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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An array of components in a laboratory at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) is being tested by the Flight Mechanics Office to develop an integrated navigation system for the second generation reusable launch vehicle. The laboratory is testing Global Positioning System (GPS) components, a satellite-based location and navigation system, and Inertial Navigation System (INS) components, sensors on a vehicle that determine angular velocity and linear acceleration at various points. The GPS...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2490
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Millions of people on Earth watched via television as a message for all mankind was delivered to the Mare Tranquilitatis (Sea of Tranquility) region of the Moon during the historic Apollo 11 mission, where it still remains today. This commemorative plaque, attached to the leg of the Lunar Module (LM), Eagle, is engraved with the following words: ?Here men from the planet Earth first set foot upon the Moon July, 1969 A.D. We came in peace for all of mankind.? It bears the signatures of the...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Richard M. Nixon, What -- Earth, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4086
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Five astronauts launched aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia on January 9, 1990 at 7:35:00am (EST) for the STS-32 mission. The crew included David C. Brandenstein, commander; James D. Weatherbee, pilot; and mission specialists Marsha S. Ivins, G. David Low, and Bonnie J. Dunbar. Primary objectives of the mission were the deployment of the SYNCOM IV-F5 defense communications satellite and the retrieval of NASA?s Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF).
Topics: Who -- Bonnie J. Dunbar, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-32
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3441
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Space Shuttle Atlantis, STS-110 mission, deployed this railcar, called the Mobile Transporter, and an initial 43-foot section of track, the S0 (S-zero) truss, preparing the International Space Station (ISS) for future spacewalks. The first railroad in space, the Mobile Transporter will allow the Station's robotic arm to travel up and down the finished truss for future assembly and maintenance. The 27,000-pound S0 truss is the first of 9 segments that will make up the Station's external...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-110, What -- International Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2401
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut John M. Grunsfeld, STS-109 payload commander, uses virtual reality hardware at Johnson Space Center to rehearse some of his duties prior to the STS-109 mission. The most familiar form of virtual reality technology is some form of headpiece, which fits over your eyes and displays a three dimensional computerized image of another place. Turn your head left and right, and you see what would be to your sides; turn around, and you see what might be sneaking up on you. An important part of...
Topics: What -- STS-109, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2516
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photo (a frontal view) is of one of many segments of the Eastman-Kodak mirror assembly being tested for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) project at the X-Ray Calibration Facility at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). MSFC is supporting Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) in developing the JWST by taking numerous measurements to predict its future performance. The tests are conducted in a vacuum chamber cooled to approximate the super cold temperatures found in space. During its 27...
Topics: Who -- James E. Webb, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Constellation, What -- Imager,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2688
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-102 mission astronaut Susan J. Helms translates along the longerons of the Space Shuttle Discovery during the first of two space walks. During this walk, the Pressurized Mating Adapter 3 was prepared for repositioning from the Unity Module's Earth-facing berth to its port-side berth to make room for the Leonardo multipurpose Logistics Module (MPLM), supplied by the Italian Space Agency. The Leonardo MPLM is the first of three such pressurized modules that will serve as the International...
Topics: Who -- Susan Helms, What -- STS-102, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2837
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Five astronauts and two payload specialists take a break in training for the Neurolab mission to pause for a crew portrait. The Spacelab mission was conducted aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia on STS-90 which launched on April 17, 1998. Astronauts Richard A. Searfoss, commander (right front); and Scott D. Altman, pilot (left front). Other crew members (back row, left to right) are James A. (Jim) Pawelczyk, Ph.D., payload specialist; and astronauts Richard M. Linnehan, Kathryn P. Hire, and...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-90
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3610
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In the clustering procedure, an initial assembly step for the first stage (S-IB stage) of the Saturn IB launch vehicle, workers at the Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF) near New Orleans, Louisiana, place the first of eight outboard fuel tanks next to the central liquid-oxygen tank of the S-IB stage. Developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and built by the Chrysler Corporation at MAF, the S-IB stage utilized eight H-1 engines to produce a combined thrust of 1,600,000 pounds.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where -- Louisiana, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1049
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this Apollo 17 onboard photo, a Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) is parked beside a huge boulder near the Valley of Tourus-Litttrow on the lunar surface. The seventh and last manned lunar landing and return to Earth mission, the Apollo 17, carrying a crew of three astronauts: Mission Commander Eugene A. Cernan; Lunar Module pilot Harrison H. Schmitt; and Command Module pilot Ronald E. Evans, lifted off on December 7, 1972 from the Kennedy Space Flight Center (KSC). Scientific objectives of the...
