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July 20, 2009 -- Astronaut (STS-73) Fred Leslie autographs a Space Shuttle model at Marshall Space Flight Center's July 20, 2009 Apollo 40th anniversary event at the U.S. Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Image credit: NASA/MSFC/David Higginbotham
Topics: What -- STS-73, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Apollo 4, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/moonmars/apollo40/apollo40_6041.html
NASA Images
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Marshall-managed first space shuttle external tank rolls off the assembly line on Sept. 9, 1977, at Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF)
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/468622main_7783349_rs_full.jpg
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Matthew Koss (forground) and Martin Glicksman (rear), principal investigator and lead scientist (respectively), review plans for the next step in the Isothermal Dendritic Growth Experiment (IDGE) during the U.S. Microgravity Payload-4 (USMP-4) mission (STS-87, Nov. 19 - Dec. 5, 1997). Remote Operations Control Center (ROCC) like this one, at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) in Troy, NY, will become more common during operations with the International Space Station. IDGE, flown on three...
Topics: What -- STS-87, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=659
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This image of the free-flying SATCOM KU-2 satellite, still attached to a Payload Assist Module-D (PAM-D), was photographed during STS-61B, the 23rd Space Shuttle mission. The SATCOM KU-2 is an RCA communication satellite and was launched on November 26, 1985, aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis. The PAM-D is an upper stage system used to deploy payloads to a required orbit unattainable by the launch vehicle.
Topics: What -- STS-61B, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2363
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-56) onboard photo of the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS-2) payload on the pallet in the cargo bay of the orbiter.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- STS-5, What -- Atlas 2
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=526
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A unique view of the Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-73) moments after bursting into Earth's atmosphere on its way toward space. Onboard the orbiter is the United States Microgravity Laboratory 2 (USML-2), a Marshall managed payload, where Columbia's seven member crew will perform experiments while in orbit.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-73, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=549
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Kathryn C. Thornton, payload commander for STS-73, works at the drop physics module (DPM) on the portside of the science module aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia in Earth orbit.
Topics: What -- STS-73, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=210
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 16th American assembly flight and 112th overall American flight to the International Space Station (ISS) launched on November 23, 2002 from Kennedy's launch pad 39A aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour STS-113. Mission objectives included the delivery of the Expedition Six Crew to the ISS, the return of Expedition Five crew back to Earth, the delivery of the Crew Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) cart to the ISS, and the installation and activation of the Port 1 Integrated Truss...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2797
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On STS-89, three Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM) test cells were subjected to five cycles of compression and relief (left) and three were subjected to shorter displacement cycles that simulate motion during an earthquake (right). In the compression/relief tests, the sand particles rearranged themselves and slightly re-expanded the column during relief. In the short displacement tests, the specimen's resistance to compression decreases, even though the displacement remains the same. The...
Topics: What -- STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Colorado, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=758
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Catherine G. Coleman, mission specialist for STS-73, works in the glovebox on the portside of the science module aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia in earth-orbit.
Topics: What -- STS-73, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=208
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows TRW technicians preparing the assembled Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO) for an official unveiling at TRW Space and Electronics Group of Redondo Beach, California. The CXO is formerly known as the Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), which was renamed in honor of the late Indian-American Astronomer, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar in 1999. The CXO will help astronomers world-wide better understand the structure and evolution of the universe by studying powerful sources...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-93, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1986
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A Space Shuttle engine is shown being test fired at the Sternis, MS facility. MSFC was the managing facility for the Space Shuttle program.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=425
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The crew assigned to the STS-61A mission included (front row left to right) Reinhard Furrer, German payload specialist; Bonnie J. Dunbar, mission specialist; and Henry W. Hartsfield, Jr. commander. On the back row, left to right, are Steven R. Nagel, pilot; Guion S. Bluford, mission specialist; Ernst Messerscmid, German payload specialist; and Wubbo J. Ockels, Dutch payload specialist. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger on October 30, 1985 at 12:00:00 noon (EST), the STS-61A mission?s...
