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NASA Images
Feb 18, 2009 NASA
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A squirrel monkey, Baker, in bio-pack couch being readied for Jupiter (AM-18 flight). Jupiter, AM-18 mission, also carried an American-born rhesus monkey, Able into suborbit. The flight was successful and both monkeys were recovered in good condition. AM-18 was launched on May 28, 1959.
Topics: Early Rockets, Jupiter, Baker, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), What -- Jupiter
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Years before Huntsville, Alabama got its start in missiles and space, the community was known as the State's leading cotton producer. This is a historical photo of the Dallas Cotton Mills printed in "The Huntsville Post" December 27, 1900. (Courtesy of Huntsville/Madison County Public Library)
Topic: Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2729
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On December 17, 1903, two brothers from Dayton, Ohio, named Wilbur and Orville Wright, were successful in flying an airplane they built. Their powered aircraft flew for 12 seconds above the sand dunes of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, making them the first men to pilot a heavier-than-air machine that took off on its own power, remained under control, and sustained flight.
Topics: Where -- Ohio, Where -- North Carolina
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1851
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a childhood picture of Dr. von Braun (center) with his brothers. Dr. Wernher von Braun was born in Wirsitz, Germany, March 23, 1912. His childhood dreams of marned space flight were fulfilled when giant Saturn rockets, developed under his direction at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, boosted the manned Apollo spacecraft to the Moon. His life was dedicated to expanding man's knowledge through the exploration of space.
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Germany, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1469
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Robert H. Goddard and liquid oxygen-gasoline rocket in the frame from which it was fired on March 16, 1926, at Auburn, Mass. It flew for only 2.5 seconds, climbed 41 feet, and landed 184 feet away in a cabbage patch. From 1930 to 1941, Dr. Goddard made substantial progress in the development of progressively larger rockets, which attained altitudes of 2400 meters, and refined his equipment for guidance and control, his techniques of welding, and his insulation, pumps, and other associated...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1823
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Goddard's 1926 rocket configuration. Dr. Goddard's liquid oxygen-gasoline rocket was fired on March 16, 1926, at Auburn, Massachusetts. It flew for only 2.5 seconds, climbed 41 feet, and landed 184 feet away in a cabbage patch. From 1930 to 1941, Dr. Goddard made substantial progress in the development of progressively larger rockets, which attained altitudes of 2400 meters, and refined his equipment for guidance and control, his techniques of welding, and his insulation, pumps, and other...
Topic: Where -- Massachusetts
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1824
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun was among a famous group of rocket experimenters in Germany in the 1930s. This photograph is believed to be made on the occasion of Herman Oberth's Kegelduese liquid rocket engine being certified as to performance during firing. From left to right are R. Nebel, Dr. Ritter, Mr. Baermueller, Kurt Heinish, Herman Oberth, Klaus Riedel, Wernher von Braun, and an unidentified person.
Topic: Where -- Germany
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1914
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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During World War II, Arsenal workers from Huntsville, Alabama, and surrounding areas responded to the call for civilian defense workers.
Topic: Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1865
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This German cutaway drawing of the Aggregate-4 (A-4) illustrates the dimensions and internal workings of the rocket. Later renamed the V-2, the rocket was developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the German Rocket Team at Peenemuende on the Baltic Sea. At the end of World War II, the team of German engineers and scientists came to the United States to work for the Army at Fort Bliss, Texas, and Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama.
Topics: Where -- Baltic Sea, Where -- United States of America, Where -- Texas, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=290
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The German Rocket Team, also known as the Von Braun Rocket Team, poses for a group photograph at Fort Bliss, Texas. After World War II ended in 1945, Dr. Wernher von Braun led some 120 of his Peenemuende Colleagues, who developed the V-2 rocket for the German military during the War, to the United Sttes under a contract to the U.S. Army Corps as part of Operation Paperclip. During the following five years the team worked on high altitude firings of the captured V-2 rockets at the White Sands...
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Topics: Where -- Texas, Where -- New Mexico, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=840
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Hermes A-1 rocket was designed by the U. S. Army after capturing the V-2 rocket from the German army at the conclusion of the Second World War. The Hermes A-1 is a modified V-2 rocket; it utilized the German aerodynamic configuration; however, internally it was a completely new design. This rocket was the first designed by the German Rocket Team at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, AL.
Topic: What -- Hermes
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=291
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this undated file photo, probably from World War II, a V-2 rocket emerges from its camouflaged shelter. The team of German engineers and scientists who developed the V-2 came to the United States after World War II and worked for the U. S. Army at Fort Bliss, Texas and Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama.