Topics: What -- Apollo 17, What -- Earth, What -- Taurus, What -- LACE, Where -- The Valley, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2975
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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As early as September 1972, the Marshall Space Flight Center arnounced plans for a series of 20 water-entry simulation tests with a solid-fueled rocket casing assembly. The tests would provide valuable data for assessment of solid rocket booster parachute water recovery and aid in preliminary solid rocket motor design.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1962
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Artist's digital concept of the International Space Station (ISS), a gateway to permanent human presence in space, after all assembly is completed in Year 2003. The Station will be powered by almost an acre of solar panels and have a mass of almost one million pounds. Station modules are being provided by the United States, Russia, Japan, and Europe. Canada is providing a mechanical arm and Canada Hand. Sixteen countries are cooperating to provide a multidisciplinary laboratory, technology test...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- United States of America, Where -- Russia,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=736
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Jimmy Grisham of the Microgravity Program Plarning Integration Office at NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), demonstrates the classroom-size Microgravity Drop Tower Demonstrator. This apparatus provides 1/6 second of microgravity for small experiments. A video camera helps teachers observe what happens inside the package. This demonstration was at the April 2000 conference of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) in Chicago. Photo credit: NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Chicago
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=676
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This STS-80 onboard photograph shows the Orbiting Retrievable Far and Extreme Ultraviolet Spectrometer-Shuttle Pallet Satellite II (ORFEUS-SPAS II), photographed during approach by the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia for retrieval. Built by the German Space Agency, DARA, the ORFEUS-SPAS II, a free-flying satellite, was dedicated to astronomical observations at very short wavelengths to: investigate the nature of hot stellar atmospheres, investigate the cooling mechanisms of white dwarf stars,...
Topics: What -- STS-80, What -- Spectrometer, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Moon
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2377
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Travel to distant stars is a long-range goal of Marshall Space Flight Center's Advanced Concept Group. One of the many propulsion systems currently being studied is fusion power. The objective of this and many other alternative propulsion systems is to reduce the costs of space access and to reduce the travel time for planetary missions. One of the major factors is providing an alternate engery source for these missions. Pictured is an artist's concept of future interplanetary space flight...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=578
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Framed by the Vehicle Assembly Building at right and the Mate-Demate Device at left, the Space Shuttle orbiter Columbia (STS-94) glided onto Runway 33 of Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility. On board for the reflight of STS-83 were a crew of seven and the Microgravity Science Laboratory-1 (MSL-1)which was managed by scientists and engineers from the Marshall Space Flight Center. Mission STS-94 marked the 23rd flight of Columbia and the 85th mission flown since the start of the Space...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-83, What -- MSL 1, What -- STS-94,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=560
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 7-year journey to Saturn began with the liftoff of a Titan IVB/Centaur carrying the Cassini orbiter and its attached Huygens probe. After a 2.2-billion mile journey that included two swingbys of Venus and one of Earth to gain additional velocity, the two-story tall spacecraft will arrive at Saturn in July 2004. The orbiter will circle the planet for 4 years, its compliment of 12 scientific instruments gathering data about Saturn's atmosphere, rings and magnetosphere, and conducting close-up...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Titan, What -- Cassini, What -- Huygens Probe, What -- Venus, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1627
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph, taken by the Boeing Company,shows Boeing technicians preparing to install one of six hatches or doors to the Node 1 (also called Unity), the first U.S. Module for the International Space Station (ISS). The Node 1, or Unity, serves as a cornecting passageway to Space Station modules and was manufactured by the Boeing Company at the Marshall Space Flight Center from 1994 to 1997. The U.S. built Unity module was launched aboard the orbiter Endeavour (STS-88 mission) on December 4,...
Topics: What -- Unity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Endeavour, What -- STS-88, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1600
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Pregnant Guppy is a modified Boeing B-377 Stratocruiser used to transport the S-IV (second) stage for the Saturn I launch vehicle between manufacturing facilities on the West coast, and testing and launch facilities in the Southeast. The fuselage of the B-377 was lengthened to accommodate the S-IV stage and the plane's cabin section was enlarged to approximately double its normal volume. The idea was originated by John M. Conroy of Aero Spaceliners, Incorporated, in Van Nuys, California....
