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Saturday Morning Science, the science of opportunity series of applied experiments and demonstrations, performed aboard the International Space Station (ISS) by Expedition 6 astronaut Dr. Don Pettit, revealed some remarkable findings. In this video clip, Pettit demonstrates laminar flow in a rotating film of water. The demonstration is done by placing tracer particles in a water film held in place by a round wire loop, then stirring the system rotationally. The resulting flow clearly...
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Topics: What -- Opportunity, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- WIRE
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3880
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo program demonstrated that men could travel into space, perform useful tasks there, and return safely to Earth. But space had to be more accessible. This led to the development of the Space Shuttle. The Shuttle's major components are the orbiter spacecraft; the three main engines, with a combined thrust of more than 1.2 million pounds; the huge external tank (ET) that feeds the liquid hydrogen fuel and liquid oxygen oxidizer to the three main engines; and the two solid rocket boosters...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1861
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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eye 2,217

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This 1967 illustration compares the Apollo Saturn V Spacecraft of the Moon Landing era to the Statue of Liberty located on Ellis Island in New York City. The Apollo Saturn V, at 363 feet towers above Lady Liberty, as the statue is called, standing at 305 feet.
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Moon, Where -- New York City
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3986
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via a Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. Aboard were Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, Who -- Richard Nixon, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3024
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronaut and mission specialist Kalpana Chawla, receives assistance in donning a training version of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) space suit, prior to an underwater training session in the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory (NBL) near Johnson Space Center. This particular training was in preparation for the STS-87 mission. The Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-87) was the fourth flight of the United States Microgravity Payload (USMP-4) and Spartan-201 satellite, both managed by scientists and...
Topics: Who -- Kalpana Chawla, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-87, What -- Columbia, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3855
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Walt Disney toured the West Test Area during his visit to the Marshall Space Flight Center on April 13, 1965. The three in center foreground are Karl Heimburg, Director, Test Division; Dr. von Braun, Director, MSFC; and Walt Disney. The Dynamic Test Stand with the S-1C stage being installed is in the background.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=942
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The crowning achievement for the Saturn V rocket came when it launched Apollo 11 astronauts, Neil Armstrong, Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin, and Michael Collins, to the Moon in July 1969. In this photograph, astronaut Aldrin takes his first step onto the surface of the Moon.
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Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Saturn, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1859
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a view of the Saturn V S-IVB (third) stage for the AS-209 (Apollo-Soyuz test project backup vehicle) on a transporter in the right foreground, and the S-IVB stage for AS-504 (Apollo 9 mission) being installed in the Beta Test Stand 1 at the SACTO facility in California. After the S-II (second) stage dropped away, the S-IVB (third) stage ignited and burned for about two minutes to place itself and the Apollo spacecraft into the desired Earth orbit. At the proper time during this Earth...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Apollo 9, What -- Earth, What -- Moon, Where -- California, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1109
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Wernher von Braun, director of the NASA Marshall Space Flight center (MSFC), appears proud as he pauses in front of the mobile launcher and base of the Saturn V rocket (AS-506) being readied for the historic Apollo 11 lunar landing mission at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). The Saturn V vehicle was developed by MSFC under the direction of Dr. von Braun. The Apollo 11 mission launched from KSC in Florida via the MSFC developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, What -- Saturn, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4084
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The NASA developed Ares rockets, named for the Greek god associated with Mars, will return humans to the moon and later take them to Mars and other destinations. This is an illustration of the Ares V with call outs. The Ares V is a heavy lift launch vehicle that will use five RS-68 liquid oxygen/liquid hydrogen engines mounted below a larger version of the space shuttle external tank, and two five-segment solid propellant rocket boosters for the first stage. The upper stage will use the same...
Topics: What -- Ares Launch Vehicles, What -- Mars, What -- Moon, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3936
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Wernher von Braun, first director of the Marshall Space Flight Center, relaxes following the successful launch of the Saturn V carrying Apollo 11 to the moon. The towering 363-foot Saturn V was a multi-stage, multi-engine launch vehicle standing taller than the Statue of Liberty. Altogether, the Saturn V engines produced as much power as 85 Hoover Dams.
