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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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One of three Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) test cells after flight on STS-79 and before impregnation with resin. Note that the sand column has bulged in the middle, and that the top of the column is several inches lower than the top of the plastic enclosure. Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause friction as they roll and slide against each other, or even cause sticking and form small voids between grains. This complex behavior can cause soil to behave like a liquid under...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=757
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A test cell for the Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) experiment is shown in its on-orbit configuration in Spacehab during preparations for STS-89. The twin locker to the left contains the hydraulic system to operate the experiment. Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause friction as they roll and slide against each other, or even cause sticking and form small voids between grains. This complex behavior can cause soil to behave like a liquid under certain conditions such as...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Colorado, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=765
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A crewmember of Expedition One, cosmonaut Yuri P. Gidzenko, is dwarfed by transient hardware aboard Leonardo, the Italian Space Agency-built Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM), a primary cargo of the STS-102 mission. The Leonardo MPLM is the first of three such pressurized modules that will serve as the International Space Station's (ISS's) moving vans, carrying laboratory racks filled with equipment, experiments and supplies to and from the Space Station aboard the Space Shuttle. The...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-102, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1642
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Space Shuttle Atlantis, STS-110 mission, deployed this railcar, called the Mobile Transporter, and an initial 43-foot section of track, the S0 (S-zero) truss, preparing the International Space Station (ISS) for future spacewalks. The first railroad in space, the Mobile Transporter will allow the Station's robotic arm to travel up and down the finished truss for future assembly and maintenance. The 27,000-pound S0 truss is the first of 9 segments that will make up the Station's external...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-110, What -- International Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2401
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 16th American assembly flight and 112th overall American flight to the International Space Station (ISS) launched on November 23, 2002 from Kennedy's launch pad 39A aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavor STS-113. Mission objectives included the delivery of the Expedition Six Crew to the ISS, the return of Expedition Five crew back to Earth, and the installation and activation of the Port 1 Integrated Truss Assembly (P1). The first major component installed on the left side of the...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-113, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2795
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the STS-116 Crew Portrait. Pictured on the front row from left to right are: William Oefelein, pilot; Joan Higginbotham, mission specialist; and Mark Polansky, commander. On the back row, left to right, are: Robert Curbeam, Nicholas Patrick, Sunita Williams, and the European Space Agency?s Christer Fuglesang, all mission specialists. Williams joined Expedition 14 in progress to serve as flight engineer aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Launched aboard the Space Shuttle...
Topics: Who -- William Oefelein, Who -- Joan Higginbotham, Who -- Mark Polansky, Who -- Robert Curbeam, Who...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3917
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Under the goals of the Vision for Space Exploration, Ares I is a chief component of the cost-effective space transportation infrastructure being developed by NASA's Constellation Program. This transportation system will safely and reliably carry human explorers back to the moon, and then onward to Mars and other destinations in the solar system. The Ares I effort includes multiple project element teams at NASA centers and contract organizations around the nation, and is managed by the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Ares Launch Vehicles, What -- Constellation, What -- Moon,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4183
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The first light weight external tank (LWT) for the STS-3 mission was moved to the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at the Kennedy Space Center. In VAB the LWT would be mated with the Space Shuttle orbiter Columbia and solid rocket boosters. The LWT, unpainted external tank (ET) saved 6,000 pounds in the Shuttle liftoff weight. The giant cylinder, higher than a 15-story building, with a length of 154-feet (47-meters) and a diameter of 27.5-feet (8.4-meters), is the largest single piece of the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Advanced Communication Technology...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1674
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A NASA official inspects the results of Convergent Spray Technology used to resurface a bridge on Interstate 65 near Lacon, Alabama. Originally developed by USBI to apply a heat resistant coating to the Space Shuttle's Solid Rocket Boosters, the environment-friendly technology reduces the required worktime from days to hours.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=623
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The crew assigned to the STS-84 mission included (seated front left to right) Jerry M Linenger, mission specialist; Charles J. Precourt, commander; and C. Michael Foale, mission specialist. On the back row (left to right) are Jean-Francois Clervoy (ESA), mission specialist; Eileen M. Collins, pilot; Edward T. Lu, mission specialist; Elena V. Kondakova (RSA), mission specialist; and Carlos I. Noriega, mission specialist. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis on May 15, 1997 at 4:07:48 am...
