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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Larry DeLucas with the (LBNP) Lower Body Negative Pressure Experiment onboard STS-50.
Topic: What -- STS-5
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=43
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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It is predicted that by the year 2040, there will be no distinction between a commercial airliner and a commercial launch vehicle. Fourth Generation Reusable Launch Vehicles (RLVs) will be so safe and reliable that no crew escape system will be necessary. Every year there will be in excess of 10,000 flights and the turn-around time between flights will be just hours. The onboard crew will be able to accomplish a launch without any assistance from the ground. Provided is an artist's concept of...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2959
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Computed tomography (CT) images of resin-impregnated Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) specimens are assembled to provide 3-D volume renderings of density patterns formed by dislocation under the external loading stress profile applied during the experiments. Experiments flown on STS-79 and STS-89. Principal Investigator: Dr. Stein Sture
Topics: What -- STS-79, What -- STS-89
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=168
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The loss of productivity due to flu is staggering. Costs range as much as $20 billio a year. High mutation rates of the flu virus have hindered development of new drugs or vaccines. The secret lies in a small molecule which is attached to the host cell's surface. Each flu virus, no matter what strain, must remove this small molecule to escape the host cell to spread infection. Using data from space and earth grown crystals, researchers from the Center of Macromolecular Crystallography (CMC) are...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=129
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The trauma caused by the open heart surgery often triggers massive inflammation because the immune system overreacts. Factor D, the protein which plays a key role in the biological steps that activate this immune response prevents the imune system from inappropriately rurning out of control, allowing the patient to recover more rapidly. Factor D blockers, with their great potential to alleviate the complication of inflammation associated with heart surgery, are now being developed for clinical...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=130
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Advanced Gradient Heating Facility (AGHF) is a European Space Agency (ESA) developed hardware. The AGHF was flown on STS-78, which featured four European PI's and two NASA PI's. The AGHFsupports the production of advanced semiconductor materials and alloys using the directional process, which depends on establishing a hot side and a cold side in the sample.
Topic: What -- STS-78
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=108
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA structural materials engineer, Jonathan Lee, displays blocks and pistons as examples of some of the uses for NASA?s patented high-strength aluminum alloy originally developed at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. NASA desired an alloy for aerospace applications with higher strength and wear-resistance at elevated temperatures. The alloy is a solution to reduce costs of aluminum engine pistons and lower engine emissions for the automobile industry. The Boats and Outboard...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama, Where -- Wisconsin
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2931
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA structural materials engineers at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama developed a high-strength aluminum alloy for aerospace applications with higher strength and wear-resistance at elevated temperatures. The alloy is a solution to reduce costs of aluminum engine pistons and lower engine emissions for the automobile industry. The Boats and Outboard Engines Division at Bombardier Recreational Products of Sturtevant, Wisconsin is using the alloy for pistons in its...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama, Where -- Wisconsin, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2932
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Both (Porcine and bacterial) starch degrading enzymes highly valued by the biotechnology industry. (Porcine) A major target for protein engineering and the study of diabetes, obesity and dental care. (Bacterial) Major industrial and biotechnology interest used in brewing, baking, and food processing. World's number one industrial protein.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=231
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In addition to Dr. Robert Goddard's pioneering work, American experimentation in rocketry prior to World War II grew, primarily in technical societies. This is an early rocket motor designed and developed by the American Rocket Society in 1932.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1852
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image is of the Andromeda spiral galaxy as seen through an optical telescope.
Topic: What -- Andromeda
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1381
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Andy Jenkins, an engineer for the Lab on a Chip Applications Development program, helped build the Applications Development Unit (ADU-25), a one-of-a-kind facility for controlling and analyzing processes on chips with extreme accuracy. Pressure is used to cause fluids to travel through network of fluid pathways, or micro-channels, embossed on the chips through a process similar to the one used to print circuits on computer chips. To make customized chips for various applications, NASA has an...
