Heimburg, Director, Test Division; Dr. von Braun, Director, MSFC; and Walt Disney. The Dynamic Test Stand with the S-1C stage being installed is in the background.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=942
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Wernher von Braun, director of the NASA Marshall Space Flight center (MSFC), appears proud as he pauses in front of the mobile launcher and base of the Saturn V rocket (AS-506) being readied for the historic Apollo 11 lunar landing mission at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). The Saturn V vehicle was developed by MSFC under the direction of Dr. von Braun. The Apollo 11 mission launched from KSC in Florida via the MSFC developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, What -- Saturn, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4084
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In the 19th century, astronomer V. M. Slipher first discovered a hat-like object that appeared to be rushing away from us at 700 miles per second. This enormous velocity offered some of the earliest clues that it was really another galaxy, and that the universe was expanding in all directions. The trained razor sharp eye of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) easily resolves this Sombrero galaxy, Messier 104 (M104). The galaxy is 50,000 light-years across and is located 28 million light-years from...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Earth, What -- Virgo, Where -- Sombrero Galaxy, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3938
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut and mission specialist Kalpana Chawla, receives assistance in donning a training version of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) space suit, prior to an underwater training session in the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory (NBL) near Johnson Space Center. This particular training was in preparation for the STS-87 mission. The Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-87) was the fourth flight of the United States Microgravity Payload (USMP-4) and Spartan-201 satellite, both managed by scientists and...
Topics: Who -- Kalpana Chawla, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-87, What -- Columbia, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3855
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engineers at the Marshall Space Flight Center install the F-1 engines on the S-IC stage thrust structure at the S-IC static test stand. Engines are installed on the stage after it has been placed in the test stand. Five F-1 engines, each weighing 10 tons, gave the booster a total thrust of 7,500,000 pounds, roughly equivalent to 160 million horsepower.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1152
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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One step closer to its maiden voyage, the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour rolls out of the Vehicle Assembly Building, headed to Launch Pad 39B. Launched on May 7th 1992, the STS-49 mission was the first U.S. orbital flight to feature 4 extravehicular activities (EVAs), and the first flight to involve 3 crew members working simultaneously outside of the spacecraft. The primary objective was the capture and redeployment of the INTELSAT VI (F-3) which was stranded in an unusable orbit since its...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- STS-49, What -- Titan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3654
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Attired in a training version of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) space suit, astronaut and mission specialist Kalpana Chawla, prepares to go underwater in the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory (NBL) near Johnson Space Center. This particular training was in preparation for the STS-87 mission. The Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-87) was the fourth flight of the United States Microgravity Payload (USMP-4) and Spartan-201 satellite, both managed by scientists and engineers from the Marshall Space...
Topics: Who -- Kalpana Chawla, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-87, What -- Columbia, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3854
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun in his office with models of rockets, April 20, 1962. Dr. von Braun was the director of the Marshall Space Flight Center from July 1960 through February 1970.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1471
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This illustration is a cutaway view of the internal arrangement of the Airlock Module (AM). The aft end of the Docking Adapter mated to the AM, and served as the environmental, electrical, and communications control center. The docking adapter also contained the port through which the astronauts exited to perform extravehicular activity. The AM contained a turnel section through which Skylab crewmen could move between the workshop and the forward end of the airlock. It was encircled, for part...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Douglas, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1240
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Saturn V configuration is shown in inches and meters as illustrated by the Boeing Company. The Saturn V vehicle consisted of three stages: the S-IC (first) stage powered by five F-1 engines, the S-II (second) stage powered by five J-2 engines, the S-IVB (third) stage powered by one J-2 engine. A top for the first three stages was designed to contain the instrument unit, the guidance system, the Apollo spacecraft, and the escape system. The Apollo spacecraft consisted of the lunar module,...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1090
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun began his association with Walt Disney in the 1950s when the rocket scientist appeared in three Disney television productions related to the exploration of space. Years later, Dr. von Braun invited Disney and his associates to tour the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama. This photograph is dated April 13, 1965. From left are R.J. Schwinghamer from the MSFC, Disney, B.J. Bernight, and Dr. von Braun.
