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I notable Bnaltob grtoto 



Sir Roger Casement 



NOTABLE TRIALS SERIES. 

I^i^amm. E*«lbTA.D««S-idi. 

Dr.FMlctud. E<lil.dl>7VilliuiRM|lMd. 
Tlb.S,M«*». Edittdb7j.aAih,.B««tar. 
•'-Law. 

FmuHaUn. E<lii«l b, H. a Irm,. 
TbAaiMlqrCuc Edii«l by Awfcw U.|. 
LorfLo»»t Edii«l br D..id N. Michy. 
CtjWnPbrtmifc Ed*.! by WaB™ Rombwd. 
▼mu> IUm«. EdW by &» H. Kmi. 
Buiutar-it-Law. 

HchMaybflck. Ediiri by H. B. Irrt,^ 
I>r.UiiiMa. Edited by H.L.AdMD. 
MwyBhndy. Ediiwl by WiUiu. R«i,bMd. 
CHjT rf GlHfOw Bank Dtarton. Edit«l by 

OaceaBradlc EdiMl by WiUiui Roi|hud. 
Juna Stewart Edii«l by D.rid N. M.day. 
A.;.Mouon. Edii«lbyJ.W.Mor..Ad»oc.i.. 
OKar Slate. Edit«l by Waiiu. Ro.,h«d. 
EaanaHaiteOiaiilKlI.. Edkwl by A. DuKai. 
Smilh. Adncala. 

Tb« Douflaa CauK. Ediiad by A. Fnad. 

SMun, Adracaia, 
Mn. MljicUan Ediiid by Wiliui Roii|h«ul. 
Eotaa* Aram. Edkad by Erie Wiboa, 

Bumttt-tt-Lm. 
J. A. pickmaa. Edited by S. O. Rowm- 

Himiltea, Baniitar-al-Uw. 
ThaSaddou. Edited by Fibon Ysoag. 



//f PKEPAKATION. 
TkaWatawflfhti. Edii«l by H. B. Irmi. 
H. H. Crlcpcn. Edited by Fiboa Yoaa|. 
Tbniin and Hunt. Edited by Eric Waboii. 



Ptrticutmn mof U kad fnm lAt Puilukvs. 



Trial of 

Sir Roger Casement 



EDITED BV 

George H. Knott, M.A.(Edin.) 

OF I« MIDBL. TWIPt., BARRMTM-ATUW 



m 



TORONTO 
CANADA LAW BOOK COMPANY, LIMITED 



K3/f3 
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WIUUM lODU um COBruT 

•UMOW u.'D DuneMa 
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"" "*"" HOHOUIUBLK VIgoooOT RIADWO 
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nm noa nuaoK 

AHD TO 

tH« HONOtnUBL. M. jrjmCE DARLINO 
wo ««.«,„ ™ „^, ^^ ^ ^^^ 

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PBEFACE. 



followed inrt««J of tUt of qwll^ L! *" *^' *~* »«««'• form i. 

Avory and Mr. J^tice HoJdg. 1^' 7 .''' ^' "o""*^ "'• J"rtioe 
»fthe judgment of that cTi^ wlST^dtlTi'l" "" "^ *<• "P»t 

«i« photograph of Roger cLZ^^^u ' "^'* "' ">" 1««he,. For 
thi. book the EditorT inS^'tol^'' mT? ." "" ^"^^'^ o 
American Bar, who .a«.ted thr!^ , ^\ ^"^^ ''"»<'" Doyle, of the 
•' the trial and in Z^J^'f^ZTj^^'^T '"* ^^'^ ^^ 
Photogmph i. that it was taken in^^^ ^PJ**'- ^he interest of thU 
Z^ . the mi^on TuZ ^V l^^rto'^ ^^ ^ 

the P«»e«ling.. „, iTL^:^^^^^ P«~" -ho we«, engaged in 

Material of a P««malTSre tu^r^^"* " """^"^ '* *"« *^- 
pr««it to a would-be biograph" t ' ^ ^"^^ "^^^ " •'«il«ble at 
^"^^ P-bUe except r^^^^^T.^- =«"y -rthing ha. 
«.. Britiah GoTemmen^ which^ T^,'^. ""? «««' » the .ervic. of 
Attomey-GenenU. Perhap, nt »T "nol "'*"'« *'«"'' "^ «» 

"> h» private character. Amo^ ^etT T" '"' " ""'« •»<"» 
which attention may be drawnT^n, '^"""•'■"" *» the Appendice. to 

the ^mtence. For theee X ^trHnd^eb^"; 'n- '"'' '»°^"'»"<»' «>' 

It remaimi only for the mL . ^ *" """""^ Shorter, Eaq. 

«««im«, Lord Chief'jJtic? J^t ^ J^T '" *^' 'o ^^nt 

the joint dedication to th:^ " tht .^^ "">• '■«• ""' -Pted 

-h.ch they reepectivdy p,.yed .nch^drn^iL' X"' "''"'' '^ '■" 

Taa Lmuar, 0. H. K. 

MlDDM TlMFLl, 

*SW /loM, 1S17. 



■HI 



- ^1 



CONTENTS. 

btrodoctkni, - '«■ 

T»bl« of D>tw, "il 

l-THE TRIAL, . i ..;;"" "' 

Oratint SpKck/or tht PnuauiaK 
Th« Attonwy-GsiienI, 



John Ovnin, . 

Duid O'Brien, 

John Robinran, 

Williun Eg>n, 

MiohMl O'Cbnnor, 

Michael Moore, 

John Neill, ■ 

MiohMl Hnney, 

John M-CWthy, 

Mary Oorman, 

Thomu John Eeun 

Boniud Riley, 

Martin CoUini, 

I'nderiok Ambnee Britten, 

Motion to Qnadi Indictment, 



*«*«»«/«»• <*« Pnmeutvm, 



16 
22 
25 



33 
3S 
43 
U 
4» 
47 
02 
S4 
K 



Robert William Larlie, 

Jamce Batler, 

Frederick Whittaker, 

Thomaa Bncken, • 

Joaeph Sandercook, 

Sydney Ray Waghom, . 

John Dempaey, 

Colonel Nioholaa T. Belatew, 

Lient-Col. Philip Jamn Gordon, 

Manrioe Moriarty, 

George Carter, 

Daniel O'Donnell, - 

Edward Parker, ■ 

William Egan (recalled). 



67 
«7 
88 

08 



60 
61 
62 
64 
64 
64 
64 
65 



JudgmmU m Motim to QwmA Indiamtiu. 

The Lord Chief Jnatice, 

Mr. Jnatice Avory, 

Mr. Joatiee Horridge, ■•..."" 



Statement by the Priaoner, 



124 
130 
133 

133 



Mr. Serjeant Sullinn, 
Mr. Artamu Jooaa, 



CSctng Spucha for the Primur. 



1.15 
10« 



CONTENTa 



BtotwnMt bjr th« PriwiMr, .' 
BntoM, . . . . ' 



n.-THE APPEAL, . . 
Bfeb by Mr. B<ij«nt SnJliwii, 



ITS 
W 

m 
w 



m 



Mr. JuUm DuUng, 



'«*«»' *• ^PP-U i-naeding,. 



ArpnrDioia — 

I. PHat of Pirodtictiolu, 



n. PMitiou 



Pwentod for commuUtioB of Nntence 



380 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATTONS. 



Bogw Ouemnt, .... 

•n. Lord Chtaf Jartio. of EngUnd, Vi«»u>t R»^ag. 

lUawBjr Tiokot from Barliii, 

Bo»t found bj M-Ottthy, of Onmghtt, 

Put of th* JMtrf (page i), . 

Put of the 8«int Code, 

Mr. MIohael Fiweto Doylo, . 

Fart of U» Dtery (pt(« 2), ■ 

Writing on Buk of tht Code, 

Mr. Jnitio* Duling, 



'ViHUtipMce. 
/"«••»*«■»« 2 
14 
44 
48 
64 
M 
170 
192 
SOS 



SIR ROGER CASEMENT. 

INTRODUCTION. 

In the Utter put of the mootli of Anril laiit .i. 

-ew. that Sir Roger David^llt S^'bl^'JtLST't.r;*^ *"* 

« the Kerry ooeM neu IwTfuI v l^^ ^ ^ '''* P<*« 

ccmpuuoTIn'rLrn^rdiX^Ti'*^™'" """ "^ 

.«3 he h-i't^-o^.^'i^r^r^CT^T rhJtJ: 

in the pubUo vC^^^g^'tL'l:: n°S"~" T"^ '^'^ 

^:^^t3t;ft:x^-^^t>l^^^ 

Government knew how cJZrtWp^^tat^^ *^;- ^"''* 
w« m«te, nor h« .t any tune 1^^ !*„^ " ^rr^' °» "^"«'«»" 

not h.ye «»ived «,o«Ate infk«naZ^L to S«Zf.?^ ^I!:!!!"* ""'' 
the Gennu. c«np. until. i„ Febn4 i«6^^l! ^T^ " 
"«. ««h«g«l, and came hoJ/^J'theiil^J! t^ w """""T 
•W. for whatorer .„b«q„ent eUnt. 3,tT^ ^ beo«ne ayaU- 
evento which did toa^tm«a»n77l,j7^,,^' '" "•» of the 

totheikte^rr^^C^tltlTrlf "^ '°*'*™-~ 
the eioha™ of the y^ftri^^\^ ^ •'T^ authoritie. aUowed 
^P^TmeZl^ ^'^ who could teU the whole tory of the 

xjii 



Sir Roger Casement. 

tb* lagu and oootonpt Mt for him. thomrh ii -«,u _ . . 

>W of April the BritiW. io^p " bIXu '^hT " "V*™*- 0" *^ 
•nd with Nonwgian entiimi DunL) ™.Tl ^ * Norwegian enaign, 
of B«.^, into ^IIIIZ'a^^JT"^ her^lf m th. "Aud." 

to her, «,dwl«n about T«^',I«^n!' »?" BluebeU " went Uck 
-w . «.an doud of whrnj"^ ;r ,t ^Tnd' *'" A;'.r" " 

"Aud," andtherenpint^h^^, ZLT"^ "^ *» *»« »' the 
put up thothZT X^we 'T„ :: ""^ °' *™'' "^ *^ •»» 
"Bluebdl... and placed 3er a^'^.^'" .,^'^'"- <» ""^ th. 

bluej.<*et^.i„et^n«ilo„andZ^offi^- 51"?. H.^".*^"" 
umnediatelT, and divera foimj ^7 "^' ^ '™ *"<! "nk aJmoM 

pattern. Other ev»^«' 1,^! " "f""* ''''""'° "A" <>' the 1905 
further light » ^^^.7^^ "*"" ''"•'"'' •«»«^> «"» th«w 
"Aud." Ca^^Tt^T!, ^°'*'" ""^ *• O*™" «f»i«r. the 

taken in cT^rth^ ne"f a::^*"/" ^^T'' '"•" "' '-"- 
rebeUion. Thi ^ «,„^V 7^..^ '"*'""'' »' the Sinn Fein 

h.dlandedb2l^e2Z.Td2,lfr,'r™ »''•'• *^»' 

arrivaJ with the Gennan oraii^^sf^T' "'' ^ '*" '"'"*^ hi. 
now Uy at the botton. ^CT^^ tiT^Tt "^"^""^ ""<* 
EngUnd that "grave dirturU.^ hS^b^ken^o" IT^T^ " 
u»«oe.«iry to do more than remind ^re^er of th. ,?l""' '* " 
menta, rf the «upp«,rion of^^^^^- f «uh«K,uent develop- 

«.d the orui«,r "Aud " witt^f iT . """^^ " ^*°» ''i™*'' 
»fel, amongrt hi. f^^i^v-lXto^ "^^"^^^0 "" "T "" "^^^^ 
upon him. it i. p„>beble that h'e w^d Hve t^ 1T^ *"""" '^"^ 
ment. unlea. in.k»< ♦>.. n -x- i „ snared their gummorr puniah- 

in «.> ev::;'it :^di^Sei^h "T*"'"-! "^ '^irZt 

the German Gov^m^T^^ ^.^^ rnd'^^? T tt ""'"'"« ^' 
liv i-Mement and the Inah rebela diould be 



Introduction. 



I-ndon; but h. w.. tten^.^ i^ ^ '"'**^' » '^ T«w» of 
«d w„ brought "^sT^'pJ' %:""' •-««' «» «» I3th M.y. 

" "'^.iTr <?ras;r:ir ra ;? **• i- -^-^ " '">'-"- 

■•d«y of April. 1916. h. vXTwi" '"'^'**'~° th.t day and th. Slat 

" without the ndiTSd t^!^ 1* ' *"* "^^ '^'' t™*". 
"King and hil^ L^ . ,"' ~°*?°'P* "^ <>" Sovereign Lord th. 

" (W.«rt to oHaW So^IU*. f "1^'"'* "' *^ »" Sir Rog.r 
" of the autute in T^ ^TS X™:id'ed"'?.' ""' "^ "^ ^ 

-.d. no'Lt^nj; w"'j:^t::dt tr^"' *^ '*'• ^'^'- -"o 

to EngUnd. If th*^„ ^^,1'" ^""Sht for charge and trial 
find that, afl^r th. vel^'t of^ j^*^a^" ^'^"^^ (W h. ,in 
.tat«ttn«t protoating amunat thT^uS r*"""* »»* * »«? rhetorical 
trial by JESi^H^a^l^ "l "' ^«"* '^^"^ "d W. 

Iriahman. if tri«i»t^.^^ .^ • .^ "" ""^^'^^ right, a. an 
Irid, jur;. "• *»>» tried m Ireland by an Iriah (Wt and an 

^er that it rd"airc^rt^^^ri:;^^\^\'i.«'' 

or th. Domini™. wWorL fu^'^i^ "' '"' " *^ "'^*«^ '^»8*>'». 
.broad wa. the ^oll^ of'^'gr^rcTo^E^.S '»%'— »,«>"id 
tanoe. no Britid. .ubjeot^4"i^°^t .^^^^J^- '" .•«°i'«- '-um- 

t««<» oon^itted .z.^iz i^^^r^r^-'.xJz 



Sir Roger Casement. 

. -''i^' "7 of th. T«7 «»ai).t«nt oouimI who dtfuM him So f.r 

«mV^ oouiKd. . dirtinguirf«d iMdw of th. WA b.r u 
•ril M u Ei>«^ oonii.d. btgM hi. KldTM. to Ih. itirr in thL «i^ 

. obarg. of trM«m oonanittod during war. in th. oountoy of th. m«.l 

r T '^^" !»«»«•!««. that <W.«t might L.r. Z^' 

» th. Sim. F.ln »bd. w«. trirf, und.r milit.,, Uw br . oouTml^i 

»ldrMi.d M many aigumrat. to th. Cburt •• to the nin^Z. ! . • , , 
a«nmi Jon for ft. «.! ™^J^ l^l^'TJ!! "^* » "P""^ 

». to thi. .^tut. wwTl^! ft! a„rt ofK n'^p.'v'^'' *" •"^ 

th. only on. <rf th. r^^nTrr ^ , , *'"« " ^~'' *■"« t'™'*, and 
could 4 S^^:r^^.°^.'f' *»^« ""«»<» Engdom, ;hich 

-"n-itt-i aTSc : 1*" •^r:':! TSf o^. ''rr* "^^ "■ *«*• 

Ck.«n«.t'. «oun»l rt thi triJ in th.T ^ n ' '*«'' P°"" "^ ''7 
Oinri"^ Appeal Oh. .!l™l ^"'?'' ^°'"' ''°'» » «» (Wt of 
Siting to ".lomm^'^Tr^el "^^''r «» "^^ CWt 
Introduotion. ^T C ^^ ^ " ^ *'^' "'* •»"<« » thi. 

and ft. mod. oTt;!! 7f Z S^ :i^* T°' " *^ ^ 
abroad. "• " *™*>° "hen it i. oommittri 

Ih. .tatute 36 Henry VllI -nact. •< P™ 
" »nd qu«tion. hav. bjn mov^Tfr; ^ " ™ch a. «m.e doubt. 

"out of ft. King-. Maje^iV, ^", t ,' P*'T**™**<». <» committed 
"dominion., oanfot byt^e '^1°' =''8>"<'- «<• oft.r hi. Grace'. 



Introduction. 



"ihi« wh.«o/ ttt S P^****^"* ""^tW within th. .n- 

that i.. out ofT^„^ ^Jl^T* T*"^"** out of th. «d„; 
over, ti. «ll^veTa^of^^ °'l'*' ""'^ "^ "^'•' ""^ 

l)«i tJ» «me a. h«» Thl-^ .'' **" P"o«iur6 iraold hare 

patriot would Uy« wTm ^n!?!^ .'*•'»»• Hw po» u an In* 
aurt t.7,^lu^ ^ia^JT^ f„ ^ p™««t .g«n.t an, „i.ting Iri* 

«pr-^ 5 di^3td Z^drJt'J'^'^T^ " " 
b«*ter chance of^ittal whiTl^.M "" not been giwn th« 

h.d if the jury hl??«r,ri!i "tlti " "PP^ l- 'ould. hare 
quit. imleC P«Xt a ok.»!^ r '"/ *™' '" ''^~" '" 
Inland nught i^JZll^ l^toTdl" "*• """ » 

rwo^to'^r iTi tr^^ ^^^^-"^^ 
n...^.^c^\ri„^.rho°'hL"i:sre.itt:j"- •- 

London were «H^ fof L^'r',f ""•"^" -"I «» «o™tr oi 

to them -JOoZTTal „™L.^ / t""* *^' indictment p™«,ted 

^ woocoing to the prooedure under the Act of 36 Hemy Till., », 

XTii 



Sir Roger Gaiement. 



-■pUW b, th. .-w l«li,t««t. Cl«6 JST^ tJZZi^ 

n**Ot of tb. UobtioD, with wbloh iodiotDMDti UDtU ««MtlT«^«nL 

~d tat. u,^y Q««, Victoria ^ ,rf, ir;.„,z'piSJo«^ 

but «ot «g.rtl,^ th. d«,y of hi. .n.gi.«» nor h.Ti4T7.;73S 

" S tv^ .*~*°' •«^"* our «ud Uto Udj <l»o« Viotori. «kI 
wholly wiUidramng th. Jl,gi..«,. Mdity. JrfibiZo, wuTirt^ 

WU^«d contn^uig .„d with .U hi. rtr«,gth intending to «d«d 

" ^ ^t^^sir^ "J J^ """J"^ '"^•~ ^-^"^'^ -" 

" X^T ~^ «' a-gl"-!. .nd ut oth«- tim« both boU .»J 
«.d SouU. Afncn RopubUo. with foro. „d .ro. unlawfully. nydMoudy 

-Id (Wnajent of th. «id burgh«. Mrf m.n thm bring .^w 
our uid late L«ly Qunn ViotorU." ^ maautt of 

In th. hut tnawn trial b.foi« thi. of CawnBit, that of AhW . 
nah«I«d G«™.n, in 1914. for th. t««on oTXeno^ to thT^t 
««me.. within ^ not with«.t th. ™abn. ibT^Z tL^ 
Th. benriit from «,d the mmplifloation. of indictmenU marT ^^ver^t 
ohirfy to certain Uwy„ offloij. who daw th«. do^^ °r!L 

^d^t^l^rr'^'"'* '^'^ ™''* to «i« a emil. in CoSrt wh» 
graroly ,.^1 aloud to .«l,eno« «.ptio.l « to medimal view, about the 

of J!?^ f^^ "' t'entytlut* Grand Jurymen for the pun»*, 
of o«««de„ng whether the indictment p««nted a ^'^^ fade ce a^^ 



I 



i 



Introduction. 

in nuj be mcottoced th»t it i> ihu »i.v. i^ _v ■. . . 
quMtiona cut br tlw. K!,,^ rZ ^~ *^ *'"'* «pl«u« the 

"ot w„ in «.pro7^i%*nt:^'^""'- • '""- '^^ 

an individual my lLluu,r.urvi™ it "tiH- '^ '?''• ""' *^' 

ziz 



Sir Roger Casement. 



oefjeant waa atyled the pnme Serjeant. In 1682 n th,„i a..u_ 7 
appointed; «,d th. prune S«.j«n? b«»n.. Ltlerl^ l!T* i" 

Mr Thoma* Artemu. Jonei^ the aeoond oounael aariined to f\u»m-,* 
.. jn aWe and weU-knewn barriater-a "riring juniT^to IT^ 
^^ne<«t. Mr.,„hnHa,t«.nM„g.ni.^i™;:;egX^;^^^^ 
b»™tor; he » a Profe«,r of Conatitutional Law at ^verritv ™Z1 
S!^ ' '^'* " '•"''"'"' ""* J""™*"'*- He wa. not a,«gned aa^LS Td 

1^1 ^(ZZ7\'° •»««' th«. draw attention to the «fe3 
^^^ fu^? " ■"" "^"^ Wore aentenoe to Sir Frederick E 

df'r^d^L^- '^\''»'«-<«thefact,,..apa:f^<fe 
nlU, l!^ ?"?""'* ™ that he had not pIottodTgainat the 

0»™ but wa. mt ,ding .» «ri.t the anned force, ttat had ^TJZ 
in Ulrter for preventing Home Rule for Ireland Tl,« J • ^^ 

the fact that the AttoL,-Gene»l ^ LtTt p^^en^a ';^::Tth" 

«.e ^^s^rriTatrea^ini-i^Sbr rr,*"' 

Z^ZlZ'c^r^^ """"*' °' °'"»^'"« .videncelZ 

T™ , !r^ • ^"^"^ ^^ '«>""*■ ■""« "" no -itirfact^ 
^er forthconung. «.d no American witneaae. were, in fact »IlTT 
member of the American bar, Mr. Michael Pranci. Doyle, La^atod' the 
drfenoe; but a certain myatery «nu.ina .. to why Caa^n^ Teed^ 

n k ^ ^'"^ "^"^^"^ "««" P™P««d by the previo,,, trial of 

coueoted for the purpowa of that trial by the CVown lawren. • .r,r«, 
counael for a.«,ment had the benefit of i^r^:^:^'J^: 



Introduction. 

body ot'ZLmTi^^J'X^^ llf- ""' " ""^ *» '•«* 
to W and det«nine a ^ ^^' ' ° ^"^^ '" "^'"t "^-y '» did. 
it«If. It i. nH^^by law tha^." »'* *^ '»'<''«» Cburt 
tried at bar. The I^^Zh * '^'°*' *' *""<>° •"••'^ be 

tie trial of Ahl^\^,e„f„;!r'"' ^k"^ •"'"~ *^'* <" 0«™"t ,„ 
and .entenoed tTdVaTtirtT' T^- 'cT '^'^ »* '^«° A"^- 
Conuni..io. b, .tt trX"J''X'^'^:,-^^ »» -<>- the 

tr^ltrc.^Tri^"/5---- 

affair., thi. latter ^al wL L a- ' '""°*' ""' **' ^""^ ^'"«"' 

of theVoreiga E^^e^l^'" ^"iT™ ",*".*''' "^""^ ^ '-«'' 

chooae. to allow it, but it ia^ite .t '^ "Portanoe if the Court 
t«.«,n, whether it d«. » ^w L ^T""*^"" " '"'" «"" *han 
in 1873 and th" a JoTa^l Mr B^l ^^ f '^^ ''^" '" P-i"-? 
liamcatarsr Oath. Z LTsr .^"''^''Sb for penaltie. under the Par 

General n>ay then demaTa 4?^^ '^'' """^ *« *«°™«'- 

u^ai n^bi Of iudge.ri:hr::ian.'i:: - """*- -^ ''<^*- ^^ 

aa to the addre^e. of Zi^Z' th^T ?." r"^'^ "'°^-' *™' 

addre-e, the^l.;Tr„L^, t T " "* "*• P™«""»8 ""-"el 
in evidence on th" prtner^T^L^^ jf^/"*"*' .*" "i" "^'""^ " ?"*« 
is oon«de,«l an aSvanta« ut ;ia hL "n^** *''^'"' ™^<'' ""-* 
Attorney-General ha. T^abT 7^ .,. "'" '^''' ^■™"«-. the 

zzi 



Sir Roger Casement. 



thi. dJZ.^ J!^ ^ *"'"""• ^""J*"" S'^"° contended «,.» 

the f.ot. were proved, or admitted bV Um^n JT V . ^""^ 

be pumped a,«„i; the«fc« with<nrt any further p,^'",!!^"'^ 

be addr«Hri i» ♦»,. . ^-TT fPP**'> «>.''hich these argumenta night 

aJ^IZ riots Cafr to^Ttt:^*'"' r^- 

• , 3*7 '■**'* ««>re need be said about the trial itself Th« .,., 
w laid before the reader in tho *«li,v^_ , . ^* evidence 

Norman Prend. word meaning "hear y^ "^n^C, \u ^^ . " ^ 
for™.! proclamation, made when Z ^H^ k "."^„'° '*°" 



Introduction. 

he ml, ZZ ffiLt TT'^r^"'^ *o «-J » Coro».r, even though 
<rf treioT It^n K. r'/"^"* •" P'^"^"' » part in thi. trUl 
tteT^„t ^ ^ r^r* *^''* *^ «>*"*' of tl» CWt who ™ad 

uiat two office, are now embodied in tie ,aine holder -n,. Kin^. 
wwe and important function, in th« wrvice of the Ciwra. beside. ^ZZ 

'^JZr^l ;|!O"««'«'«-aRo-0rtendi;ectir::^tte^n^ 
,W„!1 -^'"I'nK 1". revenue or the State adminirtration of police. One 
^ne. more eakly the character of the King'. Coroner in eiS, A™ 

md^ted by the fact that the King'. 0>»ner i, appoint^ by tLTL^ 

^e";^th^t\*° *'^?f"^ °' "» ^™ OfficefrfunctionTdeJ^ 
?^.^ f^.^ u ^ •• *» J««d of the «iminirtr.tive bu««« of tte 

W a1^ w '^' ." '* '" *« <*" of the Clerk of the CrownT^ 

^^ nT'*'™*^ ^ ""'^'^ '*«' tte King'. Cbroner ' 

Ihe Oown Office record, commence in the 3 Edwart III., ,„d thenfon 

twe^-two yMm eariier in the reign of the «me King who gave hi. na^ 

to tte .tatute under which Ca»ment wa. tried. m k«per of tto^ 

two office, havmg been merged into one in 1892. In cour« of «»; the 

duTn , f T Tv*^ ""* **' ^^^ ^^«'' Ci>~°«' h"' a»7 function, 
dwtmct from tho«, of the Marter of the Crown Office. Whatev^ tW ^ 

K^'» H \ u "*I ** ''*^™''''' »" """-l «"»* the Cbroner of the 
with the King. Coroner of whom we have been speaking 

The tnal began on Monday, 26th June, and wa. concluded on Thur.- 



Sir Roger Casement. 



day, the 39th June. On t]u> ).»;» j._ »v , 

v«dict, end r^^ i^ Z,^ltL ^oT^^ '^'^ *^ 

* veriict of guaty. The prj^ ^^Z^ ^LZ'^:!:' ^? 

upon to IT whT^udr!!!* -T^/ " """"'^ by the j^y i, c.U«l 
n«nt. ObWiX C^e^rj/" ~™ •»»' »' •»' in .mrt of judg- 

.otLoni^ ,V^^X^JZ ^'^' *^ *'""*°' <" «» City 

"Putati«, of b«"g „ eWeM Zv^° l."""'^ "P*"*- He had the 
exe«Ue hi. gift, LTZ^Zl C^j l^ '" ^^'^''^ ^'*^^'>g *<> 

" only queetion put to^ i, TTf^ T *° "^^ " 'P^' ">« 
"«nte„ce ,hould norii P.LI 'tT '^ ^™ "y^-i"? to »y why 

-ake a ^en^\^f^J^'S^^J^^ -r '" "^ *^' P^- *» 
be read openly by the oriZl^^ . "" P"* "*" ^^^^ " n»y 

the pjoceeding., or other^ ^Z*.- \ ^^ '*'*"' ""t parties to 

quite true ZZ,t^, TuTuH ""• """*" «"' •' ™'-"« 
thepriaonerha, nole«H! lim^fi' "f*" " J"*"'*' "o-rtesT; «nd 
and judgmenr E^nt^ wW """"n*^*" *^* **J~'''» *» «"» "'diet 

C^ment ri.orr.ilow^"to haTh^l^^ *^ circu^tanoe. that 

neoeaunr for an/JI^ vr '"''*""' "nt™ent a. thie wa. not 

w^T^r^^^ P"^» P-^-^i and to have appe.«d .tXii^ 

have been neither ZZ n" di^ "ITuM ^Tf f""' ""^ » 
to have taken Quite the ri„kT ^°*?- ..''^ I*"! Chief Jurtioe appear, 
actually took *''" """"^ '" '"""'"P Ca^^^t the liberty he 

and ?^4Tto'^e\tt':r^- "" f f *° '""«^ '"- "><• -tenee 
of it hTJL^ ^°"°''' ^PP**"' a^ be availed binuelf 

.ttlent :^th'^;" ™on.i.tent with the attitude he tl i^^" 
mine hi, gTaToTl^i.™ \^">'^'^ <" "-y English Cburt to deter- 
^e^^ guUt or .nnocence. but to that inoon«rten^ wa, due the mo« 



Introduction. 

'^*^ "P^«t. -hich wer. Uid before the Omrt of CriminJ Apped, 
though .■entaJly they were the «me p«yiou,ly r.i«d «.d d^ 

STft^!r^T* ""^ •" '^. i-""*™"' "* *^» ^^ -f^^» Chans. 
Of the tre«<H, «f adherenoe committed out of the realm, but aUo to the 
TTr^ the Lo«, Ouef Juatice to the jury a. to the „a,;un, of ^ o«^ 

at I^buig. But in the argumento before the Court no other point wa. 

ttequeafon of adherence m Germany out of the redm. The Court o 
CVmunal ^ ^al, prcvfed over by Mr. Jurtioe DarUng, and conriating of 

' 'ZJT ^ <*h» oa«, a. the-Cfcflrt-of tn^al'hSi Cken when* hi ' 
W^^ „^ ""* indictment. Tbej di«ni»ed the appeaJ without 
^v.ng c^ed on »un.el for the a„wn in a judgment of the (CdeU«^ 
cov,!^L Jf"^ Darhng on the 18th of July, 1916, after a di«u.rion 
Sr»5 T '^^,u ^ '^°'^' °' ** P"»"*°8« ^ ^ Court of 

rfln^r" ^ ?f ^'" f"^'' *^' '* '" "• advantage to the Court 
°tr^ ^^hT^r^v^ the "-gument.. to be reUeved bL the enormou. 
rtram of the trial which the Lord Chief Juatice and hi, fellow-hidee. Mr 

whi^^^^ *^.f ** '""' ""'" '*"■ *" "P* '»'«>'*«<» »«>» Milt™ 

*aa not hkely to be nnappreciaUye of the humour of it, aa a repartee 
to hi, own fieree att«,k. on the reputation ot Lord Coke. 

Thi ABocioirtg iHD JcDoimrp nr ihb Codbt of CsnoHAL Apphl. 

in iSl^1r*'r.*° "^ ^""ot^nt framed under the atatate of Edward 

S^ivL I H T T *^'" ** *'* "^^ ""* "f?""^ *h«« by Serjeant 
S,m,van. and al«> on the appeal to tie Ckmrt of Criminal AppefO, waa ttat 

itrZ!!"" *r"?'"" °"'"^ "^^ *" •**'"'« »' Edward III. of adheHng 
out«de*here^munle„thepri.onerwaaatthetimewiaunthe«ahn. tZ 

taed, he contended that there h«I been no argument and no deriion up^ 
the atatute „ to «ftering ;«.taide the realm, and that wheTSTurr 
oa» wae ei^med .t would be found to be baaed upon mi«.pp«hen«ona of 
^je of Se. V. Faughan. which wa. not really a de<^on upon the 

In thia aUeged abMnce of relevant ded^ooa he autenitted that «nce 



Sir Roger Casement. 

no authority „ ZZ^ ^^X^'Z'Z'^ '"T" **''"«' •"''* »»<» 
Serjeant HawkiM. wh». ™,! • • ' ' *'»ttheir Hate, and Mr. 

«pound«, the .tatute i^at^^tr^lt^ ^^^^^ ^ «»"'"«> ""^ 
contending. The Court h™!/^^^ T^ ^^ *■"' '<» "hioh he waa 

opinion. h«, «>t evrie vaC I" A"^" l'^'™ *° »» '-*'• "«-» 
of peat lawyer. «.d «:llj „ JiL T^ ^. «'»"»«'*«» to the opinion. 
oonatructionTI ^tuto^l'^r! T"^ " *" *^ "»«i»8 »d 

i<»df. Lord Cbke I tSe^Vt^r r""""' '"^ "" •^*"*' 
the A >t of Edward in .!^^^ ^ '"**"• *^ ■"* ooament on 

into «i-encftral^X^^r"^" =>« H«^ VIII. had «Z 
*mtive offence, and ^p.^I^^.^'l*',"""'' ^ «« ~g»«i. .ub- 
T1.0 26 Henry VIII .JT^Z^^ "' 't' "' '*™«* <»' *~«»- 
jear. after the .tatute of Mwa^d^ ' °'"' ''""'^ "^ •'f**^-'^ 

which h.'^pe.^ ti.t C^!^™",''^ "P» *^ two Cb»rt. before 
either of dZT o^UnL Xt^^^hij r:^^"" ''"*'»^'' 
enunent expounder, and c«nunentancn1.etw "^ "^""^ "' • 

qn^tion being *Tr"n„te^ """l"* :^* *'"^' '"' "id a. to the 
"~bnut that if we hak to cC^eTv .TT*""*'"" "' ""• "•'"«« *» 
■>»terday. the fim «a,^g31ri u """"* "» *■">"«'' '' ""d Pa-ed 
" the provirion. oTthr^tute A I TV » ^""^^ «■«" "^^ of 
' clear view would be inoot^t Witt) » ^'T''^'- "^ *^* ^-'t 
■• being an dienoe underZ^te '^ the matter changed in the indictment 

" My lord., for these t^^I^Zurr,: ^ /T""* f"*^ " " foUow.:- 
' by the .peculative op7n^o anvTlt^.""' ^"^ '* ""' *"°^«^ 
' been cmrtrued by anv rZTr V ^^'*^" *''"'* *e .tatute ha. not 

■a. if the .tatute haTpai^elM ^""^^ '^^"^ «"'* "^-^ 

><*«day. aclearopinir:rt^:::t';ft' ;^tT''°' '' "^ """"'^ 
«n>nd of the Court, that diould L T \. '"** " '"*"'«'»<» *» the 

for how m«,y j^ teltrTtl^af " "^'" *" '*'*"''• '"' "'tter 

It i. obviou.^y &;™Ts,?n "^""^ " *"^""' **'""•" 
„^, y Serjeant SuU,van waa attacking the authority of 



Introduction. 

Lord Coke, Sir Hatthtw HUe, and Mr. Serjeant Bawkini, and urging the 
Court to approach the oonatniotioD of the atatute aa if it wen ret inieffra. 

.^ ™**" '*" **' ■*""* """^ ' "^ '* '• " *•" *° '"<"' »' once that 

the Court declined hia invitation to diimiaa theae writere from conaidera- 

tjoo and oonatnie the rtatute independently aa if they were i«ading it for 

ttoe flret tune, and it had never been oommented on. Mr. Juatioe Darling 

pving the judgment of the Court of Criminal Appeal, aaid " We are 

^^ relying oonfe«aedly relyii- upon the authority of Sir Matthew Hale 

^^ and of Serjeant Hawkina in the judgment we are giving, and alao upon 

the opimon eipreaaed by Lord Coke, to which I wiU come preaently " 

Ho ^en quotoe a paaaage from a judgment of Chief Juatioe Dallaa in a caae 

ot Butt V. Conant in 1820, who said, "Now, if the authority of Lord 

__ Hale and that of Mr. Serjeant Hawkin. are to be treated Uriitly, we 

may be without any authority whatever." Mr. Jurtice Dariiag'a 

obaervation upon this is, " Here we are aaked to treat them lightly • we 

are aaked to reject them altogether." 

Mr. Justice Darling alao quotes ■ -.other passage which directly beara 
on oue of the contentions of Serjeant Sullivan, that Lord Coke bad not 
grounded his opiniona upon the authority of actually decided case*. This 
passage, quoted by Mr. Juatice Darling, i. the foUowing, and is to be 
fomid in the caae of Garlamt v. Jdtyll in 1824, "The fact is Lord Coke 

.. "i!!? '"'"'°"*y '" *''»' •>» •*«'««■ •>»» I •m afraid we should get rid of 

a. good deal of what ia considered law in Weatminatw HaU if what Lord 
__ Ctoke aaya, without authority, is not law. He was one of the most 

eminent lawyer, that ever presided as a judge in any Court of Justice, 
^^ and what is aaid by such a person is good evidence of what the law is, 

particuhu-ly when it is in conformity with justice and common sense " 
Mr Juatice Darling's obeervation on this paaaage is, •• Those are the word. 

of Chief Juatioe Best." 
Though Serjeant SuUivan aaked the judges to construe the statute of 
Edward a. if it had been passed yerterday, this was reaUy not quite what 
he meant. He asked that the statute should be construed freed from 
tie accretions of text-writers of subsequent ages, and read in the light of ' 
the oustrans or laws of legal procedure which prevailed when the statute 
was passed. In this way wouW best be inferred what was the most 
probable meaning of the statute when it was passed. His position was 
tiat it this were done the atatute could then be construed as hardly more 
than raising a question of grammatical construction, a question of the 
Vntai of the sentence or sentences. In that case, then, he invited the 
judges to wy that the words of the statute creating the treason of adhering 
to the King's en«nies must be read in such a way that Casement could 
not have been properly convicted. The sentences plainly meant, he 

XI Til 



Sir Roger Casement. 



eontendri, that CkHm».t ~- u 

• »nd a»je.nt Sulliv„ may beVwd ^ .^ *^°"™' '««'«i'g« <rf the judgw 

^ to ambiguoudy TOried, iu,d sJ^TsT- ^"""^ ™t »» admitted 
reading, .^i ]„^, ; th^ .jT^' ?""""" ^^d "ot merdv n,.^ 
™»*-«r appear ,0 be th^'^ '^"' '""? '^'^^^ -oCT'X hL 

™ oeigeant SnIliTan proceeded m I,- ' ™' Principle upon 

"•Pot-gefromMaweUorMArr. " 'rgnment i. one «n«l!| 

n» l-guage of al^^fe-JJ; t^™"*^ «" Statutea.Xp^TT^ 

.;;- -der««,d When it l";!^ "^^'T^' » t^« -« in'whi^' it 

unden.tood what h«i then to^d™ L^' ""> ''S^"'**"" of 13m'^ 

partioulariy weU acquaint ^^ IT'- ^""' *" "^' ^-^^ »««Tot 

»^ "lation; or Zt the/iMoti^^ ««mn»t.noe. to which the^fe 

P»t -.ortly. run. thu^-'y^''^^^^;, Serjeant Sullivan', .rg^r 

a toeae^able offenoe of 2,Z t'l^"^'^^ «' Edw«,l „i^*; 

'«» .offender wa. not int:™!^ m"*' *°™'*' •^"»'' ""Ch 

» «rune committed abroad coiS^ It to^J'T '^ """ '* «»' *^ 

rf the law of judicial P~cedTof tL^nS!^ Ik! ''*^'"'' "• »" »«»«nt 

l«d juririiction to 4 „ ^n~ „!.!°I^!^' t^ ^ "o Qiurt which 

from thiawa. drawn .rfollov,!!"m??^*''™~>" ^i. inference 

«^ •• ^^*'~'»°it»thi., that nothing i. 



Introduction. 



;; jnth th. Court, o, u, it i. J^ .lutTT^oJ^ ^r t^ 

4) an Mt which you cm do without bang puniAabl. far it «• MM^,!l 

•u™ .Q»rtolUw. lle^cnnot b. whatr^ .^^^l'^^ 

„«f^oCourt«n inform it«lf. Tou mu* not bo^Tw^S toT." 

_ «»»u«jd a onm. until you have h^ u^uUy coSdeZd «,d "f 

I wbm t that .. oTerwhelming proof that tho ut cannot b« a mn» wZ^ 
ita legal quality cannot be inquired into " ' ° 

■a, J^t?^^"? ~°"''" *• ''"*'*'™ ""•'^ it » theoreticaUy true to 
•ay that an act u not a crime if no Court eiieU which o«, t™ i» n » 

the rtatuto wa. pa«d, for tiying an oifen^ of adheriTTfte Kk^ 
enemie. in the realm of aome other Prin™ w. ^ "°» " ""f ^""S • 

But now Bippoae, in the abeenoe of any regular Cburt. ^y the Kinir-. 
«^«7 Court, which could try the ofTeni oTZerin7rt^'d whSti 
offender wa. not m the realm, that the King had the righrby a^f^ 

tMmm«on with tte nght to inquire into the trea«,n according to the 
ordinary method, of the common law, and, on proof of iruilt^H^^ fL 

Wn. Then it « oby«m, that the alleged fact of there being no Gmrt 
wou^c^J^pr*" '^' "^ ""'™*- ""■ ^'^-"» Sullivan-.^.^.^n': 
He had th«-efore to diow that the King could not, .„d did not 
»»e «ich comm,..,on, unle» there were rtatutory authori^ a^d he ^: 
tended that thi, rtatutory authority wa. conferred upon thT E„' f^"^ 
fir.t time by the Matute of 26 Henry VIII. in 1636 

The general rule of the common law wa. that crime. mu.t be tried in, 

zxlx 



Sir 



Roger Casement. 



fc^ound rjjjd. i„,^^ mfSi J^*'tL i» **« "'"-"•i^ 
«*". -n^ ,„ , j^ wh^^TTk. ^^ AIwmnM that might 

w» of opinion «..t 1» .o„M not. biftti. ^t.i'^i"'^"^ «*«P^ 
th. veou., „d Wd down rule. I^ wU.*" ^ "** ^''"'^ - «o 
tn.I miglit be held. ^ ™ '" "* '""ntj or the other the 

Serjeant SuUivan contended *h.t >_*- 
«HJd «.« h.T. been tri«i, wdrtat a JT?™ ** •***"»• »^ «""*~ 
^cnU,. ll^.bein,:,t^t^'S:"--~2.«o"-««.tU 
'*«t happ««d ,hen ♦..!, . .^I". "T^- H proceeded to oooaider 
"^, in which «ue there wo«M hi " committed out of th. 

11«~ ««n. to be litUe^brtw ST- '*""• ""*" «" «"»»«» 1,™ 

which «,uld hare tri«i thta offen» .„i^ *" *^'' «™»" !•» Court. 

Conetabl. could have tried th.^ffe^ i„?I*^°' «" ""*1 ««« 

a^ ~lm. n.e Cburt of the Adm^hin = !^ !^ " ""«"•'• ""' «* 

"»tW on the high .«., or on Z^'jr"°«» *<» "^ «=ri»«. ««n- 

oountwa. The« Cburt. „t in Wr^3]L^ "^"^ «» in the bodie. of 

.^ Ma^hal and .«. Adi;:::"*"*B:'t*S^r t"!^"'*'"'"-"* 

„ !"«'."•• "d die. of the ,ame rtroke unlT , .•^•" "P"" «^ 

'nqmnrf of bjr the common law^-L "^^ '*"''- t^V <«not be 

'omedy thi^ difficulty, which i. an.L^* T^ " "" '^*'^- To 

Wore mentioned, a atatuto of H W^^ ,*?* '"* "' '^ *-» "<»«« 

C».UbIe and M.^.i t, h«^ aid ^J'^. (""■"»») -«"«. tl^ 

Now, in all theie inrfj.m«r^ owermine the mme. 
dUBoulty arc., out of tw^S.^ ^^u ^"'"^'"' '»»*« the 
whoUy ab«»d, or paHly .b^'^ "T*"»' « *»» «ene of «*io„ b«^* 

th.hu.d.tbeoomn^awCWhl'^"' °°."" "«'' "« «<» P»rtl7» 
^ they we« not «>mmonirj^- '-^««- <» tjy them, ^d t^e^: 
•We except it wa. made appIicewTrrtal^.^™ '" "* ""t .pplic 

•»»• Court. He Coil, of the Con^*?? "phere and jurirtiotion of 
Admiral indeed puniahed treeaon^ « Ct^tSl""*'^ "^ »' ««» 
^-oh onme. came within their j^Z^Z ^^f '^^ "™"> "»» 



Introduction. 

which .J^rS C t,^.^"* '*"^'"' "^ *° •PPo'-* » Court 

" mi«ion under hi. ™t iT^n iL "^ '^ *" ''"»''" •''' ««>- 
"mitted within thil^^ ', ^^ ^.^Z,"'' '-» " t~«»- «o-n- 

"ny lucB tnuoiu, and certified into the Kinrt Bench lik. ~~,^ j 

••^d^.zr.jrx.-^he^r.'t^.'^j^:'-' '-- »» *« - 

Thii tribunal waa a sUtutory tribunal a aneoi.) fi>m™i-.- . u 
appointed by the King by rtatutory Dower ' hT °°'™^«' »» >» 
tribunal. Bt the iR uLIT^^ '^ ' ^ "" ""t » common Uw 

common Uwli^in fof Zfili «' rt"' *° ""^""^ ''^'™°> *^ 
abn»d. Thia^lr.^ *!f *w ""»"«« o* ^^on, committed 
dedZd Jh „ft^!^ i^^i**^. *^'* »" trea«,n«ble offence, already 
oecuured Mch, or that should thereafter be dnxluroj ♦« k. v "urauiy 
done or eommitted out of *ie «ata. '-^h.u kT , . be .uoh, to be 
"of, heard, and deterZerbX^ the K ^ " ''™~'°'*^ '"''"^'^ 

«™. Am, m Me manner" .. if they had been done "within the 

nxi 



Sir Roger Caiement. 



" mat thin wiMnof Umt ikaU b* w iiwiui»ri ^ i . 

U«« not bwD pui.Ui.bl. ih^^^ ■ *** ~'" »"» prwioMdy 
«»»<» l»w pnonJ, *"* "^ '^'«"'» «» •<*• within th. 

p«t d.rf of MthoritT fenhbr,>Z!S!- •''»T*"^ **»•►*«•-*• 

to him. tb.^Z; "^ &lf? 'J?'^"' '•'' »"*• " '* -^ 

th.t if th« w«, «H4 clz.^th» l;j^ ha^c! f "^r "P"*' 

th«7 b»d not bMn found iT-^lr^ . " ^"^ ''""'•. "'' t^'t 
Jurtioe Darlinir whm h- fc.1 j '^^■. •""" "*• *" "^.d by Mr. 

-tho„;^j:'':::.ir^^77r,!!^'ir:^^^ 

"H«»y Till. «. »id^n^.,'^^ '" ^'"''' '"^ *" •^t»«« ^ 

the* .t»tnte.Ti. ™^ ^"l"?. '""■ *^«"* SuUiran di«u-ed 
«gJ.t«ath <»nt,^ tt.v^ ~ ^r*? f"* **"*■ "«"o l»te " the 

. cnn. o«t.id?L"^tr::^''i*'ir:-r <" -- »•- 

:s:ii-rd ^r - -^x^ - --^i^r skp 

op.n.«., thu the .dhe^noe to ^Kin»..''rS«"^^1j^*^Jj; 



Introduction. 



-pinion. ^ nir.r.„'2t":fir h ' jt'^- r* "«♦ *^ 

no decide «„ on tii. rt.tute ™dl T:. ^ » »•!''««'>«> that thm ,m 
th. indictment ... fej C^Jl^J^'^*" T '»«* » >»03. ,h.» 

fi.i«-. .nd in th. opinion. rfZ^tuJ^T u ^^J^'^ '" "" "^ 
. in t^«d;cq,„t i« tU4,r«Jt ^ !^T".' *° ."'if' "'?'?«? V."*«» . 

"»«> in . bettor poriwl ifT^ u J' ""'*"♦''>'•• Would he have 
-tuell, eit«, « th^ rho tie! Z»- T ""*'" ""* the ««. the, 
he attomptod to do on te ^L ^ Sit" "' """ "^ •^'•''^- " 
by ti. .pecin, Court, o, thf Ztat* ^MrhT.: Aa^'T '^"'' 
by the common hw Court.! It i, haMl, ri, i 1 . *''°""'' ="" not 
the attitude in which thTcbuH app^lL ?,!i*".?'' "»"'''• """'^"(f 
Doling, both in the ^^to [rt^ 't^ ^T ■"■"""»»• «'■ '"•«<: 
h»" «.n, ™«l from kEt!i fiJ^ ^"^^'"' "^ *'» °~rt' ~ « 
Bet oert^nTM^^ n S ^ll?'? '"*'" °'"«' ""» O""' '"•«« 
togetridof a'^e^^oTtl^^.rf ,t» !*• CourU would ha« 
without authoriTw^n"; tw '^'' ''" " ""* I-^" ^"k* ~<> 

c«.rat;:L^:rturnr.taifd :l: °""" »' '"»- p-« *^-» ^ 

aj;«d.. a. the cCrtTellraCtir^r . "t" w "m"." T"' " 

«n«. of the region of the common law of Engl„d whe« o&L^h 
been committed there could be a trial in Pn»ifT T ?. "*' ''""g 
Sorutton mnarked, " Perhap. 1^1^ ^ » ?? ^ ^^ *'* "'" ■''»'^<» 
•• OAe th«, you tl^oughr Tof ^U not ^1 7™ *° ** """ '" '^^ 
" you next cTe to «iLX u.'irhr: ^U^;",":^ "^^ °'' '"" '"- 

Sir mI^"^^ "".^""^ '"""y •^°P'«» «» »Pinion. of Lord Coke 
ar Matthew Hale, and Mr. Serjeant Hawkin. m nJr^in groZlt^l 

r" 7' ^^."^ ^7 an independent ««ling of the .uTute reject 
the interpretation which Serjeant Sullivan put up« it ^iS'^ 
them to ,nte.p«t it a. if they were r^it foTL iiret t» ^ 

nilU 



Sir Roger Casement. 

Moepted hi* inTitotion, and arrived at a oonoliuion irhioh had the merit 
of eupporting the authoritj of the impeached teit-writera. 

Serjeant Sullivan'a criticism, or accuution, of Lord Coke wa» that 
he had left out the eMential and governing TOrda of the whole aection 
relating to adhering. The offence ia deaoribed in the statute aa a man 
bemg ■• adherent to the King's enemies in his realm, giving to them aid 
■' and comfort in the realm, or elsewhere, and thereof be probably attainted 
" of op.>n deed." Lord Ccke had set out the statute correctly, and had 
tranaUwd it correctly, but when he came to the detailed commentary he 
leaves out the words " in his reohn," as they first occur, and makee his 
oMnroent as if the whole sentence ran " adherent to the King's enemies, 
" giving to them aid and comfort in the realm or elsewhere." TTiis, said 
Serjeant Sullivan, altered the whole meaning of the statute. 

Coke's «Hnmentary was only justifiable, Serjeant Sullivan contended, 
on the supposition that these words " in his realm" might be omitted; 
and it was the commentary so made, he urged, which became the foundatirai 
of what was the plain error of the writer. This commentary runs thus— 
•• This is here explained, vis., in giving aid and comfort to the King's 
^^enemicB within the realm or without; delivery or surrender of the 
''King's castles or forts by the King's captaine thereof to the King's 
''enemie within or without for reward, 4o., is an adhering to the King's 
"enemie, and consequently treascm declared by this Act." 

Serjeant SuUivan sulmitted, as has already beai pointed out, that 
these cases of delivering of castles were not at common law at all, but were 
within the jurisdiction of the Constable and Marshal; therefore it was 
not a crime to which Oie statute refers, because it could not be tried by 
the King's Courts at common law. 

The reading of the statute which Serjeant Sullivan put before the 
Court, and the meaning he" put on the statute when the limitation of the 
words " in his reahn " was given its proper effect, aa wdl as the opinion 
of the Court as to the meaning of the statute, may be best given by a 
quotation frcHn the judgment. 

Mr. Justice Darling said, " Taking the words of the statute them- 
" selves, it appears to us that the o(mstruotion for which Serjeant Sullivan 
'' craiteode is not the true one. He would have it that ' be adherent to 
" ' the King's enemies in his realm, giving to them aid and comfort in 
" ' the realm <»• elsewhere,' means that the adherence, because it is the 
" adheraioe which ia the offence, really must be by a peraon who, being 
" in this country, gives the aid and camfort, it may be in this country, it 
I' may be outaide of it. We agree that if a person, being within this 
" country, gives aid and oomfort to the King's enemie* in this country, 
" he is adherent to the King's enemies; we agree (and Serjeant Sullivan 
zzziv 



Introduction. 

';«tenta thi.) that if he i. in thi. cojnt .. ana he ^^iv.^ ,id and comfort 

to the King • enemie. outride thi. ooui ry, he i. itUi,, •. at to the Kimr-. 

__ enenue*. But we think there i. aaot. .r „S«nce, anr that thew word. 

_ murt mean wmething more than that. '.V, li.ink that the meaninK 

of the» word, u thi.-' giving aid and comfort to the King', enemie. ■ 

.. ^ ""? "' *??<»'*'<•"; fi^ »re word, to explain what i. meant by 

__ bemg adherent to. and we think that if a man be adherent to the Kinir', 

enemie. in ha reahn by giving to them aid and comfort in hi. reata 

^^ or If he be adherent to the King's enemies elsewhere, that i. by givine 

__ to them aid and comfort el»where, he i. equaUy adherent to the W'. 

_ enemie., and if he is adherent to the Kins', enemies, then he oomnjt. 

_^ the treawn which the statute of Edward III. defines. Reas<m. may be 

__ given for that, but we think a very good reason is to be found in thi., 

that the objects of the King owe him aUegiance, and the allegiance 

_ foUows tte person of the subject. He i. the King's liege wherever 

^^ he may be, and he may vioUte hi. aUegiance in a foreign country just 

aa well as he may violate it in thi. country." 

We .hould like here to refer to an interesting argument of Serjeant 

SuUivan which he presented for the purpo« of Aowiag that the statute of 

Mward III. could not have meant to make adhering to tie King's enemies 

abroad a treasonable offence. This argument wiU be found on page 210 

Serjeant Sullivan said, " My lords, at the time of the statute liiere were 

m England among the great landowners and noUes a number of persons 

who were under two aUegiances. one in EngUnd, and, in respect rf 

_ lands which they eitensivdy owned in France, another allegiance in 

,. ,. "■ ""* limitation of levying war. and I rabmit ahm the clear 

^hnutation of adhering, aroM from the fact that, being feudal subject, of 

^^ Uie King of France in respect of French lands, and of the King of 

__ EngUnd in respect of English lands, the barons themselves would be 

^ aniious to limit the deoisioi of treawn in such a way as that their 

Englidi land, should not be forfeited in respect of service and homage 

rendered in respect of their posmaions outsiae the realm rendered to 

the King's enemies. At page 460 of the first volume of PoUock and 

^^ MaiUand there is this paswge— ' The territory within which, according 

^ ' to later law. subject, would be bom to the King of England wa. huge; 

••^ I under Henry II. it became vart. It comprehended Ireland ; at time^ 

(to say the least) it comprehended Scotland; it stretched to the 

Pyrenees. Then, again, the Uw. even of Bracton's day. acknow- 

le^.^ that a man might be a subject of the Frendi King and hold 

'''knd in France, and yet be a subject of the English King and hold 

land in England, It was prepared to meet the case of a war between 

•"the two Kings; the amphibious baron might fight in penwa for his 



Sir Roger Casement. 



" • which .ide he w„ bom ' T^." «!'»,• ""^ *° "manber on 
:: ^ have a definition ^"1;^ J,* Zi^: ^^f af H'T'"'* 

he «y.. •• I «.bmit It i^a v^ „,lt! .""' ''""*'^-" ">» 
" be mort anxiou. to «e that i^Z ^'*° '"''' *•"* P«rli«neat would 

"feudal daim, upon theS, wLt 7^° t ^'"^ *" "*"'• ""^^ *"» 

"i»»^thei.twofeudaI^da'1?4^^r:r:':^:^^•-'•'■>^*'» 
- b« ^rrj"t:Lrs:„:^ trttdt ''"^'•'" ^'"'"•- • 

•tructioa of a statute written ,•„. f /„ detormined on the con- 

o.«>lete. and of which thlEnlU Zall •"""*. ''''* *"» ''"'^ >-» 
elaborate exerciae in parsing TanaTyl^^r ? ' ""^'"^ «•«='' »» 
ambiguous though the opinioL of l!3o ,, T^'"^' "°«»™'. »"- 
Serjeant Hawkin' ^^^Z ^tj!; ^1 "^*'^^^ ^•^-- -<> «- 
be. oon«dered aatirfactorv ttal ^^^ 1 ' *! **'*'"'' '* ™° 'til hardly 
have to a«ept thei'^lo^ Z U Ce'" *'^^^«' -"""y -hould 
which these text-writera ^eT^tiJZ^' """"*■<»"?■ '^ law upon 
age whcee institution, havert.4l.a^ ~,7 ."'o P~<h-t of an 
pa.»d into obUvion— was ranidlv lo ■ • ' ^ **"■ memory almort 
they wrote, four or 8™^"!^^'^ ^K °'"'™'' "' ""^ «"« "''» 
the thirteenth century iZT^iT^"^" ' ****"*" ^'» '»*«'. I„ 
more than half a o^lZTeT^TZ^Tr If ."^"^ ^°* ""«* 
feudaJ system a« coZonlysaS^ 1, ^ "^ '^' '"** "'°"'"'« <>' the 
of Oiarles 11. If our iJiZoT^ ^ "^ "^^"^^ " the reign 

lay. down aa the law <^t^ tT.^ ZTo^lI^T '''"" "^ ^ 
felve. fom «n independent opinion Jit'Til ^"' ^'^ "» *^ them- 
inTolTing that law? Thev Zrnll -^ * °^ »UT>ri«ngly happens 
mental or Prof^onaJ a L^to:^'^"' *t*^'- " ^^ 
wnters as their «ompa™tiveIy re«rtL ^^ "■"* "*''«' ""eie"* 

«.d Chief Justice BesV^ ^^^ ^7^' P-^":-"™. O^ef Justice Dallas 
fened on a>«e text-writers the ^ZtyZ ^ T "' ""P"^ "- 
Courts of law. So Ions ^ M. Y ■ '*«'*'»*o". of. at least, of the 
W a. expounded by 2 Mul^^'^" '"'■""'" » ^o^-ed the 
ffioult to ascertain^ irH°:,*;*'™„*r;^<»" "ay not le n«>re 
Pariian^nt or in the decidons of IT'r V ' r""^ » •« Act of 
"leairable that the CbuTZ^d n^i^f 1 " " •*«*'"« ""i-ently 
•o-nd rule the CburtTtn^ Z 1^"^! '?" *^ '"'"«'>''. "^l this 
^^ tnaJ and the Court of Criminal Appeal observed 



Introduction. 

opinion of the tinl. STh^ tUt ! *"^!^ "" •*»'« °' P-bUo 
of t„>«on laid down and^^pU^r^t ^ ^ *^ "" '^"^ *h« •»" 

laboured prooe- nece^u, tl Sl^ * .^'**^ *° ** *^* eztraordinariiy 

Parliament do but emboSnhe.J^!^'^!!''^ '^"*«'"' -J"'* «'" could 
probablj state the law in ^meTi f *"' *"" ' ^"^ '<>»ld 

i-e. Stephen in hi. I^-^r, Z'^^'Z'^^ ^l,^' '"^'" ^'^ 

'high treaeon who, either in the realm T T^" .*'™'y <">« eoMit. 
"puWio enemy at war with ZzinT^ ?hi '^ "'"^'^ ""^ » 

"^ by the Court of CHm.W Ap^al f^.i' "'^*'j. *^^ '*'' " •'<^- 
of Edward III., and the inter^retat^^f 7k ^v" "^"^ *" ""> «'«*"** 
~.lly followed Yet h"w m^Znf ^.'^^ <«*writere whom they 
comprehenrion, i. it exore^Tt T^""' "'"' "^^ '"'''P'*<» *» "^•"""T 
the .utute or in 1 later^^^tm "^Z ^^'""^ ^'^P'^' """^ 
write™, Such «=JlicC^f "tt^^LTlr. ^''^"*' **' '^ <*-*- 

Sullivan oould „of have av^ hta j/ <S th^ k'""^""'- ^''J^"'* 
rtatute, or the powihie invaMtv of . n^,*^* ""f'S-'tiea of an ancient 
opportunity, hoover 1,^1,^11 P™'^*".'"^ tradition. Sud. an 
Cburt of Q^minal Ll^t now'l. T"- ''^'°- "^^ <*«'"<>» "f the 
t>«»n i. ae it i. co™t wiTn^r ^^°"*'*'™ " *" ''«'* t^e law of 
to be; and ParUaTZ^remlC.^T™*'" *° """ '^''* '^^ ™8'" 
probacy he defend tol ^^tZtVL'^'^*' "^ '""^ '"■ "'" 
wa.m'lrrrthilf^-;!^!^--^^-! Appeal an appli.tion 
the Criminal AppeM Act/l907,^thoriiTf^^ under action 1 (6) of 
to the Houee of Lorf, on the ^undTaTtL T^^^ ^^,^' *^ "^"^ 
law of exceptional public im^o. tT.^TT" ""f *" ' P^"* "' 
puUio inur„t that a further C^^hoTld tllZ "^'l": «" 

wMch <«. Pla. in'^nl\rrro1r ^r •^^r-t- 
execution wa« within the wall, of ti,. • *"8Ust. 1916. The 

tl-ou^ Caaemenf, o«ent\:d°';en mtlJ^"" VTt ^f f^'^'.T 
enacted that the eiernHon «f »i,. j ii. * " '^"8, which 

t»-. 'n the late^edi^on of Stephen.. Di;;fofleai^;a°t"u 

nzrU 



Sir Roger Casement. 

"would, the«fo«, it \™jd w^h»^rr\i^ IT''"' '"■ *™*^ 

founded appu,nS on ^iT..^ . "* P""'''" S*»tem«,t. 

=::^o::trj^rr™'^^r^-^^^^ 
^^rn^l^£™r3"^^^^^ 

HUl or within thV^auI TZ ^ "^ '*''''''°/°'' " P^^»*^-o° Tower 
Sherift. Act, 1887 ll^<^ ^J^T' " '^«' «« "^Kht be. Tie 
Ca«n.nt than th; Kh.^rpXl™ "'^^^ A ^ "^ **' "^"''■"f 
judgment of death ha« been \3S °' P™""**' *^»* "^ere 

county diaU be oha«^ ^^ ^^ "'"'' ' '»"'<* ^ S''"i« -^ the 

of hi. county ^ '" "''' ^"^ "^'^ " ^ ««m»on gaol 

b, t^:e;rt"- °' "•""'"" '^•' ""'<"""« '"''<'-•" - -ed 

Si.™a»T ™™d bt ™. Gov«,»».», o» 4th Anocsx, 1916 
^nrn Casehuit's Eiicdtion. 

r.peai:^r^r:n"bTire*^c:r::„tr„^'rr '"- --^-"^ - 

« a wiUing a^'^clty™"' '""' *° '^^ ^"P- "« "«» -«•- -d 

.nd^'^L'r t:^tv^ ~ir^' ;:'»' ■»«' — -^ «''^^- 



Introduction. 

h. und^took ti» taA of fTing to induce «,ldi.™ rf th. BritW. Armr 
pnion«» m the hand, of Germany, to fonweer tW )!^th . ,,if^' 
and join their oountiy*. enemie. OnnM,!!? -7^ ? °' •"*8"«» 
hand, nf »»,. ru «°*™"- Cbnolunve evidence hai come into the 

hand, of the OoTemment .inoe the trial that he had entenrf ir^^Z. 

nT^""M''\'^™"' ^^•"»»'' *"'«"' expii^ti/Tro^d^ t.:^ 

Zriet; '"^ " ""' ~"»*'y' «'?»««°«r Ci."""'"* "^' 

. Cri:^™ ,tj rruiLf :rr tH^ ^-^ i '^-^ 

which ha« since become available. -"uMir eviaence 

Another suggeation, that Casement was out of hi« ™l„j • 
without f^mdation. Materials bearing o^ 1 L^Lrlar "" '' 
placed at the disposal of hi, counsel, who dirnot rairt, o^of "" '^ 
Casement's demeanour since hi. arr«t, and thrl^ro"^ ;^i:« Zw^' 
gave no g^und for any such defence, and indeed wf. .uiEcienttolp:v^i': 

DB-EnoBTmo or CMomm. 

dom^^ading Sir H^ CWent, C.U.a:^:::'L1 ^^T^^l 

The announcement was also made on the same date th»t ti,. v i. 
been pleased to direct that Sir Roger CasemenTKnitht ^h.lf '' v" 
a member of «,e most DiMinguXd oT of sj f Mifh^, '^S' W 

his name shaU be erased from the Register of the Order. 



XBds 



1864, lit Sqjtombn. 
1802, 31it July. 
189S, 27tli Jane. 
1W8, 2»tll Jalj. 

IWD-lgOOl 

1900, SOlh Anguat. 
ISO), 6th Angiut. 
190S, 30th June. 
IMS, 13th Angiuc. 
1907, 2iid Dnxmber. 
IMS, lit DMamlwr. 
1911, 20th June. 
1911. 
1909-1912: 

1913, lit August. 

1914, 4th Auguat. 
1914, 7th October. 
1914, Deoember. 



1915, 19th Febnuiy. 

1916, 12th April. 

1916, 20th ApriL 

1916, 21at April 

(Fiid*y). 
1916, 22nd ApriL 
1916, 21it ApriL 

1916, 22nd Apra 

1910, leth, 16th ud 

17th liny. 
1916, 28.29th Jnne. 

1916, 30th June. 
1916, 17-18th July. 
1916, 3rd August. 
1916, 4th Auguat. 



Chronological Table. 

Roger OHemant bom In County Dublin. 
Knters service of Niger Coast (OU Blren) Proteotomtfc 
Appointed H.M. Consul at Lounn^ Marques. 
*''''^^"- *^°"' '" P«fW«« R-Mdon. fa, Wart 

^P!?y«*,0" IwoW cerrlce >t Cap* Town and raealn. th. 
Queen's South African Medal. MoelTea the 

Transferred to Kinchssaa In the Congo State. 
lSd°''"c ''™"'' '" *"" "' "" '™'°'' ''°"*° ''°'°"'- 

Appointed Consul for ttute of San Paulo and Puuma 
Transferred ti Pare. 

AppofaiUid Cot nil-OenanU at Bio de Janeiro, 
Made a knight. 

Receives the Coronation Medal. 

En,|>Ioyed while Consul.Qeneral at Rio de Janeiro nukfai. 
inquine. relative to the Putumayo rubber indSsS ' 

Retu*es on a penaiun. 

Declaration of War between the Unit«i Kingdom and G.mi«.y. 
Makes the last demand for his pension 
Irish^«,ner, of war ooUeot«l into a Germw, camp at LImburg 

^' Sn't'Sr. S^nT^"' " "^ °*"^y ""'"«« -i* '"-X» 
*^"moIttaJ''?°lJ'h'" ■"•"■ Fo'-nnO' CasemMit »ddre««l 

Casement reported to have made a speeoh in which he aaid 
Now .s the time for Iriri.m.n to fgbt aglinrt 'EogtanrJ ' 

'^.WsoTm'^'"* •'"°' • '^" •"' •* "• »» Curragh*.. 
^'"i?kl«'°°'""" °""* **" "^"*" '" "» -ighbourhood of 
" And " blown up and sinks near the Daunt Rook Uithtahlo 
Casement, Bailey, and Monteith land near Tralee Cw,™t 

miUtaiy custody In the Tower of London. """*'• »"I*'° 
■^mHW fo'-^Sf •' *■" ^'~' ^'""» <^ "<• «»• 

^■^.^ SnSSord^ith. """°'' ^'""«'- '^•"«°' •' <«-"*y 

Casement da-knighted. 

Proceedingata the Court of Criminal App«J. Appeal dteniswri. 
Casement executed In Ptotonville Prison. >™u«~. 

8t.t«n.nt issued bf th. Oawmnwit after Caa«nenfs .i«mtlon. 



I -THE TRIAL. 



IN THE HIGH COUET OF JUSUCE, LONDON 
MONDAY, 26th JUNE, 1916, 

BIFOBI 

Th. Lobb Ch„k j™ or E.o..». (V,sconKT R,.„«o) 
Mr. JtrsnoE Avoay, 
Mr. JosncB Hobhidoe, 
■AJfD A JuBr. 



Kmo's COBOKEB (Mr. I«,„ard W. Kershaw). 

CotMwri /or <Ae Crown— 

""'st^K^M^r '""' ^'^" ^°- «^ '^^^^^ 

'^KaTn'^^ (^, Ki,ht Hon. Sir Geo^e Cave. 

Mr a. H. Bodkin, 

Mb. Tbavers Humphbets, 

Mb. G. A. H. Bbanson, 

Inatmoted by Sm CuAtava to v 

J OM i^uARtEs w. Mathews, K.CB 
Director of Public Prosecutions. ' 

Oownsa for tht PrUontr- 
Mr J. H. MoBOAN, 



THE TRIAL. 

Flnt Day-Monday, 26th June, 



1916. 



b^^the «^ Without «rt*siT,''EnrL:„t-t :?i^»r^^^5 

The overt acts of the mid trea«on are as follow.: — 
are mJuiown-to fomke their duty and allegiance to our Lord Z ^, 




The Blffbt Hon. Viscount Beading. 
hord Chief Jiuticv of EngUuid. 



The Trial. 

in tbe Mid WW. ^ "gwiw our Lord tiie King and Ua aubjaou 

h»Ta fought for BelginiaTn^X^^-TS.^* l»«ditary anemv. Too 

y?'. «■•» th. Fiji uSX^ S?^ tiK'flM '* "" "^ ■»- to 

with a T,ew to aaouring thT^iSoMnii^^. , r™''^»»'''fa7 
moral airf material aaaiatonw of tteft^^T^" of Irelandt With S 
la being fo„ned. 110^?^% hLt^^ GoTenmiait an Iriah Brigade 
tha can., of IreUnd LTCd^ ^^^L^ •?«'? ^ *° fl?ht7SteW 

, ">y German end. 'ti,, W* BrigXZulrf^'* ** •^«*<» ^ 
under the Iriah flag aloneTthe XT.^!! _^ '''™*'- """J ••»" «0it 
In^ uniform and haTTlriah «S!1 nT". ? "^"^ diatincti^ 
dothed. fed. and eCwtlyXii^^fJ, ^ ''^ ^"8»^» •'■all U 
Oerman GOTemmeot. It wS T^^J*™* '?? "mnunition by the 

; M gueata of the German Goler^™^^ "'.^"r ^^''' "^ be t^ated 
German eovemmenVStSTSZ^ .^** *^1 «'! <>' «» war Se 

.. ^^- "" '"*"»« in A««rior«Lll^'* '"*' r*~^ "»"» 

" St °*" 7''° ^ >"* join tte iS, Bri^ "TL'" *• ^"^e^- 

lambuig and diatributed amoiTo^^S^ J?f ** "n»ved from 

company oommandera ^^thT^ T^^ . " intereated, aee voar 

"md^ndencal iSSLber ZSwi"^^^*^ •"«» "j" ^^^^ 

with mtent to wJioit, incite and™™.!).*?^ ■.'?°^ ""• li^fandl "_ 

«b,^, being Irirf.men to f^kTZ?^*^' ""f I«it-menti<med Briti* 

«» &"?, and to aid and «.^™'i e^i^ f^ T** '""P""* to our LmS 

'^ '^ ^«» «■« ^««d wHZoS. " P"-~"«'»' of the .aid 

after^S ZlSZT^^^^^*' ^^ » <^^- «Uy. the.. 

aiegng^-to wITDanieJ JuBiTS l«^,i^^ forcee of «„. £»d 
Keogh, oo. CkTanagh. <hw Gi^^j <i»>nlea., one O'Callaghan, od* 

•-» P~»e« of war then i-^ainl^X^^^oS^. TS 



»"'»{,»«» tUclui^ol high t^, 
Mr. SCLUTiM— Bcfon th> I 



Sir Roger Casement. 

Wmh ud «|uipp«d Iw tS^wJlii.*^ "^ '"*"'• "P-litioB uDdn^ 
-"^. ^glr^^nSSr^^ '»"• *» ^" f^ g^tj or no. 

I ««n point out to your tordlwJtfir.; TT °* »~?"<'« "Po" which 

tiia. of The Ki/g r. lynclT^ndib^V^J^*""' "' "» P"«»" «» ""e 
tho indiotm«t iw»Ud irii,;°\Z\*'J'!T5," ""I." """on to qu«h 

of tbj prewnt indictment, wh^^"„„{ ,^™™*t»°«'. «nd bj; th. nature 

objietnl to-writ of emi UT°fo?tKd,rti^i..^- ""'•«t™»t 'o^ be 
a~» w« the .rw on the fa» of lS» ±S"* fcl.".*.?"* *" **» "<»«» 
th. pri«m.r have, ,t aU ev^ b^ ^i ^'^ *^."» """di- fcr 
«nt«l are no longer aTail^«'»rM™ ^' «"> «> f ar a. ther thra 
indiotm«,t in th. ^^^%^ t^ t-a/V^'*™"!'- »' '''^- the 
«naterial partioulaJ. tLSm S.^7jil? ^^ *'"' "' ^*«* in thi. nunt 
fb«1t«l. tbB P«tioula«^^^^%'fi?^!f* ,tl."^' '»«' a» «««^ 
» «>• indiotnS^^^SrtSgSon rf ^.^wJ^' v**" *• "»» "y'b*" 
dominion»-I am not i3d^ SLtjl?? ^? "lywher. within the Kiag'a 
<«»Tito,7 in which m,£wfSS™^Hl,*'^°^ ""•"• •'"» within^T 
overt act. and the o^Xr^^^^'^Z^rJ^'.^tr' "^ ^ 

-d«^t£ru&";"T;sr£SS^'^i» ^"^ '- "»- ««■ 

m a number of earlier c^« ta^W^it^JjA** ''"" "' ^^>' ««» 
motion to q„Mh ought not to J^e «? ttL ™'nS"*J'"'«*' *** » 
oaaea of treaton, cuei of creat m»»„!t^ .t P*""^' »* »■>? "te. in 
had tho«> i„ mind W^;'wK"tirurnr ""^-J?' y^^^^^r 
tion. would apply in the prejnt oZ^ aTiS 'rt T" "? "?* °'*'"'»- 
ic^ll^r.""^-" '"^«> be^X^^t'-blte'^t.:^ fe^'af'a 

<*«rvation vouZ^ I tT^Sy o^ to™'" ""J"* """ ^O" °"«1« the 

- ^- -■■-• L*'';.^-^^t r,n^dTthr^r«,ri^^^ 




-r— /uiu- •uomunon any oa«e hu hson m.j.^; -— >— •<» wumnw 
P™on.r upon thi. indiotajnrw.^ ^^ X ^ ^.'^^^. 



The Trial. 

"nm Court thinki tlut Amt u ^i. 

0/ coun. it i, opj ;j^ T^J^ Si'*".'*"' 'V »' <«^»f with It. 

ooo«, tint lia oklirf7»„ »k *'r*»*J'-<'«>M'»l to ruw th« obLitin. .. 

forthjproMcution unleMToTii' T^. ^'"" •'..*''• •■"» "^ »»>• 0M> 

. , Hi. Arro«,T.O J™I^n';- f .info's' "^"» *» ^'^ «>»tr.^ 

•»>'? "Ti. -~'^no, I rNiMotfuU^ M«nt to what your uii. 

8uUlT«' **"" *^ "»™^You .h.U not b. p™judi»d in .„, „y, Mr. 
Mr 8DiUTi»_I tbuk you, mr loH 

•nd «.pi« of the pn^aJZ'l^l "«l.ctm«,t. . lU of th. witaj^ 
Sir Room C«BTOi_lh»^ 

Cmen that you AM nw b^n„^'^^'"°°*' *' tJ" •>". ««». 
■ who are to M« betwlm^ a "f^ ponon.Uy ofoear an ft, 
upon your trial of liTand d.SS Ttherl'^*" ^'V^' ^'"^ ""A 
«y of them you murt chaCw them « t7 "" "" ""'*"•"?<' «''«»«>' 
•woiu, and before they are .3, .„^ «>fy wme to the look to be 
The followinit Juron^oJT * '"v y™ "''»" '^ '>«'d- 
»~i_ w JT ' """"Sf '*™ "hallenged, 

" 0^:;!!^^ ^J tS ^7^ve™nce make betwe.. 
"whom you Sail have^'^ohLI'"' '^a P"'™" »* *•>« I*' 

«:.t.e^i:-z^»Srirf ^ i^r^tv^^:* 'iS; 

»-*>;. 'r'^y or ^J^mirottn^S:^ tn*^".'"^ '~^ 
-■ ne forth and they ahall be hearrf . iS. ^ °'^.*>™ ^ him, let them 
^n hi. d.liver«.i; and M S^t ' CT'k '*"'* »* «"» ^ 



Sir Roger Casement. 



of England, to wrt iTZ P™^;^^ if^"** ^"^ '^*»"* *•>» "^Im 
the o4t MU thTt »« SLfrSV. ?*™"y- J*" Motoent «t. out 

that he i, not prilty^^^oh^T^ ?^ "^PJ^nt he hai ple«W 



Opening Speech for Prosecution. 

«- .w ^?"»»"-Gra™ii— May it pleaw your lonUhipi : gentlemen of 

W-S! «' e''?,''" *Ji* adrantage of being defendSl by my le«ned 
fnaidii, Mr. SulUvan, Mr. Artemui Jone.. aid Mr. Morei. ' ^^ 

iS^f lequiree, your close and oonrtant attention. 
„ ^:5 . TJT »'.'f«»«on..ge'>«emen, ia principally founded upon a itatute 
.W^l^k- * 7^ °' ^,'?^ *^''"'* "I- ''**««» " *he doiSg or dM^ 
S! ^^".'^ "^"^ *""''* **"* *° *^« '^«»*''> ^>°^7 harm, or «rtr^^ 
the Kmg, levying war againW him within the T^im. or adheringThU 
ejwmje. withm or wil^t the realm. It i. alleged here by thf cJoto 

«"J»red to the King', enemies and haa attempted to seduce His Maiestr's 

^Li z w" '"^^'"•v '^ ^ '""• y»« *° con^df;;wh^'5;; 

^tt^ the '«*•. whether the Crown ha. proved these allegation.. Zi 
t^.: J^^ ]* P'"**, there is any *ci«umstanc6 of erten.ition 

h^J^^^'- " "k**"' "^o" *^ '^" ■""«»' *k« crime. wuS 
lh!„ .'r^v^ pn«oner ha. committed are aggravated by the relatio™ 

al3'4"e^t.5'a?^^h'rSL'»*^.*'-^«" '-«- ''' ^ '-«~^ 
I,. ^' ?*^<"» d«»"»bl« that yon should hear in nme detafl what 
5Si^i^i5m'"*'?P:!r'- H.i.«.ableandoultiZl^! 
Vmtj^ ^JSi eipenenoed in ,»Ktioal mrttera. He wa. not. a. you 

STpCbul ?o-iSt^.<Sn*tfr^»ent *^« -^ '^^ 
l«M nf"*?"/!? ''°™ ." ^™*y ^"i" <» It September in the year 
on aiBK juiy, iBssi. at the age of twra^-eiidit. He va. aDnointari thi^ 
CE^Jli^'pS! •"*' /r- *««»• to toTer MaJ„™s^^in*S^ 

JwTTmS he^^ P *'^ «nploym<«t for three year,, and on 29^ 
■lu^, 18»8 he became Consul f<» the Portueueae Posaeuionii in wJrf 

^^ X, ^l**',^ " ^~* **'^ '™» 1899 to 1900; udh^ 
kTh^',!?'^^ h«ta.t». ended, tiie Qu«»'. South African mriri 
He did not reft,., thi, decoration for aa«rtanoe render*! to E^Siad 

7 



Sir Roger Casement. 



