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'  •^V;'-;r;Vi.'^-.-.V^  -'';  -■■-'■".>i:''."  v.-,'  ..'"■■■:  ■■'■■ 


BIOGRAPHICAL    SKETCHES 


OF 


LOYALISTS 


»    If    t 


Ol"    THK 


AMERICAN    REVOLUTIOM 


■  r.\i 


■"WITH. 


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I  I 


AN  HISTORICAL  ESSAY 


iSA  Y.;'  ,S;JiS|i|51ll3 


,BY.' 


'  '■'  ■■■  "'   '   '(»*.;V-^.    y '^!;'  * 


'■;  J 


':>-m^ir. LORENZO    SABIN !!•■:::•■■•-< '■•■:■■■  .•■■^'#M^^'^"'^  '1 
;S.'i^^;-;?'/'-/J  IN  TWO'  VOLUMES^;:-r:-:iVvj)C.;cH'||^  i| 


BOS  T  0  N : 
LITTLE,  BROWN  AND  COMPANY. 

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Entered  according  to  Act  of  Congress,  in  the  jear  1884,  by 

LUULNZU   bAlilML, 

In  the  Clerk's  Oftice  ol  the  Uistutt  Comt  of  tlie  District  of  Massachusetts. 


1 


^ 


UIVEKSIDE,   cambkidgk: 

PltlNTKl)    BV    H.    O.    HOUGHTON    AND    COMPANY. 


AMERICAN  LOYALISTS. 


..V  : :,,    I  'J 


i 


Lafokky,  Sir  Francis,  Baronet,  K.  C.  B.  Admiral  in 
the  British  Navy.  His  groat-grandfather  was  of  a  noble 
family  in  Poitou,  and  went  to  England  with  King  William 
the  Third.  Sir  Francis  himself  was  born  in  Virginia,  and 
entered  the  service  diiring  the  Revolution.  In  1791  he  at- 
tained the  rank  of  Commander,  and  in  1793,  that  of  Captain. 
On  the  increase  of  the  Order  of  the  Bath,  in  1815,  he  was 
nominated  a  K.  C.  B.  He  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Vice-!;'! 
Admiral  in  1819,  and  of  Admiral,  in  1882.  While  employed 
at  sea,  he  captured  two  French  frigates ;  and,  in  command  of 
the  Spartinte  of  74  guns,  was  engaged  in  the  memorable 
battle  of  Trafalgar.  His  last  duty  seems  to  have  been  on 
the  Barbadoes  station  as  Commander-in-Chief.  He  died  in 
England,  in  1835,  unmarried,  and  left  no  heir  to  the  Baro- 
netcy. His  sister  married  Captain  A.  J.  P.  Molloy,  of  the 
Royal  Navy.  -p.^  ^.'%j^.;:i  ;: ,,    ■:■■'''.,., 

Lamu,  Walter.  Of  North  Carolina.  In  December, 
1775,  he  was  brought  before  the  Council  by  a  zealous  Whig, 
who  prayed  that  he  might  receive  condign  punishment.  But 
the  judgment  of  the  Council  was,  that  the  Whig  should  keep 
Lamb,  and  produce  him  for  trial  before  the  Committee  of 
Safety  for  the  District  of  Halifax. 

Lamuden,  Thomas.  Of  Worcester  County,  Maryland. 
Tlie  Committee  of  that  county  published  him  as  an  enemy 
to  his  country,  June,  1775.  It  appears  that  he  was  Crier  of 
the  Court.  The  proof  against  him  was,  tliat  he  had  declared 
"  all  those  who  took  up  arms,  or  exercised  agreeably  to  the 
Resolves   of  the   Provincial  Convention  at  Annapolis,  were 

VOL.  II.  1 


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IJL 


■y-:\i~'.'^;i.':j 


:«:: 


LAMBTON.  -  LAWRENCE. 


■.■..-■ji;.-;<t  «i 


y'is':"'ii'Pv::; 


■■,■.*:''■ 


Rebels,"  and  that,  in  conversation  relative  to  a  quantity  of  salt 
which  the  CcjUimittee  at  Baltimore  had  thrown  into  the  water, 

■  he  had  said,  "  the  Committee  were  a  parcel  of  d d  rascals, 

■Vand  would  not  be  easy  until  some  of  them  were  hanged  uj)." 
;Jv     Lam  HTON,  Richard.     Of  South  Carolina.     Deputy  Audi- 
;:tor-General.     The  Act  of  1782  confiscates  estate  in  the  pos- 
.  session  of  his  heirs  or  devisees.  ■ . 

;       Lancastkk,  John.      Of  North  Carolina.      His  property 
.  was  conHscated  in  1779.     He  went  to  England,  and  was  in 
London  in  July  of  that  year. 

Lasky,  RouEJiT,  SiiN.  Died  in  King's  County,  New 
Bnniswick,  1803,  aged  sixty-eight. 

Lawkenck,  John.  Of  Monmouth  County,  New  Jersey. 
Born  in  1708-9.  A  surveyor,  and  justice  of  the  (juorum. 
Advanced  in  life  at  the  Revolutionary  era,  he  Avas  not  in 
arms,  but  the  Whigs  put  him  in  jail  at  liurlington,  and  kept 
him  prisoner  nine  months,  for  granting  British  protections. 
Eflbrts  were  made  to  induce  him  to  abandon  home,  in  order 
to  confiscate  his  estate,  but  he  remained.  He  ran  the  division 
line  between  East  and  West  Jersey,  known  as  the  "  Law- 
rence Line."     He  died  in  1794,  aged  eighty-six. 

Lawkknce,  John.  Of  New  Jersey.  Pliysician.  Son  of 
John  Lawrence.  Born  in  1747,  a  graduate  of  Princeton 
Collejre,  and  of  the  first  class  of  the  Medical  Collejic  of  Phil- 
adelphia.  He  was  arrested  by  order  of  Washington,  July, 
177G,  and  directed  by  the  Provincial  Congress  to  remain  at 
Tientun,  on  parole  ;  but  leave  was  given,  finally,  to  remove 
to  Morristown.  The  ladies  of  Perth  Amboy  j)etitioned  for 
greater  freedom  for  him,  on  professional  grounds,  but  were 
courteously  refused.  He  used  to  say  that  his  residence  at 
Amboy  was  the  happiest  part  of  his  life ;  for  the  reason  that 
the  officers  of  the  Crown  who  lived  there,  formed  a  social 
circle  superior  to  that  of  New  York  or  Philadelphia.  As  his 
father  and  brother  held  office,  he  was  narrowly  watched. 
Fired  at,  after  much  annoyance,  by  a  party  of  militia,  he 
retired  to  New  York,  where  he  practised  medicine  until  the 
peace,  and  where  he  commanded  a  company  of  Volunteers 


LAWRENCE. 


8 


raised  for  tlic  defence  of  the  city.  In  1783  he  returned  to 
Monmouth  Comity,  and  passed  the  remainder  of  \\\f,  days 
there  unmolested,     lie  died  at  Trenton,  April  29,  1880. 

Lawuknce,  Emsha.  Of  Monmouth  County,  New  Jer- 
sey, Colonel  of  tiie  First  Batialion  of  New  Jersey  Volunteers. 
Son  of  John  Lawrence,  and  born  hi  1740.  At  the  beginning 
of  the  Revolution,  he  was  Sheriff  of  his  county.  He  raised 
the  corps  lie  comnianded,  which  consisted  of  live  hundred 
men.  In  1777  ho  was  taken  prisoner  on  Staten  Island,  by 
Sullivan.  At  the  peace,  he  retired  with  the  Royal  Army, 
with  his  rank  of  Colonel,  and  half-pay.  He  received  a  large 
grant  of  land  in  Nova  Scotia,  to  which  he  removed,  but 
finally  went  to  England.  He  died  at  Cardigan,  Wales,  in 
1811.  His  wife,  who  deceased  in  New  York  during  the  war, 
was  Mary,  daughter  of  Lewis  Morris  Ashfield,  a  member  of 
the  Council,  and  a  relative  of  Lewis  Morris,  a  signer  of  the 
Declaration  of  Independence.   '"  ^ 

Lawuknck,  JoiiN  liuowN.  Of  New  Jersey.  Member  of 
the  Council,  and  a  distinguished  lawyer.  Born  in  Monmouth 
County.  His  inclination  was  to  take  no  part  in  the  Revolu 
tion ;  but,  suspected  by  the  Whigs  from  the  first,  because  of 
his  oflfi(!ial  relations  to  the  Crown,  he  was  finally  arrested,  and 
imi)risoned  in  the  Burlington  jail  for  a  long  time.  Accused 
of  treasonable  intercourse  with  the  enemy,  he  was  tried  and 
acquitted.     . ':&'^   :;»y  ■  ■..■::^> '■J:-:':^'/ ''''<■■■''::■■'■  "-C '■■'■  .-X-iirS •:■■.:»-■  ;<-k, ^i;. 

His  imprisonment  proved  a  fortunate  circumstance.  Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel John  G.  Simcoe,  ccmimander  of  the  Queen's 
Rangers,  was  a  fellow-prisoner,  and  when  exchanged,  said  at 
parting,  "  I  shall  never  forget  your  kindness."  He  did  not ; 
and  when  appointed  Lieutenant-Governor  of  Canada,  he 
invited  Mr.  Lawrence  to  settle  there.  The  invitation  was 
accepted,  and,  favored  by  the  Governor,  he  acquired  a  large 
tract  of  Crown  land.  The  account  of  him  by  one  of  his 
connections,  and  the  materials  which  I  have  obtained  else- 
where, are  conflicting,  and  this  notice  may  not  be  entirely 
accurate.  Mr.  Lawrence  died,  I  conclude  from  circumstances, 
in  Upper  Canada,  about  the  year  1796. 


'i'iii 


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jj  ■'• 


LAWRENCE. 


■  V' ■:   '" 

it;;?- 


His  son,  Jnmos  Lawrence,  Captain  in  the  United  States 
Navy,  was  born  at  Hurlini^ton,  New  Jersey,  in  1781,  and 
early  evinced  a  sti()n<j  predilection  for  the  sea  ;  but  Mr.  Law- 
rence was  anxious  that  be  should  adopt  liis  own  profession. 
Jan  .  at  the  aj^e  of  thirteen,  began  the  study  of  the  law, 
accoii  ugly  ;  left,  however,  at  liberty  to  gratify  his  personal 
inclinations  at  his  father's  decease,  he  entered  the  Navy  as  a 
midshipman  in  1708.  He  served  under  Commodore  Preble, 
in  1808,  in  the  war  with  Tripoli ;  and  in  the  destruction  of 
the  frigate  Phllttih'Ij>hui,  acquitted  himself  with  honor.  Li 
the  war  of  1812  with  England,  he  destroyed  and  sunk  the 
sloop-of-war  Peacock  in  less  than  twenty  minutes,  and  before 
all  the  crew  could  be  removed  to  his  own  ship,  the  Hornet. 
He  was  nu)rtally  wounded  in  the  connnand  of  the  frigate 
Chcxn^H'iikc,  in  the  battle  with  the  Shannon,  June  1,  1813, 
and  died  on  the  5th,  after  suffering  intense  pain. 

A  member  of  the  family  conununicates  the  following  in- 
teresting incident.  After  the  death  of  the  Loyalist,  the  land 
above  m"ntioned  was  forfeited  to  the  Crown,  in  consecpience 
of  failure  to  comply  with  some  condition  of  the  grants,  or  the 
non-payment  of  some  dues.  Years  elapsed,  and  Mary,  his 
granddaughter,  and  child  of  Captain  James  Lawrence,  as 
heir,  claimed  its  restoration.  The  case  was  carried  before 
King  William  the  Fourth,  in  Council.  The  Monarch  asked 
the  claimant's  name,  and  the  facts.  On  being  told,  he  said: 
"  She  is  the  daughter  of  a  brave  sailor,  let  her  take  it." 

As  I  am  informed  that  Commander  Charles  S.  Boggs,  of  the 
United  States  Navy,  is  a  grandson  of  our  Loyalist,  I  preserve 
a  part  of  his  own  graphic  account  of  his  share  in  the  terrific 
contest  on  the  Mississippi,  r ;  the  capture  of  New  Orleans,  in 
1862.  The  letter  fi-om  which  I  extract  Avas  written  to  his 
family  in  New  Jersey,  but  was  published.  The  editor  of  the 
"  New  York  Post,"  in  using  it,  remai-kod,  that  "  Captain 
Boggs  is  too  modest  to  say  that  he  destroyed  six  out  of  the 
eleven  "  steamers  of  which  he  speaks.     I  ({uote  :  — 

"  Yesterday  our  great  battle  was  fought.  The  squadron 
passed  the  forts  under  as  severe  a  fire  as  any  fleet  probably 


LAWRKNCE. 


ever  cndiirt'cl.     Tlio  ships  were  much  cut  up,  and  there  were 
many  killed  and  wounded. 

"I  can  only  give  you  u  hasty  narrative  of  what  occurred  on 
board  the  Varuud,  as  in  that  you  will  take  a  special  interest. 

"  We  started  at  2  o'clock  a.  ai.,  and  received  the  first  fire 
at  8.30,  just  as  the  moon  was  rising.  My  vessel  was  terribly 
bruised,  but  we  returned  the  fire  witli  interest.  On  passing 
the  torts,  I  found  myself  the  leading  ship,  and  surrounded  by 
a  s(juadron  of  rebel  steamers,  who  annoyed  me  much  by  their 
fire ;  so  that  I  steered  as  close  to  them  as  possible,  giving  to 
each  a  broadside  in  suc(;ession  as  I  passed  ;  driving  one  on 
shore,  and  leaving  four  others  in  flames. 

"  During  this  time,  the  firing  of  guns,  whistling  of  shot, 
and  bursting  of  shells,  was  terrible  ;  the  smoke  dense.  As 
this  cleared  off,  finding  more  steamers  ahead,  I  stopped  to 
look  for  the  rest  of  the  squadron.  The  ship  was  leaking 
badly ;  but  thus  far  none  were  hurt.  Astern  I  saw  the 
Oni'ida  engaged  with  a  rebel  steamer.  The  latter  shortly 
after  came  up  the  river,  when  I  engaged  him,  but  found  my 
shot  of  no  avail,  as  he  was  iron-dad  about  the  bow.  He 
tried  tt)  run  me  down  ;  and  1  to  avoid  him  and  roach  his 
vulnerable  parts.  During  these  movements  he  raked  me, 
killing  three  and  wounding  seven,  and  attempted  to  board  ; 
but  we  repulsed  him.  Driving  against  me,  he  battered  me 
severely  ;  but  in  these  efforts  exposed  his  vulnerable  side,  and 
I  succeeded  in  planting  a  couple  of  broadsides  into  him,  that 
crippled  his  engine  and  set  hiia  on  fire.  He  then  dropped 
off,  and  as  he  moved  slowly  up  the  river  and  passed  me,  I 
gave  him  another  and  parting  broadside. 

"  I  now  found  my  ship  on  fire  from  his  shells,  and  it  was 
with  great  difficulty  that  it  was  put  out.  Just  then  another 
iron-clad  steamer  bore  down,  and  struck  heavily  on  my  port 
quarter,  and  backed  off  for  a  second  blow.  This  second  blow 
crushed  in  my  side  ;  but  at  the  same  instant  I  gave  liim  a 
full  compliment  of  shot  and  shell  that  drove  him  on  shore 
and  in  flames. 

"  Finding  myself  in  a  sinking  condition,  I  ran  \i\y  bow  into 
1« 


I: 


I 


'*  r:,"i| 
I' 


6 


LAWRENCE.  —  LAWTON, 


tlic  bank  luul  landed  my  wounded,  still  keeping  up  n  firo  on 
my  first  opponent,  who  at  last  hauled  down  his  Ha^;.  My 
last  <;un  was  fired  us  the  deeks  went  under  the  water. 

*'  No  time  to  save  anything ;  the  oHieers  and  crew  escaping 
with  the  clothes  they  luul  on  their  backs. 

*'  Wo  were  taken  oft'  by  boats  from  the  scpiadron,  who  had 
now  come  up,  the  crews  cheering  as  the  Vnrunn  went  down 
with  her  Hag  flying,  victorious  in  defeat  and  covered  with 
glory. 

"  I  think  wo  have  done  well.  Eleven  steamers  destroyed 
by  the  s(puulron.     The  old  ram  3I(inti»KHH  sunk  by  the  Mis- 

Lawkknck,  RicuAiin.    Of  Staten  Island,  New  York.     In 
177(),  Sir  William  Howe  apppointed  hin\  master-carpenter  of 
the  Royal  shipyards  at  that  island,  and  gave  him  orilers  to 
seize  vessels,  timber,  and  naval  stores,  owned  by  the  "Rebels." 
He  appears  to  have  obeyed  with  a  will.     In   1780  he  was 
arrested  and  tried,  at  the  suit  of  several  persons  whoso  prop- 
erty ho   had    taken    during  the  war.     Jonathan  Morrill  re- 
covered judgment  for  £'2'60  ;  John  IJrowne,  for  .£280;  and 
Samuel  lirowne,  for  £42o.     hawrencc,  from  jail  in  the  city     : 
of  Mew  York,  prayed  the  interposition  of  John  Tem[)lo,  the    • 
British  Consul,  who  communicated  with  John  Jay,  Secretary 
for  Foreign  Aft'airs,  and  the  case  was  submitted  to  Congress.     ° 
The  point  in  the  discussions  that  followed  was  whether  the   - 
luckless  master-carpenter  plead  the  Gth  article  of  tho  Treaty 
of  Peace,  at  the  trials  of  these   suits.     He  averred  that  ho 
did ;  Mr.  Jay,  who  examined  tho  records  of  the  Court,  de- 
clared that  he  did  not.     The  last  State  paper  on  the  sub- 
ject  was   in    178H,  and  informed   the    British    Minister  for 
Foreign  AttUirs  that  the  judgments  must  stand  until  legally 
reversed  in  the  ordinary  course  of  judicial  proceedings. 

Lawton.  Four  of  this  name  went  to  St.  John,  New 
Brunswick,  at  the  peace,  of  whom  three  died  there :  John,  of 
Philadelphia,  in  1840,  aged  eighty-nine,  leaving  a  large  circle 
of  relations  and  friends  ;  Thomas,  of  Rhode  Island,  in  1803  ; 
and  Isaac,  residence  unknown,  in  1810,  aged  eighty.  The 
other,  William,  was  a  grantee  of  the  city. 


LEAMIXn.-LEAVITT. 


Li:.vMiN(i,  Ri:v.  .Ii;iii:miaii,  D.  I).  Ki)isc(i|)iil  iniiiister. 
Ill'  WHS  horn  ill  1717,  and  uraduiitcMl  ut  Yali'  C'»)Ilt't;i'  in  174r). 
Ordained  in  174M,  lit' oiHciatod  ut  Newport,  illiodc  Island,  I'i^lit 
veais ;  tlicn  at  Xorwalk,  Connecticut,  twenty-one  years  :  and 
last,  at  Stratford,  eight  or  nine  years.  In  the  Revohition,  a 
mob  took  his  picture,  defaced  it,  and  and  nailed  it  to  a  sinju- 
post  with  tlio  head  downward.  Subsecpiently  hu  was  confined 
in  jail  "as  a  Tory,"  and  denied  even  a  bed.  His  imprisonment 
caused  a  disease  of  the  hip,  wliich  made  him  a  cripple  for  life. 
In  17S:{,  ho  was  the  first  choice  of  his  coinnuniion  for  tlio 
Hishopric  of  Connecticut ;  but  his  infirmities  compelled  him 
to  decline.     He  died  at  New  Haven,  in  1S04,  a»fed  eijjjhty-six. 

Lkak,  .Ikshk.  Of  Vir{j;inia.  At  the  peace,  accimipaiiied 
by  his  family  of  four,  and  two  servants,  he  went  from  New 
York  to  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  where  the  Crown  granted 
him  one  farm,  one  town,  and  one  water  lot.  He  became  a 
merchant,  and,  for  a  time,  was  very  prosperous.  The  almost 
simultaneous  capture  of  two  of  his  vessels  by  the  French,  re- 
duced him  to  j)overty.     He  died  about  the  year  ISO"). 

Lkavkns,  JosKiMi.  He  was  an  early  settler  of  ('anada,  an 
emigrant  from  New  York,  and,  as  I  sui)pose,  a  Loyalist.  He 
was  long  a  |)reaclier  of  the  Society  of  Friends,  and  was  highly 
beloved.  He  died  ut  Hallowell,  Canada  West,  May,  1S44, 
ajied  ninetv-two. 

Lkavitt,  Kkv.  Jonathan.  Of  Churlemont,  IMassachusetts. 
Congregational  minister.  He  was  installed  in  17(17.  Difficul- 
ties arose  ubout  the  year  1777,  which  produced  alienation  and 
separation.  Some  of  his  flock  said  he  was  an  Anninian  ; 
others  disliked  his  politics.  "  He  did  not  seem  to  share  his 
people's  zeal  for  the  Revolution  "  ;  and  he  objected  to  receive 
his  salary  in  depreciated  paper  currency,  except  at  a  rute  to 
give  him  the  umount  originally  agreed  upon.  After  rej)euted 
attempts  to  arrange  terms  of  settlement  without  success,  the 
town  voted  to  close  the  church,  and  stationed  a  constable  at 
the  door  to  prevent  Mr.  Leavitt  from  entering.  Hut  he  con- 
tinued to  preaeii  in  u  school-house,  to  those  who  were  friendly 
to  him,  for  several  years.     He  was  dismissed  in  1785.     He 


<,' 


<    I 


■  ! 


I' 


Ml 


8 


LECIIMEIIE.  — LEE. 


!   '\ 


;i 


sued  for  salary,  and  for  loss  on  paper  money,  and  recovered 
£700. 

liKCHMEKK,  llicnAUi).  Of  Boston.  An  Addresser  of 
Hiitrliinson  in  1774  ;  appointed  Mandamus  Councillor,  but 
did  not  accept.  In  1770,  lie  went  to  Halifax,  with  his  family 
of  eleven  persons,  and  thence  to  England.  He  was  proscribed 
and  banished  in  177S,  and  included  in  the  Consj)iracy  Act  of 
the  next  year.  In  1780,  his  home  was  at  Bristol.  He  died 
in  England,  in  1814,  aged  eighty-seven. 

LKciniKRK,  Nicholas.  Of  Newport,  Rhode  Islana.  Offi- 
cer of  the  Customs.  In  17(55,  fearing  the  loss  of  life  in  the  tu- 
mults there  of  that  year,  he  fled  to  the  Ci/f/nct  sloop-of-war,  and 
refused  to  return  to  his  duties  without  assurance  of  prt)tection. 
From  17G7  to  the  end  of  the  Royal  Government,  the  disagree- 
ments between  him  and  the  jxipniar  i)arty  were  frequent. 
In  December,  1775,  he  refused  to  take  the  oath  tendered  by 
General  F^ee,  and  was  conveyed,  under  guard,  to  Providence. 
He  went  to  England,  and  in  1780  was  at  Bristol. 

Lei;,  Joseph.  Of  Cambridge,  Massachusetts.  Judge  of 
Common  Pleas  for  the  county  of  Middlesex,  and  Mandamus 
Councillor ;  died  at  Cambridge,  December,  1802,  at  the  age 
of  ninety-three  years.  Though  a  Loyalist,  he  was  not  warm 
in  his  political  sentiments,  and  escaped  i)articular  notice  from 
the  Sons  of  Liberty.  Of  the  thirty-six  gentlemen  appointed 
to  the  Council,  by  mandamus,  only  ten  were  sworn  in  ;  of 
whom  Mr.  Lee  was  one ;  but  he  found  it  prudent  to  resign 
the  office.  He  was  a  graduate  of  Harvard  University,  and  a 
member  of  the  Class  of  1729. 

Lee,  JosErii.  Of  Marblehead,  Massachusetts.  An  Ad- 
dresser of  Hutchinson  in  1774  ;  died  at  Marblehead,  in  1785, 
aged  thirty-seven. 

Lee,  Samuel.  Of  Concord,  Massachusetts.  He  was  born 
ill  Boston  in  1750,  and  graduated  at  Harvard  University 
in  1770.  During  the  war,  he  was  a  merchant  at  Castine, 
Maine,  a  British  post.  At  the  j)eace,  he  removed  to  the 
Colonies  ;  lived  at  several  places,  and  held  various  civil  and 
military  offices.     He  died  at  Shediac,  in  1805,  while  on  his 


LEE.  -  LEIGH. 


9 


1  , 


return  from  Halifax  to  Ristogouclie,  aged  fifty-six.  Sarah, 
liis  widow,  died  at  Roxlniry,  Massachusetts,  in  1H81. 

Lki;,  John.  Of  (lardiner,  Maine.  He  fled  to  the  enemy. 
In  1778,  the  Commissioners  on  tlie  Estates  of  "  Absentees" 
advertised  for  claimants  to  present  their  demands,  at  the  tavern 
of  Lemuel  Goodwin,  Pownalborough. 

Lee,  Josetii.  Of  New  Jersey.  Confined  in  jail  at  Tren- 
ton, July,  177(5,  for  disaffection,  by  order  of  the  Provincial 
Congress,  subsecjui'Utly  fined  £100,  "  proclamation  money." 
Subsequently,  a  ca])tain  in  the  New  Jersey  Volunteers.  Set- 
tled in  New  Brunswick  ;  was  a  magistrate  in  York  County  in 
1792. 

Leffkkts,  liEFFEHT.  Of  Kings  County,  New  York.  Ad- 
dresser of  (Governor  Robertson  in  1778.  His  daughter  Cath- 
arine, an  amiable  and  accomplished  young  lady,  in  attempt- 
ing to  remove  a  pistol  which  she  feared  would  be  the  cause 
of  harm  to  some  of  the  children,  was  herself  instantly  killed. 

Lkffingwem,,  Tiioma.s.  Of  Norwich,  Connecticut.  A 
man  of  respectability  and  talents,  who  remained  loyal 
throughout  the  contest.  He  was  exposed  to  many  insults  ; 
was  prosecuted  and  imprisoned  ;  and  suffered  the  loss  of  j>ro- 
])erty  in  various  ways. 

LF.Kiii,  SiK  EdFUTON,  Harouet.  Of  South  Carolina.  He 
was  Attorney-General,  Surveyor-General,  and  a  member  of 
the  Council  of  that  Colonv.  His  father,  Peter  Leijih,  who 
died  in  1709,  was  Chief  Justice.  He  was  created  a  Baronet 
in  177'2,  or  the  year  following.  When  asked  to  sign  a  petition 
for  the  pardon  of  the  ill-fated  Ilayne,  he  atiswered  thwt  he 
"  trouhf  burn  Jiix  hutuJ  off'  nitlicr  than  do  an  <n'(  w  injiotoiis  to 
the  Kltuj'x  xfrvicr.'"'  This  incident  is  stated  on  the  authority 
of  Lord  Rawtlon  himself.  The  refusal  of  the  Attorney-Gen- 
eral put  an  end  to  all  hope  of  saving  Hayne ;  for,  afterwards, 
if  we  exce])t  Lieutenant-(iovernor  Bull,  not  one  Loyalist  of 
rei)ute  could  be  jiersuadi'd  to  interpose.  Sir  Egerton  arrived 
at  Dover,  England,  in  the  ship  Lord  Germa'ni,  August,  1782. 
His  wife,  by  whom  he  was  the  father  of  three  sons  and  five 
(laughters,  was  Martha,  daughter  of  Francis  Bremor,  of  South 


•ft', 

'ill 
f 


] 


f 


1 


I    'A 


'  ili 


10 


LENOX.  — LEONARD. 


Carolina.  Ho  was  succccdod  at  his  doceaso  by  liis  eldest  sur- 
viving son,  Egarton,  who  died  in  1818. 

Lknox,  Pltkr.  Of  Pliiladelphia.  In  1782,  a  Loyalist 
Associator  at  New  York,  to  settle  at  Slielburne,  Nova  Scotia, 
the  following  year,  with  his  family  of  seven  persons.  At  Hal- 
ifax, in  1784,  he  advertised  as  follows  :  —  "  Having  opened 
Business  at  the  Pontac,  begs  leave  to  thank  those  Gentlemen 
who  have  already  been  kind  enough  to  give  him  their  Encour- 
agement.   And  as  he  has  now  finished  off  several  Rooms,  for 

the  Keception  of  the  respectable  Citizens  of  this  Place,  &  laid 
in  a  Stock  of  the  most  excellent  Liquoi's,  he  takes  this  oppor- 
tunity to  assui'c  them  that  due  Attendence  will  be  constantly 
given,  except  the  First  Thursday  Night  in  every  Fortnight,  be- 
ing Assembly  Night." 

Lent,  Adolphus.  Of  Tai)pan,  New  York.  Died  in  the 
city  of  New  York  during  the  Revolution. 

Lknt,  Ahuaii  am.  Of  Tappan,  New  York.  Sou  of  Adol- 
phus.  Colonel  in  the  militia,  but  was  not  very  active.  Went 
with  his  brother  James  to  Slielburne  in  178:3,  but  returned  to 
Tappan  in  1790,  and  purchased  his  father's  mansion  with  the 
money  paid  him  by  the  British  Government  for  his  losses  as  a 
Lovalist.     He  left  one  dausihter. 

Lknt,  Jamks.  Of  Ta|)pan,  New  York.  Son  of  Adol- 
phus.  An  ensign  in  the  Queen's  Rangers.  Went  to  Sliel- 
burne, Nova  Scotia,  at  the  peace  ;  removed  to  Tusket  in  178G. 
Died  in  1838,  aged  eighty-five.  His  wife's  brother,  Garrit 
Smith,  owned  the  land  on  which  Andre  was  buried. 

Leonard,  Daniel.  Of  Taunton,  Massachusetts.  Chief 
Justice  of  the  Bermudas.  Son  of  Colonel  Ephraim  Leonard, 
who  was  a  zealous  Whig.  Ho  graduated  at  Harvard  Univer- 
sity in  1700.  He  became  a  member  of  the  General  Court, 
and  a  ])olitical  writer  of  merit.  In  1774  he  was  one  of  the 
barristers  and  attorneys,  who  were  Addressers  of  Hutchinson 
and  the  same  year  was  appointed  a  Mandamus  Councillor, 
but  was  not  sworn  into  office.  Bullets  were  fired  into  his 
liouse  by  a  mob,  and  he  took  refuge  in  Boston.  In  177(>, 
with  his  family  of  eight  persons,  he  accompanied  the  British 


LEONARD. 


11 


Armv  to  Halifax.  He  was  included  in  the  Banishment  Act 
of  1778,  and  in  the  Conspiracy  Act  of  1779.  I  conclude 
that  he  went  to  England,  and  while  there  receiveil  the  apjjoint- 
nient  of  Chief  Justice.  He  was  a  man  of  fortune.  He  had  a 
passion  for  cards,  and  was  fond  of  dress.  "  He  wore  a  broad 
gold  lace  round  the  rim  of  his  hat ;  he  had  made  his  cloak 
glitter  with  laces  still  broader ;  he  had  set  up  his  chariot  and 
pair,  and  constantly  travelled  in  it  from  Taunton  to  Boston." 
No  other  lawyer  in  all  Massachusetts,  of  ''  whatever  age,  rep- 
utation, rank,  or  station,  presumed  to  ride  in  a  coach  or  a 
chariot."  He  was  the  original  of  Beau  Trumpa^  in  Mrs.  War- 
ren's Group.  A  series  of  papers  signed  "  3Iasiiachuxetten8is,''^ 
which  John  Adams,  as  ^''  NovanijluH,'''  answered,  were,  for  a 
long  time,  attributed  to  Jonathan  Sewell ;  but  it  is  now  as- 
certained that  they  were  written  by  Mr.  Leonard.  '■'•  Massa- 
chuscth'tms''^  bear  dates  between  December,  1774,  and  April, 
1775  ;  and  were  published  three  times  in  a  single  year :  first, 
in  the  "  Massachusetts  Gazette  and  Post  Boy,"  next,  in  a  pam- 
phlet form  ;  and  last,  by  Rivington,  in  New  York.  Still  an- 
other edition  appeared  in  Boston,  in  1776.  The  replies  were 
numerous.  '•'■  NovuntjluH''''  bear  dates  between  January  and 
April,  1775.  Both  were  reprinted  in  1819,  with  a  preface, 
by  Mr.  Adams,  who  remarks  of  "  Massachmetteima"  that 
"  these  papers  were  well  written,  abounded  with  wit,  dis- 
covered good  information,  and  were  conducted  with  a  sub- 
tlety of  art  and  address  wonderfully  calculated  to  keep  up  the 
spirits  of  their  party,  to  depress  ours,"  «&c.,  &c. 

The  reader  of  these  pages  must  be  content  with  these  brief 
extracts : — 

"  I  saw  the  small  seed  of  sedition,  when  it  was  implanted : 
it  was  a  grain  of  mustard.  I  have  watched  the  plant,  until 
it  has  become  a  great  tree  ;  the  vilest  reptiles  that  crawl  upon 
the  earth,  are  concealed  at  the  root  ;  the  foulest  birds  of  the 
air  rest  on  its  branches."  Fond  of  figures  of  speech,  he  else- 
where likens  sedition  to  a  "serpent,"  and  calls  the  Committee 
of  Correspondence  the  foulest,  subtlest,  and  most  venomous 
thing  that  had  ever  issued  from  its  eggs.     Again,  he  says  the 


i 


1'  .:(l 


!     hi 


ii.  m 


i 


m 


li 


i         I  ! 

I.  '   * 


I'  ;''l 


v.< 


12 


LEONARD. 


I  'I 
I  II 


' 


1,1 


dupes  of  tlie  popular  leaders  ••'  swallowed  a  chimera  for  break- 
fast." 

In  1780,  William  Knox,  Under  Secretary  of  State  for  the 
American  De|)artment,  suwested  the  division  of  Maine,  and 
a  Province  of  the  territory  between  the  Penobscot  and  St. 
Croix  rivers,  with  Thomas  Oliver  for  Governor,  and  the  sub- 
ject of  this  notice  for  Chief  Justice.  The  ])lan  was  approved 
by  the  King  and  r^Iinistry,  but  was  abandoned  because  Wed- 
derburne,  the  Attorney-Cieneral,  gave  the  opinion  that  the 
Avhole  of  Maine  was  included  in  the  charter  of  Massachusetts. 

Mr.  Leonard  was  in  Massachusetts  in  1709,  and  again  in 
1808.  He  died  at  London,  June,  1821>,  aged  eighty-nine. 
His  Hrst  wife  was  Anna  White,  of  Taunton  ;  his  second, 
was  Sarah  Hannnock  ;  one  of  whom  died  in  180t>,  aged 
sixty-five,  on  the  i)assage  from  Bermuda  to  Providence, 
Rhode  Island.  Had  he  returned  from  banishnu'ut  and  been 
admitted  to  citizenship  in  Massachusetts,  he  would  have  in- 
herited a  large  estate  beciueathed  him  by  his  father  ;  as  it 
was,  the  proj)erty  jjassed  to  his  only  son,  Charles,  who,  about 
the  year  17l'l,  "■  entered  Harvard  College,  but  did  not  grad- 
uate"; who  was  ''subsequently  under  the  guardianship  of 
Judge  Wheaton,"  and  who  "was  found  dead  in  the  road,"  in 
Bristol  County,  Massachusetts,  in  18:?1.  Harriet,  his  young- 
est daughter,  died  at  London,  in  1849,  at  the  age  of  seventy- 
five. 

Leoxaiu),  George.  Of  Norton,  ]Massachusetts.  Clark, 
the  historian  of  Norton,  calls  him  a  "  neutral,"  and  remarks, 
ihat  "though  the  most  influential  man  in  town,  he  took  no 
active  part  in  public  affairs  during  the  wax\"  A  '•'' neutral" 
in  the  Revolution  was  a  Loyalist.  Mr.  Leonard  was  the  son 
of  Major  George  Leonard,  who  claimed  descent  from  a  noble 
family  in  England,  and  was  born  in  1098.  He  was  in  office 
from  early  manhood  until  old  age.  After  serxing  his  native 
town  in  almost  every  ca[)acity,  he  was  ai)pointed  a  Judge 
of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  in  1725  ;  a  member  of  the 
Council  in  174:1 ;  and  Judge  of  Probate,  in  1747  ;  while  in 
the  militia,  he  rose  to  the  rank  of  Colonel.     In  1740,  he  was 


LEONARD. 


18 


dismissed  from  the  bench,  in  consequence  of  his  connection 
with  tlio  famous  Land  Bank  scheme  ;  but  was  restored  six 
years  afterwards,  and  became  Chief  Justice.  He  died  in 
1778,  in  his  eighty-first  year.  "  Tradition,"  says  Clark, 
."  has  universally  given  him  a  character  above  reproach,  and 
I'epresented  him  to  be  a  man  of  much  practical  wisdom  and 
of  sterling  worth."  He  married  Rachel  Clap,  of  Scituate, 
who  bore  him  four  children,  and  who  died  in  1783,  in  lier 
eighty-second  year.  His  son,  George  Leonard,  who  was 
born  in  1729,  who  graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1748, 
who  held  several  important  offices  under  the  Colonial  Govern- 
ment, and  who,  after  the  adoption  of  the  Federal  Constitu- 
tion, was  a  mejnber  of  Congress,  died  in  1819,  at  the  age  of 
ninety.  Of  this  gentleman  it  is  said  that  "  he  v/as  a  genu- 
ine specimen  of  an  American  country  gentleman  ;"  that  "he 
was  a  kind  and  considerate  landlord,"  who  never  raised  his 
rents,  and  who  regarded  his  old  tenants  as  his  friends  ;  that 
"  lie  was  tenaciously  attached  to  old  customs,  and  wore  the 
short  breeches  and  long  stockings  to  the  day  of  his  death  ; " 
that  "  he  would  never  rear  merino  sheep  on  his  farm,  sell  his 
growing  rye  for  the  straw  manufacture,  allow  cotton-mills  to 
be  erected  on  his  streams,  or  speculate  in  stocks ; "  and  that, 
of  rigid  integrity,  he  was  never  "  guilty  of  injustice  or  op- 
pression."     ;        ' "  o  °=,    ■ 

Leonard,  Gkokoj.  Of  Massachusetts.  He  settled  in 
New  Brunswick  in  1783,  and  was  much  employed  in  public 
affairs.  The  year  of  his  arrival,  he  was  appointed  one  of  the 
agents  of  Government  to  locate  lands  granted  to  Loyalists, 
and  was  soon  after  made  a  member  of  the  Council,  and  com- 
missioned as  a  Colonel  in  the  militia.  He  died  at  Sussex 
Vale,  in  1826,  at  an  old  age.  Sarah,  his  consort,  preceded  him 
a  year,  aged  eighty-one.  His  daughter  Caroline  married  R. 
M.  Jarvis,  Esq.,  in  1805,  and  his  daughter  Maria  married 
Lieutenant  Gustavus  R.  H.  M.  Roclifort,  of  the  Royal  Navy, 
in  1814.  His  son.  Colonel  Richard  Leonard,  of  the  104th 
Regiment  of  the  British  Army,  and  Sheriff  of  the  District  of 
Niagara,  died  at  Lundy's  Lane,  Upper  Canada,  in  1833. 

VOL.   II.  2. 


If.;' 
1  iiT 


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14 


LEONARD.  —  LE  VETT. 


1    I 


I  I 


Lkoxard,  George,  Jr.  Son  of  George  Leonard.  He 
was  a  grantee  of  the  city  of  St.  John,  New  Brunswiek,  and 
removed  there  with  his  father  in  1783.  He  was  bred  to  the 
law,  and  devoted  himself  to  his  profession.  He  died  at  Sus- 
sex Vale  in  1818. 

Leonard,  George.  Of  New  York.  He  entered  the  Royal 
Army,  and  was  a  sergeant.  He  emigrated  to  New  Brunswick 
at  the  peace,  and  died  at  Deer  Island,  in  that  Province,  in 
1820,  agod  seventy-two.     His  descendants  are  numerous. 

Leslie,  Alexander.  "  Head-master  of  the  grammar- 
scliool  uf  King's  (now  Columbia)  College.'"  In  1776,  an 
Addresser  of  Lord  and  Sir  William  Howe. 

Leslie,  James.  Of  Boston.  At  the  peace,  accompanied 
by  liis  family  and  two  servants,  he  went  from  New  York  to 
Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  wliere  the  Crown  granted  him  o  ie 
farm,  one  town  and  one  water  lot.  He  was  living  at  Shel- 
burne about  the  year  180o. 

Lesney,  SxErHEN.  Of  North  Carolina.  In  the  battle  at 
Cross  Creek,  177G,  he  "  shot  Captain  Dent  in  cold  blood." 
Taken  prisoner,  and  confined  in  Halifax  jail ;  sent  finally  to 
Maryland. 

Levett,  Francis.  Of  Georgia.  Rice  planter.  Banished, 
and  estate  confiscated.  He  went  with  his  family  and  negroes 
to  Florida,  and  thence  to  the  Bahamas.  His  property  in 
Georjfia  was  restored,  and  ho  returned  to  that  State.  "Qne 
account  is,  that  he  "  introduced "  the  cotton-plant  into  the 
United  States  ;  but  this  is  a  mistake,  beyond  question,  for  that 
plant  was  known  in  Maryland  and  elsewhere  nearly  half  a 
century  before  his  earliest  experiment.  That  he  was  the  first 
to  cultivate  the  iSea  Island  cotton  is  pi'obable ;  for  we  have 
evidence  that,  in  1705,  he  was  in  Jamaica,  in  distress  ;  that 
he  was  advised  to  settle  on  some  of  the  islands  on  the  coast 
of  Georgia  ;  that  he  acted  upon  the  suggestion  ;  that  Pernam- 
buco  cotton-seed  was  sent  to  him  ;  and  that,  in  1789,  he  him- 
seli"  announced  success  beyond  his  "  most  sanguine  expecta- 
tions." He  went  to  England  subsequently,  and  died  there 
in  1805,  or  the  year  following,  leaving  a  wife  and  son  who 
came  to  Savannah  in  1807. 


w 


LEWIS.  -  LIGHTFOOT. 


16 


Lewis,  Captain 


Ho  commanded  a  band  of  Loy- 


alists. Towards  the  close  of  the  war,  ho  and  Colonel  Peter 
Horry,  of  Marion's  corps,  mot  in  deadly  conflict.  Lewis  was 
armed  with  a  musket,  while  the  Whig  officer's  <M,ly  weapon 
was  a  small  sword.  When  in  the  act  of  firing  at  Horry, 
Lewis  was  shot  from  the  woods  by  a  boy  of  the  name  of 
Gwin,  and  fell  dead  from  his  horse. 

LiGHTFOOT,  RonEKT.  Of  Rliodc  Island.  Judge  of  the 
Court  of  Vice- Admiralty  for  the  Southern  District  of  North 
America.  He  was  born  in  London  in  171G  :  belonscd  to  a 
family  of  wealth  and  respectability,  graduated  at  Oxford,  and 
studied  law  in  the  Liner  Temple.  Appointed  to  the  office 
above  mentioned,  he  entered  upon  his  duties,  but  the  climate 
South  impaired  his  health,  and  he  went  to  Newport  for  re- 
laxation and  restoration.  Delighted  with  the  place  and  with 
the  society,  he  resigned,  and  became  a  citizen.  He  was  a 
wit,  an  epicure,  "  a  perfect  encvclopiudia,"  related  anecdotes 
to  the  admiration  of  everybody,  contradicted  nobody,  was 
courted  by  every  social  and  literary  circle,  and  the  man  at 
the  table  of  the  first  characters  of  the  day.  He  detested 
pedants,  and,  aiuioyed  by  one,  who  was  ever  quoting  Homer 
and  Hc'siod,  he  asked  him  if  he  recollected  this  line :  — 
'^'- Shouhhroi  motion  kia  posteroi  veniHon.^''  "Yes,"  replied 
the  pedant ;  "  in  Hesiod."  On  a  journey  from  Newport  to 
Pomfret,  he  was  overtaken  by  a  snow-storm,  without  an 
overcoat ;  stopping  at  a  public  house,  he  was  importuned  by 
the  landlady  to  tell  his  history  and  his  business,  which  in  his 
own  vein,  he  did.  To  the  question,  "  How  many  children  he 
had  ?"  he  answered  "nine."  She  screamed  out,  "  Husband  ! 
husband !  —  come  here ;  here  is  a  man  with  nine  children, 
and  never  wears  a  great-coat,  when  I  have  made  you  a 
dozen,  and  we  never  had  one  !  " 

His  sisters,  who  kept  their  chariot  in  London,  supported  him 
for  many  years.  He  removed  to  Plainfield,  Coiuiecticut,  and 
died  there,  suddenly,  in  171)4.  His  only  daughter,  Fanny, 
who  was  amiable,  well  informed,  and  much  respected,  sur- 
vived him  many  years,  and  lived  with  William  Robinson, 
at  Newport,  until  her  decease. 


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16 


LIGHTLY.  —  LILLIE. 


LuJHTi.Y,  Wii.MAM.  Probably  an  inhabitant  of  Connec- 
ticut. In  ITTf)  he  was  em[)loye(l  by  Joshua  Winslow,  a  dis- 
tinguished Loyalist  of  Boston,  to  proceed  in  the  Brigantine 
Naneij  from  Stonington  to  New  York, — and  tlience,  as  was 
supposed,  to  Boston,  —  with  a  cargo  of  molasses.  The  Pro- 
vincial Congress  of  Massachusetts  addressed  Governor  Trum- 
bull, of  Connecticut,  on  the  subject,  and  suggested  the  j)roprietv 
of  detaining  both  vessel  and  merchandise,  "  rather  than  to 
suffer  them  to  fall  into  the  hands  of  General  Gage,  when  they 
would  be  improved  to  the  support  of  our  enemies."  At  this 
time  (July  12,  1775,)  Lightly  had  been  seized,  was  then  in 
custody,  and  ordered  to  be  committed  to  jail  at  Concord, 
Massachusetts.  From  a  letter  of  Governor  Trumbull  to 
Washington,  at  a  subsequent  period,  it  appears  that  the  vessel 
and  molasses  were  removed  to  Norwich,  and  placed  in  the 
care  of  the  Committee  of  Inspection  and  Correspondence. 
This  incident,  besides  introducing  the  name  of  Lightly,  will 
serve  to  show  the  manner  of  disposing  of  the  property  of 
Loyalists. 

LiGHTON,  John.  Died  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick, 
1822,  aged  seventy. 

LiLLiE,  THEoriiir,us.  Merchaut,  of  Bostx^n.  He  was 
one  of  those  denounced  as  "  Importers,"  contrary  to  the  non- 
importation agreement,  made  by  two  hundred  and  eleven 
merchants  and  traders  in  1708,  and  renewed  by  the  principal 
part  of  that  number  in  1770.  On  tlie  22d  of  February,  of 
the  last  named  year,  some  persons  erected  near  his  store  a 
large  wooden  head,  fixed  on  a  pole,  on  which  the  faces  of 
several  "  Importers  "  were  carved.  One  Richardson,  who 
was  regarded  as  an  "  Informer,"  endeavored  to  persuade  some 
countrymen  with  teams  to  run  the  post  down,  but  they, 
understanding  the  nature  of  the  pageantry,  declined.  Rich- 
ardson foolishly  attempted  to  possess  himself  of  the  teams, 
when  a  crowd  of  boys  pelted  him,  and  drove  him  into  his 
house.  A  multitude  gathered  ;  noise,  angry  words,  and  the 
throwing  of  stones  followed,  and  Richardson,  finally,  dis- 
charged one   musket   from  his  door,  and  another   from   his 


:;i 


*'V'.*.J 


LINDSAY.  —  LIPPINCOTT. 


17 


window.  Cliristoplier  Snider,  a  boy  of  eleven,  received  a 
mortal  wound  in  liis  breast,  and  was  the  first  martyr  of 
liberty.  He  was  buried  on  the  'JOth  ;  four  or  five  hundred 
schoolboys,  in  couples,  preceding  his  remains  ;  six  of  his  play- 
fellows sui)porting  his  pall  ;  his  relatives,  about  thirteen  hun- 
dred of  the  inhabitants,  and  thirty  chariots  and  chaises,  fol- 
lowing in  procession.  From  this  imposing  funeral,  until 
March  5th,  lioston  was  in  a  state  of  commotion  ;  and  on  the 
evening  of  that  day  occurred  the  affray  between  the  jieople 
and  the  soldiers,  which  is  known  as  the  Boston  Massacre. 
Lillie  was  an  Addresser  of  Hutchinson  in  1774,  and  went  to 
Haliihx,  in  1770,  at  the  evacuation.  He  died  previous  to 
July  J'(5,  1778.  Jacob  Cooper,  of  Boston,  administered  on 
his  estate. 

Lindsay,  Samiiel.  Of  Pennsylvania.  He  was  solicited 
to  join  the  Whigs,  and  was  offered  the  commission  of  Major 
in  the  Continental  Army.  After  his  manly  avowal  of  loy- 
alty, he  was  furnished  with  a  pass  to  join  Sir  William  Howe, 
who  appointed  him  a  Captairi  in  De  Tiancey's  corps,  and  In»- 
spector  of  the  (tuides.  At  the  jieace  he  settled  in  Canada. 
He  died  at  Montreal,  in  1818,  aged  eighty-five. 

LixDSKV,  RoiJKUT.  Of  Charleston,  South  Carolina.  An 
Addresser  of  Sir  Henry  Clinton  in  1780;  also  a  Petitioner 
to  be  armed  on  the  side  of  the  Crown.  Banished  in  1782, 
and  property  confiscated.  He  went  to  England,  and  died 
there  in  ISo":}. 

Linn,  John.  He  was  a  native  of  Marvland,  but  emigrated 
to  New  Jersey  about  sixty  years  prior  to  his  death,  and  died 
at  Belvidere,  in  that  State,  June  '28,  1841,  aged  one  lunulred 
and  eight  years.  He  remembered  the  boyhood  of  Washing- 
ton ;  but,  in  consequence  of  his  political  attachments,  was  not 
fond  of  speaking  of  the  events  of  the  Revolution.  He  was  a 
carpenter,  and,  when  a  young  man,  assisted  in  building  a  log 
Court-House  near  the  site  of  the  city  of  Washington. 

LiPPiNCOTT,  RicHAKD.  Of  New  Jersey.  In  the  military 
service  of  the  Crown,  and  a  captain.  He  was  born  in  1745. 
He  murdered  the  Whig  captain  Joshua  Huddy,  and  obtained 

2* 


V'  ill 


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Mi 


Il'l 


18 


LIPPINCOTT. 


an  infamous  and  general  notoriety  for  the  deed,  both  in  Amer- 
ica and  Europe.  In  March,  1782,  the  Wiiigs  liad  made  a 
Tory,  of  the  name  of  Philip  White,  prisoner,  and  while  con- 
veying him  to  camp,  he  attempted  to  escape.  Though  warned 
to  stop,  he  continued  to  run  until  he  was  cut  down.  Soon 
after,  Lippincott  was  sent  by  the  Board  of  Loyalists  at  New 
York  to  Middleton-point,  or  Sandy  Hook,  with  Iluddy'and 
two  other  prisoners ;  and  on  his  return,  he  reported  that  he 
had  exchanged  the  two,  and  that  "  lluddy  had  been  ex- 
changed (ov  f  iiilip  White ;  "  when,  in  fact,  he  had  hung  Ilud- 
dy,  in  retaliation,  on  a  tree  on  the  Jersey  shore.  Washington 
immediately  demanded  of  Sir  Henry  Clinton  that  Lippincott 
should  be  surrendered,  but  the  Hoard  of  Loyalists  interposed, 
and  the  demand  was  refused.  Washington  then  determined 
to  retaliate  on  a  prisoner  in  his  possession,  and  selected,  by  lot. 
Captain  Asgill,  of  the  Guards,  the  heir  and  hope  of  an  ancient 
family  of  England,  and  fixed  the  time  for  his  execution. 
Asgill's  mother,  on  learning  the  condition  of  her  son,  im- 
plored Vergennes,  the  French  Minister,  to  interti3re  to  save 
him.  Her  pathetic  appeal  was  published,  and  excitcfl  sym- 
pathy throughout  England  and  France.  The  unfortunate 
youth  was  finally  released  by  onler  of  Congress,  and  lived  to 
become  Sir  Charles  Asgill,  and  a  General  in  the  British  Army. 
He  died  in  1823,  aged  seventy. 

Washington  having  failed  in  his  a|)plication  to  the  British 
Commander-in-Chief,  Captain  Hyler,  a  famed  ])artisan  leader 
in  nautical  adventures,  projected  a  plan  to  make  Lippincott 
liis  prisoner.  On  inquiry,  the  Whig  ascertained  that  the 
Loyalist  lived  in  a  well-known  house  in  Broad  Street,  New 
York  ;  and  in  disguise  proceeded  to  that  city  in  the  night  ; 
and,  leaving  his  boat  at  Whitehall,  in  charge  of  his  men,  went 
directly  to  Lippincott's  abode,  but  he  was  absent,  "  and  gone 
to  a  cock-pit."  Hyler,  not  to  be  foiled  entirely,  went  on  board 
of  a  sloop  at  anchor  off"  the  Battery,  cut  her  cables,  hoisted 
her  sails,  and  by  daylight  had  carried  her  to  Elizabethtown, 
and  landed  her  cargo,  which  consisted  of  forty  hogsheads  of 
rum. 


i.^-. 


:'? 


LIPPINCOTT. 


lU 


Lippiricott,  after  tlic  Ui'volution,  went  to  England,  to  claim 
compensation  for  liis  scrvicL-s  and  losses.  IIo  obtained  the 
halt-pay  of  a  captain,  for  life,  anfl  the  j,nant  of  three  thousand 
acres  of  land  in  York,  (now  Toronto,)  upon  wiiich  he  settled, 
about  the  year  175M.  lie  died  at  Toronto,  in  1H20,  in  his 
citfhty-second  year.  His  only  child,  Esther  liorden,  married 
Georjjfe  Taylor  Dennison. 

As  I  write,  (Jainiary,  1^(51,)  more  than  thirteen  years 
liave  elapsed  since  the  publication  of  the  first  edition  of  this 
work  ;  and  the  accuracy  of  my  conclusions,  upon  the  evidence, 
lias  been  disputed,  as  far  as  I  am  informed,  barely  twice ;  — 
namelv,  in  the  case  of  the  younger  Oliver  I)e  Lancey,  and  in 
that  before  me.  In  all  courtesy  and  gentleness  to  the  persons 
who  feel  aggrieved,  I  defend  the  integrity  of  my  text  in  both. 

As  relates  to  Ijippincott,  his  grandson,  George  T.  Denni- 
son, Jr.,  addresseil  me  a  long  letter,  December  f),  184U,  in 
which  he  goes  over  the  whole  ground  ;  and  concludes  that, 
in  using  the  term  ''murdered,"  I  "inadvertently  fell  into  an 
error,  no  doubt  froni  the  want  of  better  information,"  &c. 
Mr.  Dennison,  if  my  memory  serves,  was  at  the  time  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Provincial  Parliament.  Be  this  as  it  may,  the  tone 
of  his  communication  is  entirely  unexceptionable,  and  shows 
a  cultivated  mind  and  a  warm  and  generous  heart.  His  an- 
cestor shall  have  justice  at  my  hands ;  and  I  gladly  transfer 
to  these  pages  such  parts  of  his  letter  as  my  limits  will  allow. 
He  rcimarks  that  "  Captain  Lipi)incott  was  naturally  u  person 
of  the  most  harndess  and  ijuiet  disjjosition  "  ;  that  "  White 
was  half-brother  to  his  wife,"  and  that  he  was  "  exasperated 
by  the  butchery  of  an  iimocent  relative,"  who,  "  found  on  a 
visit  to  his  mother's  house,  was  treated  by  Huddy  as  a  spy  "  ; 
and,  speaking  of  his  grandfather's  residence  in  C-anada,  he 
says :  —  "  The  old  man  was  respected  by  all  who  knew  him  in 
this  country,  rich  and  jwor,  and  was  well  known  to  all  the  old 
Loyalists  who  settled  there";  that  "persons  came  uninvited 
thirty  or  forty  miles  to  pay  their  last  tribute  to  his  memory  "  ; 
that  "hundreds  still  living  would  repudiate  the  character" 
I  give  him,  "  as  a  man  and  a  soldier  "  ;  that  "  he  was  true  to 


',V, 


J 


-4 


20 


LIPPINCOTT. 


Ills  SovtMH'ijjn,  both   in   prospority  and   in   peril,  and   nobly 
niiiintaint'd  tlio  Lippinoott  family  motto,  ^  SvckhiIhh  ilnfn'i'm^in' 

Tlieso  arc  tho  nrntorial  points  wliidi  toncli  the  fjonoral 
reputation  of  the  subject  of  this  notice.  As  concerns  the 
particular  act  in  dispute,  Mr.  I  )ennison  observes:  "Indeed  tho 
truth  is,  as  I  have  always  heard  it  declared  by  himself  an»l 
others,  that  ho  had  authority  from  Sir  Henry  Clinton  himself 
to  han<;  Iluddy  in  retaliation  for  White ;  —  and  the  sequel 
certainly  bears  out  that  position." 

This  brink's  us  to  an  examination  of  tho  testimony,  from 
which  it  will  be  seen  that  Sir  Henry  and  his  successor  rt>n- 
dcmufd  Lippincott's  conduct  positively  and  unequivocally. 
Tho  Hndinj;  of  tho  British  court-martial  was  in  these  words : 
—  tho  italics  are  my  own  —  "  Tho  Court  having  considered 
the  evidence  for  and  against  the  Captain,  and  it  api)earing  that 
(^lilthiiiijih  Jitxhtiit  Umldii  iran  I'ji'cufi'il  without  jtrajwr  (iiithar- 
itji^  what  the  prisoner  did  was  not  the  effect  of  malice  or  ill 
will,  but  proceeded  from  a  coiiviction  that  it  was  his  duty  to 
obey  tho  orders  of  tho  Boaiil  of  Directors  of  Associated  Loy- 
alists, and  his  not  doubtliiii  their  having  full  authoritv  to  give 
such  orders,  the  Court  is  of  opinion  that  he  is  not  guilty  of  the 
murder  laid  to  his  charge,  and  therefore  acquit  him." 

Such  is  the  record  ;  and  it  is  a  fact  of  some  signiticance, 
that  Governor  Franklin,  President  of  the  Hoard  under  whom 
Lippincott  acted,  embarked  for  England  before  tho  investiga- 
tion was  terminated.     And  why  should  not  my  text  stand  ? 

April  lU,  1782,  Washington  submitted  the  case  of  Huddy 
"  to  the  General  and  Staff'  Officers  of  the  Arr.iv,  '  cf  wliom 
twenty-ffve  replied  in  writing;  and  affirmed  l^.it  l.i;/i"  .ott 
committed  "  murder."  Two  days  after,  the  l  .Ji.iuuuuler-in- 
Chief  himself  stated  his  views  to  Sir  Henry  Clinton,  and  re- 
^^ated  the  word  "  murder,"  and  demanded  that  tho  "  mur- 
dt;;-r  "  should  b(^  given  up.  In  July  of  the  same  year,  Wash- 
jngUii.  in  fv  letter  t-)  Sir  Guy  Carleton,  who  had  succeeded  to 
t)"'"^  co!n!i.uiid  of  the  British  Army,  again  used  the  term 
"munlei  "     So,  t  >u,  in  communicating  with  the  President 


^- 


LI8TKR.— I.IT'i'.E. 


21 


I 


wor'N : 

fjnor'v! 


of  Conj.;ro»8,  n  inoiitli  Inter,  tlir  Wliiji  ('In'*'*  spoko  of  the 
"  iinirdrr  "  (if  IIikMv  ;  and  avoirru  iltat  tli(.ii<^li  Lippincott 
had  l)fc'ii  aniuitti'd  liy  tlio  Hoard  of  Uefu;^('<'s,  Sir  (Juy  •'  rep- 
robates tliii  im-asinv  in  luu'qnivocal  terms,  and  lias  ^iven  as- 
surance of  prosecuting^  a  further  in(|uiry." 

Mr.  S|)ailvs  conipk'tea  the  evidence.  I  (|Uote  his  oxnot 
'■  III  the  public  otHces  of  fjonchtii,"  lie  writes,  "  I  was 
>vi'1i  iiie  perusal  of  all  the  conununications  of  Sir 
Ifi-nry  Olinton  and  Sir  (Juy  Carleton  to  the  Ministry  on  this 
atluir  i.l  Captain  Iluddy  ;  and  justice  reipiires  uie  to  say  that 
those  commanders  expressed  the  stron<;'est  indipmtion  and 
abl  rreiu'c  at  his  execution,  and  used  every  possible  effort  to 
as^certain  the  offenders  and  l)rin<;  them  to  j)uni8linient." 

In  concludinji  this  article,  I  deliberately  pronounce  the 
jjeneral  course  of  the  "  /finord/ih'  Board  of  Associated  Loy- 
alists "  distfraceful.  Had  they  not  authorized  pillage,  had 
not  their  privateers  —  nay  —  their  /ttndc  luxitx,  and  tlu'ir 
bands  of  land  marauders  plundered  houses,  and  robbed  and 
insulted  unoffendin<j;  women  and  children,  the  warfare  in  the 
reffioii  of  Lonii;  Island  and  in  New  Jersey  would  have  been 
far  different ;  and  horrors,  at  which  humanity  revolts,  would 
not  have  stained  the  records  of  the  Revolutionary  era. 

LisrKU,  Thomas.  He  entered  the  military  service  of  the 
Crown,  and  in  178*2  was  a  captain  in  I)e  Lancoy's  Third 
Battiilion.  At  the  peace  he  settled  in  New  lirnnswick,  and 
was  a  major  in  the  militia.  After  a  residence  of  some  years 
in  that  Province,  he  returned  to  the  I'nited  States.  He  re- 
ceived half-pay. 

LisiKK,  Benjamin.  In  17iS2,  he  was  a  lieutenant  in  Do 
Lancey's  Second  Battalion.  He  settled  in  New  Brunswick  at 
the  close  of  the  war,  and  in  1784  a  lot  was  ifianteil  to  him  in 
the  citv  of  St.  .John.  In  the  winter  of  18015,  while  travelling 
in  a  sloioli  on  tlii>  ice,  he  broke  throuiih  and  was  drowned. 


II 


e  received 


1  half 


l"»y" 


Lrrri.K,  Woodhuhk;!  ,  Of  Pittstield,  Massachusetts.  At- 
torney-at-law.  Graduated  at  Yale  College  in  1700.  In 
177i)    his   comluct    chew    u[)on    him    the    indignation   of  the 


'J! 


}    \\ 


I 


: 


!    ■  V' 

'I.     ';  ' 


I 


I'l 


11   • 


|lll 


''>'(,':/ 


9"T! 


LIVERMORE.  —  LIVIUS, 


,:i    I 


Wliigs,  and  wlien  a  hue  and  cry  was  raised  against  him,  he 
fled  to  New  York  for  safety.     He  died  in  1813. 

LivKKMouK,  Jonathan.  Of  New  Hampsliire.  Congre- 
gational minister.  He  was  born  in  Northborongh,  Massachu- 
setts, in  178*J,  and  graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  17<>0. 
In  1708  he  was  ordained  at  Wilton.  In  1777  he  was  dis- 
missed from  his  jteople,  in  consequence  of  pohtical  differences. 
He  died  at  Wilton,  in  1805',  in  his  eiglitieth  year. 

LivixfJSTON,  Phimp  J.  He  gave  notice  in  1780  to  "those 
wlio  liave  petitioned  for  houses  and  lands  of  persons  in  rebel- 
lion," to  call  on  him  at  Hell  Gate,  "  and  receive  answers  to 
their  petitions."  The  object  was,  to  relieve  the  loyal  subjects 
driven  from  their  possessions,  by  dividing  among  them  the 
property  of  the  rebels,  in  small  lots,  and  in  proportion  to  the 
number  of  claimants  from  the  destitute  reftmee  families.  In 
1773  he  was  petitioner  for  lands  in  Nova  Scotia.  [See  Ahijah 
Wilhrd] 

Livius,  Peter.  Of  Portsmouth,  New  Hampshire.  A 
member  of  the  Council  under  the  Royal  Government  ;  was 
proscribed  by  the  Act  of  1778,  and  died  in  England,  in  17!'5, 
aged,  it  is  supposed,  about  sixty-eight  years.  Of  the  mem- 
bers of  the  Council  of  New  Hampshire,  in  1772,  seven  were 
relatives  of  the  Governor.  Havino;  been  left  out  of  commis- 
sion  as  a  Justice  of  the  Common  Pleas,  on  the  division  of  the 
Province  into  counties,  when  new  appointments  were  made, 
and  dissenting  from  the  views  of  the  Council  as  to  the  disposi- 
tion of  reserved  lands  in  grants  made  by  a  former  Governor, 
Livius  went  to  England,  and  exhibited  to  the  Lords  of  Trade 
several  and  serious  charges  against  the  administration  of  which 
he  was  a  member.  These  charges  were  rigidly  investigated, 
but  were  finally  dismissed.  Livius  appears,  however,  to  have 
gained  nnich  popularity  among  those  in  New  Hampshire  who 
were  o[)posed  to  the  (Governor,  and  who  desired  his  removal ; 
and  was  appointed,  by  their  influence.  Chief  Justice  of  the 
Province.  But  as  it  was  thought  that  tlie  appointment,  un- 
der the  circumstances,  was  likely  to  produce  discord,  he  was 
transferred  to  a  more  lucrative  office  in  the  Province  of  Que- 


i 


ceasm< 

on  the 

people, 

under 

pro  vet 

Revolt 

he  wa 

tellect, 

profess 

mingle 

univer- 

ile  of 

friends 

and  til 

war,  ci 


T"  ^* 


LIZENBY LLOYD. 


28 


hoc.  Livius  was  of  foreign  extraction,  and,  as  would  seem,  a 
gentleman  of  strong  feeling's.  Ho  wrote  to  General  John 
Sullivan  from  Canada,  to  induce  him  to  abandon  the  Whig 
cause.  The  letter  was  published.  Mr.  Livius  possessed  a 
handsome  fortune.  He  was  educated  abroad,  but  received  an 
honorary  degree  from  Harvard  University  in  1707. 

LiZKNH^,  Ralph.  Of  New  York.  Went  to  St.  John, 
New  Brunswick,  in  1783,  and  settled  at  Carleton.  After 
the  loss  of  his  wife,  removed  to  England,  and  had  charge 
of  the  King's  Dock,  in  Liverj)ool.  He  died  in  1823.  His 
daughter,  Mary,  married  Andrew  Bowman  ;  her  son,  John 
Lizenby  Bowman,  (now  deceased,)  was  a  highly  respectable 
citizen  of  Eastport,  Maine. 

Lloyd,  James.  Of  Boston.  He  was  born  on  Long  Island 
ill  1728  ;  was  educated  in  Connecticut ;  studied  medicine  for 
a  time  in  Boston  ;  attended  the  London  hospitals  two  years ; 
and,  I'eturning  to  Boston,  in  1752,  obtained  an  extensive  prac- 
tice. A  moderate  Loyalist,  he  remained  in  that  town  while 
occupied' by  the  British  troops,  zealously  devoted  to  his  pro- 
fession. In  the  French  war,  Sir  William  Howe  (then  a 
Colonel)  was  dangerously  ill  at  Boston,  and  ever  after  grate- 
fully and  |)ublicly  attributed  his  recovery  to  the  skill  and  un- 
ceasing attention  of  Dr.  Lloyd  ;  and  when,  in  177"),  he  came 
on  the  hopeless  mission  of  subduing  a  wronged  and  roused 
people,  lie  immediately  renewed  the  acquaintance  formed 
under  circumstances  so  interesting  to  himself,  and,  as  events 
l)roved,  to  the  Anglo-Saxon  race.  At  the  beginning  of  the 
Revolution,  Dr.  Lloyd  was  a  happy  man.  His  wife,  to  whom 
he  was  ardently  attached,  was  a  lady  of  refinement  and  in- 
tellect, and  his  children  gave  promise  of  distinction.  Li  his 
profession,  he  was  known  abroad  as  well  as  at  home.  He 
mingled  in  the  highest  social  circles,  and  was  an  object  of 
universal  respect.  There  came  a  fearful  change.  The  ex- 
ile of  family  connections ;  the  alienation  of  old  and  intimate 
friends,  who  espoused  the  popular  side  ;  the  death  of  two  sons  ; 
and  the  general  disorders,  animosities,  and  devastations  of  civil 
war,  caused  a  depres.sion  of  spirits  from  which  he  recovered 


'f 

1 1- 

>< 

i !' 

!■'   I 


'I    ,    ):1 


k    M 


i  ■  '  'I 


V' 


,!    ) 


! 


24 


LLOYD. 


slowly,  and  after  the  lapse  of  several  years.  lie  owned  an 
estate  on  Long  Island,  New  York,  of  which  the  Royal  Army 
took  possession,  and  three  thousand  acres  of  which  were  strip- 
ped of  a  valuable  growth  of  wood.  Fuel  was  scarce  and  dear 
at  New  York,  and  it  is  said  that  fortunes  were  made  by  per- 
sons who  committed  the  waste,  to  supply  the  troops  and  the 
inhabitants  of  the  city.  In  1789,  he  went  to  England  to  ob- 
tain compensation.  On  being  told  that  an  allowance  would 
be  granted  on  declaring  himself  a  British  subject,  he  at  once 
declined.  Informed  that  a  declaration  of  his  intention  to  be- 
come such,  at  a  future  period,  would  serve  to  bring  him  within 
the  rule  adopted  by  the  Government  in  considering  the  claims 
of  Loyalists  for  losses  ;  he  replied,  that  lie  had  no  design  to 
renew  his  allegiance,  and  would  neither  affirm  nor  intimate  a 
falsehood.  He  returned  to  Hoston,  without  success;  but  with 
his  integrity  and  self-respect  unimpaired. 

He  was  highly  accomplislied  in  all  branches  of  his  profes- 
sion ;  and  in  surgery  and  midwifery  was  without  a  superior, 
probably,  in  New  England.  He  kept  a  genteel  equipage,  and 
entertained  company  with  great  liberality.  He  was  an  Epis- 
copalian, and  worshipped  at  Trinity  Church.  He  died  in 
1810,  aged  eighty-two.  Sarah,  his  wife,  deceased  in  1797, 
aged  sixty-three.  His  son,  Hon.  James  Lloyd,  was  Senator 
to  Congress  from  Massachusetts. 

Lloyd,  Henry.  Of  Boston.  Agent  of  the  contractors 
for  su])plying  the  Royal  Army  ;  was  an  Addresser  of  Gage 
in  177).  In  177G  he  went  to  Halifax,  and  was  i)roscribed 
and  banislied  in  1778.  He  died  at  London  late  in  1795,  or 
early  in  ]79t),  aged  eighty-six. 

Lloyd,  Hknhy.  Of  New  York.  Brother  of  James  Lloyd. 
He  was  born  August  6,  1709.  He  was  attainted,  and  in  the 
Act  is  denominated,  "Henry  Lloyd,  the  elder,  late  of  Massa- 
chusetts Bay."  Some  time  after  the  confiscation  of  his  estate, 
his  brother  John  purchased  it  of  the  Conunissioners  of  F'  "- 
feitures.  The  Lloyds  were  ancient  and  extensive  land  own- 
ers ;  the  manor  of  Queen's  Village,  Long  Island,  having  been 
in  possession  of  the  family  as  early  as  1679. 


.^.l,' 


LOCKLIN.  — LONG. 


25 


n 


Loc'KLiN,  Martin.  Of  Charleston,  Soutli  Carolina.  In 
June,  1775,  he  was  tarred  and  feathered,  and  carted  through 
the  streets  of  that  city.  It  is  believed  that  he  and  Dealey, 
who  was  his  companion  in  this  punishment,  were  the  first 
victims  to  tar  and  feathers  in  Soutli  Carolina.  The  Secret 
Committee  of  Charleston  was  at  this  time  comi)Osed  of  the 
most  distinguished  Whigs,  and  they  must  —  from  the  circum- 
stances —  have  permitted,  if  they  did  not  directly  authorize, 
the  outrage. 

LocooK,  Aaron.  Of  Charleston,  South  Carolina.  An 
Addresser  of  Sir  Henry  Clinton  in  1780.  Was  banished  in 
1782,  and  his  projierty  confiscated.  He  was  a  member  of 
the  Provincial  Congress  in  1775,  when  his  sympathies,  very 
pi'obably,  were  with  the  Whigs. 

Loi)KR,  Jacob.  Died  at  Sheffield,  New  Brunswick,  1817, 
aged  seventy-one  years. 

Logan,  Walter.  Comptroller  of  the  Customs  at  Perth 
Amboy,  New  Jersey.  In  Decembei*,  1775,  when  about  to 
remove  his  fiimily  from  Needham,  Massachusetts,  to  that 
port,  he  was  ordered  by  Washington  to  remain  on  parole.  In 
September,  1776,  his  official  relations  to  the  Crown  were  at 
an  end  ;  and,  distressed  in  circumstances,  he  petitioned  the 
Council  of  Massachusetts  for  leave  to  embark  for  England, 
with  his  wife  and  son.     Permission  was  "ranted. 

Long,  John.  The  following  incident  occurred  on  the 
Waldo  Patent,  Maine.  "'  Among  the  many  who  were  drawn 
to  this  quarter  from  other  places  for  the  sake  of  carrying  on 
intercourse  with  the  British  [at  (^astine]  was  one  Captain 
John  Long,  who  frecpiently  passed  to  and  fro,  plotting 
schemes  of  mischief.  Being  found  at  Warren,  on  one  occa- 
sion, the  people  undertook  to  arrest  him.  Seeing  himself 
surrounded,  with  no  chance  of  escape,  he  brandished  his 
knife,  and  threatened  the  life  of  any  one  who  should  ap- 
proach. This  caused  a  little  hesitation  ;  but  the  circle  grad- 
ually contracted  around  him,  till  he  was  seized  by  John 
Sjjcar,  from  whose  grasp,  once  fixed,  there  was  no  disengage- 
ment, and   was  disarmed,    pinioned,   and   taken    to  Waldo- 

VOL.  II.  3 


"{ 


':!■ 


1  \: 


I 


'Ul 


5    .1 


I'i      I 


i  1 


^      ' 


26 


LONG.  — LOOSELY. 


' '  !  'i 


boroii>fli,  oil  hovsoback.  A  party  tlieiv  undertook  to  c^oiuluct 
Iiim  to  the  county  jail,  but,  somohow  or  othur,  he  found 
means  to  effect  his  escape  tliis  time ;  thougli  in  1781  he  was 
again  apprehended  in  Camden,  and  sent  all  the  way  to  Boa- 
ton,  uniler  the  care  of  Philip  Robbins  of  Stirlington." 

Loxci,    TiioMA8.      Of  New    Jersey.       Executed    in    that 
State,  in  1779. 

LoosKi.Y,  CnAUi,Kri.  Landlord  of  the  Kin<>;'s  Head  T.ivern, 
Lony;  Island,  New  York.  ( )n  the  birthday  of  the  Prince  of 
Wales.  1780,  he  wished  to  see  his  I^oyal  friends,  he  said,-^ — 
would  iiive  them  dinner  at  three,  entertain  them  with  j^ood 
music,  and  fireworks  and  illuminations  ;  and  he  exi)ected 
that  Rebels  would  come  no  nearer  to  him  than  the  Heights 
of  IJrooklyn.  So,  on  the  anniversary  of  the  coronation  of 
the  King,  the  same  year,  he  would  celebrate  the  event,  and 
would  have  tlie  Rebels  keej)  as  fiir  away  as  Flatbush  Wood. 
Again,  in  1780,  and  during  the  horse-race  appointed  on  Flat- 
lands  Plain,  gentlemen  fond  of  fox-hunting  would  meet  at 
his  house  at  daybreak,  where  GoiJ  xarr  tin'  K'nuj  would  be 
played  every  hour.  Still  again,  in  1781,  on  the  occasion  of 
a  bull-baiting  "after  the  true  English  manner,"  he  would 
give  a  dinner  exactly  British,  at  two  o'clock  ;  and,  near  the 
close  of  the  year,  a  day  or  two  before  another  hunt,  he  would 
give  a  guinea  or  more  for  "a  good  strong  fox.""  These  inci- 
dents inform  us  of  some  of  the  pastimes  of  the  liritish  officers 
and  Loyalists  while  in  and  near  the  city  of  New  York. 

We  follow  Loosely  to  far  different  scenes,  and  to  Shelbnrne, 
Nova  Scotia.  A  fellow-Loyalist  who  was  there  January, 
1785,  said  :  "  All  tmr  golden  promises  are  vanished  in  smoke. 
We  were  taught  to  believe  that  this  ]tlace  was  not  barren  and. 
foggy,  as  had  been  rej)resenled,  but  we  find  it  ten  times 
woi'se.  We  have  nothing  but  liis  Majesty's  rotten  porkand 
imbaked  Hour  to  subsist  on.  '  But  can't  you  bake  it,  seeing 
it  is  a  wooden  country  ? '  Only  come  here  yourself,  and 
you  '11  soon  learn  the  reason.  It  is  the  most  inhospitable 
clime  that  ever  mortal  set  foot  on.  Loosely  keeps  hotel 
here.""     I  will  barely  add  that  the  real,  every-day  history  of 


'1^ 


LORD.— LORINfJ. 


27 


[■ 


Shelburne,  in  its  siuldon  rise  ami  disastrous  fall,  would  add  au 
intcrestiiij;'  c'liaptcr  to  the  distresses  of  the  uuhappy  l^oyalists. 
.Loud,  Joskimi.  Of  Cumberland  County,  New  Ilamp- 
sliire  Grants.  In  17<l»)  he  was  appointed  Judoe  of  the  Court 
of  Conunon  I'leas.  His  loyalty  is  seen  in  a  letter  to  (Tovernor 
Tryoii  in  1772,  when  he  wished  to  resign.  He  was  in  his 
sixty-eighth  year,  he  said  ;  was  infirm,  and  wished  to  retire 
"  to  concern  himself  in  nothing  else  but  doing  good,  .  .  . 
praying  for  the  King,  your  Excellency,  and  all  others  the 
•  King's  officers,"  «&e.  ,    c      .    » 

.  LoKiN(i,  Joshua.  Of  ^Massachusetts,  A  Mandamus 
Councillor.  Proscribed  and  banished.  He  went  to  England, 
.and  died  at  Hio-hjiate  in  1781.  He  was  sometimes  called 
"  Connuodore  lA)ring,""  by  persons  here  ;  and  in  the  notice  of 
his  decease  it  is  said  he  was  "one  of  the  oldest  Captains  in 
the  Koyal  Navy,  and  late  Connuodore  on  the  Flakes  of  North 
America."  In  May,  1770,  the  Committee  on  Confiscated 
Estates  advertised  for  sale  his  "  large  n;ansion-liouse,  con- 
venient outhouses,  and  gardens,  planted  with  fruit-trees,  to- 
gether with  about  sixty-five  acres  of  mowing  land,'"  t.^'c.,  in 
Roxbury,  Jamaica  Plain  ;  also  a  large  dwelling-house  and 
garden  in  IJoston,  '•  next  to  the  South  writing-school,  atljoin- 
injj:  on  the  Connnon.  ' 

try 

liOUiNd,  JosiiiA,  Jif.  Of  Massachusetts.  An  Addresser 
of  Hutchinson  in  1774,  andot  (Tage  in  177").  One  of  the 
last  official  acts  of  the  latter  in  Boston  was  his  i)roclamation 
of  Juui!  7,  177'"),  appointing  Mr.  Loring  "sole  vendue-master 
and  auctioneer."  In  177ti  he  went  to  Halifax  with  the 
Royal  y\rniy  ;  and,  early  the  next  year,  he  was  ai)pointed 
Commissary  of  Prisoners  by  Sir  William  Howe.  In  177H 
he  was  proseribeil  and  banished.  He  died  in  England,  in 
1781t,  aged  forty-five.  'I'he  writers  of  the  Revolu.tionary 
time!  charge  him  with  great  cruelties  to  the  unfortunate 
Whigs,  of  whom  he  had  the  care  ;  but  it  is  not  easv  to  as- 
certain the  truth,  or  to  determine  his  personal  res])onsibility 
in  the  treatment  of  prisoners.  His  wife  was  a  Miss  Lloyd, 
to  whom  he  was  married  at  the  house  of  Colonel  Hatch,  Dor- 


^fL'i'i 


,1!     ^ 
(i 


''   I 


III 


;r 


28 


LOllTNG.  —  LOTT. 


cliester,  in  1701>.  His  son,  John  Wentworth  Loring,  was 
born  in  1775 ;  his  son,  Henry  Lloyd  Loring,  died  in  1832, 
Archdeacon  of  Calcutta.     '    •  .•.,  .=-..°oo    •  '   •        }  •  .  r    /      / 

Loring,  Benjamin.  Of  Boston.  Surgeon.  At  the 
peace,  accompanied  by  his  family  of  five  persons,  and  by  one 
servant,  he  went  from  New  York  to  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia. 
His  losses  in  consequence  of  his  loyalty  were  estimated  at 
£8000.  He  returned  to  the  United  States,  and  died  at  Bos- 
ton, in  1708,  aged  sixty-five.  \  ■     ,   .      :;  • '    /       .       ,.- .     "„ 

LoKRAiN,  William.  Went  to  St.  John,  New  Brunswick, 
at  the  peace,  and  was  one  of  the  grantees  of  that  city.  He 
died  there  in  1803. 

I^OTT,  Abraham.  Of  New  York.  Treasurer  of  the 
Colony.  In  March,  1776,  the  Committee  of  Safety  gave 
him  permission  to  go  on  board  the  ships-of-war  to  adjust  his 
accounts.  In  September  of  the  same  year,  he  was  ordered 
to  attend  the  Whig  Convention,  with  his  books,  papers,  and 
money,  as  Treasurer,  to  settle  and  to  pay  the  balance  to  his 
successor,  on  pain  of  apprehension  and  confinement  imder 
guard.  In  August,  1781,  some  Whigs,  in  a  whale-boat,  went 
to  his  residence  and  robbed  him  of  about  six  hundred  pounds, 
and  carried  off"  two  slaves.  The  same,  or  another,  and  a 
similar  lawless  and  inexcusable  act,  is  related  as  follows  :  The 
noted  Captain  Ilyler  surprised  Colonel  Lott  in  his  house  at 
night,  and  himself  and  two  of  his  negroes  were  taken  pris- 
oners to  New  Brunswick.  The  Colonel  was  known  to  be 
rich  ;  and  plunder  was  the  object  of  his. Whig  captors.  They 
found  some  silver  in  a  cupboard,  and,  in  the  course  of  their 
search,  two  bags  which  they  supi)osed  contaiiied  guineas. 
After  their  departure,  and  while  going  up  the  Raritan,  they 
agreed  to  divide  their  booty  ;  l)ut  to  their  disappointment  the 
bags  were  found  to  contain  oidy  halfi)enriies,  which  belonged 
to  the  church  at  Flatlands.  Determined,  however,  to  make 
tiie  best  of  the  exploit,  Colonel  Lott  was  compelled  to  ransom 
his  slaves,  when  he  was  himself  released,  and  permitted  to 
return  home. 

In  178;"),  the  Legislature  passed  an  Act  "  more  effectually 
to  compel  Abraham   Lott,  late  Treasurer  of  the   Colony  of 


CiAu. 


hi^ 


LOTT.  -  LOVELL. 


■2d 


Now  York,  to  account  to  the  Treasurer  of  this  State  for  such 
sums  of  money  as  the  said  Abraham  Lott  has  received  while 
he  was  Treasurer  of  tiie  said  ('oh)ny,  and  for  which  he  lias 
not  accounted."  He  died  at  New  York,  in  1T1»4,  aged  sixty- 
eight. 

Lott,  Jkuomus.  Of  Long  Island,  New  York,  Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel in  the  militia.  Chargeil  with  crueltv  to  Whifr 
prisoners  ;  Addresser  of  Governor  Robertson  in  177S  and  in 
17H0  ;  and  of  Commissary  Scott  in  178"2.  Seized  and  carried 
to  New  Jersej'  in  1781.  His  negro  boy,  Jack,  who  had  on 
an  iron  collar  marked  "  J.  L."  ran  away  in  1783. 

Lott,  Maurick.  Of  Long  Island,  New  York.  SheritF 
of  King's  County.  An  Addresser  of  Connnissary  Scott  in 
1782.  The  next  year  he  was  violently  assaulted  in  his  own 
house,  and  robbed  of  upwards  of  four  hundred  guineas  and 
other  property. 

iiOUomiOKOiKiii,    John.       Of  the    manor    of   Mooreland, 
Pennsylvania.       Followed  the    Royal    Army   to    New   York. 
Attainted  of  treason  and  estate  confiscated.     Settled  at  I'enn-" 
Held,  New  Brunswick. 

LoiJNSUl'UV,  VVir.LiAM.  Of  New  York.  He  took  a  de- 
termined stand  for  the  King  from  the  beginning.  IL'  was 
imprisoned,  esca[)e(l,  and  went  on  board  of  the  Aslii,  in  New 
Yoi'k  harbor;  and  in  August,  177t>,  returned  secretly  with  a 
commission  I'roin  Sir  William  Howe  to  raise  a  comjjauy  of 
Rangers,  but  his  place  of  concealment  was  discovennl,  and 
he  was  surrounded  by  a  l)arty  of  militia.  His  recruits,  after 
a  short  resistance,  surrenderetl,  but  he  himself  refused  to  sub- 
mit, and  dieil  lighting.  He  was  a  remarkably  bold  and 
ardent  man,  remarks  a  correspondent,  and  his  late  is  tlis- 
tinguished  in  the  annals  of  West  Chester,  as  the  Hrst  blood 
sIrhI  there  in  the  Revolution. 

IjOvk,  John.  Of  Charleston,  South  Carolina.  An  Ad- 
dresser of  Sir  Henry  Clinton  in  1780.  Banished,  and  estate 
conHscated.  He  returueil  in  1784,  was  arrested,  but  dis- 
charged according  to  the  [)rovision  of  the  treaty  of  peace. 

LovKLi,,  John.     Of  Boston.     He  graduated  at    Harvard 
3* 


i.'I'  .,<i 


'     !l 


("     I 


I'' 

I 


80 


LOVELL. 


University  in  1728.  After  some  years  of  service  as  assistant 
of  the  Soutli  Grammar,  or  Latin  School,  he  was  placed  at  the 
head  of  it  in  1788.  He  was  the  master  nearly  forty  years, 
and  many  of  the  principal  Whi^s  of  Massachusetts  had  been 
his  pupils.  He  accompanied  the  British  Army  to  Halifax  at 
the  evacuation,  and  died  at  that  place,  in  1778,  aged  about 
seventy.  He  was  a  good  scholar,  a  rigid  disciplinarian,  yet 
iiumorous,  and  an  agreeable  companion.  His  son  James  was 
a  Whig,  and  it  is  a  singular  circumstance,  tliat  the  father 
went  to  Nova  Scotia  a  l^-oyalist,  while  the  son  was  a  prisoner 
of  his  protectors,  and  both  were  at  Halifax  at  the  same  time. 
James,  after  his  release,  returned  to  Boston,  and  was  elected 
a  member  of  Congress.  He  was  Collector  of  Boston  under 
the  Confederation,  and  afterwards,  under  the  present  Consti- 
tution, Naval  Officer  of  Boston  and  Cliarlestown.  He  died 
in  that  office,  in  1814,  .''ged  seventy-six.  It  is  worthy  of 
mention  that  Master  I^ovell  delivered  the  first  Address  in 
the  Cradle  of  Liberty  in  1743.  The  occasion  was  on  the 
death  of  Peter  Faneuil,  Esq.,  the  founder ;  and  in  the  course . 
of  his  funeral  cration,  Mr.  Lovell  said  :  "  May  this  Hall  be 
ever  sacred  to  the  interests  of  Truth,  of  Justice,  of  Loyalty, 
of  Honor,  of  Liberty.  May  no  i)rivate  views  nor  party 
broils  ever  enter  within  these  walls."  Thus  was  Faneuil 
Hall  dedicated.  The  Rebel  General,  Mansfield  Lovell,  who 
graduated  at  West  Point,  and  entered  the  United  States 
Army,  and  who  commanded  the  Rebel  troops  at  the  capture 
of  New  Orleans  in  18(32,  is  a  great-grandson  of  the  subject 
of  this  notice. 

Lovi;i;i., .     Of  Boston.     Son  of  John  Lovell.      His 

name  is  connected  with  the  battle  of  Bunker's  Hill,  strangely 
enough.  When  the  British  troops  had  landed  in  Charles- 
town,  it  was  discovered  that  the  caimon  balls  were  too  large, 
and  boats  returned  to  Boston  for  a  supply  of  the  right  size. 
The  mistake  was  made,  as  the  story  is,  by  the  subject  of  this 
notice,  who  had  been  api)ointed  to  a  place  in  the  Ordnance, 
for  which  he  was  unfit,  by  Colonel  Cleveland,  of  that  De- 
partment.    The  tale  further  is,  that  young  Lovell  owed  his 


agree 

llOUS( 

Ia 

Auk 


His 


LOVELL.  —  LOVELACE. 


:J1 


place  to  a  lovo  attiiir  between  his  sister  and  the  Colonel. 
"This  wretched  blunder  of  over-sized  balls"  (words  at- 
tributed to  Sir  William  Howe)  "  arose  from  the  dotage  of 
an  officer  of  rank  in  the  Ortlnanco  Dej)artment,  who  spends 
all  his  time  with  the  schoolmaster's  daughter."  To  this 
incident,  the  British  ascribe  the  failure  of  two  of  their  attacks. 
In  a  song  which  refers  to  this:  — 

"  Our  conductor,  lie  got  broke 
For  his  mistoiiduL't,  sure,  sir  : 
The  shot  he  sent  for  twelve-pound  guns, 
Were  made  lor  twenty-four,  sir." 

Lovp:li,,  Benjamin.  Of  Boston.  Graduated  at  Harvard 
University  in  1774.  He  retreated  to  Halifax,  and  finally  to 
England,  where  he  was  settled  in  the  ministry,  and  died, 
March,  1828,  aged  seventy-tliree  years.  He  was  the  youngest 
son  of  John  Lovell. 

LovKi.i,,  SiiUHAKL.  Of  Massachusetts,  and,  I  suppose,  of 
Barnstable.  Apprehended  and  sent  to  Washington.  Colonel 
Jor;eph  Otis  wrote  :  — "  Lovell  is  one  we  have  always  looked 
upon  as  a  Tory,  and  something  busy  in  the  Opposition.  He 
has  a  large  family  of  small  children  that  want  his  assistance. 
I  i)ity  the  man's  folly."  Lovell's  letter  to  Captain  Ayscough 
(of  the  ship-of-war  Stran,^  shows  that  he  was  a  stout  Loy- 
alist. In  the  Council,  (December  18,  1775,)  ordered  that  he 
be  sent  to  Plymouth  jail,  there  to  be  supported  at  his  own 
expense. 

LovKJOY,  Ahiki,.  Of  Vassal  borough,  Maine.  In  1781 
he  was  elected  to  the  Legislature,  and  his  right  to  a  seat  dis- 
puted, because  he  "  was  not  friendly  to  the  cause  of  Amer- 
ica." The  case  was  taken  uj)  in  the  House,  but  referred  to 
the  next  session  ;  meantime,  Lovejoy  to  take  no  part  in  the 
proceedings.  Previous  to  the  time  assigned  for  a  decision,  ho 
agreed  that  "  he  would  not  attempt  to  sit  in  the  lionorable 
house  again  ; "  and  here  the  matter  ended. 

LovKi-ACE,  Thomas.  In  1781  he  was  found  within  the 
American  lines,  with  a  British  commission  in  his  possession  ; 


i^i 


a; 


>;•■ 


I'  ! 


1    I J 


r  y 


.'.1 


1 


!■     1. 


'I!;, 


';    1 


? ' 


82 


LOW. 


I'  I 


and  by  ortler  ot'OomTal  Stark,  who  had  I'stahlishcd  his  hoiid- 
(|uartor.s  at  Sarat(»(i;a,  was  br()u<,flit  hefoiv  a  cmirt-inartial, 
triud,  coiuloiniiL'cl,  and  executed,  as  a  sj)y.  He  liad  family 
conneetioiis  in  the  iieiglihorhcxjd  who  soii<;ht  to  avert  iiis  (iite, 
by  ad(hvssin<i'    a    reiiioiistraiici'   to  the  ('oinmaiider-iii-Chiet', 


but  Washiii<i;ton  refused  to  iiiterlen 


Tl 


le  I'ountry  uifUuled 


in  Stark's  eonnnand  was,  at  this  time,  overrun  with  spies  and 
traitors.  ( )f  a  l)and  of  these  miscreants,  Lovehiee  was  the 
conunander. 

L(jw,,   Isaac.      Of  New  York.      He    fjivored    the    j)0|)ul.ar 
cause,  and  was  indeed  a  prominent  Whi^'.     He  maiU'  a  judi 
clous 
Yoi'k, 


speech  at  a  |)ubhc  meetin<j;  of  tlie  merchants  of  ^le•\ 
in  May,  1774,  ami  was  an  active  member  of  the  Com- 
mittee uf  Fifty,  appointeil  to  correspond  with  sister  Coh)nies. 
In  a  pubhslied  appeal  to  the  ])eople  at  that  perifjd,  Mr.  Low 


sai( 


1   1 


used   the  following-  spirited  lan^ua<i;e  :  —  "Let  us, 

"  with  the  bi'ave   Romans,  consider  our  ancestors  and  our  o 


It', 

rt- 


s[»rint:.     Let  us  follow  the  example  of  the  former,  and  set  an 
example  to  the  latter.      Ia'I  us  not  be  like  the  slujrgish  people, 


w 


ho,  tl 


ll'OU" 


■h  a  1 


ove  of  ease 


jowec 


I  tl 


lemselVi 


d  1 


uwl  l)ecame 


servants  to  tribute;'  and   whom   the  inspired   prophet,  their 

Had   I    the  voice  which 


fath 


4l 


1   t( 


ler,  justly  compared   to    asses 
could  be  heard  tixmi  Canada  to  Florida,  I  would  adilress  the 
Americans  in  the  langua<:;e  of  the  Roman  patriot,"  &r. 

He  was  elected  a  member  of  the   First  Continental  Con- 


irress. 


and  took  his  seat  in 


that 


botl 


y,  and  participated  in  its 


proceedniiis 


"  We  breakfasted  with  Mr.  Low, 


aid  John  Adams,  in 


1774,  —  ' 
a  beautv. 


I  tientleman  o 


f  fort  I 


une  and  m  trade. 


II 


IS  ladv  IS 


He  was  a  member  of  the  New  York  Provincial 
Congress  in  177'"),  for  the  city  and  c(»inity  of  New  York,  but 
liis  name  soon  after  tlisai)|)ears  from  the  Revolutionary  his- 
tory. In  1782,  he  was  President  of  the  New  York  Chamber 
of  Conunerce.  He  was  attainted,  and  his  proi)erty  wat;  con- 
fiscated. He  went  to  England.  In  consecjuence  of  his 
course  in  the  early  part  of  the  struggle,  his  application  to  be 
compensated  for  his  losses  as  a  Loyalist  was  not  at  first  favor- 


LOW. -LUDLOW. 


88 


ably  coiisklert'cl.  He  died  in  17l»l,  His  In-otlicr,  Nicholas, 
who  (lied  ut  New  York,  in  iM'Jd,  tit  the  age  of  eighty-seven, 
was  a  firm  Whig  throughout  the  struggle,  and  was  often 
honored.  Mrs.  Low,  a  daughter  of  Cornelius  Cuylcr,  Mayor 
of  Albany,  was  admired  for  the  charms  of  her  person  and 
the  loveliness  ol"  her  character.  The  late  Sir  Cornelius  Cuy- 
ler,  Baronet  and  Lieutenant-(Jeneral,  was  her  brother.  She 
died  at  London,  in  1S20,  aged  eighty.  Mr.  Low's  only  son, 
Isaac,  is  now  (ISof))  a  Connnissary-Gencral  in  the  British 
Army,  and  living  near  Lyndhurst,  in  the  New  Forest,  Hants. 

Low,  Jac'oiiu.s.  Of  Ulster  Countv,  New  York.  In 
April,  1775,  he  was  admonished  by  the  Whig  Committee  to 
discontinue  the  sale  of  tea  ;  but  he  declared  that  he  had  and 
would  sell  tea  ;  whereupon  a  public  meeting  jmblished  him 
to  the  country,  as  an  enemy  to  the  rights  and  liberties  of 
America. 

Low,  John.  Of  Philadelphia.  At  the  peace,  accompanied 
by  his  fiimily  of  Hve  persons,  he  went  from  New  York  to 
Shell)urne,  Nova  Scotia,  where  the  Crown  granted  him  one 
town  lot.  He  died  at  St.  Andrew,  New  Brunswick,  June, 
1H44,  aged  ninety-two  years.  He  emigrated  to  that  town 
when  it  was  an  unbroken  wilderness. 

Li(;n  s,  Samuki.  Fukduuc.  Of  South  Carolina.  Epis- 
copal minister.  Entered  upon  his  duties  in  1770  ;  adhered  to 
the  Crown,  and  in  177<'>  went  to  England. 

LuDi.ow,  (iKoiuiE  DiNCAN.  Of  New  York.  Ho  served 
an  apprenticeship  with  an  apothecary,  but,  disliking  the 
business,  resolved  to  study  law.  In  consequence  of  sickness, 
his  t  iigue  was  too  large  and  his  speech  defective,  and  his 
friends,  anticipating  his  certain  failure  at  the  bar,  opposed  his 
design.  But  he  persisted,  and  completed  his  studies.  Those 
who  were  interested  in  his  success,  attended  Court  on  the  first 
trial  of  his  powers,  j)redicting,  as  they  went,  that  his  discom- 
fiture and  their  own  mortification  were  certain.  Much  to 
their  surprise,  he  was  fluent,  and  argued  the  case  intrusted  to 
hini  with  great  skill  and  judgment.  Mis  rise  was  rapid  ;  and 
at  the  Revolutionary  era,  he  was  one  of  the  Judges  of  the  Su- 


'V  '" 


( ■ 


I      I 


•I) 

r  ! 
I 

i 

i 


'I  ^' 


« 


\  «■ 


m 


84 


Mfnr.ow. 


pronu'  Court,  mikI  one  <•('  the  most  ''nnsidcrnhlc^  cliaractors  in 
the  Colonv.  Fn  1775'  liis  Iiouho  at  llcinpstcad  was  piiiudcivd, 
and  it  is  said  that  the  Jiidj^i'  Iiiinselt'cscapod  lK'iii;j  iiiadi.'  prison- 


er l»y  j^cttmjf  npnii  tlii'  root,  tlirouji'li  tlic  scuttli',  antl  liidinj^ 
Ix'liind  the  cliiniiicy.  In  17H()  lie  was  appointed  Master  of  the 
Rolls,  and  SuperintiMuK'nt  of  Police  on  l/on^  Island,  '' with 
powers  or  principles  of  Ivpiity  to  hear  and  di;terniini'  contro- 
versies, till  I'ivil  iitivernnient  ciin  take  place."  The  Wliiij's  of 
Ni'w  York  formed  a  Constitution  as  early  as  1777,  oruanized  a 


d 


ited  .ludi 


Imt  th 


.■red 


|j;overmnent,  and  ap|)onite(i  .ludj^es;  hut  tne  party  wno  adnei 
to  the  Clown  considi-red  Judir*'  Ludlow  to  Ite  in  otfici!  until 
the  peaci',  wlu-n  he  was  conipidled  to  h'ave  the  country.  His 
seat  at  Hytle  Park,  and  his  other  property,  |)assed  to  the 
State  undi'r  the  ConHscation  Act.  Ih'  retired  to  New  Hruns- 
wick  in  17^:1,  where  he  occupied  the  first  place:  in  |)ublic  af- 
liiirs.  He  was  a  member  of  the  first  Council  formed  in  that 
Colony,  and  as  senior  Councillor  administered  the  (iovern- 
ment ;  and  he  was  the  first  Chief  Justice  of  tin;  Supreme 
(/ourt.  His  place  of  residence  was  at  Fredericton,  the  capi- 
tal, and  he  died  there,  February  \'l,  ISOS.  Frances,  his  wid- 
ow, and  (lavij^htcr  of  Thomas  Duncan,  l'iS(|,,  died  at  St.  John, 
in  IH^f),  at  the  a^'c  of  eighty-seven.  Klizabeth,  his  daughter, 
and  wife  of  the  Honorable  John  Robinson,  of  St.  John,  died 
in  France  in  IS'JS. 

TiiDLow,  (lAhKlKl,  (i.  Of  iV'ew  York.  He  entered  the 
military  service  of  the  Crown,  and  in  1782  was  ('olonel  ;ui<l 
and  Commandant  of  De  Laneey's  Third  Uattalion.  lie  re- 
treated to  New  Urunswick  at  the  peace,  and  the  next  year  the 
Connni-^sioners  of  ( "onHscatiou  sold  his  estate  of  one  hundred 
and  forty  acres  at  Hyde  Park.  In  17'.l-  he  held  the  t)fKce  of 
Judge  of  Vice-Admiralty,  and  was  a  member  of  the  Council, 
and  a  Colonel  in  the  militia.  In  ISOiJ  (xovernor  Carleton 
embarked  for  England,  when  C'olonel  Ludlow  was  sworn  in 
as  Conunander-in-Chief  He  died  in  IHOsi,  aged  seventv-two. 
Ann,  his  widow,  dit'd  at  Carleton,  New  Brunswick,  in  1822, 
at  the  aue  of  eiiihty.  Frances,  his  second  dauiihter,  died  at 
New  York  in  1840,  aged  seventy-four. 


\ 


Ail' 


I:'  ('■ 


LIDI.OW.- LYMAN. 


:{•) 


Liii)i,()W,  Caiiv.  ()I  Ni'w  Y'ji'k.  Surro<iatc  aixl  Master 
ill  Cliaiicc'i-y.  Hi-  'lifl  at  that  city,  in  isi."),  aged  sevcnty- 
iiiiu'. 

Li  rm  now,  Nai  iiamm..  Rider  in  the  New  .Jcnsey  Vol- 
iiiiteers.  Taken  prisoiier  on  Stateii  Ishnid  in  1777,  and  sent 
to  Trenton.     Settled  at  l*ennliehl.  New  IJrnnswiek,  in  1785J. 

Lroutx,  l'Kn;u  and  Simkon.  (jlnintees  of  St.  .John, 
New  IJrmiswiek,  in  17H;1.  The  I'oriner  ihi'd  then;  in  liSl4, 
aj^ed  sixty-one.     The  lattrr  was  a  sehoohnasti'r. 

lii'i  WYt  III',,   l'j)WAiH)  (Jui.D.sroNK.     Of  \c  w   Hampshire. 


II 


e  was  a 


ifentK 


)f 


email  ot  some  consn 


lerat 


ion,  and  as  car 


i-ly 


as 


17t)7  eonnnanded  a  re^fiment  of  militia.  He  fled  to  IJoston, 
and  in  177(5  aecompanied  the  British  Army  to  Hahfax.  In 
177H  lie  was  proserihed  and  l)a';!du'il,  and  his  estate  eon- 
fiscated.  In  17H0,  Matthew  Tliornton,  a  sinner  of  the  Dec- 
laration of  Independence,  hecame  tlie  pnrchascr  of  jiis  farm. 
Me  was  at  New  York  in  178-5,  and  u  petitioner  for  a  grant  of 
lands  in  Nova  Scotia. 

Lydi;,  I}Yi'ir,r,i).  Of  IJoston.  (iraduated  at  Harvard 
rnivcrsity  in  17-:').  He  was  an  Addresser  of  Hntehiiison 
in  1771,  and  a  Protester  against  the  Whigs  the  same  year, 

aceomna- 


and  in  177a  an  Addresser  of  (Jatfc.      In  177'!  he 


iiied  the  Royal  Army  to  Halillix,  anil   died   there  the  same 


vear, 


Lyok,  Kdwahi).  Merchant,  of  IJoston.  Was  proscribed 
and  banished  in  1778.  Ho  died  at  New  York,  in  1812,  aged 
scvcntv-six. 


Lvpi;,  (Ji:()K(ii;.     Of  IJoston.      In  1770  1 


le  was  a 


ppoi 


ntcd 


Collector  of  the  Port  of  Falnumth,  Maine,  and  continued 
there  until  the  hejfinnino'  of  the  Revolution.  The  C^istom- 
Hotise,  at  that  period,  was  kej)t  in  a  dwelling-house  at  the 
corner  of  King  and  Middle  Streets,  and  was  burnt  when 
Mowatt  set  tire  to  the  town,  in  177.').  Mr.  Lyde  was  an 
Aildresscr  of  Ilutcliinson  in  1774,  and  in  1778,  was  pro- 
scribed and  banished.     He  was  in   Euiiland  in  1780. 


iYMAN, 


PlIIN 


KA8. 


Of     ( 


onnecticut. 


A 


distmiruis 


hcd 


man. 


but  one  of  the  most  unfortunate  in  our  history.     He 


tit 


I  t 


''! 


i'ii;  -' 


,  ii 


i  f 


• '  W 


HI 


r    1 


11. ; . , 


, -1 


I        I 


: 


n 


i'  i 


n 

n 


:'  I  I 


86 


LYMAN. 


was  born  at  Durham,  in  1710  ;  graduated  at  Yalo  College  in 
1738  ;  was  appointed  tutor  in  1739  ;  and  continued  in  that 
office  three  years,  when  he  devoted  himself  to  the  profession 
of  the  law,  and  became  eminent.  In  civil  life,  he  was  em- 
ployed to  adjust  a  disputed  boundary  between  Massachusetts 
and  Connecticut,  and  held  the  offices  of  Representative  to  the 
Assembly,  and  member  of  the  Council.  In  1755  he  was 
appointed  Major-Gencral  and  Commander-in-Chief  of  the 
Connecticut  forces,  and  was  in  service  throughout  the 
French  war.  In  the  battle  of  Lake  George,  Sir  William 
Johnson,  of  New  York,  who  commanded,  was  soon  wounded ; 
when  Lyman  maintained  the  conflict  for  five  hours,  and  was 
himself  personally  exposed  the  whole  time.  lint  Sir  William 
Johnson  obtained  the  rewards  of  the  splendid  victory  which 
was  achieved  over  the  French  by  the  Colonial  troops  on  this 
occasion.  In  1758  General  Lyman  served  with  Abercrombie, 
and  was  with  the  gallant  and  estimable  Loni  Howe  when  he 
was  killed.  In  1702  Lyman  was  again  engaged  in  the  impor- 
tant enterprise  against  Havana,  and  was  in  conmiand  of  the 
Colonial  forces  employed  in  the  expedition.  His  wisdom,  integ- 
rity, bravery,  and  military  skill,  won  universal  commendation. 
Several  British  officers,  who  had  been  his  associates,  solicited 
him  to  visit  England  after  the  peace ;  and,  having  connected 
himself  with  a  company  composed  principally  of  Colonial 
officers  and  soldiers  who  had  been  engaged  in  the  war,  and 
whose  object  was  to  obtain  a  grant  of  lands  of  the  Brit'sh 
Government  on  the  Mississippi  and  Yazoo,  he  accordingly 
went  to  the  mother  country,  in  1703,  as  agent  of  these  pei*- 
sons,  who  styled  themselves  "  Military  Adventurers."  He 
remained  in  England  for  eleven  years,  in  all  the  misery, 
suspense,  anxiety,  delay,  and  false  promises  of  attendance 
upon  the  Court,  and  a  victim  to  the  suffering  which  ever 
awaits  the  endeavors  of  a  sensitive  mind,  employed  in  an 
arduous  and  unsuccessful  undertaking.  In  a  word,  he  well- 
nigh  sunk  into  hopeless  imbecility ;  and,  rather  than  return 
to  America  without  accomplishing  his  purpose,  he  resolved  to 
remain  and  die  in  England.     But,  about  the  year  1774,  the 


vl! 


LYMAN. 


87 


grant  was  obtained.  INIany  of  tlie  original  projectors  were 
then  (lead,  and  others  had  become  too  advanced  in  life,  or  so 
chanired  in  circumstances,  as  to  have  lost  their  desire  to  emi- 
crate  to  a  wilderness.  But  General  Lyman,  soon  after  arriv- 
ing-  in  Connecticut  from  his  embassy,  resolved  upon  carrying 
through  an  enterprise  that  had  cost  him  so  much  time  and 
anxiety ;  and,  in  177 "),  accompanied  by  his  oldest  son  and  a 
few  settlers,  he  arrived  upon  the  land  which  he  had  secured 
for  himself  and  others  of  the  company.  His  preparatory 
arrangements  were  hardly  made  before  he  died,  at  the  age  of 
fifty-nine.  Yet,  the  year  following,  in  1776,  Mrs.  Lyman, 
attended  by  her  only  brother.  Colonel  Dwight,  and  her  re- 
maining children,  —  the  second  son  excepted,  —  accomplished 
a  journey  to  the  same  country.  She,  a  woman,  who  in  en- 
dowments and  education  was  superior  to  most  of  her  sex,  had 
been  broken  down  during  her  husband's  long  absence,  by  the 
distresses  in  which  tiie  family  had  become  involved ;  and  died 
the  same  year.  Her  brother  lived  only  until  the  next  sum- 
mer. The  survivors  continued  in  the  country,  and  in  the 
neighborhood  oi'  Natchez,  for  several  years.  When  it  was  in- 
vaded by  the  Spaniards,  in  1781  and  in  1782,  they  abandoned 
it,  and  attempted  to  make  their  way  to  Savannah.  The  war, 
and  their  political  sympathies,  rendered  a  direct  journey  dan- 
gerous ;  and  they  accordingly  selected  a  route  which  caused 
them  to  travel  upwards  of  thirteen  hundred  miles,  and  occu- 
pied one  hundred  and  forty-nine  days.  They  were  all  mounted 
on  horseback,  but  the  ruggedness  of  the  gi'ound  often  required 
them  to  ti'avel  long  distances  on  foot.  Women  and  children, 
and  inliints  at  the  breast,  formed  a  part  of  the  returning  and 
sutferiu";  band.  Some  were  sick  ;  all  endured  the  most  ex- 
hausting  fatigue ;  were  in  constant  dread  of  meeting  with 
savaiies  ;  and  were  sometimes  without  suflicient  food  and 
water.  After  reaching  Georgia,  the  party  formed  themselves 
into  two  companies.  One  division  became  the  prisoners  of 
the  Whigs ;  the  other,  atiter  surmounting  many  difficulties, 
reached  Savannah  in  safety.  The  captives  were  soon  re- 
leased.    Among  those  who  arinved  at  Savannah,  were  two 

VOL.  II.  4 


"I  } : 


% 


m 


I  ! 


m 


I    ; 


88 


LYMAN. 


;l 


(laugliters  of  General  Lyman,  both  of  whom  died  at  that 
place.  Such  was  the  calamitous  issue  of  the  life  of  a  gentle- 
man who  enjoyed,  before  the  Revolution,  a  reputation  pos- 
sessed by  few  of  our  countrymen  ;  such,  too,  the  sad  end  of 
several  members  of  his  family. 

Lyman.  The  five  sons  of  General  Phineas  Lyman  adhered 
to  the  Crown.  Four  were  alive  at  the  close  of  the  contest ; 
of  whom  three  accompanied  their  mother,  as  already  related  ; 
but  of  tlieni  little  else  is  known.  All  were  born  and  educated 
to  high  hopes.  The  ascertained  fate  of  two,  will  show  how 
prematurely  their  prospects  declined,  and  how  utterly  the 
expectations  of  their  youth  were  blasted.  The  eldest  son  of 
General  Lyman  was  educated  at  Yale  College,  and  received 
a  commission  in  the  British  Army,  but  he  resigned,  and  de- 
voted himself  to  the  study  of  the  law.  The  distresses  conse- 
quent upon  the  long  absence  of  his  father,  and  various  other 
causes,  combined  to  ruin  his  health  ;  and  when  the  parent 
finally  returned,  he  found  him  in  a  state  of  confirmed  insanity. 
In  the  hope  that  a  change  of  scene  and  climate  would  con- 
duce to  his  restoration,  the  afflicted  father  took  him  to  West 
Florida.  But  the  broken-hearted  maniac  died  in  1775,  soon 
after  completing  the  journey.  The  second  son  was  sent  to 
England,  in  1774,  by  his  grief-worn  mother,  to  solicit  his 
father  to  remain  no  longer  abroad  ;  and  while  there,  received 
a  commission  in  the  British  Army.  Soon  after  his  return,  he 
was  ordered  to  join  his  regiment,  at  Boston  ;  and  repairing 
thither,  he  continued  in  service  until  1782,  when  he  sold  his 
commission.  His  disai)pointments  and  mental  sufferings  had 
rendered  him  almost  reckless  of  pecuniary  affairs,  and  receiv- 
ing a  ])art  of  the  purchase-money,  lie  gave  credit  for  the  bal- 
ance, and  lost  it  by  neglect ;  and  lending  a  considerable  part 
of  what  he  did  receive,  without  taking  evidence  of  the  loan, 
he  returned  to  Connecticut  nearly  pennyless.  He  was  urged 
to  take  a  school,  and  consented.  But  he  made  no  effort  to 
collect  the  payments  which  became  duo  for  his  services,  and 
failed  to  provide  himself  with  articles  of  necessity,  from  the 
scanty  funds  that  came  into  his  possession.    His  friends,  when 


tii' 


LYMAN  — LYNDE. 


89 


his  clothing  had  become  indecent,  bought  and  carried  liim 
garments  of  wiiidi  he  stood  in  need  ;  but  he  was  too  sad,  too 
sorely  stricken,  to  wear  them  ;  and  in  a  little  time,  "joined 
his  friends  in  the  grave."  Thus  ended  the  career  of  the  fourth 
child  of  General  Lyman,  and  of  a  man  who  was  "  brilliant, 
gay,  and  ingenious,  beyond  most  of  mankind."  The  ultimate 
fate  of  the  three  who  returned  with  the  survivors  of  the  "  Mil- 
itary Adventurers,"  as  related  in  the  notice  of  the  father,  is 
unknown.  One  of  them,  at  the  evacuation  of  Georgia  by  the 
Royal  forces,  wont  to  New  York,  and  subsequently  to  Con- 
necticut, for  the  purpose  of  disposing  of  the  remains  ol  his 
father's  estate  ;  another  retired  to  Nova  Scotia ;  and  the  third 
went  to  New  Providence.  Of  a  truth,  this  was  a  doomed 
family. 

Lyman,  Danikl.  Of  New  Haven,  Connecticut.  He 
graduated  at  Yale  College  in  1770.  He  accepted  a  military 
commission  under  the  Crown,  and  in  1782  was  a  Captain  in 
the  Prince  of  Wales's  American  Volunteers.  At  the  peace 
he  wa>  a  Major.  He  settled  in  New  Brunswick,  and  was  a 
member  of  the  House  of  Assembly,  and  a  magistrate.  He 
went  to  England,  and  died  in  London,  in  1809,  one  of  the 
"  Royal  Invalids  "  ;  and  yet  he  seems  to  have  left  property  in 
New  lirunswick,  since  P.  Frazer  was  appointed  administrator 
in  1811. 

Lymiuirnkh,  Ma'I'tiikw.  Of  Maine.  He  came  from  Scot- 
land, to  die  mouth  of  the  Penobscot,  a  few  years  prior  to  the 
Revolution  ;  removed  to  New  Brunswick  before  the  peace ; 
finally  settled  in  New  Hampshire  or  Vermont. 

Lynaii,  Jamks.  a  physician,  of  South  Carolina.  He  was 
in  commission  under  the  Crown  after  the  fall  of  Charleston, 
in  1780,  and  his  estate  was  confiscated.  In  1809,  there  died 
at  Charleston,  Doctor  James  Lynah,  physician  and  director- 
general  of  all  the  military  hospitals  in  South  Carolina. 

Lynch,  Thomas.  Of  New  York.  "Dealer  in  liquors 
and  negroes."  In  177(5,  an  Addresser  of  Lord  and  Sir  Wil- 
liam Howe. 

Lynuk,  Benjamin.      Of  Salem.      Chief  Justice  of  Mas- 


(I 


i 


wl 


5.  ■    ;!! 


I 


,ii 


;,t 


I  1: 


H 


■Mi 


It- 


y%> 


40 


LYON.  -  MABEE. 


t 


i'  i!  ;• 


?!'  !l' 


i 


saclmsotts.  lie  graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1718. 
For  many  years  lie  was  a  member  of  the  Coiuicil.  Ho  pro- 
sided  iit  the  trial  of  Captain  Preston,  who  was  held  to  answer 
to  the  tribunals  for  the  Boston  Massacre,  so  called,  in  1770. 
In  1772  Mr.  Lynde  resigned  his  seat  on  the  bench.  In 
1774  he  was  on  3  of  the  S.ilem  Addressers  of  Gage.  He  died 
in  1781,  aged  eighty-one.  His  father  was  the  Hon.  Benjamin 
Lynde,  a  Chief  Justice  of  Massachusetts,  who  died  in  1745, 
aged  seventv-nine. 

Lyon,  Kkv.  Jamks.  Of  the  State  of  New  York.  Epis- 
copal minister.  In  1775  General  Wooster  wrote  Governor 
TruDibuU,  that,  while  Lyon  was  "  a  pretty  sensible  fellow," 
he  was  a  man  of  infamous  chai'acter  ;  that  he  had  considera- 
ble money  at  interest,  and  had  obtained  ascendency  over  the 
debtors  ;  that,  by  writing  and  preaching,  and  in  every  other 
way,  he  had  opposed  the  popular  movement  ;  and  that  the 
Whiff  Committee  of  several  towns  thought  he  was  a  dahtrer- 
ous  person,  and  should  be  arrested.  I  ascertain  from  another 
source,  that  his  wife  belonged  to  one  of  the  best  families  in 
that  section,  and  that  he  treated  her  cruelly  ;  that  he  visited 
taverns  to  wrangle  with  his  neighbors  ;  that  he  possessed  an 
ample  estate,  but  denied  himself  necessary  food  and  clothing  ; 
that  he  suffered  his  house  to  go  to  ruin  rather  than  expend 
money  in  repairs;  that  his  children  grew  up  without  cul- 
ture of  body  or  mind;  and  that  he  wore  dirty  linen,  long 
nails,  and  unclean  hands.  The  Society  for  the  Propagation 
of  the  (Tospel  in  Foreign  Parts  dismissed  him  from  their  ser- 
vice. 

Lyon,  Rkv.  John.  Of  Virginia.  Episcopal  minister.  He 
went  f'\,in  Rhode  Island  to  a  ])arish  in  Acconiac,  Virginia,  in 
1774,  and  was  Rector  several  years.  "  Being  more  of  the 
En^'.shman  than  the  American  in  his  feelings,  his  time  was 
very  uncomfortable  during  the  Revolutionary  struggle ;  but 
being  married  into  a  respectable  family,  his  principles  were 
tolerated  and  his  person  protected." 

Maukk.  Of  New  York.  William  arrived  at  St.  John, 
New  lirunswick,  in  the  ship  Union,  in  the  spring  of  1783. 


':!'li1 


MABEE.  —  MACKENZIE. 


n 


Jasper  died  in  that  city,  very  aged,  in  1822.      Jkrkmiah 
died  at  Kingston,  New  Brunswick,  1824,  aged  eiglity-tive. 

Mahke,  Jacoh.  Of  New  York.  Fled  to  the  British  lines, 
thence  to  the  city  of  New  Yoi'k,  where  he  remained  during 
tlie  war.  At  the  peace  of  1783,  he  retired  to  St.  John,  New 
Brunswick,  and  thence  to  St.  Stephen,  in  tiie  same  Province, 
at  which  place  he  died  about  the  year  1820,  aged  upwards  of 
eighty  years.  His  property  in  New  York  was  confiscated. 
His  son  Solomon  was  impressed  into  the  British  Navy,  and 
served  during  the  contest ;  at  its  close  he  went  to  St.  Stephen, 
but  removed  to  Eastport,  Maine,  in  179o,  and  died  there  in 
1828,  aged  sixty-six  years. 

Macauley,  Rev.  Angus.  Of  Charleston,  South  Carolina. 
Teacher  of  a  school  in  that  city.  Driven  into  exile  before 
August,  1777,  because  he  refused  to  swear  allegiance  to  the 
Whig  Government. 

Machetii,  Alexandkh.  Of  Charleston,  Soutli  Carolina. 
An  Addresser  of  Sir  Henry  Clinton  in  1780.  He  was  ban- 
ished in  1782,  and  his  property  confiscated.  A  person  of  this 
name  died  at  Baltimore  in  1807. 

Mackay,  John.  Of  North  Cai'olina.  Went  to  England. 
In  1771)  he  was  an  Addresser  of  the  King. 

Mackenzie,  Rohkrt.  Of  Virginia.  This  gentleman  was 
a"  friend  of  Washington,  and  one  of  the  very  few  of  his  letters 
devoted  to  the  subject  of  the  Revolutionary  controversy,  writ- 
ten before  tlu;  a]>peal  to  arms,  was  to  him.  It  was  dated  at 
rhiladeli)liia,  October  9,  1774  ;  and  Mr.  Si)arks,  in  a  note, 
remarks  of  Mackenzie,  that  "  he  had  been  a  captain  in  the 
Virginia  regiment  commanded  by  Washington  in  the  French 
war,  and  a  friendly  intimacy  seems  always  to  have  subsisted 
between  them.  Mackenzie  had  obtained  a  conmiission  in  the 
regular  army,  and  was  now  attached  to  the  forty-third  regi- 
ment of  foot.  He  was  wounded  at  the  battle  of  Bunker's 
Hill,  while  fighting  in  that  regiment."  At  a  later  period, 
there  was  a  Major  Mackenzie  of  the  Royal  Welsh  Fusiloers,  of 
which  Sir  William  Howe  was  the  Colonel ;  perhaps  the  same. 
4* 


IV 


•    ill 

w 

'  111! 


ii  'ii 


I '  ' .  I 


.1  : . 


.1 


i 

jl 

1 


u 


42 


MACKNIGIIT  — MACllEA.. 


Mackxioht,  Thomas.  Of  Nortli  Carolina!  He  was  a 
mt'iubcr  of  the  Assembly  under  the  Royal  Government ;  and 
so  far  sided  with  the  Whites  as  to  take  a  seat  in  the  Cunven- 
tion  of  1775,  which  Governor  Martin  denounced.  But  he 
refused  io  sanction  the  proceedings,  and  was  censured  by  his 
associates,  in  a  Resolve  of  great  severity  sind  bitterness.  Still 
a  member  of  the  Assembly,  he  was  placed  on  a  committee 
with  Hewes,  Hooper,  and  other  Whigs,  to  frame  an  answer 
to  the  Governor's  speech.  In  Ajtril,  1776,  the  Provincial 
Congress  ordered  possession  of  all  his  negroes  and  estate,  sub- 
ject to  future  order.  In  1770  his  property  was  confiscated. 
He  was  in  England  in  1784,  a  petitioner  for  relief.  ,     . 

Macuak,  Rkv.  Ai.kxandkk.  Of  Virginia.  Episcopal 
minister.  He  graduated  at  Edinburgh.  After  completing 
his  theological  studies,  he  was  ordained  by  the  liishoj)  of 
London,  about  the  year  17()5.  He  declined  a  professorship, 
and  came  to  America.  In  1778,  he  settled  at  Littleton,  Xiv- 
ginia,  as  Rector,  and  officiated  there  until  1770.  Three  years 
later,  he  was  professic  nally  employed  in  the  county  of  Surry. 
For  his  real  or  supposed  attachment  to  the  Crown,  he  was  a 
groat  sufferer.  Lured  from  home  at  night,  on  the  pretence 
that  a  sick  neio;hbor  was  dyinjj:  ancl  wished  to  see  him,  and 
pursued  by  three  men  armed  with  clubs,  he  was  knocked  from 
his  horse,  after  proceeding  about  a  mile,  whipped,  and  left 
naked  in  the  woods.  One  of  his  assailants  was  killed,  subse- 
(luently,  on  the  same  s|)ot,  and  another,  when  on  the  eve  of 
execution  for  a  capital  crime,  revealed  the  whole  attair. 

An  attemi)t  was  made  to  banish  Mr.  Macrae  from  the 
State ;  but  Patrick  Henry,  who  was  a  member  of  the  Gov- 
ernment, resisted  the  measure,  and  declared  that  the  act,  if 
consummated,  would  deprive  Virginia  of  one  of  her  best  citi- 
zens. Our  clergyman  remained  with  his  people  ;  but  letters 
were  placed  in  his  pulpit,  in  which  he  wns  threatened  with 
death.  Disregarding  everything,  he  contimied  to  perform 
his  u&ual  duties  without  intermission.  He  died  at  his  resi- 
dence in  Powhattan  County,  in  180H,  aged  seventy-four.     His 


m;.:1 


MAIDENS.  -  MALLARD. 


43 


wife  was  a  daughti,'!'  of  Jolin  Harris,  of  Virginia.  Tlircu 
daii";) iters  wciv  living  in  1^*57.  His  son,  Alexander  McRae, 
was  a  distinguished  lawyer,  and  one  of  the  (.(Mnisel  on  the  side 
of  the  Government  in  the  trial  of  Hurr  for  treason. 

Maidi'ns.      [See  Women^. 

Mainwarino,  Edwaiu).     a  cajjtain  in  the  King's  Rangers. 

In  November,  1782,  he  had  retired  to  the  Island  of  St.  John, 

Gulf  of  St.  Lawrence.     But  he  obtained  a  commission  in  the 

°   British  Army  subsequently,  and  continued  in  service  unt'l  his 

deooase  in  England  in  1808. 

Malcolm,   John.     A   custom-house  officer,  at  Portland, 

•  Mair.e.  Early  in  1774  he  was  seized  at  Boston,  tarred  and 
feathered,  and  carried  through  the  streets  in  derision.  A  few 
days  before  this  occun'ence  he  struck  a  tradesman,  who,  as  he 

.  alleged,  liad  fre([uently  insulted  him,  wiien  a  warrant  was 
issued  against  him  ;  but  as  the  constable  had  not  been  able  to 
find  him,  a  mob  gathered  about  his  house,  and  broke  his  win- 
dows. Malcolm  was  in  the  house,  and  pushing  his  sword 
through  a  broken  window,  wounded  one  of  the  assailants. 
The  inultitude  then  made  a  rush,  broke  in,  and  finding  him 
in  a  chamber,  lowered  him  by  a  roi)e   into  a  cart,  tore  off  liis 

■    clothes,  and  tarring  and  feathering  him,  dragged  him  through 

several  streets  to  the  Liberty  Tree,  and  thence  to  the  gallows 

on  the  Neck,  where  he  was  beaten  and  threatened  with  death. 

Having  been  detained  under  the  gallows  for  an  hour,  he  v'ao 

°  conveyed  to  the  extreme  north  part  of  the  town,  and  thence 

.  3  back  to  his  house.     He  was  kept  stripped  four  hours,  and  was 
°  so  bruised  and  benumbed  by  the  cold,  that  his  life  was   de- 
spaired of.     His  offences  —  besides  striking  the  person  above 
mentioned  —  ai»pear  to  have   consisted   in  seizing  a  vessel  at 
Portlanil  for  want  of  a  register,  and   in  using  great  freedom 

„  and  rudeness  of  speech  at  Boston,  in  condemning  the  })roceed- 
ings  of  the  Whigs. 

Mallakd,  Thomas.     During  the  war,  he  was  in  the  city 

•  of  New  York.     The  following  receipt  has  been  i)reserved :  — 

"■New    York,  13    Novbr.   1780.     Rec'd   bv  order  of  the 
\  Commander  in  Chief  of  Mr.  Tliornas  Mallard  thirty  pounds. 


