Skip to main content

Marshall Space Flight Center Collection



rss RSS
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
SHOW DETAILS
up-solid down-solid
eye
Title
Date Archived
Creator
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 31

favorite 0

comment 0

Destined for the International Space Station (ISS), a Soyez TMA-1 spacecraft launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan on April 26, 2003. Aboard are Expedition Seven crew members, cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Expedition Seven mission commander, and Astronaut Edward T. Lu, Expedition Seven NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer. Expedition Six crew members returned to Earth aboard the Russian spacecraft after a 5 and 1/2 month stay aboard the ISS. Photo credit: NASA/Scott Andrews
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Kazakhstan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2723
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 41

favorite 0

comment 0

The Avian Development Facility (ADF) supports 36 eggs in two carousels, one of which rotates to provide a 1-g control for comparing to eggs grown in microgravity. The ADF was designed to incubate up to 36 Japanese quail eggs, 18 in microgravity and 18 in artificial gravity. The two sets of eggs were exposed to otherwise identical conditions, the first time this is been accomplished in space. Eggs are preserved at intervals to provide snapshots of their development for later analysis. Quails...
Topic: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2680
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 43

favorite 0

comment 0

One of the final runs of the TEMPUS experiment shows heating of a sample on STS-94, July 15, 1997, MET:14/11:01 (approximate) and the flows on the surface. At the point this image was taken, the sample was in the process of melting. The surface of the sample is begirning to flow, looking like the motion of plate tectonics on the surface of a planet. During this mission, TEMPUS was able to run than 120 melting cycles with zirconium, with a maximum temperature of 2,000 degrees C, and was able to...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- Earth, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2671
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 89

favorite 0

comment 0

The Phantom Torso is a tissue-muscle plastic anatomical model of a torso and head. It contains over 350 radiation measuring devices to calculate the radiation that penetrates internal organs in space travel. The Phantom Torso is one of three radiation experiments in Expedition Two including the Borner Ball Neutron Detector and Dosimetric Mapping.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2890
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 40

favorite 0

comment 0

Aboard the International Space Station (ISS), Expedition Seven crew members, Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, and Astronaut Edward T. Lu, had an outstanding opportunity to observe tropical storm Claudette as she turned into a hurricane and came ashore to their Houston home and other Texas areas. The storm produced winds of 80-85 mph gusting to 104 mph.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Opportunity, Where -- Texas
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2741
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 71

favorite 1

comment 0

This video was taken from the first flight of the TEMPUS electromagnetic levitation furnace on the International Microgravity Laboratory-2 (STS-65, July 8-23, 1994). This view is from the furnace's upper camera and shows a sample glowing as it melts. TEMPUS (stands for Tiegelfreies Elektromagnetisches Prozessiere unter Schwerelosigkeit (containerless electromagnetic processing under weightlessness). It was developed by the German Space Agency (DARA) for flight aboard Spacelab. The DARA project...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-65, What -- STS-94
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2673
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 61

favorite 0

comment 0

The Droplet Combustion Experiment (DCE) was designed to investigate the fundamental combustion aspects of single, isolated droplets under different pressures and ambient oxygen concentrations for a range of droplet sizes varying between 2 and 5 mm. The DCE principal investigator was Forman Williams, University of California, San Diego. The experiment was part of the space research investigations conducted during the Microgravity Science Laboratory-1R mission (STS-94, July 1-17 1997). Advanced...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2645
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 64

favorite 0

comment 0

Lining the walls of the Space Station Processing Facility at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) are the launch awaiting U.S. Node 2 (lower left). and the first pressurized module of the Japanese Experimental Module (JEM) (upper right), named "Kibo" (Hope). Node 2, the "utility hub" and second of three connectors between International Space Station (ISS) modules, was built in the Torino, Italy facility of Alenia Spazio, an International contractor based in Rome. Japan's major...
Topics: What -- Japanese Experiment Module (Kibo), What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2734
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 55

favorite 0

comment 0

Echocardiography uses sound waves to image the heart and other organs. Developing a compact version of the latest technology improved the ease of monitoring crew member health, a critical task during long space flights. NASA researchers plan to adapt the three-dimensional (3-D) echocardiogram for space flight. The two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiogram utilized in orbit on the International Space Station (ISS) was effective, but difficult to use with precision. A heart image from a 2-D...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3967
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 134

