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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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TEMPUS is the acronym that stands for the German Tiegelfreies Elektromanetisches Prozessieren Unter Schwerelosigkeit. Most of the TEMPUS experiments focused on various aspects of undercooling liquid metal and alloys. In this video, Dr. Hans Fecht, a German researcher, explains the significance of undercooloing metallic glass and measuring conditions to create the desired material to further the understanding of mass producing this metallic glass. Dr. Bill Johnson, another TEMPUS researcher,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3900
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Fuel ignites and burns in the Droplet Combustion Experiment (DCE) on STS-94 on July 12, 1997, MET:11/07:00 (approximate). DCE used various fuels -- in drops ranging from 1 mm (0.04 inches) to 5 mm (0.2 inches) -- and mixtures of oxidizers and inert gases to learn more about the physics of combustion in the simplest burning configuration, a sphere. The DCE was designed to investigate the fundamental combustion aspects of single, isolated droplets under different pressures and ambient oxygen...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2650
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA is developing technology for air-breathing rocket engines that could help make space transportation safe, reliable and affordable for ordinary people. Powered by engines that breathe oxygen from the air, the spacecraft would be completely reusable, take off and land at airport runways, and be ready to fly again within days. The engines would get their initial take-off power from specially designed rockets, called air-augmented rockets, that boost performance about 15 percent over...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3156
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Quick Time movie shows the Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster (SRB) separation from the external tank (ET). After separation, the boosters fall to the ocean from which they are retrieved and refurbished for reuse. The Shuttle?s SRB?s and solid rocket motors (SRM?s) are the largest ever built and the first designed for refurbishment and reuse. Standing nearly 150-feet high, the twin boosters provide the majority of thrust for the first two minutes of flight, about 5.8 million pounds. That...
Topic: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3188
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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This Quick Time movie shows possible forms of an antimatter propulsion system being developed by NASA. Antimatter annihilation offers the highest possible physical energy density of any known reaction substance. It is about 10 billion times more powerful than that of chemical energy such as hydrogen and oxygen combustion. Antimatter would be the perfect rocket fuel, but the problem is that the basic component of antimatter, antiprotons, doesn't exist in nature and has to manufactured. The...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3157
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Droplet Combustion Experiment (DCE) was designed to investigate the fundamental combustion aspects of single, isolated droplets under different pressures and ambient oxygen concentrations for a range of droplet sizes varying between 2 and 5 mm. The DCE principal investigator was Forman Williams, University of California, San Diego. The experiment was part of the space research investigations conducted during the Microgravity Science Laboratory-1R mission (STS-94, July 1-17 1997). Advanced...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2646
NASA Images
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video, Dr. Pettit demonstrates the result of inserting a soldering iron into a thin film or sheet of water in space. Dr. Pettit makes comparative comments about the differences and similarities of boiling processes in space and on Earth.
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3868
NASA Images
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. Imagine what would happen if a collection of loosely attractive particles were confined in a relatively small region in the floating environment of space. Would they self organize into a compact structure, loosely organize into a fractal, or just continue to float...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3882
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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This is a video of dyed water being injected into glycerin in a 2.2 centimeter (cm) diameter test tube. The experiment was conducted on the KC-135 aircraft, a NASA plane that creates microgravity and 2g conditions as it maneuvers through multiple parabolas. The water is less dense and so it rises to the top of the glycerin. The goal of the experiment was to determine if a blob of a miscible fluid would spontaneously become spherical in a microgravity environment.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3971
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Principal investigator Alice Gast describes magnetorheological (MR) fluids and how they differ from other fluids, such as blood or milk. Gast is the principal investigator for Investigating the structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions (InSPACE), which was conducted by the Expedition 6 crew onboard the International Space Station (ISS). The goal of inSPACE is to determine the true three-dimensional (3-D) low energy (equilibrium) structure of the MR fluids in a periodically...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3974
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This video of a candle flame burning in space was taken by the Candle Flames in Microgravity (CFM) experiment on the Russian Mir space station. It is actually a composite of still photos from a 35mm camera since the video images were too dim. The images show a hemispherically shaped flame, primarily blue in color, with some yellow early int the flame lifetime. The actual flame is quite dim and difficult to see with the naked eye. Nearly 80 candles were burned in this experiment aboard Mir. NASA...