Topics: Where -- United States of America, Where -- Texas, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2196
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The cutaway drawing of the A-4 (Aggregate-4) rocket. Later renamed the V-2 (Vengeance Weapon-2), The rocket was developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the German rocket team at Peenemuende, Germany on the Baltic Sea. At the end of World War II, the team of German engineers and scientists came to the United States and continued rocket research for the Army at Fort Bliss, Texas, and Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama.
Topics: Where -- Germany, Where -- Baltic Sea, Where -- United States of America, Where -- Texas, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=859
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This drawing illustrates the vital dimensions of the A-4 (Aggregate-4). Later renamed the V-2 (Vengeance Weapon-2), the rocket was developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the German rocket team at Peenemuende, Germany on the Baltic Sea. At the end of World War II, the team of German engineers and scientists came to the United States and continued rocket research for the Army at Fort Bliss, Texas, and Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama.
Topics: Where -- Germany, Where -- Baltic Sea, Where -- United States of America, Where -- Texas, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=858
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In the years following World War II, the Army directed that the Huntsville, Alabama Arsenal be advertised for sale. The decision was reversed because the Army found it needed this land for the new missile work that would occur at Redstone Arsenal.
Topic: Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1967
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1940s photo of the South side of Square in downtown Huntsville, Alabama, looking west, shows a historical bank in the background with cars parked just South of the Courthouse (not shown in photo). (Courtesy of Huntsville/Madison County Public Library)
Topic: Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2728
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Goddard rocket in launching tower at Roswell, New Mexico, March 21, 1940. Fuel was injected by pumps from the fueling platform at left. From 1930 to 1941, Dr. Goddard made substantial progress in the development of progressively larger rockets, which attained altitudes of 2400 meters, and refined his equipment for guidance and control, his techniques of welding, and his insulation, pumps, and other associated equipment. In many respects, Dr. Goddard laid the essential foundations of practical...
Topic: Where -- New Mexico
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=857
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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General Erich Fellgiebel, head of the German Army Information Service during World War II, congratulates members of the von Braun rocket team from Peenemunde for their October 3, 1942 A4 flight. Pictured front center is General Erich Fellgiebel. Shaking hands are General Walter Dornberger (left) and General Janssen, commanding officer of Peenemuende with Rudolph Hermarn to their right. Picture left to right in the back row are Wernher von Braun, Captain Stoelzel, Luftwaffe, and Dr. Gerhard...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1845
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photograph from the fall of 1943, German technicians wire vehicles for mobile V-2 batteries in an abandoned railroad turnel in the Rhineland. The team of German engineers and scientists who developed the V-2 came to the United States at the end of World War II and worked for the U. S. Army at Fort Bliss, Texas, and Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama.
Topics: What -- WIRE, Where -- United States of America, Where -- Texas, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Germany
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=287
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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German technicians stack the various stages of the V-2 rocket in this undated photograph. The team of German engineers and scientists who developed the V-2 came to the United States at the end of World War II and worked for the U. S. Army at Fort Bliss, Texas, and Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama.
Topics: Where -- United States of America, Where -- Texas, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Germany
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=288
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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During World War II, Arsenal workers from Huntsville, Alabama. and surrounding areas responded to the call for civilian defense workers. This February 20, 1945 photo shows workers filling colored smoke grenades that were used for signaling. (Courtesy of Huntsville/Madison County Public Library)
Topic: Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=841
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Wernher von Braun surrenders to U.S. Army Counterintelligence persornel of the 44th Infantry Division in Ruette, Bavaria on May 2, 1945. Left to right are Charles Stewart, CIC agent; Dr. Herbert Axster; Dieter Huzel; Dr. von Braun (arm in cast); Magnus von Braun (brother); and Hans Lindenberg.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=920
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A V-2 rocket takes flight at White Sands, New Mexico, in 1946. The German engineers and scientists who developed the V-2 came to the United States at the end of World War II and continued rocket testing under the direction of the U. S. Army, launching more than sixty V-2s.
Topics: Where -- New Mexico, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=286
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A V-2 rocket is hoisted into a static test facility at White Sands, New Mexico. The German engineers and scientists who developed the V-2 came to the United States at the end of World War II and continued rocket testing under the direction of the U. S. Army, launching more than sixty V-2s.
