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Arrival of fourteen loway Indians in London — Tlioir lodgings in St. 
James's Struct — Tlic Author visits them — Tlicir portraits and names — 
Mr. Melody, their conductor — Jeffrey Doraway, their interpreter — 
Landlady's alarm — Indians visit the Author's Collection in the Epy|)tian 
Hall — Arrangement to dance in the Collection — The Doctor (Medicine 
or Mystery man) on top of the Hall — Their first drive in a bus — Doctor's 
a])pearance outside — Indians' first imjjressions of London — Lascars 
sweeping the streets — Man with a big nose — The Doctor lost, and found 
on the housetoj) — Their first exhibition in Egyptian Hall — Eaglc-dancc 
— The Doctor's speech — Great amusement of the ladies — His description 
of the railroad from Liverpool to London — War-dance, great api)lausc 
— The " jolly fat dame " — She presents a gold bracelet to the Doctor 
by mistake — Her admiration of the Jtutnan-iiose — War-whoop — Descrip- 
tion of — Approaching-dancc — Wolt-song, and description of — Great 
amusement of the audience — Shaking hands — Mistake with the 
bracelet Page 1 

It ' 



Character of the Doctor {mystery or mrcUcinc vian) — An oinnibus-drive — 
The Doctor's admiration of the " jolly fat dame" — Jealous^' — W^ar-drcss 
and war-paint of the Roman-nose — His appearance — He loads the War- 
dance — The Welcome-dance, and Bear-dance — Description of — Pi|)e-of- 
j)eacc (or Calumet) dance, and Scalp -dance — Chip-pe-ho-la {the 
Author) — Speech of the War-chief— The "jolly fatdamo" — She pre- 
sents a gold bracelet to Roman-nose — Jealousy and distress of the 
Doctor — She converses with Daniel — Two reverend gentlemen converse 
with the Indians about religion — Reply of White-cloud and War-chief 
— (iucstions by the reverend gentlemen — Answers by the War-chief — 
Indians invited to l)roakfast with Mr. Disraeli, M.P., Park Lane — 
Indian i' toilette and dress— The Doctor and Jim (Wash-ka-mon-ya) 
fasting .or the occasion 27 




Kind reception at Mr. Disraeli's — View of Ilyilc Park from tiic top oi' 
liis house — Review of troops, and sham fight — Rreakfast-tahic — Tiie 
Doctor missing — The Author finds him in the hathinp-room — Cham- 
pagne wine — Refused by the Indians — ChickaboltlHM) : Chippiliola ti-lls 
tiic story of it — Tlic Indians drink — Presents — Tlie " big h)oking- 
glass " — The Doctor smiles in it — Speech of the War-chief — Shake of 
hands, and return — P^xiiibition-room, Egyptian Hall — Doctor presents a 
string of wampum and the '• White-frntlwr " to the " jolly fat dame " — 

Indians talk about chicknltoblioo — The Rev. Mr. G calls — A ditt'erent 

religion (a Catholic) — Interview appointed — Two Methodist clergymen 
call — Indians refuse to see them — The giant and giantess visit the In- 
dians — The Doctor measuring tiic giantess — The talk with the Catholic 
clergyman Page 47 



The Doctor and Jim visit several churches — The Indians in St. Paul's — 
In Westminster Abbey — The exhibition at the Hall — The Doctor agrees 
to go in the carriage of the " jolly fat dame " — Mr. Melody olyects — 
The Doctor's melancholy — Indians stop the bus to talk with Lascars — 
Make them jjresents of money — Indians discover c/tic/tahoblwo-dr/s (gin- 
palaces) — and ladies lying down in their carria<?es reading books — Cliim- 
c-gotch-ecs (or fish) — Jim's story of " Fish " — Experiments in mesmerism 
— Wash-ka-mon-ya (Jim) mesmerized — The Doctor's ojiinions on mes- 
merism — loways in Lord's Cricket-ground — Archery and ball-playing — 
Encampment — Wigwams — Indians invited by Mrs. Lawrence to Ealing 
Park — Their kind reception — Their Royal Highnesses the Duke and 
Duchess of Cambridge — The Princess Mary — The Duchess of (Jlouccstor 
— The Hereditary Grand Duke and Duchess, and other distinguished 
guests — Amusements — Beautiful grounds — Indians dine on the lawn — 
Roast beef and plum-pudding — Cldchabohhoo — Alarm of the parrots — 
Doctor's superstition — ChLhabubboo explained — Sj)ceoh of the War- 
chief — Taking leave — Fright of the poor birds — Handsome presents — 
Conservatory — The Doctor's ideas of it — Indians visit Surrey Zoological 
(jardens — Fright of the birds and animals — Indians sacrifice tobacco to 
the lion and the rattlc-snakcs 63 


Indians' remarks on the Zoological Gardens — Their pity for the poor buf- 
falo and other animals imprisoned — Jini'a talk with a clergyman about 




I It'll and the liymnus— Iiidiuns' ideas of ustmiioiny— Jim and tlii' Doctor 
lunir of tl»c hclU of Loiidon—Dt'sirc to go into thorn — Proniisod to go — 
Indians countin<( tlic gin-paluccs {i:/iu:/uibul)l>()o-aiis) in u ride to Hluckwall 
and l)ack— The result— Kxhihition in the Egyptian llall— A sudden 
excitement — The War-chief recognises in tlie crowd Ids old friend 
" Hohasheela"— Their former lives on the Mississippi and Missouri — 
Hobasheelu an Knglishman — His travels in tlie " Far West" of Amerieu 
— Story of their first acquaintance — The doomed wedding-party — Lieut. 
IMkc — Daniel lloone ami Son — Indians visit a great brewery — Kind re- 
ception by the proprietors — (ireat surprise of the Indians — Immense 
(piantitics of cltkhah)MK)o — War-dance in an empty vat — Daniel com- 
mences Jim's book of the statistics of England — Indians visit the Tunnel 
— Visit to the Tower — The Horse Armoury — The Iloyal Uegaliu — 
Indians' ideas of the crowns and jewels — " Tulems" (arms) on the fronts 
of noblemen's houses — Iloyal arms over the shops — Strange notions of 
the Doctor — They see the "man with the big nose" again — Ami the 
" gri^at white War-chief (the Duke of Wellington) on horseback, near 
his wigwam " Page i)0 

)or buf- 


The loways in Vauxhall (Jardens — Surrey Theatre — Carter in the lions' 
cage — Astonishment of the Indians — Indians in the Diving Bell, at the 
Polytechnic Institution — Indians riding— Shooting at target on horseback 
— Uall-play — "Jolly fat dame"— Ladies converse with the Doctor — 
Ilis reasons for not marrying — Curious questions — Plurality of wives — 
Amusing scene — The Author in Indian costume — A cruel experiment — 
loways arrive in Birmingham — The Author's arrival there — Society of 
Friends — Indians all breakfast with Mr. Joseph Sturge — Kind treatment 
— Conversation after breakfast about religion and education — Roj)ly of 
the War-chief — The button-factory of Turner and Sons — Generous pre- 
sents to the Indians — liobuslieela arrives — Indians dividing their buttons 
— Doctor found on top of the Shakespeare Buildings — Indians' kindness 
to a beggar-woman — Poorhouscs — Many Friends visit the Indians — 
Indians' visit to Miss Catherine llutton — Her great age — Her kind- 
ness — Dinner — Her presents to :hem in money — Parting scene — Tiie 
War-chief's speech to her — Her letters to the Author — Indians present 
to the two hospitals 370 dollars — Address read by the Presidents to the 
Indians — Doctor's reply — Indians start for York — A fox-hunt — Curious 
notions of Indians about it — Visit to York Minster — Ascend the grand 
tower — Visit to the castle and prison — Museum of the instruments of 
murder — Alarm of the Doctor — Kindness of the governor of the castle 
and his lady — Indians' ideas of imprisonment for debt, and punishment 
for murder 117 




Nowcastlo-on-Tynp — Indians' alurins altoiit Jails — Kind visif.^ from Friends 
— Mrs. A. Ricliardson — Advice of tlio Friends— Wur-Cliicf'a reply — 
Iiil)eral i»roscnts— Arrive at Sunderland- Kindness of the Friends — All 
breakfast, with Mr. T. Riehnrdson — Indians plant trees in his f^arden — 
And the Author also — The Doctor's superstition — Sacrifice — F«'ast 
— Illness of the llonian Nose — Indians visit a coalpit — North Shields — 
A sailors' dinner and a row — Arrive ut (Minhurgh — A drive — First 
exhibition there — Visit to Salisbury Crag — To Arthur's Seat — Ilolyrood 
House and Castle — The crown of lloliort Hruce — The " big j/un," — 
"Queen Mab " — Curious modes of building — "Flats" — Origin of — 
Illness of Corsair, the little pappoose — The old Doctor speaks — War- 
chief's speech — A feast of ducks — Indians' remarks upon thegovernnient 
of Scotland — "The swapping of crowns" — The Doctor proposes the 
crown of Robert Bruce for Prince Albert — Start for Dundee — Indians' 
liberality — A noble act — Arrival at Dundee— Death of little Corsair — 
Distress of the Little Wolf and his wife — Curious ceremony — Young 
men jnercing their arms — Indians at Perth — Arrival in Glasgow — Quar- 
tered in the Town-hall — The ceniettry— -The Ilunterian Museum — The 
Doctor's admiration of it — Daily drives — Indians throw money to the 
poor — Alarm for Roman Nuse — Two reverend gentlemen talk with 
the Indians — War-chief's remarks — Greenock — Doctor's regret at 
leaving Page 155 



Arrival in Dublin — Decline of the Roman Nose — Exhibition in the Ro- 
tunda — Feast of ducks — First drive — Phoenix Park — Stags — Indians' 
ideas of game-laws and taxes — Annual expenses of British government 
— National debt — Daniel enters these in Jim's book — Indians called 
" Irishmen" — Author's reply — Speech of the Vi'ar-chief — Jim's rapid 
civilization — New estimates for his book — Daniel reads of " Murders, 
&c.," in Times newspaper — Jim subscribes for the Times — Petition of 
100,000 women — Society of Friends meet the Indians in the Rotunda — 
Their advice, and present to the chiefs 40/. — Indians invited to Zoolo- 
gical Gardens — Presented with 36/. — Indians invited to Trinity College 
— Conversation with the Rev. Master on religion — Liberal presents — 
They visit the Archbishop of Dublin — Presents — All breakfast with Mr. 
Joseph Bewly, a Friend — Kind treatment — Christian advice — Sickness 
of Roman Nose — Various entertainments by the Friends — A curious 
beggar — Indians' liberality to the poor — Arrival at Liverpool — Rejoicing 
and feast — Council — Roman Nose placed in an hospital — Arrival in 
Manchester — Exhibition in Free Trade Hall — Immense platform — 
Three wigwams — Archery — Ball-j)lay, &c. — Great crowds — Bobasheeln 
arrives — Death of the JKo»m^^ Aosc — Forms of burial, &c 178 




'F'h»« Aiitlior nrrivrs in Paris— Victoria Hotel -Mr. Melody nnd his ln<liaii« 
jirrivo— Doctor missiiifr. and loniid on tlic toj) of the hotel— Alarm of 
servants— First drive in Paris— Visit to Mr. Kin^', the American andias- 
sudor — French chichalHtblioo—'M. Vattemare Indians visit the Hotel de 
Ville — Pri'fet do P(dice — Ma;rnitieent salons — 'I'he " biglookinfj-jrlasses" 
— The Prel'et's lady — Ilefreslnnents and f7uV,W«)/(//«o~S|>eeeh of the 
Wnr-chiel" — Iteply of the Prefet — Salle Valentino taken lor the e.\hi- 
liition — Daniel arrives with the Collection from London — Indians visit 
the Kincr i" t'lt* palace of the Tuilcries— Royal personajres — C'lmversa- 
tion — War-chief presents the calumet — His speech to the Kin|.'- Euglo- 
dance — War-dance — Little Wolf presents his tomahawk and whip t(» 
the King — His speech — Refreshments and "Queen's cliivlmbohhoo" — 
Drinking the King's and Queen's health, and health of the Count de 
Paris — •' Vive Ic Roi " — .Jim's opinion of the King — An Indian's idea 
of descents — Presents in money from the King— Mode of dividing it — 
A drive — Ladies leading dogs with strings — The number counted in one 
drive — The Indians' — An entry ir .lim's book— .lim laments 
the loss of the Times newspaper and Puiirh — He takes (Jalignani's Mes- 
senger — Indians dine at W. Costar's -'i'he Doctor's compliment to a 
lady's tine voice — Indians visit the Royal Academy of Sciences — Curious 
reception — M. Arngo — Indians' suspicions and alarms— Jim's remarkable 
speech — Opening of the exhibition in Salle Valentino — (Jreat excite- 
ment — Speech of the War-chief — Shaking hands — Piddie opiinon of the 
Author's Collection Page 203 

the Ro- 
s called 
tition of 
tundu — 
escnts — 
th Mr. 
rrival in 
atform — 
. 178 


Indians at Madame Greene's party — Their ideas of waltzing— The Doctor's 
admiration of the young ladies — The King's fete, Ist of May — Indians 
in the Palace — Royal Family in tiie balcony — (Irand and suijiime scene 
on the river — Indians in a crowd of nobility in the Due d'Aumale's apart- 
ments — Messenger to Indians' apartments with golil and .silver medals- 
Medals to the women nnd children — Consequent difficulties — Visit to 
the Hospital of Invalids — Place Concorde — Colunm of Luxor — The 
fountains — Visit to the Triumphal Arch — .Tim's description of an ugly 
woman — Victor Hugo — Mailame Georges Sands — Indians visit the 
Louvre — M. de Cailleux — Uaron de Humboldt — Illness of the wife of 
Little Wolf — A phrenologist visits the Indians — The phrenologist's head 
examined — Two Catholic priests visit the Indians — Indians visit the 
Garden of Plants — Alarm of the birds and animals — The " ]ioor prisoner 
bufl'alo" — Visit to the Salle mix Vins — Astonishment of the Indians — 
The war-whoop — C/tic/iabobboo — C&\'6s explained— Indians visit Pire la 
VOL. II. h 



C/idine — A prcat runorul- A ii|)ooch ovor the grave — Hired nioiirncri — 
Visit the Sch<M>i of Mrttin'ne — and *^ Dupuytrm's Room" — Kxoitemciit 
of the Doctor — Visit to tlio Foundlinij Hospitnl — Astoniahiiient aiul 
pity of the Indians — Entries in Jiin'a note-l)ook, and Doctor's remarks — 
Visit the Guillotine — Indians' ideas of /lanijimj in England, and /m- 
/icfiffimj in France — Curious debate — Visit to the Doy Market — Jim's 
purchusc and difficulty — Th<! J)<hj Hmpital — Alarm of the •' pctites 
nialades" — Retreat — Bobas/urln arrives from London — (Jreat rejoicing 
— Jim's comments on the Frenthwonicn — The little foundlings and the 
little dofjs I'uge 23i 


La Mort/ue— The Catacombs — The Doctor's dream — Their great alarm — 
Visit to the Hippodrome — Jim riding M. Franconi's horse — Indians in 
the Woods of Boulogne — Fright of the rabbits — Jim and the Doctor at 
the Hal Mabille, Champs Elysees — At the Masquerade, Grand Opera — 
Their opinions and criticisms on them — F'renchwomen at confession in 
St. Iloch — Doctor's ideas of it — Jim's s|>ccch — ** Industrious fleas" — 
Death of the wife of Little Wolf — Her baptism — Husband's distress — 
lier funeral in the Madeleine — Her burial in Montmartrc — Council held — 
Indians resolve to return to Anierica — Preparations to depart in a few- 
days — Bobasheela goes to London to ship their boxes to New York — 
He returns, and accompanies the Indians to Havre — Indians take leave 
of Chippehola (the Author) — M. Vattemarc accompanies them to Havre 
— Kindly treated by Mr. Winslow, an American gentleman, at Havre — 
A splendid dinner, and {Queen's) Chickabobboo — Indians embark — 
Taking leave of Bobasheela — Illness of the Author's lady — His alarm 
and distress — Her death — Obituary — Her remains embalmed and sent to 
New York 261 


Eleven Ojibbcway Indians arrive from London — Their exhibitions 
in the Author's Collection — ■ Portraits and description of — Their 
amusements — Their pledge to sobriety — Chickabobboo explained to 
them — Birth oi' &Pappoose—M. Gudin ; Indiansandthc Author dine with 
him — His kind lady — The Author breakfeasts with the Royal Family 
in the palace at St. Cloud — Two Kings and two Queens at the table — 
The Author presented to the King and Queen of the Belgians by Louis 
Philippe, in the salon — Count de Paris — Brabant — Recollects 
the Indian pipe and mocassins presented to him by the Author in the 
Etryptian Hall — Duchess of Orleans — The Princess Adelaide — The King 
relates anecdotes of his life in America — Washington's farewell address 







— Losing; liU >.og ill tho Sonct-a villuf^o — Crossing Iluffulo Creek — Do- 
■cuiiding thu Tio^u uiid SuM(|U('hunu rivers in an Indiuii cunoo to Wyo- 
ming, tho Author's native vulloy — Thu King desires the Author to ar- 
range his whoU; CoUection in the Louvre for tho private views of the 
Royal Family — He also a|)|H)ints a day to see the Ojibbeways in the 
Park at St. Cloud — Great rejoicing of the Indians — A doij-Jinst — The 
Indians and the Author dine a second time at M. (jludin's . . i'uge 27H 


Indians' visit to the Palace of St. Cloud — The Park — Artificial lake — 
Royal Family — Prince de Joinvillc — Recollected seeing the Author and 
Collection in Washington — King and Queen of Helgiuns — The reyaita 
— The birch-bark canoe, and the Prince de Joinville's '• Whitchaller " — 
War-dance — Uall-pluy — Archery — Dinner prepared for the Indians — 
M. Gudin and the Author join them — Indians' return — (iossip at night 
— Their ideas of the King and Royal Family — Messenger from the King, 
with gold and silver medals and money, to the Indians — The Wnr-chief 
cures a cancer — Author's Collection in the Salle de Stance, in tlio Louvre 
— The Indians and the Author dine with M. Passy, Mend)er of De|)utics 
— Kind treatment by himself and lady — King visits the Collection in tho 
Louvre — The Author explains his pictures — Persons present — An hour's 
visit — The King retires — Second visit of the King and Royal Family to 
the Collection — The Author's four little children presented to the King 
— His Majesty relates the anecdote of bleeding himself in America, 
and his visit to General Washington at Mount Vernon — His descent of 
the Ohio and Mississippi rivers in a small boat, to New Orleans — 
Orders the Author to paint fifteen pictures for Versailles .... 287 

I— Their 
jiained to 

Jinc with 
ll Family 
le table — 
1 by Louis 
lior in the 
The King 

111 address 


The Author leaves his Collection in the Louvre, and arrives with the In- 
dians in Bruxelles — Indians at the soiree of the American Minister in 
Bruxellcs — Author's reception by the King in the Palace— Small-pox 
among the Indians — Indians unable to visit the Palace — Exhibition closes 
— Seven sick with small-pox — Death of one of them — His will — A 
second dies — II is will — The rest recover — Faithful attentions of Daniel — 
The Author accompanies them to Antwerp, and pays their expenses to 
London on a steamer — Death of the War-chief in London — His will — The 
Author raises money by subscription and sends to them — Letter from 
the survivors, in England, to the Author — Drawings by the War-chief 
— The Author stopped in the streets of London and invited to see the 
skeleton of the War-chief! — Uis indignation — Subsequent deaths of four 




Others of this party in England — The three parties of Indians in Europe 
— Their objects — Their success — ^Their conduct — Their reception and 
treatment — Things which they saw and learned — Estimates and statistics 
of civilized life which they have carried home — Their mode of reasoning 
from such premises — And the probable i -"ults Page 294 


The Author roturns to his little children in Paris — His loss of time and 
money — The three Indian speculations — Ilis efforts to promote the in- 
terests of the Indians, and the persons who brought tliem to Europe — 
His advice to other persons wishing to engage in similar enterprises — The 
Author retires to his atelier, and paints the fifteen pictures for the King 
— The pleasure of quiet and retirement with his four little cl.'ildren 
around him — He offers hi^ Indian Collection to the American Govern- 
ment — And sends his memorial to Congress — BiM reported in favour of 
the purchase — The Author has an interview with the King in the Tui- 
leries — Delivers the fifteen pictures — Subjects of the pictures painted — 
Conversations with the King — Reflections upon his extraordinary life — 
The Author's thoughts, while at his easel, upon scenes of his life gone by 
— And those that were about him, as he strolled, with his little children, 
through the streets and society of Paris — Distressing and alarming illness 
of the Author's four little children — Kindness of sympathizing friends — 
Death of " little George " — His remains sent to New York, and laid by 
the side of his mother — A father's tears and loneliness — ^The Author 
returns with his Collection to London 311 


^ # 

!< t^ 



Extracts of Letters from the loway Mission, Upper Missouri . . . 327 


Experiments in Horse-taming 



. s./ 








Arrival of fourteen loway Indians in London — Their lodgings in St. 
James's Street— The Author visits them — Their portraits and names — 
Mr. Melody, their conductor — Jeffrey Doraway, their interpreter — 
Landlady's alarm — Indians visit the Author's Collection in the Egyptian 
Hall — Arrangement to dance in the Collection — The Doctor (Medicine 
or Mystery man) on top of the Hall — Their first drive in a bus — Doctor's 
appearance outside — Indians' first impressions of London — Lascars 
sweeping the streets — Man with a big nose — The Doctor lost, and found 
on the housetop — Their first exiiibition in Egyptian Hall — Eagle-dance 
— The Doctor's speech — Great amusement of the ladies — His description 
of the railroad from Liverpool to London — War-dance, great applause 
— The " jolly fat dame " — She presents a gold bracelet to the Doctor 
by mistake — Her admiration of the Roman-nose — War-whoop — Descrip- 
tion of — Approaching-dance — Wolf-song, and description of — Great 
amusement of the audience — Shaking hands — Mistake w ith the bracelet. 

The event which I spoke of at the close of my last 
chapter — the arrival of another party of Indians — was one 
which called upon me at once for a new enterprise, and I 
suddenly entered upon it, again deferring the time of my 
return to my native land. 

The " fourteen low^y Indians," as report had said, had 
arrived, and were in apartments at No. 7, St. James's 
Street, with their interpreter. This j)arty was in charge of 
Mr. G. H. C. Melody, who had accompanied them from 
their own country with a permission gained from the Secre- 
tary at War to bripo: them to Europe, which permission 
was granted in the following words : — 


is '<t| 



Dkar Sib, V^'wr Department, Washington Citi/, Sept. I4th, 1843. 

In answer to your application relative to Mr. Melody's Hiking a 
tour to Europe with a party of loway Indians, as well as to a similar one 
on his bci.ait' from the Rev. Wm. P. Cochran, of Marian County, Missouri, 
I beg leave to say, that it has not been usual to grant any permissions of the 
kind, and the verbal instructions to the Agents, Superintendents, &e. have 
been against |)ormitting such tours, for the reason, I presume, that the per- 
soni having them in charge are usually men who merely wish to make mo- 
ney out of them by exhibitions, without taking any care of their habits or 
morals, or inducing them to profit by what they see and hear upon their 

In the present case, however, I do not think that the evils usually to be 
apprehended will occur, from the character of Mr. Melody, and the mode 
in which the Indians are j)roposed to be selected. This I understand is to 
be done by the Chief, White Cloud, with the full assent of the individuals 
thus selected, and their continuance on the tour to be their own act. 

Under all the circumstances, I suppose all the Department can do, is to 
allow Mr. Melody and ti.e Chiefs of the tribe to do as they please, with- 
out imposing the usual or a.\v prohibition. 

I am, yours, very truly, 


Vespasian Ellis, Esq. Secretary at War, 




Dear Sir, Washington City, S'pt. 1843. 

Under this letter you are authorised to make any arrange nent with 
the Chief of the tribe of Indians that you avid he may please to make ; 
and the War Department agrees, in consideration of your well-know:i inte- 
grity of character, not to interfere w ith the arrangement w hich you and the 
Chief or the Indians may make. 

Your obedient Servant, 
Mr. Melody. Vespasian Ellis. 

Mr. Melody called upon mc immediately on his airival 
in London, and I went with him to see his party, :;everal of 
whom I at once recognized as 1 entered their rooms. On 
seeing me they all rose upon their feet and offered me their 
hands, saluting me by their accustomed word, " How ! how ! 
ho"/ ! C/u'p-pc-fiu-la r* and evidently were prepared for 
great pleasure on meeting me. White Cloud, the head chief 
of the tribe, was of the party, and also the war-chief JVeu- 
monya (the Walking Rain). These two chiefs, v/hose 
portraits were then hanging in my collection, had stood 
before me for their pictures several years previous in their 




is to 

rai of 
how ! 


own village, and also one of the warriors now r)r< sent, whose 
name was IVask-ka-moii-ya (the Fast Dancer). These facts 
being known, one can easily imagine how anxious these 
good fellows had been, during a journey of 2000 miles from 
their country to New York, and then during their voyage 
across the ocean, to meet me in a foreign land, wl* ) had 
several years before shared the hospitality of their village, 
and, to their knowledge, had done so much to collect and 
perpetuate the history of their race. They had come also, 
as I soon learned, in the full expectation to dance in my 
collection, which they were now impatient to see. 

This first interview was during the evening of their 
arrival, and was necessarily brief, that they might get their 
night's rest, and be prepared to visit my rooms in the 
morning. A few pipes were smoked out as we were all 
seated on the floor, in a " talk " upon the state of aflfuirs in 
their country and incidents of their long and tedious journey, 
at the end of which they now required rest, and I left 

By entering the city at night, they had created little 
excitement or alarm, except with the landlady and her 
servants, where they had been taken in. Their rooms 
had been engaged before their arrival, but the good woman 
" had no idea they were going to look so savage and wild ; 
she was very much afraid that their red paint would destroy 
her beds," not yet knowing that they were to wash the 
paint all off before they retired to rest, and that then they 
were to spread their buffalo robes upon the floor and sleep 
by the side of, and under her beds, instead of getting into 
them. These facts, when they became known, amused her 
very much; and Mr. Melody's representations of the harin- 
lessness and honesty of the Indians, put her at rest with 
respect to the safety of her person and her property about 
her house. 

The objects of these being the same as those of the 
former party, of seeing the country and making money 
by their exhibitions, I entered into a similar arrangement 

B 2 



j! 't 

with Mr. Melody, joining with my collection, conducting 
their exhibitions, and sharing- the expenses and receipts of 
the same, on condition that such an arrangement should be 
agreeable to the Indians. 

Their first night's rest in London being finished, they 
wero all up at an early hour, full of curiosity to see what 
was around them ; and their fourteen red heads out of their 
front windows soon raised a crowd and a novel excitement 
in St. James's. Every body knew that the " Indians had 
gone," and the conjectures amongst the crowd were various 
and curious as to this strange arrival. Some said it was 
" the wedding party returned ;" others, more sagacious, dis- 
covered the difference in their appearance, and pronounced 
them " the real cannibals from New Zealand ;" and others 
said " their heads were too red, and they could be nothing 
else than the real ?wZ-heads — the man-eaters — that they 
had read of somewhere, but had forgotten the place." 

The morning papers, however, which are the keys for all 
such mysteries, soon solved the difficulty, but without 
diminishing the crowd, by the announcement that a party 
of fourteen loway Indiana, from the base of the Rocky 
Mountains, had arrived during the night and taken up 
their lodgings in St. James's Street. 

After taking their breakfasts and finishing their toilets, 
they stepped into carriages and paid the'r first visit to my 
collection, then open in the Egyptian Hall. Instead of 
yelling and shouting as the Ojibbeways did on first entering 
it, they all walked silently and slowly to the middle of the 
room, with their hands over their mouths, denoting surprise 
and silence. In this position, for some minutes (wrapped in 
their pictured robes, which were mostly drawn over their 
heads or up to their eyes), they stood and rolled their eyes 
about the room in all directions, taking a general survey of 
what was around them, before a word was spoken. There 
was an occasional " she-e " in a lengthened whisper, and 
nothing more for some time, when at length a gradual and 
almost imperceptible conversation commenced about por- 


pts of 
Id be 


■ their 
IS had 
it was 
IS, dis- 
it they 

5 for all 
1, party 
|ven up 

I toilets, 
to my 
tead of 
of the 
Inped in 
Ir their 
kir eyes 
|rvey of 
[r, and 
lal and 
lit por- 

traits and things which they recognized around the room. 
They had been in a moment transferred into the midst of 
hundreds of their . friends and their enemies, who were 
gazing at them from the walls — amongst wig-wams and 
thousands of Indian costumes and arms, and views of the 
prairies they live in — altogether opening to their view, and to 
be seen at a glance, what it would take them years to see in 
their own country. They met the ])ortraits of their chiefs 
and other friends, upon the walls, and extended their hands 
towards them ; and they gathered in groups in front of their 
enemies, whom the warriors had met in battle, and now 
recognized before them. They looked with great pleasure on 
a picture of their own village, and examined with the closest 
scrutiny the arms and weapons of their enemies. One may 
easily imagine how much there was in this collection to enter- 
tain these rude ])cople, and how much to command their 
attachment to me, with whom they had already resolved to 

A council was held and the pipe lit under the Crow 
wig-warn, which was standing in the middle of my room, 
when Mr. Melody explained to the Indians that he had now 
got them safe across the ocean as he had promised, and into 
the midst of the greatest city in the world, where they would 
see many curious things, and make many good and valuable 
friends, if they conducted themselves properly, which he was 
confident they would do. 

" You have met," said he, "your old friend Chip-pc-ho-la, 
whom you have talked so much about on the way ; you are 
now in his wonderful collection, and he is by the s'de of you, 
and you will hear what he has to say." (" JIow ! how ! how .'") 

1 reminded the White-cloud of the time that I was in his 
village, and lived under his father's tent, where I had been 
kindly treated, and for which 1 should always feel grat ful. 
That in meeting them here, I did not meet them as strangers, 
but as friends. {"How! how! how!"') That they had 
come a great way, and with a view to make something to 
carry home to their wives and little children; that Mr. 


' I 



I ■ 

Melody and I had entered into an arrangement ])y which I 
was in hop* s that my efforts might aid in enabling them to 
do so. (" IIoiv ! how ! how ! ") That I was willing to de- 
vote all my time, and do all that was in my power, but the 
continuation of my exertions would depend entirely u])on 
their own conduct, and their efforts to gain respect, by 
aiding in every way they could, and keeping themselves 
entirely sober, and free from the use of spirituous liquors. 
{''How! how! how!") 

Mr. Melody here remarked that they had pledged their 
words to him and their Great Father (as the condition on 
which they were allowed to come), that they would drink 
no ardent spirits while absent, and that he was glad to say 
they had thus far kept their i)romise strictly. {^^ How! how! 

I told them I was glad to hear this, and I had no doubt 
but they would keej) their word with me on that point, for 
every thing dej)ended on it. We were amongst a people 
who look uj)on drunkenness as low and beastly, and also as 
a crime ; and as 1 had found that most white people were 
of opinion that all Indians were drunkards, if they would 
show by their conduct that such was not the case, they 
would gain many warm and kind friends wherever they 
went. (" Hotv ! how ! how ! ") I told them that the Ojib- 
beways whom I had had with me, and who had recently 
gone home, gave me a solemn promise when they arrived 
that they would keep entirely sober and use no spirituous 
liquors, — that they kept that promise awhile, but I had 
been grieved to hear that before they left the country 
they had taken up the wicked habit of drinking whiskey, 
and getting drunk, by which they had lost all the respect 
that white people had for them when they first came over. 
(A great laugh, and " How ! how ! hoio ! ") 

Neu-mon-ya (the war-chief) replied to me, that they were 
thankful that the Great Spirit had kept them safe across 
the ocean and allowed them to see me, and to smoke the 
pipe again with me, and to hear my wise counsel, which 

ti tt) 
t the 
t, by 


ion on 


to say 

/ how ! 

3 doubt 
aint, for 
also as 
>le were 
y would 
se, they 
xr they 
e Ojib- 
t I had 
\e over. 

ley were 
te across 

loke the 
[el, which 



they had all determined to keep {'"•IIow! liu,::! how!''). 
He said that they had been very foolish to learn to drink 
^\fire-watcr^' in their country, which was very destructive to 
them, and they had j)romised their Great Father, the 
President, that they would drink none of it whilst they were 
abroad. He said he hoj)ed I would not judge them by the 
Ojibbeways who had been here, " for," said he, " they are 
all a set of drunkards and thieves, and always keep their 
])romiscs just about as well as they kept them with you." 
(A laugh, and ^^ How ! how! hoic!'")* 

This talk, which was short, was ended here, to the satis- 
faction of all parties, and the Indians were again amusing 
themselves around the room, leaving the wig-wam and 
further conversations to Mr. Melody, the interpreter, and 
myself. Mr. Melody, though a stranger to me, bearing the 
high recommendations contained in the letter of the Secre- 
tary at War, already published, at once had my confidence 
(which I am pleased to say his conduct has kept up) as an 
excellent and honest man. 

Their interpreter, Jeffrey Doraway (a mulatto), and 
who had been one of the first to recognize and hail me 
when I entered their rooms, had been a '. old and attached 
acquaintance of mine while travelling in that country, and 
that acquaintance had several times been renewed in St. 
Louis, and New York, and other places where I had subse- 
quently met him. He had been raised from childhood in 
the tribe, and the chiefs and all the party were very much 
attached to him, and his interest seemed to be wholly identi- 
fied with that of the tribe. He was of a most forbearing 
and patient disposition, and of temperate habits, and as he 
was loved by the chiefs, had great influence with them, and 
control over the party. 

I related to Mr. Melody and Jeff'rey the difficulties that 
laid before us; the prejudices raisad in the public mind by 

* Some allowance will be made for tlic IVeedom with which the loways 
occasionally speak of their predecessors, the Ojibbeways, as these two tribes 
have lived in a state of constant warfare from time immemorial. 



If * 


the conduct of Mr. Rankin with his party of Ojibbeways, 
and the unfortunate season of the year at which they had 
arrived in London. That the middle of July was the very 
worst season in which to open an exhibition, and that it 
might be difficult to raise a second excitement sufficiently 
strong to pay the very heavy expenses we must incur; but 
that I had resolved to unite my whole efforts to theirs, to 
bring their party into notice ; which formed so much more 
complete and just a representation of the modes and ap- 
pearance of the wild Indians of America than the Ojibbe- 
ways had given. 

Finishing our conversation here, we found the Indians 
adjusting their plumes, and their robes, and their weapons, 
preparing to step into their " omnibus and four," to take 
their first rapid glance at the great City of London, in " a 
drive," which was to pass them through some of its princi])al 
thoroughfares for their amusement. At this moment of ex- 
citement it was suddenly announced that one of the party 
(and a very essential one), the " Doctor' (or medicine maii), was 
missing ! Search was everywhere making for him, and when 
it was quite certain that he could not have passed into the 
street, Jeffrey inquired of the curator of the Hall if there 
was any passage that led out upon the roof? to which the 
curator replied, " Ves." " Well then," said Jeffrey, " we may 
be sure that he is there, for it is ' a icay that he has ;' he 
always is uneasy until he gets as high as he can go, and then 
he will stay there all night if you will let him alone." I 
went immediately to the roof, and found him standing on 
one corner of the parapet, overlooking Piccadilly, — wrapped 
in his buffalo robe, and still as a statue, while thousands 
were assembling in the streets to look at him, and to warn 
him of the danger they supposed him in. 

The readers who have not had the pleasure of seeing this 
eccentric character, will scarcely be able to appreciate the 
oddity of this freak until they become better acquainted with 
the Doctor in the following pages. I invited him down from 
his elevated position, which he seemed reluctant to leave, and 







he joined his party, who passed into their carriage at the door. 
In this moment of conl'usion, of escaping from the crowd and 
closing the door, heads were counted, and the old Doctor 
was missing again. A moment's observation showed, how- 
ever, that his </.sff/«Zi//7 propensity had gained him a position 
over their heads, as he had seated himself by the side of 
the driver, with his buffalo robe wrapped around him, 
the long and glistening blade of his spear ])assing out from 
underneath it, near to h's left ear, and his vermilioned face 
surmounted by a huge pair of buffalo horns, rising out of 
a crest of eagle's quills and ermine skins. Thus loaded, 
and at the crack of the whip, and amidst the yelling mul- 
titude that had gathered around them, did the fourteen 
loways dash into the streets, to open their eyes to the sights 
and scenes of the great metropolis. 

An hour or so in the streets, in a pleasant day, enabled 
them to see a great deal that was unlike the green prairies 
where they lived ; and the " old Doctor," wrapped in his 
robe, and ogling the pretty girls, and everything else that 
he saw that was amusing as he passed along, raised a new 
excitement in the streets, and gave an extensive notifi- 
cation that " the wedding party had actually got back," 
or that another party of red skins had arrived. They re- 
turned to their lodgings in great glee, and amused us at 
least for an hour with their " first impressions" of London ; 
the leading, striking feature of which, and the one that 
seemed to afford them the greatest satisfaction, was the 
quantity of fresh meat that they saw in every street hanging 
up at the doors and windows — pigs, and calves, and sheep, 
and deer, and prairie hens, in such profusion that they thought 
" there would be little doubt of their getting as much fresh 
meat as they could eat." Besides this, they had seen many 
things that amused them, and others that excited their pity. 
They laughed much about the " black fellows with white eyes" 
who were carrying bags of coal, and " every one of them 
had got their hats on the wrong side before." They had 
seen many people who seemed to be very jxjor, and looked 




as if thi'v wore luniirry : for thi'v hoI<l out thrir liandH to 
])fi)]>li' |)as8ing by, as if i\\v\ wiTo asking; for sonu'thin^ to 
cat. " Tliry luul ])asstMl two Intlidiis, \\\i\\ brooms in tlu'ir 
hands, sw(H'])ini» the dirt in the strorts!" 

This oirurro-.u'c luid excited tlu'ir p;reafest anxieties to 
know " what Indians they couhl be, that wouhl be willing to 
take a brooni in their hands and sweep tlie dirt from un<U*r 
white men's feet, and then hohl out tlieir hanils to whito 
iieoplo for money to buy food to eat." They all ajjjreed *' that 
loirat/s would not do it, that Sioti.r would not, that l*<i\nu'es 
would not;" and when they were just deeiding that their 
enemies, the ()j{hhrw(iifs, tuiiiht be shnrs enough to do it, and 
that these were ])ossibly a ])art of the Ojibbeway ])arty that 
had been flourishing in London, 1 exjdained the mystery 
to them, by informing them that their eonjoetures were 
wrong — that it was true they were Indians, b\it not from 
North America. I agreed with them that no Norlh Ame- 
rican Indian would use that mode of getting his living, 
but that there were Indians in ditferent parts of the world, 
and that these were from the East Indies, a country many 
thousands of miles I'rom here ; that these j)eo])le were 
Indians frou) that country, and were of a tribe called 
iMScars; that many of them were employed by the ca])- 
tains of English ships to help to na"igafe their vesstds from 
that country to this; and that in London they often come 
to want, and are glad to sweep the streets and beg, as the 
Tucans of living, instead of starving to death. It seemed 
still a mystery to them, but partly solved, and they made 
many further remarks among themselves about them, 'i'he 
good landlady at this moment announced to Mr. Melody 
and Jeffrey that the dinner for the Indians was ready, and 
in a moment all were seated save the Doctor; he was 
missing. " That old fool," said Jeffrey, " there's no doubt 
but he has found his way to the top of the house." I was 
conducted by one of the servants through several unoccu- 
pied rooms and dark passages, and at last through a narrow 
and almost impassable labyrinth that brought me out upon 





i I 

tlio roof. 'Ilu' "Doctor" uiis then", and, wrn])|)0«l in liix 
Ixitralo rol)i', with liis rt-tl fact' au<l Iuh iMiii'ulo honiH, 
WHS stimdiu}.;; like a Ziiilaml i>riif/iiin, and Hinilinj; u|Min tin* 
crowds of pizi'rs who were p^alhcrin^ in th«' Htri'i'tH, and 
at th(> win(h)ws, and n|ion thr hoiiHc topH. in the vicinity. 

I'or the HfVt'ral <hiys snccrcdinjr tliis, whih* tht* Indians 
wvrc lyinpf still, and n'stinj; from thrir lon^ and tcdions 
voyago, and 1 was annonncinf; in the nsnal way their 
arrival, and tlu» time of the conjincnoiMncnt o*' tlu'ir ('xhi- 
bitions, I held nnuiy cnrious and aninsiiifr oonvi'rsationH 
with thrm ahout thinj^s tluy had alr(>ady stn-n, and Hccnt'S 
and cvtMits that were yi't in anticipation and lu'foro tlu-ni. 
'I'lu'st' are suhjccts, howrvrr, that ninst lie pasHcd over 
for I'vi'nts that wi-rr hi lore us, and fuller of intcrcBt and 

'I'hoy had much amuscmrnt at tiiis tinjc also, ahout a 
man they said they had seen, with a remarkahly hi^ nose, 
which thoysaid lookcnl like a larj^'t' potato (or MV//MY//^////m^f///), 
and one of the women sitting near tlii' door of the omnibus 
declared "that it was actually a inifisdin'tiiidJid/t, for sho 
could distinctly see the little holes where the 8])routs 
{rrow out." 'J'he bus, they said, had passed <m rather too 
«i[uick for all to have a fair look, but they believed they 
would at some future time meet hini again, and take a 
good look at him. 

The evening for their first appearance before the public 
having arrived, the loways were ])r(pared in all their rouge 
and fine dresses, and made their dehut before a fashionable, 
but not a crowded audience. Their very a])])earance, as 
they entered the room, was so wild and classic, that it 
called forth applause from every ])art of the hall. The 
audience was composed chiefly of my friends, and others 
who had been familiar with the other group, and who were 
able to decide as to the comparative interest of the two 
parties; and it was proclaimed in every part of the room, 
that they were altogether more primitive in their ap])ear- 
ance and modes, and decidedly a finer body of men. I had 






(ici'oinpanii'd them on to the ])hitfbrin, and when they htul 
pot Heated, and were lightin<^ their pipe, I introduced them 
by stutinuf, that in the exhibition of this party of IntUans, 
I felt satisfied that I was bringing; before the eyes of the 
audience the most just and com])lete illustration of the 
native looks and modes of the rod men of the American 
wilderness, that had ever been seen on this side of the 
Atlantic ; and that 1 shoidd take great pleasure in intro- 
ducing them and their modes, as they so satisfactorily 
illustrated and proved what 1 had been for several years 
labouring to show to English people, by my numerous 
])aintings and Indian manufactures whicli I had collected, 
as well as by my notes of travel amongst these people, which 
I had recently ])ul)lished: 

That the loinit/ was one of the remote tribes, yet adher- 
ing to all their native customs and native looks; and that 
this jjarty, composed, as it was, of the two principal men of 
the tribe, and several of its most distinguished warriors, not 
only conveyed to the oyes of ])Cople in this country the 
most accurate account of primitive modes, but was calcu- 
lated to excite the decj)est interest, and to claim the respect of 
the community. That the position of this tribe being upon 
the great plains between the Missouri and the Rocky 
Mountains, iOOO miles farther west than the country from 
which the Ojibbeways came, their modes and personal 
appearance were very different, having as yet received no 
changes from the ])roximity of civilization : 

That I had visited this tribe several years before, during 
my travels in the Indian countries, and that 1 had there 
formed my first ac([uaintance with the two chiefs who were 
now here, and which acquaintance, from the hospitable 
manner in which they had welcomed me in their humble 
wig-wams, I now felt great pleasure in renewing : (" HcaVf 
hear,^' and applause.) 

That these facts being known, with others which would 
be incidentally given, I felt fully assured that they would 
meet with a kind reception in this country, and that the 






iiiuliciuc wci'f |)n']iart'(l lor the iiitroilurlion I was now to 
iniiko of tlu'in and tlu-ir modes.* (drnif ti/ipioiisc.) 

I then |>ointc'd out and explained to the audience, the 
characteristic dilFerences between tlie appearance and niodes 
of this ])arty and the Ojibbeways, 'vlioni thi'y luul seen, and 
which will be obvious to the reader in the annexed illustra- 
tion {l*l(itc No. *.)). The loways, like three other tribes 
only, in North America, all adhere to their natitmal mode 
of shaving and ornamenting their heads. This is a very 
curious mode, and ])resents an ap]iearance at once that dis- 
tinguishes them from the Ojibbeways and other tribes, who 
cultivate the hair to the greatest length they ])ossibly can, 
and ])ride themselves on its jet and glossy black. Every 
man in the loway tribe adheres to the mode of cutting all 
the hair as close as he can, exce])ting a small tuft which is 
left u])on the crown, and being that ])art which the enemy 
takes for the scalp, is very projjerly denouiinated the ".sra/p- 
/ocA." He then rouges with vermilion the whole crown of 
his head (and oftentimes his whole face), and surmounts 
his scalp-lock by a beautiful crest, made of the hair of the 
deer's tail, dyed of vermilion red. 

The chief man of this party, the " White Cloud,^^ the son 
of a distinguished chief of the same name^ who died a few 

* Names of the Indians. 

1. Mew-hew-slic-kaw (the white cloud), first chief of the nation. 

2. Ncu-nion-ya (the walking rain), war-chief. 

3. Se-non-ti-yali (the blistorod feet), the medicine man (or Doctor). 

4. Wash-ka-mon-ya (the fast dancer). 
6. Shon-ta-yi-ga (the little wolf). 

6. No-ho-niun-ya (one who gives no attention), or Roman Nose. 

7. Wa-ton-ye (the foremost man). 

8. Wa-ta-we-buck-a-na (commanding general). 


9. Ru-ton-ye-wcc-ma (strutting pigeon), wife of White Cloud. 

10. Ru-ton-wee-me (pigeon on the wing). 

11. O-kee-wee-me (female bear that walks on the back of another). 

12. Koon-za-ya-me (female war-eagie sailing). 

13. Ta-pa-ta-nie (wisdom), girl. 

14. Corsair (pap-poosc). 

;-7 - Tr^ 



years since, was 35 years of age, and hereditary chief of the 
tribe. By several humane and noble acts, after he received 
his office of chief, he gained the admiration and friendship 
of the officers of the United States Government, as well asr 
of his tribe, and had therefore been countenanced by the 
Government (as has been shown) in the enterprise of going 

Neu-mon-ya (the Walking Rain), and war-chief of the 
tribe, was 54 years of age, and nearly six feet and a half in 
height. A noble specimen of the manly grace and dignity 
that belong to the American wilderness, and also a man 
who had distinguished himself in the wars that he had led 
a/gainst his enemies. 

Se-non-ti-yah (the Blistered Feet), the Medicine or 
Mystery Man^ was a highly important personage of the 
party, and held a high and enviable position, as physician, 
soothsayer, and magician, in his tribe. 

1 hese personages are found in every tribe, and so much 
control have they over the superstitious minds of their 
people, '-hat their influence and power in the tribe often 
transcend those of the chief. In all councils of war and 
peace they have a seat by the chiefs, and are as regularly 
consulted by the chiefs, as soothsayers were cor suited in 
ancient days, and equal deference and respect is paid to 
their advice or opinions, rendering them oracles of the tribe 
in which they live. 

A good illustration of this was given by this magician, 
while on their voyage to this country, a few weeks since, 
when near the land, off the English coast. The packet ship 
in which the Indians were passengers, was becalmed for 
several days, much to the annoyance of the Indians and 
numerous other passengers, when it was decided, by the 
indian chief, that they must call upon the Medicine Man, to 
try the efficacy of his magical powers in the endeavour to 
raise a wind. For this purpose he very gradually went to 
work, with all due ceremony, according to the modes of the 
country, and after the usual ceremony of a mystery feast, 

l\ asr 

ilf in 


ne or 
3f the 

3 much 
f their 
B often 
ar and 
ted in 
paid to 
he tribe 

s since, 
ket ship 
mcd for 
ans and 
by the 
Man, to 
avour to 
went to 
Ics of the 


---:^^ C^ -.■ 

1 4- -.^^ r'^',> ^V\> 



;:■■ i \ 







and various invocations to the spirit of the wind and the 
ocean, both were conciliated by the sacrifice of many plugs 
of tobacco thrown into the sea ; and in a little time the wind 
began to blow, the sails were filled, and the vessel soon 
wafted into port, to the amusement of the passengers, and 
much to the gratification of the Indians, who all believed, 
and ever will, that the vessel was set in motion by the 
potency of the Doctor's mysterious and supernatural powers. 
Of the Warriors, Slion-ta-yi-ga (the Little Wolf) and 
No-ho-mun-ya (called the "Roman Nose") were the most 
distinguished, and I believe the world will agree with me, 
that it would be an act of injustice on my part, should I 
allow the poor fellows to carry through this country, with- 
out giving them publication, the subjoined documents,* by 

* Know all men bt these presents, That Shon-ta-yi-ga or the Little 
Wolf, an loway brave, is well entitled to be called a brave, from the fact of 
his having been engaged in many expeditions against the enemies of his 
tribe: in all such excursions he has, lam informed, universally behaved 
bravely. But especially is he entitled to the love and confidence of all men, 
whether white or red, on account of his humanity and daring conduct in ar- 
resting from the cruel nation of which he is a member, a party of Omahaws. 
On last Sabbath day he saved from the tomahawk and scalping-knife ten 
unoffending Omahaws : one of the i)arty was decoyed out of sight and mur- 
dered ; the other ten consisting of the well-known and much-loved chiefs 
Big Elk, Big Eyes, and Washkamonia, one squaw and six young men. This 
party was on a visit of friendship, by special invitation from the loways. 
When they arrived within ten miles of this post, they were seen and con- 
versed with by the son in law of Neu-mon-ya, a chief of the loways, who 
undertook to bring the tobacco and sticks to the loway chiefs, as is a custom 
of Indians when on a begging expedition. This young man proved trea- 
cherous, and failed to deliver his message to his chiefs, and gave informa- 
tion of the approach of the Omahaws to a man who was preparing to go on 
a war party. He and two- thirds of the nation started out to nmrder their 
visitors, and were only prevented by the timely assistance and interference 
of the Little Wolf, or Shon-ta-yi ga, and one other loway, whose name is 
the Roman Nose. 

This man (the Little Wolf) interfered, as he says, and doubtless he tells 
the truth, because he considered it treacherous and cowardly to strike a 
brother, after having invited them to visit their nation. Such treachery is 
rare indeed among the wildest North-American Indians, and never oc- 
curred with the loways before. I met him and Jeffrey, the loway inter- 




which it will be seen that they saved, in a humane manner, 
and worthy of warriors of better caste, the lives of ten 
unarmed and unoflfending enemies. 

preter, together with two other loways, guarding the Big Elk and his party 
on to my agency, in a short time after this occurrence took place. 

I cannot close this communication without expressing my sincere thanks 
to the Little Wolf and his comrade for their good conduct ; and I most 
respectfully beg leave to recmnmcnd them to the kind attention of their 
great father, the President of the United States, and all gentlemen to 
whom this paper may be shown. 

W. P. Richardson. 

Great Nemahaw Sub- Agency, Oct. 23, 1843. 

Sib, GJJtce of Indian Affairs, St. Louis, Missouri, April 10, 1844. 

Permit me to introduce to you the bearer, No-ho-mun-ya (Roman 
Nose), an loway brave. Roman Nose, in company with Shon-ta-yi-ga, or 
Little Wolf, in October last defended and rescued from impending death by 
a party of his own nation, ten Omahavv Indians, consisting of four resi)ected 
cliiefs, braves, and squaws, under circumstances highly flattering to their 
bravery and humanity. 

I would recommenrl that a medal bo presented to No-ho-mun-ya (Ro- 
man Nose) as a testimonial of his meritorious conduct on tht occasion re- 
ferred to. Medals from the (iovernnunt arc highly esteemed by the Lidians ; 
and if bravery and humanity are merits in the Indian, then I think Roman 
Nose richly merits one. His character in every respect is good. 

A notice by the Goverrunent of meritorious acts by the Indians has a 
happy tendency in making a favourable impression in reference to the act 
that may be the cause of the notice. 

I have presented Little Wolf with a medal that was in the office. On 
receiving it, he very delicately replied, that " he deserved no credit for 
what he had done — that he had only done his duty, but was gratified that 
his conduct had merited the approbation of his nation and his father." 
I have the honour to be, very respectfully, Sir, 
Your obedient servant, 

W. H. Habvky, Sup. Ind. Ar7. 
To his Excellency John Tyler, President of the 
United States, Washington City. 

I concur with Mr. Harvey in thinking this Indian Chief entitled for 
his bravery and humanity to a medal. 

June 8, 1844. J. Tyler, Presid. U. States, Washington City. 

Medal delivered accordingly to Mr. Geo. II. C. Melody, for the Chief. 
June 8, 1844. J. Crawforu. 



(f ten 

is party 

B thanks 
d 1 most 
of their 
cmcn to 


[), 1844. 
I (Roman 
i-yi-ga, or 
r death by 
T to their 

n-ya (Ro- 
[ccasion re- 
Indians ; 
ink Roman 

ians has a 
to the act 

office. On 
credit for 
atified that 

Ind. Air. 

entitled for 
rton City, 
r the Chief. 


Okeewee-me (the wife of the Little Wolf) is the mother 
of the infant pap])oose, called Corsair. This child is 
little more than three months old, and slung in the cradle 
on the mother's back, according to the general custom 
practised by all the American tribes, and furnishes one of 
the most interesting illustrations in the group. 

All tribes in America ])ractisc the same mode of carrying 
their infant children for several months from their birth upon 
a flat board resting upon the mother's back, as she walks or 
rides, suspended by a broad strap ])assingover her forehead, or 
across her breast. By this mode of carrying their childn n, 
the mothers, who have to perform all the slavish duties of 
the camp, having the free use of their hands and arms, are 
enabled to work most of the time, and, in fact, exercise and 
labour nearly as well as if their children were not attached 
to their persons. These cradles are often, as in the present 
instance, most elaborately embroidered with porcupine 
quills, and loaded with little trinkets hanging within the 
child's reach, that it may amuse itself with them as it rides, 
with its face looking /wm that of its mother, while she is at 
work, so as not to draw upon her valuable time. 

This rigid, and seemingly cruel mode of binding the 
child with its back to a straight board, seems to be one 
peculiarly adapted to Indian life, and, I believe, promotes 
straight limbs, sound lungs, and long life. 

I having thus introduced the party to their first audience 
in England, and left other remarks upon them for their 
proper place, the Indians laid by their pipe, and commenced 
their evening's amusements by giving first their favourite, 
the Eagle-Dance. The Drum (and their " Eagle- Whistles," 
with which they imitate the chattering of the soaring eagle), 
with their voices, formed the music for this truly pic- 
turesque and exciting dance. At their first pause in the 
dance, the audience, who had witnessed nothing of this de- 
scription in the amusements of the Ojibbeways, being ex- 
cited to the highest degree, encouraged the strangers with 
rounds of applause. The song in this dance is addressed to 

VOL. II. c 

I (•!)",- 



tlieir favourite bird the war-eagle, and each dancer carries 
a fiin made of the eagle's tail, in his left hand, as he dances, 
and by his attitudes endeavours to imitate the motions of 
the soaring eagle. This, being a part of the war-dance, is a 
boastinff dance ; and at the end of each strain in the nong 
some one of the warriors steps forth and, in an excited 
speech, describes the time and the manner in which he has 
slain his enemy in battle, or captured his horses, or performed 
some other achievement in war. After this the dance pro- 
ceeds with increased spirit ; and several in succession having 
thus excited their fellow-dancers, an indescribable thrill and 
effect are often produced before they get through. 

In the midst of the noise and excitement of this 
dance the Doctor (or mj/stcry-man) jumped forward to the 
edge of the ])latform, and making the most tremendous 
flourish of his spear which he held in his right hand, and 
his shield extended upon his Urt arm, recited the military 
deeds of his life — how he had slain his enemies in battle and 
taken their scal})s; and with singular effect fitting the 
action to the word, acting them out as he described. 

The thrilling effect produced by the Doctor's boast brought 

him showers of applause, which touched his vanity, and at 

the close of the dance ho imagined all eyes in admiration 

fixed upon him, and no doubt felt himself called upon for 

the following brief but significant speech which he delivered, 

waving his right hand over the heads of the audience from 

the front of the platform where he stood, and from which he 

dropped his most humble and obsequious smiles upon the 

groups of ladies who were near him, and applauding at the 

end of every sentence : — 

"My Friends,— It makes me very happy to see so many smiling faces 
about me, for when people smile and laugh, I know they arc not angry — " 

Jeffrey, the Interpreter, now made his debut ; the Doctor 
had beckoned him up by his side to interpret his speech to 
the audience, and when he explained the above sentence, 
the "Doctor" received a round of applause, and parti- 
cularly from the ladies, who could not but be pleased 





:ions of 
ice, is a 
he nong 

I he has 
nee pro- 

II having 
thrill and 

of this 
rd to the 
hand, and 
e military 
battle and 
itting the 


.st brought 

ty, and at 
d upon for 
licnce from 
[n which he 
s upon the 
ding at the 

smiling faces 
not angry—" 

I the Doctor 
ts speech to 
}c sentence, 
and parti- 
be pleased 

with the simple vanity of the speaker and the sclf-com- 
j)laccnt smiles which he always lavished u])on the fair sex 
who were around him. 'J'he Doctor, though advanced to 
the sound and efficient age of 4.'), had never taken to him a 
wife ; and, like too many of his fraternity, had always lived 
upon the excessive vanity of believing that he was the 
heau ideal of his tribe, and i dmired too much by all to be a 
legitimate subject of exclusive appropriation to any par- 
ticular one. And more than this (which may not have 
quite fallen to the happy lot of any of his brother bachelors 
in the polished world), from the sort of duiritahlc habit he 
had of spreading his glowing smiles upon the crowds about 
him, one would almost be of opinion tha. in his own com- 
munity, under the aids and charms of his profession, he in a 
measure had existed upon the belief that his smiles were 
food and clothing for the crowds upon whom they were 

The Doctor yet stood, the concentration of smiles and 
anxious looks from every part of the room, and at length 
proceeded {Plate No. 1 0) : — 

*' My Friends, — I see the ladies arc pleased, and this pleases me — be- 
cause I know, that if they arc i)lcased, tiicy will please the men." 

It was quite impossible for the Doctor to proceed further 
until he had bowed to the burst of laughter and applause 
from all parts of the room, and particularly from the ladies. 
This several times ceased, but suddenly burst out again, 
and too quick for him to resume. He had evidently made 
a "hit" with the ladies, and he was braced strong in 
courage to mal'c the best use of it, although the rest of his 
comrades, who were seated and passing the pipe around, 
were laughing at him and endeavouring to embarrass him. 
One of the party, by the name of Wash-ka-mon-ya, and a good 
deal of the braggart^ had the cruelty to say to him, " You 
old fool, you had better sit down, the white squaws are all 
laughing at you." To which the Doctor, deliberately turning 
round, sarcastically replied, "You badger, go into your 
burrow backwards : I have said more in two sentences than 





you ever said in your life." lie then turned round, and 
calling Jeffrey nearer to his side, proceeded — 

" My Friends," — [hero wus a burst of irrosistibU^ luiighter from the 
ludics, which the drolhioss of his exjjression und his figure excited «*. the 
moment, and in which, having met it uil in good lumunir, he wum taking u 
part, but continued] — 

" Rly Friends, — I believe tliat our dance was pleasing to you, and that 
our noise has not given you offeru'c. (Applause.) 

*' My Friends, — We live a great way from here, and we have come over 
a great salt laltc to see you, and to offer you our hands. Tiie (Ireat Spirit 
has been kiiul to us; we know that our lives are always in his hands, and 
wc thank him for keeping us safe. (How, how, how! from the Indians, 
and applause, with Hear, hear, hear!) 

" My Frieiuls, — We have nietour frien.l Chip-pe-hola here, and seen the 
medicine things that he has done, and which are hanging all around us, 
and this makes us happy. We have found our chiefs' faees on the walls, 
which the (Jreat Spirit has allowed him to bring over safe, and wc are 
thankfid for this. {How, hotv, how!) 

" My Friends, — This is a large village, and it has many fine wig-wams ; we 
rode in a large carriage the other day arul saw it all. (A lauijh, and Hear ! ) 
We had heard a great deal about the people on this side of the water, but 
wc did not think they were so rich ; we believe that the Saganoshes know 
a great deal. (How, how, how ! ) 

" My Friends, — W^e have come on your great medicine road, and it 
pleased us very much. When we landed from our ship, wc came on your 
medicine road, and were told it would be very fine ; but when we started, 
we were all very much alarmed ; we went in the dark ; we all went right 
down into the ground, under a high mountain ; wc had heard that a part of 
the white people go into the ground when they die, and some of them into 
the fire ; we saw some fire ; there was a great hissing, and a great deal of 
smoke coniing out of this place,* and wc could not get out ; we were then 
3omewhat afraid, my friends and I began to sing our '■death-song;' but 
when we had commenced, our hearts were full of joy, we came out again in 
the open air, and the country was very beautiful around us. (How, how, 
how! and great applause.) 

" My Friends, — After we got out from under the ground, we were much 
pleased all the way on the medicine road until we got to this village. There 
were many things to please us, and I think that before the trees were cut 
down, it was a very beautiful country. My frien<ls, we think there were 
Indians and buffalos in this country then. (How, how, how!) 

*' My Friends, — W^e think we saw some of thc'k'nick k'neck f as we came 

* The railway tunnel at Liverpool. 

t The red willow, from the inner bark of which the Indians make their 
substitute for tobacco. 


we came 


' ,;i 

ill ■ 


4 ' 

, ^ 

kMi-- ; 
















alonp the medicine road, an<l some qunsh-e-ffcneh-co* hut wc cnmo so fast 
tliut wc were not cortuin ; wc should like to know. My Friends, this is all 
I have to say." {How, /luw, how! and great upplaiisc.) 

The Doctor's speech, which would have been terminated 
much sooner if he had been allowed to proceed unmo- 
lested, had a very pleasing effect upon the audience, and 
had allowed abundant time for the rest of the party to 
prepare for the next dance. 

I now announced to the audience that the Indians were 
about to give the Warrior s-dance, as performed by their 
tribe. I explained the meaning of it, the circumstances 
under which it was given, and the res])ects in which it 
differed from the War-dance as given by the Ojibbeways. 
After which they were all upon their (eet, and, with weapons 
in hand, proceeded to give it the most exciting, and even 
alarming effect. 

They received great applause at the end of this dance, 
and also a number of presents, which were handed and 
thrown on to the platform. This created much excitement 
and good cheer among them, and I was not a litt^ j sur- 
prised, nor was I less amused and gratified, to discover at 
this moment, that the (so-called) ''^ jolly fat dame'' of Ojib- 
beway notoriety, was along side of the platform, at her old 
stand, and, in her wonted liberality, the first one to start 
the fashion of making the poor fellows occasional presents. 
I regretted, however, that I should have been the ignorant 
cause of her bestowing her first present uj)on a person for 
whom she did not intend it. The finest-looking man of the 
party, and one of the youngest, was No-ho-mun-ya (the 
Roman-nose), upon whom it seems this good lady's admira- 
tion liad been fixed during the evening, notwithstanding the 
smiles that had been lavished by the Doctor, and the elo- 
quence which he had poured forth in his boastings and 

The elegant limbs, Herculean frame, and graceful and 

* A medicinal herb, the roots of which the Indians use as a cathartic 





\i I 

t(Tril)le movouu'nts of this six foot and a-half youngf 
man, as she had (razed upon him in this last dance, had 
softened her heart into all its former kindness and liberality, 
and she had at this moment, when 1 first discovered her, 
unclasped a beautiful bracelet from one of her arms, and 
was just reaching over the ])latform to say to mc as she 
did, "Wonderful ! wonderful ! Mr. Catlin ; I tliink it one of 
the w(mderg of the world ! Will you hand this to that 
sj)lendid fellow, with my compliments— give him my com- 
pliments, will you — it 's a bracelet for his arm (Cadottc 
has got the other, you know). Oh! but he is a splendid 
fellow — give him my compliments, will you. I think them 
a much finer party than the other — oh, far superior ! I 
never saw the like ; hand it to him, will you, and if he can't 
put it on, poor fellow, I will show him how." 

All this had been run over so rapidly that I scarcely 
could recollect what she said, for several were speaking to 
me at the same time ; and at that unfortunate moment it 
was that I committed the error, for which I was almost 
ready to break my own back when I found it out. I pre- 
sented it by mistake to the Doctor, who, I supposed, had of 
course been winning all the laurels of the evening, and with 
them the good lady's compliments, which it would have been 
quite awkward on her part and mine a- ;o to have wnpre- 
sented. The Doctor raised up the bracelet as high as he 
could reach, and made the house ring and almost tremble 
with the war-whoop, which he several times repeated.* 
What could be done ? She was too gallant, and I did not 
yet know the mistake. The Doctor happened to know how 
to put it on — it fitted to his copper-coloured arm above his 
elbow — and his true politeness led him to bow and to smile 

* The frightful war-whoop is sounded at the instant when Indians 
arc rushing into battle, as the signal of attack. It is a shrill sounded note, 
on a high key, given out with a gradual swell, and shaken by a rapid 
vibration of the four fingers of the right hand over the mouth. This note 
is not allowed to be given in the Indian countries unless in battle, or in 
the war or other dances, where they are privileged to give it. 



n thoiisiind thanks upon the fair danu' as he bent over hor 
from the ])latfonn. 

The A/ii>r<)or/ii)if/-(f)nirr* was now fi;iven, in which the 
Doctor took the U'ad in fj^rcat ^lee, and of course with ^reat 
ctTcct. lit' tiltod olFwith a lifi;ht and ehistie step, as ho was 
" following; thi' track of his enemy," and when he raised his 
brawny arm to beckon on his warriors to tlie attack, he took 
great pains to display the jrlistenin^ trinket which he had 
accepted with such heartfelt satisfaction. 

This dance finislietl, ihey all sat down upon the ])latform 
and passed the pi])e around, whilst I was further explaininj^ 
u])on tiieir ap])earancc and modes, and the dance which 
they had just given. F asked them what amusement they 
proposed next, and they announced to me, that as the 
Doctor was taking all the honours and all tht^ gh>i'y to him- 
self on that night (and of whom they all seemed extremely 
jealous), they had decided that he should finish the amuse- 
ments of the evening by singing the " l/W/'-w;/^." He was 
so conscious of having engrossed the ])rincij)al attention of 
the house that he at once eom])licd with their request, 
though at other times it required a great effort to get him 
to sing it. I had not myself heard this song, which seemed, 
from their preparations, to ])romise some amusement, and 

* The Approaching Dance \s a spirited purt of the War Dance, in 
which the dancers are by tiieir gestures exliibiting the mode ol" advancing 
upon an enemy, hy hunting out and following up the track, discovering the 
enemy, and preparing for the attack, &c., and the song tor this dance runs 
thus : — 

O-tu-pa ! 

I am creeping on your track. 

Keep on your guard, (^-ta- pa ! 

Or I will hop on your back, 

1 will hop on you, I will hop on you. 

Stand back, my friends, I see them ; 
The enemies are here, I see them ! 
They are in a good place. 
Don't move, I see them ! 
&c. &c. &c. 







ri t. 


which Jeffrey told me belonged exclusively to the Doctor, 
he having composed it. The Doctor was ready to commence, 
and wrapping his robe around him, having his right arm 
out, he shook a rattle (she-she-quoin) in his right hand, as 
he tilted about the platform, singing alone; at the end 
of a sentence he commenced to bark and hcwl like a wolf, 
when another jumped vipon his feet and ran to him, and 
another, and another, and joined in the chorus, with their 
heads turned up like wolves when they are howling. He 
then sang another strain as he moved about the platform 
again, all following him, singing, and ready to join in 
the deafenmg chorus. This strange and comic song drew 
roars of laughter, and many rounds of applause for the 
Doctor, and left him, sure enough, the lion of the evening.* 
After he had finished his song, he traversed the platform 

* Wolf Soj:g. — This amusing song, which I have since learned more 
of, and which I believe to be peculiar to theloways, seems to come strictly 
under the province of the medicine or mystery man. I will venture to say, 
that this ingenious adajjtation will excite a smile, if not some degree of real 
amusement, as well as applause, whenever it is fairly heard and understood 
by an English audience. The occasion that calls for this song in the loway 
country is, when a party of young men who are preparing to start on a 
war excursion against their enemy (after having fatigued the whole village 
for several days with the war dance, making their boasts how they are going 
to slay their enemies, &c.) have retired to rest, at a late hour in the night, 
to start the next morning, at break of day, on their intended expedition. 
In the dead of that night, and after the vaunting war party have got into 
a sound sleep, the serenading party, to sing this song, made up of a number 
of young fellows who care at that time much less about taking scalps than 
Ihey do for a little good fun, appear back of the wig-wams of these *' men 
of war " and commence serenading them with this curious song, which they 
have ingeniously taken from the howling of a gang of wolves, and so admi- 
rably adapted it to music as to form it into a most amusing duet, quartet, 
or whatever it may be better termed ; and with this song, with its barking 
and howling chorus, they are sure to annoy the party until they get up, 
light the fire, get out their tobacco, and other little luxuries they may have 
prepared for their excursion, which they will smoke and partake with them 
until daylight, if they last so long, when they will take leave of their morn- 
ing' friends who are for the " death," thanking them for their liberality aad 
kindness in starting, wishing them a good night's sleep (when night comes 
again) and a successful campaign against their enemies. 



a few times, lavishing his self-complacent smiles upon the 
ladies around the room, and then desired me to say to the 
audience, that on the next evening they were going to give 
the Pipe of Peace dance, and the Scalp-dance, which he 
wished all the ladies to see, and that noic the chiefs and 
himself were ready to shake hands with all the people in the 

This of course brought a rush of visitors to the platform., 
anxious to welcome the new comers by giving them their 
hands, A general shake of the hands took place, and a 
conversation that occupied half an hour or more, and much 
to the satisfaction of the Indians as well as to those who 
came to see them. 

Much curiosity was kept up yet about the Doctor. The 
impression that his countenance and his wit had made upon 
the women had secured a knot of them about him, from 
whom it was difficult to disengage him : some complained 
that they were sick, and desired him to feel their pulse ; he 
did so, and being asked as to the nature of their disease, he 
replied that " they were in love," — and as to the remedy, 
he said, " Get husbands, and in a day and a night you will 
be well." All this they could have got from other quarters, 
but coming from an Indian, whose naked shoulders were 
glistening around the room, it seemed to come with the 
freshness and zest of something entirely new, and created 
much merriment. 

The amusements of their first night being over, the 
Indians were withdrawn from the room, and the audience 
soon dispersed. Daniel, as usual, had been at his post, and 
his report of a few moments' chat with the "jolly fat dame " 
gave me the first intelligence of the awful error I had com- 
mitted in giving her bracelet to the Doctor instead of the 
Romau-nosc, for whom she had intended it. She had said to 
him, however, that " it was no matter, and the error must not 
be corrected ; she would bring one on the following evening for 
the Roman-nose, and begged that the Doctor might never be 
apprised of the mistake which had resulted to his benefit." 




They are a splendid set of men, Daniel — far superior 
to the others. It is tl^e greatest treat I ever had — I 
shall be here every night. You '11 think by and by 
that I am a pretty good customer; ha, Daniel? That 
Roman-nose is a magnificent fellow — he 's got no wife, has 
he, Daniel? " " No, Madam, he is the youngest man of the 
party." " He is an elegant fellow — but then his skin, 
Daniel. Their skins are not so fine as the others — they are 
too black, or red, or what you call it ; but Cadotte ! what 
a beautiful colour he was, ha? But I dare say a little 
vmshing and living in a city would bring them nearly white ? 
These people love Mr. Catlin— he's a curious man — 
he 's a wonderful man ; these are his old acquaintance, he 
has boarded with them ; how they love him, don't they ? 
Ah, well, good night, good night." She was the last of 
the visitors going out of the door, and did not know that I 
was so close behind her. 

li ■■■-):• i 

( 27 ) 


Character of thf Doctor (mystery or medicine man) — An omnibus drive — 
The Doctor's admiration of the " jolly fat dame" — Jealousy — War-dress 
and war-paint of the Roman-nose — His appearance — He leads the War- 
dance — The Welcome-dance, and Bear-dance — Description of — Pipe-of- 
pcace (or Calumet) dance, and Scalp- dance — Chip-pe-ho-la (the 
Author) — Speech of the War-chief — The " jolly fat dame " — She pre- 
sents a gold bracelet to Roman-nose — Jealousy and distress of the 
Doctor — She converses with Daniel — Two reverend gentlemen converse 
with the Indians about religion — Reply of White-cloud and War-chief 
— Questions by the reverend gentlemen — Answers by the War-chief — 
Indians invited to breakfast with Mr. Disraeli, M.P., Park Lane — 
Indians' toilette and dress — The Doctor and Jim (Wash-ka-mon-ya) 
fasting for the occasion. 

On paying a visit to the lodgings of the Indians, after they 
had returned from the exhibition, I found them in a merry 
mood, cracking their jokes upon the Doctor, who had put 
hi. self forward in so conspicuous a manner, to the great 
amusement of the ladies. During the exhibition, it would 
hfive appeared, from his looks and his actions, that he was 
to be perfectly happy for a twelvemonth at least; but he 
now appeared sad and dejected as he listened lo their jokes, 
ard turned his splendid bracelet around with his fingers. 
Several of the women had received brooches and other 
trinkets of value, and all had been highly pleased. 

It seemed that the War-chief was looked upon by the 
rest of the party as their orator; and, on an occasion 
like that which had just passed by, it was usual, and 
was expected, that he would have arisen and made a 
speech; and it was as little expected that the Doctor, 
who, they said, was a very diffident and backward man on 
such occasions, should have had so much, or anything to say. 
But the Doctor was a man of talent and wit, and with an 

■' I'a 





exorbitant sliaro of vanity and sclf'-concoit, which wcro o\- 
oitod to that (K'f»;rot> by tho ivrctustibU* sniihs of the laiUos, 
that ho was norvi'd with courap^o and ain])ition to act the 
])art that lie did throua^h th»^ ovcnini;. Under the mo- 
mentary excitement of his feeUnfj^s. he had, to be sure, but 
innocently, sfe])|)ed a littU* out of his s])here, !»nd in the way 
of the chiefs, which had somewhat annoyed them at the 
time, but of wliich they were now rather makinji; merry than 
otherwise. The nt)ctor was a good-natured and harndess 
uuin, and entirely the creature of im])ulse. He was always 
polite, though not always in {»;ood humour. Th • two leading 
traits in his character, (me or the other of which was always 
conspicuous, were extreme buoyancy of spirits and good 
humour, when he smiled upon everybody and everyt'iing 
around him, or silent dejection, which bade defiance to every 
social effort. In either of these moods he had the pecu- 
liarities of being entirely harmless, and of remaining in 
them but a very short time ; and /idiircn these moods, he 
was 'ike a ,y)in'( iar/, exceedingly diflicult to hold at a 
ba' ace. 

The jokes that had been concentrated on the Doctor had 
been rather pleasant and amusing thin otherwise, though 
there had been so many of them from the chiefs, from the 
warriors, from the squaws, and also from Mr. Melody, 
and .leffrey and Daniel, all of whom were laughing at his 
expense, that 1 found him, and left him, sitting in one corner 
of the room, with his robe wra])ped around him, in stoic 
silence, occasionally casting his eyes on his gold bracelet, 
and then u]Hm the smoking beef-steaks and coffee which were 
on the table for their su])pers, and of which he partook not. 

Whilst the rest were at the table, he silently s])read his 
robe upon the floor, and wrajJjHd himself in it. In the 
morning he washed, as usual, at the dawning of day, spent 
an hour or so in solitary meditation on the roof of the 
house, and afterwards joined with a ])lcasant face at the 
breakfast table, and through the amusements of the day 
and evening. 



T'' Ml 

\n\c corner 



Mr. Melody hiul. with iny cordial ;i|)])rol).'ition. cm ployed 
an omnibus with four horses, to drive them an hour ejieh 
day for the henelit of their health ; and, at the same time, 
to arouse and instruct them, by showinj^ them everythini^ 
that they could sco in the civilized world to their advantage. 
'I'he Doctor joined, in good spirits, in the "drive;" of that 
(hiy ; and, as on the day befor*', was wrapjied in his hutlalo, 
an<l seated by the side of the driver, with the jiolished blade 
of his lance glistening above his head, as many F<ondoners 
who read this v.ill foi. ibly recollect. 

From their drive, in which they had seen many strange 
things, they returned in good spirits, and received in their 
chambers a ])rivate ]wirty of ladies and gentlemen, my 
esteemed friends, and several editors of the lejiding journals 
of Ii(mdon. A h)ng and very interesting conversation was 
held with them on subjects, and the clear and argu- 
mentative manner in which their replies were made, and the 
truly striking and ])rimitive modes in which they were found, 
at once engaged the ])rofound attention of all, and procured 
f(,r them, besides some handsome ])resents at the time, the 
strongest recommendations from the editors of the press, jis 
subjects of far greater interest than the party of Ojibbeways, 
whom they had before seen. Atnemgst these visiters they 
recognized with great ])leasure, and shook hands with, my 
kind friend Dr. Thomas Hodgkin, at whose hospitable 
board they had, a few days before, with the author, par- 
taken of an excellent dinner ])re])ared for them. This was 
the first gi'utleman's table they were invited to in the king- 
dom, and ])robably the first ])lace where they ever tried the 
use of the knife and fork in the English style. 

Dr. Hodgkin being of the Society of Friends, they re- 
ceived much kind and friendly advice from him, which they 
never forgot ; and from the unusual shape of his dress, they 
called him afterwards (not being able to recollect his name) 
Tvhona-tiiap-jui (the straight coat). 

At night they were in the IT all again, and around them, 
amidst a greatly increased audience, had the pleasure of 


%k III 






bohoUliiig iioaily all the faces iltey had seen the nif»;ht he- 
fore ; and the Doctor, in |)articular, of seeing the smiling 
hulios wiunn he had invited to see the sra/p-(/aii''e and the 
.sf\j/;M', and, to his more identical satisfaction, of heliolding, 
at the end of the ])latforin where he had taken ]»ainH to 
spread his rohe and seat himself, the fair dame of (fushiiiif 
charms, to whom he was occasionally gently turning his 
head on cme side and smiling, as he ])resented to her view 
his co|)])er-colonred arm, encompassed with the golden 

This kind lady's goodness was such that she couhl not but 
res])ond to the bows and the smiles of the Doctor, though 
(witliin herself) she felt a little annoyed at the jiosition 
which he had taken, so immediately between her ])Iaoc, 
which the crowd j)revented her from changing, and^that of the 
s])lendid '•'■Roman Nost\" wIk. was now miuh moro an object 
of admiration than he had been the night before, and more 
perem])torily called for all her attention. He had been 
selected to lead in ihe scalp-da m-c which was to be given that 
night ; and for this ])ur])oae, in ])i'.rsuance of the custom of 
the country, he had left off his shirt and all his dress save 
his beautifully garnished leggings and mocassins, and his 
many-coloured sash and kilt of eagle's quills and ermine 
around his waist. His head was vermilioned red, and 
dressed w ith his helmet-like red crest, and surmounted with 
a white and a red eagle's quill, d.Mioting his readiness for 
peace or for war. His shoulders and his arms were curi- 
ously streaked with red paint, and on his right and his left 
breast were the im])rcsses, \v black ])aint, of two hands, de- 
noting the two victims he had struck, and whose scalps he 
then held attached to his ])ainted tomahawk, which he was 
to wield in triumj)h as he had in the scalp-dance. Thus 
arrayed and ornamented, he appeared in his " war dress," 
as it is termed; and as he arose from his seat u|)on the 
])latform, and drew his painted shield and quiver from his 
back, shouts of applause rung from every part of the hall, 
and, of course, trepidation increased in the veins of the fair 





(lame, whoHO clliows were rcsiiii}^ uu tlu* vd^rv of tlu* )»l!ii- 
form, while hIu« was in raptiim frazinfr upon him, and hut 
partly conceal iiifr at times a heautit'ul trinket, the Hparklinjr 
of which the sharp eyes of tlie Doctor had seen, us she 
endeavoured to conceal it in her rif^ht hand. 

The Doctor couhl not speak to this fair lady except with 
his eyes, with th«' softest expressions of wliich he lost no 
time or op])ortunity ; and (for several comhin(>d rt'asons, no 
(h)uht) he seemed cpiite uiuimhitious to leave his seat to 
'''■mm thr air,'" and strike for a repetition of the applause 
he had gained the nijrht heforc. 

Unfortunately in some respects, and as fortunately no 
doubt in others, the splendid " /iamon Nose'" held his posi- 
tion at the farther end of the platform during the- ^rc^ater 
])art of the evening ; ami the Doctor, for the several rc^asons 
already imagined, remained in the close vi(;inity of the fair 
dame, whose over-timidity, he feared, held her in an un 
necessary and painful suspense. 

In this position of things and of ]>arties. th ' amusements 
allotted for the (evening had commenced, and ^vere progress- 
ing, amidst the roars of a])plause that were ready at the 
close of each dance. They connnenced l)y giving the "ire/- 
cwnc Jhnicc'' and soin/* ])eculiar to their tribe. The senti- 
ment of tliis being explained by me, gave great y»leasure to 
the audience, and prejiared them for the dances and amuse- 
ments which were to follow. 

They next announced the " Bear Danccy* and amused 
the audience very much in its cxecuti<m. This curious 
dance is given when a l)arty arc preparing to hunt the hlack 
hear, for its delicious food ; or to contend with the more 

* This peculiar dunce is given to a stranger, or strangers, whom they 
are decided to wel.onic in their village ; asid out of respect to the j)erson or 
persons to whom they are expres-^iiig this welcome, the musicians and all 
the spectators rise upon their feet while it is being danced. 

The song is at first a lament for some friend, or friends, who are dead or 
gone away, and ends in a gay and lively and cheerful step, whilst they are 
announcing that the friend to whoia they are addressing it is icceived into 
the place which has been left. 


riM'sKNT OF luuMis s(VM p nwctv 

r«M-o»Mo\is unM ^lnnf^^<r»>^^^ " ,)n:h/ f^'iir," ul\rn ii ninnlur 
M)»|»onl is lumlo (o flu' /v. »;• ,v/ >>>•>/. iintl>nl)i Hinnlnr n'snllH. 
() i\> all luimls Itmin^- slvicth nUrndi'tl lo llu' iin)Hirlinit. 
uu«l t\»MH'sNurv (ovtn oT rtMuiliulin^ \\\ thin \\\\\ (hr (»imkI will 
i\\\y\ yro\i'c\\o\\ ol' ll»o piMMiliur s/urif jMTHitlin^- «»vrr tlw ih's- 
tinioR of (hos»» nni«nuls. ihrv mIuvI ttlV \ipon llu'ir luinl \\\\\\ 
i\ ro\\\\y\c\\r\' mul |»r»»sj»rf1 ol niumm'sh which ihov rotiM not 
olhovw'so h:«v»' V(M\lnr«'<l to coiinl upon. In (InH y;roloHi|no 
•.\\h\ Mninsi>)}v n\otlo. nu'h tlnnror iniittitt'H with Iuh hiuniM, 
Ml(rvn:ni'l\ . tho hs^hitH ol' iho hcnv win'n rnnnin^-. inul when 
silliui; nj>, upon its Toof, i(s |>hwh sn^jtiMuhMl iVonj i(n Int'usl. 

If was rnstiM\\;«vv wilh ihoni lo ho Nt'Dloil ii low minnloN 
iHllov o;n'h (lanco. and lo pasH inonml ihopipo; and in (ho 
intorval I'hov wovo thns lillinfv <H» aOov {\\\» «liinco, iho 
Itivlians. as wi^U as llu' an«liont'»\ uoro all snrpvisod al iho 
appi^avanoo of a largo mjnavi' |»avrol ha<\tlotl in. and on <o lh(» 
plalTovin. hv a s»m\ anl m livorv, as a prosonl 1«> tho Indiann 
\\\n\\ his anouvnnnis niistrosN. "CnrioMily was on tip lot*" 
to Know what st> IndKv a paivol rontainod ; and whon it, 
was oponi^l. it «as fonnvl to contain II hoantil'nllv ho\iinl 
HiMos tho nnn\hov jnst iMpnd to th«' nnnilu'v ol" Indians ol' 
tlu^ pavfv : and a vorv kind hMli'v addrossj'd io ihinn. and 
which was voatl. oxhovting tho\»\ to chan|^o iho tt-nor ol'thoir 
livos. to loam lo \\';\k\, and to piolit by tlu' gil'tH oncloHod to 

Tho UihU's h»Mnji»; ilislrilnitod ann>ngsl lh«Mn. tho War- 
chiof avoso. and in tho niost rospocllnl and ap|n'opriato 
n\a\uuM- n turned his thaid^s I'or llu' lihoral ]M'ORi'nl and tlu» 
kind wisho"^ of tho hulv wlu> iX'A^^" llunn ; In* said ho wa.s 
sorrv ho i\u\ not know which lady lo ihaidi.lnit by thanking 
all in tho unnn, \\c «'onsidorod ho was taking tho stiroNt way 
t>r c«nno\ in o- his thanks to hor. 

Artor this, tho )ir phis iiltnj (as tho Doctor \v«)tild uii- 
lUnihlodly c>ll iO, tho iViiihtlnl *' S<'n//> fhiiirr," * was an- 

* riiis Ivirlwnnis ami oxcitinjr scouo is llio liulian mode of cclohriiliiijj: a 
viotorv. and is ^\\c\\ littoon iiiglus in siiccossi«>n, wlion a war party rctiirns 
tVoni Kuilc, liavinij taken scalps t"n>in the licads ol" their enemies. 'J'akiiifi; 

sr MP nvNTK 



wiiH an- 


1 Al 

|iiii ti 



ll< HUM 


liilil Inni' Willi Ml 

i/ihlirfi (mT wlinm llii'v 

ii'iiii im well iM llic iiiiMi, ell' ill rniiiniijr 
llirir ilrcMSi'M II Ml I ini|i|rni< iiU III liiLr |iiii I m il 'I'lii' (Iriiiim 
HiniiK u|i. mill Ihc " N|ilriitliil Hoiiuiii i\',>s,<" Icil nil. witviii^r 
Ihh l\vi» McnlpM un llir |ii)Mtl ul II lillirr. iiiilil I 




ic niclr. w lini 


irv wrir | 


ill llir 


H Ot II 

H(|iiinv III ninv, w IhImI lir w H'lilcd liis lutniilin wl< iiml hi iil|»Mi(r 
Knil'r. tiiiil HlHtwril llir iiiiiniin in wlmli Iiim iiiilni IiiiiiiIp 
t>lliMlii(<H liiiil liilirn Ih liiir jiini 'I'Iiim wiim |irii|iiili| y llir liisl. 
linio llinl llir Sriil|» Diiiirc, in iIm (iii|'i ' iiidI iI, 

iimr Innil 

wiiM rvrr himmi mi llir cily nl' l.uiuli , niiij riiilirlliHliriJ Ity 
lIlc |irrm'Mri' III' mil iiml ifininin' •nii/ns. 

'I'IiIm CM'il iiit^ Hiriir, willi ilM iHMuriiil imii!. IiimI IiI<p In Iiiivc 
lirrii liio mill II I'nr llii> iicivr't iiml lii'ilr'^nr Lninlnii prniilr ; 
lull liiivin^; rviilnilly iiMnrmlilril line Inr ||i«< |i|i<iikiii'I' nC 

rrn'lVlllf>' HJincKH iiliil llV'llfr lliril iinvrw, I liry Mnnn ficciiicd 
ri'i'Olli'ilril, mill nil Innkrij mi with iiinu/riiHtil iiidI jiU'imii t'c, 
wIuIhI lliry wnr wnir Inr nii((< in llirir livrn, nl Iriinl, llitit. 

Iliry \V)<n< <lnnvMi|^> iiilnniinl inn Irnni im liii<- hum idiIivi 



ilH (liiiiic WIIM iniif; linn 




wlicn if, WHM 


HiiisluMJ, il WIIM i'ii||n\M'(| liy 11 iloii'rnin^ rniinil nl ti|i|ii)!ii 
not nl' ii|i|irnliiilinn ni' llic Hlini'|< iti)^ iiikI «liM(Mm| jn^r ciiMt.niri, 
liut nl tlii< riinii hI iinil Miin|ilr iiitinnrr in wlii' Il LIicho 

llii' iriiliiis iiiiH'liscil liy till llii" AiiiMirmi ti ilirs, iiimI liy tlii'in nil very iiiifli 

ill llii< HiiiiH' wiiy 


y nillllHr M 


iiti'li 1)1 llio 'ikin Iroin ii vicliiii'M ln'ii'l 

wlini killi'il ill linlllr , mimI llii<< |iii'i'i< nl vkiii, willi llic liiiir on il, i« lli" 
•n'lilli, wliicli is (iikiMi mill |iii"<i'i vnl mili'jy loc ii li(i|iliy , iii till' [imol [lOiiilivfi 
lliiil iN iiiixsoMsiir liiiH killnl mm niriiiy in liiillli-, iiml tliiq liccinioo Ihcy Iiiivm 
no liniik« III' liisliiiv iir |i 
liiillli'H III' iiiililiiry iim-ii. 

nlilic irciiriU III irliT III lor llii' >i<'''iiiliil iil llii* 


ii< sriil|i iliinri' m I'i'rMTiilly <liiii»'ci| liy tfirrh 


• I II 


mil, in nil liilii"<, llii' wiiiiK'n hike 

II nin- 

li^lil, at II liitr liDiir m iIk' iTiKlit ; » 

Hiiiniiiim purl in it, l>y iliiiit iiiK in tin' (ii(li< willi iIm- muii, li'ililinijt ii[i tfif< 

siiiliis just linin^lit lioin Imltlc, iiIIiicIumI Io (In- lo|i nl'ii |H)I<-, or the IkukIIo 

III il liiiin< 

A sciilp, til 111- a ^ri 

rimini" mil', niii'il lifivc lircn liikcri Irorii the liciiil of 


tiirini/, and llial rnrmy lionl. 'I'lii- livinir mm- •Jiuiiclirnf's miii|i(il, liiif wlnri- 
rv«*r it ucnii'H, it is on a lii'lil nl liatlji', aiiiiini."<l. lli<- woiiniliij, nnij sii|i|)«iii('(l 
tit III' ili'nd, will) smiirlini»"» siirvivi', lint willi tin- «itrn;il irmj^rai*^ (it Irivin^ 
lout II patcli (if till' skin nml liair Irorii llio t(i|» of t.lieir licaih. 



M^l ! 


