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NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Janice Voss is opening the lid of the combustion chamber of the Combustion Module-1 during STS-94
Topics: Who -- Janice Voss, What -- STS-94
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=249
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Laminar Soot Processes (LSP) Experiment Mounting Structure (EMS) was used to conduct the LSP experiment on Combustion Module-1. The EMS was inserted into the nozzle on the EMS and ignited by a hot wire igniter. The flame and its soot emitting properties were studied.
Topic: What -- WIRE
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=251
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Glovebox Systems Engineer, Sam Ortega, explains how the microgravity glovebox works to 2 young MSFC Open House visitors.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=226
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Structure Of Flame Balls At Low Lewis-numbers (SOFBALL) Experiment Mounting Structure (EMS) was used to conduct the SOFBALL experiment on Combustion Module-1. The EMS was inserted into the CM-1 combustion chamber. The chamber was filled with a lean fuel/oxidizer mixture and a spark igniter on the EMS ignited the gas. Very small, weak flames, in the shape of spheres, were formed and studied.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=250
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Typical picture of a dendrite: Notice how the branch on the left has no arms coming off the top. This is because of the convective forces (hot liquid rises) that the top of the branch is not solidifying (growing arms) like the bottom, cooler area. The is a gravitational effect. This does not happen in space.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=224
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Combustion Module-1 was one of the most complex and technologically sophisticated pieces of hardware ever to be included as a part of a Spacelab mission. Shown here are the two racks which comprised CM-1, the rack on the right shows the combustion chamber with the Structure Of Flame Balls at Low Lewis-numbers (SOFBALL) experiment inside.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=246
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Technicians install the Laminar Soot Processes (LSP) experiment into the combustion chamber of Combustion Module-1. CM-1 was one of the most complex and technologically sophisticated pieces of hardware ever to be included as a part of a Spacelab mission.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=247
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This series of images, captured during the mission, shows the growth of a dendrite in the IDGE. Flown on STS-84 USMP-4.
Topic: What -- STS-84
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=225
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Roger Crouch performs a change-out of the experiment in the Combustion Module-1 combustion chamber during STS-94.
Topics: Who -- Roger Crouch, What -- STS-94
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=248
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Forced Flow Flame-Spreading Test was designed to study flame spreading over solid fuels when air is flowing at a low speed concurrent airflows, some materials are more flammable in microgravity than earth. 1.5 cm flame in microgravity that melts a polyethylene cylinder into a liquid ball.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=220
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph from CFM shows a candle flame burning over time in microgravity, it shows pieces of wax or soot moving through the flame about 25 seconds after ignition.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=217
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Jerome Apt works at the Extreme Temperature Translation Furnace.
Topics: Who -- Jerome Apt, What -- STS-79
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=212
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A computer model for the protein crystal trypanathione reductase, which is being studied in an effort to devise a treatment for Chaga's disease, a devastation illness caused by a parasite.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=214
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph from CFM is a candle flame burning over time in microgravity, it shows that the candle flame continues to grow and exhibits less soot.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=218
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Image taken during a ground based investigation of a methane-fueled laminar flame surrounded by co-flowing air. The flame was enclosed in a chamber, and the pressure reduced. As the pressure decreased, the velocity of the flow increased, causing the flame to change from a stabilized condition to near blow-out or extinction.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=219
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This colloidal system is a model used to study the fundamentals of solidification. A colloidal mixture of hard spheres dispersed in a liquid has started to form crystals. As the crystallites grow on earth they become heavier and fall to the bottom of the liquid, which disturbs their growth. When grown in microgravity the crystallites remain suspended in the liquid and grow much larger.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=222
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This wide view gives an overall perspective of the working environment of five astronauts and two guest researchers for 16 days in Earth-orbit. At work in support of the U.S. Microgravity Laboratory (USML-2) mission in this particular scene are astronaut Catherine G. Coleman, who busies herself at the glovebox, and payload specialist Fred. W. Leslie, monitoring the Surface-Tension-Driven Convection Experiment (STDCE).
