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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo Telescope Mount (ATM) was designed and developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center and served as the primary scientific instrument unit aboard Skylab (1973-1979). The ATM consisted of eight scientific instruments as well as a number of smaller experiments. In this image, the set of four large solar cell arrays, which could produce up to as much as 1.1 kilowatts of electric power, are being installed on an ATM prototype.
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1302
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Juno I, a slightly modified Jupiter-C launch vehicle, shortly before the January 31, 1958 launch of America's first satellite, Explorer I. The Jupiter-C, developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the rocket team at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama, consisted of a modified version of the Redstone rocket's first stage and two upper stages of clustered Baby Sergeant rockets developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Explorer, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2164
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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As the construction continued on the International Space Station (ISS), STS-118 astronaut and mission specialist Rick Mastracchio participated in the second session of Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA) for the mission. Assisting Mastracchio was Canadian Space Agency representative Dave Williams (out of frame). During the 6 hour, 28 minute space walk, the two removed a faulty control moment gyroscope (CMG-3) and installed a new CMG into the Z1 truss. The failed CMG will remain in its temporary...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-118, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4165
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On STS-89, three Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) test cells were subjected to five cycles of compression and relief (left) and three were subjected to shorter displacement cycles that simulate motion during an earthquake (right). In the compression/relief tests, the sand particles rearranged themselves and slightly re-expanded the column during relief. In the short displacement tests, the specimen's resistance to compression decreases, even though the displacement remains the same. The...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Colorado, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=758
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) is responsible for designing and building the life support systems that will provide the crew of the International Space Station (ISS) a comfortable environment in which to live and work. Scientists and engineers at the MSFC are working together to provide the ISS with systems that are safe, efficient, and cost-effective. These compact and powerful systems are collectively called the Environmental Control and Life Support Systems, or simply, ECLSS. In...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Spectrometer, What -- Destiny, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1594
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) is responsible for designing and building the life support systems that will provide the crew of the International Space Station (ISS) a comfortable environment in which to live and work. Scientists and engineers at the MSFC are working together to provide the ISS with systems that are safe, efficient, and cost-effective. These compact and powerful systems are collectively called the Environmental Control and Life Support Systems, or simply, ECLSS. This...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1597
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun addresses a crowd celebrating in front of the Madison County Alabama Courthouse following the successful launch of Astronaut Alan Shepard (America's first astronaut in space) into space on a Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle, Freedom 7. Shepard's Mercury Spacecraft, was launched from Cape Canaveral. He reached a speed of 5200 mph. His flight lasted 15-1/2 minutes. May 5, 1961 (Photo: Courtesy of Huntsville/Madison County Public Library)
Topics: Who -- Alan B. Shepard, Jr., What -- Mercury, Where -- Madison, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=984
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Catherine G. Coleman, mission specialist for STS-73, works in the glovebox on the portside of the science module aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia in earth-orbit.
Topics: What -- STS-73, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=208
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows TRW technicians preparing the assembled Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO) for an official unveiling at TRW Space and Electronics Group of Redondo Beach, California. The CXO is formerly known as the Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), which was renamed in honor of the late Indian-American Astronomer, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar in 1999. The CXO will help astronomers world-wide better understand the structure and evolution of the universe by studying powerful sources...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-93, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1986
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Rockford, Illinois high school student, Vincent Converse (right), is greeted by astronauts Russell L. Schweickart and Owen K. Garriott during a tour of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Converse was among 25 winners of a contest in which some 3,500 high school students proposed experiments for the following year?s Skylab mission. His experiment, ?Zero Gravity Mass Measurement? used a simple leaf spring with the mass to be weighed attached to the end. An electronic package oscillated the...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Illinois, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3293
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo Telescope Mount (ATM) was designed and developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center and served as the primary scientific instrument unit aboard Skylab (1973-1979). This photograph shows the spar unit, which housed major solar instruments, being lowered into the rack, the outer octagonal complex frame of the ATM flight unit.