IMI'K OK VKACV. (»)!{ CA I.lJMl'/r) DANCIv 

ijrnorunf and thoiijilillcss |m'oj»I(' were cndciivouriiig' to 
inslvuct and \o anuisr tin* rMli|;l«l»'iu'<l world l»y a strict and 
tMnidialic illustratittn of one of tho liarbarous, l»ut valued, 
modes of tlioir ouuntrv- 

'I'lii' subject and niode o\' sailpimj, and oCthus celehratinpf 
their victorii's, so little understood in the enlightened worhl, 
afl'orded nu* an interesting;" tluMue lor remarks at this time; 
and when thi' Indians wfre aj^ain si'alcd and "■hiftint/ a 
.snht/i(\" 1 took the oee.tsion of this i-omplele illustration to 
ex])lain it in all its parts and nu anin};s. lor which, when I 
had done, I receive<l live times as n\uch a|)|)lau8i> as I 
deserved for iloino- it. 

T/ir ri/x' of I'nirr (or (^dunu't) Dniwc* was the next an- 
nounoeil ; and was datu*ed with jjjreat s])irit. and p^aiiud 
them much apphuise. At the close of this, their favourite became ])eculiarly the privilege of the \N ar-chief to 
nmkc his hoast, as the dance is }»iven oidy at the j'ondusion 
of a treaty of peace bitween liostilo tribes, and at which 
treaty he is supposed to ])resi(le. l'\)r this ])urpose he rose, 
and slraii>htenini»' \\\\ his tall and veteran fif»ure, with his 
bulValo robe thrown over his shoulder and around him, with 
his right arm exlendi>d over the heads of his fellow war- 
riors, made a most animated s])eech to them for several 
minutes (with his back turned towards the audience), 
remindiufr them of the ])rincipal ex])U)its of hiai. military liTe, 
with which they were all familiar. lie then called ti])on 
one of the younf;-er men to light his ])i])c, which being done, 
and placed in his hand, he took several deliberate whiirs 


* The Pipe of Peace (or calumet) is a sacred j)i|)e, so held by all the 
American tribes, and kept in jiossessioii of the chiet's, to l)e smoked only at 
times of peace- making. When the terms of a treaty have been agreed upon, 
this saeretl j'ipe, the stem of which is ornamented with eagle's quills, is 
brought forward, and the solemn pledge to keep the peace is passed through 
tiie sacred stt^n by each chief and warrior drawing the smoke once through 
it. After this ceremony is over, the warriors of the two tribes unite in tlie 
dance, with the pipe of j)eacc held in the left hand, and a shc-shc-quoi (or 
rattle) in the right. 




>iiv()iiring t<» 
y SI slri»t iuul 
, hut valui'cl, 

IH ofli'lnat iti^ 
litnu'd wovM, 
ftl this time ; 
I ml "Iti/iin;/ n 
illustration to 
whirh, when I 
p|)lauHi> as I 

iH the noxt an- 
t. and frainitl 
their I'avourito 
icWar clui'f tt> 
the ctmchjsion 
, and at which 
mrposi* he rose, 
ruro, with his 
)und liini, with 
is fi'Uow war- 
\\\ for several 
10 audience), 
ia. niilitary liTe, 
u called vi])on 
h being done, 
iberato whitVs 

so held by all the 
be siiiokod only at 
boon agreed upon, 
h eagle's quills, is 
^ is passed through 
noke once through 
tribes unite in the 
a she-shc-quoi (or 

through it N long and ornamented stcni ; this done, nnd IiIm 
ideas all arranged, he deliheratcly tn:'ne(l nronnd, and 
])aHsing his pipe into his h ll liund, extended liis right over 
the heads of the amlienc(> ai;d comnn need :- - 

'• My l''iicntiH, We beli4>ve Mint all our lir|ipiiM'SH in tins life is ^iven lo 
iiH by the (iieat S|iii'il, iniil tliron^h this pijie I liavr ihiinknl llini fur en- 
abling me to be here al thiM linie, and tos|)eak to you all who are aninnd me. 
(//«»', /iiiif, lioir ! and a|tpltiiixe ) 

" My I'riends, Wr have had a ham join-ney, and \vi> are slill very nmrh 
lali(ined. We prayed to the Ureal S|iirif, and lie has heard our prayers; 
we art> all here, and all W(dl. {How, /lair, how! and /tun! ) 
u " My P'riends, We are poor ami liv(« in (In* v\(iods, and lli(aifrh the 

(Jreal Spirii is v\ith us, yet lie has mil langhl ns how t(t weave tin* lieauti- 
liil things that you ninke m this country ; wi> have seen many of thosn 
things brought to us, and we are now happy to be where all tlieve tine things 
nro matle. ( Now, how, how ! ) 

"My Friends, TheCireat Spirit has niatle us with red skins, and taught 
us how to live in the wilderiu'ss, but has not taught us to live ns you 
do. Our dresses are made of skins and are very <«tarse, but they are warm ; 
and in our danc«'s we are in the habit of showing the skins of our sluaddera 
and <Mir arms, and we hope you will not be angry with us — it is our woy. 
(Ifow, how, how I and great applaus(>.) 

"My Kriemis, VVe hav(' heard that your chief is a woman, and we 
know that she nuist b(> a great ciru-f, or y(Mir country wcadd not be so rich 
and so hnppy. (Cheers and Hviir!) VVe hav<' be«'n told that the Ojib- 
bcways went to sec your(pieen, and that she smiled upon ihem ; this makes 
us the more anxious to see her liu'e, as the Ojihbeways nro our enemies. 
( llow, how, how I ) 

" My rrien<ls,— -We hope lo see the face of your (piecn, and then we 
shall be happy. Our friend Chip/xhofn* lias told us that ho thinks wo 
shall see her. My Friends, we do not know whether there arc any of her 
relations now in the room. (Ifow, how, how! and a laugh.) 

"My Friends, — We shall be glad to shake your hands. This is all I 
have to say." ((Jreat applause.) 

At the close of his 8])eech. and as he turned around to 
meet the approbaticm of his fellow- warriors, there was a 
sudden burst of laughter amongst the Indians, occasioned 
by the sarcastic and exulting manner in which the old 
Doctor told him he had better say something more before he 
sat down, " because," said he, " you have not made half as 


* (leo, Ctttlin. 


30 (joi.i) uuAciCLirr imjmsiintkd to tiik koman-nosk. 

iiiiich liin^h yi't as I did last ni^MU." " I slioiild he sorry if 
I had," said the Wur-chicr; " thi- aiidicnci* always lau<;h tho 
moment thry soe your »i<>^ly facr." 

'I'ho Doctor's troul)los commciuiMl lirro, for just at that 
moment the "lair dame" had caught the eye of the 
'' /?(>//^///-//(».sv'," and hoMiiiM^ up a heautil'ul bracelet enclosinjr 
a hrilliant stone, she tempted him up. while she clasped it 
U|)on his arm as it was extended imnu'diately over tho 
Doctor's head, whose unfailing j)oliteness induced him to 
bow down his head to facilitate the ojjeration. 

When the ^^ Riitntni-nosc'' had taken his seat, and the 
p<K)r Doctor had raised up his head to nieet the eyes and 
the taunts of liis fellow- Indians, who were lauj^hin^ at him, 
and the jraze of tho visitors from every quarter of tho 
room, thore was a smi/r, but alt()i!;ether a urir one, and a nnn 
won! shoidd be coined for the sudcb'u and singular distress 
of the dilemma he was in: it would not do to undervalue 
the beautiful present that was already u])on l\is arm, and to 
save his life he could not smile as ])leasantly upon the fnir 
hand that <j;'ave it as he had been smiling a few minutes 
before. The trinket had instantly fallen fifty ])er cent, in 
its value — the hrilliant ])r()spect that had been before luni 
had fled, and left him in the dread, not only that his bea* ti- 
ful commercial ju'ospects were blighted, but that he was to 
have an enomy in the field. 

The lioman-iiose received his j)resent in a respectful 
and thankful manner, but it was too late to be aff'crfioiiafcli/ 
acce])ted, as it was the second one that was afloat, and taken 
by him, partly as an evidence of a kind heart, and partly as 
a foil to cover the true meaning of the first one that had 
been bestowed. However, he valued it very much, and the 
secret respecting the mistake that had been made in pre- 
senting the first, having been committed only to Daniel and 
myself, was thought best, for the peace of all parties, not to 
be divulged. 

The amusements of the evening being finished, there com- 
menced a general shake of the hands, and when it had been 



I ' 



1(1 1)1' sorry if 
niys hiu^li the 

r just at that 
lO vyo of tlic 
.rrU't tMU'lDsinj; 
slu! claspi'd it 
tti'ly over tlio 
i(Uuo»l him to 

soat, and the 
, the eyes and 
iijrhiny; at him, 
r[uavtt'V of tlio 
one, and a iicin 
iiguhir distress 
to undervalue 
his arm, and to 
upon the ftiir 
a few minutes 
fty |)er cent, in 
en before him 
hat his l)ea' ti- 
that he was to 

a respectful 
Ibe affectionntchi 
[loat, and taken 
], and partly as 
It one that had 
much, and the 
made in prc- 
to Daniel and 
parties, not to 

Ihed, there com- 
len it had been 


nM|ueste(l by some of the audience that the Indians should 
conu' on to the lloor, the r('<nu'st wasiiisfuntly conipliiMl with, 
which allbrded the most p,ratifvinjij opportunity for the 
visitors to ^et near to them, and scan fluin and their 
cost.imes and weapons more closely. There was a general 
outcry by tlu* ladies for the wife of the Little -wolf to 
di'sceiul from the ])latfonn with her little p!'])poose slunfj; on 
her back in its splendid cradle, ornamented with j)()rcupim''s 
(|uills and ermine skins. It was a beautiful illustration, 
and fornu'd one of the nu)st attractive feutures of the exhi- 
bition, for gentlemen as well as for ladii-s, as thousands will 

The "jolly fat dame" had an op])ortunity of nu'etin|jf the 
Roman-nose and ofshakinj;- his hand : but, "oh, the distress! 
she could not speak to him as she had done to ('adotte, — it 
was impossible for her to ex))lain to him the abominable 
mistake of the first ni^ht, and she feared he ni'ver would 
])ro]»erly appreciate the ])resent which she had just made 
him ; nevertheless they were " ii noble, line set of fellows." 
The Doctor ])assed about in the crowd shaking hands, 
and shaking his fan also, which was made of tlu? eagle's tail. 
He met the" fair dame," and (cruel that he could not speak 
to her) he dropped many smdes as he looked down up(m and 
over her dimj)led cheeks and round neck, as he raised and 
showed her his brawny arm with the golden bracelet. 

The Indians soon withdrew, and after them the crowd ; 
and after the crowd the " jolly fat dame," who said to 
Daniel as she ])asscd, " I can't stop to-night, Daniel, 1 am 
in a great hurry ; but I gave the bracelet to the Human- 
nose — I got a good opportunity, Daniel — 1 buckled it on 
myself: oh, yes, I did — that 1 did — the good fellow, he stood 
it well — he never stirred. He'll recollect me, won't he, 
Daniol? I am going; but oh, look here — 1 can't, to save 
my life, make the poor fellow understand how the accident 
took place — it is so provoking! — it's awkward — it is very 
annoying to me. You can tell him, Daniel — I wish you 
would tell him — 1 want you to explain it to him. Come, 

VI ti 




1 !. 



will you, Daniel ? that 's a good fellow. Tell him I never 
intended to give a bracelet to the old Doctor. But stop, 
he won't tell the Doctor that, will he ? I wouldn't for the 
world hurt the poor old man's feelings — no, Daniel, not for 
twenty bracelets — what shall we do ?" " Oh, there is no 
danger, Madam, that the Doctor will ever hear of it." 
" You think so ?" " Oh, I am sure, Madam." " Then it 's 
all right — good night. I shall be here every night, you 

The next morning after this, the Rev. Mr. and Mr. 

called upon me at my family residence, to ask if it 

would be consistent with my views and the views of the 
Indians for them to have some conversation with them in 
private on the subject of religion and education. I repli^l, 
that it was one of the greatest satisfactions 1 could have 
during their stay in England, to proiaote as far as in my 
power such well-meant efforts to enlighten tiieir minds, and 
to enable them to benefit in that way hy their visit to this 
country. I told them also, that I was very glad to say that 
this party was under the charge of Mr. Melody, a man who 
was high in the confidence of the American Government, 
and that I knew him to be a temperate and moral man : as 
he was interested in the missionary efforts being made in 
this very tribe, I felt quite certain that he would do all in 
his power to promote their object, and they had better call 
on him. They did so, and an ..ppointmcnt was made for 
them to visit the Indians in the afternoon, subsequent to 
their usual daily " drive." 

Mr. Melody had had a conversation with the Indians on 
the subject, and although ihey felt some reluctance at first, 
on account of the little time they would have to reflect upon 
't, they had agreed to see the reverend gentlemen in thi^ 
afternoon, and I was sent for to be present. I was there at 
the time, and when the reverend gentlemen called, I intro- 
duced them to the Indians in th(Mr rooms. The Indians 
were all seated on the floor, upon their robes and blankets, 
and passing around the pipe. After the usual time taken 





by strangers to examine their curious dresses, weapons, Sec 
one of the reverend gentlemen mentioned to the chiefs, in a 
very kind and friendly manner, the objects of their visit, and 
with their permission gave them a brief account of the life 
and death of oi^r Saviour, and explained as well as he could 
to their simple minds the mode of Redemption. He urged 
upon them the necessity of their talcing up this belief, and 
though it might be difficult for them to understand at first, 
yet he was sure it was the only way to salvation. This 
gentleman took full time to explain his views to them, which 
was done in the most suitable language for their under- 
standing, and every sentence was carefully and correctly 
interpreted to them by Jeffrey, who seemed to be himself 
much interested in hearing his remarks. 

After the reverend gentleman had finished, Mr. Melody 
stated to the Indians that he believed all that the gentleman 
said was true, and that he knew it to be worth their closest 
and most patient consideration. He then asked White-cloud 
if he had anvthing: to answer ; to which he said, " he had but 
a few words to say, as he did not feel very well, and Neu- 
mon-ija (the War-chief) was going to speak for him," He 
thought, however, that it was a subject which they might as 
well omit until they got home. 

Neu-mon-ya during this time was hanging his head quite 
down, and putfing the smoke as fast as he could draw it 
through his pipe, in long breaths, and discharging it through 
his nostrils. He raised up after a moment more of pause, 
and passing the pipe into White-cloud's hand, folded his 
arms, with his elbows on his knees, when he drew a deep 
sigh, and followed it with the last discharge of smoke from 
his lungs, which was now passing in two white streams 
through his distended nostrils, as he said — 

•' My friends,* — The Great Spirit has sent you to us with iiind words, 
and he has opened our ears to hear them, which we have done. We arc 
glad to see you and to hear you speak, for we know that you are our friends. 

* Being a silent listener to these conversations, 1 took out my note book 
and wrote down the remarks here given, as they were translated by JefTrey. 





I ! 


** ■ 



What you have said relative to our learning to read and to write, we are 
sure can do us no good — we arc now too old ; but for our children, we think 
it would be well lor them to learn ; and they are now going to schools in 
our village, and learning to read and to write. Ai to the white man's 
religion which you have explained, we have heard it told to us in the sau. j 
way, many times, in our own country, and there are white men and women 
there now, trying to teach it to our people. We do not think your religion 
good, unkvs it is so for white people, and this we don't doubt. The Cnut 
Spirit has made our skins red, and the forests for us to live in. He has 
also given us our religion, which has taken our fathers to 'the beautiful 
hunting grounds,' where we wish to meet them. We don't bolievc that 
the Great Spirit made us to live with pale faces in this world, and we think 
He has intended we should live separate in the world to come. 

" My friends, — We know that when white men come into our country 
we are unhappy — the Indians all die, or are driven away before the white 
men. Our hope is to enjoy our hunting grounds in the world to come, 
which white men cannot take from us : we know that our fathers and our mo- 
thers have gone there, and we don't know why we should not go there too. 

" My friends, — You have told us that the Son of the Great Spirit was 
on earth, and that he was killed by white men, and that the Great .Spirit 
sent him here to get killed ; now we cannot understand all this — this may 
be necessary 1" r white people, but the red men, we think, have not yet 
got to be so wicked as to require that. If it was necessary that the Son of 
the Great Sj)irit should be killed for white people, it may be necessary for 
them to believe all this ; but for us, we cannot understand it." 

He here asked for the pipe, and having drawn a few 
whiffs, proceeded. 

" My friends, — You speak of the ' ffood book' that you have in your 
hand ; we have many of >hese in our village ; we are told that ' all your 
words about the Son of the Great Spirit are jmnted in that book, and if 
we learn to read it, it will make good people of us.' I would now fisk why 
it don't make good people of the pale faces living all around us ? They can 
all read the good book, and they can understand all that the ' black coats'* 
say. and still we find they are not so honest and so good a people as ours : 
this we are sure of ; such is the case in the country about us, but here we 
have no doubt but the white j)eople who have so many to preach and so 
many books to read, are all honest and good. In our country the white 
people have two faces, and their tongues branch in difierent ways ; we 
know that this displeases the Great Spirit, and we do not wish to teach it 
to our children." 

He here took the pipe again, and while smoking, the 
reverend gentleman asked him if he thought the Indians 






tlrawn a few 

did al'i to serve the G rcat Spirit that they ought to do — 
all that the Great Spirit required of them ? to which he 
replied — 

" My friends, — 1 don't know that we do all that the Great Spirit wishes 
us to do ; there are some Indians, I know, who do not ; there are some 
bad Indians as well as bad white people ; I think it is very difficult to tell 
how much the Great Spirit wishes us to do." 

The reverend gentleman said — 

*' That, my friends, is what we wish to leach you ; and if you can learn 
to read this good book, it will explain all that." 

The chief continued — 

" Wc believe the Great Spirit requires us to pray to Ilim, which we do, 
and to thank Him for everything we have that is good. We know that He 
requires us to speak the truth, to feed the poor, and to love our friends. 
We don't know of anything more that he demands ; he may demand more 
of white people, but we don't know that" 

The reverend gentleman inquired — 

" Do you not think that the Great Spirit sometimes punishes tlie Indians 
in this world for their sins ? " 

War-chief. — " Yes, we do believe so." 

Hev. Gentleman. — "Did it ever occur to you, that the small pox that 
swept off half of your tribe, and other tribes around you, a few years ago, 
might have been sent into your country by the Great Spirit to punish the 
Indians for their wickedness and their resistance to his word ? " 

War-chief. — " My Friends, we don't know that we have ever resisted 
the word of the Great Spirit. If the Great Spirit sent the small pox into 
our country to destroy us, we believe it was to punish us for listening to the 
false promises of white men. It is white man's disease, and no doubt 
it was sent amongst white jjcople to punish them for their sins. It never 
came amongst the Indians until we began to listen to the promises of 
white men, and to follow their V4ay8 ; it then came amongst us, and we are 
not sure but the Great Spirit then sent it to punish us for our foolishness. 
There is another disease sent by the Great Spirit to punish white men, and 
it punishes them in the right place — the place that oftijnds. We know that 
disease has been sent to punish them ; that disease was never amongst the 
Indians until white men came— they brought it, and we believe we shall 
never drive it out of our country." 

The War-chief here reached for the pipe again for a 
minute, and then continued — 

" My Friends, — 1 hope my talk does not oficnd you ; we are children, 
and you wil! forgive us for our ignorance. The Great Spirit expects us to 




1 ,' 

I :i 


I ! t 

' I", 




feed the poor ; our wives and children at home are very poor ; wicked white 
men kill so many of our hunters and warriors with ^re-water, that they 
bring among us, and leave so many children among us for us to feed, when 
they go away, that it makes us very poor. Before they leave our country 
they destroy all the game also, and do not teach us to raise bread, and our 
nation is now in that way, and very poor ; and we think that the way we 
can please the Great Spirit first, is to get our wives and children something 
to eat, and clothes to wear. It is for that we have come to this country, 
and still we are glad to hear your counsel, for it is good." 

The reverend gentlemen, and several ladies who had ac- 
companied them, here bestowed some very beautiful Bibles 
and other useful presents upon the Indians; and thanking 
them for their patience, were about to take leave of them, 
when Mr. Melody begged their attention for a few mo- 
ments while he read to them several letters just received 
x'rora reverend gentlemen conducting a missionary school 
in this tribe, giving a flattering account of its progress, 
and presented them a vocabulary and grammar, already 
printed in the loway language, by a printing-press be- 
longing to the missionary school in their country. This 
surprised them very much, and seemed to afford them great 

The comments of the press, as well as the remarks of the 
public who had seen them, now being made upon the 
superior interest of this party, they were receiving daily 
calls from distinguished persons, and also numerous in- 
vitations to gentlemen's houses, which daily increased their 
consequence, and, of course, their enjoyment. Amongst the 
first of these kind invitations was one from Mr. Disraeli, 
M.P.. for t]'.e whole party to partake of a breakfast at his 
house, in Park Lane. 

This was for the next morning after the interview just 
described ; and, not knowing or even being able to imagine 
what they were to see, or what sort of rules or etiquette 
they were to be subjected to, they were under the most 
restless excitement to prepare everything for it, and the 
greatest anxiety for the hour to approach. They were 




md them great 

all up at an unusually early hour, preparing every trinket 
and every article of dress, and spent at least an hour at 
their toilets in putting the paint upon their faces. The 
Doctor had been told that he would sit down at the table 
amongst many very splendid ladies; and this, or some 
other embarrassment, had caused him to be dissatisfied 
with the appearance of the paint which he had put upon 
his face, and which he was carefully examining with his 
little looking-glass. He decided that it would not do, and 
some bear's grease and a piece of deer-skin soon removed 
it all. He spent another half hour with his different tints, 
carefully laying them on with the end of his forefinger; 
and, displeased again, thei/ were all demolished as before. 
Alarm about time now vexc' him, and caused him to 
plaster with a more rapid and consequently with a more 
" masterly touch." The effect was fine ! He was ready, 
and so were all the party, from head to foot. All their 
finest was on, and all were prepared for the move, when J 
came in at about eight o'clock to advise them af the hour 
at which we were to go, and which I had forgotten to 
mention to them the evening before. I then referred to 
the note of invitation, and informed them that the hour ap- 
pointed was twelve o'clock. The whole party, who were at 
that time upon their feet around me, wrapped in their 
robes, their shields and quivers slung, and the choice tints 
upon their faces almost too carefully arranged to be exposed 
to the breath of the dilapidating wind, expressed a decided 
shock when the hour of twelve was mentioned. They 
smiled, and evidently thought it strange, and that some 
mistake had been made. Their conjectures were many and 
curious : some thought it was dinner that was meant, instead 
of breakfast ; and others thought so late an hour was 
fixed that they might get their own breakfasts out of the 
way, and then give the Indians theirs by themselves. I 
answered, " No, my good fellows, it is just the reverse of 
this ; you are all wrong — it is to breakfast that you are 
invited, and lest their family, and their friends whom they 






: in 

I 'i;: 



have invited to meet you, should not have the honour of 
sitting down and eating with you, they have fixed the hour 
at twelve o'clock, the time that the great and fashionable 
people take their breakfasts. You must have your break- 
fasts at home at the usual hour, and take your usual drive 
before you go ; so you will have plenty of time for all, and 
be in good humour when you go there, where you will see 
many fine ladies and be made very happy." 

My remarks opened a new batch of difficulties to them 
that I had not apprehended, some of which were exceedingly 
embarrassing. To wait four hours, and to cat and to ride 
in the meantime, would be to derange the streaks of paint 
and also to soil many articles of dress which could not be 
put on excepting on very particular occasions. To take 
them off and put them on, and to go through the vexations 
of the toilet again, at eleven o'clock, was what several of the 
party could submit to, and others could not. As to the 
breakfast of huge beefsteaks and coffee which was just 
coming up, I had felt no apprehensions ; but when it was on 
the table I learned that the old Doctor and Wash-ka-mon-ya 
and one or two others of the young men were adhering to a 
custom of their country, and which, in my rusticity (having 
been seven or eight years out of Indian life), I had at the 
moment lost sight of. 

It is the habit in their country, when an Indian is 
invited to a feast, to go as hungry as he can, so as to be as 
fashionable as possible, by eating an enormous quantity, 
and for this purpose the invitations are generally extended 
some time beforehand, paying the valued compliment to 
the invited guest of allowing as much time as he can pos- 
sibly require for starving himself and preparing his stomach 
by tonics taken in bitter decoctions of medicinal herbs. In 
this case the invitation had only been received the day 
before, and of course allowed them much less than the 
usual time to prepare to be fashionable. They had, how- 
ever, received che information just in time for the Doctor 
and Wash-ka-mon-ya and the Roman-nose to avoid the 





;hc honour of 
ixed the hour 
(1 fashionable 
D your brcak- 
ur usual drive 
le for all, and 
D you will see 

ilties to them 
re exceedingly 
at and to ride 
realcs of paint 

could not be 
ons. To take 
. the vexations 
; several of the 
it. As to the 
hich was just 
when it was on 

adhering to a 
icity (having 

I had at the 

an Indian is 
so as to be as 
ous quantity, 
rally extended 
compliment to 
as he can pos- 
ng his stomach 
nal herbs. In 
eived the day 
less than the 
'hey had, how- 
for the Doctor 
to avoid the 


annoyance of their dinner and suppers on that day, and 
they had now laid thomseives aside in further prepara- 
tion for the feast in which they were to be candidates for 
the mastery in emptying plates and handling the "knife 
and fork" (or "knife and fingers"), the custom of their 

In this condition, the Doctor particularly was a subject 
for the freshest amusement, or for the profoundest contem- 
plation. With all his finery and his trinkets on, and his 
red and yellow paint — with his shield, and bow and quiver 
lying by his side, he was straightened upon his back, with 
his feet crossed, as he rested in a corner of the room upon 
his buffalo robe, which was spread upon the floor. His 
little looking glass, which was always suspended from his 
belt, he was holding in his hand, as he was still arranging 
his beautiful feathers, and contemplating the ^^atchcs of red 
and yellow paint, and the tout cnseirlle of the pigments and 
copper colour with which he was to make a sensation where 
he was going to feast (as he had been told) with ladies, an 
occurrence not known in the annals of the Indian country. 
He had resolved, on hearing the hour was twelve, not to eat 
his breakfast (which he said might do for women and chil- 
dren), or to take his usual ride in the bus, that he might 
not injure his growing appetite, or disturb a line of paint 
or a feather, until the hour had arrived for the honours and 
the luxuries that awaited them. 

I reasoned awhile with these three epicures of the land of 
" buffaloes' tongues and heavers'' tails,^^ telling them that they 
were labouring under a misconception of the ideas of gen- 
tility as entertained in the civilized and fashionable world; 
that in London, the genteel people practised entirely the 
opposite mode from theirs ; that light dinners and light 
breakfasts were all the fashion, and the less a lady or gen- 
tleman could be seen eating, the more sentimental he or 
she was considered, and consequently the more transcend- 
ently genteel : and that when they went to breakfast with 
their friends at 12, or to dine at 7 or 9, they were generally 





in fho liiibit of iiromotinj^ gentility by eating a little at 
houjo before they started. 

My reasoning, however, had no other effect than to excite 
a smile from the Doctor, and the very ])hiloso]>hic reply, 
•* that they shonld prefer to adhere to their own custom 
until they got to the lady's house, when they would try to 
conform to that of the white ]»eo|)le of fiondon." 'Vhv. 
droUness of these remarks Irom this droll old gentleman 
entirely jirevented Mr. Melody and myself from intruding 
any further suggestions, until the hour arrived, and it was 
announced that the carriage was at the door. 

( 'IT ) 


Kind rcrcption at Mr. Disriwii's - View of llyilc Park from tlic top of 
Ills house - llrvicw <»!' troopa, and sliani (i);li( Hrcakrast-tublo — ^Tlie 
Doctor missing — The Author finds him in the haiiiin^-rooni — Chain- 
paffno wino — llerimcd hy the Indians (/7/<VA«WV«w* ; Cliipjwhobi tells 
tho story of it — The Indians drink I'resents- 'V\\v " hif^ h)oking- 
glass" — The Doctor sinih's in it — S|)eeeh of tlie War-chief- Shake of 
iiands, and r«>turn — Kxhihition-rooni, Kfryplian Ilall I)oct')r presents a 
string of wampum and th(^ " White-ffathcr " to the *' jolly fat dame " — 

Indians talk about c'lic/iuhuhhoo—TUn Rev. Mr. (i calls — A different 

religion (a Catholic) — Interview appointed — Two Methodist clergymen 
call — Indians refuse to see them -The giant and giantess visit the In- 
dians — The Doctor measuring the giantess The* talk with the Catholic 

Tins chapter begins with the introduction of the loways into 
fashionable life, through the various ])hase8 of wliich they 
had the good or bad fortune to ])ass, in this and other 
countries, as will be seen, before they returned to re umc 
the tomahawk and scaly)ing-knifo in tht:r favourite ])rairies, 
and the Rocky Mountains in America. 

Mr, Melody and myself accompanied the Indians, and 
all together were put down at the door, where we met a 
host of waiters in livery, ready to conduct us to the kind 
lady and gentleman, whom they instantly recollected to 
have seen and shaken hands with in the exhibition room. 
This gave them confidence, and all parties were made easy 
in a moment, by a general introduction which followed. 
Through the interpreter, the ladies complimented them for 
their dances and songs, which they had heard, and pro- 
nounced to be very wonderful. Their women and little 
children were kindly treated by the ladies, and seats were 
prepared for them to sit down. The men were also desired 
to be seated, but on looking around the room, upon the 


f I? 






richness of its furnitu^p, the splendid carpet on which they 
stood, and the crimson velvet of the cushioned chairs that 
were behind them, the smiled, and seemed reluctant to sit 
upon them, for fear of soiling- them. They were at len<rth 
prevailed uj on to be seated, however, and after a little con- 
versation, were conducted by Mr. Disnieli through the dif- 
ferent apartments of his house, where he put in their hands, 
and explained to them, much to their gratification, many 
curious daggers, sabres, and other weajxms and curiosities 
of antiquity. In parsing through the dining saloon, they 
passed the table, groaning under the weight of its costly 
plate and the luxuries which were prepared for them ; upon 
this the old Doctor smiled as he passed along, and he even 
turned his head to smile again upon it, as he left it. 

After we had surveyed all below, the party were invited 
to the top of the house, and Mr. Disraeli led the way. The 
ladies, of whom there were a goodly number, all followed ; 
and altogether, the pictured buffalo robes — the rouged 
heads and red feathers — the gaudy silks, and bonnets, and 
ribbons — glistening lances and tomahawks — and black coats, 
formed a novel group for the gaze of the multitude who 
were gathering from all directions, under the ever exciting 
cry of " Indians ! Indians ! " 

Hyde Park was under our eye, and from our position wc 
had the most lovely ^iow of it that any point could afford ; 
and also of the drilling of troops, and the sham-fight in the 
park, which was going on under our full view. This was 
exceedingly excit'ng and amusing to the Indians, and also 
the extensive look we had in turning our eyes in the other 
direction, over the city. The ladies had now descended, and 
we all followed to the saloon, where it was soon announced 
that the breakfast was ready ; and in a few moments all were 
seated at the table, excepting the Doctor, who was not to 
be found. Jeffrey and I instantly thought of his " propoi- 
siti/,^^ and went to the house- top for him, but to our amaze- 
ment he was not there. In descending the stairs, however, 
and observing a smoke issuing out of one of the chambers. 


1 which they 
eh airs that 
Hftant to sit 
I'c at Icnjjfth 
a little con- 
ugh the tlif- 
thcir hands, 
•ation, many 
d curiosities 
saloon, they 
of its costly 
them ; upon 
and he even 
'St it. 

were invited 
e way. The 
all followed ; 
-the rouged 
bonnets, and 
1 black coats, 
altitude who 
ver exciting 

position WG 
ould afford ; 
fight in the 
This was 
ms, and also 
in the other 
scended, and 
cnts all were 
was not to 
Ihis " pro])e>i- 
our amaze- 
irs, however, 
ic chambers. 



into which wo had been led, on going up to examine the 
beautiful arrangement for vapour and shower baths, we 
stepped in, and found the Doctor seated in the middle 
of the room, where he had lit his pipe, and was taking a 
more deliberate look at this ingenious contrivance, which 
he told us pleased him very much, and which lie has often 
said he thought would bo a good mode to adopt in his 
practice in his own country. He was easily moved, how- 
ever, when it was announced to him that the breakfast was 
on the table and ready, where he was soon seated in the 
chair reserved for him. 

Great pains were taken by the ladies and gentlemen to 
help the Indians to the luxuries they mighl l^ke best; and 
amongst others that were ofl'ered, their glasses were filled 
with sparkling champagne, in which their health was pro- 
posed. The poor fellows looked at it, and shaking their 
heads, declined it. This created some surprise, upon which 
Mr. Melody explained for them that they had ])ledged their 
words not to drink spirituous liquors while in this country. 
They were apj)lauded by all the party for it, and at the 
same time it was urged that this was only a light wine^ 
and could not hurt them : we were drinking it ourselves, 
and the ladies were drinking it, and it seemed cruel to 
deny them. Poor Melody ! — he looked distressed : he had 
a good heart, and loved his Indians, but he felt afraid of 
the results. The Doctor and Wasli-ka-mon-ya kept their 
hands upon their glasses, and their eyes upon Melody and 
myself, evidently understanding something of the debate 
that was going on, until it was agreed and carried, by the 
ladies and all, that taking a little champagne would not be a 
breach of their promise in the least, and that it would do 
them no harm. Their health and success were then proposed, 
and all their glasses were drained to the bottom at once. 

The Doctor, after finding the bottom of his glass, 
turned round, and smacking his lips, dropped mo a bow 
and a smile, seeming to say that " he was thankful, and 
that the wine was very good." 


■^ t ■ 



!^. •( 

' 1 

■ i 






I I h 


; 'i 
■ t 


I told them that this was not ^'/Ire-wafer,''* as they could 
themselves judge, hut that it was ^'' chickahohboo.'" This 
word seeming to them to be an Indian word, excited their 
curiosity somewhat, and being called upon by the ladies to 
explain the meaning of it, as they did not recollect to have 
met such a word in Johnson's Dictionary or elsewhere, 
I related to them the story of chichabohboo^ as told by the 
war-chief of the Ojibbeways, at Windsor Castle ; and the 
manner in which those Indians partook of the Queen's wine, 
or " chickabubboo" as they called it, on that occasion. 

This explanation afforded much amusement to the party, 
and to the Indians also, as Jeffrey interpreted it to them ; 
and it was soon proposed that their glasses should be filled 
again with chichabubboo. The Doctor sat next to me at 
the table, and every time he emptied his glass o^ chichabubboo 
I was amused to hear him pronounce the word " good !" — the 
first word of English he had learned, and the first occasion 
on which I had heard him sound it. After the wine was 
first poured out, he had kept one hand around his glass or 
by the side of it, and had entirely stopped eating. He had 
minced but a little in the outset, and seeming to have a 
delicate stomach, was giving great pain to the ladies who 
were helping him and urging him to eat, in his irrevocable 
resolution to be genteel^ as he had before suggested, and which 
they probably never understood. 

The last dish that was passed around the table, and 
relished by the Indians quite as much as the chickabobboo, 
was a plate of trinkets of various kinds, of brooches, brace- 
lets, chains, and other ornaments for their persons, which 
they received with expressions of great thankfulness as 
they were rising from the table. Thus ended the "feast," 
as they called it; and on entering the drawing-room the 
Doctor became a source of much amusement to the ladies, 
r,s his attention was arrested by the enormous size of a 
mirror that was before him, or by the striking effect of his 
own beautiful person, which he saw at full length in it. He 
affected to look only at the frame, as the ladies accused him 




of vanity ; anfl he drew out from under his belt his little 
looking-glass, about an inch square, imbedded in a block 
of deal to ])rotect it from breaking. The contrast was 
striking and amusing, but what followed was sfill more 
so. 'I'hc ladies were anxious to examine his looking-glass 
(which was fastened to his ])erson with a leathern thong), and 
in pulling it out, there necessarily came out with it, attached 
to the same thong, a little wallet carefully rolled up in a 
rattle-snake's skin ; and which, on inquiry, was found to 
be his toilet of pigments of various colours, with which 
he painted his face. A small pair of scissors also formed 
a necessary ap])endagc, and by the side of them hung a 

'boars tusk and a human finger shrivelled and dried. 
This he had taken from a victim he had slam in battle, 
and now wore as his " mediriiic,''* or falisntanic rharniy that 
was to guard and protect him in all times of trouble 
or danger. This remarkable trophy was generally, on 
occasions when he was in full dress, sus])cnded from his 
neck by a cord, and hung amongst the strings of wampum 
on his breast ; but on this occasion he had so many other 
things to think of, that he had forgotten to display it there. 
The War-chief at this time preparing his mind to 
make some remarks before leaving, and to thank the 
lady for her kindness, was asking " if he should give any 
offence by lighting his pipe ;" to which they all answered 
at once, "No, oh no! we shall be glad to see the old 
chief smoke ; get him some fire immediately." When the 
fire arrived, he had lighted his pipe with his flint and 
steel, and was arranging his ideas as he was drawing the 
smoke through its long stem. It amused the ladies very 
much to see him smoke, and when he was ready he passed 
the pipe into White Cloud's hand, and rising, and throwing 
his head and his shoulders back, he said to the lady that 
" he was authorized by the chief to return to her and her 
husband his thanks, and the thanks of all the party, for the 
kindness they had shown them." He said they were strangers 
in the country, and a great way from home, and this would 








'i i 

fi I 


make them more thankful for the kindness they had met 
this day. 

** My Friends (said he), the Great Spirit has caused your hearts to be 
thus kind tc us, and we hope the Great Spirit will not allow us to forget it. 
We are thankful to all your friends whom we see around you also, and we 
hope the Great Spirit will be kind to you all. 

** My friend the chief wishes to shake hands with you all, and then we 
will bid you farewell." 

The kindest >yishes were expressed, in reply to the old 
man's remarks, for their health and happiness ; and after a 
general shaking of hands we took leave, and our omnibus, 
for St. James's Street. 

The usual dinner hour of the Indians was just at hand 
when they returned, which was a joyful occurrence for 
the Doctor, who had, at some inconvenience, been endea- 
vouring to practise Indian and i ilized gentility at one and 
the same time. He smiled when dinner came on, and 
others smiled to see him endeavouring to mend the breach 
that had been made. 

The excitements of this day had put the Indians in re- 
markably good humour for their evening's amusements at 
the Hall, which they gave to a crowded house, and, as usual, 
with great applauso. The "jolly fat dame" was there as 
she had promised, still admiring, and still " ouite miserable 
that she could not speak to them in their own language, or 
something that they could understand." Daniel had taken 
a private opportunity to tell the Doctor the whole story 
of her attachmont to Cadotte, and to assure him, at the 
same time, of her extraordinary admiration of him, the 
evidence of which was, that " she had made him the first 
present, after which all others were mere foils." The 
Doctor took a peculiar liking to Daniel from that monlent, 
and little else than a lasting friendship could be expected 
to flow from such a foundation as was then so kindly laid. 
This most welcome information had been communicated to 
the Doctor's eav on the evening previous, and he had now 
omc prepared to present her (with his own hand, and the 


hey had met 

our hearts to be 
iv us to forget it. 
you also, and we 

all, and then we 

)ly to the old 
; and after a 
our omnibus, 

just at hand 
occurrence for 
, been endea- 
lity at one and 
came on, and 
'ud the breach 

Indians in re- 
muscments at 
and, as usual, 
was there as 
uite miserable 
n language, or 
niel had taken 
ic whole story 
c him, at the 
of him, the 
him the first 
foils." The 
1 that moment, 
d be expected 
so Idndly laid, 
mmunicated to 
d he had now 
hand, and the 



most gracious smile, and at the end of the platform) a string 
of '.vampum from his own neck, and a v:hite feather with two 
spots of red painted on it, to which he pointed with great 
energy, and some expression that she heard, but did not 
understand. The "fair dame " held her exciting present in 
her hand during the evening, with some little occasional 
trepidation, expecting to draw from Daniel some key to 
the meaning of the mysterious gift as she was leaving the 
rooms. 'J'his hope proved vain, hov.'ever ; for Daniel, 
it seems, was not yet deep enough in Indian mysteries to 
answer her question, and she carried the present home, with 
its mysterious meaning, to ruminate upon until the riddle 
could be solved. 

Mr. Melody and I visited the Indians in their apartments 
that evening after their exhibition was over, and taking a 
beefsteak and a cup of coffee with them, we found them 
still in high glee, and in good humour for gossip, which ran 
chiefly upon the immense looking-glasses they had seen 
(and " forgot to measure"), and the chichabohhoo, which they 
pronounced to be first-rate for a grand feast, which it would 
be their duty to get up in a few days to thank the Great 
Spirit for leading them all safe over the ocean, and to ensure 
their safe return when they should be ready to go. I then 
told them of the kind of chickabohboo that the Qjibbeways 
liked very much, and of which I had allowed each one 
glass every day at his dinner, and also at night after 
their dances were done, and which the physicians thought 
would be much better for them than the strong coifee they 
were in the habit of drinking; that I had talked with 
Mr. Melody on the subject, and he was quite willing, 
with me, that they should have it in the same way, provided 
they liked it. 

'■^ How, how, how!^^ they all responded; and while the 
servant wap gone for a jug of ale, I explained to them that 
we did not consider that this was breaking their solemn 
promise made to us, " 7iot to drink spirit.vous liquors." I 
stated to them, also, that it was possible to get drunk by 

;" ■ '.*" 



: !(] 


■ 'If. 



I 'ii 


: i|vi 





drinking chickahohhoo ; and if any of them drank so 
much of it as to produce that effect, we should con- 
sider it the same as if they had got drunk by driuking 

The ale came in foaming, and being passed round, they 
all decided that " it was good, but not quite so good as that 
the kind lady gave us at the feast to-day." 

These evening gossips with these good-natured fellows in 
their own rooms, after their day's work and excitements 
were over, became extremely pleasing to me ; so completely 
reviving the by-gone pleasures I had felt in whiling away 
the long evenings in their hospitable wigwams, when I was 
a guest in their remote country, amused with their never- 
ending fund of anecdotes and stories. 

Cn the next morning, or the day after, at an early hour, 
Daniel announced to the Indians that there was a reverend 
gentleman in the sitting-room who wished to see them a 
little while, and to have some talk with them if possible. 
Daniel had taken this liberty, as he had heard Mr. Melody 
and myself say that we should feel disposed to promote, as 
far as Ave could, all such efforts. The Indians had not yet 
had their breakfasts, which were nearly ready, and felt a 
little annoyed; the War-chief observing "that they had had 
a long council with some clergymen, and had said to them all 
they had to say, and thought this gentleman had better go 
and see and talk with theni ; and another thing, as he be- 
lieved that Chippehola * had written in a book all that he 
and the clergymen had said, he thought he might learn it 
all by going to him." 

Daniel whispered to him, in an earnest manner, that 
" this was a Catholic jyriest, a different kind of religion alto- 
gether." This created some little surprise and conversation 
around the room, that the white people should have two 
kinds of religion ; and it was at last agreed diat the War- 
chief and Jeffrey should step into the other room a few 

* The author. 






minutes and sec him, the White Cloud saying " he did not 
care about going in." 

It seems that Jeffrey took some interest in this gentleman, 
as the little that his ancestors had learned of rclii^ion had 
been taught them by Roman Catholic clergymen, who have 
been the first to teach the Christian religion in most parts 
of the American wilderness. The conversation and manner 
of the priest also made some impression on the mind of 
the War-chief; and as they heard the others using their 
knives and forks in the adjoining room, they took leave of 
the reverend gentleman, agreeing to a council with him and 
a number of his friends in a few days, IVhite Cloud and 
IFash-ka-mon-ya excited much laughter and amusement 
amongst the party, on learning that the War-chief had ap- 
pointed another council, " when he was to make his talk all 
over again." They told him " they expected to take him 
home a preacher, to preach white man's religion when he 
got back ;" and they thought he had better get a " black 
coat " at once, and be called '■'■Black-coat to the party of loway 
Indians y 

The next day after the above interview, Daniel again 
announced to the chiefs and Jeffrey that there were two 
reverend gentlemen waiting to see them, who had seen Mr. 
Melody on the subject, and were to meet him there at that 
hour. White Cloud told the War-chief, that " as he had 
promised to meet them, he must do it ; but as for himself, 
he would rather not see them, for he was not well." Wash- 
ka-mon-ya laughed at the old chief and Jeffrey as they went 
out. "Now," said he, "for your grand council!' The 
War-chiof lit his long l)ipc, and he and Jeffrey entered the 
room ', but finding they were not the persons whom they 
were expecting to meet, they had a few words of conversa- 
tion with them, taking care not to ai)proach near to the 
subject of religion, and left them, as they had some other 
engagements that took up their time. 

There was much merriment goijig on in the meantime in 
the Indians' room, and many jok^S'lel^dy for the War-chief 






■ ' « 

'i f 






I mi'l 





and Jeffrey when ihoy should get hack, as Daniel had 
returned to their room, and told them that, by the cut of 
their clothes and their manners, ? ^was quite sure that these 
two gentlemen were of a ditfercnt religion still; he believed 
they were Methodist jn'cachers. 

The War-chief, who wa? always dignified and contem- 
plative in his manners, and yet susceptible of good humour 
and jokes, returned to the Indians' room at this time, 
apparently quite insensible to the mirth and the remarks 
around him, as he learned from the Indians, and got the 
confirmation from Daniel, that this was the iliird kind of 
religion, and that there were the Baptists, the Jeios, and 
several other kinds yet to come. He seated himself on his 
robe, which he spread upon the floor, and taking out of 
his pouch his Hint and steel, and spunk, struck a light in 
the true Indian way (though there was fire within reach 
of his arm), and, lighting his pipe, commenced smoking. 
During this silent operation he seemed downcast, and in 
profound meditation. Mr. Melody and I entered the room 
at this moment, but seeing the mood he was in, did nothing 
to interrupt the train of his thoughts. When his pipe 
was smoked out, he charged it again with tobacco, but 
before lighting it he laid it aside, and straightening his 
long limbs upon the floor, and drawing another buffalo robe 
over his body and his head, he went to sleep.* 

This was the day for " seeing the Giants," and they were 
soon after announced as having arrived, according to 
appointment. During one oi' the Indians' exhibitions there 

* Though the ohl War-chief, who was their speaking oracle on the sub- 
ject of religion, remained sad and contemplative, there was daily much con- 
versation and levity amongst the rest of the party on the subject of the " six 
religions of white men," which they bad discovered ; and either Jim or the 
little *' commanding general " (son of the War-chief), both of whom were 
busy with their pencils, left on the table for my portfolio the subjoined cu- 
rious, but significant illustnition of their ideas of white man's parai'is'«, and 
the six different modes of getting to it. Plate No. 11 is afac simile of this 
curious document, which the reader will appreciate on examination. 

Ut ,;, 


1 Daniel bad 
by the cut of 
irc that these 
; he believed 

and contcm- 
good humour 
at this time, 
the remarks 
, and got the 

iliird kind of 
the Jews, and 
himself on his 
taking out of 
uck a light in 
! within reach 
need smoking. 

ivncast, and in ^ ^ ^^^ji-T^ J^M^- i 1 '/ "^ I- 

;ered the room 

in, did nothing 

^hen his pipe 

L tobacco, but 

aightening his 

^r buffalo robe 

and they were 

according to 

hibitions there 

oracle on the sub- 
as daily much con- 
subject of the " six 
d either Jim or the 
oth of whom were 
o the subjoincfi cu- 
iian's paracMs", and 
afac simile of this 



' 'i 

:>; n 


i i 



had boLMi a great excitement produced amongst them by 
the appearance in the crowd, of two immense persons, a 
man and a woman, who stood nearl}' the whole length of 
their bodies above the heads of others about them ! This 
had excited the amazement of the Indians so much, that for 
a while they stopped their dances, to sit down and smoke a 
pipe. They must necessarily make some sacrifice on such 
an occasion, and it was decided to be done with a piece of 
tobacco, which being duly consecrated by them, was carried 
by the Doctor (the medicine man) to an adjoining room, and 
burned in the fire. 

There were no questions asked by the Indians about 
these unaccountable people, where they came from, &c., 
but they wished me to invite them to call at thiir lodgings 
at No. 7, St. James's-street, the next day at twelve o'clock, 
where they would be glad to see them a little while. This 
wish was communicated to them in a note which I wrote on 
my knee, and was passed to them over the heads of the 
audience ; the giant man read it, and smiling, nodded his 
head, accepting of their invitation. This pleased the 
Indians, who all joined in sounding the war-whoop. These 
two extraordinary personages proved to be the well-known 
*' Norfolk giants," uho were brother and sister, and walking 
" arm-in-arm,*' so high that the eye of an ordinary man 
was just on a level with the apron string of the fair damsel ; 
and the waist of the brother was, of course, yet some inches 
higher. I regret that I have not preserved the exact 
elevation of these two extraordinary persons, which I took 
pains to procure, but have somehow mislaid. 

The invitation thus given brought them on their present 
visit to the Indians, who had great satisfaction in shaking 
their hands, and closely inspecting them : and not many 
minutes after their arrival a scene ensued that would have 
made a sick man laugh, or a rich subject for the pencil of 
Hogarth. The Indians had sent Daniel for a ball of twine, 
which they had unfolded upon the floor, and each one 
having cut off a piece of sufficient length, was taking for 

H I 

i i 



himself the measure of the '•^ giant man,^^ from head to foot 
• — from hand to hand, his arms extended — the span of his 
waist — his breast and his logs — the length of his feet, and 
his fingers; and tying knots in their cords to indicate each 
proportion. In the midst of all this, the Doctor presented 
the most queer and laughable point in the picture, as ho 
had been a])plyip >; his string to the back of the fair damsel, 
having t "n ■ ■. length, from the top of her head to the 
floor, ana ; r "• .' knot in his cord at the place where the 
waist of htr . ivVt- Intersected it; he had then arrested the 
attention of all, and r sentod his singular dilemma, when 
he stood with both ends of his cord in his hands, contem- 
plating the enormous waist and other proportions before 
him, which he coveted for other knots on his string, but 
which his strict notions of gallantry were evidently raising 
objections to his taking. 1 whispered to him, and relieved 
him from his distressing state of uncertainty, by saying I 
thought he had been particular enough, and he withdrew, 
but with a sigh of evident regret. 

They insisted on the f/iant and f/iantcss receiving from 
them some little keepsakes of trinkets, &c., as evidences 
of the pleasure they had afforded them by calling on 

This extraordinary occurrence, like most others of an 
exciting or interesting nature which these jovial and funny 
fellows met with, made subject for much subsequent anec- 
dote and amusement. Wash-ha-mon-ya (the fast dancer), 
a big-mouthed and waggish sort of fellow (who for 
brevity's sake was called, in English parlance, "Jim"), was 
continually teasing the Doctor about his gallantry amongst 
the ladies ; and could rather easily and coolly do it, as he 
was a married man, and had his wife constantly by the side 
of him. He had naturally an abundant stock of wit and 
good humour, and being so much of a wag withal, he was 
rather a painful companion for the Doctor all the way, 
and was frequently passing jokes of a cruel as well 
as of a light and amusing kind upon him. It was known 



to the whole party that there was no record kept of the 
length and breadth of the rfiaut lady, except the one that 
the Doctor had taken, and carefully rolled up and i)Ut away 
in a little box, amongst other precious things, at the head 
of his bed, and which he generally used as his pillow. It 
was known also that much stress would be laid upon this 
in his own country, when they returnL>d home, as something 
which the rest of the party could not produce, and which 
for him, therefore, would be of great and peculiar interest 
t.hcre, and probably on other occasions, when it might be 
proper to refer to it as a thing he could swear t'-^ as a 
subject of interest in this country. Jim's best jok*. () o 
most Indian jokes) were those which no one else akf \ 
share in ; and a piece of the twine that had caug> ' ii-s eye 
as it was lying upon the floor, probably first sugg';%"ri the 
wicked idea of being cut about two feet lon^j r than the 
Doctor's measure of the fair giantess, and with a n i. about 
one foot higher than the one made for her waist, and of 
being rolled up in the same way, and slipped (in place of the 
other) into the same corner of the box, to which the Doctor 
had a key, but, according to all Indian practice, he never 
made use of it. The sequel to all this, and the fun it might 
have subsequently made for " Jim," with his " big mouth," 
the reader may as well imagine here, or patiently wait till 
we come to it. 

In the afternoon the Catholic clcrgjman called with a 
couple of friends, for the interview which Jeffrey and the 
War-chief had promised. Mr. Melody sent me word when 
they called, and I came to the meeting, having taken a 
great interest in these interviews, which were eliciting 
opinions from the Indians which arc exceedingly difficult to 
obtain in any other way, and which I was careful on all 
occasions to write down, as translated at the time. These 
opinions, however unimportant they may seem to be, I am 
sure many of my readers will find to be of curious interest ; 
and I fully believe, if rightly appreciated, of much impor- 

I ■ 


Si K 




, i' 

I ""I 



: ^ 

tance in directing future efforts to the right points in en- 
deavouring to impress upon these ignorant and benighted 
people the importance of education, and a knowledge of the 
true Christian religion. 

On this occasion Wash-ha-mon-ya (or " Jim,** as I shall 
often call him) endeavoured to make himself conspicuous by 
teasing the War-chief and Jeffrey about "going to l)ray 
with t! . black-coats," and springing upon his feet, took his 
tomahawk in his hand, and throwing off his robe, jumped to 
the middle of the floor, where, naked down to the hips, he 
landed, in an attitude not unlike that of the colossal statue 
of Rhodes. lie frowned a moment ujurn all around him, 
and then said, "Let me go in — I have said nothing yet; I 
want to make a sjjecch to the black-coats." 

White-cloud, who was at that moment taking up his robo 
to accom])any Jeffrey and the War-chief to the " talk," very 
mildly said to Jim, that " he would look much more re- 
spectful if he would sit down again and hold his tongue, for 
these were very good people who were calling to talk with 
them, and must be treated with respect, however their 
opinions might differ from those of the Indians." This 
severe rebuke from the chief instantly silenced Jim, who 
quietly and respectfully joined the rest of the party, at 
White-cloud's request, who seated themselves in the room 
where the talk was to be held. The pipe was lit and pass- 
ing around, while one of the reverend gentlemen stated the 
views with which they had copic to visit them, and asked 
the Indians if it was perfectly convenient and agreeable for 
them to hear what they had to say, to which the chief 
replied in the affirmative. The reverend gentleman then 
j)roceeded with his remarks upon the importance of educa- 
tion and religion, the nature of which the reader can easily 
imagine, and save the time it would require to record them 
here. To these the chiefs and all the party (excepting Jim 
and the Doctor, who had fallen asleep) listened with patience 
and profound silence, as the pipe was passin,^ around. The 
reverend gentleman having finished, the Wur-chief took a 


TMK wau-ciiii:fs ukply. 



fow dco])-(lra\vn breaths through the ])ii!C, and passing it 
along, said — 

"My FrionJs, — I speak for the chief who is here, and not very well. 
My woriij nrc his words, and the words of ail our party. VVc have heard 
what you had to say, Ijecauso we iiad proniisc<l to do so. 

" My Friends,— We have talked • 'ly tinios on tliis siilyoct, and some of 
our talks have been long ; but at this time our words will be few, for wo 
arc weary, and as we have before said, wo are j)oor, and onr wives and chil- 
dren are hunj^ry, and w(! have come over here to try to niako some money 
to pet them warm clothes and food to eat. (Hou\ how, how!) 

*' My Friends, — Many of our children are now in schools in our country, 
and the ^ good booh' which is in your hands is in their hands at this time. 
We l)elieve that the Great Spirit has made our rclif.'ion pood and sufKcient 
for us if we do not in any way ottend him. We see the religion of the white 
people dividing into many paths, and we cannot believe that it is pleasing 
to the Great Spirit. The Indians have but one road in iheir religion, and 
they all travel in that, and the Great Spirit has never told them that it was 
not right, 

" My Friends, — Our ears have been open since we came hero, and the 
words we have heard are friendly and good ; but we see so many kinds of 
religion, and so many people drunk and begging when we ride in the streets, 
that we arc a little more afraid of white man's religion than we were beibro 
we came here. 

" My Friends, — The Indians occupied all the fine hunting grounds long 
before the white men came to them, but the white men own them nearly 
all now, and the Indians' hunting grounds are mostly all gone. The In- 
dians never urge white men to take up their religion, they are satisfied to 
have them take a difi'erent road, for the Indians v\isli to enjoy their hunting 
groimds to themselves in the world to come. (How, fioiv, how .') 

" My Friends, — We thank you, and shall wish the Great Spirit may bo 
kind to you. I have no more to say." 

Thus ended the convcr.sation this time, and the Indians 
all rising (except the Doctor, who was still asleep) shook 
hands with the clergymen and retired to their own room. 

These excellent gentlemen then expressed to Mr. Melody 
and myself their high admiration and respect for them as 
men, and said that they could make every allowance for 
them, travelling here oidy for the laudable objects which 
they had so clearly explained, and their patience taxed in 
so many instances as I had mentioned, of a similar nature. 
They agreed that it would be cruel to urge them to listen 

' ■ Jil 






any furthor under their ])re8ent cirounistanccs, and that 
they had already exercised far greater patience than white 
men would in a similar condition. They said they should 
feel bound to call on another day (and did so), not to lalk 
with them about religion, but to bring them some presents 
that would be servJccablo to their wives and little children, 
and took leave. 

( <'.'J ) 


i '• 



The Doctor and Jim visit several churches — The Indians in St. Puul's— 
In Westminster Abbey — The exhibition at the Ilall — The Doctor agrees 
to go in the carriage of the " iolly fut datne " — Mr. Melody objects — 
The Doctor's rr 'ancholy — IndiauJ stop the bus to talk with Lascars — 
Make them presents of money — Indians discover chiclutbobhou-atjs (gin- 
palaces) — and ladies lying down in their carriages reading books — Cliim- 
e-gotch-ees (or fish) — Jim's story of " Fish " — Experiments in mesmerism 
— Wash-ka-mon-ya (Jim) mesmerized — The Doctor's opinions on mes- 
merism — loways in Lord's Cricket-ground — Archery and ball-playing — 
Encampment — Wigwams — Indians invited by Mrs. Lawrence to Ealing 
Park — Their kind reception — Their Iloyal Highnesses the Duko and 
Duchess of Cambridge — The Princess Mary — The Duchess of Gloucester 
— The Hereditary Grand Duke and Duchess, and other distinguished 
guests — Amusements — Beautifnl grounds — Indians dine on the lawn — 
Roast beef and plum-pudding — Chichabobboo — Alarm of the parrots — 
Doctor's superstition — Chickubobboo explained — Speech of the War- 
chief — Taking leave — Fright of the poor birds — Handsome presents — 
Conservatory — The Doctor's ideas of it — Indians visit Surrey Zoological 
Gardens — Fright of the birds and animals- -Indians sacrifice tobacco to 
the lion and the ratrlc-snakcs. 

Mr. Melody, feeling the high importance of the charge of 
these fourteen wild people intrusted to his hands by the 
Government while they were to see the sights of a foreign 
country, and feeling the strongest attachment to them per- 
sonally, wa: stimulated to every exertion by which h :; could 
properly open their eyes to the benefits of civilization, and 
consequently was inquiring from day to day "what shall 
be shown them next ?" 

I had also, with feelings of the highest respect for the 
chiefs of the nation, knowing them to be of the party, 
enlisted my .warmest exertions in their behalf, and resolved 
to render them, in all ways I could, the aid that was due 


A ' 

> i 

1 i,| 



from mc for their hospitality which benefited me when I was 
in their country. 

With these views wo continued our omnibus in driving 
them about the City and country, and one or the other 
of us was almost daily accompanying them to some in- 
stitution or public works from which they might derive 
some useful information. To these they generally went 
together and in their native dresses, but there were others 
where their costumes and their paint would render them 
too conspicuous, and for such purposes two or three suits of 
clothes, beaver hats and wigs, became necessary for such a 
number as wished at any time to look further (and un- 
observed) into the arcana and hidden mysteries of the great 
metropolis. And the reader will be ready to exclaim 
with me, that the field before us was a vast and bound- 
less one. 

The two most ambitious to profit by such adventures 
were " Jim " (as I have before denominated him) and 
the " Doctor ;" the frst, from a peculiar faculty he had 
of learning the Enjjflish language (in which he was making 
daily progress), and a consequent 'nsatiable desire to see 
and learn the modes, and everything he could, of white 
people, excepting their religion; and the second, from an 
indomitable desire to look in everywhere and upon every- 
thing, more for the pleasure of gratifying a momentary 
curiosity, and enjoying a temporary smile, than from any 
decided ambition to carry home and adopt anything, unless 
it might be a vapour-bath, or something of the kind, in the 
way of his profession, 

In frock-coats and beaver hats, and boots, with a large 
stick or an umbrella under the arm, and the paint all 
washed off, there was not much in the looks of these two 
new-fangled gentlemen to attract the public gaze or re- 
mark ; and consequently little in the way of the sights 
and treasures of London being opened to their view. 

From the time that this expedient was adopted, our avo- 
cations became more diversified and difficult ; our anxieties 



j^rrsts^n^BSf^ ' 

• when 1 was 



and cares increased, and with theni our amusement : for 
with Melody the sights of'LoncUm were as yet prospective ; 
and with me, whether old or new, I met them with an equal 
relish with my unsophisticated brethren from the wilder- 

The amusement of " trying on " and '• getting the hang " 
of the new dresses made merriment enough for the party 
for one day ; and all but these two were quite willing to 
forego all the pleasures they could afford, rather than cover 
their cool and naked heads with beaver hats, their shoulders 
with frock-coats, and substitute for their «oft and pliant 
mocassins and leggings of buckskin, woollen pantaloons and 
high-heeled boots. The two wiseacres, however, who had 
adoi)ted them were })hilosopliers, and knew that they were 
only for certain occasions, after which they were to be 
dropped off, and their limbs " at home again "' in their light 
and easy native dresses. They were obliged, on such occa- 
sions (to be in keeping), to leave their long and ornamented 
])ipes and tomahawks behind, and (not to lose the indis- 
j)ensable luxury of smoking) to carry a short and handy 
civilized pipe, with their tobacco, and a box of lucifers, in 
their pockets. 

Header, pray don't try to imagine what a figure these 
two copper-coloured "swells" cut, when they first sallied 
forth in their new attire, for it will be in vain : but behold 
them and me, in the future pages of this book, and when 
their dresses had got to work easy, profiting by gazing 
upon the wonders and glories of civilization, which we 
never otherwise could have beheld together. 

As one of the first fruits of the new expedient (and while 
the subject was fresh and revolving in the minds of all), 
there was now a chance of gratifying the Doctor's desire to 
see the modes and places of worshij) of some of the different 
denominations of religion, of which he had heard so much, 
from Daniel and others, within the few days past. These 
visits were their first attem])ts in their assumed characters, 
and were mostly made in the company of Mr. Melody or 



1 \: 

Jeffrc;', and without any amusing results either for the 
congn gations or the loways, save an incident or two, such 
as must be expected in the first experiments with all great 
enterprises. The Doctor had been told that when he 
entered the Protestant Church, he must take his hat off 
at the door, and had ])ractised it before he started ; but, 
seeing such an immense number of ladies, he had unfortu- 
nately forgot it, and being reminded of it when he had 
been placed in his seat, his wig came off with it, exposing, 
but a moment however, his scal])-lock and the top of his 
head, where he had not deemed it necessary to wash off 
the red paint. 

In the Methodist cha])el, w !iere these two queer 
fellows had ventured one da) with Dani( 1, the sermon 
was long and tedious, and there was nothing observed 
curious excepting a blue smoke rolling up over the top 
of tlie pew, where the Doctor's l)ii)e hnd been lit, 
and hi« head sunk down between his knees; and one 
other occurrence, that afterwards happened in the heat of 
the exhortation from the pulpit, and much to the amuse- 
ment of the Doctor and Jim, of a young woman, in their 
immediate vicinity, who began to groan, then to sing, 
and at length tumbled down from her seat upon the 
floor. The Doctor thought at first she was very sick, and 
wondered there was no physician there :.o bleed her ; but 
when Daniel told him what was the matter, the old man 
smiled, and often talked about it afterwards. 

I took the whole party through Westminster Abbey and 
St. Pauls, whe^'e they stood and contcm})lated in amazement 
the works of human hands, so entirely beyond their compre- 
hension that they returned in reserved and silent contem- 

Returning again to the Exhibition-room at the Egyptian 
Hall, several evenings of which have passed by without 
mention, but much in the same way, we find the same ex- 
citement and applause, and the "jolly fat dame " at the 
end of the platform, nightly receiving the Doctor's imprcs- 





«ive smiles, whicli arc constantly ready for her ; and which 
by this time, aided by the continued coldness of the Roman- 
nose, were making visible inroads u])on her tender affections. 
She had had, it seemed, on this evening, some conversation 
■with the Doctor, through the interpreter, who had heretofore 
studiously ke])t out of the way, and she had invited the 
Doctor to ride to her house in her carriage, after the exhi- 
bition was over, believing that he would be able to find in 
her garden, some roots which he was in great distress to find, 
and that she would bring him home again safe. Mr. Melody 
objected to this, which seemed to puzzle the fair dame, and 
to throw the Doctor into a ]>rofound melancholy and de,jection. 
This rebuff from Mr. Melody was so unexpected and s( 
provoking, when she had so nearly accom])lished her object, 
that the good lady ])as.sed out of the room earlier than usual, 
and tossed her head about with her ostrich ])lumes as she 
])assed along in the crowd, without iiaving the heart to stop 
and speak a few words to Daniel, as she had been in the 
habit of doing. Mr. Melody retired with the Indians, and 
I remained after the crowd had left, at the solicitation of a 
party of ladies, who had sent me their card and wished to 
see me after the exhibition was over. The room being 
nearly emptied, 1 saw a i)arty of several fashionably-dressed 
ladies at the further end of the room, examining the paint- 
ings on the walls. In advancing towards then;, the one who 
seemed to be the leader of the party turned around and 
exclaimed, " Oh, here comes Mr. Catlin, I believe ?" 
"Yes, Madam, I am Mr. Catlin." "Oh, I am so happy 
to have the honour of seeing you, Sir, and of speak- 
ing to you — you have made all these paintings? " " Yes." 
"These Indians are curious fellows, and well worth seeing, 
but 1 consider you ten times more of a curiosity. Look 
hiirc, ladies, here's Mr. Catlin, the very man that 1 have so 
often told you about. Dear me, what dangers and hard- 
ships you must have been through ! Oh, I do think you 
are one of the wonders of the world — and not a grey hair in 
your head yet ! My dear Sir, I know your whole history — 





you 'd scarcely believe it — I know it ' like a book,' as they 
say. I recollect the very day when you started for India, 
and I have followed you the whole way — I have your book 
— I bought several co])ies to give to my friends ; I have 
read every word of it over and over ai;ain — and, oh ! it's 
wonderful— it's charming — one can't stop in it — there 's no 
stopping place in it. By the way, I don't suppose you were 
down much in the neighbourhood of Chusan (I 've got a 
ne[)hew there — a fine fellow — he 's a surgeon}. I suppose 
you kept pretty much back in the mountains? "^'ou had 
no object in coming down about the coast ; and they have 
had rather hot work there." " No, Madam, I had not the 
slightest object to take me near Chusan — 1 kept a great way 
back." " That was right ; oh, how judicious ! Oh, I have 
read your interesting work so often. By the way, these 
fellows are not from the coast -they are from a great way 
back, I dare say? ' "Yes, Madam, they are a great way 
in the interior." " I thought so, I knew so — I can tell, 
d' ye see — I can always tell a coaster. These are fine men — 
they grow tea, I su])pose, though ?" "No. these people 
don't grow tea." "Ah, well, it's late, we ',,011 i, take up 
your time; but I have been so happy to have seen you — 
glad, glad to see you home u'i' " to your native soil, and 
out of that plagued India. CJoi-d night." "Goodnight, 

As they left me, I turned round, and met a poor fellow 
aj)proaching me on one leg and a pair of crutches, ahd his 
wife holding on to his arm. He said he had been waiting 
some time to have the honour of speaking to mc before he 
left, having heard my name pronounced. He told me he 
lived at \\'oolwich, where he held some situation for life, as 
he had lost his leg in the service of his country, and it was 
a good living for him, luckily, though he had been so un- 
.brtniate as to lose his leg. 

" My wife and I (said he) ave long eard of this extro'nary 
h^'xibition, and she as often hax'd me to come to see it ; 
;i\id though we ave been off and lion about it a great 



many times, wc never got off together until this haftcr- 
noon — it's a wonderful sight, sir, hand wc are appy to avc 
seen you halso." 

I thanked the poor fellow, and asked him how he lost his leg. 

" It was done l)y the kick of a orse. Sir." 

" But your leg has been taken off above your knee." 

" Yes, Sir, the bone was broken, hand it ad to be ham- 

" It must have been very ])ainful ! " 

" Ah, hit urt a little ; though as for the pain of hampu- 
tation, I woudn't give a ])enny for it : but the loss of my leg 
is worth a great deal to me ; it's hall calcd up now, Sir, 
though it's very hunandy." 

This simple and unfortunate man and his very pretty 
little wife left me, and I repaired to the Indians' rooms in 
St. James's Street, where 1 found them finishing their sup- 
pers and taking their cliiehahohhoo. Here was in readiness 
a long catalogue of the adventures of the day — of things 
they had seen in their drive, &c., to be talked over, as well 
as the cruel jokes to be listened to, which they were all 
passing upon the poor Doctor, for the sudden failure of his 
prospects of digging roots in the lair dame's garden. 

There were many subjects r>f an amusing nature talked 
over by these droll fellows during the pipes of this evening, 
and one of the themes for their comments was the drive 
which we had given them in two open carriages t' ough 
Hyde Park, at the fashionable hour. They deci i that 
"the Park, along the banks of the Serpentine, n minded 
them of the ])rairies (m the shores of the Skunk and the 
Cedar rivers in their own country; and in fact, that some 
parts of it were almost exactly the same." ' 'ley were 
amused to see many of the ladies lying down .i> they rode 
in their carriages; and also, that many of the great chiefs, 
pointed out to them riding on horseback, "didn't know how 
to ride — that they were obliged to have a man riding a little 
behind them to ])ick them up if they should fall off." 

Jim, who was in an unusual good humour thi ovening, 



either from the effects of his chichnbohhoo or from some 
fine present he might have received in the room, seemed 
to be the chief " spokesman " for the evening, and for the 
purpose of assisting his imagination or aiding his voice 
had laid himself flat upon his back upon his robe, which was 
spread upon the floor. His loquacity was such, that there 
was little else for any of us to do than sit still and excessively 
laugh at the dryness of his jokes, and his amusing remarks 
upon the things they had seen as they were taking their 
ride on this and past mornings. He had now got, as has 
been said, a facility of using occasional words of English, 
and he brought them in once in a while with the most 
amusing effect. 

He said they had found another place where there were 
two more Ojibbcway Indians (as he called them), Lascars, 
sweeping the streets ; audit seems tli-^t after passing them 
they had ordered their bus to stop, and ^..Ued them up and 
shook hands, and tried to talk with them. They could 
speak a few words in English, and so could Jim : he was 
enablad to ask them if they weic Ojibbeways, and they to 
answer, " No, they were xMussulmen." " Where you live ? " 
"Bombay." "You sweep dirt in the road?" "Yes." 
" Dam fool ! " Jim gathered a handful of pennies and gave 
them, and they drove off. 

It seemed that in tiieir drive this day, Jim and the 
Doctor had both rode outside, which had afforded to Jim 
the opportunity of seeing to advantage, for the first time, 
the immense number of " gin palaces," as they passed along 
the streets: and into which they could look from the top of 
th':! br.s, an',! distinctly see the great number of large kegs, 
an;l vbat was, •■•oing c^ inside. The Doctor had first dis- 
covevoA thorn i:i his numerous outside rides, and as he 
was not quite sure that he had riglitly understood tliem, 
hearing t' t +he English people detested drunkards so 
much, he 1. .d not ventured to say much about them. He 
had been a.: uois for the corroboration of J'/m'.s sharper 
eyes, and during this morning they had fully decided that 





the hundreds of such places they were in all directions pass- 
ing, were places where people went to drink chiclailuMoo, 
and they were called ddchahobhooays. The conversation of 
Jim and the Doctor enlarged very much on this grand dis- 
covery, and the probable eiTect? they had upon the London 
people. They had seen many women, and some of them 
with little babies in their arms, star.ding and lying around 
them, and they were quite sure that some of those women 
were drunk. Jim said that he and the Doctor had counted 
two or three hundred in one hour. Some of the party told 
him he had made his story too big, so he said he and the 
Doctor next day would mark them down (m a stick. Jim 
said there was one street they came through, where he 
hoped they would never drive them again, for it made their 
hearts sore to see so many women and little children all in 
dirty rags : they had never seen any Indians in the wilder- 
ness half so poor, and looking so sick. He was sure they 
had not half enough to eat. He said he thought it was 
wrong to send missionaries from this to the Indian' country, 
when there were so many poor creatures here who want 
their help, and so many thousands as they saw going into 
the chickahohbooags to drink fire-water. 

He said they came through a very grand street, where 
every thing looked so fine and s])lendid in the windows, and 
where the ladies looked so beautiful in their carriages, 
many of them lying quite down, and seemed as if they were 
very rich and hap])y ; and some of them lay in their car- 
riages, that were standing still, so as to let them read their 
books. And in this same grand street they saw a great many 
fine-looking ladies walking along the sides of the roads, and 
looking back at the gentlemen as they passed by them. 
These ladies, he and the Doctor observed, looked young, 
and all looked v^ry smiling, and they thought they wanted 
husbands. A great deal, Jim said, they had seen of these 
ladies as they were every day looking out of tlieir own 
windows in St. James's Street. A great many of these 
women, he said. Ix^have very curious; he said he didn't 





know for certain but sonic of these mitrht be chiine(/otches. 
This excited a tremendous laugh with the Doctor and 
several of the young men, and made some of thi' women 
smile, thoug'h it was rather hushed by the chiefs as an im- 
prudent word for Jim to a])j)ly in the ])rescnt case. This 
did little, however, to arrest the effects of Jim's joke, and 
he continued with some further ingenious embellishments, 
which set the chiefs into a roar, and Jim ♦hen ke])t the 
field. Melody and myself laughed also, not at the joke, for 
we did not understand it, but at their amusement, which 
seemed to be very great, and led us to inquire the meaning 
of chiincf/ofchcs. "Fish,"' said Jim, "fish!" We were still at 
a loss for the meaning of his joke ; and our ignorance being 
discovered, as well as our anxiety to know, they ])ro])osed 
that Jim should relate the story of Chimef/ofches, or " Fish." 
Some one was charging and lightiu" the l)il)e in the mean 
time, which was handed to him. as he rose and took a 
whiff or two, and then, resuming his former position, flat 
upon his back, he commenced — 

" When the great Mississipi)! river was a young and beautiful stream, and 
its waters were blue and eU'ar, and the loways lived on its banks, more 
tha'r a tliousand snows since, Aet-iio-giia, a young man of great beauty, and 
son cl a great chief, comphiincd that lie was sick. His appetite lult him, 
and iiis sleep was not good. His eyes, wliieh had been like those of the 
war-eagle, grew soft and dim, and sunk deep in his head. His lips, that had 
been the music for all about him, had become silont ; his breast, that had 
always been calm, was beating, and deep sighs showed that something was 
wrong witiiin. O-zn-pn, whose medicine was great, and to whom all the 
plants and roots of the i)rairies were known, was quite lost; he tried all, and 
all was in vain ; the fair son of the chief was wasting away, as each sweet 
breath that he breathed went olt' upon the winds, and never came back to 
him. Thus did Neltio-qua, tiie son of Ti-ah-/ia, ])ine aw^i" The medi- 
cine man told him at last that there was but one thing that could cure him, 
and that was attended with great danger. In his dream a small prairie 
snake had got upon a bush, and its light, which was that of the sun, oj)ened 
his eyes to its brightness, and his ears to its words : ' The son of 2'i-ali-ka 
grieves — this must not be — his breast must be quiet, and his thoughts like 
the quiet waters of the gliding brook; the son of 7i"-«A-A'« will grow like 
the firm rocks of the mountain, and the chiefs and warriors, who will de- 
scend from him, will grow like the branches of the spreading oak.' The 



mcdUiiie man said to tlic son of Ti-uh-ha tlial he must now take a small 
piece of the flesh from his side lor iiis bait, and in a certain cove on the 
bank of the river, the first fisli that lie rautrht was to be brouirht to his wig- 
wam alone, under his robe, and siie, wliose blood woidd become warm, would 
be to him like the vine that dinjrs around and throujrh the branches of the 
oak ; that then his eyes would soon shine again like those of the eagle ; the 
music of his lips would soon return, anil his troid)led lireast woidd again be- 
come calm, his appetite would be good, and his sleej) would be sweet and 
quiet like that of a babe. 

" Aet-no-quu stood u])on a rock, and when the hook, with a ])iecc of his 
side, ^A)' upon the water, the ])artiiig hair of Zf'/t-/^ (the river-born) was 
seen doating on the water, and its black and oily tresses were glistening in 
the sun as the water glided oti' from them ; and her li|)s were opening to 
enclose the iatal hook that raised her beautifid breasts above the water. 
Her round and delicate arms shone bright with their beauty as she extended 
them to the shore, and the river shed its tears over her skin as her beauti- 
ful waist glided through its surface, above which the strong and manly arm 
of Net-no-quu was gently raising her. The weepincr waves in sparkling 
circles clung around her swelling hips and pressing knees, until tlie Iblding 
robe of the son of Ti-ali-ka was over the wave and around her bending 
form. One hand still held her slim and tapering fingers, and with the other 
he encompassed her trembling form, as their ccpud steps took them from 
the shore and brought them to the wig-wam of Net-no-qna. His silent 
house was closed from the footstejis of t'le world ; her delicate arms clung 
around the neck of the son of the chief, and her i)lack and glossy tresses fell 
over and around his naked shoulders and mingled with his own. The same 
robe embraced them both, and her breath was purer than the blue waves 
from which she came. 'J'heir sleep was like the dre<ims of the antelope, 
and they awoke as the wild rose-buds open amidst the morning dew ; the 
breast of Net-no-qua was calm, his eyes were again like the eyes of the 
eagle, his a|)petitc was keen, and his lips sounded their nmsic in the ears 
of Lin-ta. She was lovely, she was the wife of the son of the chief, and 
like the vine that clings around and through the branches of the oak, did 
she cling to Net-no-quo. They were happy, and many have been the de- 
scendants that have sprung from the dreams of the son of Ti-ah-ka and 
the beautiful Lin-ta (the river-born). 

" 0-ne-(ih'n was the l)rother of Net-no-qua, and Di-ag-<joK was his cou- 
sin ; and tlwy were sick ; and they sat u|)on the rock in the cove in the 
river ; and the two sisters of Lin-ta shone as they lifted their graceful forms 
above the wave, and their beautiful locks spread as they floated cm the sur- 
face. The two young warriors sighed as they gazed upon them. The two 
sisters embraced each other as they glided through and above the waves. 
They rose to full view, and had no shame. The river ' shed no tears, nor 
did the sparkling waves hang in circles about their swelling hips and press- 
ing knees ;' and as they sank, tiiey beckoned the two young warriors, who 
followed them to their water-bound caves. They stole back in the morning, 



' I 

1 ') 

■ Li 



and were ashamed oiid sick. Tlicir tongues were not silent, and otlierv 
wont. The two sisters again showed their lovely (brnis as they glided above 
the water, and they beckoned all who came to their hidden caves, and all 
came home in the morning sick and sad, while every morning saw the son 
ol' the chief and his river-born Lin-ta calm and bright as the rising sun. 
Shame and fear they knew not, but all was love and happiness with them ; 
very diK'erent were the sisters of Lin-ta, who at length ventured from their 
caves at night, and strolled through the village ; they were hidden again at 
the return of the light. Their caves were the resorts of the young men, 
but the fair daughters of Lin-ta knew them not. 

"Such was the story of Lin-ta (the river-born) ; she was the loved of her 
husband, and the virtuous mother of her children. Her beautiful sisters 
were the loved of all men, but had no offspring. They live in their hidden 
caves to this day, and sometimes in the day as well as in the night are seen 
walking through the village, though all the Indians call them Cliim-ee- 
ffotch-es, that is, Co/d-hluods, or Fish." 

Jim got a round of applause for his story, though the 
Doctor thought he had left out some of the most essential 
and funny parts of it. Jim, however, seemed well content 
with the manner in which it was received, and continued to 
remark that he and the Doctor had come to the con- 
clusion that those beautiful young women, that they saw 
looking back at the gentlemen in the streets, as well as 
those who were standing in front of their windows, and bow- 
ing to them, and kissing their hands every day, must be 
" fish ; " and that in the great village of London, where so 
much chickahohhoo is drunk, there must be a great number 
of " fish." And they thought also that some of these they 
had seen in the Egyptian Hall when they were giving 
their dances. 

The above and other critiques of Jim upon London modes 
seemed to the chiefs to be rather too bold, and an impolitic 
position for Jim to take; and whilst their reprimands were 
being passed u])on him, the train of humour he had hap- 
pened to get into on that night turned all their remarks 
into jokes, and they were obliged to join in the irresistible 
merriment he produced on this occasion, merely from his 
having taken (as his wife had refused it on this evening, 
as it was just now discovered) the additional mug of his 
wife's chickahohhoo. 




t, and otlioi-ii 


glided above 9 

caves, and ull m 

b; suw the son ■ 

[ic risin|r sun. 9 

3 with them ; ^| 

'cd I'rum their ^| 

dden again at H 

c young men, H 

e loved of her tH 

?autit'ul sisters 

1 their hidden 

light are seen 

leni Chhn-ce- 

hough the 

jt essential 

ell content 

>ntinued to f 

J the con- | 

t they saw 1 

as well as | 

3, and bow- 

y, must be 

1, where so 

■ ■' 'm 

at number 

these they 

ere giving 

idon modes 


n impolitic 

lands were 


; had hap- 


ir remarks 




y from his 


lis evening, 


nug of his 


Much merriment was produced amongst the Indians 
about this time by an a])|)()intnunt tliat had been made to 
see some experiments in mesmerism, to be performed by 

a Dr. M at the Indians' rooms. The Doctor was 

received at the appointed hour, and brought with him a 
feeble and pale-h)oking girl of 14 or 15 years of age to 
o])erate upon. This had tr^en the Indians rather by sur- 
prise, as no one had fiiliy ex])laiiie(l the nattire of the 
o})erations to them. I got Jeffrey, however, to translate 
to them, as near as he could, tiie nature of this extraordi- 
nary discovery, and the etfeets it was to ])roduce; and the 
d()t)rs being closed, and the young woman ^ilaced in a chair, 
the mesmeriser commenced his mysterious ()])erations. I 
had instructed the Indians to remain perfectly still and 
not to laugh, lest they might hinder the operator, and pre- 
■jnt the desired effect. V\ ith one knee upon the floor, in 
front of her, and placing both of his extended thumbs (with 
his hands clenched) just in front of her two eyebrows, he 
looked her steadily in the face. This eccentric position and 
expression dis])osed Jim to laugh, and though he covered his 
huge mouth with his hand, and made no noise, still the 
irresistible convulsions in his fat sides shook the floor we 
were standing on ; and the old Doctor at the same time, 
ctpially amused, was liable to do less harm, for all his 
smiles and laughter, however excessive, were produced by 
the curious machinery of his face, and never extended 
further down than the chin or clavicles. The little patient, 
however, was seen in a few minutes to be going to sleep, 
and at length fell back in the chair, in the desired state of 
somnambulism. The operator then, by mesmeric influences, 
opened her eyes, without touchin>, them, and without waking 
her, and by the same influence closed them again. In 
the same way he caused her hand to close, and none of 
us could open it. Here our Doctor, who tried it, was 
quite at a stand. He saw the fingers of the operator 
})ass several times in front of it, and its muscles relaxed — it 
opened of itself He then brotight, by the same influence, 








■^ Ui |2.2 

[If B^ 

IL25 i 1.4 







(716) 872-4S03 








f i'-' 1 


' , ' 




lier left arm to her breast, and then the right, and chal- 
lenged the strength of any one in the room to unbend them. 
This was tried by several of us, but in vain ; and when his 
fingers were passed a few times lightly over them, they 
were relaxed and returned to their former positions. By 
this time the Indian women, with their hands over their 
mouths, began to groan, and soon left the room in great 
distress of mind. The chiefs, however, and the Doctor and 
Jim, remained until the experiments were all tried, and 
with unaccountable success. The operator then, by passing 
his fingers a few times over the forehead of his patient, 
brought her gradually to her senses, and the exhibition 
ended. The convulsions of Jim's- broad sides were now all 
tempered down into cool quiet, and the knowing smiles of 
the old Doctor had all run entirely off from, and out of, the 
furrows of his face, and a sort of painful study seemed to 
be contracting the rigid muscles that were gathering over 

The chiefs pronounced the unaccountable operation to be 
the greatest of medicine, and themselves quite satisfied, as 
they retired ; but the old Doctor, not yet quite sure, and 
most likely thinking it a good thing for his adoption among 
the mysteries of his profession in his own country, was dis- 
posed to remain, with his untiring companion Jim, until 
some clue could be got to this mystery of mysteries. With 
this view he had the curiosity of feeling the little girl's 
pulse, of examining and smelling the operator's fingers, &c., 
and of inquiring whether this thing could be done by any 
others but himself; to which I replied, that it was now being 
done by hundreds all througii the country, and was no secret. 
The charm had then fled — it had lost all its value to the old 
Doctor. The deep thoughts ceased to plough his wrinkled 
face, and his self-sufficient, happy smiles were again playing 
upon his front. His views were evidently changed. Jim 
caught the current of his feelings, and amusement was their 
next theme. The old Doctor " thought that Jtm could 
easily be frightened." and would be a good subject. It 




ight, and chal- 

o unbend them. 

1 ; and when his 

ver them, they 

■ positions. By 

ands over their 

room in great 

the Doctor and 

3 all tried, and 

:hen, by passing 

of his patient, 

the exhibition 

les were now all 

owing smiles of 

and out of, the 

tudy seemrd to 

gathering over 

operation to be 
lite satisfied, as 
quite sure, and 
idoption among 
)untry, was dis- 
lion Jim, until 
(^ster.'es. With 
he little girl's 
r's fingers, &c., 
30 done by any 

was now being 
d was no secret, 
alue to the old 

h his wrinkled 
again playing 
changed. Jim 
ment was their 

lat Jim could 

d subject. It 

I » 

i i 






V as proposed that Jim should thorefure take the chair, and 
it was soon announced to the squaws, and amongst them to 
his wife, that Jim had gone to sleep, and was mesmerised. 
They all fl(?w to the room, which upset the gravity of his 
broad mouth, and, with its movements, as a matter of 
course, the whole hearing of his face ; and the operator's 
fingers being withdrawn from his nose, he left the chair 
amidst a roar of laughter. It was then proposed that the 
old Doctor should sit down and be tried, but he resisted 
the invitation, on the grounds of the dif/nity of his professiun, 
which he got me to explain to the medical man, whom he 
was now evidently disposed to treat rather sarcastically, and 
his wonderful performance as a piece of extraordinary 
juggling, or, at least, as divested of its supposed greatest 
interest, that of novelty. He told him " that there was 
nothing new or very wonderful in the operation, that he 
could discover; it was no more than the charm which the 
snakes used to catch birds ; and tho more frightful and 
ugly a man's face was, the better he could succeed in it. 
He had no doubt but many ill-looking men amongst white 
people would use it as a mode of catching pretty girls, 
which they could not otherwise do, and therefore it would 
be called amongst white people a very useful thing." 

"All the medicine-men (said he) in the Indian country 
have known for many years how to do the same thing, and 
what the white people know of it at this time they have 
learned from the Indians; but I see that they don't yet 
half know how to do it; that he had brought a medicine dress 
all the way with him for the ver}'^ purpose, and if the mes- 
meriser would come the next morning at 9 o'clock, he 
should see him with it on, and he would engage to frighten 
any white lady to sleep in five minutes who would take a 
good look at him without winking or laughing." The mes- 
meriser did not come, though the Doctor was on the spot 
and ready. {Plate No. 12.) 

An eveni which they had long been looking for with 
great solicitude took place about this time — the prorogation 

' il 

' 1', 


■ •\ 



:' f 

of Parliaiiu'nt, which alTordi'd the ])Oor fellows their only 
opjiortuiiity of seeinjj; the (^ueen. They were driven off in 
good seivson in their bus, and succeeded in getting the 
most favourable view of the (^ueen and the Prince as they 
were ])assing in the state-carriage; and, to use their own 
words for it, "The little Queen and the Prince both ]>ut 
their faces (juite out of their carriage of gold to look at us 
and bow to us.'' There is no doubt but by the kindness of 
the j)olice thoy were indulged in a favourable ]K)sitioii and 
luid a very satisfactory view of Her Majesty the Queen, and 
it i equally certain that they will never cease to s])eak of 
the splendour of the eifecl of the grand pageant as long as 
they li'e. 

The nightly excitements and amusements going on at the 
l']gy|)tian llall were increasing the ])ublic anxiety to see 
these curious ])co])le more at large, and we resolved to 
])rocure some suitable ground for the ])ur|)ose, where their 
active limbs could be seen in full motion in the o])en air, as 
they are seen on their native prairies with their ball-sticks, 
in their favourite game of the ball, and the use of their 
bows and arrows, all of which they had brought with them, 
but could not use in their amusements at the Hall. Their 
dances, &c., were, however, to be ke])t up as usual, at 
night ; and for their afternoon exercises in the open air, an 
arrangement was made for the use of " Lord's Cricket 
Ground," and on that beautiful field (])rairic, as they called 
it) they amused thousands, daily, by their dances, archery, 
and ball-])laying.* For this pur})ose an area of an acre or 

* This is, undoubtedly, the favourite and most nmnly and exciting game 
of the Nortti American Indians, and often played by three or four hundred 
on a side, who venture their horses, robes, weapons, and even the very 
clothes upon their backs, on the issue of the game. For this beautiful 
game two byes or goals are established, at three or four hiuuired }ards from 
each other, by erecting two poles in the ground for eacli, four or five feet 
a|)art, between which it is the strife of either party to force the ball (it hav- 
ing been tiirow n up at a point lialf-way between) by catching it in a little 
hoop, or racket, at the end of a stick, three teet in length, held in both 
hands as they run, throw ing the ball an inunense distance when they get it 




tws tlieir only 
' driven oil' in 
1 jfc'tting the 
Prince as tliey 
use their own 
ince l)oth ])ut 
I to look at us 
he kindness of 
L> ]K)sitiou and 
he Queen, and 
se to s])eak of 
•ant as lonj^ as 

joinir on at the 

anxiety to see 

ve resolved to 

je, where their 

he o])en air, as 

leir hall- sticks, 

c use of their 

;ht with them, 

Hall. Their 

> as usual, at 

le open air, an 

ords Cricket 

as they called 

anccs, archery, 

I of an acre or 

and exciting game 
rv or four hundred 
nd even the very 
or this beautiful 
nuired }urds from 
four or five feet 
the ball (it liav- 
L-hing it in a little 
glh, held in both 
when they get it 

two was enclosed by a ro])e, and ]trotected for their amuse- 
ments hy the ])oli(e. To this tlu> visitors advanced on 
every side, and seemed dcli<jjhted with their rude a|)j)ear- 
ance and native sports. 'J'his arrangement afforded the 
Indians the o])|)ortunity of showing their games and amuse- 
ments to the greatest advantage, and also of meeting again 
the acqtiaiiitances they had made at the P^gyptian Hall, and 
shaking hands with all wlio filt disj)oscd to do them that 
honour. They had also brought with them, to illustrate 
the whole of Indian life, no less than three tents (wig-wams) 
made of bulfalo hides, curiously but rudely ])ainted, which 
the scjuaws daily erected on the ground, in j)resencc of the 
s])ectator.s, forniiug by no means the least accurate and 
pleasing ])art of the exhibition. 