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- STS-73
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=203
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Forced Flow Flame-Spreading Test was designed to study flame spreading over solid fuels when air is flowing at a low speed in the same direction as the flame spread. Previous research has shown that in low-speed concurrent airflows, some materials are more flammable in microgravity than earth. This image shows a 10-cm flame in microgravity that burns almost entirely blue on both sides of a thin sheet of paper. The glowing thermocouple in the lower half of the flame provides temperature...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=221
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Ronald M. Sega, payload commander, works in the glovebox facility in the Spacehab laboratory aboard the Earth-orbiting Space Shuttle Atlantis. The Spacehab facility was one f the busier research areas on Atlantis during the STS-76 mission. Also, some of the gear for transfer to Russia's Mir Space Station was stowed there prior to the March 23, 1996 docking of Atlantis.
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-76, What -- Russian Mir...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=211
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The purpose of the experiments for the Advanced Automated Directional Solidification Furnace (AADSF) is to determine how gravity-driven convection affects the composition and properties of alloys (mixtures of two or more materials, usually metal). During the USMP-4 mission, the AADSF will solidify crystals of lead tin telluride and mercury cadmium telluride, alloys of compound semiconductor materials used to make infrared detectors and lasers, as experiment samples. Although these materials are...
Topics: What -- Mercury, What -- STS-87
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=124
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-87 Onboard Photo: The U. S. Microgravity Payload-4 (USMP-4) is carried aboard multi-purpose experiment support structures mounted in the shuttle payload bay and sparning the width of the orbiter.
Topic: What -- STS-87
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=123
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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CGBA, a facility developed by BioServe Space Technologies, a NASA Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Space Center, allows a variety of sophisticated bioprocessing research to be performed using a common device. The Fluids Processing Apparatus is essentially a microgravity test tube that allows a variety of complex investigations to be performed in space. This is a glass barrel containing several chambers separated by rubber stoppers. Eight FPAs are placed together in a Group Activation Pack...
Topics: What -- STS-95, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=157
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Space Flight Center's researchers have conducted suborbital experiments with ZBLAN, an optical material capable of transmitting 100 times more signal and information than silica fibers. The next step is to process ZBLAN in a microgravity environment to stop the formation of crystallites, small crystals caused by a chemical imbalances. Scientists want to find a way to make ZBLAN an amorphous (without an internal shape) material. Producing a material such as this will have far-reaching...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=139
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Manual activation of 8 FPAs in an earlier version of the Group Activation Pack. The Fluids Processing Apparatus is essentially a microgravity test tube that allows a variety of complex investigations to be performed in space. Developed by BioServe Space Technologies, a NASA Commercial Space Center. Flown on STS-95.
Topic: What -- STS-95
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=158
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The goal of the ELF investigation is to improve our fundamental understanding of the effects of the flow environment on flame stability. The flame's stability refers to the position of its base and ultimately its continued existence. Combustion research focuses on understanding the important hidden processes of ignitions, flame spreading, and flame extinction. Understanding these processes will directly affect the efficiency of combustion operations in converting chemical energy to heat and...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=122
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Robert H. Goddard loading a 1918 version of the Bazooka of World War II. From 1930 to 1941, Dr. Goddard made substantial progress in the development of progressively larger rockets, which attained altitudes of 2400 meters, and refined his equipment for guidance and control, his techniques of welding, and his insulation, pumps, and other associated equipment. In many respects, Dr. Goddard laid the essential foundations of practical rocket technology
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=855
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Donald Gilles, the Discipline Scientist for Materials Science in NASA's Microgravity Materials Science and Applications Department, demonstrates to Carl Dohrman a model of dendrites, the branch-like structures found in many metals and alloys. Dohrman was recently selected by the American Society for Metals International as their 1999 ASM International Foundation National Merit Scholar. The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign freshman recently toured NASA's materials science...
Topics: Where -- Illinois, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=635
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Space Vacuum Epitaxy Center works with industry and government laboratories to develop advanced thin film materials and devices by utilizing the most abundant free resource in orbit: the vacuum of space. SVEC, along with its affiliates, is developing semiconductor mid-IR lasers for environmental sensing and defense applications, high efficiency solar cells for space satellite applications, oxide thin films for computer memory applications, and ultra-hard thin film coatings for wear resistance...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=628
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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SPD representative Steve Lambing shows the PentaPure water purification unit to some EAA visitors. The Microgravity Research and the Space Product Development Programs joined with the Johnson Space Center (JSC) for a first time ever ISS/Microgravity Research space-focused exhibit at Oshkosh AirVenture'99 from July 28-August 3, 1999. The Space Product Development (SPD) display included the STS-95 ASTROCULTURE training hardware used by John Glenn and his crewmates, a PentaPure water purfication...
