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Mendeley Climate Change Library

To support vital research being carried out into climate change, Mendeley has created the Climate Change Library – a collection of over 5,000 articles published across 412 Elsevier journals in 2018 and 2019. The articles are freely available until the end of 2019 for all existing and new Mendeley users to download and read.


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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by J. Caubel; I. Garcia de Cortazar-Atauri; A. C. Vivant; M. Launay; N. de Noblet-Ducoudré
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Recent climate change has already affected maize cropping in France allowing for example earlier sowing dates in southern France and the growth of early season varieties in northern parts of the country. The climate will continue to evolve as discussed in all IPCC reports and there is a need for farmers, seed companies and agricultural cooperative corporations to be able to anticipate those changes. The ambition of our work is to provide them with the means to get ready to adapt by analyzing a)...
Topics: Climate change, Climate suitability, Crop ecophysiology, Crop phenology, Ecoclimatic indicators,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lisa Westerhoff; Stephen R.J. Sheppard; Deepti Mathew Iype; Shirlene Cote
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Substantial public engagement in and support for climate action is needed to prevent the worst impacts of climate change from occurring. Efforts to boost such engagement can be collectively referred to as “social mobilization” initiatives, which can take a number of forms, from government-led planning processes to neighbourhood-scale grassroots initiatives. Such programs hold significant promise in their ability to lower perceptual barriers about climate change and increase motivation for...
Topics: Digital media, Energy, Public engagement, Social mobilization
Extreme weather events are occurring more frequently as a result of climate change. Recently dengue fever has become a serious issue in southern Taiwan. It may have characteristic temporal scales that can be identified. Some researchers have hypothesized that dengue fever incidences are related to climate change. This study applies time-frequency analysis to time series data concerning dengue fever and hydrologic and meteorological variables. Results of two time-frequency analytical methods -...
Topics: Climate change, Cross correlation, Dengue fever, Hilbert Huang transform, Time-frequency analysis,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Due to climate change and human activities, drought frequency and its corresponding impact have intensified in many regions across China. Reservoirs are key in regulating streamflow and mitigating a drought's impact. Therefore, it is vital to analyze their drought mitigation ability. In this study, the drought adaptation capacity and drought resistance capacity of the reservoir are selected as two drought mitigation ability metrics to measure the effectiveness of a reservoir when facing a...
Topics: Drought adaptation capacity, Drought mitigation ability, Drought resistance capacity, Reservoir,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mohan B. Dangi; Ram P. Chaudhary; Kedar Rijal; Peter D. Stahl; Shashidhar Belbase; Kenneth G. Gerow; Deanna Fernandez; Binod Pyakurel
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To understand local perceptions of the impacts of environmental change in two mountain districts of Nepal — Myagdi and Mustang — between 2010 and 2014, a survey, focus groups, town hall meetings, and extensive consultation with local stakeholders were conducted, supplemented by analyses of soil, rainfall, and temperature data. Mountain people in Nepal shared their perceptions of environmental change in their everyday lives, including agricultural practices and tourism activities. While...
Topics: Annapurna Conservation Area, Climate change in the Nepalese Himalayas, Kali Gandaki River,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pei Wang; Xiangzheng Deng; Huimin Zhou; Shangkun Yu
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There is a great deal of evidence that climate change affects socioeconomic systems. The social cost of carbon (SCC) is calculated by scientists to monetarize the incremental unit of carbon emission and is used to assess climate policies. This study begins with a review of current research on the SCC, followed by a discussion of the choice of models for the SCC. We give a list of advantages of disadvantages of each model and finally use a meta-analysis to evaluate the SCC from published...
Topics: Economics of climate change, Integrated assessment model, Literature review, SCC, meta-Analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Laila Hossain; Sumit Kanti Sarker; Mohidus Samad Khan
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The textile sector has been an important part of Bangladesh's (BD) economy over the past few decades. In Bangladesh, the textile sector currently has an export value of nearly 28 billion USD per year which contributes about 82% of the country's total export earnings. It is projected that the annual ready-made garment (RMG) export value will be about 50 billion USD per year by 2021. However, the growth of Bangladeshi RMG sector is associated with different environmental issues, mostly caused by...
Topics: Pollution load, Textile, Untreated effluent, Wastewater impacts
Much literature discusses higher education as an agent for sustainable development, but the extent to which higher education contributes to unsustainable economic and social systems receives less attention. This paper examines the environmental impacts of international student mobility in higher education. Combining several datasets, the paper presents a model of greenhouse gas emissions associated with international student mobility. Estimates suggest that these emissions are substantial and...
Topics: Aviation, Climate change, Greenhouse gas emissions, Higher education, Mobility, Sustainable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Transition to renewable energy systems is essential to achieve the climate change mitigation targets. However, the timing and the regions of the production and consumption of the renewable energy do not always match, and different energy storage technologies are needed to secure the uninterrupted energy supply. Liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs) offer a flexible media for the storage and transportation of renewable energy. These “liquid hydrogen batteries” are reversibly hydrogenated...
