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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This new image taken with NASA's Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is of the nearby dwarf galaxy NGC 1569. This galaxy is a hotbed of vigorous star birth activity which blows huge bubbles that riddle its main body. The bubble structure is sculpted by the galactic super-winds and outflows caused by a colossal input of energy from collective supernova explosions that are linked with a massive episode of star birth. The bubbles seen in this image are made of hydrogen gas that glows when hit by the...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Earth, Where -- dwarf galaxy, Where -- NGC 1569,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2902
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photo, captured by the NASA Hubble Space Telescope's (HST) Advanced Camera for Surveys, is Hubble's latest view of an expanding halo of light around the distant star V838 Monocerotis, or V Mon, caused by an unusual stellar outburst that occurred back in January 2002. A burst of light from the bizarre star is spreading into space and reflecting off of surrounding circumstellar dust. As different parts are sequentially illuminated, the appearance of the dust changes. This effect is referred...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Advanced Camera for Surveys, What -- Constellation,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2903
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photo, the Gravity Probe B (GP-B) space vehicle is being encapsulated atop the Delta II launch vehicle. The GP-B is the relativity experiment developed at Stanford University to test two extraordinary predictions of Albert Einstein?s general theory of relativity. The experiment will measure, very precisely, the expected tiny changes in the direction of the spin axes of four gyroscopes contained in an Earth-orbiting satellite at a 400-mile altitude. So free are the gyroscopes from...
Topics: What -- Gravity Probe B, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2920
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Teamed with KeyMaster Technologies, Kennewick, Washington, the Marshall Space Flight Center engineers have developed a portable vacuum analyzer that performs on-the-spot chemical analyses under field conditions? a task previously only possible in a chemical laboratory. The new capability is important not only to the aerospace industry, but holds potential for broad applications in any industry that depends on materials analysis, such as the automotive and pharmaceutical industries. Weighing in...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Washington,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2938
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the X-37 Demonstrator re-entry. After being launched from the cargo bay of a Shuttle as a secondary payload, the X-37 remains on-orbit up to 21 days performing a variety of experiments before re-entering the Earth's atmosphere and landing. These vehicles supported the Agency's goal of dramatically reducing the cost of access to space in attempt to define the future of space transportation. The X-37 program was discontinued in 2003.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2951
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Early Chinese rockets were used in warfare and celebrations. In fact, the origin of the rocket is shown simply in these Chinese characters. They stand for both "rocket" and "fire arrow.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1869
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image of the galaxy cluster Abell 2125, provided by the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), reveals several massive multimillion degree Celsius gas clouds that appear to be in the process of merging. Ten of the point-like sources are associated with galaxies in the cluster and the rest are probably distant background galaxies. The small bright feature in the extreme lower right-hand corner is probably a background galaxy cluster not associated with Abell 2125. The bright gas cloud on the...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Very Large Array, What -- Enterprise, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3050
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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By the end of the 19th Century, a Russian theorist, Konstantian Tsiolkovsky, was examining the fundamental scientific theories behind rocketry. He made some pioneering studies in liquid chemical rocket concepts and recommended liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen as the optimum propellants. In the 1920's, Tsiolkovsky analyzed and mathematically formulated the technique for staged vehicles to reach escape velocities from Earth.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=854
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In 1650, a Polish artillery expert, Kazimierz Siemienowicz, published a series of drawings for a staged rocket. These drawing were recreated by artist Larry Toschik
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=852
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun with a model of a V2 rocket.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=919
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Tribology-the study of friction, lubrication, and wear of surfaces in relative motion-is the subject of many tests and evaluation being conducted at Marshall Space Flight Center. Marshall's need to develop state-of-the-art tribological materials and components for NASA's on-going space program is spurring these technological advances. High speed, high performance machinery is plagued by periodic mainteneance and replacement of worn parts. Tribology investigations are important to manufacturers...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=617
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Like many chemicals in the body, the three-dimensional structure of insulin is extremely complex. When grown on the ground, insulin crystals do not grow as large or as ordered as researchers desire--obscuring the blueprint of the insulin molecules.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=171
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Technology derived by NASA for monitoring control gyros in the Skylab program is directly applicable to the problems of fault detection of railroad wheel bearings. Marhsall Space Flight Center's scientists have developed a detection concept based on the fact that bearing defects excite resonant frequency of rolling elements of the bearing as they impact the defect. By detecting resonant frequency and subsequently analyzing the character of this signal, bearing defects may be detected and...