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Moon, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2583
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Engineers at the Marshall Space Flight Center install the F-1 engines on the S-IC stage thrust structure at the S-IC static test stand. Engines are installed on the stage after it has been placed in the test stand. Five F-1 engines, each weighing 10 tons, gave the booster a total thrust of 7,500,000 pounds, roughly equivalent to 160 million horsepower.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1152
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The fuel tank assembly of the Saturn V S-IC (first) stage is readied to be mated to the liquid oxygen tank at the Marshall Space Flight Center. The fuel tank carried kerosene as its fuel. The S-IC stage utilized five F-1 engines that used kerosene and liquid oxygen as propellant. Each engine provided 1,500,000 pounds of thrust. This stage lifted the entire vehicle and Apollo spacecraft from the launch pad.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1140
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun in his office with models of rockets, April 20, 1962. Dr. von Braun was the director of the Marshall Space Flight Center from July 1960 through February 1970.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1471
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This cutaway illustration shows the Saturn V S-IC (first) stage with detailed callouts of the components. The S-IC Stage is 138 feet long and 33 feet in diameter, producing 7,500,000 pounds of thrust through five F-1 engines that are powered by liquid oxygen and kerosene. Four of the engines are mounted on an outer ring and gimbal for control purposes. The fifth engine is rigidly mounted in the center. When ignited, the roar produced by the five engines equals the sound of 8,000,000 hi-fi sets.
Topic: What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1075
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph is a view of the Saturn V S-IC-5 (first) flight stage being hoisted into the S-IC-B1 test stand at the Mississippi Test Facility (MTF), Bay St. Louis, Mississippi. Begirning operations in 1966, the MTF has two test stands, a dual-position structure for running the S-IC stage at full throttle, and two separate stands for the S-II (Saturn V third) stage. It became the focus of the static test firing program. The completed S-IC stage was shipped from Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF)...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Mississippi, Where -- Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), Where -- Kennedy...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1159
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In a ceremony honoring Dr. Wernher von Braun, who served as Marshall Space Flight Center Director from 1960 to 1970, Marshall officials renamed the 4200 Building Complex as the Wernher von Braun Office Complex and unveiled a bust of the former director. This photograph is a close-up of the bust in the courtyard. The sculptor of the bust is a MSFC employee, Jack Hood.
Topics: What -- Sculptor, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1486
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The razor sharp eye of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) easily resolves the Sombrero galaxy, Messier 104 (M104). 50,000 light-years across, the galaxy is located 28 million light-years from Earth at the southern edge of the rich Virgo cluster of galaxies. Equivalent to 800 billion suns, Sombrero is one of the most massive objects in that group. The hallmark of Sombrero is a brilliant white, bulbous core encircled by the thick dust lanes comprising the spiral structure of the galaxy. As seen...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Earth, What -- Virgo, What -- Sun, Where -- Sombrero...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3937
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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One step closer to its maiden voyage, the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour rolls out of the Vehicle Assembly Building, headed to Launch Pad 39B. Launched on May 7th 1992, the STS-49 mission was the first U.S. orbital flight to feature 4 extravehicular activities (EVAs), and the first flight to involve 3 crew members working simultaneously outside of the spacecraft. The primary objective was the capture and redeployment of the INTELSAT VI (F-3) which was stranded in an unusable orbit since its...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Endeavour, What -- STS-49, What -- Titan
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3654
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Robert H. Goddard loading a 1918 version of the Bazooka of World War II. From 1930 to 1941, Dr. Goddard made substantial progress in the development of progressively larger rockets, which attained altitudes of 2400 meters, and refined his equipment for guidance and control, his techniques of welding, and his insulation, pumps, and other associated equipment. In many respects, Dr. Goddard laid the essential foundations of practical rocket technology
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=855
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this video, astronaut Peggy Whitson uses the Human Research Facility (HRF) Ultrasound Imaging System in the Destiny Laboratory of the International Space Station (ISS) to image her own heart. The Ultrasound Imaging System provides three-dimension image enlargement of the heart and other organs, muscles, and blood vessels. It is capable of high resolution imaging in a wide range of applications, both research and diagnostic, such as Echocardiography (ultrasound of the heart), abdominal,...
Topics: Who -- Peggy Whitson, What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3887
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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SA-210 Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) awaits the launch scheduled on July 15, 1975 on the launch pad at the Kennedy Space Center, the ASTP mission with astronauts Thomas Stafford, Vance Brand, and Donald "Deke" Slayton. The Saturn IB, developed under the direction of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), launched five manned Earth-orbital missions between 1968 and 1975: Apollo 7, Skylab 2, Skylab 3, Skylab 4, and the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project .