If '  M 


'.M 


-m  'A 


|K 


I   ■  -r 


■    ( 

1 

i    '  ■"' 

1  '  ^ 

i    j 

\-.„ 

!    :'; 

'r'',  \V 

* 


44 


MALLETT.  -  MAN. 


being  half  a  year's  rent  clue  the  1st  inst.  for  No.  522  Hanover 
Square,  for  the  use  express'd  in  said  order. 

jeaoioTO  John  Smyth,  Coll'r  of  rents." 


.,|1 


It  may  be  remarked,  that  the  above  is  one,  probably,  of  many 
hundred  receipts  given  by  John  Smyth  for  payment  of  rents 
while  the  Royal  Army  occupied  New  York.  After  the  evac- 
uation, the  question  arose,  whether  the  persons  who  had  occu- 
pied buildings  under  the  authority  of  the  British  Commander- 
in-Chief  could  plead  payments  to  Smyth  in  bar  of  actions 
commenced  against  them  by  the  owners.  This  question,  be- 
fore it  was  finally  disposed  of,  caused  much  excitement  among 
the  people,  in  the  Courts,  and  in  the  Legislature.  Mr.  Mal- 
lard settled  in  New  Brunswick  in  1788,  and  died  at  St.  John 
about  the  year  1803. 

Mai, LETT,  Pktku.  Of  North  Carolina.  He  left  the  State  ; 
but  early  in  1782,  went  in  a  flag  of  truce  from  Charleston  to 
Wilmington,  determined  to  remain  and  hazard  the  conse- 
quences. 

Man,  Ensign.  Of  Petersham,  Massachusetts.  He  grad- 
uated at  Harvard  University  in  1704,  and  taught  school  in 
Lancaster  two  or  three  years.  Li  1767,  probably,  he  re- 
moved to  Petersham  to  pursue  the  same  employment.  At 
this  time  he  was  a  warm  Whig ;  and  was  continually  involved 
in  difficulties  with  persons  of  the  Royal  party,  of  whom  seve- 
ral were  educated  men.  The  Rev.  Aaron  Whitney,  the  min- 
ister of  the  town,  was  among  his  opposers.  There  came  a 
change.  Before  the  appeal  to  arms,  "  Mr.  Man  had  been 
wounded  and  taken  captive  by  a  subtler  warrior,  and  a  hero 
of  more  conquests  than  ever  went  clad  in  armor  of  metal. 
The  minister  could  not  convert  him  from  his  idol  worship  at 
the  shrine  of  Liberty,  nor  all  the  armies  of  the  Royal  George 
subdue  or  blind  his  spirit ;  but  the  minister  had  a  gentle 
daughter,  the  glance  of  whose  eyes  smote  his  shield  through 
and  through,  cleft  his  helmet  in  twain,  and  left  him  defence- 
less. At  the  feet  of  Miss  Alice  Whitney,  he  had,  by  this 
time,  surrendered  at  discretion,  renouncing  utterly  the  politics 


; 


aavo 


s 


I 


i 


MANN.  — MANLOVE. 


46 


of  his  earlier  manliood."  ^  Mr.  Man  <r  '  in  1820 ;  and  tliis 
fact  is  all  I  liave  been  able  to  ascertain.  [See  T/i"iii(is  Bt-a- 
mioi,  and  Auroti   Whitiii'i/I. 

Mann,  GKoiuiE.     A  gentleman  of  great  wealth  and  influ- 
ence, who  resided  in  the  interior  of  New  York.     lie  was  dis- 
tinguished  for  his  attachment  to  the   Royal  cause,  and  the 
King's  Commissioners  met  at  his  house  for  the  purpose  of  ad- 
ministerinji  the  oath  of  allegiance  to  the  surroundinjr  inliabit- 
ants.     On  one  occasion,  in  177H,  when  upwards  of  one  hund- 
di'ed  had  tlnis  signified  tlicir  loyalty,  and  had  beer,  paraded 
before  Mann's  door  with  the  red  badge  upon  their  hats,  and 
he  had  commenced  a  most  stirring  and  loyal  oration,  a  body 
of  Whig  cavalry  dashed  in,  spoiled  the  speech,  and  caused  the 
speedy    flight  of  all    ])resent.     Word   was   given    to    pursue 
Maim,  and  bring  him  in  alive  if  j)ossible,  but  to  biing  him  in, 
dead  or   alive.     Mann   sheltered  himself  upon   the   top  of  a 
wheat-stack,  where  he  was  discovered  by  the  son  of  a  'Vliig, 
a  lad  of  sixteen,  who  made   known  the  order,  that  if  ]w  did 
not  surrender  he  nuist  be  shot.     Mann  implored  for  mercy, 
but  the  stripling  repeated  the  terms.     The  boy's  heart,  how- 
ever, failed  him,  for  his  prisoner  had  lived  a  neighbor  to  his 
father,  and  had  been  kind  to  him.     Tt  was  night,  the  rain  de- 
scended in   torrents,  and    Mann   contrived    to  escapes   to   the 
mountains,  where  he  remained  fiftL-en  days.     He  subsequently 
gave  himself  uj),  on  condition,  made  through  friends,  that  he 
should   receive   no  personal   harm,  and  was  taken  to  Albany 
and  ke))t  in  confinement  to  the  close  of  the  war.     11  is  estate 
was  not  confiscated,  and  he  was  suftered  to  repossess  himself 
of  it,  and  to  live  and  die  upon  It. 

Mann,  John.  Of  New  York.  Settled  in  Nova  Scotia, 
and  had  charge  of  a  parish.  He  died  at  Newport,  Nova 
Scotia,  1817,  aged  seventy-three. 

Mani.ovk,  Hoaz.  Of  Delaware.  Fled  to  New  York,  in 
1777.  Proclamation  in  1778  that  unless  he  should  surrender 
himself  to  be  tried  for  treason,  within  a  specified  time,  his 
pro])erty  would  be  confiscated. 

1  Address  of  Rev.  Edirund  B.  Willson,  at  Petersham,  July  4,  1854. 


ll: 


'll 


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ll  I' 


111' 


i 


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i'i   li' 


ll! 


\': 


n 


46 


MANSFIKLD.  -  M  ANSIN. 


Manskikm),  Ri;v.  Rkhahi),  D.  D.  Of  Connecticut. 
Episcopal  minister.  He  was  born  at  New  Haven  in  1724, 
and  graduated  at  Yale  College  in  1741.  He  was  bred  a  Con- 
gregationalist.  In  1748,  a  convert  to  Episcopacy,  ho  was 
ordained  in  London,  and  appointed  a  missionary  by  tlie 
Society  for  the  Propagation  of  the  Gospel  in  Foreign  I'arts. 
He  returned  to  Connecticut  in  1749,  and  officiated  at  Derby, 
West  Haven,  Waterbury,  and  Northbury.  After  the  year 
17r)r),  his  labors  were  confined  to  Oxford  and  Derby.  In 
177i)  lie  was  coni])elled  to  Hy  from  his  parishioners  and  from 
his  home,  to  escape  violence.  Ho  even  feared  im[)risonment 
and  deatli ;  and  found,  he  said,  "  a  temporary  asylum  in  the 
loyal  town  of  Hempstead."  He  said,  too,  that,  of  one  hun- 
dred and  thirty  families  under  his  pastoral  care,  one  hundred 
and  ten  were  steadfast  adherents  to  the  Crown,  and  "  abhor 
the  present  unnatural  rebellion,  and  all  those  measures  which 
have  led  to  it."  When  driven  into  exile,  his  family  consisted 
of  his  wife,  an  infant  just  weaned,  four  other  small  children, 
and  foui  of  adult  age,  who,  he  wrote,  "  were  overwliclmed 
with  grief  and  bathed  in  tears,  and  but  very  slenderly  provided 
with  the  means  of  support."  His  oft'ence  appears  to  have 
been  a  letter  to  Governor  Tryon,  in  which  he  expressed  the 
opinion  that,  if  the  King's  troops  were  sent  to  protect  the 
Loyalists,  several  thousand  men  in  the  three  Western  coun- 
ties of  the  Colony  would  jcir.  tl'.om. 

He  died  in  1820,  aged  ninety-six.  His  wife  was  Anna 
Hull,  of  the  family  of  Isaac  Hull,  Captain  in  the  United 
States  Navy.  Nine  of  his  thirteen  children  lived  to  years  of 
maturity,  one  of  whom  graduated  at  Yale  College. 

Mansfield,  Isaac.  Of  Marblehead,  Massachusetts.  An 
Addresser  of  Hutchinson  in  1774.  A  Loyalist  of  this  name, 
and  a  Sandemanian,  died  at  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1835, 
aged  eighty-four. 

Mansin,  Henry.  Native  of  Prussia.  Emigrated  to 
Philadelphia,  from  London,  about  1772.  Went  to  Jamaica, 
and  thence  to  North  Carolina.  After  the  rising  of  the  people 
at  Ninty-Six,  South  Carolina,  he  joined  John  Stuart,  Super- 


i'l 


.  ilii 


M ANSON.  -MARKS, 


47 


intcndcnt  of  Indian  Affairs,  and  irtired  to  St.  Augustine, 
Florida,  wlien  lie  was  ai)pointed  Captain  in  tlio  corps  of 
RanctTs.  Tie  sold  his  commission;  acted  as  Stuart's  agent 
for  awhile  ;  and  in  1777,  went  to  New  York,  and  was  com- 
missioned Lieutenant  in  the  Queen's  Rangers,  by  Sir  William 
Howe.  lie  went  with  the  Royal  Army  to  Philadelphia,  and 
was  taken  ])risoner. 

Manhon,  Danikl.  Of  Charleston,  Soutli  Carolina.  In 
1782  he  was  Major  of  the  North  Carolina  Volunteers.  Ho 
went  to  England  at  the  peace,  having  served  throughout  tht 
war.     He  died  at  Berwick,  in  181(5,  aged  seventy-seven. 

Manson, .     Of  South  Carolinia,  or  Georgia.     Ho 

ai)peared  before  Georgetown,  and  demanded  permission  to 
land,  and  was  refused.  Thereupon,  he  sent  a  party  on  shore 
to  apply  the  torch  to  a  number  of  buildings  near  the  water. 
Under  cover  of  his  guns,  this  was  done.  Next,  ho  di- 
rected his  crew  t  open  a  fire  upon  the  burning  dwellings,  in 
a  way  to  prevent  the  inhabitants  from  extinguishing  the 
flames,  or  removing  their  property.  The  result  was,  that 
forty-two  houses  were  reduceil  to  ashes. 

MAU(;niN(iT()N,  PiiiMP.  Of  Pennsylvania.  His  estate 
was  confiscated.  He  was  at  New  York,  some  part  of  the 
war,  a  merchant,  lie  settled  at  Nova  Scotia,  and  died  at 
Halifax,  in  1808,  aged  seventy-two.  His  daughter  Mary 
married  Lieutenant-Colonel  John  Wellsford,  101st  Reiriment. 
British  Army,  and  died  at  Halifax,  1842,  at  the  age  of  fifty- 
six.  Major  Wellsford,  a  son  of  this  daughter,  and  Captain 
Parker,  were  sla''i  in  the  Crimean  war,  in  the  attack  on  the 
Redan  ;  and  a  cenotaph  has  been  erected  to  their  memory  at 
Halifax. 

Makks,  Nf.hkmiah.  He  was  born  at  Derby,  Connecticut. 
Soon  after  the  war  commenced,  he  repaired  to  New  York, 
and  engaged  with  the  British  Commander  there  to  act  as  a 
despatch  agent.  At  the  peace  he  retired  to  Nova  Scotia,  but 
in  the  spring  of  1784  he  settled  at  St.  Stephen,  New  Bruns- 
wick, where  he  died,  July,  1799,  aged  fifty-two  years.  His 
wife,  Betsy,  died  at  the  same  place  in  1812,  aged  sixty.    Eight 


^'■ii(*  .1 


1:' 


H 


•il 


It    '. 


(     -ii.i 


'>'    111 
111 


If  I 


I,    I 


;'1 


f  '      ' 


1 


^'     ii.!: 


^!        ) 


48 


MAUll. -MAllTIN. 


>.     I 


yi  >    u 


;ii 


!'• 


o 

0      ° 


I.     I 


diililron  survived  liiin.  His  son  Nclit'ininh,  a  liij^hly  cntor- 
prisinj;  slii|i-o\vii(.'r  u{'  St.  Stcplion,  was  Iiii'Utt'iiiiiit-(.'()l()nt.'l  of 
("liarlottu  County  Militiu,  and  a  ina<;iHtnitt'.  Jlis  ilauj^litor 
Hannah  married  (Jeneral  John  Jirewur,  u  distinguished 
citizen  of  Kobinstown,  Maine. 

Mviiii,  Lai  UKXCK.  Of  New  Jersey.  He  was  one  of 
cfames  Moody's  i)arty,  in  the  attempt  to  break  into  tlie  State 
House,  and  carry  off  the  books  and  papers  of  the  Continental 
Congress  ;  and  one  of  the  two  who  were  made  piisoners. 
He  was  tried  as  a  spy,  and  executed  at  l*iiihnlel|)hia,  Novem- 
ber, 17Sl.  He  forgave  his  betiayer,  he  said,  the  niglit  before 
his  death,  as  freely  as  he  himself  hoped  to  be  forgiven  by  his 
Maker. 

Maiik.  .Famks.  Of  New  York.  In  I77t»  he  conducted 
two  soldiers  in  search  for  *'  Rebels,"  and  in  profane  epithet 
threatened  to  plunder  a  lady  who  was  suspected  of  harboring 
Whigs,  and  who,  indeed,  had  one  in  the  house  asleep  in  his 
iniiform. 

Mausiiai.l,  Jamks.  Captain  in  the  New  York  Volunteers. 
Went  to  England  in  1779,  and  died  there  the  same  year. 

Maksion,  IJkn.iamin.  Son  of  Colonel  Henjamin  Marston, 
of  Salem,  Massachusetts.  Graduated  at  Harvard  University 
in  1741>.  Merchant  of  Marblehead.  In  1774  an  Addresser 
of  Hutchinson.  He  went  to  Halifax  in  177(!,  but  returned 
in  Se[»teml)er  of  that  year,  when  he  was  arrested  and  put  in 
Plymouth  jail.  A  month  later,  the  Council  i>i'  Massachusetts 
ordered  his  transfer  to  the  jail  of  Bristol  County.  In  1778 
he  was  proscribed  and  baiii>lied.  In  11*j2  he  was  Deputy 
Surrogate  in  New  Urunswick.  He  died  on  the  coast  of 
Africa,  in  I7!t'5,  while  in  the  service  of  the  African  Company. 

Maktin,  Josiah.  Last  Iloyal  Governor  of  North  Caro- 
lina. He  entered  the  IJritish  Arniv,  in  17oG,  as  an  ensign, 
and  belli  the  rank  of  major,  five  years  later.  He  entered  on 
the  administration  of  the  affairs  ot  North  Carolina  in  1771. 
His  first  duty  seems  to  have  been  to  conciliate  the  Regulators, 
who  had  been  in  open  rebellion  and  in  arms  during  the  ad- 
ministration of  his  predecessor.     His  efforts  were  successful. 


Apri 

in 

Mail 

the 

sloop 


1  ( 


MARTIN. 


40 


his 


4 


and  n  very  considi'rnblo  proportion,  and  porlinps  n  niiijority, 
of  the   I{i'<:ul'itors  —  sii\j:;nliir  as  is  tlio  fact  —  adhered   to  the 
Crown   in  the   Kevohition.     lint  Tryon  had  hetpieathed  the 
far  more  serious  and  <j;eneral  controversy  witli  the  \Vhi<;s  ; 
and  Martin  soon  heeanie  involved  in  ditKcuhi(!s.      In  his  hist 
speeeh  to  the  Assenihly  in  April,  1775,  he  reviews  the  wh«)h! 
course   of  attairs   at    lon<;th,  and  witii    more  than    common 
ahilitv.     TIk!   House  returned  a  spirited  answer,  and  he  im- 
mediately dissolved  it.     As  (iovernor  Martin  hud  no  nulitary 
force,  his  solo  dependence  now,  to  carry  on  the  Government, 
was  on  such  of  the  Council  us  remained  faithful  to  the  in- 
terests of  the  Crown.      He  proi)osed,  or  nt  least  suggested, 
the    proftriety  of  issuing   writs   for   the    election    of  a    new 
Assenihly,    hut    his   advisers    recommended   delay.     Hut  he 
commenced    fortitying   the    i)alace,  and  the  embodying  of  a 
force  of  Loyalists.    These  hostile  jn-eparations,  and  the  knowl- 
edge that  he  had  written  to  Gage,  at  Boston,  for  arms  and 
annnunition,  soon    produced    an    open    rupture.     .Some  bold 
Whigs  seized  and  carri(>d  off  the  cannon  wiiich  he  had  planted, 
while    he   and    his  Council   wore  in  session,  on  the  24th  of 
April.     On  that  day,  the  records  nf  the  Royal  Government 
in    North  (\'irolina    cease ;    ami    in    the    evening.    Governor 
Martin  Hed  to  Fort  John -ton,  on  the  Cape  Fear  River.     But 
the   Whigs   pursued,  and  drove  him    from  the  Fort  to  the 
sloop-of-war  CnilHcr,  from  which  ship,  on  the  Hth  of  August, 
he  issued  a  proclamation,  and  one  of  the  longest,  pmbably, 
on   record.       The    battle    of  Moore's    Creek,  in    which    the 
Loyalists,  under  McDonald,  were  defeated  and  dispersed  by 
Colonel  Caswell,  followed  in  February,  177(5  ;  and  Governor 
Martin,  embarking  on  board  the  fleet  of  Sir  I'eter  I'aiker, 
arrived  at  Charleston,  South  Carolina,  early  in  June  of  that 
year.     His  estate  in   North  Carolina  was  confiscated.     The 
documents  which  rei.ite  to  his  administration  show  that    ho 
was   a   man  of  remarkable   force   and  energy'  of  character. 
"  I  have  constantly  received    the   most  zealous   assistance," 
said  Lord  Cornwallis,  in  a  despatch,  in  1781,  "from  Gov- 
ernor Martin  during  my  command  in  the  Southern  district. 

VOL.    11.  6 


'M 


1     !'     ; 


i 


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i  ■  I 


llii'l 


'til 


60 


MARTIN. 


F 


Ij'ii' 


VI 


1'li 


.1).,, 


Hoping  tliat  his  presence  would  tend  to  excite  the  loyal  sub- 
jects in  this  Province  to  take  an  active  part  with  us,  he  has 
chearfully  submitted  to  the  fatigues  of  our  campaign  ;  but  his 
delicate  constitution  has  suftbrcd  by  his  public  spirit,  for,  by 
the  advice  of  the  Physicians,  he  is  now  obliged  to  return  to 
England  for  the  recovering  his  health." 

He  died  at  London  in  1786.  He  married  his  cousin 
Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Josiah  Martin,  of  Long  Island,  New 
York.  Samuel  Martin,  who  fought  a  duel  with  John  Wilkes, 
was  his  brother.  His  half-brother.  Sir  Henry  Martin,  was 
created  a  Baronet  in  1791. 

Maktin,  Samukl.  Of  Virginia.  Lost  his  estate  under 
the  Confiscation  Act.  The  British  Government,  in  consider- 
ing the  claims  of  the  Loyalists,  fixed  the  value  of  the  fee- 
simple  of  his  landed  property  at  <£  13,115,  and  of  his  life-in- 
terest therein  at  X  0,500,  and  for  the  life-interest  gave  him  a 
certificate  of  compensation.  An  attempt  was  made  to  secure 
the  reversion,  estimated  at  ,£0,015,  for  his  son,  George 
Mai'tin ;  but  it  is  believed  that  the  Legislature  of  Virghiia 
refused  to  interfere  with  its  previous  Act,  by  which  the  whole 
interest  was  presumed  to  be  vested  in  the  fjxther. 

Mahtix,  Thomas.  Of  Virginia.  In  1751  he  went  from 
England  to  Virginia,  to  live  with  his  uncle,  Thomas  Lord 
Fairfax,  who,  at  his  death,  in  1782,  bequeathed  him  a  fine 
estate.  At  one  time  he  held  the  commission  of  Colonel  in 
the  British  Army.     He  died  in  Virginia  in  1798. 

Martin,  Samuel.  A  physician,  of  Far  Rockaway,  New 
York.  Gave  his  parole  of  honor  in  1770  that  he  would  not 
directly  or  indirectly  oppose  the  Whigs  ;  and  gave  surety  in 
£500.  He  was  a  man  of  great  wealth.  He  died  at  Rock- 
away  in  1806. 

Martin,  Laughlin.  Of  South  Carolina.  Was  tarred 
and  feathered  at  Charleston,  and  was  ordered  to  depart  to 
England.  Subsequently,  on  expressing  his  contrition  for  his 
oftences,  he  was  allowed  to  remain  in  the  city,  and  to  pursue 
his  avocation. 

Martin,  William.  Captain  in  the  North  Carolina  High- 
landers.    Went  to  England.     Died  at  Edinburgh  in  1791. 


by 
Gov( 

anch 

jail 

prac 

requ 


MASON.  -  MATTHEWS. 


51 


...    '^^    I 


J 


I 


Mason,  James.  Was  cliarged  ',vith  "  treasonable  practices 
against  tlie  States  of  America,"  and,  July  18,  1770,  was  a 
prisoner  in  jail,  at  Litchfield,  Connecticut. 

Mason,  Samuel.  Settled  in  New  Brunswick.  In  179.5 
he  was  a  member  of  the  Loyal  Artillery  of  St.  John.  He 
died  in  that  city,  1827,  aged  sixty-six  years. 

Mason,  John.  Of  New  York.  One  of  the  messenn-ors 
sent  by  Sir  Henry  Clinton  to  the  revolted  Pennsylvania  lino 
in  1781.  He  was  seized  and  executed  as  a  spy.  [For  details 
of  this  occurrence,  see  JamcH  OgiJcn.'] 

Massiniuud,  George.  Of  North  Carolina.  In  Decem- 
ber, 1775,  a  Whig,  who  had  caught  him  in  the  course  of  his 
official  excursions,  carried  liim  before  the  Council,  and  prayed 
that  condign  punishment  miglit  be  inflicted.  But  Massinbird 
played  the  penitent,  and  was  released. 

Matfiek,  Samuel.  Clerk  of  the  Customs.  In  1776  he 
embarked  at  Boston  for  Halifax  with  the  British  Army  ;  and 
in  August  of  that  year  arrived  in  England.  A  gentleman  of 
this  name  died  in  Boston,  181o,  aged  seventy-seven. 

jNIathews,  Fletcmeu.  Of  New  York.  During  the  war 
he  was  proceeded  against  by  the  commissioners  appointed  to 
the  cliarge  of  persons  who  adhered  to  the  Crown,  and  was 
ordered  to  be  sent  within  the  British  lines.  But  Governor 
Clinton  having  so  far  interfered  with  the  decision  as  to  detain 
him  for  the  purpose  of  exchange,  he  was  suffered  to  remain  in 
the  country  without  interruption. 

Mathews,  Geokge.  Died  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick, 
in  1882,  aged  eighty-four. 

Matthews,  David.  Of  New  York.  In  office  under  the 
Crown  eighteen  or  twenty  years  prior  to  the  Revolution.  In 
February,  177G,  he  was  appointed  Mayor  of  the  city  ;  and 
by  permission  of  the  Provincial  Congress  was  (pialified  by 
Governor  Tryon  on  board  the  ship  Duciu'its  of  Gordon,,  at 
anchor  in  the  harbor.  In  July  of  the  same  year  he  was  in 
jail  at  Litchfield,  Connecticut,  charged  with  "  treasonable 
practices  against  the  States  of  America  ; "  but,  at  his  own 
request,  was  removed  to  Hartford,  where  he  had  friends,  and 


:  .Hi. 


\m 


Wik  '\: 


!|  Til 


:,*  ■, 


<■. 


I  ) 


1 

1  1 

1        J* 

:] 

•    I 

1 

k. 

1 

1, 

,1  ■    .1 

i ' '  if  1^ 


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Ill 


'lll'« 


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62 


M  AUDESLEY.  —  MAXWELL. 


"If 


iiJH 


ilf 
'I 


could  see  liis  wife.  In  1782  he  was  Register  of  the  Court  of 
Admirahv.  He  had  a  house  in  New  York,  and  another  in 
Flatbush,  and  kept  up  an  estabhslinient  at  both.  His  estate 
was  eonfisfated.  After  the  war,  he  was  President  of  the 
Council  and  Commander-in-Chief  of  the  Island  of  Cape 
Breton. 

Maudksley,  John.  Of  Rhode  Island.  In  a  Loyalist 
pamphlet  published  at  London,  in  1874,  he  is  styled  "Honor- 
able "  ;  and  it  is  said  that  he  was  a  Rebel  until  the  Royal 
Army  took  possession  of  Rhode  Island,  when  he  pretended 
loyalty ;  and  that,  changing  again  at  the  ])eace,  he  satisfied 
the  Whigs  of  his  faithfulness  to  them,  recovered  his  estate, 
and  took  the  oath  of  allegiance  to  the  new  Government. 
Whatever  the  truth,  he  was  one  of  the  memorable  "  Fifty- 
five  ''  Loyalists,  who,  in  1783,  petitioned  for  lands  in  Nova 
Scotia.     [See  Ahijah  W'dlard.'] 

Maxwell, .     Of  Georgia.     He  fled  to  the  British, 

and  his  estate  was  confiscated.  He  returned  in  178J3,  and 
applied  for  the  restoration  of  citizenship  and  property.  His 
petition  was  rejected,  but  the  Governor,  in  the  recess  of  the 
Legislature,  permitted  him  to  live  at  his  old  home,  a  privilege 
which  was  soon  terminated  by  his  death.  The  inference  from 
the  account  is  that  he  was  assassinated. 

Maxwell, .      Of  Maryland,   and    Major   in   the 

Prince  of  Wales  Regiment.  When  in  conuiiand  of  Fort 
Granby  on  the  Congaree,  he  was  invested  by  Lee.  The 
Whig  was  told  that  his  antagonist  was  not  distinguished  for 
valor  ;  that  he  was  zealous  to  fill  his  purse  rather  than  to 
gather  military  laurels,  and  that  the  fort  contained  the  sj)oiI 
of  years.  After  a  pom[)ous  summons,  and  some  adroit  move- 
ments on  the  part  of  Lee,  the  Loyalist  proposed  to  surrender 
tlie  post  on  the  conditions  that  private  property  should  be 
respected  ;  that,  furnished  with  an  escort,  his  force  should  be 
allowed  to  go  to  the  British  Army  at  Charleston  as  prisoners 
of  war.  To  these  terms,  with  some  modifications,  Lee  con- 
sented. When  the  capitulation  was  signed,  it  was  ascertained 
that  the  garrison  consisted  of  two  hundred  and  eighty  Loy- 


natn 
His 


\  1 


MAXWELL.  —  McADAM. 


63 


of 
n 


St 

r- 
il 


■! 


tiHsts  and  iixty  Hessians.  Lee's  troops  fared  sumptuously  on 
the  good  things,  which,  as  pubhc  stores,  fell  to  their  lot.  The 
fort  was  so  strong,  that,  in  Lee's  opinion,  its  reduction  would 
have  employed  the  whole  of  Greene's  force  for  a  week ;  in 
which  time,  Lord  Rawdon's  interposition  to  save  it  was  pos- 
sible. It  proved,  indeed,  that  his  Lordship  actually  crossed 
the  Santee  while  the  very  valiant  Maxwell  was  in  com- 
mand. 

Maxwell,  John.  Li  England  in  1779,  and  directed  to 
testify  before  Parliament,  on  the  inquiry  into  the  conduct  of 
Sir  William  Howe  and  General  Burgoyne  while  in  America, 
but  was  not  examined. 

Mayer,  Doctoh  Cassimire.  Of  Pownalborough,  Maine. 
At  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,  in  177!>,  and  accused  of  concealing 
deserters  frrT>"  ships-of-war,  but  acquitted ;  at  the  British  post 
at  the  mou  '  the  Penobscot  in  1781  ;  again  in  Nova 
Scotia  in  1;  ,  v-iiere  he  had  "  built  him  a  hut  on  the  banks 
of  the  Sydney,  and  lived  (luito  in  the  hermit's  style."  It  is 
said  that  he  was  the  "  queerest  of  mortals."  When  he 
landed  at  Halifax,  as  above  mentioned,  he  marched  along 
in  all  the  pride  of  poverty  and  majesty  of  rags  and  i)atclies, 
which  exhibited  the  various  dyes  of  the  rainbow,  "  while  his 
broad  Dutch  face  opened  at  the  mouth  from  car  to  ear." 
Over  all,  he  wore  a  threadbare  scarlet  coat  brought  from 
Germany  nearly  thirty  years  before. 

McAdam,  John  Loudoun.  The  projector  of  the  im- 
provement in  the  making  of  highways  known  as  McAdam- 
ized  x'oads.  He  was  born  in  Scotland  in  175G  ;  emigrated 
to  New  York  when  a  lad,  and  remained  in  that  city  through- 
out the  Revolution.  Under  the  protection  of  the  British 
troops,  he  accumulated  a  considerable  fortune,  as  agent  for 
tiie  sale  of  prizes.  At  the  close  of  the  war  he  returned  to  his 
native  land,  with  the  loss  of  nearly  the  whole  of  his  property. 
His  system  of  making  roads  is  too  well  known  to  require  de- 
scription. The  British  Government  gave  him  X  10,000,  and 
tendered  the  honor  of  knighthood,  which  he  declined,  but 
which  was  conferred  on  his  son,  James  Nicholl  McAdam. 

6* 


.r*  )i 


Mi* 

'1 


ill!! 


I      il 


I  . 


r  '  \'\ 

,i   .;  ili 

)' ' 

:'.^t^ 

1 

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i: 

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","' 'V  '.".<';  •.•'.""•'".' :'■'■^ '••  .'•,   ' '•"• 


64 


McADAM.  —  McCLAIN. 


He  (lied  at  MofFut,  county  of  Diuhfries,  in  1836,  aged  eighty. 
.     By  liis  first  wife,  a  lady  ot  the  name  of  Nicholl,  lie  had  six 
■..children,!    "t  of  whom  survived  him.     Anna  Charlotte,  his 
■...■    widow,  daughter  of  John  Peter  DeLancey,  and  sister  of 
'..  Bislibp  De  Lancey,  of  New  York,  died  at  lioddcson,  Hertr  • 
.■  fordshire,  England,  May,  1852.;;  \ -v; .; ,  .   ■  '      :  .    ^'^^ 

:..  :"       McAdam,  William.     Merchant,  of  New  York.     His  es- 
tate was  confiscated.      Like    many  of  his  associates  of  the 
■.•..  Committee  of  Fifty  of  that  city,  "appointed  to  correspond 
.with  our  sister  Colonies,"  he    ■'^s,  I  conclude,  from  the  docu- 
ments of  the  day,  disposed  at  the  outset  to  favor  tiie  popular 

;  ^■.;.- -'cause.- •'.,.  ^'   '■;  ■'.,";        ■'■/.•-^  ■■,-:,■■;■;.  ■-■-■■\-- •..';.;  ^.  .■/}■■■' ■■'.. 

•' ;•     •  ^McAli'INK,  William/   Printer  and  bookbinder,  of  BostonJ 
.   ■    An  Addresser  of  Hutchinson  in  1774,  ana  of  Gage  in  1775; 
was  proscribed  and  banished  in  1778.     He  remaired  in  that 
•   .'town  during  the  siege,  bxit  embarked  with  the  lirituh  Army, 
...;•:    and    went  to    Halifax.      Subsequently,    he    went    to    Great 
..'■";  Britain^  and  died  at  Glasgow  in  1788.     His  place  of  busi- 
ly:, iiess,  while  in  Boston,  was  at  one  time  opposite  to  the  Old 
.■...••  South  Church. 

'■;•;.      McAktuuk,  AucHiuALn.     Of  North  Carolina.     In  arms 

,  ■.' :  agaiiist   the  Whigs   in  1770  ;   died  the  same  year;  and  the 

■~    '  :Provincial  Congress  ordered  the  Commissioners  for  Cumber- 

:       land  County  to  dispose  of  his  estate.  -' .        '    .'-  /s"  [-.       , 

' f  •.'-■.    McCall,  George.     Went  to  St.  John,  New  Brunswick, 

• -,v/ at  the  peace,  and  was  a  grantee  of  that  city.     He  established 

■-.;•.  himself  as  a  merchant.     There  was  an  Addresser  of  Hutchin- 

■   son  at  Marblehead,  1774,  of  tliis  name. 

":'^McCarty,Rogkr.     Of  Philadelphia.     In  April,  1778,  he 

?  . -.went  down  the  Delaware,  in  the  schooner  Fidelity,  to  buy 

■-.provisions  at  Reedy  Island.     He  and   his  companions  were 

.••;.:;  taken  by  a  party  of  Whigs,  carried  to  Wilmington,  impris- 

; '       oned,  and  sentenced  to  be  tied  arms  and  legs  to  the  gallows, 

;.-  ..'and  then  to  receive,  on  tlie  bure  buck,  two  hundred  and  fifty 

;.-:'■  'lashes  each,  with  wired  and  knotted  cats.     This  punishment 

^-'  ■*■'-.,     ,  ,.*,.■■ 

■;■   inflicted,  they  were  allowed  to  depart.  .  .•■■ 

/   :     .'  McClain,  Charles.     Of  Pennsylvania.     Joined  the  Brit- 


1 


I 


I**  *.;  ' 


r; 


McCL  ATCIIEY.  —  McCULLOH. 


55 


•  ish  in  Philadclpliia,  and  accompanied  the  Royal  Army  to 
,  .  New  York.  Captured  in  the  ^unvateer  Impertinent.  In  1779 
;    ..in  jail,  and  to  be  tried. 

•  •..>.   McClatchey,  .     I  suppose  of  Georgia.     In  1798 

he  lived  in  Florida,  -^nd  was  largely  concerned  in  the  Indian 
trade,  under  permission  cf  the  Spanish  Government  to  import 
goctds  directly  from  England. 

McCoMB, .     He  commanded  a  company  in  the  ba*- 

tl(  of  Bennington,  in  1777,  and  was  there  killed. 

i»3 ';CoKMicK,  Wii-UAM.  Of  North  Carolina.  Went  to 
England.  In  July,  1779,  he  was  in  London,  and  presented 
an  Address  to  the  king.     His  property  was  confiscated. 

McCuKA,  or  Cra,  Alexander.  Of  North  Carolina. 
Captain  in  the  Loyal  Militia.  Taken  prisoner  in  t!  i3  battle 
at  Cross  Creek,  177G.  Confined  in  Halitiix  Jail ;  sent,  finally, 
to  Maryland. 

McCui.j.oH,  Henry.  Of  North  Carolina.  Ho  obtained 
a  patent  for  1,200,000  acres  of  land  in  that  Colony  lor  him- 
self and  his  asso'-iates  ;  and,  though  a  man  of  fortune,  became 
greatly  enibaiTassed  by  his  endeavors  to  induce  emigration 
from  Ireland  for  the  settlement  of  this  vast  domain.  He  held 
the  ottices  of  Secretary  of  North  Carolina,  of  Surveyor,  In- 
spector and  C'oMptroller  of  the  Revenue,  and  of  Commissioner 
of  Crown  Lands.  He  died  in  England,  "at  a  great  age,"  in 
1779,  or  the  previous  year.  His  name  appears  in  the  Confis- 
cation Act,  though,  as  will  be  seen  i)resently,  his  estate  had 
been  conveyed  to  his  son. 

.  McCuLLOH,  Henry  Eistace.  Of  North  C./olina.  Son 
of  Henry  McC  illoh.  He  was  educated  to  the  law  in  Lon- 
don. About  the  year  17*51  he  emigrated  to  North  Carolina, 
w'ler",  at  first  merely  the  agent  of  his  father,  he  became  a 
member  of  the  Council,  Collector  of  the  Customs  for  the  port 
of  Roanoke,  and  Representative  of  the  Colony  in  England. 
At  the  Revolutionary  era,  he  was  the  sole  surviving  child, 
and  obtained  from  his  father  a  conveyance  of  all  the  property 
in  North  Carolina  ,  and  such  was  his  tact  and  address,  in 
adjusting  his  fathei''s  accounts  v/ith  tiie  Crown,  that  lie  ac 


■A 


'•'■Si,!''   ': 


%' 


'\'< 


i:.\ 


I  '.  )  ; 


I ;.« 


I " 


•  1' 

■'!. 


h    \':f 

I,    I'" 


i 


?•  ■;  L 


'i 
4 


I'''. 


l! 


56 


McCULLOH. 


•}  i 
•I  , 

!  ^i 


:"  i :  -i 


;  I 


quired  "  04,400  well  selected  acres,  without  the  payment  of  a : 
single  dollar."  In  1774,  the  Whigs  dismissed  him  as  Colo- 
nial Agent ;  ""vl  in  1779  his  estate  was  confiscated.  In 
1784  he  api»l'  to  the  Legislature  to  annul  the  act  of  confis- 
cation, but  w.  .(Out  success.  Distincuished  Wni<fs  advocated 
his  cause  witli  zeal,  only  to  lessen  their  own  influence  and 
popularity.  He  petitioned  again  the  next  year ;  but,  instead 
of  relief,  an  Act  was  passed  for  the  immediate  sale  of  the 
whole  of  the  forfeited  property.  Tidings  of  the  state  of  feel- 
ing reached  him  at  London,  in  May,  178.5,  when  he  wrote  : — ; 

"  In  case  of  the  idea  of  an  Act  of  Banishment  being  carried 
into  execution,  I  beg  my  friends  will  not  make  an  effort  to 
take  my  nauie  out  of  it,  ...  I  should  wish  it  in  ;  as  things 
are,  I  consider  myself,  as  it  relates  to  North  Carolina,  as  a 
person,  naturally  as  well  as  politically,  dead;  and  after  all, 
my  heart  feels  an  additional  pang  when  it  reflects  that,  to 
the  rest  of  my  most  unmerited  and  severe  usage,  I  am  obliged 
to  add  the  painful  thought  that  I  shall  now,  —  probably  never, 
—  see  persons  both  most  near  and  dear  to  me."  In  1788  ho 
said,  in  a.  letter  :  "America  may,  must,  and  will,  from  day  to 
day,  rue  her  separation  from  England.  Did  North  Carolina 
deserve  anything  at  my  hands,  connected  as  I  am  here,  I 
might  do  her  great  service."  He  adds  :  "Apply  to  the  State 
for  the  debt  they  owe  me  as  their  Agent.  For  shame  sake 
they  will  not  refuse  payment." 

At  the  date  last  mentioned,  he  was  agent  of  the  North 
Carolina  Loyalists  for  prosecuting  their  claims  for  losses. 
He  iiimself  was  a  claimant;  and  though  he  received  a  con- 
siderable sum,  he  was  dissatisfied.  His  integrity  may  well  be 
(juestioned,  since,  in  his  capacity  of  Councillor,  he  sold  his 
vote,  in  favor  of  the  Tuscarora  grant  of  lands,  to  Williams, 
Pugli,  and  Jones,  for  one  thousand  acres  of  land.  The  fact 
that  he  was  thus  bribed  seems  to  have  been  notorious.  Mr. 
Alexander  Elmsley,  a  gentleman  who  filled  an  oflicial  station 
of  responsibility  while  in  London,  wrote  to  a  friend  in  North 
Carolina  thus  :  "  Mr.  McCulloh  has  often  been  talking  to  me 
of  buying  the  one  thousand  acres  of  land  he  got  for  his  vote 


MccuLLOH.  —  McDonald. 


67 


^  '•]>  I 


(I 


in  Council  from  Pugh  and  Williams.  I  have  never  listened 
to  him,"  &c. 

James  Iredell,  who,  after  the  organization  of  the  Federal 
Government,  was  a  Judge  of  the  Supreme  Court,  was  his 
kinsman,  and  rendered  him  much  valuable  service,  for  which 
he  was  never  retj'  .ited.  Indeed,  the  Judge,  by  the  account  of 
McRae,  his  biographer,  was  treated  with  marked  ingratitude. 
Mc'T'ulloli was  "a  man  of  more  than  ordinary  ability  and  cul- 
ture," but  cunning  rather  than  wise;  of  "  loose  morals,"  ye., 
possessed  of  "  a  decent  regard  for  appearances,  he  veiled  his 
vices  from  the  public  eye."  He  cruelly  neglected  his  "■  ille- 
gitimate son  George,  who,  an  amiable  young  man,  received 
an  excellent  education  in  EnHand."  Though  reduced  in  for- 
tune,  McCulloh  still  had  an  annual  income  of  twelve  hundred 
guineas,  after  the  adjustment  of  his  claim  with  the  British 
Government,  which,  as  he  lived  retired,  was  a  competence. 
He  died  at  his  country  seat,  near  Lor  ^ 

McCuLi.on,  Alkx.wdeu.  Of  North  Carolina.  A  mem- 
ber of  the  Council.  He  advised  Governor  Martin  to  issue  a 
proclamation  against  the  Whig  Convention  appointed  to  meet 
at  Newbern,  April  8d,  177;"),  to  elect  delegates  to  the  Conti- 
nental C'ongress. 

McCuLLoii,  CiiAULES.  Of  Georgia.  Attainted,  and  es- 
tate confiscated. 

•  McCulloh,  Roklut.  Aiipointed  Collector  of  the  Cus- 
toms in  1770,  when  an  effort  was  made  to  reestablish  the 
Royal  Government.  A  Loyalist,  named  Robert  McCulloch, 
was  an  Associator  at  New  York,  in  17H2,  to  settle  at  Shel- 
burne,  No\a  Scotia  ;  probably  the  same. 

McDonald,  Alexandkr.  Major  in  the  regiment  of  North 
Carolina  Iligldanders.  He  was  taken  prisoner  in  the  battle 
of  Cross  Creek,  177<),  confined  in  jail,  but  ordered  finallv  to 
Philadelphia.  His  wife  was  the  celebrated  Flora  McDonald, 
who  was  so  true,  so  devested  to  the  unfortunate  Prince  Charles 
Edward,  the  last  Stuart  who  souiiht  the  tlirone  of  Encrland. 
The  story  is  familiar  to  all,  and  I  will  not  repeat  it.  Suffice 
it  to  say  that  Flora  and  her  husband  emigrated  to  North  Car- 


I 


:!!!' 

::|i 


!   •       I 


!■  i; 


I 


■M 


58 


Mcdonald. 


I 

h 


i  ! 


!  - 


I  ■■ 


olina,  where,  wlien  tlie  Revolution  broke  out,  they  espoused 
the  Royal  cause,  and  the  husband  accepted  a  commission  and 
took  up  arms  a<j;ainst  his  adopted  country,  as  did  two  of  his 
sons.  At  the  close  of  the  war  they,  of  course,  left  America. 
On  their  passage  home,  thoy  encountered  a  French  shipof- 
wai',  and  in  the  action  which  ensued,  the  intrepid  Flora,  true 
to  her  heroic  character,  remained  upon  deck,  and  endeavored 
by  her  voice  and  example  to  encourage  the  sailors.  In  the 
bustle  of  the  fight,  she  was  thrown  down  and  broke  her  arm. 
In  relating  the  incident  afterwards,  she  said  that  she  "  had 
now  perilled  her  life  in  behalf  of  both  the  house  of  Stuart  and 
that  of  Brunswick,  and  got  very  little  for  her  pains."  She 
died  in  17510,  and  was  actually  buried  in  a  shroud  made  from 
the  sheet  in  which  Prince  Charles  had  slept,  and  which  she 
had  preserved  for  this  very  purpose  forty-five  years,  through 
her  many  adventures  and  migrations. 

Major  McDonald  survived  his  wife  a  few  years,  and  died  on 
the  half-pay  list  of  the  British  Army.  His  son  John,  a  Col- 
onel in  the  Army,  and  a  writer  on  military  subjects,  died  at 
Exeter,  England,  in  1831,  at  the  age  of  seventy-two.  His 
only  surviving  daughter,  and  widow  of  Major  McLeod,  died 
at  Steine,  Isle  of  Skie,  in  1835.  The  Hon.  John  McQueen, 
now  (1851))  a  member  of  Congress  from  South  Carolina,  is 
a  grand-nephew  of  Alexander  and  Flora  McDonald. 

■  McDonald,  Jamks.  Of  North  Carolina.  Son  of  Alexan- 
der and  Flora  McDonald.     In  ,1782  he  was  a  lieutenant  of 

.infantry  in  the  British  Legion.  •.•       ■     ' 

.  McDonald,  CiiARi-ES.  Of  North  Carolina.  Son  of  Alex- 
ander and  Flora  McDonald.  In  1782  he  was  a  captain  of 
cavalry  in  the  British  Legion.  I  suppose  that,  previously,  he 
had  been  a  captain  in  the  Queen's  Rangers,  and  had  ex- 
changed into  this  corps.  He  went  to  Great  Britain  at  the 
;pieace,  and  died  there  prior  to  1833.     As  the  late  Lord  Mc- 

■  Donald  saw  his  remains  lowered  into  the  grave,  he  remai'ked, 
"There  lies  the  most  finished  gentleman  of  my  family  and 
name." 

McDoxALD,   Allan.     Of  North   Carolina.      Colonel   in 


]\\ 


McDonald. 


£9 


the  Loyal  Militia.  Authorized,  January,  1776,  by  Gov- 
ernor Martin  in  a  proclamation  on  board  of  the  sloop-of-war 
Scorpion,  to  erect  the  King's  standard,  and  enlist  and  array  in 
arms  all  his  Majesty's  loyal  subjec'"  i  the  county  of  Cumber- 
land, and  "  to  oppose  all  rebels  a.id  traitors."  In  April  of 
the  same  year  he  was  a  prisoner,  but  admitted  to  parole  by 
the  Provincial  Congress.  The  second  in  command  in  the 
battle  of  Cross  Creek,  177t5,  he  was  taken  j)risoner  and  sent 
to  Halifax  Jail,  thence  transferred  to  prison  in  Philadelphia, 
but  was  soon  released,  on  account  of  "  his  candor  and  low 
state  of  health,"  on  parole,  with  liberty  to  live  at  Reading, 
Berks  County. 

McDonald,  Donald.  Of  North  Carolina.  He  was 
known  to  be  warmly  attached  to  the  Royal  side,  and  early  in 
the  struggle  Governor  Martin  authorized  him  to  raise  and 
embody  all  of  like  sympathies  in  the  Colony.  Of  the  troops 
thus  enlisted  on  the  side  of  the  Crown,  McDonald  was  to  be 
placed  in  command  as  Captain-General.  His  success  was 
very  great.  The  Whigs,  alarmed  at  the  aspect  of  affairs, 
placed  General  Moore  in  the  field,  with  all  the  militia  of  the 
popular  party  that  could  be  assembled  without  delay.  The 
opposing  forces  soon  met.  McDonald  was  defeated  and  made 
prisoner.  He  was  at  first  put  in  Halifax  Jail,  but  was  ordered 
to  Philadelphia  and  kept  in  close  confinement  until  exchanged. 
Many  ether  Loyalists  were  cai)tured.  This  discomfiture  was 
of  much  benefit  to  the  Whigs,  and  for  a  considerable  time, 
subsequently,  the  friends  of  the  King  in  North  Carolina  were 
too  much  disheartened  to  attempt  further  offensive  operations. 
The  precipitation  of  the  Loyalists  was  the  cause  of  their  ruin. 
In  1784  General  McDtnald  was  in  London. 

McDonald,  Donald.  Of  Johnstown,  New  York.  In 
1781,  at  the  head  of  a  band  of  Indians  and  Tories,  he  made 
an  attack  upon  ti:e  house  of  John  Christian  Shell,  at  a  place 
called  Shell's  Bush,  near  Herkimer,  New  York.  Duri '~  the 
affray  he  attempted  to  force  the  door  with  a  crowbar,  when 
Shell,  "  quick  as  lightning,"  opened  the  door  and  drew  him 
within  his  dwelling  a  prisoner.     McDonald,  to  save  his  life. 


1.! 


i 


,.ii' 


■^■v;'.i 


I  , 


1 1    I 


?■  V 


t'i. 
ti, 


» 


60 


McDonald. 


:il 


gave  ii|)  his  ammunition  to  be  fiivfl  against  liis  own  ])arty  with- 
out, SiielTs  being  nearly  c'xhau>tc(l.  The  I^oyalists  soon  after 
attomptetl  to  carry  the  house  by  an  assauh,  and  rushing  u))  to 
its  walls,  five  of  them  thrust  their  muskets  throngli  its  loop- 
holes ;  but  Shell's  wife  ruined  every  musket  by  bending  the 
barrels  with  an  nxe.  The  assailants  finally  retired,  but  Shell 
and  his  family  repaired  to  Fort  Dayton,  leaving  McDonald, 
who  had  been  wounded  in  the  leg,  alone  in  the  house.  lie 
'"as  removed  the  next  day,  and  suffered  amjiutation  of  the 
injured  limb,  but  the  blood  could  not  be  stanched,  and  he  died 
a  few  hours  after  the  operation.  lie  wore  a  silver  mountad 
tomahawk,  on  Avhich  Shell,  who  took  it  from  him,  counted 
thirty  scalp  notches  —  showing  the  number  of  ]>ersons  he  had 
scalped  —  honorable  trophies,  indeed  ! 

McDonald, .  Of  Tryon,  now  Montgomery,  Coun- 
ty, New  York.  He  was  a  Lieutiiuant  in  the  service  of  the 
Crown,  and  engaged  in  the  border  atfi-ays  with  IJutler  and 
other  New  York  Loyalists.  During  the  battle  of  the  Oriskany, 
in  1777,  he  fimjjht  hand  to  hand  with  a  Whifj  officer  named 
Gardenier,  who,  though  wounded,  seized  a  barbed  sj)ear  and 
thrust  it  into  his  side.     McDonald  dropped  dead. 

McDonald,  Donald.  Of  New  York.  He  served  the 
Crown,  under  Sir  John  Johnson,  seven  years.  He  died  at 
the  Wolfe  Islands,  near  Kingston,  Upper  (^anada,  in  1HJ59, 
aged  ninety-seven. 

McDonald,  Lewt3.  Of  Bedford,  Westchester  County, 
New  York.  He  was  at  first  at  Whig,  and  a  captain,  and 
a  committee-man ;  but  incurring  the  displeasure  of  his  early 
political  associates,  was  compelled  to  abandon  his  home.  In 
1779  he  was  on  Long  Island,  and  was  robbed  by  a  party 
from  Connecticut. 

McDonald,  Angus.  In  177r)  he  was  arrested  in  New 
York,  and  sent  pnsoner  to  Connecticut  ;  and  the  Gth  of  July 
of  that  year  complained,  in  a  letter  from  Fairfield  Jail,  of 
having  been  placed  in  close  confinement,  and  said  that  he 
expected  "  to  be  treated  more  like  a  gentleman  than  a  high- 
wayman," &c.     His  wife  arrived  at  his  prison  on  that  day. 


McDonald. — McDonnell. 


61 


niul  wlillc  slic  renmineil  ho  prayi'<1  for  more  liberty ;  nnd  lie 
averred  liis  willin^tjess  to  sutler  death,  should  he  abuse  such 
privileges  as  might  be  granted  to  him. 

McDoxAiJ),  Jamk.s.  An  officer  of  dragoons.  After  the 
Revolution  he  was  High-Constablu  of  St.  John,  New  Bruns- 
wick, and  died  in  that  city  in  1804. 

MrUoNAM),  Anous.  Served  in  the  Revolution.  Sotthid 
in  New  lirunswick,  and  died  in  that  Province,  in  1842,  aged 
one  hiuidred  and  six  years. 

McDonald,  ALKXAxnER.  Was  an  officer  in  a  Loyalist 
corps  ;  went  to  New  Brunswick  in  1784,  and  died  in  that 
Colony,  in  1835,  aged  seventy-two. 

McDonald.  Eight,  each  with  a  fiimily,  went  to  Shel- 
burne,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1783  :  namely,  John;  John,  of  New 
York;  John,  of  Albany;  Alkxandkr,  of  New  Jersey;  Ro- 
land and  Donald,  of  Philadelpliia  ;  Michakl,  of  some  other 
place  in  Pennsylvania  ;  and  Soirle,  of  North  Carolina.  The 
last,  who  had  lost  .£4000  by  his  loyalty,  had  seven  servants. 
John,  of  Albany,  had  lost  ^£280,  and  Donald,  ^6240. 

M(D()nell,  Allan.  OfTryon,  (now  Montgomery,)  Coun- 
ty, New  York.  When,  in  1776,  General  Schuyler  was  dis- 
patched to  that  county  to  reduce  and  secure  the  Loyalists, 
he  and  Sir  John  Johnson  entered  into  a  joint  negotiation  for 
terms,  and  his  name  appears  with  that  of  the  Baronet,  in  the 
communications  to  the  General.  Sir  John  had  j)reviously 
sent  him  on  a  secret  embassy  to  (Governor  Tryon  ;  and  it  is 
probable  that  the  severe  treatment  which  the  Baronet  received 
at  the  hands  of  the  Whigs,  was  owing  to  the  knowledge  which 
reached  Congress,  through  some  of  their  agents,  of  this  mis- 
sion to  Tryon.  He  died  at  Three  Rivers,  Canada,  in  1822, 
(juite  aged.  His  daughter  Helen,  widow  of  James  McKenzie, 
died  at  the  same  place,  in  1840,  at  the  age  of  eighty. 

McDonnell,  John.  Of  Tryon  County,  New  York. 
Made  prisoner  at  Johnstown  ;  permitted,  by  Washington, 
May,  177G,  to  go  to  Reading,  Pennsylvania,  to  join  fellow- 
prisoners  who  were  there. 

McDonnell,  . 

VOL.    II.  6 


Ensign  in  the  New  York  Volun- 


T,    I 


M  ^ 


n 


Jv 


^H' 


I  r 


I  M  : 


I  t 


I        ■ 


\4 


n 


I  •.  i 


m  i 


62 


McI)ONOU(;n.  —  Mc(;iLCIIUI8T. 


I 

t: 


teers.     Killed,  1777,  in  the  storming  of  Forts  Montgoinory 
and  Clinton. 

M(i)()N()if(Mi,  Tm»MArt.  Of  New  Hampshire.  He  was 
proscribed  and  banished,  and  his  estate  also  was  confiscated. 
He  was  Secretary  of  Governor  Wentwortli  ;  and  left  Ports- 
mouth in  1770.  Ho  was  subscijuently  appointed  British  Con- 
sul for  New  England,  and  died  at  Boston,  in  ISOf),  aged  sixty- 
five. 

McDouoAi.i),  .     Of  North  Carolina.     Under  Mc- 

Niel,  in  the  attack  on  Hillsborough,  in  17H1,  he  succeeded 
to  the  command  on  the  fall  of  that  officer,  and  carried  Gov- 
ernor Burke,  and  other  prisoners,  to  Wilmington.  Archi- 
HALi),  another  of  this  name,  was  an  Ensign  in  the  North 
Carolina  Volunteera. 

McDowAM.,  Alkxander.  a  Whig  officer,  and  Adjutant 
of  Colonel  Wolles's  regiment  of  the  State  troops  of  Connecti- 
cut. In  17H1  he  was  found  gnilty  of  desertion  to  the  Royal 
cause,  and  ordered  to  be  executed. 

McEvER, .     Of  New  York.     Stami)-Ma8ter  of  the 

Colony.  His  place  of  business  was  in  Hanover  Square ;  his 
house  on  the  site  of  the  building  No.  50  Wall  Street.  In 
August,  1705,  he  resigned.  Truly  enough  did  he  utter,  "  If 
I  attempt  to  receive  the  Stamps,  my  house  will  be  pillaged." 

McEwEN,  James.  Of  Boston.  An  Addresser  of  Hutch- 
inson in  1774.  Among  the  magistrates  who  addressed  Sir 
Charles  Douglas  at  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  1784,  was  one  of 
this  name. 

McFarland,  William.  Among  those  who  perished  in 
the  wreck  of  the  transport  ship  Martha,  in  1788,  were  a 
Lieutenant  McFairlane  or  McFarland  (of  De  Lancey's 
Second  Battalion,  as  the  account  is,)  and  his  wife.  [See  Jamen 
Henley.'] 

McGiLCHRisT,  William.  An  Episcopal  clergyman,  of 
Salem,  Massachusetts.  He  commenced  his  labors  in  Sa!em, 
in  1747,  as  a  missionary  of  the  Society  for  the  Propagation 
of  the  Gospel  in  Foreign  Parts,  with  a  salary  of  £50 ;  and 
continued  in  that  town  until  his  death,  in  1780,  at  the  age  of 


■.  V     . 


McCIIJ,. -M((;iI.LIVAHV. 


68 


sevcnty-tliree.  Hcfltn!  Ii«'  cniiu'  to  Snicin,  I  supiiosc,  lie  was 
ii  minister  in  Soutli  Carolina.  Few  memorials  remain  of  liiin; 
but  tlie  meagre  iicconnts  that  exist,  jjive  liim  an  exeellent 
cliaraeter.  I  conelude,  that,  though  he  remained  with  his 
people,  the  troubles  of  the  times  interfered  with  the  regular 
discharno  of  his  duties.  He  suffered  a  eonsideraMe  loss  of 
property,  and  was  exposed  to  many  trials ;  and  he  said  that 
he  "could  not  freelv  nor  safelv  walk  the  streets  Uy  reason  of 
party  rage  and  malevolence,  and  the  uncontrolled  rancor  of 
some  men."  He  becjueathed  the  arrears  of  three  ;  ars' 
salary  due  to  him,  and  his  share  of  a  sum  that  had  been  given 
to  such  Episcopal  missionaries  as  were  sufft'rers  by  the  Revo- 
lution, to  the  Society  above  mentioned. 

McCiii.r,,  John.  In  1782  he  was  an  officer  of  infantry  in 
the  Queen's  Jiangers,  and  at  the  close  of  the  war  went  to 
New  IJrunswick.  He  removed  to  Upper  (^anada,  and  be- 
came a  person  of  note.  He  died  at  Toronto,  in  1S:54,  at  the 
age  of  eighty-three.  At  the  time  of  his  decease,  he  was 
a  member  of  the  Legislative  Council  of  the  (^olony. 

McGii.MS,  Donald.  He  resided,  at  the  beginning  of  tlie 
Revolution,  on  tlie  Mohawk  River,  New  York.  Embracing, 
the  Royal  side  in  the  contest,  he  formed  one  of  "  a  determined 
band  of  young  men,"  who  attacked  a  Whig  poM,,  and  in  the 
face  of  a  superior  force  cut  down  the  ffag-staff",  and  tore  in 
strips  the  stai's  and  stripes  attached  to  it.  Subsequently,  he 
joined  a  grenadier  company  called  the  Royal  Yorkers,  and 
performed  efficient  service  throughout  the  war.  TT?  settled 
in  Canada  at  the  peace,  and  entering  the  Briti.";  -.ervice 
again  in  1812,  was  commissioned  as  a  CJaptain  in  the  Colonial 
corps,  by  Sir  Isaac  Brock.  He  died  at  River  Rp.isin,  Canada, 
in  1844,  aged  eighty  years. 

McGiLLiVAKY,  Lachi.an.  Of  Georgia.  Colonel  in  the 
service  of  the  Crown.  Born  in  Georgia.  His  father  was  a 
native  of  Scotland ;  his  mother  a  Creek  of  the  half-breed, 
"  bewitching  in  looks,  and  graceful  in  form."  At  the  age  of 
ten,  he  was  sent  to  school  in  New  York.  At  seventeen,  he 
entered  a  counting-room  in  Savannah.     He  disliked  commer- 


I  • 


m 


n 


'I 


r: 


)  ill 


\l\ 


^li-ii 


i      i;i 


i!' 


!       I 


PA 


McGILLIVRAY.  —  McGIRTH. 


:l 


^  i: 


!l 


I  I 


cial  pursuits,  aud,  under  his  father's  flirection,  returned  to  his 
mother's  nation.  He  soon  acquired  commanding  infiuence 
over  tlie  Creeks ;  and,  adhering  to  the  Crown,  exerted  all  his 
ability  to  exasperate  thorn  against  the  Whigs.  In  the  Revo- 
lution, he  had  the  rank  and  pay  of  Colonel,  and  wore  the 
British  uniform.  His  property  was  confiscated  by  that  State, 
and  he  settled  among  the  Creeks,  where  he  became  a  prin- 
cipal agent  of  Indian  Affairs,  and  exercised  a  hostile  sjnrit 
towards  Georgia.  In  1789,  his  son  Alexander,  by  "  a  prin- 
cipal woman  of  the  Upper  Creeks,"  who  had  been  his  deputy, 
and  was  then  his  successor,  resided  in  the  Indian  country, 
and  was  a  personage  of  vast  influence.  General  Knox,  Secre- 
tary of  War,  in  a  report  to  the  President,  said  of  him  :  "  He 
had  an  English  education  ;  his  abilities  and  ambition  appear  to 
be  great ;  his  resentments  are  probably  unbounded  against  the 
State  of  Georgia,  for  confiscating  his  father's  estate,  and  the 
estates  of  his  other  friends,  refugees  from  Georgia,  several  of 
whom  reside  with  him  among  the  Creeks."  Fiam  a  State 
paper  of  an  earlier  date,  I  find  that  Alexander,  in  1785, 
obtained  permission  to  form  connections  with,  and  establish 
British  commercial  houses  for  the  supply  of  the  Indians  ;  and 
that  he  was  an  agent  of  Spain,  with  a  salary.  He  is  every- 
where spoken  of  as  a  man  of  great  talents.  He  died  at 
Pensacola,  February  17,  1793.  He  was  six  feet  high,  and 
very  erect  in  person  and  carriage.  He  wrote  with  great 
rapidity.  His  face  was  handsome,  and  indicated  thought  and 
sagacity. 

McGiLiJVRAY,  William.  Of  Georgia.  He  went  to  Eng- 
land.    He  was  in  London  in  1779. 

McGiKTH,  CoLONKL  Danikl.  Of  Georgia.  Born  in 
South  Carolina.  At  first  a  zealous  Whig,  and,  on  account  of 
his  peculiar  character,  of  essential  service  to  the  popular 
cause.  Whipped  by  sentence  of  a  court-martial,  he  de- 
nounced vengeance,  and  fearfully  enough  did  he  fulfil  the 
threat.  He  harassed  the  inhabitants  of  South  Carolina  and 
Georgia  several  years,  and  by  his  incursions  amassed  a  large 
property,  which  he  dei)osited  in  the  vicinity  of  St.  Augustine. 


Marl 

Assen 

Rut 

Conu 

Wh 

Genei 

went 

in  17 

a  line 

lion 

liam 

M( 
Aftc 
undei 
the 

Md 


McGIRTH.  —  McHAYSEY. 


65 


Hunted  at  last,  as  men  hunt  the  wolf,  he  fled  to  woods  and 
swamps.  The  peace  put  an  end  to  his  depredations  in  the 
States  of  the  South  ;  but  he  continued  them  in  Florida,  until 
their  extent  and  enormity  compelled  the  authorities  to  raise  a 
force  to  oppose  him.  He  was  found,  made  prisoner,  cast  into 
a  dark,  damp  room  or  dungeon,  and  kept  five  years.  After 
his  release,  ruined  in  health,  reputation,  and  estate,  he  re- 
turned to  South  Carolina  —  to  die. 

McGthth,  James.  Of  Georgia.  Captain  in  Brown's  regi- 
ment of  Florida  Rangers.  At  first  a  pretended  Whig,  and 
for  his  treachery  rewarded  with  a  military  commission  in  that 
corps.     Attainted,  and  property  confiscated. 

McGlauohun,  Wilmam.  He  was  Quartermaster  of  the 
Queen's  Rangers,  and  settled  in  New  Brunswick,  and  re- 
ceived half-})ay.  He  died  in  the  county  of  York,  in  1827,  at 
the  age  of  seventy-five. 

McGuiRK,  Thomas.  A  member  of  the  Council  of  North 
Carolina.  On  the  7th  of  April,  1775,  the  Whig  Convention 
foi-  electing  delegates  to  the  Continental  Congress  was  in 
session  at  Newbern,  when  the  Council  advised  Governoi* 
Martin  to  issue  his  Proclamation  to  dissolve  the  unlawful 
Assembly.  There  were  present  on  this  occasion,  Hasell, 
Rutherford,  Howard,  De  Rossett,  McColloh,  Strudwicke, 
Cornell,  and  McGuire, —  eight  members.  In  1779,  the 
Whig  Governor  Caswell  oflTered  to  appoint  him  Attorney- 
General  ;  but  the  office  was  declined,  and  soon  after  McGuire 
went  to  England.  He  carried  a  mulatto  girl,  Nancy,  who, 
in  1788,  sickened  and  died,  to  his  great  affliction.  He  was 
a  lineal  descendant  of  the  Lord  McGuire  of  the  Irish  Rebel- 
lion of  1G41.  His  wife  was  the  daughter  of  Colonel  Wil- 
liam Dry. 

McGuixivuoY,  William  Henry.  Of  South  Cai'olina. 
After  the  fall  of  Charleston,  in  17£0,  he  held  a  commission 
under  the  Crown.  He  died,  I  suppose,  before  the  close  of 
the  war.     His  estate  was  confiscated. 

McHaysey,  James.     In  December,  1783,  a  warrant  was 
issued  on  petition  of  the  Selectmen  of  Stamford,  ordering  him 
6* 


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McHUGH.  —  McKAY. 


f- 


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and  his  family  to  depart  that  town  forthwith,  and  never  re- 
turn. 

McHuGH,  Matthew.  Of  Lebanon,  Pennsylvania.  Ar- 
rested in  1776,  and  sent  to  jail  in  Lancaster.  Under  exam- 
ination by  the  Committee,  he  declared  repeatedly  that,  "  with 
both  his  hands,  he  is  against  Independence."  Attainted  sub- 
sequently, gave  himself  up  and  was  discharged. 

McIntosh,  Roderick.  Of  Georgia.  Loyal  to  the  Stuarts 
in  Scotland,  his  native  land,  and  loyal  to  George  the  Third 
in  America.  His  character  was  elevated  and  pure,  his  cour- 
age romantic.  He  despised  the  "  Rebels,"  and  gave  free 
utterance  to  his  sentiments.  During  the  Revolution,  he  led 
or  participated  in  many  strange  adventui'es.  His  words  and 
his  deeds  show  that  he  was  a  sort  of  madman  in  many  things, 
especially  in  politics,  in  war,  and  in  love.  He  seems  to  have 
mingled  with  all  sorts  of  peo])le ;  to  have  always  spoken 
what  he  thought ;  and  to  have  possessed  a  wonderful  facility 
of  conforming  to  persons  and  to  circumstances.  Yet  he  could 
not  bear  the  Whigs ;  to  him  they  were  "  vermin,"  that  aimed 
to  drive  out  the  "  Old  Families,"  and  to  rule  America  with 
the  "New."  In  impaired  health;  but  appointed  to  a  civil 
office,  with  the  pay  of  Captain.  He  embarked  for  London,  in 
1783,  and  died  on  shipboard  at  Gravescnd.  His  story  is 
well  told  in  "  White's  Historical  Collection  of  Georgia."  At- 
tainted of  treason  and  property  confiscated. 

McKay,  Hugh.  Lieutenant  in  the  Queen's  Rangers.  A 
native  of  Scotland.  He  served  from  the  beginning  of  the 
Revolution  to  the  peace.  In  1783  he  settled  in  New  Bruns- 
wick, and  lived  thei'  ever  after.  He  was  a  member  of  the 
Assembly  for  more  than  thirty  years,  and  for  quite  a  period 
was  Father  of  that  body.  He  was  the  "  only  full  Colonel  " 
in  the  Province,  and  Senior  Justice  of  the  Court  of  Common 
Pleas  for  the  county  of  Charlotte.  He  died  at  St.  George,  in 
1848,  aged  ninety-seven.  "  Distinguished  for  his  urbanity 
and  gentlemanly  bearing." 

McKay,  Angus.  Died  at  St.  John,  Now  Brunswick,  in 
1799,  aged  forty-four  years. 


V    ^ 


I": 


<l 


.:  f 


McKAY.  —  McKINSTRY. 


67 


McKay,  John.  He  entered  the  Royal  military  service, 
and  was  a  Captain  in  the  Queen's  Rangers,  under  Simcoe. 
He  settled  in  York  County,  New  Brunswick,  after  the  war, 
and  held  public  stations  of  honor  and  trust.  He  died  in  that 
county  in  1822.  His  wife  was  a  sister  of  Chief  Justice 
Saunders,  of  New  Brunswick. 

McKkk,  Alexander.  A  "  Loyalist  of  revengeful  machina- 
tions." He  was  imprisoned  by  the  Whigs  at  Pittsburg,  but 
effected  his  escape.  In  1778  he  went  through  the  Indian 
territory  to  Detroit,  to  excite  the  warriors  to  espouse  the 
Royal  cause.  After  the  peace,  he  was  Deputy  Agent  of 
Indian  Affairs  in  Canada,  in  which  capacity  he  found  ample 
opportunity  to  indulge  his  hatred  towards  the  country  which 
he  had  deserted  in  the  hour  of  peril ;  and  the  Indian  war  of 
Washington's  administration  is  attributed,  principally,  to  his 
influence  with  the  savage  tribes.  In  1794,  during  General 
Wayne's  campaign,  his  barns,  stores,  and  other  property, 
were  burned. 

McKeel,  Joseph.  Went  to  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  at 
the  ])eace,  and  was  a  grantee  of  that  city.  His  son  John  was 
killed  in  King's  County,  in  that  Province,  in  184(3,  in  an 
affray  with  a  neighbor. 

McKenney,  John  and  Duncan.  Went  to  Shelburne, 
Nova  Scotia,  at  the  peace,  and  received  grants  of  land.  The 
first,  who  was  of  Pennsylvania,  had  lost  .£1000,  and  was  ac- 
companied by  his  family  of  seven,  and  four  servants.  Duncan 
was  seventy-five  years  old,  and  unmarried. 

M(  Kenzie,  John.  Of  New  York.  During  the  war  he 
commanded  a  vessel  under  the  Royal  flag,  and  was  engaged 
in  transporting  supplies  for  the  King's  troops.  He  removed 
to  Shelburne,  Nova  8<"otia,  at  the  peace,  and  died  at  Liver- 
pool, in  that  Province,  in  1825.     Five  children  sui'vived  him. 

McKiNSTRY,  William.  Of  Taunton,  Massachusetts. 
Physician.  Born  in  1732.  His  constitution  feeble  and  con- 
sumptive ;  his  personal  and  professional  character  highly 
respectable.  His  first  offence  to  the  popular  party  was  in 
1774,  when  he  dressed  the  wounds  of  a  Captain  Gilbert,  who 


ii 


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if; 


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68 


McKINSlRY. 


had  been  roughly  treated  by  the  Whigs ;  and  who,  protesting 
against  a  "  Rebel  "  doctor,  expressed  a  willingn3ss  to  etn[»loy 
him.  The  result  was,  offensive;  remark,  insult,  and  injury, 
which  McKinstry's  sensitive  n;  ture  could  not  bear;  and  leav- 
ing his  wife  and  children  at  T';uni.on,  he  retreated  to  Boston. 
Soon  after,  Mrs.  McKinstry,  (a  niece  of  Hon.  George 
Leonard,  of  Norton,  and  a  cousin  of  Daniel  Leonard,  who 
became  Chief  Justice  of  Bermuda,  and  Loyalists  noticed  in 
this  work,)  who  was  "  a  finely  educated  and  high-spirited 
woman,  of  elegant  manners,  was  compelled,  by  a  large  collec- 
tion of  females,  to  march  round  the  Liberty  Poh'.'"  This 
last  wrong  decided  the  fate  of  the  family,  and  they  Hed  to 
Boston,  also.  The  Doctor  established  himself  in  Hanover 
Street,  near  the  site  of  the  present  Shawmut  House ;  and 
such  was  his  reputation  as  a  physician,  that  he  was  ap- 
pointed by  General  Gage  Surgeon-General  of  the  Hospitals. 

On  the  IGth  of  June,  1775,  he  gave  invitations  for  a  dinner 
party  on  the  following  day.  Among  his  guests  were  Major 
John  Small,  and  several  other  British  officers,  who,  stand- 
ing, and  in  silence,  partook  of  a  hasty  meal,  joined  their 
corps,  :ind  crossed  to  Charlestown  under  orders  to  dislodge 
Prescott  on  Bunker's  Hill.  His  children  witnessed  the  can- 
nonade from  the  top  of  the  house.  At  the  evacuation  of 
Boston,  he  ^rnbarked  on  board  the  hospital  ship  Duffon,  but 
died  March  21,  1776,  in  the  harbor,  and  was  buried  on 
George's  Island.  John  Adams  knew  him,  and  said  he  was 
"  alert  and  cheerful,  and  obliging  and  agreeable."  The 
survivors  of  the  family  went  to  Halifax  with  the  fleet,  (and 
one  son,  William,  excepted,)  remained  there  until  1778,  when 
they  returned  to  NewjK)rt ;  and  on  the  dejiarture  of  the 
Boyal  Army  fi'om  Rhode  Island,  they  foutid  a  home  in 
Haverhill,  Massachusetts,  where  Mrs.  McKinstry  died,  "  hon- 
ored and  loved,"  in  1786. 

He  was  the  father  of  ten  children,  of  whom  eight  survived 
him,  namely  :  William,  the  subject  of  the  next  notice  ;  Pris- 
cilla,  who  became  the  wife  of  John  Hazen,  of  the  Province 
of  New  Brunswick ;  Sarah,  who  married  Major  Caleb  Stark, 


i 


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two  ij 


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McKINSTR  Y.  —  McKOUN. 


69 


son  of  tlio  liero  of  Bennington  ;  John,  a  merchant  in  Boston  ; 
Mary,  who  was  the  wife  of  Benjamin  Willis,  well  known  in 
Massachusetts  and  Maine,  subsequently,  for  his  wealth  and 
social  position  ;  Thomas,  the  twin  of  Mary ;  Elizabeth,  who 
married  Samuel  Sparhawk,  Secretary  of  State  of  New 
Hampshire ;  and  David,  a  merchant  in  New  York.  "■  The 
four  sons  died  unmarried,  and  consequently  the  rumii;  in  this 
branch  is  extinct."  The  Hon.  William  Willis,  President  of 
the  ^  /laiiie  Historical  Society,  and  distinguished  as  well  for  his 
private  virtues  as  for  his  unwearied  labors  in  his  chosen  de- 
partment of  literature,  is  a  grandson  ;  and  the  wife  of  the 
Hon.  James  H.  Duncan,  of  Haverhill,  late  Member  of  Con- 
gress from  Massachusetts,  is  a  granddaughter. 

McKiNSTRY,  William.  Of  Massachusetts.  An  Episcopal 
minister.  Son  of  Doctor  William  McKinstry.  He  entered 
the  naval  service  of  Eriffland  at  the  beffinning  of  the  Revolu- 
tion.  In  an  engagement  with  a  Whig  privateer,  in  1770,  he 
lost  his  right  hand,  and  was  shot  overboard.  This  incident 
caused  him  to  (juit  the  Navy.  He  graduated  at  Oxford,  and 
became  a  clergyman.  After  taking  orders,  he  became  Rector 
of  East  Grinstead  and  Lingfield,  near  London.  In  the 
course  of  his  life  ht  was  tutor  to  the  children  of  several 
noblemen,  whom  he  accompanied  in  their  travels  on  the  Con- 
tinent. He  was  at  Munich  when  Moreau  arrived  to  take 
command  of  the  French  Aru'.y ;  and,  a  few  days  alter,  with 
Campbell,  was  near  the  scene  of  Hohenlinden.  A  cannon- 
ball  struck  the  earth  but  a  little  distance  from  the  sput  where 
they  stood,  to  the  discomposure  of  the  poet,  who  subsequetitly 
commemorated  the  battle  in  immortal  verse.  Mr.  McKinstry 
"  was  a  good  scholar  and  a  polished  gentlerian."  He  died  in 
the  United  States,  while  on  a  visit,  in  1823. 

Mc'KouN,  John.     In  1776  he  embarked  at  lioston  with 
the  British  Army,  for  Halifax.     His  family  of  four  persons 
.ccom[)anied  him.     He  'vas  in  Nova  Scotia  in  1782,  "  with 
two  negro  men  and  a  free  woman,  of  the  same  complexion." 

McKouN,  John.  Oi  Maine.  Fled  to  New  York,  thence 
to  Nova  Scotia       At  Annajmlis,  1783,  it  was  said  of  him, 


\'k 


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70 


McLAWEN.—  McLEOD. 


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II.  ! 


"  He  is  a  sociable,  lionest  young  gentleman,  newly  mar- 
ried." 

McLawkn,  John.  Of  SoutU  Carolina.  A  lieutenant  in 
the  company  of  Captain  Grant.  Early  in  the  war  he  accom- 
panied his  regiment  to  New  Providence,  Bahamas,  wliere  he 
and  his  wife  Mary  soon  died.  Charles,  his  only  child,  a  lad 
of  seven  years,  was  taken  into  tlu'  family  vi'  (.'aptain  (^rant, 
and  treated  as  one  of  his  own  childrtVii  for  al.oi  .  three  years, 
when  that  officer  embarked  for  England,  and  Charles  was 
sent  to  Kew  York,  with  the  effects  of  Ms  parents,  uiider  the 
taro  oi  tl»e  Captain's  man  and  maid  servants,  who  niariiedj 
and  bound  iiim  ir>  a  tailor  named  /ilexander  Campb;)!.  In 
1783  lie  went  to  .'iivlburue,  Nova  Scoiia,  with  the  Loyahsts, 
and  was  on  board  thi^  beiovid  sjilp  that  ari'ived  there.  Tie 
died  at  Harrington.  X<  v  i  Scotiu,  in  1859,  aged  eighty-nine. 
His  wife  was  -lenr^lui.  Hamilttm.  His  son,  John  Hamilton 
McLawen,  of  Eabtport,  Maine,  married,  first,  Clara  C'ny, 
who  bore  him  one  son,  John  Cony ;  and,  second,  he  marrit-d 
Matilda  Gi-en  Sabine,  my  oldest  daughter,  by  whom  he  is 
the  father  of  Roswell  Sabine,  Irvine  Green,  Willie  Hamil- 
ton, Alice  Maud,  and  Helen  Scott. 

McTvKAN,  AiicHiBALi).  He  was  a  captain  in  the  New  York 
V'rhinteers,  and  was  in  several  battles.  In  the  severe  con- 
flict at  Entaw  Springs,  he  was  distinguished  for  his  bravery 
and  good  conduct.  In  1783  he  went  to  St.  John,  New 
Brunswick,  and  was  a  i>;rantee  of  that  citv.  Durinof  the  war 
of  1812  he  was  again  in  commission,  ana  was  Staff-Adjutant. 
His  |)lace  of  residence  was  in  York  County,  and  he  was  a 
member  of  the  House  of  Assembly,  and  a  magistrate  of  that 
count}^  for  many  years.  He  died  at  Nashwaak,  New  Bruns- 
wick, in  1830,  aged  seventy-six. 

McLkod,  William.  Of  Elizabethtown,  New  Jersey. 
Was  appointed  an  ensign  in  the  Fifty-second  Regiment,  in 
1775.  On  the  6th  of  July,  the  Whig  Committee  of  that 
town,  hearing  that  he  had  gone  to  New  York,  for  the  pur- 
pose of  embarking  there  for  Boston,  and  of  joining  his  regi- 
ment, detained  his  baggage,  and  notified  their  friends  at  New 


ily  of 
New  B 
was  hii 
Hon. 
Counci 
of  Rev, 


Ik  ,v 


'\ 


McMASTER. 


71 


York.  The  Provincial  Congress  of  New  York  was  in  session, 
and  voted  to  arrest  him  and  send  him  back  to  Elizabethtown  ; 
but  to  treat  him  with  all  possible  lenity  as  a  gentleman  and 
soldier. 

McMaster,  James.  Merchant,  of  Boston.  Having  vio- 
lated the  non-importation  agreement,  he  found  popular  opin- 
ion so  strong  against  him  that  he  removed  to  Portsmouth, 
New  Hampshire.  At  that  place  his  delinquency  was  soon 
;;nown,  and  a  public  meeting  was  held,  at  which  it  was  re- 
solved, that  it  was  highly  unreasonable  to  suffer  persons  who 
had  counteracted  the  plans  of  the  Whigs  of  the  neighboring 
Colonies,  to  come  there  and  sell  their  goods,  and  that  those 
who  encouraged,  aided,  or  assisted  such  persons,  should  be  re- 
garded as  enemies  to  the  town.  McMaster,  in  1775,  signed 
and  published  a  Submission,  but  was  compelled  to  leave.  By 
the  Act  of  New  Hampshire  of  1778,  he  was  proscribed  and 
banished,  and  his  property  confiscated.  In  Boston,  his  of- 
fences seem  to  have  been  twofold  ;  first,  the  selling  of  tea, 
and  the  enrolling  himself  among  the  Addressers  of  Hutchin- 
son. In  1782,  a  Loyalist  Associator  at  New  York,  to  embark 
for  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  the  following  year,  with  his  fam- 
ily of  four  persons.  He  settled  eventually  at  St.  Patrick, 
New  Brunswick,  where  he  resumed  mercantile  pursuits,  and 
was  highly  respected.  One  of  his  daughters  married  the  late 
Hon.  James  Allanshaw,  member  of  her  Majesty's  Legislative 
Council  of  New  Brunswick,  and  another  daughter  is  the  wife 
of  Rev.  Samuel  Thompson,  Rector  of  the  Episcopal  Church, 
St.  George.  McMaster  died  in  Charlotte  County,  New  Bruns- 
wick, in  1804. 

McMaster,  Patrick.  Merchant,  of  Boston,  and  a  part- 
ner of  James.  He  was  an  Addresser  of  Hutchinson  in  1774. 
Quitting  the  country  with  the  British  Army,  at  the  evacuation 
of  Boston  in  1770,  he  became  a  merchant  at  Halifax,  Nova 
Scotia. 

McMaster,  Daniel^  Merchant,  of  Boston.  Implicated, 
in  some  measure,  in  the  transactions  which  involved  James 
and  Patrick,  he  was  compelled  to  leave  that  town.     He  went 


i^5  ; 


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72 


McMATII  —  McNAB. 


: 


;■!!■ 


I^itl 


! 


1  j 


to  Halifax  in  1776.  Resuming  the  business  to  which  he  was 
educated,  at  St.  Andrew,  New  Brunswick,  after  the  war,  he 
became  eminent.  He  married  Hannali  Ann,  the  only  daugh- 
ter of  the  Rev.  Samuel  Andrews,  a  Loyalist  clergyman.  She 
died  at  St.  Andrew,  September  28,  1827,  and  his  own  death 
occurred  at  the  same  place,  June  1(5,  1830,  at  the  age  of  sev- 
enty-six years.  He  was  a  gentleman  of  courteous  and  affable 
manners. 

McMath,  William.  He  was  a  Whig  soldier  of  Colonel 
Lamb's  Artillery,  and  in  1778  was  tried  for  desertion  to  the 
Royal  forces.  The  Court  found  him  guilty,  and  sentenced 
him  to  be  immediately  executed.  Washington,  subsequently, 
postponed  his  doom,  and  finally  pardoned  him. 

M(  MicHAKL,  Edwaud.  Of  Peinisylvania.  Lieutenant  in 
the  Whig  Army,  while  stationed  at  Fort  Schuyler,  and  in 
August,  1776,  he  deserted  to  the  enemy.  Attainted  of  trea- 
son, and  property  confiscated. 

McMillan.  Alexander,  and  another  whose  Christian 
name  has  not  been  ascertained,  were  lieutenants  in  De  Lan- 
cey's  corps.  John  McMillan  died  in  the  Province  of  New 
Brunswick,  in  1847,  aged  eighty-five. 

McMoNGLE,  Hugh.  After  settling  in  New  Brunswick  he 
was  a  member  of  the  Assembly  from  the  county  of  West- 
moreland. In  1803,  while  travelling  on  the  ice,  he  broke 
throuo'h  and  was  drowned. 

McNah,  Allan.  A  lieutenant  of  cavalry  in  the  Queen's 
Rangers,  under  Colonel  Simcoe.  During  the  war  he  received 
thirteen  wounds.  He  accompanied  his  commander  to  Upper 
Canada,  then  a  dense,  unpeopled  wilderness,  where  he  settled. 
He  was  appointed  Sergeant-at-arms  of  the  House  of  Assem- 
bly of  that  Province,  and  held  the  office  many  years.  His 
son,  the  late  Sir  Allan  McNab,  was  a  gentleman  who  filled 
many  important  public  offices  in  Upper  Canada.  In  the  war 
of  1812  he  was  a  lad.  But  at  the  age  of  fourteen  he  vol- 
unteered to  join  a  grenadier  company  of  the  Eighth  British 
Regiment,  in  an  attack  in  which  most  of  the  company  were 
killed  ;  and  was  subsequently  engaged  in  several  other  actions. 


■r 


McNAB. 


73 


Wlien  elected  a  member  of  the  Assembly  in  1828,  tlie  for- 
tunes of  the  ruling  party,  known  in  Colonial  politics  as  the 
"  Family  Comjjact,"  were  rapidly  declining ;  but  he  warmly 
espoused  their  cause.  In  the  Rebellion  of  1887,  he  was  very 
active  on  the  side  of  the  Government ;  and  for  his  services 
received  the  thanks  of  several  Colonial  Legislatures.  While 
in  command  on  the  Niagara  frontier,  he  ordered  the  steamer 
Caroline  to  be  cut  loose  at  Schlosser,  on  the  American  side,  to 
be  set  on  fire,  and  towed  into  the  current  of  the  Falls.  At 
the  formation  of  the  Tlaidwin-Lafontaine  Government,  he  was 
selected  Sjieaker  of  the  Lower  House.  In  1854  he  became 
Premier,  and  during  his  administration  the  Clergy  Reserves 
(juestion  was  settled,  ile  was  knighted  in  1848,  and  created 
a  Baronet,  on  his  retirement  from  the  office  of  Premier,  in 
18r)(). 

Soon  after,  he  went  to  England  ;  and  the  United  Service 
Club  in  London,  contrary  to  their  standing  rules,  elected  him 
an  Honorary  Member.  In  October,  1857,  he  retired  from 
public  life,  but  entered  it  again  in  1800  ;  when,  Colonel  Prince 
having  been  appointed  Judge  of  the  District  of  Algoma,  he 
was  el<;cted  for  the  Western  Division  to  the  Lcifislative 
Coiujcil. 

Sir  Allan  died  at  his  seat,  Hamilton,  Canada  West,  August 
18»3*2,  in  his  sixty-fourth  year.  His  first  wife  was  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  Lieutenant  Daniel  Brooke  ;  his  second,  Mary, 
daughter  of  Mr.  Sheriff  Stuart.  Sir  Allan's  three  dauiihters 
married  fjentlemen  of  rank.  Elizabeth  was  the  wife  of  a  son 
of  Rear- Admiral  Sir  Salisbury  Davenport,  who,  when  Captain 
Humphries,  and  in  command  of  the  Leopard,  involved  his  gov- 
ernment by  firing  into  the  frigate  Chesapeake,  and  taking  out 
seamen  charged  with  desertion.  Sophia  married  Lord  Bury, 
only  son  of  the  Earl  of  Albemarle.  And  in  1861  the  news- 
papers contained  the  following  :  —  "  The  second  daughter  of 
Sir  Allan  McNab,  and  Dillon,  son  of  Sir  Dominick  Daly, 
were  united  in  the  bonds  of  holy  matrimony  at  Hamilton, 
Canada  West,  a  few  days  since.  Fourteen  Bishops,  we  are 
told,  assisted  to  tie  the  magic  knot.     The  bride  wore  a  dress 

VOL.     II.  7 


i        '^      •  '.f- 

I      !i:   ;;■' 


I '  i 


'■4 ' 


;'  'ii 


MoNAMARA.  -  McniAlL. 


It' 


!   I 


I   I 


of  rich  wliito  satin  ;  on  her  head  a  wrcatli  of  hrida!  Howors, 
above  which  was  a  square  of  real  Limerick  hice.  Three 
bridt'smaids,  (h'essed  in  white,  ;;race(l  this  brilliant  com- 
pany." 

Mc'Namara,  John,  ()(  Maine.  He  was  brouglit  up  in 
the  family  of  the  llev.  Jacob  Bailey,  and  became  a  man  of 
respectability.  In  1777  the  Whites  imj)risoned  and  fined 
him ;  but  finally  released  him  on  bail.  He  was  in  Nova 
Scotia  in  1 7)^2,  and,  three  years  later,  he  taught  school  at  An- 
napolis. In  1787  he  was  in  England.  Ho  died  in  Nova 
Scotia  in  1708. 

McNkai,,  Akchuiam).  Of  Boston.  An  Addresser  of 
Hutchinson  in  1774,  and  of  Gage  the  year  after  ;  wont  to 
Halifax  in  177(»,  and  was  proscribed  and  banished  in  1778. 
He  returned  to  Boston  in  1784,  and  was  conunitted  to  jail  ; 
but  finally  allowed  to  leave  the  State  and  Join  his  flimily  at 
Quebec.  In  August  of  the  year  last  mentioned,  when  asleep 
in  the  woods,  while  on  a  journey  from  Canada  to  Nova  Scotia, 
he  was  murdered  by  Indians.  His  son  Archibald  died  at 
Boston  in  1797. 

McNeil, .     Of  North   Carol. na.      Colonel    in   the 

Loyal  Militia.  In  1781,  he  surprised  Hillsborougli,  with  a 
force  commanded  by  himself  and  David  Fainiing  ;  surrounded 
a  church  where  a  body  of  C'ontinental  trouj)S  were  stationed  ; 
and,  with  very  little  loss,  took  about  two  Inuidred  prisoners, 
among  whom  were  Mr.  Burke,  the  Governor  of  the  State,  the 
members  of  the  ('ouncil,  and  other  i)ersons  of  rank.  This 
accomplished,  McNeil  released  sixty  men  who  were  in  jail  on 
account  of  their  loyalty.  The  I^oyalists,  on  tlicir  way  to  Wil- 
mington, were  attacked  by  a  body  of  Whigs  in  ambush,  and 
lost  many  of  their  number.     McNeil  was  among  the  slain. 

McNiEL,  Chaui,K3.  Residence  unknown.  Was  Captain- 
Lieutenant  of  the  Prince  of  Wales'  American  Volunteers. 
Akchiuald  was  a  member  of  the  Loyal  Artillery  in  1795, 
and  died  on  the  river  Ht.  John  about  the  year  1808. 

McPiiAiE,  John.  Of  New  York.  At  the  pea<"e,  he  went 
from  New  York  to  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  where  Jie  Crown 


MclMIKllSON. 


75 


granted  him  one  town  and  one  natiT  lot.  Ifc  hecamo  a 
uiurcliant,  and  was  ono  of  the  fow  who  remained  at  Shel- 
burne  dnrin-^  life.  A  daughter  is  now  (18<I1)  living  at 
Halifax. 

M(  ruKUsoN,  C  HARLErf.  Of  Kini,''8  IJridire,  Now  York, 
lie  removed  to  St.  .John,  New  linniswiek,  at  the  jieacc,  and 
was  a  grantee  of  that  city.  When  the  Loyalists  landed  there, 
May  18,  1788,  the  site  of  the  city  was  a  dense  forest  —  a 
shelter  for  wild  beasts  —  and  without  a  single  liumaii  habita- 
tion. Temporary  tents  and  lints  were  the  only  homes  of  these 
uidiappy  victim^  of  civil  war,  and  into  these  the  b.  ar  sometimes 
intriuled.  The  "•  Ainiiversary  Day  "  is  still  celebrated,  nuu'h 
as  we  ol)serve  the  Fourth  of  .July.  The  I^oyalists,  on  the  day 
of  the  landing,  dined  on  salmon,  at  the  price  of  fifteen  cents 
each,  and  but  for  the  abundance  of  that  fish,  and  of  moose  and 
game,  they  could  not  have  sul)sisted.  Before  the  close  of  the 
first  year,  Lot  No.  40'),  in  King  Street,  and  next  to  the  traitor 
Arnold's,  was  sold  by  the  grantee  for  two  gallons  of  rum  ;  in 
18;57,  with  the  building  which  was  erected  upon  it  in  1784,  it 
sold  for  ten  thousand  dollars. 

The  Prince  of  Wales,  when  at  St.  John,  (August,  18G0,) 
said,  in  reply  to  the  Mayor's  Address  :  —  "  When  my  grand- 
father, the  Duke  of  Kent,  paid  to  this  jdace  the  visit  to  which 
you  make  a  gratifying  reference,  he  found  it  but  little  more 
than  a  village.  It  is  my  good  fortune  to  receive  on  the  same 
spot  a  welcome  from  a  city  which  affords  a  striking  example 
of  what  may  be  effected,  under  the  influence  of  tree  institu- 
tions, by  the  spirit  and  energy  of  the  British  race.  These 
demonstrations  of  love  and  loyalty  to  the  Queen,  which  nt 
this  moment  are  reflected  upon  me,  I  am  deeply  grateful 
for.  Your  connnercial  enterprise  has  made  this  port  the  em- 
porium of  trade  of  New  Brunswick  ;  and  as  the  noble  river 
which  flows  into  it  brings  down  for  export  the  products  of 
your  soil,  so  1  trust  the  vessels  which  crowd  its  piers  will 
reward  your  successful  industry  witli  the  wealth  of  other 
lands.  I  am  not  uinnindful  of  the  origin  of  this  city  ;  it  will 
be  a  subject  of  pride  and  pleasure   to  me  to  report    to   the 


'       ^ 


' !!'! 


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7<; 


M(TIKIl.  — MKKIIN. 


Qiii'on  that  tlic  dcsi'iMulantH  of  its  foiiiuU'rH  liii\i'  not  <lo))iirtc'(l 
fi'oin  tlit'ii*  Hrst  attiu'liineiit  to  the  Crown  of  Knf^laiiil,  which 
bn)U<!;ht  them  to  thi'so  shores." 

Mr.  iMclMiersoii,  iihoiit  the  year  17H1>,  erected  tlje  hiiihhn^ 
at  the  foot  of  Kinj^  Street  known  as  the  "  Ohl  Cottie-IIonse," 
which  was  clenioHshed  in  IHaS.  He  was  its  Hrst  oeenpant, 
bnt  sold  It  tinally  to  Cody  —  ("the  prince  of  caterers,  and 
the  most  oblii^ini^  ot  hnuUords")  —  and  removed  to  the  honse 
built  I)y  Arnold  for  his  own  residence.  The  ('oti'ee-Ifouse 
was  a  famous  place  of  meeting  for  a  long  time.  Within  it  the 
Loyalists  gathered  year  after  year,  to  discuss  their  affairs,  both 
public  and  private ;  to  tell  of  their  losses,  sufferings,  and  ex- 
pulsion from  their  native  land  ;  to  hold  high  revelry  ;  to  read 
the  news  ;  to  transact  business ;  and  to  devise  means  to  di*- 
velop  the  resources  of  the  Colony.  Mr.  McPherson  died  at 
St.  John,  in  1823,  aged  seventy. 

McTiKH,  John.  Of  New  York.  Merchant.  At  the 
peace,  accompanied  by  his  family  of  eleven  persons,  and  by 
five  servants,  he  went  from  New  York  to  Shelburne,  Nova 
Scotia.  His  losses  in  consequence  of  his  loyalty  were  esti- 
mated at  jEIOOO.  He  resumed  business  at  his  new  home,  but 
I'emoved  finally  to  a  Southern  State. 

Mecklk.tohn,  Georgk.  An  Episcopal  minister,  of  North 
Carolina.  Though  "  a  high  Churchman  in  his  religion,  and 
a  high  Tory  in  politics,"  tha  Provincial  Congress  in  August, 
1775,  were  compelled  to  employ  him  as  their  chaplain.  The 
service  was  one  of  necessity  on  both  sides  ;  and  quite  as  un- 
willingly as  he  was  engaged  on  the  part  of  the  Whigs,  he  per- 
formed tlie  duty.  The  next  year  he  was  ordered  to  the 
county  of  Perquinans,  but  failed  to  comply  ;  thereupon,  the 
Council  of  Safety  resolved  that  he  depart  immediately,  at  his 
own  expense,  and  that  a  military  officer  exact  obedience. 
'  Mek,  John.  Of  New  .lersey.  Tried  and  hanged  in  the 
winter  of  1777-8,  for  joining  and  inducing  others  to  join  the 
British  Army. 

Meetin,  Petku.  a  magistrate,  of  New  York.  He  lived 
at  or  near  Warrensburgh.    In  177  ">  he  declared  in  a  company 


siege. 


Aftt 
he  resi 
quenti; 
compe 
they  bl 
quired] 
not  di 
duty. 
Secretl 
Parlia 


MKSEUVE. 


77 


of  men  who  lm«l  iiK-t  to  talk  about  tlie  troiiblcsoiiK-  times, 
tliiit  lie  "  liati  till'  Kliijf's  I'roclainiitioii  thnii  (fovcnidC  Ga;fi', 
to  otter  panliiii  to  any  person  who  wtmhl  recant  from  the 
Wliij;  Association,"  and  that  he  "  expected  soon  to  have  the 
haiidhiiii  of  the  estates  of  all  such  as  refused,"  &c. 

AIkskuvk,  GKoiKiK.  Distributer  of  Stamps  for  New 
Hampshire,  and  Collector  of  the  Customs  at  Portsmouth  ; 
was  proscribed  by  the  Act  «)f  New  llam[)shire  of  177S,  and 
his  estate  confiscated.  He  was  u  native  of  Portsmouth,  and 
his  father,  who  was  a  ship-carpenter  by  trade,  was  Lieutenant- 
(■olonel  of  tlie  New  Hampshire  troops  at  th<!  siege  of  Louis- 
burg  in  1745,  and  was  engaged  in  the  expedition  against  that 
city  in  17 ')H.  History  assigns  to  Colonel  Meserve  the  dcvico 
of  constriu'ting  the  rude  sledges  on  which  the  cannon  were 
drawn  over  the  morasses  near  Louisburg  durinjj;  the  Hrst 
siege.  (Jeorge,  the  son,  while  in  England,  received  the  ap- 
pointment of  Stamp  Distributer  ;  and  embarking  for  home, 
arrived  at  Hoston  in  September  of  17t).").  Jielbre  hniding,  he 
was  informeil  of  the  opposition  to  the  Act,  and  was  advised  to 
resign  his  oHice,  which  he  did.  Before  his  resignation  was 
known  at  i'ortsmouth,  "•  the  jjcople  ""  i»laced  an  ctHgy  in 
front  of  the  jail,  representing  Lord  Bute,  Meserve,  and  the 
Devil.  "  A  board  was  extended  fx'om  the  mouth  of  the 
Devil  to  Meserve's  ear,  on  wliicli  Avas  written  :  — 

"  (ieorj^e,  my  son,  you  are  ricli  in  station, 
But  I  would  have  you  serve  this  nation." 

After  his  arrival  at  town,  and  before  going  to  his  family, 
he  resigned  a  second  time,  on  the  parade-ground.  Subse- 
quently, on  receiving  iiis  commission,  the  Sons  of  Liberty 
compelled  him  publicly  to  surrender  that  instrument,  which 
they  bore  about  the  town  on  the  point  of  a  sword  ;  and  re- 
(juircd  of  him  on  oath,  before  Justice  Claggett,  that  he  would 
not  directly  or  indirectly  attempt  the  performance  of  official 
duty.  After  the  repeal  of  the  Act,  and  on  tlie  arrival  of 
Secretary  Conway's  circular  in  1706,  enclosing  a  resolution  of 
Parliament  to  the  effect  that  the  Colonies  should  make  re- 

7* 


i-,'     I  ' 


I 


11 -1^ 


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!        "v. 


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!). 


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lt» 


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' 


78 


MEIN.  —  MENZIES. 


compence  to  such  persons  as  had  suffered  injury  or  damage 
in  consequence  of  their  a^^sisting  io  execute  the  Act,  Meserve 
apj)lied  to  the  Assembly  of  New  Hampshire  for  compensa- 
tion, which  application  was  referred  to  a  committee,  who 
made  a  report  adverse  to  his  claim,  and  it  was  dismissed.  He 
afterwards  went  to  England,  and  obtained  the  office  of  Comp- 
troller of  the  Customs  at  Boston  ;  but,  by  permission  '  the 
British  Government,  lie  exchanged  places  with  Robert  Hallo- 
well,  Collector  of  the  Customs  at  Portsmouth.  This  collec- 
torship  was  worth  about  .£600  sterling  per  annum  ;  and 
Meserve  held  it  for  some  years,  until  the  beginning  of  the 
Revolution.  He  retired  from  New  Hampshire  in  1776,  and 
ticoompanied  the  British  Army  to  Halifax.  One  of  his 
daughters  was  wife  of  James  Slieafe,  Ser.ator  in  Congress, 
who  purchased  the  family  mansion. 

Mkin,  John.  Printer  and  bookseller,  of  Boston.  Partner 
of  Fleming  in  the  publication  of  the  "  Boston  Chronicle." 
He  was  well  educated,  and  possessed  literacy  talents  to  a  very 
respectable  degree.  He  took  a  decided  part  in  favo  of  the 
oppressive  acts  of  the  British  Ministry  ;  and  the  "Chronicle" 
became  a  vehicle  for  the  most  bitter  attacks  upon  some  of  the 
prominent  Whigs  of  Massachusetts.  Mein,  who  was  the 
editor,  became  so  obnoxious,  that  he  finally  secreted  himself 
until  an  opportunity  occurred  for  going  to  England.  He  em- 
barked in  November  of  1769  ;  his  bookstore  was  then  closed, 
and  the  "  Chronicle  "  was  discontinued  soon  after,  in  1770. 
In  London  he  engaged  himself,  under  pay  of  the  British 
Government,  as  a  writer  against  the  Colonies,  but  after  the 
beginning  of  hostilities  sought  other  employment.  He  nevci 
returned  to  the  United  States. 

Menzii^.s,  Thomas.  Of  New  York.  Was  a  Major  in  the 
American  Legion,  the  corps  connnanded  by  Arnold  after  his 
treason.  Li  1783  Major  Menzies  settled  in  New  Brunswick, 
and  held  various  civil  and  military  offices.  He  died  near  St. 
John,  in  1831,  at  the  advanced  age  of  ninety-eight.  He  re- 
ceived half-pay  nearly  half  a  century. 

Menzies,  Alexander.    Of  New  York.    Was  Major  of  De 


MERCER.  —  MILBY. 


79 


Lancey's  Third   Battalion,   and   died  at   Hempstead,   New 
York,  in  1781. 

Meucer,  Joseph.  A  captain  in  a  corps  of  Loyalists.  He 
settled  in  New  Brunswick,  and  died  there.  Sarah,  his  widow, 
died  in  Norton,  King's  County,  in  1837,  aged  ninety. 

Merritt,  Thomas.  Of  New  York.  Settled  in  New 
Brunswick,  and  died  at  St.  John,  in  1821,  aged  ninety-five. 

Merritt,  Thomas.  Of  New  York.  In  1782  he  was 
cornet  of  cavalry  in  the  Queen's  Rangers.  He  settled  in 
Upper  Canada,  and  held  the  offices  of  Sheritt'  of  the  District 
of  Niagara,  and  Surveyor  of  the  King's  Forests.  He  received 
half-pay  as  a  retired  military  officer.  He  died  at  St.  Catha- 
rine's, May,  1842,  aged  eighty-two.  His  brother  Nehemiah, 
who  was  a  gentleman  of  great  wealth,  died  at  St.  John,  New 
Brunswick,  the  same  year,  at  the  age  of  seventy-two. 

MiCHENEK,  Matthew.  Born  at  Newport,  Rhode  Island. 
Removed  to  Falmouth,  (now  Portland,)  Maine.  Went  to 
Nova  Scotia  before  the  peace,  and  settled  at  Michener's  Point, 
where  he  died.  James,  his  son,  lived  at  Eastport,  jNIaine, 
many  years,  and  died  there,  in  184(),  at  the  age  of  sixty  ;  his 
son  Abel  (still  living,  18t)0,)  was  master  of  a  steamer  on  the 
river  St.  Croix  for  a  considerable  period. 

MiUDLETox,  Peter.  Of  New  York.  Physician.  He 
was  born  in  Scotland,  and  graduated  at  the  University  of 
Edinburgh.  In  1752  he  emigrated  to  New  York,  and  soon 
became  distinguished  in  his  profession.  In  1767  he  was  ap- 
pointed a  Professor  in  King's  (now  Columbia)  College.  In 
1770  he  was  an  Addresser  of  Lord  and  Sir  William  HoAve. 
The  Provincial  Congress  permitted  him  to  visit  Governor  Try- 
on,  on  board  the  ship  Duchcm  of  Gordon,  in  February  of  the 
last  mentioned  year,  "  until  the  further  order  "  of  that  body. 
He  was  the  author  of  "  sevei'al  important  papers  on  medical 
subjects."     He  died  in  the  city  of  New  York  in  1781. 

MiDDLETON,  A.  Of  Virginia.  Went  to  England.  In 
1779  he  was  in  London. 

MiLHY,  William  and  Zadoc.  Of  Delaware.  Went  to 
Shelburne,  Nova   Scotia,   in  1783,  and   received  grants  of 


'1    i 


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80 


MILES.  — MILLER. 


land.  The  former,  whose  losses  by  his  loyalty  were  esti- 
mated at  X3000,  had  a  family  of  three,  and  two  servants. 

Milks,  Elijah.  In  1782  he  was  a  captain  in  De  Lan- 
cey's  Third  Battalion.  In  1783  he  settled  in  New  Bruns- 
wick. He  was  a  Judge  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  a 
Colonel  in  the  militia,  and  a  member  of  the  House  of  As- 
sembly. He  died  at  Maugerville,  in  the  county  of  Sunbury, 
in  1831,  at  the  age  of  seventy-nine.  Elizabeth,  his  widow, 
died  at  the  same  place,  in  1848,  at  the  age  of  seventy-seven. 

Miles,  Samukl.  He  settled  in  Now  Brunswick,  and  in 
1805  was  an  Alderman  of  St.  John.  He  died  in  1824,  aged 
eighty-two. 

Millar,  Thomas.  A  captain  of  Light  Dragoons  in  the 
British  J^egion.  Went  to  England  at  the  peace.  Died  at 
Leith,  Scotland,  in  1792. 

Mu.LEK,  E.  An  Episcopal  clergyman  at  Braintree,  Massa- 
chusetts. He  was,  a  missionary  from  the  Society  for  Propa- 
gating tliC  Gospel,  and  his  name  is  connected  with  the  earliest 
disputes  of  the  Revolution.  He  died  in  17(>2  or  17<i;'),  at 
which  time  the  project  of  sending  a  Bishop  to  America  had 
been  agitated  for  some  years  ;  and  the  minds  of  the  people 
were  well  prepared  for  an  attack  upon  the  Episcopal  Church. 
His  decease  was  unkindly  noticed  in  one  of  the  newspapers, 
which  created  a  heated  controversy ;  and  before  the  excite- 
ment was  allayed,  the  Disser,ters  found  themselves  arrayed 
on  one  side,  and  the  dependents  of  the  Crown  on  the  other. 
The  writings  which  his  Tabors  and  decease  produced  are  to 
be  considered  as  a  part  of  the  Revolutionary  dissensions  in 
Massadiusetts.  For  it  is  to  be  remembered,  that  in  that 
Colony  the  question  of  E}>iscopacy  had  very  great  influence 
in  tlie  formation  and  in  the  ac^tion  of  the  two  political  parties. 

MiLLKU,  Geoiuje.  An  eminent  merchant,  of  Dobbs  Coun- 
ty, North  Carolina.  His  property  was  confiscated  in  1779. 
For  awhile  he  seems  to  have  acted  heartily  with  the  Whigs. 
Ho  was  a  member  of  the  Conventions  in  1774  and  1775, 
which  Governor  Martin  denounced,  and  which  sustained  the 
proceedings  of  the  Continental  Congress.     Hewes  and  Hoop- 


':  I  i, 


MILLEUr 


81 


er,  who  signed  the  Declanattion  of  Independence,  were  his 
associates  in  1774.  In  J-776  he  fell  off,  declaring  that  he  was 
by  no  means  ripe  for  so  strong  and  questionable  a  measure  as 
that  of  entire  separation  from  the  mother  country.  His  de- 
fection was  much  regretted,  since  he  was  a  gentleman  of  con- 
sideration, and  of  noble  traits  of  character.  Yet  he  did  much 
to  oppose  the  sanguinary  intolerance  of  the  Loyalists  of  North 
Carolina,  and  on  one  occasion  appeared  in  opposition  to  them 
at  the  head  of  a  company  of  volunteer  riflemen.  He  went  to 
Scotland.  In  1779  he  was  in  London,  a  Loyalist  Addresser 
of  the  King.  In  1787,  he  was  appointed  C„nsul  and  Deputy 
Commissary  for  the  States  of  North  Carolina,  Soutli  Carolina, 
and  Georgia.  It  was  said  by  a  distinguished  Whig,  in  1790, 
that  he  lived  in  high  style,  and  kept  a  chariot.  He  died  at 
Hans  Place,  Knightsbridge,  England,  in  1798. 

Mii,T,ER,  Andrew.  Merchant,  of  Halifiix,  North  Carolina. 
The  Whig  Committee  of  Halifax  County,  December  21, 
1774,  "Resolved,  unanimously,  lo  show  our  disapprobation 
of  his  conduct,  and  to  encourage  such  merchants  who  have 
signed  the  Association,  that  we  will  not,  from  this  day,  pur- 
chase any  goods,  wares,  or  merchandises  of  any  kind  what- 
ever from  said  Andrew  Miller,  or  any  person  acting  for,  or 
in  partnership  with  him ;  and  that  we  will  have  no  commt  r ct 
or  dealings  with  him,  after  paying  our  just  debts,  and  fullii- 
ling  the  contracts  already  entered  into  for  commodities  of  this 
year's  produce ;  and-  we  also  recommend  it  to  the  people  of 
this  county  in  particular,  and  to  all  who  wish  well  to  their 
country,  to  adopt  the  same  measure."  In  1779  his  property 
was  confiscated.  He  was,  probably,  a  person  of  standing.  I 
find  in  a  letter  from  a  gentleman  of  North  Carolina,  mIio  was 
in  London  in  1774,  to  a  friend  at  home,  the  follo\i'ing  pas- 
sage :  "  When  I  left  my  power  of  attachment  with  you,  I 
told  you  that  Andrew  Miller  and  I  had  agreed  that  all 
money  you  or  he  might  receive  of  mine  should  lie  in  his 
hands  for  three  years,  he  paying  me  interest  at  the  rate  of 
five  i)er  cent,  for  two  years  and  a  half  only.  I  had  a  letter 
from  him  lately,  in  wiiich  he  appears  perfectly  to  recollect 


■  •  '.'■■'     r. 


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MILLEB„ 


this,  but  seems  to  have  forgot  that  the  money  was  to  bo  re- 
mitted at  the  Virginia  exchange,  making  an  allowance  of 
thirtA'-five  per  cent,  to  bring  the  product  into  Virginia  money; 
he  charges  thirty-three  and  one  half,"  &c. 

Mif,i,KR,  Stephen.  He  was  a  magistrate  of  the  county  of 
York,  New  Brunswick,  and  died  at  Fredericton,  in  1817,  aged 
nii^ety. 

MiLLRU,  RoHERT.  Of  Virginia.  Treasurer  of  the  College 
of  Villiam  and  Mary,  and  Comptroller  of  the  Customs  at 
Wi'.'ituiisburg.  Went  to  England  as  early  as  177*J  ;  died 
there  in  1792. 

Miij.Eu,  Edward.  A  zealous  Loyalist,  who  built  at  his 
own  expense  Fort  Miller,  on  the  Hudson  River,  of  which  he 
was  in  command.  He  went  to  England.  Hannah,  his  wife, 
was  a  Winslow  of  the  Mayflower  lineage,  and  sister  of  Ed- 
ward Wiiislow,  who  is  noticed  in  these  volumes.  Lucy  Ann, 
liis  daugiiter,  married  William  AVoodforde,  of  the  Ansford 
House  family,  Somen  set,  England,  formerly  a  surgeon  in  the 
British  Armv,  and  a  resident  for  some  time  at  Fredericton, 
New  Brunswick. 

Mii.i.KH,  Richard.  Of  East  Hampton,  New  York.  In 
commission  under  Sir  William  Howe.  Hailed  and  ordered 
to  stop,  by  the  commander  of  a  party  of  Whigs,  he  refused, 
and  ctmtinuvjd  to  refuse,  until  fired  upon  and  mortally  wound- 
ed. He  was  "  a  y<nuig  gentleman  of  fortune  and  fiimily,  but 
a  notorious  enemy  to  his  country." 

MiM.ER,  Jo. IN.  Deserted  from  the  Whig,  and  joined  the 
Royal  iVrmy.  Under  sanction  of  a  flag  of  truce,  he  wont  to 
the  American  camp,  and  was  detained  prisoner.  Washing- 
ton, ill  a  letter  to  Sir  William  Howe,  justiiies  the  act,  and 
remark?  that  there  is  nothing  in  a  flag  to  alter  the  nature  of 
things,  or  to  consecrate  inttdeiity  and  guilt. 

MiM.ER,  Alexander.  Of  Virginia.  Published,  in  1775, 
by  the  Committee  of  Augusta  ( "ounty,  as  a  "■  a  real  eneiny  to 
the  general  struggle  of  all  America,"  &c.  A  Loyalist  of  this 
name  died  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  in  1827,  aged  seven- 
ty-four. 


MiLLI 

Revoluti 
entered  1 
talion  of 
close  of  t 
vey   of  t 
settled  ir 
died  at  ( 
one.      M 
at  Anna] 
an   emini 
House  o 
wick,  un 
Miixi] 
Millido;o. 
in  his  fat 
Annapoli 
Miixii 
New  Yor 
year,  wit 
wIio  was 
and  who 
Mills 
and  bani 
served 
friends  o 
to  purclii 
and  Post 
agoment, 
measures 
nial  servi 
tilities,  ii 
with  the 
the  ovac 
Thence 
New  Yoi 
"  Royal 


MILLIDGE. -MILLS. 


88 


MiT.i.iDCJE,  TriOMAS.  Of  New  Jei'sey.  Previous  to  the 
Revolution,  he  was  Surveyor-General  of  that  Colony.  He 
entered  the  military  service,  and  was  Islajor  of  the  First  Bat- 
talion of  New  Jersey  Volunteers  raised  by  Skinner.  At  the 
close  of  the  war  he  went  to  New  Brunswick,  and  made  a  sur- 
vey of  the  river  St.  Croix,  and  the  waters  adjacent.  He 
settled  in  Nova  Scotia,  and  was  a  Colonel  in  the  militia.  He 
died  at  Granville,  Annapolis  Comity,  in  1810,  aged  eighty- 
one.  Mercy,  his  widow,  survived  him  four  years,  and  died 
at  Annapolis  at  the  age  of  eighty-one.  His  son  Thomas  was 
an  eminent  merchant,  a  magistrate,  and  a  member  oi  the 
House  of  Assembly,  and  resided  at  St.  John,  New  Bruns- 
wick, imtil  his  decease,  at  the  age  of  sixty-t\vo. 

INIiiJ.iDGE,  PHiNKAri.  Of  New  Jersey.  Son  of  Thomas 
Millidge.  He  w.as  an  ensign,  or,  by  another  account,  chaplain, 
in  his  fatlier's  battalion,  and  retired  on  half-pay.  He  died  at 
Annapolis,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1H,3(),  aged  seventy-one. 

IVIti.i.idgk,  Stephen.  In  1782,  a  Loyalist  Associator  at 
New  York,  to  settle  at  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  the  following 
year,  with  his  family  of  two  ncrscms.  Possibly,  the  Steidien 
who  was  Sheriff'  of  Westmoreland  County,  New  Brunswick, 
and  who  died  there  in  1803. 

Mills,  Nathamkl.  Printer,  of  Boston.  Was  proscribed 
and  banished  in  1778.  He  was  born  in  Massachusetts,  and 
served  his  apprenticeship  with  Fleming,  already  noticed.  The 
friends  of  the  Royal  Goverinnent  urged  him  and  John  Hicks 
to  jturchase  of  Green  and  Russell  the  "Massachusetts  Gazette 
and  Post-Boy,"  which  they  did  in  1773.  Under  their  man- 
agement, this  paper  took  strong  ground  in  opposition  to  the 
measures  of  the  Whifjs,  and  defended  the  Ministrv  and  Colo- 
nial  servants  of  the  Crown  with  great  zeal  and  ability.  Hos- 
tilities, in  1775,  put  an  cud  to  its  i)ublication.  ]Mills  remained 
with  the  British  troops  while  they  occupied  Boston,  and  on 
the  evacuation  accompanied  them  to  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia. 
Thence  he  proceeded  to  Great  Britain,  but  soon  returned  to 
New  York,  and  became  interested  with  the  Robertsons  in  the 
"  Royal  American  Gazette."      He  continued  in  New  York 


r4 


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84 


MILLS.  — MITCHELL. 


during  the  remainder  of  the  war,  and  at  the  peace  went  a 
second  time  to  Halifax,  and  from  thence  to  Shelburne,  in  the 
same  colony. 

Mii,LS,  William.  Of  Charleston,  South  Carolina.  An 
Addresser  of  Sir  Henry  Clinton  in  1780.  Was  banished  in 
1782,  and  liis  property  confiscated.  Ho  may  have  been  in- 
clined to  the  Whig  side  in  1775,  since  in  that  year  the  Whig 
C'll^^'pnti()n  made  him  a  member  of  the  Committee  to  carry 
out  the  views  of  the  Continental  Congress  on  the  subject  of 
the  Association. 

Mills,  William  Hknuy.  Of  South  Carolina.  Held  a 
commission  under  the  Crown,  after  the  fall  of  Charleston,  in 
1780.  Banished,  and  estate  confiscated.  He  went  to  Eng- 
la  ■,  The  Commissioners  on  Loyalist  Claims  allowed  him 
compensation  for  his  losses.  His  only  daughter,  Anne,  wife 
of  William  Thacker,  of  the  parish  of  Penn,  county  of  Stafford, 
England,  died  in  1807. 

Mills,  John.  Of  South  Carolina.  Was  in  England,  July, 
1779. 

MiNciiULL,  John.  Of  New  Yoi-k.  Went  to  Shelburne, 
Nova  Scotia,  where  he  was  a  merchant  of  extensive  business, 
and  where  "  he  built  the  lar<i;est  house  in  town."  He  died 
at  London  in  1822. 

MiNOT,  Christoimikr.  Officer  of  the  Customs,  Boston. 
Graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1725.  Went  to  Halifax 
in  177t) ;  proscribed  and  banished  in  1778.  Died  uiunarried 
at  Halifax,  in  1783,  aged  seventy-seven. 

MiNOT,  Samuel.  Of  Boston.  An  Addresser  of  Hutch- 
inson in  1774,  and  a  Protester  against  the  Whigs  the  same 
year.  His  arrest  ordered  by  the  Council  :"  Massachusetts, 
April,  1776. 

MiTC^HELL,  WiLi-iAM.  Bom  in  Londonderry,  Ireland,  in 
1689.  He  emigrated  to  Amorica  several  years  before  the 
Revolution,  and,  for  his  loyalty,  lost  his  property.  He  re- 
turned to  England  after  the  peace,  and,  at  the  recommenda- 
tion of  Lord  Townshend,  was  appointed  to  an  office  m  the 
revenue  service.  He  died  at  Dublin,  in  1804,  aged  one 
hundred  and  fifteen  years  anJ  ten  months. 


prison. 
MoL 

VOL. 


I  •' , 


MITCHELL.  -  MOLAND. 


85 


Mitchell,  John.  Of  Queen's  County,  New  York.  His 
house  was  broken  into  at  night,  in  1783,  by  six  men  who 
landed  from  a  whale-boat :  an  affray  followed  ;  he  and  his 
aced  father  were  beaten  over  the  head  with  the  butt-end  of 
muskets ;  his  wife,  with  an  infant  in  her  arms,  was  beaten  also, 
until  she  fainted ;  and  his  son  Benjamin,  a  boy,  was  led  out 
of  doors,  held,  and  shot  through  the  body  with  two  balls,  by 
Jackson,  one  of  the  gang,  who  had  lived  in  the  family.  Mr. 
Mitchell  died  in  Queen's  ('ounty,  in  1833,  aged  eighty-one. 

MoFFATT,  Thomas.  A  Scotch  Physician,  who  emigrated 
to  America  about  the  year  1746.  He  settled  in  Rhode 
Island  in  1750  and  was  often  consulted  in  difficult  cases.  In 
17G5  his  effigy  was  drawn  through  the  streets  of  Newport, 
and  hung  on  a  gallows.  He  presented  to  the  Assembly  a 
sworn  statement  of  his  losses  by  mobs,  but  had  failed  of  ob- 
taining indemnity  in  1769.  He  was  appointed  Comptroller  of 
the  Customs  at  New  London,  and  continued  in  office  until 
displaced  by  the  Whigs.  He  was  one  of  the  writers  of  the 
letters  sent  to  Massachusetts  by  Franklin.  He  went  to  Eng- 
land, December,  1775,  in  the  Tartar  ship-of-war.  In  1777, 
Stewart,  the  Collector  of  the  Customs  at  New  London,  had 
permission  to  take  away  his  effects ;  but  leave  was  revoked  on 
information  that  Moftatt  had  left  America  in  angry  mood, 
and  had  been  in  arms  on  the  side  of  the  Crown.  He  was  in 
London,  an  Addresser  of  the  King,  in  1770. 

MoFFATT,  Jamf.s.  Of  Rhode  Island.  Was  a  Lieutenant 
in  the  Second  American  Regiment.  At  the  peace,  accom- 
panied by  his  family  of  five  persons,  and  by  four  servants,  he 
went  from  New  York  to  Sholburne,  Nova  Scotia,  where  the 
Crown  granted  him  fifty  acres  of  land,  one  town  and  one 
water  lot.  His  losses  in  consequence  of  his  loyalty  were 
estimated  at  j£300. 

MoFFATT,  Joseph.  Of  Pennsylvania.  Joined  the  Royal 
Army  in  Philadelphia,  and  at  the  evacuation  accompanied  it 
to  New  York.  In  1779  he  was  taken  at  sea,  and  put  in 
prison. 

MoLAND,  William.    Of  Pennsylvania.    Physician.    Took 

VOL.  n.  8 


Vi 


' .  ^ 


<  I 


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L'M 


I       ■    <  I 


H^ 


I    i       J 


n;      tii 


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Ml 


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86 


MOLESWORTH.  -  MONCRIEFFE. 


ti 


li 

1    ! 


the  oath  of  alleo:iaiice  to  tlie  Whiffs  and  acted  in  the  militia. 
In  1778,  while  Pliihulelphia  was  in  possession  of  the  Royal 
Army,  he  went  to  that  city,  and  immediately  embarked  for 
the  West  Indies,  in  the  hope  of  finding  a  brother,  who  was 
able  to  afford  him  pecuniary  aid.  He  seems  to  have  failed  in 
his  object,  for  he  returned  m  the  summer  of  the  same  year. 
During  his  absence  he  was  attainted  of  treason  ;  but  availing 
himself  of  the  terms  of  the  proclamation,  he  surrendered  for 
trial,  and  was  admitted  to  bail.  In  1783  the  Chief  Justice 
recommended  the  Council  to  pardon  him. 

MoLKswoRTH,  James.  Executed,  in  1777,  as  a  si)y. 
General  Gates,  who  ordered  a  court-martial  in  the  case,  sub- 
mitted the  proceeding  to  the  Continental  Congress,  and  that 
body  approved  of  the  sentence  of  death.  Molesworth  con- 
fessed repeatedly  that  Galloway,  the  Loyalist  lead  or  in  Penn- 
svlvania,  engaged  him  to  undertake  the  infamous  business ; 
and  he  said,  beside,  that  Lord  Howe  was  present  when  the 
bargain  was  concluded.  But  the  description  given  of  his 
Lordship's  person  was  not  accurate,  and  his  whole  story  as 
relates  to  both  may  have  been  false.  In  his  examination  it 
is  related  that  "  he  received  at  New  York  a  commission  as 
Lieutenant  in  the  Army,  which  he  accepted.''  In  his  confession 
when  under  tlie  gallows,  which  he  requesteil  to  be  made 
public,  he  stated  that  he  was  offered  a  Captain's  comnusr,ion, 
which  lie  refused,  and  that  he  had  never  had  any  commission 
from  the  British  Generals. 

He  was  executed  at  Philadelphia,  in  the  presence  of  an 
immense  crowd  of  spectators.  He  had  been  clerk  to  three  or 
four  mayors  of  that  city.  In  1782,  the  Attorney-General 
reported  to  the  Council,  he  was  clearly  of  the  opinion  vhat 
the  sentence  and  execution  of  Molesworth  occasioned  no  for- 
feiture of  estate  or  corrui)tion  of  blood  ;  and  that,  of  conse- 
quence, his  legal  representatives  were  entitled  to  his  property, 
real  and  pei'sonal. 

MoNCRiEFFE,  James.  Of  Ncw  York.  Lieutenant-Colonel 
in  the  Engineers.  Like  several  other  British  officers  at  the 
Revolutionary   era,   he   was   deemed   an   inhabitant   of  the 


MONCRIEFf'E. 


87 


country ;  and  as  lie  was  the  uncle  of  Montgomery,  and  the 
brothoi'-in-law  of  both  Mr.  Jay  and  Governor  Livingston, 
tlie  Wliig  leaders  entertained  the  hope  that  he  would  es|K)Use 
the  popular  side.  The  fact  is  not  amf)ng  my  notes,  but  I 
have  somewhere  read  that  the  command  of  the  army  for  the 
invasion  of  Canada,  subsequently  led  by  his  nephew,  was 
offered  to  him.  He  adhered  to  the  Crown.  In  177(5  he  was 
with  Lord  Percy  on  Staten  Island.  In  1778  he  was  taken 
prisoner  at  Flatbush,  Long  Island,  by  a  party  who  went  from 
the  Jersey  shore  in  boats  expressly  to  seize  him  and  some 
other  persons  of  note.  The  house  was  surrounded,  resistance 
was  vain,  and  he  submitted. 

In  the  war  at  the  South,  he  performed  the  most  valuable 
hcrvices  to  the  Royal  cause  in  his  particular  department.  In 
the  saving  of  Savannah,  he  was  indeed  the  efficient  instru- 
ment. General  I'revost,  in  an  official  dispatch,  thus  wrote  :  — 
"  I  would  mention  Captain  Moncrietfe, commanding  engineer  ; 
but  sincerely  sensible  that  all  I  can  ex[)ress  will  fall  greatly 
short  of  what  that  gentleman  deserves,  not  only  on  this,  but 
on  all  other  occasions,  I  shall  only,  in  the  most  earnest  man- 
ner, request  your  Lordship  taking  him  into  your  protection 
and  patronage,  to  recommend  him  to  his  Majesty  as  an  officer 
of  long  service  and  most  singular  merit ;  assuring  you,  my 
Lord,  from  my  own  positive  knowledge,  that  there  is  not  one 
officer  or  soldier  in  this  little  army,  capable  ol'  reflecting  or 
judging,  who  will  not  regard,  as  personal  to  himself,  any 
mark  of  Koyal  favor  graciously  conferred  through  your  Lord- 
ship upon  Captain  Moncrieffe."'  This  uiupialified  testimonial 
was  not  without  results,  since  he  "  received  a  very  generous 
donation  from  his  Royal  master,"  and  on  the  27th  of  Septem- 
ber, 17H0,  was  commissioned  Lieutenant-Colonel. 

Moncrieffe  planned  the  works  at  Charleston,  in  the  siege  of 
the  year  just  mentioned;  and  was  warmly  commended  by  Sir 
Henry  Clinton  for  his  skill  auvl  general  good  conduct.  But 
at  the  evacuation  he  sei'ius  to  have  been  guilty  of  an  act 
which  greatly  tarnished  his  military  reputation.  According 
to  Ramsay,  u])wards  of  eight  hundred  slaves,  who  had  been 


I   ''•i'-'l  ' 


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88 


MO:  ORIEFFE. 


employed  by  MonciiefFe  as  engineer,  were  shipped  off  to  tlic 
West  Indies,  as  was  said  and  believed,  by  his  direction  and 
for  his  personal  benefit. 

