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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This in an aerial view (looking east) of a Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV), often referred to as ?Moonbuggy?, simulator area built at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) where testing was performed. The LRV was developed under the direction of MSFC to provide astronauts with greater mobility on the lunar surface. Visible in the background is the 18-acre facility known as the Random Motion/ Lift-Off Simulator or ?Arm Farm? which was developed to test the Saturn swingarm mechanisms that were used...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3331
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Apollo 8 astronauts and commanding officer of the recovery ship U.S.S. Yorktown walk the red carpet of the flight deck after splashdown recovery in the Pacific Ocean. Apollo 8 served as the first manned lunar orbit mission and the first manned flight of the Saturn V space vehicle, developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Liftoff occurred on December 21, 1968, carrying astronauts Frank Borman, commander; William Anders, Lunar Module (LM) Pilot; and James Lovell, Command Module (CM)...
Topics: Who -- Frank Borman, Who -- William Anders, What -- Apollo 8, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4134
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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TEMPUS is the acronym that stands for the German Tiegelfreies Elektromanetisches Prozessieren Unter Schwerelosigkeit. Most of the TEMPUS experiments focused on various aspects of undercooling liquid metal and alloys. In this video, Dr. Hans Fecht, a German researcher, explains the significance of undercooloing metallic glass and measuring conditions to create the desired material to further the understanding of mass producing this metallic glass. Dr. Bill Johnson, another TEMPUS researcher,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3900
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The crew assigned to the STS-61A mission included (front row left to right) Reinhard Furrer, German payload specialist; Bonnie J. Dunbar, mission specialist; and Henry W. Hartsfield, Jr. commander. On the back row, left to right, are Steven R. Nagel, pilot; Guion S. Bluford, mission specialist; Ernst Messerscmid, German payload specialist; and Wubbo J. Ockels, Dutch payload specialist. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger on October 30, 1985 at 12:00:00 noon (EST), the STS-61A mission?s...
Topics: Who -- Reinhard Furrer, Who -- Bonnie J. Dunbar, Who -- Steven R. Nagel, What -- STS-61, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3549
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Redstone Test Stand, shown here, was used throughout the 1950s to test the Redstone missionile, including the modified Redstone that launched America's first astronaut, Alan Shepard. The U. S. Department of the Interior's Park Services designated the Test Stand as a National Historic Landmark January 22, 1986.
Topics: Who -- Alan B. Shepard, Jr., Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=285
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engineers test-fire Development Motor-8 at Thiokol's Utah facility, the first time all the changes in the Redesigned Solid Rocket Motor had been test-fired together. The redesign of the Shuttle's Solid Rocket Motor resulted from the January 28, 1986 Challenger accident. The Marshall Space Flight Center had management responsibility of Space Shuttle propulsion elements, including the Solid Rocket Booster.
Topics: What -- Challenger, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Utah, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=298
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) pictured in the Vertical Processing Facility (VPF) support fixture during final testing and verification at the Lockheed assembly plant.
Topic: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1613
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Orbital Documentation of Porcine Elastase grown in (PCG) Protein Crystal Growth (RIM) Refrigerator Incubator Module
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=19
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 5 member crew of the STS-41 mission included (left to right): Bruce E. Melnick, mission specialist 2; Robert D. Cabana, pilot; Thomas D. Akers, mission specialist 3; Richard N. Richards, commander; and William M. Shepherd, mission specialist 1. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on October 6, 1990 at 7:47:15 am (EDT), the primary payload for the mission was the ESA built Ulysses Space Craft made to explore the polar regions of the Sun. Other main payloads and experiments included...