MtonMr-«wM«i 

pfy*SiL;^ro'v^!^''J: r, ~r J'/''",'' "^y W*^™ pro. 
«>»t at the ag« <tf thirty-iii th^lsT '^J tiierefore iwuonably ajme 

gmce. On loth Augiut. 1900 L™.? ^ ""'. conquered hi. intSli- 
Congo State; and h7V„ appo^nwT ^"""^ »«> Kinch..„. in the 
tobeCon«Uforp«oftl>.XS^Coi^iJ£™' "vZ^t'^ 't"'' 
I9M, he wae wconded /or one Te.r- «5r .« ^ .. . " ''"* ''"enibw. 
Slit December, 1906. On T^^J^e IsSi^"*^ '" '" "O"*** '">» 
reoogrmtion of his pubUr«»^, whli, T' il *" ""^ » C.M.G., a 

at amto., on 13th A^^t.^Me X fnfn ""* ^"^SkT^"" » -«i<W 

fared to P.ra; end oTth; lat Defter ?^^' "°^' "^ "" *«»- 

CmrU Gen«.l »t ffio de Janriro <?!%o* j' •"* T?, P™""**! to be 

a knight. In 1911, the «^n^ ^ !?,*■ ^S"*: ""• he "a. made 

The State of Goy„ .w«* ^J^ ♦!^'/!,.'f*?'"«^ *^« Coronation n^ 

KodeJ„eiro;aJda™;^^^^*^: *!*"«* of ^^ '^'^^^Gene^i 

1912. From 1909 to 1913 hew«^Ii ".""^,t? tim on 2nd Deoembw. 

at Bio de Janeiro, in mi^n,~rf^'^°'^'''^ '■"''«*'*"'" f^'''»^-G«»^ 

induatry. On l,t AugJ 191*3 "^^ ""1?"? "'"t'™ to the rubber 

'W. a oonriderable^r of'n^'' " I""? '"=*» "''»'' ' have .tabS 

pennon. * ""«* "' Pubho ui»fuhieM, he wai retired ™, a 

^ere?;*^^^^4'^; "-^"trtSp^^r'^ '»"«»• -^ " -UM 
the .mister Md wicked«cti^ti«V™^ ^J^'?> '* "«" it not for 
But it i, neceM«7 now to obwjre .w*^'*^ '•"* ' "° approaching' 
judged in hi. ccH^ience to be Zsr^«nt''"?.'i*V' """^^°* «"• Pri«o»« 
from thi, oountiy. Govern^t Mnlf^ ""^ .^^^ ""''P' »' « PenJra 

declaration ^.hich «„ ouTtST^ce. f^*wtri' ""''^ •'^ " 't^'"^ 
and the amount daimed. uTn^^ }"'^ ^' P*"''™ "" awarded 
fin«t on 2nd October, ms ^d^TJ"^.^J^ '"<''' d«Iaration.7tte 
r^ 'L?« P"-»"»° of tL^*%'f «" Jth October, 19U. iw 
ha, b»n made ,inoe the lalTZe L *? P."^«»d. No payment 
clamied «i by that time the iSr^ L77" I'.''"* ^^ nJdeli 
you wJl under.tand. that tSt pSSht?/"^**^' '"^ ""»» wU 
k„i ' "fc™«l yon that on m j^ *,o"f ? "if*" *«. »» Paid. "" 
f "'e^^ood. and it i, perhap, XthThili V.' ?"* "^'"^ ""« honour of 
later development, of hi, c^ ^ ^' ?r'°»/»gard to the .ingular 
1911, m which he replied to^; notZ?f^ '*"*■■■ ''"''d "th jZ. 
Sir Edward Grey of Hi, M»i«l,. • *""" «"nn>unic8ted to him bv 
up<» him. He wrot. 11- ^^y ' 'ntention to beatow a W^i^v!^ I 

- -r^ '^rrZ;^t.r^^^J^t^;^rii^. 

»« Mr Bdward 0«y, Th. Savoy, D,„hM», Baofa. 



Opening Speech for Prosecution. 

w»'i"S!;^,^t' sis'" '^'^^^"^m M 

1 am, dear Sir Edwaid, 

Yoiln tlnMraly, 

KOOIB CUBmNT. 

tho«, wewThe fee?i^'tn*^f;9Sr5"" To,?*'" *° '««»•»' that 
which he had wired for „ lli * ^T' '*"• *»""''• «» oount™ 

at the time that letter ^T wriJto^Z' '.'"''^ /"ty-w^en year, old 
experience of the method, ofl^vt,^enro? tW° ^ad had mneteen yer ,' 
he had, and not without cr^liZT i »>^try, in which indeed 

term, of gratitude, a littie ^.L ™L P'''*V. ^'"'' » ""^ ™*«' ^ 
iMguage almost of a cowC ^ emre.?V ?"*"■ """*• «■"! *» "-e 
which hia Sovereign hadrewwdert M?^ ""' P'*"""* »* the title with 
duty to the Kingfand JClat h^"Z- ^"^ "".^ P'*^"** '''' '""^b • 
honour may be*expre..el to HirMafe.tv Vn^''^'"*'"" "' "•« ^raciou. 
hiitoiy of the reufion. of En^iLf j^r ,^''"' *" ^"> '" 1911. The 
well Lown then aTa^y TZ^'^" '"^"^ "P *° «■-» ^ate ^e^ at 
protracted, often tragic, .pr^riM. f '^m *^ eontroversie., bitter and 
commonpUce. of contempSZ^^ut^"' *^ '^t""" ""' "^er the 
page, of our elementary W^ri^Aildw.^*^ ?** ^^ ^^^' known 
trover, e.. fuUy ver^^fi tkT^r^^LVl ^.'^'"'"''ding the« con- 
eomplaint, knowing xingland', i^f „? ^^""^ iri,hmen were fruitful in 
port, of Empire he had cS fh^T "' «»7«™»«''t weU-for at the out- 
Sovereign. What occm^^twin IsV^'^fo^,'.''" ''""'''« "J"*'' *» hL 
the priwner'. mind I^oT^^'fL'?''."" 1° '^~* and corrupt 
of one difference. TheSoveiS<rn; !k ''°.''°* ''''»'• ' only know 
duty wa. .ent in 1911 wa.rSyl*^tte"T«'^,*" """" "" ^'™'"» 
nation unequaUed in resource,, livinr^t„!J^*'^ of a great and wealthy 
•eomed unwaaaable. In mi JS^^^lf^!'. '"""'•'led. and it almort 
P«««a;on., for it, honour, tTiuZ^^l^f^ ,7" '^^mUng for it. 
which ha, ever tested hui^ fortitaZ T^fT '2 ** '?'«* P-^Jigioui war 
in the hour of it, nnchauCrf^taeu h. ^* Sovereign of that country 
be my task now to aoquaiotW^i ?? !t°^' ■"' tumble duty. It w^ 
humble duty in timTd^k S^'LIo^^^*"^'" -hjeh he carded out hb 
feeucm. he wa. ,o forward in Sig ^ ^"^"^ °' *'«' """oUoited pro- 

anteced^: ^'r^I^rT^^'J^^^Z^ T"' °"*"- "' *"<> 
1 cannot deacribe hi. moUipen^X^e ^.tK™ l"""? *° ** f^™- 
happening of oertain event, t^XchirnnwL"'"'* °' ™ ™«1 the 
«^«fot, I „y, de«ribe hi, movlmenti huT IK*"*! ^T^^ *» «'"• ' 
wiU recoUect thi. date, the lL?demand fir v™ *"^^-^'" *■"'• ■«"» y»» 
October, 1914. B6tw«n the m<«S "f slnt»lt.''™Tr>''"' "'*'«'> ^* 
the fortune, of the rtruireirii. IV,„^ September and December, 19U, 
Britiah «rfdic™ were S ^hy'Zt^J^'* V"^" "™'«^ °^ 
P ™ Dy the enemy, and among»t thow 



Sir Roger CJasement. 

p™oner» of wir beIomrin» L «!? i • v ?°°* ** Dwember. 1911, 

to tl» King, tlZ^SOT«U .^'tl»J'^"^"'* .*'°°' '•'"'• "^1«P»«» 
after fighS wJianuTfa^^.^^' ?'.'[^ Pri^ner. of w„,ho. 

""•gin. the type of the» ^ZeU^^^ZL^ ^ n'"' °^- "*" 
•nemy country. We mar iJn*.™ .?™r^i . ""' pmone™, in an 

be dioribeda.* th«^oT3 r^r^" *■"* '''y attfflnpt'now to 

the OermuM (w thennrro^TL'^'^' '?"• "^ ™« oolleoted by 

einhr«»d the lervioe and «iX tL Cdii' tkf " ! ''»°^™. ''•«« 
•ddre«»d odlei^^nj ?„ **" ."* ooo««oo, and were then 

of the Gennan.. The G^Sl.™ ^ '^ knowledge and q>pro7al 

•eduction. Nor «« the .rfuoa- I^Ainr^fV ^•' '*• "" '"'P^' "^ 
to be teitad. eeauoer lacking; the letter-writer of 1911 waa 

infen^t:du«SX''idtowtL'",Tr "S-^« POor men, hi. 
high treaaon I oa^^teT^r fo^i^li^ v' "* '^'*' <» *« P«^«« of 
the innocent Wood wU^T.; t I^n to J""'' ,Y^««'« '^ «»«ived of 
which he profee^Kl dey^o^ 1 Z^ti^, ^^ '? «i« '^«PP7 country to 
I ehaU be in a poritiorto cauT?™ '\'°'' ' ^° "** '™"''- B"' 
between the midZ of wL J^,^°" '""^™<« '''^'='' "iU "how that 
pri«mer repe.^?add.«S^w ""' ""* '** *'«'^«'7. 1915, the 
likely that CrdtZTS ZTJ^"^ "'• T"" ' «''»«>' *ti^ " 

*Wch he had t^'a J^i^ IT"^ ^^.T*^ » «"«. ««1 from 
^^ McepMd a penajM. I niapeot he did not inform them tha* 



Opening Speech for Prosecution. 

ArtSo I ™^ r^r^P , ' "T^ P^* you a fen dMoription of hS 
to*U^ ™ Ik ?°1' W'y """' '™P»>«t» of hi. appeal, i, happened 
to hngw in the mipd. <rf tho» who* eridenoe i< aTul^for thTcK™ 

5t.^» rf^rne<Se^J*'^T.*?PTT^ oounJa^by whom hi^ha. tSe 
n.™.. • ? *f defended. But whether or not hii oriirinal iouiMT to 

S oT,™.^^?' * """• I ''^' •* •"'*"* «>»t « whoUy different 

^ti °,[ r^trs p^ri::^':""' "» «"-">■«• *^« """"'y <>' ^- •«»• » 

m^^^fi,"*^"^ '''^' *" them-«uch wa. the tenor of hi. addreM on 
^^^oir^r!^""r';?i^ ?"«" cement the or^^ni^rTtSe 
.J^ • -^fj^n ■ . ,^* '*"**'' "■»' he "»• forming an Iridi Brieadte 

Sk£^-L« l^*^""?y "^'"8 «■« *«'; »"d that the Iririi 
1^1™ hJT ^^^ K'r *?'*™«*' •"^ *»» best opportunity they 
X enZi^1,f°L-!"^,"t ablow for Ireljuid by entering the «ry^oe i 

nT™. jr^^° "" **"' -^rf'" ; they would become the suett. of the 
German GoTOmment; a in the event of GermanyTinnin/r^ hatlSe 
%^^Z^r^a^^^ a brigade in Ir.lan7to'dS the co^ 
^^h^^TlJY ^: , /°^ ""* '" *■» '""t »' Germany loaing the 
tt^bri^.^ r ^].T"°^ '^"•^ Government would give Lh iZ in 

ft,^ ?u"'/ '™"' ■*"> *° ^20, with a free pawige to L^. 
who S^n^W ^ temptat«>n. unfolded to hi. «mple li^em by ti.6 mn 
.t™inril,M->':i^^" ^"i*^ *°. "''■*™» «■"'' pe?««rion. to men inlS 

thfv^ maiS?v Trt *"i*t ''™'""' °' ^'*'«"'^' '«* •' •» "««*d that 
n^^nf^' J f.. * '."''' P"*"""" treated the rhetoric, and the 

S^vT^Vj. V ^ <^P*'<^ ot the pri«ner with oontompt. He wa. 
J^D ^^' ^'*-:" O" •' '*"* ""^ ««««'«' driven from th^ 
^tmen?of ^'t^^""'"" ""^ Pfrticularly prominent in their loyal 
i»Mitment of the treacherou. proposal, made to them. One private in 

gJ^ -^^^tL™'^""* ^7 *^* inte^ootion of an e««t of Pru«an 

tt^of'^e^i^" ""^'^'" '"'" '" "" """-«» "y ' -««" '"'* 

tn twiT i?*" !'"««»" who unfavourably received the propowl. made 
totbOT b^ Cisement were puniAed by a reduction in their ration. tZ 

SToin^^WwX™?"*"' '^.'' "^ ""f "^^ •»'«« y-- ""'^ ~^ 
«Li ™« .1^ Brigade, were tranrferred to another camp for punidunent. 

«« S^L'ii'irS ^ *^'' "S™'^"'' "-id^-^J to them by the p^ZS 
irere rewarded hy being given a green uniform with a harp and shamrook 

11 



AtMruTHlMtm 



Sir Roger Casement. 



pnionert in Limbuw at twTwL . ^ ^^'*^- Amongrt the Iri^ 

whom you wiU hell^m'J™ ';2^tJ!!' » If" ?^^ B.il.y. ^.a^Trf 
Wore you to be »«uW ttk ^"^ ^^ w,ta.«, who wiU be illed 
JolUr Md upon thel^!„d to irc^'t™-^'"' "» ^"^ "P«nlS. 
(aAion. Evidence wiU be offe«rf J^^?f "de-arm. after the German 
™h Brigade. He wm. I thtak at^/°" *^* ^'^^ Jo'"«d the .o^ 
in that brig«l6 by thrberm^. wh? P""""?*^ to tfie r«,k of I^SiS 
«Krfr own puT«,i the fo ™.tion rf tt "5!!, "^""^ "«» enoonragi^T 
•et. of high fereW \nT?» * V** '»"8«de. The witnewe. toAei 
Muster I^.ilie.rWiSl,°'EX 12.J'"''"'"-;''";'"' <^n H*~ 
Corral Michael O'Connor & Tr^"*^'P°'»k ^y*" W* Rifle.; 
DuWmPuiiliera; PrivatoWiuIZ n u S'***' P"^*** J«nie. Wil»n 
D«iel O'Brien.' m Hu^""^^^^^'" '™J. K-^i"""-' ; i^^ 
Medical Corp.; Private M^ii „^^ i**" Robmwm, Royal Arrm 
Private JohnVeill, 2nd BaMtoi ^rT^ W ^""^ Medici[l C^f 
»».■> with one exception we^wrnd^^Sfy."' ''^ "tf^"*"*- *" «^ 
owmg to the accident of their Zi3L*i? '""" ***" e»'«ng«d, and 

Po«l of the Crown to give evS^ " 1^ ^ "^ ''™'''"' ''*'* o*^' ^ 
wh.ch in genera, outline*^! lav:'MjSd to vou "*"'"''' *"" ""^^ 

^Zt 7". ^^'^- » la-ding" iXd^h't™"*""/" ""«•' thia 
•ttempt to free Ireland from Otl P^oiS ' ^'""^ "" deecribed aa an 
tor m. to do mo« at th^t^th^'^„^T^ ' "/"» '' » "o* nece«a^ 

bngade m order to add one n»re to^f, ■?' *''* P"^"" <>' forming . 
J™^'. '? the Gem«n A^^ ^^.tfe-I, "^h'^.'^y con^deSSf i^ 
you that It we, intended t4 thrt aul J?» "" P'?'"'"^ ^ ^''^ by 
^r »lleg.anc6 dK«ld torTSie fo.t wS^»" t^JJ^* *" '«'"«d from 

.»... round Which the feto^^-n? Se'^lrt^ 

con.i.t.\nrre:^t"thtS.:tr*''f"r- " *« '""on which 
relafaon to that trea«m eridence*wiU T"^ '" .""* ""^^^ country JdS 
of the attempt to .edu™ .„T- ^ S*"" *" JOu of many overt .^ti? 

Md oontriving to effect a hostile laS^-,^ ?" "»J"ty; the plotting 
tej^ Hi' Majesty, doS. ^' "* ""« """^ '™». «nd wit? 



Opening Speech for Prosecution. 



The wens of Uw eTaat* preteotly to U deMriUd wu on th. IT.,™ 

R'St^ilorw".! and aft on eaoh^detf the ««" STZ^! "TT 

" me tot^ Bie •• OJS ' - t^ EngUeh-" Where are you taking 
ahead and Uuit tte "T^^' y,^^, '"''."»«*»d ti»t rti^ wuld gS 

after d.e «d foUow Ite !a, e^rS bT^'^BT',-*?, ^^""^'i ""* *«"- 
trouble or incident unt™ nrart ^™^„ Jt .?'"«'*" "without further 

"Where am I to anchor u^„riWhfha*^urr ' S^"''*^ '."K"'"' 

broken at her ma, anS Wo l^at^teTtolZl ° '^,™"' !""«"' "*'« 
a^dtte other f«>m the sUrboS^'Ve ""^ ■^i^"?^'':?"^ *" P"^ "<<» 
•oroM the bow* of the " HuA •• .-j *i. „ Diueoeu flred one round 

of. truce, anTfte men put' unlet Sf *'*''^'** '""'n*™ '^K' 
pr..oner. on board fl.e "" B^" «d' pI^J'^deT^" g:;^- 

13 



Sir Roger Caiemcnt. 

?»ri», about . mil. «rf , Sm« B B E^.i^ i«»»NU.taly ri»*. 

of when nwoibMi mi. tn^w-T^ ' '<>""»« » bngvle whieh. or ■<«• 
•t^ find UrXiI^BL^.'^ PX,"" « i?"?!?*^" iSSrf "wj 

» definite method ud purpoMTut h, .^ fL**"* ??''J«7«' '^drntij with 

trten ereiy me«u of diwuinne Wfi!™.n '.''*™»° "o*"'. which hat 
•hore. of f^„d with3^fe „S^'SSLtT«*"' ''PP~«'>ing .h, 
tU. -jocut^n bot^en ^ v^ou^^v^ iT'a^X"? ^^*°2 

»o4r"of'^"'lSSIy^„''^hicrTi.i' "~"* '»- o'^^k o" «- 

M'C«thy, . famer U^„ ,! ^Tri??' '"^ *^ "^o »>y one. John 
and rt the «me time M^i., r*5"*- . '" *■>« <»»* wi, a daero^ 
pirtol ammuniSL*^,^^^'«™„d '° the .and a tin box oonSg 
-jnd pIo«, bjr or in the "Th WhcSTl^te,!^'' ' .'L~ '"^'^ » *5 
oontainmg piat<d ammunitfoo VbtmS' ^ . ?"? P'""""' *»» handbag, 
a flaah hunp, . laim. Oae^^l^jLu^ "1 '"'"'"* 'o™'gn «> origfi 

of tt» oo.t.%poToS:f;^it^'iXf zAr- ^^ "^^ 

of three iMn. In the pocket of «. rf fff ' *^f* ""* P"^ ooMirted 
jaUway ticket from Berlikto Wlh^^ v ^* ?""' *«* »•« found a 
M'Cjjrthy. ,t™ck in a nXhtouS'Sti:;*?' *^ 12th April, 1916 

and he tten noticed the fiotertoSTof ^^.Sll '?''T*' ?"«'« '"thor. 
tow^^. houae. a«d oon^^Z^hTl^^ *^^ ^ *ori 
the direction of Ardfert. ^ "rougn bia yard to a atile leading in 

on. ^'^* i<2Sr ^r ;^:r^<>™°^,th.«» me„. of whom 
ton «rv«.t, paaainj along tte'^'^^'.urS.T 5? "?^ Gorman,^ 
The pohco were info^, ^d aeTOr^'nffitt. ■ th« direction of Ardfert; 
and Oonatable Riley ,earoh«? Sfl •I?'*'?' '"^l^ding Sergeant HeaiM 

^7 a. M'Kennlw^lhe'pK""^^;.'"^' !" ^^ "^^ 
MKenna'. Fort ia called a fort- but l?™^^ found to be in hiding, 
.een it that it i. not, a, one ^At u„i«,S^ST^ ''I*'*' '"'o h»4 
■o much an edifice abon. ■>. ,™^' understand from the wwd " fort " 
good cover for a ^an'^ ^^^d "Z"m "t" "^^ «™"°^ "^X 
on being diaUenged, a. Bichard Jfi,^ of ll'T'""*'". ^''l^ ''" "«"*. 

H. wa. aak^i what he -d ^^ L%^. t tr^^'?.£ 




The RaUway Ticket from Berlin 
to WUbelmstwven. 



Opening Speech for Prosecution. 



OoUmt to drop » pspw from hit oo»t. Th« pwr wi/ZSLoumS 
WoW up. M>3 it wu found to U » cod.. It 1/not TSLZT^W? 
•koMld rMtd th* who)* of thU ood.-itT» 1« Jh» SL^!!!!!^ TS ' 

^tioo to on, ortwo <t if t«m. which throw . light Mth.A2«Sr 
<*J«t, and Mop. of the primer', adrwiture. It ooS^ed woh omtam' 
fiiM iDMnge. M tho foUowing.— "Awrit furth«^bS™S A^i 

ftopoMl rooeiTed. Plo» uinrer by oeUegnun. Here fiddW toStor 

••St^!^^^,r^- HownunvS^tloiTurru." 
How much mmumtaon wUl you nnd u.1 WiU »nd phm .10^1.^. 

"sifH .-««.-. V ^ • ■*'"' ^•»'uJ» •»xwt eending on 
„8«.d -.other *T to . Prop^tioo. ie m«le rixmt 

ff . . "•"" ""• •»<» emmunition to r>nnnn. 

«m ptonhr of «nmunition « n.«W. ^th«n to * ^^ 
Z.V^^lf!*' ■ Send a v.«el if poJble." " 

b. tk. „ii^r^''l'^ *• """nuniortioM wiich it wai expected 
™^LS!S^ ^ lu..G«nn«, hiend. that the «lv.ntu» in wShhe 
wao <om«d might nquire to pau between him and them. We ar^n«r 

»tS^^„ iS.^' ""•^"?'!°i'"^ ^ ^' troiwiable plan, which Jw. 
outUned in Germany, "n* Irid, Brigade wa. to fight in IreUnd iSe 

r,!T-i?*f*V '??^"« "* ^'''•der.to. ,«dZm,. andhTcartS! 

tion^or ^ilf '''*; 'r.*° ^* '" •~*^ ""P- '" rifle, and LZ2?. 

At A,SZ° p'"' '^"'^u'" «?°"»i*i<». «d 'or moro exploaive.. 

At Ardfert Barraok. the pruoner wa. charged with hmdioE arm. 
«d Momunifoo m County Kerry. He replied^ aAinTwh'S.-™ 
SS in r^lT" Tt^: ^ *• ""nd April he waTWught to En« 

^a^L^^^m^ *"* "*"■ **■* •*»<»>»«''*•■ " I ™ Sir Roger 

" i.T^ ^-^ ""l^ ,P*™" *^ *'">°» ' •>»" di«ao«d my idenSty 

1. a pnert m Tralee, Inland." ' '""""'' 

™-f.-"?' f"*l™'«'> ■? » g«»f»l outline, ia the can which the Crown 

«ffi^7j? ?"T* '?! "P"? '"<=^ *^* '^^^ "««• I have, I W 
ouUmed thew fact, without heat and without feeling. Neither in my 
pwton would be proper, and fortunately neither i. required. Rhetoric 
wouldbe m»pl«oed for tjie proved facU a« more elMuent than word., 
rn^ner Winded by a hatred to thi. country, a. mignant in qa^ 

,T.-7I!* !" , '? ""S"' *"• f^7^ * deeperato haurd. ^e ha. plared 
It and he ha. loM it. To.day the forfeit iedWrned. ™ piayeo 



Sir Roger Ca«ement. 



BThhnc for tlw Pnmattioa. 

Mr. 8omTi»_I Uv« no qu^tion.. 
™» penon in rem pt of • Mn«io„ iJ „!l ^^- " >» *•>« prtotioo for 

p>e bank pay* it and it come* to tou f_V- 

And ,o„ get tU r«»ipt ,,th t.1 ^^^t^. ^, ,, ,,^ , 

P>-e"!°W^St"cr'^ ''C''r'"°"f-«--I ««.t 2 Cam,U.. 



Evidence for Prosecution. 

£i*?l*l "•«>*"• with m. «X Mu^^X;„„ ^' tr-'yon. 1,5^ 
»h« I got ther.J.1 think 2, tJSl n^ii ""T ?''*»«■• at Umbmi 
Irid, I ,pok, to n..rlT «.;y',Z''f„ ,h. e,^ ' ^k* »«. they ,,« 

who^ir.rn.-^ld.*'^ ^^^^'^-^ .na th. Oe™^ 

I am «" te r.';;:^p' pjjr? ,«*£• ^-^--^ i no, ,«ogn«,. 

drawd in oiriliu, clothi^Ld w.. JI •'^' ' 8°* ">^- HTwm 
y*« Cof»<.n«i«a/ Tima. ^meruan, and .nothw wa. ciUri 

wha^^hl tlS" "-™ »- «■'«'■ or w„ k. und., r«t,.i„t,-H. ^ ^ 

iMWt^r eighty of u. in » ^,3 fll <il^' 'T ' '""'' '''°' ^»kto 
•nd iBtroducd himwlf to m **°* "P ^ u. and addrc^ ^, 

, tt.. camp when you oai better youri^^^^ '•- •'""«?'• ""' °^«<"7 i" 

„ "i:* ' •■" »°»» to form; y« w'u te .Tt ^l^'?'"* *\» '"* B"8«* 

Oemian Oovwnment. " ''""""'» "»* to BerUn aa the gueat* of tha 

would be aent'to aST fcoSd ^ £1^™%*'' not^winUley 
» ftw paaaag«. I h.^ tildTel^ „^ vlf ■**" '»«''«' "o"*/ and 
^/r*^! flr-t ocoaJ^n wh^n^^TawhlnT 'h '*"""°'fLo' '"e^h 
Md he «,.d that he »a. Sir W A^™"„* 5* "" "W "•«> he wa,, 
Nat.onjl Volunteer movement. I .aw Z.; .*?* '"^''*'" °' ">« W»t 
T; e""; *™* ' did not ^Lr him^^i'i*^'/""P. ™ "o™"! ooca- 
whatheaaid. When 1 kn«r i^t k ' J '^°,™''"* did not he, again 
„ Tou talked about Sir SLTr A. ""/^"* I avoided him. ^ 

P d any one give you t^^L^"S! ?,"'°8 *''«<' P'Pe" with hin.. 
into the roomi-that i« T-a! iS*P?"'~V'® .G«raian authoritie. aent then^ 

•«d.I„.,itt,eCkV"at£°C»U^td'"''' ^*' '?««*^U?aT 
"ad thia literature, but I *dnofhrit» ' "'"*" ''7 Cuement. I 

^What waa the book aboutMOueaf^^^^-t^!' XT^'L- 

P~p.a Who joi^the I^ah ^^-^^Z.'!:^ ^,"«^%S 

17 



JohaCnalB 



Sir Roger Casement. 



Z^r '»"'«^-«»» '« ^ i-^onnation of th«e de-ring to join th, 

up. When I ,^a, at llZ^'^^^u'^ S'tSTiOO*""*'"'^ "^'^ •»**<• 
In«h Brigade. The flrit to iS^ ».. n ■ i v"" Pnsonerg joined the 

O'CJaUaghan, and Cayana^ ^ ^ ''°" ^"«''' « Toole, BaUey. 

oopy of the paper TZZn^Z/2 m% "«f f «<»^Ye.. 1 ^^^i 
men who appeafin that photogrijh '" ' '"°«^ ""«• »' t»» 

it.e.fl'^^dt.'lXVV^.eVtSS^treVaS'," ^^^ '^'^^ ^""rUan 
yu not ehown to have anvthh^^ t^!i ■.•,!?*' "" """ admiiaible; it 
•d-ni^ible, a de^rSn of it £,,Si ° 7'.^ the pri«,ner. and not being 
G>urt ruled that the que°ti^ «u]"t nut .^th *^.*' '"* "'*"''"■ '^^ 
pcture which the wi?ne« Tad^e^^ '^"^et KS^e^"*^ *^*.'™? 
The man on the rii?ht I i««~™ll, !?*. , ^ I'O.riM .inwrwan.1 
Iriah RegimentT n«t to him^T ^ "^i""!*"' "' *• "* Ro7«I 
next to hL, O'CallaXn of r: M ?■*!.' •?? *^« South Irid. H««; 
of the KoyallT Rifle, the^Sr ^""""*' " *^* "''^'J''' »»"«" 
know by na^; then there i, K^i „,T n*^ *<> h™ I do nii 
little min on the lef? i. a g!" ™.?^ ' .u *]"* 5»?°»«gl>t Ranger,. The 
uniform wa. rilver my ^^ 'l*" '"* l'^'^'^ ""i'om. That 
Quinle- and KeogrLd r^ZTf *""?, *^* ^"^ * 8^" «»»<»•• 
they had a brighter^rey -^^^^A "°''2™ *° **« remainder; 
Brigade-that i the G^Ln ^^e^l^" '^^ '*' '*"'"'«' '" «>« I-^^ 
on the cuff, and a green odSr and «^;„ .^ '" T" * 8^° 'h^mrook 
•nd a button. MnmwTsZ'^^, «»n on the cap there were a ehamrock 
« nsgard. our f^™ "^1^ SiLt' w'^ "S T '"''^ '«" *™^ 
I found a difference in my to^Itmert •Th^t JT''? ***. °" ** *^« <»"P 

r/o"n^^n— ha?hi£"J^k-H '^^^^^ '" ^^ 

Camp on 2nd Febr^ 1916 ' *""* *" ""' ««"'*^ '««° I^mburg 

out^^h?r'^ ''^' "'■ S^^Where w«e you when war broke 

Were you a reeerrist?— Ye«. 

You were in civil employment at the timet— Tee 

brfoJ^T^^ "•• ' *"'-"'• that you had one ««. Sir Roger Cb«n«.t 
That wa, in Cork^-T««. 



Evidence for Prosecution. 

In oaDnwtion with tho ?.^.i. w i ^ ''*" Oonln 

Jart .bout that time. "^ '^''" **» *•»•. eight or nine month«t- 

, SnC^%l4'l^S^'th"^''"°''^"»'^*»- 

I codd not „y. , CrTrw„°'i^'i*3 ""^ '* '''«" ^^ «w him the™,- 

J^r^^l^^^Z '^r^"^ *\^;"' Volunteer.^.Te. 
*" * hostile demo^ZLr tt^"" ""*^" it w„ hi» , ::;t. n.«« 

rt w„ Sir Roger C««nent ^^SZi'^ TIlt'^K^''* ^ '"" impre.!^'thrt 
*»r»--Something lilce that ' '" *'''* ""« "««»• before tte 

n Tfa» in the year 1913»— To. 

City HaU. "leetmgt-It wa, a publio meeting^it «„ i„ the 

|ou went there yourself J_I m 

.^o^ that 'tie'meSi?[g°^,l^"*^"?» ^ »*^'»«' Jo-^W, did you 
l™h Volunte6«t_T«,: "™"<"'«1 'or the purpoee of oi^aiJaingSS 

And t'l?''^ "' ""^^''''^ '<»■ themt-Te. 
anything' atrt*Z~^ *" """"^ «>- ««> -"^'^I oould not teU you 

^ w::n^i^?e^i^s«'^ca''"n*^ 

not know. ™* '*!«*» »' the meeting, to raiae fundsJ-I do 

meebtrii." "'"^'^ •^'•'-' *> -t know what the obj«* of a., 
^u attended it younelf t— Tee 

-^W^^raJ^ljS,,*^^^?^;"'^.^"- a«»nded the 
Object™ :^^. *'* ""^ '- -^J-ling '- -onu..t-,l.t w„ their 

•-- rgit^^^^.t'tiij^^S'^^r^*'^ -p-*^^ 'o' ^ 

Thie was in 1913. H^ v™,^^ ' ""^^ ""* teU you. 
I think y«, „id «,mXraW K1-* '"''.°*^-- ^tingJ_No. 
at tha meetingf-Te.. *^ ^* *■■*" ^eing a hostile demonrtrati,,; 

^^i'^'^'^'r^Z^^^-^^^ -- expr^o^ o, appro... 

.b<«t^t^a^t'^,^toKpr«„^- Ytnteen.,-, -io not know 

lou were nnmnt .f *i, .■ "» 'ar a» I know. 

^ «.e di.tj.bJSr:^'!,.^,'"^''"^**^ ;" "^ken up. and you told 
Roving aiiunon to the UUter V«I™..2!: ""**«>•«» Pe«on made acsne 
">«*«« WM broken up^-TiT ^"'™"**"- ^a. it after that that a. 



, .11 



You do not likf to c^^'^^^ ^'Z P">P*^ whe« I had .ee„ him 

w£rG.Tr«^"-"'™'^''<^'-«'-^'-i»u.d„ot. , 

And for freS^T^''* "" IrelandJ-To.. * 

S»tJf^-.^tee'?^o1''^^,*t'^Wge.tedto,ou. , 

)^ I? **.°'°^« *» I"hnd»-Nr^^ ^""^ "on tho war brfor, th. 

to n.pe| ?^Jdli^««"-^ -^ng the w„ he,«, t^ hH«... ,a, 

in I^^ISir ""^ -^ "--<»<' 'Htb »y 0, the Vol^teer movement. 



Evidence for Prosecutii 



on. 

You do not knowj— No '"*" ""'^ 

*> not th'St* *" "**' -«■ to be in favour of Sir Edward C.™»^_, 

lOU^Sl tf feV^Tste *" ^""•^ Can.p,_F„, 23M Deoen.b.r 

Ton ..re di«han^, fron.-Lin.bn^^Y,., on the 2nd Februa^ thi. 

of February. ""*' ^»" ?»" Ax the datet-About the midX 

Which yearl— 1916. 

.^ "i. vi«ta to the Z^ were C«f *1. ^ill"?^' ^ g-t^^'-W ^ 
mda of Febru«ryt--f^. **° *^* beginning of January and the 

I -^K zT.cr:2:ir ^rif *^ '^ •-* «' '- -"««»,_ 

*ive or Bi ocoaaon. within that «i^ w«>k.l^v 
„„^» wa. the food ration redu^ ^J^^Z^. ^, „, ,^^^^ 

men*il[:Z^„tjX!!:**^*-'°^ ™*'™ l-ter^-Te.. 

^ w.. th::.tnrth*:r*z™ti^4f'»'-«°"-''-«ix'ut April. 

•fter that. '^ alteration before you leftj— No, no mora 

Sai;:^.tnL"AT"^-'S-"Tr^^^ 

April «ductfon?!!Ye. *""^ "»""' <»> '^ch you were reduced at tb. 

^epotatoee were cut off in AprilJ-Te. 
«.e nlZtZ^J^'^Z^CIZ-^^' it wa. in April that you got 



'•feaCniiia 



Sir Roger Casement. 



IW ' S* French. "' " ^"*'«'' praonen, but 

'^M"?'?^ -' "drd."""' '»*^««'^To the Britbh, but th. 

Jfet, tiU the day I left. ' »P »o the Fwnoh lin..> every fortniffhtt-- 
oj Mr, Sullivaw^tTt^ 4^» 4.1. j 
Did the men who did i^i„ f '^ ^ '*"• "" February, 1916 t_v„ 

the g'- '-^ "^ain. , ...pp^^^,^ ,^„ ^^^ _ ^^ ^^_^ ^ 

1-^^^Z:r.Ti^,^ «.« F«nch line., who a^ed you thii 
^And that, you .ay. la.^ ^ ,^ „ ^„ ^^^ ^^^^^^^^ ^ ^ ^ 

'"mSrr'pri™^; t^: uX''U'''- .^^r' h^phhet.-, ,„ 

1912, and about a month tftem^,iT!°*- .' J"'""* ""at regiment b 
Lr»* '^«i tbat «giment to Frit fV^''"?'."' ""' "^ hZL^ 

"Tp.^ cXd'-B^ot/inK ' --"' ^^"waiirtiir 

f^j"''"^ »•»"» IBth CmC.^mi ""^ °"'"«°»«1- We ar^,:S^ 

"'%TH^^Fr° •-"-^«- "'"™" "^ "- '^« --- 



Evidence for Prosecution. 



19th F«bru«rT 1916 I i> i u- ")«WO*ii, 

:; »«n to'^Jt a^!^ i's^. 'z "'ihl^'rji "^Jr '» "^• 

"join the Irish Brimide " »i' .^J k ' opportunity lor doing lo; 

«d h. wan. ■ aU Knen tf toin l^'T'n*? '°,™ " '""^ ^"1^ 
of th. Gonnao Armj^» ^tZTl^t '"^ •"<». b«ome ^ 
the war they would land the Irl),H- f^^, '«".«"«>e"'ul in winning 
in Ireland, iid Zy wouW fllf "^"^S "H""* "'* *^« G«™«'n Arm; 
not win the war. S^„ ?h" tllnT"" ?2«'»?"* *^*"- » Germany did 
An^rica with a"^Lt o^°^^ ^/'f ^y the German Government to 

jnythingel«thathe1^U He L a loJl?? '"'; ' '*" ?»* """"''*' 
hit what I have told i. the .Si W oJIT """"* "°"^'"' "^ " '^ 

« ^^ "to^^d" MmTut"'*'^ £!Mr-^? •«''"«' -^ "8" 
<rfan hour, tnd then thev SuSd „„* -h'^ ^^"^ "? "«''* '" » q-^rter 
l««d him out 0/ 4e o^p I ,°^* '''°„^%r'»' ""d «>% W'"**! hiin and 

''^l^!ryou":'r^<^^^"'^^^^^^^^ 

^^D.d you ,om the Inri. Bng«,e^.No; if I did I would not be here 

-y£!iT^'X>Z'T. ZT "^^ ""^O '^ i"° "»« '"••■ Brigade. 
C.«nint .?^Lf 3y onieTbuf I Zr him ^ ^ "'""'• ' "'"" ^'^ ^' 
time when he made the snLh rt.HT S ° *f """P ■«™™1 t™«- "Hie 

tho« occasion.. I k^ow abourr rfn^^ I -^ 'I" '™*'"8 »•»"* o«> 
there were fifty-two aTtold who LtTib^^U^'S"^ f" '^'' »"8»''«' 
Bme who joined were Quinlew Ilivrflr^if B^ "Pt^' ^« """^ o* 

Begiment;'bcalla«hanrCo*^uKn»^^^ t^^',^?"^ '"* 

Cavanagh, Royal Iri.h Hor^O'T^?.^/' V ^'^^i ""'*' '"■* KiHe.; 

NaB-rireco^SthatSure^TnflJ"*.^*'"*''!'- ^l"*™ "hi^t 

Cavanagh; theVTmL who ' „Ze^^^ Tw""' "??'' *i™ "«* *« ''!°' 

witne., can My. •"'™™-^^»t they were rant away i. aU that the 

themwlvee. Show; exhibit K-TTjT"" l ^''t^ ™" ^«Pt "Pa^te by 
a document iflJ^Tkat^n'! Wi^k'-'riT whUe t w' '""'■»«° "-' »' 

each^rr^r^^n;? l^l^^^X Tg '^^S^^- -t'^d to 
room. I left Limb^7S Fe"",^ ythl'™'" '?"'" '° ^^ '""«k- 
eiohanged pri.oner of war ™^ **' thu year; I came over here a« an 

^«^Ted"ir^^buJ^^;f,r^-^»,^« ^ - -- >T ^' 

—About two month.. '^ ' ""S" Ca*ement took placet 

Did not you hear any other .peech but onet-Tli.t i. MI. 



»««•*.- ^"^ ^°S^ Casement. 

I«I.°d' "' "'' '^^ W* Brigade would b, u«d in r , . 

Did he „y th«v , ■» -wd m Irelud onlyj-ln 

Amenca. ye.. ' """"» *« -n the w„ they .hould go to Amerioa.-To 

Hare you not been ni«n„„ ...... .. *^ 



«d £j;^-' - end o, .«h'^^rrC%ttg-o-io« :i 

re..on to. ^''" '^ '^o ^^^ "l the 19th February t_B«»„„ , , 

By the Loan Cam J ^i— "ecauw I have good 

•ny ration, were cutZm S*r^"'"u °? ***<^ how you fix it »_»-„ 
Bv Mr «„. _**"'* week afterwaM. i u n ' — "e<»uie 



Evidence for Prosecution. 



BUMO-lFlM 

Were the ntioiu 



not ^^ir;i» ttTz:^^'^^' «"• »<» «" ^*™«y.-i could 

Tie amount of bread. That iTwi,.* ' ??" "^ *" tm7 amaUt- 

and wha^»e^„„^iting!^" '"* " '*" ^''•'? »• • PiecJ of^ 

ttitut^g maS for^ti^.^fL"^ J" yo" "tion further reduced by „b- 
fttS™'';,"'^ '"^^ '"* Brigade «Si go onJ-Ye. 

n.0 Jrarap^Htou^™-^^ '-tahe you hach for . 

D.d he «.y ,ho were to take then, to Ireland to flght^-Tl. ^.n^ 

EnglSd. *" "^ ■«""* ''»° «»y were to fight»-To flght agah-t 

Tou Jd « there wST>i^M'Mai]^K" ""^/J"?""*" I want to put. 
my lord. ™ ■'"'^ altogether in the lamburg Qunp»-?i, 

were «» tK'aJ *" ^"^ -' '"'•«'- ^ mo were Iri.hl-,l.ey 
Irid.^'!rL''^p """^ to be aniriri. ca„.p. rbej aU c«ne a. 
fi-d I'-^^et? tl:7wTe''Irlt-?:'»"P '" ""- "Tthing done to 
«d yT'i!;;!^™.'""' *" ""* y"" ""« <»»'». "nd where you were bom 
8cotc?;^d''i;'l.'"'^ •"' ''^ ««'■»-*• thereJ-Ye., mixed-EngUah' 

r.T','?."'"'>'^» whaTj^tenta l"r1 there? Z''"' ~"'''?,- -"^ 
Enghsh, Irish, and &!otoh_I^t t^^ ttere!— They were all mixed— 

They wer; Sxed^^t;^* ^/Z"", ■ v '"^^^ *° »» Wd, 

You eay they were ?n^^;rH?'^.J''t'^ ."«''"«"*•'-*" regiment. 

^ S:^..^fS^].a? «."-■» 

26 



^^' ^ogcr Casement. 




f^ 'r '7& *" '"'-'^ ••" "Pi-.i to u^ i. 

not Mv who ..r; *^ " "• "ohev and be >«.t !S^. . 'P*** ^e wid 
«»tyT^ fi?f^^ '^^P'? ^^ "'tening to thiet-TT. 

•^^ifoJ' '"""'^'"-''-'^^'^^-rsSd'Se;:^ 



Evidence for Prosecution. 

MnA fK^ John IsMbsmi 

•nd bad it bwk to t^ Gim.„. ^iT .'"^ *»«"«? the dooummt 

■k«tod from there to G«,«i,f <m IIT^^'^/k'' ^I* "'".♦I-, "d I «u 
W-, .bout 160 otherTri^r. til ^I.'r° "" Wih Brigade. TUn 
•P»ed to join the Iriah*^ bS ^ ^., *T°- ^°~ "' '^'° >»<> 

«cha4d and •<rr:ierto Si. »uX ""■ °" **^ °^' ''" 

CrOM-examined by Mr SnuiTi» h™ i «. _ 

?>«kmg on the oocaafon. ^t^utl^f SLfi"? T" S'' Ropr Ciuement 
heard him .peak for inrtj^SS^f ''°^ *" "•• ""> ^^ ti™ you 
minute.. '^ ' ">««n<»»-About a qu.rt«r of «, hour to tin^tj 

Can you remember aU he aaidf-No. 
oJ^d '^ - tt: wS'iliNo'l^ti??,!'" *» 80 t? I"l«a ,h.„ the 

th.tS^*a^;',t:id"L''"b:;t^t"4iTz'^? ^'^ ?"-=« ---^ »"» 

Tou have done yoS b«t to .to^l?^ ^ •"?■ f ?* "'^ ^'^ """W »<>»■ 
I wgeeM to yoJZat^e «;^L^';J"^v°''^' ''»™ ^one a Uttle bit. 
that the Wd, Brigade wMtT^^n^ 7^f ^"^^ '"«> "o" the war 
•t «a meantime ^wLZtwh!?!,^ Ireland unle« there wm . victo^r 
remember him MTine^if^ftT,^. i f ""? *~' *»"""" remember that. I 
Ireland ^ ^ °*™^'' '"'' * "'=*<"7 <»> "a he would land u. in 

.t th!t'ti^" '• "" •'""'" " '" - I'<"«»d y» -re to .ervet-Oh, p». 

tione?.''' '"' "^"^ "' *^« 'O""- of P''y™«nt^-Te.. there wa. £10 men- 

s^:JSS3|t^-'^^ 

-^iTi^i^^S-^-yto^Oto^to 
In any event t — Te». 

W 






^'' ^ogcr Csucm. 



lent. 

^, Did on. or l« -^ , '^ ''»'«<•• Did !>. 

.K». ^f '» then ttiT ttl' - '^'^ "PPo-bg. o«n, 

•bout that tune *** •t«t«iii«rt wu m.d. l^ 

-Tl'Ji^l '^ <»•*• of thi, .p^ ^ ^ '"• "" 'o iota 

1 A^l-mrr "^ *'' '•-^ «- - -o „.n^ 

?' -/.-li^^^SS t^?-"' ""•- -^ "-' --■ 

C.Knient in bi!Tlth^ ^"^ <" ti""* there n.-j 

Ireland t-I nev", CS h7;L" *" .'^^ ''»'W^- of S. T^J^' «" «<«" 



Evidence for Prosecution. 

Did jou attend uv oT tk. —*■ ••** ■*•»•" 

«»»^on with th. JSd VoliTtJr^'*' *^* ""• 1»W in Bdfut 1. 

«« «/ tSte^-No"* "porta tut ,«, .i^j^ .^^^ 

^ re«d noM ^_No. ^^ 

• alS'S^CJSAS'— •««.. ..... . 

I h.iI''irJi':S "^ "°" "-«*»« •'»''». not «,ldi.„ or poJic«„.„^. 
*J»™«n5 «boutJ— T*i 

r^f'^cl.^n!T'^;'^rSr-^'^ »•" «>• i'-y that «u 

would «^*aT^1.:r ""«" «» Wd. Brig«te to I»U„d,-<W., 

Wiu he actuaUy in the oampI-Ye. 

th. men ^^^'Se.^Ter™ '*'"*'» *^ "'»<'•» J»u tell „ ,«, 
Several of theml^ Te, . u „.. ■ , 

<^ '^„f™f:;..a»d one m«>'wouTd^St """"' *° ^^^ "^""J would 
3^0 do ^u n^ ,, .. ^,^_,. « ,he„ .^^^8-^^ere.^T.j. ^ 

Sr«"8'S:^t.^SSK;'™rw1.SjJ^'^ live at U 

•ehool with him *U,nf),*^* I**'"™* 'hom I kiew- i iJT T 

29 



^ Sir Roger Casemei 



mt. 

•l>™rook on the ooU.rb.Tt!' ^ '"'.' ""«• "hether it wu TfiST ^^ 

f"vsrorn'„?n^^'^^«er:;.i'Q^ «r/ ' °^ 
to'^'t.t^'ror^iTi'i^iS?-'^^- i««r,?:iss 



Wbw* 



Evidence for Prosecution. 



SLlSS^i.:}:! ^!.i-'.«- r^ '»^-i w« 



You «w« out tt Kinptowa^Tn 
not niMmUr. ' *** **^ *""' '""■'■ l !"- ilogr..,?-! d„ 

Stn^ broke out a h, d.,. ,ftJr,.„taV U* 

i. Du\r£!5'o.*' '^'^ "-"^"- *"'-"• Volu.^„ .,, , .„, ,^,„^ 

Did you «• thmn driUin»f_No. 

Sl^Jt- "Tu** Y"'"'"'*" drilling in DuWinlL^. 
ft' m.rd»ug thpou^ tho city J-No 

J«««l2drthr -*»»»•"" -"til you left DuMia,-, w- «,» 

tbemt-lTwould. ' ^"^ '°" '" **• •"■«"* -ould you notio* 

Did «ioh bodie. pM. you in the ,t«ete in Dublin »-No 
Are you tun of thatj— Tee. "uoiini— no. 

Tou noTer «aw them »— No 

Mthe end of Februa^^-A'^l'TdSf'Sl-XS^- 

^ i/'^'^T' '«i'>"<l»-The bread ntion. 
W« tt.^"7tt" ev^y one in the campi^i wa. 
Wa« there a further reduction of ration* in Anril t_v^ 
For every on. in the oampJ-Yea Apnll-Tefc 

I W 17 '" "'* °"*"' '^'"'"°'' "' "«»• "^r Aprill-No, not that 

goin/^ aTtW™fi,S "eilr '^ '"^ ^"'^*' '^^ *^'»'-H '" 

^e ^^YaJ'tT^i; "aird!"h:?»n^<'C^Se''r "'Z ^J5 
the tagade, their ration, were not reduoT ^^"^^^ »•■' '>»o joined 
^ Were not they removed from the otmp^-'niey were, to the top of the 

W^l7!^y."T^ *" ? """P "^ ^eir own»-Te.. 
wae It withm the aame linei J— Ye» 

SSr llT^' ""* ""' "°* «^ '^^ you «7^-Te.. 
And given new unifonm, apparentiyj— Toe. 



■"■■•••I OVOUHT 



Sir Roger Casement. 



Expeditionary Foroe in Augurt 19U "t'?- ' *«°* "*>» the BritUi 

tiAeo to fiariMtadt, and then XuTth* ™;^^i"^ ^ ^ *"" »'^'» ' »« 
^b<>rg. Wh« 1 fi.rt'r? to JUmb^^L"' December I went to 
Pn«>neri of war there. ShSrUy ift» ai^_ *^- **" »»'«>'>* 300 Irid. 

outikirt. of the crowd. I h«rtotUn^w*K *°i^- ' '»» »» the 
on that later occeuon, but I Sid nZh«r^ 1 1*"^. j^ "?• I «.w him 
Jf-ing and booing him downThe ui.*Sr.r^/* ^ "'d. The people w™ 
hi„^ him were foUowei ™ Johniri^o1,T *.. ^* '"d.«'«tZ.e who 
taaement a traitor Th»f ^-.T V^ ™ "» *th Dragoon Guard* oallnl 
other camp f„. pSahme^tlC^tS; ',%•??* ^ Oie^Z":Z 
only oocaaion. on which I uTsh Ro^Jl^^ Robinwn. aiwae are the 
oamp in the nert autumn?Tn SctoW ^Tf" * f ' *^i!' "^P- ' '•'* ^ 
toe was entitled " Crime. Agai^tMand ' h's*'™^'^" ** t^" «»"P 
tte other wa, entitled " The Wthe ^T«, ^ f 't ^'««'" C«ement, and 
•» any author'e name to that f«rt t?^!!-' ""' '"'•"d." I could not 
^Idre., headed " Sen 'W J." tE^f ^^^^ f*""^ ^^Wt No. ? 
wa. not in typewritten form. iZdd noi tirS^ -1°™ ^ *^» ""P- I* 
tte men in the camp, but I biTit. ?!it" ^"1 'I "^^ *o be a.i,ngrt 
J«n<a/ r.«« and The Gatl^Zt^^^'^.^i^P^I'^. The pS^ 
document which i. rimilar to^l^"' T^ J,»tnl«ited. I „w the 
""•p. I could not toU thTe^lito °Li t°^^ ."'^ ««**»? «» «>• 
C«ement «dd««ed the fl»t Sne ' I 11'"!L'°°8 *'**"• ^^ Roger 
before or after he addre«wd ^^SL j .S"* ""* "^ 'Aether it wae 
October, 1916, and I Wh«n»Lr?-i"*!S*- • ' ^*' ^bui^ i^ 

». ':>^:^S^^ o- -^"or^^^rr^-- Z-ii 

the 3?JV|^L^4' ''~* "" '" " '»-^^«Ur n.^ time about 
J«.u2^™ ^'"' " P"**' «•«" ""''"motion of how the date. rtand^-Te. in 

JMuaiy wa, the eeoond occ«Hon^_Te. 
Dece^r.^t-tZa'C" "^ •""«"-" '" "^^ •* the end of 

^ ,S'*n:™rtw'tir*'^r C«.Srt' ■ TL^*-"^' ""^ <" """""y- 
but I heard he wa, there ^L im " ** ""^^ afterward, l_^o. 

MthTpe^aTw^Z'^.it """"f *^r .Rerward-U-No. 
w-^there. but you did n^T ^hSr orj^^oJ^ont-tKlJoJ'"^ "• 



Evidence for Pro8ecuti( 



ion. 

In that fint *ii«inh hn. i .. , "irtiMl oxouor 

ten .nUnuto.^? tSrt„^:.°S? ^^Z'^^.T" "^^ -"»"«. or 
paannf remarki. outUurto of the crowd; I heard them 

No. "^ ■" "*" ™» mything going on, I «uppoM f_ 

tS?. C!'Jt •"*' *'** » 'e» minute»t_Y«. 

" ^^ ov6r»_It might hive C" "" *^ ""'**^ ^^t *• »« 

the w^V'jire^i: ;« rS.^A^i.t'^^0 <" ^» ^ the conte. that 
n«> war bemg nearly over, he wa. recruiting an Iriah Brigade^Te.. 

MiCIUn. M'/wvB» • . . 



~P*«°ber till 22nd DecemS^ wh^^f went^ll^""^*" '««' 1* 
were othen with me, aU Irishmen «nH t^Z Jamburg Camp. There 

TWnumb^ about 200o" ^d^l^*' ^^^fro-n different regiment 
when I got there, I found other reeSS^W? ^emielager. At fimburg, 

berSir WrCa«nento<«mng^™Wr^'"™,f'S':'*°'P«- ' ~™^- 
• "fk before I amt «aw him I ^Tg^L- ''^"^'^'"''"••bout 
at the end of the linee I «w Mm Jp^kinJ^^T"^ *'™''8'' *^« '^■'«. «nd 
he«,,d. .Thefintoooa«onoTSTitrr°^.- ' «™W hear what 
"• about Srd or 4th Januarv im H. lii *^ *''?"*' *°7 ^^ "aa on 
purpMe of forming «, I,Kri««le' a.5 .^^J^"" ''* <««» there for the 

w>i7 nearly two month, lateH htSTw ,^'""*j.*^* *"'' "' Februarv, 
Kuaaian Camp at Umbure. ' ^!! .„, ?,,T ° *^'^™" »th« men in tte 
they wereeent up to the Buadan^S"'^ 1^'° '"IT"' *« '"* Brigade 
they were dre«»d in Shaki, ^cepTL J TZ' T*"''' "'"'" ^^T th^-" 
"mform. I know the naWea^T^Jo^ ,,« or t Jo T *? '""^ ^di 
DowUng wa. another. Quinle., ^^Z,eL k ^""^^ T' "">«. «nd 
the only two in that new uniform T?!. f^' ?"«''' ""^ Dowling were 
w*re in khaki, and «me in dv™an.' doth'^*"-.^'"' '"'* '"'"^ 'he camp 
ln.h Brigade atayed in the RuS Q,^ fh '^"".''ho had joined the 

r— u ^ ^X^ vSr^:H~ ?^ --rpiTn't? 
p^'n'p'^ :tr.re^HF°^^ J" -'^^^?*^^ 
S'ci^^r thW-S^f-S"^^^ ' ^"^^ 

tt«* «nd Sir Roger Caae^t Sir^c^r" ' "^ '^««^ "d D^C 
.ai^the ,ri-. Brigade, , ^ein^ -n^^^^^"^- -^J^aT-r^i 

It 



Sir Roger Casement. 

would .end tkU men to1^"rica^Tth^r„ * ^*™™ '*'"e **>« *" h* 
pocket nHaey^uid piaJaX, emnS™»r /"^ P*"^' ■"<> ^l" «' ^^ 

to be the gueat. of the GerZ, Gove^^en? H. V° '•J'\"''* *^ '*" 
v.0U^ on the water he would 'lTd"thTbriga^^"n'TX^a*'* '"' '^"™" 

from German v«2eS. iTd not herhi^ ' T* *»,*» l"d«d in I^and 
^ing to get to Irel«,d, but he^idTe rul^LnH V*"* '"■? ^"f'"^'' '«™ 
i« nothing more I can teU that I hea^Tr n ^™ '" ''*'"°^- Th*™ 
I OMn. bLk to the clp I n«« wJ hi^**' '^"'"?*''* "^ *^»* ^^r- 
on two oocaaion,. Aa'^to how wh^r^ ™ °° ""^ other ocoa.ion-^nly 
listened to him wa« ^ived L f iT t ^?? °" *■"" ^7 that I 

Nobody agreed to""nrtt:?.^ait°'*^t:2Xt''""' ""' "^ '^■ 
down to our own eamn Ou/r»t^!' "i' "'^ "*''« marched back 

riiortly after Febn^raboS^a wXrTXn'r" *^'" J'?'^"' or 
heard. I eaw a book «^*i J ••n- '°"™™ <J«ys after this speech I 
That book wrprinS^lrg^. '^^ZJtY" -^t"-?- 
every room. They were diMrih,,t^ k! 7°" ™"« O"" fo""- oopiea between 

^-m.<.„. I left LTX^'inXt^^'r^t^r J"' ''*'.'^ 

s=t. runnt!hir««°^^^««^^^^^ 

uniform with dark ^ fLto™- it ™. r "™ "*" '" » "sl" «««» 

di«„Ss':hr:^t^^hatjs^:'^i^T::^ ^^^°«^ «— »» 

war, did not hel-YM. '^'^ * '"'* ^"8«de if Germany lost the 

}? ^^Tw rt'"* ^"??^« """"O ff° «« AmericaJ-Yea 
Se^ ■rS^"^-^'"'^'^- -^^^^^ 

^^cfl^Ti^^^z.T'^ '" ^^ «- - bX. h: 

^D.d he speak of the Irish Volunteer movement?-Not to my know- 



Home%S| t I^etnd l^n^He^ef h^Tr '" ""^-^ ^ ^^^^ 
the warl C^^r'"*""* 5° °°'"* ""'« '" *>■« «™''t <>' Germany winnine 

If .he won tile war«-If .he won Hie war. 
won by^tS: Z.^tj^fCZ'^ ™ "" ™'"*- *" Some Rule to be 
Are you rare of that»_| haro never heard him ny it. 



Evidence for Prosecution. 

BntiA tidier, to join the S^ W^«*^K?i '" ''"'" '" "edocing 
me«» they were M eMasedT t^' *"" *«^* ''"' *» German.. That 
puT».e. 'l .ubmS^C^^e a riZt^r""' °y~' '<" one conCn 
ryuig to do when we are prlywX th ^H™ '"'?*, *^« ««™«« we,« 
I read one passage from Arehbfid th! '^ °™'" ''*'P*<* »<> *> it. May 

the Kmg', death, 4o., or in wS T. „ .^'' J"***"" enoompaidng 

onme wa. the result of a oo^^,:l ^%?S!^ '"'-^ ^™™ » tk»t ^^ 

the accomplice., not a. a oonfSn .C„?*^ ^"l°f '^"^ ''^ <>°e of 

'ftwhering the common d^m T "'mply, but for the pu^ow of 

"other."; and there arrotTrTa-s^'''^"''''* «"depoe alalSTthe 

Mr. Sdlut4v_i will „.n .' J""'""?*' of the rame kind, 
of oon-pi^cy ht™ 1*'^,.'^ *XCe ta^' ""'* «""> » - cha^^ 
J<H. may po«bly have charge.^Zin,ra *"* f^- *"* '*« ^"'"^ 
•P"-aoy by way of treaaon Xa^tron^i ',,"*?« "^^aged in con 
M-i: ,?'""• T^ «"' P™™ the c^Zu^^v in^ *f "^- ^""8 charged 
Mulcahy-where the wt of e«!h ^Sf^^ *5*?. P"™ ""7 «ot,Vf 
every member of the body, bTwh°Tlt^.l' ^^1 *« be the act of 
M^me that a conspiracy ha« beJC 1,^ ".* °° oon.piracy, to 
ar.t rtep in what i now ruehTto tL^^ '*'"^' "'"* P'OTSui the 
«u. evidence. But there Ho ohL^ ^"?'JT"'?: ^^ "dmiwion of 
conviringwithanyper.onorwrii^S.Tr.^''"* ^"J°^ C^-o^ent o 
Af' 'It «'f«J««ted^with ^r^mC JIT^ ^'"'i' noaUegation 
a>«; the charge before you, myl^rd !. » t •'*"™^ *™y in doing 
act which U the penonal a^ "f the m.„\''T ""P'? »' -Joing aS 
of «,me oonnectioC even in th»t^. ?.. '"'°*"' *"'' "n the ab^noe 
urtterance of hi, pur^e ° if youTrl.vl'"',^*' "' .'''' "^t* '«' ^ 
to be admi.rible, lirthe .^tei^"d%c*?f'^*° ^ *■" "g^-t,, ™ 
^. the evidence goe., he ha. ne^Z>nt V^,^ ^"^ '''°»' a. far 
I "ubmit. ™™' '«"' "» hi. life cannot be introduced 

A.»»e the eharg^ i. tha^he adheU ^; King..-enZt,r ^^t 



|ft 



Sir Roger Casement. 



of one of the 



Eing'i 



'-p^iiiri.ss'* •"•^ '• ""* "» «^*«» of ^t oh«g,, , ^ 

Own 1, that he »« workiiLf S a«Srti^5. ^- "f^ '' '■ P"* by the 
*at ««.» wa. adhering to^bTf nL^' ^«' '^'■^«- «d ta 
given a, the overt acta ^ ' ''"™'*'' ">' «*• which are then 

m proving he ««.»"/ to'S^^S^VIlfS 'Ve"? *? iif «^^™ " " '^ 
W Hanover to Limburg, ofTome^. ^i. 1 '"".*'''* *''« °^ went 
•ould not object to. * ""*' " «'«"'y admiwible; that you 

obtervation, are wlSlT^ ' ""'^ ""'" ?»'"* '' "Aether the general'. 

The Lord G™ j^""*'"" '"^''"P' inferred.] 
want ua to rule upon UlTt^t"^" ^^ t P"" *^« Po^-t. You 
tion in ruling if you dkiZ it^^. , "" ^« "l"" havrno heaite 
.t i. BuificienV impoZT '' *^* ""^^ ■'■^«''° » whether ;!:„ tti^k 

b«l|%!t"^rrt1S;:^^r^f|^,-^it I an. entitled to put it, 
want to ask whether aiWj,™ ^""^.^ "*"''»* wa. aaid I did 

'"Xtr-c-^ssH? r - " ""' ^™ "-^ ^^^ 
Sr5"--hat!.t€Hr ^^-'^^ 

gTe -ra - .!^?.£^%«nr^,,;-n«Sr^ 
Wifved very badly. 7^" *° "*• He told u. how the Engliah 

Ileft Hawver I went to Limburg Ttit^^V,.^^ ?«"'^«'- '«"'» 
me from Hanover to Limburg. ^ere wt« „.?'* "><> '"'"^en came with 
^o were not Iridimen. men we boTI^ Tl ' '*" ""«" '''"' nie 
were not Iri,hmen were found^ut an^*J?, ^'""""'S ""^ »' «■<>» w™ 
where w« never knew. Wh™ I L?1T* J""'' *" """^ "*« place- 
ment there. I ,a^ him on ^e ev^fnl^d™""^ ' »»'' ^ir Roger'^.' 
evening he aid how all the W,m!n ?* J^^*" "* P" *« Limburg n«l 

Inahmen back aga n and make th.m . '"""'"»■?: he would bring all the 
^J'^ "^ r ^'■'' »'d "^' * tte crewT "m "• C"-"-*"* "M „*"„: 
cLerT,'" *T*''*'"' «» "hole draft of iMwh«^^ ''^ «?* *" ^■"'""•K 
Ca«ment made a .peech U, aU of u- TT^ .^"^ '^"^ '™"' Hanover 
^ ^-- u, au Of u,. On thai evening he never men 



Evidence for Prosecution. 

M the Iridm.™ the4 a' r«^t1h™l? *.''""'' r"**- bHSS Sm 
given to them; we were to Mt^LJ u ''"* «'<>'''«■ ""J footwew 
?"d were to bL weU M, If^teut^k J^T "l *^^ '"""'"K "^^ 
w what he uid to u. on tH ■ ^ *"*'' ""^ *•>» Gemuia. iSt 
»ot know who he w™: t.^«rtoS^/\!^' ""»*• P«"««"^7 I^W 
for a oouple of eveningraf^'jS'' '"^' "-""o ^ *»"" "eniV-n<^ 
eremng „ weU aa I cm re^w ' N«^ i" ^^^^ *" '» "^ that 
olog. and Sir Roger wa. TS^ cLd on C?',?* -^ ^' *^« """den 
He did not aay anwhine to n. tL?^L f •*^^. '»"'"'"'g morning again, 
never mentioned ^hfng^Cttte WiI'bh""'.'^' '1* BrigfaTh; 
came into all the barrack-roonu H. „ ?^* »' t""** t™*- He 
near a, I can rememberto^wa'. o? a Fri J.f ''' IT-''""* ^ '"■ *■ 
we arrived. On the Fridav hIV.m! Fnday, and it wa* on Thundav 
thing happened on the wten^grd^^'" *° ^ ""-P. «nd then3 

abarr:^^r:o^^SL'':h:r ^"rvTce':,.*'!!^^^^ '»* ^-to 

the crowd of u. went intotte uS^k " m^^^ to be going on. When 
he wa. getting ready to give ai^«hT?h. t u'' ^^^ «" * table; 
Inah Brigade book in hi, W h71,S the barrack-room. He had an 
of a fortnight, and when he ckme b«k h * ™n,S' *« ""*'' '■"• *» "P*" 
thia book, and with the fifty n^. ^L ^J^ *° "* ^'ty name, in 
to join the Iriah BriglieL C' ^n'"''* T' *" "* " ">" ^^ '" maS 
al« «Lid the German^^vernml" Cf ^J^u "t "* B"P^«- He 
ammimition and uniform.. He Iw m? *'^ *? '*"«'"'« ''* «»• «d 
that the Iriah Brigade wodd ffet ^^)." 2"^ aomething about pay; 
did not .ay where^they Zdd'^'L'Z, f"'«' about from ilO to i20. He 
on that Suiday that thVwe™ S^t^^l'T"',, •"*. »'«' *»•'» the Iriahmen 
ever gained a naval viS^ tt« wou^S land th"^f 'l ''»<^. '^''* '' ««™«»y 
andto.trikeabWfor^I™U^„d™"atafni^n.ir* ?"l^* » '"''"">. 
aUK, M,d how the Germane were vei-TruK. tl^ ^^ ^.™"* ''"'*• ^i 
mudi Lke the German.. Pe™>naZ T^ w S '"* ""^ the Irid, yery 
that IreUnd had the gtrnr,ZT^ ^ ■ "'^ ^^^^ that. He aln aaid 

U.U I «memter.""'C:r'ali5°rw^„t W^'tTr I't' ^^ ^^^ 
«ome Mrgeant over «>ni6 aec^n ^7wW ^ '"* ®^e«<'® book with 
wa. to «gn hi. name to thU ^k and w?. *i!?^ *" '"^ thi, brigade 
™re free men, and they ^Id b^Len" to^,i*'^i"*"'!?». <^« B"8«de they 
al.o wanted to know if aU the ^„ "h'ej^ ^tl ^*'*" ^'^ '^*^- He 
Indimen. No one aigned the bSi cn^* a" "^^"8 w*™ a" true-bred 
some wgeant-I fo™|r^e namTof ?h. "^ ^^ . ^« ^^ ""^ '«" with 
Ca«ment then wenT^a" I ThU' S, c^T^''''™ J* '" ^*' ^^■ 
He did not do anything on thatdk; ^ ^ ''?* °° *^« 'oUowing day. 
^eech or anything lik! ?hat Lt L vif^lfVi"?'"*'''- He gjve no 
Then he leftua, and it waa a fort^'ji? W ^'^k'"*'^ barrack-roon/ again, 
not .ee anything of theZk aM*le^ri^?o~? '"''' "g!'"- ' ''i'' 
I never uw anything of the book H« IL L ^ •"•* """* '»'''' 'gam— 
Ae to the date when he ^T^ .^'Z t ^ T ^'"^ *" *""» '« that, 
at t,«,a«er end of ^^'^^^''^1:^^ — T -> ^a. either 
men he e«ne b«=k on that occTaion he a^Saomething to the men. 

n 



JttaMn 



Sir Roger Casement. 



IriSf v°i """"^ '""^^d in IreCdf aod Uii^h. * "if" '" °° danger rf 
In* Volunteer, in Ireland a^Vt h. .' ''* "" *•"» head man ovir tto 
^*;°g-they looked, and hi ^2^ howd to iL?!^ l^- °."t*» «» ^ow ,i,^ 

a«; I "*"" "" *"/ one •ign the^t .♦ n °^oj^^ the book that 
baA «,e «oond time a corpor^if^i .^\7j^ ^™; ^^ he came 
h^ .W'- .'^''* '"°° ii« .ec^ndT/to"/^ ''"'"*" joined^ 
^^ng of at the end of Ite3ir " «rl^*T»-*^« »»« ' k^ve 
«»a«on Corporal Quinlete ioinedfw ."S''^ '" January. On that 

i^-'y ^»™d thiy leTtC^p 'i^:::'ir\'"° ^''«'- ^'^' 

1 Mw then, again they were drwU) ;„ *"'.?'«>> afterward., and when 
Poured uniform, «mWng SHS ^™ "'°"?,- " "" • P^^° 
5fP "d * diamroek on it I JzL. ™*°,"°'''"™. and the^^, . 
T^V W no arm. with tiL in Z^ '"I "'"*'*''!■ *hey had^y ™,' 
^ bro.«ht up to Ti.it ttTm^nthirbl^r'" ""** ' "" » 'henro 
<>«oe. When they came back to I ?n,i! "^■""™ " ^» Iri'h BriMde 

*» not with them rnthrb^:^^r^^"fr''* ™ "^«. b«t he 
*>>y atayed in one of the barra^ ^^1 j ™*° ^'^ t'o "en came back 
Wall tie action, of thel^^„T^i<""' •* the top end of thSWp 

to^. riA Brigade office,'rdTrX^tt?™"r«°li'^'^ "P » "^^ 
oufcrent quertion. about their n™,nt^ j i ** *hree men, and adced 
ftjgade, and now wae Se Ume to^S ?or oM ?' f'^ *^'"'«'" «' *» ^A 
~" more. There were three m^Sa?"'"'!,"'? '"'<' K*^" Home Bute 
•nen were two name.akee7Two^^."°'T; ?"'' ' 'hink the other t™ 
^X"', ™« n««!hed up 'before t3™„'* ^i^^""^ °«>" than once 
we^^ir.te- ^- «- - h'^S'j.nS^'Zlr^^ S?^t^ 

:t'S"F'« - "^••'"ht »^^^^^ ^v- T^^ --r 

«?" - "°«an''%TST-^^^"'^^ 
When CWmentoamebaokhe iuKtJuT^ Nioholwn, came there next 

^^ when thi. Irid. Brigade 'Z ^^Z^"^ «""* ^'°'"«' *h» "^ 
.^v^ /^"v™* *^« Russian.. ^VTe J^l^ ^'^ ^"t to go to help the 
g»ke to the men in my hearirT^ u ^T ''"'' Sir Roger Caw^t 

were to go and help the Turk.^^^-.!^ . ">' *"• the Irish Briaads 
were to go and hein rt n agamrt the RuMane, and ««.™i?„ ?r^ 



Evidence for Prosecution. 



treated for alxHit a fortnight Tl^ tt!J Vh '^?"'T ^' "«« weU 
be reduced. He bread wa.rS,^ ^L^^" *^ i""^ coroinenced to 
were reduced I oamT «»«t 7^""°.' ™ »»«* "»• reduced, and poUtoe* 

•boot fifty preiw or r^J^ ^^"^ ^«»-°™' '^ted itf-There were 

ni« every man in thVcam^. ''"^^' "'*"' ""■ ' ««Jd not recog- 

Did you ii' ^'i!f ^'^ ^'1^"*' "°<"* '^'"°« i-to Court.) 
torgeViiL '^ """ "" '""^ ""^P'-I -"iKbt have aL him, but I 

O-BrJen'S ^^1.1^^^^^''""' ""^ ^™- '"• »id ^o" kn- Daniel 
Did you know Michael O'Connor in the c«mpJ_Yee 
oL t£'. ^''- * ?«7»-y". be wa. in the'^«Jp 

tbe <^t' re^irthtk':, '^.•?::r'L'Sr' ^ ^^•-^ <^"~™-'- 

Aa near aa you can go!-I cannot think of any datea 

^l^ed'^tU-tr.t-^.:^-^^^^ 

bea^^Z "^i fh^'t^ &™.Tr"ar ^.l^ ^'-^ «» ^^''«^' •>- 
l^?raiZ^!!!L%-^r -^^^^ Turk, ^ Si, 

t™e,2percrsia^^T:;if^^-^ 

Turk.f-I cannot sZktothr^T"^ t^'/o" be"d him .peak of the 
hec«u,« ! di^^S!^ ^ ""* '*"** ' ''«"^ l"™ «P«»k of the TS.rka 

You di«remember the dateat— Yea 

Tou cannot aay was it early or lateJ— 1 cannot aay. 



hi* 



«.*„, ^"" ^°gcr Casement. 

To whom did m». »..t xv '^ ^"* 






"me. 
evening 



,•,•-» fiat tree »_Te» 

did^t%ee hif^ i t^eJ-He did not 4R mJ^ *u T" "» ""^ 
naw M™ .. ' ''* "ent away out n» *w '"' *»' eveniiur. I 

«aw him afterward.. I jij „<^ ^* »| "-at camp on tUt evenin, iut I 

I "ever „w him a«un^' ^fte Vf"" "? *»* eveni^*' ""* ' 
„ "a« It truef I „iii fT, Jt^ ™** eveninir. 

- the barn^k^.P'-O" «■»* evening he did'add:^. the^Ml'tV F,^rr.* 
rZ Z^Zr^rtV« "ot ^ the line. 

« *" "' ' "" "^"^ ^™ --^ 0PP»tunit, o, underrtandin. 



Evidence for Prosecution. 



bun in tbe camp: I nerer uw U^l^ ^l™^ »»terwardi. and I nw 

Tou beard hi «! •** J"m again on that evening. 
Aoutin~»iTel ^ '^'* " ^""^ *« «» «"»•»"•. •nl oouM hear th. 

ftit you nerer nw bimt-On thM evening after 
e^-ryXrr^.'^/- '^** '"- ~^* -'nl^tlH, wa. in tb. camp 
NichotJn;"''' """* '*"' '''*^' NichoUont-Oaly once with Father 
That wa. about tbe l.t February t-Ye.. 

«^«..4wr^rbrd.rn„7.^^His^r;^--- 

tbe X^'btoit? l^ti;^' to *•" '^If**^? Nicbol«,n.-In 
camp. ^^ '*"^ NicbolK)n Kparated, going through the 

t.^i^"* *•""* day«»-Yet. 

about tS: ^kTor'Cil^°„r ^r."^^"'' "T f°"!? "°* »"'• «<» "ytbing 

bod.^^sjd**^^« "wU"?* ?;°,i.^tj^ Jz;:?^' " ---^^ '"•* -o- 

be iaid. ' ' "'^' "° *«W you now about bim, what 

By tte LoBD Cmif Jo8tic»— Who i« "he "t-Slr B„». r. 

By Mr. ScLuyAu—TO,, :. -v.* Jr f? . '~''*' ^■°fS»' Caiement. 

they joined thi. Irilh Brim^« tw fifty mw. <rf our men-tiat when 
the'Bu..ian, » the tS fi^JlJ *° ^ "? ''*'P *« T"k. ag«nri> 
help the Gennanrag^rt to^fe ^L*^.' *''t* *^Y ""'« *° ^ »'"> 
*" t d'^l "r Sj-^i-- -^v'e c"oun^" '^' *"* «»' -" *» 
o/mf.i.SiX^::^^;:^"' — *^- *« -<•«>.* in the p,^ce 

:^id"'in*^,'^'' "* ""•''^ '' - v^^^^M tr:.rr:u'"ts:5 

camp'';1tKl'"Ni;tl»t'',l^Tr"*' "" «■* "''^ "« -"^o '-'' *» «» 
day, S™ A*»rhim llth^^"*'*"''"' ."•*.** ^" 0«" «■«* on that 

lou told the (?entleman »t the W-ir (>«..„ j.? < »v , „. „ 
Caaement did not i^k 0„;,.iL j-j ""'^^ "™>° ^at though Sir Boger 
a not (qjeak, Qmnle.. did say thme. on that day J— It i. ^ 



- **«-^ *^t^j UUJ4J 

' o' thinga, you know. 



41 



_ . When thrwV'wL'trf/e^r"' ""*" *^ "'^ -. overl-W 

" *^-ro'£ n '"• "• " °'^"^"^- -' --^ 

M tiiey landed in Amerioa»_Ye, 

f™l. D "~ *^« 'rem Hanorer ■ % t^ ""a who were di««^ 
.toodup.) ""«"«»•'. I«kthatle.hould*„.d„p ,Cron- 

the oUpt-C I *^ ''"' ^'"' •'"'"' Cronin here- HM 

I haTr»<~ *'««'«'nber entirely. ' *'' y°" »« him in 

~«^.ber Robin«,„."^«^- »«» ?»« know John Bobin«.n,-, di. 

