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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pat Doty (right) of NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) demonstrates the greater bounce to the ounce of metal made from a supercooled bulk metallic glass alloy that NASA is studying in space experiments. The metal plates at the bottom of the plexiglass tubes are made of three different types of metal. Bulk metallic glass is more resilient and, as a result, the dropped ball bearing bounces higher. Experiments in space allow scientists to study fundamental properties that carnot be observed...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Chicago
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=671
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The combustion chamber for the Combustion Integrated Rack section of the Fluids and Combustion Facility (FCF) is shown opened for installation of burn specimens. The FCF will be installed, in phases, in the Destiny, the U.S. Laboratory Module of the International Space Station (ISS), and will accommodate multiple users for a range of investigations. This is an engineering mockup; the flight hardware is subject to change as designs are refined. The FCF is being developed by the Microgravity...
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- USERS, Where -- Glenn Research...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3142
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The packing of particles can change radically during cyclic loading such as in an earthquake or when shaking a container to compact a powder. A large hole (1) is maintained by the particles sticking to each other. A small, counterclockwise strain (2) collapses the hole, and another large strain (3) forms more new holes which collapse when the strain reverses (4). Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause friction as they roll and slide against each other, or even cause sticking and form...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- STS-107, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=749
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) flight hardware takes two twin double locker assemblies in the Space Shuttle middeck or the Spacehab module. Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause friction as they roll and slide against each other, or even cause sticking and form small voids between grains. This complex behavior can cause soil to behave like a liquid under certain conditions such as earthquakes or when powders are handled in industrial processes. MGM experiments aboard the Space...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- STS-107, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=751
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The optical bench for the Fluids Integrated Rack section of the Fluids and Combustion Facility (FCF) is shown extracted for servicing. The FCF will be installed, in phases, in the Destiny, the U.S. Laboratory Module of the International Space Station (ISS), and will accommodate multiple users for a range of investigations. This is an engineering mockup; the flight hardware is subject to change as designs are refined. The FCF is being developed by the Microgravity Science Division (MSD) at the...
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- USERS, Where -- Glenn Research...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3106
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engineers from NASA's Glen Research Center demonstrate the access to one of the experiment racks plarned for the U.S. Destiny laboratory module on the International Space Station (ISS). This mockup has the full diameter, full corridor width, and half the length of the module. The mockup includes engineering mockups of the Fluids and Combustion Facility being developed by NASA's Glenn Research Center. (The full module will be six racks long; the mockup is three racks long). Photo credit:...
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC),...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=808
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Interferometer Protein Crystal Growth (IPCG) experiment was designed to measure details of how protein molecules move through a fluid. It was flown on the STS-86 mission for use aboard Russian Space Station Mir in 1998. It studied aspects of how crystals grow - and what conditions lead to the best crystals, details that remain a mystery. IPCG produces interference patterns by spilitting then recombining laser light. This let scientists see how fluid densities - and molecular diffusion -...
Topics: What -- STS-86, What -- Russian Mir Space Station, Where -- California, Where -- Marshall Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=770
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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One of three Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) test cells after flight on STS-79 and before impregnation with resin. Note that the sand column has bulged in the middle, and that the top of the column is several inches lower than the top of the plastic enclosure. Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause friction as they roll and slide against each other, or even cause sticking and form small voids between grains. This complex behavior can cause soil to behave like a liquid under...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=757
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This undated chart provides a description of the Saturn IB and Saturn V's Instrument Unit (IU) and its major components. Designed by NASA at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the Instrument Unit, sandwiched between the S-IVB stage and the Apollo spacecraft, served as the Saturn's "nerve center" providing guidance and control, command and sequence of vehicle functions, telemetry, and environmental control.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1027
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A test cell for the Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) experiment is shown in its on-orbit configuration in Spacehab during preparations for STS-89. The twin locker to the left contains the hydraulic system to operate the experiment. Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause friction as they roll and slide against each other, or even cause sticking and form small voids between grains. This complex behavior can cause soil to behave like a liquid under certain conditions such as...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Colorado, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=765
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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One of NASA's newest education publications made its debut at the arnual National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) conference held in Orlando, Florida April 5-7. How High Is It? An Educator's Guide with Activities Focused on Scale Models of Distances was presented by Carla Rosenberg of the National Center for Microgravity Research at Glenn Research Center. Rosenberg, an author of the Guide, led teachers in several hands-on activities from the Guide. This image is from a digital still...