The beautiful scenes ]>reseuted there could be repeated 
but a few days, owing to other uses to be made of the 
grounds; but during that time they were visited by vast 
numbers of the nobility of London, and several members 
of the lloyal Family. The incidents of those days,, which 
vcre curious and many, must be ])assed over, excej)ting that 
the Doctor daily beheld in front of the crowd, and at full 
length, the "jolly fat dame," to whom he as often advanced, 
with a diffident smile, to receive a beautiful rose, which she 
handed to him over the ro|)c. 

These amusements in the open air in the daytime, with 
the dances, &c., at the Hall in the evenings, with iheir 
"drive" in the morning, and civil attentions to persons 
calling on them at their rooms, now engrossed completely 
all their time, and they were actually compelled to give 
offence to some parties who called on them, and to whom 
they could not devote the time. Amongst those were 
several deputations from public schools, of clergymen, and 

in the stick. This game is always played over an extensive prairie 
or meadow, and the confusion and laughable scrambles for the ball when 
it is falling, and often sought for by two or three hundred gathered to 
a focus, are curious and amusing beyond the reach of any description or 

?r ■' 



Sunday school teachers ; and also three very excellent 

Christian ladies in a ])arty, one (»f whom, Mrs. E . 1 was 

well acquainted with, and knowing her extensive Christian 
and charitahlc labours, I had encourau;ed to call, as she had 
expressed a strong desire to talk with them on the subject 
of religion. They aj)|)ealed to me, and I desired them to 
call at another hour, which they did, and 1 said to the chief 
that there was another |)ro])osiiion for a talk on the subject 
of religion. This seemed to annoy them somewhat, and 
after smoking a l)il)c, they decided not to see them. I then 
told them that they were three ladies ; this seemed to startle 
them for a few moments, but they smoked on, and finally 
the War-chief said " it was a subject on which, if they had 
anything more to say, they would rather say it to the men 
than to women — they can talk with our women if they like." 
I then invited the Indian women into the room, and Jeffrey 
interpreted for the ladies, who had a long conversation 
with them, but, as the ladies afterwards told me, few words 
on the subject of religion: as to the first questions on that 
subject, the squaws answered that they left that mostly to 
their husbands, and they thought that if they loved their 
husbands, and took good care of their children, the Great 
Spirit would be kind to them. These kind ladies called the 
next day and left them fourteen Bibles and some other very 
useful presents, and their ])raycrs for their happiness, 
feeling convinced that this was the most effectual and best 
way of maWng lasting and beneficial impressions on their 

One of the very high compliments paid them from the 
fashionable world was now before them, and this being the 
day for it, all parties were dressing and ])ainting for the occa- 
sion. I had received a ver}- kind note from Mrs. Lawrence, 
inviting me to bring them to pay her a visit in her lovely 
grounds at Ealing Park, a few miles from the city of Lon- 
don. The omnibus was ready, and being seated, we were 
there with an hour's drive, and received on thi fine lawn in 
the rear of her house. Here was presented the most bcauti- 

" ] I 

f ; r 



fill scene which the loways helped to emhellish whilst they 
were in the kin<j(h)m — for nothinir more sweet can he seen 
than tliis little paradise, hemmed in with the richness and 
wildncss of its surrounding foliage, and its velvet carpet of 
green on which the Indians were standing and reclining, 
and the kind lady and her lloyal and noble guests, collected 
in groups, to witness their dances and other amusements. 
Thcii Hoyal Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of Cam- 
bridge, with the lovely Princess Mary, the Hereditary 
Grand Duke and Duchess of Mccklenburgh Strelitz, the 
Duchess of Gloucester, and many of the nobility, formed 
the ])arty of her friends whom this lady had invited, and 
who soon entered the lawn to meet these sons of the forest, 
and witness their wild sports. 

At the approach of the lady and her Royal party, the 
Indians all arose, and the chiefs having been introduced, 
half an hour or more was jjassed in a ccmversation with 
them, through JcfTrcy and myself, and an examination of 
their costumes, weapons, &c., when they seated themselves in 
a circle, and ])assing the i)ipe around, were j)reparing for a 
dance. The first they selected was their favourite, the eagle- 
dance, which they gave with great spirit, and my explana- 
tion of the meaning of it seemed to add much to its interest. 
{Plate No. 13.) After the dance they strung their bows and 
practised at the target, and at length Mr. Melody tossed 
up the ball, when they snatched up their ballsticks, which 
tliey had brought for the j)urpose, and darted over and 
about the grounds in the exciting game of the ball. This 
proved more amusing to the sjiectators than either of the 
former exercises, but it was short, for they soon lost their 
ball, and the game being completed, ihcy scatod themselves 
again, and with the jnpe were preparing for the tcarilaii/.e, 
in which, when they gave it, the beautiful lawn, and the 
forests around it, resounded with the shrill notes of the 
iLW'whoop, which the frightened parroquets and cockatoos 
saucily echoed back with a laughable effect, and a tolerable 
exactness. The pipe of peace (or calumet) dance was also 












M ' 



given, with the ])i|)C8 of ])eace in their haiKls, whicli they 
had brought out for the j>ur|>oHe. 

While these exciting scenes were goiiig on, the butler was 
busy spreading a white ch>th over a long table arranged 
on the lawn, near the house, and on it the luxuries that 
had been i)re])aring in the kitehen, for their dinners. 
This arranjieineiit was so timed that the roast beef was on 
and smoking just when their amusements were finished, and 
when the announcement was made that their "dinner was 
up," all parties moved in that direction, but in two divi- 
sions, the one to partake, and the other to look on and see 
how wild j)eo])le could handle the knife and fork. 'J'his 
was to be the last, though (as 1 could see by the anxiety of 
the s])Cctators) not the lv( aiHiisijK/ of their amusements, and 
it was in the event rendered ])eculiarly so to some of us, 
from the various parts which the kind and illustrious spec- 
tators were enabled to take in it, when in all their former 
amusements there was no possible way in which they could 
" lend a hand." h^very one could here assist in j)lacing a 
chair or handing a ])late, and the Indians being seated, all 
were ready and emulous, standing around the table and at 
their elbows, to perform some little office of the kind, to 
assist them to cat, and to make them comfortable. His 
Royal Highness proi)osed that 1 should take my stand at 
the head of the table, before a huge sirloin of roast beef, 
and ply the carving knife, which I did ; whilst he travelled, 
])lates in hand, until they all were helped. The young 
Princess Mary, and the two little daughters of the kind 
lady, like the three Graces, were bending about under loads 
of bread and vegetables they were helping the Indians to, 
and the kind lady herself was filling their glasses from the 
generous pitcher of foaming ale, and ordering the butler to 
uncork the bottles of champagne which were ready and 
hissing at the delay. 

This unusual scene was taking place in the nearer vicinity 
of the poor parroquets and cockatoos, who seemed, thus far, 
awed into a discretionary silence, but were dancing to tlie 


«^^ ^ 



' ti 


the butler was 
il)li« arninf^od 
luxuries tluit 
Lhoir dinners, 
t beef was on 
> finished, and 
"dinner was 
it in two divi 
ok on and see 
d fork. 'Jliis 
the anxiety of 
lusemcnts, and 
to s(mie of us, 
lustrious s|)cc- 
,11 their former 
lich they could 
t in placinjr a 
ing seated, all 
e tabic and at 
f the kind, to 
fortable. His 
I my stand at 
of roast beef, 
t he travelled. 
The young 
s of the kind 
ut under loads 
;he Indians to, 
Uisscs from the 
^ the butler to 
ere ready and 

nearer vicinity 
mcd, thus far, 
ancing to the 


*' nM OF Tin: PAIMJOTS. 


rip;1if. and tlu* K ft, mul Imsily Hwin^^in^ their iicads In and IVi', 
with their eycH and their ears open to all that wits said and 
di)ne. Wlu-n the cork lieu IVtan the lirst lioltleorrhanipa^ne, 
the i)arrotHN(|Uiilledont, ''There ! tlwre!! there!!!" an<l the 
Indians as sudch-nly, *^ (Viir/tuho/thnii ! r/iii/iiifnMi)o !" IJoth 
huif^hed, and all the \niviy fnnf to lan{^h, at the sininUaneonH 
excitiMiient )!' the parrots and the Indians; and most of 
them were as ignorant of tin* lanfjiiai^e (and of course of the 
wit of) the one as of the other. ('Iiirhnhtihlhin, however, was 
nnderstood, at least hy the Indiajis; and their [glasses heinj; 
lilled with champagne, the moment they were raising it to 
their lips, and sonu* had commenced drinking, th'^ cockatoos 
suddenly sqnalh-d out again, '■'■ T/nrr ! Hicrc!! there. !!!'^ 
The old Doctor, and his superstitious I'riend Jim, who 
had not g»)t their glasses (piite to their mouths, slowly 
lowered then> upon the tahU', and turned, with the most 
beseeching looks, upon Mr. Melody and mysell", to know 
whether they were breaking their vow to us. They said 
nothing, but the (piestion was sudicienlly jilain in their 
Ituihs for an answer, and I replied, " No. my good fellows, 
the parrots an- fools, they don't know what they are talking 
about; tluy, no «loubt, thought this was whiskey, but wo 
know better ; it's some of the * Qiteen.s ehiekohohhoo,' and 
you need not fear to drink it." This curious affair had 
been seen but by a ]>art of the company, and only by the 
Indians at our end of the table, and therefore lost its general 
effect until I related it. The queer-sounding word " ehidui- 
hohhod^ seemed to amuse, and to excite the curiosity of 
many, and there was no understanding it without niy going 
over the whole ground, and exjilaining how and where 
it originated, which, when finished, created much amuse- 
ment. While 1 was relating this story the plates were being 
changed, and just at. the end of it the parrots sang out again, 
" There! there! ! there!!!'''' as before; but it was discovered 
that, at that instant, one of the waiters was passing near 
them with a huge and smoking plum-pudding, and so high 
that we could but just sec his fac(? over the top of it. This 

G 2 








in \ 



was j)lji(cd boforo mo, airl as I tlividod and served it, the 
same hands, Uoyal and fair, conveyed it to the different 
parts of the table. This was a glorious ])iidding, and 1 had 
helpeii each one abundantly, expecting, as all did, that they 
would devour it wifhout mincing , but, to the sur])rise of 
all, they tasted a little, and left the rest ujwn their plates. 
Fears were entertained that the ])ud(ling- did not suit them, 
and I was constrained to ask why they did not eat more. 
The rej)ly was reluctant, but very significant and satisfac- 
tory when it came. Jim s])olve for all. He said, "They all 
agreed that it was good — very good; but that the beef was 
also very good, and the only fuiilt of the ])udding was, that 
it had come too late." 

The War-chief at thi^ time was charging his long pipe 
with k'in'cfi ICuvch, and some fire being brought to light it, it 
was soon passed from his into the chief's hands, when he 
arose from the table, and offering his hand to His lloyal 
Highness, stepped a little back, and addressed him thus: — 

" My Groat Fatlier, — Your face to-day lias made us all very liappy. Tiio 
(Jroat Spirit has Aaxw this for us, and we aro thankful for it. Tiio (Jroat 
Spirit inclined your heart to let us see your face, and to shake yor.r hand, 
and \vv are very happy that it has l)een so. (Ifoir, /low, how ! ) 

" My Father, — We iiave been told that you are the unele of the Queen, 
and that your brother was the King of this rich country. We fear we shall 
go home without seeing the face of your Qiu^en, exeejjt as we saw it in iicr 
carriage; but if so, we shall be ham)y to say liiat we have seen the great 
chief who is next to the Queen. (How, how, how ! ) 

" My Father, — VVe arc poor and ignorant people from the wilderness, 
whose eyes aro not yet open, and we dul .ioi think that we should bo 
treated so kindly as we have to-da}'. Our «kins are red, and our ways arc 
not so pleasing as those of the white people, and we therefoic feel tiie nuire 
proud that so great a chief should come so far to see us, and to help to feed 
us; this we shall never forget. {How, how, howl) 

" My Father, — We feel tlunikful to the lady who has this tine house 
and these fine fioUls, and who has invited us here to-day, and to all the ladies 
and gentlemen who are here to see us. We shall pray for you all in our 
prayers to the Great Spirit, and now we shall be obliged to shake hands 
with you and go home. (//»»', how, hoiv!) " 

Ilis Royal Highness replied to him, — 
"That he and all his friends present had been highly pleased with their 



?aso<l with their 

api)Parunoc and amnscnionts to day, and most of nil with tlip rovcrontial 
niunnor in wliich ho had just s|iol<cn of iho fJrcat Spirit, iH'foro wliom wo 
niustull, wliothor rod or wiiito, soon aj)|)oar. Ho ihankod the chiefs ibr 
the oflbrts tlioy hud made to oiitcrtain tiioni, and trusted that the Great 
Spiiit would be kind to them in restoring them safe home to their friends 

At this moment, when all were risinjif and wrapiiin*^ their 
robes around them |)rei>aring to start, the lady apj)cared 
amonj^ them, with a lar^^e j)late in her hands, bearinfjj on it 
a variety of beautiful trinkets, vliich she dispensed among 
them according to their various tastes ; and with a general 
shake of the hand, they retired from the grounds to take 
their carriage for town. The parrots and cockatoos all 
bowed their heads in silence as they passed by them ; but 
as the old Doctor (A\ho always lingers behind to bestow and 
catch the last smile, and take the .second shake of the hand 
where there arc ladies in question) extended his hand to 
the kind laiy, to thank her the second and last time, there 
was a tremendous cry of "There! there!! there!!!'' and 
'^Cockatoo! coehatoo !'' — the last of which the y)Oor Doctor, 
in his confusion, had mistaken for " Chickahohhoo ! vhicha- 
huhhoo!^^ He, however, ke])t a steady gait between the din 
of ''There! there!! there!!!'' and '' Cochatoo ! '" that was 
behind him. and the inconceivable laughter of his y)arty in 
the carriage, who now insisted on it (and almost made him 
believe), that his ugly face had been the sole cause of the 
alarm of the birds and monkeys since the Indians entered 
the ground.* 

This was theme enough to ensure them a merry ride 

* The polite Doctor often spoke of his admiration of this excellent lady 
and of her beautiful park, and expressoil his regrets also that the day they 
spent there was so short ; for while hunting for the ball w hich they hai lost, 
it seemed he had strolled alone into her beautiful Conservatoire, where he 
said, " in just easting his eyes around, he thought there wore roots that thoy 
had not yet been able to find in this country, and which they stood much ia 
need of." He said "he believed .'lom what ho had soon when he was look- 
ing for the ball, though nobody had -^ver told bin, that this lady was a 
great root -doctor." 

X:i ■ 



home, where they arrived in time, and in the very best of 
humour, for their accustomed evening amusements at the 
Hall ; and after that, of taking their suppers and cliickahohhoo 
in their own apartments, which resounded with songs and 
with encomiums on the kind lady and her chichabobboo, until 
they got to sleep. 

The next mornings we had an appointment to visit the 
Surrey Zoological Gardens, and having the greatest cu- 
riosiiy to witness the mutual surprise there might be 
exhibited at the meeting of wild men and wild animals, I 
was one of the party. The interview, in order to avoid 
the annoyance of a crowd, had been arranged as a private 
one : we were, therefore, on the spot at an early hour ; 
and as we were entering (the Doctor, with his jingling 
dress and red face, i>eing in advance of the l)arty, as he 
was sure to be in entering any curious place, though the 
last to have if there were ladies behind), we were assailed 
with the most tremendous din of *' There! there !! there U!^^ 
" Cockatoo! cockatoo !^^ and " God dam!^^ and flutterins: of 
wings of the poor affrighted parrots, that were pitching down 
from their perches in all directions. I thought it test that 
we should retreat a few moments, until Mr. Cross could 
arrange the front ranks of his aviary a little, which he did 
by moving back some of their outposts to let us pass. Wc 
had been shown into a little office in the meantime, where Mr. 
Melody had very prudently suggested that they had better 
discharge as many of their rattling gewgaws as possible, 
and try to carry into the ground as little of th' frightful 
as they could. Amusing jokes were here heaped upon 
the Doctor for his extreme ugliness, which, as Jim toid 
him, had terrified the poor birds almost to death. The 
D'^c lov bore it all patiently, however, and with a smile ; and 
partially turned the laugh upon Jim with the big ir outh, 
by replying that it was lucky for the gentleman owning the 
parrots that Jim did not enter first ; for if he had, the poor 
man would have found them all dead, instead of beinij a 
little alarmed, as they then were. 





Wc were now entering upon the greatest field for the 
sj)ceulations and amusement (as well as astonishment) of the 
Indians they were to meet in the great metropolis. 
My note-book was in my hand and my pencil constantly 
employed ; and the notes that I then and in subsequent 
visits made, can be allowed very little space in this work. 
All were ready, and we followed Mr. Cross ; the Indians, 
fourteen in number, with their red faces and red crests, 
marching in single file. The squalling of parrots and 
barking of dogs seemed to have announced to the whole 
ncigiibourhood that some extraordinary visitation was at 
hand; and when we were in front of the lions' cage, 
their tremendous bolts against its sides, and unusual roar, 
announced to the stupidest animal and reptile that an 
enemy was in the field. The terrible voice of the king of 
beasts was heard in every part, and echoed back in affrighted 
notes of a hundred kinds. Men as well as beasts were 
alarmed, for the men employed within the grounds were re- 
treating, and at every turn they made amidst its bewilder- 
ing mazes, they imagined a roaring lion was to spring upon 
their backs. The horrid roaring of the lions was answered 
by lions from another part of the garden. ilycnas and pan- 
thers hissed, wolves were howling, the Indians (catching the 
loved inspiration of nature's wildness) sounded their native 
war-whoop, tiie buffaloes bellowed, the wild geese stretched 
their necks and scre.amed ; the deer, the elk, and the ante- 
lopes were trembling, the otters and beavers dived to the 
bottom of their pools, the monkeys were chattering from 
the tops of their wire cages, the bears were all at the sum- 
mit of their poles, and the ducks and the geese whose wings 
were not cropped, were hoisting themselves out of their ele- 
ment into quieter regions. 

The whole establishment was thus in an instant " brushed 
up," and in their excitement, prepared to be seen to the 
greatest possible advantage ; all upon their feet, and walk- 
ing their cages to and fro, seemingly as impatient to see 






i ' 




_>vhat they seemed to know was coming, as the visiting party 
was iinj)ationt to see them. 

I explained to the Indians that the lion was the king of 
beasts — and they threw tobacco before him as a sacrifice. 
I'he hyenas attracted their attention very much, and the 
leoj)ards and tigers, of the nature of all of which I promised 
to give them some fuller account after we got home. They 
met the panther, which they instantly recognized, and the 
recognition would seem to have been mutual, from its evi- 
dent alarm, evinced by its hissing and showing its teeth. 
Jim called for the Doctor " to see his brother," the wolf. The 
Doctor's totem or arms was the wolf — it was therefore medicine 
to him. The Doctor advanced with a smile, and offering it 
his hand, with a smirk of recognition, he began, in a low and 
soft tone, to howl like a wolf. >Vll were quiet a moment, when 
the poor animal was led away by the Doctor's " distant howl- 
inf/s,'^ until it raised up its nose, with the most pitiable looks 
of imploration for its liberty, and joined him in the chorus. 
He turned to us with an exulting smile, but to his " poor 
imprisoned brother," as he called it, with a tear in his eye, 
and a plug of tobacco in his hand, which he left by the side 
of its cage as a peace offering. 

The ostrich (of which there was a noble specimen there) 
and the kangaroo excited the admiration and lively re- 
marks of the Indians ; but when they met the poor dis- 
tressed and ragged prisoner, the buffalo from their own wild 
and free prairies, their spirits were overshadowed with an 
instant gloom ; forebodings, perhaps, of their own approach- 
ing destiny. I hey sighed, and even wept, for this worn 
veteran, and walked on. With the bears they would have 
shaken hands, if they could have done it, " and embraced 
them too," said the Little-wolf, "for he had hugged many 
a one." 1 hey threw tobacco to the rattlesnake, which is 
medicine with them, and not to be killed. The joker, Jim, 
made us white men take aff our hats as we passed the 
beaver, for it was his relation ; and as he had learned a little 




Islting l>JArty 

the king of 
I a sacrifice, 
ich, and the 
I I promised 
onie. They 
!cd, and the 
i'om its evi- 
ig its teeth, 
he wolf. The 
fore medicine 
id offering it 
in a low and 
oment, when 

distant liowl- 
itiablc looks 
I the chorus. 
.0 his " poor 
ir in his eye, 

by the side 

English, when he heard the ducks cry " quack," he pointed 
to them and told the Doctor to go there — he was called for. 

Thus rapid were the transitions from surprise to pity, and 
to mirth, as we passed along, and yet to wonder and astonish- 
ment, which had been reserved for the remotest and the last. 
Before the massive elephant little or nothing was said ; all 
hands were over their mouths ; their tobacco was forgotten, 
they walked quietly away, and all of us being seated under 
an arbour, to which we were conducted, our kind guide said 
to Jeffrey, " Tell the Indians that the immense arch they 
see now over their heads is made of the jaw-bones of a wliale, 
and they may now imagine themselves and the whole i)arty 
sitting in its mouth." "Well, now," said Jeffrey, "you 
don't say so?" "Yes, it's even so." "Well, I declare ! why, 
the elephant would be a mere baby to it." Jeffrey ex- 
plained it to the Indians, and having risen from their 
scats, and being satisfied, by feeling it, that it was actually 
bone, they wished to go home, and " see the rest at a future 
time." We were then near the gate, where we soon took 
our carriage, and returned to their quarters in St. James's 

imen there) 

lively re- 

le poor dis- 

\i\v own wild 

cd with an 

n approach - 

r this worn 

would have 


gged many 

e, which is 

joker, Jim, 

passed the 

ncd a little 


t: -<il 




( i'O ) 



Indians' remarks on the Zoological Gardens — Their pity for the poor buf- 
falo and other uniniuls imprisoned — Jim's talk with a clerjryinan about 
Hell and the hytenas — Indians' ideas of astronomy — Jim and the Doelor 
hear of the hells of London — Desire to go into them — Promised to go — 
Indians counting the gin-j)alaces {chickahobboo-ays)'m a ride to Blackwall 
and back — Tlie result — Exhibition in the Egyptian Hall — A sudden 
excitement — The War-chief recognises in the crowd his old friend 
" IJobashcela" — Their former lives on the Mississippi and Missouri — 
Bobasheela an Englishman — Ilis travels in the " Far West" of America 
— Story of their first acquaintance — The doomed wedding-party — Lieut. 
Pike — Daniel Boone and Son — Indians visit a great brewery — Kind re- 
ception by the proprietors — Great surjjrise of the Indians — Immense 
quantities of chkkuhoLboo — VVar-dance in an empty vat — Daniel com- 
mences Jim's book of the statistics of England — Indians visit the Tunnel 
— Visit to the Tower — The Horse Armoury — The Royal Regalia — 

' Indians' ideas of the crowns and jewels — " lotems " (arms) on the fronts 
of noblemen's houses — Royal arms over the shops — Strange notions of 
the Doctor — They see the "man with the big nose" again — And the 
" great white War-chief (the Duke of Wellington) on horseback, near 
his wig-wam." 


Thrkk or four of my particular friends had joined us in our 
visit to the Zoological Gardens this morning, and amongst 
them a reverend gentleman, whose professional character 
was not made known to the Indians. He keyjt close to 
Jeffrey and the Indians all the way, and his ears were open 
to the translation of everything they said. He was not only 
highly pmused at their remarks, but told me he heard 
enough to convince him that lessons of morality, of devotion, 
and religion, as well as of philosophy, might be learned 
from those poor people, although they were the savages of 
the wilderness, and often despised as such. Mr. Melody 
and I accompanied them to their rooms, and as wc came 
in when their dinner was coming up, we sat down and par- 



took of it with them. The Indian's mode is to cat cxclusic^hi 
while he eats, and to talk afterwards. We adhered to their 
rule on this occasion, and after the dinner was over, and a 
])ipe was lit, there were remarks and comments enough ready, 
upon the strange things they had just seen. 

As usual, the first thing was, to have a laugh at the 
Doctor for having frightened the parrots; and then to re- 
flect and to comment u])on the cruelty of keeping all those 
poor and unoffending animals prisoners in such a place, 
merely to be looked at. They spoke of the doleful looks 
they all wore in their imprisoned cells, walking to and 
fro, and looking through the iron bars at every person who 
came along, as if they wished them to let them out. I was 
forcibly struck with the truth and fitness of their remarks, 
having never passed through a menagerie without coming 
out impressed, even to fatigue, with the sympathy I had 
felt for the distressed looks and actions of these poor crea- 
tures, imprisoned for life, for man's amusement only. 

Jim asked, " What have all those poor animals and birds 
done that they should be shut up to dij? 'J hey never have 
murdered anybody — they have not been guilty of stealing, 
and they owe no money; why should they be kopt so, and 
there to die ?" He said it would afford him more pleasure 
to see one of them let loose and run away over the fields, 
than to see a hundred imprisoned as they were. The 
Doctor took up the gauntlet and reasoned the other way. 
He said they were altogether the happiest wild animals he 
ever saw ; they were perfectly prevented from destroying 
each other, and had enough to eat as long as they lived, 
and plenty of white men to wait upon them. He did not 
see why they should not live as long there as anywhere 
else, and as happy. He admitted, however, that his heart 
Avas sad at the desolate look of the old buffalo bull, which 
he would like to have seen turned loose on the prairies. 

The Roman-nose said he heard one of the parrots say 
" God dam." " So he did," said Jim ; " and who could 
say otherwise, when the Doctor poked his ugly face so sud- 

t :.a 

-^ m 



(Icnly in amongst them ? They know how to speak Illnglish, 
and I don't wonder they say God dam."* 

I here diverted their attention from the jokes they were 
beginning upon the Doctor, by asking them how they liked 
the cidehahohhoo they got in the gardens, which they recol- 
lected with great pleasure, and which they pronounced to 
have been very good. Mr. Cross had invited the whole 
party to a private view, and after showing us, with great 
])olitencss, what he had curious, invited us into one 
of his delightful little refreshment rooms, and treated 
all to cold chickens, pork pies, pastries, and champagne, 
which the Indians called chichahohhoo ; and as he did not 
know the meaning of the word, I related the story of it, 
which pleased him very much. 

The Doctor made some laugh, by saying that " he was 
going over there again in a few days, if he could find some 
strings long enough, to measure the elephant and the bones 
of the whale, as he had got the dimensions of the giant 
man." Jim told him "he had not got the measure of the 
yiant man — he had only measured the giant looman, and getting 
scared, he only half measured her; and he was so much 
afraid of women, that he didn't believe ho could ever take 
the measure of one of them correct, if a hundred should 
stand ever so still for him." The Doctor smiled, and looked 
at me as if to know if I was going to ask some question 
again. He was fortunately relieved at that moment, how- 
ever, by Mr. Melody's question to Jim, "how he liked the 
looks of the hyenas, and whether he would like him to buy 
one to carry home with him ? " Jim rolled over on to his 
back, and drew his knees up (the only position in which lie 
could " think fast," as he expressed it ; evidently a peculi- 
arity with him, and a position, ungraceful as it was, which 
it was absolutely necessary for him to assume, if he was going 
to tell a story well, or to make a speech) ; and after think- 

* No Indian language in America affords the power of swearing, not 
being sufficiently rich and refined. 

r\i 1 .11 11 ii.> 

l A i - 1 1 1 , na m^^f* 

;r on to his 



swearing, not 

ing much more profoundly than it required to answer so 
simple a question, replied, " Very well, very well," and kept 
thinking on. The Little Wolf, who was lying by his side, 
asked him " what he was troubled about ? — he weenied to be 
thinking very strong." Jim replied to this, that " he was 
thinking a great way, and he had to think hard." Ho said, 
that when he was looking at the hyenas, he said to Jeffrey 
that he thought they were the wickedest looking animals he 
ever saw, and that he believed they would go to hell; but 
that the gentleman who came to the garden with Mr. 
Melody* said to him, " No, my friend, none but the animals 
that laugh and cry can go to heaven or to hell." He said 
that this gentleman then wanted to know how he had heard 
of hell, and what idea he had of it. He said, he told Jef- 
frey to say to him that some white men {black coats) had 
told amongst his people, that there was such a place as hell, 
very low under the earth, where the wicked would all go, 
and for ever be in the fire. He said, the gentleman asked 
him if he believed it ? and that he told him he thought there 
might be such a place for white people — ho couldn't tell — 
but he didn't think the Indians would go to it. He said, 
the gentleman then asked him why he thought those poor 
ignorant animals the hyenas would go there ? And he re- 
plied to him that Chippehola^ said " the hyenas live by dig- 
ging up the bodies of people after they arc buried ; " and 
he therefore thought they were as wicked as the white 
people, who also dig up the Indians' graves, and scatter 
their bones about, all along our country ; % and he tnought 
such white people would go to hell, and ought to go there. 
He said he also told the gentleman he had heard there 
were some hells under the city of London, and that he had 
been invited to go and sec them : this, he said, made the 

* The reverend gentleman. 

t Mr. Catlin. 

% One of the most violent causes of the Indian's hatred of white men is, 
that nearly every Indian grave is opened by them on the frontier for tlieir 
skulls or for the weapons and trinkets buried with them. 




: ;!? 




. - 


■ 1 

* ' ' 



4 <:i 




pMitU'inan laii^li, ami then' was no inon* said : that ho ha<I 
ht'jj^un to think tluit this grnth'inan was a hfar/i niaf, luit 
\\\\vn ho saw hiin hiuj^li, ho found out thai lio was not. 
".fust tho tiujo you woro inistakon/' said Mr. Molody; "lor 
that ^ontUMuan tnis a j'lorjrynian, and you have uiaiU a vory 
^roat fool oF yourself." " I will all that," said Jim ; " I 
havo wanted all tho timo to mako a 8])oo('h to somo of thom, 
hut tho ohii'fs wouldn't lot m«'." 

Tho |»il)o. durinj; thoso conversations, was hoinp^ han<h'd 
around, and Jim's prolific mind, while he was " thinkijij^ 
fast" (as ho liad called it), was now nnmiiiir u]K)n the 
olo|ihant, and ho was anxious to know whore it came from. 
I told Inm it was from tho oj)])08ito side of the p^lobo : ho 
could not understand mo, and to be more ex])licit, 1 told 
him that the ground we stood upon was ])art of the surface 
of tho earth, which was round like a ball, and many thou- 
sands of mill's around ; and that thoso huge animals came 
from the side exactly o]i])()sito to us. 1 never could exactly 
believe that Jim, at the moment, doubted my word ; but in 
the richness of his imagination (particularly in his thinking 
position) ho so clearly saw ele])hants walking underside of 
tho globe, with their backs downwards, without falling, that 
he broke out into such a flood of laughter, that he was 
obliged to shut out his thoughts, and roll over upon his 
hands and knees until the spasms went gradually off. 'I'hc 
rest of the group were as incredulous as Jim, but laughed 
loss vehemently ; and as it was not a timo to lecture further 
on astronomy, 1 thought it best to omit it until a bettor o]t- 
])ortunity : merely waiting for Jim's ])encil sketch (and no 
doubt according to his first impression), which he was then 
drawing, with considerable tact; and with ocjual wit, ])ro- 
poscd 1 shouhl adopt as my "arms" or totem, the globe with 
an inverted cleidiant. 

Melody and I strolled off together, leaving the Indians in 
this amusing mood, while we were agreeing that they were 
a good-natured and well-disposed set of men, determining to 
take ever) thing in the happiest way ; and that they were 





wrll cntitli'il to our i»r()tc( lion, ntnl our ImhI rncr^ics to ])ro- 
in »tc their wolfarc. We siiw that they enjoyed every thiiipf 
tluit we sliowed them, witl> a liijrh relish ; an,tl in Itopes that 
Ihey mij^Iit profit by it, and IWd a 8ti*onfi;er attaehment to 
us, wo resolved to spare no pains in showinjjf them whatever 
we could, that they mi^ht wish to see, and which would ho 
likely, in any way, to render them a benefit. 

The reader will have seen, hy this time, that they were 

sinjr set of fellows : and 

a close ohservin^ 



an aniu 

knowinp^ also that at this time nearly all the curious 
sights of [A)ndon were still before us, \\v will he ])re])ared 
to meet the most exciting and amusing parts of this huuk 

as he real 

Is on. 

We continued to give these curious and good fellows their 
daily drives in their bus, and by an hour s])cnt in this way 
each day, for several months, they were enabled to form a 
tolerably correct idea of the general shapes and a])pearance 
of the city, and its modes, as seen in the streets. In these 
drives, as well as in institutions of various kinds, which they 
visited, they saw many curious things which amused them, 
and others which astonished them very much; but their 
private room was the ])lace for their amusing debates, and 
remarks ui)on them, when they returned : and to that I 
generally repaired every night before they went to bed, to 
hear what they had to say and to think, of the sights they 
had seen during the day. 

C/iickabuhboo, though an Ojibbeway word, had now become 
a frequent and favourite theme with them, inasmuch as it 
was at this time an essential ])art of their dinners and 
suj)pcrs, and as, in all their drives about town, they were 
looking into the "gin palaces'' which they were every moment 
])assing, and at the pretty maids who were hopping about, 
and across the streets, in all directions, both night and day, 
with jntchcrs of ale in their hands. The elevated posi- 
tions of the Doctor and Jim, as they were alongside of 
the driver of the bus, enabling them, in the narrow streets, 
to peep into the splendid interior of many of these, as 



they were briUinntly illuininod, and generally p>y ^^''''' 
boniu'ts and riltlioiiN, and inia^inin^' a ^;ri<al di<al of ha]»|ii- 
lU'ss and Inn to rt-i^n in thoni, tlicy had sovoral tinit's 
venturod, vory modi'stly, to sn^fri'st to uw a wish to look 
into sonic of'thfm — " not to drink," as tlu'y said, "for tlicy 
could ^ot enough to drink at honu», but to see how thoy 
h)oki>d, and how tlu' |>oo|)lo acted there." 

I had told them that il'tliey had the U-ast curiosity, there 
sliould be no objection to their goinj^ with nie on some 
])ro|)er occasion, when they ap^ain f>;ot on their frock coats 
and beaver hats; and also that if there were any other 
curious ])laces they wished to see in London, Mr. Melody 
or I would take them there. Uj)on hearing this the bi^- 
mouthcd and quizzical .lim at once took uie at my word, 
and told me that "some {j^entleman with Daniel had been 
tellin{>^ him and the Doctor that there were several '//c//.s' 
under the city of liimdon, and that they ou<;ht some time to 
go down and see them." He didn't think Irom what Daniel 
and that man said that they were hells of " fire," but he 
thought as Daniel havl been to them, there could not be 
much danger, and he thought they would be very curious 
to see ; he knew these were not the hells which the bhic/i 
roofs s])oke of, for Daniel told him there were many beau- 
tiful ladies, and fine music, and cliivhobohhoo there ; that 
they did not wish to drink the chivlutbohhoo, but merely to 
look and sec, and then come away ; and they had no objec- 
tions to put on the black coats for that purpose ; he said, in 
fiict, that Daniel had invited them to go, and that JefTrcy 
had agreed to go with them. Jim had me thus " uj)on the 
hip " lor this enterprise, and when I mentioned it to ])oor 
Melody, he smiled as he seemed to shrink from it, and said, 
" Ah, Catlin, that never will do: we arc going to spoil these 
Indians, as sure as the world ; there will be in a little time 
nothing but what they will want to sec, and we shall have 
no peace of our lives with them. They have all gone now, 
and Daniel and Jeffrey with them, in their bus, all the 
way to Blackwall, merely to sec how many cliickahohbooags 



(|rin ]mliico8) they can count in the way, fi^oin^ by one roiitr 
and rrturnin}^ by another. Tlu'ir nunds arc running; on 
rhirhahohhoo and mucIi things already, and they arc in tlio 
inidst of such a scene of j^in-drinkinf^ and drunkenness as 
they sec every <lay, that I am almost sorry \v(^ ever under- 
took to drive them out at ail. I am daily more and more 
afraid that they will all become drunkards, in spite of all T 
can do, and I sometimes wish I had them safe honu\ where 
we started from. Vou have no idea what a charj^e I have 
on my hands, and the annoyance 1 have about the front of 
their apartments every night, from women who are beckon- 
ing them down from their windows to the door, and even 
into the passages and streets. I hey seem daily to be losing 
their respect lor me, ami 1 find it every day more and more 
dinicult to control them." " And so you will continue to 
find it," said I, " unless j)rivileges and freedom to a reason- 
able extent are granted to them, while they are strictly 
adhering to the solemn promises and restraints we have 
laid them under. These people have come here under 
your promises to show them everything you can, and to 
teach them how the civilized world live and act. They 
have reposed the highest conlidence in you to take care of 
and protect them, and in return they have solemnly pro- 
mised to conduct themselves properly and soberly ; and as 
long as they adhere to that, you should not let them doubt 
your confidence in them, by fearing to show them some 
parts of the shades as well as the lights of civilization. 
They ere here to learn the ways of civilization, and 
I should deem it wrong to deny them the privilege, if they 
ask for it, of seeing such parts of it as you and myself would 
goto sec. I have been to sec the 'hells of London' myself, 
and would much sooner take my son there, and there give 
him the most impressive lesson in morality, than forbid 
him to go, expressing to him my fears of his contamination. 
These people arc like children in some respects, and they 
are men in others ; and while I fully appreciate all your 
noble attachment to them, and your anxieties for them. 




: ,i'l 

^'. ' 


with the knowledge I have gained of the Indian character, 
I feel assured that as they are brought here to be shown 
everything of civilization, to restrict them in seeing the 
parts of it they desire to see, will be to exhibit to them a 
want of confidence which would be apt to lead to worse and 
more injurious results before you get home with them. I 
should have been very far from mentioning such places to 
them, or the many other dens of iniquity which exist in the 
great city of London and the cities of our own country, and 
which I hope they may remain strangers to ; but they having 
heard of the hells of London, and expressed a desire to see 
them, I should feel no hesitation in giving Jim and the 
Doctor a peep into them, instead of representing them (as the 
m'-'ans of keeping them away from them) as being a much 
greater degradation of human nature than thej actually arc." 
Good, kind Melody looked so much distressed, that I 
fir:ished my arguments here, and told him to " rest quite 
easy ; there was a way by which we could get over it, 
and I not break my promise with Jim and the Doctor. 
That a friend of mine who had been into them recently 
and narrowly escaped with his life, would have a talk with 
them on the subject in a few days, and all would ho right.* 

* This unfortunate "friend of mine " called the next day, wi(h a hand- 
kerchief tied over one eye, and one arm in a sling ; and while we happened 
to be talking of their intended visit to some of the " hells," he took occasion 
to exclaim at once, " My good fellows, let me advise you, go and see every- 
thing else in London, but take especial care you don't go into any of those 
infernal regions, and get served as I have been, or ten times worse, for I 
was lucky that I didn't lose my life." "Then yoi'. have seen them?" 
said I. " Seen them ? yes, 1 saw, till I was knocked down three or four 
times, and my pockets picked, after I paid out to those infernal denioiis 
fifteen pounds ; so 1 lost about thirty pounds altogether, and have not been 
able to see since. Nat B — n of New York was with me, and he got off 
much worse than I did ; he was carried home lor dead and hasn't bee 
out of his room since. When I get a little better, my good fellows, I will 
give you a long account/of what we saw, and I'll venture you never will 
want to risk your heads there." My friend here left us, and Jim and fhe 
Doctor hcd evidently changed their minds about going to see the "H oils 
of London." 




an character, 
to be shown 
n seeing the 
it to them a 
to worse and 
ith them. I 
ich places to 
\ exist in the 
country, and 
t they having 
desire to see 
Jim and the 
^ them (as the 
aeing a much 
actually are." 
essed, that I 
" rest quite 
get over it, 
the Doctor, 
hem recently 
i^e a talk with 
uld he right.* 

\y, with a hand- 
liile we happened 

he took occasion 
go and see every- 
into any of those 
ncs worse, for I 
ive seen them ? " 
own three or four 

infernal den;oiis 
nd have not been 

, and he got otf 

and hasn't bee- 
(od fellows, I will 
ire you never will 

and Jim and the 
see the "Hells 

As for the joke they are on to-df y, about the ffinshops, 
I don't see the least harm in it. They must have some- 
thing to laugh at, and while they are getting their usual 
daily ride in the open air, they are passing one of the best 
comments that ever was made upon one of the greatest 
vices of the greatest city in the world." 

The simple old Doctor, in his curious cogitations amidst the 
din of civilised excitements, while he had been ogling the 
thousands of ladies and gin-palaces, and other curious things 
all together, from the pinnacle of his bus, had brought home 
one day in round numbers the total amount o^ diickabohbooags 
that he had seen during the hour's drive on one morning. 
The enormous amount of these, when added up, seemed too 
great for the most credulous ; and Jim, seeming to think 
that the Doctor had counted the ladies instead of the grog- 
shops, disputed the correctness of his report, which had led 
to the result that was being carried out to-day, by some 
pretty spirited betting between the Doctor, Jim, Daniel, 
and Jeffrey, as to the number of <7^/^/;aZaccs {chickahohhooafjs) 
they should pass on their way from St. James's Street to 
Blackwall (where they had curiosity to taste " white bait "), 
and back again by a different route, taking Euston Station in 
their way as they returned. For this purpose it was arranged 
that the Doctor and Jim should take their customary seats 
with the driver; and Roman Note and the Little W^o//' inside 
of the bus, where there was less to attract their attention, 
should each take his side of the street, counting as they passed 
them, while the old War-chief should notch them on a stick 
which they had prepared for the purpose, having Daniel and 
Jeffrey by their sides to see that there was no mistake. 

The amusements of this gigantic undertaking were not 
to be even anticipated until they got back, nor its difficulties 
exactly appreciated until they appeared in the prosecution 
of the design. At starting off, the Roman Nose and Little 
Wolf took their positions on opposite seats, each one appro- 
priating a pane of glass for his observations, and the old 
War-chief with his deal stick in one hand and a knife in 

H 2 





the other ; and in this way they were ready for, and com- 
menced operations. Each one as he passed a gin-shop, 
called out " chickahohhooag r^ and the old chief cut a notch. 
This at first seemed to be quite an easy thing, and even 
allowed the old man an occasional moment to look around 
and observe the direction in which they were going, while 
the two amusing chubs who were outside could pass an 
occasional remark or two upon the ladies as they were com- 
mencing to keep an oral account, to corroborate or correct 
the records that were making inside. As they gradually 
receded from the temperate region of St. James's (having 
by an ignorant oversight overlooked the numerous club- 
houses), their labours began to increase, and the old War- 
chief had to ply his knife with precision and quickness ; the 
two companions outside stopped all further conversation, 
holding on to their fingers for tens, hundreds, &c. The 
word chickahohhooag was now so rapidly repeated at times 
inside (and oftentimes by both parties at once), that the old 
chief found the greatest diflficulty in keeping his record 
correct. The parties all kept at their posts, and attended 
strictly to their reckonings, until they arrived at Elackwall. 
They cast up none of their accounts there, but the old chiefs 
record was full — there was no room for another notch. He 
procured another stick for the returning memorandums, 
and the route back, being much more prolific and much longer, 
filled each of the four corners of his new stick, and when it 
was full he set down the rest of his sum in black marks, 
with a pencil and paper which Daniel took from his pocket. 

The reckoning, when they got back, and their curious re- 
marks upon the incidents of their ride, were altogether very 
amusing, and so numerous and discordant were their accounts, 
that there was no final decision agreed upon as to the bets. 

Their results were brought in thus : 

War-chief notches 446 

Jim oral 432 doubtful 60 

Doctor oral 754 doubtful 

Average 644. 


f^ ^,;,r 




What route they took I never was able to learn, but such 
were their accounts as they brought them in ; and as it 
was ascertained that the Doctor had been adding to his 
account all the shops where he saw bottles in the windows, 
it was decided to be a reasonable calculation that he had 
brought into the account erroneously : 

Apothecaries and confectioners — say 300 

Leaving the average of all together (which was no doubt 

very near the thing) Chickahobbooags 450 

So ended (after the half-hour's jokes they had about it) 
this novel enterprise, which had been carried out with great 
pains and much fatigue, and in which, it was suggested by 
them, and admitted by me, they had well earned a jug of 

The settlement of this important affair was not calculated 
by any means to lessen the Doctor's curiosity in another 
respect, and which has been alluded to before — his desire to 
visit some of those places, to see the manner in which the 
chickahobhoo was made. I put him at rest on that subject, 
however, by telling him that there was none of it made at 
those shops where it was sold, but that I had procured an 
order to admit the whole party to one of the greatest brew- 
eries in the city, where the chickabobboo was made, and 
that we were all to go the next day and see the manner in 
which it was done. This information seemed to give great 
pleasure to all, and to iinish for the present the subject of 

The night of this memorable day I had announced as the 
last night of the Indians at the Egyptian Hall, arrange- 
ments having been effected for their exhibitions to be made a 
few days in Vauxhall Gardens before leaving London for some 
of the provincial towns. This announcement, of course, 
brought a dense crowd into the Hall, and in it, as usual, the 
"jolly fat dame," and many of my old friends, to take their 
last gaze at the Indians. 

The amusements were proceeding this evening, as on 

'< M 



' t 

former occasions, when a sudden excitement was raised in 
the followinjif manner. In the midst of one of their noisy 
dances, the War-chief threw himself, with a violent jump and 
a yell of the shrill war-whoop, to the corner of the ])latform, 
where he landt d on his feet in a half-crouching position, 
with his eyes, and one of his forefingers, fixed upon some- 
thing that attracted his whole attention in a distant ])art of 
the crowd. 'J'he dance stopped — the eyes of all the Indians, 
and of course those of most of the crowd, were attracted to 
the same point ; the eyes of the old War-chief were standijig 
open, and in a full blaze upcm the object before him, which 
nobody could well imagine, from his expression, to be any- 
thing less exciting: than a huge panther, or a grizly bear, 
in the act of springing ujum him. After staring awhile, and 
then shifting his weight upon the other leg, and taking a 
moment to wink, for the relief of his eyes, he resumed the 
intensity of his gaze upon the object before him in the crowd, 
and was indulging during a minute or two in a dead silence, 
for the events of twenty or thirty years to run through his 
mind, when he slowly straightened up to a more confident 
position, with liis eyes relaxed, but still fixed upon their 
object, when, in an emphatic and ejaculatory tone, he pro- 
nounced the bewildering word of Bohashcela ! and rcj)eated 
it, Bohashcela i " Yes, I 'm Bohashec/a, my good old fellow ! 
I knew your voice as soon as you spoke (though you don't 
understand English yet)." Chce-au-mung-ta-tmufjish-kec, 
Bohashcela. " My friends, will you allow me to move along 
towards that go>„d old fellow ? ho knows me ;" at which the 
old chief (not of a hundred, but) of many battles, gave a 
yell, and a lea]) from the i)latform, and took his faithful 
friend Bohashcela in his arms, and after a lapse of thirty 
years, had the pleasure of warming his cheek against that 
of one of his oldest and dearest friends — one whose heart, we 
have since found, had been tried and trusted, and as often 
requited, in the midst of the dense and distant wildernesses 
of the banks of the Mississippi and Missouri. Whilst this 
extraordinary interview was proceeding, all ideas of the 

'•^■^ I 

IS raised in 
their noisy 
nt jump and 
he platform, 
ng position, 
upon some- 
tant part of 
the Indians, 
attracted to 
ere standing 
I him, which 
1, to be any- 
grizly bear, 
; awhile, and 
md taking a 
resumed the 
in the crowd, 
dead silence, 
through his 
pre confident 
upon their 
;one, he pro- 
md re])eated 
d old fellow ! 
;h you don't 
move along 
at which the 
ttles, gave a 
his faithful 
[)se of thirty 
against that 
ose heart, we 
md as often 
Whilst tiiis 
ideas of the 

N'.' 14. 





dance were for the time lost sijifht of, and whilst these vete- 
rans were rapidly and mutually recitinpf the evidences of 
their byj^one days of attachment, there came a simultaneous 
demand from all parts of the room, for an interpretation of 
their conversation, which I gave as far as I could understand 
,t, and as far as it had then progressed, thus : — The old 
Sachem, in leading off his favourite war-dance, suddenly 
fixed his eye upon a face in the crowd, which he instantly 
recognized, and gazing upon it a moment, decided that it 
was the well-known face of an old friend, with whom he had 
spent many happy days of his early Ufe on the banks of the 
Mississip])! and Missouri rivers in America. The old chief, 
by appealing to this gentleman's familiar Indian cognomen 
of Bobashcda, brought out an instant [)roof of the correct- 
ness of his recognition ; and as he held him by both hands, 
to make proof doubly strong, he made much merriment 
amongst the party of Indians, by asking him if he ever 
" floated down any part of the great Mississippi river in the 
night, astride of two huge logs of wood, with his legs hang- 
ing in the water ?" To which Bohasheela instantly replied 
in the allirmativc. After which, and several medicine 
])hrascs, and masonic grips and signs had passed between 
them, the dance was reijumcd, and the rest of the story, as 
well as other anecdotes of the lives of these extraordinary 
personages postponed to the proper time and place, when 
and where the reader will be sure to hear them. 

The exhibition for the evening being over, Bobasheela 
was taker; home with the Indians, to their lodgings, to smoke 
a pipe with them ; and having had the curiosity to be of the 
])arty, I was enabled to gather the following further in- 
fi)rmation. This Bohasheela (Mr. J. H ., a native of Cornwall) 
(Plate No. 14), who is now spending the latter part of a very 
independent bachelor's life amongst his friends in London, left 
his native country as long ago as the year 1805, and making 
his way, like many other bold adventurers, across the Alle- 
ghany Mountains in America, descended into the great and 
almost boundless valley of the Mississippi, in hopes by his 




- t*-. 

\ s 

. ii 






indefatigable industry, and daring enterprise, to sham in 
the products that must find their way from that fertile 
wilderness valley to the civilized world. 

In this arduous and most perilous pursuit, he repeatedly 
ascended and descended in his bark canoe — his pirogue or his 
Mackinaw boat, the Ohio, the Muskingham, the Cumber- 
land, the Tennessee, the Arkansas, the Missouri, and Missis- 
sippi rivers ; and amongst the thousand and one droll and 
amusing incidents of thirty years spent in such a sort of life, 
was the anecdote which the War-chief alluded to, in the 
unexpected meeting with his old friend in my exhibition- 
room, and which the two parties more fully related to me in 
this evening's interview. The good-natured Mr. H. told 
me that the tale was a true one, and the awkward pre- 
dicament spoken of by the War-chief was one that he was 
actually placed in when his acquaintance first began with 
his good friend. 

Though the exhibition had kept us to a late hour, the 
greetings and pleasing reminiscences to be gone over by 
these two reclaimed friends, and (as they called themselves) 
" brothers " of the " Far West," over repeatedly charged 
pipes of k'nick k'neck, were pleasing, and held us to a most 
unreasonable hour at night. When the chief, amongst his 
rapid interrogations to Bohasheela^ asked him if he had pre- 
served his she-she-quoin, he gave instant relief to the mind 
of his friend, from which the lapse of time and changes of 
society had erased the recollection of the chiefs familiar 
name, She-shequoi-me-gon, by which his friend had christened 
him, from the circumstance of his having presented him a 
she-she-quoin (or mystery rattle), the customary badge 
bestowed when any one is initiated into the degree of 
" doctor " or " brother." 

From the forms and ceremonies which my good friend 
Bohasheela had gone through, it seems (as his name indicates) 
that he stood in the relationship of brother to the chief; and 
although the chiefs interrogations had produced him plea- 
sure in one respect, one can easily imagine him much pained 



in another, inasmuch as he was obliged to acknowledge that 
his sacred badge, his she-she-quoin, had been lost many years 
since, by the sinking of one of his boats on the Cumberland 
river. For his standing in the tribe, such an event might 
have been of an irretrievable character ; but for the renewed 
and continued good fellowship of his friend in this country, 
the accident proved to be one of little moment, as will be 
learned from various incidents recited in the following 

In this first evening's interview over the pipe, my friend 
Mr. H., to the great amusement of the party of Indians, and 
of Daniel and the squaws, who had gathered around us, as 
well as several of my London friends, related the story of 
"floating down the Mississippi river on two logs of wood," 
&c., as follows : — 

" This good old fellow and I formed our first acquaintance in a very cu- 
rious way, and when you hear me relate the manner of it, I am quite sure 
you will know how to account for his recognizing me this evening, and for 
the pleasure we have both felt at thus unexpectedly meeting. In the year 
1806 I happened to be on a visit to St. Louis, and thence proceeded up 
the Missouri to the mouth of the * Femme Osage ' to pay a visit to my old 
friend Daniel Boone, who had a short time before left his farm in Ken- 
tucky and settled on the banks of the Missouri, in the heart of an entire 
wilderness, to avoid the constant annoyance of the neighbours who had 
flocked into the country around him in Kentucky. The place for his fu- 
ture abode, which he had selected, was in a rich and fertile country, and 
forty or fifty miles from any white inhabitants, where he was determined 
to spend the remainder of his days, believing that for the rest of his 
life he would be no more annoyed by the familiarity of neighbours. I 
spent several weeks very pleasantly with the old pioneer, who had inten- 
tionally built his log cabin so small, with only one room and one bed for 
himself and his wife, that even his best friends should not break upon the 
sacred retirement of his house at night, but having shared his hospitable 
board during the day were referred to the cabin of his son, Nathan Boone, 
about four hundred yards distant, where an extra room and an extra bed 
afforded them the means of passing the night. 

'* The old hunter and his son were thus living very happily, and made me 
comfortable and happy whilst I was with them. The anecdotes of his ex- 
traordinary life, which were talked over for amusement during that time, 
were enough to fill a volume. The venerable old man, whose long and 
flowing locks were silvery white, was then in his 78th year, and still he al- 
most daily took down his trusty rifle from its hooks in the morning, and in 




t !B 


' 1 



i '-' 

•■' ' ' t 

n little time would brin^ in a saddle of venison For our bronkTast, and thus 
he chiefly supported ills nti'ectionate ohl lady and hiuiself, and the few friends 
who found their way to his solitary abode, witiiout concern or care for tlio 
future. The stump of a large cotton-wood tree, which had been cut down, 
was left standing in the ground, and being ci t square off on the top, and 
his cabin being built around it, answered the purpose of a table in the 
centre of his cabin, from w hich our meals were eaten. When I made my 
visit to him, he had been living several years in this retired state and been 
perfectly happy in the undisturbed solitude of the wilderness, but told mo 
several times that he was becoming very uneasy and distressed, as he found 
that his days of peace were nearly over, as two Yankee f»>niilies had already 
found the way into the country, and one of them had actually settled within 
nine miles of him. 

" Having fiuished my visit to this veteran and his son, I mounted my 
horse, and taking leave followed an Indian trail to the town of St. Charles, 
some thirty or forty miles below, on the north banks of the Missouri. I 
here visited sonie old friends with whom I had become acquainted on the 
lower Mississi])pi in former years, and intending to descend the river from 
that to St. Louis by a boat had sold my horse when I arrived there. Be- 
fore I was ready to embark, however, an old friend of mine, Lieuv^nant 
Tike, who had just returned from his exploring expedition to the Rocky 
Mountains, had passed up from St. Louis to a small settlement formed on 
the east bank of the Mississippi, and a few miles below the mouth of the 
]Missouri, to attend a wedding which was to take place on the very evening 
that I had received the information of it, and like himself, being intimately 
acquainted \. ith the young man who was to be married, I resolved to be pre- 
sent if possible, though I had had no invitation to attend, it not being known 
to the parties that I was in that part of the country. The spot where the 
M edding was to take place being on the bank of the river, and on my route 
to St. Louis, I endeavoured to j)rocure a canoe for the purpose, but not 
being able to get such a thing in St. Charles at that time for lov or money, 
and still resolved to be at the wedding, I succeeded in rolling a couple of 
large logs into the stream, w hich laid upon the shore in front of the village, 
and lashing them firmly together, took a paddle from the first boat that 1 
could meet, and seating myself astride of the two logs I pushed off into the 
muddy current of the Missouri, and was soon swept away out of sight of the 
town of St. Charles. My embarkation was a little before sundown, and 
having fifteen or twenty miles to float before I should be upon the waters of 
the Mississippi, I was in the midst of my journey overtaken by night, and 
had to navigate my floating logs as well as I could among the snags and 
sandbars that fell in my way. I was lucky, however, in escaping them 
all, though I sometimes grazed them as I passed, and within a few inches 
of being hurled to destruction. I at length entered the broad waters of the 
Mississij)})!, and a few miles below on the left bank saw the light in the ca- 
bins in which the merry circle of my friends were assembled, and with all 
my might was plying my paddle to propel my two logs to the shore. In 

kfast, and thus 
the few friends 
or care for the 
)een cut down, 
in the top, and 
a tabic in the 
len I made my 
jtate and been 
3, but tohl mo 
;d, as he found 
ies had already 
' settled within 

I mounted my 
of St. Charles, 
e Missouri. I 
juinted on the 
the river from 
ed there. Be- 
ne, Lieui^nant 
n to the Rocky 
lent formed on 
I mouth of the 
le very evening 
eing intimately 
lived to be pre- 
)t being known 
spot where the 
nd on my route 
u'pose, but not 
lov or money, 
ig a couple of 
t of the village, 
irst boat that 1 
hed off into the 
t of sight of the 
) sundown, and 
)n the waters of 
1 by night, and 
g the snags and 
escaping them 
lin a few inches 
id waters of the 
light in the ca- 
;d, and with all 
the shore. In 



tiie midst of my hard struggle I discovered several objects on my right and 
alicad of mo, which seemed to be rapidly approaching me, and I concluded 
that I was drifting on to rocks or snugs that were in a moinont to destroy 
nif. But in an instant one of those supposed snags sihnitly shot along i»y 
the side of my logs, and being a canoe with four Indians in it, and all with 
their bows and war-clubs drawn upon me, they gave the signal for silence, 
as one of them, a tall, long-armed, and powerful man, seized me by the col- 
lar. Having partially learned several of the languages of the Indian tribes 
bordering on the Mississippi, I understood him as he said in the loway lan- 
guage, ' Not a word ! if you speak you diel' At that moment a dozen 
or more canoes were all drawn close around my two logs of wood, astride 
of which I sat, with my legs in the water up to my knees. These canoes 
were all filleil with warriors with their weapons in their hands, and no 
women being with them, I saw they were a war i)arty, and prejmring for 
some mischief. Finding that I understood their language and could speak 
a lew words with them, the warrior who still held me by the collar made 
a sign to the other canoes to fall back a little while he addressed me in a 
low voice. ' Do you know the white chief who is visiting his friends this 
night on the bank yonder where we see the lights ? ' to which I replied 
* Yes, he is an old friend of mine,' ♦ Well,' said he, ' he dies to-night, 
and all those wig-wams are to be laid in ashes. Stet-e-no-ha was a cousin 
of mine, and Qiie-ttm-ka was a good man, and a friend to the white people. 
Tlie pale faces hung them like two dogs by their necks, and the life of 
your friend, the white warrior, pays the forfeit this night, and many may 
be the women and children who will die by his side ! ' I explained to him 
as well as I could that my friend. Lieutenant Pike, had had no hand i the 
execution of the two Indians ; that they were hung below St. Louis when 
Lieutenant Pike was on his way home from the Rocky Mountains. I told 
him also that Lieutenant Pike was a great friend of the Indians, and would 
do anything to aid or please them ; that he had gone over the river that 
night to attend the wedding of a friend, and little dreamed that amongst the 
Indians he had any enemies who would raise their hands against him. 

" ' My friend,' said he, ' you have said enough : if you tell me that your 
friend, or the friend or the enemy of any man, takes the hand of a fair 
daughter on that ground to-night, an loway chief will not offend the Great 
Spirit by raising the war-cry there. No loway can spill the blood of an 
enemy on the ground where the hands and the hearts of man and woman 
are joined together. This is the command of the Great Spirit, and an loway 
warrior cannot break it. My friend, these warriors you see around me with 
myself had sworn to kill the first human being we met on our war excur- 
sion ; we shall not harm you, so you see that I give you your life. You 
will therefore keep your lips shut, and we will return in peace to our vil- 
lage, which is far up the river, and we shall hereafter meet our friends, the 
white people, in the great city,* as we have heretofore done, and we have 



r ■< 





* St. Louis. 

a ' • - 




I » : 

many fricmls thoro. Wo slinll do no harm to any one. My face is now 
l)lackon(<(l, and the niplit is dark, thcrfforo you cannot know nic; but this 
arrow y>)u will koop — it niutrho^ with all the otlu-rs in my (|uivcr, and hy it 
you Clin always rocognizo mo, but the moetinj? of this nijrht is not to bo 
known.' Ilo fravo mo tlio arrow, anti with tiicso words turned his canoe, 
and joining his companions was in a moment out oC sight. My arrow being 
passed under my hat-band, and finding that the current had by this time 
drifted me down a mile or two below the place wiiere 1 designed to land, 
and beyond the power of reaching it with my two awkward logs of wood, 
I steered my course onward toward St. Louis, rapidly gliding over the sur- 
face of the broad river, and arrived safely at the shore in front of the town 
at a late hour in the night, having drifted a distance of more than thirty- 
five miles. My two logs were an omple price for a night's lodging, and 
breakfast and dinner the next day ; and I continued my voyage in a Macki- 
naw boat on the same day to F/r/c Pouc/ie, a small French town about 
twenty miles below, where my'business required my presence, 'i'hc wed- 
ding party proceeded undisturbed, and the danger they had been in was 
never made known to them, as I promised the War-chief, who gave me as 
the condition of n)y silence the solemn promise, that he would never carry 
his feelings of revenge upon innocent persons any farther. 

'* Thus ends the story of floating down the Mississippi River on the two 
logs of wood,' which the Wur-chief alluded to in the (piestion he put to me 
this evening. On a sub$e(|uent occasion, some two or three years after- 
wards, while sitting in the office of Governor Clark, the superintendent of 
Indian atfiiirs in St. Louis, where he was holding ' a talk ' with a i)arty of 
Indians, a fine-looking fellow, of six feet or more in stature, fixed his eyes 
intently upon me, and after scanning me closely for a few moments, ad- 
vanced, and seating himself on the floor by the side of me, i)ronounced the 
word ' liol/asfiecla,' and asked me if ever I had rect'vcd an arrow from the 
quiver of an Indian warrior. The mutual recognili n took place by my 
acknowledging the fact, and a shake of the hand, andun amusing conversa- 
tion about the circumstances, and still the facts and the amusement all kept 
to ourselves. This step led to the future lamiliarities of our lives in the va- 
rious places where the nature of my business led me into his society, and 
gained for me the regular adoption as Bobashcela (or Brother) and the 
badge (the she-she-quoin. or Mystery Rattle) alluded to in the previous 
remarks, and which, it has been already stated, was lost by the sinking of 
one of my boats on the Cumberland River." 

There was a burst of laughter and mirth amongst the 
squaws and others of us who had listened to this curious 
tale, and, as the reader will easily decide, a great deal of 
])lcasure produced by its relation. The supper-table by 
this time was ready, and Bobasheela took a seat by the side 
of his old friend. The author was also in the humour, and 



joined them at their beef-Hteiik and rliichnhohhoo, and so did 
Mr. Melody and Daniel, and all who had joined in the 
merriment of the occasion of Boboslurla s relation of the 
story of his {^oing to the wedding astride of the two logs of 
wood. Aftjr the supper was over, and while the pipe was 
])assing around, a numhei* of other recitals of adventures in 
the " Far-West" continued the amusements of the eveninf 
to a late hour, when the author retired and left them to 
their own jokes and their night's rest. 

The next morning after this was an exciting and bustling 
one, as all were ])reparing, at an early hour, to visit the 
great brewery on that day, as had been promised ; and on 
their way back to see the Thames Tunnel, and the treasures 
of the Tower of London. One will easily see that here was a 
gigantic day's work struck out, and that material enough was 
at hand for my note-book. Dohashcela must be of this party, 
and therefore was not left behind: with all in (except 
the two bucks, who habitually went outoide), the Indian 
bus, with four horses, was a travelling music box as it 
passed rapidly through the streets ; and the clouds of smoke 
issuing from it at times often spread the alarm that " she 
was all on fire within " as she went by. At the brewery, 
whore they had been invited by the proprietors, servants 
in abundance were in readiness to turn upon their giant 
hinges the great gates, and pass the carriage into the 
court ; and at the entrance to the grand fountain of 
chichabohhoo there were servants to receive them and an- 
nounce their arrival, when they were met, and with the 
greatest politeness and kindness led by one of the pro- 
prietors, and an escort of ladies, through the vast labyrinths 
and mazes, through the immense halls and courts, and under 
and over the dry-land bridges and arches of this smoking, 
steeping, and steaming wonder of the world, as the;^ were 
sure to call it when they got home. The vastness and com- 
pleteness of this huge manufactory, or, in fact, village of 
manufactures, illustrated and explained in all its parts and 
all its mysterious modes of operation, formed a subject of 










amazement in our own as well as the Indians' minds — diffi- 
cult to be described, and never to be forgotten. 

When the poor untutored Indians, from the soft and 
simple prairies of the Missouri, seated themselves upon a 
beam, and were looking into and contemplating the im- 
mensity of a smoking steeping- vat, containing more than 3000 
barrels, and were told that there were 130 others of various 
dimensions in the establishment — that the whole edifice 
covered twelve acres of ground, and that there were neces- 
sarily constantly on hand in their cellars 232,000 barrels of 
ale, and also that this was only one of a great number of 
breweriet-' in London, and that similar manufactories were in 
every town in the kingdom, though on a less scale, they began, 
almost for the first time since their arrival, to evince 
profound astonishment ; and the fermentation in their minds, 
as to the consistency of white man's teachings of temperance 
and manufacturing and selling ale, seemed not less than 
that which was going on in the vast abyss below them. 
The pipe was lit and passed around while they were in 
this contemplative mood, and as their ears were open, 
they got, in the meantime, further information of the won- 
derful modes and operations of this vast machine ; and also, 
in round numbers, read from a report by one of the pro- 
prietors, the quantity of ale consumed in the kingdom 
annually. Upon hearing this, which seemed to cap the 
climax of all their astonishment, they threw down the pipe, 
and leaping into an empty vat, suddenly dissipated the pain 
of their mental calculations by joining in the Medicine (or 
Mystery) Dance. Their yells and screaming echoing through 
the vast and vapouring halls, soon brought some hundreds 
of maltsmen, grinders, firers, mashers, ostlers, painters, 
coopers, &c., peeping through and amongst the blackened 
timbers and casks, and curling and hissing fumes, completing 
the scene as the richest model for the infernal regions. 

Every reader will paint (and must paint) this picture for 
himself, imagining the steeping vapour everywhere rising 
in curling clouds of white towards the blackened walls, and 








minds — diffi- 

timbers, and wheels, and stairways, and arches, and 
bridges, and casks, and from amongst and between all 
of these, the blackened faces and glaring eyeballs piercing 
through the steam, upon the unusual, and to them as 
yet unaccountable, fermentation going on (to the admiration 
and amusement of those who were in the secret) in the 
empty vat ! 

At the end of their dance, a foaming mug of the delicious 
was passed around, enabling them more easily and lightly 
to comprehend the wonders of this mighty scene ; and after 
they had finished their round, and seen its varied mysteries, 
a huge and delicious beefsteak, and foaming mugs of the 
cream of chickahohhoo, prepared for them by the kind lady 
of one of the proprietors of the establishment, soon smoothed 
off all the edges of their astonishment ; and after the war • 
dance and the war-whoop, given to please the ladies, they 
again passed under the huge arches and gateways, and took 
their omnibus for a visit to the Tower. 

The mood in which these good-natured fellows had left 
the brewery was a very merry one ; they had got just ale 
enough for the present emergency, and seen an abundant 
and infallible source at the great fountain of cliickahohhoo 
to ensure them a constant supply, and seemed, as they 
passed along the streets, to be pleased with everything they 
saw. They met the man again with the "big nose," and 
succeeded in stopping the bus to take a good look at his 
wonderful proboscis. As the bus stopped, he, like many 
others, came up to catch a glimpse of the red skins, and 
they all declared, on close examination, that his nose at 
least must have been begot by a potato ; for, as the women 
had before said, they could distinctly see the spi outs, and 
Jim and the Doctor both insisted, that " if it were planted 
it would sprout and grow." 

They stopped the bus again to speak with some poor 
Lascars sweeping the streets ; it was difficult to get any 
interpretation from them, though the Indians tried their 






Wi I 

own language on both sides, but in vain ; they gave them 
fifteen shillings, and passed on. 

The Tower, from its outward appearance, did not seem 
to excite in them any extravagant expectation of what 
they were to see within its gloomy walls. They remarked, 
when going in, that " they were going to prison ;" and they 
were of opinion, no doubt, that it consisted of little else, as 
they had as yet heard no other description of it than that 
it was the " Tower of London,'' and they were going to see 
it. Poor fellows ! they guessed right ; they knew not of the 
illustrious prisoners who had pined within its gloomy walls, 
nor of the blood that had been shed within and around it. 
They went to see^ and had enough to engage all their 
thoughts and attention without referring to the events 
of history. We were kindly conducted through the dif- 
ferent rooms, and most of its curiosities explained to us. 
The " small-arms room," containing 200,000 muskets, had 
been burned. The " horse armoury " seemed to afford 
them much delight; the thousands of various spears and 
lances, they thought, presented some beautiful models for 
Indian warfare, and hunting the buffaloes. The beheading 
block, on which Lords Balmcrino, Kilmarnock, and Lovat 
were beheaded in the Tower in 1746, attracted their atten- 
tion, and the axe that severed the head of Anne Boleyn. 

In the Regalia Room^ the crown of her Majesty and four 
other crowns, the sceptres and staffs, and orbs, swords of 
justice, swords of mercy, royal spurs, salts, baptismal fonts, 
&c., in massive gold and brilliant stones, seemed rather to 
disappoint than to astonish them ; and to us, who knew 
better than they did the meaning and value of the^^e mag- 
nificent treasures, there seemed a striking incongruity in 
the public exhibition of them in so confined and humble 
an apartment. 

The Thames Tunnel was our next object, and a drive of 
a quarter of an hour brought us to the dismal neighbour- 
hood of its entrance. Paying our fees, and descending 




some hundred or more steps by a spiral staircase, we were 
ready to enter the tunnel. Walking through its gloomy 
halls, and spending a few shillings for toys protruded under 
our faces at every rod we advanced, by young women sitting 
at their little stalls under each of its arches, we at length 
ascended an equal number of steps, and came to the light of 
day on the opposite side of the Thames ; and in tht' midst of 
one of the most unintelligible, forlorn, and forsaken districts 
of London or the world, we waited half an hour or more for 
our omnibus to make its circuit across the bridge and 
take us up. We sauntered and loitered our way through, 
and as long as we were passing this monster speculation of 
the world, we met, to the best of our recollection, but four 
or five persons passing through, who had paid their penny 
a-head for the privilege. 

While waiting for the bus, some '• on-the-spot " remarks 
were made by the Indians, which I thought had some sound 
sense in them. They thought it must have cost a great 
deal of money, and believed it was too far out of London 
ever to pay ; and they did not see that it was any curiosity 
for them, as they had passed through several on the railway 
ten times s long. They did not think, however, that it 
need be time and money thrown away, as " they thought it 
might make a first-rate place to twist ropes." These and 
other remarks they were making about the great tunnel as 
we were jogging along towards home, and evidently some- 
what surprised that we should have excited their curiosity 
so high about it. 

On our return, after this fatiguing day's work was finished, 
their dinner was ready ; and after that their pipe was 
smoked, a nap taken, and then their accustomed amuse- 
ments in the Egyptian Hall. Their supper was the next 
thing, and with it their mug of chkkahohhoo, then their 
pipe, passing around as they all reclined on their buffalo 
robes on the floor, and then began the gossip about the 
sights they had seen and incidents they had witnessed during 
the day. 

VOL. II. 1 

' ''\ 



! V 


This extraordinary day's rambling had taken them across 
more bridges and through a greater number of crooked 
and narrow streets than they had ])assed on any former 
occasion, which brought the Doctor to one of the first 
and shrewdest reniarks of the evening. He said '* he 
thought from all that lie had seen, sitting on toj) of the bus 
all day, that the English people had the best way in the 
Avorld for crossing rivers, but he thought their ^wMa- were 
many of them too narrow and much too crooked." 

"The ])oor people, and those who seemed to be drunk, 
were much more numerous than they had seen them in any 
other of their drives;" and they weic counting the money 
left in their ])ouches to sec how much they had thrown out 
to the poor. They soon agreed that " they had given 
away something more than thirty shillings, wliich they 
thought would do a great deal of good, and the Great Spirit 
would reward them for it." 

The Doctor and Jitn, the everlasting cronies, on the out- 
side, were ^nparing their estimates of the numbers they 
liad cou cd of the ^^ Koii-to-foo-a(/s (fighters with one 
horn)* that they had seen over the doors and sho])S as they 
had passed along, which they had been looking at every day 
since they came to London, but had never yet been able 
quite to learn the meaning of," and also " the totems (arms, 
as they supposed) of great chiefs, so beautifully painted 
and put out between their chamber windows." 

The Doctor said " he believed the white people had got 
this custom from the Indians, as it was the habit of the 
groat chiefs and warriors to put their 'totems^ over their 
iriff-uHwi doors, but when they did so, they always put out 
scalps on certain days, to show what they had done. He 
had watched these totems in London as he had been riding, 
in all sorts of weather, and as he had seen no scalps or any- 
thing hung out by the side of them, he couldn't exactly see 
how all these pcojjlc were entitled to them ; still, it might 

* Tlio Royal Anns (tlic Lion and tlie Unicorn). 



all be right." Daniel ])ut the Doctor's inquiries all at 
rest on the sultject of" totems and the " one-liorn lighters,"' 
by telling him that it* he would wait a little until Mr. 
('atlin and Mr. Melody had gone, he would give him the 
whole history cf white men's totems, how they got them and 
the use they made of them ; and he would also tell him all 
about tlio " Lion and the Unicorn fighting for the Crown," &c. 

The Doctor here made some comments on the great 
white war-chief (the Duke of Wellington) who had been 
])ointed out to them on horseback as they ])assed him in the 
street, and his wig-wam was aiso shown to them {i.e. to the 
Doctor and Jim as they sat outside with the driver). 
He was disposed to learn something more of him, anu 
Daniel silenced him by saying, *' that alone too for 
awhile, and I will tell you all about him." 

Daniel and Jim I found at this time very busily engaged 
in a corner of the room, with a candle on the floor; whilst 
Daniel was entering in a little book the aslonishing estimates 
given us at the brewery, of the quantity of ale on hand, the 
size and number of the vats, and the almost incredible 
quantity consumed in the kingdom each y(!ar. Jim, as I 
have before said, was the only one of the j-arty who seemed 
ambitious to civilize ; and as he was daily laijouring to learn 
something of the English language, he had this day con- 
ceived the importance of instituting a little book of entries 
in which he could carry home, to enlighten his people, some- 
thing like a brief statistical account of the marvellous things 
he seeing, and was to see, amongst the white people. 

Daniel had at this moment finished entering into it the 
estimates of the brewery and chiduihobhoo, which had opened 
their eyes wider, perhajjs, than anything else they had seen ; 
:.nd he had very wisely left a few blank pages in the begin- 
ning of the book for other retrospective notes and estimates 
of things they had already seen since the day they left 
home. Jim's Journal was thus established, and he was, 
with Daniel's aid, to become a sort of historian to the party ; 
and as the sequel will show, he became stimulated thereby 

1 2 

■ )! f J" 



to {.greater exertions to see and to understand what was 
curious and interesting, and to get estimates of the beauties 
and blessings of civilization to carry home. He laboured 
from that moment ind(>fatigably, not to write or to reaO, 
but to speak ; and made rapid ^)rogress, as will bo seen 
hereafter, having known, as he said, but two English 
sentences when he came to England, which were, " How do 
do r and " God dam." 


{ 117 ) 

-"■ f- X 


■ *;■ 



t ' 


Tho loways iti Vauxhall Gardons— Surrey Tlicalrc — Carter in tlic lions* 
cage — Astonishment of the Indians— Indians in the Diving Bell, at the 
Polytechnic Institution — Indians riding— Shooting at target on horselmck 
— Hall-play — "Jolly fat dame '"— Ladies coi verse with the Doctor — 
His reasons for not marrying— Cm-ions questions— Plurality of wives — 
Annising scene — The Author in Intiian costume — A cruel exj)ennient — 
loways arrive in Hirmingham — The Author's arrival tl 're— Society of 
Friends — Indians all breakfast with Mr. Joseph Sturge — Kind treatment 
— Conversation after breakfast about religon and education — Reply of 
the War-chief — The button-factory of Turner and Sons — (Jcnerous pre- 
sents to the Indians — Bobasheda arrives — Indians dividing their buttons 
— Doctor found on top of the Shakespeare Buildings — Indians' kindness 
to a beggar-woman — Poor-houses — Many Friends visit the Indians — 
Indians' visit to Miss Catherine Ilutton — Her great age — Her kind- 
ness — Dinner — Her presents to them in money — Parting scene— The 
War-chief's speech to her — Her letters to the Author — Indians present 
to the two hospitals 370 dollars— Address read by the Prcsiden .s to the 
Indians — Doctor's reply — Indians start for York — A fox-hunt — Curious 
notions of Indians about it — Visit to York Minster — Ascend the grand 
tower — Visit to the castle and prison — Museum of the instruments of 
murder — Alarm of the Doctor — Kindness of the governor of the castlo 
and his lady — Indians' ideas of imprisonment for debt, and punishment 
for murder. 

The scene of the Indians' amusements was now changed from 
the Egyptian Hall to the open air in Vauxhall Gardens, 
and their dances and other exercises were given in the 
afternoon. Their lodging were also changed at the same 
Jme to the buildinsfs \>ithin the enclosure of the tjardens. 
This arrangement was one of very great pleasure to the 
Indians, as it allowed d free space to exercise in during their 
leisure hours, amongst trees and ohiuLbery, affording them 
almost a complete resumption of Indian life in the wilder- 
ness, as they had the uninterrupted range of the gar- 
dens during the hours that the public were not there to 

- 1 





INDIANS VISir IH)|,Vrr,('llNU'. 

uitiu'ss lluMV iUuus<>monts. This urran^tMiuMil was jdtMsinjv 

Jo tliiMu m anollu'v it's|u'«t, ami to \\h also, us ihiMo wim* 

I t. 




lU*. , (hiiiiis thr\ wtM'o \v{ i\n\'\o\\s lo wri' in 


on, am 


w'.i.'h. as \\\c\ lonM onl\ W siumi at ni^;l\l, onv lovnuM" ar- 
rat\<;iMm nts hail rntivi'Iy pri'ilndi'il tlu-m lVon» stiMu^-. I'mU'v 
thoso now arraniionionts \W\ still hatl llu'ir oninil>ns drivoH. 

nnnu'n>nN Inom 

Is wl 


iuu\ at nii;ht attomlod tlu' |>artios {A' 
hail biHMi lU'siiiMis to show thiMn sonio attontions, ami also 
wiMo taki'n to sovoral instrui'tivo o\hil»itions. ai\il to two or 
throooftho |»vimM|)al thratros. 


o woro thon in tho vii'initv of tho Snni'V Thoalir 


hiMV Mr. Cartor. " tho lior.-lanuT," invitod thoni sovoral 
timos to witnoss his womlovrnl t'oat of ^1)inl; into tlu> lion's 

most, impri'ssivo ami i'\- 



us srono was ono o 

r th 

I'itino- naturo to tluMn, ami will |u-ol>al>ly he as lonj;- ivrol 
loot oil In thon\ as tho womlors o|»onoil to thoiv minils at iho 
Joiaitijin of vhirhalhibhoo. 

Tho Polytoohnio Institution was ono 1 took p'oat |)loaHnro 
in aiTom])anvinii- thon\ to : ami a soono of innoh amusiMUont 
for a nuniorous anilionoo as woll as anuisin}** ami astonishing; 
to thonisolvos. was that of thoir ilosoomling in tho ilivinj;- 
boll. Thov woro at first afraid o[' it. hut iiftiM' tho Doc- 
tor had niado a dosoont with mo. and oonu' out unhurt and 
unwot . sovoral othors wont down with Mr. Molody. uthors 
with .lotlVoy tho old War ohiof with his old friond Itoha- 



s/irc/i). and so on. untu ovory om* ol tho party. uum\. won\on 

f th 

and ohildron. wont dowi 

n ami o\i)orionooi 

d tl 

10 curions 

jsonsation of that (to thoin) <;roatost oi' ninh't'liir (iffnira. 

In Vauxhall (Jardons tho Indians ovootod thoir four wig- 
wams of bnlValo hidos. and in dartinjj^ into and about thorn 
during thoir various o-amos ami anuisoinonts. whilst tho 
bluo snioko was ourlino- out of thoir to])s. prosontod ono 
of tho most oomploto and ])orfoct illustrations of an Indian 
ciU'am|nuont that ; )uld ])ossibly have boon dosipiod. Il 
was the t/ii)i(/ ifsc/j, and tho vory men, womon, and ohildron 
living- and acting on a similar groon turf;, as thoy do on tho 
prairios of tho Missouri. 


iNin\Ns i,\ \ ,\ii\n.\i,i. (j.\him;inh. 


rti\s |tl«'asin<;- 

I .<tti(l«)n, mill 
V lovn\»M' ur 
'inp,-. I'tnlt'v 
iil»Ms (lri\rN, 
iVirmls who 
ms, and uIno 
\d to (wi) or 

I'V 'riu'alvc, 
hrm scviMul 
lo llu' lion's 
uvo an«l t'\- 
1 lonj;' riM'ol 
minds at t1u< 

'i'at |)K>aNun' 
I aninscinont 
I astonisliinj; 

the divinjjf- 
(M* tlu> Doc- 

unlinrt and 
I'lody. othoi's 
iViond lioha- 
iiuMi. women, 
tho curious 

iMT four uii;- 
[ about tluMu 
1. whilst the 
roscntcd one 
:)!' an Indian 
losipu'd. 1 1, 
[vud children 
.^y do on the 


In llu< aM)UN(MnrnlM iis Mumt ^ivrn, ihric was an aildilion 
to Ihosc whi(l\ had hern made ii; l.oiil's ('rn/uf ;/n>niit/ wwur 
weeks lielori', having in VaU'vhall hron^ht hoiHes '" t«> add, 
with eipieHlrian exercises, lo Ihe complelion ol' all liio moiies 
jiraclised l>y this (rilte. The Itiways, liKe moitl ol" (he 
Indians ot the {trairieN oi' America, MnliMist ii|)on tin* food ol' 
the linllalo. and Kill them I'rom their horses' hacks, with 
their hows and arrows, while runnin;>; at I'nll speed. In the 

sanu* nninner they meet their ' nemies in 


i<, in whicli 

they carry tlu'ir shield and lance. Thus inlly ei|iii|)|)ed. 
with their own native shi(<lds and lances, and hows, and even 
tilt* saddles and I ra|)|)iii;j!;H lor their horses, )' , all nioutiled 
upon their hacks, in the midst, of their amiiMemenls, and 
dashing; oir ai I'lill speed, illustrated their modes ol' drawiiif^r 
the how as they drove tluMr arrows into the target, or made 
their warlike feints at it with their loiij^ lanct-s as they 

This formed the most attractive part of tla-ir exhihition, 
and thousands Hocked there to witness their |ioW(*rs of 
horsemanship and skill in prairie warfare. This excitiiij; 
(<xiiihition which pleased the visitors, I c(miI(I have wished 
ini};lit have hetMi less l'ati^iiiii|r, and even dan^'eroim, to 
the limits of tlu> Indians than it actually was from tlu^ awk- 
wardness and perverseiiess and l'ri|.;lit of the horsi-s, not 
trained to Indian modes. Widi all these dilliculties to con- 
tend with, however, they played their parts cheerfully and 
well, and tlu^ spectators seenud hijifhly pleased. Amidst 
the tlironirs who visited them here, we could discovt^r moHt 
of their old standard friends and admirers, who came to h«,u! 
them on hors<<hack. and in the Ix^autiful ^anie of hall, in the 
o|)en gnuinds of Vauxhall, where they could moi<! easily 
apjiroach ami conveis(! with tlujin ; and amoii|i;4i such, the 
"jolly fat danu!" was pr<'sent, and more ph^iHed than (!ver, 
when she could catch tlm Doctor's Hiniii! as Ik; passed hy 
her at full specMJ, and raising his sliieM (»f hnlfalo's hide 
u])on his arm, he darted his loiij^- lance in feints at her 
breast, and sounded the piercinjr war-cry. The vanity of 

! '^r 




H > 


tlu» Doctor was so wi'll suitril in tliis ino(U» ol' llu' t<\hil)iti«)M, 
uhcn* \\c fould (lash l»y ranks atul liU's, and I'vou plialanxi's 
ol' lailirs, with flu* imuIK'ss lloiirislu's oCliis sliii'ld and lanci*. 
that h(' soon l)ri>;an to oxhihit convincing- cvidcncos that, his 
anihition and his vanity wore too nuu'h lor his bodily rv- 
sonrct's. which it lu'canio noci'ssary \o rcpK'nish t)ccasionally 
by rcl'nsin^i him his Ijorsc. on which occasions ho nmdi* i;ood 
ust> ol'liis linu*, by |)hicinp^ hinisclt*. wra|t|)cd in \\\'< robi". with 
his Ian in his hand, by the sith* of the huhcs, witli whom \\c 
conhl oxclianof by this tinu' a low words, and many sip;nili- 
cant K)oks and p>stnros. which ncvrr lailcd to amusi*. an«l 
scUKim raih^l to oporati* n]u)n thrir jjfoni'rons ftH'linj^^s, which 
wiM'c coii'tanlly addinp^ to thi* contents ol'liis tobacco ponch. 
which was now known to bi' a reservoir l\)r numey and 
trinkets ol' varions Kinds, instead of tobacco. 

1 happened to be bv tho side of t!)e Doctor on one of 
tliese occasions, when I became so mnch amnsed witli thi' 
(jnestions and answers, that 1 immediately alYi'r retired and 
committed thiin to my note book. A mnnber ol' jolly fat 
dames, of midille and ktiowiny; a»;e, had drawn them.selves 
aronnd the Doctor, and looking- over their slioulders anil 
under tlu'ir arms, a numbi>r t)f delicate and coy littU' 
j;irls. And havin<; called .lell'rey to translate, they were 
enabled to «»et the i>ist of all he said, without loss frou* 
uuulesty or evasion, which seemed to be exactly what they 
most desired. His friend Jim havini? seen him thus euve- 
h>ped. turned his horse loose and came to his aid (or coun- 
tenance), and as the old man hesitated, .lim gave him tlie 
nod and the wink to be j)lain in his rej)lies. 'I'hey had fust 
asked him if he was married? to which he replied "No." 
'J'hey then asked him why he did not get him awift;? he 
saiil " He had always been very particidar about giving 
oflTence to the women, and he had feared that if he selected 
one in preference to the others, that the others would all be 
oirendcd." This queer re])ly raised a great laugh amongst 
the crowd, and encouratj-ed the Doctor to go on. Some one 
of the ladies then told him she feared he did not admire the 



iiiid lat)«'(>, 
's that liis 
l)()(lily I'o- 

HJUll" 1><)0(I 

n)i)i'. witli 
1 wlioin lu< 
ny sifjfiiili- 
nuisc. and 
nf>;s, which 
I'CO i)oiuIi, 
iionoy uiul 

• on one of 

I with thi' 
otinnl aiul 
)!' jolly fat. 
lUIois ami 

coy littU" 
thi'y wo 10 
, K)88 Iron* 
what thoy 
thus oiive- 
i (or couii- 
rc him the 
y had fust 
iod " No." 

II wifo? ho 
.)ut giving- 
10 soloctod 
)nld all ho 
h amongst 

Some Olio 
idmiro the 



ladioR ojiongh? ho Haid, " ho had alwayH holiovod that tin 
roiison ho did not got maniod waH, that ho adminvj th 


too much; ho Haw ho many that ho wanted, that ho had 

ni'vor (K'cidod which to lako, and ho had taken none 


lody camo up at this time, and socmod a littlo voxod. and 
Haid. "('atlin, you iiad Itottor call that old Tool away, thoso 

il h 

])(o|)lo will s|»oil hiin. ho IS ([into vam onongh now 


no," said I, "lot him alono, h(^ is gratirying the ladios, 
and wo Nliall hi>o, in a fow uioimMits. which is tlio Cool, ho or 
tho ladies who are «|nostioiiing him." Melody smiled, and 
looki'd on. 

*' I havo boon told." said iino of the hidit's. " that wtmo of 
tho liidiaiiH havo a nuinhor of wives: is that ho/" 

" Vos," tho Doctor ie|>liod in Knglish, "soim'timos have 
a hoiij)." (Tho ladies all laughed.) Two or three inquired 
what a " /irdf) " was { .loHVoy Haid, " Why, ma'am, it Ih what 
in our country ineanH a '/«/;' you know what thoy call u 
'/(>rhoro/" "Oh, yes! it moans a groat many." "Vos, 
a number." "Well, toll tho Doctor I want to know what 
they do with so many /" 

i fore tho poor Doctor was (piito at a, loss to know what 
to say; one thing ho was sure to do -he smiled— and it 
seemed as if ho wished that to go lor an answer: and it 
might havo done so with most of her sex, but in this 
instance it was not (piite satisfactory, and the (|uesti(m was 
again put: to which tho big-mouthed Jim, who I said had 
come to tho relief of his friend, and who had a wife of his 
own, ])ut in an instant I'oply, which re'.ioved tho Doctor, 
and sooined very much to embarrass tlu; lady, for she 
instantly added, (as all were bursting with laughter,) " That 
isn't what 1 mean: I want to know how u chief (tan get ahmg 
with so many, how ho can manage them all, and keep them 
in good humour and satisfied; for," said she, " in this country, 
one is quite as much as a man can mjinage." 