favorite 1

comment 0

Anthrax spores are inactive forms of Bacillus anthracis. They can survive for decades inside a spore's tough protective coating; they become active when inhaled by humans. A result of NASA- and industry-sponsored research to develop small greenhouses for space research is the unique AiroCide TiO2 system that kills anthrax spores and other pathogens.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2694
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 223

favorite 1

comment 0

The blueprint of life, DNA's double helix is found in the cells of everything from bacteria to astronauts. Exposure to radiation(depicted at right) such as X-rays (upper) or heavy ion particles (lower), can damage DNA and cause dire consequences both to the organism itself and to future generations. One of NASA's main goals is to develop better radiation shielding materials to protect astronauts from destructive radiation in space. This is particularly important for long space missions. NASA...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2698
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 51

favorite 0

comment 0

Fuel ignites and burns in the Droplet Combustion Experiment (DCE) on STS-94 on July 11, 1997. This round of experiments burned heptane droplets in 1/2 atmosphere pressure consisting of oxygen and helium. During this mission, scientists have seen for the first time droplets which stop burning due to heat loss by radiation. From these data, the investigators hope to understand the physical and chemical processes that take place in droplet combustion in different environments, including conditions...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2651
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 53

favorite 0

comment 0

The space vehicle for Gravity Probe B (GP-B) arrives at the launch site at Vandenburg Air Force Base. GP-B is the relativity experiment being developed at Stanford University to test two extraordinary predictions of Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity. The experiment will measure, very precisely, the expected tiny changes in the direction of the spin axes of four gyroscopes contained in an Earth-orbiting satellite at a 400-mile altitude. So free are the gyroscopes from disturbance...
Topics: What -- Gravity Probe B, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2740
NASA Images
image

eye 51

favorite 0

comment 0

Aboard the International Space Station (ISS), the Tissue Culture Module (TCM) is the stationary bioreactor vessel in which cell cultures grow. However, for the Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems-Fluid Dynamics Investigation (CBOSS-FDI), color polystyrene beads are used to measure the effectiveness of various mixing procedures. Uniform mixing is a crucial component of CBOSS experiments involving the immune response of human lymphoid cell suspensions. In this picture, the beads are...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3964
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 58

favorite 0

comment 1

In this International Space Station (ISS) onboard photo, Expedition Six Science Officer Donald R. Pettit works to set up the Pulmonary Function in Flight (PuFF) experiment hardware in the Destiny Laboratory. Expedition Six is the fourth and final crew to perform the PuFF experiment. The PuFF experiment was developed to better understand what effects long term exposure to microgravity may have on the lungs. The focus is on measuring changes in the everness of gas exchange in the lungs, and on...
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Destiny
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2574
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 107

favorite 0

comment 0

In honor of the Centernial of Flight Celebration and commissioned by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), a team of engineers from Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) built a replica of the first liquid-fueled rocket. The original rocket, designed and built by rocket engineering pioneer Robert H. Goddard in 1926, opened the door to modern rocketry. Goddard's rocket reached an altitude of 41 feet while its flight lasted only 2.5 seconds. The Marshall design team's plan...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2758
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 39

favorite 0

comment 0

The short-arm centrifuge subjects an astronaut to conflicting sensory input and study the astronaut's perception of motion. It is one of several instruments used in the Spatial Reorientation Following Space Flight investigation to be conducted on crewmembers. During space flight, the vestibular organs no longer respond in a familiar way. Instead, inputs from the irner ear do not match those coming from the eyes. While on Earth, you can open your eyes to see if you truly are spinning, but...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2636
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 54

favorite 0

comment 0

This photo (a frontal view) is of one of many segments of the Eastman-Kodak mirror assembly being tested for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) project at the X-Ray Calibration Facility at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). MSFC is supporting Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) in developing the JWST by taking numerous measurements to predict its future performance. The tests are conducted in a vacuum chamber cooled to approximate the super cold temperatures found in space. During its 27...
Topics: Who -- James E. Webb, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Constellation, What -- Imager,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2688
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 41

favorite 0

comment 0

Cadmium selenium Quantum Dots (QDs) are metal nanoparticles that fluoresce in a variety of colors determined by their size. QDs are solid state structures made of semiconductors or metals that confine a countable, small number of electrons into a small space. The confinement of electrons is achieved by the placement of some insulating material(s) around a central, well conducted region. Coupling QDs with antibodies can be used to make spectrally multiplexed immunoassays that test for a number...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3906
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 62

