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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo program demonstrated that men could travel into space, perform useful tasks there, and return safely to Earth. But space had to be more accessible. This led to the development of the Space Shuttle. The Shuttle's major components are the orbiter spacecraft; the three main engines, with a combined thrust of more than 1.2 million pounds; the huge external tank (ET) that feeds the liquid hydrogen fuel and liquid oxygen oxidizer to the three main engines; and the two solid rocket boosters...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1861
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 471

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This cutaway illustration shows the Saturn V S-IC (first) stage with detailed callouts of the components. The S-IC Stage is 138 feet long and 33 feet in diameter, producing 7,500,000 pounds of thrust through five F-1 engines that are powered by liquid oxygen and kerosene. Four of the engines are mounted on an outer ring and gimbal for control purposes. The fifth engine is rigidly mounted in the center. When ignited, the roar produced by the five engines equals the sound of 8,000,000 hi-fi sets.
Topic: What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1075
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 232

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Pictured is an artist's concept of the Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) launch. The RBCC's overall objective is to provide a technology test bed to investigate critical technologies associated with opperational usage of these engines. The program will focus on near term technologies that can be leveraged to ultimately serve as the near term basis for Two Stage to Orbit (TSTO) air breathing propulsions systems and ultimately a Single Stage To Orbit (SSTO) air breathing propulsion system.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=582
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 507

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Dr. von Braun is looking out from a 10th floor window of building 4200 at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). He was the first Center Director and served as the Director from July 1960 through February 1970. Following World War II, Dr. von Braun and his German colleagues arrived in the United States under the Project Paperclip (American acquisition of German rocket experts) to continue their rocket development work. In 1950, von Braun and his German Rocket Team (also called the Peenemuende...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- United States...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1468
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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eye 191

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The wedge-shaped X-33 was a sub-scale technology demonstration prototype of a Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV). Through demonstration flights and ground research, NASA's X-33 program was to provide the information needed for industry representatives such as Lockheed Martin (builder of the X-33 Venture Star) to decide by the year 2000 whether to proceed with the development of a full-scale, commercial RLV program. This program would dramatically increase reliability and lower the costs of putting a...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2261
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Andy Jenkins, an engineer for the Lab on a Chip Applications Development program, helped build the Applications Development Unit (ADU-25), a one-of-a-kind facility for controlling and analyzing processes on chips with extreme accuracy. Pressure is used to cause fluids to travel through network of fluid pathways, or micro-channels, embossed on the chips through a process similar to the one used to print circuits on computer chips. To make customized chips for various applications, NASA has an...
Topics: What -- CHIPS, What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3914
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is NASA's poster art for the X-34 technology Demonstrator. The X-34 was part of NASA's Pathfinder Program which demonstrated advanced space transportation technologies through the use of flight experiments and experimental vehicles. These technology demonstrators and flight experiments would support the Agency's goal of dramatically reducing the cost of access to space and would define the future of space transportation pushing technology into a new era of space development and...
Topic: What -- Dawn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2274
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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eye 378

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This is an artist's concept of the completely operational International Space Station being approached by an X-33 Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV). The X-33 program was designed to pave the way to a full-scale, commercially developed RLV as the flagship technology demonstrator for technologies that would lower the cost of access to space. It is unpiloted, taking off vertically like a rocket, reaching an altitude of up to 60 miles and speeds between Mach 13 and 15, and landing horizontally like an...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2260
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Robert H. Goddard loading a 1918 version of the Bazooka of World War II. From 1930 to 1941, Dr. Goddard made substantial progress in the development of progressively larger rockets, which attained altitudes of 2400 meters, and refined his equipment for guidance and control, his techniques of welding, and his insulation, pumps, and other associated equipment. In many respects, Dr. Goddard laid the essential foundations of practical rocket technology
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=855
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In NASA?s Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans, the Space Shuttle External Tank 120 is in position for its new foam application process on the liquid hydrogen tank-to-inter tank flange area, a tank structural connection point. This image is a close-up of the inter tank flange area. The foam will be applied with an enhanced finishing procedure that requires two technicians, one for a new mold-injection procedure to the intertank?s ribbing and one for real-time videotaped surveillance of the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3054
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's interpretation of a future launch complex for third generation propulsion reusable launch vehicles such as the X-33. The X-33 is a sub-scale technology demonstrator prototype of a Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV), with a vertical take off / horizontal landing (lifting body) concept, which was manufactured and named as the Venture Star by Lockheed Martin. The X-33 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2254
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Space Tug concept, proposed as a reusable multipurpose space vehicle to transport payloads to different orbital inclinations, was intended to serve as an important link between the Space Shuttle and the Space Station or any other orbital element requiring crew and/or cargo transportation. The Marshall Space Flight Center managed NASA's Space Tug activities. The Space Tug program was cancelled and did not become a reality.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1806
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Jules Verne published his first science fiction novel in 1865 called "From the Earth to the Moon." As shown here in an illustration, passengers in Verne's space ship enjoy their first taste of weightlessness.