-^ -- .-H 0, Si. Ho,-^^^^^^ Who .„ ,_, 



Evidence for Prosecution. 

About how mMTCl diSlV- Jr v"* •••'• ■""» " 1<" o' time.. 
~ often in th.t 3p """""""-f how m«,y tiin«; ho w„ there 

Limburg. " interT.U»-Ho w., there the flm time I Unded .t 

WM « the c.„p he w« JlTheTi^to,*"""' '" "^'^ *'™ "« 

iTAo^ but'lrian *!ir '-"^'-N'"" 'orty-.i, time., 
of what he «id. «d i^!!u,Z Sd IS'. '"• " 'r ■"."' »* *»'" >«'« 
of the date, he' .aid Z,7^biZ butterTCJ'"'" V "^^ 'P"* 
he WM alwav. talkinir to th. nw^ ^, * ' *»" him in Umbunr 

Wore you able to get .bout a littleJ-Ye.'^ I SL^i. t„ ,.», u. 

When were you flrit a.ked ■)»•.« thl J i »oio to walk about, 
•nythingj Who flrrt aAed you to „* tt.^*^'*" ? "'"'"' ''« '""' '"d 
"y |»rtiouUr thing^-^?^.^Z^^Vi»?''' " "l"" ™ "'"'<='' ho -aid 

™' w«. tJie a7th May, wa. it not f— Ye.. 

ubo^"^i^„g=rs;,a;hai'^, 'rL.trh.^rK!"^:°™»— ' «» « 

before Good Friday. IWt ntsht iT^H^' "*• "'k""* »' *•" Thurriay 
ooming home abou't hSpaS.*nn o^^" ^"^ f '"""; "^ ' '» 
half-part nine I noticed a li<rht out at ^' u ' ""T '""°* »hout 
iMted for a few .econd.; aboS two a^^' ' 7", * «^ "^ht. and it 
out at Ma at the light. Next nwrai^J' .^"°™* '*"■ * '•■"• l-ohing 
"-no p!«« where I wa. ttt?nThTZ w?"* f r.*° ""* '*"'"J *° "» 
went there for «aweed. On ^f„* "L J " i"? T" "^ "«"'*■ ' 
bMk., above high water It |!1 f, vL , * •""" "P °" *he .and- 

light. I have Lu th^t bolt "n^.1V"r P^^^.-hore I had «en the 
not in thi. Court. Iharon^LTJ^' I ^"'' '**'' " '" ^o"* here, but 
of it. I hayrnever.e^TeT.f -.'*;?' '*^"' •"■* ' *■"* "»» » Pio*"™ 
the police barrS atTrdto X'rT'/ J*"'?; J "'"^"her g^ng^ 
the rod light I WW out aT.!^' i *? l I "" "■* •"**• ''^"h regard to 
I* «a at the ti™ I «wt. ' ""^ " """''* "* "«»" »■«" » "^ oul 

Mr. SuLUTAK— I have no quertion. 

ITie Court adjourned. 



(ANSI and ao nst OMTT (to. 1) 



I 



1.0 



I.I 



Ull 



US 



IZ3 



12.2 



12.0 



LL8 



^|u ij^ 



A 



/PP\ Fn IVVCBE Inc 



lau EoM uom stTMt 



(7)S} 3W - 9Mt - rn 



Sir Roger Casement. 



Second Day— Tuesday, 27th June, 1916. 

Evidence for the Prosecution— continued. 
JoHH M'CiMHT, examined by the Attobsbt-Gbnibai— I am a farmer 
^1 iTrif^TS.'J ' , ,'« "™«? "»• ' ""«»'»' Good Friday morning. 

« weU which I. over a mile from my hoMe. I did 5ot .ee anybodfOT 
^ng on my way nor did I hear anything. I came the^V way 
back about four o'clock. The tide wa. coming in then iTotioS 

far^rl™ V I 'T"' •*.'" """■-S •^'"-^ *<» tfde and about 20 oris 
yarde from high-water mark on the ehore. (Shown exhibit No 7 ) That i> 
a photog^ph of the boat. There were four oar. floating in «.e wato? 
mil r >™ "?• J "^^ '«*.^° ""y*"^ "'* the b^t; I could iJi 
mZlf .^, f**^" *"'• ^^^^' Z'"'' i '■"^ "» l**™ i' *««• I •*«7«1 there 
«at »y l^tf b-y to get a neighbour, Pat DrieooU, to help me with fte 
„ ?; ,.^ ♦ * ' "i^ll*^ *^*^* ^P " «""" •>'*. »•«* "e «™M not do much 

7?™^'.! 7^ ^•.fuUo' water, and we had to wait tiU the tide went down. 
I found a da^r m the boat. (Shown exhibit No. 8.) That i, the dag^ 

^ L. £ r° *^'''i* ^"v *•) ">" " *''« ti° box I found. It wa. up 
Z^^\T^'^^'"^T'^- It ™ bwely covered over. The^ 
TO. a httte hole made m the earth and a Uttle wadi of earth over it. 

.t™^ «S *"? Y^ '*!° """J*^ ?™y- '^ box wa. hitched up with 
I JM „^ ;■ 'J!? '"'■ °f*° '^- . ' '"'*''*^ *«« footprint, on the Mnd. 
1 did not notice anything more. I did not see anybody at the time 

of thm mm *" ■*™'"'~'""' *"« footprints that I mw were the printo 

ExammMm eoHtmued—Tb^ print, were going in the direction of 
my hou« from the boat. I did not n<*ice whether ^ not there were a^y 
fTnlrtAf ^ '° v.'^- ^- ' "xJ-i -« the footmark, 
ttem I traced them fw about 20 or 30 yarda in the directiwi of 
«L3^fi„., ,1, * ""^ •« whether they ended at my h»u» or not; I 
nriljT .«? ?T "iT ,"^,'"»»» ?t a"- 'When I wa/coming bwk with 
Dnwrfl after he had helped me with the boat, I met my Ut^ girl, who 
^.'.^"i!'? '^."^T "8?- She wa. playing with thew revolre™ that 
T t^r ♦T '°/'?v'"v *'°- ^?- ^^ o* *''«'^ "ere out of the ca«., and 
1 took them to the houae with me. Along with the revolvere there waa 
a wrt of bag which i. exhiWt No. 11. I found it where I got the 
revolve™, r took them to the houw with me, and I rent Pat DrwooU to 



ler 

At 
»B. 
»g- 
rd« 
or 
ay 
led 
30 
; is 
a, 
lot 
sre 
nd 
ibe 
ch 
he 
■n. 
[er 
he 
up 
ire 
it. 
th 
d. 

It* 

of 
»y 
ka 




The Boat ftound by M'Outby, of Oumvbane. 



Evidence for Prosecution. 

Jotai M'Cutkr 
.^♦'"JT*' '^^'T*- ""» P""" «»°» t*"". ""1 I gave tbeM thinn 

l2r*wLT*r ^ *°» '™' ^^8 b«k f«»n the Ao«, -^hen I h«J 
HL tw \ <>'''''»'«» M7<J>i>g el«, but the poUce got two ban. 

The« are the beg. thqr found. The boat, the oars, the bag., the tii 
boi, the daggw. and the p rtoUi were carried to the barraolwri had to 
S.JS^ "'• «J°'' "^rt J"th a I'on*- I think the poUce alai got .ome 
toi^'d ^ ♦J®''""" *^''** ''°- "•> I '" the« when th!.e we« 
f\w *'^y. '*" *•' **™«d to the banaek.. The .ea waa very 
rough that morning. I did not notice any footprint, in my own yard 

r.' I *f?**J"«™«d. by Mj- SuiiiTAM— Do you usuaUy get up at two 
o'clook in the momingi— No. *^ 

Or had you been to bed at all t— Tea. 

T^en you got up thia morning at two o'clook in the momingi— Yea. 

What got you up ao earlyj— I went to a well. 

Iniratyt — ^No. 

What brought you to the wdlJ— Saying a few prayeni. 
weU A'™>»ann--GB!raBAi^It waa Good Friday morning, it being a holy 

V 1 ^y,lf>"-S'niiTAi'— Being Good Friday morning, did you aav it waa a 
hdy weU»-I heard the old people keep wying it waa. ^ 

Were you ever saying your prayera at the well before!— No 

A JT \"^S "ay from your house J — Over a ioile. 
leaving "**"' ' '"""'^ '**'''' °*^*' ^^' " nott-It waa when I waa 

Tou left in the dark, having got up at two o'clock in the morning to 
•ay prayera at a well you had never been to befopel— Tea. 

V J ^t.'nade you do it on this particular morning? All your life vou 
had been bvmg at Curraghane, had you not J— Yes. ^ 

)^ ♦iJ'ii* "^^ ^f' ""* '* y°""" eoMO'ei"*. to ge. up at two o'clook 
m the mormngl— It waa to say a few prayera. 

Whereabouta is the weUI Would you describe where in the country 
It is-^n what direction t— It waa to the north of my house where I Uve 
of it * " *''* °*™* "^ *"" weUJ— It is an Irish weU ; I could not think 

If it is an Irish name you ought to think of it all the sooner, thcugh 
we are in a strange country »— I have not the Irish. 

^u have not the Irish of it, but whereabouts is itJ Would vou 
descnbe it to mej What la the name of the place it is att-BaUyprior 
^^ You did not meet anybody at this weU at two o'clock in the moraing I— 

nr.vi!^'^{fc*'f 1™ ??* ?" ^ ^"^"^ """"'"g "t two O'clock saying 
prayers at the holy weU ; is not that so»— That is so. 

Nobody else was there? — I saw nobody. 

It was dark and it would be very hard ti) see anybody, would it noti— 
It waa clearing for day at that time. 
^ Tou prayed at the weU; waa it at the well you said your prayers?— 

For how long (—About half an hour. 



J^n ■*Cftpthy 
What time 



Sir Roger Caserne: 



nt. 



I°" '■'> Pf "»>• a watch J_No. 

seven and eight o'olook.^ .ht,r?hfnk ^ '">°'«'-It 'ould be between 
.ou gMl^Ier flC ^^?:X if^Z', "•" ^'^ - '* When 

wo|».xn-c-^"'^^5Te^-^^^^ 

They were a deal together when X h^"^'" ^«* P""^ <" «"» country f- 

A number of ^m aLTmMJr^ *"? *"*"* *^e l""*. 
number of them alZb^J^fcttS f,^ heard about the boat; what 
to twmty of them there *^°"" ^^""^ '» ™uld be about fifteen 

, S7orc^u^;tre''to'"°^?'«'»p'-'-Y- 

of about fifteen or twWty nZ&td ^'1 *^""? '«"> ^"o 'ootprint. 

^^S;^ssHs:^--p..by 

before anybody came. ' "' """* "oJ-Thew footprinto wire tteS^ 

Good Pnday last. 21gt April. I wL^h„„ft vT™**"" *» moraine of 
laaw three etrange men'^paaaing a" Ate ^' ""'?''« "' ^'^O- «"» 
ITiey were coming from iheeea £,A Z,;^^' V^ 8**0 is in the yard 
two yard* from ttem. TheXht J^ /^r""^' ^"^'ert. I waa S 
were like then. One -os.uutjl^'^^' ""f ' «""" «» - "t^ 
wae a small man IT,. » ii ' *"oUier nearly as tall nnrl ♦».• *ir-3 

.houlde™ and"a",alki?g'^^J^ Z" oT"^ '^r'^^^^P^'^Z^U. 
otothes too and carried Ivfr^te "n^l;. ^^e otherTwo w^dik 
the fa« of the tall man. l7.w rJ^li ^, *'"''°» ^•"c'Jy- 1 «aw 
;^dthe tall man that I had ,Ln t*^^ ^'^l '"*«'• » the^«une d^ 
«oogni.ed him. He i, in a«s ^L j, ^* '^"'"^ »" with him. I 
pnaoner. The yard in wLh I w« X T"' "*"!,'! ' ""^ ?<>»» »"» the 
». « from the aea. Our hou,! i, ^^iL'VL«"'v'""' '" «•>»«' two 
Kathooeen. "we la a mile from the old cartle called 



Evidence for Prosecution. 

■ur Samwo 
CrotMnamined by Mr. Soiutait— At what time wm it you ww the 
three men puung the gate I — 4.30. 
Half-paat fourf— Te». 

hourlTf '™" ""St **"* '""^ *^"'' *' """^ *''°* "' *""* "orningj— My u»ual 

Thokm John Hiahh, examined by the Souoitoii-Gbs«ii»i^I am a 
•ergeant in the Royal Irish CoMtabulary, atationed at Ardfert. I 
remember the morning of 21.t April last. I got a report that day from 
it" cJn i?'- / """ """^ Di-iscoU brought the report to me from 
John MCarthy. I went with another constable to CurragLne, and I went 
down to the atrond. I saw John M'Carthy and a number of men there 
I aito «aw a boat on the strand, and I examined it. I got the assistance 
of the men, and we pulled it on to the sandbanks. (Shown exhibit No. 7.) 
That 1. a photograph of the boat. After we had pulled the boat up to the 
sandbanks I went with M'Carthy to his house, and he handed me a dagger 
and three pistoU. (Shown exhibits Noe. 8 and 10.) These are the dai^ 
and pistols. The boat was a flat-bottomed, four-oared boat, having hSSd. 
at the steni and stern about 11 inches high. It was a flat-bottomed boat 
with a tank on ead. eidt^air tanks about U feet long. The sidee were 
made of timber. There is a part at the bow, and that was made of canvaa. 
That IS what I mean by the word " hood." There waa a smaU hood at the 
stern also of canvas When M'Carthy handed me the pistoU and tte 
dagger, he also handed me a small black satchel, which is exhibit No li- 
the one nearest to me on the table. 

*i ij™* down with M'Carthy to make a further search for pistols where 
the others were found. I examined the satchel, and I found in it a flaab 
lamp, portion of a map, and twenty rounds of pistol ammunition. I identify 
the flash lamp, the map, and the twenty rounds of ammunition. The man 
seems to be one of a portion of the coast round Bray. The kind of country 
that we were searching was a flat, deserted country covered with sand piles 

ZT'"^^^^'- ,-,T^" V"*" '^^' ""d ' 'o^d » brown lSth« hSnd! 
bag and three hfe-behs buried in the sand. (Shown exhibits Noe 13 and 
14.) ITiese are the brown handbag and the life-belts. The constable who 

l^TKT.l'"^^ ' ' -'8* ^}r^ ^' ""<* I ""^ identify as exhibit No. 12? 
A brought the bags into M'Carthy's house and searched them. In the 
^dThlt^ tT, ^^ ' ^'"""* * flad. lamp and twenty rounds of ammunition, 
m»n.^?, ™ ^*""* ""P'- '"i* ' ""^ "»* «We to say exactly which 
Tr ^ *"• ^^ "^ »?™ "' ^'^^ "*P» "'»'«•' «" » my hand jurt 
I^TJ^ trv"",""!^ '1*''* ''"S "'"'■ I «"* M'Carthy to the strand, 
and he brought back a tm box with him (exhibit No. 9). I examined fte 
contents of the t» box, and I found 900 rj,unda of pistol ammtSn in it 
1 exammed the three pistols, and they were loaded. I got M'CarthVs ho™ 
and ^, and put aU these things on the cart, and then I went to the 

" statior "'* "" ^ """^ *'"'"'' ""^ '* ™ *'''«° «« ^ the 

On the way to the poUoe station I met Constable MackUn, and I had 

S.rr!"?J^'T ""'^ '''"'• ,/ '*/* •■■" "^^ t"-* ^"^ «"> <»rt, ii^I cycled 
back to the barrack, myseU I took Constable Riley along with me Ritey 
and 1 took our oarb.no. with us, loaded them, and went and ««^ed tte 

47 



I' ft 



Anuu J. aMra 



Sir Roger Casement. 



iiiit 



ooimtry. W« found a mu «t • plaoe called M'Ktnna'* Firt. It ii t dnular 
Inih ruio, with a trenoh all round it Tarying from 9 to U foot dam. It 
l» aU ooTored with bnuhwood. In tho fort I aaw the priioDer who i« now in 
Oedook. I found him at 1.20 in the afternoon. I epoke to him and oiked 
him what he wai dung there. He replied, " By what authoritr do you 
aak me the (jueetion, and am I bound to aniwer yout " I then aaid that 
I would a*k hmi any queetioD I wiahed, and he wa» bound to anawar me, 
and, if he did not, I would arreet bim under the Defence of the Reahn Regu- 
n*'?";. ' "^'^ himhii name, and he replied " Richard Morton, Denham, 
Bucke. ' I aiked him what wa* hia ocuupation, and he aaid he waa an 
author. I aiked him to give me the name of lome book he had written, and 
he taid ho had written a book on the life of St. Brendon. I aaked him what 
port he amved at in Ireland, and he eaid Dublin. He alio aaid that be came 
to County Kerry and went to Mount Brandon, and had come from Mount 
Brandon to the fort where I had found him. He taid he arrived tiiero at 
8 oclock m the morning— Good Friday morning, 2I«t April. I aaked him 
if he had an^ pamport or paperi about him, and he eaid he had none. I 

> IValee. 
i that 

. ^ — — , .i there 

waa aea sand on his boota. I took him away then to bring him to the police 
rtation on to the public road, and aa I came to the public road I met a little 
boy named Martin Collina. He had a pony and trap. I got him into the 
trap with Conitable Riley, and I aent Riley with him to the houae of Mary 
Gorman, and I foUowod on foot. I was not with them when they aaw 
Mary Gorman. I remained on the road till Riley returned with the priaoner, 
and when he came back I took him to the police atation. From the police 
atation he waa taken to Tralee. After bringing him to the police station 
I searched him and charged him with being ooncemed with the landing of 
arms on the ooaat of Ireland. I cautioned him, and he replied " Can I 
"see a lawyerl" 

On aearching him" I found five aovereigna and eleven ahillinga. 
Constable Riley helped me to searoh him. I did not see Riley taking any- 
tiiing from hia pocketa; I was not preaent on the oooaaion. In the black 
bag I found a largo flag, a green and yellow flag, with a repreaentation of 
a caatle m the centre and some foreign language underneath. I now 
identify the flag that I found in the black bag. In the black bag I also 
found a pair of field glasses, a flash Ump, 40 rounda of ammunition, and 
arane weanng apparel. I found a number of maps alao in the black bag. 
Theae were the remainder of the maps I had in my hands just now. I 
,»?'' LP'^°^ °' P^P*"" "**»<'''«<* *« «»> of the mapa. (Shown exhibit No. 
17.) That « the piece of paper that waa found attached to the mapa 
The paper found in the black bag aeema to be a kind of diary, and it 
begins, February 16, left Cork, arrived Dublin 12 pm 
February 19, Mary Mao. F. left DubUn, February 23 ahe wont 
to Cork, February 23, Murray to Caatle, referred H.J.S. 26th, ill in 
'bed; 26th, left Dublin; 27th, ill there," and a number of further entriea 
ending up with entries on April 7th, " agreed at last, 7 p.m. ; Sth again " 
Then It looks hke Heveeham, I think, and then " 11th April, left Dublin 
" for Wioklow; 12th April, left Wicklow in Willie'a yaoht." I found that 




Part of the Diary, with dlsffulaed 



namM andkplaoM. 



!( j; 



Evidence for Prosecution. 



A««"*»-SJS%7 • 5'^«-H»» taw wii^ rt.tion.d .t 
.P<*^'3 2ri^, *?«"•*» "-» ^-^ 'o-""* Sir Bog^ Cement, it i. 

^ Co^ not you «, him^-No, I could not ^ ti„, „^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ 

0»«d. th. ring of th. forn-TX."* *^ '"*• 
^l^rT*^' "^ "-•"<» <*«8- him. 7.U «y. Witt U^ 

^^ D. ^« «momW, in 19U. b.fo« th. ,„. tl» a™ Pr^wtion t- 
it for^a wlu^T-.*"' ""^""W. "™ J»u conc«n«, in .cting «nd.r 

to th.t, ..T«,7 large importTtioT^^ ^ ^ ZH,*^; Tf ««"• P^" 
Wa« it in eonieaiwnoe „» -i,., C^ /^ °*'^ "' freland^-Ye. 

»»d thv. .t aU oventa, purport to 27™^^^^*^ *^- 
i- ;«a.«t the armed pe^^n t£ ^"Sfc'^^i' 



Witiwx^r ' /!r^* ^' openly*— ThcT nan. 
^Without mterferenoe by the piblio auUKwiSit-Te,. 



Sir Roger Casement. 

^^And^th. «ni„j of tb. p.p»l.tf«, ,„t on ft« m„,«ri,w ,„ , 
P^pu'dKC^Tr '"'''*^"^ "** '^ "' .«th.ril,.-T«. 

ainnuhing through th* countiTt— T«». 

Without unj action Uken on behalf of the soUm ti,!. .—j .. 
'^,-?^r^ W«» th. war, did it notiJ^^TCudid ""' '^ 

It had commenced earlier in the northt— Tee. »«I— lee. 

^pof-irt 'wa^nfinln-SS S SSTjlLSli.'tSi"' *» *^ 

What papen did you take in the barraoki at Ar^^ti^TL r, r 
Mmminer and the ImUpendent o*™**" « Ardfertt— llie Cor* 

.urte/|e'^'^ZS^^'LTj^:jr^ though 

^^^lle U»n (W Jc„,a._A„ you .pSg of iefo« o, after the 
Mr. SuLurm—Before the war 

in fay^'i?*tSf]Sf''JS^~*'" ' '^'^^ in the Houee of Common. 
«« nt2.™l„'KutT;rth:^e*ir*to'S' '''^ by J^iJ^Ulli 



C3 



But in the louth generally t— Tee. 



Evidence fbr Proiecution. 



2;« wu not ««^ nUUUry U. th. tS:^^/?.^!^*^;!^^^"^^^ 
«« t'l.^'hSTf.t^irYt* "•-«—— Ooubt 0. thl, .iUi«,. 

went on h befonf— Tm. """•""mu wu wiuxlnwn and the uining 

Fvi^"*""."*^ rifht'up to l..t month l-To.. 
_^ fccpt «,£„.. UipTod by th, Drf«^ o« tb. Rodm K.g„lMioo.t 

th. Dfp'r«„"ti«ji^;.Sn:;' - . ch«^ »«,. una. 

^ OOTtmuwJ H beforet-TW did "»<«*»•»— Yoi. 

batu"":?;;* r^'srs*; "' •^'^ ">» *'™^» ""> -"-» 

m. J'Su^I JS^TtT'^** '^ *• "^ !»?"'•««» o* tbi. 
»or-^Y^,'%&^' "^""^ to profot tb«n from it. I. not tbM 
quit6'wuJr**^'"™*-'r»P«^«'™Nrainrtwb.t» I do not 
eonni^,^^ef'^^'*"» "^ f^^ '«> *««•?»(? .U ovr a» 



•tatuteit — ^Tm. 



op«^?:!V:^ ^ «" ''"'^"'«« ~ F««d ^.j^ding 



iti (XHning into 



»^*bSfi:„Lwt^tr- '«'»«'•* P-«y'««'tu«.th.f«<ing 



' ill 



of unreat : 



Sir Roger Casement. 



i. eo^'edTeX ""*-'"'" *""' "'' "^ -C^i^i^^ Mr. Solicitor 

■Sainrt coDKription. «of-ParUy agauut Uhtar and partly 

foundlL^L/""'" HoB«Do_Tou know the place whe,« the boat w.. 
^^ You know the pl«,e where you «»y you found Sir Roger Ca«,ment.- 

AllmJ;'?ho«ro:'tre '^a.^trr "ir ^™'» -» » •-'»'. John 
him in the fortf!^^ „o ' ^^ *^' ""** ^ *» ''here you found 

1 'o™rhii"inl;;„^»j;j5'^';"» -here I f??" ^ •»«»*<> -he« 
How far out of tibe ™te -„ .^ v ™ ^"K"'* "^ •«">" oounttr. 

o^n „y. .^ «.itLXutr^:t'rrdr^\r°«^ -^\f«S 

The houw where ahe Uvedt— Tea. 

goy.? wrcb^iX^4ftiSj'-t^sr' T " <^"^'"*' » «"« 

Beam on the u^minir of kaTAnrir i *""«['• ' »«« with Sergeant 
Bathoneen in the ^tion of ?S^.ir^^' ^""i^i^ "" '<>™d. 
•hreotion, and we came to a nlaXTlt?!^ iV^ "earched about in that 
»B «aw a man. I mw idL»TtiZ^'^ " ""?* "'Ke-ma'. Fort, where 
«w him hi. head «d .htS^ wt^T^** P'^"*'- When I firrt 
the fort. He had not .Ben n^ T 'PP**""? over K>me ahrubbery in 
1 had my rifle ^th to nintlTi.'^S^- " ' ""*«"»* ^'^■ 
turned Inwards me I p„i ud mT^wi^ direction, «,d immediately he 
rtand where he waa, S^te oC ^^ tw ™"1^ •"'■"• ' *»W him to 
he moved a foot I A^uld A^ L ' H» ''y*^*' """ 'o"*^' »"<» » 
treat an EngUd, traveUer loauSin.^^- •"** ^'^ ™ » "'» ™y to 
"a™ed; , will not <Io you ^Th^™ "'"'?' "fj"; 'l^' "' "» »-" 
Md he came up after a few minite. -keJ ^^ '" ^'"* ^""' 
the aergeant and the priaoneT 7n^' « xv " ? oonveraation between 
»to curtody. I toSf hKTk to AIW^'^k"* ""^ P."'""*^ ''" *»fe» 

wa. employed a, a wrrMt. Se^itZZ V''?r'' "''*'* ""^ G«™»° 
„ ani. mo „ttle boy Collin, ^„ j^;^^ ^ ^^j^.^^^ 



Evidence for Prosecutii 



on. 

I «w MtiTft.^ lid ie*';lJ'"r"n'H""' '"^d a lift in hi, cart. 
from Mary Gar™," w m™ J "?'• ^* "«'" "»<* «g"» 
CoUin, agin. Ser«Mt H«rn . j .v * .8°* "»™ ™y ' •»» M"tin 

road a^lTwenSrfolS'S^terXr'r °" *^* "^^ 
to be thsre. ""* '" *™ other two men beUeved 

ho gave me'^two piece, rf paper ? ™t^ "" v*. '^'^ t° '^*"' »>«» 
them (Shown exhibit NoTs) tC "^T.^ »° them to identify 
which Martin Collin, eave me Th,™ .tL . v *"* P'«" <>' P»Pe«- 
typewritten, and agS ea"h «^ ^T *° ^. *yP«'^tt«' O' P^y 
put. On the bJkStCtZ^, f. *yPe™t^g there i, a nLber 
E.gU.h language. Tie nuS£" t^" " ,""^ '"'•^8 » Pe-^a m the 

00631, ooeszT^nd ,0 °n^"„f!w ^l"'^"'^'^-^'''*"' ooezi, 

reminder of 4efigur«^,Zlv*^.^8^v'''8.'i* ^' «nd thi 
« one number St^X^^nt^n^^^'T; t!"?'' ™'- ''"'*»■ ^«~ 

T!«.ft;.ti,:"CteaT7omm^tterw!^" ke^T ""^ "?**"««■• 
" further in.truction, " • " Aw^rf^™!!i,i *" '""^^ «° •>" = *"«!* 

" rtarted for "j " Agent wilT 1/t r^?"*..''?'"'*"^'*^ " J " Agent ha. 
" Send agent U o3"- " k-!!^ '"' ■*8«>t ia underway, for "; 

" P™po«f ^pteS .^; "'Pro^ Sd "* ."i " C»" '««'* back " 
" udered ": " ProDoaLl noTiS^fS «t<«ed "; '• Propoml murt be lecon- 

" Hbto moved on for " • < • hTL j -T^f i ' '* " »'"PO«s>ble to rtay at" j 
" attention ».■? In the i?^?h"'^ ?° «tay," and then " Direct yo^ 
" j " into ■■ T " bv h.^n!.^5« ",''*'" to be in ink ,0 a, to ^ake 

" further h„ been heid from "•^'C?*' " ''.°?™ 'J "Nothing 
• received "; •■ LetteTntrt^iv^d -^ ■' l^JT '^wT **,"' " ^*«« 
"are not iure"; "X^t .„j ^letter wUl follow"; "Letter. 
" cation again po«iWe ••■•■ S^J^^ ■ "'^^ '?"f " " ' " Communi- 
" munica^n. hW teen 'aton^^' - P *"?P""°«'«1 " J " Railway oom- 
" Our men are at " • " F,!i?h ' .^."q""™" murt be made abiit " : 

" are ^eT-P' How rJ^" »?munit»n i, needed "; " Further riflei 
"ammunition w'iU ™u «n"™I»" " m,? ^Z T^ ?'" " °<" °»«* 
;; Await detail, aboTiTding on " -• ^'^If/'" *'~"* '""/"S "» " ' 
" Wo have heard from ^■•^^^nJ i .P^P"**-"?' "» made aboirt " ; 
" My cable adr«, i. " • '" ^'>™/*-*"l«' mformation i, not to be got " 
"'^^^Xtri^,„',t^7.^^:^ letter, i,"; " Send communi-' 
"ha, not been unde"t^". .?w t T "^'^ ^", ' " '^^ ^^ 
"and ammSioT to'?^.'r«„„„ ^t*'^ '""'P *° '" "Send rifle, 
"needed"; "Cd tteii to'^ ^SSL""*^ V^^t,^ ol ammunition are 
" if powibU " I have^^th'o fi^°^P!?^ ezploeive, " " Send ven»l 
little'm«k acroM ea^h dZ .Sok!!^*"!,. " , .?°i?^ P-P*"-' «"1 1 «« a 

" F-s*^ Wh\«^ 'T "^^^' - iH^h w?/:f".^irg ':?ap^^ 

4ii* wa;'orwr:?4t,'^^*>!«,??«7;T^ ia tbe in^ L'^t^ 
•^ penca writing re^.. .. ,1^, 1„J^ IruT^drtJ^ ^^T^i 

S3 






Unnttttfw 



Sir Roger Casement. 



•< «^" . *?o "?'?^. ^"^^ ' and «rt in our cipher. Thi. hoU* 

"^Jr^«^^^Ii\*^ "'^ "»y- " •>? «>«• "">«"". *» 'ri«d'. 

" n ^ •* '^S"?' ''■■ 8»«J; »**«■• that wJy by cable to Mr. Hehlin. 

D»TM Village, Smtwrland." Signed " Jamea Kingdey." I ,ei 

XL^^S'J'.''"''**^! T"^ "■'™" King.Iey." but 1 do not know 

rtMehaodwntmg the«> letter, are in. Tliey are not mine. The laat 

one hK*. like "e " or •• c," uid the first 1^ like " n." TherTu 

no place named Chfton in that part of Ireland that I know of. 

t«jc ir- P^T '"taken to the prfioe etation and wa« searched. I 

toot part in that. In his wautcoat pocket there waa eihibit No. 16. That 

WMin ae mnde pocket of the vest he waa wearing. I looked at it, and 

Irmarked to hun ' ■Hua i. not Iririi," meaning what waa written on it in 

p^. He said, I do not know, I have never seen it before." What 

appefOT to be written on it is " MoUer, Henaingfots, Kroner 84." 

/„ivi!? w ' \^^ ^^^ *° M'Kenna'a Fort, and I found three topcoat* 

1^^!? ♦^"- V*' ^^ ""* 2')- ' •'"ember eeeing No. 19 lookedTand 

warched thrmigh. There was nothing found on it in my presence. I first 

5»7i. » ■! T °- ^^ "* *''* ^*"<^ inspector at Tralee, Mr. Britten. On 

XTth April I went back again to the fort, and <hi that occasion I found a 

pjeoe of paper in lie fort. (Shown eihibit No. 16.) That is the piece 

oi paper I found. It haa some pencU writing on it, but I cannot read it; 

Zjn^ r'.v '" * ^""^^ language. When I arrested Casement I 

noticed that t^ere waa some sand on the green woollen muffler he waa 

wwnng, and that the ends of the muffler were slightly damp and wet. His 

boots also had sand m them, and aU the coats were quite wet-«dden. 

niff^T^'tw""*^ ^}^- .SY^tan-Tou say there is no such place as 

Clifton in that immediate neighbourhood t— Not to my knowledge 

How long are you stationed in AidfertJ— About six yeara 

Are you a native of the district t— No. 

What part of the country do you come from I— I come from Ulstw. 

This ptaoe that you searched, how long after the arrest waa it that 
you Mailed it for the overcoats J— I should say about an hour afterwards. 
say, between one and two hour*. 

Between one and two hours afterwards you found the overcoats there 
Had you made any search wiginallyf— Through the fortt 

Test— Yes, I had, for men. 

Tou apparently had not noticed the overcoats I— They passed mv 
n^ce. TW were covered by the shrubbery. They were folded up and 
niaden in the shrubbery. r "»* 

And they escaped your notice in that way J ^Yes. 

Wia regard to this paper (eihibit No. 16), you have that paper brfore 
you, and you cannot find any English word or wwds that you canW)Bnise 
on It, can you »— Except my own initials. 

fn, i^JJ* I«BD Chb, JosTOB-There are your initials; it was mei^y 
for identification that you put them on t— Yes, my lord. 

A^.^f^ Ooujifs, examined by the SouorroB-GEimiAt-I live at 
ATdfart. My father la a farmer. I am twelve and a half years old I 
temetnber last Good Friday morning. I was going back to my unde'i 




rti 



\i 



Port of the Sacret codB picked up by tbe boy. Martin CoUlns. 



Evidence for Prosecution. 



gjoe in a ponj and trap. I oame near a pl>«a «aUed U'Kamia'i Fort, 
wmob Itaww. I lav aome peopla thaie-Conrtable Biley, Sergeant Heatn. 
and a rtrange man. I have wen the itrange man linoe. hSMiig rwad 
ttoe Court I aee him there; he i< the priaoner. I atopped. lie poUoe 
•ere oonung out from the fort at the time with the atrange man. Aa 
tno atoaoge man wa. crowing the fence he dropped aome papera from behind 
iM bMk. Conatable RUey aiked me to give him a dnvSbaok aa far aa 
John Altoan i, my uncle'., and I did that. ConatoUe Ktey and the itisnn 
?"**?^ '»^ °^ ?^' ■"* I "^""^ *•«" back to John iUlman'.. I uSd 
i/OMtable ffiley aa^ tw Mary Gorman, and then he aiked her if the atrange 
man WM the man she had aeen in the morning, and Mary Gorman aiud 
yea. I itayed at Allman'a for half an hour. I waa going to Tralee, 
ana l atopped at the fwt again, and Tom Doone went in and picked up the 
WOT and gave them to me, and I gave them to Conatable Riley. Tom 
uoone II a boy who M younger than I am. He found the papen at the 
plaoe where I saw the atrange man brought out. (Shown exhibit No. 18.) 
ihat u the piece of paper 1 saw the pneoner drop. It waa torn Uke that 
when Igot it. I looked at it, and the'. I gave it to Conatable Riley 

&oia«iamined by Mr. Stouvah— Did you aee tbi« boy, Tom Doone, 
•otually pick up the paper J— Yea. ' 

Wa* the paper lying there on the ground in your view ;— Tea 

Aa you drove along the road (—Tea. 

Tou could aee the paper from the trap a* you drove along the road, 
could youJ— I aaw the strange man drop the paper. 

Did you aee the paper on the ground after he had dropped it t— Tea 

It waa visible from the road, was it t— Tea. 

Had you your dinner at Allman'a I — I had. 

How long did you nmain there!— Half an hour. 

Tou drove up and saw Mary Gorman f— Tea. 

And heard thia conversation t — ^Tea. 

And had your dinner f — ^Tes. 

And got back in half an heart — ^Tes. 

^DiMOK Akbbobb Bhittin, examined by Mr. TBixma HnHPHRm— I 
am district inspector m the Royal Irish Constabulary. On 21st April I 
i«w three overcoats in the custody of the police. One of these is eriiibit 
«o. 19, and I took a piece of papa- from the pocket ol that coat. Exhibit 
Mo. 31 la a» dooument that I took from the pocket. It is a firat^olaas 
■to^ng railway ticket from BerUn to TTilhelmahaven, dated 12th April 
1918. I know a Uttle German. I see a number of figures down the left! 
hand aide rf exhibit No. 18. I notice the way in which the figure 7 is 
made. I should say that it U very Uke a German 7. ExhiMt No. 16 u 
wnttm m German and in German characten. 

aosB-examined by Mr. Sullitih— What is your headquartemt— 

How long an you stationed in TraleeJ— Five yeara. 

I suppose you read the papers)— Sometimes. 

What paper do you read »— Anything I can get bold of— the /Wti 

Ttmf, me Independent 

The /lis* Tima is the one that you take for preference, I think »—Tes. 

H 



i| 



Sir Roger Casement. 

rnftuk A. MitM 

I «„' ^*''* ** ^°* whether you «»d the Iruh Timet of 14th JuIt 1913 
iTwTZ'"" ' "W to look .t (»ew.p.per h«.ded to Iritil) S J^ 

of il^^.7^ *"?™ *° P'8' ^' °'^ y»" ««'> the account of thow iseechn 

ha. .^dt tr„^?^.'aT"^'^ '"""''' " '* -• ~ '^^ ^ -t"- 

wordf ^a^d 'irZ^r^^ T" '"^ "* *^ ?»««• comnienoing with thoee 

it befiw OT nrt '*""*'^' ""''^ "ot P<«"hly make lure whether I i«.d 
.hich^A"a« rS^ i^oJ^Y^ '* " ''"^'^ " ^^o *»- «' 

-■^^|^4ther,i;»?^ 

^t u agaiMt the Home Rule Billf-Te« 

««. h^,w ^ '*"'' ?'>''*'' "P '" *•'»* eol""". three Un« before the 
crow-heading, and <ee if you do not remember ™iui;i,» «,.» ^ 

'^"tou'r'^Tfi^^"'^'-?? do no* qiit^w'^^e^mti* '^''"• 

l^^^ tl ^™fi"J«°<» in " «« a «ub-i.«iadingt— Ye.. 
vou «™.™Sf™ ^' ^" ■" » P""g« comn^oing "We can reir " Do 
J^ renumber reading .omething to ^at eifectt-I imembeTrel^ng tlSj 

it. It bih?™ r^'Zi^inrft;''' ^* ' "° ^ "'«" ""«<>»* «"»"' 

meeting ei^pHhe votTon.nwl,^^*'*'""'* *^^ *^»* «'"«1 «>« 
'^«TL^4?'«°^--^'^«^-^^^ meeting. i„ 

^orSE^;3|^.5"p^^---^ 

me greateat pleaaure in reok<minir himwlf " v™, ~>™«_v , 

to that effect, at aU eventeV-Ei^'^.Sf or coSlnTT^t S^^ 



Evidence for Prosecution. 

tntwMi 1. MttM 

^ »ere circulated bnadcMt through the country f-No doubt. 

(Irvdi Ttma of Uih July, 1913, nurlTed exhibit No. 37 ) Now I wiU 
turn to the ,w«, ol 18th September. 1913. I have marked t™ p.««L S 
"^WVaLJ^ ^- ■*?? *•"* P""8e between the praUel ink colSmn., 
J^^.r^w'!?" "."l*,*"--" Have you read that or .peeche. to that 
effect about that time oircuUting»-Tet. it is alwayi the eaST 
•' ™_J5*w ■ J • ^ ',' ' "O"* »' P»'*»' owuranoe, that they had many 
" K i/Sf"* m England who thought a. he did. It wa. &. very well 
" «nr_i?., E^* '"f? "'"'* ™™ manhalled behind the Government 
•■ Zl *^ rt * ^.^^ i"" *™°* "' «^*^» neccMity in UUter. The 
"?ffi, 1* !"f *'* *■"* '*"*" »' t^« Cro*" ''ere the Mrvants of the 
"™„t .V*?!^ ?* *"* TJt'"" "' "" "'"o" l*"*^*! that the employ- 
ment of thi8 force would boa monstroua crime "t— Yea 

« ih!^k i ? u H?" T™ P"' *° t""® **•*• *«y '»"1'J find thos^ in England 
"Inrt .1. 't*.^""^"*' to encourage the men of UUter in their attitude, 

"Xt ™o '»"'d be, prepared to prove by their deeds that when they aaid 

■• n«na^ LT "^5^ ^''^^.^f "* "'»<«' '" "g^t. and who would be 
prepared to ahare the risk"!— Ye«. 

^en there i» one other eloquent paaaage I want to deal with, 
m Lord Chuf Jusnoi^Have we not gone far enough into thi.l 
Mr. SIIIUV.UJ— Veiy weU, my lord, I at once accept the anggeation. 
befo.^r^?li.Y«. SouonoB-GBNBui^Were tho« ape^e. m«le 
There i« nothing about altering the aervice of Germany t— No 

MuvZ. . ''i!? *,*!?, i^™?* *° '''™^« Ireland l-No. (Iruh Time, of 
18th September, 1913, marked eihibit No. 38.) 

m the Roy^ In.h Conetabulaiy .tationed at Ardfert. On Good Friday. 
2Ut April, I went to the eand at CuiTaghane, and I found a black baff It 
waa buned in the sand There were Kime things in it when I found it. 
Theae were placed in MTarthy-a cart and taken to the barrack.. 
Mr. SiLuviif — I have no question. 

B«,»^T\^,^?l?"°^*^.''y Mr- Brahbos-I am a aergeant in the 
Boyal Irish Constabulary, and on 22nd AprU last I conveyed the prisoner. 
Sir Roger Casement, from Tralee to DubUn by train. As the teain wai 
approachmg KiUamey Station the priaoner asked whether he could have a 
newspaper and I said "yes." The train stopped at the station. The 
head constable of Killamey waa at the station, and he came to the carriaee 
door where we were He said something to me, and the prisoner heard 
what he said The head constable said, "Did you hear what happened to 

■"S»*Z !^ f^ l^^ \ ' "^'^ "N"" The bead constable replied. 

Ihey ran into the tide and were drowned." Puck is about 20 miles from 
miee. Its proper name is KiUorglin. On the train leaving the stotion 
S" fV^ commenced to sob and cry, and remained so for some time 
He then turned round to me and aaked me where was Puck: waa it near 
Castlemaine Bay, and I said it was. Then after a while he aaid^ " I^ 

very •orry for those two men; they were good tiahmen; it waa on my 



i 






Sir Roger Casement. 

pnsoner .t lilW Stition. When ti'Ll^ •«»• oonwution with tb. 
h»d.t<> «4«ng» Md g«t into mS toTiT^^-i'T"'^ «t lWfc>» station we 

"fd jaid he knew the BI«,iw«tar wdl ^.^il^i^?"' "'' ''• '*f^ 
Blackwater. On arrivin. It Kin J S . ,">• «own of UaUow ia built oiTSe 
Harbour HiU CJ^ ^e^lf^T ?"''8*k^*»'«>»' Dublin, on the «t to 
me, did I think he^SdlS,^bfe to «S i w'^'i^ ''l*'"' '"•>»»'^ 
dteaunationiuid I ..id I thought he ^uW ^J**?. I' 1^""^ «' «» 
that he had been up twelve ni^t. ^ ""^ •» '"'* ^^ tiwd. 

town r£S„t^,«'- 8.n^«-Tl.e plao. caU«, Puck U i„ ,.ot the 

But It had happened at a dirt«n™ „»T ™ '"'^ **'""'• ^ tMk. 
"'^V'^ Currag^oT-Te.' fCtVt' io'^T' '" '^'-' «* •« 

;. ha^rrdTernrl-tl^" - ^T "21^ "^ — 
wa. not known at the time who tw" were ' "ot-nrnt i. •>. but it 

^^.ls^ro«'.-^4a--^^^^^^ 
<^in/;i^ii't^ei^'^rs!^^-,*XT?Snr.™- «- - - 

"Tge^ri^r !J"STmt:^:J„S? ZJ^^^ H™pa»„_, ^ . 
Saturday, 23nd AprU, at the Hariri, ^n S""^. ' "" O" d"*/ on 
««.vedthepri.on4rd«eW*i„^™7Hm Barrack,, Dublin, when? 
reoeiTed at the aame t^TttnJTh.^^/^-^y 1""° Sergeant Butler. I 
the tin bo, (exhibit NrgfrndSo^'ttl'** *'"• "' "' "«"> ") «"d 
m a broTO paper parcel. ■!■ handA ° ^,*'™'™"*'' "'"<* were'then 

Ij^ant Bracken, and the p^X'^II^^-^PiSZeUnfC'TtUi 
Mr. SuLUTiUf— No quertion. 

.erge!^t7th^'S,l:^"?iJt' ^*^ Souctob-G™,.^! am a 
Dublin. On 22nd Ap^l l^t to tte' j^S^^lf Ship St«*t BarTck.? 
e«ort, and I received troraZZ^^^^„J^*^*^ ^^T^"" '*«' «» 
tte pn«,ner. Sir Roger Caaa^nt ^^^S^^^' ?'"S'® «' ^e barrack. 
Station, London, ar^ngX^ thi ,^™- ^".T ^"^r^^ *<> E^ 
handed him over to the liatodv o?f^^S^ "?•*' *^* 2'"* April. I th^ 
-ome property at thZ^"^^ i%^:^^^^.^oli^- I Wt o^^ 
aome money and a penknife. I handS rtt n^* 2^ ^- •""* ' brought 
Mr. SDLUTisJSro qlwtion '^"P*'*'' *» ^ I»"« tl^ 

M 



Evidence for Prosecution. 



hi.irriJriS*th.l^m fl T*° ^V*^" SUtkm .nd met the prUoner on 
"C.K~^rr„2*i, . Jrepl'ed. "Tee." He added, " I am Sir Romr 

Mr. SuLUTAK — No quettion. 

.topped her engine.. After .he stopp^ hS engfn^ I Lti^** clotS of 

.howed two German naval ensign, at the masthead. She lowe^ two boata 

o? fr„r^J T^ acroM the bow. again. The boat, then put up a C 
?? i fi""*,??, '°*° "" *» •»»*» P"t "P fieir hand.. Thev were tel«„ 
on board the " BluebeU." There were twenty-threealtoeeW T^!,n^!.f 
them were Germ«. bluejacket,, and three weTe ofe,™'°%rf ij^m ^e« 
German na™l officer.; I could not .ay for certain what offi«r the tWM 
one wa.. When the men were taken in board the « KueMT- tW Z^ 
plaoed under an armed guard. After that the "Aud-W nZ^ 
iMum^ from her aide and the sinking of the " Aud » all haDoened in .^ ♦ 



1l 



,! I 



Sir Roger Casement. 



Tou wm 158 mUa fi^ Qneimtown »-Tm 

„ Did you teU my k>rf iu.t n»- V . *""'*'« 0««n»— Ytt. 
I thought you laid (ot 

,. £?-—-- - «rr« ^..^ ,.. ,„ 

youte"*^ '" to th. ..rt, but obvioudy v.^ ,„ to th. north of 
«.tw^* '- *^ ^"'^ o* Qu..«t.w„»-<}uee»tow„ Uy. „«ghly 

^ISi"^T.Z,'t.t";ou tn'o:tt:^r5 '^ •' I«>.n<i^-T«. 
wthM. to th. D«uit Bock- TOU wl ♦ ''™ "^ *° QueeMtown, or 
you can turn intoQuee^TO^»ift7.J? »? " •"" *•"* "»'"* "^^ b^'^ 

th. be.ringTf dleST^J^i^^j T,^^"^' ^J"" •?«««* ^^ 
in th. .TMing. "" *"y»" » «»t you law thu venel I_About 6 o'clock 

ve.7ti'<^J^L"S^Sirj^ur^u^::tL'r.r'™ ^."S'' 'o™ » 

Can a leading .ignalma^ Zu7a"'m,^t^°" not»-No. 
telhng m. wen approximately Xt o^rl; .»? j ", ""^ "•»* »• 'n 
you took thi. .Wy theTiu^^ln cW~JLi' "'^' /T,?"""**^ ■*<"■ 
that wa. made approiimat.ly- «'"'8«'-' cannot t.11 you th. coun. 

.t.rri:tnie^^s^:i;'^,*^,j^jju^ 

'her. we flnt picked up tte ye,«l"*°^ """" '•»*<> «» «««»»"» of 

^ '.""r.ittoi?^u£s?;s*^tr4'^«r'"-»-No. 

do not. know any couraT^ ^ *''* ""* " *» north.«ut»-I 

-N.^^",^"' ^™ Wc_Tou have nothing to do with the cour«, 

B^'m^^o ""' *° 1?^ t""' couneJ-No. 
-KoK:- te:ri;r S •"' ■'"'"' *^'* '- -« 'O "^« fn,m .and , 

And 138 milea, roughly, from the Daunt Rock lightahipt-Te.. 

JoHK Ddipsit, examined by Mr IWraiw H™.™ . 

-e^PO^tion ome.ipZ*rki^^X"-i-X^^4\^^ 



Evidence for Prosecution. 

th. .» I found ^ Ip thl nS™",!™*^ ' <l^' *" "" •»»»»»' " 

•ide of tb* reHd .t that Urn. /^^.^ ^ ''"?■ ' •** ""'x »■>» 
.hip. I «o„M not fU w^ ti^^^t^fs'^'^ "'?•' "''.• °' '^ 
th»t ude, u ih* WH lyiac n^*t«Jr^»r.V ^ Norwegian flag p,inted on 
found ahola in heron tSrti^^„?.^" "^- ' •"'"i-'d the .hip, and 
U feet in diamater On^ to^'"!J*rK- ""V'"'''' *" I*'"™ 12 "d 
a lot of riflo. and "amuS^U^.^^^,?' ^' rt>f.''""' "l'^' ^uU, I «w 
me one of the complete rifle, /Sk'^* ^^*S"- ' ''"'"'Kht up with 
rifle I brought up i 8intWrwepe^?LT„^'"'"A *'"■ *»> Th" '• the 
o«.er., but the oU>er. wereddeTZt^f I^li?V' L"' " •"'""•■- of 
nfle butt.. Eihibit No. Mil rae o7tLm ^ r*.*"* "P «»• ''«>''«"> 
up a bayonet cue, exhibit No a? Tw' ' *^* '"''"'' "d ''"><«g''t 
«io brought up a iaiSdge d^v aid .. ^a '*">,P'™«y down there. * I 
the bed of the M.!^|»SyXu^ T^Tclf^n,, ' «"' '^ '^"'^ '«»" 
the bottom Ioo« on Wb.3 oMhe .eT mrnr,""? r*'*™*' «•»« 
wa. in the clip. There weSe tho^^ «» ^ ' '""""^ ""o cartridge it 
wojdd be abou? eleven o'olXn W^riat 'i^Z:^''"^" *''*"• ™" 
>n the day. but the «ather atarted togei veiCZ^h ' i ,'?■". *"™ '«*« 
my diving operation.. "^ ^ ™"»''> «nd I had to give up 

Mr. SuLUVAjf— No quertion. 

the Ru«,„ War Oflioe, and I am "^^i.„ r *"■ » "P""nt«tive of 
mittee at India Hoa«. 1 have exam^ Zn°fl. '"'lT*°x^ ^"PP'^ <^om. 
particular rifle i, a Ru«ian a^y™"^ rifle ;,' *'^'''!' ^"^ "6. That 
penal Ru»ian Tould in 1906 ^■^^"C '?Tf»<'"'«d by the Im- 
No. 27 i, not a Ru.rian ioabbard I Z^' *" " " ^^^OS. Eriiibit 
in the Ru«ian eervice """'*"'■ ' ''»™ ">»»«>• aeen .uoh a .abbard 

Z'^^XT^^ isx^fttr '71'°^''°^-- 

we n«d to have «,me marlS« the d,fi7»^ "? "' *® cartridge oaw 
of the plant or work.. I do *it «lt,^ l^""'!* '""• «"d *• "ame 
also some alight difference in^ th, !S! any marking here. Then there i» 

difference in tie si»o7tre';^wd:rt™^Llnd!hr^."''^' T'' "•*> ^' 
oase. That being «> I do Lot think fW *K *o charge of the cartridge 

Russian Government work.. it ^^tltlT'^^'r'J^^-^" "' t^T 
which are made at the R,™;.„ nZ ^ famihar with the oartridires 

that .hi. cartrid/ha^no^CrnSStTr^S Ttt r""** li »" '^^^ 
work.. It is diflScult to state defiSelt ih.f? ^t ''"*""'' Government 
the rifle which i. exhibited because thlrjfl-'' ""^ ""^""^S* would fit 
as far a« I can judge from thVlwnit ^ .i' '" ' ""7 bad .tate, but 
rifle, I think thit TJ^rtrid^'^r ' "' *' "'^"''S"' ""^ <"«» of the 
Mr. SnuivAir— I have no question.' 



Ill 



i 



!i , 


'J 



Sir Roger Casement. 



».n^ in gon.r.1 Spp^^nc uTlu" h?^:i.^J "X!: S,d "TJ- 
mendiaiu 4ra numbered h from F.rm inl*-. j . . ^ »»»?btii "m" the 
i. .!« don. in th, O^n J.T/Sl.^ro« UT-^'^i ^^' 
noTw done in Enriiih map. ITm™ i™ ^^'^ " Wp?. "*"•' »■"• '* 

brtter than an ordinary cart track l7i„„^ V *^ ^"^ *■""• '"'* 

Kap/iSn^ErS^^ r" -^ ^"--- 

obtain .onv»^iu ^^.•^^"do i^\f "'r '<^'" »?!»". «••" a,* 

"^ 'sr::.min'i\"'?^^r^^-' ^p^i-tr^nti^^Vg^^'* »"•" 

^;h^^T.e, do not ^P^nt^t^CftLe^^T-ter^eS^^l'S 



Evidence for Proiecution. 

Do^u k««, Uie town of LimerWkCl^. "" "I'-'li** o* •oWi««^^ ijl 

"^bjM in IreUad. °"'™* '"'*"• n»»«r bwn there. I h.Te i||| 

you ^ wU Lough S^Sty^^"^"' P»W«. on U^"!^;^ 

be a better word to u«>. «'™*"' '^'^'"''ly " defended port "» ^ul" 
» th^^irt'*' "* «"> P-". 'be™ th«, hHght g^en patche. «, 

- the-^rk:-; ^ 1-XTto--^^- - '" -- - 



Sir Roger Casement. 

■■MMMoftanr 

*«day. I drove Mr ^.^ ZJ^\^^; . ' '«««n»»r but Good 

BaUoonough. Rock StJ^tT.*!^*'^ ^?«* ^'^* ""* *"» <»* 
Pwmger there I t<»k^„ tt. t^l "* ?^«®' '■"^ ' P^^ed up one 

London. iTw at B^w It^ P*?'**°A* »* ^' ®*™*t ^oli* Court in 
been in my oa?L aS^Say flf ^^^t F?""* one of the per«n, who had 

but hi. right nZe TaSL • CtiL"""^* ^ ^''* P"'™ " ""i«»i'y. 

Bow Strelt. I dAvrl^ n.^ ^ "l,*^« -i^t when I .aw him at 
through Ardfert tT^d tekeTZ^^ BaUyhe.ge. After we drive 
Banner Strand. BanZr StoaTd Tn^r rv^ the eea, to a place oalkd 
yard, from the «a Xn^^'w^ ^S"'' ' ^°* »'«"' ^^X* 
■ee tbetfa* tien. After tw i j ^ *r P«"" »rKe»nt pame up to 
and t^ C^Lway Ibott it^r ^<««^,P«A>n. oi to BSfyheig? 

Mr. SnujVA»— No quertion. 

Roya?"?^" teb^-^fj^^ s^L^n-i^dT ^'»r"« » '^^ 

neighbourhood of CwSane nLr aKJ" ^ ^"'' ' "" '» t^« 

took U.X, ourtodhTl X^^dT'eaw tC *^«™ '•■°»°. ■"•»»•» I afterward. 
Court in London' H^WSen Tth^A t°? 'T' *5 ^^ Street PoUee 
Sir Roger CWent.^" IZ *'^e' ^'S/**"*"* "--^^ «■« P"""*- 
Mr. SoLLnTABi — No queetion. 

deJSn;^TS;wTSt'd^arr ^^b ^^T^' "" ' 
Dublin, and on 6th May I wentt™ rtlL i ? .^°th April I went over to 
Phoenix Park. I^, wW n^ J^^l' I™h Conrtabularv Dep«t at 

i-p<^TthfKpoirc?.ij'Lttv'trr'-s^f *?-' - - 

the morning of 15th M^ iTent wS, otw^mi^*' .^""^ ^«'^- On 
where I «w the aoou^ Sir HLTr >»^^ f "^ "^ *?■* ^<"'*'' «' ^-"don, 
" I am a police S^' «^d h^a^^nV f ^ T^" *" ^'"' '»<J «"<» 
"Caaemenf; are you C^rcUn^r.''" ^J* S "^^ III .?^? 
then read through a oopv of a birth ™.rt;fl».* i i "P"«" "s." I 
aeked him if he^waa ^mon^s^^!^}^!^."' ^ »""d, and 
Kingjtown, County DubHn a^d he rS^^^e. " ' l"" ■?^.1j^*"'* "' 
father Rcger oLnent and yo^ mS AiS:' CaaeLSu W^ ^""' 
father a captai n in the Ant^m MiUtiaf- Z he^ " W'''°" 



Evidence for Prosecutii 



on. 

wWe he wa. «.b«q««.ay oluS^^?l*°,!°' ^^^t I"""" Station, 

It would be taken doTO ^ild i^ .^j ' »«• cautioned that if he did 
to Bailey, who wJZr^ ^ Kun^lZli "^ ^ «'«' "«, pointing 
"think the indi<toeri?V™,;wH«4„ *"' ^** '°*'' » ioKoc^t. 1 
" -ny power to P^de drfS^X "^ '*'"'?*.him. If it j. ^a^n 
I'way « well dSdri « m™tf a^'ir^^ I '"A him to be in every 

^r/ JrcTisiFSS -£■■ T-- ^''^1 

o'^^S^^n^sik^^^'J!^:^^, h Mr. BonK»_l Tpoie' 
in the cimp at Limbunr „ » Bri?f.k ?^ *''?• ">»* "»«» Bailey was 
•nan in Dublin oTeMr u^Jer* SI^S?^ IZT' ,' •'^ "">*««» 
man at Bow Street PoU<» ft»nS 21„j- ^v ***'*• ' »»' that aame 

Did not they W tTda^J-ntlid in ;„r* '""P.'-No. 
were going to work "ay^-iliey did m wwkmg partie., when they 

the rp.'^^,1J^ZrriJ^^ZjriJ^ '^'^^ "' «^. '- 
.^l-J^pSr-S-wrdr ir^-o^;*^ <-P '- ^ in the 

Inah Boldien which waa oireuUtedftm;,a^.r*v ' ?* *d*«" *» the 

or offieen,. I put it" tS. W? Th?:^ * 'f?P''y ^"""^ """ier, 
-.plain that the Germa^T 7«^ ene^« t^^*"- '^'''^ «* «"»lated. it 
Irish prisoners of war tTiAin rtJT^ r. ^'T """K ™«"" to persuade 
fo-.eS by the1e^%'^:^J,™tnf^^di^l"l?'jP'^^'^^ 
with arms and ammunition, and so in ^1 ^ ■ ^^o^erament 
that the prisoner does the ;a^e ttin^ and * Te T"-*^^ '* ^ P"'™' 
adhering to and aiding and euoDoS'tkf p wm m that enterprise 

of couree, one of the pSinte w^KTavS^^™" authorities. Thit is, 
this document is adXsible 7n «virtTn^ ^ P™™' . ' '""""'t *» that end 
doing and what^Zj^'r, rfplS^Zm Hf ""^ *"* "^^ -~ 

d-ips, and the^b«Lltr ot 4e SoS*?' '^'',"^ *° y""" l«"i- 
not relying upon this ^uLnt Wi! ^^*'"^' '*°'^ «>at he is 

88 



' I'fl 



Sir Roger Casement. 



■ot. In the course of life mmv oeonla v i- »,, .tt r VI ^^ 

DoaaiblT fnr m^ j:<>.„ i "«>"/ Er""™ * '- "> »ttaiu the same end 
£Ttt.L *[ ^ different reawna. The fact that you find peoolT^Idn^ 
to attain the aame end i« no evidenne I .!•>».;» *k peopie eeeung 

[Thmr lordships conferred.] 

Brigade for the pir^^i^ „!, *t P"^'^" of war to oin thi. IriA 
a«.S^ng to tte'^S^i ^l.^f ''•"'°''*'" T" J*"? **« »»"« thing 

him on thi.oha.^.'^'^l^,L*;r:ti^i,<"'-""'fe '" *"''^'"» -HTainst 




Michael Frauds Doyle, 

of the Aiiiericiin Bar, 
who aadstwl the .lefence in Court throughout the trial. 



Evidence for Prosecution. 

Bajijelor. Walk 1 *^ it eTeS" • ' "«'«P*"'»-"' R«»-b« 






Motion to Quash Indictment 

<rf the oL,» a', 7^ tTlfarZe f. *^**.'*»'«'°«''*. i" the de«ription 



Mil 



Sir Roger Casement. 

mathematical demonrtraS^n S? "L w it.t^.P"'?^*" "^'^ 
tion for which it wa. cited it i„ ».if^ Mtabhihing the propou- 

King', eDcmie. in Z rMto in' Z T' T!" .' fi" <*' aShering'^to tt« 

in le indiZln" to'STpCV^^ ti'ZTT'^'-^f'^^ 
from the nature of the trial and Wbmal I llniT^ ^ England; and 
lord^p. that that view ZJTLIitZj'd Sl^*° ^"" •"" *» '"" 

Tfe f^ V ^;;r^ Z ;fiL^*r i,'»i* *<> «»tobii.h that in 

;^^^"LT?-i3tHw "^"^ mTlo^forlTco*^ 

Kipriwjrw"«'thf«zr;v»thJrh"h^',j^ " y°" 

a rerident within the ^^ wm I" f,3^ ^f? ^^ ^.'^ *''*° *°*°'7' 
term in that context. iJ^M^vtW^ allegiance, if I may uae tte 




natural bom auWeot ' It *i,™° " """mi^™!, anau not style him," 

which he W^be tadiSed- * I^^ '^i'^""^ *" ??^ "'f" *e form in 
"oomeainto^thlfffin^-a, LTe^.Xj:^'^ "' T''^' ^^^ 
"is proclaimed between rt«t.^B^ ^" *'"?'*• *°<* afterwards war 

into the «X aTd a Wi».„? m^*"*' "? ^^"^ ''* » merchant coming 
protectio" I do n^rrter? %'^?.« ''*'» '"*>' *he kS^ 
moment contends ^l. "''J?..^'"'" ? «1? Crown it will be for one 



n 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

he HUT be. men ire o™.. t ^j "! ** P""" '" "ho" dominion 

m«.t. contain, the^or". "^^Ln tS^ rf^SL'"'""' •"''°^**«' *° P"«»- 
*aot that once you went «;tho^\C^ ^™ . "• oont'outnei. of the 
the «ahn of <^ZZl^r^''^L^'T^' » ">,? ""^ «' going into 
•night be in a difficult poS ^H Ih *** ^?*''"8 "^^ » ""» "•>« 

Uajerty'. own mhn*mightT li* t^„ "'^"^ ' . "t-i*^ 'if'm Hi. 
of one who, going ™teide flis ^InT^ '* "i""* ""''"S^* *>«> Portion 
neverthele.. d!e, Lt pa^*ifto Sfl,rr*'^' "^^"^^ *^ '"»" —' 
another Sovereign IwT^i.tw^ *"■ """^^ ** »'l«gian«> of 
natural bom .Sbject on tlTh^eh 1^ ' "^"^ "^t" *J' "«•' ""- «» 

he may be without the' 1^^°? ttin^ I *^n 1"' " '" *"» <*»» 
authority that he i. .tiU wS^ 4e W.l,'^ •"""' y°" '"''^P' 
•ole duty of allegiance to hi. T,n«S„^-^'.''°°"'"°°'' """^ "n-Je"" the 
ol-., wSle he L^u"^ ae Ugr^J*™^' ""» ""'*'' ""'P""" *» "obody 

partic'X'rrd^t^'S;;;f'thLn."""'"=j- '■'* """■«» *• «» 

etatu"" «"^^^-J^« «>• Purpo.e. of app,»achin/L wording of the 
that?L^'^^ir;Xmav'L*':" authority for thi. .-.ropcition 

for the doctrine Sat I 01^*7™^^ ♦ * ' ^ "^ *"* " authority 
the realm ^ " "' allegiance committed without 

1^6 Lord CraEr Jnsnoi-That is another point. 

which wa, the oompa«ing and imagining of the KinWd^th T ^ 
wth th.. a. an approach to the 3. of^e .t^t.S Ld ISS^refL^ 

6S 






Sir Roger Casement. 



n„S! ^ ?^. purporting to t» binding with nf«r«noe to thia mittor. 
Unjr tho .tatuto ^ur lorddiipt wiU^t. w u argunwit thrttti 
w»d. of th. .t»tut. "within the r«hn" mwnt \IK^th. «»lm! 

^tlf^.K*^'^'-! ^»" ""J-J .""t find • venue fir the offence oonunittad 
^iS K ^! ?'^ *''i * f**^ *^" I wiU oome to when venue wmTmth 
?h^n ' 5*'« **• Y""^ l"*i^P» WiU find in the 2 D-er. in the itw 
™ ?h^ O.^.^' ""• "'*•• *?• »P"H» o* the judgei the» deUve^ 
WM «"" there WM no venue for varioue treMont iitU, my lordi, it 

;SZ^i f* ^f. '^*" f I'^'P™*""* that a .tatutoW.uld create .a 
a^in^l h ? .'** "'^'•j'" *" 'P"*' " *•» "■■• that a man oould b. 

A^uL'l *^' '.^'^^ ^''''^'" "^ •''"' «""'"»'. «* determining w1^ 
ur^i^.,^°°* "'^ •'■?',•'"'■ ** '"^« t^" •" !'»<» committed; and U M 
th» effect, and it wat only cured in the reign of Henry fill your 

irtMh on the con.truction .ought by the Crown there were crime, of 
to tW. r^T."","" T^T ^ *^* cognitanoe. The miitalte with regard 
L ^.♦"^'■'/n J '"o™* **■*" •■" ^^ » ""irtake, originate.^riS 
the WT'tmg, of Coke. So far „ the rewarch of my oXlgue. can 
^kllAT,.^^ ro earlier authoritie.; but when you co^to deal 
5.^1 I^ *•♦ f V "'*"'g»JO'u- lord.hip. WiU find that thi. part of the 
1? rf J,T^ ^^^^ '""' *^* •"''J*^' '" ''•'«•» the .tatement i. made 
Zii^ *«"°';.*»; °?' P'"P<"* *" •» » portion of hi. .peculative 
I^«^'-.-° . i ^''P'i*'' "O"™™** •<> bitterly, but purpoi^ to be 
hSdS^Lr J^ l^'^^ ? *^^ invctigation of the authoS which 
^J^,?i '"Pff*'"8 ^r " "' contentions. At the bottom of page 10 of 

" t rt^?' . " here explained, viz., " in giving aid and comfort 

" rS rt! p- *^.' *°J!!"'*' '?*'"° ** "»'°' <"■ without, delivery ornirrender 
_ of the King', cartle. or fort, by the King', captain thereof to the King'. 
'■ S!'^'" " the «alm or without for reward, 4c., i. adhering to tile 
iing B enemy, and consequently treason declared by this Act " Hi. 
ttl nZf.-r ""^-T'^^ ^'^!f *«y •>"« ''»*™8 Whatever to .ay to 
1?^*/ T u"''^:''':"'^ ''* '" '""'y •***«•• ^n-J. " '" » we can discover 
t?f^i„ Tl, ""• ","* *'™'- 1"""* "*''™» "*'" ^he realm mean, adhering 
within the realm cr without. The first reference is to the Book of 

17 .:^i^ j^? ^J*A '"" references, the 7 Richard 11., items 16. 
hLlvtht; "? i*"* Iw^"^ '^- '**" *^- Now. none of tho«> oasei 
H l^^TJ" ''? r*.u*V*S^"** *^** ' »* y<»" 'o''<^*iP» to construe, 
clt^ L ft ^^''1%**^? *^*. r Richard 11., item 15, one of the matter. 
«ted for the justification of this proposition, it is a ca» of the surrender 
(rfthe&ng'scartle; that is an act of adhering abroad. 
.^^ . ^ . JosTici^-That is given afterwards by Hale, Porter, 
and a number of authorities. 

^Mr. Sdllivan— And Haluim's comments on Hale'» timid acceptance 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

SL"*^!;^. ''• T^ ■"" ''^'"^ ^^ iDimMUa i. bom. out il i» find 
th. lomcUboj, ol tli«m np«tod «id obrioudy copied; thrfwindaUM 
^SS.r^;„ 1 f *'r!t- When I come. « I'wUl U Ibl. toT™"rf 
SnS^t H? Z"*" ^ *•'««"' » Hale, I wiU i«ain h.ve to pdct 
out that H«le doe* not purport to be dealing in ip^tion u to whS 
oonrtruohop the ttatute ought to havj^wSy «p^^ 5i^ tZ^- 

d^^^h?h''!r«">" ^f ^o''* " *^ «« foundaS^ T tS. 
dootnno which he again quotea from Lord Coke. 

M1«-^ ^" JMTiop-What I am not quit* clear about in 

foUomng your argumjnt i. thi.. Do you «,y it i. not a crime at oZn^ 
lawjor a Bntid. .ubj«,t to «lher. to the King-, enemie. with^T^ 

oomi^' uT'jrali;*'" *^ °""°"'* *^ "*"^* '• "^ «W"««»Ato «» 

Tho hosa C™ JuiTioi— I teU you why I am putting that to you • 

w, omnot 10.6 ,.ght of it. I think. You ^m, quite ju-tfArf in iaC 

rf you think It right, that it doe. not affect your argument; but tf^ 

^ been .aid by otter great judicial authoritie. a. to the .tatute, par- 
r^l^ thJ ^''^T-.u*'" "^^ '* 7" declaratory of the commoi law. 
l^A^ in '^ *"•** "'°™°° ''"' o' *•"« '«»''° '■> Ofder to under- 
rtand the "tetute I quite agree we rtiU have to coMtrue the language 

common law of the realm ia. 

«-o."i'iT'!^r'.'"''™* ''y *•» common law of the realm vt the 

not^l with treawn. abroad, for the rea»n that they would not be 
tnable at common law. 

ni« LoBD CmwJnsTHa— Became you wy there waa no venuet 

Mr. SuLLiYAK— BecauKi I tay there wag no venue. That ia a verr 
atrong argument. Again Lord Coke I will have to cite. He purport, to 
h^naT^:^K ^ ^ ahow that venue could be found; and that ag^n, on 
bemg marched, doe. not bear out the propwition for which it i. cited. 

ine ixiBD LSiBr JnsTioB— Are you going to come to the 2 Dyer, to 
which you made reference? j"». «» 

Mr. ScLLiTiN— Ye.. On the quertion both a. to the common law 
and the .tatute th« opimon of the judges i. that the caae. of treawo 
wiawut the realm were not triable before, at the earliert, the 28 
1.^ Vi- J^ fl/t.'tem upon which Lord Coke paewa hi. opinion 
« the 7 Richard II., item 15 on the roU.. That U not a oL of 
trea.on; it i. an impeachment of the Biahop of Norwich for peculation 
and brea<A of contract with the Crown. An investigation of tte can 
.now. that it waa in hia capacity a. Army contractor that the Biahop 
waa impeached, having apparently contracted with the Crown to furnish 
lorthwith an army of certain dimension, and maintainment, and having 

.™„J?i .,?^ ""^ ^"^^ *'™ ''«»'* ''* «"PPli« '° a "anner whi<A 
apparently did not commend itself to the Court. It was not dealing 
witii trea«>n at all. So far a. can be discovered it waa not a c^ 

^,^'Z' '* '" *"*"*' '* " "^"^^ " *»* ^«f7 S^nw*! ™y. and on 
inveatigation it is very hard to aay, even if you had got behind the statute 

5. 






\\\ 



Sir Roger Casement. 

no iMotion of traMoo in thVAoL n^.^T^??^* *'" "*•"•• '''*• *• 
tho other, hi* «r»ei noTbiri^on^l.li^iT'"' "" '^•«<"' •"«» 
during thiploMSTrfffirUaESv^^^^i^ "tafMtory, «« oonunittri 

. JorMS"Fr-''« -"<^--- » 

The defendant i. reprOTedbvX> rhSLi^ "adhering" mentioned, 
without the King'TKri^ ^S?^ ki^^^*!!? ""^ ?? •""" 

on . different footing to the oiZar? clv« Jubi^t of H^'m "T ^ 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

Jw ?^lJL^ truth it hM b.« high WMon (or hiudr^ of «w7 

^^„T^^'' '^T'?° ^''"''" *• '"'"rf-e^i into . mSSot iTi 
"*; ." *he 7 Adm .tockriag it to bo high tr««oo if it otadrlr Ld lL«! 
»ithm th. .t.tute thrt\J. «, d6»ffig^ritt. tU aTSw^S m 

SL"%.T'»'^hrri^„-:,i^ji:rr^" '^^^ "»^'- '- 
with^rtSTSKcji:.'*'"* "^ '"•■"' '" *^' "'••««' 

* Hir- .SV'HrAK-iIt.ii the.oatiwot «f-cai«M • •.•... 

it; hPLV'Se'^^w:;;"^' *''^' ="■• '" "o- •"p"'*^ "»"» 

Mr. SniuyiH— I muit have miKonT«y«d niTMlf if I manatnA to 

^J^i^'^f-C^e.""*""" "' ^ ^"** "" "y "'*•««» *• Siph™^ 
with ".I,; ■'."Z" "°»f°?^' onderrtood you to «y that Hale had dealt 
intt the ca«, and had laid that if it had been aought to be done 
tnutoroudy it might be high treaaon. ^ 

^ M^^Sblut«-I win read it; it ii at the bottom of page 168, the 

The AwoiiOTT-GisMut-WiU not you read page 167 flrit, at the 
beginnmg of the aecond paragraph! 

" iJ*""' ^S!^^~". X™ P'"*- " " "» Engliahman durinir war 
■• Swin?f^ 'wlty.to the Kmg of France, if it be done\oIuntari;y, it i. 
'• «,^T*l^ ** ^°*" *"*"/' '■"* '' '* •» <J»™ '<»■ '«« 0' hi' life. «■" 

mI J™^^ n*"* »^*'«il« to the King'. oneSie. within thi. Act." 

Mr. Jmnc HoMinoa— Thi, i, the Act of Edward » 

Mr. Suu,iTAM— Ye«. the Act we are dealing with. 
i„ J^ ^ ^ JDSTiOB-That wa. the kind of authority that I had 
Sat^^ rirJrif''!!?^?- f ' P^PO'ition of the common law to you. H 
that 1. nght It eetablnhes It at common law againrt you. 
^n.Jr^' 1^'^"''—" 't >> right it i. put nnt a. a rtatement of the 
^° *?" """ " » statement on the .tatirte 

The Loan Chief JcaTiOi-That may be only arguine in a circle- 
EdT..'^"',^,''"'' "**• ^»™ '"'*°"ty f»' sayinl^ le "tatute of 

Mr. SniLiTAN— It i. a circle. 

in. ♦^*tv^'"° *^" JtrsnoB— I have come across wmewhere in the read- 

21o™.r (ti!T"-5'.f ''."T' ' *""'' ** « Sir John Campbell! when 

i^Ttto^l^nri t ■ "*'" V" P'"«'5 t» 8»t rid of that mi,erable 

Mr s^' •^JS'* V ^^7 *« "^t"** of Edward III. wa. pasMd 

Mr. SuiuTAK-Thoug^ in a ci«le, I .ubmit, « far from wJaChig 

7S 



Sir Roger Casement. 



poiitioo ■{) ' 
MithoritiM 



If jou And dM, whatW 



ru.™jrr.i ^""^ "' •rgunwot. If jou And dial whMli^ 






may b,. th« oomioii Uw lrt.ri«rto it sST ^T^^ "', **"* *»™« 

;jju_botj«. Of ^ lea. unj-ti'o A"«:;:i^-ir:> '.iS:^^ 

but execution wj ™nitoHr?„?' "^^ w«, to be drawn and ban»H 

;: ti^ proof, migt? P^'S^C.^tntUlr^ndTalSr^ 

" Richard II., tellt lu it w>. Znlk» . ' "unngham, wi anno 1 

" «.. jud^t*t.i™t*c;oni: 'i.;'^5i„aftr's..Tni? 

"tiea«», but if ddiwiTSj ?™,^ '"'^ "'■ *"f^% it "right be 

•' Sf ,t '"'itlrha^it^ ?*^'^^' ^ a"tn'LTof*3e:^b^ 
" time, of tro'uUe v!??tt^ f^ '" ' ?"■"' ** '** "t^ » the lati 
" o^ :« " ™"'"7> out tDough thia Mntenoe wa« iriven in f..... .... 

b. •• ^.eM'n.frrrS:^' \Ty^«f^ th':t nUd >«* 

it i. defin"n^ tr"uw ^ ^^^^'T'-" '"•'t i. not a mere •• might "; 
•■ tr^be^^T^^t S'l^Tn '^' " '* "^ "''^""^ "P "^ """-^ or 

•«°*f«»- though given in ParUam^t." *» »» » h"«i «f military 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

2L >«Srf l!f^' " '"""dwwi by ruton o( briber « tmoh,!^ 

Mr. BcLUTiB— I robmit not. I oubmit, wbM tou raid tb* whol* 

SShSii^i ^ i« •implT diJing with tbM. two oue., wd «rtabShiM 

think"'?n'ti^3'" ■'""'"-Tb" » •" obwrvirtion which i. Jurtia«l. I 
if?. Vl' '^ "!""'' *' «>'"«^'» or imprudence; but it ii not iurtSfiS 

mMt"H:.(?n'?Jf"**~'""-.'''?i'"F •"••ment, where one expect, to find the 
'^ dS^^"^^'?' i.'-^*^ "P"**" "'•**' » "■"»• truth U. if it 
it 4ht i::':?e^„''' ""'"'^ " '"^'y" "r""' - the extreme'c-.'; 

th,^{J''r"" HonMDOB-Suppoeing traaeon w.. not known outride 

r^i^ o^t.^Ai^'** ". "^T*^ *» *°'' "■• •''^•t»"«' »' the doctrine 
«.tt^Sr^, ■•? ™^- ApP'renUy lord Coke thought it nquiiwl 

«fnScL?r„ *K -t 1**'™? ?' **^'*' ^y *>'«''• "ilit'fy curtodiani 
irX^^tr ''! "tl"*^' -""^ therefore are not authoritie,' The oa.« 
at »U erent, are not authontie. on the nutter that I am dealing wiUi 
tha*^''J°"J?u^^"TrH»d not you better read the next pa«»»e; 
*Suoh2 i *';* *"?"!*■«. I '"I in your way; the .tatutTofBT; 
touching the tnal of foreign treaK>n, viz.. 'adhering to the kZ" 
" a^^fdav *f °J°f «"«P«"ing the King', death withSut the kingdom, 

ariMi""* ^'" ^'^ J™no»-It i. under tie rtatute thi. juriadiotion 

Mr. ScLuviN—I hare not come to the statute of Henry VIII but 

Hen,^ l?fl""S,« m «'" »^r^'"'™' ™*^' y™ ""^ ^l '*'*"^ o 
nenry Vlll. ttie matter would be pure apeculation onlr becauie thai. 

rC > rj'wH';'"'' *^"T """^ ■><■* »» trie5"'^if tte'^hX 
I^Sato^STtri^ """"^"^ ""^ ""««''*'• ** •*""•*» "' ««"'7 ""■ 

mnM^r".W??-tr"~5" '"'* "■ ^"S"* object who committed 
murder abroad triable in this country if he came backl 

*•«« iL ''T^"'''-'*— I .think not, my lord, at common law; I think the old 
af^^Jt venue existed; that is my impassion reading it, ttough at 
the moment I cannot give the answer on the book. 