favorite 1

comment 0

NASA?s Virtual Glovebox (VGX) was developed to allow astronauts on Earth to train for complex biology research tasks in space. The astronauts may reach into the virtual environment, naturally manipulating specimens, tools, equipment, and accessories in a simulated microgravity environment as they would do in space. Such virtual reality technology also provides engineers and space operations staff with rapid prototyping, planning, and human performance modeling capabilities. Other Earth based...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3960
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 51

favorite 0

comment 0

Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit photographed a cube shaped wire frame supporting a thin film made from a water-soap solution during his Saturday Morning Science aboard the International Space Station?s (ISS) Destiny Laboratory. Food coloring was added to several faces to observe the effects of diffusion within the film.
Topics: What -- WIRE, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Destiny
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3905
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 41

favorite 0

comment 0

Expedition Six Commander Ken Bowersox spins Zeolite Crystal Growth sample tubes to eliminate bubbles that could affect crystal formation in preparation of a 15 day experiment aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Zeolites are hard as rock, yet are able to absorb liquids and gases like a sponge. By using the ISS microgravity environment to grow better, larger crystals, NASA and its commercial partners hope to improve petroleum manufacturing and other processes.
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2603
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 67

favorite 0

comment 0

This artist's concept portrays the plan for the new Engineering Directorate office to be constructed at the Marshall Space Flight Center. The first of several new buildings to be constructed as replacements for older Center facilities, the 5-story, 139,000-square-foot building will house approximately 500 current Marshall employees that provide development and research engineering services for the Marshall Center. Ground breaking ceremonies took place on June 10, 2003 at the construction site,...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Georgia
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2720
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 65

favorite 0

comment 0

Astronaut Donald R. Pettit, Expedition Six NASA ISS science officer, photographed this view of a surface tension demonstration using water that is held in place by a metal loop. The experiment took place in the Destiny laboratory on the International Space Station (ISS). The Expedition Six crew was delivered to the station via the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavor STS-113 mission which was launched on November 23, 2002.
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2604
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 64

favorite 0

comment 0

Experiments to seek solutions for a range of biomedical issues are at the heart of several investigations that will be hosted by the Commercial Instrumentation Technology Associates (ITA), Inc. The biomedical experiments CIBX-2 payload is unique, encompassing more than 20 separate experiments including cancer research, commercial experiments, and student hands-on experiments from 10 schools as part of ITA's ongoing University Among the stars program. Here, Astronaut Story Musgrave activates the...
Topics: Who -- Story Musgrave, What -- Cancer, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-80
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2763
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 48

favorite 0

comment 0

Experiments to seek solutions for a range of biomedical issues are at the heart of several investigations that will be hosted by the Commercial Instrumentation Technology Associates (ITA), Inc. Biomedical Experiments (CIBX-2) payload. CIBX-2 is unique, encompassing more than 20 separate experiments including cancer research, commercial experiments, and student hands-on experiments from 10 schools as part of ITA's ongoing University Among the Stars program. This drawing depicts a cross-section...
Topic: What -- Cancer
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2639
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 233

favorite 1

comment 0

ProVision Technologies, a NASA research partnership center at Sternis Space Center in Mississippi, has developed a new hyperspectral imaging (HSI) system that is much smaller than the original large units used aboard remote sensing aircraft and satellites. The new apparatus is about the size of a breadbox. Health-related applications of HSI include non-invasive analysis of human skin to characterize wounds and wound healing rates (especially important for space travelers who heal more slowly),...
Topic: Where -- Mississippi
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2700
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 69

favorite 1

comment 0

Fuel ignites and burns in the Droplet Combustion Experiment (DCE) on STS-94 on July 4 1997, MET:2/05:40 (approximate). The DCE was designed to investigate the fundamental combustion aspects of single, isolated droplets under different pressures and ambient oxygen concentrations for a range of droplet sizes varying between 2 and 5 mm. DCE used various fuels -- in drops ranging from 1 mm (0.04 inches) to 5 mm (0.2 inches) -- and mixtures of oxidizers and inert gases to learn more about the...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2647
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 69