Topics: Who -- Richard N. Richards, What -- STS-4, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3477
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall scientist practices assembling the solar panel array for the space station during the Collector Panel Assembly Test (COPAT) at Marshall's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=410
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Onboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia (STS-35), the various components of the Astro-1 payload are seen backdropped against dark space. Parts of the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope (HUT), Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT), and the Wisconsin Ultraviolet Photo-Polarimetry Experiment (WUPPE) are visible on the Spacelab pallet. The Broad-Band X-Ray Telescope (BBXRT) is behind the pallet and is not visible in this scene. The smaller cylinder in the foreground is the igloo. The igloo was a...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Astro 1, Where -- Wisconsin, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2279
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-39 crew portrait includes 7 astronauts. Pictured are Charles L. Veach, mission specialist 5; Michael L. Coats, commander; Gregory J. Harbaugh, mission specialist 2; Donald R. McMonagle, mission specialist 4; L. Blaine Hammond, pilot; Richard J. Hieb, mission specialist 3; and Guion S. Buford, Jr., mission specialist 1. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on April 28, 1991 at 7:33:14 am (EDT), STS-39 was a Department of Defense (DOD) mission. The primary unclassified payload...
Topics: Who -- Michael L. Coats, What -- STS-39, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3469
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A Titan booster launched the Gemini 8 spacecraft on March 16, 1966 from launch complex 19 Cape Kennedy, Florida. The flight crew for the 3 day mission, astronauts Neil A. Armstrong and David R. Scott, achieved the first rendezvous and docking to Atlas/Agena in Earth orbit.
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- David R. Scott, What -- Titan, What -- Gemini 8, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3373
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In 1696, Robert Anderson, an Englishman, published a two-part treatise on how to make rocket molds, prepare propellants, and perform the calculations.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1872
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-42, Viewing earth with lots of snow, partial view of IML-1 (International Microgravity Laboratory) in cargo bay.
Topics: What -- STS-4, What -- Earth, What -- IML 1
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=44
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-49, the first flight of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour, lifted off from launch pad 39B on May 7, 1992 at 6:40 pm CDT. The STS-49 mission was the first U.S. orbital flight to feature 4 extravehicular activities (EVAs), and the first flight to involve 3 crew members working simultaneously outside of the spacecraft. The primary objective was the capture and redeployment of the INTELSAT VI (F-3), a communication satellite for the International Telecommunication Satellite organization,...
Topics: What -- STS-49, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- Titan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3668
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On the 500th arniversary of Christopher Columbus' discovery of the New World, replicas of his three ships sailed past the launch pad at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) while the space shuttle Columbia sat poised for lift off.
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, Where -- Columbus, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=473
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Mark Lee participates in the Nitrox breathing system test in Marshall's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=377
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The crew assigned to the STS-66 mission included (left to right) Jean-Francois Clervoy, mission specialist; Scott E. Parazynski, mission specialist; Curtis L. Brown, pilot; Joseph R. Tanner, mission specialist; Donald R. McMonagle, commander; and Ellen S. Ochoa, payload commander. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis on November 3, 1994 at 11:59:43 am (EST), the STS-66 mission?s primary payloads were the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science-3 (ATLAS-3) and Cryogenic...
Topics: What -- STS-66, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- Atlas 3, What -- Infrared...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3562
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Backdropped against the Earth, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST)is shown sporting new and modified solar arrays stowed against its barrel. Orbiting Earth at an altitude of 325 nautical miles, an astronaut begins other repairs of the HST while perched atop a foot restraint on shuttle Endeavour's remote manipulator system arm. The 59th and final Shuttle flight of 1993 was one of most challenging and complex marned missions ever attempted. During record five back-to-back space walks totaling 35...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-61
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2549
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), formerly Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), fully developed in orbit in a star field with Earth. In 1999, the AXAF was renamed the CXO in honor of the late Indian-American Novel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The CXO is the most sophisticated and the world's most powerful x-ray telescope ever built. It is designed to observe x-rays from high energy regions of the Universe, such as hot gas in the renmants of...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Visible Light, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1979
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The crew assigned to the STS-77 mission included (seated left to right) Curtis L. Brown, pilot; and John H. Casper, commander. Standing, left to right, are mission specialists Daniel W. Bursch, Mario Runco, Marc Garneau (CSA), and Andrew S. W. Thomas. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour on May 19, 1996 at 6:30:00 am (EDT), the STS-77 mission carried three primary payloads; the SPACEHAB-4 pressurized research module, the Inflatable Antenna Experiment (IAE) mounted on a Spartan 207...
