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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Researchers have found that as melted metals and alloys (combinations of metals) solidify, they can form with different arrangements of atoms, called microstructures. These microstructures depend on the shape of the interface (boundary) between the melted metal and the solid crystal it is forming. There are generally three shapes that the interface can take: planar, or flat; cellular, which looks like the cells of a beehive; and dendritic, which resembles tiny fir trees. Convection at this...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=194
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The bumpy exterior of the turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) protein coat, or capsid, was defined in detail by Dr. Alexander McPherson of the University of California, Irvin using proteins crystallized in space for analysis on Earth. TYMV is an icosahedral virus constructed from 180 copies of the same protein arranged into 12 clusters of five proteins (pentamers), and 20 clusters of six proteins (hexamers). The final TYMV structure led to the unexpected hypothesis that the virus releases its RNA...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=837
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The second manned lunar landing mission, Apollo 12, launched from launch pad 39-A at Kennedy Space Center in Florida on November 14, 1969 via a Saturn V launch vehicle. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. Aboard Apollo 12 was a crew of three astronauts: Alan L. Bean, pilot of the Lunar Module (LM), Intrepid; Richard Gordon, pilot of the Command Module (CM), Yankee Clipper; and Spacecraft Commander Charles...
Topics: Who -- Richard Gordon, What -- Apollo 12, What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, What -- Surveyor 3, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3001
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The NASA Bioreactor provides a low turbulence culture environment which promotes the formation of large, three-dimensional cell clusters. Due to their high level of cellular organization and specialization, samples constructed in the bioreactor more closely resemble the original tumor or tissue found in the body. The work is sponsored by NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research. The bioreactor is managed by the Biotechnology Cell Science Program at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC)....
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2072
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This illustration depicts the Skylab-1 and Skylab-2 mission sequence. The goals of the Skylab were to enrich our scientific knowledge of the Earth, the Sun, the stars, and cosmic space; to study the effects of weightlessness on living organisms, including man; to study the effects of the processing and manufacturing of materials utilizing the absence of gravity; and to conduct Earth resource observations. The Skylab also conducted 19 selected experiments submitted by high school students....
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Earth, What -- Sun, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2195
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The colorful streamers that float across the sky in this photo taken by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope (HST) were created by the universe's biggest firecracker, the titanic supernova explosion of a massive star. The light from the exploding star reached Earth 320 years ago, nearly a century before the United States celebrated its birth with a bang. The dead star's shredded remains are called Cassiopeia A, or "Cas A" for short. Cas A is the youngest known supernova remnant in our Milky...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Earth, What -- Cassiopeia, What -- Constellation,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2527
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The short-arm centrifuge subjects an astronaut to conflicting sensory input and study the astronaut's perception of motion. It is one of several instruments used in the Spatial Reorientation Following Space Flight investigation to be conducted on crewmembers. During space flight, the vestibular organs no longer respond in a familiar way. Instead, inputs from the irner ear do not match those coming from the eyes. While on Earth, you can open your eyes to see if you truly are spinning, but...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2636
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 16 Command Module splashed down in the Pacific Ocean on April 27, 1972 after an 11-day moon exploration mission. The 3-man crew is shown here aboard the rescue ship, USS Horton. From left to right are: Mission Commander John W. Young, Lunar Module pilot Charles M. Duke, and Command Module pilot Thomas K. Mattingly II. The sixth manned lunar landing mission, the Apollo 16 (SA-511) lifted off on April 16, 1972. The Apollo 16 mission continued the broad-scale geological, geochemical,...
Topics: What -- Apollo 15, What -- Moon, What -- Earth, What -- Apollo 16, Where -- Pacific Ocean, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3041
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This video of a candle flame burning in space was taken by the Candle Flames in Microgravity (CFM) experiment on the Russian Mir space station. It is actually a composite of still photos from a 35mm camera since the video images were too dim. The images show a hemispherically shaped flame, primarily blue in color, with some yellow early int the flame lifetime. The actual flame is quite dim and difficult to see with the naked eye. Nearly 80 candles were burned in this experiment aboard Mir. NASA...
