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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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As the construction continued on the International Space Station (ISS), STS-118 astronaut and mission specialist Rick Mastracchio participated in the second session of Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA) for the mission. Assisting Mastracchio was Canadian Space Agency representative Dave Williams (out of frame). During the 6 hour, 28 minute space walk, the two removed a faulty control moment gyroscope (CMG-3) and installed a new CMG into the Z1 truss. The failed CMG will remain in its temporary...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-118, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4165
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On STS-89, three Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) test cells were subjected to five cycles of compression and relief (left) and three were subjected to shorter displacement cycles that simulate motion during an earthquake (right). In the compression/relief tests, the sand particles rearranged themselves and slightly re-expanded the column during relief. In the short displacement tests, the specimen's resistance to compression decreases, even though the displacement remains the same. The...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Colorado, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=758
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Catherine G. Coleman, mission specialist for STS-73, works in the glovebox on the portside of the science module aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia in earth-orbit.
Topics: What -- STS-73, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=208
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows TRW technicians preparing the assembled Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO) for an official unveiling at TRW Space and Electronics Group of Redondo Beach, California. The CXO is formerly known as the Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), which was renamed in honor of the late Indian-American Astronomer, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar in 1999. The CXO will help astronomers world-wide better understand the structure and evolution of the universe by studying powerful sources...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-93, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1986
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The potential for investigating combustion at the limits of flammability, and the implications for spacecraft fire safety, led to the Structures Of Flame Balls At Low Lewis-number (SOFBALL) experiment flown twice aboard the Space Shuttle in 1997. The success there led to reflight on STS-107 Research 1 mission plarned for 2002. All the combustion in a flame ball takes place in a razor-thin reaction zone that depends on diffusion to keep the ball alive. Such a fragile balance is impossible on...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-107, What -- Earth, Where -- California, Where -- Los...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2034
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The unpiloted Russian Progress 7 supply ship departs from the Zvezda Service Module's docking port on the International Space Station. Carrying its load of trash and urneeded equipment, it will be deorbited and burned up in the atmosphere. The undocking paves the way for the arrival of the new Progress 8, filled with fresh supplies. Soviet designers realized that long-duration missions in space would demand a constant supply of consumable materials from Earth. The cost-effective Progress...
Topics: What -- Progress 7, What -- Zvezda, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Progress 8,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2417
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Destined for the International Space Station (ISS), a Soyez TMA-1 spacecraft launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan on April 26, 2003. Aboard are Expedition Seven crew members, cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Expedition Seven mission commander, and Astronaut Edward T. Lu, Expedition Seven NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer. Expedition Six crew members returned to Earth aboard the Russian spacecraft after a 5 and 1/2 month stay aboard the ISS. Photo credit: NASA/Scott Andrews
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Kazakhstan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2723
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the STS-102 mission crew insignia. The central image on the crew patch depicts the International Space Station (ISS) in the build configuration that it had at the time of the arrival and docking of Discovery during the STS-102 mission, the first crew exchange flight to the Space Station. The station is shown along the direction of the flight as was seen by the shuttle crew during their final approach and docking, the so-called V-bar approach. The names of the shuttle crew members are...
Topics: What -- STS-102, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Discovery, What -- Earth, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2847
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the crew insignia for STS-97 which delivered, assembled, and activated the U.S. electrical power system onboard the International Space Station (ISS). The electrical power system, which is built into a 47-foot integrated truss structure known as P6, consists of solar arrays, radiators, batteries, and electronics. P6 was prepared for subsequent deployments of larger solar arrays and radiator, a critical step in the activation of the electrical power system that will eventually provide...