Topics: Who -- Vance Brand, What -- Apollo 7, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1038
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a detailed view of the back side of Moon in the vicinity of Crater No. 308 taken during the Apollo 11 mission. Apollo 11, the first manned lunar mission, launched from The Kennedy Space Center, Florida via a Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. The 3-man crew aboard the flight consisted of Neil A. Armstrong,...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, What -- Moon, What -- Crater,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2982
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is the official crew portrait of the Apollo 11 astronauts. Pictured from left to right are: Neil A. Armstrong, Commander; Michael Collins, Module Pilot; Edwin E. "Buzz" Aldrin, Lunar Module Pilot. Apollo 11 was the first marned lunar landing mission that placed the first humans on the surface of the moon and returned them back to Earth. Astronaut Armstrong became the first man on the lunar surface, and astronaut Aldrin became the second. Astronaut Collins piloted the Command...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Moon, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2828
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept depicts the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP), the first international docking of the U.S.'s Apollo spacecraft and the U.S.S.R.'s Soyuz spacecraft in space. The objective of the ASTP mission was to provide the basis for a standardized international system for docking of marned spacecraft. The Soyuz spacecraft, with Cosmonauts Alexei Leonov and Valeri Kubasov aboard, was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome near Tyuratam in the Kazakh, Soviet Socialist Republic, at 8:20...
Topics: Who -- Valeri Kubasov, Who -- Vance Brand, Who -- Donald Slayton, What -- Saturn, Where -- Kennedy...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1233
NASA Images
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The Shuttle Orbiter Enterprise inside of Marshall Space Flight Center's Dynamic Test Stand for Mated Vertical Ground Vibration tests (MVGVT). The tests marked the first time ever that the entire shuttle complement including Orbiter, external tank, and solid rocket boosters were vertically mated.
Topics: What -- Enterprise, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2546
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph is a view of a display, control console, and hand controller for the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) No. 2. The LRV was built to give Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration. It was an open-space and collapsible vehicle about 10 feet long with large mesh wheels, anterna, appendages, tool caddies, and camera. An LRV was used on each of the last three Apollo missions; Apollo 15, Apollo 16, and Apollo 17. It was built by the Boeing Company under the...
Topics: What -- Apollo 15, What -- Apollo 16, What -- Apollo 17, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1216
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is the crew for the Shuttle Endeavor STS-113 mission snapped during a training session in the Space Vehicle Mockup Facility at the Johnson Space Center. From the left are Astronauts James D. Wetherbee, STS-113 mission commander; Christopher J. (Gus) Loria, pilot; Michael E. Lopez-Alegria and John B. Herrington, mission specialists; Kerneth D. Bowersox, Expedition Six mission commander; Cosmonaut Nikloai M. Budarin and astronaut Donald A. Thomas, Expedition Six Flight Engineers. The...
Topics: What -- STS-113, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2790
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Two fuel tanks for the Saturn V S-IC stage at the Marshall Space Flight Center are shown in this photograph. Left is a liquid oxygen tank and an oxidizer tank is at right.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1135
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept depicts the Space Station Freedom as it would look orbiting the Earth, illustrated by Marshall Space Flight Center artist, Tom Buzbee. Scheduled to be completed in late 1999, this smaller configuration of the Space Station featured a horizontal truss structure that supported U.S., European, and Japanese Laboratory Modules; the U.S. Habitation Module; and three sets of solar arrays. The Space Station Freedom was an international, permanently marned, orbiting base to be...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1653
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) have identified what may be the most luminous star known; a celestial mammoth that releases up to 10-million times the power of the Sun and is big enough to fill the diameter of Earth's orbit. The star unleashes as much energy in six seconds as our Sun does in one year. The image, taken by a UCLA-led team with the recently installed Near-Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) aboard the HST, also reveals a bright nebula, created...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Sun, What -- Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1719
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured is an artist's concept of the Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) launch. The RBCC's overall objective is to provide a technology test bed to investigate critical technologies associated with opperational usage of these engines. The program will focus on near term technologies that can be leveraged to ultimately serve as the near term basis for Two Stage to Orbit (TSTO) air breathing propulsions systems and ultimately a Single Stage To Orbit (SSTO) air breathing propulsion system.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=582
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An Atlas Centaur rocket (AC-S9) was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station complex 36B carrying into orbit the Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite (CRRES) spacecraft. CRRES was a joint NASA/Air Force mission to study the effects of chemical release on the Earth?s atmosphere and magnetosphere.