Topics: What -- Jules Verne, What -- Earth, What -- Moon
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1880
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image is of the Andromeda spiral galaxy as seen through an optical telescope.
Topic: What -- Andromeda
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1381
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engine for the Jupiter rocket. The Jupiter vehicle was a direct derivative of the Redstone. The Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, continued Jupiter development into a successful intermediate ballistic missile, even though the Department of Defense directed its operational development to the Air Force. ABMA maintained a role in Jupiter RD, including high-altitude launches that added to ABMA's understanding of rocket vehicle operations in the near-Earth space...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=872
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Waterblast Research Cell supports development of automated systems that remove thermal protection materials and coatings from space flight hardware. These systems remove expended coatings without harsh chemicals or damaging underlying material. Potential applications of this technology include the removal of coatings from industrial machinery, aircraft, and other large structures. Use of the robot improves worker safety by reducing the exposure of persornel to high-pressure water. This...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=613
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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They sounded more like fireworks than rockets but the Chinese used rockets in battle.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1868
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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BioServe researcher Dr. Yi Li first flew plant experiments on board STS-63. Li discovered that exposure to microgravity increased a particular hormone concentration in plants. Since that time, Li has been able to manipulate this phenomenon and grow fruits, such as tomatoes, that overproduce the hormone, and these plants bear larger seedless fruit in the absence of pollination.
Topic: What -- STS-63
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=143
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Saturn 1 Launch summary of research and development flights and operational flights. NASA's initial development plan for the Saturn program had called for the Saturn I to serve as a stepping stone to the development of larger Saturn vehicles ultimately known as the Saturn IB and Saturn V. The Saturn I launch vehicle proved the feasibility of the clustered engines and provided significant new payload lifting capabilities.
Topic: What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=995
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept depicts the X-34 Demonstrator sitting on a runway. Part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-34 was a reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2270
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Harnessing the Sun's energy through Solar Thermal Propulsion will propel vehicles through space by significantly reducing weight, complexity, and cost while boosting performance over current conventional upper stages. Another solar powered system, solar electric propulsion, demonstrates ion propulsion is suitable for long duration missions. Pictured is an artist's concept of space flight using solar thermal propulsion.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=580
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Space Flight Center engineers helped North American Marine Jet (NAMJ), Inc. improve the proposed design of a new impeller for jet propulsion system. With a three-dimensional computer model of the new marine jet engine blades, engineers were able to quickly create a solid ploycarbonate model of it. The rapid prototyping allowed the company to avoid many time-consuming and costly steps in creating the impeller.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=615
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This undated cutaway drawing illustrates the Saturn IB launch vehicle with its two booster stages, the S-IB and S-IVB. Developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) as an interim vehicle in MSFC's "building block" approach to the Saturn rocket development, the Saturn IB utilized Saturn I technology to further develop and refine the larger boosters and the Apollo spacecraft capabilities required for the marned lunar missions.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1028
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The first known proposal for a marned-satellite appeared in a story by Edward Everett Hale entitled The Brick Moon. The story involved a group of young Bostonians who planned to put an artificial satellite into polar orbit for sailors to use to determine longitude accurately and easily.