Topics: Who -- Reinhard Furrer, Who -- Bonnie J. Dunbar, Who -- Steven R. Nagel, What -- STS-61, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3549
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engineers test-fire Development Motor-8 at Thiokol's Utah facility, the first time all the changes in the Redesigned Solid Rocket Motor had been test-fired together. The redesign of the Shuttle's Solid Rocket Motor resulted from the January 28, 1986 Challenger accident. The Marshall Space Flight Center had management responsibility of Space Shuttle propulsion elements, including the Solid Rocket Booster.
Topics: What -- Challenger, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Utah, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=298
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The 5 member crew of the STS-41 mission included (left to right): Bruce E. Melnick, mission specialist 2; Robert D. Cabana, pilot; Thomas D. Akers, mission specialist 3; Richard N. Richards, commander; and William M. Shepherd, mission specialist 1. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on October 6, 1990 at 7:47:15 am (EDT), the primary payload for the mission was the ESA built Ulysses Space Craft made to explore the polar regions of the Sun. Other main payloads and experiments included...
Topics: Who -- Richard N. Richards, What -- STS-4, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3477
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Onboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia (STS-35), the various components of the Astro-1 payload are seen backdropped against dark space. Parts of the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope (HUT), Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT), and the Wisconsin Ultraviolet Photo-Polarimetry Experiment (WUPPE) are visible on the Spacelab pallet. The Broad-Band X-Ray Telescope (BBXRT) is behind the pallet and is not visible in this scene. The smaller cylinder in the foreground is the igloo. The igloo was a...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Astro 1, Where -- Wisconsin, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2279
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-39 crew portrait includes 7 astronauts. Pictured are Charles L. Veach, mission specialist 5; Michael L. Coats, commander; Gregory J. Harbaugh, mission specialist 2; Donald R. McMonagle, mission specialist 4; L. Blaine Hammond, pilot; Richard J. Hieb, mission specialist 3; and Guion S. Buford, Jr., mission specialist 1. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on April 28, 1991 at 7:33:14 am (EDT), STS-39 was a Department of Defense (DOD) mission. The primary unclassified payload...
Topics: Who -- Michael L. Coats, What -- STS-39, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3469
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-49, the first flight of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour, lifted off from launch pad 39B on May 7, 1992 at 6:40 pm CDT. The STS-49 mission was the first U.S. orbital flight to feature 4 extravehicular activities (EVAs), and the first flight to involve 3 crew members working simultaneously outside of the spacecraft. The primary objective was the capture and redeployment of the INTELSAT VI (F-3), a communication satellite for the International Telecommunication Satellite organization,...
Topics: What -- STS-49, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- Titan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3668
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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On the 500th arniversary of Christopher Columbus' discovery of the New World, replicas of his three ships sailed past the launch pad at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) while the space shuttle Columbia sat poised for lift off.
Topics: What -- Discovery, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, Where -- Columbus, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=473
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The crew assigned to the STS-66 mission included (left to right) Jean-Francois Clervoy, mission specialist; Scott E. Parazynski, mission specialist; Curtis L. Brown, pilot; Joseph R. Tanner, mission specialist; Donald R. McMonagle, commander; and Ellen S. Ochoa, payload commander. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis on November 3, 1994 at 11:59:43 am (EST), the STS-66 mission?s primary payloads were the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science-3 (ATLAS-3) and Cryogenic...
Topics: What -- STS-66, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- Atlas 3, What -- Infrared...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3562
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Backdropped against the Earth, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST)is shown sporting new and modified solar arrays stowed against its barrel. Orbiting Earth at an altitude of 325 nautical miles, an astronaut begins other repairs of the HST while perched atop a foot restraint on shuttle Endeavour's remote manipulator system arm. The 59th and final Shuttle flight of 1993 was one of most challenging and complex marned missions ever attempted. During record five back-to-back space walks totaling 35...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-61
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2549
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is an artist's concept of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), formerly Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), fully developed in orbit in a star field with Earth. In 1999, the AXAF was renamed the CXO in honor of the late Indian-American Novel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The CXO is the most sophisticated and the world's most powerful x-ray telescope ever built. It is designed to observe x-rays from high energy regions of the Universe, such as hot gas in the renmants of...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Visible Light, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1979
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The crew assigned to the STS-77 mission included (seated left to right) Curtis L. Brown, pilot; and John H. Casper, commander. Standing, left to right, are mission specialists Daniel W. Bursch, Mario Runco, Marc Garneau (CSA), and Andrew S. W. Thomas. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour on May 19, 1996 at 6:30:00 am (EDT), the STS-77 mission carried three primary payloads; the SPACEHAB-4 pressurized research module, the Inflatable Antenna Experiment (IAE) mounted on a Spartan 207...