Topics: What -- Atlas, What -- Centaur, What -- CRRES
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3354
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This illustration is a cutaway view of the Orbital Workshop (OWS) showing details of the living and working quarters. The OWS was divided into two major compartments. The lower level provided crew accommodations for sleeping, food preparation and consumption, hygiene, waste processing and disposal, and performance of certain experiments. The upper level consisted of a large work area and housed water storage tanks, a food freezer, storage vaults for film, scientific airlocks, mobility and...
Topic: What -- Skylab
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1252
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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A comparison image of the M100 Galactic Nucleus, taken by the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Wide Field Planetary Camera-1 (WF/PC1) and Wide Field Planetary Camera-2 (WF/PC2). The HST was placed in a low-Earth orbit by the Space Shuttle Discovery, STS-31 mission, in April 1990. Two months after its deployment in space, scientists detected a 2-micron spherical aberration in the primary mirror of the HST that affected the telescope's ability to focus faint light sources into a precise point. This...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Wide Field Planetary...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1713
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Attired in a training version of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) space suit, STS-115 astronaut and mission specialist, Heidemarie M. Stefanyshyn-Piper, is about to begin a training session in the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory (NBL) near Johnson Space Center in preparation for the STS-115 mission. Launched on September 9, 2006, the STS-115 mission continued assembly of the International Space Station (ISS) with the installation of the truss segments P3 and P4.
Topics: What -- STS-115, What -- International Space Station (ISS), Where -- Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3851
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This interior photograph of Skylab's multiple docking adapter (MDA) flight article, then undergoing outfitting at the Martin Marietta Corporation's Space Center facility in Denver, Colorado, shows the forward cone area and docking turnel (center) that attached to the Apollo Command Module. Designed and manufactured by the Marshall Space Flight Center, the MDA housed the control units for the Apollo Telescope Mount (ATM), Earth Resources Experiment Package (EREP), and Zero-Gravity Materials...
Topics: What -- Earth, What -- Skylab, Where -- Denver, Where -- Colorado, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1219
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows the U.S. Laboratory Module (also called Destiny) for the International Space Station (ISS), in the Space Station manufacturing facility at the Marshall Space Flight Center, being readied for shipment to the Kennedy Space Center. The U.S. Laboratory module is the centerpiece of the ISS, where science experiments will be performed in the near-zero gravity of space. The Destiny Module was launched aboard the Space Shuttle orbiter Atlantis (STS-67 mission) on February 7, 2001....
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1607
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What -- Apollo 11, What -- Saturn, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=4030
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept from 1962 show a three hundred-sixty ton spaceship, powered by a forty-megawatt nuclear-electric power plant, transporting a three-man crew to Mars. As envisioned by Marshall Space Flight Center engineers, a five-ship convoy would make the round trip journey in about five hundred days.
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Topics: What -- Mars, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2155
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) was designed to transport astronauts and materials on the Moon. It was a collapsible open-space vehicle about 10 feet long with large mesh wheels, anterna, appendages, tool caddies, and cameras. Powered by two 36-volt batteries, it has four 1/4-hp drive motors, one for each wheel. The vehicle was designed to travel in forward or reverse, negotiate obstacles about 1 foot high, cross crevasses about 2 feet wide, and climb or descend moderate slopes. Its speed limit...
Topics: What -- Moon, What -- Apollo 15, What -- Apollo 16, What -- Apollo 17, Where -- Marshall Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1221
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Thor-Delta-5 launched an Earth observation satellite, TIROS III (Television Infrared Observation Satellite), on July 12, 1961.
Topic: What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=899
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows a rear view of a folded configuration of the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) No. 2. The LRV was built to give Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration. It was an open-space and collapsible vehicle about 10 feet long with large mesh wheels, anterna, appendages, tool caddies, and camera. An LRV was used on each of the last three Apollo missions; Apollo 15, Apollo 16, and Apollo 17. It was built by the Boeing Company under the direction of the...
