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NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Laminar Soot Processes (LSP) Experiment Mounting Structure (EMS) was used to conduct the LSP experiment on Combustion Module-1. The EMS was inserted into the nozzle on the EMS and ignited by a hot wire igniter. The flame and its soot emitting properties were studied.
Topic: What -- WIRE
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=251
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Structure Of Flame Balls At Low Lewis-numbers (SOFBALL) Experiment Mounting Structure (EMS) was used to conduct the SOFBALL experiment on Combustion Module-1. The EMS was inserted into the CM-1 combustion chamber. The chamber was filled with a lean fuel/oxidizer mixture and a spark igniter on the EMS ignited the gas. Very small, weak flames, in the shape of spheres, were formed and studied.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=250
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Typical picture of a dendrite: Notice how the branch on the left has no arms coming off the top. This is because of the convective forces (hot liquid rises) that the top of the branch is not solidifying (growing arms) like the bottom, cooler area. The is a gravitational effect. This does not happen in space.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=224
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Combustion Module-1 was one of the most complex and technologically sophisticated pieces of hardware ever to be included as a part of a Spacelab mission. Shown here are the two racks which comprised CM-1, the rack on the right shows the combustion chamber with the Structure Of Flame Balls at Low Lewis-numbers (SOFBALL) experiment inside.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=246
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Technicians install the Laminar Soot Processes (LSP) experiment into the combustion chamber of Combustion Module-1. CM-1 was one of the most complex and technologically sophisticated pieces of hardware ever to be included as a part of a Spacelab mission.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=247
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Space Flight Center's researchers have conducted suborbital experiments with ZBLAN, an optical material capable of transmitting 100 times more signal and information than silica fibers. The next step is to process ZBLAN in a microgravity environment to stop the formation of crystallites, small crystals caused by a chemical imbalances. Scientists want to find a way to make ZBLAN an amorphous (without an internal shape) material. Producing a material such as this will have far-reaching...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=139
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Manual activation of 8 FPAs in an earlier version of the Group Activation Pack. The Fluids Processing Apparatus is essentially a microgravity test tube that allows a variety of complex investigations to be performed in space. Developed by BioServe Space Technologies, a NASA Commercial Space Center. Flown on STS-95.
Topic: What -- STS-95
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=158
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Robert H. Goddard loading a 1918 version of the Bazooka of World War II. From 1930 to 1941, Dr. Goddard made substantial progress in the development of progressively larger rockets, which attained altitudes of 2400 meters, and refined his equipment for guidance and control, his techniques of welding, and his insulation, pumps, and other associated equipment. In many respects, Dr. Goddard laid the essential foundations of practical rocket technology
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=855
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STEP will carry concentric test masses to Earth orbit to test a fundamental assumption underlying Einstein's theory of general relativity: that gravitational mass is equivalent to inertial mass. STEP is a 21st-century version of the test that Galileo is said to have performed by dropping a carnon ball and a musket ball simultaneously from the top of the Leaning Tower of Pisa to compare their accelerations. During the STEP experiment, four pairs of test masses will be falling around the Earth,...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Galileo
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=641
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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To the crystallographer, this may not be a diamond but it is just as priceless. A Lysozyme crystal grown in orbit looks great under a microscope, but the real test is X-ray crystallography. The colors are caused by polarizing filters. Proteins can form crystals generated by rows and columns of molecules that form up like soldiers on a parade ground. Shining X-rays through a crystal will produce a pattern of dots that can be decoded to reveal the arrangement of the atoms in the molecules making...
Topics: What -- Visible Light, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=637
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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These are images of CGEL-2 samples taken during STS-95. They show binary colloidal suspensions that have formed ordered crystalline structures in microgravity. In sample 5, there are more particles therefore, many, many crystallites (small crystals) form. In sample 6, there are less particles therefore, the particles are far apart and few, much larger crystallites form. The white object in the right corner of sample 5 is the stir bar used to mix the sample at the begirning of the mission.
Topic: What -- STS-95
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=632
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an image of a colloidal crystal from the CDOT-2 investigation flown on STS-95. There are so many colloidal particles in this sample that it behaves like a glass. In the laboratory on Earth, the sample remained in an amorphous state, showing no sign of crystal growth. In microgravity the sample crystallized in 3 days, as did the other glassy colloidal samples examined in the CDOT-2 experiment. During the investigation, crystallization occurred in samples that had a volume fraction...