Topics: Who -- Mario Runco, Who -- Marc Garneau, What -- STS-77, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3584
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut Donald Thomas conducts the Fertilization and Embryonic Development of Japanese Newt in Space (AstroNewt) experiment at the Aquatic Animal Experiment Unit (AAEU) inside the International Microgravity Laboratory-2 (IML-2) science module. The AstroNewt experiment aims to know the effects of gravity on the early developmental process of fertilized eggs using a unique aquatic animal, the Japanese red-bellied newt. The newt egg is a large single cell at the begirning of development. The...
Topics: Who -- Donald Thomas, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- IML 2, What -- STS-65, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2381
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the experimental Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV), the X-37 located in the cargo bay of a space shuttle with Earth in the background. The X-37 was designed to launch from the space shuttle's cargo bay as a secondary payload. Once deployed, the X-37 would remain on-orbit up to 21 days performing a variety of experiments before re-entering the Earth's atmosphere and landing. The X-37 program was discontinued in 2003.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2957
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Matthew Koss lectures middle-school students about materials science research in space during the U.S. Microgravity Payload-4 (USMP-4) mission (STS-87, Nov. 19 - Dec. 5, 1997) in the visitor's center set up by the Isothermal Dendritic Growth Experiment (IDGE) team at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)in Troy, NY. IDGE, flown on three Space Shuttle missions, is yielding new insights into virtually all industrially relevant metal and alloy forming operations. Photo credit: RPI
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-87
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=666
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pratima Rao lectures students about materials science research in space during the U.S. Microgravity Payload-4 (USMP-4) mission (STS-87, Nov. 19 - Dec. 5, 1997) in the visitor's center set up by the Isothermal Dendritic Growth Experiment (IDGE) team at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) in Troy, NY. IDGE, flown on three Space Shuttle missions, is yielding new insights into virtually all industrially relevant metal and alloy forming operations. Photo credit: RPI
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-87
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=667
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The International Space Station (ISS), with its newly attached U.S. Laboratory, Destiny, was photographed by a crew member aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis during a fly-around inspection after Atlantis separated from the Space Station. The Laboratory is shown in the foreground of this photograph. The American-made Destiny module is the cornerstone for space-based research aboard the orbiting platform and the centerpiece of the International Space Station (ISS), where unprecedented...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Destiny, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1633
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this Space Shuttle STS-102 mission image, the Payload Equipment Restraint System (PERS) H-Strap is shown at the left side of the U.S. laboratory's hatch. PERS is an integrated modular system of components designed to assist the crew of the International Space Station (ISS) in restraining and carrying necessary payload equipment and tools in a microgravity environment. The Operations Development Group, Flight Projects Directorate at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), while providing...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-102, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1639
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Avian Development Facility (ADF) supports 36 eggs in two carousels, one of which rotates to provide a 1-g control for comparing to eggs grown in microgravity. The ADF was designed to incubate up to 36 Japanese quail eggs, 18 in microgravity and 18 in artificial gravity. The two sets of eggs were exposed to otherwise identical conditions, the first time this is been accomplished in space. Eggs are preserved at intervals to provide snapshots of their development for later analysis. Quails...
