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NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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As the construction continued on the International Space Station (ISS), STS-118 astronaut and mission specialist Rick Mastracchio participated in the second session of Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA) for the mission. Assisting Mastracchio was Canadian Space Agency representative Dave Williams (out of frame). During the 6 hour, 28 minute space walk, the two removed a faulty control moment gyroscope (CMG-3) and installed a new CMG into the Z1 truss. The failed CMG will remain in its temporary...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-118, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4165
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On STS-89, three Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) test cells were subjected to five cycles of compression and relief (left) and three were subjected to shorter displacement cycles that simulate motion during an earthquake (right). In the compression/relief tests, the sand particles rearranged themselves and slightly re-expanded the column during relief. In the short displacement tests, the specimen's resistance to compression decreases, even though the displacement remains the same. The...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Colorado, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=758
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) is responsible for designing and building the life support systems that will provide the crew of the International Space Station (ISS) a comfortable environment in which to live and work. Scientists and engineers at the MSFC are working together to provide the ISS with systems that are safe, efficient, and cost-effective. These compact and powerful systems are collectively called the Environmental Control and Life Support Systems, or simply, ECLSS. In...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Spectrometer, What -- Destiny, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1594
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) is responsible for designing and building the life support systems that will provide the crew of the International Space Station (ISS) a comfortable environment in which to live and work. Scientists and engineers at the MSFC are working together to provide the ISS with systems that are safe, efficient, and cost-effective. These compact and powerful systems are collectively called the Environmental Control and Life Support Systems, or simply, ECLSS. This...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1597
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Catherine G. Coleman, mission specialist for STS-73, works in the glovebox on the portside of the science module aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia in earth-orbit.
Topics: What -- STS-73, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=208
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows TRW technicians preparing the assembled Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO) for an official unveiling at TRW Space and Electronics Group of Redondo Beach, California. The CXO is formerly known as the Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), which was renamed in honor of the late Indian-American Astronomer, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar in 1999. The CXO will help astronomers world-wide better understand the structure and evolution of the universe by studying powerful sources...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-93, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1986
Launched on June 20, 1996, the STS-78 mission?s primary payload was the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS), which was managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). During the 17 day space flight, the crew conducted a diverse slate of experiments divided into a mix of life science and microgravity investigations. In a manner very similar to future International Space Station operations, LMS researchers from the United States and their European counterparts shared resources such as crew...
Topics: What -- STS-78, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3635
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Isothermal Containment Modules are the temperature-controlling carrier that BioServe built to carry Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (CGBA) and in the future, Space Automated Bioproduct Lab (SABL) to the International Space Station.
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=253
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The potential for investigating combustion at the limits of flammability, and the implications for spacecraft fire safety, led to the Structures Of Flame Balls At Low Lewis-number (SOFBALL) experiment flown twice aboard the Space Shuttle in 1997. The success there led to reflight on STS-107 Research 1 mission plarned for 2002. All the combustion in a flame ball takes place in a razor-thin reaction zone that depends on diffusion to keep the ball alive. Such a fragile balance is impossible on...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-107, What -- Earth, Where -- California, Where -- Los...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2034
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The unpiloted Russian Progress 7 supply ship departs from the Zvezda Service Module's docking port on the International Space Station. Carrying its load of trash and urneeded equipment, it will be deorbited and burned up in the atmosphere. The undocking paves the way for the arrival of the new Progress 8, filled with fresh supplies. Soviet designers realized that long-duration missions in space would demand a constant supply of consumable materials from Earth. The cost-effective Progress...
Topics: What -- Progress 7, What -- Zvezda, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Progress 8,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2417
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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AiroCide Ti02, an anthrax-killing air scrubber manufactured by KES Science and Technology Inc., in Kernesaw, Georgia, looks like a square metal box when it is installed on an office wall. Its fans draw in airborne spores and airflow forces them through a maze of tubes. Inside, hydroxyl radicals (OH-) attack and kill pathogens. Most remaining spores are destroyed by high-energy ultraviolet photons. Building miniature greenhouses for experiments on the International Space Station (ISS) has led to...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Georgia, Where -- Wisconsin, Where -- Madison,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2231
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Destined for the International Space Station (ISS), a Soyez TMA-1 spacecraft launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan on April 26, 2003. Aboard are Expedition Seven crew members, cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Expedition Seven mission commander, and Astronaut Edward T. Lu, Expedition Seven NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer. Expedition Six crew members returned to Earth aboard the Russian spacecraft after a 5 and 1/2 month stay aboard the ISS. Photo credit: NASA/Scott Andrews
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Kazakhstan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2723
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the STS-102 mission crew insignia. The central image on the crew patch depicts the International Space Station (ISS) in the build configuration that it had at the time of the arrival and docking of Discovery during the STS-102 mission, the first crew exchange flight to the Space Station. The station is shown along the direction of the flight as was seen by the shuttle crew during their final approach and docking, the so-called V-bar approach. The names of the shuttle crew members are...
