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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video clip, Pettit demonstrates laminar flow in a rotating film of water. The demonstration is done by placing tracer particles in a water film held in place by a round wire loop, then stirring the system rotationally. The resulting flow clearly...
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Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- WIRE
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3880
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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eye 5,766

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The Apollo program demonstrated that men could travel into space, perform useful tasks there, and return safely to Earth. But space had to be more accessible. This led to the development of the Space Shuttle. The Shuttle's major components are the orbiter spacecraft; the three main engines, with a combined thrust of more than 1.2 million pounds; the huge external tank (ET) that feeds the liquid hydrogen fuel and liquid oxygen oxidizer to the three main engines; and the two solid rocket boosters...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1861
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The NASA developed Ares rockets, named for the Greek god associated with Mars, will return humans to the moon and later take them to Mars and other destinations. This is an illustration of the Ares V with call outs. The Ares V is a heavy lift launch vehicle that will use five RS-68 liquid oxygen/liquid hydrogen engines mounted below a larger version of the space shuttle external tank, and two five-segment solid propellant rocket boosters for the first stage. The upper stage will use the same...
Topics: What -- Ares Launch Vehicles, What -- Mars, What -- Moon, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3936
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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eye 2,797

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This 1967 illustration compares the Apollo Saturn V Spacecraft of the Moon Landing era to the Statue of Liberty located on Ellis Island in New York City. The Apollo Saturn V, at 363 feet towers above Lady Liberty, as the statue is called, standing at 305 feet.
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- New York City
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3986
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Named for the Greek god associated with Mars, the NASA developed Ares launch vehicles will return humans to the moon and later take them to Mars and other destinations. This is an illustration of the Ares I with call outs. Ares I is an inline, two-stage rocket configuration topped by the Orion crew vehicle and its launch abort system. In addition to the primary mission of carrying crews of four to six astronauts to Earth orbit, Ares I may also use its 25-ton payload capacity to deliver...
Topics: What -- Mars, What -- Ares Launch Vehicles, What -- Moon, What -- Orion, What -- Earth, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3935
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The crowning achievement for the Saturn V rocket came when it launched Apollo 11 astronauts, Neil Armstrong, Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin, and Michael Collins, to the Moon in July 1969. In this photograph, astronaut Aldrin takes his first step onto the surface of the Moon.
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Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Saturn, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1859
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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In this video, astronaut Peggy Whitson uses the Human Research Facility (HRF) Ultrasound Imaging System in the Destiny Laboratory of the International Space Station (ISS) to image her own heart. The Ultrasound Imaging System provides three-dimension image enlargement of the heart and other organs, muscles, and blood vessels. It is capable of high resolution imaging in a wide range of applications, both research and diagnostic, such as Echocardiography (ultrasound of the heart), abdominal,...
Topics: Who -- Peggy Whitson, What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3887
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Wernher von Braun, director of the NASA Marshall Space Flight center (MSFC), appears proud as he pauses in front of the mobile launcher and base of the Saturn V rocket (AS-506) being readied for the historic Apollo 11 lunar landing mission at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). The Saturn V vehicle was developed by MSFC under the direction of Dr. von Braun. The Apollo 11 mission launched from KSC in Florida via the MSFC developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, What -- Saturn, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4084
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Shown here is the International Space Station (ISS) S1 Truss in preparation for installation in the payload bay of the Space Shuttle Atlantis at NASA's Kennedy Space Center )KSC)in Florida. The truss launched October 7, 2002 on the STS-112 mission and will be attached during three spacewalks. Constructed primarily of aluminum, it measures 45 feet long, 15 feet wide, 10 feet tall, and weighs over 27,000 pounds. It is one of nine similar truss segments that, combined, will serve as the Station's...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2505
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The fuel tank assembly of the Saturn V S-IC (first) stage is readied to be mated to the liquid oxygen tank at the Marshall Space Flight Center. The fuel tank carried kerosene as its fuel. The S-IC stage utilized five F-1 engines that used kerosene and liquid oxygen as propellant. Each engine provided 1,500,000 pounds of thrust. This stage lifted the entire vehicle and Apollo spacecraft from the launch pad.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1140
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The same rocket fuel that helps power the Space Shuttle as it thunders into orbit will now be taking on a new role, with the potential to benefit millions of people worldwide. Leftover rocket fuel from NASA is being used to make a flare that destroys land mines where they were buried, without using explosives. The flare is safe to handle and easy to use. People working to deactivate the mines simply place the flare next to the uncovered land mine and ignite it from a safe distance using a...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Utah
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1904
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Goddard's 1926 rocket configuration. Dr. Goddard's liquid oxygen-gasoline rocket was fired on March 16, 1926, at Auburn, Massachusetts. It flew for only 2.5 seconds, climbed 41 feet, and landed 184 feet away in a cabbage patch. From 1930 to 1941, Dr. Goddard made substantial progress in the development of progressively larger rockets, which attained altitudes of 2400 meters, and refined his equipment for guidance and control, his techniques of welding, and his insulation, pumps, and other...