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1285
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Constructed in 1964, the S-IC Static Test Stand was designed to develop and test the first stage (S-IC) of the Saturn V launch vehicle. In the 1974 the test stand was modified to test the liquid hydrogen tank on the Space Shuttle External Tank. The facility was again modified in 1986 and its name was changed to the Advanced Engine Test Facility. These modifications were made to accommodate the Technology Test Bed engine which is a derivative of the Space Shuttle Main Engine.
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1808
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows the High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)-3 being prepared for encapsulation. Designed and developed by TRW, Inc. under the direction of the Marshall Space Flight Center, the objectives of the HEAO-3 were to survey and map the celestial sphere for gamma-ray flux and make detailed measurements of cosmic-ray particles. It carried three scientific experiments: a gamma-ray spectrometer, a cosmic-ray isotope experiment, and a heavy cosmic-ray nuclei experiment. The HEAO-3...
Topics: What -- HEAO 3, What -- Spectrometer, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1565
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph was taken at the Orbiter Enterprise installation, in its liftoff configuration, into the Marshall Space Flight Center Dynamic Test Stand for a Mated Vertical Ground Vibration Test (MVGVT).
Topics: What -- Enterprise, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1776
NASA Images
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Researchers at Marshall's Space Science Laboratory successfully demonstrate that linear arrays of Hall probes can be constructed in high Hall coefficient films and used to digitally image magnetic fields. This research is beneficial to visually imaging any magnetic field.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=453
Launched on June 20, 1996, the STS-78 mission?s primary payload was the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS), which was managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). During the 17 day space flight, the crew conducted a diverse slate of experiments divided into a mix of life science and microgravity investigations. In a manner very similar to future International Space Station operations, LMS researchers from the United States and their European counterparts shared resources such as crew...
Topics: What -- STS-78, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3635
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Onboard Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-94) Mission Specialist Donald A. Thomas observes an experiment in the glovebox aboard the Spacelab Science Module. Thomas is looking through an eye-piece of a camcorder and recording his observations on tape for post-flight analysis. Other cameras inside the glovebox are also recording other angles of the experiment or downlinking video to the experiment teams on the ground. The glovebox is thought of as a safety cabinet with closed front and negative...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-94
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=362
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Onboard Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-78) Mission Specialist Richard M. Lirnehan works out in the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS-1) Science Module. With an almost 17-day mission away from Earth's gravity, crew members maintained an exercise regimen above and beyond their assigned LMS-1 duty assignments.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-78
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=359
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Robert Richmond extracts breast cell tissue from one of two liquid nitrogen dewars. NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) is sponsoring research with Bioreactors, rotating wall vessels designed to grow tissue samples in space, to understand how breast cancer works. This ground-based work studies the growth and assembly of human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) from breast cancer susceptible tissue. Radiation can make the cells cancerous, thus allowing better comparisons of healthy vs....
Topics: What -- Cancer, Where -- Richmond, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=803
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Wake Shield Facility (WSF) is a free-flying research and development facility that is designed to use the pure vacuum of space to conduct scientific research in the development of new materials. The thin film materials technology developed by the WSF could some day lead to applications such as faster electronics components for computers.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=191
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Isothermal Containment Modules are the temperature-controlling carrier that BioServe built to carry Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (CGBA) and in the future, Space Automated Bioproduct Lab (SABL) to the International Space Station.
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=253
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Author of Rocket Boys Homer Hickam, Jr. (left) and Marshall Space Flight Center Director Art Stephenson during a conference at Morris Auditorium. Homer Hickam worked at MSFC during the Apollo project years. As a young man, Mr. Hickam always dreamed of becoming a rocket scientist and following in the footsteps fo Wernher von Braun. Years later he would see his dream realized and had written Rocket Boys commemorating his life and the people at MSFC.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=598
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's conception of the X-37 Demonstrator descending down left. As part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-37 flight experiment demonstrates advanced space transportation technologies through the use of flight experiments. These vehicles supported the Agency's goal of dramatically reducing the cost of access to space in attempt to define the future of space transportation. The X-37 program was discontinued in 2003.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2949
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Gerard M. Faeth, University of Michigan, principal investigator in combustion science experiments, including Flow/Soot-Formation in Nonbuoyant Laminar Diffusion Flames, investigation of Laminar Jet Diffusion Flames in Microgravity: A Paradigm for Soot Processes in Turbulent Flames, and Soot Processes in Freely-Propagating Laminar Premixed Flames.