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1102
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Wendy B. Lawrence, flight engineer and mission specialist for STS-67, scribbles notes on the margin of a checklist while monitoring an experiment on the Space Shuttle Endeavour's mid-deck. The experiment is the Protein Crystal Growth (PCG), which takes up locker space near the Commercial Materials Dispersion Apparatus Instruments Technology Associates Experiment (CMIX).
Topics: What -- STS-6, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=353
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is a component of the Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) engine. This engine was designed to ultimately serve as the near term basis for Two Stage to Orbit (TSTO) air breathing propulsion systems and ultimately a Single Stage to Orbit (SSTO) air breathing propulsion system.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=584
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Schematic of Electrostatic Levitator (ESL) electrodes and controls system. The ESL uses static electricity to suspend an object (about 2-3 mm in diameter) inside a vacuum chamber while a laser heats the sample until it melts. This lets scientists record a wide range of physical properties without the sample contacting the container or any instruments, conditions that would alter the readings. The Electrostatic Levitator is one of several tools used in NASA's microgravity materials science...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=788
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Optical prots ring the Electrostatic Levitator (ESL) vacuum chamber to admit light from the heating laser (the beam passes through the window at left), poisitioning lasers (one port is at center), and lamps (arc lamp at right), and to allow diagnostic instruments to view the sample. The ESL uses static electricity to suspend an object (about 2-3 mm in diameter) inside a vacuum chamber while a laser heats the sample until it melts. This lets scientists record a wide range of physical properties...
Topic: What -- Beam
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=791
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Cadmium selenium Quantum Dots (QDs) are metal nanoparticles that fluoresce in a variety of colors determined by their size. QDs are solid state structures made of semiconductors or metals that confine a countable, small number of electrons into a small space. The confinement of electrons is achieved by the placement of some insulating material(s) around a central, well conducted region. Coupling QDs with antibodies can be used to make spectrally multiplexed immunoassays that test for a number...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3906
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA?s Virtual Glovebox (VGX) was developed to allow astronauts on Earth to train for complex biology research tasks in space. The astronauts may reach into the virtual environment, naturally manipulating specimens, tools, equipment, and accessories in a simulated microgravity environment as they would do in space. Such virtual reality technology also provides engineers and space operations staff with rapid prototyping, planning, and human performance modeling capabilities. Other Earth based...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3960
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the STS-116 Crew Portrait. Pictured on the front row from left to right are: William Oefelein, pilot; Joan Higginbotham, mission specialist; and Mark Polansky, commander. On the back row, left to right, are: Robert Curbeam, Nicholas Patrick, Sunita Williams, and the European Space Agency?s Christer Fuglesang, all mission specialists. Williams joined Expedition 14 in progress to serve as flight engineer aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Launched aboard the Space Shuttle...
Topics: Who -- William Oefelein, Who -- Joan Higginbotham, Who -- Mark Polansky, Who -- Robert Curbeam, Who...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3917
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit photographed a cube shaped wire frame supporting a thin film made from a water-soap solution during his Saturday Morning Science aboard the International Space Station?s (ISS) Destiny Laboratory. Food coloring was added to several faces to observe the effects of diffusion within the film.
Topics: What -- WIRE, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Destiny
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3905
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Under the goals of the Vision for Space Exploration, Ares I is a chief component of the cost-effective space transportation infrastructure being developed by NASA's Constellation Program. This transportation system will safely and reliably carry human explorers back to the moon, and then onward to Mars and other destinations in the solar system. The Ares I effort includes multiple project element teams at NASA centers and contract organizations around the nation, and is managed by the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Ares Launch Vehicles, What -- Constellation, What -- Moon,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4183
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Saturn Project was approved on January 18, 1960 as a program of the highest national priority. The formal test program, to prove out the clustered-booster concept, was well underway at Redstone Arsenal. This photograph depicts a mockup of the Saturn booster (S-I stage) being installed in the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) test stand, on January 19, 1960, to check mating of the booster and stand and servicing methods.
Topic: What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1004
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The physics and astronomy satellite Beacon, the Payload for Juno II (AM-19B). The AM-19B mission was unsuccessful.