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1916
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Goddard's 1926 rocket configuration. Dr. Goddard's liquid oxygen-gasoline rocket was fired on March 16, 1926, at Auburn, Massachusetts. It flew for only 2.5 seconds, climbed 41 feet, and landed 184 feet away in a cabbage patch. From 1930 to 1941, Dr. Goddard made substantial progress in the development of progressively larger rockets, which attained altitudes of 2400 meters, and refined his equipment for guidance and control, his techniques of welding, and his insulation, pumps, and other...
Topic: Where -- Massachusetts
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1824
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows the U.S. Laboratory Module (also called Destiny) for the International Space Station (ISS), in the Space Station manufacturing facility at the Marshall Space Flight Center, being readied for shipment to the Kennedy Space Center. The U.S. Laboratory module is the centerpiece of the ISS, where science experiments will be performed in the near-zero gravity of space. The Destiny Module was launched aboard the Space Shuttle orbiter Atlantis (STS-67 mission) on February 7, 2001....
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1607
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Robert H. Goddard loading a 1918 version of the Bazooka of World War II. From 1930 to 1941, Dr. Goddard made substantial progress in the development of progressively larger rockets, which attained altitudes of 2400 meters, and refined his equipment for guidance and control, his techniques of welding, and his insulation, pumps, and other associated equipment. In many respects, Dr. Goddard laid the essential foundations of practical rocket technology
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=855
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this video, astronaut Peggy Whitson uses the Human Research Facility (HRF) Ultrasound Imaging System in the Destiny Laboratory of the International Space Station (ISS) to image her own heart. The Ultrasound Imaging System provides three-dimension image enlargement of the heart and other organs, muscles, and blood vessels. It is capable of high resolution imaging in a wide range of applications, both research and diagnostic, such as Echocardiography (ultrasound of the heart), abdominal,...
Topics: Who -- Peggy Whitson, What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3887
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) have identified what may be the most luminous star known; a celestial mammoth that releases up to 10-million times the power of the Sun and is big enough to fill the diameter of Earth's orbit. The star unleashes as much energy in six seconds as our Sun does in one year. The image, taken by a UCLA-led team with the recently installed Near-Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) aboard the HST, also reveals a bright nebula, created...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Sun, What -- Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1719
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The same rocket fuel that helps power the Space Shuttle as it thunders into orbit will now be taking on a new role, with the potential to benefit millions of people worldwide. Leftover rocket fuel from NASA is being used to make a flare that destroys land mines where they were buried, without using explosives. The flare is safe to handle and easy to use. People working to deactivate the mines simply place the flare next to the uncovered land mine and ignite it from a safe distance using a...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Utah
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1904
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Sir William Congreve developed a rocket with a range of about 9,000 feet. The incendiary rocket used black powder, an iron case, and a 16-foot guide stick. In 1806, British used Congreve rockets to attack Napoleon's headquarters in France. In 1807, Congreve directed a rocket attack against Copenhagen.
Topics: Where -- France, Where -- Copenhagen
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=850
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This drawing illustrates the vital dimensions of the A-4 (Aggregate-4). Later renamed the V-2 (Vengeance Weapon-2), the rocket was developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the German rocket team at Peenemuende, Germany on the Baltic Sea. At the end of World War II, the team of German engineers and scientists came to the United States and continued rocket research for the Army at Fort Bliss, Texas, and Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama.
Topics: Where -- Germany, Where -- Baltic Sea, Where -- United States of America, Where -- Texas, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=858
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Managed by Marshall Space Flight Center, the Space Tug concept was intended to be a reusable multipurpose space vehicle designed to transport payloads to different orbital inclinations. Utilizing mission-specific combinations of its three primary modules (crew, propulsion, and cargo) and a variety of supplementary kits, the Space Tug would have been capable of numerous space applications. This 1971 image shows the basic Propulsion Module and attached elements in their functional configurations....
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1813
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the Apollo 15 Moon landing mission logo. Apollo 15 launched from Kennedy Space Center (KSC) on July 26, 1971 via a Saturn Five launch vehicle. Aboard was a crew of three astronauts including David R. Scott, Mission Commander; James B. Irwin, Lunar Module Pilot; and Alfred M. Worden, Command Module Pilot. It was the first mission designed to explore the Moon over longer periods, greater ranges, and with more instruments for the collection of scientific data than on previous missions. The...