Topics: What -- Moon, What -- Polar
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1883
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Representing the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Headquarters and the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), these officials performed the major work in the formation of MSFC. (Left to right) Delmar M. Morris, Deputy Director for Administration, MSFC; Eberhard Rees, Deputy Director for Research and Development, MSFC; Dr. Wernher von Braun, Director, MSFC; Dr. T. Keith Glernan, NASA Administrator; and Maj. Gen. Don R. Ostrander, Director, Office of Launch Vehicle Program, NASA
Topics: Where -- NASA Headquarters, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=846
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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As far back as 1821, sailors hunted whales using rocket-propelled harpoons. These rocket harpoons were launched from a shoulder-held tube equipped with a circular black shield.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1876
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Released to commemorate the 14th anniversary of NASA?s Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is the image of a galaxy cataloged as AM 0644-741. Resembling a diamond encrusted bracelet, the ring of brilliant blue star clusters wraps around a yellowish nucleus of what was once a normal spiral galaxy. Located 300 million light years away in the direction of the southern constellation Dorado, the sparkling blue ring is 150,000 light years in diameter, making it larger than our entire home galaxy, the Milky...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Constellation, What -- Dorado, What -- Advanced...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2927
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Space Shuttle External Tank 120 is shown here in its vertical position in NASA?s Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans. Slated for launch on the Orbiter Discovery scheduled for next Spring, the tank is in position for its new foam application process on the liquid hydrogen tank-to-inter tank flange area, a tank structural connection point. The foam will be applied with an enhanced finishing procedure that requires two technicians, one for a new mold-injection procedure to the intertank?s...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3052
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Science fiction writers, like Jules Verne in France and Edward Everett Hale in America, had discovered one of the most vital elements in the formula for space travel-a fertile imagination. The first known proposal for a marned-satellite appears in a story by Hale entitled "The Brick Moon" published in 1899. The story involved a group of young Bostonians who planned to put an artificial satellite into polar orbit for sailors to use to determine longitude accurately and easily. They...
Topics: What -- Jules Verne, What -- Moon, What -- Polar, What -- Earth, Where -- France
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1882
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), a natural bacteria found all over the Earth, has a fairly novel way of getting rid of unwanted insects. Bt forms a protein substance (shown on the right) that is not harmful to humans, birds, fish or other vertebrates. When eaten by insect larvae the protein causes a fatal loss of appetite. For over 25 years agricultural chemical companies have relied heavily upon safe Bt pesticides. New space based research promises to give the insecticide a new dimension in...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=141
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The grand opening of NASA?s new, world-class laboratory for research into future space transportation technologies located at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama, took place in July 2004. The state-of-the-art Propulsion Research Laboratory (PRL) serves as a leading national resource for advanced space propulsion research. Its purpose is to conduct research that will lead to the creation and development of innovative propulsion technologies for space exploration. The...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3056
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured here is an artist's concept of the experimental X-33 in-flight. The X-33 program was designed to pave the way to a full-scale commercially developed, reusable launch vehicle (RLV). The program that will put the U.S. on a path toward safe, affordable, reliable access to space by providing the latest technology was ready for space flight. The X-33 is the flagship technology demonstrator for technologies that will dramatically lower the cost of access to space. The X-33 program was...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2255
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This undated chart provides a description of the Saturn IB and Saturn V's Instrument Unit (IU) and its major components. Designed by NASA at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the Instrument Unit, sandwiched between the S-IVB stage and the Apollo spacecraft, served as the Saturn's "nerve center" providing guidance and control, command and sequence of vehicle functions, telemetry, and environmental control.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1027
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This picture is an artist's concept of an orbiting vehicle using the Electrodynamic Tethers Propulsion System. Relatively short electrodynamic tethers can use solar power to push against a planetary magnetic field to achieve propulsion without the expenditure of propellant.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1728
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Wake Shield Facility (WSF) is a free-flying research and development facility that is designed to use the pure vacuum of space to conduct scientific research in the development of new materials. The thin film materials technology developed by the WSF could some day lead to applications such as faster electronics components for computers.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=191
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's conception of the X-37 Demonstrator descending down left. As part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-37 flight experiment demonstrates advanced space transportation technologies through the use of flight experiments. These vehicles supported the Agency's goal of dramatically reducing the cost of access to space in attempt to define the future of space transportation. The X-37 program was discontinued in 2003.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2949
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image hosts a look into the eye of Hurricane Ivan, one of the strongest hurricanes on record, as the storm approached landfall on the central Gulf coast Wednesday afternoon on September 15, 2004. The hurricane was photographed by astronaut Edward M. (Mike) Fincke from aboard the International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude of approximately 230 miles. At the time, sustained winds in the eye of the wall were reported at about 135 mph as the downgraded category 4 storm approached the...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3058