Topics: What -- STS-102, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Discovery, What -- Earth, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2847
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the crew insignia for STS-97 which delivered, assembled, and activated the U.S. electrical power system onboard the International Space Station (ISS). The electrical power system, which is built into a 47-foot integrated truss structure known as P6, consists of solar arrays, radiators, batteries, and electronics. P6 was prepared for subsequent deployments of larger solar arrays and radiator, a critical step in the activation of the electrical power system that will eventually provide...
Topics: What -- STS-97, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2918
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image hosts a look into the eye of Hurricane Ivan, one of the strongest hurricanes on record, as the storm approached landfall on the central Gulf coast Wednesday afternoon on September 15, 2004. The hurricane was photographed by astronaut Edward M. (Mike) Fincke from aboard the International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude of approximately 230 miles. At the time, sustained winds in the eye of the wall were reported at about 135 mph as the downgraded category 4 storm approached the...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3058
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image hosts a look at the eye of Hurricane Ivan, one of the strongest hurricanes on record, as the storm topped the western Caribbean Sea on Saturday, September 11, 2004. The hurricane was photographed by astronaut Edward M. (Mike) Fincke from aboard the International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude of approximately 230 miles. At the time, the category 5 storm sustained winds in the eye of the wall that were reported at about 160 mph. Crew Earth Observations record Earth surface changes...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth, Where -- Caribbean Sea
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3057
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The main objective of the STS-100 mission, the sixth International Space Station (ISS) assembly flight, was the delivery and installation of the Canadian-built Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS). The crew patch reflects the complex interaction of robotics and extravehicular activity on the mission. Framed by an EVA helmet, the SSRMS is shown below the visor. Reflected in the visor is the Space Shuttle Endeavour, with the ISS rising above the horizon at orbital sunrise. American,...
Topics: What -- STS-100, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2859
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Signifying the continuing assembly of the International Space Station (ISS), the STS-116 crew patch depicts the space shuttle rising above the Earth and the ISS. The United States and Swedish flags trail the orbiter, depicting the international composition of the STS-116 crew. The seven stars of the constellation Ursa Major are used to provide direction to the North Star, which is superimposed over the installation location of the P5 truss on ISS.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-116, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3918
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In August 2001, principal investigator Jeanne Becker sent human ovarian tumor cells to the International Space Station (ISS) aboard the STS-105 mission. The tumor cells were cultured in microgravity for a 14 day growth period and were analyzed for changes in the rate of cell growth and synthesis of associated proteins. In addition, they were evaluated for the expression of several proteins that are the products of oncogenes, which cause the transformation of normal cells into cancer cells. This...
Topics: Who -- Frank Culbertson, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-105, What -- Cancer
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3962
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Apollo 8 astronauts and commanding officer of the recovery ship U.S.S. Yorktown walk the red carpet of the flight deck after splashdown recovery in the Pacific Ocean. Apollo 8 served as the first manned lunar orbit mission and the first manned flight of the Saturn V space vehicle, developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Liftoff occurred on December 21, 1968, carrying astronauts Frank Borman, commander; William Anders, Lunar Module (LM) Pilot; and James Lovell, Command Module (CM)...
Topics: Who -- Frank Borman, Who -- William Anders, What -- Apollo 8, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4134
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A Titan booster launched the Gemini 8 spacecraft on March 16, 1966 from launch complex 19 Cape Kennedy, Florida. The flight crew for the 3 day mission, astronauts Neil A. Armstrong and David R. Scott, achieved the first rendezvous and docking to Atlas/Agena in Earth orbit.
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- David R. Scott, What -- Titan, What -- Gemini 8, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3373
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-42, Viewing earth with lots of snow, partial view of IML-1 (International Microgravity Laboratory) in cargo bay.