Topic: Where -- Massachusetts
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1824
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engineers at the Marshall Space Flight Center install the F-1 engines on the S-IC stage thrust structure at the S-IC static test stand. Engines are installed on the stage after it has been placed in the test stand. Five F-1 engines, each weighing 10 tons, gave the booster a total thrust of 7,500,000 pounds, roughly equivalent to 160 million horsepower.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1152
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut and mission specialist Kalpana Chawla, receives assistance in donning a training version of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) space suit, prior to an underwater training session in the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory (NBL) near Johnson Space Center. This particular training was in preparation for the STS-87 mission. The Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-87) was the fourth flight of the United States Microgravity Payload (USMP-4) and Spartan-201 satellite, both managed by scientists and...
Topics: Who -- Kalpana Chawla, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-87, What -- Columbia, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3855
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph is a view of the Saturn V S-IC-5 (first) flight stage being hoisted into the S-IC-B1 test stand at the Mississippi Test Facility (MTF), Bay St. Louis, Mississippi. Begirning operations in 1966, the MTF has two test stands, a dual-position structure for running the S-IC stage at full throttle, and two separate stands for the S-II (Saturn V third) stage. It became the focus of the static test firing program. The completed S-IC stage was shipped from Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF)...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Mississippi, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where -- Kennedy...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1159
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The fuel tank assembly of the Saturn V S-IC (first) stage supported with the aid of a C frame on the transporter was readied to be transported to the Marshall Space Flight Center, building 4705. The fuel tank carried kerosene (RP-1) as its fuel. The S-IC stage utilized five F-1 engines that used kerosene and liquid oxygen as propellant and each engine provided 1,500,000 pounds of thrust. This stage lifted the entire vehicle and Apollo spacecraft from the launch pad.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1817
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Line drawing depicts the location of one of three racks that will make up the Materials Science Research Facility in the U.S. Destiny laboratory module to be attached to the International Space Station (ISS). Other positions will be occupied by a variety of racks supporting research in combustion, fluids, biotechnology, and human physiology, and racks to support lab and station opertions. The Materials Science Research Facility is managed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. Photo credit:...
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=700
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This cutaway illustration shows the Saturn V S-IC (first) stage with detailed callouts of the components. The S-IC Stage is 138 feet long and 33 feet in diameter, producing 7,500,000 pounds of thrust through five F-1 engines that are powered by liquid oxygen and kerosene. Four of the engines are mounted on an outer ring and gimbal for control purposes. The fifth engine is rigidly mounted in the center. When ignited, the roar produced by the five engines equals the sound of 8,000,000 hi-fi sets.
Topic: What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1075
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the Apollo 17 insignia or logo. The seventh and last manned lunar landing and return to Earth mission, the Apollo 17, carried a crew of three astronauts: Harrison H. Schmitt, Lunar Module pilot; Eugene A. Cernan, mission commander; and Ronald E. Evans, Command Module pilot. Apollo 17 lifted off on December 7, 1972 from the Kennedy Space Flight Center (KSC). Scientific objectives of the mission included geological surveying and sampling of materials and surface features in a preselected...
