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NASA Images
Oct 7, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Four hundred years ago, sky watchers, including the famous astronomer Johannes Kepler, best known as the discoverer of the laws of planetary motion, were startled by the sudden appearance of a new star in the western sky, rivaling the brilliance of the nearby planets. Modern astronomers, using NASA's three orbiting Great Observatories, are unraveling the mysteries of the expanding remains of Kepler's supernova, the last such object seen to explode in our Milky Way galaxy. When a new star...
Topics: What -- SST, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Visible Light, What -- Advanced Camera...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3048
NASA Images
Sep 24, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronomers have used an x-ray image to make the first detailed study of the behavior of high-energy particles around a fast moving pulsar. This image, from NASA's Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), shows the shock wave created as a pulsar plows supersonically through interstellar space. These results will provide insight into theories for the production of powerful winds of matter and antimatter by pulsars. Chandra's image of the glowing cloud, known as the Mouse, shows a stubby bright column of...
Topics: What -- FAST, What -- Very Large Array, Where -- New Mexico, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3060
NASA Images
Sep 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Except for a small portion of the International Space Station (ISS) in the foreground, Hurricane Ivan, one of the strongest hurricanes on record, fills this image over the northern Gulf of Mexico. As the downgraded category 4 storm approached landfall on the Alabama coast Wednesday afternoon on September 15, 2004, sustained winds in the eye of the wall were reported at about 135 mph. The hurricane was photographed by astronaut Edward M. (Mike) Fincke from aboard the ISS at an altitude of...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Gulf of Mexico, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3059
NASA Images
Sep 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image hosts a look into the eye of Hurricane Ivan, one of the strongest hurricanes on record, as the storm approached landfall on the central Gulf coast Wednesday afternoon on September 15, 2004. The hurricane was photographed by astronaut Edward M. (Mike) Fincke from aboard the International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude of approximately 230 miles. At the time, sustained winds in the eye of the wall were reported at about 135 mph as the downgraded category 4 storm approached the...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3058
NASA Images
Sep 13, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Space Shuttle External Tank 120 is shown here during transfer in NASA?s Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans. Slated for launch on the Orbiter Discovery scheduled for next Spring, the tank will be erected vertically in preparation for its new foam application process on the liquid hydrogen tank-to-inter tank flange area, a tank structural connection point. The foam will be applied with an enhanced finishing procedure that requires two technicians, one for a new mold-injection procedure...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3053
NASA Images
Sep 13, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In NASA?s Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans, the Space Shuttle External Tank 120 is in position for its new foam application process on the liquid hydrogen tank-to-inter tank flange area, a tank structural connection point. This image is a close-up of the inter tank flange area. The foam will be applied with an enhanced finishing procedure that requires two technicians, one for a new mold-injection procedure to the intertank?s ribbing and one for real-time videotaped surveillance of the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3054
NASA Images
Sep 13, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Space Shuttle External Tank 120 is shown here in its vertical position in NASA?s Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans. Slated for launch on the Orbiter Discovery scheduled for next Spring, the tank is in position for its new foam application process on the liquid hydrogen tank-to-inter tank flange area, a tank structural connection point. The foam will be applied with an enhanced finishing procedure that requires two technicians, one for a new mold-injection procedure to the intertank?s...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3052
NASA Images
Sep 11, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image hosts a look at the eye of Hurricane Ivan, one of the strongest hurricanes on record, as the storm topped the western Caribbean Sea on Saturday, September 11, 2004. The hurricane was photographed by astronaut Edward M. (Mike) Fincke from aboard the International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude of approximately 230 miles. At the time, the category 5 storm sustained winds in the eye of the wall that were reported at about 160 mph. Crew Earth Observations record Earth surface changes...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Caribbean Sea
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3057
NASA Images
Aug 23, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This spectacular Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO) image of the supernova remnant Cassiopeia A is the most detailed image ever made of the remains of an exploded star. The one-million-second image shows a bright outer ring (green) 10 light years in diameter that marks the location of a shock wave generated by the supernova explosion. In the upper left corner is a large jet-like structure that protrudes beyond the shock wave, and a counter-jet can be seen on the lower right. The x-ray spectra show...
