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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Interferometer Protein Crystal Growth (IPCG) experiment was designed to measure details of how protein molecules move through a fluid. It was flown on the STS-86 mission for use aboard Russian Space Station Mir in 1998. It studied aspects of how crystals grow - and what conditions lead to the best crystals, details that remain a mystery. IPCG produces interference patterns by spilitting then recombining laser light. This let scientists see how fluid densities - and molecular diffusion -...
Topics: What -- STS-86, What -- Russian Mir Space Station, Where -- California, Where -- Marshall Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=770
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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One of three Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) test cells after flight on STS-79 and before impregnation with resin. Note that the sand column has bulged in the middle, and that the top of the column is several inches lower than the top of the plastic enclosure. Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause friction as they roll and slide against each other, or even cause sticking and form small voids between grains. This complex behavior can cause soil to behave like a liquid under...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=757
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A test cell for the Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) experiment is shown in its on-orbit configuration in Spacehab during preparations for STS-89. The twin locker to the left contains the hydraulic system to operate the experiment. Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause friction as they roll and slide against each other, or even cause sticking and form small voids between grains. This complex behavior can cause soil to behave like a liquid under certain conditions such as...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Colorado, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=765
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A crewmember of Expedition One, cosmonaut Yuri P. Gidzenko, is dwarfed by transient hardware aboard Leonardo, the Italian Space Agency-built Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM), a primary cargo of the STS-102 mission. The Leonardo MPLM is the first of three such pressurized modules that will serve as the International Space Station's (ISS's) moving vans, carrying laboratory racks filled with equipment, experiments and supplies to and from the Space Station aboard the Space Shuttle. The...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-102, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1642
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Space Shuttle Atlantis, STS-110 mission, deployed this railcar, called the Mobile Transporter, and an initial 43-foot section of track, the S0 (S-zero) truss, preparing the International Space Station (ISS) for future spacewalks. The first railroad in space, the Mobile Transporter will allow the Station's robotic arm to travel up and down the finished truss for future assembly and maintenance. The 27,000-pound S0 truss is the first of 9 segments that will make up the Station's external...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-110, What -- International Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2401
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The photograph depicts the X-37 neutral buoyancy simulator mockup at Dryden Flight Research Center. The X-37 experimental launch vehicle is roughly 27.5 feet (8.3 meters) long and 15 feet (4.5 meters) in wingspan. Its experiment bay is 7 feet (2.1 meters) long and 4 feet (1.2 meters) in diameter. Designed to operate in both the orbital and reentry phases of flight, the X-37 will increase both safety and reliabiltiy, while reducing launch costs from $10,000 per pound to $1000 per pound. Managed...
Topics: Where -- Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2526
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 16th American assembly flight and 112th overall American flight to the International Space Station (ISS) launched on November 23, 2002 from Kennedy's launch pad 39A aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavor STS-113. Mission objectives included the delivery of the Expedition Six Crew to the ISS, the return of Expedition Five crew back to Earth, and the installation and activation of the Port 1 Integrated Truss Assembly (P1). The first major component installed on the left side of the...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-113, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2795
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Artist's digital concept of the International Space Station (ISS), a gateway to permanent human presence in space, after all assembly is completed in Year 2003. The Station will be powered by almost an acre of solar panels and have a mass of almost one million pounds. Station modules are being provided by the United States, Russia, Japan, and Europe. Canada is providing a mechanical arm and Canada Hand. Sixteen countries are cooperating to provide a multidisciplinary laboratory, technology test...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- United States of America, Where -- Russia,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=736
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Test cells comprise specimen sand contained in a latex membrane (with a grid pattern for CCD cameras) between metal end plates and housed in a water-filled Lexan jacket. Experiment flown on STS-79 and STS-89. Principal Investigator: Dr. Stein Sture.
Topics: What -- STS-79, What -- STS-89
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=169
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Optical prots ring the Electrostatic Levitator (ESL) vacuum chamber to admit light from the heating laser (the beam passes through the window at left), poisitioning lasers (one port is at center), and lamps (arc lamp at right), and to allow diagnostic instruments to view the sample. The ESL uses static electricity to suspend an object (about 2-3 mm in diameter) inside a vacuum chamber while a laser heats the sample until it melts. This lets scientists record a wide range of physical properties...
