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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The National Space Science and Technology Center (NSSTC), located in Huntsville, Alabama, is a laboratory for cutting-edge research in selected scientific and engineering disciplines. The major objectives of the NSSTC are to provide multiple fields of expertise coming together to solve solutions to science and technology problems, and gaining recognition as a world-class science research organization. The center, opened in August 2000, focuses on space science, Earth sciences, information...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2627
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A clear blue sky hosts the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia STS-107 mission as it hurtles toward space from launch pad 39A at Kennedy Space Center on January 16, 2003. The 28th Columbia flight and 113th overall flight in NASA's Space Shuttle program, STS-107 is a multidiscipline microgravity and Earth science research mission involving 80-plus International experiments to be performed by a crew of seven during the 16-day mission. The breadth of science conducted on this mission will have...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, What -- Earth, Where -- Kennedy...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2580
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image depicts the formation of multiple whirlpools in a sodium gas cloud. Scientists who cooled the cloud and made it spin created the whirlpools in a Massachusetts Institute of Technology laboratory, as part of NASA-funded research. This process is similar to a phenomenon called starquakes that appear as glitches in the rotation of pulsars in space. MIT's Wolgang Ketterle and his colleagues, who conducted the research under a grant from the Biological and Physical Research Program through...
Topics: What -- Beam, Where -- Massachusetts, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2893
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On Earth when scientists melt metals, bubbles that form in the molten material can rise to the surface, pop and disappear. In microgravity -- the near-weightless environment created as the International Space Station orbits Earth -- the lighter bubbles do not rise and disappear. Prior space experiments have shown that bubbles often become trapped in the final metal or crystal sample -similar to the bubbles trapped in this sample. In the solid, these bubbles, or porosity, are defects that...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2678
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Richard Grugel, a materials scientist at NASA's Marshall Space Flight in Huntsville, Ala., examines the furnace used to conduct his Pore Formation and Mobility Investigation -- one of the first two materials science experiments to be conducted on the International Space Station. This experiment studies materials processes similar to those used to make components used in jet engines. Grugel's furnace was installed in the Microgravity Science Glovebox through the circular port on the side. In...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2676
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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ProVision Technologies, a NASA research partnership center at Sternis Space Center in Mississippi, has developed a new hyperspectral imaging (HSI) system that is much smaller than the original large units used aboard remote sensing aircraft and satellites. The new apparatus is about the size of a breadbox. Health-related applications of HSI include scanning chickens during processing to help prevent contaminated food from getting to the table. ProVision is working with Sanderson Farms of...
Topic: Where -- Mississippi
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2709
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a close-up of the NASA-sponsored Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE) Satellite. The SORCE mission, launched aboard a Pegasus rocket January 25, 2003, will provide state of the art measurements of incoming x-ray, ultraviolet, visible, near-infrared, and total solar radiation. Critical to studies of the Sun and its effect on our Earth system and mankind, SORCE will provide measurements that specifically address long-term climate change, natural variability and enhanced climate...
Topics: What -- SORCE, What -- Pegasus, What -- Sun, What -- Earth, What -- SIM
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2597
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This emblem represents the eighth long-duration expedition to the International Space Station (ISS). The figure eight barner encircling the Earth combines the flags of the Nations represented by the two man crew. The ISS is portrayed above the Earth in its completed configuration. The names of the crew members, Michael Foale of the United States, and Alexander Kaleri of Russia, flank the outer border.