Topics: Where -- New Mexico, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=289
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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General Medaris, (left) who was a Commander of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) in Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, during 1955 to 1958, shakes hands with Major General Holger Toftoy (right), who consolidated U.S. missile and rocketry development.
Topic: Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2725
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This historical photograph is of the Apollo Space Program Leaders. An inscription appears at the top of the image that states, ?Our deep appreciation for your outstanding contribution to the success of Apollo 11?, signed ?S?, indicating that it was originally signed by Apollo Program Director General Sam Phillips, pictured second from left. From left to right are; NASA Associate Administrator George Mueller; Phillips; Kurt Debus, Director of the Kennedy Space Center; Robert Gilruth, Director of...
Topics: What -- Apollo 11, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2928
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun stands beside a model of the upper stage (Earth-returnable stage) of the three-stage launch vehicle built for the series of the motion picture productions of space flight produced by Walt Disney in the mid-1950's.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1439
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Five pioneers pose with scale models of their missiles they created in the 1950s. From left to right: Dr. Ernst Stuhlinger, a member of the original German rocket team who directed the Research Projects Office, Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA); Major General Holger Toftoy, who consolidated U.S. missile and rocketry development; Professor Herman Oberth, a rocket pioneer and Dr. von Braun's mentor; Dr. Wernher von Braun, Director, Development Operation Division, ABMA; and Dr. Robert Lusser,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=845
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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U.S. Air Force cruise missile Navaho on the launch pad. Even though it never reached operational status before cancellation in 1957, Navaho research development contributed to the aeronautical research program. The heavy Navaho vehicle weighed 136,000 kilograms, capable of Mach-3 speeds, and used an improved V-2 engine, was boosted into the air by three liquid-propellant rocket engines of 135,000 pounds of thrust each. Variants of these engines were developed for Army's Redstone and Jupiter...
Topic: What -- Jupiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=863
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The launch of U.S. Air Force cruise missile Navaho in 1957. Even though it never reached operational status before cancellation in 1957, Navaho research development contributed to the aeronautical research program. The heavy Navaho vehicle weighed 136,000 kilograms, capable of Mach-3 speeds, and used an improved V-2 engine, was boosted into the air by three liquid-propellant rocket engines of 135,000 pounds of thrust each. Variants of these engines were developed for Army's Redstone and Jupiter...
Topic: What -- Jupiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=864
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Test firing of a Redstone Missile at Redstone Test Stand in the early 1950's. The Redstone was a high-accuracy, liquid-propelled, surface-to-surface missile developed by the von Braun Team under the management of the U.S. Army. The Redstone was the first major rocket development program in the United States.
Topic: Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=868
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows the installation of a Mercury capsule and escape system on top of a booster prior to test firing of the Mercury-Redstone at Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC's) Redstone Test Stand. Assembled by MSFC, the Mercury-Redstone was designed to place a marned space capsule in orbital flight around the Earth and recover both safely.
Topics: What -- Mercury, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1964
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A Mercury-Redstone launch vehicle awaits test-firing in the Redstone Test Stand during the late 1950s. Between 1953 and 1960, the rocket team at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama performed hundreds of test firings on the Redstone rocket, over 200 on the Mercury-Redstone vehicle configuration alone. It was this configuration which launched America's first two marned space missions, Freedom 7 and Liberty Bell 7,in 1961.
Topics: What -- Mercury, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=990
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Test firing of a Redstone Missile at Redstone Test Stand in the early 1950's. The Redstone was a high-accuracy, liquid-propelled, surface-to-surface missile developed by the von Braun Team under the management of the U.S. Army. The Redstone was the first major rocket development program in the United States.
Topic: Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=867
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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As the nations missile and rocket program began to expand in the 50's, Huntsville, Alabama was the home to Redstone Arsenal and the famous team of rocket experts led by Dr. Wernher Von Braun. Soon Huntsville was called the "Rocket City" as depicted in this photo believed to have been taken in the 1950's in Huntsville, Alabama. (Courtesy of Huntsville/Madison County Public Library)
Topic: Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1450
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Bumper Wac liftoff at the Long Range Proving Ground located at Cape Canaveral, Florida. At White Sands, New Mexico, the German rocket team experimented with a two-stage rocket called Bumper Wac, which intended to provide data for upper atmospheric research. On February 24, 1950, the Bumper, which employed a V-2 as the first stage with a Wac Corporal upper stage, obtained a peak altitude of more than 240 miles.