Topics: Who -- Michael Foale, Who -- Carlos I. Noriega, What -- STS-84, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3599
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Framed by the Vehicle Assembly Building at right and the Mate-Demate Device at left, the Space Shuttle orbiter Columbia (STS-94) glided onto Runway 33 of Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility. On board for the reflight of STS-83 were a crew of seven and the Microgravity Science Laboratory-1 (MSL-1)which was managed by scientists and engineers from the Marshall Space Flight Center. Mission STS-94 marked the 23rd flight of Columbia and the 85th mission flown since the start of the Space...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-83, What -- MSL 1, What -- STS-94,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=560
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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James R. Thompon served as director of the Marshall Space Flight Center from September 29, 1986 until July 6, 1989, when he was appointed as NASA Deputy Administrator. Prior to his tenure as Marshall's Director, Thompson served from March to June 1986 as the vice-chairman of the NASA task force investigating the cause of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident. He was credited with playing a significant role in returning the Space Shuttle to flight following the Challenger disaster.
Topics: Who -- James R. Thompson, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=271
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Space Shuttle Atlantis takes flight on its STS-27 mission, December 2, 1988, utilizing 375,000 pounds of thrust produced by its three main engines. The engines start in 3.9 seconds of ignition and go to static pump speeds of approximately 35,000 revolutions per minute during that time. The Marshall Space Flight Center had management responsibility of Space Shuttle propulsion elements, including the Main Engines.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-27, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=301
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-32 patch, designed by the five crewmembers for the scheduled December 1989 space mission, depicts the Space Shuttle orbiter rendezvousing with the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) satellite from above. The Syncom satellite is successfully deployed and on its way to geosynchronous orbit. Five stars have been arranged so that three are one side of the orbiter and two on the other to form the number 32. The seven major rays of the sun are in remembrance of the crewmembers for STS...
Topics: What -- STS-32, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Sun, What -- STS-51
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3443
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-30 mission launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis on May 4, 1989 at 2:46:59pm (EDT) carrying a crew of five. Aboard were Ronald J. Grabe, pilot; David M. Walker, commander; and mission specialists Norman E. Thagard, Mary L. Cleave, and Mark C. Lee. The primary payload for the mission was the Magellan/Venus Radar mapper spacecraft and attached Inertial Upper Stage (IUS).
Topics: Who -- David M. Walker, Who -- Mark C. Lee, What -- STS-30, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3429
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The primary objective of the STS-35 mission was round the clock observation of the celestial sphere in ultraviolet and X-Ray astronomy with the Astro-1 observatory which consisted of four telescopes: the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope (HUT); the Wisconsin Ultraviolet Photo-Polarimeter Experiment (WUPPE); the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT); and the Broad Band X-Ray Telescope (BBXRT). The Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at the...
Topics: What -- Astro 1, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Wisconsin, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3385
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-31 crew launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on April 24, 1990 at 8:33:51am (EDT). Included in the crew of five were Loren J. Shriver, commander; Charles F. Bolden, pilot; and Steven A. Hawley, Bruce McCandless, and Kathryn D. Sullivan, all mission specialists. The primary goal of the mission was the deployment of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) which was a Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) managed program.
Topics: What -- STS-31, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- Hubble Space Telescope...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3435
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Designed by the astronauts assigned to fly on the mission, the STS 43 patch portrays the evolution and continuity of the USA's space program by highlighting 30 years of American manned space flight experience -- from Mercury to the Space Shuttle. The emergence of the Shuttle Atlantis from the outlined configuration of the Mercury space capsule commemorates this special relationship. The energy and momentum of launch are conveyed by the gradations of blue which mark the Shuttle's ascent from...
Topics: What -- STS-4, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Mercury, What -- Atlantis, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3496
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The arrowhead shape of the STS-39 crew patch represents a skyward aim to learn more about our planet's atmosphere and space environment in support of the Department of Defense. Our national symbol is represented by the star constellation Aguila (the eagle) as its brightest star, Altair, lifts a protective canopy above Earth. The Space Shuttle encircles the spectrum which represents x-ray, ultraviolet, visible and infrared electromagnetic radiation to be measured by a variety of scientific...