Topics: Who -- Mario Runco, Who -- Marc Garneau, What -- STS-77, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3584
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Two versions of (PCAM) Protein Crystallization Apparatus for Microgravity, (DCAM) Diffusion Controled Crystallization Apparatus is in the (STES) Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System. Principal Investigator was Dan Carter.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=36
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-75 Shuttle Columbia Launch
Topics: What -- STS-75, What -- Columbia
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=66
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Advanced Space Transportation Group takes the future of space travel far into the 21st Century. Pictured is an artist's concept of a third generation Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV). Projected for the year 2025, this third generation RLV will introduce an era of space travel not unlike air travel today.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=575
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Mars Pathfinder began the journey to Mars with liftoff atop a Delta II expendable launch vehicle from launch Complex 17B on Cape Canaveral Air Station. The Mars Pathfinder traveled on a direct trajectory to Mars, and arrived there in July 1997. Mars Pathfinder sent a lander and small robotic rover, Sojourner, to the surface of Mars. The primary objective of the mission was to demonstrate a low-cost way of delivering a science package to the surface of Mars using a direct entry, descent and...
Topic: What -- Mars
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=631
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Workers at the Jet Propulsion Research Lab (JPL) in the Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility (PHSF) prepare the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft for transfer to the launch pad by placing it in a protective canister. The Surveyor spacecraft (upper) is already mated to its solid propellant upper stage booster (lower), which is actually the third stage of the Delta II expendable launch vehicle that will propel the spacecraft on its interplanetary journey to Mars.
Topics: What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars, Where -- Jet Propulsion...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=441
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronauts Jim Reilly and Bornie Dunbar are going through the Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) experiment procedures as they are expected to run in flight; to gain experience with the experiment equipment and to test the clarity and language of the procedures as written.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=241
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Donald Thomas conducts the Fertilization and Embryonic Development of Japanese Newt in Space (AstroNewt) experiment at the Aquatic Animal Experiment Unit (AAEU) inside the International Microgravity Laboratory-2 (IML-2) science module. The AstroNewt experiment aims to know the effects of gravity on the early developmental process of fertilized eggs using a unique aquatic animal, the Japanese red-bellied newt. The newt egg is a large single cell at the begirning of development. The...
Topics: Who -- Donald Thomas, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- IML 2, What -- STS-65, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2381
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Karen Swofford working on Aerogel Syringe Assemblies loading process into mixing carriages of the Aerogel Flight Unit.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=176
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Ring Flame Stabilizer has been developed in conjunction with Lewis Research Center. This device can lower pollutant emissions (which contribute to smog and air pollution) from natural-gas appliances such as furnaces and water heaters by 90 percent while improving energy efficiency by 2 percent.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=201
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Both (Porcine and bacterial) starch degrading enzymes highly valued by the biotechnology industry. (Porcine) A major target for protein engineering and the study of diabetes, obesity and dental care. (Bacterial) Major industrial and biotechnology interest used in brewing, baking, and food processing. World's number one industrial protein.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=231
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Pictured is the X-34 Demonstrator, part of the Pathfinder Program, being attached to an aircraft. After takeoff, the X-34 would be launched from the aircraft to begin its mission. The Pathfinder Program flight experiments would demonstrate a number of advanced launch vehicles and spacecraft technologies such as nontraditional propulsion systems, improvements and irnovations to conventional propulsion systems, safe abort capabilities, vehicle health management systems, composite structures, and...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2273
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Through Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Education Department, over 400 MSFC employees have volunteered to support educational program during regular work hours. Project LASER (Learning About Science, Engineering, and Research) provides support for mentor/tutor requests, education tours, classroom presentations, and curriculum development. This program is available to teachers and students living within commuting distance of the NASA/MSFC in Huntsville, Alabama (approximately 50-miles...
Topics: What -- Discovery, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=649
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the experimental Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV), the X-37 located in the cargo bay of a space shuttle with Earth in the background. The X-37 was designed to launch from the space shuttle's cargo bay as a secondary payload. Once deployed, the X-37 would remain on-orbit up to 21 days performing a variety of experiments before re-entering the Earth's atmosphere and landing. The X-37 program was discontinued in 2003.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2957
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The red light from the Light Emitting Diode (LED) probe shines through the fingers of Dr. Harry Whelan, a pediatric neurologist at the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin in Milwaukee. Dr. Whelan uses the long waves of light from the LED surgical probe to activate special drugs that kill brain tumors. Laser light previously has been used for this type of surgery, but the LED light illuminates through all nearby tissues, reaching parts of tumors that shorter wavelengths of laser light carnot. The...