favorite 0

comment 0

Expedition 6 commander, Ken Bowersox, jogs on a treadmill in the Zvezda service module aboard the International Space Station (ISS). To obtain data for the FOOT experiment, short for Foot Reaction Forces During Space flight, Bowersox is wearing the Lower Extremity Monitoring suit. The suit was designed to measure stress on lower extremity bones and muscles during everyday activities. In microgravity, stress on the bones and muscles of the legs and feet is greatly reduced compared with stress...
Topics: What -- Zvezda, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3902
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 285

favorite 0

comment 0

Astronaut Kalpana Chawla, STS-107 mission specialist is shown keeping up with the brisk stream of science data in the SPACEHAB Research Double Module aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia. Launched January 16, 2003, the STS-107 mission is strictly a multidiscipline microgravity and Earth science research mission involving 80-plus International experiments to be performed during 16-days, many of which will be managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The majority of...
Topics: Who -- Kalpana Chawla, What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2573
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 59

favorite 0

comment 0

The National Space Science and Technology Center (NSSTC), located in Huntsville, Alabama, is a laboratory for cutting-edge research in selected scientific and engineering disciplines. The major objectives of the NSSTC are to provide multiple fields of expertise coming together to solve solutions to science and technology problems, and gaining recognition as a world-class science research organization. The center, opened in August 2000, focuses on space science, Earth sciences, information...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2627
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 96

favorite 1

comment 0

A clear blue sky hosts the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia STS-107 mission as it hurtles toward space from launch pad 39A at Kennedy Space Center on January 16, 2003. The 28th Columbia flight and 113th overall flight in NASA's Space Shuttle program, STS-107 is a multidiscipline microgravity and Earth science research mission involving 80-plus International experiments to be performed by a crew of seven during the 16-day mission. The breadth of science conducted on this mission will have...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, What -- Earth, Where -- Kennedy...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2580
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 40

favorite 0

comment 0

On Earth when scientists melt metals, bubbles that form in the molten material can rise to the surface, pop and disappear. In microgravity -- the near-weightless environment created as the International Space Station orbits Earth -- the lighter bubbles do not rise and disappear. Prior space experiments have shown that bubbles often become trapped in the final metal or crystal sample -similar to the bubbles trapped in this sample. In the solid, these bubbles, or porosity, are defects that...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2678
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 62

favorite 0

comment 0

This image depicts the formation of multiple whirlpools in a sodium gas cloud. Scientists who cooled the cloud and made it spin created the whirlpools in a Massachusetts Institute of Technology laboratory, as part of NASA-funded research. This process is similar to a phenomenon called starquakes that appear as glitches in the rotation of pulsars in space. MIT's Wolgang Ketterle and his colleagues, who conducted the research under a grant from the Biological and Physical Research Program through...
Topics: What -- Beam, Where -- Massachusetts, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2893
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 56

favorite 0

comment 0

The Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) pressure module is removed from its shipping crate and moved across the floor of the Space Station Processing Facility at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) to a work stand. A research laboratory, the pressurized module is the first element of the JEM, named "Kibo" (Hope) to arrive at KSC. Japan's primary contribution to the International Space Station, the module will enhance unique research capabilities of the orbiting complex by providing an additional...
Topics: What -- Japanese Experiment Module (Kibo), What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2742
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 77

favorite 0

comment 0

This is the insignia for the STS-107 mission which is a multidiscipline microgravity and Earth science research mission involving 80-plus International experiments to be performed by a crew of seven during the 16-day mission. The breadth of science conducted on this mission will have widespread benefits to life on Earth. Many of the experiments will be managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The first shuttle mission in 2003, the STS-107 mission launched January 16,...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2581
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 67

favorite 0

comment 0

This Expedition Seven image, taken while aboard the International Space Station (ISS), shows the limb of the Earth at the bottom transitioning into the orange-colored stratosphere, the lowest and most dense portion of the Earth's atmosphere. The troposphere ends abruptly at the tropopause, which appears in the image as the sharp boundary between the orange- and blue-colored atmosphere. The silvery blue noctilucent clouds extend far above the Earth's troposphere. The silver of the setting moon...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, What -- Moon
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2753
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 104

favorite 1

comment 0

This photo is an overall view of the Mission Control Center in Korolev, Russia during the Expedition Seven mission. The Expedition Seven crew launched aboard a Soyez spacecraft on April 26, 2003. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls
Topic: Where -- Russia
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2718
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 42

