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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Scarning electron microscope images of the surface of ZBLAN fibers pulled in microgravity (ug) and on Earth (1g) show the crystallization that normally occurs in ground-based processing. The face of each crystal will reflect or refract a portion of the optical signal, thus degrading its quality. NASA is conducting research on pulling ZBLAN fibers in the low-g environment of space to prevent crystallization that limits ZBLAN's usefulness in optical fiber-based communications. ZBLAN is a...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=699
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Gaseous Nitrogen Dewar apparatus developed by Dr. Alex McPherson of the University of California, Irvine for use aboard Mir and the International Space Station allows large quantities of protein samples to be crystallized in orbit. The specimens are contained either in plastic tubing (heat-sealed at each end). Biological samples are prepared with a precipitating agent in either a batch or liquid-liquid diffusion configuration. The samples are then flash-frozen in liquid nitrogen before...
Topics: What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2013
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The structure of the Satellite Tobacco Mosaic Virus (STMV)--one of the smallest viruses known--has been successfully deduced using STMV crystals grown aboard the Space Shuttle in 1992 and 1994. The STMV crystals were up to 30 times the volume of any seen in the laboratory. At the same time they gave the best resolution data ever obtained on any virus crystal. STMV is a small icosahedral plant virus, consisting of a protein shell made up of 60 identical protein subunits of molecular weight...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=806
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Carrying a crew of seven, the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia soared through some pre-dawn clouds into the sky as it began its 27th flight, STS-109. Launched March 1, 2002, the goal of the mission was the maintenance and upgrade of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The Marshall Space Flight Center had the responsibility for the design, development, and construction of the HST, which is the most complex and sensitive optical telescope ever made, to study the cosmos from a low-Earth orbit. The HST...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Dawn, What -- STS-109, What -- Hubble...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2372
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The National Space Science and Technology Center (NSSTC), located in Huntsville, Alabama, is a laboratory for cutting-edge research in selected scientific and engineering disciplines. The major objectives of the NSSTC are to provide multiple fields of expertise coming together to solve solutions to science and technology problems, and gaining recognition as a world-class science research organization. The center, opened in August 2000, focuses on space science, Earth sciences, information...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2627
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A clear blue sky hosts the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia STS-107 mission as it hurtles toward space from launch pad 39A at Kennedy Space Center on January 16, 2003. The 28th Columbia flight and 113th overall flight in NASA's Space Shuttle program, STS-107 is a multidiscipline microgravity and Earth science research mission involving 80-plus International experiments to be performed by a crew of seven during the 16-day mission. The breadth of science conducted on this mission will have...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, What -- Earth, Where -- Kennedy...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2580
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 manned lunar mission launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida on July 16, 1969 via a Saturn V launch vehicle, and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. The 3-man crew aboard the flight consisted of Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module pilot. Carrying astronauts Neil A. Armstrong...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3026
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a cooperative program of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) to operate a long-lived space-based observatory. It was the first and flagship mission of NASA's Great Observatories program. The HST program began as an astronomical dream in the 1940s. During the 1970s and 1980s, the HST was finally designed and built becoming operational in the 1990s. The HST was deployed into a low-Earth orbit on April...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1748
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The third marned lunar landing mission, Apollo 13 (SA-508), with three astronauts: Mission commander James A. Lovell Jr., Lunar Module pilot Fred W. Haise Jr., and Command Module pilot John L. Swigert Jr., lifted off from the Kennedy Space Center launch complex 39A on April 11, 1970. The mission was aborted after 56 hours of flight, 205,000 miles from Earth, when an oxygen tank in the service module exploded. The Command Module, Odyssey, carrying the three astronauts, safely splashed down in...
Topics: What -- Apollo 13, What -- Earth, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Where -- Pacific Ocean
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1174
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a Microgravity Science Laboratory-1 (MLS-1) onboard STS-83 photo of the most recent comet to date, Hale-Bopp, which passed by Earth during the spring and summer of 1997. In this view, the comet is visible during sunset. The streaks and distorted lights seen in the bottom of the photo are city lights and petroleum fires.
Topics: What -- STS-83, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2553
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Lisa E. Freed of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and her colleagues have reported that initially disc-like specimens tend to become spherical in space, demonstrating that tissues can grow and differentiate into distinct structures in microgravity. The Mir Increment 3 (Sept. 16, 1996 - Jan. 22, 1997) samples were smaller, more spherical, and mechanically weaker than Earth-grown control samples. These results demonstrate the feasibility of microgravity tissue engineering and may...
