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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Suzarne Nichols (12th grade) from DuPont Manual High School in Louisville, Kentucky, asks a question of on of the on-line lecturers during the Pan-Pacific Basin Workshop on Microgravity Sciences held in Pasadena, California. The event originated at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. The DuPont Manual students patched in to the event through the distance learning lab at the Louisville Science Center. NASA materials engineer Chris Cochrane prepare students for the on-line workshop...
Topics: Where -- Kentucky, Where -- California, Where -- Los Angeles
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2110
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The National Space Science and Technology Center (NSSTC), located in Huntsville, Alabama, is a laboratory for cutting-edge research in selected scientific and engineering disciplines. The major objectives of the NSSTC are to provide multiple fields of expertise coming together to solve solutions to science and technology problems, and gaining recognition as a world-class science research organization. The center, opened in August 2000, focuses on space science, Earth sciences, information...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2627
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A clear blue sky hosts the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia STS-107 mission as it hurtles toward space from launch pad 39A at Kennedy Space Center on January 16, 2003. The 28th Columbia flight and 113th overall flight in NASA's Space Shuttle program, STS-107 is a multidiscipline microgravity and Earth science research mission involving 80-plus International experiments to be performed by a crew of seven during the 16-day mission. The breadth of science conducted on this mission will have...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, What -- Earth, Where -- Kennedy...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2580
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Filled with anticipation, students from two local universities, the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), and Alabama Agricultural Mechanical University (AM), counted down to launch the rockets they designed and built at the Army test site on Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. The projected two-mile high launch culminated more than a year's work and demonstrated the student team's ability to meet the challenge set by the Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) Student Launch Initiative...
Topics: Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2323
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Carrying a crew of seven, the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia soared through some pre-dawn clouds into the sky as it began its 27th flight, STS-109. Launched March 1, 2002, the goal of the mission was the maintenance and upgrade of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The Marshall Space Flight Center had the responsibility for the design, development, and construction of the HST, which is the most complex and sensitive optical telescope ever made, to study the cosmos from a low-Earth orbit. The HST...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Dawn, What -- STS-109, What -- Hubble...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2372
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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At its founding, the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) inherited the Army?s Jupiter and Redstone test stands, but much larger facilities were needed for the giant stages of the Saturn V. From 1960 to 1964, the existing stands were remodeled and a sizable new test area was developed. The new comprehensive test complex for propulsion and structural dynamics was unique within the nation and the free world, and they remain so today because they were constructed with foresight to meet the future...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3710
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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At its founding, the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) inherited the Army?s Jupiter and Redstone test stands, but much larger facilities were needed for the giant stages of the Saturn V. From 1960 to 1964, the existing stands were remodeled and a sizable new test area was developed. The new comprehensive test complex for propulsion and structural dynamics was unique within the nation and the free world, and they remain so today because they were constructed with foresight to meet the future...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3709
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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At its founding, the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) inherited the Army?s Jupiter and Redstone test stands, but much larger facilities were needed for the giant stages of the Saturn V. From 1960 to 1964, the existing stands were remodeled and a sizable new test area was developed. The new comprehensive test complex for propulsion and structural dynamics was unique within the nation and the free world, and they remain so today because they were constructed with foresight to meet the future...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3702
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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At its founding, the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) inherited the Army?s Jupiter and Redstone test stands, but much larger facilities were needed for the giant stages of the Saturn V. From 1960 to 1964, the existing stands were remodeled and a sizable new test area was developed. The new comprehensive test complex for propulsion and structural dynamics was unique within the nation and the free world, and they remain so today because they were constructed with foresight to meet the future...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3715
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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At its founding, the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) inherited the Army?s Jupiter and Redstone test stands, but much larger facilities were needed for the giant stages of the Saturn V. From 1960 to 1964, the existing stands were remodeled and a sizable new test area was developed. The new comprehensive test complex for propulsion and structural dynamics was unique within the nation and the free world, and they remain so today because they were constructed with foresight to meet the future...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3761