Of  Colonel  Moncrieffe  himself,  I  glean  nothing  more, 
except  thai  he  died  at  New  York  in  1791,  and  was  buried  in 
Trinity  ( -hurch.  Of  his  daughter  Margaret,  and  of  her  hus- 
band, there  is  a  sad  story  to  relate.  This  daughter,  at  the  ago 
of  fourteen,  —  "  but  a  woman  in  development  and  appetite, 
witty,  vivacious,  piquant,  and  beautiful,"  —  met  Aaron  Hurr 
at  the  house  of  General  Putnam,  New  York,  while  her  father 
was  with  his  regiment  on  Staten  Island.  Whether  the 
foundation  of  her  misfortunes  was  laid  in  the  intimacy  which 
followed,  cannot  now  be  certainly  determined.  That  she  was 
seduced  by  Burr,  is  affirmed  by  Davis,  one  of  his  biographers, 
and  denied  by  Parton,  his  second  and  last.  She  herself  says 
in  her  "  Memoirs,"  written  in  1793 :  "  O,  may  these  pages  one 
day  meet  the  eye  of  him  [Burr]  who  subdued  my  virgin 
heart,  whom  the  ini mutable,  unerring  laws  of  nature  had 
pointed  out  for  W'  JUKs'.and,  but  whose  sacred  decree  the 
barbarous  custom-  i,'i  si-^iety  fatally  violated.  To  him  I 
plighted  ni}  virgiii  \'ow,  and  I  shall  never  cease  to  lament 
that  obedience  to  my  Hither  left  it  incomplete.  When  I  re- 
flect upon  my  past  sufferings,  now  that,  alas !  my  present 
sorrows  press  heavily  upon  nte,  I  cannot  refrain  from  expati- 
ating a  little  on  the  inevitable  horrors  which  ever  attend  the 
frustration  of  natural  affections.  I  myself,  who,  unpitied  by 
tlie  world,  have  endured  every  calamity  that  human  nature 
knows,  am  a  melancholy  example  of  this  truth  ;  for  if  I 
know  my  own  heart,  it  is  far  better  calculated  for  the  purer 
joys  of  domestic  life  than  for  the  hurricane  of  extravagance 
and  dissipation  in  which  I  have  been  wrecked."  .... 
"  With  this  conqueror  of  my  soul,  how  happy  should  I  now 
have  been  ! "  Upon  the  written  evidence.  Burr,  be  his  re- 
putation for  intrigue  as  it  may,  is  to  be  acquitted  of  the  ruin 
of  Margaret  Moncrieffe,  since  the  only  direct  proof  is  from 
her  own  pen,  and  she,  instead  of  accusing  him  as  the  author 
of  her  woes,  looked  back  to  her  relations  with  him  as  to  the 
happiest  memories  of  her  life. 


thought 


"  with 
day." 


MONC'UIKFFE. 


89 


The  last  official  act  of  tlic  Rev.  Doctor  Aucluiinty,  as 
Rector  of  1  riiiity  C'liurcli,  was  to  marry  this  unfortunate 
maiden  to  Captain  John  Coglilan,  of  the  8S>th  Foot,  who,  she 
relates,  drove  1  r  into  the  artns  of  a  paramour  by  the  brutal- 
ity of  liis  conduct.  '  Siie  asserts  that  she  had  led  a  strictly 
virtuous  lifi  until,  after  having  been  forced  into  a  marriage 
with  a  man  she  loathed,  she  was  subjected  to  harsi-  cruel 

treatnuiit."     This  may  be  true,  and  it  may  hv  ■■  is, 

otherwise.  Whatever  the  fact,  Mrs.  Coghlan  scj  viv  •  i 
her  husband,  and  became   the  mistress  of  the  Du.  ..    K, 

and  of  several  noblemen.  For  a  [)erio(l  of  fifteen  years  from 
1780,  "  she  made  no  inconsiderable  noise  in  the  fashionable 
circles  of  Great  Hritain  and  France."  Alternattly,  she 
revelled  in  wealth  and  suffered  in  s([ualid  poverty.  Deserted 
at  last,  she  died  a  heart-broken  woman. 

Turn  we  now  to  her  husband.  Captain  Coghlan  was  the 
son  of  a  London  merchant  of  great  wealth,  and,  in  youth, 
his  prosi)ects  were  without  a  single  cloud,  lie  entered  the 
Navy  as  a  midshipman,  and  went  "round  the  world  "  with 
the  celebrated  Cook.  Disliking  the  sea,  he  turned  his 
thoughts  successively  to  the  Bar  and  Church  ;  but  finally 
})rocured  a  commission  in  the  Army.  He  served  several 
campaigns  in  America,  and,  as  we  have  seen,  married  at 
New  York.  This  connection,  formed  without  caution,  and 
against  the  inclinations  of  his  bride,  proved,  as  lie  averred, 
as  miserable  to  him  as  to  her.  After  the  peace  of  1783,  he 
obtained  the  King's  permission  to  serve  in  the  Russian  Army; 
but  his  domestic  disappointment  preyed  upon  his  mind,  and 
he  became  dissipated.  Returning  to  England,  he  entered 
"  with  avidity  into  every  fashionable  vice  and  folly  of  the 
day."  His  extravagance  and  relations  with  women  gradu- 
ally involved  him  in  ruin.  Finally,  broken  down,  utterly 
wretched,  and  an  outcast,  he  became  an  inmate  of  St.  Bar- 
tholomew's Hospital,  where  he  died,  in  1807,  in  his  fifty- 
fouriii  year,  and  in  the  most  abject  and  pitiable  condition. 
His  relatives  in  both  England  and  Wales  were  very  respect- 
able, and   his  body  was   retained   in   the    dead-house   eight 

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MONTGOMERY. —MOODY. 


1 1 


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days,  in  the  hope  that  some  one  of  them  would  claim  it,  and 
give  it  decent  sepulture.  The  charity  of  a  stranger  furnished 
a  covering  for  his  remains,  and  they  were  deposited  in  the 
burial-ground  of  the  Hospital.  It  is  said  that  Captain  Cogh- 
lan  was  one  of  the  handsomest  men  of  his  time,  that  he  was 
social  and  convivial,  and  in  his  charities,  when  in  possession 
of  money,  liberal  to  a  fault.  One  cause  of  difference  between 
him  and  his  wife  was  probably  political ;  for  Margaret,  as  is 
averred,  sympathized  with  the  Whigs. 

Montgomery,  William.  Was  an  Ensign  in  De  Lancey's 
Third  i3attalion.  Among  those  who  perished  in  the  wreck 
of  the  transport  ship  Martha,  in  1783,  bound  to  Nova  Scotia, 
was  an  Ensign  Montgomery,  who,  as  the  account  is,  belonged 
to  De  Lancey's  Second  Battalion.     [See  James  Henley.'\ 

Moody,  James.    Of  New  Jersey.    Lieutenant  in  the  First 
Battalion  New  Jersey  Volunteers.     At  the  beginning  of  the 
war,  with  a  wife  and  three  children,  he  was  settled  on  a  large, 
fertile,  and  well-cultivated  farm  of  his  own,  and  was  coii- 
tented  and  happy.     He  took  no  part  in  politics,  and  simply 
wished  to  live  and  die  a  farmer  and  a  British  subject.     Mo- 
lested, however,  incessantly,  by  the  Whigs,  and  shot  at  three 
several  times  on  Sunday  while  quietly  walking  on  his  own 
grounds,  he  resolved  to  fly  to  the  Royal  Army ;  and  in_ April, 
1777,  accompanied  by  seventy-three  of  his   neighbors,  he 
reached  Colonel  Barton's  corps  at  Bergen.     His  very  nome 
soon  became  a  terror.     The  cry  that  "  Moody  is  out !  "  or 
that  "  Moody  is  in  the  country !  "  was  uttered  in  intense  fear 
in  parts  of  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  for  years.     His 
first  service  was  at  the  head  of  about  one  hundred  men,  when 
he  marched  seventy  miles  to  annoy  his  former  friends.     He 
was  attacked,  and,  of  his  whole  party,  eight  only  escaped  to 
the  British  lines.     Of  the  prisoners  taken  by  the  Whigs, 
more  than  thirty  were  sentenced  to  death :  two  were  exe- 
cuted ;  the  rest  saved  life  by  enlisting  in  the  Continental 
Army,  but,  except  a  few  who  died,  all  who  were  thus  spared 
deserted.     He  was  next  employed  to  penetrate  the  country, 
and  obtain  information  relative  to  the  strength  and  position 


MOODY. 


91 


of  a  Whig  corps,  and  was  commended  for  his  skill  and  per- 
severance. In  June,  1779,  he  captured  a  Whig  colonel,  a 
lieutenant-colonel,  a  major,  two  captains,  and  several  others  of 
inferior  rank,  and  destroyed  a  considerable  magazine  of  pow- 
der and  arms.  On  his  return,  with  such  public  stores  as  he 
could  transport,  he  was  assailed  by  a  force  double  his  own, 
which,  after  a  spirited  fight  of  forty  minutes,  he  dispersed  at 
the  point  of  the  bayonet.  The  Whig  loss  in  killed  and 
wounded  was  quite  one  quarter  of  their  number  ;  the  leader, 
while  breathing  awful  oaths  and  threats  of  vengeance,  was 
slain  by  Moody  himself.  The  Loyalists,  who  suffered  less, 
arrived  safely  at  camp,  where  Moody  sold  his  booty  for  up- 
wards of  £500  sterling,  and  distributed  the  money  among  his 
men  as  a  reward  fcr  their  good  conduct.  Again,  in  1779,  he 
was  sent  to  lurk  in  the  neighborhood  of  the  troops  under  the 
personal  command  of  Washington  ;  and,  the  objects  of  the 
Royal  General  accomplished,  he  was  despatched  a  distance  of 
eighty  miles  to  watch  the  movements  of  General  Sullivan  ; 
and  before  the  close  of  the  year  he  was  near  Washington's 
camp  a  second  time ;  and  was  also  a  spy  upon  Gates,  who 
was  moving  to  the  south.  These  are  the  most  noticeable 
enterprises  for  three  years  ;  and  the  details  would  show  that 
all  were  attended  with  constant  peril  of  life,  suffering  for  food 
and  shelter.  In  truth,  Moody  had  gained  the  entire  confi- 
dence of  his  superiors,  and  was  thought  by  them  to  possess 
marked  ability,  both  as  a  partisan  and  a  spy.  Meanwhile,  as 
already  remarked,  his  very  name  inspired  awe  in  the  families 
of  unprotected  Whigs. 

In  May,  1780,  he  foi'med  the  design  of  seizing  Governor 
liivingston,  who,  as  the  Loyalists  averred,  treated  them  with 
cruelty  and  oppression.  The  plan  failed,  because  one  of  the 
men  employed  in  it  was  taken  prisoner,  and  revealed  that 
"  Moody  was  in  the  country,  and,  as  he  imagined,  in  quest 
of  some  person  of  note  who  lived  near  Morristown."  But 
our  partisan,  determined  to  rccomplish  "  something  "  before 
his  return,  attempted  to  blow  up  the  magazine  at  Sucka- 
sunna,  and  prevailed  on  some  of  Burgoyne's  soldiers,  who 


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92 


MOODY. 


I 


were  prisoners,  to  aid  him.  The  alarm  that  "  Moody  was 
out ! "  had,  however,  become  too  general,  and  the  project  was 
abandoned.  Still  bent  on  an  exploit  of  some  kind,  he  took 
six  trusty  followers,  late  at  night  entered  a  town  in  which 
there  was  a  jail,  about  seventy  miles  from  New  York,  and 
after  a  parley  with  the  jailer,  in  which  he  impressed  him  with 
the  idea  that  he  had  a  strong  party,  and  after  threatening  to 
pull  down  the  jail,  he  was  led  to  the  cell  of  a  prisoner  under 
sentence  of  death,  whom,  with  several  Loyalists,  ho  released 
and  bore  off. 

Next,  he  went  "  out "  with  a  party  of  seven,  and  secured 
the  persons  of  eighteen  Whig  officers  of  militia,  and  com- 
mittee-men. This  feat  raised  a  new  alarm,  and  he  was  hunted 
in  caves  and  forests  day  and  night.  He  eluded  his  pursuers ; 
but,  while  retracing  his  steps  to  New  York,  he  fell  into  the 
hands  of  General  Wayne,  much  to  the  joy  of  his  captors  and 
to  the  Whigs  of  New  Jersey.  "  Moody  is  in  the  toils  at 
last  1 "  was  the  word  far  and  near.  He  was  sent  first  to  a 
place  called  T?ie  Slote,  thence  to  Stony  Point,  thence  to 
West  Point,  thence  to  Esopus,  and  thence  back  to  West 
Point.  Arnold,  who  was  plotting  to  surrender  the  latter 
post,  treated  him  with  absolute  barbarity  ;  for,  by  his  order, 
he  was  placed  in  a  dungeon  excavated  in  a  rock,  the  bot 
of  which  was  ankle-deep  in  water,  mud,  and  filth.  In  »...i:i 
dismal  hole,  the  wretched  prisoner  was  fettered  hand  and  fooi ; 
compelled  to  sleep  on  a  door  raised  on  four  stones  above  the 
disgusting  mixture,  and  proffered  food  at  whic'i  he  revolted, 
and  which  was  brought  to  him  in  a  wooden-bowl  that  was 
never  washed,  and  that  was  encrusted  with  dough,  dirt,  and 
grease.  The  irons  upon  his  wrists  were  ragged  on  the  inner 
side,  and  caused  sores  which  gave  him  great  pain,  while  his 
legs  became  irritated  and  swollen.  He  implored  Arnold  for 
relief,  declaring  that  he  preferred  death  to  sufferings  so  in- 
tense. Some  days  after  his  second  petition  to  be  treated  as 
a  prisoner  of  war,  an  officer  came  to  his  prison  and  asked,  — 
"  Are  you  Moody,  whose  name  is  a  terror  to  every  good 
man  ?  "     When  answered,  the  officer  pointed  to  a  gallows 


I'i 


MOODY. 


98 


near  by  and  said,  —  "A  swing  upon  that  you  have  long  mer- 
ited." Moody  replied  that  he  hoped  "  to  live  to  see  him  and 
a  thousand  other  villains  like  him  hanged  for  being  Rebels." 
The  fetters  were^  examined,  but  not  removed.  The  case  was 
at  last  reportesd  to  Washington,  who  ordered  the  irons  to  be 
taken  off,  and  the  serving  of  wholesome  provisions,  with  leave 
to  purchase  milk  and  vegetables.  Soon,  too,  the  prisoner  was 
transferred  to  the  Chief's  own  camp,  where  the  Adjutant- 
General,  the  noble  Scammell,  examined  his  limbs,  and, 
shocked  at  their  condition,  gave  instant  directions  for  humane 
treatment.  Before  our  p!»rtisan  had  fully  recovered,  he  was 
told  that  he  was  to  be  tried  for  the  murder  of  the  Whig  cap- 
tain and  of  another  officer,  who  fell  in  the  affair  which  I 
have  mentioned ;  and,  also,  for  enlisting  men,  which,  too,  was 
a  capital  offence.  He  was  informed,  besides,  that  he  ''  was  so 
obnoxious,  and  was  likely  to  be  so  mischievous,  that  the 
Whigs  were  determined  to  get  rid  of  him  at  any  rate,"  and 
that  his  fate  was  sealed.  From  this  moment  he  resolved  to 
escape,  or  perish  in  the  effort.  On  a  dark  and  rainy  night, 
he  accordingly  contrived  to  break  the  bolt  of  his  handcuffs 
without  notice,  when  he  sprang  past  the  inner  sentinel, 
knocked  down  and  seized  the  gun  of  the  next,  avoided  four 
others  who  were  stationed  at  the  place  of  his  confinement, 
and  obtained  his  liberty,  —  though  th6  cry  was  raised  by  hun- 
dreds :  "  Moody  has  escaped  from  the  Provost  1 "  and  though 
he  was  pursued  in  every  direction. 

We  hear  little  of  our  partisan  and  spy  until  March,  1781, 
when  Oliver  De  Lancey  the  younger,  who  had  succeeded 
Andr^  as  Adjutant-General,  requested  him  to  undertake  to 
intercept  Washington's  despatches.  Moody,  ever  ready,  de- 
parted the  very  next  night,  and  travelled  more  than  twenty- 
five  miles  by  the  dawn  of  day ;  when,  as  detection  was  sure 
to  lead  to  a  speedy  death  on  the  gallows,  he  and  his  followers 
retreated  to  a  swamp.  On  the  second  nigl  t  the  guide  re- 
fused to  proceed ;  and  Moody,  in  his  anger,  cocked  his  gun  to 
shoot  him,  but  spared  him  for  the  sake  of  his  family.  The 
enterprise  was,  however,  at  an  end,  and  those  who  were  en- 


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MOODY. 


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gaged  in  it  made  the  best  of  their  way  to  New  York.  De 
Lancey  was  much  disappointed ;  and  Moody,  in  nowise  dis- 
couraged, set  out  again,  determined  upon  success.  He  reached 
the  Haverstraw  mountains  in  darkness,  and  was  there  in- 
formed that  the  post  had  ah'eady  passed.  To  get  ahead  of 
the  rider  was  the  only  course ;  and  Moody  and  his  little  band, 
heedless  of  severe  suffering  from  the  inclemency  of  the  weather, 
and  from  a  pelting  snow-storm,  pushed  on,  and  on  the  fifth  day 
they  obtained  their  prize,  which,  after  hazardous  and  distress- 
ing night-marches,  they  placed  in  the  possession  of  their  em- 
ployer. 

Moody  himself  bore  fatigue,  hunger,  and  cold  without  ap- 
parent injury ;  but  the  hardships  of  this  adventure  were  fatal 
to  the  health  of  most  of  his  party.  Soon  after  this  feat, 
Moody,  who  had  served  quite  a  year  as  a  volunteer  without 
pay,  and  nearly  three  years  as  an  ensign,  was  promoted  to  a 
lieutenancy. 

In  a  month  or  two  De  Lancey  complained  of  the  want  of 
intelligence,  and  the  new  Lieutenant,  with  four  men,  accord- 
ingly left  camp  to  seize  another  "  Rebel  mail."  On  the  sec- 
ond night  they  met  a  party  of  Whigs,  who  enclosed  them  on 
three  sides,  and  who  had  so  well  executed  a  plan  of  a.nbush 
as  to  leave  no  hope  of  escape,  except  by  leaping  from  a  high 
cliff  of  rocks.  To  surrender  or  perish  were  the  only  alter- 
natives. Moody  chose  the  latter ;  and,  bidding  his  men  to 
follow,  sprang  over  the  precipice.  Strangely  enough,  not 
one  was  hurt.  But  he  soon  saw  another  band  of  Whigs 
crossing  a  swamp  ;  and,  satisfied  that  his  enemies  acted  upon 
information  sent  from  the  British  lines,  he  resolved  to  re- 
treat. Eluding  his  pursuers,  he  reached  the  Hudson  River, 
and  thought  his  perils  over.  When  within  four  miles  of  the 
city,  seventy  Whigs  emerged  from  a  house  a  hundred  yards 
distant,  and  marched  directly  towards  him.  His  guide,  who 
insisted  that  they  were  Loyalists,  went  to  meet  them,  and  was 
greeted  with  a  shot.  The  main  body  made  for  Moody,  who, 
without  other  means  to  escape,  scrambled  up  a  steep  hill ;  but 
long  before  he  reached  the  summit  his  foes  were  in  full  chase, 


t  ! 


MOODY. 


95 


and  when  only  one  hundred  and  fifty  feet  off,  "  gave  him  one 
general  discharge."  "  The  bullets  flew,  like  a  storm  of  hail, 
all  around  him  ;  his  clothes  were  shot  through  in  several 
places  ;  one  ball  went  through  his  hat,  and  another  grazed 
his  arm."  He  turned,  without  slackening  his  pace,  aimed  at 
one  who  pursued,  and  killed  him  on  the  spot.  Though  the 
firing  was  continued,  he  escaped  unharmed,  and  in  due  time 
reported  himself  at  head-quarters.  Still  bent  on  success,  and 
giving  himself  no  time  for  rest.  Moody,  accompanied  by  four 
trusty  followers,  left  New  York  the  very  night  of  his  arrival 
there  ;  and,  as  before,  he  moved  in  darkness  only,  until  he 
was  ready  to  pounce  upon  the  coveted  "  Rebel  mail."  He 
incurred  perils  which  I  have  not  time  to  relate.  After  way- 
laying the  rider  five  days,  he  bore  off  all  the  despatches  that 
were  sent  to  Whigs  in  the  field  and  elsewhere,  in  consequence 
of  the  interview  between  Washington  and  Count  Rochambeau, 
in  Connecticut.  Under  Moody's  direction,  two  other  mails 
were  seized,  subsequently;  a  part  of  the  contents  of  one,  how- 
ever, was  recovered. 

The  next  enterprise  which  deserves  mention,  was  late  in 
1781,  when  an  attempt  was  made  to  penetrate  to  Philadelphia, 
and  seize  the  most  important  books  and  papers  of  the  Con- 
tinental Congress.  The  plan  was  well  laid ;  but  the  accom- 
plice who  had  been  employed  by  the  Secretary  of  that  body 
proved  faithless,  and  it  failed.  Moody,  who  led,  I'eached  the 
Delaware ;  and  while  waiting  the  movements  of  his  ally  in 
order  to  take  the  final  step,  accidentally  heard  in  the  house  in 
which  he  was  concealed  that  "  the  devil  was  to  pay  in  the 
city  ;  that  there  had  been  a  plot  to  break  into  the  State-House 
but  that  one  of  the  party  had  betrayed  the  others  ;  that  two 
were  already  taken  ;  and  that  a  party  of  soldiers  had  just 
crossed  the  river  to  seize  their  leader,  who  was  said  to  be 
thereabouts."  Moody  fled.  The  soldiers  entered  the  house 
before  he  was  a  hundred  yards  distant ;  and,  followed  by  a 
party  of  horse,  and  surrounded  on  all  sides  by  foes  on  foot, 
nearly  all  hope  of  flight  was  at  an  end.  As  his  last  resource, 
he  threw  himself  flat  on  his  face  in  a  shallow  ditch.     In  the 


:  ri 


.    ( 


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1                                                   * 

1, 

I 


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mm 


It' 


:    !' 


96 


MOODY. 


search,  six  of  his  pursuers  passed  within  ten  feet  of  him,  and 
examined  the  ditch  ;  while  others  travelled  the  adjacent  ground 
in  every  direction,  thrusting  the'r  bayonets  into  stacks  of  corn- 
fodder,  and  peering  into  every  other  place  of  concealmenti 
At  night,  in  the  belief  that  his  enemies  would  not  again  visit 
those  stacks,  he  got  into  one  of  thjm,  and  remained  in  an 
erect  posture  two  days  and  two  nights,  without  drink  or  food. 
On  leaving  this  uncomfortable  prison,  he  wandered  along  the 
bank  of  the  Delaware  until  he  found  a  small  boat,  when  he 
rowed  up  the  river  to  a  point  of  comparative  safety.  At 
length,  afler  many  circuitous  marches  through  pathless  regions, 
which  occupied  five  nights,  he  reached  the  British  camp. 
The  two  who  were  made  prisoners  as  above  mentioned  wore 
tried  and  executed  as  s{)ies. 

Moody's  career  in  the  Revolution  terminated  in  November, 
1781.  His  property  had  then  been  confiscated,  and  his-  con- 
stitution, robust  as  it  was,  had  became  seriously  impaired. 
His  physicians  recommended  a  sea- voyage,  and  a  respite  from 
anxiety  and  fatigue;  and  Sir  Henry  Clinton,  to  ensure  the 
adoption  of  their  advice,  invited  him  to  visit  England.  As 
the  reader  cannot  but  have  concluded,  James  Moody  was  a  re- 
markable man.  The  Whigs  of  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania 
detested  him  ;  but,  whatever  was  said  of  him  in  his  time,  and 
whatever  the  traditions  which  concern  him  now,  evidence  is 
wanting  to  show  that  he  violated,  to  a  serious  extent,  the  rules 
of  civilized  warfare.  He  served  the  Crown  because  he  wished 
to  live  and  die  a  British  subject,  and  not  for  military  rank  or 
pecuniary  reward.  He  exposed  his  life  for  a  year  without 
even  the  pay  of  a  common  soldier.  For  taking  the  first  mail, 
he  received  one  hundred  guineas  ;  for  the  second,  twice  that 
sum ;  but  he  shared  so  liberally  with  his  associates,  that  one 
hundred  and  twenty-five  guineas  for  these  two  exploits,  and 
thirty  more  paid  him  by  Governor  Robertson,  as  an  outfit  for 
the  expedition  to  seize  Governor  Livingston,  make  the  sum 
total  of  his  emoluments  beyond  others  of  his  rank. 

He  lost  his  entire  estate,  and  when  he  lefl  the  Army  he  was 
liable  for  .£1500  sterling  on  account  of  engagements  for  the 


VOL. 


MOODY. 


91 


v\  i 


*  1 

I 


Crown  ;  and  yet,  witliout  money  or  lieahli,  and  in  debt,  iie 
was  a  mere  lieutenant  in  a  corps  of  volunteers.  In  a  word, 
his  fate  was  not  that  of  the  Loyal'a^s  generally,  but  of  thou- 
sands of  wasted,  ruined  Whigs.  I  have  before  me,  indeed,  a 
letter  from  Sir  Henry  Clinton,  in  w^hich  he  says  he  intended 
promotion  ;  but  that,  while  Commander-in-Chief,  he  found  no 
suitable  opportunity  for  executing  his  purpose. 

That  Moody  really  performed  the  deeds  that  I  have  related, 
I  consider  certain.  His  own  narrative  —  singularly  candid 
as  relates  to  the  Whigs  —  bears  the  impress  of  truth ;  and  is 
substantially  corroborated  by  his  superior  officers,  and  by  seve- 
ral Loyalists  of  the  highest  rank.  And,  more  than  this,  I 
havf  in  my  possession  copies  of  more  than  twenty  letters  and 
other  papers,  which,  dated  at  different  periods,  and  written  by 
persons  of  distinguished  merit,  show  that  he  was  much  re- 
spected by  clergymen  and  civilians,  as  well  as  by  gentlemen  of 
the  Army. 

This  notice,  already  too  long  for  my  limits,  must  be  con- 
cluded. Lieutenant  Moody  remained  in  England  two  or  three 
years,  and  addressed  several  memorials  to  persons  in  power 
on  the  subject  of  his  parils,  sufferings,  and  poverty.  As  I 
find  the  result,  in  the  numerous  documents  which  I  have  ex- 
amined, his  i-ewards  were  :  the  temporary  allowance  of  jfilOO 
per  annum ;  the  grant  of  a  tract  of  land  of  inconsiderable 
value  in  Nova  Scotia ;  and  the  half-pay  of  an  officer  of  his 
rank.  Li  1780,  after  a  sojourn  at  Halifax,  he  settled  at  Wey- 
mouth, (or  Sissebou,)  Nova  Scotia,  where  he  became  a  Col- 
onel in  the  militia,  and  where  he  died,  in  1809,  aged  sixty-five. 

Moody,  John.  Of  New  Jersey.  Ho  was  a  brother  of 
James,  and  a  young  man  of  fearless  courage.  He  commanded 
the  party  that,  under  the  direction  of  his  brother,  seized  a 
Whig  mail  in  Pennsylvania.  He  was  also  engaged  in  the 
attempt  to  break  into  the  State-House  and  carry  off  the  book^ 
and  papers  of  the  Continental  Congress,  and  one  of  the  two 
who  were  made  prisoners.  He  was  tried  as  a  spy,  and  ex- 
ecuted at  Philadelphia,  November,  1781.  The  day  before  his 
-  death  he  wrote  his  brother  an  excellent  letter,  in  which  he 


VOL.    II. 


I,  I 


j  !*'  ■ 


..•■I' , 


I         i\ 


■'■!:  nil 


i-' 


HU 


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I*    I 


J. 


■  1 


/^liJ 


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98 


MOODY. 


■!!« 


A 


i 


I 


Si! 


!i  I 


1 


said  he  forgave  his  betrayer,  and  that,  since  his  sentence,  ho 
liad  employed  his  time  in  prayer.  lie  was  but  twenty-two 
years  of  age,  and  the  darling  son  of  his  aged  father,  who, 
overwhelmed  ^\  h  grief  at  first,  became,  finally,  hopelessly 
insane. 

Moody,  Bonnkll.  Of  Sussex  County,  New  Jersey. 
Leader  of  a  band  of  Tory  marauders.  It  is  said  that  he  was 
employed  to  obtain  recruits  for  the  Royal  Army,  and  to  act 
as  a  spy  upon  the  movements  of  the  Whigs.  His  place  of 
retreat  was  among  rocks  which  were  sheltered  by  a  thick 
growth  of  trees.  At  times  he  and  his  party  slept  in  the 
snoAs,  in  the  open  air,  wrapped  in  blankets.  His  depredations 
were  extensive  and  frequent.  He  robbed  houses  of  plate  and 
money,  and  of  whatever  else  he  had  need,  or  was  disposed  to 
carry  off.     He  was  untiring,  bold,  and  sagacious. 

Two  of  his  exploits  will  suffice  for  these  pages.  While  the 
Whig  Army  was  at  Morristown,  an  officer  who  was  drilling 
some  raw  recruits  saw  a  man  shabbily  dressed,  and  mounted 
on  an  old,  broken-down  horse,  pass  carelessly  along  the  lines, 
awkwardly  inquisitive,  and  seemingly  "  a  simple-hearted  and 
rather  softed-headed  rustic."  Suspicion  was  excited ;  one  of 
the  soldiers  thought  he  knew  the  face  ;  and  a  horseman  was 
soon  ordered  to  follow  him  and  brina  him  back.  As  he  came 
up.  Moody  shot  him  dead,  dragged  his  body  into  the  woods 
out  of  sight,  and  secreted  himself  in  a  contiguous  swamp. 
On  another  occasion  he  appeared  at  a  jail  at  midnight,  and 
penetrating  to  the  jailer's  bedside,  demanded  the  keys,  which, 
refused  at  first,  were  finally  surrendered.  He  unlocked  the 
doors,  set  the  prisoners  free,  —  of  who'  i  two  were  condemned 
to  death,  —  paraded  his  band  in  front  of  the  jail,  and  com- 
manded three  loud  cheers,  as  he  himself  proclaimed  a  general 
jail-delivery,  in  the  name  of  King  George  the  Third.  These, 
probably,  were  among  his  last  feats.  The  account  of  him  fur- 
ther is,  that,  in  attempting  to  cross  the  Hudson  to  join  the  Brit- 
ish in  New  York,  with  a  single  companion,  both  were  seized, 
conveyed  to  the  Whig  camp,  and  hung  as  traitors  and  spies. 

Moody,  John.    In  1776  he  embarked  at  Boston,  with  the 


MOORE. 


yy 


itritish  Army,  for  Halifax.  He  was  accompanied  by  John 
Moody,  Jr.,  and  by  his  family  of  tinoe  persons.  The  father 
or  son  was  Clerk  of  King's  C impel  ;  the  former  was  at  Hali- 
fax in  1779. 

MooHu,  Lambert.  Of  New  York.  He  was  a  lineal  de- 
scendant of  Sir  John  Moore,  who  was  knighted  by  Charles 
the  First,  and  was  educated  in  England.  During  the  Revo- 
lution he  was  a  Notary-Public,  and  an  officer  in  the  Super- 
intendent Department.  His  estate  was  confiscated.  He  re- 
moved to  Norwich,  Connecticut,  and  died  there  in  1784. 
His  wife  was  Elizabeth  Clmnning,  who  bore  him  twelve 
children.  One  of  his  sons,  Richard  Clmnning  Moore,  was 
Bishop  of  the  Diocese  of  Virginia  twenty-seven  years,  and 
died  in  1841,  aged  seventy-nine.  Lambert  Moore's  father, 
who  died  in  1749,  was  the  first  person  buried  in  Trinity 
Church-yard,  New  York. 

Moore,  Rev.  Benjamin,  D.  D.  Episcopal  Bishop  of 
New  York.  Born  at  Newtown,  Long  Island,  in  1748  ;  grad- 
uated at  King's  College ;  studied  theology  under  the  Rev. 
Dr.  Auchmuty,  of  Trinity  Church.  He  was  ordained  at 
Fulham,  England,  in  1774,  by  the  Bishop  of  London.  After 
his  return  he  was  employed  as  Assistant  Rector  for  several 
years.  In  1784  he  was  appointed  Professor  of  Logic  in  Col- 
umbia (formerly  King's)  College,  and  subsequently  was 
President  of  that  institution  ten  years.  In  1800  he  was 
chosen  Rector  of  Trinity  Church,  anrl  ihe  year  following  was 
consecrated  Bishop.  He  died  in  1816,  aged  sixty-seven. 
His  wife  was  Charity,  eldest  daughter  of  Major  Clarke,  of 
New  York,  to  whom  he  was  united,  March  20,  1778 ;  soon 
after  which  the  following  lines  appeared  in  a  Philadelphia 
newspaper :  — 

"  The  good  Parson  deserves  a  good  Clarke  : 
Such  happiness  had  in  store  : 
'T  was  Charity  blew  up  the  spark, 

And  fix'd  the  bright  flame  in  one  Moore." 

Mrs.  Moore  died  in  1838,  in  her  ninety-second  year.  She 
bore  him  one  child,  Clement  C,  who  graduated  at  Columbia 


•Ik 


i 

J.I 


1} 


i 


1  i     i ' 


'  ti 


I 


100 


MOORE. 


'*^! 


f     , 


(    I 


h. 


Collo^jo  in  170S,  and  who,  for  mnny  years  was  Professor  of 
Hebrew  in  the  Theological  Seminary  of  tlie  Episcopal  Church, 
New  York. 

MoouE,  William.  Of  Now  York.  Physician.  Ho  was 
born  on  Long  Island  in  i754,  and  received  the  rndiments  of 
a  classical  education  under  the  tuition  of  his  brother.  Bishop 
Moore.  He  went  to  London  in  1778.  and  thence  to  Edin- 
burgh. In  1780  ho  graduated  as  a  Doctor  of  Medicine,  and 
soon  after  returned  to  his  native  State.  Ho  rose  to  eminence 
by  the  force  of  personal  and  professional  merit.  He  contrib- 
uted to  the  "  American  Medical  Philosophical  Register,"  to 
the  "  New  York  Medical  Depository,"  and  to  the  "  New  York 
Medical  and  Physical  Journal "  ;  and  was  President  of  the 
Medical  Society  of  the  county  of  Now  York,  and  a  Trustee 
of  the  College  of  Physicians  and  Surgeons.  After  upwards  of 
forty  years  unremitting  practice.  Ire  died  in  1824,  aged  seventy. 
His  cases  in  the  department  of  midwifery  are  estimated  at 
about  three  thousand. 

Dr.  Francis,  Professor  of  Obstetrics  in  the  College,  said 
of  him,  soon  after  his  decease :  "  I  am  persuaded  that  I  do 
not  allow  feelings  of  personal  friendship  to  prevail  over  the 
decisions  of  the  severest  scrutiny,  when  I  assert  that  no  mem- 
ber of  our  profession  has  exhibited  in  his  life  and  conduct  a 
more  beautiful  example  of  the  dignity  and  benignant  lustre 
of  the  medical  character." 

Moore,  John.  Of  New  York.  Deputy  Collector  of  the 
Customs.  In  1776,  an  Addresser  of  Lord  and  Sir  William 
Howe. 

Moore,  John.  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  the  North  Carolina 
Loyalists.  He  joined  that  corps  late  in  1779,  and  in  the 
following  summer  returned  to  the  neighborhood  of  his  home, 
under  orders  from  Lord  CornwalHs  to  excite  the  loyalty  of 
the  people,  but  not  to  embody  a  force  until  after  harvest.  Ho 
disobeyed.  After  enlisting  about  two  hundred,  he  attempted 
to  surprise  a  party  of  Whigs,  and  failed.  The  battle  of  Ram- 
sour's  Mills  followed,  in  which  his  recruits  participated,  and 
suffered  severely.     With  thirty  of  the  survivors,  he  reached 


MOORE. 


101 


the  Royal  Army  at  Camden,  was  treated  with  disrespect  by 
the  British  officers,  and  tlireatcned  with  a  trial  by  court- 
martial,  for  disobedience,  and  the  consequences  of  it.  Lord 
Cornwallis  deplored  Moore's  conduct  years  afterward.  The 
Hon.  William  A.  Graham,  in  his  Address  before  the  New 
York  Historical  Society,  in  1852,  gave  an  account  of  the 
"  Tory  rising,"  in  1780,  ilir  too  interesting  to  be  omitted. 
He  said :  — 

"  Early  in  June,  the  militia  of  the  counties  of  Mecklen- 
burg and  Rowan,  comprehending  the  region  between  the 
Yadkin  and  Catawba,  who  had  so  early  and  so  constantly 
signalized  their  devotion  to  liberty,  were  ordered  out  under 
Brigadier  General  Rutherford,  to  oppose  the  triumphal  march 
of  the  British  General.  Scarcely  had  they  assembled  at  the 
place  of  rendezvous,  about  ten  miles  northeast  of  Charlotte, 
when  intelligence  arrived  of  an  assemblage  of  a  body  of  Loy- 
alists at  liamsour's  Mills,  some  forty  miles  distant,  beyond 
the  ('atawba,  in  the  county  of  Tryon,  and  witiiin  view  of  the 
present  village  of  Lincolnton.  Unwilling  to  weaken  the 
force  he  had  gathered  to  impede  the  advance  of  the  British 
Army,  General  Rutherford  despatched  orders  to  Colonel 
Francis  Locke,  of  Rowan,  and  other  faithful  officers,  to  col- 
lect the  available  force  of  their  several  neighborhoods,  and 
suppress  the  insurrection  at  the  •earliest  practicable  moment. 
It  appeared  that  one  John  Moore,  of  the  County  of  Tryon, 
(now  Lincoln,)  who  had  joined  the  enemy  in  South  Carolina 
the  preceding  winter,  had  recently  returned  dressed  in  a  tat- 
tered suit  of  British  uniform  with  a  sword,  and  announced 
himself  a  Lieutenant-Colonel  in  the  well-known  regiment  of 
North  Carolina  Loyalists,  commanded  by  Colonel  John 
Hamilton,  of  Halifax.  He  brought  detailed  accounts  of  the 
siege  and  surrender  of  Charleston,  and  an  authoritative  mes- 
sage from  Lord  Cornwallis  that  he  would  march  into  that 
section  as  soon  as  the  then  ripening  harvests  were  gathered, 
so  as  to  attbrd  a  support  for  his  army.  Very  soon  thereafter, 
Major  Nicholas  Welsh,  of  the  same  vicinity,  who  had  been 
in  the  British  service  for  eighteen  months,  and  bore  a  Major's 
9* 


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102 


MOORE. 


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■ 


commission  in  the  same  regiment,  also  returned,  with  splendid 
official  equipments  and  a  purse  of  gold,  which  was  ostenta- 
tiously displayed  to  his  admiring  associates,  with  artful 
speeches  in  aid  of  the  cause  he  had  embraced.  He  also  gave 
the  first  information  of  Burford's  defeat,  and  represented  that 
all  resistance  on  the  part  of  the  Whigs  would  now  be  hopeless. 
Under  these  leaders  then  was  collected,  in  a  few  days,  a 
force  of  thirteen  liundred  men,  who  were  encamped  in  an 
advantageoiis  position,  preparatory  to  their  being  marched  to 
effect  a  junction  with  the  British  in  South  Carolina. 

Colonel  Locke,  and  the  other  officers  who  had  received  the 
orders  of  General  Rutherford,  already  referred  to,  proceeded 
to  execute  them  with  the  utmost  alacrity  and  promptitude. 
In  less  than  five  days  they  levied  their  several  quotas,  and, 
crossing  the  Catawba  at  various  fords,  effected  a  junction, 
within  sixteen  miles  of  the  camp  of  the  Royalists,  on  the 
19th  of  June,  with  three  hundred  and  fifty  men.  At  sunrise 
the  next  morning,  with  this  unequal  force,  and  without  any 
chief  commander  or  understood  arrangements  of  battle,  ex- 
cept that  three  companies  of  horse,  which  constituted  their 
cavalry,  should  go  in  front,  they  assaulted  the  camp  of  the 
Tories,  containing,  as  already  mentioned,  thirteen  hundred 
men,  and,  after  a  well-sustained  and  bloody  engagement  of 
an  hour,  compelled  them  to  retreat.  The  particulars  of  this 
action,  did  time  permit  us  to  recur  to  them,  are  of  miich 
interest.  Blood  relatives  and  familiar  acquaintances  fought 
in  the  opposing  ranks,  and,  when  the  smoke  of  the  battle  oc- 
casionally cleared  away,  recognized  each  other  in  the  conflict 
—  the  Tories  wearing  their  well-known  badge  of  a  green  pine 
twig  in  front  of  the  hat,  and  the  Whigs  a  similar  badge  of 
white  paper,  which  was  in  some  instances  taken  as  a  mark  by 
the  enemy,  and  occasioned  the  wearers  to  be  shot  in  the  head. 
Th  e  were  the  only  means  of  distinguishing  the  two  parties 
in  the  action,  in  which  neighbor  met  neighbor  in  deadly 
strife,  with  the  rifles  carried  in  hunting,  and  in  the  use  of 
which  weapon  one  hundred  men  on  either  side  were  as  expert 
and  unerring  as  any  like  number  of  Kentuckians  in  the  time 


one. 


m 


u 


MOORE.— MOREY. 


108 


of  Boone.  Seventy  men,  including  five  Whig  and  four  Tory 
captains,  were  left  dead  on  the  field,  and  more  than  two 
hundred  were  wounded,  the  loss  being  shared  about  equally 
by  the  respective  sides."  He  added  that :  "  For  daring 
courage  on  the  part  of  the  Whig  assailants,  considering  that 
the  enemy  outnumbered  them  in  the  proportion  of  five  to 
one,  and  had  great  advantage  in  position,  it  is  sui'passed  by 
few  events  of  the  war ;  and  as  a  chastisement  and  a  check 
upon  the  rising  and  excellent  spirit  of  the  Loyalists  over  the 
recent  disasters  to  our  arms  in  South  Carolina,  the  result  was 
of  the  same  nature,  and  almost  equal  in  its  salutary  effects,  to 
the  victory  of  Coswell  and  Lillingtonj  at  Moore's  Creek 
Bridge,  four  years  preceding. 

The  Whigs  attaiiited  Moore  of  treason,  and  confiscated  his 
estate. 

Moore,  John.  Of  Massachusetts.  In  1776  he  embarked 
at  Boston,  with  the  British  Army,  for  Halifax.  The  dieath 
of  a  Loyalist  of  this  name  occurred  on  the  river  St.  John, 
about  the  year  1790.  He  was  supposed,  by  one  who  remem- 
bers him,  to  have  been  a  native  of  New  England. 

More,  John.  Of  Tryon,  (now  Montgomery,)  County, 
New  York.  He  was  a  soldier,  and  served  under  Sir  John 
Johnson,  and  was  living  in  1838,  to  relate  his  adventures  and 
those  of  the  corps  to  which  he  belonged. 

Morehouse,  John.  Of  Connecticut.  A  member  of  the 
Reading  Association.  He  settled  in  Nova  Scotia,  and  at  his 
decease  was  one  of  the  oldest  magistrates  in  the  Colony.  He 
died  on  Digby  Neck,  in  1839,  aged  seventy-eight. 

Morehouse,  Daniel.  Of  Connecticut.  A  member  of 
the  Reading  Association.  He  became  an  officer  in  the 
Queen's  Rangers,  and  retired  at  the  close  of  the  war  on  half- 
pay.  He  went  to  New  Brunswick,  and  was  a  magistrate, 
and  a  major  in  the  militia.  He  died  in  the  county  of  York, 
in  1835,  aged  seventy-seven. 

MoREY,  Israel.  Of  Orford,  New  Hampshire.  In  1776, 
elected  to  the  Assembly,  but  expelled  by  the  Whigs  as  dis- 
affected ;  great  excitement  followed. 


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104 


MORGAN  AN.  —  MORRIS. 


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MoRGANAN,  William.  Of  Pennsylvania.  In  1778  he 
was  tried  on  a  charge  of  holding  intercourse  with  the  Royal 
forces,  and  for  other  offences ;  and  was  sentenced  to  be  kept 
at  hard  labor  during  the  war,  not  less  than  thirty  miles  from 
the  British  camp,  and  to  suffer  death  if  caught  making  his 
escape. 

MoRGRiDGE,  John.  Of  South  Carolina.  In  October, 
1776,  in  prison  in  Charleston.  Went  to  England.  In  Lon- 
don, 1779. 

MoRLAN,  Richard.  Of  Virginia.  In  1776  he  was 
summoned  before  the  V/hig  Committee  of  Loudon  County ; 
he  appeared  and  was  heard  in  his  defence.  The  charge 
against  him  was  proved,  and,  thereupon  ordered,  that  he  be 
published  as  an  enemy  to  American  rights  and  liberties,  in  the 
"  Virginia  Gazette." 

Morrill, .     Of  Long  Island,  New  York.     Among 

the  Addressers  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Sterling  of  the  Forty- 
second  Regiment,  April,  1779,  were  John  Morrell,  Richard, 
James,  Jonathan,  Abraham  senior,  and  Abraham  junior. 
John  Morrell,  a  Loyalist,  died  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick, 
in  1817,  aged  sixty-nine  ;  probably  one  of  the  above. 

Morris,  Roger.  Of  New  York.  He  was  born  in  Eng- 
land in  1727  ;  entered  the  Army  as  Captain,  in  1745  ;  served 
under  Braddock  and  Lord  Loudoun,  and  wtas  at  Quebec  with 
Wolfe.  He  was  promoted  to  a  Lieutenant-Colonel  in  1760 ; 
sold  his  commission  in  1764 ;  settled  in  New  York,  and  was  a 
member  of  the  Council.  In  1758  1)3  married  Mary,  daugh- 
ter of  Frederick  Phillips,  who,  a?  js  said,  is  the  original  of 
"  Frances,"  in  Cooper's  "  Spy."  At  the  Revolutionary  era, 
part  of  the  Phillips  estate  was  in  possession  of  Colonel  Mor- 
ris, in  right  of  his  wife,  and  was  confiscated  ;  and,  that  the 
whole  interest  should  pass  under  the  Act,  Mrs.  Morris  was 
included  in  the  attainder.  It  is  believed  that  this  lady,  her 
sister  Mrs.  Robinson,  and  Mrs.  Inglis,  were  the  only  females 
who  were  attainted  of  treason  during  the  struggle.  But  it 
appeared  in  due  time  that  the  Confiscation  Act  did  not  affect 
the  rights  of  Mrs.  Morris's  children.     The  fee-simple  of  the 


MORRIS. 


105 


«•'■( 


estate  was  valued  by  the  British  Government  at  j620,000  ; 
and,  by  tlie  rules  of  determining  the  worth  of  life-interests, 
those  of  Colonel  Morris  and  his  wife  were  fixed  at  £12,605, 
for  which  sum  they  received  a  certificate  of  compensation. 

In  1787  the  Attorney-General  of  England  examined  the 
case,  and  gave  the  opinion  that  the  reversion  (or  property  of 
the  children  at  the  decease  of  the  parents)  was  not  included 
in  their  attainder,  and  was  recoverable  under  the  principles  of 
law  and  of  right.  In  the  year  1809,  their  son,  Captain  Henry 
Gage  Morris,  of  the  Royal  Navy,  in  behalf  of  himself  and  his 
two  sisters,  accordingly  sold  this  reversionary  interest  to  John 
Jacob  Astor,  of  New  York,  for  the  sum  of  .£20,000  sterling. 
In  1828  Mr.  Astor  made  a  compromise  with  the  State  of 
New  York,  by  which  he  received  for  the  rights  thus  pur- 
chased by  him  (with  or  without  associates)  the  large  amount 
of  five  hundred  thousand  dollars.  The  terms  of  the  arrange- 
ment required  that,  within  a  specified  time,  he  should  execute 
a  deed  of  conveyance  in  fee-simple,  with  warranty  against 
the  claims  of  the  Morrises,  —  husband  and  wife,  —  their  heirs, 
and  all  persons  claiming  under  them ;  and  that  he  should  also 
obtain  the  judgment  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  United 
States,  affirming  tlie  validity  and  perfectibility  of  his  title. 
These  conditions  were  complied  with,  and  the  respectable 
body  of  farmers,  who  held  the  confiscated  lands  under  titles 
derived  from  the  sales  of  the  Commissioners  of  Forfeitures, 
were  thus  quieted  in  their  possessions.  The  furniture  and 
plate  of  Colonel  Morris  were  sold  at  auction,  at  New  York, 
May,  1783.  He  went  to  England,  and  died  there,  in  1794, 
aged  sixty-seven.  Mary,  his  widow,  survived  until  1825, 
and  to  the  ago  of  ninety-six.  The  remains  of  both  were  de- 
posited near  Saviour-gate  Church,  York.  Their  son,  above 
mentioned,  erected  a  monument  to  their  memory.  It  is 
understood  that  the  British  Government  made  them  a  second 
compensation  for  their  losses,  and  that  the  whole  sum  received 
was  X17,000  sterling.  Their  children  were  as  follows: 
Henry  Gage,  a  Captain  in  the  Royal  Navy  ;  Amherst,  who 
was  named  for  his  godfather.  Lord  Amherst,  was  also  a  Cap- 


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106 


MORRIS. 


tain  in  tl  e  Royal  Navy,  and  who  died,  unmarried,  in  1802  ; 
Joanna,  who  married  Captain  Thomas  Cowper  Hincks,  of  the 
Britisli  Dragoons,  and  who  died  in  1810;  and  Maria,  who 
died,  unmarried,  in  1836.  To  the  memory  of  Captain 
Amherst  Morris  there  is  a  monument  at  Baildon,  Eng- 
land. Of  Captain  Henry  Gage  Morris  honorable  mention 
is  made  in  the  British  Naval  History.  Of  Mrs.  Morris's 
early  life  there  is  a  most  interesting  incident.  That  Wash- 
ington had  some  desire  to  become  her  suitor,  is  a  fact  which 
rests  on  the  highest  authority. 

In  Mr.  Sparks's  Life  of  the  illustrious  CommandeMn-Chief, 
there  is  the  following  passage :  "  While  in  New  York,"  in 
1750,  Washington  "  was  lodged  and  kindly  entertained  at  the 
house  of  Mr.  Beverley  Robinson,  between  whom  and  himself 
an  intimacy  of  friendship  subsisted,  which,  indeed,  continued 
without  change  till  severed  by  their  opposite  fortunes,  twenty 
years  afterwards,  in  the  Revolution.  It  happened  that  Miss 
Mary  Phillips,  a  si'-^er  of  Mrs.  Robinson,  and  a  young  lady 
of  rare  accomplishments,  was  an  inmate  in  the  family.  The 
charms  of  this  lady  made  a  deep  impression  upon  the  heart  of 
the  Virginia  Colonel.  He  went  to  Boston,  returned,  and  was 
again  welcomed  to  the  hospitality  of  Mr.  Robinson.  He 
lingered  there  till  duty  called  him  away  ;  but  he  was  careful 
to  entrust  his  secret  to  a  confidential  friend,  whose  letters  kept 
him  informed  of  every  important  event.  In  a  few  months 
intelligence  came  that  a  rival  was  in  the  field,  and  that  the 
consequences  could  not  be  answered  for,  if  he  delayed  to 
renew  his  visits  to  New  York.  Whether  time,  the  bustle  of 
the  camp,  or  the  scenes  of  war,  had  moderated  his  admiration, 
or  whether  he  despaired  of  success,  is  not  known.  He  never 
saw  the  lady  again  till  she  was  married  to  that  same  rival, 
Captain  Morris,  his  former  associate  in  arms,  and  one  of 
Braddock's  aides-de-camp."  In  an  English  work,  shown  to  me 
by  Mrs.  Morris's  relatives  in  New  Brunswick,  it  is  stated  that 
she  refused  Washington.  But  this  is  very  doubtful ;  and  the 
passage  just  cited,  which  is  founded  upon  Washington's 
papers,  seems  to  utterly  disprove  the  assertion.     Imagination 


MORRIS. 


107 


dwells  upon  the  outlawry  of  a  lady  whose  beauty  and  virtues 
won  the  admiration  of  the  great  Whig  Chief.  Humanity  is 
shocked  that  a  woman  was  attainted  of  treason,  for  no  crime 
but  that  of  clinging  to  the  fortunes  of  the  husband  whom  she 
had  vowed  on  the  altar  of  religion  never  to  deser..  The 
country-seat  of  Colonel  Morris,  which  became  the  head- 
quarters of  Washington,  "  is  still  standing,  (18G1,)  about  ten 
miles  from  the  city,  and  is  well  known  as  the  residence  of 
Madame  Jumel,  the  widow  of  Aai'on  Burr."  Did  the  Com- 
mander-in-Chief muse  upon  the  past,  and  remember  his  love 
for  Mary  Phillips  ? 

There  is  a  beautiful  portrait  of  Mrs.  Morris  at  Philips- 
town,  in  the  Highlands,  which  represents  the  youthful  heroine 
in  all  her  native  loveliness.  It  is  in  the  possession  of  her 
namesake  and  grandniece,  Mary  Phillips,  widow  of  the  late 
Samuel  Gouverneur,  Esq.* 

Morris,  John.  Of  Charleston,  South  Carolina.  Comp- 
troller of  the  Customs.  On  account  of  his  impaired  health, 
November,  1775,  he  was  permitted  "  to  pass  and  repass  to  his 
Island"  during  the  pleasure  of  the  Provincial  Congress,  on 
condition  of  parole  to  keep  away  from  the  King's  ships.  A 
Loyalist  at  St.  Augustine,  who  was  place-hunting,  wrote  to  a 
friend  in  Boston,  at  this  precise  time :  "  There  can  be  no 
vacancy  in  Carolina  but  from  the  death  or  removal  of  Mr. 
Morris,  the  Comptroller.  He  is  old,  and  willing  to  retire,  but 
he  is  also  hearty  ;  and  a  resignation,  your  brother  says,  is 
not  to  be  effected  in  my  favor."  Mr.  Morris  went  to  Eng- 
land,  and  died  there  in  1778. 

Morris,  Johx.  Colonel  in  the  New  Jersey  Volunteers. 
In  1777  he  was  sent  by  Sir  William  Howe  to  destroy  the  salt 
works  at  Tom's  River  Bridge ;  but  when  informed  that  the 
property  was  private,  in  part,  he  declined  to  comply  with  his 
orders. 

1  In  a  conversation  with  a  grandnephew  of  Mrs.  Morris,  I  remarked : 
"Her  fate,  how  different,  had  she  married  Washington ! "  He  replied 
instantly  :  "  You  mistake,  sir :  my  aunt  Morris  had  immense  influence 
over  everybody  ;  and,  had  she  become  the  wife  of  the  Leader  in  the  Re- 
bellion which  cost  our  family  millions,  he  would  not  have  been  a  Traitor ; 
she  would  have  prevented  that,  be  assured,  sir." 


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108 


11 


MORKIS.  — MORSE. 


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MoRHis,  Theodore.  In  England  in  1779,  and  directed 
to  testify  before  Parliament,  on  the  inquiry  into  the  conduct 
of  Sir  William  Howe  and  General  Burgoyne  while  in  Amer- 
ica, but  was  not  examined. 

Morris,  David.  Died  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  in 
1817,  aged  sixty-six  years. 

Morrison,  John.  Of  New  Hampshire.  He  was  ordained 
at  Peterborough  in  1766.  In  1772  the  connection  was  dis- 
solved, when  he  visited  Charleston,  South  Carolina.  After 
his  return,  in  1775,  he  joined  the  Army  at  Cambridge,  but 
went  over  to  the  Crown  immediately  after  the  battle  of 
Bunker's  Hill,  and  was  appointed  to  a  place  in  the  Commis- 
sary Department.  In  September,  1775,  as  relates  "  Draper's 
Gazette,"  he  "  received  a  call  to  the  elegant  new  church  in 
Brattle  Street,  vacated  by  the  flight  of  Doctor  Cooper."  His 
first  sermon  "  was  excellent,  and  delivered  to  a  genteel  audi- 
ence," and  he  designed  "  to  show  the  fatal  consequences  of 
•sowing  sedition  and  conspiracy  among  parishioners,  which 
this  pulpit  has  been  most  wickedly  practising  ever  since  the 
corner-stone  was  laid."  In  1778  he  was  proscribed  and 
banished  under  the  Act  of  New  Hampshire.  He  died  at 
Charleston,  South  Carolina,  at  the  close  of  the  year  1782. 
His  wife  was  Sarah  Ferguson,  of  Peterborough.  Mrs.  Morri- 
son was  living  in  1822.  His  son  John  died  in  1794,  aged 
twentv-eight,  soon  after  his  return  from  Jamaica. 

Morrison,  Am-xander.  Captain  in  the  North  Carolina 
Volunteers.  He  was  a  native  of  Scotland,  and  emigrated  to 
North  Carolina  after  the  suppression  of  the  Rebellion  in 
1745.  After  the  peace  of  1783  he  returned  to  his  nattve 
land,  and  diod  at  Greenock,  in  1805,  in  his  eighty-eight  year. 
He  assisted  McPherson  in  translating  and  editing  "  Ossian." 

Morrison,  John.  Of  Virginia.  Planter.  Went  to 
England,  and  died  there  in  1777. 

Morrow,  Colonel  .      Of  Boston.      He   was    in 

England  in  1776,  and  in  1788  a  Loyalist  Refugee ;  and  was 
a  pensioner  ot  the  British  Government. 

Morse,  Rev.  Ebenezer.  Of  Boylston,  Massachusetts. 
Congregational  minister.     Graduated  at  Harvard  University 


'     N 


MORTON.  — MOSES. 


109 


in  1737.  He  was  compelled  to  leave  liis  flock,  on  account  of 
liis  political  sentiments,  previous  to  the  beginning  of  the  year 
1780.  After  quitting  his  pulpit,  he  supported  his  family  for  a 
time  by  practising  medicine  and  fitting  boys  for  college.  The 
late  Re .-.  Dr.  Thaddeus  M.  Harris  was  one  of  his  pupils.  He 
died  in  1802,  aged  eighty-four. 

Morton,  Alkxandkh.  A  grantee  of  St.  John,  New 
Bnmswick,  in  1783. 

Morton,  Lkmuei,.  Of  Massachusetts.  Settled  in  Nova 
Scotia,  and  was  a  magistrate,  and  a  Major  in  the  militia. 
He  died  at  Cornwallis,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1811. 

MosELEY,  Rev.  RicHAun.  A  missionary  of  the  Society 
for  the  Propagation  of  the  Gospel.  In  1772  he  was  presented 
by  the  Grand  Jury  at  Litchfield,  Connecticut,  "  for  marrying 
a  couple  belonging  to  his  parish  after  the  banns  were  duly 
published  and  consent  of  parents  obtained."  The  Court  im- 
posed a  fine  of  £20  for  the  offence,  on  the  ground  that  the 
Bishop  of  London  had  no  authority  to  license  him  to  officiate 
as  a  clergyman  in  Connecticut,  because  t?iat  was  a  govern- 
ment under  a  charter.  He  accordingly  removed  to  Johns- 
town, New  York,  (under  the  patronage  of  Sir  William  John- 
son,) the  same  year,  and  remained  there  until  1774.  From 
a  letter  of  the  Baronet  to  the  Rev.  Dr.  Burton,  dated  October 
2, 1772,  it  appears  that  Mr.  Moseley  had  "  lately  come  to  this 
continent  in  a  man-of-war,"  and  that  he  was  "  a  good  kind 
of  man." 

Moseley,  Ihaac.  Of  Connecticut.  Physician.  He  grad- 
uated at  Yale  College  in  1762,  and  while  in  the  practice  of 
his  profession,  represented  the  town  of  Glastenbury  in  the 
General  Assembly.  Ho  published  a  medical  treatise  which 
was  held  in  repiite.  His  adherence  to  the  side  of  the  Crown 
was  very  decided.  He  went  to  England  during  the  war,  and 
died  there  in  1806. 

Moses,  John.  Of  Simsbury,  Connecticut.  Accused  of 
enmity  to  the  Whig  cause,  by  the  Grand  Jurors  of  that  town, 
he  was  examined  by  a  Court  of  Inquiry  composed  of  the 
Selectmen   and  Committee  of  Inspection,  July,  1776,  and 

VOL.  II.  10 


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MOSSMAN.  —  MOULTRIE. 


ordered  to  surrender  his  arms,  and  to  recognize  to  appear 
before  the  Superior  Court  for  trial. 

MossMAN,  Jamks.  Of  Georgia.  In  the  effort  to  reestab- 
lish the  Royal  Government,  in  1770,  he  was  appointed  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Council. 

MoTT,  Jacoh  S.  After  the  war,  he  was  King's  Printer  for 
New  Brunswick.  He  established  a  paper  called  "  The  St. 
John  Gazette  and  General  Advertiser."  He  died  at  St.  John, 
in  1814,  aged  forty-one.  Ann,  his  widow,  died  at  Brooklyn, 
New  York,  in  1861,  aged  eighty-seven. 

MoTT.  In  1780,  Joseph  and  John,  of  Queen's  County, 
New  York,  assisted  in  the  capture  of  the  Whig  privateer 
Revenue.  During  the  war,  William  Mott,  of  Great  Neck, 
was  robbed  and  much  beaten  ;  and  Adam  Mott,  (father  of 
Samuel,)  of  Cow  Neck,  was  also  visited  by  a  party  of  marau- 
ders. 

Moultrie,  John.  Of  South  Carolina.  Lieut.-Governor 
of  Florida.  At  the  solicitation  of  Governor  Grant,  he  left 
his  native  Colony  and  settled  in  Florida ;  where,  by  the  influ- 
ence of  his  patron,  he  occupied  the  second  place  in  the  Gov- 
ernment. He  was  sufficiently  loyal.  Among  the  papera  in 
the  possession  of  Moses  Kirkland,  when  he  was  captured  and 
carried  to  Boston,  was  a  letter  fi'om  Moultrie  to  Grant,  ni 
which  he  said :  "  By  our  steady  attachment  to  the  mother 
country,  we  are  become  an  eyesore  to  our  sister  colonies,  par- 
ticularly to  our  foolish  young  sisters  Georgia  and  Carolina ; 
they  threatened,  and  have  done  everything  in  their  power,  to 
starve  us."  Again  :  "  The  Southern  people  are  madder  than 
the  Northern,  though  I  believe  not  such  great  rogues,"  &c. 
Still  again  :  "  I  hope  soon  to  see  order  drawn  out  of  confusion, 
and  restored,  and  that  good  men  may  escape ;  but  that  every 
rogue  and  vile  fool,  and  every  violent  opposer,  may  meet  with 
their  full  and  just  reward."  General  William  Moultrie,  who 
so  gallantly  defended  Sullivan's  Island,  and  defeated  the  Brit- 
ish fleet  under  Sir  Peter  Parker,  was  his  brother.  John 
Moultrie  was  eminent  for  literature  and  medical  science ;  and 
the  first  Carolinian  who  obtained  a  medical  degree  from  the 
University  of  Edinburgh. 


iU? 


MOUNT.  — MUNN. 


Ill 


Mount,  John.  Went  to  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  at 
the  peace,  and  was  a  grantee  of  tliat  city.  He  removed  to 
Lancaster,  in  that  Province,  but  died  while  at  St.  John,  in 
1819,  aged  fifty-seven. 

MuiR,  James.  Of  New  York.  At  the  peace,  accompa- 
nied by  his  family  of  three  persona,  he  went  from  New  York 
to  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  where  the  Crown  granted  him  one 
farm,  one  town,  and  one  water  h)t.  He  died  at  Shelburne 
about  the  year  180.5,  leaving  several  children,  some  of  whom 
are  now  (18(51)  living  there. 

MiiiR,  Geougk.  Of  Virginia.  Went  to  England.  He 
was  an  Addresser  of  the  Kinor  in  1779. 

MiTiRsoN,  Geouge.  Of  New  York.  Estate  confiscated. 
Probably  went  to  England.  His  oldest  son.  Dr.  James  De 
Lancey  Muirson,  died  in  London  in  1791. 

MuLLENOX,  Thomas.  Of  West  Chester  County,  New 
York.  A  "  Cow-boy,"  or  one  of  De  Lancey's  corps.  Tried, 
after  the  peace,  for  an  offence  committed  while  in  service,  and 
fined  £10  and  costs.  He  stated  the  facts  to  the  British  Con- 
sul, and  prayed  to  be  relieved ;  since,  if  that  judgment  should 
be  enforced,  other  suits  for  similar  acts  would  follow,  to  his 
great  injury.     The  papers  were  laid  before  Congress. 

MuiXENS,  Thomas.  Blacksmith,  of  Leominster,  Massa- 
chusetts. Was  proscribed  and  banished  in  1778.  A  Loyal- 
ist of  this  name  was  a  grantee  of,  and  died  at,  St.  John,  New 
Brunswick,  in  1799,  at  the  age  of  fifty-four ;  and  administra- 
tion was  granted  on  his  estate  the  following  year. 

MuLLHYNE,  John.  Of  Georgia.  Member  of  the  House 
of  Assembly.  In  the  effort  to  reestablish  the  Royal  Govern- 
ment, in  1779,  he  was  appointed  a  Judge. 

MuNDAY,  Nathaniel.  In  1782  he  was  an  officer  in  the 
Queen's  Rangers.  He  was  in  New  Brunswick  after  the  Rev- 
olution, and  received  half-pay  ;  but  left  that  Colony,  and,  as 
is  believed,  went  to  Canada. 

MuNN.  Three,  each  with  a  family,  went  to  Shelburne, 
Nova  Scotia,  in  1783,  and  received  grants  of  land  :  namely, 
Benjamin,  of  Boston  ;  John,  of  Philadelphia ;  and  Ai.ex- 


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MUNRO.  — MURRAY. 


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ANDKR,  a  merolmnt  of  ''Carolina,"  whose  losses,  ns  a  Loyal- 
ist, were  ^£2700. 

MxJNRO,  Rev.  Hauhy.  An  Episcopal  minister.  Ho  gradu- 
ated at  the  University  of  St.  Andrews,  and  studied  divinity  in 
Edinburgh.  In  lliil  he  was  admitted  to  orders  in  the  Kirk 
of  Scotland,  and  appointed  Chaplain  in  the  Army.  He  came 
to  America  with  his  regiment  in  1759,  and  after  the  peace 
was  at  Princeton,  New  Jersey.  He  embraced  Episcopacy, 
and  in  1764  went  to  England  to  receive  orders.  The  Society 
for  the  Propagation  of  the  (iospel  gave  him  the  api)ointment 
to  St.  John's  Church,  Vonkers,  New  York.  In  1708  he  took 
charge  of  St.  Peter's,  Albany ;  and  in  1773,  King's  College 
conferred  the  degree  of  A.  M.  In  1775  he  resigned  his  j)as- 
toral  care,  and  retired  to  Hebron,  New  York,  where  he  owned 
land.  He  applied  to  the  Whig  Committee  of  Albany  for 
leave  to  go  to  New  Jersey  or  Pennsylvania ;  but,  considered 
"an  enemy  to  the  liberties  of  America,"  he  was  I'efused. 
Subsequently,  however,  he  was  allowed  to  remove  to  Canada. 
At  the  close  of  the  Revolution  ho  returned  to  Scotland,  and 
become  Rector  of  a  church  in  Edinburgh.  He  died  in  1801, 
aged  seventy-one  years.  His  grandfather  was  Laird  of  Killi- 
choan.  His  first  wife  was  the  widow  of  an  officer  of  the  Sev- 
enty-seventh Regiment  of  Foot ;  his  second,  a  Miss  Stockton, 
of  the  distinguished  family  of  that  name  in  New  Jersey  ;  and 
his  third.  Eve,  eldest  daughter  of  Chief  Justice  John  Jay. 
Eve,  his  widow,  survived  until  1810.  His  son,  Peter  Jay 
Munro,  was  a  distinguished  member  of  the  New  York  bar, 
and  died  in  1833,  aged  sixty-six. 

MuRELL,  Joseph.  Of  Pennsylvania.  He  was  tried  in 
1778,  on  the  charges  of  giving  intelligence,  and  of  acting  as 
a  guide  to  the  enemy.  He  was  convicted  of  the  latter,  and 
sentenced  to  immediate  death.  His  execution  was  subse- 
quently postponed,  and  probably  he  finally  escaped  the  pen- 
alty. 

Murray,  Lindley.  Of  New  York.  The  celebrated 
Grammarian.  He  was  born  near  Lancaster,  Pennsylvania, 
in  1745,  of  Quaker  parents.     His  father,  from  owning  a  flour- 


MURRAY. 


118 


mill,  became  one  of  the  most  respectable  mercliants  of  Amer- 
ica, and   in   llftii  settled  at  Now  York.     LindK'y  desired  to 
stndy  law,  but  his  wish  was  opposed,  and  he  entered  his  father's 
counting-room,  and  commenced  preparing  himself  for  com- 
mercial life.     But  mercantile  ])ursuits  proved  so  disagreeable 
that  he  appealed  to  his  father,  a  second  time,  to  be  allowed  to 
adopt  the  profession  of  the  law.     The  parent  yielded,  and  he 
was  placed  in  the  office  of  Benjamin  Kissam,  where  for  about 
two  years  he  was  the  fellow-student  of  the  illustrious  John  Jay. 
After  four  years'  study,  he  was  called  to  the  bar,  and  met  with 
success ;  but  his  practice  was  interrupted  by  a  voyage  to  Eng- 
land on  account  of  his  father's  affairs  and  health.     In  1771  he 
returned  to  New  York,  and  resumed  the  law.     His  business 
was  very  successful,  and  continued  to  increase,  until  the  Rev- 
olutionary controversy  reached  a  crisis.     He  was  in  a  feeble 
state  of  health  at  the  time  of  the  suspension  of  proceedings  in 
the  Courts,  and  retired  fi'om  the  city  to  Long  Island,  where 
he  made  preparations,  at  a  considerable  expense,  to  begin  the 
manufacture  of  salt ;  but  Long  Island  soon  after  fell  into  the 
possession  of  the  Royal  Army,  and  the  enterprise  was  aban- 
doned, as  salt  could  then  be  freely  imported  from  England. 
Dissatisfied  at  length  with  his  inactive  life,  and  desirous   to 
make  provision  for  his  family,  he  returned  to  the  city,  which 
was  also  occupied  by  the  British  troops,  and  embarked  in  com- 
merce.    He  continued  in  Now  York  until  about  the  conclu- 
sion of  the  war,  and  accumulated  an  ample  fortune.     Retiring 
from  business,  he  pui'chased  a  country-seat  at  Bellevue,  three 
miles  from  the  city,  where  he  remained  until  near  the  close  of 
1784,  when  he  embarked  for  England.     His  attachment  to 
the  home  of  his  fathers,  he  said,  "  was  founded  on  many  pleas- 
ing associations.     In  particular,  I  had  strong  prepossessions  In 
favor  of  a  residence  in  England,  because  I  was  ever  partial  to 
its  political  constitution,  and  the  mildness  and  wisdom  of  its 
general   system   of  laws."      .      .      .     .     "  On    leaving   my 
native  country,  there  was  not,  therefore,  any  land  on  which  I 
could  cast  my  eyes  with  so  much  pleasure  ;  nor  is  there  any 
which  could  have  afforded  me  so  much  real  satisfaction  as  I 
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MUIIUAY. 


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Imvc  found  in  Great  Hritain.  May  its  political  fabric,  which 
has  stood  thu  tost  of  ages,  and  K)ng  attracted  the  admiration 
of  the  vvorUI,  bo  supported  and  perpetuated  by  Divine  Prov- 
idence." 

He  established  his  residence  at  Holdgate,  near  the  city  of 
York.  In  17H7  he  published  his  first  work,  "  The  Power  of 
Religion  on  the  Mind,"  which  met  with  favor.  Having 
been  often  solicited  to  compose  a  Grammar  of  the  English 
Language,  he  finally  consented  to  undertake  the  task,  and  in 
1705  gave  the  world  the  fruit  of  his  labors.  A  second  edition 
was  immediately  called  for,  and  "  Murray's  Granunar  "  soon 
became  a  standard  work.  Encouraged  to  continue  his  literary 
career,  he  composed  his  *'  Exercises  and  Key,"  and  published 
both  in  1797  ;  and  in  the  same  year  ho  made  an  "  Abridgment 
of  the  Grammar."  His  "  English  Reader,  the  Introduction, 
and  the  Seciuel,"  soon  followed,  as  did  his  '*  Spelling  Book." 
For  these  publications  he  was  liberally  paid  by  the  booksell- 
ers of  London,  to  whom  ho  sold  the  copyrights.  From  1809 
until  his  decease,  a  period  of  more  than  s^ixteen  years,  he  was 
wholly  confined  to  his  house,  except  thai  during  this  time  he 
took  an  occasional  airing.  His  pli}sical  debility  was  very 
great,  and  for  years  his  infirmities  did  not  allow  him  to  rise  from 
his  scat.  His  mental  powers  were,  in  a  good  measure,  unim- 
paired to  the  last.  He  died  in  1826,  in  the  eighty-first  year 
of  his  age.  He  was  an  excellent  man.  "  His  life  and  death 
were  V<  ssed,  and  his  memory  is  blessed."  "  His  literary 
works  and  his  good  deeds  are  a  lasting  memorial  of  him." 
His  integrity  and  truthfulness  were  unimpeachable.  His 
benevolence  --vas  universal.  He  was  hospitable  and  generouj, 
mild,  attectlonate,  and  kind.  In  a  word,  he  was  a  true  Chi  s- 
tian.  In  person  he  was  tall  and  stout.  His  appearance  wu^ 
prepossessing,  his  features  regular,  his  manners  and  address 
courteous.  ''  Some  liave  said,  after  their  first  introduction  to 
him,  that  his  "npct  and  demeanor,  together  with  the  purity 
and  sanctity  ci  h:j  cha»'ftcter,  rfcalled  io  their  minds  the  idea 
of  the  apostles  mm  oti.  -r  holy  n.en  "  of  t'le  early  ages  of  Chris- 
tianity. Mr.  Murrs'/  was  a  m  Muber  of  the  Society  of  Quak- 
ers, or  Friencd ;  and  his  remains  were  interred  at  York,  in 


MURRAY. 


115 


tlio  burying-f^round  of  that  coininiinion.  Ili<!  wife,  with 
whom  ho  lived  iipwiinls  of  fifty-cij^ht  vcnrs,  surviveU  ))im, 
and  died  at  Ilohlgato,  in  18IU,  aged  eighty-Mix. 

MuKHAY,  John.  Of  Rutland,  Massachusetts.  IIo  was  a 
Colonel  in  the  militia,  for  many  years  a  member  of  the  (Jen- 
eral  Court,  md  in  1774  was  appointed  a  Mandamus  Couiiril- 
lor,  but  \\;i^  i\\jt.  sworn  into  office.  A  party  of  about  hvc 
bundled,  >vu)i  tl;.)  Worcester  Committee  of  Correspondence, 
repaired  tn  lluti md,  to  ask  Colonel  Murray  to  resign  his  scat 
in  tho  Council.  On  the  way,  they  were  joined  by  nearly  ono 
tlijusand  persons  from  other  sections.  A  delegation  went  to 
the  house,  !ind  reported  that  he  was  absent.  A  letter  was  ac- 
cordingly addressed  to  him,  to  the  effect  that,  unless  his  re- 
signation appeared  in  tho  Boston  papers,  he  would  be  waited 
upon  again.  He  abandoned  his  house  on  the  night  of  tho 
25th  of  August  of  that  year,  and  Hed  to  Boston,  as  I  find  in 
his  own  handwriting,  in  an  account-book  in  tho  possession  of 
a  pei'son  of  his  lineage. 

In  1770,  with  his  family  of  six  persons,  ho  accompanied  tho 
Royal  Army  to  Halifax.  In  1778  he  was  proscribed  and 
banished  ;  and  in  1779  he  lost  his  extensive  estates  under 
the  Conspiracy  Act.  After  the  Revolution,  Colonel  Murray 
became  a  resident  of  St.  John,  New  Brunswick.  He  built  a 
liouse  in  Prince  William  Street,  which  (1840)  is  still  stand- 
ing. The  lot  attached  to  this  dwelling  is  very  large,  and  tiie 
market  value  at  the  present  time  is,  perhajjs,  <£4000.  A 
part  of  it  is  (same  year)  owned  by  Chief  Justice  Chip- 
man,  and  is  rented  to  a  horticulturist,  who  I'aises  flowers  for 
Side.  The  Honorable  U.  L.  Hazen  of  St.  John,  a  member  of 
Liie  Executive  Council  of  New  Brunswick,  and  a  grandson  of 
Colonel  Murray,  has  his  portrait,  by  Copley.  He  is  repre- 
sented as  sitting,  and  in  the  full  dress  of  a  gentleman  of  tho 
day  ;  and  his  person  is  shown  to  the  knees.  There  is  a  hole 
in  the  wig ;  and  the  tradition  in  the  family  is,  that  a  party 
who  sought  the  Colonel  at  his  bouse  after  his  flight,  vexed 
because  he  had  eluded  them,  vowed  they  would  leave  their 
mark  behind  them,  and  accordingly  pierced  the  canvas  with 
a  bayonet. 


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MURRAY. 


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His  second  wife  was  Elizabeth  McLlanathan,  who  was 
mothci-  of  Alexander,  Isabel,  Elizabeth,  Robert,  John,  Dan- 
iel, Samuel,  Martha,  a  second  John,  and  a  second  Robert ; 
his  third  wife,  Lucreiia  Chandler,  bore  one  daughter,  Lu- 
cretia,  who  died  unmarried ;  his  fourth  wife  was  Debo- 
rah Bronley,  of  Boston,  who  was  mother  of  one  daughter, 
Deborah.  Mrs.  Dully  Chandler,  of  Lancaster,  Massachu- 
setts, has  a  portrait  of  his  third  wife,  also  by  Cojjley,  which 
represents  a  large  part  of  her  person,  in  brocade  silk,  full 
flowing  sleeves,  showing  the  forearm,  dress  very  low,  and  cut 
square  at  the  bust.  "  An  exceedingly  good  old  painting  of 
a  very  handsome  person,"  remarks  my  informant.  Colonel 
Murray  was  allowed  a  pension  of  £200  per  annum.  His 
estates,  valued  at  £23,367  lis.  dd.,  were  confiscated,  except 
one  farm  for  his  Whig  son  Alexander.  He  died  at  or  near 
St.  John  in  1794. 

The  descendants  of  Colonel  Murray,  in  New  Brunswick, 
have  also  several  relics  of  the  olden  time,  not  destitute  of 
interest.  Among  them  are  articles  of  silver-plate  of  a  by- 
gone fashion,  books  of  accounts,  business  memoranda,  muster- 
rolls,  or  list  of  officers  of  the  regiment  which  he  commanded, 
deeds  of  his  estates,  &c.  Of  the  latter,  there  are  no  less  than 
twenty-two  of  his  lands  in  Rutland,  and  several  of  property 
in  Atliol.  One  of  the  deeds  is  stamped,  but  it  bears  date 
some  years  previous  to  the  passage  of  the  odious  Stamp  Act. 
The  manner  in  which  Colonel  Murray  kept  his  books  and 
papers,  shows  that  he  was  a  careful,  calculating,  and  exact 
man  in  his  transactions  ;  method  is  seen  in  everything. 
In  person,  he  was  about  six  feet  three  inches  high,  and  well 
proportioned.  In  Massachusetts  he  was  a  princij)al  man  in 
his  section,  and  one  of  the  country  gentlemen  or  colonial 
noblemen,  who  lived  upon  their  estates  in  a  style  which  has 
passed  away.  The  wife  of  the  Hon.  Daniel  Bliss,  and  the 
first  wife  of  the  Hon.  Joshua  Upham,  —  Loyalists  mentioned 
in  these  pages,  —  were  his  daughters. 

Daniel  Murray,  his  administrator,  sued  Jonathan  Ware  in 
the  Circuit  Court  of  the  United  States,  on  a  bond,  and  re- 


.1 


MURRAY. 


117 


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covered  judgment.  As  Ware  was  bound  to  Massachusetts 
for  the  same  debt,  under  the  Confiscation  Act,  and  had 
actually  paid  a  part,  he  was  relieved,  by  a  resolve  of  the 
Legislature,  in  1807. 

Murray,  Daniel.  Of  Brookficld,  Massachusetts.  Son 
of  Colonel  John.  He  graduated  at  Harvard  University  in 
1771.  In  July,  1775,  he  applied  to  Washington  for  leave 
for  his  sister  and  two  of  his  brothers  to  go  into  Boston,  The 
Commander-in-Chief,  unacquainted  with  the  circumstances  of 
the  case,  referred  the  subject  to  the  Committee  of  Safety,  and 
that  body  laid  the  application  before  the  Provincial  Congress, 
when  the  request  was  refused.  Mr.  Murray  subsequently 
entered  the  military  service  of  the  Crown,  and  was  Major  of 
the  King's  American  Dragoons.  In  1778  he  was  proscribed 
and  banished.  At  the  peace  he  retired  on  half-pay.  In 
1792  he  was  a  member  of  the  House  of  Assembly  of  New 
Brunswick.  In  1808  he  left  that  Colony,  in  embarrassed  cir- 
cumstances.    He  died  at  Portland,  Maine,  in  1882. 

Murray,  Samukl.  Son  of  Colonel  John.  Graduated  at 
Harvard  University  in  1772.  He  was  with  the  British  troops 
at  Lexington  in  1775,  and  was  taken  prisoner.  In  a  General 
Order,  dated  at  Cambridge,  June  15,  1775,  it  was  directed 
"  That  Samuel  Murray  be  removed  from  jail  in  Worcester  to 
his  father's  homestead  in  Rutland,  the  limits  of  which  he  is 
not  to  pass  until  further  orders."  In  1778  he  was  proscribed 
and  banished.     He  died  previous  to  1785. 

Murray,  Rohert.  Son  of  Colonel  John.  In  1782  he 
was  a  Lieutenant  of  the  King's  American  Dragoons.  He 
settled  in  New  Brunswick,  and  died  there,  of  consumption, 
in  1780. 

Murray,  John.  Son  of  Colonel  John.  In  1782  he  was 
a  Captain  in  the  King's  American  Dragoons.  After  the 
Revolution  he  was  an  officer  of  the  Fifty-fourth  Regiment, 
British  Army. 

Murray,  James.  Captain  in  the  Queen's  Rangers.  Died 
at  Norfolk,  Virginia,  in  1781). 

Murray,  William.  Of  Virghiia.  Merchant.  Went  to 
Edinburgh.     Died  at  London  in  1791. 


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MURRAY.  -  NEILSON. 


Murray, 


Of  North   Carolina.      Captain   in   a 


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Loyalist  corps.  Killed  in  1780,  in  the  battle  of  Ramsour's 
Mills. 

Murray,  Alexander.  An  Episcopal  minister.  He  was 
stationed,  by  the  Society  for  the  Propagation  of  the  Gospel,  at 
Readinrr,  Pennsylvania,  from  17(54  to  the  Revolution,  when 
most  of  the  churches  of  his  communion  were  closed.  In  1778 
went  to  England. 

Mussels,  William.  King's  pilot  in  New  York  harbor. 
Removed  to  Nova  Scotia.  Descendants  are  living  at  Gran- 
ville in  that  Province. 

Myer,  Peter.  Ensign  in  the  New  Jersey  Volunteers. 
Killed  in  1779,  on  an  excursion  to  "  steal  horses  and  rob  the 
people  "  of  the  county  of  Bergen,  New  Jersey. 

Nagle,  Peter.  Of  the  Continental  Army.  Sentenced 
to  death,  in  1777,  for  attempting  to  join  the  side  of  the 
Crown. 

Nairn,  David.  Of  New  York.  Went  to  Shelburne, 
Nova  Scotia.  Bachelor  and  miser.  Accumulated  a  large 
property,  a  part  of  which  was  in  money,  and  was  con- 
cealed. He  died  in  1824.  A  brother,  in  Scotland,  was  his 
heir. 

Nardin,  John.  Of  Pennsvlvania.  Deserted  from  the 
State  galleys.  Joined  the  British  in  Philadelphia.  Captured 
at  sea.     In  prison  in  1779,  and  to  be  tried  for  treason. 

Nase,  Henry.  Of  New  York.  He  joined  the.  Royal 
Army,  at  King's  Bridge,  in  1776,  and  served  six  years  in 
the  King's  American  Regiment.  In  1783  he  settled  in  New 
Brunswick  ;  was  Lieutenant-Colonel  in  the  militia,  and  filled 
several  civil  offices.  He  died  in  King's  County,  in  that  Prov- 
ince, in  1836,  aged  eighty-four.  Before  entering  the  service 
of  the  Crown,  his  loyalty  involved  him  in  much  trouble  with 
his  Whig  neighbors  ;  and  he  was  a  great  sufferer  by  the  events 
which  made  his  country  free,  but  himself  an  exile. 

Neilson,  Archibald.  Of  North  Carolina.  An  intimate 
and  confidential  friend  of  Governor  Martin,  and  a  gentleman 
of  ability  and  culture.     In  October,  1775,  he  was  appointed 


111  IP.lPl 


■ '  w 


NELSON.  —  NEWBERRY. 


119 


Naval  Officer,  in  place  of  Samuel  Johnston,  superseded  ;  and 
the  next  month  sailed  for  Great  Britain  in  the  ship  George. 
He  intended  to  return,  but  was  prevented  by  the  success  of 
the  Whigs.  In  February,  1790,  he  was  at  Dundee,  Scotland ; 
and  wrote  that  he  might  be  called  "  a  devilish  unlucky  fellow ;  " 
for,  save  friends,  he  made  nothing  while  in  America,  had  re- 
covered nothing  of  the  Government  for  his  losses,  and  was  still 
unmarried.  Discoursing  in  a  graver  mood,  he  lamented  that 
a  trunk,  left  in  North  Carolina,  had  been  plundered  of  the 
letter  of  his  dying  father,  when  he  himself  was  but  four  years 
old,  which  contained  words  of  affection,  and  which,  until  his 
flight,  had  always  been  his  companion  in  all  his  travels.  He 
died  at  Dundee. 

Nelson,  John.  Of  Maine.  A  pedler,  who  lived  in 
Warren,  and  who  employed  two  horses  to  carry  his  goods. 
The  w^ar  interrupted  his  business,  and  he  joined  the  British. 
At  the  peace,  his  townsmen  gave  him  written  leave  to  return, 
of  which  he  availed  himself,  but  finally  removed  to  Reading, 
Massachusetts. 

Nelson,  THEorniLUS.  Of  New  York.  Proscribed  for 
his  loyalty ;  restored  to  citizenship,  by  Act  of  the  Legislature, 
on  taking  the  oath  of  abjuration  and  allegiance. 

Nelson,  Robert.  Of  North  Carolina.  Went  to  Eng- 
land ;  a  Loyalist  Addresser  of  the  King,  at  London,  July, 
1779. 

Neshett,  William.  Of  South  Carolina.  An  Addresser 
of  Sir  Henry  Clinton.     Banished,  and  estate  confiscated. 

Nesbett,  Sir  John.  Estate  in  the  possession  of  his  heirs 
or  devisees  confiscated  under  the  Act  of  1782. 

Newberry,  .      A  Tory  sergennt    in    the    British 

service.  In  1778,  the  daughter  of  a  Mr.  Mitchell,  of  Cherry 
Valley,  a  little  girl  often  or  twelve  years  old,  in  the  massacre 
of  the  family  by  the  Indians,  was  left  alive,  though  wounded 
and  much  mangled.  Newberry,  by  a  blow  of  his  hatchet, 
put  an  end  to  her  life.  He  fell  into  the  hands  of  General 
James  Clinton,  at  Canajoharie,  the  next  year,  and  was  exe- 
cuted. 


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120 


NEWBLE.  —  NOBLE. 


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Nfavblk,  James.  Died  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  in 
1821,  ao;o(l  ninetv-four  years. 

Nkwcomh,  Silas.  Of  Now  Jersey.  He  acknowledged  to 
the  Coniinittee  of  Cumberland  County  that  tea  was  used  in 
his  family,  and  declared  Ills  purpose  to  continue  the  practice ; 
wliereupon  the  Committee,  after  "  much  time  spent  in  vain 
to  convince  him  of  his  error,"  published  him,  that  all  persons 
miglit  break  off  dealings  with  him,  and  that  he  might  be 
known  as  unfriendly  to  American  liberty.  He  repented,  sub- 
sequently, and  signed  a  "  recantation  "  ;  but  a  "  recanter  " 
was  still  a  Loyalist. 

Nkwton,  Riciiakd.  He  was  a  i)risoner  in  Boston  Jail, 
July,  1770,  and  appealed  to  the  Council  of  Massachusetts  for 
relief  and  liberty.  He  stated  that  no  allowance  of  any  kind 
had  been  made  him  ;  that  he  had  sold  his  watch  and  clothing 
to  procure  food  ;  and  that,  unless  the  Council  interposed,  he 
should  certainly  starve.  Just  a  month  after  the  date  of  his 
petition  he  was  released. 

Nicholson,  Ahthur.  A  Cornet  in  the  King's  Amer- 
ican Dragoons,  and  Adjutant  of  the  Corps.  He  settled 
in  New  Brunswick  ;  received  half-pay  ;  and  died  in  that 
Colony. 

NicoiJ,,  J.  Of  Newport,  Rhode  Island.  Comptroller  of 
the  Customs  from  17(57  to  hostilities.  His  ditticulties  with  the 
popular  party  were  incessant.  In  one  case  he  fled  on  board 
the  Cyijnct  sloop-of-war,  and  refused  to  return  to  duty  without 
promise  of  protection. 

NicoLL,  CiiAKLKS.  Of  Now  York.  Arrested  and  sent  to 
Connecticut ;  released  on  parole. 

Nicoi.L,  Hknky.  Of  Brookhaven.  Manager  of  a  lottery 
for  the  benefit  of  a  church  in  that  town,  in  1788,  by  permis- 
sion of  Governor  Robertson. 

Noulk,  Francis.  Of  Pittsfield,  Massachusetts.  Was 
proscribed  and  banished  in  1778.  He  settled  at  St.  John,  New 
Brunswick,  in  1783,  and  was  a  grantee  of  that  city.  Benja- 
min was  a  twin-brother. 

NoBLK,  Benjamin.      Of  Pittsfield,  Massachusetts.      Was 


NORRICE.  —  OCHTERLONY. 


121 


proscribed  and  banished  in  1778.  The  time  and  place  of  his 
deatli  unknown  ;  the  family  account,  however,  is,  that  he 
went  to  New  York  by  water,  and  was  killed  there  before  the 
peace.  His  wife  was  Mary  Bates  ;  his  children  were  Han- 
nah, Betsey,  and  Benjamin.  The  latter  was  living  at  Water- 
town,  Connecticut,  in  1852. 

NoRKicE,  Henry.  Of  Pennsylvania.  Was  tried  in  1778, 
on  a  charge  of  supplying  the  Royal  Army  with  jirovisions, 
and  found  guilty.  He  was  sentenced  to  confinement  and  to 
hard  labor  for  one  month  ;  and  in  addition,  to  the  payment  of 
<£oO  for  the  use  of  the  sick  of  the  Whig  camp. 

NoRTHRUP,  Benajah.  Of  Connecticut.  Settled  in  New 
Brunswick  in  1723,  and  died  at  Kingston,  in  1838,  aged  eighty- 
eight,  leaving  fourteen  children,  one  hundred  and  eighteen 
grandchildren,  and  one  hundred  and  eleven  great-grandchil- 
dren. 

Norton,  Asa.  Of  Reading,  Connecticut.  A  Physician. 
Member  of  the  Loyalist  Association. 

Norton, .  Of  Long  Island,  New  York.  A  "  Cow- 
boy," named  Norton,  killed  a  fellow  "  Cow-boy,"  named  Eli- 
sha  Brown,  in  an  affray,  in  1783,  and  escaped. 

NuTMAN,  Captain.  Of  Essex  County,  New  Jersey.  He 
met  the  British  troops  with  shouts  of  joy,  and  was  robbed  by 
them  of  almost  everything  he  possessed. 

Nutting,  Joseph.  Was  Collector  of  Taxes  of  the  city 
of  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  and  died  there  in  1820,  aged 
sixty-eight. 

Nutting,  John.  Of  Cambridge,  Massachusetts.  Was 
j)roscribed  and  banished  in  1778.  Administration  on  estate 
of  a  person  of  this  name  at  Newport,  Nova  Scotia,  in  the 
year  1800. 

Oats,  Edward.  Of  South  Carolina.  Died  previous  to 
1785.  Estate  confiscated  ;  but  the  General  Assembly  gave 
a  part  to  Elizabeth,  his  widow. 

OcHTERLONY,  SiR  David,  Baronet.  Major-General  in 
the  Army  of  the  East  India  Company,  and  Knight  of  Grand 
Cross  of  the  Bath.     He  was  the  eldest  son  of  David  Ochter- 

VOL.  II.  11 


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122 


ODELL 


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Ibny,  of  Boston,  and  was  at  tlie  Latin  School  of  that  town  in 
1706.  At  tlie  ago  of  eighteen  he  went  to  India  as  a  Cadet, 
and  in  177H  was  appointed  an  Ensign.  In  1781  he  was 
Quartei'mastcr  to  the  71st  Regiment  of  Foot.  During  the 
twenty  years  that  succeeded,  lie  was  exposed  to  all  the  dan- 
ger and  fatigue  of  incessant  service  in  the  East.  He  attained 
the  rank  of  Major  in  1800,  and  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  in 
180P>.  His  commission  of  Major-General  bears  date  June  1, 
1814.  In  1817  ho  received  the  thanks  of  both  Houses  of 
P.arliament.  His  health,  tifter  nearly  fifty  years  of  uninter- 
rupted military  duty,  became  impaired,  and  he  resigned  a 
political  office  in  India,  with  the  intention  of  proceeding  to 
Calcutta,  and  thence  to  England.  This  plan  he  did  not  live 
to  execute.  He  died  at  Meerut,  in  1825,  while  there  for  a 
chanjie  of  air.  Sir  David  was  never  married.  His  title  de- 
scendcd  to  Charles  Metcalfe  Ochtcrlony,  to  whom  it  was 
limited. 

Odell,  Rev.  Jonathan.  Of  New  Jersey.  Episcopal 
minister.  In  "  Craft's  Journal,"  under  date  of  1771,  it  is  said, 
"  Episcopal  Parson  Odell  commenced  Doctor  of  Physic." 

In  1775  he  was  charged  with  writing  letters  to  England, 
and  was  examined  by  the  Provincial  Congress  of  New  Jersey, 
and  by  the  Committee  of  Safety  of  Pennsylvania  ;  and  a 
year  later  he  was  ordered  to  confine  himself  on  parole,  on 
the  east  side  of  the  Delaware,  within  a  cii'cle  of  eight  miles 
from  the  Court-House  in  Burlington.  At  a  later  period  he 
was  Chaplain  to  a  Loyalist  corps.  Arnold  wrote  a  letter  tc 
Andre,  August  30,  1780,  "  To  be  left  at  the  Reverend  Mr. 
Odell's,  New  York "  ;  a  copy  of  which  may  be  found  in 
Sparks's  "  Washington."  In  1782  standards  were  presented 
to  the  King's  American  Dragoons,  with  imposing  ceremonies, 
and  Mr.  Odell  delivered  an  address  in  the  presence  of  Prince 
William  Henry  (William  the  Fourth,  subsequently,)  and 
many  distinguished  officers  of  the  British  Army  and  Navy. 

At  the  close  of  the  war,  the  subject  of  this  notice  retired 
to  Nova  Scotia  ;  and  when  that  Province  was  divided  he  was 
appointed  Provincial  Secretary,  Register,  and  Clerk  of  the 
Council  of  New  Brunswick.     In  the  annals  of  the  last  mea- 


gre 


ss. 


t  't 


OGDEN. 


123 


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tioned  Province,  he  is  called  the  "  Honorable  and  Reverend 
Jonathan  Odell." 

He  died  in  1818.  His  daughter,  Lucy  Ann,  wife  of  Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Rudyerd,  of  the  Royal  Engineers,  died  at 
Halifax  in  182i>.  His  widow,  Anne,  died  at  Fredericton,  in 
1825,  aged  eighty-five.  His  son,  Franklin  William  Odell, 
who  was  his  successor  as  Secretary,  and  held  the  office  for 
thirty-two  years,  died  at  Fredericton,  in  1844,  at  the  age  of 
seventy.  Mary,  his  oldest  daughter,  died  at  Maugerville,  in 
1848,  in  her  seventy-sixth  year.  The  political  poetry  of  Mr. 
Odell,  published  principally  in  "  Rivington's  Gazette,"  during 
the  Revolution,  attracted  notice  at  the  time  ;  and  now  (18G0) 
we  have  the  "  Loyal  Verses  of  Stansbury  and  Odell,"  edited 
by  Winthrop  Sargent. 

Ogden,  Roukht.  Of  New  Jersey.  Speaker  of  the  House 
of  Assembly.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Stamp  Act  Con- 
gress, so  called,  and  refused  to  sanction  the  proceedings  of 
the  majority.  An  attempt  was  made,  at  his  instance,  to  con- 
ceal his  defection,  but  without  success.  He  was  accordinglv 
burned  in  effigy  in  several  places  in  New  Jersey,  and  was 
removed  from  the  Speaker's  chair  at  the  next  meeting  of  the 
Assembly. 

OouEN,  David.  A  member  of  his  Majesty's  Council  and 
a  Judge  of  the  Supremo  Court  of  New  Jersey.  His  ances- 
tors settled  in  New  England  at  an  early  period,  and  thence 
removed  to  Long  Lsland  and  New  Jersey.  His  father,  Jo- 
siah  Ogden,  was  a  member  of  the  House  of  Assembly  of 
New  Jersey  many  years.  He  was  born  at  Newark,  in  1707, 
and  graduated  at  Yale  College  in  1728.  He  studied  law, 
"  rose  rapidly  in  his  profession,"  and  became  "  one  of  its 
brightest  ornaments."  At  one  time,  indeed,  he  stood  con- 
fessedly at  the  head  of  the  bar  of  his  native  Colony  ;  and  if, 
in  the  city  of  New  York,  "  he  had  an  ecpial,  he  certainly  had 
no  superior."  In  1772  he  was  appointed  a  Judge  of  the 
Supreme  Court,  "  and  probably  no  man  ever  brought  to  that 
station  qualifications  of  a  higher  order."  Driven  from  the 
Bench  by  the  force  of  events,  he  fled  to  the  British  Army  in 


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New  York,  ami  remained  there  (luring  tlie  war.  After  Gal- 
loway, the  eelebrated  Loyalist  of  Pennsylvania,  retired  to 
England,  he  was  a  correspondent,  and  his  letters  betray  nineli 
bitterness  of  feeling. 

In  177H  he  addressed  a  memorial  to  the  Lords  of  the  Treas- 
ury, in  whieh  he  spoke  of  his  services  in  the  Council  and 
on  the  Bench,  and  of  his  having  been  plundered  by  the 
"  Rebels  ;  '*  and  in  which  ho  prayed  for  the  grant  of  a  salary, 
or  such  other  relief  as  their  Lordships  shoidd  see  fit  to  afford, 
in  order  that  he  might  support  the  dignity  of  his  station. 
This  paper  was  transmitted  by  Governor  Franklin,  with  an 
assurance  that  Mr.  Ogden  was  a  proper  object  for  the  Royal 
bounty.  A  year  later,  the  Board  of  Refugees,  com|)osed  of 
delegates  from  the  several  Colonies,  was  established,  and  he 
became  an  efficient  member  He  devised  the  outlines  of  a 
plan  for  the  government  of  America  after  her  submissi(m  to 
Great  Britain,  an  event  which  he  deemed  "  certain  and  soon 
to  happen,  if  proper  measures  were  not  neglected."  That 
plan  is  curious  in  many  respects,  and  is  here  inserted.  It 
proposed  :  "  That  the  right  of  taxation  of  America  by  the 
British  Parliament  be  given  up.  That  the  several  Colonies 
be  restored  to  their  former  constitutions  and  forms  of  govern- 
ment, except  in  the  instances  after  mentioned.  That  each 
Colony  have  a  Governor  and  Council  appointed  by  the  Crown, 
and  a  House  of  Representatives  to  be  elected  by  the  free- 
holders, inhabitants  of  the  several  counties,  not  more  than 
forty,  nor  less  than  thirty  for  a  Colony,  who  shall  have  power 
to  make  all  necessary  laws  for  the  internal  government  and 
benefit  of  each  respective  Colony,  that  are  not  repugnant  or 
contradictory  to  the  laws  of  Great  Britain,  or  the  laws  of  the 
American  Parliament,  made  and  enacted  to  be  in  force  in  the 
Colonies  for  the  government,  utility,  and  safety  of  the  whole. 
That  an  American  Parliament  be  established  for  all  the  Eng- 
lish Colonies  on  the  continent,  to  consist  of  a  Lord  Lieutenant, 
Barons  (to  be  created  for  the  pui'pose)  not  to  exceed,  at  pres- 
ent, more  than  twelve,  nor  less  than  eight  from  each  Colony, 
to   be  appointed   by  his  Majesty  out  of  the  freeholders   and 


|i|.:»; 


OGDEN. 


125 


inhabitants  of  each  Colony  ;  a  House  of  Commons,  not  to 
exceed  twelve,  nor  less  than  eight  from  each  Colony,  to  be 
elected  by  the  respective  Houses  of  Representatives  for  each 
Colony  ;  which  Parliament,  so  constituted,  to  be  three  branches 
of  legislature  of  the  Northern  Colonies,  and  to  be  styled  and 
called  the  Lord  Lieutenant,  the  Lords,  and  Commons  of  the 
British  Colonies    in   North   America.     That  they  have  the 
power  of  enacting  laws  in  all  cases  whatsoever,  for  the  gen- 
eral good,  benefit,  and  security  of  the  Colonies,  and  for  their 
mutual  safety,  both  defensive  and  offensive,  against  the  King's 
enemies,  rebels,  &c.  ;  proportioning  the  taxes  to  be  raised  in 
such  cases  by  each  Colony.     The  mode  for  raising  the  same 
to   be  enacted    by  the   General    Assembly  of  each   Colony, 
which,  if  refused  or  neglected,  be  directed  and  prescribed  by 
the  North  American  Parliament,  with  power  to  levy  the  same. 
That  the  laws  of  the  American  Parliament  shall  be  in  force 
till  repealed  by  his  Majesty  in  Council  ;  and  the  laws  of  the 
several  Legislatures  of  the  respective  Colonies  to  be  in  force 
till  the  same  be  repealed  by  his  Majesty,  or  made  void  by  an 
act  and  law  of  the  American  Parliament.     That  the  Amer- 
ican Parlian\ent  have  the  superintendence  and  government  of 
the  several  colleges  in  North  America,  most  of  which  have 
been  the  grand  nurseries  of  the  late  rebellion,  instilling  into 
the  tender  minds  of  youth  principles  favorable  to  republican, 
and  against  a  monarchical  government,  and  other  doctrines 
incompatible  to  the  British  Constitution." 

Air.  Ogden  went  to  England,  and  was  agent  of  the  New 
Jersey  Loyalists  for  prosecuting  their  claims  to  compensation 
for  losses.  His  own  estate,  which  was  large  and  valuable,  was 
confiscated,  but  a  liberal  allowance  was  made  him  by  the 
British  Government.  In  171)0  he  returned  to  the  United 
States  and  settled  on  Long  Island,  where  he  died  in  the  year 
1800,  aged  ninety-three.  He  left  several  sons,  two  of  whom 
were  of  his  own  profession.  Of  Isaac,  presently.  Abraham 
lived  at  Newark,  and  was  distinguished  ;  he  was  United 
States  District  Attorney  under  the  administration  of  Washing- 
ton.    "  As  a  jury  lawyer  he  is  said  to  have  been  unrivalled." 

11* 


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126 


OGDEN. 


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Ho  died  suddenly  in  1708.  Samuel,  another  son,  who  mar- 
ried a  sister  of  (iouverneur  and  Lewis  Morris,  and  who  was 
father  of  David  li.  Ogden,  an  eminent  advocate,  "  was  a 
man  of  considerable  distinction." 

C)(inKN,  Isaac.  Of  New  York.  Son  of  David  Ogden. 
Barrister-at-law.  Hamilt»m  said  of  him,  in  1777,  that  he 
was  "  one  of  the  most  barefaced,  impudent  fellows  that  ever 
came  under  his  observation."  After  Galloway  went  to  Eng- 
land, Ogden  was  one  of  his  correspondents.  In  a  letter 
dated  at  New  York,  November,  177H,  he  said :  "  The 
rebellion  hangs  by  a  slender  thread.  The  majority  of  the 
inhabitants  dissatisfied  with  their  tyrannical  government. 
Their  money  depreciating ;  the  French  Alliance  in  general 
detested ;  provisions  scarce,  and  that  scarcity  increasing. 
(Butler  has  not  contributed  a  little  to  it.  He  has  lately 
offered  to  join  General  Clinton  .  .  .  and  will  keep  hover- 
ing about  our  frontiers  till  he  gets  an  answer.  A  few 
Butlers  would  do  the  business.)  In  this  situation  whpt  is 
necessary  to  crush  the  rebellion  ?  It  is  easily  ansvrtred. 
Only  one  vigorous  campaign,  properly  conducted,"  He  re- 
moved to  Canada,  where  for  many  years  he  was  a  Judge 
of  the  Court  of  King's  Bench.  He  died  at  Montreal. 
Three  of  his  sons  are  (1854)  living  :  namely,  Peter  Skene, 
a  chief  factor  in  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company  ;  Isaac  Gouver- 
neur.  Sheriff  of  the  District  of  Three  Rivers  ;  and  Charles 
Richard,  formerly  Attorney-General  of  Lower  Canada,  and 
now  holding  a  high  legal  office  in  the  Isle  of  Man. 

Ogdkn,  Jonathan.  Settled  in  New  Brunswick  in  1783, 
and  died  at  Greenwich,  King's  County,  November,  1845, 
aged  ninety-seven.  Mary,  his  widow,  died  at  the  same  place, 
August,  1846,  aged  eighty-one.  "They  were  both  among 
the  faithful  and  intrepid  band  of  Loyalists,  who,  for  their  un- 
shaken attachment  to  the  Throne  and  Constitution  of  Great 
Britain,  suffered  much  in  their  early  days." 

Ogden,  David.  He  was  principal  clerk  of  the  Post-office 
Department  of  the  Colonies,  and  was  considered  to  be  in 
office  in  1782,  certainly,  and  probably  till  the  peace. 


li  I 


OGDEN.  — OGILVIE. 


127 


OoDKN,  Jamks.  Of  South  River,  New  Jersey.  When,  in 
1781,  a  considerable  part  of  tiie  Pennsylvania  Line  became 
discontented,  ho  acted  as  the  guide  of  the  emissary,  John 
Morris,  who  was  sent  by  Sir  Henry  Clinton  to  seduce  them. 
Instead  of  meetinii  tlie  overture,  they  surrendered  Ooden  and 
his  associate  to  General  Wayne;  and,  January  10th,  both 
were  tried  as  spies,  convicted,  and  hung  the  next  day,  "  at 
the  Cross  Roads,  from  the  upper  ferry  from  Trenton  to  Phil- 
adelphia, at  the  four  lane  ends."  The  Court  of  Inijuiry  was 
ordered  by  Lord  Stirling,  and  consisted  of  Generals  Wayne 
and  Irvine,  Colonels  liutler  and  Stewart,  and  Maj»)r  Fish- 
bourn. 

Ogdkn,  Pktkk.  Of  New  York.  Was  Secretary  of  the 
Police  Department  of  the  city  in  1782. 

OoDKN,  Hknjamin.  Of  Westchester  County,  New  York. 
A  Protester  at  White  Plains.  Benjamin  Ogden,  Justi(!o  of 
the  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  died  at  Antigonish,  Nova  Scotia, 
in  1835. 

Ogilvik,  Rkv.  John,  D.  D.  Of  New  York.  Episcopal 
minister.  He  was  born  in  the  city  of  New  York  in  1722, 
and  graduated  at  Yale  College  in  1748.  He  was  employed 
by  the  Society  for  the  Propagation  of  the  Gospel  in  Foreign 
Parts,  as  a  missionary  to  the  Mohawk  Indians,  as  early  as 
1  J3,  at  a  salary  of  .£50.  In  the  year  mentioned,  he  wrote 
that  his  "  labors  at  Albany  are  not  unsuccessful ; "  that  he 
had  "  j)revailed  upon  the  young  j)eople  to  attend  cateciiizings 
on  Sunday  evenings,  to  the  number  of  forty ; "  but  that 
"  the  trot  blesome  situation  of  affairs  had  prevented  any  im- 
mediate public  resolutions  in  relatioti  to  the  education  of  the 
Indian  children."  He  said,  further,  that  on  his  "  first  coming 
among  them,  he  had  selected  one  of  their  boys  of  the  most 
promising  capacity,  clothed  and  maintained  him,  taught  him 
to  speak  English  tolerably  well,  and  to  read  in  the  Psalter, 
when  his  parents  took  him  away,  lest,  as  they  declared,  he 
might  learn  to  despise  his  nation."  In  1765  he  succeeded  the 
Rev.  Doctor  Barclay  as  Rector  of  Trinity  Church,  New 
York.     In  1771,  with  others,  he  advocated  the  appointment 


rv  . 


'<     'I   I 


< .  tip 


iHii! 


.       !/| 


ll   1  '  ■ 


ih    ,!. 


128 


OGILVIE.- OLIVER. 


Ill 


!'  t 


I" 


of  Itisliops  for  the  Colonics,  in  an  Address  to  the  Episco- 
pahans  of  Virginia.  Ho  died  at  New  York,  in  1774.  ( )ne 
who  knew  him  while  ho  was  stationed  among  the  Mohawks 
thus  speaks  :  "  His  appearance  was  singularly  prepossessing  ; 
his  address  and  manners  entirely  those  of  a  gentleman.  His 
abilities  were  respectable,  his  doctrine  was  |)urc  and  scrip- 
tural, and  his  life  exemplary,  both  as  a  clergyman  and  in  his 
domestic  circle,  where  ho  was  peculiarly  amiable  {  add  to  all 
this  a  talent  for  conversation,  extensive  reading,  and  a  thor- 
ough knowledge  of  life."  A  portrait  of  him,  by  Copley,  is 
still  preserved  in  the  vestry  office  of  Trinity  Church. 

Ogilvik,  Gkor(jk.  Of  New  York.  Son  of  the  Rev. 
Dr.  John.  He  graduated  at  King's  (Columbia)  College  in 
1774,  and  was  an  officer  in  a  Loyalist  corps.  Afler  the  war 
he  took  orders,  and  was  Rector  of  several  Episcojjal 
churches.     He  died  at  Rye,  New  York,  in  1797. 

Oldham,  Thomas.  Of  Chowan,  North  Carolina.  His 
property  was  confiscated  in  1779.  He  was  a  member  of  the 
House  of  Assembly ;  and  seems  at  first  to  have  been  with 
the  Whigs,  since  he  had  a  seat  in  the  Convention  which 
approved  ot'  the  proceedings  of  the  Continental  Congress, 
and  which  Govc'*nor  Martin  denounced  by  proclamation. 

Olive,  William.  A  member  of  the  Lcval  Artillery,  St. 
John,  New  Brunswick,  in  1795.  He  died  at  Carleton,  in 
that  Province,  in  1822. 

Oliver,  Peter.  He  was  born  in  1713,  and  graduated 
at  Harvard  University  in  1730.  Though  not  educated  a 
lawyer,  he  was  appointed  Chief  Justice  of  Massachusetts  in 
175G  ;  and  in  McFingal  it  is  asked,  — 

"  Did  Heaven  appoint  our  chief  judge  Oliver, 
Fill  that  high  bench  with  ignoramus), 
Or  has  it  councils  by  mandamus  ?  " 

Judge  Oliver  was  proscribed  and  banished,  and  his  estate 
was  confiscated.  In  addition  to  his  judicial  station  he  was  a 
Mandamus  Councillor.  He  went  to  Halifax  at  the  evacua- 
tion of  Boston  in  1776.  Subsequently  he  embarked  for  Eng- 
land.    Of  the  five  Judges  of  the  Superior  Court  of  Massa- 


'iH 


OLIVER. 


129 


chusotts  nt  the  Rcvolutionxrv  orn,  four,  to  wit,  the  siihjcrt  of 
this  notice,  Ediiuiiul  Trowbridge,  Foster  Hutchinson,  and 
Willinni  Browne,  were  Loyalists.  The  Whij;  nienihcr  of  the 
Court  was  Willinni  C'ushinj;.  In  1774  Oliver  was  im- 
peached by  the  Legislature  for  refusinj^  to  receive,  as  usual,  a 
grant  for  his  services  from  the  Colom'al  Treasury,  and  because 
he  would  not  engaj];e  to  accept  of  any  emolument  from  the 
Crown.  Judges  nt  tliis  time  wore  swords,  robes,  &c.,  wliile 
on  the  Bench.     He  died  in  England  in  171tl. 

Omvku,  Pktkh,  Jr.  Son  of  Chief  Justice  Peter  Oliver, 
of  Massachusetts.       (Jradunted    at     Harvard    University    in 

1701.  One  of  the  eighteen  country  gentlemen  who  were 
driven  into  Boston,  nnd  who  were  Addressers  of  Gage  in 
1775.  He  was  proscribed  and  banished  in  1778,  and  is 
styled  in  the  Act  of  Middleborough,  ]>hysician.  His  father 
died  possessed  of  the  only  perfect  MS.  of"  Hubbard's  History 
of  New  England,"  and  when,  in  1H14,  the  Massachusetts 
Historical  Society  determined,  with  the  patronage  of  the 
Legislature,  to  publish  that  work,  application  was  made  to 
Doctor  Oliver  to  give  or  lend  his  copy,  or  nt  least  to  permit 
a  transcript  of  such  parts  of  it  as  were  missing  in  the  Ameri- 
can MS.,  but  he  returned  a  surly  answer,  refusing  to  comply 
with  either  request,  and,  of  conse(|uence,  we  have  "  Hub- 
bard "  mutilated  at  the  beginning  and  at  tlie  end.  Tlie  cor- 
respondence on  the  subject  is  very  properly  preser\ed  in  the 
Society's  Collections.  He  died  at  Shrewsbury,  England,  in 
1822,  aged  eighty-one. 

Omvkh,  Daniki,.  Of  Massachusetts.  Son  of  Chief  Jus- 
tice   Peter    Oliver.      Graduated    at    Harvard    University    in 

1702.  Studied  law,  and  settled  in  Worcester  County.  Went 
to  England,  and  died  there  in  1820,  aged  eighty-two. 

Omvkr,  Thomas.  Of  Cambridge,  Massachusetts.  Was 
born  in  Doi'chester,  and  graduated  at  Harvard  University  in 
1758.  He  lived  in  great  retirement,  and  mingled  but  little 
in  public  affairs.  But  after  the  decease  of  Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor Andrew  Oliver,  of  a  different  family,  in  1774,  he  was 
appointed  his  successor,  and  was  the  last  Royal  Lieutenant- 


,}i 


;  \ 


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ill 

iii 


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130 


OLIVER. 


Governor,  and  President  of  the  Council  of  Massachusetts. 
As  his  appointment  as  Councillor  was  by  the  King's  writ  of 
mandamus,  and  contrary  to  the  charter,  which  provided  for 
tlie  election  of  members  of  the  Council,  he  became  an  object 
of  popular  resentment.  He  detailed  the  course  pursued 
against  him,  in  consequence  of  being  sworn  into  oflfice,  in  the 
following  narrative,  dated  September  7,  1774,  which,  as 
giving  his  version,  and  as  throwing  light  on  the  transactions 
of  the  times,  is  inserted  entire.  It  is  an  answer  to  the  Whig 
account  of  the  occurrences  at  Cambridge  on  the  2d  of  Sep- 
tember, and,  as  will  bo  seen,  is  very  full  and  explicit :  — 

"  Early  in  the  morning"  (of  September  2d),  said  he,  "  a 
number  of  the  inhabitants  of  Charlestown  called  at  my  house 
to  acquaint  me  that  a  large  body  of  people  from  several  towns 
in  the  county  were  on  their  way  coming  down  to  Cambridge  ; 
that  they  were  afraid  some  bad  consequences  might  ensue, 
and  bogged  I  would  go  out  to  meet  them,  and  endeavor  to 
prevail  on  them  to  return.  In  a  very  short  time,  before  I 
could  prepare  myself  to  go,  they  appeared  in  sight.  I  w^ent 
out  to  them,  and  asked  the  reasons  of  their  appearance  in  that 
manner ;  they  respectfully  answered,  they  '  came  peaceably 
to  inquire  into  their  grievances,  not  with  design  to  hurt  any 
man.'  I  perceived  they  were  landholders  of  the  neighboring 
towns,  and  was  thoroughly  persuaded  they  would  do  no  harm. 
I  was  desired  to  speak  to  them  ;  I  accordingly  did,  in  such  a 
manner  as  I  thought  best  calculated  to  quiet  their  minds. 
They  tlianked  me  for  my  advice,  said  they  were  no  mob,  but 
sober,  orderly  people,  who  would  commit  no  disorders ;  and 
then  proceeded  on  their  way.  I  returned  to  my  house.  Soon 
after  they  had  arrived  on  the  Common  at  Cambridge,  a  re- 
port arose  that  the  troops  were  on  their  march  from  Boston ; 
I  was  desired  to  go  and  intercede  with  his  Excellency  to  pre- 
vent their  commg.  From  principles  of  humanity  to  the 
country,  from  a  general  love  of  mankind,  and  from  persua- 
sions that  they  were  orderly  people,  I  readily  undertook  it ; 
and  is  there  a  man  on  earth,  who,  placed  in  my  circumstances, 
could   have  refused  it?     I  am  informed  I  am  censured  for 


great 


OLIVER. 


131 


having  advised  the  General  to  a  measure  wliich  may  reflect 
on  the  troops,  as  beintr  too  inactive  upon  such  a  general  dis- 
turbance ;  but  surely  such  a  reflection  on  a  military  man  can 
never  arise  but  in  the  minds  of  such  as  are  entirely  ignorant 
of  these   circumstances.      Wherever  this  aflair  is  known,  it 
must  also  be  known  it  was  my  request  the  troops  should  not 
be  sent,  but  to  return  ;  as  I  passed  the  people  I  told  them,  of 
my  own  accord,  I  would  return  and  let  them  know  the  event 
of  my  application  (not,  as  was  related  in  the  papers,  to  confer 
with   them   on   my  own   circumstances   as  President  of  the 
Council).     On  my  return  I  went  to  the  Committee,  I  told 
them  no  troops  had  been  ordered,  and  from  the  account  I  had 
given  his  Excellency,  none  would  be  ordered.     I  was  then 
thanked  for  the  trouble  I  had  taken  in  the  affair,  and  was 
just  about  to  leave  them  to  their  own  business,  when  one  of 
the  Committee  observed,  that  as  I  was  present  it  might  be 
proper  to  mention  a  matter  they  had  to  propose  to  me.     It 
was,  that  although  they  had  a  respect  for  me  as  Lieutenant- 
Governor  of  the  Province,  they  could  wish  I  would  resign 
my  seat.     I  told  them  I  took  it  very  unkind  that  they  should 
mention  anything  on  that  subject ;  and  among  other  reasons 
I  urged,  that,  as  Lieutenant-Governor,  I  stood  in  a  particular 
relation  to  the  Province  in  general,  and  therefore  could  not 
hear  anything  upon  that  matter  from  a  particular  county.     I 
was  then  pushed  to  know  if  I  would  resign  when  it  appeai'ed 
to  be  the  sense  of  the  Province  in  general ;  I  answered,  that 
when  all  the  other  Councillors  had  resigned,  if  it  appeared  to 
be  tlie  sense  of  the  Province  I  should  resign,  I  would  submit. 
They  then  called  for  a  vote  upon  the  subject,  and,  by  a  very 
great   majority,  voted   my  reasons  satisfactory.      I  inquired 
wiiether  they  had  full  power  to  act  for  the  people,  and  being 
answered  in  the  affirmative,  I  desired  they  would  take  care  to 
acquaint  them  of  their  votes,  that  I  should  have  no  further 
application  made  to  me  on  that  head.     1  was  promised  by 
the  Chairman,  and  a  general  assent,  it  should  be  so.     This 
left  me  entirely  clear  and  free  from  any  apprehensions  of  a 
farther  application  upon  this  matter,  and  perhaps  will  account 


i'it--': 


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132 


OLIVER. 


1 

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\    ! 

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i:   i; 


for  that  confidence  wliich  I  had  in  the  people,  and  for  which 
I  may  be  censured.  Indeed,  it  is  true,  tlie  event  proves  I 
had  too  nuich ;  but  reasoning  from  events  yet  to  come,  Is  a 
kind  of  reasoning  I  have  not  been  used  to.  In  the  afternoon 
I  observed  large  companies  pouring  in  from  different  parts  ; 
I  then  began  to  apprehend  they  would  become  unmanageable, 
and  that  it  was  expedient  to  go  out  of  their  way.  I  was  just 
going  into  my  carriage  when  a  groat  crowd  advanced,  and  in 
a  short  time  my  house  was  surrounded  by  tliree  or  four  thou- 
sand people,  and  one  quarter  part  in  arms.  I  went  to  the 
front  door,  where  I  was  met  by  five  persons,  who  acquainted 
me  they  were  a  Committee  from  the  people  to  demand  a  re- 
signation of  my  seat  at  the  Board.  I  was  shocked  at  their 
ingratitude  and  false  dealings,  and  reproached  them  with  it. 
They  excused  themselves  by  saying  the  people  were  dissatis- 
fied with  the  vote  of  the  Committee,  and  insisted  on  my 
signing  a  paper  they  had  prepared  for  tliat  purpose.  I  found 
I  had  been  ensnared,  and  endeavored  to  reason  them  out  of 
such  ungrateful  behavior.  They  gave  such  answers,  that  I 
found  it  was  in  vain  to  reason  longer  with  them  ;  I  told  them 
my  first  considerations  were  for  my  honor,  the  next  for  my 
life  ;  that  they  might  put  me  to  death  or  destroy  my  property, 
but  I  would  not  submit.  They  began  then  to  reason  in  their 
turn,  urging  tlie  power  of  the  people,  and  the  danger  of  op- 
posing them.  All  this  occasioned  a  delay,  which  enraged 
part  of  the  multitude,  who,  j)ressing  into  my  back  yard,  de- 
nounced vengeance  to  the  foes  of  their  liberties.  The  Com- 
mittee  endeavored  to  modei'ate  them,  and  desired  them  to 
keep  back,  for  they  pressed  up  to  my  windows,  v/hich  then 
were  opened  ;  I  could  from  thence  hear  them  at  a  distance 
calling  out  for  a  determination,  and,  with  their  arms  in  their 
hands,  swearing  thoy  would  have  my  blood  if  I  refused.  The 
Committee  appeared  to  be  anxious  for  me,  still  I  refused  to 
sign  ;  part  of  the  populace  growing  furious,  and  the  distress 
of  my  family  who  heard  their  tlu*e>'ts,  and  supposed  them  just 
about  to  be  executed,  called  up  feelings  which  I  could  not 
suppress ;  and  nature,  ready  to  find  new  excuses,  suggested  a 


OLIVER. 


133 


thought  of  the  calamities  I  should  occasion  if  I  did  not  com- 
ply ;  1  found  myself  giving  way,  and  began  to  cast  about  to 
contrive  means  to  come  off  with  honor.  I  proposed  they 
should  call  in  the  people  to  take  me  out  by  force,  but  they 
said  the  people  were  enraged,  and  they  would  not  answer 
for  the  consequences.  I  told  them  I  would  take  the  risk,  but 
they  refused  to  do  it.  Reduced  to  this  extremity,  I  cast  my 
eyes  over  the  paper,  with  a  hurry  of  mind  and  conflict  of 
passion  which  rendered  me  unable  to  remark  the  contents, 
and  wrote  underneath  the  following  words :  '  My  house  at 
Cambridge  being  surrounded  by  four  thousand  people,  in 
com})liance  with  their  commands,  I  sign  my  name,  Thomas 
Oliver.'  The  five  persons  took  it,  carried  it  to  the  people, 
and,  I  believe,  used  their  endeavors  to  get  it  accepted.  I  had 
several  messages  that  the  people  would  not  accept  it  with 
those  additions,  upon  which  I  walked  into  the  court-yard,  and 
declared  I  would  do  no  more,  though  they  should  put  me  to 
death.  I  perceived  that  those  persons  who  formed  the  first 
body  which  came  down  in  the  morning,  consisting  of  the 
landholders  of  the  neighboring  towns,  used  their  utmost 
endeavors  to  get  the  paper  received  with  my  additions ;  and 
I  must,  in  justice  to  them,  observe,  that,  during  the  whole 
transaction,  they  had  never  invaded  my  enclosures,  but  still 
were  not  able  to  protect  me  from  other  insults  which  I  re- 
ceived from  those  who  were  in  arms.  From  this  considera- 
tion I  am  induced  to  quit  the  country,  and  seek  protection  in 
the  town." 

The  document  presented  to  Mr.  Oliver  on  the  2d  of  Sep- 
tember, and  which  he  signed,  was  as  follows :  "  I,  Thomas 
Oliver,  being  appointed  by  his  Majesty  to  a  seat  at  the 
Council  Board,  upon,  and  in  conformity  to  the  late  Act  of 
Parliament,  entitled  an  '  Act  for  the  better  regulation  of  the 
Province  of  Massachusetts  Bay,'  which  being  a  manifest  in- 
fringement of  the  Charter  rights  and  privileges  of  this  peo- 
ple, I  do  hereby,  in  conformity  to  the  commands  of  the  body 
of  this  county  now  convened,  most  solemnly  renounce  and 
resign  my  seat  at  said  unconstitutional  Board,  and  hereby 

VOL.   II.  18 


if: 


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If:"    ! 


!!•::*• 


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134 


OLIVER. 


t 


1: 


I       : 


|i*^: 


ill!! 


firmly  promise  and  engage,  as  a  man  of  honor  and  a  Chris- 
tian, that  I  never  will  hereafter,  upon  any  terms  whatsoever, 
accept  a  seat  at  said  Board  on  the  present  novel  and  oppres- 
sive plan  of  Government."  To  this,  the  original  form,  he 
added  the  words  above  recited.  Judge  Danforth  and  Judge 
Lee,  who  were  also  Mpndamus  Councillors,  and  Mr.  Phipps, 
the  sheriff,  and  Mr.  Mason,  clerk  of  tlie  county,  were  com- 
pelled to  submit  to  the  same  body,  and  make  written  resigna- 
tions. 

Governor  Oliver,  as  stated  by  himself,  went  into  Boston, 
and  made  assurances  both  to  General  Gage  and  to  the  Ad- 
Uiiral  on  the  station,  which  prevented  a  body  of  troops  from 
being  sent  to  disperse  the  large  body  of  people  who  assembled 
at  Cambridge  on  this  occasion  ;  and  to  these  assurances  it 
was  owing,  undoubtedly,  that  the  day  passed  without  blood- 
shed. But  for  the  peaceable  demeanor  of  those  whom  he 
met  in  the  moming,  —  the  landholders  of  the  neighboring 
towns,  —  the  first  collision  between  the  King's  troops  and 
the  inhabitants  of  Massachusetts,  would  have  occurred,  vcrv 
likely,  at  Cambridge,  and  not  at  Lexington.  A  detachment 
war  sent  to  the  former  town  thf  day  before,  to  bring  off  some 
pieces  of  cannon,  and  from  this  circumstance  arose,  princi- 
pally, the  proceedings  related  by  Governor  Oliver.  Indig- 
nant because  the  "  redcoats  "  had  been  sent  upon  such  an 
errand,  thousands  from  the  surrounding  country  assembled  in 
the  course  of  the  day,  (September  2d,)  armed  with  guns, 
sticks,  and  other  weapons ;  and  when  the  Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor's promise  on  his  return  from  Boston,  rendered  it  certain 
that  they  would  not  be  opposed  by  the  troops,  they  exacted 
from  every  official  who  lived  at  Cambridge  full  compliance 
with  their  demands,  as  has  been  stated. 