Topics: Who -- John H. Glenn, What -- STS-95, Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3103
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Edward Snell, a National Research Council research fellow at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), prepares a protein crystal for analysis by x-ray crystallography as part of NASA's structural biology program. The small, individual crystals are bombarded with x-rays to produce diffraction patterns, a map of the intensity of the x-rays as they reflect through the crystal.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=824
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STEP will carry concentric test masses to Earth orbit to test a fundamental assumption underlying Einstein's theory of general relativity: that gravitational mass is equivalent to inertial mass. STEP is a 21st-century version of the test that Galileo is said to have performed by dropping a carnon ball and a musket ball simultaneously from the top of the Leaning Tower of Pisa to compare their accelerations. During the STEP experiment, four pairs of test masses will be falling around the Earth,...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Galileo
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=641
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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To the crystallographer, this may not be a diamond but it is just as priceless. A Lysozyme crystal grown in orbit looks great under a microscope, but the real test is X-ray crystallography. The colors are caused by polarizing filters. Proteins can form crystals generated by rows and columns of molecules that form up like soldiers on a parade ground. Shining X-rays through a crystal will produce a pattern of dots that can be decoded to reveal the arrangement of the atoms in the molecules making...
Topics: What -- Visible Light, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=637
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A section of the International Space Station truss assembly arrived at the Marshall Space Flight Center on NASA's Super Guppy cargo plane for structural and design testing as well as installation of critical flight hardware.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1655
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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These are images of CGEL-2 samples taken during STS-95. They show binary colloidal suspensions that have formed ordered crystalline structures in microgravity. In sample 5, there are more particles therefore, many, many crystallites (small crystals) form. In sample 6, there are less particles therefore, the particles are far apart and few, much larger crystallites form. The white object in the right corner of sample 5 is the stir bar used to mix the sample at the begirning of the mission.
Topic: What -- STS-95
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=632
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Cindy Barnes of University Space Research Association (USRA) at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center pipettes a protein solution in preparation to grow crystals as part of NASA's structural biology program. Research on Earth helps scientists define conditions and specimens they will use in space experiments.
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=828
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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During the STS-90 shuttle flight in April 1998, cultured renal cortical cells revealed new information about genes. Timothy Hammond, an investigator in NASA's microgravity biotechnology program was interested in culturing kidney tissue to study the expression of proteins useful in the treatment of kidney diseases. Protein expression is linked to the level of differentiation of the kidney cells, and Hammond had difficulty maintaining differentiated cells in vitro. Intrigued by the improvement in...
Topics: What -- STS-90, What -- RAT, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Russian Mir Space Station
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=642
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an image of a colloidal crystal from the CDOT-2 investigation flown on STS-95. There are so many colloidal particles in this sample that it behaves like a glass. In the laboratory on Earth, the sample remained in an amorphous state, showing no sign of crystal growth. In microgravity the sample crystallized in 3 days, as did the other glassy colloidal samples examined in the CDOT-2 experiment. During the investigation, crystallization occurred in samples that had a volume fraction...
Topics: What -- STS-95, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=633
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Space Vacuum Epitaxy Center works with industry and government laboratories to develop advanced thin film materials and devices by utilizing the most abundant free resource in orbit: the vacuum of space. SVEC, along with its affiliates, is developing semiconductor mid-IR lasers for environmental sensing and defense applications, high efficiency solar cells for space satellite applications, oxide thin films for computer memory applications, and ultra-hard thin film coatings for wear resistance...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=629
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Space Vacuum Epitaxy Center works with industry and government laboratories to develop advanced thin film materials and devices by utilizing the most abundant free resource in orbit: the vacuum of space. SVEC, along with its affiliates, is developing semiconductor mid-IR lasers for environmental sensing and defense applications, high efficiency solar cells for space satellite applications, oxide thin films for computer memory applications, and ultra-hard thin film coatings for wear resistance...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=627
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an image of the experiment hardware used for the CGEL-2 and CDOT-2 investigations flown on STS-95. Starting at the front and going clockwise are the electrical cables; the (3) PCMCIA hard drives, which store the experiment software and data; the sample cell holder foam, used to secure the sample cell holder in the glovebox; the laptop computer; a spare laser source detector module; sample cell holder with 4 sample cells; the power control box; the main module, which is used to conduct...