Topics: What -- STS-95, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=633
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an image of the experiment hardware used for the CGEL-2 and CDOT-2 investigations flown on STS-95. Starting at the front and going clockwise are the electrical cables; the (3) PCMCIA hard drives, which store the experiment software and data; the sample cell holder foam, used to secure the sample cell holder in the glovebox; the laptop computer; a spare laser source detector module; sample cell holder with 4 sample cells; the power control box; the main module, which is used to conduct...
Topic: What -- STS-95
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=634
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Reduced-Gravity Program provides the unique weightless or zero-g environment of space flight for testing and training of human and hardware reactions. The reduced-gravity environment is obtained with a specially modified KC-135A turbojet transport which flies parabolic arcs to produce weightless periods of 20 to 25 seconds. KC-135A cargo bay test area is approximately 60 feet long, 10 feet wide, and 7 feet high. The image shows KC-135A in flight.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=643
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The USMP mission series pioneered sophisticated telescience technology to control experiments in the open cargo bay of the space shuttle. At Kennedy Space Center, the system of trusses that supported the USMP-4 experiments was loaded into the cargo bay. The bay doors were closed during launch but were opened in orbit.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=639
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The USMP mission series pioneered sophisticated telescience technology to control experiments in the open cargo bay of the space shuttle. At Kennedy Space Center, the system of trusses that supported the USMP-4 experiments was loaded into the cargo bay. The bay doors were closed during launch but were opened in orbit.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=640
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Technology derived by NASA for monitoring control gyros in the Skylab program is directly applicable to the problems of fault detection of railroad wheel bearings. Marhsall Space Flight Center's scientists have developed a detection concept based on the fact that bearing defects excite resonant frequency of rolling elements of the bearing as they impact the defect. By detecting resonant frequency and subsequently analyzing the character of this signal, bearing defects may be detected and...
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=645
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Originally devised to observe Saturn stage separation during Apollo flights, Marshall Space Flight Center's Miniature Television Camera, measuring only 4 x 3 x 1 1/2 inches, quickly made its way to the commercial telecommunications market.
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- TV Camera, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=646
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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During the Apollo era Marshall Space Flight Center's engineers developed the Magnetomotive Hammer to remove distortions from Saturn V bulkhead gore segments. Using an intense magnetic field, the Hammer removed manufacturing distortions from rejected segments which otherwise would have been discarded at a cost of $30,000 each. Various automobile, ship and aircraft manufacturers adoped the technology for commercial use.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=644
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Harnessing the Sun's energy through Solar Thermal Propulsion will propel vehicles through space by significantly reducing weight, complexity, and cost while boosting performance over current conventional upper stages. Another solar powered system, solar electric propulsion, demonstrates ion propulsion is suitable for long duration missions. Pictured is an artist's concept of space flight using solar thermal propulsion.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=580
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured here is an artist's concept of the experimental X-33 in-flight. The X-33 program was designed to pave the way to a full-scale commercially developed, reusable launch vehicle (RLV). The program that will put the U.S. on a path toward safe, affordable, reliable access to space by providing the latest technology was ready for space flight. The X-33 is the flagship technology demonstrator for technologies that will dramatically lower the cost of access to space. The X-33 program was...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2255
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is the X-34 Demonstrator parked on the runway. Part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-34 was a reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center to demonstrate technologies that are essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2265
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is a component of the Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) engine. This engine was designed to ultimately serve as the near term basis for Two Stage to Orbit (TSTO) air breathing propulsion systems and ultimately a Single Stage to Orbit (SSTO) air breathing propulsion system.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=584
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This picture is an artist's concept of an orbiting vehicle using the Electrodynamic Tethers Propulsion System. Relatively short electrodynamic tethers can use solar power to push against a planetary magnetic field to achieve propulsion without the expenditure of propellant.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1728
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is NASA's poster art for the X-34 technology Demonstrator. The X-34 was part of NASA's Pathfinder Program which demonstrated advanced space transportation technologies through the use of flight experiments and experimental vehicles. These technology demonstrators and flight experiments would support the Agency's goal of dramatically reducing the cost of access to space and would define the future of space transportation pushing technology into a new era of space development and...