7S 



Sir Roger Casement. 



way out rf the difficulty abort vmur probably founa nm, 

»me /tatuS;!^''p«";irion*^f "»™?t V?" "'^ ^ impre«ion that. uutU 
of what a mS SS on L^^rS*^^?. ~??»? l*" took no o«^.S« 
I will have to oit», wh^Tl Zm«1L / ?'>*.'^ong to the coi^n u" 
and other ce. of ' thrtyje^rth^rf^^ ^tV*' "^"^ '■ ''<"«'*<•» 
oogn,sM«e even of crime, SSmfC wUiin^f- »»> c<mmon law had no 
of the ream within which thT^ wmSit^ "'^' ''^*'* *« Po^ion 
law junsdiction; it wa. to tem^ tt^^w ''"' °"'?"»« t^* o™°u»> 
paMed; there are two Btatutee of H™™ vin V°!; '^ **■« "»""« wa. 
and «j6 36 Hen.7 VIII. i, Te otTer^ ^"'■' ^^^ ^^ ^enry VIII. i. „„, 

at. Bef^e'yo^ll^.iTK^ If ^^7, ^'"- r.-^-^ "a™ to look 
Tory direct bearing upon Z nS w. '^ ?•*«* T"*'' "oe™ to havra 
not think it ha. bin^ .?t™ 1^ *S *«='»"''& at page 169: I do 
Mr. Su.L.vJ!!Sr^-ti„eK// *^*!L'^ °' high^«>n.'' '^ 
The Lord Chib, Jnsx,^Z^„ "T" ^^ *'!^ .*^'* J"** "»''■ 
;; the trial of f o^n t«^^^ ^^*^^ 'f' P*^ "' ''•• " Touching 
al«, for compassing th^toi',de'att^T*'.*^v"'e.^'°»'' ^"^^^^ 
the rtatute. rf 36 L^^fi T^.T'fT.t^ kingdom, at thi. day 
" >t." This pasaage I wLt t^ .^Ji^ '^ ^' '"'"' «"ffi«iently provided fw 
" law he might hrv^^bLnd;^-^" '^"^ ****''"™ *° = " B«t at comC 
:• where the^offendrr-rS>d. ifif LTavT™*^.*?' ^^«''""'' '^ «^y 
1. the 6 Richard II. H C is rilht "t "^- ^« »"thority fVthat 
for foreign trea»n in aT »u2 ' ISr,*"?'""*^ '"the trial 
offender's land. lie. ' ^' Particularly in a ooiaty where 

Mr. SmjjvAw — If in tni^i. +t.-A _ 
that would get over ib^ SlSty f^^ '"P'*^ ''7 «"« ""thority given. 

1.11 -^ iB|r^..?:n2rr>cf B^^-"^^^ ^^ -'>- yo« 

«i foU^w.!!^^''-^ ■"-^''tion of thfce ciW .how. it to be 

Mr^ ^r^^rT3:r 'r ~''"r' '*■ 

which the burgesses rioiedf ^ in^thHo™* J^l '* .Cambridge in 
"jade some attaek on the cXe^ ^d^^ "L*^^ ""* appa^tly 
d.art«r.. He case in question if^at^h. K '*'^P' **> ""^ theij 
ParUament in respect of iTe riot ^,^L^? ^t^^T' '*~ «<™>noned to 
men attempting to bum the reSXT J^. n' *°'?-L'"'* '^^'^ *»v. -,- 

^"^Sr " '""""' «- 4reni^;^^S- 

for thispr^^it,^ ^Tl^th^ZITf^ ■\'*. '• *■"> ""thority 

Mr. Snu..vA»_My coUewu^ pjt^ t" '"* '""'s^ treuont^ 

every one of these mo^andtr^J't?h«l"^"'' •"" '"^«ti«ated 

*e ^ cited, and if there i.ll'^krct.-lr o^ *ilf?«* «' 



thi. one. 
76 



1 only aay it is not 



Motion to QuavK Indictment. 

The LoBD CSanr Jcamm— 1> x>n, ^ 
it i. not like Sir MirttSlTS^ *° "^ "' ' * '"V '™»> the point; 

Stephen commented ^Von Co^riT'S.f ? *° "^ ^^'^ '»«'"« 
mitat .&fr^^^* ««-' •» «"« c«e, the^ murt be .on. 

forgot .t wa, Hale I h«l open S m? "^ *^* "»*"**• ' <>"*<> 

ihe AiToiumr-GmmEAi,— 1 have unf »™ *v ^ 
leonied friend wiU aUoiT^ to ^iJT ! ■.*■"* Particular caw. My 
ground of the oomnJl^ ^^b^tte ka.!l^^r "t^ ""^ ^ ^ 
eavocate who appeared for the CroTO ^Tfn ''«**';?''' , "*''■ '"'* "«> 
num be adherent to the KinPt eoeSi ^FrZ. i-Y\ •'="'*'■ " " » 
and h» treason shaU be t^^T^^^ulf^' ■"!■»"<» is forfeitable, 
"done in respect of the «Sn™ to the Kw'.'' " '"'•'^° "f'^"*™" 

S:^ii^|^^-o^"^"-''^--^- 

Mr. SmLiTAw H„», *v -r-aer (rollon't case. 

^the ir?x;S'rrdo"';^t^,'^c^^ 

fie Ron of ParUament ^* *»•» 'f" 'ooted up on 

Abrid^e^rT^sr^' ^tr^'^th^ -^v *» ^'*^«'--'' 

J^^enoe .n the pa^e rtbe*"a^1 "^^Tr.'T^^^^^^ Z 

got it from the Bolls of Parliame^ ^^tl *"?, ™v"*- % Wend, 
-U erents consistent with the flXof Parir^^ff *'^^** "'*'•»'* " »* 
apprehension about it. Hafe nt.^A-~ " ""^ ** « °^'- 

Oommentar,- on Hale it ««» 62 i. ^If u 'T T «""• Stephen', 
htwally and ignoring Kstakes ^! " *^ '""i" "' »peatii,g Oke 
Hale. Hale qSotes tt,^ msm &^„ ^'*r? what Stephen .ays'^about 
-brane 19. 7 Edw^ "rplri.*te^^j!S-.Sn2;kbU'^: 

77 



Sir Roger Casement. 



SSf ^,f P^ ■ J° u*" **^^ , "» ^" " Vparmdy throwing littk 
light on the .ubjeot, because ,t deal« with the oonflacation of the ludi of 
the buons who renounced their aUegianoe to King John in Nwmandy. 
We are aU fanuhar with tiie di.putei that were going on in Normandy 
ai to who wa. tho King of Normandy; the porition of a baron in tto^ 

hS{*th'^"!!L^7- A^,'*"' ""^S"" <"■*• "^ '■•°'° the dual aUianoe 
but ^ dual oUinM of hi. aUianoe, and they fought out their battle. oy« 
body. Tte barons in Normandy who acknowledged fealty to the 
wrong lord had tteir Unda forfeited in the reign of John. Thia i. before 
the Act and it does not throw much light on the anbject we are dis- 
Sflaw*"' perhaps, involve considerable investigation on 

The Loan Cmm Josnojt-I am very loath to interrupt or to inter- 
fere with your argument, because it is obviously based upon a very 
complete research, but the difficulty is we must at some time come to 
moi« modem times, and the law laid down there. You see these matters 
have been discussed, and although it may be true that Lord Coke went 
further than he was justified in going, rtill if you find that later authori- 
ties have adopted that view, and that there is a judicial authority for it, 
even though it does not actually decide the case, it is asking much rf us 
to ask us to decide that Lord Coke was wron^. 

Mr. Sniiiviui— If I submit there has bcin no case decided on it 

Ihe Lord Chibt Jcsnca— Not on the eiprees point. 

Mr. SuLuvAN— If, as I submit, this is a case of firet impression, so 
far as the decisions upon it go, by any Court of ju«tioe affeoting either 
person or property " 

Tb» Lobd Cbv JusncB — Is that quite rightt 

Mr. SULUVAK — I say if it ia. 

He Lobd Cmm Jdshcb— I do not follow. Tou wiU tell me directly 
when you come to it how there could be a conviction in Lvnch'i case if 
ttie present argument is right. Lynch was indicted for treaeon in South 
Amca. 

Jlr. SmuvAir— 1 am going to deal with Lynch't cose, in which the 
case was allowed to go- to the jury, but I preferred to deal with the 
authorities there cited. 

The Lobd Canw Jusnot— I do not want to take you to Lyneh't case at 
once unless it is convenient. I doubt whether we serve any useful purpose 
by lookmg too much into these earlier authorities when we have to deal 
with modem times and the law that binds us now. 

lb. SuiiiViB— I am sorry your lordship did not express any desire 
befMehand that it might be most neoeeaary to deal with The King v 
iyjKA. That ia reported in 1903 King's Bench at page 144. In tbeLaw 
Reports, report of TAe King v. Lynch, this point is not reported. 

The Attoriwt-Gbnebal — Yes, at page 446. 

Mr. Sdluvan— There was a motion to quash the indictment. 

The AnoiimT-GENiauii — On this ground! 

Mr. SnLuviK— On this ground, but your lordship sees that there is 

nmply a very shcHt argument given, and the only dedaion of the Court is 

upon a matter of procedure ; that is why I originaUy oaUed attention to it ; 

the only judgment of the Court ia not ujion the point we ore ooniidering, 

78 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

to'q.J^"' *** ''™^"' °' P"^"" ''^'^ «"• indictment rfK«ld 

Mr. Sdi,uv«-Y«, I hare, from the Aorthimd notea 
o-e ";■ tt p^Zr"^ ^""* "• "'*'*^ °" '^<' «'-^'-"» o' 'b* 
noto.'^f I^TC;' ^J*™ *° *™Pa««8»in -d bom,w the shorthand 
tJ,«n^5Li?"°!..^™"~^°" '■" ^^-J "o *•>» oonolwion of the cue for 
l^hT^rt^^SrX'" "*"' ^* •""'"' *"' '^^ ■' "^'"^^ 
the Zrt)f»^''?~*"i ■'"'*^'^- "^ argument come, at page 107 of 

ct^^Ej'^^ '"'' ? r^"?:Jr P'*^ 108- There i« ^uthcii^ 
citea—jKoeZofl* > case and SmUh O'Brim', case— and the observation of 

.^puS to thrn°™ "k^"*^. •***' "°' """^'y- that t^e X^« u 
imputed to the person charged, not to the plaie of the offence The 

m which Lord Alverstone dealt with The King v. Vaughan at nam 10ft- 

• iorr- *? "^^ *^f /*' -^ ^- ^'^l''»^^ a directTn^i?trai^ 

826. I have no doubt you have looked at thia most^fullT Tlere 

Th-L ■ ul^ ''"'T'' •«*• *"" y™ have to deal with the.^ 

CkmtTZ^l^,"^"*^"^ '?'"'" "P "^ *he same page by the Lord 

"ml ^1^k]JITv° '^'■^'^>'"' «»«ide«d it, but it eeemfS 

me that The Ktng v. 7aughcm is a direct authority. The charee arainit 

^tte prisoner « left to the ju^r upon the count o^y of a.^XT5S 

AtJnr^i^p 1 ^*" *^'*''* '** "o* » ^British subject atVll." tS 

Attomey-General calls attention to the fact that there is nrcount for 

Then there is a quotation from Hale The «pinim»Tit r.t *»,.> iw 
General commences at the bottom of ptge m ^ he L™ "1°™^" 

■^t ^'SS"^.f '"* "" p""^ -X^^ yLT'GeoLr™- 

" Iw wv **^ to the case of a certain nmnber of English «,bjectoSad 
" fte Sn^n'i^ P *^ ™' ''"KT^ i° "«• ^tt Spain, token ooiSsbS^f„i 
'■ rt! |P«"'!h Government and been guUty of buccaneering andT^to 
.. i^"* ^?*l The statute was passed to remove anVdoX thl?^^ 
,,^^s ™ght be tried for piracy "although the aotTatStS^ 

-u,lf™ IL, J"" ."**?' '"'^ *h» •*'*"*« i° «» moment. He cites ^ 

^«i^^^ ',***' *^** " «'*"l7 » dictum, and no more^^^ 
He L<»n CW Jn»n<»-I think that i. quite' right; it wa. not 

n 









Sir Roger Casement. 

neoMMiy for the deoiiioQ, but that wa» the opinion of all the iudgw. It 
wa« the opinion of the judgei delivered to the Houae of Lordi in Mulcalu/i 
oaee, and they oonetrued the language of the etatute of 1381 oontnur to 
your prewnt argument. 

Mr. Sdluvjji — In the eummary of the argument in the Houee of Lorda 
it would appear he eaid at the bottom of page 317—" By the etatute of 
" 26 Edward III., statute 6, chapter 2 (extended to Ireland by Poyning'i 
• Act, aee O'Brien v. Tht Qvem), it waa declared to be treaaon." Then he 
purport* to quote the word* of the etatute— " When a man doth oompaaa or 
" imagme the death of our Lord the King," Ao., " or if a man do levy war 
" againat our Lord the King in hi* realm or by adhering to the King'* 
" enemiea in his realm or elaewhere and thereof he probably attainted of 
"open deed." He purports to quote the words of the atatute because it 
1* m mverted (wmmas. It was a dictum pure and simple; the «a«e of Th» 
Queen V. Mtilcahy had nothing to aay to treaeon without the reabn at all ; 
the point that went to the Houae of Lord* did not involve that question. 

Tlie Lord Cbot Jvsaos — I think you are quite justified in saying 
that. 

Mr. SuLuvAif — The caae is reported in 3 English and Irish appeal 
oaae* at common law, and the decision in the Court below, apart from 
this queeticn of the jury, and the only matter of argument in the CWt 
below, was whether a man could commit an act in Dublin when not in 
Dub^ himself to commit it, it being proved it was done by a member of 
the Corporation of which he waa proved to be one. 

Mr. JcsTiOB HoRiUDOE — I have not the copy of Lynch's trial in the 
shorthand notes, but 1 have The Timet Law Reports, and it seems that the 
pomt waa not only taken, in the first instance, before plea, but waa taken 
afterwards at the dcee of the caae. 

Mr. SoLLiTAM — ^At that time the argument was developed. 
Mr. JcsTioi HoBBmoB — ^Whether rightly or wrongly, the Lord Chief 
Justice must have decided the point by teaving the issue to the jury. 

Mr. SuLUVAN — He did, on the authority of The King v. Taughan, 
which the Lord Chief Justice more than once repeats is ooncluaive and 
deciaive on the subject; and if he was right in that, and if The King v. 
Taughan that he purports to follow is conclusive on the subject, I could not 
hope to convince your lordships after this lapse of time, and your lordships, 
m thia Coi-rt at all events, would follow the same precedent. Now let me 
\f^The King v. Taughan, which is reported in the 13 State Triala. 
Mr. JnsnoE Avort— It is also reported in 3 Salkeld. 
Mr. Sdllivah — I am reading at column 487; that will give your 
lordahip the indictment fw the trial of CSaptain Thomaa Vaughan. It was 
an indictment tried before Sir Oiarles Hedges, judge of the High Court of 
Admiralty, the Lord Chief Justice Holt, the Lord Chief Juatice Ti^by, the 
Lord Chief Baron Ward, Mr. Juatice Turton, and otheiw of His Majesty's 
Commissioners. It was tried before the Lord High Admiral and the other 
persons that were mentioned in the statute that I wiU have to open to 
your hjrdahips, aa showing conduaivdy that it was tried in respect of acta 
dime withm the realm of England, though not within the jurisdiction of the 
common law. 

Mr. Jdstios Avobt— Surely that was a trial under a apeoial Cbm- 
miasion. "^ 

80 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

^ SuLUTiM— It WM prended over by the judge of the High Court 

The LoBD Cmw Jnsiio»— And Lord Chief Juitice Holt. 
Mr. ScLUTAK— Yee. 1 «ugg«rt that unoe the Preeident of the Court 
WM the Admiralty judge, that ahows it was tried under a statute which I 
will paM to, and I will show that the judge of Admiralty and divers other 
weighty persons, that were construed to mean Her Majesty's judges, sat 
with him under the statute of 28 Henry VIII. 

The LoBD Cram Jusnca— There is no doubt whatever it was an 
mdiotment for high treason on the high seas. 

Mr. ScLUTiK— It was an indictment for high treason within the 

realm, as I will show your lordship; it was on the narrow .s. I will 

show that at that date there was no doubt or question thi.. e place 

where the acts were committed was within the realm of EngUnd. The 

date of the trial is in 1696, and in 1696 to doubt the realm of England 

extended to the narrow seas would itself be such an act as might have 

been extremely dangerous to a century earlier. I am reading two-thirds 

down column 488. The prisoner was indicted for " being then on the 

high seas, withm the jurisdiction of the Admiralty of England, about 

„ ^* ™^" '■•o™ Deal, did then and there by force and arms falsely, 

„ ■n^lwiously. and traitorously aid and help and assist the enemies of our 

said Lord the King. " That is the first count. The second is of great 

importance : As a false traitor against our said Lord the King further 

_ designing, practismg, and with his whole strength intending the common 

peace of tranqmUty of this kingdom of England to disturb," an offence, 

obsCTTe, against the common peace of the kingdom, " and a war and 

„ "".">»■' against the said King upon the high seas within the juris- 

^^ diction of the Admiralty of England to move, stir up, and procure; 

_ and the said Lord the King, from the title, honour, royal name, and 

unpenal crown of his kingdom of England, and dominions upon the 

_^ high seas, to depose and deprive; and miserable slaughter of the sub- 

„ ^f " ?' ^^ "*"^ ^"d *» King, and this kingdom of England, upon 

_^ the high seas, and within the jurisdiction aforesaid, to cause and pro- 

__ cure; on the said 8th day of July, in the said seventh year of the King, 

upon the high seas, about U leagues from Deal, and witiiin the 

„ ™'»'.°"»> o* the Crown of England, and within the jurisdiction of the 

Atoiralty of England aforesaid "; then with other traitors war against 

the Kmg he levied and waged; he levied and waged war. 

Mr. Jdsti™ HoRRmoi— -It was not upon a British vessel, was iti I 
do not gather that; it was on a French vessel; it was not within the 
theory that an English ship is a portion of the Dominions? 

Mr. SmjjvAN — No. 
« **^- ^™"<™ HoBiiiDai!— It is laid as within the Admiralty jurisdic- 
tion. The " Franconia " showed us that the ordinary AdmiraKy juris- 
diction was not, at any rate, beyond the three-mile limit, and this was 14 
leagues from Deal ; the facts were that it was not on a British ship, and 
It was levied outside the Admiralty jurisdiction. 

Mr. SULUVAN— Outside the common law jurisdiction and within the 
Admiralty jurisdiction, sod not being a British ship, it being a French 
° 81 



Sir Roger Casement. 

Aip. Aow, that he murt haw been within the realm I will .hn. ,«, 
by OTerwhelming authority that he wa. within ttJ«Sm '~ 

Mr. JusTira HomuDoti— The indictment alle8«« it u ••»>). 

■■^^rs:t^f/'~°^'-^^^^^^^ 

cT'^ in'hf S'H- r --^^^ "- r--- £ 

the Prerident wt Z^„l^ "J^l' Tf^" <>' **» ^ourt agisting him' 

£t?ATA"'£.^, td'nt'sL^fi'T^ -"• rath ••• 

whether the piraov ^ioh waTClff n j' "'^ q«e«tion ariaea 

mitted wa. wkhTfte ^" eLC""*! '.'^ '" ■"'? "**" ~'°- 
any number of caW iTwJ / '^ n-"^ '?'"'■• "" *»' *■>«" a™ 
ExchequerDivisioTi w'rf. to oftTf/- "^'liS ^V^"" ""P"'*' »■ 
«y. It the hottom': " E^nlo our w/ril!"- ^^ ^'«' "'"■*'«' 
" »one haa never teen adon^ L^^ •! ** ^"^"^ °' ""« th'ee-mile 
"«tnii« -1,„ ! i^ adopted by the writers on Eng sh law. To Black- 

" Cr and^tJt t ^^^^- " ""* "' *» jurisdiction of the common 

"the'L.e"tSng^^"Lr.r' T'"" *«-■"» »gnifl« 3 «d 
England Mdhe^;h„».*.,rj **,!!^,?' "I*"' °"'" *^»" «>« '""J <>' 

^ win" It 'J°™ t^^'^'^'^l'T, C"?^"?"""' i-'ri'diotio" extend. 

<• --ij^ • I ■ """^ ^* "'^"'^ ifam it ia said " The narmw aaa 

.^om.ng to the coaat of England is part of tte warte ^dTSaT 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

" "Inttut^; 1 1^ ^Z.V:^'J^*^- '\ '» within tU b«l, 

out of the p«cinot. of the «„ telo^n^f A* "*.' " '** "*"« '*■ « 
h, .peak, of the narrow ZT^ 11 3 T^ 'hj**'™ "' E-K'-nd, and 
COmmiMion to .h7w tharSL ti -.^ ,"' *"*° ""« «» Admiralty 
terminated only ,^rh tte ot^t^rprl ""!" ,°' "'* ^"""^ """'■"'l 
wntury, I think you wiU finH .1 n^.' ^' ''*» " t^^ aeventeenth 

r^, « W-- ^. -— 0^- r^^^ ^^ .int. . a. 

doe. no't d^Jl-'ZK'lt'r't^n'r- '""' " ?' ^'"' ^ ^-^*-» 
in The Ki„g V. ^«A ™. the .ta?ute S'^'^p V^^ Attomey-GeSeral 
•et out in exUmo in the ahoXn^^^fi^ °/t ^ "' ^^^^ "• That ■» 
112. The King v TotS i^^t' ' "n'' 1™*° ''■'"° them, at page 
authority upon Iv^l^^X^^ ^d f^^Ty-^*""*!. '"id. wa, the c^ 
matter of Son.iderable imwrtknw ^ v' ?"?«;' '""""^ «* ^eing a 
thwe are ,o many authorial He cu^l/!"'!/'?"" '^ ' '»' '« that 
..ent Now I J„ oome 'tTdial^'^rthe' tltuS'' '""'""" °' "" "^- 
Mr. JusTioa AroRT-It i. the 18 George II » 

. wPafk^r^I^^.'^tert mK/l"-'^ *^« "o*"*". »d 
of Henry VIII. dealing with aT Lrt.^? » ^'"' ""^ two atatute. 
one. the recital «bi^ouT «ia? T^. I "^T"^' '^ ^^ard. the firrt 
robberiea. and «, forth whi^Ll^ '-l"!"'' '*''""«' ""der.. 

on the King', d^n^nt.'. ^^t e1Str1e::?''ritl' tf "'Si "" '=°"°"**«i 
under the civil law. Thev are fn ^,{ i » *''*'' '"™ *»•» tried 
tried by the civil Uw of theTdi^rX ^2^ /"»"««'■ J"d have to be 
rtatuto of 28 Henry VI I provide a ^ih?^ 7 """""'l **'*' "^ the 
procedure to enable^the tribS to tA S,«™ '' "h- ™"'*'"' P""^*^ » 
the common law. Now ttr«tetnt«?i^« n"'""'i?,? *" *h« """"e »' 
«>rt, of offence, comlTted wiSf*"wh^ w °u5 ^'l- '^»'* ^^ «« 
on the high aea. andl^l Ti™ * '^^ **"**' ** ^'"K'' dominion, 

foreign law oT^;aion t mu.t Zl^h""""*^™ *l"' *"' « there waa a 
that^wa, only w"h r^Sd L Z ""■**<* »* *» time. At all event, 

which I have^diapL7rf a^d ?w,^I'^*'"/' ^*^ ^'"^ ^- ''»«?*«» 
"tatute of Henry VIII at rt. li^ ?°i"'f ** "• ^ut under the 
read to your^rd,hip" tJZ^ '^J^ ,^'" •"' '^« which I ahaU 



Sir Roger Casement. 



thM a in»n tor being . pirate thould b, aniiou. to prove that ho wai 
™»th.nB wor^j but in fact. U.at oo..r.o w«. M„g taken, ."d douW. 
h«l amen whether th.p™,luction of the eommL» rf Z M^ 
Sfl^ . Tu" "'"' "•" ^""^ »«"'"»«1 ^hat «»...«» asainat the Kh^g^ 
•hipe from the category mentioni-d, namely, the treaaoniXt w«. e» 

°'" Vi 'yt- '^T. 1. A''""">"y •«»'<«"(» *« *>^^i uw. "• "* 

there being that diitinotion to draw I rely on my nnniment before 
I jjpproacJ. the oa* that the civil law ,«»gni.«i 'the bJehT™e «^ 
aibgi.nce on the high .™ without the realm of England, b.it .Ull ^ta 

A?mt°l?v' trV"'"" '^ *^^^t ""• •"■* "">'" ^ juririictin" of S2 
AdmiraJty, winch wa. a civil la, ,. ,«»ted in the .tatute. It wu to 
remove thow doubt, that thia Aot wa. pa«N>d in 1746, and what did it 
provide It providcl, fl™t, that notwith.tanding tha he had an ijien 

without the realm he would have committed the civil law offence of one 
^af hfZS: """""""'f '" 2« H?"y VIII.. that though he diould ,,r^ 
that, he might U. ncvertlide,, tried for piracy aa originally indicted on 

tried aa a pirate. It had two otlier provWona. It provided that if ha 

h^ trca»n, and it wind, up by a provi«,, that whe™ he i. not pr^cS 

W»S .„». * V f*!"' '"" " * P*""" «>™'>>itting a tron«,n on the 
high .eaa: under what .tatute I t'nder the .tatute of 28 Henry VIII 

without the reatai, a. Urd Alveratone did, a. being applicabk t^wUd 
nS^r^tS%""i"?''J' ""^"^ *» "» authority againat me, buHe 
that would refer to that i. not the rtatute of 28 Henry VIII., whi^vm 
iTi. ti^^ ^ "T** "i^*' ^^ *" ""'"S clau«, ^the Ait of 17«7 
VIII ^-1 '7','^ regard, to the foreign tre.«>n. pa.«d in 36 HenU- 
to dekl^ti'T'''i ?."''°"V .^1^"^' ■"•' "'«> the statute of Edward b^ 
to deal with the inflmte multitude of what I may term fancy treasoia that 
had grown up by .pecial rtatute. in the reign of Henry vTlI wS reS 
we^wV'^r'^ "' m""'* *V!t^ '"^ day to day wSether "ne'.^n^, 

b 36 hLZ vilT^ ^ ?f "' ^"f""*" '"" *""<">• *»* '» '""owed 
Snf fo^J^ t~ '' t •«*]"*»/' oreign t««.on, enabling for the fl«t 
tune foreign treason, abroad, of which I think at the time there wereV 
multitude, to be tried within the r«.lm of England 

«ac«twh.t1"ji" *" "" ■*'*"'• °' '"»• ""> ' *"•"' '* •«*" ""' 

^.t ^;.d'M j^-^rili :rs:i, 'c^^^rZpet^n'^Sf^ 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

«cnry Vlll. it wanted trinl at common law." g„, acoordinir to Lnrd 

.gainl^v";:"; w7(tr"-" - " "-"^ "^-'^ -•*<'-«■■' <>' «■« uw 

oufiSl^tho'ralm^'rrbr" '^'^ •'^ ""> --"""p"™ »"•' »~— 

be ft'a.on™""""^"' *"" '"**•" ''°""' ""* "' *^ ""J" " declared to 

^0 LoBD Cmn- Joimo»-By tho statute 
CbkBV.nfi!"'"/"'""?^."'* '*•*"** ">»' *« »«> <ii«c..»«n(r. f have Lord 

Mr JnZ^T'™* ""■ v"-* ' '"'"» «"""'* *° '«" that oandiX 

but P^p(rt;^-t^l^^ttt,''nr - :H^^^'^^^ <>' » --»■ 
n^r^i aiuho7uTgeiTriJe"i:rL::^*'.„"d''f ™""L*^ ^"^r 

»"o-.l^r «£eti^;^?-™^- - ^'- -%- 

♦.i.i"''' ^."J""*"— " that eatabUthe. that the quotation i. correct 1 «,r 

the J^tute.'"™ Ho»-n»»-Wh.t do you mean by "purported to quote 
Mr. SntuvAN— It is in inverted commat. 



Sir Roger Casement. 

thai ^J'T" Ato«t_Dom not tb* •tatut. of 3S Hmrr VIII .- 
woui;5''"..?5''"'t''~''" ^ *^'°"8'> ^' »«ri»« 'taiite. of Henry VIII 

object of 'trr:nrSs:/v^l'ri: r st*^ f- '"■'• ^^* '^•^ »•' 
!-• ^J^o^:2t-L-Hc - ^-^=^'^^ 

Mr. Smuv^-When committed out of the realm 

•■ MaiestT". rLl^Tf p r'/f/^''?'*^' <"■ eommitted out of the Kine'. 

"de.t^!!:!?t»-" ^»* "U """-or of oifence. being already m«fe and 
Mr. JcNBTTcR AvoET-I think j»u murt begin earlier. 
^Mr. SnLuv^-.. Fora«nuch a. «»ne d^fbto and queation. have b^ 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

^fJed'ti"""" *""-'">•' » -"'y «>• "fin kind, of t««on tbm 
Mr. StTLUVAN— Might I mbmit the certain kindi of treumo .r. •« 

^ti'i^'hrr ;;s r^dl'-^'-.H' ff'" t*"^ -■■"- "^ d'curX.*tS;7reu^ 

"rf „»^n^ l-y. authority of thi. prc«,„t 1'arUan.ci.t, that all mannM- 

••^.rTjl"'"'^ "'"'"''y """^ »"<• declared, or hereafter to bTmaJe 

•• mi.nS '^ ?^ "' ""•• '""• "■"■ "»""« »' '•"• ««•»»» b^ t™.rr 
'• «3^H "*«•<»>•. or concealment, of treaaon., and done, per^ 

■■^TCS"""'*^- "' **:""*■• *" •» ■''>•». Pern-trated, or cTm- 
mitted by any per»na out of this realm of Engkod ahaU be frmi 

"orW. IVr";'"* ",'• '"""'k"','' •"**"»'""■» '«">"' "^'o King'. juJ^^ 

Mr': srr.»-Ye;:i?d».™'' "™''" "^ "■ '»*« *^* •'•'"»•• 

n.n.i?''i* ?*»". f^"', Jo'Tioi^it U from that atatute that the Kins'* 
Bench derive, the nuthor.tv for trying all t™a«,n. committed abro^ "^ 

Mr. SuLUTAH— If .uch there be. 
tried We!*"° ^" Ivmcm-lt i. for that reawn that thi. c»m> i. being 

no new toeaaon ; it i. mere procedure. The importance ia that the 

I^v^dIL .^/r'T"'", '*'• ""l"" i''"'di«tion tiU it got the rtatute, «> 
rjubSirCAi. •»*''*"''"',•' ?'™ "i."* r i^i'diotion tiU you get a atatite, 
I^.ubmit that that i. eoncluaivo that the offence did not exiat at common 

noint"tw''Mj"?I Hoiuin»i-^u.t follow the argument you put with the 
po nt that Mr. Justice Avory put. to you. Your argument i. that it oouU 

Zn^ ^". """'^t *«/»"■». "««"" it '»• mS^triable by the KiT'. 
BeniA. That i. a. I underatand your argument. I. that fight! 

Mr. hcLUTAK — At common law. 
f^.^/' i'"T' ,?o»»°»»-Th«t etatute aay. eipr«.ly that there are 

t^^ K . "^ ''T- ""^ therefor* if your argument i. correct there 

would be no treason abroad at that time,' becau^ the very one. tC 

^^^ntr'^'^i'Tuw' "^"'^ "" *~*"" "^ '^'"«' '"'='' "'"^ »^ 

great^num'^f";;;^^ """ °' '' "'"'^ ^"'- ' "'*«'> «•«" '^ » 
.hr^^^ii!""™*?"?""!^" **y oould not be trea»n« when committed 

^,.yfy S"^"'^— I did not aay that, fw, a. I irtated, the common law 
cmad have no knowledge of crime, that it could not invertigate, but the 
•tatute oould create a crime in any part of the world, and tte atatute 

87 



Sir Roger Qiseniem. 

la,^'-, J""™ Ho>u,n»»-Ar6 you reading the rtatute of 6 and 6 

Mr. SDiuTiN-No, the Act of 18 George II. 

^e LOUD Chii» JneiTOB— The 1748 Art 

Mr' fn'^^™ l"^"' S *'" 'I'orth'nd note, thot >. being dt«J 

Wddown """" ^^O"^-^'* » q"ite conrirtent .ith good Uw being 
that ^^^^~r" ^^ °{ ■»" '• """"^"t »!"> *"*«" '«•««.. In 

^^^ a. nign treaaon. The deciaion aroae on warrant, and warrant 

aatthe .peci« of t«.eon wh^3Lt by" sTdw*^ dUr^c'haltol' 
•■T6^%w'\^^^\^"^'r- ^g""* tried, l^fo^'tSe ?^ 
^Z''\y.:^J^'tL'::T^3 tl^^kiugdom, by the rule. ol'Z 



oonanon law, though the kid and 



' realm 
88 



That 



— comfort 

direct authority that that particular 



forded without the 
treaaon can be 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

trim! within Um tMlm, klthougb tb* ud ud oomfort to tbs •midt ia eiTen 
without the rwlm. 

Mr. Svhurui — Thoiw are a number ol caan in which it bu been don* 
•J ™« JfP** *l«n the offender ia within the reaUn. That waa the caae 
of r*r ginff V. Wkttdttn ; where the offender ia within the realm, be may 
•id and comfort the cn«my oiitiide the realm, and be guilty ot the offence 
charged ; that ia ttio o|iiiiion o( Mr. Juatice Finucane. 

The Loan Chih Jcancs— He may be within the realm, althougfa 
ginng the aid and comfort without tlie realm. 

Mr. SnLUTiM — Y», the offence may be committed within the realm, 
he being there, the offonder. 

The Lord Cmir Juht.cs— He may aend information. 
Mr. 8dlut.u( — He may. 
Mr. JoanoB Aronr — That waa Plalt't caae. 

Mr. SoiuviN— /'/fi«'f caae dov« not ahow what he ia charged with 
at all. Ho waa charged with treaaon at Savannah. The queation for 
deciaion in Platt'i caie waa, could the Court deal with him, and they 
held they could not, beoauae they were not the Court to try bim. They 
held thoy were not the Court under SS Henry Vlil., and therefore 
application for habeoM cm-put ahould be made to the Court that oould try 
bim ; that contention did prevail, ao that waa the net deciaion of Piatt i 
caae. 

Mr. jDaxiOB Avobt— The deciaion waa they refuaed the habtat earput. 
Mr. StnuvAN— They did j they aaid they bad no juriadiction to entar 
into the matter at all; they were not the right Court to have cogniaance 
of the matter, becauae they were not the Court within 35 Henry Vlll. 
Now, It la a moat aignificant fact that, wliatever obaervationa you may find, 
you cannot find in an^ reported caeea a proaeoution under the atatute in 
which the point la decided other than The King v. Ljftwh. The King v. 
Lynch proceoda on The King v. Vaughan ezpreaaly ; your lordahipa are 
•atiafied that that auppoaed view of the judtonent diaappear*, and with 
the foundation the edifice goea too. 

The Lord Cbi» Jc8no»-Suppo«ng you put your pen through The 
Jltng V. I,ynch, aaaume that you are entitled to do that, at any rate, 
to thia Court, which ia a doubtful propoaition, conaidering that we are a 
Court of co-ordinate juriadiction, but aaauming you could get back to 
ttie word* of the atatute, everything must turn upon the worda of the 
•tatute. 

Mr. SoLLiViK— That ia all I am arguing. 
_ The Lord Chut Jdstiob— The whole point ia whether the word "elae- 
where governa "aid and comfort" or govema "adhering to the 
King'* enemies." 

Mr. SuLUVis— I ahould not have kept your lordahipa for the length 
of time I have done were not it that I thought that there atood in my 
way of ooming down to the words c -he statute what appeared to be the 
authontiee which required to ]w *d aa giving the worda of the 

ttotute a m«..-»iing differait fc- .!..^: - should ordinarily bear. That 

naa been the point of my ary ucnt, a<l ia my apology for taking up so 

The Lord Caar lusnct- > Cj not think you have occupied too much 



Sir Roger Casement, 

•ubmit you a« not ^ r™SIti , ^™ different meaning, and I 
«^a«J to'tho^eC'oh^^?"^ ""^ ,""*. "'-oJ-tely clL with 
word, of the .t.T".32;lZ^^r7 ' ^^* r < «>.»».« the 
ment, why :» it that thevlJeT^Lrt,.* '"'L.™^ ?"* i° *1^ indict 
fact that a,e atatute i,^ a^t^ .^ T."^ ^"^ *^ "^"K^' ""» 
that i, not in te^n,^^'tC X,1^h.to ,-?f>. f '^t •omething is aUeged 
that that which i. all«rTh7» n.S^^i'' *?k ''»"'^t«"> "* «>y argummt. 

Wie LoBD Chot Jd8tio»-I follow. 
"Lo^'the'^rir'S^ ^ 7- '' « " n.- do levy war again* our 
"hii realm givine th™^'.^^ ^IS"^* *° *'" King'' «iemie. in 
Have not iheKZ,^ the ™i "I*"* '" *^? """^ ^ el«whe.,." 
texta J The word ' or " ^ul^lSor A '""!. "pifi<»"ce in both o<ai- 
» no auggeation of the w^ "„'"LwT ' ^ ^«'-?°t "; there 
"comfort:- LevyinT war »„rf .Jt> • ^ *•"* ""''^ P^ng aid and 

TleconatrucdonlStoC.olL'^rtfJr: ^Z •"J!"^' ""»* *>"«• 
three offence, out of the» taolTf ^ i ? •'"^"te 'ly the CW>wn provide, 
be chaned with eitW )^ two clauK* I have read, beoauw a man may 

ttem aid and comfort in the reatot e^To« '"'' "^"^ ^"^ 8^™* 
that^Jr^woSr-^f fSr„r .-'--••y '""ow; it may be 

wggeated in any^ *^^ *° ''"^mg war haa ever before been 

not foiiow'xrit^rr^ sr ■* -"^-^ •» "> "• *>•>* '* *- 

an.w^g^yolJJtrfLi'^ob^r^^- *■"•'' ft^'^ "^ "<'» "* the moment 
to inve.ti|ai the Hat^a^Sn^^.^'ir .1 t^'mlt f.' '"^ "^ ""« 

svsr^Xfgr.iriS^^e ^^ ^~ r-th^rer-^ 

right; if you *> n^t do thai ^^^S*' '?"* ^^''^'"rt are all of them 
your arguLnt that you murt ^ ^T 'l^ .^-'-dfrable foundation for 
were ^T^mat^'^rf S^ng^d ^nd^c^^ W ' ebewhe«," a. if they 
you^do r^ them, on i^^ ^.''Lt ^^^1^ ^, ^.f'o.Jl 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

u adharinjT to the King', enemiei within Ut realm or elwwbere, you giye 

I^iJ!!?!?'' ^^ '?J^- K"™* "<1 ""^ comfort" u woixi which 
are dewnbing and m«iufe»tmg th« intent with which the statute ia there 
oeaung. Gmng aid and comfort as manifecting the intent would apply 
ta*h to adherence to the King's enemies within the reahn, and to 
a<merenoe to the Kmg'a enemies without the realm. 

-Ji, 1 ?"^J-^~' ?8^> " yo™ <Je«l '^tl' it on the baaia of being 
adherent to the Kmg'a enemies in his realm, and they were simply 
defined aa temg givmg to them aid and comfort in the realii or elsewhere; 
that i» one construction, but it ia a totally different construction; we ari 
not deahng with brackets. 

• t.y^^ .'*?" *^™' JosiK"— There is authority for saying we haye no 
right to look at bracketa. We decided that in this Court, or at leaat 
expressed an opinion after hearing the authorities in this Court quite 
recently, and there is the authority of Lord Esher in the Court of Appeal 
for •jying you must disregard brackets. 

Mr. SoLUTis— The construction must be on the express terms of 
the statute as they stand. You do not attribute to a statute words that 
are repupant unless you are driven to it; you do not attribute to a 
statute that It w tautological; you merely read it and give effect to the 
statute as being couched in the necessary terms to expound ito own 
meaning. If therefore you have to expound the statute by ite own terms, 
I jubmit that It IS dear from the Norman French that the givine them 
aid and comfort refers solely to the man, the person named m thi prior 
part; of the statute, and the person who at the date of the statute had to 
be withm the reahn, and therefore to be tried. Looking at the Norman 
V nTl '^™"'8 *o *•» grammatical conrtruotion, it is the person who 
shaU be adherent, giving them aid and comfort, wherever they may be, 
adherent to the King's enemies in his reahn. 

The Lord Csmr Jcstiob— The Noiman French does not help you; 
It bnnge you back to the same point. I have looked at it, and it leaves you 
just where you were. 

Mr SmjjviM— It u perfectly dear, I submit, t-Ve grammatical 
COTstruction within his realm must be given effect to in that context 
mere, and donnant is not a description of the offence committed, 
it is only a descnption of the overt acta by which it may be proved 

Hie Lord Ctar Jnsnos— The difficulty which I always feel is that 
you are arguing it before us as if it was a case of first impression. We 
have to deal wiUi it with the authority of aU these great authorities of the 

Kk^rreato ™^ **"* '*" °' *''*^° " "PP''™"* ""'"de *« 

Mr. SuiuvAu — I quite recognise it. 
I A P* ^"' '^" JrsTicB— So far as I know— I have no doubt you have 
had the opportunity of far greater search than I have been able to make— I 
know of no authority in any text-book in your favour. 

Mr. Sdluvaw— Nor do I. 

The LoBD Cmii» Jdbticb— It is a strong construction when we are 
^ "'o* «""">"*■« »«h M Coke, Hale, Hawkins, and Fitzherbert. 

this ^.tTt'Z'^~^'^ ' *"^* " * "^"*'- "' P*at importance is 
ttus, ttat a text-book is an exceUent exposition of the common law, when 
you require what was the crannHMi Uw received prior to the law regulating 

91 



!«!. 



Sir Roger Casement. 

S** sTj^%i'"'"'—y 1"*» 'g'^ 'rith that. 
di«M,»W TZTlt'^It r °"^ f 'T '"' ?^ '«=«<»' *h»t ™ have been 

CtS Sr»X^^ '"™' ■™*" ""^ ""«" «• ~i^ 

Mr. SoLtiTAN — ^Yet. 
o«mo?^I*aL^°^ J™,„»-Unle« you get them within the ™dm you 
Mr. |m-uvA»_I must apologia for occupying „ lon<r 
^« '™"^'»«»<"^Y<« have not giveruf the 2 Dyer «t 

it ye" ^'^"''^-' '"'™ been applying for the 2 Dyer but I have not had 
n» LoBO Ctaw Jusnc^-Anyhow we wiU deal with that t<^mom>w. 
Adjourned tiU to-morrow morning at 10.16 o'clock. 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 



Third Day— Wednesdajr, 28tli June, 1916. 



M—Uj lords, I had oooduded my obwrvationa when the 



Mr. SOLUT^AH- 

Omut raee. 

in thTl d"™ '^™' Jo'noi— You were going to caU attention to the can 

to "^^j®"^"-*"— ^«'' l>''t 'rill your lorddiip aUow one of my frienda 

The Lord CmEr Jcsiioi — Certainly. 

Mr. MoRQAit— May it pleaae your ktrdshipa; in thia case I ahould like 
to add a few wordg. 

^ ^Ptv^™ '^"^ Jdbtiot— There ia a difBoulty about thia; by the 
atatuto ihere are two oounael aa«gned; if it ia merely to caU attention to 
that part of the argument which had already been dealt with br you 
merely to the caae m 2 Dyer we wiU hear Mr. Morgan aa amietu ^ria \L 
toe matter. 

Mr. SDiuTis— Might I auggeat the true reading of the atatuto ia 
really to provide for the defence of prisoners in certain trials, and one of 
them 18 a trial for treason. There are provisions in the statute enabUni 
counsel to be assigned to the defence of those charged for capital offenc« 
unable to defer 1 themselves. Those who do defend themselves, I submit 
are in no worse position by the statute in not taking the counael aaaisned 
to them, m the sense of assigned counsel only, than one unable to 
aaswn hie own counsel; he ahould not bo in a woiae portion on the 
rftt^atetute* ^"^ "* ^^ 1°"1»1»P» to adopt that view 

The Lord Chibf Josti^b— Whatever «ie view may be ag to that it 
•a unneoeaaary to determine it, because we will hear Mr. Morgan, res^rv- 
ing toat point, and treat him aa amieut curia in the matter 

Mr. SnLUVA»— I am very much indebted to your lordships. 

Mr. MoROAH-.May it please your lordships, my learned friend, Mr. 
SuIUvan, drew attention yesterday to the opinion of the judges recorded 
m 2 Dyer, 13Ib in the 2 PhiUp and Mary. I mibmit the iTnguamrf 
tne charge in that case is most emphatic and does not admits anv 
Mnhiguity. It says "No offence of treason committed out of tl» 
♦i."?"^ 7" *" * •*™ ^ ** "<""»• of *o common law." I submit 
that no lawyer at that time could possibly have come to any other con- 
elusion. I aiink your lordship put the question yesterday aa to whether 
or not we held that adhering to the King's enemy without the realm 
was not an offence at common law. I mibmit certainly until 
ae statute of 36 Henry Till., aid as we contend after .\ 
It was not an offonoe at common law. The authorities on the point that 
an dfen<» committed ouUide the King'a realm and dominions is not an 
offence at conrnxm law, and if it ia an offence ia not triable hei«, an 



Sir Roger Casement. 

o«r^h.toa„g. .ad no ,«di..J Uwy« would com. to «.y ,tb« «.„. 

Mr. MoBoAN— And triable herat 

without the LumrS,e,tetute^?1rerrvnr"' °' ^"T'" oonmiitted 
exact language heforemT but it „,^*7 ' "^ •°- ' •"'™ "* *• 

by . "U""""^-^"* *^ «»-* ""• "een .tatutoxy^^ence. decla«d 
«de.iJ;hTtbSn»'°'"'^'^'* ' ""' *» ■"- ». have you con- 

Si* M^„ CHm iosTioji-Under which .tatute i. that? 
Mr. MOBOAN — The 2S EHwurri iii '"V^"' '■ ™aii 

oj Unu^on about " within ^JZJ^'^ i;^^^^"^^^^^' 
AoooS:g^V?^^---J^J„*>J-^ the effect, 

be thit. notwithrtandW th^r'the ^Z.tJ,^^'^'^ ^'^^ "^ *» 
able if committed witZt the ^ ^"^ ** *^*"* ""^ P^**" 

Mr. MoHOAN-WouId be or would not be? 

Hie I«BD Chm, Jothob— Would be. 

Mr. MoBOAii--Before the 35 Henry VIII.? 

^e LoBO Chuf Jnsnoi^Tea 

Mr. MoBOAN— No; certainly not. 

mre*^w,^T"™ror"iSti:„Tr^.'.n;sL'' z' -r '«»• 

connection with the definition of «.™r^ '^"^ withjn the realm " in 
to hold that Parlia,^:frh^ IJSTS' ""^ "^"1!'°" '* ™- oP«» 
compaMing the King's death the frt^ that a. regards the offence of 

^cord^ag to English common'rw'^ali^cS^f'isToc:^""**'' ''*"' *»* 

«oe^tfrur'drwr^'2S:'^'> ^eiiS' '''^"'^' *"■ ^ - «» - 



Morion to Quash Indictment. 

by jury t>ken b/medi»yl? ?awv^. Lw^* "^.^ ^ "" "•' •' «•» 
other ianoluiion Coffin J.TI' *?*' ""'"''^ •>"• "'-n* «» any 

o, n^hbo^r^at^. twTole'V~"nrthr,er ^ ^''•^ "' " ^"^ 

y^^V to (Sn^ in hL'S^ ?"•■ ''«»"» I <^^ attention 
tte oontrary. ^^*^ ""^ "■"<* " ™Portant upon the point to 

Ifcv MoMAN-Jaay I adt that pawaget 

King'g enemy and aim fn, ^™I^t. • ^? '„. ** " adhering to the 
tb,e'^a«ag,'l S^ye-teJ^™"""^ *^ '"** »' "''«•' ^^-O"" That i, 

«■• P"T^ 'Vl^ N„^ C4 Vpil^i. ""* *^*^ "^^ «' 
what you were a» g^ P'"""* •^8^8* to the oontrary of 

" before the making of the .tatute of Cr» ^tt***? ' 8^* ^"^ 
" manner and in what Xe Wh ^L^^ VIJI. chapter 2, in what 
" be tried." ^ '^ *'*"°° '^™» »"t «' the realm wa* to 

i.ho^e':?en^'tru'^eJ' ""^ *" °««°"'- ^^^ ""'y ■>-•«<-» 

Mr" &'/rj~^'"^'' yo" 80 °» ''i* th« Pa.Bage» 
pa^g-^ru-ll^,'-",— i ZettTth*: -58'renemie., .m- 

death outaide thfril w^ ^ih ^^rmtht Uw^Tr^ *'\^"'«''' 
there were no word. " ;„ *i,. _, i .. . ., . * '*" ™ treason, becauae 

waa no powe"to°^any"t,X>" " "''""^''«' """ "^'""^ *^»* ^^ 
Mr. MoBOAN— I said before the 36 Henry VIII 
Mr. JusTiq, HoRMnoE^That is later still. " 

or "without the kin^^ anywhere; ,t does not i«y y-hether within 

Mr. Wo. Ho^uno.^'n.erefore there wa. no tre.«,n at that 



■ir: 



.kti 



-i 



M 



Sir Roger Casement. 



Mr" J!,^°^n' ^*^ ""«* '■""'^ "hethw there wm 
that ^^^^°:r^:^^'^^'^'{^^"'p^*^ out WM 
tre«o» oo'mSd outaiTSB^eZ *^" «• .uoh thing, m 



the 38 Hem7"vnr~iS;;re".^ri; "'I"° **' "? ^""^ '"• «<« 



— w 1 1 V Mtl jr Tin, J 

»(f to the King-, enen^e.: that mu.T^.V'^i'^^!' ?<" "*" *» •<Jh« 



tj» High^Coit o?P^U^t"^'h7';^7,t™,"-. « HaCt.1t. in 
know no authM-ity on the ouMtL^f ! volume l, page 238: "I 
"than the High Court of P.r?Z^f *?^" '»'■ »ther «ntenoe. 
lTieonlyjuri«Jictiontob^6xe"u^^' °', *'"' ^^'^^^ ""» «""•»••" 
before the 36 Henry VIII ZT. ■ u*"°'!'.*"'<"^thout the realm 
the jurirfiction of Se aLtTC *'* J»ri«Iiotion or 

what"'^""Se^I^:^J^''* " ""«t -onn, peopfe thought. B^ ^ 

.x«pf4e"Z}:iS'«^,^^ 0- not give ,„«.^^ 

tnal for adhering to the Kin^^ -^IT '*-.,^">'^ Coke', authoritiee for 
ParUament which, „ my l^LT^L '"!'?* *^« ««1" are ca«, L 
recite the word " t«a.^'^"tXlSeT^ Z r*"'^^' **<> •">» 
of treawn: " And others, fiat it wal tri.w iL^ *^^ "* ""t case, 
'that oounty only wherein the oflZerh^l^^™^ ^' indictment in 
fame to look up the authority dLi^^d I do^oi^n' I *"?'*■ ~* ^ 
" «ure y it cannot reawnabty bedoStod " ?hL^ "''** '* " = " ^"t 
which i. dead againrt him-^ but Ztt^ ~f ?°u> '^"^ "yer "lb, 
for it cannot be imaZed ftatl^ ^J" *^"* f»"» ™y » other; 

be wholly di.punishable, a. it miirt^tr iJ ^^ord III., rfjould 
"triable." TOa? is Bimpy an idr^n^L^"' '' '* 7«~ °o way 
^-d. and »y. he ™^nde.tnd"rr«,uldt.rh::n Tthe'^f 

Mr! ^Z.^lrST^^'V T.™*^^ ""■ -^-ty- 

Mr. JpsTioB AvoBT-ilt i.*^^^ »P«ulative parage, 
judgment. " " °»* " -moommon way of eiprcing a 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

^ ^^^^'S^:^ that grt o»«r tUe pUin word* of tU lUtutot 

S*MoS?.?^ '"'"W-I agree that it cnnot. 
ing whom S^» '"'^.v*" *5?'* '"tkoriti- »« bwed upon Coke, regard- 
iuokiS^ -!S5^'*'"„*^''* '''' authority on matter, of legal U.t«^, 
«?ttfwar^SSi w?L"^1r *' ''" «t'««'di'»rily di3e.S? Jnd 
•ame^irho ^^ Tw* ''*,^'^ *??* *«> "O"!' '"ch mean th^ 

he h-^dSL'^^^^to-r ^^».^r " '*^""' '•-* 
^SH-^r w^ -°=^r-^^^^ 

^ 4oT„a^' iij" i*3VoTr?;r • *^* '~"«' - *«»"' «»»»^'«*^ 

autho^^hilit^^^tS^.d'^^.^^^J"' "'''"^ -^ "»«"« 

:s.t^»s:^T5'i^f^'vs^* i^-^te^/i^wi^^r^tiT^^t^i 

wa. W^ ^"^ JMTio»-in the oa«> in Dyer what woa being dieoa«ed 
l^M <»" '" *° »» tri«». "t wither the oSrcS'^hTw 
lb*. HoBoiK — ^Tei. 



• I 

•i 



Sir Roger Casement. 



Ti^ A.*^ "^""'..'•' *"» '•'•» J»» ""d Aortly to U1-" And 




S; L^'J^'i' ""* *^«t*»"t«; tli»t » i^ whole Mint. 
vT £^ '^ JD.n(»-The (tatute of 33 Senrr Vftl I 
it ^°^^^r^-^ "tatute of 36 Henry toF 
.pp.^tl/*"' '^ ""^-No. it i. 33"ien,y VHI.. chapter 2,. 

Mr T™™?tV""' J^iJ^ *^ authority i. purely .tatutory 

the .t ute Tphmrr^IJ: ^ P^"* 1^7^" di-P^^B'- whether 
Till. "^ ^ "^ repealed the proviaion. of 36 Henry 

^ ^pS""^**' ""* ""~ *"« '- «« ■^*«™'" " I-rf^tly clear 



Pleai nf *».« r~,-,. A / TJ^. . " "-*** ' "uututea and to Hawk 

Mr 1|o^°' ^* rti '"'*'?''r'«« to whioh we have been referring 
• • - , S^r;S?.L*^."ei"""' ™' ^eUvered before Coke lived. 



It 



Theee annotationa are added by the 



la in the reign of Philip and Marv 

autjior of the report*. ^ 

ib Mmo^i" T*?""^ !" annotation* with reference to it. 
^ lZIw i^ll"*-!^"^ ■" "S" *" ™I»rt them. 

yon. are quoting it i., ,.j^, the offend exia^ryf :arro;i:!'t 

Dyer, whatever it mav eav about t>.« .Si ^7 that this statement in 
treaain oommitt^"bre^ ?. ™ite tmnW* '" *''*. »^' »° *<> 'P«»k. «« 
that treason ooZ^t?SLdrM^t^*"H"i*"r^?'^* "^ Coke. 

'" x^"" !ri s-.y the%r^r?.'^s^e"rth''a'?' '^''' *^*^ "•" 
it 4^ mTa'^eS;.'^tforrat%^\^r " ":"*;. '^^ "■- "- 

diito!ent ooniraoti^t "5 w« tbr„w^i P?*?" ^ '*°'* »' <l>^te » 
"t™.*» which con^irt. by 26 Edwtl m ob^w°, *"' i^' .'P^i" of 
"inng'.eneniie..n.ght^^lf^:;^&^*«^^-^^-.2^ 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 



" Lj'^f»*i*i*°*^'*5 tU rule* A th. common Uw, .Ithough the ud 
Md comfort wu afforded without tho realm." It doo^ not «t withoirt 

.„»_?• 1 ; i V ■"" •""* whether you we my point, my loid. I 

w^t the realm, not without the King', dominion.: may h«e b«nwS 
iS^A« K*""? t 3.» Henry VIII., hut they do not «y that treara 

r^t^ lint ° '°'°'' "* ?•" "''"» *^« P*'"" "itin EngUnd adherS 
^n.W.^riL^.r^.SnJ'^ ""^ "'' "■"'■"* - "- o""' 

of£fmria=!-?r.^L'*«?^^^^^^^^^^ --^ 

your contention mu,t be, before the .tatute of Henry Vlll.. tre«on c^ 
nutted outjide the realm, not the King-, dominion. 
th« ^" JX°r~'v*?-"'"^? *" **"*• ""» "^"d of caw of adhering 
» Ayjjottw. It might be that he tend. letter, or intellieenoe « aid ti 

wLrir^lf^c^^i**^/"*"' ~™*^ ""* P»^y without dii. country 
.,ZX Jk.X . of adhering are caM. of that character. ThereforTl 
.ubnut thatfthat caae bear, out my contention 

j„.^'- ''!!!r? H.°™n>OB-Th.t i. the anawer Mr. SuUivan gave yert»r. 
ttif i^. '^ '"' **""<» between the King', doiunioLTand 

. ^5--«'^^w ""^P"*.^ '''^** » *"e™"t point, and it .eemed 
a good dutmction; that wa« what Mr. Sullivan pointed OTt yerterday -rou 

tto realm, and, neverthele.., the adhering to the King", enemy might be an 
act committed withm the reahn ; that may be quite Correct 
«», I™; ^^? HoHRiDOB-I am afraid I have not foUowed'thc other pdnt 
you «6 tiTin^ to make-the dutinction between the King", dominion. 

SSl^T^ "."t*^ ■*\*",^ "' ^^^ ^"- J *e" y" <»ndidly I have ^ 
followed It, and I do not know now what it i» 

point'tdf b"^ m7S:n^'S"y::te°r?a;' " """"' '""^"^ - «» 
fectly'^unniaSi!""'^'^'* '* ""'''**<' ^^^-^^ a, being a per- 
Mr. MoROAK— Doe. not that contention .dispow, or I wiU not wv 
d«po» of It, but harmoniee Tho King v. Pl<JvdthtiU case of Dva?^ ' 
y,^ ^ * .rf ^'"'"^-Speaking for mywilf , I think if aU you 
had to meet was that sentence in the 1 Leach, The King v. Piatt I do not 
ttink It 1. agamst you. I thought that Mr. SuUi^ hadertabUAS 
that on that nntonce. "" uau enaouwea 

Mr. MoBGis— Then I need not labour that point. 

r».«^' J^r'"-j°°T""^^'^* ^** to be », you must a..ume a. 
reg^da giving aid and comfort it eii.ied before the .tatuto outud. ll. 



Sir Roger Casement. 

*»^oni; tb. point !■ XportlStL^mirL^ri^.^ ''*'*« «»» 
•• thing. w«n tU, couM SotW«rSr»??.***"^?( '» "»"* HI., 

•n indictment for trauon wittinlh.^™?.' . '*"»*• •»»• mpportwi 
"pport^l ,n indiotm;r^?o,^S^"*™^»"',«»,t it ««ld mS hiti 
Hinnr Till. *" oomptMing outnd* th* dominkmi tUl tb* 36 

S* i?" Caw Joram-ii.t uniM tb. point 
Jfr. MoBOAN-Doe, it. my lord! '^ 

.ttribj:d'r«:;'^"i?r ssur*'*" -■ -'-' - 1^. „..„!»» to b. 
^^u^zt^'^Xs]^: wo;%6-H*^ '^,', tb^ w. b.^ to 

o««iioe of ,uoh a ihinw^that «™^j, ?™^ ^"'- t™"™ *•• an 
ti» dominion., quite r^JoJ^wt Ttb^^i^Hlt?^ "'"^ •*«"'^ 
tt oJfenoe at oommon lawl I "u id<^.^™*f, f'.?*'""" "'• 't wm 

The Lord Chiif Jomon-A. 1 ™^^^ *" "•»* I*i»*- 
with reference toXt ZSTto HaTfS?*^ *l P**^' P«ticubirlT 
b«« regarded m . cSTTiuob ^S,^^!^* °*^i!' '* •*°»*» >»'• 
«»h exceptional gravity <^d ^^*Tt f"'*^' "<• • «ri»» of 
genera^ rule of tl^ EngUri, cSi Iw Sa!^.n • "■ ^""P*'""' *° th. 
the point. ' wiuunai law that aU cnme ii local; that i* 

Mr. HoBOur — Qiiite. 

pivinlf'a J^w^l'ntrnrtrrS «;• So^^« y^^T to h. 
fo»l v«>ue of it. CaiSt. rf' ^l^/t/il^ there coulJ be no 
•wane that the oflenoe can eSat aM^Zwi "'' the oaie in Dyer both 
would anawer hi. ai^unTt « to^ ^^irh;; ^ '""^ '"^ "^ 
«»o«u» there wa« nb renuerthw h^T^J^ k' *•" *"* "<* triable, 
« to which it i. very d^ubtf7 wl^V^*^ ~^° *«*»• «i^i 
•^o^" the eriaten^of H^ ^'^*^"« » power to t^r-tb^ 

^t.au'-^°:r;nS.\?5;oi"4%X\ur'^5 •"' ' -»«<• 

Uw in the abwnoe of atatute ranX T.!;™^^ i" v"" "•*«"» »t oommon 

attention to a book likeiS^b^d i?,!f T"*^ "^"^^ ' """ly^w 

ft^page S3. " The na^SSoT rf <J7'p "V1»^ »' « vCJ^ 

territorial, and no per.on'3^to W^ fo' S"^ »' ~™»° !«» i^ 

"land abroad except mder tte mth^Wt, . !S °**'"* committed on 

~y. the wme thing: '■ A^a ^Z'^^J ^ •*•*"*••" Stephen 

jubjecu out of England a^^rt o^i.^f'"?* "T^^tted by Britirii 

" EngUnd." The oSy exCti™ WW '* "^v** "'^'"^ l»w rf 

f™W>le Mid ma«hal,'.^d ??e rtatato^ """ *^* junadiction of th. 

which crime. c<«maitted abroad ^^^yj??L"°'",, " AU caw, in 

" m which .tatutory previd^ht^e 1^ ^^^T**" !"»'"'' »~ «««• 

you look at Jr'X««i V r*. itt„ll!!,''*","*^?,*» that effect." If 

there laid down met e^^a^^SS^jlf ~ ^f* ^'^' ** • 

"iigl. eneption is made to ^^CL^ "* ''^' '»<»'»** 



i 



Modon to Quash Indictment. 

th. Juri.di«tion ol tb* domiiiU or of tlw 8ut2 "««>»• "<*n» of 

Art nukiog it biguay for « New South W»l«^uen to mwrr W»mS«» 
«>»ing tlTMdy aurrrad in th»t Sttta. ^^ •uwrB.n, 

«»* iSl'*!? *^*" Jornqj-Tbere m«im no doubt, you owttialr oMd 
not 1^ th* propMition b«fon> ui, which w« think i. .Unmuir «Dd 
ii quit* ol»r, tLat th.Mn.rd Uw i. that Jl orim. i. UwT^lSr. U 
no doubt .bout tlj.t. iW, .« crtain .xcpZTciU^by^f. 
^rS'„*,?T.'°^ " ";.*'," l-rti'"^ <«• wheU^r t«a.on wi. not »i 

».^.tl^ •• ' ;^.v"'" '"*' •"**■■ **« i°t«rprrt«tion of the word, whiob 

2l«. llf*™ *°i.?' 'M'"' -^ ""• ""■* » ^ Poi-" that w. murt 
»lw.y, come to. .Ithough h«r« »• m.y get mom light by invMtinting 
th. oominon I.w befor. the rt.tut* «io into eii.tLe. ""B""* 

rMr. MoHOAW-Quit.; I .m uldmiing myielf for th. momtnt to that 
t^M. .r^Sf^ i'7 juri.^ction. If „„. hM to oonane on«.IfT 
♦M 1, °r^ °' *^ •*»*"*•, I .ubmit you cannot get away from that. I 
ttmk ,t ,. not without ..gniflcaace that Coke, in quotLg the .tatut., 

h«^lin.~r".v e?"™"* oo «w»» particular head of t«»a«n, though 
he rtiU quote, the Normui French, he deliberately leave, out the w<»d. 

i. . o'f-r''?." J." ^"y ^•* P""''""- ' *•>'"''. to begin with, that 
?lJt ^ indefenjible thmg to do in oommenting u^n » rt^tute. 
ThM^. .c«e of The Kiy y. jrA.««n, in which thi. point wa. «SS 
At page n he iMTc out altogether the fir«t word.. " wittin the raelm •• 
u^^^T^ ""^ remark, if he leave* them out, they are out, which 
w a very eaay way of diapering of the pwage. That i. really .11 I 
tZ Ki^^:. ' P"^™*' ?««■ »h»t your lorddup »id yeeterday about 
iStiS^ ^•■^J?"?'T,' *»* '• "O"! not *"i with the queation of 
Admiralty junwiiotion for the mwm. which your lordihip. gave. 

«ma,k*S,JL°K'''u'*™v'"^ ''y.<J'«™g your lordriiip.' attention to a 



quoted in TUKing v. £y«ft, and it u in'iie Ss'strte iwjirat ^ 

rord., " Be adherent to the Kmg'. 



293. In oommenting on th«e word., ue aonerent to tbe King'. 

" r^*" "" •"' "^'.' ^ ""*«• *■>■' •«"«'•''- " ^o lo^Iity i» anneiod 
to the person adhering, not to the enemy to whom he adhered." 
Aocordmgly, that i> the correct interpretation, and, at any rate, the 
word, muit be underatood to come to thi«, the defendant murt have been 
wiain ttie reabn, or the King', enemies must have been; if it never waa 
Ifl^j a» n»lni It «em. to me to be quite imposrible to bring the fact. 
aUeged in the mdictment withm the .tatute. That i. our oaae I thank 
mdille^M '"'" """"'"Sf *° "^ "> patiently and giving me such 

. "^ ^„?°^. Jnsinp— Before you «t down, if you attribute 

importance to TUK^ng v. Wh,ldm you must make yom^ point a little 
"Hearer to me. I have not followed your last point. 

^^Jf'" j"T^~' ""* '* "n>ply by way of iUustration; it did not 
directly deoide the point. I do not quote that caw as an authority; 

101 



Sir Roger Casement. 



1 



li I 



body; tl«y c«u»t be ^b^lui^l,^^^. tliTL'* •"T**' •» «~- 
«>'*«!jj|7 rul« of <wiutru<*ii^ tb» tut tl ib» eUuM wjordiag to tU 

•«W»t what they do iMM *•* ~™^ '" »>>• Crown te 

th. j^Ts Mr;;;;Si"cte:t.-' •- '■»'-^' '^ •^*"*-. 

^r.Jf<«u,_y«. ^though it i. u;» on th.t point, it «., .^ 
Mr. Jnmci Atokt— " W« •» .i. < 
th.7 .r.. It i. i offono. no* onnl^n^'u^l '' *• '™»»«»rial wher. 

" bot for ti«io, iX^i^l^'-."'^ *'■** no toM duUl be indfetS 
" ind.«J. if it wii^neo^Ur^t tjl " £:' '":^,'*' "^ th. Act, H 
;«ert«t,.uteth.t^r^„',^d^li"^*""y.5'f«''- '«•■"'' *™ 

" '^i\i'ltSSF^'^ St'^^*^'^^"^-'^ "^"^ 

f.T0 " """"-No. I contend it i. not. but h ir«th., in my 

but ^^J^JlZTrJ^^" the w.y to d«l with the point, 
Mr. MoBOAir-Y«,, I wiU try to do «. 

^.at thfr. ti'niTfir «*s^t"'h i":? r^ '^ -^ "-". 

•truction. May I draw attinUon to .k , '^ be opw, to another con' 
judge: "We L of opin'o^tt^?. ^ tLil;^^?^!."^ "' «» '«"»«> 
" to the King", enemie. and if J.^^^^, "',''* ***««» '• »<ihering 

Ireland the State of Frimw iTrL *^ v ^^ ^^ con«uIting in 
the «jhn ,^d tie cneiT. we™ wThout^ ^^- ^^'^l ?" "" '"'"" 

The LOBD Chief JD«nc»-Thfl I °* !? * " ?" '''"^» ?«">*■ 
;:« it were r^^^^'^^Zir^^^ ST'^' f. *^'* 
to the enemie. without the realm " "^"^^ *''»* "e wa« adhering 

withifth^-ix- v;i::t"thTf rtht-r "• •"■* "« '^-«« - 

•tatute, that the defeadaSto mi.tT^^it^^V P*^ oonrtniotion of the 

" "'r^lif *-™^ «" aHtbYn r^* "^ '* «» '^-^ ^ 
lie LoBD Chiot JusTira— Yse 

Mr. Mono^_And the defence wa. that the enemy wa. without the 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 



ntJM. I think i( that cm* if canfttUj ituiiiad it wiU ufftur to 

•upport our ponUon h ragwd* th* ktUr portioii of thit ptaig* to 
whioh m> uttMtaoo wm dnwn Juit now. Mr. Jiutioo Chambarlun goM 
on to icj it U u offenoe Dot oonititutod by itatuta, but an ofleno* at 
ooouDon 1*«. Aa regard* that point he doM not lajr that it waa an 
cAaooa at oommon lair to adticro to the King'* enemiea U the defendaiit 
ai well aa the •ncmie* ware without the realm, and that ii the whok ol 
our poaition. It waa no doubt alwuji an oSeoce at oommon law to 
adhere to the King'i enemiee within the realm. Tbt atatuta ia abao- 
lut«lj declaratorj on that point. The word " adhering " oooura in aome 
of the dd authoritiee before 1351 ; it waa alvnya an offence at eonunon 
law to adhere to the King'a enemiea within the realm, probably within 
the dominiont, certainly within thow dominiona which were Ireland — 
they had the oommon law imported into them. Tliat ia quite a different 
propoaition to saying that the common law took notice of offence* com- 
mitted outside the King'a dominion* altogether, or even that they were 
offence* at uommon law in the abaencc of atatutory authority. I reapect- 
fully nibmit that the ooniideration* advanced yeeterday by my learned 
friend, and thoae which, to the beat of my poor ability, I have tried to 
advance thia morning, are absolutely conclusive against this indictment. 

The Lord CwMr Jdbticb — Do you remember one of the ca*e* in which 
a peraoo was indicted and convicted of treason without the realm, that i«, 
in Ireland I I do not remember where it is, but I have aeen it. 

The ArroiunT-Giirenu — O'Souit'i caae and Perrot'i case. 

The Loan Ctear Jcincn — ^That ia the case. 

Mr. MoROAK— I have looked up the case, but it is very badly reported 
in the State Trials, and I have not been able to find any authority on 
adhering to the King'a enemies. The person, I believe, wai charged for 
compaaainK and not adhering to the King'* enemiea within the realm. It 
ha* been held since Foyning'* Act, *ince Henry VIII., that Ireland waa 
part of th") realm. 

Tile Loan Cmir Jusnoi — It dependa on a different atatute; it waa 
held that was within the realm since Poyning'a law. 

Mr. MoBOAH — It Pemt't oaae occurred, as I think it did, tince 
Poyning's law, Ireland was part of the realm; if Perrot waa charged with 
adhering to the King'a enemy it ia not inconaiatent with our argument. 

The Attornbt-Obiuai, — May it pleaae your lord*hip. It must, I 
think, be long since the greet sage* of the common law have been treated 
in auch large numbers with so much disrespect in any Court of justice in 
thia country, and certainly the assault which my two leame** friend* have 
directed at these greet masters of the oommon law waa by j meana, as 
it seem* to nae, the fruit of caprice ; it waa necessary :o the bold contention 
which they proposed to lay before your lordship; it was necessary that 
they ahouid discover one method or other of criticising all theae great 
au^rities, household name* in the hietory of our jurisprudence, because, 
by a singular accident, all of them were unanimously opposed for a long 
period of years to the contention* whioh my learned friend* have been 
driven to put before your lordship in this matter. I do not think that 
my learned friends will dispute that they owed the inception of this 
o(Bitention and many of the argument* by which tliey have aought to 

UK 



! i 



m 

> it 



I 



Sir Roger Casement. 

of the deoiiion, whioh oonb«t V '*u *" '^°"° y"" lordAip. <rf J™ 
l««ni?d friend, Mr sST™ t?;*??"™"" in«ivertoatly i£ie b^^ 

•aention to m»„y ^eh^ '"*°^ ' »««°t«». «"d al«> your 10,5^.^ 

irt of cMe, in which thi. matter h J W,^* ^' " ">" t»k« ^e 1»K 
"dToate, ., far ». I knowTinL .hM ..•T"''"*^ ^e™ ha. been nl 
ejM- been bold enough to put f«nJZ »l* ^"^^ "' «'<"6 ««. X^h» 

lonWup., proceeded many time. .in^rTti, ^^ . "*• " ' wiU ahow voii 
«» ^tute ha. that ^Z.tiTeZl^'°^r^ ITl' " - "^ ^^ 

^«™d fnend pointed out, ttat it ii.SST'L'"' * " '^«^, a. mr 
^r ?*«»" «i.t the rtktute of M^ij%'?"!f -"^d in oo^de.3 
mthontatiTely rtated to be dedantarr of«,. ^ "T" repeatedly ani 

^^w'crh-^-r^HSiS"^"--'-^^^^ 
SK"»ii?ot"L-r^3r/^^^^^ 

a» law of treawn depend., Z. .e^"?™"' *^? «>°oeption upon ,h™ 
th«.noept.onh?.beenUuit^™ '^a once fte ground, u^ whJ^ 
oem that allegiance, that imoalD.^u . i , *° "^ *''e law ha. alwa™ 
o^neot, the object, ^ti ft/l^ "tf^"?** indefinable idea whS 
wherever that .ufifeot KOMTand .fc ^l " «*^ed by the wbieot 

a per,onal tie bindS^tHuWi t ttl'S '^^ ■""'^* »i»"™- Itll 
^f ."""fiyence. wf ereveJSf .uW«^ ^r"*'^; ""* P'^^ding oertaiL 
will, I think, make it oU,, _fc ■" ?°"> ""> a moment*. Seflerfi^n 
H^nty that i,™::,d'*b:'Ze 3J:i.^"!.»..^f«!i°» with m^^aJ^r."^?*:?" 



IM 



' -^ «>« «"»^-' hi^r^LrLTr^»'h.*j: 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

SST-^^SS"* ^ ?• *°°™°° 1»* of thi. country ooold htm excluded 
toe oonoeptim th»t treawD or uti of tnuon, wtether oompa«u« or 
•afierenoe, which were committed irithout the realm— I «aid. a m^nt'e 
obewrotion mu.t make that plain when one ia dealing with the aSair. of a 
^S^l P"^?!^'/ o' »° "»"•«• Power, auoh aa tbi. country ia. It ia. I 
ISL,^™. °"^" r*^*"* *■"*• ""Pt in the ca» of a^ual invarim, 
traitorou. acta, acta of treawm, certainly acta of adherence to the Kinit*. 

^S'ttfL'f T" ^7 ^, f» onlin"? «>»"» to be committed 
without the realm than withm the realm; in other worda, the King'a 

Z^^",^' '°"?~ """""^ ""* »''"<"" <«»" °f adherence, except in 
foLdZ^trT"' "f^ f"e »« they are in hi.tory, are likely to be 

SS <^n3 La ?T°S '*'' ?* *"' ~"°''7 '>»d Pe^itted a .ubject of 
to thT^^tr, ,^^*°,*^* ^"^"^^ ^ **"« P*"™»1 '» <" allegiance to go 
S>,nl ?.P which for » many centuriee wa. an enemy of Siis country; 

«»oede tiiat although the per.o ' tie of aUegiance had aubaisted during the 
P«wda during which theee aot .f adhered were commitW, yet if the 
jyZJl ™,""n"'al law of thi. country no violation had taken phice 
f jSir ^' ^^ ^ *^' >" ™ undi ,ood at the time. It wovdd! 
I ^n.< l«o jnoonceiyaWe had such a doctrine ever been held 

..HWit your lordahipe m a moment that not only haa no high 

auttonty ever «,d that to offence wa. not reoogni«d L an offence !t 
c^on law, but that the whole t.«id of auSty i. in the oppo«te 

a atatZ" 1*^1,*° ""^ "5 obaervation upon the aUtuto ot Edward III., 
J^^ u "^.H™ "^ dedaratory of the common law. My learned 
friend, dealt with the rtatute of Edward III., if they wiU allow me to Myio 
S Zn::^^ 'I- ' *^^' » "'"» Perfiictoryf cpecially havin^^^d 
LJ^ 5?"^?° °' "o™ />tt«- branch., of their^^rgiinento. ^ey 
a«nuned rather than argued that the .tatute of Edward in!h^e meaniag 

™^I.^?:'**t?^*l *° -P"* "P"" '*• I '™'»°i»i ^ th» other ^anTto 
yo^ lordAip. that the yiew, which have been unanimouriy held by the 

V^lj^it" "P°° "^ """^^ law a. to the effect of the statute of 
Edward III. are not only well founded, but they are the only view, irtich 

Ta^^ '' "°* "^^ *^* '""^'-^ o' *^o "»*»*«^ b^ Idr^irf 

lorAiW™ J^i '<»'*'"P»> «> good a. to look at the word, which your 
tordahips reooUect are at page 1031 of ArohboldJ I ought perbapTto 
Tto^Sc'^tSr^ ob«rvation. that in dealing with a elf tute » rie^ 
^t^i.™ ?f r T}^^"^ '•'''* " '^fo™ yo"' lordahip.. one doe. 
not always adopt all the ume standard, of grammatical w^natrucb^n 

"^^a mtnT'T "" "''"""'■ "' ^ing ^George V^ TTieir^re Z w^° 
'•^^.^Tf^rt!'^-''^ *^""^ "Flf'^^ the King in hi. realm or U 
"Z^^ in *!?" ^''^* T"^?" '" •■" "«^> P""K to them aid and 
'■^»^ ^ ^i,'"' «'*?•'"*. """d therefore be probably attainted 
(rf open ^ ^ the people of their condition." Tho« are ^ 
material words, lie .ubmi.sion which I make is that the vi^ of th^ 

0^1 °^T^' ''*". **' *^"« ^■•'i" contemplated and covered tite 
offence of adherence without the realm are weU founded, and, .^Tha™ 

lOS 



.' II' 



iM 



Sir Roger Casement. 