Topic: What -- STS-95
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=634
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Reduced-Gravity Program provides the unique weightless or zero-g environment of space flight for testing and training of human and hardware reactions. The reduced-gravity environment is obtained with a specially modified KC-135A turbojet transport which flies parabolic arcs to produce weightless periods of 20 to 25 seconds. KC-135A cargo bay test area is approximately 60 feet long, 10 feet wide, and 7 feet high. The image shows KC-135A in flight.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=643
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The USMP mission series pioneered sophisticated telescience technology to control experiments in the open cargo bay of the space shuttle. At Kennedy Space Center, the system of trusses that supported the USMP-4 experiments was loaded into the cargo bay. The bay doors were closed during launch but were opened in orbit.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=639
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a computer generated image of a Shuttle in flight utilizing 2nd Generation Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) with flyback boosters, a futuristic concept that is currently undergoing study by NASA's Space Launch Initiative (SLI) Propulsion Office, managed by the Marshall Space Fight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, working in conjunction with the Agency's Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio. Currently, after providing thrust to the Space Shuttle, the solid rocket boosters are parachuted...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC), Where -- Ohio
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3120
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The USMP mission series pioneered sophisticated telescience technology to control experiments in the open cargo bay of the space shuttle. At Kennedy Space Center, the system of trusses that supported the USMP-4 experiments was loaded into the cargo bay. The bay doors were closed during launch but were opened in orbit.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=640
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Technology derived by NASA for monitoring control gyros in the Skylab program is directly applicable to the problems of fault detection of railroad wheel bearings. Marhsall Space Flight Center's scientists have developed a detection concept based on the fact that bearing defects excite resonant frequency of rolling elements of the bearing as they impact the defect. By detecting resonant frequency and subsequently analyzing the character of this signal, bearing defects may be detected and...
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=645
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an extraordinary first image from the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), the supernova remnant Cassiopeia A, tracing the aftermath of a gigantic stellar explosion in such sturning detail that scientists can see evidence of what may be a neutron star or black hole near the center. The red, green, and blue regions in this image of the supernova remnant Cassiopeia A show where the intensity of low, medium, and high energy X-rays, respectively, is greatest. The red material on the left outer...
Topics: What -- Cassiopeia, What -- Spectrometer
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2002
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Originally devised to observe Saturn stage separation during Apollo flights, Marshall Space Flight Center's Miniature Television Camera, measuring only 4 x 3 x 1 1/2 inches, quickly made its way to the commercial telecommunications market.
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- TV Camera, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=646
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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During the Apollo era Marshall Space Flight Center's engineers developed the Magnetomotive Hammer to remove distortions from Saturn V bulkhead gore segments. Using an intense magnetic field, the Hammer removed manufacturing distortions from rejected segments which otherwise would have been discarded at a cost of $30,000 each. Various automobile, ship and aircraft manufacturers adoped the technology for commercial use.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=644
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The same rocket fuel that helps power the Space Shuttle as it thunders into orbit will now be taking on a new role, with the potential to benefit millions of people worldwide. Leftover rocket fuel from NASA is being used to make a flare that destroys land mines where they were buried, without using explosives. The flare is safe to handle and easy to use. People working to deactivate the mines simply place the flare next to the uncovered land mine and ignite it from a safe distance using a...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Utah
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1904
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The same rocket fuel that helps power the Space Shuttle as it thunders into orbit will now be taking on a new role, with the potential to benefit millions of people worldwide. Leftover rocket fuel from NASA is being used to make a flare that destroys land mines where they were buried, without using explosives. The flare is safe to handle and easy to use. People working to deactivate the mines simply place the flare next to the uncovered land mine and ignite it from a safe distance using a...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Utah
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1905
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows an overall view of the Solar Thermal Propulsion Test Facility at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The 20-by 24-ft heliostat mirror, shown at the left, has dual-axis control that keeps a reflection of the sunlight on an 18-ft diameter concentrator mirror (right). The concentrator mirror then focuses the sunlight to a 4-in focal point inside the vacuum chamber, shown at the front of concentrator mirror. Researchers at MSFC have designed, fabricated, and tested the...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2211
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Researchers at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) have designed, fabricated, and tested the first solar thermal engine, a non-chemical rocket engine that produces lower thrust but has better thrust efficiency than a chemical combustion engine. MSFC turned to solar thermal propulsion in the early 1990s due to its simplicity, safety, low cost, and commonality with other propulsion systems. Solar thermal propulsion works by acquiring and redirecting solar energy to heat a propellant. This...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2215
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Chandra X-Ray Observatory image of the mysterious superstar Eta Carinae reveals a surprising hot irner core, creating more questions than answers for astronomers. The image shows three distinct structures: An outer, horseshoe shaped ring about 2 light-years in diameter, a hot inner core about 3 light-months in diameter, and a hot central source less than a light-month in diameter which may contain the superstar. In 1 month, light travels a distance of approximately 489 billion miles (about...