Topics: What -- DEBUT, Where -- Florida, Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2078
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This chart describes the Hydrogen-Alpha (H-Alpha) #2 Telescope, one of eight major solar study facilities on the Skylab Apollo Telescope Mount (ATM). There were two H-Alpha telescopes on the ATM that were used primarily to point the ATM and keep a continuous photographic record during solar observation periods. Both telescopes gave the Skylab astronauts a real-time picture of the Sun in the red light of the H-Alpha spectrum through a closed-circuit television. The H-Alpha #1 telescope provided...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Sun, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1321
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Students from DuPont Manual High School in Louisville, Kentucky participated in a video-teleconference during the Pan-Pacific Basin Workshop on Microgravity Sciences held in Pasadena, California. The event originated at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. The DuPont Manual students patched in to the event through the distance learning lab at the Louisville Science Center. Education coordinator Twila Schneider (left) of Infinity Technology and NASA materials engineer Chris Cochrane...
Topics: Where -- Kentucky, Where -- California, Where -- Los Angeles
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2107
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engineering mockup shows the general arrangement of the plarned Biotechnology Facility inside an EXPRESS rack aboard the International Space Station. This layout includes a gas supply module (bottom left), control computer and laptop interface (bottom right), two rotating wall vessels (top right), and support systems.
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2128
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Space Flight Center employees visited DuPont Manual High School in Louisville, Kentucky. NASA's Mini Drop Tower was used to demonstrate free fall and a presentation was given on microgravity and the science performed in a microgravity environment. The visit coincided with the Pan-Pacific Basin Workshop on Microgravity Sciences held in Pasadena, California. Materials engineer Chris Cochrane explains the operation of the mini-drop tower. This image is from a digital still camera; higher...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Kentucky, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2088
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A crewmember of Expedition One, cosmonaut Yuri P. Gidzenko, is dwarfed by transient hardware aboard Leonardo, the Italian Space Agency-built Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM), a primary cargo of the STS-102 mission. The Leonardo MPLM is the first of three such pressurized modules that will serve as the International Space Station's (ISS's) moving vans, carrying laboratory racks filled with equipment, experiments and supplies to and from the Space Station aboard the Space Shuttle. The...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-102, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1642
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Filled with anticipation, students from three Huntsville area high schools: Randolph, Sparkman, and Johnson High Schools, counted down to launch the rockets they designed and built at the Army test site on Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. The projected two-mile high launch culminated more than a year's work and demonstrated the student team's ability to meet the challenge set by the Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) Student Launch Initiative (SLI) program to apply science and math...
Topics: Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2325
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Soyuz TM-31 launch vehicle is shown in the vertical position for its launch from Baikonur, carrying the first resident crew to the International Space Station. The Russian Soyuz launch vehicle is an expendable spacecraft that evolved out of the original Class A (Sputnik). From the early 1960s until today, the Soyuz launch vehicle has been the backbone of Russia's marned and unmanned space launch fleet. Today, the Soyuz launch vehicle is marketed internationally by a joint Russian/French...
Topics: What -- Soyuz TM 31, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2442
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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his is a view of the video camera mounted on the External Tank (ET) of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis (STS-112). The camera provided a view of the front and belly of the orbiter, a portion of the Solid Rocket Boosters (SRBs), and ET during the launch. Located high on the ET liquid oxygen tank cable tray, the camera, 6 inches long and resembling a short thin flashlight, is inside an aluminum fairing covered in protective insulating foam. The battery pack and transmitter are contained in an...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-112, What -- Opportunity, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2502
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Space Shuttle Atlantis, STS-110 mission, deployed this railcar, called the Mobile Transporter, and an initial 43-foot section of track, the S0 (S-zero) truss, preparing the International Space Station (ISS) for future spacewalks. The first railroad in space, the Mobile Transporter will allow the Station's robotic arm to travel up and down the finished truss for future assembly and maintenance. The 27,000-pound S0 truss is the first of 9 segments that will make up the Station's external...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-110, What -- International Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2401
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The photograph depicts the X-37 neutral buoyancy simulator mockup at Dryden Flight Research Center. The X-37 experimental launch vehicle is roughly 27.5 feet (8.3 meters) long and 15 feet (4.5 meters) in wingspan. Its experiment bay is 7 feet (2.1 meters) long and 4 feet (1.2 meters) in diameter. Designed to operate in both the orbital and reentry phases of flight, the X-37 will increase both safety and reliabiltiy, while reducing launch costs from $10,000 per pound to $1000 per pound. Managed...