"giving" aiid«her1ir;„rf .^?i^„^»l'y ? " •«'"« «» worf 
."aid ,^d comfort i^aeT^ ■■^•'' *^* P^T* u'^"°8 »" *^ 
m other word., we« in brH^'. t^H^^'^t'-'ul il"*/",""' 
war aeaiuBt our LorH f)i« iri.,» ;. i^ i , "' " * °'»o do levy 

" enem^ in ^^ fJv^i:''til'^ "^ be adherent to the King^ 
"etaewhere " mth.„lS;i ■ *° l"*"^ »'" "d comfort in the realm) or 

tho« wordi " <« ha^fhe^t^ ^'^""T^ *.'i* "»-' *» P"' "I"" 
" King', enemie. in h"t^" IZ^ ^ P'"^' ** """""t *» ^ 
man, ,nch iTtte^^J^'l .^i'^f *^ ""^ " '«'* % the draught* 
•"largement of tie pK' whLh™ birfS". SI^ T' !^P'«''t"™ <" "^ 
" to the King'. enemU« " and he tt^ ^.l *^^ P*"™"* *» adherent 
" aid «.d coifort Hhe reahn '- S^*^ **" PJ^T " ^^''^e *» *»««" 
addition to the phra» " bT^^renTiX^* "?''''' "^ <^'«"'''e~ " an 
I have ventured to «ubmitto^«rflM- f™* ' *°*™«« "> J^ «alm." 
con^otionHt h T^ » ^Z ^^'^' *?** "" •«" »°'y « «a«n.ble 
light of the general SderetZ wl^^ ^l* •***"V' " » "'«>'« i° t^e 
.hipa on the^miSLZ b^ore th^attij*"*"™ *" '"^ '»''*~ 7»" '""1- 

The LoHD CWf Juanc^-Mr ItJ^I^' ' "ff"'^ conatruotion. 
of the conrtruction, toW^he ™!r^'J'°?" l°" ^f,'^* ** *^'» ^'^ 
govern both the adherinrto uJ^c'. ** '^'^^o^l niay they not 
elaewhere, and alsTrivb^ to ^.Jt ?/ ^°"" '"*'''° *>" '^•"° <"■ 
ehe^rtmreJ *^ ^^ *''*°' ""^ "-^ "'"'ert in the realm or 

oonduaiin which foUow. f^^l^ ^J^' '"^P* " *^ '^'■- The 
"'""^; »- ?ie XrTy V^^^U^ ™" "" •-» ™"<«-r 

««Im. I do n<; CJ'^why itXdd^fh.^ **n ^'"^'i "«"^« » «^ 
«alm when in an iXd i/^ nZf.^L^^???''.'"' "*™<» "'t'"™* «>« 
be found without ttV^to P"''**''"^ «* ^^"'S'e enemiee will mortly 

*^^,2e^ZZ^Z^:^^^^^*'^<^tos.^. A»mning 

giving of aid Z^S^X\^:Z^.:^it'J^T^ f"" ■#'* *^« 
your ™hmi«ion to adhe-on outoide Se rethn ^ ''*""'' '^'''"« *» 
be.™ in ^^.iSr^f.JnLiS ™ *? P«* added force if on. 
"oMnfort" are reauTalare^he^ Z"^ ^i-'"* ^ *^«° "« «"* 
adhering to the ffine^. enS If "^ de,"nbing what i. meant by 
~emto^mea.at^elo^rr fneoei,^™ ™;d ,t in tha^ ™y i* '->"ld 
d.«n^ve word.; y^ ,„ deali,^'"^^, f^r^^^^*"-" "d the 

' -^ £SF^I-^« '^ Wg rwr »>- '^ -- 

rhe Um, anr Jc»iioi-'n,at i. ,]«, ^%k. 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

The ArtOBmr-GmnKiL — I do not mind -which of thoM views i> taken. 
Mr. Justice Homuso*— The quotatiao from Mr. Juctice Willee merely 
leave* that out, and makes it govern the adherence. 

The ATTOBNBT-GBnui, — ^Yes. As to the position in law whidi 
followed upon the passing of the statute of Edward III., it aeema to me the 
pusage quoted from Hawkine— I apologiae to my learned friend for 
mentioning euoh a* authority — is veiy apposite. He sayi on page 306, 
under " Indictment," " It seems to have been a great doubt belote the 
•• nuking of the statute of 35 Henry VIII., chapter 2, in what manner and 
" in what place high treason done out of the realm wa» to be tried. For 
" some seem to have holden that it waa triable only upon an appeal before 
I' the cansta.ble and marshal ; others that it might be tried up<Hi an indiot- 
" m«it, laying the offence in any coimty where the King pleased; .and 
''others that it waa triable by way of indictment in that county only 
"wherein the offender had lands ; but surely it cannot i«esonably be 
" doubted but that it was triable some way or other." I think my 
learned friend called this the cry of despair, " for it cannot be imagined 
" that an offence of such dangerous consequenoe, and expressly within the 
"purview of 26 Edward III., should be wholly dispunishable, a* it must 
" have been if it were no way triable." 

As I understaud the significance of this passage, it is very great, 
because between the statute of Edward III. and the statute of Henry VIII. 
the learned author, who had been giving great attention to tiiese matters, 
says that there were great doubts. But what did the doubts rebte to I 
Did the doubts relate to the question whether high treason done out 
of the realm waa an offence? He does not enumerate that as among the 
many grounds of doubts he thinks it worth while to call attention to. The 
loubte were as to in what manner and detail high treason done out of the 
,«alm was to be tried. He gives various views that had been held by 
various authorities. " For some seem to have holden that it was triablo 
II only upon an appeal before the constable and marshal; others that it 
" mi^t be tried upon an indictment, laying the offence in any county 
" where the King pleased " — ^that is, leaving the King to choose the venue 
where the offender had lands. He states in weighty language his 
oonclumon, "That it vas triable some way or othor; for it cannot be 
" imagined that an offence of such dangerous consequence, and expressly 
"within the purviow of 26 Edward III., should be wholly dispunishaUe." 
So that the high authority of Hawkins says again, in the plainest possible 
way, in this statement, which is not in the least an answer, but a positive 
conclusion, that high treason done out of the realm is eiprMsly within 
the purview of 25 Edward III. 

The Lord Caia JnsTica — Is there any auiliority of which you have 
oognisance which says that if high treason is committed without the 
realm it is not an offence at common law? 

The Attoknet-Giwiral — No, and I may boldly say there is none. 
The LoKD Cmsr Jvsticb — I know of none. Even in the case in 3 
Dyer, to which reference is made, it was assumed ttiat the doing of the 
act is an offence. All that it does is to say it is not triable by the 
course of the common law. 

„ J^ ATTOBsiiT-GBMBAi/— Tee. The emphasis is on the word 
triaUe " in that connection. I will come to the case in Dyer later. 

107 



II 



1;! 



Sir Roger Casement. 

~tr.^, the partioulJlS irtX™ J^JT""'' thew may be to^n 
-^' ^.. it ; .e . .. aX^S t^:^?^-".,^^^ 

had ariHo in the langZ^T^f^f '^'''Sr *^ «>«. namely, that doubt. 

^r^ th«e «<toittedS:ztrri:t«te :,'«* *"* #^A ^'^^^ 

«d I may remicd your lordahin. .. T' ^, "' ^'""7 ^111. wm paned • 
that rtatute diould W bwTS:,.^*'"^"'' " «dditional leaajT^; 

King HenrF VIII .11 w^j « oomtruotive treawna in thT ~.!^ ? 

d^t wHltTio t^e^^Ar^Ltt^rr''"'''?' ^te'^enTa.Td' 

W« 1032 of Archbold. ^ C SZ^ <>f,dialmg w,th them. That i. at 

'broad." "' "««« '". Venue for treasons committed 

The IiOBD CbOT Tit»»~ m. .... . 

Act oonoeming th» wTrfLi?* " """ '° Arohbold, but it i, " An 
"Majert^.domi^oSi:.. *^"°" committed out of the Kin^ 

;; ^r ^^d-^oS^-S-tu-L-rS 

„ by tte common law, of thi feilm ^^ ' -""i" »' Engl^dSannot 
^ed within thi. hi. Ud «S^„5'p""','^ "/■ '■^"d. and det^rl 
„«der,.and d«la«tia„ <Cin to be w »''?<' '' '^ 1.?'"° ""o^J. 
Mthonty of thi. p™«nt RuSament tW ^ ™^' "* '* '""ted by 
,^^y nude, declared, or W'ter^V.^ T"*'" •" "»«""• ^ 
„^the la,. „d rtatuti. <>» S^'-Sto to ^*f ' *" "*'^'«'' ^y^ 

„mtted, or hereafter to be ^^t^t^^' P^-Tetrated, or oom- 
per.onorperwn.outofthi.Srf^l?*^' r„«>">n>itted, by any 

Bench for pie., to be holden before hfrn^W v '"<' J"'*'<=" o^ hi. 

before mich commJMionem .n,i ;„ v f. "'* *°d be kept, or ehe 
a-igned by th. W^XS^." '"*•'*.'«' "' '^ ««lm « ehlu b^ 
men of th^ «me^A. ifSe^^Trn T"* "^ 8°^ »1 '"^ 

of trea»n, had been donT^^ST.". *^''.»' " ""-"alment. 

ahire where they .hall be » iS^' f t ""T"**^ "'""■'• 'be .une 

afo™«ad." It U worthy of S li!""'.?"* ^tennined a. i, 

•tatuto aupport. tie view which -. i ^' P*™?!*' *hat the form of the 

0^ ~ long a period'J Sl^V^'t^^^ t'tol""" r" """^"^^^ 

be^^ .t p.^ to be a deeUration^tVpSp:^ T^^g^ d^r^ 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

- *° "* "Ode of the tri U.ndX'i^e '* '"^* "^ '«« 

«»«ding to the law of En^LnS \e o^^^'Jl- "^ ''' """'"^ P^i<b»hh 
the ^on, where were you to t^y hi.^? '^ ^ "^°'' ""' " y" •"<» got 

"Ji I h.te™h™the'''Si^'J'\7 STr ~r.'r*'» »o thi. nmtter. 
mdurtriou.andj^r.ev.^ginthei^'^Lif™?,'';^'''''' "•"> «« t^ 

whatewha, been throwi upoTt^vL ♦w\'^'" '° "''^h any doubt 
"^' .«d I do not think C le^rarf friL'! '" ^ °''»«*'- ' ^now of 
attention to any. ' learned fnenda are m a po«ition to caU 

-J^^'l^n.'S^ l^'^^Z^.C ''''^- *^« o-ly -«J. that 
ipked upon, ■' Beoauee no'^enw of^^"" '*''• • ""** "» «>« "^ 
w« triable here by the oom^ rf L^™ committed out of the mdS 
..'enUrge. the powi and Verity orZL^I' ^t^'""* '^'- *^ 
Pomt." It Mams that it ia an ofl!™, * "' ."' *■>« "^olm in tbii 
r»lm, but it .ay. the dIffloul"j.\°*^:^ "T?,* '"»«'° without tte 
' Z'*'* " *® offence to be tei«i '^^^''K *» *"» courw of common 
. The ATTomdr-GBHEBAi,— That Ji^ *i,. _ 
It «worU. noticing ^a^J^V^^,. "T *^»* ^awkin, take., 
undentand tha very An^\^Z.^ ^^' *^ chaise in auestinn .ri 
net. I think. 4r~nS'^tnT^e"i„STi''' ^^'^'-'^^^^Tik^i 
Wow. The conolu«on. I tl^' fe.*^! *^ ""nolu.ion i, give^ 
^ of the page. "And fTr fte^ a^^* '^'^. ^^ frcT^ 
Baker and Hare, Ma««r of the S. Z. 7^ 'k,^* ^"''««> Sir John 
„ a. above, and bv the word, abwe aZ^itTf "l^' ""* *^«y thought 

-^hef«, them, and the 4«olu:iora^.r^ttr^ T^: ^ 

The LoHo Coin' JnnTrim—t* • 
came before th«m. liere ^tte^^?f ♦"T S?"^""' t" oI«erve how it 
the itatute of 1 and 2 PhUio^nf M,^*"**."',,?' Henry VIII., then ^ J! 
a carton thing, " that StLI' h"SteT to ft f^ ""^ hWglSI 
for «,y trea,on diaU be had mSTi^ L^ ** "".i^' "'^'^^. or nude 
ti.^Ti'j:?* <" «" oommonlSCof tS ^L"^"?"* '" *» due ^ 
that rtatnto of Philip and Mary to L^^^' S* ""^ otherwi^," had 
o« 35 Henry VIH. "^ " "*ry » any way repealed or modified th4 efl^ 

di«ujringt **" J™«o.--'n.at wa. the whole point they were 

-r. ,„,«, A.«r-Ile ^ution WM that trial .hould be in th. 

IM 



If 

if 



Sir Roger Casement. 



oountywlwe th, indioto«t ,..; th.t ... th. ooly ««iuti<» tb.t wm 
.— ''^,4™''»"-<'"™»*'^'nuit ii quite true. I do not pronow to 

!!±!T.>i*f?t-? *» ^-f ".•?<»" «-«^i thii I ofn rit oomp:;Sio^' 



Ti«w ot tbe itatute which I am endeavouring to prem upon tout lonkhiD. 

™^^> n""™ ^'^*"'* "'""'«• ^e^^ «" right Inr.«t,n„5 
U^art»C^r-1r.-d;awn'^?iL.^'-"- »'- 

U^^i, of n T ! ff-t'™^- "-"J had «"«<! Kdwarf III., he ™ not a 
liege man of Richard 11., he was onlv to be beheaded K^L X7 Z^- 
Srvi" "feren« to both thoee matC, wl^aej'^e cha^^^a! ?^™ 

SfcaSL"f''th''ev''w*^*^™"" ""M^" «*• "' "dho^n". - ^i^ring 
Hfl«\. ^ -fUT '~"'°? "* ""• '«■* committed in Flandeni. Now 
Hale ha. considered hm case in his Pleaa of the Crown at paW^ieT ^d 
188, and in the second paragraph of 167 he aava " irlnvl r v 

••& ':^d*r"" ^^ot Eng"nd''!n"^ce"b:"t.L'''^T 
*>enoh, and there swear fealty to the Kine of Fran<» if it )Jj„X; 

"te^! K^^ ^ ^ " '"L^'ard, , diver them up, thie ie adheraie 

'■^Z^a^^'^V^.Y^.^ ^"- ^ whfch we« ^Zd^ 

"^ Par rr'2 „ V ^'"^«?«'* ^' *« I-^' !" P«rhWi? 
« j'-L , • ■'■ P- *"• namely, William Weston tn '^ A,.^ 

'/and hanged but exeoution was resi, ted." TTil iTei™ ^jl^ 

;^*£!tpoZnX^roj"ri^^i^^^^^ 

^^ . M war. and the party subject to a sentence of death by mitial law. 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

ituir .^S^'w""^' "^ ''^'^^ *° y»" •""••hip; in term, 
i W iJw^o,*^ *•"■■ "*•' ''"* *•"« >»»»' ""'"I to refer to 3 

indicted jo ntlv with ntii»r. ?„■ Vr; ' • P" l-nomberlain were 
December they trSuJy we,^ JLrinf^ ^^"""^ *5* *"'• o" ^Oth 

without the reiUm in^aW, ' ""^ "'" » »"» »' t™""" 

the cli^oiXp^A^trw'^*™ "- ' "»™'"'° "'y - o- — . 
The Aitorhht-Gbkhbal — Tee 

^£fr'F""'^=^— ^^^^ the 

Tie ATTOB»w-Gia,.Rii_Ifc was not nece^rily, but the f" tT eo far 

aefmve tne Mid King «u,d Queen from their ponewon of the .aid 

111 














dt 


'^^^M 


">1 


' ^^^H 


[ 

',1 





Sir Roger Casement. 

QjS?i^.S^" ' **rr^ from th. foU indictment that it da« tmt 

lie LoBD CmiF JumoB-It ia not irorth pimaing. 

pie AnoBnr-GiimuL— No. Toor lonfchip nAed iome oi«-tl«,. 
^a T'aT' '^''? "'"" with th. o«e Tl>^ ^^'t^ 
fciend, Mr. SuUitm. informed your kadihip of the oewof O-alJL^S 
w« t„«i in 1891, report*! m TstSiX'ji ,t p^TOs'^'^S'ta^ 

v«TOU. overt «,t. «,d ch«^, " edherenofrthe Que^ «e^^ 
' ,S-!5!!i '*. *''• ^'?'"»P °' *»■»» ond PhiHp, King of Spain W 

^ Si^^n? *"'*<f"»'y '«»ived fed, and comforted, „d »ded 
•■o2.n^.? ^ *fere«id SpaniM^. enemiee of our «id lidy^ 
thS^;^^*ilff?!S? •^> " '^^ •»« "••«» of Ireland "iJ SS 

IreUn^a/"^^^ ^Tll^^if ^ ^^^^ "^ «» ~» *»• i" 

"' ^IS-'^'^'- trth:^.^«7?rild"» "-» 
Mr. JnanOT HTOBn)o»-It .aj. " Our Lady the Queen " 

treatS^^'SS^i'T*^"^ *^ <J«*° "f I'^'-"'- " ; but it wa. 
treated a. bemg out«de the realm of England. Then, my lord, the 

irtit^ '.~",' *^f- '" '5»2'. •»P«rte3T4 State TriJ, It Wto^ 
" -IW p . w *^ •'*™ *» indictment. -nie indlotment^SJ»rf 

" SJ^i ^ oTlL" ?,'?^ *~*«»- «g»i»»t the Queen at Dublin, in 

" C^W. -Wk A^ ^^ ^> '^ *«»° of l"'«'"i, compaaeed t^ 

Queen . deatt, and to bring about the oTerthrow of the CbSweelS 

of the rMlm. of England and Ireland," and " That the P™ ^Tth. 

•'fn7thl&''i^r^ "J.T^*" """e^-^ TE'^^.nt 
" fte K^/S%ki?n^ "^ **' ■^^°''- ""*« treitoroue letter. iiSttog 

Ju.tirH,rdy"ht Jt '^""^^^^ «>mn»nt which Mr. 

1691 ^d^j'^il^^T"* " '"" "'"""^ to thoee ««. in 

lie ATTOKCTT-Gnraiui^l think it i> Haigreavea. 
MiJ^ ^A ^i *J^ neit ca«. I aek attention to ia that of Lonh 
M^^kUma^dCoHUmam,. /oA, Staff«rd, and Othn, tried in tt.e«2 
1696 In aiatoaw we have the indictment. That i. a ray cCr ^ 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

rfp^on. but that do., not^^thTtr^ T* "^ ^7^^ ''**^ 
on'rg* of adberinii to the Kin.'. ™! • ^' " "• » ol^r o»» o( a 
w- a oh«T!e ortU>^,^iTe.nT."„:J?rt*^' "»^- •" "r.^ H 

of whether they oommittedi; Xnoe*"'"" """ »%'"<»' the quertion 

M^* ^-^.o^-^^«;iX'"h.- "if !L" '" " «-'»- 

•onmitted an offence I ""^ •" outlawed unka they had 

"r. SmuTjif— Hut u all 

lv-5^ ^uSrUor*^^*^ <"" ■"* ""« «■»"- "xl .ubmit them. 
Mr. SoLLivAif — No 

S^ J^.S^.iri^^'JA*?"" «"«* «>- w«. a oonviotion 
wa. in 1696. °°'™'o»-And ,t show, what the view of the law Ln 

we have the indictmlnT^e ' i^^ci^i." ^^\ '" <*«* ««•, too, 
bemg carried on between PhUii .^Sl,f '?^*. "?"" "^ '<"= wai 
«iemy of the mid King," and "CtS^'^, bv""* '°™»'- beioK an 

••&"g'.enemi„ in f^ p™ ^d%^'/L^'"^J«il'e-«l toVe 
J ^ pan., ana Deyond the aea without this realm 

113 



m 



hi 

if; 

i!i 



Sir Roger Casement. 

•• iTu?^ V- a ^* " * **■" *^*<» •gMnrt th* add Lord the 
"i^h^™^' "^f So-.rMgn, true naturij and undouSid Lord utteriy 

"Uto KinT^'ii^ Tfr^^^v'"! of the reign of the »id Lord, the 

,_ ft^. to wit, ,n th« ,«am of Spain, by force of arnJcT, af^ 
..;?!i;r^3S^:^^',,*'»ai-'l7 ."d tnN-onably w« ^dS 
and awitant to the aame l>hiUp, King of Spiin." Then neai 



'■«^nw l°"^'^- "^i"?^ *^* *''^'"'» ™t ot cauaing to puT Tn 

^U^ie^S^.rSna^r.-rr^l- ^^-^ - o"^ - ^- 

IJe LoBD C^ Juiiit»-He did not apwar. 
outU^/"~^-*^"~*^°« did not appear, and wa. thereupon 
thJ'^jJi!*" ''^ Jmrnot-nat aeem. to have happened in many of 
owghTU™^-*'""^^-' "*™'"y' »"'"• ««y J-PPon to be 
o^J^iJ^ ^/r^ ^" "o*"* '" ^o* »- "-«-' the 
of mX^rS^nl-nSTuV *"""*"*' "'"''"■ '-"«*- 

if a.^w^r^^z^'r^^trsf ^°"" '-'• '-"' •"■'*« «^ 
««ni2rw^™x^^r;;^-' ' *'""' •" »*--•« •* ^d .u th. 

nt hou> Cob Jotik»-P^p, Jfr. Bodkin wiU looli and teU u,. 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 



» tU ooooanwd with a orohM^ !«?? '*»*«*'on wm. 



«m told that 
•nd that tlt^ 



aUtlw 

ip« Arrawn-GiifBuir— Tm 
tl.« JTof "te!;- pt.^ «^j« o" of «m. int.„rt and in.p«tan» 
WiUiam OundeU «a. inrfiiiL / *J^? 'P*«««Miit, bat than ia r™™™? 

1.1. of »v«f «Tr/rvo'°id''<S^"g„';„'t "^-s^^ ra 

•nd a copy of the indictment "'" •"' » "»onl of th. aaaa 

Newgate Calendar, at page 62. I win In *.), "^"I '" »«^''°'» «»•• 
a number of Britiah wilom „jJ!^3 ""'' ""* *''«'* '«««•• " In 1S08 
war in the lalel? T^Z.^'n^Z,:"^-"'"'^'"^ " P~o-»™c* 
„ great y incommoded with ^rt and v.£^ being much crowded, wm 
,>«pmg f«>m .uch inconvSl^ bu^u '?iitl? '»»8 "<> »»7 of 
, practMed by their keeper. tTtedu^ ttt ,? k*""*"""' ""^ "^ *" 
Uie French wrvice. fifw m^n .^ Ai. """"PPy J>™on.ra to enter 
had not virtue enough to rSS'tCSl'^?' '*" Cu»<l.U "d sSS, 
hope of e«aping from liJSISf ^ m^'""'T " '^ '""'J, and £ 
their country and all^nll^^ ?" "^ o" *e other. Th~ fnro^t 
;;.. "ntineTo^^^^&'X wi,"^ °'' *^!«»«"'y unif^^ ^* 
captivity. Tleae trart^™^° th,^ ? ^^^ «»i' companioiT^f 
the .urrender of the i, a^ to tS^^t^v 1" ^""y ^''^ «» IWh unta 
with ten other, poaiti Jy «fi^ to ^ZT' '?,!f ^»*" ""^ 8^*^ 
themwlve. upon the n»«T^ to Moompany the enemy, and thiew 
.urrende^d to the EngSS7,hSe ^liZ'^^S' ^^ i''^'^^ 

, Suney Oourt-houK, February 6a, 1872 'fN*''!^, **?•'' ?•*» »» •!«> 
other, were found guilty of .Vrini to w. nr'^"'^"' S"'*''' ""d «" 
Attomey-General ^.teS tha'he Wht th^"^''.*^'"^"' '!'» »»» 
and tut he w«uU not prj Z convfi* .^l^ "' J"'*'« <**»*»«». 
w." di^iarged, not for*^^ ^nt "f '^f of Sf" ""°?.'''""8 «™' ''^ 
V^^ o' the Government" ^^ °' *^'" «^"*' »»'* thro-gh 

^StK- "^r^-Se'-prtn^'Si r-s-^S te;;,-^^"^^ 

every iMvidJ^^^^^^.^r^^oMU,ti,^iJln; '^^ 

".ne On Monday nS^^g tCl^^ ■"*«?" ^VJ"? «» meUnchoty 

■Md John Smith, p'urroant to l^r Zenr^ '^l"' T'""""" C™**" 

».. a foZTwalT Md in'^tteT""" *" "J*""' the™ ST C,; 
executed *« the oWrt ac,^a.^';,S~X S? T^ oonvi^,'^ 
Mr. Jnanci H<m«ido»_I d^J vT v "'* "' Pnu>o.- 

"-"OB-i do not know where the Ide of France w... 

IK 



Sir Roger Casement. 

-^tiTiSr^""""""^'"""^ — *» '^i' •— •» k7 th. 

th«»Trr Su '~^' •» *»» o~ «n "e it in tb. CJ.nd.r, but id.. 
The Amunr-OimuL— T« 

^lUS^r^'turkM^th^rir «»»«>*'•«<»• «»t if'^p^ have 
S^rt^Bg to £,^^to1? tl^T? ^, '^' ,*'"y "• not in tt. habit 

th. ^ ^J^ i^'^^TL^" •* •" " P-'-P^Ph " 0, 

in J^E^^^^^^'^"-«t ifcwiU- 
in giTing the opinion of the iudm, certainly me. I«,ml^ -v- ir'; 
ooiieo% reported in inverted wmSl, ^S^to bToi^ftSS, ^'*' 'f 
the judgn>ent in O'Brim't caee. ^^ "« '•*° »PPn>Tal 

The ATTOMwr-Gunni^Tour lonUiip meeoe the naMaim in -hi-), 
^"JZ:^ i' the „«. i. adhering ST ^TngSrTnK il"^ 

S! ^^r^Si''?"*^^"' i™* " I-fd Hale did. 
lit 



Motion to Qiwsh Indictment. 

•*"^ m™ on UM fac. Hw tl.i c««« io »..«, mw 

«». ifti/::Sori,'S'.r; tr" "'"^' • «■• *" *^' "^ « - 

to the King-. eMmi« within thi ?^1. "■•., "" "^^^^ » aolWing 
""^by "ome overt «ot." " '"*""'- "^ 'IfoUriug thi 

!»•«»:■ p^'l^i'n"^'^' ■*'*"»«• P""> i" Arclibold to tbM 
reelm or 'withoutZ S" ^^J ^"^ King-. «,»miJ^iU^ 

"topoie becauK we "o JTttinT?* „1^ '""'' ™ J"™ »«tgot 1 
•?»m what i. .aid in Cokrt iMtituti ,™W*Sry *" *™"''^ 7»" tonj 

need not trouble to SJteT^« ^5f JJ,"!;,"^ ?' "»»« ««<» whiTi 
toiMUtor. but I thinkl^de^nS'lj'*"'?' J^"''''' l»rt night to get a 

•oooant he gaw jourTorSSJirof Tt ^ "' "^ '*'"^ '"""» » the 

tion ^'X'^i^'Z^-k'^Vhe*'.^^''?'''' ".'-'«» *« "^ «"«. 
e«mnon law the offendeTmiahl ),. J I!!^*'.?"^ '"<* "T" thatit 
England if be com^Ztt^ ^Zi"^ "^""^ '■' "^^«y '' 

«f*ua:„;t]:^XdPrSJ^^S.<LS''°*"'~*''"«-''8then„n.Ur 

but the dictum in qS^Jhic" *~^ T',!^"'- ^"^ -"'y ^' 
W th« Court, but from the «pr^n^« S ?).*J^''°' P™<*«xUn« 
wiriung to underrate the autlwrifr? rf ^n* ?J^*** ^''"'^ '" «nd^ritt«rt 
m. to be o, the „n>e authol^^aaVS^^r^yj *a """ '^ *° 

117 



Sir Roger Casement. 



^ Attomut-Odibul— He did. 

^e LoBo Chbf Jo»Tio«-Th.t wu the only point. 

ibe Anomn-Ommui^ThtLt ia quite true; 

S^ iSJS.S^iilfr^J'"' -^-J a few line, of it to ui yeeterday. 

^ LoiD Cmv Jn.Ti(»_I, it under " Tnal " in FitiherbertJ 

tr«,.^i'!f?""®fT*^'^''- ™"* ^» "T* » tW". according to the 
fa«nil.tion TO hare had prepared, " If a man be adherent to Te Eni?. 

where 1^ land .., a. h« teen oftentime. done in «.pect of the.<tte«nS 
to the Eing'a enemies in Scotland." "uucreuw 

n-ii "^ "l^ F^" JnanoB— That ie the paeaage I have before me I 
but I can malu out that that ia what it ia "8"»». 

SuIM™ t'5!?'?"'*''?"^' ^*^" "■"Je^tood "y learned friend, Mr. 
SiSJIi^'to .«J^*S^rS.'^:li!r' '"*"'»° "■"» ".earch to -th-e 

th. V^Jii^^*^1^ ^^ "^ ■"**."" ?*" ■* •"• By mi.take I *ent to 
^J^^^R P ,K'-1"- It » P™n in Cbke under "•• Catalogue of Par- 
liamentary Bu^e.," and I went to the Rule, and forgot Kt^bert. 
^--TlL .^ f^ JDmo»-It u a wrong reference. We did not under- 
SSf 1. ^ ^wf^*^ being without the realm. It .eem. clear now Zi 
thi. » the authority of the King-. Attorney. It i. not a judgment. 
The AiTOEHir-GBnBUt-lfo, that i. quite true. "«"*'''• 
*!. * ^' J™™» HoBBiiHa-Thttt wa. cited in .upport of the propoaition 
S'Fnl.f r"" ^'th^ '"^^er might have been indicted in iiy »™^ 
of BngUnd, eapecially where hit land* lie. '^•^'■j 

The AiTO^-aiimiui^Yea. That i. what the Attorney laid f« 
'm<toSirU^' ^'="*'<*"'^*"t»«»C»n«'>*lofRoSa*far.. 

Tie haaCmmr Ivmcn-lt aeema to me to treat the Uw at bejond 
qnartioo. That ia the point of it. oojtma 

The AiKHanT-Gnnuir— Quito. 

Tie LoBD Cmw Jnanoifr-There it a very learned argument to be 
found in one of tteae caaea b^ Sir John CampbeU when he waa Attomey- 
Ceneral of the Crown, in which he went through a number of authoritiei 
with rwfMenoe to treaaon ; not the particular oaae we have before u* to^Jay 
about adhering to the King', enemiet. You do find, and no doubt you 
wiU continue to find, partioulariy with tiie advantage the Attorney- 
General haam reference to the recorda and Crown dooumentt, ttatomenti 
at to what happened which are of great uae. "*«"». iBMementt 

The ATTOBNir-OnnBAL — Quito. 
... ^« I-**" f^. JnmoB-The only other authority I know— you 
^ give ua any additional onet if you think then are any-it EaM't Pkiaa 
of the Crown. There it a abort reference to it there. '"'""• *^'«»» 

Tae Arobxr-Gisbul — ^Tei. 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

thii p«.Mg»_"In oon.ideri^^l,.; i n'^^™ ^"^ lordjhipi will find 



adherence being within Oie realm r^L ^T^i^Tt/^i,-*'^ *°*™^ 

doe. pve effect to your oonrtruotion of tho«WSf ''^' ""^ "^^ 
The ATToRMT^mmu^i think it doea. 

B^uS^ro'irwtr::it"to^^r«.*^*jr^,= r-r-* •- 

The Attorsbt-Giniiuii — Quite 

lorH.'"^:.,^™'™""*'''™^^''"' ' *> ■«* think there i. Now mv 
krd., there are one or two other reterenoei 1 might gWo to mZi SI 
r^',^*r. P"^"- The firrt i. Alexander Lude™ on High^.^* 
At page 12 tile learned author .nya : " The meaning of the w^ ' to W 

" -!!!,• thorn w,th,n the realm or elwwhere,' murt neoemar^ hi ft. 
-m. m thM Act that i, in other contemporar^ in,trJ^^rZi^p!' 

119 



i -: 
1 



iii 



Sir Roger Casement. 

mig*t have been leTied^il.^ St^ V *"". "^^ kind of w., « 
to be «a«^ wl^^-^^'-'";"^ tut the enen-ie. not 

w«. «.d of being -rirt^utTS: ^^ ^Jf ^ :^,^^^, ~* 
">en uotbw work nf -.fi,™-*-^ ^Tir *" " *ithm it." 

the enemiee within or irithoTit i.^ %• . .8 * «««>"«». Aiding 

of victuij. or of weap™. ZdZ, lib, bl ^3,^ T""* *^'° "<>■ " 
oth« waj«, whereby tim may reli™ :J-'5J * *''*°' '='»"••'' o"" »>y 

that a. to Kveral of then.: Toi, ml, .S°* "'*'"';*'<» »PPlie« to 
«o«nie< without the reato br an^^v t? "'^. ''°™'<"* *•»« king's 
«>d in order to cZ>^in L „^ v^** y™ ''o "'«"'» *he reaJni, 
muet get both tlTS rf^^TS-T " ""/T *"'"™R. 7™ 
enemy without the reahn.T^u Jloft '^" ""' ''~ *« "''*»«'« 

^ f "o»™[f»Miui^I think that i. » 
P-4S:. ^or'^^rS^a'-te^ "".'^'y of «>„.« of theee 

t««on; that ^o^in^*:,"^"^™* J'^?"* *? «ahn a, being 
ambiguoua. but that it Z,te«ta .Si!^ ^^^^ ^'"^ '"• " not 
ing under one of the headTof^^l^rr "^r* *^» "«^ " 'aU- 
raised which would tmd to^^,;^ "> controveray haa ever been 
?dherenoe without C JSnTw- t^to"t"' "^^ *»' " ^ "?• 
It wa« not an offenoe • ttrt itTa.^- u ^" "^^^ " "ot-that 
book or in any (W? of^w frJm ^ « been contended in any text- 
Edward in. wai ™«L *.. * the tune when the rtatute of King 

on. poeribL :^^ ^ :h^*. ^l{ M far .. 1 am aware. wSh 
the AZ w..TrfSS« Md^t^J^'^J' " "•*• r^-^-oe without 
Henry VIII whiXni*^*? ™?* °' t»Wtton; that the rtatuto of 
.tan2. under Z^ ^^^^T^Ti ^^'^ """"'y t^e ci«ur^. 
and that Z whole ^JTT "^^ ** jurtioiable in thi, country: 
treated a, auth'ritie.^Vl°Cr '?^^' "^ ""» •>•« ^ 
«.nrtrue the rtatjte of "^b*^,^*^! " ' a T '""""<"' ."«'' **^ 
It; and whether one tak™ tt-^w Iv ^^ ^' «>nmion law before 
the common law rfP„7r.n^ P?»t^authonbc who have written upon 
judg»r3ri„Jon a & '.n'lJ "■•'*??■ ™» *»^" «>« opi-ion of aU tto 
ithTopini^n f^m tL^i:!^ *°"* J,?T"™ ™»" <" J'^'^'i «nd 
to .«i.t the c^cTu^onXirl '^' J'" J?" ^" '**«• '* » ™P»»iWo 
Without the „1m r"«.r Kbriin-trurTofSri^rt;"'-^" 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

lis official nport in the Law b!^J^^5° " '^*« '*V ». ZimeA 
whkh tte nils; w-l^JS^'tet''::?^ mu,toat.,'Se ^iX^S; 
-d«»hle weight of MKuWto'the oiJ PT*"" »««' tome oon- 
el.boration wo. mnde^^]^ aL^^^L^^ ," ""'" ■"* without 
or pronounced up<» bv ^ *^?„;^ ^^'i*'*?*™'' '^^ '* »" dealt ^tt 

-hich ought to iTbos; t^nSrtiri'* i' ^r^^ -^ ^^^j^^ 

V. fy«A, had thia doctrine te^ ™n , j^"**"" "•«" ™ ^*« i'i^ 

^ whole trend «rf weight of jSaTi^'**?*' " ' ?"• -id, thSt 
the Mme direction. * ^ "" "^ """ef «rthority baa been in 

notwithrt»ndSg^^X;^?^»°^ ^?^*^ » *^t in ^««*', caae 
the Court P««ICSl nt^u wHS^ md «mewh.t elabor^STiguC?,' 
™e a, if the anfument ad"S^*on^i^' ^J'^'^ *» deaTSlrthe 
otherw,« the aumming mT^^i^'^ ^?f ^^^ »«• !» founded, 
twn muat have been i^. "°*^ °"^ '"tiee <ad the convict 

The ATToawar-flmfmAT, t *!,• l 

when one noiice. in what a cavalitrnZtrl??** "^'* *** «»>du.ion, 

the learned judge dealt with the a^R^nt ' jfJ T? T ** «^™«i<« 

deep mprcMion upon hi. n.^ wTmL**!* '* ^ "?* """d* » ve,; 

fact .g that the oonviotjon t«!k Ai. ^^ ''™* that inference. The 

hodthia contention CwSTfoSSS I'th^" ■"•*. ''*™ *^» P^ 

earbeat authoritiea and ^m^ZZ,.* that your lordehipa have the 

to tte Court i. that thf. oye^:?i,T^ '"^""'y- ""^ "/-^bnii^Uon 

. Mr. Abtimos JoWB-Mylort. I 1 w ""^ "^"^ "^ 'upported. 

friend over the authoritie, which' ha™ T ""P"* *" '»"»' ""y 'e»™ed 

flrat of all with the CMToTrt iZ, ° Z"™^- ' denre tT^ 

authority we have to ^orar m ^'\..^"'*' ''''"h ii the only 

It ..perfectly true, ^WZdAiJX^ ^Z"'^''« <^ *^ "ftute^ 

hand notea of the proceeding. ^ ?^' . '* " <^»" 'rom the «h»t- 
Chief Juatice toofc/ffiT^^^'^thS* "- -" *^ ^^^ «"» ^^d 
authority which ezpwady otL^ t^ ^ *"?? /• '^~*'*«» "" «> 
ward on tehalf ^X^_ ^H ^tt'T*r'"f '" *» P"* 'or- 
r<u,ghm were not gone into I do nTi, ^ '"* "' ^*« ^i'V v. 
.ndictmant in rA, /i™/ v fLw latT'l ''^* "' " ''^" '""^the 
view which the Lorf Oiief Jm^lT^h^Lt ™^ ~ authority to the 
acta conunitted within ul h^".- ^*- ^« ^^^ ewmt aUeged 
in. the aecond co^t hott ZlZZ^J^^'^^. '"O- ' S 
K.n«. *" '"'S^d withm the dominion of the 

that."'Vo';r"^'^^';;?^V.e^a.e^a^ ,^ ^ ^.^^ 

"g-ment to tie cintr.^. r^'V^*™| *» J*, ^d there ha. been'^ 
you- y ^wntngy. Tanghan. .. no auttority againrt; 

r^^'^^^^^vT^l'^,^\ P'"-- With regard to the 
learned friend, the .tto.^r"'„^~^y TSi. "clT Jtio? 



]:■• 



Sir Roger Casement. 



{ 



II. 



vided it i. f,ee f«m ^hiJ^ u '•°«:'«8».»' the rtatute itoelf, pro- 
tion mark, and othe/Vh^n» .. ^•^■^.' "«8Mt that the punotua- 

«=t«au, a;pj:^'u^*'the*'ru;iTtLu °""' ""• ^"^^ *> "O* 

Luder'. tnuulation, and I ha"Tld^w tji "^ o"^!"™. oontaining 

:s -sjedt ^T&SC^ " i^-s^-siaiT: 
rrrr'th':rt''ES^^— "-"^--^^^^ 

^^upr^-sz. J^ir i'lSiTcir ^"^ -• - 

the eipreaa terms of the, ntjitnta it„i« TnTT^^^ repugnant to 

recital begin, in ti^ w^-T^^TCrL It " ^? P^f^*^''- The 

bon m the manner a. hereinafter foUoweth: That i. toTay wt^a 
■■ Z^ h""r' "^/""T"- tl-o d«"l> <rf our Lord tte Kkg o°o1 



122 



9 committed. Then it goee on : 



Motion to Quash Indictment. 

tt«y «, put i„to .noS^ paSTlSd^ '" '"' *'':°!^ from We 
the learned Attomey-Gcneml i. JS,* ■ V*® P«<»<ling wordi. If 
oould h.T, me«at nothC^hen it «„♦ •"'.v'"' ««'"™<*i<». Parliament 
Suppo.mg you trike o^ ZlolT-- ^ f^ 7'*' " ^ »>« reXT^' 

Lord the King, „ be adherent to the K^„^ '"'^ "" "R""" «>" 
Md and comfort in hirrTlm ^ ^L^^ ..^T^' Sinng to them 
whMh the learned AttoTO^^.^, t^! *"" V"'"' *« <^«truotio° 
•ouod, but he cannot mittLf ^ . ^ ?* "P"" '* would no doubt he 
murt not be prTZtl't J'afe mrt^Si/r^.T'' .•>«»>•» P^ame^ 
of hmitation. If I may borrow tL.^^ * "'*''." ™«» t^ew word, 
argued the ca«, of The ^.L^XJa . iT** "' ""* advocate who 
the go-by altogetter to th^ worTof hw1°"""*7="™ ■» '•>" P^« 
tile statute of Edward III. C ilZ-H Ih ^*""'- ' '"''mit that what 
"to *«» aid and oomfort in the^'"*l^ "il'^ "'T """I.. '• giving 
adhering to the King', enemie. tZh?' **■* P«rticular form which 

were legidating. ^ ""*' °"8" ""««. and against which they 

ancient "wXI^bKw'^H^'M^*?* F»t«t respect not only to the 
of an Act of Parliament tb^LvZLa^^- it"','" *'« «<»»t™ction 
itodf, «d the function of y'^ZdaW™ , '• " ?"* '"«"»86 of the Act 
quote the word, of Chief J^ce^^' 'fhTf ' *^ ^™ *^ *^*'°' *° 
pretabon, giving to ordinary aS pS^' M *'r™*f^ '^» "' i"**'- 
feaning. If the wording rftto.tfb^ l^^l^^". P'"" «"» <»dinary 
I agree that the interpretation '!f'^** admitted of any other meanin? 
General might be uph^H^ ° '^"' '"""^ •>' t^« l«>nied Attomef- 

^^t ofc ^°~ ff trcbKti::^:^- '^ *^* '-<'»-«- 

the whole oontrover.y when he Mid ^h..^!^'' '*"' *» «>« '•eart of 

or elsewhere " g^em^" STe^or^ iS™ ,"" ''''««"' «>« '««»« 

governed the rest. °"* ™™«diately preceding them, or 

■nay be purely^Urf^ti^^™^;''.^^"'- <^ J^ <*"« h«.d. they 
not word, of definition, thm I mihlwY "* "''"*■ "' dccription and 
the learned Attomey-GeneiS imn^yj^^ ^'"'°'^'' P"' ^^"""^ by 
learned counwl took who frTm^X i^^^f- '*", "*'' "'''«'» ^^ 
M. that which I am putting "tforethf.^^"* ^exactlj the .ame view 
-..p. to sjction 3 of 'the ifdic^^t A 't S^^t y^^ ' "''' ^"'^ '''"'- 
-£Ha,/rSy^re^"^C"fJt^^^ authoHty 

""^r.t^^f- -J^n 'p^r'SXTvt;*,'"""'''""^' -'° 
*^'i-^^^'^LtT^[^T^" under the impression 

the ^^:r^^:'Z'^^''l:V' -'■^ « « ^-o i-^i"*-* cover, 
drew it. °" '^"' *•>« inference a« well as the man who 



US 



Sir Roger Casement. 

-;ip'Iliil*r^'^SrS"Zt^.' 3~.. but I think y^ lorf. 

or offence, with which tho^^JS n^^T^'u'' ^* •P*^*' ««««>• 

•uch p.rti«ih« „ m.y™ ^!2Lr^ ».«*«8<«d. tcg«ther with 

;• tion M to the nrture of S, SSS^ 'n F^ ««onrtle infonn^ 

Bute 4. lub-Motion 3, ° 'a^ tiSSL„, "P^" '^ ™1". • think it i. 

offence riK»tIy in oriinn^ulSJ^ „" •^•''*«°* """l *»"il>. th" 

we of techniil terau, ^ JriSf;^**?*' " '" «• ?<«*"« Se 

eh»nenti of the Xie md if S^^ ^S^^'? "^""R «" tbTcwnSj 

" ttatute, duUl oonSnT^^iLiL .! f?*""* «'""W^ i. one created br 

" the offence." ' '*'*"°°» *° *k« ""tion of the rtatute creating 

jentence: " High treaJT^adtiS! '^*"j! 7^?» i* « «t o«t in . 
than m the King', realm/to^^^ t^ p* Kmg', enemie, elaewhere 
;> the Trea«,n Act, 1361 " ^tT^^- ?P"*. ?f Gemnuiy, ocmtrary 
ticulan the Crown alLe ttat " On^.'^'^'"' f<^'' ""^ '" the^ 
tj-iving .„d inten^to^d »d «.irt tr"?i *^^ traitorou.ly L- 
the King againw our wn>,!^p- Z*^* •"*■ en«nie» of our Lord 

"adhere ^tSTiSit^d^^^* !;''£•?'' hi. object., did tr^toroiSy 
the learned coun«I who ^^*^irM"^«> ';■*»»!'« dearly that 
:'~<hng and comforting,'- ,n^j7J°*f^'.^ted tho«e word., 
in the particular, under thertZte -^T ^"""P*"" ; «»d they appeal 
which may not give Vu^Z!^ ^"^ ?^ 7°" ""^ P™ puticidan 
at leart Jve inffr^«S *.: rSrZa^!?^ %' *^ offVTt .h^S 
,m^e to the- Court ia th~ tf fte rit^f If J^**^" ,J^'> 'ubmiMion 
"aiding and comforting " are wTrS! rf*^i^^ " «>»* tho« wwd. 
de«npt,on, it wa, not the^rS^ tte wS™ "'^•"* ''<«^' »' 
the indictment, becauM he tra^T),^ the learned counni who framed 
tive word, aloile. Tolo bidTte ^Z t ,**^P«'« '""J. and de«ri^ 
'.ry rf.<»l]y the point tt^^t^.:Sf Zl ST' 'J*'' ""'^ P^* 
the Crown i, putting upon theMrorfTrirtnMit ""treotion which 

of the statute itwlf. -^u m^ ^^ \ actuaUy repugnant to the word, 
"hi. realm," which app^^^'^C^'T,**' *''"* ""^ " ^''^ 
"traction upon the rtl^-^rt th.f^^ ' ^'T y»" <^ P"t thia con- 
to your loMAip, a^t Ihe^^ *^"'^. '." ' "'^*' "^^^ de'^enoe 
<i.f«.da„t i, a v£id*d ,!^tSr:ne. "■" '"""^ "" '»''»'' "' «■« 

[Their lordahip. conferred.] 
Judgment on Motion to Qutsh Indictment 

by t?Lt« Sru-iT^rS'L""^" '■"^ *° «>« co«-t 

It d.«l««. „o offence knoTlo *rlrfi.^"7^«» '"'«'« (f^-nd that 
putting U.e ..me pre^,Uion i, ^^f^^ ^-, -"^ -. of 



Judgment on Motion to Quash Indictment 
SS.!"*"'''" o* th. d.f«.~ .... .. _ "»a^ctment. 



u» ooot«,tioo of th. H , ^dictment. 

«d.otm,„t » the o&SrS - ?'\*^«f'« "^nieT iK "' *"»«"' 
«d .upported STc^^ ^^ Act. I361.;.*°iC«l^'' ^P'"* <" 









«»e of t,«a«;n,X«Awi.'°°*'''''''» *» »" v^w ??'^r' """"y time, 

l»*yer., nm,teni of X, '''*8'«"t way,, then tlT ** P°"'We to 

::-^.'' a:d"lt^;~^only the woSr-J^d^^- ",«"« Vo".' 
«» realm. In order M 5'"8 " ^''^oue" by ^ If P*"" *•"»* >* ■« 

„ Now, I rep^^t ^^ ^ "» the King's enemie. 

witiicuT referentm ♦„ " °' *1»« statute n«» " ^g^oneut, that 

• " '• unneoetMuy at 
125 



Sir Roger Casement. 

tx-tt^^^^ -^=?' ^s^u.i asS' 

mg tAM tbe cffenos vai oommiUed without th. .^i_ > "^"»»«na- 

•nde«peciaUy where the oUender'. Und, lie, if he iZe wy -' ' 

of hSLIT^^k'vP'™ 'or that to a caw in the fifth year of the teum 

^dedaratory of the oommon kw; but it i. a matter^ lightly to be 

ni^iK,, J .u '* *'f* •**" *^ "">«> f"" onoe. oertahay by Lord 

f^^ ""^nS^"'.' •*»' *"» "tatute of 1361 wa, decSty oflte 
common law. There i, no doubt liat at that time therTwarBT^t L^ 
tK>n amongrt the subject, of the King beoauw ™ «tofe« of^e Z!^ 
^Z^ :l ^Zu^ '*"' trea.on.^hichTa. a^me"tlatU°^ 
l^L *'""«'>*.*« bew vague, that thcee who might be ohareed^tih 
U were apprehennve of the oonaequencee; and fie retuU ™ ^at^ 
petition to Parliament the .tatutTthen beoame law^ Xi^ lie 
.^.ent of the King in the word, to which I have refmed 

H.n^°VTn""?..*^* -^T ,*'" "°*" ** thirty-flfth year of the reien of 
Henry VIll., there » little to a«i.t u.; but 4 the reign of Hen^ TOI 

.. iJ? J entitled An Acta conoeramge the triall of Tre««.tm 
I t^y*^ "W.o' «i« Eng'. Majertie. dom^oo.." irre^te*-^ 

« to the trial of treawn. uid mi.prim<H„ of treawn; committed abroad 



_ '"W on M<«i„„ ,„ Q^,, ,„j.^^^ 

•■ SZWSuSS^ff^^ SCSI,'' S5™»' •?■£ 

., "f'Jy it cannot «a«^X™hL^^„S^'' k''! f '"'^ ^.d £^d. '^b^f 



"-no'^ta.t^^'fL.^ij^i^^,™ 



e^t-t^;,;;,— -^-™^ 



been 



237 



Sir Roger Casement. 

thj r."i''^S^'!f^^'?^8t."v''!*«> '»•*"»«"• but in volumes 

»o*uoti.o of th, worf. ci th.p^„Vof ustii^'^srSwi: 

OT euewhere. Ho le&Tu out the word, which hare iriTen rim to SS. 
diKiuwon, that i., •■ giving them aid mhI somfort."^^ ^J^Z^ 
Jdopted by the Hou« of Lo«l.. U i, right here^in to^^Tat^ 

J**^; hut ne^rthele.. 4"^. SH-uX^o^ J»J/ ^^j^Z: 

ha. been put forward befo^T^d Twi^f^SS^^^d tCaWv 
argued The Court there came to the oondudTttrt Se drfe^I 

Wd Chirf Jurtioe proceeded to mm up aSd directiX iuW a^ Tu. 
/!.."* j"?*"**- ^y"** ™' """ctod by the jury, and if thram.Jw,nt 
°'J^ "^'r*^ "."«'" *" *^» «»«• I'A ne™?d,^Sd have bT^ 

5:::^^f xre^reo^t'.tt^e^r.'^r £'is t 

»h.ch, mueh rehanco wa, pla«d by Mr. Sullivan. Hi. i^nt T.S 



Judgment on Motion to Quash Indictment. 

oftnw* WM known to tho liw Itil CT' *** 'urtbw, thU no noh 

n»nt at all ; it i, , WnoraSiui^fJji i i '"" i* «*»r it i. not » Judg- 
•omo doubt having ariW m^o^SLS^ ^"^ "'' *"* •"«>g'« ■•rjinS 

»« treaMu w thout the realmriCL.Li ill i?- ^ v " *''•' '*•*«'«• deoUmd 
Bench. TUre.uirwara.inw^^»t'*'''',*^J"'*«~'''«»«S?; 

" WM triable hen. bTtl,e «^ rf S!^"" oomm tt«i out of the n£^ 
•»«t upon ttat i. thi It^^'^^tS^"' «•»•" llie flrrt;^ 
jonmitted out of the realm bTSl S^.^^ "•." """"^ »' t™««i 
how it wa. triable by^'oo JJl. of tt^l' '" V"' " '^ ~» known 
l«rned judge, did-thrju~^ and tt- r^*!" •' "^ »" *^»t *• 
-•embled-wa, to declare Xt ?hi ^' 1"*" "' *»«> »oll« there 
•tatute 1 i 2 Philip ^V^ U^J2"3''*» 'V *?» •««» o' *W« 
•• now being ar^ed before^ It d^.^t "** *« q"*"'*"' which 
Uw there wa. no odence of tre«„n -Tfi, /.v * "T™* t""** «t common 
n.0 only difficulty ^^n ^ L ot 1?' '^- '* " «» «P^ 
0/ our law, i. a. to the p,3u^ Xn^tr."™""^ "^""'»'' "^"^ 
""^J that i., a. to the vi^^tTe Wa^'"* ™* *'*^'' '^'»««' *• 

toraly only upon one. Firtor.5Xl'il'S,'r *» '^^ "<» i° t™th 

femied Attomey-GenwdT^k, ^m «ff- * *^*^' "* '•" *»" •>? thi 
Wentworth appiently wi^t^ !? **£*"** ""^mitted in Calai.. Lord 
•ton wa. MquSe^ „d a^Lrf,f "^ ° • '*'"'^ *» ^ tried, Grim 

It a. one, becauM it w.. tTJ- ^ ' ™ "** *•>«* »« can resanl 
indiotmeni iT^'o^ ^ ^V^ "'^' '«"' ««»'<Ji^ tott. 
rjtbin the En^o^on. '^C^eq^X TJ^', ^''''8 '^'^^ " 
oted to u. by the Attomey-G^^erTS^ '„V iS^ J<«ig>«>Mt, that c«e 
he oited wae the Dute »/ Wh^t^ ?? J"''' "•• Th" nert can 

1789. The«, «»MdW to^^*™"' '•"■* "" tried in the ^ 
the indictmeni a^Z ?,^r<^*the^rn™ °^, 'i^ '"-tigatio/*^ 
«°«»i?. in Spain. hH^ 1^00,^5?" . I" "' *^''*™8 t» ^e King', 
attention wa. directed, tto oSto« rf a^^^l "^'^ ***"> 'hich our 
and the aid and comfOTt were ^«^ adhwing wa. committed in Spain, 
offeno. of trea«,n ^^^t 27 SZ f.f""- . ^.'^»' *« ^■"Pkto 
Dnke of Wharton did not M,p^T,7L *" '*!,''»^- *' » rerolt the 
;«ain that according b, the K' C»l ^ TV^*^™''' •>"* '* »««>m« 
Hie obnrvation toV m^e up^i 1^^^\^^'^'*^ «» <•"««». 
to put forward ila ™w TT^tv'^ , '" ™.** *« <Je'«nco did not apoear 
w^^ch wouirbi^gi™^' Sr HLr* ""* '"* **« 'ull auS?? 
the Court on behSf of tte drfLi *' "»™"'" '" P»t befoS 

1» 



nn cMiT 



(*NSI««100Bj,cHArrNo.; 



1.0 



l.i 



S Itt M2.0 



A 



iw fa rt HBi^ a,^ - 



Sir Roger Casement. 

lou'^'". **rlT ^^ "' ^^'^ ^"~*'«. tried in th. ««r 
It!^t ^\^ fe«.rd. ate ertuit, »d of which there i. no wiTrt 
•loept m the *tti Tolume of the Kewgste Calend«r, p»g« 62. TI«^«i 
a o«e ol adhenng without the realm to the King-i Se., andri^S 
th«> «.d and ocmfcrt the«^ The «» wa. tried. S^ mH. w« 
Tc^Si.^'* junffti™ of thi. Court, and «ntonoe wL'^^Zn^ 
Aooording to that it «ein. clear that in 1812 there i, di.tinrt authoX 
for lie propction that it i. u> offence to adhere without the reSTto 
tte W. enemie.. It w„ the can of per«>n, who were confined to 
mr,Jt./J"^\'^t ""t \"'» *^" '»"»•'» ^» aUegianoe to th" 
S^SS. ™f, ^tv*"*Z^ *t **'t*^<»«^ I think, in view of that judgiaent to 
r^Lt^t ^^^ ^ ^^ ^^' '* <»°"«'* •» •"<! that tt^^ no 
au^ty to be found m our bo<*. for the proportion advanced by tte 
Crown unta the authority of Tht King v. L^h. '"™««» "y toe 

have cSl^«^^f°"*'°.f '"^"'^ **'"°"8'' *''*' ^"i°»« aithoritiee. I 
have caUed attention to the most important of them. I come to the 

uw^^we*"^ t«f""*' if f'"^-^ •" ""*• "" "-^ oT^tJ^d*: 

tZl rt« fL ^^ <»Midenng now the ca.e upon the aenimption 

^l SL^ r^* »■ ^.^ "«™"°* "' *^« <>«'««» " P"t forwarf on 
ttat ban., that no offence a made out in Uw. Of cour.e, it mutt not 

SLr.r.^'" "^^^k "^^ " ""* «"»«''* by thee iczc 
J^lT if^""' **"!* ^'JL" ""y ™7 »<'-°"« the offence. Iti. 
Srt^rS.^- ^'ST^*- Th« ™™lt o' it i. that in my judgment 
tie word, "givrng to them aid and comfort" may be i^d^^to a 
parentheau; but I do not eidude the application of tte WdJ "or 

2S.rr-?"" " •* ^»" *o *h« preceding word.. I am of opini<m! 
^^^ " °°' t'^r"^.,*" •*'*« •* '« «>« P-"!-"' »' thi. ca.^ thai 
ttea^enng tothe King', enemie. and the aid and comfort to the King" 
^fT' ^? ^^^ li 'V^ "*"** *» •^»" 'ithin the leahn or ^ft! 
Sh-^ J^.i" the Kmg'. enemie., and it i. equaUy an offend to 

.M *'!L*''*^ "T"; ' "" •*' opinion, notwithrtanding the learned and 
that the motion to quadi the mdictment muat be refuwd. 

Mr Jmmoi Atobt— I agree that thi. objection fail, whether it be 
n^ed u an objection to tie indictment that it di.do«. no offence 
^'T-.^Mf* / "■ '^''*^ " "■* "g"ded a. an objection that there 
mJ^i^r^r*"? *°-!f.*° .*^S, J"^ "' "■ "f'"* oomiSed within^ 
17^^ ° »^? ^*^ °' ^■''^"^ "I- 't 'O'J'J. » »y opinio", bl 
wffiaent m thw Court to wiy that the pmnt which ha. lien arZd Z 

^^"^^ r?"" " !??* '*t™"8 •»""» "• ha. been alread^dS 
by tlu. Court in tie oa«i of TAe King t. Lynch ; but, having regud to the 
onti^m. whKh have been pa»ed upon ^at ca*,' I ST^t to 

S». S„ r^ ^"v '" ^f^ to the .ame concision a. tiat which 
ha. b6M e^rewed by my lord tie Chief Jurtice. 

^irrt of aU, It 1. not right to wy that the point wa. not in f«>t 



Judgment on Motion to Quash Indictment. 

•ny further authoritie.. th«r L ^^^^i ^^."^T ''• ™*«<J *« "it^ 
w. in fact a decision tiat tte wi^ tZ? ™^*l5"° '*^*''- "n-at 
and beyond the fact to which ^™L^ ^^^ <"">• B«t further, 
in th»t-c«e could norhl™ be^Tnvw". '^^ ™?»- «>at the pri«>ner 
againrt him, it win al«. te fo^d rti""^ "°^ ** P""* w«'decided 
up of a.e kamed LoTchiefT.ti« ^t T^ "^ "l *^* '™™»8 

rr"* "P- -^ ««« word. He^^rLbdJ^T*^-** ".'?" "' '''■ 
charge against the pri»ner w». tw '™'?™<* *« J<n7 " that the 

'• a»m amounted tJ^dingttl W. ''"'"' ^^ •*«" '"-J '^''"^ 

, wa, done thi. wa. ^ ^ ^"^ » ^""f ■ »»<»«,«* wherever it 
"priwner ought to bTfo^^,!)! "^ v°' "'"*''■ " P^^ed- the 

wherever the act. were done of aShe«^ i^ iSl K™f *° ^? W that 
an offence within the meaning of t^o ZX '"^ ' """"^ '"»* "" 

Ed™riTl!*ti:'(?o^i^^„ itl^tfe-^ht'S'^'l^'f ''^' «*•*"*- o' 
decided to be an Act of Pariiament dLu^^I *? '^ '"** '' '"" »««> 
CMmot doubt that before ^^^L declaratory of thd common law. I 
Britiri, .ubjeot to jSrthe fo"^ rf'L '''"^ "l '* ™ t'""- in a 
Britiah TObP had Wned the TJl ^ ^^^ *'"^' "* t^at if a 
thi. oountrf, and hi afSn™^ Xr^L," ^■''"y »l"o«d «t war with 
country, he could C triedT^f oT^f* «"■ ^ i^'B''* •>«=^ *<> ^li. 
to the nature of tUn^^J^tth ^ '^^ J^*" »» •>«, regard 
muat have been .0. Foete? k hL^ 0*2^?' ' ^'°M* " <"'"'»" ^i* 
of higj, trea«n: " B^ZeZnh^Tl 7 *™ ''*"'"''^' **« «««"» 
duty of allegiance, ft .STy^ ^per to'^r/^T'"^ '^'^ «» 
"whom aUegiince i^ due w;*>f ^ j consider from whom and to 

" in all place.. Thi, i. wW ""^Pf* *» **"« Crown at all time, and 

"relation every mTsJlnAS^'m ?''*«'«J, »"«g>»°<» » founded in tte 
" of that aociZty^ereS^lTii lil*" '^'''"T: "»»"««<» «« the head 
" privilege, he d^vX ,„ '* ^" * ,'°™h«-; and on the pecuUar 

own demerit can deprivrhS "f U^L S^^-K, °*"'"> '"'* ^ 
and consequently the duty rfalWi Jl w), .K ^'.^.^ *="* P«-P«f>a]; 

" insepM^bly corrected ^th it T^f m "^"^ ""* "' '*• "-^ i. 

" unalienable andl«Stud " ' ' """d^'f "» of Uw, likewiae 

British TObjeot abroi wm ^'Xf ' ^- -"^ *? **•'"» committed by a 

only doubfiVhich^I^^^tSoU'^'^;'".*^ *™°*^^ ""dll^ 

«pre.«i by Hawl^rS ^ ^ thf *^** "'-^T^ Virf. were a. 

iun. m nn riei ^ the Crown u. the paoage whidt 






I 



Sir Roger Casement. 

my tord the Chief Jurtioa hu aJraady read; not a doubt whetlier it wai 
maMe bare; not a doubt whether it waa an offence oommitted by a 
Bntuh aubjeot; but a doubt onl^ ai to the proper plaoe and the proper 
manner in which it ahould be tried. He point* out that «ome have bSd 
that It abould b» tried in one county; othen have held that it ihould be 
tnod m another county; other* have held that it ihould be tried upon an 
mdiotment laymg the offence in any county where the King pirated. 
That, no doubt, had reference to a ipeoial Commiaaion iwued by the King 
for the tnal of a partioukr treaaon, and which weciil Commitaion would 
m my opimon, get rid of all difficulty about local venue. 

Now, that being », if thia waa an offence triable in thie oountry 
before the atatute of Edward III., that i« to lay, if the offenc' of treawm 
cojnmitbid abroad waa triable in thit country before the atatute of Edward 
lU., and aie atatute of Edward III. ia declaratory only of the common law. 
It would be a atrange oonduiioa that the etatute has limited the offence 
to treaaona committed or to overt acta which have been committed within 
the realm. At the Attorney-General haa pointed out, the offence of 
adhering to tie King't enemiet, giving aid and comfort to them, U an 
offence which it more likely, prima facte at aU event*, to be committed 
out of the realm than within it, and it would be a itrange enactment to 
provide if the common Uw waa, aa I have taid, that after thia date the 
<««Boo could only be oommitted by a penon who waa within the realm 
at the time mea he committed it. 

With reference to the conttruotion of the actual words, again it would 

bo tuffloifflit, aa my lord haa pointed out, to say that the great authoritie* 

have umfonnly put upon theae word* the conatruotion which the ftown 

mvite ua to put, namely, that the stotuto doea not limit this kind of 

treaaon to treaaon committed by a aubjeot within the reahn. But there 

appear to be two oonatructiont of it which have been adopted, either of 

which will «ati<y and anawer thia objection. It may be that the word* 

.. ?' S"^.*^ are to be read a* applying to the worda " be adherent 

to the Krnij a enemiet," that ia to aay, if be be adherent to the Kins-a 

*™™? »",.?'! ""J™ ««■ elaewhere; or it may be, aa Serjeant Hawkin* 

teemedtothink. In book 1, chapter 17,ofhi*Treati*e, heeaya, "Aatothe 

„ '"^ PO'n*. namely, what ahall be aaid to be an adheruioe to the King'* 

_ enemna, thia it eiphiined Iw the wordt aubaequent ■ giving aidimd 

comfort to them ' " ; and it may be therefore that &e proper oon- 

•truotaMi of thit aectim ia that the word* " giving aid and comfort in the 

realm or elaewhere are an eiplanation or an eipotition of the kind 

rt adherence to the King't enemie* which it aimed at by the atotuto. 

Nobody quetticnt that the worda "or elaewhere" apply to the eivinir 

of lud and comfort to the enemy, and it may be therefore that the wope? 

oonatruction la that if a peraon give* aid and comfort to the KiS* 

en«me* eithw in the realm ot elaewhere he ia committing the offence <rf 

a<uianng to the Kmg** enemiea within the meaning of thit atotuto. TOiioh- 

ever view be taken, aa I have aaid, it ia tufficient to tay that aU the 

anthontie* sme that it it not limited in the manner in whwh the learned 

counael for the priaoner have invited ua to c<m£ne it. 

It only r«nains to consider in one word the atatute of Henry VIII , 
which providet for the trial in this country of treaaon* committed abroad. 



Judgment on Morion to Quash Indictment. 

doubU n to uToC, fc;,Si^^ * '^ " **' " "• °'^7 for removing 

it make, it dear thrt «SS^»t ni;^^ . ^ '*'"™- - ■*' "" "e^t*- 
n«lo' may be Wed »^»~ lll^ "Z t«^° committed out of the 
th. King'. SnT^' " '^ o™ » ^">e toed, by Hi, Majeety'. judge, in 

^tio^tii:'*^ '""" "* '^^ ^'«'«™"*' ««i I «1~ agree'tatthii 
mooDTenient. »»vi«™, » niei JJo not do to if it ie 

deei Jto SS^eT""'^ ' *"'* I»™^'°° t" '«'<• *he rtatement which I 
The LoHD Cmxr Jusnoa— Tee. 



Statement by the Prisoner. 



^TSeTwiU »ylr^„XX «■<» «^« to-?" of kjighthood ooM 

US 



Sir Roger Casement. 

S.T-'?;?fi*S " T*"^"°*l*° itanration point beoaiue thev did iot 
£L«rili^,^^^' "•/" abominable falwhood. The nitTona y,tn 
SJT^ L^f"*?*?'""?'""'* ««"n«''y owinS to the Wockade, uid they 
WM» reduced tor Indi pn«>ner, at eiacUy tto^Bme time and t<^ the h^ 
«tat « for the Gem«, «idie« and tife entire populati™of Gmi^ 
.^^Y '-gf rtjon that men we» mt to puSSLnent oampTT^ 

to refute. It i» devoid of aU foundation. Fourthly, thete U a widea^ead 

^^i ^A T^S'^ ';; ^*^' *»* originaUy, I think, in ttSI 
S™^' ?,?* I oaWed to Amerioa and inrtruotod my Americai la™r, 
wh" iZf^ ^^W^ prooe«l^.in.t thoae new,paplr, for libel. T& 
know ?Z^I "" ^ """^binty of thi. maUoiiuVinTention, for tW 

R^^ Government and have never allowed any Gove^ment to uW m^ 
R«Q thB fort moment I landed on the Continent until I came heme a^ 
to Ireland I never a>ked for nor aooepted a ungle penny of foreiim moSer 

tat only the money of IriAmen. I -^efute ,o obviou. a dander, b^^ 

S-^L.r^° T^ ""'" ' <»™ ^'^^- *^<"^ ™» offered to me in 
Gemany more than once, and offered libaally aid unconditionally bat 

1l^^T^*^'7 ™eif**""','" *•» ^"^^ "«» 1 »e" ««™«»y a poorer mS 
i^I am^ '*i "."^ ' could always obtain from my o™ Lntrjm^. 
mnv Iri.rlr.^r*^^'"" *° "fa-o'ledge the debt of 'gratitude li^ 
many In.h friCTj. and eympathisers who did freely and gladly help me 
ho^dlZ nf ' ^"r'i "^l' *!J" the opjJtonity Lre«tS^ 
FWi;.rf^ !i ''a™ .been touched by the generality and loyalty of tholl 
^hrfi faends of mine who have given me proof of their abiding friendiSp 
dunng theae last dark weeka of airain ind trial. ' 

«„H L*^**;- gentlemen of the jury, I have made that etatement dearly 
^ntrfi^d S^7 enough for all men, even my meet bitter enemie^^ 
OMipr^end that a man who, m the new.paper. i. «id to be met anothffl- 
Irwh traitor, may be a gentleman. ™"wiBr 

of E^Cj'*.!^''*^rr"*'*^ ' ™^ *° *™<*' »Po°- ""» Attorney-General 
»,;^^t *^*^" 'i conriatent with tradition of which he i. the pubUo 
repreeentatiye to make a veiled aJluaion in hia opening addresa to tte 

™omV™t'r W- °'7!'''*.^l'"- ^""^^ '"""^ °» evi!en„ Sthi^ c« 
from first to last, and to which, therefore, you and I, gentlemen, ae laym^ 

™«M have ^ippoaedtuat he would have «rupullu8ly refrained from 
^^^^ 1?' *v J^f **■? '^.''''S b" been mentioned, however, I must atato 
orte^noaUy that the rebdUon wa. not made in Ge^any, and that not «^ 
penny of German gold went to finance it. "">■««■ 

«SX^ * f ij,!..*^ '*^* *° "^^'^ ™ S- l'0''Our, they wei 
orioulatod to tamioh the oauae that I hold dear, ibat ia all, my fords. 

U4 



Speech for Prisoner. 



Serjetnt SnlHW, Speech for the Priwner. 

11 taking pUce here in Uie omXi ^ST . » tnal «j thii at .uoh • time 

0<rf aid upon iT i,5X^ ^^^ ''"~°" t"^ '^"« "PO" W. 

from another country where ^nuS ^^ ''" 8***^ He oomea 
P«rlii«>». .peak SntiT^th^^h' ^'^^ ^f^ "* "^ ■«»« worda. 
It i. i^ur duty rSitoat%>*w *''!??i?'' ^^^^ "» differently 

of open trial in nich aoT^thl* „iTT*^/ ''^ **'• '*»™ proceeding 
» reVutatton the ^r'd^ tt/^J^"? ^ ^^"^ y- h^vr^S^ 
between man and nZ S n™ ?* *"* aooordanoe of fair pUy 

for I «n d"pi; l^tSice^y Ud ™l'll*'"''"^ to do «,, I know ^^ 

•tra^r who venture. withL^o^ prj^ci ' *" " "~"^ *° "^ 

»om^*'tCT;i./x.^ T.zr' r ,^« *>-»*"• 

we cannot in a day A^TS^^ .»hioh we haro alway. Jived, and 

of fi»m day to day W t^fc^'* ^^.^ P^'"^ «" """d tlK^ght 
can weU jidge of' the b^S^Tttat i.^,^ °" S? » '*™"' ™«^ ' 
my»lf, wholad a leu bmX«,mt * t if ^" *"•" ^ «««* «*<«> 
™;<|. of my^ort r,S^%*^f ?° S°"' '<" your. i. theXS 
oeeding.. <"">uarg» my duty m the oxiduot of theae prt- 

try^^p,.LrCVhat*';:r^^ -U your attention to and 
priaoner at the bar ^YouTi^ "^,^1 T' " '*'^ 'f^"^ ^ 
jtpprebation or reprebation of^y^^^lo^duWSf "^ t*"*™ S' 
before you. The oharoa a™;/^. i!;» """"V"* of the man who rtanda 

(iatw/ateveryoutte^^tr^^St J*^**^ '" ' '^' ™"''' 
view, of polic^ or of publbaa^™ JT^* *L *"**'^" y°" <^'* «'W. 
one view S public ^a?« rathTSkn *,?" ''"T^ "' introducing 
"rf-d in regulating wl^ti^ 1^^*^ " 3» uppermort inhS 
to thiiH-DM the p^^ rt th^ w S^^""! Twdict murt come back 
g^^^^^^^ ™ pruooer at the bar adhere to the King', enemisa in 



Sir Roger Casement. 

ttJt, that Sir Boger CtMmuit aidad tb* militur poirar of qJkS^ i« 
Zmh ^u^t. ""PPo-KiJo give wmung to tt. num who i. JSSS 

to. for 3fl «„ .h^.°°*.?^, to 7<"> «> detaa what thav amount 
a^inat the Empire. ll.t i, the real .uhrt««=e of^Ja^^J^ 

S ihe STini" ^ "^ '"'r to <lo i*^-to undewtand what g«. on 
^ I L^i an Inthman. I am oon«:ioui of a itranire atmiXw 

T^IS^ ., "" *'^'* *' t™""" » «>« «"! mind that plana it 

h^^Y?------«-^« 

S^Lst^-w^st Bjg:rc:^m-7r^.i-r£H 

o^^'^f^Eft----^^^^^ 
j^iuS'^-^rr-thrinr^irini^;'':^ s -h^r 

true -r«,t. of the o^'^'l^^'tZZ T^^^'^^l^l ^ 



Speech for Prisoner. 

I ilaU^ to Si. ,.Lr^' ■ *''* ""• ""•'J*" *» • oommMt that 

— tubient In tJu^ - u " « « the Crown oould have given me notice 

no one ^tw"^ " ™' *°8" Caaement in the Llmbure camn in 
Wor (WnTr^rS^'"^^' '^^ «k that «. IriZTJh'^JS 
»?n «^^r^'- r° f**^ *»* ^•y •'"'Jd join an Iridi Brisade I 
SSut S^butT-k ™^' *"• •vi*,n«r„f eaoh'witn.. STt h^^kj 
fiS L «.!..»,- ^tZi*? f™ *° *» wndMion that in the maiTtS 
2^ "ar WM OT^wl!!* ^>.''' '^'^ J"° » I'"- BrigadrthT^hS 
0^. aie tLr^ 1^^° ** ??" "*■* olea'-and unt=' the war wm 

beimr over Mon-ZSw.^ olear— ami he tpoke m a oontoit of the war 
«.d C. a y^^t.^ttt^S" *° ♦'^K.""^y " '~^<> afterwarf.. 

^gnrtei-^t^r-r-aS^ '^si^^^.'^i^^ 

"fight to; i".:*»^'Sle^yat1^T 'i"™'^' "<» y»» "nay hive to 

n?£?^H#S™5!HS 

be right or wrZ SijZ' ft*^ ^a °" '"n^* -"."me that it would 
done for the ^«rfti&,l^±''f 'S.*?"" *"! *°<''<''°'*nt. « «A 
f«^ againat Kaje^^. Emp^T^ •" th„ war to c«Ty on her war- 

of the IrirfTn i^ L mb Jg^^C'^rL'^^* V^ ^^ ^"'^ 
no difference in the offend .„;^ ^* •^* eoldien. That makes 
Crown to^oT^ tib!t t W „f "S-T"""/^? lomewhat earner for the 

^ ^*..''».t■.'s.1SJEra."'.a^'S5:sj "te^ 

117 



jpl 



Sir Roger Casement. 

to .Mnmuia wh.t wti hii intootlon in Melting to .nlirt SlM^'rf 
thtM men. Obeerre, tb* oUrga it to eid Oo^y Ui S. ^ ^JSLf 
•or I etoto at th. outaefr-nTh.T, toWbSi to iT 7X;„.~^T^ 

. .t^^S^T! "'«" ?°«Jf C-emenf. intorreSion. No ma ew b«3 
!ji^" ^ o*" *^ "'Z*^ men who were reoruitod iSot «e »« 
Wej«d m to. Germw rjnk. or in to. wnmund of «y dJwXT 
Mo nun fau been wen in toe arrioe of Oennuy u . rt«iU?8ir^£^ 

te Ai. .5!rL h.« p»»f W. have tlie p«tioul»r.. They unount 
to ^ii^ J"ri'°™"^.P'!?"'*"y '"■ *• «^" Army or for » m3 

D»i, tl,. .V^^^ ^"'■^^ *° Genniiny, Gemumy, whatorer good ihe 
taTternri-o^™ !r "^ *^«''8.t''— "«> •omewhat bettor toan d>. 
«^n« to Germany tou, other foreigner, that dH) h^l within her Lnpe. 

Sta^ ..^ZtT'"? *^':S**» "»«• it oome. to that what i. to. 
nuutM7 aid toat Sir Rog«' Caaenunt gare them. 

to O^lJ^T*^' ^^TS." ««»> to deal wito that in deteil 1 win paa 
Bri^.r,^^ "'«''''•*. ^" *°8«- C««nent uid h« w«.ted too IriS 
M^ai.f^^h.'Llr"^'*"''*^'*^- ""— ^ 

'•ra^^thSttTXiSL?** - '•»> »« wu"- -t to B-2 

■MtaSTSSTi !3!^y^P". *"■ ~y »•>»» tU. Iridi Brigade wu to do!-H. 

Wkat wm tiMj to do in IrAndJ-FrM IraUad. 
nS k* "' ^.""y.T*" *» •«''* agalnrtt-A^aimt EniUnd. 
to lint to aSJST S^* '"ffT.*"-""" " O'ra-ny dWiot wiii!-Tli« would 

pi" {r~."?rP ' T ^V *• *•• •■'"'I »ho h* wu. and he Mid that ha wu 
Sir Roger CMemrot, th. Org«ifa„ of th. Iriih H^ti^Y^SU^i^^ 

TiM is ftonin'e deeoiiption. Then he deal* with thd matter again»— 

Irid.'vol5;u5:1.°L3iSdf-Yj'^ ""'^ "■ ""*»« ■" ""™°«™ ^^ th. 
Ud he ny that tbmr would flght in Inland!— Yil 
That th« w.r, to rfght in iXd T-ISr 
And for Inland t— Tea. 
And for nobody duT— For nobody dn, only for Inland. 

otoe.If'* B.S^"^'' *"v^*°" °' '"'"* •>« •^'J- I' that confirmed by the 
«Sr,L Jf*"""**"-. ''heD you have diilerent apeeohee there will be a 
htae vanation of a phra« or a word, or a wnt^here and then., but 



in 



'P. 17. 



