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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronauts Jim Voss and Jay Apt perform check-out procedures on a Hubble Space Telescope mock-up while working in the Marshall Space Flight Center's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1617
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A Marshall researcher examines a sample from the Solar Array Passive Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF). LDEF, which flew in space, measured the number, severity, and effects of micrometeroid hits on various materials. The data will lead to improved spacecraft design in the future.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=457
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis (STS-46) onboard photo of the Tethered Satellite System (TSS-1) deployment. A cooperative development effort by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) and NASA, the Tethered Satellite System (TSS) made capable the deployment and retrieval of a satellite which is attached by a wire tether from distances up to 100 km from the Orbiter. These free-flying satellites are used as observation platforms outside of the Orbiter.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-46, What -- WIRE
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2564
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Mark Lee participates in the Nitrox breathing system test in Marshall's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=405
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Payload Commander, Bornie Dunbar loading samples in the CGF onboard STS-50, USML-1.
Topics: What -- STS-5, What -- USML 1
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=13
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Vice-president Dan Quayle and Alabama Governor Guy Hunt are greeted by Marshall Center Director Thomas J. Lee (1989-1994) (center) and NASA Administrator Dan Goldin (shaking hands with Vice-president Quayle) at the space station engineering mock-up.
Topics: Who -- Dan Quayle, Who -- Thomas J. Lee, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=466
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Japanese Experimental Module testing in Marshall's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=376
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Onboard Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-50) crewmembers rally around the American flag in the United States Microgravity Laboratory-1 (USML-1). Pictured are (from top, left to right) pilot Kerneth D. Bowersox; payload specialist Lawrence J. Delucas; commander Richard N. Richards; payload commander Bonnie J. Dunbar; mission specialists Carl J. Meade and Ellen S. Baker; and payload specialist Eugene H. Trinh.
Topics: Who -- Lawrence J. DeLucas, Who -- Richard N. Richards, Who -- Bonnie J. Dunbar, What -- Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=537
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A Mercury-Redstone launch vehicle awaits test-firing in the Redstone Test Stand during the late 1950s. Between 1953 and 1960, the rocket team at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama performed hundreds of test firings on the Redstone rocket, over 200 on the Mercury-Redstone vehicle configuration alone. It was this configuration which launched America's first two marned space missions, Freedom 7 and Liberty Bell 7,in 1961.
Topics: What -- Mercury, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=990
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA scientist, in the Space Sciences lab at Marshall, works with capillary optics that generate more intense X-rays than conventional sources. This capability is useful in studying the structure of important proteins.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=446
NASA Images
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Onboard STS-73, USML-2: Mission Specialist, Payload Commander, Kathryn Thorton with (CGF) Crystal Growth Furnace
Topic: What -- STS-73
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=17
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Early Chinese rockets were used in warfare and celebrations. In fact, the origin of the rocket is shown simply in these Chinese characters. They stand for both "rocket" and "fire arrow.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1869
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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They sounded more like fireworks than rockets but the Chinese used rockets in battle.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1868
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1961 photograph shows Dr. von Braun and Alabama Congressman Robert Jones before a huge map illustrating the layout for a Research Institute at the University of Alabama in Huntsville.
Topic: Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1926
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Wernher Von Braun (Marshall Center Director 1960-1970) and Dr. Rocco Petrone (Marshall Center Director 1973-1974) talk during a lull in the preparations of a Saturn 1 vehicle launch at Cape Kennedy's Launch complex 37 Control Center.
Topic: What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=439
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept illustrates the Module Nova concept - Solid C-3 Basis. From 1960 to 1962, the Marshall Space Flight Center considered the Nova launch vehicle as a means to achieve a marned lunar landing with a direct flight to the Moon. Various configurations of the vehicle were examined. The latest configuration was a five-stage vehicle using eight F-1 engines in the first stage. Although the program was canceled after NASA planners selected the lunar/orbital rendezvous mode, the...
Topics: What -- Moon, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1105
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Prior to MSFC (Marshall Space Flight Center) Director, Dr. von Braun's transfer to NASA Headquarters where he had been appointed Deputy Associate Administrator for Plarning, he was honored during a series of events recognizing his contribution to the space effort during his career in Huntsville, Alabama. In this photo at the Madison County Courthouse, Dr. von Braun is shown seated next to his wife, Maria, as U.S. Senator John Sparkman comments on his career in Huntsville, Alabama, where he...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- NASA Headquarters, Where -- Alabama, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=961
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Time-lapse exposure depicts Bioreactor rotation. NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) is sponsoring research with Bioreactors, rotating wall vessels designed to grow tissue samples in space, to understand how breast cancer works. This ground-based work studies the growth and assembly of human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) from breast cancer susceptible tissue. Radiation can make the cells cancerous, thus allowing better comparisons of healthy vs. tunourous tissues.