favorite 0

comment 0

Dr. Richard Grugel, a materials scientist at NASA's Marshall Space Flight in Huntsville, Ala., examines the furnace used to conduct his Pore Formation and Mobility Investigation -- one of the first two materials science experiments to be conducted on the International Space Station. This experiment studies materials processes similar to those used to make components used in jet engines. Grugel's furnace was installed in the Microgravity Science Glovebox through the circular port on the side. In...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2676
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 61

favorite 0

comment 0

ProVision Technologies, a NASA research partnership center at Sternis Space Center in Mississippi, has developed a new hyperspectral imaging (HSI) system that is much smaller than the original large units used aboard remote sensing aircraft and satellites. The new apparatus is about the size of a breadbox. Health-related applications of HSI include scanning chickens during processing to help prevent contaminated food from getting to the table. ProVision is working with Sanderson Farms of...
Topic: Where -- Mississippi
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2709
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 110

favorite 0

comment 0

This is a close-up of the NASA-sponsored Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE) Satellite. The SORCE mission, launched aboard a Pegasus rocket January 25, 2003, will provide state of the art measurements of incoming x-ray, ultraviolet, visible, near-infrared, and total solar radiation. Critical to studies of the Sun and its effect on our Earth system and mankind, SORCE will provide measurements that specifically address long-term climate change, natural variability and enhanced climate...
Topics: What -- SORCE, What -- Pegasus, What -- Sun, What -- Earth, What -- SIM
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2597
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 53

favorite 0

comment 0

This emblem represents the eighth long-duration expedition to the International Space Station (ISS). The figure eight barner encircling the Earth combines the flags of the Nations represented by the two man crew. The ISS is portrayed above the Earth in its completed configuration. The names of the crew members, Michael Foale of the United States, and Alexander Kaleri of Russia, flank the outer border.
Topics: Who -- Michael Foale, Who -- Alexander Kaleri, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2768
NASA Images
image

eye 43

favorite 1

comment 0

Aboard the International Space Station (ISS), the Tissue Culture Module (TCM) is the stationary bioreactor vessel in which cell cultures grow. However, for the Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems-Fluid Dynamics Investigation (CBOSS-FDI), color polystyrene beads are used to measure the effectiveness of various mixing procedures. The beads are similar in size and density to human lymphoid cells. Uniform mixing is a crucial component of CBOSS experiments involving the immune response...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3965
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 156

favorite 0

comment 0

Dr. Weijia Zhou, director of the Wisconsin Center for Space Automation and Robotics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, inspects the Advanced Astroculture(tm) plant growth unit before its first flight last spring. Coating technology is used inside the miniature plant greenhouse to remove ethylene, a chemical produced by plant leaves that can cause plants to mature too quickly. This same coating technology is used in a new anthrax-killing device. The Space Station experiment is managed by...
Topics: Where -- Wisconsin, Where -- Madison, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Des...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2888
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 57

favorite 0

comment 0

The Fiber-Supported Droplet Combustion (FSDC) experiment team got more than twice as many burns have been completed as were originally scheduled for STS-95. This image was taken July 12, 1997, MET:10/08:13 (approximate). As shown here, scientists were able to burn two droplets side by side, more closely mimicking behavior of burning fuel in an engine. This shows ignition of a single drop that subsequently burned while a fan blew through the chamber, giving the scientists data on burning with...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- MSL 1, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2655
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 75

favorite 0

comment 0

These banana-shaped loops are part of a computer-generated snapshot of our sun's magnetic field. The solar magnetic-field lines loop through the sun's corona, break through the sun's surface, and cornect regions of magnetic activity, such as sunspots. This image --part of a magnetic-field study of the sun by NASA's Allen Gary -- shows the outer portion (skins) of interconnecting systems of hot (2 million degrees Kelvin) coronal loops within and between two active magnetic regions on opposite...
Topics: What -- Snapshot, What -- Sun
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2717
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 36

favorite 0

comment 0

This is a portrait of the Expedition-8 two man crew. Pictured left is Cosmonaut Alexander Y, Kaleri, Soyuz Commander and flight engineer; and Michael C. Foale (right), Expedition-8 Mission Commander and NASA ISS Science Officer. The crew posed for this portrait while training at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City, Russia. The two were launched for the International Space Station (ISS) aboard a Soyuz TMA-3 spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, along with European...
Topics: Who -- Pedro Duque, What -- SOYUZ TMA 3, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2767
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 62