Topics: What -- Cancer, Where -- Wisconsin, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1849
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun encouraged his laboratory directors and other managers at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to adopt a "hands-on" approach to managing the technical challenges they confronted in developing the Saturn rockets for the Marned Lunar Landing Program. He is shown here asking a question about welding in an MSFC manufacturing and engineering laboratory. This photograph was made on or about October 17, 1967.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1918
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Richard Milhous Nixon, What -- Apollo 11,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4023
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo Telescope Mount (ATM), designed and developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center, served as the primary scientific instrument unit aboard the Skylab. The ATM contained eight complex astronomical instruments designed to observe the Sun over a wide spectrum from visible light to x-rays. This image shows the ATM spar assembly. All solar telescopes, the fine Sun sensors, and some auxiliary systems are mounted on the spar, a cruciform lightweight perforated metal mounting panel that...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Sun, What -- Visible Light, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1262
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In one of the initial assembly steps for the Saturn IB launch vehicle's S-IB (first) stage, workers at the Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF) near New Orleans, Louisiana, complete the lower shroud assembly. Developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center and built by the Chrysler Corporation at Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), the S-IB utilized the eight H-1 engines and each produced 200,000 pounds of thrust, a combined thrust of 1,600,000 pounds.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where -- Louisiana, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1053
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Eberhard Rees surrounded by other rocket scientist in the blockhouse, a safe viewing area for rocket tests or launches, during a missile launch. Dr. Rees, Marshall's second Center Director (1970-1973), kept most of Von Braun's plans alive but also succeeded in bringing the Saturn program to forebearance.
Topic: What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=428
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1970 photograph shows the Skylab's Ultraviolet (UV) Spectrograph, an Apollo Telescope Mount instrument. Its telescope, with camera and TV capability, photographed the Sun in selected ultraviolet wavelengths. The spectrograph was used to record the spectrum of UV emissions, such as flares or filaments, from a small individual feature on the solar disc. Real-time TV was used by the crew to monitor the performance of the telescope, transmit to the ground, and record. The exposed films were...
Topics: What -- Sun, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1342
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1970 photograph shows Skylab's Microwave Radiometer/Scatterometer and Altimeter, one of the major components for an Earth Resources Experiment Package (EREP). It was designed to study varying ocean surface, soil erosion, sea and lake ice, snow cover, seasonal vegetational changes, flooding, rainfall and soil types. The overall purpose of the EREP was to test the use of sensors that operated in the visible, infrared, and microwave portions of the electromagnetic spectrum to monitor and...
Topics: What -- Altimeter, What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1358
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1970 photograph shows the flight unit for Skylab's White Light Coronagraph, an Apollo Telescope Mount (ATM) facility that photographed the solar corona in the visible light spectrum. A TV camera in the instrument provided real-time pictures of the occulted Sun to the astronauts at the control console and also transmitted the images to the ground. The Marshall Space Flight Center had program management responsibility for the development of Skylab hardware and experiments.
Topics: What -- Visible Light, What -- TV Camera, What -- Sun, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1344
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a photograph of a technician checking on a solar array wing for the Orbital Workshop as it is deployed. A solar array, consisting of two wings covered on one side with solar cells, was mounted outside the workshop to generate electrical power to augment the power generated by another solar array mounted on the solar observatory.