Topics: What -- STS-97, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2918
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image hosts a look into the eye of Hurricane Ivan, one of the strongest hurricanes on record, as the storm approached landfall on the central Gulf coast Wednesday afternoon on September 15, 2004. The hurricane was photographed by astronaut Edward M. (Mike) Fincke from aboard the International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude of approximately 230 miles. At the time, sustained winds in the eye of the wall were reported at about 135 mph as the downgraded category 4 storm approached the...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3058
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image hosts a look at the eye of Hurricane Ivan, one of the strongest hurricanes on record, as the storm topped the western Caribbean Sea on Saturday, September 11, 2004. The hurricane was photographed by astronaut Edward M. (Mike) Fincke from aboard the International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude of approximately 230 miles. At the time, the category 5 storm sustained winds in the eye of the wall that were reported at about 160 mph. Crew Earth Observations record Earth surface changes...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Caribbean Sea
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3057
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Signifying the continuing assembly of the International Space Station (ISS), the STS-116 crew patch depicts the space shuttle rising above the Earth and the ISS. The United States and Swedish flags trail the orbiter, depicting the international composition of the STS-116 crew. The seven stars of the constellation Ursa Major are used to provide direction to the North Star, which is superimposed over the installation location of the P5 truss on ISS.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-116, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3918
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Apollo 8 astronauts and commanding officer of the recovery ship U.S.S. Yorktown walk the red carpet of the flight deck after splashdown recovery in the Pacific Ocean. Apollo 8 served as the first manned lunar orbit mission and the first manned flight of the Saturn V space vehicle, developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Liftoff occurred on December 21, 1968, carrying astronauts Frank Borman, commander; William Anders, Lunar Module (LM) Pilot; and James Lovell, Command Module (CM)...
Topics: Who -- Frank Borman, Who -- William Anders, What -- Apollo 8, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4134
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A Titan booster launched the Gemini 8 spacecraft on March 16, 1966 from launch complex 19 Cape Kennedy, Florida. The flight crew for the 3 day mission, astronauts Neil A. Armstrong and David R. Scott, achieved the first rendezvous and docking to Atlas/Agena in Earth orbit.
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- David R. Scott, What -- Titan, What -- Gemini 8, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3373
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-42, Viewing earth with lots of snow, partial view of IML-1 (International Microgravity Laboratory) in cargo bay.
Topics: What -- STS-4, What -- Earth, What -- IML 1
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=44
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Backdropped against the Earth, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST)is shown sporting new and modified solar arrays stowed against its barrel. Orbiting Earth at an altitude of 325 nautical miles, an astronaut begins other repairs of the HST while perched atop a foot restraint on shuttle Endeavour's remote manipulator system arm. The 59th and final Shuttle flight of 1993 was one of most challenging and complex marned missions ever attempted. During record five back-to-back space walks totaling 35...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-61
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2549
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), formerly Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), fully developed in orbit in a star field with Earth. In 1999, the AXAF was renamed the CXO in honor of the late Indian-American Novel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The CXO is the most sophisticated and the world's most powerful x-ray telescope ever built. It is designed to observe x-rays from high energy regions of the Universe, such as hot gas in the renmants of...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Visible Light, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1979
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the experimental Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV), the X-37 located in the cargo bay of a space shuttle with Earth in the background. The X-37 was designed to launch from the space shuttle's cargo bay as a secondary payload. Once deployed, the X-37 would remain on-orbit up to 21 days performing a variety of experiments before re-entering the Earth's atmosphere and landing. The X-37 program was discontinued in 2003.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2957
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Richard Milhous Nixon, What -- Apollo 11,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4023
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1970 photograph shows Skylab's Microwave Radiometer/Scatterometer and Altimeter, one of the major components for an Earth Resources Experiment Package (EREP). It was designed to study varying ocean surface, soil erosion, sea and lake ice, snow cover, seasonal vegetational changes, flooding, rainfall and soil types. The overall purpose of the EREP was to test the use of sensors that operated in the visible, infrared, and microwave portions of the electromagnetic spectrum to monitor and...