Topic: What -- SIRIUS
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2000
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The red light from the Light Emitting Diode (LED) probe shines through the fingers of Dr. Harry Whelan, a pediatric neurologist at the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin in Milwaukee. Dr. Whelan uses the long waves of light from the LED surgical probe to activate special drugs that kill brain tumors. Laser light previously has been used for this type of surgery, but the LED light illuminates through all nearby tissues, reaching parts of tumors that shorter wavelengths of laser light carnot. The...
Topics: What -- Cancer, Where -- Wisconsin, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1849
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A crew member of the STS-93 mission took this photograph of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, still attached to the Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), backdropped against the darkness of space not long after its release from Orbiter Columbia. Two firings of an attached IUS rocket placed the Observatory into its working orbit. The primary duty of the crew of this mission was to deploy the 50,162-pound Observatory, the world's most powerful x-ray telescope.
Topics: What -- STS-93, What -- Columbia
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1999
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Harnessing the Sun's energy through Solar Thermal Propulsion will propel vehicles through space by significantly reducing weight, complexity, and cost while boosting performance over current conventional upper stages. Another solar powered system, solar electric propulsion, demonstrates ion propulsion is suitable for long duration missions. Pictured is an artist's concept of space flight using solar thermal propulsion.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=580
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured here is an artist's concept of the experimental X-33 in-flight. The X-33 program was designed to pave the way to a full-scale commercially developed, reusable launch vehicle (RLV). The program that will put the U.S. on a path toward safe, affordable, reliable access to space by providing the latest technology was ready for space flight. The X-33 is the flagship technology demonstrator for technologies that will dramatically lower the cost of access to space. The X-33 program was...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2255
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In the 1960's U.S. Government laboratories, under Project Orion, investigated a pulsed nuclear fission propulsion system. Small nuclear pulse units would be sequentially discharged from the aft end of the vehicle. A blast shield and shock absorber system would protect the crew and convert the shock loads into a continuous propusive force.
Topic: What -- Orion
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=704
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is the X-34 Demonstrator parked on the runway. Part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-34 was a reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center to demonstrate technologies that are essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2265
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is a component of the Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) engine. This engine was designed to ultimately serve as the near term basis for Two Stage to Orbit (TSTO) air breathing propulsion systems and ultimately a Single Stage to Orbit (SSTO) air breathing propulsion system.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=584
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This picture is an artist's concept of an orbiting vehicle using the Electrodynamic Tethers Propulsion System. Relatively short electrodynamic tethers can use solar power to push against a planetary magnetic field to achieve propulsion without the expenditure of propellant.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1728
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In the 1960's U.S. Government laboratories, under Project Orion, investigated a pulsed nuclear fission propulsion system. Based on Project Orion, an interplanetary vehicle using pulsed fission propulsion would incorporate modern technologies for momentum transfer, thermal management, and habitation design.
Topic: What -- Orion
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=706
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is NASA's poster art for the X-34 technology Demonstrator. The X-34 was part of NASA's Pathfinder Program which demonstrated advanced space transportation technologies through the use of flight experiments and experimental vehicles. These technology demonstrators and flight experiments would support the Agency's goal of dramatically reducing the cost of access to space and would define the future of space transportation pushing technology into a new era of space development and...