Topics: What -- Cancer, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=801
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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During World War II, Arsenal workers from Huntsville, Alabama. and surrounding areas responded to the call for civilian defense workers. This February 20, 1945 photo shows workers filling colored smoke grenades that were used for signaling. (Courtesy of Huntsville/Madison County Public Library)
Topic: Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=841
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Director Wernher von Braun stands ready at a periscope in Kennedy Space Center's Blockhouse 34 on May 28, 1964 as he awaits the launch of the SA-6, the sixth Saturn I flight. Also known as Apollo mission A-101, the launch marked the first flight of an Apollo spacecraft with a Saturn launch vehicle.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1483
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Blast off of NASA's Shuttle Discovery STS-95
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- STS-95
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=183
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Onboard Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-75) the vertical stabilizer appears to point to the four stars of the Southern Cross. The scene was captured with a 35mm camera just prior to a sunrise.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-75
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1736
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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MSFC Director, Dr. Wernher von Braun is joined by his wife, Maria, at the MSFC (Marshall Space Flight Center) picnic, celebrating the Apollo 11 and man's first landing on the Moon.
Topics: What -- Apollo 11, What -- Moon, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1462
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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University of Alabama engineer Stacey Giles briefs NASA astronaut Dr. Bornie Dunbar about the design and capabilities of the X-ray Crystallography Facility under development at the Center for Macromolecular Crystallography of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL, April 21, 1999. The X-ray Crystallography Facility is designed to speed the collection of protein structure information from crystals grown aboard the International Space Station. By measuring and mapping the protein crystal...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=245
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA's Space Optics Manufacturing Center has been working to expand our view of the universe via sophisticated new telescopes. The Optics Center's goal is to develop low-cost, advanced space optics technologies for the NASA program in the 21st century - including the long-term goal of imaging Earth-like planets in distant solar systems. To reduce the cost of mirror fabrication, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has developed replication techniques, the machinery, and materials to replicate...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Electro, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2456
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Concept of a vehicle journeys from Earth to Mars propelled by thrusters powered by electricity from photovoltaic cells on its large fan shaped sails
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Mars
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=695
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A crew member of the STS-93 mission took this photograph of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, still attached to the Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), backdropped against the darkness of space not long after its release from Orbiter Columbia. Two firings of an attached IUS rocket placed the Observatory into its working orbit. The primary duty of the crew of this mission was to deploy the 50,162-pound Observatory, the world's most powerful x-ray telescope.
Topics: What -- STS-93, What -- Columbia
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1999
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image of the International Space Station (ISS) was taken during the STS-106 mission. The ISS component nearest the camera is the U.S. built Node 1 or Unity module, which cornected with the Russian built Functional Cargo Block (FGB) or Zarya. The FGB was linked with the Service Module or Zvezda. On the far end is the Russian Progress supply ship.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-106, What -- Unity, What -- Zvezda
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1576
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Launch of Jupiter-C/Explorer 1 at Cape Canaveral, Florida on January 31, 1958. After the Russian Sputnik 1 was launched in October 1957, the launching of an American satellite assumed much greater importance. After the Vanguard rocket exploded on the pad in December 1957, the ability to orbit a satellite became a matter of national prestige. On January 31, 1958, slightly more than four weeks after the launch of Sputnik.The ABMA (Army Ballistic Missile Agency) in Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville,...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Sputnik 1, What -- Explorer 1, Where -- Florida, Where -- Alabama, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=878
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Suzarne Nichols (12th grade) from DuPont Manual High School in Louisville, Kentucky, asks a question of on of the on-line lecturers during the Pan-Pacific Basin Workshop on Microgravity Sciences held in Pasadena, California. The event originated at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. The DuPont Manual students patched in to the event through the distance learning lab at the Louisville Science Center. NASA materials engineer Chris Cochrane prepare students for the on-line workshop...