favorite 0

comment 0

This photograph depicts one of over thirty tests conducted on the Vortex Combustion Chamber Engine at Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) test stand 115, a joint effort between NASA's MSFC and the U.S. Army AMCOM of Redstone Arsenal. The engine tests were conducted to evaluate an irnovative, "self-cooled", vortex combustion chamber, which relies on tangentially injected propellants from the chamber wall producing centrifugal forces that keep the relatively cold liquid propellants...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2629
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 146

favorite 1

comment 0

This Photo, which appeared on the July cover of `Physics Today', is of the Electrostatic Levitator (ESL) at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The ESL uses static electricity to suspend an object (about 3-4 mm in diameter) inside a vacuum chamber allowing scientists to record a wide range of physical properties without the sample contracting the container or any instruments, conditions that would alter the readings. Once inside the chamber, a laser heats the sample until it melts. The...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2739
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 304

favorite 5

comment 0

The razor sharp eye of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) easily resolves the Sombrero galaxy, Messier 104 (M104). 50,000 light-years across, the galaxy is located 28 million light-years from Earth at the southern edge of the rich Virgo cluster of galaxies. Equivalent to 800 billion suns, Sombrero is one of the most massive objects in that group. The hallmark of Sombrero is a brilliant white, bulbous core encircled by the thick dust lanes comprising the spiral structure of the galaxy. As seen...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Earth, What -- Virgo, What -- Sun, Where -- Sombrero...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3937
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 58

favorite 0

comment 0

Still photographs taken over 16 hours on Nov. 13, 2001, on the International Space Station have been condensed into a few seconds to show the de-mixing -- or phase separation -- process studied by the Experiment on Physics of Colloids in Space. Commanded from the ground, dozens of similar tests have been conducted since the experiment arrived on ISS in 2000. The sample is a mix of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA or acrylic) colloids, polystyrene polymers and solvents. The circular area is 2 cm...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2702
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 78

favorite 1

comment 0

The stimulus of gravity affects RNA production, which helps maintain the strength of human muscles on Earth (top), as seen in this section of muscle fiber taken from an astronaut before spaceflight. Astronauts in orbit and patients on Earth fighting muscle-wasting diseases need countermeasures to prevent muscle atrophy, indicated here with white lipid droplets (bottom) in the muscle sample taken from the same astronaut after spaceflight. Kerneth Baldwin of the University of California, Irvine,...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2701
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 75

favorite 1

comment 0

This is an artist's concept of the kerosene-fueled RS-84 engine, one of several technologies competing to power NASA's next generation of launch vehicles. The RS-84 has successfully completed its preliminary design review as a reusable, liquid kerosene booster engine that will deliver a thrust level of 1 million pounds of force. The preliminary design review is a lengthy technical analysis that evaluates engine design according to stringent system requirements. The review ensures development is...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2749
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 42

favorite 0

comment 0

Study of the downlink data from the Laminar Soot Processes (LSP) experiment quickly resulted in discovery of a new mechanism of flame extinction caused by radiation of soot. Scientists found that the flames emit soot sooner than expected. These findings have direct impact on spacecraft fire safety, as well as the theories predicting the formation of soot -- which is a major factor as a pollutant and in the spread of unwanted fires. This sequence was taken July 15, 1997, MET:14/10:34...
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- STS-107, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Michigan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2661
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 42

favorite 0

comment 0

Quail eggs are small (shown here with a quarter for scale) and develop quickly, making them ideal for space experiments. The Avian Development Facility (ADF) supports 36 eggs in two carousels (below), one of which rotates to provide a 1-g control for comparing to eggs grown in microgravity. The ADF originated in NASA's Shuttle Student Involvement program in the 1980s and was developed under the NASA Small Business Irnovation Research program. In late 2001, the ADF made its first flight and...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2693
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 35

favorite 0

comment 0

The heart of a colorimetric solid phase extractor (CSPE) test kit quickly measures the concentration of the biocides silver or iodine in astronauts? drinking water to determine whether concentrations are safe. When 10 milliliters (ml) of water is drawn through the disk, the disk will turn color (yellow in this picture for iodine) indicating the presence of the biocides. The device could someday be used to test water safety at reservoirs and water treatment plants on Earth. (photo credit:...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Iowa
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3955
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 43