Topics: What -- STS-4, What -- Earth, What -- IML 1
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=44
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Backdropped against the Earth, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST)is shown sporting new and modified solar arrays stowed against its barrel. Orbiting Earth at an altitude of 325 nautical miles, an astronaut begins other repairs of the HST while perched atop a foot restraint on shuttle Endeavour's remote manipulator system arm. The 59th and final Shuttle flight of 1993 was one of most challenging and complex marned missions ever attempted. During record five back-to-back space walks totaling 35...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-61
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2549
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), formerly Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), fully developed in orbit in a star field with Earth. In 1999, the AXAF was renamed the CXO in honor of the late Indian-American Novel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The CXO is the most sophisticated and the world's most powerful x-ray telescope ever built. It is designed to observe x-rays from high energy regions of the Universe, such as hot gas in the renmants of...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Visible Light, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1979
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the experimental Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV), the X-37 located in the cargo bay of a space shuttle with Earth in the background. The X-37 was designed to launch from the space shuttle's cargo bay as a secondary payload. Once deployed, the X-37 would remain on-orbit up to 21 days performing a variety of experiments before re-entering the Earth's atmosphere and landing. The X-37 program was discontinued in 2003.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2957
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Richard Milhous Nixon, What -- Apollo 11,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4023
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1970 photograph shows Skylab's Microwave Radiometer/Scatterometer and Altimeter, one of the major components for an Earth Resources Experiment Package (EREP). It was designed to study varying ocean surface, soil erosion, sea and lake ice, snow cover, seasonal vegetational changes, flooding, rainfall and soil types. The overall purpose of the EREP was to test the use of sensors that operated in the visible, infrared, and microwave portions of the electromagnetic spectrum to monitor and...
Topics: What -- Altimeter, What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1358
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The optical bench for the Fluid Integrated Rack section of the Fluids and Combustion Facility (FCF) is shown in its operational configuration. The FCF will be installed, in phases, in the Destiny, the U.S. Laboratory Module of the International Space Station (ISS), and will accommodate multiple users for a range of investigations. This is an engineering mockup; the flight hardware is subject to change as designs are refined. The FCF is being developed by the Microgravity Science Division (MSD)...
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- USERS, Where -- Glenn Research...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3107
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Interior lights give the Microgravity Science Glovebox (MSG) the appearance of a high-tech juke box. The European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA are developing the MSG for use aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Scientists will use the MSG to carry out multidisciplinary studies in combustion science, fluid physics and materials science. The MSG is managed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Photo Credit: NASA/MSFC
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=720
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The International Space Station (ISS), with its newly attached U.S. Laboratory, Destiny, was photographed by a crew member aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis during a fly-around inspection after Atlantis separated from the Space Station. The Laboratory is shown in the foreground of this photograph. The American-made Destiny module is the cornerstone for space-based research aboard the orbiting platform and the centerpiece of the International Space Station (ISS), where unprecedented...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Destiny, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1633
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This chart describes the Skylab student experiment Web Formation. Judith S. Miles of Lexington High School, Lexington, Massachusetts, proposed a study of the spider's behavior in a weightless environment. The geometrical structure of the web of the orb-weaving spider provides a good measure of the condition of its central nervous system. Since the spider senses its own weight to determine the required thickness of web material and uses both the wind and gravity to initiate construction of its...