Topics: Dibenzyl toluene, Energy storage, Hydrogen, Liquid organic hydrogen carriers, Methanol
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by V. S.C. Tunn; N. M.P. Bocken; E. A. van den Hende; J. P.L. Schoormans
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Combining sustainable consumption with the circular economy concept could help tackle challenges, such as resource scarcity and climate change by reducing resource throughput and increasing cycling of products and materials within the economic system, thereby reducing emissions and virgin material use. To achieve sustainable consumption in a circular economy production and consumption practices need to change. Business models can potentially influence both practices as it defines how a company...
Topics: Business model, Circular economy, Clothing industry, Expert interview, Sufficiency, Sustainable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hengky K. Salim; Rory Padfield; Sune Balle Hansen; Shaza Eva Mohamad; Ali Yuzir; Khadijah Syayuti; Mun Hou Tham; Effie Papargyropoulou
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The International Organisation for Standardization (ISO) 14001 Environmental Management System (EMS) standard provides a guideline for an organisation to perform a continuous improvement to their environmental performance. In light of continued concerns over global environmental impacts and climate change, the ISO 14001 standard serves to demonstrate organisational commitment to sustainable production processes. The objective of our paper is to determine the thematic and geographical trends of...
Topics: Bibliometric analysis, Environmental management system, ISO 14001, Multi-stakeholder framework,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hanxue Liang; Jian Guo Huang; Qianqian Ma; Jingye Li; Zhou Wang; Xiali Guo; Huoxing Zhu; Shaowei Jiang; Peng Zhou; Biyun Yu; Dawei Luo
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It is critical to investigate the effects of competition and climate on forest growth as they are main forces affecting forest dynamics. However, in subtropics of China such a study has never been conducted. Here we conducted a pioneer study to evaluate the effects of competition and climate on growth of Chinese red pine (Pinus massoniana) in mixed forests of subtropical China along a broad latitudinal gradient (23°N∼32°N). Twenty-three plots (20m × 20m) were randomly selected from 11...
Topics: Climate change, Dendroecology, Distant-independent competition index, Pinus massoniana, Subtropical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lucie Pokorná; Monika Kučerová; Radan Huth
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Recent global warming has not been ubiquitous: there are seasons, regions, and time periods with negligible or even negative air temperature trends (frequently referred to as warming holes). This paper presents a novel method enabling a proper localization of specific trend events, such as periods of warming holes, of a particularly strong warming, and of rapid transitions of trend amplitudes during the calendar year. The method consists in analyzing trends for periods of a given length (10 to...
Topics: Annual cycle, Climate change, Europe, Maximum temperature, Minimum temperature, Temperature trend
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The floodplain of the Veneto region (north-east Italy)is one of the most inhabited and economically competitive urban landscapes in Europe. Moreover, recent flood events have caused millions of Euros in damage across the region. Due to the combined influence of climate change and socio-economic development, flood impacts are expected to grow. Therefore, it is important for all flood-prone individuals to actively manage and limit flood risk through property-level flood risk management as part of...
Topics: Flood risk, Italy, Preparedness, Risk perception, Willingness to pay
The increasing use of pesticides during the past five decades has highlighted the potential risk posed by pesticides to the environment. The unequivocal presence of pesticide residues in soil, sediment and water samples has raised public and scientific awareness. Pesticides are exposed to environmental conditions and thus they can be degraded by the influence of physical, chemical and biological factors, volatilized, adsorbed by soil colloids and transported offsite by surface runoff and...
Forest aboveground biomass (AGB) is an important factor for tracking global carbon cycle to tackle the impact of climate change. Among all available remote sensing data and methods, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data in combination with decision tree based machine learning algorithms has produced favourable results in estimating higher biomass values. Suitability of this method for dense tropical forests has not been properly checked with an adequate number of studies. In this study,...
Topics: Random forest, SAR remote sensing, Stochastic gradient boosting
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The most serious problem facing humanity is that we have only a few decades in which to implement effective measures to stop global warming. For these years up to about 2065, fission energy from light water thermal reactors is relevant as an available, developed and proven non-carbon technology with the potential to make an essential contribution to the mitigation of global warming, in addition to renewable energy. Nuclear power is expected to have more economic advantages than intermittent...
Topics: Climate change, Fission energy, Fusion energy, Nuclear reactor licensing
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In the wake of the continued failure to mitigate greenhouse gases, researchers have explored the possibility of injecting aerosols into the stratosphere in order to cool global temperatures. This paper discusses whether Stratospheric Aerosol Injection (SAI) should be researched, on the controversial ethical assumption that reducing existential risk is overwhelmingly morally important. On the one hand, SAI could eliminate the environmental existential risks of climate change (arguably around a...
Topics: Climate change, Existential risk, Geoengineering, Moral hazard, Stratospheric aerosol injection
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Amina Antonacci; Fabiana Arduini; Danila Moscone; Giuseppe Palleschi; Viviana Scognamiglio
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Intense farming represents one of the main sources causing detriments to vital resources as lands and water, due to unsustainable agricultural practices and the resulting environmental pollution. Furthermore, the increasing world population and the impact of climate change contribute to worsen these constraints. To these regards, several attempts have been completed to provide pioneering technologies for facing against these challenges, including nanostructured (bio)sensors. Indeed,...
Topics: Nanomaterials, Nanostructured (bio)sensors, Smart agriculture, Soil physico-chemical parameters...
