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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Onboard Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-42) Astronaut Norman E. Thagard, payload commander, and Canadian payload specialist Roberta L. Bondar are busily engaged with experiments in the International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-1) science module. Bondar reads a checklist near the Biorack while Thagard performs a VCR tape change-out. The two, along with four other NASA astronauts and a second IML-1 payload specialist spent more than eight days conducting experiments in Earth orbit. Part of the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- STS-4, What -- IML 1, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=534
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The first United States Microgravity Laboratory (USML-1) was one of NASA's science and technology programs that provided scientists an opportunity to research various scientific investigations in a weightless environment inside the Spacelab module. It also provided demonstrations of new equipment to help prepare for advanced microgravity research and processing aboard the Space Station. The USML-1 flew in orbit for extended periods, providing greater opportunities for research in materials...
Topics: What -- USML 1, What -- Opportunity, What -- Columbia, What -- Earth, What -- STS-5, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2315
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An artist's concept of a fully deployed International Space Station (ISS) Alpha. The ISS-A is a multidisciplinary laboratory, technology test bed, and observatory that will provide an unprecedented undertaking in scientific, technological, and international experiments.
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1621
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Space Shuttle Endeavour (STS-47) onboard photo of crew members working in the Spacelab-J module.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- STS-47
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=520
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Artist's concept of the final configuration of the International Space Station (ISS) Alpha. The ISS is a multidisciplinary laboratory, technology test bed, and observatory that will provide an unprecedented undertaking in scientific, technological, and international experimentation.
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=735
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A unique view of the Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-73) moments after bursting into Earth's atmosphere on its way toward space. Onboard the orbiter is the United States Microgravity Laboratory 2 (USML-2), a Marshall managed payload, where Columbia's seven member crew will perform experiments while in orbit.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-73, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=549
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An artist's concept of what the International Space Station (ISS)Alpha will look like in its completed and fully operational state. All the elements of the Station are shown - the United States, European, Japanese, and Russian. The artist also included the Space Shuttle in the docked position. Sixteen countries are cooperating to provide a multidisciplinary laboratory, technology test bed, and observatory that will provide an unprecedented undertaking in scientific, technological, and...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- United States of...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=740
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Launched on June 20, 1996, the STS-78 mission?s primary payload was the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS), which was managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). During the 17 day space flight, the crew conducted a diverse slate of experiments divided into a mix of life science and microgravity investigations. In a manner very similar to future International Space Station operations, LMS researchers from the United States and their European counterparts shared resources such as crew...
Topics: What -- STS-78, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Columbia, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3636
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist?s concept is of the X-33 Advanced Technology Demonstrator, a subscale prototype Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV), in its 1997 configuration. Named the Venture Star, this vehicle manufactured by Lockheed Martin Skunk Works, is shown in orbit with a deployed payload. The Venture Star was one of the earliest versions of the RLV?s developed in attempt to replace the aging shuttle fleet. The X-33 program has been discontinued.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3273
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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After the Overnight Scentsation rose plant's return to Earth, IFF scientists found a significant change in some of the chemical components occured while in microgravity.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=182
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Hinode (Sunrise), formerly known as Solar-B before reaching orbit, was launched from the Uchinoura Space Center in Japan on September 23, 2006. Hinode was designed to probe into the Sun?s magnetic field to better understand the origin of solar disturbances which interfere with satellite communications, electrical power transmission grids, and the safety of astronauts traveling beyond the Earth?s magnetic field. Hinode is circling Earth in a polar orbit that places the instruments in continuous...