Topic: What -- Dawn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2274
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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It is predicted that by the year 2040, there will be no distinction between a commercial airliner and a commercial launch vehicle. Fourth Generation Reusable Launch Vehicles (RLVs) will be so safe and reliable that no crew escape system will be necessary. Every year there will be in excess of 10,000 flights and the turn-around time between flights will be just hours. The onboard crew will be able to accomplish a launch without any assistance from the ground. Provided is an artist's concept of...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2959
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's collage of every phase of an X-34 Demonstrator's flight, from launch to landing. An X-34 was launched from an airplane, then proceeded to obtain an on-orbit altitude where it could remain for up to 21 days performing various experiments. At the conclusion of its mission, the X-34 returned to the Earth's atmosphere for a runway landing. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2262
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's interpretation of a future launch complex for third generation propulsion reusable launch vehicles such as the X-33. The X-33 is a sub-scale technology demonstrator prototype of a Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV), with a vertical take off / horizontal landing (lifting body) concept, which was manufactured and named as the Venture Star by Lockheed Martin. The X-33 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2254
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) launch. The RBCC's overall objective is to provide a technology test bed to investigate critical technologies associated with opperational usage of these engines. The program will focus on near term technologies that can be leveraged to ultimately serve as the near term basis for Two Stage to Orbit (TSTO) air breathing propulsions systems and ultimately a Single Stage To Orbit (SSTO) air breathing propulsion system.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=582
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The X-34 demonstrator is shown being taken out of its hanger and placed on the tarmac. The X-34 was classified as part of the Pathfinder class demonstrators which include small experimental vehicles or less expensive flight experiments. These demonstrators were driven by technology and were executed every one to two years. They were done quickly, for low cost, and for a wide range of technologies and applications. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2264
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of an orbiting space vehicle in the Jovian system using an electrodynamic tether propellantless propulsion system. Electrodynamic tethers offer the potential to greatly extend and enhance future scientific missions to Jupiter and the Jovian system. Like Earth, Jupiter posses a strong magnetic field and a significant magnetosphere. This may make it feasible to operate electrodynamic tethers for propulsion and power generation.
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=581
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Boussard Interstellar Ramjet engine concept uses interstellar hydrogen scooped up from its environment as the spacecraft passes by to provide propellant mass. The hydrogen is then ionized and then collected by an electromagentic field. In this image, an onboard laser is uded to heat the plasma, and the laser or electron beam is used to trigger fusion pulses thereby creating propulsion.
Topic: What -- Beam
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=585
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Looking like an alien space ship or a flying saucer the Microwave Lightcraft is an unconventional launch vehicle approach for delivering payload to orbit using power transmitted via microwaves. Microwaves re beamed from either a ground station or an orbiting solar power satellite to the lightcraft. The energy received breaks air molecules into a plasma and a magnetohydrodynamic fanjet provides the lifting force. Only a small amount of propellant is required for circulation, attitude control and...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=583
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In the 1960's U.S. Government laboratories, under Project Orion, investigated a pulsed nuclear fission propulsion system. Small nuclear pulse units would be sequentially discharged from the aft end of the vehicle. A blast shield and shock absorber system would protect the crew and convert the shock loads into a continuous propulsive force.
Topic: What -- Orion
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=705
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the International Space Station (ISS) with solar panels fully deployed. In addition to the use of solar energy, the ISS will employ at least three types of propulsive support systems for its operation. The first type is to reboost the Station to correct orbital altitude to offset the effects of atmospheric and other drag forces. The second function is to maneuver the ISS to avoid collision with oribting bodies (space junk). The third is for attitude control to...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=742
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Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured in the high bay, is the X-34 Technology Demonstrator in the process of completion. The X-34 wass part of NASA's Pathfinder Program which demonstrated advanced space transportation technologies through the use of flight experiments and experimental vehicles. These technology demonstrators and flight experiments supported the Agency's goal of dramatically reducing the cost of access to space and defined the future of space transportation pushing technology into a new era of space...
Topic: What -- Dawn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2954
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept depicts the X-34 Demonstrator in flight. Part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-34 was a reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2269