favorite 0

comment 0

This dramatic image of the Australian brushers was taken from orbit by one of the crew members aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Following the worst regional drought in 50 years, this summer's fire season has resulted in numerous large fires over much of the Great Dividing Range as well as the enormous smoke pall over New South Wales, Victoria, and the adjacent South Pacific Ocean.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Victoria, Where -- Pacific Ocean, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2600
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 118

favorite 1

comment 0

The Soyuz TMA-3 spacecraft and its booster rocket (rear view) is shown on a rail car for transport to the launch pad where it was raised to a vertical launch position at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan on October 16, 2003. Liftoff occurred on October 18th, transporting a three man crew to the International Space Station (ISS). Aboard were Michael Foale, Expedition-8 Commander and NASA science officer; Alexander Kaleri, Soyuz Commander and flight engineer, both members of the Expedition-8...
Topics: Who -- Michael Foale, Who -- Alexander Kaleri, Who -- Pedro Duque, What -- SOYUZ TMA 3, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2766
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 41

favorite 0

comment 0

In the Destiny laboratory aboard the International Space Station (ISS), European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain is seen working at the Microgravity Science Glovebox (MSG). He is working with the PROMISS experiment, which will investigate the growth processes of proteins during weightless conditions. The PROMISS is one of the Cervantes program of tests (consisting of 20 commercial experiments). The MSG is managed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC).
Topics: Who -- Pedro Duque, What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Spain,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2906
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 64

favorite 0

comment 0

Aboard the International Space Station (ISS), the Russian Lada greenhouse provides home to an experiment that investigates plant development and genetics. Space grown peas have dried and "gone to seed." The crew of the ISS will soon harvest the seeds. Eventually some will be replanted onboard the ISS, and some will be returned to Earth for further study.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2756
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 104

favorite 0

comment 0

The Gravity Probe B (GP-B) is the relativity experiment developed at Stanford University to test two extraordinary predictions of Albert Einstein?s general theory of relativity. The experiment will measure, very precisely, the expected tiny changes in the direction of the spin axes of four gyroscopes contained in an Earth-orbiting satellite at a 400-mile altitude. So free are the gyroscopes from disturbance that they will provide an almost perfect space-time reference system. They will measure...
Topics: What -- Gravity Probe B, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2923
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 48

favorite 0

comment 0

Aboard the International Space Station (ISS), the Tissue Culture Medium (TCM) is the bioreactor vessel in which cell cultures are grown. With its two syringe ports, it is much like a bag used to administer intravenous fluid, except it allows gas exchange needed for life. The TCM contains cell culture medium, and when frozen cells are flown to the ISS, they are thawed and introduced to the TCM through the syringe ports. In the Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support System-Fluid Dynamics...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3957
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 94

favorite 0

comment 0

Pores and voids often form in metal castings on Earth (above) making them useless. A transparent material that behaves at a large scale in microgravity the way that metals behave at the microscopic scale on Earth, will help show how voids form and learn how to prevent them. Scientists are using the microgravity environment on the International Space Station to study how these bubbles form, move and interact. The Pore Formation and Mobility Investigation (PFMI) in the Microgravity Science...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2677
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 153

favorite 3

comment 0

This is a close-up of a sample of titanium-zirconium-nickel alloy inside the Electrostatic Levitator (ESL) vacuum chamber at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The ESL uses static electricity to suspend an object (about 3-4 mm in diameter) inside a vacuum chamber allowing scientists to record a wide range of physical properties without the sample contracting the container or any instruments, conditions that would alter the readings. Once inside the chamber, a laser heats the sample...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2738
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 69

favorite 0

comment 0

The Space Shuttle Discovery, STS-102 mission, clears launch pad 39B at the Kennedy Space Center as the sun peers over the Atlantic Ocean on March 8, 2001. STS-102's primary cargo was the Leonardo, the Italian Space Agency built Multipurpose Logistics Module (MPLM). The Leonardo MPLM is the first of three such pressurized modules that will serve as the International Space Station's (ISS') moving vans, carrying laboratory racks filled with equipment, experiments, and supplies to and from the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- STS-102, What -- Sun, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2845
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 43

favorite 1

comment 0

Expedition Seven photographed the Soyez TMA-1 Capsule through a window of the International Space Station (ISS) as it departed for Earth. Aboard were Expedition Six crew members, astronauts Kerneth D. Bowersox and Donald R. Pettit, and cosmonaut Nikolai M. Budarin. Expedition Six served a 5 and 1/2 month stay aboard the ISS, the longest stay to date.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2721
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 57