Topics: What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3894
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Hinode (Sunrise), formerly known as Solar-B before reaching orbit, was launched from the Uchinoura Space Center in Japan on September 23, 2006. Hinode was designed to probe into the Sun?s magnetic field to better understand the origin of solar disturbances which interfere with satellite communications, electrical power transmission grids, and the safety of astronauts traveling beyond the Earth?s magnetic field. Hinode is circling Earth in a polar orbit that places the instruments in continuous...
Topics: What -- Hinode, What -- Solar Optical Telescope, What -- Earth, What -- Polar, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3912
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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This Quick Time movie depicts the animation of a Magnetar, a neutron star with a magnetic field billions of times stronger than any other previously known in the universe.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3173
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Two scientists at NASA?s Marshall Space Flight Center, atmospheric scientist Paul Meyer and solar physicist Dr. David Hathaway, developed promising new software, called Video Image Stabilization and Registration (VISAR), which is illustrated in this Quick Time movie. VISAR is a computer algorithm that stabilizes camera motion in the horizontal and vertical as well as rotation and zoom effects producing clearer images of moving objects, smoothes jagged edges, enhances still images, and reduces...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3191
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Quick Time Movie shows lightening strikes as observed from aboard a Space Shuttle. Crew Earth Observations record Earth surface changes over time, as well as more fleeting events such as storms, floods, fires, and volcanic eruptions. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3169
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video, Dr. Pettit demonstrates how to make films of pure water. Watch the video to see how he does it, see his two-dimensional beaker, and marvel along with him at how tenacious the films are.
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- MARVEL
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3869
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This video shows a preliminary test of the boom and bucket wheel assembly of the lunar excavator prototype developed by the Center for Commercial Applications of Combustion at the Colorado School of Mines in Golden. According to Michael Duke, director for the center, the wheel on the end of the boom can dig up 45.36 kilograms (100 pounds) of dirt each hour which is several times the weight of the entire device.
Topic: Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3972
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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This is an on-orbit animation of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), formerly Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF). In 1999, the AXAF was renamed the CXO in honor of the late Indian-American Novel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The CXO is the most sophisticated and the world?s most powerful x-ray telescope ever built. It is designed to observe x-rays from high energy regions of the Universe, such as hot gas in the remnants of exploded stars. It produces picture-like images of...
Topics: What -- Visible Light, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-93, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3159
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In a joint venture between NASA and Japan?s NASDA, scientists have been using satellites, airplanes, and boats to measure rain physics in and under thunderstorms over open water. This Quick Time movie shows the ER-2, a high altitude reconnaissance aircraft equipped with 8 lightening detectors and other instruments used to study hurricanes and thunderstorms. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3164
NASA Images
movies

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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. Science begets art in this video as Dr. Pettit and commander Ken Bowersox demonstrate two dimensional diffusion using food coloring in a film of water when they created an intriguing birdlike image. Dr. Pettit wonders aloud ?It makes us wonder what Matisse could...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3870
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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In this Quick Time movie, a Space Shuttle is piggy-backed aboard a Boeing 747 airliner. The shuttle is being ferried to Kennedy Space Center for launch preparations. The shuttle is accompanied by a T-38 trainer, flown by NASA pilots.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3179
NASA Images
movies

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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video clip, Pettit demonstrates stable and unstable modes for solid body rotation on the ISS. Using a hard cover textbook, he demonstrates that it will rotate stably about the longest and shortest axis, which represent the maximum and minimum movements of...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3873
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this video, astronaut Peggy Whitson is having fun with a blob of lemonade on the International Space Station (ISS). A Fluids physicist, however, sees much more than just a blob of lemonade floating around. Using sound waves and air flows, technology development to shape and position liquid droplets for containerless processing or fluid clean up is possible.