Topic: Where -- Michigan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=832
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The potential for investigating combustion at the limits of flammability, and the implications for spacecraft fire safety, led to the Structures Of Flame Balls At Low Lewis-number (SOFBALL) experiment flown twice aboard the Space Shuttle in 1997. The success there led to reflight on STS-107 Research 1 mission plarned for 2002. All the combustion in a flame ball takes place in a razor-thin reaction zone that depends on diffusion to keep the ball alive. Such a fragile balance is impossible on...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-107, What -- Earth, Where -- California, Where -- Los...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2034
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Critical Viscosity of Xenon Experiment (CVX-2) on the STS-107 Research 1 mission in 2002 will measure the viscous behavior of xenon, a heavy inert gas used in flash lamps and ion rocket engines, at its critical point. The thermostat for CVX sits inside the white cylinder on a support structure (at left) that is placed inside a pressure canister. A similar canister (right) holds the electronics and control systems. The CVX-2 arrangement is identical. The principal investigator is Dr. Robert...
Topic: What -- STS-107
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2029
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Laminar Soot Processes (LSP) experiment under way during the Microgravity Sciences Lab-1 mission in 1997. LSP-2 will fly in the STS-107 Research 1 mission in 2001. The principal investigator is Dr. Gerard Faeth of the University of Michigan. LSP uses a small jet burner, similar to a classroom butane lighter, that produces flames up to 60 mm (2.3 in) long. Measurements include color TV cameras and a temperature sensor, and laser images whose darkness indicates the quantity of soot produced...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- TV Camera, Where -- Michigan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3111
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The rate of neutron flow is commonly referred to as a flux. The measurement of neutron fluxes in Skylab was the subject of a proposal by Terry Quist of San Antonio, Texas. This chart describes Quist's experiment, Neutron Analysis, Skylab student experiment ED-76. These measurements were considered important not only by NASA but also by the scientific community for four reasons. High energy neutrons can be harmful to human tissue if they are present in significant quantities. Fluxes of neutrons...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Texas, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1423
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The unpiloted Russian Progress 7 supply ship departs from the Zvezda Service Module's docking port on the International Space Station. Carrying its load of trash and urneeded equipment, it will be deorbited and burned up in the atmosphere. The undocking paves the way for the arrival of the new Progress 8, filled with fresh supplies. Soviet designers realized that long-duration missions in space would demand a constant supply of consumable materials from Earth. The cost-effective Progress...
Topics: What -- Progress 7, What -- Zvezda, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Progress 8,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2417
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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AiroCide Ti02, an anthrax-killing air scrubber manufactured by KES Science and Technology Inc., in Kernesaw, Georgia, looks like a square metal box when it is installed on an office wall. Its fans draw in airborne spores and airflow forces them through a maze of tubes. Inside, hydroxyl radicals (OH-) attack and kill pathogens. Most remaining spores are destroyed by high-energy ultraviolet photons. Building miniature greenhouses for experiments on the International Space Station (ISS) has led to...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Georgia, Where -- Wisconsin, Where -- Madison,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2231
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Water Mist commercial research program is scheduled to fly an investigation on STS-107 in 2002. This investigation will be flown as an Experimental Mounting Structure (EMS) insert into the updated Combustion Module (CM-2), a sophisticated combustion chamber plus diagnostic equipment. (The investigation hardware is shown here mounted in a non-flight frame similar to the EMS.) Water Mist is a commercial research program by the Center for Commercial Applications of Combustion in Space (CCACS),...