Topics: Who -- Michael Foale, Who -- Alexander Kaleri, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2768
NASA Images
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Aboard the International Space Station (ISS), the Tissue Culture Module (TCM) is the stationary bioreactor vessel in which cell cultures grow. However, for the Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems-Fluid Dynamics Investigation (CBOSS-FDI), color polystyrene beads are used to measure the effectiveness of various mixing procedures. The beads are similar in size and density to human lymphoid cells. Uniform mixing is a crucial component of CBOSS experiments involving the immune response...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3965
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. This video clip is an interview with Pettit after his mission in which he discusses his Saturday Morning Science demonstrations. This series of experiments offer a rich opportunity for laymen to peek into the fascinating world on orbit, and a valuable opportunity...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3872
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Weijia Zhou, director of the Wisconsin Center for Space Automation and Robotics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, inspects the Advanced Astroculture(tm) plant growth unit before its first flight last spring. Coating technology is used inside the miniature plant greenhouse to remove ethylene, a chemical produced by plant leaves that can cause plants to mature too quickly. This same coating technology is used in a new anthrax-killing device. The Space Station experiment is managed by...
Topics: Where -- Wisconsin, Where -- Madison, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Des...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2888
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Fiber-Supported Droplet Combustion (FSDC) experiment team got more than twice as many burns have been completed as were originally scheduled for STS-95. This image was taken July 12, 1997, MET:10/08:13 (approximate). As shown here, scientists were able to burn two droplets side by side, more closely mimicking behavior of burning fuel in an engine. This shows ignition of a single drop that subsequently burned while a fan blew through the chamber, giving the scientists data on burning with...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- MSL 1, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2655
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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These banana-shaped loops are part of a computer-generated snapshot of our sun's magnetic field. The solar magnetic-field lines loop through the sun's corona, break through the sun's surface, and cornect regions of magnetic activity, such as sunspots. This image --part of a magnetic-field study of the sun by NASA's Allen Gary -- shows the outer portion (skins) of interconnecting systems of hot (2 million degrees Kelvin) coronal loops within and between two active magnetic regions on opposite...
Topics: What -- Snapshot, What -- Sun
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2717
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a portrait of the Expedition-8 two man crew. Pictured left is Cosmonaut Alexander Y, Kaleri, Soyuz Commander and flight engineer; and Michael C. Foale (right), Expedition-8 Mission Commander and NASA ISS Science Officer. The crew posed for this portrait while training at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City, Russia. The two were launched for the International Space Station (ISS) aboard a Soyuz TMA-3 spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, along with European...
Topics: Who -- Pedro Duque, What -- SOYUZ TMA 3, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2767
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) pressure module is removed from its shipping crate and moved across the floor of the Space Station Processing Facility at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) to a work stand. A research laboratory, the pressurized module is the first element of the JEM, named "Kibo" (Hope) to arrive at KSC. Japan's primary contribution to the International Space Station, the module will enhance unique research capabilities of the orbiting complex by providing an additional...
Topics: What -- Japanese Experiment Module (Kibo), What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2742
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the insignia for the STS-107 mission which is a multidiscipline microgravity and Earth science research mission involving 80-plus International experiments to be performed by a crew of seven during the 16-day mission. The breadth of science conducted on this mission will have widespread benefits to life on Earth. Many of the experiments will be managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The first shuttle mission in 2003, the STS-107 mission launched January 16,...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2581
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Expedition Seven image, taken while aboard the International Space Station (ISS), shows the limb of the Earth at the bottom transitioning into the orange-colored stratosphere, the lowest and most dense portion of the Earth's atmosphere. The troposphere ends abruptly at the tropopause, which appears in the image as the sharp boundary between the orange- and blue-colored atmosphere. The silvery blue noctilucent clouds extend far above the Earth's troposphere. The silver of the setting moon...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, What -- Moon
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2753
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photo is an overall view of the Mission Control Center in Korolev, Russia during the Expedition Seven mission. The Expedition Seven crew launched aboard a Soyez spacecraft on April 26, 2003. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls
Topic: Where -- Russia
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2718
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Study of the downlink data from the Laminar Soot Processes (LSP) experiment quickly resulted in discovery of a new mechanism of flame extinction caused by radiation of soot. Scientists found that the flames emit soot sooner than expected. These findings have direct impact on spacecraft fire safety, as well as the theories predicting the formation of soot -- which is a major factor as a pollutant and in the spread of unwanted fires. This sequence, using propane fuel, was taken STS-94, July 4...