•P. ao. 



Speech for Prisoner. 



■r. Mllm 



I think you win And that tint (TidMMn nnu atMdilT oonfirnMd br (mIi 
SST*^ "to.. .„d I uk you to ««pt U»t .Wd«,or«rbZ^ 
truth. "nMiieitwitiw i.Mlliigwithth»Bi»tt«i.th.witn««<yBiSn»— 
I ih»^ ki... iiw . ..^ .. . _ . . 




Iriik Brigada eghUag !■ 



Md ha Mj th.y WW. to be tnoif^nd to Intend «h« Ownii^Thad 



- __. —_, wJuo tbVT W 

wttk • gunatM o< lU ud . Wtwtin^ 
Tlwo in croH-«xumiMtion> — 
V« only h>ard s •mUl put of U> •pMoht-Y«. 

Irol^T-ir* '™ -''■^~. - 

Did h« wy tho IrUi Brigido wonld bo xmA 
th* wT-vIi' thoy WW. to b. tnoif^nd t< 
A»^ j^O«>«»y Wted to wto th. WW ih.y d»mU go to AiMri»T-To 

to ^ssir^ruSd.- ?/ :i"'th:?T«S;;u^hJ?rer..:rarS! 

^Imh in oroH-examination^ — 
Om TOO runembw idl hs MM»-.Na 
Or do yon only nrnnnbu Utat— A >;w woida or K>. 
H. wanted yon to Join u Iridi Brinde t— Yae. 
Ud he my Uint the Irieh Brinde ww to flght iot Iretendt-T... 

o.JrS 1. 5 * ^''"" ^"11 DM h. Biy it WM to go to Intend wh« tb. 
0«m™ had wo. tt. n-wf-Noi h. .id if Oernumy had'a riolanr^Ml 
wlt'^.'S^ *'^* Omnany winning th. wart-Yee. ™7 •» •"■ 

n-J-iS-Tu l**t f*^' Gennany winning the wart-He alwayi iald that 
Oennany would win, W w. oontndietn] him ud laid they wonld not 

• ^^ ?f*' witMM dealing with it it Mioh»el O'Connor.' I cannot find 
m the evidence of WiU.am Egan, who wai eznmined, any partioulan of 
the aUtement of Sir Roger Caaement bearing oo '^ii queatjjn. 

wu' Th-S'll^?/''' ?^" °»"™>' " Limbnig abont the end of DR»nher, 
"or .triv ^1 .'^^'"5 ,""""•»• H. .aid, "Now ii the time for to fight 
.I?'.." • '■'""' '■>■• Ireland" and that Eniiland waa nearlv haifam T .V^M 
think then wen abont 70 men llrteningb) Urn. * •'"™° 

Then in croaa-ezamination' — 

?11 5" I5°Sl" ™ '^" •"'•kirt. of the crowd only a f«r minnte.!-Ye* 
Yon atayed then aa long u than waa anything piing on I nippoae!-No. 
Did yon go away after a few minnteet— Ye.. "»»"'•"»' •■ppo'ei no. 
Yon heard him «iy that Engiand wu nrariy \x,.tm. Did you hear 
Ijat the war waa neariy ot« then I— No. I did not ■" you near 

Bngtend wai nearly beaten?— He conld har e .aid It, but I did not know. 

"PM. 'P.M. 'P. 28. 'P. 27. 'RSa 'Rji; ' 

lit 



him 



III 



Sir Roger Caiement. 







S!~^'^£^xrsi.ar^&,^r^^ 




I, I biiaiiBoui 
o( Ik. Otcaw. 



> Uwm ■ Ira. pMMg. >k| 

s-ijas:."^-^-^ fci i^'ti'isi.sSH 

IImd in oro..-axaniuu>tioii> 

?,•■>• "0 th. TOt-H lb. woo th. ».,. 

Ara JO" •m of thrt?_I taw 0.W hi«d him mj It. 

Wj.ittoo.mo3i, with th.^EhVoliS.„T-y«. 



And th*t th.7 mn to light to IraUndt— Tm. 
Xo wto Hob. R.I,I_y;1 ™™" *» 

.b^.Vi.'-wS'h^iii'^i^j- —^ TOTT-iSorrr.', i^tioo^ „^, 

*™.t?iJ".^' " 0«>»>>y let th. w«, on th. otb.r h^H rt.. .i.„.j _ .. 



Amarim!— Ym.' 



th. otbar hud, th.]r thoold 



:^X!,Sr^ s::"?;; ;i.!;&4« &™ <^l^-%h.th„ 



go to 



■aOMytohripUum lUong to AmtHctU-Ym. 



th.7 oonU gM uy 



IM 



>P. » 



•P. S4. 



•P.«. 



Speech for Prisoner. 



■«;»* »-fh>« CIO to at. 



.y" .'?' ';»'«»<'•. Yo. Ii.« f««hl tor 

1 «ad mjUrW Mrttwo. of tl» n^.T.rSSJ??™' 



«— fiSt"^ h«» !• » oluao. (or to,, 






K^ J. 1~— ~-. <«i«aMr llMh.lo-1 W 

n«y of th«n U different tii«.7^dTm«'t tj T' "^T^' ""> 
it «. a. far a. I have read, SU^Hoew rl.?,^n.^ '^""^ *'"? »»»<»t 

and would nmiain r&rCJX^i^^ "^^.^ *»'»« '<»™i 

G«n»ny won they w,™ to bo Un^S I^d ,7"^ '** ''™' " 
•tanoea wan tber to be aiked tnXST. "•"""• Under no oumua- 
Tboy ww» toT£,a^1: i^„y' '".•"? """try ewept theTown. 

•»wy witneta that I hare rZl T^ "eoeawry. AU areagreed on that, 
«id mtter. ofTat kSd-^ttb^^ cannot agree m to phraae., date,, 
»P«te atorie, t<5d Tditotn^n th\f ^ "^r^"? ooheaion o^ 
bruited on a -.lemnVdS^r^^?' ^.^'J"*^ ^"«f *" V ^"^ 
InAmen to enter into the^en?^ rf ^j/^^*^ 7*" 'PP«*x> to u 
to be the aervant, of tnj o^^^SV^S^ ~™'^' '""y »«« new 
of Germany, and tber iere»n^^r' ^^J~" not to be the Kinranta 
G«™Mi end. ToT^ te« ™f? i„ ™f°f 'T!^'** <» <» --ed for any 
you wiU aee how you^ h"™ ^ ^JT^ftt'Sr"'' 1? ' ■'"''* '""' "^'o"- 
Sir Boger Caaement'. Zd Oh S™ S^ah^ " o*"""? '''»* ™ » 
Qoveniment were intweSted in hif^.^^ ™^*'*°«"'> the German 
WM not a German. iH™ notl„V,a "?!**''»• What cared het He 
any German «^ what touM^ fl^ hun what were the caJouUtion. of 
"levant to inqufc^ Cut ^ht ^ ^ "^.' ^ ""^^^^ »» <«<>• " i. 



■ Ah Ainwndiz, KxhiUt 4. 



I«l 



Mr. MHm 



Sir Roger Casement. 



h« itated aguo and again with yariatioM to every man who was called 
SL »"?"*'• '.'T* .^,» 'P***-. « th»t rep™«ntad truly whJtw^ 
the man', mind, I wiU riiow you, I confidently hope, that that reor^nt^ 
no form of treawm. I hope to juitify it; if you aooert th^ vi^ThA™ 
to juatify every word he /Ud and eviiy wt he did ^ 

Ai againtt that maM of teatimony there it only the evidence or a 
pwtion rf the evidence, of the witnec, John NeiU^ ^I vriU i^Tto vou 

^!t^ZZ^f^'}^' ^^Jl^ ^*^^ » "ote that .b,olutel7^rv 
S^J,^^ )? Tv""** J"' *^"y °*^*'' '^'°«'; "»« than that, it 
SS^W^S r **■■ T'^"* ""^ '^" *»"" •""■» » contradicted by NriU 
h^U, and nere and here alone i« the amaUert auggeation upon whi* 
ultimately I jugge.t to you the Crown caae may hiST if thT wfeh to 

ritC'i-,-vnrth:i;;rwtTn\^;"Xp^^e?i^rm^^^ 

-o-Ud g«^«Mn?^W JlZ^flTtoig •'"" W; h. ..id th. Iri.h Brig^l. 
^AU the witnessea are agreed when the war wa. over,-if the remilt w» the 

sn^'wXi'r'^'tfA^^ '^ ^^^ '^«'«"> "- ^ ««' ^»»™-«^ 

that to^vXrj« ™'i,7 J^* a' ftj* 5™»- H? aUo trfd tt. Irhhrnan on 

other^^L'l'^nT^'?'/" the main everything that ha. been «,id by 
♦kI^T. ^'.^° '" * '***' P"* »* '■'• evidence I have already read 

WB. aaid by every other witnej*. He oomea back <» thi. oocarion«!i 

^tSl^tin"-^--^-^^ 

toM^^e. a matter of mnT,n«, and a note that we have not h3 

th«,^^ Wh«'c±;™I l!^*,;^?'!:",'' * ■^VJ^". Father Nichol«M, own. 
SSatptoS t^" ^^ *''«^ ^ '"""^ ttay «,. U to go ti hrfp S 



142 



'P. 37. 



•P. 38. "p. 38. 



Speech for Prisoner. 



under hU own hand. BafeT^rlV: 71- * .*^" witne«M». and he 
into the bo. to j^tZt St ocl^'r^T* *»* ^^ »" <«»»^ 
geta into the box ' ^^^ ««>tradiota what he swean. when^ 

'o^e'^7a n*"^ "^f ' •^' -" 0«»»- •«« that. 

that hi. written rtatement^rrSZj^'toX^" '^•''r'" •"« ™ffl!»t<^ 
on that particular day, or ttiXt m!^,i ^^t Particular day, aid that 
but that he often »w Wm alte^ti^^r ^r'?^' I* <"<> ""' •" "». 
mg over the ?oe, when ^Sd bTtkk^*™* ^"^ •■* '" ^^Ph- 
to the Attomey-General^eS S ^d^™*''"?"^''' ' '"^"k Sot 
I wUl tun, now to hi. croea^xStioni!!! "' '"'° '"'^•^ time.. 

at igS.C'^vt SjL.C'S'.r' '^"^'-^ '^ •■ I ~ go, „ an,™, 

K tC^I^ "™ '*'**"^* o* J^i* o^l""* to hin^ 

''^^yf^t^^^^^^-Z^^.ZrZ^ '•«-ttn..,-Y«.ti„»^^ 
I .uggeat to you that the witnea. aaw *«* »,« _. 

SLtr-.t ''•rr«'-^wt:.'^.:;';^rssfe"'^ "*» 

g«.t.Se:^^--^- -" -» •-- <- what wa. coming. , .„gge.e to you 

He had himaelf fiT«j ti,» j * • \. "«>•"« I dhnm,nilHr. 

^w —■Mt wy WM it wrly or latet-I oanao t mr. 

~ 'P. M. 

143 



t; 



Sir R{^cr Casement. 

It ™ th* ttm. h. OMM with ttOut Nlobobon T-Yw, it wi 

a^niSrii,'?/"?!.'*^ «x th. d«t« of Fktha Nlohobon ud Sir Ronr 
oomiM Uck to th^np M th. M r.briu7. 19WT-I dldBofc ^ 



I oa U. third tML 



ninmhw, yw. 
To whom did 



f!Io^! Sfu'S^Si'-'^o •«»« O" »t th. W« OS... 



Bow loBg Mof-On th. 27lh H.y bit. 

Wh It toku down in wiitias in toot prewno. I— 7m. 

And TOa iign«l itt-TM. ^ ' pn«io.i i«. 

Wm It tru«t-Wdl, thm WH . lot of it, t«7 nMrly it dl ww tnUL 

G<»«l"n». do TOU remember the paiue when I aikedhJmwa.it true; 
hi .J:^J!!r°J^',V I '"«»"' *» y»" »^»* •"« P»"«d a long time befori 
he awwered : " Wdl^ there wa. a lot of it. very nearly it aU wa. to^" 
That was a Tciry oanrfuny oonndered anawer. j- ■« ». mw. 

nnd^^.i;:^r?tt**„nt'Zt'^^ 1^^ ~ ■»' '"•'-^'» « ■»» - 
K?iit^*? -« -^'^'S^r—tiS^ 

nM"i»?« '1^*5^7' J'"'-' <»™»» *» *• '»•'•. y^ know. 
«u«. thJT >»»»• '-T- «>• b-t of m, opinion it ^ .li^i that tin., h. 

•' hi^^ '*^"* again fnan hia rtatement, I .ay—" When Quement came 

" S^ir^iT T'^t^ "P.*° barrack No. 41 by .ection. a. »ual, ttd 

QinnleM toM u. "-*hen there ia the statement about tiie Turk, wining 

from^Qmnle», that Caaement had told him to <»U tlie Irirt, BrigadeiS 

Did yon mj that?— Tm. 
Wu that tnuT— Tm. 

I,™ ^ ,f»^°* i. further read ; iiat ia not what Sir Roger Ouement told 
hm at ^ but somebody elw told him, and aaid it wa. Sr Roiw CweT 
nient ttrf he wa. to be told;. that i. a very different rtory Ci iJI^ 

•' N^^hT™.'^ ^l 1»'.J«''"^. 1918. "hen he camS back witt Fathw 
OlJ?^« St j"* •'* ^\?°* .1*»^ *° "»«■ 1 "»''«• »" 1^ again/ " 
..S?.y? ^ ^"^ •T"".'° "^ "^"^ evidence, before I oroM^oan^him 
about hi. rtBtOTient, that after thi. day, whatever be the ^h»%^ 

i 1^ out to huu from hia rtatement that he had ^, iak™ down 
"cZiT; S?-** J-"^ "f*' 0° tke 27th May-" I „w^C.«menrin S 
•■ S " X^^-\^ ^^J^ .n»ak to me. I neyer „w hii 
" JS^?'-. Pi ^ '^,^® ™***" rtatement; he i. aAod— " Wa. it 
Th^I m^ "'™' ^ *' •"*""" *'™"8 I did not .ee iZ.- 



.bonUh^ri'l!w,r^c.T^ i. " l"" C«""t in th. oamp at thi. tim. "-thi. wm 



Speech for Prisoner. 

„ hm .gain „„ that eyenuig " I L!^ "? ^f**""-!'- I did^n^^^ 

B« yon w.^'^TthtL^-f™'"".'^"' '" thXSTta' "" """P'-O" *S 
.i~y°" °°"M only hJr*S„nf ""»<>« to tha lioMr^ 

FoUow m, .gain, j ^,, " "■ Oenn»ny md oould go 

**•' "«■'»«• "»• "<» I «» hto in th. cmpTl never J^k'" **• ««'P 

Yon h«rd h. g.v. „ «,d^ 4_ . „ ^ ■""•' -w hun .g,in „J 

^y. I mi/ht .g? ■»" «■• •'•f you .„t «V hto,_Ho «. in th. 

Bv *li' *• V "° »«• in the ounp srwy 

«-~I«„dn.y^. =«««'»on,o..,the„. H. i^C'S Z'SLn„ , 



III 



Sir Roger Casement. 

B^ I lugK-t to 70U, a Uttk. worn by hU oroMH««mm«tion, the 
iH™ Attomey.G«iie«l reexamined him to re-eitobUih hi. credit, and 
objerye the quejtion. that vere put to him to give him an opportunity of 
•iptaning how he came to have w many variation, of the «imethinK>— 

Sbw muy tinea do you think you uw CMemant •Itogather? 
~. J? ^F"' *■» '"^ m^t oonfuee either one person with another, 

Mdhe^Y^AlJl"^ f *^* "" happening two or three or four time.. 
^ .^-^fr ^} Iv' °°* '"°^"» "*''«' **^ mother, but the witne«^ 
Ssr^^cSl^enf "°'*""'''° *^* •" '^'^'^^^ --<^ ™a 
a lot^ttaSr """ *° "" *^^ '"" "" ^*^"" »ltogrth.r?-I h.T. M« him 
th.t'^lJ '■"' ""''-I "Jlw^nmbw how aany ti«M., h. w«. thw. « olt«, in 



,??'T'!r?? ?'""r^''» •xaotly-bw roughly, do you think you h«^lL 
•peak MTwal timw. for .very tima be waa in the oamp 



n—k1—l have heard him 
MWjM aU the time talking, 
i !MTbn», four, or fix timea, or how many T— Nearer forty-ali timea 

I mJ^flSL^"'^ I**™" "x" 8»™ te«ti»»°y to « .tate of ailain which 
imort oonfldenUy aak you not to beUeve. On every other occaaion thi. 

had made the only appeal that I have ever heard made to any of my oountoy: 
men, to invito to toke up anna on any ooca«on. an appeal that ha. recruit^ 
S^^m/J""""" of them to the Colour, at the Went mom^ttat 
^.^^.""^.^I to fight for Ireland, and I would mo.t relp^ 
Mly.ub«nbe to the doctrine that no IriAman ha. a right to taS 
vp amu or nak hia hfe for any cauae that i. not in the .ervioe of Ireland. 
»♦ ♦iJl^^T'. T ?™? "I"° ^^^' ""1 "I»° "'»''* »lone, the tranifer 
SL^^"* ^ '"hi ':",*° ^f^" P^ •"" "»* yo* happened, even on 
the mow gnm view of Admiralty deapatche.. There are thSTmen ramain- 

i^ 'f^ '.v^^"^., J"",^*™'' '=**«^ » K"°'P«' »' *hem afterward., 
^^v .^"j**"* ^*^ *^ '"* ''^"•* Limburg in the new and perhap^ 
iomewhat gaudy uniform. No one haa aeen thim marohing or cWiS^ 
marohmg, or even mdulging in .ham flght. under tie command ol anv 
German officer, ^ey have never appeared in arm* to the detriment of any 
one of Hu Maje.^'. mbjeota. and, accordingly, I a.k you to believe that 
what wa« done there never in fact afforded the amalleet military aid or 
any oUier aid or oMnfoirt to the German Government; but if you wiD 
Mieve what u far more important, whether he ia right or wrong in what 
he did, that the man who .ought to recruit them lK««.tly aaked them to 
jmn in a cause which wa. to be the wrvice of their own country, and their 
own country alone, and repudiate any idea that whatever benefit any other 
oountiy may have thought they would gain, or wiahed they would gain, out 
of audi a tamwction, hia motive and his intention were clean and clear, 
that he, at jU eycnto, would be no party to his countrymen being u.ed 
at tiie nak of their live, m any cau» that wa. not the cauw ot their own 
land. There u miggerted, and I do .ubmit to you it i. a mean and im- 



146 



'P. 42. 



speech for Prisoner. 

of Febnjj^ iiu':!!:^"!'^^ .^th^"Zu„TS?r^"™"y '^^ «^ 

.'SfT'lS^' **?* '^^ •^te WW tori iTADril W 'f'^JL^-P'* "^ "»"«» 
»t— a reduction In the qualitT of «1? ?• ' "" ** *•* moment I fonret 
iwtotoe. of »me other /^ri^Vf ^ "tion, and the wbrtitutkmtor 
that .t the time of theTmi^orSir iLiT^n*^ *" '* teetified to tl^ 
«mp, but that the W^CwinTon a^r,<^"T*".' "" "»' » thi 
before it. No man wu eviX^fa.n^ the reduction of ration, a. 

•ver thr«»tened with Xl^S."?, r"!,.'?'* "T '*''"* 70""" 
Cawment wked him to io Th^^' ^J'^ "** ^° "'"t si Roger 
camp, they were bette/dotiied a^ T 1?^ ^"°^ "*" '^'«"t«i fromtte 
than the Ordinary pZ:^^ j^^^^Xt w^"]!?*- *"!?• '•« '»«^ (^ 
whuper of » threat from .nv I„™.„ T!- ***^,fi«d '" thi. Court to any 
reduced if he did not ccmply'w^nSe'!^*' f "* 'j' ™«<»» "oM 
but it wa, .aid that after sfrRZ^cSLCnt" -"l^'' "*«'' Caaement! 
reduced, and if tney were not, SS^*"!,' ""V/otioM were in f«rt 
your Navy. If ..tlon. are not 1^3^: ^IT""" ""' "•'"'' °»«* of 
•outtte your shipe. Of cour». IZ ™u .r.j "?■'"'''■ i^?" "«>" «■ w«U 
I»«*J<m of the Germans, t™ first _C^? J«^'°8 "tb a p^ple in the 
•upplie. run ,hort in G^uy yJZTV't.*^, P'""'' »' hunger if 
.oldier, who had foughT^^t ft^tS^.** P'!'"^ ««". wiU iTthe 

that they are pretty .hort of «>ni fo^lffri„ r^ * ^** *° ™88««t 
are reduced in a countiy in which JL^™* ° G«-'°any_when ratfon. 
food u not .o plentiful or a. chean L.*^n '.v™ J"^* ™»<>° to beUeve 

country, i. it oreditabtet" ttiHbZ^?^ T^ ^"^^ ««> it i. in your oto 
and malicious motive, that an^WW^^^^'i,'- "'"J" *''« *><='' the n^ 
amongst these men who, wwU "tw TJ^' P"!*.*" «'''"» "" object 
him, ^ hi. oount^men^S h:Vas Lv'^jf ^"•" *'««?'« ^ 
to vrndicate his own conceit and hiT sel?^&^, 'V"!"*^ ^^^ i° onJ«- 
of anything so mean or ignoble ab^ntlZfT^' '' *■""* ""r «"dence 
vemon of what he h.. «.^ "aid 5^ bT * I . ^' '""^ "l <*"" « the 
been established to bej I, that o^^t L"^ ^""^ *° ^^^o >t ha. 
out of petty spitefuIneL anrf ^.t^T^"* ','*'' ">« """ud of a man who 
«.me fe^o? m^^ ttem deS^robrJI.- ^'^^ "^ ^nZ^!^ 
projecto • is that the opinion yruXve of & '^y"" "^ °' "» P»l'«'»l 
•p small that the man with the^ „rj„^i, ■ ' ■ ^ '•'""anity » mwn and 
that my learned friend «»™ behind tt^i^r^'Pi^'l*'* '""^ »' patriot^ 
« mtriguing that they wiu'un^^lt Nation'"""/'"' "^ ■"" ««*« 
thm have not listened to him J I a«k ^„ * *'°°\""' '""'y became 
and' not to allow your judgTento w"khTave to".!* '^"^ •'"."" ^^^^ '^'^ 
•"?'?". *° ^" i"" bnid iLe^ r^s cl« f^ ^^r""*^ "P"" '^at I 
not find me pett fogffinff— do nnf tI* !^5^' "' believe me, you will 

«on. of thiaSnd, Slfve"n1t'tTe,'pfe*> ™'^'' "^^ ™»-- 

ftom the lip, of any human beine ftat I hfvIT j" ""Z <=J«f-out charge 

I have dealt 4h the eriden« of ww\ '^'^ 'i*^ '" *^» Co"^ 

p^;i1Stirn.rti^^£S^?Sl"^S^^^^^^^^ 

later. , come now to the evfdrnr^m 'i^dt".XwV^ ^ 



^" ^°S^ Casement. 

community .pLt ^iZ ^ my i'l^J^^lfl"'' *."1»>«'°~ th. 
far a« tlii. cmo i. concerned, IbLu^'^uJ^™.?.'""^; '"'*• ** 
bofore ^u, Uiat Sip Roger C«Lnt ^n)*? "" .*^'* <="• *"*"• 
Mt within IreUnd. Hr™ d^ '^k i"*' ~°"°i*t«J "y illegal 
tl» charge h.«. „d ^d SUt^i„*i?X r^t"" 7" <^'^' 
not trr it here-he wu chaW S , jlk t^ ^*"' '" y™ ~»" 
««iilt alleged ugainrt him O^J^^u^ theh,gh.wat»r mark of th. 
"gulation. mSe under thTSfm« of thI B Ji'*?!? ' "'?' ""««* »' «>. 
and the breach of the ^iS. ->^ \?f *? *"*• ""^ "othing >««•, 
cont^ry toTo« reXZ^^rLnS J*, ^. T '^"«^ ™' «^ 
that boi of flmmunuK St «n^:^ "" ^""^ *'«^ *^"» Pitd* and 
formulating the WgWaterTaS^Tv 't" i",f "* *""» »""d. a oha™, 

aa they are relevant to^e^!l^„,i' "y>™n>cnta in Ireland .ave *o far 
committed in Germ«.rf« Tt^l j' . ' ^*" ^^ ''' '^'^ *• »'»~ 
arraigned he i,D^Sd^t^ do n^'°^h-"°*^*, "P,"" ''^<* ^e .tend. 
of the ,«,rld'. .urfacS to ihe klT^r^ '"**'' "" T o^"- ?<"«<«' 
ajat I have put in thHS^TrJ^ of X a^^'T '^.*''^. "T'"" '* " 
Gorman evidence becan.. „,. *i,l n ^ a"™" the conaideration of the 

may take «gm-ance of the f«^ SteLdlf ^ ?.1 ' ." ,^ '"PI** '* 
traveUed over the .ea. He 1. foTd i^ i„,"/" "'""'•' P"™™» »>• 
«»ne place 10 or 12 mile, .e," oTZ Z!'^'^^ » '«"'y •*««>. 

they te'™"^'^U"mft,^^r:itr^e1S<r^ *° ^ "** '^'~—. 
•^ in the'indicfLt 411 thf pri^'*"^Pt •" .*" T" ^^ 
wad to you, you will perh^ rem^W ?K^" /*"* ■"'* ""^ '* 

out from Gerimy, in irfer^ c^iw t ' '" *"»*<> '^«' "tting 

o«t«de the »aJof ^S^ ^ f ^eSZT'^ J^Z™*"? "«* "^-^g^ 
part of Hi. Majerty', Wdom ^ed C.^ /"«?f^ '"*^'^* "^ **»» 
c< the Ctermu, aipi^^^^T?^™?"'!. and weU within the frontier, 
G««nan Empire Si? R^c^ c«L3^ " ?<'*,'*«8» that out.id6 of ^ 

fTl am at a^^^ ZZZZ^^^fV^'' ^^'P^' 
J nearly called him a .eaman, butTGilrZ Z ''."* «"* *^» '''tfil"- 
"bell" waa examinedruThe ha, teW ^^ li ^°^ *" "'"'P " »™- 
at hUf.pa,t «x in the eZin^^"^tjZ ^ImJ^ ''" »' ^pril, 
Atlantic Ocean. The Attomlv fi«,»r.i • .""ghted a .teamer in the 

it wa. «>mewhe« near S ^ifl. " '"^"^ *^* "««• •<*«»d th4 



Speech for Prisoner. 

"ioubt tint that nrnmnf. . w ■»• **!»■ 

•Dd «in« of it WM oertainlv fiS« 'vZ^T ''?'"' '' "" true or f^e 
W «pt.in told no monZ,^^ '°" "" P"**""? I» of opini^ Z?I 
moM„,tent, when he .toteTthSri,- " "T*"'^' «°<" "one ttaT,^ 
"b«ng,ie eipI„.ti„„S*t^.^* h« ^">'""J '"■» Bergen to G»^ 

It wae b«c«ue of that that I iiS«™t^!^ ? ™* neighbourhood of Trale. 

^t^^n-s.Tt^^^'^-^K^s^^rr^-s^ 

•P"«^ar .-W-tio/'that ap^'S^'th^ ^f ™«'^o»- '* w^H, 
fOMt of Ireland on her ooun» f^^n' "'P' "Hning down the w«» 

bo«d with two oom^STii rt ?*"««?,«»»« Strait.fthChtaov^r 

P^Dg for. She had on I»ard a ^.TTk ^*' *** "" ''here he wa. 
intereating di.ou«ion u^n^^ riSr^^ °' "««'- '"'d "e hare h^iSI 
tte pattern of the c»rtridgee!X if^H»^ ,^' '^^ P»'*«™ they a^ 
the rtrange thing being, „ fU „ ?^1f """f' ""> *« bayonet o«e 
Afferent nation Jities. %Z wa,VuS"*°iv1^'" **»« "rticL werT^f 
tte cartridge clips, I think were ftf.."' I**'' ""^ ^outh American 
Identified a, beinj any defeite 'cSt^Z' "^Lt filT^L'^- '^^"^ 
that ship, whose fate we know c^ir itj^ t* **"* ^""'"n g«n- How 
in connection with Sir Roger CaZ-tT,,'"'^ be brought intj our eto^ 
»ent upon which the BtoA, wTiS^H^iST "? ''^' '««'"» the .toS 



?^' 



I 



Sir Roger Casement. 



Now, gntiaoMi, I pui from » oouidwatiaa of tho oridmo* to tfitt 
h2S.^ 7*"^ *^? »«,»>»" t«tifled tot 0«itlm«m. on. grtTTtili 
u»to. I prenim*, uid it i* ptrheaj endent, thit an Enriiduiua nmiu 

tJ^^T ■"*"■ *^* "*r »'»^8'~"«. « IririuiuT^rWown 
oorntiT by it« own nuno m do« } Sootdunu, and, I think the habit 

Sl.Tli.^..^"^^'-. K*^^J^ Attornoy-Ooi™! .poke of Sir 
K^wCMement • wmoe. to Engiuid. Sir Roger CaiementS™. not in 

i^i»!n^' 5l *^'"''- ?^ **«" ^"^°t wa. in the .wrioe of th. 

- i^.f ^u' °" "v"^^'* Dominion. In Inlaid fou have'not only a 
•^ate people, you ha»6 a Mparat. oomtry. • An IriAman'i loyalty ii 
t^t *" '"^' ""* 't ^'"^J •» » '«7 ""T day f<«. the Empire ^en 
loyJty to one', own native land .hould be de«n^ to be treiaon in a 

iZI^JTJ^Vv '^"/•,."? *=°8"«'' authority in Ireland, however 
mproperly f-r the .ake of pohtioal fwjtion. the name of your cointry may 
™!.ifl .t^'^ " Engh A official e«roi». the .maUeat authority when he 
OToMe. ^ Channel. Tho« who hold high office, here have no porition 
a no official po.it,on in Ireland. Hi. Majerty, under the Act of Union. 
Z It^*!"?"*, ^^ ««''* P™»"»d by the article, of the Treaty, and 
ha appoint, hw InA officer, under the great wal of Ireland. No Wmo 
ha. My oonrtitutKmal nght m Ireland to wwk to bully or dictate to any 
fcutow in a,e name of any other «ction of Hi. Majerty'. United 
Kingdom We are your feUow-citiien., but by no mean, your inferiors 
™.» w "'"i; ^"^ "*P^\<>^ right, in Ireland a. we Aould re.pect 
^u but when you rtep ih«de that part of Hi. Majerty'. Kingd^, 
5l^i. !^ "^ there not by imy title of King of your land, but in 4«)eot 
of hm title a. Kmg and ruler of the United Kingdwn. 

«^mg tiiat hM any n^t to caU it«lf Engluid, in the conduct of Iridi 
^r., you will then Mk yourwlve. what wm there in Ireland in 1914 
aid 1916 purportang to act m the name of England that required to be 

S^.^^hft'^L^Il^^^AJL"'"''' ^ mctlnwilUng to «y anySi^ 
ttat might in the .UghteM degree Mem to be tiwpMHin| or infringing ot 

^»^f-"'*I! f "'L^'^h *'' 0°^ " outaideit, but you w^Lv. 
^TZ tv'* ^""*"»'- "d look !>»«* "d Mek to find upaf the evidence 
what wa. the power that called it«lf England in Ireland in 1914, To" 
a. I have already pomted out, under the constitution there i. no Englid^ 

^IZ o?^''--T'",''T«"* ". •?"'"P" '"" *"» " «>«« O"- 'o™- 
r^3,T„» ^** "' *""". *™*'°8 " ^at country, almort within 

gun.hot of your own country, that cart, a reflection and a diwraoe UDon 

Un"Kt«^'' r TrJT'^i:'. *' "^'"^'^ P^ !^ «>7 part^hi. 
united Kingdom ahould be jubjeoted to the buUying and intimidation 
loO 



Speech for Prisoner. 

Uw ouy in f«t prevail beyond thrnir-nS i »'•''»* barb«roui 
"rone from the imaim tr^uT wWrf, .^ T™J*** ""^"'^ 7°" '<«" 

or later, unlea you belian f»»n *?^- '™*"8 »■» another uoMr 

b. d«; und:rru^''" iXd*^irzr2; wSi!^ "i"? ™y 

peace and to poimm what ml^T^tuiZ, 7^ ^^ ^"^ to Ut* at 

of Ireland an armed ho<Iir of mT- ^. Zt ^^^\ ■ ^'a^waa in tbe north 
p~»e.. in BelfaliJ^leSteWri^^^tn^ '^'^^ «»'^» 
ing the operation of an Aofof pS^nt^i^^'?!;?^ '•''j'^ "^ "^ 
reat of the country. T^yZ^^fiZ^''' ^ *^? 'PP"""^ »' «» 
drilled, and nothiS waa a^^d ^Z^L .1. '"^"H/T "^"^ *» *•>"»; «»T 

the authorit.^ ZlTy^loolrfU 2L^^"^^'"*'™'^ 
1«» They had in«at foJ^TluS^^?*! ^^' '** I*""" ""• Po*"^ 

Zik a. what^'^<^*S^lXd JhrSH*~*^,'^r*°' ~<"^ "'•r 
Kerry To th« rJ^^^r^^ • . ^>»«aon> of Kerry, now County 

rSr J t^ p^K»t4't7.;,:L'r'ci'-,*'*" "?>•" -"^ ' 
the oiva Government pr7Sl% Sted^ tS,« T'" """^ P^^^' 
that itood between oeaoe MdtL iSZ^ . Z^ **°S * '■™»" *»» aU 
might not pj^ C^u^' ™„"«« »' *^°" "«». Hi' Majeaty. Army. 

mayZern^Ll'hta7^:?Vot^"L"'f''*~"* '""^ "P-»tatiy.. 
un/er the conrtitution had ?t ^SSSi ^y' 4l ST' ' ^ ^J' ""• '* 

J^;ird*-tS! tntf ;i^S/^ p^rzidit-p - 

mpport. Tou m«TliJ^5^ J perhapi prove madequate for your 

f Hy^i¥£^L^'^ --"^" in ^zi:^^ 

a ciyu goyemment can be terrorued into obtaining hit right., ti^ if hi. 

1(1 



Sir Roger Casement. 

»«• cissrsii u s: :^tJLi jr-* *» »»" •» ^"•^ «/ 8., 

•?*"»»» the m«tw ]«tdm SlJL.^ uadMrtanding ud a oonTBition 

«^ ?' •f'ir. liHUd i pJtTC to-lLfe;."^'. *^ ^^ 
■?«> kept M lu «a thuk PrMi^-!^^ . ^ " *• ™Mtime, fiith hai 

own Und, to writo tW mS-^„ ' ?* ?^»"' »"«»'«<»• of thdr 
tUt would h.T. uTtoiS. wS^ "'S^'l " *»~»»- • <«S 

«ght (or EngUndj'no mu ow, iSThT^i. "»"»««« "on. of th«n to 
•wUaioo. Kwh man W«t fcLST!r^ ^ "PP"' •• that to an Irkh 
••ring th. £Jbt,°T, ™'i?^,.S*«"»«, *^t f" ""ing in tU. w 
to hi. own littl.'^SinS^ "bu" h« alZ""'!*?* *^ "^^ •^" >» «^' 
•orutini- th. int«»ti» of SiJ B^^L^T?' " ^^ a« indoTS 
not by what he intwided or wLt ^ Cta-nent in what he did abroad, 
th. Crman politfelST^U ^uSS ^"SJ! 'H' "^.O. but th.^l^t 
of it, you might go backed 8^1 rtt* <^ ^^ ""«'" ultimately g«t out 
right, for yo5 mS.t^"t^iS t?at tS?^ oataUation. do rj^o^ 
aw filM UWer^with MaiSjiaVm .!^'3S?^«f ~-°""<'i»' «»»^ 
^ got. ae truce wa. kZTin the iLit^'f' ' ****•' <""■»«"> thai 
rifle wa. given up. ™ ^ h«« w^JM.*""'.'"*^'^' «>*■ • li^ 

£^'%:"ti'---^--£^^-^.^:t&s 
St^-^' fsitrSSr i - -^^^ 

»el that they run no riak that ™n..i~. ..v. .'"f™*. " ^^ <*uae men to 
ffij Majeaty'. dominio^ WdT^.^ '"'^ •««» in «.y part of 
rtUl undittTOwed. ■Se truT. ;.^«f^?~ "^ ^^' ^^pZ 
«r«g«nent. a po.tpCn^rof^,%^ '"? 1^* ""J « t-^S^ 
which wa. promiaed to the country whrZ\^ Woodriied and outragi 
Mwne that there were found iTlrd Jh^J^ Tf '" °^'"'' •»<! can ySi 
who thought. «,d, «, ,ar a. fomu^l±'*'S:^2, " "^-o"?'? »' WduC 
flnt duty of loyalty wa. to ^Z,f!l' ^ ^•"f''* "K^t, that their 
that ri,e wa, rtiU in danger wMe ^ll*^' ''":*• •"" ""o thought 
"""P., Md there wa, oSSTtT be i^t^^ .TT"^ ^''^^ i- a«n«d 
when Irehind wa» to h^m^ ^^^^^^Tf ™1*'^ *^« *" »d«d the^ 
h.v. thought «, honeiSr^d wJlTwe wh'°;;»''°^«'''' """y ""^ 

-^ wa. in ^uch^d^r^wVf^ S ^ ^^' S 



Speech for Priioner. 









MOT 
in tl 

i-opi. '^giZ'Z^^^J^j' *^ y™ •«" «»»d? SJ 

migiit bnak out . " "•* '~'> "«> «!>•» «y^oSnt thm 

BobioMo. "• •''*~» »' *»» i-gMnt and tin .Tidno. of 

IJo to«D Ow Jiwnoi-Tou h«.^ • w'. uneoiToboratwJ. 
i"*" tt. norTofwSr^'**"'"'* " "» »^ imporUtion „f rffl. 

1 CO-?:. t"„^ /zr;;„T5 it^.tsrsii'^ ^^ «~' "t"-"- 

••w»l .oooa,io„;, „,, , i„*^° if t^." J^"*^' »•* »» '»*«»««• on 
« rtting Bettor which i. iSTrorMe^™' "It".' ,'T*"- ' ^^-^ ^^ 
0* being Mated in oridono. 1 know **^ ■ ' "' reooUeetion 

wno TOne^^lj™i!*T*"^*y »n7 Jo'" iorddiip did na inter 
nrf-TingtowMflU.!- *^ •"'"'^ *'"» ' »>«", but wh.t I wS 

while? f •fi^''"o''^i"'^JS^ 5i.'^.":i^J~^'^'-'r... 

whlleV-Yj.. v<>»»«<mury wm you enMennl i. ^^ing undi |, for . 

gd ^: Ltd? ^'^•^S-aS^ti^".*" ""•«'^ '« « ""^r-r.. 

Jjwple drilling .-Yefc ™""""" »"•' by My enthorityT-rM. 

Manhing?— Yee. 

SUrmMhuig through the oomtrrr-Yee 



■P.M. 



163 



Sir Roger Caiement. 

«lttt i. wh.t w. M, dtdlnT^iJh »l«i«h w, !»», to d«J i, 1916, 

Mr. Bnuruh~H it thi* quMtion.i 



pratMl 
*nitk«l 



nti rMt ap to iMt OMathT— T«. 

f« «Ti.p««. b, th. iw«, ^ tb. lud. R.nu.ta.,_Y« 



I WM undo- tha impnaaon I ma mfM4„„ *_ *!. 7^ 



I 



if 






witnaaa., mugnU-^S^^L^ *" /fl^t-' ""^ ""^ «•! th» 

waa orar tba Iruh BrSdJw t^ kTJT^i*". ' f"""- *•»" *»»• »« 
on. iritaaaa »S^tt?^~to ^^r^^l"^' 'Sl'^ » '^"'«». 

«>v.yingTJSl^/3w tl^tr!.*° •* "^^ " **»* the WA Brigade 
you thould ^^ to rt^^ r: f ^ ^ 5"* ^"'""teer movement in Irdand— 



IM 



" P. 61. 



Speech for Priioner. 



wuiMvr. Howimr muoh Qtmuaj mivht lik* to «■ aftar tiu ..r^ 



JmbUi-T-Lj ' f™"!""""" Of a lUto of »ff*in in which th«« 
•ought to raeruit. H» purporttd to 



•nawd b* wmed i»mn in uit ntrt 
th* Tiow put (orwut! V Sir RoMr 
not to dUmo OenuMiT thrth* 



SSrBX^t,^iiT^ ^""'T inoTm.«,t or in ooonwtioo ,ith tny 

SIr2__fr^ '^ oonjiderstion, that in Tiew of tho lUto of tS^tTZ. 
*;««m«K««.t o: th. w»r, going no furth., hwtlS io a,t» i^^ 
SjJS'f,.'^'^ "Hi «.«,n.bIo .nl^afon a. wh.t k i,. dSSbto^tS 

to.mX.'SSni^ '-"-—n.-.. of o««.. ,. ,in .djonn, ,ntU 
The Oourt id^ooriMd. 



US 



Sir Roger Casement. 

V 

I«ra^ lladffl^ S, **?•»• '»™™"««" to^^ ^" ^''^'' "»d heavier. 

^ o'e^ y"" «» Wieve Sat L'^f^'P^ "^ *•>« traitor whfoh tht 
- -tto-.-Gener.i hi, ^.^^' ^1;,^^ Sl^ C 



Speech for Prisoner. 

•J~^y given, nmmelT, the .peeoh.. -),;„., *i„ *' ****"" *"" 

^ •^*f o' feeling there at Lt^W-'-ltC^ "'''^5- '^t ">« "«d 
' wu that they ahould ko foi-wTrt Vn^ What he would urge upon them 

;; thv devo.^'them«Iv^T^X'cS^^rft^S^SS^.t"r' ^ ^ 
the covenant twelve months ago IlLrl^ *? 7''*° ^V ngned 

'•^L^rto^^:?.- "^^ wh^-tLey ^-^r^^^ ^^-^^-to" 

--P-'^^g^t'r::;;;^^?"^:^^^^^^^^^^^ 'we 

Mr. ABTumra Joses_I C tZ lo^^L^*"^'' *^»* P«t of it. 

pomt. He part 1 did reaHut w« ^1 tl? '"'* .'"8™ »* «■« right 
black hne., which were marlced at tt^tjm! "^ i^ ^""'"K ''*''''' «>e two 
your lorddup wiU remember *"°* ""* ^o™ *» the witne« if 

little ir^X STof'^^f ' ;^!!:f "^^ -«J»<». thie was aU a 
^ U8 for the defend, ^ "^^ ^" ^"^^i,"*.??'' ?»«■ '* "» PenJt^^ 
•eemg those new»pape« at aU. Whit h^u^ *^ °°* f ^ ''« remembered 
IS^J'^"' *" ^« ««"* that Zl^ ^g^^rM*^'^ 'If. »™»l>ered 
aUowed ttoae pa«age« to be read. I thK^.. '^ .SnU'van, and we 
P»rteof the speech it becomes a very ^^ 'I ^^^•8°"8 *» ^^ otter 
Mr. AsrgHDs Jobbi— l^^i '"V. "^^nt proceeding. 

tte newspaper and reading the pasj^s^l, ,"lt Z^ ^ ^^^^ "P 
on the assumption that it reDreJMntar.II^ . ™ """'' "*• I ™£i it 
notes Let ie draw your"Sb^.tf.n^" ^PP^v"^ '" the d«.rthand 

The ATTOMrar-GMSu , "S'P ' attention to the passages 
oWection, butTSo^T^efd.^'j'r *^ takel^um.eoe..ary 
intne««, upon which m,\^^TiJl}!L'^}°. ** '»«'«" »' tS 
prove that a speech waT mX^ .11- ^- . 't ie a strange way to 
whetter he readTre^rt^'n^f hf S/v''*"*" » * <»^'"J ^ 
reooUection of the answw is Zt thi ^, ^ ^^ "^ *hat report. Mr 
he i«d something ♦<, ^at X* *^ "^^ "««"«' «nade by the ^tnc ^ 

-Hat I^^Toin^ JL?r^"'ti '"''stric'S'''r^ '*■ "^ «-t is 
i'<r',t'?*""^«»»''''«ltothedefenr'beoau«t?''' '^T^.i^gular, but 
difficulty m getting strict proof -^H ^ . u? ""^ht have been in a 

Mis-i-^^^'i^ritWt^^^^^^ ^ 

that a .p«ch ^arX^fl^rTow fH?;*"- S^™'l "^^ ^ 
what purports to be a newspaoerreM^t Jl ^ ^** ^""*'^*' ^he reading of 

-tnes. in the question SSH^I^ ^'hi^^'-Cr to^^t^f '^^ 

W 



■n trttmu Jot 



Sir Roger Casement. 



w»ttethingt^lSt4^^,'S^/''*S" rf'^' 'Court of Uw 

Wh.t H yoar hwdqanrter. ?— Tralee. 

How long >n you itoUoned in Tntnl-Wv, T«n 

/«J™SLr^' "• ^™ -"^ f-*»ytki^ 1 «n get hold of-th. /™» «««. th. 

you are entitled, and I «> gtoSf ^ rS^ 15,*''^"!^'? P""**' ' "^ 

Mr. ARTmm Join»-If your lorddup please../ 

■•-1^^ ?^^''to«Ut''i.?'The™ ™ '^^ "' "-"-"^ "' P~P" to "»gl.nd 
goingonj-Tin th. pap.™ °" "*• ""^ """"""t »' tli.t wrt of ^peSdng 

tb. «:?".r'pis;2js r.Ve' iz^- ""'J r^ >"«» iwdeot .bout it u „ 

»« miirf up together. ^ "neoting. In different pwte of IrekSd, uJ tfc^ 

of UiOMMd. of p«>pl, in EnglJd ttfalZL .7 "» •^"("tky "d iupport 
"gr«t«it plsuur. in Veokoning*hinuilf« ^£1 2!" """T"'' >" ""d^ 'k. 
••'•;'«"• '-Either .pjeohM^r ZLent to ?h.t eZL ''°^'' *° **»» «««" 
They were c.roul.t«i bro^ict through the ^uSJ^^No doubt. 
m,en the other pawige i, read in another que.tion»- 

::fri«d.;rEfg;^1it5:o"tho^?'^' jrSd -rwT.r' "-'^ '■?!' — ^ r-*- 

gre.t forces which were niSh.llJdh.WnJ til n '" "'^ """ *" «ilt of the 

f"^V^tSe-SSlS'«-»hl^^M^^^^^^^ 
■■nation beUe™, tb.t the "^l^^^-^'^^^'^^-o^S'u'J^SiJ^^^ 
Then follows this paasage in the next queation- 

••lto]|iL'who'ud°f"uit1h,?S^tv''.r».''''' *" ^'.' *"'• ""^ -"-J" fl^d tho» in 
:;«<r who would bi pr^i^S t^p™« bTSS^.^' r? °'. °''^' '" ">"' »*«^°<S 
■■w»nghttheyu.e«.tXt.r,J-rig?tXrhf::^^flt;.t^.ai^;4'?^^|y 



188 



■P. SS. -p. 56. sp. 67 



Speech for Prisoner. 

B,^ I proper to ««, ft«„ the orc-^^^ainlTT^t 

lid' s:pf °/iii»«jpsjjSs,^"^5rbr "^!:''°'«' '•' • "■^'-Y* 

P«ople diilllng!_ye^ ">i"wra»a with by any authority J—Ym 

MjreUngt— Ym. 

oUimi^Hng through the ooiiiitryt-y«. 

tiK, evidence of Britten.Xt before I 5^ St^\*" .Tf.""*' P«««8ein 

ssSchX.'^ --■• ^ '^ «^s^r4S^£t:?''J;f^^^■ 
poUce^then^efves, pXifed in re^l priot'"tf tb""'"''' "^^'^^g^^^ 
on eubsequently, because the refsrVn^ ♦ "^ ^ *?"* "" ""^ l""™ gone 

the public. I think that ;. » !!;i? .?^ ■ .''•™ Parhament and b^ 
.nd the^fore } ailn&i'tCM^iT'^i;?*' «''.'«"ation to S^ 
munity such ae you havein iS %Tf ^' ST*' '^"'^ » ""»■ 
what they eon«der to be wronm hTrinJl^ f^^ and bitter memorie. of 



"P. 49. 



"P. 82. 



IN 



■r< IHmbu Aaw 



Sir Roger Casement. 



1; important for you to bear that fw* inmS.H CT^ • ''•'"'••?». ** 
that thi, loyal J,^t of the SSpuTa^tS Att<SS^T '* T 'i?'^ ?"" 
up till 1911, firat became oomieotediiS! •^t*««?»y-General called him, 

quartion which he put, and prowrirnurTn h; ~°'P'<'*» "»"«• to the 
to him that he will todX^3e/ in tt^ ^ ''^""^ ••**"*' ' ""eS"* 
been nad out, and, Xve aTTth. fZ^T J?!'?"'*' "*"<"• that have 
diapute, that it w»'n ttat 'w« S^^J^'^ " "T" ' *^''''^' ^"T"^ 
Nation^ Volmiteer move^nt '^a^r\?*™°' Z'*'^ the frid. 
•tance in mind, becauiTTm. k„™^*i,^ ' ^ °"^ •««' *''»t «roum- 
before. for you'tonSTin'tte^v^^nS « iratlTiL ™';S' ■" ' '""^'^ 
m Court UaUng to the immU"e ewech of «^^» ^"T ^^ ^<^ 
have thought thi waa a cl^hth^, I , . Attomey-General might 
may have ttoughtT^^efTf ms ,,^{1^1^''^^ undefended. l^ey 
throng, which a.i, id^h^ Z^^'^^^^y,^\^°f,T'°r^^ <"^^ 
reddened with the Mood 0^0^^? 'th^w ** ^*l^' °' ^"""I* "• 
doe, «»m at first sigM ,^ oSge that ^1?",."' *^ T'l"*' ^^'^ '* 
for «o long ahould glto tte enemv ^Tw 5 "'"' ""^^ *•"« ^™Pi™ 

againat hS own Swere^m ffi T^^"^ ""^ commit high treaaon a. 
Attorney-General d1^"^t it ilrLT/™ J"'**"" '"<* *h» •«"««> 

Germany, giv ng ail and comfort t/» rt. #; . - ^ ' enemies in 

you are dealing Witt the la^~o^^^5r«^* T"V«- G«»tlemen, 
J?»" ago, and the rZ^^g^^^^,^^*?. 1^^/^'^ six hundred 
tune, I auggest to von wL mmri^n !i, "?.""* oomfort " at that 

"aidand^mfort-'^Jihry^S^Sdlt ''a*/*"^'/"" *^« '<>"J» 
enemy mean. auppW tL^^^T .^f"^' *• ■*«'«'8 and comforting the 
mate^al for tie f^otZ^^VJSZ kL ^"^ '"«» " -* 
•atiafied in your owVmind SS sTr 1^ A. ^??' .""* 3^°" ^"^ *« *» 
waa in Germany was TSaL 7l,« fl^^'' ?T°*°.*« intention when he 
Germany.TSL al ^a^^^EnXd ^^ "" *" '""^ <>' Sg"'"* 

coura^toT'in^„■[:s"^Xrt:tw'*'^^?^*"^ "- •'''°"' ■«>■ ->' 

the jury, but tor^ iZ^^t^'^^ *^T''"^ ^"^ «" '^ "»' 
meain^that we al^bute t^^l^^t^'' ^"^ ' '-* to ^U you the 
jury, ao that you may addrtw touZ mi^'^^^ ^^ .1* / "''"" <*"■«* the 
language which you i^tTIl Ctf Zn\ 1. 1^^^°^^ ""* "'"P* *''« 
■'aid and comfJrt to tti Kin. V enen. J^"Jf" *** J?? *^i "P^i^ 
enemiea in the war withthiTmtnt™ f f *^ . "' aaaatrng the King's 
or tends to atren^TtEre^ryTn ttf ^\ T Y^.^'^'^ t^'^A 

wodd be giving .M and ^nZTl, tte KiXnemL^'lnr;^^''"' 12 
which weoiens or onds to we>k«n thlT „„ ^ » enemiea, and that any act 

attack a,e enemy -quaUy i,'2rg^dCd" ™f^%"';?*^.*° '^'"" *» 
ThaUa tic dire^oi </C^l InlTd tT^t^ ^ **" ^"« ' *™'°^* 



Speech for Prisoner. 

»h.d> my lord will «id,^i ^""f, "» •""d. of cour«. ,L t»rJZ 
tj» CM., and you wUl nmZb^tZl^^T^ to hi. part of doaliog wiS 
renumber the e«ence ofXTfeJoe i. J^^-."' "'"I? ^^ •"<•. "d J» 
mtention in going to G«mLy %"tIe™L'' ''." ^''" ^'^' Cam>meT, 
Here h« wa. in Cork, k^^^ J^h ^' '"** «">«der the portion 

one of the m'tDe-e, .aid,™th «^ i .f'T'? » °««*^» there m 
movement. Tou rememW^,rfl *° ,*^«. '"* National VrfnnU^ 
"itne- referred to the fa^ that tL "'*"]"§ *°' >««"« «>« Poli« 
mentioned, and that broughfthe l^tinJI'" "' ?^ ^^""^ Car«n wH 
^°t w^a, which he beX ilSS* ^"^ ""*• "^^ "" «>« ""ovl 
maj^hdd ov own viewa u *«rt^ -^^ ""^ "^'^ this, you and I 
the tuttreak of war 'wth^h™ ff "'*'' "'■J^'"' ""e did tC wl^ 

with that which they ought to Uvt^l ^1^1'*^^ '"'ed to deal 
tZ;*?"" *" '»""' -thority XVr^jf' *^J" "»«» of armed 
SfLi.T^'"'*' ''"* *» f«t^^J^ 'fhf^^'"^' J««» ««pon«bIe for 
that that state of thing, had wd^' in rt ^T" ''"™ "''e«dy Proved 

l«TTJ'" *^'" tW might W to taV-T"! °' *« '"»^ p^-^t^ 
attacked by mme armed force hil^lIL ™ '*'' "*«? '" <»« rf beini 
Jo««on before the warTokS 'rut""- AfS^'thT '" ^f ^"^"-^^ 
happen.? He goea to Germanv a. .« tj the war broke out whU 
g.«.ne« of war and form. Z 4h BrieaS^"'' ^^"^^^"'^ the« IriA 
that he u«ed to them J Mr SuirLn ^ ^ ^""'' "«" the first word. 
the witnea. who ..id he ^^^Zjf^^ dealt ej^auatively w[i 
I do not think you will 3? mS aftff? T^. """'''' '"d "^ «»• 
olear to them, that they would^ t« iT^ *""' ''« ""ade one object 

kin ^n*^' ' *"'™P'' «* "« h^^ teen ;Jr ? .2^'^**' *•■« '" »" 
It m aU eameetnes., that that tTmrJ^^S u *"«»«* to you, and I do 

^ ^^e &oCh ^ *'* ~"™^ ''« ^" *° *^* "°"™ ""^ 

"ggeatiln, n^ byln.TnS'' W k*^ *':'?*""■ "»* ^7 .unniee not br 
«^«=tion that wh^^Kd ihSTth^et''^" ""J '"^ pJ^'to^S 
a mobve of deairing to rtrengSen t^!^ Pt^^^ *" *«' 't acting from 
to t«d to rtrengthel. the^C rf*ttnVtn W^"*^ °? "^ ""^ 
Now, let me, if I ni_ deal wirt '^ ■ ^^ "S*""* Englrad. 
ttje Crown wiU Uy » g^S^tTof IV- '^'"J "P**" ''^'* "O Si 
^'mon upon the evidelTa. it .^r'^S,"!**- ' »* 7™ to form Z 
when he addrewed the« prilme^ rf ' **•* ®<i'' '^'- CWmenf, obfeJJ 
»»meob^t that he had in S^htn I™J°J*™*Py "«• P^^i-ely ^. 
addrewed that meetine in r™v i„ . ' .°8f "^'o™ the war broke ont tZ 
I ha™ no doubttlTa't letZ'Zy'^^^^^^ Volunte^rm:vt»'^^ 
J^U pomt to what they oonri^to teV^T^ '" ^"^ *» thai^they 

^^ "»el .omewhere ne«- the coa* of IrelaKS °'' I^^^^ 

1«1 



If? 



Sir Roger Casement. 

Ml 

l^^i^t^,'' J"*** ""^t"* 'ith it» being uied with th>t v«wl 
do tj^^ otUaSmg UBU,. Gentlemen, that w« a wrongthilwto 
dSirw^t ^' ^ f wick«l thing to do. but that i. inelevLt Tth. 
onarge that joa bvn to oonnder, which ia h gh treaaon. That ia im- 
gmmg into IreUmd arm,, which i. made an offSnoel^ DeCe of ih^ 
^n.^V"'^ ?• PT* P™""""* «g»i"t Sir HogJr CaaeS^w that 

S^ii. ^t ^■*''** "J?"* *•"" " »<* •"?'» *"«•<»> or adherinK to the 
•nemiea ol the Kmg within the Empire of Germany GenUenwn ^at iJ 

"."^K?*.,^""* ' "««*? *» ^ '" y™ *» bir in Zd S;cru:^ 
^^™^ evidence you know, which «»netime. midead. k iiJinto 

m^Xr,^? ^7f "**; 'T^P* *^* '^« cireumatance alo^ iH 
S^thf b2^^™ Tf"^ 'I" '°™*4 ^''^ ""'•^ o' » "b-^ ""der the Defence 
rtJrf. S!f^ **' '^"«' "K*'"" ''™ "' being a rebel; but, gentleiW 
^t . not toea«>a. What the Crown have to «it1afy you ipon i.*^aVXi 

demgned by him, to atrengthen the forces of Germany aa aL^t^eU^ 

fL^^n T° ^^I""?" oh^acter and upon hu motive, that it ia o^ 
G^J^J^ *'™ *^ "v" *^* *« object Nrith which he did tii. a«iS 

^X ^ i-'i*- ■'? ■ "P*" '•"■ y»" t» '«™ » view of the caae 

Kif o^r T ""^'"^ "O-Jd entitle you to return a verdict of not gX 
{L^hL^ ,,• r" T* •^*''^*^ *■"»* "■>»* he did in Germany waVnrt 
intended by him to aid and atrengthen Germany aa againat Ekeland if 

IZ Xt''t'"*^.'^*-*^r''i*«* ^*^'^<=^ ^ did'iheeeXngTirSJ^y 

toll«2" i ^i-l 'r*' ™ *"**ly "" •»»« "bi^t «d with «K»rf 
totte aame work jrtuoh he wa. carrying on in Ireland before the warVitia 
open for you to return a verdict of not guilty 

Gentlemen, whom waa the Irish Brigade formjd to fight fort Ther 

iLlTJT tL * '"*°f«» have referred to. Thy did not come over to 

^Sth •" ^ ^ *" '"* '■' '°'°^' I '"88«t " " «o°» evident 
« which you can act at any rate when you are wnaidering your verS 

™.^t I^^^^ITJ "Wf *° y?" respectfuUy you mu.t*^wer, and I 
mggeat Jao tiiat the verdict you give muat be an anawer to that question 
^J," *V™\B"K'«Je intended to fight fort It certainly ™"i 
Ire^nT. i.i'1 *"^', ",*' *"^'"* '"^o™ 't "• that there wae ,°n 
l^,^^ 'r "' P~fe '.^ °''* ''''»' P«'*»° o' We tb«y were in! 

tt-^vrr°.K ^ *°y*^y. '■«''*'■' '■>« ^^'y tb^^gbt they hid to J^ 

SZ^I^^ •» *v r!i?lv*'"8''* *^ •'.'™ P™" «'«° '<"■ the protection ol 

^niT:. '/ *^u *^ ?!.* *"*■ '* " "P*° '<>'■ y™> " I "id: to return a 
verdict of not guilty in this caae. 

wmJ *."# ""^S""^ *** make any appeal to you on behalf of the priaoner 
which la founded upon anything eioept those considerationa that the law 
fwlLi./ "° '"'* -^""^ ^ ?'*■'"'' yo" "PO" *^e *e™ble responmbiUty 
S^Sf^d'^fr '" ™.°"den°8 thu, caae. It ia, a. I ..id before, a mattS 
<rf hfe and death, and it would lU become me to dwell upon that aspect 



Speech for Prisoner. 

to demand frcin yoTttel^'iif^Ji* ^'T"^- Tl^t m.n hu a right 

It i. iid that fife uT«,^to th!^ :r,^? •*"'"5«. '■? *»'»* •>«*• 

to thow who fMl Tfci. »!? I ' ^^^ ''"*' '°°'' »"• »nd it M » trasedv 

iTay-f-^mry-^Ss^fr?^?^^^^^^^ 

.ad chapter., and not the ta^.!d i^^lf- Tf" °' T"?'' "^'^-'holy "d 
.0 eloquently of « l„y S^n .onj^o A*^ 7^i"'' **"* """J 'f^ 
hare V ne to the «affold » ti^ ?h?^2 ,° ^ "n'ortunate country who 
I am lot going to^ „y «SafS ™? ""* '^*-?' *^ "'"" '*•'<'■ 
have made out tb^r^^VU^l^ A^ "P? *?'?*'??- " the Crown 
verdict of guilty; butT:i.lm1hnh^t"te\wt^uir«Tt'"^"^"" ' 



Clostagr Speech for the Crown. 

mWbJserjea^fc'^'r^^tJfi^"' ^" pre^nted to you. in the 
w^c^h^di^ngui^oa^tr^^ 

at th; Urt Lment h« lep^Z "ZZi^ ^>. '-"'I^'^ ""ich 
doing «ntence., thoug" not?I am riadtT^f aU "'V'^™'!*''?* »' W. 
upmi which he relied ■■• ■ ™ giaa to recaU, of ths main argument 

mmw0mm 

.«".«^ ^r.1 ^e^^ac^forS rc^-^^^i - P^SaT 

Its 



m 



i! I 



Sir Roger Casement. 

AttMMV-MMM 

defence, nowttatte knS^it i rTnT™. '*j .''"V*''* ""^ »' t^** 
did not attempt toiSuIlri^h i "?^*",*»'«' '* ♦? ^ tbU-the pri.oner 
to the King in ordtr^^ th!^ milJ'?'*"- l^Tj^' '^^^ .iTegiuioe 
to «duce thw 3dier. /,iS7.??^ T"* •'"P^'-y. >»« did not .Mempt 

<rf l«l.nd. he made attemni^^^'"^ *° *""". "'" " «" <>«»' P^' 
•Hegiance'to i^eio^S^ol^t^u'^JST 7'^J^ ^t* *' ""i^ 
at the end of the war ttifv would t„T^?^i' *? P'*^ themwlve, thii 
•Miating Germany Mt fn7rt« ^ *° Jl'^''' "•'* '""■ *« purpow o( 

Tiew of the prisoner had atte?„^ .!>i^ »' '™'«"'J' ''''ich, in the 
have listened to the apee^h tou ^v.lJ i'?;. P™I*'«<«"- Now, you 
complaint of it, by whicHhatrLhwl.^"^ ,5s ''•"l""''' •»<* ' ""k* ■><> 
to judge whether in a fewlen'ClTl,.''''"'!^'?'''' ''°" "« » » P"'*'* 
.t»nce"«f the defenoe It i« ^^e^ .Lj' °°* ^^ ^f" **« '•»'» •»»>- 
fact in it wa> proTed it w„^,M 1^^ /'* '?'™- Whether, even if everr 
at>wn i. anott'^^Llit^^rJitTttTon wS'^W the charge, made by 7e 
di«u..ion, becau« itt'.^« 'rvet en? Id iW^^'MT"*"* ' P"*P«» 
economical of jour time if I flS3™i -1 '* ^onld be a couiw more 
evidence of whTthe7ri»ner ^iTrf-V*" ?" T"*'*'"" "''^^er the 
to the th«>ry ^^ol.^Z^.u'^Xt'^Xl^ ^'^'^'^'* '"^^ 

between thcee altenHuC Z Z It i! ^il^",^ T** ^o" ■»» <=•«»« 
in thi. .hort caae, that The pri^one^ a m./!^"**^ *° T ''7 *^« ^rown 
long in the aervio^ of thi. ZX i,d T^J < " Tf" ^I""' '«"• '" 
»««i», that thi. man on ft^ Sh™k If "fv'*" ™*>ntood pubUo 

whichthecomitortowhkhheh^^oToLLC^l*/^**? «*™«8''' » 
w»t to the country of our prindpal «>emT ttSl,w *T*^ ^^aged, 
"i^ oi Hi. Maje.^ the W^hT Wt^i^^t™ ^^ 



Closing Speech for the Crown. 

-terprij; which might toL,^»L* ^ '^\ ".' *^' "'^ » •»? 
!*• •nnr.r U that tb^wm^ mi- J '™' ' *•''' •!«'*> «haS. 
».«.« cono««d with L interS poTtiL „,T ""5" I"-* "" '«' 

ban -™' J^Iv?^ you U> do whra. liftar ti.» ^ i.i 



•nm whro M aba &ill'?.7..j ° "W "• '»»'™ »n3« it bat if ,™.'^ '"" 

wy Unguago uted by my Wed fri^j *T? °' "V o™. but in the 

pr«ent to you on bohalf of Si; Ro~r CaSS^f,,' !'■ *''? «"» «»* ' 
of erarvth no «i,.t u. v-_ , "oger i^aaement that ia th« atxI...^:.. 




oomplete aoouraoy. It niii; thiV"^i;:iiI3"i!°!. "/S"™- ' "ope with 
w h«l at leaat Vwured thTIea^r «, J'^^'^J''^ '^^'^ HomVBul*. 
the Statute Book, ^ev «^ .L- •^* °**'"" ""J« ^iU waa upon 
foreea, proclaiming tlSr\"rti<n"f''l^°-*'- '»'«' <■' '"'"""J ^»t 
™Uty were -ypS^^y iTaXZ for^. -°* "-'".'^ v'''«""S that^The 
tte Home Rufe BiD Jo b^™\w rt.f'^'^'' ."'■*""'"'" <»«''«1 
Inahmen ahould adopt the nlt?^i ' ■ ^ J'"'8^ '* neoeaaarv that 
eti^tional »™ed,m Kant'^t I^LTin" <l'^ "r*^*" °'™- ~»- 
partioular speech of my learwd M«„T^L1 *T '"'"'»■ ' quote that 
«u..ob.erv«tion upon ^t^Z •?**?"* '.<'«!« «t on« to make 
"Signed been ooiCtl^ beW m^^Vl '?'''='' «>» P"^™' »^nS 
?. ted at the time when the .Twh^h^ X^^'J"^ *W »««'' «» m^ 
volunteers were takine olace tlh«Ir„\5 T" ™ tbe part of the Ulster 
or a bad defence. bK'e;"%.^^7an^t™lve* h^:!'' "^1 " ?«"» ^^^^ 
I do not desire, and I hold it h» t^n . *,''«<' K^at relevance. 



lU 



Sir Roger Casement. 

*ai my ItwiMd (rirad in th* twt ma puwnuib ta .hid. I .<n 

£r ZSfif^-."* '''* »»"""■ *»»» '" U'*^' It wwlhS 
ttii^ti^ T"*'' "'' 'P^"^*» mk. w «rf of thUEmp™ T2 









■ —— •» — •«• ■ultima, iMtn AM bMB 

nwUtloiu o( their own lud, ' • - 






EoroiM, 
>> not 



I»m5»?. thoqghjiS «» IlTTto ."SS^ !iJ'V°.l "S"" "«««"«<»*i>g. Do 
•ni. loyU Sttfethm^ttll. TOD*^ '^ •* "" ""I*"- »tat jro? «n , 

■tate of thin« jr™,ijT: f <™>g" to the Empire eziited thu draedful 

STku^----- ^ --^ ^*iJs;-::oT5i^«"io"stt 

which might have ari^n fr„™ *k °l^ oontroTeraee and danger* 
hrokwoul lCoutb~k nf,. "is; «>"*"'«••'«« had ai, war "Sat 
ou tbreak of war, the awift menace to eTerj thing thi, 

IM 'P. 182. 



Closing Speech for the Crown. 






<i«W of tlw wJ ^.iL * glono(i» ntrwt which mwkod tb* mj4t 

pUily .UM to jo^Z'j^JTm'^ ,""*!~» •« »U«* 1>« boil 

of the nr. th« wttTto I^'in i"? 7 " ^ Pf-Mitlj WM not tt» .nd 
th. pR>poul that & piw/ZdrJ JkIIV'V"'.' • •"re"'"" - to 

given to him before he w«nt^ r!I^ . .?' ** "«»"«'<» that vaa 
owmtiT waa at w^tt AJ^ ™°7' .^"^ '" '' «"» "h™ hie 
(Wdofb.ttU,hadTrtT^ST^„'^*''K*^rn'™'' ""'•" o" «» 
find him for monUi. a fnTm^^ r^ " ^^ *^f '^™*° *™7> that we 
whaUoeveppaJ^of ^em^y^^.f,^™',';^' ™°^8 "thout reetriotion in 
control or iSterfere^^'g^^J"* '.?"'*" 7"«>nflned, aWe, without 
Why in thia view of^ ^Jaia^ ^. 7,*° ""* attempt to aeduoe them I 
motive iTtoereT foXT. ■. • ^° 1° P*'™"''' " ""» ^^^t "ggeatod 
that ^"a^weV ha^l^rrivin toXt*^"^'^ m«dvertence. 1 app?^.^ 
beoauw when I owns? thS71. ♦ S'^,',"" **' "^ learned friendi 

thi. queation ^»^1^ty^ ^JZl,^^ J-Z""^'' ') '^^- .™ 
Ut me remind you of what I LT j t • * Pn'OM"^* aotivitioa. 

you. Itl^n6^C?'.^'^'r'*°*^**'»»°«''n,er»d» 1 can teli 
you. "J^ never been an«reredbecauie DO ««vor to that que.tionl>Sd 

1*7 



Sir Roi,er Gaiement. 



Why did 



»»»•. dmntolon.! Why « to CrJan^ w . ""^V '*•'' '» tW 

«-• put forward toX Trtu'^M^J^A '"^' '.'*»"««« " with the 
my l»m^ Wend" Mr SulUTln S^ J"!? """'' " *■* ""^ »«•" " 

in » onrnd.! *• " "*•" *•" "vwity or ci^ty moi 



^'^"ffS^^l^s.^a^ 



— " «• Mw WOT uTt an 
^ ""-» youwlnf ^ MoiBg 

the MUM view of the aotivitS/of U>VDri!„Sr??^. ''"'°^'" *"• **king 
•ooording to the evidenoe puTforw^'^TnT/)!.. t/?'^'"*'' "* P'*^ 
«n nnawu, of anything'^in ihT^^ ^^^"n'"-'''''- '" ^g- ' 
«u« war which woid l«d me te ZTI "L^'' ''•™*'' "'tion during 
ibat they wouldT^".1jV^a«nJh^L «f •"■^^^ *^« "res' 
of IriA «>ldi.r. in order thrt ^n the w« -^^ ^P'\^^y *» • ""miber 
to write a new page in the purely 3<^«tTohirtor,T.i^^ """^ "* »»>'• 



'P. 17. 



wy wonld 

> pHMg*. 



Closing Speech for the Crown. 



my lord will t«U jou ^^I!L.!^ th.t-Md therefor. .Tid.no.. m 
UOmMBj iron i L h.«ii^ '"' ^°\' ^»* '• '"<>'«<1 in thrtf 

tjt nothing of th« kbd Mh-'uT^IL . •'">"?/^ '° >'»'"'»' H. 

not; thjn not th. .IJ^tLt'SJ J '^"<::= " "!«''* •» " '» "WtJ 
th.m th.t th. Pri«nert*^v „^d " . "it „^H;r'\ ''^'^'. ""'''»8 *» 
tttcoM, but it nuffht h« iZiK . zJl' ^'''' ** "»' • d«i« ve Cmuo 

|K.r«y'oontrol oTtt il M w^ld'Tw: W?" "^""k""' ••""• ' *^ 

doul with th. .tonr of th. ^Zr Jr^ w r'l'!°f * »' '"' °'" C »« 
»i«^ th.t th. pSon.r «2?'; ri^d"J^ Sl^m^ '•»* •"'d; -PPort to th. 
»«ition in Ireland wj to be at the ln/^.K *""'"« *'jl* ""'' »'«'• 
tion w„ to b. if G«m«,, J^. « ~ wi ^* 7'' ""'' *»*•"•»■ 
tl-t a. th. P«iodlF«Xourr.i^' ^^.^.U"" '"'PP*"* ^' '"k 
b»tU. it w.,"l«r that it woJin.^^ , ?•-'' ,««"n«ny »on » «» 
to t^e »ny o^ridMlbi b^T of m. ".™'f ^"f'^*' " «* impo-ible. 
would b. J X^ of^r.^1,'^*:/"'*?/: "d the^^^ 
proTito. And w th. propoMl ™^»i, •",.''> '««' ~>' """I* thi. 

Kn -s i"£S> ~»r f ^"^^ '^•o- 

!rrc Lo*^nfSli»^^^ 
^"^^t^H^ ^^«^' -^^^ 

the appeal, he m«le. le/h^ L Atti^T ^^*^"• ^I^fy "«« '-Pi^d 
«» .her-thought. when it Un^^T.^±,f^- " ' '""'« "id- they 
however rem7t« from the fXT^tJ^ ^T *"• *^r""<"" '''''«'". 
find, hinuelf. ^*' '" ** f*"*'™ >n which the p.i,on.^ 

«.. nm^'^To-ft^^lL'"'^'^- '*'"• '»' ™ t<*e «.. evidence of 




4ttonMT-fl«B*nl 



Sir Roger Casement. 



•«-d to them n«,nr^nS^.r ^^7 •°' P"™** *"'<''«•'- »' '""h 
«d «uiety on theirs, toW ItL "■roum.tanoe. of gmt .t«., 
"ooept with verbal preciirira thdr Lfii .'^ ." /"^ »*«■■ J"f7 «» 
would confidently alkron t« .^^u^''°° *' ''''»' "«" •'■d. but I 
«.d client feat4,'of Se 1^£,' ^'" "^"««» » to *; bli 
reoollection of thi, man O'E ^ "^ *° *^*°'- '"«'* " the 

~^Xr;ta^„: ^L^ ji.^2^™-- 1 -ouid 

_^^ «. th^ w.„ to be t^le^d to I«,„a when Oe™.„, Ud woa th. 
And .f «»„„, ^«, ^ ^. .,. ^ ^^^^ ^__^^ ^ ^ A..H„,-T. 






Did yoa ipeak to' 



friend, the SoliZr G^^^ "* " *^^ "^"'""'tion by my learned 



make, 



to Ireland to fight againat^ ^.Ttl V, , "'5' ''«'* to be taken over 
or civa, whether they were i^o^^„ ^ ^l '^"^ •S^-'y- ""itary 
;t i, quite obvio« SktTontinn'^r'th'lttrS? "'**" "' °^ 
of a new war; it was an act of Wnifr v "" ^^^ commencement 

t«««>n to thi, country^^^^l^'i'^' " ''" T' " """'' »° «t of 
of . war wa. conolud^ „T^a £4*^"?' ^^'"tJ P^'^ P'"« 
the agency of your late "emyTIo trL^ ^''**' immediately, by 
German .oldieii to Ireland: it wLi™wf.fT "^ "w^mpanied by 
If there never had beenTtemm,™tt '""' »l°""* «■> «■* of hortiUty u 
-nie truth i,. a. ^nnijat^^'""^'"'""' "*', "L« ^"■"'''K h»«tiUtie.. 
tie evidence of the varCaJSTtTat t.,ri v™*-'' ""^ '^"''^ 
tJ«t wa. made to them ww T^^' .^ ' m*"* f ' »PPl»'=ation and appeal 
™>ttry wa. won. ^ ''"'"''' 8° *» ''•'"'d when the naval 

Now, gentlemen. I oome to the evidence of Eobin.on* 

I nkmunU.- Ui^ __ . w"*=wai 



■■I«l«,d. Whv do 4t voMoto^,"!^* S«.'?f y™ -.1 >■"• »» «5l.» te 
igUd. ThatiiSugSS^bir. "■" l" -POI.. about th. 



*roiM,d. Wby do not y 
treatment of In&wd in EngU 



m 



■p. 2S. "P. 2«. 'P. 2B. 



*P. 28. 



Closing S- ecch for the Crown. 

Attoruir-taMnl 

iBKHiimatKm conliniud— Did ba uv with whnm il>« Trf.k hj_j ""•*"••. 

«» ^f Jw'T?°K 'tf'*^ ""y ""* '"""' » "I"*' I "k^ y»" to conclude 

facts, that WM the proposal, that if Germany had a victory on the Za. 

ttSd'^en^'r^ThT"" ""' *" '•™H ^"8^« •" I-'^"^ Mr l^™^ 
mend reminds me that in cross-examination he adhered to that storyi— 

Irish' 5^ '°jrt' 1 7r'.3r„.r'\\*^™' '^ -™ '^ ™ ""' "» 

Was thst wh.t he uidf-lJ^i^L^fV: j!f"? 'T* * ^'°*"'^ " "" ■"""'time. 

I am*'retjnH!!S ^*™',*° ^ '^^^ ""dor the stress of oross-eiamination. 
tioSt- "'°'^*' '''"^''° " °y *«"°«d '^--d's re^ramina- 

««d ™ to iXd ''° "'"'''' '"""' "" ^'^ B'*«~»' t" I"l»ndJ-G.muny wonld 

Did h. ..y from whom they were to free irStandr-Trom Engird. 

witn^ '^"^.l^J'X^^'^'"^ "^^ "'*»«' O'Connor was the next 
witness. He heard the prisoner addressing some men^— 

ud that 



EnguSk ™'„'^7b^Ji:" *"" *° *«'* " ""k* • "''"' '« ^^. 



Ton notice the otaltation in that statement. 

Then the neit witneM is Maore<— 
hi« uniform. UtteTfocSl^nTbeSfr' h'oSg '""■' "" ^ «"«•"• "• «&d"^ 



■P. 27. 



■p. 28. 



•P. 32. 



*P. 3S. 



m 



Sir Roger Casement. 



