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i ^ge #1 

Haney: This is Gemini Control - The weather in the C a pe Area at • ! - ^r-v. ,- iuled 

lift-off time of 9 AM EST is predicted to be partly cloudy with scovtered 
and broken clouds conditions , winds of 10 mph from the SE, visiability of seven 
miles/ Have heights in this Cape area expects to be 2 to 4 ft, and the temperature 
predicted for lift-off is 68 degrees* In the down-range recovery area the weather 
is also reported as satisfactory. In the prime recovery area at the end of the 
third orbit, winds are running 15 to 20 MPH, the waves 3 to 5 ft. the visibility 
10 miles . Back-up pilots Walter M. Schirra Jr* and Thomas P. Stafford spent the 
night last night in the ready room at pad 16. They retired shortly after dinner 
which they had with the prime crew, Gus Grissom and John Young in the Manned 
Spaceflig;ht Operations Building on nearby Merritt Island. After dinner last night 
Grissom and Young reviewed their flight plan, and went to bed about 9 PM* They 
were awakened at 4:40 AM this morning by Donald K* Slayton, Assistant Director for 
Flight Crew Operations, Manned Spacecraft Center* They had breakfast with the 
following people - these people wc.r* the- ^pp-t'slly invited guests of the crew: 
Mr* Bastxan HaUo, Progam Manager of the Martin Co., Col, Richard Dineen, Gemini 

Program Manager, Air Force Space Systems Division, responsible for the preparation 
and launch of this "Titan- 1 1 1 - -*Mcle 4 Dr* Robert "R. Gilruth, Director of 
the Manned Spacecraft Center, Waiter C. Williams, Vice-President of Aero-space 
Corporation, former operations director through out the project Mercury manned 
flights*, Walter Burke, Vice-President , McDonnell Aircraft Corp* makers of the 
Gemini spacecraft. C-T-'^topher Columbus Kraft, Mission director for Gemini 3 
mission., Dr* Charles Berry, in charge of the Medical effort here in Gemini, Mr. 
J* So McDonnell, the Board Chairman of McDonnell Aircraft, and Alan B* Shepard, 
fellow astronaut, Donald Slayton, Mr* Charles Mathews, Gemini Program Manager 
for the Manned Spacecraft Center, Mr* Merritt Preston, Deputy Director of the 

Kennedy Space Center, 

The crew breakfasted with their guests on the following menu. They had: 
Tomato juice, cantelope, scrambled eggs, a 2 lb porterhouse steak- the crew 
specified theirs to be medium rare - toast, jelly and coffee or milk at their 
pleasure* Grissom asked for milk, John Young stuck with his tomato juice and 
had nothing additional* Following breakfast, and after receiving good wishes 
from their guests, Grissom and Young drove to pad 16 in a two-car motorcade and 
arrived there at approximately 6:02. AM* immediately the suiting-up process began 
which activity was completed by 6:45 AM and in your TV monitors now you should 
be able to see the crew under way leaving pad 16 and headed for pad 19* I am 
advised they left pad 16 about 7:05 AM EST, And the truck is making the turn - 
its approximately 400 yds, from pad 16 to pad 19 • ...the ramp, at which time 
Grissom and Young will walk to the elevator, . .leading the party, Grissom 

in the rear I believe, followed by the two suit dressers, Joe Schmitt and Al Rochford. 
There goes the elevator lifting off, appropriately at 7:09, proceeding to the 11th 
level* 



\ 7 



! ^ * : —r- 



Page #2 



Astronauts Gus Grissom and John Young has entered their spacecraft - they 
entered at 7sl2 AM EST* They are running approximately 5 to 10 minutes ahead' 
of schedule,, This has been the course of the action this morning - all events 
checking out very nicely and if anything the crew running alittle bit ahead of 
time 0 They took some kidding about their early arrival from the spacecraft test 
director George Page, He suggested that - he Wondered if they might have missed 
breakfast - they assured him they had not, they had, in fact, eaten a 2 lb 0 porter- 
house steak* The count at this time - T-103 minutes - and counting* This is 
Gemini Control 0 

Our status is green and go at this time* We had no problems on the range or 
here at Cape Kennedy* And the board - the status board - for the individual stations 
around the world is completely green „ The storm that was developing off the north 
west coast of Austrialia yesterday has shifted so it no longer poses a threat to our 
Carnarvon station located on exactly the northwest point of Austrialia,, Interestingly 
the storm was detected by Tiros satellite in a pass yesterday morning, it had hitherto 
been unrecorded* Another satellite is playing a very important part in this first 
manned Gemini space flight - that satellite is Syncom II - that is hovering in a figure 
8 pattern over the Indian Ocean* Signals will be relayed to Syncom II from the Coastal 
Sentry Quebec, a ship located half way between Austrialia and South Africa . This is 
Gemini Control* 

The countdown proceeds at an excellent pace* Flight Director Chris Kraft has 
approved an early hatch closure* The hatches are going to be closed momentarily some 
12 to 13 minutes ahead of schedule* Around the network the story is very much the 
same - everybody reading everyone else loud and clear and the equipment checking out 
in excellent shape. This is Gemini Control* 

At 7 s 34 AM EST the hatch is closed on the Gemini 3 spacecraft some 11 minutes ahead 
of the scheduled count time* This has been the pattern this morning trying to get in 
events a little bit early - to give them a little more time in the checkout phase* 
Since the hatch is closed a rather full communications check has been run with each 
pilot - Grissom sounding off in his deep, crisp, base voice — Young, a voice slightly 
higher in pitch and revealing a trace of his Georgia Tech schooling and his Florida 
upbringing 0 But both of them sounding loud and clear 0 Here to witness this first 
Gemini manned flight is a press contingent that tops any previous manned Mercury flight. 
We have nearly 1,000 news media here at the press site and advised there are thousands 
more people from all over the state of Florida lining the beach to witness this event. 
This is Gemini Control - the count T-76 minutes and counting* 