This seemed to afford the Do(ttor a little relief, and ho 
was evidently able to go on again, as he smilingly said, " It 
was quite easy, as Indian women were much more peaceable 

, • s 




I'll I 



and quiet than whito women, it wa.s much more easy he 
thou<'ht to nmna^e them ; they drank no chirluihohlnu), 
and therefore did not require so much watchinjr as white 

The lady seemed quite balked in the debate she was 
about cnterinjif on with the Doctor, from her ignorance of 
the meaninji^ of vliickabohhuo, and asked for an cxphination 
of it, as if for all the com[)any about; to which Jim j)ut in 
(apfain in ])lain Knglish), " Gin!'' "Oh ! Doctor," said she, 
" 1 hope you don't accuse the ladies of Lcmdon of drinking 
gin ? " The Doctor re])lied, that " he had not seen them do 
it, but that he had been told that they did, and that it was 
the reason why the ladies here grew so large and so fat." 
lie said, " that they could always look out of the windows, 
where he lived, and just before going to bed they could 
see any night a hundred women going home with pitchers 
full of it, to drink after they got into bed, so as to sleep 
sound : and that one night, coming home in their carriage 
at a late hour, from a distance, where they had been to see 
a show, he and Jim had counted more than three hundred 
women running along in the street, with pitchers filled with 
it in their hands, to drink as they were going to bed." 

The lady's explanation of this, that " It was only harm- 
less ale that these women were carrying in for their masters 
and mistresses," excited the Doctor's smiles, but no reply. 

She seemed not satisfied yet about the first subject that 
she had started, and reverting to it again, said, " Well, 
Doctor, I can't excuse the Indians for having so many wives. 
1 like the Indians very much, but I don't like that custom 
they have ; I think it is very cruel and very Avickcd. Don't 
you think it is wrong ? " 

The Doctor studied a moment, and replied, " that it 
might be wrong, but if it was, he didn't see that it was any 
worse than for white women to have a number of husbands." 
" But what. Doctor, what do you mean ? I hope you have 
not so bad an opinion of white women as that ? " To this 
he very coolly replied, " that when they drank a great deal 

W!9»M"ir-wi^w.'i4''Hliu»» a 

•t V 



»rc easy he 

g as white 

te she was 
;noi'ancc of 
Jim put in 
," said she, 
Df drinking 
en them do 
that it was 
;nd so fat." 
le windows, 
they could 
ith pitchers 
as to sleep 
jir carriage 
been to see 
ee hundred 
} filled with 

only harm- 
eir masters 
no reply, 
ubject that 
id, "Well, 
lany wives, 
hat custom 
;cd. Don't 

I, ''that it 
it was any 
! you have 
" To this 
great deal 

of gin, h(^ believed, from what he had seen in hin ]»racti{'(', 
that a woman would recpiire more than one husband , and 
that since he had been in London he had seen many walk- 
ing in the streets, and st)njo riding in fine carriages, whom 
he thought from their looks, must have more than one hus- 
bnnJ : and from what he had been told, he believed that 

[iond(m had 



many women 

(cried out a very pretty little girl, who had been listening, 
and, frightened at her own unintentional inter])retation, 
started to run.) 

" Come, come, Catlin," said M(dody, " pull the old fellow 
out, and take him away; " and so the debate ended, amidst 
a roar of laughter from all sides. 

One more of the hundred little reminiscences of Vaux- 
hall, and we will leave it. I have already said, that in the 
spacious apartments of Vai'.xhall, unoccu])icd, the Indians 
were quartered, and took theit meals; and during the fore- 
part of the day, between thiir breakfast and the hour of 
their afternoon exhibitions, their time was mostly spent in 
strolling around the grounds, or at their varied amusements. 
Many of my personal friends finding this a pleasing oppor- 
tunity to sec them, were in the habit of coming in, and 
amusing themselves with them. I had accidentally heard 
of a party of ladies preparing to come on a certain morning, 
some of them my esteemed friends, and others strangers to 
me : and from a wish to get relieved from a fatiguing con- 
versation, as well as from a still stronger desire for amuse- 
ment, I selected from my wardrobe a very splendid dress, 
head-gear and all complete, and fully arranged myself in 
Indian costume, " cap-a-pied," with face fully painted, and 
weapons in hand ; and at the hour of their arrival in the 
house, took care to be strolling about in the grounds with 
Wash-ka-mon-ya (Jim). Whilst the ladies were amused 
with the party in the house, where there were constant in- 
quiries for me, two of them observing us two bcaus saun- 
tering about in the garden, came out to keep us company, 
and to talk to us, and with themselves, in the English lan- 

■•■. *i 









guagc, which of course we Indians knew nothing of: when 
we shook our heads to their inquiries, " Do you speak 
English, good Indians ?" I saw they did not recognize me, 
yet I trembled for fear, for they were lovely women, and 
every sentence almost which they uttered would have made 
the discovery more cruel : we held ourselves dignified and 
dumb ; whilst they, poor things, were so much regretting 
that we could not understand what they said. They finished 
their visit to us and their remarks, and returned, leaving 
me to regret my folly upon which I had thoughtlessly 

Several weeks were spent in their daily exhibitions in 
Vauxhall, and, aa one can easily imagine, much to the satis- 
faction of the Indians, and, I believe, much to the amuse- 
ment of the visitors Avho came to see them. Within the 
last week of their exhibition 1 admitted from charity 
schools 32,000 children, with their teachers, free of charge ; 
to all of whom I gave instructive lectures on the position of 
the tribe, their condition, their customs and character : and 
explained also the modes, which were acted out by 14 living 
Indians before their eyes; and but one of these schools ever 
communicated with me after, to thank me for the amuse- 
ment or instruction ; which might not have been a nurious 
omission^ but I thought it icas, at the time. 

With the amusements at Vauxhall ended my career in 
London ; and contemplating a tour to several of the pro- 
vincial towns, in company with the Indians, I took my little 
family to Brighton, and having left them comfjrtably 
situated and providr^d for. I joined the party in Birming- 
ham, where they had arrived and taken lodgings. The 
idea of moving about pleased the Indians very much, and 
I found them all in high spirits when I arrived, delighted 
to have found that the chickahohhoo was the same there as in 
London, and was likely to continue much the same in all 
parts of the kingdom to which they should go. There was 
an unfortunate offset to this pleasing intelligence, however, 
which seemed to annoy them very much, and of which they 



; If 

e amuse- 
a curious 

were making bitter complaint. On leaving London for the 
country, they had spent some days, and exercised all their 
ingenuity, in endeavouring to clean their beautiful skin 
dresses, which the soot of London had sadly metamorphosed ; 
and on arriving in Birmingham they had the extreme 
mortification to anticipate, from appearances, an equal 
destruction of that soft and white surface which they give 
to their skin dresses, and which (though it had been entirely 
lost sight of during the latter part of their stay in London) 
had, with great pains, been partially restored for a more 
pleasing appearance in the country. 

Though I had several times passed through Birming- 
ham, and on one occasion stopped there a day or two, 
I entered this time a total stranger, and in rather a 
strange and amusing manner. On my journey there by the 
railway, I had fallen in company and conversation with a 
very amusing man, who told me he was a commercial tra- 
veller, and we had had so much amusing chat together, 
that when we arrived, at a late hour at night, I was quite 
happy to follow his advice as to the quarters we were to 
take up in the town, at least for the night. He said it was 
so late that the hotels would be closed, and that the com- 
mercial inn, where he was going, was the only place open, 
and I should find there everything to make me comfortable, 
and a very nice sort of people. We took an omnibus for 
town, and as there was only room for one inside, he got 
upon the top, and so we went off; and getting, as I sup- 
posed, into or near the middle of the town, the bus stopped 
at a " commercial inn," which was open, and lighted up in 
front, and a number of passengers getting out, and others 
down from the top, I was seeing to get my luggage in safe, 
and the omnibus drove off with my jolly companion still on 
the top; or this I presumed, as he was not left behind. 
My only alternative now was, to make the best of it, and be 
as comfortable as I could ; so I got into the " commercial 
room," and having been told that I should have a bed, I 
felt quite easy, and told the plump, tidy little landlady. 

■'■; ,( i 



who was waiting u])on mc herself, that I wouhl have a mujr 
of ale and a biscuit, and then be ready to go to bed. As 
she turned round to execute my command, she met a ])arty 
consisting of three young women, and a man leading one 
of them on his arm, and in his hands carrying three or 
four carpet-bags and band-boxes, just got down from the 
same bus, and entering the inn on the same errand that I 
was on. " Madam," said he, " wliat have you ?" — " Hevcry- 
think, sir, that you can wish." " Well, one thing we must 
have, that is, two beds." — " They are re.ady, sir." "Well, 
ladies," said he, ** su])posc we take a drop of wet." This 
agreed to, the " wet " was brought in in a moment, and 
also my mug of ale. 

A very genteel- looking little man whom I had seen in the 
same carriage with mc, and now sitting in the room before 
me, with his carpet-bag by the side of him, and his umbroUa 
in his hand, addressed me, " Stranger, you'll allow me." — 
" Certainly, sir." " I iiiink I heard you tell a gentleman in 
the carriage that you were from New York." — "Yes, I did 
so." •' I'm from there. I left there four months ago, and I've 
gone ahead, or I'll be shot. How long have you bin from 
there, sir ?" — " About five years."' " Hell ! there's been great 
fixins there in that time ; you'd scarcely know New York 
now ; look here, isn't this the darndcst strange country you 
ever saw in your life ? rot 'em, i can't get 'em to do anything 
as I want it done ; they are the greatest set of numskulls I 
ever saw ; now see, that little snub of a petticoat that's just 
gone out there, I suppose she is cock of the walk here too ; 
she's been all civility to you, but I've had a hell of a blow up 
with her ; 1 was in here not five minutes before you by the 
watch, and I spoke for a bed and a mug of ale ; she brought 
me the ale, and I told her to bring me a tumbler and a cracker, 
and she turned upon me in a hell of a flare-up. She said 
she was very much obliged to mc for my himpudence, she 
didn't allow crackers in her house, and as for ' tumblers,' they 
were characters she never had anything to do with, thank 
God ; they were a low set of creatures, and they never got 

* 'i- 



any favour about her house. She wanted to know what 
quarter I came from. I tohl her I wasn't from any quarter, 
I was from half — half the globe, by God, and the better half 
too — wasn't I right, stranger ? She said her house was a hinn, 
to be sure, but she didn't hentertain blackguards, so there 
was my hale, and I might drink it huj) and bo hoff, and be 
anged, and then she cut her string quicker than lightning; 
now isn't she a hard un ? I don't su])pose there is another 
house open in this darned outlandish place at this time of 
the night ; what the devil shall I do ? yoii are fixed snug 
enough." " Oh, well, never mind," said I, " be quite easy, it 
is settled in a moment," — as I rung the bell. The tidy 
little landlady came in again, and I said, " This gentleman 
will have a glass if you please, and a biscuit." — " Hif he leas 
a gentleman, Sir," said she, "but I assure you. Sir, is 
beaviour as'nt been much like it." " Well, well," said T, 
" never mind it now, you will be good friends after a little 
better understanding — he comes from a country where a 
glass is a tumbler and a biscuit is a cracher : now, if you had 
known this, there would have been no difficulty between 
you." " Ho, that I hadmit, but it's very hodd." " Never 
mind that, you will find him a good fellow, and give him 
his bed." "Is bed. Sir? — hit's too late; it's been 
hoccupied hever since you entered the ouse — the only 
chance his for you and im to turn hin." " Well," said I, 
"never mind, he and I will manage that; it is after mid- 
night, and I suppose the other houses are all shut ?" " I'll 
hanswer for that : hif you arc ready, gentlemen, I'll show you 
hup." My friend kept by my side, but knowing the gloomy 
late that awaited him if he got into the street again, he kept 
entirely quiet until the little landlady was down stairs. 
" There," said he, " isn't she a roarer ? 1 could have settled 
the hash with her myself in a twinkling, if the had only let 
me have said five words, but her tongue run so slick that 
I couldn't get the half of a word in edgewise." 

My new acquaintance and 1 talked a little more before 
we "turned in," but much more after we had got into 

■:t .' 


i^ -:i 




♦ '"''■ 










1)0(1. He could rcnmand words and ideas fast enouf>;li 
when he was on his feet ; but I found in him s(miethin{»; 
of Jim's peculiarity, that he thought much faster and 
stronger when on his back ; and for half an hour or so I 
reaped the benefit of the imju'ovement. How long I heard 
him, and how much he actually said, I never could tell 
exactly ; but what he said before I went to sleep I always 
distinctly recollected, and a mere sentence or two of it 
was as follows: — "Well, stranger, here we are: this is 
droll, ain't it? ' hodd,' as the landlady would call it. ^'d a 
been in the streets to-night as sure as cat-gut if it hadn't 
been for you. Cod knows I am obliged to you. Youv'e 
got a sort o' way o' gettin' along ur' these ere darned, 
ignorant, stupid sort o' beings, J can't do it : dod rot 'em ! 
they j)ut me out at every step ; they arc so eternally ignorant ; 
did you cVl-C see the like ? I suppose you are going to stop 
awhile in Birmingham ?' " A few days," " / shall be here 
a week, and be bright and early enough to get into a 
decenter house than this is, and be glad to join you, I was 
told in London that the loway Indians went on here yester- 
day. I'm damned anxious to meet them : you've seen them, 
I suppose?" "Yes, I saw them in London." "Well, / 
did not ; I was just too late ; but I must go and look 'em up 
to-morrow: they know me." "Then you have seen them?" 
'* Oh, dam 'em, yes : I've known 'em for several years : they'll 
be at home with me at once. I've run buffaloes with 
While-Cloud, the chief, many and many a time. He and I 
have camped out more than once. They are a fine set of 
fellows. I'm going to spend some time with them in Bir- 
mingham. 1 know 'em like a book. Oh yes, they'll know 
me quick enough. I was all through their country. I 
went clean up Lake Superior, nearly to Hudson's Bay. I 
saw all the Chi})])cways, and the Black-feet, and the Crows, 
Catlin's old friends. By the way, Catlin, I'm told, is with 
these Indians, or was, when they were in London — he's all 
sorts of a man." "Have you seen him?" "Seen him? 
why, dam it, I raised him, a.s the saying is : I have known 


■ l . J . .! ' | i»iWi J i » li l M Hi ll 

■f'fy '^1 



him all my lifo. I met him a numhcr of times in the 
Prairie amntry ; he 's a roarer." This was about the last 
that 1 distinctly recollected before fijoin^ to sleep ; and the 
next mornini; my vigilant and wide-awake little bedfellow, 
being about the room a little l)efore me, where my name 
was conspicucms on my carpet bag and writing-desk, &c., 
had from some cause or other thought it would be less 
trouble and bother to wend his way amongst these " stupid 
and ignorant beings" alone, than to encounter the Indians 
and Mr. Catlin, and endeavour to obliterate the hasty pro- 
fessions he had made ; ard therefore, when I came down 
nnd called for breakfast for two, the landlady informed mc 
that my companion had paid his bill and left at an early 
hour. I was rather sorry for this, for he was quite an 
amusing little man, and I have never h^ard of him since. 

I found the dum])y little landlady kindly clisj)osed, and 
she gave mc a very good breakfast, amusing mc a great 
deal with anecdotes of the party who called for " a little 
bit of wet ;" she informed me they were a wedding-party, 
and tlie man who had the lady cm his arm was the bride- 
groom. While waiting for my breakfast I was much amused 
with some fun going on in the street before the window. It 
seems that the house directly opposite had been taken by 
a couple of tidy-looking young women who were sisters, and 
that, having established a millinery business on the lower 
floor, they had several apartments which they were anxious 
to underlet in order to assist them in paying their heavy 
rent. Young gentlemen are everywhere in this country 
considered the most desirable lodgers, as they give less 
trouble than any others, are less of the time at home, and 
generally pay best. These young adventurers had been there- 
fore anxious to get such a class of lodgers in their house, and 
had, the day before, employed a sign-painter to paint a 
conspicuous board, in bright and glaring letters, which was 
put up on a post erected in the little garden in front of their 
house, near the gate. The announcement ran, when the 
young ladies retired to bed, " Lodtjings for siiu/le fjentlemeii'^ 


!' j« 




r ./ 



— a customary and very innocent w;»y of offering apartments ; 
but owing to tlio cruelty of some wag during the night, it 
was found in the morning, to the great amusement of the 
collected crowd, to read, " Luiif/iiu/s for siixjlc gentlemen.'''' 
How long this continued to amuse the passers-Ly, or how it 
might have affected the future ])rospects of the poor girls, I 
cannot of course tell, as I forthwith proceeded to a more 
pleasant part of the town, Birmingham I found on further 
acquaintance to be one of the pleasantcst towns I visited 
in the kingdom, and its hotels and streets generally very 
different from those into which my commercial travelling 
acquaintance had that night led me. 

Mr. Melody had all things prepared for our exhibition 
when I arrived, iiaving taken the large hall in the Shaks- 
])eare Buildings, and also procured rooms for the Indians to 
sleep in in the same establishment. 

The Indians and myself were kindly received in Birming- 
ham, for which, no doubt, they, like myself, will long feel 
grateful. The work which I had published had been ex- 
tensively read there, and was an introduction of the most 
])leasing kind to me, and the novelty and wildness of the 
manners of the Indians enough to ensure them much atten- 

In their exhibition room, which was nightly well at- 
tended, we observed many of the Society of Friendss, whom 
we could always easily distinguish by their dress, and also 
more easily by the kind inicrest they expressed and ex- 
hibited, whenever opportunity occurred, for the welfare of 
those poor people. The Indians, with their native shrewd- 
ness and sagacity, at once discovered from their appearance 
and manner that they were a different class of people from 
any they had seen, and were full of inquiries about them. 
I told them that these were of the same society as their 
kind friond Dr. Hodgkin, whom they so often saw in Lon- 
don, who is at the head of the Aborigines Protection Socictg, 
who was the first person in England to invite them to his 
table, and whom the reader will recollect they called Ichon- 



,1 ■ 

na Wap-pa (the straight coat) ; that they were the followers 
of the great Uilliam Penn. whom I believed they had heard 
something about. They instantly jironounced the name of 
" Penn, Penn," around tlie room, convincing me, as nearly 
every tribe I ever visited in the remotest wildernesses in 
America had done, that they had heard, and attached the 
greatest reverence to, the name of Penn. 

These inquiries commenced in their private room one 
evering after the exhibition had closed, and they had had 
an interview in the exhibition room with several ladies and 
gentlemen of that society, and had received from them 
some very valuable presents. They all agreed that there 
was something in their manners and in their mode of 
shaking hands with them that was more kind and friendly 
than anything they had met amongst other people ; and 
this I could see had made a sensible impression upon Acm. 
I took this occasion to give them, in a brief wpy, an 
account of the life of the immortal William Penn ; of 
his good faith and kindness in all his transactions with the 
Indians, and the brotherly love he had for them until 
his death. I also gave them some general ideas of the 
Society of Friends in this country, from whom the great 
William Penn came ; — that they were the friends of all the 
human race ; that they never went to war with any ])eople ; 
that they therefore had no enemies; they drink no 
spirituous liquors ; that in America and this country they 
were unanimously the friends of the Indians ; and I was 
glad to find that in Birmingham we were in the midst of a 
great many of them, with whom they would no doubt 
become acquainted. There were here some inquiries about 
the religion of the Friends, which I told them was the 
Christian religion, which had been explained to them ; that 
they were all religious and charitable, and, whatever religion 
the Indians might prefer to follow, these good people would 
be equally sure to be their friends. They seemed, after 
this, to feel an evident pleasure whenever they saw parties 
of Friends entering the rooiu : they at once recognised them 

K 2 

' ^•■'m 






^; J 

whenever they came in, and, on rctirinfr to their own room, 
counted up tiie numbers that liad aj)peared, and made their 
remarks upon tliem. In one of these conversations I i)leascd 
them very much by reading to them a note which I had 
just received from Mr. Jose])h Sturge, with who n I had 
been ac(]uainted in London, and who was now residing 
in Birmingham, inviting mc to bring the whole i)arty of 
Indians to liis house to breakfast the next morning. 1 told 
them that Mr. Sturge was a very distinguished man, and 
one of the leading men of the Society of Friends. This 
pleased them all exceedingly, and at the hour a])pointed 
this kind gentleman's carriages were at the door to convey 
the party to his house. Mr. Melody and Jeffrey accom- 
panied us, and there were consequently seventeen guests to 
be seated at this gentleman's hospitable board, besides a 
number of his personal friends who were invited to meet 
the Indians, After receiving all in the most cordial man- 
ner, he read a chapter in his Bible, and then we were in- 
vited to the table. This interview elicited much interesting 
conversation, and gained for the Indians and Mr. Melody 
many warm and useful friends. 

Before taking leave, the War-chief arose, and, offering his 
hand to Mr. Sturge, made the following remarks : — 

" My Friend, — The Great Spirit, who does everything that is good, lias 
inclined your heart to be kind to us ; and, first of all, vvc thank Ilim for it. 

" The Chief, White Cloud, who sits by mc, directs me to say that wc 
arc also thanicful to you for this notice you have taken of us, poor and 
ignorant people, and we shall recollect and not forget it. 

" Wc hope the Great Spirit will be kind to you all. I have no more 
to say." 

The simplicity of this natural appeal to the Great Spirit, 
and its close (in which they were commended by the poor 
and unenlightened Indian of the wilderness to the care and 
kindness of their God), seemed to create surprise in the 
minds of the audience, and to excite in the Indians' behalf 
a deep and lively interest. 

After the breakfast and conversation were over, the 

, II 



ave no more 

whole party was kindly sent back by the same carriap^os, and 
the Indians returned in a state of perfect delif^ht with the 
treatment they had met with, and the presents they had 

Poor Jim (the student and recorder) was anxious that I 
should write down the name of IVillidm Pcnn in his book, 
and also that of the gentleman who had just entertained us, 
that he might be able to repeat them correctly when he got 
back to the wilderness again, and have something to say 
about them. 

We found on our return that the hour of another en- 
gagement was at hand, and carriages were soon ])repared 
to take us to the button -factory of Messrs. Turner and 
Son, to which we had been kindly invited ; and on our 
arrival we found ourselves most cordially received and 
entertained. The proprietor led the party through every 
room in his extensive establishment, and showed them the 
whole process of striking the buttons and medals from va- 
rious dies, which pleased them very much, and, after showing 
and explaining to them all the different processes through 
which they passed in their manufacture, led them into his 
ware-room or magazine, where his stock on hand was ex- 
hibited, and package after package, and gross upon gross, 
of the most splendid and costly buttons were taken down, 
and by his own generous hand presented to ihem. These 
were such brilliant evidences of kindness, and would be so 
ornamental to the splendid dresses which they and their 
wives were to have when they got home, that they looked 
upon them as more valuable than gold or silver. These 
were presented to them in the aggregate, and all carried in 
a heavy parcel by the intery)reter ; and when they had 
thanked the gentleman for his munificent liberality and got 
back to their rooms, a scene of great brilliancy and. much 
interest and amusement was presented for an hour or two, 
while they had their treasures spread out, covering half of 
the floor on which they lodged, and making a per capita 
division of them. 






In the midst of this exhilarating and dazzling scene, their 
old friend /?6»/w.s7/^(?/a made his appearance, havit)g just ar- 
rived from liondon on his way to Cornwall. He could not, 
he said, pass withiii a hundred miles of them without stop- 
])in<r to sec them a few days, and smoke a pipe or two with 
them again. Bobnuhecla was sto]»])ed at the door, notwith- 
standing their love for liim ; he could not step in without 
doing sacrilege with his muddy boots to the glittering carpet 
of l)utt(ms which they had formed on the floor, and u])on 
which his eyes wer3 staring, as lie thought at the first 
glance they c(mld have counnitted no less a tres{)ass than to 
have plundered a jeweller's shop. A way was soon opened 
for his feet to pass, and, having taken a hearty shake of thi; 
hand with all, he was offered a seat on the floor, and in a 
few moments found that an equal parcel was accumulating 
between his knees as in front of each, and that, instead of 
fourteen, they were now dividing them into fifteen parcels. 
This he objected to, and with much trouble got them to 
undo what they had done, and go back to the firet regulation 
of dividing them equally amongst fourteen. 

7 ho Shakspeare Buildings afforded the Indians a fine 
promenade in its large portico overlooking the street, where 
all Birmingham passed before their eyes, giving them one 
of the most gratifying privileges they had had, and promis- 
ing them a rich and boundless means of amusement ; but 
their enjoyment of it was short, for the crowds that assem- 
bled in the streets became a hinderance to business, and they 
were denied the further privilege of their delightful look-out. 
'^J'hey were therefore called in, and stayed in, and yet the 
crowd remained, and could not be dispersed, while their 
attention seemed fixed upon some object higher up than 
the portico, which led us at once to surmise its cause, and, 
searching for the old Doctor, he was not to be found : he was, 
of course, upon the pinnacle of the house, wrapped in his robe, 
smiling upon the crowd beneath him, and taking a contem- 
plative gaze over the city and country that lay under his 
view. I could only get to him by following the intricate 





mazes throuj^h which tho ohl hidy (curatress) conduclod inc, 
and throuj^h which the Doctor said ho had rocjuirod 
several days of investi;4ation to find his way, and which he 
had never sncceeded in until just at that moment. 

Under this rather painful embargo there was no satisfac- 
tory way of |)ee])ing into the amusements of the streets hut 
by going- down the stairs, which Jim and his ever-curious 
friend the Doctor used daily and almost hourly to do, and, 
standing in the hall, see all they could that was amusing, 
until the crowd became such that it was necessary to recall 
them to their room. On one of these occasions they had 
espied a miserably poor old woman, with her little child, 
both in rags, and begging for the means of existence. The 
pity of the kind old Doctor was touched, and he beckcmed 
her to come to him. fnd held out some money; but I'car was 
su])erior to want with her, and she refused to take tho 
prize. The Doctor went for Daniel, who, at his request, 
prevailed upon the poor woman to come up to their 
room, by assuring her that they would not hurt her, 
and would give her much more than white people 
would. She came up with Daniel, and the Indians, all 
seated on the floor, lit a pipe as if going into the most pro- 
found council ; and so they were, for with hearts sympa- 
thizing for the misery and poverty of this pitiable-looking 
object, a white woman and child starving to death amidst 
the thousands of white people all around her in their fine 
houses and with all their wealth, they were anxious to talk 
with her, and find out how it was that she should not be 
better taken care of. Jeffrey was called to interpret, and 
Melody, Dohasheela, Daniel, and myself, with two or three 
friends who happened to be with us at the time, were spec- 
tators of the scene that ensued. 'I'he War-chief told her not 
to be frightened nor to let her little child be so, for they 
were her friends; and the Doctor walked up to her, 
took his hand out from under his robe, put five shillings 
into hers, and stei)ped back. The poor woman curtsied 
several times, and, crossing her hands upon her breast, as 




hUc rt'trofttcd to the wall, thanked " his Honour" for his 
kinchu'ss. " Tlio Lard be witli your Honours for your 
loving kindness, and may tlu; Lard of Haven hU'ss you to 
al ctarnity, for ee niver e tiiaught af sich threatnient frani 
Hicli fraightful-lukin gantleniin as ec was a thakin you 
to hii." 

The War-ehief then said to hor, " There, you see,by the 
money wc have been all of us giving out of our ])urses, that 
\vc wish to make you ha|)])y with your little child, that you 
may have something for it to cat ; you see now that we don't 
wish to hurt you, and we shall not ; but we want to talk 
with you a little, and before we talk we always make our 
presents, if we have anything to give. We are here j)oor, 
and a great way from home, where wo also have our little 
children to feed; but the Great Spirit has been kind to us, 
and we have enough to eat." To this the Indians, who 
were passing the pipe around, all responded " How! how! 
how !'' 

The old chief then proceeded to ask the ])oor woman how 
she became so j)oor, and why the white ])eo])lc did not take 
care of her and her child. She replied that she had been 
in the workhouse, and her husband was there still ; she de- 
scribed also the manner in which she had left it, and how 
she became a beggar in the streets. She said that when 
she and her husband were taken into the poorhouse they 
were not allowed to live together, and that she would rather 
die than live in that way any longer, or rather beg for 
something to eat in the streets as she was now doing ; and 
as the cold weather was coming in, she expected her child 
and herself would be soon starved to death. 

The poor Indians, women and all, looked upon this mise- 
rable shivering object of pity, in the midst of the wealth 
and luxuries of civilization, as a mystery they could not ex- 
pound, and, giving way to impulses that they could feel and 
appreciate, the women ojjoned their trunks to search for 
presents for the little child, and by White Cloud's order 
filled her lap with cold meat and bread sufficient to last 


woman how 
id not take 
3 had been 

1 this miso- 
thc wealth 
uld notex- 
ild feel and 
search for 
ud's order 
ent to last 




tlieni for a day or two. Tlio frodd oM Doctor's politeness 
and sympathy led him to the bottom of the stairs with lier, 
where he made lier understand by sijrns tliat every mornings 
when the sun was up to a place that he ])ointed to with 
his hand, if she would conu', she would jijet food enouf^h I'or 
herself and her little child as lonjr as tlu^y stayed in IJir- 
minjrhiun ; .md he recolh'cted his promise, and nuule it his 
especial duty every morning to attend to his pensioners at 

the I 

u)ur appom 


The nu)ral to be drawn from all this was one of curiouH 
interest and results in the minds of the Indians, and a lon^ 
c(mversation ensued amonj^st them, in which Duniri and 
their friend Jiohtis/irrfti (who were familiar with the sulfer- 
inj^s and modes of treatment of the ])oor) took ])art, and 
which, as Melody and 1 had withdrawn, afterwards fjfave us 
some cause to ref^ret that such a pitiable object of charity 
had been brought into their ])resence for the tem]>orary 
relief they could give her, and which resulted in so glaring 
an account of the sum total of misery and ])overty that was 
constantly about them, of the extent of which we both began 
to think it would have been better to have kept them 
ignorant. Daniel and liohaslivela had ()j)ened their eyes to 
the system of poorhouses and other ])ublic establishments 
for the employment and protccticm of the ])oor ; and until 
this account, which was already entered in Jims book, had 
been given theni by these two knowing ])oliticians, they had 
but little idea of this enormous item that was to go into 
the scales in weighing the blessings of civilization. 

Almost daily visits were now being made to their private 
rooms by parties of ladies and gentlemen of the Society of 

* It is worthy of remark, urul due to these kind-hearted people, that I 
should here explain that this was by no means a solitary instance of their 
benevolence in i^irniingham. Wlienevcr they could get out upon the 
portico to look into the streets, they threw their j)ence to tiie poor ; 
and during the time they were residing in Lorulon, we ascertained to a 
certainty that they gave away to poor Lascars and otliers in the streets, from 
their omnibus, many jjounds sterling. 

^r- I 



i . 

if i 

Friends, with ♦vhom they were rapidly advancing into the 
most interesting acquaintance, and which I observed it was 
affording Mr. Melody almost unspeakable satisfaction to 
behold. They were kindly invited to several houses, and 
treated at their tables with the greatest friendship. Of 
these, there was one visit that it would be wrong for me to 
overlook and to neglect to give here the notes that I made 
of it at the time. 

A note was written to me in a bold and legible hand 
by Miss Catherine Button, desiring to know "at what hour 
it would be suitable for her to come from her house, a few 
miles out of town, to see the Indians (for whom she had 
always had a great love), so as not to meet a crowd, for her 
health was not very good, being in the ninety-first year 
of her age." This venerable and most excellent lady I 
hold in the highest respect, from a correspondence 1 had 
neld with her on the subject of the Indians ever since I had 
been in England, though I never had seen her. Her letters 
had always teemed with love and kindness for these be- 
nighted people, and also with thanks to me for having done 
so much as I had for their character and history. I there- 
fore deemed it proper to respond to her kindness by pro- 
posing to take the whole party to her house and pay her 
the visit. Her note was answered with that proposition, 
which gave her great pleasure, and we took a carriage and 
went to her delightful residence. 

We were received with unbounded kindness by this most 
excellent and remarkable lady, and spent a ^ouple of hours 
under her hospitable roof with great satisfaction to ourselves, 
and with much pleasure to her, as her letter to me on the 
following day fully evinced.* After a personal introduction 

' Bennett's Hill, near Birmingham. Nov. \st, 1844. 

My dear Mr. Catlin, — T ha"n seen the nobility of England at a birth- 
night bp.l! in St. James's palace. I have seen the King and Queen move 
around the circle, stopping to speak to every individual, and I have wondered 
v.liat they could have to say. I !:ave seen the I'rince of Wales (afterwards 
George the Fourth) open the Uidl with a minuet, and afterwards dance 

' ll 




Kg into the 
rvcd it was 
isfaction to 
louses, and 
dship. Of 
g for me to 
hat I made 

igible hand 
t what hour 
louse, a few 
3m she had 
)wd, for her 
y- first year 
ent lady I 
dence 1 had 
since I had 
Her lettei's 
r these be- 
tiaving done 
y. I there- 
ness by pro- 
ud j)ay her 
:arriag" and 

by this most 
pie of hours 
to ourselves, 
o me on the 

Vov. Ist, 1844. 

land at a birth- 
id Queen move 
. have wondered 
ales (al'terwards 
'terwards dance 


to each one in turn, as she desired, and half an hour's con- 
versation, they were invited into an adjoining room to a 
breakfast-table loaded with the luxuries she had thought 
most grateful to their tastes. This finished, another half- 
hour or more was passed in the most interesting conversa- 
tion, containing her questions and their answers, and her 
Christian advice to prepare their minds for the Avorld to 
which, said she, " we must all go soon, and, for myself, ! am 
just going, and am ready." When we were about to take our 
leave of her, she called each one up in succession, and, having 
a quantity of money in silver half-crowns placed on the sofa 
by her side, she dealt it out to them as they came up, shaking 
hands at the same time and bidding each one a lasting fare- 
well, embracing each of the women and children in her arms 
and kissing them as she look leave. This kindness melted 
their hearts to tears, and brought old Ncu-mon-ija (the 
War-chief) up before her at full length, to make the fol- 
lowing remarks : — 

" My Friend, — The Great Spirit has opened your heart to feel a friend- 
ship for the red people, and we are thankful to Him for it. We have been 
happy to see your face to-day, and our hearts will never forget your kind- 
ness. You have put a great deal of money into our hands, which will help 

down a country dance ; and I thouglit him a handsome young man, and a 
fine dancer. This was in the year 1780. 

Yesterday, as you well know, for you brought them to visit me, I saw 
the fourteen loway Indians. I shook hands with each, and told them, 
through the interpreter, that red men were my friends. I looked at them, 
as they were seated in a half-circle in my drawing-room, immoveable as 
statues, and magnificently dressed in their own costume, with astonishment. 
I had never seen a spectacle so imposing. At my request, you presented 
them to me separately — first the men, and then the women and children — 
and I gave each a small present, for which they were so thankful. At 
parting, the War-chief stood before me and made a speech, thanking nic 
for my kindness to thnn, which they should long recollect, and saying, 
"that, although we should meet no more in this world, yet he hoped the 
Great Spirit would make us meet in the next." The action of the chief 
was free and natural, and most graceful ; far superior to anything I ever 
saw. Indeed, these people are the nobility of nature. 

I am, my dear Sir, your very obliged and very respectful 

Catherine IIutton. 


f '.^ 



il J 



to feed our little children, and the Great Spirit will not forget this when 
you go before him. 

" My kind Mother, — You are very old. Your life has been good ; and 
the Great Spirit has allowed you to livo to see us ; and He will soon call 
yo" to Him. We live a great way from here, and we shall not look upon 
your face again in this world ; though we all believe that, if we behave 
well enough, we shall see your face in the world to come." 

The chief here stopped, and, shaking her hand again, 
withdrew. The excellent lady was overwhelmed in tears, 
and called to her maid, " Betty, bring all the silver that I 
left in the drawer there ; bring the whoie of it and divide 
it among them ; my eyes are so weak that I cannot see it — 
give it to them, dear creatures ! May God bless their dear 
souls !" Such had been the meeting, and such were her 
parting words as we came away. 

The Indians continued to speak in terms of the greatest 
admiration of this kind old lady, and the certainty that they 
should never see her face again made them for some days 
contemplative and sad. They had many civilities extended 
to them in town, however, which were calculated to dissipate 
melancholy and contemplation. Their repeated visits to 
the house and the table of Doctor Percy were exceedingly 
pleasing to them, where they were amused with experiments 
in electricity and galvanism, and other chemical results, 
to them new, and far be-ond the reach of their compre- 

Their days and nights were now passing away very plea- 
santly, visited by and visiting so mar ' kind friends, doing 
all they could to make them happy — giving their nightly 
amusements at the Shakspearian Rooms, and enjoying the 
society and western jokes of their old friend Bohasheeh, 
and, after their dinners and suppers, their other old friend, 

About this time some very kindly-disposed friends pro- 
posed that a couple of nights of their exhibitions should be 
given in the immense room of the Town-hall, and one half 
of the receipts be presented to the two hospitals, representing 
that upon such conditions they thought the use of the hall 

jet this when 

en good ; and 

will soon call 

not look upon 

if we behave 

and again, 
id in tears, 
ilver that I 
and divide 
lot see it — 
3 their dear 
were her 

the greatest 
y that they 
r some days 
es extended 
to dissipate 
d visits to 
ical results, 
eir comprc- 

\' Very plca- 
icnds, doing 
heir nightly 
enjoying the 
r old friend, 

friends pro- 
is should be 
ind one half 
of the hall 

'I -h 

i" '!■ 



would be granted free of expense, and believing that the 
results would be beneficial to both parties. Mr. Melody 
and I at once consented, and, the entertainments on those two 
nights being for a charitable purpo;,e, the crowds that came 
in were very great, and the receipts beyond what we ex- 
pected, the profits being 145/. I'i*., the half of which, 
72/, 16*., the loways presented to the two hospitals, and on 
the following day were invited to attend at the Town-hall 
at eleven o'clock in the morning, to receive an acknowledg- 
ment of it from the venerable Presidents of the two institu- 
tions, and to hear an address which was prepared to be read 
and given to them. The Indians met the two kind and 
excellent gentlemen (both of whom were Friends), and many 
others, both ladies and gentlemen, of their society ; and 
seeing the results of this meeting likely to be of a very inte- 
resting nature, I took pains to make notes of all that was 
said on the occasion. The venerable Mr. R. T. Cadbury, 
from the General Hospital, in a very impressive manner, 
and suited to their understandings, explained to the Indians, 
through their interpreter, the purpose for which the hos- 
pital was built and carried on, after which he read the fol- 
lowing resolution, which had been passed at the weekly 
meeting of the Board of Governors on the preceding day : — 

" Resolved, — That the Chairman be requested to present the thanks of 
this Board to Mr. Catlin, Mr. Melody, and the loway Indians, for the" 
donation of 36/. 8s,, being a moiety of the net proceeds of two exhibitions 
made for the benefit of the two hospitals at the Town-hall ; and to assure 
them their generous gift shall be faithfully applied to the relief of the sick 
and maimed, for whose benefit the said hospital was instituted, and for 
sixty-five years has been supported by voluntary donations and subscriptions." 

After reading this, Mr. Cadbury presented to each of 
them a copy of the annual report and rules of the institu- 
tion, and expressed a hope that all of them would reach 
their distant homes in safety, and that their visit to this 
country would be beneficial to them. 

The chief. White Cloud, shook hands with Mr, Cadbury, 
and replied as follows : — 




" My Friend, — 1 have very few remarks to make to you. We are all 
very thankful to you for the speech you have maoe to us, and for the prayer 
you have made that we may all roach homo safe. Those words pleased ail 
my peojjle here very much, and we thank you for tl. ">. 

" My Friend, — We have now been some time in England, and, amongst 
all the words of friendship we have heard, nothing has beer, more pleasing 
to us than the words we have heard from your lips. We have seen some of 
the greatest men in this country, and none have delighted us so much as 
you have by the way in which you lipve spoken ; and we believe that the 
service wc have rendered to the hospital will be looked on with mutual 

" My Friend, — The Americans have been long trying to civilize I's, and 
we now begin to see the advantages of it, and hope the Government of the 
United States will do us some good. I hope some of the people ot my 
nation will place their children with white people, that they may see how 
the white children live. 

'* My Friend, — I have nothing more to say, but to thank you." 

After the speech of White Cloud, Mr. J. Cadbury, at the 
head of a deputation from the " Temperance Society'''' (to 
which the Indians had sent also the sum of 36Z. 85.), pre- 
sented himself, and read an address from that association, 
thanking them for the amount received, and advising the 
Indians to abstain from the use of '^Jire-icater,''^ and to prac- 
tise charity, which was one of the greatest of virtues. 

Mr. Cadbury then addressed the Indians, in all the 
fervency and earnestness of prayer, on the all-important 
subject of temperance. His words and sentences, selected 
for their simple understandings, were in the simplicity, and 
consequently the eloquence of nature, and seemed to win 
their highest admiration and attention. He painted to 
them in vivid colours the horrors and vice of intemper- 
ance, and its consequences; and also the beauty and love- 
liness of sobriety, and truth, and charity, which he hoped 
and should pray that they might practise in the wilderness, 
with constant prayers to the Great Spirit in the heavens, 
when they returned to their own country. 

When this venerable gentleman's remarlcs were finished, 
the old Doctor (or Medicine-man) arose from his seat upon 
the floor, with his pipe in his lips, and, advancing, shook hands 



I. Wc are all 
1 for the ])rayer 
rds pleased all 

, and, amongst 
, more pleasing 
re seen some of 
us so much as 
(clievc that the 
in with mutual 

civilize I's, and 
veriimcnt of the 
?. jicople ot my 
(y may sec how 

. you." 

[bury, at the 
Society'' (to 
m. 8s.), prc- 
t association, 
advising the 
and to prac- 

s, in all the 
nccs, selected 
mplicity, and 
cemed to win 
c painted to 
of intemper- 
ity and love- 
ich he hoped 
ic wilderness, 
the heavens, 

were finished, 
his seat upon 
g, shook har.ub 

with the two Messrs. Cadbury, and, handing hispipe to the 
chief, spoke as (ollows: — 

*' My Friends, — I rise to thank you for the words you have s[)okcn to 
us : they have been kind, and we are tiiankl'ul for them. 

" My Friends, — When I am at homo in tlie wilderness, as well as when 
I am amongst you, I always jnay to the (ireat Sjjiiit; and I hclieve the 
chiefs and the warriors of my tribe, and even the women also, pray every 
day to the Great Spirit, and lie has therefore been very kind to us. 

" My Friends, — We have been this day taken by the hand in fricndshij), 
and this gives us great consolation. Your friendly words have opened our 
cars, and your words of advice will not be forgotten. 

" My Friends, — You have advised us to be charitable to the poor, and 
we have this day handed you 360 dollars to help tlr loorin your hospitals. 
We have not time to sec those poor pcoj)le, but we know you will make 
good use of the money for them ; and we shall be hai)py if, by our coming 
this way, we shall have made the poor comiortable, 

" My Friends, — We Indians are jjoor, and we cannot do much charity. 
The Great Spirit has been kind to us though since we came to this country, 
and we have given altogether more than 200 dollars to the j)oor people in 
the streets of London before we came here ; and 1 need not tell you that 
this is not the first day that we have given to the poor in this city. 

"My Friends, — If we were rich, like many white men in this country, 
the poor people we see around the streets in this cold weather, with their 
little children barefooted and begging, would soon get enough to eat, and 
clothes to keep them warm. 

" My Friends, — It has made us unlia])py to sec the poor pco V begging 
for something to eat since we came to this country. In our couui, y we arc 
all j)Oor, but the poor all have enough to eat, and clothes to keep them 
warm. We have seen your j)oorhouscs, and been in them, aiid we think 
them very good ; but we think there should be more of them, and that the 
rich men should pay for them. 

" My Friends, — Wc admit that before we left home we all were fond 
of '■ jire-u-ater ^ but in this country we have not drunk it. Yf r words 
are good, and we know it is a great sin to drink it. Your words to us on 
liiat subject, can do but little good, for wc arc but a few ; but if you can 
toll them to the white people, who make the '■ fire-icater ,' and bring it 
into our country to sell, and can tell them also to the thousands whom we see 
drunk with it in this country, then we think you may do a great deal of 
good ; and we believe the Great Spirit will reward you for it. 

"My Friends, — It makes us unhappy, in a country where there is so 
much wealth, to see so many poor and hungry, and so many as we see 
drunk. We know you are good pcoi)le, and kind to the poor, and we give 
you our hands at parting ; praying that the Great Spirit will assist you in 
taking care of the poor, and making people sober. 
" My Friends, — I have no more to say," 

III ' 



Temj)crance medals were then given to each of the 
Indians, and the deputation took leave. 

A council was held that evening in the Indians' apart- 
ments, and several pipes smoked, during which time the 
conversation ran upon numerous topics, the first of which was 
the interesting meeting they had h(;ld that day, and on 
several former occasions, with the Friends, and which good 
people they were about to leave, and they seemed fearful 
they should meet none ethers in their travels. They were 
passing their comments upon the vast numbers which Daniel 
and Dohaslicela had told them there actually were of poor 
people shut up in the poorhouses, besides those in the 
streets, and underground in the coal-pits ; and concluded 
that the numerous clergymen they had to preach to them, 
and to keep them honest and sober, were not too many, 
but they thought they even ought to have more, and should 
at least keep all they had at home, instead of sending them 
to preach to the Indians. Jim was busy poring over his 
note-book, and getting Daniel to put down in round num- 
bers the amount of poor in the poorhouses and in the 
streets, which they had found in some newspaper. And 
he was anxious to have down without any mistake the large 
sum of money they had presented to the hospitals, so that 
when they got home they could tell of the charity they 
had done in England ; and if ever they got so poor as to 
have to beg, they would have a good ])apcr to beg with. 
The sum, in American currency (as they know less of 
pounds, shillings, and pence), amounted to the respectable 
one of 370 dollars. 

This last night's talk in Birmingham was rather a gloomy 
one, for it was after leave had been taken of all friends. 
Bohashcela was to start in the morning for Liverpool, and 
I for London, where I h;id been summoned to attend as a 
witness in court, and Mr. Melody and the Indians were to 
leave for Nottingham and other towns in the north. So at 
a late hour we parted, and early in the morning set out 
for our different destinationsj bearing with us many warm 

ich of the 

ans' apart- 
h time the 
f which was 
ay, and on 
which good 
ncd fearful 

They were 
lich Daniel 
?rc of poor 
lose in the 
I concluded 
ch to them, 
t too manjf, 

and should 
nding them 
ng over his 
round num- 

and in the 
aper. And 
ke the large 
als, so that 
harity they 
3 poor as to 

heg with, 
now less of 


ler a gloomy 

all friends. 

k^erpool, and 

1 attend as a 
ians were to 
orth. So at 
ling set out 

many warm 



attachments formed during our short stay in the beautiful 
town of Birmingham. 

For what befel these good fellows in Nottingham and 
Leeds there will probably be no historian, as I was not with 
them. 1 commenced with them in York, where I became 
again the expounder of their habits and mysteries, and was 
delighted to meet them on classic ground, where there is so 
much to engage the attention and admiration of civilized or 
savage. I had visited York on a former occasion, and 
had the most ardent wish to be present at this time, and to 
conduct these rude people into the noble cathedral, and on 
to its grand tower. I had this pleasure ; and in it accom- 
plished one of my favourite designs in accompanying them 
on their northern tour. 

On my return from London I had joined the Indians 
at Leeds, where they had been exhibiting for some days, 
and found them just ready to start for York. I was their 
companion by the railway, therefore, to that ancient and 
venerable city ; and made a note or two on an occurrence 
of an amusing nature which happened on the w<iy. When 
we were within a few miles of the town the Indians were 
suddenly excited and startled by the appearance of a party 
of fox-hunters, forty or fifty in number, following their 
pack in full cry, having just crossed the track ahead of the 

This was a subject entirely new to them and unthought of 
by the Indians ; and, knowing that English soldiers all wore 
red coats, they were alarmed, their first impression being that 
we had brought them on to hostile ground, and that this 
was a " war-party" in pursuit of their enemy. They were 
relieved and excessively amused when I told them it was 
merely a fox-hunt, and that the gentlemen they saw 
riding were mostly noblemen and men of great influence 
and wealth. They watched them intensely until they were 
out of sight, and made many amusing remarks about them 
after we had arrived at York. I told them they rode with- 
out guns, and the first one in at the death pulled off the 



'■' ' '. m 

! i 




tail of tlif fox and rode into town witli it under liis liatl)and, 
Tlioir lau<;^litcr was excessive at the idea of "such frc>ntleinen 
huntin<^ in ()])en fiehls, and with a whip instead of a ^un ; 
and that great chiefs, as I had ])ronounced tlieni. should be 
risking' their lives, and the limbs of their fine horses, lor a 
])oor fox, the flesh of which, even if it were good to eat, was 
not wanted by such rich ])eo])le, who had meat enough at 
home ; and the skin of whi h ould not be worth so much 
trouble, especially ■ le iis e\crybody knows, it is good 
for nothing when tlu .i, ■ , pulled off." 

On our arrival in : k oi.n of the first and most often 
repeated questicms which they ^,u^ was, whether there were 
any of the "good people," as they now called them, the 
Friends, living there. I told them it was a place where a 
great many of them lived, and no doubt many would come 
to sec them, which seemed to ])lease and encourage them 
very much. Mr. Melody having taken rooms for them near 
to the York Minster, of which they had a partial view from 
their windows, their im])atience became so great that we 
sallied out the morning after our arrival to pay the first 
visit to that grand and venerable ])ile. The reader has 
doubtless seen or read of this sublime edifice, and I need 
not attempt to describe it here. Were it in my power 
to portray the feelings which agitated the breasts of these 
rude people when they stood before this stupendous 
fabric of human hands, and as they passed through its 
aisles, amid its huge columns, and under its grand 
arches, 1 should be glad to do it ; but those feelings which 
they enjoyed in the awful silence, wore for uone but 
themselves to know. ^Vc all followed the guide, who 
showed and cxjilained to us all that was worth seeing 
below, and then showed us the way by which we were 
to reach the summit of the grand or middle tower, where 
the whole ])arty arrived after a laborious ascent of 273 
steps. We had luckily selected a clear day ; and the giddy 
height from w'liich we gazed upon the town under our 
feet, and the lovely landscape in the distance all around 




i liatband. 


f a {:jun ; 

should 1)0 

rses, for a 

,o oat, was 

oiiough at 

so much 

t is good 

most often 

horc woro 

thorn, tho 

20 where a 

)uld como 

rago them 

thoni near 

viow from 

it that wo 

y tho first 

I'cador has 

and I nood 

my power 

ts of those 


lirough its 

its grand 

ings which 

none but 

fuido, who 

»rth seeing 

h we were 

wer, where 

nn of 273 

I tho giddy 

under our 

all around 

us, afforded to the Indian^ . view far more wonderi'ul 
than their eyes had ])reviously hoheld. Wiiils( wo were 
all engaged in looking upon tho various scenes that lay 
like the lines uj)on a map beneath us, tho old Doctor, 
with his /irojiciijiift/ which has boon spoken of before, 
had succeeded in getting a little higlior than any of tho 
rest of tho ])arty, by climbing on to tho littU' house erected 
over tiio gangway through which we entered u])on the 
roof; and, upon tho ])innacle of this, for a while stood 
smiling down up(m tho thousands of pe()])lc who were 
gathering in the streets. He was at length, however, scon 
to a more conspicuous attitude by raising his head 
and his eyes towards the sky, and for some moments he 
devoutly addressed himself to tho Groat Spirit, who?' 
the Indians always contemplate as " in the heavens, aboo 
the clouds." When he had finished this invocatit)n, lu 
slowly and carefully descended on to the roof, and a'- ho 
joined his friends he observed that when ho was u]) i. !•«* 
" he was nearer to the Great Spirit than ho had over been 
before." The War-chief excited much merriment by his 
sarcastic reply, that "it was a pity ho did not stay there, 
for he would never be so near the Great Spirit again." Tho 
Doctor had no way of answering this severe retort, exce])t 
by a silent smile, as, with his head turned away, ho gazed on 
the beautiful landscape beneath him. When wo descended 
from the tower, tho Indians desired to advance again to 
the centre of this grand edifice, whore they stood for a few 
minutes with their hsnds covering their mouths, as they 
gazed uj)on the huge colunms around them and tho stupen- 
dous arches over their heads, and at last came silently awa}'^, 
and I believe inspired with greater awe and respect for 
the religion of white men than they had over felt before. 

Our stay of throe days in York was too short for the 
Indians to make many acquaintances; but at their exhi- 
bitions they saw many of the Society of Friends, and these, 
as in other places, came forward to offer them their hands 
and invite them to their houses. 

L 2 




Amongst the invitations they received was one from the 
governor of the Castle, who with great kindness conducted us 
through the various apartments of the j)rison, ex])laining 
the whole of its system and discipline to u- . We were 
shown the various cells for different malefactors, with 
their inmates in them, which no doubt conveyed to the 
mindf) of the Inlians new ideas of white men's iniquities, 
and the justice oi civilized laws. 

When we were withdrawing wc were invited to ex- 
amine a little museum of weapons which had heen used 
by various convicts to commit the horrid deeds for which 
they had suffered death or transportation. A small room, 
surrounded by a wire screen, was devoted to these, and as 
it was unlocked we were invited in, and found one wall of 
the room completely covered with these shocking records of 

The turnkey to this room stepped in, and in a spirit of 
the greatest kindness, with a rod in his hand to point with, 
commenced to explain them, and of course add to their 
interest, in the following manner : — 

•' You SCO here, gentlemen, the weapons that have heen used in the 
commission of murders by persons who have bcnn tried and hung in this 
place, or transported for life. That long gun which you see there is the 
identical gun that Dyon shot his father with. He teas humj. 

" That club and iron coulter you see there, gentlemen, were used by two 
highwaymen, who killed the gatekeeper, near Sheffield, by knocking out 
his brains, and afterwards robbed him. lliey were both hung. 

" This club razor here, gentlemen (you see the blood on the razor 
now), were used by Thompson, who killed his wife. He knocked her 
down with this club, and cr.l her throat with this identical razor. 

"This leather strap — gentlemen, do you see it? Well, this strap was 
taken from a calf's neck by Benjamin Ilolrough, and he hung his father 
with it. He was hung here. 

" That hedging-bill, razor, and tongs, gentlemen, were the things used 
by Healy and Terry, who knocked an old woman down, cut her throat, 
and buried her. lliey were hung in this prison. 

"Now, gentlemen, we come to that hammer and razor you see there. 
With that same hammer Mary Crowther knocked her husband down, and 
then with that razor cut his throat. She was hu?ig. 

" Do you see that club, gentlemen ? That is the club with which Turner 




} from the 
ulucted us 
We were 
tors, with 
ed to the 

c(l to ex- 
heen used 
s for which 
mail room, 
lese, and as 
one wall of 
T records of 

1 a spirit of 

point with, 

dd to their 

n used in the 
d hung in this 
eo there is the 

arc used by two 
y knocking out 


d on the razor 

knocked her 


, this strap was 

lung his father 

the things used 
cut her throat, 

you see there, 
jand down, and 

th which Turner 

and Swihill, only ninotoon years of ago, murdercc' the bookkop[tcr near 
Sheffield. Hclh wrrn /itnuf. 

" 1)() you see this short gun, gentlemen ? Tiiis is the very gun with 
which Dobson shot his fatiier. Jltj was hiiiuj. 

"Tiiis hut, gciithMnen, with a hole in it, was the hat of Johnson, who 
was murdered near Siiettield. The iiole you sec is where the blow was 
struck tluil killed him." 

The Indians, who had looked on these things and listened 
to these recitals with a curious interest at first, were now 
becoming a little uneasy, and the old Doctor, who smiled 
upon several of the first descriptions, now showed symptoms 
of evident disquiet, retreating behind the party, and towards 
the door. 

*' Do you see this knife and bloody era vat, gentlemen ? With that same 
knife John James stuck the bailitt' through the cravat, and killed him. He 
ivas exeaihd here. 

" A fire-poker, gentlemen, with which King murdf :d his wife near 
Sheffield. He was huny here. 

*' These things, gentlemen — this fork, poker, and bloody shoes — with 
this poker Ilallet knocke<l his wife down, and stubbed her with the fork ; 
and the shoes have got the blood on them yet. Hallet was huntj. 

" That rope there is the one in which IJardsley was himg, who killed his 
own father. 

" A bloody axe and poker, gentlemen. With that axe and poker an 
old woman killed a little boy. She then drowned herself. She was not 

" This shoe-knife, gentlemen, is one that Robert Noll killed his wife 
with in Sheffield. He was executed, 

"Another knife, with which Rogers killed a man in Sheffield. lie 
ripped his bowels out with it. He was huny. 

" A club, and stone, and hat, gentlemen. With this club and stone 
Blackburn was murdered, and that was his hat : you sec how it is all broken 
and bloody. This was done by ibur men. All huny. 

" The hat and hammer here, gentlemen — these belonged to two robbers. 
One met the other in a wood, and killed him Viith the hammer. He 
was huny, 

" That scythe and pitchfork, you see, gentlemen " 

When our guide had thus far explained, and Jeffrey had 
translated to the Indians, I observed the old Doctor quite 
outside of the museum-room, and with his robe wrapped close 
around him, casting his eyes around in all directions, and 
evidently in great uneasiness. He called for the party to 


'rni-: Indians* ui:fi,kctu)n.s. 

u 1 

como out, for, said he, " I do not think this is a good pliioc 
for us to stay in any h)nj:;or." \Vc all tliout^lit it was as well, 
for tlu- turnki'v had an yet not (Uscrihi-d one-third of his 
(Mriositic's; so wo thankfd liini ibr his kindness, and took 
U'ave of him and his intcrcstinf^ museum. 

We wen' then conducted by the governor's request to 
the n])artments of his family, where he and his kind lady 
and daughters received the Indians and ourselves with 
Much kindness, having his table ])repared with refrcsh- 
jiicnts, and, much to the satisfa licm of the Indians (after 
ti eir fatigue of body as well as of mind), with ])lenty of the 
(>' 'ecus cliichahuhhoo. 

The sight-seeing of this day and the exhibition at night 
fir shed our labours in the interesting town of York, 
Avherc I have often regretted we did not remain a little 
longer to avail ourselves of the numerous and kind invita- 
tions which were extended to us before we left. After our 
labours were all done, and the Indians hud enjoyed their 
su|)j)ers and their chichabuhhoo, we had a J'ipe together, and 
a sort of recapitulation of what we had seen and heard since 
we arrived. The two most striking subjects of the gossip 
of this evening were the cathedral and the prison; the one 
seemed to have fillid their minds with astonishment and 
admiration at the ingenuity and power of civilized man, 
and the other with surprise and horror at his degradation 
and wickedness; and evidently with some alarm for the 
safety of their persons in such a vicinity of vice as they had 
reason to believe they were in from the evidences they had 
seen during the day. The poor old Doctor was so anxious 
for the next morning to dawn, that we might be on our 
way, that he had become quite nervous and entirely con- 
templative and unsociable. They had heard such a cata- 
logue of murders and executions explained, though they 
knew that we had but begun with the list, and saw so 
many incarcerated in the prison, some awaiting their trial, 
others who had been convicted and were under sentence 
of death or transportation, and others again pining in 


Tin: DOCTOirs ALAIiM. 


{rood plilCC 
lis as well, 
lird of his 
, and took 

rcciucst to 
i Ivind lady 
ic'lvcs with 
th refresh - 
Hans (after 
.enty of the 

on at nifjfht 
I of York, 
ain a little 
kind invita- 
After our 
rtjoyed their 
)gethcr, and 
heard since 
f the gossip 
on ; the one 
ihment and 
ilized man, 
irm for the 
as they had 
ecs they had 
8 so anxious 
it be on our 
intircly con- 
such a cata- 
though they 
and saw so 
; their trial, 
dor sentence 
n pining in 

their cells, and weeping for their wives and thildnn 
(merely because they could not pay ihe money that they 
owed), that they became iiorrified and alarnu'd ; and as it 
was the first ])lace where they had seen an exhibition of 
this kind, there was some reason for the poor fellows' 
opinions that they were in the midst of the wickedest 
])lace in the world. 

Tiiey said that, from the grandeur and great number of 
their churches, they thought they ought to be one of the 
most honest and harmless people they had been amongst, 
but instead of that they were now convinced they must be 
the very worst, and re quicker Mr. Melody made arrange- 
ments to be off the better. 'J'he Iiuliaiis had been objects 
of great interest, and for the three nights of their amuse- 
ments their room was well lilled and nightly increasing; but 
all arguments were in vain, and we must needs be on the 
move. 1 relieved their minds in a measure relative to the 
instruments of death they had seen and the executicms of 
which they had heard an account, by informing them of a 
fact tiiat had not occurred to them — that the number of 
executions mentioned had been sj)read over a great number 
of years, and were for crimes committed amongst some hun- 
dreds of thousands of inhabitants, occupying a tract of coun- 
try a great many miles in every direction from York ; and 
also that the j)oor men imprisoned for debt were from 
various parts of the country for a great distance around. 
This seemed to abate their surprise to a considerable de- 
gree ; still, the first impression was here made, and made by 
means of their eyes (which they say they never disbelieve, 
and I am quite sure they will never get rid of it), that York 
was the " wicked own," as they continued to call it during tiio 
remainder of their European travels. I explained to them 
that other towns had their jails and their gallows — that in 
London they daily rode in their buss past prison walls, and 
where the numbers imjjrisonea were greater than those in 
York, in proportion to the greater size of the city, 
'iheir comments were many and curious on the cruelty of 




imprisoning people for debl, because they could not pay 
money. " Why not. kill them ?" they said ; " it would be bet- 
ter, because when a man ir, dead he is no expense to any one, 
and his wife can get a husband again, and his little children 
a father to feed and take care of them ; when he is in jail they 
must starve : when he is once in jail he cannot wish his face 
to be seen again, and they had better kill them all at once." 
They thought it easier to die than to live in jail, and seemed 
to be surprised that white men, so many hundreds and thou- 
sands, would submit to it, when they had so many means 
by which they could kill themselves. 

They saw convicts in the cells who were to be transported 
from the country : the}-^ inquired the meaning of that, and, 
when I explained it, they seemed to think that was a good 
plan, for, said they, " if these people can't get money enough 
to pay their debts, if they go to another country they need 
not be ashamed there, and perhaps they will soon make 
money enough to come back and have their fi'iends take 
them by the hand again." I told them, however, that they 
had not understood me exactly — that transportation was 
only for heinous crimes, and then a man was sent away in 
irons, and in the country where he went he lad to labour 
several years, or for life, with chains upon him, as a slave. 
Their ideas were changed at once on this point, and they 
agreed that it would be better to kill them all at once, or 
give them weapons and let them do it themselves. 

While this conversation was going on, the Recorder Jim 
found here very interesting statistics for his note-book, 
and he at once conceived the plan of getting Daniel to 
find out how many people there were that they had 
seen in the prison locked uj) in one town; and then, his 
ideas expanding, how many (if it could be done at so late 
an hour) there were in all the prisons in London ; and then 
how many white people in all the kingdom were locked up 
for crimes, and how many because they couldn't pay money. 
His friend and teacher, Daniel, whose head had become a 
tolerable gazetteer and statistical table, told him it would 


■ J(l 




not pay 
dbe bet- 
o any one, 
3 children 
n jail they 
h his face 

at once." 
id seemed 
and thou- 
ny means 

that, and, 
/as a good 
cy enough 
they need 
loon make 
ends take 
, that they 
tation was 
it away in 
to labour 
as a slave. 
, and they 
it once, or 

corder Jim 
note -book, 

Daniel to 

they had 
. then, his 

at so late 
; and then 
1 locked up 
)ay money. 

become a 
m it would 

be quite easy to find it all ready printed in books and news- 
papers, and that he would put it all down in his book in a 
little time. The inquisitive Jim then inquired if there 
were any poorhouses in York, as in other towns ; to which 
his friend Daniel replied that there were, and also in nearly 
every town in the kingdom ; upon which Jim started the 
desifi^n of addin": to the statistical entries in his book the 
number of people in poorhouses throughout the kingdom. 
Daniel agreed to do this for him also, which he could 
easily copy out of a memorandum-book of his own, and also 
to give him an estimate of the number of people annually 
transported from the kingdom for the commission of crimes. 
This all pleased Jim very much, and was amusement for 
Daniel ; but at the same time I was decidedly regretting 
with Mr. Melody that his good fellows the Indians, in their 
visit to York, should have got their eyes open to so much 
of the dark side of civilization, which it might have been 
better for them that they never had seen. 

Jim's book was now becoming daily a subject of more 
and more excitement to him, and consequently of jealousy 
amongst some of the party, and particularly so with the old 
Doctor; as Jim was getting more rapidly educated than 
cither of the others, and his book so far advanced as to 
discourage the Doctor from any essay of the kind himself. 
Jim that night regretted only one thing which he had 
neglected to do, and which it was now too late to accomplish 
— that was, to have measured the length of the cathedral 
and ascertained the number of steps required to walk 
around it. He had counted the number of steps to the top 
of the grand tower, and had intended to havo measured the 
cathedral's length. I had procured some very beautiful 
engravings of it, however, one of which Daniel arranged in 
his book, and the length of the building and its height wc 
easily found for liim in the ])ocket Guide. 

The Doctor, watching with a jealous eye these numerous 
estimates going into Jim's book, to be referred to (and of 
course sworn to) u hen he got home, and probably on various 

ill! t 1 i 



occasions long before, and having learned enough of aritli- 
mctic to understand what a wonderful effect a cipher has 
when placed on the right of a number of figures, he smiled 
from day to day with a wicked intent on Jim's records, 
which, if they went back to his tribe in anything like a 
credible form, would be a direct infringement upon his 
peculiar department, and materially affect his standing, 
inasmuch as Jim laid no claims to a knowledge of medicine, 
or to anything more than good eating and drinking, before 
he left home. 

However, the Doctor at this time could only meditate 
and smile, as his stiff hand required some practice with 
the pen before he could make those httle O's so as to match 
with others in the book, which was often h ft carelessly lying 
about upon their table. This intent was entirc'y and 
originally wicked on the part of the old Doctor, because he 
had not yet, that any one knew of, made any reference to 
his measure of the giant woman, since he had caretuUy 
rolled up his cord and i)ut it away amongst his other esti- 
mates, to be taken home to "astonish the natives" on their 

( 155 ) 




Nc\vcastlc-on-Tync — Indians' alarms about jails — Kind visits from Friends 
— Mrs. A. llichardson — Advico of tho Friends — Wur-Chiff's reply — 
Liberal presents — Arrive at Sunderland — Kindness of the Friends — All 
breakfast with Mr. T. Riehardson — Indians plant trees in his gf^rdcn — • 
And the Author also — The Doctor's superstition — Sacrifice— Feast 
— Illness of the Roman Nose— Indians visit a coal])it — North Shields — 
A sailors" dinner and a row — Arrive at Edinburgh — A drive — First 
exhibition there — Visit to Salisbury Cragf — To Arthur's Seat — Ilolyrood 
House and Castle — The crown of Robert Rruce— -The " big gun," — 
"Queen Mab " — Curious modes of building — "Flats" — Origin of — 
Illness of Corsair, the little pappoose — ^The old Doctor speaks — War- 
chief 's speech — A feast of ducks — Indians' remarks upon the government 
of Scotland— " The swapping of crowns" — The Doctor ))roposes the 
crown of Robert Bruce for Prince Alliert — Start for Dundee— Indians' 
lii)erality — A noble act — Arrival at Dundee — Death of little Corsair — 
Distress of the L-'tle Wolf and his wife — Curious ceremony — Young 
men piercing their arms — Indians at Perth — Arrival in (Glasgow — Quar- 
tered in the Town-hall— The cemetery — The Ilunterian Museum — The 
Doctor's admiration of it — Daily drives — Indians throw money to the 
poor — Alarm for Roman Nose — Two reverend gentlemen talk with the 
Indians — War-chiefs remarks- Greenock — -i^octor's regret at leaving. 

Newcastle-on Tyne was the next place where we stopped^ 
and when I arrived there I found Mr. Melody and his 
friends very comfortahly lodged, and all in excellent spirits. 
The Indians, he told me, had been exceedingly buoyant in 
spirits from the moment they left ^'ork, and the old Doctor 
sau"- the whole way, even though he had been defeated in 
his desio-n of riding outside on the railway train, as he had 
been in the habit of doing on the omnibus in London. I 
told them I had remained a little behind them in York 
to enjoy a few hours more of the society of an excellent and 
kind lady of the Society of Friends,* whom they would 

f' 1 

* Miss E. Fothergill. 



recollect to have seen in the exhibition room when they 
had finished their last night's exhibition, who came forward 
and shook hands in the most affectionate manner, and left 
gold in their hands as she bade them good bye, and com- 
mended them to the care of the Great Spirit. 

I told them that Ihis good lady had only returned from 
the country rn the lnht evening of their exhibiting in York, 
and was exceedingly disappointed that she could not have 
the pleasure of their society at her house. I then sat 
down and amused them an hour with a beautiful manuscript 
book, by her own hand, which she had presented to me, 
containing the portraits of seven Seneca chiefs and braves, 
who were in England twenty-five years before, and whom 
she entertained for three weeks in her own house. This 
interesting work contains also some twenty pages of poetry 
glowing with piety, and written in a chaste and beautiful 
style ; and an hundred or more pages in prose, giving a full 
description of the party, their modes, and a history of their 
success, as they travelled through the kingdom. This was 
a subject of much pleasure to them, but at the same time 
increased their regret that they had not seen more of this 
kind lady before they left the town of York. 

Their first inquiries after their arrival in Newcastle 
were whether they would meet any of ' i "good people" 
in that town, and whether th.-t was a j ! ; where they had 
prisons and a gallows like those in London and in York. 
I answered that they would no doubt find many of the 
Friends there, for I knew several very kind families who 
would call upon them, and also that the good lady who 
gave me the book in York had written letters to se- 
veral of the Friends in Newcastle to call on them ; and 
that, as to the jails, &c., I believed they were much the 
' .ane. 

1,1 r. f ort of council which we held there, as we were in the 
Indiai habu of convening one whenever we were leaving 
an ;n ] lot^ging or taking y)ossession of a new one, it was 
\'cr\ grauly ait' diffidently suggested by the Doctor, as 

- r. ■'^" 



the desire of the whole party, that they presumed C/iip- 
pehola* had money enough left in London (in case they 
should fail in this section of the country to make enough to 
pay their debts) to keep them clear from being taken up 
and treated like white men who can't pay what they owe. 
I approved this judicious suggestion, and assured them they 
might feel quite easy as long as they were in the kingdom. 
I told them I was quite sure they had a good and faithful 
friend in Mr. Melody, and, if anything happened to him, 
they would be sure to find me ready to take care of them, 
and that, if we were both to die, they would find all the 
English people around them their friends. This seemed 
to satisfy and to cheer them up, and our few days in 'Nvrw- 
castle thus commenced very pleasantly. From their first 
night's exhibition they all returned to their lodgings with 
peculiar satisfaction that they had observed a greater 
number of Friends in the crowd than they had seen in any 
place before, and many of these had remained until every- 
body else had gone away, to shake hands and converse with 
them. They found roast beef and beef-steaks and chick- 
ahohhoo also, the same as in other places, and altogether 
there was enough around them here to jjroduce cheerful 

I need not describe again to the reader the nature and 
excitement of the dances, &c., in their exhibitions, which 
were nightly repeated here as they had been in London 
but incidents and results growing out of these anms< 
ments were now becoming exceedingly interesting, ar>»4 
as will be found in the sequel of much importance. I 
trust, to those poor people and their descendants. Very 
many of the Society of Friends were nightly attending ♦heir 
exhibitions, not so much for the purpose of witnessii.g or 
encouraging their war-dances and customs, as for an oppor- 
tunity of forming an acquaintance with them, with a view 
to render them in some way an essential good. With this 

* The Author. 




object a letter was addressed to me by Mrs. Anna Richard- 
son (with whom I had formerly corresponded on the subject 
of the Indians), proposing that a number of the Friends 
should be allowed to hold a conversation with them in 
their apartments, on some morning, for the purpose of 
learning the true state of their minds relative to the subjects 
of religion and education, and to propose some etlbrts that 
might result to their advantage, and that of their nation. 
Mr. Melody and myself embraced this kind proposal at 
one* and the Indians all seemed delighted with it when it 
was made known to them. The morning was appointed, 
and this kind and truly charitable lady came with fifteen or 
twenty of her friends, and the Indians listened with patience 
and apparent pleasure to the Christian advice that was 
given them by several, and cheerfully ansx.^red to the 
interrogatories which were ])ut to them. 

The immcaiate ajjpeal and thanks to Ihc " Great Spirit, 
who had sent these kind people to them " by the War-chief 
in his reply, seemed to impress upon the minds of all present 
the conviction of a high and noble sentiment of religion in 
the breasts of these people^ which required but the light of 
the Christian revelation. His replies as to the benefits of 
education were much as he had made them on several 
occasions before, that, " as for themselves, they were too fur 
advanced in life to think of being benefited by it, but 
that their childr'^n might learn to lead and write, and that 
they should be glad to have them taught to do so." Here 
seemed *.o d;>wn ? gleam of hope, which that ])ious lady, in 
her conversation and subsequent correspondence with mo, 
often al/udcd to< as ti o most favourable omen for the desire 
which the Fiiends had of rendering them, some lasting 
benefit. Mr. ? ifr'ody on this occasion produced a little book 
printed in the 'owi,y language, in the missionary school 
already in existci ."e in the tribe, and also letters which he 
had vdst received from the Rev. Mr. I win, then conductin-,' 
the ■ ^hool, giving an enco iraging account of it, and hoi)ing 
that the Indians and himself might return safe, and with 




a, Richard- 
he subjoct 
ic Friends 
h them in 
purpose of 
ctVorts that 
icir nation. 
pro]>osal at 
h it when it 
1 appointed, 
th fifteen or 
ith patience 
ce that was 
,-»rcd to the 

jreat Spirit, 
he War-chief 
of all present 
»f religion in 
t the light of 
le benefits of 
w on several 
f were too far 
by it, but 
rite, and that 
lo so." Here 
pious lady, in 
,ence with mo, 
for the desire 
some lasting 
d a little book 
sionary school 
ters which ho 
len conducting- 
it, and hoping 
safe, and with 

means to assist in the noble enterprise. This information 
was gratifying in the extreme, and all seemed to think that 
there was a chance of enlightening these benighted people. 
The heart of this Christian woman reached to the American 
wilderness in a letter that she directed to this reverend 
gentleman, believing that there, where were the wives and 
children of the chiefs and warriors who were travelling, 
was the place for the efforts of the Society of Friends to be 
beneficially applied ; and thus, I believe, formed the chain 
from which I feel confident the most fortunate results will 

Several subsequent interviews were held with the Indians 
by these kind people, who took them to their houses and 
schools, and bestowed upon them many tangible ])roofs of 
their attachment to them, and anxiety fur their welfare. 
The Indians left Newcastle and these suddenly made friends 
with great reluctance, and we paid a visit of a couple of 
days to Sunderland. Here they found also many of the 
" good people" attending their exhibitions, and received 
several warm and friendly invitations to their houses. 
Amongst these kind attentions there was one which they 
never will forget : they were invited t'^ breakfast at the 
table of Mr. T. Richardson, in his lovely mansion, with 
his kind family and some friends, and after the breakfast was 
over all were invited into his beautiful garden, where a 
spade was ready, and a small tr«.e prepared for each one to 
plant and attach his name to. This ceremony amused them 
very much, and, when they had all done, there was one left 
for Chippehola, who took the spade and completed the in- 
teresting ceremony. This had been kindly designed for 
their amusement, and for the pleasing recollections of his 
family, by this good man ; and with all it went off cheer- 
fully, except with the Doctor, who refused for so mi; time, 
but was at length induced to take the cpade and plant his 


* Sec in Appon'.U.x (A) to this volume CorresponUeiice, i<c., relative to 
lovvay Mission. 

.% t| tM t^ 




tree. I observed from the moment that he had done it that 
he was contemphitive, and evidently apprehensive that some 
bad luck was to come from it — that there was viedicine in it, 
and he was alarmed. He was silent during the rest of 
the interview, and after they had returned to their rooms 
he still remained so for some time, when he exjjlained to mc 
that " he feared some one would be sick— some one of those 
trees would die, and he would mjuch rather they had not 
been planted." He said " it would be necessary to make a 
gr it feast the next day," which I told him would be diffi- 
cult, as we were to leave at an early hour. This puzzled 
him very much, as it was so late thac, " if they were to try 
to give it that night, there would not be time for the ducks 
to be well cooked." They all laughed at him for his super- 
stition, and he got the charm off as well as he could by 
throwing some tobacco, as a sacrifice, into the fire. 

We travelled the next day to North Shields, and the gloom 
that was still evidently hanging over the old man's brow was 
darkened by the increased illness of the Ruman Nose, who 
had been for some weeks slightly ailing, but on that day was 
attack( ^ for the first time with some fever. The Doctor's 
alarm was such that he stayed constantly by him, and did not 
accompany lis friend Jim and one or two others with Daniel 
to the coalpit. This, from the repeated representations 
of Daniel and their old friend Bohaslieela, was one of the 
greatest curiosities in the kingdom, and they were not 
disappointed in it. In this enterprise I did not accompany 
them, but from their representations ascertained that they 
descended more than two thousand feet and then travelled 
half a mile or so under the sea — that there were fifty horses 
and mules at that depth under the ground, that nev vill 
come up, drawing cars loaded with coal on railways, and six 
or seven hundred men, Avomen, and children, as black as ne- 
groes, and many of these who seldom come up, but sleep there 
at nights. This scene shocked them even more than the 
sights they had seen in York, for they seemed to think that 
the debtors' cells in a prison would be far ])referable to the 




slavery they there saw, of -'hundreds of woiiren and chil- 
dren drawing out, as they said, from some nairow places 
where the horses could not go, little carriages loaded with 
coal ; where the women had to go on their hands and knees 
through the mud and water, and ahnost entirely naked, 
drawing their loads by a strap that was buckled around their 
waists; their knees and tiieir k'gs and their feet, which were 
all naked, were bleeding with cuts from the stones, and their 
hands also ; they drew these loads in the dark, and they 
had only a little candle to see the way." This surprising 
scene, which took them hours to describe to their com- 
panions, became more surprising when Daniel told them of 
" the vast number of such mines in various parts of the 
kingdom, and of the fact that many people in some ])arts 
have been born in those mines, and goni* to school in them, 
and spent their lives, without ever knowing how the day- 
li<rht looked." 

Daniel reminded them of the hundreds of mines he had 
pointed out to them while travelling by the railroads, and 
that they were all under ground, like what they had seen. 
Here was rich subject for Jim, for another entry in his 
hook, of the statistics of England; and Daniel, always 
ready, turned to the page in his own note book, and soon 
got for Jim's memorandum the sum total of coalpits and 
mines in the kingdom, and the hundreds of thousands of 
human civilized beings who were imprisoned in them. 

It happened, on the second day that we were stopping in 
North Shields, much to the amusement of the Indians, that 
there was a sailors' dinner prepared for an hundred or more 
in the large hall of the hotel where we were lodging ; and, 
from the rooms which the Indians occupied, there was an 
op])ortunity of looking through a small window oown into 
their hall, and upon the merry and noisy group around 
the table. This was a rich treat for the Indians; and, com- 
mencing in an amusing and funny manner, it became every 
moment more and more so, and, finally (when they began 
to dance and sing and smash the glasses, and at length the 

VOFi. II. M 







tables, and from that to " set-to's," " fisticuflfs," and " knock- 
downs," by the dozens, and, at hist, to a general mCli-o, a 
row, and a fight in the street) one of the most decidedly 
exciting and spirited scenes they had witnessed in the 

It afforded them amusement also for along time after the 
day on which it took place, when they spoke of it as the 
" great fighting feast." 

Two days com])lcted our visit to North Shields, and on 
the next we were in comfortable quarters in I'^dinburgh. 
The Indians were greatly delighted with the appearance of 
the city as they entered it, and more so daily, as they took 
their omnibus drives around and through the different 
parts of it. 

The Doctor, however, who was tending on his ])atient, 
Romati Nose, seemed sad, and looked as if he had forebod- 
ings still of some sad results to flow from ])lanting the 
trees ; but he took his seat upon the bus, with his old 
joking friend Jim, by the side of the driver, smiling occa- 
sionally on whatever he saw amusing, as he was passing 
through the streets. Their novel appearance created a 
great excitement in Edinburgh ; and our announcements 
filled our hall with the most respectable and fashionable 

Their dances called forth great a])])lause ; and, m the 
midst of it, the War-chief, so delighted with the beauty 
of the city, and now by seeing so numerous and fashioiiable 
an audience before him, and all applauding, arose to make 
a speech. As he straightened up, and, wrapping his 
buffalo robe around him, extended his long right arm, 
the audience gave him a round of applause, occasioned 
entirely by the dignified and manly appearance he made 
when he took the attitude of the orator, and he com- 
menced : — 

" My friends, I understand by the great noise you have made with your 
hands and feet, that something pleases you, and this pleases us, as we are 
strangers amongst you, and with red sliins. (Applause.) 






ikI "knocl<- 
riil inr I <•<'-, !»■ 
t cUcuU'dly 
ised in the 

,T\c after the 
of it as the 

ic'lds, and on 
py)eavance of 
as they took 
the different 

his ])atient, 
had for e bod - 
planting the 
with his old 
smiling occa- 

was passing 
ICO created a 

and, \\\ the 
1 the beauty 
id fashionable 
arose to make 
wrapping lii^' 
<r vio-ht arm, 
se, occasioned 
mce he made 
and he com- 

■c inaile with yoiu' 
«ascs us, as wc are 

" My frioiuls, wo liuvo but just arrived in your heautilul city, mid wk 
90C that you arc a dittbrciit |)e()|)h> iVoiri tho Eiitjiish in l^>ti(k)ii, where wu 
have boon. In ^r^iiip info u straii^'o phicc, ain()ii;i9t struiiL'o pcoplo, wc 
always IV'cl soino fear that our dances and oin* noise may not ph'ase — wo 
are 8iiowinfr you liow we dance in our own country, and we believe that is 
what you wish to see. (A]>plau3e and ' JIow, how, how'.') 

*' My friends, wc arc; dclijrhted with your city, wiiat we have seen of it — 
we have seen notldnji' so handsome l)el'(»re — • ■; will try to please you with 
sonic more of our dances, and then we will ue happy to shake hands with 
you. (' How, how, how .'') 

" This is all I have to say now ." (Great applause.) 

Wc were now in the most beautiful city in the kingdom, 
if not one of the most beautiful in the world ; and the 
Indians, as well as ourselves, observed the difFcrcnice in the 
numners and ap])earancc of the j)eople. The Irulians had 
been ])l('ased with their reception in the evening, and, 
in their 'rive during the day, had been excited by the 
inviting scenery ovcrtowering the city, — the castle, with its 

" ^^^S fs^"'" ^'^I'^^S ^^'''^' ^^^' town — the Salishunj Crag, and 
Arthur s Scat — all of which ])laces they were to visit on that 
day; and, having swallowed their breakfasts and taken 
their seats in their carriage, seemed to have entered upon a 
new world of amusement. Their views from, and runs over, 
these towering peaks afforded them great amitsement; and 
the castle, with its crown of llobert Bruce, and other in- 
signia of royalty — its mammouth gun, and the little room in 
which King James I. of England was born ; and in Holy- 
rood House, — the blood of Rizzio uyjon the floor, and the 
bed in which Queen Mary had slept — were all subjects of 
new and fresh excitement to them. 

Nor was their amusement less whilst they were riding 
through the streets, at the constant variety and sudden con- 
trasts — from the low and poverty-stricken rabble of High- 
street and its vicinity, to the modern and splendid sections 
of the cit}' — of crossing high bridges over gardens, instead 
of rivers ; of houses built upon the sides of the hills and on 
rocks ; and many other amusing things that they talked 
alxmt when they got back. 

M 2 





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WEBSTER, N.Y. 145S0 

(716) 872-4503 








To Mr. Melody and .Tcffrcy also, and to Daniel, all those 
scenes were new ; and the Indians, therefore, had com- 
panions and guides enough, and enough, also, to explain to 
them the meaning of all they saw. 

I had been in Edinburgh on a former occasion, and was 
now engaged in looking up and conversing with old friends, 
whose former kindness now claimed my first attention ; and 
in hunting for one of them, I found his office had been 
removed to another part of the city ; and, making my way 
towards it as well as I could, 1 was amused at the instructions 
given to me when 1 inquired of a man whom I met in the 
street, and who, it happened, was acquainted with my friend 
and his location, and who relieved me instantly from further 
embarrassment by the following most lucid and simple direc- 
tion, as he pointed down the street : — " You have only to 
take the first turning to the right, Sir, and it is the top flat at 
the bottom." 1 his seemed queer and amusing to me, though 
not in the least embarrassing, for 1 had been long enough 
in Edinburgh before lo learn that a " flat " was a " story " 
or floor ; and long enough in London to know that one end of 
a street is the " top " and the other the " bottom." 

To a stranger, however, such an answer as the one I 
received might have been exceedingly bewildering, and in- 
creased his difficulties^ rather than diminished them. 

The old law maxim of " Cnjus est sohan, ejus est usque ad 
coclum,^'' would scarcely apply to real estate in the city of Edin- 
burgh ; for houses are not only rented ly floors or flats, but 
titles, in fee sim])le and by deed, are given for floor above 
floor, oftentimes in the same house ; a custom that is difficult 
to account for, unless from the curious fact that so many of 
the houses in Edinburgh are built so high, by the sides of 
hills and precipitous ledges, that an adjoining tenant may 
oftentimes step from the surface of his cultivated fields 
into the tenth or twelfth story of his neighbour's buck 
windows, and, by this singular mode of conveyance, able 
to walk into a comfortable dwelling without the expense 
of building, and without curtailing the area of his arable 



ground. By thus getting, for a trill \ the fee simple for 
the upper story, and of course the priviU'ge of building as 
many stories on the top of it as he should require, when he 
could afford the means to do it, his neighbour below was 
called a " flat." The law, which is generally cruel to most 
Hats, relinquished one of its oldest and most sacred maxims, 
to support the numerous claims of this kind which the side- 
hills and ledges in the building-grounds of the city had pro- 
duced ; and so numerous were the Jiats, and so frequent the 
instances of this new sort of tenure, that the term " flat " 
has become carelessly and erroneously applied to all the 
floors or stories of buildiny^s in Edinbury-h that are to be 
let or sold separately from the rest of the house. 

It was arranged that our stay in Edinburgh was to be 
but for a few days ; and, with this view, we had begun to 
sec its sights pretty rapidly during the two first since our 
arrival. Many fashionable parties were calling on the 
Indians in their apartments, and leaving them presents ; 
and at their second night's exhibition the room was crowded 
to great excess with the fashion and nobility of the city. 
The Indians discovered at once that they never before were 
in the midst of audiences so intellectual and genteel. There 
was nothing of low and vulgar appearance in any part of the 
room ; but all had the stamp of refinement and gentility, 
which stimulated their pride, and they did their utmost. 

in the midst of their amusements on that evening there 
was a general call upon me from the ladies, to ex])lain why the 
little " pappoose in its cradle " was not shown, as announced 
in the bills ; to which I was sorry to re])ly that it was so ill 
that it could not be seen. This having been interpreted to 
the Indians by Jeffrey, and also heard by the Little Wolf's 
wife, the mother of the child, and then nursing it in the 
room behind their platform, she suddenly arranged it, sick 
as it was, in its beautifully ornamented little cradle, and, 
Iniving slung it upon her bacii, and thrown her pictured robe 
around her, walked into the room, to the surprise of the 
Indians, and to the great satisfaction of the gentlemen as 



if ^*^ ' I 



1 ! 


well as the ladies of the whole house. Her appearance was 
such, when she walked across the i)latform, that it called 
forth applause from every quarter. Many were the ladies 
who advanced from their seats to the platform, to examine so 
interesting a subject more closely ; and many ])resents were 
bestowed upon the mother, who was obliged to retire again 
with it, from the feeble state it was then in. This fine little 
child, of ten or twelve months old, and the manner in which 
it was carried in its Indian cradle upon its mother's back, 
had formed one of the most interesting parts of the exhibi- 
tion the whole time that the Indians were in London, and 
since they had left. Its illness now becoming somewhat 
alarming, with the increasing illness also of the .Roman 
Nosc^ was adding to the old Doctor's alarms, growing out of 
the planting of the little ti-ecs^ which he had insisted was 
ominous of something that would happen, but what, he did 
not attemjjt to predict. 

He was daily prescribing and attending his patients, but, 
being without the roots which he uses in his own country^ 
he was evidently much at a loss ; and the ablest advice was 
procured for both of the patients while in that city. 

The Doctor, on this occasion, (though somewhat de- 
pressed in spirits, owing to his superstitious forebodings 
about the sick, seeing such a vast concourse of ladies pre- 
sent, and all encouraging him with their applause as he 
made his boasts in the eagle dance,) made an effort for a 
sensation, as he did on his first night in London. AVhen the 
dance was done, he advanced to the edge of the platform, 
and, with his usual quizzical look and smile from under his 
headdress of buffalo horns and eagle quills, addressed the 
audience. His speech was translated by Jeffrey, and, though 
it was highly applauded, fell much short of the effect amongst 
the ladies which he had produced on former occasions. He sat 
down somewhat in a disappointed mood, when his cruel 
companion, Jim, told him that his attempt " was an entire 
failure, and that he would never take with the ladies in Edin- 
burgh." The old man replied to him that he had better 



try himself, and, if he would lie flat on his back and make a 
speech, perhaps he might please the ladies of Edinburgh. 
After another dance, and amidst the roar of applause, old 
Neu-mon-ya (the War-chief) arose, and, in the best of his 
humour, said, — 

" My friends, I thank tlic Great Spirit who conducted us safe across the 
Great Salt Lake tliat His eye is still upon us, and that He hes led us to 
your city. No city that we liave seen is so licautiful as yours ; and wc 
have seen a great deal of it as we have been riding in our carriage to-day. 
(' How, how, how /') 

" My friends, the Great Spirit has made us with red skins, and, as all our 
modes of lite are different from yours, our dances arc quite different, 
and we are glad that they do not give any offotico when we dance them. 
Our dresses, which are made of skins, are not so fine and beautiful as yours, 
but they keep us warm, and that we think is the great thing. (' How, how, 
how!' Ajjpiausc and ' Hear, hear.') 