Topics: What -- Skylab, What -- Earth, Where -- Massachusetts, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1418
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this Space Shuttle STS-102 mission image, the Payload Equipment Restraint System (PERS) H-Strap is shown at the left side of the U.S. laboratory's hatch. PERS is an integrated modular system of components designed to assist the crew of the International Space Station (ISS) in restraining and carrying necessary payload equipment and tools in a microgravity environment. The Operations Development Group, Flight Projects Directorate at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), while providing...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-102, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1639
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image of the International Space Station (ISS) was photographed by one of the crewmembers of the STS-105 mission from the Shuttle Orbiter Discovery after deparating from the ISS. The STS-105 mission was the 11th ISS assembly flight and its goals were the rotation of the ISS Expedition Two crew with the Expedition Three crew, and the delivery of supplies utilizing the Italian-built Multipurpose Logistics Module (MPLM) Leonardo. Aboard Leonardo were six resupply stowage racks, four resupply...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-105, What -- Discovery
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2343
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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One of the final runs of the TEMPUS experiment shows heating of a sample on STS-94, July 15, 1997, MET:14/11:01 (approximate) and the flows on the surface. At the point this image was taken, the sample was in the process of melting. The surface of the sample is begirning to flow, looking like the motion of plate tectonics on the surface of a planet. During this mission, TEMPUS was able to run than 120 melting cycles with zirconium, with a maximum temperature of 2,000 degrees C, and was able to...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- Earth, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2671
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Aboard the International Space Station (ISS), Expedition Seven crew members, Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, and Astronaut Edward T. Lu, had an outstanding opportunity to observe tropical storm Claudette as she turned into a hurricane and came ashore to their Houston home and other Texas areas. The storm produced winds of 80-85 mph gusting to 104 mph.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Opportunity, Where -- Texas
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2741
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Research at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center has resulted in a system for reading hidden identification codes using a hand-held magnetic scanner. It's an invention that could help businesses improve inventory management, enhance safety, improve security, and aid in recall efforts if defects are discovered. Two-dimensional Data Matrix symbols consisting of letters and numbers permanently etched on items for identification and resembling a small checkerboard pattern are more efficient and...
Topics: What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- California, Where -- New...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2940
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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After five days of service and upgrade work on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), the STS-109 crew photographed the giant telescope returning to its normal routine. The telescope was captured and secured on a work stand in Columbia's payload bay using Columbia's robotic arm, where 4 of the 7-member crew performed 5 space walks completing system upgrades to the HST. Included in those upgrades were: The replacement of the solar array panels; replacement of the power control unit (PCU); replacement...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-109, What -- Faint...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2823
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-90 crew patch reflects the dedication of the mission to neuroscience in celebration of the decade of the brain. Earth is revealed through a neuron-shaped window, which symbolizes new perspectives in the understanding of nervous system development, structure and function, both here on Earth and in the microgravity environment of space. The Space Shuttle Columbia is depicted with its open payload bay doors revealing the Spacelab within. An integral component of the mission, the...
Topics: What -- STS-90, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- INTEGRAL,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3611
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This is the STS-104 crew portrait. Seated with the crew insignia (left to right) are astronauts Charles O. Hobaugh, pilot; and Steven W. Lindsey, mission commander. Standing, from the left, are astronauts Michael L. Gernhardt, Janet L. Kavandi, and James F. Reilly, all mission specialists. Launched July 12, 2001 from Kennedy Launch Pad 39B at 5:03:59 am EDT, the crew of five served as the International Space Station (ISS) assembly flight, 7A. The primary payload of the mission was the Joint...
Topics: Who -- James F. Reilly, What -- STS-104, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2899
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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These five STS-97 crew members posed for a traditional portrait during training. On the front row, left to right, are astronauts Michael J. Bloomfield, pilot; Marc Garneau, mission specialist representing the Canadian Space Agency (CSA); and Brent W. Jett, Jr., commander. In the rear, wearing training versions of the extravehicular mobility unit (EMU) space suits, (left to right) are astronauts Carlos I. Noriega, and Joseph R. Tarner, both mission specialists. The primary objective of the...
Topics: Who -- Michael J. Bloomfield, Who -- Marc Garneau, Who -- Brent W. Jett, Who -- Carlos I. Noriega,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2908
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Shannon Lucid is seen egressing from a training version of a soyez spacecraft, during a water survival training session in Russia. In March of 1996, Lucid accompanied the STS-76 crew to the Russian space station, Mir, where she stayed for a little over four months before returning to Earth with the STS-79 crew.
Topics: Who -- Shannon Lucid, What -- STS-76, What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What -- Earth, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3858
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Researchers have found that as melted metals and alloys (combinations of metals) solidify, they can form with different arrangements of atoms, called microstructures. These microstructures depend on the shape of the interface (boundary) between the melted metal and the solid crystal it is forming. There are generally three shapes that the interface can take: planar, or flat; cellular, which looks like the cells of a beehive; and dendritic, which resembles tiny fir trees. Convection at this...
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=194
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Matthew Koss (forground) and Martin Glicksman (rear), principal investigator and lead scientist (respectively), review plans for the next step in the Isothermal Dendritic Growth Experiment (IDGE) during the U.S. Microgravity Payload-4 (USMP-4) mission (STS-87, Nov. 19 - Dec. 5, 1997). Remote Operations Control Center (ROCC) like this one, at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) in Troy, NY, will become more common during operations with the International Space Station. IDGE, flown on three...