Topics: What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What -- Earth, Where -- Massachusetts, Where -- Johnson Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2126
NASA Images
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This photograph shows the Skylab Materials Processing Facility (M512) and the Multipurpose Furnace System (M518). This facility, located in the Multiple Docking Adapter, was developed for Skylab,and accommodated 14 different experiments that were carried out during the three marned missions. The abilities to melt and mix without the contaminating effects of containers, to suppress thermal convection and buoyancy in fluids, and to take advantage of electrostatic and magnetic forces and otherwise...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1337
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An automobile lies crushed under the third story of this apartment building in the Marina District after the Oct. 17, 1989, Loma Prieta earthquake. The ground levels are no longer visible because of structural failure and sinking due to liquefaction. Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause friction as they roll and slide against each other, or even cause sticking and form small voids between grains. This complex behavior can cause soil to behave like a liquid under certain conditions...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- STS-107, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=755
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On Earth when scientists melt metals, bubbles that form in the molten material can rise to the surface, pop and disappear. In microgravity -- the near-weightless environment created as the International Space Station orbits Earth -- the lighter bubbles do not rise and disappear. Prior space experiments have shown that bubbles often become trapped in the final metal or crystal sample -similar to the bubbles trapped in this sample. In the solid, these bubbles, or porosity, are defects that...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2678
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This new image taken with NASA's Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is of the nearby dwarf galaxy NGC 1569. This galaxy is a hotbed of vigorous star birth activity which blows huge bubbles that riddle its main body. The bubble structure is sculpted by the galactic super-winds and outflows caused by a colossal input of energy from collective supernova explosions that are linked with a massive episode of star birth. The bubbles seen in this image are made of hydrogen gas that glows when hit by the...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Earth, Where -- dwarf galaxy, Where -- NGC 1569,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2902
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photo, the Gravity Probe B (GP-B) space vehicle is being encapsulated atop the Delta II launch vehicle. The GP-B is the relativity experiment developed at Stanford University to test two extraordinary predictions of Albert Einstein?s general theory of relativity. The experiment will measure, very precisely, the expected tiny changes in the direction of the spin axes of four gyroscopes contained in an Earth-orbiting satellite at a 400-mile altitude. So free are the gyroscopes from...
Topics: What -- Gravity Probe B, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2920
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Teamed with KeyMaster Technologies, Kennewick, Washington, the Marshall Space Flight Center engineers have developed a portable vacuum analyzer that performs on-the-spot chemical analyses under field conditions? a task previously only possible in a chemical laboratory. The new capability is important not only to the aerospace industry, but holds potential for broad applications in any industry that depends on materials analysis, such as the automotive and pharmaceutical industries. Weighing in...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Washington,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2938
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Daniel Carter (center), president of New Century Pharmaceuticals, and Dr. Joseph Ho (right), vice president, examine a diffusion Controlled Apparatus for Microgravity (DCAM). At left, Dr. John Ruble, a senior scientist, examines some specimens. The plastic DCAM has two chambers joined by a porous plug through which fluids can diffuse at a controlled rate. This allows researchers to mix protein solutions on Earth and load them aboard the Space Shuttle shortly before launch. The diffusion and...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=681
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of NASA's Propulsive Small Expendable Deployer System experiment (ProSEDS). ProSEDS will demonstrate the use of an electrodynamic tether, basically a long, thin wire, for propulsion. An electrodynamic tether uses the same principles as electric motors in toys, appliances and computer disk drives, and generators in automobiles and power plants. When electrical current is flowing through the tether, a magnetic field is produced that pushes against the magnetic...
Topics: What -- WIRE, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2223
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Amidst a crowd of other onlookers, U.S. Vice President Spiro T. Agnew (right) and former U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson watch the Saturn V vehicle roar skyward carrying the Apollo 11 manned spacecraft into the vast regions of space. On a trajectory to the Moon, the craft lifted off from launch pad 39 at Kennedy Space Flight Center (KSC) on July 16, 1969. The moon bound crew included astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr.,...
Topics: Who -- Spiro T. Agnew, Who -- Lyndon B. Johnson, Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4004
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photograph, Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins carries his coffee with him as he arrives at the flight crew training building of the NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida, one week before the nation?s first lunar landing mission. The Apollo 11 mission launched from KSC via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander;...