Topic: What -- Beacon
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=891
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Saturn Project was approved on January 18, 1960 as a program of the highest national priority. The formal test program to prove out the clustered-booster concept was well underway. A series of static tests of the Saturn I booster (S-I stage) began June 3, 1960 at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). This photograph depicts the Saturn I S-I stage equipped with eight H-1 engines, being successfully test-fired for the duration of 121 seconds on June 15, 1960.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1009
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image illustrates technicians working on a full scale engineering mock-up of a Saturn V S-IC stage thrust structure nearing completion at the Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory at Marshall Space Flight Center. The booster, 33 feet in diameter and 138 feet long, was powered by five F-1 engines that provided 7,500,000 pounds of thrust to start the monstrous vehicle on its journey into space.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1132
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Test firing of the Saturn I S-I Stage (S-1-10) at the Marshall Space Flight Center. This test stand was originally constructed in 1951 and sometimes called the Redstone or T tower. In l961, the test stand was modified to permit static firing of the S-I/S-IB stages, which produced a total thrust of 1,600,000 pounds. The name of the stand was then changed to the S-IB Static Test Stand.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1019
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The static firing of a Saturn F-1 engine at the Marshall Space Flight Center's Static Test Stand. The F-1 engine is a single-start, 1,5000,000 Lb fixed-thrust, bipropellant rocket system. The engine uses liquid oxygen as the oxidizer and RP-1 (kerosene) as fuel. The five-engine cluster used on the first stage of the Saturn V produces 7,500,000 lbs of thrust.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1016
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image depicts the tension in the Launch Control Center of the Launch Complex 37 at Cape Canaveral, Florida, during the SA-8 on May 25, 1965. Pointing, center is Dr. Kurt Debus, Director, Launch Operations Directorate, MSFC. To the right is Dr. Hans Gruene, Deputy Director, Launch Operations Directorate, MSFC; Dr. von Braun, Director, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC); and leaning, Dr. Eberhard Rees, Director, Deputy Director for Research and Development, MSFC. The SA-8 mission, with a...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Pegasus, Where -- Florida, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=944
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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S-IB-1, the first flight version of the Saturn IB launch vehicle's first stage (S-IB stage), undergoes a full-duration static firing in Saturn IB static test stand at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) on April 13, 1965. Developed by the MSFC and built by the Chrysler Corporation at the Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF) in New Orleans, Louisiana, the 90,000-pound booster utilized eight H-1 engines to produce a combined thrust of 1,600,000 pounds. Between April 1965 and July 1968, MSFC...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1044
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Charles Cochran charts the progress of a test being conducted in Marshall Space Flight Center?s (MSFC) Space Sciences Laboratory for center director, Dr. Wernher von Braun.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3264
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Sitting on the lunar surface, this magnetometer provided new data on the Moon?s magnetic field. This was one of the instruments used during the Apollo 12 mission. The second manned lunar landing mission, Apollo 12 launched from launch pad 39-A at Kennedy Space Center in Florida on November 14, 1969 via a Saturn V launch vehicle. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. Aboard Apollo 12 was a crew of three...
Topics: Who -- Richard Gordon, What -- Magnetometer, What -- Apollo 12, What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3028
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph was taken after Dr. von Braun moved from his post as Director of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to Deputy Associate Administrator for Planning at NASA Headquarters. On June 27, 1970, he visited the MSFC again during the center?s 10th anniversary to look at a mockup of the spacecraft that would later be known as Skylab. In this photo, he is examining an experiment in the mockup. With von Braun are (left to right): James R. Thompson, Richard T. Heckman, and Jack Stokes of...
Topics: Who -- James R. Thompson, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3235
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo Telescope Mount (ATM), one of four major components comprising Skylab, was designed and developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center. Power to operate the ATM's instruments and experiments was collected by four solar arrays, capable of producing up to 1.1 kilowatts of electricity. This is a photograph of the ATM Solar Array flight unit 1 in the deployed position.
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1292
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows technicians performing a checkout of the Metabolic Analyzer (center background) and the Ergometer (foreground) in the Orbital Workshop (OWS). The shower compartment is at right. The Ergometer (Skylab Experiment M171) evaluated man's metabolic effectiveness and cost of work in space environment. Located in the experiment and work area of the OWS, the shower compartment was a cylindrical cloth enclosure that was folded flat when not in use. The bottom ring of the shower was...