Topics: What -- STS-107, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2152
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Destined for the International Space Station (ISS), a Soyez TMA-1 spacecraft launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan on April 26, 2003. Aboard are Expedition Seven crew members, cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Expedition Seven mission commander, and Astronaut Edward T. Lu, Expedition Seven NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer. Expedition Six crew members returned to Earth aboard the Russian spacecraft after a 5 and 1/2 month stay aboard the ISS. Photo credit: NASA/Scott Andrews
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Kazakhstan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2723
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Test tubes to hold different types of fluids while in free-fall were among the student-designed items for the second Dropping in a Microgravity Environment (DIME) competition held April 23-25, 2002, at NASA's Glenn Research Center. Competitors included two teams from Sycamore High School, Cincinnati, OH, and one each from Bay High School, Bay Village, OH, and COSI Academy, Columbus, OH. DIME is part of NASA's education and outreach activities. Details are on line at...
Topics: Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC), Where -- Columbus
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3099
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Colored oil flow toy was part of a student-designed apparatus used in the second Dropping in a Microgravity Environment (DIME) competition held April 23-25, 2002, at NASA's Glenn Research Center. Competitors included two teams from Sycamore High School, Cincinnati, OH, and one each from Bay High School, Bay Village, OH, and COSI Academy, Columbus, OH. DIME is part of NASA's education and outreach activities. Details are on line at http://microgravity.grc.nasa.gov/DIME_2002.html.
Topics: Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC), Where -- Columbus
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3095
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the STS-102 mission crew insignia. The central image on the crew patch depicts the International Space Station (ISS) in the build configuration that it had at the time of the arrival and docking of Discovery during the STS-102 mission, the first crew exchange flight to the Space Station. The station is shown along the direction of the flight as was seen by the shuttle crew during their final approach and docking, the so-called V-bar approach. The names of the shuttle crew members are...
Topics: What -- STS-102, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Discovery, What -- Earth, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2847
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the crew insignia for STS-97 which delivered, assembled, and activated the U.S. electrical power system onboard the International Space Station (ISS). The electrical power system, which is built into a 47-foot integrated truss structure known as P6, consists of solar arrays, radiators, batteries, and electronics. P6 was prepared for subsequent deployments of larger solar arrays and radiator, a critical step in the activation of the electrical power system that will eventually provide...
Topics: What -- STS-97, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2918
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image hosts a look into the eye of Hurricane Ivan, one of the strongest hurricanes on record, as the storm approached landfall on the central Gulf coast Wednesday afternoon on September 15, 2004. The hurricane was photographed by astronaut Edward M. (Mike) Fincke from aboard the International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude of approximately 230 miles. At the time, sustained winds in the eye of the wall were reported at about 135 mph as the downgraded category 4 storm approached the...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3058
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image hosts a look at the eye of Hurricane Ivan, one of the strongest hurricanes on record, as the storm topped the western Caribbean Sea on Saturday, September 11, 2004. The hurricane was photographed by astronaut Edward M. (Mike) Fincke from aboard the International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude of approximately 230 miles. At the time, the category 5 storm sustained winds in the eye of the wall that were reported at about 160 mph. Crew Earth Observations record Earth surface changes...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Caribbean Sea
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3057
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The main objective of the STS-100 mission, the sixth International Space Station (ISS) assembly flight, was the delivery and installation of the Canadian-built Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS). The crew patch reflects the complex interaction of robotics and extravehicular activity on the mission. Framed by an EVA helmet, the SSRMS is shown below the visor. Reflected in the visor is the Space Shuttle Endeavour, with the ISS rising above the horizon at orbital sunrise. American,...
Topics: What -- STS-100, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2859
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Launched on July 26, 2005 from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, STS-114 was classified as Logistics Flight 1. Among the Station-related activities of the mission were the delivery of new supplies and the replacement of one of the orbital outpost's Control Moment Gyroscopes (CMGs). STS-114 also carried the Raffaello Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) and the External Stowage Platform-2. In this photograph, astronaut Soichi Noguchi, STS-114 mission specialist representing the Japan...