Topic: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2680
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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These 5 astronauts and cosmonaut, all members of the STS-112 mission, pose for a crew portrait. Pictured from left to right are: Astronauts Sandra H. Magnus, mission specialist; David A. Wolf, mission specialist; Pamela A. Melroy, pilot; Jeffrey S. Ashby, commander; Piers J. Sellers, mission specialist; and cosmonaut Fyodor Yurchikhin, mission specialist representing Rosaviakosmos. STS-112 launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis October 7, 2002 for an 11-day mission completing three sessions...
Topics: Who -- Fyodor Yurchikhin, What -- STS-110, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2813
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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After five days of service and upgrade work on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), the STS-109 crew photographed the giant telescope returning to its normal routine. The telescope was captured and secured on a work stand in Columbia's payload bay using Columbia's robotic arm, where 4 of the 7-member crew performed 5 space walks completing system upgrades to the HST. Included in those upgrades were: The replacement of the solar array panels; replacement of the power control unit (PCU); replacement...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-109, What -- Faint...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2823
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The STS-90 crew patch reflects the dedication of the mission to neuroscience in celebration of the decade of the brain. Earth is revealed through a neuron-shaped window, which symbolizes new perspectives in the understanding of nervous system development, structure and function, both here on Earth and in the microgravity environment of space. The Space Shuttle Columbia is depicted with its open payload bay doors revealing the Spacelab within. An integral component of the mission, the...
Topics: What -- STS-90, What -- Earth, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- INTEGRAL,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3611
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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These five STS-97 crew members posed for a traditional portrait during training. On the front row, left to right, are astronauts Michael J. Bloomfield, pilot; Marc Garneau, mission specialist representing the Canadian Space Agency (CSA); and Brent W. Jett, Jr., commander. In the rear, wearing training versions of the extravehicular mobility unit (EMU) space suits, (left to right) are astronauts Carlos I. Noriega, and Joseph R. Tarner, both mission specialists. The primary objective of the...
Topics: Who -- Michael J. Bloomfield, Who -- Marc Garneau, Who -- Brent W. Jett, Who -- Carlos I. Noriega,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2908
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The potential for investigating combustion at the limits of flammability, and the implications for spacecraft fire safety, led to the Structures Of Flame Balls At Low Lewis-number (SOFBALL) experiment flown twice aboard the Space Shuttle in 1997. The success there led to reflight on STS-107 Research 1 mission plarned for 2002. All the combustion in a flame ball takes place in a razor-thin reaction zone that depends on diffusion to keep the ball alive. Such a fragile balance is impossible on...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-107, What -- Earth, Where -- California, Where -- Los...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2034
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the crew insignia for STS-97 which delivered, assembled, and activated the U.S. electrical power system onboard the International Space Station (ISS). The electrical power system, which is built into a 47-foot integrated truss structure known as P6, consists of solar arrays, radiators, batteries, and electronics. P6 was prepared for subsequent deployments of larger solar arrays and radiator, a critical step in the activation of the electrical power system that will eventually provide...
Topics: What -- STS-97, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2918
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The main objective of the STS-100 mission, the sixth International Space Station (ISS) assembly flight, was the delivery and installation of the Canadian-built Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS). The crew patch reflects the complex interaction of robotics and extravehicular activity on the mission. Framed by an EVA helmet, the SSRMS is shown below the visor. Reflected in the visor is the Space Shuttle Endeavour, with the ISS rising above the horizon at orbital sunrise. American,...
Topics: What -- STS-100, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2859
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Signifying the continuing assembly of the International Space Station (ISS), the STS-116 crew patch depicts the space shuttle rising above the Earth and the ISS. The United States and Swedish flags trail the orbiter, depicting the international composition of the STS-116 crew. The seven stars of the constellation Ursa Major are used to provide direction to the North Star, which is superimposed over the installation location of the P5 truss on ISS.
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-116, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3918
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Constructed in 1964, the S-IC Static Test Stand was designed to develop and test the first stage (S-IC) of the Saturn V launch vehicle. In the 1974 the test stand was modified to test the liquid hydrogen tank on the Space Shuttle External Tank. The facility was again modified in 1986 and its name was changed to the Advanced Engine Test Facility. These modifications were made to accommodate the Technology Test Bed engine which is a derivative of the Space Shuttle Main Engine.