This is Gemini Control* The count at this time is T-69 minutes and proceeding,. We 
are still running 10 to 12 minutes ahead of time on most of ou r functional tests-everything 
continuing to checkout in excellent shape* To recap a bit for some of the newcomers at 
the Press Site, Grissom and Young were awakened this morning at 4 s 40 AM - they started 
breakfast at 5s 15 with some 12 guests in the crew quarters on nearby Merritt Island* They 
left the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building at shortly before 6 o'clock, proceeded to 
the Cape Kennedy ready room adjacent to Pad 19 and by 6:45 AM their sensors were in place 
on their chests, their suits were on and checked out and they were ready to leave for the 
short drive over to pad 19* This is Gemini Control* 



Page #c 



...........All systems continuing to check out in good shape. The most recent 

major systems check has been completed on the cabin and environmental suit system. 
The complete oxygen breathing system checked out very well. Meanwhile Vice-President 
Humphrey, a visitor here at the Cape today, is at the Control center; included in his 
party sre Dr. Robert Seamens, Associate Administrator of NASA, General Bernard 
Schriever, Commanding General, The Air Force System Division, Dr. Ed Welch, Executive 
Secretary of the National Space Council, Congressmen Olin Teague of Texas and many 
other notables. This is Gemini Control. 

This is Gemini Control. Were are at T-45 minutes and counting. Since the 
Astronauts entered the capsule, Dr. Berry flight surgeon here in the Gemini Control 
Center has been watching their heart rate and their respiration rate very carefully 
on a scope immediately in front of him. He advises that the bio-medical data is 
exact lv normal and completely within the expected rates. The weather here in the 
Cape area - this is the all important camera coverage is very optimistic at this 
point, We have one reading on our camera position in Melbourne, 20 miles south 
of the Cape indicating 50%. The other five positions in the Cape area read very 
nearly 100 per cent and this is probably one of the most outstanding camera 
coverage reports we have had at this particular time prior to a Gemini launch. From 
down range we have been talking with the Public Affairs Officer on the Intrepid - 
he advises that there , some 700 miles southeast of the Cape, that the weather is 
scattered clnnHs, onlv 2 to 3/10ths cloud cover, about a 20 to 23 knot wind blowing, 
the wave? r^ur.g K ft, He advises that the Navy has given a go for that recovery 
area, weather looking quite bright and good down there. This is Gemini Control. 

This is Gemini Control. The count is T- 38 minutes and proceeding, however, from 
the blockhouse, we have an indication that there a may be a leak in an oxidizer 
line in the first stage of the Titanll booster. And the mission director Chris Kraft 
has decided to hold this countdown at T-35 minutes, approximately 3 1/2 minutes from 
now. And to evaulate the situation clearly and to understand exactly what the nature 
of this problem is. Again I repeat we suspect there is a leak in an Oxidizer line 
in the first stage of the Titan II booster. This is Gemini Control. 

This is Gemini Control. We have been holding the last two or three minutes 
while a group of pad technicians investigated a leak in the oxidizer line on the pad. 
They located the source of the trouble - a valve on an oxidizer line - a wrench was 
applied to the valve - it was given approximately one turn until — and the leak was 
eliminated, I repeat, the leak has been eliminated. The line now shows no leakage. 
We are preparing to pick up the count within a very few minutes. We are holding - 
still holding, presently, at T-35 minutes preparatory to resuming the count at any 
moment now. This is Gemini Control. 



Page 



This is Gemini Control 0 We are standing by momentarily for the start of the 
erector lowering - the White Room area has been secured - the White Room being 
that portion surrounding the spacecraft which is used as a port of entry into the 
hatches of the spacecraft 0 The pad crew reports at this time the erector itself 
and the pad area pretty well clear 0 We are standing by to start - Gus Grissom 
confirms that the - everything is in readiness to iower ' the erector 0 This is Gemini 
Control c 

o o c momentarily to pick up the count 0 We're still holding at T-35 minutes* 
However, we have taken advantage of the hold to go ahead and proceed with the 
erector lowering ■ "It is down - the launch vehicle standing on the pad still linked 
up with the umbilical lines to the umbilical tower 0 Everything aboard still checking 
out very nicely 0 Grissom reporting his communications aircuits working excellently, 
Deke Slayton 9 the Assistant Director for Flight Crew at the Manned Spacecraft Center, 
advises that he has talked to Betty Grissom at her home in Houston, Gus 1 wife 0 He 
tells me that Betty is go, and he says that he's now trying to reach Barbara Young 
to check on her status*, This is Gemini Control « 

We've resumed the count at T-35 minutes and proceedingo The count was resumed 
at 45 minutes after the hour,. Meanwhile, Vice President Humphrey is on the floor of 
the Control Center with Dr 0 Seamans* He is chatting with Chris Kraft, Mission 
Director, on the status of this mission and giving him a message of encouragement 
and complete confidence 0 It's quite an animated scene. This is Gemini Control 0 