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1293
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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San Antonio, Texas high school student, Terry C. Quist, is greeted by (left to right): Astronauts Russell L. Schweickart, and Owen K. Garriott; Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Skylab Program Manager, Leland Belew; and MSFC Director of Administration and Technical Services, David Newby, during a tour of MSFC. Quist was among 25 winners of a contest in which some 3,500 high school students proposed experiments for the following year?s Skylab mission. The nationwide scientific competition was...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Texas, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3297
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph is of the High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)-2 telescope being evaluated by engineers in the clean room of the X-Ray Calibration Facility at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The MSFC was heavily engaged in the technical and scientific aspects, testing and calibration, of the HEAO-2 telescope The HEAO-2 was the first imaging and largest x-ray telescope built to date. The X-Ray Calibration Facility was built in 1976 for testing MSFC's HEAO-2. The facility is the...
Topics: What -- HEAO 2, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1549
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a double exposure of the Shuttle Orbiter Enterprise on the strong back of the Dynamic Test Stand at Marshall Space Flight Center's building 4550 as it undergoes a Mated Vertical Ground Vibration Test (MVGVT). One exposure depicts a sunset view, while the other depicts a post-sunset view.
Topics: What -- Enterprise, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1769
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The first light weight external tank (LWT) for the STS-3 mission was moved to the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at the Kennedy Space Center. In VAB the LWT would be mated with the Space Shuttle orbiter Columbia and solid rocket boosters. The LWT, unpainted external tank (ET) saved 6,000 pounds in the Shuttle liftoff weight. The giant cylinder, higher than a 15-story building, with a length of 154-feet (47-meters) and a diameter of 27.5-feet (8.4-meters), is the largest single piece of the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Advanced Communication Technology...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1674
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This drawing illustrates the Hubble Space Telescope's (HST's), Faint Object Spectrograph (FOS). The HST's two spectrographs, the Goddard High-Resolution Spectrograph and the FOS, can detect a broader range of wavelengths than is possible from the Earth because there is no atmosphere to absorb certain wavelengths. Scientists can determine the chemical composition, temperature, pressure, and turbulence of the stellar atmosphere producing the light, all from spectral data. The FOC can detect...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- COMETS,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1699
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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James R. Thompon served as director of the Marshall Space Flight Center from September 29, 1986 until July 6, 1989, when he was appointed as NASA Deputy Administrator. Prior to his tenure as Marshall's Director, Thompson served from March to June 1986 as the vice-chairman of the NASA task force investigating the cause of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident. He was credited with playing a significant role in returning the Space Shuttle to flight following the Challenger disaster.
Topics: Who -- James R. Thompson, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=271
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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(PCG) Protein Crystal Growth Porcine Elastase. This enzyme is associated with the degradation of lung tissue in people suffering from emphysema. It is useful in studying causes of this disease. Principal Investigator on STS-26 was Charles Bugg.
Topic: What -- STS-26
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=21
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Space Shuttle Atlantis takes flight on its STS-27 mission, December 2, 1988, utilizing 375,000 pounds of thrust produced by its three main engines. The engines start in 3.9 seconds of ignition and go to static pump speeds of approximately 35,000 revolutions per minute during that time. The Marshall Space Flight Center had management responsibility of Space Shuttle propulsion elements, including the Main Engines.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-27, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=301
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-30 mission launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis on May 4, 1989 at 2:46:59pm (EDT) carrying a crew of five. Aboard were Ronald J. Grabe, pilot; David M. Walker, commander; and mission specialists Norman E. Thagard, Mary L. Cleave, and Mark C. Lee. The primary payload for the mission was the Magellan/Venus Radar mapper spacecraft and attached Inertial Upper Stage (IUS).
Topics: Who -- David M. Walker, Who -- Mark C. Lee, What -- STS-30, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3429
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-32 patch, designed by the five crewmembers for the scheduled December 1989 space mission, depicts the Space Shuttle orbiter rendezvousing with the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) satellite from above. The Syncom satellite is successfully deployed and on its way to geosynchronous orbit. Five stars have been arranged so that three are one side of the orbiter and two on the other to form the number 32. The seven major rays of the sun are in remembrance of the crewmembers for STS...