Topics: What -- Cassiopeia, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3047
NASA Images
Aug 13, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image of the galaxy cluster Abell 2125, provided by the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), reveals several massive multimillion degree Celsius gas clouds that appear to be in the process of merging. Ten of the point-like sources are associated with galaxies in the cluster and the rest are probably distant background galaxies. The small bright feature in the extreme lower right-hand corner is probably a background galaxy cluster not associated with Abell 2125. The bright gas cloud on the...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Very Large Array, What -- Enterprise, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3050
NASA Images
Aug 13, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This panoramic view of Hurricane Charley was photographed by the Expedition 9 crew aboard the International Space Station (ISS) on August 13, 2004, at a vantage point just north of Tampa, Florida. The small eye was not visible in this view, but the raised cloud tops near the center coincide roughly with the time that the storm began to rapidly strengthen. The category 2 hurricane was moving north-northwest at 18 mph packing winds of 105 mph. Crew Earth Observations record Earth surface changes...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Florida
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3049
NASA Images
Aug 12, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA?s Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO) was launched July 22, 1999 aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia, STS-93 mission. This image was produced by combining a dozen CXO observations made of a 130 light-year region in the center of the Milky Way over the last 5 years. The colors represent low (red), medium (green) and high (blue) energy x-rays. Thanks to Chandra's unique resolving power, astronomers have now been able to identify thousands of point-like x-ray sources due to neutron stars, black...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-93, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3051
NASA Images
Jul 28, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The grand opening of NASA?s new, world-class laboratory for research into future space transportation technologies located at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama, took place in July 2004. The state-of-the-art Propulsion Research Laboratory (PRL) serves as a leading national resource for advanced space propulsion research. Its purpose is to conduct research that will lead to the creation and development of innovative propulsion technologies for space exploration. The...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3056
NASA Images
Jul 28, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The grand opening of NASA?s new, world-class laboratory for research into future space transportation technologies located at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama, took place in July 2004. The state-of-the-art Propulsion Research Laboratory (PRL) serves as a leading national resource for advanced space propulsion research. Its purpose is to conduct research that will lead to the creation and development of innovative propulsion technologies for space exploration. The...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3055
NASA Images
Jul 12, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This soldering iron has an evacuated copper capsule at the tip that contains a pellet of Bulk Metallic Glass (BMG) aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Prior to flight, researchers sealed a pellet of bulk metallic glass mixed with microscopic gas-generating particles into the copper ampoule under vacuum. Once heated in space, such as in this photograph, the particles generated gas and the BMG becomes a viscous liquid. The released gas made the sample foam within the capsule where each...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3893
NASA Images
Jul 12, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Mike Fincke places droplets of honey onto the strings for the Fluid Merging Viscosity Measurement (FMVM) investigation onboard the International Space Station (ISS). The FMVM experiment measures the time it takes for two individual highly viscous fluid droplets to coalesce or merge into one droplet. Different fluids and droplet size combinations were tested in the series of experiments. By using the microgravity environment, researchers can measure the viscosity or...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3891
NASA Images
Jul 3, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Mike Fincke places droplets of honey onto the strings for the Fluid Merging Viscosity Measurement (FMVM) investigation onboard the International Space Station (ISS). The FMVM experiment measures the time it takes for two individual highly viscous fluid droplets to coalesce or merge into one droplet. Different fluids and droplet size combinations were tested in the series of experiments. By using the microgravity environment, researchers can measure the viscosity or...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3892
NASA Images
May 11, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Teamed with KeyMaster Technologies, Kennewick, Washington, the Marshall Space Flight Center engineers have developed a portable vacuum analyzer that performs on-the-spot chemical analyses under field conditions? a task previously only possible in a chemical laboratory. The new capability is important not only to the aerospace industry, but holds potential for broad applications in any industry that depends on materials analysis, such as the automotive and pharmaceutical industries. Weighing in...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Washington,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2938
NASA Images
May 11, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Space Flight Center engineers have teamed with KeyMaster Technologies, Kennewick, Washington, to develop a portable vacuum analyzer that performs on-the-spot chemical analyses under field conditions, a task previously only possible in a chemical laboratory. The new capability is important not only to the aerospace industry, but holds potential for broad applications in any industry that depends on materials analysis, such as the automotive and pharmaceutical industries. Weighing in at...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2929