UHI is the most studied phenomenon of climate change and refers to the increased ambient temperature of cities compared to rural settings. Implementation of reflective materials to urban structures, such as roads and pavements, reduces the surface and ambient temperature and contributes to counterbalance the impact of the phenomenon. The present paper describes the design and the experimental evaluation of a large scale implementation of cool asphaltic and concrete pavements in a major traffic...
Topics: Cool coloured thin layer asphalt, Cool materials and pavements, Heat island, Heat island mitigation...
The conversion of extreme xeromorphic vegetation (natural desert forest) to agricultural lands is one of the largest land-use changes in the arid desert region of China over the past 30 years, which may substantially influence soil respiration, and hence may largely determine local climate change. However, few studies have considered the change in soil respiration across natural desert forest and agricultural lands in the arid desert region. In this study, soil respiration and its influencing...
Topics: Agricultural activities, Climate change, Deforestation, Extreme xeromorphic vegetation, Land-use...
Exploring the effects of orographic events and climatic shifts on geographic distribution of organism in the Hengduan Mountains Region (HMR) and its eastern adjacent area is crucial to the understanding of the environmental changes to organismal evolution. To gain further insight into these processes, we reconstruct evolutionary history of ten species in Allium section Sikkimensia, distributed across regions abovementioned. Using chloroplast and nuclear sequence variation of 79 populations of...
Topics: Allium section Sikkimensia, Environmental changes, Hengduan Mountains Region, Morphological...
As a semi-natural ecosystem, the agroecosystem is both a major provider and a major beneficiary of ecosystem services (ES). The aim of this paper was to contribute to the scientific understanding of the current status of AES research, recognize the knowledge base and influential articles, and uncover the key research themes and how the research themes have evolved over the past decade. Bibliometric methods based on the ISI Web of Science (WoS) database were used to analyse articles related to...
Topics: Agriculture, Bibliometric analysis, Biodiversity, Ecosystem service
For several decades, water policy reform and the design of governance systems were dominated by simplistic panaceas. This was accompanied by changing preferences for specific types of policy instruments and modes of steering. Such dominance has given way to a more nuanced understanding of requirements for sustainable and integrated water governance capable of addressing the challenges of global and climate change. This paper focusses on the role of governance modes and on meta-governance....
Topics: Governance mode, Meta-governance, Water governance system
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shakeel A. Khan; Gulshan K. Sharma; Fayaz A. Malla; Amit Kumar; undefined Rashmi; Navindu Gupta
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The most important requirement of the agrarian advancement is resilient nutrient source for agriculture without jeopardizing the environmental assets and economy of the country. An algal biorefinery approach is the prime requirement for the sustainable production of biodiesel and biofertilizers after remediation of wastewater. In the present study, the microalgae Chlorella minutissima, Scendesmus spp and Nostoc muscorum and their consortium were used for the biorefinery approach. C. minutissima...
Topics: Biodiesel, Biofertilizers, Biorefinery, Chlorella, Phycoremediation, Wastewater
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Duy Nong; Mahinda Siriwardana; Subashini Perera; Duong Binh Nguyen
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Mitigating and adapting to the effects of climate change is an ongoing concern for developing countries like Vietnam. Hence, Vietnam ratified the Paris agreement without delay in October 2016. As a part of its climate policy strategy, the government is proposing to increase the taxes either on coal by 50% or petroleum products by 33.33%. This study employs the GTAP-E-Power model with additional improvements to include non-CO 2 emissions to examine the impacts of such a policy on the Vietnamese...
Topics: Computable general equilibrium, Electricity sector, Energy tax, Environmental policy, GTAP-E-Power,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rajashree Kotharkar; Aparna Ramesh; Anurag Bagade
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South Asian cities are home to nearly 15% of the world's urban population. These cities are experiencing rampant environmental deterioration, making them vulnerable to the impacts of climate change phenomenon, one of which is urban-rural temperature difference known as urban heat island (UHI) effect. While South Asian UHI research publications have tripled since 2000, a comprehensive overview of the experimental results, significant advancements and predominant directions in research is...
Topics: South Asia, Tropical Climate, Urban Heat Islands
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jiannong Fang; Alexander Peringer; Mihai Sorin Stupariu; Ileana Pǎtru-Stupariu; Alexandre Buttler; Francois Golay; Fernando Porté-Agel
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Many mountainous regions with high wind energy potential are characterized by multi-scale variabilities of vegetation in both spatial and time dimensions, which strongly affect the spatial distribution of wind resource and its time evolution. To this end, we developed a coupled interdisciplinary modeling framework capable of assessing the shifts in wind energy potential following land-use driven vegetation dynamics in complex mountain terrain. It was applied to a case study area in the Romanian...
Topics: Atmospheric boundary layer, Digital elevation model, Land cover, Large-eddy simulation, Model...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by José A. Aznar-Sánchez; Juan F. Velasco-Muñoz; Luis J. Belmonte-Ureña; Francisco Manzano-Agugliaro
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In recent decades, the scarcity of water resources, the deterioration of aquatic ecosystems and associated repercussions for other ecosystems have become major global challenges. In this context, research on water ecosystem services has become increasingly important. The objective of this work is to analyse the evolution of this line of research worldwide for the period 1998–2017. A bibliometric analysis showed that this line of research has been gaining relevance within the ecosystem...