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image hosts a look at the eye of Hurricane Ivan, one of the strongest hurricanes on record, as the storm topped the western Caribbean Sea on Saturday, September 11, 2004. The hurricane was photographed by astronaut Edward M. (Mike) Fincke from aboard the International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude of approximately 230 miles. At the time, the category 5 storm sustained winds in the eye of the wall that were reported at about 160 mph. Crew Earth Observations record Earth surface changes...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Caribbean Sea
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3057
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In 1696, Robert Anderson, an Englishman, published a two-part treatise on how to make rocket molds, prepare propellants, and perform the calculations.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1872
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Both (Porcine and bacterial) starch degrading enzymes highly valued by the biotechnology industry. (Porcine) A major target for protein engineering and the study of diabetes, obesity and dental care. (Bacterial) Major industrial and biotechnology interest used in brewing, baking, and food processing. World's number one industrial protein.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=231
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is the X-34 Demonstrator, part of the Pathfinder Program, being attached to an aircraft. After takeoff, the X-34 would be launched from the aircraft to begin its mission. The Pathfinder Program flight experiments would demonstrate a number of advanced launch vehicles and spacecraft technologies such as nontraditional propulsion systems, improvements and irnovations to conventional propulsion systems, safe abort capabilities, vehicle health management systems, composite structures, and...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2273
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Research at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center has resulted in a system for reading hidden identification codes using a hand-held magnetic scanner. It's an invention that could help businesses improve inventory management, enhance safety, improve security, and aid in recall efforts if defects are discovered. Two-dimensional Data Matrix symbols consisting of letters and numbers permanently etched on items for identification and resembling a small checkerboard pattern are more efficient and...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- California, Where -- New...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2940
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Researchers have found that as melted metals and alloys (combinations of metals) solidify, they can form with different arrangements of atoms, called microstructures. These microstructures depend on the shape of the interface (boundary) between the melted metal and the solid crystal it is forming. There are generally three shapes that the interface can take: planar, or flat; cellular, which looks like the cells of a beehive; and dendritic, which resembles tiny fir trees. Convection at this...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=194
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Reduced-Gravity Program provides the unique weightless or zero-g environment of space flight for testing and training of human and hardware reactions. The reduced-gravity environment is obtained with a specially modified KC-135A turbojet transport which flies parabolic arcs to produce weightless periods of 20 to 25 seconds. KC-135A cargo bay test area is approximately 60 feet long, 10 feet wide, and 7 feet high. The image shows KC-135A in flight.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=643
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The shuttle is a reusable launch vehicle that can maintain a consistent orbit and provide up to 17 days of high-quality microgravity conditions. The shuttle, which can accomodate a wide range of experiment apparatus, provides a laboratory environment in which scientists can conduct long-term investigations.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=97
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Protein isolated from hen egg-white and functions as a bacteriostatic enzyme by degrading bacterial cell walls. First enzyme ever characterized by protein crystallography. It is used as an excellent model system for better understanding parameters involved in microgravity experiments with data from laboratory experiments to study the equilibrium rate of hanging drop experiments in microgravity.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=234
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Space Shuttle External Tank 120 is shown here during transfer in NASA?s Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans. Slated for launch on the Orbiter Discovery scheduled for next Spring, the tank will be erected vertically in preparation for its new foam application process on the liquid hydrogen tank-to-inter tank flange area, a tank structural connection point. The foam will be applied with an enhanced finishing procedure that requires two technicians, one for a new mold-injection procedure...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3053
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a enzyme, plant chitinase, believed to be a defensive enzyme to discourage invasion of plant tissue by insects.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=232
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This panoramic view of Hurricane Charley was photographed by the Expedition 9 crew aboard the International Space Station (ISS) on August 13, 2004, at a vantage point just north of Tampa, Florida. The small eye was not visible in this view, but the raised cloud tops near the center coincide roughly with the time that the storm began to rapidly strengthen. The category 2 hurricane was moving north-northwest at 18 mph packing winds of 105 mph. Crew Earth Observations record Earth surface changes...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Florida
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3049
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The business end of a Second Stage (S-II) slowly emerges from the shipping container as workers prepare to transport the Saturn V component to the testing facility at MSFC. The Second Stage (S-II) underwent vibration and engine firing tests. The towering 363-foot Saturn V was a multi-stage, multi-engine launch vehicle standing taller than the Statue of Liberty. Altogether, the Saturn V engines produced as much power as 85 Hoover Dams.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2198
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Twelve scientific specialists of the Peenemuende team at the front of Building 4488, Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville, Alabama. They led the Army's space efforts at ABMA before transfer of the team to National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA), George C. Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). (Left to right) Dr. Ernst Stuhlinger, Director, Research Projects Office; Dr. Helmut Hoelzer, Director, Computation Laboratory: Karl L. Heimburg, Director, Test Laboratory; Dr. Ernst Geissler, Director,...