Topics: What -- Apollo 17, What -- Earth, What -- Taurus, What -- LACE, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3816
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Walt Disney toured the West Test Area during his visit to the Marshall Space Flight Center on April 13, 1965. The three in center foreground are Karl Heimburg, Director, Test Division; Dr. von Braun, Director, MSFC; and Walt Disney. The Dynamic Test Stand with the S-1C stage being installed is in the background.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=942
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The launch of an Atlas-Agena booster carrying the target vehicle for the Gemini 12 mission on November 11, 1966. The Gemini Program was the intermediate step between the Project Mercury and the Apollo Program. Major objectives of the Gemini Program were to subject two men and supporting equipment to long duration flights, and to effect rendezvous and docking with other orbiting vehicles.
Topics: What -- Atlas, What -- Agena, What -- Gemini 12, What -- Gemini, What -- Mercury
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2158
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Outer dimensions of the International Standard Payload Rack (ISPR) that will be used on the International Space Station (ISS) sets the envelope for scientists designing hardware for experiments in biological and physical sciences aboard ISS. The ISPR includes attachments to ISS utilities (electrical power, heating and cooling, data, fluids, vacuum, etc.) through standoffs that hold the racks in place in the lab modules. Usage will range from facilities that take entire racks to specialized...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2074
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In 1982, the Space Station Task Force was formed, signaling the initiation of the Space Station Freedom Program, and eventually resulting in the Marshall Space Flight Center's responsibilities for Space Station Work Package 1.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1544
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Managed by Marshall Space Flight Center, the Space Tug concept was intended to be a reusable multipurpose space vehicle designed to transport payloads to different orbital inclinations. Utilizing mission-specific combinations of its three primary modules (crew, propulsion, and cargo) and a variety of supplementary kits, the Space Tug would have been capable of numerous space applications. This 1971 image shows the basic Propulsion Module and attached elements in their functional configurations....
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1813
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via a Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. Aboard were Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, Who -- Richard Nixon, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3024
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On December 17, 1903, two brothers from Dayton, Ohio, named Wilbur and Orville Wright, were successful in flying an airplane they built. Their powered aircraft flew for 12 seconds above the sand dunes of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, making them the first men to pilot a heavier-than-air machine that took off on its own power, remained under control, and sustained flight.
Topics: Where -- Ohio, Where -- North Carolina
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1851
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Two fuel tanks for the Saturn V S-IC stage at the Marshall Space Flight Center are shown in this photograph. Left is a liquid oxygen tank and an oxidizer tank is at right.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1135
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engineers at the Marshall Space Flight Center install the F-1 engines on the S-IC stage thrust structure at the S-IC static test stand. Engines are installed on the stage after it has been placed in the test stand. This image shows a close-up of an F-1 engine. Five F-1 engines, each weighing 10 tons, gave the booster a total thrust of 7,500,000 pounds, roughly equivalent to 160 million horsepower.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1151
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Wernher von Braun, first director of the Marshall Space Flight Center, relaxes following the successful launch of the Saturn V carrying Apollo 11 to the moon. The towering 363-foot Saturn V was a multi-stage, multi-engine launch vehicle standing taller than the Statue of Liberty. Altogether, the Saturn V engines produced as much power as 85 Hoover Dams.
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Moon, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2583
NASA Images
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Astronauts Sunita L. Williams, Expedition 14 flight engineer, and Robert L. Curbeam (partially obscured), STS-116 mission specialist, are about to be submerged in the waters of the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory (NBL) near Johnson Space Center. Williams and Curbeam are attired in training versions of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) space suit. SCUBA-equipped divers are in the water to assist the crew members in their rehearsal intended to help prepare them for work on the exterior of the...
Topics: What -- STS-116, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3932
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This illustration, with callouts, shows the structural arrangement of the major components for the S-IC (first) stage of the Saturn V launch vehicle. The S-IC stage was 138 feet long and 33 feet in diameter, and produced more than 7,500,000 pounds of thrust through five F-1 engines that were powered by liquid oxygen and kerosene. Four of the engines were mounted on an outer ring and gimbal for control purposes. The fifth engine was rigidly mounted in the center. When ignited, the roar produced...