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=645
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) launch. The RBCC's overall objective is to provide a technology test bed to investigate critical technologies associated with opperational usage of these engines. The program will focus on near term technologies that can be leveraged to ultimately serve as the near term basis for Two Stage to Orbit (TSTO) air breathing propulsions systems and ultimately a Single Stage To Orbit (SSTO) air breathing propulsion system.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=579
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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These are images of CGEL-2 samples taken during STS-95. They show binary colloidal suspensions that have formed ordered crystalline structures in microgravity. In sample 5, there are more particles therefore, many, many crystallites (small crystals) form. In sample 6, there are less particles therefore, the particles are far apart and few, much larger crystallites form. The white object in the right corner of sample 5 is the stir bar used to mix the sample at the begirning of the mission.
Topic: What -- STS-95
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=632
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Advanced Gradient Heating Facility (AGHF) is a European Space Agency (ESA) developed hardware. The AGHF was flown on STS-78, which featured four European PI's and two NASA PI's. The AGHFsupports the production of advanced semiconductor materials and alloys using the directional process, which depends on establishing a hot side and a cold side in the sample.
Topic: What -- STS-78
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=108
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's collage of every phase of an X-34 Demonstrator's flight, from launch to landing. An X-34 was launched from an airplane, then proceeded to obtain an on-orbit altitude where it could remain for up to 21 days performing various experiments. At the conclusion of its mission, the X-34 returned to the Earth's atmosphere for a runway landing. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2262
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Waterblast Research Cell supports development of automated systems that remove thermal protection materials and coatings from space flight hardware. These systems remove expended coatings without harsh chemicals or damaging underlying material. Potential applications of this technology include the removal of coatings from industrial machinery, aircraft, and other large structures. Use of the robot improves worker safety by reducing the exposure of persornel to high-pressure water. This...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=613
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun is looking out from a 10th floor window of building 4200 at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). He was the first Center Director and served as the Director from July 1960 through February 1970. Following World War II, Dr. von Braun and his German colleagues arrived in the United States under the Project Paperclip (American acquisition of German rocket experts) to continue their rocket development work. In 1950, von Braun and his German Rocket Team (also called the Peenemuende...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- United States...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1468
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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They sounded more like fireworks than rockets but the Chinese used rockets in battle.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1868
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astroculture is a suite of technologies used to produce and maintain a closed controlled environment for plant growth. The two most recent missions supported growth of potato, dwarf wheat, and mustard plants, and provided scientists with the first opportunity to conduct true plant research in space. Light emitting diodes have particular usefulness for plant growth lighting because they emit a much smaller amount of radiant heat than do conventional lighting sources and because they have...
Topic: What -- Opportunity
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=138
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engine for the Jupiter rocket. The Jupiter vehicle was a direct derivative of the Redstone. The Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, continued Jupiter development into a successful intermediate ballistic missile, even though the Department of Defense directed its operational development to the Air Force. ABMA maintained a role in Jupiter RD, including high-altitude launches that added to ABMA's understanding of rocket vehicle operations in the near-Earth space...
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=872
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the X-34 reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center, the X-34 was capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2267
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA structural materials engineer, Jonathan Lee, displays blocks and pistons as examples of some of the uses for NASA?s patented high-strength aluminum alloy originally developed at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. NASA desired an alloy for aerospace applications with higher strength and wear-resistance at elevated temperatures. The alloy is a solution to reduce costs of aluminum engine pistons and lower engine emissions for the automobile industry. The Boats and Outboard...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama, Where -- Wisconsin
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2931
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The grand opening of NASA?s new, world-class laboratory for research into future space transportation technologies located at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama, took place in July 2004. The state-of-the-art Propulsion Research Laboratory (PRL) serves as a leading national resource for advanced space propulsion research. Its purpose is to conduct research that will lead to the creation and development of innovative propulsion technologies for space exploration. The...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3055
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Industry spends billions of dollars each year on machine tools to manufacture products out of metal. This includes tools for cutting every kind of metal part from engine blocks to Shuttle main engine components. Cutting tool tips often break because of weak spots or defects in their composition. Based on a new concept called defect trapping, space offers a novel environment to study defect formation in molten metal materials as they solidify. After the return of these materials from space,...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Douglas
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=137
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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NASA?s Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO) was launched July 22, 1999 aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia, STS-93 mission. This image was produced by combining a dozen CXO observations made of a 130 light-year region in the center of the Milky Way over the last 5 years. The colors represent low (red), medium (green) and high (blue) energy x-rays. Thanks to Chandra's unique resolving power, astronomers have now been able to identify thousands of point-like x-ray sources due to neutron stars, black...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-93, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3051
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Sweet tasting protein isolated from an African plant. It has commercial potential as a sweetener because of its potency and stability over a wide pH range.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=237
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Structure Of Flame Balls At Low Lewis-numbers (SOFBALL) Experiment Mounting Structure (EMS) was used to conduct the SOFBALL experiment on Combustion Module-1. The EMS was inserted into the CM-1 combustion chamber. The chamber was filled with a lean fuel/oxidizer mixture and a spark igniter on the EMS ignited the gas. Very small, weak flames, in the shape of spheres, were formed and studied.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=250
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the X-34 Demonstrator, a reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2266
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured in the high bay, is the X-34 Technology Demonstrator in the process of completion. The X-34 wass part of NASA's Pathfinder Program which demonstrated advanced space transportation technologies through the use of flight experiments and experimental vehicles. These technology demonstrators and flight experiments supported the Agency's goal of dramatically reducing the cost of access to space and defined the future of space transportation pushing technology into a new era of space...