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- STS-107, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Michigan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2664
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Study of the downlink data from the Laminar Soot Processes (LSP) experiment quickly resulted in discovery of a new mechanism of flame extinction caused by radiation of soot. Scientists found that the flames emit soot sooner than expected. These findings have direct impact on spacecraft fire safety, as well as the theories predicting the formation of soot -- which is a major factor as a pollutant and in the spread of unwanted fires. This sequence was taken July 15, 1997, MET:14/10:34...
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- STS-107, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Michigan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2662
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph depicts one of over thirty tests conducted on the Vortex Combustion Chamber Engine at Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) test stand 115, a joint effort between NASA's MSFC and the U.S. Army AMCOM of Redstone Arsenal. The engine tests were conducted to evaluate an irnovative, "self-cooled", vortex combustion chamber, which relies on tangentially injected propellants from the chamber wall producing centrifugal forces that keep the relatively cold liquid propellants...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2629
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Photo, which appeared on the July cover of `Physics Today', is of the Electrostatic Levitator (ESL) at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The ESL uses static electricity to suspend an object (about 3-4 mm in diameter) inside a vacuum chamber allowing scientists to record a wide range of physical properties without the sample contracting the container or any instruments, conditions that would alter the readings. Once inside the chamber, a laser heats the sample until it melts. The...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2739
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The razor sharp eye of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) easily resolves the Sombrero galaxy, Messier 104 (M104). 50,000 light-years across, the galaxy is located 28 million light-years from Earth at the southern edge of the rich Virgo cluster of galaxies. Equivalent to 800 billion suns, Sombrero is one of the most massive objects in that group. The hallmark of Sombrero is a brilliant white, bulbous core encircled by the thick dust lanes comprising the spiral structure of the galaxy. As seen...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Earth, What -- Virgo, What -- Sun, Where -- Sombrero...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3937
NASA Images
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video clip, Dr. Pettit demonstrates the phenomenon of a puff of air hitting a ball of water that is free floating in space. Watch the video to see why Dr. Pettit remarks ?I?d hate think that our planet would go through these kinds of gyrations if it got...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3875
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The U.S. Node 2 awaits launch in the Space Station Processing Facility at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) since its arrival on June 1, 2003. Node 2, the "utility hub" and second of three connectors between International Space Station (ISS) modules, was built in the Torino, Italy facility of Alenia Spazio, an International contractor based in Rome. Alenia built Node 2 as part of an agreement between NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA). Weighing in at approximately 30,000 pounds,...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Where -- Italy,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2735
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Avian Development Facility (ADF) supports 36 eggs in two carousels, one of which rotates to provide a 1-g control for comparing to eggs grown in microgravity. The ADF was designed to incubate up to 36 Japanese quail eggs, 18 in microgravity and 18 in artificial gravity. The two sets of eggs were exposed to otherwise identical conditions, the first time this is been accomplished in space. Eggs are preserved at intervals to provide snapshots of their development for later analysis. Quails...
Topic: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2713
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit photographed a cube shaped wire frame supporting a thin film made from a water-soap solution during his Saturday Morning Science aboard the International Space Station?s (ISS) Destiny Laboratory. Food coloring was added to several faces to observe the effects of diffusion within the film.
Topics: What -- WIRE, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Destiny
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3886
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dwarf wheat were photographed aboard the International Space Station in April 2002. Lessons from on-orbit research on plants will have applications to terrestrial agriculture as well as for long-term space missions. Alternative agricultural systems that can efficiently produce greater quantities of high-quality crops in a small area are important for future space expeditions. Also regenerative life-support systems that include plants will be an important component of long-term space missions....