Topic: What -- Dawn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2274
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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It is predicted that by the year 2040, there will be no distinction between a commercial airliner and a commercial launch vehicle. Fourth Generation Reusable Launch Vehicles (RLVs) will be so safe and reliable that no crew escape system will be necessary. Every year there will be in excess of 10,000 flights and the turn-around time between flights will be just hours. The onboard crew will be able to accomplish a launch without any assistance from the ground. Provided is an artist's concept of...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2959
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's collage of every phase of an X-34 Demonstrator's flight, from launch to landing. An X-34 was launched from an airplane, then proceeded to obtain an on-orbit altitude where it could remain for up to 21 days performing various experiments. At the conclusion of its mission, the X-34 returned to the Earth's atmosphere for a runway landing. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2262
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's interpretation of a future launch complex for third generation propulsion reusable launch vehicles such as the X-33. The X-33 is a sub-scale technology demonstrator prototype of a Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV), with a vertical take off / horizontal landing (lifting body) concept, which was manufactured and named as the Venture Star by Lockheed Martin. The X-33 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2254
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) launch. The RBCC's overall objective is to provide a technology test bed to investigate critical technologies associated with opperational usage of these engines. The program will focus on near term technologies that can be leveraged to ultimately serve as the near term basis for Two Stage to Orbit (TSTO) air breathing propulsions systems and ultimately a Single Stage To Orbit (SSTO) air breathing propulsion system.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=582
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The X-34 demonstrator is shown being taken out of its hanger and placed on the tarmac. The X-34 was classified as part of the Pathfinder class demonstrators which include small experimental vehicles or less expensive flight experiments. These demonstrators were driven by technology and were executed every one to two years. They were done quickly, for low cost, and for a wide range of technologies and applications. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2264
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of an orbiting space vehicle in the Jovian system using an electrodynamic tether propellantless propulsion system. Electrodynamic tethers offer the potential to greatly extend and enhance future scientific missions to Jupiter and the Jovian system. Like Earth, Jupiter posses a strong magnetic field and a significant magnetosphere. This may make it feasible to operate electrodynamic tethers for propulsion and power generation.
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=581
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Boussard Interstellar Ramjet engine concept uses interstellar hydrogen scooped up from its environment as the spacecraft passes by to provide propellant mass. The hydrogen is then ionized and then collected by an electromagentic field. In this image, an onboard laser is uded to heat the plasma, and the laser or electron beam is used to trigger fusion pulses thereby creating propulsion.
Topic: What -- Beam
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=585
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Looking like an alien space ship or a flying saucer the Microwave Lightcraft is an unconventional launch vehicle approach for delivering payload to orbit using power transmitted via microwaves. Microwaves re beamed from either a ground station or an orbiting solar power satellite to the lightcraft. The energy received breaks air molecules into a plasma and a magnetohydrodynamic fanjet provides the lifting force. Only a small amount of propellant is required for circulation, attitude control and...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=583
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the International Space Station (ISS) with solar panels fully deployed. In addition to the use of solar energy, the ISS will employ at least three types of propulsive support systems for its operation. The first type is to reboost the Station to correct orbital altitude to offset the effects of atmospheric and other drag forces. The second function is to maneuver the ISS to avoid collision with oribting bodies (space junk). The third is for attitude control to...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=742
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured in the high bay, is the X-34 Technology Demonstrator in the process of completion. The X-34 wass part of NASA's Pathfinder Program which demonstrated advanced space transportation technologies through the use of flight experiments and experimental vehicles. These technology demonstrators and flight experiments supported the Agency's goal of dramatically reducing the cost of access to space and defined the future of space transportation pushing technology into a new era of space...
Topic: What -- Dawn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2954
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept depicts the X-34 Demonstrator in flight. Part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-34 was a reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2269
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the completely operational International Space Station being approached by an X-33 Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV). The X-33 program was designed to pave the way to a full-scale, commercially developed RLV as the flagship technology demonstrator for technologies that would lower the cost of access to space. It is unpiloted, taking off vertically like a rocket, reaching an altitude of up to 60 miles and speeds between Mach 13 and 15, and landing horizontally like an...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2260
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the X-37 Demonstrator re-entry. After being launched from the cargo bay of a Shuttle as a secondary payload, the X-37 remains on-orbit up to 21 days performing a variety of experiments before re-entering the Earth's atmosphere and landing. These vehicles supported the Agency's goal of dramatically reducing the cost of access to space in attempt to define the future of space transportation. The X-37 program was discontinued in 2003.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2951
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is the X-34 Demonstrator, part of the Pathfinder Program, being attached to an aircraft. After takeoff, the X-34 would be launched from the aircraft to begin its mission. The Pathfinder Program flight experiments would demonstrate a number of advanced launch vehicles and spacecraft technologies such as nontraditional propulsion systems, improvements and irnovations to conventional propulsion systems, safe abort capabilities, vehicle health management systems, composite structures, and...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2273
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the X-38 Crew Return Vehicle (CRV). The X-38 will take place of the Russian Soyuz capsule and is well underway on development for the International Space Station. The Soyuz can only stay on orbit for six months as opposed to three years for the CRV.