Topic: What -- Dawn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2954
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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U.S. Marned Spacecraft Launch Vehicle Size Comparison
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=56
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The original seven astronauts for the Mercury Project pose in front of an Air Force Jet. From left to right: Scott Carpenter, L. Gordon Cooper, John H. Glenn, Virgil I. Gus Grissom, Walter M. Wally Schirra, Alan B. Shepard, and Donald K. Deke Slayton.
Topics: Who -- Scott Carpenter, Who -- Gordon Cooper, Who -- Wally Schirra, Who -- Deke Slayton, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3061
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The British fired Congreve rockets against the United States in the War of 1812. As a result Francis Scott Key coined the phrase the "rocket's red glare." Congreve had used a 16-foot guide stick to help stabilize his rocket. William Hale, another British inventor, invented the stickless rocket in 1846. The U.S. Army used the Hale rocket more than 100 years ago in the war with Mexico. Rockets were also used to a limited extent by both sides in the American Civil War.
Topic: Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=851
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Science fiction writers, like Jules Verne in France and Edward Everett Hale in America, had discovered one of the most vital elements in the formula for space travel-a fertile imagination. The first known proposal for a marned-satellite appears in a story by Hale entitled "The Brick Moon" published in 1899. The story involved a group of young Bostonians who planned to put an artificial satellite into polar orbit for sailors to use to determine longitude accurately and easily. They...
Topics: What -- Jules Verne, What -- Moon, What -- Polar, What -- Earth, Where -- France
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1882
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's interpretation of a future launch complex for third generation propulsion reusable launch vehicles such as the X-33. The X-33 is a sub-scale technology demonstrator prototype of a Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV), with a vertical take off / horizontal landing (lifting body) concept, which was manufactured and named as the Venture Star by Lockheed Martin. The X-33 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2254
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Space Tug concept, proposed as a reusable multipurpose space vehicle to transport payloads to different orbital inclinations, was intended to serve as an important link between the Space Shuttle and the Space Station or any other orbital element requiring crew and/or cargo transportation. The Marshall Space Flight Center managed NASA's Space Tug activities. The Space Tug program was cancelled and did not become a reality.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1806
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Released to commemorate the 14th anniversary of NASA?s Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is the image of a galaxy cataloged as AM 0644-741. Resembling a diamond encrusted bracelet, the ring of brilliant blue star clusters wraps around a yellowish nucleus of what was once a normal spiral galaxy. Located 300 million light years away in the direction of the southern constellation Dorado, the sparkling blue ring is 150,000 light years in diameter, making it larger than our entire home galaxy, the Milky...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Constellation, What -- Dorado, What -- Advanced...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2927
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Space Shuttle External Tank 120 is shown here in its vertical position in NASA?s Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans. Slated for launch on the Orbiter Discovery scheduled for next Spring, the tank is in position for its new foam application process on the liquid hydrogen tank-to-inter tank flange area, a tank structural connection point. The foam will be applied with an enhanced finishing procedure that requires two technicians, one for a new mold-injection procedure to the intertank?s...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3052
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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(Rabbit) Converts the major storage form of high energy phosphate (creatine phosphate) to usable energy form (ATP). A major muscle enzyme and implicated in some muscle diseases.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=233
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Researchers have found that as melted metals and alloys (combinations of metals) solidify, they can form with different arrangements of atoms, called microstructures. These microstructures depend on the shape of the interface (boundary) between the melted metal and the solid crystal it is forming. There are generally three shapes that the interface can take: planar, or flat; cellular, which looks like the cells of a beehive; and dendritic, which resembles tiny fir trees. Convection at this...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=195