Topics: What -- Apollo 15, What -- Apollo 16, What -- Apollo 17, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1214
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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An artist's rendering of the air-breathing, hypersonic X-43B, the third and largest of NASA's Hyper-X series flight demonstrators, which could fly later this decade. Revolutionizing the way we gain access to space is NASA's primary goal for the Hypersonic Investment Area, managed for NASA by the Advanced Space Transportation Program at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The Hypersonic Investment area, which includes leading-edge partners in industry and academia, will...
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2474
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Two companies have successfully commercialized a specialized welding tool developed at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Friction stir welding uses the high rotational speed of a tool and the resulting frictional heat created from contact to crush, "stir" together, and forge a bond between two metal alloys. It has had a major drawback, reliance on a single-piece pin tool. The pin is slowly plunged into the joint between two materials to be welded and rotated as high speed. At...
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1997
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph shows the Saturn V S-IC-S stage (S-IC stage for structural test) liquid oxygen (LOX) tank being lifted in the vehicle assembly building at the Marshall Space Flight Center.
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1147
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In this photograph, the U.S. Laboratory Module (also called Destiny) for the International Space Station (ISS) is shown under construction in the West High Bay of the Space Station manufacturing facility (building 4708) at the Marshall Space Flight Center. The U.S. Laboratory module is the centerpiece of the ISS, where science experiments will be performed in the near-zero gravity of space. The Destiny Module was launched aboard the Space Shuttle orbiter Atlantis (STS-98 mission) on February 7,...
Topics: What -- Destiny, What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1603
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept from 1963 shows a proposed NERVA (Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application) incorporating the NRX-A1, the first NERVA-type cold flow reactor. The NERVA engine, based on Kiwi nuclear reactor technology, was intended to power a RIFT (Reactor-In-Flight-Test) nuclear stage, for which Marshall Space Flight Center had development responsibility.
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1812
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The ignition of Juno II (AM-19A). Juno II (AM-19) successfully placed a physics and astronomy satellite, Explorer VII, in orbit on October 13, 1959.
Topic: What -- Explorer
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=890
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This photograph was taken during a deployment simulation of the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV). The LRV was built to give Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during the last three lunar exploration missions; Apollo 15, Apollo 16, and Apollo 17. It was designed and developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center and built by the Boeing Company.
Topics: What -- Apollo 15, What -- Apollo 16, What -- Apollo 17, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1209
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. Lisa E. Freed of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and her colleagues have reported that initially disc-like specimens tend to become spherical in space, demonstrating that tissues can grow and differentiate into distinct structures in microgravity. The Mir Increment 3 (Sept. 16, 1996 - Jan. 22, 1997) samples were smaller, more spherical, and mechanically weaker than Earth-grown control samples. These results demonstrate the feasibility of microgravity tissue engineering and may...
Topics: What -- Russian Mir Space Station, What -- Earth, Where -- Massachusetts, Where -- Johnson Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2134
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In a ceremony honoring Dr. Wernher von Braun, who served as Marshall Space Flight Center Director from 1960 to 1970, Marshall officials renamed the 4200 Building Complex as the Wernher von Braun Office Complex and unveiled a bust of the former director. This photograph is a close-up of the bust in the courtyard. The sculptor of the bust is a MSFC employee, Jack Hood.
Topics: What -- Sculptor, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=966
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Artist John Frassanito's concept of three Single-Stage-to-Orbit (SSTO) Reusable Launch Vehicles (RLV's). Depicted from the left are: The Lockheed-Martin lifting body configuration that uses an integrated linear aerospike main engine; the McDornell Douglas vertical landing configuration; and the Rockwell wing body configuration that uses liquid oxygen and hydrogen bell engines.
Topic: Where -- Douglas
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1763
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Managed by Marshall Space Flight Center, the Space Tug concept was intended to be a reusable multipurpose space vehicle designed to transport payloads to different orbital inclinations. Utilizing mission-specific combinations of its three primary modules (crew, propulsion, and cargo) and a variety of supplementary kits, the Space Tug would have been capable of numerous space applications. This 1971 image shows the basic Propulsion Module and attached elements in their functional configurations....
Topic: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1813
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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AS-501, the first flight of the Saturn V launch vehicle, takes flight from Kennedy Space Center's Launch Pad 39A on November 9, 1967. The unmanned mission, also designated Apollo 4, marked the first test flight of the S-IC and S-II stages, developed for the Saturn program under the direction of the Marshall Space Flight Center.