" My friends, we have been to-day to see your groat fort. Wc were 
much pleased with it, and the ' big gun ;' we think it a great pity it is 
broken. We c:;w the room where the king of England was born, and we 
feel i)roud that we have been in it. (' How, how, howl' Much laughter.) 

" My friends, we saw there the crowns of your kings and queens as we 
were told. This we don't think wo quite understand yet, but wc think Chip- 
pehola will tell us ail that,— it may be all right. (Laughter and ' Hear.') 

" My friends, we went to another great house where we saw many things 
that jilcased us — we saw the bed in which your Queen slept : this was very 
pleasing to us all ; it was much nearer than we got to the Queen of England. 
(Great laughter.) 

" My friends, this is all I have to say." (' Bravo!') 

After this night's exhibition, and the sights of the day 
which had pleased them so much, there was subject enough 
for a nvimber of pipes of conversation ; and to join them in 
this Mr. Melody and 1 had repaired to their room, where 
wc found them in the midst of a grand feast of ducks, which 
they said it was always necessary to give when they entered 
a new country, and which in this case they had ex])ended 
some of their own money in buying. Daniel and Jeffrey 
were seated with them, and we were obliged to sit down uj)on 
the floor, and take each a duck's leg at least, and a glass of 
the Queens chiekahohhoo (champagne), which had been added 
at the expense of Daniel and Jcflrey, as the ordinary chicka- 








'^ l- 

r 1 



r ■ 

1 i 

4 1 





bubboo did not answer the ohjfct of a feast of that descrip- 
tion. After the feast was over, and the War-chief had re- 
turned thanks to the (rreat Spirit, according to their in- 
variable custom, the pipe was lit, and then the gossip for 
the evening commenced. They had already learned from 
Daniel that there were jails and poorhouscs here as in 
other ])lace8, and were now remarking that they had not 
yet seen Jiny of the " good peo])lc " here, and began to fear 
they had lost all chance of meeting any of them again. 
They seemed to be much at a loss to know how it was that 
here were the crowns and swords of kings and queens, and 
the houses they had lived in, and the beds they had sle])t on, 
and that tli re arc none of them left. They believed, 
though they were not yet quite certain of it, that this country 
must have been conquered by Englaiid. These inquiries 
were all answered as nearly as 1 could explain them ; and 
the result was, that " it was a great pity, in their estimations, 
that so fine a country and people should not continue to 
have a king of their own to put on the crown again, instead 
of leaving it in the castle to be shut up in a dark room." 
They seemed to think it " very curious that the Scotch 
people should like to keep the crown for people to look at, 
when they could not keep the king to wear it;" and they 
thought " it would be far better to take out the beautiful 
red and green stones and make watch-seals of them, and 
melt the gold into sovereigns, so that some of it might get 
into poor people's pockets, than to keep it where it is, just 
to be looked at and to be talked of." 

They thought " the crown was much more beautiful than 
the one they saw in London belonging to the Queen, and 
which was kept in the great prison where they saw so many 
guns, spears, &c."* The joker, Jim, thought that "if ho 
were the Queen he should propose to swaj), for he thought 
this decidedly the handsomest crown." The old Doctor said, 
that " if he were the Queen of England he should be very 

* The Tower. 



well suited to wear the one they had neen in London, and 
he would send and get this one very quickly, and also the 
beautiful sword they saw, for Prince Albert to wear." In 
this happy and conjectural mood we left them, receiving 
from Daniel further accounts of the events and history of 
the country whicli they had seen so many evidences of during 
their visits in the early part of the day. 

Our stay in this beautiful city was but four days, contcjn- 
plating another visit to it in a short time ; and at the close 
of that time the party took a steamer for Dundee, with a 
view to make a visit of a few days to that town, and after- 
wards si)end a day or two in Perth. 1 took the land route 
to Dundee, and, arriving there before the party, had an- 
nounced their arrival and exhibition to take place on the 
same evening. An accident however that iiapj)ened oh the 
steamer compelled it to put back to I'Minburgh, and their 
arrival was delayed for a couple of days. 

During this voyage there was an occurrence on board of 
the steamer, which was related to me by Mr. Melody and 
Daniel, which deserves mention in this j)lace. It seems that 
on board of the steamer, as a passenger, was a little girl of 
twelve years of age and a stranger to all on board. When, 
on their way, the captain was collecting his passage-money 
on deck, he came to the little girl for her fare, who told him 
she had no money, but that she expected to meet her 
father in Dundee, whom she was going to see, and that he 
would certainly pay her fare if she could rind him. 'J'he 
captain was in a great rage, and abused the child for coming 
on without the money to pay her fare, and said that he 
should not let her go ashore, but should hold her a prisoner 
on board, and take her back to Edinburgh with him. The 
poor little girl was frightened, and cried herself almost into 
fits. The passengers, of whom there were a great many, all 
seemed affected by her situation, and began to raise the 
money amongst them to pay her })assage, giving a penny or 
two apiece, which, when done, amounted to about a quarter 
of the sum required. The poor little girl's grief and tear 




l! ( 

still continued, and the old Doctor, standing on deck, 
wrapped in his robe, and watching all these results, too 
much touched with pity for her situation, went down in the 
fore-cabin where the rest of the ])arty were, and, relating 
the circumstances, soon raised eight shillings, one shilling 
of which, the Little Wolf, after giving a shilling himself, put 
into the hand of his little infant, then su])posed to be dying, 
that its tlying hand might do one act of charity, and caused 
it to dro]) it into the Doctor's hand with the rest. With the 
money the Doctor came on deck, and, advancing, offered 
it to the little girl, who was frightened and ran away. 
Daniel went to the girl and called her up to the Doctor, 
assuring her there was no need of alarm, when the old 
Doctor put the money into her hand, and said to her, through 
the interpreter, and in j)resence of all the passengers, who 
were gathering around, " Now go to the cruel captain 
and pay him the money, and never again be afraid of a man 
because his skin is red ; but be always sure that the heart 
of a red man is as good and as kind as that of a white man. 
And when you are in Dundee, where we are all going, if 
you do not find your father as you wish, and arc amongst 
strangers, comj to us, wherever we shall be, and you shall 
not suffer ; you shall have enough to eat, and, if money is 
necessary, jou shall have more." 

Such acts of kindness as this, and others that have and 
will be named, that I was a witness to while those people 
were under my charge, require no further comment than to 
be made known : they carry their own proof with them that 
the Doctor was right in saying that " the hearts of red men 
arc as good as those of the whites," 

As I was in anxious expectation of their arrival, I met 
the party with carriages when they landed, and I was pained 
to learn that the babe of the Little Wolf, which he had 
wrapped and embraced in his arms, was dying, and it 
breathed its last at the moment they entered the apart- 
ments that were i)i epared for them. My heart was broken 
to see the agony that this noble fellow was in, embracing 



his little hoy, and layin*^ him down in the last gasp of death, 
in A foreign land, and amongst strangers. Wa all wejit for 
the hearthroken parents, and also for the dear little 
" Corsair," as he was called (from the name of the steamer 
on which he was horn, on the Ohio river in the United 
States). We had all become attached to the little fellow, 
and his death caused a gloom amongst the whole party. 
The old Doctor looked more sad than ever, and evidently 
beheld the symi)toms of Roman Aose as more alarming than 
they had been. 

A council was called, as the first step after their arrival, 
and a pipe was passed around in solemn silence ; after which 
it was asked by the War- chief if I knew of any of the " good 
people " in that town ; to which I answered that " I was a 
stranger there, and did not know of any one." It seemed 
it was an occasion on which they felt that it would be an 
unusual pleasure to meet some of them, as the Little Wolf 
and his wife had expressed a wish to find some. It occurred 
then to Mr. Melody that he had a letter to a lady 1 hat 
town, and, on delivering it, found she was one of that 
society, and, with another kind friend, she called and 
administered comfort to these wretched parents in the 
midst of their distress. They brought the necessary clothes 
for the child's remains, and, when we had the coffin prepared, 
laid it out with the kindest hands, and prepared it for the 
grave ; and their other continued and kind offices tended to 
soothe the anguished breasts of the parents while wc re- 
mained there. 

It is a subject of regret to me that I have lost the names 
of those two excellent ladies, to whom my public acknow- 
ledgments are so justly due. After they had laid the 
remains of the child in the coffin, each of the young men of 
the party ran a knife through the fleshy part of their left 
arms, and, drawing a white feather through the wounds, 
deposited the feathers with the blood on them in the coffin 
with the body. I'his done, the father and mother brought 
all they j)ossessed, excepting the clothes which they had on. 

1 ■ 









f i 



i i 




U I 


and presented to them, accordinj^ to the custom of their 
country, and also all the fine presents they had received, 
their money, trinkets, weapons, &c. This is one of the 
curious modes of that tribe, and is considered necessary to 
be conformed to in all cases where a child dies. The ])arents 
arc bound to give away all they possess in the world, I 
believe, however, that it is understood that, after a certain 
time, these goods are returned, and oftentimes with increased 
treasures attending them. 

There now came another I)ang for the heart of this noblo 
fellow, the Little Wolf, and one which seemed to shake his 
manly frame more than that he had already felt. His child 
he could not take with him, and the thought of leaving it in a 
strange burying-ground, and " to be dug up," as he said he 
knew it would be, seemed to make his misery and that of 
his wife complete. However, in the midst of his griefs, he 
suggested that, if it were ])Ossiblc to have it conveyed to 
their kind friends in Ncwcastle-on-Tyne, he was sure tiiose 
" good peoj)k'," who treated them so kindly, would be glad 
to bury it in their beautiful burying-ground which he had 
seen, where it would be at home, and he and his wife should 
then feel happy. Mr. Melody at once proposed to take it 
there himself, and attend to its burial, which ])leased the 
parents very much, and he started the next day with it. 
He was received with the greatest kindness by Mrs, A. 
Richardson and their other kind friends, who attended to 
its burial in the society's beautiful cemetery.* 

Our visit to the delightful little town of Perth was made, 
where we remained, ar.d the Indians astonished and pleased 
with their wild and unheard-of modes, for two days. We 
then were within fifteen miles of Merthyl Castle, t'^c seat 
of Sir William Drummond Stewart, the well-known and 

* Tlie reader is roferred to the fervent breathing pages of a little period- 
ical, entitled the ' Olive Branch,' for a most feeling and impressive account 
of the reception of this little child's remains, and its bm'iul in their beauti- 
ful cemetery, by the Friends in Ncwcastle-on-Tyne. 


17: J 

Itold trnvollor of the prairies and Rocky >^onntains of 
Aincrira, whose friemlly invitation we received to visit his 
noble mansion, hut which I shall Um^ r( {rrct came so hite 
that other enjrapjements we had entered into in Kdinbur{,di 
and Glasgow prevented tis from complying with it. 

Our way was now back, and, having re])eated their exhi- 
bitions a few nights longer in I'Minburgh. and, as btjfore, to 
crowded and fashionable houses, we connnenced uptm our 
visit to the noble city of Glasgow. On our arrival, the 
])arty were taken in an omnibus from the station to the 
town-hall, in which it was arranged their exhibitions were 
to be given, and in a jjrivate room of which the Indians 
were to lodge. 

They were pleased with the part of the city they saw as 
they entered it, and were in good 8})irits and cheer, and 
I)rei)ared for the few days they were to sto]) there. The 
same arrangement was at once made by Mr. Melody, as in 
other places, to give them their daily ride in an omnibus 
for their health, and for the ])urpose of giving them a view 
of everything to be seen about the town. In their drives 
about the city of CJlasgow there was not so much of the 
picturesque and change to amuse them as they saw in 
Edinburgh, yet everything was new and pleasing. 

The beautiful cemetery attracted their highest admira- 
tion of anything they saw, with all the party but the Doctor, 
whose whole and undivided admiration was withheld from 
everything else to be centred in the noble Huntcrian Mu- 
seum : the vapour-baths, conservatories, &c., which had 
before arrested his attention, were all sunk and lost sight of 
in this. After each and every of his visits to it he returned 
dejected and cast down with the conviction of his own igno- 
rance and white man's superior skill. He wished very 
much to sec the great man who made all those wonderful 
preparations of diseases, and the astonishing models in wax, 
as he would be so proud to oflcr him his hand ; but, being 
informed that he had been dead for many years, he seemed 

I '• 



1 1 


J .^^i 




1 - ' ' 'T 

' 4. 




sad that thi>rc was no way uf |mying him the tribute of Iuh 

Their cxhil)itionR, wliich were given nightly, na they had 
been given in the I']gy])tian Hall, were nightly explained by 
me in the same way, and i'nlly and fashionably attended. 
The same kind of excitement was re))eated — Hpeeches were 
made, and rounds of ap])lause — young ladies falling in love 
— Indians' talks at night, and their suppers of beef-steaks 
and chichahohlHto. 

Another ])resent of Bibles, e(piul in number to the num- 
ber of Indians, was handed on to the platform from an 
unknown hand, and each one had the Indian name of its 
owner handsomely written in its front. 

Scarcely a day or an evening pa.ssed but they received 
more or Bibles from the hands of the kind and Christian 
])Co]»le who were witnessing their amusements or inviting 
them to their houses; and from the continued access to their 
stock during their whole career, together with toys, with 
cloths and knives, and other ])re8ents, their baggage was 
becoming actually of a troublesome size. 

In taking their daily drives about town they had several 
times passed through some of the most po])ulous and at the 
same time impoverished ])arts of the city ; and the great 
numbers of poor and squalid-looking and barefooted crea- 
tures they saw walking in the snow had excited their 
deepest ])ity, and they had got in the daily habit of throw- 
ing pennies to them as they y)assed along. The numbers 
of the ragged poor that they saw there they represented 
as surpassing all they had seen in their whole travels. 
They inquired whether there were any poor-houses there, 
and, being informed that there were a number, and all 
full, they seemed to be yet even more surprised. They 
were in the habit daily, until Mr. Melody and myself de- 
cided it was best to check it, of each getting some shillings 
changed into pennies before they started on their ride, to 
scatter among the poor that they passed. Their gene- 







1 t 


ibutc of hig 

ns thoy liad 
xplaintMl by 
y attendod. 
cochcs wore 
Un^ in love 

t(» the niun- 
rin J'roin an 
name of its 

icy roccived 
nd Christian 
or inviting 
•cess to their 
li toys, with 
bafjgage was 

had several 
js and at the 
id the great 
,'footed crea- 
xcited their 
i)it of throw- 
riie numl)ers 
hole travels, 
louses there, 
ber, and all 
rised. They 
1 myself de- 
oine shillings 
their ride, to 
Their gene- 

rosity became a sul)je(t so well kiiown in a few days, that 
liu'ir carriage was (bllowi'd to their d(K)r, where gangs of 
beggars were stationed great ])art of the day to get their 
])ennies "when the savages wentout." Some ])ounds of their 
money they thus threw out into tne streets of this great 
and splendid city, in spite of all wc could do to ])revent 

Our apprehensions were now becoming very great, and of 
course very painful, for the fate of the ])oor liouidn i\o.sf : he 
seemed daily to be losing flesh and strength, and one of the 
most distinguished jjhysicians, who was attending on him, 
pronounced his disease to be pulmonary consumj)tion. This 
was the first decided alarm we had about hin>, and still it was 
difficult to believe that so fine and healthy a looking man as 
he a])peared but a few months before should be thus ra])idly 
sinking down with such a disease, lie was able to be walk- 
ing and riding about, but was weak, and took no ])art in the 

About this time, as I was entering the Indians' room one 
morning, I met two gentlemen coming down the stairs, who 
recognised me, and said they had ])ro])osed to the interi)reter 
and the Indians to have had a little time with them to talk 
upon the subjects of religion and education, and to know 
whether missionaries could not be sent into their country to 
teach and christianise them ; and they were afraid they 
might not have been understood, for they were answered 
that the Indians did not wish to see them. At that mo- 
ment Jeffrey was coming u]) the stairs, and, as it could not 
have been him whom they saw, I presumed it might have 
been Daniel who refused them admittance, as he might 
have been unable to understand the Indians. Jeffrey told 
them that they had got almost tired of talking Avith so many 
in London, but still they could go up, and the Indians, he 
thought, would be glad to see them. Mr. Melody happened 
at the moment to be passing also, and he invited them u]). 
They were introduced to the Indians and their object ex- 
])lained by Jeffrey. The War-chief then said to them, as he 


■|*, ' 

. .■. 1. 


^? ,*■ 




. f 

was sitting on the floor in a corner of the room, that he 
didn't see any necessity of their talking at all, for all they 
would have to say they had heard from much more intelli- 
gent-loc'^ing men than thoy were, in London, and in other 
places, and -hey had given their answers at full length, 
which Chippehola had written all down. 

" Now, my friends," said he, " I will tell you that when wc first camo 
over to this country wc thought that where you had so many preachers, so 
many to read and explain the good book, we should find the white people 
all good and sober people ; but as wc travel about we find this was all a 
mistake. When wc first came over we thought t'ut white man's religion 
would make all people good, and we then would have been glad to talk 
with you, but now we cannot say that we like to do it any more." (' Howi 
how, how!' responded all, as Jim, who was then lying c»i a large table, and 
resting on one elbov, was gradually turning over on to hi;, back, and drawing- 
up his knees in the attitude of speaking,) 

The War-chief continued : — 

" My friends — I am willing to talk with you if it can do any good tc the 
Hundreds and thousands of poor and hungry people that we see in your 
streets every day when we ride out. We see liundreds of little children 
with their naked feet in the snow, and we pity them, for we know they are 
hungry, and we give them money every time we pass by them. In four 
days we have given twenty dollars to hungry children — we give ojir money 
only to children. We are told that the fathers of these children are in the 
houses where they sell fire-water, and are drunk, and in their words they 
every moment abuse and insult the Great Spirit. You talk about sending 
black-coats among the Indians : now we have no such poor children among 
us ; we have no such drunkards, or people who abuse the Great Spirit. 
Indians dare not do so. They pray to the Great Spirit, and he is kind to 
them. Now we think it would be better for your teachers all to stay at 
home, and go to work ri ht here in your own streets, ■,,i;cre all your good 
work is wanted. This is my advice. I would rather not say any more." 
(To this all responded ' How, how, how .'') 

Jim had evidently got ready to speak, and showed signs 
of beginning ; but White-cloud spoke to him, and wished 
him not to say anything. Tt was decided by these gentle- 
men at onoc to be best not to urge the conversation with 
them ; and Mr. Melody explained to them the number 
of times they had heard and said all thi't could be said on 
the subject while in London, and that they were out of pa- 





ticnco, and of course a little out of the humour for it. 
These gentlemen, however, took great interest in them, and 
handed to each of the chiefs a handsome Bible, impressing 
upon thei^ the importance of the words of the Great Spirit, 
which were certainly all contained in them, and which they 
hoped the Indians might have translated to them. And as I 
was descending the stairs with them, one of thera Raid to me 
that he never in his life heard truer remarks, or a lesson 
that more distinctly and forcibly pointed out the primary 
duties of his profession. 

A few days more, the incidents of which I need not name, 
finished our visit to the city of Glasgow; and an hour or 
more by the railway, along the banks of the beautiful Clyde, 
and passing Dumbarton Castle, landed us in the snag little 
town of Greenock, from which we were to take steamer to 

The Indians gave their dances and other aUiUsements 
there for three or four evenings before we took leave. They 
were looked upon there as great curiosities, but scarcely 
formed any acquaintances or attachments, except in one 
branch of our concern. All were anxious to leave and be 
on the way to Dublin, except the Doctor, >vho thought 
it was bad policy to leave so quick ; and though he got on 
to the steamer with all the rest, he did it very reluctantly, 
without assigning any reason for it until we were on the 
voyage, when he acknowledged to Daniel that the reason 
why he disliked to leave so soon was, that " one of the little 
maids in the hotel where they lodged used to come in every 
night, after all were asleep, and lie by the side of him on 
his buffalo robe." For this simple acknowlecjmcnt all 
seemed rather to sympathise with the polite old gen Jeman ; 
but it was now too late for a remedy, for we were near to 
the desired city of Dublin 

■ m 



( ^78 ) 


:( I 



Arrival in Dublin — Decline of the Roman Nose — Exhibition in the Ro- 
tunda — Feast of ducks — First drive — Phoenix Park — Stags — Indians* 
ideas of game-laws and taxes — Annual expenses of British government 
— National del)t — Daniel enters these in Jim's book — Indian;; called 
'' Irishmen " — Author's ro\)\y — Speech of the War-chief — Jim's rapid 
civilization — New estimates for his book — Daniel reads of " Murders, 
&c.," in Times newspaper — ,Jim subscribes for the Times — Petition of 
100,000 women — Society of Friends meet the Indians in the Rotunda — 
Their advice, and present to the chiefs 40/. — Indians invited to Zoolo- 
gical Gardens — Presented with 36/, — Indians invited to Trinity College 
— Conversation with the Rev. Master on religion — Liberal presents — 
They visit the Archbishop of Dublin — Presents — All breakfast with Mr. 
Joseph Bewly, a Friend — Kind treatment — Christian advice — Sickness 
of Roman Nose — Various ent<M'tainments by the Friends — A curious 
beggar — Indians' liberality to the poor — Arrival at Liverj)Ool — Rejoicing 
and feast — 'Council — Roman Nose placed in an hospital — Arrival in 
Manchester — Exhibition in Ficc Trade Hall — Immense platform — 
Three wigwams — Archery — Ball-|)lay, &c. — Oeat crowds — Bobasheela 
arrives — Death of the Roman Nose — Forms of burial, &c. 

In Dublin, where we arrived oi the 4th of March, after 
an easy voyage, comfortable quarters were in readiness 
tor the party, and their brcaiifast soon upon the talile. 
The Indians, having heard that there were many of " the 
good people '' (the Friends) ii\ bublin, and having brought 
letters of introduction to some of them, had beon impatient 
to reach that city ; and their ^ish being successfully and 
easily accomplished, they now felt quite elated and happy, 
with apparently but one thing to depress their spirits, 
which was the continued and increasing illness of the 
Roman Nose. He was gradually losing flesh and strength, 
and getting now a continual fever, which showed the 
imminent danger of his condition. He had the ablest 
n^edical advice that the city could afford, and we still had 



some hopes of his recovery. Rooms had been prepared for 
the exhibitions of the Indians in the Rott iida, aud, on the 
second night after their arrival, they commenced with a 
respectable audience, and all seemed delighted and sur- 
prised with their picturesque effect. 

There was much applause from the audience, but no 
speeches from the Indians, owing to their fatigue, or to the 
fact that they had not yet rode about the city to see any- 
thing to speak about. They returned from their exhibition 
to their apartments, and after their supper they were 
happy to find that their beef-steaks were good, and that 
they had found again the London chichahohboo. 

A very amusing scene occurred during the exhibition, 
which had greatly excited the Indians, though they had 
but partially understood it, and now called upon me to 
explain it to them. While speaking of the modes of life of 
the loway Indians, and describing their way of catching the 
wild horses on the prairies, a dry and quizzical-looking sort 
of man rose, and, apparently half drunk, excited the hisses 
of the audience whilst he was holding on to the end of a seat 
to steady him. It was difficult to get him down, and I 
desired the audience to listen to what he had to say. 
" Ee — you'l cscuse me, sir, to e — yax c — yif you are ye man 
woo was lecturing e — year some time see — ynce, e — on ther 
Yindians and the — r wild e — yorses? — e — (hie) — - e — 
and the — r breathin, he — (hie) — c — in thee — ir noses?" 
The excessive singularity of this fellow set the whole house 
in a roar of laughter, and all felt disposed to hear him go on. 
" Yes," I replied, " I am the same man." " Ee — e — r wal, 
sir, e — yerts all — (hie), e — yits all gammon, sir, e — yer, y 
— ers, (hie) yers tried it on two fillies, sir, e- yand — (hie) 
yand it didn't se — seed, sir." The poor fellow, observing the 
great amusement of the ladies as he looked around the room^ 
was at once disposed to be a little witty, and proceeded — 
'' Ee — (l^ic) — yo — yer tried it e — yon f-c — rX young ladies, q — 
yand (hie) se — seded yerry well!" 'I he poor fellow seemed 
contented with his wit thus tar rather than try to procecu 

N 2 


"\- W 

I i 

*i! U 

further; and he sat down amidst thy greatest possible amuse- 
ment (f i-hr-TcafHrncc, JTiTtny of wliuiii, ii'jl-»vit}iSl:Tni«iint^, did 
not seem to understand his mcanin}^, when 1 deemed it 
necessary to ex])lain that he referred to my account of I ndians 
breaking wild horses by breathing in their noses, which it 
would seem he had tried in vain, but by experimenting on 
young ladies he had met with great success.* 

The Indians had become very much attached to Daniel, 
who had been so long a com])anion and fellow-traveller with 
them, and felt pleasure with him that he was again upon 
his native soil. lie had described to them that they were 
now in a dilVerent country again, and they resolved to 
have their necessary feast of ducks the next morning for 
breakfast, so as not to interfere with their drive, in which 
they were to open their eyes to the beauties of Dublin, 
when Daniel was to accompany them, and explain all that 
they saw. They invited him to the feast, and thought it as 
v.ell to call upon him now as at a future time for the bottle 
or two of the Queens chickabohboo (champagne) which he had 
agreed t«) produce when he got on to his native shore again. 

Notliing more of course could be seen until their feast 
was over, and they were all in their buss as usual, with four 
horses, which was ready and started off' with them at ten 
o'clock (he next morning. The Doctor, in his familiar way, 
was alongside of the driver, with his buff*alo horns and 
eagle crest, and his shining lance, with his faithful com- 
l)anion Jim by his side, and they caused a prodigious 
sensation as they were whirled along through the prin- 
cipal streets of Dublin. One may think at first glance 
that he can appreciate all the excitement and pleasure 
which the Doctor took in those drives, taking his first survey 
of the shops and all the curious places he was peeping into 
as he rode along; but on a little deliberation they will 
easily see that his enjoyment might have been much greater 

* Si'o English exj)eriinents in breaking horses by the Indian mode. 
Appendix B. 

ic Indian mode. 



than the world su])poscd who were jj^azlnfif at him, without 
t.hinJiJnpr how irtrtnh tliere was under his eye that was novel 
and exciting to a savage from the wilderness. 

After passing through several of the ])rincij)al streets 
they were driven to the Pha«nix Park, where they left their 
carriage, and, taking a run for a mile or two, felt much 
relieved and delighted with the exercise. The noble stags 
that started up and were hounding away before them 
excited them very much, and they were wishing for their 
weapons which they had left behind. However, they had 
very deliberately and innocently agreed to take a regular 
hunt there in a few days, and have a saddle or two of 
venison, but wiser Daniel reminding them of the f/amc-laws 
of this country, of which they had before heard no account, 
knocked all their sporting plans on the head. 

Nothing perhaps astonished them since they came into 
the country more than the idea that a man is liable to 
severe ])unishmcnt by the laws, for shooting a deer, a rabbit, 
or a partridge, or for catching a fish out of a lake or a river, 
without a licence, for which he must pay a tax to tlie govern- 
ment, and that then they can only shoot upon certain 
grounds. The poor fellows at first treated the thing a' 
ridiculous and fabulous ; but on being assured that such 
was the fact, they were overwhelmed with astonishment. 
"What !" asked one of them, '' if a poor man is hungry and 
sees a fine fish in the water, is he not allowed to spear it out 
and cat it ?" " No," said Daniel, " if he does, he must go 
to jail, and pay a heavy fine besides. A man is not allowed 
to keep a gun in his house without paying a tax to the 
government for it, and if he carries a weapon in his pocket 
he is liable to a fine." " Why is that ?" " Because they are 
afraid he will kill somebody with it." " What do you 
call a tax ?" said Jim. " Let that alone," said Daniel, " until 
we get home, and then I will tell you all about it." Here 
was a new field openinj^ to thi'r simple minds for contem- 
plation upon the beautiful mysteries and glories of civiliza- 
tion, in which a few hours of Daniel's lectures would be 

' i'-'l 



(;()Veknmii:nt expensks. 

sure to enlighten them. They droppefl the subject here 
however, and took their carriage again for the city and 
their lodgings, Uiughing excessively as they were returning, 
and long after they got back, at cabs they were constantly 
passing, which they insisted on it had got turned around, 
and were going sideways.* When they had returned and 
finished their first remarks about the curious things they 
had seen, Daniel began to give them some first ideas about 
taxes and fines which they had inquired about, and which 
they did not as yet know the meaning of. He explained 
also the game-laws, and showed them that in such a country 
as England, if the government did not protect the game and 
the fish in such a manner, there would soon be none left, and, 
as it was preserved in such a way, the government made 
those who wished to hunt or to fish, j)ay a sum of money to 
help meet the expenses of the government, and he explained 
the many ways in which peojjle ])ay taxes. " All of this," said 
he, " goes to pay the ex])ensesof the government, and to sup- 
port the Queen and royal family. He read to them from a 
newspajjer that the actual cost of supporting the royal family 
and attendants was 801,000/. sterling (4,455,000 dollars) 
per annum; that the Queen's pin-money (privy purse) 
is ()0,00i>/. (30 ',000 dollars); the Queen's coachmen, pos- 
tilions, and footmen 12,550/. (62,750 dollars). 

He read from the same paper also that the expenses of 
the navy were 5,854,851/. (being about 29,274,"i55 dollars) 
per annum, and that the expenses of the army were still 
much greater, and that these all together form but a part of 
the enormous expenses of the government, which must all 
be raised by taxes in different ways, and that the people 
must pay all these expenses at last, in paying for what they 
eat and drink and wear, so much more than the articles arc 
worth, that a little from all may go to the government to 
pay the government's debts. He also stated that, notwith- 
standing so much went to the government, the nation 

Only to be apprrciutei! by those alio have seen the Dublin *' cats." 




)iiblin " cars. 

was in debt at this t[v\" to the amou'.'t of 764,000,000/. 
(3,8-20,000,000 dollars). T.'ms was beyond all their ideas 
of computation, and, as it cuuid not be possibly appreciated 
by them, Daniel and they had to droj) it, as most ])eoplc 
do (and as the countri/ probably ivill before it is paid), as a 
mystery too large for just comprehension. 

Jim wanted these estimates down in his book however, 
thinking perhaps that he might some time be wise enough 
to comprehend them or find some one that could do it. And 
when Daniel had put them down, he also made another memo- 
randum underneath them to this effect, and which astonished 
the Indians very much — " The plate that ornamented the 
sideboard at the banquet at the Queen's nuptials was 
estimated at 500,000/. (2,500,000 dollars)." 

By the time their statistics had ])rogressed thus far their 
dinner was ready, which was a thing much more simple to 
comprehend, and consequently nu)re ])leasing to them ; so 
their note-book was shut, and taxes and game-laws and 
national debt gave way to roast-beef and chichabuhboo. 

Their drive through the city had tended to increase the 
curiosity to see them, and their exhibition-room on the 
second night was crowded to excess. This was sure to ])ut 
the Indians into the best of humour ; and seeing in different 
l)arts of the room juite a number of Friends, gave them 
additional satisfaction. 

In a new country again, and before so full and fashion- 
able an audience, I took unusual pains to explain the 
objects for which these people had come to this country, 
their personal appearance, and the modes they were to 
illustrdte. When I had got through, and the Indians were 
sitting on the platform and smoking their j)i})e, a man rose 
in the crowd and said, '• That's all gammon, sir!— these 
jjcople are not Indians. I have seen many Indians, sir, 
and you can't hoax me :'' Here the audience hissed, 
and raised the cry of "Put him out '.—shame !" &c. I 
stepped forward, and with some difficulty got them silent, 
and begged they would let the gentleman finish his re- 








marks, bccauso, if tlioy were fairly heard and understood, 
they niif^lit ])rol)al)ly add nuuh to the amusements of the 
eveniiifr. So he ])r()ceedcd : " I know this to be a very 
^reat imjjosition, and I think it is a ])ity if it is aUowed to 
^o on. I liave seen too many Indians to he deceived about 
tliem. 1 was at Bombay six years, and after that at Cal- 
cutta \o\\^ enough to know what an Indian is. I know that 
their hair is always long and black, and not red : I know 
that these men are Irishmen, and painted up in this manner 
to gull the ]>ul)!ic. There 's one of those fellows I know very 
well — I have seen him thi'se three years at work in M'Gill's 
carj)enter"s sho]), and saw him there but a few days ago; 
so I ]»ronounce them but a raw set, as well as impostors !" 

When he sat down I ])re vented the audience from making 
any further noise than merely laughing, which was excessive 
all over the room. I said that "to contradict this gentle- 
man would only be to re])eat what I had said, and I 
hoped at li-ast he would remain in the room a few minutes 
until they would execute one of their dances, that he might 
give his ()])inion as to my skill in teaching 'raw recruits' as 
he called them." The Indians, who had been smoking their 
pipes all this time without knowing what the delay had 
been about, now s]n*ang upon their feet and commenced the 
war-dance ; all further thoughts of " im})osition" and " raw 
recruits" were lost sight of here and for the rest of the 
evening. When their dance was done they received a 
tremendous roar of a])plause, and after resting a few 
minutes the Doctor was on his feet, and evidently trying 
very hard in a speech to make a sensation (as he had made 
on the first night in London) among the ladies. Jeffrey 
interpreted his speech ; and although it made much amuse- 
ment, and was a])])lauded, still it fell very far short of what 
his eloquence and his quizzical smiles and wit had done on 
the former occasion. Being apprehensive also of Jim's cruel 
sarcasms when he, should stop, and a])parcntly in hopes, too, of 
still saying something more witty, he, unfortunately for its 
whole effect, continued to speak a little too long after he had 




siiid his]u'8tt,hinfjf.s ; sohcsjttdown ftlioufi^h in «a]>])lauso) rather 
(lissatisficd with himself, and si-tMnod for Honir time in a 
sort of study, as if he was tryinji^ to recollect what he had 
said, a /terulidn'fi/ possihli/ hehmijfinfjj to Indian orators. 

When the Doctor had fmished, all arose at the sound of 
the war-whoop {jiven by the War-chief, and they ^avc with 
unusual spirit the discovery dance, and after that their 
favourite, the eaj^le dance. The finish of this cxcitinj^ 
dance brouf^ht rounds of deafeninjr ap])lause and "bravo!" 
in the midst of which the War-chief arose, and, throwing his 
buffalt/ robn around him, said,— 

" My friends — We sec that we arc in a now city, a itranpo place to us, 
Imt that we are not amontrst enemies, and this gives us great pleasure. 
(♦ JFoir, how, how!' and ' Hear, hear.') 

*' My friends — It gives me pleasure to sec so many smiling faces about 
us, for we know that when you smile you arc not ani^ry ; we think you are 
amused with our dancing. It is the custom in our country always to thank 
the (Jreat Spirit first, lie has been kind to us, and our hearts are thankful 
that he has allowed us to reach your beautiful city, and to be with you 
to-night. (' How, how, how!') 

" My friends — Our modes of dancing are ditferent from yours, and you 
sec we don't come to teach you to dance, but merely to show you how the 
poor Indians dance. We are told that you have your dancing-masters ; but 
the (Ireat Spirit taught us, and we think we should not change our mode. 
(' How, how, how!') 

'• Mv friends — The interpreter has told us that some one in the room 
has said we were not Indians — that we were Irishmen ! Now we are not 
in any way angry with this man ; if we were Irishmen, we might be perhaps. 
(' Hear, hear,' 'Bravo!') 

" My friends— W^e are rather sorry for the man than angry; it is his 
ignorance, and that is perhaps because he is too far ott": let him come nearer 
to us and examine our ski-', our ears, and our noses, full of holes and 
trinkets -Irishmen don't bore their noses. (Great laughter, and ' Bravo ! ') 

" My friends — Tell that man we will be glad to see him and shake hands 
with him, and he will then be our friend at once." (" Bravo ! " and cries 
of " Go, go ! " from every part of the room : " You must go ! ") 

The gentleman left his scat upon this in a very embar- 
rassed condition, and, advancing to the platform, shook the 
War-chief and each one of the party by the hand, and took 
a scat near to them for the rest of the evening, evidently 






■H ■ 



well pleased with their performances, and well convinced 
that they were not Irishmen. 

After this the Indians ])roceeded hy giving several other 
dances, songs, &c. ; and when it was announced that their 
amusements for the evening were finished, they seated them- 
selves on the edge of the platform to meet those who desired to 
give them their hands. Half an hour or so was spent in this 
ceremony, during which time they received many presents, 
and, what to them was more gratifying, they felt the affec- 
tionate iiands of a number of the " good people " they 
were so anxious to meet, and who they saw were taking 
a deep interest in their behalf already. They returned to 
their apartments unusually delighted with their reception, 
and, after their suj)per and chickabobboo, Jim had some dry 
jokes for the Doctor about his speech ; assuring him that he 
never would "go down " with the Irish ladies- that his 
s])eech had been a decided failure — and that he had better 
hereafter keep his mouth entirely shut. They had much 
merriment also about the "mistake the ])oor man had made 
in calling them Irishmen," and all applauded the War- 
chief for the manner in which he had answered him in his 

The Indians in their drive during the morning had observed 
an unusual number of soldiers in various parts of t':j city, 
and, on 1.. quiring of Daniel why there were so many when 
there was no war and no danger, they learned to their great 
surprise that this country, like the one they had just left, 
had been subjugated by England, and that a large mili- 
tary force was necessary to be kept in all the towns to keep 
the people quiet, and to compel them to pay their taxes to 
the government. They thought the police were more fre- 
quent here also than they had seen them in London, and 
laughed very much at their carrying clubs to knock men 
down with. They began to think that the Irish must be 
very bad people to want so many to watch them with guns 
and clubs, and laughed at Daniel about the wickedness of 
his countrymen. He endeavoured to explain to them, how- 


con V in cot 



ever, that, if they had to work as hard as the IrUhnu-n did, 
and then had their hard earnings mostly all taken away 
from them, they would recjuire ;is strong a military force 
to take care of them as the Irish did. His argument com- 
])letely brought them over, and tney professed ])erfectly 
to understand the case ; and all said they could see why so 
many soldiers were necessary. The ])olice. he said, were 
kept in all the towns, night and day, to prevent ])eople from 
stealing, from breaking into each otlur's houses, from fight- 
ing, and from knocking each other down and taking away 
their proi)erty. The insatiate J'm then conceived the idea 
of getting into his book the whole number of soldiers that 
were required in England, Scotland, and Ireland to keep 
the people at work in the factories, and to make them pay 
their taxes ; and also the number of ])olice that were ne- 
cessary in the different cities and towns to keej) ])eo])le all 
peaceable, and quiet, and honest. Daniel had read to them 
only a day or two before an article in the ' Times ' news- 
paper, setting forth all these estimates, and, being just the 
thing he wanted, copied tl jm into his book. 

The reader sees by this time that, although Jim's looks 
were against him, as an orator or lecturer, when he should 
get back to his own country — and also that though his ima- 
gination could not take its wings until he was flat upon 
his back — still that he was, by dint of industry and con- 
stant effort, preparing himself with a magazine of facts 
which were calculated to imT)ress upon the simple minds of 
the people in his country the strongest prools of the virtue 
and superior blessings of civilization. 

These peo])le had discernment enough to see that such an 
enormous amount of soldiers and police as their list pre- 
sented them would not be kept in ])ay if they were not 
necessary. And they naturally put the question at once — 
'• What state would the country be in if the military and 
police were all taken away ? " They had been brought to 
the zenith of civilization that they might see and admire it 
in its best form ; but the world who read will see with ine 

■M i<, ! 




tlmt tlioy were close critics, mid mine with me. I tliink. tliat 
it is alinost a pity tlu>y should lio the tcacluTs of such rlatis- 
tics as they an- to tench to thousatids yet to be taught in 
the wilderness. As I have shown in a fornier part of this 
work. I have lont^ since heen <)])posed to ]»artieK of Indians 
beinp^ l)rou«rht to this country, helievinp that civilization 
should he a fj^radual thinjr. rather than open the eyes of 
these i<;norant peo])le to all its mysteries at a {rhmce, when 
the mass of its ])ovcrty and vices alarms them, and its luxu- 
ries and virtues are at a discoura<;in{j; distance — beyond the 
reach of their attaimnent. 

Daniel was at this time ctittina; a sli]) from the 'Times,' 
which he read to .lim ; and it was decided at once to be an 
admissible and hi<>hly interesting entry to make, and to {^o 
by the side of his former estimatvs of the manufacture 
and consumpti(m of chichabofihoo. The article ran thus: — 
" The con8um])tion of ardent spirits in Great Britain and 
Ireland in the last year was *2*.)."2()(),(H)() jj^allons, and tht? 
Poor Law Commissioners estimate the money annually 
spent in ardent sjjirits at 21,000,000/. ( 120.000.000 dollars) ; 
and it is calculated that r)0,()00 drunkards die yearly in 
England and Ireland, and that one-half of the insanity, two- 
thirds of the ])auperism. and three-fourths of the crimes of 
the land are the consequences of drunkenness." 

This, Jim said, was one of the best things he had got down 
in his book, because he said that the black-coats were always 
talking so much about the Indians getting drunk, that it 
would be a good thing for him to have to show ; and he said 
he thought he should be able, when they were about to go 
home, to get Chippchola* to write by the side of it that 
fourteen loways were one year in England and never 
drank any of i\i\s Jirc- water, and were never drunk in that 

Daniel and Jeffrey continued to read (or rather Daniel 
to read, and Jeffrey to interpret) the news and events in 

* The Author. 

athcr Daniel 
nd events in 



llic ' Tinu's.' t(» wliiih the Indians weri' all lisfcnin;; with 
iittention. lie read several atnusin^ things, and then of a 
" Horrid murdvr!'' a man /ntd mnnhrvd his wij)' aiut tiro little 
rhildrni. He read tlie account; and next — " lirntal Assanlt 
on a Fi'inale r — '* A Fathrr killvil hif his own Son T' — " Mur- 
der of an Tnfhiit and, Sniride of thr Mother T^ — " Piuifh from 
Sfurvotion!" — " hlxeciition of Surah Ijmiidcs for poisoiiiiii/ her 
Jlnshamir—'' Robber !i of 150/. Hank of Emjland Notes T 
&c. &c. 

They had read so many cxcitinj; thinji^H in one ])a|)er, and 
were but halt' through the list, when .liin, who had rolled 
over on his back and drawn up his knees, as if he was goin^ 
to say somethinjif. asked how njuch was the price of that 
newspa])er ; to which Daniel rej)lied that there was one 
])rinted each day like that, and the ]irico fivepencc each. 
"Well," said Jim, "I beli('vc everythinj; is in that paper, 
and I will give you the nnmey to get it for me every day. 
Go to the man and tell him I want one of every kind he 
has : I will take them all home with me, and 1 will some 
time learn to read them all." 

A clever idea entered (or originated in) the heavy brain of 
Jim at this moment. He went to a box in the corner of the 
room, from which he took out, and arranged on the floor,, 
about twenty handsomely-bound Bibles, when he made this 
memorable and commercial like vociferation, in tolerably 
plain English:" I guess em swap!" He had been much amused 
with several numbers of ' Punch,' which he had long pored 
over and packed away for amusement on the prairies ; and 
believing that his ])lan for "swa])])ing" would enable him 
to venture boldly, he authorized Daniel to subscribe for 
Punch also, provided Punch would take Bibles for pay. 
Daniel assured him that that would be " no go," as he 
thought Punch would not care about Bibles; but told him 
that he would at all events have the ' Times ' for him every 
morning, as he wished, and was now going to read to them 
a very curious thing that he had got his thumb upon, and 
commenced to read : — 


: I 

11 ! 








" Lord R. (Jrosvf nor and Mr. Spoonor attended yesterday at tlie Uoino- 
olHce with Sir (Icorjre (Irey to present a memorial to the Queen from the 
women of England, signed by 100,000, praying that the bill for preventing 
trading in seduction may pass into a law. The following is a copy oi' the 
petition : — 

" 'to the quken. 

" ' Wc, the undersigned women of Great Britain and Ireland, ])laeed by 
Divine Providence .mder the sway of the British See|)tre, which God has 
committed to your Majesty's hands, most huud)ly beg leave to make known 
to our beloved Sovor 'ign the heavy and cruel p-ievanco that oppresses a 
large portion of the female population of the na'm. A system exists, by 
which not only are undue facilities and temptations held out to the iuunoral, 
the giddy, and the poor, to enter ujion a life of infamy, degradation, and 
ruin, but unwary young females and mere children are frequently entrapped, 
and sold into the hands of profligate libertines. Agents are sent into the 
towns and villages of the United Kingdom, whose ostensible object is to 
engage young girls for domestic service, or other female employments, but 
whose real desigii is to degrade and ruin them. Fenude agents are also 
employed in London and many of our large towns to watch the public con- 
veyances, and decoy the sini])Ie and inex])erienced into houses of moral 
pollution and crime, by otlers of advice or temporary protection. By such 
and other means the entra])ping of innocent young women is reduced to a 
regidar trade, the existence of wliich is, in the highest degree, discreditable 
to the nation. Despite the etforts of right-minded men and of benevolent 
institutions to sui)press, by means of the existing laws, this vile trade in fe- 
male innocence, thousands of the most helpless of your Majesty's subjects 
are annually destroyed, both in Soily and soul. Wc therefore appeal to 
your Majesty, beseeching you vo extend your Royal protection around the 
daughters of the |)oor, by promoting such vigorous laws as the wisdom of 
your Majesty's counsellors may see good to devise, and thereby deliver 
your Majesty's fair realm from a system of proHigacy so offensive to Al- 
mighty God, and so fatal to the personal, social, temporal, and s[>'.ritual 
well-being of the women of England.' " 

" Fish ! fish !" exclaimed Jim, as Daniel finished reading. 
Some laughed excessively, and the ])oor Indian women 
groaned ; but Jim, lying still on his back, and of course his 
ideas circulating freely, roared out again " I^ish ! Jish ! 
chicliahohhoo ! money! moncj/ ! — put that all in my book." 
Daniel said, " There is no need of that, for it is in youf 
paper, which is all the same, and I will mark a black line 
around it."' " Then be careful not to lose the paper," said 
Jim, " for I like that very much : III show that to the hlach- 
roofs when I get home." 

w \- 



y at the llomo- 
iiuccn from the 
1 for i)rpventing 
IS a copy Of' the 

flan<l, i)lacp(l by 
, which God has 
; to make known 
that op|)rcssos a 
ystcm exists, by 
t to the inmioral, 
(leiiradation, and 
icntly entrapped, 
ire sent into the 
siblc object is to 
employments, but 
de agents are also 
■h the public con- 
houses of moral 
tection. By such 
len is reduced to a 
grce, discreditable 
ami of benevolent 
is vile trade in fc- 
Majesty's subjects 
herefore appeal to 
tection around the 
as the wisdom of 
id thereby deliver 
so ottensivo to Al- 
poral, and sp'.ritual 

nishcd rcatling. 
Indian women 
d of ccursc his 

" Fish ! Jish ! 

in my book." 
)r it is in your 
rk a black bnc 
;he paper," said 
hat to the blach- 

Thus. "he talk of that night had run to a late hour, and I 
took lc<v.c. 

The next morning I received two invitations for the In- 
dians, both of which were calculated to give them great 
pleasure : the one was an invitation to visit the Zoological 
Gardens, then in their infant but very flouilshing state, 
when the directors very kindly proposed to admit tiic; 
public by shilling tickets, and to give the receipts to the 
Indians. This, therefore, was very excititiff to their ambition : 
and the other invitation was e(|ually or more so, as it was 
from several gentlemen of the Societ- of Friends, who pro- 
posed that, as there were a grea', many of that society in 
Dublin, and who all felt a deep interest in the welfare of the 
Indians, but who had, many ci' thein, a decided ')bjection to 
attend their war-dances, Sec, they should feel glad to meet 
them at some hour that might be appointed, in their exhi- 
bition room, for the purpose of forming an acquaintance 
with them, and of having some conversation with them on 
the subject of education, agriculture, &c., with a view to 
ascertain in what way they could best render them some 
essential service. This invitation was cmbraci'd by the 
Indians with great pleasure, and at the time appointed they 
met about one hundred ladies and gentlemen, all of that 
society, to whom I introduced them by briefly explaining 
their objects in visiting this country, their modes of life, 
their costumes, &c. After that, several la'es, as well as 
gentlemen, asked them questions relative to their religious 
belief and modes of worship ; to all of which the War-chief 
answered in the most cheerful maimer ; and, as he constantly 
replied with appeals to the Great Spirit, who, he said, 
directed all their hearts, they all saw in him a feeling 
of reverence for the Great Spirit, which satisfied all that 
they were endowed with high sentiments of religion and 

Mr. Melody here stated that he had just received very 
interesting and satisfactory L.ters from the reverend gen- 
tlemen conducting a missionary school, which was prospering, 

.1 ^.'4 



'I #t 

ill their triho, parts of which letters h'.' read, and also pre- 
sented a small hook already printed in the loway lan^waoe 
hy a printing-j)ress hehmjiring to the Missionary Society, and 
now at work at their mission. 'J'his p:ave great satisfactioti 
to the visitors, who saw that these j,eo])le had friends at 
home who were doing what they could to enlighten their 

The friendly feelings of all presenl were then conveyed 
to them by several who addressed them in turn, expressing 
their dee]) anxiety for their worldly welfare and their 
sj)iritual good, and in the kindest and most im])rcssive 
languao[e exhorted them to temperance, to a knowledge of 
our Saviour, and to the blessings of education, which lead to 
it. They impressed upon their minds also the benefits that 
would flow from the abandonment of their hunters' life and 
warfare, and the adoption of agricultural pursuits. It was 
then stated that it was the object of the meeting to make 
them a present of something more than mere professions of 
friendshi]), and desired of me to ascertain what would be 
most useful and acceptaMe to them. The question being put 
to them, the White Cloud rt j)lied that " anything they felt 
disposed to give they would accept with thankfuhiess, but, 
as the question had been asked, he should say that monci/ 
would be preferable to anything else, for it was more easily 
carried, and when in America, and near their own ccuntr) , 
they could buy with it what their wives and little children 
should most need." It was then proposed that a hat should 
be passed around, for the purpose, by which the sum of 40/, 
was received, and handed to the chief, to divide between 
them. Besides this very liberal donation, a number of beauti- 
fully-bound liibles were presented to them, and several very 
kind and lovely ladies went to the sho])s, and returned with 
beautiful shawls and other useful presents for the women and 
children ; and one benevolent gentleman, who had been of the 
meeting, and whose name 1 regret that I have forgotten, 
brought in with his own hands, a large trunk filled with 
pretty and useful things, which he took pleasure in dividing 

'y. 'i< 

id also ])rc- 
ay lan^ua«;c 
Society, and 
; satisfaction 
1 friends at 
ighten their 

en conveyed 
1, expressing 
c and their 
t impressive 
knowledge of 
which lead to 
I benefits that 
iters' life and 
suits. It was 
ting to make 
professions of 
hat would be 
tion being put 
hing they felt 
ikfulness, but, 
ay that monci/ 
as more easily 
f own ccuntr), 

little children 
it a hat should 
he sum of 40/. 
ivide between 
nber ofbeauti- 
jd several very 

returned with 
the women and 
had been of the 

ave forgotten, 
unk filled with 

ure in dividing 



amongst them, and in presenting the trunk to the wife of 
the chief 

Thus ended this very kind and interesting meeting, which 
the Indians will never forget, and which went far to 
strengthen their former belief that the " good j)eo])le,'' as 
they called them, would be everywhere found to be their 
genuine friends. 

Their invitation to the Zoological Gardens was for the 
day following, and they were there highly entertained by the 
young men who were the founders of that institution. They 
met in those peculiarly beautiful grounds a great number of 
the fashionable ladies and gentlemen of Dublin; and, after 
an hour or two delightfully spent amongst them, received 
from the treasurer of the institution the sum of ;iG/., that 
had been taken at the entrance. Nothing could have been 
more gratefully received than were these two kind jn'esents; 
nor could anything have afforded them more convincing 
proofs of the hospitality and kindness of the ])eojile they 
were amongst. 

The exhibitions at the Rotunda were continued on every 
evening, and the Indians took their daily ride at ten o'clock 
in the morning, seeing all that was to be seen in the streets 
and the suburbs of Dublin, and after their suj)pers and their 
duchahohhuo enjoyed their jokes and their pipe, whilst they 
were making their remarks upon the occurrences of the day, 
and listening to Daniel's readings of the ' Times ' newspap'r, 
to which the Chcmohcmoii* (as they now called him), Jini, 
had become a subscriber. This boundless source of inform- 
ation and amusement, just now o])ened to their minds, was 
engrossing much of their time ; and Daniel and Jcftrey 
were called upon regularly every night, alter their su])])ers, 
to tell them all that was new and curious in the pajjcr of 
the day ; and Jim desired a daily entry in his book of the 
number of murders and rohhcrics that appeared in it. All 
this Daniel, in his kindness, did lor him, after reading the 

* Wliitc mail. 






<lcscri])tion of them ; and in this way the ingenious Jim 
considered he had all things now in good train to enable him 
to enlighten the Indian races when he should get back to 
the prairies of his own country. 

Poor Jim, whose avarice began to dawn with his first 
steps towards civilization, and who, having his wife with 
him to add her share of ])rcscnts to his, and was now getting 
such an accumulation of Bibles that they wire becoming a 
serious item of luggage, related here a curious anecdote 
that occurred while he was in the Zoological Gardens : — 

The Bibles they had received, and were daily receiving, 
as ** the most valuable presents that could be made them," 
he had supposed must of course have some considerable 
intrinsic value ; and he felt disposed, as he was now increas- 
ing his expenses, by taking the ' Times' newspaper and in 
other ways, to try the experiment of occasionally selling one 
of his bibles to increase his funds, and, on starting to go to 
the gardens, had put one in his pouch to offer to people he 
should meet in the crowd ; and it seems he offered it in 
many cases, but nobody would buy, but one had been (/iven 
to him by a lady ; so he came home with one more than he 
took ; and he said to us, " I guess em no good — I no sell em, 
but I get em a heap." 

A very friendly invitation was received about this time 
from the President of Trinity College for the party to visit 
that noble institution, and Mr. Melody and myself took great 
])leasure in accompanying them there. They were treated 
there with the greatest possible kindness ; and, after being 
shown through all its parts — its library, museum, &c. — a 
liberal collection was made for them amongst the reverend 
gentlemen and their families, and presented to them a few 
days afterwards. 

I took the War-chief and several of the party to visit tlie 
Archbishop of Dublin and his family, who treated them 
with much kindness, and presented to each a sovereign, as 
an evidence of the attachment they felt for them. This 
unexpected kindness called upon them for some ex])rcssion 



Tcnious Jim 
) enable him 
L get back to 

vith his first 
lis wife with 
J now getting 

becoming a 
ous anecdote 
ardens : — 
ily receiving, 
made them," 

s now incrcas- 
jpaper and in 
Uy selling one 
irting to go to 
: to people he 

1 offered it in 
lad been ffiven 
; more than he 
— I no sell em, 

30ut this tune 
; party to visit 
(Tself took great 
!y were treated 
md, after being 
uscum, &c. — a 
St the reverend 
L to them a few 

irty to visit the 
3 treated them 
a sovereign, as 
or them. This 
some expression 

of thanks in return ; and the War-chief, after offering his 
hand to the Archbishop, said to him : — 

*' My friend, as the Great Spirit has moved your heart to bo kind to us, 
I rise up to thank Iliin first, and then to toll you how tiiankful wc feel to 
you for what your hand has given us. We are i)oor, and do not deserve 
this ; but wc will keep it, and it will buy food and clothing for our little 

" My friend, we are soon going from here, and we live a groat way. We 
shall never see your face again in this world, but we shall hope that the 
Great S[)irit will allow us to meet in the world that is before us, and where 
you and I must soon go." 

The Archbishop seemed much struck with his remarks ; 
and, taking him again by the hand, said to him that he 
believed they would meet again in the world to come, and, 
commendin^,' them to the care of the Great Spiri K^ade 
them an affectionate farewell. 

An invitation was awaiting them at this time, also, to 
breakfast the next morning with Mr. Josey)h Bewley, a 
Friend, and who lived a few miles out of the city. His 
carriages arrived for them at *^^he hour, and the whole 
party visited him and his kind family and took their break- 
fast with them. After the breakfast was over, the chief 
thanked this kind gentleman for his hospitality and the 
presents very liberally bestowed ; and the party all listened 
with great attention to the Christian advice which he gave 
them, recommending to them also to lay down all their 
weapons of war, and to study the arts of peace. These 
remarks seemed to have made a deep impression on their 
minds, for they were daily talking of this kind man and the 
advice and information he gave them. 

Having finished our exhibitions by advertisement, but 
being detained a few days longer in Dublin than we expected 
by the illness of the Roman Nose, an opportunity was afforded 
the Indians to attend a number of evening parties, to 
which they were invited by families of the Society of Friends, 
and treated with the greatest kindness and attention. 

The Indians had thus formed their notions of the beauti- 

o 2 



fnl city of Dublin by ridinpf tln-ouj^h it ro^x'atcdly in all its 
])arts — by viowinj^, outside and in, its churches, its colle«^es, 
its f^ardens, and other ])laccs of amusement ; and of its 
inhabitants, by meeting them in the exhibition rooms, and 
in their own lumses, at their hoi])itablc boards. They 
(U>cided that Edinburj>h was rather the most beautiful 
city; that in C»las<;ow they saw the most rai^<^ed and poor; 
and that in Dublin they met the warmest-hearted and 
most kind po<)})le of any they had seen in the kinj^dom. 
In Dublin, as in Glasj^ow, they had been in the habit of 
throwinn; handfuls of pence to the poor ; and at length 
had got them baited, so that gangs of hungry, ragged crea- 
tures were daily following their carriage home to their door, 
and there waiting under their windows for the pence that 
were often showered down upon their heads. 

Out of the thousands of betxtrars that / met while there 
(and many of whom extracted money from my ])ocket by 
their wit or drollery when I was not disposed to give it), 
there was but one of whom I shall make mention in this 
place. In my daily walk from my hotel to the Rotunda, 
there was an old, hardy-looking veteran, who used often to 
meet me and solicit with great im])ortunity, as I had encou- 
raged him by giving to him once or twice when I first met 
him. I was walking on that pavement one day with an 
American friend whom I had met, and, observing this old 
man coming at some distance ahead of vis on the same 
])avcment, I said to my friend, " Now watch the motions of 
that old fellow as he comes up to beg — look at the ex])iis- 
sion of his fiicc." When we had got within a few rods of 
him the old man threw his stomach in, and one knee in an 
instant seemed out of joint, and his face ! oh, most pitiable 
to look upon. We approached him arm-in-arm, and while 
coming towards him I put my hand in my pocket as if I 
was getting out some money, which brought this extraor- 
dinary expression from him : "My kind sir, may the gates 
of Heaven open to receive you !" — ^(by this time wc had got 
by him, and, seeing that my hand remained stationary in 

1. v 



ly in all its 
its ct)lli'f:;i'«. 
ami of its 
rooms, and 
vds. They 
it licautiful 
[I and voor ; 
\earted and 
It' kinji;dom. 
Lho habit of 
id at length 
ragged crea- 

their door, 
ic pence that 

t while there 
ny pocket by 
d to give it), 
oniion in this 
Ihe Uotunda, 
used often to 

I had encou- 
en I first met 

day with an 
rving this old 
on the same 
,hc motions of 
at the expus- 

a few rods of 
)nc knee in an 

most pitiable 
,rm, and while 

pocket as if I 
this extraor- 
may the gates 
mc we had got 

1 stationary in 

my ])ock('t, as he had lurncd round and was scowling 
(laggers at mc) — " and may you be kicked out the moment 
you get there !" 

There is an inveteracy in the Irish bi'gging and wit that 
shows it to be native and not bornnved; it is therefore more 
irresistible and more successful than in any other country 
])erhaj)s in the world. I speak this, however, merely as an 
opini(m of my own, formed on the many -nstances where the 
very reasons 1 assigned for not giving were so ingeniously 
and suddenly turned into irresistible arguments for giving, 
that my hand was in my ])ocket before I was aware of it. 

The Indians however gave IVom other motives; not able 
to appreciate their wit, they had discernment enough to see 
the wretchedness that existed among the jjoor people in the 
lanes and outskirts of the city, and too nuuh pity in their 
hearts not to try with their numey to relieve them; and in 
that way I fully believe that they gave a very considerable 
proportion of the money they had received since they 
entered the city. 

The symptoms of the poor Roman Nose, whose case was now 
decided to be almost hoj)eless, were a little more favourable, 
and it was agreed, with his united wish, that we should 
start for Liver])ool by steamer ; and on the morning when 
we went on board, the Indians were more strongly than ever 
confirmed in their belief that the Friends were the people 
who had taken the deepest interest in their welfare, by 
meeting nearly all they had seen in heir numerous visits, 
down at the wharf, to shake hands with them, and wish them 
an everlasting farewell ! Such proof as this, which brought 
even tears in their eyes, will be the last to be forgotten by 
them or by mc, and should be the last to be overlooked in 
the public acknowledgment I am now making. 

Our V(.yage across the Channel was easy and pleasant ; 
and amongst the numerous and fashionable people on board, 
poor Jim had the mortification of trying to test the intrinsic 
value of his numerous stock of Bibles by occasionally offering 
one that he carried in his pouch. " I no sell 'cm — they no 


s , 



like 'em," was his reply again ; and he began to doubt the 
value of them, which he was greatly disappointed to find 
they had fixed much above their market-price. 

On landing at the wharf in Liverpool the Indians re- 
cognised the spot where they first set their feet upon English 
soil, and they raised the yell (not unlike the war-whoop) 
which is given by war-parties when, returning from battle, 
they are able to see their own village. This gathered a 
great crowd in a few moments, that was exceedingly diffi- 
cult to disperse, and it instilled new ambition and strength 
into the poor Roman Nose, who thought in his weakness that 
they were near home ; but he rallied only to look out and 
realize that he was too far from his home ever to see it 

Lodgings had been prepared for them, to which they 
immediately repaired ; and, as their sinking companion was 
so rapidly declining, they were all in sadness, though they 
tried, poor fellows, to be gay and cheerful. Their exhibi- 
tions had been advertised to commence, and they proceeded 
Avith them. Before they commenced, however, a feast was 
made to thank the Great Spirit for having conducted them 
quite around England to the place from whence they 
started, and also for the benefit of the health of their fellow- 
warrior, the Roman Nose. 

A council was also held when Mr. Melody and 1 were 
called in, and by some it was proposed to start for home, 
and by others to go to Paris and see a King, as they had 
tried, but in vain, to see the Queen of England. A visit 
to Paris had been a favourite theme with them for some 
months past, and all at length joined in the wish to see the 
King and Queen of France, 

The most skilful physicians were called to attend the poor 
Roman Nose, and they advised us to place him in an hospital. 
He was consulted, and, wishing to go, was removed there, 
where the interpreter, Jeffrey, stayed, and every attention 
was paid him. A feu nights of exhibitions in Liverpool 
finished our stay in that town^ and brought us to an engage- 

if. \ 

t- 1 



to doubt tho 
dted to find 

Indians rc- 
ipon English 
from battle, 
3 gathered a 
edingly diffi- 
and strength 
kreakness that 
look out and 
ver to see it 

;o which they 
ompanion was 
,, though they 
Their exhibi- 
hey proceeded 
jr, a feast was 
anducted them 
whence they 
of their fellow- 

,dy and 1 were 
start for home, 
ng, as they had 
rland. A visit 
them for some 
wish to see the 

attend the poor 

m in an hospital. 

removed there, 

every attention 

lis in Liverpool 

us to an engage- 

ment we had made, for four nights, in the Free Trade Hall 
in Manchester. 

The Indians saw that their fellow-warrior was to sink to 
the grave in a few days, and yet, like philosophers, they said 
it was the will of the Great Spirit, and they must not com- 
plain. They said they would give their exhibitions for the 
four nights, as they were promised to the public, and then 
stop until their companion was dead and buried ; our exhi- 
bitions were consequently made to immense crowds on those 
evening's, and to the same people who had seen the Ojibbe- 
ways with such a relish when the^^ first arrived. The dif- 
ferent appearance of this tribe, and difference in their 
modes, made them subjects of new and fresh interest, and 
no doubt that their exhibitions, if they had been continued, 
would have been nightly filled for a length of time. They 
here gave their exhibitions the additional interest of 
erecting three wigwams into a sort of Indian village on the 
immense platform, and stationed their targets at the two 
ends, giving a fair illustration of their skill in archery, as 
they shot for prizes across the breadth of the immense hall. 
Their exhibitions gained them much applause here, as 
in other places, with which they were well pleased, and 
they had many invitations from kind families in town, but 
which they declined, as they said they were sad, as one 
of their number was dying. Thus their amusements in 
Manchester, and for the kingdom, were finished, and they 
retired to their private apartments, awaiting the end of the 
poor Roman Nose, which was now daily expected. Mr. 
Melody and Jeffrey stayed by him, and I went to see him, 
and so did several of the Indians, on each day until his 

While the Indians were thus resting in their quarters, 
they were surprised and cheered by the sudden arrival of 
their old friend, Bohashecla, who had just come from Corn- 
wall to see them again before their departure for America, 
as he supposed, from seeing by the papers that they had 
arrived in Liverpool. 

I'' 1 1 

% li;.i 

• ^\ 



'rijcyflius iunuscd tlunisi-lvt's (Voiii diiy today. Iyin;j; still, 
not wishitjn- to ride ubunt.or to iidinit coinpany, <>i' t») altt'i\d 
to tlu' iin iliilions rioiii various <juart('is {;ivcn to them. 
Their time was now chii'lly takm u|» in rt'))airiiif; their 
dresses, &(•.. in anticipation of p>iiij;' lu'Tore the Kin^ ()f 
France, and listening:; to the anuisin^ and sliockin^ thinj^s 
which Daniel was (hiily reading- in tliin's newspajier, and 
niinntin<]f (h)wn in his note-lioolv, as l\e re(|uired. lie 
wishi'd Daniel and his IVii-nd /in/ms/irf/d to finti in iiis paper, 
if tliey could, how many churches there were in Enj^land, 
and how many hhuh-conts (as he called them) there werc^ 
who were constantly reailinji^ the ^ood hook and preachinj; 
to them. This they could not do at the mmnent, hut 
Bof)iis/i(r/)i told him he coidd t»et it all out of a hook that 
had lately heen puhlished, ai <l would fi^ive it to him the 
next day. 'I'his was done accordinjr to ])romise, and by 
Daniel recorded in his book. 

]iohaslurl(is anxieties were now turned towards the ])oor 
sud'erinjij Jionnni Nose, and he went to Liverj)ool to see him, 
and arrived with some of the Indians just in time to see 
liim breathe his last. Alas! ])oor, fine fellow! he went 
down j^radually and reg-ularly to the <^rave ; and though 
amongst strangers and far away from all of the graves of 
his relatives, he died like a ])hilosopher, and (though not a 
Christian) not uuJilic a Christian, lie said repeatedly to 
Jeffrey that he should live but so many days, and after- 
wards so many hours, and seemed to be ])crfectly resigned 
to the change that was to take place. He said that his 
time had come ; he was going to the beautiful hunting- 
grounds, where he would soon see his friends who had gone 
before him : he said that when he shut his eyes he could 
plainly see them, and he felt sure it was only to change the 
society of his friends here for that of his dear parents and 
other friends, and he was now anxious to be with them. 
He said the road might be long, but it did not matter 
where he started from ; the Great Spirit had promised him 
strength to reach it. He told his friend Bohaskcela that in 




his iKnich he would liiid Hoinr inoiicy, with which he wished 
him to hiiy some ol" the heHt vi'i'iniMon, inul. if |iossil»h', some 
^reeii jKiint. siich us (Viijiiirhola used to f^et (or liiiii in 
liOiidoM, sind have them |iiit in his poiirh with his fliitt and 
Hteel, and to he sure to he phu-ed in his j^rave. that ho 
niip^ht he ahh' to nniUe his huH* h)ok well a»non<>^ his (Vieuds 
wliere ho was ^oinnr. He wislied him, and Daniel also, to 
have his arrows examined in his (julver, and repaired with 
new and sliarp hhuh's, as he recoMected that, helore he was 
Hick, many of them were injured hy shootinj; at the tarfjjet, 
and during- his ilhiess others mij^ht liave h(!en destroyed. 
He had recpii'sted his silver medal, which was jriven to i in 
by the American government for savlnj; the lives of ten of 
his dereuculess enemies, to he suspended hy a hluo rihhon 
over his head while he was sick, that he Ini^ht see it until 
ho died, and in that j)osition it hunj; when I was last with 
him — his eyes were uj)on it, and his smile, until he drew 
his last breath. After his death his friend Biilntshccla, and 
Jeffrey and the Doctor, laid him in his collin.and, ])laciii<j in 
it, accordinf^ to the Indian mode, his faithful how and 
quiver of arrows, his ])il)e and tobacco to last him throujjjh 
the "journey he was to ])erform," havin<>; dressed him in all 
his finest clothes, and ])ainted his face, and ])laced his bow 
and cpiiver and his ])ouch by his side, and his medal on his 
breast, the coffin was closed, and his remains were buried, 
attended by his faithful friends around him, by the officers 
of the institution, and many citizens, wlio sympathized in 
his unlucky fate. 

Thus ended the career of No-lio-munya (or the Roman 
Nose), one of the most j)eaceable and well-dis])osed and 
finest men of the party, or of the tribe from which he came. 

The reader will now contemplate the Indians and their 
friend Bobashcela again in their private rooms in Manchester, 
spending a week or so together, smoking their ][)ipes, with 
their faces painted black, recounting the deeds of the 
vanished warrior, and recapitulating the events of their 
tour through England, Scotland, and Ireland, and trying to 





rlwrr the view tlml was iilinid of tluMii l»y <lrinliin^ r/n'rfi- 
oholtlhu). 'I'lu'sf H>w i\\\\H pUHNcd hnivily l»V. anil ihry soon 
lu'cnnu' anxiouH lo throw u\\ flu- ^;looin that \v»h cast <iv«r 
ihnu, l)y N<<(iMir Nonu'tliiujr new, and l>v r,'«uinin^r llu« »'xrr- 
rim' and «'1rrilfnu>nlH ol' lln« dancf. Their fhon^:hfH w»'n« 
now on Paris, and 1 wan then* niakinfr a^^an^:^•n^^Ml^M (Wr 
their iV(M'|)li«)n. Thi* reachr will iherelitre, with my liel|», 
hniit,iiir hiniHi'lf across Ihe Channel (and prolialily lor flu- lirN«, 
\\wv in his life wilhonl hein^ H«<a sick), and reajly t 
nu'ne<'. with tln' Indians and nu\ amidst 

o <'om- 

new scenes and new 

scenery, the lollowin^ chapter 


( --'O.i ) 

W^r ,'hirh- 

llicy HIM in 
nisi t)\vv 
\\\v vxvv- 

'iin'iits liir 
inv Ih>I)», 

tr (he lirsl 

V to <'oin- 

's luul new 

(;ii/\i»ri:u x\v. 

Till' Aiillmr ariivcH in I'mis Virlmiii lintel Mr. M, Imly im.l \\'\n Imliiiim 
iinivi' DiHlor inisMinjr, ami IimiimI nii llii' topdr tin- liotrl Alarm of 

wrvaiifH |''irHt ilrivr in Paris Visit in Mr. Kintr, tliM A rinm aiiiliaH. 

Hailnr Krciirli i hi, linlHihhnit M. Valtrniiin- Iniliaiis visit the Hotel ili' 
Villc rrelcl (If iioliec MaLaiiliienl wiloiis 'I'lie " hi^r liKikinfr-j^lasHes" 
— 'I'Ih' PrelcI'M lady HerreMlimenls aiiil i/iii/infuiNxtn Speeili of tlin 
War-chiel' llcjily ul' ||m> Trelel Salle Valentino taken lor the exlii- 
liilion Daniel arriveH with the Colleetion Inun liondon Indians visif. 
the Kin^itithe palaee ol' llie 'I'tiilerieM Hoyal pei!<onaires Conversa- 
tion VVar-«'hiel' pre.senls the ealiniiet Mis speech to (he Kiti^' Hujifle- 
danee VVar-datiec? LittU' VVoll' presenl.s his tomahawk mid whip to 
the KiiifT l!is speei h llelreshments and " (iueen's rliit linhtthlinn'' ~ 
Drinkin^r the Kinir's and (^Meen's health, and health of the Count, do 
Paris "Vive l<> Rui" .lini'H opinion oi' the Kinir An Indian'.s idea 
ol" de.seents Pre.seiits in iimney IVom the Kin^' M<ide ol' dividinjf it 
A drive Ladies leaditi(f do^^s with slrin^is -The nuinlier counted in oiMt 
drive The Indians' sni prise An entry lor .lim's hook Jim lament.s 
the loss ol'die Times newspapi-r atal I'liiirh lie lakes (Iali^Mlani's Mcs- 
senjjer lialians dine at W. C(»star"s The Doctor's com|tliinent to a 
lady's line voice ~ Indi;in» visit the Koyal A c.'.demy ol' Sciences — Curious 
reccpticm — M. Araf,'o Indians' suspi<'ions and alarms -.Jitii's rcmark- 
iihie s|i(<ech ( )pen'.n^ of the exhihition in Salle Valentino - (ircnit oxcite 
nient Speech of (he VVMr-chier Shaking huiids — J'nidic opinion of th> 
Author's Collet'tioii. 

< >i 

Having lonj^ belong resolved to take iiiy collection to PhiIh 
before returning; it to my own country, and tlu^ Indians 
beinjr an.bitioiis to Kce the Kinjjf of the l''r(!nch, it was niu- 
tually agreed that nty whole collection should be ojiened in 
Paris, and that their d.iiucs and othtT amusements should 
for a sliort time bo given in it, as they had been given in 

Under this arrang('ment, with my wife and my four dear 
little children, I re[)aircd to Paris as soon as j)Ossiblo, 


• I ■; 

ti i' 







leaving Daniel to ship over and accompany my collection, 
whilst Mr. Melody conducted his party of Indians. 

In crossing the Channel, and receding from its shores, as 
I was seated on the deck of a steamer, I looked back, and, 
having for the first time nothing else to do, and a little 
time to reflect upon England, and what I had seen of it in 
five years, I took out of my pocket my little note book, 
where I had entered, not what England is, and what she 
docs (and which all the world knows), but the points in 
which her modes are different from those in my own country. 
I would have a few leisure hours to run over these curious 
entries, and time to reflect upon them, as we sailed along, 
and I began to read thus : — 

" London, 1844, The essential Differences between England and 
the United States. 

*' The United States much the largest; but England is a great deal 

" New-Yorkers cross the streets diagonal!}-; the Londoners cross them 
at right angles. 

" In England the odd pennies are wrapped in a paper, and handed back 
with * I thank you, Sir.' 

" Streets in London have tops and bottoms ; in America they have 
upper and lower ends. 

*' In England a man's wife is ' very bad ;' in America, ' very ill ;' and in 
France, * bien malade.' 

" Americans 'turn to the right as the law directs;' the English turn to 
the left. 

" English mutton and babies are much the fattest. 

" Gooseberries in England much the largest, but not so sweet. 

" Pigs in the American cities are seen promenading in the streets; in 
London, only seen hanging by their hind legs. 

" In England men are 'knocked up;' in America they are 'knocked 

" ' Top-coals ' are very frequent in England, in America nothing is 
known higher than an ' over-coat.' 

" In the United States a man is ' smart ;' in England he is * clever.' 

" English ladies are more luscious, but not quite so " 

Just when I had read thus far, the steward tapped me 
on the shoulder and told me that " I was wanted below 
immediately, for my lady was very ill." I closed my book 

14 1 




en England and 

and ran below, where I found my poor wife and little family 
all dreadfully sick. I waited on thorn a while and got sea- 
sick myself. My musings on England and America were 
thus broken off"; and from the time that we launched forth 
amidst the clatter upon a French wharf, I had as much 
as I could do to keep my little children and my luggage 
together, and all recollections of England and my native 
country vanished in the confusion and din that was around 
me in the new world we were entering upon. Custom- 
houses and railways and diligences have been a thousand 
times described, and I need say nothing of them, except 
that we got through them all, and into the Victoria Hotel, in 
Paris, where we found rest, fine beds, kind attentions, and 
enough to eat. 

A few days after my arrival in Paris, Mr. Melody made 
his appearance with his party of loways, for whom apart- 
ments were prepared in the same hotel, and after much 
fatigue and vexation the immense hall in Rue St. Honors 
(Salle Valentino) was engaged as the place for their future 
operations. Daniel in the mean time was moving up with 
the Indian collection of eight tons weight, and in a few 
days all parties were on the ground, though there was to be 
some delay in arranging the numerous collection, and in 
getting the Indians introduced to the King, which was the 
first object. They had entered the city at a late hour at 
night, and for several days it had been impossible to attend 
to the necessary arrangements for driving them about ; and 
they became excessively impatient to be on wheels again, to 
get a glimpse of the strange and beautiful things which 
they knew were about them. In the mean time they were 
taking all the amusement to themselves that they could 
get, by looking out of the windows ; and their red and 
crested heads in Paris soon drew a crowd together in 
the streets, and thousands of heads ^.i-otruding from the 
windows and house-tops. The Doctor soon found his way 
to the roof, and from that regaled his eyes, at an early 
hour, with a bird's-eye view of the boundless mystery and 

ti l\ 




confusion of chimneys and house-to])8 and domes and spires 
that were around liim. 

The servants in the house were at first alarmed, and the 
good landlady smiled at their unexpected appearance ; and 
she roared with laughter when she was informed that the 
hods were all to be removed from their rooms, that thoy 
s])read their own rohes, and, in jireference, slej)t upon the 
floor. All in the house, however, got attached to them in a 
few days, and idl went pleasantly on. 

The first airing they took in Paris was in an omnibus 
with four, as they had been driven in London ; but, to the 
old Doctor's exceeding chagrin, there was no seat fur him to 
take outside by the side of the driver. He was easily recon- 
ciled however 1o his seat with the rest, and they thus soon 
had a glance at a number of the principal streets of the city, 
and were landed at the American Embassy, to pay their first 
respects to Mr. King, at that time the minister to France. 
They were received by Mr. King and his niece with great 
kindness ; and after a little conversation, through the in- 
terj)reter, Mr. King invited them to the table, loaded with 
cakes and fruit, and offered them a glass of wine, proposing 
their health, and at the same time telling them that, thoug. 
he was opposed to encouraging Indians to drink, yet he was 
quite sure that a glass or two of the via rowjc of the French 
would not hurt them. The colour of it sei'med to cause 
them to hesitate a moment, while they were casting their 
eyes around upon me. They understood the nod of iry 
head, and, hearing me pronounce it chickahohhoo, took the 
hint and drank it off with great pleasure. Mr. Melody 
here assured Mr. King of the temperate habits of these 
people; and I explained to the party the origin and 
meaning of chickahohhoo, which pleased them all very much. 
They partook of a second glass, and also of the cakes and 
fruit, and took leave, the War-chief having thanked Mr. 
King and his niece for their kindness, and having expressed 
his great pleasure at meeting so kind an American gentle- 
man so far from home. 

it ' 



18 and spires 

mod, and tho 
Ljaranco ; and 
led that the 
ns, that they 
Icpt upon the 
[ to them in a 

\ an omnibus 
1 ; but, to the 
cat for him to 
ts easily rccon- 
they thus soon 
>cts of the city, 
) pay their first 
ster to France, 
iccc with great 
hrough the in- 
Lle, loaded with 
[vine, proposing 
m that, thoug. 
ink, yet he was 
of the French 
ii'uied to cause 
■e casting their 
|the nod of vry 
iohhoo, took the 
Mr. Melody 
habits of these 
Ithe origin and 
all very much. 
If the cakes and 
g thanked Mr. 
Living expressed 
merican gentle- 

The Indians were now in their omnibus again, and Mr. 
Melody and myself in our carriage, with p kind friend, 
Mons. A. Vattcmare, who had obtained for the Indians an 
invitation to visit the Hotel dc Vil/e, where we were now to 
drive. In' this drive from St. Germain we recrossed the 
Seine by Pont Neuf, and had a fine view of all the bridges, 
and the palace of the Tuileries, and the Louvre. The 
omnibus sto])ped a moment on the middle of the bridge, and 
they were much excited by the view. A few minutes more 
brought us in front of the Hotel dc Ville, where several 
thousands of people were assembled ; it having been heard 
in the streets, in all probability, frcmi the servants or police, 
that a party of savages were to be there at that hour. 

There was a great outcry when they landed and entered 
the hall, and thi; crowd was sure not to diminish whilst they 
were within. 

We were all presented to His Excellency the Prrfet dc 
Police by my friend Mons. Vattemare, and received with 
great kindness, and conducted through all the principal 
apartments of that noble edifice, which are finished and fur- 
nished in the most sumptuous style, and in richness of effect 
surpassing even the most splendid halls of the palaces of the 
Tuileries or St. Cloud. 'I'he gorgeousncss of the carpets 
on which they stood, and the tapestry that was around them, 
and the incredible size of the mirrors that were reflecting 
them in a hundred directions, were subjects till then entirely 
new to them ; and they seemed completely amazed at the 
sj)lendour with which they were surrounded. From these 
splendid salons we were conducted into the salle a manyer^ 
and opportunely where the table was spread and the plates 
laid for a grand banquet. This was a lucky occurrence, 
affording us, as well as the Indians, an opportunity of see- 
ing the richness of the plate upon which those elegant affairs 
are served up, and which but a choice few can ever behold. 

Retiring from and through this suite of splendid salons, 
we entered an antechamber, where we were presented to 
the elegant lady of the Prcfet and several of their friends, 






who brought us to a table loaded with fruit and cakes and 
other refreshments, and wine of several sorts and the best 
in quality. The corks of several bottles of champagne 
were drawn, and, as the sparkling wine was running, each 
one smiled as he whispered the word chickahohhoo. The 
Prefet drank their health in a glass of the " Queen^s chick- 
ubobboo,'' as they called it, and then, with his own hand, 
presented each a handsome silver medal, and also one to 
Mr. Melody and myself. 

The War-chief by this time felt called upon for some 
acknowledgment on their part for this kind treatment, and, 
advancing to the Prefet, shook hands with him, and addressed 
him thus : — 

"My friend and father, your kindness to us tiiis day makes our hearts 
glad, and we thank you for it. We are strangers here, and poor ignorant 
children from the wilderness. Wc came here with heavy hearts, having just 
buried one of our warriors, and your kindness has driven away our sorrow. 
(' Hoiv, hoit, hou- .'') 

" My father, the sj)lendour of the rooms, and other things you have just 
shown us, blind our eyes with their briglitness, and we now see that white 
men can do anything. 

" My father, we were astonished at what we saw in London, where we 
have been, but we think your village is much the most beautiful. We 
thank the Great Sjnrit, who has opened your great house to us to-day, and 
also your lady, who has been kind to us. 

" My father, I have done." 

At the close of his speech the Prefet assured him of his 
kindly feelings towards them, and his anxiety for their wel- 
fare ; and after a general shake of hands we took leave, and 
descended to the street, and, passing through a dense crowd, 
took our carriages and drove back to our hotel. Thus 
ended their first day's drive and visits in Paris, furnishing 
them with a rich fund for a talk after their dinner and 
chickahohhoo, which was to be vin rouge in Paris, instead of 
ale, which they had been in the habit of drinking in England. 

Nothing could exceed the exhilarated flow of spirits in 
which they returned, and the admiration they were express- 
ing of the beauty of the city, and the splendour of tlie 



d cakes and 
and the best 
f champagne 
running, each 
abohhoo. The 
Queens clack- 
lis own hand, 
A also one to 

jpon for some 
veatment, and, 
, and addressed 

y makes our hearts 
, and poor ignorant 
■ hearts, having just 
n away our sorrow. 

liings you have just 
I now see that white 

London, where we 
,ost beautiful. We 
ise to us to-day, and 

arcd him of his 
ity for their wcl- 

took leave, and 
h a dense crowd, 
ill- hotel. Thus 
Paris, furnishing 
;heir dinner and 
Paris, instead of 
king in England, 
flow of spirits in 
ley were exprcss- 

plendour of the 


rooms they had been in. They were decided that tliey 
should be pleased with Paris ; and as Palaces, Kings, anil 
Queens were yet before them, they seemed to be perfectly 
happy. During their curious remarks on what they had 
seen, they already were saying that they had seen many 
tliousands of people, and were glad that they saw nobody 
in rags or begging. They thought the French people all 
had enough to eat, and that, they said, was a great pleasure 
to them ; for it made their hearts sore, when riding out, if 
they saw poor people, who had nothing to eat, as they had 
Scan in some places. 

The Indians decided that the houses of Paris were much 
more beautiful than they had seen in any place ; and they 
thought, from their cheerful looks, that either the people 
had their debts more paid up than the English people, or 
else that they had not so much money as to distress their 
looks for fear of losing it. We were all jjleased with the 
appearance of Paris, and compelled to feel cheerful from 
the buoyant feelings that were displayed all around us. 
Like the Indians, I was pleased with the neat and cleanly 
appearance of the poorest in the streets, and surprised at 
the beauty and elegance of their houses, which want, in my 
estimation, but one more embellishment, which it would be 
quite easy to give, to render the e fleet of their streets more 
beautiful than words can describe. That would be, to paint 
their window-blinds green, which, by contrast, Avould make 
the walls appear more white and clean, and break with 
pleasing variety the white monotony that now prevails 

This first day's drive about the city had created a pro- 
digious excitement and curiosity where they had gone, and 
given to the Indians just peep enough, amidst the beauties 
of Paris, to create a restlessness on both sides for a more 
familiar acquaintance, and which it had been thought most 
prudent to defer until they had made their visit to the 
Palace, for which their application had been made to the 
King by the American minister, and to which we were daily 

VOL. II. p 


{■ i\ 





expecting a reply. In the mean time, Mr. Melody, and 
Jeffrey, and tlie Indians kept (juiet, entertaining an occa- 
sional \)iiYty of some American friends, or distinguished 
personages, who were sending in their cards, and seeking 
interviews with them. During all this delay they had 
enough to amu«f^ them, by talking of what they had already 
seen, and what they expected they were going to see, and 
cleaning and preparing their dresses for the great occasion. 
J, in the mean time, with my man Daniel, and others, was 
arranging my collection on the walls of the Salle Valentino; and, 
by the kind and friendly aid of Mons. Vattemare, obtaining 
my licence from the authorities, and also conforming to the 
other numerous and vexatious forms and ceremonies to be 
gone through before the opening of my exhibition to public 

The Minister of the Interior had kindly granted an order 
for the admission of my whole collection into the kingdom, 
by my paying merely a nominal duty, but there were still 
forms and delays to submit to in the customs, which were 
tedious and vexatious, but by the aid of my above-mentioned 
good friend, they had all been overcome ; and my collection 
was now nearly ready for the public examination, when I 
received a letter from the American minister, informing me, 
that " on a certain day, and at a certain hour. His Majesty 
would see Mr. Catlin and Mr. Melody, with the loway 
Indians, in tr.e Palace of the Tuileries." There was great 
rejoicing amongst the good fellows when they heard this 
welcome letter read, and several of them embraced me in 
their .rms, as if I had been the sole cause of it. Their 
doubts were now at an end : it was certain that they should 
see the King of France, Avhich, they said, " woul 1 be far more 
satisfactory, and a greater honour, than to have seen the 
Queen of England." Whatever the poor fellows thought, 
such was their mode of exultation. " The Ojibbeways," they 
said, " were subjects of the Queen, but we will be subjects of 
Louis Philippe." 

They had yet a few days to prepare, and even without 

Melody, and 
ning an occa- 
J, and seeking 
lay tlicy had 
y had already 
ig to sec, and 
rreat occasion, 
nd others, was 
Valentino ; and, 
lare, obtaining 
Pjrming to the 
emonics to be 
)ition to public 

-anted an order 
the kingdom, 
here were still 
uns, which Avere 
d my collection 
ination, when I 
, informing me, 
ur, His Majesty 
nth. the loway 
lerc was great 
they heard this 
embraced me in 
4C of it. Their 
that they should 
oul 1 be far more 
have seen the 
fellows thought, 
ibbeways," they 
ill be subjects of 


d even without 



their drives or company they were contented, as the time 
passed away, and they were preparing for the interview. 
On the morning of the day for their reception, the long 
stem of a beautiful pipe had been painted a bright blue, 
and ornamented with blue ribbons, emblematical of peace, 
to be presented by the chief to the King. Every article of 
dress and ornament had been ])ut in readiness ; and, as the 
hour approached, each one came out from his toilet, in o. 
full blaze of colour of various tints, all with their wampum 
and medals on, with their necklaces of grizly bears' claws, 
their shields, and bows, and quivers, their lances, and war 
clubs, and tomahawks, and scalping knives. In this way, 
in full dress, with their painted buffalo robes wrapped 
around them, they stepped into the several carriages 
prepared for them, and all were wheeled into the Place 
Carousel, and put down at the entrance to the Palace. We 
were met on the steps by half a dozen huge and splendid 
looking porters, in flaming scarlet livery and powdered wigs, 
who conducted us in, and being met by one of the King's 
aides-de-camp, we were coriuctedby him into His Majesty's 
presence, in the receptior hall of the Tuileries. 

The royal party were advancing towards us in the hall, 
and as we met them, Mr. Melody and myself were ])resented ; 
and I then introduced the party, each one in person, accord- 
ing to his rank or standing, as the King desired. A sort 
of conversazione took place there, which lasted for half an 
hour or more, in which I was called u])on to explain their 
weapons, costumes, &c., and which seemed to afford great 
amusement to the royal personager> assembled around and 
amongst us, who were — their Maje ties the King and 
the Queen, the Duchess of Orleans and Count de Paris, the 
Princess Adelaide, the Prince and Princess de Joinville, the 
Duke and Duchess d'Aumale, and his Royal Highness the Duke 
de Brahant. 

His Majesty in the most free and familiar manner (which 
showed that he had been accustomed to the modes and feel- 
ings of Indians) conversed with the chiefs, and said to Jeffrey, 

p 2 





'' 'F'c'll these f^ood fellows that T am <^la(l to sec them ; that T 
have been in many of the wi<rwams of the Indians in Ame- 
rica when I was a young laan, and they treated me every 
where kindly, and I love them for it. — Tell them I was 
amongst the Senecao near Buffalo, and the Oneidas — that I 
slept in the wigwams of the chiefs — that I was amongst the 
Shawnees and Delawares on the Ohio ; and also amongst the 
Cheiokees and Creeks in Georgia and Tennessee, and saw 
many other tribes as I descended the Ohio river the 
whole length, and also the Mississippi to New O' 'cans, in a 
small boat, more than fifty years ago." TV s made the 
Indians stare, and the women, by a custom of their country, 
placed their hands over their mouths, as they issued groans 
of surprise. 