Topics: Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, What -- Apollo 11, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4067
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dunned in his space suit, mission commander Neil A. Armstrong does a final check of his communications system before before the boarding of the Apollo 11 mission. Launched via a Saturn V launch vehicle, the first manned lunar mission launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. The 3-man crew aboard the...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, What -- Apollo 11, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3014
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photograph, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) was being deployed on April 25, 1990. The photograph was taken by the IMAX Cargo Bay Camera (ICBC) mounted in a container on the port side of the Space Shuttle orbiter Discovery (STS-31 mission). The purpose of the HST, the most complex and sensitive optical telescope ever made, is to study the cosmos from a low-Earth orbit for 15 years or more. The HST provides fine detail imaging, produces ultraviolet images and spectra, and detects very...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1711
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-50, USML-1, Spacelab module in cargo bay with earth in background
Topics: What -- STS-5, What -- USML 1, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=61
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 66th Space Shuttle flight began with a nearly on-time liftoff of the Orbiter Atlantis (STS-66) into the clear Florida skies. Atlantis returned to space after a nearly two year absence. The plarned 11-day flight will continue NASA's Mission to Planet Earth, a comprehensive international collaboration to study how Earth's environment is changing and how human beings affect that change. Primary payloads on this flight included the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS-3),...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-66, What -- Earth, What -- Atlas 3,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=568
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This STS-68 patch was designed by artist Sean Collins. Exploration of Earth from space is the focus of the design of the insignia, the second flight of the Space Radar Laboratory (SRL-2). SRL-2 was part of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth (MTPE) project. The world's land masses and oceans dominate the center field, with the Space Shuttle Endeavour circling the globe. The SRL-2 letters span the width and breadth of planet Earth, symbolizing worldwide coverage of the two prime experiments of...
Topics: What -- STS-6, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, Where -- Germany,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3567
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) spacecraft undergoing preflight preparation in the Spacecraft Assembly Encapsulation Facility-2 (SAEF-2) at Kennedy Space Center (KSC). NEAR will perform two critical mission events - Mathilde flyby and the Deep-Space maneuver. NEAR will fly-by Mathilde, a 38-mile (61-km) diameter C-type asteroid, making use of its imaging system to obtain useful optical navigation images. The primary science instrument will be the camera, but measurements of magnetic...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1946
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photograph, Astronaut James Voss, flight engineer of Expedition Two, performs a task at a work station in the International Space Station (ISS) Destiny Laboratory, or U.S. Laboratory, as Astronaut Scott Horowitz, STS-105 mission commander, floats through the hatchway leading to the Unity node. After spending five months aboard the orbital outpost, the ISS Expedition Two crew was replaced by Expedition Three and returned to Earth aboard the STS-105 Space Shuttle Discovery on August 22,...
Topics: Who -- James Voss, Who -- Scott Horowitz, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2346
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Cosmonaut Yury I. Onufrienko, Expedition Four mission commander, uses a communication system in the Russian Zvezda Service Module on the International Space Station (ISS). The Zvezda is linked to the Russian-built Functional Cargo Block (FGB) or Zarya, the first component of the ISS. Zarya was launched on a Russian Proton rocket prior to the launch of Unity. The third component of the ISS, Zvezda (Russian word for star), the primary Russian contribution to the ISS, was launched by a three-stage...
Topics: What -- Zvezda, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Unity, What -- Russian Mir Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2418
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut James S. Voss, Expedition Two flight engineer, works with a series of cables on the EXPRESS Rack in the United State's Destiny laboratory on the International Space Station (ISS). The EXPRESS Rack is a standardized payload rack system that transports, stores, and supports experiments aboard the ISS. EXPRESS stands for EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to the Space Station, reflecting the fact that this system was developed specifically to maximize the Station's research...
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2419
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a close-up of the NASA-sponsored Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE) Satellite. The SORCE mission, launched aboard a Pegasus rocket January 25, 2003, will provide state of the art measurements of incoming x-ray, ultraviolet, visible, near-infrared, and total solar radiation. Critical to studies of the Sun and its effect on our Earth system and mankind, SORCE will provide measurements that specifically address long-term climate change, natural variability and enhanced climate...
Topics: What -- SORCE, What -- Pegasus, What -- Sun, What -- Earth, What -- SIM
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2597
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This emblem represents the eighth long-duration expedition to the International Space Station (ISS). The figure eight barner encircling the Earth combines the flags of the Nations represented by the two man crew. The ISS is portrayed above the Earth in its completed configuration. The names of the crew members, Michael Foale of the United States, and Alexander Kaleri of Russia, flank the outer border.