Topics: What -- Hinode, What -- Solar Optical Telescope, What -- Earth, What -- Polar, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3912
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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As the construction continued on the International Space Station (ISS), STS-118 astronaut and mission specialist, Dave Williams, representing the Canadian Space Agency, was anchored on the foot restraint of the Canadarm2 as he participated in the second session of Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA) for the mission. Assisting Williams was Rick Mastracchio (out of frame). During the 6 hour, 28 minute space walk, the two removed a faulty control moment gyroscope (CMG-3) and installed a new CMG into...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-118, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4166
President Dwight D. Eisenhower dedicates the Marshall Center in 1960 with Mrs. George C. Marshall. Image credit: NASA/MSFC
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/468552main_9131490_rs_full.jpg
NASA Images
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More than 4,000 Army employees participated in the ceremony transferring them to the new Marshall Center on July 1, 1960. The ceremony took place across the street from what is now the Payload Operations Center. Image credit: NASA/MSFC
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/468774main_transfer_rs_full.jpg
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The launch of the SA-5 on January 29, 1964 was the fifth Saturn I launch vehicle. The SA-5 marked a number of firsts in the Marshall Space Flight Center-managed Saturn development program, including the first flight of Saturn I Block II vehicle with eight aerodynamic fins at the bottom of the S-I stage (first stage) for enhanced stability in flight. This also was the first flight of a live S-IV (second or upper) stage with the cluster of six liquid hydrogen-fueled RL-10 engines. the first...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1527
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Saturn Project was approved on January 18, 1960 as a program of the highest national priority. The formal test program to prove out the clustered-booster concept was well underway at Redstone Arsenal. This photograph depicts a mockup of the Saturn booster (S-I stage) being placed on a transporter and later being installed in the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) test stand, on January 19, 1960, to check mating of the booster and stand and servicing methods.
Topic: What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1006
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Installation of the Mercury capsule on Redstone booster at the Redstone Test Stand. Assembled at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the Mercury-Redstone launch vehicle was designed to place a marned space capsule into orbital flight around the Earth and recover both safely.
Topics: What -- Mercury, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=980
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The recovery operation of the Faith 7 spacecraft after the completion of the 1-1/2 day orbital flight (MA-9 mission) with Astronaut Gordon Cooper. Navy frogmen attach the flotation collar to the spacecraft. The MA-9 mission was the last flight of the Mercury Project and launched on May 15, 1963 boosted by The Mercury-Atlas launch vehicle.
Topics: Who -- Gordon Cooper, What -- Mercury, What -- Atlas
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=987
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A completed Saturn I launch vehicle in the Fabrication and Assembly Engineering Division at the Marshall Space Flight Center. The Saturn I launch vehicle is composed of an S-I first stage or booster (rear), powered by eight H-1 engines having a thrust of 1,500,000 pounds, followed by a dummy S-IV second stage with six RL-10 engine, with a total thrust of 90,000 pounds.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1013
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photograph, the Pegasus, meteoroid detection satellite is installed in its specially modified Apollo service module atop the S-IV stage (second stage) of a Saturn I vehicle for the SA-9 mission at Cape Kennedy. Personnel in the service structure moved the boilerplate Apollo command module into place to cap the vehicle. The command and service modules, visible here, were jettisoned into orbit to free the Pegasus for wing deployment. The satellite was used to obtain data on frequency and...