Topics: What -- STS-39, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Constellation, What -- ALTAIR, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3471
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Two years prior to being used during a shuttle mission, the Transfer to Orbit System (TOS) is being demonstrated at Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS). TOS is an upper stage launch system used to place satellites into higher orbits. TOS was used only once, on September 12, 1993 when the Space Shuttle Discovery (STS51) deployed ACTS (Advanced Communications Technology Satellite). The test pictured was to provide an evaluation of the extravehicular activity...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- Advanced Communication Technology...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=571
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis on August 2, 1991, the STS-43 mission?s primary payload was the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite 5 (TDRS-5) attached to an Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), which became the 4th member of an orbiting TDRS cluster. The flight crew consisted of five astronauts: John E. Blaha, commander; Michael A. Baker, pilot; Shannon W. Lucid, mission specialist 1; James C. Adamson, mission specialist 2; and G. David Low, mission specialist 3.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-4
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3495
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-49, the first flight of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour, lifted off from launch pad 39B on May 7, 1992 at 6:40 pm CDT. The STS-49 mission was the first U.S. orbital flight to feature 4 extravehicular activities (EVAs), and the first flight to involve 3 crew members working simultaneously outside of the spacecraft. The primary objective was the capture and redeployment of the INTELSAT VI (F-3) which was stranded in an unusable orbit since its launch aboard the Titan rocket in March 1990.
Topics: What -- STS-49, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- Titan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3655
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Designed by the mission?s crew members, the STS-57 crew patch depicts the Space Shuttle Endeavour maneuvering to retrieve the European Space Agency's microgravity experiment satellite EURECA. SpaceHab, the first commercial space laboratory, is depicted in the cargo bay, and its characteristic shape is represented by the inner red border of the patch. The three gold plumes surrounded by the five stars trailing EURECA are suggestive of the U.S. astronaut logo. The five gold stars together with...
Topics: What -- STS-5, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3541
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-56 crew portrait includes five astronauts. Seated from the left are Stephen S. Oswald, pilot; and Kenneth D. Cameron, commander. Standing, from the left, are mission specialists Kenneth D. Cockrell, C. Michael Foal, and Ellen Ochoa. The crew launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on April 8, 1993 at 1:29:00 am (EDT) with the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science-2 (ATLAS-2) as the primary payload.
Topics: Who -- Ellen Ochoa, What -- STS-5, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- Atlas 2
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3538
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Astronaut Mark Lee floats freely as he tests the new backpack called the Simplified Aid for EVA Rescue (SAFER) system. SAFER is designed for use in the event a crew member becomes untethered while conducting an EVA. The STS-64 mission marked the first untethered U.S. EVA in 10 years, and was launched on September 9, 1994, aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Discovery.
Topics: What -- STS-64, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2446
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Angie Jackman, a NASA project manager in microgravity research, demonstrates the enhanced resilience of undercooled metal alloys as compared to conventional alloys. Experiments aboard the Space Shuttle helped scientists refine their understanding of the physical properties of certain metal alloys when undercooled (i.e., kept liquid below their normal solidification temperature). This new knowledge then allowed scientists to modify a terrestrial production method so they can now make limited...
Topic: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=711
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Not long after separation of the Space Shuttle Discovery from the International Space Station (ISS), a crew member was able to use a 70mm handheld camera to grab this image of the station, featuring its newest additions. Backdropped against the blackness of space, the Z1 truss structure and its anterna, as well as the new Pressurized Mating Adapter (PMA-3), are visible in the foreground.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2197
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a photo of soybeans growing in the Advanced Astroculture (ADVASC) Experiment aboard the International Space Station (ISS). The ADVASC experiment was one of the several new experiments and science facilities delivered to the ISS by Expedition Five aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavor STS-111 mission. An agricultural seed company will grow soybeans in the ADVASC hardware to determine whether soybean plants can produce seeds in a microgravity environment. Secondary objectives include...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-111, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2394
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Experiments to seek solutions for a range of biomedical issues are at the heart of several investigations that will be hosted by the Commercial Instrumentation Technology Associates (ITA), Inc. The biomedical experiments CIBX-2 payload is unique, encompassing more than 20 separate experiments including cancer research, commercial experiments, and student hands-on experiments from 10 schools as part of ITA's ongoing University Among the stars program. Here, Astronaut Story Musgrave activates the...