From  this  period  Governor  OMver  lived  in  Boston,  until 
March,  1776,  when  at  the  evacuation  he  accompanied  the 
Royal  Army  to  Halifax,  and  took  passage  thence  to  England. 
In  a  letter  to  David  Phips,  dated  London,  July,  1776,  he 
said,  "  I  found  Mrs.  Oliver  well,  and  settled  in  a  little  snug 
house  't  Brompton.     ....     But  I  shall  continue  here 


OLIVER. 


135 


no  longer  than  I  am  able  to  find  an  economical  retreat.  I 
have  not  had  time  to  look  about  me  yet ;  some  cheajjer  part  of 
England  must  be  the  object  of  my  inquiry."  Later  the  same 
year,  he  had  lodgings  in  Jermyn  Street.  In  1778  he  was  pro- 
scribed and  banished  ;  and  the  year  following  was  included  in 
the  Conspiracy  Act.  His  estate  was  confiscated.  He  visited 
the  Courts  often,  and  as  he  saw  Lord  Mansfield's  train  borne 
by  a  gentleman,  he  could  but  have  thought  of  his  own  fallen 
condition.  He  had  letters  from  Doctor  Elliott,  "  conceived 
in  the  Whig  strain,"  which  were  seen  by  fellow-Loyalists.  In 
February,  1782,  he  was  at  Birmingham,  and,  writing  for  some 
snuff,  he  said :  "  I  am  much  obliged  to  you  for  your  care  and 
trouble  for  an  irritating  powder  for  an  American  Refugee,  and 
doubt  not  that  it  be  of  a  more  agreeable  nature  than  the  so 
many  irritables  we  have  all  turned  up  our  noses  at  for  five  or 
six  years  past."  He  died  at  Bristol,  England,  November  29, 
1815,  aged  eighty-two.  Elizabeth,  his  wife,  a  daughter  of 
Colonel  John  Vassall,  of  Cambridge,  died  at  the  same  place 
in  1808.  His  elegant  mansion  at  Cambridge  was  occupied 
by  Governor  Gerry  for  many  years.  It  is  said  that  he  was 
a  gentleman  of  great  mildness  of  temper  and  politeness  of 
manners. 

Oliver,  Andrew.  Of  Massachusetts.  His  father  was 
Daniel  Oliver,  a  member  of  the  Council.  He  graduated  at 
Harvard  University  in  1724.  He  entered  public  life,  and  was 
Secretary,  Stamp-Distributor,  and  Lieut.-Governor  of  Massa- 
chusetts. In  1765,  soon  after  receiving  the  appointment  of 
Stamp-officer,  the  building  which  ho  had  fitted  for  the  trans- 
action of  business  was  demolished  by  a  mob,  and  he  was  com- 
pelled to  resign.  He  was  then  allowed  to  enjoy  his  post  of 
Secretary  without  molestation  for  several  months.  But  be- 
fore the  close  of  the  year,  a  report  that  he  wus  seeking  to 
be  restored  to  his  place  of  Stamp-officer,  obtained  circulation, 
and  he  was  required  to  make  a  public  statement  upon  the 
subject.  He  complied  with  the  demand,  and  published  a 
declaration,  that  he  would  not  act  under  his  commission  ;  but 
this  was  deemed  unsatisfactory,  and  he  was  desired  to  appear 


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undur  the  Liberty  Tree,  and  there  resign  the  office  in  form, 
and  in  the  presence  of  the  people.  With  this  demand  he  also 
complied,  and  at  the  proper  time,  and  while  two  thousand 
persons  surrounded  him,  he  made  oath  to  the  following  decla- 
ration :  "  That  he  had  never  taken  any  measures,  in  conse- 
quence of  his  deputation,  to  act  in  his  office  as  distributor  of 
stamps,  and  that  he  never  would,  directly  or  indirectly,  by 
himself,  or  any  under  him,  make  use  of  his  deputation,  or  take 
any  measures  for  enforcing  the  Stamp  Act  in  America."  The 
multitude  gave  three  cheers,  and  allowed  him  to  depart.  But 
so  determined  a  course  on  the  part  of  the  Whigs  gave  him 
great  pain,  and  caused  intense  suffering  both  to  himself  and 
his  family. 

In  1770,  Mr.  Oliver  was  appointed  Lieutenant-Governor. 
In  1773,  several  letters  which  he  had  written  to  persons  in 
England  were  obtained  by  Franklin,  and  sent  to  Massachusetts. 
These  letters  caused  much  excitement,  and  became  the  sulv 
ject  of  discussion  throughout  the  Colony.  The  Whigs  of  tlW 
House  of  Representatives  agreed  upon  a  report,  that  the  man- 
ifest tendency  and  design  oi"  these  and  other  similar  commu- 
nications of  Hutchinson,  I'axton,  Moffat,  Auchmuty,  Rogers, 
and  Rome,  was  to  overthrow  the  Constitution,  and  introduce 
arbitrary  power.  In  addition  to  the  assaults  at  home,  Junius 
Americanus,  a  writer  in  the  public  papers  in  England,  charged 
him  with  the  grave  crime  of  perjury.  Mr.  Oliver  was  now 
advanced  in  life.  He  had  always  been  subject  to  disorders  of 
a  bilious  nature ;  and  unable  to  endure  the  disquiet  and  mis- 
ery caused  by  liis  position  in  aflf'airs  at  so  troubled  a  period, 
soon  sunk  under  the  burden.  After  a  short  illness  he  died 
at  Boston,  in  March,  1774,  aged  sixty-seven.  In  private  life 
ho  was  a  most  estimable  man  ;  but  his  public  career,  tliough 
earnestly  defended  by  his  brother-in-law,  Governor  Hutchin- 
son, is  open  to  censure.  No  man  in  Massachusetts  was  more 
unpopular ;  and  Hutchinson  remarks,  that  the  violence  of  par- 
ty spirit  was  evinced  even  at  his  funeral ;  that  some  members 
of  the  House  of  Representatives  were  offended  because  the 
officei's  of  the  army  and  navy  had  precedence  in  the  proces- 


OLIVER. 


137 


sion,  and  retired  in  a  body ;  and  that  "  mark,  of  disrespect 
were  also  shown  by  the  populace  to  the  remains  of  a  man, 
whose  memory,  if  he  had  died  before  this  violent  spirit  was 
raised,  would  have  been  revered  by  all  orders  and  degrees  of 
men  in  the  Province." 

Oliver,  Peter.  Of  Salem.  Son  of  Lieut.-Governor 
Andrew  Oliver,  who  died  at  Boston,  March,  1774.  An  Ad- 
dresser of  Gage  in  1775  ;  proscribed  and  banished  in  1778. 
He  became  a  surgeon  in  the  British  Army.  He  died  at 
London,  April,  1795.  His  widow  married  Admiral  Sir  John 
Knight,  and  died  at  her  seat,  near  London,  in  1839. 

Oi.ivKR,  Brinley  Sylvester.  A  son  of  Lieut.-Governor 
Andrew  Oliver.  He  graduated  at  Harvard  University  in 
1774,  and  became  a  surgeon  in  the  British  service.  He  died 
in  1828. 

Oliver,  William  Sandford.  Of  Boston.  Son  of  Lieut.- 
Governor  Andrew  Oliver.  In  177G  he  accompanied  the 
Royal  Army  to  Halifax.  He  settled  at  St.  John,  New  Bruns- 
wick, at  the  peace,  and  was  the  first  Sheriff  of  the  county. 
His  official  papers,  in  1784,  are  dated  at  Parr,  and  Parr-town, 
by  which  names  St.  John  was  then  known.  In  1792  he  held 
the  office  of  Marshal  of  the  Court  of  Vice- Admiralty  of  New 
Brunswick.  At  the  time  of  his  decease  he  was  Sheriff  of  the 
county  of  St.  John,  and  Treasurer  of  the  Colony.  He  died 
at  St.  John,  in  1813,  aged  sixty-two.  Catharine,  his  wife, 
died  in  that  city  in  1803,  at  the  age  of  forty-one.  Elizabeth 
Letitia,  his  youngest  daughter,  died  at  Fort  Erie,  Upper  Can- 
ada, in  1836.  His  son,  William  Sandford,  was  a  grantee  of 
St.  John  in  1783,  but  left  New  Brunswick  about  1806  ;  pos- 
sibly. Commander  William  Sandford  Oliver,  of  the  Royal 
Navy,  who,  in  1811,  married  Mary  Oliver,  the  only  daughter 
of  Thomas  Hutchinson,  who  was  put  on  the  retired  list  in 
1844,  and  who  died  in  England  the  next  year,  aged  seventy- 
one,  was  the  same. 

Oliver,  Andrew.     Of  Salem,  Massachusetts.     Judge  of 
the  Court  of  Common  Pleas.     Graduated  at  Harvard  Uni- 
versity in  1749.      Of  the  loyal  mem'^ers  of  his  family,  he 
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alone  remained  in  tlie  country.     He  died  in  1799,  at  tlie  age 
of  sixtv-eiglit. 

Olmstkad,  Nathan.  Of  Ridgefield,  Connecticut.  In 
January,  1775,  he  was  chairman  of  a  meeting  called  at  Ridge- 
field,  to  consider  whether  that  town  woidd  "  adopt  and  con- 
form to  the  Resolves  contained  in  the  Association  of  the  Con- 
tinental Congress."  Ahout  two  hundred  voters  were  present, 
and  it  was  determined,  with  almost  entire  unanimity,  "  That 
it  would  be  dangerous  and  hurtful  to  adopt  said  Congress' 
measures  ;  and  we  hereby  publicly  disapprove  of  and  protest 
against  said  Congress,  and  the  measures  by  them  directed,  as 
unconstitutional,  as  subversive  of  our  real  liberties,  and  as 
countenancing  licentiousness." 

Ormond,  George.  Adjutant  of  the  Queen's  Rangers. 
At  the  peace  he  settled  in  New  Brunswick,  but  removed  from 
the  Colony,  and  probably  to  Canada.  A  son  is  (1847)  Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel in  the  British  Army. 

Orne,  Timothy.  Of  Salem,  Massachusetts.  He  grad- 
uated at  Harvard  University  in  1768 ;  was  an  Addresser  of 
Gage  in  1774.  A  mob  seized  him  in  1775,  but  were  per- 
suaded to  relinquish  their  design  of  tarring  and  feathering 
him.     He  died  at  Danvers,  in  1789,  aged  thirty-nine. 

OsHORN,  Nathan.  Of  Salem,  New  York.  In  1776  he 
abandoned  a  valuable  farm,  a  considerable  quantity  of  pro- 
duce, and  some  stock,  and  Joined  the  Royal  Army. 

OxNARD,  Edward.  Of  Falmouth,  Maine.  Brother  of 
Thomas  Oxnard.  He  was  born  in  1746,  and  graduated  at 
Harvard  University  in  1767.  An  the  Revolutionary  contro- 
versy approached  to  a  crisis,  he  was  a  merchant ;  and  between 
May  and  October,  1775,  officiated  as  reader  of  the  Episcopal 
society.  After  the  burning  of  Falmoath  by  Mowatt,  he  re- 
treated from  Maine,  and  went  to  England.  In  1776  he  was 
in  London,  and  a  member  of  the  New  England  Club,  formed 
there  early  in  that  year,  by  several  Loyalists  of  Massachusetts, 
who  agreed  to  meet  and  have  a  dinner  weekly  at  the  Adelphi, 
Strand.  This  Club,  February  1st,  was  composed  of  the  fol- 
lowing members  :  —  Governor  Hutchinson,  Richard  Clark, 


OXNARD. 


189 


Joseph  Green,  Jonatlian  Bliss,  Jonatlinn  Sewall,  Joseph  Wal- 
do, S.  S.  Blowers,  Elisha  Hutchinson,  William  Hutchinson, 
Samuel  Sewall,  Samuel  Quincy,  Isaac  Smith,  Harrison  Gray, 
David  Greene,  Jonathan  Clark,  Thomas  Flucker,  Joseph 
Taylor,  Daniel  Silsbee,  Thomas  Brinley,  William  Cabot, 
John  S.  Copley,  Nathaniel  Coffin,  Samuel  Porter,  Benjamin 
Pickman,  John  Amory,  Robert  Auchmuty,  Major  Urquhart, 
Samuel  Curwen,  and  the  subject  of  this  notice  ;  all  of  whom, 
Uniuhart  excepted,  are  mentioned  in  these  volumes.  In 
1778,  Mr.  Oxnard  was  proscribed  and  banished.  He  returned 
to  Portland  soon  after  the  conclusion  of  hostilities,  and  was  an 
auctioneer  and  commission  merchant.  He  died  July  2d,  1803. 
His  wife,  who  was  Mary,  a  daughter  of  Jabez  Fox,  and  a 
descendant  of  John  Fox,  author  of  the  "  Book  of  Martyrs"  ; 
and  his  sons  William,  Edward,  and  John,  and  one  daughter, 
survived  him. 

OxNAUi),  Thomas.  Of  Falmouth,  Maine.  Brother  of 
Edward.  He  was  born  in  1740,  and  removed  to  Falmouth 
(now  Poi'tland)  some  years  previous  to  the  Revolution,  and 
established  himself  as  a  merchant.  In  1704  he  was  amonff 
those  who  seceded  from  the  old  parish,  and  formed  a  society 
of  Episcopalians.  In  1770,  after  Mr.  Lyde  was  commis- 
sioned Collector  of  the  Customs,  ho  was  appointed  deputy, 
continued  in  office  until  the  royal  authority  came  to  an  end, 
when  he  left  the  country.  In  1778  he  was  proscribed  and 
banished.  During  some  part  of  the  war  he  was  at  the  royal 
post  established  at  Castine,  and  in  1782  his  wife  was  permit- 
ted, by  a  resolve  of  the  General  Court,  to  join  him,  "  with  her 
two  servant  maids,  and  such  part  of  her  household  goods  as 
the  selectmen  of  Falmouth  should  admit.'"  At  a  period  sub- 
sequent to  the  war,  he  was  at  the  island  of  Grand  Menan, 
Bay  of  Fundy  ;  but  returned  to  Portland  not  long  after  the 
peace,  and  between  the  years  1787  and  1792,  officiated  as 
reader  to  the  Episcopal  society.  He  "  designed  to  go  to  Eng- 
land to  take  orders,  but  having  a  correspondence  with  Mr. 
Belsham,  of  London,  Doctor  Freeman,  of  Boston,  and  others, 
he  imbibed  Unitarian  views  of  religion,  and  not  being  able  to 


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PACKARD.  -  PADDOCK. 


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satisfy  liis  society  of  their  truth,  he  was  dismissed,  and  gave 
up  his  intention  of  preaching."  He  died  at  Portland,  May 
20,  1790,  aged  fifty-nine.  His  wife  was  Martha,  a  daughter 
of  General  Jedediah  Preble,  a  distinguished  Whig,  and  a  sister 
of  the  celebrated  Commodore  Edward  Preble,  of  the  United 
States  Navy.  His  children  were  Thomas,  Heiuy,  Stephen 
D.,  and  Martha.  Thomas  commanded  the  American  priva- 
teer True  Blooded  Yankee,  in  the  war  of  1812,  and  was  famous 
for  his  success  and  tlie  boldness  of  his  enterprises :  at  his 
death,  ho  requested  that  the  flag  of  his  country  should  be  his 
shroud.  Henry,  the  second  son,  who  was  a  merchant  and  a 
ship-owner,  and  a  gentleman  highly  beloved  for  his  many  vir- 
tues, died  at  Boston,'  December  15,  1813. 

Packard,  '^knjamin.  The  last  survivor  of  that  famous 
corps,  '*  Butler's  Rangers."  Removed  to  Canada  at  the 
peace,  and  died  there  in  1857,  aged  101  years.  He  was  a 
member  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church  for  sixty  years. 

Paddock,  Aiuno.  Of  Boston.  A  lineal  descendant  of 
Zachariah  Paddock,  branches  of  whose  family,  at  the  Revo- 
lutionary era,  were  to  be  found  in  various  parts  of  New 
England,  in  New  Jersey,  and  even  in  South  Carolina.  In 
1749,  Adino,  the  subject  of  this  notice,  married  Lydia 
Snelling,  by  whom  he  had  thirteen  children.  He  settled  in 
Boston,  where  he  manufactured  chairs,  and  transacted  his 
business  near  the  head  of  Bumstead  Place.  The  elm-trees  in 
Tremont  Street  were  i)lanted  by  him,  and  were  for  years  the 
objects  of  his  care.  It  is  related  that,  on  one  occasion,  he 
offered  the  reward  of  a  guinea  for  the  detection  of  the  person 
who  hacked  one  or  more  of  them.  Nine  of  Colonel  Pad- 
dock's children  died  in  infancy ;  and  John,  a  student  at  Har- 
vard College,  was  drowned  in  Charles  River,  while  bathing, 
in  1773.  He  commanded  the  companies  of  artillery  in  Bos- 
ton, with  the  rank  of  Major ;  and  two  of  the  four  brass  can- 
non, purchased  by  order  of  the  Legislature,  were  kept  in  a 
gun-house  near  his  own  dwelling.  As  he  was  heard  to  say 
that  he  designed  to  surrender  these  two  pieces  to  General 
Gage,  a  party  who  desired  a  far  different  use  to  be  made  of 


PADDOCK. 


141 


them,  (lisiTiantled  tliem  ;  ami,  lenvinjr  tlio  cnrriafjo!*,  carried 
tlicm  awiiv.  liotli  (lid  good  stTvice  to  the  Wliigs  in  the 
Revohitioii  ;  and,  yet  preserved,  bear  the  name,  one,  of 
'*  Hancock,"  and  tlio  other,  of  "Adams."  The  Comniittco 
of  Safety,  February  28,  177r),  after  he  was  disphiced,  voted 
that  Doctor  Joseph  Warren  ascertain  how  many  of  tlie  men 
wlu)  liad  been  under  liis  command,  could  "  be  depended  on 
....  to  form  an  artillery  company,  when  the  Constitutional 
Army  of  the  Province  shoultl  take  the  field ;  and  that  report 
be  made  without  loss  of  time."  In  March,  1770,  IMajor 
Paddock  embarked  for  Halifax  with  the  Royal  Army,  accom- 
panied by  his  wife,  and  by  Adino,  Elizabeth,  and  Rebecca, 
his  surviving  children  ;  and  in  June  of  that  year,  the  whole 
family,  his  son  Adino  excepted,  sailed  for  England.  In  1778 
he  was  proscribed  and  banished.  From  1781  until  his  de- 
cease he  resided  m  the  Isle  of  Jersey,  and  for  several 
years  held  the  ofhce  of  Inspector  of  Artillery  Stores,  with 
the  rank  of  Ca})tain.  He  died  March  "Jo,  1804,  aged  seventy- 
six  years.  Lydia,  his  wife,  died  at  the  Isle  of  Jersey,  in 
1781,  aged  fifty-one.  He  received  a  partial  compensation  for 
his  losses  as  a  Loyalist. 

Paudock,  Adino,  Jr.  Of  Boston.  Son  of  Major  Adino. 
Ho  accompanied  his  father  to  Halifax  in  177G,  as  related 
above,  and  in  177l>  followed  him  to  England,  where  he  en- 
tered upon  the  study  of  medicine  and  surgery.  Having  at- 
tended the  ditf'erent  hosjjitals  of  London,  and  fitted  himself 
for  practice,  he  rc'.u'ued  to  America  before  the  c'.ose  of  the 
Revolution,  and  was  surgeon  of  the  King's  American  Dra- 
goons. In  1784  he  marrii'd  Margaret  Ross,  of  Casco  Bay, 
Maine,  and  settling  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  confined  his 
attention  to  professional  pursuits.  In  addition  to  extensive 
and  successful  private  practice,  he  enjoyed  from  Government 
the  post  of  surgeon  to  the  ordnance  of  New  Brunswick.  He 
died  at  St.  Mary's,  York  County,  in  1817,  aged  fifty-eight. 
Margaret,  his  wife,  died  at  St.  John,  in  181.5,  at  the  age  of 
fifty.  The  fruit  of  their  union  was  ten  children  ;  of  whom 
three  sons,  namely,  Adino,  Thomas,  and  John,  were  educated 


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PAGAN. 


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pliysicinns.  Adirio  commenced  practice  in  1808,  and  is  still 
(184(1)  living  at  Kingston,  New  Brunswick.  Thomas  mar- 
ried Miiry,  daughter  of  Arthur  McLellan,  Es(|.,  of  Port- 
land, Maine,  and  died  at  St.  John,  deeply  lamented,  in  1888, 
aged  forty-seven. 

Patjan,  Robert.  A  native  of  Glasgow,  Scotland.  Was 
born  in  1750.  He  emigrated  to  America  early  in  life,  and 
established  himself  as  a  merchant  at  Falmouth,  Maine  (now 
Portland).  Though  a  young  man,  "  ho  pursued  on  a  large 
scale  the  lumber  business  and  sliip-building.  The  ships  which 
were  built  were  not  generally  employed  in  our  trade,  but  with 
their  cargoes  sent  to  Europe  and  sold.  Mr.  Pagan  kept  on 
the  corner  of  Kiug  and  Fore  Streets  the  largest  stock  of 
goods  which  was  employed  here  before  tiic  war;  he  was  a 
man  of  popular  manners  and  much  beloved  by  the  jieojjle." 
In  1774  he  was  member  of  a  Committee  to  ascertain  the 
names  of  the  holders  of  tea  in  town,  and  the  quantity  and  the 
quality  of  that  obnoxious  article.  A  year  later  he  became  in- 
volved in  the  controversies  of  the  time,  and  abandoned  his 
business  and  the  country,  soon  after  the  burning  of  Falmouth 
by  Mowatt.  While  the  British  Army  occupied  Philadelphia, 
a  person  of  this  singular  name  was  a  merchant  there.  In 
1778  Mr.  Pagan  was  proscribed  and  banished.  He  settled  at 
St.  Andrew,  New  Brunswick,  in  1784,  and  became  one  of 
the  principal  men  in  the  county  of  Charlotte.  After  serving 
tlie  Crown  as  agent  for  lands  in  New  Brunswick,  and  in 
superintending  affairs  connected  with  grants  to  Loyalists,  he 
was  in  commission  as  a  magistrate,  as  Judge  of  a  Court,  and 
as  Colonel  in  the  militia;  and,  being  a  favorite  among  the  free- 
holders of  the  county,  was  elected  to  the  House  of  Assembly, 
and  for  several  years  was  a  leading  member  of  that  body. 
Judge  Pagan  died  at  St.  Andrew,  November  23,  1821;  and 
Miriam,  his  widow,  (a  daughter  of  Jeremiah  Pote,)  deceased 
at  the  same  place,  January,  1828,  aged  eighty-one.  They 
were  childless. 

Pagan,  Thomas.      Brother  of  Robert  Pagan.     He  went 
to  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  at  the  peace,  was  one  of  the 


PAGAN.  — PAINE. 


148 


grantci's  of  that  city,  and  establislied  himself  as  a  merchant. 
Hu  removed  to  Halifax,  and,  while  absent  in  Scotland  for  the 
benefit  of  his  health,  died  in  1804. 

Pagan,  William.  Of  Maine.  Brother  of  Robert  and 
Thomas.  He  settled  in  New  IJrunswick,  and  was  a  member 
of  the  House  of  Assembly,  and  of  tlie  Council.  His  death 
occurred  at  Fredericton,  March  12,  1819. 

Paine,  Timothy.  Of  VV^orcester,  Massachusetts.  He 
graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1748.  He  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  General  Court  for  some  years,  and  a  stout  "  gov- 
ernment-man "  in  the  controversies  in  that  body  which  pre- 
ceded the  Revolution.  In  1774  he  was  appointed  a  Mandamus 
(!ouncillor,  and  in  August  of  that  year,  about  fifteen  hundred 
people  assembled  on  the  Common  in  Worcester,  and  elected 
Joseph  Gilbert,  John  Goulding,  Edward  Rawson,  Thomas 
Dennie,  and  Joshua  Bigelow,  a  committee  to  wait  upon  him, 
and  to  demand  of  him  satisfaction  for  having  accepted  the 
appointment.  After  some  delay  he  wrote  and  signed  his 
resignation.  The  committee  insisted  further  that  he  should 
personally  appear  before  the  ])eopli> :  this  he  did.  It  was 
then  insisted  that  he  should  i  ad  the  paper  himself,  and  with 
his  hat  off.  He  hesitat<'d,  and  demanded  the  protection  of 
the  committee,  but  finally  ODinplied,  and  was  allowed  to 
retire  to  his  dwelling  unhanned.  The  object  of  the  multi- 
tude having  been  ao'oniplished,  they  withdrew  in  companies, 
those  of  each  town  marching  off  in  a  separate  body.  "■  Solid 
talents,  practical  sense,  candor,  sincerity,  affability,  and  mild- 
ness, were  the  characteristics  of  his  life."  He  died  July  17, 
1793,  at  the  age  of  sixty-three.  His  widow  died  at  Woii-es- 
ter,  in  1811. 

Paink,  Samuel.  <>f  Worcester,  Massachusetts.  Son  of 
Timothy.  Graduated  it  Harvard  University  in  1771.  The 
Worcester  County  Convention,  September  7,  1774,  "  Voted, 
To  take  notice  of  Mr.  Samuel  Paine,  assistant  clerk,  for  send- 
ing out  venires.  Voted,  That  Mr.  Samuel  Dennison  go  to 
Mr.  Samuel  Paine  forthwith,  and  desire  his  immediate  attend- 
ance before  this  body,  to  answer  for  sending  venires  to  the 


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constables,  cominanding  tlieir  compliance  with  the  late  Act  of 
Parliament." 

Mr.  Paine  appeared  and  stated  that  he  felt  bound  by  the 
duty  of  his  office  to  comply  with  the  Act.  "Voted,  That 
Mr.  Paine  has  not  given  satisfaction,  and  that  he  be  allowed 
to  consider  till  the  adjournment  of  this  meeting." 

On  the  21st  of  September,  he  transmitted  a  paper  to 
the  Convention,  explanatory  of  his  course,  but  that  body 
"  Voted,  That  it  '  was  not  satisfactory,  and  that  it  be  com- 
mitted to  Messrs.  Joseph  Henshaw,  Mr.  Bigelow,  and  Mr. 
Doolittle,"  who  i-eported,  that,  as  the  writer  was  "  a  young 
man,"  &c.,  &c.,  his  "  letter  be  dismissed,"  and  Mr.  Paine 
himself  "  be  treated  with  all  neglect." 

In  1775  our  Loyalist  was  sent  by  the  Committee  of 
Worcester,  under  guard,  "  to  Watertown  or  Cambridge,  to  be 
dealt  with  as  the  honorable  Conjfress  or  Commander-in-Chief 
shall,  upon  examination,  think  proper."  His  direct  offences 
consisted,  apparently,  in  saying  that  the  Hampshii'e  troops 
had  robbed  the  house  of  Mr.  Bradish  ;  that  he  had  heard  the' 
Whig  soldiers  were  deserting  in  great  numbers  ;  and  that  he 
was  told  "  the  men  were  so  close  stowed  in  the  Colleges  that 
they  were  lousy."  This  is  the  substance  of  the  testimony  of 
a  neighbor,  the  only  witness  who  appeared  against  him,  and 
who  had  a  conversation  with  him  (in  the  garden  of  the  wit- 
ness) immediately  after  he  had  been  on  a  visit  to  Cambridge, 
where  the  Whig  Army  was  then  encamped.  In  1770  Mr. 
Paine  accompanied  the  British  Army  from  Boston  to  Hali- 
fax. During  the  war,  he  wandered  from  place  to  place,  and 
apparently  without  regular  employment.  He  returned  to 
Massachusetts.  The  British  Government  allowed  him  an 
annual  pension  of  £84.    He  died  at  Worcester  in  1807. 

Paixe,  William.  Of  Worcester,  Massachusetts.  Son  of 
Timotliy.  Graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1768.  He 
was  educated  to  the  medical  profession,  and  having  been  pro- 
scribed under  the  Act  of  1778,  became  apothecary  to  the  Brit- 
ish forces  in  Rhode  Island  and  New  York.  In  1784  he  took 
possession  of  the  Island  of  Le  Tete,  Passamaquoddy  Bay, 


PALMER. 


145 


I IV 


'   '     .:\ 


1 


which  had  been  granted  him  for  services,  and  built  a  liouse, 
intending  to  live  there.  The  place,  well  known  to  me,  was  too 
lone  and  desolate  ;  and  he  removed  to  St.  John,  New  Bruns- 
wick, where  he  practised  his  profession.  He  was  elected  to  the 
House  of  Assembly,  was  the  Clerk  of  that  body,  and  Deputy- 
Surveyor  of  the  King's  Forests.  In  1787  he  obtained  permis- 
sion to  return  to  Salem.  In  1793  he  fixed  his  residence  in 
Worcester,  where  he  died,  April  19, 1833,  aged  eighty-three. 

Palmer,  Nathan.  A  lieutenant  of  Tory  levies.  He  was 
detected  in  the  camp  of  General  Putnam.  Governor  Tryon 
claimed  his  surrender,  when  Putnam  replied  :  "  Sir  ;  Nathan 
Palmer,  a  lieutenant  in  your  King's  service,  was  taken  in  my 
camp  as  a  spy,  he  was  tried  as  a  spy,  he  was  condemned  as  a 
spy,  and  you  may  rest  assured,  sir,  that  he  shall  be  hanged  as 
a  spy. 

"  P.  S.     Afternoon  — he  is  hanged." 

In  some  accoimts  this  man  is  called  Edmund  Palmer. 

He  "  was  a  young  man  of  athletic  form,  and  possessed  ele- 
gant attainments  ;  had  a  wife  and  children  then  residing  in 
Yorktown,  the  place  of  his  nativity ;  and  was  connected  with 
some  of  the  most  respectable  families  of  West  Chester  County. 
The  morning  previous  to  his  execution,  his  wife,  with  a  child 
in  her  arms,  appealed  to  Putnam  to  spare  him.  ..."  In  the 
artless  and  winning  eloquence  of  a  bursting  heart,  she  repre- 
sented the  awful  situation  in  which  she  would  be  placed  should 
the  fearful  sentence  that  had  been  ])assed  upon  her  husband 
be  carried  into  effect.  She  implored,  by  every  tie  of  affection 
that  bound  two  young  hearts  together,  —  for  the  sake  of  the 
infant  she  pressed  to  her  bosom,"  —  ...  by  Putnam's  "  own 
feelings  as  a  husband  and  a  father,  to  have  mercy  on  him  who 
was  all  to  her  this  world  could  bestow."  ..."  With  a  dig- 
nity of  purpose,  and  a  countenance  that  told  how  intense  were 
his  feelings,"  the  General  replied  that  the  object  of  her  love 
"must  die."  She  became  insensible,  was  borne  from  the  tent, 
and  conveyed  to  her  friends. 

At  the  execution,  "  the  trees  and  fences  were  filled  with 
men,  women,  and  children,  who  had  come  far  and  near  to 

VOL.  II.  13 


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PALMER.  — PANTON. 


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witness  tlie  awful  scene."  Palmer  "  met  his  fate  with  the  forti- 
tude of  a  man."  The  gallows  on  whicli  he  was  hung  remained 
standing  for  several  years. 

Pat.mer,  Thomas.  Of  Massachusetts.  He  graduated  at 
Harvard  University  in  1761.  In  1774  he  was  appointed  a 
Mandamus  Councillor,  but  was  not  sworn  into  office.  He 
died  in  1820.  He  gave  his  library  to  the  University,  "  and  a 
cood  one  it  was." 

Palmer,  Rohkrt.  Of  Beaufort,  North  Carolina.  His  prop- 
erty was  confiscated  in  1779.  He  went  to  England.  The 
British  Government  gave  him  a  pension  of  £800,  for  life. 

Palmkr,  Gideon.  A  coroner  of  Westmoreland  County, 
New  Brunswick.  Died  at  St.  John,  in  1824,  aged  seventy- 
five. 

Panton,  Wiij.iam.  Of  Georgia.  Attainted  and  estate 
confiscated.  He  removed  early  in  the  struggle,  and  settled 
in  Florida.  In  1794  he  lived  at  Pensacola.  During  the 
Revolution  he  was  the  particular  friend  and  agent  of  Colonel 
Browne,  who  succeeded  Colonel  Stuart  in  the  British  super- 
intendencv  of  the  four  southern  nations  of  Indians  ;  and  a 
large  proportion  of  the  presents  of  the  liritish  Government  to 
these  nations  ))assed  tlirough  his  hands,  and  the  hands  of  his 
connections  in  different  parts  of  Florida  ;  and  from  the  Span- 
ish Government  he  had  authority  to  import  goods  directly 
from  England,  to  conduct  an  extensive  Indian  trade.  His 
importations  are  estimated  in  our  State-papers  at  £40,000 
annually.  From  these  papers  it  appears,  also,  that  he  was 
particularly  hostile  to  the  United  States,  and  frequently  told 
the  Creeks,  when  he  delivered  them  arms,  that  "  these  guns 
were  to  kill  the  Americans,  and  that  he  had  rather  have  them 
applied  to  that  use  than  to  the  shooting  of  deer.  That  the 
feelings  attributed  to  Mr.  Panton  were  very  common  among 
the  Loyalists,  who  established  their  residence  with,  or  in  the 
vicinity  of  the  savage  tribes,  there  is  ample  evidence.  To  the 
agency  of  such  persons,  indeed,  the  desolating  wars  which  oc- 
curred on  our  frontiers  a  few  years  after  the  peace  of  1783, 
and  especially  in  Washington's  administration,  are  supposed 


PANTON.  — PARKER. 


147 


to  be  justly  chargeable.  In  the  course  of  the  transactions  of 
the  firm  of  Panton,  Leslie  &  Co.,  of  which  Mr.  Panton  was 
a  member,  a  large  debt  became  due  from  the  Indians,  which, 
by  consent  of  Spain,  was  finally  extinguished  by  the  convey- 
ance of  a  tract  of  land  in  Florida  forty  miles  square :  this  do- 
main, I  am  led  to  conclude,  was  in  the  hands  of  John  Forbes 
&  Co.  in  1821,  as  the  successors  of  the  fii'st  mentioned  firm. 

Panton,  Gkorgk.  A  clergyman  of  New  Jersey.  In  July, 
1788,  he  was  at  New  York,  and  one  of  the  fifty-five  Loyal- 
ists who  petitioned  for  lands  in  Nova  Scotia.     [See  Abijah 

Pai'Lky,  John.  Of  Pennsylvania.  Left  Philadelphia  in 
Decembei',  1778,  and  was  captured  in  command  of  the  armed 
schooner  Potxcif,  bound  from  St.  Kitts  to  New  York.     His 


comnnssion  as 


(' 


•  to  act  against  the  Whigs  was  found, 
and  produced  af  1=  rAa\  for  treason.  In  1779  he  was  in 
prison  in  Philadelpliia,  where  his  wife  and  family  then  lived. 

Parker,  Rkv.  Samuel,  D.  D.  Of  Boston.  Second  Epis- 
copal Bishop  of  (he  Eastern  Diocese. 

He  was  the  son  of  William  Parker,  a  Judge  of  the  Superior 
Court  of  New  Hampshire,  was  born  at  Portsmouth  in  1744, 
and  graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  17(54.  He  taught 
school  at  Roxbury,  immediately  after  leaving  the  University, 
and  at  Newburyport  and  Portsmouth,  while  fitting  himself 
tor  the  ministry.  In  1778  he  was  elected  Assistant  Rector 
of  Trinity  Church,  Boston,  and  repaired  to  England  for  ordi- 
nation. In  the  early  part  of  the  Revolution  "  he  was  sub- 
jected to  many  severe  trials."  The  clergymen  who  officiated 
at  King's  Chapel  and  at  Christ  Church,  Hed ;  but  Mr.  Parker 
remained,  and,  in  the  progress  of  events,  "  found  himself  in 
circumstances  of  imminent  peril."  Soon  after  the  Declaration 
of  Independence,  "  he  called  a  meeting  of  his  Vestry  and 
Wardens,  and  informed  them  that  he  could  not  with  safety 
continue  to  perform  the  Church  Service,  particularly  that  part 
of  it  in  which  prayers  were  offered  for  the  King ;  that  he  had 
been  publicly  interrui»ted  in  reading  it  on  the  preceding  Lord's 
Day  ;  and  was  apprehensive  of  serious  consequences,  if  he 


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148 


PARKER. 


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should  attempt  it  again."  The  result  was  a  vote,  requesting 
him  to  continue  to  officiate,  and  to  omit  the  part  of  the  Lit- 
urgy which  haf  "aused  offence.  In  1779  he  was  elected 
Rector ;  and,  at  the  decease  of  Bishop  Bass,  in  1803,  Bishop. 
He  died  in  1804,  less  than  three  months  after  his  consecration, 
aged  fifty-nine.  His  wife  was  Anne,  daughter  of  John  Cut- 
ler, of  Boston,  who  bore  him  six  sons  and  six  daughters. 

Parkek,  Wtmjam.  Of  Portsmouth,  New  Hampshire. 
Judge  of  the  Superior  Court.  The  tradition  is  that  his  moth- 
er was  a  daughter  of  the  Earl  of  Derby ;  that,  falling  in  love 
with  William  Parker,  .she  became  his  wife,  and,  abandoning 
fortune  and  family  honors,  followed  him  to  America  to  live 
almost  unknown,  and  to  endure  privation  and  l.  jntal  distress 
on  account  of  her  mai*riage. 

Be  the  story  as  it  may,  the  subject  of  this  notice  was  lorn 
in  Portsmouth  in  1703,  and  having  been  educalod  at  a  public 
school  there,  worked  awhile  with  his  father  in  a  tannery.  A 
teacher  for  some  time,  he  studied  law  in  his  leisure  hours,  and 
was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1732.  His  first  office  was  that  of 
Clerk  to  the  Commissioners  to  determine  the  boundary  be- 
tween Massachusetts  and  Maine.  Subsequently  he  was  ap- 
pointed Register  of  Probate,  Judge  of  Admiralty,  and  Notary- 
PuUic.  In  1771  he  was  elevated  to  the  Bench  of  the  Supe- 
rior Court.  Removed  with  the  other  Judges  who  held  office 
under  the  Ci'own,  he  took  no  further  part  in  jniblic  affiiirs. 
He  died  in  17H1,  at  the  age  of  seve;ity-seven.  Harvard  Uni- 
versity conferred  the  honorary  degree  of  A.  M.  His  reputa- 
tion was  that  of  a  "  well-read  and  accurate  lawyer,"  and  of  a 
proficient  in  classical  literature.  "  Ho  was  emphatically  a  self- 
made  man." 

Paukkr,  Jamks.  Of  Norfolk,  Virginia.  Merchant.  He 
joined  Lord  Dunmore  in  1776,  and  was  a  Captain.  On  board 
of  one  of  his  Lordsliip's  tenders  which  was  driven  on  shore, 
he  was  made  prisoner  by  a  party  of  Whigs.  Captured  a 
second  time  by  the  French  squadi'on,  he  was  sent  to  France. 
The  ship  in  which  he  first  eudjarked  foundered  at  sea  ;  but 
all  on  board  were  saved. 


PARKER.  -  PARRY. 


149 


';;!■>! 


'' 


1 


Parker,  Robert.  Of  Massachusetts.  He  settled  in  New 
Brunswick  in  1783,  and  was  directly  appointed  Store-keeper 
of  Ordnance,  and  Comptroller  of  the  C'ustoms  for  the  port  of 
St.  John,  and  filled  these  offices  many  years,  until  his  decease. 
He  died  in  that  city,  in  1823,  aged  seventy-three.  His  only 
daughter,  Eliza  Jane,  married  Frederick  Du  Vernet,  of  the 
Royal  Staft'  Corps,  in  181G.  His  son,  Robert  Parker,  (184:6,) 
is  a  Judge  of  the  Supreme  Court ;  and  his  son,  Neville  Parker, 
Esq.,  is  Master  of  the  Rolls  of  New  Brunswick.  Jane,  his 
widow,  died  at  St.  John,  in  1852,  aged  eighty-eight. 

Parker,  John.  Of  New  York.  In  the  autumn  of  1780 
a  young  Whig,  of  the  name  of  Shew,  was  captured  in  the 
woods  near  Ballston,  by  a  party  of  Indians  and  Tories,  .  .ud 
at  the  instigation  of  Parker,  instantly  murdered.  l*arker 
himself,  not  long  after,  fell  into  the  hands  of  his  foes,  and  was 
tried,  convicted,  and  executed  at  Albany,  as  a  spy. 

Parker,  James.  Of  North  Carolina.  The  Provincial 
Congress,  April,  1770,  ordered  Commissioners  to  take  posses- 
sion of  all  his  negroes  and  to  lease  his  plantation.  In  1778 
banished,  and  estate  confiscated.  h\  1704  he  resided  in  Eng- 
land, and  in  that  year  applied  to  the  British  Government  to 
interpose  for  the  rep(;very  of  some  large  debts  due  to  him  in 
America  at  the  time  of  his  banishment. 

Parlee,  Petef.  Died  at  Sussex  Vale,  New  Brunswick, 
1832. 

Parr,  John.  Of  Morris  County,  New  Jersey.  A  Tory 
robber.  In  1782  he  was  overtaken  in  a  svamp  —  t  >  of  his 
hiding-places  —  woui-ded,  seized,  and  put  ii   jail. 

Parry,  Edward.  Merchant.  Of  Portsmouth,  New 
Hampshire.  In  September,  1774,  he  stated  his  wrongs  at 
the  iiands  of  the  Whigs,  in  a  memorial  addressed  to  Governor 
Wentworth.  He  was  the  Portsmouth  consignee  of  the  Tea. 
Two  parcels  were  sent  to  him.  The  first  was  landed  and 
stored  in  the  Custom-house,  without  the  knowledge  of  the 
people.  This,  upon  recp'sition,  he  reshipped  to  Halifax  with- 
out disturbance,  after  paying  the  duty,  in  rder  to  obtain  a 
clearance  from  the  Collector  of  the  Customs.  The  second  lot 
13* 


if.  •■ 


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1:. 


ri'fiSi 


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I 


i 


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iJ 


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lift!  i  Ml 

:    '  '1 ' 


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m 


150 


PARSONS.  —  PATERSON. 


'      ;       t 


1 

i 
i 

i  i 


\^ 


was  likewise  reslii[)ped  ;  but  not  until  Mr.  Parry  had  been  in 
the  hands  of  a  mob,  who  demolished  his  windows,  and  caused 
him  to  claim  the  nrotcotion  of  the  Governor.  He  was  in 
prison  and  in  imi  May  6,  1775  ;  in  August  of  the  same 
year,  the  General  ,)u' '  of  Massachusetts  ordered  iiim  to  be 
sent  to  Sturbridge,  there  to  be  detained  and  provided  for  by 
tiie  Selectmen.  A  prisoner,  June,  1776,  he  prayed  for  re- 
lease, and  was  allowed,  by  resolve,  to  return  to  Portsmouth, 
on  parole,  to  settle  his  private  affairs. 

Parsons,  Rev.  David.  Of  Amherst,  Massachusetts. 
Congregational  Minister.  Graduated  at  Harvard  University 
in  1729.  He  commenced  preaching  at  Amherst  late  in  1735, 
and  in  April,  173"^,  wa.->  invited  to  settle  there,  but  declined. 
The  invitation  was  renewed  in  1739,  and  accepted.  In  1777 
the  wari'ant  for  a  town-meeting  contained  two  articles,  which, 
as  well  as  the  vote  therein,  show  that  he  had  given  offence  to 
the  Whigs,  by  his  course  in  politics.  His  relations  with  liis 
people  continued,  however,  until  his  decease,  in  1781,  in  the 
sixty-eighth  year  of  his  age.  His  son.  Rev.  David  Parsons, 
D.  D.,  was  his  successor. 

Partelow,  Jehiel.  Of  Connecticut.  Went  to  St.  John, 
New  Brunswick,  at  the  peace,  and  was  one  of  the  gran- 
tees of  that  city.  He  died  in  St.  John,  in  1831,  aged  eighty- 
seven.  His  son  Jehiel  died  at  the  same  place  in  1837,  at  the 
age  of  sixty-six.  John  R.  Partelow,  son  of  the  second  Jehiel, 
was  many  years  Chamberlain  of  St.  John,  a  member  of  the 
House  of  Assembly,  and  a  leading  politician  of  New  Bruns- 
wick. 

Partelow,  Matthew.  Of  Connecticut.  Brother  of 
Jehiel  Partelow.  Was  one  of  the  grantees  of  St.  John,  New 
Brunswick,  1783,  and  died  there  in  1834,  aged  eighty-seven. 
Mrs.  Hannah  Wilbur,  his  daughter,  died  at  the  same  place  in 
1846,  at  the  age  of  seventy-three. 

Partelow,  Richard.  Of  Connecticut.  Died  at  St. 
John,  New  Brunswick,  in  the  year  1800,  aged  ninety-eight. 

Paterson,  John.  Of  New  York.  Was  an  Addresser  of 
the  King  at  London,  1779 ;  and  the  same  year  he  was  directed 


!     I       ' 


I  vfe 


PATTERSON. 


151 


■ 

:) 

1 :  *^i.:  K: 

'  < 

■r, 

1 

to  testify  before  Parliament,  on  the  inquiry  into  the  conduct 

of  Sir  William  Howe  and  General  Burgoyne,  wliilo  in  Amer- 
ica, but  was  not  examined. 

Patterson,  Wilijam.  Sheriff  of  i^umbcrland  County, 
New  Hampshire  Grants,  now  Vermont.  In  the  difficulties 
which  occuiTed  between  the  Whigs  and  Loyalists  of  that 
county,  early  in  1775,  he  seems  to  have  borne  a  prominent, 
and  a  most  unfortunate  part.  According  to  a  ."cport  drawn 
uj)  by  the  Whig  Committee,  the  disputes  then  common  in 
all  parts  of  the  country  were  aggravated  and  increased  by  an 
attempt  of  some  persons  in  authority,  in  the  Royal  interest,  to 
suppress  circular  letters  from  the  Committee  of  Correspond- 
ence of  the  city  of  New  York,  in  1774.  In  the  course  of 
the  dissensions  which  followed  a  knowledge  of  this  circum- 
stance by  the  Whigs,  an  attempt  was  made  by  them  to  pre- 
vent the  usual  session  of  the  County  Coi'-  when  Mr.  Pat- 
terson a])peared  at  the  Court-House,  at  me  head  of  a  party 
of  armed  adherents  of  the  Crown,  directed  the  King's  Proc- 
lamation to  be  road,  and  ordered  the  Whigs  "  to  disperse  in 
fifteen  minutes,  or  by  God  he  would  blow  a  lane  through 
them."  Colonel  Chandler,  one  of  the  Judges,  had  been  con- 
sulted on  a  previous  day,  as  to  the  expediency  of  the  Courtis 
sitting  in  the  existing  state  of  public  feeling,  and  had  pro- 
mised that  no  force  should  be  used  against  the  Whiirs  who 
might  assemble  at  the  Court-House,  to  carry  out  their  inten- 
tions of  stopping  legal  proceedings  ;  and  the  presence  of  Pat- 
terson, thus  attended,  was  of  course  wholly  unexpected. 
The  Whigs  were  unarmed.  Colonel  Chandler  was  appealed 
to,  acknowledged  what  he  had  said,  and  averred  that  arms 
had  been  brought  to  the  pround  without  his  consent  or  knowl- 
edge ;  and  still  continuing  his  pacific  disposition,  endeavored 
to  disarm  Patterson's  party,  and  prevent  extremities.  But  his 
exertions  and  moderate  counsels  were  without  avail.  Angry 
words,  oaths,  imprecations,  and  threats,  ensued  ;  and,  finally, 
bloodshed.  Several  of  the. Whigs  were  maimed  and  woundedv 
and  one,  of  the  name  of  William  French,  received  four  bullets, 
one  of  which  went  through  his  brain  and  killed  him.    Violent 


mvi 


m 


:  I 


Miiiii 


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'Ill 

:  } 


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iri! 

!    .  I 


^ 


'■'   11 


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11 


A 


"      :    . 


*a      I     fi   li  I 


152 


PATTERSON. 


ll 


I 

HI 


commotions  rapidly  followed  these  proceedings.  A  consider- 
able body  of  men  equipped  for  war,  from  New  Hampshire  and 
Massachusetts,  soon  arrived ;  and  the  Government  of  New 
York  interposed.  That  Mr.  Patterson  was  very  mucli  in 
fault,  in  the  transactions  which  connect  his  name  with  the  sad 
deeds  here  briefly  considered,  hardly  admits  of  a  doubt ;  and 
appears  as  well  from  the  statenients  of  the  Loyalists,  as  from 
the  report  of  the  Whig  Committee.  And  besides,  the  course 
of  events  in  the  House  of  Assembly  shows  a  state  of  feeling 
quite  unfavorable  to  his  excidpation.  liy  referring  to  the 
doings  of  that  body,  in  the  session  commenced  in  January, 
177o,  it  will  be  found  that  Mr.  Brush,  a  member  of  the 
Ministerial  party,  moved  for  a  grant  of  .£1000,  for  the  pur- 
pose of  "reinstating  and  maintaining  the  due  administration  of 
justice  in  said  county  [of  Cumberland],  and  for  the  suppress- 
ion of  riots  therein ; "  which  sum,  after  debate,  was  voted. 
But  every  Whig  member  present,  and  several  of  Mr.  Brush's 
party,  voted  against  the  measure  ;  and  it  was  carried  by  a 
majority  of  oidy  two,  including  the  Speaker.  It  is  to  be  re- 
marked, that,  while  the  Whigs  at  the  Court-House  deny  that 
they  were  amned,  Patterson's  friends  assert  the  contrary  ; 
though  both  agree  in  the  important  circumstance,  that  the 
Loyalists  were  the  first  to  use  weapons,  —  the  first  to  fire. 

He  was  imprisoned  at  Northampton,  Massachusetts,  but 
released  in  November,  1775.  Of  his  liib  subsequently  I  have 
no  certain  information.  A  Loyalist  of  this  name,  however, 
embarked  at  Boston  with  the  British  Army  for  Halifax,  in 
1770  ;  and  I  find  the  death  of  William  Patterson  (who  had 
been  Governor  of  the  Island  of  St.  John,  Gulf  of  St  Law- 
rence) at  London,  in  1798. 

Pattkkson,  John.  Of  Maryland.  A  clergyman  in  the 
county  of  Kent.  In  L'ecember,  1775,  he  was  sent  under  a 
guard  of  four  militia  men  to  the  Maryland  Convention,  ac- 
cused of  disrespect  to  the  Whig  authorities,  and  of  saying  that 
"  there  was  more  liberty  in  Turkey  than  in  this  Province." 
He  was  censured  by  the  President  "  for  the  indecency  and 
intemperance  of  his  expressions,"  and  discharged  on  acknowl- 


PATTINSON.  -  PAXTON, 


153 


edgment  of  his  offence,  on  promise  of  neutrality,  and  on  pay- 
ment of  the  expenses  of  the  proceedings  against  him.  In 
1782  he  was  Chaplain  of  the  Maryland  Loyalists. 

Pattinson,  Thomas.  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  the  Prince 
of  Wales'  American  Volunteers.  He  died  at  Charleston, 
South  Carolina,  before  December,  1782. 

Paul,  .      Of  Bucks  County,  Pennsylvania.      In 

1782  he  was  sentenced  to  d.u  as  a  spy,  and  was  confined  in 
the  camp  of  Lafayette.  The  evening  before  the  day  appointed 
for  his  execution  he  escaped.  In  1788,  Jonathan  Paul,  a 
Loyalist  of  Pennsylvania,  settled  at  Pennfield,  New  Bruns- 
wick. 

Paxton,  Charlks.  He  was  one  of  the  Commissioners  of 
the  Customs  at  Boston  ;  was  proscribed  and  banished,  and  his 
estate  was  confiscated.  In  1769  he  and  his  associates  were 
])osted  in  the  "  Boston  Gazette  "  by  James  Otis.  It  was  this 
card  of  Otis's  which  brought  on  the  altercation  with  Robinson, 
another  commissioner,  in  the  coffee-house  in  State  Street,  that 
stood  on  the  site  of  the  ])resent  Massachusetts  Bank  ;  and  which 
resulted  in  injuries  to  the  head  of  the  first  champion  of  the 
Revolution,  from  which  he  never  recovered.  Paxton  was 
remarkable  for  finished  politeness  and  courtesy  of  manners. 
His  office  was  unpopular  and  even  odious ;  and  the  wags  of 
the  daj,  made  merry  with  qualities,  which,  at  any  other  time, 
would  have  commanded  rosi)ect.  On  Pope-day,  as  the  Gun- 
powder Plot  anniversary,  or  5th  of  November,  was  called, 
there  was  usually  a  grand  i)ageant  of  various  figures  on  a 
stage  mounted  on  whee's  and  drawn  through  the  streets  with 
horses.  Lanterns,  transparencies  of  oiled  paper  having  in- 
scriptions ;  figures  of  the  Pretender  suspended  to  a  gibbet  of 
the  Devil,  and  the  Pope  with  appropriate  implements  and  dress, 
were  among  the  objects  devised  to  draw  attention  and  make 
up  the  show.  Sometimes  political  characters,  who  in  p  ,»ular 
estimation  should  keep  company  with  the  pei'sonages  repre- 
sented, were  added ;  and  of  these,  Commissioner  Paxton  was 
one.  On  one  occasion  he  was  exhibited  between  the  figures 
of  the  Devil  and  the  Pope,  in  proper  figure,  with  this  label : 


■  1 

1' 

i 


li" 


■it 


I>1 


(I 


i 


;  I    -  1, 


I! 

'til 


;»,! 


';!•! 


' '    i 

^■i'l'l 


■■"':■  .'i:'J 
I,   ■ 


I:       t 


154 


PAXTON. 


)  , 


M  i 


"  Eiwr//  nuoi^H  humhlv  K(rvnnf,  but  V"  mnn^n  JrlentV  Pope- 
day  was  never  celebrated  after  the  shetldiii<;  of  blood  at  Lex- 
ington. As  head  of  the  Hoard  of  Commissioners,  Mr  Paxtun 
directed  his  deputy  at  Salem,  Mr.  Cockle,  in  17U0,  to  apply 
to  the  Court  for  the  Writs  of  Assistance,  under  which  the 
offi'-ers  of  the  revenue  were  to  have  authority  to  enter  and 
search  all  places  which  they  should  suspect  to  contain  snuig- 
gled  goods.  In  the  discussions  consequent  upon  this  applica- 
tion, J'  H's  Otis  distinguished  himself,  and  during  his  great 
speech  on  the  question,  "  Indei)endence,"  said  John  Adams, 
"  was  born." 

As  far  as  individual  men  are  concerned,  I  have  come  to  be- 
lieve that  Charles  Townshend,  in  Enuland,  and  Charles  Pax- 
ton,  in  America,  were  among  the  most  efficient  in  producing 
the  Revolution.  The  minister  was  a  wonderful  man  every 
way,  and  as  wonderful  in  his  eccentricities,  follies,  and  vices, 
as  in  his  intellect,  eloijuence,  boldness,  and  connnand  of  the 
House  of  Commons;  Paxton  was  a  place-hunter,  bought 
office  with  money,  and  was  as  rapacious  as  the  fabled  harpy. 
As  tlie  disputes  which  j)receded  the  war  increased,  the  visits 
of  Paxton  to  London  became  frecpient.  He  went  there  as 
the  authorized  agent  of  the  Crown  officers,  to  com|)hiin  of  the 
merchants  for  resisting  the  obnoxious  Acts  of  Parliament,  and 
to  care  for  the  interests  of  himself  and  of  his  employers.  He 
possessed  "  as  much  of  the  friendship  of  Charles  Townshend 
as  a  selfish  client  may  obtain  from  an  intriguing  patron "'  ; 
and  it  is  known  that  he  was  in  England,  and  was  in  the  coun- 
sels of  that  minister  when  his  plans  relating  to  the  C'olonies 
were  devised  and  presented  to  the  House  of  ('ommons.  The 
Board  of  Commissioners  of  the  Customs  was  established  at 
Boston  while  Paxton  was  abroad,  and  he  was  appointed  a 
member  of  it,  as  T  think  there  is  evidence,  simply,  for  a 
pecuniary  consideration. 

After  he  entered  upon  his  duties,  lie  was  efficient  and  active 
beyond  his  associates.  John  Adams  says  that  he  was  "  the 
essence  of  customs,  taxation,  and  revenue  "  ;  that  he  appeared 
at  one  time  "  to  have  been  Governor,  Lieutenant-Governor, 


!■    I 


PAXTON. 


15^ 


Secretary,  and  (^Iiief  Justice."  From  tlie  fouii(lin<i  of  the 
Board  of  Customs,  how  rapid  were  the  events  that  terminated 
in  llevoUition  !  Paxton  and  his  t'eUow-Commissioners,  per- 
sonally otiended  with  Hancock,  seized  one  of  his  vessels  for 
smnjiigling  wine,  whicjj  caused  a  fearful  mob,  and  the  tiight 
of  the  officers  of  the  revenue  to  ("astle  William.  Then  came 
the  hanging  of  Paxton  in  ettigy,  on  the  Llhctiij  tree  ;  then,  at 
the  instance  of  the  Commissioners,  the  first  troops  came  to 
Boston  ;  then  tlie  card  of  Dtis,  denouncing  the  Conimissionera 
by  name,  the  assault  upon  him  with  bludgeons,  in  answer  to 
it,  and  the  increased  irritation  of  the  ])ublic  mind  ;  then  the 
affray  near  tlie  Cnstom-House,  in  King  Street,  on  the  fifth  of 
March  ;  then  the  receipt  of  the  letters  sent  from  iOngland  by 
Franklin,  of  which  Paxton  was  one  of  the  writers  ;  rheu  tlie 
Committee  of  Correspondence,  that  laid  tlie  foundation  of 
Colonial  Union  ;  then  the  destruction  of  tlie  three  cargoes  of 
of  tea  ;  then  the  shutting  of  the  port  of  Boston  ;  then  the 
First  Continental  Congress ;  then  war,  —  war,  which  cost 
England  five  hundred  millions  of  dollars,  and  the  Anglo- 
Sax(m  race  one  hundred  thousand  lives,  in  battle,  in  storm, 
and  in  prison,  with  all  the  attendant  miseries  to  survivors  ; 
war,  to  enforce  a  wickeil  discrimination  between  British  sub- 
jects, in  civil,  :nilitary,  connnercial,  and  j>olitical  rights. 

In  177t»,  accompanied  by  his  family  of  five  persons,  INIr. 
Paxton  embarked  at  Boston  for  Halifax  with  tlu'  British 
Army  ;  and  in  July  oi  that  year  sailed  fur  Kngland,  in  the 
ship  Astun  Hall.  Potent  as  lie  was  here,  he  seems  to  have 
lived  obscurely  enough  atteiwards.  He  was  a  pall-bearer  at 
the  funeral  of  Governor  Hutchinson,  in  17S0,  and  in  June, 
1781,  he  was  seen  walking  with  Harrison  Gray,  the  last  Colo- 
nial Treasurer  of  jNIassachusetts,  near  Brompton.  I  do  not 
meet  his  name  again  until  1788,  when  I  find  his  death,  at  the 
age  of  eighty-four,  at  the  seat  of  William  Burch,  (one  of  his 
fellow-Commissioners,)  Norfolk  County,  England. 

Paxton,  Joseph.  Of  Bucks  County,  Pennsylvania.  He 
joined  the  British  Army  in  Philadelphia,  and  was  taken 
prisoner  at  Stony  Point.     In  September,  1779,  he  was  in  jail, 


fi: 


i    ! 


,  :>i 


'r\ 


!'! 


!i|'' 


.1;., 
Ill 


<r 


>Jl 


,  ■■■111 


1  ■ 

'V        ! 

i^i    'i 

M 

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I.  :! 

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156 


PEARIS.-PEIRCE. 


jn 


H.' 


1 1 


I 


s  !■. 


i: 


ip; 


i  ! 


.1 


!,  I 


5 

^-1 


waiting  trial  for  treason.     Convicted  subsequently,  and  estate 
confiscated. 

Pkaius,  Rohkrt.  Of  South  Carolina.  Confined  in  prison 
in  C'liarlc'ston,  for  adherence  to  the  Crown.  In  a  report  to 
tlie  Provincial  Congress,  it  appears  that  he  was  coinniitted  to 
a  room  in  the  jail  which  had  neither  sashes  nor  glass,  that  the 
roof  le.iked  badly,  and  that  he  was  sick.  He  was  disposed  to 
take  an  oath  of  neutrality,  but  would  insist  that  he  was  a 
British  subject,  notwithstanding  the  Declaration  of  Independ- 
ence. 

Pkaksai,!,,  Wimiam  and  Thomas.  Of  Queen's  ('ounty, 
New  York.  Acknowledged  allegiance,  October,  1770.  Wil- 
liam was  subso(juently  in  arms  on  the  side  of  the  Crown,  and 
a  party  who  robbed  the  mother-in-law  of  Thomas,  struck  at 
him  with  an  axe.  In  1781  Thomas  was  made  ju'isoner  by  a 
party  of  Whigs  who  came  to  Nt)rth  Hempstead. 

Pkase,  SiMKON.  Of  Rhode  Island.  Captain  in  the  Loyal 
Newport  Associators.  He  died,  probably,  in  1777,  as  the 
vacancy  was  filled  by  Pigot,  January  1,  1778. 

Pkckkr,  Jamks.  Of  Boston.  Physician.  Graduated  at 
Harvard  University  in  1743.  The  ('oiuicil  of  Massachusetts 
ordered  his  arrest,  April,  1770.  He  was  was  Vice-President 
of  the  Massachusetts  Medical  Society.  He  died  in  171)4. 
'  Peckeu,  Jeremiah.  Of  Haverhill,  Massachusetts.  Grad- 
uated at  Harvard  University  in  1757.  After  the  Revolution, 
he  taught  a  school  in  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  and  died  in 
that  city  in  1809. 

Pkuerick,  John.  Of  Marblehead,  Massachusetts.  Mer- 
chant. An  Addresser  of  Hutchinson  in  1774.  He  died 
previous  to  January,  1781.  Hannah,  his  widow,  administered 
on  his  estate. 

Peirce,  John.  Of  Portsmouth,  New  Hampshire.  Eldest 
son  of  the  Hon.  Daniel  Peirce.  W^as  born  in  1740,  and 
died  June,  1814.  He  was  opposed  to  the  Revolution,  at  the 
beginning  ;  but  was  respected  by  the  Whigs,  as  a  man  of 
principle  and  integrity.  He  was  educated  a  merchant,  and 
became  not  only  a  thorough  accountant,  but  had  a  peculiar 


PELL.  — PELLKW. 


157 


faculty  of  ndjusting  iiif.rieato  and  loiijj;-c()titesto(l  claims.  Mis 
friends,  liis  townsmen,  corporations,  and  landed  proiirietors,  at 
various  periods,  honored  him  with  important  trusts  ;  and  ho 
was  connected,  from  time  to  time,  with  ahnost  I'vcry  matter 
which  required  the  exercise  of  his  properties  of  character. 
He  was  distinguisljed  for  benevolence,  decision,  and  sound 
judgment.  Under  President  Adams,  he  was  Loan  OHicor  for 
New  Hampshire.  Ho  seems  to  have^  been  a  superior  mait 
every  way. 

l*Ei/,,  .loiiN.  Of  Now  York.  Ensign  in  the  Queen's 
Rangers.  A  prisoner  in  Northampton,  Massachusetts  ;  re- 
leased from  jail,  November  T),  1779. 

Pklm'.w,  HuMi'iiKKY.     Was  an  extensive  merchant,  ajid 
larg'jiy  concerned  in  ship])ing  and  in  the  American   trade. 
He  j)urchased  a  tobacco  plantation,  of  two  thousand  acres,  in 
Maryland,  but  it  is  not  certain  that  he  over  came  to  reside 
upon  it,  or  to  visit  it.     This  estate  was  confiscated,  and  the 
city  of  Annapolis  is  built  partly  upon  it.     Three  of  his  grand- 
sons served  on  the  Royal  side  during  the  Revolution,  and 
Washington  expressed  the  opinion,  to  a  friend  of  the  family, 
that  this  circumstance  would  prevent  the  success  of  an  appli- 
cation to  Maryland  for  its  restoration  ;  and  as  no  compensa- 
tion was  made  under  the  Act  of  Parliamen',  tiie  loss  was 
total.     These  grandsons  were  John,  Israel,  and  Edward  Pel- 
lew.     John  was  aide-de-camp  to  General  Phillips,  an<'   %v:i.s 
killed  in  one  of  the  battles  which  preceded  the  surrendei  of 
Burgoyne.     Israel  was  an  officer  in  the  Flora  frigate,  and 
was  on  the  American  station  some  part  of  the  war.     In  after 
life  he  became  Admiral  Sir  Israel  Pellew,  K.  C.  B.,  and  died 
in  1832.     Edward  was  also  a  naval  officer,  and  was  engaged 
on  Lake  Champlain.     Arnold  bar';ly  escaped  becoming  his 
prisoner.     The  circumstance,  as  related  at  the  time,  and  as 
confirmed  by  Arnold's  son,  James  Robertson,  (who  is  now, 
1850,  a  General  in  the  British  Army,)  was  briefly  this :  Ar- 
nold, while  in  command  of  the  Whig  flotilla,  ventured  out 
upon  the  lake  in  a  small  boat,  was  seen,  and  chased  by  young 
Pellew,  who  gained  upon  him,  and  compelled  him  to  make 

VOL.  II.  14 


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the  nearest  landing  upon  the  shore,  and  fly ;  leaving  behind 
him  in  the  boat  his  stock  and  buckle,  which  were  taken  by 
his  pursuer,  and  which  are  still  preserved  in  the  Pellew  fam- 
ily. EdAvard  subsequently  joined  Burgoyne,  and  was  included 
in  the  capitulation.  He  is  known  in  British  naval  history  as 
Lord  Exmouth,  and  one  of  the  most  celebrated  commanders 
of  his  time.  His  attack  on  the  defences  of  Algiers,  in  1816, 
is  one  of  the  most  memorable  and  successful  enterprises  on 
record.     He  died  in  1833,  aged  seventy-six. 

Pemherton,  Rev.  Ebenezer,  D.D.  Of  Boston.  Pastor 
of  the  ( )ld  North  Church.  Son  of  the  Rev.  Ebenezer  Pem- 
berton,  Pastor  of  the  Old  South.  He  graduated  at  Harvard 
University  in  1721,  and  became  Chaplain  at  Castle  William, 
Boston  Harbor.  In  1727  he  accepted  the  call  of  the  First 
Presbyterian  Church  in  New  York.  After  a  ministry  of 
twenty-two  years,  the  bigotry  of  some  and  the  ignorance  of 
others,  induced  him  to  ask  dismission.  He  returned  to  Bos- 
ton one  of  the  most  popular  preachers  of  his  time.  He  lived 
to  see  "  onlv  a  few  familiar  faces  scattered  about  amongst 
almost  empty  pews."  His  known  friendship  for  Governor 
Hutchinson,  who  was  one  of  his  flock,  caused  an  imputation 
of  lovaltv,  and  in  the  course  of  events  diminished  his  useful- 
ncss,  and  gave  rise  to  strifes  and  contentions.  In  1771  he 
was  the  only  minister  of  Boston,  who,  from  the  pulpit,  read 
the  Governor's  Proclamation  for  the  annual  Thanksgiving. 
The  Doctor  himself  began  it  in  trembling,  confused  tones ; 
and  the  Whigs  present  testified  their  disapprobation  by 
"  walking  out  of  the  meeting  in  great  indignation."  In 
177')  his  church  was  closed.  During  the  siege  he  lived  at 
Andovcr  ;  and  he  never  officiated,  probably,  after  the  evacu- 
ation. He  died  at  the  age  of  seventy-three,  in  the  fifty-first 
year  of  his  ministry.  By  the  catalogue  of  Harvard  Univer- 
sity, his  death  occurred  in  1777  ;  in  "  Robbins's  History  of 
the  Old  North,"  the  date  is  September  9,  1779.  It  is  said 
of  him  "  that  he  was  a  man  of  polite  breeding,  pure  morals, 
and  wai'm  devotion." 

Peimberton,  James.      Of  Philadelphia.     A  colleague  of 


■■I  ; :  . 

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PEMBERTON.  —  PENN. 


159 


Franklin,  prior  to  the  Revolution,  in  the  House  of  Assembly  of 
Pennsylvania,  and  his  successor  as  President  of  the  Society  for 
the  Amelioration  of  the  Condition  of  the  Africans  in  Slavery. 
From  his  youth  he  was  distinguished  for  diligence,  integrity, 
and  benevolence.  His  life  was  devoted  to  deeds  of  charity 
and  love.  He  was  averse  to  war,  and  to  the  movements  of 
the  Whigs,  because  he  was  a  Quaker.  He  died  at  Philadel- 
phia, universally  respected,  in  1809,  aged  eighty-six. 

Pemukrton,  John.  Of  Philadelphia.  In  1777,  ordered 
to  Virginia,  a  prisoner.  His  offence  was  the  publication  of  a 
seditious  paper,  in  behalf  of  certain  persons  in  Pennsylvania 
and  New  Jersey,  Avhich  attracted  the  attention  of  Congress. 

Pexuauvis,  RiciiAui).  Of  South  Carolina.  Held  a 
Royal  commission  after  the  capitulation  of  Charleston.  His 
property,  in  the  possession  of  his  heirs  or  devisees,  was  con- 
fiscated by  the  Act  of  1782. 

Penman,  John.  Of  Georgia.  In  1779  he  was  appointed 
one  of  the  Commissioners  to  take  possession  of  the  negroes 
and  other  property  of  active  Whigs.  The  Board  opened  an 
office  in  Savannah,  and  entered  upon  the  performance  of  their 
duties. 

Penman,  James.  Of  Georgia.  In  the  effort,  1779,  to 
I'eestablish  the  Royal  Government,  he  was  ai)pointed  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Council,  and  a  Commissioner  of  Claims. 

Penn,  John.  Of  Pennsylvania.  He  was  born  in  Philadel- 
phia, and  was  called  "  the  American  Penn."  He  was  a  son 
of  Richard  Penn,  a  grandson  of  WiUiam  Penn,'  and  Governor 
of  Pennsylvania  from  17(J?}  to  1771,  and  from  1773  to  the 
begJnning  of  hostilities.  In  June,  1774,  about  nine  hundred 
respectable  freeholders,  in  and  near  the  city  of  Philado'>)hia, 
in  an  urgent  petition,  retjuested  him  to  call  a  session  cf  the 
Assembly,  to  consider  the  subject  of  the  Boston  Port  Act, 

1  "  Died  at  Philadelphia,  in  1809,  in  her  one  hundred  and  ninth  year, 
Susannah  Wartlen,  formerly  wife  of  Virgil  Warden,  one  of  the  house- 
servants  of  the  great  William  Penn.  This  aged  woman  was  born  in 
William  Penn's  house,  at  Pennsburg  Manor,  in  March,  1701,  and  has  of 
lato  been  supported  by  the  Penn  family." —  dent's  Mcujaune. 


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but  he  refused.  Through  the  same  year  he  kept  Lord  Dart- 
mouth regularly  advised  of  the  proceedings  of  the  Continental 
Congress,  and  in  announcing  to  his  Lordship  the  adjournment 
of  that  body,  took  occasion  to  remark  that  he  had  not  "  had 
the  least  connection  or  intercourse  with  any  of  the  members." 
He  continued  in  the  country  after  his  government  was  at  an 
end,  and  in  1777,  having  refusod  to  sign  a  parole,  was  sent 
by  the  Whigs  to  Fredericksburgh,  Virginia ;  v/liere,  though 
restrained  in  his  liberty,  and  prcvenU  d  from  communicating 
with  his  political  friends,  and  from  affording  aid  to  the  Royal 
cause,  he  was  treated  with  the  respect  and  consideration  due 
to  his  position  in  society,  and  to  his  private  worth.  His 
rights  in  Pennsylvania  were  forfeited.  And  from  a  petition 
presented  to  Parliament,  in  1774,  it  appears  that  he  and 
Thomas  Penn,  who  w'as  a  son  of  William,  the  founder,  were 
true  and  absolute  Proprietaries  of  tlie  Colony  ;  though,  from  a 
note  in  Sparks's  "•  Franklin,"  it  is  evident  that  the  interest  of 
Thomas  was  by  far  the  largest.  That  the  reader  may  under- 
stand something  of  the  nature  and  \alue  of  the  property  of 
the  Penns  in  Pennsylvania,  at  the  Revolutionary  era,  a  brief 
outline  of  the  original  grant  will  be  necessary.  The  Royal 
charter  to  the  distinguished  William  Penn  bears  date  in  1681. 
The  consideration  recited  in  the  preamble  is,  to  reward  the 
merits  and  services  of  Admiral  Penn,  and  to  indulge  the 
desire  of  his  son  William  to  enlarge  the  British  Empire, 
civilize  the  savage  nations,  &c.  The  form  of  government 
was  to  be  Proprietary ;  that  is,  the  soil  was  given  to  William 
Penn  in  fee,  but  he,  and  his  heirs  and  assigns  and  tenants,  were 
to  bear  true  faith  and  alii'  riance  to  the  Crown.  Penn  and  his 
successors  were  authorizx'd  to  govern  the  country  by  a  legis- 
lative body,  to  erect  courts  of  justice,  and  administer  the  laws, 
and  generally  do  all  things  needful  for  the  well-being  of  the 
inhabitants,  so  long  as  they  kept  within  the  statutes  of  the 
realm.  But  yet  there  was  an  appeal  to  the  tribunals  of  Eng- 
land, and  the  patent  required  that  an  agent  or  representa- 
tive should  reside  constantly  in  Great  Britain,  to  answer  to 
alleged  abuses,  and  to  meet  the  representations  of  individuals. 


iiU 


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PENN. 


161 


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Thus  Pennsylvania  was  a  sort  of  hereditary  monarcliy  in 
miniature.  In  time,  and  as  the  Colony  became  rich  and  pop- 
ulous, disputes  arose  between  the  Governors  who  represented 
the  Penns,  and  the  members  of  the  Assembly  who  repre- 
sented the  people.  The  popular  party  attained  great  streiigtli, 
finally,  and  attempted  to  overthrow  the  Proprietary  form  of 
government  instituted  by  the  patent,  and  to  i)rocure  the  estab- 
lishment of  another  more  congenial  to  their  interest  and  feel- 
ings. Franklin  was  one  of  the  leaders  of  this  i)arty,  and  went 
to  England  as  their  authorized  agent  as  early  as  the  year  1757. 
No  change  was,  however,  effected.  The  Revolution  —  merg- 
ing all  other  dissensions  —  dispossessed  the  Penns  at  once  of 
political  power,  and  of  their  rights  of  soil.  These  rights  were 
of  immense  value. 

Mr.  Sparks  has  preserved,  ''n  Franklin's  Works,  a  curious 
paper  drawn  up  by  Thomas  Penn,  which  gives  a  minute  cal- 
culation of  the  supposed  worth  of  the  Proprietary  estate  in 
Pennsylvania,  and  which  Fi'anklin  completed  on  Penn's  ba- 
sis. By  Franklin's  additions  and  computations,  the  aggregate 
value  was  £15, 87'), 500  12s.,  of  the  currency  of  Pennsylva- 
nia ;  or  about  ten  million  pounds  sterling.  This  estimation 
is,  of  course,  extravagant.  Yet  Franklin  said,  that,  after  "de- 
ducting all  the  articles  containing  the  valuation  of  lands  yet 
unsold  and  unappropriated  within  their  patent,  and  the  man- 
ors and  rents  to  be  hereafter  reserved,  and  allowing  for  any 
small  over-valuations  in  their  present  reserved  lands  and  in- 
comes, (though  it  is  thought  if  any  be,  it  will  be  found  not  to 
exceed  the  under-valuation  in  other  instances,)  there  cannot 
remain  less  than  a  million  of  property  which  they  now  at  this 
time  have  in  Pennsylvania."  Thus,  then,  Franklin's  own 
opinion,  in  1759,  would  make  the  Penns'  Proprietary  interest 
at  that  period,  five  millions  of  dollars.  But  still  that  sum  in- 
cluded —  to  some  degree  at  least  —  the  prospective  value  as 
well  as  the  present.  Whatever  was  the  actual  worth  in  1759, 
or  twenty  years  later,  the  whole  pro})erty  of  the  l^roprietary, 
except  "  the  tenths  "  of  the  lands  already  surveyed,  was  con- 
fiscated. Yet  the  Penns  had  private  estates  distinguished 
14* 


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from  tlieii*  Proprietary  interest,  such  as  manors,  farms,  and 
city  and  town  lots,  which  wei'e  not  included  in  the  forfeiture. 
Some  part  of  these  estates  is  yet  iield  —  or  was  a  few  years 
since  —  by  one  of  the  family. 

The  Ponn  estate  was  by  far  the  largest  that  was  forfeited 
in  America,  and  perhaps  that  w.ts  ever  sequestered  during 
any  civil  war  iu  either  hemisphere.  The  claim  to  compensa- 
tion made  by  the  Proprietaries  upon  the  British  Government, 
caused  the  commissioners  much  labor  and  investigation.  The 
amount  claimed  was  £944,817  sterling.  It  was  reduced  to 
<£r)00,000,  and  as  thus  estimated  and  liquidated,  was  recom- 
mended to  Parliament  for  allowance.  The  Commissioners 
made  a  special  report  of  this  case,  (as  they  did  of  a  few 
others),  and  from  its  complicated  nature,  it  occupied  their 
attention  many  weeks.  Before  coming  to  a  decision,  they 
obtained  from  Pennsylvania  the  evidence  of  the  person  who 
had  been  the  Receiver-General  of  the  Proprietaries  from  1753 
to  the  Revolution,  who  carried  to  England  many  accounts  and 
papers  which  served  to  explain  the  value  of  the  property,  and 
the  amount  of  the  income  derived  from  it.  But  the  final  ad- 
justment appears  to  have  been  different  from  that  adopted  by 
the  Government  in  common  claims,  since,  instead  of  granting 
a  stij)ulated  sum,  a  settlement  with  the  Penns  was  proposed 
by  Mr.  Pitt,  which  gave  to  them  and  their  heirs  an  annuity 
of  j£4000.  H;«  recommendation  to  Parliament  was,  to  grant 
.£3000  per  annum  to  John  Penn,  of  Stoke  Regis,  in  the 
county  of  Bucks,  the  son  of  the  elder  branch,  and  XIOOO 
per  annum  to  John  Penn,  of  Wimple  Street,  the  son  of  the 
younger  branch  of  the  family,  "  to  be  considered  as  real 
estate,  and  issuing  out  of  the  county  of  Middlesex " ;  and 
this  plan  was  executed  by  an  Act  dui'ing  the  year  1790. 

In  addition  to  £4000  annuity  thus  secured  to  the  two  John 
Penns,  the  State  of  Peinisylvania  made  a  liberal  provision  for 
others  of  the  lineage  and  name,  "  in  remembrance  of  the  en- 
terprising spirit  of  tlie  founder,"  and  "of  the  expectations  and 
dependence  of  his  descendants  ;  "  and  "enacted,  that  the  sum 
of  .£130,000  should  be  paid  to  the  devisees  and  legatees  of 


I;, 


PENN. 


163 


Thomas  Penn  and  Richard  Penn,  late  Proprietaries,  and  to 
the  widow  and  relict  of  Thomas  Penn,  in  just  and  equitable 
proportions,  by  instalments  ;  the  first  payment  to  be  made  at 
the  expiration  of  one  year  after  the  termination  of  the  war." 
This  large  sum,  the  annuity  of  Parliament,  the  provision  to  se- 
cure (in  the  Confiscation  Act)  to  the  different  members,  of  the 
family  their  private  lands,  estates,  and  hereditaments,  as  above 
mentioned,  together  with  the  offices  which  were  subsequently 
confe;  •  3d,  formed  a  very  large  remuneration  ;  and  ])robably 
placed  the  Penns  in  a  condition  quite  as  independent  as  that 
which  th(!y  enjoyed  previous  to  the  Revolution.  But  if  they 
were  actually  losers,  it  is  still  to  be  remembered,  that,  without 
a  separation  of  the  Colonies  from  England,  some  change  in  the 
tenure  and  value  of  their  property  must  soon  have  happened. 
Their  rights,  as  secured  by  the  originsvl  gi'ant,  were  opposed 
to  the  spirit  of  the  time,  and  to  the  progress  in  American 
society ;  and  men  would  have  been  found,  who,  like  Frank- 
lin, would  have  demanded  concessions,  and  have  continued 
their  endeavors  until  concessions  were  obtained.  But  yet 
the  events  which  extinguished  the  rights  and  terminated  the 
intiuence  of  the  Penns,  the  Fairfaxes,  Johnsons,  Phillipses, 
Robinsons,  Pepperells,  and  other  large  landholders,  and  which 
committed  the  destinies  of  the  New  World  to  '■'■new  families,"' 
produced  a  ruinous  cliange  in  the  political  fortunes  and  pros- 
pects of  the  "  old  families,"  who,  up  to  the  hour  of  the  dismem- 
berment of  the  Empire,  had  been  but  little  less  than  heredi- 
tary colonial  noblemen,  and  viceroys  of  boundless  domains. 

Governor  John  Penn  died  in  Bucks  County,  Pennsylvania, 
in  171)5.  His  remains,  some  time  after  his  decease,  were 
removed  to  England.  Anne,  his  widow,  dieci  at  London,  in 
1830,  aged  eighty-four. 

John  Penn,  of  this  family,  died  unmarried  at  Stoke  Park, 
England,  in  1834,  aged  seventy-five.  He  was  Governor  of 
Pr  'land  Castle,  in  the  councy  of  Dorset;  and  in  the  English 
accounts  of  him,  is  called  the  "  Proprietary  and  Hereditary 
Governor  of  Pennsylvania."  He  was  the  eldest  surviving 
son  of  Thomas,  and,  therefore,  grandson  of  William  Penn, 


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and  succeeded  to  the  family  estates  when  a  minor,  on  the 
death  of  his  father,  in  1775.  Hi*  mother  was  a  daughter  of 
the  Earl  of  Pomfret,  and  he  wiis  received  as  a  nobleman 
when  he  entered  the  University  of  Cambrid>re.  Ho  ])ub- 
lished  writings  both  in  prose  and  poetry.  His  bfothei  llich- 
ai'd  was  a  member  of  Parliament,  and  remaisable  for  his 
classical  attainments  and  powers  of  niLinory.  <  Jruiville  Penii, 
anothev  brother  of  John,  (fifth,  second  surviving,  iind  young- 
est son  of  Thomas,)  who  distinguished  himself  by  seversx!  able 
critiral  Nvurks,  and  a  Life  of  liis  great-grandfather,  Aflmiral 
Sir  Wiiliiin?,  Penu,  died  at  Stoke  Park,  in  1844,  aged  i  ighty- 
five. 

Pknx,  ItiCHARn.  lintJ  r  of  Juiui  Penn,  and  himself  a 
Governor  of  Pennsylvinin  fj-om  1771  to  177J}.  At  this 
period  there  was  a  persiuMi  difficult}'  between  the  two  brotii- 
crs,  and  th.ou^^h  they  dined  together  in  public,  they  did  not 
even  exchange  the  conmion  civilities  of  life.  Said  Chief 
Justice  Shippen,  in  a  letter  to  Colonel  Burd,  "  Mr.  Bob 
Morris,  the  h»:ul  man  at  the  merchants'  feast,  placed  Gov- 
ernor Penn  on  I. is  right  hand,  and  his  brother,  the  late  Gov- 
ernor, on  his  left  hand,  but  not  a  word  passed,"  «&;c. 

Richard,  unlike  John,  maintained  friendly  relations  with 
memlH  rs  of  Congress.  Mr.  C?esar  Rodney  wrote  to  Thomas 
Rodney  from  Philadelphia,  September  24,  1774,  that  Mr,  R. 
Penn  is  a  great  friend  to  liberty,  and  has  treated  the  gentle- 
jjTon  Delegates  with  the  greatest  respect.  More  or  less  of 
them  dine  with  him  every  day.  .  .  .  All  these  matters 
are  for  your  own  private  speculation,  and  not  for  the  public 
view."  From  Washington's  journal,  it  appears  that  he  was 
a  guest  at  Mr.  Penn's  table.  The  liberal  course  of  Richard 
seems  to  have  won  general  confidence ;  and  when  in  17Y5 
he  embarked  for  England,  he  was  entrusted  with  the  care 
of  the  second  Petition  of  the  Continental  Congress  to  the 
King.  After  his  arrival  at  London,  he  Avas  examined  in  the 
House  of  Lords  as  to  American  affairs,  and  expressed  the 
opinion  that  "  p  majority  of  the  people  were  not  for  indepen- 
dency."    While  John  Penn  was  Governor,  Richard  was  a 


U:h 


!!    I, 


PENNINGTON. 


166 


member  of  his  Council,  and  Naval  Officer  of  Pennsylvania, 
with  a  salary  of  £G00.  As  (Governor,  Richard  was  very 
|.opitlar.  He  was  "a  fine,  portly  looking  man."  He  died  in 
i*/;,gland,  in  1811,  aged  seventy-six.  Mary,  his  widow,  died 
.ic  the  house  of  his  son  Richard,  Great  George  Street,  Lon- 
don, in  1829,  aged  seventy-three. 

Pennington,  Wim-iam.  Of  Wilmington,  North  Caro- 
li  la,  and  Comptroller  of  the  Customs.  An  elegant  writer, 
and  admired  for  his  wit  and  polished  manners.  Went  to 
England.     Was  Master  of  Ceremonies  at  Hath. 

Pennington,  Edwahd.  Of  Philadelphia.  An  eminent 
merchant.  Born  in  that  city  in  172(5.  A  member  of  the 
Assembly  before  the  Revolution,  and  on  terms  of  intimacy 
with  Franklin.  The  two  were  among  the  few  ju-ojectors  of 
the  Pennsylvania  Hospital.  A  grandson  of  Mr.  Pennington 
communicates  for  this  Work  an  anecdote  of  Franklin  which 
is  worthy  of  preservation.  At  the  first  meeting  of  those 
who  favored  the  founding  of  the  institution  just  mentioned, 
objection  was  made  that  the  plan  was  too  comprehensive, 
and  if  carried  out,  would  induce  the  sick  and  the  maimed  to 
come  from  other  Colonies.  "Then,"  replied  the  Philosopher, 
"  then,  we  shall  do  more  good  than  we  expected." 

Mr.  Pennington,  while  on  a  visit  to  the  father  of  Benjamin 
West,  was  shown  some  efforts  of  the  youthful  artist,  which, 
as  he  was  told,  were  painted  with  colors  obtained  of  the  In- 
dians, and  with  brushes  made  of  the  hair  of  the  family  cat ; 
and  pleased  with  the  genius  of  the  boy,  sent  him,  on  his 
return  to  t'e  city,  canvas,  proper  j)encils  and  paints,  and 
soon  after  em|)loyed  him  to  execute  two  pictures,  wliich  are 
now  (1854)  in  the  possession  of  one  of  his  descendants. 

In  1774  Mr.  Pennington  was  a  member  of  the  Philadel- 
phia Committee  of  Corresjwndence,  and  of  the  Pennsylvania 
Convention.  He  "  was  a  zealous  o})ponent  of  the  measures 
of  the  British  ministry,  but  objected  to  the  Declaration  of 
Independence."  He  was  the  friend  of  domestic  manufac- 
tures, and  planted  the  old  family  domain  in  Race  Street  with 
the  mulberry,  for  the  purpose  of  making  silk,  and  lessening 


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depentlence  on  the  mother  country.  In  1777,  deemed  "  in- 
imical to  the  Whig  cause,"  he  was  ordered  to  bo  sent  prisoner 
to  Virginia.  After  the  surrender  of  Cornwallis  his  house 
was  attacked  by  a  mob,  because  it  was  not  ilhiminated  in 
testimony  of  jov  for  tiiat  event.  Jose|)h  Galloway  was  his 
intimate  friend  and  legal  adviser.  His  ancestors  were  family 
connections  of  William  Penn's  first  wife.  He  died  in  Phila- 
de'phia,  September  20,  179G. 

Pknsii,, .     Was  engaged  in  the  Massacre  at  Wvo- 

ming.  A  brother,  who  was  a  Whig,  sought  refuge  in  a 
cluster  of  willows,  and  claimed  his  mercy.  Deaf  to  the 
appeal,  the  Loyalist  instantly  shot  the  other  dead  —  exclaim- 
ing, as  he  raised  his  gun,  —  "Mighty  well,  you  damned 
rebel." 

Pkim'kukt.l,  Sir  Wiltjam,  liaronet.  Of  Ki'n^r, ,  Maine. 
Among  the  men  of  Cornwall  who  came  to  America  was  Wil- 
liam I'epperell,  who  settled  at  the  Isles  of  Shoals  about  the 
year  1070,  became  a  fisherman,  acquired  property,  aiul  re- 
moved to  Kittery,  where  he  died  in  17'J4,  leaving  an  only  son 
of  his  own  name,  who  continued  the  business  of  fishing, 
amassed  great  wealth,  and  arrived  at  great  honors.  The 
second  William  Pepperell  was  born  in  ICtW  at  Kittery,  and 
when  about  the  age  of  thirty-three,  was  elected  a  member  of 
the  Council  of  Massachusetts,  and  held  a  seat  in  that  body,  by 
annual  election,  for  thirty-two  years,  until  his  death.  He  was 
also  selected  to  command  a  regiment  of  militia,  and  being 
fond  of  society,  and  the  life  and  spirit  of  every  company,  rich 
and  prosperous,  was  highly  popular,  and  possessed  nuich  in- 
fluence. Indeed,  Colonel  Pepperell  was  a  man  of  distin- 
guished consideration  in  all  respects,  and  the  leading  personage 
of  Maine.  His  political  connections,  and  his  ample  estate, 
gave  him  access  to  the  best  circles  of  the  capital  ;  and  his 
business  relations  required  him  to  mingle  with  all  classes  of 
people  who  lived  on  the  Piscataqua  and  the  Saco.  He  owned 
lands  on  both  of  these  rivers,  where  he  erected  mills  and  en- 
gaged in  lumbering,  and  he  employed  hundreds  of  men  annu- 
ally in  fishing  in  the  waters  of  Nova  Scotia  and  Capi;  Breton. 


with 
dred  r 
jialacd 


PEPPERELL. 


107 


The  Treaty  of  Utrecht,  wliich  sucurotl  the  former  Colony 
to  the  Britisli  Crown,  gave  France  nndisputeil  right  to  the 
latter,  and  the  French  founded  and  built  ujjon  it  the  city  of 
Louisburg,  at  enormous  cost,  and  protected  it  with  fortresses 
of  great  strength.     The  walls  of  the  defences  were  formed 
witli  bricks  brought  from  France,  and  they  mounted  two  hun- 
dred and  six  pieces  of  cannon.     The  city  had  nunneries  and 
palaces,  gardens,  squares,  and  places  of  amusement,  and  was 
designed  to  become  a  great  capital,  and  to  perpetuate  French 
dominion  and   the   Catholic   liiith  in  America.     Twenty-five 
years  of  time,  and  thirty  million   of  livres  in   money  were 
spent  in  building,  arming,  and  adorning  this  city,  "■  the  Dun- 
kirk of  the  New  World.''     That  such  a  jjltice  existed  at  so 
early  a  period  of  our  history,  is  a  marvel ;  and  the  lovers  of 
the  wonderful  may  read  the  works  whi(;h  contain  accounts  of  its 
rise  and  ruin,  and  be  satisfied  that  "  truth  is  sometimes  stran- 
ger than  fiction."     Louisburg  soon  became  a  source  of  vexa- 
tion to  the  fishermen  who  visited  the  adjacent  seas,  and  its 
capture   was    finally   seriously   conceived,   and    undertaken. 
Governor  Shirley,  in  1744,  listening  to  the  propositions  made 
to  him  on  tho  subject,  submitted  them  to  the  Legislature  of 
Massachusetts,  and  that  body  in  secret  session,  (the  first  ever 
held  in  America,)  and  by  a  casting  vote,  authorized  a  force  to 
be  raised,  equipped,  and  sent  against  it.     Other  New  England 
Colonies  joined  in  the  enterpris  \  and  the  command  was  con- 
ferred upon  Colonel  Pepperell.     His  troops  consisted  of  a  mot- 
ley assemblage  of  fishermen  and  farmers,  sawyers  and  loggers, 
many  of  whom  were  taken  from  his  own  vessels,  mills,  and 
forests.     Before  such  men,  and  before  others  hardly  better 
skilled  in  war,  in  the  year  1746,  Louisburg  fell.     The  achieve- 
ment is  the  most  memorable  in  our  Colonial  annals.     Vaug- 
han,  a  son  of  the  Lieutenant-Governor  of  New  Hampsliire, 
who  was  second  in  command,  who  conducted  extensive  fish- 
eries, and  who  claimed  the  merit  of  conceiving  the  expedition 
upon  the  representations  of  his  fishermen,  who  had  ascertained 
the  weak  points  of  the  defences,  died  without  reward,  while 
in  England,  pressing  his  claims  to  consideration  ;  but  Colonel 


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Peppeivll  was  created  a  Haronet  in  174(5,  ^  and  was  tlie  only 
native  of  New  England  who  received  that  honor  during  the 
wliole  period  of  our  connection  witli  Great  Britain. 

After  the  fall  of  Louisburg,  Pei)porell  went  to  England,  and 
was  presented  at  Court.  In  1759  he  was  appointed  Lieuten- 
ant-General  ;  he  died  the  same  year,  at  liis  seat  at  Kittery, 
aged  sixty-three  years.  His  children  were  two:  Andrew,  a 
son,  who  graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1743,  and  who 
died  under  the  most  distressing  circumstances,  in  17")l,  at  the 
age  of  twenty-five  ;  and  a  daughter,  Elizabeth,  who  married 
Colonel  Nathaniel  Sjjarhawk.  Lady  Pepperell,  who  was 
Mary  Hirst,  daughter  of  Grove  Hirst,  of  Boston,  and  grand- 
daughter of  Judge  Sewall,  of  Massachusetts,  survived  until 
1789.  Mrs.  Sparhawk  bore  her  husband  five  children: 
namely,  Nathaniel,  William  Pepperell,  Samuel  Hirst,  Andrew 
Pepperell,  and  Mary  Pepi)orell.  Sir  William,  her  father,  soon 
after  the  decease  of  her  brother,  executed  a  will  by  which, 
after  providing  for  Lady  Pepperell,  he  bequeathed  the  bulk  of 
his  remaining  property  to  herself  and  her  children.  Her 
second  son  was  made  the  residuary  legatee,  and  inherited  a 
large  estate.  By  the  terms  of  his  grandfather's  will,  he  was 
required  to  procure  an  Act  of  the  Legislature  to  dro[)  the  name 
of  Sparhawk,  and  assume  that  of  Pepperell.  This  he  did  on 
coming  of  age,  and  was  allowed,  by  a  subsequent  Act,  to  take 
the  title  of  Sir  William  Pepperell,  Baronet. 

The  second  Sir  William,  of  whom  we  are  now  to  speak, 
received  the  honors  of  Harvard  University  in  1700 ;  subse- 
quently he  visited  England,  and  became  a  member  of  the 
Council  of  Massachusetts.  Li  1774,  when  that  body  was  re- 
organized under  the  Act  of  Parliament,  he  was  continued 
under  the  mandamus  of  the  King,  and  incurred  the  odium 
which  was  visited  upon  all  the  councillors  who  were  thus  ap- 
pointed contrary  to  the  charter.  The  })eople  of  his  own  coun- 
ty passed  the  following  resolution  in  convention,  in  November 
of  1774. 

"  Resolved,  —  Whereas  the  late   Sir  William  Pepperell, 

1  He  received  the  arms,  crest,  and  motto  of  "  Peperi." 


iUii'i 


v\ 


PEPPKRELL. 


169 


Baronot,  tlccoased,  well  known,  honored,  and  respo('tc>d  in 
Great  Britain  and  America  for  Ills  eminent  service  in  his  life- 
time, did  honestly  nequirc  a  larj^je  and  extensi'o  real  estate  in 
this  country,  and  gave  the  highest  evidence  not  only  of  his 
being  a  sincere  friend  to  the  rights  of  man  in  general,  hut  of 
having  a  paternal  love  to  this  country  in  particular  ;  and 
Avhereas  the  said  Sir  William,  hy  his  last  will  and  testament, 
made  his  grandson,  the  present  William  Peiijterell,  Es(j.,  re- 
siduary legatee  and  possessor  of  the  greatest  part  of  said  estate ; 
and  the  said  William  Peppcrell,  Esq.,  hath,  witli  purpose  to 
carry  into  force  Acts  of  the  British  Parliament,  made  with  ap- 
parent design  to  enslave  the  free  and  loyal  people  of  this  con- 
tinent, accepted  and  now  holds  a  seat  in  the  pretended  Board 
of  Councillors  in  this  Province,  as  well  in  direct  repeal  of  the 
charter  thereof,  as  against  the  solemn  compact  of  kings  and 
the  inherent  rights  of  the  ])eoj>lc.  It  is,  therefore.  Resolved, 
that  said  William  Pepperell,  Esq.,  hath  thereby  justly  for- 
feited the  confidence  and  friendship  of  all  true  friends  to 
American  liberty,  and,  with  other  pretended  councillors  now 
holding  their  seats  in  like  manner,  ought  to  be  detested  by 
all  good  men  ;  and  it  is  hereby  recommended  to  the  good  peo- 
ple of  this  county,  that  as  soon  as  the  present  leases  made  to 
any  of  them  by  said  Pejtperell  are  expired,  they  immediately 
withdraw  all  coimection,  commerce,  and  dealings  from  him  ; 
and  that  they  take  no  further  lease  or  conveyance  of  his 
farms,  mills,  or  appurtenances  thereunto  belonging,  (where 
the  said  Pepperell  is  the  sole  receiver  and  appropriator  of  the 
rents  and  profits,)  until  he  shall  resign  his  seat  pretendedly 
occupied  by  mandamus.  And  if  any  persons  shall  remain  or 
become  his  tenants  after  the  ex[)iration  of  their  present  leases, 
we  recommend  to  the  good  people  of  this  county  not  only  to 
withdraw  all  connection  and  commercial  intercourse  with 
them,  but  to  treat  them  in  the  manner  provided  by  the  third 
resolve  of  this  Congress." 

The  Baronet,  not  long  afler,  thus  denounced  by  his  neigh- 
bors and  the  friends  of  his  family,  retired  to  Boston.  In  1775 
he  arrived  in  England,  under  circumstances  of  deep  affliction  ; 

VOL.    II.  15 


J  J I 

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PEPPERKLL. 


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Lady  Po|)|)cr(>ll,  who  was  Elizabeth,  daiitflitor  of  Hon.  Isaac 
Royall,  of  Medford,  Massaclmsctts,  having  died  on  the  pas- 
sage. In  1778  lie  was  proscribed  and  banished  ;  and  the  year 
followinj^  was  included  in  the  ("onspiracy  Act.  In  May, 
1771',  the  (■ommittee  on  confiscated  estates  offered  for  sale  his 
"  large  and  elegant  house,  with  the  out-houses,  gardens,  and 
other  ac'.oinmodiitions,"  &c.,  "pleasantly  -situated  in  Sunnner 
Street,  uoalmi,  a  little  below  Trinity  (  hurch."  His  vast 
domain  in  Maine,  though  entailed  upon  his  heirs,  was  confis- 
cated. This  estate  extended  from  Kittery  to  Saco  on  the 
coast,  and  many  miles  back  from  the  shore  ;  and,  for  the  pur- 
poses of  farming  and  lumbering,  was  of  great  value  ;  and  the 
water-power  and  mill-privileges,  rendered  it,  even  at  the  time 
of  the  sequestration,  a  princely  fortune.  The  principles  which 
applied  in  the  case  of  the  Morris  ^  heirs  would  seem  to  apply 
here,  and  thus  cast  a  doubt  ui)on  the  legality  of  the  Confisca- 
tion Act,  as  far  as  the  remainder  or  reversionary  hiterest  of 
the  heirs  of  the  first  Sir  William  were  concerned  ;  since  it  is 
apparently  clear  that  the  life-interest  of  the  second  Sir  Wil- 
liam could  only  be,  or  by  the  statute  actually  was,  diverted 
and  passed  to  the  State.  But  however  this  may  be,  the  con- 
fiscation was  total ;  and  so  utter  became  the  poverty  of  the 
last  survivors  of  the  family,  that  they  were  literally  saved 
from  the  almshouse  by  the  charity  of  individuals  who  com- 
miserated their  fallen  cond'tion. 

During  the  Revolution  the  Baronet  was  treated  with  great 
respect  and  deference  by  his  fellow-exiles  in  England.  His 
house  in  London  was  open  for  their  recej)tion,  and  in  most 
cases  in  which  the  Loyalists  from  New  England  united  in  rep- 
resentations to  the  ministry  or  to  the  throne,  he  was  their 
chairman  or  deputed  organ  of  communication.  He  was  al- 
lowed £500  sterling  per  annum  by  the  British  Government, 
and  this  stipend,  with  the  wreck  of  his  fortune,  consisting  of 
personal  effects,  rendered  his  situation  comfortable,  and  en- 
abled him  to  relieve  the  distresses  of  the  less  fortunate.  And 
it  is  to  be  remembered  to  his  praise,  and  to  be  recorded  in  re- 
1  See  notice  of  Roofer  Morris. 


PEPl'KUKLL. 


171 


^ 


1,1 

.V, 


spect  for  his  meniory,  tliat  liis  pecuniary  benefactions  were 
not  confined  to  his  countrymen  who  were  in  banishment  for 
their  adherence  to  the  Crown,  but  were  extended  to  Whigs 
who  languished  in  KngUnul  in  captivity.  It  is  to  bo  remem- 
bered, too,  that  his  private  life  was  irreproachable,  and  that 
he  was  among  the  founders  of  the  British  and  Foreign  Bible 
Society.  In  1770  the  Loyalists  then  in  London  formed  an 
Association,  and  Sir  VVilliam  was  appointed  President.  As  a 
matter  of  curious  history,  the  proceedings  of  this  body  may 
not  be  unworthy  of  preservation.  The  account  which  fol- 
lows, is  derived  fiom  a  manuscript  record  in  the  possession  of 
u  friend. 

The  first  meeting  was  at  Spring  (tarden  Cofi'ee-I louse,  May 
29,  177'.',  and  the  Baronet  occupied  the  chair.  This  was 
merely  preliminary,  and  a  Resolution  to  hold  ii  general  meet- 
ing at  the  Crown  and  Anchor,  in  the  Strand,  on  the  i^tJth  of 
the  same  month,  "  to  consider  of  measures  proper  to  be  taken 
for  their  interest  and  reputation  in  the  present  conjuncture," 
was  the  only  business  of  moment  which  was  transacted. 
About  ninety  persons  met  at  the  place  and  time  designated  ; 
when  a  committee,  composed  of  Loyalists  from  each  Colony, 
was  appointed,  "  to  consider  of  the  i)ro[)er  measures  to  be  pur- 
sued on  the  matters  which  have  been  proposed  relative  to  the 
affairs  of  the  British  Colonies  in  North  America,  and  to  pre- 
pare anything  relative  tliereto,  and  make  report  at  the  next 
meeting,  to  be  called  as  soon  as  ready.'' 

This  Committee,  accordingly,  reported  an  Address  to  the 
King,  which  was  taken  up  on  the  Gth  of  Jtily,  and  which, 
having  been  read  "  paragraph  by  paragraj)h,  and  debated,  was 
agreed  on."  In  this  document  it  is  said,  that,  "  notwithstand- 
ing your  Majesty's  arms  have  not  been  attended  with  all  the 
effect  which  those  exertions  promised,  and  from  which  occa- 
sion has  been  taken  to  raise  an  indiscriminate  charge  of  dis- 
affection in  the  Colonists,  ^  we  beg  leave,  some  of  us  from  our 

1  It  will  be  remembered  that  at  tills  time  the  Royal  cause  wore  an  un- 
promising aspect ;  Burgoyne  had  surrendered,  and  France  had  formed  an 
alliance  with  the  Whigs,  and  the  allusions  of  the  Address  were  probably 
to  these  circuDistances. 


i 


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F'  1! 


172 


PEPPERELL. 


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own  knowledge,  and  others  from  the  best  information,  to 
assure  your  Majesty  that  the  greater  number  of  your  subjects 
in  the  Confederated  Colonies,  notwithstanding  every  art  to 
seduce,  every  device  to  intimidate,  and  a  variety  of  oppres- 
sions to  compel  them  to  abjure  their  sovereign,  entertain  the 
firmest  attaclunent  and  allegiance  to  your  Majesty's  f  ;red 
person  and  government.  In  support  of  those  truths,  we  need 
not  a})peal  to  the  evidence  of  our  own  suiferings ;  it  is  notori- 
ous that  we  liave  sacrificed  all  which  the  most  loyal  subjects 
could  forego,  or  the  hajjpiest  could  possess.  But,  with  confi- 
dence, we  appeal  to  the  struggles  made  against  the  usurpations 
Ox"  Congress,  by  Counter  Resolves  in  very  large  districts  of 
country,  and  to  the  many  luisuccessful  attempts  by  bodies  of 
the  loyal  in  arms,  which  have  subjected  them  to  all  the  rigors 
of  infiamed  resentment ;  we  appeal  to  the  sutferhigs  of  multi- 
tudes, who  for  their  loyalty  have  been  subjected  to  insults, 
fines,  and  inij)risonments,  jjatiently  endurin<;'  all  in  the  exjiec- 
tatinn  of  that  period  which  shall  restore  to  them  the  I  Inssuigs 
of  your  Majesty's  Goverinnent ;  we  appeal  to  the  thousands 
now  serving  in  your  Majesty's  armies,  and  in  |M'ivate  ships-of- 
war,  the  former  exceeding  in  number  the  troops  enlisted  to 
oppose  them  ;  filially,  we  make  a  melancholy  appeal  to  the 
many  families  who  have  been  banished  from  their  once  peace- 
ful habitations  ;  to  the  public  forfeiture  of  a  long  list  of  estates; 
and  to  the  numerous  executions  of  our  fellow-citizens,  who 
have  sealed  their  loyalty  with  their  blood.  If  any  Colony  or 
District,  when  covered  or  possessed  by  your  Majesty's  troops 
had  been  called  upon  to  take  arms,  and  had  refused  ;  or,  if 
any  attempts  had  been  made  to  form  the  Loyalist  militin,  or 
otherwise,  and  it  had  been  declined,  we  should  not  on  this 
occasion  have  presumed  thus  to  address  your  Majesty  ;  but  if, 
on  the  contrary,  no  general  measure  to  the  above  effect  was 
attempted,  if  petitions  from  bodies  of  your  Majesty's  subjects, 
who  wished  to  rise  in  aid  of  Government,  have  been  neglected, 
and  the  representations  of  the  most  respectable  Loyalists  dis- 
regarded, we  assure  ourselves  that  the  ecpiity  and  wisdom  of 
your  Majesty's  mind  will  not  admit  of  any  impressions  iuju- 


■  111 


<B 


PEPPERELL. 


173 


rious  to  the  honor  and  loyalty  of  your  faithful   subjects  in 
those  Colonies." 

Sir  William  Pepperell,  Messrs.  Fitch,  Leonard,  Rome,  Ste- 
vens, Patterson,  Galloway,  Lloyd,  Dulaney,  Chalmers,  Ran- 
dolph, Macknight,  Ingram,  and  Doctor  Chandler,  composing  a 
committee  of  thirteen,  were  appointed  to  present  this  Address. 
At  the  same  meeting  it  was  resolved,  "  That  it  be  recom- 
mended to  the  General  Meeting  to  appoint  a  Committee,  with 
directions  to  manage  all  such  public  matters  as  shall  appear 
for  the  honor  and  interest  of  the  Loyal  in  the  Colonies,  or  who 
have  taken  refuge  from  America  in  this  country,  with  power  to 
call  General  Meetings,  to  whom  they  shall  from  time  to  time 
report."  Of  this  Committee,  Sir  Egerton  Leigh,  of  South  Caro- 
lina, was  Chairman.  This  body  was  soon  organized.  On  the 
26th  of  July,  Mr.  Galloway,  of  Pennsylvania,  v/ho  was  a  mem- 
ber of  it,  reported  rules  for  its  government,  which,  after  being 
read  and  debated,  were  adopted.  The  proceedings  of  tiiis 
Committee  do  not  appear  to  have  been  very  important ;  in- 
deed, to  meet  and  sympathize  with  one  another,  was  probably 
their  chief  employment.  On  the  2d  of  August,  it  was,  how- 
ever, "  Resolved,  That  eacli  member  of  the  Committee  be  de- 
sired to  prepare  a  brief  account  of  such  documents,  facts,  and 
informations,  as  he  hath  in  his  power,  or  can  obtain,  relat- 
ing to  the  rise,  progress,  and  present  state  of  the  rebellion  in 
Amciica,  and  the  causes  which  have  prevented  its  being  sup- 
pressed, with  short  narratives  of  their  own,  stating  their  facts, 
with  their  remarks  thereon,  or  such  observations  as  may  occur 
to  them  ;  each  gentleman  attending  more  particularly  to  the 
Colony  to  which  he  belongs,  and  referring  to  his  document  for 
the  support  of  each  fact."  This  resolution  was  followed  by 
another,  having  for  its  design  to  unite  with  them  the  Loyalists 
who  remained  in  America,  in  these  terms  :  "  Resolved,  That 
circular  letters  be  transmitted  from  the  Committee  to  the  prin- 
cipal gentleman  from  the  different  Colonies  at  New  York,  in- 
forming them  of  the  proceedings  of  the  General  Meeting,  the 
appointment  and  purposes  of  this  Standing  Committee,  and 
requesting  their  cooperation  and  correspondence." 

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August  11,  1779,  at  a  meeting  of  the  Committee,  report 
was  made  that  General  Robertson  had  been  "  so  oblimno;  as 
to  undertake  the  trouble  of  communicating  to  our  brethren  in 
New  York  our  wishes  to  liave  an  institution  established  there 
on  similar  principles  to  our  own,  for  the  purpose  of  corre- 
sponding with  us  on  matters  relative  to  the  public  interests  of 
British  America."  Whereupon  it  was  resolved,  that,  in  place 
of  the  circular  letter  resolved  upon  on  the  2d,  "a  letter  to 
General  Robertson,  exj)lanatory  of  our  designs  and  wishes, 
and  entreatiiiii  his  ixood  offices  to  the  furtherance  of  an  estab- 
lishnient  of  a  Conunittee  at  New  York,  be  drawn  up  and  trans- 
mitted." At  the  same  meeting,  (August  11th,)  Sir  William 
Peppcrell  '.ated  that  Lord  George  Germain  had  been  apprised 
of  the  ])roceedings  of  the  "  Loyalists  for  considering  of  Amer- 
ican afttiirs  in  so  lar  as  their  interests  were  concerned,  and  tliat 
his  Lordship  had  been  pleased  to  declare  his  entire  approbation 
of  their  institution." 

The  framiufT  of  the  letter  to  General  Robertson,  above 
mentioned,  seems  to  have  been,  now,  the  only  affair  of  mo- 
ment, which,  by  the  record,  occupied  the  attention  of  the 
Association.  It  may  be  I'cmarked,  however,  that  agreeably  to 
the  recommendation  above  stated,  a  Board  of  Loyalists  was 
organized  at  New  York,  composed  of  delegates  from  each 
Colony.  Anotlier  body,  of  which  the  Baronet  was  President, 
waf.  the  Board  of  Agents  constituted  after  the  peace,  to  prose- 
cute the  claims  of  Loyalists  to  compensation  for  their  losses 
by  the  war,  and  under  the  Confiscation  Acts  cf  the  several 
States.  Sir  James  Wright,  of  Georgia,  was  first  elected,  but 
at  his  decease,  Sir  William  was  selected  as  his  successor,  and 
continued  in  office  until  the  Commissioners  made  their  final 
report,  and  tlie  commission  was  dissolved.  Sir  William's  own 
claim  was  of  difficult  adjustment,  and  occupied  the  attention 
of  the  Commissioners  several  days.  In  1788,  and  after  Mr. 
Pitt's  plan  had  received  the  sanction  of  Parliament,  the  Board 
of  Agents  presented  an  Address  of  thanks  to  the  King  for  the 
liberal  provision  made  for  themselves  and  the  persons  whom 
they  represented,  which  was  presented  to  his  Majesty  by  the 


uig 


PEPPERELL. 


175 


Baronet.  On  tliis  occasion,  he  and  the  other  Agents  were 
admitted  to  the  presence,  and  "all  had  the  honor  to  kiss  his 
Majesty's  hand."  As  this  Address  contains  no  matter  of 
historical  interest,  it  is  not  here  inserted.  But  some  mention 
may  be  made  of  West's  picture,  the  "  Reception  of  the  Amer- 
ican Loyalists  by  Great  Britain  in  1783,"  of  which  an  engrav- 
ing is  before  me.  The  Baronet  is  the  prominent  personage 
represented,  and  appears  in  a  voluminous  wig,  a  flowing  gown, 
in  advance  of  the  other  figures,  with  one  hand  extended  and 
nearly  touching  the  crown,  which  lies  on  ?  velvet  cushion  on 
a  table,  and  holding  in  the  other  hand,  at  his  side,  a  scroll  or 
manuscript  half  unrolled. 

The  full  description  of  this  picture  is  as  follows  :  "  Re- 
ligion and  Justice  are  represented  extending  tiie  mantle  of 
Britannia,  whilst  she  herself  is  holding  out  her  arm  and  shield 
to  receive  the  Loyalists.  Under  the  shield  is  the  Crown  of 
Great  Britain,  surrounded  by  Loyalists.  This  group  of  fig- 
ures consists  of  various  characters,  representing  tlie  Law,  the 
Church,  and  the  Government,  with  other  inhabitants  of  North 
America  ;  and  as  a  marked  characteristic  of  that  ((uarter  of 
the  globe,  an  Lidian  Chief  extending  one  hand  to  Britannia, 
and  pointing  the  other  to  a  Widow  and  Orphans,  rendered  >'> 
by  the  civil  war  ;  also,  a  Negro  and  Children  looking  up  ..o 
Britannia  in  grateful  remembrance  of  th.elr  emancipation  from 
Slavery.  In  a  Cloud,  on  which  Religion  and  Justice  rest, 
are  seen  in  an  opening  glory  the  (Jenii  of  Great  B'itain  and 
of  America,  binding  up  the  broken  fasces  of  the  tvvo  countries, 
as  emblematical  of  the  treaty  of  peace  and  friendship  between 
them.  At  the  head  of  the  group  of  Loyalists  are  likenesses  of 
Sir  William  l'epi)eri.'ll,  liarouet,  one  of  the  Chairmen  of  their 
Agents  to  the  Crown  and  I'arliament  of  Great  Britain  ;  and 
William  Franklin,  Es(p,  son  of  Dr.  Benjamin  Franklin,  who, 
having  his  Majesty's  commission  of  Governor  of  New  Jersey, 
preserved  his  fidelity  and  loyalty  to  his  Sovereign  from  the 
commencement  to  the  conclusion  of  the  contest,  notwithstand- 
ing powerful  incitements  to  the  contrary.  The  two  figures 
on  the  right  hand  are  the  paint(>r,  Mr.  West,  the  President 


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176 


PER  ANNEAR.—  PERKINS. 


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of  the  Royal  Academy,  and  his  lady,  both  natives  of  Phila- 
delphia." 1 

Sir  William  continued  in  England  during  the  remainder  of 
his  life.  He  died  in  Portman  Square,  Limdon,  in  December, 
1816,  aged  seventy.  William,  his  only  son,  deceased  in  1809. 
The  baronetcy  was  inherited  by  no  other  member  of  the  fam- 
ily, and  became  extinct.  His  daughters  were  Elizabeth,  who 
married  the  Rev.  Henry  Hutton,  ol"  London  ;  Mary,  the  wife 
oi"  fc5;r  William  Congreve  ;  and  Harriet,  tlie  wife  of  Sir  Ciiarles 
Thomas  Palmer,  Baronet.  The  Pej)))erell  mansion-house,  at 
Kittery,  (1848,)  is  still  standing.  It  is  plain,  but  very  large, 
and  contains  several  rooms,  some  of  which  are  spacious.  It 
is  near  the  sea,  and  lately  passed  into  the  hands  of  fishermen, 
at  a  very  low  price,  ana  is  occu|)ied  by  a  number  of  families 
The  tomb,  which  was  erected  in  17'34,  is  near;  and  when  en- 
tered by  a  visitor,  a  few  years  since,  contained  little  else  than 
bones  strewed  in  confusion  about  its  muddy  bottom.  Among 
them  were,  of  course,  all  that  remains  of  the  victor  of  Louis- 
burg,  who  was  deposited  in  it  at  his  decease,  in  1759.  His 
papers,  (or  many  of  them,)  not  long  ago,  were  seen  in  a  build- 
ing which  had  insecure  fastenings,  and  packed  in  disorder  in 
open  casks  and  boxes. 

Perannear,  Henry.  Was  banished,  and  his  property 
confiscated.  In  1794,  his  executor,  Robert  Cooper,  in  a  me- 
morial dated  at  London,  stated  to  the  British  Government 
that  several  large  debts  due  to  him  in  America  at  the  time  of 
his  banishment  were  unpaid,  and  interposition  and  interference 
were  desired  to  recover  them. 

Perkins,  Nathaniki,.  Of  Boston.  Physician.  Graduated 
at  Harvard  University  in  1784.  When,  in  1764,  hospitals 
were  established  in  Boston  Harbor  for  treatment  of  the  small- 
pox by  inoculation,  he  was  one  of  the  attending  [)hysicians ; 
as  were  Doctors  Sylvester  Gardiner,  James  Lloyd,  and  Miles 
Whitworth,  fellow-Loyalists,  who  are  noticed  in  these  pages. 


•  Mr.  West  was  not  born  in  Philadelphia,  but  in  Spriuf^fteld,  Penn- 
sj'lvivnia :  Moses,  the  engraver,  was  mistaken.  Mrs.  West  was  Elizabeth 
Shewtil. 


PERKINS.  -  PETERS. 


177 


Dr.  Perk'ns  was  an  Addresser  of  Gage  in  1774  ;  went  to 
Halifax  with  the  Jiritish  Army  in  1770  ;  was  proscribed  and 
banislied  in  1778  ;  and  died  in  17t»9. 

Perkins,  .Tamks.  Of  Boston.  An  Addresser  of  Hntch- 
inson  and  of  Gage,  and  a  Protester  against  tlie  Wliigs.  In 
April,  1770,  he  was  arrested  by  order  of  tlie  (  ouncih  lie 
died  in  liis  own  house,  on  tlie  spot  where  the  Treniont  House 
now  stands,  in  1808,  aged  eighty-seven,  and  was  interred  in 
the  Granary  liurying-ground. 

Pkrkinh,  HomiUTON.  Of  Moston.  Born  in  that  )\vn  in 
1735.     Went  to  Ilahfax,  and  died  there  in  1778. 

Perkins,  William  Lke.  Of  Boston.  Physician.  An 
Ad(h'esser  of  Gajj;e  in  177").  Went  to  Halifax  with  his  fani- 
ily  in  177ti.  Washington,  on  takiiij',  possession  of  Boston, 
ordered  his  stock  of  medicines  to  be  seized  for  the  use  of  the 
Continental  Army.  In  177*^  Dr.  Perkins  was  ])roscribed 
and  banished.  He  died  at  Hani])ton  Court,  England,  in 
1797.  He  was  the  author  of  several  medical  publications  of 
much  merit. 

Perkins,  A/ariah.  Died  in  King's  County,  New  Bruns- 
wick, in  182;"),  aged  eighty-three. 

Peronxeati,  Henry.  Of  South  Carolina.  Treasurer  of 
the  Colony.      Went  to  England,  and  died  there  in  178(5. 

Peters,  Samuei,,  D.  D.  An  Episcopal  clergyman.  Was 
born  at  Hebron,  Coniiceticut.  in  1785,  and  graduated  at  Yale 
College  in  1757.  In  '17tl2,  he  took  charge  of  the  churclios 
at  Ilebro)!  and  Hartford  ;  and  was  dismissed  in  1774.  In  a 
curious  tract,  I  find  the  misfortunes  of  the  ciiurch  in  Hebron, 
in  procuring  a  minister,  cited  as  an  argument  for  an  Amer- 
ican Episcopate.  It  appears  that  ihey  sent  one  candidate  to 
England  for  ordination,  who  perished  on  the  return  passage ; 
a  second,  who  died  on  shipboard,  and  was  buried  in  the  ocean  ; 
a  third,  who  was  taken  by  the  French,  and  passed  the  remain- 
der of  his  life  in  prison  ;  and  tiiat  Mr.  Peters  himself,  who  was 
the  fourth,  came  near  dying,  wliile  absent,  of  the  small-j)ox. 

The  loval  conduct  and  im])rudeiice  of  Dr.  Peters  involved 
him   in  many  difficulties  ;  and  perhaps  no  clergyman  of  the 


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time  was  more  obnoxious.  He  was  charged  with  making 
false  representations  to  his  correspondents  in  England,  and 
various  acts  of  a  similar  nature.  To  answer  these  accusations 
he  signed  the  following  declaration,  in  August,  1774 :  "  I,  the 
subscriber,  have  not  sent  any  letter  to  the  Bishop  of  London, 
or  tlie  venerable  Society  for  the  Propagation  of  the  Gospel, 
&c.,  relative  to  the  Boston  Port  Bill,  or  the  Tea  affair,  or  the 
CoriU'Oversy  between  Great  Britain  and  the  Colonies,  and  de- 
sign not  to,  during  my  natural  life,  as  these  controversie"  are 
Oiit  of  my  business  as  a  clergyman  ;  also,  I  have  not  wrote  to 
England  to  any  other  gentleman  or  designed  Company,  nor 
..ill  I  do  it.      Witness  my  hand,"  »S;c. 

This  paper  was  extorted  from  him  by  about  three  hundred 
per;  r. .,  who  assembled  at  his  house,  some  of  whom,  in 
charging  him  with  his  offences,  threatened  him  wiUi  a  coat  of 
tar  and  feathers.  They  demanded  to  see  copies  of  all  his  let- 
ters, and  of  the  articles  which  he  had  sent  to  the  newspajiers 
for  publication  ;  and  they  obtained  a  copy  of  certain  Resolves, 
which  he  confessed  he  had  composed  for  the  press.  These 
resolves  are  thirteen  in  number,  and  relate,  principally,  to 
the  Tea  question.  They  are  not  temj)erate,  and  contain  some 
allusicms  which  might  well  create  ill-feeling  among  the  Whigs  ; 
and  their  publication  produced  new  difficulties.  In  Septem- 
ber he  was  again  visited  by  the  people,  who  made  known  their 
determination  to  obtain  retraction  and  satisfaction.  He  en- 
deavored to  reason  with  a  committee  of  their  number,  and  to 
justify  his  conduct,  and  the  principles  of  the  offensive  resolves. 
The  committee,  after  listening  awhile,  told  him  that  they  did 
not  come  to  disi)ute  with  him,  and  advised  tha'  he  should  go 
out  and  address  the  body  without,  who  surrounded  his  house, 
and  promised  him  that  he  should  return  unliarmed.  He  com.- 
plied,  and  placing  himself  in  the  luidst  of  the  multitude,  com- 
menced an  harangue,  which  was  disturbed  by  the  discharge 
of  a  gun  in  his  house.  It  is  said  that  J^r,  Peters  had  assured 
the  committee  no  arms  were  in  his  dwelling,  except  one  or 
two  old  guns,  which  were  out  of  repair ;  but,  on  searching  it, 
several  gun^  and  pistols,  loji'l'  1  with  powder  and  ball,  some 


'  i;:i' 


PETERS. 


179 


<  i 


swords,  and  about  two  dozen  largo  wooden  clubs,  were  found 
concealed  ;  but  he  was  still  allowed  to  finish  his  address,  and 
to  retire  without  molestation,  as  had  been  promised  to  him. 
Yet  it  was  insisted  that  ho  should  draw  up  and  sign  another 
declaration.     He  completed  a  paper  of  this  description,  which 
was  rejected.     He  was  then  urged  by  the  committee  to  affix 
his  name  to  another  framed  by  themselves.     This  he  declined 
to  do ;  and  while  in  conversation  on  the  subject,  the  mass,  im- 
patient of  delay,  and  weary  ami  hungry,  rushed  into  the  house 
by  the  door  and  one  window,  and  seizing  the  Doctor,  bore 
him  to  a  horse,  and  carried  him  to  the  Meeting-house  Green, 
or  j)arade-ground,  three  (piarters  of  a  mile  distant,  and  (;om- 
pelled  his  acquiescence.     Having  signed  the  paper  prepared 
by  the   committee,  lie  read  it  to  the  ])e()ple   himself ;  when 
they  gave  three  cheers  and  dispersed.     During  the  aHUir,  his 
gown  and  shirt  were  torn,  one  sash  was  somewhat  shattered, 
a  table  was  turned  over,  and  a  punch-bowl  and  glass  were 
broken.     Thus  the  damage  to  his  person  and  proi)erty  was 
inconsiderable;  though  the  multitude  —  about  three  hundred 
in  number  —  were  much  exasperated  in  consequejice  of  the 
arms  foimd  secreted  in  his  house,  contmiy  to  his  assurances. 
The  Doctor,  soon  after  this  occurrence,  fled  from  Hebron 
to  Boston,  with  the  design  of  embarking  fV)r  Enghwul,  to  make 
a  rej)resentation  of  the  treatment  which  he  had  receivetl  from 
the  inhabitants  of  his  town  and  neighborhood.     It  was  feared 
that  he  would  state  his  grievances  in  a  light  which  would  en- 
danger  the  Charter  of  Connecticut,  and   some   anxiety  was 
manifested   by   tlie   Whigs   of  that  Colony  ;  and   the  more 
especially,  as  at  Boston  he  received  the  countenance  of  the 
Governor,  of  the  Commissioners  of  the  Customs,  the  Manda- 
mus Councillors,  and  the  Episcopal  clergy,  all  of  whom,  it 
was  feared,  would  testify  to  his  character,  and  to  the  injuries 
which  he  had  sustaiued.     It  was  deemed  advisable,  therefore, 
that  his  n^otions  should  be  watched,  that  communications  with 
his  friends   in    Connecticut  should  be  intercepted,  and    that 
other  means  should  be  adopted  to  prevent  his  procuring  testi- 
mony to  make  out  a  case  against  tiie  Colony  of  u  nature  likely 


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to  engage  the  attention  of  the  ministiy  in  England.  The  fol- 
lowing letter  to  his  mother,  which  was  intercepted,  shows  that 
his  j)lans  were  indeed  similar  to  those  which  were  suspected 
by  the  persons  who  observed  his  movements  :  — 

"  Dear  Mother  :  I  am  well,  and  doi\q  htsinexH  for  my 
intended  route.  I  hear  a  mob  was  gathered  for  me  the  day  I 
left  Hebron  ;  what  they  have  done  I  cannot  yet  find  out.  As 
Jonathan  will  be  obliged  to  attend  at  New  Haven  when  the 
Assembly  sits,  I  desire  him  to  tell  Mr.  Jarvis,  Andrews, 
Hubbard,  &c.,  to  collect  all  the  facts  touching  mobs  and  in- 
sults otlbrcd  the  clergy  of  our  churches,  or  her  members  ; 
likewise  to  send  me  a  copy  of  the  Clergy's  petition  to  Gov- 
ernor Trumbull,  and  what  he  does  in  answer.  If  Jonathan 
is  hurt,  or  my  house  is  hurt  or  damaged,  let  tliat  be  trans- 
mitted to  me  within  fourteen  days,  or,  after  that,  send  accounts 
to  the  care  of  Mr.  Rice  Williams,  a  woollen-draper,  in  Lon- 
don. I  am  in  high  si)irits.  I  should  be  hapi)y  if  my  friends 
and  relations  at  Hebron  were  provided  for  at  these  bad  times, 
when  things  are  growing  worse.  Six  regiments  are  now  com- 
ing from  England,  and  sundry  men-of-war;  s)  soon  as  they 
come,  hanging  work  will  go  on,  and  destruction  will  Hrst  at- 
tend the  seaport  towns  ;  the  lintel  sprinkled  on  tlie  side-posts 
will  preserve  the  faithful.  1  wish  Hannah  to  take  some  pa- 
pers which  she  and  1  laid  away,  and  bring  them  to  me  ;  she 
knows  where  they  be  ;  or  burn  them  if  this  letter  appears  to 
be  opened  before  it  is  opened  by  you.  Mr.  lieebe,  and  Mr. 
David  Jones,  Mr.  Warner,  and  Mr.  Griffin,  of  Millington, 
must  draught  a  narrative  of  their  sufferings,  and  such  words 
as  Colonel  Spencer,  &c.,  have  spoke  by  way  of  encourage- 
ment to  mobs ;  and  let  Dr.  IJeebe  send  the  same  to  me,  to  the 
care  of  Mr.  Thomas  Brown,  merchant,  in  Boston." 