Topics: What -- CHIPS, What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3914
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The demetalized form of the major iron storage protein from horse spleen.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=229
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the International Space Station (ISS) with solar panels fully deployed. In addition to the use of solar energy, the ISS will employ at least three types of propulsive support systems for its operation. The first type is to reboost the Station to correct orbital altitude to offset the effects of atmospheric and other drag forces. The second function is to maneuver the ISS to avoid collision with oribting bodies (space junk). The third is for attitude control to...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=742
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An artist's concept of a space based vehicle using the Propulsive Small Expendable Deployer System (ProSEDS) to generate its thrust to maintain orbit without using a propellant. ProSEDS will obtain thrust as the current flowing through the tether experiences a drag force due to interaction with the Earth's magnetic field. Drag force is coupled mechanically to the stage via the tether, thus lowering the stage's orbital altitude.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1727
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's interpretation of a future launch complex for third generation propulsion reusable launch vehicles such as the X-33. The X-33 is a sub-scale technology demonstrator prototype of a Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV), with a vertical take off / horizontal landing (lifting body) concept, which was manufactured and named as the Venture Star by Lockheed Martin. The X-33 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2254
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the X-34 Demonstrator, a reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2266
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept depicts the X-34 Demonstrator in flight. Part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-34 was a reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2268
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept depicts the X-34 Demonstrator in flight. Part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-34 was a reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2269
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the X-34 reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center, the X-34 was capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2267
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the X-34 reusable technology testbed demonstrator on-orbit. The X-34 was designed to demonstrate technologies that are essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2263
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the X-38 Crew Return Vehicle (CRV). The X-38 will take place of the Russian Soyuz capsule and is well underway on development for the International Space Station. The Soyuz can only stay on orbit for six months as opposed to three years for the CRV.
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1729
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Over a billion of mostly third world people are infected with a roundworm known as ascarids. Ascarids are tiny parasites that infect the intestinal tract of vertebrates. Movement of the larvae into the brain or other parts of the body can prove fatal. Space-based research is providing new hope in combating these parasitic worms. Ascarids are dependent upon a substance known as malic enzyme to regulate certain bodily functions. A new drug designed to interfere with normal functioning of malic...
Topics: What -- USML 1, Where -- Texas
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=132
NASA Images
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Astronaut Mike Fincke places droplets of honey onto the strings for the Fluid Merging Viscosity Measurement (FMVM) investigation onboard the International Space Station (ISS). The FMVM experiment measures the time it takes for two individual highly viscous fluid droplets to coalesce or merge into one droplet. Different fluids and droplet size combinations were tested in the series of experiments. By using the microgravity environment, researchers can measure the viscosity or...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3891
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), a natural bacteria found all over the Earth, has a fairly novel way of getting rid of unwanted insects. Bt forms a protein substance (shown on the right) that is not harmful to humans, birds, fish or other vertebrates. When eaten by insect larvae the protein causes a fatal loss of appetite. For over 25 years agricultural chemical companies have relied heavily upon safe Bt pesticides. New space based research promises to give the insecticide a new dimension in...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=141
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Data shows that elevated sialidase in bacterial vaginosis patients correlates to premature births in women. Bacterial sialidase also plays a significant role in the unusual colonization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis patients. Crystals of Salmonella sialidase have been reproduced and are used for studying the inhibitor-enzyme complexes. These inhibitors may also be used to inhibit a trans-sialidase of Trypanosome cruzi, a very similar enzyme to bacterial sialidase, therefore...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=131
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The English confrontation with Indian rockets came in 1780 at the Battle of Guntar. The closely massed, normally unflinching British troops broke and ran when the Indian army laid down a rocket barrage in their midst.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1874
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Technology derived by NASA for monitoring control gyros in the Skylab program is directly applicable to the problems of fault detection of railroad wheel bearings. Marhsall Space Flight Center's scientists have developed a detection concept based on the fact that bearing defects excite resonant frequency of rolling elements of the bearing as they impact the defect. By detecting resonant frequency and subsequently analyzing the character of this signal, bearing defects may be detected and...