Topics: What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3894
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Hinode (Sunrise), formerly known as Solar-B before reaching orbit, was launched from the Uchinoura Space Center in Japan on September 23, 2006. Hinode was designed to probe into the Sun?s magnetic field to better understand the origin of solar disturbances which interfere with satellite communications, electrical power transmission grids, and the safety of astronauts traveling beyond the Earth?s magnetic field. Hinode is circling Earth in a polar orbit that places the instruments in continuous...
Topics: What -- Hinode, What -- Solar Optical Telescope, What -- Earth, What -- Polar, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3912
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Launched on July 26, 2005, from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, STS-114 was classified as Logistics Flight 1. Among the Station-related activities of the mission were the delivery of new supplies and the replacement of one of the orbital outpost's Control Moment Gyroscopes (CMGs). STS-114 also carried the Raffaello Multi-Purpose Logistics Module and the External Stowage Platform-2. A major focus of the mission was the testing and evaluation of new Space Shuttle flight safety, which...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-114, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3622
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the Apollo 17 insignia or logo. The seventh and last manned lunar landing and return to Earth mission, the Apollo 17, carried a crew of three astronauts: Harrison H. Schmitt, Lunar Module pilot; Eugene A. Cernan, mission commander; and Ronald E. Evans, Command Module pilot. Apollo 17 lifted off on December 7, 1972 from the Kennedy Space Flight Center (KSC). Scientific objectives of the mission included geological surveying and sampling of materials and surface features in a preselected...
Topics: What -- Apollo 17, What -- Earth, What -- Taurus, What -- LACE, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3816
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Against a black night sky, the Space Shuttle Discovery and its seven-member crew head toward Earth-orbit and a scheduled linkup with the International Space Station (ISS). Liftoff from the Kennedy Space Center's launch pad 39B occurred at 8:47 p.m. (EST) on Dec. 9, 2006 in what was the first evening shuttle launch since 2002. The primary mission objective was to deliver and install the P5 truss element. The P5 installation was conducted during the first of three space walks, and involved use of...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- Earth, What -- International Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3921
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Installation of the Mercury capsule on Redstone booster at the Redstone Test Stand. Assembled at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the Mercury-Redstone launch vehicle was designed to place a marned space capsule into orbital flight around the Earth and recover both safely.
Topics: What -- Mercury, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=980
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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As the construction continued on the International Space Station (ISS), STS-118 astronaut and mission specialist, Dave Williams, representing the Canadian Space Agency, was anchored on the foot restraint of the Canadarm2 as he participated in the second session of Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA) for the mission. Assisting Williams was Rick Mastracchio (out of frame). During the 6 hour, 28 minute space walk, the two removed a faulty control moment gyroscope (CMG-3) and installed a new CMG into...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-118, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4166
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A three-year-old chimpanzee, named Ham, in the biopack couch for the MR-2 suborbital test flight. On January 31, 1961, a Mercury-Redstone launch from Cape Canaveral carried the chimpanzee "Ham" over 640 kilometers down range in an arching trajectory that reached a peak of 254 kilometers above the Earth. The mission was successful and Ham performed his lever-pulling task well in response to the flashing light. NASA used chimpanzees and other primates to test the Mercury Capsule before...