This is Gemini Control,, The count, T-26 minutes and proceedings At this time. 
Mission Director Chris Kraft has just completed a status check with his flight 
controllers - or shortly will in a very few minutes 0 Everything checking out very 
well so far 0 You may have noticed the striping around the spacecraft 0 This is 
a slightly different pattern than you have seen in earlier Gemini flights 0 Those 
black stripes were added to raise the temperature slightly in that equipment adapter, 
which houses most of the major systems onboard, such as the maneuvering system fuel, 
the environmental control system, water boiler, radiator, and other major items 0 
It includes the batteriesj the temperature varies from point to point in the equipment 
adapter, at the lower end of it in space it runs approximately 100 degrees below 
zeroo Meanwhile, the Vice President made about a five minute visit here on the floor, 
talking with the Mission Director 0 He then chatted briefly with Astronaut Wally 
Schirra 0 He also talked to Astronaut Gordon Cooper, the capsule communicator here 
in the Control Center for this mission, and he met Astronaut Gene Cernan, as well 
as a number of other flight controllers c He's returning to the viewing area of 
the Control Center from which point, we understand, he plans to observe the flight* 
This is Gemini Control 0 

This is Gemini Control • The count is T-20 minutes and counting 0 At this time 
we are standing by for a check of the reentry control system propulsion rings, 
located about the neck of the spacecraft • Each of the thrusters will be blipped. 
There was the first blip 0 About 20 milliseconds burst from the B-ring thrusters. 
Each thruster will be taken in sequence around ^ there are eight thrusters in each 
ring - the rings are duplicated, completely redundant, giving us 16 thrust ers t which 
will control the attitude during the reentry phase of the mission,, This is Gemini 
Control o 



Page #5 



This is Gemini Control* We're still continuing here the tests - thrusters 
about the spacecraft - the smaller thrusters, 25 lbs of thrust each, up in the 
reentry control section have been tested* We*re now working on the thrusters in 
the equipment and in the retro portion of this spacecraft. Each of these thrusters 
has a capacity of 100 lb thrust* Each of the aft firing thrusters t that is and 
we have two thrusters which fire in a forward direction - they have a capacity of 
85 lb thrust o Spacecraft Test Conductor George Page is working with Astronaut Gus 
Grissom in these tests, giving him a countdown list - or a checklist, as it were, 
to assure that the right switches are in the right positions before actuating these 
thrusters , The count at this time is T-12 minutes and proceeding,. This is Gemini 
Controls 

This is Gemini Control* The court at this time is T-10 minutes and countingo 
We have just completed a status check here in the Control Center, the Mission Director 
polling the flight surgeon, the guidance, navigation and control officer, the capsule 
communicator, tank pressure monitor, the booster systems engineer, retro-fire ^officer , 
flight dynamics officer, the guidance officer, network and the electrical environmental 
and communications systems officer , All are in a go status. The Board is green around 
the Range and we are looking very, very good at this time* The count T-9 minutes* This 
is Gemini Control, 

The status is go. This is Gemini Control, 

This is Gemini Control, Count - T-2 minutes and counting. This is Gemini 
Control with a cross conversation going between Gus Grissom and John Young on the 
various light position. Everything in a go condition, The count - T- 1 minute 
and 20 seconds ■> This is Gemini Control, 

This is Gemini Control, We're at T-l minute , T-60 seconds and counting, 
T-45 seconds and counting. The range holding a final status check, T-30 seconds. 
Recorders have gone to fast speed. Twenty seconds, Fifteen seconds. Ten, nine, 
eight, seven, six, five, four, three, two, one, zero. Ignition, And we have a 
lift-off o We ha^e a lift-off at 24 minutes after the hour. Rising very nicely • 
Cabin pressure climbing * 

The count 60 seconds — T+60 seconds. That booster is flying at a speed of 
658 miles per hour. The crew is pulling approximately 2Gs,They are now going through 
the area of max 0 S Maximum dynamic pressure exerted on the vehicle, Controllers 
report here that all systems looking fine. We have three jets in the area here at 
the Cape photographing this flight and at a very short time you will probably hear 
a sonic boom if you haven't already as these jets accelerate in excess of Mach 1 
in other words the speed of sound. We are two minutes into the flight. The velocity 
of the vehicle right now is approaching 3,000 miles an hour, the G forces building to 
3,3 Gs, The crew reports they are in fine shape and everything looks green in the 
Control Center. We are coming up on staging or booster engine cutoff. We have a 
staging report. We have can confirm staging. We have second stage ignition and 
second stage thrust looks fine. We are three minutes into the flight. The speed 
of the spacecraft at this time is nearly 6500 miles an hour and accelerating ,G forces 
drop off at booster engine cutoff. They are now building again. The crew is now 
undergoing about 1,5 Gs, Mission Director Chris Kraft has given the crew a tentative 
go- Three minutes and twenty seconds into the flight. 



Page #6 ^ 

There are y* few reports from the pilots. They are simplv identifying ^their * * 
flight plan very carefully. Four minutes into the flight, Gorton Cooper *ust :nld 
Grissom that he is looking mighty gccd , Gus gave him a very reassuring laugh, 
A very calm pilot in command of that spacecraft* 

Four minute? and 35 seconds into the mission. The velocity of the spacecraft 
now approaching 12*000 miles per hour : G forces in the range of approximately 3.5 Gs» 
The flight dynamics officer reports excellent steering on this vehicle. We 
remain in the primary guidance phase all the way, We are getting a little bit of 
distortion on some of Grissom's reports, but they are all very affirmative sorts 
of reports. I think its in the communications system itself. We are at 5 minutes 
and 20 seconds in and we are rapidly approaching sustainer engine cutoff ^point . 
We are at 10 seconds from SECO or sustainer engine — second stage sustainer engine 
cutoff, Standing by for confirmation of SECO » Mission Director advises that they 
have asked Gordon Cooper to tell Gus Grissom that he is go. Molly Brown reports 
its very happy about that go. 