NASA Images
Apr 22, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA structural materials engineers at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama developed a high-strength aluminum alloy for aerospace applications with higher strength and wear-resistance at elevated temperatures. The alloy is a solution to reduce costs of aluminum engine pistons and lower engine emissions for the automobile industry. The Boats and Outboard Engines Division at Bombardier Recreational Products of Sturtevant, Wisconsin is using the alloy for pistons in its...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama, Where -- Wisconsin, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2932
NASA Images
Apr 22, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA structural materials engineer, Jonathan Lee, displays blocks and pistons as examples of some of the uses for NASA?s patented high-strength aluminum alloy originally developed at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. NASA desired an alloy for aerospace applications with higher strength and wear-resistance at elevated temperatures. The alloy is a solution to reduce costs of aluminum engine pistons and lower engine emissions for the automobile industry. The Boats and Outboard...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama, Where -- Wisconsin
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2931
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the X-37 Demonstrator re-entry. After being launched from the cargo bay of a Shuttle as a secondary payload, the X-37 remains on-orbit up to 21 days performing a variety of experiments before re-entering the Earth's atmosphere and landing. These vehicles supported the Agency's goal of dramatically reducing the cost of access to space in attempt to define the future of space transportation. The X-37 program was discontinued in 2003.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2951
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Early Chinese rockets were used in warfare and celebrations. In fact, the origin of the rocket is shown simply in these Chinese characters. They stand for both "rocket" and "fire arrow.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1869
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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By the end of the 19th Century, a Russian theorist, Konstantian Tsiolkovsky, was examining the fundamental scientific theories behind rocketry. He made some pioneering studies in liquid chemical rocket concepts and recommended liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen as the optimum propellants. In the 1920's, Tsiolkovsky analyzed and mathematically formulated the technique for staged vehicles to reach escape velocities from Earth.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=854
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In 1650, a Polish artillery expert, Kazimierz Siemienowicz, published a series of drawings for a staged rocket. These drawing were recreated by artist Larry Toschik
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=852
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun with a model of a V2 rocket.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=919
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Tribology-the study of friction, lubrication, and wear of surfaces in relative motion-is the subject of many tests and evaluation being conducted at Marshall Space Flight Center. Marshall's need to develop state-of-the-art tribological materials and components for NASA's on-going space program is spurring these technological advances. High speed, high performance machinery is plagued by periodic mainteneance and replacement of worn parts. Tribology investigations are important to manufacturers...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=617
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Like many chemicals in the body, the three-dimensional structure of insulin is extremely complex. When grown on the ground, insulin crystals do not grow as large or as ordered as researchers desire--obscuring the blueprint of the insulin molecules.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=171
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Technology derived by NASA for monitoring control gyros in the Skylab program is directly applicable to the problems of fault detection of railroad wheel bearings. Marhsall Space Flight Center's scientists have developed a detection concept based on the fact that bearing defects excite resonant frequency of rolling elements of the bearing as they impact the defect. By detecting resonant frequency and subsequently analyzing the character of this signal, bearing defects may be detected and...
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=645
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) launch. The RBCC's overall objective is to provide a technology test bed to investigate critical technologies associated with opperational usage of these engines. The program will focus on near term technologies that can be leveraged to ultimately serve as the near term basis for Two Stage to Orbit (TSTO) air breathing propulsions systems and ultimately a Single Stage To Orbit (SSTO) air breathing propulsion system.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=579
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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These are images of CGEL-2 samples taken during STS-95. They show binary colloidal suspensions that have formed ordered crystalline structures in microgravity. In sample 5, there are more particles therefore, many, many crystallites (small crystals) form. In sample 6, there are less particles therefore, the particles are far apart and few, much larger crystallites form. The white object in the right corner of sample 5 is the stir bar used to mix the sample at the begirning of the mission.
Topic: What -- STS-95
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=632
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Advanced Gradient Heating Facility (AGHF) is a European Space Agency (ESA) developed hardware. The AGHF was flown on STS-78, which featured four European PI's and two NASA PI's. The AGHFsupports the production of advanced semiconductor materials and alloys using the directional process, which depends on establishing a hot side and a cold side in the sample.