Topics: Who -- Soichi Noguchi, What -- STS-114, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Where -- Florida,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3406
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Chosen to power the upper stages of the new Ares I Crew Launch Vehicle (CLV) and the Ares V cargo segment, the J-2X engine is a stepped up version of the hydrogen/oxygen-fuelled Apollo-era J-2 engine. It was developed for NASA by Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne (PWR), a business unit of United Technologies Corporation of Canoga Park, California. As seen in this photograph, the engine underwent a series of hot fire tests, performed on sub scale main injector hardware in the Test Stand 116 at...
Topics: What -- Ares Launch Vehicles, Where -- California, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3929
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Signifying the continuing assembly of the International Space Station (ISS), the STS-116 crew patch depicts the space shuttle rising above the Earth and the ISS. The United States and Swedish flags trail the orbiter, depicting the international composition of the STS-116 crew. The seven stars of the constellation Ursa Major are used to provide direction to the North Star, which is superimposed over the installation location of the P5 truss on ISS.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-116, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3918
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A Drop Tube is a long vertical shaft used for dropping experiment packages, enabling them to achieve microgravity through freefall.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=79
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In August 2001, principal investigator Jeanne Becker sent human ovarian tumor cells to the International Space Station (ISS) aboard the STS-105 mission. The tumor cells were cultured in microgravity for a 14 day growth period and were analyzed for changes in the rate of cell growth and synthesis of associated proteins. In addition, they were evaluated for the expression of several proteins that are the products of oncogenes, which cause the transformation of normal cells into cancer cells. This...
Topics: Who -- Frank Culbertson, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-105, What -- Cancer
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3962
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This in an aerial view (looking east) of a Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV), often referred to as ?Moonbuggy?, simulator area built at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) where testing was performed. The LRV was developed under the direction of MSFC to provide astronauts with greater mobility on the lunar surface. Visible in the background is the 18-acre facility known as the Random Motion/ Lift-Off Simulator or ?Arm Farm? which was developed to test the Saturn swingarm mechanisms that were used...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3331
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Apollo 8 astronauts and commanding officer of the recovery ship U.S.S. Yorktown walk the red carpet of the flight deck after splashdown recovery in the Pacific Ocean. Apollo 8 served as the first manned lunar orbit mission and the first manned flight of the Saturn V space vehicle, developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Liftoff occurred on December 21, 1968, carrying astronauts Frank Borman, commander; William Anders, Lunar Module (LM) Pilot; and James Lovell, Command Module (CM)...
Topics: Who -- Frank Borman, Who -- William Anders, What -- Apollo 8, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4134
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The crew assigned to the STS-61A mission included (front row left to right) Reinhard Furrer, German payload specialist; Bonnie J. Dunbar, mission specialist; and Henry W. Hartsfield, Jr. commander. On the back row, left to right, are Steven R. Nagel, pilot; Guion S. Bluford, mission specialist; Ernst Messerscmid, German payload specialist; and Wubbo J. Ockels, Dutch payload specialist. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger on October 30, 1985 at 12:00:00 noon (EST), the STS-61A mission?s...
Topics: Who -- Reinhard Furrer, Who -- Bonnie J. Dunbar, Who -- Steven R. Nagel, What -- STS-61, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3549
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The Redstone Test Stand, shown here, was used throughout the 1950s to test the Redstone missionile, including the modified Redstone that launched America's first astronaut, Alan Shepard. The U. S. Department of the Interior's Park Services designated the Test Stand as a National Historic Landmark January 22, 1986.
Topics: Who -- Alan B. Shepard, Jr., Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=285
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Engineers test-fire Development Motor-8 at Thiokol's Utah facility, the first time all the changes in the Redesigned Solid Rocket Motor had been test-fired together. The redesign of the Shuttle's Solid Rocket Motor resulted from the January 28, 1986 Challenger accident. The Marshall Space Flight Center had management responsibility of Space Shuttle propulsion elements, including the Solid Rocket Booster.
Topics: What -- Challenger, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Utah, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=298
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The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) pictured in the Vertical Processing Facility (VPF) support fixture during final testing and verification at the Lockheed assembly plant.