Topics: Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1885
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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During the Apollo era Marshall Space Flight Center's engineers developed the Magnetomotive Hammer to remove distortions from Saturn V bulkhead gore segments. Using an intense magnetic field, the Hammer removed manufacturing distortions from rejected segments which otherwise would have been discarded at a cost of $30,000 each. Various automobile, ship and aircraft manufacturers adoped the technology for commercial use.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=644
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This new image taken with NASA's Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is of the nearby dwarf galaxy NGC 1569. This galaxy is a hotbed of vigorous star birth activity which blows huge bubbles that riddle its main body. The bubble structure is sculpted by the galactic super-winds and outflows caused by a colossal input of energy from collective supernova explosions that are linked with a massive episode of star birth. The bubbles seen in this image are made of hydrogen gas that glows when hit by the...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Earth, Where -- dwarf galaxy, Where -- NGC 1569,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2902
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photo, captured by the NASA Hubble Space Telescope's (HST) Advanced Camera for Surveys, is Hubble's latest view of an expanding halo of light around the distant star V838 Monocerotis, or V Mon, caused by an unusual stellar outburst that occurred back in January 2002. A burst of light from the bizarre star is spreading into space and reflecting off of surrounding circumstellar dust. As different parts are sequentially illuminated, the appearance of the dust changes. This effect is referred...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Advanced Camera for Surveys, What -- Constellation,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2903
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photo, the Gravity Probe B (GP-B) space vehicle is being encapsulated atop the Delta II launch vehicle. The GP-B is the relativity experiment developed at Stanford University to test two extraordinary predictions of Albert Einstein?s general theory of relativity. The experiment will measure, very precisely, the expected tiny changes in the direction of the spin axes of four gyroscopes contained in an Earth-orbiting satellite at a 400-mile altitude. So free are the gyroscopes from...
Topics: What -- Gravity Probe B, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2920
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Teamed with KeyMaster Technologies, Kennewick, Washington, the Marshall Space Flight Center engineers have developed a portable vacuum analyzer that performs on-the-spot chemical analyses under field conditions? a task previously only possible in a chemical laboratory. The new capability is important not only to the aerospace industry, but holds potential for broad applications in any industry that depends on materials analysis, such as the automotive and pharmaceutical industries. Weighing in...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Washington,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2938
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the X-37 Demonstrator re-entry. After being launched from the cargo bay of a Shuttle as a secondary payload, the X-37 remains on-orbit up to 21 days performing a variety of experiments before re-entering the Earth's atmosphere and landing. These vehicles supported the Agency's goal of dramatically reducing the cost of access to space in attempt to define the future of space transportation. The X-37 program was discontinued in 2003.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2951
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Early Chinese rockets were used in warfare and celebrations. In fact, the origin of the rocket is shown simply in these Chinese characters. They stand for both "rocket" and "fire arrow.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1869
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image of the galaxy cluster Abell 2125, provided by the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), reveals several massive multimillion degree Celsius gas clouds that appear to be in the process of merging. Ten of the point-like sources are associated with galaxies in the cluster and the rest are probably distant background galaxies. The small bright feature in the extreme lower right-hand corner is probably a background galaxy cluster not associated with Abell 2125. The bright gas cloud on the...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Very Large Array, What -- Enterprise, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3050
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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By the end of the 19th Century, a Russian theorist, Konstantian Tsiolkovsky, was examining the fundamental scientific theories behind rocketry. He made some pioneering studies in liquid chemical rocket concepts and recommended liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen as the optimum propellants. In the 1920's, Tsiolkovsky analyzed and mathematically formulated the technique for staged vehicles to reach escape velocities from Earth.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=854
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In 1650, a Polish artillery expert, Kazimierz Siemienowicz, published a series of drawings for a staged rocket. These drawing were recreated by artist Larry Toschik
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=852
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun with a model of a V2 rocket.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=919
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Tribology-the study of friction, lubrication, and wear of surfaces in relative motion-is the subject of many tests and evaluation being conducted at Marshall Space Flight Center. Marshall's need to develop state-of-the-art tribological materials and components for NASA's on-going space program is spurring these technological advances. High speed, high performance machinery is plagued by periodic mainteneance and replacement of worn parts. Tribology investigations are important to manufacturers...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=617
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Like many chemicals in the body, the three-dimensional structure of insulin is extremely complex. When grown on the ground, insulin crystals do not grow as large or as ordered as researchers desire--obscuring the blueprint of the insulin molecules.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=171
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Technology derived by NASA for monitoring control gyros in the Skylab program is directly applicable to the problems of fault detection of railroad wheel bearings. Marhsall Space Flight Center's scientists have developed a detection concept based on the fact that bearing defects excite resonant frequency of rolling elements of the bearing as they impact the defect. By detecting resonant frequency and subsequently analyzing the character of this signal, bearing defects may be detected and...