Topic: What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3673
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Launched on July 26, 2005, from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, STS-114 was classified as Logistics Flight 1. Among the Station-related activities of the mission were the delivery of new supplies and the replacement of one of the orbital outpost's Control Moment Gyroscopes (CMGs). STS-114 also carried the Raffaello Multi-Purpose Logistics Module and the External Stowage Platform-2. A major focus of the mission was the testing and evaluation of new Space Shuttle flight safety, which...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-114, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3622
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In a ceremony honoring Dr. Wernher von Braun, who served as Marshall Space Flight Center Director from 1960 to 1970, Marshall officials renamed the 4200 Building Complex as the Wernher von Braun Office Complex and unveiled a bust of the former director. This photograph is a close-up of the bust in the courtyard. The sculptor of the bust is a MSFC employee, Jack Hood.
Topics: What -- Sculptor, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1486
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This December 1971 photograph shows the internal configuration of Skylab's Multiple Docking Adapter (MDA) flight article (forward view) as it appeared during the crew compartment and function review at the Martin-Marietta Corporation's Space Center Facility in Denver, Colorado. Designed and manufactured by the Marshall Space Flight Center, the MDA housed a number of experiment control and stowage units as well as providing a docking port for the Apollo Command module.
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Denver, Where -- Colorado, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1366
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a von Braun 1952 space station concept. In a 1952 series of articles written in Collier's, Dr. Wernher von Braun, then Technical Director of the Army Ordnance Guided Missiles Development Group at Redstone Arsenal, wrote of a large wheel-like space station in a 1,075-mile orbit. This station, made of flexible nylon, would be carried into space by a fully reusable three-stage launch vehicle. Once in space, the station's collapsible nylon body would be inflated much like an automobile...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1545
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this artist's concept, the X-33 Venture Star, a Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV), manufactured by Lockheed Martin Skunk Works, is shown in orbit with a deployed payload. The Venture Star was one of the earliest versions of the RLV's developed to replace the aging shuttle fleet. The X-33 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2257
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun in his office with models of rockets, April 20, 1962. Dr. von Braun was the director of the Marshall Space Flight Center from July 1960 through February 1970.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1471
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A V-2 rocket takes flight at White Sands, New Mexico, in 1946. The German engineers and scientists who developed the V-2 came to the United States at the end of World War II and continued rocket testing under the direction of the U. S. Army, launching more than sixty V-2s.
Topics: Where -- New Mexico, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=286
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The wedge-shaped X-33 was a sub-scale technology demonstration prototype of a Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV). Through demonstration flights and ground research, NASA's X-33 program was to provide the information needed for industry representatives such as Lockheed Martin (builder of the X-33 Venture Star) to decide by the year 2000 whether to proceed with the development of a full-scale, commercial RLV program. This program would dramatically increase reliability and lower the costs of putting a...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2261
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An artist's rendering of the air-breathing, hypersonic X-43B, the third and largest of NASA's Hyper-X series flight demonstrators, which could fly later this decade. Revolutionizing the way we gain access to space is NASA's primary goal for the Hypersonic Investment Area, managed for NASA by the Advanced Space Transportation Program at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The Hypersonic Investment area, which includes leading-edge partners in industry and academia, will...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2474
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The S-IC-T stage (static firing stage) is installed and awaits the first static firing of all five F-1 engines at the Marshall Space Flight Center S-IC static test stand. Constructed in 1964, the S-IC static test stand was designed and constructed to develop and test the first stage of the Saturn V launch vehicle that used five F-1 engines. Each F-1 engine developed 1,500,000 pounds of thrust for a total liftoff thrust of 7,500,000 pounds. To handle this research and development effort, the...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1154
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory (GRO) being deployed by the Remote Manipulator System (RMS) arm aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-37 mission in April 1991. The GRO reentered Earth atmosphere and ended its successful mission in June 2000. For nearly 9 years, the GRO Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE), designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), kept an unblinking watch on the universe to alert scientists to the invisible,...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-37, What -- Earth, What -- Launch...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2494
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 16 Command Module splashed down in the Pacific Ocean on April 27, 1972 after an 11-day moon exploration mission. The 3-man crew is shown here aboard the rescue ship, USS Horton. From left to right are: Mission Commander John W. Young, Lunar Module pilot Charles M. Duke, and Command Module pilot Thomas K. Mattingly II. The sixth manned lunar landing mission, the Apollo 16 (SA-511) lifted off on April 16, 1972. The Apollo 16 mission continued the broad-scale geological, geochemical,...