" Tell them also, Jeffrey, that I am pleased to sec their 
wives and little children they have with them here, and glad 
also to show them my family, who are now nearly all around 
me. 'J ell them, Jeffrey, that this is the Queen ; this lady is 
my sister ; tltcse are two of my sons, with their wives; and 
tlicse little lads [the Cuiint dc Paris and the Due de Brabant] 
are my grandsons ; this one, if he lives, will be King of the 
Belgians, and that one King of the French." 

The King then took from his pocket two large gold 
medals wilh his own portrait in relief on one side of 
them, and told mc he wished to present them to the two 
chiefs with his own hand, and wished Jeffrey to explain to 
them, that after presenting them in that way, he wished 
them to hand them back to him that he might have a proper 
inscription engraved on them, when he would return 
them, and silver medals of equal size to each of the others, 
with their names engraved upon them. After the medals 
were thus presented and returned, the War-chief took out 
from under his robe the beautiful pipe which he had pre- 
pared, and advancing towards the King, and holding it with 
both hands, bent forward and laid it down at his Majesty's 
feet as a present. Having done so he reached down, and 
taking it up, placed it in his Majesty's hand (Plate No. IT)), 


c them ; that 1 
dians in Ainc- 
atc'd me every 
;ll them I was 
neidas — that 1 
as amoiififst the 
so amon<^st the 
ncssee, and saw 
ihio river the 
w Oilcans, in a 
n s made the 
f their country, 
y issued groans 

scd to sec their 

1 here, and glad 
■arly all around 
Dcn ; this lady is 
icir wives; and 
Due lie Brabant] 
\ be King of the 

two large gold 
on one side of 
hem to the two 
cy to explain to 
way, he wished 
ht have a proper 

2 would return 
ch of the others, 
Vfter the medals 
,r-chief took out 
tiich he had prc- 
d holding it with 

at his Majesty's 
iched down, and 
1 (Plate No. If)), 



'\i l\ 




uiiil (hen, iiNsiiiuiiip; liis jtroiid iittiliidi' ol' llic oratoi', ud- 
ilrrssrd Jhcir Mnjcslifs in llicsc words: — 

(iri'iil I'lillirr anil (irciil Mnllicr, llic ( irciil S|iiril, in wlioin \vi> I 


a \o\t\i tiint |iniyt'il liir an ititi'ix low with yiui, kimll} IinIiiim Id our vmhiIs 
Iti-tlay anil lirars what we say. (iioat l''alln'i-, ynn liav<> niailr lo ns tii-ilay 
rich prrscnls, anil I rist> to rrtin'n tlianks In you I'nr lli«< cliii'l' ami Iiih 
warriors ami liravrs who an- imcsimiI ; Itnl, liflorr all, it is nrtcs.Mn'y llial «o 
shoiilil ihank ihi- (irral S|)iril who has ins|iirril your hntilaml yonr hiniil 
thus to honour us this ilay. 

" (Jrcut I'aliicr, wr shall licar thi-si' |irrsi'nls to our country am! instrucf. 
our chililnMi to proMiuinic llir iiauir ol' liiin who ^avc ihini. 

" (treat I'allii'r, win-n the Imlians have anylhinu; to say to a ^:rrat rliicC, 
they arc in tlu! Iiahit of inukin); siuuc prt'scnt lid'orc thry lii'^in. My chirr 
has '' .Icrcil nic to place in yoin' haniis this |ii|ii'anil tlii'sc string's of waui|iuin 
as a testimony o\' llie pleasure we have lelt in liciM;; ailmitleil this day into 
the prcNcnce ol'yiair Majesty, 

*' My (Jreal I'ather ami my (Ireat Molher, you see us Ihis day as we 
are seen in oiu' counlry witli our red skins and our coarse clollies. 'I'his 
diy lor i/iiii is like all other days; lor */.s' it is a ^real day so (;real a day 

that our eyes an 

Itlimlcil with the lustre ol it. 

*' (Jreal Father, the cliiel', niysell', and onr warriors have lor a loii^j time 
had the desire to come and see the I'remh people, ami oiu' (ireat I'ather 

the President id" the Uniled Slates 


iven ns permission to cross the 

(Ireat Ijuke. We desired to see ihe (Jreal ( 'hiei' ol' lliis coimtry, and we 
now thank the (Jreal Spirit tor havin;^ allowed ns to shake the hand (d'th<> 
(Jreat Chiel' in his own wigwam. 

" (Jreal Father, we are happy to tell y(Mi thai when we arrived in I'lnp;- 
limd, we had nnich joy in meetin^^ onr <dd I'riend Mr. Cairm, who has 
lived amoiiLjst ns uiid whom wc are happy to hav(r lu-re, as he can tell you 
who we are. 

" (Jreat Kulher and (Jreat Mother, we will pray to the (Jrcut Spirit to 
preserve your precio-'s lives; we will pray also that wt- may return sale to 

tell t( 

our own village 





I t< 

o onr < liiiilren umi to our youn)^' nuMi 

what we have seen this day. 
" My Parents, 1 'lavo no nior(! to suy." 

When llu' War-chief had lini.sht d his s])ee(li, ihe Kin^- 
told .lelFrey to say that hi' Celt v«'ry great pleasure in liaving- 
seen them, and lie h()])e(l thiit the (ireat Spirit would f^uide 
them sale home to their country, to their wives and little 

The Kin^ and Royal Family then took leave ; iind as they 
wvYii dcpartin*^, some one ol" them being attract d to the 

I. . 'I 

" h 4 

I ■• I 


V.Mil.V. DANCE. 

Indian druui which .Toffrcy ha<l hroufrht, in his hand, and 
had lolt niu)n thr floor in another ])art of iho room, ami 
in<|uirin^ what, it was. was told that it waH thrir drum 
which tliry liad hrouf^ht with thoni, su|t|»osinf; it jiossihU; 
they nufijlit he caUed upon to ^ive a chirice. This inf'ornm- 
tion overtook the Kinjj^, and he said, "By >ill means; call 
the Queen :" and in a few moments the aufj^ust assemhly 
were all hack to witness the dance, for which purpose all 
parties moved to the Su/ir du lial. Their Majesties and the 
ladies were seated, and the Indians all seating; themselves 
in the middle of the floor, commenced moderately sinpfinj; 
and heating the drum, prej)aratt)ry to the Eagle Dance, in 
which they were in a few moments engaged. 

During this novel and exciting scene, her Majesty desired 
mc tostanil by the side of her to explain the nu^aning of all its 
features, which seemed to astonish and amuse her very much. 
The Doctor led off first in the cV;"acter (as he called 
it) of a soaring eagle, sounding his i agle whistle, which he 
carried in his left hand, with his fa.i of the eagle's tail, 
while he was brandishing his lance in the other. 

At the first j)ause he instantly sto])j)ed, and, in the 
attitude of an orator, made his boast of an instance where 
he killed an enemy in single combat and took his scalp. 
The Little Wolf, and IVash-ha-mon-jja^ and others, then 
sprang upon their feet, and sounding their chattering 
whistles,* and brandishing their polished weaj)ons, gave an 
indescribable vvildiiess and s])irit to the scene. When the 
dance was finished, the Indians had the pleasure of receiving 
their Majesties' ajjplause, by the violent cla])ping of their 
hands, and afterwards by expressions of their pleasure and 
admiration, conveyed to them through the interpreter. 

This was exceedingly gratifying to the poor fellows, who 
were now seated \x\)o\\ the floor to rest a moment previous 
to commencing with the war-dance, for which they were 

* An ingenious vhistle made to iniitute the chattering of the soaring: 
eagle, and used in the e«gle dance. 


118 hand, and 
10 room, and 
I thi'ir (Inuu 
ifT it |)ossil)lo 
V\\'\n int'orina- 
l nu-ans; call 
riiHt assembly 
\\ purpose all 
|ostio8 and the 
njr themselves 
■rately sinjrins 
iigle Dance, in 

lajesty desired 
leaning of all its 
her very much. 
• (as he called 
histlc, which he 
,hc eagle's tail, 

d, and, in the 
instance where 
took his scalp, 
nd others, then 
their chattering 
eapons, gave an 
;cne. When the 
sure of receiving 
[lapping of their 
leir pleasure and 
poor fellows, who 
moment previous 
which they were 

:tcring of the soarin? 




preparing their weapons, and in which the l.ittle Wolf was 
to take the lead. I'\)r this, as the drnm beat, he threw 
aside his bnilalo robe and sprang npon the lloor, brandish- 
ing his tomahawk and shield, and Nounding the rrightfut 
war-whoop, which calU'd his warriors up artaind him. 
Nothing could have been niore thrilling or pictunK<(ue than 
the scene at that moment prescMitid of this huge and ter- 
rible-looking warrior, frowning death and destructioti on his 
brow, as he brandished the very weapoi\s he had used in 
deadly combat, and, in his jumps ajid sudden starts, seemed 
threatening with instant usi' again! The lloors and ceilings 
of the Palace shook with the weight of their sti'jjs, and its 
long halls echoed and vibrated the shrill-sounding notes of 
the war-whoop. (Plate No. I().) 

In the midst of this dance, the I-ittle Wolf suddenly 
br;m(lished his tomahawk over the heads of his comrades, 
and, ordering them to stop, advanced towards the King, atul 
boiisting in the most violent exclanuitions of the mantuM* in 
which he had killed and scalped a Pawnee warrior, ])laced in 
his Majesty's hands his tomnluurh and the icliip which was 
attached to his wrist, and then said, — 

" My Gront Kutlior, yoii Imvo hcanl rn(! say that wi»li tliat tomolKtiih 1 
havo killed a I'awiu'(? warrior, one of the ciieniies of my tril)e ; the hlach- 
of'tliat tomahawk is .still covered with his hicod, which you will see. That 
whip is the same with which I whipped my iiorse on that occasion. 

" My Father, since I have com(> into this eoimtry I have learned that 
peace is hotter than war, and I ' !miif the tomahawk ' in your liarids — 1 fight 
no more." 

His Majesty deigned graciously to acce))t the arms thus 
presented, after having cordi.dly shaken the hand of the 
loway brave. 

Their Majesties and attendants then withdrew, taking 
leave of the Indians in the most gracious and condescending 
manner, expressing; their thanks for the amusement they 
had afforded them, and their anxiety for their welfare, 
directing tlicm to be shown into the various apartments of 
the palace, and then to be conducted to a table of wine and 
other refreshments prepared for them. 

'1 SI 





We were now in charge of an officer of the household, 
who politely led us through the various magnificent halls of 
the Palace, explaining every thing as we passed, and at 
length introduced us into a room with a long table spread 
and groaning under its load of the luxuries of the season, 
and its abundance of the " Quccii's chickahohhoo.^^ These 
were subjects that required no explanations ; and all being 
soated, each one evinced his familiarity with them by the 
readiness with which he went to work. The healths of the 
King and the Queen were drank, and also of the Count de 
Paris, and the rest of the Royal family, 'J he chickahohhoo 
they pronounced " first-rate ;" and another bottle being 
poured it was drank otf, and we took our carriages, and, 
after a drive of an hour or so about the city, were landed 
again in our comparatively humble, but very comfortable, 

The ])arty returning from the Tuilcries found their dinner 
coming up, and little was said until it was over, and they 
had drank their chicliabohboo, and seated themselves upon 
their buffalo robes, which were spread ujjon the floor, and 
lighted the pipe. I have before said that the pipe is 
almost indispensable with Indians, where there is to be 
any exertion of the mind in private conversation or public 
sjjeaking, and ihat generally but one pipe is used, even in a 
numerous com^>any, each one drawing a few whiffs through 
it, and ])assing it on into the hands of his next neighbour. 

In this manner they were now seated, and passing the 
pipe around as I came in, and took a seat with them. 
They were all quite mer"y at the moment by trying to 
sound the " Vive Ic Roi .'" which I had taught them at the 
King's table when they were drinking b"s Majesty's health. 
It jmzzled them very much, but the adept Jim took it 
directly, and as the rest found he had got it they seemed 
quite satisfied, thinking most probably that they could 
learn it at their pleasure. 

"Well, Jim," said I, "what do you think of the King, 
Louis Philijtpe ?" lie reached for the pipe, and taking a 

e household, 
icent halls of 
ssed, and at 

table spread 
f the season, 
hoo" These 
and all being 

them by the 
lealths of the 
the Count de 
e chickahohhoo 

bottle bcinj^ 
ivriagcs, and, 
, were landed 
' comfortable, 

d their dinner 
^rer, and they 
;mselves upon 
the floor, and 
t the pipe is 
lere is to be 
ition or public 
ised, even in a 
vhifFs through 
t neighbour, 
d passing the 
at vith them, 
by trying to 
t them at the 
ijcsty's health, 
t Jim took it 
it they seemed 
at they could 

k of the King, 
, and taking a 



/ ;'~ 


-^^4 ©e^SI^^^H 





])ufror two handed it to the Doctor, and rolling over on to 
his biirk, and drawing up his knees, said, " I tliink he is a 
great man and a very good man. I Ixilieve he is a much 
greater chief" than the (^ueen of Enghind, and that he 
governs his ])eo|)le much better, because we don't see so 
many ])oor peo])le in the streets — we think that his ])e<)])le 
all have enough to eat. His wigwan\ is very grand and 
very bright, and his cliu-hdhohhoo the best that we have had. 
We did not see the King with his fine dress on, but as his 
servants all around him were beautifully dressed, like 
gentlemen, we know that the King and Queen must look 
very elegant when they are in full dress. We saw the 
King's two sons, and he told us that his grandson was to be 
the King when he dies — now we don't understand this !" 
It seemed that his teacher, Daniel, had overlooked the 
doctrine of descents during their close investigations of the 
statistics and ])olitics of England, and the poor fellow was 
yet (piite in the dark to know "how a grandson (a mere 
child) would be taken in case of the King's death, instead 
of (me of his sons, either of whom he said he thought would 
make a very good king if he would take a trip for a year 
or two, as his father did, on the Mississij)pi and Missouri, 
amongst the different tril)es of Indians." This was con- 
sidered a pretty clever thing for Jim to say, and it raised 
a laugh amongst the Indians; lie was encouraged to go 
on, and turned his conversation u[)on the gold and sdver 
medals, with which he was very much ])leased. They 
were delighted with the idea that the King's portrait 
was on one side, and that he was to have their names 
engraved on the other ; and they were not less delighted 
when 1 told them that the gentleman who had come in 
with me and was now sitting by my side, had come from 
the King to bear them some other token of his Majesty's 
attachment to them. The object of his visit being thus 
made known to them, he turned out into the lap of the chief 
500 francs to be divided according to their custom. This 
of course put a stop to c(mversations about descents nn 1 

i \m 



Palaces, &(•., for the time, and all went to countinfi^ until it 
was (livitled into thirteen ])aiTels, one of which for the inter- 
])reter. .letfrey, however, very kindly surrendered his 
share, and insisted that they should divide it all anionfj^st 
themselves. It was accordinj^ly made into twtdve ])arxt^ls, 
each one, old and younjj^. takinjj^ an ecjual share, accordiui;- 
to the Indian mode of dividing; in all the tribes 1 have 

The War-chief rose and addresscnl the younjij man who 
was commissioned to bear the ])r(>sent to them : — 

" My Frii'iiti, wo liiiv«' soon your King (ourCJroal Fullior) Oiis day, inii! 
onr hearts woro mado ^:lati lluit wo woro allowed l»» soo Iiis I'aco. Wo now 
roooivo tlio lokon of'liis t'riondsliin wltioli lio has sont thronLfh your hands, 
and onr hearts are asrain glad. (' Ilon\ hou\ fiotr !') 

" My Friend, wt> wish yon to say to the King, onr (Jroat Father, that 
wo are thankful lor his kindness, aixl that wo shall pray that the (Ireat 
Spirit may bo kiixl to liim and his children. 

" My Friend, we are all nnieh obliged to yon, and wo shall be glad to 
ottor yon the pipe with ns. (' Jfoir, /loic, how! ')" 

The ])i]ie was passed a few times around, with some 
further anecdotes of their visit to the ])alace. when the 

messenger arose and took leave of them. 

In countinj^f the 

money, dim had lost his attitude, so titer*' was littU» mori- of 
the sentimental fnnn him, as the conversation was runiiiiif^ 
uj)on the Kino's bounty, rather than his greatuess, or the 
splendour of thino^s they had seen during the day. From 
the liberal additions to their private j)urse while in Dublin, 
and by what they were n<)w receivin*^, they were beginning;' 
to feel a little ])urse proud, dim was talking of having u 
brick house to live in when he got home, and the Doctor of 
heailing a war party to go against the OJibhricai/s. The 
War-chief told him he liad better pay his debts first, and 
that he had slain enough in his own tribe, without going 
ainong'st his enemies for the purpose. The Little IVolf was 
going to get money enough to buy thirty horses, and lead 
a war })arty against his old enemies, the Pawnees; but 
Mr. Melody reminded him that he was to go to war no 

in^ until it 
)!• the intor- 
•ndcivd his 
all iimoiifjjst 
Ivo ])ai\(^ls, 
\\\ a('ci)r(lin<;- 
ilu's 1 havo 

11 ir man 


■r) this (iiiy, «iii<l 
lacf. Wo now 
uli your huiuls, 

■cat l-'atluM-, timt 
that tlui Grout 

shall l)f triad to 

1, with some 
■e, when tlio 
counting thr 
littl> more of 
was runiiiiif^ 
itnoss, or tlu- 
i clay. From 
lie in Dublin, 
ore heginning- 
;• of having a 
the Doctor of 
')hcir(ii/s. The 
ehts first, and 
rt'ithout going 
itt/c IVolf was 
rses, and lead 
Pawnees ; hut 
go tt) war no 

i? .(?■•■ 



more, as he had "buried the tomaluiwk in his IVlajesty's 

'L'hus musing anrl moridizing on tlu* events of tlu^ day, I 
left them to their conversation and their jnpe. to attend, 
myself, where my pri^sence was ntu-essary, in arranging uiy 
collection, ami preyiaring n>y rooms for their exhibitions. 
In this I had a real task —a scene of vexation and diday 
that I should wish nciver to go throngh again, and of 
which a brief account may be of service to any one of my 
cotintrymen who may be going to Paris to open a ]»ublic 
exhibition; at least, my hints will enable him, if he [uiys 
attention to them, to begin at the: right time, a m1 at the 
right end of what he has got to do, and to do it to the best 

His first step is, for any exhibition whatever, to make his 
application to the Prefiurt of Police for his licence", which is 
in all cas(>s doid)tful, and in all cases also is suri^ to recpiirc^ 
two or three weiiks for his petition to ]>ass tin; slow rontine 
of the various oflices and hatids which it mnst go through. 
If it be for any exhibition that can be construed into an 
interference? with the twenty or thirty tlu'atre licenc(^s, it 
nuiy as well not be a])j)li(!d for or thought of, Ibr they will 
shut it u]) if oj)ened. 

It is also necessary to arrange in time; with the ovc^rsc^cM- 
of the ])oor, whether he is to take one-eighth or onci-fifth of 
the receipts for the hospitals — for the /los/tia;, ashc is termed, 
is placed at the door of all exhibitions in Paris, who carries 
oir one-eighth or one-fifth of the daily receipts every night. 
It is necessary also, if catalogues arc to be; sold in the rooms, 
to lodge one of them at least two weeks before the (!xhibi- 
tion is to open in the hands of the (/ominissaire de Polic(\ 
that it may pass through the office of th(! Prcd'ect, and twenty 
other officers' hands, to be read, and duly dcicided that there; 
is nothing revolutionary in it; and then to sell them, or to 
give them away (all the same), it is necessary for the ])erson 
who is to sell, and who alone can sell them, to apply pt^rson- 
ally to the Commissaire de Police, and make oath that he 

I il, 


I ■• 

lil!:. il, 

:f '■ I 



was hoi'M in France. Id ^'\\r his np^c uiid addn'ss, &r , (Stc, 
lu'loic he ciin laKi' llic ])arl tliat is assif^iicd liini. It is iIumi 
nrci'ssarv, when the cxhibilion is aniionnciMl. to wail, nntil 
svvcn oii'is;ht «;uards and jiolicc. willi ninskcls and hayonclK 
lixi'd. t'nii>r and nidtar the doors, and open tluMn (or tlic 
pnblii-'s adn\ission. It is nt'ct'ssar) fo snltnnl to their 
IViindly eare durinj>- every day of the exhihititm, and lo pay 
eacli one l»is waj^'es at niyht, when they h»ek up the rooms 
an(I ])ut onl the hglits. In all this, however, thonj^h CAjjen- 
sive. there is one reih'eniin^' (eatnre. These nntnhers of 
armed police, at tiieir posts, in front of ti\e th)or. and in the 
])assan\\ as well as in the exhiliition rooms, j»ive respei'ta- 
hility to its a])pearance. and preserve the strictest onh'r 
and (pjiet amon<;st the conipany, and keep a const arit and 
viy-ilant eve to the proti'ction of pn)perly. During' the time 
I was tMii^ativd in settlinj;' these tedions |)reliminaries. and 
rettino- m> rooms ])repared for their exhihition, the Indians 
were takino' their daily riiles. and «^H'ttiii<>' a passinjj^ j]^limps(« 
of most of the out-door sceni's of Paris. 'I'hey wen- adniittinj;* 
parties of distini^nishetl visitors, who were calling;' u])on 
them, and occasionally leavinj;- Ihem liheral ]iresents. and 
})assinij their evenings upon their hull'alo skins, handin<^ 
around the nt^'er-tiritio- pi])e. and talking- about the Kin^-, 
and their medals, and curious things tlu>y had seen as they 
had been ridinjjj throni>h the streets. The thin<>' wliicii as 
yet amused tlie Doctor the most was the jj^reat nnnd)er 
of women they saw in liie streets leadinj»; dogs with ribbons 
and strini>-8. He said he thought tliey liked tiieir (h)j»s belter 
than tliey did their little children. In London, he said he 
had seen some little doi^s leadinf»; their masters, who were 
blind, and in Paris they bei:!;an to tiiink tlie lirst day thoy 
rode out that one half of the Paris women were blind, but 
that they had a jjjreat lauu^h when thi'y Kmnd tiiat their eyes 
were wide open, and that instead t)f their do<jfs leading tliem. 
they were leading their dogs. The Doctor seemed ])uzzled 
about the custom of the women leading so many dogs, and 
although he did not in any direct way censure them for 

^ — n 



l,AI)IK,S M'ADINc; IJI'I'I,!', I)(h;s. 


It is lln'ii 
unit \iMtil 
1(1 buyoiu'ls 
iMM lor tht* 
it to tlu'ir 
, and to pay 
the rooins 

iiumltiTs ol' 
and in the 
o rt'sj)i<('ta- 
icti'st ordor 
mstaiit and 
ill"- tlu' tiiiu^ 
inarios, and 
the Indians 
iini>- p;iini|)si> 
II' admitting" 
ulling n])on 
resents, and 
ns, handinjjf 
t the Kino-, 
ieen as they 
n<r wliich as 
eat nnnd)er 
vith rihlions 
dop^s better 
. lie said he 
•s, who were 
rst day they 
e blind, bnt 
at their eyes 
adinj^ them, 
lied ])ijz/.led 
ly dogs, and 
re them for 

doing it. it seemed to perplex 'lim, and he wonid sit and 


nile and talk aJonl it Inr honrs toncther. lie and Ji 


had, . lirst, sn|)|)osed, alter they Ibnnd that the ladies were 
not blind, that they coolu'd and ate then'., bnt tlu>y wero 
soon corrected in this notion, and always alter remaiiu'd at 
a loss to know what they conld do with them. 

On one <>r their drives, the Doctor and .lini. snpplii-d with 
a pencil and a piece of pii]>er, had amused themselv(s by 
connting, IVom both sides oi' the omnibus, the ninnber of 
women they passj'd. leading dogs in the street, and thns 
made sonu" amnsenu'nt with their list when they got honu?. 
They had been absent near an honr. and «liivirig thron^h 
mi»ny of the principal streets of the cit.y, and their list stood 

VVonicii icailiii^'' one lilllr do^ 
Women leiulin^; two litll ' do^^'s 




iiliMir (liree lillle (Ioks 

Women will) \}\^ (Io^-h luliowin^f (no string') 


omen eai'"yin^r little ilops 

Women with little dofis in eaniaj;;eM 



'Ihe poor fellows insisted on it that the abov*' was a 
corri'ct acconnt, and .Jim, in his droll way (bnt I have no 
donbt (jnite honesUy), said that " It was not a very good 

day c 


1 was almost dis])()sed to (pjestion tin* correctness of tlunr 
estinuite, nntil I took it into my head to make a similar 
v)ne, in ii walk I was one day taking, from the Place Ma- 
deleine, throngh a ])art()r the Bonlevard, l»ne St. Ilonore, 
and Rue Kivoli, and a turn in the garden of the 'I'nileries. 
I saw so many that I lost my reckoning, when I was acttially 
not a vast way from tin; list they gav(! me as above, and 
(piite able to believe that their record was near to the truth. 
While the amus(!ment was going on about the ladies and the 
little dogs, Daniel, who had already siu-n m my more of the 
sights of Paris than 1 had, told the Indians that there was a 
J)o(/ Ilosjfilal and a J)of/ Market in Paris, both of them curious 
])laccs, and well worth their seeing. This amused the 




Doctor and Jim vory much. Tho Doctor did not caiv for 
tho Dtu/ Marlid, but the llompitalXw must see. IIethou«;ht 
the hospital iiiiist be a very necessary thina^, as there were 
such vast numbers; and he thoujjfht it would be a u;ood 
thiuf^ to have an hospital for their niistresses also. Jim 
thought more of the market, and must sec it in a day or 
two, for it was about the time that they should j;;ive a feast of 
thanksjrivinii'. and " a Doi/ Fatat was always the most acce])t- 
able to the Cireat Spirit." It was tluis agreed all around, 
that they should make a visit in a few days to the Dog 
Market and the Dog Hospital. 

Jim got Daniel to enter the above list in his book as a very 
interesting record, and t)rdered him to leave a blank space 
underneath it, in order to record any thing else they might 
learn about doijs while in Paris. 

Poor Jim ! he was at this time deeply lamenting the loss 
of the ])leasure he had just commenced to draw from the 
' Times ' newsi)aper, for which he had become a subscriber, 
and his old and amusing friend ' Punch,' which Daniel had 
been in the habit of entertaining them with, and which he had 
been obliged to relinquish on leaving Kngland. His friend 
Daniel, however, who was sure always to be by him, parti- 
cularly at a late hour in the evenings, relieved him from his 
trouble by telling him that there was an English ])aper 
printed in Paris every day, ' Galignani's Messenger,' which 
republished nearly all the murders, and rapes, and robberies, 
&c. from the ' Times ; ' and also, which would make it doubly 
interesting, those which were daily occurring in Paris. Jim 
was now built up again, and as he could already read a few 
words was the envied of all the party. He was learning 
with Daniel and Jeffrey a few words in Frencli also, to which 
the others had not asj)ired ; he could say quite distinctly 
" vive le roi ;" he knew that "■ honjour" was " ^ood morning," 
or " how do do ? " that " iow" was " good," that " mauvais^ was 
" bad," and that " very sick" was '' bicn malade.'"' He re- 
quested Daniel to get Galignani's paper daily for him, for 
which he and the Doctor had agreed to pay equal shares. 

INDIANS DINK A I" W. f(>S'l"A|{S. 


!!»• srt'nu'il now (|uiti' hi\])])y it» tlio o]»ini()M that liis proHjMits 
for {ivlliztitioii wnt' a^-aiii ujion a ]tn)])('r lontiiij;. ami tlu' 
old l>o(ti)r, who ]>roliti'il i'<|ually by all of Danit'l's ri'aditin^s. 
was <U'li<;litrd to liMul Wis purse to sharr in tlu' cxpcnst'. 
Danii'l at this monicnt pulU'd the hist iiiinilu'r of (Jalij^nani 
out ol' his pocket, the first siolit of which pU'ased theuj very 
much, and alter reiidino- several extracts of horrid niKrdrrs. 
/ii(//iirai/ rohhcrics, &c.. I'roni the 'Times, ' he came across a little 
thiu<; that amused them. — tiie j^reat nundu'r and le?i«^tli of 
the names of the little Prince of Wales, which he read over 
thus: — 

(The author rej^rets very much that he tool- no memo- 
randum of this, but refers the reader to the liondon pa])ers 
for it.) 

There was a hearty lauijfh hy the whole troop when Daniel 
got through, hut when Mr. Melody repeated the name of a 
])oor fellow who used to dress deer skins for a living in the 
vicinity of ISf. Loids, they all laughed still more heartily, 
and C/iip/ic/io/anvt in and lauglied also. He had forgotten a 
part of this ])0()r iellow's name, hut as far as he recollected 
of his sign hoard, it ran thus: — " lldinnis, hnhlxird, luhhard, 
lamhcrd, luti/i, vaiidiiiik, Peter, Jaeo/nis, /.oe/umiore, Ldvciidolph, 
dresses deer skins of all animals^ and '\\\ all ways, alum 

Such was a ])art of the gossip of an evening, while my days 
were occu])iod in ])re])aring my rooms for the admission of 
the ])ublic. During this delay, one of the gentlemen 
who visited the Indians most frecpiently, as his native 
countrymen, was Mr. W. Costar, foruu>rly of TSew York, but 
now living in Taris, and whose kind lady inv'ted the whole 
]iarty to dine at her house. 

The Indians had ex])resscd the greatest ])l<3asur(! at meet- 
ing this American gentleman in Paris, as if they claimed a 
sort of kindred to him, and met the invitation as one of great 
kindness, and the interview as (me in which they were to 
feel much pleasure. They were ])articularly careful in 
dressing and })re])aring for it, and when ready, and the 





fiinc liiid arrived. Mr. Melody and I acconiitanu'd tlicin in 
this j;('iillt'iiuiM',s lioiisc, where a most snin|)tii()u,s diniK r wan 
served, and hesiihs his a(('()in|>lished hidy and h)vely 
«hiuf;hters, J here were s(>veral ladies of distinction and of 
title, seated, to conijjlete the ht)nours that were to he [taid to 
i\\v Indians, 

It was a niatter of <:;reat snr|)ris(» to all the fashionaMe 
guests who wete |)resent. that those rude ])eo])le from the 
wilderness, used to take their meals from the f»round, were 
so ])(>rfectly composed ami so nuich at ease at the table, 
and manai;ed so wi'l' with the knife and fork, and even sp 
gracefully smiled over their glasses of wine when a lady or 
a gentlenum |)r()])osed the health of any one. .lust liiibro 
we had finished our dessi'rt. a numher of fashionable 
ladies, the Countess of L — — , the l^iron and Baroness de 

(i , and seviral others who had begtni to assemble ft)r 

the evening soir«''e, arrivi'd, and were ushered into the din- 
ing room, where they had the curiosity of seeing the Indians 
as they w( re seated in all their trinkets and ranged around 
the tabic ; and from the lips of all esca])ed the instant ex- 
clamations of. *' niess me I what a fine and noble-looking 
set of men they a-e ! 1K)W much at ease they seem! Why. 
those are ])olished gentlemen," &c. &c. 

I'rom the dinner table they were invited to the salon, 
Avhere a large l)arty had gathered, who were delighted with 
the wild and incturescjue aj>])earanceof the " Peaux Rouges." 

'I'he Indians saw some fine dancing and waltzing, and 
heard some splendid ]»laying on the ])iano, and singing. 

The Doctor's complete fascination by the playing and 
singing of a beautifxil young lady was so cons])icuous as to 
become the j)rinci])al event of the evening, and after he had 
sto(Kl and smiled ujxm her in profound admiration during 
her fourth or fifth song, lie amftscd many of the ])iirty, and 
sliockiuf others, by the extraordinary and unexpected, though 
j)erfectly just remark, that " her voice was as soft and sweet 
as that of a wolf! " 

This startling com])liment I must leave for the estimates 


I'd iln'in ti> 
1 (li)uu r W118 
and lovi'ly 
■iion and of 
o Ih' l»ivi<l to 

> riiHhioniil)U' 
|(U- IVom the 
;r()UM(l, wcro 
it tlif tiil)U', 

and I'ViMi so 

len a lady or 

.luKt hvi'ovii 

' i'asluonal)le 

BavoncsH do 
) assi'niMo lor 

into ihv din- 
ig the Indians 
•an^od avonnd 
ho instant v\- 

nobU" -looking; 
Y seem 1 Why. 

to the salon, 
Ailif^htcd with 
caux llougos." 
waltzing, and 
d sinking, 
e phiying and 
is])icuous as to 
,d after he had 
niration during 

the i)arty, and 
lipcc-ted, though 
soft and sweet 

)V the estimates 


of the world, mentioning only flic l\v(.- fads, (liat tlie Doctor's 
tofnn (or arms) is the wolf; and that in my travels in flie 
]»rairies of America I have often thought that the soft, and 
jdaintive, and silvery font sol" the howling |»rairie wolfoftiii- 
tinieH surpassed in sweetness the powers of the hunnin voice. 

M. Vattemare, in his kind endeavours to promot** the 
interest of tln^ Indians, and that of myself, had ohtained an 
invitation from the Members of the Iloyal Academy of 
Sciences for the Indians to visit them at one of their sittings, 
which was a great honour; hut the ]ioor Indians left Paris 
without ever having been able to learn how or in what way 
that honour arrived. Messrs. Melody and Vattemare and 
myself accom])anied the whole party to their rooms, and, 
being ushered and scpieezed and pushed into a dense crowd 
of gentlenu'n, all standing, and where the Indians were nf)t 
even offered a seat, they were gazed and scowled at. their 
heads and arms felt, tlunr looks and ca|)acities criticised 
like those of wild beasts, without bi'ing asked a (|uestion, or 
thanked for the kindness of coming, and where they were 
offered not even a glass of cold water. The Indians and 
ourselves were thus eyed and elbowed about in this crowd 
for half an hour, from which we were all glad to esca])e, 
deciding that it was entirely too scientific for us, and a style 
of politeness that we were not perha[)S sulliciently acciuainted 
with duly to a])preciate. 

The various conjectures about the (dyects of this visit 
were raised after we got lunnc, and they were as curious as 
they were numerous. 'I'hc Indians had reflected ujjon it with 
evident surprise, and repeatedly inquired of M. Vattemare 
and myself for what purpose we had taken them there. 
M. Vattemare told them that these were the greatest 
scientific men of the kingdom. This they did not under- 
stand, and he then, to explain, said they were the great 
medicine men, the learned doctors, «Scc. They then took 
the hint a little bettor, and ''ccided alarm with it, for they 
said they recollected to have seen in some of their faces, 
while examining their h' ads and arms, decided expressions 










ot'anxiflv to dissi'ct ilu'ir limbs aiul boiu's, which thry now 
frit (luito surf would ho the casi" if any of thorn shouhl ilio 
whilo in Paris. 'I'ho War chief, who sohloni had much to say 
whilo spoalvin^ of tho ovontH of the day, vory gravely 
olworvod on this occasion, that "ho had hoon docidodly ilis- 
]»loastMl. and tho chiof also, hut it wouM ho host to say no 
uuu'o aliout it, thoujrh if any »»f tho party |jjot sick, to tako 
l^roat caro what ])hysicians woro called to visit thorn." 

M. Vattoniaro. in his kind intorost for all parties, hero 
exerted his iulluonco to a little further decree, and per- 
suaded tho Indians to believe that those distin«;uishod num, 
tho great ])hiloso])her M. Arago and others, who woro f)re- 
sent. would bo their warmest friends, but that with those 
transcendontly groat and wise men, their minds and all 
their tiujo were so engrossed with their profouiul studies, 
that th"y liad no tinu' or desire to practise ])olitenos8; that 
they were tiio eyes which the ])ublic used, to look deep into 
and through all things strange or new that came to Paris ; 
and that tho public wore after that, ])olite and civil, in ])ro- 
portion as those learned men should decide that they ought 
or ought not to be. 

Jim here took a whiff or two on his pipe, and, turning 
over on his back and drawing uj) his knees and clasjjing his 
hands across his stomach (Plate No. 17), said — 

*' Wo know vory well that the Kiiiff and tho Quoon and all tlio royal 
family are i)lcasod with us, and arc onr friends, and if tliat is not onoufjii to 
niako us respected wo had bettor iro home. We believe that tho King is 
a much p:reater man, and a much bt-lter man, than any of tliose wo saw 
there, and better than the whole of them put together. Wo know that 
there are many kind people in this great city who will be glad to shako 
our hands in friendship, and there are others who would like to get our 
skins, and we think that we saw some such there to-day. Wo met somo 
kind peojjlo yesterday, where we wont to dine — we love those pooj)lo and 
do not fear them. If wo should get sick they would bo kind to us, and mc 
think much more of that kind lady and gentleman than wo do of all the 
great doctors we have seen this day— wo hope not to see them any more. 
This is the wish of the chiefs, and of our wives and little children, who are 
all alarmed about them." 

This finished the conversation for the present about the 

'.I I 

eh thry now 

J shotiM «lio 

m\uli tt) siiy 

iM-y f^rsivfly 

fciilodly ili*<- 

u'st to siiy no 

ilk, to take 

iht lu." 

piirtii's, lure 

fi'. and |)or- 

uisIumI men, 

vho wcro j)ie- 

lat with those 

jinds and all 

loiind studies. 

litcnoss; that 

ook deep into 

•anie to Paris ; 

1 civil, in ])ro- 

lat they ouj^ht 

?, and, turning 
nd clasping his 

and all tlic royal 
lat is not enoufrli to 
vc that tho King is 
ly of those wo saw 
r. Wo know that 
1 be glad to shako 
uld like to get our 
lay. Wc met somo 
Hi those people and 
1 kind to us, and wc 
ui wc do of all the 
sec them any nioro. 
le children, who arc 

cscnt about tho 

K''- ,•.-: 



"1 VV. 

- ; 



I -. 

1 t'Jl 

m. Ill'; I 

■ J: 



learned society, though the impression was one of a most 
unfavourable kind on their minds, and was a long time in 
wearing away. 

The time had at length arrived for the opening of my 
collection and the commencement of the illustrations of the 
Indians. It had been for some days announced, and the hour 
had approached. The visitors were admitted into the rooms 
where my numerous collection of 600 paintings and some 
thousands of articles of Indian manufactures were subjects of 
new and curious interest to examine until the audience were 
mostly assembled, when, at a signal, the Indians all entered 
the room from an adjoining apartment, advancing to and 
mounting the platform, in Indian file, in full dress and paint, 
and armed and equipped as if for a battle-field. They 
sounded the war-whoop as they came in, and nothing could 
exceed the thrill of excitement that ran through the crowd in 
every part of the Hall. There was a rush to see who should 
get nearest to tho platform, and be enabled most closely 
to scan "/es Sauvages horribles^ " Ics Peaiix Rouges,'" on " les 
nouvelles Diables a Parish 

The chief led the party as they entered the room, and, 
having ascended the platform, erected the flag of his tribe in 
the centre, and in a moment the party were all seated 
around it, and lighting their pipe to take a smoke, whilst I 
was introducing them and their wives to the audienco. This 
having been done in as brief a time as possible, they finished 
their pipe and commenced their amusements in Paris by 
giving the discovery-dance. This curious mode forms a 
part and the commencement of the war-dance, and is gene- 
rally led off by one of the War- chiefs, who dances forward 
alone, pretending to be skulking and hunting for the track 
of his enemy, and when he discovers it he beckons on his 
Avarriors, who steal into the dance behind him, and follow 
him up as he advances, and pretends at length to discover 
the enemy in the distance, ordering all to be ready for the 








The Doctor was the one who opened the bal on this 
occasion, and it was a proud and important moment for him : 
not that the fate of nations unbcn, or the success of their 
enterprise, depended upon the event, but what to him was 
perhaps as high an incentive — that his standing with the 
ladies of Paris would probably be regulated for the whole 
time they should be there by the sensation he should make 
at the first :Iash. He therefore put on his most confident 
smile as he went into the dance : as he tilted about and 
pointed out the track where his enemy had gone, he made 
signs that the enemy had passed by, and then, beckoning up 
his warriors, pointed him out amongst a group of beautiful 
ladies who had taken an elevated and conspicuous position 
in front. lie sounded the war-whoop, and all echoed it as 
he pointed towards the ladies, who screamed, and leapt from 
their seats, as the Indians' weapons were drawn ! Here was an 
excitement begun, and the old Doctor smiled as he turned 
his head and his weapons in other directions, and proceeded 
with the dance. At the end of its first part their feet all 
came to a simultaneous stop, when the Doctor advanced 
to the front of the platform, and, brandishing his spear over 
the heads of the audience, made the most tremendous boast 
of the manner in which he took a prisoner in a battle with 
the Pawnees, and drove him home before his horse rather 
than take his life : he then plunged into the most agitated 
dance alone, and acting out the whole features of his battle in 
time to the song and beating of the drum ; and at the close, 
rounds of applause awaited him in every ])art of the crowd. 
7'hese the Doctor received with so complaisant a smile of satis- 
faction, as he bowed his head gracefully inclined on one side, 
that another and another burst of applause, and another 
bow and smile, followed ; satisfying him that the path was 
cleared before him. lie then shook his rattle of deer's 
hoofs, and, summoning his warriors, they all united in finish- 
ing with full and wild effect this spirited dance. Though 
in the midst of a dancing country, their mode of dancing 


c hal on this 
mcnt for hiin : 
ucccss of their 
lat to him was 
ding with the 

for the whole 
D should make 
most confident 
Ited about and 

gone, he made 
I, beckoning up 
up of beautiful 
licuous position 
all echoed it as 
, and leapt from 
1 ! Here was an 
ed as he turned 
and proceeded 
,rt their feet all 
Doctor advanced 
ig his spear over 
Tcmendous boast 

in a battle with 
his horse rather 
:he most agitated 
es of his battle in 

and at the close, 
)art of the crowd, 
nt a smile of satis- 
lined on one side, 
luse, and another 
hat the path was 
s rattle of deer's 
11 united in finish- 
l dance. Though 

mode of dancing 



was quite new, and was evidently calculated to amuse, from 
the immense applause that was given them at the end of 
their first effort. 

The dancers had now all taken their seats, except the 
Doctor, who was lingering on his feet, and had passed his 
spear into his left hand, evidently preparing to push his ad- 
vantage a little further with the ladies, by making a speech, 
as soon as silence should be sufficiently restored to enable 
him to be heard. This little delay might or might not 
have been a fortunate occurrence for the Doctor, for it 
afforded Jim an opportunity to remind him how much he 
had lost by his last two or three speeches, which so com- 
pletely put him out, that he sat down, apparently well 
pleased and satisfied with what he had already accomplished. 

My kind friend M. Vattemare, who had now become 
a great favourite of the Indians, went forward, and 
offered them his hand to encourage them, assuring them of 
the great pleasure the audience were taking, and encou- 
raging them to go on with all the spirit they could, as there 
were some of the most distinguished people of Paris 
present — the Minister of the Interior and his lady, the 
Prefet de Police, several foreign ambassadors, and a num- 
ber of the editors of the leading journals, who were taking 
notes, and would speak about them in the papers the next 


The eagle-dance was now announced to the audience as 
the next amusement ; and after a brief description of it, 
the Little Wolf sprang upon his feet, and sounding his 
eagle whistle, and shaking the eagle's tail in his left 
hand, while he brandished his tomahawk in his right, 
he commenced. His fellow-warriors were soon engaged 
with him, and all excited to the determination to make 
"a hit." As after the first, they were complimented by 
rounds of applause, and sat down to their pipe with peculiar 
satisfaction. The War-chief took the first few whiffs upon 
it, and, rising, advanced to the front of the platform, and in 
the most dignified and graceful attitude that the orator 

'' ;• 5';= 



if . 






could ashumc, extended his right hand over the heads of- the 
aiidienc'f, and said — 

" My Frioi ' - — It gives us great pleasure to sec so many pleasant faces 
before us to-night, and to learn from your applause that you are anmsed 
with our dances. We cir.j but children ; we live in the woods, and are igno- 
rant, and you see us,liere as the Great Spirit made us; and our dances arc 
not like the dances of the French j)eop!e, whom we have been told dance 
the- best of any people in the world. (' Hon", how, howP and immense 

" My Friends, — We come here not to teach you to dance— (a roar of 
applause and laughter) — we come here not to teach you anything, for you 
are a great deal wiser than we, but to show you how we red people look 
and act in the wilderness, and wo shall be glad some nights to go and sec 
how the French people dance. (Great applause and ' How, how, how!') 

" My Friends, — We arc happy that the Great Spirit has kept us alive 
and well, and that we have been allowed to see the face of our Great 
Father your King. We saw him and your good Queen, and the little boy 
who will be king, and they all treated us with kind hearts, and we feel 
thankful for it. (' Hotv, hoiv, how!') 

" My Friends, — We have crossed two oceans to come here, and we 
have seen no village so beautiful as Pjins. London, where the Saganoshes 
live, is a large village, but their wigwams are not so beautiful as those in 
Paris, and in their streets there are too many people who seem to be very 
poor and hungry. (' How, how, how!) 

" My Friends, — I have no more to say at present, only, that, when my 
young men have finished their dances, we shall be glad to shake hands witli 
you ail, if you desire it." (^'How, how, hoiv !") 

The old man resumed his seat and his pipe amidst a din 
of applause ; and at this moment several trinkets and pieces 
of money were tossed upon the platform from various parts 
of the room. 

After the eagle-dance they strung their bows, and, sling- 
ing their quivers upon their backs, commenced shooting at 
the target for prizes. The hall in vhich their dances were 
given was so immensely large that they had a range of 
150 feet to throw their arrows at their targets, which 
formed by no means the least amusing and exciting part of 
their exhibitions. Their ball-sticks were also taken in 
hand, and the ball, and their mode of catching and throwing 
it, beautifully illustrated. After this, and another dance, 
a general shake of the haiids took place, and a promenade 

ic heads of- the 

laiiy pleasant faces 
at you arc amused 
oods, and arc igno- 
nd our dances are 
c been told dance 
owP and immense 

dance— (a roar of 
anything, for you 
e red people look 
phts to go and see 
How, how, how!') 
t has kept us alive 
I face of our Great 
I, and the little boy 
learts, and we fcol 

come here, and we 
lere the Saganoshes 
>eautiful as those in 
k'ho seem to be very 

only, that, when my 
, to shake hands witii 

ipe amidst a din 
inkets and pieces 
)m various parts 

bows, and, shng- 
mced shooting at 
heir dances were 

had a range of 
' targets, which 

exciting part of 
re also taken in 
ing and throwing 
I another dance, 
md a promenade 



of the Indians through the vasts])aec oceu])ied hy ni) collec- 
tion. They retired from the rooms and the crowd in fine 
glee, having made their dvhiit in Paris, about which they had 
had great anxiety, somebody having told them that the 
French peo])lc would not be ])leased with their dancing, as 
they danced so well themselves. 

The Indians being gone, / became the lion, and was asketl 
for in every i)art of the rooms. The visitors were now ex- 
amining my numerous works, and all wanted to see me. My 
friend M. Vattemare was by my side, and kindly ])re- 
sented me to mam; gentlemen of the press, and others of 
his acquaintance, in the rooms. Tlicrc were so many who 
said they were waiting " for the honour," &c., that I was 
kept until a very late hour before I could leave the room. 

There were a number of fellow -artists present, who took 
pleasure in complimenting me for the manner in which my 
paintings were executed; and many others for my persever- 
ance and philanthropy in having laboured thus to pre- 
serve the memorials of these dying people. 1 was compli- 
mented on all sides, and bowed, and was bowed tt), and 
invited by cards and addresses left for me. So / went 
home, as well as the Indians, elated with the pleasing con- 
viction that mine v: ..;' a " hit," as well as t/icirs. 

The leading journals of the next day were liberal in their 
comments upon the Indians and my collection, pronouncing 
my labours of great interest and value, and the exhibition 
altogether one of the most extraordinary interest ever 
opened in Paris, and advising all the world to sec it.* 
Thus were we starter- in the way of business after the first 
night's exhibition, and that after remaining there just one 
month before we could meet and pass all the necessary 
forms and get quite ready. 

* See critical notices of the French Press, Appendix to vol. i. p. 239. 


■ ■* ■■■)i 


( -232 ) 



Indians at Madame Greene's party — Their ideas of waltzing — The Doctor's 
admiration of the joung ladies — The King's fete, first of May — Indians 
in the Pulaee— Royal Family in the balcony — Grand and sublime scene 
on the river — Indians in a crowd of nobility in the Due d'Aumale's apart- 
ments — Messenger to Indians' apartments with gold and silver medals — 
Medals to the women and children — Consequent difficulties — Visit to 
the Hospital of Invalids — Place Concorde — Colunm of Luxor — The 
fountains — Visit to the Triumphal Arch — Jim's description of an ugly 
woman — ^Victor Hugo — Madame Georges Sands — Indians visit the 
Louvre — M. de Cailleux — Uaron de Humboldt — Illness of the wife of 
Little Wolf — A phrenologist visits the Indians — The phrenologist's head 
cxannned— Two Catholic priests visit the Indians — Indians visit the 
(iarden of Plants — Alarm of the birds and animals — The " poor prisoner 
buffalo'' — Visit to the Salle mix Vins — Astonishment of the Indians — 
The war-whoop — Cliichabobboo — Cafes explained — Indians visit Phe 
la Chaise — A great funeral — A speech over the grave — Hired mourners 
— Visit the School of Medicine — and '■'■ Dupnytrcn' s Room" — Excitement 
of the Doctor — Visit to the Foundling Hospital — Astonishment and 
pity of the Indians — Entries in Jim's note-book, and Doctor's remarks — 
Visit the Guillotine — Indians' ideas of hanging in England, and he- 
heading in France — Curious debate — Visit to the Dog Market — Jim's 
purchase and difficulty — The Dog Hospital — Alarm of the " petites 
malades" — Retreat — Bohnsheela arrives from London — Great rejoicing 
— Jim"s comments on the Frenchwomen — The little foundlings and the 
little dogs. 

Having thus commenced upon our operations in the Salle 
Valentino, it was thought best to change the lodgings of the 
Indians to some point more near to the place of their exhi- 
bitions, and rooms were at length procured for them in the 
same building with their hall, and communicating with it. 
To these apartments they were removed, and arrangements 
were made for two open carriages to drive them an hour 
each day for their recreation and amusement. By this 
arrangement we had the sights of Paris before us, and easily 



-The " poor prisoner 

within our reach, to be visited at our leisure. Our exhibi- 
tions were given each night from eight to ten, and each 
afternoon from one to three o'clock ; so that they had the 
mornings for sight-seeing, and their evenings, from ten to 
twelve, to visit the theatres or parties, whenever they were 
invited and felt disposed to attend. 

The first evening-party they were invited to attend in 
Paris was that of the lady of Mr. Greene, the American 
banker. They were there ushered into a brilliant blaze of 
lamps, of beauty, and fashion, composed chiefly of Americans, 
to whom they felt the peculiar attachment of countrymen, 
though of a different complexion, and anywhere else than 
across the Atlantic would have been strangers to. 

They were received with great kindness by this polite and 
excellent lady and her daughters, and made many pleasing 
acquaintances in her house. The old Doctor had luckily 
dressed out his head with his red crest, and left at home 
his huge head-dress of horns and eagles' (juills, which would 
have been exceedingly unhandy in a ^■qucczc, and subjected 
him to curious remarks amongst the indies. He had loaded 
on all his wampum and other ornaments, and smiled away 
the hours in perfect happiness, as he was fanning himself 
with the tail of a war-eagle, and bowing his head to the 
young and beautiful ladies who were helping him to lemon- 
ade and hlanc-mange, and to the young n)en who were in- 
viting him to the table to take an occasional glass of the 
" Queen s chichahobhoo.^' Their heavy buffalo robes were 
distressing to them (said the Doctor) in the great heat of 
the rooms, " but then, as the ladies were afraid of getting 
paint on their dresses, they did not squeeze so hard against 
us as they did against the other people in the room, so we 
did not get so hot as we might have been." 

It amused the Doctor and Jim very much to sec the 
gentlemen take the ladies by the waist when they were 
dancing with them, probably never having seen waltzing 
before. They were pleased also, as the Doctor said, with 
" the manner in which the ladies showed their beautiful 



white necks and arms, but they saw several that they 
thought had better been covered." " The many nice and 
sweet and frothy little things that the ladies gave them in 
tea-saucers to eat, with little spoons, were too sweet, and 
they did not like them much ; and in coming away they 
were sorry they could not find the good lady to thank her, 
the crowd was so great ; but the ckichahohhoo (champagne), 
which was very good, was close to the door, and a young 
man with yellow hair and moustaches kept pouring it out 
until they were afraid, if they drank any more, some of the 
\ r fellows who were dancing so hard would get nor 

The scene they witnessed that night was truly very 
brilliant, and afforded them theme for a number of pipes of 
gossip after they got home. 

It has been said, and very correctly, that there is no end 
to the amusements of Paris, and to the Indians, to whose 
sight every thing was new and curious, the term, no doubt, 
more aptly applied than to the rest of the world. Of those 
never-ending sights there was one now at hand which was 
promising them and "all the world" a fund of amusement, 
and the poor fellows were impatient for its arrival. This 
splendid and all-exciting affair was the King's fete on the 
1st of May, his birthday as some style it, though it is not 
exactly such, it is the day fixed upon as the annual cele- 
bration of his birth. This was, of course, a holiday to the 
Indians, as well as for everybody else, and I resolved to 
spend the greater part of it with them. 

Through the aid of some friends I had procured an 
order to admit the party of Indians into the apart- 
ments of the Duke d'Aumale in the Tuileries, to witness 
the grand concert in front of the Palace, and to see the 
magnificent fireworks r,nd illumination on the Seine at 
night. We had the best possible position assigned us in 
the wing of the Palace, overlooking the river in both 
directions, up and down, bringing all the bridges of the 
Seine, the Deputies, and Invalides, and other public build- 
ings, which were illuminated, directly under our eyes. 



oral that they 

many nice and 

18 gave them in 

too sweet, and 
ling away they 
[y to thank her, 
<o (champagne), 
r, and a young 

pouring it out 
)re, some of the 
1 get noi 
,vas truly very 
nber of pipes of 

there is no end 
dians, to whoso 
term, no doubt, 
^orld. Of those 
band which was 

of amusement, 
5 arrival. This 
ing's fete on the 
though it is not 
he annual cele- 
holiday to the 
I I resolved to 

,d procured an 
nto the apart- 
eries, to witness 
and to see the 
I the Seine at 
assigned us in 
river in both 
: bridges of the 
er public builcl- 
ider our eyes. 

During the day, Mr. Melody, and .TefTrey, and Daniel had 
taken, as they calk-d it, "a grand drive," to inspe t the 
various places of amusement, and the immense con^ of 
people assembled in them. Of these, the FJarrii ^s, the 
Champs Klysees, &c., they were obliged to take but a passing 
glance, for to have undertaken to stop and to mix with the 
dense crowds assembled in them would have been dangerous, 
even to their lives, from the masses of people who would 
have crowded upon them. The Indians themselves were 
very sagacious on this point, and always judiciously kept at 
a reasonable distance on such occasicms. It was amusement 
enough for them during the d) to ride rapidly about and 
through the streets, anticiprting tie pleasure they were to 
have in the evening, and m. ng i distant view from their 
carriages, of the excitiui, on'dation of the 3fai/-polc, and a 
glance at the tops of the thousand booths, and "flying 
ships," and "merry-go- t«'':" of the Champs Elysees. 

At six o'clock we took our carriages and drove to the 
Tuileries, and, being condu-^ted to the splendid apart- 
ments of the Duke d'Aumale, who was then absent from 
Paris, we had there, from the windows looking down upon 
the Seine and over the Quartier St. Germain, and the 
windows in front, looking over the garden of the Tuileries 
and Place Concorde, the most general and com.i)rehcnsive 
view that was to be had from any point that could have 
been selected. Under our eyes in front, the immense area 
of the garden of the Tuileries was packed with human 
beings, forming but one black and dotted mass of some 
hundreds of thousands who were gathered to listen to the 
magnificent orchestra of music, and to see and salute with 
" Vive Ic Eoi !" " Vive la Heine 1" and " Vive le Comte de 
Paris !" the Royal Family as they appeared in the balcony. 
Though it appeared as if every part of the gardens was 
filled, there was still a black and moving mass j)ouring 
through Rue Rivoli, Rue Castiglione, Rue Royale, and 
Place Concorde, all concentrating in the garden of the 
Tuileries. This countless mass of human beings continued 




to gather until the hour when their Majesties entered 
the balcony, and then, all hats off, there was a bhout 
as vast and incomputable as the mass itself of " Vive le 
Hoi! — Vive le I'oi ! — Vive la IJeine ! — Vive le Coiatc de 
Paris !" The King then, with his chapeau in his hand, 
bowed to the audience in various directions ; so did her 
Majesty the Queen and the little Comtc de Paris. The 
band then struck up the national air, and played several 
pieces, while the Royal Family were seated in the balcony, 
and the last golden rays of the sun, that was going bohind 
the Arc de Triom])he, was shining in their faces. Their 
Majesties then retired as the twilight was commencing, and 
the vast crowd began to move in the direction of the Seine, 
the Terrace, and Place Concorde, to witness the grand scene 
of illumination and " feu d'artificc " that was preparing on 
the river. 

As the daylight disappeared, the artificial light commenced 
to display its various cliaracters, and the Indians began to 
wonder. This scene was to be entirely new to them, and 
the reader can imagine better than I can explain what was 
their astonishment when the King's signal rocket was fired 
from the Tuilerics, and in the next moment the whole river, 
as it were, in a blaze of liquid fire, and the heavens burst 
asunder with all their luminaries falling in a chaos of flames 
and sparkling fire to the earth ! The incessant roar and flash 
of cannons lining the shore of the river, and the explosion 
of rockets in the air, with the dense columns of white, and 
yellow, and blue, and blood-red smoke, that were rising 
from the bed of the river, and all reflected upon the surface 
of the water, heightened the grandeur of its effect, and 
helped to make it unlike anything on earth, save what we 
might imagine to transpire in and over the deep and yawn- 
ing crater of a huge volcano in the midst of its midnight 

This wonderful scene lasted for half an hour, and when 
the last flash died a vay, all eyes like our own seemed to 
turn away from the siiioking desolation that seemed to be 

sties cntiTt'd 

was a shout 

' of " Vive lo 

le Coiiitc do 

in his hand, 

; so did hi-r 

Paris. The 

laycd several 

I the balcony, 

goinfif behind 

faces. Their 

imencing, and 

of the Seine, 

lO grand scene 

preparing on 

ht commenced 
ians began to 
to them, and 
(lain what was 
ket was fired 
le whole river, 
leavens burst 
ihaos of flames 
roar and flash 
the explosion 
of white, and 
it were rising 
ion the surface 
ts eff'ect, and 
save what we 
2ep and yawn- 
its midnight 

lur, and when 

)wn seemed to 

seemed to be 



left below, and the dense mass was dividing and pouring 
olf in streams through the various streets and avenues, 
some seeking their homes with their little children, and 
hundreds of thousands of others, to revel away the night 
amidst the brilliant illuminations and innocent amusemciits 
of th' Champs Elys«''cs. 

We turned our eyes at that moment from the scene, and, 
in turning around, found ourselves blockaded by a j)halanx 
of officers in gold lace and cocked hats, and ladies, attaches 
of the royal household, Deputies, Peers of France, and other 
distinguished guests of the Royal Family, who had been 
viewing the scene from other windows of the Palace, and 
had now gathered in our rooms to look at "/w Peanx 
Rouges.'" My good friend M. \'attemare was ])resent on 
this occasion, and of great service to us all, as there were in 
this crowd the incumbents of several high offices under the 
Crown, and others of distinction with whom he was acquainted, 
and to whom he introduced us all, converting the rooms and 
the crowd ill a little time into a splendid soiree, where conver- 
sation and refreshments soon made all easy and quite happy. 

The servants of the Duke's household conducted us into 
the several apartments, explaining the paintings and other 
works of art, and also took us into the Duke's bedchamber, 
v.'here were the portraits of himself and the Duchess, and 
others of the Royal Family. There was, we learned, in another 
part of the Palace, a grand bal on that evening, and that 
accounted for the constant crowds of fashionable ladies and 
gentlemen who were pouring into our apartments, and who 
would have continued to do so in all probability for the 
greater part of the night had we not taken up the line of 
march, endeavouring to make our way to our carriages on 
our way home. This was for some time exceedingly difficult, 
as we had a succession of rooms and halls to pass through 
before we reached the top of the staircase, all of which were 
filled with a dense mass of ladies and gentlemen, who had 
got information that the loway Indians were in the Duke's 
apartments, and were then making their way there to get a 



\T « 






u > i 

poop nt thom. Wo crowtlcd and .s(|uoozc(l throup^h this 
mass as woU as we could, and wore all lauj^liin^ at Jim's 
romarks as wo ])assi'd aloiij^. llo thought the j)0()plo liad 
all loft tho Kint^ and Quoon to soo tho Indians. " Come soo 
Inj^ins' (said ho in l'Ji<;lish) "at Sallo Valentino — see em 
dance — bettor go l»ack, soo King-, sei' Queen — Ingins no 
good." Mr, Melody gave the ])oor fellow the first idea that 




dl I-' 

riis were tlirown away, as tnese ])eopic wereaii I'rei 
and did not understand lOnglish ; so Jim said, "I sposc em 
no buy Bibh; then.'" aiul began to whistle. We soon 
descended the grand escalier, and, taking our carriages, 
were in a few minutes entering the Indians' apartments in 
Salle Valentino. 

Jim got home a little provoked, as the Doctor was show- 
ing a very handsome eyeglass which had been presented to 
him : two or three of tho women had also received ])resciits 
in money and tri)»keis, but Jim's wife, as well as himself, 
was an)oiigst tho neglected or overlooked. He then took 
out of his pouch and throwing it down u])on the table one of 
his beautiful gdt bound little Bibles, and said, " Me no sell 
cm." " Did you try, Jim ?" " Yes, me try cm, but me no sell 
cm — folks call em Onglaisc. Onglaisc no good, I guess, I no 
sell em." Poor Jim! he looked quite chapfallen at the 
moment, and much more so when Daniel afterwards told 
him that he ought to have had an auction or other sale of 
his Bibles before he left England, for tho French didn't care 
much about Bibles, and if they did they wouldn't buy his, for 
they were in the English language, which they could not 
read. Jim's regrets were now very great, to think they had 
so little oversight as to come away without thinking to make 
some conversion of them into ready cash. Daniel told him, 
however, that hf^ thought there would be nothing lost on 
them, as they would sell bettor in America than they would 
have sold in England, ard he had better pack them away 
until they went home. 

The conversation running upon Bibles, Jim was asked, 
as there was some sym])athy expressed for him, how many 

hroufj^h thi« 

iiifjf 111 Jim's 

j)e()|)l(.» had 

" Come SCO 

Lino — see em 

-liif^iiis no 

ii'st idea that 

•e ail l''rencii, 

" I s]H)se em 

We soon 

uv carriaf^es, 

j)artmen.'s in 

or was show- 
presented to 
ived ])rcsciits 
U as himself, 
le then took 
i table one of 
" Me no sell 
but me no sell 
, I guess, I no 
fallen at the 
terwards told 
other sale of 
ich didn't care 
I't buy his, for 
icy could not 
hink they had 
iking to make 
niel told him, 
othing lost on 
an they would 
k them away 

im was asked, 
im, how many 



he and his wife had, to which he replied, " I no know — I 
guess a heaj)." It was in a lew moments aHcertaiiuul more 
correctly from his wife, who had the inunediate charge of 
them, that they had twenty-eight, and the account soon 
returned from the whole ])arty, that in aii they had received 
about I'iO since they arrived in England. 

They took their sujipers, which were ready when they 
got back, and their rkichahohboo (vin rouge) with their J'ipe, 
and engaged M. Vattemare for some time to explain the 
meaning of the many beautiful decorations they had seen 
worn ^"^ the breasts and shoulders of the ofllcers they had 
met in the palace. The explanations of these things j)leased 
them very much : as to the fireworks, they said that was such 
great medicine to them, that they did not care about talking 
on the subject until th(;y had taken more time to think. 

Just as M. Vattemare and I were about to leave the 
room, I found Jim and the Doctor interrogating Daniel 
about the " big guns that spoke so loud : they thought 
they must have very large mouths to speak so strong," and 
were anxious to see them. Daniel told them that those 
which made the loudest noise were at the IIos])ital of the 
Invalides, and it was then agreed that they should go there 
the next day to see them. 

Jim said they had all been delighted at what Daniel read 
in his paper about their going l)efore the King and Queen, 
and that he must be sure to bring the paper at an early 
hour the next morning, to let them hear what was said 
about the Indians being in the palace the second time, and 
in the rooms of the Duke, to see the fireworks. 

The rest of their evening was taken up in "thinking'' 
on what they had seen, and the next morning, as he had 
la'omised, Daniel came in with the paper and read a long 
account of the amusements of the day and evening, and also 
of the hundreds of thousands in the crowd who moved 
along in front of the Duke d'Aiimale's apartnu its to look 
at the Indians, in preference to look at the King and the 
Queen. It was decided (as he read) that the crowd was 

'■ ■ •"«—«• 

•r^ .-4; 



mu h more denne and remained at a much later hour in 
front of that wing of the palace than in front of the balcony, 
where the lloyal Family and the orchestra of music were. 
This pleased them all very much ; and after their breakfasts, 
while they were yet in this cheerful train of Icelings, the 
young man who had brought them the money from the King 
made his appearance, and 1 was instantly sent for. On 
arriving I was informed by him that he had come from his 
Majesty with the gold and silver medals, to be jjresented 
in his Majesty's name to each one individually. This an- 
nounced, the Indians of course put all other occupations 
aside, and, being all seated on the floor, at the request 
of the chief, the medals were called out by the inscriptions 
on them and presented accordingly. The first presented 
was a gold medal to White Cloud, the chief: the inscription 
on the back of it read thus : — 

" Donm' a Mu-Jm-she-haw, par Ic Roi : 1845." 

The next presented was to the War-chief — a gold medal 
of equal size, and inscription in the same form. Silver 
medals, of equal size with inscriptions, were then presented 
to all the warriors and women and children. This last part 
of the list, women and children, seemed to startle them a 
little. The idea of women and children receiving medals 
was entirely new to them, and put them quite at a stand. 
There was no alternative but to take them, and be thank- 
ful for them ; but it seemed curious enough to them — a 
subject not to be named, however, until the messenger had 
departed with their thanks to his Majesty for his kindness. 
This was done by the War-chief, and the gentleman de- 

The old Doctor and JFa-ton-i/c, the two unmarried men of 
the party, were the only ones who seemed to show anything 
like decided dissatisfaction in their faces, though Jim and 
Little Wolf were fumbling; theirs over in their fingers, evi- 
dently in a struggle of feeling whether to be dissatisfied or 
not. The Little Wolf was a warrior of decided note, who 

.1 ' 

! '■ 



I later hour in 

of the halcoiiy, 

of music were. 

their breakfasts, 

of Icelings, the 

y from the King 

f sent for. On 

I come from his 

to be j)resented 

ally. This an- 

hcr occupations 

at the request 

the inscriptions 

! first presented 

■ : the inscription 

i: 1845." 

[' — a gold medal 
ic form. Silver 
e then presented 
I. This last part 
) startle them a 
•eceiving medals 
juite at a stand. 
I, and be thank- 
3ue:h to them — a 
e messenger had 
for his kindness. 
e gentleman dc- 

mmarried men of 
to show anything 
though Jim and 
their fingers, evi- 
be dissatisfied or 
ecided note, who 

had taken several scalps, and his wife had never taken one, 
and yet her medal was equal to his own ; however, by tlic 
operation he had got two medals instead of one. Jim felt 
a little touched, and, though never having done much more 
in war than his squaw had, was preparing to make a great 
harangue on the occasion, and even roUed over on his back, 
and drew up his knees, for the ])urpose, but, taking the 
shining metal from his wife's hands, and placing it by the 
side of his own, he thought they would form a beautiful 
ornament, both hanging together, symbolic of an affectionate 
husband and wife, and he was silent. The jjoor old Doctor, 
though, who had taken one prisoner certain, and jw.sslbhj some 
scalps, and (as the old War-chief had one day told him) un- 
doubtedly " many lives," who could only dangle one medal 
(having no wife), and that one no better than those given 
to the women and children, lost all traces of the complaisant 
smiles that had shone on his face a little time before, and, 
rising suddenly up, and wrapping his robe around him, he 
found his way to the house-top, where he stood in silent gaze 
upon the chimneys and tiles, more suited to the medita- 
tions that were running through his troubled mind. Wa- 
ton-ya, in the mean time, with smothered feelings that no 
one ever heard vent given to, hung his with its tri- coloured 
ribbon upon a nail in the wall just over his head, and, draw- 
ing his buffalo robe quite over him, hid his face, and went 
to sleep. 

White Cloud and the War-chief sat during the while, 
with their families hanging about their shoulders and knees, 
well pleased, and smiling ujion the brightness of his Ma- 
jesty's familiar leatures in shining gold, as they turned their 
medals around in various lights. Theirs were of a more 
precious metal, and each, from the number of his family 
with him, became the owner of tJirce, instead of one, over 
which the poor Doctor was yet pond(M ing on the house-to]), 
as he stood looking off towards the mountains and prairies. 

When their carriages were at the door, to make their 
visit to the Hopital dcs Invalidcs, as j)romised the night 

VOL. II. R. 

^■ni, 4 

> ^ 

i i 





bol'ore. tlio Doctor was unwillino- \o brojik llu' cluinu ol" 
his 0()ntcMii])lations. ami JVa-tim-ije could not he waived, and 
the rest ilrove olf in good clu>er and delight. riiey liung 
their medals on their necks, sns])en(led by their tri-coloured 
ribbons, the meaning of which having been explained to 
them, and thev wi're soon at the months of the huge cannon, 
whoso "big mouths" had "spoken ho loudly" the night 

After taking a good look at them, and getting something 
of their curious history, they entered that won»lerful and most 
noble institution, an honour to the name of its founder and to 
the country that loves and upholds it, the Hospital of Invalids. 
Nothing on earth could have stnu'k these ])eo])le as more 
curious and interesting (^a race of warritu's themselves) than 
tliis institution, with its .'5(S()0 venerable inmates, the living 
victims of battles, wounded, (tippled, led, and clothed, and 
mail" happy, the living evidences of the hunum slaughter 
that must have taken jdaci in the scenes tlu-y had been 
throuiili, If this scene convinced tluMu of the destructive- 
neti' of civilized nu)des of warfare, it taught them an useful 
lesson of civilized synij)athy for those who arc the unfortu- 
nate victims of war and carnage. 

The moral that was drawn from this day's visit was an 
imj)<)rtant one to them, and 1 took the op])ortunity, and 
many others afterwards, to impress it u])on their minds. It 
pleased them to hear that these ohl veterans, with one leg 
and one arm, were the very men who were chosen to conic 
to the big guns, and fire them off, on the day of the King's 
fete — the same guns that they fought around, and over, when 
they were taking them from the eneniies. 

Returning from the " Inralidcs,'' our carriages were stopped 
in Place Concorde for a view of the beautiful fountains 
])laying, which j)leased and astonished them, as they do all 
foreigners who pass. The Egyptian obelisk ct)lumn of Luxor, 
of seventy-two feet, in one solid piece of granite, and brought 
from I'^gypt to Paris, was shown and ex])lained to thcni, 
and our carriage driven to the ground where the f/ni/fotinc 



llu' chanw oi' 
1)0 walvoil. and 
t. rUoy lumi:; 
oir tri colon vod 
n oxplainod to 
u* hnp;o i-annon, 
nUy" the night 

ttinir somcthinjjj 
lulovl'xil and most 
s founder and to 
■pital of Jiiralids. 
|)00])lo as more 
hcMnsolvos) than 
natos, the living 
md elothed, and 
nunan slaughter 
3 they had been 

the destructive- 
t them an usel'ul 

arc the unfortn- 

ly's visit was an 
o|)])ortunity, and 
1 their minds. It 
us, with one leg 
e chosen to conic 
ay of the King's 
1(1, and over, when 

ages were stopped 
autiful fountains 
.em, as they do all 
eolunvn of Luxor, 
Luite, and brouglit 
L])lained to them, 
here the f/nillvtiii< 


had stood on which the l)lo()d of Kings and Queens liad heen 
shed, and where the i'alher ol' liouis rhilii)|)e was beheaded. 
These extraordinary and almost incredible facts of history, 
and thai so recent, lilled their uiinils with ama/AMnent. and 
almost with incredulity. Our drive that day was c(»ntinued 
through the broad avenue of tlu> Champs l",lvs('i>s to the 
trtmuphiil arch at the Harriere d"l']toilo, ;ind our view from 
the to]) of it was one ol' the lin«'st they thought in th<' 
world. \\ I' were not cpnt(> as high as when we were on the 
tower of the ^'ork catluMlral. hut the scene around us was 
far nu)re pictures<jue ami enchanting. 

When we returned W(> found the old I')octor and ITn- 
titn-j/c. sealed upon their bulbdo rolies. and |)laying at cards, 
(piite in good humour, and their medals put away, us if 
nothing had hap])ened to ]>ut tluMu out. They were uim-h 
amused at the di-scriptions of what the others had seen, and 
j)arlicularly so at ,Iim's description of an ngly wonum he 
saw on top of the Arc de Trioniphe. and who followed him 
around, he said, and looked him in the face until he was 
i'rightened. I lore the Doctor, who had been out of humour, 
and wasdisposed to be u little severe on ,1 ini, replied that " it 
was laughablt! for sm h mi ill looking, big uiouiIumI IVUow 
as hiuj to he talking about any one's ill looks, and to be 
alarmed at any one's ugliness, looking out over siuh a set of 
features as \\v had on the lower ])art of his face." .Tim, 
however, having two medals, took hut little notice of the 
Doctor's severity, hut ]>roceeded to tell ahout the ugly 
woman he saw. lie said, " her eyes had all the time two 
white rings clear around them, and the end of her nose turn- 
ing u]), as if she had always siucIUmI sonu-thing bad, had 
pvdled her u])])er-lip up so high that she could not. shut her 
mouth or cover her teeth. She had two great rows of 
teeth, and there was black all between them, a-^ if a charge 
of gunpowder had gone off in her uKUith, and her skin was 
as whit,e as snow, excepting on hei' cheeks, and there it was 
• piite red, like a rose." 



n -2 


JIM AND rill', i;n(;i-isiiw()Mkn. 

'■Sto]), stoj), .)im," siiid I. "Id, tnc write llwil. down 
Ix'lorc von j;'o any Inrllicr " 

Hnf, this was all. lie said lu' conld nol. licar lo look at 
luT, and tlu'ri'lorc he did not cxaniinc Imt any rnrtluT. lit' 
also niailc sonu' Inn about two I'inj^lisli ladies, who wcrt; n]) 
t.luTi' when they were on the /\rc dc 'rrioniplu*. He said, 
"hi" had sat down hy the side ol" tlu' railinj;- witli his wilV', 
whcro lhrsi> ladies came to iheni. One ol'theni asked il" 
they could speak I'Jiolish, lo which lu' made no rejdy, hut 
sht)ok his hi-ad. Me said they had a t;rt'at many thin^-s to 
say ahout him. and one of them wanted to leel his face (his 
chin, he supposi'd ), to see il' he had any beard; and when 
she did not lind any, she said .something which he did not 
undcMstand, but lu' said it liikled them very much, and 
tlu'ii he said she ])ut her hand d! his shoulder, which was 
naked, and took hold ol' his ariu, and said several thini;s, 
about which they had a i^reat deal ol' lauoh, whiidi he un- 
derstood, and which lu* would not like to mention, I'or his 
wife did not understand them, and \\c did not wish her to 
know what they were hint^'hing- about." 

The hour havinj;" apnroached lor tlseir afternoon's t>xhibi- 
tion. the conversation was here broken oH'. I was, however, 
oblii''. I ; delay a few minutes I'or some account they wished 
me ill i.i' them of the <>-uillotine, which I had spoken of 
while in the Place Concorde. I brielly described it to them, 
and they all expressed a wish to <;() some day and see it, 
anil 1 promist'd to take them. 

'Vhv exhibition in the afternoon was attended by many 
more fashionable ladies and j.>;entlemen than that of theeven- 
incj ; and so numv carria«>^es driviui;' up to the door, in a ])lea- 
sant day, was always sure to ])ul the Doctor into the best of 
humour, and i;enerally, when he was in such a mood, there 
would be wit and drollery enouiih in him, and his n-ood 
friend .lim, to inlluenci' the whole g-rou]). 'I'ln'y wore 
usually in o'ood spirits, ami. when so, were sure to please; 
and thus were they on that, the first of their morning's 

r ?• 


it(> l.liiii down 

I'iir 1() look lit, 
»y rtiriluT. lie 
, wlio wore n]i 
)lu>. 1 !«' siiid, 
witli his will', 
(lu'in iiskcd il' 
no reply, luil, 
many (,liinj;s to 
c'l his laci' (his 
ard ; uid whon 
licli \\v did not 
very nnich. ami 
dcr, which was 
I scvoral tlnni;s, 
I, wliich he uii- 
incntion, I'or his 
not wish lu'r to 

It-rnoon's cxhihi- 

I was, howcviM', 

)unt tlu\y wished 

T had s])okcMi of 

•ribod it to thcni, 

day and see it, 

^tondcd hy many 
that of tlu'cvcn- 
10 door, in a ])loa- 
»r into the host of 
(•1\ a mood, thorc 
n, and his j^ood 
up. I'hoy wore 
•0 sure to j)k'aso ; 
thoir morning's 




ontortainmonts ; and it ha|)|)onc(lhickily, for wo had in th(' 
rooms some of th(! most fashionahh- and literary ])ors()na^es 
of Paris — amongst those, the famous writers, Mi-tor IIikJ"-, 
Mdddinc (irort/as Sdiii/s, and several others, to whom the 
Indians and mysidf wore personally introduced. 

The old Doctor was told hy M. Vattemaro, who was 
a^ain there, to do his best, and all did their ])arts admirably 
well, and much to the astonisliinent of the ladies, several of 
which old danu's I found had really supposed, nntil now, 
that th(; " .sv////v/r/r'.s' "' were little more than wild boosts. 
Aft(M'tho Indians had finished tlu^ir amusements and retired 
from tho rooms, / was lefl, /itui a^ain and " lord of all tho 
visitors were now surveyin;^." Then it was that ///// em- 
barrassment came, losini>' in a fj^reat measure the pleasure 
that I could have drawn fi'oin the society o!' such ])er.sons 
who camo to |)raiso, by not s|)eakinfjj the French lan<.;ua<j^e. 

I lowovor, I had <i;'onerally tho benefit of my friend M. 
Vattemarc; or others around me ready to help me through 
the dilliculty. It ^ave me daily pleasure to iind that my 
works were highly a])])laudo(l by the pres.s, as woli ;r by 
personal (ixpressions in tho room, and in all rli" gradi's ot 
society to which 1 was then beiii^ iiivited. 

Oursecond ovoniuii^ soon approached, and w fr-iind tin hall 
fashionably filled afj^ain.and of cours(^ tho In< -.ns, tiitm^h in 
a stran<i;o country, in o-ood spirits and <j:;ratifi( ;. as their very 
a])poaranco while entorint^ f' -• room <>()t thcij rounds of 
ap])lanso. After their exl ition was over in t'^ usual 
way I j;()t /«// aj)j)lai>e and . / our mutual efforts ^vjio daily 
and nightly made to instinct anfl aniuse tho Parisians, 
which 1 shall always ilatter inysolf wo did to a ('(jnsidorablo 

While our exhibitions wi re now ii; such a train, we wore 
studying- how to make the most valuable use of our extra 
tiino, by seeing the sights of Paris and its environs, 

I'he fAiurrc was one of the first objects of our attention ; 
and having ])rocured an order from the Director t(; visit it 




on ii |iriv;»fc (lay. wi' took an I'arlv lionr and ni.tilf «)ur t'niry 
into it.. Wo wtM'f rccfivod by tl\r Director with kindncHM, 
antl he oondnclod thi' party the whoU' way through the dii- 
foront o'alU'rit's. ]u)intini»' ont and (>\|)hiinin^' to thi'in and to 
us the k'adin<;- and most inti'restini>- thinj^i's in it. 

'I'iu' Dircitor, M. dc (^liUenx. iiad invited several of 
liis distingnished i'riends to meet him on the oceasion, and 
it was to tlieni. as well as to ns, interesting- to see the In- 
dians under sueh circn instances, where there was so much 
to attract their attent'on and calculated to surprise them. 
M. Vattennive was with us on this occasion, and ol" very 
^reat service in his introductions and interpretalions Cor 
us. Amonp;st the distini;'uished persons who were ]»re- 
sent, and to whom I was introduced on the occasion, was 
the Baron ''e Ihnuboldt. lie ac'O'npanied us (juite 
throu«;h the ro(>i" of \\\c, Jjouvre, and took a ^reat deal ol" 
interest in the Indians, haviny; seen and dealt with so many 
in the course of his travels. I had much conver.sation with 
him, anc in a few days after was honoured by him with a 
private visit to my rooms, when I took i^reat ])leasure in 
ex]>lainin<; the extent and objects of mv collection. 

riu' view of the J^ouvre was a great treat to the Indians, 
who had had but little op])ortunity before of seeiuf]^ works 
of art. In London we thought we had showed them all 
the sights, but had entirely forgotten the exhibitions of ])aint- 
ings; and I believe the poor fellows had been led to think, 
bel'ore they ^•ia^v the Louvre, that mine was the greatest 
collection of paintings in the world. "^I'hey had a great ddal 
of talk about it when they got home and had lit their ])ipe. 
The one great objection they raised to it was, that " it was 
too long — there were too n\any things to be seen ; so many 
that they said they had forgotten all the first before they got 
through, and they couldn't think of them again."" There 
was one ini])ression they got while there, however — that no 
length of room or number of ])ictures would easily eradi- 
cate from their memories, the inuueuse uuniber of i.uuks of 




<\\v our I'lilry 
itli kiixliu'ss. 

•ou^h the (lil- 

> ihi'in ami to 


(m1 s(ivtM'al ol' 
occasion, and 

() SCO tlu' In- 
^va8 so much 

>ir|)> ihcni. 

, and ol' vt'i'v 

rpiH'tations for 

■ho wfio ]H'i'- 

occasion, was 

lied us (juito 

a p;veat doal ol' 
t with so many 
ivcrsation with 

by him witli a 
'at pU'asure in 

to the Indians. 
)f socinfjf works 
owed them all 
bitionsof paint- 
'cn led to think, 
as the greatest 
I ad a great d(^al 
d lit their ])i]H'. 
as, that " it was 
: seen ; so many 

before they got 
again."' There 
)wever — that no 
ihl easily eradi- 
iber of i.iarks ol' 

bullets on the (••)bnnns of llic portico, and ev<Mi inside of the 
building, shot through the windows in llie tiuH' of the Uevo- 
lution of .Inly. This appalling scene was described to tlieni 
^JM the .s( ()t by M. Vatteniare, which opened their eyes to an 
hist(nical fact (piite new to them, and of which they soon 
taxed him and me for some further account. 

The ]»oor fellows at this time wei'c lieginning t(» sym- 
pathize wit!i the noble fellow the I,ittle Wolf, whose wife had 
been lor some Wi'cks growing ill, ami was now evidently de- 
clining with symptoms of cpiick consumption. The buoyant 
spirits of the good and gallant fellow seemed to be giving 
way to a])prehensions ; and although he joined in the 
amusements, \\v. si'cmed at times dejected and uidia]»|)y. 
'I'hero were days when her symptoms seemed alarming, and 
then she would rally and be in the room again in all the 
fmery of her dress and trinkets, but was evidently gradually 
losing strength and llesh, and decided hy her physiciari to 
be in a ra])id decline. She was about this time advised to 
keep to her cliand)er and away from the excitement of the 
(exhibition and sight seeing, in which the rest of the P'^i'^.y 
were daily engaged, 

Hy this time the loways had made so much noise in 
Paris that they were engaging the attentioi' of the scientific, 
thi^ religious, and the (ethnologic, as well as the mere; curioiis 
jiartof the w(n'ld, and daily and almost hourly applicati(ms 
were being nnide to Mr. Melody and myself for ])rivatc 
interviews with them for the above ])ur|)oses. \V(' were 
dis])()sed to afford every facility in our ])ower in such cases, 
but in all instances left the Indians to decide who tlu-y 
would and who they won Id not see. 

Amongst those ay)])licants there; was a phrenologist, who 
had be(m thrusting hin>self into their acf|uaintanc(! as much 
as possible in their exhibition rooms, and re])eute(lly s(»licit- 
ing ])ermission to go to tlueir private rooms to make some 
scicMitilic examinations and estimates of their heads, to 
which the Indians had objected, not nnderstanding the 
meaing or object of his designs. He had become very im- 





])()rtunat.c howover, and, haviiifr brought them a nuinhor of 
])rcs('nts at diHcrcnt times, it was agrc^ed at Mr. Mel >dy's 
su«raestion, one day, as the quickest way of getting rid of 
him. that he shouhl be a]k)wed to come up. We conversed 
with the Indians, and assured them that there was not the 
shiihtest chance of harni, or witchcraft, or anything of the 
kind about it, and they agreed to k't him come in. They 
had a hearty hiugh when he came in, at .Hm's wit, who said 
to liim, though in Indian hmguagethat he di(bi't understand, 
" If you will shut the door now, you will be the ugliest- 
looking nmn in the whole room." 'J'his was not, of course, 
translated to the ])hrenologist, who proceeded with his ex- 
aminations, and commenced on Jim's head first. Jim felt a 
little afraid, and considerably embarrassed also, being the 
first one called upon to undergo an operation which he 
knew so little about, or what was to br the result of. Stout, 
and warlike, and courageous as he was, he trembled at the 
thought of a thing that he could not yet in the least appre- 
ciate, and all were looking on and laughing at him for his 
embarrassment. The phrenologist proceeded, feeling for 
the bum])s around his head, and, stopping once in a 
while to make his mental deductions, would then run his 
fingers along again. Jims courage began to rally a little, 
seeing that there was to be nothing more than that sort of 
manipulation, and he relieved himself vastly by turning a 
little of his wit upon the operator, for a thing that looked 
to him so exceedingly ridiculous and absurd, by telling hiin 
" I don't think you'll find any in my head ; we Indians shave 
a great ])art of our hair off, and we keep so much oil in tlic 
rest of it, that they a\.. t live there: you will ttnd much 
more in white men's heads, who don't oil their hair." This 
set the whole ])arty and all of us in a roar, and Jim's head 
shook so as to embarrass the operator for a little time. 
When he got through, and entered his estimates in his book, 
Jim asked him " if he found atiy thing in his head ?" to which 
he re})lied in the afHrnmtiv(\ Placing his lingers on " sr/J- 
rstccriu" he said there was great fulness there. " \N ell," said 



n a nuinbor of 

, iMr. Mil jdy's 

{getting rid of 

Wo conversed 

re was not the 

inything of the 

lome in. They 

's wit, who said 

n't understand, 

)e the iigliest- 

s not, of course, 

ed with his cx- 

rst. Jim felt a 

also, being the 

at ion which he 

esult of. Stout, 

;rembled at the 

the least appre- 

r at him for his 

dcd, feeling for 

»ing once in a 

Id then run his 

to rally a little, 

han that sort of 

itly by turning a 

ing that looked 

1, by telling him 

we Indians shave 

I much oil in the 

I will (ind much 

cir hair." This 

and Jim's head 

)Y a little time. 

lates in his book, 

head ?" ro which 

lingers im " sc/f- 

?. "" U ell," said 

Jim," I'm much obliged to you : I'll set my wife to h)()k there 
by and by. And now,' said Jim, "take the old Doctor 
here : his head is full of em." By this time Jim's jokes had 
got us all into a roar of laughter, and the Doctor was in the 
chair, and .lim looking on to see what he could discover. 
White Cloud thought Jim had cracked his jokes long 
enough, and as they had all laughed at them, he considered 
it most respectful now to let the man go through with it. So 
he finished with the Doctor and then with White Cloud and 
the War-chief, and when he came to the women they posi- 
tivelv declined. 

Jim, having been rebuked for laughing too much, liad 
sto])ped suddenly, and, instantly resolving to try his jokes 
u]>on the poor man in another mood, assumed, as he easily 
could, the most treacherous and assassin look that the 
human face can ])ut on, and asked the j)hrenologist if he 
was done, to which he replied " Yes." " Now," said Jim, 
"we have all waited upon you and given you a fair chance, 
and I now want you to sit down a minute and let me exa- 
mine 1/oiu' head ;" at the same time drawinj^ his long scalp- 
ing knife out from his belt, and wiping its blade as he laid 
it in a chair by the side of him. The ])hrenologist, having 
instantly consented, and just taking ])ossession of the chair 
as he was drawing his knife out, could not well do otherwise 
than sit still for Jim's oi)erations, though he was evidently 
in a greater trepidation than he had put Jim into by the 
first experiment that was made. Jim took the re([uisite 
time in his manipulations to crack a few jokes more among 
his fellow Indians upon the quackery of his patient, and then 
to let him up, telling him, for the amusement of those around, 
that "his face looked very ])ale" (which by the way was 
the case), " and that he found his head very full of them." 

The phrenologist was a good-natured sort of man, and, 
only partially understanding their jokes, was delighted to get 
oif with what he had learned, without losing his scali)-lock, 
which it would stvm as if he had apprehended at one 
moment to have Vieen in some dan:;er. As he was leaving 



the room, Daniel came in, announcinfj^ that, there were two 
Catholic clergyiucn in the room below, where they had been 
waitinj;^ half an hour to have some talk with the Indians. 
" Let them up," says Jim ; " I will make a speech to them :" 
at which the old Doctor spranfj^ up. "There," said he, 
" there's my robe ; lay down (|uick." The Doctor's wit raised 
a great laugh, but, when a moment had blown it away, Mr. 
Melody asked the chief what was his wish, whether to see 
them or not. "Oh yes," said he (but rather painfully, and 
with a sigh) ; "yes, let them come in : we arc in a strange 
country, and we don't wish to make any enemies : let them 
come uj)." They were then conducted up and spent half 
an hour in pleasant conversation with the chiefs, without 
questioning them about their religion, or urging their own 
religion upon them. This pleased the Indians verv much, 
and, finding them such jdeasant and "ocial good-natured 
men, they felt almost reluctant to part company with them. 
Each of them left a handsome Bible as presents, and took 
affectionate leave. 