Topics: Who -- Story Musgrave, What -- Cancer, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-80
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2763
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Astronaut Donald R. Pettit, Expedition Six NASA ISS science officer, photographed this view of a surface tension demonstration using water that is held in place by a metal loop. The experiment took place in the Destiny laboratory on the International Space Station (ISS). The Expedition Six crew was delivered to the station via the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavor STS-113 mission which was launched on November 23, 2002.
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2604
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Astronaut Wendy B. Lawrence, flight engineer and mission specialist for STS-67, scribbles notes on the margin of a checklist while monitoring an experiment on the Space Shuttle Endeavour's mid-deck. The experiment is the Protein Crystal Growth (PCG), which takes up locker space near the Commercial Materials Dispersion Apparatus Instruments Technology Associates Experiment (CMIX).
Topics: What -- STS-6, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=353
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis on April 8, 2002, the STS-110 mission prepared the International Space Station (ISS) for future space walks by installing and outfitting the 43-foot-long Starboard side S0 (S-zero) truss and preparing the first railroad in space, the Mobile Transporter. The 27,000 pound S0 truss was the first of 9 segments that will make up the Station's external framework that will eventually stretch 356 feet (109 meters), or approximately the length of a...
Topics: Who -- Jerry L. Ross, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-110, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2831
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STS-102 mission astronauts James S. Voss and James D. Weatherbee share a congratulatory handshake as the Space Shuttle Orbiter Discovery successfully docks with the International Space Station (ISS). Photographed from left to right are: Astronauts Susan J. Helms, mission specialist; James S. Voss, Expedition 2 crew member; James D. Weatherbee, mission commander; Andrew S.W. Thomas, mission specialist; and nearly out of frame is James M. Kelley, Pilot. Launched March 8, 2001, STS-102's primary...
Topics: What -- STS-102, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- International Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2838
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Alabama Department of Transportation workers utilize Convergent Spray Technology to resurface a bridge on Interstate 65 near Lacon, Alabama. Originally developed by USBI to apply a heat resistant coating to the Space Shuttle's Solid Rocket Boosters, the environment-friendly technology reduces the required worktime from days to hours.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=621
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The first United States Microgravity Laboratory (USML-1) flew in orbit inside the Spacelab science module for extended periods, providing scientists and researchers greater opportunities for research in materials science, fluid dynamics, biotechnology (crystal growth), and combustion science. In this photograph, Astronaut Bornie Dunbar and Astronaut Larry DeLucas are conducting the Lower Body Negative Pressure (LBNP) experiment, which is to protect the health and safety of the crew and to...
Topics: What -- USML 1, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-5,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2310
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Designed by the mission crew members, the STS-61 crew insignia depicts the astronaut symbol superimposed against the sky with the Earth underneath. Also seen are two circles representing the optical configuration of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Light is focused by reflections from a large primary mirror and a smaller secondary mirror. The light is analyzed by various instruments and, according to the crew members, brings to us on Earth knowledge about planets, stars, galaxies and other...
