The framework provided by the Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory allows the quantification of metabolic processes and the associated biological rates that are of interest for aquaculture, such as growth and feeding. The DEB parameters were estimated for farmed European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), a species of major importance for the Mediterranean aquaculture, using zero- and uni-variate literature data and achieving an overall good fit. The obtained parameter set was used to validate the model on sites representatively covering the geographic distribution of the aquaculture activity in Greece via comparison of model predictions to observations. Inter-individual variability of farmed fish was introduced through: 1) an individual initial weight and 2) a factor that acts as an individual-specific multiplier for some of the model parameters and produces scatter in maximum size, and age and size at puberty. Growth of E. sea bass was adequately predicted by the model while feeding tended to be underestimated, particularly during the period following the summer months when warmer temperatures promote high growth rates. The results suggest robustness of the model since it is able to simulate growth and food intake in several independent aquaculture production units, using a common parameter set. The accuracy of growth predictions supports the applicability of the model in variable environmental conditions in the context of climate change. Reconstruction of the feeding history from growth data revealed variations in the scaled functional response (f), i.e., the feeding rate as fraction of maximum possible one of an individual of a given size, throughout the production cycle. However, model simulations with constant f result in reasonably good predictions for growth and feeding in variable environmental conditions. Tendency of the model to underestimate the feeding process revealed both model weaknesses associated with higher temperatures as well as irregularities in the feeding protocols applied at the farm level. Our work demonstrates the capacity and potential of DEB theory for further development of tools that contribute to the assessment and improvement of feeding practices in aquaculture.