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2889
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Structure of Flameballs at Low Lewis Numbers (SOFBALL) experiments aboard the space shuttle in 1997 a series of sturningly successful burns. This sequence was taken during STS-94, July 12, 1997, MET:10/08:18 (approximate). It was thought these extremely dim flameballs (1/20 the power of a kitchen match) could last up to 200 seconds -- in fact, they can last for at least 500 seconds. This has ramifications in fuel-spray design in combustion engines, as well as fire safety in space. The...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2665
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Fiber Supported Droplet Combustion Experiment completing a number of successful burns on STS-94, July 11, 1997, MET:9/17:40 (approximate). The photo shows a droplet of 95% heptane and 5% hexadecane, suspended and positioned by the fiber wire, just as it is being ignited by the glowing coil beneath. Study of the physical properties of burning fuel from this experiment is expected to contribute to more efficient use of fossil fuels and reduction of combustion by-products on Earth. The...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- WIRE, What -- Earth, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2659
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Experiments to seek solutions for a range of biomedical issues are at the heart of several investigations that will be hosted by the Commercial Instrumentation Technology Associates (ITA), Inc. Biomedical Experiments (CIBX-2) payload. CIBX-2 is unique, encompassing more than 20 separate experiments including cancer research, commercial experiments, and student hands-on experiments from 10 schools as part of ITA's ongoing University Among the Stars program. Astronaut William G. Gregory activates...
Topics: Who -- William Gregory, What -- Cancer, What -- STS-6
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2620
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Experiments to seek solutions for a range of biomedical issues are at the heart of several investigations that will be hosted by the Commercial Instrumentation Technology Associates (ITA), Inc. Biomedical Experiments (CIBX-2) payload. CIBX-2 is unique, encompassing more than 20 separate experiments including cancer research, commercial experiments, and student hands-on experiments from 10 schools as part of ITA's ongoing University Among the Stars program. A number of Liquids Mixing Apparatus...
Topic: What -- Cancer
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2640
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Students at Williams Technology Middle School in Huntsville were featured in a new segment of NASA CONNECT, a video series aimed to enhance the teaching of math, science, and technology to middle school students. The segment premiered nationwide May 15, 2003, and helped viewers understand Sir Isaac Newton's first, second, and third laws of gravity and how they relate to NASA's efforts in developing the next generation of space transportation.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2736
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This video was taken from the first flight of the TEMPUS electromagnetic levitation furnace on the International Microgravity Laboratory-2 (STS-65, July 8-23, 1994). This view is from the furnace's upper camera and shows a sample glowing as it melts. TEMPUS (stands for Tiegelfreies Elektromagnetisches Prozessiere unter Schwerelosigkeit (containerless electromagnetic processing under weightlessness). It was developed by the German Space Agency (DARA) for flight aboard Spacelab. The DARA project...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-65, What -- STS-94, What -- IML 2
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2674
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Video images sent to the ground allow scientists to watch the behavior of the bubbles as they control the melting and freezing of the material during the Pore Formation and Mobility Investigation (PFMI) in the Microgravity Science Glovebox aboard the International Space Station. While the investigation studies the way that metals behave at the microscopic scale on Earth -- and how voids form -- the experiment uses a transparent material called succinonitrile that behaves like a metal to study...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2704
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Aboard the International Space Station (ISS), European Space Agency astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain watches a water bubble float between a camera and himself. The bubble shows his reflection (reversed). Duque was launched aboard a Russian Soyuz TMA-3 spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan on October 18th, along with expedition-8 crew members Michael C. Foale, Mission Commander and NASA ISS Science Officer, and Cosmonaut Alexander Y. Kaleri, Soyuz Commander and flight engineer.
Topics: Who -- Pedro Duque, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- SOYUZ TMA 3, Where -- Spain,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2778
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photo gives an overhead look at an RS-88 development rocket engine being test fired at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, in support of the Pad Abort Demonstration (PAD) test flights for NASA's Orbital Space Plane (OSP). The tests could be instrumental in developing the first crew launch escape system in almost 30 years. Paving the way for a series of integrated PAD test flights, the engine tests support development of a system that could pull a crew safely away...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2901
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A 2 week observation through the optic eye of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory revealed this sturning explosion occurring in the super massive black hole at the Milky Way's center, known as Sagittarius A or Sgr A*. Huge lobes of 20-million degree Centigrade gas ( red loops in image) flank both sides of the black hole and extend over dozens of light years indicating that enormous explosions occurred several times over the last 10 thousand years. Weighing in at 3-million times the mass of the sun,...