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=645
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Boussard Interstellar Ramjet engine concept uses interstellar hydrogen scooped up from its environment as the spacecraft passes by to provide propellant mass. The hydrogen is then ionized and then collected by an electromagentic field. In this image, an onboard laser is uded to heat the plasma, and the laser or electron beam is used to trigger fusion pulses thereby creating propulsion.
Topic: What -- Beam
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=585
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Researchers have found that as melted metals and alloys (combinations of metals) solidify, they can form with different arrangements of atoms, called microstructures. These microstructures depend on the shape of the interface (boundary) between the melted metal and the solid crystal it is forming. There are generally three shapes that the interface can take: planar, or flat; cellular, which looks like the cells of a beehive; and dendritic, which resembles tiny fir trees. Convection at this...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=195
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Sir William Congreve developed a rocket with a range of about 9,000 feet. The incendiary rocket used black powder, an iron case, and a 16-foot guide stick. In 1806, British used Congreve rockets to attack Napoleon's headquarters in France. In 1807, Congreve directed a rocket attack against Copenhagen.
Topics: Where -- France, Where -- Copenhagen
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=850
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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These are images of CGEL-2 samples taken during STS-95. They show binary colloidal suspensions that have formed ordered crystalline structures in microgravity. In sample 5, there are more particles therefore, many, many crystallites (small crystals) form. In sample 6, there are less particles therefore, the particles are far apart and few, much larger crystallites form. The white object in the right corner of sample 5 is the stir bar used to mix the sample at the begirning of the mission.
Topic: What -- STS-95
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=632
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronomers have used an x-ray image to make the first detailed study of the behavior of high-energy particles around a fast moving pulsar. This image, from NASA's Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), shows the shock wave created as a pulsar plows supersonically through interstellar space. These results will provide insight into theories for the production of powerful winds of matter and antimatter by pulsars. Chandra's image of the glowing cloud, known as the Mouse, shows a stubby bright column of...
Topics: What -- FAST, What -- Very Large Array, Where -- New Mexico, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3060
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image of the galaxy cluster Abell 2125, provided by the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), reveals several massive multimillion degree Celsius gas clouds that appear to be in the process of merging. Ten of the point-like sources are associated with galaxies in the cluster and the rest are probably distant background galaxies. The small bright feature in the extreme lower right-hand corner is probably a background galaxy cluster not associated with Abell 2125. The bright gas cloud on the...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Very Large Array, What -- Enterprise, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3050
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Early Chinese rockets were used in warfare and celebrations. In fact, the origin of the rocket is shown simply in these Chinese characters. They stand for both "rocket" and "fire arrow.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1869
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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They sounded more like fireworks than rockets but the Chinese used rockets in battle.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1868
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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During the 19th century, rocket enthusiasts and inventors began to appear in almost every country. Some people thought these early rocket pioneers were geniuses, and others thought they were crazy. Claude Ruggieri, an Italian living in Paris, apparently rocketed small animals into space as early as 1806. The payloads were recovered by parachute. As depicted here by artist Larry Toschik, French authorities were not always impressed with rocket research. They halted Ruggieri's plans to launch a...
Topic: Where -- Paris
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1875
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In NASA?s Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans, the Space Shuttle External Tank 120 is in position for its new foam application process on the liquid hydrogen tank-to-inter tank flange area, a tank structural connection point. This image is a close-up of the inter tank flange area. The foam will be applied with an enhanced finishing procedure that requires two technicians, one for a new mold-injection procedure to the intertank?s ribbing and one for real-time videotaped surveillance of the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3054
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's collage of every phase of an X-34 Demonstrator's flight, from launch to landing. An X-34 was launched from an airplane, then proceeded to obtain an on-orbit altitude where it could remain for up to 21 days performing various experiments. At the conclusion of its mission, the X-34 returned to the Earth's atmosphere for a runway landing. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2262
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an image of a colloidal crystal from the CDOT-2 investigation flown on STS-95. There are so many colloidal particles in this sample that it behaves like a glass. In the laboratory on Earth, the sample remained in an amorphous state, showing no sign of crystal growth. In microgravity the sample crystallized in 3 days, as did the other glassy colloidal samples examined in the CDOT-2 experiment. During the investigation, crystallization occurred in samples that had a volume fraction...