Jack said that Grissom has separated from the booster at this time 

he is" in orbit. Momentarily we will have the numbers on that orbit. It took him 
some 15 to 16 seconds to separate from his booster. He is in excellent shape at 
this time out over Bermuda. I believe we have the flight tapes ready from slightly 
before liftoff. I believe it begins at approximately minus 1 minute and at this 
time we would like to play those flight tapes for you. 

All reports still looking excellent from their spacecraft 
as they proceed across the Atlantic Ocean. At this time we are in 
a position to play these tapes for you. I regret the technical 
difficulty as far as their being played earlier* This tape will 
begin at approximately minus 30 seconds and proceed through the 
power stage of f 1 ig ht 0 The recorders have now been reversed and 
we're now in a position to play the booster phase of the flight 
for youc 

This is Gemini control* At this time Gus Grissom and John 
Young have just crossed the coast of northwest Africa, They're in 
voice communication with *he Canary Island station . They've been 
running through a status check of the environmental sys+^m and the 
communication system* Everything checking out very nicely. The 
flight proceeding. We're 20 minutes into the flight* This is Gemini 
Control 6 

This is Gemini ControL We're 25 minutes into this mission. . 
And everything is doing very nicely. Over the Canary Islands* The 
command pilot, Gus Grissom, performed control mode checks in all roll, 
pitchy yaw maneuvers very nicely* He updated his clock* He activated 
the sea urchin experiment twice Q Meanwhile John Young performed 
communications checks wi^tbjthe Canary station, took a blood pressure 
reading, pumped up the e^ouit on his left arm; he did an orbital 
update on the computer and he performed a suit integrity check on 
his suite We're in good condition at this point. We're over the 
Kano, Nigeria site and the voice is being remoted back here to the 
Cape 0 Gordon Cooper is in conversation with Gus Grissom at this 
time. This is Gemini Control. 



Page #7 

This is Gemini Control, Mission Director advises we have a 
completely nominal mission at this point. The Retrofire Officer 
has just supplied the numbers on the elements of this orbit and 
they are the following; 87 nautical miles (which translates to 
100 statute miles), that*s the perigee, the apogee is approximately 
142 statute miles , or 121 nautical miles. This is Gemini Control, 

This is Gemini Control, We're 38 minutes into the mission. 
At this time the spacecraft just off the southeast coast of Africa. 
We sav again on our orbital numbers - the perigee approximately 
100 miles, apogee 140 miles those are statute values — a very 
nominal orbit t The period we would gauge to be - \ : routes* 

Tn the Canary 9 s p?:- , and checking out the systems r.rissom reported 
later after the Canary 9 s pass to the Kano station some jnall 
difficulty in the yaw thruster that is, the yaw, the yaw I-.^vt 
thrust er — in apparently the electronic elements there are 
several circuits of electronics available; this was in the 
secondary electronic circuit* The prol lem is not considered a 
serious one and we are going to make another evaluation over the 
Coastal Sentry Quebec w"--ich is positioned in the middles of the 
Indian Ocean in a very few minutes^ This is Gemini Control, 

This is Gemini ControL The Coastal Sentry ship in the middle 
of the Indian Ocean is still in communication with him* a surgeon 
advises that the data on both pilots is excellent throughout the 
flight; the respirations and the heart rate completely within zhe 
normal range. The systems are being checked again through the 
Coastal Sentry o We've updated the computer and within a very few 
minutes the Coastal Sentry should lose contact and within a very 
few minutes after that our Carnarvon station where Astronaut Pete 
Conrad is located should be in contact* At M-9 minutes into the 
mission*, This is Gemini Controlc 

This is Gemini Controlc Mission Director Chris Kraft » r . 
just advised the Australian station that he * s completely satisfied 
with the system performance at this t ime t He's told them to give 
the crew a "go" for the second orbit, Grissom in conversation 
which I 1 m hearing through another ear with Pete Conrad advises 
he also is "go" and this mission is "go" for a second orbit, 51 
minutes into the mission. This is Gemini Controlc 

This is Gemini Controlc 56 minutes into the mission and the 
Carnarvon Capsule Communicator Pete Conrad is still in touch with 
Gus Grissom. Among the first things Grissom reported during his 
pass over the Carnarvon station was that he could see quite 
clearly the lights of Perth that other astronauts have seen in 
the paste Much of the pass has been spent checking the telemetry 
systems, the various readings, The pilots have also gone through 
an extensive update of their clocks and their times for the 
computers to compute the various retrofire positions if neededo 
They've also put into the computer a precise reading, a request 
for a forty-eight foot per second burn over Texas on this first 
pass 0 The extent of this burn will be for 73 seconds c I repeat 
it will be a forty-eight foot per second burn for the duration 
of 73 seconds 0 This will have the effect of bringing our orbit 



Page #8 

down to a very near circular 100 miles. This is Gemini Control,, 

This is Gemini Control,, We're one hour, eight minutes into the 
mission , the flight of Gemini-3 fr The spacecraft moving across 
the southwestern Pacific Ocean at this point. Vice President 
Humphrey has left the Gemini Control Center here. He left 
approximately five minutes ago with Dr. Seamans, He plans to 
visit several other locations on the nearby Merritt Island 
facility of NASA and according to plans will return to the 
Control Center a little later in the mission. We're in a "go" 
status; we've had a "go" for second orbit. This is Gemini Control* 