Topics: What -- Sagittarius, What -- Sun
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2598
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In honor of the Centernial of Flight celebration and commissioned by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), a team of engineers from Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) built a replica of the first liquid-fueled rocket. The original rocket, designed and built by rocket engineering pioneer Robert H. Goddard in 1926, opened the door to modern rocketry. Goddard's rocket reached an altitude of 41 feet while its flight lasted only 2.5 seconds. The Marshall design team's plan...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2752
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Many odd looking moon photos have been captured over the years by astronauts aboard the International Space Station. Even so, this photograph, taken by the crew over Russia on May 11, 2003, must have come as a surprise. The moon which is really a quarter of a million miles away, appears to be floating inside the Earth's atmosphere. The picture is tricky because of its uneven lighting. With the sun's elevation angle at only 6 degrees, night is falling on the left side of the image while it is...
Topics: What -- Moon, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Russia
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2719
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video, Dr. Pettit demonstrates using a syringe to inject water into a bubble. The result amazed Dr. Pettit and his crew mates. They observed that the droplets may bounce around for 5 or 6 collisions within the bubble, and then may partially or all at once...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3867
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Eastman-Kodak mirror assembly is being tested for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) project at the X-Ray Calibration Facility at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). In this photo, an MSFC employee is inspecting one of many segments of the mirror assembly for flaws. MSFC is supporting Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) in developing the JWST by taking numerous measurements to predict its future performance. The tests are conducted in a vacuum chamber cooled to approximate the super cold...
Topics: Who -- James E. Webb, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Constellation, What -- Imager,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2691
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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ProVision Technologies, a NASA research partnership center at Sternis Space Center in Mississippi, has developed a new hyperspectral imaging (HSI) system that is much smaller than the original large units used aboard remote sensing aircraft and satellites. The new apparatus is about the size of a breadbox. HSI may be useful to ophthalmologists to study and diagnose eye health, both on Earth and in space, by examining the back of the eye to determine oxygen and blood flow quickly and without any...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Mississippi, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2711
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Lisa Monaco, Marshall Space Flight Center?s (MSFC?s) project scientist for the Lab-on-a-Chip Applications Development (LOCAD) program, examines a lab on a chip. The small dots are actually ports where fluids and chemicals can be mixed or samples can be collected for testing. Tiny channels, only clearly visible under a microscope, form pathways between the ports. Many chemical and biological processes, previously conducted on large pieces of laboratory equipment, can now be performed on...
Topics: What -- CHIPS, What -- DEBUT, What -- Discovery, What -- STS-116, What -- International Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3909
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Ernst Stuhlinger, a member of von Braun's original German rocket team who directed the Research Projects Office, spoke about the importance of teachers in his life during a reception honoring educators attending the NASA Student Launch Initiative Rocketry Workshop at the Marshall Space Flight Center in July, 2003.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2743
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This Chandra X-ray observatory image of M83 shows numerous point-like neutron stars and black hole x-ray sources scattered throughout the disk of this spiral galaxy. The bright nuclear region of the galaxy glows prominently due to a burst of star formation that is estimated to have begun about 20 million years ago in the galaxy's time frame. The nuclear region, enveloped by a 7 million degree Celsius gas cloud of carbon, neon, magnesium, silicon, and sulfur atoms, contains a much higher...
Topic: Where -- M83
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2599
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Study of the downlink data from the Laminar Soot Processes (LSP) experiment quickly resulted in discovery of a new mechanism of flame extinction caused by radiation of soot. Scientists found that the flames emit soot sooner than expected. These findings have direct impact on spacecraft fire safety, as well as the theories predicting the formation of soot -- which is a major factor as a pollutant and in the spread of unwanted fires. This sequence, using propane fuel, was taken STS-94, July 4...