Topics: What -- Altimeter, What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1358
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This chart describes the Skylab student experiment Web Formation. Judith S. Miles of Lexington High School, Lexington, Massachusetts, proposed a study of the spider's behavior in a weightless environment. The geometrical structure of the web of the orb-weaving spider provides a good measure of the condition of its central nervous system. Since the spider senses its own weight to determine the required thickness of web material and uses both the wind and gravity to initiate construction of its...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Earth, Where -- Massachusetts, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1418
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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One of the final runs of the TEMPUS experiment shows heating of a sample on STS-94, July 15, 1997, MET:14/11:01 (approximate) and the flows on the surface. At the point this image was taken, the sample was in the process of melting. The surface of the sample is begirning to flow, looking like the motion of plate tectonics on the surface of a planet. During this mission, TEMPUS was able to run than 120 melting cycles with zirconium, with a maximum temperature of 2,000 degrees C, and was able to...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- Earth, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2671
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Research at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center has resulted in a system for reading hidden identification codes using a hand-held magnetic scanner. It's an invention that could help businesses improve inventory management, enhance safety, improve security, and aid in recall efforts if defects are discovered. Two-dimensional Data Matrix symbols consisting of letters and numbers permanently etched on items for identification and resembling a small checkerboard pattern are more efficient and...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- California, Where -- New...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2940
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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After five days of service and upgrade work on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), the STS-109 crew photographed the giant telescope returning to its normal routine. The telescope was captured and secured on a work stand in Columbia's payload bay using Columbia's robotic arm, where 4 of the 7-member crew performed 5 space walks completing system upgrades to the HST. Included in those upgrades were: The replacement of the solar array panels; replacement of the power control unit (PCU); replacement...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-109, What -- Faint...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2823
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-90 crew patch reflects the dedication of the mission to neuroscience in celebration of the decade of the brain. Earth is revealed through a neuron-shaped window, which symbolizes new perspectives in the understanding of nervous system development, structure and function, both here on Earth and in the microgravity environment of space. The Space Shuttle Columbia is depicted with its open payload bay doors revealing the Spacelab within. An integral component of the mission, the...
Topics: What -- STS-90, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- INTEGRAL,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3611
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Shannon Lucid is seen egressing from a training version of a soyez spacecraft, during a water survival training session in Russia. In March of 1996, Lucid accompanied the STS-76 crew to the Russian space station, Mir, where she stayed for a little over four months before returning to Earth with the STS-79 crew.
Topics: Who -- Shannon Lucid, What -- STS-76, What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What -- Earth, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3858
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Researchers have found that as melted metals and alloys (combinations of metals) solidify, they can form with different arrangements of atoms, called microstructures. These microstructures depend on the shape of the interface (boundary) between the melted metal and the solid crystal it is forming. There are generally three shapes that the interface can take: planar, or flat; cellular, which looks like the cells of a beehive; and dendritic, which resembles tiny fir trees. Convection at this...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=194
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4042
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In the launch control center at Kennedy Space Flight Center (KSC), Walter J. Kapryan, Director of Launch Operations (center), discusses an aspect of the Apollo 14 flight with Marshall Space Flight Center?s (MSFC) Dr. Rocco A. Petrone, Apollo Program Director (right). The Apollo 14, carrying a crew of three astronauts: Mission commander Alan B. Shepard Jr., Command Module pilot Stuart A. Roosa, and Lunar Module pilot Edgar D. Mitchell, lifted off from launch complex 39A at KSC on January 31,...
Topics: What -- Apollo 14, What -- Moon, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2964
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 16th American assembly flight and 112th overall American flight to the International Space Station (ISS) launched on November 23, 2002 from Kennedy's launch pad 39A aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour STS-113. Mission objectives included the delivery of the Expedition Six Crew to the ISS, the return of Expedition Five crew back to Earth, the delivery of the Crew Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) cart to the ISS, and the installation and activation of the Port 1 Integrated Truss...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2797
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Kathryn C. Thornton, payload commander for STS-73, works at the drop physics module (DPM) on the portside of the science module aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia in Earth orbit.
Topics: What -- STS-73, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=210
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-30 patch depicts the joining of NASA's manned and unmanned space programs. The sun and inner planets of our solar system are shown with the curve connecting Earth and Venus symbolizing the shuttle orbit, the spacecraft trajectory toward Venus, and its subsequent orbit around our sister planet. A Spanish caravel similar to the ship on the official Magellan program logo commemorates the 16th century explorer's journey and his legacy of adventure and discovery. Seven stars on the patch...
Topics: Who -- Ronald Grabe, Who -- Norman Thagard, Who -- Mary Cleave, What -- STS-30, What -- Sun, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3431
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The first United States Microgravity Laboratory (USML-1) was one of NASA's science and technology programs that provided scientists an opportunity to research various scientific investigations in a weightless environment inside the Spacelab module. It also provided demonstrations of new equipment to help prepare for advanced microgravity research and processing aboard the Space Station. The USML-1 flew in orbit for extended periods, providing greater opportunities for research in materials...