This is Gemini Control. The conversation between pilot and 
ground so far in this flight has largely been confined to the normal 
type of test pilot talk that you would expect. It's a rundown of 
verification of systems; on the ground the flight controllers 
and in orbit from either John Young or Gus Grissom. We've heard 
almost nothing from John Young. The one non-test pilot item that 
is fresh in our memory is a statement from Grissom and he said "I 
can see very clearly the lights of Perth." That's as his space- 
craft started across the Australian continent . This is Gemini 
Control* 

This is Gemini Control, At this time John Young has 
activated and deactivated the blood experiment* It was open 
approximately 20 minutes exposed to phosphorus 32 radiation source • 
The pilots have also completed an RCS plume check . The RCS is the 
Reentry Control System. They observed the thruster fire quite 
satisfactorily from that RCS chamber. At this time the spacecraft 
is rapidly approaching the Southwest coast of Mexico - one hour, 
18 minutes into the mission. We say again we have a "go" for 
second orbit* We expect to perform a translat ional maneuver over 
Texas which should circularize our orbit, bring it down to approxi-r 
mately 100 miles circular. This is Gemini Control. 

This is Gemini Control. Within the past few minutes the 
spacecraft has been in contact with the Rose Knot Victor, a ship 
stationed approximately 800 miles off the southwest cr ast of 
California . They' re in conversation now, Meanwhile , over the 
far eastern Atlantic trouble has developed aboard a C-5^ which is 
an air rescue Service plane. t hat reports back here to the Control 
Center that it is having engine trouble, apparent engine trouble 
with one engine, they already had another engine feathered,. It is 
a four-engine airplane. It is being diverted to Las Palmas airport 
in the Canary Islands. It is expected to reach that airport in 
approximately two hours. That airplane has been on station along 
with a number of other aircraft around the world. This particular 
station was a point some 12-1500 miles off the northwest coast of 
Africa* It is proceeding toward Las Palmas with one engine 
feathered, and apparent engine trouble in the second of its four 
engines. This is Gemini Control. 



Page #9 

This is Gemini Control, At this time the Gemini-3 spacecraft 
is direct ly over Texas. It is about to start its first major 
trans;? lat ional maneuver * This wi 11 involve firing the f orwar d-f ir ing 
r b r u s ; t e r s , specifically thrusters number 11 and 12„ They will be 
fired for a duration of approximately 7L-76 seconds and the aim is 
to circularize the orbit c Whether or not that aim is achieved 
will be con finned in later con vers at ions and radar sitings as the 
spacecraft moves across the southeastern United States,, We are one 
hour and 32 minutes into the mission* This is Gemini Controh 

This is Gemini Control, Within the last five seconds the 
Molly Brown , Gemini -3 spacecraft has completed the t ran slat ional 
maneuver by firing their forward-firing thrusters, 85 pounds each, 
for some 75 seconds* The maneuver has apparently been a successful 
one demonstrating the extraordinary steering capalility of this 
spacecraft. We are now just coming into voice communication with 
the spacecraft here at the Cape and we will play that transmission 
for you live* This is Gemini Control* 

This is Gemini Control* We are one hour and 48 minutes into 
the flight of Gemini-3 spacecraft now approaching the northwest coast 
of Africa • We are i ust t hi s moment establishing contact with our 
Canary Island stc t ion during their pass across the Cape and out 
across Bermuda, You heard the exchange between the pilotSc During 
that exchange the Mission Director advised here that he is completely' 
satisfied with the on-board systems^ You recall in Project Mercury 
it took about one orbit to get all the systems shaken down, as it 
were,, and that* s about what it's taken today. We had some small 
difficulty in one of the e 1 ectronics modes early in the flight* 
Another concern arose when ve had a slight pressure drop in our 
OAMS or maneuvering system, fuel pressure, source pressure on the 
fuel that is and both of these concerns have settled down completely. 
The maneuvering system fuel quantity has read a very steady pressure 
since back in the first pass over the Canary Islands* You recall 
the conversation when the Gemini-3 spacecraft was advised to look 
for its booster* That would be the second stage of the Titan II 
which put it in orbit. The pilots will yaw around to be in a 
position to look for that second stage as they start their swing 
across the Indian Ocean* They will be in the dark and the booster 
will be in the light* They should be able to see it some twenty 
miles below and behind them c We'll be standing by for further 
reports on that* This is Gemini Control* 

This is Gemini Control* This time the Kano station is in 
contact with our spacecraft taking telemetry data and other quantities* 
We have, on the basis of radar data, been able to compute our new 
apogee and perigee* They are as follows* 97 miles, perigee; apogee, 
105 miles* That's 97 statute miles by 105 statute miles on top* 
That's a reduction in the size of the apogee of approximately 35 
miles - a truly historic maneuver* Earlier, our apogee had been 
100 statute miles by 1H0 miles in apogee „ At the same time, we 
reduced the period of the orbit by approximately 1/3 of a second - 
the new orbital period 87 minutes and 2/3 seconds* That is an 
approximation , but it is close, This is Gemini Control* 



Page #10 

This is Gemini Control, The aircraft that we reported in trouble 
earlier in the eastern oc . e . c is now n earing Las Palm as, its about 
one hour out of Las Palmas, in the Canary Islands has encountered 
no further trouble, it has been met by a second aircraft and is be 
escorted to the airfield at Las Palmas. The flight itself * we are two 
hours and 8 minutes into the mission . The spacecraft at this time 
is passing over the southeast coast of Africa and they should at just 
about this time - we are rot : " :• voice contact with the spacecraft 
at this time * but they should be seeing the booster c One of the 
prime reasons why they will be able see it unlike past Mercury 
flights is due to the dramatic change in orbit , wherein they will 
actually be passing under the booster c They will yaw around and 
observe it flying some twenty to twenty five miles right over them 
and they will probably get the best view of it when it is out well 
behind them. This is Gemini Control, 