Topic: What -- Beam
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=791
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Schematic of Electrostatic Levitator (ESL) electrodes and controls system. The ESL uses static electricity to suspend an object (about 2-3 mm in diameter) inside a vacuum chamber while a laser heats the sample until it melts. This lets scientists record a wide range of physical properties without the sample contacting the container or any instruments, conditions that would alter the readings. The Electrostatic Levitator is one of several tools used in NASA's microgravity materials science...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=788
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Cadmium selenium Quantum Dots (QDs) are metal nanoparticles that fluoresce in a variety of colors determined by their size. QDs are solid state structures made of semiconductors or metals that confine a countable, small number of electrons into a small space. The confinement of electrons is achieved by the placement of some insulating material(s) around a central, well conducted region. Coupling QDs with antibodies can be used to make spectrally multiplexed immunoassays that test for a number...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3906
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA?s Virtual Glovebox (VGX) was developed to allow astronauts on Earth to train for complex biology research tasks in space. The astronauts may reach into the virtual environment, naturally manipulating specimens, tools, equipment, and accessories in a simulated microgravity environment as they would do in space. Such virtual reality technology also provides engineers and space operations staff with rapid prototyping, planning, and human performance modeling capabilities. Other Earth based...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3960
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the STS-116 Crew Portrait. Pictured on the front row from left to right are: William Oefelein, pilot; Joan Higginbotham, mission specialist; and Mark Polansky, commander. On the back row, left to right, are: Robert Curbeam, Nicholas Patrick, Sunita Williams, and the European Space Agency?s Christer Fuglesang, all mission specialists. Williams joined Expedition 14 in progress to serve as flight engineer aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Launched aboard the Space Shuttle...
Topics: Who -- William Oefelein, Who -- Joan Higginbotham, Who -- Mark Polansky, Who -- Robert Curbeam, Who...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3917
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit photographed a cube shaped wire frame supporting a thin film made from a water-soap solution during his Saturday Morning Science aboard the International Space Station?s (ISS) Destiny Laboratory. Food coloring was added to several faces to observe the effects of diffusion within the film.
Topics: What -- WIRE, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Destiny
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3905
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Under the goals of the Vision for Space Exploration, Ares I is a chief component of the cost-effective space transportation infrastructure being developed by NASA's Constellation Program. This transportation system will safely and reliably carry human explorers back to the moon, and then onward to Mars and other destinations in the solar system. The Ares I effort includes multiple project element teams at NASA centers and contract organizations around the nation, and is managed by the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Ares Launch Vehicles, What -- Constellation, What -- Moon,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4183
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The physics and astronomy satellite Beacon, the Payload for Juno II (AM-19B). The AM-19B mission was unsuccessful.
Topic: What -- Beacon
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=891
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Test firing of the Saturn I S-I Stage (S-1-10) at the Marshall Space Flight Center. This test stand was originally constructed in 1951 and sometimes called the Redstone or T tower. In l961, the test stand was modified to permit static firing of the S-I/S-IB stages, which produced a total thrust of 1,600,000 pounds. The name of the stand was then changed to the S-IB Static Test Stand.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1019
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The Saturn Project was approved on January 18, 1960 as a program of the highest national priority. The formal test program to prove out the clustered-booster concept was well underway. A series of static tests of the Saturn I booster (S-I stage) began June 3, 1960 at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). This photograph depicts the Saturn I S-I stage equipped with eight H-1 engines, being successfully test-fired for the duration of 121 seconds on June 15, 1960.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1009
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The static firing of a Saturn F-1 engine at the Marshall Space Flight Center's Static Test Stand. The F-1 engine is a single-start, 1,5000,000 Lb fixed-thrust, bipropellant rocket system. The engine uses liquid oxygen as the oxidizer and RP-1 (kerosene) as fuel. The five-engine cluster used on the first stage of the Saturn V produces 7,500,000 lbs of thrust.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1016
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image depicts the tension in the Launch Control Center of the Launch Complex 37 at Cape Canaveral, Florida, during the SA-8 on May 25, 1965. Pointing, center is Dr. Kurt Debus, Director, Launch Operations Directorate, MSFC. To the right is Dr. Hans Gruene, Deputy Director, Launch Operations Directorate, MSFC; Dr. von Braun, Director, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC); and leaning, Dr. Eberhard Rees, Director, Deputy Director for Research and Development, MSFC. The SA-8 mission, with a...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Pegasus, Where -- Florida, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=944