Topics: What -- STS-61, What -- Earth, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3548
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CT scans of the spcimens on STS-79 reveal internal cone-shaped features and radial patterns not seen in specimens processed on the ground. The lighter areas are the densest in these images. CT scans produced richly detailed images allowing scientists to build 3D models of the interior of the specimens that can be compared with microscopic examination of thin slices. These views depict vertical slices from side to middle of a flight specimen. Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=796
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA representatives prepare for another day's work answering questions and handing out posters at AirVenture 2000. Part of their demonstrations included a training model of the Middeck Glovebox used aboard the Space Shuttle and Russian Mir Space Station. This and several other devices were used to explain to the public the kinds of research that have been conducted aboard the Space Shuttle and that will continue aboard the International Space Station (ISS). The exhibit was part of the NASA...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What -- International Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=731
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Spacelab-J (SL-J) mission was a joint venture between NASA and the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) utilizing a marned Spacelab module. Materials science investigations covered such fields as biotechnology, electronic materials, fluid dynamics and transport phenomena, glasses and ceramics, metals and alloys, and acceleration measurements. Life sciences included experiments on human health, cell separation and biology, developmental biology, animal and human physiology and...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- STS-47, Where -- Japan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2304
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-45 mission launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis on March 24, 1992 at 8:13:40am (EST) carrying the Atmospheric Laboratory for Application and Science (ATLAS-1) as its primary payload. Crew members included: Charles F. Bolden, Jr., commander; Brian Duffy, pilot; Kathryn D. Sullivan, payload commander; Byron K. Lichtenberg, payload specialist 1; Dirk K. Frimout, payload specialist 2; David C. Leestma, mission specialist 2; and C. Michael Foale, mission specialist 3.
Topics: Who -- Brian Duffy, Who -- Michael Foale, What -- STS-45, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3500
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a computer rendering of the fully developed Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), formerly Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF). In 1999, the AXAF was renamed the CXO in honor of the late Indian-American Novel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The CXO is the most sophisticated and the world's most powerful x-ray telescope ever built. It is designed to observe x-rays from high energy regions of the Universe, such as hot gas in the renmants of exploded stars. It produces picture-like...
Topics: What -- Visible Light, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-93, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1981
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The International Space Station (ISS) is an unparalleled international scientific and technological cooperative venture that will usher in a new era of human space exploration and research and provide benefits to people on Earth. On-Orbit assembly began on November 20, 1998, with the launch of the first ISS component, Zarya, on a Russian Proton rocket. The Space Shuttle followed on December 4, 1998, carrying the U.S.-built Unity cornecting Module. Sixteen nations are participating in the ISS...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2414
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This is a traditional crew portrait of the seven STS-107 crew members. Seated in front, from left, are: Astronauts Rick D. Husband, mission commander; Kalpana Chawla, mission specialist; and William C. McCool, pilot. Standing, from left, are: David M. Brown, Laurel B. Clark, and Michael P. Anderson, all mission specialists; and Ilan Ramon, payload specialist, representing the Israeli Space Agency. Launched January 16, 2003, the STS-107 mission is strictly a multidiscipline microgravity and...
Topics: Who -- Rick D. Husband, Who -- Kalpana Chawla, Who -- William C. McCool, Who -- David M. Brown, Who...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2579
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Five astronauts and two payload specialists take a break in training for the Neurolab mission to pause for a crew portrait. The Spacelab mission was conducted aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia on STS-90 which launched on April 17, 1998. Astronauts Richard A. Searfoss, commander (right front); and Scott D. Altman, pilot (left front). Other crew members (back row, left to right) are James A. (Jim) Pawelczyk, Ph.D., payload specialist; and astronauts Richard M. Linnehan, Kathryn P. Hire, and...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-90
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3610
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-102 mission astronaut Susan J. Helms translates along the longerons of the Space Shuttle Discovery during the first of two space walks. During this walk, the Pressurized Mating Adapter 3 was prepared for repositioning from the Unity Module's Earth-facing berth to its port-side berth to make room for the Leonardo multipurpose Logistics Module (MPLM), supplied by the Italian Space Agency. The Leonardo MPLM is the first of three such pressurized modules that will serve as the International...
Topics: Who -- Susan Helms, What -- STS-102, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2837
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Alabama Department of Transportation workers utilize Convergent Spray Technology to resurface a bridge on Interstate 65 near Lacon, Alabama. Originally developed by USBI to apply a heat resistant coating to the Space Shuttle's Solid Rocket Boosters, the environment-friendly technology reduces the required worktime from days to hours.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=620
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Five astronauts launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on March 13, 1989 at 9:57 am (EST) for the STS-29 mission. Included were James P. Bagian, mission specialist 1; Robert C. Springer, mission specialist 3; James F. (Jim) Buchli, mission specialist 2; John E. Blaha, pilot; and Michael L. Coats, commander. The mission?s primary payload was the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-4 (TDRS-4).