Topics: What -- Apollo 15, What -- Moon, What -- Earth, What -- Apollo 16, Where -- Pacific Ocean, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3041
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a view of the Saturn V S-IVB (third) stage for the AS-209 (Apollo-Soyuz test project backup vehicle) on a transporter in the right foreground, and the S-IVB stage for AS-504 (Apollo 9 mission) being installed in the Beta Test Stand 1 at the SACTO facility in California. After the S-II (second) stage dropped away, the S-IVB (third) stage ignited and burned for about two minutes to place itself and the Apollo spacecraft into the desired Earth orbit. At the proper time during this Earth...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Apollo 9, What -- Earth, What -- Moon, Where -- California, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1109
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission launched from the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. (Buzz) Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. With the success of Apollo 11, the national objective to land men on the Moon and return them safely to Earth...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, What -- Apollo 11, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4097
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) launch. The RBCC's overall objective is to provide a technology test bed to investigate critical technologies associated with opperational usage of these engines. The program will focus on near term technologies that can be leveraged to ultimately serve as the near term basis for Two Stage to Orbit (TSTO) air breathing propulsions systems and ultimately a Single Stage To Orbit (SSTO) air breathing propulsion system.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=582
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Quick Time Movie shows lightening strikes as observed from aboard a Space Shuttle. Crew Earth Observations record Earth surface changes over time, as well as more fleeting events such as storms, floods, fires, and volcanic eruptions. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3169
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A collage of protein and virus crystals, many of which were grown on the U.S. Space Shuttle or Russian Space Station, Mir. The crystals include the proteins canavalin; mouse monoclonal antibody; a sweet protein, thaumatin; and a fungal protease. Viruses are represented here by crystals of turnip yellow mosaic virus and satellite tobacco mosaic virus. The crystals are photographed under polarized light (thus causing the colors) and range in size from a few hundred microns in edge length up to...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Russian Mir Space Station, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=805
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph was taken during the final assembly operation of the Saturn V launch vehicle for the Apollo 4 (SA 501) mission. The instrument unit (IU) was mated atop the S-IC/S-II assembly in the Vehicle Assembly Building high bay at the Kennedy Space Center. The Apollo 4 mission was the first launch of the Saturn V launch vehicle. Objectives of the unmanned Apollo 4 test flight were to obtain flight information on launch vehicle and spacecraft structural integrity and compatibility, flight...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Apollo 4, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1123
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the Apollo 15 Moon landing mission logo. Apollo 15 launched from Kennedy Space Center (KSC) on July 26, 1971 via a Saturn Five launch vehicle. Aboard was a crew of three astronauts including David R. Scott, Mission Commander; James B. Irwin, Lunar Module Pilot; and Alfred M. Worden, Command Module Pilot. It was the first mission designed to explore the Moon over longer periods, greater ranges, and with more instruments for the collection of scientific data than on previous missions. The...
Topics: Who -- David R. Scott, Who -- Alfred Worden, What -- Apollo 15, What -- Moon, What -- Saturn, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2970
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun is looking out from a 10th floor window of building 4200 at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). He was the first Center Director and served as the Director from July 1960 through February 1970. Following World War II, Dr. von Braun and his German colleagues arrived in the United States under the Project Paperclip (American acquisition of German rocket experts) to continue their rocket development work. In 1950, von Braun and his German Rocket Team (also called the Peenemuende...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- United States...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1468
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Space Shuttle represented an entirely new generation of space vehicle, the world's first reusable spacecraft. Unlike earlier expendable rockets, the Shuttle was designed to be launched over and over again and would serve as a system for ferrying payloads and persornel to and from Earth orbit. The Shuttle's major components are the orbiter spacecraft; the three main engines, with a combined thrust of more than 1.2 million pounds; the huge external tank (ET) that feeds the liquid hydrogen...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1659
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This illustration is an orbiter cutaway view with callouts. The orbiter is both the brains and heart of the Space Transportation System (STS). About the same size and weight as a DC-9 aircraft, the orbiter contains the pressurized crew compartment (which can normally carry up to seven crew members), the huge cargo bay, and the three main engines mounted on its aft end. There are three levels to the crew cabin. Uppermost is the flight deck where the commander and the pilot control the mission....