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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S-IB-1, the first flight version of the Saturn IB launch vehicle's first stage (S-IB stage), undergoes a full-duration static firing in Saturn IB static test stand at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) on April 13, 1965. Developed by the MSFC and built by the Chrysler Corporation at the Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF) in New Orleans, Louisiana, the 90,000-pound booster utilized eight H-1 engines to produce a combined thrust of 1,600,000 pounds. Between April 1965 and July 1968, MSFC...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1044
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Charles Cochran charts the progress of a test being conducted in Marshall Space Flight Center?s (MSFC) Space Sciences Laboratory for center director, Dr. Wernher von Braun.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3264
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Sitting on the lunar surface, this magnetometer provided new data on the Moon?s magnetic field. This was one of the instruments used during the Apollo 12 mission. The second manned lunar landing mission, Apollo 12 launched from launch pad 39-A at Kennedy Space Center in Florida on November 14, 1969 via a Saturn V launch vehicle. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. Aboard Apollo 12 was a crew of three...
Topics: Who -- Richard Gordon, What -- Magnetometer, What -- Apollo 12, What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3028
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This photograph shows technicians performing a checkout of the Metabolic Analyzer (center background) and the Ergometer (foreground) in the Orbital Workshop (OWS). The shower compartment is at right. The Ergometer (Skylab Experiment M171) evaluated man's metabolic effectiveness and cost of work in space environment. Located in the experiment and work area of the OWS, the shower compartment was a cylindrical cloth enclosure that was folded flat when not in use. The bottom ring of the shower was...
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1293
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San Antonio, Texas high school student, Terry C. Quist, is greeted by (left to right): Astronauts Russell L. Schweickart, and Owen K. Garriott; Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Skylab Program Manager, Leland Belew; and MSFC Director of Administration and Technical Services, David Newby, during a tour of MSFC. Quist was among 25 winners of a contest in which some 3,500 high school students proposed experiments for the following year?s Skylab mission. The nationwide scientific competition was...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Texas, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3297
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This photograph is of the High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)-2 telescope being evaluated by engineers in the clean room of the X-Ray Calibration Facility at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The MSFC was heavily engaged in the technical and scientific aspects, testing and calibration, of the HEAO-2 telescope The HEAO-2 was the first imaging and largest x-ray telescope built to date. The X-Ray Calibration Facility was built in 1976 for testing MSFC's HEAO-2. The facility is the...
Topics: What -- HEAO 2, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1549
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This is a double exposure of the Shuttle Orbiter Enterprise on the strong back of the Dynamic Test Stand at Marshall Space Flight Center's building 4550 as it undergoes a Mated Vertical Ground Vibration Test (MVGVT). One exposure depicts a sunset view, while the other depicts a post-sunset view.
Topics: What -- Enterprise, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1769
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The first light weight external tank (LWT) for the STS-3 mission was moved to the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at the Kennedy Space Center. In VAB the LWT would be mated with the Space Shuttle orbiter Columbia and solid rocket boosters. The LWT, unpainted external tank (ET) saved 6,000 pounds in the Shuttle liftoff weight. The giant cylinder, higher than a 15-story building, with a length of 154-feet (47-meters) and a diameter of 27.5-feet (8.4-meters), is the largest single piece of the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Advanced Communication Technology...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1674
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photo depicts the recovery operations of the MR-3 mission. Astronaut Alan Shepard was picked up by a U.S. Marine helicopter after the completion of the first marned suborbital flight by MR-3 (Mercury-Redstone) with the Freedom 7 capsule.
Topics: Who -- Alan B. Shepard, Jr., What -- Mercury
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1493
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Launched on June 20, 1996, the STS-78 mission?s primary payload was the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS), which was managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). During the 17 day space flight, the crew conducted a diverse slate of experiments divided into a mix of life science and microgravity investigations. In a manner very similar to future International Space Station operations, LMS researchers from the United States and their European counterparts shared resources such as crew...