Topics: Bibliometric analysis, Ecosystem services, Scientific research, Scopus, Water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Larissa A. Ivanova; Leonid A. Ivanov; Dina A. Ronzhina; Polina K. Yudina; Svetlana V. Migalina; Timurjav Shinehuu; Gundsambuu Tserenkhand; Pavel Yu Voronin; Sergey N. Bazha; Peter D. Gunin
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Increasing aridity is one of the most important trends of current climate change. Leaf functional traits suggest a substantial basis for assessing the aridity effects on vegetation. However, since plants possess diverse leaf morphology and anatomy due to different evolutionary history of taxa, the effect of aridity can hardly be revealed in a multi-species analysis. We studied leaf functional traits for 317 samples of 193 plant species in steppe and desert communities along a 1600-km...
Topics: Aridity gradient, Desert steppe, Leaf morphology, Mesophyll surface, Photosynthetic performance,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Flowers are likely to be under various selective pressures not limited to reproduction and resource trade-offs. Here, we investigate the physiological responses (conductance, transpiration and respiration) of flowers under augmented temperature and supplemental watering, link these responses to actual flower longevity, and search for evidence of adaptive plasticity. Flower maintenance costs and plant fitness were investigated using the Andean geophyte, Rhodolirium montanum, in a manipulative...
Topics: Actual flower longevity, Alpine, Conductance, Gas-exchange, Open-top chamber, Water stress
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Santiago Fernández-Rodríguez; Pablo Durán-Barroso; Inmaculada Silva-Palacios; Rafael Tormo-Molina; José María Maya-Manzano; Ángela Gonzalo-Garijo; Alejandro Monroy-Colin
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Airborne grass pollen is the main cause of allergenic diseases in many parts of the world although its frequency differs regionally. This risk could be included in the context of urban air pollution and climate change as environmental hazard and factors provoking allergies. The main objective of this study is to construct a local statistical forecasting model that takes the peculiarities of the daily average grass airborne pollen concentrations from an urban area placed in a city in the SW of...
Topics: Airborne natural risk, Allergy, Environmental modelling, Grass pollen, Time series analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ana Sofia Buza Gontijo; Camila Santos Garcia; Alexandre Ferreira Righi; Conrado A.B. Galdino
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Rising temperatures accompanying global climate change are expected to affect mountain lizards. Therefore, basic information on how these ectotherms deal with their thermal environment is important for further management. We conducted a field study to evaluate how body temperature of the small-sized mountain lizard Eurolophosaurus nanuzae relates to the thermal environment. After capture, the body temperature of the lizards was measured immediately, quickly followed by the substrate and air...
Topics: Ectothermy, Eurolophosaurus nanuzae, Thermal biology, Thermal ecology, Tropiduridade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. E. Hartman; M. P. Humphreys; C. Kivimäe; E. M.S. Woodward; V. Kitidis; T. McGrath; D. J. Hydes; T. Hull; C. Ostle; D. J. Pearce; D. Sivyer; B. M. Stewart; P. Walsham; S. C. Painter; E. McGovern
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In 2014-5 the UK NERC sponsored an 18 month long Shelf Sea Biogeochemistry research programme which collected over 1500 nutrient and carbonate system samples across the NW European Continental shelf, one of the largest continental shelves on the planet. This involved the cooperation of 10 different Institutes and Universities, using 6 different vessels. Additional carbon dioxide (CO2) data were obtained from the underway systems on three of the research vessels. Here, we present and discuss...
Topics: Carbonate chemistry, Nutrients, Shelf seas
The prevalence of land-terminating Greenland Ice Sheet margins is expected to increase as tidewater glaciers retreat onto land, yet few studies have characterized the sensitivity of these slow-moving margins to climatic variability. The response of land-terminating ice sheet sectors to climate forcing can be assessed by examining records of paleo-ice margin positions preserved in ice sheet moraine systems. In western Greenland, the extensive Fjord Stade moraine system was deposited by minor...
Topics: 10Be exposure dating, Greenland Ice Sheet, Holocene, Moraines
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mingxin Zhou; Guoyong Yan; Yajuan Xing; Fei Chen; Xin Zhang; Jianyu Wang; Junhui Zhang; Guanhua Dai; Xingbo Zheng; Wenjing Sun; Qinggui Wang; Tong Liu
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Decreased precipitation and increased anthropogenical by derived nitrogen (N) are important climate change factors that alter the availability of soil water and N which are crucial to root function and morphological traits. However, these factors are seldom explored in forests. To clarify how altered precipitation and N addition affect the uptake of organic and inorganic N by fine roots, a field hydroponic experiment using brief 15 N exposures was conducted in a temperate forest in northern...
Topics: Decreased precipitation, Nitrogen addition, Nitrogen uptake, Root plasticity, Temperate forest
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Carlos Tirado; Daniel Trujillo; Jaime Pizarro-Araya; Fermín M. Alfaro; Sylvana González; Miguel A. Carretero
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There is an increasing contribution of ecophysiology in community ecology and climate change contexts. As such, functional patterns under extreme water and temperature restrictions in deserts can provide inference of the responses of small ectotherms to climate change. However disentangling the interactive effects between both factors requires experimental evidence. Here we took advantage of a flowering desert episode promoting a population bloom in Gyriosomus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)...