Topics: Who -- Michael Foale, Who -- Alexander Kaleri, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2768
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Back dropped by the colorful Earth, the International Space Station (ISS) boasts its newest configuration upon the departure of Space Shuttle Endeavor and STS-118 mission. Days earlier, construction resumed on the ISS as STS-118 mission specialists and the Expedition 15 crew completed installation of the Starboard 5 (S-5) truss segment, removed a faulty Control Moment Gyroscope (CMG-3), installed a new CMG into the Z1 truss, relocated the S-band Antenna Sub-Assembly from the Port 6 (P6) to Port...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4170
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Richard Milhous Nixon, What -- Apollo 11,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4025
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA's Space Optics Manufacturing Center has been working to expand our view of the universe via sophisticated new telescopes. The Optics Center's goal is to develop low-cost, advanced space optics technologies for the NASA program in the 21st century - including the long-term goal of imaging Earth-like planets in distant solar systems. To reduce the cost of mirror fabrication, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has developed replication techniques, the machinery and materials to replicate...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Electro, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2452
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Apollo 14 astronauts listen to official greetings from the Mobile Quarantine Facility aboard the USS New Orleans following their safe return from the third manned lunar landing mission. Pictured (from left to right) are Stuart A. Roosa, Command Module pilot ; Alan B. Shepard, Jr., Mission commander; and Edgar D. Mitchell, Lunar Module pilot. The Apollo 14 crew launched from launch complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center on January 31, 1971 and safely returned to Earth on February 9, 1971. It...
Topics: What -- Apollo 14, What -- Earth, What -- Moon, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2965
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Ground shaking triggered liquefaction in a subsurface layer of water-saturated sand, producing differential lateral and vertical movement in a overlying carapace of unliquified sand and slit, which moved from right to left towards the Pajaro River. This mode of ground failure, termed lateral spreading, is a principal cause of liquefaction-related earthquake damage caused by the Oct. 17, 1989, Loma Prieta earthquake. Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause friction as they roll and slide...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- STS-107, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=756
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a studio photograph of a model of the Ares V rocket. Named for the Greek god associated with Mars, Ares vehicles will return humans to the moon and later take them to Mars and other destinations. The Ares V is a heavy lift launch vehicle that will use five RS-68 liquid oxygen/liquid hydrogen engines mounted below a larger version of the space shuttle external tank, and two five-segment solid propellant rocket boosters for the first stage. The upper stage will use the same J-2X engine as...
Topics: What -- Ares Launch Vehicles, What -- Mars, What -- Moon, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3941
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and the Johnson Space Center (JSC) were each awarded 16-month contracts in April 1976 for the Space Station Systems Analysis Study (SSSAS). Grumman Aerospace Corporation was MSFC's contractor and McDornell Douglas Aerospace Company was JSC's contractor. The goal of this study was to formulate plans for a permanent operational base and laboratory facility in Earth orbit in addition to developing a space construction base design for implementing the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1539
NASA Images
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Progress in the Saturn program, depicted below, was described by Dr. Wernher von Braun, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Director, in an appearance before the Senate Committee of Aeronautical and Space Sciences. "The flight configuration of the giant three-stage Saturn C-1 rocket (later called Saturn I Block I) is seen in the Fabrication and Assembly Engineering Division at MSFC. Dwarfed by the 180-foot C-1 are a Juno II rocket (left rear) and a Mercury-Redstone rocket (front...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Mercury, What -- Earth, What -- Mars, What -- Venus, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1012
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Two workers are dwarfed by the five J-2 engines of the Saturn V second stage (S-II) as they make final inspections prior to a static test firing by North American Space Division. These five hydrogen -fueled engines produced one million pounds of thrust, and placed the Apollo spacecraft into earth orbit before departing for the moon. The towering 363-foot Saturn V was a multi-stage, multi-engine launch vehicle standing taller than the Statue of Liberty. Altogether, the Saturn V engines produced...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Earth, What -- Moon
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=304
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a view of a roadway near the NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC), shortly before dawn, where spectators from all over the world jammed into KSC to watch the liftoff of Apollo 11, the first manned lunar landing mission. Apollo 11 launched from KSC via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM)...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, What -- Dawn, What -- Apollo...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4062
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photograph, a laboratory technician handles a portion of the more than 20 different plant lines that were used within the Lunar Receiving Laboratory, Building 37 of the Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC) in Houston, Texas. This laboratory was part of the overall physical, chemical, and biological test program of the Apollo 11 returned lunar samples. Aboard the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle, the Apollo 11 mission launched from The Kennedy Space Center,...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4036
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4041
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image is a wide-angle view of the Orbital Workshop waste management compartment. The waste management facilities presented a unique challenge to spacecraft designers. In addition to collection of liquid and solid human wastes, there was a medical requirement to dry all solid human waste products and to return the residue to Earth for examination. Liquid human waste (urine) was frozen for return to Earth. Total quantities of each astronaut's liquid and solid wastes were precisely measured....