Topics: What -- USML 1, What -- Opportunity, What -- Columbia, What -- Earth, What -- STS-5, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2315
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The high-tech art of digital signal processing (DSP) was pioneered at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in the mid-1960s for use in the Apollo Lunar Landing Program. Designed to computer enhance pictures of the Moon, this technology became the basis for the Landsat Earth resources satellites and subsequently has been incorporated into a broad range of Earthbound medical and diagnostic tools. DSP is employed in advanced body imaging techniques including Computer-Aided Tomography, also known...
Topics: What -- Moon, What -- Landsat, What -- Earth, What -- MRI, What -- Beam, Where -- Jet Propulsion...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1833
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Zvezda Service Module, the first Russian contribution and third element to the International Space Station (ISS), is shown under construction in the Krunichev State Research and Production Facility (KhSC) in Moscow. Russian technicians work on the module shortly after it completed a pressurization test. In the foreground is the forward portion of the module, including the spherical transfer compartment and its three docking ports. The forward port docked with the cornected Functional Cargo...
Topics: What -- Zvezda, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2439
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 16th American assembly flight and 112th overall American flight to the International Space Station (ISS) launched on November 23, 2002 from Kennedy's launch pad 39A aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour STS-113. Mission objectives included the delivery of the Expedition Six Crew to the ISS, the return of Expedition Five crew back to Earth, the delivery of the Crew and Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) cart, and the installation and activation of the Port 1 Integrated Truss Assembly...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2800
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1970 photograph shows Skylab's Time and Motion experiment (M151) control unit, a medical study to measure performance differences between tasks undertaken on Earth and the same tasks performed by Skylab crew members in orbit. Data collected from this experiment evaluated crew members' zero-gravity behavior for designs and work programs for future space exploration. The Marshall Space Flight Center had program management responsibility for the development of Skylab hardware and experiments.
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1341
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut L. Gordon Cooper, Jr., one of the original seven astronauts for Mercury Project selected by NASA on April 27, 1959. The MA-9 mission, boosted by the Mercury-Atlas launch vehicle, was the last flight of the Mercury Project. The Faith 7 spacecraft orbited the Earth 22 times in 1-1/2 days.
Topics: Who -- Gordon Cooper, What -- Mercury, What -- Atlas, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1520
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Scott Carpenter, one of the original seven astronauts for Mercury Project selected by NASA on April 27, 1959. Boosted by the Mercury-Atlas vehicle, the MA-7 mission made the second marned orbital flight by the United States, and carried Astronaut Carpenter aboard Aurora 7 spacecraft to orbit the Earth three times.
Topics: Who -- Scott Carpenter, What -- Mercury, What -- Atlas, What -- Earth, Where -- United States of...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1518
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The dominant theme of the STS-36, designed by the five astronaut crewmembers, is, in their words ...the essential role that space plays in preserving the blessings of freedom and liberty for America. The crew used the eagle to symbolize our country's commitment to strength and vigilance; its domain is not bound by the limits of Earth but reaches out to the star. The Shuttle, they express majestically beginning its journey into orbit demonstrates how man and machine work together for the...
Topics: What -- STS-36, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3462
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1989 artist's rendering shows how a Shuttle-C would look during launch. As envisioned by Marshall Space Flight Center plarners, the Shuttle-C would be an unmanned heavy-lift cargo vehicle derived from Space Shuttle elements. The vehicle would utilize the basic Shuttle propulsion units (Solid Rocket Boosters, Space Shuttle Main Engine, External Tank), but would replace the Orbiter with an unmanned Shuttle-C Cargo Element (SCE). The SCE would have a payload bay lenght of eighty-two feet,...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- SCE, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=967
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Carl E. Walz, mission specialist, enters the International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-2) science module in the cargo bay via the turnel connecting it to Columbia's cabin. Walz joined five other NASA astronauts and a Japanese payload specialist for more than two weeks of experimenting in Earth orbit.
Topics: What -- IML 2, What -- Earth, What -- STS-65
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=202
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This fish-eye view of the Russian Mir Space Station was photographed by a crewmember of the STS-74 mission after the separation. The image shows the installed Docking Module at bottom. The Docking Module was delivered and installed, making it possible for the Space Shuttle to dock easily with Mir. The Orbiter Atlantis delivered water, supplies, and equipment, including two new solar arrays to upgrade the Mir; and returned to Earth with experiment samples, equipment for repair and analysis, and...