After they had left, the Indians had much talk about 
them, and were then led to think of " the good people," the 
Friends, they had seen so many of in England and Ireland, 
and asked me if they should find any of them in Paris, I 
told them I thought they would not, at which they were 
evidently very much disappointed. 

One of the next sight-seeing expeditions was to the 
Jardia dcs Plantes, to which our old friend M. Vattemare 
accompanied us. The animals here, from a difference of 
training, or other cause, were not quite so much alarmed as 
they were in the menagerie in London ; but when the 
doctor breathed out the silvery notes of his howling totem, 
the wolf at once answered him in a remote part of the garden. 
Jim imitated the wild goose, and was answered in an instant 
by a cackling flock of them. The panthers hissed, and the 
hyaenas were in great distress, and the monkeys also : the 
eagles chattered and bolted against the sides of their cages, 
and the parrots lost their voices by squalling, and many of 



JuTP were two 

tlu'y had hccn 

h the Indians. 

ecch to tlicm :" 

icre," «aid he, 

tor's wit raised 

n it away, Mr. 

whether to sec 

painCully, and 

re in a strange 

iTiies : let them 

and spent half 

chiefs, without 

ging their own 

ans verv much, 

1 gooci-naturcd 

)any with them. 

sents, and took 

null talk about 
)od people," the 
nd and Ireland, 
em in Paris, I 
vhich they were 

ons was to the 
1 M. Vattcmare 

a difference of 
nuch alarmed as 

but when the 
is howling totem, 
irt of the garden, 
red in an instant 
s hissed, and the 
onlvcys also : the 
es of their ^agcs, 
ing, and many of 

their feathers by fluttering, when the Itidians camo within 
their sight. They ])itied the ])()or old and jarhd bull'alo, as 
they did in London, he looki'd so br()l<en-8])irit('d and de- 
solate ; and also the deer and the elks ; but the bears they said 
didn't seem to care much about it. They were far more de- 
lighted with the skins of animals, re])tiles, and fishes in the 
m um of natural history ; and I must say that /was also, 
considering it the finest collection I ever have .seen. 

The garden of plants was amusement enough for an hour 
or fo, and then to the Jlalk mix Vins in the immediate 
neighbourhood. This grand magazine of chichahuhhoo has 
been described by many writers, and no doubt seen by many 
who read, but few have seen the expression of amazement 
upon the brows of a party of wild Indians from the fores*: of 
America, whi' j their eyes were running over the vast and 
almost boundless lines of 800,000 casks of wine under one 
roof, and heard the ])iercing war-whoop echoing and vibrat- 
ing through their long avenues, raised at the startling 
information that 20,000,000 of gallons of this are annually 
drawn out of this to be drunk in the city of Paris ; and few 
of those who heard it knew whether it was rai,sed to set the 
wine running, or as a note of exultation that they had found 
a greater fountain of cJdchahuhboo than the brewery they 
were in, in London, However true the latter was, the first 
was supposed to have been the design, and it must needs 
have its effect. A few bottles, in kindness and ho.^pitality 
cracked, cooled all parched and parching lips, and our faithful 
timepieces told us our engagement with the public was at 
hand, and we laid our course again for the Salle Valentino. 

" Oh ! what a glorious country," said Jim, as we were roll- 
ing along ; " there's nothing like that in London : the chick- 
abobhoo is better here, and there's more of it too." Poor 
ignorant fellow ! he was not aware that the brewery they saw 
in Lond(m was only one of some dozens, and <^hat the wine in 
all those casks they had just seen was not quite as delicious 
as that with which his lips had just been moistened. 

With their recollections dwelling on the scenes they had 


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witnessed in London, tlicy were naturally drawing coin] )ari- 
sons as they were wending their way back ; and they had in 
this mood taken it into their heads that there were no gin- 
shops in Paris, as they could see none, which was quite 
mysterious to them, until I ex])lained to them the nature 
of the cafes, the splendid open shops they were every mo- 
ment passing, glittering with gold and looking-glasses. 
They were surprised to learn that the delicious poison was 
dealt out in these neat " palaces," but which they had not 
known or 8us])ected the meaning of. They admitted their 
surjjrise, and at once decided that " they liked the free, and 
open, and elegant appearance of them much better than 
those in London, where they arc all shut up in front with 
great and gloomy doors, to prevent people from looking into 
them, as if they were ashamed." 

The cemetery of Perc la Chaise was next to be -icen as 
soon as there should be a fine day : that day arrived, and 
half an hour's drive landed us at its entrance. 

This wonderful place has been described by many travel- 
lers, and therefore needs but a passing notice here. This 
wilderness of tombs, of houses or boxes of the dead, thrown 
and jumbled together amidst its gloomy cypress groves and 
thickets, is perhaps one of the most extraordinary scenes of 
the kind in the world: beautiful in some respects, and 
absurd and ridiculous in others, it is still one of the wonders 
of Paris, and all who see the one must needs visit the other. 
The scene was one peculiarly calculated to excite and 
please the Indians. The wild and gloomy and almost end- 
less labyrinths of the little mansions of the dead were pleas- 
ing contrasts to their imprisonment within the dry and 
heated walls of the city j the varied and endless designs that 
recorded the j)laces and the deeds of the dead were themes 
of amusement to them, and the subject altogether one that 
filled their minds with awe, and with admiration of the 
people who treated their dead with so much respect. 

We wandered for an hour through its intricate mazes of 
cypress, examining the tombs of the rich and the j)oor so 



closely and curiously grouped together — a type, even in tie 
solitudes of death, of the great Babylon in which their days 
had been numbered and spent. Whilst we were strolling 
through the endless mazes of this sub-rosa city, wc met an 
immense concourse of people, evidently bearing the body of 
some distinguished person to the grave. The pompous dis- 
play of mourning feathers and fringes, &c., with hired 
mourners, was matter of some surprise to tht; Indians ; but 
when a friend of the deceased stepped forward to pronounce 
an eulogium on his character, recounting his many virtues 
and heroic deeds, it reminded the Indians forcibly of the 
custom of their own country, and they all said they liked to 
sec that. 

Wc took them to the patched and vandalized tomb of 
Abelard and Eloisa ; but as there was not time for so long a 
story, it lost its interest to them. They were evidently struck 
with amazement at the system and beauty of this ])lace, and 
from that moment decided that they liked the i'^rench for 
the care they took of their old soldiers and the dead. 

The poor fellows, the Indians, who were now proceeding 
daily and nightly with their exciting and "astonishing" ex- 
hibitions, were becoming so confounded and confused with 
the unaccountable sights and mysteries of Paris which they 
were daily visiting, that they began to believe there was no 
end to the curious and astonishing works of civilized man ; 
and, instead of being any longer startled with excitement and 
wonder, decided that it would be better to look at every- 
thing else as simple and easy to be made by those that know 
how, and therefore divested of all further curiosity. This 
they told me they had altogether resolved upon : " they had 
no doubt there were yet many strange things for them to see 
in Paris, and they would like to follow me to sec them all ; 
but they would look with their eyes only half open, and not 
trouble us with their surprise and their questions. 

With these views, and their eyes " half open, " then, they 
still took their daily drives, and Mr. Melody or myself, in 
constant company, stopping to show them, and to sec our- 

r ■- 

• ^- ■ 

, i • 




■•■. *l 








selves, what was yet new and wonderful to be seen. There 
was still much to be seen in Paris, and the poor Indians were 
a great way from a complete knowledge of all the tricks and 
arts of civilization. 

A drive to the School of Medicine and the Hopital des 
Enfans Trouvh was enough for one morning's recreation. 
The first, with "Dupuytrciis Room,"" was enough to open 
the old Doctor's eyes, and the latter, with its 6000 helpless 
and parentless infants added to it annually, sufficient to 
swell the orbs of Jim, and make him feel for his note- 
book. The School of Medicine, with Dupuytrcn's Room, 
forms one of the most surprising sights to be seen in Paris, 
and yet, save with the Doctor, there seemed to be but little 
interest excited by the sight. The Doctor's attitude was one 
of studied dignity and philosophic conceit as he stood before 
those wonderful preparations, not to be astonished, but to 
study as a critic, while he fanned himself with his eagle's tail. 
The expression of his face, which was the whole time un- 
changed, was one of a peculiar kind, and, as it was not 
sketched at the time, must be for ever lost. 

The novel and pitiful sight of the thousands of innocent 
little creatures in the Foundling Hospital seemed to open 
the " half-closed eyes" and the hearts of the Indians, not- 
withstanding the resolutions they had made. When it was 
explained to them how these little creatures came into the 
world, and then into this most noble institution, and also 
that in the last year there had been born in the city of 
Paris 26,000 children, 9000 of whom were illegitimate, their 
eyes were surely open to the astounding facts of the vices of 
civilized society, and of the virtue of civilized governments 
in building and maintaining such noble institutions for the 
support of the fatherless and helpless in infancy, as well as 
for the veterans who have been maimed in the fields of 
glorious battle. When I told them that, of those thousands 
of little playful children, not one knew any other parent 
than the Government, they groaned in sympathy for 
them, and seemed at a loss to abhor or applaud the most, 




the sins of man that brouf^ht them into the world, or 
the kind and j)arental care that was taken of them by the 
Government of the country. Jim made a sure demand upon 
Daniel's kindness for the entry of these important facts, 
which he soon had in round and conspicuous numbers in his 
note-book, to teach to the " cruel and relentless Indians.** 

The sentimentalism and sympathy of the poor old Doctor 
were touched almost to melancholy by this scene ; and in his 
lon<5 and serious cogitations on it he very gravely inquired 
why the thousands of women leading and petting little dogs 
in the streets could not be induced to discharge their dogs, 
and each one take a little child and be its mother ? He 
said, if he were to take a Frenchwoman for his wife, he 
would rather take her with a little child, even if it were her 
own, than take her with a little dog. 

The guillotine^ which happened to be in our way, and 
which they had been promised a sight of, they thought was 
more like a Mississippi saw-mill than anything else they had 
seen. It drew a murmur or two when explained to them 
how the victim was placed, and his head rolled off when the 
knife fell, but seemed to have little further effect upon 
them except when the actual number was mentioned to 
them whose heads arc there severed from their bodies 
annually, for their crimes committed in the streets and 
houses of Paris. Our stay before this awful and bloody 
machine was but short, and of course their remarks were 
few, until they got home, and their dinner was swallowed, 
and their chickabobboo, and, reclining on their buffalo robes, 
the pipe was passing around. 

Their conversation was then with Daniel, who had been but 
the day before to see the very same things, and they gained 
much further information than we did, which he communi- 
cated to them. He entered in Jim's book, as he had desired, 
the numbers of the illegitimates sind foundlings of Paris, which 
seemed to be a valuable addition to his estimates of the 
bles'^'ngs of civilization ; and also the number of annual 
victims whose heads roll from the side of the guillotine. 




1 :>■ • 






His book was then closed, and a curious discussion arose 
between the Indians and Daniel, whether the gallows, which 
they had seen in the ])risons in England and Ireland, was a 
])referable mode of execution to that of the guillotine, which 
they had just been to see. They had no doubt but both of 
them, or, at least, that one or the other of them was abso- 
lutely necessary in the civilized world ; but the question 
was, which was the best. Daniel contended that the pu- 
nishment which was most ignominious was best, and con- 
tended for the gallows, while the Indians thought the 
guillotine was the best. They thought that death was bad 
enough, without the Government trying to add to its pang 
by hanging people up by the neck with a rope, as the 
Indians hang dogs. From this grave subject, which they 
did not seem to settle, as there was no umpire, they got 
upon a somewhat parallel theme, and were quite as seriously 
engaged, when I was obliged to leave them, whether it 
would be preferable to be sicallowed whole by a whale, or to be 
chewed. Daniel was referring to Scripture for some authority 
on this subject, by looking into one of Jim's Bibles, when 
Mr. Melody and I were apprised of an appointment, which 
prevented us from ever hearing the result. 

The next promise we had to keep with them was the one 
that had been made to take them to sec the fountain of all 
the pretty and ugly little dogs and huge mastiffs they saw 
carried and led through the streets of Paris — the " Dog 

The Dog Hospital, being en route, was visited first ; and 
though one could scarcely imagine what there could be 
there that was amusing or droll, still the old Doctor in- 
sisted on it that it must be very interesting, and all resolved 
to go. It was even so, and on that particular occasion was 
rendered very amusing, when the Doctor entered, with Jim 
and the rest following. The squalling of " There ! there ! 
there !" by the frightened parrots in Cross's Zoological 
Gardens bore little comparison to the barking and yeliini,' 
of " les petits pauvres chiens," and the screams of the old 


I i 


IS discussion arose 
• the gallows, which 
and Ireland, was a 
he guillotine, which 
doubt but both of 
)f them was abso- 

but the question 
inded that the pu- 
was best, and con- 
Jians thought the 
hat death was bad 
; to add to its pang 
th a rope, as the 
ubjcct, which they 
o umpire, they got 
re quite as seriously 

them, whether it 
by a whale, or to be 
i for some authority 
Jim's Bibles, when 
ippointment, which 
L them was the one 

he fountain of all 
mastiffs they saw 

Paris — the *' Doff 

visited first ; and 
at there could be 
le old Doctor in- 
r, and all resolved 
ular occasion was 
entered, with Jim 
f " There ! there ! 
ross's Zoological 
rking and yellinjj: 
creams of the old 



ladies — " Ne Ics effraycz ])as, Messieurs, s'il vous ])lnit ! lis 
sont tons malades — tous malades : ])auvros betes! pauvres 
betes !" It was soon perceived that the nerves of the 
poor little " malades," as well as those of the old women 
their doctors, were too much affected to stand the shock, 
and it was thought best to withdraw. The old Doctor, 
getting just a glance at the sick-wanls, enough to convince 
him of the clean comforts these little patients had, and 
seeing that their physicians were females, and also that the 
wards were crowded with fashionable ladies lookinfr and 
inquiring after the health of their little pets, he was quite 
reluctant to leave the establishment without going fairly 
in and making his profession known, which he had thought 
would, at least, command him some respect amongst female 
physicians. He had some notion for this purj)ose of going in 
alone, but sarcastic Jim said the whole fright of the poor 
dogs had been produced by his appearance ; to which the 
Doctor replied that they only barked because Jim Avas 
coming behind him. However, our visit was necessarily 
thus short, and attention directed to the Doir Market, for 
which Jim was more eager, as he had a special object. This 
was a curiosity, to be sure, and well worth seeing ; there 
was every sort of whel]) and cur that could be found in 
Christendom, from the veriest minimum of dog to the stale- 
liest mastiflF and Newfoundland ; and, at Jim and the 
Doctor's ay)proach, hundreds of them barked and howled, 
many broke their strings, some laid upon their backs, and 
yelled (no doubt, if one could have understood their lan- 
guage) that they never saw before in their lives so ill- 
looking and frightful a couple, .and so alarming a set as 
those who were following behind them. Jim wanted to 
buy, and, the business-meaning of his face being discovered, 
there were all sorts of offers made him, and every kind of 
pup protruded into his face; bi t the barking of dogs was 
such that no one could be heard, and then m;iny a y)oor dog 
was knocked flat with a broom, or whatever was handiest, 
and others were choked, to stop their noise;. No one 

VOL. II. s 

1 1. .1 








wanted to stand the din of this canine IJedlani lonj^er than 
was necessary for Jim to make his choice, which the poor 
fellow was endi'avourin*^ to do with the greatest despatch 
possible. His mode was rather different from the ordinary 
mode of testing the qualities he was looking for, which was 
l)y feeling of the ribs ; and having bargained for <me that 
\u' thought would fit him, the lookers-on were somewhat 
amused at his choice. He made them understand by his 
signs that they wen going to eat it, when the j)oor woman 
screamed out, *' Diable ! mange pas 1 mange pas ! — venez, 
venez, ma pauvre bete !" 

The crowd by this time was becoming so dense that it 
was thought advisable to be on the move, and off. The 
Doctor became exceedingly merry at Jim's expense, as he 
had come away without getting a dog for their Dog Feast, 
of which they had been for some time speaking. 

On their return from this day's drive, they met, to their 
very great surj)rise, their old friend Dohaslicela, who had 
left his business and crossed the Channel to sec them once 
more before they should set sail for America. He said he 
could not keep away from them long at a time while they 
were in this country, because he loved them so much. They 
were all delighted to see him, and told him he was just in 
time to attend the Dog Feast, which they were going to 
have the next day. The Doctor told him of Jim's success 
in buying a dog, and poor Jim was tcazcd a great deal 
about his failure. Buhashccla told them all the news about 
England, and Jim and the Doctor had a long catalogue to 
give him of their visit to the King— of their medals— their 
visits to the great fountain of chickahohhoo and the 
Foundling Hospital, all of which he told him- he had got 
down in his book. All this delighted Bobashcela^ until they 
very imprudently told him that they liked Paris much better 
than London. They told him that the people in Paris did 
not teaze them so much about religion ; that there wcro 
fewer poor people in the streets ; and that as yet they had 
kept all their money, for they had seen nobody poor cnougli 




liedlam lon{;er than 
oicc, which the poor 
(> greatest despatch 
it from the ordinary 
)king for, which was 
rained for one that 
i-on wore somewhat 
I understand by his 
en the j)oor woman 
[nangc pas! — venez, 

ing so dense that it 
nove, and off. The 
im's expense, as he 
or their Dog Feast, 

•, they met, to their 

Dohashcela, who had 

el to see them once 

nerica. He said he 

t a time while they 

hem so much. They 

him he was just in 

they were going to 

lim of Jim's success 

teazed a great deal 

n all the news about 

a long catalogue to 

their medals — their 

ichahohhoo and the 

3ld him- he had got 

*obashccla, until they 

d Paris much better 

people in Paris did 

on ; that there were 

hat as yet they had 

nobody poor enough 





to give it to. Their chichahohhoo was very different, but 
it was about as good. The guiUotine they wore very well 
satisfied with, as they considered it much better to cut 
men's heads off than to hang them up, like dogs, by a rope 
around the neck. This, and koc])ing men in prison because 
they owe money, they considered were the two most cruel 
things they heard of amongst the llnglish. 

Bohashechi replied to them that he was delighted to hear 
of their success, and to learn that thi'y had seen the King, 
an honour he should himself have been very proud of He 
told them that he never had seen the King, but that, 
while travelling in Kentucky many years ago, he was close 
u])on the heels of the King, and so near him that he slept on 
the same (not bed, but) floor in a cabin where the King had 
slept, with his feet to the fire, but a short time before. This 
was something quite new to the Indians, and, like most of 
BohasheekCs stories of the Far West, pleased them ex- 

Jim, who was a mattcr-of-fuct man, more than one of fancy 
and imagination, rather sided with IJohashecld, and, turning 
to his round numbers last added to his book, of " 9000 ille- 
gitimate children born in Paris in the last year," asked his 
friend if he could read it, to which he replied '' Yes." 
'"Well," said Jim, in broad English, "aome Jish there, I 
guess, ha ? 1 no like cm Frenchwomen — I no like em : no 
good ! 1 no like em so many children, no fader !"' We 
all saw by Jim's eye, and by the agitation commencing, that 
he had some ideas that were coming out, and at the instant 
he was turning over on to his back, and drawing up his 
knees, and evidently keeping his eyes fixed on some object 
on the ceiling of the room, not to lose the chain of his 
thoughts, and he continued (noi in English, for he spoke more 
easily in his own language), " I do not like the French- 
women. I did not like them at first, when I saw them 
loading so many dogs. I thought then that they had more 
dogs than children, but I think otherwise now. We believe 
that those women, who we have seen leading their dogs 


, I ' 





m- i 


nroinul with strings, have ])ut tluMi* children iiway to bo 
raistcl in tho grrat lu)usi' of the (lovcrnnu'nt, and thoy ^vi 
these litth' do<;-8 to (ill their phurs, anil to suck their breasts 
when they are Cull of milk." 

" Hut — tut— tut!" said Melody," you ill-mannerly feUow I 
what are you about.' You will blow us all up here, Jiuj, if 
you utter such sentiments as those. I think the French 
ladies the (inest in the world except the Americans, and if 
they heard such iileas sis those, advanced by us, they would 
soon drive us out of Paris." 

"Yes." said Jim (in English again), "yes, I know I 
know you like em — may be very good, but you see 1 no like 
(Ui!" In his decided dislike, Jim's excitement was too 
great for his ideas to How 8nu)othly any further, and Mr. 
Melody not disposed to push the argument, the subject was 
dro])i)ed, and j)reparations made for the day exhibition, the 
hour for which was at hand. 

( -*''>1 ) 





La Monj»e—T\w rutn<M)ii)l>s~'riu> Duclor's dn-ani TlH'ir ^rnit alariii — 
Visit to the IlipiMHhomv .liiii rilling M. Kraiicoiii's horse IinliniiM in 
llif Woods ol' Hoiil«»^MH' Kri^'ht of tlic raltltils .liiii ami tlu' Docloral 
the Hal Mnhille,V\n\\\\\t9. Klvstvs At llic Mast/inmi/r, (Sniml (ii»m 
Tlioir opinions an«l crilicisMiMon llit<ni Kmii-liwonicii al conrcssion in St. 
\\w\\ -Doctor's ideas ol it .lini's speech " Imhistiioiisjhm" Death 
of tlie wile of Little Woll- Her liaptisni- I Insltand's distress Ih'r I'nne- 
nd in the Ma«leleine — Her Imrial in Montniartre Coniicil held Indians 
resolvo to return to America I'reparations to depart in a few days — 
IhlHislierlii fToes to London toship their . )xes to New York lie returns, 
uiid accompanies the Indians to Havre Indians take leave id' i'fiifi/H/inta 
(the Author)- M. Vattemare accompanies them to Havre Kindly 
treated l»y Mr. VVinslow, an American fjenlleman, at Havre A splen- 
did dinner, an<l ((firm's) C/iic/idlHih/HH) Indians endmrk Taking leave 
of 7yo/v/.v/«'c/«- Illness of the Autlun-'s lady His alarm and distress — 
Her death — Obituary — Her remains end>alme<l and sent to New York. 

Aftkr tluMf ('xhil)itiun was over, iind they hatl taken tluMi* 
dinner and rhirhabohhoo (at tlu; Ibnner of which they had 
had the company of their ohl friend llohashrrlAt)^ tlieir pipe 
was lit, and the conversation restinied ahont llie French 
ladies, for whom Jim's dislike was daily increasinjr, and 
with his dislike, his slanderous pro])ensity. He conld not 
divest his mind of the UOOO ille}i;itimate and abandoned 
little bahies that he had seen, and the afTection for dof^s, 
which, instead of cxposiiKj, they st^cure with ribbons, 
and hold one end in their hands, or tie it to their apnm- 
strings. This was a subject so glarinj^ to Jim's imaj^ination, 
that he was quite fluent upon it at a moment's warninj^, 
even when standing up or sitting, without the necessity of 
resorting to his usual and eccentric attittide. This facility 
caused him to bo more lavish of his abuse, and at every 
interview in the rooms he seemed to be constantly frowning 

' .1 I 


! * 

i!i ^1 







?' ' 

u|Mm thi» ladii'N, aiul sfudvinfj^ sonu* lu'W ciiusc U)r altusinj;^ 
tlu'in, and drawing; Mr. Mi'lody imd tlu' Doctor into di'batfs 
wluMi tlu'v p)t back to tlu'ir own apartnicntH. Such was tin* 
nature of the didtati' \\v liad just lu'on waginj:^, and wliich 
ho hail tMidfd in his usual wav, with tho hist word to him- 
8oU'. " I no carr ; ini' no likf tMu.*' 

'I'ho subji'ctwa.s horr chanj;rd, Ijowcvcr, hy Mr. Mchxly's 
roniindinj; thcni that this «hiy was thr tinir they had set 
to visit the Monjuc and the Cutiiconihs, for which an ordi'r 
had bi'on ]>rocurt'd. Thi'so luid hci-n the favourite thenns 
for some (hiys; and there had been the j^reatest inipatienci* 
expressed to po and see the naked (U'ad bodies of the 
murdered -axwX fclo-desvs (hiily stretched out in the one, and 
the live millions of skulls and other human bones that are 
laid U]) like cobhouses under fjreat ]»art of the city, liohn- 
slievhi had described to tliem the wonders of this awful ])lace, 
which he had been in on a former occasion, and Daniel had 
read descriptions from books while the Indians had smoked 
many a ]»il>e ; but when the subject was nientioned on this 
occasion, there were evident |)ro()fs instantly shown that 
some influence had ]>roduced a different effect u])on their 
minds, and that they were no lonf^er anxious to ^o. M. 
V^attemare, in s])cakingof the Catacombs a few days before, 
had said that about a year aj^o two younjr men from the 
West Indies came to Paris, and, jj^ettin^- an order to visit the 
Catacombs, entered them, and, leaving their guide, strolled 
so far away that they never got out, and never have been 
found, but their groans and cries arc still often heard undir 
different j)arts of the city. But the immediate difficulty 
with the Indians was a dri'am the Doctor had had the 
night before, and which he had been relating to them. lie 
had not, he said, dreamed anything about the Catacombs, 
but he had seen Sec-catch-c-wec-be, the one-eyed wife of the 
^\f ire-cater'''' (a sorcerer of their tribe), who had followed 
his traclv all the way to the great village of the whites 
(LiOndon), and from that to Paris, where he saw her sittinif 
on a bridge over the wter ; that she gave him a pair of 



ciiusc fi>r abuHinp: 
)()cti)r iiitt) (U'biiti'M 
ntH. S»ul» waH till- 
wajjiu}:;. rt'ul which 
. hist wDitl to him- 

r, by Mr. Mrh^ly's 
tiiiu' tlioy l»ii*^ "^'' 
for which sin onh'r 
IK' lavDUvito thiMius 
{rii'atfst iiupttticiui" 
lend l)otlio8 of tlu' 
out in the one, and 
mum lM)nos that arc 
of the city. Jfohn- 
s of t his awful phicc. 
ion, and Daniel had 
Indians had smoked 
lis mentioned on this 
nstantly shown tljat 
nt effect u])on tlu-ir 
anxious to ^o. M. 
)s a few days before, 
y'onnj^ men Irom ll»c 
an order to visit tlic 
their guide, strolled 
nd never have been 
ill often heard under 
immediate difficulty 
Doctor had had the 
dating to them. He 
)out the Catacombs, 
one-eyed wife of the 
), who had followed 
illage of the whites 
ve he saw her sittinLf 
; gave hiin a pair of 

new mocassins ol "n(»osr-skin. and lidd him thai the (Hi/rfnv 
M<iiiifoii (the (ir»'at Spirit) had lnu'ii vrry kind in not all«>w- 
iiighimand ll'iish-ha nioii t/u (.Iin>) t«>p> nmU-r the ground in 
the (ireat Villago of the \Vhil«'s. in Knghnul. and thrir lives 
wrre thereby sav«Ml. Sin* then wrnt nndi'r an <dd w«)n«an's 
l.asket, who was sidling apples, and disappeared. I !»• couhl 
not understand why he should have siuh a vision as this the 
very uight bribre thoy wert- to go niuK'rgronnd to thrC^ata- 
conibH, unless it was to warn him (d' the catastrophu that 
might befall them if they were to make thiir visit tin re, as 
tlu'y had <lesigned. They ha<l snudied several pipes upon 
this information early in the nn>ri)ing, and the cliitds had 
rlosely (piestioned him and also consulted him as their 
oracle in all such cases, and had unanimously conu' to the 
conclusion that these wvvc foreboding prognosti<ations sulli- 
cient to decide it to be at least prudent to abandon their 
project, ami thereby be stire to run no hazard.* 

Mr. Mcdody and mysi If both agri'cil that their resolve 
]ilaced them on the safe side at all events, and that we 
thought them wise in making it if they saw the least cause 
lor a]>])rehen8ion. 




y could easily run 

to tl 

le river 

however, in their drive, and see the otiur place, the 
7l/(*/Y///c;" but that could not, on any account, bt; under- 
taken, as the two objects had been jdanned out for the same 
visit ; and, from the Doctor's dream, it did not appear in 
the least certain in whi(di of the places they were liabli! to 
incur tlu; risk, and thendnre they thought it best not to 
go to either. There was a great deal yet to see abovi; 
ground, and quite as much as they should be able to .see in 
the little time they had yet to reiuirn there, and which would 

* Tlic place tlicy had cschjumI in the great villaK«! of I he wliit«^8 thc^y 
had licen tohl was a Hell. It had been explained to tluun, however, that 
there were sevend of those jdaees in London, and that they were only iV«t- 
tdtiims of hell, hut they seemed to helieve that tlies*? cataeond)s (as there 
were so many millions of the hones of Frenchmen };one into them) might 
hv. the real hell of the pale-faces, and it was best to run no risk. 






2() t 


in : 





he nuicli ])U'asiinter to look at tluin white men's hones under 

'J'heir niinds were filled with lunazenient on this wonderful 
suhject ; hut their curiosity to see it seemed (juite stilled 
hy the Dot-tor's dream, a.. ' the suhject for the present 
was dro|)])ed, with a remark from Jim, "that he was not 
sure hut that this accounted for the white people digj^inj; 
up all tlie Indians' graves on the frontiers, and that their 
hones were brought here and sold." The (^itacombs were 
thus left for Daniel ami myself to stroll through at our 
leisure, and the Indians were contented with the sketch I 
made, which, with Daniel's account, put them in ])osse3sion 
of the ])rincipal features of that extraordinary and truly 
shocking j)lace. 

As their visit to the Cafacomhs and the Mortjue was ahan- 
doned, we resolved to drive through the Champs Elysocs 
and visit the woods of Boulogne, the favourite drive of the 
Parisians, and j)rol)ahly the most beautiful in the world. 
We had been solicited hy M. Franccni, of the Hippo- 
drome, to enter into an arrangement with him to have the 
Indians unite in his entertainments three days in the week, 
where their skill in riding and archery could he seen to great 
advantage, and for which lie would he willing to offer liberal 
terms, lie had invited us to bring the Indians down, at 
all events, to see the i)lace ; and we agreed to make the 
visit to M. Franconi on our way to the woods of Boulogne. 
The view was a jivivate one, known only to a few of his 
friends, who were ])resent. and his own operatiir troupe, ^^c 
were very civilly and politely received; and, all walkint;' 
to the middl of his grand area, he proposed to make us 
the offer, on condition that the Indians were good riders, 
which I had already assured him was the case, and which 
seemed rather difficult for him to believe, as they had so 
little of civilization about them. As the best ])roof, how- 
ever, he J >posed to bring out a horse, and let one of them 
tiy and show what he could do. This wc agreed to at oikc; 
and, having told the Indians before wc started that wc 


c men's bones under 

'nt on this wonderful 
eeined (juito stilletl 
eit for the present 
, " that he was not 
,'hite people digtjino- 
tiers, aiid that their 
fhe Catacombs were 
roll through at our 
d with the sketch I 
it them in ])osse3si()n 
.lordinary and truly 

le Morf/ue was aban- 
the Champs Elysocs 
avouritc drive of the 
lutiful in the world, 
iccni. of the Ilijipo- 
vith him to have the 
■ee days in the week, 
ould be seen to groat 
willing to offer liberal 
the Indians down, at 
agreed to make the 
woods of Boulogne, 
only to a few of liis< 
i>y)eratic troupe, ^^e 
and, all walking 
)roposed to uiakc us 
ns were good riders, 
the case, and which 
ilieve, as they had so 
the best proof, how- 
, and let one of them 
we agreed to at ontc; 
we started that we 




should make no arrangenient for them there unless tliey 
were ])leased with it and preferred it, they had decided, on 
entering the grounds, that the exercises would be too 
desiK^ratc and fatiguing to thenj and de.structive to tlieir 
t'lothes, and therefore not to engage with him. However, the 
horse was led into the area and ])laced u])on the track for 
their chariot races, which is nearly a ([uarter of a mile in 
circumference; and, the question being ]»ut, "Who will 
ride?" it was soon agreed that Jim should try it first. 
"AVal. me try em." said .lim ; "me no ride good, but me 
try em little." lie was already prepared, with his shield 
and quiver u])on his back and his long and shining lance in 
his hand, 'j^'he horse was held ; though, with all its train- 
ing, it was some time, with its two or three grocmis about it, 
before they could get the frightened creature to stand 
steady enough fin* Jim to mount. In the first effort which 
they thought ho was making to get on, they were surprised 
to find that he was ungirthing the saddle, which he flung 
uj)on the ground, and, tiirowing his bufialo robe across the 
animal's back and himself astride, the horse dashed off" at 
his highest speed. Jim saw that the animal was used to the 
track, and, the course being clear, he leaned forward and 
brandished his lance, and, every time he came round and 
])assed us, sounded a charge in the shrill notes of the 
war-whoop. The riding was ])leasing and surprised M. 
Franccmi exceedingly, and when he thought it was about 
time to stop he gave his signal for Jim to pull uj), but, 
seeing no slack to the animal's pace, and Jim still brandish- 
ing his weapons in the air and sounding the war-whoo]) as 
lie ])asscd, he became all at once alarmed for the healtli of 
his horse. The Indians at this time wen^ all in a roar of 
laughter, and the old gentleman was ])lacing himself and his 
men upon the track as Jim canie round, with uplifted arms, 
to try to stop the animal's speed, just finding at that time 
that Jim had rode in the true prairie style, without using 
the bridle, and whi'h, by his neglect of it, had got out of 
his reach, when he would have use I it to pull up with. Jim 





VI , 

still dashed by them, brandishing his lance as they 'ame in 
his way : when they retreated and ran to head him in another 
place, he there passed them also, and passed Lhem and me- 
naced them again and again as he came around. The alarm 
of the poor old gentleman for the life of his horse became 
very conspicuous, and, with additional efforts with his men, 
and a little pulling up by Jim, who had at length found the 
rein, the poor affrighted and half-dead animal was stopped, 
and Jim, leaping off, walked to the middle of the area, 
where we were in a group, laughing to the greatest excess 
at the fun. The poor horse was near done over, and 
led away by the grooms M. Franconi came and merely 
bade us good-by, and was exceedinglj^ obliged to us. 
Whether the poor animal died or not we never heard, but 
Jim was laid up for several days. On asking him why he 
ran the horse so hard, he said it was the horse's fault, tliat 
" it ran away with him the moment he was on its back — 
that the creature was frightened nearly to death ; and ho 
thought, if it preferred running, he resolved to give it 
running enough." The Doctor told him he acted impru- 
dently in getting on, which had causea all the trouble. 
"In what way?" inquired Jim. "Why, by letting the 
animal see that ugly face of yours ; if you ha(\ hid it till you 
were on, there would have been no trouble." 

We were all obliged to laugh at the Doctor's wit ; and 
having taken I'^ave of the polite old gentleman, we were 
seated in our carriages again for a drive through the woods 
of Boulogne. 

In the midst of these wild and truly beautiful grounds 
the Indians and all got down for a stroll. 'J he native w ildness 
of the forests and jungle seemed in a moment to inspire 
them with their wild feelings, which had, many of them, 
long slumbered whilst mingling amidst the crowds of civil- 
ization, and away they leapt and bounded among the 
trees in their wild and wonted amusement^.. Their shrill 
yells and the war-whoop were soon lost in the distant 
thickets which they penetrated, and an hour at least 

mr I 

> ;«' 



elapsed before tlicy could all be gathered together and pre- 
pared to return. Their frightful yells had started up all 
tiic rabbits that were unburrowed in the forests ; and whilst 
hundreds were bounding about, and many taking to the 
open fields for escape, they encompassed one, and with their 
united screams had scared it to death. This they assured 
us was the case, as they brought it in by the legs, without 
the mark of any weapon upon it. 

Few scenes in Paris, if any, had pleased them more than 
this, and in their subsequent drives they repeatedly paid 
their visits to the " woods of Boulogne." 

On their return home poor Jim lay down, complaining 
very much of lameness from his hard ride on Franconi's 
horse, which he knew would prevent him from dancing for 
some days, as he was getting very stiff, and afraid he would 
not be well enougn to go and see the " Industrious Fleas " 
(as they were called), v.hcre he and the Doctor and Jeffrey 
had arranged to go with Daniel and several young Ameri- 
can acquaintance, who had decided it to be one of the 
choicest little sights then to be seen in Paris, and which 
from all accounts is an exhibition of female nudities in living 
groups, ringing all the changes on attitude and action 
for the amusement of the lookers-on. There was a great 
deal of amusing conversation about this very popular exhi- 
bition, but in this poor Jim and the Doctor reluctantly sub- 
mitted to disappointment when Mr. Melody very properly 
objected to their going to see it. 

Jim had laid himself on his back at this time, and, not 
feeling in the best of humour, began in a tirade of abuse 
of the Frenchwomen, of whom he and the Doctor had seen 
more perhaps on the previous evening in the Jardin Mahille 
in the Champs Elysees, and the masquerade in the Grand 
Opera House, than they had seen since they entered Paris. 

Their enterprise on that evening had taken place after 
their exhibition had closed, when Jim and the Doctor started 
with Jeffrey and Daniel and two or three friends who were 
pledged to take care of them. It was on Sunday evening, 




f.y.. : 




when the greatest crowds attend these places, and I have 
no other account of what they did and what they saw than 
that they gave me on their return home. They had first 
gone to the splendid bal in the popular garden, where they 
were told that the thousand elegant women they saw there 
dancing were all bad women, and that nearly all of them 
came to those places alone, as they had nothing to pay, but 
were all let in free, so as to make the men come who had to 
pay. This idea had tickled Jim and the Doctor very much, 
for, although they were from the wilderness, they could look 
a good way into a thing which was perfectly clear. It was 
a splendid sight for them, and, after strolling about a while, 
and seeing all that could be seen, they had turned their 
attention to the " Bal Masque " in the Grand Opera. Here 
they had been overwhelmed with the splendour of the scene, 
and astonished at its novelty, and the modes of the women 
who, Jim said, " were all ashamed to show their faces," 
and whose strange manoeuvres had added a vast deal to 
the fund of his objections to Frenchwomen, and which he 
said had constantly been accumulating ever since he first 
saw so many of them kissing the ends of little dogs' noses, 
and pretty little children on their foreheads. His mind 
here ran upon kissing, of which he had seen some the night 
before, and which he had often observed in the exhibition 
rooms and in the streets. He had laughed, he said, to sec 
Frenchmen kiss each other on both cheeks ; and he had ob- 
served that, when gentlemen kiss ladies, they kiss them on the 
forehead : he was not quite sure that they would do so in the 
dark, however. " In London always kiss em on the mouth; 
ladies kiss cm Indians heap, and hug em too ; in France 
ladies no kiss cm — no like em — no good." 

In speaking of the Ja/ in the gardens, "he didn't sec 
anything so very bad in that, but as for the masquerade, 
he looked u})on it as a very immoral thing that so many 
thousands of ladies should come there and be ashamed to 
show their faces, and have the privilege of picking out just 
such men as they liked to go with them, and then take hold 

i . 






of their arms, as he said he repeatedly saw them, and lead 
them out." Amongst the Indians, he said, they had a 
custom much like that to be sure, but it was only given 
once a-year, and it was then only for the young married men 
to lend their wives to the old ones : this was only one night 
in the year, and it was a mark of re8])ect that the young 
married men were willing to pay to the old warriors and 
chiefs, and the young married women were willing to agree 
to it because it pleased their husbands. On those occasions, 
he said, " none are admitted into the ring but old married 
men, and then the young married woman goes around and 
touches on the left shoulder the one who she wishes to 
follow her into the bushes, and she does it without being 
ashamed and obliged to cover her face." 

The Doctor's prejudices against the Frenchwomen were 
nothing near as violent as those of Jim, and yet he said it 
made him feel very curious when he saw some thousands 
with their faces all hidden : he said it must be true that 
they had some object that was bad, or they wouldn't bo 
ashamed and hide their faces. Mr. Melody told Jim and 
the Doctor, however, that he didn't consider there was so very 
much harm in it, for these very women had the handiest 
way in the world to get rid of all their sins. If they hap- 
pened accidentally or otherwise during the week to do any- 
thing that was decidedly naughty or wicked, they went 
into their churches very early in the morning, where the 
priest was in a little box with his car to the window, where 
the woman kneeled down and told in his ear all the sins 
she had committed during the week, and she then went 
away quite happy that, having confessed them to him, he 
would be sure to have them all forgiven by the Great Spirit. 
They had a great laugh at this, and all thought that Mr. 
Melody was quizzing them, until Dohasheela and Daniel both 
told them it was all true, and if they liked to go with them 
any morning they would take them into any ol the I r nch 
churches or chapels, where they could see it; and would 
venture that they would see many of the same women con- 

^^^^^■mk' ^\ 


ir: . 


^^Bvi r ' ' 





fessing their sins whom they had seen at the bal and the 
masquerade, and in this way they could tell who had be- 
haved the worst, for the most guilty of them would be sure 
to be there first. The Doctor seemed evidently to look upon 
this still with suspicion and doubt; and as the splendid 
church of St. Roch was nearly opposite to their rooms, and 
only across the street, it was proposed that the Doctor and 
Jim should accompany Daniel and their friend Bohaskeela 
immediately there, where in five minutes they could see more 
or less women at confession, and at the same time a fine sight, 
one of the most splendid churches in Paris, and the place 
where the Queen goes on every Sunday to worship. 'J'his 
so excited the party, that they chiefly all arose and walked 
across the street to take a view of the church and the 
Frenchwomen confessing their sins into the ears of the 
priests. They happened to have a fair opportunity of seeing 
several upon their knees at confession ; and the old Doctor 
had been curious to advance up so near to one, that he said 
he saw the priest's eyes shining through between the little 
slats, and then he was convinced, and not before. He said 
that still it didn't seem right to him, unless the Great 
Spirit had put those men there for that purpose. He 
thought it a very nice place for a young girl to tell the 
priest where she would meet him, and he had a very good 
chance to see whether she was pretty or not. Jim had by 
this time studied out an idea or two, and said, he thought 
that this way of confessing sins aided the hah and mas- 
querades and the industrious Jleas very much ; and ho be- 
lieved that these were the principal causes of the great 
number of the poor little deserted and parentless babes 
they had seen in the hospital where they had been. 

The hour for the exhibition arriving, the conversation 
about Paris morals and religion was broken suddenly off, 
and perhaps at a good time. 'I here were great crowds now 
daily attending their amusements, and generally applaudinu; 
enthusiastically, and making the Indians occasional presents. 
On this occasion the Doctor had made a tremendous boast 




n at the bal and the 
ould tell who had hi - 
jf them would be sure 
evidently to look upon 
and as the splendid 
to to their rooms, and 
i that the Doctor and 
their friend Bohasheein 
tes they could see moro 
same time a fine sight, 
n Paris, and the place 
iday to worship. Tliis 
ly all arose and walked 
f the church and the 
1 into the ears of the 
ir opportunity of seeing 
on ; and the old Doctor 
lear to one, that he said 
ough between the little 
I not before. He said 
him, unless the Great 
for that purpose. He 
young girl to tell the 
and he had a very good 
ty or not. Jim had by 
, and said, he thought 
ded the bah and wat- 
ery much ; and he be- 
ll causes of the great 
and parentless babes 
hey had been, 
ving, the conversation 
is broken suddenly off, 
were great crowds now 
d generally applauding 
ans occasional presents. 
,de a tremendous boast 

in the part he was taking in the eagle-dance, for *he spirit 
of which the audience, and jmiLiiularly the ladies, guve him 
a great deal of a])plausc, so much so that at the end of the 
dance his vanity called him out in an off-hand speech about 
the beauty of the city, &c., and, it being less energetic than 
the boasts he had just been strutting out, failed to draw 
forth the applause he was so confidently depending on. He 
tried sentence a"ter sentence, and, stopj)ing to listen, all were 
silent. This perplexed and disap])ointed the Doctor very 
much, and still he went on, and at length stopped and sat 
down, admired, but not applauded. His friend Jim was 
laughing at him as he took his seat, and telling him that if 
he had barked like a little dog the ladies would have been 
sure to applaud. To this the Doctor said, " You had better 
try yourself:" upon which the daring Jim, who professed 
never to refuse any challenge, sprang upon his feet, and, 
advancing to the edge of the platform, stood braced out with 
his brows knitting, and his eyes " in a frenzy rolling, " for full 
two minutes before he began. He then thrust his lance 
forward in his right hand as far a? he could dart it over the 
heads of the audience, and, coming back to his balance again, 
he commenced. Of his s])eech no report was made, but it 
was short and confined to three or four brief sentences, at the 
end of which he looked around with the most doleful expres- 
sion to catch the applause, but there was none. The old Doctor 
was watching him close, and telling him he had better sit down. 
In this dilemma he was still standing after all his good 
ideas had been spent, and each instant, as he continued to 
stand, making his case worse, he turned upon his heel, and 
as he was turning around he added, in an irritated manner, 
this amusing sentence : " You had better go and see the in- 
dustrious fleas, and then you will applaud !" This made a 
great laugh amongst the Indians, but of course it was not 
translated to the audience. He then took his seat, looking 
exceedingly sober, and, with his pipe, was soon almost lost 
sight of in the columns of smoke that were rising around him. 
About this time a very friendly invitation had been given 









them and us by Colonel Thorn, an American gentleman 
of great wealth residing in Paris, and all were anticipatini^ 
much pleasure on the occasion when we were to dine at his 
house ; but, unluckily for the happiness and enjoyment of 
the whole party, on the morning of the day of our invitation 
the wife of the Little Wolf suddenly and unexpectedly dicil. 
Our engagement to dine was of course broken, and our ex- 
hibition and amusements for some days delayed. 'I'his sad 
occurrence threw the party into great distress, but they nut 
the kindness of many sym])athising friends, who adminis- 
tered in many ways to their comfort, and joined in attend- 
ing the poor woman's remains to the grave. Her disease 
was the consumption of the lungs, and her decline had been 
rapid, though her death at that time was unex])ectc(l. 
When it was discovered that her symptoms were alarming, 
a Catholic priest was called in, and she received the baptism 
a few moments before she breathed her last. Through the 
kindness of the excellent Cure of the Madeleine church, her 
remains were taken into that splendid tomjde, and the 
funeral rites performed over them according to the rules of 
that church, in the presence of some hundreds whu were led 
there by sympathy and curiosity, and from thence her body 
was taken to the cemetery of Montmartre, and interred. The 
poor heartbroken noble fellow, the Little Wolf, shed the 
tears of bitterest sorrow to see her, from necessity, laid 
amongst the rows of the dead in a foreign land ; and on 
every day that he afterwards spent in Paris he ordered a 
cab to take him to the grave, that he could cry over it, and 
talk to the departed spirit of his wife, as he was leaving 
some little offering he had brought with him. This was 
the second time we had seen him in grief; and we, who had 
been by him in all his misfortunes, admired the deep affec- 
tion he showed for his little boy, and now for its mother, 
and at the same time the manly fortitude with which he met 
the fate that had been decreed to him. On this sad occa- 
sion their good friend M. Vattemare showed his kind 
sympathy for them, and took upon himself the whole 



arrangements of her i'unenil, and did all that was in his 
jiower to console and soothe the brokenhearted husband in 
the time of his aflliction. Me also proposed to have a suit- 
able and appropriate monument erected over her grave, 
and for its accomplishment procured a considerable sum by 
subscription, with which, I ])resume, the monument has, ere 
this, been erected over her remains. The Little Wolf in- 
sisted on it that the exhibition should ])roceed, as the daily 
expenses were so very great, and in a few days, to give 
it all the interest it could ; ive, resumed his part in the 
dance that he had taken before his misfortune. 

Owing to letters received about this time from their 
tribe, and the misfortune that had happened, the Indians 
were now all getting anxious to start for their own country, 
and, holding a council on the subject, called Mr. Melody in, 
and informed him that they had resolved to sleep but six 
nights more in Paris, and that they should expect him to be 
ready to start with them after that time. This was a short 
notice for us, but was according to Indian modes, and there 
was no way but to conform to it. Mr. Melody had pledged 
his word to the Government to take care of these people, 
and to return to their country with them whenever the 
chiefs should desire it ; and I was bound, from my deep 
interest for them, to assent to whatever regulations Mr. 
Melody and the chiefs should adopt as the best. 

This notice came at a time when it was unexpected by me, 
and I think not anticipated by Mr. Melody, and was there- 
fore unfortunate for us, and probably somewhai., though less 
so, to them. The very heavy outlays had all be&n made for 
their exhibitions, and their audiences were daily increasing. 
If their exhibitions could have been continued a month or 
two longer, the avails would have been considerable, and of 
great service to Mr. Melody, who had the heavy responsi- 
bility on his shoulders of taking these people back to their 
country at his own expense. 

The closing of their amusements, and positive time of their 
departure, was now announced, and immense crowds came in 





! r. 




f i 






within the rcmaininfr frwdsiys to pot tlio last possible glance 
at the faces and the curious modes of " /w Peaux Rouges." 
The poor fellows enjoyed their interviews with the public 
to the last, and also their roast beef and beefsteaks and 

'I'hcy had much to say in the few days that were left ; 
they quitted their daily drives and sight-seeing, and devoted 
their time to the pipe and conversation, in a sort of recapi- 
tulation of what they had seen and said and done on this 
side of the Atlantic, and of friends and affairs in their own 
humble villages, where their thoughts were now roaming. 
They were counting their cash also, packing away all thoir 
things they were to carry, and looking out for the little ])ro- 
sents they wished to purchase, to take home to their friends, 
In all of these occupations they had the constant attention 
of their old and faithful friends Bobasheela and Daniel. 

In one of their conversations after the funeral of the poor 
woman, the Doctor and Jim had much to say of the honours 
paid to her remains by the French people, which the whole 
party would recollect as long as they lived. They were 
jjlcased with and astonished at the beauty and magnificence 
of the Madeleine church, and wished to get some account of 
it to carry home to show their people, and thus, besides 
several engravings of it, Jim's book carried the following 
entry by my own hanu: — "Za Madeleine, the most splendid 
temple of worship in Paris, or perhaps in the world; sur- 
rounded with 52 Corinthian columns, 60 feet high; south 
pediment, a bas-relief, representing the Day of Judgment, 
with the figure of Magdalene at the feet of Christ." 

As the party were to embark at Havre on their home- 
ward voyage, it became a queation how they were to get 
their numerous trunks and boxes they had left in London, 
filled with clothes and other articles that they had pur- 
chased or received as presents while in England. To 
relieve them of this difficulty, their friend Bobasheela volun- 
teered to go to London and take all their boxes to Liver- 
pool, and ship them to New York, and was soon on the way. 



This was a noble and kind act on the ])art of Dohasheelu^ 
iipd it was done with despatch, and he was back in Paris 
just in time to accompany his friends to Havre. M. 
Vattemare was in readiness to attend them also ; and i 11 
their transactions in Paris being brought to a close, and 
thoy having taken leave of Chifipchola and other friends, 
started for their native land, with my highest admiration 
for the sober and respectful manner in which they had con- 
ducted themselves while under my direction, and with my 
most ardent desire for their future success and hai)piness.* 

Here was about the j)eriod at which my dear wife c^nd I 
had contemplated our return, with our little children, to 
our native land, where we should have returned in the 
enjoyment of all the ha])pines8 we had anticipated or could 
have wished, but for the misfortune that had been for some 
time awaiting me, but not until then duly appreciated, in 
my own house. Those of my readers who were not familiar 
with the completeness of my domestic happiness prior to this 
period of my life, will scarcely know how to sympathize 
with me, or perhaps to excuse me for adverting to it here. 
My dear Clara, whom 1 have introduced to the reader 
before, who shared with me many of the toils and pleasures 
of the prairies of the " Far West," and was now meeting 
with me the mutual enjoyments of the refined and splendid 
world, had, a few weeks before, in company with a couple of 
English ladies of her acquaintance, paid a visit to the Mint, 
from which they all returned indisposed, having taken 
severe colds by a sudden change from the heated rooms into 
the chilly atmosphere of the streets. With my dear wife, 
who was obliged to retire to her room, the disease was dis- 

* I learned I'rorn M. Vattemare, on his return, that the party were 
treated with great friendship by an American gentleman in Havre, Mr. 
Winslow, who invited them to dine at his house, and bestowed on them 
liberal presents. They embraced their old friend Bobasheela in their arms 
on the deck of their vessel, and he sailed for London as their vessel was 
under weigh for America. The rest of their history is for other historians, 
and my narrative will continue a little further on events in Paris. 

T 2 

;i t' 

a. -» 







km < 

covort'd ill a few days to have attached to her limits ; ami 
altliough for several weeks slie had been suHeriiij; very 
much, and confmed to her bed, no serious a|)])rehensionH 
were entertained until about the time that the Indians left, 
when my whole thoughts and attentions were turned to her, 
but to discover in a few days that our plans for further 
mutual happiness in this world were at an end — that her 
days were nearly numbered, and that her four dear little 
children were to be committed to my sole care. 

To those who have felt pangs like mine which followed, 
I need but merely mention them ; and to those who have 
not felt them, it would be in vain to describe. Her feehio 
form wasted away ; and in her dying moments, with a 
Christian's \\o\)o, she was in the midst of ha]>]>iness, blessiiijf 
her dear little children as she committed them to my care 
and ])rotection. 

The following obituary notice, penned by a lady of her 
intimate acquaintance, the reader will excuse me for insert- 
ing here, as it is the only record of her, except those 
engraven on the hearts of those who knew and loved her :— • 

Died — Oa tho 28th irist., No. 11 bis, Avenue Lord Hyron, Paris, Mrs. 
Cluru H. Catlin, the wife oF tlic eminent traveUer so clistinguisiied lor iiis 
researches into Indian history and anti(|uities of America, and so iiniversull} 
known and respected in Eurojjc and liis native country, (Jeo. Catlin, Ks(|., 
from the United States of America. The devoted friends vt ho wutciicd 
the last moments of this most amiable, interesting woman with intfiisi' 
anxiety, still cUnig to a faint hope, deceived by a moral energy never siii- 
passed, and the most unruffled serenity of temper, that (had it been tiic 
will of Heaven) they might have been permitted to rescue a life so prciidiis 
— but, alas I this gentle, artectionatc, intellectual being was destined never 
more to revisit the land of her birth, and all that was earthly of m) imuli 
worth and loveliness has passed away, whilst the immortal spirit has asceiuliii 
to its kindred skies ! 

" None knew her, but to love her ; 
None named her, but to praise." 

GalignanVs Messenger, 30th July, 1845. 

The reader can imagine something of the gloom that was 
cast over my house and little family, thus suddenly closed 
for ever from the smiles and cheer of an affectionate wile 

m:r{ |{i:mains sknt to nkw yohk. 


and a devoted mother, whose remains were sent hack to her 
native hmd— not to i^reet and hrinirj.,y to her kindred and 
aiixions (riends, from uhom she had heen five years uhHent. 
hut to afford them the hist ^hmre at her h)ve(l features, 
then to take their phiee amonjrst the ranks of the peareCnl 


g of the gloom that was 
ly, thus suddenly closed 
r of an affectionate wile 

)^ A 




( 27^< ) 


*f ' 

■ I 


Klovon Ojibheway Indians iirrive from London — Their exhibitions in 
the Author's Collection — ^ Portraits and description of — 'J'heir ainnsc- 
mcnts — Their pledge to sobriety — Chivkahobboo cxjiUiined to therii— 
Birth of a Pappoose — M. (Iiidin — Indians and tlie Author dine 
with liiin — liis kind lady — 'J'he Author breakfasts with the UopI 
F'amily in the palace at St. Cloud — 'i\vo Kings and two Queens at 
the table — Tiie Author i)resented to the King and Queen of tlie Jk-Igians 
by Louis Phili})pe, in the salon — Count do Paris — Due do Brabant 
— Recollects the Indian j)ipe and mocassins i)resented to him by the 
Author in the Egy|)tian Hall — Duchess of Orleans — The Princess 
Adelaide — The King relates anecdotes of his lite in America — Washing. 
ton's .'arcwell address — Losing his dog in the Seneca village — Crossing 
IhiHUio (Jreck — Descending the Tioga and Susijuchana rivers in an 
Indian canoe, to Wyoming, the Author's native valley — The King 
desires the Author to arrange his whole Collection in the Louvre for tlie 
])rivatc views of the Royal Family — He also appoints a day to see the 
Ojibbeways in the Park, at St. Cloud — (Jreat rejoicing of the Indians- 
A dotj-feast — The Indians and the Author dine a second time at M, 

In the midst of my grief, with my little family around mc, 
V'ith my collection still open, and my lease for the Salle 
Valentino not yet expired, there suddenly arrived from 
London a ])arty of eleven Ojihheioay Indians, from the 
region of Lake Huron, in Upper Canada, who had been 
brought to England by a Canadian, but had since been 
under the management of a young man -from the city of 
London. They had heard of the great success of the 
loways in Paris, and also of their sudden departure, and 
were easily prevailed upon to make a visit +herc. On 
their arrival, I entered into the same arrangement with 
them that I had with the two former parties, agreeing with 
the young man who had charge of them to receive them 
into my collection, sharing the expenses and receipts as I 



i(l(,n — Their exhibitions in 
seriptioii of— Their aimise- 
bobboo cxjiUiined to tlieiii— 
ians and tl»e Autlior dine 
■ breakfasts with the Royal 

Kings and two Queens at 
^g and Queen of the Ik-lgiaiis 
do Paris— Due de Brahaiu 
ins presented to him 'oy the 

of Orleans— The Princess 
is life in America — Washing- 
he Seneca village— Crossing 
id Sus(iuchana rivers in an 
"s native valley— The King 
illection in the Louvre lor tlic 
also appoints a day to see tlie 
eat rejoicing of the Indians- 
»r dine a second time at M. 

ittlc family around inc, 
my lease for the Salic 
suddenly arrived from 
ivay Indians, from the 
Canada, who had been 
an, but had since been 
man -from the city of 
e ^reat success of the 
sudden departure, and 
ike a visit ^here. On 
■jamc arrangement with 
1- parties, agreeing with 
■ them to receive them 
enses and receipts as 1 



Pi\-' i 


had done before ; he being obligated to pay the Indians a 
certain sum per month, and bound to return them to 
London, from whence they came, at his own expense. As 
m}' collection was all arranged and prepared, I thought 
such an arrangement calculated to promote their interest 
and my own, and in a few days their arrival and exhibitions 
were announced, they having been quartered in the same 
apartments which had been occupied by the loways before 

The following are the names of the party, with their 
respective ages given (see Plate No. 18) : — 


1. Maun-gua-daus (a Great Hero) — Chief 41 

2. Say-say-gon (the Hail-Storm) 31 

3. Ke-che-us-sin (the Strong Rock) 27 

4. itfws/i-s/ie-jwwigf (the King oF the Loons) 25 

6. Au-nim-much-ktcah-um (the Tempest Bird) .... 20 

6. A-wun-ne-wa-be (the Bird of Thunder) 19 

7. Wau-hud-dick (the Elk) 18 

8. U-je-jock (the Pelican) 10 

9. Noo-din-no-kay (the Furious Storm) 4 

10. Min-nis-sin-noo (a Brave Warrior) , . 3 

11. Uh-wus-sig-gee-zigh-gook-kway (Woman of the Upper 
World)— wife of Chief 38 

12. Pappoose — born in the Salle Valentino. 

The chief of this party, Maun-guadaus, was a remarkably 
fine man, both in his personal appearance and intellect aal 
faculties. He was a half-caste, and, speaking the English 
language tolerably well, acted as chief and interpreter of th« 

The War-chief, Say-say-gon, was also a fine and intelligent 
Indian, full-blooded, anJ spoke no English. The several 
younger men were generally good-looking, and exceedingly 
supple and active, giving great life and excitement to their 
dances. In personal appearance the party, taken all to- 
gether, was less interesting than that of the loways, yet, at 
the same time, their dances and other amusements were 
equally, if not more spirited and beautiful than those of 
their predecessors. 





n r^ 






Thus, in the midst of my sorrow, I was commencing 
anxieties again, and advertised the arrival of the new 
party, and the commencement of their exhibitions. They 
began with more limited but respectable audiences, and 
seemed to please and surprise all who came, by the excite- 
ment of their dances and their skill in shooting with the 
bow and arrows, in the last of which they far surpassed the 
loways. It was imj)ossible, howevei', by all the advertising 
that could be d( iic, to move the crowds again that had been 
excited to see the loways ; the public seeming to have 
taken the idea that these were merely an imitation got up 
to take advantage of their sudden departure. It happened 
quite curious, that, although the party consisted of eleven 
when they arrived, about the time of the commencement 
of their exhibitions the wife of the chief was delivered of a 
])appoose, which was born in the same room where the poor 
wife of the Little Wolf had died. This occurrence enabled 
us to announce the party as twehe — the same number as the 
loways; which, with the name somewhat similar, furnished 
very strong grounds for many of the Parisians to believe that 
they were paying their francs to see their own countrymen 
aping the Indians of America. 

It seemed strange that it was so difficult to do away this 
impression, which ojjerated against them the whole time 
they were in Paris, though all who saw them but a moment 
were satisfied and pleased. Their amusements were much 
like those of the Io\'/ays, but with national diff(;renccs in the 
modes of giving them, which were, to the curious, subjects 
of great interest. 

The same hours were adopted for their exhibitions — the 
same vehicles were contracted for, for iheir daily exorcise 
and sight-seeing --and their guardian, with Daniel, took 
charge of all their movements on these occasions. Their 
daily routine therefore was in most respects the same as 
that of the loways, and it would be waste of valuable time 
here for mc to follow them through all. 

We held the council, as we had done in the other cases, 


W ^ ( 



3 in the other cases, 

before our arrangements were entered upon, and all was 
placed U])on the condition that they were to conduct them- 
selves soberly, and to drink no spirituous liquors. The 
temperance pledge was therefore given, after I had ex])lained 
to them that, with the two other ])arties, ale in ICngland, and 
vin ordinaire in France, when tal<en to a moderate degree, 
were not included in the term ^^ spirituous lifjuors,'' and that 
they would of course, as the other parties had been indulged, 
have their regular glass at their dinners, and also after their 
sup])ers, and before going to bed ; and that they would call 
it, as the others had done, chichaoohhoo. This indulgence 
seemed to please them very much, and, being at a loss to 
know the meaning of chichahohhoo, 1 took an occasion to 
give them the history of the word, which they would see was 
of Ojibbcway origin, and, laughii. j excessively at the inge- 
nuity of their predecessors, they all resolved to keep u[) 
their word, and to be sure at the same time not to drop 
their custom, of taking the licensed glasses of chic/ia- 

Amongst the kind friends whom this party made in Paris, 
one of the best was M. Gudin, the celebrated marine 
painter, in the employment of the King. This most excel- 
lent gentleman and his kind lady were frequent visitors to 
their exhibitions, and several times invited the whole party 
and myself to dine at their table, and spend the day in the 
beautiful grounds around his noble mansion (the " Chateau 
Bcaujon"), and, in its present improved condition, little less 
than a ])alace. 

Not only will the Indians feel bound for life to acknow- 
ledge their gratitude to this kind lady and gentleman, but 
the writer of these notes will feel equally and more so for 
the kind and unmerited attentions they paid to him during 
his stay in Paris. It was through the friendly agency of 
M. Gudin that the King invited my collection to the 
Louvre, and myself, in company with him. to the royal break- 
fast-table in the palace at St. Cloud. I take no little 
satisfaction in recording here these facts, not only for myself. 



Li*-'' 1 








* i 

i ! 




l1 ■; 




but injustice to one of the most distinguished painters (and 
one of the best fellows) of the age. On this occasion, the 
jjroudest one of my wild and erratic life, we were conducted 
through several rooms of the ])alace to the one in which the 
Royal Family, chiefly all assembled, with their numerous 
guests, were standing and ready to be seated around a cir- 
cular table of 15 or lb feet in diameter, at which, our seats 
being indicated to us, and the bow of recognition (so far as 
we were able to recognise acquaintances) having been made, 
all were seated. This extraordinary occasion of my life was 
rendered peculiarly memorable and gratifying to me, from 
the fact that there were two Kings and ivfo Queens at the 
table, and nearly every member of the Royal Family. The 
King and Queen of the Belgians, who were at that time on 
a visit to Paris, with his Royal Highness the little Due dc 
Brabant, were the unusual Royal guests at the table on the 
occasion. The number of persons at the table, consisting of 
the two Royal Families, the King's aides-de-camp, and 
orderly officers of the palace, with the invited guests, 
amounted to about 30 in all ; and as Kings and Queens and 
royal families eat exactly like other people, I see nothing 
further that need be noticed until their Majesties arose and 
retired to the salon or drawing-room, into which we all fol- 
lowed. I was there met as I entered, in the most gracious 
and cordial manner by His Majesty, who presented me to 
the King of the Belgians, who did me the honour to address 
me in these words : — " I am very happy, Mr. Catlin, to meet 
a gentleman whose name is familiar to us all, and who has 
done so much for science, and also for the poor Indians. You 
know that the Queen, and myself, and the Due dc Brabant 
were all subscribers to your valuable work, and we have 
taken great interest in reading it." 

The two heirs-apparent, the little Count de Paris and 
Mis Royal Highness the Due de Brabant, came to me, and, 
recognising me, inquired about the Indians. The conversa- 
tion with her Majesty, and also with the Princess Adelaide, 
and the Duchess of Orleans, was about the Indians, who 

r. CLOUD. 



they had heard had gone home, and in whom they all seemed 
to have taken a deep interest. 

The little Due de Brabant recollected the small pipe and 
mocassins 1 had presented him when he visited my collection 
in the Egyptian Hall, under the protection of the Hon. 
Mr. Murray. 

I had a few raiinutcs' conversation with the Kinir of the 
Belgians, and also with the graceful and ])ensive Duchess of 
Orleans, and our ears were then all turned to the recitals of 
his Majesty, around v/hom we had gathered, whilst he was 
relating several scenes of his early life in America, in com- 
pany with his two brothers, the Due de Montpensier and 
the Count Beaujolais, which it seemed my advent with the 
Indians had brought up with unusual freshness in his 

He commented in the most eloquent terms upon the 
greatness and goodness of General Washington, and told us 
that he and his brothers were lucky enough to have been 
j)rescnt and heard his farewell address in Philadelj)hia, 
which he had been in the habit of reflecting upon as one of 
the most pleasurable and satisfactory incidents of his life. 

He gave us an amusing account of his horse getting 
mired in crossing Buffalo Creek, and of his ])aying a visit 
to the tribe of Seneca Indians, near to the town of Buffalo, 
on Lake Erie : — 

" Being conducted," said he, " to the village and to the chief's wigwam, 
1 shook hands with the chief, who came and stood by my horse's head, and 
while some hundreds of men, women, and children were gathering around, 
1 told the chief that I had come to make him a visit of a day or two, to 
which he replied that he was very glad to see me, and I should be made 
quite welcome, and treated to the best that he had. lie said there would 
he one condition, however, which was, that he should rc((iiirc me to give 
liiin everything 1 had ; he should demand my horse, from which 1 world 
dismount, and having given him the bridle, he said, ' 1 now want your gun, 
your watch, and all your money ; these are indispensable.' 

" I then, for the first time in my life, began to think that I was com- 
pletely robbed and plundered ; but at the moment when he had got all, 
and before I had time for more than an instant thought of my awkward 
condition, he released me from all further alarm by continuing, * If you 
have anything else which you wish to be sure to get again, I wish you to 

h ' 


;. / 



:i \ 


;| I .'i-pj 

'i ='! ' 








. j 

■ 'M 





let me have it; for whatever yoii dolivcr into my hands row you will ho 
sure to find safe whi'n yon aro al)ont to havi' ; otlicrwise 1 woidd not lie 
willing' to vouch lor their safety ; for there are some of my people whom wc 
cannot trust to.* 

" From this moment 1 felt (piitc eas}', and spent a day or two in their 
village very pleasantly, and with much amusement. When I was about to 
leave, my horse was broutrht to the chief's door and saddled, and all the 
projjcrty I had left in his hands safely restored. 

" I then mounted my horse, and, having taken leave, and proeeeded a 
short distance on my route, I discovered that I had left my favourite dot;-, 
which I had been too much excited and amused to think of, and did not 
recollect to have seen after I entered their village, 

" I turned my horse and rode back to tlie door of the chief's wijr- 
wam, and made incjuiries for it. The chief said, ' But you did not 
intrust your dog to my care, did you?' ' No, I did not think of my poor 
dog at the time.' 'Well then,' said he, ' I can't answer for it. If you 
had done as I told you, your dog would have been safe. However,' said 
he, ' we will inquire for it.' At which moment one of his little sons wus 
ordered to run and open a rude pen or cage by the corner of the wigwam, 
and out leaped my dog, and sj)rang uj)on my leg as I was sitting on my 
horse. I ottered the honest chief a reward for his kindness ; but he refused 
toacce|)t it, wishing me to recollect, whenever I was amongst Indians again, 
to repose confidence in an Indian's word, and feel assured that all the pro- 
perty intrusted to an Indian's care I would l)e sure to find safe whenever 
I wanted it again." 

After reciting this amusing incident, his Majesty described 
to me the route which he and his brothers took from Buffalo 
to the falls of Niagara, and thence on horseback to Gene, a, 
a small town at the foot of the Seneca Lake, where they 
sold their horses, and, having purchased a small boat, rowed 
it 90 miles to Ithaca, at the head of the lake. From thence 
they travelled on foot, with their luggage carried on their 
backs, 30 miles to Tioga, on the banks of the Susqnehaiiii. 
where they purchased a canoe from the Indians, and de- 
scended in it that romantic and beautiful riVer, to a small 
town called Wilkesbarre, in the valley of Wyoming. 

From thence, with their knapsacks on their backs, they 
crossed the Wilkesbarre and Pokono mountains to Eastoii. 
and from thence were conveyed in a coach to Philadel])hia. 

I here surprised his Majesty a little, and his listeners, and 
seemed to add a fresh interest to his narrative, by infbriniiiii 




liiin that I was a native of Wilkcsliarrc, in tlio valley of 
Wyoming, and that while his Majesty was there I was an 
infant in my mother's arms, only a few months old. 

He related a number of ])leasing recollections of his visit 
to my native valley, and then gave us an account of an 
Indian hail-plai/ amongst the Cherokees and Choctaws, 
where he saw 500 or 600 engaged, during the whole day, 
before the game was decided ; and he pronounced it one of 
the most exciting and beautiful scenes he had ever beheld. 

After an hour or so spent in amusing us with the jdcas- 
ing reminiscences of his wdd life in America, he exp ^ssed 
a wish to sec my collection, and requested me to place it in 
a large hall in the Louvre, for the private views of the 
Royal Family; and also a})j)ointed a day and an hour when 
he would be glad to see the Ojibbeway Indians at St. Cloud, 
and desired me to accompany them. 

From the Palace, my friend M. Gudin, at the request 
of the King, proceeded with me to Paris and to the Louvre, 
with his Majesty's command to M. de Caillaux, director 
of the Louvre, to prepare the Salle de Seance for the recep- 
tion of my collection, which was ordered to be arranged in 
it. My return from thence to the Indians, with the inform- 
ation that they were to visit the King, created a pleasing 
excitement amongst them, and, as the reader can easily 
imagine, great joy and rejoicing. 

This was an excitement and a piece of good news to the 
poor fellows that could not be jjassed over without some 
signal and unusual notice, and the result was, that a dof/- 
fcast was to be the ceremony for the next day. Conse- 
quently a dog was procured at an early hour, and, according 
to the custom of their country, was roasted whole, and, when 
ready, was partaken of with a due observance of all the 
forms used in their own country on such occasions, it being 
strictly a religious ceremony. 

The same indulgence in seeing the sights of Paris, and of 
exercise in the open air, was shown to them as to the other 
party ; and the same carriages contracted for, to give them 





their daily drives ; in all of which they were accoin])anie(l li\ 
their {guardian, to whom the sijjjhts of l*aris were also new 
and equally entertaining, and they all made the best use of 
their time in these amusements. 

Their good friend M. Cudin appointed another day 
for the whole party to dine at his house, and having a 
number of distingui.shed guests at his table, the scene was a 
very brilliant and merry one. The orator of the party was 
the chief J\Lnui-(/n(i-d<ius, though on this occasion the War- 
chief, whose name was Sat/-s<i>/-(/on (the Hail-storm), arose 
at the table and addressed M. Gudin and his lady in a 
very affectionate manner ; thanking them for their kindness 
to them, who were strangers in Paris and a great way from 
their homes, and at the same time proposing to give to his 
friend M. Gudin a new name, saying that, whenever 
the Indians made a new friend whom they ^oved very much, 
they liked to call him by a name that had si>me meaning to 
it, and he should hereafter call him by the name of Ken nc- 
imh-a-min (the Sun that guides us through the Wilderness). 

There were several gentlemen of high rank and titles 
present, and all seemed much entertained with the appear- 
ance and conduct of the Indians. 

|i' 'X I '•; 

m W 

'I , 


( -^^7 ) 



Indians' visit to the rulaco of St. Cloud — Tlio Pnrk — Artificial lake 
— Royal Family — I'rincc de Juiiivillc — llocolloctod snoin^ t'lo Author 
and Collection in Washington — King and Queen of Helgiaiis — The 
regatta — The birch-bark canoe and thi Prince de Joinville's " White- 
haller" — War-dance — Hall-play — Archery — Dinner prepared for the 
Indians — M. Gudin and the xVuthor join them — Indians' return — Gossip 
at night — Their ideas of the King and Royal Family — Messenger from 
the King, with gold and silver medals and money, to the Indians — The 
War-chief cures a cancer — Author's Collection in the Halle dr Srance, 
in the Louvre — The Indians and the Author dine with M. I'assy, Member 
of Deputies — Kind treatment by himself and lady — King visits the 
Collection in the Louvre — The Author explains his jiictures — Persons 
present — An hour's visit — Tiie King retires — 'Second visit of the King 
and Royal Family to the Collection — The Author's four little children 
presented to the King — His Majesty relates the anecdote of bleeding 
himself in America, and his visit to General Washington at Mount 
Vernon — Ilis descent of the Ohio and Mississi|)pi rivers, in i small boat, 
to New Orleans — Orders ihe Author to paint fifteen pictures for Ver- 

The day, which had arrived, for our visit to the King at St. 
Cloud, was a pleasant one, and, all the party being ready, 
we went off in good spirits ; and on our arrival our car- 
riages were driven into the Royal Park, and conducted to a 
lovely spot on the bank of an artificial lake, where there 
were a considerable number of persons attached to the 
Court already assembled to see the Indians ; and in the lake, 
at their feet, a beautiful birch-bark canoe from their own 
tribe, belonging to the Duchess of Orleans, and by the side 
of it an elegant regatta-boat, belonging to the Prince de 
Joinville, with " White Ilall,^ in large letters, on her sides, 
showing that she was a native of New York. 

The Indians had been told that they were to paddle one 
of their own canoes for the amusement of the Royal Family, 


< I 





hf' • 

It i''- \ 

but luid not as yd drcauHul that thoy wiTc to cojjti'iid (or 
s|k'im1 with a rull-maniu'd *" ll'liitr-Ilalln-^'' in a trial Cor HjK'cd, 
hcforo two kings and two queens and all of the Royal Family. 

•Just learning this fact, and seeing the coniplenient of men 
in blue jackets and tarpaulin hats, in readiness for tno con- 
test, they felt somewhat alarmed. However, I encouraged 
them on, and the appearance of the F^oyal Family and the 
King and Queen of the Helgians, in their carriages, at the 
next moment, changed the subject, and their ahirms were 
aj)parently forgotten. 

Their Majesties, and all of the two Royal Families, de- 
scended from their carriaws, and, gathering around the 
Indians in a group, listened to each one's name as thoy 
were in turn presented. {Plato No. I*.).) 

Louis Phillipe, and also the King of the Belgians, con- 
versed for some time with the chiefs, while her Majesty and 
the other ladies seemed more amused with the women, anil 
the little pappoose, in its beautifully embroidered cradle, 
slung on its mother's back. 

After this conversation and an examination of their cos- 
tumes, weapons, &c., the targets were placed, and an exhi- 
bition of their skill in archery ensued. And after that, 
taking uj) their ball-sticks, "the ball was tossed," and they 
soon illustrated the surprising mode of catching and throw- 
ing the ball with their rackets v.i '• ball-sticks." 

This illustration being finished, they sounded the war- 
whoop, and brandished their shields and tomahawks and 
war-clubs in the war-dance, which their Majesties had ex- 
pressed a desire to sec. {Plate No. 20.) 

Every member of the two Royal Families happened to he 
present, I was told, on this occasion — a very unusual occur- 
rence ; and all had descended from their carriages, and 
grouped in a beautiful laun, to witness the wild bports of 
these sons of the forest. I was called upon at that moment 
to explain the meaning of the war-dance, war-song, war- 
whoop, &.C., for doing which I received the thanks of all the 
party, which gave me peculiar satisfaction. 


oy wiTc to contt'TuI (or 
V/-," ill !i trial for h|k'i'(I, 
ill of till' Koyal Family. 
;lu» complement of mi-ii 
11 readiness for tne con- 
lowever, I encourajifed 
Royal Family and the 
their carriages, at the 
md their ahirms were 

Royal Families, de- 
gathering around the 
h one's name as they 

: of the Belgians, con- 
while her Majesty and 
d with the women, and 
ily embroidered tradlo, 

amination of their cos- 
■0 placed, and an exhi- 
ued. And after that, 

was tossed," and they 

)f catching and throw- 

ley sounded the war- 
and tomahawks and 

leir Majesties had ex- 


amilies happened to be 

-a very unusual oecur- 

their carriages, and 
less the wild bports of 

upon at that moment 
dance, war-song, war- 

1 the thanks of all the 





11 f 



>-■ :l 

J. V , 

6tt 111 







IliH: i 


{'11 : 

vV ' 

ill I 

■' \ i 






The King at this time announced to the chief that he 
wished to see' how they paddled the birch canoe, that he had 
two American canoes, which they had put into the water ; 
one was a canoe, he said, made of birch-bark by their own 
tribe, the Ojibbeways, and had belonged to his son, the 
Duke of Orleans; and the other, now bclonsrins to the 
Prince de Joinville, was made in the city of New York ; 
and he was anxious to be able to decide which could make 
the best canoe, the white men or the Indians. 

The whole party now assembled on the shore, and the 
sailors and the Indians took their seats in their respective 
boats, with oars and paddles in hand, and the race soon took 
place. {Plate No. 21.) It was a very exciting scene, but it 
seemed to be regretted by all that the Indians were beaten, 
but which I think might not have been the case if they had 
put two in their canoe instead of four, sinking it so deep as 
to impede its progress ; or if they had put two squaws into 
it instead of the men, as they are in the Indian country 
much superior to the men in paddling canoes. 

I had much conversation on this occasion with H.R.H. 
the Prince de Joinville relative to the Indian modes and 
his . avels in America, when he recollected to have seen 
me and my collection in Washington city. 

Whilst these amusements were thus going on, my friend 
M. Gudin had prepared his canvas and easel near the 
ground, where he was busily engaged in painting the group, 
and of which he made a charming picture for the King. 

These curious and amusing scenes altogether lasted about 
two hours, after which their Majesties and all took leave, 
the King, the Queen, and the Duchess of Orleans succes- 
sively thanking me for the interesting treat I had afforded 
them. Their carriages were then ordered to drive back 
empty, and all the royal party were seen strolling amidst 
the forest towards the Palace. 

The Indians and ourselves were soon seated in our car- 
riages, and, being driven to a wing of the palace, were 
informed that a feast was prepared for us, to which we were 

VOL. II, u 




4'^: ii 

m':^^ 1 

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'I- I 



conducted, and soon found our g-ood friend M. Gudin hy 
our side, who took a seat and joined us in it. The healths 
of the King and tlie Queen and the little Count d» Paris 
were drunk in the best of chichahohhoo, and from that wc- 
returned, and all in good glee, to our quarters in the city. 

The reader by this time knows that this interview afforded 
the Indians a rich subject for Avecks of gossip in their 
leisure hours, and charged their minds with a burthen of 
impatience to know what communications there might yet 
be from the King, as they had heard that gold and silver 
medals and presents of other descriptions were sent to the 
loways after their interview. 

They proceeded with their exhibitions, as usual, how- 
ever, and on the second day after the interview there came 
a messenger from the King with medals of gold for the two 
chiefs, and silver ones for each of the others of the party, 
and also 500 francs in money, which was handed to the head 
chief, and, as in the former instances, equally divided 
amongst them. 

This completed all their anxieties, and finished (he 
grandest epoch of the poor fellov/s' lives, and of which they 
will be sure to make their boasts as long as they live, and 
give me some credit for bringing it about — 'their prescntii- 
tion to the Kings and Queens of France and Belgium. 

A curious occurrence took place a few days after this, as 
I learned on inquiring the object for which two ladies and 
a gentleman were in daily attendance on the Indians, and 
occasionally taking the War-chief away for an hour or two 
in their carriage and bringing him back again. Daniel 
told me that the young lady, who was one of the party, had 
dreamed that Say-say-gon could cure a cancer on the face 
of her father, which had baffled all the skill of the medical 
faculty and was likely to terminate his life ; and in conse- 
quence of her dream, the relatives and herself were calling 
on him to induce him to make the attempt, which he had 
engaged in, and in their daily drives with iiim thoy were 
taking him to the Garden of Plants and tc various parts of 


1 friend M. Gudin l.y 

us in it. 'I'lic healths 

e little Count d» Paris 

>boo, and from that \\v 

quarters in the city. 

this interview afforded 

;lvs of gossip in their 

linds with a burthen of 

:ations there might yet 

rd that gold and silver 

)ti'jns were sent to the 

sitions, as usual, how- 
e interview there came 
dais of gold for the two 
the others of the party, 
was handed to the head 
anccs, equally divided 

cties, and finishe*! the 
lives, and of which they 
s long as they live, and 

about — their ])resenta- 
xnce and Belgium, 
a few days after this,, as 
or which two ladies and 
ce on the Indians, and 
way for an hour or two 
m back again. Daniel 
IS one of the party, had 
re a cancer on the face 
the skill of the medical 

his life ; and in consc- 
and herself were callinij 
I attempt, which he had 
vcs with him they were 

and tc various parts of 




u t 

• I 




mt ! 


* !■,. 



tlio fountry, where he was sejirchuip; lor a ])art icuhir kind 
of herl) or root, with which he felteotilliUnl, he could cure it. 
Those visits were continued lor some weeks, and 1 was 
inl'onned by Daniel and by the Indians that he succee(U'd 
in elTecting the cure, and that they handsomely rewarchd 
him for it. 

About this time, my lease ex]»irin<>', I closed my exhibi- 
tion, removiu})^ my collection to tlie Su/fr tfc Sniiirc, in the 
Louvre, where Daniel and I soon arran}»ed it for the ins])e(;- 
tion of the King and Royal Family; and it beiuf^- ready, 1 
met his Majesty in it by appointment to explain its contents 
to him. 

The King entered at the hour a])pointed, with four or 
five of his orderly ollicers about him, and, on casting his 
eyes around the room, his first exclamation was that of sur- 
prise at its unexpected extent and picturesque ell'ect. 

My friend M. Vattemare, and also another friend, Maj. 

Poore, from the United States, were by my side, and greatly 

amused and pleased with the remarks made by the King 

during the interview, rehitivc to my painting s, and also to 

incidents of his life amcmgst the Indians of America duiing 

liis exile. His Majesty soon recognised the picture of an 

Indian ball-play, and several other scenes he had witnessed 

on the American frontier, and repeatedly remarked that my 

paintings all had the strong im])ress of nature in them, and 

were executed with much spirit and effect. He seemed 

])loascd and amused with the various Indian numufactures, 

and particularly with the beautiful Crow wigwam from tlu? 

llocky Mountains standing in the middle of the room, the 

door of which 1 opened for his Majesty to pass under. 

After his visit of half an hour he retired, a])pointing 
another interview, telling me that the Queen must see the 
collection with him, and also commanding the director of 
the Louvre to admit my little children to his presence, 
having heard of their misfortune of losing their mother, for 
which he felt much sympathy. 
At the time apj)ointed, a few days after, 1 mt.t his Ma- 

u 2 

■1 \. 

I : 








jesty again, with a number of his illustrious friends, in mj* 
collection ; anJ after he had taken them around the room 
awhile to describe familiar scenes which he had met there 
on his former visit, I continued to explain other paintings 
and Indian manufactures in the collection. {Plate No. 22.) 

In the midst of our tour around the hall his Majesty met 
something that again reminded him of scenes he had witnessed 
in his rambling life in the backwoods of America, and he 
held us still for half an hour during his recitals of them. 
He described the mode in which he and his two brothers de- 
scended the Ohio and Mississippi rivers in an old Mackinaw 
boat which they purchased at Pittsburg, and in which they 
made their way amongst snags and sawyers and sandbars 
to the mouth of the Ohio, six hundred miles, and from that 
down the still more wild and dangerous current of the Mis- 
sissippi, one thousand miles, to New Orleans, fifty-two years 
ago, when nearly the whole shores of these rivers, with their 
heavy forests, were in their native state, inhabited only by 
Indians and wild beasts. They lived upon the game and 
fish they could kill or purchase from the various tribes of 
Indians they visited along the banks, and slept sometimes 
in their leaking and rickety boat, or amongst the canebrake, 
and mosquitos, and alligators, and rattlesnakes on the shores. 

I took the liberty to ask his Majesty on this occasion 
whether the story that has been current in the American 
prints "of an Indian bleeding him " was correct; to which 
he replied, " No, not exactly ; it had been misunderstood. 
He had bled himself on one occasion in presence of some 
Indians and a number of country people, when he had been 
thrown out of his waggon, and carried, much injured, to a 
country inn ; and the people around him, seeing the ease 
and success with which he did it, supposed him, of course, 
to be a physician ; and when he had suflicicntly recovered 
from Lis fall to be able to start on his tour aa'ain, the neijjh- 
bours assembled around him and proposed that he should 
abandon his plan of going farther west ; that if he would 
remain amongst them they would show him much better 


ustrious friends, in my 
;hcm around the roum 
lich he had met there 
xplain other paintings 
iction. {Plate No. 2-2.) 
le hall his Majesty met 
scenes he had witnessed 
ids of America, and he 
2: his recitals of them. 
,nd his two brothers de- 
LTS in an old Mackinaw 
urg, and in which they 
sawyers and sandbars 
3d miles, and from that 
)us current of the Mis- 
Orleans, fifty-two years 
these rivers, with their 
state, inhabited only by 
ed upon the game and 
11 the various tribes of 
:s, and slept sometimes 
amongst the cancbrake, 
ttlesnakes on the shores. 
ijesty on this occasion 
rrent in the American 
was correct ; to whit h 
d been misunderstood. 
)n in presence of some 
jple, when he had been 
ied, much injured, to a 
1 him, seeing the ease 
ipposed him, of course, 
d sufficiently recovered 
3 tour again, the neigh- 
roposed that he should 
svcst ; that if he would 
how him much better 



;t' . f 


■J. •'■■ 




Iff- I- 




land than he would find by proccocling on, and thi'}' would also 
elect him county physician, which they stood much in nccil 
of, and in which capacity he would meet no opjwsition. He 
thanked them for their kindness, assuring them that he was 
not a physician, and also that he was not in search of lands, 
and, taking leave, drove oflT." 

He also gave an account of their visit to General Wash- 
ington at Mount Vernon, where they remained several days. 
General Washington gave them directions about the route 
to follow in the journey they were about to nuikc across the 
Alleghany Mountains on horseback, and gave them also 
several letters of introduction to be made use of on their way. 

While we were thus listening to the narrations of his 
Majesty, my kind and faithful nurse was approaching from 
the other end of the room and leading up my little children 
[Plate No. 22), v/hom he immediately recognised as my 
little family, and in the most kind and condescending 
manner took them by their hands and chatted with them in 
language and sentences suited to their age. 

His next object was to designate the paintings he wished 
me to copy and somewhat enlarge, and soon pointed out 
the number of fifteen, which T was commanded to paint for 
the palace at Versailles. 

During the time that my collection was thus remaining 
in the Louvre many distinguished persons about the Court 
had access to it, and amongst the num ber an excellent and 
kind lady, Madame Passy, the wife of one of the distin- 
guished members of the House of Deputies. This charm- 
ing lady sought an acquaintance with the Indians also, and, 
takmg a deep interest in their ciiaructer and situation, in- 
vited them all to dine at her house, where they were treated 
with genuine kindness and liberality, which they will never 

' 'I 





( -'''1 ) 





Till! Aiitlior leaves liis Collection in the Loiivrc, and arrives with the Indiuiis 
in Unixellcs — Indians at the soiree of the Amoriean Minister in Hriixellcs 
— Author's reception by the King in the Pulaco — Small-pox among the 
Indians^Indians unul)ie to visit the Palace — Exhibition closes — Seven 
sick with small-pox — Death of one of them — His will— A second dies— 
His will — The rest recover — Faithful attentions of Daniel — The Author 
accompanies them to Antwerp, and pays their expenses to London on a 
steamer — Death of the War-chief in London — His will — The Aiitiior 
raises money I)y subscription and sends to them — Letter from the sur- 
vivors, in England, to the Author — Drawinn^s by the War-chief — The 
Author stopi)ed in the streets of London and invited to see the skeleton 
of the War-chief! — His indignation — Subse(|uent deaths of four others ol 
this party in England — The three parties of Indians in Europe— Their 
objects — Their success — Their conduct — Their reception and trea'nieiit— 
Things which they saw and learned — Estimates and statistics of civilized 
life which they have carried home — Their mode of reasoning from such 
premises — And the probable results. 

During the time that my collection was exposed to the ex- 
clusive views of the lloyal Family and their guests the 
Indians were lying still, at my expense, which was by no 
means a trifling item. The young man whom I said thoy 
were under a contract with to pay them so much per inontli 
had pcrftn-mcd his agreement with them for the two first 
months, and when the third month's wages became duo he 
declared to them and to me that he could not pay them, nor 
])ay their expenses back to I^ondon, as he was obligated to 
do. These duties then devolved on me, or at least, the 
Indians having been so long under my control and direction, 
I assumed them, and told the chiefs I would pay their 
cx])enses to London, and ])robably make something for 
them on the way, after my exhibition in the Louvre was 




'I'licy wore thus iyin<;- idlt- at this time, \vaitnij>- for me to 
1)0 at lilnTty to ^o with thcni, and, as 1 have said, liviiij;- at 
my expense. 1 tohl them tluit I desi<:;ned ^oin^ by the way 
of IJelj^ium, and njakiiif; their exhibitions in IJnixelles, 
An«,wer]), and Ghent I'or a few weeks, the whoU' receipts of 
which, over the expenses, they bhouhl have, and I Tiilly 
believed it wo\dd l»o suHlcient to ]>ay their expenses (|uite 
home to their own country ; and tliat I wc'vdd also, as I had 
])romised, jjay all their ex])enses from Paris to Lond(m myself 
With this desii;n and with these views, leaving my col- 
lection in the I^ouvre, I started with the Indians for 
Bruxelles, where we arrived the next evening-. 