Topics: What -- STS-87, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=659
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Astronaut Susan J. Helms, Expedition Two flight engineer, mounts a video camera onto a bracket in the Russian Zarya or Functional Cargo Block (FGB) of the International Space Station (ISS). Launched by a Russian Proton rocket from the Baikonu Cosmodrome on November 20, 1998, the Unites States-funded and Russian-built Zarya was the first element of the ISS, followed by the U.S. Unity Node.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Unity
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2436
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4042
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In the launch control center at Kennedy Space Flight Center (KSC), Walter J. Kapryan, Director of Launch Operations (center), discusses an aspect of the Apollo 14 flight with Marshall Space Flight Center?s (MSFC) Dr. Rocco A. Petrone, Apollo Program Director (right). The Apollo 14, carrying a crew of three astronauts: Mission commander Alan B. Shepard Jr., Command Module pilot Stuart A. Roosa, and Lunar Module pilot Edgar D. Mitchell, lifted off from launch complex 39A at KSC on January 31,...
Topics: What -- Apollo 14, What -- Moon, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2964
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronauts Tamara Jernigan (#1) and David Wolf (#2) are training in the Neutral Buoyancy Simulator (NBS) at Marshall Space Flight center with an exercise for International Space Station Alpha. The NBS provided the weightless environment encountered in space needed for testing and the practices of Extravehicular Activities (EVA).
Topics: Who -- David Wolf, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2594
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the STS-104 crew portrait. Seated with the crew insignia (left to right) are astronauts Charles O. Hobaugh, pilot; and Steven W. Lindsey, mission commander. Standing, from the left, are astronauts Michael L. Gernhardt, Janet L. Kavandi, and James F. Reilly, all mission specialists. Launched July 12, 2001 from Kennedy Launch Pad 39B at 5:03:59 am EDT, the crew of five served as the 10th International Space Station (ISS) assembly flight. The primary payload of the mission was the Joint...
Topics: Who -- James F. Reilly, What -- STS-104, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2898
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 16th American assembly flight and 112th overall American flight to the International Space Station (ISS) launched on November 23, 2002 from Kennedy's launch pad 39A aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour STS-113. Mission objectives included the delivery of the Expedition Six Crew to the ISS, the return of Expedition Five crew back to Earth, the delivery of the Crew Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) cart to the ISS, and the installation and activation of the Port 1 Integrated Truss...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2797
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This video was taken from the first flight of the TEMPUS electromagnetic levitation furnace on the International Microgravity Laboratory-2 (STS-65, July 8-23, 1994). This view is from the furnace's upper camera and shows a sample glowing as it melts. TEMPUS (stands for Tiegelfreies Elektromagnetisches Prozessiere unter Schwerelosigkeit (containerless electromagnetic processing under weightlessness). It was developed by the German Space Agency (DARA) for flight aboard Spacelab. The DARA project...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-65, What -- STS-94
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2673
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Kathryn C. Thornton, payload commander for STS-73, works at the drop physics module (DPM) on the portside of the science module aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia in Earth orbit.
Topics: What -- STS-73, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=210
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-30 patch depicts the joining of NASA's manned and unmanned space programs. The sun and inner planets of our solar system are shown with the curve connecting Earth and Venus symbolizing the shuttle orbit, the spacecraft trajectory toward Venus, and its subsequent orbit around our sister planet. A Spanish caravel similar to the ship on the official Magellan program logo commemorates the 16th century explorer's journey and his legacy of adventure and discovery. Seven stars on the patch...
Topics: Who -- Ronald Grabe, Who -- Norman Thagard, Who -- Mary Cleave, What -- STS-30, What -- Sun, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3431
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The first United States Microgravity Laboratory (USML-1) was one of NASA's science and technology programs that provided scientists an opportunity to research various scientific investigations in a weightless environment inside the Spacelab module. It also provided demonstrations of new equipment to help prepare for advanced microgravity research and processing aboard the Space Station. The USML-1 flew in orbit for extended periods, providing greater opportunities for research in materials...
Topics: What -- USML 1, What -- Opportunity, What -- Columbia, What -- Earth, What -- STS-5, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2315
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Launched on June 20, 1996, the STS-78 mission?s primary payload was the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS), which was managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). During the 17 day space flight, the crew conducted a diverse slate of experiments divided into a mix of life science and microgravity investigations. In a manner very similar to future International Space Station operations, LMS researchers from the United States and their European counterparts shared resources such as crew...