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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At its founding, the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) inherited the Army?s Jupiter and Redstone test stands, but much larger facilities were needed for the giant stages of the Saturn V. From 1960 to 1964, the existing stands were remodeled and a sizable new test area was developed. The new comprehensive test complex for propulsion and structural dynamics was unique within the nation and the free world, and they remain so today because they were constructed with foresight to meet the future...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3733
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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At its founding, the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) inherited the Army?s Jupiter and Redstone test stands, but much larger facilities were needed for the giant stages of the Saturn V. From 1960 to 1964, the existing stands were remodeled and a sizable new test area was developed. The new comprehensive test complex for propulsion and structural dynamics was unique within the nation and the free world, and they remain so today because they were constructed with foresight to meet the future...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3741
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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At its founding, the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) inherited the Army?s Jupiter and Redstone test stands, but much larger facilities were needed for the giant stages of the Saturn V. From 1960 to 1964, the existing stands were remodeled and a sizable new test area was developed. The new comprehensive test complex for propulsion and structural dynamics was unique within the nation and the free world, and they remain so today because they were constructed with foresight to meet the future...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3735
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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At its founding, the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) inherited the Army?s Jupiter and Redstone test stands, but much larger facilities were needed for the giant stages of the Saturn V. From 1960 to 1964, the existing stands were remodeled and a sizable new test area was developed. The new comprehensive test complex for propulsion and structural dynamics was unique within the nation and the free world, and they remain so today because they were constructed with foresight to meet the future...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3775
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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At its founding, the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) inherited the Army?s Jupiter and Redstone test stands, but much larger facilities were needed for the giant stages of the Saturn V. From 1960 to 1964, the existing stands were remodeled and a sizable new test area was developed. The new comprehensive test complex for propulsion and structural dynamics was unique within the nation and the free world, and they remain so today because they were constructed with foresight to meet the future...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3777
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The predominant themes are: a new beginning (sunrise), a safe mission (stylized launch and plume), the building upon the traditional strengths of NASA (the red vector which symbolizes aeronautics on the original NASA insignia), and a remembrance of their seven colleagues who died aboard Challenger (the seven-starred Big Dipper). The patch was designed by artist Stephen R. Hustvedt of Annapolis, MD.
Topics: What -- Challenger, What -- STS-26, Where -- Annapolis
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3412
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Vice-president Dan Quayle and Alabama Governor Guy Hunt are greeted by Marshall Center Director Thomas J. Lee (1989-1994) (center) and NASA Administrator Dan Goldin (shaking hands with Vice-president Quayle) at the space station engineering mock-up.
Topics: Who -- Dan Quayle, Who -- Thomas J. Lee, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=466
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Japanese Experimental Module testing in Marshall's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=376
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA scientist, in the Space Sciences lab at Marshall, works with capillary optics that generate more intense X-rays than conventional sources. This capability is useful in studying the structure of important proteins.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=446
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Prior to MSFC (Marshall Space Flight Center) Director, Dr. von Braun's transfer to NASA Headquarters where he had been appointed Deputy Associate Administrator for Plarning, he was honored during a series of events recognizing his contribution to the space effort during his career in Huntsville, Alabama. In this photo at the Madison County Courthouse, Dr. von Braun is shown seated next to his wife, Maria, as U.S. Senator John Sparkman comments on his career in Huntsville, Alabama, where he...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- NASA Headquarters, Where -- Alabama, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=961
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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During World War II, Arsenal workers from Huntsville, Alabama. and surrounding areas responded to the call for civilian defense workers. This February 20, 1945 photo shows workers filling colored smoke grenades that were used for signaling. (Courtesy of Huntsville/Madison County Public Library)
Topic: Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=841
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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University of Alabama engineer Stacey Giles briefs NASA astronaut Dr. Bornie Dunbar about the design and capabilities of the X-ray Crystallography Facility under development at the Center for Macromolecular Crystallography of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL, April 21, 1999. The X-ray Crystallography Facility is designed to speed the collection of protein structure information from crystals grown aboard the International Space Station. By measuring and mapping the protein crystal...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=245
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The third marned lunar landing mission, Apollo 13 (SA-508), with three astronauts: Mission commander James A. Lovell Jr., Lunar Module pilot Fred W. Haise Jr., and Command Module pilot John L. Swigert Jr., lifted off from the Kennedy Space Center launch complex 39A on April 11, 1970. The mission was aborted after 56 hours of flight, 205,000 miles from Earth, when an oxygen tank in the service module exploded. The Command Module, Odyssey, carrying the three astronauts, safely splashed down in...