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1296
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) being assembled in the clean room of the Lockheed Missile and Space Company. This view was taken after the AFT shroud was placed over the Optical Telescope Assembly (OTA). The OTA contains two mirrors, primary and secondary, to collect and focus light from selected celestial objects. The HST is the first of NASA's great observatories and the most complex and sensitive optical telescope ever made. The purpose of the HST is to study the...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1703
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Seldom in aerospace history has a major decision been as promptly and concisely recorded as with the Skylab shown in this sketch. At a meeting at the Marshall Space Flight Center on August 19, 1966, George E. Mueller, NASA Associate Administrator for Marned Space Flight, used a felt pen and poster paper to pin down the final conceptual layout for the budding space station's (established as the Skylab in 1970) major elements. General Davy Jones, first program director, added his initials and...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Earth, What -- Sun, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1377
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engineers and technicians conduct a fit check of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Solar Array flight article in a clean room of the Lockheed Missile and Space Company. The Solar Array is 40- feet (12.1-meters) long and 8.2-feet (2.5-meters) wide, and provides power to the spacecraft. The HST is the first of NASA's great observatories and the most complex and sensitive optical telescope ever made. The purpose of the HST is to study the cosmos from a low-Earth orbit by placing the telescope in...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1708
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Designed by the participating crewmembers, the STS-44 patch shows the Space Shuttle Atlantis ascending to Earth orbit to expand mankind's knowledge. The patch illustrated by the symbolic red, white and blue of the American flag represents the American contribution and strength derived from this mission. The black background of space, indicative of the mysteries of the universe, is illuminated by six large stars, which depict the American crew of six and the hopes that travel with them. The...
Topics: What -- STS-44, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3498
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Research with plants in microgravity offers many exciting opportunities to gain new insights and could improve products on Earth ranging from crop production to fragrances and food flavorings. The ASTROCULTURE facility is a lead commercial facility for plant growth and plant research in microgravity and was developed by the Wisconsin Center for Space Automation and Robotics (WSCAR), a NASA Commercial Space Center. On STS-95 it will support research that could help improve crop development...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- STS-95, Where -- Wisconsin
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=160
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Arn Harris Hoover of Lockheed Martin Company demonstrates an engineering mockup of the Human Research Facility (HRF) that will be installed in Destiny, the U.S. Laboratory Module on the International Space Station (ISS). Using facilities similar to research hardware available in laboratories on Earth, the HRF will enable systematic study of cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, neurosensory, pulmonary, radiation, and regulatory physiology to determine biomedical changes resulting from space flight....
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=813
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Alexander Chernov, of the Universities Space Research Association (USRA) and based at Marshall Space Flight Center, is investigating why protein crystals grown in space are, in about 20 percent of cases, better-ordered than those grown on the ground. They are testing the idea that the amount of impurities trapped by space-grown crystals may be different than the amount trapped by crystals grown on Earth because convection is negligible in microgravity. The concentrations or impurities in...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2019
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An artist's concept of the Primary Atomic Clock Reference System (PARCS) plarned to fly on the International Space Station (ISS). PARCS will make even more accurate atomic time available to everyone, from physicists testing Einstein's Theory of Relativity, to hikers using the Global Positioning System to find their way. In ground-based atomic clocks, lasers are used to cool and nearly stop atoms of cesium whose vibrations are used as the time base. The microgravity of space will allow the atoms...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL),...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2011
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photograph, Jeff Alden (left) and Justin O'Cornor, two middle school students at Lane Middle School in Portland, Oregon are demonstrating their Earth-to-Orbit (ETO) Design Challenge project at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama. Jeff and Justin, who are just a couple of "typical teens," have been spending their time tackling some of the same challenges NASA engineers face when designing propulsion systems at MSFC. The ETO Design Challenge is a...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Oregon, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2317
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This close-up view of the International Space Station (ISS), newly equipped with its new 27,000 pound S0 (S-zero) truss, was photographed by an astronaut aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis STS-110 during its ISS fly-around mission while pulling away from the ISS. The STS-110 mission prepared the Station for future spacewalks by installing and outfitting the 43-foot-long S0 truss and preparing the first railroad in space, the Mobile Transporter. The 27,000 pound S0 truss was the first of 9...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2405
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-102 astronaut and mission specialist James S. Voss works outside Destiny, the U.S. Laboratory (shown in lower frame) on the International Space Station (ISS), while anchored to the Remote Manipulator System (RMS) robotic arm on the Space Shuttle Discovery during the first of two space walks. During this space walk, the longest to date in space shuttle history, Voss in tandem with Susan Helms (out of frame), prepared the Pressurized Mating Adapter 3 for repositioning from the Unity Module's...