Topics: Who -- Michael L. Coats, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- STS-29
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3423
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The STS-31 crew of five included (left to right) Charles F. Bolden, pilot; Steven A. Hawley, mission specialist; Loren J. Shriver, commander; Bruce McCandless, mission specialist; and Kathryn D. Sullivan, mission specialist. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on April 24, 1990 at 8:33:51am (EDT), the primary payload was the Hubble Space Telescope. This was the first flight to use carbon brakes at landing.
Topics: What -- STS-31, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- Hubble Space Telescope...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3432
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Designed by the crewmembers assigned to the flight, the STS-46 crew patch depicts the Space Shuttle Atlantis in orbit around Earth, accompanied by major payloads: the European Retrievable Carrier (EURECA) and the Tethered Satellite System (TSS- l). In the depiction, EURECA has been activated and released, its antennae and solar arrays deployed, and it is about to start its ten- month scientific mission. The Tethered Satellite is linked to the orbiter by a 20-krn. tether. The purple beam...
Topics: What -- STS-46, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- Earth, What -- Beam, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3506
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-56) onboard photo of Mission Specialist Michael Foale working in the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS-2). The ATLAS program was designed to measure the long term variability in the total energy radiated by the sun and determine the variability in the solar spectrum.
Topics: Who -- Michael Foale, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- STS-5, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=523
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The longest Shuttle flight to date came to a successful close as the orbiter Columbia (STS-78) touched down on Runway 33 of the Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility. During the nearly 17-day flight, the seven crew members on board for the 78th Shuttle mission conducted extensive research in the primary payload, the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS). The results from this Marshall managed payload will be sent to Marshall Space Flight Center for futher review.
Topics: What -- Columbia, What -- STS-78, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Kennedy Space Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=555
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) flight hardware takes two twin double locker assemblies in the Space Shuttle middeck or the Spacehab module. Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause friction as they roll and slide against each other, or even cause sticking and form small voids between grains. This complex behavior can cause soil to behave like a liquid under certain conditions such as earthquakes or when powders are handled in industrial processes. MGM experiments aboard the Space...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- STS-107, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=751
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured here is the forward docking port on the International Space Station's (ISS) Destiny Laboratory as seen by one of the STS-111 crewmembers from the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour just prior to docking. In June 2002, STS-111 provided the Space Station with a new crew, Expedition Five, replacing Expedition Four after remaining a record-setting 196 days in space. Three spacewalks enabled the STS-111 crew to accomplish additional mission objectives: the delivery and installation of a new...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Destiny, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2409
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Backdropped against the blackness of space is the International Space Station (ISS), as viewed from the approching Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour, STS-111 mission, in June 2002. Expedition Five replaced Expedition Four crew after remaining a record-setting 196 days in space. Three spacewalks enabled the STS-111 crew to accomplish the delivery and installation of the Mobile Remote Servicer Base System (MBS), an important part of the Station's Mobile Servicing System that allows the robotic arm...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Endeavour, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2398
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, manages the Space Launch Initiative (SLI), NASA's priority developmental program focused on empowering America's leadership in space. SLI includes commercial, higher education and defense partnerships and contracts to offer widespread participation in both the risk and success of developing our nation's next-generation reusable launch vehicle. This photo depicts an artist's concept of a future second-generation launch vehicle during...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2511
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photo, the Student Tracked Atmospheric Research Satellite for Heuristic International Networking Experiment (STARSHINE) leaves the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle Discovery near the completion of the almost 10 day STS-96 mission. STARSHINE is a satellite that resembles a high-tech disco ball covered by hundreds of quarter-sized mirrors that reflect sunlight to observers on the ground to help students study the effects of solar activity on the Earth's atmosphere. Students, worldwide,...