In  another  letter  to  Rev.  Doctor  Auchmuty,  of  New  York, 
which  was  intercepted  at  the  same  time,  dated  at  Boston,  Oc- 
tober 1,  1774,  Doctor  Peters  says  :  "I  am  soon  to  sail  for 
England  ;  I  shall  stand  in  great  need  of  your  letters  and  the 
letters  of  the  clergy  of  New  York.  Judge  Auclunuty,  &c., 
(fee,  will  do  all  things  reasonable  for  the  neighboring  charter ; 


.[». 


1 


PETERS. 


181 


necessity  calls  for  such  friendship,  as  the  head  is  sick,  and  the 
lieart  fiiint,  and  spiritual  iniquity  rides  in  high  places  with 
halberts,  pistols,  and  swords,"  &c. ;  and  he  closes  with  the 
significant  remark,  that  "  The  bounds  of  New  York  may 
directly  extend  to  Connecticut  River,  Boston  meet  them, 
and  New  Hampshire  take  the  Province  of  Maine,  and  Rhode 
Island  be  swallowed  up  as  Dathan." 

He  went  to  England,  as  he  contemplated,  and  carried  with 
him,  as  is  manifest,  a  desire  to  divide  Connecticut  between 
New  York  and  Massachusetts,  and  to  swallow  up  Rhode  Isl- 
and ;  but  the  Ministry,  soon  after  his  departure,  had  graver 
work  to  attend  to  than  any  which  he  could  have  proposed, 
and  those  whom  he  left  behind  soon  lost  sidht  of  him  and 
his  plans  in  the  turmoils  of  civil  war.  Ho  remained  abroad 
until  the  year  1805,  when  he  returned  to  America.  While 
absent  he  was  elected  Bishop  of  Vermont,  but  declined  the 
station.  He  preached  sometimes  in  London,  but  his  style 
of  composition,  as  well  as  his  manner  of  speaking,  failed 
to  interest  hearers  ;  and  a  fellow-Loyalist,  who  heard  him 
deliver  a  sermon  in  a  London  pulpit,  said  it  was  "  hard  to 
conceive  how  he  got  there."  While  absent,  too,  he  pub- 
lished a  "History  of  Connecticut,"  which  "is  embarrassed 
in  its  authority  by  a  number  of  fables,"  and  which  is  ever 
referred  to  in  amusement  or  in  disgust.  He  never,  it  is 
affirmed,  acknowledged  that  he  was  the  author  of  this  book ; 
but  the  fact  is  now  well  ascertained.  In  1817  and  1818  he 
made  a  journey  to  the  West,  and  as  far  as  the  Falls  of  St. 
Anthony,  claiming  a  large  territory  under  Carver. 

"  On  his  return  from  his  Western  journey,"  said  the  late 
Governor  John  S.  Peters  of  Connecticut,  "  he  settled  down 
in  New  York,  and  lived  in  poverty  and  obscurity  on  his  ficti- 
tious land  sales,  and  on  charity,  promising  himself  aad  friends 
an  abundance  when  he  sliould  receive  pay  for  his  land.  In 
1825  I  went  to  New  York  to  visit  him,  with  a  view  to  induce 
him,  if  possible,  to  remove  to  my  house ;  and  I  actually  urged 
it  until  his  patience  failed,  and  ho  turned  from  me  in  a  rage. 
"  I  won't  go — I'll  perish  first,"  said  he.     I  ventured  one 

VOL.  II.  16 


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PETERS. 


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step  further.  *•'  My  clear  uncle,"  said  I,  "  will  you  consesit 
that,  at  your  decease,  your  body  should  be  removed  to  He- 
bron, and  laid  by  the  side  of  your  wives  ?  He  instantly 
burst  into  tears,  and  walked  oif  towards  his  lonely  home." 

He  died  at  New  York,  April  ID,  182G,  in  his  ninety-first 
year.  His  remains  were  conveyed  to  Hebron,  where  his  grand- 
son, Samuel  Jarvis  Peters,  of  New  Orleans,  has  erected  a  mon- 
ument to  mark  the  s[)ot  of  his  burial.  His  three  wives  de- 
parted before  him  :  —  Hannah,  daughter  of  Silas  Owen  ;  Abi- 
gail, daughter  o^'  Saiauel  Gilbert,  who  survived  her  marriage 
but  twenty  days  ;  and  Mary,  daughter  of  William  Birdseye, 
who  deceased  three  weeks  after  giving  birth  to  a  son.  Two 
children  survived  him  ;  Hannah,  who  married  William  Jar- 
vis,  Secretary  of  Upper  Canada,  and  a  son,  who  died  at  New 
Orleans.  He  was  a  man  of  very  commandin<i-  appearance. 
"  He  was  full  six  feet  high,  remarkably  erect,  and  of  a  large 
and  muscular  body,  but  not  fat ;  his  eyes  were  blue,  and  his 
face  strongly  marked  by  the  small-pox.  .  .  .  He  had  an 
iron  will  as  well  as  an  ii  .a  frame;  and  whatever  he  under- 
took he  pursued  wuL  u  spirit  of  indomitable  perseverance. 
His  ruling  yassion,  werl-.aps,  was  ambition.  .  .  .  He 
loved  kings,  admired  rh  j  British  Government,  and  revered 
the  hierarchy.  He  aped  the  style  of  an  English  nobleman : 
built  his  house  in  a  forest,  kept  a  coach,  and  looked  with  some 
degree  of  scorn  upon  Republicans  ;  hence  the  fierce  opposition 
he  had  to  encounter  from  the  Whigs.  In  his  domestic  and 
private  relations  he  was  everything  that  could  be  desired." 
Two  of  his  friends,  who  were  known  to  have  visited  him, 
were  accused,  on  their  return,  of  having  brought  letters  to  his 
family,  but  denied  the  fact.  They  were  seen,  however,  after- 
wards, to  go  to  a  stone-wall,  which,  on  being  examined,  was 
found  to  contain  two  letters  ;  that  given  in  the  text  is  a  copy  of 
one  of  them,  and  these  men,  when  again  questioned,  confessed 
that  they  had  deposited  them  there. 
In  McFingal  we  read,  — 

"  From  priesU  of  all  degrees  and  metres, 
T'  our  fag-end  man,  poor  Parson  Peters." 


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PETLRS. 


188 


Pktkus,  Bkmsi,ik.  Of  IIol)r()n,  Connecticut,  llrotlior  of 
Rev.  Sanmel.  Removed  his  family  to  Mooretown,  Vermont, 
in  1774,  but  returned  to  Hebron  the  next  year,  in  consoquence 
of  faihng  to  obtain  titK>  to  lands  of  which  he  was  the  agent 
of  the  jiroprietors,  and  becau.M!  of  the  j)o!itical  troubles  of  t'le 
time.     In  1777  he  went  to  New  York,  sailed  for   Eng- 

laml,  and  joined  his  brother  in  T^ondon.     Tii  'hon  of 

his  loyalty,  he  obtained  the  commission  of  Caj    .ii.  794 

he  drew  a  large  tract  of  land  near  Toronto,      ,  lada, 

and  settled  upon  it.  He  died  in  1700.  His  witb  was  Annis 
Shipman.  His  son,  Hon.  .John  S.  Peters,  late  Govornor  of 
Connecticut,  died  at  Hebron,  unmarried,  in  1S')H,  aged  eighty- 
five. 

Petkhs,  John.  Of  Hebron,  Connecticut.  Born  in  1740. 
A  most  devoted  Loyalist.  He  went  to  Canada  finally,  and 
raised  a  corps  called  the  Queen's  Ijoyal  Rangers,  of  which 
Lord  Dorchester  gave  him  command,  with  the  rank  of  IJeu- 
tonant-Colonel.  At  the  })eace  he  retired  to  England,  and 
died  at  Paddington  of  gout  in  the  head  and  stomach,  in  1788, 
His  property  was  confiscated.  He  left  a  wife  and  eight  chil- 
dren, who,  at  the  time  of  his  decease,  were  at  the  island  of 
Cape  Jireton.  A  notice  of  him  concludes  thus  :  "  Rebellion 
and  Loyalty  are  alike  fatal  to  some  families,  and  alike  prosper- 
ous to  others." 

Peters,  James.  Of  New  York.  He  was  one  of  the  fifty- 
five  petitioners.  [See  Ah'ijah  WilUinJ.']  He  settled  in  New 
Brunswick  in  1781),  and  was  one  of  the  agents  to  locate  lands 
granted  to  the  Loyalists  who  removed  to  that  Province.  Of 
the  city  of  St.  John  he  was  a  grantee.  In  1792  he  was  a 
magistrate  of  Queen's  County.  He  was  a  member  of  the 
House  of  Assembly  for  a  long  period.  He  died  at  his  seat  in 
Gagetown,  New  Brunswick,  in  1820,  aged  seventy-five. 

Two  of  his  sons  died  at  Fredericton,  the  capital  of  the  Prov- 
ince, in  1848,  namely :  Charles  Jeffrey  Peters,  Attorney- 
General,  and  a  member  of  the  Executive  and  Legislative 
Councils,  in  his  seventy-sixth  year ;  and  William  Tyng  Peters, 
Clerk  of  the  Courts  and  of  the  Legislative  Council. 


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PETERS.  — PHILLIPS. 


Peters,  Harry.  Son  of  James  Peters.  He  was  at  New 
York  in  July,  1783,  and  was  one  of  the  fifty-five  petitioners. 
[See  Abijah  Willard.'\  He  went  to  New  Brunswick,  and  was 
a  member  of  the  Council. 

Peters,  Valentine  Hulet.  Clerk  of  the  town  of  Hemp- 
stead, Queen's  County,  New  York.  In  April,  1775,  he  cer- 
tified to  the  proceedings  of  "the  most  numerous  town-meet- 
ing that  had  been  held  there  for  many  years  past."  The  Re- 
solutions —  six  in  number  —  appear  to  have  been  adopted  with 
great  unanimity ;  they  are  very  loyal  in  their  tone,  and  un- 
sparing in  censures  of  the  course  of  the  Whigs.  In  1780 
he  was  an  Addresser  of  Governor  Robertson,  and  a  magis- 
trate. 

Peters,  William.  Died  at  Woodstock,  New  Brunswick, 
January,  1835.  He  emigrated  to  that  Province  at  the  close 
of  the  Revolution.  For  ten  years  he  was  a  member  of  the 
House  of  Assembly,  and  was  a  magistrate  for  a  much  longer 
time. 

Peters,  William.  Died  in  King's  County,  New  Bruns- 
wick, in  1805. 

Peters,  Thomas.  A  magistrate;  died  at  Fredericton, 
New  Brunswick,  1813,  aged  sixty-four. 

Pettingill,  Matthew.  Died  at  St.  John,  New  Bruns- 
wick, 1817,  aged  eighty-one  years. 

Phair,  Andrew.  In  1782  he  was  Adjutant  of  Arnold's 
American  Legion.  He  settled  in  New  Brunswick  ;  received 
half-pay ;  was  Postmaster  of  Fredericton,  and  died  in  that 
city. 

Phillips,  Josiah.  Of  Princess  Anne  County,  Virginia. 
He  was  commissioned  by  Lord  Dunmore,  and  commanded 
a  band  of  Tories,  who  were  much  feared  in  the  section  of 
country  which  they  desolated.  Murders,  the  burning  of 
houses,  the  wasting  of  farms,  and  other  crimes  at  which  hu- 
mane men  shudder,  were  common  acts  during  the  summer  of 
1777.  All  effbx'ts  to  apprehend  Phillips,  or  disperse  his  asso- 
ciates, were,  for  a  time,  wholly  unsuccessful.  The  Legisla- 
ture, after  various  means  to  bring  him  to  justice  had  failed, 


PHILLIPS. 


186 


passed  an  Act,  commanding  him  to  surrender  on  or  before  a 
specified  day,  and  abide  a  trial  according  to  the  customary 
forms,  or  be  proclaimed  an  outlaw  and  a  traitor.  He  did  not 
appear,  but  continued  his  lawless  course,  and  was  finally  cap- 
tured in  arms.  Instead  of  proceeding  againsc  him  under  the 
Act  of  Attainder,  the  Attorney-General  of  Virginia  procured 
his  indictment  at  common-law,  as  a  murderer  and  a  robber. 
Phillips  pleaded  that  he  was  a  British  subject ;  that  he  had 
acted  under  a  commission  from  Lord  Dunraore ;  and  that  he 
stood  before  the  Court  as  a  mere  prisoner  of  war.  His  plea 
was  overruled,  and  he  was  convicted  by  the  jury  upon  the 
evidence.  Soon  after,  and  in  1778,  he  was  executed.  Though 
the  facts  of  the  case  were  undoubtedly  as  here  stated,  there 
was  much  sympathy  excited  in  his  behalf,  and  much  clamor 
raised  against  those  who  were  instrumental  in  bringing  him 
to  punishment. 

Phillips,  John.  Of  Massachusetts.  Commander  of  CaS' 
tie  William,  (Fort  Independence,)  Boston  Harbor.  Went  to 
England,  and  was  an  Addresser  of  the  King,  at  London,  in 
1779.  At  the  peace,  accompanied  by  his  family  of  four  per- 
sons, he  went  from  New  York  to  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia, 
where  the  Crown  granted  him  one  town  lot.  He  was  subse- 
quently in  Canada.  He  died  at  Boston,  in  1794,  aged  fifty- 
eight.  Mary,  his  widow,  died  at  the  same  place  the  same 
year. 

Phillips,  John.  Residence  unknown.  Was  Captain- 
Lieutenant  of  the  Royal  Garrison  Battalion.  Possibly  the 
same  who  was  many  years  a  resident  at  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia, 
and  who  died  in  England,  in  1801,  aged  sixty-four. 

Phillips,  Frederick.  Of  New  York.  He  was  de- 
scended from  Frederick  Phillips,  who  emigrated  from  Hol- 
land in  1658.  The  first  Frederick  was  one  of  the  founders  of 
the  city  of  New  York,  and  brought  with  him  money,  plate, 
and  jewels,  with  the  design  of  settling  upon  and  improving 
large  estates  which  he  had  purchased  on  the  Hudson  River. 
He  had  obtained  two  patents.  The  upper  was  named  Phil- 
lipsbourgh,  and  the  lower  Fredericksbourgh.  The  one  con- 
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PHILLIPS. 


tained  one  hundred  and  fifty,  and  the  other,  two  hundred  and 
forty  square  miles  of  territory.  He  also  purchased  several 
houses  in  the  city,  as  well  as  lands  there,  and  laid  out  lots 
and  streets,  and  erected  buildings  ;  and  having  established 
his  residence  in  the  city,  he  commenced  the  contemplated 
improvements  on  the  estate  called  Phillipsbourgh.  At  his 
decease,  the  whole  property  descended  to  his  heir.  At  the 
period  of  the  Revolution,  it  had  been  divided,  by  the  will  of 
the  previous  possessor,  (whose  name  was  Frederick  Phillips,) 
between  his  four  children :  and  was  in  possession  of  Frederick 
Phillips,  who  is  the  subject  of  this  notice ;  of  the  heirs  of 
Philip  Phillips ;  of  Susanna  and  Beverley  Robinson  ;  and 
of  Roger  and  Mary  Morris. 

The  Frederick  Phillips  of  whom  we  are  now  to  speak  occu- 
pied an  elevated  position  in  Colonial  society,  but  he  does  not 
appear  to  have  been  a  prominent  actor  in  public  affairs.  He 
was,  however,  a  member  of  the  House  of  Assembly,  and  held 
the  commission  of  Colonel  in  the  militia.  Nor  does  it  seem 
that,  though  a  friend  of  existing  institutions,  and  an  opposer 
of  the  Whigs,  he  was  an  active  partisan.  In  April,  1775,  he 
went  to  the  ground  appointed  by  the  Whigs  of  West  Chester 
County,  to  elect  deputies  to  Congress ;  and  declared  that  he 
would  not  join  in  the  business  of  the  day ;  and  that  his  sole 
purpose  in  going  there  was,  to  protest  against  their  illegal  and 
unconstitutional  proceedings.  On  some  other  occasions  be 
pursued  a  smilar  line  of  conduct ;  but  his  name  is  seldom  met 
with  in  the  documents  of  the  time.  Soon  after  1771,  Colonel 
David  Humphreys,  who  subsequently  became  an  aide  to 
Washington,  and,  under  the  Federal  Government,  Minister  to 
Portugal  and  Spain,  and  who  had  just  completed  his  studies 
at  Yale  College,  became  a  resident  in  his  family,  then  living 
on  Phillips  Manor.  The  late  President  D  wight  was  well  ac- 
quainted with  him  at  this  time,  and  speaks  of  him  as  "  a  wor- 
thy and  respectable  man,  not  often  excelled  in  personal  and 
domestic  amiableness  ; "  and  of  Mrs.  Phillips  he  remarks  that 
she  "  was  an  excellent  woman." 

In  the  progress  of  events.  Colonel  Phillips  abandoned  his 


PHILLIPS. 


187 


home,  and  took  refuge  in  tlie  city  of  New  York,  and  ^nally 
embarked  for  England.  In  person  he  was  extremely  large ; 
and  on  account  of  his  bulk  his  wife  seldom  rode  in  the  same 
carriage  with  him.  Colonel  Phillips  had  one  brother  and 
two  sisters,  who  inherited  the  Manor  of  Fredericksbourgh  in 
equal  portions.  His  brother,  whose  name  was  Philip,  died 
before  the  Revolution,  and  as  his  children  were  too  young  to 
take  a  part  in  the  war,  their  share  was  saved,  and  is  (1846) 
still  in  the  family.  For  an  account  of  Susanna  and  Mary, 
the  sisters,  the  reader  is  referred  to  the  notices  of  their  hus- 
bands, —  the  senior  Colonel  Beverley  Robinson,  and  Colonel 
Roger  Morris.  The  Manor  of  Phillipsbourgh  was  the  proper- 
ty of  Colonel  Phillips,  and,  like  his  sisters'  shares  of  the  other 
estate,  was  confiscated.  He  applied  to  the  British  Govern- 
ment for  compensation,  and  was  allowed  j£ 62,075  sterling,  or, 
about  three  hundred  thousand  dollars.  In  1809,  in  an  Eng- 
lish work,  the  value  of  the  two  manors,  or  the  whole  of  the 
original  Phillips  property,  was  estimated  at  six  or  seven  hun- 
dred thousand  pounds.  Nor  was  the  smalleic  sum  extravagant. 
But  it  is  to  bo  remembered,  that  lands,  in  1783,  hardl}'  had  a 
fixed  value ;  while  in  1809,  the  impulse  which  the  Revolution 
had  given  to  settlements,  to  increase  of  population,  «&;c.,  had 
already  effected  vast  changes  in  the  marketable  prices  of  real 
property- . 

Colonel  Phillips  died  in  England  in  1785.  His  widow 
survived  until  1817,  and  until  the  age  of  eighty-four.  His 
eldest  daughter,  Maria  Eliza,  married  the  fifl;h  Viscount 
Strangford, — grandfather  of  the  present  (1854)  Viscount, 
—  in  1779,  and  died  in  1838.  Five  sons  were  bred  to 
arms.  Of  these,  I  find  certain  mention  of  two.  John 
Phillips  entered  the  navy,  was  in  thirteen  engagements, 
particularly  distinguished  himself  in  the  memorable  battle 
of  Camperdown,  and  died  at  Bristol,  England,  a  Post-Cap- 
tain, at  the  age  of  forty-seven.  Charles  Phillips  was  com- 
missioned an  Ensign  in  1783,  as  a  Colonel  in  1812,  as  a 
Major-General  in  1814,  and  as  a  Lieutenant-General  in 
1830 ;  was  in  service  in  the  West  Indies,  in    England,   at 


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PHILLIPS.  —  PICKETT. 


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Gibraltar,  in  Egypt,  at  Malta,  in  Italy,  and  Sicily ;  and  died 
in  1846,  at  his  seat,  Linwood,  near  Lyndlmrst,  New  Forest. 
I  find  the  decease  of  two  other  members  of  this  family  :  thus, 
at  Bath,  in  1828,  "  Miss  Phillips,  youngest  daughter  of  the 
late  General  Phillips,  and  aunt  to  Viscount  Strangford  " ;  and 
at  Horsley  Hall,  in  1829,  her  brother,  P.  Phillips.  It  is  quite 
likely  that  the  concluding  paragraph  of  this  notice  contains 
some  errors. 

Phiixips,  Frederick,  Jr.  Of  New  York.  Son  of 
Frederick  Phillips.  Estate  confiscated.  Went  to  Eng- 
land. Married  a  niece  of  Sir  Alured  Clarke,  Governor  of 
tlie  Cape  of  Good  Hope. 

Phips,  David.  Graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1741. 
His  father  was  Spencer  Phips,  a  Lieutenant-Governor,  and 
adopted  son  of  Sir  William  Phips,  the  first  Governor  of  Mas- 
sachusetts under  the  charter  of  William  and  Mary.  David 
was  Colonel  of  a  troop  of  guards  in  Boston,  and  Sheriff  of 
Middlesex  County.  He  was  an  Addresser  on  three  occasions: 
as  his  name  is  found  among  the  one  hundred  and  twenty- 
four  merchants  and  others,  of  Boston,  who  addressed  Hutch- 
inson in  1774 ;  among  the  ninety-seven  gentlemen  and  prin- 
cipal inhabitants  of  that  town  ;  and  among  the  eighteen  coun- 
try gentlemen  who  were  driven  from  their  homes,  and  who 
addressed  Gage,  in  October,  1775.  He  went  to  Halifax  in 
1776,  and  was  proscribed  and  banished  under  the  Act  of 
1778.  His  house  at  Cambridge  was  confiscated.  He  died 
at  Bath,  England,  in  1811,  aged  eighty-seven. 

PicKARD,  Benjamin.  Drummer  in  Butler's  Rangers. 
Settled  at  the  peace  —  when  the  corps  was  disbanded  —  in 
Canada,  near  Niagara,  and  received  a  grant  of  land  from  the 
Crown.  He  was  living  in  1855,  at  the  age  of  ninety-two, 
"  hale  and  hearty  "  ;  and  was  supposed  to  be  the  only  survivor 
of  the  Rangers,  a  corps,  in  the  Revolution,  "  seven  hundred 
strong." 

Pickett,  David.  Of  Stamford,  Connecticut.  In  April, 
1776,  the  Committee  of  Inspection  advertised  him  as  an 
enemy  to  his  country,  and  recommended  to  all  persons  to 


I  : 


PICKETT.— PIKE. 


189 


break  off  commerce  and  intercourse  with  him.  Accompanied 
by  his  wife  and  seven  children,  he  went  to  St.  Jolm,  New 
Brunswick,  in  the  ship  Union,  in  1783,  and  passed  the  re- 
mainder of  his  life  in  that  Province.  He  was  Treasurer  of 
King's  County,  and  many  years  a  Judge  of  the  Court  of 
Common  Pleas.     He  died  in  1826. 

Pickett,  James.  Of  Norwalk,  Connecticut.  Arrived  at 
St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  with  his  wife  and  two  children  in 
the  ship  Union,  and  was  a  grantee  of  that  city.  He  died  at 
Portland,  New  Brunswick,  in  1812. 

PiuKLE,  Nicholas.  Died  at  Upham,  King's  County,  New 
Brunswick,  in  1843,  aged  ninety-eight ;  and  his  wife  died  at 
the  same  place,  the  same  year,  at  the  age  of  eighty-three. 

PicKMAN,  Benjai^iin.  Of  Salem,  Massachusetts.  Was 
born  at  Salem  in  1740,  and  graduated  at  Harvard  University 
in  1759.  He  was  a  merchant,  a  Representative  to  the  Gen- 
eral Court,  and  a  Colonel  in  the  militia.  "  He  is  very  spright- 
ly, sensible,  and  entertaining,"  —  said  John  Adams  in  1772, 
—  "  talks  a  great  deal,  tells  old  stories  in  abundance  about  the 
witchcraft,  paper  money,"  &c.  In  1774,  Colonel  Pickman 
was  an  Addresser  of  Gage.  He  went  to  England.  In  1775 
we  find  him  a  guest  of  Governor  Hutchinson  ;  and  the  next 
year,  a  member  of  the  Loyalist  Club,  London.  In  1778  he 
was  proscribed  and  banished.  A  year  later,  his  home  was  at 
Bristol.  In  1783  he  was  in  London,  and  saw  Mrs.  Siddons 
play  Jane  Shore  at  Drury  Lane  Theatre.  He  returned  to 
Massachusetts,  and  in  1787  the  Legislature  restored  citizen- 
ship, and  a  part  of  his  confiscated  estate.  He  died  at  Salem, 
in  1819,  aged  seventy-nine.  Gentlemen  of  his  lineage  are  of 
great  respectability  in  his  native  State  at  the  present  time. 

Pike,  John.  Of  Pennsylvania.  Attainted  of  treason  ; 
surrendered,  and  was  discharged. 

Pike,  Thomas.  A  fencing-master,  of  Philadelphia.  Dis- 
sembled, and  was  supposed  to  be  Whiggish.  But  in  1777  he 
was  apprehended  (with  several  others),  and  sent  to  Virginia 
for  safe  keeping.  On  the  journey  he  acted  the  part  of  major- 
domo,  or  caterer,  at  the  inns  at  which  the  party  stopped. 


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190 


PILE. 


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ii: 


Pile,  John.  Of  North  Carolina.  Colonel  in  the  Loyal 
Militia.  The  family  of  this  name,  of  whom  the  subject  of 
this  notice  was  the  head,  was  noted  for  their  attachment  to  the 
Crown.  In  January,  1776,  Governor  Martin  authorized  Col- 
onel Pile  to  arect  the  King's  standard,  to  enlist  and  array  the 
loyal  subjects  in  Chatham  County,  and  "  to  oppose  all  rebels 
and  traitors."  The  duty  was  promptly  performed.  But  the 
Colonel,  before  the  close  of  the  year,  was  seized  and  borne  off 
from  the  house  of  a  fellow-Loyalist ;  and,  taken  prisoner  in  the 
battle  of  Cross  Creek,  was  confined  in  Halifax  Jail.  We 
hai'dly  hear  of  him  again  until  February,  1781,  when,  in  the 
words  of  another  * :  — 

"  Pickens  had  ordered  a  halt,  to  allow  those  engaged  in  the 
night's  expedition  to  refresh  themselves  with  some  breakfast, 
when  an  alarm  was  given  of  the  approach  of  the  enemy  in 
force.  Great  was  the  joy  of  the  camp,  however,  to  learn  that 
the  advancing  column  Avas  not  Tarleton,  with  his  famous 
cavalry,  in  quest  of  the  captors  of  the  picket,  but  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  Lee,  at  the  head  of  his  legion,  who  had  been  sent  by 
General  Greene,  in  advance  of  the  main  army,  to  keep  an  eye 
upon  the  enemy,  and  prevent,  if  possible,  the  junction  of  any 
Loyalists  to  his  standard.  This  was  the  first  meeting  of  these 
renowned  leaders,  who  cooperated  so  actively  during  the  re- 
sidue of  the  campaign.  Informing  themselves  correctly  of 
the  situation  and  movements  of  the  enemy,  and  learning  that 
Tarleton  had  been  despatched  westward,  to  encourage  the 
Loyalists  beyond  the  Haw  river,  and  escort  to  head-quarters 
any  who  desired  to  join  the  King's  Array,  they  set  out  in 
pursuit,  to  cut  off  the  communication,  and,  if  possible,  compel 
him  to  action.  By  a  complete  surprise  on  both  sides,  in  the 
search  for  Tarleton,  they  came  suddenly  upon  a  body  of  six 
hundred  Loyalists,  under  Colonel  Pile,  who,  inspirited  by  the 
apparent  success  of  the  British  arms,  and  the  proclamation  of 
their  General,  to  take  service  under  his  flag,  were  on  their 
march  to  Hillsboro'  with  that  object.      Expecting  to  meet 


iil 


1  Hon.  William  A.  Graham,  of  North  Carolina. 
New  York  Historical  Society,  1852. 


Address  before  the 


PILE. 


191 


Tarleton,  they  supposed  tlie  army  of  Lee  and  Pickens  to  be 
his,  until  they  were  overthrown,  with  terrible  slaughter.  Nine- 
ty lay  dead  upon  the  field,  and  nearly  all  tlie  residue  were 
wounded.  Lee  and  Pickens,  hurrying  forward,  espied  the 
camp  of  Tarleton  in  the  evening,  and  were  at  the  same  time 
joined  by  Colonel  Preston,  with  three  hundred  men  from  the 
mountains  of  Virginia,  who,  having  heard  of  the  straits  of 
Greene's  army  on  his  retreat,  were  marching  to  join  him, 
ignorant  that  he  had  passed.  .  .  .  But  the  united  forces 
postponing  their  attack  until  the  morning,  Tarleton  eluded 
their  grasp,  and  made  good  his  retreat  to  Hillsboro'." 

Stedman,  a  British  historian  of  the  war,  who  served  in  the 
Royal  Army  vt  the  South,  relates  that  the  Loyalists  under 
Pile,  apprehending  no  danger,  were  met  in  a  lane  by  Lee,  and, 
mistaking  his  cavalry  for  Tarleton's  dragoons,  allowed  them- 
selves to  be  surrounded  before  they  discovered  their  error. 
He  says  further,  that,  when  they  ascertained  the  truth,  they 
called  for  quarter,  but  no  quarter  was  granted  ;  and  that 
between  two  and  three  hundred  of  them  were  inhumanly 
butchered  while  in  the  act  of  begging  for  mercy.  And  he 
adds,  "  Humanity  shudders  at  the  recital  of  so  foul  a  mas- 
sacre." Stedman  was  not  well  informed.  I  nowhere  find  the 
number  of  slain  stated  at  more  than  one  hundred.  There  was, 
indeed,  a  cry  for  "mercy  "  in  some  parts  of  Pile's  line,  and  the 
assurance  that  "  We  are  the  King's  best  friends  " ;  but  Tarle- 
ton's force  was  within  a  mile ;  and,  as  Lee  remarks,  the  Whigs 
were  compelled  to  consult  their  own  safety,  and  to  disable  their 
foes,  in  accordance  with  the  "  first  injunction  of  humanity." 
The  truth  is  that  the  conflict  was  in  opposition  to  the  plan 
of  the  Whig  leaders,  who  designed  to  place  their  force  in  a 
position  to  convince  Pile  of  the  impossibility  of  successful 
resistance,  then  to  discover  their  real  character,  and,  failing 
to  induce  the  Loyalists  to  join  them,  to  give  solemn  assurance 
of  a  safe  return  to  their  homes.  Lee  had  actually  passed 
along  Pile's  line  with  a  smiling  countenance  and  words  of 
compliment,  had  grasped  the  hand  of  Pile  himself,  and  was 
about  to  communicate  his  purpose,  when  the  Loyalists  on  the 


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192 


PINCKNEY.  — PINE. 


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left  discovered  Pickens's  militia,  and  opened  a  fire  on  the  rear 
of  the  Whig  cavalry.  This  untoward  circumstance  caused 
the  "  massacre."  Colonel  Pile  fell  with  many  wounds,  and 
was  left  on  the  field  as  dyi,     ;  but  he  survived. 

This  affair,  as  relates  to  le  Whigs,  was  of  consequence. 
The  "capricious  goddess  gave  us  Pile  and  saved  Tarleton"; 
but  General  Greene  was  of  the  opinion  that  the  destruction  of 
the  former  was  of  more  advantage  than  would  have  been  a 
victory  over  the  latter. 

PiNCKNEY,  Charles.  Of  South  Carolina.  In  1774  he 
was  a  member  of  the  Committee  of  Charleston,  appointed  to 
I'eceive  donations  for  the  relief  of  the  sufferings  at  Boston, 
caused  by  the  passage  of  the  Boston  Port  Bill.  At  that  time 
he  was  also  a  member  of  the  Charleston  Committee  of  Cor- 
respondence. In  1775  he  was  President  of  the  South  Caro- 
lina Provincial  Congress.  But  in  1782,  in  consequence  of  his 
defection  from  the  Whig  cause,  his  estate  was  amerced  twelve 
per  cent.  This  gentleman  was  known  as  Charles  Pinckney, 
Sen.  He  was  a  Colonel  in  the  militia,  and  a  member  of  the 
House  of  Assembly.  He  was  educated  for  the  bar,  and  at  the 
period  of  the  Revolution  was  one  of  the  three  eminent  law- 
yers of  South  Carolina,  and,  as  a  public  speaker,  was  surpassed 
but  by  few.  In  1775  the  Whig  Charles  Pinckney  was  a 
youth  of  seventeen. 

Pine,  Alpheus.  He  was  a  native  of  New  York,  and  ac- 
companied the  Loyalists  of  that  State  to  New  Brunswick. 
For  several  years  he  commanded  a  vessel  on  the  river  St. 
John.  On  one  occasion  he  sold  a  quantity  of  wood  to  Gen- 
eral Arnold,  who,  after  the  peace,  lived  for  •  ome  time  at 
St.  John.  Arnold  not  paying  for  it,  and  taking  it  away 
as  had  been  agreed,  he  sold  it  a' second  time.  Just  as  the 
second  purchaser  was  commencing  to  haul  it  off,  Arnold 
appeared,  and  a  quarrel  ensued.  In  the  affray,  Pine  caught 
a  stick  from  the  pile,  and  was  about  to  "break  the  traitor's 
head,"  when  some  persons  in  the  crowd  interfered.  "  But 
for  this,"  Pine  has  frequently  told  the  writer,  "  I  would  not 
have  left  a  whole  bone  in  his  skin."     After  living  in  New 


\ 


PINE. 


ll):l 


Brunswick  for  a  considerable  period,  the  Captain  removed  to 
Eastport,  Maine,  wliere  ho  kept  a  hotel,  which  was  celebrated. 
Returning  to  St.  John,  he  died  there  in  March,  184(5,  of  apo- 
plexy, aged  eighty-four  years.  He  was  universally  known  as 
an  honest  man.  Fond  of  relating  anecdotes,  and  possessed  of 
a  ready  memory,  he  always  had  a  story.  His  account  of  the 
sufferings  of  the  Loyalists,  after  they  removed  to  New  Bruns- 
wick, was  interesting  and  painful. 

Pine,  Stephen.     Of  Pine's  Ferry,  -New  York.     Ho  was 
in  the  service,  and  connected  with  the  transportation  or  wagon 
department,  until  after  the  battle  of  Brandy  wine.     In  1783  he 
went  to  New  Brunswick,  and  died  on  the  river  St.  John,  in 
that  Province,  about  the  year  1786,  aged  sixty-six.     Three 
sons,  Henry,  Alpheus,  and  Stephen,  survived  him.     Stephen 
is  yet   (1846)  living,  at  the  age  of  seventy-seven  years,  and 
resides  at  Eastport,  Maine.     Pine's  Ferry  was  a  noted  cross- 
ing-place on  the  Croton  River,  and  belonged  to  the  family. 
At  the  period  of  the  Revolution,  a  bridge  had  been  erected 
across  the  stream,  which,  in  turn,  was  known  as  Pine's  Bridge. 
Smith,  who  conducted  Andre  on  his  way  to  New  York,  took 
his  leave  at  this  bridge,  in  the  belief  that  no  difficulty  would 
happen  for  the  remainder  of  the  journey.     The  "  Cow-Boys  " 
had  recently  been  above  it,  wliile  the  territory  below  it  was  con- 
sidered their  appropriate  domain.     These  miscreants,  though 
mostly  Refugees,  and  therefore  belonging  to  the  British  side, 
Smith  was  anxious  to  avoid ;  but  Andr<},  it  wa?  supposed, 
would  meet  no  interruption  from  them.     It  happened,  how- 
ever, that,  on  the  morning  he  passed  the  bridge,  several  persons 
who  resided  within  the  Neutral  Ground  went  out  for  the  pro- 
fessed object  of  obtaining  whatever  booty  chance  might  throw 
in  their  way.     Whether  the  three  of  this  party,  into  whose 
hands  Andre  fell,  were  better,  or  indeed  whether  they  were 
other  than  "  Cow-Boys,"  has  been  a  question  of  some  discussion. 
Andre  himself  was  of  the  opinion  that  Paulding,  Van  Wart, 
and  Williams  were  men  of  doubtful  virtue  ;  and  Major  Tall- 
madge,  a  Whig  officer  of  distinguished  merit,  who  was  ac- 
quainted with  the  circumstances,  seems  to  have  been  impressed 

VOL.  II.  17 


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witlj  tlio  same  conviction.  Ono  of  tlie  Pines  Iius  assured  me 
that  ho  know  Van  Wart  was — to  use  his  own  words  — "a 
British  niilitia-nian,"  for  he  "  had  been  told  so  h}'  Van  Wart 
himself."  Mr.  Sparks  —  a  gonthnnan  whose  kindness  and 
charity  are  ever  manifested,  and  are  as  reniarkahio  as  his 
fidelity  in  historical  examinations  —  jmu'sucs  a  course  of  argu- 
ment with  relation  to  the  capbtrs  of  Andre,  which  relievos 
them  of  the  weight  of  the  imputations  of  their  accusers. 

Pink,  Hknry.  Son  of  Stephen  Pine.  He  served  in  the 
Royal  Army,  and  was  discharged  at  Halifax  at  the  peace. 
He  continued  to  reside  in  Nova  Scotia  until  his  death,  in 
1H44.  His  age  was  ninety-five  years.  A  numerous  family 
survived  him. 

PiNKNEY,  Jonathan.  Of  Annapolis,  Maryland.  His 
ancestors  went  from  Normandy  with  William  the  Concjueror, 
and  he  himself  was  born  in  England.  After  his  emigration 
to  America,  "  he  lived  in  quiet  seclusion."  At  the  Revolu- 
tionary era  "  he  adhered,  with  a  mistaken  but  honest  firnmess, 
to  the  cause  of  the  mother  country,  and  suffered  severely  the 
consequences  of  his  conscientiousness."  His  property  was 
confiscated,  and  he  died  in  poverty,  "  without  a  stain  upon  his 
honor,"  and  a  "  victim  to  his  sense  of  duty." 

He  was  the  father  of  William  Pinkney,  who,  born  at  An- 
napolis in  17(34,  became  one  of  the  moSt  distinguished  of 
American  lawyers  and  Attorney-General  of  Maryland ;  who, 
also  an  eminent  statesman,  was  a  Commissioner  under  Jay's 
Treaty,  a  Minister  to  the  Courts  of  England,  Naples,  and 
Russia,  and  a  Senator  in  Congress  ;  and  who,  the  father  of 
ten  children  by  his  wife  Anna  Maria,  (daughter  of  John 
Rodgers  of  Havre  de  Grace,  and  sister  of  John  Rodgers,  Post- 
Captain  in  the  United  States  Navy,)  died  February,  1822,  in 
his  fifty-eight  year.  The  speech  of  William  Pinkney  in  the 
Senate,  in  1820,  on  the  bill  for  the  admission  of  Missouri  into 
the  Union,  was  the  most  elaborate  and  powerful  eflFort  on  the 
part  of  the  South,  as  was  that  of  Rufns  King,  of  New  York,  on 
the  side  of  the  North,  during  the  debates  on  this  vexed  ques- 
tion.    The  main  point  of  Mr.  Pinkney's  argument  may  be 


PITCHER. -PLIINKETT. 


VXi 


stated  in  a  word  —  tliat  tu'w  States  could  not  bo  denied  terniH 
of  perfect  equality  with  the  old,  or  the  original  thirteen. 

FiTcuKH,  MoHKH.  Of  lioston.  The  Council  of  Massa- 
chnsL'ttH  ordered  his  arrest,  April,  177<'».  At  the  peace,  ac- 
CDUipanictl  by  his  family  and  five  servants,  he  went  from  New 
York  to  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  where  the  Crown  (granted 
him  oin'  farm,  one  town,  and  one  water  lot.  He  died  at  Hali- 
fax, in  1H17,  aged  eighty-four. 

riTKiK,!,!),  Gk()R(ii;.  a  magistrate;  died  at  Sussex  Vale, 
New  Mrunswick,  in  1827,  aged  seventy-eight. 

I'leasants,  Samim-'j,.  Of  Philadelphia.  In  1777,  charged 
with  disiitfeetion  to  the  Whigs,  he  was  ordered  to  be  sent  pris- 
oner to  Virginia.  In  a  remonstrance  to  the  President  and 
Council,  he  said  that  "imprisonment,  without  trial,  was  against 
law." 

IM.UM,  Rkj'HKN.  Of  Middletown,  Connecticut.  Reviled 
particular  members  of  the  Continental  Congress ;  refused  to 
do  duty  as  an  officer  in  the  militia  ;  damned  the  Whig  cause  ; 
and  declai'ed  himself  a  Tory.  ^^Nenihic  ftmtritiUcnitt;^''  there- 
fore the  Committee  of  that  town  held  him  up,  and  ])ublished 
liim  to  the  world,  as  "  an  enemy  to  the  United  States  of 
America." 

Pi.iiNKKTT,  Wii.MAM.  A  Coloncl  lu  the  Militia  of  Penn- 
sylvania. In  the  difficulties  which  occurred  during  the  Revo- 
lutionary controversy,  between  the  C(mnecricut  people  who 
emigrated  to  Wyoming  and  the  authorities  of  Pennsylvania, 
he  was  a  prominent  actor,  both  as  a  magistrate  and  as  the 
leader  of  an  armed  force  designed  to  suppress  tlu;  alleged  mis- 
conduct of  the  Yankee  settlers.  He  was  a  stout  adherent  of 
the  Crown,  and  never,  to  his  latest  hour,  would  concede  that 
the  authority  of  his  Royal  master  had  passed  away,  or  consent 
to  take  an  oath  to  support  the  new  Government.  Ho  died  a 
bachelor,  at  an  advanced  age.  He  was  an  Irishman,  and 
came  to  America  in  early  life.  In  1750  it  is  affirmed  that 
he  was  concerned  in  several  robberies  in  England.  By  his 
own  admission,  it  appears  that  he  aided  in  the  robbery  of 
Lord  Eglintoun,  on  Hounslow  Heath.     He  was  recognized 


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POLHEMUS.  —  POLLOCK. 


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in  this  country  by  a  person  who  had  known  him  at  home,  but 
the  secret  of  his  crime  was  not  divnlged.  From  the  accounts 
of  him,  it  would  seem  that  he  was  a  rough,  fearless  man,  of 
great  energy  and  activity,  but  of  an  arbitrary  and  severe  dis- 
position.    He  was  buried  at  Sunbury,  Pennsylvania. 

PoLiiEMUS,  John.  Of  Long  Island,  New  York.  In  1775 
he  signed  a  declaration  of  loyalty.  The  next  year  he  ac- 
knowledged allegiance,  and  was  confined  ;  but  was  released 
by  the  Provincial  Congress  on  his  recognizance  in  £500.  In 
1777  he  was  designated  a  Trustee  to  provide  fuel  and  other 
necessaries  for  the  Guard-house  and  Hospital  of  the  Royal 
troops  at  Jamaica.  September  13,  1783,  he  advertised  in 
Rivington's  paper  that  the  ship  was  ready  to  receive  the 
Loyalists  who  had  enrolled  themselves  in  his  company  for 
Annapolis,  Nova  Scotia,  and  that  those  who  neglected  his 
notice  would  not  be  provided  with  passages  at  the  expense 
of  the  Government.  In  1784  the  Commissioners  of  Confis- 
cation sold  his  estate. 

PoLi.AUD, .  Ensign  in  De  Lancey's  Second  Bat- 
talion. Killed  at  the  siege  of  Savannah,  1779.  A  Loyalist 
named  Benjamin  Pollard  embarked  at  Boston  for  Halifax,  with 
the  British  Army,  in  1776. 

PoixocK,  .     A  Jew,  who  was   plundered  of  900 

Johannes,  by  the  Bi'itisli,  at  tlie  capture  of  St.  Eustatius. 
His  case  is  thus  described  by  Mr.  Burke,  in  a  speech  before 
the  House  of  Commons,  May  14,  1781 :  "  He  had  formerly 
lived  on  Rhode  Island  ;  and,  because  he  had  imported  tea 
contrary  to  the  command  of  the  Americans,  he  was  stripped 
of  all  he  was  worth,  and  driven  out  of  the  island  ;  his  brother 
shared  in  his  misfortunes,  but  did  not  survive  them  ;  his  death 
increased  the  cares  of  the  survivor,  as  he  got  an  additional 
family,  in  his  brother's  children,  to  provide  for.  Another 
Jew  married  his  sister  ;  and  both  of  them  following  the  Brit- 
ish Army,  had  or  their  loyalty  some  lands  given  them,  along 
with  some  other  American  Refugees,  on  Long  Island,  by  Sir 
William  Howe.  They  built  a  kind  of  fort  there,  to  defend 
themselves,  but  it  was  soon  after  attacked  and  carried  by  the 


POOLE.  — PORTER. 


197 


Atnericans,  and  not  a  man  who  defended  it  escaped  either 
death  or  captivity  ;  the  Jew's  brother-in-law  fell  during 
the  attack  ;  he  survived,  and  liad  then  the  family  of  his  de- 
ceased brother-in-law,  his  mother,  and  sister,  to  support.  He 
settled  at  St.  Eustatius,  where  he  maintained  his  numerous 
family,  and  had  made  some  money,  when  he  and  his  family 
were  once  more  ruined  by  the  conunanders  of  the  British 
force." 

Poole,  Samuel  Sheldon.  He  was  a  member  of  the  As- 
sembly of  Nova  Scotia  for  fifty  years,  and  was  long  known  as 
the  "  Father  of  the  House."  A  gentleman  of  high  official  posi- 
tion in  that  Province  relates  the  following  story  :  """Tr.  Poole, 
year  after  year,  used  to  ride  his  own  horse  to  Halifax,  and 
keep  him  there  until  the  close  of  the  session.  At  last  the 
animal  died  of  mere  old  age ;  and  the  '  Father  of  the  House' 
thought  the  Province  should  grant  him  a  sum  of  money  to 
indemnify  him  for  the  loss.  '  That  will  never  do,'  said  Mr. 
Archibald,  the  Speaker,  who  was  ever  full  of  fun  ;  '  but  I  '11 
tell  you  what  we  can  do  ;  avo  can  make  a  grant  for  an  oat- 
milV  "  And,  concludes  my  informant,  Mr.  Poole  was  paid 
for  his  horse  under  a  resolve  for  an  oat-mill.  He  died  at  Yar- 
mouth, Nova  Scotia,  in  1835,  aged  eighty-seven. 

Porch,  .     Of  North  Carolina.     Captured  after  a 

murderous  affi'ay  in  the  house  of  a  Whig  ;  tried  by  a  court- 
mai'tial,  and  hung. 

PoRCHER,  Philip.  Of  South  Carolina.  Was  in  commis- 
sion under  the  Crown.  His  property  was  confiscated.  Very 
probably  he  was  a  Whig  at  the  outset,  as,  in  1775,  he  was  a 
member  of  the  Provincial  Congress. 

Porter,  Samuel.  Attorney-at-law,  of  Salem,  Massa- 
chusetts. Graduated  at  Harvard  Univei'sity  in  1763.  His 
name  occurs  among  the  bannsters  and  attorneys  who  ad- 
dressed Hutchinson,  on  his  departure  ;  and  among  the  Salem 
Addressers  of  Gage,  on  his  arrival.  In  1776  he  was  a 
member  of  the  ^^  Brompton-Rotv  Tory  Club,^^  or,  the  Loy- 
alist Club,  London,  for  conversation  and  a  dinner  once  a 
week.     The   next  year  he  visited  Wales.     In  1778  he  was 

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PORTER —POTE. 


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proscribed  and  banished.  July  21,  1782,  he  had  jxist  re- 
turned to  London  from  Oporto,  and  gave  some  fellow-Loy- 
alists an  account  of  his  voyage.  In  1784,  one  who  met  him 
said  that  he  seemed  witfiout  inclination  to  return  to  America. 
Curwen  wrote  that  "  neither  time,  climate,  change  of  place, 
or  circumstances,  will  ever  alter  this  man's  character  "  ;  and 
that  he  never  knew  "  one  whose  characteristic  qualities 
were  so  deeply  impressed  as  his."  Mr.  Porter  died  at  Lon- 
don in  1798. 

Porter,  James.  Comptroller-General  of  the  Customs. 
He  embarked  at  Boston  with  the  British  Army,  for  Hali- 
fax, in  1776.  He  arrived  in  England  in  August  of  that 
year. 

Porter,  Asa.  Of  New  Hampshire.  He  graduated  at 
Harvard  University  in  1762,  and  settled  at  Newburyport  as  a 
merchant.  Previous  to  the  year  1780  he  removed  to  Haver- 
hill, New  Hampshire,  where  he  acquired  a  large  landed  estate- 
He  suffered  in  person  and  property,  in  consequence  of  his  ad- 
herence to  the  Royal  cause,  and  was  compensated  by  grants 
of  Crown  land  in  Canada.  He  was  on  terms  of  intimacy 
with  Governor  Wentworth,  and  other  gentlemen  of  rank,  and 
was  himself  a  person  of  highly  respectable  character.  He 
died  at  Haverhill,  in  1818,  aged  seventy-six.  His  children 
were  John,  Benjamin,  and  Moses  ;  Mary,  who  married 
Judge  Farrand  ;  Elizabeth,  who  married  the  Hon.  Thomas 
W.  Thompson  ;  and  Sarah,  who  married  the  Hon.  Mills  Or- 
cutt.  The  late  William  T.  Porter,  editor  of  the  "  Spirit  of 
the  Times,"  who  died  in  1858,  was  a  grandson,  The  widow 
of  the  late  Hon.  Rufus  Choaf  >  is  a  granddau^-Iiter. 

Porter,  George  Dudley.  Was  in  the  Royal  military 
service.  He  died  at  Yarmouth,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1841,  aged 
eighty-nine. 

Pote,  Jeremiah.  Merchant,  of  Falmouth,  Maine.  He 
owned  and  occupied  one  of  the  two  principal  wharves  erected 
in  that  town  previous  to  the  Revolution  ;  transacted  a  large 
business,  and  filled  offices  of  trust  and  honor.  In  1774  a  pub- 
lic meeting  was  called  to  consider  the  state  of  public  affairs, 


POTTLE.  — POTTS. 


199 


which  he  attended ;  but  he  desired  that  his  dissent  might  be 
entered  against  a  resolution  relative  to  the  Ministry  and  East 
India  Company,  which  was  introduced  and  passed.  In  1775 
he  rendered  himself  obnoxious  during  tiie  troubles  with  Mow- 
att,  which  resulted  in  the  burning  of  the  town.  He  was  sum- 
moned before  the  Whigs,  who,  under  Thompson,  assumed  the 
government,  and  organized  themselves  into  a  board  of  war, 
and  I'equired  him  to  contribute  money  and  provisions,  and  to 
give  a  bond,  in  the  sum  of  £2000,  to  appear  at  the  Provincial 
Congress  of  Massachusetts,  and  give  an  account  of  his  con- 
duct. In  the  conflagration  which  soon  followed,  his  loss  in 
real  estate  was  £656,  and  in  other  property  £202.  In  1778 
he  was  proscribed  and  banished.  After  the  peace  he  settled 
in  St.  Andrew,  at  the  mouth  of  the  river  St.  Croix,  New 
Brunswick,  where  he  died,  November  23, 1796,  aged  seventy- 
one  years.  His  son  Robert  deceased  at  the  same  place,  No- 
vember 8,  1794,  at  the  age  of  twenty-five  ;  and  his  widow, 
Elizabeth,  died  December  24,  1809,  aged  seventy-nine. 

Pottle,  William,  Jr.  Of  Stratham,  New  Hampshire. 
In  1774,  after  having  been  accused  of  his  manifold  sins  against 
the  country  in  no  gentle  terms,  he  was  hooted,  mobbed,  per- 
sued,  and  dragged  from  his  horse. 

Potts,  Edward.  Was  Captain-Lieutenant  of  De  Lan- 
cey's  Second  Battalion.  In  1783,  commissioned  a  Lieutenant 
of  Infantry  in  the  British  Army.  A  gentleman  of  this  name 
died  at  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1809. 

Potts,  John.  Of  Philadelphia.  Judge  of  the  Court  of 
Common  Pleas.  After  Galloway  deserted  the  Whig  cause 
and  went  to  England,  he  was  a  correspondent.  He  fled  to 
New  York ;  and  in  November  of  that  year  he  wrote,  that  ''It 
is  very  evident  that  unless  Government  can  disengage  itself 
from  an  European  war,  and  employ  a  greater  force  and  more 
vigor  in  the  prosecution  of  this,  the  game  is  certainly  up  and 
America  lost."  In  1779  his  estate  was  confiscated.  At  the 
peace  he  was  a  petitioner  for  lands  in  Nova  Scotia.  [See 
Abijah  Willard,']  In  a  Loyalist  tract,  published  at  London 
in  1784,  I  find  it  said  that  he  was  loyal  until  the  evacuation 


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POWELL. 


of  Philadelphia,  when  he  offered  half  of  his  property  to  the 
Whigs  if  they  would  restore  the  other  moiety,  which  they  re- 
fused to  do. 

Powell,  William  Dummell.  Of  Boston.  He  became 
Chief  Justice  of  Upper  Canada,  and  died  at  Toronto,  in  that 
Colony,  in  1834,  aged  seventy-nine.  His  widow,  Anne,  died 
at  the  same  place,  in  1849,  aged  ninety-four. 

Powell,  John.  Of  Boston.  He  was  one  of  the  fifty-eight 
Boston  memorialists,  who,  in  17G0,  arrayed  themselves  against 
the  officers  of  the  Crown.  But  in  1774  he  was  an  Addi'esser 
of  Hutchinson,  and  in  1775  an  Addresser  of  Gage.  He 
went,  to  Halifax  in  1776  ;  and  in  1778  he  was  proscribed 
auu.  banished.     In  1783  he  was  in  England. 

Powell,  Robert  William.  Of  Charleston,  South  Caro- 
lina. Before  the  Revolution  he  was  a  merchant,  and  con- 
ducted a  large  busir.ess.  In  the  early  proceedings  in  that 
city,  he  appears  to  have  acted  with  the  Whigs.  He  was  a 
member  of  the  House  of  Assembly  in  1774,  and  chairman  of 
a  general  meeting  called  at  Charleston,  to  consider  the  Boston 
Port  Bill  and  other  grievances,  and  to  support  the  measures 
proper  to  be  adopted  in  consequence  thereof ;  and,  as  the  or- 
gan of  the  committee,  acquainted  the  House  that  during  the 
recess  they  had  nominated  delegates  to  meet  deputies  from  the 
other  Colonies  in  the  Congress  at  Philadelphia,  in  September 
of  that  year.  The  nominations  were  confirmed.  At  a  subse- 
quent period  he  was  found  among  the  adherents  of  the  Crown, 
and  during  the  war  raised  and  commanded  a  regiment  or  bat- 
talion of  troops.  He  accordingly  lost  his  large  estate  by  con- 
fiscation, but  received  partial  compensation  as  a  Loyalist  under 
the  Act  of  Parliament.  He  went  to  England,  and  in  1794 
represented  to  the  British  Government,  that,  at  the  time  of  his 
banishment  and  the  forfeiture  of  his  property,  large  debts  were 
due  to  him  in  America,  which,  though  the  debtors  were  able 
to  pay,  remained  unpaid,  and  he  prayed  for  interposition  and 
relief     He  died  in  1835. 

Powell,  James  Edward.  Of  Georgia.  A  Dissenter  to 
Whig  resolutions  in  1774.     Went  to  England,  and  was  an 


POWELL.  — PRINCE. 


201 


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Addresser  of  the  King,  at  London,  in  1779.  Banished,  and 
estate  confiscated.  In  1781,  appointed  Lieutenant-Governor 
of  the  Bahama  Islands. 

Powell,  Solomon.  Settled  in  Richebucto,  Nova  Scotia, 
and  died  there.  Elizabeth,  his  widow,  deceased  at  that  place 
in  1837,  aged  ninety-one. 

Powell,  Jacob.  Went  from  New  York  to  Richebucto, 
Nova  Scotia,  in  1783.  He  became  a  magistrate,  and  died 
in  1819,  aged  fifty-three. 

Power,  Thomas.  In  1782  a  Lovalist  Associator  at  New 
York,  to  settle  at  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  the  following  year, 
with  his  family  of  three  persons.  A  person  of  this  name  died 
at  Fredericton,  New  Brunswick,  in  1829. 

PoYNTON,  Thomas.  Of  Salem,  Massachusetts.  Was  one 
of  the  forty-eight  merchants  and  others,  of  the  ancient  town 
of  Salem,  who  addressed  Gage  on  his  arrival  to  succeed 
Hutchinson,  June,  1774.  He  went  to  England  the  follow, 
ing  year,  and  died  there  before  the  peace. 

PozEii,  George.  Of  New  York.  A  native  of  the  Grand 
Duchy  of  Baden,  and  born  in  1752.  He  went  to  England  in 
1773,  thence  emigrated  to  Philadelphia,  and  finally  settled  at 
Schoharie,  New  York,  where  he  remained  until  the  Revolu- 
tion. A  determined  Loyalist,  he  refused  to  swear  allegiance 
to  the  Whigs,  was  driven  ofi^,  and  made  good  his  escape  to 
New  York  city,  then  in  possession  of  the  British  Army.  He 
engaged  in  trade  with  success  until  the  peace,  when  he  em- 
barked for  England.  After  visiting  Germany,  to  recover  a 
small  landed  estate  which  he  had  inherited,  he  removed  to 
Canada  with  his  family.  He  died  at  Toronto,  Upper  Canada, 
in  1848,  aged  ninety-five. 

Price,  Walter.  He  settled  in  York  County,  New  Bruns- 
wick, as  an  Episcopal  minister,  and  died  there. 

Prince,  John.  Of  Salem,  Massachusetts.  Physician. 
An  Addresser  of  Gage.  Went  to  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,  where, 
in  1779,  he  had  acquired  a  competency  as  a  merchant.  His 
wife  was  a  daughter  of  Richard  Derby.  He  returned  to  the 
United  States. 


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Prince,  John.  Died  at  Hampton,  New  Brunswick,  in 
1825,  at  an  old  age. 

Proud,  Robert.  Of  Pliiladolphia.  In  1761  he  became 
a  teachei*  of  Greek  and  Latin  in  the  Friends'  Academy,  and 
continued  until  the  Revolution.  Charles  Brockden  Brown, 
the  celebrated  novelist,  was  his  pupil.  He  entered  into  an 
unfortunate  enterprise  with  his  brother,  losing,  as  he  averred, 
"  by  the  confusion  and  the  iniquities  of  the  times."  His  want 
of  success,  however,  was  attributed  by  others  to  his  "  high 
Tory  feelings."  He  wrote  a  History  of  Pennsylvania,  which 
was  published  in  two  volumes,  in  the  years  1797  and  1798. 
The  work  is  valuable  on  many  accounts  ;  but  is  deficient  in 
continued  and  well  sustained  narrative.  The  publication  was 
unprofitable,  and  occasioned  him  loss. 

He  was  not  only  decided  in  his  attachment  to  the  Crown, 
but  was  of  the  opinion  that  the  Revolution  would  prove  both 
the  cause  and  the  commencement  of  the  decline  of  national 
virtue  and  prosperity  in  America.  "  Dominie  Proud  wore  a 
curled,  gray  wig,  and  a  half-cocked,  ancient  hat."  He  was 
tall,  had  a  Roman  nose,  and  "  most  impending  brow."  He 
was  never  married,  and  in  his  old  age  called  himself  "a  de- 
cayed gentleman."     He  died  in  1813,  aged  eighty-five. 

Prout,  Timothy.  Of  Boston.  Graduated  at  Harvard 
University  in  1741.  Arrested  by  order  of  the  Council  of 
Massachusetts,  April,  1776.  At  New  York,  in  1782,  a  Loyal- 
ist Associator  to  settle  at  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  with  his 
family  of  five  persons.  Said  to  have  died  within  the  British 
lines  before  the  peace. 

PuNDERSON,  Ebenezer.  Of  Connecticut.  Physician. 
Born  in  Norwich.  Graduated  at  Yale  College  in  1756.  At 
the  Revolutionary  era  he  fared  hard  at  the  hands  of  the 
"  Sons  of  Liberty."  Of  one  affair,  his  own  account  is  that 
he  was  hunted,  pursued,  and  threatened  with  death  ;  and  that 
he  made  two  confession:  to  save  his  life.  He  escaped  ;  and 
afler  rowing  a  cockboat  eighteen  miles,  was  taken  up  by  a 
vessel  and  put  on  board  the  frigate  Rose  bound  to  Boston. 
He  went  to  England  in  1775,  and  was  in  London  in  Decem- 


!    ,1- 


PURCELL— PURDY. 


203 


X 


ber  of  that  year,  the  companion  of  tlie  Rev.  Dr.  Peters  of 
Hebron.  He  retui'netl  to  Connecticut  previous  to  1778,  and, 
again  molested,  fled.  The  British  Commissary  sent  him  to 
Long  Island,  to  exact  grain  from  the  inhabitants ;  but,  fearful 
of  meeting  people  from  New  England  who  knew  him,  the 
service  was  not  performed.  He  continued  within  the  lines  of 
the  Royal  Army,  and  was  joined  by  his  family.  In  July, 
1780,  a  party  of  Whigs  surrounded  his  house,  took  him  prison- 
er, and  carried  him  to  his  native  State.  His  captors  told  his 
wife  that  his  seizure  was  in  retaliation  for  the  capture  of  John 
Smith,  and  that  they  should  hold  the  Doctor  for  exchange. 
Such  cases  were  not  uncommon.  He  died  at  Rye,  very  aged, 
in  1809. 

PuRCELL,  Rev.  Robert.  Of  South  Carolina.  Episcopal 
minister.  In  1769  he  was  elected  Assistant  to  the  Rector  of 
the  parish  of  St.  Philip's,  and  was  presented  by  the  Vestry 
with  i£200  currency.  The  next  year,  arrangements  were 
made  for  a  new  parsonage,  and  to  lease  a  pai't  of  the  glebe. 
In  1775  he  went  to  England,  intending  to  return  ;  but,  the 
war  breaking  out,  he  I'emained.  He  received  a  pension  of 
<£100  as  a  Loyalist. 

PuRDY.  Of  West  Chester  County,  New  York.  Protest- 
ers against  the  Whigs  at  White  Plains,  April,  1775.  Da- 
vid entered  the  service  as  an  Ensign  ;  was  a  Captain  in  the 
King's  American  Regiment ;  was  wounded,  August  29,  1778, 
in  Rhode  Island ;  settled  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  at  the 
peace,  and  was  the  grantee  of  two  city  lots.  Jonathan,  Jr., 
joined  a  Loyalist  corps,  was  taken  prisoner,  and  confined  in 
White  Plains  Jail ;  petitioned  for  release,  August,  1776. 
Elijah,  of  whom,  in  1779,  Burr  wrote  General  Malcolm  — 
"  I  can  secure  Elijah  Purdy  at  any  time,  if  you  direct :  there 
is  no  danger  in  delaying  till  I  can  hear  from  you.  I  wish  to 
clear  the  country  of  these  rascals.  It  would  be  of  infinite 
service  to  hang  a  few  up  in  this  neighborhood."  Gilbert 
went  to  St.  John,  and  was  a  grantee  of  the  city.  Joseph, 
Jr.,  was  drowned  in  the  river  St.  John,  1844.  Samuel  died 
at  St.  John,  1841.     Timothy  was  grandfather  of  Elijah  F. 


■'  !. 


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204 


PURVIS.  — PUTNAM. 


iii 
1ii 


I  i 


li 


I.  i' 


Purdy,  late  Surveyor  of  the  Customs  at  the  port  of  New  York. 
Besides  tlie  Protesters,  Archibald  embarked  for  Nova  Sco- 
tia in  1783  ;  and  Henky  Purdy,  a  magistrate,  died  at  Fort 
Lawrence,  New  Brunswick,  1827,  aged  eiglity-three. 

Purvis,  John.  Of  South  Carolina.  In  June,  1775,  when 
the  Provincial  Congress  (of  which  body  he  was  a  member) 
raised  two  regiments  of  foot  and  one  of  horse,  he  was  com- 
missioned a  Captain  in  the  latter,  and  took  the  field  as  a  Whig 
officer.  During  the  affair  with  the  Cunninghams,  in  July  of 
that  year,  he  went  over  to  the  adherents  of  the  Crown,  and 
his  troop  followed  his  example.  The  desertion  of  Purvis  and 
of  Kirkland  at  the  same  time,  with  their  commands,  had  a 
pernicious  influence  upon  the  affairs  of  the  Whigs  of  South 
Carolina.  A  John  Purvis,  "formei'ly  a  merchant  of  Charles- 
ton, South  Carolina,"  died  at  Pittsfield,  Massachusetts,  in 
1811,  aged  fiftv-four. 

Putnam,  James.  Of  Worcester,  Massachusetts.  He  was 
born  in  Danvers,  in  that  State,  in  1725,  and  graduated  at  Har- 
vard University  in  1746.  He  studied  law  with  Judge  Trow- 
bridge, and  settled  in  Worcester.  In  1757  he  was  a  Major, 
and  in  service  under  Lord  Loudon.  In  1775  he  was  ah  Ad- 
dresser of  Hutchinson,  and  the  following  year  embarked  with 
the  Royal  Army  for  Halifax.  In  1778  he  was  banished  and 
proscribed.  After  the  division  of  Nova  Scotia,  and  in  1784, 
he  was  appointed  a  Judge  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  New. 
Brunswick,  and  a  member  of  the  Council.  He  died  at  St. 
John,  in  the  last  named  Province,  in  1789.  He  was  of  the 
lineage  of  General  Israel  Putnam.  I  used  to  hear  it  said, 
when  my  home  was  on  the  frontier,  that  he  was  the  ablest 
lawyer  in  all  America.  John  Adams,  who  was  his  student  at 
law  and  boarded  in  his  family,  remarks  that  he  possessed  great 
acuteness  of  mind,  had  a  very  extensive  and  successful  prac- 
tice, and  was  eminent  in  his  profession. 

The  tablet  erected  over  his  remains  records  that  his  widow, 
Elizabeth,  died  in  1798,  aged  sixty-six  ;  his  daughter  Elizabeth 
Knox,  in  1787,  aged  eighteen  ;  his  granddaughter,  Elizabeth 
Knox,  in  1789,  aged  five  months ;  his  son,  Ebenezer,  in  1798, 


L 


PUTNAM.  — QUIGLEY. 


205 


!:  I 


I 


aged  tliirty-six  years  ;  and  liis  great-grandson,  James,  in  1826, 
aged  eleven  months.  The  motto  at  the  close  of  the  inscrip- 
tions is,  "  VlVlT  POST  FUNEBA  VlKTUS." 

I  have  often  stood  at  his  grave  and  mused  upon  the  strange 
vicissitudes  of  human  condition,  by  which  the  mastei*,  one 
of  the  giants  of  the  American  Colonial  Bar,  became  an  out- 
law and  an  exile,  broken  in  fortune  and  in  spirit,  while  his 
struggling  and  almost  friendless  pupil,  elevated  step  by  step  by 
the  very  same  course  of  events,  was  finally  known  the  world 
over  as  the  Chief  Magistrate  of  a  Nation. 

Putnam,  James,  Jr.  Son  of  James  Putnam.  Graduated 
at  Harvard  Univei'sitj/  in  1774.  He  was  one  of  the  eighteen 
country  gentlemen  who  were  driven  to  Boston,  and  who  ad- 
dressed Gage  on  his  departure  in  1775.  He  went  to  Eng- 
land, and  died  there  in  March,  1838 ;  having  been  a  barrack- 
master,  a  member  of  the  household,  and  an  executor  of  the 
late  Duke  of  Kent. 

Pynchon,  William,  Counsellor-at-law.  Of  Salem,  Massa- 
chusetts. Graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1743,  and 
died  March,  1789,  aged  sixty-eight  years.  He  was  one  of  the 
Salem  Addressers  of  Gage,  on  his  arrival  to  succeed  Hutchin- 
son, in  1774 ;  but  remaining  in  the  country,  was  not  pro- 
scribed, though  his  property  and  his  peace  suffered  from  the 
fury  of  mobs.  His  name  is  also  found  among  the  barristers 
and  attorneys  who  addressed  Hutchinson.  Katharine,  his 
wife,  survived  him.  His  sons  William  and  John  died  without 
issue. 

Pynchon,  Joseph.  In  1782,  at  New  York,  a  Loyalist 
Associator  to  settle  at  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  with  his  family 
of  seven  persons  ;  two  years  later,  at  Shelburne,  a  magistrate, 
and  one  of  the  Addressers  of  Sir  Charles  Douglas. 

QuERRY,  Richard.  Of  the  Continental  Army.  Sentenced 
to  death,  in  1777,  for  attempting  to  join  the  side  of  the  Crown. 

QuiGLEY,  John.  Of  New  Hampshire.  Assistant  Deputy- 
Surveyor  of  the  King's  Woods.  He  had  an  affray  with  "  tres- 
passers," as  early  as  1772,  when,  overcome,  he  fled  to  a  house 
and  shut  himself  up  in  a  chamber.    His  assailants  pursued, 

VOL.  II.  18 


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206 


QUlNCf. 


N  if 


I  ^: 


VM  ' 


n 


1  t       '!■■  (-, 

i     ■   -  ;  '       ' 

and  taking  up  the  ceiling  over  his  head,  beat  him  with  h)ng 
poles,  thrust  from  the  attic,  until  he  surrendered.  In  1775 
he  was  seized  and  confined  in  jail  at  Amherst ;  but  released, 
finally,  he  departed  the  State.  In  1778  he  was  proscribed 
and  banished. 

QuiNCY,  Samukl.  Of  Massachusetts.  Second  son  of 
Josiah  Quincy.  Born  in  Braintree  (now  Quincy)  in  178;'). 
Graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1754.  Studied  law,  rose 
to  distinction,  and  succeeded  Jonathan  Sewall  as  Solicitor- 
General  of  the  Province.  His  father  and  brothers  were 
Whigs  ;  and,  for  a  time,  his  own  sympathies  seem  to  have 
been  with  the  popular  party.  Influenced  by  his  official  du- 
ties and  connections,  he  adhered  to  the  Crown.  When  John 
Adams  heard  that  Hancock  had  purchased  twenty  writs  of 
him,  he  recorded,  —  "  Oh,  the  mutability  of  the  legal,  com- 
mercial, social,  political,  as  well  as  the  material  world  !  For 
about  three  or  four  years  I  have  done  all  Mr.  Hancock's  busi- 
ness, and  have  waded  through  wearisome,  anxious  days  and 
nights  in  his  defence ;  but  farewell !  "  A  remark  of  Mra. 
Adams  leads  to  the  conclusion  that  Mrs.  Quincy  was  not 
pleased  with  her  husband's  course  in  the  politics  of  the  time, 
and  that  he  became  a  Loyalist  against  her  advice.  In  1775 
General  Burgoyne  occupied  his  house  in  Boston.  "A  lady 
who  lived  opposite,  says  she  saw  raw  meat  cut  and  hacked 
upon  the  mahogany  tables,  and  the  superb  damask  curtains 
exposed  to  the  rain,  as  if  they  were  of  no  value."  Well  did 
Mrs.  Adams  add,  "  How  much  better  do  the  Tories  fare  than 
the  Whigs  ?  "  On  the  25th  day  of  May  of  the  year  last  men- 
tioned, Mr.  Quincy  left  Boston  and  went  to  England ;  and 
soon  after  his  arrival  he  saw  the  King  robe,  and  from  the 
throne  assent  to  the  American  Prohibitory  Bill.  Early  in 
1776  he  was  a  member  of  the  '■^ BrompUm-Row  Tory  Club" 
or  Loyalist  Association  in  London,  for  convei'sation  and  a 
weekly  dinner.  His  wife  was  still  in  Massachusetts.  In  a 
letter  to  her,  January  1, 1777,  he  said :  "  The  continuance 
of  our  unhappy  situation  has  something  in  it  so  unexpected* 
so  unprecedented,  so  complicated  with  evil  and  misfortune,  it 


!    I 


QUINCY.  — QUINTON. 


207 


has  become  almost  too  burdensome  iov  my  spirits,  nor  have  I 
words  tliat  can  reach  its  description."  Again,  on  the  12th  of 
March  :  "  You  inciuire  whetlier  I  cannot  boar  contempt  and 
reproach,  ratlier  than  remain  any  longer  separated  from  my 
family  ?  .  .  .  You  urge,  as  an  inducement  to  my  return,  that 
my  countrymen  will  not  deprive  me  of  life.  I  have  never 
once  harbored  such  an  idea.  Sure  I  am  I  have  never  merited 
from  them  such  a  punishment.  Dift'erence  of  opinion  I  have 
never  known  to  be  a  capital  offence ;  and  were  the  truth  and 
motives  of  my  conduct  justly  scrutinized,  I  am  persuaded  they 
would  not  regard  me  as  an  enemy  plotting  their  ruin."  A 
year  later  his  name  ai)peared  in  the  Massachusetts  Proscrip- 
tion and  Confiscation  Act.  When  he  enjbarked  for  England 
he  designed  to  be  absent  for  a  few  months  only ;  but  banished 
by  the  operation  of  the  law  of  1778,  he  turned  his  thoughts  to 
official  and  professional  employment  in  the  West  Indies  ;  and, 
March  15,  1770,  he  communicated  to  a  friend  that,  at  last,  he 
had  "obtained  the  place  of  Comptroller  of  the  Customs  at  the 
port  of  Parham,  in  Antigua." 

Mrs.  Quincy,  who  was  a  sister  of  Henry  Hill,  of  Boston, 
died  November,  1782.  Mr.  Quincy  married  again  while  at 
Antigua.  Impaired  in  health,  he  sailed  for  England  in  1789, 
accompanied  by  his  wife.  He  died  at  sea,  in  sight  of  the  Brit- 
ish coast.  "  His  remains  were  interred  on  13ristol  Hill.  His 
widow  immediately  reembarked  for  the  West  Indies,  but  her 
voyage  was  tempestuous.  Grief  for  the  loss  of  her  husband, 
to  whom  she  was  sti'ongly  attached,  and  suffering  from  the 
storm  her  vessel  encountered,  terminated  her  life  on  her  home- 
ward passage." 

It  is  not  a  little  singular  that  two  of  Mr.  Quincy 's  brothers 
died,  as  he  did,  on  shipboard  ;  Josiah,  the  youngest  one,  and 
father  of  the  venerable  Josiah  Quincy  (the  elder)  of  our  own 
day,  was  the  most  distinguished  of  the  family,  and  one  of  the 
purest  of  the  Whigs  of  the  Revolutionary  era. 

QuiNTON,  Dixon.  Of  Worcester  County,  Maryland.  The 
Whig  Committee  of  that  county  pronounced  him  to  be  an 
enemy  to  his  country,  June  7,  1776.     His  offence  consisted 


i; 

I) 

\ 

i 


\i 


I 


I: 


l|!| 


i 


•  i 


208 


RAINSFOUD.  —  RANDOLPH. 


I     1 


\    1^ 


f   'I 


in  (k'ulitip;  in  salt,  "  imported  contrnry  to  the  Resolves  of  the 
Continental  Congress." 

llAiNflFOHi),  Anurkw.  Af'tcr  the  Revolution  he  became  a 
resident  of  New  Hrunswick,  and  was  Receiver-General,  and 
Assistant  Harrack-master  of  that  (Colony.  He  died  at  Fred- 
ericton,  in  1H20,  at  the  age  of  eighty-six,  leaving  numerous 
descendants.  Four  of  his  sons,  it  is  believed,  held,  or  have 
held,  military  conunissions  in  the  Hritish  service. 

RvKKf^TRAW,  Hkhon.  Seized,  with  thirteen  others,  Febru- 
ary, 1778,  near  Philadelphia,  by  a  jmrty  of  Whigs;  died  of 
privations  and  cxj)08ure  after  a  fortnight's  confinement. 

Rand,  Isaac.  Physician,  »)f  Boston.  He  was  born  in 
1743,  and  graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1701.  In 
1764  he  settled  in  Boston  as  a  practitioner  of  medicine,  and 
rose  to  great  enunence.  His  political  opinions  were  well 
known.  He  continued  in  Boston  during  the  siege;  but  as 
he  was  at  no  time  an  active  partisan,  the  Whigs  did  not 
molest  him.  From  1798  to  1804  ho  was  President  of  the 
Massachusetts  Medical  Society.  He  was  a  mati  of  great  be- 
nevolence of  character ;  gave  both  money  iind  professional 
services  to  the  poor ;  and  whole  families  owed  their  support 
for  years  to  his  bounty.  His  manners  were  polished  ;  his  life 
in  the  highest  degree  exemplary.  He  died  in  1822,  at  the 
age  of  seventy-nine.  He  wrote  and  published  essays  on  med- 
ical subjects. 

Randolph,  Ji.i.N.  Of  Virginia.  Last  Royal  Attorney- 
General.  He  was  preceded  in  that  office  by  his  father,  John 
Randolph,  and  by  his  brother,  Peyton  Randolph.  The  lat- 
ter, when  sent  to  England  on  public  business,  spoiie  his  mind 
too  freely,  and  was  dismissed.  John  was  born  in  1728,  and 
was  considered  the  ablest  lawyer  in  Virginia.  Like  Peyton, 
he  was  employed  by  the  Assembly  on  several  important  mis- 
sions to  the  mother  coup  try.  During  the  stormy  debate  in 
the  House  of  Burgesses  c"  the  Stamp  Act,  when  Patrick 
Henry  "disdained  submissi^.i,"  d.id  exc'aimed,  —  "  Tarquin 
and  CoBsar  had  each  his  Bi'utus  ;  Charles  the  First  his  Crom- 
well ;  —  (and,  interrupted  by  tiie  cry  of  '  treason  !  treason  !' 


<1 


RANDOLPH.  —  RANKIN. 


201) 


added,)  —  and  George  the  Third  may  profit  bv  'i''ir  exam- 
ple." Randolph,  singly  and  alone,  resisted  the  Whigs.  Ten 
years  later,  ho  abandoned  his  native  country. 

"  Many  people  have  made  a  stir  about  Mrs.  Washington's 
continuing  at  Moun*  V 'rnnn,"  wrote  Lund,  to  the  (Jeneral, 
near  the  close  of  !  77.>,  "but  I  cannot  think  there  is 


daniror." 


L.. 


imore  will  hardly 


any 
limself  venture 


up  the  river  •  nor  do  I  l.olievo  he  will  send  on  that  errand. 
Surely  lnv  old  ac.juiiintance,  the  Attorney,  [Uandcdph,]  who, 
with  his  fivinily,  is  on  board  his  ship,  would  prevent  his  doing 
an  act  of  that  kind."  Mr.  Randolph  went  immediately  to 
England  ;  and  in  November,  111,'),  Mr.  Jefferson  addressed 
him  at  London,  nmiouncing  the  death  of  his  brother  Peyton, 
President  of  the  C'ontinental  Congress.  Bitterly  enough  did 
the  subject  of  this  notice  lament  his  mistake  in  adhering  to 
the  Crown.  It  was  said,  indeed,  that  he  died  of  a  broken 
heart.  His  death  occurred  at  London,  January  Bl,  178-4,  at 
the  age  of  fifty-six.  In  accordance  with  his  dying  request,  his 
remains  were  conveyed  to  Virginia,  and  interred  by  the  side 
of  those  of  Peyton,  beneath  the  floor  of  the  Chapel  of  William 
and  Mary  College.  His  only  son,  Edmund,  was  Governor  of 
Virginia,  Attorney-General  of  the  United  States,  and  the  suc- 
cessor of  Jefferson  as  Secretary  of  State  in  the  administration 
of  Washington. 

Randolph,  Thomas.  Of  New  Jersey.  Publicly  proved 
an  enemy  to  the  Whigs ;  stripped  naked,  tarred  and  feathered, 
and  carted  through  the  town. 

Randolph,  Robkkt  Fitz.  He  removed  from  New  York 
to  N'  <.  Scotia,  in  1783,  and  died  in  the  county  of  Annapolis, 
in  1831,  at  the  age  of  ninety-four. 

Rankin,  Rev.  Thomas.  Minister  of  the  Methodist  Epis- 
copal Church.  He  was  born  in  Scotland  about  the  year 
1738.  After  several  years  labor  in  the  ministry,  under  the 
auspices  of  Wesley,  he  came  to  America,  in  1773,  as  a  mis- 
sionary ;  and,  soon  after  his  arrival,  he  called  a  Conference, 
which  was  the  first  of  his  denomination  in  Amei'ica.  Though 
he  preached  in  New  Jersey  and  Virginia,  he  uoems  to  have 
18* 


i'l 


!.■ 


'■;> 


c. 


'ir 


\l\\ 

<;,) 


M 


1 


III 


!.!/ 


'I'll 


V 


I .     w 


I! 


210 


RANKIN.  — RAPELJE. 


m^---- 


m 


■I,'       ! 


i  I 
i  I.' 


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f/' 


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l!''U^iM 


been  stationed  at  the  cities  of  New  York  and  Philadelphia. 
In  1776,  while  officiating  at  a  Quarterly  Meeting,  he  was  told 
tliat  he  was  to  be  seized  by  a  party  of  militia,  and  was  advised 
to  depart ;  but  he  decided  to  remain  ;  and  on  reaching  the 
place  where  he  was  to  preach,  he  saw  officers  and  soldiers 
mingled  with  the  congregation.  Ho  was  not,  however,  mo- 
lested. He  returned  to  England  prior  to  June,  1778,  and 
died  at  or  near  Lon'^on  in  1810. 

Rankin,  James.  Of  York  County,  Pennsylvania.  In 
1776  he  confessed,  in  writing,  that  he  had  publicly  misrepre- 
sented and  personally  insulted  the  Whig  Committee  of  Yoi'k 
County ;  asked  forgiveness  ;  and  promised,  *'  on  the  faith  and 
honor  of  an  honest  man,  to  respect  the  Continental  Congress, 
and  behave  as  a  good  citizen."  Attainted,  and  property  con- 
fiscated. In  1781  he  was  Chairman  of  the  Board  of  Refugees, 
at  New  York.  In  1793  a  small  part  of  his  estate  was  restored 
to  a  son  and  daughter  ;  but,  as  late  as  1852,  his  heirs  claimed 
of  the  Legislature  of  Pennsylvania  the  sum  of  $30,000,  in 
restitution  for  the  part  retained  by  the  State.  A  bill  was  in- 
troduced, discussed,  and  postponed. 

Rapaltk,  John.  Of  New  York.  In  1774  he  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Committee  of  Correspondence,  and  in  1775  he  had 
a  seat  in  the  House  of  Assembly,  and  was  one  of  the  fourteen 
who,  during  the  recess  that  year,  addressed  General  Gage, 
at  Boston,  on  the  subject  of  the  unhappy  contest.  His  prop- 
erty was  confiscated,  and  he  departed  the  country.  During 
the  war,  he  was  in  authority  at  Brooklyn,  and  it  is  supposed 
that  he  carried  off  the  public  records  of  that  town,  as  they 
were  never  seen  after  his  removal.  His  estate  was  large,  and 
consisted  principally  of  land.  He  died  in  England,  in  1802, 
in  his  seventy-fourth  year. 

Rai'elje,  George.  Of  New  York.  Captain  in  the  Loyal 
Militia.  In  1776  he  was  at  the  head  of  a  party  of  light- 
horse,  in  Newtown,  who  brandished  their  naked  swords,  and 
declared  that  they  "  were  in  pursuit  of  that  damned  rebel.  Doc- 
tor Riker,"  to  the  great  terror  of  the  women.  The  object  of 
their  wrath  had  escaped  in  a  boat.    He  subsequently  served  as 


!:■ 


RAPELJE.  -  REDWOOD. 


211 


.1 


Commissaiy  of  Fuel,  and  under  his  direction  large  quantities 
of  wood  were  cut  for  the  use  of  the  Royal  troops.  At  the 
peace,  accompanied  by  his  family  of  five,  and  seven  servants, 
he  went  from  New  York  to  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  where 
the  Crown  granted  him  fifty  acres  of  land,  one  town,  and  one 
water  lot.  A  person  of  this  name  was  in  Florida  soon  after 
the  Revolution. 

Rapel,ie,  Captain  Jeromus.  Of  Newtown,  New  York. 
In  1776,  among  the  proscribed  ;  he  died  that  year,  while  the 
Whigs  were  in  search  of  him.  It  is  said  that  his  family, 
appn  nensive  of  violence  to  his  remains,  buried  him  in  great 
hast<;. 

Rapelje,  Rem.  Of  New  York.  "  We  had  some  grand 
toory  rides  in  tliis  city  this  week,"  wrote  Peter  Elting,  June 
13,  1776.  Yesterday  "several  of  them  ware  hondled  verry 
roughly,  being  caried  trugh  the  streets  on  rails,  there  doaths 
tore  from  there  becks,  and  there  bodies  pritty  well  mingled 
with  the  dust."  Rapoljo  was  one  of  the  victims.  "  Tiiere 
is  hardly  a  toory  face  to  be  seen  this  morning,"  said  Elting,  in 
continuation.  In  October,  of  the  same  year,  Rapelje  was  an 
Addresser  of  Lord  and  Sir  W^illiam  Howe. 

Ratheu,  Joseph.  Of  North  Carolina.  Went  to  England 
previous  to  July,  1779. 

Raymond,  Stent.  Of  Connecticut.  A  grantee  of  St. 
John,  New  Brunswick,  in  1788.  Sarah,  his  widow,  died  at 
Hampton,  in  that  Province,  in  1847,  aged  eighty-six. 

Raymond,  Silas.  Of  Norwalk,  Connecticut.  With  his 
wife  and  four  children,  and  widow  Mary,  of  the  same  place, 
arrived  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  in  the  ship  Union,  in 
the  spring  of  1783.  Silas  settled  in  King's  County,  and  died 
there  in  1824,  aged  seventy-six. 

Raymond,  White.  Of  Norwalk,  Connecticut.  Went  to 
New  Brunswick  at  the  peace.  Deceased  in  1835,  at  the  age 
of  seventy-six,  and  was  buried  at  Hampton. 

Redwood,  Abraham,  Jr.  Of  Rhode  Island.  The  son, 
I  conclude,  of  Abraham  Redwood,  founder  of  the  Redwood 
Library,  who  died  at  Newport,  Rhode  Island,  in  1788,  in  the 


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REED.  -  REINE. 


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seventy-ninth  year  of  his  age.  The  subject  of  this  brief  note 
departed  with  the  British  Army  at  the  evacuation  of  the  State. 
He  married  Susannali,  daughter  of  James  Honeyman,  Judge 
of  the  Court  of  Vice-Admiralty.  The  estate  bequeathed  lier 
by  lier  father  was  confiscated  ;  but,  on  petition  that  the  con- 
fiscation was  after  the  signing  of  the  preHminaries  of  peace,  it 
was  restored  by  the  General  Assembly. 

Reed,  James.  An  Episcopal  clergyman  of  Newbern, 
North  Carolina.  The  20th  of  July,  1775,  by  recommenda- 
tion of  the  Continental  Congress,  was  kept  as  a  day  of  fasting, 
humiliation,  and  prayer.  He  was  requested  and  entreated  to 
perform  divine  service  in  his  church,  but  refused  ;  and  gave, 
in  substance,  as  a  reason,  that  "  he  should  render  himself  ob- 
noxious to  the  ministry,  and  of  course  lose  his  parish."  But 
he  did  not  save  it.  Subsequently,  the  Whig  Committee 
"earnestly  requested  the  vestry  of  the  parish  to  put  an  end  to 
'  'j  ministerial  functions,  and  that  they  immediately  direct  the 
churchwardens  to  stop  the  payment  of  his  salary."  Mr.  Reed 
was  suspended.  It  appears  from  the  jjroceedings,  that,  on  the 
day  in  question,  the  people  assembled  at  the  church,  in  the 
expectation  of  services  suited  to  the  occasion,  and  that  Mr. 
Reed  "  deserted  his  congregation  ; "  when  a  "  very  animated 
and  spirited  discourse  was  read  by  a  member  of  the  Commit- 
tee to  a  very  crowded  audience." 

Reed,  James.  Grantee  of  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  in 
1783.     Died  at  that  city,  in  1820,  aged  sixty-three. 

Reeve,  Richard.  Of  Boston.  Secretary  to  the  Commis- 
sioners of  the  Customs.  Went  South,  in  1776,  to  join  Sir 
Henry  Clinton,  and  to  act  as  his  Secretary.  Retired  to  Eng- 
land before  December,  1777,  and  died  there  in  1789. 

Regan,  Jeremiah.  A  magistrate.  Died  at  Sussex  Vale, 
New  Brunswick,  in  1815,  aged  seventy-four. 

Register,  Daniel.  Of  Pennsylvania.  Attainted  of  trea- 
son. Surrendered  himself,  and  was  discharged.  At  the  peace, 
settled  at  Pennfield,  New  Brunswick,  and  was  a  grantee  of 
land  there. 

Rbine,  John  and  George.     Of  Lancaster  County,  Penn- 


REMSEN.  —  RICHARDS. 


213 


sylvania.  In  1781  the  Rev.  Peter  Miller  interpos>;d  in  behalf 
of  the  foi'mer,  and  endeavored  to  make  terms  by  which  he 
could  safely  surrender  himself  and  submit  to  trial.  The  cor- 
respondence with  the  President  of  the  Council  was,  however, 
without  results.  Both  were  attainted,  and  lost  their  property 
by  confiscation. 

Remsen,  John.  Of  Long  Island,  New  York.  Died  at 
Clements,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1827. 

Rennie,  John.  He  was  banished,  and  his  estate  confis- 
cated. In  1794  he  and  other  Loyalists  presented  a  memorial 
to  the  British  Government  on  the  subject  of  large  debts  due 
in  America,  which  were  unpaid,  though  the  debtors  were  rich, 
and  though  the  treaty  of  peace  was  supposed  to  afford  means 
of  recovering  all  sums  of  money  that  were  lawfully  due  before 
the  Revolution. 

Renshaw,  Thomas  and  James.  The  first,  a  grantee  of 
St.  John,  Now  Brunswick,  in  1783.  James  died  in  that  Prov- 
ince, in  1835,  aged  eighty. 

Reubell,  John  Caspar.  A  clergyman  of  the  Dutch  Re- 
formed Church,  of  Long  Island,  New  York,  and  a  "  rotund, 
jolly-looking  man."  For  a  time,  during  the  war,  Colonels 
Atlee  and  Miles,  of  the  Whig  service,  were  his  boarders.  He 
prayed  in  his  pulpit  for  "  King  George  the  Third,  Queen 
Charlotte,  the  Princes  and  Princesses  of  tlie  Royal  family, 
and  the  upper  and  lower  Houses  of  Parliament."  He  was 
deposed  from  the  ministry  in  1784. 

Rice,  Jesse.  Of  New  Hampshire.  Physician.  Born  in 
1751.  Graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1772.  In  1778, 
proscribed  and  banished.  Settled  m  Yarmouth,  Nova  Scotia. 
Sir  Thomas  Aston  Cofiin,  Bart.,  Governor  William  Eustis, 
and  Levi  Lincoln,  Attorney-General  of  the  United  States, 
were  classmates. 

Richards,  John.  Of  New  Jersey.  The  Provincial  Con- 
gress, July  13,  1770,  allowed  him  to  live  on  his  own  farm,  on 
parole,  and  under  bond  of  £1000  not  to  depart  thence  more 
than  two  miles  without  leave.  The  same,  I  suppose,  who 
was  killed  by  a  robber  named  Brower,  in  January,  1778. 


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214 


RICHARDSON.  —  RITZEM  A. 


Richardson,  Frank.  Of  Pennsylvania.  The  son  of 
Quaker  parents,  and  "of  gi'eat  personal  beauty  and  address." 
He  mingled  much  with  the  British  officers  in  Philadelphia, 
and  thus  acquired  a  love  for  their  profession.  He  went  to 
London,  procured  a  commission,  and  became  a  Colonel  in  the 
Guards. 

Richardson,  Ebenezer.  Of  Boston.  An  officer  of  the 
Customs,  and  an  informer  against  smuggled  goods.  He  was 
very  obnoxious.  Early  in  1770  he  was  assailed  by  a  mob, 
who  drove  him  to  his  house,  and  threw  stones  through  the 
windows.  As  some  of  the  multitude  were  about  to  force  their 
way  into  his  dwelling  he  fired  upon  them,  and  killed  a  boy 
about  twelve  years  of  age.  He  was  seized  and  dragged 
through  the  streets,  and  threatened  with  immediate  death, 
but  was  finally  taken  before  a  magistrate,  who  committed 
him  to  prison.  At  the  next  term  of  the  Court  he  was  tried 
for  the  offence,  which  all  the  Judges  were  of  the  opinion  was, 
at  most,  but  manslaughter,  wiiile  one  or  more  of  them  consid- 
ered the  homicide  justifiable ;  but  the  jury  gave  a  verdict  of 
murder.  The  Judges,  however,  suspended  sentence,  and 
certified  to  the  Lieutenant-Governor  that  Richardson  was  a 
proper  object  of  pardon,  and  upon  representation  to  the  Min- 
istry, an  order  was  passed  that  his  name  "  should  be  inserted 
in  the  next  Newgate  pardon,"  and  in  due  time  he  was  dis- 
charged, when  he  immediately  absconded. 

Riddle, ,  and  a  son.     Of  North  Carolina.     Caught 

and  hung. 

RiSTEEN,  Joseph.  Died  in  the  county  of  Carlton,  New 
Brunswick,  in  1839,  aged  ninety. 

RiTZEMA,  Rev.  Johannes.  Minister  of  the  Dutch  Church, 
Sleepy  Hollow,  West  Chester  County,  New  York.  In  the 
controversy  which  preceded  the  Revolution,  he  acted  uni- 
formly with  the  Loyalists.  At  the  beginning  of  the  struggle 
his  labors  in  his  parish  ceased. 

Ritzema, .  Of  New  York,  and  son  of  Rev.  Johan- 
nes Ritzema.  Before  the  Revolution  he  kept  a  military 
school  at  Tarrytown.  He  was  an  officer  in  the  service  of  the 
Crown. 


RIVINGTON. 


215 


RiviNGTON,  James.  Of  New  York.  Printer  and  book- 
seller. Born  in  England.  The  following  advertisement  will 
show  something  of  an  American  bookstore  in  17(37  :  — 

"  A  collection  of  Books,  amongst  which  are,  The  annual  register,  or  a 
view  of  the  history,  polities  and  literature  for  the  year  1 765,  SmoUet's 
travels  through  France  and  Italy,  interspersed  with  a  great  many  humour- 
ous and  entertaining  anecdotes.  The  fool  of  (quality  by  Mr.  Brooks,  an 
amiable,  ingenious  and  interesting  performance ;  Voltaire's  works  com- 
pleat,  translated  by  T.  SmoUet,  and  others ;  a  translation  of  the  genuine 
memoirs  of  the  Marchioness  of  Ponipailour  ;  the  philosophy  of  history,  by 
Voltaire ;  the  progress  of  vanity  and  virtue,  or  the  history  of  two  sisters ; 
the  history  of  the  late  minority  ;  and  a  great  variety  of  other  articles,  two 
prolix  for  an  advertisement. 

"  N.  B.  Any  gentleman  having  a  library  of  books  to  dispose  of,  may  find 
purchasers  in  the  said  J.  Rivington,  and  Company." 

Our  Loyalist  established  a  newspaper  called  "  Rivington's 
Gazette,"  which,  at  the  Revolutionary  era  was  known  among 
the  Whigs  as  "  Rivington's  Lying  Gazette."  He  became  very 
obnoxious,  and  was  denounced  in  every  section  of  the  coun- 
try. In  Newport,  Rhode  Island,  the  Whigs  resolved,  March 
1, 1775,  that, 

"  Whereas,  a  certain  James  Rivington,  a  printer  and  sta- 
tioner in  the  city  of  New  York,  impelled  by  the  love  of  sordid 
pelf,  and  a  haughty  domineering  spirit,  hath,  for  a  long  time, 
in  the  dirty  '  Gazette,'  and  in  pamphlets,  if  possible  still  more 
dirty,  uniformly  persisted  in  publishing  every  falsehood  which 
his  own  wicked  imagination,  or  the  imaginations  of  others  t)f 
the  same  stamp,  as  ingenious  perhaps  in  mischief  as  himself, 
could  suggest  and  fabricate,  that  had  a  tendency  to  spread 
jealousies,  fear,  discord,  and  disunion  through  this  country ; 
and  by  partial  and  false  representations  of  facts  hath  endeav- 
ored to  pervert  truth,  and  to  mislead  the  incautious  into 
wrong  conceptions  of  facts  reported,  and  wrong  sentiments 
respecting  the  measures  now  carrying  on  for  the  recovery  and 
establishment  of  our  rights,"  &c.  "  Therefore,  it  is  the  opin- 
ion," «&c.,  "  that  no  further  dealings  or  correspondence  ought 
to  be  had  with  the  said  James  Rivington  ;  and  we  recommend 
it  to  every  person  who  takes  his  paper  to  immediately  drop 
the  same,"  &c. 


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RIVINGTON. 


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ati 

On  the  6th  of  the  same  month  a  similar  resuhition  was 
passed  in  Freehold,  New  Jersey ;  on  the  8th,  a  paragraph 
published  in  his  paper  attracted  the  attention  of  the  Committee 
of  New  York,  who  authorized  Philip  Livingston  and  INIr.  Jay 
to  wait  on  him,  and  ask  for  the  authority  on  which  he  had 
made  a  false  statement ;  on  the  14th,  the  freeholders  of  Ulster 
County,  New  Yox'k,  voted  to  have  no  connection  or  inter- 
course with  him  ;  and  in  May,  Richard  Henry  Lee  wrote  to 
Gouverneur  Morris  that  he  was  "  sony,  for  the  honor  of  human 
nature,  Rivington  has  so  prostituted  himself  in  support  of  a 
cause  the  most  detestable  that  ever  disgraced  mankind."  His 
press  was  finally  destroyed  by  a  mob  from  Connecticut,  who 
also  carried  off  a  part  of  his  types,  and  converted  them  into 
Whig  bullets,  and  compelled  him  to  suspend  the  publica- 
tion of  his  paper.  His  conduct  was  examined  by  the  Pro- 
vincial Congress,  who  referred  his  case  to  the  Continental 
Congress  at  Philadelphia,  and  while  the  latter  were  em- 
ployed in  considering  it,  he  addressed  to  them  the  following 
letter  :  — 

"  Whereas  the  subscriber,  by  the  freedom  of  his  publica- 
tions during  the  present  unhappy  disputes  between  Great 
Britain  and  her  Colonies,  has  brought  upon  himself  much 
public  displeasure  and  resentment,  in  consequence  of  which 
his  life  has  been  endangered,  his  property  invaded,  and  a 
regard  to  his  personal  safety  requires  him  still  to  be  absent 
from  his  family  and  business ;  and  whereas,  it  has  been  ordered 
by  the  Committee  of  Correspondence  for  the  city  of  New 
York  tbat  a  report  of  the  state  of  his  case  should  be  made  to 
the  Continental  Congress,  that  the  manner  of  his  future  treat- 
ment may  be  submitted  to  their  direction  ;  he  thinks  himself 
happy  in  having  at  last  for  his  judges  gentlemen  of  eminent 
rank  and  distinction  in  the  Colonies,  from  whose  enlarged  and 
liberal  sentiments  he  flatters  himself  that  he  can  receive  no 
other  than  an  equitable  sentence,  unbiased  by  popular  clamor 
and  resentment.  He  humbly  presumes  that  the  very  respect- 
able gentlemen  of  the  Congress  now  sitting  at  Philadelphia 
will  permit  him  to  declare,  and,  as  a  man  of  honor  and  verac- 


<:] 


RIVINGTON. 


217 


<i 


ity,  he  can  and  does  solemnly  declare  that  however  wrong 
and  mistaken  he  may  have  been  in  his  opinions,  he  has  always 
meant  honestly  and  openly  to  do  his  duty  as  a  servant  of  the 
public.  Accordingly  his  conduct,  as  a  printer,  has  always 
been  conformable  to  the  ideas  which  he  entertained  of  English 
liberty,  warranted  by  the  practice  of  all  printers  in  Great  Brit- 
ain and  Ireland  for  a  century  past,  under  every  administra- 
tion ;  authorized,  as  he  conceives,  by  the  laws  of  England, 
and  countenanced  by  the  declaration  of  the  late  Congress. 
He  declares  that  his  press  has  been  always  open  and  free  to 
all  parties,  and  for  the  truth  of  this  fact  appeals  to  his  publica- 
tions, among  which  are  to  be  reckoned  all  the  pamphlets,  and 
many  of  the  best  pieces  that  have  been  written  in  this  and  the 
neighboring  Colonies  in  favor  of  the  American  claims.  How- 
ever, having  foimd  that  the  inhabitants  of  the  Colonics  were 
not  satisfied  with  this  plan  of  conduct,  a  few  weeks  ago  he 
published  in  his  paper  a  short  apology,  in  which  he  assured  the 
public  that  he  would  be  cautious  for  the  future  of  giving  any 
further  offence.  To  this  declaration  he  resolves  to  adhere, 
and  he  cannot  but  hope  for  the  patronage  of  the  public,  so 
long  as  his  conduct  shall  be  found  to  correspond  with  it.  It 
is  his  wish  and  ambition  to  be  an  usefiil  member  of  society. 
Although  an  Englishman  by  birth,  he  is  an  American  by 
choice,  and  he  is  desirous  of  devoting  his  life,  in  the  business 
of  his  profession,  to  the  service  of  the  country  he  has  adopted 
for  his  own.  He  lately  employed  no  less  than  sixteen  work- 
men, at  near  one  thousand  pounds  ainiually  ;  and  his  consump- 
tion of  printing-paper,  the  manufacture  of  Pennsylvania, 
New  York,  Connecticut,  and  the  Massachusetts  Bay,  has 
amounted  to  nearly  that  sum.  His  extensive  foreign  corre- 
spondence, his  large  acquaintance  in  Europe  and  America,  and 
the  manner  of  his  education,  are  circumstances  which,  he  con- 
ceives, liave  not  improperly  qualified  him  for  the  station  in 
which  he  wishes  to  continue,  and  in  which  he  will  exert  every 
endeavor  to  be  useful.  He  therefore  humbly  submits  his  case 
to  the  honorable  gentlemen  now  assembled  in  the  Continental 
Congress,  and  begs  that  their  determination  may  be  such  as 

VOL.  II.  19 


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218 


RIVINGTON. 


■I pi  !■■''; 


li^! 


!,    iMl     ( 


■iin 


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,     I 


will  secure  liim,  especially  as  it  is  the  only  thing  that  can 
cH'ectnally  secure  him  in  the  sat'ety  of  his  person,  the  enjoy- 
ment of  his  i)roperty,  and  tho  uninterrupted  prosecution  of  his 
business.  James  Rivinoton. 

"  Miiy  ao,  1775." 

For  a  time  he  made  his  peace  with  the  Whigs,  and  on  the 
7th  of  June  following,  the  Pro\  incial  Congress  of  New  York 
resolved,  that,  "  Whereas  James  Rivington,  of  this  city,  print- 
er, hath  signed  the  General  Association,  and  has  lately  pub- 
lished a  hand-bill  declaring  his  intention  rigidly  to  adhere  to 
the  said  Association  ;  and  also  asked  the  pardon  of  the  pub- 
lic, who  have  been  offended  by  his  ill-judged  publications  ; 
therefore,  he  be  permitted  to  return  to  his  house  and  family  ; 
and  this  Congress  doth  recommend  it  to  the  inhal.iL.aits  of  this 
Colony  not  to  molest  him  in  his  j)erson  or  property." 

But  Rivington,  like  almost  every  other  person  who  once 
incurred  odium  or  suspicion,  fell  oft".  He  went  to  England, 
where  he  furnished  himself  anew  with  materials  for  printing, 
and  was  a])pointed  King's  printer  for  New  York.  In  1777 
he  returned,  and  resumed  the  publication  of  his  paper,  but 
changed  its  name  to  that  of  the  "  Royal  Gazette." 

On  the  vert/  day  that  Andre  was  taken  prisoner,  Rivington 
published  his  "  Cow-Chase."     I  quote  the  last  stanza  :  — 

"  And  now  I  've  closed  my  epic  strain, 
I  tremble  as  I  show  it, 
Lest  this  same  Warrior,  Drover,  Wayne, 
Should  ever  catch  the  Poet ! " 

At  the  peace,  Rivington  attempted  to  conciliate  the  Whigs, 
and  to  keep  up  his  "  Gazette,"  but  failing  in  this,  his  editorial 
labors  ceased  in  1783.  He  was  possessed  of  fine  talents,  polite 
manners,  and  was  well  informed.  It  is  apparent  from  the 
correspondence  of  several  of  the  leaders  on  the  popular  side, 
as  well  as  from  what  has  been  here  said,  that  his  tact  and 
ability  in  conducting  a  newspaper  were  much  feared,  and  that 
his  press  had  more  influence  over  the  public  mind  than  any 


ROBBINS.  -  ROBERTS. 


219 


/'iirf- 


in 


other  in  the  Roynl  interest  in  the  country.  He  died  in  1802, 
ag^d  seventy-eight  years.  His  son,  John,  a  Lieutenant  in  tlio 
Eighty-third  Regiment,  died  in  England  in  IHOO. 

RonniNS,  Joseph.  A  native  of  l*lymouth,  Massaelinsetts. 
He  died  at  Chebogue,  Nova  Scotia,  in  18:59,  aged  eiglity-two. 
His  descendants  at  the  time  of  his  decease  were  two  huncU'ed 
and  two  ;  namely,  thirteen  children,  ninety  grandchildren, 
and  ninety-nine  great-grandchildren. 

RoiiKHTS,  John.  Of  the  county  of  Philadelphia.  He 
joined  the  Royal  forces  when  Sir  William  Howe  took  pos- 
session of  Philadelpliia,  and  was  tried  for  his  life  in  1778. 
Thomas  McKean,  a  signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Indepen- 
dence, and  at  that  time  Chief  Justice  of  Pennsylvania,  pre- 
sided at  tlie  trial.  Roberts's  ott'encc  was  legally  and  satis- 
factorily |)rovcd,  and  he  suffered  as  a  traitor  to  his  country. 
After  sentence  of  death,  several  hundred  citizens  of  Philadel- 
phia, and  of  other  parts  of  the  State,  presented  memorials  to 
tlie  Council,  praying  for  pardon  or  resj»ite  ;  but  without  effect. 
Some  WlihiH  thought  his  execution  was  a  judicial  murder. 

Isaac  Ogden,  a  Loyalist,  in  1778  wrote  to  Galloway  that 
"  Roberts's  wife,  with  ten  children,  went  to  Congress,  threw 
themselves  on  their  knees  and  supplicated  mercy,  but  in 
vain.  His  behavior  at  the  gallows  did  honor  to  human 
nature.  He  told  his  audience  that  his  conscience  acquitted 
him  of  guilt ;  that  he  suffered  for  doing  his  duty  to  his  Sov- 
ereign ;  that  his  blood  would  one  day  be  demanded  at  their 
hands  ;  and  then  turning  to  his  children,  charged  and  ex- 
horted them  to  remember  his  principles,  for  which  he  died, 
and  to  adhere  to  them  while  they  had  breath.  This  is  the 
substance  of  his  speech  ;  after  which  he  suffered  with  the 
resolution  of  a  Roman."  The  year  after  his  death,  his  estate 
was  confiscated  ;  but  in  1792  it  was  restored  to  Jane,  his 
widow. 

RoBKKTS,  Z.vcHARiAH.  Of  Ncw  York.  Died  in. Queen's 
County,  New  Brunswick,  in  1833,  aged  seventy-seven.  Eliz- 
abeth, his  widow,  died  in  the  same  Province,  in  1848,  aged 
eighty-three. 


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220 


ROBERTSON. 


*  i  -Ik-     ■■' 


RonKRTooN,  James.  Was  associated  with  his  brother  Alex- 
ander, who,  like  himself,  was  a  Loyalist,  and  with  John  Trum- 
bull, who  was  a  Whig,  in  the  publication  of  the  "  Norwich 
Packet,"  at  Norwich,  Connecticut.  This  connection,  which 
commenced  in  1778,  ceased  soon  after  the  British  troops  took 
possession  of  New  York,  in  177B,  and  the  Robertsons  went  to 
that  city,  and  printed  the  "  Royal  American  Gazette  "  during 
the  remainder  of  the  war.  After  the  peace,  both  James  and 
Alexander  published  a  paper  at  Slielburne,  Nova  Scotia  ;  hut 
Alexander  soon  died.  James  removed  to  Scotland,  where  he 
was  alive  in  1810,  and  engaged  in  printing  and  bookselling  at 
Edinburgh. 

RoiiKRTsoN,  Alexander,  Jr.  Of  Pennsylvania.  In  the 
military  service  of  the  Crown.  At  the  jioace,  accompanied  by 
his  family  of  four  persons,  and  by  six  servants,  he  went  from 
New  York  to  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  where  the  Crown 
granted  him  fifty  acres  of  land,  one  town,  and  one  water  lot. 
His  losses  in  consequence  of  his  loyalty  were  estimated  at 
^£2000.  In  1834  he  fell  through  the  ice,  at  Shelburne,  and 
continued  in  the  water  nearly  an  hour.  Though  he  recovered 
his  speech  and  recollection,  the  shock  was  fatal.  His  age  was 
seventy-nine.  He  was  the  last  of  sixteen  Loyalist  captains 
who  were  original  grantees  of  that  city. 

Robertson,  James.  Of  Georgia.  At  the  Revolutionary 
era  a  Solicitor  in  Chancery.  In  the  effort  to  reestablish  the 
Royal  Government,  in  1770,  he  was  appointed  Attorney- 
General,  a  member  of  the  Council,  a  Commissioner  of  Claims, 
and  of  the  Board  to  take  possession  of  the  negroes  and  other 
property  of  active  Whigs.  Attainted  of  treason,  and  estate 
confiscated.  At  the  peace  he  left  the  country.  He  was  Chief 
Justice  of  the  Virgin  Islanas  many  years,  and  died  at  Tortola, 
in  1818,  aged  sixty-seven. 

Robertson,  William.  Of  New  York.  Went  to  Shel- 
burne, Nova  Scotia,  .and  was  a  merchant  there.  Removed  to 
Barrington,  in  the  same  Province.  He  possessed  a  wonder- 
ful memory,  and  was  consulted  the  country  round.  His  wife 
was  Sarah,  daughter  of  Gabriel  Van  Norden.     His  son  Rob- 


r 
I 

n 


liniijui 


ROBIE ROmXSON. 


221 


crt  is  now  (IHOl)  a  inembur  of  the  IIouso  of  Assembly  of 
Nova  St'otiti. 

RoMii;,  TnoMAfl.  A  merolmnt  of  Marblelieiid,  Massuclm- 
setts.  lie  went  Hrst  to  Ilalifiix,  and  tlieiico  to  Kniflaml,  but 
returned  to  the  I'uited  States,  and  died  at  Saleui.  His  son, 
Sanuiel  Hradstreet  Itobie,  of  Halifax,  was  appointed  Solieitor- 
Gcnenil  <S  Nova  Scotia  in  IHI")  ;  Spi-aker  of  the  House  of 
Assembly  in  1817,  18111,  and  iSiiO;  nK"ml)ei-  of  tiie  Council 
in  1824;  and  Master  of  the  Rolls  in  182');  and  died  at  that 
city  January,  1S')S,  iu  his  ei<^hty-ei<^lith  year. 

KoHlNsoN,  liKVKKi.KV.     Of  New  York.     He  was  a  son  of 
the  Hon.  John   Itobinson,  of  Virginia,  who  was  President  of 
that  Colony  on  the  retirement  of  (Jovernor  Gooch.     He  emi- 
grated to  New  York,  and  married  Susamia,  dauo;hter  of  Fred- 
erick Phillips,  who  owned  an  immense  landed  estate  on  the 
Hudson   River.      JJy  this  coniu'ction   Mr.  Robinson   became 
rich.     When  the   Revolutionary  controversy  commenced,  he 
was  living  u[)on  that  portion  of  the  Phillips  estate  which  had 
been  given  to  his  wife,  and  there  ho  tlesired  to  remain  in  the 
quiet  enjoyment  of  country  life,  and  in  the  management  of  his 
large  domain.     That  such  was  his  iiu'lination,  is  asserted  by 
the  late  P<'esident  Dwight,  and  is  fully  contirmed  by  circum- 
stances, a  d   by  his  descendants.      He   was  opposed   to  the 
measures  of  the  Ministry,  gave  up  the  use  of  imported  nier- 
chandiso,  and  clothed  himself  and  his  family  in  fabrics  of  domes- 
tic manufacture.     But  he  was  also  opposed  to  the  separation  of 
the  Colonies  froii  the  mother  country.      Still,  he  wished  to 
take   no  part   in    the  conflict  of  arms.     The  importunity  of 
frie-ids  overruled  his  own  judgment,  and  he  entered  the  mili- 
tary service  of  the  Crown,     His  standing  entitled  him  to  high 
rank.     Of  the  Loyal  American  Regiment,  raised  principally 
in  New  York,  by  himself,  he  was  accordingly  conmiissioned 
the  Colonel.     He  also  commanded  the  corps  called  the  Guides 
and  Pioneers.     Of  the  former,  or  the  Loyal  Americans,  his 
son   Beverley  was  Lieutenant-Colonel,  and  Thomas  Barclay 
Major.     Besides  his  active  duty  in  the  field,  Colonel  Robin- 
son was  employed  to  conduct  several  matters  of  consequence  ; 

19* 


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222 


ROniNSON. 


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and  he  fifiuros  coiispiononsly  in  cases  of  clefcction  tVoin  the 
Whiji  cause.  In  the  real  or  supposed  ])Ian  of  the  Whij^  lead- 
ers of  Vermont,  to  return  to  their  allegiance,  or  to  fonn  some 
other  and  hardly  less  objectionable  alliance  with  officers  of  the 
Crown,  ho  was  consulted,  and  opened  a  correspondence.  In 
the  treason  of  Arnold,  his  name  and  acts  occur  continually ; 
and  it  is  supposed  that  he  was  ac(|uainted  with  the  traitor's 
purpose  before  it  was  known  to  Sir  Henry  Clinton,  or  any 
other  perscm.  And  it  appears  certain  that  Arnold  addressed 
him  a  letter  on  the  subject  of  going  over  to  the  Royal  side, 
before  soliciting  the  command  of  West  Point.  As  the  plot 
mattirod,  he  accompanied  Andr(^  to  Dobbs's  Ferry  to  meet 
Arnold,  according  to  a  previous  arrangement ;  but  an  acci- 
dent prevented  an  interview,  and  both  returned  to  New  York. 
Subse(juently  he  went  up  the  Hudson  in  tiie  Vnlture^  for  the 
purpose  of  furthering  the  objects  in  view ;  but  failed  in  his 
most  material  designs.  Arnold  now  sent  Smith  on  board  of 
the  Vulture  with  a  letter,  which  was  delivered  to  Colonel  Rob- 
inson, and  on  the  faith  of  which  Andrd  went  on  shore.  The 
treacherous  Whig  had  been  expected  on  board  of  the  shij)  in 
person,  and  it  has  been  said  that  Robinson  was  much  opposed 
to  Andre's  trusting  himself  to  the  honor  "  of  a  man  who  was 
seeking  to  betray  his  country."  But  the  zealous  yoUng  officer 
would  not  listen  to  the  prudent  counsel,  and  determined  to 
embark  u})on  the  duty  from  which  he  never  returned.  That 
unfortunate  gentleman  was  captured  on  the  23d  of  Se})tember, 
17H0,  and  on  the  26th  was  conveyed  a  prisoner  to  Colonel 
Robinson's  own  house,  which,  with  the  lands  adjacent,  had 
been  confiscated  by  the  State,  which  Arnold  had  occupied  as 
his  head-cjuarters,  and  of  which  Washington  was  then  a  tempo- 
rary occupant.  After  Andre's  trial  and  conviction,  Sir  Henry 
Clinton  sent  three  Commissioners  to  the  Whig  camp,  in  the 
hope  of  producing  a  change  in  the  determination  of  Washing- 
ton, and  of  showing  Andre's  innocence ;  to  this  mission  Rob- 
inson was  attached  in  the  character  of  a  witness.  He  had 
previously  addressed  the  Commander-in-Chief  on  the  subject 
of  Andre's  release  ;  and,  as  he  and  Washington  had  been  per- 


ROBINSON. 


228 


sonal  friciuls  until  political  ovent-^  li;ul  prorlucod  a  separation, 
lie  took  occasion  to  speak  of  their  toriner  acquaintance  in  his 
letter. 

Colonel  Ilobinson,  at  the  jjcace,  with  a  part  of  his  family, 
went  to  England.  His  name  appears  as  a  inemher  of  the  first 
Council  of  New  Brunswick,  but  he  never  took  his  seat  at  tho 
lioard.  His  wife  is  included  in  the  Confiscation  Act  of  New 
York,  and  the  whole  estate  derived  from  her  fiither  passed 
from  the  family.  The  value  of  her  interest  may  be  estimated 
from  the  fact,  that  the  British  Govermnent  granted  her  hus- 
band the  sum  of  jE  17,000  sterling,  which,  though  e(pial  to 
eighty  thousand  dollars,  was  considered  only  a  partial  compen- 
sation. After  going  to  England,  Colonel  Ilobii'.oi.n  lived  in  re- 
tirement. He  was  unhappy ;  and  did  not  conceal  the  suffer- 
ings which  i>reyed  upon  his  spirits.  Ho  resided  at  Thornliury, 
near  Bath,  and  there  closed  his  days,  in  171>2,  aged  seventy. 
Susanna,  his  wife,  died  at  the  same  |)lace,  in  1H22,  at  the  age 
of  ninety-four.  His  eldest  daughter,  Susan  Maria,  died  in 
England,  in  1888,  aged  seventy-two.  His  daughter  Joanna, 
widow  of  the  Rev.  H.  Slade,  Vicar  of  Thornbury,  died  at  tho 
house  of  her  brother.  Sir  William  Henry  Robinson,  ('helten- 
hani,  in  1882.  Tho  Robinson  House,  which  was  his  resi- 
dence on  tho  Hudson,  and  which  has  become  of  historical 
interest,  is  still  standing.  It  is  situated  within  two  or  three 
miles  of  West  Point,  and  on  the  opposite,  or  eastern,  side  of 
the  river.  It  is  (1847)  the  property  of  Richard  D.  Arden. 
The  interior  remains  much  as  it  was  when  its  original  posses- 
sors, and  Washington,  Arnold,  and  Andre  were  its  permanent 
or  temporary  occupants.  The  rooms  are  low,  the  timbers  are 
large,  and  many  of  them  are  uncovered  ;  and  the  fireplaces 
are  ornamented  with  polished  tiles.  In  the  chamber  which 
was  used  by  Mrs.  Arnold,  nothing  has  been  changed  ;  and 
over  the  mantel  and  in  the  wood-work  are  carved  the  words, 
"G.  Wallis,  Lieut.  VI.  Mass.  Regt." 

Colonel  Robinson's  descendants  in  New  Brunswick  pos- 
sess some  relics  of  the  olden  time,  not  destitute  of  interest. 
Among  them  is  a  silver  tea-urn,  of  rich  and  massive  work- 


11 


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22-4 


ROBINSON. 


mansliij),  and  of  considerable  value,  wliich  was  the  present  ot 
an  English  gentleman,  who  was  the  Colonel's  gnest  in  New 
York  before  the  Revolution.  This  lu'n,  according  to  the 
fiunily  account,  was  the  first  artic'  i  of  the  kind  in  use  in 
America.  Prince  William  Henry,  who  was  afterwards  King 
William  the  Fourth,  enjoyed  Colonel  Robinson's  hospitality 
in  New  York  at  a  later  day,  and  the  circumstance  may  have 
contributed  something  to  the  advancement  of  the  family. 
The  Rnbinsons  were  unquestionably  inunediate  sufferers 
from  the  events  which  drove  them  into  exile.  Towards  the 
Loyalists,  the  British  Government  evinced  much  liberality, 
and,  if  viewed  as  a  body,  the  comjjensation  which  they  re- 
ceived, i>robably,  fully  covered  their  losses.  The  aggregate 
of  the  money  grants,  it  cannot  be  mentioned  too  often,  was 
but  little  short  of  sixteen  millions  of  dollars  ;  while  large 
tracts  of  lands,  pensions,  halt-pay,  and  offices  with  handsome 
salaries,  and  held  upon  a  life-tenure,  were  freely  bestowed. 
Yet  individuals  who  possessed  estates  of  unfixed  or  prosj)ec- 
tive  value,  or  who  were  unable  to  exhibit  sufficient  proof  of 
their  claims,  wore  losers.  Hut,  on  the  other  hand,  the  Loyal- 
ists who  owed  as  much  as  the  projjcrty  which  they  had  in 
j)Ossession  was  worth,  and  yet  claimed  and  received  of  the 
Government  precisely  as   though    they  owed   nothing,  were 


gamers. 


The  family  of  wliich  we  are  speaking  belonged  to  the  class 
first  mentioned.  But  in  considering  the  present  value  of  Mrs. 
Robinson's  portion  of  the  Phillips  Manor,  it  ought  not  to  be 
overlooked  that  no  inconsiderable  part  of  it  arises  from  the 
success  of  the  Whigs  of  the  Revolution,  and  the  turn  of  the 
very  events  which  its  original  proprietors  resisted.  The  Rebels 
of  177(3  made  New  York  an  independent,  —  nay,  more,  —  the 
Empire  State.  Had  the  *^old  familien^^  continued  their  rule; 
had  the  thirteen  Colonies  continued  dependent  ;  had  the  re- 
sources of  the  American  continent  been  developed  only  as  the 
mother  country  permitted  ;  had  population,  wealth,  the  facil- 
ities for  transportation,  manufactures,  and  commerce  increased 
only  as  in  Colonial  possessions  they  ever  have,  and  still  do,  — 


ROBINSON. 


225 


■ 


how  much  would  three  quarters  of  a  century  of  mere  time,  of 
additional  years  of  Colonial  vassalage,  have  added  to  the  value 
of  the  Manor  ?  The  descendants  of  the  Loyalists,  then,  in 
estimating  the  worth  of  the  estates  of  their  fathers,  which 
passed  under  the  Confiscation  Acts,  are  to  be  precluded  from 
every  benefit  derived  from  the  glorious  issue  of  the  rebellion  ; 
and  they  are  to  be  confined  in  their  computations  to  tlie  act- 
ual value  of  wilderness  lands  at  the  time,  adding  the  probable 
increase  since,  had  the  British  Empire  not  been  dismembered 
in  1783.  It  is  admitted,  however,  that  Colonel  Robinson  was 
not  amply  compensated  in  money  by  the  Government  for 
which  he  sacrificed  fortune,  home,  and  his  native  land.  But 
from  the  account  which  follows,  of  the  distinction  attained  by 
his  children  and  grandchildren,  it  will  be  seen,  that,  though 
deprived  of  their  inheritance,  they  have  not  been  without  other 
and  substantial  recompense. 

RoBiNaoN,  Bevkrley.  Son  of  the  senior  Beverley  Robin- 
son, and  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  the  Loyal  American  Regiment 
commanded  by  his  father.  Was  a  graduate  of  Columbia  Col- 
lege, New  York,  and  at  the  beginning  of  the  Revolutionary 
troubles  was  a  student  of  law  in  the  office  of  James  Duane. 
His  wife,  Nancy,  whom  he  married  during  the  war,  was 
the  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Henry  Barclay,  Rector  of  Trinity 
Church,  New  York,  and  sister  of  Colonel  Thomas  Barclay, 
who  is  noticed  in  these  pages.  At  the  evacuation  of  New 
York,  Lieutenant-Colonel  Robinson  was  placed  at  the  head 
of  a  large  number  of  Loyalists  who  embarked  for  Shelburne, 
Nova  Scotia,  and  who  laid  out  that  place  in  a  very  handsome 
and  judicious  manner,  in  the  hope  of  its  becoming  a  town  of 
consequence  and  business.  The  harbor  of  Shelburne  is  reputed 
to  be  one  of  the  best  in  North  America,  but  though  the  popu- 
lation rapidly  rose  to  about  twelve  thousand  persons,  the  ex- 
pectations of  the  projectors  of  the  enterprise  were  not  realized, 
and  many  abandoned  Shelburne  for  other  parts  of  British 
America.  Robinson  went  to  New  Brunswick,  and  resided 
principally  at  and  near  the  city  of  St.  John.  His  depriva- 
tions and  sufferings,  for  a  considerable  time  after  leaving  New 


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ROBINSON. 


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York,  were  great ;  these  were  finally  relieved  by  tlic  receipt  of 
half-pay  as  an  officer  in  the  service  of  the  Crown.  In  New 
Brunswick  he  was  a  member  of  the  Council,  and  at  the  period 
of  the  French  Revolution,  and  on  the  occurrence  of  war  be- 
tween England  and  France,  was  entrusted  with  the  command 
of  the  regiment  I'aised  in  that  Colony. 

He  died  in  1816,  at  New  York,  while  on  a  visit  to  two  of 
his  sons  who  continued  residents  of  that  city.  His  wife  died 
at  Bishop  Burton,  near  Beverley,  England,  in  1814,  aged 
seventy-nine.  He  possessed  great  energy,  and  his  exertions 
and  influence  were  sensiblv  felt  in  settlini;  and  advancini;;  tlie 
commercial  emporium  of  New  Brunswick.  In  the  Confisca- 
tion Act  of  New  York,  by  which  his  estate  was  forfeited  and 
he  was  attainted  and  banished,  he  is  st^'led  "  Beverley  Robin- 
son the  younger."  Colonel  Robinson  left  six  children  :  his 
son  Beverley,  of  the  city  of  New  York  ;  Morris,  also  at  New 
York,  was  Cashier  of  the  Branch  of  the  United  States  Bank, 
and  President  of  the  Life  Insurance  Company ;  a  daughter 
was  wife  of  the  late  Alexander  Slidell  jMcKenzie,  of  the 
United  States  Navy  ;  Frederick  Phillips  is  (1848)  Auditor- 
General  of  New  Brunswick,  and  lives  at  Fredericton  ;  John  is 
(1848)  a  Lieutenant  in  the  British  Army,  enjoys  half-pay, 
and  lives  near  Fredericton  ;  William  Henry,  a  retireil  Major 
in  the  British  Army,  and  a  member  of  the  Legislative  Coun- 
cil, died  near  Fredericton,  in  1848,  aged  fifty-four;  Susan,  the 
remaining  child,  married  George  Lee,  a  half-pay  officer  of  the 
British  Army. 