Topics: Who -- Susan Helms, What -- STS-78, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3646
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A NASA official inspects the results of Convergent Spray Technology used to resurface a bridge on Interstate 65 near Lacon, Alabama. Originally developed by USBI to apply a heat resistant coating to the Space Shuttle's Solid Rocket Boosters, the environment-friendly technology reduces the required worktime from days to hours.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=623
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The Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) spacecraft embarks on a journey that will culminate in a close encounter with an asteroid. The launch of NEAR inaugurates NASA's irnovative Discovery program of small-scale planetary missions with rapid, lower-cost development cycles and focused science objectives. NEAR will rendezvous in 1999 with the asteroid 433 Eros to begin the first long-term, close-up look at an asteroid's surface composition and physical properties. NEAR's science payload...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Discovery, What -- Spectrometer, What -- Infrared Spectrograph (IRS), What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=490
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The crew assigned to the STS-84 mission included (seated front left to right) Jerry M Linenger, mission specialist; Charles J. Precourt, commander; and C. Michael Foale, mission specialist. On the back row (left to right) are Jean-Francois Clervoy (ESA), mission specialist; Eileen M. Collins, pilot; Edward T. Lu, mission specialist; Elena V. Kondakova (RSA), mission specialist; and Carlos I. Noriega, mission specialist. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis on May 15, 1997 at 4:07:48 am...
Topics: Who -- Michael Foale, Who -- Carlos I. Noriega, What -- STS-84, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3599
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This photograph, taken by the Boeing Company,shows Boeing technicians preparing to install one of six hatches or doors to the Node 1 (also called Unity), the first U.S. Module for the International Space Station (ISS). The Node 1, or Unity, serves as a cornecting passageway to Space Station modules and was manufactured by the Boeing Company at the Marshall Space Flight Center from 1994 to 1997. The U.S. built Unity module was launched aboard the orbiter Endeavour (STS-88 mission) on December 4,...
Topics: What -- Unity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Endeavour, What -- STS-88, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1600
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Framed by the Vehicle Assembly Building at right and the Mate-Demate Device at left, the Space Shuttle orbiter Columbia (STS-94) glided onto Runway 33 of Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility. On board for the reflight of STS-83 were a crew of seven and the Microgravity Science Laboratory-1 (MSL-1)which was managed by scientists and engineers from the Marshall Space Flight Center. Mission STS-94 marked the 23rd flight of Columbia and the 85th mission flown since the start of the Space...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-83, What -- MSL 1, What -- STS-94,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=560
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Pregnant Guppy is a modified Boeing B-377 Stratocruiser used to transport the S-IV (second) stage for the Saturn I launch vehicle between manufacturing facilities on the West coast, and testing and launch facilities in the Southeast. The fuselage of the B-377 was lengthened to accommodate the S-IV stage and the plane's cabin section was enlarged to approximately double its normal volume. The idea was originated by John M. Conroy of Aero Spaceliners, Incorporated, in Van Nuys, California....
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1102
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James R. Thompon served as director of the Marshall Space Flight Center from September 29, 1986 until July 6, 1989, when he was appointed as NASA Deputy Administrator. Prior to his tenure as Marshall's Director, Thompson served from March to June 1986 as the vice-chairman of the NASA task force investigating the cause of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident. He was credited with playing a significant role in returning the Space Shuttle to flight following the Challenger disaster.
Topics: Who -- James R. Thompson, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=271
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(PCG) Protein Crystal Growth Porcine Elastase. This enzyme is associated with the degradation of lung tissue in people suffering from emphysema. It is useful in studying causes of this disease. Principal Investigator on STS-26 was Charles Bugg.
Topic: What -- STS-26
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=21
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Space Shuttle Atlantis takes flight on its STS-27 mission, December 2, 1988, utilizing 375,000 pounds of thrust produced by its three main engines. The engines start in 3.9 seconds of ignition and go to static pump speeds of approximately 35,000 revolutions per minute during that time. The Marshall Space Flight Center had management responsibility of Space Shuttle propulsion elements, including the Main Engines.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-27, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=301
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The STS-32 patch, designed by the five crewmembers for the scheduled December 1989 space mission, depicts the Space Shuttle orbiter rendezvousing with the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) satellite from above. The Syncom satellite is successfully deployed and on its way to geosynchronous orbit. Five stars have been arranged so that three are one side of the orbiter and two on the other to form the number 32. The seven major rays of the sun are in remembrance of the crewmembers for STS...