AttanMr-Sowml 

provided for the mZlhen^'T'sT!^"^ ^""^^ '"'™ '«*■' in«^Ta tiy 
*"; that i, a Unk that U ^^L^lf/™ ? w^ to be in Ireland after fte 
•"O" given. I ^.^^"^ ^^Sg^^^^'^^ " «■« explanation, that haJe 

XlSS?V*'^°^'~'^^'^d iro°?,%'^i''! ""-O ""O '"« «..n 
employment ta Amarioa. ThsIriTh Rri„fj ^ pocket money, and snarantn 

«o.ng to land then, in I^landf b^n/^^'a'Tt ^\lt ^Z-^'" ■■ '•"> "" 
<».t LtldT. tid'iS.d-S.J;; VtiS' ^-^^ -•» ^'-« f «.t t. Irdand. 

naval victory waa gaZd ""*"•» """*■ *« I«land when the Ge^ 

I come now to the evidence of Neill I J„ . 
be«=a|«e have to make an observation unon it S° , P™P»« '<> '■««d that. 
» the witness who spoke abou^^e H^^° ?*'?' ^""^ ^"^ "member, 

throwing the slightJt rtfl«t°on Xn hU ^^^ ^ ^"I^'' ^''^* 
ttie truth, comparing the stateLT^^-^ P^ '"*'' »'"1 d««fe to teU 
that had been ^e V tte oteTmiuT,^f if '^"^ V'^ «>« atatementi 
before yon, I do not ai you to pClnv rTir'''7'l? ""^ '^° »"«» 
«>d unsupported evident of Neffl a^ L rtt^ I* "" "P**" ^e^olated 
Kuaaian* and the Turks. I «vXt^„^ T ">'"""»«on» about the 
you to deal with the case upon 4^* t>." t" "■* «T^^' "^""e ' 'ant 
inatter. which are di«pntabror^"b:^lZeT'"T''^' "■"" "-* "P» 
I only make it clear that while I Z%,J7 ^?*™»°«a. In justice to Neill, 
-n^pported a. it «X<^Z,XTj^J'"' *S f^P* hi. recollection 
reflection, at all upon tl» d'sSbmr^^ v^' ^"""^^ ""«" » »» 
■« he remembered the facts «'«^bil,ty or his desire to teU the trufli 

a. to what waa actuary ^idt,^*^'!^^"'^"" ■?*''-»•. »' the same tii^f 
of the defence, and what beeomeTT th^ *1 P^"?"*''- ''^t become^ 
attempted to be made? IsX^l„. ^. ""'^ ^*'*'"» "hich has been 
ttat all they were tot Z>teZZ\:iT^''^'>'- '' -«« »"gge^ 
Volunteers in the north of IrelM,d7 Can L^„™^'',,'° /"•^'- *° »atd> the 
evidence as to what the prisoner aLt„»Il,^jT' J''" '^ ""*■>«» to that 
-torv aiat is put forwardXrh^wt'^ "IfL'!?'*''? '' " "" '"^o"*^ 
of theae men remotely in the fnt,L " "noemed to obtain the service. 



Closing Speech for the Crown. 

what aU these witne«e, .pe^ to Whtt ,^^k '. ''*' 'i™^' *^^' *^^ " 
renpectfuUv aooeot mI .h^ li ^^5 ." ** °*'"" »' "»t attempt! I 

which he proposed to ^yeyo^la^ mLl^^,'"^"**.^' *° *» directioi 
I do not prete'nd to ~ofu wul p,^^on Z Z„° ^17' ,'"^"'^ ^ '"' "? l""!- 
lord stated the dire^n wh^h ^ nr„„„^f^^- '"* '"'»"'K« '» 'tioh my 

that my lord said this That he sh^KX^u^t^n^^^^^ "" ' """""^^ 
and comforting of the King's enami« »h;^k * tha,t anything was an aiding 
purpose of hi,%tn.ggle Jth ^ i^n^ o!'L\"«l''™*1 '^ '"^'^7 f« thf 
for the purpose of ita 8ta.m.l7t,S f if^' '""? weakened this country 

1«t to whatS^know n'ow ^^/ht it ?s frS^^- ' "'' ?"" "^ Wlj thS 
tradicted evidence of what ^s sldd bv Z ^f T" "^""^ "" the micon- 
The« i. no other evidenoeZd I have^Ld M T"?*"' *° *^"« ■»«"• 

there is. Apply that tes SupZ^^/Xt^"!'^ th«.7M«°» w^^^ 
mKce«, giving her temporary J^ll ft'* ^™'°?' '^? T° " °»™1 
enough to land Irish Ji ^rrZlS&lrX bA^f™^ " •'"" '" '""S 
taken place, would that or wouldit not h^v^i^ .!.l' ""PP«'"g that had 
™my in her struggle, with a^ cou^!!, T "^^-^thened the enemy Ger- 
^t. Would it or wotTd UnTfe \^JZ' t^" '* "^ ""^^ " 
•truggle with Germaiiy, suppoeine S hTtl. !i this country in her 
muigineJ If ,<,u an^we^ thTqltl! i^Tal thrm""" / '* ^'^ *» 
u possible. Of course, Germany mmth.v^ l2 ' •,"''' ""* "^^i' 

•"°Cn"1;'L-S£\£ -T^-^I? w^aSen'T-" 

:?rrsr£»?S9s::'r^^u:^^^^ 

tarving „ we know thTVere ^^"1^7^*° ^*''"^ *'"^' W«lty, 
wem, starving as the pri^neT^^l^hL*^', *"'^f°« *»'" "« they 
moment, when he made hU,aDZ^Ttt>^T.. "'""'' *■"* ^^ l™" »t the 
m apite of tho« circumstancS^Tniv g^*"; ^^ ''*?'■ '* " *™« that, 
fc»m the soldierly dutrwWcr«,^ L!S T.C^l '^'"^ """^ corrupted 
But. gentlemen, WZ\Igtf7Jlt^^L^r-^«-'.^^i» tL. 
atampoded in a bodTiimr,™;,,™ *t *" ''^" seduced, supposing thev had 
had rtolIy"u:=ZS: Z'th rf htd CnT"'"]' ""f f^ Wcc^ 
who in Germany had con»n^ to !at^« K T".*^ "^ *''"* '"»'' »°l*e" 
uniform of Ge4any, anTto hlirthe^";^ J'^'^T'^y' "><•'««' the 
invade Ireland on the first opportZtv^T ™'*"'«" to come and 
the moral effect on the s^i^^^T^'is'Ll'triS''* ^1^^^"^'^ "^ 
have weakened her in this war that jr^TL i, ^ **""'' 't would 
thou««.ds of Irish soldiers, foiSng thl t^f tlTjT^^^^. *^' 
F«ce, of which aU Englishmen »^ » nrmT^h.-i * •"•U Eipeditionary 
«.d the camps of Ge^y. anT^ ^Tio*^ ^ ':S^'«af ^K 

171 



Attanty-OMMni 



Sir Roger Casement. 



IreUnd, in order ^Tthev ^<,ht^.t "'*°' *° ^ traniported to 

that .t«ngthe„'Go™Ly*r„d"leak« EnVn'T T™* ^■"K"*"^' '»»" 
your mind* that oonaidemtioni of toat kiKl^^^ ^"l* "."^ '*''"''* " 
Germany, a country of which I havfaL "o u'^lTl^^''.*'''' T"* «* 
that they are not guilty aa a raZ n?^lv^ 1 probably draw the view 
oharity/lf that wSTthevi^w the nri.„Lt^r^'**^v"?' "' g^n^'^ty or 
S™t^ Sn^-^S =P? tm-Xa-- 

to anot?;:in'i on °^r?'«'Jtriv tT^^ ^' £?""«' ""'' -" ' ■»- 
frienda in their .p«ch« w™M hW^i i'^'"'' ^^'^"^ *'"'* "y I«™od 
now know that thTt^^^, hi. vitt .'•^l'"'*^ ""^ *^*°'y- '^^ 
theae Iriahmen to hofd^eSa^°e. ?n Znin *" ^."V^' '"^ """7 "^ 
duaion of the war, for t^pur^ ^^T ^ ^ w ''^''"^' "* "" «- 
'requently I JmuM liv. * PUTWre wju^j, ^^ ^^ ^^^^ 

hTle^tt I«l,^"havW ^n'lrG^™" «me explanation a. ^ wh^ 
I cannot teU you how he went to Ir«^T ?' **''"*. V"* "'"' "' *•>» ™'- 
Serjeant SuIliVan'a obJ^^on !?.*?• 1 !F** '^*^ "7 '«»"«1 ««"«! 
ma? reaaonably take'^^^^ce :,t: Cth^**, t '^"^ "'"' «■« W 
therefore the pibabilityUtSthewJ^tt^^ '"^'^."^ " »° "'»''<J. «"* 
I have not hln in a j^iWon to inZ^*^!" ^ f*" ,.^° ^''** "«" ^ "«"*• 
■howing how he got TteUnd w7tJ a 2' *°.*'" f"<'«°«' >«'»" ?»". 

«y m;theo,7. z Xz^^''dJ"^i^ri sW"' '■':!?^ 
=f m^ tol"; r>u^^ ^eJi^^rsre^b^rT^^n^i^ ^^ 

.Toided doW ,0- but mTZ^f^JJ"*- ^ "to^oo'Iy «nd carefully 
the Crown that 4e " ^^ i^Td ,'^1^''"'*' *'? '"PP°«^ «'«"7 <>' 
«f the pri«>ner in Mand He iy. U TtiS"^'^ °.l « *^t '*°^°» 

w^ilXnS-teriLw^H^t^^^^^^ 
rtanda before you, that^e "Tud " I^„-.f" 2 ** *™*' " *« «"<i«>«« 

jacket, and German officW w« nit t^^^ °' '-nf?' »' «*™«° ""^ 
the ^''°"' "^ J°™<^"8 mil« from Queen.town. 90 mfle. b^m 

h^i^ to^™rcotr:nfr.i:^^*trT4n' "^L^t^Lf -* 
sf^f:^;^,Tu'rteVt.raT *■>« ;; ^ ^ - -io'-^- t^-trSf 

what a.e " And" wL'ti^g^ito deaTTnd^^;"'.''' *' ^T " *» 
'"^*».3 ■»!•<» of Tral^or^.S.r^orilo'Vat,™'^''^''" *t 
tie Crown la this, ftat it wa» all nart of »^™L * j . V^ '"""T of 

in ^any. 1 .tated th.tV"oSf '-.Tr^^teTZT' r^Tt 



Closing Speech for the Crown. 

_„„,„_ , . , Atteni«y-0«iwpal 

geograpmoal error, such ai it was K11+ T «..-+«♦ *v *v 

«oept that view. On the «ntS^ l^„kT^ Serjeant Sullivan, did 
made .upport an entirely^^„?'viL «",°* "'*''• obwrvations he 
on the oSTr hand, wUn dea^T^thT" ^- '^^'l '™°''' "''• J"""- 
have been ■ntend;d for Zp!^ S\ '™^""; » ."'o <=?<»«. -"d it n»y 
It may be; I do not W I^^. . ^umcation with the " Aud." 

in thii tangled ma«,whrn so mu^ i. ?S*!'""' ^^^^ ""' P"™ ''"'PM 
be alleged with certain^''°It mTv t ^ m 1°.^^^ 7? "."'? '» '^'^^ «»'' 
fact that thi. code, a. to whZ I .l!St my learned fnend ia right. The 
to you in a moment, wa. avail^Ie L ™vT-^*r"" ''^«' <>l»e"ation. 
tion with the " Aud -Codd not n~™.?lv *•'''* '"K**"*'' '<"■ communioa- 
tion with other people Tn^r^tn^^^* ''''^'°8 V"^" '"' "'"•nunic 
ti<» riiould be p^ible Sio^S; tw ?^ ™" '"'=5 *¥' ""='' » '»8«"- 
».b«ly that tLe waetrnStLt^th: 'Cd^-^aiTd t ZP 

coming from Germa^^we J^„*h^' ^^ '* ',» "b™"'. I think, that, 
irr«ietible inference: we have tbTIil^w^/^ *"*'»"* "'"»' draw an 
haven, dated 12th A^ril'a fjw Sve^ef^L^ ?/~"?,^"'° *" Wilhelm- 
«ome other German v««lor3>™*? ^'** ,"' '"''^8)' ''^ """^ i" 
German,. I cannot tSf you w^TZ vl^. ^^"^i """'K** '" ^ the 
I aat the witne« HuC'^w i^ Lr^'^"- ^"* y°" "'" remember 
I TliunKlay evening. Xch X ha^hl^^ °"* 1* r*. ** ''*"-P"t nine on 
I of C«eient. On! of mTL™!^ ^ connected with the actual landing 
where there are e^de^tly ^ JL"^^^ f— -« fhat in the diary! 
April, the very dat» of the «^^^ ij!,- f*'*J'.'*'*'' ■»» the 12th 
entry appear..?- Uft WioU:wt ^^i^^." ^J^°, *° Wnhehndu.ven, thi. 
for place, which wiU wtiafy you I Znk ^T, i ^*>^* °»™» »« u»d 
entry i.. i^t ^^^^ ;, ^^ ^^^^ /j^'f ' "* ^ "hat the meaning of that 

S^aa-rw^ch^-r^t '^.':xB^^^E^'^^^^^^'^^ 

evidence of it. It wa« a diaryfo^d *'^- ' "^ P™ y»nr lorddup the 
rf «y paHicuIa, per„n. I ,B,T"Sd L^ " B7'-he d' '" T "^ 



Atto n wy. Q MM f i 



Sir Roger Casement. 



it might have GODTey«d to the jury that it wa* Ciu.m-.*. j- ™ 

u no OTidenoe of it t-a«ein«nt'« diary. Tt«:« 

you a. to which of the three the dianf 'h.!™™^ i. °<> «"*«>« before 
diary made the note that o^the 12thAn^^r!j •>"» "l"™"' kept the 
i..ued frofi, Berlin to WnheLrtavVn VA^Sr^^ '"'?° *^ "*«* »" 
Wicklow being an um^^'^ **" ^"*'o' *" ^""e'* jaoht, 
whether " Wiffie^ Cht " wrTfliZi^' ""ggertion of the C«>wn, and 
miuioned in the n,^ of the K.S J^Ta JI?L°' *'r"^J.°? ' "-"' «™- 
your opinion. * °*"" " *" *Woh you can form 

nothing el« i„ thTcaw would .W^ !"■ ""*'**' ""'=''• " **«" "" 
po«ibte that the whordWen^ a^d ♦K."' ^\T^ """''•"'™ """""e' 
i. whoUy without ba^i. or fordktfon at'hft tlC f'"^^^ ^«"' 
learned friend, Mr. Jonee »i.tin^.tli ,5 i ""* ""** ^'"«'>' «« my 

the Crown wodd lay ^™ i7'!!!' T^'' •« " ""'tter upon which 
the damning effect of thr^de uLn rt *'* ''T" fy '""^ ^derrtand 
•gain ooni t^ c rol^oeT™ ttev^T'f " '**'?'^ 3™" °»'^* <">«• 
he came to Ireland. ^^^ t^i,^!'^^"?, ^°"™ J» "» •""^« "hioh 
m«. who never had conteZutS »d dM w' J'^'f^ " *™<'' " » 
that anything should be do^to M^d „ 'tlwf * '° . •' «'f*«"'Pl«te. 
That is his caw. So he mmt h«v« ^m^ » i *® ^""^^'o" of the war. 
w«i about to conc«^ S, wrth ^Z^* '^ m *** '^P"'*^ of one who 
defence be well founded TmurthLt^i.^r'''*"" " ''"""<'• " "• 
to carry on hi, work fir^hf ™™i ,* t" '^"If *° '■*'«"<» '" 0"^' 
Volunteer,. lT»t «tj oonwiv'Tb^" ■"L'*^^^ *** National 

But what i. certainTth" tolt f rt*» ""^^ ''«° P"' 'o™"<'- 
wdl founded, he ooSd nclt tie ht^ »°" °"^* "^ '°^''' » 
C«man. by which the GemanT w™,M '^^ ^'^"f^'^t with the 

the Gennin. were to .end him ^^^^ "°^*' arrangement, by which 
to «nd him Z:: iS^tirrd"mor:*^,"?f '^ T"' TJ* 
he wa. going there for the purpow char^ h^^ 'nl " '>'"** ■''^ 
oould not have been goine tt3L t^*^ '^ *? f?*™' »'"> *»» he 
by Uie defence. I h^^^ha^. 1,^ ^^Tl >'"^**^ T -'««?«*«> 
require, no further emphMi.m«.tH\ *™ '* '" '" P'«"> that it 
try to get rid of wheS^e^nt «!,«?* ""^ ''■T' ^»* *«« 1» 
arranged code between him^lft;dtrn to get nd of the code, an 
a «de between SZlf a"d Ih^G^^T'' i.^^* '^^'^ >«> '"t ;„«. 
cpun«l ha, told u. h e?Auo*t iSZT ^*°h^\^'' ^^^^^ ' ». 
tome to a.«ciate Ireland with the oS.- ^at h.T,'""*®"'"^ ** ""^ 
Germany. Hi. ooun«l ha, told ,« rtt? i- ■ *** ""•* ""t to help 
Volunteer, ct the no^' Wbyt ^L^t^^'^^-^'T^ »" '^^ «» 
176 "^ '" '•* """e of ««"ty did he on thi. view 



Tberv 




P»rt of the Diary, with aiagulaed 



homes ana places. 



Closing Speech for the Crown. 

»,ufrjjd b, iu. purpo» «,d 32^ ™^T2L^L^:i^^ h. knew to b. 

Oo»«»m.iit. oo the theo« of STlfcLT^ >nt««ting to the cJii 
munioatioM h«i been «Sd^' iJ^tT^*".^^" *•»* """7 «"»>■ 
" Further .mmunit^ .fSd " ^^. ♦J''* ^t*' 8°' *« *> with it! 
««y> of the "Aud "I Why doe. SX.^"* ^^f ""y "«''» "»»» «>« 
•ABMon to which it i. coZm^iJ^J !^ """• •°"'»i«on in 
«qui"d» The mere nM^«^ th.t^,^ '^'"'- ^"'""ition m»y be 
or i. needed, the meneTX^Sa JS^thTZL'"*" '^^ ^ "^'^ 
•uppowi ud twiden neoeMr7ti,lrJ_ i • * "e"«ge « couched, pn. 
Iready been given S^^thlnSl?^ '"""^ •»""' "^""ition hL 
•>nd .mmunih^n to I«h»d n^ at tte enSTfh"/ *"** ^•"""'y Aall 
w. and rt the rerr moment of tlM h^L~.f * '. ""' *"* <''™« the 
■ that being done! lait b^ina^„ ' ■ ' r*™8«'« i" the warPwhy 
war »me .tep. n^l be t^n to ™ T.k "t^" *"" »* *^ »<• of td 
J.«n it doe, Wt'd^^"" '^Further riflS"" ^^'i^'"' G«'t^ 
" rifle. wUl you .end ^ Hn» ™, 1, ^ ?^ °**^«^- How many 

x^tii'i«'^^r„t*^g^tu'int%t°rL' "^^i"' '«'""' 

«>«e««7 to prepare fw another l£,Z^ » i!„i* °T* a plan will be 
whatever it nught be. ammunWoi^iw tf t *"""'■ ' '"*^''- 
wUy concerned with the Voluntee™ i? rt- ' JS* ?"* P"»oner, who it 
Germany in the middle of huTL^ft "^^^ ^*^\*^ »"■ '-ve. 
Germana acting in oonnort i,., m. ^ ' **"* " ''hich he and the 

«g«. "c'TZiLTC wuS, iH'^^PfP""' them«lve. witTm^! 
for h««Je laSS^ttddl^«„ '^.t'r"'' rtt,"""^ to them ."^ 
tale, about what i. going to to done iffZ A ^^ "* "* told fairy 
of the north of IrehSTd. * What ^ ^rJ^ '" '^* ** VolunteS 

Send another diip to SemTri^J ,„/ """"*? • "' *» " ^ud." 

" Cannon, and olentv „» .-.» ^ ™ "^ ammunit on to 

; Send m"or,z?^:St.""to™°'""""'rdT'"'- , 'f ""^ t" 

w~>. .11 .v.. *-.«?«> . ^£^je«el if powble." What 




™. ""T" ""<" good from 22nd April to 20tJ, M^'" ""Z™""™ 
hardlT pomt out to you aU of whfch wm nTtn-n "*y' a period I neeu 
.^ One further wort and I ^ut^"^!"'^^ t '^"f^ " bctilitie,. 
^meaning i. dear, and no ^M ^.J^"™ t "* *if t!^' '^"" 
ITiw co^. on the wbmimon of^rCrS^^^n^^^.T"^ ''5' repetition. 

177 



Sir Roger Casement. 

Atuntr Onmi 
^^^^^ t'l*^' Pri«>n« C„«„,„t. ,ho went und« oi«um- 

t»ken together, hi* Joumev to n.™!.^ aeienoe, do to. If thow fact* 

•njoyed, the ooune which Li.S!!L)-fi f 'u***"" '''''* •>« t""™ 
ooitJmpUted ". uJJl to take'^X!^.^. '"''°u' ">f ™"»8«« which he 

«ti.f7 you of hi. ^t you muE'S,^'.:r:^n^r1 '^' '^™'"'' 
verdiot. ' T ** * exprenion to that Tiew in your 

oh»"-.init^t.Aif"c^"°;oSS'hi",i^t.r'' •""'^ »' ■>'• 

and impartial mind ff Cmw„ 1!! J ...^ ^^ ^^ y»" ''«' » '"'f 
to di«h,rge „ «riou. „d inT.n^'^ """""^ ?'■*• '^°" ">•'» » duty 
•re diKha^bT^T ^l^J2^ -^ ^ 'S"""* " *e dutie, which 
oritical da^ tfT^'a^ouM ^.t"?^^ *■"■ f*^** '" *•>«•« "oody and 
proved ,t,^,hoW^^nf,?rr ^,t^*>."°«l"»<"> that the Crowi ha. 

cw; do you di«ha^ jSur.. *«''"g«i -ny r«pon.ibiUty in thi. 

The Lord Chief JusUce'a Summing Up. 

«p«™ ^^r^ 'nr^'':rLft^ '''^' *•"• " » *"•' •" 

known to thVlaw Ton hive hTth?Xn*** P"'"-"^ the gravert 
of hearing the ca« pt^entod to you hv th. ^T' ""^ ^ ,"' ''*■• 7<"'- 
tteSoIicitor.GeneraUndSr«unia'^n^^VS?^^ "«^ hy 

had the advantage alao of Wrine tti ^^f^ • .1^* ^™- ^O" J"™ 
Mr. K'Ulivan untH thU^^rning ^th thf I^S '" *^1 ^ o<md<i<M by 
•re »me persona whoV Mrh^™ k KW^^JTit^ ? °' '"' "^o"- "">*« 
.gain* the notion ftkt a m^W M P^t^T"?:' "* '""'""^ *» "l^l 
.hould be found to defend TdH^o^ ^„ . f "^ '";• "■■ ™°''*" »' »• 
British State I ne^ not t^ll'^^n T * *''"«* "' *'*»»'' «R»in«t the 

h.. tho« tTought. to'hif ,SX JaTbuTf-r'*'*'""'' ^'"* '' "-y »• 

obligation and^responsibiU?^ of S>6 "a, ,f Cw°'*PTr »' «>« h'Kh 
privilege of the bar of Enelandth^ it ;.,!./ /^- . " » the proud 
defend a person accused however ttavethrchL^^ 11'° ?'"'* »'«' *<> 
«P«aking for my learned broft^ ^7 JZ.f ^^ "*? ^- '" *'" <»«*. 
for the defence for ttr«8,iZ,™ twT^"'-"* *" '^^^^^ *» ™"n«I 
OMe; «.d I have no dir^^u m,^^ee^'™ X^in^htl'^S*"?' "' *^" 
b«eflt in the trial of a oaae ^^D«t!™l.T .1u" ?'"*^- " " » S«at 
-«^dfee,a.w.feel.tha?:Ve'^i-::tttt^Xt^-;^^ 



Lord Chief Justice's Summing Up. 

in «oonUno« with tU ij^t taS^tS,. !3 who lu, ,oi.du«tod tba defon^ 

oourwe. g««tMt *iU, ud, let me add, with commendable 

a triaUf SSi^hat'mJt 'L"™"'*' '"! "I'W.rin^ thi. »«, that in 
o«enc«. MMti^^T,^, '1 ^ °"\d » "»at It i. a very grare 

the country «d Z^'Jlf S, J ^'"w^.U*'"* "k*?" ^'•'*' *^ °«"' 
live in a coUion •ocietr ?. «„?t,?\ ^"^ "•'J"*' "' «■» King who 
trea«>n in time of w^ L'^d^i^rinTll tT ^ t"""' '^*»» "*«'?» B"* 
comforting the Kin jrenenS« -hi, 11 ^'"^' ™*°'"'' »^ »i*ng and 
thiicountfyTorSheen^^'I^ all per«n. are making ««.rifl^ in 
may be. to';iefeatletZr;n:4'!!t;^Tfr i"*^' *'?''*«™' '^o- ""» 
Brave for expr«,ion. (Semen it^^ ''*" """^ '' *'"'«» *«> 

de.ir.to caujion you inlS^tr ' ku ^"Tkr^clliL",' *'"' *"" ' 
be conaidered and iudaed calmlv «„j ji. •' "''®,*" "■'mmal caaet, muit 
to deal with it acSg to theT^H™r^''T**'^- ^t"""* ''« """'"l 
from your mind^mhfn^ vin m»f S '" *^^ ""• ^o" "■"«» b'ni* 
Court TouhaveewS hv^h^^ Slw™ ""^ '«" »«^'> '""•^e of thi. 
jury-box to d^ ZT^ tl ' *'',•' ^"" *~'' ""^ y" *<»>' i"to tbe 

whe™ tie defend S^^hoUt^ ri*SJ r/^Ll""* ?' 'I* <J<«riP«0". 
their caae to introduce muS LX t? "'f™^ '<»• ^' purpow. of 
tion clo«Iy and eSivdv i^ "i'™'- 1° «»'«"t'«te your atten- 

General, endonung ^e v^ew n^tln^^ '"? •'?,*''* '**""«* Attomery- 
moming, that it i. for hi f^^ \^ ^^ ^' *'**°"" '<"« tS. 

this caae you muet coneider it, a« I am surVvou ,riIl^T^' . ? ''**' '"*'' 
pMMonately, according to the evident pLZ ^It 1"*«.?»l°Jy and dia- 
^n aaid with regard^o th: »Sn !tI^T^^^tT.fo:'^ 
the war than u neceasaiy in order to nndwrt*nJ rt. • ^'^t *' '"*'' 
owe, and more particSly to do hL^Tn rt ZS oiroumrtancee of thia 



Sir Rogca- Casement. 

to you. I cannot but think that ll^ ^LJ,' u'^^ » »■'' """"»• 
EngUah Jury when h. hS th. «urn« ^ .rfi^ *^ compliment to u 
upon Ii^luid. It ir»U to tk.T^*!i . i^**"" ''"' " ■» *d 7"t«rd»T 
l»to«rt. of ii, cl .nt, to^r^tt*^ "I'^J' r* .''•»••. H« '«'» ^i" thJ 
you might b. nbl, to «u^W. ^iST'. ™- "'•"'; P?'"" *" ^'•''' •<> "«•» 
WM n«e«.or that ho Q to^k JJ LT^t '"''■ '" ""i'^'' *» <>'» "• " 
GonUemen, one ma/diS tW^..^/ -""^1° «'"'*'"»"• l^'on. you. 
wo a™ noi .Ton ci tSubt^S^rd ^ n"' ^7 ''^ 1"«"r. b^ku" 
»«nt.ry conflict, wi'S r«r,rt tfwih .ffif~ , ".'" "'^'«'' P"'"- 
war i. only to My what^h.n™lfi , " '*"■ ' '" ?•""» bofore the 
b««me acute between thonortKll '"^ ' L^^^K P*"*^- Th»' '• 
•qually i. boyond ^tten ?£.t VjSn, ^r'' ""■" '"'*'™' »' '"'»"<• 
Bill, particularly, a. Ve,™ toM^n f^ *•.,*''* ''"T'^ "' *h« Home Rule 

again qu te outiid©^ reiri™n7» ST. *•"«'' h"™ been quoted to you, i. 
•onto immediately MoZ^» »' «ontroTer.y That even the .itu.tion «. 
eridenoe. and one ^r^av fZ' ^^ °^u *»'5" " e«fWi«lied by the 
when ,»;, grt to thrwar^froS^LThT ''"r^ff- ^''»' «!«•*'«»>". 
«videni, in au. c.4 ttai Zi trin. IT"'.'""' ''"?"»'8'' « have 
wai marehing, oounterW^b^ ^Ta;^ continue araing, that there 
for the pur^ of exereUnet kt^.aat I^^n 'I!!' ".," ""^ '»*'' **"»««. 
that aU partie. united, nVt o^ly in Gwa 'firi?.,^ "'?' "?'' •"""* •* '"<»• 
Dominion., but abo in Ireland^ Che«if^*t"'. J"" "■''' '" *''« ^"^"^ 
common enemy, it wa« foMd thkt wi." f '° ..*''* con.temation of the 
the north of I~l«d "jX^^^'rt&'lJZ?^ '^ ' "'fj* '«' ''•''"'• 
war came againrt the BriSh Loh^ thirls '" *'°™ ^' P*"**' '''™ 
would re«,t any attack m«fe n^f IS. p ■ * V?"""" »' '<»c" which 
the moment at a^y rate Ti. uC^ ^T"' ^'"^ *h"'' ' «>ink, for 
the hi.tory of IriZ ^tiil E^T^ha™ S'* ■''™''''^ '««''" into 
Wo have been told in the ««,r^^tW P*^"*'*- ', ""y remind you of thi.. 
to preaerve thel^ftii^ r^/'Ite' dl^nH;!^'* '^P' '"'™ '»" ""'» 
mwnent, and for wme fuAher Lrf^ 1^°? **" """• »P «» 'he preeent 
•Hay ai,y bitteme«Tnd to nr««^* ' "^*^* «"fy attempt i. made to 
of ti. ,4.. ™" ""^ '<* P"*""* »"y i'union during the oontinuanw 

thi. ^ 1t°^'£t' o?al"^n^*to°1h^*4>jf ^'"' '.""^ «>« <*"«» - in 
Gennany contraiy to 4e Sn A* „W, *°*-?t'''" '° *•" Em*pi,* of 
offence are that Sir Roger Cal^nt a Briti.l i,;J^*.P"*'«"'"" <>' ^' 
and whilat thi. counh^„ ^ ™" if* wl*''*!, '"''J"*' ■' ™riou. date, 

intend to aid and aa?i.r" e Jemi:.'*^of the ™f ='V'«"»: contrive and 
did traitorously adhere to, afdl^T wmfort ^)°? r?"?" ^^ ^'"K> «»<» 
Empire of Germany, ^ati. .^inglan'^'^wS^hKo:^-:^ t^ 



Lord Chief Justice's Summing Up. 

" *• think. tb« 1.W Vuw dowr«rL?„i^ " "■" ^'""*- 'oUo'-ng. 
«t which .mounu to adhering to "h^fil-^'jr •"""•• t*"* «» do i 
^n. although the .ct i. "ommitl^wffi STlTi* ".v" ^'•"^ <" 
Empiro of Germany. You need ^^^.r^u ■ ^^' **»* '•• '» the 

the f«rt.. Aoie are for you and"or ToTonN' .h XK'""- *" •**='*> 
•hall g ve vou of the Ww -ill „ i!i ' "''• ""• "•• direct on that I 
devot.^tti:?ron to Jr.p:^ll*S,TecI^ ■""^■^""■J the c.».„d t^ 
whether or not the pri«.ne^. guX"'„*/„r^7- "' order to determine 
I deal with the fact. 1 beg of tou to «Zt,S /.. "/ .""' °"™«'- ^Iw" 
.f the fact., nor a™ myZ™dT«>L« tw"".*,*"*.' '"°.~'* *^ i'^HO 
jou gentlenwn who rit^n U^!bM i j^! ,t* l"^^ "' '^ '"«• •« 
upon the evidence for the purpL of .LS? ^* obeervution. to you 
conclueion but you wiU rem^S^'/t n .o ffrrtht T"' 'J ' '"' 
view which I may have formed of the f«t. it !. ^. '^ T^ '*^** »"' 
conoluiion, and if you do not unw wiUi^v' L ? ^." *" «*»« *o the 
the fact., then, it i. for ^V?oT to wWu^r'n™. "•'' »''" "!»» 
oontidw it. If you agree.'^n" you m?Z ^t "•'"""' "* '* """to 

Now, gentteinen the ^«,^^fT^' °' ''*"'"• "«' ««ordingly. 
de-ribed in^he wTd. of tfctut 1 ""^?i.'" ^' '^''«'' ""^^ " 
" King', enemie.." I direct ™u ... n,.T *,'!'' ""* «"°''«* ^ the 
Britiri. object, doe, «. «t~h^.tVe„„C^' "'. ^"^ '^'* "»■»«..» 
enemie. of the King in t he o™ ATot J .C^ " "^ 1" •t«"'K«'« the 
in Uw, the givin^of aid a^ Wort t^ Z ^^ ""* ^'"K" *^' "• 
■{ » Bntiih wbject commit. anTt whW, - ? * ' """"e*- Again, 
th. power of thVKingTnd rf Z lu^ T**"- ?' '*"''• *° ""ken 
•nemie. of the King dd tht ^uX C^i.^inT!':' ST '"• f***^ «» 
•nd oomfort to the King'. enenU« HI ™U A*' «'""» <>' "'» 
pomt to which you mul direTV^ur attonti™'- '^♦t" *° '°"' »^« "^ 
are oon.idering Whether or not theTi-^„ "" " *^ '"•"*'■ '•»>> JW 
King;, enemie in ^ «n» of giW^^d ^T""^,*" "'^'""K *» *^ 
enemie. it: " Were the MtTrtnL^y^* '"."I «""''ort to the King'. 

" Emp«„r or "kT- woSm wt^n h!* w ."""Jd t~ngthen the GernSn 

been pointed out to toi^Z *» '^ evidence, whether, a. ha. 

.tirrinFupofr.trlri«fan?bet^n"°*"i;:' '" *"" ^^- ^" 
or the fomenting of an aZd in.«SL'^!, ""^^^ "^ I''* Nation.Ii*i. 
oauamg any result in Ird»nrf J??! TS' "• '°^^^- '*"« procurinir or 
?f a 4rio„^ ohaicter S^.^^'^oid hZ b^""%'"''V'''''"« "d tro^We 

-a..: ^-e4"t^.l:L'^th.%rrto^tiS'=;atiiy9i 

181 



Urt Cklar JutiM 



Sir Roger Casement. 



Sltr^^-^T *" '"" •"•'"•'" '" •"'»'' '"""d o' -ending 

«g»in.t the Ruwian. «M 7i^?^ *''*'' '«« 8^ to uaut the Turki 
mar diami*. th.f ™ J^ tA .. 8" for their own oountrr Ton 

eTeruponthewitnewNem .avs rtiol* ;'' ?»^8 "^ "fi^f™ »•»*- 
therefore, you maTleavolhl7™l ^.?f ' "'' y™ *» »«* "P"" *•>«*. <^. 
briBg. «.' to the IL poTntln tS.r«^ "^nj;"* f con.ideratio„. li 
the evidence, that i« m tte n«rt^l!,r.!ft„-j "^T ""^ ""« "> •°'"* "Pon 
you draw f^u. thl^Tid^TaTri^n 'l,"^ ' f °" f ^'"'*'*''™' ^ 
poaiible, the defence ea« that sS lL«, L ' P",* '* " ^"'P'y " 

•»»ti-g to .4^t «rSSr V^t^i\',A"te "^if 'O' «>? 5"^ "' 
whole importance of thi. for the mXZt i!f -W). "J^ concluded. The 
that is the true effect of the eWd»« 5^ ^'* " "K*" *° '"' ««" 
«>at i. not the true effect: that IJe^ w ,w ^™ "^^ *» ?'"' *^»* 
oontnuy ; and that what wa. inllnZi ?^ y"" """""e Pointe to the 

introduced into Ireland Md'th^cotl^t ""''.^"S""*' ''"»'" t^*" »» 
there had been " «a ViZ™^* """""nt is naturaUy made that until 
Germany to^d at mtiSS^^I Germany jt would be impo«ible f™ 
even « they «yL™'e^Uc^?hZ^''^;"t?''™'»' "' I™h«ldier., 
at least ertJemelydiSt^fthtr.riL^^.'^^f^r-" ""^ i»P<«ible, 
i. that the i-duLnentoh'eir^Wnd KTtZll *° T ''^ ""' ^^ 
•con as Germany had won a ^aTviVf^l, ?k «tatemOTte made were that as 
Irish Brigade wLlo b^^?r^,^^7 f T 1^ ■*"*"» membem of the 
if that is ae t^ Wew ^^. ^li"!" Ireland; and the Crown say that 
the two oontento. iXu have L2!)."'°°'*"'""' P^"«- Th^ "• 
this case upon the view pre^nt^; to yrtX^r *° ^'^ ^""^ » «»"• 

the ve^ion contended for bylhe defei»' ttT^n ' l"™" '//""."~P* 
moment. ' ""once, out I will leave that for the 

which^i.*^',:^ctv*''.s?"wh^ ^^i"' «- p"«>~'. 

which subrtantiaUy i- to WS«t that £ ' ?•""?. "* "P**- ^ut 
British Cnown. that he eerv^ in S« P • ' ni' " *•"« ""P'oT <>' the 
Majesty's Qm^uI. 'tta? iT^e to tS^^J"®^' *^.»* •"> •»»** «• »« 
WM knighted aean honourT^him • P*""^- "'^ ^ "*i^. that he 
nadered tothe&'^a^dXeStat a^°d^ffi'*""' "' ^^ ""'"^ «■«» h^ 
In . CommiMion which went abr^'d^ ^1 '/" r"'>'«!»»«y employed 
•trodties of PutumaTO wStta^.. „,♦',? ^"^ *° ^^'^'e ^0 the 
» little before the3' tJnS ftS^ ' " ?" "i?^?*!*™ »' thing* till just 
is nothing to in^TTihat a^ ti ^?™V%''*i^'' ^'"*-** ™'' «""^ 
WM the position then. Lat^ Slr^L *•' allegiance in him. That 
IK *^ • '"'*'■ "•«' tbe war, on a date which we do not 



Lord Chief Justice's Summing Up. 

_ II >. '■■'* cut JutiM 

reaUy know, he want to Germany How whir i„ -i, * • 

have no information; but he went th^Z' 7I\^ *''■* """ni'tanoe. w« 

of treawn. IWo may teTo Mt kno^ 1 ' "" ^"•""" ''"*' 
death; it may be levyWww amW »l,^^ csompawng the King-a 
tre.»n with whToi ^Tf,;'.^ '^ S t^i"£i.'";i' °"f '^ that form^of 
with which you nid fawiZ ™t«l"e. ^ ^'. ' one therefore, 
treaaon in thi. oountrv iT^f «tZ^ • f . , '"''°'7 "^ the law of 
oturie. th2!e hTM^aTele^^J,"**";*- ^'' *■"" «»' throughout 
in many ca.M to nm^t *fcTKZL !f "J"* '""'*' a""! wooewful attempt 
of t^^^uZTy, «KioS!rt i^ml*"" *"'*'** "8"™' eno«>achmenU 
again* enoro^h^tTof Se^S^TO """sttnr h"""" k ^°^' '"tunately 
you have heard »™ r«d lonTLi^ , ^"tv*^ P*^ «' '""^ 
which i. appUoahteto a; oaw^^f™"'" ^ *^** P^"" »' the law 
the law req'S™, in thi. o^^t Z ^^ T/" ^'"?*'..*» **" 7°" that 
what th«y*mean in a m^^x'S.li™.'* "*" ("^ ' "i" «P>am to you 
Aould l7p„,od Z tw^tlSLr to an^v.^5^ "^^ ^'' P™"^ 
overt act, and aJtheT wrt3t^^n^?h *"* !?*' ^ "'" "'tneee to one 
form of treason. h4ir^.o^»^*^" »''"*, aot, ^ »' ^ 'ame 
dir«tion, except to bTr iT^iL J£!^ •"* *"""« yourwlyee about that 
and deteUni^g whett« "0^^^",^; TonTt Zt"'^S*'« *" T"'""* 
witneaie. to an overt act in nX, IT^ ^"^^ '^''* *''*'* "»^ •» two 
guil^-^ither"wo^t^°r';^*:4Ti^y^\t'">°^ the priaoner 
anot^r witnea. to another overt a^, b^tTorthfaZ t^Z ^ ""* ""* 

^"""ayaay, and probably have aakedyoursd^d^nTtfc 
the caae, what are overt aotat Ov-hHw^ t * *•"* """^ of 

oriminal intention a^ tend towa^r^e IZm™^'' "** f """>""* » 
object. They are act. JnT wh^Wk accompUshment of the criminal 

>>7 whieh^Vrnt^ncLd'^jf ^T^ ^^^J^ "<» "^^ "^^ 
MMewry in chanrine a Dn.».n«rw;.ir7i- ' . *o°o"u>8 *» our law t ia 

the oveTia.S'^^^Xch""^^ ^'p,f^~ ^nd*^^," the indictment 
care i» taken that a man shall notU,I!^t.„k' • "?""• ^^ ff-^atert 
•iaraoter; and the U^ai^f thTt » evWatafr '? ' ^^fl^ <" *^» 
~^ which i. not charged in^U-eTdOT^^rSetS ^J^JZ^C'. '^ 

183 



t I 



II 



Wi 



u-ou.^^ ^" ^°S" Casement. 

that they '«» be ilKeS^ TiVl?"',^"?' **«•' '« t""-^ 
them into two paTt«^te &rt 'J^lL i-' ^«7,^>"efl7- You mav divide 
Brigwie incident. tteW^?^^if*r°« '!* T*"* ' »»y »" ^e wS 
the incident, coniic^ ^^Tdai t1^- '"'^ ^ "•* ^P"l. 1916, „d 
to the oonclu«on-it i. ^^^l^tJ^Z^'lH^^^^ '"' y*>" *» ^^ 
"e really part and paroelof thl ^ ^* ""^ **' "■» ««'» ">' '"rt acta 

December, 19U, a„d FebruaT ms *?? ^'IT*^ the period betwea, 
that the pri.oner .elicited a^d fnciied ^d ^"^ "'.^^ <='»'8» » 
soldier, of the King to forsake th«fr In. ? '"dea'oured to per.uade 
force, of the enemy! '^d^Sght^Z^ZT^- ""^ .*" J"" *»>« «™ed 
..of circulating and diatributfnS a^^lt L JS? V 'r*'"- <*» *»rge 
attention later, with the obiMt of ^h^^^*' ^ T-'^"''' ' "" direct yoSr 
Ind. «ldie™ to fo«ake ZiTdut to thl I',- '""'^Tl ""? P«'-«'«ding'the 
enemy in the proMcution of the war amfnf Z K' *" "^."".^ "*"* «» 
foirn of the .ame charge i« Xt of ^ ♦ . ^'°»'' '"^ *''•'' «°other 
certain pe"oi..-«o^f th"m ^°':J^'''^''.,P«";^>'» «nd procuring 
Xcoeh, Cavanagh, Greer SaTa J^k ^"''t^' ^"'^^' O'Callaghan' 
to^e number of abSflfr°^\"te'ir ''n"" """" "»* '"''^™. 
to jom the force, of the rakZ wW^^ ■ »"«§»«» *<> the King and 
and hi, eubjeoto in the waT ?ll *L^w ,^ f*"!' »8»^" «"> King 
for oonvenience and brey"; the IriS ^?*'!fy*A'» '^^ ""»* ' <«11. 
P»rt of the oh..^ i, that in ApAr^sW^ '"■"'*'"*• "^^ *«>''<» 
Germany u a. member of a wwiaS^d h *;ii** ^'^^ "«' '°rth from 
equipped byr the enemie. of tte K W hlytt/?*^-'*" "-"J^rtakeu "d 
into and fanding on the c^ ff S/*'','*""'^ ^» »<"duction 
JS^-ed f^ «e in the pi^eoutiontf '^tr ^, rj^.^ZZ'^Z 

in nl^^^'tTc^e^'tr'^^Sf rXl^t'^ ''" "••> "^ar 
preyed again* the priwner, that mem. TJl!^^^ "'■7'^ judgment, 
ueoewary that you diould finTthTS ix^^ *^ ^*^- " » «* 
»»»7, in your opinion, come to tfcT-, i" ^^ "*" "» P«»ed. Ton 
tt.tonly^meio^eef^Zn'^S"^™'"' ^L'^/ir -P"'*'- « 
toconrtitutotreawn. One overt Ji^^.Ij " y™ <'o. «>«t i. euffioient 
to oonrtitute the offence "^ ^^^^ ''™^'^ " •" «»» » nece«^ 

--tt iHSr^:," ™ L'"y,t%i^ S? "•»" *^ '•' - «>-' you 
purpoee of the act. We'ZTZudu^fT'' "' ^ »*«'«<»' «»<i 
had to arrive at 4e mind ^7l,« • '^ "'• S»"'™u yeeteriay Oiat you 
difficult, atoct iiS^Se for?„ SSSST", •■!• "^^^^ ^«t U Jt!^ 
m the mind of an IriAmui L- to ,f^T^ ?° ''''"'* *>>»* "«» P««"nB 

fdering hi. aoa.m.rinl'Z^J^S^" ^^^ T"^' ""n* by'con- 
mtention, are to hR i.t wj «£' ". ""U™*. hi. •tatemente. A mm'. 



Lord Chief Justice's Summing Up. 

lord CUtf jutlM 

tto,S!^ h!i *i!?ti* "" "o-tfi""? »°d intending to a..>rt t£e «.enn^ 
tteTriABrfi^^l P??*"' •* ""<■• " ">« knew or believed Sit 
*: .ir • "'P^ WM to be sent to Ireland durinir the war with » W«r 

h6w«^jr "tfTf""/ ''™^«'' """J embarraw thia^ntrr S« 
ne wa» oontrnTng and intending to awiat the enemy GentWn T fn^ 

l^J^rte tZ.^ IT, V^ " "^ ""."i"^ <>' cS.tri^tTintJnd'S^ 
<*> awn, toe enemj, and how you mu«t judge it 

given '""KJjnTnJlJJ^^^r ''!T '"^y *» "id«»'» which haa been 
™Jj \_ ^^ °'. ' ™"* PO"* o"t to you that the atatement which wm> 

rtl^f ••, . "" ""'y '»»<' »<"* piuMgea aa deal verv cIoaelT with 
he ^S^„™" ■"' t^™"*- ' ™ "O" P>i°8 to direct ylS^ at^K 

l^d aftar ih. fl^^TLT •!^*' ""'"ducement held out w«a to go to 

J^d ?^ tgrd.t.rts r^tr-o?>,^^^n^n- & 

185 



J 



I'M Cbtof JuUm 



Sir Roger Casement. 



M^^rKn:!* '"-'- *^» ' - r.i^ to ^ »o ^ 

««• tMio™ 1'^'^ ^DSSS^'l:,2"^*t ^<»^ *«P"f • At 
thM oountjy among othi™ hST^.S. ■ PK"""" "d terrible waTwiS 
«»»• 'by he w./th«r^r for »h.f:i21T ' ^"'^ -ubi-it ol, 
tone to remain in Gemkny. S h' wl/SS^ '* '^" •"'"•d <&g^' 
Wb do know that in Decemb;,!, I9l7 ^SeXfL^'' "> '»'' "»' kn^- 
taken pr«„er during the war; ttat SflrSf ^ ' "'™'»' <" ""'""o" 
hB InA, a. one witnew explain^ it*J^, •"•^S"!-™™ wppowd to 
«- not known to be Iri«,, b^ L^ {.."""^ '^''* e^MJ^Hly 
«>g»ther in one oamp. Y„„ k."' ,8eneraUy they were— were imtlii>i«i 
Woular camp, and i^r^hiZtu ^„^ ^7- *i'^ '«" *-l^ntC^. 
that camp the pri«>ner*c.me tTlhe^'^ »t Lmiburg Lahn, and whilatrt 
t»m«t no doubt of a plZn^ of "ar l^iJ'"' *S '^'^'^IS "^t^e 
w^mrt commait upon 5i6 laneuiee thit >, ' J°*° »d<I~««ed them. I 
t?^°».*<* *^ te«timony offfe tSji^L'"*^-, ' "'" "«<» it to you 
,'i*f'"t^»tI»"gu.gewa,Lrcak^^'tri;» ?." '"' y™ to Jod^ 
fr^ «Ueg,anoe to their Soyerei™ tI^^'*?''"* ?» '^''" «>«•» »S 
h»» o«ne. it that when the* pri«>ne«^-S^L!?'' "i^ °°' "nreaaonaSyT ' 

or allowed to enter into itb, aT^'' " ™troduoed into that oomn 
wthout their penni,.iJS." 6e w.f*S" 5. '^'^ "o* g^t ZS 

pruonen of war. You arn ..h^ * T* V ^ "''• ""d addreaainff thoa^ 
G«™n. ttonght th.t^e^:^of U.^^^: ^"^ «■" -"^"L^" 
nomber of thew Britirii «>M^™ X„ m u '^""""S *«™ "night be that » 
;;h.cb would be known „ ^t?h B^tJnZe^T'^' '' ^^^^^<^ 
™«. I wJl aaaunio for the moment ^ii" I t *■" P^TOfie, at any 
flghtjng for IreUnd only. CTou mL^« *^"' *» I«*land and of 
tile formation of that brigaA, be ur-^^ "*' "'** '"^^ the effect S 
^fPirel TheAttwney-^^i^MT ''•"""J- '"d upon the BritiA 
^eot. that the mei^S^T^i^^i^ ^y^- V"^ "'i^S-^e^f^m nS? 
in Germany, not to fight for KSrf C!" ''""« f»™i«l into a brimS 

i^i't'^ '"^ "^ -dS^-tio^rSei'^y "««*'*• '^"^ 

Ireland if announced, if knowTmuw ,^^ Gennany, and then to go to 
■t .. calcnlated to «treugthen^^„^ '^, "'J"'7 "> this country; tiia? 
ttat had happened in Geman^er^Bn&°-'* ™"'<' ^"^ th7»coe., 
tend to weaken thi, counh7rte.^Z ^^i j^T"?" "*' ""• «<» "ouM 

!^.*£*7,*^» yielded to the «duotronln Uifrl^*™ *^*'' P"»'»" «>' 
OMWder for yourselves whether the AttoJll r "'..'""P- '^on must 
weU warranted i, that when he ay. " SnS?*°T''-°'«^»«o'" »« 
re^S^*" ^ "PO" °«'*™l» in ^y war " Znf *^* ^^* *'"'«'• "Pon 
" ISSn^^C-^^ri'^"^^"^^^^^^^ —etheeffeTa. 
I ?m afraid, nUre th^ ^ ef tt,e evide^o. hare been read to you 

V^nof the ca«. Because ifTu^^lolh^ ^TncLTCtCt^: 



Lord Chief Justice's Summing Up. 

oondution that that do^nrt ^n aft^ J^^^^. t 'i '"" ~™ *° **» 

"•hnr,™.. J* ■ . '"*" Brigade, aud he said • Whv li™ in 

"SeWi "!S,rfl'^*™'°Z,'^""» " «» batr^ would 'land 5^m"n 
I wiU tre^Jt .. ' "" J">* ™"* *•>»* '« a true tranacript of the note. 

do« not .iLtter ,oA: r.^r :,l:rwt"m '^,^0^^™, " 

.adge whetW S^i, I^wT?? , " ^""^ evidence, and you will 
dS lead^u toXteCJSSn^jn'* V " ^P?'?^ in thU caae which 
i. reliable or not Sw, \. ^"^ ""*. J"^ "^^^^ ^ evidence 

e«mm.«™ • .XV ° ''* "»« oroaa-eiamined. The u»e of cram- 

iue oro9«.exammation on thi. part of the case ii to this effeot»— 
ttd h« »y that ther would ficht in Irdand'-Y™. 

And for nobody elw!_For nobody eb., only for IrcUnd 
th. .™'-of"j;;2Sy'^"un^g'-.'SftS.'"'*°'' •'- '^warwa. o™rr-No, i„ 

moT.toIreliadr^o'! ""^ '"'*'» "^ "■» "»■• •«'»" "» bripuJo wa. to 

Bat th, «« wer. to b. clear before the brig«i. w«i to go to Inland !-Ye.. 

men l^^Jt'^^'^^^ ""It'^ ?' ^°'° "t"" '"s point. Gentle- 
and itii enU^irfoT^ouTh'^t*^' *'^°^'' "' " ^*"*" ?»" ""'7 think, 
word,\^bTtt«i?L^"i'^''ly?" P'*"* "o™ "li«n« upon thi actual 



I 



■lit 



1*7 



il 
i i 



I«<Ckltf JutiM 



Sir Roger Casement. 



th. WM, then thOT would h« «nt*w .1,-^?™ ''^"- " G«™"T did not wto 
gwut.. of « JdTdTu,S..r^ ^ °^™" OoT"-""* to aL»U» with . 

Am,^ «^««»"y '^•d to wto th. WT thv Ao-Ud g. u, Am«io.,_To 

Then, again, in n-examinatiOQ^ 

B» 1^ th. IriA Bri(>d« wm to flglit In Inludl-Ym. 

He »^' '^ *''*"'" »' O'^™"- 1^ "^rt witne.. i. John Robin.on. 

time^i "gt te'lil2J7i5^rtSL.t bIor"Z.'?*?'!iJ""' «»' "- ™ »« 
IriA Brigade. . ' "'''"'■ »"* I" ''oi»d w« would >U Join the 

Mt^JhTtju^rt^ H."id'1L''S°S.*' ^'^l" P'^"' -« g<*m to 
tlwjr wonlS knTtlw Iri.B Brii«ifto td^d. "' **• * ""'*°^ «• tt?"*. 

Hen in on>M.«zamimitioD<i— 

j-grJs?~yofhJ^"hiSr:;s3L^rin\'K,''^^^ 

twonty minntM. '^ iMt«ncet— About k qnutw of an lionr to 

fl.nl^Voii,XTu."i:;"L^i''garnr^tdTi:''-=',.''"^' »« «-» 

__^^^^«^J<;^°J»o nfctitw» lnrr.l^dyo.w.ret. ,,^.,-01.. ^ .t tluit tlm.. 



188 



'P. as. 'P. 2t .p. 2t 



•P. ae. 'P. 87. 



Lord Chief Justice's Summing Up. 

ci^„^ f* """^ ***"*"• ""•»«• O'Connor!^ 
the W *^" •" ""~ ""*"■" «»»>" »'«i"8 and booing hun long 

thoJ"4h!rhSldffi;r'fou^w.'Ji'r,V^iJ^^^ b««d hta,_H...,tf 

oj the Britith Amy. «'"°»«" <" Johnal. Rwlmond, the neraitlng •ergmot 

by the Ulster T.LS:„'^,S*^2,*3.eT^ "^ST. tSr^r 
he i. croM-examinedi- '"""*"'8 '«■««>'* of the Britid. Amy." Then 
■>«rg .^^^ ™ ■»"" ""'«'. •"• -t « to the «.,«.» th.t the «, w- 
The ™ bdo« neeriy „„,, fc. ^ ^^^^^ „ j^ Brig.d.?-y„ 
Then the next witneM u Michael Moore*— 
to I^Lt ""* ''^ ^ "•"»" ^"'•■y »» "» «t.r he wold I«d the Brijitd. 
he 1^«1 LTJeiSd* """ ■" '"'•'y'-N.™! victory. The Irid. B„g«i. „„ ^ 

■• Ireland." T1.5t1^r^rati;n h^^'Z"* '*•""• '"'' '^^ - 
BriAra^r-.S^'S.^r'd^^ ^irSril^^ ~ to h.pp«. to the Iri.h 

*« to Ireliid U S™7„y wL'T'l.'^t^'S ttli™"-"'" ""' t° "»"''> '"■> 

o^-jr" »»' ^^- «» "» «"* ~ -^"" h'i';:oaTd".^dTh.'?;s'^-B^^!f 
s^eSSSr-^-^^-'-^^^^^^ 

nJ^ '^ ']";,"•■'-" '*» '«"■ the war. 
the hW.'lrSIi.'jliC ""' """ — "o ""»■" «<•=<«>■. B1. to be won by 
_ Are yo. . m of thett-I h.y. n.v„ h..M him wy It. 

''"•»• 'P-asi- ^pTii: rp-ii; — j^-jj; 



< 1 



Hf 






mi A 



i^c^^^ ^" ^^g*^' Casement. 

you that he ««ept. in th. ^th°!^"^ J?hT' "'•- ^"''""' ^ t^d 
point upM whiob he doei .U tou to d^™^fu' !"" ?"••». *nd «» only 

Q*mu^y or M ,oon .T^'w, woff ™!^ ,*" *» '"ded in Ireland i 

But It la clear at any rate that th«t 1.7 ^^S? • *''* ^" *« over." 
«>me of them. becau« of a.e7„.we^ ^U.h l\"" "*"!. "' *^ •o'-'^o". or 
»>U judge. becau« when the q^f™ J^"^. ,'„''"'' ~;<1- «■"» of which you 
w. at leatt one or two «id!^Oh no'^ n^? tko" about the oloee of the 
"Germany won the firat aea Victory'" ' " "" '^ "' «>• "•f. « 

2tt.ntn%1."rc:Lr «lChii"rrw*" '"'"" ' -' «" y- 
the coune of the trial, the doclZZLT ',' •°"« oontroreny durine 

whi^ wa. dirtribuSS: n.e™?no evrrit^?""'* ^'j*- '* " » '^ 

S.r W Cawment with tW. dw^nt ^f^ ca» directly connecting 

Roger ea««ne„t had oomeuMnd^nean?^^ " T*""^ *""* "'t*' Sir 

of the character atated in tte eviS^W^,.^?* 5 "P*"'' "'■P'oohe, 

a^grt the IriA pri«,ne« 5^ waf it T *lf '*'*^ "■» <>^"l'«ted 

evidence that aome of tbe^Teafleta^L"!:^*"^ Camp. There i, 

llere i. evidence that ^m^thl^ ^^ «P in the barrack ro«n. 

evidence that Oennan aoMiera broSw J^ f « "l ""^ "»^ them. There i« 

oamp. You ,m remeSS-^at™'^J*„^" Hf *' "L"'' "^^-ood it in the 

read it to you. But thi, i.X llaflet and T ""^.P"^'"? t^^'ore to 

the ,m«ner wa. acting w^th Gemanv ?°^;° «"»'*"''» wSether or not 

men from their allemance vou m,^ f^l ■ J^ P""!"*" »' reducing thew 

in evidence, that i,T,ay, H ^ ai^tto wS^h '"^* ^ *»"»•-* ^ 

It If you like. Ifyouthiikr"ghttoirv "W.r""""*"'''^'"- »'««'-i 

th». that Sir Roger Caaement ^/n^fto dTtitirr 1*""*^ "P«» 

you are quite entitled, then, if yoTcornVt^t^.f T**^ '*' " '"«'' «' it." 

But equaUy, if you tWnkri^king atXt,twr','"'""''ji *? *"*g«<' it- 

and reaaonable inference frrnntL-.;, ^ ' '•"''y- """i drawing a fair 

that, although it :«1^?rib^ by G^Z"^^-**^ ^*^« ""^"« 
upon ae «ene, it wa. part ofthTDirrf^,^™/^ ®"" ^"^^ Cawment came 

.for'JiSi'ndrteS^IJVht t^g'l^T " ' «*"» '« ^o" to fight 
enemy. Tou have fought for ft,tonr^*^i„T': T"^*^' tereditlry 

' no more to you than «ie Fiji hSlA.^'^ '•',?■**'«'' *^«"g'' it wai 
own countr/with a vW to ,«° w .tf ^V '"?'.''« *° ^K''* 'or your 
With aie ioral and nZri^ Slcftftt^"??' '"^T «' I"^"" 
Iriah Brigade i. b«ng f«me?5 ^f °' *?* "^T" Government an 

<i«Hng the war, or whe^^r ir*e.^. ^ '^f^'- » 



Lord Chief Justice's Summing Up. 

pn. Wu"S3'w^^s srarw^-^c isr^.^"^ 

~ th« he m.y defend himSf tl^V^flL''T' ^" »'° '"«»»■» 
»P .nd down, „ Tou U^.T^J^^^^ "'«> "V >» marching 

"freedom of ItBUnTZ^^^r.^ ^n^ '/'". *° .'^^''K »•» M«on.^ 
"Gorernment «, IriA BiWdTu ii^J7„*!:!!^ ^^"^ 
bejrond .U doubt ontiie fS of tl* Z"-^"^ ^* ""°* *" ''""' 
-•irtenoe of the Germn G^emmmt C "' **"" ^*" *" '^^'^ 
object of the Iri.h Brigade SSnS to fl^? ^-f-^thi" pwage-'-nM, 
"and under no <AK<im,^^^^i^J^t'^'^J^^» ""* "^ ''*'«■"«. 
What u .uggeited and XtWh.™ ♦ directed to «ny German end." 
good way ^ttingWr^n^ Wn t^e S*^'"'^* "^^ "^ » ^«'7 
who had been .oldSr., irifttlw nation fJr^^J!"*"''?; P"tie«larly mm 
for Ireland. Tou muat coMidw wheZr ^5 *^ '™^<' ""'y •» fighting 
during the war it w» nSTbfe to Sn^r* * "'? r** ^K^'^g '<«■ Man! 
aid «.d comfort to S^Tn^, ^e^uf 'VT^n ^"«'"'* '^*^'" gi"»g 
to what you think that mean. T.«; ,7 "Jl'.,'*™ *" » «»'olu.k.n u 
;; -haU b/formed. andeha" H't uSSttLe?^^!^ ^ l""^ »"8'«'« 
wear a .peoial dietinotiTelybLTu^fZ, .„5 ^^ H""?*.' *« "™ "haU 
IriA Brigade diaU be clofheTfed aTefflctJS'* '™*' "f*"' "» 
"and ammunition by the GerZn Sj.^^lf . ^J'^ ^"'PP^ with arm* 
"iJerlin. Mid be d^^u^Z^TT'f " ''" ^e .tationed near 
murt »ik youTKlve., Jin w^Tg.™.^ Germjn Government. " You 
equip and dothe theU^! pravi^ tte^J!?^""^^ •,'" ""^^ *" ^'^^ and 
and with Mmnunition. if tti «k obi^^rfT^r"*'^"*' "^ "^^ '"™ 
march and oounter-mkrch ^r^^ri^- *i" ^"8*^ *" *« «««t the 
of the Uletor VotoS« T^ ^r"'"™ '".»° "PP^^d P<>««<»I P«^! 
g«tion i, with «^ri to that ^uZL"^ ^ un*^tand what thHS: 
-hould Genn«.yT ready to do ^1 TifT^f' i' '" jourwlve.. W^y 
|t i. comprehe^aible enjufh It JL" be to ^h^T" '^""?8 ** »"' 
because it would be eowiuR eeed. Th;^.- ^f !'"«'«"* »' G«rmany, 
Ireland. But why, if ^ waT^Iv J^ '°° ^' *** •tn>nge.t kind ta 
between ai. oounL and ^™°°5^v^/»PP«° ''^^^ «» war, when war 
te intere.ted in dSJg tLS^'^t'^Velwr,^ ^'^ ""■' '^T^7 diould 

m-otyX-^BTga^^^'^ir^H'^^-"^^^^^ 

.wiU be removed f~m famt3and d^JribuJJt^" "it ''^ »"»"»• 

»ter«,ted, j^e your oompanfiZa^de™ i^in"^"^,^";'' r°P«- " 

„jnnjreund'. independence f Rememb^'BaSiSort ^^ ^l^^" »2 

•--^ With what^I have ^3" X^cSL^r r ^^'i^?]^ 

lai 



Sir Roger Casement. 



UMCktofJutlM 

<*«»• if you think tut th«. MtT^ o^Zl^L*^ ''°'' '"'•'" *»*^l* 

that oondurion, thJiah.2 X!lS,^^ ™ .° ^l™*"/" " T*™ com. to 
Now. t^ fi„t S"1.7„^ /i,r^,!:r' •"■ ">• «''«X« of t«Mon. 
April. Th« i, th. flndSi of L hL?^!^ ^'*"'- *^ ^"* •■«» a«t 
«8ht i. N«, .bout hX«^n4 «^ ??^.i5" "•?°? -' *'" "8^*- A 
We know no more ttin that ^ ^ Thu«d»y mgbt, whaterer it i.. 
21H April, M'S^yrtL fil„ tte^^r„T ^Kf""' ^"-^y- ^e 
«y hii prayw., noticedthe toTt • hi St? » ^'^ •««> to the wdl to 
been cov^wdwia. .art? ^rdb; to ^JT"* "" "° •"* *'>"•' 1»«J 
e^ h^i been diaXaft^ aS? ^w^"*?^*; •""*, 'T '"* *^ 
traced them going ^ the d^ectio* ofTi. k '"""P™" «' ""« men; he 
found hi. UM. Im. Z^Zht^^»\f°Z 'T-^' •?»• '*•" he 

There ^ the C whir.:;'''<LS:rred',ay'"rf IV™'!""- 
there waa the neen flair wh.VK „.. ITj """"'X "««'■ lo thoae ban 

at about half-pa«t four in the mom.nT .TZ^X "*'^*'- "'T Gorman, 
going from thi aea and ^ing tTC^^ArSert^Th '■'^f.^f" ?"'"«• 
men aa the oriioner anH .^j tk ""*"• . She identifled one of the 
Wt came f?om w^' dTtt Ij^^ 'Cre"^^'^ "r***' ^^^ ^ 
«..t boat had Kot to the ^i« ^ere^* wai'f °und*" Yr.*° "■"' ^^ 
photograjA of it. Tou r^U» the kinrf^ ^\ T™ \"» »«>> «>« 
with the «nmunition «,d X piaSS «d the o^el ll'"- '* •'" *'"'« 
nothing to ihow except the evideM* oT thlir hi f ""??' •«?'" "'°™ » 
you by the witne«e.. lie tto h^^Lv L ^ 'r""* »' d«""-ibed to 
ammunition. There Waa aflaA 1™„ S^J"*? ""^ '*^ ^""d' »' P"tol 
tion in . bag. an^^thT" piawS ^- *" «'""'' " """«'' «' «■»»<"!■ 

thinj.trw^ren's t^r'^z' STtir'T "^t"^'7 *- ™"- 

TTiatiaaU forthepurpo.rmwtirof7dA«fi ;• ' '^''^ '''«» ■«>' belp. 
i. found at about tVeTy nSfuS Part one i^Z' n^*^' "" *^'' P™""*' 
Good Friday, at M'Kenna-TFort '^ButTf ^ »'<»nioon of 21rt April, 
and Sergeant Beam, had Wd^ thefr^r *'"'* «"»**<> officer.. Rile; 
the country. After searVhin^ the ^Zr^ " "f*""' "'" '" •«»«b 
to M'Kenn.'. Fort, which yS-hav^S deVXV*'"'^ '^\*^'^ «'™ 
be a circular Irish ruin. It wa. dl^rih^ •^'^ *° ''""• '* ««»» to 

a trench 9 to U feet deen aIh ,„ ".^- ? J"* *'*"*« ""nd "t, or 
you that he .aw tJ?pS/"t^ """'^f^^* bru.hw«>d. Rfley ha. to?d 

thereupon he wa« a.W X he wm ZVf " ""^ ^" ""«-"«> «"" 
Morton. Denham, Bucka. He .aid^' l.^ ''^ •»*? *« '""^ «' Richard 
County Kerry, then to IfounV B«„i^ had arrived at Dublin, came on to 
had.^ivedS;re,tta^i. TtLC "In'rV"" """ *° *« 'o^, and 
to go to Tralee Th^ "hok l^'^i^t^T"^' "? '"*» ''• '"^^^ 
examination and con.id^raUo^ T ^ m™t Jk "^T' 5^""' '"^ 
192 ""' ""** "*^ yourwlve. why wa. it 




The writln, la pencU on .he b«k of th. code de«rtb«. ,„ 
Constable BUey. evidence. 



Lord Chief Justice's Summing Up. 

»«.t .0 with hi. pony ud SLp tT",^ /"f??* "P ''7 th. bo,. Ho 

P™o».r « on. o» the thrZ moTXli' "7 'S:^''^*"^' *^ 
•«"• I.t«. ,t.g, with another toy or h«T^;j-^ •*.»•" ^^ »* 
»o"«. Mid he tell. Doone to pTi ud Z. ~""'" ^ ""> '''"»• Tom 
he i.y., where it h.d bora d^o?wd • ?t ^L ''■'"' "' fP*' "'"'•'' "". 
took't b«k and handed it to iKc'e Ct ni™" V* ''™' ""' *^'' ^o 
of which you have a photograph "^^at i^ttr^ "' ^'^ " •**"» 18, 
•ndmee about that oode. There .„,li « "" "?'•• ^^ romwnber th^ 
m Engliri. riiowing what the flZ,.m^M*"v' I"*" ?'' *'" f" "o"'" 
which hra boon pil^d upon thS^TJ^. *»" '""•''••"> ">• «-itici,m 
hu bejn „u„lo jTSe virion, ord^ &v.*'*°"*y-«*''"»'- Hrforence 
•re a.ked to wy that that c^nZT h.tl 5!!" T' " '«'""*•■ "d Jou 
int«.«on. but. «nom,T.rr«dTh.t i. mo«^°,*!°f "j."". "' i^o^-t 
•fly hare been done in wMert .i»h S ■>>»tenal and imporUnt, can 
thi. oode, and of T^oi^r^^n? tJ?."' °fr"I' ""^ *^»* *^ •''jeit of 
him to wnd ma«.B,,^oi«wh«. .i ''^ "* P"«»er, wm to ^ablo 

oponly. whioh had rbTS^^ l^Z" u-l "'1*'' ~"''' "»* •» (h^n 
"dtl.er.for. the*, flffTr^ were .Soo^ ^l, ?h '^^^ ""''' ""-ior^nd" 
reiving them .hould know whaf «^„" *?* "^ " «»* «•* Per«n 
attention wa. directed to ju.t??ew o/^*^' ""^ ™"»dy ol"*- Your 
Further ammunition i. Jieded Vrtw ff.""*" "' P*^ "ntonce^- 
rifle, will you «,nd ufi;. ^" "**'.«f» '"*^- How many 
Wm «nd plan about llnding A«it*ZT"''2. '"' J^" «'<» "• 
another duVto '^^ Send rifl-^'j '*""* '*"''''«■ Send 

"d pl«,ty of ammunition a™ n^" &1,/T""'*^- ^^"'^ 
eiplcive.. Send ve.«,l if po.VibU,T^" *"^ "'•°'- ' ^ ' "or. 

document, which w^-^'mTLM?^*; *"'P''«' « *. back™ the 
;:" by then no .iXTrie^i"' '^kT^T d^ ^"i^' =«^ 4 
only by cable to," then an adSW T^-^-^S^ 'S*" .«^' "f*" *hit 
n.u.t«kyour«Ive.wh.ti.thfSSJin» / ttlu'*^^'"'"''"''- ^ou 
carrying itt And, more impmi^hf id^fj ^/. "f *he pritoner 
the police anerted himf S«^w,! LJ^"?,*"? '' '° «"»» »«y when 
piece of paper at the place wWe\" h^C?"Si„^ t^'' ^""^ of a 
to the matter into which you «u« inouiriS^^Ll?"? ■"" '"' ^'e^Micy 
fermju.char.otor. and iJZZ^T^^T^^^ ^ " ^^ » 
the finding of the .looping car ticket frS™^ i- t ^*™ " '""^o"- 
That i. a ticket for the iigft rf th^lUb to the , m 1" ^'"•'•""haven. 

^0.^^. T^rei.^'r^rSial-th^.tSSl'r'-^"; 

in 



•I 



I?: 

t 



Sir Roger Casement. 



LOTd CUaf JutlM 

CawmeiifB overcoat. It ia only evidence that it ia one of the three 
You wUl aUo bear in mind in thia connection that thei« wa« aome evidence 
—you muat judge of the value of it— that in the figuiea on the code 
which were to be uaed aa the cypher, the " 7 " ia a German " 7," or at 
leaat » " 7 " moh a* ia uaually written in German. It i» rather atrikine 
1. J™,, through It, aa I have no doubt you have done, that aU theae 
7 a are made in that particular way, and certainly not aa a " 7 " ia 
uauaUy written in thia country. 

From aa that evidence you are aaked to draw the inference, and if 
you think right you are entitled to draw the inference, that the priaoner 
had come from Germany; that he wa« acting in concert with the Germana 
In this connectiMi you naturally would aak youreelvee, how ia it that 
»>»mMiy aUowed thia man, and at leaat one other, who haa been identified 
and who wae m the Iriah Brigade, to leave Germany and to land if you 
are aatiafied they did land, from that boat on thie wild aeashore in 
ireUmdT The auggeation made to you u that, of course, it waa permitted 
beoauae it waa part of the plan of operation. 

Later in the day of the 21«t AprU, aomewhere about aix o'clock in 
the evening, m the Atlantic Ocean, about 90 nulee from the aouthem 
^'o**' ''■?Jf°f ,?■,! '^' " •*"<' " " diacovered. She wae aighted by 
H.M.S. Bluebell off the aouth-weat coart. She waa painted with 
Norwegian coloura, two forward and two aft. She waa aignalled by the 
Bluebell, and ahe replied that ehe waa bound for Genoa from Bergen. 
The Blueb^ thereupra told her to follow. Tou remember the 
inoident^ the firing of the abot acroas her bowa, and then ahe followed. 
,„ .fluebeU waa taking her to Qneenatown. Queenatown waa about 
138 milea, aa was deaoribed, to the eaat of the upot where the " Aud " 
wa» found. Due eaat clearly not, aa Mr. Sullivan waa quite right in 
oontOTding. It la apparent to any one with very Uttle knowledge of Ire- 
land that thia veaael would have to go further to the aouthward and then 
tura to the east to get to Queenatown. Then when ahe ia within 3i milea 
of yueenstown ahe eeemed to stop uer enginea, and then a cloud of white 
amoke appeared; two boete were lowered; flaga of truce were carried in 
theae boats; m these boato were twenty German bluejackets and three 
offioera, two of them being identified aa German naval offioera; and they 
are taken on board the " BluebeU " aa priaonera of war. Within a very 
few minuteB. aome ten minutes, of the cloud of white smoke being seen 
toe Aud blows up and sinks. We have the evidence of Dempsey, 
the divw, of what he found when he went there, I think, on 10th MaTor 
about that time. He produced to us here in Court a rifle which, he said, 
was typical of a number of riflea which he saw there, not pledging himself 
t.^1 *"'* /"Sf being exactly Uke the others, but he said M similar in 
pattern , and Uiat has been identified by the colonel in the Ruwian Army 
a« a nfle of the Imperial Service of Russia made in the year 1906 A 
!n!^i2!*.^^ P ^^ »1" produced to ua. The clip ia made in Ruaaia, 
and Identified aa being the ohp that was u«ed by tiie Imperial Service. 
lie cartridge la not identified becauae, aa the ookmel told us, it has not 
tte marh on it which he would expect to find if it had been made in the 
ttuiuan Semoe; but it is a cartridge which he aaya would fit the Huaaiao 



Lord Chief Justice's Summing Up. 

iMd ChM jBlttM 

nfle. Rifle butU were found, and one of them waa Drodu«d m ™,. 
irSo^i^* .bayonet riieath wa. ^ pr7ZJ"l^^„VZ 
^knowj^ there >, very Uttle evidenoe. It .eem. to havroome froS 
8«ith Amenoa, but, at any rate, we do not know. That i.^VaSS 

"«»-»bout that bme-two flag, were broken at the muthead. and ther 

were then aeen to be German naval enaigni. ^ 

Upon tLat evidence you are aaked to conclude that thia veaael wu 

?i^ "^^^ ^^ '"'" ^'«««' *° ««">». ""t that .^ ^, r^t^ 

GCTman veeael. or a veaael uaed for German dutoom. ml rt J^.i- ' 

S^^ N*" 'T"*''? ■»"»" » «dTto'^^v;,'5l*^r.^i:^ 

Bntiah Navy; that ahe waa eunsed in an onei-aHn^ I» i?j- 
arm. and a, munition in Ireland.TfuL teaiS tr^d« th^t°a! 
I^luoed, r, .,paey t<Jd u. there were thouaanda of c^^ wUch h^ 
<Z^,^' *^ •^X"^ he went to the bottom of tb^Z. ^\„ 
^J^tJ:^ "f*""' ^, P«"«<>™ foi- one day, or at <me toe hL™ 
^fT^j*^* ^V '"^- »°d (lien he had to abM,d<m it. But ^T, 
what he told you he ww. He deacribed it aa " thouaanda of caiSd«I 
"lying about in the nei^bourhood of the ahip," m?tte qu^X 

^Z "it^^^J'in^l T *"'"' •?8",to''d»rthe innl"°t^:j 
ime veaael waa emgaged in thia operation for the German, of landimr 

W^v JI^ i "Iie.be dojng at Genoa with theae old rifle, aSTLnunWo* 

fn fiZL^ J ' . **"*• '* ™^" '* I™** pi*™ that .he wa. enn^ 

facflSTt^t^p'^ ■^*t'?'- . I' '^*" •*'°"''«^ ">y douU about irthe 
fact that twMity German bluejacket, and two officers were on board^ 
taken pnaMer. of war, put. the matter beyond aU doubt. 

rou may very naturaUy aay to youiwlve., weU, how perfectlv abnird 
to .uggeat that a ve«el of thia kind wa. g<;ing f^m BW to (S^m 

SSftit"" m™" "^•n?"^"' °»"' "^Ge^ offi^rfSia auZ 
unmumtion. Of courae, if thi. ve«el were found hmidred. or thou«mda 
of milea from Ireland that would not juatify you in oominir to the md- 

v^ 2?rin r?^* ^"i^-""* ~"* °f '"•»"'» ™ the evening of Z 
very 21at April, Good Fhday, you probably wiU aak youraelve. wan it 
a pure coincidence that that ve.il happened to be there ^^7^"^' 

attendant cipoumatance. which I have already deioribed to you and whi^ 
you have heard rtatod in evidence) The 6own J^ to ^S' i"^ n^t 

lit^ tv K°v^ ?'?!!: '/ '" *" '" P°«»»>«» of the «)hem6, of a riiX 
«heme which had been formed from December, 19U, to Pebruair 1916 

r^^^J^tw'£fi^"«'^'- ,. ?*'^ ""fB-t to% thit thTia^t 
havf^ *' *•".* Pr°^y •''"J'l >»* »t tbat mom^t and «a that day 
l^Z ^° '"F*^ " ^"""K "^ " » attempting to land ami "d 
anunumtion at «,me point on the coart of Irehind. li i,^ i^waS 
and certwnly the evidence doe. not ertablidi, that thi. ve-efwaTIS^ 

IM 



:L 



lii'i 



U>« Cktof JnniM 



Sir Roger Casement. 