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Apollo 4, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Where -- Marshall Space...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2157
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis, the STS-37 mission launched April 5, 1991 from launch pad 39B at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, and landed back on Earth April 11, 1991. The 39th shuttle mission included crew members: Steven R. Nagel, commander; Kenneth D. Cameron, pilot; Jerry L,. Ross, mission specialist 1; Jay Apt, mission specialist 2; and Linda M. Godwin, mission specialist 3. The primary payload for the mission was the Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO). The GRO included the Burst and...
Topics: Who -- Steven R. Nagel, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-37, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2945
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This 1970 photograph shows Skylab's Ultraviolet (UV) Airglow Horizon Photography experiment. It was an astrophysics investigation designed to photograph the twilight airflow and Earth's ozone layer simultaneously in visible and UV wavelengths. These observations provided information on oxygen, nitrogen, and ozone layers in the Earth's atmosphere, and on their variation during night and day cycles. The Marshall Space Flight Center had program management responsibility for the development of...
Topics: What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1360
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun with a model of a V2 rocket.
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=919
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This concept is a cutaway illustration of the Lunar Module (LM) with detailed callouts. The LM was a two part spacecraft. Its lower or descent stage had the landing gear, engines, and fuel needed for the landing. When the LM blasted off the Moon, the descent stage served as the launching pad for its companion ascent stage, which was also home for the two astronauts on the surface of the Moon. The LM was full of gear with which to communicate, navigate, and rendezvous. It also had its own...
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Topic: What -- Moon
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1169
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Released to commemorate the 14th anniversary of NASA?s Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is the image of a galaxy cataloged as AM 0644-741. Resembling a diamond encrusted bracelet, the ring of brilliant blue star clusters wraps around a yellowish nucleus of what was once a normal spiral galaxy. Located 300 million light years away in the direction of the southern constellation Dorado, the sparkling blue ring is 150,000 light years in diameter, making it larger than our entire home galaxy, the Milky...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Constellation, What -- Dorado, What -- Advanced...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2927
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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In the 19th century, astronomer V. M. Slipher first discovered a hat-like object that appeared to be rushing away from us at 700 miles per second. This enormous velocity offered some of the earliest clues that it was really another galaxy, and that the universe was expanding in all directions. The trained razor sharp eye of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) easily resolves this Sombrero galaxy, Messier 104 (M104). The galaxy is 50,000 light-years across and is located 28 million light-years from...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Earth, What -- Virgo, Where -- Sombrero Galaxy, Where...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3938
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The test laboratory of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) tested the F-1 engine, the most powerful rocket engine ever fired at MSFC. The engine was tested on the newly modified Saturn IB static test stand that had been used for three years to test the Saturn I eight-engine booster, S-I (first) stage. In 1961, the test stand was modified to permit static firing of the S-I/S-IB stage and the name of the stand was then changed to the S-IB Static Test Stand. Producing a combined thrust of...
Topics: What -- Saturn, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1130
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Dr. von Braun began his association with Walt Disney in the 1950s when the rocket scientist appeared in three Disney television productions related to the exploration of space. Years later, Dr. von Braun invited Disney and his associates to tour the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama. This photograph is dated April 13, 1965. From left are R.J. Schwinghamer from the MSFC, Disney, B.J. Bernight, and Dr. von Braun.
Topics: Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Alabama
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1916
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This September 1967 photograph shows workmen removing a mockup of the Saturn V S-IVB stage that housed the Skylab Orbital Workshop (OWS) from the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), building 4755. The mockup was shipped to McDornell Douglas in Huntington, California for design modifications. NASA used the mockup as an engineering design tool to plan structures, equipment, and experiments for Skylab, an orbiting space laboratory. The MSFC had program management responsibility for the...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Skylab, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Where -- Douglas,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1260
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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President John F. Kennedy, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson and Marshall Space Flight Center Director Dr. Wernher von Braun at the Redstone Arsenal Airfield, September 11, 1962. Kennedy and Johnson visited the Marshall Center to tour national space facilities.
Topics: Who -- Lyndon B. Johnson, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2163
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Space Shuttle represented an entirely new generation of space vehicle, the world's first reusable spacecraft. Unlike earlier expendable rockets, the Shuttle was designed to be launched over and over again and would serve as a system for ferrying payloads and persornel to and from Earth orbit. The Shuttle's major components are the orbiter spacecraft; the three main engines, with a combined thrust of more than 1.2 million pounds; the huge external tank (ET) that feeds the liquid hydrogen...