Topics: What -- Apollo 13, What -- Earth, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Where -- Pacific Ocean
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1174
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 manned lunar mission launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida on July 16, 1969 via a Saturn V launch vehicle, and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. The 3-man crew aboard the flight consisted of Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module pilot. Carrying astronauts Neil A. Armstrong...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3026
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a cooperative program of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) to operate a long-lived space-based observatory. It was the first and flagship mission of NASA's Great Observatories program. The HST program began as an astronomical dream in the 1940s. During the 1970s and 1980s, the HST was finally designed and built becoming operational in the 1990s. The HST was deployed into a low-Earth orbit on April...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1748
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Five astronauts launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on March 13, 1989 at 9:57 am (EST) for the STS-29 mission. Included were James P. Bagian, mission specialist 1; Robert C. Springer, mission specialist 3; James F. (Jim) Buchli, mission specialist 2; John E. Blaha, pilot; and Michael L. Coats, commander. The mission?s primary payload was the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-4 (TDRS-4).
Topics: Who -- Michael L. Coats, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- STS-29
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3424
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The roman candle effect as seen in this picture represents the testing of a solid rocket booster (SRB) for unexplained corrosion conditions (EUCC) which have occurred on the nozzles of redesigned solid rocket motors (RSRM). The motor being tested in this photo is a 48 M-NASA motor.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=509
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1940s photo of the South side of Square in downtown Huntsville, Alabama, looking west, shows a historical bank in the background with cars parked just South of the Courthouse (not shown in photo). (Courtesy of Huntsville/Madison County Public Library)
Topic: Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2728
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows the intense smoke and fire created by the five F-1 engines from a test firing of the Saturn V first stage (S-1C) in the S-1C test stand at the Marshall Space Flight Center. The towering 363-foot Saturn V was a multi-stage, multi-engine launch vehicle standing taller than the Statue of Liberty. Altogether, the Saturn V engines produced as much power as 85 Hoover Dams.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=305
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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These are images of CGEL-2 samples taken during STS-95. They show binary colloidal suspensions that have formed ordered crystalline structures in microgravity. In sample 5, there are more particles therefore, many, many crystallites (small crystals) form. In sample 6, there are less particles therefore, the particles are far apart and few, much larger crystallites form. The white object in the right corner of sample 5 is the stir bar used to mix the sample at the begirning of the mission.
Topic: What -- STS-95
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=632
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Laurel Karr of NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center uses a stereo microscope to analyz protein crystals as a part of NASA's structural biology program.
Topics: What -- STEREO, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=826
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engineers from NASA's Glenn Research Center demonstrate the access to one of the experiment racks planned for the U.S. Destiny laboratory module on the International Space Station (ISS). This mockup has the full diameter, full corridor width, and half the length of the module. The mockup includes engineering mockups of the Fluids and Combustion Facility being developed by NASA's Glenn Research Center. (The full module will be six racks long; the mockup is three racks long). Listening at left...
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC),...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3138
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Lisa Freed and Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic, both of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), have taken the first steps toward engineering heart muscle tissue that could one day be used to patch damaged human hearts. Cells isolated from very young animals are attached to a three-dimensional polymer scaffold, then placed in a NASA bioreactor. The cells do not divide, but after about a week start to cornect to form a functional piece of tissue. Functionally connected heart cells that are...
Topics: Where -- Massachusetts, Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2054
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In response to President Reagan's directive to NASA to develop a permanent marned Space Station within a decade, part of the State of the Union message to Congress on January 25, 1984, NASA and the Administration adopted a phased approach to Station development. This approach provided an initial capability at reduced costs, to be followed by an enhanced Space Station capability in the future. This illustration depicts the baseline configuration, which features a 110-meter-long horizontal boom...