Topics: Where -- Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2526
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Biotechnology Refrigerator that preserves samples for use in (or after culturing in) the NASA Bioreactor. The unit is shown extracted from a middeck locker shell. The NASA Bioreactor provides a low turbulence culture environment which promotes the formation of large, three-dimensional cell clusters. The Bioreactor is rotated to provide gentle mixing of fresh and spent nutrient without inducing shear forces that would damage the cells. Due to their high level of cellular organization and...
Topic: Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2141
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Exterior view of the NASA Bioreactor Engineering Development Unit flown on Mir. The rotating wall vessel is behind the window on the face of the large module. Control electronics are in the module at left; gas supply and cooling fans are in the module at back. The NASA Bioreactor provides a low turbulence culture environment which promotes the formation of large, three-dimensional cell clusters. The Bioreactor is rotated to provide gentle mixing of fresh and spent nutrient without inducing...
Topics: What -- Russian Mir Space Station, Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2137
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured here is the forward docking port on the International Space Station's (ISS) Destiny Laboratory as seen by one of the STS-111 crewmembers from the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour just prior to docking. In June 2002, STS-111 provided the Space Station with a new crew, Expedition Five, replacing Expedition Four after remaining a record-setting 196 days in space. Three spacewalks enabled the STS-111 crew to accomplish additional mission objectives: the delivery and installation of a new...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Destiny, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2409
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Backdropped against the blackness of space is the International Space Station (ISS), as viewed from the approching Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour, STS-111 mission, in June 2002. Expedition Five replaced Expedition Four crew after remaining a record-setting 196 days in space. Three spacewalks enabled the STS-111 crew to accomplish the delivery and installation of the Mobile Remote Servicer Base System (MBS), an important part of the Station's Mobile Servicing System that allows the robotic arm...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Endeavour, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2398
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photo, Dr. von Braun anxiously awaits the launch of the Saturn I vehicle (SA-8) in the Launch Complex Control Center at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida on May 25, 1965. The SA-8 mission made the first night launch and deployed the Pegasus II micro meteoroid detection satellite.
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Pegasus, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Where -- Florida
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2782
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 16th American assembly flight and 112th overall American flight to the International Space Station (ISS) launched on November 23, 2002 from Kennedy's launch pad 39A aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavor STS-113. Mission objectives included the delivery of the Expedition Six Crew to the ISS, the return of Expedition Five crew back to Earth, and the installation and activation of the Port 1 Integrated Truss Assembly (P1). The first major component installed on the left side of the...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-113, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2795
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronomers are studying the unusual appearance of Saturn's rings. The top portion of this Hubble Space Telescope snapshot shows Saturn with its rings barely visible. Normally, astronomers see Saturn with its rings tilted, but because the Earth was almost in the plane of Saturn's rings, they appear edge-on. Positioned above the ring plane, the Sun is causing the rings to cast a shadow on Saturn. The bottom photograph shows Saturn with its rings slightly tilted, and displays a faint narrow ring,...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Snapshot, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth, What -- Sun,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2687
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pilot James M. Kelly (left) and Commander James D. Wetherbee for the STS-102 mission, participate in the movement of supplies inside Leonardo, the Italian Space Agency built Multipurpose Logistics Module (MPLM). In this particular photograph, the two are handling a film magazine for the IMAX cargo bay camera. The primary cargo of the STS-102 mission, the Leonardo MPLM is the first of three such pressurized modules that will serve as the International Space Station's (ISS') moving vans, carrying...
Topics: What -- STS-102, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2840
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour, the STS-111 mission was launched on June 5, 2002 at 5:22 pm EDT from Kennedy's launch pad. On board were the STS-111 and Expedition Five crew members. Astronauts Kenneth D. Cockrell, commander; Paul S. Lockhart, pilot, and mission specialists Franklin R. Chang-Diaz and Philippe Perrin were the STS-111 crew members. Expedition Five crew members included Cosmonaut Valeri G. Korzun, commander, Astronaut Peggy A. Whitson and Cosmonaut Sergei Y. Treschev,...