RoHiNSor:,  John.  Of  New  York.  Son  of  the  senior 
Beverlev  Robinson.  Durijig  the  Revolution  he  vas  a  Lieu- 
tenant  in  the  Loyal  American  Regiment,  commanded  by  his 
father,  and  when  the  corj)s  was  disbanded  he  settled  in  Now 
Brunswick,  and  received  halt-pay.  He  embarked,  and  suc- 
cessfully, in  commei'cial  pursuits,  and  held  distinguished  public 
stations.  He  was  Deputy  Paymaster-General  of  his  Majesty's 
forces  in  the  Colony,  a  member  of  the  Council,  Treasurer  of 
New  lirunswick.  Mayor  of  St.  John,  and  President  of  the 
first  bank  chartei'ed  in  that  city  and  in  the  Colony.     He  died 


ilUi 


ROBINSON. 


227 


at  St.  John,  in  1828,  aged  sixty-soven.  Elizabeth,  his  wife, 
and  daughter  of  tlio  Hon.  George  D.  Ludlow,  Cliief  Justice 
of  Now  Brunswick,  died  in  the  south  of  France,  while  there 
for  the  benefit  of  her  health.  His  daughter,  Frances  Maria, 
wife  of  Colonel  Joshua  Wilson,  of  Roseville,  near  Wexford, 
Ireland,  died  at  Bath,  England,  in  1837,  at  the  age  of  forty- 
two.  Five  sons  survive  (184G)  :  William  Henry  is  Deputy 
Commissary-General  in  the  British  Army  ;  Beverley  is  Treas- 
urer of  New  Brunswick  ;  George  Duncan  is  Lieutenant-Col- 
onel of  St.  John  City  Light  Infantry,  and  was  lately  a  member 
of  the  House  of  Assembly  ;  Daniel  Ludlow  is  a  Barrister-at- 
law,  and  Registrar  of  the  Court  of  Chancery  ;  and  John  Mor- 
ris is  a  Barrister-at-law,  Registrar  of  the  Court  of  Vice-Ad- 
miralty, and  a  Master  in  Chancery. 

RowNSON,  Sir  Frkdkrick  Philmps,  G.  C.  B.     Of  New 
York.     Son  of  the  senior  Beverley  Robinson.     He  entered 
the  King's  service  September  11,  1778,  and  at  the  })eace  re- 
tired to  England  with  his  father.     He  was  continued  in  the 
British  Army,  and  became  a  Lieutenant-General,  and  received 
the  honor  of  knijihthood.      He  was  with  the  Duke  of  Wei- 
lington,  and   saw  much   hard  duty.     At  the  storming  of  St. 
Sebastian  he  was  dangerously  wounded.     He  was  in  the  battles 
of  Vittoria,  Nive,  Authes,  and  Toulouse.     During  the  war  of 
1812  he  came  to  America,  and  was  employed  in  Canada.     He 
commanded  the  British  force  in  the   attack  on  l*lattsburgh, 
under  Prevost,  and  jjvotested  against  the  order  of  his  superior, 
when   directed   to  retire,   because,  from  the   position   of  his 
troops,  he  was  of  the  opinion  that  his  loss  of  men  would  be 
greater  in  a  retreat  than  in   an  advance  upon  the  American 
works.     After  the  conclusion  of  hostilities   he  embarked  at 
New  York  for  England.     On  his  journey  from  Canada  he 
stopped  at  the  Highlands,  to  visit  the  place  of  his  birth  and  the 
scenes  of  his  youth.     A  nephew  relates  that  "  he  wept  like  a 
child,''  as  he  saw  and  recollected  the  spots  and  objects  once 
fiimiliar  to  him.     Sir  Frederick's  seat  was  at  Brighton,  Eng- 
land.    He  died  in  1851,  aged  eighty-eight,  and  was  the  last 
of  his  father's  children.     His  daughter^  Maria  Susanna,  mar- 


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ried  Hamilton  Charles  James  Hamilton,  her  Majesty's  Minis- 
ter to  Rio  Janeiro. 

Robinson,  Sir  William  Henry,  K.  C.  H.  Of  New  York. 
Son  of  the  senior  Beverley  Robinson.  He  accompanied  liis 
father  to  England,  and  was  appointed  to  a  place  in  the  Commis- 
sariat Department  of  the  British  Army,  of  which,  at  his  de- 
cease, he  was  the  head.  For  his  long  and  faithful  services  he 
received  the  honor  of  knighthood.  He  was  the  youngest  son. 
He  died  at  Bath,  England,  in  1830,  aged  seventy.  Lady 
Robinson,  who  was  Catharine,  daughter  of  CortLmdt  Skinner, 
Attorney -General  of  New  Jprsey,  died  at  Wisthorpe  House, 
Marlow,  England,  in  1843,  aged  seventy-five.  Sir  William 
was  named  for  his  Majesty  William  the  Fourth.  Three 
children  of  Sir  William  survive  (1847)  :  his  son,  William 
Henry,  a  Captain  in  the  Seventy-second  Regiment  of  the 
British  Army ;  Catharine  Beverley,  wife  of  Major-General 
Smelt,  of  the  British  Army  ;  Elizabeth,  wife  of  William 
Henry  Robinson  (her  cousin).  Deputy  Commissary-General 
in  the  British  Army,  and  son  of  the  Hon.  John  Robin- 
son. 

Robinson,  Morris.  Of  New  York.  Son  of  the  senior 
Beverley  Ru^inson.  He  accepted  a  commission  under  the 
Crown,  and  was  a  Captain  i)\  the  Queen's  Rangers.  When 
that  corps  was  disbanded  at  the  peace,  most  of  the  officers 
w^ere  dismissed  from  service,  and  many  of  them  —  as  is  seen 
in  these  volumes  —  settled  in  New  Brunswick.  Btit  Ccptain 
Robinson,  participating  in  the  good  fortune  of  his  family,  was 
continued  in  commission.  At  the  time  of  his  decease  he  was 
a  Lieutenant-Colonel,  and  Assistant  Barrack-master-General, 
in  the  British  Army.  ^le  died  at  Gibraltar,  in  1815,  aged 
fifty-six.  His  wife  was  a  sister  of  Cantain  Waring,  of  the 
British  Navy.  His  ''"ughter,  Margaret  Ann,  wife  of  Rev.  J. 
Cross,  died  at  Thornbury,  England,  in  1837,  at  the  age  of 
forty-three.  His  son  Beverley  is  (1847)  a  Captain  in  the  Royal 
Artillery,  and  resides  at  Ross,  Herefordshire.  Frederick,  a 
Captain  in  the  British  Army,  died  at  Plymouth,  England,  in 
1847,  aged  fort;'-eight.     John  De  Lancey,  a  Lieutenant  in  the 


!t 

1   ■    1 

i 

ROBINSON. 


229 


Royal  Navy,  on  half-pay.  Oliver  De  Lancey,  his  remaining 
son,  Major  in  the  Queen's  Regiment.  His  daughters,  Susan 
and  Joanna,  reside  (1847)  in  New  Brunswick.  The  first 
married  the  Hon.  Robert  Parker,  a  Judge  of  the  Supreme 
Court;  and  the  latter,  Robert  F.  Haz(;n,  Esq.,  Barrister-at- 
law,  Master  in  Chancery,  and  formei*ly  Mayor  of  St.  John, 
and  died  at  that  city,  in  1853,  aged  forty-eight. 

Robinson,  Christopher.  Of  Virginia.  Kinsman  of 
Beverley.  Entered  William  and  Mary  College  with  his  cous- 
in Robert ;  escaped  with  him  to  New  York,  and  received  a 
commission  in  the  Loyal  American  Regiment.  Served  at  the 
South,  and  was  wounded.  At  the  peace  he  went  to  Nova 
Scotia,  and  received  a  grant  of  land  at  Wilmot.  He  soon 
removed  to  Canada,  where  Govjrnor  Simcoe  gave  liini  the 
appointment  of  Deputy  Surveyor-General  of  Crown  lands. 
His  sal&ry,  half-pay,  and  an  estate  of  two  thousand  acres 
placed  him  in  circumstances  of  comfort.  Ho  was  the  father 
of  several  children,  some  of  whom  were  educated  in  the 
mother-country.  He  died  in  Canada.  His  widow,  Esther, 
daughter  of  Rev.  John  Sayre,  of  New  Brunswick,  deceased 
in  1827.  His  son,  Beverley  Robinson,  who  was  born  in 
1791,  was  appointed  Attorney-General  of  Upper  Canada  in 
1818  ;  Chief  Justice  in  1829  ;  created  a  Baronet  in  1854 ; 
and  died  in  1863. 

Robinson,  Robkrt.  Of  Virginia.  Kinsman  of  Beverley. 
Entered  William  and  Mary  College  with  the  intention  of  be- 
coming a  minister  of  tlie  Episcopal  Church.  To  avoid  com- 
pulsory service  in  the  Whig  militia,  he  fled  to  a  British  frigate 
and  was  landed  at  New  York,  where  his  relative  gave  him  a 
commission  in  the  Loyal  American  Regiment.  He  served  at 
the  South,  and  received  several  wounds.  In  1783  he  retired 
to  Nova  Scotia,  and  lived  at  different  periods  at  Wilmot, 
Granville,  and  Digby.  He  died  at  the  latter  place  in  1814, 
aged  sixty-four.  His  wife,  who  bore  him  nine  children,  was 
Deborah,  daughter  of  Elisha  Budd.  One  son,  John  Robin- 
son, of  Digby,  and  three  daughters,  are  now  (1861)  living. 

Robinson,  John.     Of  Boston.     Commissioner  of  the  Cus- 

VOL.  II.  20 


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ROBINSON. 


toms.  Collector  of  the  Customs,  Newport,  Rhode  Island,  in 
1705.  During  the  popular  tumults  there  of  that  year,  he 
feared  for  his  life,  closed  his  office,  and  fled  to  the  Cygnet 
sloop-of-war.  He  addressad  the  Governor  from  that  ship, 
demanding  protection,  and  refusing  to  resume  his  duties  until 
safety  to  his  person  was  promised.  In  1767  he  was  prosecuted 
in  the  Courts  of  Rhode  Island,  to  the  displeasure  of  the  Brit- 
ish Ministry.  He  was  transferred  to  Boston  on  the  creation 
of  the  Board  of  Commissioners.  [See  notice  of  his  fiither-in- 
law,  James  Boutineau.^  Mr.  Robinson  sailed  for  England, 
March  10,  1770,  with  an  account  of  the  affair  of  blood  in 
King  (now  State)  Street,  eleven  days  previously ;  and  his 
statements  to  ministers  and  members  of  Parliament  did  much 
to  increase  the  excitement  against  Boston.  He  returned  ;  but 
again  went  to  England,  and  died  there  previous  to  November, 
1783. 

Robinson,  Matthew.  Of  South  Kingston,  Rhode  Island. 
Only  son  of  Robert  Robinson,  an  officer  of  the  Customs  in 
Newport,  was  born  in  1709.  He  stidied  law  in  Boston,  and 
commenced  practice  about  the  year  1735  at  Newport.  In 
1750  he  removed  to  Narragansett,  and  purchased  a  large 
estate.  He  was  a  good  lawyer  and  a  learned  man.  His 
library  was  large  and  select.  Though  opposed  to  the  Revolu- 
tion, he  remained  ([uiet.  After  the  peace,  he  paid  respect  to 
the  new  order  of  things,  and  became,  indeed,  "  a  warm  friend 
of  the  Constitution."  "  His  house  was  the  seat  of  hospital- 
ity,'' and  persons  of  culture  "  were  always  welcome  guests." 
His  wife  was  Barsheba  Johnson,  who  died  soon  after  the  year 
1750.  His  own  death  occurred  at  South  Kingston,  in  1795, 
at  the  age  of  eighty-six.  He  was  childless ;  but  his  wife's  son, 
Augustus  Johnson,  for  whom  he  was  a  surety  and  by  whom  he 
was  a  pecuniary  loser,  was  Attorney-General  of  Rhode  Island. 
RouiNSoN,  John.  Went  fiom  some  part  of  New  England 
to  St.  Andrew,  New  Brunswick,  at  the  close  of  the  war,  and 
was  one  of  the  first  settlers  of  that  town.  He  died  there  in 
1807,  aged  fifty-three.  Lydia,  his  widow,  died  at  the  same 
place  in  1820,  aged  fifty-five. 


1 :  ;■ 


ROBINSON.  —  ROCHFORD. 


281 


RoniNsoN,  John.  A  grantee  of  St.  Jolin,  1783  ;  di'-jcl  at 
Portland,  New  Brunswick,  1839,  aged  ninety-one. 

Robinson,  Thomas.  Of  Sussex  on  Delaware.  In  July, 
177.5,  tl'c  Sussex  County  Committee  took  him  in  hand  for  his 
acts  and  words,  and  unanimously  declared  that  he  was  "  an 
enemy  to  his  country,  and  a  contumacious  opposer  of  liberty 
and  the  natural  rights  of  mankind."  His  oft'ences  were  va- 
rious. Peter  Watson  swore  tliat  "  being  at  Robinson's  store, 
he  saw  his  clerk,  John  Gozlin,  weigh  and  sell  two  small  par- 
cels of  bohea-tea,  one  of  which  he  delivei'cd  to  a  girl,  and  the 
other  to  Leatherberry  Barker's  wife."  Robert  Butcher  testi- 
fied that  Robinson  said  to  him,  the  Whig  Committees  "  were 
a  pack  of  fools  for  taking  up  arms  against  the  King,  that  our 
ch:«rters  were  not  annihilated,  changed,  or  altered  by  the  late 
Acts  of  Parliament,"  &c.  Nathaniel  Mitchell  testified  that 
Robinson  had  declared  to  him,  "  the  present  Congress  were 
an  unconstitutional  body  of  men,  and  also,  tliat  the  great  men 
were  pushing  on  the  common  people  between  them  and  all 
danger."  After  hearing  this  evidence,  the  Committee  sum- 
moned Robinson  to  appear  before  them  to  answer  ;  but  he  re- 
turned word  that  "  he  desired  his  compliments  to  the  gentle- 
men of  the  Committee,  and  to  acquaint  thom  that  he  did  not, 
nor  could  not,  think  of  coming  before  them,  unless  he  could 
bring  forty  or  fifty  armed  men  with  him."  These  "  compli- 
ments "  were  voted  "  to  be  insulting  and  injurious,"  and  a 
Resolution  pronouncing  his  defection  from  the  Whig  cause 
followed.  In  1778  he  was  ordered  to  surrender  himself  for 
trial,  or  stand  attainted  of  treason. 

RocHFORD,  Thomas.  Innkeeper,  of  Jamaica,  New  York. 
In  May,  1778,  he  informed  "  the  gentlemen  of  the  Army  and 
Navy,  and  inhabitants  of  New  York,  that  they  can  have  break- 
fasts and  diiniers  at  the  shortest  notice,"  and  that  he  "  had 
laid  in  an  assortment  of  liquors  of  the  best  quality."  In  July, 
1779,  lie  advertised  that  he  had  removed  to  the  Queen's  Head, 
and  was  "  grateful  to  the  gentlemen  of  the  Army  and  Navy  ;  " 
while  in  October  of  that  year  it  was  announced  that  tickets 
for  the  Accession  Ball  were  to  be  had  at  his  huise.     In  1781 


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232 


ROGERS. 


he  removed  a  second  time,  and  begged  to  inform  "  the  ladies 
and  gentlemen  that  at  his  new  quarters  he  has  an  elegant 
garden,  with  arbors,  bowers,  alcoves,  grottos,  naiads,  dryads, 
hamadryads."  These  trifling  incidents  show  that,  though  a 
civil  war  was  raging,  men  and  women  were  not  v.'holly  inat- 
tentive to  matters  that  gratified  the  appetite,  the  eye,  and  the 
taste. 

Rogers,  Rev.  Daniel.  Of  Littleton,  Massachusetts.  Con- 
gregational Minister.  Son  of  Daniel  Rogers,  physician,  who 
perished  on  Hampton  Beach  in  1722,  or  early  in  the  year  fol- 
lowing. The  subject  of  this  brief  notice  graduated  at  Harvard 
University  in  1725.  In  the  Revolution  he  adhered  to  the 
Royal  side,  though  with  moderation  and  prudence  — praying 
neither  for  the  King  nor  the  Congress.  But  his  house,  which 
is  still  (1847)  standing,  and  occupied  as  the  parsonage,  was 
beset  by  the  multitude,  and  holes  made  by  bullets  which  were 
fired  at  it  are  yet  to  be  seen.  He  died  in  1782,  aged  seventy- 
five.  His  children  were  Jeremiah  Dummer ;  Daniel ;  a  daugh- 
ter, who  married  Abel  Willard,  a  Loyalist  mentioned  in  this 
work ;  a  daughter,  who  married  Samuel  Parkman,  a  gentle- 
man of  great  wealth  of  Boston  ;  and  a  daughter,  who  was  the 
wife  of  the  Rev.  Jonathan  Newell,  of  Stow,  Massachusetts. 
Rogers,  Jp:remiah  Dummer.  Son  of  Daniel  Rogers. 
Graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1762,  and  after  studying 
law,  commenced  practice  in  Littleton.  In  1774  he  was  one 
of  the  barristers  and  attorneys  who  were  Addressers  of  Hutch- 
inson. He  took  refuge  in  Boston,  and,  after  the  battle  of 
Breed's  Hill,  was  appointed  commissary  to  the  Royal  troops 
that  continued  to  occupy  Charlestown,  and  lived  in  a  house 
which  stood  on  the  site  of  the  present  Unitarian  church  in  that 
city,  where  his  grandson  now  ministers.  At  the  evacuation 
of  Boston  in  1776,  he  accompanied  the  Royal  Army  to  Hali- 
fax, and  died  in  that  city  in  1784.^     His  wife  was  a  sister  of 

1  All  persons  indebted  to  the  Estate  of  Jeremiah  Dummer  Rogers, 
Esq. ;  late  of  Halifax,  deceased,  arc  requested  to  make  immediate  payment 
to  the  Administratrix,  Batiisheba  Rogers,  and  all  who  have  demand!>  on 
tpjd  estate  are  desired  to  bring  in  their  claims  to  the  said  Administratrix. 
—Halifax,  February  2,  1784. 


a 


ROGERS. 


233 


tlie  Rev.  Doctor  Peter  Thaclier,  minister  of  Tir.ittle- Street 
Clmrcli,  Boston.  His  cliiklren  were  three  danffliters  and  four 
sons.  The  daugliters,  and  Samuel,  one  of  the  sons,  were  chil- 
dren at  the  time  of  his  decease,  and  returned  to  Boston,  where 
they  were  educated  by  liis  sisters,  tlie  ladies  mentioned  in  the 
notice  of  his  father.  One  daughter  married  the  late  David 
Ellis,  Esq.,  of  Boston,  whose  son,  the  Rev.  George  E.  Ellis, 
D.  D.,  of  Charlestown,  Massachusetts,  is  one  of  the  ablest 
writers  of  the  day  ;  another  married  the  late  Doctor  William 
Spooner,  of  Boston  ;  and  the  third,  the  late  Jonathan  Chap- 
man, of  Boston.  His  sons  John  and  Daniel  died  young. 
His  son  Samuel,  merchant  in  Boston,  deceased  in  1832.  Jere- 
miah Dummer,  the  other  son,  went  to  England,  where  he  was 
educated  by  an  uncle.  He  became  a  classical  tutoi-,  and  Lord 
Byron  was  among  his  piipils.  He  visited  his  relatives  in 
Massachusetts  in  1H24,  and  was  honored  with  a  diploma  from 
the  University  of  which  so  many  of  his  name  and  family  were 
graduates.  He  had  become  so  much  of  an  Englishman  as  to 
feel  strong  ])rejudices  against  the  civil  and  religious  institutions 
of  the  land  of  his  immediate  ancestry.  He  returned  to  Enji- 
land,  and  died  at  Nottingham  in  1832,  where  a  monument 
has  been  erected  to  his  memory. 

RoGKRS,  Israel.  Of  Queen's  County,  New  York.  Charg- 
ed generally,  and  accused  specially  of  abusing  a  Whig  com- 
mittee-man, of  seizing  his  bridle  and  saying  that  he  had  "  a 
good  mind  to  peal  bark  and  hang  him."  Disarmed  and  de- 
clared by  the  Committee,  a  vile  man,  an  enemy  to  his  coun- 
try, and  unwortliy  of  the  least  protection. 

Rogers,  Robert.  Of  New  Hampshire.  He  was  the  son 
of  James  Rogers,  an  early  settler  of  Dunbarton,  N  ew  Hamp- 
shire ;  and,  disposed  to  military  life,  entered  the  service  in  the 
French  war,  and  commanded  Rogers's  Rangers,  a  corps  re- 
nowned for  their  exploits.  After  the  peace  he  returned  to  his 
native  Colony,  and  lived  on  half-pay.  His  subsequent  career 
was  one  of  doubtful  integrity.  In  1766  he  was  appointed 
Governor  of  Michilimackinac  ;  and,  accused  of  a  plot  to 
plunder  his  own  fort  and  join  the  French,  was  sent  to  Mon« 

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ROGERS. 


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treal  in  irons.  In  1760  he  went  to  England,  and  was  y)resented 
to  the  King,  but  was  soon  imprisoned  for  debt.  As  the  Rev- 
olutionary controversy  darkened,  it  was  supposed  that  he  was 
ready  to  side  with  the  Whigs,  or  with  the  adherents  of  the 
Crown,  as  chance  or  circumstances  might  direct.  Towards 
the  close  of  1775,  it  was  rumored  that  he  had  been  in  ('unada, 
hau  accepted  a  commission  under  the  King,  and  had  been 
through  one  of  the  Whig  encampments  in  the  habit  of  an 
Indian  ;  his  course  was  therefore  closely  watched. 

Doctor  Wheelock,  of  Dartmouth  College,  wrote  at  this  pe- 
riod, —  "  the  famous  Major  Rogers  came  to  my  house,  from  a 
tavern  in  the  neighborhood,  where  he  called  for  refreshment. 
1  had  never  before  seen  him.  He  was  in  but  an  ordinary 
habit  for  one  of  his  character.  He  treated  me  with  great  re- 
spect ;  said  lie  came  from  London  in  July,  and  had  spent 
twenty  days  with  the  Congress  in  Philadelphia,  and  1  forget 
liow  many  at  New  York  ;  had  been  offered  and  urged  to  take 
a  commission  in  favor  of  the  Colonies  ;  but,  as  he  was  on  half- 
pay  from  the  Crown,  he  thought  proper  not  to  accept  it ;  that 
he  had  fought  two  battlet.  in  Algiers  under  the  Dey  ;  that 
he  was  now  on  a  design  to  take  care  of  some  large  grants  of 
land  made  to  him  ;  that  he  was  going  to  visit  his  sister  at 
Moor's  Town,  and  then  to  return  by  Merrimac  River  to  visit 
his  wife,  whom  he  had  not  yet  seen  since  his  return  from  Eng- 
land ;  that  he  had  got  a  pass,  or  license  to  travel,  from  the 
Continental  Congress,"  &c. 

Major  Rogers's  account  of  himself  and  his  plans  was  prob- 
ably not  accurate.  He  actually  had  a  pass  from  Congress, 
but  he  had  been  the  prisoner  of  that  body,  and  had  been  re- 
leased on  his  parole,  and  on  signing  a  certificate,  wherein  he 
"  solemnly  promised  and  engaged  on  the  honor  of  a  gentle- 
man and  soldier,  that  he  would  not  bear  arms  against  the 
American  United  Colonies  in  any  manner  whatsoever,  during 
the  American  contest  with  Great  Britain."  He  wrote  to 
Washington  soon  after  leaving  Doctor  Wheelock,  that,  "  I 
love  America  ;  it  is  my  native  country,  and  that  of  my  family, 
and  I  intend  to  spend  the  evening  of  my  days  in  it."     At  this 


ROGERS. 


235 


vory  moment  it  is  possible  tliat  ho  was  a  spy.  In  January, 
1770,  Wasliington  said  :  "  I  am  apt  to  belifve  the  intoliigonee 
given  to  Doctor  W'heelock  respecting  Major  Rogers  [having 
been  in  Canada]  wiii  not  true  ;  but  being  niudi  suspected  of 
unfriendly  views  to  this  country,  his  conduct  should  be  at- 
tended to  with  some  degree  of  vigilance  and  circumspection." 
In  June  of  that  year  the  Commander-in-Chief  wrote  again  : 
"  Upon  information  that  Major  Rogers  was  travelling  through 
tlie  country  under  suspicious  circumstances,  I  thought  it  nec- 
essary to  have  liim  secured.  I  therefore  sent  after  him.  He 
was  taken  at  South  Amboy,  and  brought  to  New  York.  Upon 
examination,  he  informed  me  that  he  came  from  New  Hamp- 
shire, the  country  of  liis  usual  abode,  where  he  had  left  his 
family ;  and  pretended  he  was  destined  to  Philadelphia  on 
business  with  Congress. 

"  As  by  his  own  confession  he  had  crossed  Hudson's  River 
at  New  Windsor,  and  was  :  iken  so  far  out  of  his  proj)er  and 
direct  route  to  Philadelphia,  this  consideration,  added  to  tlie 
length  of  time  lie  had  taken  to  ])erform  his  journey,  his  being 
found  in  so  suspicious  a  place  as  Amboy,  liis  unnecessary  stay 
there  on  pretence  of  getting  some  baggage  from  New  York, 
and  an  expectation  of  receiving  money  from  a  person  here  of 
bad  cliaracter,  and  in  no  circumstances  to  furnish  him  out  of 
his  own  stock,  the  Major's  reputation,  and  his  being  a  half- 
pay  officer,  liave  increased  my  jealousies  about  him.  The 
business,  whicli  ha  informs  me  he  has  with  Congress,  is  a 
secret  offer  of  his  services,  to  the  end  that,  in  case  it  should 
be  rejected,  he  might  have  h's  way  left  open  to  an  employmer4t 
in  the  East  Intlies,  to  which  he  was  assigned  ;  and  in  that  case 
lie  flatters  himself  he  will  obtain  leave  of  Congress  to  go  to 
Great  Britain." 

Washington's  suspicions  at  this  time  were  very  strong,  and 
he  sent  Rogers  to  Congress  under  the  care  of  an  officer  ;  and 
suggested  to  the  President  of  that  body,  "  whether  it  would 
not  be  dangerous  to  accept  the  offer  of  his  services."  If,  after 
arriving  at  Philadelphia,  he  did  as  he  told  the  Commander-in- 
Chief  he  intended  to  do,  his  overtures  were  declined ;  since 


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Con«;;ivss  iliivctod  that  ho  slioitM  return  to  New  IIam|ishire, 
niul  he  (hsposed  of  as  the  I'rovineial  Coii^fress  sliouM  (h'ein 
proper  and  iieeessnry.  Kvery  incident  shows  that  eitlior  ho 
waited  a  hid  from  the  Whi^s,  that  his  sympathies  were  se- 
cretly with  the  ministerial  party,  or  that  from  first  to  last  ho 
played  a  part.  Whichever  conjecture  bo  the  true  one,  ho 
soon  after  openly  joined  the  Royal  side,  and,  notwithstanding 
his  parole  of  honor,  accepted  the  commission  of  Colonel,  and 
raised  a  command  called  the  Queen's  Uan^^i-rs,  a  cor|)s  cele- 
brated throujfhout  the  contest.  To  encoura;;e  enlistments,  ho 
promised  recruits,  in  a  printed  circular,  "  their  proportion  of 
all  Rebel-lands,"  &c.,  a  pled<;e  which  ho  was  never  able  to  ful- 
fil, hut  one  which  may  be  indicative  of  his  own  motives  of 
action.  In  the  fall  of  177(1,  while  with  his  corps  at  an  outpost 
near  Marroneck,  ho  narrowly  escaped  bein^j;  taken  prisoner  by 
a  party  sent  out  by  Lord  Sterlin<i.  Soon  after  this  In;  went 
to  Knjiland,  and  Sinicoe  succeeded  him  us  commander  of  the 
Queen's  Rangers. 

In  1778  ho  was  proscribed  and  banished.  lie  was  wild, 
improvident,  and  extravagant.  His  wife,  Elizabeth,  daughter 
of  Rev.  Arthur  Browne,  obtained  a  divorce,  lie  died  in 
England,  a  victim  to  his  evil  habits,  about  the  bogimiing  of  the 
present  century.  Mrs.  Rogers  deceased  at  Concord,  New 
Ham|)shire,  about  the  year  1812.  Ilis  son,  Arthur,  died  at 
Portsmouth,  Now  Hampshire,  in  1841,  leaving  three  children 
in  San  Domingo  of  respectable  standing.     ■ 

R()(JEKS,  Nathan.  Of  Boston,  and  a  merchant.  His  res- 
idence was  in  King  (now  State)  Street.  In  17»»!>  lie  was 
denounced  at  a  public  meeting,  as  "  one  of  those  who  auda- 
ciously continue  to  counteract  the  united  sentiment  of  the 
body  of  merchants  throughout  North  America  by  importing 
British  goods  contrary  to  the  agreement."  In  1770,  while  in 
New  York,  his  effigy  was  suspended  on  a  gallows  and  burnt. 
"  Ho  ordered  his  carriage  and  secretly  left  town  at  two  o'clock 
next  morning.  He  is  described  as  a  man  about  five  feut  eight 
inches  high,  pretty  corpulent,  round-shouldered,  stoops  a  groat 
deal,  and  generally  appears  in  green  and  gold,  or  pur])le  and 


ROME. 


287 


gold."  Of  the  affiiir  in  New  York,  Licutcnnnt-riovcrnor 
ColcliMi  wrote  the  Earl  of  Ilillshoroiifrh,  May  IG,  1770 : 
"  The  party  in  opposition  to  the  present  Administration  join 
with  the  people  in  Boston  in  nieasnres  to  prevent  importation, 
and  for  that  purpose  stole  late  in  the  night  last  week  a  proces- 
sion of  the  mol)  to  expose  a  Boston  importer,  who  happened 
to  come  to  this  place.  The  maj^istratos  knew  nothing  of  the 
design  till  it  was  too  late,  otherwise  I  believe  it  would  have 
been  prevented,"  &c. 

RoMK,  Gkoiioe.  Of  Newport,  Rhode  Island.  He  was  a 
merchant,  and  carried  on  a  large  business  in  the  whale-fishery. 
A  letter  o("  his  to  Doctor  Moffatt,  in  which  he  indulged  in 
some  severe  remarks  upon  the  political  heresies  of  the  time, 
and  especially  upon  the  manner  of  administering  justice  in  the 
Colonies,  found  its  way  to  England,  and  was  thence  trans- 
mitted by  Franklin  in  1772  to  Massachusetts,  with  several 
letters  of  Hutchinson,  Oliver,  and  others.  I  extract  a  single 
passage. 

After  saying  that  he  had  kept  his  head  out  of  a  fuiltir, 
which  his  correspondent  had  had  the  honor  to  grace,  and  that 
his  "  constituents,  from  a  moderate  calculation,  cannot  lose 
less  than  £r)0,000  sterling  by  the  balefiii  (Kustitution  of  this 
Colony,  and  the  corruption  of  their  courts  of  judicature,"  he 
wrote  —  "  We  have  had  vessels  madv  v)ver  to  us  for  the  satis- 
faction of  debts,  and  after  bills  of  sale  were  executed,  carried 
oft",  in  open  violence  or  force,  by  Captain  Snip  Snap,  of  Mr. 
No  Body's  apj)ointment ;  and  when  we  sued  for  damages  re- 
covered a  louse."  This  letter  was  published  in  the  newspapers, 
and  extensively  circulated  in  Khode  Island,  and  Rome  was 
denounced  in  terms  of  deep  indignation.  At  last,  he  was 
brought  to  the  bar  of  the  Assembly  to  answer  :  the  lesult  was 
imprisonment  in  Kingston  Jail.  In  November,  177;"),  he  was 
in  confinement  at  Providence;  ai.d  the  Whig  Committee 
seized  his  personal  estate. 

At  a  later  time  in  the  war,  he  was  a  contractor  in  the  Royal 
service ;  but  he  went  to  England  previous  to  July,  1779.  In 
1780  his  property  was  confiscated.     At  the  peace  he  was  still 


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288 


RONEY.  -  ROSS, 


abroad,  and  was  appointed  agent  of  the  Rhode  Island  Loyalists 
who  had  suffered  losses,  to  prosecute  their  claims  to  compensa- 
tion. In  1788,  when  the  commissioners  had  completed  their 
duties,  and  Parliament  had  passed  an  Act  to  remunerate  the 
suffei-ers,  he  joined  the  other  agents  in  an  Address  of  thanks 


to  the  King. 


Lieutenant  in  De  Lancey's  First  Battal- 
service  in    Georiiia,   and  wounded    in   a 


rgia, 


RoNEY,  . 

ion.     In    1780   on 

spirited   skirmish   with  a  detachment  from   Pickens's   corps. 

Killed  in  1781,  at  the  siege  of  Ninety-Six. 

RoNALDsoN,  Rev.   .      Of  Georgia.      Pastor  of  a 

church  in  Monaghan.  His  flock  were  part  Whigs,  part 
Loyalists.  In  the  course  of  the  war  his  pastoral  relations 
were  violently  dissolved,  and  himself  made  prisoner. 

Ropes,  Nathaniel.  Of  Salem,  Massachusetts.  Was 
born  in  1727,  graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1745,  and 
died  at  Salem,  March,  1774,  aged  forty-seven  years.  He  was 
representative  to  the  General  Court  ;  a  member  of  the  Coun- 
cil ;  Chief  Justice  of  the  Common  Pleas,  and  Judge  of  Pro- 
bate for  the  county  of  Essex ;  and  a  Judge  of  Superior  Court 
of  Massachusetts.  He  was  a  firm  Loyalist.  The  night  before 
his  death,  his  house  was  attacked  by  the  multitude,  and  the 
windows  and  furniture  were  demolished.  Aside  from  his 
politics,  John  Adams  says  that  he  was  an  amiable  man,  re- 
spectable, and  virtuous. 

Rose,  John.  Of  Charleston,  South  Carolina.  Was  born 
in  England,  and  emigrated  to  South  Carolina  early  in  life. 
At  the  Revolutionary  era,  he  was  in  possession  of  an  ample 
fortune.  An  Addresser  of  Sir  Henry  Clinton,  and  a  Peti- 
tioner to  be  armed  on  the  side  of  the  Crown  ;  he  lost  his  estate 
by  confiscation.  When  Charleston  was  evacuated  by  the 
Royal  Army,  he  I'etired  to  Jamaica.  After  the  peace,  he  re- 
turned to  England.  He  died  in  London,  in  1805,  aged  eighty- 
three,  in  consequence  of  a  fall  in  the  street,  which  broke  his 
thigh.  He  was  more  than  six  feet  high,  and  "  much  of  the 
gentleman  in  his  appearance." 

Ross,  Alexander.     Of  Fort  Pitt,  Pennsylvania.     In  1781 


ROSS.  —  ROUTH. 


239 


Colonel  Brodhead  wrote  the  President  of  the  Council  thus : 
"  I  have  the  pleasure  to  enclose  a  list  of  bonds,  notes,  &c.,  late 
the  property  of  a  Tory,  Ross,  who  was  formerly  an  agent  at  this 
place  to  the  King  of  Britain's  Contractors,  and  deserted  from 
his  parole.  I  am  informed  that  his  estate  is  worth  near  ten 
thousand  pounds  in  specie,  and  that  it  will  enure  to  the  benefit 
of  our  State."    Attainted  of  treason,  and  property  confiscated. 

Ross,  Thomas.  Mariner,  of  Falmouth,  Maine.  Was  pro- 
scribed and  banished  in  1778.  He  settled  on  the  island  of 
Grand  Menan,  Bay  of  Fundy,  where  he  followed  the  sea,  as 
master-mariner.  He  died  in  1804,  while  on  his  passage  home 
from  the  West  Indies.  The  children  who  survived  him  were 
William,  John,  Margaret,  Barbara,  and  Betsey ;  all  of  whom 
ai'e  now  (1844,)  deceased,  excepting  John,  who  resides  at 
Grand  Menan. 

Ross,  FiNi,EY.  Of  New  York.  He  was  a  follower  of  Sir 
John  Johnson  to  Canada  in  177G.  After  the  Revolution,  he 
served  in  Europe,  and  was  at  Minden  and  Jena.  He  settled 
at  Charlotburgh,  Ui)per  Canada,  where  he  died  in  1830,  aged 
ninety. 

Ross, .      Major  in  the  Queen's  Rangers.     Simcoe 

calls  him  a  "  valuable  friend."  He  went  to  the  West  Indies 
under  General  Grant,  as  Brigade-Major,  and  was  killed  at  St. 
Christopher's. 

RouPELL,  Geouoe.  Of  South  Carolina.  Deputy  Post- 
master-General for  the  Southern  Department  of  America. 
In  1775  he  was  confined  to  his  house  bv  order  of  the  Whie: 
leaders,  for  opening  the  mails  on  board  of  a  ship-of-war. 
Went  to  England,  and  was  at  London  in  1779.  He  returned, 
and  died  in  1794,  aged  sixty-seven. 

RouTH,  Richard.  Collector  of  the  Customs  at  Salem, 
Massachusetts.  He  was  an  Addresser  of  (xage,  on  his  arri- 
val, in  1774.  In  1776  he  went  to  Halifax  with  the  British 
Army.  After  quitting  Massachusetts  he  was  Collector  of  the 
Customs,  and  Chief  Justice  of  Newfoundland.  He  died  in 
1801.  Abigail,  his  widow,  died  at  London,  in  1885,  aged 
eighty-four.     His  son,  Randolph  Isham  Routh,  was  a  Com- 


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240 


ROWLAND.  -  ROY  ALL. 


missnry-General  in  the  British  Army  ;  his  son,  H.  L.  Routh, 
a  merchant  in  New  York. 

Rowland,  John  Hamilton.  Of  Pennsylvania.  Episco- 
pal Missionary.  Removed  to  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  and 
resumed  his  ministry. 

RoYALL,  Isaac.  Of  Medford,  Massachusetts.  He  was 
Representative  to  the  General  Court,  and  for  twenty-two 
years  a  member  of  the  Council.  In  17T4  he  was  appointed 
Councillor,  under  the  writ  of  Mandamus  ;  but  was  one  of 
the  twenty-six  who  were  not  sworn  into  office.  He  went  to 
England  in  1776,  and  was  proscribed  and  banished  in  1778. 
J.  B.  Bright,  Esq.,  of  Waltham,  Massachusetts,  has  allowed 
me  to  copy  an  original  letter  in  his  possession,  written  by 
Mr.  Royall,  at  Kensington,  May  29,  1779,  addressed  to  the 
Rev.  Mr.  Cooke,  which  I  use  as  freely  as  my  limits  will 
allow.  He  said :  "  I  have  not  seen  Lord  North,  or  any  of 
the  Ministry ;"...."  nor  have  I  been  able  to  go  either 
to  the  House  of  Lords  or  Commons,  to  hear  the  debates, 
since  I  have  been  in  England."  ....  Again:  "Upon  my 
first  arrival  in  England,  I  thought  it  my  duty  to  wait  upon 
Lord  Dartmouth,  and  accordingly  did  ;  and  likewise  upon 
Lord  North  and  Lord  Germain  ;"...."  but  the  servant 
said  they  were  gone  out  of  town."  ....  Called  a  second  time ; 
"but  was  answered  they  were  engaged ;  so  I  never  attempted 
to  go  afterwards."  .  .  .  .  "  Governor  B ,  and  Gov- 
ernor H came  to  see  mo  soon  after  mv  arrival,  and  I 

returned  their  visit ;  and  soon  after  Govei'nor  II was 


so  complaisant  as  to  invite  me  to  dine  with  liim  ;  but  I  did 
not  go,  and  so  our  acquaintance  soon  broke  off."  Finally,  he 
expresses  a  wish  to  return  to  Medford,  to  marry  again,  and  to 
be  buried  by  the  side  of  his  wife,  his  father  and  mother,  and 
the  rest  of  his  friends.  It  is  pleasantly  said,  that  "  to  carry 
on  his  farm,  after  his  departure,  was  found  to  be  sometimes 
difficult ;  for  the  honest  man's  scythe  refused  to  cut  Tory 
grass,  and  his  oxen  would  not  plough  Toiy  ground."  He 
died  in  England,  October,  1781.  He  bequeathed  upwards  of 
two  thousand  acres  of  land  in  Worcester  County  to  found  the 


ROOKE.  —  ROORBACK. 


241 


'P 


first  Law  Professorship  of  Harvard  University,  and  his  be- 
quests for  other  purposes  were  numerous  and  liberal. 

Brooks,  in  his  "  History  of  Medford,"  relates  that  "  he 
loved  to  give,  and  loved  to  speak  of  it,  and  loved  the  reputa- 
tion of  it.  Hospitality,  too,  was  almost  a  passion  with  him. 
No  house  in  the  Colony  was  more  open  to  friends  ;  no  gen- 
tleman gave  better  dinners,  or  drank  costlier  wines.  As  a 
master,  he  was  kind  to  his  slaves  ;  charitable  to  the  poor,  and 
friendly  to  everybody.  He  kept  a  daily  journal,  minutely 
descriptive  of  every  visitor,  topic,  and  incident,  and  even  de- 
scended to  recording  what  slippers  he  wore,  how  much  tar- 
water  he  drank,  and  when  he  went  to  bed  !  " 

RooKE,  Henry.  Deputy  Inspector-General  of  the  Loyal- 
ist forces. 

RooME,  John  Le  C».  •  jier.  Of  New  York.  Lawyer. 
Confined  in  jail  in  17*^ '"-  n  trouble,  in  1778,  because  he 
had  exacted  fees  for  wnting  passes  to  vessels,  and  advertised 
that  he  would  make  restitution.  Notary-Public  in  1782. 
Petitioner  for  grant  of  lands  in  Nova  Scotia,  July,  1783. 
Sailed  for  England,  October,  the  same  year.  In  a  Loyalist 
tract,  published  in  London  in  1784,  his  conduct  during  the 
war  is  severely  criticized. 

RooRHACK,  Baruent.  Of  New  York.  He  was  educated 
at  a  college,  studied  medicine,  and  at  the  beginning  of  the 
Revolution  was  in  practice.  But  he  abandoned  his  profession,, 
entered  the  service,  and  was  a  Captain  in  De  Lancey's  First 
Battalion.  During  the  war  he  gave  proofs  of  valor,  and  con- 
tinued in  commission  until  the  peace.  After  the  corps  was 
disbanded  he  married,  and  established  his  residence  in  New 
York.  In  1806,  though  he  enjoyed  half-pay,  it  is  understood 
that  his  circumstances  were  needy ;  and  joining  Miranda  in 
the  attempt  to  create  a  revolution  in  Caraccas,  was  an  enthu- 
siast in  the  cause.  His  rank  at  first  was  that  of  Captain  in 
the  First  Regiment  of  Riflemen,  but  he  was  soon  appointed 
Major  of  Brigade,  and  finally  a  Lieutenant-Colonel.  He  ap- 
pears to  have  been  one  of  the  most  popular  officers  engaged 
in  the  enterprise. 


VOL.   II. 


21 


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242 


ROOSA.  — RUGGLES. 


/  -^ii 

1' 

I  'i"  ''f 


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r 

1     •, 
(           \ 

k  i 

• 

" 

RoosA, 


A  Captain  in  a  Loyalist  corps.     In  1777 


he  was  taken  in  arms,  and  hanged  at  Esopus,  New  York. 
His  offence,  as  appeared  r  his  trial,  consisted  in  inducing 
persons  of  his  own  sent.inents  to  enlist  under  the  Royal 
banner. 

RuGELY,  Henry.  Of  South  Carolina.  Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel of  Loyal  Militia.  His  plantation  was  called  "  Clermont." 
Colonel  Washington  assailed  him  while  his  force  occupied  a 
building  on  his  own  estate,  which  he  had  surrounded  by  aba- 
tis, in  order  to  prevent  an  attack  by  cavalr^  .  The  Whig 
resorted  to  stratagem  ;  he  shaped  the  trunk  of  a  tree  to  imi- 
tate a  field-piece,  and  bringing  it  up  in  military  style,  made  a 
show  of  fight ;  and  to  give  solemnity  to  the  device  he  sent 
a  flag,  warning  Rugely  of  his  impending  destruction.  The 
deceived  Loyalist  submitted  at  discretion.  His  conduct  on 
this  occasion  drew  from  Lord  Cornwallis  the  following  letter 
to  Colonel  Tarleton  :  "  Rugely  will  not  be  made  a  Brigadier. 
He  surrendered,  without  firing  a  shot,  himself  and  one  hun- 
dred and  three  rank  and  file,  to  the  cavalry  only.  A  deserter 
of  Morgan's  assures  us  that  the  infantry  never  came  within 
three  miles  of  the  house."  "Sparks's  Washington"  contains 
a  letter  addressed  to  Rugely,  by  Lord  Rawdon,  of  a  character 
to  c  .use  an  explanation  on  the  part  of  his  Lordship.  In  1782 
the  Colonel's  estate  was  confiscated. 

RuGGLES,  Timothy.  Of  Massachusetts.  He  was  the  son 
of  the  Rev.  Timothy  Ruggles,  of  Rochester,  was  born  at  that 
place  in  1711,  and  graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1732. 
He  appeared  in  public  life,  for  the  first  time,  in  1736,  as  the 
Representative  from  his  native  town.  Removing  to  Sand- 
wich, he  commenced  the  practice  of  law,  though  his  father 
had  intended  thai  he  should  adopt  his  own  profession.  At 
Sandwich  he  married  a  widow,  opened  a  tavern,  and  per- 
sonally attended  the  bar  and  stable,  but  continued  his  practice 
in  the  Courts,  where  he  was  generally  opposed  to  Otis.  He 
changed  his  abode  a  second  time,  and  removed  to  Hardwick, 
in  the  county  of  Worcester.  Possessing  military  talents  and 
taste,  he  attained  the  rank  of  Brigadier-General,  and  led  a 


RUGGLES. 


243 


n^ 


body  of  troops  to  join  Sir  William  Johnson,  in  the  war  of 
1755.  He  distinguished  himself  in  the  action  with  Raron 
de  Dieskau,  for  which  he  was  rewarded  by  the  gift  of  a  lucra- 
tive place.  In  1757  ho  was  appointed  Associate  Justice  of 
the  Common  Pleas,  and  subsequeutly  was  placed  at  the  head 
of  the  bench  of  that  Court.  To  the  Congress  of  nine  Colo- 
nies, at  New  York,  in  1765,  he,  Otis,  and  Patridge  were  the 
delegates  from  Massachusetts.  Ruggles  was  made  President 
of  that  body.  His  conduct  gave  great  dissatisfaction  to  the 
Whigs  of  Massachusetts,  and  in  addition  to  a  vote  of  censure 
of  the  House  of  Representatives,  he  was  reprimanded  in  his 
place  from  the  Speaker's  chair.  He  offered  I'easons  for  his 
course,  which,  at  first,  he  had  leave  to  insert  upon  the  jour- 
nal, but  afler  his  statement  was  considered,  the  liberty  to  in- 
sert was  revoked.  He  became,  as  the  Revolutionary  quarrel 
progressed,  one  of  the  most  violent  supporters  of  the  measures 
of  the  Ministry,  and  he  and  Otis,  as  the  leaders  of  the  two 
opposing  parties,  were  in  constant  collision  in  the  discussions 
of  the  popular  branch  of  the  Government.  In  1774  he  was 
named  a  Mandamus  Councillor,  which  increased  his  unpop- 
ularity to  so  great  a  degree  that  his  house  was  attacked  at 
night,  and  liis  cattle  were  maimed  and  poisoned.  On  the  22d 
of  December  of  that  year,  he  addressed  the  following  note  to 
the  "  Printers  of  the  Boston  Newspapers  "  :  — 

"  As  Messrs.  Edes  and  Gill,  in  their  paper  of  Monday,  the 
12th  instant,  were  pleased  to  acquaint  the  public,  '  that  the 
Association  sent  by  Brigadier  Ruggles,  &c.,  to  the  town  of 
Hardwick,  &c.,  together  with  his  son's  certificate  thereof,  and 
the  Resolves  of  the  Provincial  Congress  therein,  mast  be  de- 
ferred till  their  next,'  I  am  so  credulous  as  to  expect  then  to 
have  seen  their  ne.wt  paper  adorned  with  the  form  of  an  Asso- 
ciation, which  would  have  done  honor  to  it,  and,  if  attended 
to  and  complied  with  by  the  good  people  of  the  Province, 
might  have  put  it  in  the  power  of  any  one  very  easily  to  have 
distinguished  such  loyal  subjects  to  the  King,  as  dare  to  asseri 
their  rights  to  freedom,  in  all  respects  consistent  with  the  laws 
of  the  land,  from  such  rebellious  ones,  as  under  the  pretext  of 


■.;■■( 


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244 


RUGGLES. 


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being  friends  to  liberty,  are  frequently  committing  the  most 
enormous  outrages  upon  the  persons  and  property  of  such  of 
his  Majesty's  peaceable  subjects,  who,  for  want  of  knowing 
who  to  call  upon  (in  these  cV^  '  'acted  times)  for  assistance,  fall 
into  the  hands  of  a  banditti,  >ose  cruelties  surpass  those  of 
savages.  But  finding  my  m.  stake,  I  now  take  the  liberty  to 
send  copies  to  your  several  offices,  to  be  published  in  your 
next  papers,  that  so  the  public  may  be  made  more  acquainted 
therewith  than  at  present,  and  may  be  induced  to  associate 
for  the  above  purpose.  And  as  many  of  the  people,  for  some 
time  past,  have  been  arming  themselves,  it  may  nut  be  amiss 
to  inform  them  that  their  numbers  will  not  appear  so  large  in 
the  field  as  was  imagined  before  't  was  known  that  indepen- 
dency was  the  object  in  contemplation  ;  siuce  which  many 
have  associated,  in  different  parts  of  the  Province,  to  preserve 
their  freedom  and  support  Government ;  and  as  it  may  be- 
come necessary,  in  a  very  short  time,  to  give  convincing  proofs 
of  our  attachment  to  Government,  we  shall  be  much  wanting 
to  ourselves,  if  we  longer  trample  upon  that  patience  which 
has  already  endured  to  long-suffering,  and  may,  if  this  op- 
portunity be  neglected,  have  a  tendency  to  ripen  many  for 
destruction  who  have  not  been  guilty  of  an  overt  act  of  re- 
bellion, which  would  be  an  event  diametrically  opposite  to 
the  humane  and  benevolent  intention  of  him  whose  abused 
patience  cannot  endure  forever,  and  who  hath  already,  by  his 
prudent  conduct,  evinced  the  most  tender  regard  for  a  deluded 
people." 

The  "Association"  consisted  of  a  preamble  and  six  arti- 
cles. The  principal  were  the  first  and  third,  which  provided : 
"  That  we  will,  upon  all  occasions,  with  our  lives  and  for- 
tunes, stand  by  and  assist  each  other  in  the  defence  of  life, 
liberty,  and  property,  whenever  the  same  shall  be  attacked  or 
endang'  jd  by  any  bodies  of  men,  riotously'  assembled  upon 
any  pretence,  or  under  any  authority  not  warranted  by  the 
laws  of  the  land."  And,  "  That  we  will  not  acknowledge  or 
submit  to  the  pretended  authority  of  any  Congress,  Commit- 
tees of  Correspondence,  or  any  other  unconstitutional  assem- 


i     !' 


RUGGLES. 


245 


■■•  i 


1 


blies  of  men  ;  but  will,  at  the  risk  of  our  lives,  if  need  be, 
oppose  the  forcible  exercise  of  all  such  authority." 

General  Ruggles's  plan  of  combining  against  the  Whigs 
seems  to  have  been  the  model  of  similar  Associatioiis  formed 
elsewhere.  During  his  residence  in  Boston,  (in  which  town 
he  had  taken  refuge  when  t^  3  above  communication  to  the 
Printers  was  sent  to  them,)  he  attempted  to  raise  a  corps  of 
Loyalists,  but  d^  ^  not  succeed.  At  the  evacuation,  he  accom- 
panied the  Royal  Army  to  Halifax,  and  from  thence  repaired 
to  Long  and  Staten  Islands,  New  York,  where  the  attempt  to 
embody  a  force  for  the  King's  service  was  renewed.  He  or- 
ganized a  body  of  Loyal  Militia,  about  three  hundred  in  num- 
ber, but  does  not  appear  to  have  performed  much  active  duty. 
He  is  named  in  the  statute  of  Massachusetts  of  1779,  "to  con- 
fiscate the  estates  of  certain  notorious  conspirators  against  the 
government  and  liberties  of"  that  State,  and  went  into  per- 
petual banishment.  After  many  vicissitudes  incit'  to  his 
position  in  so  troubled  times,  he  established  his  residence  in 
Nova  Scotia.  Of  the  beautiful  site  of  Digby  he  was  a  pro- 
prietor.    He  died  at  Wilmot,  in  1795,  aged  eighty-five. 

General  Ruggles  was  a  good  scholar,  and  possessed  powers 
of  mind  of  a  very  high  order.  He  was  a  wit  and  a  misan- 
thrope ;  and  a  man  of  rude  manners  and  rude  speech.  Many 
anecdotes  continue  to  be  related  of  him  in  the  town  of  his 
nativity,  which  show  his  shrewdness,  his  sagacity,  his  military 
hardihood  and  bravery.  As  a  lawyer,  he  was  an  impressive 
pleader,  and  in  Parliamentary  debate,  able  and  ingenious. 
That  a  person  thus  constituted  should  make  enemies,  other 
than  those  which  men  in  prominent  public  stations  usually  ac- 
quire, is  not  strange,  and  he  had  a  full  share  of  personal  foes. 
In  Mrs.  Warren's  dramatic  piece  of  "  The  Group,"  he  figures 
in  the  character  of  Brigadier  Hate-all.  Numerous  descend- 
ants ar?  to  be  met  with  in  Nova  Scotia,  and  the  avocation  of 
inn-keeper,  adopted  by  the  General  at  Sandwich,  is  (1847) 
net  yet  unknown  in  the  family. 

His  daughter,  Bathsheba,  who  married  Joshua  Spooner,  of 
Brookfield,  proved  a  mere  wanton  and  a  murderess.     To  re- 
21* 


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246 


RUGGLES.  —  RUSSELL. 


Vt  li 


;il=''hiv 


M:: 


move  all  obstacles  to  gratifying  her  desires  for  another,  she 
hired  William  Brooks  and  James  Bnchannan  of  the  "Con- 
vention troops,"  or  Burgoyne's  ariiiy,  and  Ezra  Ross,  to  mur- 
der her  husband.  The  four  were  tried  at  Worcester,  April, 
1778,  convicted,  and  executed  at  that  place,  in  July  of  the 
same  year.  The  evidence  showed  that  she  was  depraved  to 
the  last  degree. 

RuoGLES,  John.  Of  Hardwick,  Massachusetts.  Son  of 
General  Timothy  Ruggles.  In  1778  he  was  proscribed  and 
banished.  He  settled  in  Nova  Scotia,  and  died  ther-".  His 
widow,  Hannah,  only  daughter  of  Dr.  Thomas  Sackett,  of 
New  York,  died  at  Wilmot,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1839,  aged  sev- 
enty-six. His  only  son.  Captain  Timothy  Amherst  Ruggles, 
of  tliD  Nova  Scotia  Fencibles,  died  at  the  same  place  in  1838, 
at  the  age  of  fifty-six.     Three  daughters  were  alive  in  1839. 

Ruggles,  Timothy.  He  was  a  member  of  the  House  of 
Assembly  of  Nova  Scotia  many  years.  He  died  at  Gran- 
ville, Nova  Scotia,  in  1831.  Sarah,  his  widow,  died  at  that 
place,  in  1842,  aged  ninety-two. 

RuLOFSON,  Ruix)F.  He  was  in  the  service  of  the  Crown 
from  the  beginning  to  the  close  of  the  war.  Soon  after  the 
peace  he  settled  in  Hampton,  King's  County,  New  Brunswick, 
where  he  was  a  magistrate.  He  died  at  Hampton,  1840,  aged 
eighty-six,  leaving  a  widow,  six  children,  several  grand  and 
great-grandchildren. 

RuNDLE,  Daniel.  Of  Philadelphia.  Merchant.  Accused 
of  treason,  he  was  required  by  a  proclamation  of  the  President 
and  Council  to  appear  before  a  certain  day  for  trial,  or,  in 
default,  to  stand  attainted  and  lose  his  estate  by  confiscation. 
Absent  in  Europe  on  private  business,  his  friends  interposed, 
and  the  time  was  extended.  He  surrendered  himself,  and  was 
discharged. 

Russell,  James.  Of  Charlestown,  Massachusetts.  His 
paternal  ancestor  was  Richard  Russell,  who  settled  in  that 
town  in  1640,  and  was  Treasurer  of  the  Colony.  His  moth- 
er's family  was  also  ancient,  and  highly  respectable.  His 
father  was  the  Hon.  Daniel  Russell.     He  was  born  at  Charles- 


I;|i4 


■'ra 


,., ..' 


RUSSELL. 


247 


town  in  1715,  and  there,  except  during  the  Revolutionary 
period,  he  passed  the  whole  of  his  life.  He  sustained  many 
public  offices,  and  was  a  Judge.  In  1774  he  was  appointed  a 
Mandamus  Councillor,  but  did  not  take  the  official  oath.  He 
died  in  1798,  aged  eighty-three.  He  was  not  solicitous  to 
shine,  but  he  was  anxious  to  do  good.  As  a  son,  a  husband, 
brother,  father,  neighbor  and  friend,  he  was  all  that  could  be 
expected  or  desired.  His  understanding  was  sound  and  prac- 
tical ;  and,  possessed  of  great  benevolence  and  public  spirit, 
he  was  incessant  in  his  endeavors  to  promote  the  happiness 
and  advance  the  prosperity  of  the  community  in  which  he 
lived.  A  bridge  from  Charlestown  to  Boston  was  among  the 
enterprises  which  he  projected ;  and  lie  was  the  first  person  in 
Massachusetts,  probably,  who  conceived  that  the  plan  of  thus 
uniting  the  two  towns  was  practicable.  By  his  persevering 
efforts,  the  work  was  finally  commenced  and  successfully  ac- 
complished ;  and  the  Charlestown  Bridge  was  the  first  struc- 
ture of  the  kind  ever  built  across  a  broad  river  in  the  United 
States.  The  Rev.  Charles  Lowell,  D.  D.,  the  venerated  Pas- 
tor of  the  West  Church,  Boston,  who  died  January,  1861, 
was  a  grandson  of  the  subject  of  this  notice. 

Russell,  James,  Jr.  Of  Massachusetts.  Son  of  the  ])re- 
ceding.  Went  to  England.  Was  in  London,  February,  1776, 
and  at  Exeter  in  1779.  A  year  later,  the  lucky  captures  by 
a  letter  of  marque  ship  had  given  him  a  competence  ;  and  he 
was  "  bound  in  the  matrimonial  chain "  to  Mary,  second 
daughter  of  Richard  Lechmere,  and  intended  to  settle  at  Bris- 
tol as  a  merchant.     In  London,  1782. 

Russell,  Charles.  Son  of  James.  Graduated  at  Har- 
vard University  in  1757,  and  died  at  Antigua,  where  he  was 
a  physician,  in  1780.  His  wife  was  the  only  child  of  Colonel 
Henry  Vassall,  of  Cambridge.  By  the  Banishment  Act  of 
1778,  in  which  he  is  proscribed,  it  appears  that  his  residence 
was  at  Lincoln,  county  of  Middlesex. 

Russell,  Ezekiel.  Printer.  Of  Boston.  Was  born  in 
that  town,  and  served  an  apprenticeship  with  his  brother,  Jo- 
seph Russell.     In  November,  1771,  he  commenced  a  political 


t\  ; 


ii. 


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)  ii 


ii    lA'l 


248 


RUSSELL RUTHERFORD. 


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publication,  called  "  The  Censor,"  which,  during  its  sliort  exist- 
ence, was  supported  by  adherents  of  the  Crown,  and  Lieu- 
tenant-Governor Oliver  was  said  to  have  been  a  contributor. 
Loyalists  of  the  first  character  gave  "  The  Censor  "  both  liter- 
ai'y  and  pecuniary  aid  ;  but  its  circulation  was  confined  to  a  few 
of  their  own  party,  and  it  was  soon  discontinued.  In  1852 
tlie  editor  of  "  The  Boston  Daily  Advertiser  "  was  favored  by  a 
friend  with  a  bound  volume,  small  folio,  from  which  he  copied 
for  that  paper,  an  article  that  appeared  in  "  The  CiMisor,"  Feb- 
ruary 8,  1772,  entitled  "a  recij)e  to  make  a  modern  patriot 
for  the  Colonies,  .opecially  for  the  Massachusetts,"  as  follows : 

"  Take  of  impudence,  virulence,  and  groundless  abuse,  quantum  mj/icit; 
atheism,  deism,  and  lihitinism,  ad  libitum ;  false  reports,  well  adapted  and 
plausible!  lies,  with  groundless  alarm.",  one  hundred  tct  avoirdupois ;  a  malig- 
nant abuse  of  magistracy,  a  pusilanimous  and  diabolical  contempt  of  divine 
revelation  and  all  its  abettors,  an  equal  quantity;  honor  and  integrity  not 
quite  (in  atom ;  fraud,  imposition,  and  hypocrisy,  any  proportion  that  may 
seem  expedient ;  infuse  these  in  the  credulity  of  the  people,  one  thousand 
gallons  as  a  menstrum,  stir  in  the  phrenzy  of  the  times,  and  at  the  end  of  a 
year  or  two  thi-^  iudicious  com[)ositloii  will  probably  bring  forth  a  A*  *  *  * 
and  Y*  *  *  *  an  0*  *  *  and  a  M*  ****** 

Probatum  est  T.  N." 

Next,  after  "  The  Censor,"  Mr.  Russell  attempted  to  establish 
a  newspaper  at  Salem,  but  without  success.  Again  he  re- 
moved to  Danvers  ;  but  finally  returned  to  Boston,  where  he 
obtained  support,  princii)ally  by  printing  and  selling  ballads, 
and  small  pamphlets.  His  wife  was  an  active  and  industrious 
woman,  and  not  only  assisted  him  in  printing,  but  sometimes 
wrote  ballads  on  recent  tragical  events,  which  were  published, 
and  had  frequently  a  considerable  run.  Russell  died,  Septem- 
ber, 171*6,  aged  fifty-two  years. 

RussKLi.,  Joseph.  Died  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick, 
1808,  aged  seventy-three. 

Rutherford,  Thomas.  Of  North  Carolina.  He  was  a 
member  of  the  Assembly  from  the  county  of  Cumberland  ; 
and  for  a  while  appears  to  have  been  with  the  Whigs.  In 
1774  he  was  elected  to  the  Provincial  Congress,  and  in  1775 
was  a  member  of  the  Whig  Convention  which   Governor 


RUTHERFORD. 


249 


Martin  denounced,  and  wliicli  sustained  the  proccedinp;s  of  the 
Continental  Congress  ;  and  in  the  military  organization  of  the 
State  he  was  commissioned  a  Colonel.  IJut  in  1770,  as  he  had 
joined  the  adherents  of  the  Crown,  Colonel  Alexander  Mc- 
Allister displaced  him  in  the  command  of  the  Cumberland 
County  Regiment.  February  13  of  the  last  mentioned  year, 
he  issued  a  stirring  manifesto  —  "  To  the  lovers  of  order  and 
good  government,"  in  which  he  "  commands,  enjoins,  beseeches 
and  requires  "  all  loyal  subjects  to  repair  to  the  King's  stand- 
ard. In  the  battle  of  Cross  Creek  he  was  taken  i)risoner  and 
confined  in  Halifax  Jail.  In  1781,  ('raig,  the  Hritish  com- 
mander, ordered  the  wife  of  William  Hooper  (a  signer  of  the 
Declaration  of  Independence)  to  quit  Wilmington  within  a 
certain  time,  under  pain  of  the  Provost.  She  was  so  much 
reduced  by  disease  as  to  render  her  death  probable  before  she 
coidd  reach  a  place  of  refuge  ;  while  her  son  was  suffering 
with  a  high  fever,  and  her  daughter  was  too  frail  to  bear  ex- 
posure. Gentlemen  who  commiserated  her  condition,  offered 
her  conveyance  by  water,  and  attendants ;  but  the  inhuman 
officer  refused,  and  kept  the  alfiicted  jtarty  under  u  liot  sun  for 
hours,  and  until  several  of  his  inferiors  declared  that  such 
cruelty  would  disgrace  a  savage.  Permitted  to  embark  finally 
in  a  boat,  with  a  boy  of  ten  years  as  an  escort,  she  repaired, 
weak  as  she  was,  to  Rutherford,  who  was  twelve  miles  distant, 
and  related  her  distress.  The  Loyalist  promptly  granted  her 
petition  for  carriages  to  remove  her  family  and  friends ;  and 
afforded  her  every  assistance  that  could  have  been  expected 
from  the  greatest  humanity  and  the  most  refined  politeness. 
But,  unable  to  save  more  than  her  household  linen,  bedding, 
and  the  wearing  apparel  of  herself  and  children,  the  British 
soldiers  and  Rutherford's  men  stripped  the  house,  subsequent- 
ly, of  nearly  every  article  of  furniture,  and  seriously  injured 
Mr.  Hooper's  library.  Rutherford  was  attainted  of  treason 
and  estate  confiscated. 

Rtjthkrfohd,  John.  Of  North  Carolina.  A  member  of 
the  Council.  On  the  1st  of  March,  1775,  he  was  present,  and 
gave  his  advice  to  Governor  Martin  to  issue  his  Proclamation 


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to  inliibit  and  forbid  tho  mcoting  of  the  Whig  Convention  at 
Ncwbern,  on  tho  8d  of  April  following  ;  "  the  Board,  con- 
ceiving the  highest  detestation  of  such  illegal  meetings,  were 
unanimous  in  advising  his  Excellency."  Jamks.  Of  North 
Carolina.     Property  confiscated  in  1777. 

RuTiiKiu'oRi),  IIknky.  Established  his  residence  in  Nova 
Scotia,  and  died  at  Digby,  in  that  Province,  in  1808,  aged 
fifty -^Hve. 

Ryan,  John.  He  went  to  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  at 
the  peace,  and  was  a  grantee  of  that  city.  Ho  established  a 
newspaper  called  "  The  St.  John  Gazette,"  which  in  1707  was 
yet  of  small  size.  His  office,  the  year  named,  was  No.  58 
Prince  William  Street.  Ho  was  King's  |)rinter  for  the  Prov- 
ince. He  removed  to  Newfoundland,  where  he  was  Queen's 
printer,  and  where  he  died  in  1847. 

Ryan,  William.  Of  Pennsylvania.  Joined  the  Loyalists 
in  1777,  and  went  with  the  Royal  Army  from  Philadelphia  to 
New  York  the  year  following.  In  1779  ho  was  officer  of 
marines  on  board  the  British  privateer  Jtuni/,  of  New  York  ; 
was  captured,  and  put  in  prison  in  Philadelphia  to  be  tried  for 
treason. 

Ryerson,  Joseph.  Of  New  Jersey.  One  of  the  five 
hundred  and  fifty  volunteers  who  went  to  Charleston,  South 
Carolina.  For  his  good  conduct  in  bearing  despatches  one 
hundred  and  ninety-six  miles  into  the  interior,  he  was  promoted 
to  a  Lieutenancy  in  the  Prince  of  Wales's  Volunteers.  Sub- 
sequently he  was  engaged  in  six  battles,  and  once  wounded. 
At  the  peace  he  went  to  New  Brunswick,  thence  to  C'anada, 
where  he  settled,  and  became  a  Colonel  in  the  militia.  In 
the  war  of  1812  he  and  his  three  sons  were  in  arms  against 
the  United  States.  Ho  died  near  Victoria,  Upper  Canada,  in 
1854,  aged  ninety-four,  one  of  the  last  of  the  "  old  United 
Empire  Loyalists." 

Ryerson,  Samuel.  Of  New  Jersey.  Brother  of  Joseph  ; 
joined  the  Royal  standard,  and  raised  a  company  of  sixty  men 
near  Paterson,  and  received  a  commission  as  Captain  in  the 
Third  Battalion  of  New  Jersev  Volunteers  ;  went  to  New 


M 


UYKUSON.  -  SABIN. 


261 


Brunswick  at  the  peace,  tlicnce  to  Canada,  wlioiv  )it>  set- 
tled. 

Rykrson,  Fkan(  is.     Of  Lon.'^  Island,  New  York,  went  to 
Nova  Scotia,  and  settled  at  Annapolis. 

Sahin,  Noah.  Of  Cumberland  (bounty,  New  nani|)sliire 
Grants.  Judge  of  tlio  ('ourt  of  Common  IMeas.  Of  the 
lineage  of  the  author  of  this  work.  The  name  appears  on 
the  Records  of  Plymouth  Colony,  as  Saben,  Sabin,  and  as 
Sabine.  The  Judge  was  born  at  Rehoboth,  Massachusetts  — 
the  town  of  our  common  ancestor — in  1714,  and  was  de- 
signed by  his  father  for  the  ministry.  lie  removed  to  the 
"  Grants  "  in  17'j8,  and,  at  the  first  choice  of  officers  in  the 
new  town  of  Putney,  May,  1770,  was  elected  town  clerk. 
Two  years  later  lie  was  placed  on  the  bench  of  the  Common 
Pleas.  For  his  connection  with  the  affair  in  1775,  in  which 
he  opposed  th'j  Whigs  in  their  attempt  to  shut  up  his  Court, 
[sea  Thomas  Chandler,  William  Patenon,  and  Samati  Gale,'] 
he  was  confined  in  the  Court-Honse  ;  thence  transferred  to 
Northampton,  and  finally  imprisoned  in  New  York.  Absent 
more  tiian  a  year,  and  indebted,  as  is  said,  to  the  charity  of 
Governor  Tryon,  for  clothing  and  money,  he  returned  but 
to  meet  new  difficulties  at  the  hands  of  those  who  called  him 
—  "a  Tory."  The  Conmiittoe  of  Putney  and  others  went 
to  his  iiouse  armed  with  swords,  and  conducted  him  to  West- 
minster Jail.  The  principal  actor  on  this  occasion,  when  on 
his  death-bed,  sent  for  him,  confessed  his  offence  in  tears,  and 
asked  forgiveness.  "  Fearing  that  Judge  Sabin  might  be  in 
communication  with  the  enemy,  he  was  confined  to  his  farm 
by  an  order  of  the  Committee  of  Safety,  in  1776,  and  per- 
mission was  given  to  any  one  to  shoot  him,  whenever  he 
should  be  found  beyond  its  limits."  Such,  indeed,  was  the 
hatred  of  his  enemies,  that  one  of  his  neighbors  owned  to 
watching  "  for  him  with  a  loaded  rifle,  in  the  woods,"  near 
his  dwelling,  prepared  to  slay  him,  if  he  passed  the  prescribed 
line.  So,  again,  his  recjuest  to  be  allowetl  to  commune,  oc- 
casionally, with  the  church  to  which  he  was  attached,  was 
refused.     This  was  the  state  of  things   at   the   close   of  the 


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8ACKETT.  -  SALTONSTALL. 


yeai'  1778.  In  1781  he  was  elected  Judge  of  Probate  for 
Windham  County,  but  was  soon  suspended  on  complaints  of 
those  "  who  believed  him  to  be  dangerous  as  a  Loyalist." 
But,  restored  to  office  in  a  few  months,  he  was  allowed  to 
hold  it  for  many  years.  He  died  at  Putney,  in  1811,  at  the 
great  age  of  ninety-six.  He  "  was  a  man  of  uncommon 
powers  of  mind :  cool  and  considerate  in  his  purposes,  and 
sound  and  discriminating  in  his  judgment.  His  counsels  were 
often  sought,  and  were  generally  safely  followed.  For  the 
period  in  which  he  lived,  his  education  was  superior."  His 
son  Noah,  who  was  Register  and  Judge  of  Probate,  member 
of  the  Legislature,  and  for  nearly  half  a  century  a  magistrate, 
died  in  1827,  aged  seventy-seven. 

Sackett,  .      Of  Vermont.     Convicted  of  treason, 

for  joining  the  armies  of  Great  Britain,  and  estate  confiscated. 
A  suit,  arising  out  of  the  Act  of  Confiscation,  was  determined 
in  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  United  States. 

Salkin,  John.  Of  Pennsylvania.  Went  to  New  Bruns- 
wick, and  died  at  Mace's  Bay,  in  that  Province,  in  1821,  aged 
eighty-six. 

Saltonstall,  Richard.  Of  Massachusetts.  He  was  de- 
scended from  a  most  respectable  and  ancient  family,  and  was 
the  eldest  son  of  the  Hon.  Richard  Saltonstall,  Judge  of  the 
Superior  Court  of  Massachusetts.  Colonel  Richard  Saltonstall 
was  born  April  6. 1732,  and  graduated  at  Harvard  University 
in  1751.  In  1754  he  was  commissioned  to  command  a  regi- 
ment, and  was  in  active  service  in  the  French  war  that  imme- 
diately followed.  Soon  after  the  peace  he  was  appointed 
sheriff  of  the  countv  of  Essex,  and  held  that  office  at  the 
beginning  of  the  Revolution.  He  was  much  beloved  by  his 
neighbors,  and,  notwithstanding  his  well-known  loyal  prin- 
ciples, it  was  a  long  time  before  he  lost  his  popularity.  At 
length  he  was  compelled  to  leave  Haverhill,  the  place  of  his 
residence,  and  take  refuge  in  Boston,  to  avoid  the  violence  of 
mobs.  He  left  the  country  in  1775,  and  remained  in  England 
throughout  the  war,  until  his  death,  October  1,  1785,  at  the 
age  of  fifty-two.  He  was  never  married.  The  King  granted 
him  a  pension. 


SALTONSTALL.  —  SAMPSON. 


253 


I'.M 


Colonel  Saltonstall  was  a  good  man,  and  is  entitled  to  the 
respect  of  all.  He  refused  to  enter  the  service  of  the  Crown, 
and  feeling,  on  the  other  hand,  that  he  could  not  conscien- 
tiously bear  arms  on  the  side  of  the  Whigs,  he  went  into  exile. 
His  military  knowledge  and  skill  were  very  considerable,  and 
it  was  supposed  that,  had  he  embraced  the  popular  cause,  he 
might  have  had  a  high  command  in  the  Whig  Army.  In  one 
of  his  last  lettei's  written  to  his  American  friends,  he  said  :  "  I 
have  no  remorse  of  conscience  for  my  past  conduct.  I  have 
had  more  satisfaction  in  a  private  life  here  than  I  should  have 
had  in  being  next  in  command  to  General  Washington,  where 
I  must  have  acted  in  conformity  to  the  dictates  of  others, 
regardless  of  my  own  feelings." 

His  integrity,  frankness,  and  benevolence,  his  politeness, 
superior  understanding,  and  knowledge  of  the  world,  won  gen- 
eral praise  and  admiration.  His  remote  family  friends  in 
England  ;eceived  him  kindly,  and  after  his  decease  erected  a 
monument  to  his  memory.  His  brother  Nathaniel,  a  physi- 
cian of  eminence,  and  a  gradupt?  of  Harvard  University  in 
1766,  was  a  firm  Whig.  His  brother  Leverett  was  a  Loyalist. 
His  sister  Abigail  married  Colonel  George  Watson,  of  Plym- 
outh ;  and  his  sister  Mary  was  the  wife  of  the  Rev.  Moses 
Badger,  an  Episcopal  clergyman  and  a  Loyalist. 

Saltonstall,  Leverett.  Of  Massachusetts.  He  was  the 
youngest  son  of  Judge  Saltonstall,  and  was  born  December 
25,  1754.  Unlike  his  brother  Richard,  he  bore  arms  against 
his  native  land.  At  the  breaking  out  of  hostilities,  he  had 
nearly  completed  hi^  term  of  service  with  a  merchant  of  Bos- 
ton. Becoming  acquainted  with  the  British  officers,  and  fas- 
cinated with  their  profession,  he  accompanied  the  army  to 
Halifax,  and  subsequently  accepted  of  a  commission,  and  was 
engaged  in  several  battles.  A  Captain  under  Cornwallis,  he 
fell  a  victim  to  the  fatigues  of  a  camp  life,  and  died  of  con- 
sumption, at  New  York,  December  20,  1782,  at  the  age  of 
twenty-eight. 

Sampson,  John.     Of  North  Carolina.     A  member  of  the 
Council.     He  concurred  with  Governor  Martin  in  his  efforts 
VOL.  II.  22 


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SAMPSON.—  SAPPINFIELD. 


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to  put  a  stop  to  the  unlawful  meetings  and  assemblies  of  the 
Whigs. 

Sampson,  John.  Of  Boston.  An  Addresser  of  Gage  in  1775. 

Sandeman,  Robert.  He  was  the  founder  of  the  sect  of 
Sandemanians,  many  of  whom,  like  himself,  were  Loyalists, 
and  are  mentioned  in  these  pages.  His  first  society  was  estab- 
lished at  Boston  in  1764.  The  place  of  worship  in  Back 
Street  was  burned  in  1773,  when  he  occupied  a  wooden 
building  in  Middle  Street.  Several  other  societies  were 
formed  in  Connecticut,  and  elsewhere  in  New  England.  The 
Sandemanians  gave  the  Whigs  no  little  trouble.  Mr.  Sande- 
man died  at  Danbury,  Connecticut,  in  1771,  aged  fifty-three. 
He  was  born  in  Scotland,  and  was  educated  at  St.  Andrew's. 
Before  coming  to  America  he  organized  a  church  of  his  faith 
in  London. 

Sanderson,  Francis.  Of  Baltimore,  Maryland.  Was 
an  early  Whig,  but  in  May,  1775,  he  had  gone  over  to  the 
Royal  side.  Being  called  to  account,  he  recanted,  and  at  a 
town  meeting,  18th  May,  1775,  he  confessed  his  errors,  &c., 
and  publicly  resigned  the  justiceship  which  he  had  received 
from  Lord  Baltimore.  In  October,  1776,  we  find  him  again 
inclined  to  be  loyal :  and  being  arrested,  was  sent  by  the 
Council  of  Safety  to  the  Provincial  Congress,  who  repri- 
manded him  at  the  bar,  and  bound  him  over  in  .£1000.  The 
President  and  Council  of  Pennsylvania  instituted  proceedings 
against  a  Loyalist  of  this  name  ;  but  he  surrendered  himself 
and  was  discharged  —  perhaps  the  same. 

Sands,  Edward.  Served  the  Crown  as  a  military  officer, 
and  at  the  close  of  the  war  retii  cd  to  New  Brunswick,  and 
received  half-pay.  He  settled  at  St.  John ;  was  a  Major  in 
the  militia,  an  Alderman  of  the  city,  and  Coroner  for  the  city 
and  county.  He  died  at  St.  John,  in  1803,  at  the  ago  of 
forty-three.     Ann  Sands,  executrix  on  his  estate. 

Sappinfield,  Matthias.  Of  North  Carolina.  Authorized 
by  Governor  Martin,  January,  1776,  to  erect  the  King's 
standard,  to  enlist  and  array  in  arms  the  loyal  subjects  of 
Rowan  County,  and  "to  oppose  all  rebels  and  traitors." 
Estate  confiscated  in  1779. 


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SARGENT. 


255 


Sargent,  Rev.  Winwood.  Of  Cambridge,  Massachusetts. 
Episcopal  clergyman.  Went  to  England.  In  1780,  a  fellow- 
Loyalist  wrote,  — "  Sargent  is  at  Bath,  half-dead  and  half- 
alive  ;  his  wife  is  full  of  spirits."  He  died  in  exile  before 
1783.  His  widow,  a  daughter  of  Rev.  Arthur  Browne, 
Rector  of  Queen's  Chapel,  Portsmouth,  New  Hampshire, 
died  at  Bath,  England,  in  1808. 

Sargent,  John.  Merchant.  Of  Salem,  Massachusetts.  He 
was  the  second  son  of  Colonel  Epes  Sargent,  by  his  second 
wife,  the  widow  Catharine  Browne,  and  was  born  in  Salem, 
December  24,  1749.  His  name  stands  first  among  the  Salem 
Addressers  of  Gage  on  his  arrival  in  1774.  He  was  pro- 
scribed under  the  Act  of  1778.  He  went  to  Barrington,  Nova 
Scotia,  and  died  there  January  24,  18^4,  leaving  a  numerous 
progeny.  His  wife  was  the  widow  Margaret  Barnard.  His 
mother  was  a  Winthrop,  and  a  descendant  of  Governor  Win- 
throp. 

"  Sigma,"  of  the  "  Boston  Transcript,"  (Hon.  Lucius  M. 
Sargent,)  June,  1858,  relates :  —  I  recollect  an  incident  that 
occurred  in  the  Old  Brick,  one  Sabbath  afternoon,  which 
strongly  illustrates  the  strength  and  permanency  of  political 
antipathy.  My  grandfather.  Colonel  Epes  Sargent,  by  his 
second  wife,  had  two  sons,  Paul  Dudley  and  John.  Colonel 
Paul  was  a  zealous  Whig,  a  patriot,  and  a  soldier  of  the 
Revolution.  John  sided  with  the  British.  He  was  a  Tory  — 
a  name  which  we  have  learned  to  treat,  not  only  with  forbear- 
ance, but  with  respect,  when  satisfied  that  the  motives  of  the 
wearer,  as  was  frequently  the  case,  were  as  pure  as  those  of 
our  rebellious  ancestors.  John  ....  occasionally, 
though  rarely,  made  a  visit  to  my  father,  his  half-brother. 
Colonel  Paul's  visits  were  more  frequent.  He  resided  in 
Sullivan,  at  the  head  of  Frenchman's  Bay,  in  Maine. 

My  father  had  always  wished  to  reconcile  these  brothers, 
and  he  had  no  difficulty  with  John,  whose  temper  was  mild 
and  genial.  One  Sabbath  afternoon,  when  John,  who  was 
on  a  visit  at  our  house,  had  accompanied  us  to  church,  and 
we   were  seated  in   our  pew.  Colonel   Paul,  who  had  just 


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SARGENT.-  SAUNDERS. 


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arrived  at  the  wharf,  in  a  sloop,  from  Sullivan,  entered  the 
meeting-house,  as  Doctor  Clarke  was  commencing  his  sermon. 
My  father  was  very  much  pleased,  and  tiiought  the  moment 
of  reconciliation  was  at  hand.  The  1  '.'others  had  not  met 
since  1778.  Colonel  Paul  had  just  takoi  his  seat,  and  bowed 
to  my  father  and  mother,  when,  looking  earnestly  over  his 
spectacles,  he  recognized  his  brother  John.  In  an  instant,  he 
grasped  his  cocked  hat  and  hurried  out  of  church.  When 
my  father  and  he  next  met,  the  following  brief  colloquy  en- 
sued :  "  Brother  Dudley,  how  could  you  act  so  ?  "  "  Brother 
Daniel,  I  '11  never  sit  down,  knowingly,  with  a  Tory,  in  God's 
house  nor  in  any  other." 

Sargent,  John.     A  Lieutenant  in  the  King's  American 
Regiment. 

Saunders,  John.  Of  Virginia.  He  was  descended  from 
an  English  family  that  adhered  to  the  King  in  the  civil  war 
between  Charles  and  the  Roundiieads.  His  grandfather  emi- 
grated to  Virginia,  and  acquired  large  landed  estates.  In 
July,  1774,  the  subject  of  this  notice  was  present  at  a  meeting 
in  Princess  Anne  County,  convened  for  the  purpose  of  choos- 
ing delegates  to  attend  a  convention  of  Wings  at  Williams- 
burgh,  and  was  the  only  one  who  refused  to  sanction  its 
proceedings.  In  August  of  that  year  the  Whigs  formed  a 
Provincial  Association,  ?nd  held  meetings  in  various  parts  of 
the  country.  He  generally  gave  his  attendance  ;  but  steadily 
refused  to  bind  himself  to  observe  the  votes  and  resolutions 
which  were  adopted.  The  Continental  Association  was 
formed  before  the  close  of  1774  ;  but  he  continued  a  recusant. 
The  Committee  of  the  county,  considering  that  he  was  a 
young  man  and  that  he  might  be  better  advised,  appointed 
some  of  their  number  to  wait  upon  him  at  his  own  house,  and 
expostulate  with  him  on  his  course  of  conduct ;  but  to  no 
purpose.  Some  days  after  their  visit,  however,  an  intimate 
Whig  friend  went  to  him  privately,  and  pi'essed  upon  him  the 
expediency  of  signing  the  necessary  agreement,  which,  finally, 
he  apparently  consented  to  do.  His  friend,  on  looking  at  his 
signature,  found  written  after  it,  the  word  "  No ! "'  in  large 


SAUNDERS. 


257 


cliaracteis.  The  Committee  were  indignant  when  informed  of 
this,  and  summoned  him  to  appear  and  answer ;  he  dechned 
the  notice,  and  was  forthwith  publicly  denounced.  His  Whig 
friends  regretted  the  result  of  their  many  overtures  and  per- 
suasions ;  for  "  he  had  enjoyed  the  advantages  of  a  liberal 
education,  and  for  some  time  past  had  studied  law,"  and  was 
thought  to  possess  much  energy  and  determination. 

On  Lord  Du  •  more's  appeal  to  the  loyalty  of  the  Old  Do- 
ininion,  Mr.    Saunders   raised  a  troop  of  horse  at  his   own 
expense,  and  joined  the  Royal  standard.     He  was  afterwai'ds 
attached  to  the  Queen's  Rangers,  under  Simcoe,  and  was  a 
Captain  of  cavalry  in  that  corps.     In  1780  he  commanded 
the  garrison  at  Georgetown,  South  Carolina.     He  continued 
in  service  during  the  conflict,  was  often  engaged  in  partisan 
strifes,  and  was  twice  wounded.     When  Colonel  Simcoe  re- 
tired from  the  command  of  the  Rangers,  Major  Armstrong 
and  Captain  Saunders  were  deputed  by  the  oflicers  to  present 
him  with  an  Address.     At  the  peace  he  went  to  England,  be- 
came a  memb>fir  of  the  Middle  Temple,  and  commenced  the 
practice  of  the  law.     In  1790  he  succeed  Judge  Putnam,  as 
Judge  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  New  Brunswick ;  and  was 
soon  after  appointed  a  member  of  the  Council  of  that  Colony. 
In  1822,  on  the  decease  of  Judge  Bliss,  he  was  created  Chief 
Justice.    He  died  at  Fredericton,  in  1834,  aged  eighty  ;  hav- 
ing spent  sixty  years   of  his  life  in  the   civil   and   military 
service  of  the  Crown.     He  possessed  two  estates  in  Virginia, 
both  of  which  were   confiscated.     His  widow,  Ariana  Mar- 
garetta  Jerkyl,  died  at  Fredericton,  in  1845,  in  her  seventy- 
eighth  year.     His  daughter  Eliza,  wife  of  Adjutant  Flood,  of 
the  Seventy- Fourth  Regiment,  British  Army,  died   at   the 
same  place,  in  1821,  aged  twenty-six.     His  only  son  —  who 
bore  the  name  of  the  commander  of  the  Rangers  —  John  Sim- 
coe, married  Elizabeth  Sophia,  daughtjr  of  the  Rev.  George 
Henry  Storie,  of  Springfield  Lodge,  England,  and  in  New 
Brunswick  held  the  offices  of  Advocate-General,  Justice  of  a 
Court  of  Judicature,  member  of  the  Council,  and,  at  his  de- 
cease, was  Secretary  of  the  Province. 

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SAUNDERS.  —  SAVAGE. 


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Saundkrs,  John.  Of  New  Jersey.  Went  to  New  Bruns- 
wick in  1783,  and  died  there.  Elizabeth,  ii>3  widow,  a  native 
of  Elizabethtown,  New  Jersey,  deceased  av,  Hampton,  New 
Brunswick,  in  1838,  aged  eighty-six,  leaving  nine  chihUen, 
seventy-one  grandchildren,  and  forty-five  gr(?at-grandchili]ron. 

Savage,  Arthur.  Of  Boston.  An  Auctiotieer.  lii  1751 
his  place  of  business  was  on  the  north  side  of  thu  town  Jcok. 
In  1755  he  was  ;Tppointed  Comptroller  of  tlie  Customs  at  Fal- 
mouth, and  reiinr  vod  to  that  town.  After  the  {>:  oj)le  begaii 
to  resist  the  cffiocry  of  the  revenue,  lie  was  often  absent,  when 
he  confided  the  dutios  of  )nt  station  to  Thomas  Child,  the 
only  Whig  officer  of  the  C'lStoms  ^t  Falmouth.  In  1771  he 
was  mobbed,  and  soon  after  returned  to  Boston.  At  the  time 
of  this  outrage,  the  Collector  .vvt'-  absent  in  England.  Mr. 
Savage,  as  filling  his  place,  liaii  ordered  the  revenue  cutter  of 
the  Crown  to  seize  a  vessel  of  Mr.  Tyng's,  for  a  violation  of 
th<i  revenue  laws,  which  was  probably  the  cause  of  the  pro- 
ceeding. The  Comptroller  was  proscribed  and  banished  by 
the  Av't  of  1778.  He  iiad  abandoned  the  country  two  years 
previout>ly,  having  accompanied  the  British  Army  at  the  evac- 
uation of  iioston,  and  embarked  at  Halifax  for  England  in  the 
ship  Aston  IMl,  July,  1776. 

In  1789,  or  the  year  after,  he  was  in  London,  and  gave  to 
Rev.  William  Montague,  who  was  then  Rector  of  Christ 
Church,  Boston,  a  leaden  ball,  with  the  following  account  of  it: 
"  On  the  morning  of  the  18th  of  June,  1775,"  said  Mr.  Savage, 
.  ..."  I,  with  a  number  of  other  Royalists  and  British  officers, 
among  whom  was  General  Burgoyne,  went  over  from  Boston 
to  Charlestown  to  view  the  battle-field.  Among  the  fallen, 
we  found  the  body  of  Dr.  Joseph  Warren,  with  whom  I  had 
been  personally  acquainted.  When  he  fell,  he  fell  across  a 
rail.  This  ball  I  took  from  his  body ;  and  as  1  never  shall 
visit  Boston  again,  I  will  give  it  to  you  to  take  to  Amei'ica, 
where  it  will  be  valuable  as  a  relic  of  your  Revolution."  The 
ball  is  preserved  in  the  Library  of  the  New  England  Genea- 
logical and  Historical  Society.  Mr.  Savage  died  in  England, 
of  apoplexy,  in  1801,  at  the  age  of  seventy. 


r 


I  V 


SAVAGE.  — SAYRE. 


259 


SwACR,  William.  Of  Virginia.  A  man  of  propei-ty. 
Served  iu  arms,  on  the  side  of  tlie  Crown,  seven  years. 
Went  fo  t-'t,  Jolm,  New  Brunswick,  at  the  peace.  Died  at 
Fi'  deru't' ;  ,  the  capital  of  that  Province,  in  1833,  aged  more 
than  seventy  years.  His  son  William  died  at  St.  John,  in 
1846,  at  the  age  of  fifty-three.  Four  sons  now  (1847)  sur- 
vive; naniely,  George,  who  lives  at  Oldtown,  Maine;  Eze- 
kiv-'I,  .ohnj  and  Thomas,  who  reside  at  Frcdericton. 

S.WAOE.  Of  Massachusetts.  John,  went  to  England, 
ii.'id  was  there  with  his  wife  and  son  near  the  close  of  the  war. 
KowLAND,  (also  of  Massachusetts,  I  suppose)  ;  his  wife  was 
in  London,  January  25,  1781,  but  he  was  at  Halifax,  Nova 
Scotia,  and  had  just  received  some  official  employment. 
Abraham,  tax-gatherer,  o^  Boston,  an  Addresser  of  Hutch- 
inson, went  to  Halifax  with  the  British  Army,  and  was  pro- 
scribed and  banished.  Edward,  of  South  Carolina,  a  Judge 
of  the  Supreme  Court  ;  permitted  to  leave  the  country. 
Jeremiah,  an  Addresser  of  Sir  Henry  Clinton  ;  banished, 
and  estate  confiscated.     John,  estate  confiscated. 

Saville,  Jesse.  Officer  of  the  Customs,  Providence, 
Rhode  Island.  Tarred  and  feathered  in  1769  ;  the  Commis- 
sioners at  Boston  offered  a  reward  of  £50  for  the  discovery 
of  the  perpetrators,  without  success. 

Saxby,  George.  Of  South  Carolina.  Receiver-General 
of  his  Majesty's  Quit  Rents,  was  in  office  many  years.  Estate 
confiscated  in  1782.  Went  to  England,  and  died  there  in 
1786.     His  widow  died  at  London  in  1798. 

Saxton,  John.  Of  Pennsylvania.  An  Ensign  in  the 
Rcyal  Garrison  Battalion.  At  the  peace,  accompanied  by  his 
family  of  three  persons,  he  went  from  New  York  to  Shelburne, 
Nova  Scotia.  His  losses  in  consequence  of  his  loyalty  were 
estimated  at  .£400. 

Saxton,  George.  Of  White  Plains,  New  York.  Lived 
within  half  a  mile  of  Washington's  head-quarters.  At  the 
peace,  settled  on  Digby  Neck,  Nova  Scotia.  His  son  George 
died  in  1860,  very  aged. 

Sayre,  John.     An  Episcopal  minister,  at  Fairfield,  Con- 


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necticut.  He  was  employed  and  stationed  at  Fairfield,  by 
the  Society  for  the  Propagation  of  the  Gospel  in  Foreign 
Parts,  several  years  before  the  Revolution.  When  Tiyon, 
in  1779,  appeared  in  force  to  burn  that  town,  Mr.  Sayre's 
well  known  attachment  to  the  Crown,  and  the  sacrifices 
which  he  had  made  in  behalf  of  the  Royal  cause,  gave  him 
some  influence  with  the  incendiary  Governor,  which,  at  first, 
was  exertef'i  to  prevent  indiscriminate  conflagration.  But, 
before  the  dreadful  deed  was  fully  consummated,  his  conduct 
caused  so  ni'ich  indignation  among  the  people,  that,  with  his 
family,  he  was  compelled  to  quit  the  town  and  embark  with 
Tryon.  Mr.  Sayre  seems  to  have  been  involved  in  this 
calamity  equally  with  the  Wiiigs,  and  to  have  lost  nearly  all 
his  property  at  Fairfield.  The  church  building  in  which  he 
officiated  was  consumed.  He  fled  to  Flushing.  In  1781  he 
was  in  the  city  of  New  York.  He  was  still  there  in  July, 
1783,  when  he  was  a  petitioner  for  a  grant  of  lands  in  Nova 
Scotia,  and  one  of  the  fifty-five.     [See  Abijah  Willard.'] 

He  arrived  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  during  the  last- 
mentioned  year,  and  was  a  grantee  of  that  city.  He  was  ap- 
pointed by  Lord  Dorchester  one  of  the  agents  of  Government 
to  locate  the  lands  granted  to  the  Loyalists  who  settled  in 
New  Brunswick.  Mr.  Sayre  continued  in  the  Province  for 
the  remainder  of  his  life,  and  died  at  Maugerville,  on  the  river 
St.  John.  The  following  letter,  which  was  addressed  to  the 
society  abovenamed,  towards  the  close  of  the  year  1779,  is 
of  interest.  Some  allowance,  of  course,  is  to  be  made  for 
his  excited  state  of  feeling,  as  it  will  be  seen  that  he  had  but 
just  passed  through  the  conflagration  at  Fairfield,  and,  as  he 
states,  had  been  "  left  with  a  family,  consisting  of  a  wife  and 
eight  children,  destitute  of  food,  house,  and  raiment." 

"  The  circumstances  of  the  Fairfield  mission,  when  I  first 
went  to  it,  are  already  known  to  the  Society  ;  and  since  I 
wrote  to  them,  the  congregations  have  been  so  far  from 
diminishing,  that  they  have  considerably  increased,  not  only 
in  numbers,  but  also  in  attachment  to  the  Church  ;  notwith- 
standing the  many  oppositions  to  religion  and  loyalty  which 


SAYRE. 


261 


M 


have  happened  since.  And  I  liave  great  reason  to  think, 
that  many  who  did  not  actually  join  us,  were  pi'evented 
merely  by  their  apprehensions  of  a  participation  in  our  per- 
secutions, for  which,  it  seems,  their  minds  were  not  yet  suffi- 
ciently prepared.  And  I  believe,  that  if  it  shall  please  the 
Lord  to  restore  the  Constitutional  government  to  Connecticut, 
the  Church  will  greatly  increase  in  that  Province.  The  peo- 
ple of  the  parish  of  North  Fairfield  erected  galleries  in  their 
church  shortly  after  they  came  under  my  care  ;  and  even 
with  that  addition,  it  soon  became  incapable  of  accommo- 
dating the  congregation.  They  intended  to  have  finished  it 
completely,  but  were  discouraged  by  the  many  abuses  which 
their  church  shared  in  common  with  the  other  churches  in  the 
mission.  Shooting  bullets  through  them,  breaking  the  win- 
dows, stripping  off  the  hangings,  carrying  off  the  leads,  (even 
such  as"  were  essential  to  the  preservation  of  the  building,)  and 
the  most  beastly  defilements,  make  but  a  part  of  the  insults 
which  were  oiFered  to  them.  Add  to  this,  that  my  people  in 
general  have  been  greatly  oppressed,  merely  on  account  of 
their  attachment  to  their  Church  and  King.  Their  persons 
have  been  frequently  abused,  many  of  them  have  been  impris- 
oned on  the  most  frivolous  pretences,  and  their  imprisonment 
aggravated  with  many  circumstances  of  cruelty.  They  have 
been  heavily  fined  for  refusing  to  rise  in  arms  against  their 
Sovereign  and  their  legal  Constitution  ;  and  many,  thinking 
their  situation  intolerable  at  home,  have,  by  flight,  sought  re- 
lief in  the  King's  protection,  at  the  peril  of  their  lives,  suffer- 
ing all  the  pungent  feelings  and  reflections  which  must  attend 
a  separation  from  their  families  under  such  circumstances ; 
and  not  a  few,  impatient  of  so  miserable  a  servitude,  and  stim- 
ulated by  repeated  injuries,  have  entered  into  the  service,  that 
they  might  contribute  their  aid  for  the  recovery  of  the  King's 
rights  and  their  own  liberties.  All  these  things  they  have 
endured,  with  a  patience  and  fortitude  indicative  of  the  power 
of  religion,  and  the  steadfastness  of  their  virtue  in  the  face  of 
an  opposition  very  violent  and  formidable. 

"  The  loss  of  all  my  books  and  papers  puts  it  out  of  my 


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SAYRE. 


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power  to  transmit  an  exact  account  of  tlie  marriages,  funer- 
als, and  baptisms,  since  the  first  year  of  my  vesiclence  in  Fair- 
field, but  I  think  they  have  not  greatly  altered  since  that  time. 
There  has  been,  however,  a  considerable  augmentation  in  the 
number  of  communicants.    I  think,  on  my  first  going  to  Fair- 
field they  did  not  exceed  forty.     Some  time  ago  they  were 
considerably  more   than  a  luindred  ;  but  lately,   I  believe, 
something  less,  owing  to  refugees,  hinted  at  above.     The 
present  confusions  commenced  shortly  after  my  removal  from 
the  mission  of  Newburgh  to  Fairfield  ;  and  foreseeing  the  ca- 
lamities which  have  befallen  my  people,  I  freely  relinquished 
the  rates  due  to  me  from  them  by  the  laws  of  that  Province, 
and  informed  them  that  I  should  expect  only  a  bare  subsist- 
ence for  my  family  during  the  troubles,  —  towards  which  the 
Society's  bounty  and  my  medical  employment  also  contrib- 
uted,—  at  the  same  time  assuring  them  that  T  desired  only 
whatsoever  they  were  respectively  able,  and  quite  willing  to 
give ;  and  (I  will  say  it  to  their  honor)  my  people  did  not 
forsake  or  neglect  me  in  my  most  threatening  situations,  oven 
when  their  very  pei'sonal  safety  seemed  to  require  a  very  dif- 
ferent kind  of  conduct.    Nothing  but  an  opinion  that  it  would 
be  expected  of  me,  could  have  induced  me  to  trouble  the  So- 
ciety with  my  personal  concerns.     I  shall  therefore  take  but 
little  of  their  time  with  it. 

"  For  some  time  after  I  went  to  live  at  Fairfield  I  lived 
in  tolerable  quiet,  owing  to  the  indecisive  measures  of  tliat 
period,  though  always  known  to  disapprove  the  public  con- 
duct, and  strangely  suspected  of  endeavoring  to  counteract  it. 
But  this  repose  was  soon  interrupted  by  a  public  order  for  dis- 
arming the  Loyalists.  Upon  this  occasion  my  house  was  beset 
by  more  than  two  hundred  horsemen,  whose  design  was  to 
demand  my  arms  ;  but  they  were,  for  that  time,  diverted  from 
their  purpose  by  the  violent  agitation  they  saw  the  terror  of 
their  appearance  had  thrown  my  wife  into ;  and  which,  con- 
sidering her  being  sick,  and  in  the  latter  stages  of  pregnancy, 
was  indeed  enough  to  awaken  some  degree  of  humanity  even 
in  their  breasts.     After  this  I  was  confined  for  some  days  to 


\i 


SAY  RE. 


203 


my  house  and  gardun,  by  order  of  tlie  person  wlio  commanded 
the  militia  of  the  town  ;  for  which  time  1  was  pointed  out,  by 
the  leaders  of  the  people,  as  an  object  of  their  hatred  and  de- 
testation, and  very  few  of  my  neighbors  (wlio  were  chiefly 
Dissenters)  would  hold  any  kind  of  society  with  me,  or  even 
with  my  family ;  and  my  sons  were  frequently  insulted  and 
personally  abused,  for  carrying  provision  to  the  jail  from  my 
house,  when  some  of  my  parishioners  were  confined  therein, 
as  well  as  on  other  occasions.     After  this  I  w^as  advertised  as 
an  enemy  to  my  country,  (by  an  order  of  the  Committee,^ 
for  refusing  to  sign  an  Association  which  obliged  its  subscrib- 
ers to  oppose  the  King  with  life  and  fortune,  and  to  withdraw 
all  offices,  of  even  justice,  humanity,  and  charity,  from  every 
recusant.     In  consequence  of  this  advertisement,  all  persons 
were  forbidden  to  hold  any  kind  of  cori*espondence,  or  to  have 
any  manner  of  dealing  with  me,  on  pain  of  bringing  them- 
selves under  the  same  predicament.     This  order  was  posted 
in  every  store,  mill,  mechanical  shoj),  and  public  house  in  the 
county,  and  was  repeatedly  publislied  in  the  newspapers  ;  but 
through  tlie  goodness  of  the  Lord  we  wanted  for  nothing,  — 
our  people,  under  cover  of  the  night,  and,  as  it  were,  by  stealth, 
supplying  us  with  plenty  of  the  comforts  and  necessaries  of  life. 
These  measures  proving  insufficient  to  shake  my  attachment 
to  his  Majesty's   person   and  Govei-nment,  I  was  at  length 
banished  (upon  the  false  and  malicious  pretence  of  my  being 
an  enemy  to  the  good  of  my  country)  to  a  place  called  New 
Britain,  in  Farmington,  about  sixty  or  seventy  miles  from 
Fairfield,  where  I  was  entirely  unknown,  except  to  one  poor 
man,  the  inhabitants  differing  from  me  both  in  religious  and 
political   principles ;  however,  the  family  in  which  I  lived 
showed  me  such  marks  of  kindness  as  they  could,  and  I  was 
treated  with  civility  by  the  neighbors. 

"  In  this  exile  I  remained  about  seven  months,  after  which 
I  was  permitted  to  return  home,  to  be  confined  to  the  parish 
of  Fairfield,  which  is  about  four  miles  in  diameter,  my  people 
having  given  in  security  largo  sums  that  I  should  not  transgress 
that  limitation,  and  in  that  situation  I  remained  about  eighteen 


1" 

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months.  After  tliis,  my  bounds  wore  mado  coextensivi'  with 
tliose  of  Fairfield  County,  which  was  a  great  satisfaction  to 
mo,  as  it  allowed  mo  to  visit  the  congregation  of  North  Fair- 
field and  Stratfield,  who  had  been  so  long  deprived  of  my 
ministry;  and  so  I  remained  (officiating  two  Sundays  of  four 
at  Fairfield,  dividing  the  other  two  equally  between  the  t\\  o 
other  parislies)  until  i  camo  away.  We  did  not  use  any  part 
of  the  Liturgy  latei^y,  lui  I  could  not  make  it  agreeabk',  either 
to  my  inclination  or  conscience,  to  mutilate  it,  especially  in  so 
material  a  part  as  that  is,  wherein  our  duties  as  subjects  are 
recognized.  We  met  at  the  usual  hours  every  Sunday,  read 
parts  of  the  Old  and  New  Testaments  and  some  psalms.  All 
these  were  selected  in  such  a  manner  as  to  convey  such  in- 
structions and  sentiments  as  were  suited  to  our  situation. 
We  sung  psalms  with  the  same  view.  On  the  Sunday  morn- 
ings I  read  the  Homilies  in  their  course,  and  on  the  afternoons 
I  expounded  either  parts  of  the  Catechism,  or  some  other  pas- 
sages of  Holy  Scripture,  as  seemed  adapted  to  our  case  in 
l)articular,  or  to  the  public  calamities  in  general.  By  this 
method  we  enjoyed  one  of  the  two  general  designs  of  public 
religious  meetings  —  I  mean  public  instruction  ;  the  other,  to 
wit,  public  worship,  it  is  easy  to  believe  was  inadmissible  in 
our  circumstances,  without  taking  such  liberties  with  the  Ser- 
vice as  I  confess  I  should  blame  even  a  superior  in  the  Church 
for  assuming.  Resolved  to  adhere  to  those  principles  and  pub- 
lic professions  which,  upon  very  mature  deliberation  and  clear 
conviction,  I  had  adopted  and  mau-^,  I  yielded  not  a  tittle  to 
those  who  opposed  them,  and  had  determined  to  remain  with 
my  people  to  see  the  end,  but  was  compelled  to  alter  this  reso- 
lution by  that  suddeii  vicissitude  which  I  must  now,  with  pain- 
ful refiection,  relate  to  the  Society.  On  the  seventh  day  of 
July  last,  Major-General  Tryon  landed  at  Fairfield  with  a  body 
of  his  Majesty's  troops,  and  took  possession  of  the  town  and 
its  environs,  the  greater  part  of  the  inhabitants  having  tackled 
their  teams  and  removed  what  they  could  on  his  approach. 
This  cut  oft'  all  hope  from  the  few  Loyalists  of  saving  any 
part  of  their  effects  if  the  town  should  be  burnt,  every  car- 


.1  i 


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SAYRE. 


2»5r) 


rin^e  being  takon  iiwuy.     Tliu  (n'nei'al  was  so  kind,  however, 
as  to  ordei*  me  a  guard  to  protect  my  house  and  some  othera 
in  its  vicinity,  when  he  had  resolved  to  commit  the  rest  of  the 
town  to  the  flames  ;  for,  as  1  have  ah'eady  hinted,  I  had  deter- 
mined to  remain  at  home. '   Hut  the  ungovernable  flames  soon 
extended  to  them  all,  and  in  a  tew  minutes  letl  me  with  a 
family,  consisting  of  my  wife  and  eight  children,  destitute  of 
food,  house,  and  raiment.     Thus  reduced,  1  could  not  think 
of  remaining  in  a  place  where  it  would  have  been  impossible 
to  have  clothed  and  refurnished  my  family  ;  therefore,  avail- 
ing myself  of  the   protection   oftcred   by  the  present  oppor- 
tunity, I  retired  with  them  within  the  King's  lines.     As  it  was 
impossible  (through  want  of  carriages)  to  save  anything  out 
of  the  house,  the  valuable  little  library  given  by  the  Society 
was  burnt,  together  with  my  own  ;  and  the  plate  belonging  to 
Trinity  Church,  at  Fairfield,  was  lost,  as  well  as  that  of  my 
family,  and  the  handsome  church  itself  was  entirely  consumed. 
The  people  of  that  mission  have  met  with  a  heavy  stroke  in 
the  loss  of  their  church,  parsonage-house,  plate,  books,  &r.., 
not  to  mention  myself,  their  unworthy  minister.     My  loss  in- 
cludes my  little  all ;  but  wliJit  I  most  regret   is  my  absence 
from  my  flock,  t  -  .vhich  my  heart  was,  and  still  is,  jnost  ten- 
derly attached.     I  trust,  however,  that   the  Great  Shepherd 
will  keep  them  in  his  own  tuition  and  care.     I  bless  the  Lord 
for  that,  through  all  my  trials,  I  have  endeavored  to  keep  a 
conscience  void  of  ottence  towards  God  and  towards  men  ; 
continually  striving  to  discharge  my  duties  to  my  Master,  my 
King,  and  my  people ;  and  am  bound  to  thank  the  Lord  daily 
for  that  divine  protection,  that  tranquillity  of  mind,  and  that 
peace  of  conscience,  which,  through  His  grace,  I  have  all  along 
enjoyed.     Be  assured,  however,  that  I  am  nevertheless,  Rev- 
erend Sir,  your  afll'ctionate  brother,  John  Sayre." 

Saykk,  Rkv.  Jamks.  Episcopal  minister.  Brother  of 
John.  Educated  to  the  law,  and  admitted  to  practice  at  New 
York  in  1771.  Abandoned  his  profession,  and  was  Chaplain 
to  one  of  De  Lancey's  Battalions.  Resigned  in  1777,  "  im- 
pelled by  distress,  severity  of  treatment,  and  by  duty."     Rec- 

VOL.    II.  23 


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SAYRE.— SCHUYLER. 


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tor  of  the  Episcopal  Church  in  Brooklyn,  New  York,  from 
1778  to  1783.  At  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  the  last-men- 
tioned year,  and  a  grantee  of  the  city.  Returned  to  the 
United  States,  and  was  Rector  at  Newport,  Rliode  Island, 
from  1780  to  1788.  He  died  at  Fairfield,  Connecticut,  in 
1798,  aged  fifty-three. 

Sayre,  John,  Jr.  Son  of  John  Sayre.  Went  to  St. 
John  at  the  peace,  and  wa-  one  of  the  grantees  of  that  city. 
In  1801  he  was  a  mercliant  and  concerned  in  shipping. 

Sayward,  Jonathan.  Of  Maine.  Member  of  the  House 
of  Repre  Mutatives  of  Massachusetts.  One  of  the  seventeen 
♦'  Rescinders." 

ScHENCK,  Martin.  Of  Long  Island.  His  house  was 
twice  robbed  during  the  war.  The  first  time  the  robbers 
threatened  to  strangle  him  unless  he  gave  up  his  money.  The 
second  time  he  received  a  blow  with  a  musket  which  disabled 
one  of  his  arms. 

ScHENCK,  Nicholas.  A  Captain  in  the  militia.  The 
crews  of  two  whale-boats,  in  1781,  carried  away  his  plate  and 
everything  else  they  could  stow,  and  wounded  and  took  the 
money  and  plate  of  a  lodger.  The  next  year  he  was  an 
Addresser  of  Commissary  Scott. 

ScHURMAN,  Philip.  Of  New  Rochelle,  New  York.  Son 
of  Frederick  Schurman  of  that  town.  Settled  in  New  Bruns- 
wick in  1783,  and  died  at  St.  John,  in  1822,  aged  sixty-nine. 
He  has  (1847)  descendants  in  that  city. 

Schuyler,  Hon-Yost.  A  most  singular  being.  He  was 
coarse  and  ignorant,  and  was  regarded  as  half  an  idiot,  but 
yet  possessed  no  small  share  of  shrewdness.  He  partially  at- 
tached himself  to  the  Royal  cause,  but,  like  the  "  Cow-Boys," 
cared  but  little,  it  is  supposed,  which  party  he  served  or 
plundered.  He  was,  however,  captured  by  the  Whigs,  tried 
for  his  life,  found  guilty,  and  condemned  to  death.  His 
mother,  who,  it  is  said,  was  a  sort  of  gypsy,  came  to  camp 
and  pleaded  with  great  eloquence  and  pathos  that  he  might  be 
spared.  Denied  at  first,  she  became  almost  frantic  with  grief 
and  passion.      But  it  was  at  length  agreed  that  if  Hon-Yost 


SCOPHOL.  — SCOTT. 


267 


would  proceed  to  Fort  Schuyler,  and  so  alarm  the  British 
commander  as  to  induce  him  to  raise  the  siege  of  that  post 
and  fly,  he — the  convict-traitor  —  should  not  die.  Before 
Hon- Yost  departed,  several  shots  were  fired  through  his 
clothes,  that  it  might  appear  how  narrow  had  been  his  escape 
from  the  Rebel  forces  ai)proaching  to  relieve  their  friends. 
Such  was  his  address,  that  he  fairly  deceived  the  British 
officer,  who  fled  with  the  utmost  haste  —  the  retreat,  indeed, 
was  disorderly  to  the  last  degree.  Hou-Yost  subsequently 
joined  Sir  John  Johnson,  and  was  known  as  an  out-and-out 
Tory.  After  the  war  he  returned  to  liis  old  home  In  the 
valley  of  the  Mohawk,  where  he  continued  to  live  for  the  re- 
mainder of  his  days.  He  died  about  the  year  1818.  It  is 
said  that  (leneral  Herkimer,  a  distinguished  Whig,  was  his 
uncle.  Such  is  one  story.  In  another  account  the  name  is 
Cuylei',  and  he  is  said  to  have  been  proprietor  of  a  handsome 
estate. 

ScoPHOL, .      Of  South  Carolina.      Colonel  in  the 

Loyal  Militia.  "An  illiterate,  stupid,  noisy  blockhead."  His 
band  or  party  bore  the  name  of  "  Scupholiles,"  and  numbered 
at  times  three  or  four  hundred.  In  June,  1778,  he  was  e>i- 
camped  on  the  river  St.  Mary's,  and  in  December  was  de- 
tached to  convey  their  booty  beyond  the  St.  John's.  Stupid 
though  he  was,  he  gave  the  Whigs  no  inconsiderable  trouble. 

Scott,  Rev.  Johx.  Of  Maryland.  Ei)iscopaI  minister. 
Concerned  in  a  duel  at  the  age  of  eighteen,  hefled  to  Scot- 
land, and  completed  his  education  at  King's  College,  Aber- 
deen. He  was  ordained  by  the  Bishop  of  London.  When 
Eden  was  appointed  Governor  of  Maryland,  he  returned  as 
his  Chaplain,  and  to  become  Rector  of  the  Parish  of  Ever- 
sham.  In  1776  he  was  examined  by  the  Maryland  Conven- 
tion. The  report  of  a  Committee,  that  he  should  be  com- 
mitted to  the  custody  of  the  Sherift'  of  Frederick  County, 
and  that  he  should  pay  five  hundred  pounds  in  money,  was 
rejected :  but  he  was  ordered  to  give  bond  to  the  Council  of 
Safety  in  one  thousand  pounds,  with  good  securit}',  to  confine 
himself  within  certain  designated  limits,  and  to  behave  dis- 


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268 


SCOTT. 


creetly,  on  the  ground  that  he  was  "  a  disaffected  person,  and 
had  a  dangerous  influence  "  in  the  section  where  he  lived. 
Compelled  thus  to  leave  Maryland,  he  sold  his  property  tliere 
for  Continental  money,  and  retired  to  Virginia,  where  he  was 
Rector  of  the  parish  of  Dettingen  nearly  two  years.  He  in- 
tended to  arrange  his  affairs,  and  embark  for  Scotland.  His 
health,  however,  soon  failed  ;  and  in  1784  he  resigned  the 
care  of  his  flock.  Advised  to  try  the  waters  of  Bath,  Berke- 
ley County,  he  died  on  his  homeward  journey,  and  was  buried 
under  the  pulpit  of  the  old  Episcopal  Church,  Winchester. 
It  is  said  that  he  was  a  man  of  very  marked  ability,  an 
orator,  "  the  handsomest  man  of  his  day,"  and  gay  and  witty. 
His  son,  Robert  2den  Scott,  who  was  a  Professor  in  King's 
College,  Aberdeen,  and  married  a  dcAighter  of  Sir  Robert 
Forbes,  died  j^oung  and  childless. 

Scott,  James.  Of  Tryon,  (now  Montgomery,  County,) 
New  York.  In  1775  he  signed  a  Doclanition  of  loyalty. 
James  Scott,  a  Loyalist,  died  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick, 
1804,  aged  fifty-six. 

Scott,  Joseph.  Of  Boston.  In  May,  1774,  he  was  au 
Addresser  of  Hutchinson,  and  having  in  September  of  that 
year  sold  some  warlike  stores  to  General  Gage,  lie  fell  into 
the  hands  of  the  people.  There  was  much  disturbance,  and 
one  account  states  that  the  Selecttnen  and  Committee  of  Cor- 
respondence of  Boston  told  him  that  for  the  act  "  lie  de- 
served immediate  death  ;"  but  the  Committee,  in  their  version 
of  the  affair,  would  not  appear  to  convey  this  impression. 
They,  however,  aver  that  a  guard  was  offered  Mr.  Scott  by 
General  Gage,  but  that  "  he  was  informed  no  military  guard 
could  save  him,  and  would  but  stimulate  the  people  to  greater 
acts  of  violence."  Mr.  Scott  was  fortunate  enough  to  escape 
personal  harm,  though  his  warehouse  was  injured.  He  seems 
to  have  remained  at  Boston,  as  in  October,  177o,  he  was  an 
Addresser  of  Gage.  But  at  the  evacuation  in  1770  ho 
accompanied  the  Royal  Army  to  Halifax,  and  in  1778  was 
proscribed  and  banished.  In  1779,  Charles  Sigourney  was 
appointed  agent    of  his   estate.     Scott  went  to  England.     I 


SCOVIL.  — SCRIBNER. 


269 


find  his  name  for  tlie  last  time,  October  28,  1781,  wlien  he 
dined  in  London,  in  company  witli  other  Loyalists,  at  the  table 
of  Samuel  Hirst  Sparhavvk.  Freelove,  his  widow,  died  at 
Boston,  Massachusetts,  in  1817,  aged  eiglity-five. 

ScoviL,  Ezra.  Settled  in  New  Brunswick,  and  was  an 
Alderman  of  the  city  of  St.  John.  He  went  to  Nova  Scotia, 
and  died  at  Granville,  in  1825,  aged  seventy-three. 

ScoviL,  Daniel.  Settled  in  St.  John,  New  Brunswick, 
and  became  a  merchant.     He  died  there  in  1822. 

ScoviLL,  Rev.  James.  Of  Connecticut.  Episcopal  minis- 
ter. He  was  born  in  Waterbury,  Connecticut ;  and  gradu- 
ated at  Yale  College  in  1757.  The  Society  for  the  Propaga- 
tion of  the  Gospel  in  Foreign  Parts,  employed  him  as  a 
missionary  in  his  native  town  in  175U,  and  soon  afterwards  he 
extended  his  labors  to  New  Cambridge  and  Northbury. 
During  the  Revolution,  though  his  sympathies  were  on  the 
side  of  the  Crown,  "he  behaved  with  so  much  prudence  and 
moderation  that  he  escaped  everything  like  personal  indig- 
nity." At  the  peace,  the  Society  above  mentioned  withdrew 
their  support  to  their  missionaries  who  remained  in  the  United 
States,  but  offered  to  increase  the  salaries  of  those  who  would 
remove  to  the  present  British  possessions  and  resume  their 
duties.  Mr.  Scovill  rehictantly  left  the  people  to  whom  he 
had  long  ministered,  to  gather  :i  new  Hock  in  King's  Comity, 
New  Brunswick.  He  died  in  that  county  in  1809.  His 
widow  died  in  the  same  county,  in  18;52,  aged  ninety.  Hii 
son,  the  Rev.  Elias  Scovill,  Rector  of  Kingston,  forty  years 
in  the  service  of  the  Society  for  Propagating  the  Gospel,  and 
one  of  its  oldest  missionaries,  died  at  that  place  in  184:1,  at 
the  age  of  seventy. 

ScKiHNKii.  Of  Connecticut.  Five,  of  the  name  of  Nor- 
walk,  settled  in  New  Brunswick  in  1783,  namely:  Hezekiah, 
who,  with  his  wife,  Elias,  who,  with  his  wife  and  five  chil- 
dren, and  Thaddeus,  arrived  at  St.  John  in  the  ship  Union, 
one  of  the  spring  Heet ;  Joseph,  who  was  a  grantee  of  St. 
John,  and  Th(<mas.  The  first  died  in  that  city,  in  1820,  aged 
sixty-one ;  and  the  last  in  18Ji7,  at  the  age  of  seventy-seven. 

23* 


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270 


SEABURY. 


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"  Seabury,  Samuel,  D.  D.  The  first  Bishop  of  the  Epis- 
copal Churcli  in  the  United  States.  He  was  the  son  of  the 
Rev.  Samuel  Seabury,  who  was  a  Congregational  minister  at 
Groton,  and  subsecjuently  the  first  Episcopal  minister  of  New 
London.  He  was  born  in  1728,  and  graduated  at  Yale  Col- 
lege in  1751.  Soon  after  completing  his  collegiate  education 
he  went  to  Scotland  for  the  purpose  of  studying  medicine,  but 
changed  his  purpose  and  devoted  his  attenti(m  to  theology. 
In  1753  lie  tOok  orders  in  London,  and  returning  to  his  na- 
tive country,  was  settled  at  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey. 
After  the  death  of  Mr  Colgan,  Sir  Charles  Hardy,  Governor 
of  New  York,  introduced  him  as  clergyman  of  the  Episcopal 
Church  at  Jamaica,  Long  Island,  whc"e  he  remained  from 
1756  to  1766.  Near  the  close  of  the  latter  year  he  removed 
to  Westchester,  and  continued  there  until  the  beginning  of 
hostilities. 

In  April,  1775,  a  large  number  of  Loyalists  assembled  at 
White  Plains,  and  adopted  the  following  Protest.  Mr.  Sea- 
bury's  name  is  the  third  affixed  to  it ;  that  of  the  Rev.  Luke 
Babcock,  another  Episcopalian  minister,  is  the  fourth  :  "  We, 
the  subscribers,  freeholders,  and  inhabitants  of  the  county  of 
Westchester,  having  assembled  at  the  White  Plains  in  conse- 
quence of  certain  ad  ertisements,  do  now  declare  that  we  met 
here  to  declare  our  honest  abhorrence  of  all  unlawful  Con- 
gresses and  Committees,  and  that  we  are  determined,  at  the 
hazard  of  our  lives  and  jtroperties,  to  support  the  King  and 
Constitution  ;  and  that  we  acknowledge  no  Representatives 
but  the  General  Assembly,  to  whose  wisdom  and  integrity 
we  submit  the  guardianship  of  our  rights,  liberties,  and  privi- 

Ir^res." 

n  November  of  the  last  mentioned  year  he  was  seized  in 
h  own  house,  carried  to  New  Haven,  and  put  in  jail.  In 
1/76  the  New  York  Committee  of  Safety  resolved  that  lu 
"  was  notoriously  disaffected  to  the  American  cause,"  and  or- 
dered his  removal  to  the  house  of  Colonel  John  Brinckerhoff, 
and  his  confinement  to  that  gentleman's  farm.  Later  in  the 
war,  Mr.  Seabury  was  Chaplain  to  the  King's  American  Regi- 


SEABURY SEAMAN. 


271 


ment,  commanded  Yv  ('oloiiel  Fannino; ;  and  wliile  servincp  in 
that  capacity  delivered  a  sermon  before  the  Lcyalis*^^  troops  in 
caimp  at  King's  Bridge,  founded  on  tlie  words,  "  Fear  God  ; 
honor  the  King  ; "  which  was  published  by  request  of  Gov- 
ernor Tryon. 

At  tlie  peace  Mr.  Seabnry  settled  at  New  London.  In 
17fi4  lie  went  to  England  to  obtain  consecration  as  a  Bishop, 
but  objections  arising  there,  he  was  consecrated  in  Scotland, 
on  the  14th  of  November  of  tliat  year,  by  three  non-juring 
Bishops.  For  the  remainder  of  his  life  he  presided  over  the 
Diocese  of  Connecticut  and  Rhode  Island.  His  duties  were 
discharged  in  an  exemplary  manner.  He  died  February  25, 
1796,  aged  sixty-eight  years.  Two  volumes  of  his  sermons 
were  published  before  his  decease,  and  one  volume  in  1798. 

"  Bishop  Seabury  was  in  person  large,  robust,  and  vigor- 
ous ;  his  appearance  was  dignified  and  commanding,  and  in 
the  performance  his  official  functions  inspired  universal  rev- 
erence  His  mind  was  forcible  and  clear.    His  readinjr 

was  extensive,  and  his  memorv  a  storehouse  of  knowledov. 

His   siyle  was  compact,  lucid,  and  easy The   poor 

and  '  men  of  low  estate "  among  his  parishioners  loved  his 
memory."  His  son  Charles  was  an  Episcopal  clergyman, 
and  died  in  Suffolk  County,  New  York,  in  1844.  His  grand- 
son, Samuel,  also  an  Episcopal  clergyman,  and  Doctor  of 
Divinity,  now  (1857)  lives  in  the  city  of  New  York. 

Seabuky,  Danikl.  a  petitioner  for  lands  in  Nova  Scotia, 
July,  1788.  [See  Abijnh  Willard.']  He  was  in  that  Prov- 
ince in  1786,  and  a  member  of  the  House  of  Assembly  for 
Annapolis. 

Seaman,  Benjamin.  Of  New  York.  His  property  was 
confiscated.  In  1774,  this  gentleman  seems  to  have  been 
moderate  in  his  course,  and  perhaps  favored  the  popular 
movements.  Such  inference  1  draw  from  a  communication 
to  the  (Jommittee  of  Correspondence  of  Connecticut,  which 
bears  his  signature,  and  in  which  it  is  said,  that,  "  at  this 
alarming  juncture  a  general  Congress  of  deputies  from  the 
several  Colonies   would   be  a  very  expedient   and   salutary 


v!i 

M 
\i> '  ■ 

11;; 
iir 


,a: 


:,■".'■  I 


mWk'^ 


'■    Hi.:. 


'P 


U      i  ;, 


;»■ 


m 


.,  it    '•'  "^'^    i 

\     'HM'i    :' 


V    I 


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1,  i 


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'71 


r  i/ 


272 


SEAMAN.  -  SEARS. 


'.it 


1^ 


^m^rlN';,!^!! 


I  '■ 


lfi|,j 


i; 


mu 


'(-:    ' 


'Is    I       .      I 


w 

'•4  ' 

it!! 

h  • 

■is  .', 

i' 


measure,"  &c.  In  July,  1783,  he  announced  his  intention 
to  remove  to  Nova  Scotia,  and  was  one  of  the  fifty-five 
petitioners  for  grants  of  lands  in  that  Colony.  [See  Abijah 
WiUard.'l  In  a  Loyalist  tract,  published  at  London  in  1 784, 
1  find  it  said  that  he  sold  his  estate  at  a  great  price,  before 
the  evacuation  of  New  York. 

Skaman,  Uriah.  Of  Queen's  County,  Was  in  arms 
against  tlio  W  higs  in  1780.  Richard,  settled  in  New  Bruns- 
wick after  the  war ;  was  an  Alderman  of  St.  John,  and  Treas- 
urer of  tl?"^  Province.  William  and  John,  of  Duchess 
County,  were  grantees  of  St.  John  in  1783.  And  Hicks, 
(re.^i'!'  CO  unknown,  but  probably  New  York,)  who  went  to 
New  Lrnn  ^v^ck  at  the  peace,  died  at  Sheffield,  in  that  Prov- 
ince, 18  '  I,  ..^-'d  eighty -four. 