Topics: What -- STS-78, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Columbia, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3636
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image of the International Space Station (ISS) in orbit was taken during a fly-around inspection by the Space Shuttle Endeavour after successfull attachment of the 240-foot-long, 38-foot-wide solar array.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1587
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The high-tech art of digital signal processing (DSP) was pioneered at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in the mid-1960s for use in the Apollo Lunar Landing Program. Designed to computer enhance pictures of the Moon, this technology became the basis for the Landsat Earth resources satellites and subsequently has been incorporated into a broad range of Earthbound medical and diagnostic tools. DSP is employed in advanced body imaging techniques including Computer-Aided Tomography, also known...
Topics: What -- Moon, What -- Landsat, What -- Earth, What -- MRI, What -- Beam, Where -- Jet Propulsion...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1833
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Zvezda Service Module, the first Russian contribution and third element to the International Space Station (ISS), is shown under construction in the Krunichev State Research and Production Facility (KhSC) in Moscow. Russian technicians work on the module shortly after it completed a pressurization test. In the foreground is the forward portion of the module, including the spherical transfer compartment and its three docking ports. The forward port docked with the cornected Functional Cargo...
Topics: What -- Zvezda, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2439
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Droplet Combustion Experiment (DCE) was designed to investigate the fundamental combustion aspects of single, isolated droplets under different pressures and ambient oxygen concentrations for a range of droplet sizes varying between 2 and 5 mm. The DCE principal investigator was Forman Williams, University of California, San Diego. The experiment was part of the space research investigations conducted during the Microgravity Science Laboratory-1R mission (STS-94, July 1-17 1997). Advanced...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2645
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The 16th American assembly flight and 112th overall American flight to the International Space Station (ISS) launched on November 23, 2002 from Kennedy's launch pad 39A aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour STS-113. Mission objectives included the delivery of the Expedition Six Crew to the ISS, the return of Expedition Five crew back to Earth, the delivery of the Crew and Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) cart, and the installation and activation of the Port 1 Integrated Truss Assembly...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2800
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Lining the walls of the Space Station Processing Facility at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) are the launch awaiting U.S. Node 2 (lower left). and the first pressurized module of the Japanese Experimental Module (JEM) (upper right), named "Kibo" (Hope). Node 2, the "utility hub" and second of three connectors between International Space Station (ISS) modules, was built in the Torino, Italy facility of Alenia Spazio, an International contractor based in Rome. Japan's major...
Topics: What -- Japanese Experiment Module (Kibo), What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2734
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Though very close to the International Space Station, the majority of Discovery's underside is visible in this frame. The image was captured by one of the Expedition 13 crew members onboard the International Space Station (ISS) during the STS-121 Rotating Pitch Maneuver (RPM) survey prior to docking of the two spacecraft.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- STS-121, What -- Discovery
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3848
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Echocardiography uses sound waves to image the heart and other organs. Developing a compact version of the latest technology improved the ease of monitoring crew member health, a critical task during long space flights. NASA researchers plan to adapt the three-dimensional (3-D) echocardiogram for space flight. The two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiogram utilized in orbit on the International Space Station (ISS) was effective, but difficult to use with precision. A heart image from a 2-D...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3967
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This 1970 photograph shows Skylab's Time and Motion experiment (M151) control unit, a medical study to measure performance differences between tasks undertaken on Earth and the same tasks performed by Skylab crew members in orbit. Data collected from this experiment evaluated crew members' zero-gravity behavior for designs and work programs for future space exploration. The Marshall Space Flight Center had program management responsibility for the development of Skylab hardware and experiments.
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1341
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Astronaut L. Gordon Cooper, Jr., one of the original seven astronauts for Mercury Project selected by NASA on April 27, 1959. The MA-9 mission, boosted by the Mercury-Atlas launch vehicle, was the last flight of the Mercury Project. The Faith 7 spacecraft orbited the Earth 22 times in 1-1/2 days.
Topics: Who -- Gordon Cooper, What -- Mercury, What -- Atlas, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1520
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Astronaut Scott Carpenter, one of the original seven astronauts for Mercury Project selected by NASA on April 27, 1959. Boosted by the Mercury-Atlas vehicle, the MA-7 mission made the second marned orbital flight by the United States, and carried Astronaut Carpenter aboard Aurora 7 spacecraft to orbit the Earth three times.