Topics: Where -- Florida, Where -- New Mexico
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1176
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A Bumper Wac, a combination the V-2 rocket with a WAC Corporal upper stage, awaits launch on July 24, 1950. It was the eighth in the Bumper Project and the vehicle reached the altitude of 393 kilometers. The Bumper was built by the German Rocket experts at the White Sands Proving Ground in New Mexico. In 1950, the last two Bumper launches took place in Florida, at the Long Range Proving Ground, located at Cape Canaveral.
Topics: Where -- New Mexico, Where -- Florida
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=860
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The photograph shows the completed Saturn 1 S-1 stage (booster) during the checkout in the Marshall Space Flight Center, building 4705, January 23, 1961. The Saturn I S-I stage had eight H-1 engines clustered, using liquid oxygen/kerosene-1 (LOX/RP-1) propellants capable of producing a total of 1,500,000 pounds of thrust.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1010
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a von Braun 1952 space station concept. In a 1952 series of articles written in Collier's, Dr. Wernher von Braun, then Technical Director of the Army Ordnance Guided Missiles Development Group at Redstone Arsenal, wrote of a large wheel-like space station in a 1,075-mile orbit. This station, made of flexible nylon, would be carried into space by a fully reusable three-stage launch vehicle. Once in space, the station's collapsible nylon body would be inflated much like an automobile...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1545
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The first Redstone was fired at Cape Canaveral, Florida on August 20, 1953. Redstone was the first major rocket development program for United States by the Peenemuende group led by Dr. Wernher von Braun
Topics: Where -- Florida, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=869
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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U.S. Army Redstone Rocket: The Redstone ballistic missile was a high-accuracy, liquid-propelled, surface-to-surface missile developed by the Army Ballistic Missile Agency, Redstone Arsenal, in Huntsville, Alabama, under the direction of Dr. von Braun. The Redstone rocket was also known as "Old Reliable" because of its many diverse missions. The first Redstone Missile was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida on August 30, 1953.
Topics: Where -- Alabama, Where -- Florida
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1853
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Center Director Dr. Wernher Von Braun is pictured with Walt Disney during a visit to the Marshall Space Flight Center in 1954. In the 1950s, Dr. Von Braun while working in California on the Saturn project, also worked with Disney studios as a technical director in making three films about Space Exploration for television. Disney's tour of Marshall in 1965 was Von Braun's hope for a renewed public interest in the future of the Space Program at NASA.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=438
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Wernher von Braun (center), then Chief of the Guided Missile Development Division at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, discusses a "bottle suit" model with Dr. Heinz Haber (left), an expert on aviation medicine, and Willey Ley, a science writer on rocketry and space exploration. The three men were at the Disney studios appearing in the motion picture, entitled "Man in Space.
Topic: Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1459
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The members of the Peenemuende team and their family members were awarded the United States citizenship on April 14, 1955. Pictured here is Dr. Ernst Stuhlinger (middle) and Dr. Wernher von Braun signing U.S. citizenship certificates. Martin Schilling is at left.
Topic: Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1442
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In a swearing-in ceremony held at Huntsville High School, one hundred and three German-born scientists and engineers, along with family members, took the oath of citizenship to become United States citizens. Among those taking the oath was Dr. Wernher von Braun, located in the second row, right side, third from the end.
Topic: Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=921
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Launch of a three-stage Vanguard (SLV-7) from Cape Canaveral, Florida, September 18, 1959. Designated Vanguard III, the 100-pound satellite was used to study the magnetic field and radiation belt. In September 1955, the Department of Defense recommended and authorized the new program, known as Project Vanguard, to launch Vanguard booster to carry an upper atmosphere research satellite in orbit. The Vanguard vehicles were used in conjunction with later booster vehicle such as the Thor and Atlas,...
Topics: What -- Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite, What -- Atlas, Where -- Florida
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=861
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Vanguard undergoes a static test at the Missile Test Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida. In September 1955, the Department of Defense (DOD) recommended and authorized the new program, known as Project Vanguard, to launch a Vanguard booster to carry an upper atmosphere research satellite into orbit. This photograph was released by the U.S. Navy on January 23, 1958.
Topics: What -- Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite, Where -- Florida
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2465
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun and Dr. Ernst Stuhlinger at the Observatory of the Rocket City Astronomical Association in 1956.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=922
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a 1956 night shot of the east side of Square in downtown Huntsville, Alabama. Photo Courtesy of Huntsville Public Library
Topic: Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2724
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Navaho in flight, 1957. Navaho is a surface-to-surface missile developed by North American Aviation under the U.S. Air Force Navaho Program. The Navaho engine was an improvement of the V-2 engine. Though program began in March 1946 and was cancelled in July 1957, the research to develop the Navaho engine contributed to the development of the Redstone, Jupiter, Thor, and ATLAS engines.