Topics: Where -- Kentucky, Where -- California, Where -- Los Angeles
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2110
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A 16mm film frame shows convective regions inside silicone oil playing the part of a stellar atmosphere in the Geophysical Fluid Flow Cell (GFFC). An electrostatic field pulled the oil inward to mimic gravity's effects during the experiments. The GFFC thus produced flow patterns that simulated conditions inside the atmospheres of Jupiter and the Sun and other stars. Numbers of the frame indicate temperatures and other conditions. This image is from the Spacelab-3 flight in 1985. GFFC was...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Sun, Where -- Colorado, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=825
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Interferometer Protein Crystal Growth (IPCG) experiment was designed to measure details of how protein molecules move through a fluid. It was flown on the STS-86 mission for use aboard Russian Space Station Mir in 1998. It studied aspects of how crystals grow - and what conditions lead to the best crystals, details that remain a mystery. IPCG produces interference patterns by spilitting then recombining laser light. This let scientists see how fluid densities - and molecular diffusion -...
Topics: What -- STS-86, What -- Russian Mir Space Station, Where -- California, Where -- Marshall Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=771
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The National Space Science and Technology Center (NSSTC), located in Huntsville, Alabama, is a laboratory for cutting-edge research in selected scientific and engineering disciplines. The major objectives of the NSSTC are to provide multiple fields of expertise coming together to solve solutions to science and technology problems, and gaining recognition as a world-class science research organization. The center, opened in August 2000, focuses on space science, Earth sciences, information...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2627
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Space Flight Center Director Wernher von Braun presents General J.B. Medaris with a new golf bag. General Medaris, (left) was a Commander of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) in Redstone Arsenal, Alabama during 1955 to 1958.
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2726
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the insignia for the STS-107 mission which is a multidiscipline microgravity and Earth science research mission involving 80-plus International experiments to be performed by a crew of seven during the 16-day mission. The breadth of science conducted on this mission will have widespread benefits to life on Earth. Many of the experiments will be managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The first shuttle mission in 2003, the STS-107 mission launched January 16,...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2581
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A NASA team studying the causes of electrical storms and their effects on our home planet achieved a milestone on August 21, 2002, completing the study's longest-duration research flight and monitoring four thunderstorms in succession. Based at the Naval Air Station Key West, Florida, researchers with the Altus Cumulus Electrification Study (ACES) used the Altus II remotely-piloted aircraft to study thunderstorms in the Atlantic Ocean off Key West and the west of the Everglades. The ACES...
Topics: Where -- Florida, Where -- Atlantic Ocean, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2466
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A clear blue sky hosts the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia STS-107 mission as it hurtles toward space from launch pad 39A at Kennedy Space Center on January 16, 2003. The 28th Columbia flight and 113th overall flight in NASA's Space Shuttle program, STS-107 is a multidiscipline microgravity and Earth science research mission involving 80-plus International experiments to be performed by a crew of seven during the 16-day mission. The breadth of science conducted on this mission will have...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, What -- Earth, Where -- Kennedy...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2580
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an illustration of the Space Base concept. In-house work of the Marshall Space Flight Center, as well as a Phase B contract with the McDornel Douglas Astronautics Company, resulted in a preliminary design for a space station in 1969 and l970. The Marshall-McDonnel Douglas approach envisioned the use of two common modules as the core configuration of a 12-man space station. Each common module was 33 feet in diameter and 40 feet in length and provided the building blocks, not only for the...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Douglas
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1536
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Carrying a crew of seven, the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia soared through some pre-dawn clouds into the sky as it began its 27th flight, STS-109. Launched March 1, 2002, the goal of the mission was the maintenance and upgrade of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The Marshall Space Flight Center had the responsibility for the design, development, and construction of the HST, which is the most complex and sensitive optical telescope ever made, to study the cosmos from a low-Earth orbit. The HST...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Dawn, What -- STS-109, What -- Hubble...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2372
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The International Space Station (ISS) Payload Operations Center (POC) at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama, is the world's primary science command post for the International Space Station (ISS), the most ambitious space research facility in human history. The Payload Operations team is responsible for managing all science research experiments aboard the Station. The center is also home for coordination of the mission-plarning work of variety of international...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1589
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Mission specialist Janice Voss (center, foreground) trains with payload specialists Paul Rorney (right, background) and Roger Crouch (right, foreground) for the Materials Sciences Lab-1 (MSL-1) mission flown in 1997. They are aboard the NASA KC-135 low-g training aircraft.