Topics: Who -- David R. Scott, Who -- Alfred Worden, What -- Apollo 15, What -- Moon, What -- Saturn, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2970
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image depicts a layout of the Skylab workshop 1-G trainer crew quarters. At left, in the sleep compartment, astronauts slept strapped to the walls of cubicles and showered at the center. Next right was the waste management area where wastes were processed and disposed. Upper right was the wardroom where astronauts prepared their meals and foods were stored. In the experiment operation area, upper left, against the far wall, was the lower-body negative-pressure device (Skylab Experiment...
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1254
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun is looking out from a 10th floor window of building 4200 at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). He was the first Center Director and served as the Director from July 1960 through February 1970. Following World War II, Dr. von Braun and his German colleagues arrived in the United States under the Project Paperclip (American acquisition of German rocket experts) to continue their rocket development work. In 1950, von Braun and his German Rocket Team (also called the Peenemuende...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- United States...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1468
NASA Images
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This supernova in the constellation Cassiopeia was observed by Tycho Brahe in 1572. In this x-ray image from the High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO-2/Einstein Observatory produced by nearly a day of exposure time, the center region appears filled with emissions that can be resolved into patches or knots of material. However, no central pulsar or other collapsed object can be seen. The HEAO-2, the first imaging and largest x-ray telescope built to date, was capable of producing actual...
Topics: What -- Constellation, What -- Cassiopeia, What -- HEAO 2, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1561
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Space Tug concept, proposed as a reusable multipurpose space vehicle to transport payloads to different orbital inclinations, was intended to serve as an important link between the Space Shuttle and the Space Station or any other orbital element requiring crew and/or cargo transportation. The Marshall Space Flight Center managed NASA's Space Tug activities. The Space Tug program was cancelled and did not become a reality.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1806
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph of aurora borealis, northern aurora, was taken during the Spacelab-J (SL-J) mission (STS-47). People who live in the northernmost areas like Alaska or work in the southernmost regions like Antarctica often see colorful lights produced by Earth's natural electromagnetic generator; these shimmering expanses of light are auroras, commonly called the northern and southern lights. Charged particles from the magnetosphere follow magnetic fields and are accelerated toward Earth at the...
Topics: What -- STS-47, What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2307
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Outer dimensions of the International Standard Payload Rack (ISPR) that will be used on the International Space Station (ISS) sets the envelope for scientists designing hardware for experiments in biological and physical sciences aboard ISS. The ISPR includes attachments to ISS utilities (electrical power, heating and cooling, data, fluids, vacuum, etc.) through standoffs that hold the racks in place in the lab modules. Usage will range from facilities that take entire racks to specialized...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2074
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Once the United States' space program had progressed from Earth's orbit into outerspace, the prospect of building and maintaining a permanent presence in space was realized. To accomplish this feat, NASA launched a temporary workstation, Skylab, to discover the effects of low gravity and weightlessness on the human body, and also to develop tools and equipment that would be needed in the future to build and maintain a more permanent space station. The structures, techniques, and work schedules...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Earth, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), Where -- United States of...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=420
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This illustration, with callouts, is of the Saturn V SII (2nd Stage) developed by the Space Division of North American Aviation under the direction of the Marshall Space Flight Center. The 82-foot-long and 33-foot-diameter S-II stage utilized five J-2 engines, each with a 200,000-pound thrust capability. The engine used liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen as its propellants.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3672
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a photograph of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), formerly Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), High Resolution Mirror Assembly (HRMA) integration at the X-Ray Calibration Facility (XRCF) at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The AXAF was renamed CXO in 1999. The CXO is the most sophisticated and the world's most powerful x-ray telescope ever built. It observes x-rays from high-energy regions of the universe, such as hot gas in the remnants of exploded stars. The HRMA,...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-93, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1980
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An artist's rendering of the air-breathing, hypersonic X-43B, the third and largest of NASA's Hyper-X series flight demonstrators, which could fly later this decade. Revolutionizing the way we gain access to space is NASA's primary goal for the Hypersonic Investment Area, managed for NASA by the Advanced Space Transportation Program at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The Hypersonic Investment area, which includes leading-edge partners in industry and academia, will...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2474
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Two companies have successfully commercialized a specialized welding tool developed at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Friction stir welding uses the high rotational speed of a tool and the resulting frictional heat created from contact to crush, "stir" together, and forge a bond between two metal alloys. It has had a major drawback, reliance on a single-piece pin tool. The pin is slowly plunged into the joint between two materials to be welded and rotated as high speed. At...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1997
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Line drawing depicts the location of one of three racks that will make up the Materials Science Research Facility in the U.S. Destiny laboratory module to be attached to the International Space Station (ISS). Other positions will be occupied by a variety of racks supporting research in combustion, fluids, biotechnology, and human physiology, and racks to support lab and station opertions. The Materials Science Research Facility is managed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. Photo credit:...