Topics: What -- Starshine, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- STS-96, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2770
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Back dropped against a blue and white Earth, the Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis was photographed by an Expedition 5 crew member onboard the International Space Station (ISS) during rendezvous and docking operations. Docking occurred at 10:17 am on October 9, 2002. The Starboard 1 (S1) Integrated Truss Structure, the primary payload of the STS-112 mission, can be seen in Atlantis' cargo bay. Installed and outfitted within 3 sessions of Extravehicular Activity (EVA) during the 11 day mission, the...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- International Space Station...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2803
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pilot James M. Kelly (left) and Commander James D. Wetherbee for the STS-102 mission, participate in the movement of supplies inside Leonardo, the Italian Space Agency built Multipurpose Logistics Module (MPLM). In this particular photograph, the two are handling a film magazine for the IMAX cargo bay camera. The primary cargo of the STS-102 mission, the Leonardo MPLM is the first of three such pressurized modules that will serve as the International Space Station's (ISS') moving vans, carrying...
Topics: What -- STS-102, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2840
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An international crew assigned to STS-99 takes a break from training to pose for the traditional crew portrait at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC). In front are international astronauts and mission specialists Mamoru Mohri, representing Japan's Space Agency (NASDA), and Gerhard P. J. Thiele of Germany, representing the European Space Agency (ESA). In back are astronauts Janice Voss, mission specialist; Kevin R. Kregel, mission commander; Dominic L. Gorie, pilot; and Janet L. Kavandi, mission...
Topics: Who -- Mamoru Mohri, Who -- Janice Voss, What -- STS-99, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2849
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The Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis STS-110, embarking on its 25th flight, lifts off from launch pad 39B at Kennedy Space Center at 3:44 p.m. CDT April 8, 2002. The STS-110 mission prepared the International Space Station (ISS) for future space walks by installing and outfitting a 43-foot-long Starboard side S0 truss and preparing the Mobile Transporter. The 27,000 pound S0 Truss was the first of 9 segments that will make up the Station's external framework that will eventually stretch 356 feet...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-110, What -- International Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2832
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The Space Shuttle main propulsion system includes three major elements. One of those elements is the External Tank (ET). The ET holds over one-half million gallons of liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen that fuel the main engines.
Topic: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1844
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Five astronauts launched aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia on January 9, 1990 at 7:35:00am (EST) for the STS-32 mission. The crew included David C. Brandenstein, commander; James D. Weatherbee, pilot; and mission specialists Marsha S. Ivins, G. David Low, and Bonnie J. Dunbar. Primary objectives of the mission were the deployment of the SYNCOM IV-F5 defense communications satellite and the retrieval of NASA?s Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF).
Topics: Who -- Bonnie J. Dunbar, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-32
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3442
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Thisdiagram shows the general arrangement of the payloads to be carried by the multidisciplinary STS-107 Research-1 Space Shuttle mission in 2002. The Spacehab module will host experiments that require direct operation by the flight crew. Others with special requirements will be on the GAS Bridge Assembly sparning the payload bay. The Extended Duration Orbiter kit carries additional oxygen and hydrogen for the electricity-producing fuel cells. Research-1 experiments will cover space biology,...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2076
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An array of components in a laboratory at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) is being tested by the Flight Mechanics Office to develop an integrated navigation system for the second generation reusable launch vehicle. The laboratory is testing Global Positioning System (GPS) components, a satellite-based location and navigation system, and Inertial Navigation System (INS) components, sensors on a vehicle that determine angular velocity and linear acceleration at various points. The GPS...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2490
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Five astronauts launched aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia on January 9, 1990 at 7:35:00am (EST) for the STS-32 mission. The crew included David C. Brandenstein, commander; James D. Weatherbee, pilot; and mission specialists Marsha S. Ivins, G. David Low, and Bonnie J. Dunbar. Primary objectives of the mission were the deployment of the SYNCOM IV-F5 defense communications satellite and the retrieval of NASA?s Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF).
Topics: Who -- Bonnie J. Dunbar, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-32
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3441
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This STS-80 onboard photograph shows the Orbiting Retrievable Far and Extreme Ultraviolet Spectrometer-Shuttle Pallet Satellite II (ORFEUS-SPAS II), photographed during approach by the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia for retrieval. Built by the German Space Agency, DARA, the ORFEUS-SPAS II, a free-flying satellite, was dedicated to astronomical observations at very short wavelengths to: investigate the nature of hot stellar atmospheres, investigate the cooling mechanisms of white dwarf stars,...