Topics: Who -- Susan Helms, Who -- James Voss, What -- STS-102, What -- Destiny, What -- International...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2842
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Launched on July 26, 2005 from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, STS-114 was classified as Logistics Flight 1. Among the Station-related activities of the mission were the delivery of new supplies and the replacement of one of the orbital outpost's Control Moment Gyroscopes (CMGs). STS-114 also carried the Raffaello Multi-Purpose Logistics Module and the External Stowage Platform-2. A major focus of the mission was the testing and evaluation of new Space Shuttle flight safety, which included...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-114, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3410
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the crew patch for STS-33, designed by the five crewmembers. It features a stylized falcon soaring into space to represent America's commitment to manned space flight. The crewmembers feel the falcon symbolizes courage, intelligence, tenacity, and love of flight. They intend the orbit around Earth to represent the falcon's lofty domain; however, the bird, with its keen vision and natural curiosity, is depicted looking forward beyond that domain to challenge the edge of the universe. The...
Topics: What -- STS-33, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3448
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows Skylab's Particle Collection device, a scientific experiment designed to study micro-meteoroid particles in near-Earth space and determine their abundance, mass distribution, composition, and erosive effects. The Marshall Space Flight Center had program management responsibility for the development of Skylab hardware and experiments.
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1609
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Five astronauts based at the Johnson Space Center (JSC) and two payload specialists comprising the STS-95 mission take a break from their training schedule to pose for the STS-95 preflight portrait. Seated (left to right) are Steven W. Lindsey, pilot; and Curtis L. Brown, commander. Standing (left to right) are Scott E. Parazynski, mission specialist; Stephen K. Robinson, mission specialist; Chiaki Mukai (NASDA), payload specialist; Pedro Duque (ESA), mission specialist; and John H. Glenn,...
Topics: Who -- Chiaki Mukai, Who -- Pedro Duque, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-95, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3614
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Managed by Marshall Space Flight Center, the Space Tug concept was intended to be a reusable multipurpose space vehicle designed to transport payloads to different orbital inclinations. Utilizing mission-specific combinations of its three primary modules (crew, propulsion, and cargo) and a variety of supplementary kits, the Space Tug was capable of numerous space applications. This 1970 artist's concept represents a typical configuration required to conduct operations and tasks in Earth orbit....
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1826
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Concept of a vehicle journeys from Earth to Mars propelled by thrusters powered by electricity from photovoltaic cells on its large fan shaped sails
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Mars
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=695
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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From the right, NASA administrator, Dr. Thomas O. Paine talks with U.S. Vice President Spiro T. Agnew while awaiting the launch of Saturn V (AS-506) that carried the Apollo 11 spacecraft to the Moon for man?s historic first landing on the lunar surface. At center is astronaut William Anders, a member of the first crew to orbit the moon during the Apollo 8 mission. At left is Lee B. James, director of Program Management at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) where the Saturn V was...
Topics: Who -- Spiro T. Agnew, Who -- William Anders, Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4019
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows the Hubble Space Telescope's (HST's) Primary Mirror being polished at the the Perkin-Elmer Corporation's large optics fabrication facility. After the 8-foot diameter mirror was ground to shape and polished, the glass surface was coated with a reflective layer of aluminum and a protective layer of magnesium fluoride, 0.1- and 0.025-micrometers thick, respectively. The purpose of the HST, the most complex and sensitive optical telescope ever made, is to study the cosmos from...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1694
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Pierre J. Thuot, mission specialist, works with the Mid-deck 0-gravity Dynamics Experiment (MODE) aboard the Earth-orbiting Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-62). MODE studies the dynamics of liquids and skewed space structures in the microgravity environment.