Topics: What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-74, What -- Atlantis,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2354
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall researchers conduct extensive analysis of weather patterns by using remote sensing on lightning and thunderstorms from outer space for the Mission to Planet Earth program.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=451
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Expedition Five crewmembers include (left to right) Cosmonaut Verleri Korzun, Commander; Astronaut Peggy Whitson, flight engineer; and Cosmonaut Sergei Treschev, flight engineer. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour, STS-111, in April 2002, Expedition Five replaced Expedition Four on the International Space Station (ISS) for a scheduled 4-month mission. Expedition Five carried several new experiments and science facilities to the ISS. The research compliment included 24 new and...
Topics: Who -- Peggy Whitson, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- STS-111, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2395
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The sixth manned lunar landing mission, the Apollo 16 (SA-511), carrying three astronauts: Mission Commander John W. Young, Command Module pilot Thomas K. Mattingly II, and Lunar Module pilot Charles M. Duke, lifted off on April 16, 1972. The Apollo 16 mission continued the broad-scale geological, geochemical, and geophysical mapping of the Moon?s crust, begun by the Apollo 15, from lunar orbit. This mission marked the first use of the Moon as an astronomical observatory by using the...
Topics: What -- Apollo 15, What -- Moon, What -- Earth, What -- Apollo 16, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3039
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video, Dr. Pettit demonstrates the result of inserting a soldering iron into a thin film or sheet of water in space. Dr. Pettit makes comparative comments about the differences and similarities of boiling processes in space and on Earth.
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3868
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the Apollo 14 mission insignia or logo. The Apollo 14, carrying a crew of three astronauts: Stuart A. Roosa, Command Module pilot; Alan B. Shepard, Jr., mission commander; and Edgar D. Mitchell, Lunar Module pilot, lifted off from launch complex 39A at KSC on January 31, 1971. It was the third manned lunar landing, the first manned landing in exploration of the lunar highlands, and it demonstrated pinpoint landing capability. The major goal of Apollo 14 was the scientific exploration of...
Topics: What -- Apollo 14, What -- Moon, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3817
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Principal investigator Alice Gast describes magnetorheological (MR) fluids and how they differ from other fluids, such as blood or milk. Gast is the principal investigator for Investigating the structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions (InSPACE), which was conducted by the Expedition 6 crew onboard the International Space Station (ISS). The goal of inSPACE is to determine the true three-dimensional (3-D) low energy (equilibrium) structure of the MR fluids in a periodically...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3974
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Advanced Automated Directional Solidification Furnace (AADSF) with the Experimental Apparatus Container (EAC) attached flew during the USMP-2 mission. This assembly consists of a furnace module, a muffle tube assembly and a translation mechanism which are enclosed in the EAC. During USMP-2, the AADSF was used to study the growth of mercury cadmium telluride crystals in microgravity by directional solidification, a process commonly used on earth to process metals and grow crystals. The...
Topics: What -- Mercury, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=77
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photograph, the Pegasus, meteoroid detection satellite is installed in its specially modified Apollo service module atop the S-IV stage (second stage) of a Saturn I vehicle for the SA-9 mission at Cape Kennedy. Personnel in the service structure moved the boilerplate Apollo command module into place to cap the vehicle. The command and service modules, visible here, were jettisoned into orbit to free the Pegasus for wing deployment. The satellite was used to obtain data on frequency and...
Topics: What -- Pegasus, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1510
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Leaving a wide plume of flame as it climbed into the thin atmosphere of high altitude, the 363 foot tall, 6,400,000 pound Saturn V rocket hurled the spacecraft into Earth parking orbit and then placed it on the trajectory to the moon. The Saturn V was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4001
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Saturn V launch vehicle (AS-506) carrying the Apollo 11 spacecraft, arrived at the launch pad complex 39 at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) on May 20, 1969. On July 16, 1969, the 363 foot tall, 6,400,000 pound rocket, developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Werner von Braun, hurled the spacecraft into Earth parking orbit and then placed it on the trajectory to the moon for man?s first lunar landing. Aboard the spacecraft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong,...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Saturn, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4022
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched aboard the Marshall Space light Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins, remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4024
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The first manned lunar landing mission, Apollo 11, launched from the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. (Buzz) Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins, remained in a parking orbit around the Moon,...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, What -- Apollo 11, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4113
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Apollo 8 Astronaut Frank Borman, commander of the first manned Saturn V space flight into Lunar orbit, accepted a phone call from the U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson prior to launch. Borman, along with astronauts William Anders, Lunar Module (LM) pilot, and James Lovell, Command Module (CM) pilot, launched aboard the Apollo 8 mission on December 21, 1968 and returned safely to Earth on December 27, 1968. The mission achieved operational experience and tested the Apollo command module systems,...