Topics: What -- STS-32, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Sun, What -- STS-51
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3443
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The STS-30 mission launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis on May 4, 1989 at 2:46:59pm (EDT) carrying a crew of five. Aboard were Ronald J. Grabe, pilot; David M. Walker, commander; and mission specialists Norman E. Thagard, Mary L. Cleave, and Mark C. Lee. The primary payload for the mission was the Magellan/Venus Radar mapper spacecraft and attached Inertial Upper Stage (IUS).
Topics: Who -- David M. Walker, Who -- Mark C. Lee, What -- STS-30, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3429
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Solar Vector Magnetograph is used to predict solar flares, and other activities associated with sun spots. This research provides new understanding about weather on the Earth, and solar-related conditions in orbit.
Topics: What -- Sun, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=445
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The primary objective of the STS-35 mission was round the clock observation of the celestial sphere in ultraviolet and X-Ray astronomy with the Astro-1 observatory which consisted of four telescopes: the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope (HUT); the Wisconsin Ultraviolet Photo-Polarimeter Experiment (WUPPE); the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT); and the Broad Band X-Ray Telescope (BBXRT). The Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at the...
Topics: What -- Astro 1, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Wisconsin, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3385
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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President George Bush delivers an address to Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) employees during his visit to the center. President Bush gave NASA employees an objective to send missions back to the moon to stay then continue on to Mars, referring to the Space Station project.
Topics: What -- Moon, What -- Mars, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=463
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The STS-31 crew launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on April 24, 1990 at 8:33:51am (EDT). Included in the crew of five were Loren J. Shriver, commander; Charles F. Bolden, pilot; and Steven A. Hawley, Bruce McCandless, and Kathryn D. Sullivan, all mission specialists. The primary goal of the mission was the deployment of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) which was a Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) managed program.
Topics: What -- STS-31, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- Hubble Space Telescope...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3435
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Designed by the astronauts assigned to fly on the mission, the STS 43 patch portrays the evolution and continuity of the USA's space program by highlighting 30 years of American manned space flight experience -- from Mercury to the Space Shuttle. The emergence of the Shuttle Atlantis from the outlined configuration of the Mercury space capsule commemorates this special relationship. The energy and momentum of launch are conveyed by the gradations of blue which mark the Shuttle's ascent from...
Topics: What -- STS-4, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Mercury, What -- Atlantis, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3496
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The arrowhead shape of the STS-39 crew patch represents a skyward aim to learn more about our planet's atmosphere and space environment in support of the Department of Defense. Our national symbol is represented by the star constellation Aguila (the eagle) as its brightest star, Altair, lifts a protective canopy above Earth. The Space Shuttle encircles the spectrum which represents x-ray, ultraviolet, visible and infrared electromagnetic radiation to be measured by a variety of scientific...
Topics: What -- STS-39, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Constellation, What -- ALTAIR, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3471
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Two years prior to being used during a shuttle mission, the Transfer to Orbit System (TOS) is being demonstrated at Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS). TOS is an upper stage launch system used to place satellites into higher orbits. TOS was used only once, on September 12, 1993 when the Space Shuttle Discovery (STS51) deployed ACTS (Advanced Communications Technology Satellite). The test pictured was to provide an evaluation of the extravehicular activity...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- Advanced Communication Technology...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=571
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Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis on August 2, 1991, the STS-43 mission?s primary payload was the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite 5 (TDRS-5) attached to an Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), which became the 4th member of an orbiting TDRS cluster. The flight crew consisted of five astronauts: John E. Blaha, commander; Michael A. Baker, pilot; Shannon W. Lucid, mission specialist 1; James C. Adamson, mission specialist 2; and G. David Low, mission specialist 3.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-4
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3495
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By the end of the 19th century, soldiers, sailors, and practical and not-so practical inventors, had developed a stake in rocketry. Skillful theorists, like Konstantian Tsiolkovsky in Russia, were examining the fundamental scientific theories behind rocketry. They were begirning to consider the possibility of space travel
Topic: Where -- Russia
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=853
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STS-49, the first flight of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour, lifted off from launch pad 39B on May 7, 1992 at 6:40 pm CDT. The STS-49 mission was the first U.S. orbital flight to feature 4 extravehicular activities (EVAs), and the first flight to involve 3 crew members working simultaneously outside of the spacecraft. The primary objective was the capture and redeployment of the INTELSAT VI (F-3) which was stranded in an unusable orbit since its launch aboard the Titan rocket in March 1990.