Topics: Where -- United States of America, Where -- Japan, Where -- Canada
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1652
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This chart describes the Skylab student experiment Motor Sensory Performance, proposed by Kathy L. Jackson of Houston, Texas. Her proposal was a very simple but effective test to measure the potential degradation of man's motor-sensory skills while weightless. Without knowing whether or not man can retain a high level of competency in the performance of various tasks after long exposure to weightlessness, this capability could not be fully known. Skylab, with its long-duration missions,...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Jackson, Where -- Texas, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1417
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1973 chart details Skylab's Ultraviolet (UV) Spectrograph, an Apollo Telescope Mount instrument. Its telescope, with camera and TV capability, photographed the Sun in selected ultraviolet wavelengths. The spectrograph was used to record the spectrum of UV emissions, such as flares or filaments, from a small individual feature on the solar disc. Real-time TV was used by the crew to monitor performance of the telescope, transmit to the ground and record. The exposed films were retrieved by...
Topics: What -- Sun, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1332
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This chart describes the Skylab student experiment (ED-63), Cytoplasmic Streaming, proposed by Cheryl A. Peitz of Arapahoe High School, Littleton, Colorado. Experiment ED-63 was to observe the effect of zero-gravity on cytoplasmic streaming in the aquatic plant named Elodea, commonly called water weed or water thyme. The phenomenon of cytoplasmic streaming is not well understood, but it is recognized as the circulation mechanism of the internal materials or cytoplasm of a cell. Cytoplasm is a...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Colorado, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1420
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Biotechnology Specimen Temperature Controller (BSTC) will cultivate cells until their turn in the bioreactor; it can also be used in culturing experiments that do not require the bioreactor. The BSTC comprises four incubation/refrigeration chambers individually set at 4 to 50 deg. C (near-freezing to above body temperature). Each chamber holds three rugged tissue chamber modules (12 total), clear Teflon bags holding 30 ml of growth media, all positioned by a metal frame. Every 7 to 21 days...
Topic: Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2121
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Richard Grugel, a materials scientist at NASA's Marshall Space Flight in Huntsville, Ala., examines the furnace used to conduct his Pore Formation and Mobility Investigation -- one of the first two materials science experiments to be conducted on the International Space Station. This experiment studies materials processes similar to those used to make components used in jet engines. Grugel's furnace was installed in the Microgravity Science Glovebox through the circular port on the side. In...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2676
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photograph, Astronaut James Voss, flight engineer of Expedition Two, performs a task at a work station in the International Space Station (ISS) Destiny Laboratory, or U.S. Laboratory, as Astronaut Scott Horowitz, STS-105 mission commander, floats through the hatchway leading to the Unity node. After spending five months aboard the orbital outpost, the ISS Expedition Two crew was replaced by Expedition Three and returned to Earth aboard the STS-105 Space Shuttle Discovery on August 22,...
Topics: Who -- James Voss, Who -- Scott Horowitz, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2346
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Space Shuttle Orbiter Discovery lifted off for the STS-105 mission on August 10, 2001. The main purpose of the mission was the rotation of the International Space Station (ISS) Expedition Two crew with the Expedition Three crew and the delivery of supplies utilizing the Italian-built Multipurpose Logistics Module (MPLM) Leonardo. Another payload was the Materials International Space Station Experiment (MISSE). The MISSE experiment was to fly materials and other types of space exposure...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- STS-105, What -- International Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2340
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a view of the Space Shuttle Discovery as it approaches the International Space Station (ISS) during the STS-105 mission. Visible in the payload bay of Discovery are the Multipurpose Logistics Module (MPLM) Leonardo at right, which stores various supplies and experiments to be transferred into the ISS; at center, the Integrated Cargo Carrier (ICC) which carries the Early Ammonia Servicer (EAS); and two Materials International Space Station Experiment (MISSE) containers at left. Aboard...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2338
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Cosmonaut Yury I. Onufrienko, Expedition Four mission commander, uses a communication system in the Russian Zvezda Service Module on the International Space Station (ISS). The Zvezda is linked to the Russian-built Functional Cargo Block (FGB) or Zarya, the first component of the ISS. Zarya was launched on a Russian Proton rocket prior to the launch of Unity. The third component of the ISS, Zvezda (Russian word for star), the primary Russian contribution to the ISS, was launched by a three-stage...