Topics: Who -- Philippe Perrin, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- STS-111
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2787
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Launched October 7, 2002 aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis, the STS-112 mission lasted 11 days and performed three sessions of Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA). Its primary mission was to install the Starboard (S1) Integrated Truss Structure and Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) Cart to the International Space Station (ISS). The S1 truss provides structural support for the orbiting research facility's radiator panels, which use ammonia to cool the Station's complex power system. The S1...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-110, What -- International Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2812
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photo, the Student Tracked Atmospheric Research Satellite for Heuristic International Networking Experiment (STARSHINE) leaves the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle Discovery near the completion of the almost 10 day STS-96 mission. STARSHINE is a satellite that resembles a high-tech disco ball covered by hundreds of quarter-sized mirrors that reflect sunlight to observers on the ground to help students study the effects of solar activity on the Earth's atmosphere. Students, worldwide,...
Topics: What -- Starshine, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- STS-96, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2770
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Back dropped against a blue and white Earth, the Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis was photographed by an Expedition 5 crew member onboard the International Space Station (ISS) during rendezvous and docking operations. Docking occurred at 10:17 am on October 9, 2002. The Starboard 1 (S1) Integrated Truss Structure, the primary payload of the STS-112 mission, can be seen in Atlantis' cargo bay. Installed and outfitted within 3 sessions of Extravehicular Activity (EVA) during the 11 day mission, the...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- International Space Station...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2803
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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International Space Station (ISS) crew members were able to document a rare occurrence. The dark area near the center of the frame is actually a shadow cast by the moon during the total solar eclipse of December 4, 2002. The shadow obscures an area of cloud cover. The Station, with three Expedition Six crew members aboard, was over the Indian Ocean at the time of the eclipse.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Moon, Where -- Indian Ocean
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2602
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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These six astronauts take a break from training to pose for the STS-115 crew portrait. Astronauts Brent W. Jett, Jr. (right) and Christopher J. Ferguson, commander and pilot, respectively, flank the mission insignia. The mission specialists are, from left to right, astronauts Heidemarie M. Stefanyshyn-Piper, Joseph R. (Joe) Tanner, Daniel C. Burbank, and Steven G. MacLean, who represents the Canadian Space Agency. This mission continued the assembly of the International Space Station (ISS) with...
Topics: Who -- Brent W. Jett, What -- STS-115, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3844
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On October 19, 2006, former NASA director of Mission Operations Gene Kranz was a keynote speaker at the Marshall Space Flight Center?s (MSFC?s) 2006 Annual Safety Day program. The best selling author of ?Failure Is Not An Option? and past Apollo flight director was featured during a morning session called ?Coffee and Kranz?. Marshall employees hung on his every word as he told the fascinating story of Apollo 13. Kranz was the acting flight director during the Apollo 13 mission, a mission that...
Topics: What -- Apollo 13, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3883
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun (right) and Astronaut John Glenn examine a model of a lunar landing stage during a talk on the manned lunar exploration program by about sixty key officials of the nation's space program at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC).
Topics: Who -- John H. Glenn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3069
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via a Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. Aboard were Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, What -- Apollo 11, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3023
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Comparison of Germanium Telluride (GeTe) Crystals grown on Earth (left) and in space (right) during the Skylab SL-3 mission. These crystals were grown using a vapor transport crystal growth method in the Multipurpose Electric Furnace System (MEFS). Crystals grown on earth are needles and platelettes with distorted surfaces and hollow growth habits. The length of the ground-based needle is approximately 2 mm and the average lenth of the platelets is 1 mm. The dull appearance of the Skylab...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=82
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Atlanta, Georgia high school student, Neal W. Shannon, is greeted by (left to right): Astronauts Russell L. Schweickart, and Owen K. Garriott; Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Skylab Program Manager, Leland Belew; and MSFC Director of Administration and Technical Services, David Newby, during a tour of MSFC. Shannon was among 25 winners of a contest in which some 3,500 high school students proposed experiments for the following year?s Skylab mission. The nationwide scientific competition was...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Atlanta, Where -- Georgia, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3300
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Joel Wordekemper (right) of Westpoint, Missouri, and Donald Schlack (center) of Downey, California, high school students discuss their proposed Skylab experiment with Kennedy Space Center?s (KSC) and Ron Pavlue (left) and Loren Gross of Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The experiment ?Phototropic Orientation of an Embryo Plant in Zero Gravity?, by Schlack, and ?Plant Growth in Zero Gravity?, Wordekemper, was conducted using the same equipment. The students were among the 25 winners of a...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Missouri, Where -- California, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3284
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Rockford, Illinois high school student, Vincent Converse (left), and Robert Head of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), check out the equipment to be used in conducting the student?s experiment aboard the Skylab the following year. His experiment, ?Zero Gravity Mass Measurement? used a simple leaf spring with the mass to be weighed attached to the end. An electronic package oscillated the spring at a specific rate and the results were recorded electronically. Converse was among 25 winners...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Illinois, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3288
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Once the United States' space program had progressed from Earth's orbit into outerspace, the prospect of building and maintaining a permanent presence in space was realized. To accomplish this feat, NASA launched a temporary workstation, Skylab, to discover the effects of low gravity and weightlessness on the human body, and also to develop tools and equipment that would be needed in the future to build and maintain a more permanent space station. The structures, techniques, and work schedules...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Earth, Where -- United States of America, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1761
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The new era in space flight began on April 12, 1981. That is when the first Space Shuttle mission (STS-1) was launched. The Marshall Space Flight Center developed the propulsion system for the Space Shuttle. This photograph depicts the launch of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia marned with two astronauts, John Young and Robert Crippen.