Sears,  Thatcher.  Of  Connecticut.  He  was  descended 
from  the  Rev.  Peter  Thatcher,  of  Boston,  and  was  the  second 
son  of  Nathaniel  Sears,  of  Norwalk,  Connecticut.  The  noted 
Whig,  "King  Sears,"  as  he  was  called,  of  New  York,  was  his 
father's  brother.  In  early  life  Mr.  Sears  was  much  employed 
in  the  Mohawk  country,  under  the  patronage  of  Sir  John 
Johnson,  in  the  purchase  of  furs.  His  pecuniary  affairs  were 
very  considerably  injured  by  the  burning  of  Norvalk,  and 
were  otherwise  deranged,  in  consequence  of  his  adiierence  to 
the  side  of  the  Crown.  He  was  finally  forced  to  leave  home, 
when  he  sought  refuge  with  the  Royal  Army  at  New  York. 
He  had  become  poor,  and  was  compelled  to  live  in  retix'ement. 
In  1783  he  removed  to  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  and  re- 
ceived the  grant  of  a  city  lot  in  King  Street,  wliich  is  now 
valuable,  and  owned  (1847)  by  his  descendants.  Up  mi  this 
lot  he  erected  a  dwelling.  "  With  a  sorrowful  anu  heavy 
heart,"  he  said,  "  I  commenced  the  task  of  cutting  down  and 
hewing  the  timber  for  the  building  which  was  to  shelter  and 
be  the  abode  of  myself  and  family  in  our  exile  in  the  wilder- 
ness." He  died  at  St.  John,  in  1811),  aged  sixty-seven.  He 
was  twice  married.  His  first  wife  was  a  dauirjiter  of  Henry 
Smith,  of  Huntington,  I^ong  Island,  New  York,  and  died  in 
1803.      His  second  child,  Ann,  wh^   vvas  born  shortly  after 


P- 


SEATON.  — SEELY. 


273 


his  arrival  at  St.  Jolin,  was  the  first  native  of  that  city.  He 
reared  a  large  family  of  children  ;  but  Edward,  Robert,  John, 
Elizabeth,  and  Sarah,  are  (1847)  the  only  survivors.  Mi'. 
Sears  was  the  only  Loyalist  of  his  family.  His  estate  at  Nor- 
walk  is  now  owned  by  gentlemen  of  the  name  of  Church. 

Seaton,  Wimjam.  Of  New  York.  Andrd  made  his  will, 
June  7,  1777,  at  Staten  Island  ;  there  were  no  witnesses  to 
it,  and  it  could  not  be  proved  ;  but,  October  9,  1780,  Mr. 
Seaton  appeared  before  the  Surrogate  of  New  York,  and  de- 
clared that,  well  acquainted  with  Andrei's  writing,  he  believed 
the  instrument  to  be  genuine.  In  1782  he  was  a  Notary- 
Public,  and  Secretary  to  the  Superintendent  of  Police  in  the 
city  of  New  York. 

Secord,  John.  Of  Pennsylvania.  He  was  "  a  bold,  bad 
man,"  and  joined  the  enemy,  after  having  acted  as  a  spy  upon 
the  Whigs  in  the  vicinity  of  Wyoming. 

Seely,  Ebenezer.  Of  Connecticut.  Went  to  New  Bruns- 
wick in  1783.  Died  at  Carleton,  in  that  Province,  in  1833, 
aged  eighty-eight.  He  left  three  sons  :  namely,  Josiali  Gil- 
bert, Ebenezer,  Caleb  ;  and  one  daughter.  The  surname  is 
sometimes  written  Seelye. 

Seely,  Stewart.  Of  Connecticut.  Settled  in  New  Bruns- 
wick at  the  peace.  Died  at  St.  George,  in  that  Province,  in 
1838,  at  an  old  age. 

Seei,y,  Seth.  Of  Stamford,  Connecticut.  Wont  to  St. 
Jolm,  New  Brunswick,  in  1783,  in  the  first  ship  that  arrived 
there  with  Loyalists.  He  died  in  that  Province  in  1823.  His 
son  Seth  died  in  the  same,  in  1852,  at  the  age  of  eighty-five, 
leaving  a  son,  the  Hon.  Alexander  McLeod  Seely,  who  (1861) 
is  a  member  of  the  Legislative  Council. 

Seei.y.  Of  Connecticut.  Abel,  fled  to  Long  Island  in 
1776.  Nehemiah,  and  Nehemiah,  Jr.,  members  of  the 
Reading  Loyalist  Association.  Obadiah,  Jr.,  of  Stamford. 
Published  bv  the  Committee  of  that  town  as  an  enemv  to  his 
country,  and  all  persons  recommended  to  break  off  all  deal- 
ings and  connection  with  him.  OnAniAH.  In  December, 
1783,  warrant  issued,  on  petition  of  the  Selectmen  of  Stam- 


I'll  I  Pi 


!^||P'  '  i 


u 


'   I 


'!     !     ' 


Ic 


i  t 


'li 


;  1, 


':     I 


■■:      I         .  I 


274 


SEGEE.  —  SERVANIER. 


il 


m 


.\\: 


li ;, 


'11 


m 


ford,  onlerino;  him  and  liis  family  to  depart  tliat  town  forth- 
with, and  never  return. 

Skokk,  John.  Died  at  New  Maryland,  New  Brnnswick, 
in  18;]r). 

Ski.my,  John.  Clerk  of  tlio  Customs.  Embarked  at  Bos- 
ton for  Halifax  with  the  British  Army,  in  1776.  Grand 
Secretary  to  the  Freemasons  of  Nova  Scotia.  Died  at  Hali- 
fax, in  1804,  aged  sixty-three. 

Seleck,  Noah.  An  Ensign  in  De  Lancey's  Third  Bat- 
talion. In  December,  1788,  warrant  issued,  on  petition  of 
the  Selectmen  of  Stamford,  Connecticut,  ordering  him  and 
his  family  to  depart  that  town  forthwith,  and  never  return. 

Semplk,  RoiiKRT  and  John.  Of  Boston.  Merchants. 
Both  Addressers  of  Hutchinson  in  1774,  and  of  Gag<i  in 
1775.  Both  went  to  Halifax,  (Robert,  with  a  family  of 
three,)  in  1770  ;  and  in  July  of  that  year,  both  (and  Robert's 
wife)  captured  on  the  passage  from  Nova  Scotia  to  New 
York  ;  carried  to  Marblehead,  thence  to  Boston,  and  com- 
mitted to  jail.  In  1778,  both  proscribed  and  banished.  John 
died  at  Marlborough,  Massachusetts,  in  1793,  aged  eighty- 
two. 

Serjeant,  Rev.  Winwood.  Of  Cambiidge,  Massachu- 
setts. Episcoi)al  minister.  He  was  ordained  in  England  in 
1756,  and  in  1759  became  Assistant  Rector  of  St.  Philip's 
Church,  Charleston,  South  Carolina.  In  1767  he  went  to 
Cambridije,  when  the  troubles  of  the  Revolution  drove  him 
from  his  flock.  In  1775  he  was  Chaplain  (o  an  armed  vessel 
in  Boston  harbor.  He  went  to  England  in  1778,  and  was  in 
poverty.  He  died  at  Bristol,  England,  in  1780.  He  was 
twice  married.  His  second  wife,  who  died  in  1808,  at  Bath, 
was  Mary,  daughter  of  Rev.  Arthur  Browne.  She  was 
allowed  £100  per  annum  by  the  British  Government.  Two 
daughters,  ISIary  and  Elizabeth,  survived  him. 

Seuvanier,  James.  In  1782  he  was  Lieutenant  in  the 
Third  Battalion  of  New  Jersey  Volunteers.  He  settled  in 
New  Brunswick,  and  received  half-pay.  He  died  at  St.  John 
in  1803. 


SERVIC-:.  — SEWALL. 


275 


Service, 


Of  New  York.     He  lived  in  the  vicin- 


ity of  Scoharie,  and  his  house  was  a  place  of  resort  for  Indians 
and  Tories,  and  a  depot  of  supphes.  Ilis  attachment  to  the 
King  and  his  measures  was  well  known  ;  and  in  1778  a  partv 
of  Whigs  determined  to  seize  him  and  carry  him  oft'.  They 
took  him  prisoner,  but  on  being  informed  that  he  must  ac- 
comi)any  them,  he  seized  an  axe  and  attempted  to  cut  down 
one  of  the  Whig  officers ;  whereupon  another  officer  shot  him 
dead.  This  party,  while  on  their  way,  had  dispersed  a  com- 
pany of  Tories  who  intended  to  reach  the  dwelling  of  Service 
and  pass  the  night  there. 

Sessions,  Datcius.  Of  Rhode  Island.  He  graduated  at 
Yale  College  m  175^7.  In  17*39  he  was  elected  Duputy-Gov- 
crnor  of  the  Colony,  and  in  April,  177o,  in  a  written  paper 
dated  fi'om  the  Upper  House,  entered  his  written  dissent  to  a 
bill  of  the  Assembly  for  raising  an  army  of  fifteen  hundred 
men.  In  June  of  that  year  his  official  functions  had  ceased, 
nnd  the  post  of  Deputy-Governor  was  filled  by  the  Hon.  Nich- 
olas Cooke.  Probably  he  was  driven  into  retirement ;  for  the 
Protest  of  Wanton,  Sessions,  Potter,  and  Wickes,  as  appears 
by  the  Recantation  of  Potter,  gave  much  uneasiness  to  the 
good  people  of  Rhode  Island.     He  died  in  1809. 

Sewall,  Jonathan.  Attorney-General  of  Massacliusetts. 
He  graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1748  ;  taught  school 
in  Salem  until  175t)  ;  then  studied  law  with  Judge  Russell, 
and  opened  an  office  in  ('harlestown.  While  attending  Court, 
he  and  John  Adams  lived  together,  frequently  slept  in  the 
same  chamber,  and  often  in  the  same  bed.  He  courted  the 
maiden  he  married  several  years  ;  and  it  was  his  habit  to  go  to 
her  flither's  on  Saturday  and  remain  until  Monday  ;  and  Mr. 
Adams  was  generally  invited  to  meet  him  on  Sunday  evening. 
And,  besides,  the  two  yomig  men  were  i»j  constant  corre- 
spondence. About  the  year  17(57  Mr.  Sowall  was  appointed 
Attorney-General.  The  friend  already  mentioned  remarks 
that,  as  a  lawyer,  his  influence  with  judges  and  juries  Avas  as 
great  as  was  consistent  with  ati  impai'tlal  administration  of 
justice ;  that  he  was  a  gentleman  and  a  scholar  ;  that  he  pos- 


Ik. 


-> 


i^i^v: 


*  - 

5, 


•fe|*1>r' 


'F: 


1  'r' 


i'' 


•14?. 


1  !  I!    S       ' 


ii 


m 


. } 


i-^ 


Vl- 


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p 


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'ii'^V 


41; 


Tl 


^ 


27G 


SEW  AT' 


lhI  a  lively  wit, 


sesscHl  a  nveiy  wit,  tt  brilliant  iuKii^inatioiv   great  subtlety  of 
reasoninji,  and  an  insinuating  eKujiience. 

In  1774  he  was  an  Addresser  of  Hutchinson,  and  in  Sep- 
tember of  that  year  his  elegant  house  at  Cambridge  was  at- 
tacked by  a  mob  and  much  injured.  Ho  fled  to  Boston  for 
refuge.  His  name  appears  among  the  ])roscribed  and  ban- 
ished, and  among  those  whose  estates  were  confiscated.  He 
attempted  to  dissuade  Mr.  Adams  from  attentling  the  first 
Continental  Congress;  and  it  was  in  reply  to  his  arguments, 
and  as  they  walked  on  the  Great  Hill  at  Portland,  that  Adams 
used  the  memorable  wcrds :  "  The  die  is  now  cast ;  I  have 
now  passed  the  Rubicon  ;  swim  or  sink,  live  or  die,  survive  or 
perish  with  my  country  is  my  unalterable  determination." 
They  parted,  and  met  no  more  until  1788.  The  one,  the 
high-souled,  lion-hearted  Adams,  had  a  country,  and  a  free 
country  ;  the  elocpient  and  gifted  Sewall  lived  and  died  a 
Colonist.  It  is  thought  that  Sewall  originally  sympathized 
with  the  Whigs,  and  that  he  was  won  over  to  the  other  >icle 
by  the  address  of  Hutchinson,  alter  some  dissatisfaction  with 
the  Otises  relative  to  the  ouiti.;  ,.;  his  uncle,  a  deceased  Chief 
Justice  of  Massachr sett's,,  iv?  is  said  to  have  adhered  to  the 
Crown  at  last,  as  did  thousn tu's  of  others,  from  a  conviction 
that  armed  o|)position  would  end  in  certain  defeat,  and  utter 
ruin  to  the  Colonies. 

In  1775  Mr.  Sewall  went  to  England,  and  was  in  London 
previous  to  July  20th  of  that  year.  Early  in  1776  we  hear 
of  him,  in  company  with  several  other  exiles,  "  bound  to  the 
theatre  to  see  the  Jubilee  "  ;  next  as  a  member  of  the  Loyal- 
ist Club,  for  a  weekly  conversation  and  a  dinirer  ;  and  later, 
as  having  a  home  in  Bromi)ton  Rov/.  In  1777  we  find  him 
at  Bristol,  and  on  terms  with  the  celebrated  political  divine, 
Dean  Tucker,  who  considered  the  Colonies  a  burden  to  Eng- 
land, and  had  the  courage  to  advise  the  Ministry  to  cast  them 
off.  The  next  year  he  was  at  Sidmouth  ;  but  again  at  Bris- 
tol in  1779  and  the  year  after.  While  in  England  he  wrote 
to  his  fellow-exile,  Curwen,  "  The  situation  of  American 
Loyalists,  I  confess,  is  enough  to  have  provoked  Job's  wife,  if 


SEW  ALL. 


277 


Job  himself;  but  still 


philosophers,  and 


imscir ;  diu  siiii  wo  must  be  men, 
Christians;  bciirin';  up  with  patience,  resignation,  and  forti- 
tude, against  unavoidable  suffering." 

The  friendship  betwei     Jonathan  and  Joliu  was  never  in- 
terrui)t(>d  while  both  lived.     In  1788  Mr.  Sewall  went  to  Lon- 
don to  embark  for  llii'ifax,  and  they  met  at  once,  —  the  Whig 
laying  asid<'  all  etiquette  to  make  him  a  visit.     "  I  orderc' 
my  servant  to  ar  nounce  John    \dams,  was  instantly  admiti 
and  both  of  us,  forgetting  that  we  had  ever  been  eneni; 
embraced  each  other  as  (    rdially  as  ever.     I  had  two  lioui 
convi  rsation  with  him  in  a  most  delightful  freedom,  upon  a 
multitude  of  subjects.''     In  the  course  of  this  interview,  Mr. 
Sewall  remarked   that  he  had  existed  for  the  sake  of  his  two 
chililren  ;  that  he  had  spared  no  pains  or  expense  in  their 
educatiuii ;  and  that   he  was  going  to  Nova  Scotia  in  hope  of 
making  some  provision  for  them.     He  did  not  long  survive  ; 
"  evidently  broken  down  by  his  anxieties,"  adds  Mr.  Adams, 
"  and  j)robably  dying  of  a  broken  heart." 

At  this  time  Mr.  Sewall  had  been  appointed  Judge  of  Ad- 
miralty for  Nova  Scotia  and  New  Brunswick,  and  soon  after 
entered  upon  his  duties.     In  "  McFingal"  it  is  asked,  — 

"  Who  made  that  wit  of  water-gruel 
A  Judge  of  Admiralty,  Sewall  V  " 

lie  died  at  St.  John,  in  the  latter  Province,  in  179(>,  aged 
sixty-eight.  I  have  often  passed  the  house  in  which  he 
breathed  his  last,  and  could  but  muse  upon  his  fate.  Esther, 
his  widow,  fourth  daughter  of  Edmund  Quincy,  a  lady  dis- 
tinguished for  her  beauty,  vivacity,  and  spirit,  and  sister  of  the 
wife  of  John  Hancock,  died  at  Montreal,  January  21,  1810. 
His  son  Jonathan  Sewall,  L.L.  D.,  of  the  Executive  Coun- 
cil, and  many  years  its  President,  Speaker  of  the  Legislative 
Council,  and  Chief  Justice  of  Lower  Canada,  died  at  Quebec, 
in  1840,  aged  seventy-three.  His  son  Stephen  was  Solicitor- 
General  of  tilt  same  Province,  and  died  at  Montreal  in  1832. 

Sewall,  Sa»i^el.  Great-grandson  of  Chief  Justice  Sam- 
uel Sewall,  and  son  of  Henry  Sewall,  of  Brookline,  Massa- 
chusetts.    Was  born  December  31,  1745,  graduated  at  Har- 

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SHADFORD.  —  SHAKSPEARE. 


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vard  University  in  1761.  He  studied  law,  and  settled  in 
Boston.  His  name  occurs  among  the  barristers  and  attorneys 
who  were  Addressers  of  Hutchinson  in  1774 ;  and  in  the 
Banishment  and  Proscription  Act  in  1778.  He  went  to 
England,  and  in  1776  was  a  member  of  the  Loyalist  Club, 
London.  Two  years  later  he  was  at  Sidmouth,  a  "  bathing 
town  of  mud-walls  and  thatched  roofs."  In  1780  he  seems  to 
have  lived  in  Bristol ;  and  on  the  19th  of  June  amused  him- 
self by  loyally  celebrating  Clinton's  success  at  Charleston,  in 
the  discharge  of  a  two-pounder  in  a  private  garden  ;  and, 
three  days  after,  was  shot  at  by  a  footpad  and  narrowly  escaped 
with  his  life.  Early  in  1782  he  was  at  Taunton,  and  at  Sid- 
mouth. He  died  at  London,  after  one  day's  confinement  to 
his  room.  May  6,  1811,  aged  fifty-six  years.  His  estate  in 
Brookline,  Massachusetts,  was  confiscated. 

Shadford,  Rev.  George.  Minister  of  the  Methodist 
Episcopal  Church.  He  was  born  in  England  in  1739.  He 
arrived  at  Philadelphia  in  1773,  with  an  appointment  from 
Wesley,  and  preached  some  time  in  New  Jersey,  in  the  city 
of  New  York  and  Philadelphia.  He  was  transferred  to 
Virginia  in  1776,  and  the  year  following  to  Maryland.  Re- 
fusing to  renoUi  'e  his  allegiance,  and  continuing  to  pray  for 
the  King,  "he  began  to  find  that  his  loyalty  could  not  be 
maintained  without  subjecting  himself  to  the  most  serious 
annoyance,"  he  resolved  to  return  to  his  native  land.  He 
accordingly  procured  a  pass  to  go  to  the  camp  of  General 
Small  wood,  who,  by  Mr.  Shadford's  account,  was  not  remark- 
ably courteous  towards  him,  but  who  finally  consented  to 
give  him  protection  to  the  British  lines,  on  condition  that  he 
would  take  an  oath  to  go  directly  to  Philadelphia  and  there 
embark  for  Great  Britain.  He  complied,  and  as  soon  as  he 
could  procure  a  passage,  sailed  for  Ireland.  After  a  ministry 
of  twenty-three  years,  he  was  placed  on  the  list  of  "  super- 
numaries."     He  died  in  1816. 

Shakspeare,  David  and  Stephen.  Went  from  New 
York  to  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1783,  and  received  grants 
of  land.     Each  had  a  family,  and  the  latter  twenty  servants, 


SHANK.  —  SHAW. 


279 


'!( 


who,  I  conclude,  were  persons  of  color.  David  was  of  Phil- 
adelphia, and  a  merchant. 

Shank,  David.  Of  Virginia.  Lieutenant-General  in 
the  British  Army.  He  served  under  Lord  Dunmore  in 
Virginia,  early  in  1776,  and  in  August  of  the  same  year  was 
a  volunteer  in  the  battle  of  Long  Island.  In  1777  he  was 
appointed  a  Lieutenant,  and  in  1778  a  Captain  in  the  Queen's 
Rangers,  and  from  August  1779  to  the  close  of  the  war  he 
was  in  command  of  a  Troop  of  Dragoons.  He  was  in  the 
battle  of  Brandywine,  in  which  fourteen  of  the  twenty-one 
officers  of  the  Rangers  were  killed  or  wounded.  He  was  also 
engaged  in  the  actions  of  Germantown  and  Monmouth,  in 
the  siege  of  Charleston,  and  in  the  expedition  to  Virginia. 
In  1788  he  retired  on  half-pay,  with  the  confidence  of  his 
commander,  Colonel  Simcoe,  who,  in  1791,  when  appointed 
Lieutenant-Governor  of  Upper  Canada,  gave  him  the  com- 
mission of  senior  officer  of  the  new  "  Queen's  Rangers,"  — 
a  corps  of  four  hundred  men,  raised  in  England,  for  service 
in  that  Colony.  Captain  Shank  returned  to  Europe  in  1799. 
He  received  the  rank  of  Colonel,  in  1808  ;  of  Major-General, 
in  1811 ;  and  of  Lieutenant-General,  in  1821.  He  died  at 
Glasgow,  October,  18S1. 

Shannon, .      Of  Pennsylvania.      Physician.      In 

1777,  charged  w^ith  conducting  the  enemy  through  Philadel- 
phia County  ;  an  order  of  the  Council  to  seize  him,  and  send 
him  under  guard  to  that  body. 

Shannon,  John.  Of  Pennsylvania.  Deserted  fVom  the 
State  galleys,  and  joined  the  British  at  Philadelphia,  Cap- 
tured at  sea.     In  1779  in  prison,  to  be  tried  for  treason. 

Shaw,  John.  In  1780,  lumber  was  much  wanted  by  the 
Royal  Army  in  New  York,  and  boards  sold  there  as  high  as 
■£30  specie  per  thousand  feet.  Shaw  commanded  a  vessel  in 
the  trade,  but  was  finally  captured  and  put  in  prison.  At  the 
peace,  accompanied  by  his  family,  he  went  from  New  York  to 
Shelburne,  Nova~  Scotia,  where  the  Crown  granted  him  one 
town  lot. 

Shaw, .     Captain  in  the  Loyalist  Light  Infantry. 

Mortally  wounded  in  the  battle  of  Eutaw  Springs,  1781. 


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280 


SHAW.— SHE  AFFE. 


Shaw,  Colin.  Ensign  in  the  North  Carolina  Royalists. 
Wounded  in  the  battle  of  Camden,  1780.  Property  confis- 
cated. 

Shaw,  JEneas.  An  officer  of  Infantry  in  the  Queen's 
Rangers.  He  married  Nancy  Goslin,  of  Newtown,  Long 
Island,  in  1783. 

Sheaffe,  William.  Of  Boston.  Deputy  Collector  of 
the  Customs.  Of  this  gentleman  little  seems  to  have  been 
preserved.  Of  his  official  life  I  glean  simply  that,  in  the 
reign  of  George  II.,  he  frequently  acted  as  Collector  in  the 
absence  of  Sir  Henry  Frankland,  who  held  that  office  ; 
that,  in  1759,  when  the  Baronet  was  removed  for  inattention 
to  his  duties,  he  was  appointed  to  fill  the  vacant  place,  and 
issued  the  celebrated  "  Writs  of  Assistance,"  to  search  for 
smuggled  goods ;  that  Roger  Hale  succeeded  as  Collector  in 
1762,  when  Sheaffe  was  again  Deputy,  and  that  he  con- 
tinued'in  office  under  Joseph  Harrison,  who  was  the  last 
Royal  Collector  of  the  port. 

In  December,  1767,  his  wife  wrote  her  brother,  Thomas 
Child,  the  only  Whig  Officer  of  the  Customs  at  Falmouth, 
Maine  :  "  I  am  in  a  fair  way  of  being  very  sociable  with  the 
Commissioners  [of  the  Customs],  which,  I  think,  will  be  no 
disadvantage  to  Mr.  Sheaft'e  or  you.  Ther  nothing  like 
being  acquainted.  People  are  more  dispose  do  for  those 
they  know,  and  as  Mr.  Sheafie  is  of  so  backv/ard  a  disposi- 
tion, I  am  bound  to  exert  myself  more  than  I  otherwise 
should  do.  I  know  there  are  persons  who  think  we  might 
live  more  obscure,  but  we  shall  not  be  governed  by  their 
opinions,  as  we  owe  them  nothing,  nor  should  we  be  the  better 
for  them,  if  we  wanted  their  assistance." 

Mr.  Sheaffe  died  in  1771,  leaving  a  large  family  in  poverty. 
So  poor,  indeed,  was  his  widow,  that  the  officers  of  the 
revenue  in  Boston  proposed  a  subscription  for  her  immediate 
relief;  and,  as  she  possessed  a  capacity  for  business,  other 
friends  suggested  the  opening  a  shop  as  a  means  of  permanent 
support.  There  is  ample  evidence  to  show  that  the  Sheaffes 
were  a  loving,  happy  family,  and  that  Mrs.  Sheaffe  herself 


:  nm 


SHEAFFE. 


281 


was  an  Intelligent,  excellent  woman,  and  bore  many  trials 
with  pious  resignation.  She  die^l.  I  conclude,  from  a  remark 
in  a  letter  of  her  son  Roger,  in  the  year  1811. 

Of  the  sons,  I  glean  something  of  four ;  Nathaniel,  Thomas 
Child,  Roger  Hale  —  of  whom  presently  —  and  William. 
The  latter  was  in  Boston  in  1784,  and,  probably,  two  or  three 
years  later.  He  went  to  England,  and  in  1788  his  brother- 
in-law,  Captain  Molesworth,  procured  a  place  for  him  in  the 
Revenue  Service.  He  probably  remained  abroad.  His  son 
William,  as  we  shall  see,  was  the  heir  of  his  brother.  Sir 
Roger. 

Susanna,  Mr.  Sheaffe's  oldest  daughter,  who  died  in  1884, 
married  Captain  Ponsonby  Molesworth,  a  nephew  of  Lord 
Ponsonby.  The  family  account  is,  that,  on  the  day  of  the 
landing  of  a  Regiment  of  British  troops  in  Boston,  a  halt  was 
made  in  Queen  (Court)  Street,  opposite  Mr.  Sheaffe's  house ; 
that  Susanna,  attracted  by  the  music  and  the  red-coats,  ac- 
companied by  her  younger  sisters,  went  upon  the  balcony  • 
that  Molesworth  soon  saw  her,  was  struck  with  her  great 
beauty,  gazed  upon  Ik  /  intently,  and  at  last,  said  to  a  brother 
officer,  >vho,  like  himself,  was  leaning  against  a  fence :  "  That 
girl  seals  my  fate."  The  story  further  is,  that  an  introduc- 
tion, and  visit  after  visit,  followed,  and  that  the  maiden's 
heart  was  rapidly  won.  But  then  came  sorrow,  for  Susanna 
was  barely  fifteen,  and  pai'ental  consent  to  her  marriage  was 
refused.  Her  governess,  to  whom  she  entrusted  her  grief, 
espoused  her  cause,  and  favored  immediate  union ;  and  the 
result  accordingly  was,  the  flight  of  the  three  to  Rhode  Island, 
where  the  loving  pair  pronounced  their  nuptial  vows.  Moles- 
worth sold  his  commission  in  1776,  and  in  December  of  that 
year  was  in  England  with  his  wife.  Their  married  life 
proved  uncommonly  happy  ;  and  they  lived  to  see  their  chil- 
dren's children.  The  papers  wl  ich  I  use  for  these  notices 
contain  several  letters  from  both,  which  are  alike  honorable  to  . 
head  and  heart.  Two  extracts  from  the  Captain's  to  Mrs. 
Sheafie,  in  Boston,  are  all  that  my  limits  will  here  allow.  He 
said,  iu  1784  :  "  My  recommendations  from  the  Marquis  of 
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282 


SHEAFFE. 


Lothian  to  the  Duke  of  Rutland  (now  Lord  Lieutenant  of 
Ireland)  are  so  strong  that  lie  can't  avoid  showing  me  great 
notice  and  regard,  which  will  be  certainly  followed  by  prefer- 
ment whenever  that  sort  of  place  which  would  suit  me  be- 
comes vacant.  .  .  Were  my  matters  arranged  to  my  sat- 
isfaction, you  may  be  assured  that  a  trip  across  the  Atlantic 
would  be  our  next  object,  provided  I  could  procure  leave  to 
be  absent,"  &c.  Two  years  later  he  wrote :  "  I  have  taken 
a  house  in  the  pleasantest  and  most  healthy  situation  in  or 
about  Dublin,  which  I  have  furnished,  and  am  otherwise  en- 
abled, thank  God,  to  offer  a  most  hearty  invitation  to  you  and 
our  sister  Helen,  who  I  conceive  to  be  the  only  one  unprovided 
for  in  your  family.  I  have  a  genteel  employment,  with  very 
little  to  do,  under  Government,  which  enables  me  to  live  com- 
fortably, with  the  prospect  of  a  still  better,  with  a  certain  as- 
surance of  £100  a  year  for  life,  in  a  very  little  time,  to  be 
settled  as  a  pension  on  my  wife." 

The  child  of  the  Molesworths  best  known  to  their  friends 
in  Massachusetts  was  a  daughter  who  married  a  Bagot,  and 
who,  in  1806,  gave  her  uncle,  Sir  Roger,  the  following  account 
of  her  family.  ''  My  eldest,  Elizabeth,  grandmamma's  dar- 
ling and  constant  companion,  is  not  quite  nine  years  of  age, 
but  uncommonly  sensible  for  her  yeara.  You  would  love  her 
if  you  were  to  see  the  pains  she  takes  to  divert  my  mother, 
whenever  a  melancholy  fit  comes  over  her.  .  .  She  will 
dance  for  her  (which  she  does  elegantly),  and  with  a  thousand 
little  antic  tricks  contrives  to  make  her  laugh  before  she  stops ; 
but  with  all  her  wildness,  her  little  heart  is  the  seat  of  sensi- 
bility ;  and  when  alone  with  me,  she  will  weep  and  talk  of 
her  grandpapa  by  the  hour.  I  have  also  three  boys  lefl.  The 
two  eldest,  Robert  and  Hale,  go  to  school,  and  though  Robert 
has  three  years  advantage  over  the  other,  yet  your  little  god- 
son beats  him  at  everything :  he  is  also  much  handsomer,  and 
an  arch,  waggish  dog.  My  next  in  years  is  Harriet,  a  beau- 
tiftil,  sensible  girl  of  four,  but  a  very  vixen,  which  costs  me  a 
great  deal  in  birch-rods.  The  youngest,  Daniel,  not  three 
months  old  —  a  very  delicate  boy,  and  I  very  much  fear  will 


SHEAFFE. 


283 


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soon  be  taken  away  to  join  my  four  other  cherubs  in  the 
realms  of  bliss." 

Margaret,  another  daughter  of  Mr.  Sheaffe,  was  the  wife 
of  John  R.  Livingston,  merchant  of  Boston,  and  died  in  that 
town,  in  1785,  aged  twenty-four.  This  lady  "  was  adored 
by  her  connections,  and  beloved  by  all  who  knew  her."  She 
was  remarkable  for  beauty  ;  so  handsome,  according  to  tradi- 
tion and  accounts  in  my  possession,  that  *'  no  one  could  take 
her  picture."  A  lady  of  her  lineage  informs  me  that,  previous 
to  her  marriage.  La  Fayette,  who  admired  her,  and  often  visited 
her  mother,  once  said  to  her  lover,  —  "  Were  I  not  a  married 
man,  I  'd  try  to  cut  you  out ;  "  and  that,  after  his  return  to 
France,  the  Marquis  sent  her  a  satin  cardinal  lined  with 
ermine,  and  an  elegant  silk  garment  to  wear  under  it,  which 
were  long  preserved  in  the  family. 

In  1785  it  was  said  of  Helen,  another  daughter  of  the 
subject  of  this  notice,  "  She  is  like  a  rosebud  just  opening 
to  view  ;  everything  around  her  will  be  pleasing,  and  wherever 
she  is,  her  placid  countenance  will  show  the  serenity  of  her 
good  disposition.  When  a  i'eal  lover,  a  man  of  merit,  and 
formed  to  make  hev  happy,  appears,  may  she  accept  him  with 
pleasure,  and  requite  his  tenderness  with  such  charms  of  per- 
son and  conduct  as  will  make  his  life  as  happy  as  hers  ought 
to  be."  Helen  married  James  Lovell,  who,  a  Whig  in  the 
Revolution,  was  subsequently  Naval  Officer  of  Boston.  Their 
daughter  Mary  is  the  wife  of  Henry  Loring,  and  now  (18G8) 
lives  in  Brookline,  Massachusetts.  Two  other  daughters  sur- 
vive, namely :  Ann,  wife  of  Rev.  Mr.  Carr,  and  Margaret, 
of  Newton,  Massachusetts,  who  is  unmarried.  There  is,  too, 
a  grandson — Mansfield  Lovell  —  who,  educated  at  his  coun- 
try's expense  for  his  country's  service,  is  a  General  in  the 
Rebel  Army,  and  was  in  command  at  the  capture  of  New 
Orleans,  in  1862. 

Nancy,  (who  married  Mr.  Erving,)  and  Sally,  two  other 
daughters  of  Mr.  Sheaffe,  are  mentioned  in  the  letters  of  their 
brother,  Sir  Roger.  Of  the  former,  her  brother-in-law,  Liv- 
ingston, remarked,  in  1785,  that,  "the  man  she  loves  must  be 


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supremely  blest ;  may  she  make  such  a  wife  as  her  sister  was, 
and  if  her  husband  is  not  then  happy,  he  will  deserve  misery 
supreme."  Mary,  the  last  daughter  of  whom  I  have  any 
knowledge,  died  in  Boston,  in  1814,  aged  seventy-five. 

Sheaffe,  Sir  Roger  Hale,  Baronet.  Of  Boston.  Lieu- 
tenant-General  of  the  British  Army.  Son  of  the  preceding. 
Born  in  Boston,  in  1763.  His  mother,  after  the  death  of  his 
father,  removed  to  the  wooden  house  on  the  corner  of  Colum- 
bia and  Essex  Streets,  which  was  owned  by  her  father,  and 
which,  though  much  altered  in  front,  is  still  (1863)  standing. 
Lord  Percy,  —  afterward  the  Duke  of  Northumberland, — 
hired  quarters  there,  soon  became  att'ached  to  Roger,  and 
assumed  the  care  of  him.  It  would  seem  that  the  original 
intention  of  his  Lordship  was  to  provide  for  the  boy  in  the 
Navy  ;  since,  Mrs.  Sheaflfe  wrote,  in  December,  1776,  she 
was  told  "  Earl  Percy  had  taken  my  son  Roger  from  the 
Admiral's  ship,  given  him  a  commission  in  the  army,  (which 
I  must  not  say  I  am  sorry  for,)  and  sent  him  to  England,  to 
an  academy,  for  education  under  his  patronage."  This  was 
correct.  In  1778  Roger  was  dangerously  ill ;  and,  on  becom- 
ing convalescent,  passed  two  months  in  Devonshire,  with  his 
sister,  Mrs.  Molesworth.  In  a  letter  to  his  mother,  dated 
at  the  Academy,  Little  Chelsea,  early  in  1779,  he  said  :  "  I 
have  heard  from  Tom  several  times.  Lord  Percy  is  as  good 
as  ever.  He  has  given  me  a  commission  in  his  own  regiment, 
the  Fifth,  now  in  the  West  Indies.     I  shall  not  join  it  for  a 

year My  kind  love  to  my  dear  sisters  and  brothers. 

Remember  me  kindly  to  all  my  friends  in  Boston.     You  may 

be  sure  that  I  shall  follow  your  advice  strictly That  I 

may  be  all  that  you  wish,  shall  be  the  endeavor  of  your  most 
dutiful  and  aifectionate  son." 

I  lose  sight  of  Roger  until  May,  1782,  when  he  was  in 
Ireland,  and  when  he  wrote  his  mother  thus :  "  I  send  this 
enclosed  to  my  brother  Tom,  through  whose  hands  I  hope  it 
will  arrive  safe  to  you.  May  you  have  that  satisfaction,  in 
the  midst  of  your  afflictions,  to  bear  with  fortitude,  my  dear 
Mother,  your  present  misfortunes.    The  time  will  come  when 


l\ 


8HEAFFE. 


286 


you  will  experience  happier  days  among  your  friends 

My  Mother  must  be  sensible  that  a  subaltern's  pay  is  seldom 
adequate  to  his  necessary  expenses  ;  otherwise  I  might  be  able 
to  assist  her.  What  I  I.kJ,  when  in  England,  I  gave  to  Tom. 
I,  by  my  imprudence,  incurred  Lord  Percy's  displeasure  in 
England  ;  but  since  we  came  to  Ireland  he  has  generously 
forgiven  me,  and  made  me  a  present  of  £100,  to  pay  my 
debts,  that  the  long  marches  and  my  own  folly  led  me  into ; 
that  hardly  paid  them,  and  provided  me  with  some  clothes  I 
much  wanted.  I  am  in  hopes,  by  my  good  conduct,  to  regain 
his  esteem  ;  which  would,  perhaps,  enable  me  to  assist  my 
Mother.  If  you  would  write  a  few  lines  to  Lord  Percy, 
thanking  him  for  the  favors  he  has  shown  your  child,  it  would 

be  pleasing  to  his  Lordship Let  me  know  what  you 

mean  to  do  with  Billy.     Inform  me  where  Peggy  is 

My  best  love  to  my  brothers  and  sisters." 

In  1786  Captain  Molesworth  said,  in  a  letter  to  his  mother- 
in-law,  Mrs.  Sheaffe :  "  I  am  sorry  to  acquaint  you  that  it  is 
impossible  to  see  you  in  Boston  ;  nor  do  I  think  that  Roger 
can  give  himself  that  pleasure  without  great  injury  to  ^is  in- 
terest. The  Duke  of  Northumberland  has  lodged  money  to 
buy  him  a  Company ;  which,  when  ho  is  in  possession  of,  he 
will  have  it  in  his  power  more  fully  to  manifest  his  affection 
for  so  good  a  mother.  He  is  now  with  us,  and  heartily  joins 
us  in  wishing  you  here  ;  as  application  could  be  made  to  i  'C>v- 
eniment  in  your  behalf,  and  I  have  secured  the  assistance  tnd 
interest  of  my  friend  and  relation,  the  Earl  of  Bellamont,  who 
will  be  happy  to  bear  your  Memorial,  and  with  it  his  best  ser- 
vices  Consider  that  this  matter  cannot  be  done  unless 

you  are  here  ;  that  you  will  have  your  daughter  with  you  ;  as 
also  that  you  will  find  in  this  part  of  the  world  your  son  Hale, 
my  wife,  self,  and  daughter,  in  a  pleasant,  cheap  country  ;  so 
that,  you  see,  by  leaving  Boston  you  do  not  separate  yourself 
from  your  whole  family.  Consult  the  opinions  of  your  I'eal 
friends,  and  no  others."  Some  months  after,  he  mentioned 
the  subject  of  this  notice  thus :  "  I  have  not  heard  from  my 
dear  Roger  since  a  little  time  before  he  left  you  for  Canada ; 


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I  hope  to  God  that  he  is  well ;  a  better  young  follow  does  not 
exist." 

Rojjcr's  sister,  Mrs.  Molesworth,  at  the  same  period,  wrote 
her  mother :  "  Ho  is  as  good  a  young  man  as  ever  lived  ; 
Loi  Percy  continues  his  kindness  to  him  ;  he  improves  very 
mucii,  and  is  a  great  favorite  with  all  his  masters."  Again : 
"  Roger  behaves  remarkably  well ;  is  much  liked  in  the  Regi- 
ment ;  he  is  tall,  well  made,  and  reckoned  handsome ;  very 
lively,  yet  prudent  and  steady  in  matters  of  consequence  ;  he 
wishes,  as  much  as  we  do,  to  go  to  Boston."  Still  again  : 
"■  We  often  build  castles  in  the  air,  and  go  to  Boston  with  a 
large  fortune.  How  happy  we  should  be  could  our  wishes, 
in  that  respect,  be  gratified,  and  how  happy  would  we  make 
many  others.  I  think,  then,  fat  Sally  and  I  would  have  the 
pot  of  ])orter  together  with  a  hearty  laugh." 

The  next  date  is  1791,  when  Lieutenant  Sheaffe  was  at 
Detroit ;  which  post,  the  reader  will  remember,  was  still  held 
by  England,  in  consequence  of  the  disagreements  which  arose 
as  to  the  construction  to  be  given  to  some  of  the  provisions  of 
the  treaty  of  peace.  '♦  I  leave  to  my  dear  Mother,"  he  said, 
"  to  guess  at  the  happiness  I  feel  in  having  something  to  com- 
municate to  her  that  will  give  her  pleasure.  Three  days  since 
I  received  two  letters  from  the  Duke,  [his  patron,  Lord  Percy, 
at  this  time  was  Duke  of  Northumberland,]  written  as  if  you 
had  dictated  their  contents  ;  four  others,  which  he  was  so  good 
as  to  write,  have  miscarried.  In  his  Grace's  first,  which  is  a 
long  letter  on  different  subjects,  he  expresses  his  surprise  and 
disappointment  at  not  being  called  on  for  the  purchase-money 
of  a  Company,  and  tells  me  he  does  not  think  it  an  object  for 

me  to  accept  one  in  the  ne-v  corps In  the  second  letter 

the  Duke  asked,  '  But  how  come  you  not  to  be  a  Captain  ? ' 
And  added  :  '  The  money  is  ready  whenever  you  let  me  hear 
of  a  purchase.  You  may  be  assured  I  shall  watch  your  inter- 
est, and  endeavor  to  act  for  the  best.  You  are  to  have  a  Gov- 
ernor at  Detroit,  to  whom  I  shall  not  fail  to  recommend  you.' 
Again,  wrote  his  Grace :  '  Before  you  receive  this,  I  shall 
lodge  .£50  in  your  Agent's  hands,  which  you  draw  for  as  you 


m 


pii' 


SHEAFFE. 


287 


want,'  "  &c.  In  addition  to  tliis  present,  the  Duko  wished  to 
supply  Lieutenant  SheafFe  witli  some  articles  of  necessity.  A 
case  of  drawing  instruments,  a  few  military  books,  and  a  sash 
were  accepted.  And  these  "  I  should  not  have  prevailed  upon 
myself  to  request,"  continues  Roger,  to  his  mother,  "if  I  could 
have  furnished  myself  with  them  in  this  country Be- 
sides the  above-mentioned  plea  in  behalf  of  my  acceptance,  I 
thought  something  was  due  to  his  Grace's  delicacy  as  well  as 
my  own  ;  and  he  might  have  been  offended  with  a  total  rejec- 
tion of  his  proffered  kindness.    I  own  that  the  decision  was  not 

made  without  some  struggle Twenty  pounds  sterling 

of  his  Grace's  timely  donation  you  may  draw  on  Mr.  E.  for ; 
....  one  fourth  of  which  you  will  be  so  good  as  to  present 
to  my  dear  sister  Sally,  to  purchase  some  memento  of  my 
affection  with I  received,  with  the  Duke's,  two  let- 
ters from  the  warm-hearted  Molesworth  and  your  grandchild. 
Sukey  wrote  to  you  at  the  same  time.  When  I  got  them, 
I  rather  expected  to  hear  from  Boston  than  any  other  place. 
....  If  you  can  share  it  at  present,  let  my  beloved  Nancy 
have  something  for  the  purpose  mentioned,  under  the  article 
—  Sally.    As  for  Helen,  she  must  be  content  with  a  love  that 

knows  no  bounds Eliza  Molesworth  [subsequently 

Mrs.  Bagot,  whose  account  of  her  children  appears  in  this 
notice]  expresses  in  so  pretty  a  manner  of  commencing  a  cor- 
respondence with  Helen,  and  the  pleasure  it  would  give  her, 
that  I  cannot  avoid  taxing  my  sweet  Helen  with  the  task  of 
beginning  it.  Her  affection  for  me  will,  I  trust,  cause  her  to 
comply." 

In  1794,  and  before  the  surrender  of  the  "  Western  Posts," 
as  they  were  called,  we  hear  of  Lieutenant  Sheaffe  again. 
The  lettei's  which  follow  were  addressed  to  Captain  William- 
son :  "  Sir,  —  If,  after  the  information  upon  Avhich  my  letter 
of  the  20th  of  May,  1794,  was  founded,  any  considerable  doubt 
had  remained  of  Governor  Simcoe's  invasion,  your  long  silence 
without  a  refutation  of  it,  and  our  more  recent  intelligence, 
forbid  us  to  question  its  truth.  It  is  supported  by  the  respect- 
able opinions  which  have  been  since  transmitted  to  the  Exec- 


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utivo,  timt,  in  tlie  late  attack  on  Fort  Uecovory,  British  ^fticcrs 
and  British  soKliurs  woro  uti  thu  very  ground,  aiding  our  In- 
dian enciniea. 

"  But,  Sir,  as  if  the  Governor  of  Uj)per  Canada  was  resolved 
to  destroy  every  possihility  of  disbelieving  his  hostile  views, 
ho  has  sent  to  tlie  (xreat  Sodus,  a  settlement  begun  on  a  bay 
of  the  same  name,  on  Lake  Ontario,  a  command  to  ('aptain 
Williamson,  who  derives  a  title  from  the  State  of  New  York, 
to  desist  from  his  enterj)rise.  This  mandate  was  borne  by  a 
Lieutenant  Sheatte,  under  a  military  escort;,  and  in  its  tone 
corresponds  with  the  form  of  its  delivery,  being  unequivocally 
of  a  military  and  hostile  nature. 

^*  I  am  commanded  to  declare  that  during  the  inexecution 
of  the  treaty  of  peace  between  Great  Britain  and  the  United 
States,  and  until  the  existing  differences  respecting  it  shall 
be  mutually  and  finally  adjusted,  the  taking  possession  of  any 
part  of  the  Indian  territory,  either  for  the  purposes  of  war  or 
sovereignty,  is  held  to  be  a  direct  violation  of  his  Britannic 
Majesty's  rights,  as  they  unquestionably  existed  before  the 
treaty,  and  has  an  immediate  tendency  to  interrupt,  and  in  its 
progress  to  destroy,  that  good  understanding  which  has  hith- 
erto subsisted  between  his  Britaimic  Majesty  and  the  United 
States  of  America.     I  therefore  reijuire  you  to  desist  from 
any  such  aggression.      R.  H.  Shkaffe,  Lieut.  5th   Regt., 
and  Qr.  M'r.  Gen.  Dept.  of  his  Britannic  Majesty's  service. 
G.  SoiJUS."      Again,  on  the  same  day  :    "  Sir  ;    Having  a 
special  commission,  and  instructions  for  that  purpose,  from 
the  Lieut.  Governor  of  his  Britaimic  Majesty's  Province  of 
Upper  Canada,  I  have  come  here  to  demand  by  what  author- 
ity an  establishment  has  been  ordered  at  this  place,  and  to 
require  that  such  a  design  be  immediately  relinquished,  for 
the  reasons  stated  in  the  written  declaration  accompanying 
this  letter ;  for  the  receipt  of  which  protest  I  have  taken  the 
acknowledgment  of  your  agent,  Mr.  Little.     I  regret  exceed- 
ingly, in  my  private  as  well  as  public  character,  that  I  have 
not  the  satisfaction  of  seeing  you  here  ;  but  I  hope  on  my  re- 
turn, which  will  be  about  a  week  hence,  to  be  more  fortunate. 


1)1  !  i  ^  I 


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SIIKAFFE. 


289 


I  nm,  Sir,  your  most  obodt.  sorvt.,  R.  11.  Siikafkk,  Lieut.  5tli 
Rcgt.,  Q.  M.  G.  D." 

In  IHOI  he  was  in  service  in  the  attack  on  Copenljaj^en, 
under  Nelson  ;  and  though  poor,  just  one  lialf  of  the  prize- 
money  to  whicli  lie  was  entitled  was  sent  to  liis  relatives  in 
Boston.  The  papers  in  my  possession  are  so  fragmentary 
that  I  lose  sight  of  our  Lieutenant  until  1800,  when,  in  a  let- 
ter dated  at  Montreal,  ho  wrote  :  "  Bo  it  known  to  you,  my 
dear  Mother,  by  these  presents,  that  I,  your  unworthy  and 
beloved  son,  am  in  a  state  that  does  not  justify  the  maternal 
apprehensions  which  appear  to  have  taken  ])ossesaion  of  your 
heart  and  understanding."  .  ..."  I  hope  the  weather  is  not 
too  warm  for  you,  and  that  Sully  dear  is  better  for  a  milder 
season.  My  love  to  her,  to  dear  Helen,  and  the  rest.  Kind- 
est remembrance  to  all  our  friends ;  Lovells,  Cutlers,  Parkers, 
Masons,  —  of  Middle,  West,  South,  and  North  Boston,  &c." 

At  the  capture  of  Little  York,  (now  Toronto,  from  the 
Frei'.ch  Fort  Tarento,)  in  1813,  the  subject  of  this  notice  had 
attained  the  rank  of  Major-Gen eral,  and  commanded  the  Brit- 
ish troops  in  person.  He  lost  his  baggage  and  papers ;  which, 
General  Dearborn  informed  the  Secretary  of  War,  "  were  a 
valuable  acquisition."  The  American  (loneral,  in  liis  de- 
spatch of  April  28th,  charges,  tliat,  when  the  head  of  his 
"columns  was  within  sixty  rods  of  the  enemy,  a  tremendous 
explosion  occurred,  fioin  a  large  n\i\ga/AnG  prcjxtred  for  ihe 
purpose,  which  discharged  such  innnense  ijuantities  of  stone 
as  to  produce  a  most  unfortunate  effect  upon  our  troops." 
He  then  estimates,  or  fears,  that  the  loss  by  this  alleged 
murderous  arrangement  must  exceed  one  hundred ;  and  that 
among  the  slain  he  has  to  lament  General  Pike,  "  who  re- 
ceived such  a  contusion  from  a  large  stone  as  terminated  his 
valuable  life  in  a  few  hours."  British  officers  deny  the  accu- 
sation here  made,  and  aver  that  the  explosion  was  accidental ; 
and  they  prove  the  statement  by  the  fact,  that  sixty  or  sev- 
enty of  their  own  men  perished  with  the  Americans. 

At  this  period,  Lieutenant-General  Scott  was  a  Colonel  and 
a  prisoner ;  and  General  Sheaffe  related  to  him  some  of  the 

VOL.  II.  25 


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circumstances  of  his  military  life :  in  substance,  that  in  1775 
he  was  living  in  Boston  with  his  widowed  mothei*,  with  whom 
Earl  Percy  had  his  quarters  ;  that  his  Lordship  was  very  fond 
of  him,  and  took  him  away  with  a  view  of  providing  for  him, 
which  he  did,  by  giving  him  a  military  education,  and  by 
purchasing  commissions  and  promotion  to  as  high  rank  as  is 
allowed  by  the  rules  of  the  service ;  and  that  the  war  then 
existing  found  him  stationed  in  Canada.  He  stated,  more- 
over, that,  reluctant  to  serve  against  his  own  countrymen,  he 
had  solicited  to  be  employed  elsewhere ;  but  at  tha<  *'  .J  his 
request  had  not  been  granted. 

In  April,  1813,  within  a  week  of  the  fall  of  Little  York, 
we  have  a  letter  from  his  wife's  mother  to  her  niece.  Miss 
Child,  dated  at  Quebec.  "  It  is  possible,"  she  remarked, 
"  you  may  not  have  heard  that  your  cousin.  Sir  Roger  Sheaffe, 
has  had  ihe  title  of  Baronet  of  Great  Britain  conferred  on 
him,  by  our  Prince  Regent: — a  handsome  compliment,  which 
I  trust  will  be  followed  by  something  substantial  to  support 
it."  Sir  Roger  "  is  so  pressed  by  public  business  as  to  allow 
him  scarcely  time  to  attend  to  his  private  concerns."  .... 
"  My  dear  Margaret  is  still  in  Quebec  with  her  lovely  little 
Julia,  as  Upper  Canada,  at  present,  is  the  seat  of  war.  .  .  . 
Her  elevation  of  rank  has  not  in  the  least  deprived  her  of 
her  native  humility  and  meekness.  The  manner  it  was  an- 
nounced to  her  was  rather  singular.  She  was  met  by  a 
gentleman  in  the  street,  as  she  was  going  to  church,  who 
hardly  passed  her,  before  he  turned  about  and  accosted  her  by 
the  title  of  '  Lady  Sheaife ; '  and  put  a  letter  in  her  hand 
from  tlie  Duke  of  Northumberland,  addressed  to  '  Lady 
Sheaffe,'  which  she  received  with  her  usual  equanimity." 

Parts  of  several  letters  from  Sir  Roger  to  his  cousin.  Miss 
Susan  Child,  of  Boston,  which  I  use  here,  will  give  the 
reader  information  of  interest.  The  first  was  written  in 
Canada,  in  September,  1811,  and  prior  to  the  events  just 
recorded.  "  My  heart,"  he  said,  "  acknowledges  with  the 
utmost  warmth  all  the  kind  and  affectionate  attentions  be- 
stowed on  my  dear  departed  Mother,  which  must  have  con- 


y\} 


SHEAFFE. 


291 


tributed  so  cssentiallj  to  her  aid  and  comfort."  Again :  "  I 
have  relinquished  the  command  of  the  19th  Regiment,  and 
with  it,  at  least  half  my  income.  The  expectation  of  my 
friends  here  that  I  should  be  placed  on  the  Staff  (that  is,  be 
employed  as  a  Major-General,)  has  not  been  realized  ;  for,  to 
their  surprise  and  my  mortification,  a  younger  officer  at 
home  has  been  appointed."  In  November  of  the  same  year, 
he  wrote  at  Quebec:  "I  cannot  but  approve  of  the  distribu- 
tion of  my  Mother's  effects The  watch  may  be 

sent  to  me  by  the  first  convenient  opportunity ;  the  picture  of 
myself,  I  transfer  to  sister  Sally ;  the  others,  I  request  that 
Mr.  Lovell  will  take  into  safe  keeping."  In  the  same  letter 
he  speaks  of  his  pecuniary  affa'is  thus:  "In  the  present  re- 
duced state  of  my  income,  I  am  compelled  to  draw  the  whole 
of  it  for  my  own  use,  but  I  have  hopes  that  in  a  short  time  I 
shall  be  enabled  to  send  a  remittance  to  Boston,  to  discharge 
my  debt  to  T.  C.  Amory,  and  to  gratify  my  desire  to  furnish 
to  sister  Sally  dear  a  solid  proof  of  my  aflection."  In  1825 
his  homo  was  in  Edinburgh,  and,  disappointed  in  not  seeing  a 
"  little  party  from  our  town  "  [Boston]  who  called,  but  found 
Ladv  Sheaffe  and  her  three  children  sick,  he  consoled  himself 
with  the  thought  of  meeting  "  Mr.  Palfrey  [Hon.  John  G. 
Palfrey,  of  Boston,]  at  dinner  to-morrow  at  Mr.  Constable's, 
who  has  a  house  near  us  in  the  country." 

Again,  at  Edinburgh,  in  1829  :  "  My  friends  in  general 
seem  to  have  expected  that  the  Duke  of  Northumberland's 
recent  appointment  would  be  productive  of  benefit  to  me ;  but 
it  unfortunately  happens  that  he  has  nothing  in  his  gift  suitable 
to  a  military  man  of  my  rank :  he  has  asked  for  a  Regiment 
or  Government  for  me,  and  it  is  probable,  with  my  admitted 
claims,  that  I  shall'get  one  or  the  other,  if  I  do  not  give  them 
the  slip  too  soon ;  my  health  has  not  been  very  good  of  late 
years,"  &c.,  &c.  In  1841 :  "  You  refer  to  past  melancholy 
events,  on  which  I  do  not  wish  to  dwell.  The  year  1834 
was  indeed  a  sad  one  :  in  it  we  lost  the  last  of  our  children  ; 
and  in  the  same  year  died  my  sister  Moles  worth  ;  a  brother 
of  Lady   Sheaffe's;   my  late  brother  William's  eldest  son, 


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named  after  me,  a  Captain  in  the  Army ;  and  also  Lord 
Craigie,  the  brother  of  your  cousin,  Mrs.  Craigie's  husband, 
and  the  chief  stay  of  her  numerous  family  —  an  income  of 
£2000  a  year  having  died  with  him."  His  own  health  at 
this  period  had  improved,  for  —  "I  retain  a  good  share  of 
activity,  as  well  as  of  ei'ect  military  carriage ;  my  sight  is 
good ;  my  teeth  in  a  state  to  create  envy  in  a  majority  of 
American  misses  ;  my  appetite  never  fails  ;  and  I  sleep  well." 
In  January,  1842,  he  spoke  of  William,  eldest  surviving  son 
of  his  brother  William,  thus  :  "  He  is  my  natural  heir ;  and 
having  adopted  him  when  he  was  ten  years  of  age  ;  and,  it 
having  pleased  God  to  take  all  my  children  from  me,  I  regard 
him  as  a  son.     He  has  a  dear  little  wife,  worthv  of  him." 

Of  the  nine  remaining  years  of  Sir  Roger's  life  I  know 
nothing.  He  died  at  Edinburgh,  in  1851,  aged  eighty-eight. 
He  visited  Boston,  his  native  town,  four  times ;  namely,  in 
1788,  in  1792-3,  in  1803,  and  Ih  1806.  The  incidents  which 
ai'e  preserved  of  these  reunions  with  his  kindred  show  that 
he  was  respected  and  loved  to  a  very  remarkable  degree. 
One  of  his  kinswomen,  who  saw  him  first  on  his  second  visit, 
and  who  still  survives  (1864),  thus  speaks  of  him :  "  He  was, 
indeed,  the  idol  of  family  and  friends.  His  heart  was  as 
tender  and  affectionate  as  a  woman's,  joined  to  the  noblest 
principles  of  honor  and  generosity.  His  disposition  was 
cheerful,  and  his  manner  often  playful.  He  was  of  middling 
stature,  and  his  person  was  well  formed.  His  face  was  fine, 
his  eyes  of  the  deepest  blue,  full  and  prominent ;  and  his 
teeth  were  of  the  purest  white,  regular  and  even,  and  were 
retained  to  a  late  period,  if  not  to  the  close  of  his  life. 

Lfifly  Sheaffe  was  Margaret,  daughter  of  John  Coffin,  and 
a  cousin  of  Lieutenant-General  John,  and  of  Admiral  Sir 
Isaac  Coffin.  She  was  the  mother  of  four  children,  who,  as 
we  have  just  seen,  died  before  her  husband.  The  remains  of 
Sir  Roger's  father  and  mother,  of  his  brother  Thomas  Child, 
of  his  sisters  Helen,  Sally,  Nancy,  and  Margaret,  and  of  others 
of  his  lineage,  were  deposited  in  the  Child  Tomb,  Trinity 
Church,  Boston. 


:ii. 


SHEAFFE. 


293 


\ 


To  Miss  Isabella  Child,  of  Cambridge,  to  my  excellent 
and  nearest  neighbor,  Thomas  Hale  Child,  of  Roxbury,  and 
to  Miss  Mary  P.  Hale,  of  Boston,  who  are  relatives  of  the 
Baronet,  I  am  indebted  for  the  several  papers  nsed  in  the 
notices  of  the  SheafFes.  As  once  mentioned,  these  papers  are 
fragmentary ;  but  they  are  still  valuable.  I  have  not  felt  at 
liberty  to  quote  from  some  of  the  most  interesting  of  the 
letters,  because  of  the  private  nature  of  the  contents,  but  my 
selections  are  sufficient,  and  of  a  character,  I  trust,  to  show 
that  the  members  of  this  Loyalist  family  were  good  and  affec- 
tionate. The  absence  of  bitter  words  against  the  Whigs,  and 
of  undue  lamentations  in  misfortune  or  suffering,  is  very 
marked  throughout. 

Sheaffe,  Nathaniel.  Of  Boston.  Oldest  brother  of 
Sir  Roger.  He  was  a  clerk  in  the  Custom-House  for  some 
time  ;  but,  at  the  death  of  his  father,  in  1771,  he  probably 
lefl,  in  order  to  better  provide  for  his  mother  and  sisters,  of 
whom  he  had  the  care.  In  December,  1776,  Mrs.  Sheaffe 
said :  "  Nat  was  well  in  Jamaica,  last  October,  doing  busi- 
ness, and  where  I  am  told  he  intends  to  stay  till  the  times 
will  permit  him  to  come  here  ;  am  only  uneasy  about  his 
health,  though  he  has  been  a  good  deal  in  the  West  Indies, 
and  never  was  better." 

On  the  29th  of  January,  following,  Mrs.  Fitch,  who  had 
been  in  Boston,  but  belonged  to  Jamaica,  announced  to 
Mrs.  Sheaffe,  that  "  her  truly  amiable  and  worthy,  son  Na- 
thaniel, died  on  the  25th  inst.,  on  his  passage  to  Hispaniola, 
and  was  buried  in  the  churchyard  at  Morant  Bay,  in  this 
island." 

Sheaffe,  Thomas  Child.  Of  Boston.  Brother  of  Sir 
Roger.  In  1779  he  was  in  New  York,  and,  as  his  mother  was 
informed,  was  "  about  setting  up  business  there."  In  July, 
1783,  she  wrote  her  brother,  for  whom  this  son  was  named : 
"  We  have  just  received  a  letter  from  Tom,  dated  June  13th, 
Cape  Francois.  He  left  Charleston  soon  after  they  heard  of 
peace,  with  a  cargo  for  the  West  Indies,  and  to  bring  rum  to 
some  port  on  his  way  home  ;  but  he  now  writes  he  shall 
25* 


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294 


SHECK.  — SHEDDEN. 


return  to  Charleston  to  settle  some  matters  and  then  come 
home."   Mr.  SiieafFe  died  in  Boston  previous  to  the  year  1793. 

Sheck,  Christopher.  Served  in  the  contest;  at  the 
peace  retired  to  New  Brunswick,  and  died  at  Sussex  Vale, 
1.841,  aged  eighty-six. 

Shedden,  Robert.  Of  Portsmouth,  Virginia.  Mer- 
chant. He  acted  so  far  with  the  Whigs,  at  first,  as  to  sign 
the  Continental  Association.  But  he  violated  his  pledge  pre- 
vious to  Januaiy,  1776,  at  which  time  a  Committee  of  the 
Virginia  Convention  reported  that  he  had  ordered  his  agent 
at  Glasgow  to  ship  him  large  quantities  of  goods,  and  that 
certain  of  his  property  had  therefore  become  justly  forfeited  to 
the  Colony.  Mr.  Shedden,  with  his  wife  and  two  young 
children,  took  immediate  refuge  on  board  of  a  sloop  in  the 
harbor  of  Norfolk  which  belonged  to  the  fleet  under  Lord 
Dunmore. 

He  was  tried  in  Norfolk  County,  April,  1776,  on  the  charge 
of  "  being  inimical  to  the  rights  and  liberties  of  America," 
and  acquitted ;  but  in  June  of  that  year  the  Virginia  Con- 
vention ordered  that  he  "  be  confined  to  such  parts  of  the 
county  of  Dinwiddie  as  shall  be  ten  miles  distant  from  Ap- 
pamattox  River "  ;  that  he  remove  in  fifteen  days ;  and  that 
he  give  his  parole  not  to  injure  the  Whig  cause  in  any  man- 
ner whatever.  Later  the  same  year  he  was  a  Refugee  at 
Bermuda.  He  returned  to  the  United  States,  and,  while  the 
Royal  Army  occupied  New  York,  lived  in  that  city.  At  the 
evacuation,  he  went  to  England,  and  established  a  commer- 
cial house  in  London  of  the  first  respectability.  His  property 
in  Virginia  was  confiscated.  He  died  in  1826,  aged  eighty- 
five.  Agatha  Wells,  his  widow,  and  daughter  of  John  Good- 
rich, of  Nansemond  Plantation,  Virginia,  died  at  Stalwoods, 
Isle  of  Wight,  in  1838,  aged  eighty-six.  There  is  a  monu- 
ment to  his  memory,  with  a  long  and  highly  commendatory 
inscription  in  Paulerspuny  Church.  I  find  mention  of  four 
sons,  as  follows :  George,  successor  to  his  estate ;  Robert, 
Deputy  Lieutenant  and  Sheriff  of  Southampton  County,  Eng- 
land ;  Robert,  Colonel  in  the  British  Army,  married  a  daugh- 


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SHELTON.—  SIIERBROOKi:. 


295 


ter  of  Matthew  Lewis,  Under  Secretary  of  War ;  and  William, 
merchant  in  London,  married  a  daughter  of  Captain  Miller, 
Royal  Navy. 

Shelton,  Isaac  W.  Of  Bristol,  Connecticut.  He  joined 
the  British  on  Long  Island,  and  conducted  the  party  that 
burned  Danbury.  Guilty  of  other  treasonable  conduct,  he 
was  arrested  and  convicted,  and  ordered  to  confine  himself 
to  the  county  of  Hartford.  He  finally  settled  in  Bristol,  and 
acquired  a  valuable  property.  Ho  died  in  1831,  aged  seventy- 
five.     He  was  the  father  of  four  children. 

Shelton,  Jeremiah.  Served  during  the  contest  as  an 
officer  in  a  Loyalist  corps,  and  at  its  close  settled  in  New 
Brunswick.  He  died  at  Portland,  in  that  Colony,  in  1819, 
aged  sixty-four.     He  received  half-pay. 

Shepard,  John.  Of  New  Hampshire.  "  Called  the  in- 
famous John  Shepard  "  by  the  Committee  of  Safety.  In 
October,  1776,  he  deserted  from  the  Whig  Army,  and  went 
to  New  York.  Soon  after,  he  was  appi'ehended  with  orders 
sewed  in  his  breeches  to  enlist  men  for  Sir  William  Howe, 
and  committed  to  jail  in  Connecticut.  He  escaped,  but  was 
again  seized  and  sent  to  prison  in  Exeter ;  and  though  M'ith 
irons  on  his  hands  and  feet  and  chained  to  the  floor,  he  escaped 
a  second  time. 

Sheppard,  Nathan.  Of  Montgomery  County,  Pennsyl- 
vania. Abandoned  the  country,  and  was  reduced  from  in- 
dependence to  utter  poverty.  He  returneci  to  Maryland. 
His  son  Moses,  a  man  distinguished  for  benevolence,  and  the 
founder  of  the  "  Sheppard  Asylum  "  for  the  insane,  died  at 
Baltimore,  in  1857,  aged  eighty-three. 

Sherbrooke,  Miles.  Of  New  York.  Merchant,  and  an 
original  member  of* the  Chamber  of  Commerce.  Like  Low, 
and  several  others  spoken  of  in  this  work,  he  seems  to  have 
been  at  first  inclined  to  the  popular  side,  since  he  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Committee  of  Fifty  raised  in  that  city,  to  correspond 
with  our  sister  Colonies.  Associated  with  him  were  the  illus- 
trious Jay,  and  the  renowned  Isaac,  or  King  Sears. 

In  1776  he  removed  from  the  city  to  Long  Island,  where, 


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296 


SHERIDAN.  —  SHERLOCK. 


by  order  of  Washington,  he  was  arrested  and  sent  to  Fish- 
kill.  In  December  of  that  year  he  applied  to  the  Committee 
of  Safety  for  release,  and  was  allowed  to  live  at  Middletown, 
Connecticut,  on  parole. 

A  party  went  to  the  house  in  which  he  lodged  in  1778,  and 
in  the  alarm  he  fled  to  the  attic,  where  he  was  found  shivering 
with  cold  ;  seized  and  allowed  to  put  on  his  clothes,  he  was 
borne  off'  prisoner.  He  died  in  West  Chester  County,  in 
1805,  aged  seventy-one. 

Sheridan,  Hknry  F.  Major  of  the  New  York  Volun- 
teei's,  or  Third  American  Regiment.  He  was  in  the  battle  of 
Eutaw  Springs,  1781,  and  was  commended  even  by  Whig 
officers  for  his  good  conduct ;  he  took  possession  of  a  brick 
house,  jxnd  with  swivels  and  muskets  "  poured  his  fire  in  every 
direction  without  cessation."     A  British  account  follows :  — 

"  The  flank  battalion,  whose  post  had  been  passed  undis- 
covered by  the  main  body  of  the  enemy,  wheeled  round,  and 
coming  in  the  rear  of  the  enemy,  threw  them  into  confusion, 
which  being  increased  by  the  fire  from  the  New  York  Volun- 
teers, under  the  command  of  Major  Sheridan,  who  had  taken 
post  in  a  stone-house  on  the  open  ground  upon  the  right  of 
the  I'oad,  decided  the  action.  Incessant  peals  of  musquetry 
from  the  windows  poured  destruction  upon  the  enemy,  and 
effectually  stopped  their  further  progress.  Although  severely 
checked,  the  Americans  were  not  discouraged  ;  and  brought  up 
four  six-pounders  to  batter  the  house,  but  the  fire  of  Sheridan 
was  so  well  supported  that  the  American  artillery  soon  became 
useless,  and  most  of  the  officers  and  men  attached  to  it  were 
either  killed  or  wounded." 

Sherlock,  John.  Of  Accomac  County,  Virginia.  The 
Whig  Committee  denounced  him  in  1776,  for  his  defection 
from  the  popuhar  cause.  Several  witnesses  testified,  in  sub- 
stance, that  in  different  conversations  Sherlock  had  said,  all 
who  opposed  "  the  ministerial  measures  with  America  were 
Rebels ;  that  he  should  be  employed  hereafter  in  hanging  them  ; 
ai.d  that,  if  no  hemp  could  be  got,  he  had  plenty  of  flax  grow- 
ing."    The  Whigs,  subsequently,  earned  him  to  the  Liberty- 


SHERMAN.—  SHIPPEN. 


297 


pole,  where  he  made  a  written  recantation,  which  was  pub- 
lished with  the  proceedings  against  him. 

Shkrman,  Ambrose.  In  1782  he  was  a  Lieutenant  in  the 
Royal  Fencible  Americans,  and  Surgeon's  Mate  of  that  corps. 
He  settled  in  New  Brunswick,  and  received  lu^lf-pay.  His 
wife  was  a  Miss  McLane,  of  Boston.  He  was  drowned  at 
Burton. 

Sheuwin,  Richard.  Of  Boston.  Was  proscribed  and 
banished  in  1778.     He  died  at  New  York  in  1788. 

Sherwood,  Abijah,  Jonathan,  and  Justus,  were  gran- 
tees of  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  in  1783.  The  latter  died 
in  King's  County,  1836,  at  the  age  of  eighty-four. 

Shewell,  Joseph  and  Stephen.  Of  Philadelphia.  Mer- 
chants. In  1776  they  were  accused  of  violating  certain  reg- 
ulations adopted  by  the  Whigs  relative  to  the  sale  and  price 
of  merchandise  ;  and,  by  order  of  the  Pennsylvania  Conven- 
tion, guards  were  placed  over  their  stores,  and  they  were  pub- 
lished as  enemies  to  their  country.  Stephen  was  at  Philadel- 
phia, January,  1783. 

Shieve,  Thomas.  An  Ensign  in  De  Lancey's  Second  Bat- 
talion.    At  the  peace,  settled  in  Nova  Scotia. 

Shipman,  William.  Of  New  York.  Merchant.  At 
the  peace,  accompanied  by  his  family  and  two  servants,  he 
went  from  New  York  to  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  where  he 
held  an  office  under  the  Crown.  He  returned  to  the  United 
States. 

Shippen,  Edward,  LL.  D.  Chief  Justice  of  Pennsyl- 
vania. Born  at  Philadelphia  in  1729.  Completed  his  legal 
studies  in  the  Temple,  London.  The  following  extracts  from 
his  letters  will  afford  the  reader  interesting  incidents  of  his 
own  life,  and  of  his  time.  At  London,  in  1749,  he  wrote  his 
father,  Edward  Shippen  :  "  I  am  sorry  that  I  have  to  inform 
you  that  I  am  disappointed  in  my  expectations  of  being  called 
to  the  Bar  at  this  term ;  the  occasion  of  it,  I  could  not  pos- 
sibly prevent.  Every  student,  before  he  comes  to  the  Bar,  is 
obliged  to  perform  six  vacation  exercises,  three  candlelight 
exercises,  and  two  new-inn  exercises ;  which  he  is  not  allowed 


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SHIPPEN. 


to  do  alone,  but  must  be  joined  with  another  student.  I  !iad 
calculated  matters  so  as  to  have  j)erformed  them  all  before  the 
end  of  this  term  ;  but,  unluckily  for  me,  the  gentleman  who 
was  my  companion  in  the  exercises,  having  some  engagements 
in  the  country,  could  not  attend  at  the  time  appointed  for  the 
performance  of  one  of  the  vacation  exercises,  which  obliged 
me  to  defer  that  duty  until  next  vacation.  So  that  it  will  be 
Easter  Term  before  I  can  be  possibly  called,  unless  I  consent 
to  compound  for  vacation  exercises,  which  would  cost  me  near 
twenty  pounds.  I  believe  I  must  stay  and  see  it  out,  and 
depend  on  your  goodness  to  send  me  about  X30  upon  my 
coming  away.  According  to  my  calculation,  that  amount, 
together  with  the  money  you  have  already  favored  me  with, 
and  the  X20  you  order  Storke  to  let  me  have,  will  suffice, 
with  frugality,  to  maintain  me  till  my  departure,  and  defray 
the  expenses  of  my  being  called  to  the  Bar.  All  that  I  shall 
then  want  further  will  be  some  j£30  or  .£40  for  my  gown 
and  tie-wig,  a  suit  of  clothes,  my  sea-stores,  and  passage." 
Again,  at  Philadelphia,  in  1755 :  "  Tommy  Willing  has 
still  some  of  the  old  wine,  but  no  doubt  the  best  pipes  have 
been  culled  out."  Still  again,  in  1756  :  "  ITor  my  part  I  am 
not  anxious  to  be  in  the  House.  A  seat  there  would  give  me 
much  trouble,  take  a  great  deal  of  my  time,  and  yield  no 
advantage  to  my  family,  whose  good  I  am  bound  first  to  con- 
sult. And  really,  in  these  times,  it  is  no  easy  matter  to  pro- 
vide as  one  would  wish  for  an  increasing  family.  However, 
as  our  friends  thought  it  was  necessary  I  should  stand  for 
Lancaster,  I  gave  my  consent,  and  am  still  willing  to  stand  if 
there  is  any  chance  of  succeeding."  In  1759  he  wrote  :  "  I 
enclose  you  a  party  paper  for  your  amusement ;  the  authors 
are  said  to  be  Wm.  Franklin,  Jos.  Galloway,  and  George 
Bryan,  but  I  know  not  with  what  justice.  The  introduc- 
tion, and  the  letter  from  Montreal,  are  said  to  be  wrote  by  an 
older  hand.  The  difference  between  them  and  the  other 
parts  of  the  paper  is  very  apparent.  If  a  superlative  degree 
of  scurrility  is  wit,  I  think  the  piece  has  merit.  Read  and 
judge."     A  year  later :  "  I  have  got  a  Turkey  carpet,  which 


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SHIPPEN. 


299 


comes  very  high,  but  there  is  no  more  for  sale,  so  tliat  if 
you  liave  a  mind  for  a  handsome  Scotch  carpet,  please  to  send 
me  an  account  of  the  size  you  would  have  it,  and  I  will  buy 
one  and  send  it  up.  Those  are  the  sorts  most  used  here."  In 
1777  :  "  The  complexion  of  the  times  is  still  bad.  I  know  not 
when  there  will  be  any  alteration  for  the  better.  Philadel- 
phia will  be  as  a  place  besieged  by  the  American  Army,  and 
the  country  will  be  laid  waste  by  the  two  contending  parties. 
In  this  dreadful  situation  of  affairs,  I  am  at  a  loss  to  know 
how  to  dispose  of  my  family.  Advantages  and  disadvantages 
present  themselves  by  turns,  whether  I  determine  to  remain 
in  Philadelphia  or  remove  to  a  distance.  We  must  make  the 
best  of  it.  1  presume  your  office  will  get  into  other  hands.  I 
undei'stand  Peter  Hoofnagle  intends  to  stand  candidate  for  it ; 
you  can  certainly  not  expect  it  unless  you  give  up  the  old 
Government,  and  swear  allegiance  to  the  new  one,  together 
with  the  oath  of  abjuration  of  King  George  the  Third.  In 
these  times  I  shall  consider  a  private  station  as  a  post  of 
honor,  and  if  I  cannot  i-aise  my  fortune  as  high  as  my  desires, 
I  can  bring  down  my  desires  to  my  fortune :  '  the  wants  of 
our  nature  arc  easily  supplied,  and  the  rest  is  but  folly  and 
care.'  "  In  December,  1778  :  "  The  conunon  articles  of  life, 
such  as  are  absolutely  necessary  for  a  family,  ai*e  not  much 
higher  here  than  at  Lancaster  ;  but  the  style  of  life  my  fashion- 
able daughters  have  introduced  into  my  family,  and  their 
dress,  will,  I  fear,  before  long,  oblige  mo  to  change  the  scene. 
Tte  expense  of  supporting  my  family  here  will  not  fall  short 
of  four  or  five  thousand  pounds  per  annum,  —  an  expense 
msupportable  without  business."  Again,  in  the  same  letter : 
'•  I  gave  my  daughter  Betsy  to  Neddy  Burd  last  Thursday 
evening,  and  all  is  jollity  and  mirth.  My  youngest  daughter 
is  much  solicited  by  a  certain  General  [Arnold]  on  the 
same  subject ;  whether  this  will  take  place  or  not  depends 
upon  circumstances,"  &c. 

These  letters  were  all  addressed  to  his  father,  and  the  first 
excepted,  dated  at  Philadelphia.  Edward  Shippen,  senior, 
wrote  to  Colonel  Burd,  January  2, 1779  :  "  We  understand 


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SIIIPPEN.  — SHOALS. 


that  General  Arnold,  a  fine  gentleman,  lays  close  siege  to 
Peggy  ;  and  if  so,  there  will  soon  be  another  match  in  the 
family."  The  father  of  Peggy  never  thought  her  suitor  a 
"  fine  gentleman,"  and  the  marriage  was  in  oi)i)osition  to  his 
judgment.     [See  Margaret  Arnold.'] 

The  family  of  the  subject  of  this  notice,  at  the  period  of 
the  Revolution,  was  of  the  highest  respectability,  as  the  de- 
scendants still  are.  Mr.  Shippen  remained  in  Philadelphia, 
after  its  evacuation  by  the  Royal  Army.  While  it  was  held 
by  the  British  troops,  he  maintained  close  intimacy  with  the 
officers,  and  his  daughter,  the  future  wife  of  Arnold,  was  by 
them  highly  admired  and  flattered.  The  judicial  career  of 
the  Ciiief  Justice  was  brief;  he  was  appointed  in  1799,  and 
resigned  in  1806.  Ho  died  the  last  mentioned  year,  aged 
seventy-seven.  He  was  a  man  of  learning  and  integrity,  of 
gentle  and  refined  manners,  of  benevolent  and  humane  disposi- 
tion. His  wife  was  Margaret,  daughter  of  Tench  Francis, 
Attorney-General  of  Pennsylvania,  and  of  the  lineage  of  Sir 
Philip  Francis,  K.  G.  C.  B.,  one  of  the  supposed  authors  of 
"  Junius."  Judge  Shippen's  children  were  nine  :  namely, 
Eliziibeth,  who  married  Edward  Burd,  a  Major  in  the  Con- 
tinental Army  ;  Sarah,  who  married  Thomas  Lea ;  Edward, 
who  married  Elizabeth  Footman  ;  Mary,  who  married  Doctor 
William  Mcllvaine  ;  James ;  Margaret,  second  wife  of  Bene- 
dict Arnold  ;  Rachael  Francis,  who  married  fii*st,  John  Relfe, 
and  second,  Matthew  Pearce  ;  Turbutt  Francis,  who  was  a 
Colonel  in  the  British  Army,  and  whose  wife  was  Rebecca, 
only  daughter  of  Samuel  Mifflin  ;  and  Philip,  who  married 
Miss  Goldsborough,  a  cousin.  Philip  Francis  Thomas,  late 
Governor  of  Maryland,  is  a  descendant  of  the  last  mentioned 
son. 

Shoals,  John.  Of  Newtown,  New  York.  In  1776 
arrested  and  sent  to  the  Continental  Congress.  Ordered  back, 
and  placed  under  guard  by  the  Convention  of  New  York. 
Petitioned  for  release,  and  finally  discharged  on  parole,  on 
payment  of  expenses.  In  1779  his  name  appears  at  the  head 
of  the  Addressers  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Sterling. 


SHOCKEY.  —  SHOEMAKER. 


801 


h$ 


SiiocKEY,  Valentink.  Of  Maryland.  IIo  was  at  tl>e 
head  of  a  banditti  in  York  County,  Pennsylvania,  tliat  debased 
tlio  Continental  currency  by  counterfeits.  Able  and  daring, 
the  authorities  had  not  been  able  to  arrest  him  as  lute  as  June, 
1780.  One  person,  however,  whom  he  seduced  to  aid  him, 
confessed  his  crime  on  promise  of  "  being  made  an  approver," 
and  was  convicted  ;  but  to  be  pardoned  on  contlition  that  he 
ai)peared  against  Shockey  whenever  he  should  be  appre- 
hended. 

SiioKMAKEK,  JosEi'ii.  Of  Philadelphia.  Brother  of  Sam- 
uel, lie  acted  with  the  Whigs,  and  held  a  commission  in 
their  service,  until  the  Declaration  of  Independence.  After 
joining  their  opponents  he  made  trading  trips  from  Philadel- 
phia to  Virginia  for  a  time  ;  but  was  finally  captured  by  a 
British  vessel-of-war  and  carried  to  New  York,  when  he  ac- 
cepted the  conunand  of  a  privateer,  and  commenced  depreda- 
tions on  the  property  of  his  former  political  friends.  In  1780 
his  vessel  was  taken  by  John  Walker,  and  arrived  safely  in 
Baltimore.  When  examined,  he  confessed  the  facts  here  stat- 
ed, and  said  his  course  was  justifiable.  Proceedings  against 
him  for  treason  ;  surrendered  himself,  and  was  discharged. 

Shoemaker,  Samuel.  Of  Philadelphia.  An  Alderman 
of  the  city.  Distinguished  for  his  zeal  on  the  side  of  the 
Crown.  Attainted  of  treason  and  estate  confiscated.  Em- 
barked at  Philadelphia,  June,  1778.  In  1783  Ezekiel  Robins, 
at  New  York,  wrote  the  President  of  Pennsylvania  that  Mr. 
Shoemaker  had  exerted  himself  for  the  relief  of  Whig  prison- 
ers ;  and  that,  by  his  intercessions  with  the  Admiral,  numbers 
had  been  liberated  and  sent  home.  When  about  to  sail  for 
England,  (August,  1783,)  his  son  informed  William  Moore, 
Vice-President  of  the  Council  of  Pennsylvania,  that  the  papers 
in  his  possession  which  related  to  the  city  would  be  cheerfully 
surrendered  to  any  person  authorized  to  receive  them.  While 
in  London  he  was  much  consulted  by  the  Commissioners  ap- 
pointed to  pass  upon  the  claims  of  Loyalists  for  losses,  and  was 
admitted  to  a  private  interview  with  the  King.  The  British 
Government  made  him  a  liberal  compensation  for  his  losses. 

VOL.  II.  26 


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SHOEMAKER.  —  SIMPSON. 


He  ventured  to  return  to  Philndelpliia  in  17H9,  and  "  was 
thought  to  bo  in  mucli  danger  "  ;  but  was  treated  with  civility, 
even  by  the  mo.st  violent. 

SiioKMAKRR,  Runoi.PH.  A  mngistrnte,  of  Tryon,  (now 
Montgomery,)  County,  New  York.  In  1775  he  signed  n  Dec- 
laration of  devotion  to  the  Crown,  and  expressed  his  abhor- 
rence of  Whig  measures.  It  was  at  his  house,  I  su|)|)osc,  that 
Walter  N.  Butler  and  his  party  were  captured  in  1777,  by  a 
detachment  of  Whigs  sent  out  by  Colonel  Weston. 

SiioTTowK,  Thomas.  Of  South  Carolina.  Was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Council,  and  Secretary  of  the  ('olony. 

SiLcox, .     Ensign  in  the  Florida  Rangers.     Killed 

in  1780,  in  the  attack  on  Augusta,  Georgia. 

SiLSHY,  Daniel.  Of  Boston.  An  Addresser  of  Hutcliin- 
son  in  1774.  In  1776  he  was  in  England.  In  1778  he  was 
proscribed  and  banished.     He  died  in  Flanders  in  1791. 

Silvester,  Richard.  Of  Massachusetts.  The  last  Roval 
officer  of  the  Customs  at  Cape  Ann,  or  Gloucester.  Arrested, 
and  held  as  a  prisoner  at  large,  without  any  allowance  ;  and, 
destitute  of  employment  and  of  money,  he  applied  to  the  Coun- 
cil for  leave  to  depart  the  Slate.  His  request  was  granted  in 
October,  1770. 

SiMMONDS,  William.  In  1770  he  embarked  at  Boston 
with  the  British  Army,  for  Halifax.  He  may  have  settled 
in  New  Brunswick.  The  son  of  a  Loyalist  of  Massachusetts 
remembers  that  a  fellow-exile  of  his  father's,  of  this  name, 
died  on  the  river  St.  John  about  the  year  1790. 

Simmons,  Morris.  Of  Duchess  County,  New  York. 
Refugee  in  Suffolk  County,  and  lived  alone.  O'  ouplyd  the 
)»ouse  of  one  Strong,  "a  Rrbd."  Had  notice  to  qui.  As- 
sailed, wounded  in  the  knee,  stabbed  in  seve'.  I  i>)i<":s.  ,.iid 
brains  beaten  out,  in  1779. 

Simpson,  James.  Last  Royal  Attorney-General  of  South 
Carolina.  Went  to  England.  At  the  peace  he  was  appointed 
by  i-'e  Loyalists  of  South  Carolina  who  had  suffered  losses, 
agofit  t.  orosf'cute  their  claims  to  compensation.  He  died  in 
Cl»^ic(  ry  i.ane,  London,  in  1815,  aged  seventy-seven. 


e|  ii!i|. 


SIMPSON. 


808 


SiMPHON,  Jonathan  jijul  John.  C>f  B(«t«»n.  Jonathan 
graduatt'd  at  Harvard  UniverHty  in  177  "  nas  an  Addrcssor 
of  Hutcliinson  in  1774;  was  proscrilicd  and  banislifd  in  1T7H  ; 
and  was  a  Commissary  of  Provisions  in  tlio  British  Army. 
He  returned  to  Boston,  and  died  there,  in  1H!J4,  agrd  eighty- 
four. 

Of  John,  four  incidents  are  to  be  recorded.  He  was  at 
ri'vi(I,r,ce,  Rhode  Island,  on  business,  just  before  the  con- 
troversy came  to  blows  ;  and  finding  one  morning  that  his 
.loors  and  window-shutters  had  been  tarred  and  feathered,  he 
iuisteni'd  back  to  Boston.  In  177(5  ho  embarked  with  tho 
British  Army  for  Halifax,  accompanied  by  his  family.  Later 
in  the  war,  I  suppose,  he  was  in  South  Carolina,  since  it  's 
certain  that  John  Gray,  of  Boston,  purchased  a  jdantation 
there  of  which  he  was  half-owner.  The  fourth  item,  as  wil 
be  seen,  relates  to  Jonathan  as  well  as  to  liim :  — 

'*  Resolve,  granting  $:{000  to  Joseph  Barrell,  June  21, 1707. 
Whereas  Samuel  Henshaw  and  Samuel  Barrett,  Es(j'rs,  did, 
in  June,  1782,  on  behalf  of  said  Commonwealth,  and  as  their 
agents  for  the  sale  of  absentees'  estates,  convey,  by  deed,  to 
Joseph  Barrell,  two  thirds  of  a  certain  store,  and  the  land  un- 
der and  adjoining  the  same,  as  the  estate  of  John  and  Jona- 
than Simpson,  late  of  Boston,  and  absentees  ;  and  whereas 
the  said  Barrell  has  been  ejected  from  part  of  the  same  by  a 
judgment  of  the  Supreme  Judicial  Court,  as  set  forth  in  said 
Barren's  petition  ;  therefore, 

^^Ite-Holved,  That  there  be  allowed  and  paid  out  of  tho 
Treasury  of  the  said  Commonwealth,  three  thousand  dollars 
to  the  said  Joseph  Barrell,  in  full  for  the  damages  he  has  sus- 
tained by  reason  of  his  having  been  ejected  from  a  part  there- 
of, as  aforesaid.  W-hich  sum,  when  paid,  shall  be  in  full  of 
all  claims  and  demands  of  said  Barrell  on  the  Commonwealth 
relating  to  the  premises." 

SiMPtioN,  John.  Of  Sabine  Fields,  Georgia.  Member  of 
House  of  AssomMy,  in  176(5,  and  Speaker  the  foUowhig  year. 
Attainted  of  treason,  and  estates  in  Georgia  and  in  South 
Carolina  confiscated. 


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SIMPSON.  -  SKENE, 


Simpson,  William  B.  Of  Rhode  Island.  Went  to  Eng- 
land, and  subsisted  on  a  small  pittance  from  the  Government. 
Originally  an  actor ;  studied  law,  and  practised  in  Rhode 
Island.     He  died  in  banishment. 

Simpson,  James.  Of  South  Carolina.  After  the  fall  of 
Charleston  appointed  Intendent  of  the  Board  of  Police.  He 
framed  a  table,  in  which  the  depreciation  of  the  paper  cur- 
rency, at  different  periods,  was  ascertained,  and  by  whic'ii  the 
Loyalists,  who  had  siistained  losses  by  payments  in  that  cur- 
I'ency,  were  induced  to  hope  for  compensation.  The  plan 
seemed  to  promise  well ;  but  when  tried,  caused  much  mis- 
chief; many  suits  were  commenced,  and  several  persons  were 
utterly  ruined.  In  1781  he  and  the  commandant  of  the  gar- 
rison assured  the  ill-fated  Hayne,  when  he  subscribed  the  oath 
of  allegiance,  that  he  would  not  be  required  to  bear  arms  in 
support  of  the  Royal  Government. 

Simpson,  .     A  Captpin  in  the  Georgia  Loyalists. 

Killed  at  the  siege  of  Savannah,  1779. 

Simpson,  Willia:\i.  Of  Cumberland  County,  Pennsyl- 
vania. Attainted,  and  estate  confiscated.  William.  Of 
Boston.  A  merchant,  proscribed  and  banished.  A  person 
named  William  Simpson,  who  served  under  Lord  Cornwaliis 
as  an  officer  of  Artillery,  went  to  England,  was  a  paper  man- 
ufacturer, and  died  in  Wales,  in  1807. 

Simson,  William  B.  Of  Rhode  Island.  Went  to  Eng- 
land.    In  1779  he  was  in  London. 

SiNGLKTON, .    A  Lieutenant  in  the  "  Royal  Greens," 

was  wounded  in  1777,  during  the  investment  of  Fort  Stanwix. 

Skenk,  Philip.  Of  New  York.  At  the  beginning  of  the 
struggle  he  held  the  posts  of  Lieutenant-Governor  of  Crown 
Point  and  Ticonderoga,  and  of  Surveyor  of  his  Majesty's 
woods  bordering  on  Lake  Champlain  ;  and  had  command  of 
a  corps  of  militia.  Previously  he  had  seen  much  military  ser- 
vice, having  been  at  Carthagena,  Porto  Bello,  and  Flanders, 
and  with  Amherst  in  Canada,  and  at  the  conquest  of  Mar- 
tinique and  Havana.  He  had  been  oflen  wounded.  His 
residence  was  at  the  southern  extremity  of  LakeChamplain, 


SKENE.  -  SKINNER. 


305 


where  he  owned  lands.  In  1775  he  was  empowered  to  raise 
a  regiment.  In  June  of  that  year,  while  at  Philadelphia,  he 
was  arrested,  and  his  papers  were  examined  by  order  of  Con- 
gress. Mr.  James  Lovell,  a  distinguished  Whig  of  Massa- 
chusetts, having  fallen  into  the  enemy's  hands  at  Boston,  an 
exchange  was  proposed  early  in  1776.  Some  delay  occurred 
in  cc  mpleting  the  arrangement,  but  in  October,  Colonel  Skene, 
who  was  then  a  prisoner  at  Hartford,  was  conveyed  to  a 
British  ship-of-war  in  the  Hudson,  though  it  was  not  known 
that  Mr.  Lovell  had  arrived  from  Halifax,  or  was  at  liberty. 
Colonel  Skene  was  attainted,  and  his  estate  was  confiscated. 
He  died  in  England  in  1810. 

Skene,  Andrew  Phimp.  Of  New  York.  Son  of  Philip 
Skene.  His  property  was  confiscated  by  an  Act  of  that  State. 
Early  in  the  contest  he  was  taken  prisoner  on  Lake  Cham- 
plain,  and  sent  to  Connecticut,  where  he  was  confined.  He 
went  to  England,  and  died  there,  in  1826,  aged  seventy- 
three. 

Skinner,  Cortlandt.  Of  New  Jersey.  Last  Royal 
Attorney-General.  In  1772  he  addressed  a  memorial  to  the 
Ministry,  praying  for  a  salary  adequate  to  his  services,  and  to 
the  importance  of  his  official  station.  In  the  performance  of 
his  duties  he  evinced  both  integrity  and  ability.  May,  1775, 
as  Speaker  of  the  Assembly,  he  was  directed  to  deliver  to 
Governor  Franklin  an  Address  of  that  body,  "  which,"  he 
said  to  his  Excellency,  "  being  different  from  my  sentiments,  I 
think  it  necessary  thus  publicly  to  declare  it ;  a  step  I  should 
not  have  taken  had  I  been  permitted  to  enter  my  dissent  on 
the  Minutes  of  the  House."  In  September  of  the  same  year, 
he  addressed  a  memorial  to  the  New  York  Committee,  for 
leave  to  land  some  trunks  and  bedding,  the  property  of  Miss 
Johnson,  Miss  Kemble,  and  Mrs.  Lee  ;  the  request  was 
granted,  but  a  sub-committee  was  appointed  to  examine  the 
goods.  March,  1776,  Isaac  Decker  sent  him  on  board  an 
armed  ship,  [see  Daniel  Jlorsemanden,']  and  Governor  Frank- 
lin wrote  to  Lord  George  Germain  that  he  had  left  a  wife 
and  thirteen  children  depending  on  him  for  support ;  and 

26* 


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SKINNER. 


asked  that  the  hardship  of  his  case  be  considered  by  the 
King.  A  few  months  later  his  furniture  was  removed  from 
Amboy  to  New  York. 

He  accepted  service  under  the  Crown,  and  was  autliorizcd 
to  raise  a  corps  of  Loyalists,  to  consist  of  two  thousand  five 
hundred  men.  He  was  allowed  to  nominate  his  own  officers. 
Three  battalions  were  organized  and  officered,  and  called  the 
New  Jersey  Volunteers.  But  the  enlistments  of  common  sol- 
diers were  slow.  After  several  months  of  active  exertions, 
the  whole  number  of  men  who  had  rallied  vuider  his  standard 
was  but  one  thousand  one  hundred  and  one.  Skinner  con- 
tinued in  command  of  the  corps,  with  the  rank  of  Brigadier- 
General.  His  lady  and  family  embarked  for  England  in  the 
summer  of  1783,  in  the  Le  Solitaire,  and  were  forced  into 
Halifax  by  stress  of  weather.  He  himself  followed  after  the 
evacuation  of  New  York.  His  claim  to  compensation  for  his 
losses  as  a  Loyalist  was  difficult  to  adjust,  and  caused  the 
Commissioners  much  labor  ;  but  an  allowance  was  finally 
made  ;  and  he  also  received  the  half-pay  of  a  Brigadier-Gen- 
eral during  his  life.  He  died  at  Bristol,  England,  in  1799, 
affed  seventy-one. 

His  mother  and  the  mother  of  the  senior  Oliver  De  Lan- 
cey  were  sisters,  and  the  daughters  of  Stephen  Van  Cort- 
landt.  General  Skinner's  widow  died  at  Belvoir  Park,  near 
Belfast,  Ireland,  in  1810.  Notice  of  three  sons  follow.  Of 
three  daughters,  I  glean  that  Catharine  was  married  to  Sir 
William  Henry  Robinson  ;  Gertrude,  to  Captain  Mei'edith, 
of  the  Seventieth  Regiment ;  Maria,  the  seventh  daughter, 
to  General  Sir  George  Nugent,  Bart.  The  latter  died  at 
Westhorpe-House,  Bucks,  England,  in  1834,  leaving  three 
children  ;  a  daughter  married  Sir  T.  F.  Freemantle,  Bart. 

SxiNNra,  CoRTLANDT,  Jr.  Of  Ncw  Jersey.  Son  of 
Cortlandt  Skinner.  In  1782  he  held  a  commission  in  the 
British  Army,  as  distinguished  from  the  Provincial  or  Lo;  -1- 
ist  corps. 

Skinner,  Philip  Kearney.  Of  Amboy,  New  Jersey. 
Lieutenant-General  in  the  British  Army.     Son  of  Cortlandt 


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SKINNER. 


807 


Skinner,  Senior.  He  entered  the  service  of  the  Crown  as  an 
Ensign  in  tlie  First  Battahon  of  New  Jersey  Volunteers.  In 
1782  he  was  transferred  to  the  Twenty-Third  Regiment  of 
Foot,  as  a  Second  Lieutenant.  He  was  a  Captain  in  1793, 
a  Major  in  1795,  and  a  Lieutenant-Colonel  in  1799.  In  the 
expedition  to  Ostend  he  was  taken  prisoner.  He  served  in 
Ireland,  the  East  and  West  Indies,  in  Spain,  and  elsewhere. 
While  a  Major-General,  and  about  the  year  1819,  he  came  to 
the  United  States  to  seek  his  relatives  and  old  friends.  He 
found  but  one,  —  Dr.  John  Lawrence,  —  at  whose  house  he 
remained  a  week.  The  meeting  is  described  as  deeply  inter- 
esting. In  1825  our  Loyalist  attained  the  rank  of  Lieutenant- 
General.     He  died  in  Regent  Street,  London,  April  9,  1826. 

Skinner,  John.  Of  New  Jersey.  Brother  of  Cortlandt 
Skinner,  Jr.  During  the  Revolution  he  was  a  Midshipman  in 
the  British  Navy,  and  in  an  affair  with  some  Whig  batteries  on 
the  Hudson  River  lost  an  arm.  In  the  latter  part  of  his  life  he 
was  a  retired  Lieutenant  in  the  Royal  Navy,  and  commanded 
a  steam-packet  between  Holyhead  and  Dublin.  Consenting, 
while  engaged  in  this  service,  to  put  to  sea  in  a  violent  gale, 
to  gratify  others,  and  much  against  his  own  judgment,  per- 
ished October  31,  1832.  His  mate  was  drowned  in  the  effort 
to  save  him.     He  had  been  in  service  fifty-seven  years. 

Skinner,  Stephen.  Brother  of  Cortlandt,  Senior.  Treas- 
urer of  Eastern  New  Jersey,  and  a  member  of  the  Council. 
Appointed  to  the  first  office  in  1762,  and  to  the  other,  seven 
years  afterwards.  In  1768  he  reported  that  the  iron  chest,  in 
which  he  kept  the  public  money,  had  been  robbed  of  j£6000. 
All  attempts  to  discover  the  robbei*s  were  in  vain.  The  sub- 
ject engaged  the  attention  of  the  Legislature,  and  was  warmly 
discussed  at  several  sessions,  without  arriving  at  any  conclu- 
sion as  to  the  guilty  parties.  At  length  a  resolution  was  passed 
by  the  Assembly,  declaring  that  the  robbery  happened  through 
the  negligence  of  the  Treasurer.  Nor  was  this  the  end.  A 
committee  subsequently  reported  that  Skinner  himself  was  the 
robber,  in  which  the  House  concurred  ;  "  and  a  long  and  an- 
gry correspondence  ensued  between  Governor  Franklin  and 


;  ,  > 


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308 


SKINNER. 


the  Assembly,  as  to  the  proper  course  to  be  pursued  to  bring 
the  Treasurer  to  trial."  The  end  of  the  dispute  was  that 
Skinner  resigned  ;  and  "  his  successor  authorized  to  bring  a 
suit  to  recover  the  lost  money."  The  Governor,  however, 
sustained  Skinner  to  the  last,  against  the  opinion  of  a  large 
majority  of  the  people,  and  appointed  him  a  member  of  his 
Council. 

The  case  was  never  decided.  In  1775  (February  8)  he 
sent  the  following  letter  to  the  House  of  Assembly :  "  Mr. 
Speaker :  The  message  of  the  House,  ordering  the  late 
Treasurer  to  attend  this  day  at  ten  o'clock,  to  inquire  of  him 
the  deficiency  of  the  Treasury,  I  have  received  ;  but  as  I 
have  the  honor  to  be  one  of  his  Majesty's  Council,  I  can't 
possibly  attend  till  such  time  as  I  have  laid  the  order  before 
the  Council,  which  I  shall  immediately  do  upon  their  meet- 
ing. As  the  order  is  to  inquire  concerning  the  deficiency  of 
the  Treasury,  I  can  assure  the  House,  had  I  been  apprised  of 
their  wanting  the  public  money,  I  should  have  taken  care  that 
the  whole  should  have  been  in  the  Treasury  for  their  inspec- 
tion ;  but  as  I  have  amply  secured  the  Treasurer,  I  sh."ll  take 
care  that  he  shall  have  the  whole  amount  of  the  bond  I  have 
given  him  within  the  time  appointed  for  cancelling  the  public 
money." 

In  July,  1776,  Mr.  Skinner  was  apprehended  by  order  of 
Washington,  and  was  directed  by  the  Provincial  Congress  to 
remain  at  Trenton  on  parole.  Leave  was  granted,  subse- 
quently, to  remove  to  Morristown.  In  1783  he  went  to  Nova 
Scotia,  and  remained  there  the  rest  of  his  life.  Gertrude,  his 
daughter,  died  at  Shelburne,  in  that  Province,  in  1796. 

Skinner,  William.  Of  New  Jersey.  Lieutenant-Colonel 
in  the  British  Army.  Brother  of  Cortlandt,  Senior.  Married 
Susanna,  daughter  of  Admiral  Sir  Peter  Warren. 

Skinner,  Elisha.  Brother  of  the  senior  Cortlandt.  Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel in  the  New  Jersey  Volunteers. 

Skinner,  John.  Of  New  Jersey.  Lieutenant-General 
in  the  British  Army.  He  entered  the  service  as  an  Ensign 
in  the  Sixteenth  Begiment  of  Foot.     In  the  campaigns  of 


mil' 


1 


SKINNER.  —  SLINGSBY. 


309 


1770, 1780,  and  1781,  lie  was  in  the  action  of  Beaufort,  Stone 
Ferry  ;  in  the  sieges  of  Savannah  and  Charleston  ;  and  com- 
manded a  troop  in  Tarleton's  Legion  in  the  battles  of  Black 
Stocks,  Cowpens,  and  Guilford.  In  1795,  in  reducing  the 
revolting  Maroons  to  submission,  he  saved  Jamaica  from  the 
fate  of  St.  Domingo.  In  1804  he  commanded  the  Sixteenth 
Regiment  in  the  expedition  against  Surinam  ;  and  afterwards, 
while  Major-Gen eral,  acted  as  Governor,  in  succession,  of  St. 
Martin's,  Santa  Cruz,  and  Guadaloupe.  He  died  in  England, 
October  10, 1827. 

Three  of  his  sons  spent  their  lives  in  the  military  service : 
namely,  Lieutenant-Colonel  Thomas  Skinner,  C.  B.,  who  died 
in  1848  ;  Ensign  John  Skinner,  who  fell  a  victim  to  the  yel- 
low fever,  in  Jamaica,  in  1821 ;  and  Captain  James  Skinner, 
of  the  Sixty-First  Bengal  Native  Infantry,  who  was  mortally 
wounded  in  India,  in  1842,  by  the  hand  of  an  assassin.  Two 
other  children  survived  in  1845  :  namely,  a  daughter,  who 
married  Captain  Sir  Henry  Vere  Huntley,  R.  N.,  Lieutenant- 
Governor  of  Prince  Edward's  Island  ;  and  Allan  Strachan 
Skinner,  Barrister-at-law,  of  the  Oxford  Circuit.  At  the  same 
date,  his  widow  was  in  possession  of  apartments  assigned  to 
her  in  Hampton  Court  Palace. 

Skinner,  B.  G.  In  1781  Colonel  of  the  First  Battalion  of 
New  Jersey  Volunteers. 

Skipwokth,  Sir  Peyton,  Bai'onet.  Of  Virginia.  His 
family,  formerly  of  Prestwould,  England,  settled  in  that 
Colony  soon  after  the  death  of  Charles  the  First,  "  to  avoid 
the  usurper,  Cromwell."  He  died  at  his  seat,  Prestwould, 
Virginia,  in  1805. 

Si.AYTER,  John.  He  settled  in  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,  and 
was  an  officer  of  the  Customs  there  quite  fifty  years.  He  died 
there  in  1824,  aged  seventy-seven. 

Slingsby,  .      Of  North  Carolina.      Colonel  of  a 

Loyalist  coqis.  At  the  head  of  three  hundred  men,  in  1781, 
he  took  post  at  Elizabethtown,  North  Carolina,  and  was  at- 
tacked in  the  darkness  of  night  by  a  party  of  Whigs.  The 
Loyalist  officer  was  a  gallant  man,  and  made  a  desperate 


■  ■  i , 


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1  ! 

L_ 

I  ,;; 


310 


SLIP.  — SMITH. 


effort  to  produce  order,  to  form  his  lines,  and  maintain  his 
position.  But  he  was  mortally  wounded,  and  his  force  was 
totally  routed.  He  was  a  man  of  fine  talents,  and  left  an 
amiable  and  helpless  family.      Even  foes  lamented  his  fiill. 

Sup,  John.  Settled  in  New  Brunswick,  in  1783,  and  died 
on  Long  Island,  Queen's  County,  in  that  Province,  in  1836, 
leavinji  numerous  descendants. 

Si.oAT,  Ahraham.  Went  to  New  Brunswick  in  1783. 
Died  in  that  Province  in  1852,  leaving  a  widow,  seventeen 
children,  one  hundred  and  seven  grandchihh'cn,  and  twenty- 
seven  great-gi'pndchildren. 

Smart,  John  and  Thomas.  Of  New  York.  Went,  each 
with  a  family,  to  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1783,  and  re- 
ceived grants  of  land.  Thomas  was  with  General  Wolfe  at 
Quebec  ;  at  Shelburne  he  was  a  merchant. 

Smiler,  Samuel.  A  member  of  the  Loyal  Artillery. 
Died  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  in  1820. 

Smith,  Henry.  Of  Boston.  Merchant.  Son  of  Wil- 
liam Heiuy  and  Margaret  Lloyd  Smith,  and  born  in  1735. 
Connected  in  business  with  his  uncle,  Henry  Lloyd,  and  with 
tlie  contractors  for  supplying  the  Royal  Army  in  Boston,  he 
went  to  Halifax  with  his  family,  at  the  evacuation  in  1776, 
where  he  lived  unemployed  for  nine  years.  He  returned  in 
1785,  and  was  "  gladly  received  by  the  Governor  and  other 
authorities."  He  died  in  Boston,  in  1801,  in  his  sixty-sixth 
year.  His  wife  was  a  widow,  of  the  name  of  Elizabeth  Draver, 
who  deceased  in  1797.  His  son,  Henry  Lloyd,  died  in  1802 
four  days  afler  his  marriage  to  Mary  Susannah  Morris.  His 
daughter  Catherina  was  the  wife  of  Joseph  Whitney,  of  Bos- 
ton, and  died  in  1809  ;  and  Rebecca,  another  daughter,  mar- 
ried Nathaniel  McCarty,  son  of  a  minister  of  Worcester.  His 
other  children  were  Anna,  who  married  Rev.  Charles  Wel- 
lington, D.  D.,  of  Templeton,  Massachusetts ;  two  Elizabeths, 
two  Margarets,  and  William.  Three  of  the  nine  were  born 
in  Halifax.  Not  one  is  now  living.  The  second  Elizabeth, 
who  survived  all  the  othei's,  died  unmarried,  in  Boston,  in 
1855,  aged  eighty-two.     His  brother  Oliver,  an  apothecary 


SMITH. 


311 


and  druggist,  who  removed  to  Boston,  at  the  instance  of  liis 
uncle,  Dr.  James  Lloyd,  and  who  died  in  that  city,  in  1797, 
deserves  mention  here,  for  his  exertions  (in  connection  with 
the  Rev.  Dr.  Stillman)  to  found  a  Medical  Dispensary,  and 
for  his  services  in  planting  trees  on  the  Common. 

Smhh,  Isaac.  Graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1707, 
and  was  subsequently  connected  with  that  institution  as  a  tutor. 
He  went  to  England.  Early  in  1770  he  was  a  member  of 
the  Loyalist  Club,  London,  for  a  dinner  weekly,  sometimes 
called  the  "  Brompton-Row  Tory  Club."  He  seems  to  have 
gone  first  to  Exeter,  but  before  August  of  the  year  just  men- 
tioned, was  in  charge  of  a  congregation  at  Sidmouth,  a  famous 
watering-place  of  the  time.  In  1778  he  communicated  to  some 
fellow-Loyalists  the  provisions  of  the  Massachusetts  Exclusion 
Bill,  "  whereby  all  who  left  New  England  after  April  10, 
1775,  are  forever  banished,  and  their  estates  forfeited  "  ;  and 
June  24th  of  that  year  he  was  ordained  at  Sidmouth.  He 
held  that  every  man  has  an  absolute  right  to  unlimited  tolera- 
tion, be  his  principles  what  they  may.  In  1780  we  find  him 
at  Bath  and  Bristol ;  and  in  1784,  engaged  to  pass  an  evening 
with  the  "  Dr.  Franklin  Club,"  at  London  Tavern.  He  re- 
turned to  Massachusetts,  and  in  1787  the  Legislature  admitted 
him  to  citizenship.  At  a  later  time  he  was  Preceptor  of  Dum- 
mer  Academy,  at  Byfield.     He  died  in  1829. 

Smith,  Titus.  A  native  of  Hadley,  Massachusetts.  He 
embraced  the  views  of  Robert  Sandeman,  and  became  an  Elder 
in  the  Sandemanian  Church.  He  went  to  Halifax,  Nova 
Scotia,  and  died  there  in  1807.  Lydia,  his  widow,  died  at  the 
same  place  in  1818. 

Smith,  Rev.  Judediah.  Of  Granville,  Massachusetts. 
Congregational  Minister.  He  graduated  at  Yale  College  in 
1750,  and  was  ordained  at  Granville  in  1756.  Opposed  to 
the  Revolution,  and  entertaining  some  religious  views  which 
excited  opposition,  "  he  had  a  stormy  time  for  years,  but  was 
not  dismissed  until  April  10,  1776."  With  "  his  numerous 
family,  one  son  excepted,"  he  embarked  for  Louisiana.  "  In 
going  up  the  Mississippi,  he  was  attacked  with  a  fever,  and  in  a 


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812 


SMITH. 


delirium  leaped  overboard.  He  was  rescued,  but  died  in  Sep- 
tember, 1770,  aged  fifty  years  ;  and  "  was  buried  on  the  bank 
of  the  river,  at  a  point  which  was  subsequently  swept  away." 

Smith,   Capt.   .      Of  Plymouth,   Massachusetts. 

Pilot  of  the  armed  ship  ybrth.  Perished,  with  one  hundred 
and  eixty-four  others,  near  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,  December, 
1779.  Five  persons  only  were  saved.  Smith's  wife  and 
eight  children  were  at  Plymouth. 

Smith,  Bowen.  Of  Massachusetts.  Son  of  Hon.  Josiah 
Smith,  of  Pembroke.     Died  at  Shediac,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1836. 

Smith,  William.  Of  New  York.  He  was  Chief  Justice, 
and  a  member  of  the  Council  of  the  Colony,  and  considered 
to  be  in  office  in  1782.  His  father,  the  Hon.  William  Smith, 
an  eminent  lawyer,  and  Judge  of  the  Supreme  Court,  died  in 
1709.  William  Smith,  the  subject  of  this  notice,  graduated 
at  Yale  College  in  174'i.  It  appears  that  he  was  at  a  loss  as 
to  the  side  which  he  should  espouse  in  the  controversy  which 
preceded  the  Revolution,  and  that  he  made  no  choice  until 
late  in  the  war.  Governor  Tryon  wrote  Lord  George  Ger- 
main, September  24,  1770,  that  Smith  had  withdrawn  to  his 
plantation  up  the  North  River,  and  had  not  been  heard  of 
these  five  months.  It  seems,  also,  that  a  number  of  other 
gentlemen  of  wealth  and  influence,  who  had  wavered,  like  him- 
self, joined  the  Royal  cause  about  the  same  time,  in  1778.  It 
is  believed  that,  at  first,  he  opposed  the  claims  of  the  Ministry. 
However  this  may  be,  his  final  decision  excited  the  remark  of 
both  the  Whigs  and  the  Loyalists ;  the  former  indulging  their 
wit  in  verse,  and  calling  him  the  "  weathercock,"  that  "  could 
hardly  tell  which  way  to  turn  ; "  and  the  latter  noticing  his 
adhesion  in  their  correspondence.  He  settled  in  Canada,  after 
the  war,  and  was  Chief  Justice  of  that  Colony.  He  pub- 
lished a  history  of  New  York,  which  was  continued  by  his  son 
William.  The  celebrated  Dr.  Mitchell,  of  New  York,  is  said 
to  have  related  the  following  anecdote  :  — 

"This  eloquent  man,"  alluding  to  Judge  Smith,  "having 
been  an  adherent  to  the  Royal  cause  during  the  Revolution, 
left  the  city  of  New  York  in  1783,  with  the  British  troops, 


1  I  >1 


<l, 


SMITH. 


8i:j 


and  was  afterwards  rewarded  by  liis  Sovereign  with  a  'high 
judiciary  t)ftiee  at  Quebec.  Judge  Sniitli,  although  thus  re- 
moved from  the  place  of  his  origin,  always  contem])lated  the 
politics  of  his  native  country  with  peculiar  solicitude.  One 
evening,  in  the  year  1789,  when  Dr.  Mitchell  was  in  Quebec, 
and  |)assing  the  evening  at  the  Chief  Justice's  house,  the 
leading  subject  of  conversntion  was  the  new  Federal  Consti- 
tution, then  under  the  consideration  of  the  States,  on  the  rec- 
ommendation of  the  Convention  which  sat  at  Philadelphia, 
in  1787.  Mr.  Smith,  who  had  been  somewhat  indisposed  for 
several  days,  retired  to  his  chamber  with  Mr.  Grant,  one  of 
the  members  of  the  Legislative  Council,  at  an  early  hour.  In 
a  shoi't  time,  Mr.  Grant  came  forth,  and  invited  Dr.  Mitchell, 
in  Mr.  Smith's  name,  to  walk  from  the  ])arlor  into  Mr.  Smith's 
study,  and  sit  with  them.  Mr.  Mitchell  was  conducted  to  a 
sofa,  and  seated  beside  the  Chief  Justice,  before  whom  stood 
a  table,  suj)porting  a  largo  bundle  of  papers.  Mr.  Smith  re- 
sumed the  subject  of  American  politics,  and  untied  his  papers. 
After  searching  among  them  awhile,  he  unfolded  a  certain 
one,  which  he  said  was  written  about  the  time  the  Colonial 
commotions  grew  violent,  in  1775,  and  contained  a  i)lan,  or 
system  of  government,  sketched  out  by  himself  then,  and 
which  nearly  resembled  the  Constitution  afterwards  proposed 
by  the  Federal  Convention  of  the  United  States.  He  then 
read  the  contents.  The  piece  was  long  and  elaborate,  and 
written  with  much  beauty  and  spirit.  '  This,  sir,'  added  he, 
after  finishing  it,  '  is  a  copy  of  a  letter  which  I  sent  to  a 
member  of  Congress  in  1775,  who  was  an  intimate  friend  of 
General  Washington.  You  may  trace  to  this  source  the 
sentiments  in  favor  of  a  more  energetic  government  for  vour 
country,  contained  in  the  Commander-in-Chief's  circular  let- 
ters, and  from  this,  there  can  be  no  doubt,  that  the  citizens  of 
all  the  States  derived  their  leading  hints  for  your  new  form 
of  government.'  "     Judge  Smith  died  in  1793. 

Smith,  Joshua  H.  Of  New  York.  In  Arnold's  treason, 
in  1780,  he  figured  prominently,  either  as  a  tool  or  an  accom- 
plice ;  and  the  truth  perhai)s  is,  that  he  was  at  first  the  traitor's 

VOL.  11.  27 


my 


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814 


SMITH. 


(lupir,  and,  before  the  affair  was  at  an  end,  his  willing  asso- 
ciate. Smith  brouglit  Andre  on  shore,  and  ho  and  Arnold 
had  their  first  interview  at  his  house,  —  tlio  White  House,  — 
near  Stony  Point.  When  the  plot  was  complete,  and  Andre 
was  ready  to  return.  Smith,  for  some  reason  never  explained, 
refused  to  carry  him  on  board  of  the  Vulture,  but  agreed  to 
accompany  him  on  the  way  to  New  York  by  land,  and  he  did 
so,  to  a  i)oint  of  supposed  safety.  Before  they  started,  Andre 
divested  himself  of  his  military  coat,  and  leaving  it  behind, 
reccivetl  one  of  Smith's  in  exchange.  Smith  was  tried  by  a 
military  court  for  his  connection  with  this  affair,  but  acquitted. 
He  was  however  taken  into  custody  by  the  civil  autho/itv  of 
the  State,  and  committed  to  jail.  After  some  months'  tm- 
prisoinncnt,  he  made  his  escape,  and,  sometimes  disguised  in  a 
woman's  dress,  made  his  way  through  the  country  to  New 
York,  where  he  was  among  friends.  At  the  close  of  the  war 
he  went  to  England.  In  1808  he  published  in  London  "  An 
Authentic  Narrative  of  the  Causes  which  led  to  the  death  of 
Major  Andrd."  The  book  is  regarded  with  2io  favor  by  histo- 
rians. It  is  believed  that  he  was  a  brothei  )f  Chief  Justice 
William  Smith.  He  retui'ned  to  the  United  States,  and  died 
in  New  York  in  1818. 

Smith,  Claudius.  Of  New  York,  probably  of  Orange 
County.  Leader  of  a  band  of  merciless  marauders,  and  "  a 
terror  to  the  country."  He  was  finally  made  prisoner  on 
Long  Island,  taken  to  Goshen,  chained  to  the  jail  floor,  and, 
January  2,  1779,  hung.  His  son  Richard,  in  revenge  for  his 
death,  committed  several  nmrders  ;  "  and  for  awhile  the  Whigs 
suffered  more  from  the  desperate  '  Cow-l\oys  '  than  before 
the  execution  of  their  great  leader."  Smith  was  a  man  of  fine 
personal  appearance. 

Smith,  Richard.  Of  New  York.  Son  of  Claudius 
Smith.  After  the  execution  of  his  father,  and  the  death  of 
his  brother,  who  was  shot  in  an  affray,  he  led  a  band,  who,  it 
is  averred,  committed  every  possible  enormity.  On  one  oc- 
casion, having  killed  John  Clark,  the  following  Warning  to 
the  Rebels  was  pinned  to  Clark's  coat :  —  "  You  are  hereby 


il 


SMITH. 


815 


warned,  at  your  jioril,  to  desist  from  linnging  anymore  friends 
to  Government,  as  you  did  Claudius  Smitli.  You  arc  warned, 
likewise,  to  use  James  Smith,  James  Fluelling,  and  William 
Cole,  well,  and  ease  them  of  their  irons,  for  we  are  determined 
to  hang  six  for  one,  for  the  blood  of  the  innocent  cries  aloud 
for  vengeance.  Your  noted  friend.  Captain  Williams,  and  his 
crow  of  robbers  and  murderers,  wo  have  got  in  our  power, 
and  the  blood  of  Claudius  Smith  shall  be  repaid.  There  arc 
particular  companies  of  us  that  belong  to  Colonel  Butler's 
army,  Indians  as  well  as  white  men,  and  particularly  numbers 
from  New  York,  that  are  resolved  to  be  avenged  on  you  for 
your  cruelty  and  murder.  AVc  are  to  remind  you  that  you 
are  tlie  beginners  and  aggressors,  for  by  your  cruel  oppressions 
and  bloody  actions  you  drive  us  to  it.  This  is  the  first,  and 
we  are  determined  to  pursue  it  on  your  licads  and  leaders  to 
the  last  —  till  the  whole  of  you  are  miinleredy  Such  are  the 
horroi-s  of  civil  war  ! 

Smith,  Jacoh.  Of  New  York.  A  captain  in  De  Lancey's 
First  Battalion.  The  Whigs  accused  him,  in  177G,  of  receiv- 
ing a  commission  for  him-jclf,  of  enlisting  men,  of  pi'essing 
teams  and  drivers  for  them,  and  the  seizing  of  fat  cattle  for 
the  Royal  Army.  He  was  in  garrison  at  Ninety-Six  when 
besieged  by  General  Greene,  and  was  wounded.  In  1783, 
when  the  corps  was  disbanded,  he  settled  in  New  Brunswick, 
and  received  half-pay.  He  died  on  the  I'iver  St.  John,  in 
1837,  aged  eighty-eight.  His  wife,  whom  he  married  in  1777, 
was  Martha  Birdsell. 

Smith,  Gkorgk.  A  physician.  Of  Albany,  New  York. 
In  1781,  he  was  actively  engaged  in  fomenting  disaffection 
imong  the  people  of  Vermont,  and  was  believed  to  have  had 
a  special  commission  for  the  purpose.  I  suppose  that  Chief 
Justice  Smith  was  a  brother.  There  is  much  mystery  hanging 
over  the  conduct  of  some  Whigs  of  Vermont  at  this  period ; 
but  sufficient  appears  to  have  become  known  to  warrant  the 
impression  that  their  intentions  were  hai'dly  to  be  excused. 

Smith,  Rufus.  Of  New  York.  Went  to  New  Bruns- 
wick, a  year  after  the  first  emigration,  in  1784.     He  studied 


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mediciiK',  cstnMislu'd  liimself  as  ii  physician  in  tho  county  of 
Wcstinorcluiul,  and  was  several  times  elected  a  member  of  tlie 
House  of  Assembly.  He  died  in  Westnjoreland  in  1S44. 
He  was  in  the  practice  of  physic  upwards  of  fifty  years. 

Smith, .     The  captain  of  a  Tory  band.     In  177H 

he  enlisted  a  company  of  T<n'ies  in  the  neighborhood  i>f  Cat- 
skill,  New  York,  and  while  on  his  way  to  join  Sir  John  John- 
son, at  Niagara,  was  assaileil  by  a  Whig  force,  wlio  shot  him 
dead,  and  put  his  men  to  Hight. 

Smith,  John.  Of  Maryland.  A  physician.  Left  the 
State  in  177"),  for  political  reasons,  intending  to  go  to  the 
Mississippi  ;  but  finding  the  journey  impracticable,  went  to 
Norfolk,  and  was  induced,  by  the  promises  of  Lord  Dunmore, 
to  accept  a  place  in  Comielly's  corps  ;  taken  prisoner  and  put 
in  jail. 

Smith,  Ri;v.  \Vili,iam,  D.D.  First  Provost  of  the  Col- 
lege in  Philadelphia.  Born  in  Scotland.  Graduated  at  tiie 
University  of  Aberdeen  in  1747,  and  came  to  America  soon 
after.  He  was  tutor  for  a  time  in  the  liunily  of  Mr.  Martin, 
on  Long  Island,  New  York.  In  llfhi  he  went  to  England 
for  ordination  in  the  Ejuscopal  Church,  and  on  his  return  was 
placed  at  the  head  of  the  infant  college  above  mentioned. 
John  Adams  was  told,  in  1774,  that  Dr.  Smith  was  looking 
for  an  American  e})iscopate  and  a  pair  of  lawn  sleeves  ;  and 
records  his  own  opinion  thus  •  "  Soft,  polite,  adulating,  sensi- 
ble, learned,  industrious,  indefatigable,  he  has  had  art  enough 
and  refinement  of  art,  to  make  impression  even  upon  Mr. 
Dickinson  and  Mr.  Reed."  Mi*.  Adams  wrote  his  wife, 
February  11,  177(3 :  "  To-morrow  Dr.  Smith  is  to  deliver 
an  oration  in  honor  of  the  bravo  Montgomery.  I  will  send 
it,  as  soon  as  it  is  out,  to  you."  On  the  28th  of  April,  he 
said:  "The  oration  was  an  insolent  performance.  A  motion 
was  made  to  thank  the  orator,  and  ask  a  copy ;  but  opposed 
with  great  spirit  and  vivacity,  ....  and  at  last  withdrawn, 
lest  it  should  be  rejected,  as  it  certainly  would  have  been, 
with  indignation.  The  orator  then  printed  it  himself,  leav- 
ing out,  or  altering,  some  offensive  passages.     This  is  one  of 


SMITH. 


;U7 


the  many  irregular  find  cxtravagnnt  clmractcrs  of  the  ago.  I 
iievur  heard  ono  siuglo  person  speak  well  of  anything  about 
him,  hut  his  nbl'ities,  which  are  generally  allowed  to  ho 
good."  A  month  later  Colonel  Koger  Enos  addressed  him 
tlius  :  '*  Now  let  Dr.  Smith,  of  I'hilailelphia,  display  the  ma- 
lignity of  his  heart  in  another  funeral  oration,  in  attem|)ting 
to  stab  my  reputati(m,  and  render  me  infamous  in  the  view 
of  the  world.  However,  I  will  venture  to  assert  that  if  ill- 
nature,  and  a  fondness  to  raise  his  reputation  on  the  ruin  of 
liis  fellow-uKMi,  are  as  discernible  in  his  other  political  writ- 
ings as  in  this  oration,  so  far  as  it  respects  my  character,  ho  is 
one  of  the  most  dangerous  writers,  and,  perhaps,  the  most  con- 
summate villain,  that  walks  on  the  face  of  (lod's  earth,"  &c. 

In  "  The  American  Book  of  Coaimon  Prayer,"  proposed, 
but  not  published,  as  at  first  compiled,  ho  prepared  a  service 
for  the  Fourth  of  July  ;  although  Bishop  White  remarks,  "ho 
liad  written  and  acted  against  the  Declaration  of  Indepen- 
dence, and  was  luifavorably  looked  upon  by  the  su])porters  of 
it  during  the  whole  of  the  Revolutionary  War."  Dr.  Smith 
published  several  sermons  and  orations.  He  died  at  Philadel- 
phia, in  180;i,  aged  seventy-six.  Ilis  wife,  —  an  accomplished 
lady,  —  who  died  in  I7i>3,  was  Rebecca,  daughter  of  William 
Moore,  of  Pennsylvania,  and  a  descendant  of  Sir  John  Moore, 
of  England.  He  left  five  children  ;  one  of  whom  —  Wilhel- 
mina  Eli/aboth  —  married  Governor  Cluirles  Goldsborough, 
of  Maryland,  and  (1857)  is  still  living.  In  person.  Dr.  Smith 
"  was  tall  and  dignified,  —  not  fleshy  or  corpulent,  but  six  feet 
in  height,  —  in  youth  said  to  have  been  of  much  intellectual 
beauty  of  countenance,  and  truly  so  if  his  full-length  portrait, 
by  Benjamin  West,  yet  In  possession  of  the  family,  be  a  cor- 
rect likeness. 

Smith,  John  and  Thomas.  Of  New  Hampshire.  Pro- 
scribed and  banished  in  1778.  John  settled  in  New  Bruns- 
wick at  the  peace  ;  removed  to  Upper  Canada,  and  died  at 
Belville. 