Topics: What -- STS-49, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- Titan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3655
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A four-million-mile journey draws to a flawless ending as the orbiter Discovery (STS-56) lands at Kennedy Space Center's (KSC) Shuttle Landing Facility. Aboard for the second shuttle mission of 1993 were a crew of five and the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science 2 (ATLAS 2), the second in a series of missions to study the sun's energy output and Earth's middle atmosphere chemical make-up, and how these factors affect levels of ozone.
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- STS-5, What -- Atlas 2, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=563
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Astronauts Mark Lee and Mike Gerhardt, and a technician participate in the Nitrox breathing system test in Marshall's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=403
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Designed by the mission?s crew members, the STS-57 crew patch depicts the Space Shuttle Endeavour maneuvering to retrieve the European Space Agency's microgravity experiment satellite EURECA. SpaceHab, the first commercial space laboratory, is depicted in the cargo bay, and its characteristic shape is represented by the inner red border of the patch. The three gold plumes surrounded by the five stars trailing EURECA are suggestive of the U.S. astronaut logo. The five gold stars together with...
Topics: What -- STS-5, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3541
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Payload Commander, Bonnie Dunbar working onboard STS-50 USML-1
Topics: What -- STS-5, What -- USML 1
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=12
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The STS-56 crew portrait includes five astronauts. Seated from the left are Stephen S. Oswald, pilot; and Kenneth D. Cameron, commander. Standing, from the left, are mission specialists Kenneth D. Cockrell, C. Michael Foal, and Ellen Ochoa. The crew launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on April 8, 1993 at 1:29:00 am (EDT) with the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science-2 (ATLAS-2) as the primary payload.
Topics: Who -- Ellen Ochoa, What -- STS-5, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- Atlas 2
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3538
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The first United States Microgravity Laboratory (USML-1) was one of NASA's science and technology programs that provided scientists an opportunity to research various scientific investigations in a weightlessness environment inside the Spacelab module. It also provided demonstrations of new equipment to help prepare for advanced microgravity research and processing aboard the Space Station. The USML-1 flew in orbit for extended periods, providing greater opportunities for research in materials...
Topics: What -- USML 1, What -- Opportunity, What -- Earth, What -- STS-5, Where -- United States of...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2312
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Astronaut Mark Lee participates in the Photo Voltaic Module testing in Marshall's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=391
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International Space Station testing is conducted in Marshall's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=401
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Underwater tests are conducted with Space Systems lab at Marshall's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=380
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Astronaut Mark Lee floats freely as he tests the new backpack called the Simplified Aid for EVA Rescue (SAFER) system. SAFER is designed for use in the event a crew member becomes untethered while conducting an EVA. The STS-64 mission marked the first untethered U.S. EVA in 10 years, and was launched on September 9, 1994, aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Discovery.
Topics: What -- STS-64, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2446
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The Little Joe launch vehicle for the LJ1 mission on the launch pad at the wallops Flight Facility, Wallops Island, Virginia, on January 21, 1960. This mission achieved the suborbital Mercury cupsule test, testing of the escape system, and biomedical tests by using a monkey, named Miss Sam.
Topics: What -- Mercury, Where -- Wallops Flight Facility, Where -- Virginia
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2203
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Engineers at Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) Interstellar Propulsion Research department are proposing different solutions to combustion propellants for future space travel. One alternative being tested is the solar sail. The idea is, once deployed, the sail will allow solar winds to propel a spacecraft away from Earth and towards its destination. This would allow a spacecraft to travel indefinitely without the need to refuel during its ong journey. Thin reflective sails could be...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Louisiana, Where -- New York,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2462
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The Fluids and Combustion Facility (FCF) is a modular, multi-user facility to accommodate microgravity science experiments on board Destiny, the U.S. Laboratory Module for the International Space Station (ISS). The FCF will be a permanet facility aboard the ISS, and will be capable of accommodating up to ten science investigations per year. It will support the NASA Science and Technology Research Plans for the International Space Station (ISS) which require sustained systematic research of the...