Topics: What -- STS-32, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Sun, What -- STS-51
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3443
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Solar Vector Magnetograph is used to predict solar flares, and other activities associated with sun spots. This research provides new understanding about weather on the Earth, and solar-related conditions in orbit.
Topics: What -- Sun, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=445
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The primary objective of the STS-35 mission was round the clock observation of the celestial sphere in ultraviolet and X-Ray astronomy with the Astro-1 observatory which consisted of four telescopes: the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope (HUT); the Wisconsin Ultraviolet Photo-Polarimeter Experiment (WUPPE); the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT); and the Broad Band X-Ray Telescope (BBXRT). The Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at the...
Topics: What -- Astro 1, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Wisconsin, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3385
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President George Bush delivers an address to Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) employees during his visit to the center. President Bush gave NASA employees an objective to send missions back to the moon to stay then continue on to Mars, referring to the Space Station project.
Topics: What -- Moon, What -- Mars, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=463
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-31 crew launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on April 24, 1990 at 8:33:51am (EDT). Included in the crew of five were Loren J. Shriver, commander; Charles F. Bolden, pilot; and Steven A. Hawley, Bruce McCandless, and Kathryn D. Sullivan, all mission specialists. The primary goal of the mission was the deployment of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) which was a Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) managed program.
Topics: What -- STS-31, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- Hubble Space Telescope...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3435
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis on August 2, 1991, the STS-43 mission?s primary payload was the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite 5 (TDRS-5) attached to an Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), which became the 4th member of an orbiting TDRS cluster. The flight crew consisted of five astronauts: John E. Blaha, commander; Michael A. Baker, pilot; Shannon W. Lucid, mission specialist 1; James C. Adamson, mission specialist 2; and G. David Low, mission specialist 3.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-4
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3495
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Designed by the astronauts assigned to fly on the mission, the STS 43 patch portrays the evolution and continuity of the USA's space program by highlighting 30 years of American manned space flight experience -- from Mercury to the Space Shuttle. The emergence of the Shuttle Atlantis from the outlined configuration of the Mercury space capsule commemorates this special relationship. The energy and momentum of launch are conveyed by the gradations of blue which mark the Shuttle's ascent from...
Topics: What -- STS-4, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Mercury, What -- Atlantis, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3496
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The arrowhead shape of the STS-39 crew patch represents a skyward aim to learn more about our planet's atmosphere and space environment in support of the Department of Defense. Our national symbol is represented by the star constellation Aguila (the eagle) as its brightest star, Altair, lifts a protective canopy above Earth. The Space Shuttle encircles the spectrum which represents x-ray, ultraviolet, visible and infrared electromagnetic radiation to be measured by a variety of scientific...
Topics: What -- STS-39, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Constellation, What -- ALTAIR, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3471
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photo depicts the recovery operations of the MR-3 mission. Astronaut Alan Shepard was picked up by a U.S. Marine helicopter after the completion of the first marned suborbital flight by MR-3 (Mercury-Redstone) with the Freedom 7 capsule.
Topics: Who -- Alan B. Shepard, Jr., What -- Mercury
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1493
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Two years prior to being used during a shuttle mission, the Transfer to Orbit System (TOS) is being demonstrated at Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS). TOS is an upper stage launch system used to place satellites into higher orbits. TOS was used only once, on September 12, 1993 when the Space Shuttle Discovery (STS51) deployed ACTS (Advanced Communications Technology Satellite). The test pictured was to provide an evaluation of the extravehicular activity...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- Advanced Communication Technology...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=571
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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By the end of the 19th century, soldiers, sailors, and practical and not-so practical inventors, had developed a stake in rocketry. Skillful theorists, like Konstantian Tsiolkovsky in Russia, were examining the fundamental scientific theories behind rocketry. They were begirning to consider the possibility of space travel
Topic: Where -- Russia
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=853
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-49, the first flight of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour, lifted off from launch pad 39B on May 7, 1992 at 6:40 pm CDT. The STS-49 mission was the first U.S. orbital flight to feature 4 extravehicular activities (EVAs), and the first flight to involve 3 crew members working simultaneously outside of the spacecraft. The primary objective was the capture and redeployment of the INTELSAT VI (F-3) which was stranded in an unusable orbit since its launch aboard the Titan rocket in March 1990.