Topics: Who -- John Young, Who -- Robert Crippen, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-1, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1862
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows a static firing test of the Solid Rocket Qualification Motor-8 (QM-8) at the Morton Thiokol Test Site in Wasatch, Utah. The twin solid rocket boosters provide the majority of thrust for the first two minutes of flight, about 5.8 million pounds, augmenting the Shuttle's main propulsion system during liftoff. The major design drivers for the solid rocket motors (SRM's) were high thrust and reuse. The desired thrust was achieved by using state-of-the-art solid propellant and...
Topics: Where -- Utah, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1686
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Five astronauts launched aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia on January 9, 1990 at 7:35:00am (EST) for the STS-32 mission. The crew included David C. Brandenstein, commander; James D. Weatherbee, pilot; and mission specialists Marsha S. Ivins, G. David Low, and Bonnie J. Dunbar. Primary objectives of the mission were the deployment of the SYNCOM IV-F5 defense communications satellite and the retrieval of NASA?s Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF).
Topics: Who -- Bonnie J. Dunbar, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-32
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3442
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The launch of Thor/Able 3 launch vehicle on August 6, 1959, from the Atlantic Missile Range. The payload was Explorer VI for meteorology study.
Topic: What -- Explorer
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=897
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Designed by the crewmembers assigned to the flight, the STS-46 crew patch depicts the Space Shuttle Atlantis in orbit around Earth, accompanied by major payloads: the European Retrievable Carrier (EURECA) and the Tethered Satellite System (TSS- l). In the depiction, EURECA has been activated and released, its antennae and solar arrays deployed, and it is about to start its ten- month scientific mission. The Tethered Satellite is linked to the orbiter by a 20-krn. tether. The purple beam...
Topics: What -- STS-46, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- Earth, What -- Beam, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3506
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured here is an artist's depiction of Lockheed Martin's Lifting Body Single-Stage-to-Orbit (SSTO) Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) concept servicing the International Space Station. The development of the RLV is essential in the cost reduction of future space travel.
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1785
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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International Cooperation Phase III: A Space Shuttle docked to the International Space Station (ISS) in this computer generated representation of the ISS in its completed and fully operational state with elements from the U.S., Europe, Canada, Japan, and Russia.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Canada, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2240
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-56) onboard photo of Mission Specialist Michael Foale working in the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS-2). The ATLAS program was designed to measure the long term variability in the total energy radiated by the sun and determine the variability in the solar spectrum.