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3132
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Engineers from NASA's Glenn Research Center, demonstrate access to one of the experiment racks planned for the U.S. Destiny laboratory module on the International Space Station. This mockup has the full diameter, full corridor width, and half the length of the module. The mockup includes engineering mockups of the Fluids and Combustion Facility being developed by NASA's Glenn Research Center. (The full module will be six racks long; the mockup is three rack long) Photo credit: NASA/Marshall...
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3090
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Angie Jackman, a NASA project manager in microgravity research, demonstrates the enhanced resilience of undercooled metal alloys as compared to conventional alloys. Experiments aboard the Space Shuttle helped scientists refine their understanding of the physical properties of certain metal alloys when undercooled (i.e., kept liquid below their normal solidification temperature). This new knowledge then allowed scientists to modify a terrestrial production method so they can now make limited...
Topic: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=711
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Optical ports ring the Electrostatic Levitator (ESL) vacuum chamber to admit light from the heating laser (the beam passes through the window at left), positioning lasers (one port is at center), and lamps (such as the deuterium arc lamp at right), and to allow diagnostic instruments to view the sample. The ESL uses static electricity to suspend an object (about 2-3 mm in diameter) inside a vacuum chamber while a laser heats the sample until it melts. This lets scientists record a wide range of...
Topic: What -- Beam
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=785
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Bill Davis performing checkout at the Materials Experiment Assembly (MEA) Isothermal Furnace.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3
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This chart details Skylab's Dual X-Ray Telescopes, one of eight Apollo Telescope Mount facilities. It was designed to gather solar radiation data in the x-ray region of the solar spectrum and provide information on physical processes within the solar atmosphere. In support of the two primary telescopes, auxiliary instruments provided a continuous record of the total x-ray flux in two bands. A flare detector was also provided at the control console as an aid to astronauts for monitoring solar...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1327
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This chart details Skylab's Ultraviolet (UV) X-Ray Solar Photography experiment (S020) in an Apollo Telescope Mount facility. It was designed to photograph normal and explosive areas within the solar atmosphere in the UV and x-ray spectra. The Marshall Space Flight Center had program management responsibility for the development of Skylab hardware and experiments.
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1324
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NASA is looking to biological techniques that are millions of years old to help it develop new materials and nanotechnology for the 21st century. Sponsored by NASA, Jerzy Bernholc, a principal investigator in the microgravity materials science program and a physics professor at North Carolina State University, Bernholc works with very large-scale computations to model carbon molecules as they assemble themselves to form nanotubes. The strongest confirmed material known, nanotubes are much...
Topic: Where -- North Carolina
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2065
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The first NASA Dropping In a Microgravity Environment (DIME) student competition pilot project came to a conclusion at the Glenn Research Center in April 2001. The competition involved high-school student teams who developed the concept for a microgravity experiment and prepared an experiment proposal. The two student teams - COSI Academy, sponsored by the Columbus Center of Science and Industry, and another team from Cincinnati, Ohio's Sycamore High School, designed a microgravity experiment,...
Topics: Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC), Where -- Columbus
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3118
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The arnual conference for the Educator Resource Center Network (ERCN) Coordinators was held at Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field in Cleveland, Ohio. The conference included participants from NASA's Educator Resource Centers located throughout the country. The Microgravity Science Division at Glenn sponsored a Microgravity Day for all the conference participants. This image is from a digital still camera; higher resolution is not available.
Topics: Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC), Where -- Lewis Field, Where -- Ohio
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2102
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This STS-98 Shuttle mission image shows an overall interior view of the newly attached U.S. Laboratory, Destiny. The American-made Destiny module is the cornerstone for space-based research aboard the orbiting platform and the centerpiece of the International Space Station (ISS), where unprecedented science experiments will be performed in the near-zero gravity of space. Destiny will also serve as the command and control center for the ISS. The aluminum module is 8.5-meters (28-feet) long and...
Topics: What -- STS-98, What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1634