Topics: Who -- Peggy Whitson, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3888
NASA Images
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. Inserting a bubble into a floating ball of water in space is difficult, as Pettit demonstrates in this video. Blowing the bubble is the easy part. Getting it to stay in the center of the ball of water is much more difficult. Watch the video to see the technique...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3866
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video clip, Dr. Pettit demonstrates a spilling phenomenon with films of water. After drawing a 100-200 micron thick film of pure water, which is impossible to do on Earth, Dr. Pettit oscillates the film back and forth like a drum head, forcing the water...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3874
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA engineers successfully tested a Russian-built rocket engine on November 4, 1998 at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Advanced Engine Test Facility, which had been used for testing the Saturn V F-1 engines and Space Shuttle Main engines. The MSFC was under a Space Act Agreement with Lockheed Martin Astronautics of Denver to provide a series of test firings of the Atlas III propulsion system configured with the Russian-designed RD-180 engine. The tests were designed to measure the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Saturn, What -- Atlas, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3176
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. This video clip is an interview with Pettit after his mission in which he discusses his Saturday Morning Science demonstrations. This series of experiments offer a rich opportunity for laymen to peek into the fascinating world on orbit, and a valuable opportunity...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3872
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Quick Time movie is of NASA?s Propulsive Small Expendable Deployer System experiment (ProSEDS). ProSEDS will demonstrate the use of an electrodynamic tether, basically a long, thin wire, for propulsion. An electrodynamic tether uses the same principles as electric motors in toys, appliances and computer disk drives, and generators in automobiles and power plants. When electrical current is flowing through the tether, a magnetic field is produced that pushes against the magnetic field of...
Topics: What -- WIRE, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3174
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this Quick Time movie, a Space Shuttle, piggy-backed aboard a Boeing 747 airliner, lands at the Kennedy Space Center for launch preparations.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3181
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Quick Time movie captures Hurricane Linda moving off the Baja California coast in September 1997. The strongest hurricane on record for the eastern Pacific at that time, Hurricane Linda invaded Southern California with winds that had gusted to 105 mph (174 kph). While off the coast of Mexico, her winds gusted up to 220 mph (354 kph). Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3170
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This video captures a small portion of a TEMPUS experiment conducted in space. A small sphere of metallic glass containing the elements zirconium, aluminum, copper, and nickel levitates within the German designed electromagnetic containerless processing facility. The series of experiments that used this device is known as TEMPUS, the acronym that stands for the German Tiegelfreies Elektromanetisches Prozessieren Unter Schwerelosigkeit. Most of the TEMPUS experiments focused on various aspects...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3903
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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Study of the downlink data from the Laminar Soot Processes (LSP) experiment quickly resulted in discovery of a new mechanism of flame extinction caused by radiation of soot. Scientists found that the flames emit soot sooner than expected. These findings have direct impact on spacecraft fire safety, as well as the theories predicting the formation of soot -- which is a major factor as a pollutant and in the spread of unwanted fires. This sequence, using propane fuel, was taken STS-94, July 4...
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- STS-107, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Michigan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2664
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Study of the downlink data from the Laminar Soot Processes (LSP) experiment quickly resulted in discovery of a new mechanism of flame extinction caused by radiation of soot. Scientists found that the flames emit soot sooner than expected. These findings have direct impact on spacecraft fire safety, as well as the theories predicting the formation of soot -- which is a major factor as a pollutant and in the spread of unwanted fires. This sequence was taken July 15, 1997, MET:14/10:34...
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- STS-107, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Michigan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2662
NASA Images
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video clip, Dr. Pettit demonstrates the phenomenon of a puff of air hitting a ball of water that is free floating in space. Watch the video to see why Dr. Pettit remarks ?I?d hate think that our planet would go through these kinds of gyrations if it got...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3875
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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The Structure of Flame Balls at Low Lewis (SOFBALL) experiment, was run on Space Shuttle Columbia in 2003 for STS-107. The experiment tested various fuel-oxygen-inert gas mixtures in microgravity to produce flame balls, which are spherical steady flames that reveal combustion processes hidden by the volatile effects of gravity on Earth. In this video, a hydrogen-oxygen-sulfur hexafluoride gas mixture produced nine flame balls, the most ever created at once, one of which lasted 81 minutes making...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3969
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a Quick Time movie of lightening strikes. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3183
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, Western Atlantic Ocean, and the United States can be seen in this enhanced infrared satellite loop as it tracks the last stages of Hurricane Georges entering the frame from the east. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Gulf of Mexico, Where -- Atlantic Ocean, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3166
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A sample of advanced metallic glass alloy cools down during an experiment with the TEMPUS furnace on STS-94, July 7, 1997, MET:5/23:35 (approximate). The sequence shows the sample glowing, then fading to black as scientists began the process of preserving the liquid state, but lowering the temperature below the normal solidification temperature of the alloy. This process is known as undercooling. (10 second clip covering approximately 50 seconds.) TEMPUS (stands for Tiegelfreies...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2668
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Droplet Combustion Experiment (DCE) was designed to investigate the fundamental combustion aspects of single, isolated droplets under different pressures and ambient oxygen concentrations for a range of droplet sizes varying between 2 and 5 mm. The DCE principal investigator was Forman Williams, University of California, San Diego. The experiment was part of the space research investigations conducted during the Microgravity Science Laboratory-1 mission (STS-83, April 4-8 1997; the...