This is Gemini Control, At this time the spacecraft is directly 
over the Coastal Sentry Quebec in the Central Indian Ocean, we * ve 
had to rely on Syncom II * a communications satellite hovering over 
the Indian Ocean for contact with that ship t We have to place 
further reliance on it temporarily because we have lost communicat ions 
with our Austrailian Station* However we seem to excellent communi- 
cations through the of Syncom II* At this time the spacecraft 
should be performing a translat ional burn that will change the 
flight path very slightly * if entirely successful it will mean that 
the soacecraft will land at a point some 30 - 40 miles farther north 
\ ?.n it would have h ?d it followed the same ground track throughout 
tuia planned three orbital mission, We are at two hours 19 minutes 
into the mission* This is Gemini Control. 

This is Gemini Control, We have been advised that we are go for 
a third orbit . Communications have r^n ont -bout the last ten minutes 
with the Carnarvon Station, however, the moment that the station 
acquires the spacecraft approximately two minutes ago the communications 
including voice communications came back in. We are listening now to 
a conversation which is relatively clear between Pete Conrad and 
Gus Gr is som * This is Gemini Control* 

This is Gemini Control* We have just completed a pass over 
Hawaii within the last two minutes* The spacecraft has been raised, 
has come in contact with the Rose knot Victor ship off the southwest 
coa st of the United States c Charter erist ical ly very little conver- 
sation going back and forth strictly pilot talk, evaluating systems. 
Even Gordon Cooper, who not no red as a loquacious pi let during his 
22 orbit flight, has been moved to comment on the lack of comment by 
Gus Grissom and John Young during this flight „ They are entirely 
satisfied with the operation of the spacecraft and our ground systems* 
We are 2 hours and 57 minutes into this flight. During the Hawaii 
pass, Neil Armstrong, a fellow astronaut, confirmed the flight is 
go for the third orbit and at this point we are rapidly nearing the 
Mexican Peninsula, During the check of his control systems over the 
Pacific Ocean, Grissom noticed some drift in his eight ball, or flight 
direction needle on his side of the spacecraft - he seems not unduly 
concerned about it - apparently it is a slight drift and he is }ooking 
into it and I'm sure we will have it solved in very little time* 7b. i< 
is Gemini Control. 



Page #11 

Thi- is Gemini Control. You have been hearing for approximately 
the la st "ten minutes a live transit is- ion from the Gemini 3 spacecraft 
during the course of that conversation - the subject came up of a 
slow leak which has caused plenty of questions out at the press site. 
The ansv«r to the question is - that the spacecraft does seem to have 
a very slight leak in the yaw thruster. The Mission Director advises 
that it is of the order of approximately a quarter of a degree per 
second. It is not considered a problem. Otherwise the spacecraft seems 
to be performing very nicely. During the Cape pass a digital command 
was set up resetting clocks, updating computers - everything performing 
very nicely. Three hours and 16 minutes into the mission. This is 
Gemini Control. 

This is Gemini Control, In the last five seconds the Coastal Sentry 
Quebec in the mid-Indian Ocean has contacted the spacecraft and con- 
versation is underway there. We have been advised by the Navy downrange 
in the end of the thrid orbit landing area there is only U/10 cloud 
cover. This condition is confirmed by a picture from a Tiros satellite, < 
remarkably clear picture, which shows there is a nice sunny open stretch 
of Ocean waiting for the Molly Brown spacecraft. John Young has been 
controlling the Molly Brown Soacecraft throughout much of this orbit. 
The times - the precise times of the pre-retro burn maneuver are being 
forwarded to the spacecraft right now by the Coastal Sentry Quebec, 
the signal being relayed by Syncom II. The spacecraft is being advised 
that the amount of the burn will be, this will be in blunt end forward 
condition, its rate will be 0Q0, in other words it will be exactly 
horizontal to the earth with out right or left motion, asking for a 
burn of 96' per second. The duration of the burn will be 1 49 and 
this will have the affect of reducing the perigee of the Gemini 3 , 
flight to approximately 50 miles. That maneuver - that pre-retro 
burn maneuver will be performed slightly east of Hawaii. The spacecraft 
is now in contact with'cSQ in the mid-Indian Ocean. One final h ^PPy 
note on that airplane we reported in trouble much earlier in the flight 
has landed some 12 minutes ago at Las Palmas without further difficulties 
The C-54 that had been in trouble is now safely on the ground. This 
is Gemini Control. 

This is Gemini Control. ..... .still carrying on a conversation 

with Gus Grissom over Austrailia - an unusually long pass - much ^ 
discussion back and forth, reading out fuel quantities . One particular 
quantity that John Young reported was the fact that the spacecraft 
still has 55% of its own fuel onboard. This shows very good management 
of this particular system and this brought some very complimentary 
nods from the sy-tems people here. The time to the retro fire is a 
little more than 30 minutes, 30 minutes away. Our precise lift-off 
time this morning was 9s24 zero, zero - that is 9s24 EST. This is 
Gemini Control. 