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1729
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) launch. The RBCC's overall objective is to provide a technology test bed to investigate critical technologies associated with opperational usage of these engines. The program will focus on near term technologies that can be leveraged to ultimately serve as the near term basis for Two Stage to Orbit (TSTO) air breathing propulsions systems and ultimately a Single Stage To Orbit (SSTO) air breathing propulsion system.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=579
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The wedge-shaped X-33 was a sub-scale technology demonstration prototype of a Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV). Through demonstration flights and ground research, NASA's X-33 program was to provide the information needed for industry representatives such as Lockheed Martin (builder of the X-33 Venture Star) to decide by the year 2000 whether to proceed with the development of a full-scale, commercial RLV program. This program would dramatically increase reliability and lower the costs of putting a...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2261
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's conception of the X-37 Demonstrator descending down left. As part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-37 flight experiment demonstrates advanced space transportation technologies through the use of flight experiments. These vehicles supported the Agency's goal of dramatically reducing the cost of access to space in attempt to define the future of space transportation. The X-37 program was discontinued in 2003.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2949
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the X-34 reusable technology testbed demonstrator on-orbit. The X-34 was designed to demonstrate technologies that are essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2263
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept depicts the X-34 Demonstrator sitting on a runway. Part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-34 was a reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2270
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the X-34 reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center, the X-34 was capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2267
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept depicts the X-34 Demonstrator landing in a dessert. Part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-34 was a reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2271
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's conception of the X-37 Demonstrator ascending left upright. As part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-37 flight experiment demonstrates advanced space transportation technologies through the use of flight experiments. These vehicles supported the Agency's goal of dramatically reducing the cost of access to space in attempt to define the future of space transportation. The X-37 program was discontinued in 2003.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2950
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the X-34 Demonstrator, a reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2266
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An artist's concept of a space based vehicle using the Propulsive Small Expendable Deployer System (ProSEDS) to generate its thrust to maintain orbit without using a propellant. ProSEDS will obtain thrust as the current flowing through the tether experiences a drag force due to interaction with the Earth's magnetic field. Drag force is coupled mechanically to the stage via the tether, thus lowering the stage's orbital altitude.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1727
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept depicts the X-34 Demonstrator in flight. Part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-34 was a reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2268
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The business end of a Second Stage (S-II) slowly emerges from the shipping container as workers prepare to transport the Saturn V component to the testing facility at MSFC. The Second Stage (S-II) underwent vibration and engine firing tests. The towering 363-foot Saturn V was a multi-stage, multi-engine launch vehicle standing taller than the Statue of Liberty. Altogether, the Saturn V engines produced as much power as 85 Hoover Dams.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2198
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Sweet tasting protein isolated from an African plant. It has commercial potential as a sweetener because of its potency and stability over a wide pH range.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=237
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Protein isolated from hen egg-white and functions as a bacteriostatic enzyme by degrading bacterial cell walls. First enzyme ever characterized by protein crystallography. It is used as an excellent model system for better understanding parameters involved in microgravity experiments with data from laboratory experiments to study the equilibrium rate of hanging drop experiments in microgravity.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=234
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Along with hemoglobin the primary oxygen storage and transport proteins in all higher animals including humans. Important for medical reasons because they are primary blood proteins.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=235
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Both (Porcine and bacterial) starch degrading enzymes highly valued by the biotechnology industry. (Porcine) A major target for protein engineering and the study of diabetes, obesity and dental care. (Bacterial) Major industrial and biotechnology interest used in brewing, baking, and food processing. World's number one industrial protein.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=231
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This virus is the Spherical T=1 icosahedral satellite virus of classical rod virus TMV, and is a plant pathogen. Important in the study of virus structure, RNA structure and virus assembly.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=236
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The demetalized form of the major iron storage protein from horse spleen.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=229
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a enzyme, plant chitinase, believed to be a defensive enzyme to discourage invasion of plant tissue by insects.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=232
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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(Rabbit) Converts the major storage form of high energy phosphate (creatine phosphate) to usable energy form (ATP). A major muscle enzyme and implicated in some muscle diseases.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=233