Topics: What -- Zvezda, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Unity, What -- Russian Mir Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2418
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut James S. Voss, Expedition Two flight engineer, works with a series of cables on the EXPRESS Rack in the United State's Destiny laboratory on the International Space Station (ISS). The EXPRESS Rack is a standardized payload rack system that transports, stores, and supports experiments aboard the ISS. EXPRESS stands for EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to the Space Station, reflecting the fact that this system was developed specifically to maximize the Station's research...
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2419
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Students prepare to load fluids in their experiment apparatus during the Dropping In a Microgravity Environment (DIME) competition held April 23-25, 2002, at NASA's Glenn Research Center. Competitors included two teams from Sycamore High School, Cincinnati, OH, and one each from Bay High School, Bay Village, OH, and COSI Academy, Columbus, OH. DIME is part of NASA's education and outreach activities. Details are on line at http://microgravity.grc.nasa.gov/DIME_2002.html.
Topics: Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC), Where -- Columbus
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3091
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This close-up of astronaut and mission specialist Kathryn Thornton readies herself for submersion into the water in the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS) where she is participating in a training session for the STS-61 mission. The NBS provided the weightless environment encountered in space needed for testing and the practices of Extravehicular Activities (EVA). Launched on December 2, 1993 aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavor, STS-61 was the first Hubble...
Topics: Who -- Kathryn Thornton, Who -- Thomas Akers, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-61, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3863
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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(PCG) Protein Crystal Growth Isocitrate Lyase. Target enzyme for fungicides. A better understanding of this enzyme should lead to the discovery of more potent fungicides to treat serious crop diseases such as rice blast. It regulates the flow of metabolic intermediates required for cell growth. Principal Investigator for STS-26 was Charles Bugg.
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- STS-26
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=20
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Space Shuttle orbiter Atlantis takes flight on its STS-27 mission, December 2, 1988, utilizing 375,000 pounds of thrust produced by its three main engines. The engines start in 3.9 seconds of ignition and go to static pump speeds of approximately 35,000 revolutions per minute during that time. The Marshall Space Flight Center had management responsibility of Space Shuttle propulsion elements, including the Main Engines. The STS-27 mission, the third mission dedicated to the Department of...
Topics: Who -- Robert L. Gibson, Who -- Jerry L. Ross, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3415
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-34 crew of five launched aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis on October 18, 1989 at 12:53:40pm (EDT). Crew members included commander Donald E. Williams, pilot Michael J. McCulley; and mission Specialists Shannon W. Lucid, Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, and Ellen S. Baker. The primary payload was the Galileo Jupiter Spacecraft and attached Inertial Upper Stage (IUS). Deployed 6 hours and 30 minutes into the flight, the IUS stages fired boosting Galileo on trajectory for a 6 year trip to...
Topics: What -- STS-34, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- Galileo, What -- Jupiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3452
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-30 mission launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis on May 4, 1989 at 2:46:59pm (EDT) carrying a crew of five. Aboard were Ronald J. Grabe, pilot; David M. Walker, commander; and mission specialists Norman E. Thagard, Mary L. Cleave, and Mark C. Lee. The primary payload for the mission was the Magellan/Venus Radar mapper spacecraft and attached Inertial Upper Stage (IUS).
Topics: Who -- David M. Walker, Who -- Mark C. Lee, What -- STS-30, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3428
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photograph, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) was being deployed on April 25, 1990. The photograph was taken by the IMAX Cargo Bay Camera (ICBC) mounted in a container on the port side of the Space Shuttle orbiter Discovery (STS-31 mission). The purpose of the HST, the most complex and sensitive optical telescope ever made, is to study the cosmos from a low-Earth orbit for 15 years or more. The HST provides fine detail imaging, produces ultraviolet images and spectra, and detects very...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1711
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A 40K Pratt Whitney engine for the National Launch System is test fired at Marshall's Test Stand 116.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=485
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-49, the first flight of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour, lifted off from launch pad 39B on May 7, 1992 at 6:40 pm CDT. The STS-49 mission was the first U.S. orbital flight to feature 4 extravehicular activities (EVAs), and the first flight to involve 3 crew members working simultaneously outside of the spacecraft. The primary objective was the capture and redeployment of the INTELSAT VI (F-3), a communication satellite for the International Telecommunication Satellite organization,...