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1267
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Youngstown, Ohio high school student, W. Brian Dunlap (center), discusses with Dr. Robert Head (right), and Henry Floyd, both of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), his experiment to be performed aboard the Skylab the following year. His experiment, ?Wave Motion Trough A Liquid in Zero Gravity? used a container attached to the end of a leaf spring which was oscillated at specific rates using two thickness differentiated types of liquids. Dunlap was among 25 winners of a contest in which...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Ohio, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3322
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Pictured is a J-2 engine being processed at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). A single J-2 engine was utilized on the S-IVB stage, the second stage of the Saturn IB and the third stage of the Saturn V vehicles, while a cluster of five J-2 engines powered the second (S-II) stage of the Saturn V launch vehicle. The Saturn V was designed, developed, and tested by engineers at MSFC.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1085
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A Space Shuttle engine is shown being test fired at the Sternis, MS facility. MSFC was the managing facility for the Space Shuttle program.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=425
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Matthew Koss lectures middle-school students about materials science research in space during the U.S. Microgravity Payload-4 (USMP-4) mission (STS-87, Nov. 19 - Dec. 5, 1997) in the visitor's center set up by the Isothermal Dendritic Growth Experiment (IDGE) team at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)in Troy, NY. IDGE, flown on three Space Shuttle missions, is yielding new insights into virtually all industrially relevant metal and alloy forming operations. Photo credit: RPI
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-87
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=666
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Pratima Rao lectures students about materials science research in space during the U.S. Microgravity Payload-4 (USMP-4) mission (STS-87, Nov. 19 - Dec. 5, 1997) in the visitor's center set up by the Isothermal Dendritic Growth Experiment (IDGE) team at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) in Troy, NY. IDGE, flown on three Space Shuttle missions, is yielding new insights into virtually all industrially relevant metal and alloy forming operations. Photo credit: RPI
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-87
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=667
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The optical bench for the Fluid Integrated Rack section of the Fluids and Combustion Facility (FCF) is shown in its operational configuration. The FCF will be installed, in phases, in the Destiny, the U.S. Laboratory Module of the International Space Station (ISS), and will accommodate multiple users for a range of investigations. This is an engineering mockup; the flight hardware is subject to change as designs are refined. The FCF is being developed by the Microgravity Science Division (MSD)...
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- USERS, Where -- Glenn Research...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3107
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Interior lights give the Microgravity Science Glovebox (MSG) the appearance of a high-tech juke box. The European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA are developing the MSG for use aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Scientists will use the MSG to carry out multidisciplinary studies in combustion science, fluid physics and materials science. The MSG is managed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Photo Credit: NASA/MSFC
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=720
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The Saturn V vehicle, carrying the unmarned orbital workshop for the Skylab-1 mission, lifted off successfully and all systems performed normally. Sixty-three seconds into the flight, engineers in the operation support and control center saw an unexpected telemetry indication that signalled that damages occurred on one solar array and the micrometeoroid shield during the launch. The micrometeoroid shield, a thin protective cylinder surrounding the workshop protecting it from tiny space...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1311
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The International Space Station (ISS), with its newly attached U.S. Laboratory, Destiny, was photographed by a crew member aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis during a fly-around inspection after Atlantis separated from the Space Station. The Laboratory is shown in the foreground of this photograph. The American-made Destiny module is the cornerstone for space-based research aboard the orbiting platform and the centerpiece of the International Space Station (ISS), where unprecedented...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Destiny, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1633
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This chart describes the Skylab student experiment Web Formation. Judith S. Miles of Lexington High School, Lexington, Massachusetts, proposed a study of the spider's behavior in a weightless environment. The geometrical structure of the web of the orb-weaving spider provides a good measure of the condition of its central nervous system. Since the spider senses its own weight to determine the required thickness of web material and uses both the wind and gravity to initiate construction of its...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Earth, Where -- Massachusetts, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1418
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Students in the Young Astronaut Program at the Coca-Cola Space Science Center in Columbus, GA, constructed gloveboxes using the new NASA Student Glovebox Education Guide. The young astronauts used cardboard copier paper boxes as the heart of the glovebox. The paper boxes transformed into gloveboxes when the students pasted poster-pictures of an actual NASA microgravity science glovebox inside and outside of the paper boxes. The young astronauts then added holes for gloves and removable...