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- STS-107, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Michigan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2663
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Bubble and Drop Nonlinear Dynamics (BDND) experiment was designed to improve understanding of how the shape and behavior of bubbles respond to ultrasound pressure. By understanding this behavior, it may be possible to counteract complications bubbles cause during materials processing on the ground. This 12-second sequence came from video downlinked from STS-94, July 5 1997, MET:3/19:15 (approximate). The BDND guest investigator was Gary Leal of the University of California, Santa Barbara....
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2642
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Center for Advanced Microgravity Materials Processing (CAMMP), a NASA-sponsored Research Partnership Center, is working to improve zeolite materials for storing hydrogen fuel. CAMMP is also applying zeolites to detergents, optical cables, gas and vapor detection for environmental monitoring and control, and chemical production techniques that significantly reduce by-products that are hazardous to the environment. Shown here are zeolite crystals (top) grown in a ground control experiment and...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2611
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Cheryl Nickerson (right) of Tulane University is studying the effects of simulated low-g on a well-known pathogen, Salmonella typhimurium, a bacterium that causes two to four million cases of gastrointestinal illness in the United States each year. While most healthy people recover readily, S. typhimurium can kill people with weakened immune systems. Thus, a simple case of food poisoning could disrupt a space mission. Using the NASA rotating-wall bioreactor, Nickerson cultured S....
Topic: Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2708
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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ProVision Technologies, a NASA commercial space center at Sternis Space Center in Mississippi, has developed a new hyperspectral imaging (HSI) system that is much smaller than the original large units used aboard remote sensing aircraft and satellites. The new apparatus is about the size of a breadbox. HSI may be useful to ophthalmologists to study and diagnose eye health, both on Earth and in space, by examining the back of the eye to determine oxygen and blood flow quickly and without any...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Mississippi, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2712
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Our daily experience has shown us that when a small drop of water is introduced into a large body of water, the smaller drop gets sucked up into the larger body. In this clip taken aboard the International Space Station (ISS), Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit demonstrates the phenomenon with marker particles to clearly show that the smaller particle turns into a vortex ring, or donut shape, when it enters the larger body of water.
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3884
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Principal investigator Leland Chung grew prostate cancer and bone stromal cells aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia during the STS-107 mission. Although the experiment samples were lost along with the ill-fated spacecraft and crew, he did obtain downlinked video of the experiment that indicates the enormous potential of growing tissues in microgravity. Cells grown aboard Columbia had grown far larger tissue aggregates at day 5 than did the cells grown in a NASA bioreactor on the ground.
Topics: What -- Cancer, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3970
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Experiments to seek solutions for a range of biomedical issues are at the heart of several investigations that will be hosted by the Commercial Instrumentation Technology Associates (ITA), Inc. Biomedical Experiments (CIBX-2) payload. CIBX-2 is unique, encompassing more than 20 separate experiments including cancer research, commercial experiments, and student hands-on experiments from 10 schools as part of ITA's ongoing University Among the Stars program. Student Marnix Aklian and ITA's Mark...
Topics: What -- Cancer, What -- STS-95
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2618
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Salmonella typhimurium appears green in on human intestinal tissue (stained red) cultured in a NASA rotating wall bioreactor. Dr. Cheryl Nickerson of Tulane University is studying the effects of simulated low-g on a well-known pathogen, Salmonella typhimurium, a bacterium that causes two to four million cases of gastrointestinal illness in the United States each year. While most healthy people recover readily, S. typhimurium can kill people with weakened immune systems. Thus, a simple case of...