Topics: Who -- Alan B. Shepard, Jr., What -- Mercury, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=979
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a view of the Saturn V S-IVB (third) stage for the AS-209 (Apollo-Soyuz test project backup vehicle) on a transporter in the right foreground, and the S-IVB stage for AS-504 (Apollo 9 mission) being installed in the Beta Test Stand 1 at the SACTO facility in California. After the S-II (second) stage dropped away, the S-IVB (third) stage ignited and burned for about two minutes to place itself and the Apollo spacecraft into the desired Earth orbit. At the proper time during this Earth...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Apollo 9, What -- Earth, What -- Moon, Where -- California, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1109
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission launched from the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. (Buzz) Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. With the success of Apollo 11, the national objective to land men on the Moon and return them safely to Earth...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, What -- Apollo 11, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4097
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Carrying astronauts Neil A. Armstrong and Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., the Lunar Module (LM) ?Eagle? was the first crewed vehicle to land on the Moon. The LM landed on the moon?s surface on July 20, 1969 in the region known as Mare Tranquilitatis (the Sea of Tranquility). Meanwhile, astronaut Michael Collins piloted the command module in a parking orbit around the moon. This photo is of Edwin Aldrin walking on the lunar surface. Neil Armstrong, who took the photograph, can be seen reflected in...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, What -- Moon, What -- Apollo...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3020
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4032
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The idea that ultimately became Skylab first surfaced in 1962 as a proposal to convert a spent Saturn upper stage (Saturn V S-II stage) into an orbital workshop. In 1968, the Marshall Space Flight Center proposed an alternative to the wet workshop concept of refurbishing a space station in orbit. Instead, a fully equipped dry workshop could be launched as a complete unit ready for occupancy. Skylab became the free world's first space station. Launched in May 1973, the Skylab space station was...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1807
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Spacelab was a versatile laboratory carried in the Space Shuttle's cargo bay for special research flights. Its various elements could be combined to accommodate the many types of scientific research that could best be performed in space. Spacelab consisted of an enclosed, pressurized laboratory module and open U-shaped pallets located at the rear of the laboratory module. The laboratory module contained utilities, computers, work benches, and instrument racks to conduct scientific experiments...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3144
NASA Images
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The Space Shuttle was designed to carry large payloads into Earth orbit. One of the most important payloads is Spacelab. The Spacelab serves as a small but well-equipped laboratory in space to perform experiments in zero-gravity and make astronomical observations above the Earth's obscuring atmosphere. In this photograph, Payload Specialist, Ulf Merbold, is working at Gradient Heating Facility on the Materials Science Double Rack (MSDR) inside the science module in the Orbiter Columbia's...
Topics: Who -- Ulf Merbold, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1828
NASA Images
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The MEPHISTO experiment is a cooperative American and French investigation of the fundamentals of crystal growth. MEPHISTO is a French-designed and built materials processing furnace. MEPHISTO experiments study solidation (also called freezing) during the growth cycle of liquid materials used for semiconductor crystals. Solidification is the process where materials change from liquid (melt) to solid. An example of the solidification process is water changing into ice.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=114
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Saturn V configuration is shown in inches and meters as illustrated by the Boeing Company. The Saturn V vehicle consisted of three stages: the S-IC (first) stage powered by five F-1 engines, the S-II (second) stage powered by five J-2 engines, the S-IVB (third) stage powered by one J-2 engine. A top for the first three stages was designed to contain the instrument unit, the guidance system, the Apollo spacecraft, and the escape system. The Apollo spacecraft consisted of the lunar module,...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1090
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the official crew portrait of the Apollo 11 astronauts. Pictured from left to right are: Neil A. Armstrong, Commander; Michael Collins, Module Pilot; Edwin E. "Buzz" Aldrin, Lunar Module Pilot. Apollo 11 was the first marned lunar landing mission that placed the first humans on the surface of the moon and returned them back to Earth. Astronaut Armstrong became the first man on the lunar surface, and astronaut Aldrin became the second. Astronaut Collins piloted the Command...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Moon, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2828
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Onboard Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-42) Astronaut Norman E. Thagard, payload commander, and Canadian payload specialist Roberta L. Bondar are busily engaged with experiments in the International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-1) science module. Bondar reads a checklist near the Biorack while Thagard performs a VCR tape change-out. The two, along with four other NASA astronauts and a second IML-1 payload specialist spent more than eight days conducting experiments in Earth orbit. Part of the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- STS-4, What -- IML 1, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=534