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1808
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Onboard Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-94) Mission Specialist Donald A. Thomas observes an experiment in the glovebox aboard the Spacelab Science Module. Thomas is looking through an eye-piece of a camcorder and recording his observations on tape for post-flight analysis. Other cameras inside the glovebox are also recording other angles of the experiment or downlinking video to the experiment teams on the ground. The glovebox is thought of as a safety cabinet with closed front and negative...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-94
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=362
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Onboard Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-78) Mission Specialist Richard M. Lirnehan works out in the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS-1) Science Module. With an almost 17-day mission away from Earth's gravity, crew members maintained an exercise regimen above and beyond their assigned LMS-1 duty assignments.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-78
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=359
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The Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis STS-110, embarking on its 25th flight, lifts off from launch pad 39B at Kennedy Space Center at 3:44 p.m. CDT April 8, 2002. The STS-110 mission prepared the International Space Station (ISS) for future space walks by installing and outfitting a 43-foot-long Starboard side S0 truss and preparing the Mobile Transporter. The 27,000 pound S0 truss was the first of 9 segments that will make up the Station's external framework that will eventually stretch 356 feet...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-110, What -- International Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2833
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The European Space Research Organization, which later became the European Space Agency (ESA), agreed in 1973 to develop a marned laboratory as Europe's contribution to the new Space Transportation System. What became Spacelab was conceived originally at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) as a sortie can, a modular laboratory system to be periodically installed in the Space Shuttle for week-long science missions. The facility was designed, tested and provided to NASA by ESA. The MSFC became...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlas, What -- Columbia, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1542
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The primary payload for Space Shuttle Mission STS-42, launched January 22, 1992, was the International Microgravity Laboratory-1 (IML-1), a pressurized manned Spacelab module. The goal of IML-1 was to explore in depth the complex effects of weightlessness of living organisms and materials processing. Around-the-clock research was performed on the human nervous system's adaptation to low gravity and effects of microgravity on other life forms such as shrimp eggs, lentil seedlings, fruit fly...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-4, What -- IML 1, What -- Mercury, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3363
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Astronaut and mission specialist, Linda Godwin, makes a final check of her respiration system before submersion into a 25 ft deep pool at the Johnson Space Center?s (JSC) Weightless Environment Training Facility (WET-F). Wearing a high fidelity training version of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) space suit, Godwin simulated STS-76 Extravehicular Activity (EVA) chores in the pool. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis in March of 1996, STS-76 marked the third U.S. Shuttle-Mir docking...
Topics: Who -- Linda Godwin, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-76, What -- Atlantis, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3860
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The official mission insignia for the 41-D Space Shuttle flight features the Discovery - NASA's third orbital vehicle - as it makes its maiden voyage. The ghost ship represents the orbiter's namesakes which have figured prominently in the history of exploration. The Space Shuttle Discovery heads for new horizons to extend that proud tradition. Surnames for the crewmembers of NASA's eleventh Space Shuttle mission encircle the red, white, and blue scene.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- New Horizons, What -- STS-41D
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3488
NASA Images
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The crew assigned to the STS-61B mission included Bryan D. O?Conner, pilot; Brewster H. Shaw, commander; Charles D. Walker, payload specialist; mission specialists Jerry L. Ross, Mary L. Cleave, and Sherwood C. Spring; and Rodolpho Neri Vela, payload specialist. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis November 28, 1985 at 7:29:00 pm (EST), the STS-61B mission?s primary payload included three communications satellites: MORELOS-B (Mexico); AUSSAT-2 (Australia); and SATCOM KU-2 (RCA Americom)....
Topics: Who -- Jerry L. Ross, What -- STS-61B, What -- Vela, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3828
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The setting sun and the thin blue airglow line at Earth's horizon was captured by the International Space Station's (ISS) Expedition Three crewmembers with a digital camera. Some of the Station's components are silhouetted in the foreground. The crew was launched aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Discovery STS-105 mission, on August 10, 2001, replacing the Expedition Two crew. After marning the orbiting ISS for 128 consecutive days, the three returned to Earth on December 17, 2001, aboard the...