Topics: Who -- Michael Foale, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- STS-5, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=523
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-65) onboard photo of the second International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-2) in the cargo bay with Earth in the background. Mission objectives of IML-2 were to conduct science and technology investigations that required the low-gravity environment of space, with emphasis on experiments that studied the effects of microgravity on materials processes and living organisms. Materials science and life sciences are two of the most exciting areas of microgravity...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-65, What -- IML 2, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2221
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This color image from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) shows a region in NGC 1365, a barred spiral galaxy located in a cluster of galaxies called Fornax. A barred spiral galaxy is characterized by a bar of stars, dust, and gas across its center. The black and white photograph from a ground-based telescope shows the entire galaxy, which is visible from the Southern Hemisphere. The galaxy is estimated to be 60-million light-years from Earth. This image was taken by the HST Wide Field/Planetary...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Fornax, What -- Earth, What -- Camera 2, Where -- NGC...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1717
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Artist's digital concept of the International Space Station (ISS), a gateway to permanent human presence in space, after all assembly is completed in Year 2003. The Station will be powered by almost an acre of solar panels and have a mass of almost one million pounds. Station modules are being provided by the United States, Russia, Japan, and Europe. Canada is providing a mechanical arm and Canada Hand. Sixteen countries are cooperating to provide a multidisciplinary laboratory, technology test...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- United States of America, Where -- Russia,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=736
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A group of NASA officials, headed by Associate Administrator Robert Seamans, toured the Marshall Space Flight Center with Dr. von Braun in 1963.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1934
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph, dated November 13, 1961, shows Dr. von Braun conferring with two officials from NASA Headquarters. Dr. Brainered Holmes is on the left. Dr. Nicholas Golovin is in the center. Holmes was Director of NASA's Office of Marned Space Flight. Golovin was Director of Systems Engineering at Headquarters.
Topic: Where -- NASA Headquarters
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1933
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Test cells comprise specimen sand contained in a latex membrane (with a grid pattern for CCD cameras) between metal end plates and housed in a water-filled Lexan jacket. Experiment flown on STS-79 and STS-89. Principal Investigator: Dr. Stein Sture.
Topics: What -- STS-79, What -- STS-89
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=169
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The test laboratory of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) tested the F-1 engine, the most powerful rocket engine ever fired at MSFC. The engine was tested on the newly modified Saturn IB Static Test Stand which had been used for three years to test the Saturn I eight-engine booster, S-I (first) stage. In 1961 the test stand was modified to permit static firing of the S-I/S-IB stage and the name of the stand was then changed to the S-IB Static Test Stand. Producing a combined thrust of...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1096
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured here is an artist's concept of the experimental X-33 in-flight. The X-33 program was designed to pave the way to a full-scale commercially developed, reusable launch vehicle (RLV). The program that will put the U.S. on a path toward safe, affordable, reliable access to space by providing the latest technology was ready for space flight. The X-33 is the flagship technology demonstrator for technologies that will dramatically lower the cost of access to space. The X-33 program was...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2255
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This video shows a preliminary test of the boom and bucket wheel assembly of the lunar excavator prototype developed by the Center for Commercial Applications of Combustion at the Colorado School of Mines in Golden. According to Michael Duke, director for the center, the wheel on the end of the boom can dig up 45.36 kilograms (100 pounds) of dirt each hour which is several times the weight of the entire device.
Topic: Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3972
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An international crew assigned to STS-99 takes a break from training to pose for the traditional crew portrait at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC). In front are international astronauts and mission specialists Mamoru Mohri, representing Japan's Space Agency (NASDA), and Gerhard P. J. Thiele of Germany, representing the European Space Agency (ESA). In back are astronauts Janice Voss, mission specialist; Kevin R. Kregel, mission commander; Dominic L. Gorie, pilot; and Janet L. Kavandi, mission...
Topics: Who -- Mamoru Mohri, Who -- Janice Voss, What -- STS-99, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2849
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A Canadian "handshake" in space occurred on April 28, 2001, as the Canadian-built space station robotic arm (Canadarm2) transferred its launch cradle over to Endeavour's robotic arm. Pictured is astronaut James S. Voss, Expedition Two flight engineer, working the controls of the new robotic arm. Marning the controls from the shuttle's aft flight deck, Canadian Mission Specialist Chris A. Hadfield of the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) was instrumental in the activity. The Space lab pallet...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2861
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the official crew portrait of the STS-100 mission. Seated are astronauts Kent V. Rominger, (left) and Jeffrey S. Ashby, commander and pilot, respectively. Standing (from the left) are cosmonaut Yuri V. Lonchakov with astronauts Scott E. Parazynski, Umberto Guidoni of the European Space Agency, Chris A. Hadfield, and John L. Phillips, all mission specialists. The seven launched from the Kennedy Space Center aboard the Space shuttle Orbiter Endeavour on April 19, 2001 for an 11-day...
Topics: Who -- Umberto Guidoni, What -- STS-100, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2848
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this Apollo 17 onboard photo, a Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) is parked beside a huge boulder near the Valley of Tourus-Litttrow on the lunar surface. The seventh and last manned lunar landing and return to Earth mission, the Apollo 17, carrying a crew of three astronauts: Mission Commander Eugene A. Cernan; Lunar Module pilot Harrison H. Schmitt; and Command Module pilot Ronald E. Evans, lifted off on December 7, 1972 from the Kennedy Space Flight Center (KSC). Scientific objectives of the...