Topics: Activity, Climate change, Deserts, Functional response, Thermoregulation, Water loss
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rachael H. Nolan; David J. Eldridge; Keryn I. Paul; Stephen Roxburgh; Don W. Butler; Daniel Ramp
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Extreme disturbance events, such as wildfire and drought, have large impacts on carbon storage and sequestration of forests and woodlands globally. Here, we present a modelling approach that assesses the relative impact of disturbances on carbon storage and sequestration, and how this will alter under climate change. Our case study is semi-arid Australia where large areas of land are managed to offset over 122 million tonnes of anthropogenic carbon emissions over a 100-year period. These carbon...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Forest, Grazing, Mortality, Wildfire
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Building on critical community resilience studies, this study analyses the resilience of the village of Vent, a remote mountain community in the Austrian Ötztal valley challenged by slow-onset disturbances such as climate change, outmigration of young people and the repercussions of the post-2008 recession. A conceptual framework which focuses on how well economic, social, cultural, political and natural domains are developed within a community, is used as the conceptual springboard to assess...
Topics: Community resilience, Conceptual resilience frameworks, Remote mountain communities, Small...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Scott A. Martin; Rhett M. Rautsaw; M. Rebecca Bolt; Christopher L. Parkinson; Richard A. Seigel
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Coastal ecosystems worldwide are being impacted by sea-level rise caused by climate change. As mitigation efforts increase to protect these threatened ecosystems, a deeper understanding of how wildlife adapt to coastal management techniques is needed. We monitored three constructed sand dunes (built in 2010 and 2014) and two natural dunes in central Florida from June 2015 through June 2016 to assess the impact of dune construction as a management technique on terrestrial vertebrates....
Topics: Climate change, Florida, Managed retreat, Wildlife management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Macarena L. Cárdenas; Oliver J. Wilson; Lauri A. Schorn; Francis E. Mayle; José Iriarte
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Southern Brazil's highland Araucaria forest is ancient, diverse and unique, but its future is under significant threat from 20th Century habitat loss and 21st Century climate change. Paleoecological studies have revealed that it expanded rapidly over highland grasslands around 1000 years ago, but whether this expansion was caused by human land use or climate change has been a topic of considerable debate. Discriminating between these potential drivers has so far not been possible with fossil...
Topics: Araucaria forest, Human impact, Modern analogs, Moss polsters, Pollen
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rui Yin; Nico Eisenhauer; Harald Auge; Witoon Purahong; Anja Schmidt; Martin Schädler
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Litter decomposition is a key process determining the cycling of nutrients in ecosystems. Soil fauna plays an essential role in this process, e.g., by fragmenting and burrowing surface litter material, and thereby enhancing microbial decomposition. However, soil fauna-mediated decomposition might be influenced by interacting factors of environmental changes. Here we used a large-scale global change field experiment to test potential interacting effects between land-use type (croplands and...
Topics: Detritivores, Future climate, Land use, Litter decomposition, Soil fauna
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gennady Bracho-Mujica; Peter T. Hayman; Bertram Ostendorf
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Long-term, continuous, accurate, daily weather records for precipitation, temperature and solar radiation are critical inputs for modelling long-term climate risk in cropping systems. However, comprehensive weather data often exhibit short record length and missing or inaccurate records, which can lead to inconsistencies. Using risk profiles (cumulative probability curves of crop yield) as a tool for quantifying the performance of cropping systems under climate variability, this study examines...
Topics: APSIM, Climate risk, Extreme temperature events, Frost, Heat, Probability risk assessment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Todd K. BenDor; Vivek Shandas; Brian Miles; Kenneth Belt; Lydia Olander
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Green stormwater infrastructure (GI) is gaining traction as a viable complement to traditional “gray” infrastructure in cities across the United States. As cities struggle with decisions to replace deteriorating stormwater infrastructure in the face of looming issues such as population growth and climate change, GI may offer a cost-effective, efficient, and sustainable approach. However, decision makers confront challenges when integrating GI within city plans, including uncertainties...
Topics: Ecosystem services, Environmental planning, Green infrastructure, Low impact development,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Shifting wind patterns are an expected consequence of global climate change, with direct implications for wind energy production. However, wind is notoriously difficult to predict, and significant uncertainty remains in our understanding of climate change impacts on existing wind generation capacity. In this study, historical and future wind climatology and associated capacity factors at five wind turbine sites in California are examined. Historical (1980-2000) and mid-century (2030-2050)...
Topics: California, Variable-resolution climate modeling, Wind energy
Life cycle impact assessment uses so-called characterization factors to address different types of environmental impact (e.g. climate change, particulate matter, land use…). For the topic of resource depletion, a series of proposals was based on heuristic and formal arguments, but without the use of expert-based models from relevant research areas. A recent study in using fish population models has confirmed the original proposal for characterization factors for biotic resources of the...
Topics: Abiotic resource, Biotic resource, Characterization factor, Life cycle impact assessment (LCIA),...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Peat Leith; Russell Warman; Andrew Harwood; Karyn Bosomworth; Phillip Wallis
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We report on an initiative that sought to negotiate the intersections of science, policy and practice through reconciling supply and demand (RSD) for research. We propose a synthesised framework that can be used to either inform or analyse the practice of RSD, then examine an Australia-wide program that was designed to link research with strategic regional planning for climate change adaptation in natural resource management. Cross-scale lessons from this endeavour at national (program), and...