Topics: Who -- Thomas Akers, What -- STS-49, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3663
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis (STS-46) onboard photo shows Swiss scientist Claude Nicollier of the European Space Agency (ESA) supporting the Tether Opitical Phenomena (TOP) activities on the flight deck. The Tethered Satellite System (TSS) was a cooperative development effort by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) and NASA made capable of deploying and retrieving a satellite which is attached by a wire tether from distances up to 100 km from the Orbiter. These free-flying satellites are used...
Topics: Who -- Claude Nicollier, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-46, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2562
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Digital data matrix, used to identify the millions of Space Shuttle parts, is being commercialized to make barcoding tamper resistant and invisible to the naked eye. These codes are applied directly to the product regardless of shape, size or color. The markings can range from as small as four microns to as large as two square feet. Using the Vericode Symbol which include such details as the manufacturer, serial numbers, the lot number of the parent material, design changes, special processing...
Topic: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=605
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-50, USML-1, Spacelab module in cargo bay with earth in background
Topics: What -- STS-5, What -- USML 1, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=61
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This STS-68 patch was designed by artist Sean Collins. Exploration of Earth from space is the focus of the design of the insignia, the second flight of the Space Radar Laboratory (SRL-2). SRL-2 was part of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth (MTPE) project. The world's land masses and oceans dominate the center field, with the Space Shuttle Endeavour circling the globe. The SRL-2 letters span the width and breadth of planet Earth, symbolizing worldwide coverage of the two prime experiments of...
Topics: What -- STS-6, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, Where -- Germany,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3567
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Space Shuttle mission STS-61 onboard view taken by a fish-eyed camera lens showing astronauts Story Musgrave and Jeffrey Hoffman's Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA) to repair the Hubble Space Telescope (HST).
Topics: Who -- Story Musgrave, Who -- Jeffrey Hoffman, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-61, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2547
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Pierre J. Thuot, mission specialist, works with the Mid-deck 0-gravity Dynamics Experiment (MODE) aboard the Earth-orbiting Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-62). MODE studies the dynamics of liquids and skewed space structures in the microgravity environment.
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-62, Where -- Pierre
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=540
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photograph, astronaut Carl Walz performs the Performance Assessment Workstation (PAWS) experiment at the flight deck of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia during the STS-65 mission. Present day astronauts are subject to a variety of stresses during spaceflight. These include microgravity, physical isolation, confinement, lack of privacy, fatigue, and changing work/rest cycles. The purpose of this experiment is to determine the effects of microgravity upon thinking skills critical to the...
Topics: Who -- Carl Walz, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-65
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2382
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 66th Space Shuttle flight began with a nearly on-time liftoff of the Orbiter Atlantis (STS-66) into the clear Florida skies. Atlantis returned to space after a nearly two year absence. The plarned 11-day flight will continue NASA's Mission to Planet Earth, a comprehensive international collaboration to study how Earth's environment is changing and how human beings affect that change. Primary payloads on this flight included the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS-3),...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-66, What -- Earth, What -- Atlas 3,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=568
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Dr. Dernis Tucker of NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center examines a miniature furnace to be used in studying the crystallization of ZBLAN optical fibers under low-gravity conditions aboard the NASA KC-135 low-g aircraft. NASA is conducting research on pulling ZBLAN fibers in the low-g environment of space to prevent crystallization that limits ZBLAN's usefulness in optical fiber-based communications. ZBLAN is a heavy-metal fluoride glass that shows exceptional promise for high-throughput...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=698
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) spacecraft undergoing preflight preparation in the Spacecraft Assembly Encapsulation Facility-2 (SAEF-2) at Kennedy Space Center (KSC). NEAR will perform two critical mission events - Mathilde flyby and the Deep-Space maneuver. NEAR will fly-by Mathilde, a 38-mile (61-km) diameter C-type asteroid, making use of its imaging system to obtain useful optical navigation images. The primary science instrument will be the camera, but measurements of magnetic...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1946
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This Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-94) onboard photo is of astronauts Susan Still and Janice Voss reviewing an Inflight Maintenance (IFM) procedure in the Microgravity Science Lab (MSL-1) science module. Astronaut Gregory Linteris works at a lap top computer in the background.