Topic: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1613
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Orbital Documentation of Porcine Elastase grown in (PCG) Protein Crystal Growth (RIM) Refrigerator Incubator Module
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=19
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The 5 member crew of the STS-41 mission included (left to right): Bruce E. Melnick, mission specialist 2; Robert D. Cabana, pilot; Thomas D. Akers, mission specialist 3; Richard N. Richards, commander; and William M. Shepherd, mission specialist 1. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on October 6, 1990 at 7:47:15 am (EDT), the primary payload for the mission was the ESA built Ulysses Space Craft made to explore the polar regions of the Sun. Other main payloads and experiments included...
Topics: Who -- Richard N. Richards, What -- STS-4, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3477
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Marshall scientist practices assembling the solar panel array for the space station during the Collector Panel Assembly Test (COPAT) at Marshall's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=410
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Onboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia (STS-35), the various components of the Astro-1 payload are seen backdropped against dark space. Parts of the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope (HUT), Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT), and the Wisconsin Ultraviolet Photo-Polarimetry Experiment (WUPPE) are visible on the Spacelab pallet. The Broad-Band X-Ray Telescope (BBXRT) is behind the pallet and is not visible in this scene. The smaller cylinder in the foreground is the igloo. The igloo was a...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Astro 1, Where -- Wisconsin, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2279
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The STS-39 crew portrait includes 7 astronauts. Pictured are Charles L. Veach, mission specialist 5; Michael L. Coats, commander; Gregory J. Harbaugh, mission specialist 2; Donald R. McMonagle, mission specialist 4; L. Blaine Hammond, pilot; Richard J. Hieb, mission specialist 3; and Guion S. Buford, Jr., mission specialist 1. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on April 28, 1991 at 7:33:14 am (EDT), STS-39 was a Department of Defense (DOD) mission. The primary unclassified payload...
Topics: Who -- Michael L. Coats, What -- STS-39, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3469
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A Titan booster launched the Gemini 8 spacecraft on March 16, 1966 from launch complex 19 Cape Kennedy, Florida. The flight crew for the 3 day mission, astronauts Neil A. Armstrong and David R. Scott, achieved the first rendezvous and docking to Atlas/Agena in Earth orbit.
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- David R. Scott, What -- Titan, What -- Gemini 8, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3373
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In 1696, Robert Anderson, an Englishman, published a two-part treatise on how to make rocket molds, prepare propellants, and perform the calculations.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1872
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STS-42, Viewing earth with lots of snow, partial view of IML-1 (International Microgravity Laboratory) in cargo bay.
Topics: What -- STS-4, What -- Earth, What -- IML 1
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=44
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STS-49, the first flight of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour, lifted off from launch pad 39B on May 7, 1992 at 6:40 pm CDT. The STS-49 mission was the first U.S. orbital flight to feature 4 extravehicular activities (EVAs), and the first flight to involve 3 crew members working simultaneously outside of the spacecraft. The primary objective was the capture and redeployment of the INTELSAT VI (F-3), a communication satellite for the International Telecommunication Satellite organization,...
Topics: What -- STS-49, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- Titan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3668
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On the 500th arniversary of Christopher Columbus' discovery of the New World, replicas of his three ships sailed past the launch pad at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) while the space shuttle Columbia sat poised for lift off.
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, Where -- Columbus, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=473
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Astronaut Mark Lee participates in the Nitrox breathing system test in Marshall's Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS).
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=377
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The crew assigned to the STS-66 mission included (left to right) Jean-Francois Clervoy, mission specialist; Scott E. Parazynski, mission specialist; Curtis L. Brown, pilot; Joseph R. Tanner, mission specialist; Donald R. McMonagle, commander; and Ellen S. Ochoa, payload commander. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis on November 3, 1994 at 11:59:43 am (EST), the STS-66 mission?s primary payloads were the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science-3 (ATLAS-3) and Cryogenic...