This is Gemini Control. The spacecraft is ran idly approach ina the 
Hawaiian Islands we expect tc hive contact momentarily there and within 
a minute or two after -ontact wc will be following very closely the 
pre-retro manuevering system burns. This is the burn described earlier 
which will take approximately one minute 49 seconds at a rate of 96ft. 
per second. It will have the effect reducing the perigee some 50 miles. 
Another dramatic reduction and another evidence of the considerable 
maneuverability of this Gemini spacecraft. We are 4 hours 20 minutes 
into the mission. We are some 12 minutes and 25 seconds to retro_fire. 
That maneuver will be performed over the California Coast. This is 
Gemini Control, 



Page #12 



This is Gemini Control. There was very little conversation 
over that Hawaii r?ass which we just completed a minutes a fro 

a very successful rre-retro burn was performed . The *' ission Dire ct or 
advises that both the time and the rate about some 96 ft per ^second 
were achieved in that maneuver. The spacecraft now approaching the 
Rose Knot Victor, shou Id have access momentarily and we show 4 minutes 
37 second? to retro fire. Pilots have completed their pre -ret ro fire 
check list. In the retrofire maneuver they will pitch down 16 degrees 
their blunt end will be forward, that is, they will flying with the 
blunt end leading the flight. The retros with a thrust of 2500 lbs. 
each will fire 1,2,3, 4, fashion. They fire 5 1/2 seconds each. This 
will decrease the velocity sufficiently to bring them in at the pre- 
scribed landing noint. Downrange replies that the helicopters have 
started their engines in the prime landing area. These are the search 
helicopters. They will be launched at approximately one minute after 
the hour. This is Gemini Control. 

This is Gemini Control. We are coming up now on the final retro 
maneuver. You can probably hear the count in g in the background * 6,5,4, 
3, 2, 1. fire. There is confirmation on one retro, we got a second 
one. We have a good retro fire. We have completed it and all indica- 
tions are the attitudes were right on. We have an entirely satisfactory 
retro fire. This is Gemini Control. 

This is Gemini Control. Although communications are a little bit 
spotty, we were able to hear velocity indications ^ead out by command 
pilot Gus Grissom. He indicated we achieved a 331 ft. per second re- 
tarding velocity. The downward vector was 105 ft per second. The 
attitudes; were right on at 16 degree pitch down. This is exactly 
nominal retro fire maneuver product. This is Gemini Control. 

This; is Gemini Control. At this time the Molly Brown Spacecraft 
is entering the blackout or the neriod of ionization. It is approximately 
over the Florida Peninsula and some 17 seconds to go. John Young should 
have enerriaed the commications experiment. The experiment where by water 
will be released in pulses hoping to punch a hole in that sheet that 
surrounds the spacecraft has it burns in through the atmosphere. We 
are all listening very closely here to see what results will come from 
this experiment. This is Gemini Control. 

This is Gemini Control. We are still in the blackout period. 
Gordon Cooper is following his end of the communications experiment. 
Is broadcasting a long count, in other words a 1-2-3-4-count repeating 
it time and again so as to find out what the reception is at ^spacecraft 
level. We have as yet heard nothing down here. This is Gemini Control. 

This is Gemini Control. Throughout much of this blackout period 
we have received C-band data, that is the data coming in on a very 
high frequency. It has continued to come throughout most ^of this period. ^ 
The Mission Director is very much cheered by this. This is Gemini 
C ontr ol . 



Page #13 ..•-"*" 

This is Gemini Control. Just three seconds ago we got a 
brief burst of a conver sat ion from Qus Gr issom it sounded like 
the end of a sentence. Obviously they have been broadcasting 
also* We are through the blackout period and I belie ve moment ar ily 
Gordon Cooper ^nd Gus Grissom will establish communicat ion s . 
Grissom sounds his usual husky deep voice, Cooper querying him 
again - are vou read in g - we get bursts back from Gus, t hey *re not 
too intelligible, it is primarily a carrier problem. This is 
Gemini Control „ 

This is Gemini ControL We just heard from Gus Grissoiru 
He estimates he will be approximately 25 miles short - that ff s 25 
miles short - of t he planned imp a ct area, He is down now appr ox in- 
mate ly there he reports the drogue chute « The drogue chute is out fl 
I'll listen carefully for the other events. This is Gemini Control* 

This is Gemini Control 0 We have established radio contact from 
the Carrier Intrepid with the Molly Brown c We are standing by for 
we have a commun ications drop out from this point ooops, there he 

comes back in. We should have a ma in chute momentarily 0 We show a 
main chute indication here in the Control Center-* ftur light indicating 
main chute is lighted but we've not heard this from the ship or the 
spacecraft. And the reports from the Intrepid and the spacecraft 
now indicate that there is a good ma in chute , a good main chute 
deployment. The Carrier is in solid communication with the 
spacecraft . This is Gemini Control . 

This is Gemini ControU We indicate a landing point of 70 
degrees longitude, 22 degrees latitude. This is Gemini Controls 

This is Gemini Control. An aircraft in the prime recovery area 
is in voice contact with the spacecraft right now and we are assuming 
he's on the deck and floating. Stand by one moment please* 

some 25 to 30 miles north and west of the Carrier Intrepid. 

We have had a visual siting by an aircraft in the area* We're standing 
by for additional information. This is Gemini Controlo 

This is Gemini Control. Additional reports coming up from down- 
range now giving us a new olot of some 60-6 5 miles northwest of the 
Intrepid and our latest advi sory says there's a Coast Guard cutter 
called the Diligence within perhaps 10 miles of the spacecraft, At 
this time we have on ly the one visual siting report from an aircraft 
in the area. The Navy, of course, is very busy comparing plots, radar 
information, on-board information, and within a very few minutes we 
hope to have a little more solid information on how the spacecraft 
looks for you<> The general ground rule says that the pilots will 
remain with t he spacecraft until a ship comes alongside 0 Stand by 
one , plea se . 