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle produced a holocaust of flames as it rose from its pad at Launch complex 39. The 363 foot tall, 6,400,000 pound rocket hurled the spacecraft into Earth parking orbit and then placed it on the trajectory to the moon for man?s first...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4051
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-52) thunders off Launch Pad 39B, embarking on a 10-day flight and carrying a crew of six who will deploy the Laser Geodynamic Satellite II (LAGEOS). LAGEOS is a spherical passive satellite covered with reflectors which are illuminated by ground-based lasers to determine precise measurements of the Earth's crustal movements. The other major payload on this mission is the United States Microgravity Payload 1 (USMP-1), where experiments will be conducted by crew...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-5, What -- LAGEOS, What -- Earth, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=573
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The NASA imaging processing technology, an advanced computer technique to enhance images sent to Earth in digital form by distant spacecraft, helped develop a new vision screening process. The Ocular Vision Screening system, an important step in preventing vision impairment, is a portable device designed especially to detect eye problems in children through the analysis of retinal reflexes.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=602
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The second manned lunar landing mission, Apollo 12 launched from launch pad 39-A at Kennedy Space Center in Florida on November 14, 1969 via a Saturn V launch vehicle. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. Aboard Apollo 12 was a crew of three astronauts: Alan L. Bean, pilot of the Lunar Module (LM), Intrepid; Richard Gordon, pilot of the Command Module (CM), Yankee Clipper; and Spacecraft Commander Charles...
Topics: Who -- Richard Gordon, What -- Apollo 12, What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, What -- Surveyor 3, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2990
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-64, Astronaut Marc Lee tests the (SAFER) Simplified Aid for Eva Rescue system 130 nautical miles above earth.
Topics: What -- STS-64, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=63
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A special lighting technology was developed for space-based commercial plant growth research on NASA's Space Shuttle. Surgeons have used this technology to treat brain cancer on Earth, in two successful operations. The treatment technique, called Photodynamic Therapy, requires the surgeon to use tiny, pinhead-size Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) (a source that releases long wavelengths of light ) to activate light-sensitive, tumor-treating drugs. "A young woman operated on in May 1999 has...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Cancer, What -- Earth, Where -- Wisconsin, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1847
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-78 patch links past with present to tell the story of its mission and science through a design imbued with the strength and vitality of the 2-dimensional art of North America's northwest coast Indians. Central to the design is the space Shuttle whose bold lines and curves evoke the Indian image for the eagle, a native American symbol of power and prestige as well as the national symbol of the United States. The wings of the Shuttle suggest the wings of the eagle whose feathers,...
Topics: What -- STS-78, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Sun, What -- Earth, What -- Constellation,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3587
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) have identified what may be the most luminous star known; a celestial mammoth that releases up to 10-million times the power of the Sun and is big enough to fill the diameter of Earth's orbit. The star unleashes as much energy in six seconds as our Sun does in one year. The image, taken by a UCLA-led team with the recently installed Near-Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) aboard the HST, also reveals a bright nebula, created...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Sun, What -- Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1719
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 7-year journey to Saturn began with the liftoff of a Titan IVB/ Centaur carrying the Cassini orbiter and its attached Huygens probe. After a 2.2-billion mile journey that included two swingbys of Venus and one of the Earth to gain additional velocity, the two-story tall spacecraft will arrive at Saturn in July 2004. The orbiter will circle the planet for 4 years, its compliment of 12 scientific instruments gathering data about Saturn's atmosphere, rings and magnetosphere and conducting...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Titan, What -- Centaur, What -- Cassini, What -- Huygens Probe, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1625
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Managed by Marshall Space Flight Center, the Space Tug concept was intended to be a reusable multipurpose space vehicle designed to transport payloads to different orbital inclinations. Utilizing mission-specific combinations of its three primary modules (crew, propulsion, and cargo) and a variety of supplementary kits, the Space Tug was capable of numerous space applications. This 1970 artist's concept illustrates several examples of how the Tug's propulsion module could be implemented to...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1825
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engineers at Marshall Space Flight Center's Interstellar Propulsion Research department are proposing different solutions to combustion propellants for future space travel. Pictured here is one alternative, the solar sail, depicted through an artist's concept. The idea is, once deployed, the sail will allow solar winds to propel a spacecraft away from Earth and towards its destination. This would allow a spacecraft to travel indefinitely without the need to refuel during its prolong journey....