favorite 0

comment 0

One concern about human adaptation to space is how returning from the microgravity of orbit to Earth can affect an astronaut's ability to fly safely. There are monitors and infrared video cameras to measure eye movements without having to affect the crew member. A computer screen provides moving images which the eye tracks while the brain determines what it is seeing. A video camera records movement of the subject's eyes. Researchers can then correlate perception and response. Test subjects...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2699
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 101

favorite 2

comment 0

This is the STS-115 insignia. This mission continued the assembly of the International Space Station (ISS) with the installation of the truss segments P3 and P4. Following the installation of the segments utilizing both the shuttle and the station robotic arms, a series of three space walks completed the final connections and prepared for the deployment of the station's second set of solar arrays. To reflect the primary mission of the flight, the patch depicts a solar panel as the main element....
Topics: What -- STS-115, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3843
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 65

favorite 0

comment 0

This photo (rear view) is of one of many segments of the Eastman-Kodak mirror assembly being tested for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) project at the X-Ray Calibration Facility at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). MSFC is supporting Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) in developing the JWST by taking numerous measurements to predict its future performance. The tests are conducted in a vacuum chamber cooled to approximate the super cold temperatures found in space. During its 27 years...
Topics: Who -- James E. Webb, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Constellation, What -- Imager,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2690
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 41

favorite 0

comment 0

The short-arm centrifuge subjects an astronaut to conflicting sensory input and study the astronaut's perception of motion. It is one of several instruments used in the Spatial Reorientation Following Space Flight investigation to be conducted after astronauts return to Earth. During space flight, the vestibular organs no longer respond in a familiar way. Instead, inputs from the irner ear do not match those coming from the eyes. While on Earth, you can open your eyes to see if you truly are...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2613
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 71

favorite 1

comment 0

A sample of advanced metallic glass alloy cools down during an experiment with the TEMPUS furnace on STS-94, July 7, 1997, MET:5/23:35 (approximate). The sequence shows the sample glowing, then fading to black as scientists began the process of preserving the liquid state, but lowering the temperature below the normal solidification temperature of the alloy. This process is known as undercooling. (10 second clip covering approximately 50 seconds.) TEMPUS (stands for Tiegelfreies...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2667
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 42

favorite 0

comment 0

Dr. Cheryl Nickerson of Tulane University is studying the effects of simulated low-g on a well-known pathogen, Salmonella typhimurium, a bacterium that causes two to four million cases of gastrointestinal illness in the United States each year. While most healthy people recover readily, S. typhimurium can kill people with weakened immune systems. Thus, a simple case of food poisoning could disrupt a space mission. Using the NASA rotating-wall bioreactor, Nickerson cultured S. typhimurium in...
Topic: Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2707
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 39

favorite 0

comment 0

The Soyuz TMA-3 spacecraft and its booster rocket (front view) is shown on a rail car for transport to the launch pad where it was raised to a vertical launch position at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan on October 16, 2003. Liftoff occurred on October 18th, transporting a three man crew to the International Space Station (ISS). Aboard were Michael Foale, Expedition-8 Commander and NASA science officer; Alexander Kaleri, Soyuz Commander and flight engineer, both members of the Expedition-8...
Topics: Who -- Michael Foale, Who -- Alexander Kaleri, Who -- Pedro Duque, What -- SOYUZ TMA 3, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2765
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 83

favorite 0

comment 0

The Droplet Combustion Experiment (DCE) was designed to investigate the fundamental combustion aspects of single, isolated droplets under different pressures and ambient oxygen concentrations for a range of droplet sizes varying between 2 and 5 mm. The DCE principal investigator was Forman Williams, University of California, San Diego. The experiment was part of the space research investigations conducted during the Microgravity Science Laboratory-1 mission (STS-83, April 4-8 1997; the...
Topics: What -- STS-83, What -- MSL 1, What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2643
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
image

eye 47

favorite 0

comment 0

An ion thruster is removed from a vacuum chamber at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. The thruster, a spare engine from NASA's Deep Space 1 mission, with a designed life of 8,000 hours, ran for a record 30,352 hours (nearly 5 years) giving researchers the ability to observe its performance and wear at different power levels throughout the test. This information will be vital to future missions that use ion propulsion. Ion propulsion systems can be very lightweight,...
Topics: What -- ion engine, What -- Deep Space 1, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2747