This is Gemini Control. In the last few seconds we've had our 
confirmation from downrange that one of the Air Rescue airplanes 
circling in the area has deployed its paramedics, or its jumpers, 
t he ir purpose is to go down and secure the spacecraft with a large 



Page ■« 14 

• *. t+ T ?av 5C3in, the swimmers have _ 

estimate the splashdown of the JP*-"'-*^^ is GeTnini Control, 
after the hour, Eastern Standard Tine. This 

. . „ * i out* latest reports from downrange 
This is Gemini Control. Our latest P spacecraft, 
have helicopters in the area over the. -^^J no * rings th e 

Swimmers have been aeoioyed. ^"iL The latest estimate, and I'm 
spacecraft. It's floating very nice ly . T t _ ^ ^.^ tQ 

sorry if there's confusion over these estate ^ ^ sources . 

relay them as fast ^V" 6 ! the c iaf L 58 miles from the 
Our latest estimate places the »P«"°" r indicat ion that the Carrier 
Carrier. I'd like to correct an earl er i re vise that to 

would be alongside in 50 -inutes I think we ftgain that i; 

mo va like an hour and a half, an ^*na little mor e secure we'll 

i , +6T ,*.t! VP estimate, When things are a j. 
only a tentative esTim* Gemini Control, 

pass that information on. This is Gemini 

. „ • • Vice President Humphrey, who sat out 

This is Gemini Control. vice r hi feet . He's 

m ost of this mission in f * ^^^f^, director of the Manned 
beaming - he's congratulating Dr. Gilruth. ^ ^ DQD 

Spacecraft Center, General Leighton I . Davis Director of the 

forces supporting the Gemini mi """j £ ' u ^ er . / and now on the 

Office of ^fal^:ed Space Flight, NASA "jaaqu , _ g vgry 

floor Chris Kraft has lighted his pos >« s J£ tired but they're 

happy man. In J™"* 1 ' ^^..Jul mLsion. This is Gemini Control, 
awfully happy after a very successrux 

this is . direct contact -ItJ -^"^ise Vh e airplane that tn.y 
Brown pilot and coi^and pilot. »! removing their suits, 

are staying in the sP"""ft; tmv-ever t hey t a , ure 

Apparently they are a little iri V the spaC ecraft but they are 

T«. 1. -^--./^i.iflrLlhi^spL^t^^nir-.uld 
places the Carrier Intrepid « "il" * r °" rox i n »tely an hour anc 20 
indicate an it ional sa il ing t ime of *M£°* J nut „ „.,„„ the 

rrLrh p :r:?r:%"i: g °r n thU h s e up :ussrto „j an* an „...i. e 

ihis is Gemini Control. 



Page #15 



This is Gemini Control , Our latest advisory f r om d o wn r a n g e 
indicates that a helicopter Dick up will be made of the crew and 
the helicopters will return theirs to the Carrier Intrepid now some 
40 miles from the spacecraft, Meanwhile Vice President Humphrey 
has been on the floor of the Control Center the past 10 minutes. 
He has past *m^n^ sll. the flight controllers, I think shaking the 
hand of each one, Very uleased about the mission* We now can 
confirm that the Astronauts are in the helicopters, both astronauts 
in helicopters that are beinjT returned to the Carrier at this time,, 
This is Gemini Control, 

This is Gemini Control* The two Astronauts are presently riding 
in one helicopter and nrocssdln? toward the Carrier Intrepid and 
should be onboard morn-en r ar i 1 v 0 Meanwhile a flight surgeon in .the 
helicopter has past the message to the Intrepid, they have relayed 
it bc.ck to me - ~ the message is --All is well« This is Gemini 

Control, 

This is Gemini Control, From the deck of the Carrier Intrepid 
our Public Affairs Officer onboard advises - the helicopters are 
expected at the half hour in about 8 minutes they should be on 
the deck of the Intrepid,, This is Gemini Controls 

This is Gemini Control, The helicopter bearing Gus Grissom and 
John Young is now over the deck of the Carrier Intrepid, Momentarily 
it will touchdown and the red carpet has been spread out on the deck 
of the Intrepid a I p m advised literallv thousands of white suited 
sailors are deployed around the deck ready to cheer the arrival of 
these two spacemen* This is Gemini ControL 

This is Gemini Control, Gus Grissom stepped out of the helicopter 
only moments ago aboard the Carrier, He was described as having 
a big smile on his face, waving to a crowd of sailors, who are thronging 
arourd the helicopter, John Young following several steps behind him # 
Both of them obviously quite happy* Looking great after a splendid 
3 orb it mission* This is Gemini Control u 

This is Gemini Controls Our two Astronauts were met on a red 
carpet by RADM Donald M y White and other ranking officers of the Intrepid* 
They are being escorted at this time to the Admiral's cabin 0 This is 
Gemini Control* 

This is Gemini Control. The President of the United States is 
now reportedly talking to John Young* He has just finished a conver- 
sation with Gus Grissom on the Carrier Intrepid, On the way in to get 
that phone call, Grissom made two statements to Public Affairs Officer 
onboard, he said "it was a great flight" and then he added with a big 
smile "I'll be ready to rake GT-i+" a We have a report from the Doctors 
onboard based on the first few minutes of their physical examination. 
They indicate to us both pilots appear to be in excellent condition* 
That physical will continue shortly* This is Gemini Control*