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A cutaway illustration of Saturn 1 launch vehicle mission. The Saturn I, first of the Saturn launch vehicles' family, is a two-stage vehicle with a low-earth-orbit payload capability of approximately 25,000 pounds. The research and development program was plarned in two phases or blocks; one for first stage development (Block I) and the second for first and second stage development (Block II). The S-I (first) stage consisted of a cluster of nine propellant tanks and eight H-1 engines built by...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1523
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall Space Flight Center engineers have teamed with KeyMaster Technologies, Kennewick, Washington, to develop a portable vacuum analyzer that performs on-the-spot chemical analyses under field conditions, a task previously only possible in a chemical laboratory. The new capability is important not only to the aerospace industry, but holds potential for broad applications in any industry that depends on materials analysis, such as the automotive and pharmaceutical industries. Weighing in at...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2929
NASA Images
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The M512 Materials Processing Facility (MPF) with the M518 Multipurpose Electric Facility (MEF) tested and demonstrated a facility approach for materials process experimentation in space. It also provided a basic apparatus and a common interface for a group of metallic and nonmetallic materials experiments. The MPF consisted of a vacuum work chamber and associated mechanical and electrical controls. The M518 Multipurpose Electric Furnace (MEF) was an electric furnace system in which...
Topics: What -- MPF, What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=81
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The trauma caused by the open heart surgery often triggers massive inflammation because the immune system overreacts. Factor D, the protein which plays a key role in the biological steps that activate this immune response prevents the imune system from inappropriately rurning out of control, allowing the patient to recover more rapidly. Factor D blockers, with their great potential to alleviate the complication of inflammation associated with heart surgery, are now being developed for clinical...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=130
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This virus is the Spherical T=1 icosahedral satellite virus of classical rod virus TMV, and is a plant pathogen. Important in the study of virus structure, RNA structure and virus assembly.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=236
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This figure is a drawing of the F-1 engine with callouts of the major components and the engine characteristics.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1092
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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According to one ancient legend, a Chinese official named Wan Hoo attempted a flight to the moon using a large wicker chair to which were fastened 47 large rockets. Forty seven assistants, each armed with a torch, rushed forward to light the fuses. In a moment, there was a tremendous roar accompanied by billowing clouds of smoke. When the smoke cleared, the flying chair and Wan Hoo were gone.
Topic: What -- Moon
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1870
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Labs on chips are manufactured in many shapes and sizes and can be used for numerous applications, from medical tests to water quality monitoring to detecting the signatures of life on other planets. The eight holes on this chip are actually ports that can be filled with fluids or chemicals. Tiny valves control the chemical processes by mixing fluids that move in the tiny channels that look like lines, connecting the ports. Scientists at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville,...
Topics: What -- CHIPS, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- DIMES, Where -- Marshall Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3915
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Marshall inventors Seth Lawson and Stanley Smeltzer display a pair of obstetrical forceps they designed. The forceps, made from composite space-age materials, measure the force applied during instrument-assisted delivery. The new forceps will help medical students get a feel for instrument-assisted deliveries before entering practice.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=618
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Ribbons is a program developed at UAB used worldwide to graphically depict complicated protein structures in a simplified format. The program uses sophisticated computer systems to understand the implications of protein structures. The Influenza virus remains a major causative agent for a large number of deaths among the elderly and young children and huge economic losses due to illness. Finding a cure will have a general impact both on the basic research of viral pathologists of fast evolving...