Topics: What -- STS-80, What -- Spectrometer, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Moon
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2377
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Astronaut Tom Akers places a liquid nitrogen Dewar containing frozen protein solutions aboard Russia's space Station Mir during a visit by the Space Shuttle (STS-79). The protein samples were flash-frozen on Earth and will be allowed to thaw and crystallize in the microgravity environment on Mir Space Station. A later crew will return the Dewar to Earth for sample analysis. Dr. Alexander McPherson of the University of California at Riverside is the principal investigator. Photo credit:...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What -- STS-79, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=707
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The triangular shape of the STS-34 crew patch represents forward motion and the entering into new frontiers of science, engineering and technology. The Galileo spacecraft overlaying the orbiter symbolizes the joining together of both manned and unmanned space programs in order to maximize the capabilities of each. The crewmembers, who designed the patch, use a sunrise stretching across Earth's horizon to depict expansion of our knowledge of the solar system and other worlds, leading to a better...
Topics: What -- STS-34, What -- Galileo, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Jupiter, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3453
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This is an on-orbit animation of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), formerly Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF). In 1999, the AXAF was renamed the CXO in honor of the late Indian-American Novel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The CXO is the most sophisticated and the world?s most powerful x-ray telescope ever built. It is designed to observe x-rays from high energy regions of the Universe, such as hot gas in the remnants of exploded stars. It produces picture-like images of...
Topics: What -- Visible Light, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-93, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3159
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Backdropped against the blackness of space and the Earth's horizon, the S0 (S-zero) truss is removed from Atlantis' cargo bay and onto the Destiny laboratory of the International Space Station (ISS) by Astronauts Ellen Ochoa, STS-110 mission specialist, and Daniel W. Bursch, Expedition Four flight engineer, using the ISS' Canadarm2. Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis, STS-110 mission, prepared the International Space Station (ISS) for future spacewalks by installing and outfitting the 43-foot-long...
Topics: Who -- Ellen Ochoa, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- Destiny, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2402
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The mission insignia for NASA's STS-31 mission features the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) in its observing configuration against a background of the universe it will study. The cosmos includes a stylistic depiction of galaxies in recognition of the contribution made by Sir Edwin Hubble to our understanding of the nature of galaxies and the expansion of the universe. The STS-31 crew points out that is it in honor of Hubble's work that this great observatory in space bears his name. The depicted...
Topics: What -- STS-31, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3439
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This is an STS-66 mission onboard photo of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis showing the payload of the third Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS-3) mission. During the ATLAS missions, international teams of scientists representing many disciplines combined their expertise to seek answers to complex questions about the atmospheric and solar conditions that sustain life on Earth. The ATLAS program specifically investigated how Earth's middle and upper atmospheres and...
Topics: What -- STS-66, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- Atlas 3, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2222
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This is a computer generated image of a Shuttle in flight utilizing 2nd Generation Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) with flyback boosters, a futuristic concept that is currently undergoing study by NASA's Space Launch Initiative (SLI) Propulsion Office, managed by the Marshall Space Fight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, working in conjunction with the Agency's Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio. Currently, after providing thrust to the Space Shuttle, the solid rocket boosters are parachuted...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC), Where -- Ohio
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3120
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CT scans of the spcimens on STS-79 reveal internal cone-shaped features and radial patterns not seen in specimens processed on the ground. The lighter areas are the densest in these images. CT scans produced richly detailed images allowing scientists to build 3D models of the interior of the specimens that can be compared with microscopic examination of thin slices. This view depict horizontal slices from top to bottom of a flight specimen. Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=795
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his is a view of the video camera mounted on the External Tank (ET) of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis (STS-112). The camera provided a view of the front and belly of the orbiter, a portion of the Solid Rocket Boosters (SRBs), and ET during the launch. Located high on the ET liquid oxygen tank cable tray, the camera, 6 inches long and resembling a short thin flashlight, is inside an aluminum fairing covered in protective insulating foam. The battery pack and transmitter are contained in an...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-112, What -- Opportunity, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2502