Topics: What -- STS-49, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- Titan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3655
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The first United States Microgravity Laboratory (USML-1) was one of NASA's science and technology programs that provided scientists an opportunity to research various scientific investigations in a weightlessness environment inside the Spacelab module. It also provided demonstrations of new equipment to help prepare for advanced microgravity research and processing aboard the Space Station. The USML-1 flew in orbit for extended periods, providing greater opportunities for research in materials...
Topics: What -- USML 1, What -- Opportunity, What -- Earth, What -- STS-5, Where -- United States of...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2312
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-49, the first flight of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour, lifted off from launch pad 39B on May 7, 1992 at 6:40 pm CDT. The STS-49 mission was the first U.S. orbital flight to feature 4 extravehicular activities (EVAs), and the first flight to involve 3 crew members working simultaneously outside of the spacecraft. The primary objective was the capture and redeployment of the INTELSAT VI (F-3), a communication satellite for the International Telecommunication Satellite organization,...
Topics: What -- STS-49, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- Titan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3671
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The first United States Microgravity Laboratory (USML-1) flew in orbit inside the Spacelab science module for extended periods, providing scientists and researchers greater opportunities for research in materials science, fluid dynamics, biotechnology (crystal growth), and combustion science. In this photograph, Astronaut Bornie Dunbar and Astronaut Larry DeLucas are conducting the Lower Body Negative Pressure (LBNP) experiment, which is to protect the health and safety of the crew and to...
Topics: What -- USML 1, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-5,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2310
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Astronaut Mark Lee participates in the Photo Voltaic Module testing in Marshall's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=391
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Jan Davis and Mae Jemison working on experiments.
Topics: Who -- Mae Jemison, What -- STS-47
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=50
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Designed by the mission crew members, the STS-61 crew insignia depicts the astronaut symbol superimposed against the sky with the Earth underneath. Also seen are two circles representing the optical configuration of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Light is focused by reflections from a large primary mirror and a smaller secondary mirror. The light is analyzed by various instruments and, according to the crew members, brings to us on Earth knowledge about planets, stars, galaxies and other...
Topics: What -- STS-61, What -- Earth, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3548
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Payload Commander, Bonnie Dunbar working onboard STS-50 USML-1
Topics: What -- STS-5, What -- USML 1
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=12
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A four-million-mile journey draws to a flawless ending as the orbiter Discovery (STS-56) lands at Kennedy Space Center's (KSC) Shuttle Landing Facility. Aboard for the second shuttle mission of 1993 were a crew of five and the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science 2 (ATLAS 2), the second in a series of missions to study the sun's energy output and Earth's middle atmosphere chemical make-up, and how these factors affect levels of ozone.
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- STS-5, What -- Atlas 2, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=563
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-56 crew portrait includes five astronauts. Seated from the left are Stephen S. Oswald, pilot; and Kenneth D. Cameron, commander. Standing, from the left, are mission specialists Kenneth D. Cockrell, C. Michael Foal, and Ellen Ochoa. The crew launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on April 8, 1993 at 1:29:00 am (EDT) with the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science-2 (ATLAS-2) as the primary payload.
Topics: Who -- Ellen Ochoa, What -- STS-5, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- Atlas 2
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3538
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Designed by the mission?s crew members, the STS-57 crew patch depicts the Space Shuttle Endeavour maneuvering to retrieve the European Space Agency's microgravity experiment satellite EURECA. SpaceHab, the first commercial space laboratory, is depicted in the cargo bay, and its characteristic shape is represented by the inner red border of the patch. The three gold plumes surrounded by the five stars trailing EURECA are suggestive of the U.S. astronaut logo. The five gold stars together with...
Topics: What -- STS-5, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3541
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronauts Mark Lee and Mike Gerhardt, and a technician participate in the Nitrox breathing system test in Marshall's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=403
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This photograph is of Astronaut Kerwin wearing the Sleep Monitoring cap (Experiment M133) taken during the Skylab-2 mission. The Sleep Monitoring Experiment was a medical evaluation designed to objectively determine the amount and quality of crew members' inflight sleep. The experiment monitored and recorded electroencephalographic (EEG) and electrooculographic (EOG) activity during astronauts' sleep periods. One of the astronauts was selected for this experiment and wore a fitted cap during...
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1433
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International Space Station testing is conducted in Marshall's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=401