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Atlas
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=865
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Installation of a Jupiter missile in ABMA (Army Ballistic Missile Agency) West Test Stand, Jan. 16, 1957. Jupiter was a 1500-mile range missile
Topic: What -- Jupiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=882
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Installation of a Jupiter Missile in ABMA (Army Ballistic Missile Agency) West Test Stand, Jan. 16, 1957. Jupiter was a 1500-mile range missile
Topic: What -- Jupiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=883
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Jupiter rocket was designed and developed by the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA). ABMA launched the Jupiter-A at Cape Canaveral, Florida, on March 1, 1957. The Jupiter vehicle was a direct derivative of the Redstone. The Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, continued Jupiter development into a successful intermediate ballistic missile, even though the Department of Defense directed its operational development to the Air Force. ABMA maintained a role in...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Florida, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=873
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Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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America?s first scientific satellite, the Explorer I, carried the radiation detection experiment designed by Dr. James Van Allen and discovered the Van Allen Radiation Belt. It was launched aboard a modified redstone rocket known as the Jupiter C, developed by Dr. von Braun?s rocket team at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. The satellite launched on January 31, 1958, just 3 months after the the von Braun team received the go-ahead.
Topics: What -- Explorer, What -- Jupiter, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3045
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Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Army Ballistic Missile Agency incorporated the von Braun team in key positions with Dr. von Braun as a head of the Development Operations Division. On October 4, 1957, the Nation was shocked when the Russians launched Sputnik, the world's first artificial satellite. Two months later, the United States suffered disappointment when a Navy Vanguard rocket, with its satellite payload, failed to develop sufficient thrust and toppled over on the launch pad.
Topic: Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1854
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Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This snapshot, dated November 1957, shows Dr. von Braun in downtown Huntsville, Alabama.
Topics: What -- Snapshot, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1929
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Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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(From left to right) Karl L. Heimburg, Director of the Test Laboratory; Dr. Wernher von Braun, Director of the Development Operation Division; and Major General John B. Medaris with the model of S-1B Test Stand. Gen. Medaris was a Commander of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) in Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, during 1955 to 1958.
Topic: Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2159
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Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The modified Jupiter C (sometimes called Juno I), used to launch Explorer I, had minimum payload lifting capabilities. Explorer I weighed slightly less than 31 pounds. Juno II was part of America's effort to increase payload lifting capabilities. Among other achievements, the vehicle successfully launched a Pioneer IV satellite on March 3, 1959, and an Explorer VII satellite on October 13, 1959. Responsibility for Juno II passed from the Army to the Marshall Space Flight Center when the Center...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Explorer, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1829
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Installation of Explorer 1, the first United States' satellite, to its launch vehicle, Jupiter-C, January 1958
Topics: What -- Explorer 1, What -- Jupiter, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=875
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Explorer 1 satellite. This photo was taken during the installation of Explorer-1, the first United States' Earth-orbiting satellite, to its launch vehicle, Jupiter-C, in January 1958
Topics: What -- Explorer 1, What -- Earth, What -- Jupiter, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=874
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In January 1958, a modified Redstone rocket lifted the first American satellite into orbit just 3 months after the the von Braun team received the go-ahead. This modified Redstone rocket was known as a Jupiter-C. Its satellite payload was called Explorer I.