Topic: What -- STS-78
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=108
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's collage of every phase of an X-34 Demonstrator's flight, from launch to landing. An X-34 was launched from an airplane, then proceeded to obtain an on-orbit altitude where it could remain for up to 21 days performing various experiments. At the conclusion of its mission, the X-34 returned to the Earth's atmosphere for a runway landing. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2262
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the X-34 reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center, the X-34 was capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2267
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engine for the Jupiter rocket. The Jupiter vehicle was a direct derivative of the Redstone. The Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, continued Jupiter development into a successful intermediate ballistic missile, even though the Department of Defense directed its operational development to the Air Force. ABMA maintained a role in Jupiter RD, including high-altitude launches that added to ABMA's understanding of rocket vehicle operations in the near-Earth space...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=872
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Waterblast Research Cell supports development of automated systems that remove thermal protection materials and coatings from space flight hardware. These systems remove expended coatings without harsh chemicals or damaging underlying material. Potential applications of this technology include the removal of coatings from industrial machinery, aircraft, and other large structures. Use of the robot improves worker safety by reducing the exposure of persornel to high-pressure water. This...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=613
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun is looking out from a 10th floor window of building 4200 at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). He was the first Center Director and served as the Director from July 1960 through February 1970. Following World War II, Dr. von Braun and his German colleagues arrived in the United States under the Project Paperclip (American acquisition of German rocket experts) to continue their rocket development work. In 1950, von Braun and his German Rocket Team (also called the Peenemuende...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- United States...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1468
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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They sounded more like fireworks than rockets but the Chinese used rockets in battle.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1868
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astroculture is a suite of technologies used to produce and maintain a closed controlled environment for plant growth. The two most recent missions supported growth of potato, dwarf wheat, and mustard plants, and provided scientists with the first opportunity to conduct true plant research in space. Light emitting diodes have particular usefulness for plant growth lighting because they emit a much smaller amount of radiant heat than do conventional lighting sources and because they have...
Topic: What -- Opportunity
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=138
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is a component of the Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) engine. This engine was designed to ultimately serve as the near term basis for Two Stage to Orbit (TSTO) air breathing propulsion systems and ultimately a Single Stage to Orbit (SSTO) air breathing propulsion system.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=584
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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By the end of the 19th century, soldiers, sailors, and practical and not-so practical inventors, had developed a stake in rocketry. Skillful theorists, like Konstantian Tsiolkovsky in Russia, were examining the fundamental scientific theories behind rocketry. They were begirning to consider the possibility of space travel
Topic: Where -- Russia
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=853
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A NASA official inspects the results of Convergent Spray Technology used to resurface a bridge on Interstate 65 near Lacon, Alabama. Originally developed by USBI to apply a heat resistant coating to the Space Shuttle's Solid Rocket Boosters, the environment-friendly technology reduces the required worktime from days to hours.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=623
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Alabama Department of Transportation workers utilize Convergent Spray Technology to resurface a bridge on Interstate 65 near Lacon, Alabama. Originally developed by USBI to apply a heat resistant coating to the Space Shuttle's Solid Rocket Boosters, the environment-friendly technology reduces the required worktime from days to hours.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=621
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A semiconductor's usefulness is determined by how atoms are ordered within the crystal's underlying three-dimensional structure. While this mercury telluride and cadmium telluride alloy sample mixes completely in Earth -based laboratories, convective flows prevent them from mixing uniformly.
Topics: What -- Mercury, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=172
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The demetalized form of the major iron storage protein from horse spleen.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=229
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Typical picture of a dendrite: Notice how the branch on the left has no arms coming off the top. This is because of the convective forces (hot liquid rises) that the top of the branch is not solidifying (growing arms) like the bottom, cooler area. The is a gravitational effect. This does not happen in space.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=224
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Less interested in the scientific fundamentals of rocketry, many writers of popular literature and science fiction discovered one of the most vital elements in the formula for space travel, a fertile imagination. Under the impression that the sun "draws up" dewdrops, Cyrano de Bergerac suggested fancifully that one might fly by trapping dew in bottles, strapping the bottles to oneself, and standing in sunlight.
Topic: What -- Sun
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1879
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photo, taken at the Walt Disney Studios in California, Dr. Wernher von Braun and Dr. Ernst Stuhlinger are shown discussing the concepts of nuclear-electric spaceships designed to undertake the mission to the planet Mars. As a part of the Disney "Tomorrowland" series on the exploration of space, the nuclear-electric vehicles were shown in the last three television films, entitled "Mars and Beyond," which first aired in December 1957.