Topic: Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2705
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A new, world-class laboratory for research into future space transportation technologies is under construction at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, AL. The state-of-the-art Propulsion Research Laboratory will serve as a leading national resource for advanced space propulsion research. Its purpose is to conduct research that will lead to the creation and development of irnovative propulsion technologies for space exploration. The facility will be the epicenter of the effort...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2601
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This striking Chandra X-Ray Observatory image of supernova remnant SNR0103-72.6 reveals a nearly perfect ring about 150 light years in diameter surrounding a cloud of gas enriched in oxygen and shock-heated to millions of degrees Celsius. The ring marks the outer limits of a shock wave produced as material ejected in the supernova explosion collides with the interstellar gas. The size of the ring indicates that we see the supernova remnant as it was about 10,000 years after its progenitor star...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2716
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Materials with a smaller mean atomic mass, such as lithium (Li) hydride and polyethylene, make the best radiation shields for astronauts. The materials have a higher density of nuclei and are better able to block incoming radiation. Also, they tend to produce fewer and less dangerous secondary particles after impact with incoming radiation.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2892
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Clues to the formation of planets and planetary rings -- like Saturn's dazzling ring system -- may be found by studying how dust grains interact as they collide at low speeds. To study the question of low-speed dust collisions, NASA sponsored the COLLisions Into Dust Experiment (COLLIDE) at the University of Colorado. It was designed to spring-launch marble-size projectiles into trays of powder similar to space or lunar dust. COLLIDE-1 (1998) discovered that collisions below a certain energy...
Topics: What -- Impactor, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2695
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A gold sample is heated by the TEMPUS electromagnetic levitation furnace on STS-94, 1997, MET:10/09:20 (approximate). The sequence shows the sample being positioned electromagnetically and starting to be heated to melting. TEMPUS (stands for Tiegelfreies Elektromagnetisches Prozessiere unter Schwerelosigkeit (containerless electromagnetic processing under weightlessness). It was developed by the German Space Agency (DARA) for flight aboard Spacelab. The DARA project scientist was Igon Egry. The...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2669
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Fuel ignites and burns in the Droplet Combustion Experiment (DCE) on STS-94 on July 12, 1997, MET:11/07:00 (approximate). DCE used various fuels -- in drops ranging from 1 mm (0.04 inches) to 5 mm (0.2 inches) -- and mixtures of oxidizers and inert gases to learn more about the physics of combustion in the simplest burning configuration, a sphere. The DCE was designed to investigate the fundamental combustion aspects of single, isolated droplets under different pressures and ambient oxygen...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2649
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Donald R. Pettit, Expedition Six NASA ISS science officer, photographed this view of a surface tension demonstration using water that is held in place by a metal loop. The experiment took place in the Destiny laboratory on the International Space Station (ISS). The Expedition Six crew was delivered to the station via the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavor STS-113 mission which was launched on November 23, 2002.
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2605
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Bubble and Drop Nonlinear Dynamics (BDND) experiment was designed to improve understanding of how the shape and behavior of bubbles respond to ultrasound pressure. By understanding this behavior, it may be possible to counteract complications bubbles cause during materials processing on the ground. This 12-second sequence came from video downlinked from STS-94, July 5 1997, MET:3/19:15 (approximate). The BDND guest investigator was Gary Leal of the University of California, Santa Barbara....
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2641
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Cheryl Nickerson of Tulane University is studying the effects of simulated low-g on a well-known pathogen, Salmonella typhimurium, a bacterium that causes two to four million cases of gastrointestinal illness in the United States each year. While most healthy people recover readily, S. typhimurium can kill people with weakened immune systems. Thus, a simple case of food poisoning could disrupt a space mission. Using the NASA rotating-wall bioreactor, Nickerson cultured S. typhimurium in...
Topic: Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2706
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A team of NASA researchers from Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and Dryden Flight Research center have proven that beamed light can be used to power an aircraft, a first-in-the-world accomplishment to the best of their knowledge. Using an experimental custom built radio-controlled model aircraft, the team has demonstrated a system that beams enough light energy from the ground to power the propeller of an aircraft and sustain it in flight. Special photovoltaic arrays on the plane, similar...