Topics: Who -- Janice Voss, Who -- Roger Crouch, What -- MSL 1
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2041
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Cells cultured on Earth (left) typically settle quickly on the bottom of culture vessels due to gravity. In microgravity (right), cells remain suspended and aggregate to form three-dimensional tissue. The NASA Bioreactor provides a low turbulence culture environment which promotes the formation of large, three-dimensional cell clusters. The Bioreactor is rotated to provide gentle mixing of fresh and spent nutrient without inducing shear forces that would damage the cells. Due to their high...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2051
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Leland W. K. Chung (left), Director, Molecular Urology Therapeutics Program at the Winship Cancer Institute at Emory University, is principal investigator for the NASA bioreactor demonstration system (BDS-05). With him is Dr. Jun Shu, an assistant professor of Orthopedics Surgery from Kuming Medical University China. The NASA Bioreactor provides a low turbulence culture environment which promotes the formation of large, three-dimensional cell clusters. Due to their high level of cellular...
Topics: What -- Cancer, Where -- China, Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2614
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An artist's rendering of air-breathing, hypersonic X-43C, part of NASA's Hyper-X series of flight demonstrator. Now in development, the X-43C is expected to accelerate to a maximum potential speed of about 5,000 mph, and could undergo flight testing as early as the year 2008. Revolutionizing the way we gain access to space is NASA's primary goal for the Hypersonic Investment Area, managed for NASA by the Advanced Space Transportation Program at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville,...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2468
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Filled with anticipation, students from two local universities, the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), and Alabama Agricultural Mechanical University (AM), counted down to launch the rockets they designed and built at the Army test site on Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. The projected two-mile high launch culminated more than a year's work and demonstrated the student team's ability to meet the challenge set by the Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) Student Launch Initiative...
Topics: Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2323
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Fiber-Supported Droplet Combustion (FSDC) experiment team got more than twice as many burns have been completed as were originally scheduled for STS-95. This image was taken July 12, 1997, MET:10/08:13 (approximate). As shown here, scientists were able to burn two droplets side by side, more closely mimicking behavior of burning fuel in an engine. This shows ignition of a single drop that subsequently burned while a fan blew through the chamber, giving the scientists data on burning with...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- MSL 1, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2655
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Ground shaking triggered liquefaction in a subsurface layer of water-saturated sand, producing differential lateral and vertical movement in a overlying carapace of unliquified sand and slit, which moved from right to left towards the Pajaro River. This mode of ground failure, termed lateral spreading, is a principal cause of liquefaction-related earthquake damage caused by the Oct. 17, 1989, Loma Prieta earthquake. Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause friction as they roll and slide...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- STS-107, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=756
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) is responsible for designing and building the life support systems that will provide the crew of the International Space Station (ISS) a comfortable environment in which to live and work. Scientists and engineers at the MSFC are working together to provide the ISS with systems that are safe, efficient and cost-effective. These compact and powerful systems are collectively called the Environmental Control and Life Support Systems, or simply, ECLSS. This is...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1610
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) is responsible for designing and building the life support systems that will provide the crew of the International Space Station (ISS) a comfortable environment in which to live and work. Scientists and engineers at the MSFC are working together to provide the ISS with systems that are safe, efficient, and cost-effective. These compact and powerful systems are collectively called the Environmental Control and Life Support Systems, or simply, ECLSS. This...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1595
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Metal droplet levitated inside the Electrostatic Levitator (ESL). The ESL uses static electricity to suspend an object (about 2-3 mm in diameter) inside a vacuum chamber while a laser heats the sample until it melts. This lets scientists record a wide range of physical properties without the sample contacting the container or any instruments, conditions that would alter the readings. The Electrostatic Levitator is one of several tools used in NASA's microgravity materials science program.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=782
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Gaseous Nitrogen Dewar apparatus developed by Dr. Alex McPherson of the University of California, Irvine for use aboard Mir and the International Space Station allows large quantities of protein samples to be crystallized in orbit. The specimens are contained either in plastic tubing (heat-sealed at each end). Biological samples are prepared with a precipitating agent in either a batch or liquid-liquid diffusion configuration. The samples are then flash-frozen in liquid nitrogen before...