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=700
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This cutaway illustration shows the Saturn V S-IC (first) stage with detailed callouts of the components. The S-IC Stage is 138 feet long and 33 feet in diameter, producing 7,500,000 pounds of thrust through five F-1 engines that are powered by liquid oxygen and kerosene. Four of the engines are mounted on an outer ring and gimbal for control purposes. The fifth engine is rigidly mounted in the center. When ignited, the roar produced by the five engines equals the sound of 8,000,000 hi-fi sets.
Topic: What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1075
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Lining the walls of the Space Station Processing Facility at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) are the launch awaiting U.S. Node 2 (lower left). and the first pressurized module of the Japanese Experimental Module (JEM) (upper right), named "Kibo" (Hope). Node 2, the "utility hub" and second of three connectors between International Space Station (ISS) modules, was built in the Torino, Italy facility of Alenia Spazio, an International contractor based in Rome. Japan's major...
Topics: What -- Japanese Experiment Module (Kibo), What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2734
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A comparison image of the M100 Galactic Nucleus, taken by the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Wide Field Planetary Camera-1 (WF/PC1) and Wide Field Planetary Camera-2 (WF/PC2). The HST was placed in a low-Earth orbit by the Space Shuttle Discovery, STS-31 mission, in April 1990. Two months after its deployment in space, scientists detected a 2-micron spherical aberration in the primary mirror of the HST that affected the telescope's ability to focus faint light sources into a precise point. This...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Wide Field Planetary...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1713
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This illustration is a cutaway view of the Orbital Workshop (OWS) showing details of the living and working quarters. The OWS was divided into two major compartments. The lower level provided crew accommodations for sleeping, food preparation and consumption, hygiene, waste processing and disposal, and performance of certain experiments. The upper level consisted of a large work area and housed water storage tanks, a food freezer, storage vaults for film, scientific airlocks, mobility and...
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1252
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Juno II (AM-19B), the booster for Payload (Beacon), August 6 1959.
Topic: What -- Beacon
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1730
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This concept is a cutaway illustration of the Lunar Module (LM) with detailed callouts. The LM was a two part spacecraft. Its lower or descent stage had the landing gear, engines, and fuel needed for the landing. When the LM blasted off the Moon, the descent stage served as the launching pad for its companion ascent stage, which was also home for the two astronauts on the surface of the Moon. The LM was full of gear with which to communicate, navigate, and rendezvous. It also had its own...
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Topic: What -- Moon
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1169
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This interior photograph of Skylab's multiple docking adapter (MDA) flight article, then undergoing outfitting at the Martin Marietta Corporation's Space Center facility in Denver, Colorado, shows the forward cone area and docking turnel (center) that attached to the Apollo Command Module. Designed and manufactured by the Marshall Space Flight Center, the MDA housed the control units for the Apollo Telescope Mount (ATM), Earth Resources Experiment Package (EREP), and Zero-Gravity Materials...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, Where -- Denver, Where -- Colorado, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1219
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this Quick Time movie, a Space Shuttle, piggy-backed aboard a Boeing 747 airliner, lands at the Kennedy Space Center for launch preparations.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3181
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a cooperative program of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) to operate a long-lived space-based observatory. It was the flagship mission of NASA's Great Observatories program. The HST program began as an astronomical dream in the 1940s. During the 1970s and 1980s, the HST was finally designed and built becoming operational in the 1990s. The HST was deployed into a low-Earth orbit on April 25, 1990...