Topics: What -- Mars, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1460
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun was the subject of countless television programs produced both inside and outside of NASA. He is shown here in this undated photograph preparing for one such film session.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1936
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Boussard Interstellar Ramjet engine concept uses interstellar hydrogen scooped up from its environment as the spacecraft passes by to provide propellant mass. The hydrogen is then ionized and then collected by an electromagentic field. In this image, an onboard laser is uded to heat the plasma, and the laser or electron beam is used to trigger fusion pulses thereby creating propulsion.
Topic: What -- Beam
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=585
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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World War I enlisted rockets once again for military purposes. French pilots rigged rockets to the wing struts of their airplanes and aimed them at enemy observation balloons filled with highly inflammable hydrogen.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1850
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), a natural bacteria found all over the Earth, has a fairly novel way of getting rid of unwanted insects. Bt forms a protein substance (shown on the right) that is not harmful to humans, birds, fish or other vertebrates. When eaten by insect larvae the protein causes a fatal loss of appetite. For over 25 years agricultural chemical companies have relied heavily upon safe Bt pesticides. New space based research promises to give the insecticide a new dimension in...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=141
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Test cells comprise specimen sand contained in a latex membrane (with a grid pattern for CCD cameras) between metal end plates and housed in a water-filled Lexan jacket. Experiment flown on STS-79 and STS-89. Principal Investigator: Dr. Stein Sture.
Topics: What -- STS-79, What -- STS-89
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=169
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Alabama Department of Transportation workers utilize Convergent Spray Technology to resurface a bridge on Interstate 65 near Lacon, Alabama. Originally developed by USBI to apply a heat resistant coating to the Space Shuttle's Solid Rocket Boosters, the environment-friendly technology reduces the required worktime from days to hours.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=620
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Comparison of Germanium Telluride (GeTe) Crystals grown on Earth (left) and in space (right) during the Skylab SL-3 mission. These crystals were grown using a vapor transport crystal growth method in the Multipurpose Electric Furnace System (MEFS). Crystals grown on earth are needles and platelettes with distorted surfaces and hollow growth habits. The length of the ground-based needle is approximately 2 mm and the average lenth of the platelets is 1 mm. The dull appearance of the Skylab...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=82
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image is an artist's conception of the Pegasus, meteoroid detection satellite, in orbit with meteoroid detector extended. The satellite, a payload for Saturn I SA-8, SA-9, and SA-10 missions, was used to obtain data on frequency and penetration of the potentially hazardous micrometeoroids in low Earth orbits and to relay the information back to Earth.
Topics: What -- Pegasus, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1526
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photograph, Amputee Amie Bradly uses a NASA-developed prosthesis to paint her fingernails. Derived from foam insulation technology used to protect the Space Shuttle External Tank from excessive heat, FAB/CAD, a subsidiary of the Harshberger Prosthetic and Orthotic Center, utilized the technology to replace the heavy, fragile plaster they used to produce master molds for prosthetics. The new material was lighter, cheaper and easier to manufacture than plaster, resulting in lower costs to...
Topic: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=611
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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All through the 13th to the 15th Centuries there were reports of many rocket experiments. For example, Joanes de Fontana of Italy designed a surface-rurning, rocket-powered torpedo for setting enemy ships on fire
Topic: Where -- Italy
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1871
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured here is an artist's concept of the experimental X-33 in-flight. The X-33 program was designed to pave the way to a full-scale commercially developed, reusable launch vehicle (RLV). The program that will put the U.S. on a path toward safe, affordable, reliable access to space by providing the latest technology was ready for space flight. The X-33 is the flagship technology demonstrator for technologies that will dramatically lower the cost of access to space. The X-33 program was...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2255
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This undated chart provides a description of the Saturn IB and Saturn V's Instrument Unit (IU) and its major components. Designed by NASA at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the Instrument Unit, sandwiched between the S-IVB stage and the Apollo spacecraft, served as the Saturn's "nerve center" providing guidance and control, command and sequence of vehicle functions, telemetry, and environmental control.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1027
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Sir William Congreve developed a rocket with a range of about 9,000 feet. The incendiary rocket used black powder, an iron case, and a 16-foot guide stick. In 1806, British used Congreve rockets to attack Napoleon's headquarters in France. In 1807, Congreve directed a rocket attack against Copenhagen.