Topics: What -- STS-95, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=633
NASA Images
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This is an image of the experiment hardware used for the CGEL-2 and CDOT-2 investigations flown on STS-95. Starting at the front and going clockwise are the electrical cables; the (3) PCMCIA hard drives, which store the experiment software and data; the sample cell holder foam, used to secure the sample cell holder in the glovebox; the laptop computer; a spare laser source detector module; sample cell holder with 4 sample cells; the power control box; the main module, which is used to conduct...
Topic: What -- STS-95
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=634
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Combustion Module-1 was one of the most complex and technologically sophisticated pieces of hardware ever to be included as a part of a Spacelab mission. Shown here are the two racks which comprised CM-1, the rack on the right shows the combustion chamber with the Structure Of Flame Balls at Low Lewis-numbers (SOFBALL) experiment inside.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=246
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Technicians install the Laminar Soot Processes (LSP) experiment into the combustion chamber of Combustion Module-1. CM-1 was one of the most complex and technologically sophisticated pieces of hardware ever to be included as a part of a Spacelab mission.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=247
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Manual activation of 8 FPAs in an earlier version of the Group Activation Pack. The Fluids Processing Apparatus is essentially a microgravity test tube that allows a variety of complex investigations to be performed in space. Developed by BioServe Space Technologies, a NASA Commercial Space Center. Flown on STS-95.
Topic: What -- STS-95
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=158
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Comparison of Germanium Telluride (GeTe) Crystals grown on Earth (left) and in space (right) during the Skylab SL-3 mission. These crystals were grown using a vapor transport crystal growth method in the Multipurpose Electric Furnace System (MEFS). Crystals grown on earth are needles and platelettes with distorted surfaces and hollow growth habits. The length of the ground-based needle is approximately 2 mm and the average lenth of the platelets is 1 mm. The dull appearance of the Skylab...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=82
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a enzyme, plant chitinase, believed to be a defensive enzyme to discourage invasion of plant tissue by insects.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=232
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The British fired Congreve rockets against the United States in the War of 1812. As a result Francis Scott Key coined the phrase the "rocket's red glare." Congreve had used a 16-foot guide stick to help stabilize his rocket. William Hale, another British inventor, invented the stickless rocket in 1846. The U.S. Army used the Hale rocket more than 100 years ago in the war with Mexico. Rockets were also used to a limited extent by both sides in the American Civil War.
Topic: Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=851
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A NASA official inspects the results of Convergent Spray Technology used to resurface a bridge on Interstate 65 near Lacon, Alabama. Originally developed by USBI to apply a heat resistant coating to the Space Shuttle's Solid Rocket Boosters, the environment-friendly technology reduces the required worktime from days to hours.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=623
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Alabama Department of Transportation workers utilize Convergent Spray Technology to resurface a bridge on Interstate 65 near Lacon, Alabama. Originally developed by USBI to apply a heat resistant coating to the Space Shuttle's Solid Rocket Boosters, the environment-friendly technology reduces the required worktime from days to hours.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=621
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Alabama Department of Transportation workers utilize Convergent Spray Technology to resurface a bridge on Interstate 65 near Lacon, Alabama. Originally developed by USBI to apply a heat resistant coating to the Space Shuttle's Solid Rocket Boosters, the environment-friendly technology reduces the required worktime from days to hours.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=620
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Alabama Department of Transportation workers utilize Convergent Spray Technology used to resurface a bridge on Interstate 65 near Lacon, Alabama. Originally developed by USBI to apply a heat resistant coating to the Space Shuttle's Solid Rocket Boosters, the environment-friendly technology reduces the required worktime from days to hours.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=624
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A workman inspects the results of Convergent Spray Technology used to resurface a bridge on Interstate 65 near Lacon, Alabama. Originally developed by USBI to apply a heat resistant coating to the Space Shuttle's Solid Rocket Boosters, the environment-friendly technology reduces the required worktime from days to hours.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=622
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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(Rabbit) Converts the major storage form of high energy phosphate (creatine phosphate) to usable energy form (ATP). A major muscle enzyme and implicated in some muscle diseases.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=233
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Less interested in the scientific fundamentals of rocketry, many writers of popular literature and science fiction discovered one of the most vital elements in the formula for space travel, a fertile imagination. Under the impression that the sun "draws up" dewdrops, Cyrano de Bergerac suggested fancifully that one might fly by trapping dew in bottles, strapping the bottles to oneself, and standing in sunlight.