Topics: Science policy, Sustainability science
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rattanawan Mungkung; Patthra Pengthamkeerati; Ratcha Chaichana; Saranya Watcharothai; Kittiwan Kitpakornsanti; Supachok Tapananont
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Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Hom Mali organic rice production in Surin province, Thailand was performed to evaluate the potential environmental impacts. The scope of study was the farm gate and the functional unit was set as one kg of organic paddy rice. The inputs and outputs were collected from the farm's data recording including the measurement of water levels inside the rice field which was done over the production cycle along with methane and nitrous oxide emissions. Inventory analysis...
Topics: Greenhouse Gas (GHG), Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Organic jasmine rice, Water footprint
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by L. Bava; J. Bacenetti; G. Gislon; L. Pellegrino; P. D'Incecco; A. Sandrucci; A. Tamburini; M. Fiala; M. Zucali
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The dairy sector is recognised as one of the most impacting agricultural activities. In Italy approximately 24% of cow's milk is destined to Grana Padano, a Protected Designation of Origin long ripening cheese. The Grana Padano production has increased by 10% in the last decade and approximately reached 183,000 t in 2015. Around 38% of this production is exported to Germany, US, France and to the rest of the world. This study evaluated the environmental impact of production of Grana Padano,...
Topics: Allocation, Cheese, Grana Padano, LCA, Milk
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by D. González-Zeas; B. Erazo; P. Lloret; B. De Bièvre; S. Steinschneider; O. Dangles
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Bridging the gap between the predictions of coarse-scale climate models and the fine-scale climatic reality is a key issue of hydrological research and water management. While many advances have been realized in developed countries, the situation is contrastingly different in most tropical regions where we still lack information on potential discrepancies between measured and modeled climatic conditions. Consequently, water managers in these regions often rely on non-academic expertise to help...
Topics: Climate change, Climatic model bias, Quito, Tropical mountains, Water availability, Water uses
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stephan Pauleit; Dagmar Haase; Birgit Elands; Rieke Hansen; Ingo Kowarik; Jakub Kronenberg; Thomas Mattijssen; Anton Stahl Olafsson; Emily Rall; Alexander P.N. van der Jagt; Cecil Konijnendijk van den Bosch
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Urban green infrastructure (UGI)is a promising concept when developing multifunctional green space systems to address major challenges of urbanization such as increasing social cohesion, promoting the transition to a green economy, adaptation to climate change and conservation of biodiversity. In response to the European Commission's Communication on Green Infrastructure from 2013, the GREEN SURGE project aimed to further advance the development of UGI in European cities by (i)strengthening the...
Topics: GREEN SURGE, Green governance and planning, Green infrastructure, Sustainable urbanisation, Urban...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. M. Rahman; G. Penny; M. S. Mondal; M. H. Zaman; A. Kryston; M. Salehin; Q. Nahar; D. Bolster; J. L. Tank; M. F. Müller
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Salinization of freshwater and soils is a global phenomenon that adversely affects 500 million people, particularly in low-lying river deltas. Impacts of salinity on food and water security and agricultural livelihoods are well documented and reviewed herein, along with additional effects on human health that have received less attention and warrant further study. Populations forced to consume saline waters display increased occurrence of diseases such as hypertension in Bangladesh,...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna, River delta, Salinity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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There is a growing trend of consumers in developed countries substituting alternative protein sources for meat and purchasing meat products with specific production-system related credence attributes. This study of Australian meat consumers identifies consumer segments with varying levels of willingness to make the following changes to their protein consumption: reduce meat consumption, follow a meat-free diet most of the time, avoid meat consumption altogether, and follow a strict plant-based...
Topics: Alternative protein sources, Consumer behaviour, Food choice, Meat consumption, Meat substitutes
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christophe Fontanier; Briony Mamo; Samuel Toucanne; Germain Bayon; Sabine Schmidt; Bruno Deflandre; Bernard Dennielou; Gwenael Jouet; Eline Garnier; Saburo Sakai; Ruth Martinez Lamas; Pauline Duros; Takashi Toyofuku; Aurélien Salé; Déborah Belleney; Sabrina Bichon
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In this short communication, we present a multidisciplinary study of sedimentary records collected from a deep-sea interfluve proximal to the mouths of major northwestern Madagascan rivers. For the last 60 years, the seafloor has been repeatedly disturbed by the deposition of organic rich, tropical, terrestrial sediments causing marked reductions in benthic biodiversity. Increased soil erosion due to local land-use, deforestation and intensifying tropical cyclones are potential causes for this...
Topics: Benthic foraminifera, Land-use, Multidisciplinary study, Tropical cyclones
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mary Nantongo; Arild Vatn
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Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) is generally believed to be a cost-effective mitigation strategy against climate change. Some suggest, however, that costs of REDD+ are underestimated because many studies either exclude or undervalue transaction costs. A major challenge in this field of research is the absence of a common framework and methodology for assessing such costs. This paper uses the notion of governance structures to suggest a generic definition and...
Topics: REDD+ policy, Tanzania, Transaction costs
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mirko Di Febbraro; Manuela D'Amen; Pasquale Raia; Davide De Rosa; Antoine Guisan
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The prevailing method for estimating the potential impact of future climate change on biological communities is to stack binary predictions from species distribution models (binary stacked species distribution models, bS-SDM). However, it has been argued that bS-SDM may overestimate species richness and, hence, community composition. Alternative approaches, such as SESAM ('spatially Explicit Species Assemblage Modelling’), explicitly incorporate limits to species richness, preventing...