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1661
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 16 Command Module splashed down in the Pacific Ocean on April 27, 1972 after an 11-day moon exploration mission. The sixth manned lunar landing mission, the Apollo 16 (SA-511), carrying three astronauts: Mission Commander John W. Young, Command Module pilot Thomas K. Mattingly II, and Lunar Module pilot Charles M. Duke, lifted off on April 16, 1972. The Apollo 16 continued the broad-scale geological, geochemical, and geophysical mapping of the Moon?s crust, begun by the Apollo 15,...
Topics: What -- Apollo 15, What -- Moon, What -- Earth, What -- Apollo 16, Where -- Pacific Ocean, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3040
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Space Tug concept, proposed as a reusable multipurpose space vehicle to transport payloads to different orbital inclinations, was intended to serve as an important link between the Space Shuttle and the Space Station or any other orbital element requiring crew and/or cargo transportation. The Marshall Space Flight Center managed NASA's Space Tug activities. The Space Tug program was cancelled and did not become a reality.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1806
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows the U.S. Laboratory Module (also called Destiny) for the International Space Station (ISS), in the Space Station manufacturing facility at the Marshall Space Flight Center, being readied for shipment to the Kennedy Space Center. The U.S. Laboratory module is the centerpiece of the ISS, where science experiments will be performed in the near-zero gravity of space. The Destiny Module was launched aboard the Space Shuttle orbiter Atlantis (STS-67 mission) on February 7, 2001....
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1607
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Workers at McDornel-Douglas install the Saturn IB S-IVB (second) stage for the Apollo-Soyuz mission into the company's S-IVB assembly and checkout tower in Huntington Beach, California. The Saturn IB launch vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) as an interim vehicle in its "building block" approach to Saturn rocket development. This vehicle utilized the Saturn I technology to further develop and refine the capabilities of a larger booster and the Apollo...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Douglas, Where -- California, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1057
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This illustration is a cutaway view of the internal arrangement of the Airlock Module (AM). The aft end of the Docking Adapter mated to the AM, and served as the environmental, electrical, and communications control center. The docking adapter also contained the port through which the astronauts exited to perform extravehicular activity. The AM contained a turnel section through which Skylab crewmen could move between the workshop and the forward end of the airlock. It was encircled, for part...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Douglas, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1240
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A close-up view of the Apollo 11 command service module ready to be mated with the spacecraft LEM adapter of the third stage. The towering 363-foot Saturn V was a multi-stage, multi-engine launch vehicle standing taller than the Statue of Liberty. Altogether, the Saturn V engines produced as much power as 85 Hoover Dams.
Topics: What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=314
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Two companies have successfully commercialized a specialized welding tool developed at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Friction stir welding uses the high rotational speed of a tool and the resulting frictional heat created from contact to crush, "stir" together, and forge a bond between two metal alloys. It has had a major drawback, reliance on a single-piece pin tool. The pin is slowly plunged into the joint between two materials to be welded and rotated as high speed. At...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1997
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The instrument unit for the Saturn V launch vehicle, AS-506, used to propel the Apollo 11 lunar landing mission, is lowered into place atop the third (S-IVB) stage in the vehicle assembly building at the NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC). Designed by the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the instrument unit served as the Saturn?s ?nerve center? providing guidance and control, command and sequence of vehicle functions, telemetry, and environmental control. The Apollo 11 mission launched...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Saturn, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4089
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Against a black night sky, the Space Shuttle Discovery and its seven-member crew head toward Earth-orbit and a scheduled linkup with the International Space Station (ISS). Liftoff from the Kennedy Space Center's launch pad 39B occurred at 8:47 p.m. (EST) on Dec. 9, 2006 in what was the first evening shuttle launch since 2002. The primary mission objective was to deliver and install the P5 truss element. The P5 installation was conducted during the first of three space walks, and involved use of...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- Earth, What -- International Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3921
NASA Images
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. Imagine what would happen if a collection of loosely attractive particles were confined in a relatively small region in the floating environment of space. Would they self organize into a compact structure, loosely organize into a fractal, or just continue to float...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3882
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Director, Dr. von Braun, is shown fitted with suit and diving equipment as he prepares for a tryout in the MSFC Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS). Weighted to a neutrally buoyant condition, Dr. von Braun was able to perform tasks underwater which simulated weightless conditions found in space.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1463
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-31 crew launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on April 24, 1990 at 8:33:51am (EDT). Included in the crew of five were Loren J. Shriver, commander; Charles F. Bolden, pilot; and Steven A. Hawley, Bruce McCandless, and Kathryn D. Sullivan, all mission specialists. The primary goal of the mission was the deployment of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) which was a Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) managed program.