Topics: What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2013
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The structure of the Satellite Tobacco Mosaic Virus (STMV)--one of the smallest viruses known--has been successfully deduced using STMV crystals grown aboard the Space Shuttle in 1992 and 1994. The STMV crystals were up to 30 times the volume of any seen in the laboratory. At the same time they gave the best resolution data ever obtained on any virus crystal. STMV is a small icosahedral plant virus, consisting of a protein shell made up of 60 identical protein subunits of molecular weight...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=806
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and the Johnson Space Center (JSC) were each awarded 16-month contracts in April 1976 for the Space Station Systems Analysis Study (SSSAS). Grumman Aerospace Corporation was MSFC's contractor and McDornell Douglas Aerospace Company was JSC's contractor. The goal of this study was to formulate plans for a permanent operational base and laboratory facility in Earth orbit in addition to developing a space construction base design for implementing the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1539
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept depicts the third observatory, the High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)-3 in orbit. Designed and developed by TRW, Inc. under the direction of the Marshall Space Flight Center, the HEAO-3's mission was to survey and map the celestial sphere for gamma-ray flux and make detailed measurements of cosmic-ray particles. It carried three scientific experiments: a gamma-ray spectrometer, a cosmic-ray isotope experiment, and a heavy cosmic-ray nuclei experiment. The HEAO-3 was...
Topics: What -- HEAO 3, What -- Spectrometer, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1387
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Space Flight Center employees visited DuPont Manual High School in Louisville, Kentucky. NASA's Mini Drop Tower was used to demonstrate free fall and a presentation was given on microgravity and the science performed in a microgravity environment. The visit coincided with the Pan-Pacific Basin Workshop on Microgravity Sciences held in Pasadena, California. Students experiment with the mini-drop tower. This image is from a digital still camera; higher resolution is not available.
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Kentucky, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2083
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Study of the downlink data from the Laminar Soot Processes (LSP) experiment quickly resulted in discovery of a new mechanism of flame extinction caused by radiation of soot. Scientists found that the flames emit soot sooner than expected. These findings have direct impact on spacecraft fire safety, as well as the theories predicting the formation of soot -- which is a major factor as a pollutant and in the spread of unwanted fires. This sequence, using propane fuel, was taken STS-94, July 4...
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- STS-107, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Michigan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2664
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Study of the downlink data from the Laminar Soot Processes (LSP) experiment quickly resulted in discovery of a new mechanism of flame extinction caused by radiation of soot. Scientists found that the flames emit soot sooner than expected. These findings have direct impact on spacecraft fire safety, as well as the theories predicting the formation of soot -- which is a major factor as a pollutant and in the spread of unwanted fires. This sequence was taken July 15, 1997, MET:14/10:34...
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- STS-107, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Michigan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2662
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Members of the Water Mist experiment team float in the NASA KC-135 low-g aircraft during preflight tests of the experiment. At center is J. Thomas McKirnon (principal investigator); at right is Angel Abbud-Madrid (co-PI and project scientist). They are with the Center for Commercial Applications of Combustion in Space at the Colorado School of Mines. Water Mist will investigate how best to extinguish flames by using ultrafine droplets of water.
Topics: Where -- Madrid, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2616
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Mr. Hubert Humphrey and Dr. von Braun during Mr. Humphrey's visit of the Marshall Space Flight Center May 22, 1967. Humphrey, chairman of the National Aeronautics and Space Council, toured the Center facilities where he examined several mockups related to the Apollo Applications Program.
Topics: Who -- Hubert H. Humphrey, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1766
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows the intense smoke and fire created by the five F-1 engines from a test firing of the Saturn V first stage (S-1C) in the S-1C test stand at the Marshall Space Flight Center. The towering 363-foot Saturn V was a multi-stage, multi-engine launch vehicle standing taller than the Statue of Liberty. Altogether, the Saturn V engines produced as much power as 85 Hoover Dams.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=305
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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W. Brain Dunlap (left), high school student from Youngstown, Ohio, is pictured here with Harry Coons of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) during a visit to the center. Dunlap was among 25 winners of a contest in which some 3,500 high school students proposed experiments for the following year?s Skylab mission. The nationwide scientific competition was sponsored by the National Science Teachers Association and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The winning students,...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Ohio, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3287
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this Spacelab-1 mission onboard photograph, astronaut Byron Lichtenberg performs a drop experiment, one of the Vestibular Experiments in Space investigations. The experiment examined spinal reflexes to determine whether they changed in microgravity. In Earth's environment, the otoliths signal the muscles to prepare for jolts associated with falling. During the flight, the normal reflex between the otoliths and the muscles was partially inhibited early in flight, declined further as the...