Topics: What -- Pegasus, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1510
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) workers hoist a dynamic test version of the S-IVB stage, the Saturn IB launch vehicle's second stage, into the Center's Dynamic Test Stand on January 18, 1965. MSFC Test Laboratory persornel assembled a complete Saturn IB to test the launch vehicle's structural soundness. Developed by the MSFC as an interim vehicle in MSFC's "building block" approach to the Saturn rocket development, the Saturn IB utilized Saturn I technology to further develop and...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1030
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is a J-2 engine being processed at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). A single J-2 engine was utilized on the S-IVB stage, the second stage of the Saturn IB and the third stage of the Saturn V vehicles, while a cluster of five J-2 engines powered the second (S-II) stage of the Saturn V launch vehicle. The Saturn V was designed, developed, and tested by engineers at MSFC.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1085
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun encouraged his laboratory directors and other managers at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to adopt a "hands-on" approach to managing the technical challenges they confronted in developing the Saturn rockets for the Marned Lunar Landing Program. He is shown here asking a question about welding in an MSFC manufacturing and engineering laboratory. This photograph was made on or about October 17, 1967.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1918
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Workers at the Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF) near New Orleans, Louisiana, install the H-1 engines into the Saturn I, S-IB (first) stage. Developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center and built by the Chrysler Corporation at MAF, the 90,000-pound booster utilized eight H-1 engines. Each produced 200,000 pounds of thrust, a combined thrust of 1,600,000 pounds.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where -- Louisiana, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1060
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Director, Dr. von Braun, is shown leaving the suiting-up van wearing a pressure suit prepared for a tryout in the MSFC Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS). Weighted to a neutrally buoyant condition, Dr. von Braun was able to perform tasks underwater which simulated weightless conditions found in space.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3246
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows the Saturn V S-II (second) stage being hoisted at the S-II-A2 test stand at the Mississippi Test Facility (MTF). When the Saturn V booster stage (S-IC) burns out and drops away, power for the Saturn will be provided by the 82-foot-long and 33-foot-diameter S-II stage. Developed by the Space Division of North American Aviation under the direction of the Marshall Space Flight Center, the stage utilized five J-2 engines, each producing 200,000 pounds of thrust. The engines...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Mississippi, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1175
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The tour of the Saturn I Workshop Mockup in Bldg. 4755, MSFC. (L to R) C. J. Donlan, Deputy Associate Administrator for MSFC, Technical; Dr. T. O. Paine, Deputy NASA Administrator; Col. C. F. Farley, EO of Adm; Dr. von Braun, Director MSFC; and H. Luskin, Deputy Associate Administrator, Technical.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1726
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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During a visit to the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the Congressional House Committee on Science and Astronautics toured the S-IVB workshop. Pictured here are MSFC?s Dr. Wernher von Braun (standing) and Congressman Miller, Democratic representative of California (sitting on the ergometer bicycle) inside the workshop.
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3259
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows a completed S-IC flight stage being transferred from the vehicle assembly building to the stage test building at the Michoud Assembly Facility.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1166
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo Telescope Mount (ATM), designed and developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center, served as the primary scientific instrument unit aboard the Skylab. The ATM contained eight complex astronomical instruments designed to observe the Sun over a wide spectrum from visible light to x-rays. This image shows the ATM spar assembly. All solar telescopes, the fine Sun sensors, and some auxiliary systems are mounted on the spar, a cruciform lightweight perforated metal mounting panel that...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Sun, What -- Visible Light, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1262
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Richard Milhous Nixon, What -- Apollo 11,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4023
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1970 photograph shows the flight unit for Skylab's White Light Coronagraph, an Apollo Telescope Mount (ATM) facility that photographed the solar corona in the visible light spectrum. A TV camera in the instrument provided real-time pictures of the occulted Sun to the astronauts at the control console and also transmitted the images to the ground. The Marshall Space Flight Center had program management responsibility for the development of Skylab hardware and experiments.
Topics: What -- Visible Light, What -- TV Camera, What -- Sun, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1344
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In one of the initial assembly steps for the Saturn IB launch vehicle's S-IB (first) stage, workers at the Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF) near New Orleans, Louisiana, complete the lower shroud assembly. Developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center and built by the Chrysler Corporation at Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), the S-IB utilized the eight H-1 engines and each produced 200,000 pounds of thrust, a combined thrust of 1,600,000 pounds.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where -- Louisiana, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1053
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1970 photograph shows the Skylab's Ultraviolet (UV) Spectrograph, an Apollo Telescope Mount instrument. Its telescope, with camera and TV capability, photographed the Sun in selected ultraviolet wavelengths. The spectrograph was used to record the spectrum of UV emissions, such as flares or filaments, from a small individual feature on the solar disc. Real-time TV was used by the crew to monitor the performance of the telescope, transmit to the ground, and record. The exposed films were...