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Explorer
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1855
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Launch of Jupiter-C/Explorer 1 at Cape Canaveral, Florida on January 31, 1958. After the Russian Sputnik 1 was launched in October 1957, the launching of an American satellite assumed much greater importance. After the Vanguard rocket exploded on the pad in December 1957, the ability to orbit a satellite became a matter of national prestige. On January 31, 1958, slightly more than four weeks after the launch of Sputnik.The ABMA (Army Ballistic Missile Agency) in Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville,...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Sputnik 1, Where -- Florida, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Jet Propulsion...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=877
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Launch of Jupiter-C/Explorer 1 at Cape Canaveral, Florida on January 31, 1958. After the Russian Sputnik 1 was launched in October 1957, the launching of an American satellite assumed much greater importance. After the Vanguard rocket exploded on the pad in December 1957, the ability to orbit a satellite became a matter of national prestige. On January 31, 1958, slightly more than four weeks after the launch of Sputnik.The ABMA (Army Ballistic Missile Agency) in Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville,...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Sputnik 1, What -- Explorer 1, Where -- Florida, Where -- Alabama, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=878
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This illustration shows the main characteristics of the Jupiter C launch vehicle and its payload, the Explorer I satellite. The Jupiter C, America's first successful space vehicle, launched the free world's first scientific satellite, Explorer 1, on January 31, 1958. The four-stage Jupiter C measured almost 69 feet in length. The first stage was a modified liquid fueled Redstone missile. This main stage was about 57 feet in length and 70 inches in diameter. Fifteen scaled down SERGENT solid...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Explorer 1, What -- Explorer
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1978
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Jet Propulsion Laboratory Director Dr. James Pickering, Dr. James van Allen of the State University of Iowa, and Army Ballistic missionile Agency Technical Director Dr. Wernher von Braun triumphantly display a model of the Explorer I, America's first satellite, shortly after the satellite's launch on January 31, 1958. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory packed and tested the payload, a radiation detection experiment designed by Dr. van Allen. Dr. von Braun's rocket team at Redstone Arsenal in...
Topics: What -- Explorer, What -- Jupiter, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Where -- Iowa, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=268
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Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Jupiter-C Missile No. 27 assembly at the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA), Redstone Arsenal, in Huntsville, Aalabama. The Jupiter-C was a modification of the Redstone Missile, and originally developed as a nose cone re-entry test vehicle for the Jupiter Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM). Jupiter-C successfully launched the first American Satellite, Explorer 1, in orbit on January 31, 1958.
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Explorer 1
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=880
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Activities in a blockhouse during the launch of Jupiter-C/Explorer 1 on January 31, 1958
Topic: What -- Jupiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=879
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Explorer 1 atop a Jupiter-C in gantry. Jupiter-C carrying the first American satellite, Explorer 1, was successfully launched on January 31, 1958. The Jupiter-C launch vehicle consisted of a modified version of the Redstone rocket's first stage and two upper stages of clustered Baby Sergeant rockets developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and later designated as Juno boosters for space launches
Topics: What -- Explorer 1, What -- Jupiter, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=876
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Juno I, a slightly modified Jupiter-C launch vehicle, shortly before the January 31, 1958 launch of America's first satellite, Explorer I. The Jupiter-C, developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the rocket team at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama, consisted of a modified version of the Redstone rocket's first stage and two upper stages of clustered Baby Sergeant rockets developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Explorer, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2164
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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During a visit to the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the Congresssional House Committee on Science and Astronautics presented MSFC?s Director Dr. Wernher von Braun with a portrait of himself to be displayed at the center. Pictured left-to-right during the presentation are: von Braun; Mrs. von Braun, Maria; Democratic representative of Texas, Olin E. Teague; and Democratic representative of Alabama, Robert Jones.
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Texas, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3270
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Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun inside the blockhouse during the launch of the Jupiter C/Explorer III in March 1958.
Topic: What -- Jupiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1436
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Redstone missile No. 1002 on the launch pad at Cape Canaveral, Florida, on May 16, 1958. The Redstone ballistic missile was a high-accuracy, liquid-propelled, surface-to-surface missile developed by the Army Ballistic Missile Agency, Redstone Arsenal, in Huntsville, Alabama, under the direction of Dr. von Braun. The Redstone engine was a modified and improved version of the Air Force's Navaho cruise missile engine of the late forties. The A-series, as this would be known, utilized a cylindrical...
Topics: What -- Explorer 1, Where -- Florida, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=871
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Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On May 28, 1958, Jupiter Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile provided by U.S. Army team in Huntsville, Alabama, launched a nose cone carrying Baker, a South American squirrel monkey and Able, an American-born rhesus monkey. Baker, pictured here and commonly known as "Miss Baker", was later given a home at the U.S. Space and Rocket Center until her death on November 29, 1984. Able died in 1958. (Photo - Courtesy of Huntsville/Madison County Public Library)
Topics: What -- Jupiter, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1895
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Professor Hermann Oberth and Dr. von Braun are briefed on satellite orbits by Dr. Charles A. Lundquist at Army Ballistic Missile Agency, Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville, Alabama.
Topic: Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=923
NASA Images
Nov 18, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Space Flight Center Director Wernher von Braun presents General J.B. Medaris with a new golf bag. General Medaris, (left) was a Commander of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) in Redstone Arsenal, Alabama during 1955 to 1958.
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2726