Topic: What -- Sun
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1879
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This spectacular Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO) image of the supernova remnant Cassiopeia A is the most detailed image ever made of the remains of an exploded star. The one-million-second image shows a bright outer ring (green) 10 light years in diameter that marks the location of a shock wave generated by the supernova explosion. In the upper left corner is a large jet-like structure that protrudes beyond the shock wave, and a counter-jet can be seen on the lower right. The x-ray spectra show...
Topics: What -- Cassiopeia, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3047
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Researcher Dr. Yi Li developed a technique to manipulate certain characteristics of plant growth such as anit-senescence. For example, the tobacco leaf was clipped from a transgenic plant (right), and a wildtype plant (left). During ground-based laboratory studies, both leaves were left in a darkened area for 4 months. When retrieved, the wildtype plant leaf was dried-out and the transgenic leaf remained fresh and green. A variation of this technology that involves manipulating plant hormones...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=144
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Researchers have found that as melted metals and alloys (combinations of metals) solidify, they can form with different arrangements of atoms, called microstructures. These microstructures depend on the shape of the interface (boundary) between the melted metal and the solid crystal it is forming. There are generally three shapes that the interface can take: planar, or flat; cellular, which looks like the cells of a beehive; and dendritic, which resembles tiny fir trees. Convection at this...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=194
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Typical picture of a dendrite: Notice how the branch on the left has no arms coming off the top. This is because of the convective forces (hot liquid rises) that the top of the branch is not solidifying (growing arms) like the bottom, cooler area. The is a gravitational effect. This does not happen in space.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=224
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Research at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center has resulted in a system for reading hidden identification codes using a hand-held magnetic scanner. It's an invention that could help businesses improve inventory management, enhance safety, improve security, and aid in recall efforts if defects are discovered. Two-dimensional Data Matrix symbols consisting of letters and numbers permanently etched on items for identification and resembling a small checkerboard pattern are more efficient and...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- California, Where -- New...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2940
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Robert H. Goddard loading a 1918 version of the Bazooka of World War II. From 1930 to 1941, Dr. Goddard made substantial progress in the development of progressively larger rockets, which attained altitudes of 2400 meters, and refined his equipment for guidance and control, his techniques of welding, and his insulation, pumps, and other associated equipment. In many respects, Dr. Goddard laid the essential foundations of practical rocket technology
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=855
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Goddard rocket with four rocket motors. This rocket attained an altitude of 200 feet in a flight, November 1936, at Roswell, New Mexico. From 1930 to 1941, Dr. Goddard made substantial progress in the development of progressively larger rockets which attained altitudes of 2400 meters, and refined his equipment for guidance and control, his techniques of welding, and his insulation, pumps, and other associated equipment. In many respects, Dr. Goddard laid the essential foundations of practical...