Topics: What -- Sun, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1342
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Apollo 8 astronauts and commanding officer of the recovery ship U.S.S. Yorktown walk the red carpet of the flight deck after splashdown recovery in the Pacific Ocean. Apollo 8 served as the first manned lunar orbit mission and the first manned flight of the Saturn V space vehicle, developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Liftoff occurred on December 21, 1968, carrying astronauts Frank Borman, commander; William Anders, Lunar Module (LM) Pilot; and James Lovell, Command Module (CM)...
Topics: Who -- Frank Borman, Who -- William Anders, What -- Apollo 8, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4134
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a photograph of a technician checking on a solar array wing for the Orbital Workshop as it is deployed. A solar array, consisting of two wings covered on one side with solar cells, was mounted outside the workshop to generate electrical power to augment the power generated by another solar array mounted on the solar observatory.
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1267
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This in an aerial view (looking east) of a Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV), often referred to as ?Moonbuggy?, simulator area built at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) where testing was performed. The LRV was developed under the direction of MSFC to provide astronauts with greater mobility on the lunar surface. Visible in the background is the 18-acre facility known as the Random Motion/ Lift-Off Simulator or ?Arm Farm? which was developed to test the Saturn swingarm mechanisms that were used...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3331
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Eberhard Rees surrounded by other rocket scientist in the blockhouse, a safe viewing area for rocket tests or launches, during a missile launch. Dr. Rees, Marshall's second Center Director (1970-1973), kept most of Von Braun's plans alive but also succeeded in bringing the Saturn program to forebearance.
Topic: What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=428
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph of an astronaut getting the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) ready for exploration of the lunar surface was taken during activities of the Apollo 15 mission. Designed and developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center and built by the Boeing Company, the LRV was first used on the Apollo 15 mission and increased the range of astronauts' mobility and productivity on the lunar surface.
Topics: What -- Apollo 15, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1211
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This wide-angle view depicts the Orbital Workshop (OWS) wardroom/galley located in the lower level of the OWS. The galley in the wardroom provided the daily supply of food; galley-located equipment was used for preparation and disposal of food. The Skylab astronauts used the wardroom as kitchen and dining room. The hexagonal food table, shown in the middle of this image, allowed three crewmen to simultaneously heat their food and eat their meals in an efficient and comfortable marner. Chairs...
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1297
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Rockford, Illinois high school student, Vincent Converse (right), is greeted by astronauts Russell L. Schweickart and Owen K. Garriott during a tour of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Converse was among 25 winners of a contest in which some 3,500 high school students proposed experiments for the following year?s Skylab mission. His experiment, ?Zero Gravity Mass Measurement? used a simple leaf spring with the mass to be weighed attached to the end. An electronic package oscillated the...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Illinois, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3293
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1970 photograph shows Skylab's Microwave Radiometer/Scatterometer and Altimeter, one of the major components for an Earth Resources Experiment Package (EREP). It was designed to study varying ocean surface, soil erosion, sea and lake ice, snow cover, seasonal vegetational changes, flooding, rainfall and soil types. The overall purpose of the EREP was to test the use of sensors that operated in the visible, infrared, and microwave portions of the electromagnetic spectrum to monitor and...
Topics: What -- Altimeter, What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1358
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo Telescope Mount (ATM) was designed and developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center and served as the primary scientific instrument unit aboard Skylab (1973-1979). This photograph shows the spar unit, which housed major solar instruments, being lowered into the rack, the outer octagonal complex frame of the ATM flight unit.