Topic: Where -- Columbus
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2103
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In this Space Shuttle STS-102 mission image, the Payload Equipment Restraint System (PERS) H-Strap is shown at the left side of the U.S. laboratory's hatch. PERS is an integrated modular system of components designed to assist the crew of the International Space Station (ISS) in restraining and carrying necessary payload equipment and tools in a microgravity environment. The Operations Development Group, Flight Projects Directorate at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), while providing...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-102, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1639
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This pencil sketch of the Comet Kohoutek made by Skylab-4 astronaut Edward Gibson illustrates the crew's collective impressions of the comet's appearance on December 29, 1973. An early discovery of a large comet in an orbit that would reach close to the Sun at the end of 1973 prompted NASA to initiate Operation Kohoutek, a program to coordinate widespread observations of the comet from ground observatories, aircraft, balloons, rockets, unmarned satellites, and Skylab.
Topics: Who -- Edward Gibson, What -- Skylab, What -- COMETS, What -- Discovery, What -- Sun
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1399
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Filled with anticipation, students from three Huntsville area high schools: Randolph, Sparkman, and Johnson High Schools, counted down to launch the rockets they designed and built at the Army test site on Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. The projected two-mile high launch culminated more than a year's work and demonstrated the student team's ability to meet the challenge set by the Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) Student Launch Initiative (SLI) program to apply science and math...
Topics: Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2324
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This image of the International Space Station (ISS) was photographed by one of the crewmembers of the STS-105 mission from the Shuttle Orbiter Discovery after deparating from the ISS. The STS-105 mission was the 11th ISS assembly flight and its goals were the rotation of the ISS Expedition Two crew with the Expedition Three crew, and the delivery of supplies utilizing the Italian-built Multipurpose Logistics Module (MPLM) Leonardo. Aboard Leonardo were six resupply stowage racks, four resupply...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-105, What -- Discovery
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2343
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Filled with anticipation, students from two local universities, the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), and Alabama Agricultural Mechanical University (AM), counted down to launch the rockets they designed and built at the Army test site on Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. The projected two-mile high launch culminated more than a year's work and demonstrated the student team's ability to meet the challenge set by the Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) Student Launch Initiative...
Topics: Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2321
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Filled with anticipation, students from two local universities, the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), and Alabama Agricultural Mechanical University (AM), counted down to launch the rockets they designed and built at the Army test site on Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. The projected two-mile high launch culminated more than a year's work and demonstrated the student team's ability to meet the challenge set by the Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) Student Launch Initiative...
Topics: Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2322
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The Avian Development Facility (ADF) supports 36 eggs in two carousels, one of which rotates to provide a 1-g control for comparing to eggs grown in microgravity. The ADF was designed to incubate up to 36 Japanese quail eggs, 18 in microgravity and 18 in artificial gravity. The two sets of eggs were exposed to otherwise identical conditions, the first time this is been accomplished in space. Eggs are preserved at intervals to provide snapshots of their development for later analysis. Quails...
Topic: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2680
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Students discuss fine points of their final design for the Drop Tower experiment during the second Dropping in a Microgravity Environment (DIME) competition held April 23-25, 2002, at NASA's Glenn Research Center. Competitors included two teams from Sycamore High School, Cincinnati, OH, and one each from Bay High School, Bay Village, OH, and COSI Academy, Columbus, OH. DIME is part of NASA's education and outreach activities. Details are on line at...
Topics: Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC), Where -- Columbus
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3096
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One of the final runs of the TEMPUS experiment shows heating of a sample on STS-94, July 15, 1997, MET:14/11:01 (approximate) and the flows on the surface. At the point this image was taken, the sample was in the process of melting. The surface of the sample is begirning to flow, looking like the motion of plate tectonics on the surface of a planet. During this mission, TEMPUS was able to run than 120 melting cycles with zirconium, with a maximum temperature of 2,000 degrees C, and was able to...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- Earth, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2671
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The Phantom Torso is a tissue-muscle plastic anatomical model of a torso and head. It contains over 350 radiation measuring devices to calculate the radiation that penetrates internal organs in space travel. The Phantom Torso is one of three radiation experiments in Expedition Two including the Borner Ball Neutron Detector and Dosimetric Mapping.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2890
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Students pause while waiting their turn at the 2.2-second Drop Tower during the second Dropping in a Microgravity Environment (DIME) competition held April 23-25, 2002, at NASA's Glenn Research Center. Competitors included two teams from Sycamore High School, Cincinnati, OH, and one each from Bay High School, Bay Village, OH, and COSI Academy, Columbus, OH. DIME is part of NASA's education and outreach activities. Details are on line at http://microgravity.grc.nasa.gov/DIME_2002.html.