Topics: What -- FAST, What -- CONTOUR
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=128
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept illustrates the NERVA (Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application) engine's hot bleed cycle in which a small amount of hydrogen gas is diverted from the thrust nozzle, thus eliminating the need for a separate system to drive the turbine. The NERVA engine, based on KIWI nuclear reactor technology, would power a RIFT (Reactor-In-Flight-Test) nuclear stage, for which the Marshall Space Flight Center had development responsibility.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2156
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Representing the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Headquarters and the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), these officials performed the major work in the formation of MSFC. (Left to right) Delmar M. Morris, Deputy Director for Administration, MSFC; Eberhard Rees, Deputy Director for Research and Development, MSFC; Dr. Wernher von Braun, Director, MSFC; Dr. T. Keith Glernan, NASA Administrator; and Maj. Gen. Don R. Ostrander, Director, Office of Launch Vehicle Program, NASA
Topics: Where -- NASA Headquarters, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=846
NASA Images
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In NASA?s Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans, the Space Shuttle External Tank 120 is in position for its new foam application process on the liquid hydrogen tank-to-inter tank flange area, a tank structural connection point. This image is a close-up of the inter tank flange area. The foam will be applied with an enhanced finishing procedure that requires two technicians, one for a new mold-injection procedure to the intertank?s ribbing and one for real-time videotaped surveillance of the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3054
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This image is a close-up view of the test firing of a J-2 engine. The J-2, developed by Rocketdyne under the direction of Marshall Space Flight Center, was propelled by liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen. A single J-2 was utilized in the S-IVB stage (the second stage for the Saturn IB and third stage for the Saturn V) and in a cluster of five for the second stage (S-II) of the Saturn V. Initially rated at 200,000 pounds of thrust, the engine was later uprated in the Saturn V program to 230,000...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1799
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As far back as 1821, sailors hunted whales using rocket-propelled harpoons. These rocket harpoons were launched from a shoulder-held tube equipped with a circular black shield.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1876
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This is an artist's concept of an orbiting space vehicle in the Jovian system using an electrodynamic tether propellantless propulsion system. Electrodynamic tethers offer the potential to greatly extend and enhance future scientific missions to Jupiter and the Jovian system. Like Earth, Jupiter posses a strong magnetic field and a significant magnetosphere. This may make it feasible to operate electrodynamic tethers for propulsion and power generation.
Topics: What -- Jupiter, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=581
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The English confrontation with Indian rockets came in 1780 at the Battle of Guntar. The closely massed, normally unflinching British troops broke and ran when the Indian army laid down a rocket barrage in their midst.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1874
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Saturn 1 Launch summary of research and development flights and operational flights. NASA's initial development plan for the Saturn program had called for the Saturn I to serve as a stepping stone to the development of larger Saturn vehicles ultimately known as the Saturn IB and Saturn V. The Saturn I launch vehicle proved the feasibility of the clustered engines and provided significant new payload lifting capabilities.
Topic: What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=995
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H-1 engine major components with callouts (chart 1). The H-1 engine was used in a cluster of eight on the the first stage of Saturn I (S-I stage) and Saturn IB (S-IB stage). The engines were arranged in a double pattern: four engines, located inboard, were fixed in a square pattern around the stage axis, while the remaining four engines were located outboard in a larger square pattern and each outer engine was gimbaled. Each H-1 engine had a thrust of 188,000 pounds for a combined thrust of...
Topic: What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=997
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This is a portrait of General George C. Marshall in Army uniform. The Marshall Space Flight Center, a NASA field installation, was established in Huntsville, Alabama, in 1960. The Center was named in honor of General George C. Marshall, the Army Chief of Staff during World War II, Secretary of State, and Nobel Prize Wirner for his world-renowned Marshall Plan.
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1927
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The manipulation of organic materials--cells, tissues, and even living organisms--offers many exciting possibilities for the future from organic computers to improved aquaculture. Commercial researchers are using the microgravity environment to produce large near perfect protein crystals Research on insulin has yielded crystals that far surpass the quality of insulin crystals grown on the ground. Using these crystals industry partners are working to develop new and improved treatments for...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=192
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Looking like an alien space ship or a flying saucer the Microwave Lightcraft is an unconventional launch vehicle approach for delivering payload to orbit using power transmitted via microwaves. Microwaves re beamed from either a ground station or an orbiting solar power satellite to the lightcraft. The energy received breaks air molecules into a plasma and a magnetohydrodynamic fanjet provides the lifting force. Only a small amount of propellant is required for circulation, attitude control and...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=583
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This artist's concept depicts the X-34 Demonstrator sitting on a runway. Part of the Pathfinder Program, the X-34 was a reusable technology testbed vehicle that was designed and built by the Marshall Space Flight Center to demonstrate technologies that were essential to lowering the cost of access to space. Powered by a LOX and RP-1 liquid Fastrac engine, the X-34 would be capable of speeds up to Mach 8 and altitudes of 250,000-feet. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2270
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Harnessing the Sun's energy through Solar Thermal Propulsion will propel vehicles through space by significantly reducing weight, complexity, and cost while boosting performance over current conventional upper stages. Another solar powered system, solar electric propulsion, demonstrates ion propulsion is suitable for long duration missions. Pictured is an artist's concept of space flight using solar thermal propulsion.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=580
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The Marshall Space Flight Center, a NASA field installation, was established at Huntsville, Alabama, in 1960. The Center was named in honor of General George C. Marshall, the Army Chief of Staff during World War II, Secretary of State, and Nobel Prize Wirner for his world-renowned Marshall Plan.