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1285
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On July 3, 1974 NASA commemorated the 5th anniversary of the Apollo 11, first lunar landing mission, at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). Launch Pad 39, from which astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin, and Michael Collins first embarked on their historic journey to the Moon, was dedicated as a national landmark. Apollo 11 was launched at 9:32 am on July 16, 1969 and made the first successful lunar landing July 20th. During the 45 minute ceremony, the three Apollo 11 astronauts unveiled this...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Moon, What -- Saturn,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4055
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Youngstown, Ohio high school student, W. Brian Dunlap (center), discusses with Dr. Robert Head (right), and Henry Floyd, both of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), his experiment to be performed aboard the Skylab the following year. His experiment, ?Wave Motion Trough A Liquid in Zero Gravity? used a container attached to the end of a leaf spring which was oscillated at specific rates using two thickness differentiated types of liquids. Dunlap was among 25 winners of a contest in which...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Ohio, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3322
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Terry C. Quist (center), high school student from San Antonio, Texas, discusses his proposed Skylab experiment with Marshall Space Flight Center?s (MSFC) Henry Floyd (left), coordinator of the Skylab Student Experiment Project, and DR. Raymond Gause, scientific advisor to Quist. The student?s experiment, ?Earth Orbital Neutron Analysis?, was aimed at learning more about the source of neutrons in the solar system by seeking the number and direction from which each comes. Quist was among the 25...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Earth, Where -- Texas, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3285
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image is an observation of Quasar 3C 273 by the High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)-2/Einstein Observatory. It reveals the presence of a new source (upper left) with a red shift that indicates that it is about 10 billion light years away. Quasars are mysterious, bright, star-like objects apparently located at the very edge of the visible universe. Although no bigger than our solar system, they radiate as much visible light as a thousand galaxies. Quasars also emit radio signals and...
Topics: What -- HEAO 2, What -- Visible Light, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1554
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This drawing is a schematic of the High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)-1. The first observatory, designated HEAO-1, was launched on August 12, 1977 aboard an Atlas/Centaur launch vehicle and was designed to survey the sky for additional x-ray and gamma-ray sources as well as pinpointing their positions. The HEAO-1 was originally identified as HEAO-A but the designation was changed once the spacecraft achieved orbit. The HEAO project involved the launching of three unmarned scientific...
Topics: What -- HEAO 1, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1551
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A Space Shuttle engine is shown being test fired at the Sternis, MS facility. MSFC was the managing facility for the Space Shuttle program.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=425
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows the High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)-3 being prepared for encapsulation. Designed and developed by TRW, Inc. under the direction of the Marshall Space Flight Center, the objectives of the HEAO-3 were to survey and map the celestial sphere for gamma-ray flux and make detailed measurements of cosmic-ray particles. It carried three scientific experiments: a gamma-ray spectrometer, a cosmic-ray isotope experiment, and a heavy cosmic-ray nuclei experiment. The HEAO-3...
Topics: What -- HEAO 3, What -- Spectrometer, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1565
NASA Images
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The Space Shuttle was designed to carry large payloads into Earth orbit. One of the most important payloads is Spacelab. The Spacelab serves as a small but well-equipped laboratory in space to perform experiments in zero-gravity and make astronomical observations above the Earth's obscuring atmosphere. In this photograph, Payload Specialist, Ulf Merbold, is working at Gradient Heating Facility on the Materials Science Double Rack (MSDR) inside the science module in the Orbiter Columbia's...
Topics: Who -- Ulf Merbold, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1828
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronauts are clowning around in space in this STS-51A onboard photo. Astronaut Gardner, holds a ?For Sale? sign after the retrieval of two malfunctioning satellites; the Western Union Telegraph Communication Satellite (WESTAR VI); and the PALAPA-B2 Satellite. Astronaut Allen, who is standing on the Remote Manipulator System (RMS) is reflected in Gardner?s helmet visor. The 51A mission launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on November 8, 1984.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-51A, What -- Discovery
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3351
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A Space Shuttle mission STS-9 onboard view show's Spacelab-1 (SL-1) module in orbiter Columbia's payload bay. Spacelab-1 was a cooperative venture of NASA and the European Space Agency. Scientists from eleven European nations plus Canada, Japan and the U.S. provided instruments and experimental procedures for over 70 different investigations in five research areas of disciplines: astronomy and solar physics, space plasma physics, atmospheric physics and Earth observations, life sciences and...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Canada, Where -- Japan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=492
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The crew assigned to the STS-61A mission included (front row left to right) Reinhard Furrer, German payload specialist; Bonnie J. Dunbar, mission specialist; and Henry W. Hartsfield, Jr. commander. On the back row, left to right, are Steven R. Nagel, pilot; Guion S. Bluford, mission specialist; Ernst Messerscmid, German payload specialist; and Wubbo J. Ockels, Dutch payload specialist. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger on October 30, 1985 at 12:00:00 noon (EST), the STS-61A mission?s...