Topics: Who -- Anna Fisher, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3339
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This color image of Saturn was taken with the Hubble Space Telescope's (HST's) Wide Field Camera (WFC) at 3:25 am EDT, August 26, 1990, when the planet was at a distance of 2.39 million km (360 million miles) from Earth. The color in the image is reconstructed by combining three different pictures, taken in blue, green and red light (4390, 5470 and 7180 angstroms). Because Saturn's north pole is currently tilted toward Earth (24 degrees), the HST image reveals unprecedented detail in...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Earth, What -- Polar, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1615
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This STS-48 onboard photo is of the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) in the grasp of the RMS (Remote Manipulator System) during deployment, September 1991. UARS gathers data related to the chemistry, dynamics, and energy of the ozone layer. UARS data is used to study energy input, stratospheric photo chemistry, and upper atmospheric circulation. UARS helps us understand and predict how the nitrogen and chlorine cycles, and the nitrous oxides and halo carbons which maintain them,...
Topics: What -- STS-48, What -- Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite, What -- UARS, What -- GRASP
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3653
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) was designed to transport astronauts and materials on the Moon. It was a collapsible open-space vehicle about 10 feet long with large mesh wheels, anterna, appendages, tool caddies, and cameras. Powered by two 36-volt batteries, it has four 1/4-hp drive motors, one for each wheel. The vehicle was designed to travel in forward or reverse, negotiate obstacles about 1 foot high, cross crevasses about 2 feet wide, and climb or descend moderate slopes. Its speed limit...
Topics: What -- Moon, What -- Apollo 15, What -- Apollo 16, What -- Apollo 17, Where -- Marshall Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1221
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Shown here is the International Space Station (ISS) S1 Truss in preparation for installation in the payload bay of the Space Shuttle Atlantis at NASA's Kennedy Space Center )KSC)in Florida. The truss launched October 7, 2002 on the STS-112 mission and will be attached during three spacewalks. Constructed primarily of aluminum, it measures 45 feet long, 15 feet wide, 10 feet tall, and weighs over 27,000 pounds. It is one of nine similar truss segments that, combined, will serve as the Station's...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2505
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4030
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engineers at the Marshall Space Flight Center install the F-1 engines on the S-IC stage thrust structure at the S-IC static test stand. Engines are installed on the stage after it has been placed in the test stand. Five F-1 engines, each weighing 10 tons, gave the booster a total thrust of 7,500,000 pounds, roughly equivalent to 160 million horsepower.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1153
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, Western Atlantic Ocean, and the United States can be seen in this enhanced infrared satellite loop as it tracks the last stages of Hurricane Georges entering the frame from the east. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Gulf of Mexico, Where -- Atlantic Ocean, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3166
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The components of the Saturn V booster (S-IC stage) fuel tank are shown in this photograph. The liquid oxygen tank bulkhead on the left and both halves of the fuel tank were in the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory, building 4707. These components were used at MSFC in structural testing to prove that they could withstand the forces to which they were subjected in flight. Each S-IC stage has two tanks, one for kerosene and one for liquid oxygen, made from...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1801
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The German Rocket Team, also known as the Von Braun Rocket Team, poses for a group photograph at Fort Bliss, Texas. After World War II ended in 1945, Dr. Wernher von Braun led some 120 of his Peenemuende Colleagues, who developed the V-2 rocket for the German military during the War, to the United Sttes under a contract to the U.S. Army Corps as part of Operation Paperclip. During the following five years the team worked on high altitude firings of the captured V-2 rockets at the White Sands...
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Topics: Where -- Texas, Where -- New Mexico, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=840
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A close-up view of the Apollo 11 command service module ready to be mated with the spacecraft LEM adapter of the third stage. The towering 363-foot Saturn V was a multi-stage, multi-engine launch vehicle standing taller than the Statue of Liberty. Altogether, the Saturn V engines produced as much power as 85 Hoover Dams.