\Vc were all delii^hted with the apjjcarance of Bruxelles, 
and the Indians in fine glee, in the fresh rccoUcctitms of the 
lumours just paid them in Paris, and the golden jnospect 
which they considered now lay before them. But little 
did they dream, poor Cellows ! of the different fate that 
there awaited them. While resting a few days, pre])aring 
for the commencement of their exhibitions, they were kindly 
invited, with the author, to attend the soiree of the 
American Minister. Mr. Clemson, where they were ushered 
into a brilliant and numerous crowd of distinguished and 
fiishionable people, and seemed to be the lions of the 
evening, admired and complimented by all, and their way 
was thus paved for the commencement of their exhibitions. 
I had in the mean time made all the preparations and the 
necessary outlays for their operations, which they merely 
hofi^an upon, when it became necessary to suspend their 
exhibitions, owing to one of the number having been taken 
sick with the small-pox. 

I had at this time an audience a])pointcd with the King, 
at the Palace, where I went and was most kindly received 
and amused in half an hour's conversation with His Majesty 
about the condition and modes of the American Indians. 
He expressed the deepest sym])athy for them and solicitude 
lor their welfare and protection, and, a few days after my 
audience, transmitted to me, through one of his minister."., 

i ! 





.»! ^:^i 



a beautiful gold medal, with an appropriate inscri^jtion 
on it. 

The nature of the sickness that had now appeared 
amongst the Indians prevented the contemplated interview 
at the Palace, and also all communication with the public. 
It was still hoped by the physicians that a few days would 
remove all difficulty, but it was destined to be otherwise, 
^for in a few days two others were attacked, and in a day or 
two more another and another, and at last they were in 
that ])itiable and alarming state that seven of them were on 
their backs with that awful and (to them) most fatal of all 

My I'osition then, as the reader will perceive, was one of 
a most distressing and painful kind, with my naturr^ sym- 
pathy for their race, and now with the whole responsibility 
for the expenses, lives, and welfare of these poor people on 
my shoulders, their only friend and protector in a foreign 
country, as their conductor had left them and returned to 
London, and my own life in imminent danger whilst I was 
attending on them. 

One of these poor fellows died in the course of a few 
days in their rooms, another died in one of the hospitals to 
which he was removed, and a third died a few days after 
they reached London, though he was in good health when 
he travelled across the Channel. 

Such were ihc melancholy results of this uwful catastrophe, 
which the reader will easily see broke up all their plans of 
exhibitions in Belgium, and ended in the death of three of 
the finest men of the party. 

Their sickness in Bruxelles detained ine there near two 
months before the survivors were well enough to travel, 
during which gloomy time I had opportunity enough to 
test the fidelity of my man Daniel and his attachment to 
the Indians, who stayed by them night and day, fearless of 
his own danger, as he lifted them about in his arms in their 
loathsome condition both when dead and alive. 

\\'hen the party were well enough to travel I went to 



ipropriate inscription 

it danger whilst I was 

Antwerp with thorn, and placed them on a steamer for 
London, having paid their fare and given them a little 
money to cover their first expenses when they should arrive 
there. I then took leave of them, and returned to my 
little family in Paris, having been absent near three months, 
with an expenditure of 35U/. 

With the poor fellows who died there seemed to be a 
presentiment with each, the moment he was broken out 
with the disease, that he was to die, and a very curious cir- 
cumstance attended this conviction in each case. 

The first one, when he found the disease was well iden- 
tified on him, sat down upon the floor with the next one, his 
faithful and confiding friend, and, having very deliberately 
told him he was going to die, unlocked his little trunk, and 
spreading all his trinkets, money, &c., upon the floor, be- 
queathed them to his friends, making the other the sole 
executor of his will, intrusting them all to him, directing 
him to take them to his country and deliver them with his 
own hand. As he was intrusting these precious gifts, with 
his commands, to an Indian, he was certain, poor fellow ! 
that they would be sacredly preserved and delivered, and 
he then locked his little trunk, and, having given to his 
friend the key, he turned to his bed, where he seemed com- 
posed and ready to die, because, he said, it was the will of 
the Great Spirit, and he didn't think that the Great 
Spirit would have selected him unless it was to better his 
condition in some way. 

About the time of the death of this young man his con- 
fiding and faithful friend was discovered to be breaking out 
with the disease also, and, seeming to be under a similar 
conviction, he called Say-say-yon (the War-chief) to him, 
and, like the other, unlocked his little trunk, and, taking 
out his medal from the King, and other presents and money, 
he designated a similar distribution of them amongst his 
relatives; and trusting to the War-chief to execute his will, 
he locked his trunk, having taken the last look at his little 
hard-earned treasures, and, unlocking that of his deceased 

If f 



M". .', 

t r *' - i i ! 


'11 • W 


ii ' 




companion, and dcsifj^natiiif^, as well as he could, the manner 
in which the verbal instructions had been left with liim, 
gave the key to the War-chief, and l)ej^ged of him to take 
charge of the trunk and the yiresents, and to see thcui 
bestowed according to tlie will of the testator. After this 
he turned away from his little worldly treasures, and sud- 
denly lost all knowledge of them in the distress of the awlul 
disease that soon terminated his existence. 

The War-chief was one who escaped the disease in 
Bruxelles, and, being amongst those whom I took to Ant- 
werp and sent by steamer to Londim, was at that time in 
good health and spirits ; but letters which 1 received a few 
days after their arrival in London informed me that he was 
there attacked with the same disease, and, most singular to 
relate, as soon as he discovered the disease breaking out 
upon his skin, he said that he should die, and, calling the 
chief Mmui-gua-dans to him, he, like the others, opened //« 
trunk, und, willing his gold medal from the hand of Louis 
Philippe, to his little son, and his other trinkets and nuiney 
to his wife and other relatives, intrusted the whole to the 
chief to execute. He then unlocked the trunks of his two 
friends who were dead, and, as well as he could recoiled 
them, communicated to Majin-fjiia-dans the nature of the 
two bequests that had been intrusted to him, and died, 
leaving the chiei^ to be the bearer of all the little efTecls 
they had earned, and sole executor of their three wills. 

It is a fact which may be of interest to be made known, that 
all of this party had been vaccinated in their own country, 
and supposed themselves protected from the disease ; and 
also that the only three full-blooded men of the party died. 
The other four who had the disease had' it in a nu)dilied 
form, and, in all probability, with the three who died, the 
vaccine matter had not been pro])erly communicated, or, 
what is more ])robable, and often the case in the exposed 
lives they lead, it had in some way been prevented from 
taking its usual effect. 

After their misfortunes in llelgiuni and in London the 




m and in London the 

(-xcdlrnt lady of the American Ambassador in Bruxellcs 
liiiscd, by a subscriptiini, several hundrc<l francs and sent 
to me in Paris, to whicli I jrot other additions in that city, 
iind forwarded to th-m in EngUind, to assist in payinfr 
their ex])enses back to their own country ; and shortly al'ter, 
and before they embarked for America, I received the fol- 
lowing letter from them, which I feel it my duty to myself 
to insert here, lest any one should be led to lielieve that 1 
did less than my duty to these unfortunate ])eo]de : — 

" 'J\> (Jko., Es(|., now in l*ai'is. 
" ()i;b dear Fkiknu, " London, Jan. 27, 1H4G. 

" Wo send you our words on j)aj)or to hit you know that we aro 
lliankful for your kindness to us. You liavc done ovcrything to niako us 
liii])])y wliilo with you in Paris and nd^iutn ; and as all our people know in 
America that you arc inch'ed tiujir host f'ri<>nd, they will hv. j^Iad to hear 
tliat you liavo taken us into your kind care whilst we were in a foreign lanil, 
ami that while you were in a deep afHietion with your own laniily. 






The above letter was s])ontaneous on their ])art, and 
written in the hand of 3Iniin.-f/n(i-(lans, the chief, who spoke 
luid wrote the English language very correctly. 

1 was much shocked and distressed to hear of the death 
of Sai/-saij-f/on, the War-chief, for he was a remarkably fine 
Indian, and had become much attached to me. His life, as 
a warrior and a hunter, had been one of an extraordinary 
nature, and the principal incidents of it, particularly in the 
hunting dej)artment, he had been for some weeks engaged, 
just before their disastrous sickness, in illustrating by a 
scries of designs in his rude way, presenting me a [lortfolio 
ol'them, with the story of each, whicii I wrote down from his 
own lips as he narrated them. 

This most amusing and original k('e])sake, which 1 shall 
treasure up as long as I live, and which I regret that the 
dimensions of this work did ncjt allow mc the space to insert, 

W -'f 









,(i f 

»i: n 



» r ' 





can at all times be seen by the curious of my friends who 
desire to see it. 

For the amusement of the reader, however, I have made 
room for a couple of his drawings, which will convey some 
idea of their general character, and of the decided clever- 
ness of this good fellow at story-telling and design. The 
woodcuts are traced from the originals, and are therefore as 
near fac-similes as I could make them. Plate No. 23 re- 
presents Pane-tcay-ee-tung, the brother-in-law of Say-say-gon, 
crossing the river Thomas in a bark canoe, who had the 
following curious and amusing encounter with a bear which 
he met swimming in the middle of the river. Though the 
Indian had no other weapon than a paddle, he pursued the 
bear, and, overtaking it, struck it a blow, upon which it 
made an effort to climb into the canoe, by which the canoe 
was upset and the Indian sank under it. He arose to the 
surface, however, just behind the canoe, which in its pro- 
gress had passed over him, and, being bottom upwards, the 
bear had climbed upon it, as seen in the sketch, and, having 
seen the man sink under it, was feeling under the canoe 
with his paws in hopes of getting hold of him. The bear, 
having made no calculation for the progress of the canoe, 
had not thought of looking behind it for his enemy, but 
balanced himself with difficulty without being able to look 
back ; and whilst he was thus engaged feeling for his enemy 
under the canoe the Indian silently swam behind it, and, 
cautiously pushing it forward with his hand, succeeded in 
moving it near the shore, where he discovered his friend 
Say-say-gon hunting with his rifle, who was in waiting for 
it, and when near enough shot it in the head. 

Plate. No. 24 is his illustration of the first interview 
between white men and the Ojibbeway Indians ; his descrip- 
tion of it is as follow s : — 

'* Gitch-ee-gaw-ga-osh (the point that remains for ever), who died many 
snows since, and who was so old that he had smoked with three generations, 
said that his grandfather, On-daig, met the first white man who ever entered 
an Ojibbeway's wigwam. That white man was a great chief, who wore a red 
coat. He had nany warriors with him, who all came in sight of the village 


rious of my friends who 

however, I have made 
which will convey some 
of the decided clever- 
lling and design. The 
lis, and are therefore as 
tiem. Plate No. 23 re- 
jr-in-law of Say-say-gon, 
rk canoe, who had the 
inter with a bear which 
;he river. Though the 
paddle, he pursued the 
a blow, upon which it 
oe, by which the canoe 
er it. He arose to the 
anoe, which in its pro- 
g bottom upwards, the 
the sketch, and, having 
eling under the canoe 
)ld of him. The bear, 
progress of the canoe, 
L it for his enemy, hut 
out being able to look 
d feeling for his enemy 
' swam behind it, and, 
liis hand, succeeded in 

discovered his friend 
vho was in waiting for 
lie head. 

of the first interview 
-y Indians ; his dcscrip- 

ns for ever), who died many 
oked with three generations, 
t white man who ever entered 
I great chief, who wore a red 
1 came in sight of the viiliige 



i , 



- ' 






.1 ^ 






K* ■ 

aM' ' 


• 1 Mi: 



!,■■ , 


' ! 

B llni'''' M 


itlifl ■ 


> i* 


i !■ i : 



o{Ondaitj (the crow), and, leaving his warriors behind, he walked towards 
the wigwam of On-daitj, w lio came out, with his pipe of peace in one hand, 
and his war-club in the other. On-daig offered his pipe to the white chief 
to smoke, who put his sword behind him in one hand, and raised his hat 
with the other. On-daiy never had seen a white man's hat before, and, 
thinking tho white chief was going to strike him with it, drew his war- 
club. They soon, however, understood each other, and smoked the pipe 

But a few months after the death of this fine Indian I 
was on a visit to London, and while walking in Piccadilly 
was accosted by an old acquaintance, who "n our conversa- 
tion informed me that the skeleton of my old friend tlie 
War-chief had been preserved, and he seemed to think it 
might be an interesting thing for me to see. The struggle 
between the ebullition of indignation and the quiescence of 
disgust rendered me for the moment almost unfit for a 
reply ; and I withheld it for a moment, until the poor Indian's 
ideas of hysenas before described had time to run through 
my mind, and some other similar reflections, when I calmly 
replied, " I have no doubt but the skeleton is a subject of 
interest, but I shall not have time to see it." 

My friend and I parted here, and I went on through 
Piccadilly, and I know not where, meditating on the virtues 
of scientific and mercenary man. I thought of the heroic 
Osceola, who was captured when he waT disarmed and was 
bearing a white flag in his hand; who died a prisoner of war, 
and whose head was a few months afterwards offered for sale 
in the city of New York ! I thought also of the thousands 
of Indian graves I had seen on the frontier thrown open 
by sacrilegious hands for the skulls and trinkets they en- 
closed, to which the retiring relatives were lurking back to 
take the last glance of, and to mingle their last tears 
over, with the horror of seeing the bones of their fathers 
and children strewed over the ground by hands too averse 
to labour and too ruthless to cover them again. 

I was here forcibly struck with the fitness of Jim's re- 
marks about the hyaenas, of " their resemblance to Chemo- 
Itimons or pale-faces," when I told him that thoy liv'ed by 

■ •■J 

J ^ 

\ '• 

1,1 ■ ^ n 






digglnjjf uj) and devouring bodies tiiat had been consignt( 
to tl»e grave. 

I thought also of the distress of mind of the LittK 
Wolf when he lost his child at Dundee — of his olijw 
tions to bury it in a foreign land ; and also of tlie duuhlr 
parg with which the fine fellow suffered when dire necessity 
comj)elled him to leave the body of his affectionate wile 
amidst the graves of the thousands whose limbs and bones 
were no curiosity. And I could thus appreciate the carnost- 
noss with which, in his last embrace of me in Paris, ho 
desired me to drive every day in a cal>, as he had been in 
the habit of doing, to the cemetery of Montmartre, to sec 
that no one disturbed the grave of her whom he had loved 
but was then to leave ; and that I should urge his Idnd 
friend M. Vattemare to hasten the completion of the beauti- 
ful monument he was getting made, that it might be sure 
to be erected over her grave before she might be dug uj). 

With regard to the remainder of the party of Ojibbe- 
ways whom I have said I had advised to return as soon as 
possible to their own country, I am grieved to inform tlic 
reader that, from letters from several friends in England, 1 
have learned that the chief has persisted in travel' ng 
through various parts of the kingdom, making his exhibi- 
tions of Indian life during the last year, and has had the 
singular and lamentable misfortune of burying three of his 
children and his wife ! 

These, being facts, show a loss of seven out of twelve of 
that party, affording a shocking argument against the pro- 
priety o( persons bringing Indians to Europe with a view 
to making their exhibitions a just or profitable speculation. 

Three of the former party died while under my direction, 
as I have described in the foregoing pages ; and a noble fine 
Indian, by the name of Jock-o-sot, of the Sac tribe, brought 
to England by a Mr. Wallace about the same time, was 
dying, and died on his way home, from causes he mot in 
this country ; making the melancholy list of eleven who 
lost their lives in the space of eighteen months. 


that had been consigned 

of mind of the Little 

Dundee — of his ohjei- 

and also of the douhU- 

fercd when dire necessity 

of his affectionate wile 
s whose limhs and hoius 
us appreciate the eavnost- 
iracc of mc in Paris, he 
a cal), as he had been in 
y of Montmartrc, to sec 
: her whom he had lovod, 
t I should urge his kind 

completion of the bcauti- 
Ic, that it might be sure 
e she might be dug up. 

of the party of Ojibbo- 
ised to return as soon us 
im grieved to inform tiic 
3ral friends in England, 1 
4 persisted in travcr-'ig 
^dom, making his cxliibi- 
year, and has had the 
le of burying three of his 

of seven out of twelve of 
Tumcnt against the pro- 

to Europe with a view 
or profitable speculation. 
while under my direction, 
r pages ; and a noble fine 
of the Sac tribe, brought 
)out the same time, was 

from causes ho met in 
choly list of eleven who 
iteen months. 


;}0;j are facts which bring t!u> reader's mind, as well as 
that of the author, to iiupiire what were the objects of these 
|iiirties in England — how they came here — and what their 
success, as well as what will be the results that will jfrobably 
llow from them. Each of these speculations has undoubtedly 
been projected by the white men who brought the Indians 
over, having c(mceived a plan of employing and taking to 
llurope such jjarties, who would be great curiosities in a 
toreign country, and by their exhibitions enabled to realise 
a iTcat deal of money. 

These ])arties, in each case, have been employed, and in- 
duced to come on condition of a certain sum of money to be 
paid them per month, or so much per year, to be given them 
on their return to their own country, with the additional 
advantage of having all their expenses borne, and them- 
selves entitled to all the numerous presents they would 
receive during their travels. 

As I have been with each of these parties the greater 
part of the time while they were making their exhibitions, 
1 feel quite sure that this last condition of their engage- 
ments has been strictly kept with them, and that by it the 
Indians ])rofitcd to a considerable amount from the kind 
and charitable hands of ])eoplc whom they were amusing. 
But how far they have been benefited by the other con- 
ditions of their engagements, after they have returned to 
their homes, I am unable to tell. 

As for their reception by the public generally where 
they have travelled, and their conduct whilst amongst and 
dealing with the world, it gives me great pleasure, as a 
living witness, to tender to that public my grateful acknow- 
ledgments for the kindness and friendship with which they 
received those unsophisticated people ; and in justice to the 
Indians, as well as for the satisfaction of those who knew 
them, to acknowledge the perfect propriety of their conduct 
and dignity of deportment whilst they were abroail. 

There were of the three parties thirty-five in nil, and I 
am proud, for the character of the abused race whici 1 am 





f 1-1 



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yot advocating, that, for the year and a half that I was daiU 
and hourly in familiarity with thorn in Europf, I never djs- 
eovcrod either of them intoxicated, or in a ])as.sion with one 
another, or with the world. They met the people, and all 
the wondrous and unaccountable works which their eyes 
were daily opened to in the enlightened world, with an even- 
ness of temper and ap])arent ease and familiarity which 
surprised all who saw them. 

Their conduct was uniformly decent and respectful, and 
through their whole tour, whilst abroad, they furnished a 
stiiking corroboration of two of the leading traits of their 
national character, which I have advanced in my former 
work, of their strict adhcrancc to promises they make, and 
of their never-ending garrulity and anecdote when, in thoir 
little fireside circles, they arc out of the embarrassing "•azc 
of the enlightened world, who are wiser than themselves. 

For these nightly gossips, which generally took place in 
their private apartments after the labours of the day were 
done and the pipe was lit, the excitements of the day, and 
the droll and marvellous things they had seen in their 
exhibition-room and in the streets of London and Paris, 
afforded them the endless themes ; and of these little sittings 
I was almost an inseparable member, as will have been seen 
by many anecdotes entered in the pages which the reader 
has already passed over. 

It will be pleasing therefore to the reader, at least to 
those who felt an interest in those poor people, to learn, 
that, though they might have been objects of concern and 
pity whilst making a show of themselves in this country, 
they were, nevertheless, happy, and in the height of amuse- 
ments, philosophically enjoying life as they went along; 
and to those who know me, and feel any anxiety for my 
welfare, that, although I was aiding them in a mode of liv- 
ing to which I was always opposed, I was happy in their 
society, and also in the belief that I was rendering them an 
essential service, although my labours were much less suc- 
cessful as regarded my own pecuniary interest. 


I a half that I was diiil) 
in Europe, I never dis- 
ur in a |)a8si()n with one 
met the people, and all 
works which their eyes 
ned world, with ancvcn- 
! and familiarity which 

;ent and respectful, and 
broad, they furnished a 
e leading traits of their 
advanced in my former 
promises they make, and 
1 anecdote when, in their 
►f the embarrassing jjaze 
viser than themselves, 
generally took place in 
labours of the day were 
sitcments of the day, and 
they had seen in their 
of London and Paris, 
,nd of these little sittings 
r, as will have been seen 
pages which the reader 

the reader, at least to 
kc poor people, to learn, 
objects of concern and 
isclvcs in this country, 
in the height of amuse- 
|fc as they went along; 
feci any anxiety for my 
Ig them in a mode of liv- 
id, I was happy in their 
ll was rendering them an 
lurs were much less suc- 
iry interest. 


One of the leadinpf inducements for Indiiins to I'liter into 
siicli enterprises, and the one which gains the consent of 
their friends and relations around them, and more parti- 
cularly is advanced to tlie world as the ])lausible motive for 
taking Indians aljroad, is tliat of enlightening them — of 
o|)('ning their eyes to the length and breadth of civilization, 
ami all the inventions and improvements of enlightened 
society. These three ])arties (having uu't their old friend 
and advocate abroad, who has introduced them to the 
hi;;hest society of the world — has led them into three paluces, 
and from those down through every grade of society, and 
into almost every institution and factory of the continent — 
whose eyes and whose ears have been opened to most ol" the 
information and im])rovements of thii enlightened age, and 
who have gone back to relate and to a])]dy, in their own 
country, the knowledge they have gained) will furnish the 
lust argument on record, for or against the projjriety of 
bringing American Indians abroad, as the means of enlight- 
ening them and making them suitable teachers of civiliza- 
tion when they go back to the wilderness. And though the 
pages of this book cannot sum uj) the results of these visits, 
which can only be looked up ultimately in the respective 
tribes to which they have returned, yet a few words more 
upon the materials with which they have returned, and the 
author's opinion (in his familiar knowledge of the Indians' 
mode of reasoning) of their probable results, may not be 
obtrusive, as a sort of recapitulation of scenes and estimates, 
with their tendencies, made in the foregoing pages. 

It is natural, or at least habitual, to suppose that, for the 
ignorant to learn is always to im})rove ; and that what a 
savage people can learn amongst civilized society must he for 
their benefit. But in this view of the case, which would 
generally be correct, there arises a very fair question how 
far, for the benefit of the unenlightened parts of the world, 
it is judicious to acquaint them at a glance, w th the whole 
glare of the lights and shades of civilized life, by opening 
the eyes of such parties to so many virtues and so many 
VOL. ir. X ' 

I > 

r 'T 

P' ■=^- 




f. ■ 'It) 


I f; 






luxuries and refinements so far beyond the possibility o 
their acquiring, and at the sarrio time to so many vices, t( 
so much poverty and beggary not known in their simple 
modes of life, to teach to their people and to descant or 
when they get home ; themselves as well as those whom thcji 
are teaching, despairing of ever attaining to what thej 
have seen to admire and covet, and unwilling to descend to 
the degrading vices and poverty which they have seen 
mixed up in the mysterious and money-making medley of 

If I startle the readers, let them reflect for a moment upon 
what perhaps some of them have never yet exactly appro- 
ciated — that a man, to know how his own house looks, must 
see how the houses of others appear. To know how his own 
city and country actually look, and how his countrymen act 
and live, he should sec how cities and countries look, and 
how people act, in other arts of the world. If he will do 
this, and then leave all civilized countries a while, and the 
din and clatter, and the struggles for wealth amidst the 
rags and vices of the community he has lived in, and taste 
for a time the simple, silent life of the wilderness, he will 
find, on returning to his home, that he has been raised 
amongst u variety of vices and follies which he never hefoie 
had duly appreciated, and will then realise, to a certain 
degree, the view Avhich the savages take of the scenes in 
civilized life when they look into tlie strange medley of 
human existence in our great towns and cities, where all the 
contrasts are before their eyes, of rich and poor, equally 
struggling for wealth or tLc means of ( xistcnce. 

With such eyes were those wild people here to look ; and 
without the cares and hourly and momentary concerns which 
lead the scrambling, busy world through and across the 
streets, blinded to what is about them, the poor but entirely 
independent Indians were c'aily and hourly scanning from 
tho toy of their buss, or the platform of their cxhiliition- 
roorns, the scenes, and manners, and expressions that were 
about them ; and though they looked with unenlightened 



rond the possibility of 
c to so many vices, to 
known in their simple 
aple and to descant on 
veil as those whom they 
ittaining to what they 
unwilling to descend to 
which they have seen 
loney-malving medley of 

•cflect for a moment upon 
tiever yet exactly appro- 
s own house looks, must 
, To know how his own 
I how his countrymen act 
1 and countries look, and 
the world. If he will do 
jountries a while, and the 
;s for wealth amidst the 
le has lived in, and taste 
, of the wilderness, he will 
that he has been raised 
ics which he never before 
chcn realise, to a certain 
ivcs take of the scenes in 
[o 0.e strange medley ot 
is and cities, where all the 

,f rich and poor, equally 
IS of (xistence. 
J people here to look ; and 
momentary concerns which 
1 through and across the 
hem,the poor but entirely 
and hourly scanning from 
form of their cxhibition- 
nd expressions that were 
ioked with unenlightened 



eyes, they saw and correctly appreciated many things in 
London and Paris which the eyes of Londoners and Pari- 
sians scarcely see. They saw their sights and got their 
estimates and statistics, and in the leisure of their inquisi- 
tive and abstracted minds drew deductions which few of 
the business world have leisure or inclination to make ; 
and with all of these they have gone back to be the illus- 
trators and teachers of civilization in the wilderness. 

Each one will be a verbal chronicler, as long as he lives, of 
the events and scenes he witnessed while abroad, and Waslt- 
k-mon-ya for Jim), with his smattering of civilization, and 
his hook of entries, which he will find enough to read and 
translate, will furnish abundance of written evidence for 
them to comment upon to their nation, who will be looking 
to them for information of the secret of civilization. 

The bazaar of toys and trinkets presented to them, with 
the money and medals which they will open to view in the 
wilderness, will glitter in the eyes of their people, and, it is 
to be feared, may be an inducement to others to follow their 

Their Bibles had increased in their various boxes since 
the last census to more than a hundred and fifty ; their rcli- 
pns tracts, which they could not read, to some thousands ; 
their dolls, in all, to fifty ; and other useless toys, to a great 
number. Then came their medals, their grosses of buttons, 
their heads, ribbons, brooches, fans, knives, daggers, combs, pis- 
ti)h, shaicls, blankets, handkerchiefs, canes, umbrellas, beaver hats, 
«i\)f, coats, bracelets, pins, eye-glasses, &c. &c, ; and then their 
prints— views of countries they had seen, of churches, cathe- 
imh, maps of London and Paris, views of bridges, o£ factories, 
0^ roal-pits, of catacombs, of Morgues, &c. &c., to an almost 
lountless number, all to be opened and commented upon, 
and tlien scatterc 1, as the first indications of civilization, 
ill the wilderness. These are but mere toys, however, but 
mgivx^ that will be met as matters of course, and soon 
»l up and lost sight of. But Jim's book of the statistics 
if London, of Paris, and New \oy\, will stand the Magna 

A -^ 

;/ f. 

m I 


) I 

'■fcw r 

-i'l-- \ 

w ^ 






Charta of his nation, and around it will assemble the wis 
acres of the tribe, descanting on and seeking for a soluti 
of the blessings of civilization, as the passing pipe sends < 
its curling fumes, to future ages, over its ; stounding ai 
marvellous estimates of civilized nations^ of cities^ of church 
of courts of justice, and ffaols — of the tens of thousands 
civilized people who are in it recorded (to their amazement) 
blind, as deaf and dumb, and insane ; ofgalloivs and guillotines, 
■massacres and robberies- the number of grog-shops and brei 
eries, of coal-pits, of tread-mills and foundling hospitals, 
poorhouscs and paupers, of beggars and starvation, of brothel 
of p7'i sons for debtors, of rapes, of bigamy, of taxation, of qam 
laics, of Christianitg , of drunkenness, of national debt an 

The estimates of all these subjects have gone to the m 
derness, with what the eyes of the Indians saw of the povert 
and distress of the civilized world, to be taught to the 


taught, and hereafter to be arrayed, if they choose, agaiiis 
the teachings of civilization and Christianity in the India 
communities : a table of the enormous numbers in the civi 
ized world who by their own folly or wici<edncss dra 
through lives of pain and misery, leaving their India 
critics, in the richness of their imaginations, to jud<rc of tli 
immense proportion of the cnliglitened world who, in jui 
retribution, must perish for their crimes and their follies 
and in their ignorance, and the *^iolence of their prejudice 
to imagine what p oportion of them are actually indulijc 
in the comforts of this life, or destined to enjoy the happ 
ness of the world to come. 

Teaching, I have always thought, should be gradual, ar 
but one thing (or at most but few things) taught at a tim 
By all who know me and my views, I am known to be, as 
am, an advocate of civilization ; but of civilization, as it h 
generally been taught amongst the American Indians. 
have a poor opinion ; and of the ])lan I am now treating ( 
of sending parties to foreign countries to see all that can 
seen and learned in civilized life, I have a still poor 


,viU assemble the wise- 
i seeking for a solution 
,c passing pipe sends o\\ 
3ver its ^ stounding and 
tions, of cities, of churches, 
he tens of thousands of 
■d (to their amazement) as 
r of grog-shops and /*reit- 
nd foundling hospitals, of 
md starvation, of i/'o^/je/s, 
r/am?/, of taxation, of. (/amf- 
g5S^ of wafionaZ rfetf and 

•cts have gone to the Nvil- 
Indians saw of the povcTty 
1, to be taught to the un- 
ved if they choose, aganist 

Christianity in the Indian 
•xnous numbers in the civil- 

foUy or wickedness drag 

ery, leaving their Indian 


,vUcned world who, m j^^ 
,r crimes and their follies; 
aolencc of their prejudices 
.hem are actually indulged 
[estined to enjoy the happi- 

.ht, should be gradual, and 
; things) taught at a tun. 
ews, lam known to be a 
but of civilization, as It ha 

.t the American Indians. 
L plan I am now treating of. 

life, 1 bave a siui i> 



opinion, being fully convinced that they learn too much for 
useful teachers in their ovn country. The strides that thoy 
thus take are too great and too sudden for the slow and 
gradual steps that can alone bring man from a savao-e to a 
civilized state. They require absolutely the reverse of what 
they will learn from such teachers. They should, with all 
their natural prejudices against civilized man, be held in 
ignorance of the actual crime, dissipation, and poverty that 
belong to the enlightened world, until the honest ])ioneer, 
in his simple life, with his plough and his hoe, can wile 
them into the mode of raising the necessaries of life, which 
are the first steps from savage to civil, and which they will 
only take when their prejudices against white men arc 
broken down, which is most effectually done by teaching 
them the modes of raising their food and acquiring property. 
I therefore am constrained to give judgment here against 
the propriety of parties of Indians visiting foreign countries 
with a view to enlightening their people when they go back ; 
and here also to register my opinion, for which I am daily 
asked, as to the effects which these visits to Europe will 
have upon the parties who have been abroad, and what im- 
pressions they will make amongst their people when they 

I am sure they saw many things which pleased them and 
gained their highest admiration, and which they might be 
benefited by seeing ; and also that they saw many others 
which it would have been decidedly better they had never 
seen. They have witnessed and appreciated the virtues 
and blessings, and at the same time the vices and miseries 
and degradations of civilized life, the latter of which will 
doubtless have made the deepest impressions upon their 
minds, and which (not unlike some more distiiH/nishcd travellers 
ikn themselves) they will comment and enlarge upon, and 
about in equal justice to the nation they represent and arc 
endeavouring to instruct. 
Their tour of a year or two abroad, amidst the mazes and 
mysteries of civilized life, will rest in their minds like a 

'*' / ..■ 




< ■.' !.■'•.: 



romantic droanj; not to be forgotten^ nor to be ( 
OA'cr again ; their livc:^ too short to aspire to what they havi 
seen to approve, and their own humble sphere in their nativi 
wikls so decidedly prefe^ .^^le to the parts of civilized lifi 
which they did not admire, that they will probably conver 
the little money tbey have made, and their medals anc 
trinkets, into whisky and rum, and drown out, if possible 
the puzzling enigma, which, with arguments, the poor fd 
lows have found it more difficult to solve. 

With this chapter 1 take leave of wy Indian friends ; anc 
as the main subject of this work ends with their mission tc 
Europe, the reader finds himself near the end of his task. 

In taking leave of my red friends, I will be pardoned foi 
repeating what I have before said, that on this side of the 
Atlantic they invariably did the best they could do ; and 
that, loving them still as I have done, I shall continue to do 
for them and their race, all the justice that shall be in the 
power of my future strength to do. 





! i 

( 311 ) 


The Author returns to bis little children in Paris — His loss of time and 
money — The three Indian speculations — His efforts to promote the 

interests of the Indians, and the person" v/ho brought them to Europe 

His advice to other persons wishing to engage in similar enterprises ■ 

The Author retires to his atelier, and paints the fifteen pictures for the 
King — The pleasure of quiet and retirement with his four little children 
around him — He offers his Indian Collection to the American Govern- 
ment — And sends his memorial to Congress — Bill reported in favour of 
the purchase — ^The Author has an interview with the King in the Tuilcrics 
—Delivers the fifteen pictures — Subjects of the pictures painted — Con ver- 
sations with the King — Reflections upon his extraordinary life — The 
Autiior's thoughts, while at his easel, upon scener of his life gone by 
—And those that were about him, as he strolled, with iiis little children, 
through the streets and society of Paris — Distressing and alarming 
illness of the Author's four little children — Kindness of sympathizing 
friends — Death of "little George" — His remains sent ,3 New York, and 
laid by the side of his mother — A father's tears 3< d loneliness — The 
Author returns with his Collection to London. 

Thk commencement of this chapter finds me at my easel, in 
a comfortable atelier in my own apartments in Paris, where 
Iliad retired, with my little children about me, to paint the 
fifteen pictures for the King, and others fo which I had 
some standing orders. 

My collection was at this time placed in a magazine in the 
vicinity of my dwelling, and my faithful man Daniel still 
continued his charge over it, keeping it in repair, and 
plying between it and my painting- room when I required 
models from my collection to work from. 

The true measure of ordinary happiness I have long be- 
lieved to be the amount of distress or anxiety we have 
escaped from ; and in this instance I felt, retired from the 


n ! • 

p' f 



constant anxieties I had lived under for the last ^ix or seven 
years, demanding all my time, and holding my hand from 
my easel, as if 1 could be happy, even in my grief, with my 
four dear little children around me, whom their kind mother 
had hut a few months before, in her dying breath, committed 
to my sole keeping and protection. 

My house, though there was a gloom about it,* had a 
melancholy charm from its associations, whilst its halls were 
enlivened by the notes of my little innocents, who were 
just old c.iough for my amusement, and too young fully 
to appreciate the loss they had sustained, and whose little 
arms were now concentrated about my neck, as the only 
one to whom they claimed kindred and looked for pro- 

My dear little namesake, George, and my only boy, then 
three years and a half old, was my youngest, and, b-jing the 
only one of my little flock to perpetuate my name, had 
adopted my j>ainting-room as his constant j)lay-house, and, 
cronies as we had become there, our mutual enjoyment was 
as complete as my happiness was, in the dependence I was 
placing on him for the society of my future days. His first 
passion, like that of most children, had been for the drum, 
with which, slung upon his back, with drumsticks in hand, he 
made my atelier and apartments ring, and never was happier 
or more proud than when we addressed him as "Tam- 
bour Major," by which name he familiarly went, and to 
which he as promptl}/^ answered. 

Besides the company of this dear little fellow, I had the 
sweet society of my three little girls, of ten, eight, and six 
years old, and with all, and the pleasures at my easel, 1 
counted myself in the enjoyments of life that I would have 
been unwilling for any consideration to part with. I thus 
painted on, dividing my time between my easel, my little 
children, and the few friends I had in Paris, resolving and 
re-resolving to devote the remainder of my life to my art, 
being in possession of the fullest studies from nature to 
enable me to illustrate the early history of my country in its 



X or Bcven 
land from 
f, with my 
nd mother 

it,* had a 
halls were 
who were 
oung fully 
vhosc little 
s the only 
1 for pro- 

j boy, then 

, boing the 

name, had 

lousc, and, 

)ymcnt was 

?nce I was 

His first 

the drum, 

in hand, he 

as happier 

as "Tam- 

nt, and to 

I had the 
lit, and six 
my easel, 1 
vould have 
h. I thus 
my little 
;olving and 
to my art, 
nature to 
nitry in its 

various dealin<rs with the Indian tribes of America ; and in 
these labours I also with pleasure resolved to continue my 
efforts to do justice to their character and their memory. 

The American Congress was at that time in session, with 
a surplus revenue in the treasury of more than 12,000,000 
of dollars ; and, deeming it an auspicious time, I ju'oposed 
the sale of my collection by my Mcmoriol, to that body, 
believing there was sympathy enough for *,hc poor Indians 
in my country, and dis])osition to preserve all the records 
of this dying race, to induce the Congress to purchase the 
collection as connected with the history of the country. 

I had been stimulated, the whole time whilst making the 
collection, with the hope that it would be perpetuated on 
the soil where these ill-fated people have lived and jjorished ; 
and was constantly encouraged in my labours with the belief 
that such would be the case. 

On my Memorial, a Bill was reported by the Joint Com- 
mittee on the Library, complimenting me in the strongest 
terms, and recommending its purchase ; but, owing to the 
sudden commencement of the Mexican war at t at time, no 
action was had upon it, and it now remains to be seen 
whether the Government will take it up again, or whether 
the collection will be left, because more highly appreciated, 
in a foreign land. My unavoidable belief still is, that some 
measure will be adopted for its preservation in my native 
country, a monument to those people who have bequeathed 
to the United States all her dominions, and who are rapidly 
wasting away ; though I have fears that the call for it may 
be too late, either to gratify my ambition to see it perpetu- 
ated amongst the records of my country, or to enable me to 
feel the reward for my hard labour. 

The Bill reported in the Congress I have taken the 
liberty to insert here, for the very high compliment it con- 
veys, as well as for the benefit it may in some way afford me 
by the value therein set upon my works. 



Bill reported in the American Congress, 1846, for tlie Piirchajie 
of Catlin's Indian Gallery, July 24th, 1846. Read and 
laid upon the table, Mr. W. \V. Campbell, from the Joint 
Committee on the Library, made the following Keport: — 

The Joint Committee on the Librari/, to whom was referred the Memorial of Mr. 
Catlin for the purchase of his Gallerij of Indian Collections and Paintings ; 
and also the Memorial of American artists abroad, and of American citizens 
esident •• London, respectfulli/ report — 

Tli.' ' '..'■: . ir. Catlin, who desires to place, on certain conditions, his 
extf(i5;)vi? ^etion of Indian portraits, costumes, and other objects of in- 
terefc ■;.uocl.;d with Indian ii'e, in the possession of the Government, it 
is hardly neces^. _, to sj)eak, since his reputation is established throughout 
this country and Europe. A native of the state of Pennsylvania, his early 
studies were direct^.d to the law, which, under an impulse of enthusiasm 
that often marks original genius, he soon abandoned for the pencil, stimu- 
lated by desire to give to his country exact and spirited representations of 
the ])ersons, costumes, ceremonies, and homes of the aboriginal inhabitants 
of this continent, now retreating and gradually vanishing away before the 
power of civilization. Nor did he devote himself to his enterj)rises merely 
to gratify curiosity and preserve memorials of a bold, independent, and re- 
markable race of men, but to direct attention to certain lofty traits of their 
character, and excite, generally, friendly sentiments and efforts for their 
benefit. In making this collection, he expended eight entire years of his life 
and 20,000 dollar?, and visited, often at great hazard of his personal safety, 
more than forty different (and most of them remote) tribes. Unaided by 
public or private patronage, he pursued and effected his object, sustained, 
as he observes, by the ambition of procuring a full and complete j)ictorial 
history of a numerous and interesting race of human beings rapidly sinking 
into oblivion, and encouraged by the belief that the collection would finally 
he appropriated and protected by the Government of his own country, as a 
monument to a race once sole proprietors of this country, but who will 
soon have yielded it up, and with it probably their existence also, to civil- 
ized man. 

On Mr. Catlin's return from the western prairies, the attention of Con- 
gress was, in 1837 and 1838, turned towards his collection, and a resolu- 
tion for its purchase was moved in the House, and referred to the Commit- 
tee on Indian Affairs, who, it is understood, expressed in their report an 
unanimous opinion in favour of the purchase, though the near approach of 
the close of the session prevented its being submitted for consideration. 

In transferring his collecdon to Europe, Mr. Catlin had no intention of 
alienating, it, or changing its nationality and destination ; but, by its exhi- 
bition, sought to secure support for his family, and obtain means of bring- 



in<r out his groat and ox|)Prisivo work on the Iiidiaiis— a work which has 
thrown rr .. .i light upon thoir chariirtcr and cusfonis, and boon received 
with distniguishcd favour on l)oth siih's oltho Athmtic. 

Tlie judgment of oin- citizi'ns, and that ot finiiicnt foreigners, is concur- 
rent in regard to tlic vahic of tliis eoileetion for liio ilhistration of our liis- 
tory, and as a work of art. By desire of tlic King of France, it now occupies 
a gallery in the Louvre, and has l)eeii highly eulotrized hy the most distin- 
guished artists atid men of science in I'aris. A large gold medal has been 
presented to Mr. Catlin by the King of the Belgians, with a letter express- 
ing a high opinion of his productions. 

The American artists now in Paiis, in a memorial addressed to Congress, 
urging the importance of securing this collection to our country, say, 
"Having made ourselves acquainted witli the extent and interest of this 
uuiiiuo collection, and of its peculiar interest to oiu' country ; and also aware 
of the encouraging oilers now made to its jjroprietor for its permanent 
estal)lishment in England, as well as the desire g ".rally manifested hero 
to have it added to the historical gallery of Vo. liiir we have ventured 
to unite in the joint expression of our anxiety thi^ tlic nhers of the iire- 
scnt Congress may pass some resolution that m , tin m'^ans of restoring 
so valuable a collection to our country, and fi' ■ it among its records. In- 
teresting to our countrymen generally, it is . bs ' tely necessary to Ame- 
rican artists. The Italian who wishes to wrtray the history of Homo 
finds rennumts of her sons in the Vaticai l'< J'rench artist can study 
the ancient (Jauls in the museums of the Louvie ; and the Tower of London 
is rich in the armour and weapons of the Saxon race. 

*' Your memorialists, therefore, most respectfully) trust that Mr. Catlins 
collection may bo purchased and cherished by the Federal Government, as a 
nucleus for a national nmseum, where American artists may freely study 
that bold race who once held possession of our country, and who arc so fast 
disai)pcaring before the tide of civilization. Without such a collection, few 
of the glorious pages of our early history can be illustrated, while the use 
made of it here by French artists, in recording upon canvas the American 
discoveries of their countrymen in the last century, shows its importance." 

Your Committee feel the justice of those sentiments of American artists, 
and also the importance, as suggested in their memorial, of securing, by 
tin purchase of his collection, the future efforts ol Mr. Catlin for its enlarge- 
ment. Let the Government appropriate his collection, and the chief am- 
bition of its author's life will be realized, and he will bo enabled, in a few 
years, to do'ible it in value and extent. 

The bill which has recently passed the House for the establishment of 
the Smithsonian Institution provides that there shall belong to it a "gal- 
lery of art ; '" and of course it must be intended that such gallery shall bo 
occupied by works of art. That such works shouhl be i)riiicipally Ame- 
rican, is the obvious dictate of patriotism. No productions, your Committee 
believe, at present exist, more ajjpropriate to this gallery than those of Mr. 
Catlin, or of equal importance. Should Congress fail to act on this subject, 



or docido unfavourably to Mr. Catlin's proposal, ho may, notwithstanding 
his reluctance, bo compelled to accept the positive and advantageous oHers 
now made to him in England. 

The love of art, and respect for those who have cultivated it with success, 
especially for those who have illustrated, by their productions, the history 
of their country, have ever been cherished bj' the most civilized nations. 
It has been justly observed, that " among the Greeks the arts were not so 
much objects to promote gratification as of public interest ; they wore cm- 
ployed as the most powerful stimulants of piety and patriotism, commissioned 
♦o confer distinction upon those who were conspicuous for valour, for wis- 
.jom, and for virtue. A statue or i)icture gave celebrity to a city or a state, 
and a great artist was considered a national ornament — a public benefactor, 
whom all were bound to honour and reward." 

Your Committee believe the price of his collection, as named by Mr. Cat- 
lin, is moderate, and that a failure to obtain it would occasion deep regret 
to all the friends of art, and to all Americans who reasonably and justly 
desire to preserve memorials of the Indian race, or the means by which our 
future artists and historians may illustrate the great and most interesting 
events in the early periods and progress of our country. 

The Committee, therefore, recommend that the bill for the establishment 

of the Smithsonian Institute be so amended as that f»rovision shall be made 

therein for the purchase of Mr. Catlin's gallery at the price mentioned by 

him — namely, sixty-five thousand dollars — payable in annual instalments of 

ten thousand dollars. 

New York Journal of Commerce, Nov. 12</j. 

When I had completed the pictures ordered by the King, 
his Majesty graciously granted me an audience in the Palace 
of the Tuileries to deliver them, on which occasion he met 
me with great cheerfulness, and, having received from me a 
verbal description of each picture, he complimented me on 
the spirit of their execution, and expressed the highest satis- 
faction with them, and desired me to attach to the back of 
each a full written description. The dimensions of these 
paintings were 30 by 36 inches, and the subjects as follow : — 

No. 1. An Indian ball-play. 

2. A Sioux Council of War. . • 

3. Buffalo-hunt on snow-shoes, 

4. Mah-to-toh-pa (the Four Bears), a Mandan chief, full length. 

5. A Buffalo-hunt, Sioux. 

6. Eagle-dance, and view of loway village. 

7. Mah-to-heha (the Old Bear), a medicine-man of the Mandans. 

8. Wan-ee-ton, one of the most distinguished chiefs of the Sioux. 

9. Ee-oh-sa-pa (the Black Roc'<), a Sioux chief, full length. 



10. Mii-hV'Sher-fifiw (thn VVhito Cloud), loway cliiof. 

11. S/iontn-i/i:-ee-ij(i (tliu Little Wiilt), uii lovvay wuriior. 

12. Wa-tnh-we-bui.k-a-n(ih (the Coinmunding (Jeiicrulj, un loway 


1.3. Mtnin-f/mi-dauH, an OJibbcway cliiof". 

14. Sdi/say-ijon (the Iluil Storm), an Ojihbcway warrior. 

15, Ah-wun-ne-ti'<i-be (tho Tliuii(lor-:jird), ()jibbcway]warrior. 

His Majesty bad on several occasions, in former interviews, 
spoken of the j^reat interest of the scenes of the early his- 
tory of the French colonies of America, and French explor- 
ations and discoveries in those regions, and the subject was 
now resumed again, as one of peculiar interest, affording 
some of the finest scenes for the |)encil of the artist, 
which he thought I was peculiarly qualified to illustrate. 
Additional anecdotes of his rambling life in America were 
very humorously related; and after tlie interview I re- 
turned to my painting-room, and continued happily engaged 
at my other pictures ,»ith my familiar sweet smiles and 
caresses about me. 

As a painter often works at his easel with a double 
thought, one upon tho subject he is creating upon the can- 
vas, and the other upon the world that is about him, 1 
kept constantly at work, and pleasantly divided my extra 
thoughts upon the amusing little tricks that were being 
played around me, and the contemplation of scenes and 
events of my life gone by. I ran over its table of contents 
in this way : " My native valley of Wyoming — the days and 
recollections of my earliest boyhood in it — my ten years in 
the valley of the Oc-qua-go, where I held alternately the 
plough, my rifle, and fishing-tackle — my five years at the 
classics — my siege with Blackstone and Coke upon Little- 
ton — my three years' practice of the law in the Courts of 
Pennsylvania — the five years' practice of my art of portrait- 
painting in Philadelphia — my eight years spent amongst 
the Indian tribes of the prairies and Rocky Mountains — 
and, since that, my eight years spent in the light of the re- 
fined and civilized world, where 1 have been admitted to 
Palaces, and into the society of Kings, Queens, and Princes 



—and noir at my casi'l, in my studio, with my dfiir little 
hiibi's around me. thankinjjf Him wlio has blessed me with 
them, and courage and health, throu<>;h all the vicissitudes 
oi" njy chequered life, and now with strength to stand by 
and support and protect them." 

[ thought uls!) of tht> King, the wonderful man, with whose 
benignant and cheerful face I had been so often conversing'; 
whostj extraordinary life had been so much more checjiu-red 
than my own ; many of whose early days had been s])ent on 
the broad rivers and amongst the dense and gloomy forests 
of my own country ; who, driven by political commotions 
from his native land, sought an asylum in the United States 
of America, and there, in the youthful energy of his 
native character, 52 years ago, crossed and re-crossed 
the Alleghany Mcmntains, descended the Ohio river GOO 
miles in hissimjUe and rickety pirogue, and from the mouth 
of the Ohio to New Orleans, 1000 miles on the muddy waves 
of the Mississij)pi, amidst its dangerous snags and sand-bars, 
•when the banks of those two mighty rivers were inhabited 
only by savages, whose humble wigwams he entered, and 
shared their hosjjitality ; who afterwards visited the shores 
of Lake Va'ic, and also the Falls of Niagara, before the axe 
of sacrilegious man had shorn it of its wild and native 
beauties ; who visited the little commencement of the town 
of Buffalo and the village of the Seneca Indians ; who 
paddled his canoe 90 miles through the Seneca Lake to 
Ithaca, and from thence travelled by an Indian's path, with 
his knapsack on his back, to the Susquchana river, which 
he descended in an Indian canoe to Wyoming, my native 
valley ; and then on foot, with his knapsack again upon his 
back, crossed the Wilkesbarrc and Pokono Mountains to 
Easton and Philadelphia ; and who consequently thus knew, 
52 years ago, more of the great western regions of America, 
and of the modes of its i)eo])le, than one of a thousand Ame- 
ricans do at the present day. 

I contemplated the character of this extraordinary man, 
reared in the luxuries of Palaces, thrown thus into the midst 



of the vast and dreary forests of the Mississippi, hiunching his 
fra^iU' boat aiul stakinjr his life upon its dangerous waves, and 
laying his wearied linil)s upon its damp and foggy hanks ut 
night, amidst the howling wolves and rattlesnakes and mos- 
quitoes ; and after that, and all these adventures, called, 
in the commotions of his country, to mount the throne and 
wield the sceptre over one of the greatest a»>d most en- 
lightened nations of the earth. I beheld this great man 
in these strange vicissitudes of life, and IVanee, whose 
helm ho took in the midst of a tem])cst, now raised to the 
zenith of her national wealth and glory, after 17 years of 
uninterrupted peace and prosperity. I contem])latcd the 
present wealtl. ,nd health of that nation and her institu- 
tions, her grand internal improvements, and cultivation of 
science and the arts ; and I reflected also, with equal 
pleasure and surprise, on what I had seen with my own 
eyes, the (/roatness of suul of that monarch as lie was taking 
the poor Indians of the forest by the hand in his Palace, 
and expressing to them the gratitude he never yet had lost 
sight of, that he bore them for the kindness with Avhich 
their tribes everywhere treated him when he entered their 
wigwams, hungry, on the baidis of the Mississippi and the 
great lakes in America. He had the frankness and truth- 
fulness to tell them that "he loved them," for the reasons 
he had given, and the kindness of heart to convince them 
of his sincerity in the way that carries the most satisfactory 
conviction to the mind of an Indian as well as it often docs 
to that of a white man. 

These contemplations were rapid and often repeated, and 
there were many more ; and they never passed through my 
mind without compelling me to admire and revere the man 
whose energy of character and skill have enabled him, with 
like success, to steer his pirogue amidst the snags of the 
Mississippi, and at the helm of his nation, to guide her out 
of the tempest of a revolution, and onward, through a reign 
of peace and industry, to wealth and jjower, to which she 
never before has attained. 






In the midst of such reflections I often strolled alone in 
a contemplative mood through the wilderness throngs of the 
Boulevards — the great central avenue and crossing-place — 
the ac7ia of all the circulating world — to gaze upon the end- 
less throng c*' human beings sweeping by me, bent upon 
their peculiar avocations of business or of pleasure — of 
virtue or of vice; contrasting the glittering views about 
me with the quiet and humble scenes 1 had witnessed in 
various parts of my roaining life. 

In the midst of this sweeping throng, knowing none and 
unknown, I found I could almost imagine myself in the 
desert wilderness, with as little to disturb the current of 
contemplative thoughts as if I were floating down the gliding 
current of the Missouri in my bark canoe, in silent contem- 
plation of the rocks and forests on its banks. 

In a different mood, also, I as often left my easel and 
mingled with the throng, with my little chattering children 
by my side, forgetting to think, and with eyes like theirs, 
scanned the thousands and tens of thousands of pretty 
things displayed in the shops, and whiled away in perfect 
bliss, as others do, an hour upon the pavements of the 

The reader has learned from various books, the features 
of this splendid scene, with all its life and din and glittering 
toys, and of Paris, with its endless mysteries, and beauties, 
and luxuries, and vices, which it is not the province of this 
work to describe; but from all that he has read he may not 
yet know how completely he may be lost sight of in the 
crowds of the Boulevards, and what positive retirement he 
may find and enjoy, unknowing and unknown, if he, wishes 
to do so, in his apartments in the centre of Paris, where his 
neighbours are certainly the nearest -and most numerous in 
the world. 

In London and Now York one often thinks it strange 
that he knows not his neighbours by the side of him ; but 
in Paris, those on the .svVfe- are seldom taken into considera- 
tion as such, and so little do ])eople know of, or care for, each 




other's business, that few have any ar(|uaintance with their 
neighbours above and uelow them. 

The eircumscribed limits of the city, and the density of 
its popuhition, enable the Parisians to make a fflitterin<>- 
display in the streets, in the brilliancy and taste of which 
they no doubt outdo any other people in the world. The 
close vicinity of its inhabitants, and the facility with which 
they get into the streets, and the tens of thousands of induce- 
ments that tempt them there, tend to the concentration of 
fashion and gaiety in the princi])al avenues and arcades, 
which, in the pleasant evenings of sjiring and summer, 
seem converted into splendid and brilliant salons, with the 
appearance of continuous and elegant soirees. To these 
scenes all Parisians and all foreigners are alike admitted, 
to see and enjoy the myriads of sights to be seen in the 
shop-windows, as well as to most of the splendid collections 
of works of literature and the arts, which, being under the 
Government control, are free to the inspection of all who 
wish to see them. Amidst most of these I have been, like 
thousands of others, a visitor and admirer for two years, 
seeking for information and amusement — for study and con- 
templation — alone ; or enjoying them in company uith my 
little children, or travelling friends, for whose aid and amuse- 
ment I have as often given my time. 

The reader will here sec that I have before me the ma- 
terials for another book, but as the object of this work is 
attained, and its limits approached, with my known aversion 
to travel over frequented ground, 1 must refer him to 
other pens than mine for what I might have written had I 
the rooni for it, and had it not been written twenty times 

The little bit of my life thus s])ent in the capital of 
France, though filled with anxieties and grief, has had its 
pleasant parts, having seen much to instruct and amuse 
me, and having also met with, as in London, man) warm 
friends, to whom I shall feel attached as long as 1 live. In 
the English society in Paris I met a number of my London 

VOL. 11. Y 




fi'icnds, where tlie acquaintance was renewed, with great 
kindness on their ])arts, and with much pleasure to myself. 

I met also many American families residing in Paris; and, 
added to their numbers, the constant throng- of Americans 
who are passing to and from the classic ground of the East, 
or making their way across the Atlantic to the French 
metro])olis, and swelling their occasional overflowing and 
cheerful soirees. At these I saw many of the elite and 
fashionable of the French, and noticed also, and much to my 
regret, as well as surprise, that, in the various intercourse I 
had in different classes, the Americans generally mixed less 
with the English than the French society. 

'Iliis is ])robably attributable in a great degree to the 
passion which Engl'sli and Americans have, in their llyino- 
visits to the city of all novelties, to see and study something 
new, instead of s])cnding their valuabk' time with people of 
their own family and language, wh(m and whose modes 
they can see at home. This I deem a j)ity ; and though 
among the passing travidlers the cau'-e is easily a})j)lied, and 
the excuse as easily accepted, yet among th<> resident English 
and Americans, of whom there are a great many and fashion- 
able families, th'M'o seem-i a mutual unsocial and studied 
reserve, which stands in the way of much enjoyment, that I 
believe lies at the doors of kindred ])eo])le in a foreign land. 
My time, however, was so niuch engrossed with anxieties 
and grief and my a])plication to my art, that I shared but 
moderately in the pleasures of any society ; and the few 
observations I have been able to make 1 have consecpiently 
drawn from less intercourse than has been had by many 
others, who have more fully described than I could do had 
this book been written for the ])ur])()se. 

My interviews with society in this "j)art of the world, as 
far as they have been held, have been general, and my 
observations, I believe, have been unbiassed. And as 1 
mingled with society to see and enjoy, but not to describe, 
my remarks in this place, on the society and manners of 
Parisians and peoj)le in Paris, must end here, and neces- 



with great 
3 to myself. 
Paris ; and, 
' Americans 
of the East, 
the French 
flowing iind 
le elite and 
much to my 
ntcrcourse I 
^ mixed less 

gree to the 

their Hying 

y something 

ith peo})le of 

hose modes 

and though 

api)lied, and 

dent English 

and fashion 

and studied 

ment, that I 

foreiiiu land. 

ith anxieties 

I shared but 

and the few 


ad by many 

ould do had 

die world, as 
ral, and my 
And as 1 
t to describe, 
. manners of 
', and neces- 

sarily be thus brief, to come within the bounds of my in- 
tentions in commencing this work. 

The society which fascinated me most and called for all 
my idle hours was that of my four dear little children, 
whose arms, having been for ever torn from the embrace of 
an affectionate mother, were ready to cling to my neck 
whenever I ([uitted the toils of my painting-room. There 
was a charm in that little circle of society which all the 
fascinations of the fashionable world could never afford me 
and I preferred the simple hapi)iness that was thus sweetly 
spread around me to the amusements and arts of matured 
and fashionable life. 

The days and nights and weeks and numths of my life 
were passing on whilst my house rang with the constant 
notes of my little girls and my dear little " Tambour 
Major," ])rodueing a glow of ha])piness in my life, as its 
hours were thus carolled away, which I never before had 
attained to. 

My happiness was here too complete to last Ion"-, 
and, as the sequel will show, like most precious gifts, 
was too confidently counted cm to continue. A sudden 
change came over this ])leasing dream of ICe; the cheering 
notes of my little companions were suddenly changed 
into groans, and my occupations at my easel were at an 
end. The chirping and chattering in the giddy maze 
of their little dances were finished, and, having taken to 
their beds, my occu])ation was changed to their bedsides, 
where they were all together writhing in the agonies of 
disease, and that of so serious a luiture as to require all 
my attention by night and by day, and at length anxieties 
of the most painful kind, and alarm — of i;rief, and a broken 
heart ! 

To those t)f my reathn's who have ever set their whole 
heart \\\)vn and identified their existence with that of a dar- 
ling little boy, and wept for him, it is unnecessary — and to 
those who have never been blessed with such a gift it would 
be useless — for me to name the pangs that broke my heart 

V 2 





for the fato of my little " 'rumbour Major," who, in thai, 
unlucky hour, thoug-htlcssly reUn(|ui.shin<>' all his little toys, 
laid down with his three little sisters, to run the chances 
with them, and then to be singled out as he was by the 
hand of death. 

In kindness the reader will pardon these few words that flow 
h\ tears from the broken and burning- heart of a fond father ; 
ihey take but a line or two, and are the only monument that 
Avill be raised to the memory of my dear little George, who 
lived, in the sweetness of his innocence, to gladden and then to 
break the heart of his doating parent, the only one while he 
was living, to appreciate his loveliness, and now the only one 
to mourn for him. The remains of this dear little fellow were 
sent to New York, as a lovely flower to be planted by the 
grave of his mother, and thus were my pleasures and peace 
in Paris ended. Two idols of my heart had thus vanished 
from me there, leaving my breast with a licalhig and a fresh 
v'ound, to be opened and bleeding togethvn'. My atelier had 
lost all its charms; the escalier also was dreary, for its 
wonted echoing and enlivening notes had ceased ; and the 
beautiful pavement of the Place Madeleine, which was 
under my windows, and the daily v. 'ort, with his hoop and 
his drum, of my little "Tambour Major." 

The Boulevards nh:'.\ and the Champs Elysecs, and the 
garden of the Tuiunes the scenes of our daily enjoyment, 
were overcast witi. . gioom, and I left them all. «• -x- 

At the time of writing this my heart flies back and daily 
hovers about the scenes of so nian}^ endearing associations, 
while my hand is at work seeking amusement and forgetful- 
ness at my easel. 

I have before said that the practice of my art is to be the 
principal ambition of the rest of my life ; and as the beginning 
of this chapter found me in my atelier in Paris, the end oi' 
it leaves me in my studio at No. G, Jfaterluo Place, \w London, 
with my collection, my thousands of studies, and my little 
children about me where I shall be hereafter steadily seek- 

vho, in that, 

is little toys, 

the chances 

was by the 

irds that flow 
fond father ; 
nument that 
Gteorge. who 
n antl then to 
one while he 
the only one 
e fellow were 
mted by the 
cs and peace 
lius vanished 
7 and a fresh 
\y atelier had 
eary, for its 
sed ; and the 
, which was 
his hoop and 

•sees, and the 
y enjoyment. 

Lf'l* and daily 


nd forgetful- 

t is to be the 
s, the end of 
•c, in London, 
md my little 
teadily seek- 



ing the rational pleasures and benefits I can draw from 
them ; and where my friends and the world who value me 
or my works may find me without ceremony, and will be 
greeted, amongst the numerous and curious works in my 
collection, enumerated in the catalogue which I have given, 
for the amusement and benefit of the reader, at the end of 
my first volume. 


V 1 1 

■<. J 

' ■ 

• ■A 



•■* ! 


f ■ 

i ■' 








?J: ■■ '■'■•^ 






( '^27 ) 


The two follmc'iiKj Li tiers, writtrn frniii the lowdij Mission on the 
rapper 3Iissot(ri, with several others inorc reeetith/ received tnj 
Mrs. A. RichKrdson, of iVeiccastle-on-Ti/ne, hear conrhisive 
proof of the siucerifi/ of the Soviet 1/ of Friends, and of the henejit 
that promises to Jhw from their inll-direrted and eharituUe 

Extract or a Lkttkr from S. M. Irvin. 

Imcaij and Sac Mission, Mai/ -2 Uli, 1817. 

Having a leisure morninfr, I most oliocrfnlly aivc u few luimitcs to niv 
dear t'riciid in Enplaiid. 1 iiave just bum tliiiikiiiir, before 1 took my pen, 
how very mysterions are tiie workinirs of (iod's providenee ! Near four 
years ago, a party of our loway Indians started out on what ajjpcared to us 
to be a wrong and unealU'd-for expedition. We (h-eaded the result, and, 
so fur as our opinion was eonsultcd, it was given against tlie design, advising 
rather that they should stay at home, go to labour and economy, and not go 
to be shown as wild animals. In these notions we thought wc were sus- 
tained by reason and Scripture, and were at least sincere in our views. Wc, 
however, made but little resistance, and wiien it was detcniiincd tiiat they 
should go wo submitted, tlid what we could foi" their comfort and success, 
pave them the j)arting hand, and commended them to the care of a merci- 
ful Providence. They started, spent the winter in St. Louis and New 
Orleans, associated with bad company, were exceedindy intemperate, and 
seemed to have grown nmch worse, winch tended to coutirni us in the 
belief of the error and impropriety of such a measure, and our hearts 
mourned over them. In the spring they went to the eastern part of the 
United States, and from thence to England. From the latter place wc 
heard of the death of one and another, and of a probaijility of tluir goiiiig 
te France, and becoming enchained with the externals of the Cathohe 
ieli'>ion. Hero we thought our opinions were fully confirmed. How can 
anv good result from this ? How much harm must ensue to these \xmv 
people, and probably through them to ilicir nation! 

But ut this i>oint a ray of light seemed to break forth, and wc could see 

«v f 



fliroiiph fhc (lark vista a possibility of good resulting from it. Ilitlioito wo 
could only trust in the govorninont of (iod, knowing that lie would brinf 
good out of evil, but wc could not see by what process it could be accom- 
plished. But wo now began to learn that the people of Kngland, particu- 
larly the Society of Frien'^s, were taking a warm interest in their welfare 
stimulating their minds in favour of industry, economy, and Christianity 
and es])ecially guarding them against tlie pernicious effects of ardent spirits. 
There the foundation of hope, on rational and tangible i)rinci|)les, com- 
menced. Perhaps the friends of God and his cause in England were to bo 
the honoured instruments of making an indelible impression on the minds 
of these |)0or wanderers, and, if so, how well will they be repaid for their 
pilgrimage, and how happily shall we bo disappointed ! Next came an 
affectionate letter from your own hand. 'J'liis was the second development 
of the unseen but operating hand of God in carrying on his own work. A 
young man of ardent piety and devotion to the cause of God was next 
recommended as a suitable person to come and laljour among the Indians as 
missionary from England. I may say that the whole mystery was now 
plain. Wc could now say to each other, Gotl has taken them over to 
England to send a suitable missionary, whose labours will bo, doul)tloss, 
blessed to their conversion, and thus we could see how easily God, our rorr- 
nant-hec]>hm God, can foil the designs of Satan. How our hearts did l)urn 
within us when we thought of the goodness of God in these thii ,'s ! 'J'jie 
original design wo could not but look upon as a work of the enemy, got up 
for the purpose of selfishness and speculation, but now wc could sec the 
scale turn, and the pleasing j)rospect of hailing our young brother as a 
fellow-helper in this cause more than reconciled us to the hitherto myste- 
rious mov<-ment. He came, and, though it was found best under the cir- 
cumstances to assign him for a time to a different field of labour, still it is 
the same common cause, whether among the Otocs or loways. 

Very important pecuniary aid, both in money and clothing, was also sub- 
sequently received, from which our cause has, in no small degree, boon 
aided and encouraged. Next a helpmate is proposed for our young friend, 
who is here alone, and toiling against the trials of a new and strange 
society and manners, and the prejudices of the Indians. God, through 
suitable instrumentality, conducts the negotiation to a favourable issue ; the 
solitary individual is strengthened to part from her friends and country, is 
conducted by the hand of God across the dangerous deep, is brought more 
than 2000 miles, and, by a great variety of hazardous conveyances, almost 
to the centre! of a great continent, and is now s-'" 'y landed within the Widls 
of this house. Truly may we exclaim. What hath God wrought! Bat 
the wonders and cause for gratitude stop not here. Our kind friend, Miss 
G., is not only here, but already is she engaged, twice or thrice a-day, in 
instructing the poor little daughters of the forest in needlework and such 
other instruction as may be suitable, and as yet 1 see nothing in the way 
but that she may very soon be able to give every moment of time that she 
can spare to these little ones. How pleasing w ill this be ! How cheer- 



t. Ilitlioi to wo 

lo would bring 

could be acconi- 

ngland, particu- 

in tlicir woltaro, 

id Christianity, 

uf ardent spirits. 

)rinoi|)lcs, ooni- 

l^land wore to l)o 

n on tlio minds 

repaid I'or their 

Next came an 

nd development 

own work, A 

Cod was next 

g the Indians as 

ystery was now 

I them over to 
be, doubtless, 

Y God, onrcoiT- 
learts did burn 
tliii ^s ! 'J'ho 
} enemy, got up 
c could sec the 
ng brother as a 
hitherto myste- 
t under the eir- 
ibour, still it is 


g, was also sub- 

II degree, been 
ir young friend, 
!w and strange 

God, through 
able issue ; the 
and country, is 
is brought more 
eyances, almost 
within the walls 
wrought ! But 
id friend, Miss 
thrice a-day, in 
work ami such 
ling in the way 
)]' time that she 
! How cheer- 

fidly and iiappily will the hours pass away, and how largely will she be 
rewarded for all her toil ! 1 have skipp(>d, as you will see, with more than 
eagle fli.^ht, over this narrative, I'or it furnishes materials enouirh for an 
interesting volume. I should like much to dwell upon it, l)ut your mind 
can carry out the details, and see, as clearly as any other, the lineaments 
of God's goodness. 

Miss (1. will have so much to say to you, that I am sure she will not 
know whore to commence, and I think she will be about as much puzzled 
to describe many things so that you can understand. 

Mr. Hloolim has not yet arrived from the Otoe mi'i'ion, but we look 
for him daily. So soon as 1 heard of Miss (J.'s approach, 1 advised hint 
of it, but he, being aliout fifty miles from the post-office, may not have 
received the letter. That you may better understand our relative situa- 
tions, I will suljjoin a rude outline of them with the pen. 

Miss G. remained some time in St. Louis for Mr. Lovvrie, and was 
afterwards instructed by him to come on to this place, he being prevented, 
by low water, from calling i'or her at St. Louis. Last Friday he passed up 
the Missouri river to the Ofoo and Omaliaw mission, leaving word that he 
would be back, at the farthest, by the end of this week. If Mr. Bloohm 
bo able, he will come down with Mr. L., if not before him. As soon 
as they arrive, we hope to be able to make full arrangements about all our 
affairs, and you may expect to be inl'ormed of all that will interest you in 
due time. 

Extract of a Letter from Jane M. Bloohm. 

lowaij and Sac Mission, Mai/ 28///, 1847. 

[After giving several interesting })artieulars of her journey from St. Louis, 
and arrival at the station, the writer proceeds : — ] 

I feel assured, my dear friend, you would be pleased with this institu- 
tion. The boarding-house is a most excellent building, three stories high. 
On the ground floor urc the dining-room, kitchen, pantry, milk-house, and 
two sleeping-rooms. On the second story, the chapel in the centre, from 
back to front, and on one side the boys' school in front, with two small 
rooms behind, which Mr. Hamilton occupies. On the other side of the 
chapel is the girls' school, with two small rooms behind it for Mr. lr\iii. 
The third story has the girls' bedroom, back and front, with a small one otf 
it parted with deals, where I sleep. The boys" on the other side is the 
same ; in the middle is a spare bedroom and Mr. Irvin's study. 

We rise at five o'clock, and at luUf-pasi assemble In the chapel for 
worshii). While there, breakfast is placed on the table, and the bell rings 
again, when we go down. There are lour tallies, but not ail full at present, 
as some of the children have left. Mr. Irvin sits at one table with the 
boys, Mr. Hamilton and his lady (when aljle) with the girls Our table 
is called the family table; there are Mrs. Irvin, their father and mother, 





Mrs. I.'s two cliiltlroii, Mis. 11. "s eldest fiirl, the two men, and inysrll', us 
hIso any otliiT stniii^rers. Mr. Irviii's latlicr and mother are two \ ,My ohl 
people; they inten<l h-iiviiitr as soon as Mr. Lowrio eoines, old Mr. 1, not 
heinf^ al»h' to manage llie I'ann !iow. At hreaklast eacli eliihl has a pewter 
))hite, with a tin pot turned nj)side (h»wn npon it, a Icnitc and fork, and 
spoon. As soon as a l)lessini is asked, tiiey each turn over their tin pot, 
and those wlio sit witii them at tal)h! till it with milk, and give iheni eorn 
bread, hoiled eorn, batten eake (whieh is nnieh like oiu" paneake), a piece 
of baeon, and treacle. Of this they all cat as mnch as they like. Kach 
tiil)le is served the same, with the exception that we have eoUi-e for break- 
fast, and tea I'or supper. At dinner there is sometimes a little boiled rice, 
preens, &c,, but no other kind of meat than baeon. We dine at half-past 
twelve, and snp at seven. Alter snp|)er we all remain, and have worship 
in the dininir-room ; sometimes Mr. Ilanulfoii pvays and siiifrs in Indian; 
and, oh ! my beloved friend, could you only hear the sweet voices of those 
dear heathen children, you would Ik; astonished, they sinpf so well. 1 do 
nu)st sincerely hope that the day is not far distant when they shall not 
only worship Ilini with the voice, but with the imdcrstandinfr, and in truth. 

Mr. II. teaches all the children from nine till twelve. After breakfast 
I take the girls u\) to make their beds ; two and two sleep together; they 
did it so neatly this morning. When done, they go with me to school to 
sew or knit till nine, then again after diruier till two, and after five till 
supper-time, when I assist to wash their hands and faces, and jait them to 
bed. Some of them arc very fine children, l)ut I am surprised 1 am able 
to go so near (hem, for they are very dirty ; but they seem very fond of 
me. You will laugh when I say that two or three of tliem often cf)nie 
running to me, and clasp mo round the waist. Tlu^y wish to teach me 
to speak their language ; they can say a good many English words ; they 
call their teachers father and mother. A few of them arc very little. 
Al'ter I put on their nightcajjs, and lift them into bed, they all repeat a 
prayer. You will b(^ surprised when 1 say 1 do feel such an interest in 
them ; I do wish these feelings may not only continue, but increase. I feel 
fpiite happy, and have never had the least feeling of regret at my coming 
out, and I trust I never shall. 

I5oth Mr. and Mrs. Irvin are most desirou« for us to remain here, but 
that will rest with Mr. Lowrie and P. B. I am willing to go wherever 1 
am of most use. It is a most arduous and resi)onsible office we each hold, 
from the little I have seen (and it is but little to what I shall sec if the 
Lord spare me). We need the prayers of our dear friends. Oh! forget 
us not, you, our far distant and beloved friends ; entreat our Heavenly 
Fatlicr to give us much lA' his Spirit, and to us help along. Your old friend 
Little Wolf came to see me. lie said I might give his and his family's 
love to you. A lew more came to welcome me ; they arc constantly 
coming aljout the house. I am just sent for to assist in the ironing, ami 
have ha<l to write this while the irons were heating. 'J'here is no mangle 
hero. The children's clothes aie washed and repaired every week. 





n, niid inysrir, as 
arc two vory old 
S old Mr. I. not 
lild has a pcwlcr 
f'c and fork, and 
or tlicir tin pot, 
I give (licni corn 
)anrak('), a piece 
lioy like. Each 
•olf'ee for l)reiik- 
iittle lioiled rice, 
dine at iialt'-past 
id liavo \vorshi|) 
iinjrs in Indian ; 
t voices of fiioso 
ip so well. 1 do 
n they shall not 
n<r, and in truth. 
After l)reak(ast 
) together; they 
ine to school to 
id after five till 
and put llieni to 
)riscd 1 am ahle 
im very fond of 
hem often come 
ish to teach me 
lish words ; they 
arc \ory little, 
ley all repeat a 
icli an interest in 
increase. I feci 
:>t at my coming 

•cniain here, but 
) go wherever 1 
20 wc each hold, 

shall sec if the 
ids. Oh ! forget 
it our Heavenly 

Your old friend 
iind his family's 

arc constantly 
the ironing, and 
ere is no mangle 
•V week. 

AJiiy ,i\st.-,fn*i as I finislied the a'love on Friday al'lernoon, the 
arrival of two gentlemen was announced. They were Mr. I.owrie and my 
dear P. H. 'i'hc latter is lookiim- thin, lint upon the whole is much lietter 
as also much hitter than 1 expected (o fmd him; as for colour, an Indian : 
hut setting aside his Indian complexion, I was glad to see a known face 
and to meet a beloved friend ; and now, my dear friend, I can call him mv 
beloved Innband. TIk* inarri iu'c took place on Saturday the "Jiltli, at eight 
o'clock in the evening, iiy Mr. Hamilton, in Mr. Irvin"s room. Old Mr. 
and Mrs. Irvin were there, Mr. and Mrs. Irvin junior, Mr. Lowrie, I\lr 
Melody (who . come to the mission on a visit), and one ol tli(> men, who 
had expresscil a wish to be present. Mr'*. II. was not stronir en(Mii;li to 
join us, which I diti regret. Mr. Luwrie hasseltled for us to remain here 
at least for some time; V. 15. to assist Mr. II. with t. e liovs and other 
labour, while 1 lake the full cliari:e of the j^irls. Oh I that we may each 
have strength to |)erform these our arduous duties. The old |)eople lea\e 
in a few days, when wc shall havi' their room, which is on the griamd 
floor, close by the flining-room. Wc shall have to sit at table with the 
children, and sluadd Mr. II. be from home or sick, at any time, wc shall 
have the full charge. We have, one and all, nuide up our minds to assist 
each other when it is needful, and I do most sincerely pray that we may he 
enaltled to labour together in the same spirit which was in Christ .lesiis. 
It is His work, it is His cause ; and we all, 1 trust, esteem our privileife 
great, that we, unworthy as we are, should be permitted to take part in this 
glorious work. Mr. Lowrie, 1 believe, intends leaving lo-morrow ; it will 
be three weeks before he can reach New York. Mr. Melody left this 
morning; he speaks highly of the kindness he received while in England, 
and, I believe, wouM very well like to pay a second visit. * * ♦ * 

And now, dear friend, I think I have given you all the iut' Hi-cnce 
that it is in my power to send at the present time. It is likely that my 
dear husband may send a note, but he is much oecn|)ic(l, and, I believe, 
goimr to St. ,losei)h with Mr. Lowrie. He joins with mc in kindest love 

to yon and Mr. , not forgetting all our dear friends, to whom you will 

be so kind as to present it, and ever believe mc to remain 

Your most all'ectionate friend, 

J. M. Blooiim. 





Ul 12.5 


■^ iiii 12.2 


||L25|||U ,.6 















(716) 872-4503 











( 332 ) 



I3cing an Account of the successful application, in two recent 
J^xperiments made in Etiglafid, of the expeditious method of 
Taming Horses, as practised by the Red Indians of North 
America. — Communicated bg AL.KXAJiDER John Ellis, B.A., 
of Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1842. 


Thk object of the following pages is two-fold : first, to extract the account 
of the North American Indian method of Ilorse-taming, as given by Mr. 
Cutlin in his new worii, entitled ' Letters and Notes on the Manners, 
Customs, and Condition of the North American Indians,' and to detail 
certain experiments which have been tried by the direction and in the 
presence of the Communicator ; and, second, to urge gentlemen, farmers, 
stable-keepers, horse-trainers, horse-breakers, and all others who may be 
interested in the taming of horses, to try for themselves experiments similar 
to those here detailed, experiments which are exceedingly easy of trial, and 
will be found exceedingly important in result. 

The following is a detail of the experiments witnessed and directed by 
the Communicator: — 

During a visit in the North Riding of Yorkshire, the volumes of Mr. 
Catlin first fell under the Communicator's observation, and among othor 
passages those just quoted struck him forcibly. Although he scarcely 
hesitated to comprehend the circumstances there detailed, under a well- 
known though much-disputed class of ])hcnomena, he was nevertheless 
anxious to verify them by actual experiment before he attempted to theorize 
ujion them. And he now prefers to give the naked facts to the public, and 
leave his readers to account for them after their own fashion. It so hap- 

{)encd that, while staying with his brothqr-in-law, F. M., of M Park, 

the Communicator had the pleasure of meeting W. F. W,, of B , a 

great amateur in all matters relating to horses. In the course of conversation 
the Communicator mentioned what ho had read about horse-taming, and tlio 
detail seemed to amuse them, although they evidently discredited the fact. 




The Commiinicai' ' bogged them to put iho matter to the test ot exporiment, 
and M., who had in his stal)lcs a filly, not yet a yoar dM, \vh<. liad ncvtT 
been taken out since she had been inuovcd from lior dum, in tiic i)roced'.Mg 
November, agreed that he would try the experiment upon this tilly. The 
Communicator made a note of the experiments on the very days on which 
they were tried, and he here gives the substance of what he then wrote 

d and directed by 

Experiment the First. 

Slijjkct — A Filli/, not yet a year old, who luvl neccr bmi tahcn out of ihr, 
stable since she had been removed from her dam in tliejtrcctdinij Aovvmhtr. 

Friday, Feb. 11, 1842. — In the morning W. and M. brought the filly 
from the stable to the front of M.'s house. The filly was (juite wild, and 
on being first taken out of the stable she bolted, and dragged VV., w lio only 
lield her by a short halter, through a heap of manure. W. changed the 
halter for a long traitiing halter, which gave him such power over her that 
he was easily able to bring the little scared thing up to the front of the 
house. Both M. and W. seemed much amused, and laughingly asked E. 
(tiie Communicator) to instruct them in Callin's method of taming horses. 
E. did so as well as he could, quoting only from memory. The exiu-inient 
was not tried very satisfactorily, but rather under disadvantages. The filly 
was in the open air, many strangers about her, and both the experimenters 
were seeking rather amusement from the failure than knowledge from the 
success of their experiment. W. kept hold of the halter, and M., with 
considerable difficulty, for the filly was very restive and frightened, managed 
to cover her eyes. He had been smoking just before, and the smoke must 
have had some eflfect on his breath. When he covered her eyes, he bUw 
into the nostrils, but afterwards, at E.'s request, he breathed ; and, as he 
immediately told E., directly that he began to breathe, the filly, who had 
very much resisted having her eyes covered and had been very restive, 
" stood perfectly still and trembled." From that time she became very 
tractable. W. also breathed into her nostrils, and she evidently enjoyed it, 
and kept puiung up her nose to receive the breath. She was exc«'ediiigly 
tractable and well behaved, and very loth to start, however much provoked. 
The waving of a red handkerchief, and the presenting of a liat to her eyes, 
while the presenter made a noise inside it, hardly seemed to startle her at all. 

Saturday, Feb. 12, 1842.— This morning the filly was again led out to 
show its behaviour, which was so good as to call forth both astonishiiiont 
and praise. It was exceedingly tractable, and followed W. about with a 
loose halter. Attempts were made to frighten it. M. put on a long scarlet 
Italian cap, and E. flapped a large Spanish cloak during a violent wind 
before its eyes, and any well broken-in horse would have itartod much more 
than did this yearling. 



Ei .V- 


Si'HJF.CT — A Filly ^ three i/Cf us old, coviliui Jour, and ctiy nh.stiitrih; ; quite. 


Scittirdtty, Feb. 12, 1842. — While tlu; lust cxperiiiipnts wore being liinl 
on the yearling, W. espied 11., a farmer and tenant of M., with several men, 
ut the distance of some fields, trying, most ineffeelnally, on the old system, 
to break-in a horse. \V. proposed to go down and show him what ellect 
had been produced on the yearling. The rest agreed, and VV., M., and E. 
proceeded towards B., VV. leading the yearling. On tlieir way they had to 
lead her over a brook, which she passed alter a little persuasion, uilhoiit 
force. One of the fields through which she had to pass contained four 
horses, three of which trotted up and surroundeil her, but she did not 
become in the least degree restive, or desirous of getting loose. When the 
party arrived at the sj)ot, they found that B. and his men had tied tlicir fdiy 
short up to a tree in the corner of a field, one side of which was walled, and 
the other hedged in. W. now delivered the yearling up to M., and pro- 
posed to li. to tame his horse after the new mctliod, or (to use his own 
phrase) to '* puff" it. II., who was aware of the character of his horse, 
anxiously warned W. not to approach it, cautioning him especially against 
the fore-fcct, assorting that the horse would rear and strike him with the 
fore-feet, as it had " lamed " his own (B.'s) thigh just before they had come 
up, W. therefore proceeded very cautiously. lie climbed the wall, and 
came at the horse through the tree, to the trunk of which he clung for some 
time, that he might secure a retreat in case of need. Immediately upon his 
touching the halter, the horse pranced about, and finally pulled away with a 
dogged and stubborn cxj)ression, wliich seemed to bid W. defiance. Taking 
advantage of this, W. leaned over as far as he could, clinging all the time 
to the tree with his right hand, and succeeded in breathing into one nostril, 
without, however, being al)le to blind the eyes. From (hat moment all 
became easy, VV., who is very skilful in the management of a horse, coaxed 
it, and rubbed its face, and breathed from time to time into the nostrils, 
while the horse ottered no resistance. In about ten minutes VV. declared 
his conviction that the horse was subdued ; ami he then unfa.stcned it, and, 
to the great and evident astonishment of B. (who had been trying all the 
morning in vain to gain a mastery over it), led it quietly away willi a loose 
halter. Stopj)ing in the middle of the field, with no one else near, VV. 
quietly walked up to the horse, i)laced his arm ov(<r one eye and his hand 
over the other, and breathed into the nostrils. It was | (leasing to observe 
how agreeable this ojjcration appeared to the horse, who put up its nose 
continually to receive the " putt'." In this manner W. led the horse through 
all the fields, in one of which wew; the four horses already mentioned, who 
had formerly been the companions of the one just tamed, and who surroinided 
it, without, however, making it in the least degree restive. At lengtii VV'. 
and the horse reached the stable-yard, where they wei-e joined liy C. VV. 
C. C, of S Ilall, and J. B. sv,a of B. the farmer. In the presence of 



(ind veil/ oh.sliiiate ; fjiii/<; 

M-iiiiPtits were boing tricil 

of M., witli several men, 

liially, on tlic old system, 

i:ul sliow liim what ellect 

ceil, and \V., M., and E. 

On their way they had to 

little persuasion, uithoiit 

id to j>ass contained lour 

•d iier, hut she did not 

retting loose. When tiie 

s men had tied tlicir filly 

ofwhieli was walled, and 

ling up to M., and pro- 

[liod, or (to use his own 

c> charaeter of his horse, 

ng him especially against 

• and strike him with the 

just before they iiad come 

Ic climl)ed the wall, and 

which he clung lor some 

1. Immediately upon his 

inally pulled away with a 

bid W. defiance. Taking 

uld, clinging all the time 

reathing into one nostril, 

From that moment all 

cmont of a horse, coaxed 

to time into the nostrils, 

ten minutes W. declared 

2 then unfastened it, and, 

had been trying all the 

quietly away wiih a loose 

h no one else near, W. 

er one eye and his hand 

t was pleasing to observe 

irse, who put up its nose 

^V^. led the horse through 

already mentioned, who 

ned, and who surrounded 

restive. At length W. 

y wei'e joined by C VV. 

iier. In the picscnce of 

these, M., and E., W. first examined the forc-fect, and then the hind-feet 
of the horse, who ottered no resistance, but, while W. was examining the 
hind-feet, leant its neck round, and kept nosing W.'s hack. lie next 
buckled on a surcingle, and then u saddle, and finally bitted the horse with 
a rope. During the whole of these operations the horse did not offer the 
slightest resistance, nor did it flinch in the least degree. All who witnessed 
the transaction were astonished at the result obtained. 'J'he Conununicator 
regrets only that he is not at liberty to pul)lish the names at lenu'tli. This 
experiment of bitting was the last that VV. tried, since the nature of the 

country about M Park did r.ot admit of ridings being triitl with any 

prospect of safety. The whole experiment lasted ai)out an hour. It should 
be mentioned that w hen J. 11., to whom VV'. delivered up the horse, attempted 
to lead it away, it resisted ; whereupon E. reconunended .1. IJ. to breathe 
into its nostrils. He did so, and the horse followed him easily. The next 
day, li., who is severe and obstinate, began at this horse in the old method, 
and belaboured it dreadfully, whereupon the horse very sensibly broke away. 
This result is important, since it shows that the spirit is subdued, not In-oken. 

These are all the experiments which the Communicator has as yet hail 
the opjjortunity of either witnessing or hearing the results of, but they are 
to him perfectly satisfactory ; the more so, that Mr. VV'., who made the 
experiments, was himself perfectly ignorant of any process of the kind until 
informed of it at the actual time of making the experiment. It may be 
considered over-hasty to publish these experiments in their present cru(l(! 
state, but the Communicator does so with a view to investigation. lie will 
have no opportunity himself of making any experiments, as he is unac- 
quainted with the treatment of horses, and neither owns any nor is likely 
to be thrown in the way of any unbroken colts. But the experiment is easy 
for any horse-owner, and would be best made in the stable, where the horse 
might easily be haltered down so as to oiler no resistance. The method 
would, no doubt, be found efficacious lor the subjugation and taming of 
vicious horses. The readers will, of course, have heard of the celebrated 
Irish horse-charmers. They never would conmiunicate the secret, nor 
allow any one to be with them while they were in the stable taming the 
horse. It is agreed, however, that they approache<l the head. The Com- 
municator feels sur? that the metlioil they employed was analogous to that 
contained in these pages. Persons have paid high jjrices for having their 
horses charmed ; they have now an opportunity of charming horses them- 
selves, at a very small expense of time and labour. Half an hour will 
suffice to subdue the most fiery steed — the wild horse of the prairies of 
North America. 

The Communicator has no object but that of benefiting the [mblic in the 
above communication. The method is not his own, nor has he the merit of 
having first published it ; but he thinks that he is the first who has caused 
the experiment to be made in England, and the entire success of that expe- 
riment induces him to make the present communication, in the hope that he 
may benefit not only his countrymen by the publication of a simple, easy. 



and rapid method of pcrrorming wliiit wiis funiKM-Iy a long, tedious, and dif- 
ficult process, but also the " puir beastios" tiien>selves, hy saving them from 
the pains and tortures of what is very aptly termed " hieakiny-'m." Mr. 
Catlin, indeed, speaks of the horse's stru^'tflcs being severe, but they were 
the struggles of a wild horse, just caught on a prairie, and not of the 
domestic animal quietly haltered in a 8tal)le. The process as now presented 
is one of great humanity to the horse, as well as ease and economy to tho 
horse-owner. The only objections to it are its novelty and simplicity. 
Those who have strength of mind to act for themselves, and not to despise 
any means, however 8in.,)le or apparently childish, ^yill have cause to rejoice 
over the great results at which they will arrive. But the great watchword 
which the Communicator would impress upon his readers is, " Experiment !" 

Magna est Veritas et pravalebit. 

A. J. E. 

Note. — 77/c above experiments, which the Author has supposed miyht he interest- 
ing to some of his readers, have been even more successful than he tvould have 
anticipated, having always believed that to bring about the surprisinij compromisf 
he has so ofifn witnessed by exchanging breath, the animal should be a wild one, 
and in the last extremity of fear and exhaustion. — The Autuok. 


i ^1 

London : Printed by William Clowes and Sons, Stamford Street. 

■ -toi-x-is.-i.-.-. . ... 

a long, tedious, and dif- 
t's, by saving tlietn I'roni 
d " b leaking -\u." Mr. 
g severe, but they were 
)rairie, and not of the 
rocess as now presented 
use and eronomy to the 
lovelty and simplicity. 
Ives, and not to despise 
ill have cause to rejoice 
It the groat watchword 
lers is, '* Experiment !" 


A. J. E, 

ipposed miyht he interest- 
if'ul than he would havf 
he siirprisiiii/ compromise 
al should he a wild one, 

mford Street.