Topics: What -- Sun, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2425
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STS-49, the first flight of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour, lifted off from launch pad 39B on May 7, 1992 at 6:40 pm CDT. The STS-49 mission was the first U.S. orbital flight to feature 4 extravehicular activities (EVAs), and the first flight to involve 3 crew members working simultaneously outside of the spacecraft. The primary objective was the capture and redeployment of the INTELSAT VI (F-3) which was stranded in an unusable orbit since its launch aboard the Titan rocket in March 1990....
Topics: Who -- Kathryn Thornton, What -- STS-49, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3665
The primary payload for Space Shuttle Mission STS-42, launched January 22, 1992, was the International Microgravity Laboratory-1 (IML-1), a pressurized manned Spacelab module. The goal of IML-1 was to explore in depth the complex effects of weightlessness of living organisms and materials processing. Around-the-clock research was performed on the human nervous system's adaptation to low gravity and effects of microgravity on other life forms such as shrimp eggs, lentil seedlings, fruit fly...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-4, What -- IML 1, What -- Mercury, Where -- Marshall...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3380
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Space Shuttle Discovery STS-42) is just about to ease down its main gear on Runway 22 at Edwards Air Force Base in southern California. The successful landing completed an eight-day mission for five NASA astronauts and two payload specialists supporting the first International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-1) mission.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- STS-4, What -- IML 1, Where -- Edwards...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=544
NASA Images
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In this photograph, Sandra Rossi user her NASA-developed prosthesis for the first time. Derived from foam insulation technology used to protect the Space Shuttle External Tank from excessive heat, FAB/CAD, a subsidiary of the Harshberger Prosthetic and Orthotic Center, utilized the technology to replace the heavy, fragile plaster they used to produce master molds for prosthetics. The new material was lighter, cheaper and easier to manufacture than plaster, resulting in lower costs to the...
Topic: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=608
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis (STS-46) onboard photo is a close-up view of the Tethered Satellite System (TSS-1) in orbit above the Shuttle. A cooperative development effort by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) and NASA, the Tethered Satellite System (TSS) made capable the deployment and retrieval of a satellite which is attached by a wire tether from distances up to 100 km from the Orbiter. These free-flying satellites are used as observation platforms outside of the Orbiter.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-46, What -- WIRE
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2563
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The Space Shuttle Endeavour (STS-67) embarks on NASA's longest shuttle flight to date, carrying a complement of unique telescopes that will give astronomers a view of the universe impossible to obtain from the ground. The 15-day mission will allow the crew to conduct round-the-clock observations with the ASTRO-2 observatory, a trio of telescopes designed to study the universe of ultraviolet astronomy. Because of Earth's protective ozone layer ultraviolet light from celestial objects does not...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- STS-6, What -- Astro 2
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=570
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This is an onboard photo of space shuttle Atlantis (STS-66) crew member, French scientist Jean-Francois Clervoy working on the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applied Sciences (ATLAS-3) project. The ATLAS-3 measures the variances of the sun's solar radiation and the variability in the solar spectrum.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-66, What -- Atlas 3
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2551
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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STS-94 Payload Specialist Roger K. Crouch is helped into his launch/entry suit by a suit technician in the Operations and Checkout (OC) building after the suit has been given a pressure test. He is the Chief Scientist of the NASA Microgravity Space and Applications Division. He also has served as a Program Scientist for previous missions and is an expert in semiconductor crystal growth. Crouch and six other crewmembers prepare to depart the OC and head for Launch Pad 39a, where the Space...
Topics: What -- STS-94, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=110
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by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In 1970, NASA initiated Phase A contracts to study alternate Space Shuttle designs in addition to the two-stage fully-reusable Space Shuttle system already under development. A number of alternate systems were developed to ensure the development of the optimum earth-to-orbit system, including the Stage-and-a-half Chemical Interorbital Shuttle, shown here. The concept would utilize a reusable marned spacecraft with an onboard propulsion system attached to an expendable fuel tank to provide...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2187
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As the Space Shuttle Discovery began its separation from the International Space Station (ISS), a crew member captured this view of the ISS, revealing new additions to the complex. Most of the Z1 truss structure is visible, along with the recently installed Pressurized Mating Adapter (PMA-3).