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept illustrates the NERVA (Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application) engine's hot bleed cycle in which a small amount of hydrogen gas is diverted from the thrust nozzle, thus eliminating the need for a separate system to drive the turbine. The NERVA engine, based on KIWI nuclear reactor technology, would power a RIFT (Reactor-In-Flight-Test) nuclear stage, for which the Marshall Space Flight Center had development responsibility.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2156
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Researchers have found that as melted metals and alloys (combinations of metals) solidify, they can form with different arrangements of atoms, called microstructures. These microstructures depend on the shape of the interface (boundary) between the melted metal and the solid crystal it is forming. There are generally three shapes that the interface can take: planar, or flat; cellular, which looks like the cells of a beehive; and dendritic, which resembles tiny fir trees. Convection at this...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=195
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Wake Shield Facility (WSF) is a free-flying research and development facility that is designed to use the pure vacuum of space to conduct scientific research in the development of new materials. The thin film materials technology developed by the WSF could some day lead to applications such as faster electronics components for computers.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=191
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Space Tug concept, proposed as a reusable multipurpose space vehicle to transport payloads to different orbital inclinations, was intended to serve as an important link between the Space Shuttle and the Space Station or any other orbital element requiring crew and/or cargo transportation. The Marshall Space Flight Center managed NASA's Space Tug activities. The Space Tug program was cancelled and did not become a reality.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1806
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The manipulation of organic materials--cells, tissues, and even living organisms--offers many exciting possibilities for the future from organic computers to improved aquaculture. Commercial researchers are using the microgravity environment to produce large near perfect protein crystals Research on insulin has yielded crystals that far surpass the quality of insulin crystals grown on the ground. Using these crystals industry partners are working to develop new and improved treatments for...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=192
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Test cells comprise specimen sand contained in a latex membrane (with a grid pattern for CCD cameras) between metal end plates and housed in a water-filled Lexan jacket. Experiment flown on STS-79 and STS-89. Principal Investigator: Dr. Stein Sture.
Topics: What -- STS-79, What -- STS-89
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=169
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Computed tomography (CT) images of resin-impregnated Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) specimens are assembled to provide 3-D volume renderings of density patterns formed by dislocation under the external loading stress profile applied during the experiments. Experiments flown on STS-79 and STS-89. Principal Investigator: Dr. Stein Sture
Topics: What -- STS-79, What -- STS-89
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=168
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Fluid Physics is study of the motion of fluids and the effects of such motion. When a liquid is heated from the bottom to the boiling point in Earth's microgravity, small bubbles of heated gas form near the bottom of the container and are carried to the top of the liquid by gravity-driven convective flows. In the same setup in microgravity, the lack of convection and buoyancy allows the heated gas bubbles to grow larger and remain attached to the container's bottom for a significantly longer...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=190
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Researchers' at Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute, in Buffalo, N.Y. have analyzed the molecular structures of insulin crystals grown during Space Shuttle experiments and are unlocking the mystery of how insulin works.
Topic: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=170
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Researchers have found that as melted metals and alloys (combinations of metals) solidify, they can form with different arrangements of atoms, called microstructures. These microstructures depend on the shape of the interface (boundary) between the melted metal and the solid crystal it is forming. There are generally three shapes that the interface can take: planar, or flat; cellular, which looks like the cells of a beehive; and dendritic, which resembles tiny fir trees. Convection at this...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=194
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Like many chemicals in the body, the three-dimensional structure of insulin is extremely complex. When grown on the ground, insulin crystals do not grow as large or as ordered as researchers desire--obscuring the blueprint of the insulin molecules.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=171
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun was the subject of countless television programs produced both inside and outside of NASA. He is shown here in this undated photograph preparing for one such film session.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1936
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Representing the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Headquarters and the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), these officials performed the major work in the formation of MSFC. (Left to right) Delmar M. Morris, Deputy Director for Administration, MSFC; Eberhard Rees, Deputy Director for Research and Development, MSFC; Dr. Wernher von Braun, Director, MSFC; Dr. T. Keith Glernan, NASA Administrator; and Maj. Gen. Don R. Ostrander, Director, Office of Launch Vehicle Program, NASA
Topics: Where -- NASA Headquarters, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=846
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photo, taken at the Walt Disney Studios in California, Dr. Wernher von Braun and Dr. Ernst Stuhlinger are shown discussing the concepts of nuclear-electric spaceships designed to undertake the mission to the planet Mars. As a part of the Disney "Tomorrowland" series on the exploration of space, the nuclear-electric vehicles were shown in the last three television films, entitled "Mars and Beyond," which first aired in December 1957.
Topics: What -- Mars, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1460
NASA Images
Nov 20, 2009 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), a natural bacteria found all over the Earth, has a fairly novel way of getting rid of unwanted insects. Bt forms a protein substance (shown on the right) that is not harmful to humans, birds, fish or other vertebrates. When eaten by insect larvae the protein causes a fatal loss of appetite. For over 25 years agricultural chemical companies have relied heavily upon safe Bt pesticides. New space based research promises to give the insecticide a new dimension in...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=141