Topics: Who -- Susan Still, Who -- Janice Voss, Who -- Gregory Linteris, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2506
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Radiation insulation technology from Apollo and subsequent spacecraft was used to develop superinsulators, used by makers of cold weather apparel, to make parkas, jackets, boots and outdoor gear such as sleeping bags. The radiant barrier technology offers warmth retention at minimal weight and bulk.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=626
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Front view of Observable Protein Crystal Growth Apparatus (OPCGA) experiment residing in a Thermal Enclosure System (TES). Principal Investigator is Alexander McPherson. First flight plarned for ISS.
Topic: What -- TES
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=106
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The Advanced Gradient Heating Facility (AGHF) is a European Space Agency (ESA) developed hardware. The AGHF was flown on STS-78, which featured four European PI's and two NASA PI's. The AGHFsupports the production of advanced semiconductor materials and alloys using the directional process, which depends on establishing a hot side and a cold side in the sample.
Topic: What -- STS-78
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=108
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Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-62) comes to a graceful halt with the help of a parachute after a 14-day mission. The five member crew performed materials processing experiments on the United States Microgravity Payload 2 (USMP-2), and also conducted experiments designed to enable or extend space flight technology aboard the Office of Aeornautics and Space Technology 2 payload (OAST-2).
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-62, What -- STS-65, Where -- United...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=566
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An etched sample of the aluminum indium alloy (magnified). When the hypermonotectic mixture is cooled in the Advanced Gradient Hearing Facility (AGHF), aluminum transitions to a solid first, trapping the indium in cylindrical fibers within the solid. Principal Investigator: Dr. Barry Andrews
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=199
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As the most abundant protein in the circulatory system albumin contributes 80% to colloid osmotic blood pressure. Albumin is also chiefly responsible for the maintenance of blood pH. It is located in every tissue and bodily secretion, with extracellular protein comprising 60% of total albumin. Perhaps the most outstanding property of albumin is its ability to bind reversibly to an incredible variety of ligands. It is widely accepted in the pharmaceutical industry that the overall distribution,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=165
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The ADvanced SEParation (ADSEP) commercial payload is making use of major advances in separation technology: The Phase Partitioning Experiment (PPE); the Micorencapsulation experiment; and the Hemoglobin Separation Experiment (HSE). Using ADSEP, commercial researchers will attempt to determine the partition coefficients for model particles in a two-phase system. With this information, researchers can develop a higher resolution, more effective cell isolation procedure that can be used for many...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=162
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NASA's Space Optics Manufacturing Center has been working to expand our view of the universe via sophisticated new telescopes. The Optics Center's goal is to develop low-cost, advanced space optics technologies for the NASA program in the 21st century - including the long-term goal of imaging Earth-like planets in distant solar systems. To reduce the cost of mirror fabrication, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has developed replication techniques, the machinery and materials to replicate...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Electro, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2452
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Outside of Building 4200 at Marshall Space Flight Center, a courtyard was constructed in memory of Dr. Wernher von Braun and his contributions to the U. S. Space program. In the middle of the courtyard a fountain was built. The fountain was made operational prior to the 30th arniversary celebration of the Apollo 11 lunar landing. Attending the dedication ceremony were visiting Apollo astronauts and NASA's Safety and Assurance Director Rothenberg.
Topics: What -- Apollo 11, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=593
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Astronaut Kathryn C. Thornton, payload commander, works in the glovebox of the science module supporting the U.S. Microgravity Laboratory (USML-2) mission. Five NASA astronauts and two payload specialists are in the last few days of a scheduled 16 day mission.
Topic: What -- STS-73
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=239
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Pictured is an artist's collage of every phase of an X-34 Demonstrator's flight, from launch to landing. An X-34 was launched from an airplane, then proceeded to obtain an on-orbit altitude where it could remain for up to 21 days performing various experiments. At the conclusion of its mission, the X-34 returned to the Earth's atmosphere for a runway landing. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2262