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1630
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This video still depicts the recently deployed starboard and port solar arrays towering over the International Space Station (ISS). The video was recorded on STS-97's 65th orbit. Delivery, assembly, and activation of the solar arrays was the main mission objective of STS-97. The electrical power system, which is built into a 73-meter (240-foot) long solar array structure consists of solar arrays, radiators, batteries, and electronics, and will provide the power necessary for the first ISS crews...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-97
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2912
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The sun rises on the Space Shuttle Discovery as it rests on the runway at Edward?s Air Force Base in California after a safe landing at 5:11 am (PDT) on August 9, 2005. The STS-114 landing concluded a historic 14 day return to flight mission to the International Space Station (ISS) after nearly a two and one half year delay in flight after the Space Shuttle Columbia tragedy in February 2003. Three successful space walks performed during the mission included a demonstration of repair techniques...
Topics: What -- Sun, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Discovery, What -- STS-114, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3407
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Under the goals of the Vision for Space Exploration, Ares I is a chief component of the cost-effective space transportation infrastructure being developed by NASA's Constellation Program. This transportation system will safely and reliably carry human explorers back to the moon, and then onward to Mars and other destinations in the solar system. The Ares I effort includes multiple project element teams at NASA centers and contract organizations around the nation, and is managed by the...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Ares Launch Vehicles, What -- Constellation, What -- Moon,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4179
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The Space Shuttle Atlantis and its six-member crew launched at 11:15 a.m. (EDT) on September 9, 2006 to begin the two-day journey to the International Space Station (ISS) on the STS-115 mission. During the 11-day mission, the STS-115 crew of six, along with station crews and ground teams, resumed construction of the ISS with the installation of a girder-like structure, known as the P3/P4 truss. The 35,000-pound piece includes a set of giant solar arrays, batteries and associated electronics....
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3983
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Headed toward Earth orbit and a link up with the International Space Station (ISS), the Space Shuttle Atlantis lifted off from Kennedy Space Center on June 8, 2007. Aboard were STS-117 astronauts James F. Reilly II, Steven R. Swanson, Patrick G. Forrester and John D. ?Danny? Olivas, all mission specialists; Frederick W. (Rick) Sturckow, commander; Lee J. Archambault, pilot; and Clayton Anderson, mission specialist who joined the Expedition 15 crew. The crew members along with the Expedition 15...
Topics: Who -- James F. Reilly, Who -- Clayton Anderson, What -- Earth, What -- International Space Station...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4153
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This photograph shows an inside view of a liquid hydrogen tank for the Space Shuttle external tank (ET) Main Propulsion Test Article (MPTA). The ET provides liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen to the Shuttle's three main engines during the first 8.5 minutes of flight. At 154-feet long and more than 27-feet in diameter, the ET is the largest component of the Space Shuttle, the structural backbone of the entire Shuttle system, and is the only part of the vehicle that is not reusable. The ET is...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where -- Louisiana, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1663
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MSFC, Ala. -- The Space Shuttle Orbiter simulator is hoisted into the giant dynamics test stand at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Ala. The simulator was built at the Marshall Center for use in pathfinder activities, such as checking roadway clearances, crane capabilities and fits within structures. It is the same size, shape and weight of an actual Orbiter.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=324
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This illustration depicts a side view of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The HST is the product of a partnership between NASA, European Space Agency Contractors, and the international community of astronomers. It is named after Edwin P. Hubble, an American Astronomer who discovered the expanding nature of the universe and was the first to realize the true nature of galaxies. The purpose of the HST, the most complex and sensitive optical telescope ever made, is to study the cosmos from a...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- COMETS,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1646
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The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a cooperative program of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) to operate a long-lived space-based observatory. It was the flagship mission of NASA's Great Observatories program. The HST program began as an astronomical dream in the 1940s. During the 1970s and 1980s, the HST was finally designed and built becoming operational in the 1990s. The HST was deployed into a low-Earth orbit on April 25, 1990...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1753
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Astronauts are clowning around in space in this STS-51A onboard photo. Astronaut Gardner, holds a ?For Sale? sign after the retrieval of two malfunctioning satellites; the Western Union Telegraph Communication Satellite (WESTAR VI); and the PALAPA-B2 Satellite. Astronaut Allen, who is standing on the Remote Manipulator System (RMS) is reflected in Gardner?s helmet visor. The 51A mission launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on November 8, 1984.