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Louisiana, Where -- New York,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2463
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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After the Overnight Scentsation rose plant's return to Earth, IFF scientists found a significant change in some of the chemical components occured while in microgravity.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=182
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Quick Time Movie shows lightening strikes as observed from aboard a Space Shuttle. Crew Earth Observations record Earth surface changes over time, as well as more fleeting events such as storms, floods, fires, and volcanic eruptions. Earth science and weather studies are an important ongoing function of NASA and its affiliates.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3169
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 16th American assembly flight and 112th overall American flight to the International Space Station (ISS) launched on November 23, 2002 from Kennedy's launch pad 39A aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour STS-113. Mission objectives included the delivery of the Expedition Six Crew to the ISS, the return of Expedition Five crew back to Earth, the delivery of the Crew Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) cart to the ISS, and the installation and activation of the Port 1 Integrated Truss...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2797
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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As the construction continued on the International Space Station (ISS), STS-118 astronaut and mission specialist Rick Mastracchio participated in the second session of Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA) for the mission. Assisting Mastracchio was Canadian Space Agency representative Dave Williams (out of frame). During the 6 hour, 28 minute space walk, the two removed a faulty control moment gyroscope (CMG-3) and installed a new CMG into the Z1 truss. The failed CMG will remain in its temporary...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-118, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4165
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The high-tech art of digital signal processing (DSP) was pioneered at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in the mid-1960s for use in the Apollo Lunar Landing Program. Designed to computer enhance pictures of the Moon, this technology became the basis for the Landsat Earth resources satellites and subsequently has been incorporated into a broad range of Earthbound medical and diagnostic tools. DSP is employed in advanced body imaging techniques including Computer-Aided Tomography, also known...
Topics: What -- Moon, What -- Landsat, What -- Earth, What -- MRI, What -- Beam, Where -- Jet Propulsion...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1833
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Zvezda Service Module, the first Russian contribution and third element to the International Space Station (ISS), is shown under construction in the Krunichev State Research and Production Facility (KhSC) in Moscow. Russian technicians work on the module shortly after it completed a pressurization test. In the foreground is the forward portion of the module, including the spherical transfer compartment and its three docking ports. The forward port docked with the cornected Functional Cargo...
Topics: What -- Zvezda, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2439
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 16th American assembly flight and 112th overall American flight to the International Space Station (ISS) launched on November 23, 2002 from Kennedy's launch pad 39A aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour STS-113. Mission objectives included the delivery of the Expedition Six Crew to the ISS, the return of Expedition Five crew back to Earth, the delivery of the Crew and Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) cart, and the installation and activation of the Port 1 Integrated Truss Assembly...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2800
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1970 photograph shows Skylab's Time and Motion experiment (M151) control unit, a medical study to measure performance differences between tasks undertaken on Earth and the same tasks performed by Skylab crew members in orbit. Data collected from this experiment evaluated crew members' zero-gravity behavior for designs and work programs for future space exploration. The Marshall Space Flight Center had program management responsibility for the development of Skylab hardware and experiments.
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1341
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut L. Gordon Cooper, Jr., one of the original seven astronauts for Mercury Project selected by NASA on April 27, 1959. The MA-9 mission, boosted by the Mercury-Atlas launch vehicle, was the last flight of the Mercury Project. The Faith 7 spacecraft orbited the Earth 22 times in 1-1/2 days.