Topics: What -- STS-83, What -- MSL 1, What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2644
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Fiber-Supported Droplet Combustion (FSDC) experiment team got more than twice as many burns have been completed as were originally scheduled for STS-95. This image was taken July 12, 1997, MET:10/08:13 (approximate). As shown here, scientists were able to burn two droplets side by side, more closely mimicking behavior of burning fuel in an engine. This shows ignition of a single drop that subsequently burned while a fan blew through the chamber, giving the scientists data on burning with...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2656
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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After 172 days and 268 million miles of deep space travel, the NASA Deep Impact spacecraft successfully reached out and touched comet Tempel 1. The collision between the coffee table-sized space probe and city-sized comet occurred July 4, 2005 at 12:52 a.m. CDT. Comprised of images taken by the targeting sensor aboard the impactor probe, this movie shows the spacecraft approaching the comet up to just seconds before impact. Mission scientists expect Deep Impact to provide answers to basic...
Topics: What -- Deep Impact, What -- Impactor, Where -- NASA Headquarters, Where -- Maryland, Where -- Jet...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3994
NASA Images
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video, Pettit performs a demonstration in which he shook up a bottle that was half full of water, half full of air, so that bubbles formed, then spun it real fast to see what would happen to the bubbles. Watch the video to see the outcome.
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- FAST
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3865
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Two scientists at NASA?s Marshall Space Flight Center,atmospheric scientist Paul Meyer and solar physicist Dr. David Hathaway, developed promising new software, called Video Image stabilization and Registration (VISAR), which is illustrated in this Quick Time movie. VISAR is a computer algorithm that stabilizes camera motion in the horizontal and vertical as well as rotation and zoom effects producing clearer images of moving objects, smoothes jagged edges, enhances still images, and reduces...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3190
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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This video clip is an interview with Dr. Peter Cavanaugh, principal investigator for the FOOT experiment. He explains the reasoning behind the experiment and shows some video clips of the FOOT experiment being calibrated and conducted in orbit. The heart of the FOOT experiment is an instrumented suit called the Lower Extremity Monitoring Suit (LEMS). This customized garment is a pair of Lycra cycling tights incorporating 20 carefully placed sensors and the associated wiring control units, and...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3975
NASA Images
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video, Pettit uses the free fall environment of the ISS to demonstrate the conservation of momentum. He does so by sending bolts into rotation, end over end, into a rigid table from which they bounce off. After collision, the bolts will have nearly the...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3878
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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Fuel ignites and burns in the Droplet Combustion Experiment (DCE) on STS-94 on July 4 1997, MET:2/05:40 (approximate). The DCE was designed to investigate the fundamental combustion aspects of single, isolated droplets under different pressures and ambient oxygen concentrations for a range of droplet sizes varying between 2 and 5 mm. DCE used various fuels -- in drops ranging from 1 mm (0.04 inches) to 5 mm (0.2 inches) -- and mixtures of oxidizers and inert gases to learn more about the...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2648
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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This is a Quick Time movie of lightening strikes. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3187
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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The Structure of Flameballs at Low Lewis Numbers (SOFBALL) experiments aboard the space shuttle in 1997 a series of sturningly successful burns. This sequence was taken during STS-94, July 12, 1997, MET:10/08:18 (approximate). It was thought these extremely dim flameballs (1/20 the power of a kitchen match) could last up to 200 seconds -- in fact, they can last for at least 500 seconds. This has ramifications in fuel-spray design in combustion engines, as well as fire safety in space. The...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2666
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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The Fiber-Supported Droplet Combustion (FSDC) uses two droplets positioned on the fiber wire, instead of the usual one. Two droplets more closely simulates the environment in engines, which ignite many fuel droplets at once. The behavior of the burning was also unexpected -- the droplets moved together after ignition, generating quite a bit of data for understanding the interaction of fuel droplets while they burn. This MPEG movie (1.3 MB) shows a time-lapse of this burn (3x speed). Because...