Topics: What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=314
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Donned in biological isolation garments, the Apollo 11 crew members, (L-R) Edwin Aldrin, Neil Armstrong (waving), and Michael Collins exit the recovery pick up helicopter to board the U.S.S. Hornet aircraft carrier after splashdown. The recovery operation took place in the Pacific Ocean where Navy para-rescue men recovered the capsule housing the 3-man Apollo 11 crew. The crew was airlifted to safety aboard the U.S.S. Hornet, where they were quartered in a Mobile Quarantine Facility (MQF). This...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4007
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept depicts the High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)-2 in orbit. The HEAO-2, the first imaging and largest x-ray telescope built to date, was capable of producing actual photographs of x-ray objects. Shortly after launch, the HEAO-2 was nicknamed the Einstein Observatory by its scientific experimenters in honor of the centernial of the birth of Albert Einstein, whose concepts of relativity and gravitation have influenced much of modern astrophysics, particularly x-ray...
Topics: What -- HEAO 2, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1385
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS), the newest camera on the Hubble Space Telescope, has captured a spectacular pair of galaxies. Located 300 million light-years away in the constellation Coma Berenices, the colliding galaxies have been nicknamed "The Mice" because of the long tails of stars and gas emanating from each galaxy. Otherwise known as NGC 4676, the pair will eventually merge into a single giant galaxy. In the galaxy at left, the bright blue patch is resolved into a...
Topics: What -- Advanced Camera for Surveys, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Constellation,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2522
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. Growing salt crystals in a bottle of water is a favorite science activity for kids. In space, Dr. Pettit grew salt crystals in stretched films of water so that the salt water only fed the crystals around the edges rather than from all sides, as happens in a glass...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3877
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Skylab-4 mission onboard photograph shows Astronaut Ed Gibson getting ready to prepare his meal in the crew wardroom. The tray contained heating elements for preparing the individual food packets. The food on Skylab was a great improvement over that on earlier spaceflights. It was no longer necessary to squeeze liquified food from plastic tubes. Skylab's kitchen was so equipped that each crewman could select his own menu and prepare it to his own taste.
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1374
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph clearly shows the mission profile for a typical Apollo Moon flight launched by the Saturn V.
Topics: What -- Moon, What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1079
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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SA-210 Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) awaits the launch scheduled on July 15, 1975 on the launch pad at the Kennedy Space Center, the ASTP mission with astronauts Thomas Stafford, Vance Brand, and Donald "Deke" Slayton. The Saturn IB, developed under the direction of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), launched five manned Earth-orbital missions between 1968 and 1975: Apollo 7, Skylab 2, Skylab 3, Skylab 4, and the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project .
Topics: Who -- Vance Brand, What -- Apollo 7, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1038
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image shows the Saturn V S-IC-T stage (S-IC static test article) fuel tank being attached to the thrust structure in the vehicle assembly building at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The S-IC stage utilized five F-1 engines that used liquid oxygen and kerosene as propellant and provided a combined thrust of 7,500,000 pounds.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1138
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This illustration depicts the Skylab-1 and Skylab-2 mission sequence. The goals of the Skylab were to enrich our scientific knowledge of the Earth, the Sun, the stars, and cosmic space; to study the effects of weightlessness on living organisms, including man; to study the effects of the processing and manufacturing of materials utilizing the absence of gravity; and to conduct Earth resource observations. The Skylab also conducted 19 selected experiments submitted by high school students....
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Earth, What -- Sun, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2195
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1970 photograph shows Skylab's Time and Motion experiment (M151) control unit, a medical study to measure performance differences between tasks undertaken on Earth and the same tasks performed by Skylab crew members in orbit. Data collected from this experiment evaluated crew members' zero-gravity behavior for designs and work programs for future space exploration. The Marshall Space Flight Center had program management responsibility for the development of Skylab hardware and experiments.
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1341
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Princeton, New Jersey high school student, Alison Hopfield, is greeted by astronauts Russell L. Schweickart (left) and Owen K. Garriott (center) during a tour of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Hopfield was among 25 winners of a contest in which some 3,500 high school students proposed experiments for the following year?s Skylab mission. The nationwide scientific competition was sponsored by the National Science Teachers Association and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- New Jersey, Where -- Jersey, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3316