Topics: Who -- Gordon Cooper, What -- Mercury, What -- Atlas, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1520
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Scott Carpenter, one of the original seven astronauts for Mercury Project selected by NASA on April 27, 1959. Boosted by the Mercury-Atlas vehicle, the MA-7 mission made the second marned orbital flight by the United States, and carried Astronaut Carpenter aboard Aurora 7 spacecraft to orbit the Earth three times.
Topics: Who -- Scott Carpenter, What -- Mercury, What -- Atlas, What -- Earth, Where -- United States of...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1518
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The dominant theme of the STS-36, designed by the five astronaut crewmembers, is, in their words ...the essential role that space plays in preserving the blessings of freedom and liberty for America. The crew used the eagle to symbolize our country's commitment to strength and vigilance; its domain is not bound by the limits of Earth but reaches out to the star. The Shuttle, they express majestically beginning its journey into orbit demonstrates how man and machine work together for the...
Topics: What -- STS-36, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3462
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1989 artist's rendering shows how a Shuttle-C would look during launch. As envisioned by Marshall Space Flight Center plarners, the Shuttle-C would be an unmanned heavy-lift cargo vehicle derived from Space Shuttle elements. The vehicle would utilize the basic Shuttle propulsion units (Solid Rocket Boosters, Space Shuttle Main Engine, External Tank), but would replace the Orbiter with an unmanned Shuttle-C Cargo Element (SCE). The SCE would have a payload bay lenght of eighty-two feet,...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- SCE, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=967
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Carl E. Walz, mission specialist, enters the International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-2) science module in the cargo bay via the turnel connecting it to Columbia's cabin. Walz joined five other NASA astronauts and a Japanese payload specialist for more than two weeks of experimenting in Earth orbit.
Topics: What -- IML 2, What -- Earth, What -- STS-65
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=202
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Terry C. Quist (center), high school student from San Antonio, Texas, discusses his proposed Skylab experiment with Marshall Space Flight Center?s (MSFC) Henry Floyd (left), coordinator of the Skylab Student Experiment Project, and DR. Raymond Gause, scientific advisor to Quist. The student?s experiment, ?Earth Orbital Neutron Analysis?, was aimed at learning more about the source of neutrons in the solar system by seeking the number and direction from which each comes. Quist was among the 25...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Earth, Where -- Texas, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3285
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Repair of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) - orbiting earth at an altitude of 325 nautical miles. Perched atop a foot restraint on shuttle Endeavour's remote manipulator system arm, astronauts Story Musgrave and Jeffrey Hoffman wrap up the final of five space walks.
Topics: Who -- Story Musgrave, Who -- Jeffrey Hoffman, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=512
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This chart describes the Skylab student experiment Web Formation. Judith S. Miles of Lexington High School, Lexington, Massachusetts, proposed a study of the spider's behavior in a weightless environment. The geometrical structure of the web of the orb-weaving spider provides a good measure of the condition of its central nervous system. Since the spider senses its own weight to determine the required thickness of web material and uses both the wind and gravity to initiate construction of its...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Earth, Where -- Massachusetts, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1418
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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One of the final runs of the TEMPUS experiment shows heating of a sample on STS-94, July 15, 1997, MET:14/11:01 (approximate) and the flows on the surface. At the point this image was taken, the sample was in the process of melting. The surface of the sample is begirning to flow, looking like the motion of plate tectonics on the surface of a planet. During this mission, TEMPUS was able to run than 120 melting cycles with zirconium, with a maximum temperature of 2,000 degrees C, and was able to...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- Earth, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2671
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Research at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center has resulted in a system for reading hidden identification codes using a hand-held magnetic scanner. It's an invention that could help businesses improve inventory management, enhance safety, improve security, and aid in recall efforts if defects are discovered. Two-dimensional Data Matrix symbols consisting of letters and numbers permanently etched on items for identification and resembling a small checkerboard pattern are more efficient and...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- California, Where -- New...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2940
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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After five days of service and upgrade work on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), the STS-109 crew photographed the giant telescope returning to its normal routine. The telescope was captured and secured on a work stand in Columbia's payload bay using Columbia's robotic arm, where 4 of the 7-member crew performed 5 space walks completing system upgrades to the HST. Included in those upgrades were: The replacement of the solar array panels; replacement of the power control unit (PCU); replacement...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-109, What -- Faint...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2823
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-90 crew patch reflects the dedication of the mission to neuroscience in celebration of the decade of the brain. Earth is revealed through a neuron-shaped window, which symbolizes new perspectives in the understanding of nervous system development, structure and function, both here on Earth and in the microgravity environment of space. The Space Shuttle Columbia is depicted with its open payload bay doors revealing the Spacelab within. An integral component of the mission, the...