Topics: Who -- Reinhard Furrer, Who -- Bonnie J. Dunbar, Who -- Steven R. Nagel, What -- STS-61, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3549
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Redstone Test Stand, shown here, was used throughout the 1950s to test the Redstone missionile, including the modified Redstone that launched America's first astronaut, Alan Shepard. The U. S. Department of the Interior's Park Services designated the Test Stand as a National Historic Landmark January 22, 1986.
Topics: Who -- Alan B. Shepard, Jr., Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=285
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engineers test-fire Development Motor-8 at Thiokol's Utah facility, the first time all the changes in the Redesigned Solid Rocket Motor had been test-fired together. The redesign of the Shuttle's Solid Rocket Motor resulted from the January 28, 1986 Challenger accident. The Marshall Space Flight Center had management responsibility of Space Shuttle propulsion elements, including the Solid Rocket Booster.
Topics: What -- Challenger, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Utah, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=298
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall scientist practices working on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) in the Neutral Buoyancy Simulator.
Topic: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=409
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1989 artist's rendering shows how a Shuttle-C would look during launch. As envisioned by Marshall Space Flight Center plarners, the Shuttle-C would be an unmanned heavy-lift cargo vehicle derived from Space Shuttle elements. The vehicle would utilize the basic Shuttle propulsion units (Solid Rocket Boosters, Space Shuttle Main Engine, External Tank), but would replace the Orbiter with an unmanned Shuttle-C Cargo Element (SCE). The SCE would have a payload bay lenght of eighty-two feet,...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- SCE, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=967
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Orbital Documentation of Porcine Elastase grown in (PCG) Protein Crystal Growth (RIM) Refrigerator Incubator Module
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=19
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Ready for transportation to the Kennedy Space Center, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is pictured onboard the strongback dolly at the Vertical Processing Facility (VPF) at the Lockheed assembly plant upon completion of final testing and verification.
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1612
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Five astronauts launched aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia on January 9, 1990 at 7:35:00am (EST) for the STS-32 mission. Pictured in their crew portrait, front left to right, are David C. Brandenstein, commander; and James D. Weatherbee, pilot. Pictured rear left to right are mission specialists Marsha S. Ivins, G. David Low, and Bonnie J. Dunbar. Primary objectives of the mission were the deployment of the SYNCOM IV-F5 defense communications satellite and the retrieval of NASA?s Long Duration...
Topics: Who -- Bonnie J. Dunbar, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-32
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3440
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-34 crew portrait includes 5 astronauts. Pictured left to right are Shannon W. Lucid, mission specialist; Donald E. Williams, commander; Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, mission specialist; Michael J. McCulley, pilot; and Ellen S. Baker, mission secialist. The crew of 5 launched aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis on October 18, 1989 at 12:53:40pm (EDT). The primary payload was the Galileo Jupiter Spacecraft and attached inertial upper stage (IUS). Deployed 6 hours and 30 minutes into the...
Topics: What -- STS-34, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- Galileo, What -- Jupiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3449
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) pictured in the Vertical Processing Facility (VPF) support fixture during final testing and verification at the Lockheed assembly plant.
Topic: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1613
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 5 member crew of the STS-41 mission included (left to right): Bruce E. Melnick, mission specialist 2; Robert D. Cabana, pilot; Thomas D. Akers, mission specialist 3; Richard N. Richards, commander; and William M. Shepherd, mission specialist 1. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on October 6, 1990 at 7:47:15 am (EDT), the primary payload for the mission was the ESA built Ulysses Space Craft made to explore the polar regions of the Sun. Other main payloads and experiments included...