Topics: What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1659
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Still photographs taken over 16 hours on Nov. 13, 2001, on the International Space Station have been condensed into a few seconds to show the de-mixing -- or phase separation -- process studied by the Experiment on Physics of Colloids in Space. Commanded from the ground, dozens of similar tests have been conducted since the experiment arrived on ISS in 2000. The sample is a mix of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA or acrylic) colloids, polystyrene polymers and solvents. The circular area in the...
Topics: What -- International Space Station (ISS), What -- Earth
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2703
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Pictured left to right, in the Apollo 7 Crew Portrait, are astronauts R. Walter Cunningham, Lunar Module pilot; Walter M. Schirra, Jr., commander; and Donn F. Eisele, Command Module Pilot. The Apollo 7 mission, boosted by a Saturn IB launch vehicle on October 11, 1968, was the first manned flight of the Apollo spacecraft.
Topics: Who -- Walter Cunningham, Who -- Donn F. Eisele, What -- Apollo 7, What -- Saturn
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3819
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This view of the Lunar surface was taken during the Apollo 17 mission. The seventh and last manned lunar landing and return to Earth mission, the Apollo 17, carrying a crew of three astronauts: Mission Commander Eugene A. Cernan; Lunar Module pilot Harrison H. Schmitt; and Command Module pilot Ronald E. Evans, lifted off on December 7, 1972 from the Kennedy Space Flight Center (KSC). Scientific objectives of the Apollo 17 mission included geological surveying and sampling of materials and...
Topics: What -- Apollo 17, What -- Earth, What -- Taurus, What -- LACE, Where -- Marshall Space Flight...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3033
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Outer dimensions of the International Standard Payload Rack (ISPR) that will be used on the International Space Station (ISS) sets the envelope for scientists designing hardware for experiments in biological and physical sciences aboard ISS. The ISPR includes attachments to ISS utilities (electrical power, heating and cooling, data, fluids, vacuum, etc.) through standoffs that hold the racks in place in the lab modules. Usage will range from facilities that take entire racks to specialized...
Topic: What -- International Space Station (ISS)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=2074
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via a Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. Aboard were Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module pilot. The Command Module (CM), piloted by Michael Collins...
Topics: Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, What -- Apollo 11, What --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3022
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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The Saturn V vehicle, carrying the unmarned orbital workshop for the Skylab-1 mission, lifted off successfully and all systems performed normally. Sixty-three seconds into flight, engineers in the operation support and control center saw an unexpected telemetry indication that signalled that damages occurred on one solar array and the micrometeoroid shield during the launch. The micrometeoroid shield, a thin protective cylinder surrounding the workshop protecting it from tiny space particles...
Topics: What -- Saturn, What -- Skylab, What -- PARASOL, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1310
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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Attired in a training version of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) space suit, astronaut and mission specialist Kalpana Chawla, prepares to go underwater in the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory (NBL) near Johnson Space Center. This particular training was in preparation for the STS-87 mission. The Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-87) was the fourth flight of the United States Microgravity Payload (USMP-4) and Spartan-201 satellite, both managed by scientists and engineers from the Marshall Space...
Topics: Who -- Kalpana Chawla, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- STS-87, What -- Columbia, Where --...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=3854
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This is a close-up view of a left front wheel of the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) No. 1. The LRV was built to give Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration. It was an open-space and collapsible vehicle about 10 feet long with large mesh wheels, anterna, appendages, tool caddies, and camera. An LRV was used on each of the last three Apollo missions; Apollo 15, Apollo 16, and Apollo 17. It was built by the Boeing Company under the direction of the Marshall Space Flight...
Topics: What -- Apollo 15, What -- Apollo 16, What -- Apollo 17, Where -- Marshall Space Flight Center...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1203
NASA Images
by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center
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This artist's concept depicts the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) being raised to a vertical position in the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle orbiter. The HST is the product of a partnership between NASA, European Space Agency Contractors, and the international community of astronomers. It is named after Edwin P. Hubble, an American Astronomer who discovered the expanding nature of the universe and was the first to realize the true nature of galaxies. The purpose of the HST, the most complex and...
Topics: What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Earth, What -- COMETS,...
Source: http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=1692