Topics: Who -- Scott Carpenter, What -- Mercury, What -- Atlas, What -- Earth, Where -- United States of...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1518
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The dominant theme of the STS-36, designed by the five astronaut crewmembers, is, in their words ...the essential role that space plays in preserving the blessings of freedom and liberty for America. The crew used the eagle to symbolize our country's commitment to strength and vigilance; its domain is not bound by the limits of Earth but reaches out to the star. The Shuttle, they express majestically beginning its journey into orbit demonstrates how man and machine work together for the...
Topics: What -- STS-36, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3462
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1989 artist's rendering shows how a Shuttle-C would look during launch. As envisioned by Marshall Space Flight Center plarners, the Shuttle-C would be an unmanned heavy-lift cargo vehicle derived from Space Shuttle elements. The vehicle would utilize the basic Shuttle propulsion units (Solid Rocket Boosters, Space Shuttle Main Engine, External Tank), but would replace the Orbiter with an unmanned Shuttle-C Cargo Element (SCE). The SCE would have a payload bay lenght of eighty-two feet,...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- SCE, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=967
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Astronaut Carl E. Walz, mission specialist, enters the International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-2) science module in the cargo bay via the turnel connecting it to Columbia's cabin. Walz joined five other NASA astronauts and a Japanese payload specialist for more than two weeks of experimenting in Earth orbit.
Topics: What -- IML 2, What -- Earth, What -- STS-65
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=202
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This fish-eye view of the Russian Mir Space Station was photographed by a crewmember of the STS-74 mission after the separation. The image shows the installed Docking Module at bottom. The Docking Module was delivered and installed, making it possible for the Space Shuttle to dock easily with Mir. The Orbiter Atlantis delivered water, supplies, and equipment, including two new solar arrays to upgrade the Mir; and returned to Earth with experiment samples, equipment for repair and analysis, and...
Topics: What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-74, What -- Atlantis,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2354
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Launched on June 20, 1996, the STS-78 mission?s primary payload was the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS), which was managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). During the 17 day space flight, the crew conducted a diverse slate of experiments divided into a mix of life science and microgravity investigations. In a manner very similar to future International Space Station operations, LMS researchers from the United States and their European counterparts shared resources such as crew...
Topics: Who -- Susan Helms, Who -- Terence Henricks, What -- STS-78, What -- International Space Station...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3627
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Marshall researchers conduct extensive analysis of weather patterns by using remote sensing on lightning and thunderstorms from outer space for the Mission to Planet Earth program.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=451
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Expedition Five crewmembers include (left to right) Cosmonaut Verleri Korzun, Commander; Astronaut Peggy Whitson, flight engineer; and Cosmonaut Sergei Treschev, flight engineer. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour, STS-111, in April 2002, Expedition Five replaced Expedition Four on the International Space Station (ISS) for a scheduled 4-month mission. Expedition Five carried several new experiments and science facilities to the ISS. The research compliment included 24 new and...
Topics: Who -- Peggy Whitson, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- STS-111, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2395
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The Droplet Combustion Experiment (DCE) was designed to investigate the fundamental combustion aspects of single, isolated droplets under different pressures and ambient oxygen concentrations for a range of droplet sizes varying between 2 and 5 mm. The DCE principal investigator was Forman Williams, University of California, San Diego. The experiment was part of the space research investigations conducted during the Microgravity Science Laboratory-1R mission (STS-94, July 1-17 1997). Advanced...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- California
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2646
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The sixth manned lunar landing mission, the Apollo 16 (SA-511), carrying three astronauts: Mission Commander John W. Young, Command Module pilot Thomas K. Mattingly II, and Lunar Module pilot Charles M. Duke, lifted off on April 16, 1972. The Apollo 16 mission continued the broad-scale geological, geochemical, and geophysical mapping of the Moon?s crust, begun by the Apollo 15, from lunar orbit. This mission marked the first use of the Moon as an astronomical observatory by using the...
Topics: What -- Apollo 15, What -- Moon, What -- Earth, What -- Apollo 16, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3039
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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video, Dr. Pettit demonstrates the result of inserting a soldering iron into a thin film or sheet of water in space. Dr. Pettit makes comparative comments about the differences and similarities of boiling processes in space and on Earth.
Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3868