Topics: What -- STS-31, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- Hubble Space Telescope...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3436
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This illustration depicts the launch configuration of the Apollo spacecraft for the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP). The ASTP was the first international docking of the U.S.'s Apollo spacecraft and the U.S.S.R.'s Soyuz spacecraft in space. A joint engineering team from the two countries met to develop a docking system that permitted the two spacecraft to link in space and allowed the two crews to travel from one spacecraft to the other. This system entailed developing a large habitable Docking...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1226
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Calcium kinetics studies in the Nutritional Biochemistry Laboratory at NASA's Johnson Space Center.
Topic: Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2637
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Kalpana Chawla, STS-107 mission specialist is shown keeping up with the brisk stream of science data in the SPACEHAB Research Double Module aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia. Launched January 16, 2003, the STS-107 mission is strictly a multidiscipline microgravity and Earth science research mission involving 80-plus International experiments to be performed during 16-days, many of which will be managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The majority of...
Topics: Who -- Kalpana Chawla, What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2573
NASA Images
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. Inserting a bubble into a floating ball of water in space is difficult, as Pettit demonstrates in this video. Blowing the bubble is the easy part. Getting it to stay in the center of the ball of water is much more difficult. Watch the video to see the technique...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3866
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows the Skylab Orbital Workshop (OWS) assembled, with its Thruster Attitude Control System (TACS) and radiator, ready for placing on the transporter. Twenty-two titanium spheres above the radiator housed the nitrogen required for operation of the TACS. At one end of the OWS, the TACS provided short-term control of the attitude of the Skylab.
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1300
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A smooth countdown culminated in a picture-perfect launch as the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour (STS-47) climbed skyward atop a ladder of billowing smoke on September 12, 1992. The primary payload for the plarned seven-day flight was the Spacelab-J science laboratory. The second flight of Endeavour marks a number of historic firsts: the first space flight of an African-American woman, the first Japanese citizen to fly on a Space Shuttle, and the first married couple to fly in space.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- STS-47
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2556
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This early chart conceptualizes the use of two parallel Solid Rocket Motor Boosters in conjunction with three main engines to launch the proposed Space Shuttle to orbit. At approximately twenty-five miles altitude, the boosters would detach from the Orbiter and parachute back to Earth where they would be recovered and refurbished for future use. The Shuttle was designed as NASA's first reusable space vehicle, launching vertically like a spacecraft and landing on runways like conventional...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=323
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept illustrates the deployment sequence of the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) on the Moon. The LRV was designed to transport astronauts and materials on the Moon. It was a collapsible open-space vehicle about 10 feet long with large mesh wheels, anterna, appendages, tool caddies, and cameras. Powered by two 36-volt batteries, it has four 1/4-hp drive motors, one for each wheel. The vehicle was designed to travel in forward or reverse, negotiate obstacles about 1 foot high, cross...
Topics: What -- Moon, What -- Apollo 15, What -- Apollo 16, What -- Apollo 17, Where -- Marshall Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1224
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This concept is a cutaway illustration of the Lunar Module (LM) with detailed callouts. The LM was a two part spacecraft. Its lower or descent stage had the landing gear, engines, and fuel needed for the landing. When the LM blasted off the Moon, the descent stage served as the launching pad for its companion ascent stage, which was also home for the two astronauts on the surface of the Moon. The LM was full of gear with which to communicate, navigate, and rendezvous. It also had its own...
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Topic: What -- Moon
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1169
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Photo, which appeared on the July cover of `Physics Today', is of the Electrostatic Levitator (ESL) at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The ESL uses static electricity to suspend an object (about 3-4 mm in diameter) inside a vacuum chamber allowing scientists to record a wide range of physical properties without the sample contracting the container or any instruments, conditions that would alter the readings. Once inside the chamber, a laser heats the sample until it melts. The...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2739