Topics: What -- WIRE, What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2658
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A fuel droplet burns in the Fiber-Supported Droplet Combustion (FSDC) Experiment on STS-94, July 4 1997, MET:02/19:20 (approximate). This experiment, performed in the Middeck Glovebox, allows us to study the burning of fuels such as n-heptane, n-decane, methanol, ethanol, methanol/water mixtures, and heptane/hexadecane mixtures in droplets as large as 6 mm (nearly 1/4 inch). In this sequence, you see the burn of a 5mm droplet of n-heptane, in a 30% O2/He environment at 1 atmosphere pressure....
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2654
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video clip, Dr. Pettit speculates on the value of space research and the opportunities it offers for understanding nature?s mysteries.
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3871
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Hinode (Sunrise), formerly known as Solar-B before reaching orbit, was launched from the Uchinoura Space Center in Japan on September 23, 2006. Hinode was designed to probe into the Sun?s magnetic field to better understand the origin of solar disturbances which interfere with satellite communications, electrical power transmission grids, and the safety of astronauts traveling beyond the Earth?s magnetic field. Hinode is circling Earth in a polar orbit that places the instruments in continuous...
Topics: What -- Hinode, What -- Solar Optical Telescope, What -- Earth, What -- Polar, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3911
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a Quick Time movie of lightening strikes. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3185
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Quick Time movie captures astronaut Jan Davis and her fellow crew members working in the Spacelab, a versatile laboratory carried in the Space Shuttle?s cargo bay for special research flights. Its various elements can be combined to accommodate the many types of scientific research that can best be performed in space. Spacelab consisted of an enclosed, pressurized laboratory module and open U-shaped pallets located at the rear of the laboratory module. The laboratory module contained...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3162
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Quick Time movie shows a computer generated hurricane superimposed over actual satellite imagery showing wind fields at extreme upper reaches of the atmosphere. This particular hurricane was located in the Caribbean east of the Lesser Antilles. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3168
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This digital QuickTime movie is of the Internal Flow in a Free Drop (IFFD) Bubble Surface Tension Experiment taking place in the Microgravity laboratory at NASA?s Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama. The Bubble provides scientists with information about fluid surface tensions in a low-gravity environment.
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3160
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a Quick Time movie of lightening strikes. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3182
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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In this July 26, 2005 video, Earth slowly fades into the background as the STS-114 Space Shuttle Discovery climbs into space until the External Tank (ET) separates from the orbiter. An External Tank ET Camera System featuring a Sony XC-999 model camera provided never before seen footage of the launch and tank separation. The camera was installed in the ET LO2 Feedline Fairing. From this position, the camera had a 40% field of view with a 3.5 mm lens. The field of view showed some of the Bipod...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- STS-114, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3997
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this video, astronaut Peggy Whitson uses the Human Research Facility (HRF) Ultrasound Imaging System in the Destiny Laboratory of the International Space Station (ISS) to image her own heart. The Ultrasound Imaging System provides three-dimension image enlargement of the heart and other organs, muscles, and blood vessels. It is capable of high resolution imaging in a wide range of applications, both research and diagnostic, such as Echocardiography (ultrasound of the heart), abdominal,...
Topics: Who -- Peggy Whitson, What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3887
NASA Images
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video clip, Pettit demonstrates dropping an Alka Seltzer tablet into a film of water which becomes a floating ball of activity filled water. Watch the video to see the surprising results!
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3881
NASA Images
movies

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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video clip, Pettit demonstrates laminar flow in a rotating film of water. The demonstration is done by placing tracer particles in a water film held in place by a round wire loop, then stirring the system rotationally. The resulting flow clearly...
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Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- WIRE
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3880
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Quick Time movie is of a 60K Bantam Fastrac Engine undergoing tests hosted by NASA?s Stennis Space Center. The Fastrac Engine was an alternative low-cost engine which was developed and tested at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) for use in the X-34 future generation launch vehicle program. The X-34 would be launched from a 747 shuttle carrier aircraft. After delivering its payload (booster by an upper stage) to orbit, it would land autonomously on the same runway from which the 747...