Topics: What -- STS-90, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- INTEGRAL,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3611
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Shannon Lucid is seen egressing from a training version of a soyez spacecraft, during a water survival training session in Russia. In March of 1996, Lucid accompanied the STS-76 crew to the Russian space station, Mir, where she stayed for a little over four months before returning to Earth with the STS-79 crew.
Topics: Who -- Shannon Lucid, What -- STS-76, What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What -- Earth, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3858
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Richard Milhous Nixon, What -- Apollo 11,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4023
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1970 photograph shows Skylab's Microwave Radiometer/Scatterometer and Altimeter, one of the major components for an Earth Resources Experiment Package (EREP). It was designed to study varying ocean surface, soil erosion, sea and lake ice, snow cover, seasonal vegetational changes, flooding, rainfall and soil types. The overall purpose of the EREP was to test the use of sensors that operated in the visible, infrared, and microwave portions of the electromagnetic spectrum to monitor and...
Topics: What -- Altimeter, What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1358
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A Titan booster launched the Gemini 8 spacecraft on March 16, 1966 from launch complex 19 Cape Kennedy, Florida. The flight crew for the 3 day mission, astronauts Neil A. Armstrong and David R. Scott, achieved the first rendezvous and docking to Atlas/Agena in Earth orbit.
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- David R. Scott, What -- Titan, What -- Gemini 8, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3373
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-42, Viewing earth with lots of snow, partial view of IML-1 (International Microgravity Laboratory) in cargo bay.
Topics: What -- STS-4, What -- Earth, What -- IML 1
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=44
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Backdropped against the Earth, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST)is shown sporting new and modified solar arrays stowed against its barrel. Orbiting Earth at an altitude of 325 nautical miles, an astronaut begins other repairs of the HST while perched atop a foot restraint on shuttle Endeavour's remote manipulator system arm. The 59th and final Shuttle flight of 1993 was one of most challenging and complex marned missions ever attempted. During record five back-to-back space walks totaling 35...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-61
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2549
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), formerly Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), fully developed in orbit in a star field with Earth. In 1999, the AXAF was renamed the CXO in honor of the late Indian-American Novel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The CXO is the most sophisticated and the world's most powerful x-ray telescope ever built. It is designed to observe x-rays from high energy regions of the Universe, such as hot gas in the renmants of...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Visible Light, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1979
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the experimental Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV), the X-37 located in the cargo bay of a space shuttle with Earth in the background. The X-37 was designed to launch from the space shuttle's cargo bay as a secondary payload. Once deployed, the X-37 would remain on-orbit up to 21 days performing a variety of experiments before re-entering the Earth's atmosphere and landing. The X-37 program was discontinued in 2003.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2957
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The potential for investigating combustion at the limits of flammability, and the implications for spacecraft fire safety, led to the Structures Of Flame Balls At Low Lewis-number (SOFBALL) experiment flown twice aboard the Space Shuttle in 1997. The success there led to reflight on STS-107 Research 1 mission plarned for 2002. All the combustion in a flame ball takes place in a razor-thin reaction zone that depends on diffusion to keep the ball alive. Such a fragile balance is impossible on...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-107, What -- Earth, Where -- California, Where -- Los...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2034
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Destined for the International Space Station (ISS), a Soyez TMA-1 spacecraft launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan on April 26, 2003. Aboard are Expedition Seven crew members, cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Expedition Seven mission commander, and Astronaut Edward T. Lu, Expedition Seven NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer. Expedition Six crew members returned to Earth aboard the Russian spacecraft after a 5 and 1/2 month stay aboard the ISS. Photo credit: NASA/Scott Andrews
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Kazakhstan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2723
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the STS-102 mission crew insignia. The central image on the crew patch depicts the International Space Station (ISS) in the build configuration that it had at the time of the arrival and docking of Discovery during the STS-102 mission, the first crew exchange flight to the Space Station. The station is shown along the direction of the flight as was seen by the shuttle crew during their final approach and docking, the so-called V-bar approach. The names of the shuttle crew members are...