Topics: Community ecology, MEM, SDM, SESAM framework, Species distribution models
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Although the importance of forests in climate change mitigation has been widely recognized, there has been a lack of empirical research regarding the role of forests in agricultural adaptation to climate change. This paper uses a careful designed household survey in South China that considers an exogenous shock of drought, to determine whether the presence of natural and planted forests near rice-producing villages can reduce the adverse effects of drought on rice yield. After controlling for...
Topics: Crop production, Ecosystem-based adaptation, Forest, Irrigation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Min Luo; Xianwei Feng; Philippe De Maeyer; Amaury Frankl
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Water resources have an important role in maintaining ecological fuctions and sustaining social and economic development. This is especially true in arid and semi-arid areas, where climate change has a large impact on water resources, such as in Xinjiang, China. Using a combination of precipitation and temperature bias correction methods, we analyzed projected changes in different hydrological components in nine high-alpine catchments distributed in Xinjiang using the Soil and Water Assessment...
Topics: Catchment, Climate change, RCP, SWAT, Water resources
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Neil Hammerschlag; Oswald J. Schmitz; Alexander S. Flecker; Kevin D. Lafferty; Trisha B. Atwood; Austin J. Gallagher; Duncan J. Irschick; Rachel Skubel; Steven J. Cooke
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Arguments for the need to conserve aquatic predator (AP) populations often focus on the ecological and socioeconomic roles they play. Here, we summarize the diverse ecosystem functions and services connected to APs, including regulating food webs, cycling nutrients, engineering habitats, transmitting diseases/parasites, mediating ecological invasions, affecting climate, supporting fisheries, generating tourism, and providing bioinspiration. In some cases, human-driven declines and increases in...
Topics: ecosystem effects, lake, ocean, predator, river, trophic cascade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhejin Li; Lingling Yan; Xiaolong Wang; Peng Yan; Yawen Shen; Hongcui Dai; Xiaolei Yang; Jixiao Cui; Yuanquan Chen
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Large quantities and many varieties of agricultural organic wastes are produced in China annually. Applying agricultural organic wastes to soil plays an essential role in coping with the environmental pollution from agricultural wastes, solving the energy crisis and responding global climate change. But there is little information available on the effects of different agricultural organic wastes on soil greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The objectives of this study were to investigate and compare...
Topics: Characteristics of organic wastes, Cropping system, Emission factors, North China Plain, Organic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Henrik Hartmann; Henry D. Adams; Sönke Zaehle; William M. Hammond; Günter Hoch; Simon M. Landhäusser; Erin Wiley
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Carbohydrates play a central role in plant functioning because they are building blocks and energy carriers for plant metabolic processes. Because plants are sessile organisms and cannot escape stressful environments they acclimate to unfavourable conditions by strategically allocating carbohydrate resources to overcome stress and promote survival, and build reserves for later use when demand is greater than supply from photosynthesis, like after defoliation. A mechanistic understanding of how...
Topics: Non-structural carbohydrates, Reserves, Source and sink limitation, Storage, Trees
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aikaterini Zerva; Georgios Tsantopoulos; Evangelos Grigoroudis; Garyfallos Arabatzis
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The current need to adjust to the climate change requires urgent action to be taken both by the stakeholders involved in addressing climate change and by citizens. However, in order for citizens to be able to take part in such actions directly or indirectly, they will need to have a positive perception of the relevant stakeholders, so that a mutual relationship of trust and understanding is established. The objective of this study is to examine citizen satisfaction with the actions of the...
Topic: Stakeholders
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David Jarman; Stephan Harrison
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10.1016 j.geomorph.2019.03.002
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Marie Trydeman Knudsen; Teodora Dorca-Preda; Stefan Hörtenhuber; Sylvestre Njakou Djomo; Nancy Peña; Susanne Padel; Laurence G. Smith; Werner Zollitsch; John E. Hermansen
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Estimates of soil carbon changes, biodiversity and ecotoxicity have often been missing from life cycle assessment based studies of organic dairy products, despite evidence that the impacts of organic and conventional management may differ greatly within these areas. The aim of the present work was therefore to investigate the magnitude of including these impact categories within a comprehensive environmental impact assessment of organic and conventional dairy systems differing in basic...
Topics: Biodiversity, Dairy, Ecotoxicity, LCA, Organic, Soil carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Youssef Rouphael; Marios C. Kyriacou; Spyridon A. Petropoulos; Stefania De Pascale; Giuseppe Colla
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During the last decades, food security has become a vital global concern driven by projections of population increase and exacerbated by the impending pressure of climate change on agriculture. Vegetable crops represent a fundamental ingredient of human diet due to their high nutritional value and bioactive content and could serve towards improving food security and nutritional quality, especially when managed under highly intensified cropping systems in controlled environments. Greenhouse and...
Topics: Biofortification, Eustress, Functional quality, Genetic improvement, Hydroponics, Phytochemicals,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The landscape surrounding urban areas is often used as farmland. With the observed expansion of urban areas over the last decades and a projected continuation of this trend, our objective was to analyze how urbanization affects food supply and demand in The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. We used a chain of simulation models covering components of the atmosphere (climate simulations), biosphere (crop yield calculations), and anthroposphere (simulations of urban expansion and land-use change) to...