Topics: What -- Apollo 17, What -- Earth, What -- Taurus, What -- LACE, Where -- The Valley, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2975
NASA Images
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. Inserting a bubble into a floating ball of water in space is difficult, as Pettit demonstrates in this video. Blowing the bubble is the easy part. Getting it to stay in the center of the ball of water is much more difficult. Watch the video to see the technique...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3866
NASA Images
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. Science begets art in this video as Dr. Pettit and commander Ken Bowersox demonstrate two dimensional diffusion using food coloring in a film of water when they created an intriguing birdlike image. Dr. Pettit wonders aloud ?It makes us wonder what Matisse could...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3870
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video, Dr. Pettit demonstrates how to make films of pure water. Watch the video to see how he does it, see his two-dimensional beaker, and marvel along with him at how tenacious the films are.
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- MARVEL
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3869
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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SPD representative Steve Lambing shows the PentaPure water purification unit to some EAA visitors. The Microgravity Research and the Space Product Development Programs joined with the Johnson Space Center (JSC) for a first time ever ISS/Microgravity Research space-focused exhibit at Oshkosh AirVenture'99 from July 28-August 3, 1999. The Space Product Development (SPD) display included the STS-95 ASTROCULTURE training hardware used by John Glenn and his crewmates, a PentaPure water purfication...
Topics: Who -- John H. Glenn, What -- STS-95, Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3103
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Optical prots ring the Electrostatic Levitator (ESL) vacuum chamber to admit light from the heating laser (the beam passes through the window at left), poisitioning lasers (one port is at center), and lamps (arc lamp at right), and to allow diagnostic instruments to view the sample. The ESL uses static electricity to suspend an object (about 2-3 mm in diameter) inside a vacuum chamber while a laser heats the sample until it melts. This lets scientists record a wide range of physical properties...
Topic: What -- Beam
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=791
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Schematic of Electrostatic Levitator (ESL) electrodes and controls system. The ESL uses static electricity to suspend an object (about 2-3 mm in diameter) inside a vacuum chamber while a laser heats the sample until it melts. This lets scientists record a wide range of physical properties without the sample contacting the container or any instruments, conditions that would alter the readings. The Electrostatic Levitator is one of several tools used in NASA's microgravity materials science...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=788
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Cadmium selenium Quantum Dots (QDs) are metal nanoparticles that fluoresce in a variety of colors determined by their size. QDs are solid state structures made of semiconductors or metals that confine a countable, small number of electrons into a small space. The confinement of electrons is achieved by the placement of some insulating material(s) around a central, well conducted region. Coupling QDs with antibodies can be used to make spectrally multiplexed immunoassays that test for a number...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3906
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph depicts a hot fire test of the Shuttle Booster Separation Motor (BSM) at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) test stand 116. The objective of the test was to test the aft heat seal in flight configuration. The function of the motor is to separate the Shuttle vehicle from the boosters that carry it into space.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3987
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA?s Virtual Glovebox (VGX) was developed to allow astronauts on Earth to train for complex biology research tasks in space. The astronauts may reach into the virtual environment, naturally manipulating specimens, tools, equipment, and accessories in a simulated microgravity environment as they would do in space. Such virtual reality technology also provides engineers and space operations staff with rapid prototyping, planning, and human performance modeling capabilities. Other Earth based...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3960
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the STS-116 Crew Portrait. Pictured on the front row from left to right are: William Oefelein, pilot; Joan Higginbotham, mission specialist; and Mark Polansky, commander. On the back row, left to right, are: Robert Curbeam, Nicholas Patrick, Sunita Williams, and the European Space Agency?s Christer Fuglesang, all mission specialists. Williams joined Expedition 14 in progress to serve as flight engineer aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Launched aboard the Space Shuttle...
Topics: Who -- William Oefelein, Who -- Joan Higginbotham, Who -- Mark Polansky, Who -- Robert Curbeam, Who...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3917
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit photographed a cube shaped wire frame supporting a thin film made from a water-soap solution during his Saturday Morning Science aboard the International Space Station?s (ISS) Destiny Laboratory. Food coloring was added to several faces to observe the effects of diffusion within the film.
Topics: What -- WIRE, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Destiny
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3905