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1857
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In this photo, the Gravity Probe B (GP-B) space vehicle is completed during the solar array installation. The GP-B is the relativity experiment developed at Stanford University to test two extraordinary predictions of Albert Einstein?s general theory of relativity. The experiment will measure, very precisely, the expected tiny changes in the direction of the spin axes of four gyroscopes contained in an Earth-orbiting satellite at a 400-mile altitude. So free are the gyroscopes from disturbance...
Topics: What -- Gravity Probe B, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2919
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In this photo, the Gravity Probe B (GP-B) detector mount assembly is shown in comparison to the size of a dime. The assembly is used to detect exactly how much starlight is coming through different beams from the beam splitter in the telescope. The measurements from the tiny chips inside are what keeps GP-B aimed at the guide star. The GP-B is the relativity experiment developed at Stanford University to test two extraordinary predictions of Albert Einstein?s general theory of relativity. The...
Topics: What -- Gravity Probe B, What -- Beam, What -- CHIPS, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2922
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The image depicts Redstone missile being erected. The Redstone ballistic missile was a high-accuracy, liquid-propelled, surface-to-surface missile developed by Army Ballistic Missile Agency, Redstone Arsenal, in Huntsville, Alabama, under the direction of Dr. von Braun. The Redstone engine was a modified and improved version of the Air Force's Navaho cruise missile engine of the late forties. The A-series, as this would be known, utilized a cylindrical combustion chamber as compared with the...
Topics: What -- Explorer 1, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=870
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The Marshall Space Flight Center, a NASA field installation, was established at Huntsville, Alabama, in 1960. The Center was named in honor of General George C. Marshall, the Army Chief of Staff during World War II, Secretary of State, and Nobel Prize Wirner for his world-renowned Marshall Plan.
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1907
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One of the earliest recorded instances of the use of rockets was as military weapons against the Mongols by the Chinese at the siege of Kai Fung Foo in 1232 A.D. An arrow with a tube of gunpowder produced an arrow of flying fire. The Mongol attackers fled in terror, even though the rockets were inaccurate and relatively harmless.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=849
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The reproduction process of all strains of influenza are dependent on the same enzyme neuraminidase. Pharmaceutical companies have been developing drugs that can inhibit the function of neuraminidase hoping to create an effective weapon against the flu. Researchers from the pharmaceutical industry and from the Center for Macromolecular Crystallography have grown crystals of neuraminidase in space. These improved, space-grown crystals have provided information that have helped design drugs which...
Topic: What -- CONTOUR
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=127
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the International Space Station (ISS) with solar panels fully deployed. In addition to the use of solar energy, the ISS will employ at least three types of propulsive support systems for its operation. The first type is to reboost the Station to correct orbital altitude to offset the effects of atmospheric and other drag forces. The second function is to maneuver the ISS to avoid collision with oribting bodies (space junk). The third is for attitude control to...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=742
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Ecomaster, an affiliate of BioServe Space Technologies, this PentaPure technology has been used to purify water for our nation's Space Shuttle missions since 1981. WTC-Ecomaster of Mirneapolis, Minnesota manufactures water purification systems under the brand name PentaPure (TM). BioServe researcher Dr. George Marchin, of Kansas State University, first demonstrated the superiority of this technology and licensed it to WTC. Marchin continues to perform microgravity research in the development of...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Minnesota, Where -- Kansas
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=142
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The X-34 demonstrator is shown being taken out of its hanger and placed on the tarmac. The X-34 was classified as part of the Pathfinder class demonstrators which include small experimental vehicles or less expensive flight experiments. These demonstrators were driven by technology and were executed every one to two years. They were done quickly, for low cost, and for a wide range of technologies and applications. The X-34 program was cancelled in 2001.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2264