Topic: Where -- New Mexico
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=856
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun is looking out from a 10th floor window of building 4200 at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). He was the first Center Director and served as the Director from July 1960 through February 1970. Following World War II, Dr. von Braun and his German colleagues arrived in the United States under the Project Paperclip (American acquisition of German rocket experts) to continue their rocket development work. In 1950, von Braun and his German Rocket Team (also called the Peenemuende...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- United States...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1468
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A pioneer of America's space program, Dr. von Braun stands by the five F-1 engines of the Saturn V launch vehicle. This Saturn V vehicle is an actual test vehicle which has been displayed at the U.S. Space Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Designed and developed by Rocketdyne under the direction of the Marshall Space Flight Center, a cluster of five F-1 engines was mounted on the Saturn V S-IC (first) stage. The engines measured 19-feet tall by 12.5-feet at the nozzle exit and burned 15...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2330
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photo, taken at the Walt Disney Studios in California, Dr. Wernher von Braun and Dr. Ernst Stuhlinger are shown discussing the concepts of nuclear-electric spaceships designed to undertake the mission to the planet Mars. As a part of the Disney "Tomorrowland" series on the exploration of space, the nuclear-electric vehicles were shown in the last three television films, entitled "Mars and Beyond," which first aired in December 1957.
Topics: What -- Mars, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1460
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun was the subject of countless television programs produced both inside and outside of NASA. He is shown here in this undated photograph preparing for one such film session.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1936
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun with a model of a V2 rocket.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=919
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In 1650, a Polish artillery expert, Kazimierz Siemienowicz, published a series of drawings for a staged rocket. These drawing were recreated by artist Larry Toschik
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=852
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The first known proposal for a marned-satellite appeared in a story by Edward Everett Hale entitled The Brick Moon. The story involved a group of young Bostonians who planned to put an artificial satellite into polar orbit for sailors to use to determine longitude accurately and easily.
Topics: What -- Moon, What -- Polar
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1883
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This picture is an artist's concept of an orbiting vehicle using the Electrodynamic Tethers Propulsion System. Relatively short electrodynamic tethers can use solar power to push against a planetary magnetic field to achieve propulsion without the expenditure of propellant.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1728
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of an orbiting space vehicle in the Jovian system using an electrodynamic tether propellantless propulsion system. Electrodynamic tethers offer the potential to greatly extend and enhance future scientific missions to Jupiter and the Jovian system. Like Earth, Jupiter posses a strong magnetic field and a significant magnetosphere. This may make it feasible to operate electrodynamic tethers for propulsion and power generation.
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=581
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph is of the engine for the Redstone rocket. The Redstone ballistic missile was a high-accuracy, liquid-propelled, surface-to-surface missile developed by the Army Ballistic Missile Agency, Redstone Arsenal, in Huntsville, Alabama, under the direction of Dr. von Braun. The Redstone engine was a modified and improved version of the Air Force's Navaho cruise missile engine of the late forties. The A-series, as this would be known, utilized a cylindrical combustion chamber as compared...
Topics: What -- Explorer 1, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1451
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured here is an artist's concept of the experimental X-33 in-flight. The X-33 program was designed to pave the way to a full-scale commercially developed, reusable launch vehicle (RLV). The program that will put the U.S. on a path toward safe, affordable, reliable access to space by providing the latest technology was ready for space flight. The X-33 is the flagship technology demonstrator for technologies that will dramatically lower the cost of access to space. The X-33 program was...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2255
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image hosts a look into the eye of Hurricane Ivan, one of the strongest hurricanes on record, as the storm approached landfall on the central Gulf coast Wednesday afternoon on September 15, 2004. The hurricane was photographed by astronaut Edward M. (Mike) Fincke from aboard the International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude of approximately 230 miles. At the time, sustained winds in the eye of the wall were reported at about 135 mph as the downgraded category 4 storm approached the...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3058
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This figure is a drawing of the F-1 engine with callouts of the major components and the engine characteristics.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1092
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The trauma caused by the open heart surgery often triggers massive inflammation because the immune system overreacts. Factor D, the protein which plays a key role in the biological steps that activate this immune response prevents the imune system from inappropriately rurning out of control, allowing the patient to recover more rapidly. Factor D blockers, with their great potential to alleviate the complication of inflammation associated with heart surgery, are now being developed for clinical...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=135