Topics: Who -- Byron Lichtenberg, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, Where -- Marshall Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2286
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Waterblast Research Cell supports development of automated systems that remove thermal protection materials and coatings from space flight hardware. These systems remove expended coatings without harsh chemicals or damaging underlying material. Potential applications of this technology include the removal of coatings from industrial machinery, aircraft, and other large structures. Use of the robot improves worker safety by reducing the exposure of persornel to high-pressure water. This...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=613
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows Skylab's Particle Collection device, a scientific experiment designed to study micro-meteoroid particles in near-Earth space and determine their abundance, mass distribution, composition, and erosive effects. The Marshall Space Flight Center had program management responsibility for the development of Skylab hardware and experiments.
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1609
The science laboratory, Spacelab-J (SL-J), flown aboard the STS-47 flight was a joint venture between NASA and the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) utilizing a manned Spacelab module. The mission conducted 24 materials science and 20 life science experiments, of which 35 were sponsored by NASDA, 7 by NASA, and two collaborative efforts. Materials science investigations covered such fields as biotechnology, electronic materials, fluid dynamics and transport phenomena, glasses...
Topics: What -- STS-47, Where -- Japan, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3337
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Navaho in flight, 1957. Navaho is a surface-to-surface missile developed by North American Aviation under the U.S. Air Force Navaho Program. The Navaho engine was an improvement of the V-2 engine. Though program began in March 1946 and was cancelled in July 1957, the research to develop the Navaho engine contributed to the development of the Redstone, Jupiter, Thor, and ATLAS engines.
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Atlas
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=865
NASA Images
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These Cutaways demonstrate the internal geometry of the USML-1 samples. The principal investigators on this flight were: Larson, Lehoczky, Matthiesen, Wiedemeier.
Topic: What -- USML 1
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=7
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Malic Enzyme is a target protein for drug design because it is a key protein in the life cycle of intestinal parasites. After 2 years of effort on Earth, investigators were unable to produce any crystals that were of high enough quality and for this reason the structure of this important protein could not be determined. Crystals obtained from one STS-50 were of superior quality allowing the structure to be determined. This is just one example why access to space is so vital for these studies....
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- STS-5
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=118
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of an X-33 Advanced Technology Demonstrator, a subscale protoptye launch vehicle being developed by NASA Lockheed Martin Skunk Works. (Vehicle configuration current as of 10/97) The X-33 is a subscale prototype of a Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) Lockheed Martin has labeled "Venture Star TM." The X-33 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2253
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Director, Dr. Wernher von Braun (left) confers with the Director of the MSFC Launch Operation Directorate, Dr. Debus, during the countdown for the Saturn/Pegasus (Saturn I, SA-9) launch. The successful launch of the Pegasus satellite marked the largest unmarned instrumented satellite in orbit up to 1965.
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Pegasus, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=941
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image illustrates the solid rocket motor (SRM)/solid rocket booster (SRB) configuration. The Shuttle's two SRB's are the largest solids ever built and the first designed for refurbishment and reuse. Standing nearly 150-feet high, the twin boosters provide the majority of thrust for the first two minutes of flight, about 5.8 million pounds, augmenting the Shuttle's main propulsion system during liftoff. The major design drivers for the SRM's were high thrust and reuse. The desired thrust...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1906
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This series of images, captured during the mission, shows the growth of a dendrite in the IDGE. Flown on STS-84 USMP-4.
Topic: What -- STS-84
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=225
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The NASA developed Ares rockets, named for the Greek god associated with Mars, will return humans to the moon and later take them to Mars and other destinations. In this early illustration, the Ares I is illustrated during lift off. Ares I is an inline, two-stage rocket configuration topped by the Orion crew vehicle and its launch abort system. With a primary mission of carrying four to six member crews to Earth orbit, Ares I may also use its 25-ton payload capacity to deliver resources and...
Topics: What -- Ares Launch Vehicles, What -- Mars, What -- Moon, What -- Orion, What -- Earth, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3940
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) was designed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to test the performance of spacecraft materials, components, and systems that have been exposed to the environment of micrometeoroids and space debris for an extended period of time. The LDEF proved invaluable to the development of future spacecraft and the International Space Station (ISS). The LDEF carried 57 science and technology experiments, the work of more than 200 investigators. MSFC`s...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2384
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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(PCG) Protein Crystal Growth Human Serum Albumin. Contributes to many transport and regulatory processes and has multifunctional binding properties which range from various metals, to fatty acids, hormones, and a wide spectrum of therapeutic drugs. The most abundant protein of the circulatory system. It binds and transports an incredible variety of biological and pharmaceutical ligands throughout the blood stream. Principal Investigator on STS-26 was Larry DeLucas.
Topic: What -- STS-26
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=24