Topics: What -- STS-102, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Discovery, What -- Earth, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2847
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the crew insignia for STS-97 which delivered, assembled, and activated the U.S. electrical power system onboard the International Space Station (ISS). The electrical power system, which is built into a 47-foot integrated truss structure known as P6, consists of solar arrays, radiators, batteries, and electronics. P6 was prepared for subsequent deployments of larger solar arrays and radiator, a critical step in the activation of the electrical power system that will eventually provide...
Topics: What -- STS-97, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2918
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image hosts a look into the eye of Hurricane Ivan, one of the strongest hurricanes on record, as the storm approached landfall on the central Gulf coast Wednesday afternoon on September 15, 2004. The hurricane was photographed by astronaut Edward M. (Mike) Fincke from aboard the International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude of approximately 230 miles. At the time, sustained winds in the eye of the wall were reported at about 135 mph as the downgraded category 4 storm approached the...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3058
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image hosts a look at the eye of Hurricane Ivan, one of the strongest hurricanes on record, as the storm topped the western Caribbean Sea on Saturday, September 11, 2004. The hurricane was photographed by astronaut Edward M. (Mike) Fincke from aboard the International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude of approximately 230 miles. At the time, the category 5 storm sustained winds in the eye of the wall that were reported at about 160 mph. Crew Earth Observations record Earth surface changes...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Caribbean Sea
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3057
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Signifying the continuing assembly of the International Space Station (ISS), the STS-116 crew patch depicts the space shuttle rising above the Earth and the ISS. The United States and Swedish flags trail the orbiter, depicting the international composition of the STS-116 crew. The seven stars of the constellation Ursa Major are used to provide direction to the North Star, which is superimposed over the installation location of the P5 truss on ISS.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-116, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3918
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The unpiloted Russian Progress 7 supply ship departs from the Zvezda Service Module's docking port on the International Space Station. Carrying its load of trash and urneeded equipment, it will be deorbited and burned up in the atmosphere. The undocking paves the way for the arrival of the new Progress 8, filled with fresh supplies. Soviet designers realized that long-duration missions in space would demand a constant supply of consumable materials from Earth. The cost-effective Progress...
Topics: What -- Progress 7, What -- Zvezda, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Progress 8,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2417
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Apollo 8 astronauts and commanding officer of the recovery ship U.S.S. Yorktown walk the red carpet of the flight deck after splashdown recovery in the Pacific Ocean. Apollo 8 served as the first manned lunar orbit mission and the first manned flight of the Saturn V space vehicle, developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Liftoff occurred on December 21, 1968, carrying astronauts Frank Borman, commander; William Anders, Lunar Module (LM) Pilot; and James Lovell, Command Module (CM)...
Topics: Who -- Frank Borman, Who -- William Anders, What -- Apollo 8, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4134