Topics: What -- STS-66, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- Atlas 3, What -- Infrared...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3562
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Backdropped against the Earth, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST)is shown sporting new and modified solar arrays stowed against its barrel. Orbiting Earth at an altitude of 325 nautical miles, an astronaut begins other repairs of the HST while perched atop a foot restraint on shuttle Endeavour's remote manipulator system arm. The 59th and final Shuttle flight of 1993 was one of most challenging and complex marned missions ever attempted. During record five back-to-back space walks totaling 35...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-61
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2549
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This is an artist's concept of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), formerly Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), fully developed in orbit in a star field with Earth. In 1999, the AXAF was renamed the CXO in honor of the late Indian-American Novel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The CXO is the most sophisticated and the world's most powerful x-ray telescope ever built. It is designed to observe x-rays from high energy regions of the Universe, such as hot gas in the renmants of...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Visible Light, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1979
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The crew assigned to the STS-77 mission included (seated left to right) Curtis L. Brown, pilot; and John H. Casper, commander. Standing, left to right, are mission specialists Daniel W. Bursch, Mario Runco, Marc Garneau (CSA), and Andrew S. W. Thomas. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour on May 19, 1996 at 6:30:00 am (EDT), the STS-77 mission carried three primary payloads; the SPACEHAB-4 pressurized research module, the Inflatable Antenna Experiment (IAE) mounted on a Spartan 207...
Topics: Who -- Mario Runco, Who -- Marc Garneau, What -- STS-77, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3584
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Two versions of (PCAM) Protein Crystallization Apparatus for Microgravity, (DCAM) Diffusion Controled Crystallization Apparatus is in the (STES) Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System. Principal Investigator was Dan Carter.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=36
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STS-75 Shuttle Columbia Launch
Topics: What -- STS-75, What -- Columbia
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=66
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The Advanced Space Transportation Group takes the future of space travel far into the 21st Century. Pictured is an artist's concept of a third generation Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV). Projected for the year 2025, this third generation RLV will introduce an era of space travel not unlike air travel today.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=575
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The Mars Pathfinder began the journey to Mars with liftoff atop a Delta II expendable launch vehicle from launch Complex 17B on Cape Canaveral Air Station. The Mars Pathfinder traveled on a direct trajectory to Mars, and arrived there in July 1997. Mars Pathfinder sent a lander and small robotic rover, Sojourner, to the surface of Mars. The primary objective of the mission was to demonstrate a low-cost way of delivering a science package to the surface of Mars using a direct entry, descent and...
Topic: What -- Mars
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=631
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Workers at the Jet Propulsion Research Lab (JPL) in the Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility (PHSF) prepare the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft for transfer to the launch pad by placing it in a protective canister. The Surveyor spacecraft (upper) is already mated to its solid propellant upper stage booster (lower), which is actually the third stage of the Delta II expendable launch vehicle that will propel the spacecraft on its interplanetary journey to Mars.
Topics: What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars, Where -- Jet Propulsion...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=441
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Astronauts Jim Reilly and Bornie Dunbar are going through the Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) experiment procedures as they are expected to run in flight; to gain experience with the experiment equipment and to test the clarity and language of the procedures as written.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=241
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Astronaut Donald Thomas conducts the Fertilization and Embryonic Development of Japanese Newt in Space (AstroNewt) experiment at the Aquatic Animal Experiment Unit (AAEU) inside the International Microgravity Laboratory-2 (IML-2) science module. The AstroNewt experiment aims to know the effects of gravity on the early developmental process of fertilized eggs using a unique aquatic animal, the Japanese red-bellied newt. The newt egg is a large single cell at the begirning of development. The...
Topics: Who -- Donald Thomas, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- IML 2, What -- STS-65, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2381
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Karen Swofford working on Aerogel Syringe Assemblies loading process into mixing carriages of the Aerogel Flight Unit.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=176
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The Ring Flame Stabilizer has been developed in conjunction with Lewis Research Center. This device can lower pollutant emissions (which contribute to smog and air pollution) from natural-gas appliances such as furnaces and water heaters by 90 percent while improving energy efficiency by 2 percent.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=201
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Both (Porcine and bacterial) starch degrading enzymes highly valued by the biotechnology industry. (Porcine) A major target for protein engineering and the study of diabetes, obesity and dental care. (Bacterial) Major industrial and biotechnology interest used in brewing, baking, and food processing. World's number one industrial protein.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=231