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-51A, What -- Discovery
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3351
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A Space Shuttle mission STS-9 onboard view show's Spacelab-1 (SL-1) module in orbiter Columbia's payload bay. Spacelab-1 was a cooperative venture of NASA and the European Space Agency. Scientists from eleven European nations plus Canada, Japan and the U.S. provided instruments and experimental procedures for over 70 different investigations in five research areas of disciplines: astronomy and solar physics, space plasma physics, atmospheric physics and Earth observations, life sciences and...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Canada, Where -- Japan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=492
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This is a ground level view of Test Stand 500 at the east test area of the Marshall Space Flight Center. Originally constructed in 1966, Test Stand 500 is a multipurpose, dual-position test facility. The stand was utilized to test liquid hydrogen/liquid oxygen turbopumps and combustion devices for the J-2 engine. One test position has a high superstructure with lines and tankage for testing liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen turbopumps while the other position is adaptable to pressure-fed test...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2497
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This is the crew patch for the Shuttle Endeavor STS-113 mission, the 16th American assembly flight, and 112th overall American flight to the International Space Station (ISS). STS-113 mission objectives included the delivery of the Expedition Six Crew to the ISS, the return of Expedition Five back to Earth, and the installation and activation of the Port 1 Integrated Truss Assembly (P1). The first major component installed on the left side of the Station, the P1 truss provides an additional...
Topics: What -- STS-113, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2789
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This photograph was taken during the integration of the Astro-1 mission payloads at the Kennedy Space Center on March 20, 1990, showing the Broad Band X-Ray Telescope (BBXRT) at the left, as three telescopes for the Astro-1 Observatory are settled into the Orbiter Columbia payload bay. Above Earth's atmospheric interference, Astro-1 would make precise measurements of objects such as planets, stars, and galaxies in relatively small fields of view and would observe and measure ultraviolet...
Topics: What -- Astro 1, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- Star Tracker, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2288
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The STS-34 crew portrait includes 5 astronauts. Pictured left to right are Shannon W. Lucid, mission specialist; Donald E. Williams, commander; Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, mission specialist; Michael J. McCulley, pilot; and Ellen S. Baker, mission secialist. The crew of 5 launched aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis on October 18, 1989 at 12:53:40pm (EDT). The primary payload was the Galileo Jupiter Spacecraft and attached inertial upper stage (IUS). Deployed 6 hours and 30 minutes into the...
Topics: What -- STS-34, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- Galileo, What -- Jupiter
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3449
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Five astronauts launched aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia on January 9, 1990 at 7:35:00am (EST) for the STS-32 mission. Pictured in their crew portrait, front left to right, are David C. Brandenstein, commander; and James D. Weatherbee, pilot. Pictured rear left to right are mission specialists Marsha S. Ivins, G. David Low, and Bonnie J. Dunbar. Primary objectives of the mission were the deployment of the SYNCOM IV-F5 defense communications satellite and the retrieval of NASA?s Long Duration...
Topics: Who -- Bonnie J. Dunbar, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-32
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3440
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This photograph shows the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), formerly Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), High Resolution Mirror Assembly (HRMA) being removed from the test structure in the X-Ray Calibration Facility (XRCF) at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The AXAF was renamed CXO in 1999. The CXO is the most sophisticated and the world's most powerful x-ray telescope ever built. It observes x-rays from high-energy regions of the universe, such as hot gas in the remnants of...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-93, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1984