Smith,  Nathan.  A  jdiysician,  of  Rhode  Island.  He  en- 
tered the  King's  service,  and  was  surgeon  of  one  of  the  Loyal- 

27* 


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SMITH. 


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ist  regiments.  In  1788  he  settled  at  St.  John,  New  Bruns- 
wick ;  received  half-pay.  He  died  in  that  city,  in  1818,  aged 
eighty-one.  His  son,  William  Howe  Smith,  who  was  born 
in  Rhode  Island,  in  1777,  died  at  St.  John,  in  1822,  leaving 
four  sons  an;.'  two  daughters,  of  whom  ore  son  (1840)  sur- 
vives. 

Smith,  John  and  Robert.  Of  Pennsylvania.  Brothers. 
Robbed  and  murdered  Mr.  Boyd,  collector  of  taxes  of  Chester 
County.  Reward  of  $20,000,  Continental  money,  offered  for 
their  apprehension.  Arrested  in  Monmouth  County,  New 
Jersey,  May,  1780,  on  their  way  to  the  Royal  Army.  Car- 
ried to  Pennsylvania,  tried,  and  executed. 

Smith,  Thomas.  Of  Ridgefield,  Connecticut.  In  1776 
the  Committee  proclaimed  that  he  was  an  enemy  to  his  coun- 
try. Subsequently  he  was  an  officer  of  the  privateer  Adven- 
ture. He  was  captured,  and  sent  to  Simsbury  mines,  Connec- 
ticut, whence  he  made  his  escape,  and  published  an  account 
of  the  treatment  which  he  received  from  the  Whigs  while  in 
their  power.  Ebenezer  Hathaway,  of  whom  there  is  a  notice 
in  these  pages,  was  his  companion  in  prison,  and  joined  in  his 
statement.  Smith,  in  an  affray,  lost  a  part  of  his  nose.  In 
December,  1783,  a  warrant  was  issued,  on  petition  of  the 
Selectmen  of  Stamford,  Connecticut,  ordering  him  and  his 
family  to  depart  that  town  forthwith,  and  never  return.  He 
settled  in  New  Brunswick  ;  survived  Hathaway ;  was  an  at- 
tendant in  his  last  moments,  and  evinced  much  feeling  in 
parting  with  his  old  associate. 

Smith,  John.  Of  the  First  Connecticut  Battalion.  Early 
in  1779  he  was  convicted,  by  a  general  court-martial,  of  de- 
sertion, with  the  intention  to  join  the  Royal  Army,  and  sen- 
tenced to  be  shot.  He  was  executed  February  ICth,  in  pres- 
en.r'e  of  the  troops,  after  listening  to  a  sermon  by  one  of  the 
chaplains. 

Smith,  Daniel.  Of  Connecticut.  Arrived  at  St.  John, 
New  Brunswick,  in  1783,  in  the  ship  Union,  and  was  the 
grantee  of  a  city  lot.  He  died  in  that  Province,  in  1834, 
aged  seventy. 


SMITH.  —  SMYTH. 


319 


■nmi,im' 


Smith,  James.  A  captain.  After  the  Revolution  he  set- 
tled on  the  island  of  Grand  Menan,  New  Brunswick,  where 
he  died,  July,  1886,  aged  eighty-seven. 

Smith,  Ichahod.  Was  Captain-Lieutenant  of  De  Lan- 
cey's  Second  Battalion.  He  went  to  St.  John,  New  Bruns- 
wick, in  1783,  and  was  a  grantee  of  that  city ;  subsequently 
he  was  a  captain  in  the  militia,  and  a  magistrate.  He  died  in 
Maugervillo,  in  that  Province,  in  1823,  aged  sixty-seven.  He 
received  half-pay. 

Smith,  Charles.  Of  New  York.  In  1778  his  messen- 
ger was  detected  with  a  letter  for  Brant,  when  Smith  himself 
was  pursued  by  a  party  of  Whigs  and  slain.  His  scalp  was 
taken  and  sent  to  General  Stai'k. 

Smith.  Record  of  deaths  in  the  Province  of  New  Bruns- 
wick. Robert,  a  magistrate,  died  at  Fredericton,  in  1820, 
aged  sixty-nine.  Roiiert,  a  magistrate  in  Queen's  County, 
in  1829,  aged  seventy-seven  ;  Elijah,  a  magistrate  in  Queen's 
County,  in  1833,  aged  seventy-three ;  William,  of  New  York, 
at  Fredericton,  in  1834,  aged  eighty-three  ;  John,  in  King's 
County,  in  1884,  aged  eighty-four ;  and  Michael,  "  a  staunch 
Loyalist,"  at  Woodstock,  in  1842,  aged  eighty-five. 

Smyth,  Frederick.  Last  Royal  Chief  Justice  of  New 
Jersey.  He  was  appointed  in  1764;  and  Governor  Franklin 
obtained  for  him  £50  per  annum  more  than  the  emoluments 
of  his  predecessors  on  the  Bench.  He  had  a  seat  in  the 
Council ;  and  was  accused  of  desiring  the  office  of  Stamp- 
Master,  which  he  denied  on  his  honor.  In  1708  ho  com- 
plained to  the  Ministry  that  his  salary  was  inade(]uate,  and 
asked  that  the  bounty  of  the  Crown  miglit  be  extended  to 
him  as  some  reward  for  his  past  services.  In  1773  he  was 
one  of  the  Commissioners  to  examine  into  the  burning;  of  the 
King's  ship  Ganpee,  by  a  party  of  Rhode  Island  Whigs,  the 
previous  year,  and,  on  his  return,  he  wrote  the  Home  Govern- 
ment that  ho  feared  those  concerned  in  the  affair  would  escape 
punishment.  And  so  indeed  it  turned  out.  In  1774,  in 
delivering  a  charge  to  the  Grand  Jury  of  Essex  County,  he 
spoke  of  the  troubles  of  the  time,  and  said  that  the  "  imagi- 


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320 


SMYTH.  —  SNELLING. 


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nary  tyranny,  tliree  thousand  miles  distant,"  was  less  to  be 
guarded  against  than  the  "  real  tyranny  at  our  own  doors." 
Tlie  Jury  excepted  to  this  course  of  remark,  and  made  a 
spirited  and  a  Whig  reply.  The  Chief  Justice  was  beset  with 
difficulties  on  every  hand,  for,  in  addition  to  the  political 
troubles  of  the  time,  "  the  most  serious  complaints  were  made 
against  the  lawyers  of  New  Jersey,  followed,  in  some  in- 
stances, by  tumults  and  riots  of  a  disgraceful  character."  In 
1776,  when  the  Whigs  assumed  the  direction  of  the  Govern- 
ment, he  retired  to  Philadelphia.  In  1779  he  was  informed, 
by  direction  of  Lord  George  Germain,  that  it  was  impossible 
for  the  Ministry  to  compensate  Loyalists  to  the  extent  of  their 
losses,  but  yet,  that  an  allowance  of  £400  would  be  con- 
tinued to  him.  He  died  at  Philadelphia,  in  1815,  aged 
eighty-three. 

Smyth,  James.  Of  South  Carolina.  Was  in  commission 
of  the  Crown  after  the  capitulation  of  Charleston  in  1780. 
Estate  confiscated. 

Smyth,  John.  Of  Charleston.  An  Addresser  of  Sir 
Henry  Clinton  in  1780,  and  a  Petitioner  to  be  armed  on  the 
side  of  the  Crown.  He  was  banished  in  1782,  and  his  prop- 
erty confiscated.  Early  in  the  controversy  he  may  have  been 
a  Whig,  as  in  1774  he  was  a  member  of  the  Committee  of 
Correspondence. 

Smyth,  Alexander.  Residence  unknown.  Adjutant  of 
the  King's  Rangers.  He  was  at  the  Island  of  St.  John,  Gulf 
of  St.  Lawrence,  before  the  close  of  1782,  where  he  had 
settled,  or  thought  of  settling,  and  where  he  invited  his 
countrymen  and  fellow-suffereis  to  follow  him. 

Snelling,  Jonathan.  Of  Boston.  Colonel  and  Com- 
mander of  the  Governor's  Guard.  His  father,  Jonathan 
Snelling,  was  Captain  of  the  Coesar  of  twenty  guns,  in  the  first 
(1745)  expedition  against  Louisbourg.  The  subject  of  this 
notice  was  himself  a  commission-merchant  of  extensive  busi- 
ness, and  owned  and  occupied  a  warehouse  on  the  corner  of 
King  (now  State)  and  Exchange  Streets,  —  the  present  sit'^  of 
the  Mercantile  Marine  Insurance  Office,  —  and  lived  opposite 


SNELLING.  -  SNOW. 


821 


Doctor  Eliot's  (late  Doctor  Parkman's)  Church,  Hanover 
Street.  In  1774  he  was  an  Addresser  of  Hutchinson,  and,  in 
a  letter  to  a  commex'cial  correspondent,  said  :  "  For  my  part,  I 
never  interested  myself  in  political  affairs,  nor  concerned  my- 
self in  any  of  our  public  disputes,  but  hearing  from  undoubted 
authority  that  our  late  Governor  was  in  great  esteem  with 
his  Majesty  and  the  Court  of  Great  Britain,  and  would  be 
the  likeliest  man  to  get  our  difficulties  removed,  and  seeing 
what  distressing  times  were  coming  upon  us,  and  so  many 
gentlemen  whom  I  esteem  wortliy  judges  having  signed  before 
me,  I  signed,  with  the  sincere  motive  of  doing  good  to  my 
native  country." 

A  year  later  he  was  an  Addresser  of  Gage.  In  177G  he 
went  to  Halifax,  with  his  family  of  five  persons ;  and  in  1778 
he  was  proscribed  and  banished.  He  died  at  Halifax  in  1782. 
His  widow,  and  his  son  Samuel,  a  youth  of  seventeen,  re- 
turned to  Boston,  to  find  the  whole  of  the  family  property 
confiscated.  Jonathan,  the  eldest  son,  who  married  a  daugh- 
ter of  Judge  Foster  Hutchinson,  (brother  of  the  Governor,) 
and  whose  son,  William  H.  Siiclling,  was  Deputy  Commis- 
sary-General in  the  British  Army,  remained  at  Halifax,  and 
died  there,  in  1800,  aged  fifty-one.  Samuel  died  in  Boston 
in  1830  ;  his  widow  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Deacon  Moses 
Grant,  born  in  Boston,  May,  1769,  deceased  in  her  native 
city,  in  1851). 

Snow,  Elisha.  A  minister,  of  Thomaston,  Maine.  He 
was  professedly  a  friend,  but  really  a  traitor,  to  General  Peleg 
Wadsworth,  (the  father  of  Cajjtain  Alexander  8.  Wadsworth, 
of  the  United  States  Navy,)  who  commanded  the  eastern  dis- 
trict in  1780.  When,  in  that  year,  another  adherent  of  the 
Crown  betrayed  the  condition  of  the  General  to  the  British 
commander  at  Castine,  the  party  dispatched  from  that  place 
to  make  him  prisoner  were  concealed  at  Snow's  house  until  a 
late  hour  of  the  night,  and  departed  thence  to  complete  their 
enterprise,  in  which  they  were  successful. 

Snow,    Bknjamin.      Educated    at    Dartmouth    College. 
Driven  from  the  country  on  account  of  his  loyalty,  and  es- 


'U 


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322 


SNOWDEN.  —  SOWER. 


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caped  to  Nova  Scotia.  In  1782  he  was  a  teacher  at  An- 
napolis, Nova  Scotia,  with  a  salary  of  .£10.  In  1785  he  was 
•xt  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  as  was  said,  "  in  very  narrow 
circumstances." 

Snowden,  Leonard.  Of  Philadelphia.  Among  the  let- 
ters which,  in  1775,  were  written  to  England  abusive  of  the 
Whigs  and  their  cause,  and  which  were  concealed  in  a  pocket, 
sewed  to  the  lower  part  of  the  inner  garment  of  the  woman 
to  whom  they  were  entrusted, — there  was  one  from  Snowden, 
and  he  was  accordingly  arrested  and  imprisoned.  The  Com- 
mittee of  Safety  of  Pennsylvania  resolved  that  he  was  an 
enemy  to  the  liberties  of  America. 

Snyher,  Elias.  Of  New  Jersey.  Convicted  of  treason 
and  sentenced  to  death,  in  1777.  Pardoned  by  Governor 
Livingston,  on  condition  that  he  would  enlist  in  the  Conti- 
nental Service,  and  pay  the  costs  of  the  prosecution  against 
liim.  As  relates  to  the  latter,  I  have  the  receipt  of  the 
Sheriff,  dated  at  Morris  County  Jail,  December  25th  of  that 
year,  for  £18  3«.  10(f. 

Sower,  Christopher,  Jr.  Received  a  good  education, 
and  was  ordained  minister  over  a  society  of  German  Bap- 
tists ;  but,  having  also  been  taught  the  art  of  printing,  suc- 
ceeded to  his  father's  business  as  a  printer  and  bookseller,  at 
Germantown,  Pennsylvania,  about  the  year  1744.  For  a  con- 
siderable period  his  was  the  most  extensive  concern  for  print- 
ing and  binding  books  in  America.  The  Revolution  broke  up 
his  establishment ;  and  the  part  he  took  in  it  caused  the  con- 
fiscation of  his  estate.  When  the  British  entered  Philadel- 
phia he  joined  them,  and  remained  in  the  city  while  they  pos- 
sessc'.  it.  Among  his  property  which  was  forfeited,  was  a 
part  of  an  edition  of  the  Bible,  unbound  and  in  sheets,  of  which 
S'^^ie  copies  were  made  into  cartridges,  and  thus  used  for  the 
destruction  of  men's  bodies  rather  than  for  the  salvation  of 
their  souls.  Sower  was  esteemed  a  man  of  integrity  and 
merit.  His  losses,  by  the  battle  of  Germantown  and  other- 
wise, were  estimated  at  thirty  thousand  dollars.  He  died 
near  Philadelphia,  quite  aged,  in  August,  1784. 


SOWER,  —  SPENCER. 


323 


Sower,  Chkistophek,  3d.  Was  a  printer,  of  German- 
town,  Pennsylvania,  and  for  a  sliort  time  was  connected  with 
liis  father.  He  sought  Royal  protection,  and  retired  from  the 
United  States  with  the  British  troops.  After  the  conclusion 
of  the  war,  he  settled  in  New  Brunswick,  and  published  the 
"  Royal  Gazette,"  at  the  city  of  St.  John.  In  1792  he  was 
Deputy  Postmaster-General  of  the  Province.  His  health 
becoming  impaired,  he  left  New  Brunswick  in  1799,  and 
died  at  Baltimore  in  July  of  that  year. 

Sparhawk,  Samuel  Hirst.  Of  Kittery,  Maine.  He 
graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1771.  He  was  in  Bos- 
ton in  1774  and  1775,  and  was  an  Addresser  of  both  Hutch- 
inson and  Gage.  Subsequently  he  went  to  England  with  his 
family,  of  four  persons.  In  1780  he  attended  a  ladies'  debat- 
ing club,  London,  and  heard  the  question  discussed :  "  Was 
Adam  or  Eve  most  culpable  in  Paradise?"  He  died  in  1789. 
The  second  Sir  William  Peppex*ell  was  his  brother. 

Si'ARHAWK,  Nathaniel.  Of  Salem,  Massachusetts.  Grad- 
uated at  Harvard  University  in  1765.  He  was  appointed  to 
the  Council  in  1773,  but  declined.     He  died  in  1814. 

Speakman,  Townsend.  Of  Philadelphia.  In  1776  held 
up  to  the  world  as  an  enemy  to  his  country,  by  the  Commit- 
tee of  Inspection  and  Observation  of  that  city,  for  refusing  to 
receive  Continental  money.  He  admitted  the  offence,  and 
plead  scruples  of  conscience,  as  the  bills  were  emitted  for  pur- 
pose, of  war ;  he  acknowledged,  too,  that  he  took  the  paper 
currency  of  Pennsylvania,  which  was  issued  for  objects  quite 
as  objectionable,  in  the  opinion  of  the  Committee,  as  the 
other. 

Spence,  William.  Went  to  Now  Brunswick,  in  1783, 
in  circumstances  of  great  poverty  and  destitution  ;  but  accu- 
mulated a  large  estate.  He  died  at  Hampton,  in  that  Prov- 
ince, in  1821,  at  the  age  of  seventy-four. 

Spencer,  Zack.  Of  North  Carolina.  Caught  asleep, 
tried,  and  condemned  to  death.  Begged  for  his  life,  and 
promised  to  turn  Whig.  Sworn  on  an  old  almanac  for 
want  of  a  Bible,  and  released.  Spencer's  Mountain,  Gaston 
County,  North  Carolina,  derives  its  name  from  Zack. 


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SPIERS.  -  SPROAT. 


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SriERS,  John.  Went  to  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  at 
the  peace,  and  was  a  grantee  of  that  cit}-.  He  died  there  in 
1820,  aged  seventy-tiiree.  There  was  a  Loyalist  of  this  name 
in  Georgia  who  was  attainted,  and  whose  estate  was  confis- 
cated. 

Si'iNK,  N.  Of  Rhode  Island.  Ho  left  the  State  durinjr 
the  war,  and  joined  the  enemy  ;  but  returning,  was,  by  Act 
of  May,  1788,  ordered  to  quit  it. 

SPHAno,  Thomas.  A  captain.  Went  to  St.  John,  New 
Brunswick,  at  the  peace,  and  was  a  grantee  of  that  city.  He 
died  at  Springfield,  King's  County,  in  1812,  aged  eighty-two. 

Spring,  Marsiiam,.  Of  Watertown,  Massachusetts. 
Physician.  He  graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1702. 
A  relative  bequeathed  him  a  large  estate,  which  he  retained 
and  increased.  At  the  Revolution  he  was  in  full  practice, 
and  mostly  in  Whig  families.  But  he  expressed  his  opposi- 
tion to  the  popular  movement  without  fear  or  disguise.  He 
was  often  summoned  before  the  "Committee,'*'  and  always 
obeyed;  for,  as  he  said,  in  irony,  "they  now  stand  in  the 
place  of  my  King,  and  it  was  a  fundamental  principle  that 
the  King  can  do  no  wi'ong."  Such,  indeed,  was  liis  notori- 
ous Toryism  that  he  would  have  been  sent  out  of  the  country, 
probably,  "but  for  the  exigencies  of  the  ladies."  In  the  party 
divisions  of  a  later  period,  he  was  a  Democrat.  Charged  with 
his  inconsistency,  he  replied,  "that  his  Majesty  reigned  by 
the  grace  of  God,  and  tlie  Whigs  had  taught  him  that  vi>r 
popuU  was  vox  Dei.''''  Ho  was  a  great  wit,  and  the  wits  of 
his  time  took  much  pleasure  in  his  society.  He  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Convention  of  Massachusetts  whicii  adopted  the 
Federal  Constitution,  and  of  the  Executive  Council  of  the 
State.  He  died  in  1818,  aged  seventy-five.  An  only  son 
inlierited  his  property,  estimated  at  a  quarter  of  a  million  of 
dollars. 

Sproat,  David.  Of  Philadelphia.  Commissary  of  Naval 
Prisoners.  Previous  to  the  Revolution  he  was  a  merchant. 
The  mortality  of  persons  under  his  care,  at  New  York,  was 
very  great ;  but  it  is  impossible  to  state  facts  which  concern 
him  personally  with  accurac".     He  was  attaiited  of  treason 


filiil 


SPROULE.  —  ST  ANSBUR  Y. 


325 


in  Pennsylvania,  and  his  estate  was  forfeited.  He  died  at  his 
liouse,  Kirkcudbright,  Scotland,  in  1790,  aged  sixty-four. 

Sphoule,  George.  Of  Long  Island,  New  York.  He 
settled  in  New  Brunswick,  and  became  Surveyor-General  of 
that  Province,  and  a  member  of  Council.  He  died  at  Fred- 
ericton,  in  1817,  aged  seventy-six. 

Spurgeon,  William.  Of  North  Carolina.  Major  in 
Boyd's  corps.  Authorized  by  Governor  Martin,  January, 
1776,  to  erect  the  King's  standard,  to  enlist  and  array  in 
arms  the  loyal  subjects  of  Rowan  County,  and  "  to  oppose  all 
rebels  and  traitors."  In  1779,  in  the  battle  of  Kettle  Creek, 
when  Boyd  was  mortally  wounded,  and  Moore,  the  Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel, exhibited  a  want  of  military  skill,  Spurgeon 
conducted  with  spirit,  and  maintained  his  ground  until  over- 
powered.    Estate  confiscated. 

Stackhouse,  Robert.  Died  at  Carleton,  New  Brunswick, 
in  1831,  aged  seventy-six. 

Stafford,  -: .      Surgeon  of  the  Maryland  J^oyalists. 

He  embarked  for  Nova  Scotia,  in  1783,  in  the  transport  ship 
Martha,  and  was  wrecked  in  that  Colony  off  Tusket  River. 
Many  perished,  but  the  Doctor  was  among  those  wlio  escaped. 
[See  James  Henley.'] 

Stagge,  Cornelius.  Of  New  York.  He  "  served  three 
years  in  the  Rebel  Artillery."  He  attempted  *o  escajie 
shortly  after  the  reduction  of  Fort  Montgomery,  but  was 
apprehended  and  brought  back.  After  his  discharge  he 
joined  the  Royal  side,  and  gave  "intelligence,"  which  is 
dated  Februaiy  18,  1780. 

Stansblry,  Joseph.  Of  Philadelphia.  Born  in  England. 
Emigrated  some  years  before  the  Revolution,  and  settled  as  a 
merchant.  Of  literary  tastes,  of  integrity  in  his  dealings,, 
and  of  many  private  virtues,  he  was  generally  respected.  In 
1776,  it  was  reported  that  he  "  sung  God  save  the  King  in. 
his  house,  and  that  a  number  of  persons  present  bore  him 
chorus :  "  before  the  close  of  that  year  he  was  committed  to 
prison.  In  1777  there  was  a  change  in  his  fortunes,  for  he 
was  appointed  by  Sir  William  Howe  one  of  the  Commis- 

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STANSBURY.  -  STANTON. 


sioners  for  selecting  and  governing  the  city  watch  ;  and  in 
1778,  a  manager  of  that  officer's  lottery  for  the  relief  of  the 
poor.  In  1780  the  Whigs  were  again  in  possession  of  Phila- 
delphia, and  he  was  again  in  prison  ;  and  the  agent  of  Loy- 
alists' estates  was  directed  by  the  Council  of  Pennsylvania  to 
make  an  inventory  of  his  goods  and  effects.  Mr.  Stansbury 
petitioned  for  leave  to  live  within  the  British  lines,  but  was 
refused  as  related  to  New  York.  His  request  was,  however, 
finally  granted  without  condition  as  to  place,  on  his  promise 
to  use  his  utmost  endeavors  to  pfocure  the  release  and  safe 
return  of  two  prisoners  who  were  then  on  Long  Island ;  and 
the  further  promise,  to  do  nothing  injurious  to  the  Whig 
cause.  He  was  liberated,  the  keys  of  his  property  restored, 
and  a  pass  granted  to  his  wife,  six  children,  and  servant.  He 
went  to  New  York,  where  he  continued  during  the  remainder 
of  the  war,  and  constantly  wrote  on  the  side  of  the  Crown. 
His  "  Loyal  Verses,"  edited  by  Winthrop  Sargent,  have  just 
been  published  (August,  1860). 

At  the  peace,  Mr.  Stansbury  removed  to  Nova  Scotia  and 
designed  to  settle  there  ;  but  ho  soon  returned  to  the  United 
States.  In  1785  he  was  in  Philadelphia,  with  the  design  of 
resuming  his  former  business,  but  warned  to  quit  the  city; 
and,  threatened  with  violence  if  he  remained,  he  retreated  to 
New  York,  where  he  was  Secretary  of  an  Insurance  Com- 
pany, and  where  he  died,  in  1809,  at  the  age  of  fifty-nine. 

Stansbury,  Adonijah.  Of  Delaware.  Re  became  a 
settler  at  Wyoming,  where  he  was  soon  recognized  as  a  dis- 
guised enemy.  In  1777,  after  the  marriage  of  his  daughter  to 
a  person  of  opposite  political  sentiments,  who  purchased  his 
property,  he  retired  from  the  settlement,  and  from  the  storm 
which  his  course  of  conduct  had  created. 

Stanton,  Benjamin.  Of  Rhode  Island.  Went  to  St. 
John,  New  Brunswick,  at  the  peace,  and  was  a  grantee  of 
that  city.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Loyal  Artillery  of  St. 
John  in  1795.  He  died  in  1823,  aged  sixty-eight.  His  son 
Benjamin  was  the  first  male  child  of  Loyalist  parentage  born 
in  St.  John. 


ST  ARIA.  — f..  CROIX. 


827 


Staria,  John.  A  feigned  name,  wrote  Washington,  in 
1780,  and  sometimes  called  the  "  Irish  Dutchman,"  because 
he  spoke  both  languages.  He  made  constant  visits  between 
New  York  and  Lancaster,  Pennsylvania,  accompanied  by  a 
lusty  old  man  named  John  Smith,  who  served  him  as  a  guide, 
to  get  recruits  for  the  King's  service. 

Stark,  William.  Of  New  Hampshire.  He  was  an 
officer  in  the  French  war,  and  saw  much  service ;  having 
been  engaged  in  the  capture  of  Ticonderoga,  Crown  Point, 
Loiiisburg,  and  Quebec.  As  the  war  of  the  Revolution 
opened,  he  applied  for  the  command  of  a  regiment,  but  the 
Now  Hampshire  Assembly  preferred  another  officer,  and  he 
went  over  to  the  side  of  the  Crown,  and  became  a  Colonel  in 
the  Royal  Army.  He  endeavored  to  persuade  General  John 
Stark,  the  victor  of  Bennington,  who  was  his  brother,  to 
adopt  the  same  course  ;  but  John  was  not  to  be  moved. 
William  Stark  is  represented  as  a  man  of  great  bravery  and 
hardihood,  but  as  wanting  in  moral  firmness.  He  was  killed 
at  Long  Island,  New  York,  by  a  fall  from  his  horse.  His 
name  appears  in  the  Banishment  and  Proscription  Act  of 
New  Hampshire,  his  estate  was  confiscated.  He  was  one  of 
the  proprietors  of  Piggtvachct,  now  Fryeburg,  Maine,  and  a 
hill  there  was  named  for  him. 

Starr,  David.  Died  at  Cornwrllis,  Nova  Scotia,  in 
1828. 

Starr,  Joseph.  Died  at  Cornwallis,  Nova  Scotia,  in 
1840,  aged  eighty-four  yrurs. 

St  AVERS,  Bartiiolmevv^.  Of  Portsmouth,  New  Hamp- 
shire. The  "  first  regular  stage-driver  North  of  Boston." 
When,  in  1763,  he  put  on  a  four-horso  carriage,  he  advertised 
that  he  could  "  be  spoke  with  from  Saturday  night  to  Mon- 
day night  ....  at  the  sign  of  the  Earl  of  Halifax." 
A  stout  Loyalist,  and  of  the  opinion  that  the  "Rebels"  would 
swing  for  it.  He  embarked  for  England  in  1774.  Proscribed 
and  banished  in  1778. 

St.  Croix,  S.  T.  de.  Of  New  Rochelle,  New  York.  A 
Captain  in  a  corps  of  Loyalists.     He  went  to  St.  John,  New 


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STEARNS.—  STEPHENS. 


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lirunswick,  at  iha  peace,  and  was  one  of  the  grantees  of  that 
city.     He  removed  to  Digby,  Nova  Scotia. 

Stkauns,  Jonathan.  Of  Massachusetts.  He  graduated 
at  Harvard  University  in  1770.  Removing  to  Nova  Scotia 
M'ith  the  British  Army  in  1770,  he  was  appointed  Solicitor- 
General  of  that  Colony  in  1707,  but  died  the  following  year, 
and  was  succeeded  by  James  Stewart.  His  wife  was  a  tlaugh- 
ter  of  Thomas  Ilobie,  a  Loyalist,  who  Is  noticed  in  these 
pages.  Before  leaving  the  United  States,  Mr.  Stearns  was 
driven  from  his  residence,  and  was  one  of  the  eighteen  country 
iientlemen  who  were  Addressers  of  Gage. 

CIS  ~ 

Stkel,  Richard.  Known  also  by  the  name  of  Williams. 
Tried  for  his  life  in  New  York  three  times.  Imprisoned,  he 
broke  jail.  Sir  William  Howe  gave  him  a  commission.  In 
1777,  arrested  and  committed  to  jail  in  Boston. 

Steele,  Thomas.  Of  Leicester,  Massachusetts.  Judge 
of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas  for  the  County  of  Worcester. 
He  ^vas  the  son  of  Thomas  Steele,  was  born  in  Boston,  and 
graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1780,  (in  family  dignity) 
the  fourth  of  his  class.  He  became  a  merchant.  He  served 
his  town  as  Clerk,  and  as  Representative  in  the  General 
Court.  In  1750  he  was  elevated  to  the  Bench,  and  remained 
until  the  Revolution.  The  evidence  is,  as  examined  by 
Governor  Washburn,  (the  liistorian  of  Leicester,)  "  that  he 
was  a  man  of  high  respectability  of  character,"  and  that  he 
"  possessed  the  confidence  of  his  fellow-citizens,  though  differ- 
ing from  them  in  his  political  sentiments."  On  the  same 
authority,  I  add  that  he  was  probably  the  only  Loyalist  in 
that  town.  Four  of  Judge  Steele's  daughters  were  married  : 
one,  to  the  Hon.  Joseph  Allen  ;  another,  to  Doctor  John 
Honeywood ;  a  third,  to  Doctor  Edward  Rawson  ;  the  last, 
to  a  Mr.  Hitchcock,  of  Brookfield ;  Mary  died  single.  His 
two  sons  were  Thomas  and  Samuel. 

Stephens,  John.  Died  in  Nova  Scotia  in  1805.  In  the 
Revolution  he  belonged  to  a  corps  of  Dragoons. 

Stephens,  Thomas.  Captain  in  the  Pennsylvania  Loy- 
alists. Went  to  Abaco,  was  a  member  of  the  House  of  As- 
sembly, and  died  there  in  1787. 


STEPHENS.  —  STEUAUT. 


329 


Stephens,  Solomon.  Of  Now  Ilampsliire.  Was  pro- 
se ribed  and  banished.  lie  died  at  Muscjuash,  Now  Bruns- 
wick, 1819,  a^od  sixty-six. 

Steuakt,  Charles.  Of  Virginia.  Receiver-General  of 
the  Customs  in  British  North  America.  He  was  born  at 
Kirkwall,  Orkney,  in  1725 :  and  at  the  ago  of  twelve  was 
sent  to  the  University  of  Edinburgh,  where  he  studied  mathe- 
matics under  an  on.inent  disciple  of  Newton.  In  1741  he 
went  to  Virginia  as  storekeeper  for  Robert  Boyd,  a  large 
tobacco-dealer  in  Glasgow.  He  soon  acquired  a  thorough 
knowledge  of  business,  established  a  character  for  integrity, 
and  became  the  partner  of  a  resident  merchant ;  but  finally 
founded  a  house  of  his  own  at  Norfolk.  His  political  pre- 
ferment seems  to  have  been  owing  to  his  humane  attentions 
to  some  '•Spanish  officers  and  a  lady,  of  high  rank,  who  were 
driven  into  Virginia  in  distress,  while  on  their  passage  from 
Havana  to  Cadiz.  The  circumstances  of  their  case  were  such 
as  to  attract  the  notice  of  the  British  and  Spanish  govern- 
ments ;  and  Mr.  Steuart,  on  going  to  England,  was  treated 
with  marked  respect  by  the  ministers  of  both.  Mr.  Gren- 
ville,  Ciiancellor  of  the  Exchequer,  conferred  upon  him  the 
office  of  Siu'veyor-General  of  the  Customs,  which  ho  hold 
during  the  Stamp-Act  troubles,  and  until  the  establishment  of 
the  Board  of  Customs  at  Boston,  when  he  was  appointed 
Receiver-General.  He  returned  to  England  just  before  the 
appeal  to  arms  ;  and,  detained  by  the  continually  increasing 
asperity  of  the  controversy,  never  came  back  to  America. 

His  name  is  coimected  with  one  of  the  celebrated  cases  in 
English  jurisprudence.  While  living  in  London,  his  slave 
Somerset  became  idle  by  indulgence,  and  at  last  deserted  his 
service,  and  insulted  his  person.  In  punishment,  Mr.  Steuart 
put  him  on  board  of  a  ship  bound  to  Jamaica.  This  is  one 
version.  Another  account  is,  that  the  poor  negro  was  turned 
out  into  the  street  to  die  during  a  fit  of  sickness ;  and  that 
when,  by  the  humanity  of  Granville  Sharp  and  others,  he  had 
been  restored  to  health,  he  was  claimed  by  his  master  as  prop- 
erty. Be  the  truth  as  it  may,  it  is  certain  that,  at  the  instance 
28* 


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STKUART.—  STKWAUU. 


of  Mr.  Sharp,  a  writ  of  huhean  corpux  was  obtained,  and  tliat 
Lord  MaiisHoId  docided  not  only  tlie  freedom  of  Sonicrsi't, 
but  that  u  master  could  not  send  his  negro  servant  from  Eng- 
land to  a  Colony  or  any  other  country.  The  result  of  this  trial 
was  a  movement  to  abolish  the  slave-trade;  und  the  union  of 
Clarkson  and  Wilberforce  with  Sharp  to  effect  that  purpose. 

Mr.  Steuart  was  in  the  possession  of  an  ample  fortune,  and 
continued  to  reside  in  London  until  17'J0,  when,  settling  his 
affairs,  ho  retired  to  his  brother's  house,  St.  Andrew's  S(juare, 
Edinburgh,  where  he  died,  November  27,  171)7. 

Stkvkns,  IJknjamin.  Of  Kittery,  Maine.  lie  graduated 
at  Harvi  rd  University  in  1740,  and  was  ordained  a  minister 
in  1751.  At  a  subscciuent  j)eriod,  he  received  the  degree  of 
Doctor  of  Divinity.  On  the  death  of  Doctor  Holyoke,  Presi- 
dent of  Harvard  University,  he  was  thought  of  as  his  succes- 
sor. Hutchinson  says  that  "  the  corporation,  who  were  to 
elect  a  "  president,  "  consulted  the  Boston  representatives  in 
every  step.  Two  of  the  corporation  [Doctor  VVinthrop,  Pro- 
fessor of  Mathematics,  and  Doctor  Cooper,  one  of  the  minis- 
ters of  Boston],  great  friends  of  the  popular  cause,  were  suc- 
cessively elected,  and  declined  accepting.  The  minister  of 
Kittery  would  have  had  the  voice  of  the  people,  if  his  politi- 
cal principles  had  not  been  a  bar.  The  want  of  a  concur- 
rence with  other  necessary  qualifications  in  the  same  person, 
caused  the  place  to  remain  vacant  longer  than  usual." 
Doctor  Stevens  died  in  ITOl,  aged  seventy.  Several  of  his 
sermons  were  published.  He  sustained  an  excellent  charac- 
ter, and  was  an  able  man. 

Stevkns,  John.  Of  Charlestown,  Massachusetts.  Grad- 
uated at  Harvard  University  in  1766.  Ai'rested  by  order  of 
the  Council  in  1776.  At  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  at  the 
peace.     Died  in  1792. 

Stevens,  Shubal.  Died  in  King's  County,  New  Bruns- 
wick, 1820,  aged  seventy-four. 

Steward,  Adam.  Of  Boston.  In  September,  1777,  he 
was  seized  in  that  town,  fastened  to  a  cart,  and  carried  to  Rox- 
bury,  where  another  party  conveyed  him  to  Dedham.     The 


^in 


STEWART. 


881 


object  was  to  ♦'  cart  him  "  tliroutrli  every  town  in  jNtassacliu- 
setts,  and  drive  him  to  join  the  Hritinh  in  Rhode  Island.  Ho 
died  prior  to  November,  1778.  Sarah,  his  widow,  was  ex- 
ecutrix of  his  will. 

Stkwaut,  Duncan.  Last  Royal  Collector  of  the  Customs, 
New  London,  Connecticut. 

He  was  dismissed  in  1770,  when  the  Whigs  committed  the 
aft'airs  of  the  customs  to  the  Governor ;  but  remained  in  town 
without  restraint,  save  that  ho  could  not  leave  without  per- 
mission. Leave  was  granted,  it  would  seem,  as  often  as  he 
asked  it,  on  parole.  In  1777  he  obtained  liberty  to  remove 
with  his  family  and  effects.  The  "  populace  "  were  much 
offended  because  he  was  treated  so  liberally,  and  manifested 
their  displeasure  by  seizing  and  burning  some  goods  that  were 
intended  for  the  use  of  his  family.  The  leaders  of  the  mob 
were  arrested  and  conunitted  to  jail ;  but  were  released  and 
remained  at  large,  as  the  authorities  could  not  command 
a  force  to  reconunit  them  to  prison.  Yet,  ho  was  allowed  to 
dejjart  for  New  York  without  demonstrations  of  personal  dis- 
respect. He  wont  to  EugJanU.  He  was  married  in  Boston, 
January,  17ti7,  to  Nancy,  youngest  daughtet  of  John  Erving. 
Three  children  wcix-  born  in  New  London  ;  one  who  died  in 
infancy,  and  two  sons  who  accompanied  their  parents  to  Eng- 
land. Mr.  Stewart  was  subsequently  Collector  of  the  Cus- 
toms at  Rermuda.     He  died  in  London  in  1708. 

Stkwakt,  Jamks.  An  officer  in  a  corps  of  Loyalists. 
Went  to  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  at  the  peace,  and  wjis 
one  of  the  grantees  of  that  city.  He  died  at  Nushwaak,  in 
that  Province,  in  1887,  aged  eighty-two,  leaving  a  widow, 
eight  children,  and  forty-two  grandchildren. 

Stkwakt,  J  vmes.  I  conclude  was  a  Loyalist.  He  was 
an  early  settler  of  St.  John.  New  Brunswick,  and  survived 
all  the  gentlemen  who,  with  him,  in  178."),  were  appointed  to 
civil  office  under  the  charter  of  that  city.  He  died  at  Chelten- 
ham, England,  in  1840,  aged  seventy-nine  years. 

Stkwakt,  William.  He  removed  to  St.  Andrew,  New 
Brunswick,  on  the  evacuation  of  Castine  by  the  Royal  troops. 


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STEWART. 


in  1783,  where  lie  continued  to  reside  until  his  decease.  For 
many  years  he  was  a  pilot  of  that  port.  A  large  family  of 
children  and  grandchildren  survived  him.  His  wife  died  at 
St.  Andrew's  Island,  September,  1843,  at  the  age  of  eighty- 
four. 

Stewart,  Allen.  Lieutenant  in  the  North  Carolina  Vol- 
unteers.    Went  to  England.     Died  in  Scotland  in  1793. 

Stewart,  John.  Of  New  York.  Merchant.  He  was 
born  in  Ireland,  and  educated  at  Dublin  University.  He 
came  to  America  and  established  himself  at  New  York.  In 
the  Revohition  he  was  an  officer  in  the  Commissary  Depart- 
ment. He  went  to  Digby,  Nova  Scotia,  about  the  year  1785, 
In  1819  he  removed  to  Upper  Canada,  and  died  there  two 
or  three  years  afterwards.  He  left  ten  children,  one  of  whom, 
James,  is  (1861)  Postmaster  of  Digb}'. 

Stewart,  Charles.  In  December,  1778,  in  a  letter  dated 
at  New  York,  and  addressed  to  Galloway  in  England,  he  said : 
"  Great  dissensions  have  arose  among  the  leading  people,  inso- 
much that  General  Thompson  laid  his  stick  over  Chief  Justice 
McKean's  head,  in  the  Coffee-Koom  at  Philadelphia,  calling 
him  and  many  of  the  Congress  rascals,  for  which  he  has  been 
taken  before  a  Committee  of  Congress,  where  he  still  rests. 
He  is  supported  by  Generals  Miliiin,  St.  Clair,  and  Arnold, 
and  many  of  the  citizens.  Arnold,  it  is  said,  will  be  dis- 
charged, being  generally  thought  a  pert  Tory.  Certain  it  is 
that  he  associates  mostly  with  tiiose  people,  and  is  to  be  mar- 
ried to  Miss  Shippen,  daughter  of  Edward  Shippen,  Estp" 
The  Rev.  Dr.  Inglis,  in  a  letter  to  Galloway  the  same  month, 
relates  the  quarrel  between  Thompson  and  McKean  much  like 
Stewart ;  and  adds,  "  Even  Rebels  can  sometimes  tell  truth." 

Stewart,  Anthony.  Of  Maryland.  He  was  one  of  the 
Agents  of  the  Fifty-five  Petitioners  for  land  in  Nova  Scotia. 
[See  Abljah  Willard.^  In  a  Loyalist  tract  published  in  Lon- 
don in  1784,  it  is  said  that,  at  the  moment  of  the  trial  of  Lip))in- 
cott  [see  notice  of  him],  he  brought  a  letter  which  he  requested 
Lippincott  to  copy  and  sign,  in  order  to  exculpate  the  Board 
of  Refugees,  and  thus  take  the  blame   himself  of  hanging 


STICKNEY.  -  STINSON. 


888 


Huddy  ;  that  Lippincott,  not  suspecting  the  design,  was  about 
to  comply,  when  he  was  arrested  ;  and  that,  but  for  this  ai'rest, 
he  would  have  been  without  any  defence  whatever,  and  of 
consequence,  would  have  been  convicted  of  murder.  I  find 
Stewart  spoken  of  as  guilty  of  chicanery,  and  as  having  had 
"  the  audacity  to  insult  the  Governor  of  Nova  Scotia  with  im- 
pertinent letters." 

Stickney,  Jonathan,  Jr.  Of  Rowley,  Massachusetts. 
Sent  prisoner  to  the  Council,  in  1776,  by  the  Committee  of 
that  town,  with  the  testimony  against  him.  One  witness  said 
that  Stickney  declared  ho  would  not  fight  on  either  side,  but 
if  compelled  to  choose  he  would  fight  for  the  King  ;  and  that 
he  thought  the  General  Court  the  most  ignorant  body  of  men 
God  ever  permitted  to  transact  so  important  business.  A 
second  averred  that  he  called  the  Continental  Congress  a 
pack  of  rascally  villains.  Another,  that  he  declared  that 
most  of  the  Colonies  had  rebelled  without  any  provocation ; 
that  he  wished  the  leaders  of  the  rebellion  might  become  turn- 
spits  to  the  nobility  of  England ;  and  that  tliose  who  destroyed 
the  tea  were  damned  rascals.  A  fourth,  that  he  said  he 
should  be  glad  to  see  the  blood  streaming  from  the  hearts 
of  the  authors  of  the  difficulties,  &c.,  &c.  On  the  18th  of 
April,  Stickney  was  committed  to  jail,  in  Ipswich,  on  the 
warrant  of  the  Council  and  House,  and  forbidden  the  use  of 
pen,  ink,  and  paper,  and  conversation  with  any  person  what- 
soevor,  unless  in  hearing  of  the  jailor.  The  Legislature,  on 
his  petition,  passed  a  Resolve  for  his  release,  on  condition  that 
he  paid  the  costs  of  his  apprehension  and  imprisonment,  and 
gave  a  free  and  full  promise  to  observe,  for  the  future,  strict 
decorum  in  his  words  and  actions,  and  otherwise  demean  him- 
self as  a  good  citizen. 

Stilweli,,  Daniel.  An  early  settler  in  New  Brunswick. 
He  died  at  Grand  Lake,  Queen's  County,  in  1842,  at  the  age 
of  eighty-six  years,  having  resided  in  that  Province  fifty-nine 
years. 

Stinson,  John,  John  Jr.,  and  Samuel.  Of  New  Hamp- 
shire.    Were  proscribed  and  banished  in  1778.     John  Stin- 


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334 


STINSON.  —  STOCKTON. 


son,  a  Loyalist,  was  a  grantee  of  St.  John,  New  Brunswick, 
in  1783. 

Stinson,  .  Of  or  near  Woolwich,  Maine.  Ac- 
cused of  loyalty,  he  armed  himself  to  prevent  a  Whig  officer 
from  breaking  into  his  house ;  when  his  wife,  terrified  at  the 
commotion,  fell  into  travail,  and  almost  instantly  expired. 

Stirling, .    Lieutenant  in  the  Maryland  Loyalists. 

In  1783  he  embarked  in  the  transport  ship  Martha^  for  Nova 
Scotia,  and  was  wrecked  in  that  Colony,  off  Tusket  River. 
He  got  upon  a  piece  of  the  wreck,  with  two  other  officers, 
but  perished  before  reaching  the  shore.     [See  James  Henley. '\ 

Stirling,  Jonathan.  Of  Maryland.  A  Captain  in  the 
Maryland  Loyalists.  In  1783  one  of  the  survivors  of  the 
transport  ship  Martha,  *vrecked  on  the  passage  to  Nova  Scotia. 
[See  James  Heiiley.']  He  settled  at  St.  John,  New  Bruns- 
wick, and  was  one  of  the  grantees  of  that  city.  He  received 
half-pay.  He  died  at  St.  Mary's,  York  County,  New  Bruns- 
wick, in  1826,  aged  seventy-six.  Aim,  his  widow,  died  at 
the  same  place,  in  1845,  at  the  age  of  eighty-two. 

St.  John, .     A  physician  of  this  name,  and  a  near 

relative  of  Hector  St.  John,  died  in  England,  in  1785,  aged 
sixty-five.  "  He  lost  the  whole  of  his  property  during  the  late 
troubles  in  America."  Of  this  name  I  find  two :  Thomas, 
an  Ensign  in  the  Royal  Garrison  Battalion  ;  and  Nehemiah, 
of  Connecticut,  a  member  of  the  Reading  Loyalist  Associa- 
tion ;  possibly  the  Doctor  was  one  of  them. 

Stoho,  John.      Died  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  in 
1799,  aged  thirty-five. 

Stockhridge,  Benjamin.  Of  Marshfield,  or  Scituate, 
Massachusetts.  Physician.  Fled  to  Boston  in  1775  ;  but 
returned  home,  and  placed  himself  at  the  mercy  of  the 
Whigs.  Committed  to  Plymouth  Jail ;  petitioned  the  Coun- 
cil to  release  him.  October,  1776,  was  discharged,  on  con- 
dition of  paying  the  expenses  of  his  imprisonment,  and  of 
confining  himself  to  his  own  estate,  except  with  the  leave  of 
Committee,  and  to  attend 


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Stockton,  Richard  V.    Major  in  the  New  Jersey  Volun- 


STOCKTON.  —  STODDARD. 


385 


teers.  Known  as  "  Stockton,  the  famous  land  pilot "  to  the 
King's  troops.  He  was  surprised,  February  18,  1777;  by 
Colonel  Neilson,  of  Brunswick,  New  Jersey,  and,  with  fifty- 
nine  privates,  taken  prisoner.  General  Putnam  sent  him  to 
Philadelphia  in  irons,  which  Washington  disapproved.  The 
Major,  he  said,  "has,  I  believe,  been  very  active  and  mis- 
chievous ;  but  we  took  him  in  arms,  as  an  officer  of  the  ene- 
my, and  by  the  rules  of  war  we  are  obliged  to  treat  h'm  as 
such,  and  not  as  a  felon."  Stockton,  June  15,  1777,  wrote 
General  Skinner  from  the  State  Prison,  Philadelphia,  that  he 
was  about  setting  out  for  Yorktown  with  other  prisoners ; 
and  that  he  had  been  in  a  poor  state  of  health  for  a  long  time, 
but '.  ^1  fretting  somewhat  better.  In  1780,  on  Long  Island, 
New  ":  ^-  Derick  Amberman,  a  miller,  was  murdered  by  a 
Briti  .  .itif-pay  officer,  and  his  guest,  a  Major  Stockton,  of 
New  Jersey.  The  Briton  used  the  head  of  a  loaded  whip, 
the  American  a  sword.  The  question  arose  which  weapon 
caused  the  death ;  and  a  surgeon  who  examined  the  body  was 
of  the  opinion  that,  though  the  forehead  was  much  swollen, 
the  mortal  wound  was  made  with  the  sword,  which  passed 
within  an  inch  of  the  heart.  It  is  said,  further,  than  an 
Irish  officer  accused  this  Major  Stockton  of  the  murder,  sub- 
sequently, in  Nova  Scotia,  and  that  a  challenge  was  the  result. 
The  subject  of  this  notice  went  to  St.  John,  New  Brunswick, 
at  the  peace ;  was  a  grantee  of  the  city,  and  received  half-pay. 
He  was  a  near  relative  of  Richard  Stockton,  one  of  the  Sign- 
ers of  the  Declaration  of  Independence.  Major  Stockton  died 
in  New  Brunswick.  His  daughter,  Phebe  Harriet,  died  at 
Sussex  Vale,  in  that  Pi-ovince,  in  1821,  aged  sixty.  Four 
sons,  also,  accompanied  him  into  exile;  the  last  svirvivor  of 
whom,  Samuel,  died  at  the  Vale,  in  1848,  at  the  age  of  sev- 
enty-four, leaving  a  wife  and  seven  children. 

Stockton,  Andrew.  In  1782  he  was  a  Lieutenant  in  the 
Loyal  Foresters.  In  1784  he  received  the  grant  of  a  lot  in 
the  city  of  St.  John,  New  Brunswick.  He  died  at  Sussex 
Vale. 

Stoddard,  Solomon.      Of  Northampton,   Massachusetts. 


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336 


STODDARD.  —  STOPTON. 


He  wf-  born  in  1736,  and  graduated  at  Yale  College  in 
1756.  He  studied  law,  and  settled  at  Northampton.  At 
the  beginning  of  the  Revolution  he  w?s  Sheriff  of  Hampshire 
County,  and  was  "  somewhat  obnoxious  because  of  his  cor- 
scientious  adherence  to  the  cause  of  the  Crown."  He  was 
a  man  of  strict  integrity,  and  of  courtly  manners.  He  died 
at  Northampton,  in  1827,  aged  ninety-one.  The  mother  of 
Jonathan  Edwards  was  o*^  his  lineage.  The  Rev.  David 
Tappan  Stoddard,  the  much-loved  missionary  to  the  Nesto- 
rians,  who  died  in  1857,  was  a  grandson. 

Stoddard,  Israel.  A  Major  in  the  Militia  of  Massachu- 
setts. When,  in  1775,  Graves  and  Jones  were  committed 
to  Northampton  Jail,  and  placed  in  close  confi  lement,  on  a 
charge  of  improper  communication  with  Gage,  nl  Boston,  a 
hue-and-cry  was  raised  against  him,  and  he  fled  to  New  York 
for  safety.  I  suppose  he  belonged  to  Pittsfield.  "  Our  To- 
ries," says  a  writer  of  the  time,  of  that  town,  "  are  the  worst 
in  the  Province." 

Stoddard,  Samson.  Of  Chelmsford,  Massachusetts.  Grad- 
uated at  Harvard  University  in  1730.     Died  in  1777. 

Stokes,  Anthony.  Of  Georgia.  Last  Royal  Chief  Jus- 
tice. Subscribed  the  oath  of  office  in  1768,  and  as  a  member 
of  the  Council  in  1772.  When  he  arrived  in  the  Colony 
many  of  the  first  settlers  were  alive,  and  in  conversation  with 
them  he  gleaned  many  interesting  historical  facts.  In  1778 
his  estate  was  confiscated.  He  went  to  Charleston  ;  and  at 
the  evacuation  of  that  city,  to  England.  He  died  at  London, 
in  1791>,  aged  sixty-three.  Elizabeth,  his  widow,  died  at  the 
same  city,  in  1818,  aged  eighty-four.  Judge  Stokes  was  re- 
spected, even  by  the  Whigs. 

Stone,  Ebenezer.  Died  in  Queen's  County,  New  Bruns- 
wick, in  1836,  aged  eighty-nine. 

Stopton,  John.  .  He  was  banished,  and  his  estate  was  con- 
fiscated. In  1794,  he  represented  to  the  British  Government, 
in  a  memorial  dated  at  London,  tli.it,  at  the  time  of  his  banish- 
ment, several  large  debts  were  due  to  him  in  America,  which 
he  had  been  unable  to  recover,  and  he  desired  relief.    Though 


ST(>RY.  — STOVVELL. 


337 


sums  of  money  clue  to  proscribed  Loyalists  were  not  included 
(as  it  was  generally  admitted)  in  the  Confiscation  Acts,  the 
Courts  of  some  of  the  States  were  slow  to  coerce  debtors. 

Story,  Enoch.  Of  Pennsylvania.  In  1775,  when  he 
attempted  to  establish  a  newspaper  at  Philadelphia,  a  distin- 
guished Whig  said  that  he  knew  no  more  about  printing  and 
composition  than  an  old  horse.  When  Sir  William  Howe 
occupied  that  city,  Story  was  Inspector  of  Prohibited  Goods. 
In  1778  he  was  attainted  of  treason  by  the  Government  of 
Pennsylvania,  and  went  to  England.  In  1779,  when  inquiry 
into  the  management  of  the  war  was  jiroposed  *•:  the  House 
of  Commons,  he  was  ordered  to  attend  as  a  witness.  "  Per- 
haps," it  was  pertinently  said  by  the  friends  of  Sir  William 
Howe  and  of  General  Burgovne,  "  there  was  a  desijin  to 
bring  up  American  refugees,  pensioners,  and  Custom-house 
officei's,  to  impeach  and  set  aside  the  evidence  of  military  men 
of  high  rank,  and  of  great  professional  knowledge."  He  was 
at  Tower  Hill,  London,  February,  1787. 

Story,  William.  Of  Boston.  Register  of  the  Court  of 
Vice- Admiralty.  In  1765  a  mob  assaulted  his  house,  broke 
o])en  his  otfice,  burned  his  official  books  and  papers,  and  de- 
stroyed his  furniture. 

Story,  .     Of  Duchess  County,  New  York.     Fled 

to  Queen's  County.  Owned  and  commanded  an  oyster  \  .s- 
sel.  Captured,  and  got  a  "ransom  bill  for  Uventy-five  days," 
on  payment  of  tv/enty  half-joes  and  nine  guineas.  Captured 
again,  by  ..lie  same  person,  and  paid  twenty-five  dollars,  and 
five  gallons  of  rum,  and  was  heartily  cheered  for  his  liberality. 
Captured  yet  again,  by  a  whale-boat,  and  ransomed  for  Jt03. 
Story  was  alive  in  18-t6,  aged  eighty-seven. 

SToWiOLL,  Cornelius.  Lieutenant  of  Militia,  of  Worces- 
ter, JNIassachusetts.  Returning  at  night,  early  in  1775,  from 
a  visit  to  a  neighbor,  who  wa'  suspected  of  desertion  frou^  the 
popular  cause,  he  was  knocked  down,  and  badly  bruised  and 
wounded,  because  he  was  known  as  a  true  friend  to  Govern- 
ment, and  was  supposed  to  exercise  an  influence  upon  the 
VOL.  II.  29 


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STRANG.  —  STUART. 


political  course  of  a  neighboi',  at  whose  house  he  had  passed 
the  eve? J    '. 

Strai  Gabriel.  Was  an  officer  in  a  corps  of  Loyalists. 
He  went  i,o  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  at  the  peace,  and  was 
one  of  the  grantees  of  that  city.  He  settled  there,  and  re- 
ceived half-pay.  He  died  at  St.  John,  in  1826,  aged  seventy- 
one. 

Strang,  Daniel.  In  1777  he  was  taken  with  a  paper  in 
his  possession  written  by  Colonel  Robert  Rogers,  who  then 
commanded  the  Queen's  Rangers,  dated  at  Valentiiie's  Hill, 
30th  Decem^^r,  1776,  which  authorized  him,  or  any  other 
gentlem.iu,  to  bring  in  recruits  for  his  Majesty's  service,  and 
which  pointed  out  the  terms  and  rewards  that  were  to  be  of- 
fered to  persons  who  enlisted.  When  captured,  Strang  was 
near  the  Whig  camp  at  Peekskill.  He  was  tried  by  a  court- 
martial,  and,  making  no  defence,  was  condemned  to  suffer 
death,  on  the  charge  of  holding  correspondence  with  the 
enemy,  and  lurking  around  the  camp  as  a  spy.  Washington 
approved  the  sentence. 

Strange,  Lot,  the  3d.  Of  Freetown,  Massachusetts. 
Was  proscribed  and  banished  in  1778.  He  died  at  or  near 
St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  about  the  year  1819. 

Strong,  Selah.  Of  Brookhaven,  New  York.  Manager 
of  a  lottery,  in  1783,  by  pennission  of  Governor  Robertson, 
for  the  benefit  of  Caroline  Church,  in  that  town. 

Strupwicke,  Samuel.  The  Secretary,  and  a  member  of 
the  Council,  of  North  Carolina.  In  the  war  against  the  Reg- 
ulators, he  is  called  Lieutenant-General.  He  was  present 
with  Hasell,  Rutherford,  Howard,  and  Cornell,  in  Council, 
March  1,  1775,  and,  conceiving  the  highest  detestation  of  il- 
legal meetings,  advised  Governor  Martin  to  issue  a  Proclama- 
tion to  inhibit  and  forbid  the  meeting  of  the  Whig  Conven- 
tion called  at  Newborn  on  the  3d  of  April  following. 

Stuart,  Rev.  John,  D.  D.,  the  last  Episcopal  missionary 
to  the  Mohawks,  of  the  Society  for  the  Propagation  of  the 
Gospel  in  Foreign  Parts.  He  was  born  at  Harrisburg,  Penn- 
sylvania, in  1740,  in  a  house  which  was  standing  in  1886. 


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STUART. 


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His  father,  Andrew  Stuart,  came  to  America  from  Ire- 
land. 

The  future  missionary,  wlien  he  graduated  at  the  College 
of  Philadt'l])hia,  "  made  up  his  mind  to  join  the  communion 
of  the  Church  of  England."  His  father,  a  rigid  Presbyte- 
rian, opposed  his  determination,  but  at  last  consented.  The 
Episcopal  clergy  of  his  native  Colony  recommended  him  for 
ordination  ;  and,  on  being  admitted  to  orders,  in  1770,  he  was 
a])pointed  to  the  mission  at  Fort  Hunter.  He  soon  prepared 
a  Mohawk  translation  of  the  Gospel  by  Mark,  an  exposition 
of  the  Church  Catechism,  and  a  compendious  History  of  the 
Bible.  He  was  undisturbed  until  after  the  Declaration  of  In- 
dependence, though  "  he  constantly  performed  divine  service 
without  omitting  prayers  for  the  King."  His  relations,  how- 
ever, with  the  Johnsons  and  wit'-  3  Indians  rendered  him  an 
object  of  suspicion,  and,  finally,  of  ill-treatment.  "  His  house 
was  attacked,  his  property  plundered,  and  every  i-dignity 
oftered  his  person.  His  church  was  also  plundered,  then 
turned  into  a  tavern,  and,  in  ridicule  and  contempt,  a  barre'  ^f 
rum  was  placed  on  the  reading-desk."  So,  too,  his  chu  1 
"  was  afterwards  used  as  a  stable,  and  at  last  served  as  a  fort." 
He  passed  the  winter  of  1778  at  Schenectady  ;  and  ventured 
to  remove  to  Albany  early  in  the  summer  of  the  following 
year.  But  as  he  had  submitted  to  a  "  Parole  "  of  the  Whigs, 
he  was  forced  to  go  back  to  Schenectady.  Permitted,  in  the 
end,  to  depart  to  Canada,  on  giving  security  to  eifect  the  liber- 
ation of  a  prisoner  held  by  the  British  in  exchange  for  him- 
self, he  took  leave  of  his  native  land. 

A  few  years  rftor  the  peace  he  visited  Pennsylvania,  and 
was  invited  by  Bishop  Griffith  to  settle  in  the  Diocese  of  Vir- 
ginia. Writing  in  1785,  ho  said,  "  At  my  time  of  life,  and 
with  such  riveted  prejudices  in  favor  of  a  government  totally 
dift'erent  from  that  of  the  United  States,  I  am  resolved  not  to 
look  back,  having  once  put  my  hand  to  the  plow."  In  1786 
he  opened  an  academy  at  Kingston,  and  two  years  later  he 
went  round  his  " parish"  which  was  then  above  two  bundled 
miles  long.     In  1799  the  degree  of  D.  D.  was  conferred  by 


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his  Abva  Mate',  the  University  of  Pennsylvania,  an  honor 
which  lie  appreciated.  About  the  same  time  he  was  appointed 
Chaplain  to  the  garrison,  and,  as  he  was  the  owner  of  nearly 
four  thousand  acres  of  valuable  land,  his  circumstances  were 
prosperous. 

He  died  at  Kingston,  Canada,  August,  1811,  in  his  seventy- 
first  year.  "  He  was  about  six  feet  four  inches  in  height." 
and  was  thus  known  among  his  New  York  friends  as  "  the 
little  gentleman."  The  appellation  of  the  "  Father  of  the 
Upper  Canada  Church  "  has  been  given,  and  fitly.  His  sons 
all  achieved  position.  George  Okill,  graduated  at  Harvard 
University  in  1801,  and  died  at  Kingston,  Canada  West,  in 
18(52,  one  of  the  otficiating  clergymen  in  the  Cathedral  of  tiie 
Diocese  of  Ontario,  at  the  age  of  eighty-six.  John,  another 
son,  was  Sheriff  of  Johnstown  District,  Upper  Canada.  James 
read  law  with  Jonathan  Sewall,  was  Chief  Justice  of  Lower 
Canada,  was  created  a  Baronet,  and  died  in  1853  ;  Charles 
was  Sheriff  of  Midland  District ;  and  Andrew,  the  youngest, 
was  an  eminent  lawyer  of  Quebec,  for  many  years  member 
of  the  Provincial  Parliament,  and,  at  his  decease,  Solicitor- 
General  of  Lower  Canada 

Stuart,  Ferdinand  Smyth.  Of  Maryland.  The  ac- 
count is  that  he  was  a  descendant  of  the  Duke  of  Monmouth, 
natural  son  of  Charles  the  Second.  He  studied  medicine  at 
the  University  of  Edinburgh  ;  emigrated  to  Maryland,  where 
he  was  a  physician  and  a  planter.  At  the  beginning  of  the 
Revolution  he  was  commissioned  a  Captain  in  a  Virginia 
corps  of  Loyalists,  but  was  transferred  to  the  Loyal  American 
Regiment,  and  thence  "  to  what  is  now  the  Forty-Second 
Highlanders."  Some  time  in  the  war  he  was  taken  prisoner, 
and  kept  in  irons  for  eighteen  months  in  Philadelphia.  His 
estate  of  sixty-five  thousand  acres,  which  he  estimated  to  be 
worth  £244,000,  was  confiscated.  For  awhile  the  British 
Government  gave  him  an  annual  pension  of  £300.  After  this 
compensation  for  his  losses  was  withdrawn,  he  became  very 
poor.  He  finally  returned  to  England  and  settled  in  London. 
In  December,  1814,  he  was  run  over  by  a  carriage  and  killed. 
He  left  a  widow  in  poverty,  two  sons,  and  a  daughter. 


.M-f- 


STUART. 


841 


Stuart,  John.  Of  South  Carolina.  lie  came  to  America 
with  (leiieral  Oglethorpe,  at  the  settlement  of  Georgia.  In 
1703  he  was  appointed  Superintendent  of  Indian  Affairs  for 
the  Southern  Department.  Friends  in  South  Carolina  obtained 
that  office  for  him,  pl.iced  him  in  the  Council  of  the  Province, 
and  procured  the  donation  of  X1500  in  money.  In  1775  he 
formed  a  plan,  in  concurt  with  the  Royal  Governors  of  Georgia 
and  Florida,  to  land  an  army  in  the  latter  Colony,  and,  in  alli- 
ance with  Loyalists  and  Indians,  to  assail  the  Whigs.  Moses 
Kirkland  was  sent  to  General  (lage,  at  Boston,  to  perfect  a 
system  of  operations  ;  but  was  fortunately  captured  with  all 
his  j)apers.  Stuart  himself  fled  to  Florida.  His  wife  and 
(laughter  remained  in  South  Carolina,  and  were  detained 
there  by  the  Provincial  Congress,  as  hostages  for  his  good 
behavior  ;  but  were  allowed  .£100  i)er  month,  while  restrained 
of  their  liberty,  for  their  support,  to  be  reimbursed  out  of  the 
profits  of  his  estate,  which  was  j)laced  in  the  custody  of  con»- 
missioners.  Mrs.  Stuart,  however,  soon  escaped,  and  the 
daughter  was  sent  to  prison  on  suspicion  of  assisting  her. 
The  documents  of  a  later  period  show  that  Mr.  Stuart  wa« 
an  active,  formidable  opponent  of  the  Whigs  and  their  meas- 
ures. 

In  June,  1779,  the  Committee  of  Intelligence  of  Charles- 
ton addressed  to  him  two  letters,  in  which  they  set  forth  the 
views  entertained  of  him  by  the  public,  and  to  which  he 
I'eplied  very  fully  July  18th,  of  that  year,  at  St.  Augustine. 
The  Committee  called  his  quitting  South  Carolina  a  precipi- 
tate departure  ;  but  he  answered  that  he  should  "  ever  con- 
sider it  a  most  fortunate  escape."  They  told  him  that  his 
estate  wo  ild  be  considered  as  a  "  security  for  the  good  be- 
havior of  ihe  Indians ;  "  to  which  remark  he  rejoined  that  it 
was  "disagreeable  that  his  all  should  be  held  by  .  precarious 
tenure,"  and  the  "holding  of  his  personal  safety,  and  life  it- 
self, on  such  teruis,  would  be  more  so."  He  went  to  England, 
and  died  there  before  ihe  peace.  His  property,  in  possession 
of  his  heirs  or  devisees,  was  confiscated  in  1782.  His  wife 
was  a  Miss  Fenwick  ;  daughter  of  one  of  the  richest  men  in 

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342 


STUART. 


South  Carolina.  A  notuo  of  his  son,  General  Sir  John 
Stuart,  follows. 

Stuart,  (tkn.  Sir  John,  K.  B.  Of  tho  British  Army. 
Son  of  John  Stuart,  of  South  Carolina.  Was  born  in  Amer- 
icii  in  17'>H.  He  was  sent  to  England  for  his  education,  and 
placed  at  Westminster  School.  His  father  dying,  he  entered 
the  Foot-Guards  as  Ensign.  In  the  devolution  he  served  un- 
der  Cornwallis.  At  tho  battle  of  Guildford  Court-House  he  was 
dangerously  wounded  in  the  groin,  from  tho  etlects  of  which 
he  never  entirely  recovered.  In  17U5  he  was  a  Brigadier- 
General,  and  employed  in  the  West  Indies  against  Victor 
Hugues.  In  1802  he  was  made  a  Major-General,  for  his 
services  under  Abercrombie,  in  Egypt,  during  the  preceding 
year.  Sent  to  command  in  Sicily,  he  soon  after  defeated  the 
French,  under  Regniei',  for  which  he  received  the  thanks  of 
Parliament,  &c. 

Stuart,  Gimjkrt.  Of  Newport,  Rhode  Island.  Built  the 
first  snuff-mill  in  New  England.  At  the  beginning  of  the 
Revolution  he  went  to  Nova  Scotia,  and  his  property  was 
conHscated.  His  family  followed,  by  leave  of  the  General 
Assembly,  on  petition  of  Mrs.  Stuart,  who  set  forth  that  her 
husband  was  possessed  of  a  tract  of  land  in  Newport,  in  that 
Province,  on  which  they  wished  to  live.  She  prayed  to  be 
allowed  leave  to  embark  in  the  Nova  Scotia  Packet,  David 
Ross,  Master ;  "  being  willing  to  give  ample  security  that  noth- 
ing but  the  wearing  apparel  and  the  household  furniture  of 
tho  family,  and  necessary  provisions  for  the  voyage,"  should 
be  carried  away.  Mrs.  Stuart,  "  a  very  handsome  woman," 
■was  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Captain  John  Anthony.  Their 
only  daughter,  Anne,  married  Henry  Newton,  Collector  of 
the  Customs  at  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia.  Mr.  Stuart  died  at 
Halifax,  in  1793,  aged  seventy-five. 

Stuart,  Gilufrt.  Of  Rhode  Island.  Son  of  Gilbert. 
He  was  born  in  17/J.') ;  but  whether  at  North  Kingston  or 
Newport,  Rhode  Island,  is  in  dispute.  He  was  christened 
Gilbert  Charles,  on  account  of  his  father's  loyalty  to  the 
Royal  house  of  Stuart.     He  went  to  England,  and  was  a 


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STUART.  — SUTTON. 


343 


pupil  of  Benjamin  West.  While  ahroud  lie  was  much  praised 
for  his  pictures.  He  returned  to  the  United  States  in  1794, 
and  lived  principally  at  lMiiladel|)hia  and  Washington  until 
about  the  year  IHOI,  when  he  removed  to  IJoston,  wliere  ho 
became  very  eminent.  In  portraits  he  had  no  superior,  and, 
probably,  no  equal,  in  America.  He  died  at  Boston,  in  1828, 
aged  seventy-tiu'ee. 

Stuaut,  Rkv.  Jamks.  Of  South  Carolina.  Bector  of 
Georgetown  and  All  Saints.  Entered  upon  his  duties  in 
1772  ;  went  to  England  in  1777.  Anne,  his  widow,  a  na- 
tive of  America,  died  in  England  in  1805. 

Stuakt,  Kknneth.  Of  North  Carolina.  Lieutenant  in 
the  Loyal  Militia.  Taken  prisoner  in  the  battle  at  Cross 
Creek,  1770  ;  confined  in  Halifax  Jail  ;  sent  finally  to  Mary- 
land ;  broke  i)rison  and  escaped. 

Sui.LivAN,  John.  A  Lieutenant  in  Colonel  Movland's 
regiment ;  to  whom,  in  an  exculpatory  letter  of  30th  June, 
1783,  he  says :  "  I  abandoned  my  dearest  connections  at  a 
tender  age,  to  fight  under  American  colors,  at  a  critical  period, 
and  when  affairs  were  equally  balanced."  He  and  a  Captain 
Carberry  were  ringleaders  in  the  revolt  of  the  American 
troops  in  Pennsylvania,  in  June,  1783,  and  in  their  march 
upon  Congress.  On  the  failure  of  the  mutiny,  "  these  offi- 
cers immediately  escaped  to  Chester,  and  there  got  on  board 
of  a  vessel  bound  to  London." 

Sutherland,  William.  In  1782  he  was  a  Lieutenant 
in  the  Royal  Garrison  Battalion,  and  Quartermaster  of  the 
corps.  At  New  Yo'k,  the  same  year,  a  Loyalist  Associator, 
to  settle  at  Shelburne,  Nova  Scotia.  Went  to  England,  and 
died  there  in  1813,  on  the  "  Retired  List  of  Royal  Invalids," 

Sutherland,  Alexander.  Was  an  Ensign  in  the  Royal 
Fencible  Americans.  He  was  continued  in  service  after  that 
corps  was  disbanded,  and  received  a  commission  in  the  British 
Army. 

Sutter,  James.  Died  in  New  Brunswick,  in  1817,  at  the 
age  of  eighty-six. 

Sutton,  William.     Of  Long  Island,  New  York.     Magis- 


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344 


SWANWICK.- SWORDS. 


trnto.  Sent  to  IMiiludelpliiii  by  tlio  ('onvt'Ution  of  New  York, 
(August,  1770,)  aiul  by  the  Council  of  Safety  of  Peniisyl- 
vutiia  ordered  to  be  coiiKned  in  jail,  at  his  own  ex|ti'nsi'.  In 
1771*  he  was  seized  at  Cow  Neck,  by  a  i)arty  of  VVhi^^s,  and 
carried  away  prisoner. 

SwANWicK,  HiciiAUU  and  John.  Of  Philadelphia.  Otti- 
cers  of  the  Customs.  Attainted,  and  estates  confiscated. 
IliciiAKn  was  a  Notary-Public  at  New  York  in  17H"J.  John 
Swanwick,  a  member  of  Congress  from  170;")  to  1708,  was  a 
son  of  John. 

SwKKT,  Gkohge.  Of  Rhode  Island.  Went  to  8t.  John, 
New  Brunswick,  with  his  wife  and  one  child,  in  the  ship 
Union,  in  the  spring  of  1788.  He  ilied  at  Carleton,  near 
that  city,  in  1818,  aged  sixty-nine. 

SwKEZY,  Cai/kii,  Jk.  Of  New  Jersey.  He  joined  the 
Royal  bide,  and  having  connections  who  harbored  and  secreted 
him,  was  able  to  commit  the  most  atrocious  robberies.  In 
1782  a  reward  was  offered  by  the  authorities  for  his  appre- 
liension  ;  and  his  hiding-place,  in  a  swamp,  was  finally  discov- 
ered by  a  party  of  Whigs,  who  saw  a  married  woman,  with 
whom  he  had  guilty  relations,  carry  him  food.  His  captors 
shot  him  on  the  spot. 

Swift,  John.  The  last  Loyal  Collector  of  the  Customs 
of  the  port  of  Philadelphia.  He  was  apj)ointed  in  1760  ;  his 
residence  and  office  were  in  Front,  below  Race  Street. 

SwuT,  Joseph.  Of  Bucks  County,  Pennsylvania.  Prior 
to  the  war  a  Lieutenant  in  the  British  Army.  Entered  the 
service  again,  and  was  a  Captain  of  Horse  in  the  Pennsylva- 
nia Loyalists.  He  was  known  as  "  Handsome,  but  Stutter- 
ing Joe  Swift."  Attainted  of  treason,  and  estate  confiscated. 
Went  to  Nova  Scotia,  and  married.  Returned,  and  died  at 
Philadelphia  in  1826. 

SwoRiJS,  Thomas.  Of  New  York.  Imprisoned,  he  ur- 
gently implored  Governor  Trumbull  to  be  allowed  to  see  his 
family,  from  wliom  he  had  been  separated  eight  montlis.  An 
Ensign,  subsequently,  in  the  Loyal  Americans ;  taken  pris- 
oner at  the  storming  of  Stony  Point,  in  1770. 


If  1 


SYMONDSON.  —  TALL  AN  T. 


845 


1 

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1,  .'„;     (, 

Symondson,  John.  EiittTcd  the  inilitarv  servici-  of  tho 
Crown,  and  in  17H2  was  a  liicutonant  in  tho  Third  nattalion 
of  New  JorHoy  VoIunteiTH.  IIo  settled  in  New  lirunswick, 
and  received  half-pay.     lie  died  in  that  Province. 

SvriiKKH,  J.vcoii.  Of  Chester  County,  Pennsylvania.  Ho 
was  a  miller  ;  and  in  tlie  courso  of  his  business  becamo  well 
acquainted  with  the  country,  and  with  tho  roads  through  it. 
Lord  Cornwallis,  on  ascertaining^  this  fact,  einphn^d  him  as 
n  "Land  Pilot"  for  iiis  Army,  at  one  hundred  dollars  per 
month.  While  thus  servinrr  the  ('rown,  his  brothers,  who 
were  on  the  pojtular  side,  wrote  him  fron\  home  not  to  return, 
as  his  neighbors  had  declared  that  they  would  shoot  him,  if 
they  ever  got  sight  of  him.  He  followed  this  advice  ;  and  in 
the  latter  part  of  the  war  lived  on  Long  Island,  New  Yor^■.. 
At  the  peace  he  retired  to  Nova  Scotia,  where  he  rocoivi  d 
a  yrant  of  land.  He  was  extremelv  fond  of  gardening,  and 
sent  to  Pennsylvania  for  fruit-trees,  which,  under  his  skilful 
training,  bore  excellent  fruit.  In  his  old  ago  ho  removed  to 
Kastport,  Maine,  ami  lived  with  his  grandchildren  until  his 
decease,  in  184'),  aged  ninety-seven.  He  was  attainted  of 
treason,  and  his  estate  was  confiscated  (he  was  a  man  of  prop- 
erty) as  "Jacob  Chypher."  His  only  surviving  child  (1S48) 
is  Mrs.  McMullen,  who  resides  on  tho  homestead,  Digby,  Nova 
Scotia. 

Tallant,  IIu(iH.  Of  Pelham,  New  Ilampsi.n.'  In  1770 
the  Committee  of  Inspection  of  that  town  dedaixHi  that  he  was 
an  enemy  to  his  country,  and  ordered,  on  "peril  of  his  lite," 
that  he  should  contine  himself  to  his  ow:;  tiirm.  lie  "de- 
liberately and  willingly  signed"  a  paper  v.hich  contained  this 
I'ostriction ;  but  afterwards  "  insulted  the  Committee  to  tho 
utmost  that  words  could  express,"  and  appealed  to  the  Pro- 
vincial Congress  for  a  new  trial.  His  re(iuest  was  granted. 
The  second  hearing  of  his  case  was  before  the  Conunittees  of 
three  towns,  who  not  only  affirmed  the  first  sentence,  but 
directed  that  he  should  give  sureties  to  comply  with  it,  and 
pay  the  costs  of  the  proceedings  against  him,  or  be  committed 
to  close  jail.     He  was  entrusted,  for  a  single  night,  to  the 


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346 


TAW  SE.— TAYLOR. 


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care  of  S.amiiel  Little,  of  Hampstead,  and  escaped.  The 
Pelham  Committee,  in  publishing  the  facts,  denounce  Little 
as  "  a  rescuer  and  deliverer  of  a  Tory  in  his  villany,"  and 
caution  all  persons  to  forbear  dealing  and  intercourse  with 
either,  —  the  one,  in  their  opinion,  being  as  great  a  foe  to 
truth  and  liberty  as  the  other. 

Tawse,   .      Captain    of  a   company   of   Loyalist 

Dragoons.  In  the  siege  of  Savannah,  1779,  his  command 
dismounted  and  were  posted  in  a  redoubt.  He  slew  three  of 
his  foes  with  his  own  hand,  and  was  himself  killed  in  defend- 
ing the  gate,  while  his  sword  was  in  the  body  of  his  third 
victim. 

Taylor,  Joseph.  Of  Boston.  Merchant.  Graduated 
at  Harvard  University  in  1765.  Went  to  England,  and  was 
a  member  of  the  Loyalist  Club,  London,  in  1770.  Proscribed 
and  banished  in  1778.  Returned  to  Boston,  and  tiied  there, 
in  1816,  aged  seventy-one. 

Taylor,  Nathaniel.  Of  Boston.  Deputy  Naval  Officer. 
Addresser  of  Gage  in  1775 ;  went  to  Halifax  in  1776  ;  pro- 
scribed and  banished  in  1778.  Died  at  Quebec,  in  1806, 
aged  seventy-two. 

Taylor,  John.  Of  Boston.  Addresser  of  Hutchinson 
in  177-t,  and  a  Protester  against  the  Whigs  the  same  j  3ar. 
In  1775  he  was  an  Addresser  of  Gage.  He  died  previous  to 
January,  1780. 

Taylor,  Willl\m.  Mercliant.  Of  Boston.  An  Ad- 
dresser of  Hutchinson  in  1774,  and  of  Gage  in  1775.  He 
went  to  Halifax  in  1776.  In  1778  he  was  proscribed  and 
banished.  A  person  of  this  name,  formerly  of  Boston,  died 
at  Milton,  Massachusetts,  in  1789;  and  another  at  Shelburne, 
Nova  Scotia,  in  1810,  aged  seventy-three. 

Taylor,  Gillam.  Of  Massachusetts.  Abandoned  the 
country.  Was  in  Boston  in  1794,  and  complained,  in  a 
published  card,  of  the  persons  who  had  "  pretended  to  act  in 
his  affairs  during  his  absence,"  and  of  the  injustice  of  those 
who  had  attempted  to  deprive  him  of  liberty,  property,  and 
good  name.  He  died  at  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1843,  aged 
eighty-six. 


TAYLOR. 


347 


Taylor,  John.  Of  New  Jersey.  Sheriff  of  Monmouth 
County.  A  gentleman  of  great  wealth.  Born  in  1716. 
When  Lord  Howe  arrived  to  offer  terms  of  reconciliation,  he 
appointed  Mr.  Taylor  "  His  Majesty's  Lord  High  Commis- 
sioner for  New  Jersey."  This  office,  as  well  as  the  fact  that 
all  his  children  adhered  to  the  Crown  and  were  in  the  British 
Army,  made  liim  very  obnoxious  to  the  Whigs.  He  was, 
indeed,  tried  for  his  life,  but  acquitted.  His  property  was 
applied  to  public  use,  but  not  confiscated,  since  he  was  paid  for 
it  in  Continental  money ;  yet,  such  was  the  depreciation  of 
that  currency,  that  payment  was  little  better  than  forfeiture. 
He  died  at  Perth  Amboy,  New  Jersey,  in  1708,  aged  eighty- 
two.  His  daughter  Mary,  who,  born  in  1745,  married  Doctor 
Absalom  Bainbridge,  was  the  mother  of  William  and  Joseph 
Bainbridge,  Post-Captains  in  the  United  States  Navy. 

Taylor,  William.  Of  New  Jersey.  Son  of  John, 
Siieriff  of  Monmouth  Countv.  Born  at  Middletown,  in  that 
Province,  in  1746,  and  bred  to  the  law.  He  was  a  decided 
Loyalist,  and  lost  considerable  property,  besides  the  emolu- 
ments of  his  profession.  He  was  appointed  Chief  Justice  of 
Jamaica,  and  held  that  office  until  his  marriage  to  a  daughter 
of  Colonel  Philip  Van  Cortlandt.  He  purchased  his  confis- 
cated estate  in  New  Jersey,  some  years  after  the  peace,  and 
settled  upon  it.  He  died  at  Perth  Amboy,  in  1806,  aged 
sixty.  His  children  were :  John  William,  who  died  in  the 
military  service  of  the  East  India  Company,  in  command  of 
a  battalion ;  Pringle,  Major  of  Light  Dragoons,  and  a  Knight 
of  the  Royal  Guelphic  Order  ;  Cortlandt,  a  Captain  in  the 
Madras  Artillery ;  and  George  Elliott,  who  died  in  1833. 

Taylor,  James.  Died  at  St.  Andrew,  New  Brunswick, 
January,  1835,  aged  seventy-nine  years.  He  was  a  native  of 
Glasgow,  Scotland,  and  emigrated  to  New  York  in  early  life, 
and  during  the  Revolution  was  present  on  many  a  hai'd 
fought  field.  He  went  to  St.  Andrew  at  the  j)eace  in  1783, 
and  built  the  third  house  erected  in  that  town,  which  stood 
until  within  a  few  months  of  his  decease. 

Taylor,   James.     One   of  the  earliest  settlers  of  New 


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TAYLOR. 


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Brunswick.  Died  on  the  river  St.  John,  January,  1834,  at 
the  ago  of  seventy-tliree.  He  was  a  member  ot  the  House  of 
Assembly  for  some  years  for  the  county  of  Sunbury.  He 
left  a  large  family. 

Taylor,  Daniel.  Of  New  York.  In  1777  he  was  dis- 
patched by  Sir  Henry  Clinton  to  Burgoyne,  with  intelligence 
of  the  capture  of  Fort  Montgomery,  and  was  taken  on  his 
way  by  the  Whigs  as  a  spy.  Finding  himself  in  danger,  he 
turned  aside,  took  a  small  silver  ball  or  bullet  from  his  pocket 
and  swallowed  it.  The  act  was  se'en,  and  General  George 
Clinton,  into  whose  hands  he  had  fallen,  ordered  a  severe  dose 
of  emetic  tartar  to  be  administered,  which  caused  him  to  dis- 
charge the  bullet.  On  being  unscrewed,  the  silver  was  found 
to  contain  a  letter  from  the  one  British  General  to  the  other, 
which  ran  as  follows  :  — 

"  Fort  Montgomery,  Oct.  8,  1777. 

"  Nous  voici  —  and  nothing  between  us  but  Gates.  I  sin- 
cerely hope  this  little  success  of  ours  may  faciliale  your  opera- 
tions. In  answer  to  your  letter  of  28th  of  September  by 
C.  C,  I  shall  only  say,  I  cannot  presume  to  order,  or  even 
advise,  for  reasons  obvious.     I  heartily  wish  you  success. 

"  Faithfully  vours, 

"  II.  Clinton." 

"  To  General  Burgoyne." 

Taylor  was  tried,  convicted,  and  executed,  shortly  after  his 
detection. 

Taylor,  i>  uchihald.  Of  North  Carolina.  A  Major  of 
the  Royal  Militia  of  North  Carolina.  He  died  at  Nassau, 
New  Providence,  in  181G. 

Taylor,  James.  A  magistrate.  Died  at  Fredericton, 
New  Brunswick,  in  1835,  aged  seventy-nine. 

Taylor,  James.  Of  New  York.  Settled  in  New  Bruns- 
wick in  1783,  and  died  at  Sheffield,  in  that  Province,  in  1841, 
aged  eighty-six,  leaving  three  sons  and  four  daughters. 

Taylor, .  Captain.  Went  to  England  to  repre- 
sent his  services  ;  obtained  lands  at  Weymouth,  Nova  Scotia, 


TEDFORD.  —  TEMPLE. 


349 


where  he  settled,  and  where,  about  the  year  1820,  he  died, 
leaving  a  large  family. 

TEnFORD,  Jacob  and  Samuel.  Of  New  Jersey.  Went 
to  Shelbume,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1783  ;  removed  to  Yarmouth, 
in  the  same  Province,  and  died  there. 

Tkmple,  Robekt.  Of  Massachusetts.  In  1775  he  took 
passage  at  Boston  for  London,  but  the  vessel  in  which  he  em- 
barked proving  leaky,  the  captain  put  into  Plymouth,  Massa- 
chusetts, to  refit.  While  at  Plymouth,  in  May  31,  1775, 
Mr.  Temple  addressed  the  allowing  letter  to  the  Committee 
of  Safety :  — 

"  I,  Robert  Temple,  of  Ten  Hills,  near  Charlestown,  New 
England,  do  declare  that  I  have  received  no  injury  to  my 
property,  nor  have  T  been  under  any  apprehensions  of  danger 
to  either  my  person  or  property  from  the  troops  that  are  under 
the  command  of  General  Ward ;  but  it  is  a  fact  that  I  have 
been  so  threatened,  searched  for,  attacked  by  the  name  of 
Tory,  an  enemy  to  this  country,  and  treated  in  such  a  manner 
that  not  only  my  own  judgment,  but  that  of  my  friends,  and 
almost  the  whole  of  the  town  where  I  lived,  made  it  necessary 
for  me  to  fly  fi'om  my  home.  I  am  confident  that  this  is 
owing  to  the  wickedness  of  a  few,  who  have  prejudiced  some 
short-sighted  people  against  me,  who  live  too  far  from  my 
abode  to  be  acquainted  with  my  proper  character.  I  am  con- 
firmed in  this  opinion  from  the  kind  protection  that  my  wife 
and  family  have  received,  and  continue  to  receive  fi*om  Gen- 
eral Ward,  as  well  as  from  the  sentiments  which  the  Commit- 
tee of  Safety  have  been  pleased  to  entertain  of  me. 

R.  Temple." 

He  was  at  New  York,  August  13,  1776,  and  Sir  William 
Howe  asked  Washington  if  he  had  any  objection  to  his  land- 
ing and  proceeding  thence  to  Massachusetts.  As  he  was  rep- 
resented as  "  a  high-flying  Tory,"  he  was  made  prisoner  at 
Plymouth,  and  sent  to  the  camp  at  Cambridge.  His  papers 
were  also  secured,  and  among  them  were  found  several  letters 
from  officers  of  the  Royal  Army  at  Boston  to  friends  at  home. 
He  arrived  in  Bristol,  England,  with  his  family,  August, 

VOL.  II.  30 


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TEN  BROCKE.-  THAYER. 


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1780  ;  and  gave  such  an  account  of  the  "  Dark-day,"  to  the 
Loyalists  tliere,  as  to  convince  them  that  tlie  wonders  of  which 
they  had  heard  wer>  "  literally  true."  It  appears  that  the 
ship  in  which  he  v.as  p'ssenger  sailed  under  a  flag  of  truce. 
He  died  in  England  before  the  close  of  the  war.  His  brother, 
Sir  John  Temple,  Baronet,  who  was  Consul-General  of  Great 
Britain  to  the  United  States,  married  a  daughter  of  Governor 
Bowdoin. 

His  daughter  Mehetabel  Hester,  who  died  in  1798,  was  the 
first  wife  of  the  third  Lord  Dufferin,  and  their  son  Robert 
Temple,  a  cai>tain  in  the  British  Army,  was  killed  at  Water- 
loo. 

Ten  Brooke,  Anthony,  Of  New  York.  I  suppose  a 
Loyalist.     He  died  in  England,  in  1782,  aged  seventy-seven. 

T>.RREE,  Zebepee.  Of  Freetown,  Massachusetts.  He 
went  to  Halifax  in  1770,  and  was  proscribed  and  banished  in 
1778.  The  son  of  a  Freetown  Loyalist  has  informed  me  that 
Terree  was  in  New  Brunswick  for  a  time,  but  returned  to, 
and  died  in  the  United  States,  at  or  near  his  old  home  in 
Massachusetts. 

Terry,  Thomas.  Of  Wyoming,  Pennsylvania.  He  was 
also  engaged  in  the  Massacre,  and  the  tale  that  he  "  butchered 
his  own  mother,  his  father-in-law,  his  sisters  and  their  infant 
child ;?n,"  rests  upon  the  saraQ  dubious  authority  as  the  ac- 
count which  follows. 

Terry,  Partial.  Of  Wyoming.  Pennsylvania.  Son  of 
a  respectable  Whig  of  that  beautiful  valley.  Joining  the  force 
of  Tories  and  Indians  sent  against  the  settlement,  it  is  averred 
that  "  with  his  own  hands  he  murdered  his  father,  mother, 
brothers,  and  sisters,  stripped  off  their  scalps,  and  cut  off  his 
father's  head."  The  story  is  of  doubtful  truth,  tliough  it 
obtained  common  belief  in  1778,  and  is  yet  to  be  found  in 
history. 

Terry,  Ephraim.  Died  at  Cornwallis,  Nova  Scotia,  in 
1833,  aged  ninety-one  years. 

Thayer,  Arodi.  Marshal  of  the  Court  of  Admiralty  of 
Massachusetts  and  of  two  other  Provinces.     Son  of  Gideon 


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THEALE.— THOMAS. 


351 


t    JV 


and  Rachel  Thayer,  and  born  in  Braintree,  in  1743.  When, 
in  1768,  John  Hancock  was  prosecuted  for  smuggling  wine, 
the  Marshal  arrested  him  on  a  precept  for  ^£9000  in  favor  of 
the  Crown,  and  on  a  demand  for  bail  in  the  sum  of  £3000 
more.  Hancock  offered  money  as  secmuty,  which  was  re- 
fused ;  the  affair  was,  however,  adjusted.  Mr.  Thayer  went 
to  Halifax  with  the  Royal  Army  in  1776,  thence  to  New 
York,  thence  to  England.  In  1778  he  was  proscribed  and 
banished.  He  continued  abroad  until  1790,  when  he  re- 
turned to  Massachusetts  and  settled  at  Dorchester,  where  he 
passed  the  remainder  of  his  life.  Though  in  office  at  the 
beginning  of  the  Revolution,  he  condemned  the  course  of  the 
Ministry,  and  favored  peaceable  measures  of  redress.  In  a 
word,  he  was  a  "  moderate  Tory,"  —  to  use  a  term  of  signifi- 
cance of  the  time,  —  and  maintained  his  opinions  without 
bitterness  or  the  use  of  invectives.  His  charities  were  always 
equal  to  his  means,  and  his  integrity  was  universally  admitted. 
After  the  asperities  of  civil  war  were  forgotten,  he  possessed 
the  good-will  of  all  who  knew  him.  He  died  at  Dorchester 
in  1831.  His  daughter  Charlotte,  a  lady  of  many  estimable 
qualities,  died  at  the  same  place,  in  1859,  at  the  age  of  "ighty. 
Another  daughter,  who  is  highly  esteemed,  still  survives, 
(1860). 

Theale,  Chakles.  Died  in  King's  County,  New  Bruns- 
wick, in  1814,  aged  seventy-nine. 

Thomas,  Natiianiei,  Ray.  Of  Massachusetts.  He  grad- 
uated at  Harvard  University  in  1751.  He  bore  the  odious 
office  of  Mandamus  Councillor,  and  shai'ed  in  the  troubles  from 
mobs  which  were  visited  upon  most  of  the  members  of  that 
board.  His  property  was  confiscated.  He  went  to  Halifax 
in  1776.     He  is  spoken  of  in  "McFingal,"  as 

"  That  Marahfield  blunderer,  Nat.  Ray  Thomas." 

Of  the  nine  children  of  his  parents,  he  alone  lived  to  grow 
up.  He  was  left  rich.  He  died  in  1791,  at  or  near  Halifax ; 
another ,  account  is  that  his  death  occurred  in  1787.  He 
married  Sally  Deering,  or  Dearing,  of  Boston,  "  a  charming 


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352 


THOMAS. 


girl,"  who  bore  him  se'-eral  children,  and  who,  in  1792,  was 
livinfT  "genteely  in  Nov  s  Scotia  on  a  farm." 

Thomas,  John.  Of  i'lymouth,  Massachusetts.  I  use  Ins 
name  in  doubt,  and  yet  circumstances  setm  to  s,!i(  w  tiuxt 
he  was  a  Loyalist.  He  pi;raduated  at  Harvard  Unive.'ity  in 
17G5.  Forefathers^  T)ay  \v»s  first  eel  brated  lit,  Plymouth, 
in  public,  December  22,  17o9,  by  tli«  Old  Colony  Club, 
which  consisted  of  seven  original  and  five  i-).ct.'d  'iiembers. 
Mr.  Thomas  was  (»i>o  of  the  il-rmer.  The  Cub  was  Ibrniod 
''for  naitinil  education  and  instruction  ;"  hod  a  lidl,  lib'-iry, 
and  niu«<  fwn  ;  an  annual  public  dinner,  and  invited  j)erson3 
of  distinciion  h.  their  tac-le.  In  1815  Mr.  Thomas  was  at 
Liverpool,  i'ova  Scotia ;  when  he,  Edward  Winslow,  (an 
adherent  to  t'lv  Crown,  noticed  in  these  volumes,)  who  de- 
livered tl)t  first  Address,  and  John  Watson,  of  Plyniouth,  were 
the  sole  survivors  of  all  who  had  been  members  ol  the  Club. 
Mr.  Thomas  died  in  1823. 

Thomas,  Henry.  Of  New  York.  During  the  Revolu- 
tion hi  commanded  a  company  in  a  Loyalist  corps  ;  and  in 
1783  he  removed  to  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  and  was  a 
grantee  of  that  city.  The  British  Government  continued 
him  in  service,  and  he  was  Assistant  Engineer  in  New  Bruns- 
wick and  Nova  Scotia  for  a  period  of  forty-years.  He  died 
at  St.  John,  in  1828,  at  the  age  of  eighty-two. 

Thomas,  Charles.  Of  Connecticut.  In  the  struggle  he 
engaged  in  marine  enterprises  on  the  side  of  the  Crown,  but 
was  unfortunate  in  his  exertions  and  results.  He  settled  at 
St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  in  1783,  and  died  in  that  city,  in 
1818,  aged  seventy-five,  "  a  worn-out  American  exile."  That 
"  he  never  wavered  in  Ins  attachment  to  his  King,"  was  his 
boast. 

Thomas,  John.  Of  Georgia.  Colonel  in  the  Loyal 
Militia.  In  1778  he  was  joined  by  a  party  of  Tories  from 
South  Carolina,  when  possession  was  taken  of  some  boats 
on  the  Savannah  River,  laden  with  corn  and  flour,  a  part 
reserved  for  use,  and  the  remainder  destroyed.  The  next 
year  he  was  in  communication  with  the  Creek  Indians. 


THOMAS.  —  THOMPSON. 


858 


Thomas,  Evan.  Of  Pennsylvania.  He  commanded  a 
company  of  Loyalists  called  the  Bucks  County  Volunteers ; 
and  for  a  time  was  engaged  in  a  predatory  warfare  in  the 
vicinity  of  Philadelphia.  At  one  time  his  company  acted 
with  the  Queen's  Rangers,  embarked  on  expeditions  with 
them,  and  considered  themselves  as  under  Simcoe's  jjrotec- 
tion.  Attainted  of  treason  and  estate  confiscated.  Settled 
at  New  Brunswick.  He  died  at  Pennfield,  December,  1885, 
aged  ninety,  leaving  children,  grandchildren,  great-grand- 
children, and  great,  great-grandchildren. 

Thompson,  Sir  Benjamin.  Better  known  as  Count 
Rumford.  He  was  born  in  Massachusetts,  in  1753.  It  was 
intended  that  he  should  become  a  merchant,  but  he  evinced 
great  devotion  to  the  mechanic  arts,  and  little  or  no  aptitude 
for  business.  Through  the  kindness  of  his  friend,  Sheriff 
Baldwin,  he  obtained  leave  to  attend  philosophical  lectures  at 
Cambridge  ;  and  afterwards  taught  school  at  Rumford,  now 
Concord,  New  Hanii)shire.  While  at  Concord,  he  .narried  a 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Walker,  then  the  widow  of  B. 
Rolfe.  By  this  marriage  his  pecuniary  circumstances  were 
rendered  easy.  In  the  Revolutionary  controversy,  he  seems 
inclined  to  have  been  a  Whig,  but  was  distrusted  by  that 
party,  and  at  length  incurred  their  unqualified  odium.  Had 
there  been  less  suspicion  and  more  kindness,  it  is  very  prob- 
able that  his  talents  would  have  been  devoted  to  his  country. 
As  it  was,  he  adhered  to  the  Crown,  abandoned  his  family, 
and  in  1775  went  to  England.  There  he  accepted  of  civil 
em|)loyment  under  the  Government,  and  under  the  patron- 
age of  Lord  Germain  became  an  under-secretary.  Towards 
the  close  of  the  war  he  came  out  to  New  York,  and  was  in 
command  of  a  regiment  called  the  King's  American  Dra- 
goons. His  military  career  did  not  begin  until  after  the  sur- 
render of  Cornwallis,  or,  until  the  struggle  was  essentially  at 
an  end.  He  was  in  no  battle  against  his  native  land  ;  the 
miserable  service  of  organizing  a  regiment  out  of  the  scat- 
tered and  broken  bands  of  Loyalists  on  Long  Island,  was,  I 
suppose,  his  principal  achievement.     Recruits  for  the  King's 

30* 


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American  Dragoons  — "  likely  and  spirited  young  lads  who 
were  desirous  of  serving  their  King  and  country,  and  who 
prefer  riding  to  going  on  foot"  —  were  offered  ten  guineas 
each,  if  volunteers.  Such  was  the  advertisement.  A<:;ain, 
in  August,  1782,  near  Flushing,  standards  were  presented  to 
his  corps,  with  imposing  ceremonies.  Prince  William  Henry 
(William  the  Fourth)  was  present.  As  the  officers  of  dis- 
tinction came  upon  the  ground,  the  trumpets  sounded,  and 
the  band  played,  "  God  save  the  King."  Returning  to  Eng- 
land, he  was  knighted,  and  received  half-pay.  Becoming 
acquainted  with  the  minister  of  the  Duke  of  Bavaria,  he  was 
induced  to  go  to  Munich,  where  he  introduced  important  re- 
forms in  the  police.  From  this  Prince  he  received  high 
military  rank,  and  the  title  of  Count  Rumford,  of  the  Empire. 
He  was  again  in  London  in  the  year  1800,  and  projected  the 
Royal  Institution  of  Great  Britain.  He  died  in  France  in 
1814.  His  first  wife,  whom  he  appears  to  have  deserted, 
died  in  New  Hampshire  in  1792.  His  second  wife  was  the 
widow  of  Lavoisier,  the  great  chemist.  Count  Rumford 
bequeathed  a  handsome  sum  to  Harvard  University,  and  a 
Professorship  bears  his  name.  His  philosophical  labors  and 
discoveries  gave  him  a  high  reputation,  and  caused  him  to  be 
elected  member  of  many  learned  societies.  His  name  is 
found  among  the  proscribed  and  banished  in  New  Hauipshire, 
by  the  statute  of  1778. 

His  daughter  Sarah,  Countess  of  Rumford,  died  at  Con- 
cord, New  Hampshire,  in  1852,  aged  seventy.  She  went  to 
Europe  with  her  father,  but  returned  before  his  second  mar- 
riage. Again  she  went  abroad,  and  was  absent  several 
years.  Finally,  she  retired  to  "  a  small,  but  neat  house,  on 
the  edge  of  Concord,"  where  she  enjoyed  an  annuity  from 
her  father's  estate,  and,  as  believed,  a  pension  from  Bavaria. 
She  possessed  many  pictures  and  memorials,  which  she  was 
fond  of  exhibiting  to  her  visitors.  She  was  eccentric,  but 
had  a  quick  and  vigorous  mind,  and  idolized  America,  her 
native  country.     She  never  married. 

Thompson,   Joseph.      Of  Medford,  Massachusetts.      In 


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THOMPSON.  -  THOllNE. 


855 


June,  1775,  news  reached  the  Provincial  Congress  (as  a 
Committee  of  that  body  reported)  tliat  the  Irvings,  of  Bos- 
ton, had  fitted  out,  under  color  of  chartering  to  Thompson,  a 
schooner  of  their  own,  to  make  a  voyage  to  New  Providence, 
to  procure  "  fruit,  turtle,  and  provisions  of  other  kinds  for 
the  sustenance  and  feasting  of  those  troops  who  are,  as 
pirates  and  robbers,  committing  daily  hostilities  and  depreda- 
tions on  the  good  people  of  this  Colony  and  all  America." 
Congress  therefore  resolved  that  Captain  Samuel  McCobb,  a 
member,  "  be  immediately  despatched  to  Salem  and  Marble- 
head,  to  secure  said  Thompson,  and  prevent  said  vessel  from 
going  said  voyage,  and  cause  the  soid  Thomi)s  )n  to  be 
brought  to  this  Congress."  A  Mr.  Thompson,  of  Medford, 
died  in  England  during  the  war ;  probably  the  same. 

Thompson,  Dougald.  Of  New  York.  Was  at  Castine, 
Maine,  from  the  time  the  Royal  fovces  took  possession  of  that 
place  until  they  evacuated  it  al  the  peace.  He  died  at  St. 
Andrew,  New  Brunswick,  in  1812,  aged  sixty-three. 

Thompson,  John.  Of  New  York.  In  1777  he  was  ap- 
pointed by  General  Robertson  to  the  agency  of  cutting  and 
supplying  the  poor  of  the  city  of  New  York  with  wood,  at 
the  "  cost  of  cutting  and  carting,  and  four  shillings  per  load 
for  his  trouble."  Fuel,  at  the  time  of  this  appointment,  was 
high  ;  but,  in  consequence  of  the  large  quantities  brought  in, 
walnut  wood  was  soon  reduced  to  £4  per  cord,  and  fifty-five 
shillings  for  any  other.  During  some  part  of  the  war,  the 
ill-fated  Andre  was  Mr.  Thompson's  boarder.  In  1783  he 
removed  to  St.  John,  New  Bx'unswick,  where  he  established 
himself  as  a  merchant.  He  was  an  Alderman,  and  for  eigh- 
teen years  the  Chamberlain  of  that  city.  He  died  at  St.  John, 
in  1825,  aged  seventy.  He  occupied  the  Caldwell  House,  in 
Prince  William  Street,  which  was  the  first  framed  building 
erected  in  St.  John,  and  was  burned  in  the  fire  of  1837. 

Thorne,  Peter.  Of  Fairfield  County,  Connecticut. 
Member  of  the  Reading  Loyalist  Association.  Settled  in 
Nova  Scotia,  and  died  at  Wilmot,  in  that  Province,  in  1844, 
aged  eighty-seven. 


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Tii.oHMAN,  Jamks.  Of  Pliilaclt'lphia.  Member  of  the 
Council.  Ordered,  in  August,  1777,  to  give  his  luuolo  to 
confine  himself  to  certain  prescribed  limits,  ho  declined,  for 
reasons  which  he  stated  at  some  length.  Satisfactory  terms 
were,  however,  concluded  subset|uently,  and  in  October  lie 
was  at  Chester  Town,  Maryland,  soliciting  an  extension  of 
his  permission  to  remain  there.  From  his  communications, 
it  appears  that  the  only  estate  from  which  he  derived  any 
income  was  in  Maryland.  His  son  William  was  api)ointed 
Chief  Justice  of  Pennsylvania  in  1800,  and  died  in  l^(27, 
aged  seventy. 

Tii.LY,  Samuki,.  Of  Brooklyn,  New  York.  A  grantee 
of  St.  John,  New  Brunswick.  lie  died  in  that  Province. 
Elizabeth  Morgan,  his  widow,  died  at  Portland,  New  Bruns- 
wick, in  1885,  aged  eighty-four. 

TiLTox,  John.  He  was  one  of  the  i>arty  who  hung  Cap- 
tain Huddy  in  1782.     [See  Jtichai'd  LippincottJ] 

TiMMiNS,  John.  Of  Boston.  An  Addresser  of  Hutchin- 
son in  1774,  and  of  Gage  in  1775.  The  Council  of  Massa- 
chusetts ordered  his  arrest,  April,  177().  He  went  to  Eng- 
land, and  was  at  Bristol  in  1777.  Early  the  following  year 
liis  wife  was  in  Boston,  but,  "  seeing  no  end  to  the  disturb- 
ances, is  going  to  pluck  up  stakes,  and  remove  with  Hocks, 
herds,  and  children."  In  June,  1778,  Mr.  Timmins  was  in 
London,  and  seems  to  have  remained  there  for  three  or  four 
years.  In  October,  1782,  he  was  about  to  begin  business  at 
Wolverhampton,  and  we  find  him  there  August,  1783.  Mary, 
his  widow,  died  at  Liverpool  in  1808. 

TiMPANY,  RouKRT.  Of  New  Jersey.  Major  in  the  Third 
Battalion  of  New  Jersey  Volunteers.  He  was  born  in  Ire- 
land, and  was  educated  at  the  University  of  Glasgow.  He 
emigrated  to  Philadelphia  .ibout  the  year  1760,  and  was 
engaged  thei"e,  and  at  HaiKcnsack,  as  a  teacher,  until  the 
beginning  of  the  Revolution.  He  was  present  at  the  battle 
of  Long  Island,  in  1770,  and  was  soon  after  commissioned,  as 
above  mentioned.  His  service,  until  the  ,>eace,  was  severe 
and  continual ;  thus  he  led  the  party  which,  afler  a  spirited 


TirPETTS.  —  TISD  ALE. 


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action,  took  the  "  Parker  House,"  in  New  Jersey,  and  was 
commended  in  general  orders  for  his  gallant  conduct.  He 
distinguished  himself  at  Guilford,  at  the  Cowptiis,  at  Eutaw, 
and  at  the  siege  of  Charloston.  He  would  have  arrived  at 
Ferguson's  camp  with  stores  and  a  reinforcement,  before  the 
battle  of  King's  Mountain,  had  he  not  been  ordered  to  halt. 
He  was  wounded  in  the  groin  and  in  the  foot. 

In  17 H3  he  went  to  Digby  in  the  transport  Atahinta ;  but 
in  four  or  five  years  removed  to  the  lie.xd  of  St.  Mary's  Hay. 
His  last  years  were  passed  at  Yarmouth,  with  his  daughter 
Charlotte,  wife  of  Gabriel  Van  Norden,  Jr.  He  died  in  18-14, 
at  the  age  of  one  hundred  and  two  years,  retaining  his  facul- 
ties to  the  end  of  life,  and  reading  without  the  use  of  specta- 
cles. His  wife,  whom  he  married  in  1776,  was  Miss  Sarah 
Clark.     Several  children  survived  him. 

Tii'PETTS,  .     Of  New  York.     His  estate,  in  West 

Chester  County,  was  confiscated,  and  he  fled  to  Nova  Scotia. 
One  of  his  daughters  married  the  "  celebrated  Colonel  James 
De  Lancey,  one  of  the  boldest  foragers  of  the  Neutral 
Ground."  ....'*  The  old  Tippett  mansion  is  .  .  .  shaded 
with  tall  poplars.  It  possesses  a  desolate  and  anticpiated 
appearance,  in  perfect  keeping  with  the  strange  stories  that 
are  told  of  its  still  being  haunted  by  the  ghosts  of  the  old 
Tories." 

TiSDALE,  Henry.  Of  Freetown,  Massachusetts.  Was 
proscribed  and  banished  in  1778.  At  the  peace  he  went  to 
St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  and  was  a  grantee  of  thnt  city. 
After  living  in  that  Province  about  three  years  he  retucnid 
to  Freetown,  where  he  died. 

TisDALE,  Ephraim.  Of  Freetown,  Massachusetts.  In 
1775  he  fled  from  home  and  went  to  New  York.  During 
the  war,  while  on  a  voyage  to  St.  Augustine,  he  abandoned 
his  vessel  at  sea  to  avoid  capture,  and  gained  the  shore  in 
safety.  Though  nearly  destitute  of  money,  he  accomplished 
an  overland  journey  to  New  York,  a  distance,  by  the  route 
which  he  travelled,  of  fifteen  hundred  miles.  In  1783  he 
embarked  at  New  York  for  New  Brunswick,  in  the  ship 


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/initio  rx,  Captain  Walker;  and  on  tlio  passage  his  wifo  gavo 
birth  to  a  son,  wlio  was  nami'd  for  tlio  master  of  the  siiip. 
Mr.  'I'isdale  held  civil  and  military  offices  in  New  Ilruns- 
wick.  lie  removed  to  Upper  Canada  in  1H08,  and  died  in 
that  Colony  in  18ir».  Me  left  ei<i;lit  son^  and  four  daughters. 
Walker  Tisdalo,  of  St.  John,  (the  son  ahovo  referred  to,) 
who  died  "*  that  city  in  IH')!,  was  in  Canada  in  1845,  when 
the  descendants  of  his  f'atlier  there  were  one  hundred  and 
sixty-nine,  of  whom  he  saw  one  hundred  and  sixty-three. 
The  Tisdales  of  Canada  were  active  on  the  side  of  the 
Crown  during  the  recent  Canadian  rebellion.  They  are  dis- 
tinguished for  Loyalty. 

Tmid  ;  or,  as  he  was  commonly  called,  "Colonel  Tye." 
A  mulatto  slave  of  .John  Corlies,  of  New  Jersey.  In  1780, 
at  the  head  of  sixty  Tories,  he  attacked  the  dwelling  of 
Joshua  Iluddy,  (afterward  murdered  by  Lippincott,)  who, 
with  a  servant  girl,  made  a  defence  until  Titus  set  the  house 
on  fire ;  when  a  surrender  was  agreed  to,  on  condition  that 
the  assailants  should  extinguish  the  flames.  This  they  did  ; 
but  Titus  had  great  difHcuIty  in  saving  the  lives  of  the  two 
captives,  for  his  band  were  determined  to  kill  them.  The 
marauders- finally  prepared  to  depart  in  boats  with  their  |)ris- 
oners,  and  such  plunder  as  they  could  carry.  As  they  pushed 
from  the  shore  Iluddy  jumped  out,  and  though  tired  upon  and 
wounded,  swam  to  land  and  escaped.  Titus  was  himself  shot 
in  the  wrist,  in  the  attack  on  the  house,  and  died  in  conse- 
quence of  lockjaw. 

Tompkins,  Thomas.  Died  at  St.  Andrew,  New  Bruns- 
wick, in  1817,  aged  eighty.  His  wife,  with  whom  he  lived 
fifty  years,  died  at  the  same  place  the  same  year,  at  the  age 
of  seventy-seven.  The  Hon.  Thomas  Wyer,  a  member  of 
the  Council  of  New  Brunswick,  married  their  daughter. 

ToNGK,  W.  P.  Was  banished,  and  his  estate  was  confis- 
cated. In  1704  he  represented  to  the  British  Government 
that  several  large  debts  due  to  him  in  America  at  the  time  of 
his  banishment  iiad  not  l-een  recovered,  and  he  prayed  for 
relief. 


TOOKER-TOWF-niS. 


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TooKKii,  Ja(()i«.  Wont  to  Shclbunio,  Nova  Sc-otiii,  at  the 
pcnco  ;  removed  to  Yarmoutli,  where  he  (Hed  ahout  the  yi'ar 
1H"28.  His  son  .Joseph,  who  accompanied  him,  died  at  the 
same  phico  in  lHr)2,  a^ed  eij;;hty-five. 

Toom;,  John.  Died  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  in 
1827,  ajicd  seventy-four. 

ToTTKN,  Pktkr.  Of  New  York.  Went  to  AtniapoHs, 
Nova  Scotia,  in  1783,  and  l)ecanie  a  merchant.  A  daugh- 
ter married  William  Winnitt,  and  was  the  mother  of  Sir 
William  Winnitt,  at  one  time  (lovernor  of  the  Gold  Coast, 
Africa.     Another  daughter  still  lives  (1H(!1)  at  Annajjolis. 

ToTTKN,  Gii-DKKT.  A  Tory  of  New  York,  who  is  said  to 
have  been  "  a  terror  not  only  to  himself,  but  to  all  who  know 
him."  The  party  of  marauders  to  which  he  belonged  (and, 
as  I  suppose,  commanded,)  waylaid  and  captured  a  French 
doctor,  and  jtlayed  a  game  of  cards  to  determine  who  should 
kill  him.  The  lot  fell  on  Totten,  who  (though  his  "victim 
plead  in  broken  English  for  his  life,  numbering  his  children 
upon  his  fingers)  shot  him  dead  as  he  knelt  on  the  ground." 
Another  atrocious  deed  attributed  to  Totten  is,  that,  in  re- 
venge, he  betrayed  to  death  (to  De  Lancey's  corps)  Colonel 
Greene,  of  lihode  Island,  a  bravo  and  accomplished  man,  and 
the  generous  eonquerer  of  Count  Donop.  Letters  of  the  time 
implicate  Colonel  James  Do  Lancey,  but  there  is  evidence 
that  he  was  neither  present  at  the  murder  nor  a  party  to  it. 

TowKHrt,  William.  Died  at  Tower  Hill,  St.  David, 
Province  of  New  Brunswick,  January,  18;{r).  Ho  was  the 
principal  workman  at  the  erection  of  the  fort  at  Bagaduco, 
(now  Castine,  Maine,)  which  was  built  \l^  the  British  forces, 
and  maintained  to  the  close  of  the  Revolution.  After  the 
evacuation  of  that  post  he  removed  to  St.  Andrew,  New 
Brunswick,  and  built  there,  in  178:5,  the  first  house.  Thence 
he  removed  to  St.  David,  an  entire  wilderness,  and  settled 
about  seven  miles  from  the  head  of  Oak  Bay,  on  a  fine  hard- 
wood ridge,  to  which  lie  gave  the  name  of  Tower  Hill.  He 
was  tlio  father  of  a  numerous  family,  and  was  possessed  of  a 
strong  constitution.     His  age  was  eighty-four  years. 


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TOWNE. 


TowNE,  Benjamin.  Commenced  the  publication  of  the 
"Pennsylvania  Evening  Post,"  at  Philadelphia,  Jan.  1775, 
as  a  Whig  paper,  and  in  opposition  to  "  Humphrey's  Ledger," 
commenced  the  same  month.  Towne  remained  a  Whig  until 
the  British  Army  took  possession  of  the  city,  when  he  became 
a  Loyalist.  On  the  evacuation  he  professed  .■.>  return  to  his 
former  sentiments,  and  his  paper  again  advocated  the  popular 
cause,  but  he  had  now  the  respect  and  confidence  of  neither 
Whigs  nor  Loyalists.  Though  proscribed  by  the  Govern- 
ment of  the  State  for  his  aberration,  he  continued  the  "  Even- 
ing Post "  without  being  molested.  Desiring  to  get  into  favor 
with  his  first  friends,  he  requested  the  celebrated  Wither- 
spoon,  then  a  member  of  Congress,  to  renew  his  contributions 
to  the  "  Post,"  which  the  Doctor  declined ;  but  told  him  if 
he  would  make  his  peace  with  the  country,  by  publishing  an 
acknowledgment  of  his  offence,  a  profession  of  his  penitence, 
and  a  petition  for  forgiveness,  their  old  relaticr>s  should  be 
resumed.  This  Towne  promised  to  do,  anu  asked  Wither- 
spoon  to  write  the  article,  which  he  did  immediately ;  but 
Towne,  disliking  some  passages,  which  the  Doctor  would  not 
allow  him  to  omit,  refused  to  comply  with  his  promise.  The 
piece,  however,  found  its  way  into  the  public  prints,  and  pass- 
ing as  the  production  of  Towne,  raised  his  reputation  as  a 
writer.  In  this  Recantation,  Towne  is  made  to  speak  of  him- 
self thus  :  "  I  was  originally  an  understrapper  to  the  famous 
Galloway  in  his  infamous  squabble  with  Goddard ;  and  did, 
in  that  service,  contract  such  a  habit  of  meanness  in  thinking 
and  scurrility  in  writing  that  nothing  exalted  ....  could 
ever  be  expected  o§  me.  Now  changing  of  sidjs  is  not  any 
way  surprising  in  a  person  answering  the  above  description." 
Again,  and  in  conclusion,  "  I  do  hereby  recant,  drpw  back, 
eat  in,  and  swallow  down,  every  word  that  I  have  ever  spo- 
ken, written,  or  printed,  to  the  prejudice  of  the  United  States 
of  America ;  hoping  it  will  not  only  satisfy  the  good  people 
in  general,  but  also  all  those  scatter-brained  fellows  who  call 
one  another  out  to  shoot  pistols  in  the  air,  while  they  tremble 
so  much  they  cannot  hit  the  mark,"  &c.,  &c.     Towne  died 


.1 


TOWNSEND.  —  TREDVVELL. 


361 


II 


July,  1793.  He  did  not  possess  the  faculty  of  gaining  and 
retaining  property,  though  not  deficient  in  talents.  That  he 
lacked  stability,  if  not  moral  principle,  seems  manifest. 

ToAVNSEXD,  Rev.  Epenetus.  Episcopal  minister,  of  North 
Salem,  New  York.  He  graduated  at  King's  College,  (Colum- 
bia,) New  York,  and,  about  the  year  1767,  went  to  England 
to  take  Holy  Orders.  He  returned  in  1768,  and  entered  upon 
his  pastoral  duties.  In  1776  he  was  sent  to  the  Whig  Com- 
mittee, but  was  dismissed.  Three  weeks  after  the  Declaration 
of  Independence,  however,  he  abandoned  his  pulpit ;  and  in 
October  was  a  prisoner  at  Fishkill.  In  March,  1777,  he  was 
removed  to  Long  Island,  and  shortly  afterward  embarked  with 
his  family  for  Nova  Scotia  ;  the  vessel  foundered,  and  every 
one  on  board  perished. 

TowNSEND,  Gregory.  Of  Boston.  An  Addresser  of 
Hutchinson  in  1774,  and  of  Gage  in  1775.  In  1788  he  was 
at  New  York,  and  in  service  as  Assistant  Commissary-Gen- 
eral. Was  proscribed  and  banished  in  1778.  A  person  of 
this  name  died  at  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1798. 

Trail,  Rohert.  He  was  Comptroller  of  the  Customs,  at 
Portsmouth,  New  Hampshire,  with  a  salary  of  about  £180 
sterling  per  annum.  He  was  included  in  the  New  Hamp- 
shire Proscription  Act  of  1778.  His  wife  was  a  near  relative 
of  William  Whipple,  a  signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Inde- 
pendence. He  had  three  children:  Robert  and  William,  who 
settled  in  Europe ;  and  Mary,  who  married  Kieth  Spence, 
of  Portsmouth,  and  whose  son,  Robert  Trail  Si)ence,  was  a 
Captain  in  the  United  States  Navy. 

Traitresses.     [See  Women.'] 

Traphager,  Henry.  Of  New  York.  A  grantee  of  St. 
John,  New  Brunswick  ;  he  died  there,  in  1817,  aged  seventy- 
four. 

Travers,  Francis.  Died  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick, 
in  1821,  aged  sixty-eight. 

Tredwell,   .      Of  Queen's  Cou.ity,  New  York. 

Physician.  Uncle  to  the  Bishops  Onderdonk.  In  1780  his  wife 
and  son  were  robbed  in  a  chaise  by  a  party  of  Whig  maraud- 
ers.    He  died  in  Queen's  County,  in  1830,  aged  ninety-five. 

VOL.    n.  81 


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TRECAIITIN.  —  TROWBRIDGE. 


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Trecartin,  Martin.  Of  Duchess  County,  New  York. 
Went  to  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  with  his  wife,  in  the  ship 
Union,  in  the  spring  of  1783,  and  was  a  grantee.  Rebecca, 
his  widow,  died  in  that  Province,  in  1848,  aged  eighty-four. 
She  was  the  mother  of  thirteen  chiUlren,  and  lier  descendants 
at  the  time  of  her  decease  were  one  hundred  grandchildren, 
and  thirty  great-grandchildren. 

Trkmain,  Jonathan.  Was  a  merchant  in  New  York 
until  the  evacuation  by  the  British  Army  at  the  peace.  Went 
to  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,  and  resumed  business.  Died  in 
1822,  aged  eighty,  leaving  a  large  family,  of  whom  several 
are  no»v  (1861)  living.  His  son  James  is  a  gentleman  of 
wealth. 

Troup, .    Lieutenant  in  the  New  Jersey  Volunteers. 

Mortally  wounded  in  the  battle  (if  Eutaw  Spriiigs,  1781. 

Thoutheck,  Rkv.  John.  Of  Boston.  Ejiisropal  minister. 
He  was  at  Hopkiiiton,  Massachusetts,  with  a  salary  of  £i')0, 
as  early  as  1753,  a  missionary  of  the  Society  for  the  Propaga- 
tion of  the  Gospel  in  Foreign  Parts.  In  1755  he  was  ajjpointed 
Assistant  Rector  of  King's  Chapel,  and  officiated  there  for 
twenty  years.  He  was  an  Addresser  of  Gage  ;  and  was  pro- 
scribed and  banished.  He  left  Boston  in  1776 ;  and  King's 
Chapel  was  not  again  opened  for  worship  for  nearly  a  year. 
The  first  occupants  were  members  of  the  Old  South,  whose 
own  house  —  used  by  the  British  as  a  riding-school  —  had 
been  seriously  injured.  Mr.  Troutbeck  was  at  London,  the 
guest  of  the  Rev.  Dr.  Peters,  (of  Hebron,  Connecticut,) 
March  2,  1776,  and  had  just  arrived  from  Halifax.  A  year 
later  lienjamin  Hallowell  wrote  his  son  Ward,  "  Poor  Parson 
Troutbeck,  going  round  to  Newcastle  in  a  collier,  is  taken  by 
one  of  the  pirates  that  is  cruising  in  the  North  Sea."  In 
1779  he  was  in  London,  and  a  Loyalist  Addresser  of  the 
King.     He  died  previous  to  1783. 

Trowbridge,  EnMVNn.  Of  Massachusetts.  Judge  of  the 
Supreme  Court.  He  was  born  at  Newton,  Massachusetts,  in 
1709,  and  graduated  at  Harvard  University  in  1728.  For 
some  time  he  bore  the  name  of  Goffe,  after  an  uncle.  In  1750, 
"  This   Goffe,"   wrote  John  Adams,  "  had  been  Attorney- 


■     if 


TROWBRIDGE. 


363 


General  for  twenty  years,  and  commanded  the  practice  in 
Middlesex  and  Worcester  and  sevei'al  other  counties.  He 
had  power  to  crush,  by  his  frown  or  his  nod,  any  young  law- 
yer in  his  county."  In  1766  the  popular  party  left  him  out 
out  of  the  Council ;  but  the  next  year  he  was  appointed  to 
the  Supreme  Court.  Beyond  all  question  he  was  the  most 
learned  lawyer  on  the  Bench,  and  an  honorable  man  in  every 
relation  of  life.  In  the  trial  of  Captain  Preston  and  the 
soldiers,  for  firing  upon  the  people  in  King  (State)  Street, 
March  5,  1770,  his  uprightness  and  ability  commanded  uni- 
versal applause.  In  1771,  records  John  Adams,  "  I  went  this 
evening,  spent  an  hour  and  took  a  pipe  with  Judge  Trow- 
bridge ut  his  lodgings."  Again,  a  year  later,  "  Rode  to  Cam- 
bridge, and  made  a  visit  to  Judge  Trowbridge  in  his  solitary, 
gloomy  state.  He  is  very  dull,  talks  about  retiring  from 
Court,"  &c.,  &c.  In  1774  Mr.  Adams  wrote  his  wife  (at 
Falmouth,  Maine,  now  Portland),  "  Friday,  I  dined  with 
Colonel,  Sheriff,  alias  Bill  Tyng  [See  William  Tymf'].  .  .  At 
table  we  were  speaking  about  Captain  MacCarty,  which  led 
to  the  African  trade.  Judge  Trowbridge  said,  '  That  was  a 
very  humane  and  Christian  trade,  to  be  sure,  that  of  making 
slaves.'  '  Ay,'  says  I,  '  it  makes  no  great  odds ;  it  is  a  trade 
that  almost  all  mankind  have  been  concerned  ir.,  u'A  over  the 
globe,  since  Adam,  more  or  less,  in  one  way  and  another.' 
This  occasioned  a  laugh."  Of  a  truth,  in  this  instance,  the 
Tory  was  superior  to  the  Whig.  At  another  time  the  Judge 
said,  "  It  seems  by  Colonel  Barre's  speeches  Jiat  Mr.  Otis  has 
ac(iuired  honor  by  releasing  his  damages  to  Robinson."  [See 
John  Itobinson^  Commissioner  of  the  Customs,  and  James 
Buiitineau .~^  "  Yes,"  says  I,  "  he  has  acquired  honor  with  all 
generations."  Trowbridge,  "  He  did  not  make  much  profit, 
I  think."  Adams,  "  True,  but  the  less  profit,  the  more  honor. 
He  was  a  man  of  honor  and  generosity,  and  those  who  think 
he  was  mistaken  will  pity  him."  The  very  year  that  these 
conversations  occurred,  the  subject  of  this  notice  was  im- 
peached by  the  House,  and  his  former  friends,  Hawley  and 
John  Adams,  were  of  the  committee  to  report  the  articles 


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against  him  ;  but  as  the  Council  foiled  to  act,  the  matter  ended. 
In  177;')  Joseph  Warren  offered  the  Judge  a  pass  or  card  of 
safety,  which  was  declined  with  the  remark,  "  I  have  nothing 
to  fear  from  my  countrymen."  He  was  right,  for  he  was  not, 
as  far  as  I  am  informed,  once  molested  or  even  rudely  ad- 
dressed. 

By  the  terms  of  the  will  of  John  Alford,  a  member  of  the 
Coxnicil,  and  a  merchant  of  great  wealth,  the  power  of  deter- 
mining the  objects  to  which  his  bounty  should  be  applied  was 
vested  in  his  executors,  Judge  Trowbridge  and  Richard  (  ary. 
They  selected  Harvard  University  as  one  ;  and  the  Alford 
Professorship  of  Natural  Religion,  Moral  Philosophy,  and  Civil 
Polity  was  thus  founded. 

Prior  to  the  Revolution  the  Judges  of  the  Supreme  Court 
of  Massachusetts  wore  scarlet  robes  with  deep  facings  and 
cuffs  of  black  velvet,  and  powdered  wigs  adorned  with  black 
silk  bags.  In  summer,  however,  black  silk  gowns  were  worn 
instead  of  tiie  robes.  Edmund  Trowbridge,  one  of  the  last  who 
thus  a[)peared  upon  the  Bench,  died  at  Cambridge,  in  11 9-), 
aged  eighty-three.  Rev.  Joseph  S.  Buckminster,  of  Brattle- 
Street  Church,  Boston,  was  the  son  of  his  only  daughter. 

Tryon,  Wii-i.iAM.  He  was  educated  to  the  profession  of 
arms,  and  was  an  officer  in