Topics: Where -- Stennis Space Center (SSC), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3165
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this Quick Time movie, a scientist examines what appears to be a tornado vortex (blue) coming out of a thunderstorm. The scientist uses 3D glasses to be able to see in 3 dimensions the different flows going out into the vortex. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3177
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Quick Time movie demonstrates the Magnetic Launch Assist system, previously referred to as the Magnetic Levitation (Maglev) system, for space launch using a 5 foot model of a reusable Bantam Class launch vehicle on a 50 foot track that provided 6-g acceleration and 6-g de-acceleration. Overcoming the grip of Earth?s gravity is a supreme challenge for engineers who design rockets that leave the planet. Engineers at the Marshall Space Flight Center have developed and tested Magnetic Launch...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3172
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This video was taken from the first flight of the TEMPUS electromagnetic levitation furnace on the International Microgravity Laboratory-2 (STS-65, July 8-23, 1994). This view is from the furnace's upper camera and shows a sample glowing as it melts. TEMPUS (stands for Tiegelfreies Elektromagnetisches Prozessiere unter Schwerelosigkeit (containerless electromagnetic processing under weightlessness). It was developed by the German Space Agency (DARA) for flight aboard Spacelab. The DARA project...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-65, What -- STS-94, What -- IML 2
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2674
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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After 172 days and 268 million miles of deep space travel, the NASA Deep Impact spacecraft successfully reached out and touched comet Tempel 1. The collision between the coffee table-sized space probe and city-sized comet occurred July 4, 2005 at 12:52 a.m. CDT. The objects met at 23,000 miles per hour. The heat produced by the impact was at least several thousand degrees Kelvin and at that extreme temperature, just about any material begins to glow. This movie, made up of images taken by the...
Topics: What -- Deep Impact, What -- Medium Resolution camera, Where -- NASA Headquarters, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3995
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a Quick Time movie Shows a typhoon moving into the frame from the east as it approaches Guam. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Guam
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3192
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Quick Time movie depicts the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), formerly Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), in its entirety, at the orbital processing facility at the Johnson Space Center. In 1999, the AXAF was renamed the CXO in honor of the late Indian-American Novel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The CXO is the most sophisticated and the world?s most powerful x-ray telescope ever built. It is designed to observe x-rays from high energy regions of the Universe, such as hot...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Visible Light, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-93, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3158
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a Quick Time movie of lightening strikes. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3186
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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This is a Quick Time movie of lightening strikes. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3184
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Still photographs taken over 16 hours on Nov. 13, 2001, on the International Space Station have been condensed into a few seconds to show the de-mixing -- or phase separation -- process studied by the Experiment on Physics of Colloids in Space. Commanded from the ground, dozens of similar tests have been conducted since the experiment arrived on ISS in 2000. The sample is a mix of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA or acrylic) colloids, polystyrene polymers and solvents. The circular area in the...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2703
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video, Dr. Pettit demonstrates using a syringe to inject water into a bubble. The result amazed Dr. Pettit and his crew mates. They observed that the droplets may bounce around for 5 or 6 collisions within the bubble, and then may partially or all at once...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3867
NASA Images
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video clip, Pettit clearly demonstrates and explains the difference in rotational stability between a solid cylinder and a liquid filled cylinder. A solid cylinder spins stably on its long axis while the liquid cylinder rotates unstably and transitions to...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3879
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
movies

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This Quick Time movie demonstrates the Magnetic Launch Assist system, previously referred to as the Magnetic Levitation (Maglev) system, for space launch using a 5 foot model of a reusable Bantam Class launch vehicle on a 50 foot track that provided 6-g acceleration and 6-g de-acceleration. Overcoming the grip of Earth?s gravity is a supreme challenge for engineers who design rockets that leave the planet. Engineers at the Marshall Space Flight Center have developed and tested Magnetic Launch...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3171
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Onboard the International Microgravity Laboratory (IML) mission in July 1992, payload specialist Norman Thagard describes his role in the Microgravity Vestibular Investigation (MVI) which examined the effects of orbital flight on the human orientation system to obtain a better understanding of the mechanisms of adaptation to orbit. Due to gravity, researchers cannot separate the eyes detection of linear and angular motion. Crew members sat in the rotator chair on different axes and recorded eye...
Topic: Who -- Norman Thagard
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3977