Topics: Who -- Frank Borman, Who -- Lyndon B. Johnson, Who -- William Anders, What -- Apollo 8, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4125
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This drawing is a schematic of the High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)-1. The first observatory, designated HEAO-1, was launched on August 12, 1977 aboard an Atlas/Centaur launch vehicle and was designed to survey the sky for additional x-ray and gamma-ray sources as well as pinpointing their positions. The HEAO-1 was originally identified as HEAO-A but the designation was changed once the spacecraft achieved orbit. The HEAO project involved the launching of three unmarned scientific...
Topics: What -- HEAO 1, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1551
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Once the United States' space program had progressed from Earth's orbit into outerspace, the prospect of building and maintaining a permanent presence in space was realized. To accomplish this feat, NASA launched a temporary workstation, Skylab, to discover the effects of low gravity and weightlessness on the human body, and also to develop tools and equipment that would be needed in the future to build and maintain a more permanent space station. The structures, techniques, and work schedules...
Topics: Who -- Paul Weitz, What -- Skylab, What -- Earth, Where -- United States of America, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1745
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a photograph of a 1/15 scale model of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The HST is the product of a partnership between NASA, European Space Agency Contractors, and the international community of astronomers. It is named after Edwin P. Hubble, an American Astronomer who discovered the expanding nature of the universe and was the first to realize the true nature of galaxies. The purpose of the HST, the most complex and sensitive optical telescope ever made, is to study the cosmos from a...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- COMETS,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1701
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On March 16, 1966, an Atlas booster launched an Agena Target Vehicle for the Gemini 8 mission. The flight crew for the 3 day mission, astronauts Neil A. Armstrong and David R. Scott, achieved the first rendezvous and docking to Atlas/Agena in Earth orbit.
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- David R. Scott, What -- Atlas, What -- Agena, What -- Gemini 8,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3352
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The bumpy exterior of the turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) protein coat, or capsid, was defined in detail by Dr. Alexander McPherson of the University of California, Irvin using proteins crystallized in space for analysis on Earth. TYMV is an icosahedral virus constructed from 180 copies of the same protein arranged into 12 clusters of five proteins (pentamers), and 20 clusters of six proteins (hexamers). The final TYMV structure led to the unexpected hypothesis that the virus releases its RNA...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=837
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image illustrates major areas of emphasis of the Skylab Program. In an early effort to extend the use of Apollo for further applications, NASA established the Apollo Applications Program (AAP) in August of 1965. The AAP was to include long duration Earth orbital missions during which astronauts would carry out scientific, technological, and engineering experiments in space by utilizing modified Saturn launch vehicles and the Apollo spacecraft. Established in 1970, the Skylab Program was...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Earth, What -- Saturn, What -- Sun, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1723
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The setting sun and the thin blue airglow line at Earth's horizon was captured by the International Space Station's (ISS) Expedition Three crewmembers with a digital camera. Some of the Station's components are silhouetted in the foreground. The crew was launched aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Discovery STS-105 mission, on August 10, 2001, replacing the Expedition Two crew. After marning the orbiting ISS for 128 consecutive days, the three returned to Earth on December 17, 2001, aboard the...
Topics: What -- Sun, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2425
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Aboard the International Space Station (ISS), Cosmonaut and Expedition Three flight engineer Vladimir N. Dezhurov, representing Rosaviakosmos, talks with flight controllers from the Zvezda Service Module. Russian-built Zvezda is linked to the Functional Cargo Block (FGB), or Zarya, the first component of the ISS. Zarya was launched on a Russian Proton rocket prior to the launch of Unity. The third component of the ISS, Zvezda (Russian word for star), the primary Russian contribution to the ISS,...
Topics: Who -- Vladimir N. Dezhurov, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Zvezda, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2420
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the crew patch for the Shuttle Endeavor STS-113 mission, the 16th American assembly flight, and 112th overall American flight to the International Space Station (ISS). STS-113 mission objectives included the delivery of the Expedition Six Crew to the ISS, the return of Expedition Five back to Earth, and the installation and activation of the Port 1 Integrated Truss Assembly (P1). The first major component installed on the left side of the Station, the P1 truss provides an additional...