Topics: Where -- France, Where -- Copenhagen
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=850
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The launch of the Scout launch vehicle at the Wallops Flight Facility, VA
Topic: Where -- Wallops Flight Facility
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=916
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Jules Verne published his first science fiction novel in 1865 called "From the Earth to the Moon." As shown here in an illustration, passengers in Verne's space ship enjoy their first taste of weightlessness.
Topics: What -- Jules Verne, What -- Earth, What -- Moon
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1880
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This picture is an artist's concept of an orbiting vehicle using the Electrodynamic Tethers Propulsion System. Relatively short electrodynamic tethers can use solar power to push against a planetary magnetic field to achieve propulsion without the expenditure of propellant.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1728
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Technicians install the Laminar Soot Processes (LSP) experiment into the combustion chamber of Combustion Module-1. CM-1 was one of the most complex and technologically sophisticated pieces of hardware ever to be included as a part of a Spacelab mission.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=247
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Over a billion of mostly third world people are infected with a roundworm known as ascarids. Ascarids are tiny parasites that infect the intestinal tract of vertebrates. Movement of the larvae into the brain or other parts of the body can prove fatal. Space-based research is providing new hope in combating these parasitic worms. Ascarids are dependent upon a substance known as malic enzyme to regulate certain bodily functions. A new drug designed to interfere with normal functioning of malic...
Topics: What -- USML 1, Where -- Texas
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=132
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Some of the earliest concerns about fluid behavior in microgravity was the management of propellants in spacecraft tanks as they orbited the Earth. On the ground, gravity pulls a fluid to a bottom of a tank (ig, left). In orbit, fluid behavior depends on surface tension, viscosity, wetting effects with the container wall, and other factors. In some cases, a propellant can wet a tank and leave a large gas bubbles in the center (ug, right). Similar probelms can affect much smaller experiments...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3101
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This figure is a line drawing of the J-2 engine with callouts of the major components and the engine characteristics.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1129
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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To the crystallographer, this may not be a diamond but it is just as priceless. A Lysozyme crystal grown in orbit looks great under a microscope, but the real test is X-ray crystallography. The colors are caused by polarizing filters. Proteins can form crystals generated by rows and columns of molecules that form up like soldiers on a parade ground. Shining X-rays through a crystal will produce a pattern of dots that can be decoded to reveal the arrangement of the atoms in the molecules making...
Topics: What -- Visible Light, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=637
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's conception of the X-37 Demonstrator ascending left upright. As part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-37 flight experiment demonstrates advanced space transportation technologies through the use of flight experiments. These vehicles supported the Agency's goal of dramatically reducing the cost of access to space in attempt to define the future of space transportation. The X-37 program was discontinued in 2003.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2950
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the X-34 reusable technology testbed demonstrator on-orbit. The X-34 was designed to demonstrate technologies that are essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2263
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Power Pads, shown here, were designed to support and cushion horses' hooves while walking, rurning, and jumping, thus reducing the risk of injury. The pads utilize magnets implanted in the pads to increase blood circulation, not only reducing the chance of injury, but also speeding up the healing process if an injury does occur. Marshall Space Flight Center materials engineer Deborah Dianne Schmidt and materials technician Anthony Schaffer contributed to the design by providing fatigue stress...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=619
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Firefighters are like astronauts. They both face dangerous, even hostile environments such as a building full of fire and the vacuum of space. They are both get breathing air from tanks on their backs. Early in the 1970's, NASA began working to improve firefighter breathing systems, which had hardly changed since the 1940s. NASA's Johnson Space Center conducted a 4-year program that applied technology from the portable life support systems used by Apollo astronauts on the moon. The new...
Topics: What -- Moon, Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1840
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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During the Space Shuttle development phase, Marshall plarners concluded a Heavy Lift Launch Vehicle (HLLV) would be needed for successful Space Industrialization. Shown here in this 1976's artist's conception is an early version of the HLLV during launch.
Topic: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1531
NASA Images
Apr 15, 2004 NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In addition to Dr. Robert Goddard's pioneering work, American experimentation in rocketry prior to World War II grew, primarily in technical societies. This is an early rocket motor designed and developed by the American Rocket Society in 1932.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1852