Topics: Climate change, Food supply and demand, Land systems, Middle East, Scenario analysis, Urbanization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shantelle D. Friesen; Christian Dunn; Christopher Freeman
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The production and decomposition of litter in mangroves plays a significant role in the nutrient and organic carbon cycles. These can be highly variable both spatially and temporally as a result of numerous factors including tidal range, forest type, abundance and type of herbivorous fauna, temperature, and microbial activity. Mangroves also play an important role in blue carbon sequestration, with their status as carbon sinks crucial in mitigating against greenhouse gas-induced climate change....
Topics: Leaching, Macrofauna, Mangroves, Microbial activity, Organic matter decomposition
When climate change policies are implemented in practice, they travel through the hands of a range of practitioners who not only mediate but also potentially transform climate interventions. This article highlights the role of a group of actors whose practices have so far received little attention in the study of climate change governance, namely the public servants who are responsible for the everyday implementation of national climate change policies and associated programmes on the ground....
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Zambia
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Audrey Trochet; Andréaz Dupoué; Jérémie Souchet; Romain Bertrand; Marine Deluen; Sophie Murarasu; Olivier Calvez; Albert Martinez-Silvestre; Elodie Darnet; Hugo Le Chevalier; Marc Mossoll-Torres; Fabien Aubret
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Temperature affects the physiological functions of ectotherms. To maintain optimal body temperature and ensure physiological performance, these organisms can use behavioral adjustments to keep the body temperature in their specific temperature range, so-called preferred temperature (Tpref). It is therefore crucial to describe and understand how Tpref vary within and amongst populations to predict the effects of climate change of altitudinal range shifts in organisms. We aimed at determining the...
Topics: Altitude, Amphibians, Body preferred temperatures, Countergradient hypothesis, Lizards, Thermal...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Joshua Duncan; David Cutress; Russell M. Morphew; Peter M. Brophy
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Fascioliasis is a parasitic disease of grazing livestock and a threat to global food security by significantly reducing the production value of sheep, goats and cattle. Moreover, the zoonotic parasite is also a re-emerging food borne threat to human populations. Driven by climate change, the prevalence of fascioliasis is set to increase. Efforts to control the main causative agent, Fasciola hepatica, are hampered by short lived chemotherapy approaches that are becoming increasingly obsolete due...
Topics: Glutathione transferase, Vaccine
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniel Groß; Annabell Zander; Adam Boethius; Stefan Dreibrodt; Ole Grøn; Anton Hansson; Catherine Jessen; Satu Koivisto; Lars Larsson; Harald Lübke; Björn Nilsson
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During the Early and Mid-Holocene significant changes in the ecology and socio-cultural spheres occurred around the Baltic Sea. Because of the underlying climatic changes and thus environmental alterations, the area was the scene for various cultural developments during the period under investigation. In the course of the melting of the glaciers at the end of the last Ice Age, isostatic and eustatic movements caused continual changes to the Baltic Sea basin. Changes in water level, however,...
Topics: Archaeology, Baltic sea basin, Climate change, Ethnoarchaeology, Holocene, Human-environment...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lucas S. Bair; Charles B. Yackulic; John C. Schmidt; Denielle M. Perry; Christine J. Kirchhoff; Karletta Chief; Benedict J. Colombi
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During the last 50 years, construction of dams in the western United States declined. This is partly because of increasing recognition of diverse and unintended social-ecological consequences of dams. Today, resource managers are recognizing the wide array of tradeoffs and are including a more diverse group of stakeholders in decision making for individual dams. Yet decisions at the regional scale maintain a focus on a limited number of resources and objectives, leading to inefficient and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Priya DasSarma; Shiladitya DasSarma
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The remarkable survival of microorganisms high above the surface of the Earth is of increasing interest. At stratospheric levels, multiple stressors including ultraviolet and ionizing radiation, low temperatures, hypobaric conditions, extreme desiccation, and nutrient scarcity are all significant challenges. Our understanding of which microorganisms are capable of tolerating such stressful conditions has been addressed by stratospheric sample collection and survival assays, through launching...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kenji Fujisaki; Lydie Chapuis-Lardy; Alain Albrecht; Tantely Razafimbelo; Jean Luc Chotte; Tiphaine Chevallier
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Organic carbon saturation in soils refers to the theoretical maximum soil organic carbon (SOC) that can be associated with and stabilized on fine silt plus clay particles (F < 20 μm). We reviewed the literature dealing with SOC distribution between soil fractions to evaluate carbon saturation for tropical soils and estimate the C storage potential of cropland. We collected 258 data points on SOC distribution between soil fractions in tropical soils from 84 sites in 27 countries. We used...
Topics: Boundary line analysis, Fine particles, Particulate organic matter, Soil carbon saturation, Soil...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David R. Butler
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The Anthropocene embodies the concept of human impacts on the natural environment, but disagreements exist as to when to identify its inception/starting date. In this paper I illustrate that regardless of the proposed starting date of the Anthropocene, important zoogeomorphic impacts were initiated at each of these proposed starting dates. Humans have profoundly altered geomorphic pathways through extinctions and the near-extirpation of native populations of animal species that strongly...
Topics: Anthropocene, Climate change, Exotic species, Zoogeomorphology