Topics: What -- STS-113, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2789
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The space vehicle for Gravity Probe B (GP-B) arrives at the launch site at Vandenburg Air Force Base. GP-B is the relativity experiment being developed at Stanford University to test two extraordinary predictions of Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity. The experiment will measure, very precisely, the expected tiny changes in the direction of the spin axes of four gyroscopes contained in an Earth-orbiting satellite at a 400-mile altitude. So free are the gyroscopes from disturbance...
Topics: What -- Gravity Probe B, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2740
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Chandra image shows the central regions of two colliding galaxies known collectively as the Antennae (NGC-4038/4039). The Chandra image reveals a large population of extremely bright x-ray sources in this area of intense star formation. These x-ray sources, which emit 10 to several hundred times more x-ray power than similar sources in our own galaxy, are believed to be either massive black holes, or black holes that are beaming their energy toward Earth. In this x-ray image, red...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Constellation, What -- Corvus, Where -- Antennae Galaxies, Where -- NGC 4038
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2684
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the Apollo 16 lunar landing mission crew portrait. Pictured from left to right are: Thomas K. Mattingly II, Command Module pilot; John W. Young, Mission Commander; and Charles M. Duke Jr., Lunar Module pilot. Launched from the Kennedy Space Center on April 16, 1972, Apollo 16 spent three days on Earth's Moon. The first study of the highlands area, the landing site for Apollo 16 was the Descartes Highlands. The fifth lunar landing mission out of six, Apollo 16 was famous for deploying...
Topics: What -- Apollo 16, What -- Moon, What -- Earth, What -- Crater, Where -- Kennedy Space Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3042
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Headed toward Earth orbit and a link up with the International Space Station (ISS), the Space Shuttle Atlantis lifted off from Kennedy Space Center on June 8, 2007. Aboard were STS-117 astronauts James F. Reilly II, Steven R. Swanson, Patrick G. Forrester and John D. ?Danny? Olivas, all mission specialists; Frederick W. (Rick) Sturckow, commander; Lee J. Archambault, pilot; and Clayton Anderson, mission specialist who joined the Expedition 15 crew. The crew members along with the Expedition 15...
Topics: Who -- James F. Reilly, Who -- Clayton Anderson, What -- Earth, What -- International Space Station...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4153
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This photo depicts the recovery of the Freedom 7 (MR-3) capsule by a U.S. Marine helicopter. The MR-3 mission successfully placed the first American astronaut, Alan Shepard, in space for 15-1/2 minutes and returned safely to Earth on May 5, 1961.
Topics: Who -- Alan B. Shepard, Jr., What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1494
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Gordon Cooper leaves the Faith 7 (MA-9) spacecraft after a successful recovery operation. The MA-9 mission, the last flight of the Mercury Project, was launched on May 15, 1963, orbited the Earth 22 times, and lasted for 1-1/2 days.
Topics: Who -- Gordon Cooper, What -- Mercury, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=985
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Gordon Cooper leaves the Faith 7 (MA-9) spacecraft after a successful recovery operation. The MA-9 mission, the last flight of the Mercury Project, was launched on May 15, 1963, orbited the Earth 22 times, and lasted for 1-1/2 days.
Topics: Who -- Gordon Cooper, What -- Mercury, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=986
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Workmen at the Kennedy Space Center position the nose cone for the 204LM-1, an unmanned Apollo mission that tested the Apollo Lunar Module (LM) in Earth orbit. Also known as Apollo 5, the spacecraft was launched on the fourth Saturn IBC launch vehicle. Developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) as an interim vehicle in MSFC's "building block" approach to the Saturn rocket development, the Saturn IBC utilized Saturn I technology to further develop and refine a larger booster...
Topics: What -- Apollo 5, What -- Earth, What -- Saturn, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1065
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle produced a holocaust of flames as it rose from its pad at Launch complex 39. The 363 foot tall, 6,400,000 pound rocket hurled the spacecraft into Earth parking orbit and then placed it on the trajectory to the moon. This high angle view of the launch was provided by a ?fisheye?...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4002
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the LM, named...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4027