Topics: Who -- Richard N. Richards, What -- STS-4, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3477
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Onboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia (STS-35), the various components of the Astro-1 payload are seen backdropped against dark space. Parts of the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope (HUT), Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT), and the Wisconsin Ultraviolet Photo-Polarimetry Experiment (WUPPE) are visible on the Spacelab pallet. The Broad-Band X-Ray Telescope (BBXRT) is behind the pallet and is not visible in this scene. The smaller cylinder in the foreground is the igloo. The igloo was a...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Astro 1, Where -- Wisconsin, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2279
NASA Images
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The primary objective of the STS-35 mission was round the clock observation of the celestial sphere in ultraviolet and X-Ray astronomy with the Astro-1 observatory which consisted of four telescopes: the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope (HUT); the Wisconsin Ultraviolet Photo-Polarimeter Experiment (WUPPE); the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT); and the Broad Band X-Ray Telescope (BBXRT). The Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at the...
Topics: What -- Astro 1, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Wisconsin, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3358
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall scientist practices assembling the solar panel array for the space station during the Collector Panel Assembly Test (COPAT) at Marshall's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=410
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The STS-39 crew portrait includes 7 astronauts. Pictured are Charles L. Veach, mission specialist 5; Michael L. Coats, commander; Gregory J. Harbaugh, mission specialist 2; Donald R. McMonagle, mission specialist 4; L. Blaine Hammond, pilot; Richard J. Hieb, mission specialist 3; and Guion S. Buford, Jr., mission specialist 1. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on April 28, 1991 at 7:33:14 am (EDT), STS-39 was a Department of Defense (DOD) mission. The primary unclassified payload...
Topics: Who -- Michael L. Coats, What -- STS-39, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3469
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A Titan booster launched the Gemini 8 spacecraft on March 16, 1966 from launch complex 19 Cape Kennedy, Florida. The flight crew for the 3 day mission, astronauts Neil A. Armstrong and David R. Scott, achieved the first rendezvous and docking to Atlas/Agena in Earth orbit.
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- David R. Scott, What -- Titan, What -- Gemini 8, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3373
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On March 16, 1966, an Atlas booster launched an Agena Target Vehicle for the Gemini 8 mission. The flight crew for the 3 day mission, astronauts Neil A. Armstrong and David R. Scott, achieved the first rendezvous and docking to Atlas/Agena in Earth orbit.
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- David R. Scott, What -- Atlas, What -- Agena, What -- Gemini 8,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3352
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-42, Viewing earth with lots of snow, partial view of IML-1 (International Microgravity Laboratory) in cargo bay.
Topics: What -- STS-4, What -- Earth, What -- IML 1
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=44
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In 1696, Robert Anderson, an Englishman, published a two-part treatise on how to make rocket molds, prepare propellants, and perform the calculations.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1872
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On the 500th arniversary of Christopher Columbus' discovery of the New World, replicas of his three ships sailed past the launch pad at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) while the space shuttle Columbia sat poised for lift off.
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, Where -- Columbus, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=473
The science laboratory, Spacelab-J (SL-J), flown aboard the STS-47 flight was a joint venture between NASA and the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) utilizing a manned Spacelab module. The mission conducted 24 materials science and 20 life science experiments, of which 35 were sponsored by NASDA, 7 by NASA, and two collaborative efforts. Materials science investigations covered such fields as biotechnology, electronic materials, fluid dynamics and transport phenomena, glasses...
Topics: What -- STS-47, Where -- Japan, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3378
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-52) thunders off Launch Pad 39B, embarking on a 10-day flight and carrying a crew of six who will deploy the Laser Geodynamic Satellite II (LAGEOS). LAGEOS is a spherical passive satellite covered with reflectors which are illuminated by ground-based lasers to determine precise measurements of the Earth's crustal movements. The other major payload on this mission is the United States Microgravity Payload 1 (USMP-1), where experiments will be conducted by crew...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-5, What -- LAGEOS, What -- Earth, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=573