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=645
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) launch. The RBCC's overall objective is to provide a technology test bed to investigate critical technologies associated with opperational usage of these engines. The program will focus on near term technologies that can be leveraged to ultimately serve as the near term basis for Two Stage to Orbit (TSTO) air breathing propulsions systems and ultimately a Single Stage To Orbit (SSTO) air breathing propulsion system.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=579
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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These are images of CGEL-2 samples taken during STS-95. They show binary colloidal suspensions that have formed ordered crystalline structures in microgravity. In sample 5, there are more particles therefore, many, many crystallites (small crystals) form. In sample 6, there are less particles therefore, the particles are far apart and few, much larger crystallites form. The white object in the right corner of sample 5 is the stir bar used to mix the sample at the begirning of the mission.
Topic: What -- STS-95
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=632
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Advanced Gradient Heating Facility (AGHF) is a European Space Agency (ESA) developed hardware. The AGHF was flown on STS-78, which featured four European PI's and two NASA PI's. The AGHFsupports the production of advanced semiconductor materials and alloys using the directional process, which depends on establishing a hot side and a cold side in the sample.
Topic: What -- STS-78
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=108
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's collage of every phase of an X-34 Demonstrator's flight, from launch to landing. An X-34 was launched from an airplane, then proceeded to obtain an on-orbit altitude where it could remain for up to 21 days performing various experiments. At the conclusion of its mission, the X-34 returned to the Earth's atmosphere for a runway landing. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2262
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the X-34 reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center, the X-34 was capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2267
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astroculture is a suite of technologies used to produce and maintain a closed controlled environment for plant growth. The two most recent missions supported growth of potato, dwarf wheat, and mustard plants, and provided scientists with the first opportunity to conduct true plant research in space. Light emitting diodes have particular usefulness for plant growth lighting because they emit a much smaller amount of radiant heat than do conventional lighting sources and because they have...
Topic: What -- Opportunity
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=138
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Teamed with KeyMaster Technologies, Kennewick, Washington, the Marshall Space Flight Center engineers have developed a portable vacuum analyzer that performs on-the-spot chemical analyses under field conditions? a task previously only possible in a chemical laboratory. The new capability is important not only to the aerospace industry, but holds potential for broad applications in any industry that depends on materials analysis, such as the automotive and pharmaceutical industries. Weighing in...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Washington, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2939
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Space Flight Center's researchers have conducted suborbital experiments with ZBLAN, an optical material capable of transmitting 100 times more signal and information than silica fibers. The next step is to process ZBLAN in a microgravity environment to stop the formation of crystallites, small crystals caused by a chemical imbalances. Scientists want to find a way to make ZBLAN an amorphous (without an internal shape) material. Producing a material such as this will have far-reaching...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=139
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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H-1 Engine major components with callouts (chart 1): The H-1 engine was used in a cluster of eight on the the first stage of Saturn I (S-I stage) and Saturn IB (S-IB stage). The engines were arranged in a double pattern: four engines, located inboard, were fixed in a square pattern around the stage axis, while the remaining four engines were located outboard in a larger square pattern and each outer engine was gimbaled. Each H-1 engine had a thrust of 188,000 pounds for a combined thrust of...
Topic: What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=996
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A workman inspects the results of Convergent Spray Technology used to resurface a bridge on Interstate 65 near Lacon, Alabama. Originally developed by USBI to apply a heat resistant coating to the Space Shuttle's Solid Rocket Boosters, the environment-friendly technology reduces the required worktime from days to hours.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=622