Topics: Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC), Where -- Columbus
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3092
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Aboard the International Space Station (ISS), Expedition Seven crew members, Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, and Astronaut Edward T. Lu, had an outstanding opportunity to observe tropical storm Claudette as she turned into a hurricane and came ashore to their Houston home and other Texas areas. The storm produced winds of 80-85 mph gusting to 104 mph.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Opportunity, Where -- Texas
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2741
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Research at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center has resulted in a system for reading hidden identification codes using a hand-held magnetic scanner. It's an invention that could help businesses improve inventory management, enhance safety, improve security, and aid in recall efforts if defects are discovered. Two-dimensional Data Matrix symbols consisting of letters and numbers permanently etched on items for identification and resembling a small checkerboard pattern are more efficient and...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- California, Where -- New...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2940
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These 5 astronauts and cosmonaut, all members of the STS-112 mission, pose for a crew portrait. Pictured from left to right are: Astronauts Sandra H. Magnus, mission specialist; David A. Wolf, mission specialist; Pamela A. Melroy, pilot; Jeffrey S. Ashby, commander; Piers J. Sellers, mission specialist; and cosmonaut Fyodor Yurchikhin, mission specialist representing Rosaviakosmos. STS-112 launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis October 7, 2002 for an 11-day mission completing three sessions...
Topics: Who -- Fyodor Yurchikhin, What -- STS-110, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2813
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After five days of service and upgrade work on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), the STS-109 crew photographed the giant telescope returning to its normal routine. The telescope was captured and secured on a work stand in Columbia's payload bay using Columbia's robotic arm, where 4 of the 7-member crew performed 5 space walks completing system upgrades to the HST. Included in those upgrades were: The replacement of the solar array panels; replacement of the power control unit (PCU); replacement...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-109, What -- Faint...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2823
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The STS-90 crew patch reflects the dedication of the mission to neuroscience in celebration of the decade of the brain. Earth is revealed through a neuron-shaped window, which symbolizes new perspectives in the understanding of nervous system development, structure and function, both here on Earth and in the microgravity environment of space. The Space Shuttle Columbia is depicted with its open payload bay doors revealing the Spacelab within. An integral component of the mission, the...
Topics: What -- STS-90, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- INTEGRAL,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3611
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This is the STS-104 crew portrait. Seated with the crew insignia (left to right) are astronauts Charles O. Hobaugh, pilot; and Steven W. Lindsey, mission commander. Standing, from the left, are astronauts Michael L. Gernhardt, Janet L. Kavandi, and James F. Reilly, all mission specialists. Launched July 12, 2001 from Kennedy Launch Pad 39B at 5:03:59 am EDT, the crew of five served as the International Space Station (ISS) assembly flight, 7A. The primary payload of the mission was the Joint...
Topics: Who -- James F. Reilly, What -- STS-104, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2899
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These five STS-97 crew members posed for a traditional portrait during training. On the front row, left to right, are astronauts Michael J. Bloomfield, pilot; Marc Garneau, mission specialist representing the Canadian Space Agency (CSA); and Brent W. Jett, Jr., commander. In the rear, wearing training versions of the extravehicular mobility unit (EMU) space suits, (left to right) are astronauts Carlos I. Noriega, and Joseph R. Tarner, both mission specialists. The primary objective of the...
Topics: Who -- Michael J. Bloomfield, Who -- Marc Garneau, Who -- Brent W. Jett, Who -- Carlos I. Noriega,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2908
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Astronaut Shannon Lucid is seen egressing from a training version of a soyez spacecraft, during a water survival training session in Russia. In March of 1996, Lucid accompanied the STS-76 crew to the Russian space station, Mir, where she stayed for a little over four months before returning to Earth with the STS-79 crew.
Topics: Who -- Shannon Lucid, What -- STS-76, What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What -- Earth, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3858