Topics: What -- Beam, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Dryden Flight Research Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2755
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Jet Propulsion Laboratory has designed and built an electronic nose system -- ENose -- to take on the duty of staying alert for smells that could indicate hazardous conditions in a closed spacecraft environment. Its sensors are tailored so they conduct electricity differently when an air stream carries a particular chemical across them. JPL has designed and built a 3-pound flight version (shown with palm-size control and data computer). The active parts are 32 sensors, each with a different...
Topics: What -- STS-95, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2697
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A gold sample is heated by the TEMPUS electromagnetic levitation furnace on STS-94, 1997, MET:10/09:20 (approximate). The sequence shows the sample being positioned electromagnetically and starting to be heated to melting. TEMPUS (stands for Tiegelfreies Elektromagnetisches Prozessiere unter Schwerelosigkeit (containerless electromagnetic processing under weightlessness). It was developed by the German Space Agency (DARA) for flight aboard Spacelab. The DARA project scientist was Igon Egry. The...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2670
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This composite image shows soybean plants growing in the Advanced Astroculture experiment aboard the International Space Station during June 11-July 2, 2002. DuPont is partnering with NASA and the Wisconsin Center for Space Automation and Robotics (WCSAR) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison to grow soybeans aboard the Space Station to find out if they have improved oil, protein, carbohydrates or secondary metabolites that could benefit farmers and consumers. Principal Investigators: Dr. Tom...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Wisconsin, Where -- Madison, Where -- Des...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2885
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This sunrise was captured from the crew cabin of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia on the STS-107 mission. Launched January 16, 2003, STS-107 was strictly a multidiscipline microgravity and Earth science research mission involving 80-plus International experiments performed during 16-days, many of which were managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The majority of the research was conducted in the Shuttle's mid deck, the area directly under the cockpit, in the new...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, What -- Earth, What -- STS-95,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2628
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. Growing salt crystals in a bottle of water is a favorite science activity for kids. In space, Dr. Pettit grew salt crystals in stretched films of water so that the salt water only fed the crystals around the edges rather than from all sides, as happens in a glass...
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3877
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Aboard the International Space Station (ISS), the Russian Lada greenhouse provides home to an experiment that investigates plant development and genetics. Space grown peas have dried and "gone to seed." The crew of the ISS will soon harvest the seeds. Eventually some will be replanted onboard the ISS, and some will be returned to Earth for further study.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2746
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Fiber-Supported Droplet Combustion (FSDC) uses two droplets positioned on the fiber wire, instead of the usual one. Two droplets more closely simulates the environment in engines, which ignite many fuel droplets at once. The behavior of the burning was also unexpected -- the droplets moved together after ignition, generating quite a bit of data for understanding the interaction of fuel droplets while they burn. Because FSDC is backlit (the bright glow behind the drops), you carnot see the...
Topics: What -- WIRE, What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2657
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA's X-37 Approach and Landing Test Vehicle is installed is a structural facility at Boeing's Huntington Beach, California plant. Tests, completed in July, were conducted to verify the structural integrity of the vehicle in preparation for atmospheric flight tests. Atmospheric flight tests of the Approach and Landing Test Vehicle are scheduled for 2004 and flight tests of the Orbital Vehicle are scheduled for 2006. The X-37 experimental launch vehicle is roughly 27.5 feet (8.3 meters) long...
Topics: Where -- California, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2745
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Jet Propulsion Laboratory has designed and built an electronic nose system -- ENose -- to take on the duty of staying alert for smells that could indicate hazardous conditions in a closed spacecraft environment. Its sensors (shown here) are tailored so they conduct electricity differently when an air stream carries a particular chemical across them. JPL has designed and built a 3-pound flight version. The active parts are 32 sensors, each with a different mix of polymers saturated with...
Topics: What -- STS-95, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2696
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This crew portrait of Expedition Seven, Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Expedition Seven mission commander (left), and Astronaut Edward T. Lu, Expedition Seven NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer (right) was taken while in training at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City, Russia. Destined for the International Space Station (ISS), the two-man crew launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan on April 26, 2003. aboard a Soyez TMA-1 spacecraft.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Russia, Where -- Kazakhstan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2722