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-62, Where -- Pierre
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=540
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Researchers at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) have designed, fabricated, and tested the first solar thermal engine, a non-chemical rocket engine that produces lower thrust but has better thrust efficiency than a chemical combustion engine. MSFC turned to solar thermal propulsion in the early 1990s due to its simplicity, safety, low cost, and commonality with other propulsion systems. Solar thermal propulsion works by acquiring and redirecting solar energy to heat a propellant. This...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2215
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Back dropped by the blue and white Earth is a Materials International Space Station Experiment (MISSE) on the exterior of the Station. The photograph was taken during the second bout of STS-118 Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA). MISSE collects information on how different materials weather in the environment of space.
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-118
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4157
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Advanced Automated Directional Solidification Furnace (AADSF) flew during the USMP-2 mission. During USMP-2, the AADSF was used to study the growth of mercury cadmium telluride crystals in microgravity by directional solidification, a process commonly used on earth to process metals and grow crystals. The furnace is tubular and has three independently controlled temperature zones. The sample travels from the hot zone of the furnace (1600 degrees F) where the material solidifies as it cools....
Topics: What -- Mercury, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=76
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA's Space Optics Manufacturing Center has been working to expand our view of the universe via sophisticated new telescopes. The Optics Center's goal is to develop low-cost, advanced space optics technologies for the NASA program in the 21st century - including the long-term goal of imaging Earth-like planets in distant solar systems. To reduce the cost of mirror fabrication, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has developed replication techniques, the machinery, and materials to replicate...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Electro, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2456
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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CT scans of the specimens on STS-79 reveal internal cone-shaped features and radial patterns not seen in specimens processed on the ground. The lighter areas are the densest in these images. CT scans produced richly detailed images allowing scientists to build 3D models of the interior of the specimens that can be compared with microscopic examination of thin slices. This view is made from three orthogonal slices. Sand and soil grains have faces that can cause friction as they roll and slide...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=753
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This illustration shows general characteristics of the Skylab with callouts of its major components. In an early effort to extend the use of Apollo for further applications, NASA established the Apollo Applications Program (AAP) in August of 1965. The AAP was to include long duration Earth orbital missions during which astronauts would carry out scientific, technological, and engineering experiments in space by utilizing modified Saturn launch vehicles and the Apollo spacecraft. Established in...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Earth, What -- Saturn, What -- Sun, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1249
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Cells cultured on Earth (left) typically settle quickly on the bottom of culture vessels due to gravity. In microgravity (right), cells remain suspended and aggregate to form three-dimensional tissue. The NASA Bioreactor provides a low turbulence culture environment which promotes the formation of large, three-dimensional cell clusters. The Bioreactor is rotated to provide gentle mixing of fresh and spent nutrient without inducing shear forces that would damage the cells. Due to their high...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2051
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an illustration of the Space Base concept. In-house work of the Marshall Space Flight Center, as well as a Phase B contract with the McDornel Douglas Astronautics Company, resulted in a preliminary design for a space station in 1969 and l970. The Marshall-McDonnel Douglas approach envisioned the use of two common modules as the core configuration of a 12-man space station. Each common module was 33 feet in diameter and 40 feet in length and provided the building blocks, not only for the...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Douglas
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1536
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-109 crew of seven waved to onlookers as they emerged from the Operations and Checkout Buildings at Kennedy Space Flight Center eager to get to the launch pad to embark upon the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia's 27th flight into space. Crew members included, from front to back, Duane G. Carey (left) and Scott D. Altman (right); Nancy J. Currie, mission specialist; John M. Grunsfield (left), payload commander, and Richard M. Linneham (right); James H. Newman (left) and Michael J. Massimino...
Topics: Who -- James H. Newman, What -- STS-109, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Hubble Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2371
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the insignia for the STS-107 mission which is a multidiscipline microgravity and Earth science research mission involving 80-plus International experiments to be performed by a crew of seven during the 16-day mission. The breadth of science conducted on this mission will have widespread benefits to life on Earth. Many of the experiments will be managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The first shuttle mission in 2003, the STS-107 mission launched January 16,...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2581