Tratee But that really doea not matter at aU. It ia auibi iit.n,.t«^.i 
to -rtat pomt. in Irdani .he wa. g<ring if ^ «mo to ^e' <^o S^*^"? 
•he wa* making for Ireland and intending to land thereTheTZT^nTi: 
Wable opportunity, in order toTTL arm. „d ar^ttn r^ 
jbM-e. That matter « entirely one for you. It i, pZlTa mttor rf 
fact I can give you no direction on Uw about it eiceDTSe om I W™ 
already pven to yon, and that i., that if on thi. eviS y^ d^ fl^to 
draw ^e inference the Ciown aaks you to draw.Tuire entitCtSt u 
^««Wor^r* " ""' "^-^you a™ 'I^TJ^^^'^it^t L' 
matt^°aL,t^° wZT',.^* '"'K "J^'l ^"''«'" '" ^oneotion with thi. 
2:^*".^ Jh^y rhe"t"l?fu^. " STerH;- a Z^Z'^'^rT^'^'' 

"M'l'ih"""" r™ P-^'.^-'^'^'V C-Sor^X^^^^a^'a/'he 
haa told you, they contain evidence, according to the view that h« nr. 

you in connection with thi» matter and it in „^1,;aI '?es"™.'» 

manoea, you come to the conclusion that the poaition of the " Aud^t 

mSe rCt^Vr™"^- '"^^ ?.'* '"'» ''«■ thTadv^t of tte prisoner a 
.«-!,T * , ?® °«>mmg on the coaat of Curraghane, aU pointed to an 
S.™L t land arm. and ammunition for the pu^oae rf «,i^e 

might be, to rebel m Ireland, and that if there were euc oe^n. .n!J 

w^.? 1^ 17 •'"°'"1' f ■"* """'"l """"t «> *«t way. and oonaequentlv 

would be a weakemng of tho f<Ht!ea of the King, then yiu ™uM to.w tt J 

r:^'ie'^^*r::i^^:;^*t ' "'"''' --^ *» ^o" ^ -^ -^^^^ - 

«,-. ^°*'™«'': ♦'■at "."% conoludee the whole of the evidence in thi. 

T^n tw •» ''"'"»<'* "P«at It. I wiU conclude only by impr«.ing umn 
you that if jrou have a rea«)nable doubt in the matte?. fteV»MfdeS 

aU the fact, and cm»mrt«ioe., the conviction i. borne in upon Z Tat 

«^^r ? *i " '"'" '*''*'' *° "*"" » "">'<>* *» *at effect, and totake no 
St <»"«1''»"» 'hich murt foUow. WiU you con.Yder yoSr 

1.., ^ '""I"" f^<»T— Gentlemen, if you went any of the exhibit, that 
have been refwred to you can have them by aaking. emioii. tnat 



IM 



The jury retired at 2.63 p.m. 



Lord Chief Justice's Summing Up. 

The Lorn Ctav JuamcB-Th.™. • "^ "*' '""^ 

« no map of Ireland uS^;^" ^^S*'*'^-* '»»"' » •»»?• Ther. 
which Colonel Go«ion de^ P"^*^ m the c* except & onTto 

PMoner. None «oh haTb^^L,**^ S^'^. ¥«>, "8n»tn™ of the 
they oui have. That we wST k^^V„ .^^ ""^ <»*• -^ O""*. 
original copy of the drcUle^^? r*? S*"'^ They aho adc for an 
that wa. not proved. ^ '* Limburg Ciimp, but I undentand 

Mr. Aetbuds Jo jus— No 

jnd S^dwriti^fX^Jer*''^ t;: » V^^ «>' ^ «En.t^ 
knighthood, exfibit 32 P"°°''' *^ '''tef ""tten when he reoeired hia 

to pu^ft^"" 'uSi4"«X'S^V t.^""* *""': ' *"■"' '* « better not 
why they may have Stn^^ng't' if^ I^U' ^J^"^'' «°o "^ 
there « no evidence of it and lefvoTt tte« ^ '"^"f *<» *"»' " *•"*» 
•hall be .ent in. and alao the mp *'"«^°*' '=^»' "^^^it 18. 

At a later etage, 
indioSLt^^io^,';^'^^* i>^,l-ve "."ked for a copy of the 
evidence, but we doU'^ro^r^^J'^ ^ ""» •«* '» » ~^ »' th. 
-Hie ATTOB»,r-G«™B^l, your lorddifp plea«,. 

The jury returned into Court at 3.48. 
nanJS* ^"'^ «'«»™-««-tlemen of the iury. ,iU you anawe, to you. 
The naiiie. of the jury were caUed over. 

^^^^^'^:T^^zzi^it^r.^' «>« p"»-. Sir 

stand, indicted I ' « "^ ""^ "ot gudty of the high treason whereof he 

The FoEMtAS or THj JoBT-Guilty. 

^^B^^^\n.T^^-^tTy^,^--'^ ^— «"% of 

rbo FoBBCiW OF THB JOBT— Tea 

of hiS\,s:on' "m^niife'yfura^^t "^'""tr-r"."-'' --«'*«' 

not paaa «ntenc6 and judg^nt um^L^*^*!^" "'^7 *^ ^'^ "hould 

The Piuso™E_MTS>rfaie7w^ die according »» kwl 
SBdienco than 1 aee 1»L„ „„ IT ' J"?''", as I wwh to rea=h a much wider 

•-• I -. «.. my lord. at'onTtrtVpT; ^^.^^^^t^ 

197 



Pit 






I ; 
I 

.1 



J' 



Sir Roger Casement. 

SL^iJP^^ •■' ^J "^'" ^"^^' "^ *** "Kunwnt that I am now 
gomgto read u addreMed not to thia Court, but to my own oountmnen. 

P"" " «» objection, poMibly not good in law, but .urely good on 

moj^ groimd., agamst the appKoation to me here of thi. oid Endi.h 
•tatute, 666 yean old, that .eeki to deprive an Iriahman to-day ■ 'life 
and honour, not for "adhenng to the King', enemies." but for adhering 
to nu own people. ° 

When aii. rtatuto waa paaaed, in 1361, what waa the atate of men'a 
f,S ct'"1- .''''?"'S^°'.' *»' "^Sher aUegiance-that of a man to God 

hi. church or deny hi. God ave with hi. life. The " heretic " then had the 
taxae doom aa the " traitor." 

f«, "^^l u ""n "'T- '»"*«"■ ^'"'J ""d Hi. heavenly kingdom without 
l^iZ T^^'- !■ *"t" 'I*'"^' ■"^'"8 SO"' t""* '"'y of TSero'. Edict. 
again«t the Chn.tmns, but that Constitutional phantom, "The King." can 
•tiU dig up from the dungeon* and tortui« chambera of the Dark Am. a 
law ttat takes a man's liie and limb for an eierciw of conscience. 
l™,» ^I'^^f" '^^*' on love, it is equally true that loyalty rests on 
Sl 111 ■ '»''''"? "''*^ "°^" ^" °° parentage in love and claims 
the aUegiance of to-day on the ignorance and bUndnem of the part. 

1 am bemg tned in truth, not by my peers of the Uve present, but 
^t«^1!!? I?i ^ ^ .^*'.°»v' ^I *■"« "'""'"tion of the twentieth 
f^^'- ^v 7 *■" •>™t;l'ty o' the fourteenth; not even by a rtatute 
mS^'^.. t/?*?°^.°' ,"" ^^^ land-» antiquated ia the law that 
n^nd^aS ' to day an Iridmian, who» offence is that he puts 

The ^«^^„'* "entiment, not a law. It rerta <m love, not on restraint. 
■ae Goverament of Ireland by England i«st» on rertraint and not on 
law, and aince it demand, no love it can evoke no loyalty 

^^ * .* f" •***"^ .", """* "'"'^ «™» f»E it is antiquated ; and if it is 
potent to bang one Irutoian, it is .tiU more potent to gibbet aU Englishmen 
Edward in. wu King not only of the realm of England, but alw of 
the realm <rf FraLoe, and he wa. not King of Ireland. Yet his dead hand 
to-day may pnU the noose anmnd the Iriahman'e neck who* Sovereign 
ttZfo • ^* !* **" '*™'° '"' "trand around the Frenchman', throat 
wno« isovereign he was. For centuries the eucoewors of Edward III. 
^,'S i^i^.?'"^ °' f^"' ""* quartered the aim. of France on their 
royal dueld down to the Union with Ireland on 1st January, 1801. 
TOroughout the» hundred, of year. the« " Kings of France " were oon- 
rtantly at war with their realm of France and their French mbiecta, who 
eiwild have gone from birth to death with an obviou. fear of 
to^on before their eye.. But did thcyj Did the "King, of France" 
rendent here at Windsor or in the Tower of London, haig, draw and 
quarter a. a traitor every Frenchman for 400 year, who feU into their 
hand, with anns m hu hand J On the contrary, they received embassies 
?. rtf *'''"'?"• P'««nta from these traitor., even knighthood itself 
at the hands of thew traitors, feasted with them, tilted with them, fought 
with ttem— but did not a«afflinate them by law. Judicial asua.ination 
to-day 1. reserved only for one race of the King', .ubiects, for Iri«hmen 
tor tb.w who cannot forget their allegiance to tie realm of IreUnd. 



The Prisoner's Speech. 



nf hIJ^^vt?? "' ^^''Sland " .uoh had no right, in Ireland up to the tLe 

Edward III. of England until an Iriri. Act. known as Porainrt Law Z 
by Poyning. Uw an Inahman of the Pale could be indicted fnrl^Ll! 

L=-^^tt^t:^^^T^?eat'«:„taxH^^ 

^' otPcy,>in^>^^hicK I beUeve. appIS ftia*?Utute S Edw"^" "S 
"'tnlnH"'";*^ "■"l^ \i^ Irid.man', defence, "little law. by wii^ 

of^a^p^=.jr;.^-c h^-irb^ t^.^^r— S 

o^high^^"^"^ "b^ S{'^'V*,"»J\'?"<^ "'^ ''^' "naer'tertute 
Irish imT^'j.rT^fi."-''*'''"!' '"''"■« »° I"* Coort and by an 

to kd.^bv tfi"™' ^"'f^' ««> liberty of Ireland and of iLSaan fs to 
bo judged by the power of England. Yet for me, the Irish outUw there 

ffiidiueTfornXreVof^^^m^.:: rSa^.SE^"V °' 

at" ^rera-t'T.^*^ W ^•itw'Tt'^ll-te t^ 

»7e;y S^t?Xtd'i'.^Lr:gir^;^i;^L"' i3l^^lL*^i 

comnntted the act. I am charged withf to fte T^ril^pleTX "in 

"S: cate'^and ^* "" i"' " '1} «'"°P'«" ' ^t^o^T^tn "the 
UKe caw, and who were these other, t Th« "omi ^t.».«i. » i. J 

a^J^l'.'^T'*^ '"« "^'•*' »' -y °™ «oX."nd"h?"otheW 
appeaed to to aid my endeavour were my own oouitrymen The ei^nll 
wa. given not to Englishmen, but to Iriimen, and tT " Uke caw^^n 
never anse m England, but only in Ireland. To EngHrfimen I Kt no ^ 
™mp e, for I made no appeal to them. I asked ^ En^shmTn tohj^n 

by my evU example." and claim that they alone are fomp^tent to S 

IW 



■h' 



iU 



tf 



Sir Roger Casement. 

*lr lattr CuMnat 

^?™ »^l ^S • ; •*?""* *^' ""' '>™''"*' " "»»^ «»y right to letk 
jiilgment at their handi. 

.K.f '?•' 'i '° '?'"^?°»nt«l « right, m> natural a right, w obvioui a right, 
that It u clear Uie Crown were aware of it when they brought me by foi«^ 
and by .tealth from Ireland to thi. country. It w« not f whTlanded^ 

i^,^* '* ° ..•^.^r" ^^"^ *''8K<^ "» ^^">- »'»y from my own 
countiy to which I had turned with a price upon my Lad, away from 

judgment of my peer. who« judgment I do not .brink from. I admit no 
oUiOT judgment but their.. I accept no veidict Kve at their hand.. I 
awert from thi. dock that I am being tried here, not bec8u» it ia iuat, 
but becauMit u unjust. Place me before a jury of my own countrymen 
be It Protertant or Catholic, Unionist or Nationalirt, Sinn Feineach o^ 
Orangemen, and I rfiaU accept the verdict and bow to the atatute and 

«r * »^J" V ^!" '. '*'"," "^P' °° "*»"«'• finding again.t me than 
that of tho» whow loyalty I endanger by my example and to whom alone 
I made appeal If they adjudge me guUty, then guilty I am. It i. not I 

f!l°*r*!LT ?',*'^'.'' ™"^"^' '* "■ **>« ^™- " thi. be not .o, why 
fear the teirt? I fear it not. I demand it a. my right. 

That, my lord, i. the condemnation of English rule, of Engliih-made 
.'•. ", fng"* 9*™™™«'>t in Ireland, that it dare not re.t on the will 
of the In«h people, but it exi.t« in defiance of their wiU— that it ia a rule 
derived not from right, but from oonqueat. Conqueet, my lord, give* no 
title, and if it eiiat. over the body, it fail, over the mind. It cin exert 
no empire over men', reason and judgment and affection.; and it ia from 
tlua law of conquest without title to the reamn, judgment, and ailection of 
my own countrymen that I appeal. •«t»uou oi 

My lord, I beg to say a few more woida. As I say, that was my 
opinion arrived at many days ago while I was a pri«)ner. I have no 
hesitation m re-affinmng it here, and I hope that the gentlemen of the 
pre« who did not hear me yesterday may have heard me distinctly to-day 
1 wish my word, to go much beyond this Court. 

I wouM ac i that the geneiou. expiessi<Hi. of sympathy extended me 
from many qua ^ers, particularly from America, have touched me very 
much. In that Muntry, as in my own, I am sure my motives are under- 
"•^v !^° ^ misjudged— for the achievement of their liberties has been 
an abidmg inspiration to Irirfimen and to all men elsewhere rightlT 
struggling to be free in like cause. 

My Lord Chief Jurtice, if I may continue, I am not called upon I 
conceive, to say anything in answer to the inquiry your lordshiV has 
addressed to me why sentence .bould not be passed upon me. Since I 
do not admit any verdict in thi. Court, I cannot, my lord, admit the 
fataess of the sentence that of necessity must foUow it from thi. Court. 
1 hope I shaU be acquitt«d of presumption if I say that the Court I see 
before me now i. not this High Court of Jurtice of EngUnd, but a far 
gTM*«-, a far higher, a far older asMmblage of jueticet-that of the people 
of Ireland. Since in the acta which have led to thU trial it was the people 
of Ireland I sought to rerve— and them alone— I leave my judgment and 
my sentence in their handa. J' J "is ""i »"" 

aoo 



The Prisoner's Speech. 



too--.u««r h3^ J r^** ?*• "*•" ^ •on»-«y«. and her daughter. 
«r^li™ a £.h ™, ; ""*»'"»?• «» «>* l»nd« of the .ame power 

T^J^^ • °? "" *''« ^°°'" "' Parliament, where the fieht had 
mdeed been won but on the field of battle mui nearerhome where 
^.^^^J^'^^ ^ composed of Irishmen alaying ealh otheTfir wS 

^^^^^^^-^^^^ SLmS 

had been permitted to arm them openly, we were met liuSi a toJ'dt^. 

201 



11,1* 



ll'f 



.iiil 



Mr lanv 



Sir Roger Casement. 



■Dating in Dublin on 2eth Nowmbe/^JlT'.^^*!?*' •" '• P"''^" 
aim. 0? the org«u..tion „ I h^™ ouoin " tteiTI^ Z .ilT"^ .5? 
in that manifetto mn a thmi tl ♦!;• ^ .A 'i . * ■"" «»t»"»<l 
■o much the WOT™« thr&inL i^'ST "'. «>e Brftid, Empire, then 

the import "f alTarm. i^to I™^d^» ^^a'^""' t''"f ^^ ?'«">•!«»? 

«».t. ^^d thi. p^^^tirntf't?;'! h'^'rc "i^'^* r„o^"**f 

Arm« Proclamaton, waa itself ba.ed on .Tn S^!^' • * ' -^ " ** 
Uw, a. the Chief s;=reta,y ha. now putuo^ cSei°^S^'f "? "*^ 
wa« met by the loyalist, of Great bJ*^!!, -.iT . ™* proclamation 

defiance^ aot o!Z^;r^"^^^Z:l'^Z^'iT "T ■"■*" 
by the Lord OuinoeUor of EngSnd « " i^v iU^^nJ T f"""""* 
"•titutiooal." How did th« lr,vi, v .Pr"? '"«8« «nd utterly unoon- 
civawartiatwereTtte^bTthrlZ ,"^" IT' *^« inci(»ient. of 

PJ^y wrrTArsSbfrforpreThi^. ^«";tred^?r,^'?V'» 
about piva war in Ireland, the other,^ "hat tJe ^rt"^'*^ ** ^™« 
no active Mep. to restrain a proMtfSnd^ tW » j'^/*^ i° P"''*'"' *«* 

a^t^ Jw^rtS£»'T^^ P^^rL^grran'd 

thai Irishmen thoJd"f?«1:,^^^Z "'^ 'T' "''.''* "O"*" '" i' 

to uiite aU Iridi^en f^m wSin Z ^*? '"''"" "'^^O"*' """ "'"^ 
and Unionist a, mSoh InTrt Ts t^cJ^^' Tw?"^*.?" P«>t«t«»t 
We hoped that bv «,« .,k?i?.- . Cathohc and Nationalist Iridimen. 

towardl^^Uti^Il o™to1rire J!?"'"'*? T.' ^°°'*'^» °° «" I-* 
them from the side of m ZSiiS I, i T "'«»?'' .3^* ^-^eed in winibg 
lay in its op^^,„ ,rf^ '^ .P^J ^'"** '"'* "**™t *» oi" wuntir 
to^he mea^^^^^^'^Xof Si" ^f- "r*"!' '"■ '*" '^'^^^^ 
a.at they b««d the°^o^*S ^a^r^'^'r'-.T'l*"';. '^ " •'"^ 
«.d^n a ve.y diilu. K^alty thatTrSlille ^XZX^ZT^ 



The Prisoner's Speech. 

Md that if oluiX bMiM JT hnml °"'«1' ■««>"» to me tUo " Empire." 

to Iridimen there tor helo i^^^^f^ '""''' ' ^«*^'' "S"** *" »PI«»1 
envoy, of " Eipi^-TJS ^l^T-' "'■'T^^^'^i «>»« ?h^»6 
JpeUmd. or their spn.!. to^r,!^ f. *'''"'. ''«»''-«'«' deKenU upon 
m«. the P«^utl^^^7\J'" ?» "ght honourable genUe- 
Nuiondi^i would neS^'flSrZ'ldT.'" ' 'f*^ ** Manoherter, 
duty to dK>w him ttaiWknew h^ ^^IT ^I '" '*• '* "" «" 
of my arrival i" tte Sute^T. fSTd ttat° h^^L.^'*^'" Ji '" ""^ 
arm. for the Volunteer, of I«lMd«^„„^* ***? "P*"*^ *» •«"• 
In every caae the Z^^W^i^XLVT"^ *;""'"^ »' P»"°''»- 
the wealthy man or the^JS^irr^ ^t „ .^^ '™'° *' P"™* "' 
gold. "aoier pocket of the poor man, wa« Iri.h 

laid W::,T'co*L".:i'o„ of'ln'Juir,"^'?".^^ '" •■'• *"*"><» "«"% 
in Ireland. •• th«^ZLt ^ o^S/f^ ""^ "'""". «* *•»« •»*« ">»"'»» 
than Mr. BirreU'. ^T^'t^TnJ^ *"'°'- ■ " "P"' "'^ "• '"• 
America. War l^t^n G^Ml^>v ^ my mi.„on of peaceful effort in 
min for aU the ho3we7aH ?„ 5^^ '^'T"^^ '»««'*• " ' l^l^ved. 
Volunteer. A conJtiJ^t^o ".^ ''*"°^!^. "^ *^ enrolment of the Iri.h 
a breach of the ZitoS uX"/"' r .'"'.fn" '"'™'- ^*'7 '" »««» 
to .how u,. -a^TuT?. ■ ^ f-%^ I A "lt«- had been » eager 
tained intact mu.t U the UtJ^™* "*5-.v ^ oonrtitution to be nSin- 

to .ustain it inatooH «» iL- f? "^ ''° **" o*" determination 

chief repUntati^H'^edT^ "^''™' '" ""*^' '»"<» "»^ 
tion, bui to hold",^™ ^ trZT"^^ ™l?» P""«* *he popula- 
tution in the refuaioTthe Zm^^ " *^- """^^^ "' *^» Iridi »"«.«- 
the order, of the &m^ And ZrlT^P'*"" »* <*« '^"'B'' *" obej 
Iri.hman wa« t^ entTthat ,^7- '7* "?" *°" ">« «'■* duty of ai 
able after <teath-^ «™n ^» „ '' 'J? """.™ '"• » Pwrniesory noti, pay- 
I felt Xtt eSrb Amfri»ffi'„^'L!?Si'\- ""gl"* ""'^ "d4.SeJ. 
home in the only armv th^ ^,\f^!,t 1,""' "*' *" ''*«P W«J«Mn at 
.maU nationaliti^ were to t Sel^^^t "^ "''''""^ *""«°'»- " 
I «aw no reason wfavfrpL^ ^ ^f^i".*""* S"^* "' embattled giant., 
own, and «^th»t be tr^r.'^.l^^^ *^ ^'' """^ '" ""7 o«°» »>"' •>» 
it or to an.weS for it her^.^^™''. v* T ' "° "o' "^""od to avow 
of Tl„7„r:T_.T_".''*.'* '"th my life. And when wo had the doctrine 




aos 



ill 



!if 



Sir Roger Casement. 

which ,hoey!r .Iw iS .uoJ;^™^^/?' *^ ^""^^^ **^ '» » «»'»• 

tor hi. ademption— to review tf^^JnTr^. ^ the convict', exertion, are 
to be broken^? Iriih ^Z. .^^ ''," '^ ""''''' P™n"«« made only 

if Sev d»« toUv rfZft!^ 7 "'^ •elf-government for IreUnd. But 

fight for it thZ. tU^ 1,^X.?„''1,»^ ■""»« •■? ■»*» ""'-*d to 
and their death. Sike^ ^^^^l^^t" ""^^- r** **^" <^'*«» 
hi.tory i. not « «corSS t oth^ tJj^T'f'^ P^-^t-T; But 
twentieth century i, loMjfcv h.M ^r^ ■ '" '"^""l «'<«>• m thi. 

for I«l«,d or IririimM If we JS I! ^™ *^^.^''™«'' ?' "** '"'"•ty 
diot a. mu«k,««7to be imnri^,^ .^ ^ '•i""f' " <>"»i>»l». to t4 
that we love liZd mo« Z^"^ "„rC ^T.."" ""*»«' '' 
Tirtue reude. in any oBm of Jf!^t«^^ / v^i *•" ' """* "">» '•>•' 
.uch term. a,lf^v.!^t- • "'^^^f*'" ''*■"' ""* to brave men on 

•men the flower., or to love oui k^T u • ,"«^ *» 'eel the .un or 
thinn an. wiatLu » • ™"r " " ™'y '«>" the convict the» 

domi^rerotheTll«Und?^tr«iJ^»'S ■""' *"'* ^^ ""«^* '"' 
world at if .he w^T^Jt^t • *^ '^"^'^ """"K *•>« n»tion. of the 

fight and die wiS^^ht «1 LT "?* **l* '* '" *»"»r for men to 
204 ™ eubmrt la their own land, to think 



The Prisoner's Speech. 



their own thotwhta, to aiu thair «_ *" **"' »— > » » 

to bo . r.b.1 ia act ind dSd liiW^' ?"»*•»«»• trur thiai. 

OoTernment, for it, own p^.. hiS ^'°"'' "^ *^« Cn)*" or the 
Engand to It^Und under » fiS^L. conveyed him »on,tly f«S? 

wnioli they knew involved n tri.i k-i "^o"™ m Ireland under a tUtnt^ 
Jhen^ hi. o.y .„. waT^^ .n.5"l^r^,- - t^Sl 

^\^T^A^^^l,^^^^'>^^.'> Ju.ti<« do .triotiy oharge 
^^- P-in, n^n t^ pr.^r 't^i-C'^^ 'pSfn^rfeu" 
^o-d ^^"of'^«i!X;f.'jJ^ «\"<' Ca^nen, vou bave been 

^o^'£r^'>'^^-™»^*''S"t^^™^^^^^ 

,^ Pr«W "Mtenoe upon you, w^ITi'. J^t ^"*J: "o" devoIvM upon 
lawful pnaon, and thence to a ria« «/V .•* '""' "* *«''«" hence tb a 

Mr. JMnmATOBT— AmenI 



ii 



II~THB APPEAL. 



IN THE COUBT OF rRZMlNAX APPEAI. LOmKJN. 
MONBAV, 17m JVZY. 191«. 

')!srr>f)i; 

Me JnsTKi; A. T. LAwarKc, 
Ml. Jin..,.i« ; jBr iToif, and 
Mb. Jueno; '.tki*. 



0'<»''n*i /or eA< Oroum— 
""stJ^To:!'^^ <^- ^«''* Hca Sir Tr^^ 
^^-<^-0^«u. (X.e Ri^Bt Hon. Si, Q,o^ Cave. 
Mb. a. H. Bodkin, 
Mb. Tbavibs Hdhphbbts, 
Mb. Q. a. H. Bbaksok, 

I'-t^tedby Sib Chab«s W. Ma»h««, Kcbl 
Director of Public Prtwecationa. 

CoiwMrf /or tAe 4^,p««a„<_ 

Ma A^M. SU.UV.. (^c. and Second Serjeant of the Iriah 

Mb. T. Abtmhts Josbs, 
Mr J. a MoBOAK, 

In»t™cted by Mb. G. Oavin Vom asmrted W w. 

HICHAM. Fiu.ci« Do™. oir^:s^ t. 



m 



Sir Roger Casement. 



Pint Day-Monday, 17th July, 1916. 

"thao iu the Kimr'TrMlmZto ,S! "* *i" 2" ?"'^" ^e^i** elwwhere 

" to the IW™ IJ ^iSli^ Ji*' '^^® ^"P'" °' Germany— oontraiT 

TO me ITMUon Act, 1361 (26 Edward III., .tatute 6 chanter 2\ " Tkl 

triable at t?e time at^l^on it UeVf/.,''*'.* ^'!!:'^ ^' ^""^ 
™8 to be declaratory T^he co^n W *"*''°"'y «"«* «»« .tatute 

r pJTierxf / f fj =^nX.trii::Tth:"cot:„r 
XCd^ir^l^Xhe-ra'™^ *°r™. "-^ -»* *^«^ 

clear^ri,, would be^o^„,^^t Witt thTl» «™'7body, and that that 
being an offence undenhe^tute I tw ^ "^"^^ '°.*''° indictment 
crept into t«xt-booke, beSau» cX' intL tS.£ZT,. *" ''T '"''•''T 

esf^be^bS^^r*" "'— ^'the"';uJ:Sw'^;'"tb^,t."t;r rs"^ 

llSt^nd to 2w*^of L'^r^t"' *^f "r* """^ ^o explanation oMt' 

nra^» "^r'"^^' »'-="- *t^« «-':^'=i 
i^/n:^dT;;:ir^"Kr'orted;r •^izTt'frff 




1! 






The Hon. Mr. Ju.tlce DarUn«. 



Appeal Proceedings. 



•••tnt" #liioh created it ""??«»«« mth the diMppeanuoe of th^ 

a>««tofore triable by common law ^^wC!!?^*^ ret«epa> to mattem 
before thi. time in whrt^^Lon d^S^!* ^7" "P™<"" ''«™ •»« 
Kmgr at the requeet of ^h^J^,^.'^^- "'^ '" '^at not, the 
"declaration in & manner « Wfr^f^^f the Cbmmona, hath made a 
we ean paae on—" oTifT „ "^*»™»' foUoweth; that ia to aaT-'—tiMn 
;;m hi. Cm or be ajle«n>ti*7 "" '«'^'' "" l^"th. ^g 
to them aid and c^ort in tht^S^^ ' ""T* » 1^ "»!». givtof 
•probably attainted." I Sve p^^t, ™.J^""''r V ""> «^'-«>' b» 
the preeent inatanoe. lie fir* ;£»!!!? *?™« "»ttera which do not arise in 
opinion, have be*! bZ.m^^^l^:^*'' ".*''' ''^*^ *^* " <»'>«^ 
m what not." I would W« ^ ,™,^ .""* t™"*"" »haU be aaid and 
ti«.e of the .tatute therwere^rXrf™''"^'" bear in mind th.rat ^ 
fl« .flair, of ^bjeota^wTS ^""t^i-iTl.* T*" 5' ''" "^""C 
"d« of Uw extended far beyo^C^d ?^' ""'' *"»» "' t^*" 
•how wa. purely local, deDendent ,„lf ^ "* common Uw I hopo to 
Uw cojdd Woogniinrof'notUn^\ir^ ""r"^' ""^ «"<> »^<» 
rfeome county; the« are .SW^^LIl^* «"» within the body 
»mm« law to deal with matte™ Xfi,^"*!?^ f"^ ^ «»ble the 
of oountie., but a< far aa 1 ^™ ^t^l i * ""* ""•o" " tb'n the bodie. 

'or -uob a'prop^Sti^^S.it'^^r^tL^-eVf^^r''^'^ "-jZ^ 
»M capable of informing itaeS of^^fi,' *' ** ''"* <>' ^""d III. 
which had «mplew7^e*„'^'^7^««'o«nti„g to a t,»..g,^o„ 

~^^' »''''*»■» the fouSon o? ^SdkS J"? not in a body of 
My lord., the opinion, of what ™, V^'',^^^T "' common law. 
them we can trace. The on;!^ ^^ ^"*" *^ "bat wa. not, «>me <rf 

•jnt back P^babhTte t^T^r^^Alf^^'T'"^ *^'' *^ "' «>• ^^ 
0* adhenng, and a typical inrtanoe of iiwl!^ ^^ we get an inatanoe 
^ «> .the report., and S^?^ Si rf tti*„ J^^ "^ «™'' <>' «««" 
all MM. in which a penwn^^UwTit; K;„^* "™ *7Pe, because theylre 
J^n "eking to S eS^ o/tSt^-^f^ """ "'^^^ «■« ^'» 
~to, but in moat caae. outside the ^Im L f.. "I:-"*^ '''*"" *•» 
P0«tion m the reahn to ein infnrnT.t;^ '^ ^ ** ""Weot utilising hi. 
we «e fi„m rtatute. laterT ^^ZT ^l""* .,*" '^"^ inteUigence, of, « 
memie. outmde the ,«Im hut^.!5? 2 "°? °"'**"»J "<J to the Kiirt 
^. lie ii™t case I^^iion o^t^rin^l "'""^ ''«^ «>• «.!» 
*«X^'^>'"'* ^be^te^te'^™*^'^ ?7 "»«"(? rith within 

«ftt>«n a.at i. •* out in Z HiJ^"^' EndZ r'^l« '^'" «•<> '^ 
worth, wh«, he «<« ae ate rt^n^ffi'*JtT^^T Pn>f««>-r Hold.- 






III 



n 



m 



\m 



Sir Roger Casement. 



tiie prefatory avermento are almoct identical with vhat remained for 
hundnda of yean aftervarda — that Nioholaua de Wautham oontpired vith 
Guy de Mcmteforti and his brother, and Llewellyn of Walea, an enemy of 
our Lord the King, and that he did come to the King'a Council or Court 
to privately find out the aecreta of the King and all thoee aecreta which 
he oould, and when he had aaoertained them he conveyed them to the 
BUng'a enemiee ; and it saya that he waa one of the adherent*, the ten» 
in which it ia alleged in the subaequent indiotmenta for adhering, con- 
tinuing for a coupte of hundred years. Strange to aay, in the aeoond 
volume of Pollock and Maitland, at page 506, your lordahips will find the 
opinion ezpreaaed that of the offences mentioned in the atatute, probably 
the Loost recent in the development of the law of treason, was levying war 
against the King in his realm. That proviaion, my lords, and the limita- 
tion of it ia important when one comes to consider the position of offences 
with regard to which the atatute was passed. 

My lords, at the time of the sitatute there were in England among the 
great landowners and nobles a number of persona who were under two 
allegianoea, one in England, and, in respect of landa which they exten- 
■iveW owned in France, another allegiance in France. The limitation of 
levying war, and I submit also the dear limitation of adhering, arose from 
the fact that, being feudal subjects of the King of France in respect of 
IV«noh lands and of the £ing of England in respect of English landa, the 
barons themaelvee would be anxious to limit the decision of treason in 
■uoh a way aa that their English lands should not be forfeited in reapect 
of service and homage rendered in reepect of their possessions outside the 
realm rendered to the King's enemies. At page 460 of the first volume 
of Pollook and Maitland there is this passage, ** The territory within which, 
" according to later law, subjecto would be bom to the Emg of England 
" waa large; under Henry II. it became vaat. It comprehended Ireland; 
" at time* (to «ay the least) it comprehended Scotland ; it atretched to 
" the Pyrenees, Then, again, the law even of Braoton'e day acknowledged 
" that a man might be a subject of the French King and hold land in 
" France, and yet be a subject of the English King and hold land in 
" England. It was prepared to meet the cose of a war between the 
"two King*; the amphibioua baron might fight in person for his liege 
" lord, but be must also send his due consignment of knights to the 
"opposite army. In generation afto- generation a Robert Bruce holdi 
" lands on both side* of the Scotch border ; no one cares to rwnember od 
" which side he waa bom." The reference to Bracton is folio 127B. It 
waa the Parliament that was seeking to have a definition of treason, which, 
of course, at that time was very largely a matter affecting title to property, 
and developed, indeed, in the early days as part of the law of real property. 
The distinction between treas(»i and felony waa, as we all know, who 
should get the landa of the barons confiscated, whether the King, who, of 
oourse, wae anxious to extend everything to being treaaon, whether it 
should be others who would be anxious to limit the cases of treason withio 
the narrower compass. This furnishes an instance of why there should 
be special mention both in the case of adhering *a the King^s enemies and 
of levying war, and a limitation that it ijiould be within the realm, other- 
wise bound as the owner of land in France would be bound under pain of 
210 



Appeal Proceedings. 



■r. imunua 



torf«to« of hi* Uods in France, he being in meet um* a leeisUtor in 
England bound aa he would be to furaidi actual military aemoe to the 
Kmf of France, under whom he held hia French landa aa a condition to 
petun them, he would forfeit hig Engli«h lands if that amounted to trwuon 
with reference to hu allegiance to the English King. I «ubmit that it 
la a very pUin reaaon why the ParUament would be mot aniioua to aee 
that the persona who very largely constituted the Parliament ahould be put 
in a position of having to eleot, with two feudal claims upon them which 
of their territories they ahould forfeit in case their two feudii lord* 
diB*^<eed and went to war. At all events ther« is no doubt whatever, 
1 wbmit, that the limitation of levying war was confined to within the 
realm. The proviaicoa of the statute have been re-enacted on subsequent 
dates, and I will pomt out to your lordships on one occasion, and on one 
oooaaion only, was the levying of war eitended to without the realm, and 
that was a statute of Charlee II., and for a brief period. One of the 
matters that will have to be considered here if levying war waa to be treason 
only when committed within the realm, is why ahould mere adherence to 
another person without the levying of war elsewhere have been oonstitut*! 
treason, when the actual taking up of arms beside him would not have been 
treason within the appropriate limit of the statute? 

me quotation from the Oxford Oty documents will be found in Pollock 
and Maitland, volume ii., page 607, at the bottom. That is the case of 
adhering I was reciting. Now, at common law, both before and after 
the statute trial had to proceed aooording to a procesa which was so 
ngidly settled that process was everything, and the essence of common 
law, the foundation of common law was venue. It is most important 
m the oonatmiotion of the statute to w>te that procedure U not dealt with, 
because I will pomt out to you when it comes subsequently to be eitended, 
M the statute was periodically extended to operate outside the confines of 
the realm, procedure was always looked upon in the statute, and hundreda 
of years afterwards when venue was looeening in civil actions, and was 
mdeed becoming a matter that might be alleged falsely and not contro- 
verted, nevertheless you find that in criminal matters Uie question of venue 
IS attended to whenever there is statutory enlargement of offences and 
bnnging th«m outside the confines of the realm or outside the body of 
counties There being no provimon in the statute, the question at once 
arises, if a statute is to operate outside the kingdom how is the statute 
to bo put into opwatiMil Venue., we know, went back certainly to the 
Oonstitutiona of Oarendwi, which are in 1164, where we get the essence 
of venue and the essence of the first step in process against a person 
spjnst whom a crime is subsequently to be alleged. We find all threurii 
ttat twelve men from the neighbourhood of the occurrence became tim 
standard of opinion as to whether a man is even to be put to trial or not, 

^".^^^^ "» ^^ 5"^ '""■■ ''.'P*" ^' »PP"«°tIy ^ men should 
crane actuiJly from fte very county in which the offence had taken place. 
Tour lorddiips will find m Viner, volume xxi., page 3, under " TWal," 
at the fl«t line of the page, " If an act be to be done all beyond sea, it 
_ cannot be tried m England ; but where part is to be done in England Ind 
part beyond sea it may be tried in England." In the same volume 
»t page ISO, under " Trfij," you fi„d a ^gestion ot i^L^Z^^- 

Sll 



Ii;! 



; I 






Sir Roger Casement. 

Britted in two oountiM in either ooontr. Th»t. u a nutt«- „l t.^ 
~.tr«rt. w^th the opinion of Stephen, tiM, until thiew^^LaliT^f 
Edw^^cn„« that ^ .^ ^^^^^ .„• XrtSt;*::^*^'^"^ 

Mr': &^^SS^^c:SSJ;it«'' "*'^'™' «*""»■" 

Mr. Jnanoa Dinuiio— What did be eaTt 

Mr. Sdlutab— That until the atetute wa» duk^ .« ~>»,™~ i 

«*»ro?Z.? ''^"™-" '«• i^Po-ible. ■ Doe. he indioate what did 

Mr. Sm,uT«_I ehould uy he did it again. 
a» ^^T" ^'^'^^^ "e Jway. commit murfer on the edge of 

«ther" ou^r''?^^»X*?"XJ^; v°" 7^ '«"-7 be tried in 

M- i™l_ 1? „ ' '««TM to Viner for at paae 130 

neithJI^- '""''' »*«u»o-Stephen «id he think, he 3d te' tried in 

long eerie, going ^V'^wa^lT' Sn^'-*^"- "^^"^ P*^' » 

Kthi-x.€95riS-'f 1- -t-^^ 

the fact that vem^ww oriSnX ,llf^ -i *."'' *?^ »" «»<«rtent with 
i. writing aftir Te^tCtf hal^cu^ IT^ ^J^""^' '^'""•' °' «>"■«. 
<^ion of the .tetatT At III -^ ^*' "'' *" ^'^ ** e^rewing the 
erentuallT tat th«« -«rtrir,l *™''*«' ,*''«y ™re triable in either o^nty 

MMoo of trial. ^ . ^^ * ™°"*' """^ ''">"e wa« the very 

d«a."'-th'"3mon"iri^;'*atr .'^°'' *^' "S?'* '*»*"*« *<• »<" 
eiUier county T ' ^*"** "■"■* °^« *•>» «"»» triabJo in 

time it . ex^oT diffiouTt^t,»T ""^ pi:opo«tion, but at the «me 
either county, beoauf» m, l!«l ti ■ ■ °* "' """^"^ •» indicted n 

^ iiS^^fhefl'tlT, ^» ju™,. w«, iuror., and 
219 



Appeal Proceedings. 



. hn^.i^'^^^"™*"^'"* y°" "^™ •* *•* «»» "t" the juror w» 

WT .T^ ^H^LS^r "*- '^ ^'— »«*«. -7. to^ 
t» f>5^' ^"f^^-No, 1 think that would be the cure One tou «t 

jn,ui:.y^ule5tu'^ ^tttT^ r*„^^^^^^ 

mL^ r ,y~ «?*.<>»*•'<>« the body of the county, at tiiT ^mfrf 

merely a development. IW^S b^ r^ „, ™* CommMBoneni w«« 
I AM rely mT.tXonriy thTt .il^P^ °' "^ "Tf*"* "f™ '"* 
oflenoB. niitoH« rt. „ i^^' ™".the "tatute. proceeded to provide for 

Mr. Jraxioi Da^w>-R, you mean the rtatute of Henry VIII J 
Mr. SoLLiViH-The 26 Henry VIII., not 36 Henry VIII 36 Hsnr, 

«iiy, Deouue a* we know both the ooDrtabU asd manbal and the 



m 






: Is 






Sir Roger Casement. 

■r. IBIIITU 

MitwVpf""^ Di«u»B-flerje«it SuIUtm, in the om. tou out minno. 

common l»w could ' "^ *• ^^'y- "7 "«"» «"" th. 

"die. of the .uae rt^ur^ th??.^ 1l?"**° "P"".** ''«'' "•• "^ 

wa. i£r./.'':"?„°'''^Sl' ""* ' '^« '•«^«»" made by » ™„ 
W into'wZZi>i„'".PrieS°'d«d'"w't?' in Wordli„Z 
So-Md-So .nd So-and-So" He^^ontl,;! ^ ^u" ^^"^ •'»t«J *>»« 

^^^jd. oouid not KoodtiinW^t^-jr^'^^tv::^ 

that e«d3oo«]d noHlveT,^;^* '"'" ** ^- ''° ^^^ "7 «>•* 
Coroner'. Court^uld «p^^^o ooinl^rtl^*' T^v *^? ?>««. b-t th. 

year, ago the« anoLliee w^lil^re*^^^ il'?t.^;,'^r ^^^' '^ 
onme, they were redre.«d by Z^ ly^l« ^^ ;'' T", *" 
between man and man in oontraot. tr. \.nZ2 J™"*" m the law 

earlier period or rather^ V12^a-^ commence with, at a very much 
venue, to ^» ^^rTaUe^S™ ^^Xit "°* T'' ^ *^* aUegation of fata. 
to be performed wiUiin^r^ I ■ "V? °' <»«'t™ot« 'Wch were partly 

rule of ™:™lid 1 limitation orvrni^"*""*'™ "' '""' "^"^ ^^' 
been redre«i»d by any «^Sl devl^il" i!'-P?° .* ""*^ ''''<* had not 
down to the en3^ SL^ whti IT ^ S^Z^'l*^" ^''^ '»<J *» •» true, 

'■f<^ «-l£!*^J«^t tLS:°an1 Se-ottV-aS: Cm^' 



Appeal Proceedings. 



" S^^ ^ T™* i*7'>* '* ""y •» •'"'^ «>d drt-miori Mora 

« i ?^.. •• ««>^t*od. which miut appeu- to h&ra fa«en within tha 
to-jh^ o th. OcuH in which the SZment wn. tSS.. Md miS 

"hrfS^nfifl J" "*?,' f'***',."v" ^ aforwUd, when B wuTnot 

" 5Sr?k "i^^"** \°' '' ,*■* "™'" •» »"*8*J »t A and the death at B. 

"^^:^TT\r'^:^ ttat the d.f.»d«>t «. /.to«„ JlrftS 

ine oeoeawd at A, the mdiotment ia void ; ao u it abo if it Ut not hcth 

from whence a venue may come." ^^ 

With regard to venue there it a v«ry interartinir caw. I believe na4 
heretofore pnnted, wh ch mv ooUeamie Prof«Mnr nfJ^ i.ri. j • 
the Coram Rege Roll. Eaati. 2 H^'lV ZSj^S-^at^^hS 

o«.mjpeot.t^ It i. a ve^ peculiar ce. It i. the «J rf o^ff 
Kynaaton, who waa ohai^ged with being an acoewH? totte tresKn l3 
"^"^"^,7^1!? "i 'i'^. «'*»"' Monie.^nj^p,J^„*tmS 
men^^/iiT" ''y "?"*'"». *»* ^"^ O'T^dWlmd other ^. 
mm had imagined, oonapirod, and intended the death and deDoaitioTof 
^ing and of the Prince of Wal«, and John K^n wa. toSi f« 
T^^LV^LT'"^ treMon^thi. i. notHSlaT^S. tt 
l,rhS.^^ • foooownt-io wa. chu^ with having traitoroidy 

•mt h« „n m am. to a-ut Owen Glyndwr at Onvertiy. ^ni with i^i^g 

S^I^Sf "^"^ ^?. y^^^. *~ito". "d wito having feloXiSf 
jtolen catUe He wa. indicted in Shiopahire ; the indictment laa retiXS 
mtothe Court of King", B«ch at Witainier. It ™ th^ Sv^ta 

z^riJ^i^n';"'7-ri°*^"ip'~" '•''» » «■« indictni^of'^fZ«s 

Z^^uII^TZr*"^ Shropahfre and the hiw« of the roalm-that i.. 
XSZ^rlL^f trea«,n, the aawmbUge under Owen Glyndwr. Tlie 

JuiOoea m Shropshire could not inquire into treaaona in Walai nn, «Li 

General occupie. m more recent yeare; I rather fancv the diief fVvSn 
repre«ntative wa, the King'. sJjeant at ^ tiiT^ t I htvo^M 
,Wiff"r^W°T!^ "PPtr^- '^ "P™ «^ '"■"tooded that 5?e wi 
S^-.KU ^Ti, ? '^^. 5<*,i"q>^'« into treawn. in Walea. nor ^ 
wZ ^1,^ *^* "tr* ?' ^"K'""^- 1^'» ™ admitted, and the tor 
h^hX'^ tK*^-*^' "™* "' ""'y *^^ '«'»'™ that 4ere ooZitS 
m Shropei «; the juror. w«re mmmoned from Shropahire to theCoS 
!i ^'"R," ««"<>''. The plea to tie jurisdiction apPnto^yeb^ 
•dmitted b".«u8e the uror. were aAed to try and in?^ into the felo^ 
committed in Shroprfii™ only. According^, my loX hfi, triST 
^; be i, not tried for tie treason, and. my lord. « L mattor^ffc^ 
the jury a«,uitted him of the chanre aaafaMt him IhL^y ' 

plet. copy^^f the roU if j^ l<^'*^u'L™to It" '"" " ~'"- 
Mr. Jomoi DaBumi-It doe. not My that he oouU not be tried for 

US 



itt\ 



hf\ 



ri 



Sir Roger Casement. 

s^i. ^ji^^ "^ into ^3 in w.uSV^'i^j:s, 
r.J^-i'v^zt's:;;^':^ ^y it w„ not t^ wit^ ^ 

did hfiigJ^H^,''"™-*'* ="7 1^- ««0 ""t ~«-i* it. d» ,hj 

tionUt CM6 in^Lw iS^rr^v'^ '"•'^' "> ""^ !»*•'• that 

King", writ did run^^ere?. Sii r^f* """'^ *" "''''^ *»» 

fflyndwr'. c.»irW'wh«^*5^^»!J.^ "gard to thi. matter, that Owen 
Now. that defe^iM^S^fc"^^ Jp-f* TI* <"4 ■»» ™- 

^^P. fct^TeVre TSeSj,-^r -rXr'^ '"I 

with^- ^^^^z:' *fi^ tkii' lr f ;^J''.'" ^" «»-"»'™' *» '^ 

within the MhT .„A i ? ^ ?' lordAip'a view that Walea w»i 

oonu^t^in'^'Se.^^ otSia^Tf^'^^-.^t'^ -* - -- 

oould^riS tnJi ^'"— -^*- not the« cLu in Wale, that 

Jr. Snu«A«-I think not I nay be . Kttle oonfuaed in my d.t-, 



Appeal Proceedings. 



look it up •ft«Tr«ntotr«M™r-i~ .vl 3*" •<>'™'"I» pwmt nw to 

Thm ^OTOtM Si K^- ' wa, committed." Thrt iTb.nry IV. 

pwit number of tbow irtltuLTII^^rSn; ^ .*•" '" *^ *""<"'• "><1 • 
Whm theTdid «r!^, « J !? ertend^e law of tnuon outaide the realm. 

in th^m^rhe''^^ r? '^' Z .('"' " ^ '*•= »* «^» ""^ 
dtinB •• i? »' ™, ."y ""• >" deahngr with thi. <v.se that vou have heon 

'■ WaJe. wJinqluwMe or'w.M"^"/ """J?*''' ?' '^'''■'y «»«'«'itted in 
" terminer or^r^VKW^t'^'T F™»i«ioner. of oyer and 
"ComSo^e» aJriln^ bv th^K- "'• ^Jf'"'"*- •»* •»'o« Ju.tioe. or 
'■ the fact ^^Z?S^."^ "« '" '^°" «'""*'*• "' W«><» '»'«« 

Mr. Solute— Tluit ie after 2 Henir IV 
in the/iift T^"™^^ ^ "'*« *^« A<* »' Henry IV. That is 
tt^t beoSSdbe Tied^ LW.S.^^.'?7 war apunrt him in Wale.; 
.^could not be tTai t-^.-TB^Tul^t KI^STSS 

SI7 



M 



if 



! 1 



llii 



"focow nmunoN nn chut 

(«NSI OKd 00 TEST QUIT N.. 2) 



1.0 



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: lit MM. 



]± 1J.6 



A 



/iPPLEDM43E ho 



(71C) 4« - 0300 - 



■f. (ulUnn 



Sir Roger Casement. 



^wS?** OMn™»«»> "wed hy the King of EngUnd to go «nd tiy him 

Mr. StiiiiTiir— By itatuto; that UUi»Y«7 argument that lam BoiiiB 
to addnM to your lordahip. ' ^ 

„ Mr. Jmnta Oulino— Bale doea not lay it it by atatuto that tha 

ItenmiMonera act, except that they tiy him under the iitatuto of Edward 

... *''■ Sdlutih— No, my lord, when you oome to the CommiMionera I 
Huntyoo find the Communimera are purely atatutoiy. 
.. »v*^'- ''™."<» Dablino— " Before juatioea or Commiwioner* aangned by 
the King in thoee counties of Walea where the fact wa« conunitted " 
Mr. SuLUTiM— Tour lordship wiU find that the provision of assignine 
both C6mmM»ionorB and venues is statutory, and I am goine to onen a 
aenee of statute to your loniahip. b .-« j^u . 

-^^i^Li"™^ ""fr^ '* . .".' "PI™"'* " w *>- that merely 
regulates the mode and the place of trial. It does not say it u not treason ; 
the Act that you have referred to does not make it treason. If anv Act 
makes it treason it ia the Act of Edwanl III. 

Mr. SoLOTiK— What I submit is this, that nothing ia treason unlos 
It am be 80 adjudicated treason. When you are dealing with the Courta 

r ^i*." ™* ' "?"^'" '>' °"*^"' ''"* »' '»''■ tJ"le« there is some 
Court that can say whether a treasonable act has been committed or not 
in the mquiiy into the matter, it cannot be treason to do an act which 
IS", **" do without being punishable for it or triable for it in a Court 
ot law. There cannot be what in law amounts to a crime of which no 
Court can inform itself. Ton must not be presumed to have committed 
a cnme until you have been lawfuUy condemned, and if there eiists no 
machinery, not only for condemnation, but for inquiiy, I submit that ii 
overwlielming proof that the act cannot be a crime when its legal quality 
cannot be inqmred into. o i j 

.1*1,.^'; '^™'^ "^f^^^^**" °™ y™ '»y *">*" '«• "o machinery if, 
althwigh It a>uld not be tried at. the ordinary Cbmmisaion of Aasize nor in 
the King a Bench, it waa within the King's legal power to iasue a Com- 
miasion to people to fay the person for the particular treason I 

Ut. SpiLiviif— I think, mj lord, that I will ahow your lordahip when 
the Comimmion came from that went into Wales, but, at all events, m 
have not yet come to a oaae; until after 26 Henry VIII. I think we ahsD 
notoome to a case. I aubmit that the common law Commiaaion would be 
a Ctomnusaion of oyer and terminer. When you find that they are not 
toable at the common law Commiaaion, not triaWe by the Court ot Queen'i 
Brach, and are tnable by a different body, I think you wiU find that thiit 
body la a statatojy body appointed arf Ao«, and I think I wia find the 
^A- o« S""" *i5i °*'® °""* ''»™ •»<» speaking of the atatute 
S'.T^/°i^^*?'7. ""•• "^P*^ *' 'I"" *•""«« •P«>i»I provision, 
made for the trial of treaaons m Wales, where the King'a writ rmmeth not. 

Mr. Jnan™ Brat— Hale was speaking of aomething which happened 
before Henry VIII. Where is the statutory authority for trying peapb, 
as you say, by OiMnmisaion ; where do you find ttiatt J b i—r 

Mr. SuLLrvijr— Hale admits that the Court of oommon Uw waa in- 
oapaUe of trying it. 
218 



Appeal Proceedings. 



0^<Zr.^!:^t%'^ — tun. ,e «^ th, Kin/iri^int 
•peowl ttatute. ^^ ^"muMionen to try ormuDal ouea under 

•tittate w<^ Z^C "^"^ '* '"» ttat I .Aed to «e wh.t the 

.. iiSHSs^ - -^""- — ^. 

The ATTOiwiir.(}B«uill^,"v* J"^""'" P'"* » particular cue. 

1«-^ ^"S"^X,'^er*°aeTL"II *^* °'"* " ^l^' "^ 
going to deal with Hate. aS fotfolp v ^f .^"^^ "»• but I am 
a»t the authoritie, Sw by^th aM h'.W '*."" ^"''^ *^ P»* '* 

I W cited 'the "tSS ttl^iZn'''^ *" ^^^ ,">"«' <*' ^-^ («'rf 
•mee oataide the reaJm"or Lm, o^ST*;, 'I.?'"''' »»* t-T «"" thrt 
tt«t I omitted oi,rr»«a^ W, ^,f!.*^*- ^'^."^ «^tie>. I find 
«K«rf to treawrn. ^T^.. ^"''^ ™- <>' Viner, page 180 mth 
■' tri«l by the"SU at^™ Sr^^'^At'^iS of the'rLS Soto's 
»ere writinR thev hurt » ifJT „rT' " ^l"* tmie theie teit-write™ 
«« defect of S^VtSio^ Uw* TZ" n- '*"*"**' ^^ T^^X 
2 Hemy V., ohapterTrhiS, f will „L" ^ ^f »*!«■'«'>" *» the «tatZ 
<««no«. of treaain by 'aota done^tdd^Utr *" f""^^" '^»* «™'*«d 
provided a tribunal to trr tW ^^^ ^® "*'"• "><* «» " did so it 
I » con«rvator and ^o^n-i:^:^^^:', '^''* ti^>h^i be Sed 
fried according to the prso^ n^mn^!„ f ■ rV '/"' ***? ''«« to be 
a« Kings of England. That^iS^I^tmmlV""' ^"^ ?" "^"^ "f 
S» there which i, the emc^f^M^^X"' " /<«» '-"^"hipe know. 
»iere the rtatut* olearWanrea W ^^ the atetute of Edward III., 
mttod entirely outade rf a" SL^„^^'!^ "■ "*P«=* "f "^ ooml 
^atutory juri^ction not dependenTur.^"™™''/,?^"""'^ ^'"'^ »ith 
*em according to a code Kw whi J^-/^T ** ?" " W>i=ted to by 
**on 26 Henry mi. lant^ ll ° * ^T •"'"'« ^"^ "» i"ri2 



Hi 






I 



Sir Roger Casement. 



■r. InUlnB 



1709, It pig* 7 — " It ihall be high traion to nitk or dean by wordt 
'* or vritinff, or to imagine^ inveDt, or attempt any bodily harm to b« 
" d<Hie totbe Bong, the Queen, oi uieir ixin apparent." Ilie 1 Heniy 
17. rettored the atatute of Edward III., the logn of Riohard II. having 
gone completely outeide the atatute both in interpretation or without inter- 
pratation, and by ttatutory oftenoea, but they were all within the realm, 
and that ia why I au not citing them on ihia brsnob of my argummt 
Here you have a repetition of treaaonable oSenoee. There ia compearing 
and puUiahing of tlw King that he ia a heretic, " detaining from the King 
" hia caatlea or holda or hie ehipa or munition of war. And to the intent 
" that all tnaaona ahould be the more dread, hated, and deteated to be 
"done by any peraon or peraona . . . be it therefore enacted that 
" no oftendera in any kinda of high treaaona whataoever they may be, their 
" aidera, conawitora, oouncillora, nor abettors, shall be admitted to have 
" the b^iefit or privilege of any manner of aanctuary . . . and that 
" if any of the Eing'a nibjeota, denizene, or other do commit or practice 
" out of the limit* of this realm in any outward parta any such oflenoea, 
" which by this Aot are made or heretofore have been made treason, that 
" then such treaaona whataoever they may be or wheresoever they ahall 
" happen to be done <»* committed shall be inquired of and presented by ihb 
" oatha of twelve good and lawful men upon good and probable evideooe 
" and witness, in such shire and county of this realm and before such 
" persons as it ahall please the King's Highness to appoint by Commiasioii 
" under his great seal, in like manner and form as treasons committed 
" within this realm have been used to be inquired of and presented ; sal 
" tiiat upon every indictment and presentment found and made of aif 
" auch treasons and certified into the King's Bench, like process and other 
" ciroumstance ahall be there had and made against the offender, as if tbe 
" sanw treasona so presented had been lawfully found to be done aad 
" oommitted within the hmita of this realm. And that all proceaa of out- 
" lawry hereafter to be made," and so on. I submit that that ia the 
foundation of the law of foreign treascms that are afterwarda to be found is 
the books, that statute and another statute which I will ctsne to later. 
There are two important matters to be noticed there — " That if any ot 
" tin King's subjects, deniiens, or other do commit or practice out of the 
" limits of this realm in any outward parta " 

BIr. JnsTiCB Dabuvo — Where are you reading from now! 

Mr. Smuyix — I am reading from the Parliamentary CoUection <i 
Statutes. 

The ArroBmr-GionnuL — I have it in my note as chapter 13, section 3. 

Mr. SuLUTAH — " lliat if any of the King's subjecta, denizens, or 
" other do commit or practice out of the limits of this realm in any outwaid 
" parts, any auch offences which by this Aot are made or heretofore have 
" been made treason, that then such treasona whatsoever they may be or 
" wheresoever they diall happen so to be done or committed shall he 
" inquired of and presented by the oaths of twelve good and lawful men 
" upon good and probaUe evidence and witness, in such shire and oouiiQ 
"of this realm and before auch perscms aa it shall please the King' 
" Highness to appoint by Commiasicn under his great sffll, in like maiiw 
" snd (oim as treaaona oommitted within this realm," and then there a 
2» 



Appeal Proceedings. 



Mr. 



mam ot prooedura and the ootUwry leotioa whioh I nMd not ninue. 

There you U™, u you had in 1414, legidation dearly applying Wond 

tte haort. of the «jUm «>d .. ««.» you find that iati^lLii^ou 

find a etatutory tnbunal with junadiotion to inquire into it 

• . ?ri ''""™ D^»u»o— Do you lay that there waa no tribiinal to inquire 
mto It before tbut •-H— 

Mr. SuLLiTiw—Not with ngud to oSenoea oommitted within the 
ttmtory of any fweign pnnoe. There were two tribunal, that could 
rnqmre mto it. 1 .haU have to develop that later on. The admiral 
oouW try aaything that waa committed on the high aeaa or below the 
teidge. of the great rivara. He had a civil Uw juriadiotion, and he could 
alwaya try treaaon, although being oivil law treaaon the reault waa not the 
jame a* at common kw. Then »ko the conitable and marahal oould try 
toeaacma committed outaide the realm, and he could try them within the 
mim a* long ae the appeal of treaaon remained and wager of battle Aa 
longM that remained there waa juriadiotimi in the oonatable and manhal 
to try appeals of treaeona of peraona within the leahn in reapeot of tna«>na 
oommitted outaide the realm. But, when I oome to read the next atatute, 
j'Sfl^S' S???°°° '*'' ''°** "<* ^"^ it. notwithatanding the ttatute 
of 26 Hemy VIU., and it require, another statute to give juriadiotion 
to^ common Uw Court to inquire into treaaona committed outoide the 

ru next atatute in order of date deala with the matter I waa speaking 
rf with regard to the admiral, but, a» iu JTfe King v. Lunch, there ^Z)n 
to have been oonaideraWe oonfuaion aa to the acope of this statute l\iia 
draw your lorddupa' attentimi to it, the Act 28 Henry VIII., chapter IB 
•Oe statute reoitea that, " Where traitors pirates, thieves, robbem and 
__ 8o forth, nany times escaped unpunished because the trial of their 
offences hath heretofore been ordered, judged, and determined before 
„ '?® ?a™»r«I or hi" lieutenant or oommiaaary after the oourae of the 
tkTi ■^ ~', ^. ^!^ lordship, that it is cirtabliahed by dear authority 
tnat the admiral had juriadiotion to inquire into anything that happened 
on a Bhip below the bridges and on the high «aa all over the world— ^e 
nature whereof is that whatever any judgment of death can be givMi 
„J*?™* ™® <«ender», either they must plainly oonfeas their ofFencea 
■< l[ ™?^ *u1 never do without torture or pains), or else their offence, 
be so plainly and directly proved by witness indifferent, euch as saw 
tjieu- offence, oommitted (which cannot be gotten but by dianoe at few 
tunes), becauae such offenders oommit their offences upon the sea and 
rt many times murdw and kill such persona being in the ship or boat 
■« I? ?l.v*K .""""t their offence, which Aould witness against them in 
<• ^u • ; 1*.°"' **"*"' ^"^ reformation whereof be it enacted by the 
_ auttoniy of thi. present ParUament that all treaaon., felonies, robbem 
__mnrdere, and oonfederaciea hereafter to be comnritted in or upon the (Wa 
m in any other haven, river, creek, or place where the admiral or 
admirals have or pretend to have power, authority, or jurisdiction, shall 
^^ be mquiPBd, tned, heard, determined, and judged in aoch shin, and 
^ place, m th« realm aa afaall be limited by the King's Commierion or 
U>mmission» to be directed for the same in like form and condition a* 
« any moh offmoe or offence, had been ootmnitted or done in or npoc 

sai 






; I I-' 



Sir Roger Casement. 



" tha land; and wioh GDnimiMion iball b» had undar the King's gnat 

•• nal direotwi to the admiral or admimU or to bit or their iwutenaiit 

deputy and deputiet, and to three or four euch other (ubitantial peraoni 

a* ihall be named or appointed by the Lord ChanoeUor of England for 

^ the tune being from time to time and aa oft >• need •hall require 

' to hear and determine auoh oSenoea after the ocsnmon ooune of the lavi 

•'erf thJe land uaed for treaMow, feloniee, robben, muidera, and oon- 

^^ federaoiee of the eame done and oommitted upon the land within the 

realm." lliat (tatute it mott important to bear in mind for two 

reatona. Tour lonlahi|)a again tee a Oommiaaion wa» iaauable under it 

to try, among other thiagt, treawni and treaaona oommitted within tht 

realm of England, one of them a reported oate cited by the bite Loid 

Ouef Juatioe cs heme a ooncluaiTe authority in The King v. Lynch The 

Eint T. Taughan, which I ihall have to deal with afterwardi. 

The ■tatut<n7 Oommiarion nipertedce the admiral in hit theretoforo 
unlimited juntdiction in trying eTerJrfhing that happwied on thipa on tht 
high aeaa or in eatuariet below the great Iwidget. The CommiMion atill 
goes to the admiral, but he hat ataooiated with him three or four tub 
Jtantial pertone, who, aa your lordthipt know, ate the judges who an in 
fact, common law judget, and they are to proceed according to the coum 
of the lawa of the land uaed for theae offencea when the tame were dow 
and oommitted upou the land, and th^ may be tried in any thire w 
county appointed by the CommiMion. If the King had power to appoint 
by tommittion OTorriding tbj law of venue that the offence ahould to 
taed in any county, I sjbmii you would not have had that proyition thm, 
n *S,^ ** y°" ^^* '"" *•* proviaiona, both in the year Ull 28 
Henry VIII., and what I nm coming to nert, 36 Henry VIII ' 

Mr. JctTioi Dabuho— Does that do more than change the procedure 

CTl'.r!.**^,' '•"" ™*** ■"'"'* **>« admiral by virtue of hit juriBdictioii 
had hitherto tried and would continue to try) 

Mr. SmxiTiK— The admiral no longer proceeda to try them u 
admiral. He now tries them-aa pretident of a Committion, oontUtini! o( 
hunaelf and three or four aubatantial penona nominated by the L»d 
tJianceUor — a new Court. 

^imiS-u'tTto t^"^"""'"' •"* '* "" ""^ the case, which tto 
Mr. SoLUVAir — It was. 
Mr. JusTiCT Dabuno— Then it was found that the admiral tried 



Mr. SuLUTAs— He tried them by civil law. 

Mr. Josmoi DiiiLniG— Yes, and then it was derided to atKiciate mtk 
lum people who knew tne common law, and they altogether tried thae 
oases by a different procedure. 

Mr. Sullivan — There being a new Court. 

Mr. Jdstioi Dabuuo— There was a jury provided. 

Mr. SuLuvAif— Tea, I am coming to that. 

Mr Jdbthm Dabloto— The admiral had not been aoeustomed to eim 
«ip, so thjy put a ooui*> of judges with him to help him, but it coly «*• 
*o procedure. * / e 



Appeal Proceedings. 



b» » junr to try the o«, jTl^ ik^I^- *? ?°"'« «" •*? there mat 

to (ummoii them. "» m« m to take plaoe, beoauw you Ut» 

Mr. SuLUTUf— CBTtainlT Tli.» :. _. . 
you get » triU Mooiding to immiM Uw .?^ ?' "' ««ument. Onoe 

llrrtprooeedonthelineeofSlooSSiw^'^' ""ftory tribu»J 
•od tte rtatuto provide. thut'mT^nl^: ^ T" ?"^ """» « ^enu* 
wr.ttrong authority, that WithoS^M„» . "7^' ' '"•'^t *l>i« » • 
l»»m crime, h«l '^ juri«^ti^u S^' JZ,'* f^'* '^*»' *^ ""^o" 
gooeed «»ording to oobS^w? " rmuHlf^'^i r""*" J*" "* to 
the true wnne wae one from whkb^^u^ •t»t"t<»7 venue When 
»m labouring the point otwo^TlS^^^ '"'* "™°««' the jury. I 
" Uu. aa d.owing'^at wiCH^^tSHr*" »* *»;'' » "^ «"«*« 
go on, aad could not try anythiuBTat !^I i? ^* «>=>mon Uw could not 
" why I am, perhape at \Z^^i ""**'.*• .«"«8ed to be an offence That 

^on law to get on wiSTut" ^^r*^ T /P™ ,*? '■»•>'% of the 
tttenbon to the provirione of 26 Hrn^ VIII ^"f" J"*" "o-^ip*' 
artted out«de the realm t«,a«,n wuT^o^ i,„ J^* "^ «<"• "«'- 
™* "^e" committed within the reeto u, ^"* ^° *«»«»» « they 
than, and I have read the IS; ^ r'"*" P^.""**^ f<>^ the tri^of 
Apparently they were amin in HmS» u ^*''"'» with the trial of them 
2* 26 He4 T^II.,Tnd^4-Vn^ tte^C?""™ ""-^ «^ '^ 
tt* S"™"™ "^ juriadiotion y*" *^'7 ^^ to pa., » rtatute giving 

-hat y;u^?r,^r-^5:f3r^y»^^you for. moment. ,. 
^an act which if done with^^e „aL^r?L^^"' "^^ 1»- thi., 
tw-on If done outride the realmt * *'**"''• "" 'l«>'«"d to b^ 

Mr. Smuviif—xt wa«. 

-ia pr;«JS"ton'rtoll1^ZM'1-"''* "«'"'y « '»' dealing 
, Mr. SnujTAK—Te, It 3!rj*r.v^"f"P'"'' <>' treaaon. ^ 

s^,FH^^^:4t^-T^ti^----^^^ 

Mr. SoLUT«_Te,, my lorf. 

njte adhering within the r^b^' tv' ^f ^^"^ "I- only 
»»*»^ the realm. ^ *™**°°' '^ ™»de trea«m adhering 

■"k.dii.^^S^^rt^U^rU'-l- Ihavenotove. 
™". "*»tIampointmgoutat«hemoment 



* I 

Ml 



^ff 



^ Roger Casement. 

U thitt th* aUinto ot U Etarj Till., wUoh I inlimit tor tht flnt tinw, 
•xtandcd this Uw to (eto done oaopletdy outiid* the loUm in th* toriton 
ol another prince, wm oooMioiu of the tMt that it eould not atop thece, 
and had to provide for thi* new departure bj the oonatitutioa of a new 
tribunal with a itatutorjr Temie, to be appointed bj the King's Commiiaon : 
and I UM that m an argument that the oommon Uw, even at that date, 
could not have prooeeded, and thev had to provide a etatutory tribunal to 
deal with what had beoome dearly an oOeooe, but an offence whioh re- 
quired a sUtutory tribunal to try it, the common law being powerleM {or 
want of a venue. 

Mr. Jnenoi Biut— Is thie rig^t, that the iUtute provided, fint (rf all, 
that certain aoti which were not treaion* should be treuonsl 

Mr. ScLLiVAic— That, I submit, is the construction of the statute. 
Mr. Juancn Brat — It did not deal with the treason of adhering to 
the Kind's enemies in that part of the statute at all, and then by a later 
section It dealt with the mode of trial to those treasons and all other 
treasons. Is not that rigfatt 

Mr. SoLuvur — No. TCll your lorddiip turn to the ssctioni 
Mr. Josnoi B»iT— " Be it enacted that if aay of the King's subjeoti, 
denisens, or other do oommit or praotioe out of the limits of this realm 
m any outward parts, any such offaxMS whioh by this Act are made 

or heretofore have been made treason " 

Mr. ScLLnriN — ^llat is omnibus. 

Mr. JtisnoE &Lt.-r—" That then snob treasons,' whatsoever they be or 
whereaoever they shall happen eo to be done or committed, shall h 
mmured " into by a jury. 

Mr. ScLLivw— Tea, it created foreign treasons, and then inaamuok 
as you could not proceed, the procedure shall be according to the ou«t<m 
of the law in the realm, and the Uw of the realm could not inform itiell 
without a venue, and then it provides a statutory tribunal with a eUtutoij 
venue for the purpose* of summoning the jurors and proceeding aooordiiu 
to oommon law. By 36 Henry Vlfl. doubts seems to havTMieen astt 
whether that procedure section was suffident. 

TT ^^^Ji""™ B»AT— This statute did assume that befwe the Act 26 
Henry Till, there were treasons committed out of the limits of the reelin 
which might be tried. 

Mr. Sdujvaif — ^I submit not. 
« ^^' .'"""" B»4T— " Do commit or practice out of the limits of thu 
_^ reahn m any outward parts any such offences whioh by this Aot en 
made or heretofore have been made treason." Therefore it dearij 
imphed that there were treasons committed out of the realm which nee 
offences before the Ac*, and then it made them triable in a certain way. 

Mr. Smuvis— I submit the oonetruotion of fie statute is somewhat 
d^erent. I submit what it enacte is this. It uses the word " offence*" 
when it deariy shows that the offence*, as they call them, namely, the lOt, 
which yojir lordship see* are of a peculiar character, for instance, pub- 
hAing of the Kmg that he is heretio, and raatten of tiat kind— ttot 
these aota, or, as ihey call them, oBmoes, if done out of the leahn «ie 
t» have srane quality of crime, as if they were done within the reitai 
snd, Bgain, die word " offence* " being appEed simply mean* acta lAiA 



Appeal Proceedings. 



enmmtl nature of tha m^l -kTm ' exMOBon to the inquirr into the 

th»t wme one mar inquire into th»mJ-ul tZT^ . '' »'"' "^ "^w 
cannot inquire intJ tiSm tWuJeTlS!,.?^''?.."" '"»» *^ ™ini»r 
thare are no twelvel^ ^^^^ ? Ayi»«A«n the matter aritea where 

•c«>rding]y thr..Itute"t.S?^tt.» *" *^ ■*•""* *» mqSe^d 
renue tU oouM not havl^'I^'^'" '"""', *^'"^' ""KT. 
Prooe^are whereby in tlw new^m.i °"'""''? "»»• "id then proridea 
otfenoe.. If they were^ofr.^^ * *"f' "^r be had of & new 

there would have b»I^^rt;,!?*:S:' ""^ '^? "f^"' » ""^T 
tribunal. I «b^ ttorTnoCh 'S'?'"* "P ">» P««>Ii«r and awlnr^ 
which the law i. ta„Srbk of onZt,^* '"'■*"' *» tb* !«» « a crime 
5« i. a Criminal .^''^^^^^^T •e^in^rrc^.l" 

out of the King'. MaC/. .^ST^ fc ^t"W, or comiutted 
dominion. camiSt nor my iT^ ' ^^J"*,""* "^^'^ Hi. Grec.'. 
inquired of, heart, and deteLto^ ^^?'' It^ ^?' ""» "<^ be 
^England." Your lordSiip,3^t T '^ J^' ^' "'<" «••» of 
Hem7ym.wa.notthrSon^w itii!.'*!'^'^'^ ^^^'"^ "nder 26 
a plain remedy, order, ^Zu^f,™ Tt! •''*"«?^ tribunal. •' For 
rt enacted by authori y^f ^l^"^^'^"" *^ to be had and made, be 
^^nce. being already^i or d«T.L •^''r''*J*"* ^ '"""'e; of 
dedared, by any of AeT-. fL ? ? ■ ** bereafter to be made or 
>i.pridon.^oft.^a:^„ror'c:nc:ati:^tl"oX:l^ ««to. to be ^^^Z^, 
. f ""miitted, or hereaft^^^rr^Sl n^^;i'"* ^T' P«P«t"ted, 
any pereon or peraon. out of tin" .^' WY^^'u"?.^ committed by 
forth mquired of, heard Md d^JZilj ^Bland ahall be from hence- 
;b« bench for ple^. to^"h"den^3^±^?™ ^''^ ?"^' J"'"** <" 
„ of the same diire where the «id S JhT v^ f^^ .""l '""f"' ««» 
, '»f?™ such CbmmiMiona, and in^^i, t^ */°? ** ■'^P*. " el«e be 
aeeigned by the King-^^i'tv-.V ■*'" "' *^» "^ a« "ball be 

„ P«e» a. if ,uch trea«>ne, miS,™ rf /°^*" »" »««''*• "d pur- 
„trea.on8 had been done, p^^^^ .^J"^"^- °' ooncealmentTof 
„*b.re whereof they ehall bTrfno^'S'* TT'**^. ''*'■> t^e «une 

'or the flrat time. ^^ "^ """^ ""> and come, in, I «ubmit 

^e» offeno;., nrthe kd~ rf !1-!^ '""• Ccmmi«ion, for the tZ 
■"-^on. for the trial of fS^L^tnTt^in:"^"^""' "»* ^- 



n 



:i.:ji 






Sir Roger Casement. 

Mr. BmufAM—Of thi* time thtrt hM bMo, od both Mm, madx t 
•uroh nwda that it in trutb you could Bad antorior to tho data «l tlM 
■tottttaa I han nMotioiied luoh Chmmiialoiia ianiiag tbtj would Iwt* ban 
prodooMl. Raoorda mueh antarior to that arapradooad ban, and at the 
trial bdow wan dabatad and touohad open, mian 70U oansot And tbaae 
OommiMiooa, and if jrou do find that wbara iuoh Oominiaaiona at* iaauad 
thay ara iaauad nodar atatuU in arory caaa, a* f ar aa I know— I apaak, of 
oouria, aubjaot to oomotioD— that, I aubmit, ia a toit atrang argumaat that 
It rtquirad atatutofy anthoritr. 

Mr. JvmBB DiBLoro— When do too Ifaid a Cbmmiaiion which wu 
iMuad bgr atatutoiy authorityt Which ia tha flrat of thami 
Mr. SiTLLiTA*— I cannot tell jrou. 

Hr. Ji ina OiBuro— When tou find what Bale, Coke, and Hawkini 
thought \boat thia matter it n»Uj will not do to aay, " Find the par- 
" tioular Oommiaaion ; And the document." It wiU not do. The War 
of the Rcaaa Uxik place in England, and thia aUtuto of Heoir Till, wu 
paaaad when England waa only juat aetUing down from a long period ol 
deraatatiiu; mtII war. 

Mr. Sdlut.iv— I will hare to deal with the authoritj of Cbke and 
Hale, and I hope to diow your lordahip that Cbke ia an authority whiob 
from the eariieat timea haa been open to comment, etpeoiBlly Lord Coke'i 
Twwa on the lawa ^ traaaon. 

Mr. Juanoi Oabloo— Tou rely on the naaaage in Btephena' Com- 
KMntajiea, do you, when ha deprecatee Lord Ooket 

Mr. Sdllit.i>— It goea awiy behind Stef^ena— Pulton and Keeling ii 
ttie early part of the eighteenth century are not lea eevere than Stepheni. 
Tou find Stephena, and you find all the hiatoriana rather depreoatii; 
pc*e, and auggeating that he eteroiaea do judgment' of hie own with reaped 
to theae mattera. 

Mr. Juanoi DiBLoni— Did Lord Coke wily go wrong about ^0 1« 
of treaaon^ or are hia oOier conduaiota wiongt 

Mr. SuLUTAw-aoine of tbam. It ia aa impoaaible for a man to h 
alwaya wrong aa it ia for him to be alwayi right. 

M.. JnancB Dmuso— Many judgaa haTe aaoertained that for thaa- 
aalraa. 

Mr. Snuiraif—Oake ia referred to aa tlie foundation of thia, and whv 
I come to deal with him I will point it out. We have iuTeatigated tk 
snUioritiea dted by Ooke for the pnqxiaition he advancea, and it certainly 
la peculiar that they have nothing to aay to the caae, and certainly iuatiff 
tae obeervation made both in Stephena, EeeUng, and Pulton, and othn 
uiat Lord Ooke waa rather fond of citing a caae aa bting a preoednt 
and authority that had nothing whatever to aay for the propoaition Im 
TOoh ha citea it. lliat is certeinly true of hia paaaagea on treaaon, aid 
IwiH deal with hia autboritiea, and ahow that he otea a number of authori- 
tiea_ aa juati^ring hia text that have no rdation whatever even to tke 
•ubjeot-matter of the text. 

Mr. Jmrns ATznr— la thia the argumeot ao far, that the Act of J< 
Heory Vin. had made a foreign trea«» for the firat time, and had not 
provided a aatiafactory meaoa of dealing with it except by a apecial Cbiii- 
niMi onl 



Appeal Proceeding!. 



mittjr in crunuuj prooMtow. '^ ^ ''** ^"^ '" t"! • oruoW 



^t .nd b. kept, or fi»t}^^l^T^^ ^•'» the bench ehJl 
" tj; the King'; b™mS.iM i^tt^ S^^T" " "^ >» -igaed 
bf Coinnii5^..„d 1^ mod .n?7.-M^' rJive the power to i^ 

fm«i.«r «id form to S f^u f Jf "'1^ •' the «»ne dure in X 

pHrrted, and committed within tS ..» *"V"» ™ b^n done, per- 
"mqtiind of, I»^^^!zSr! "°'.* •""" '^ere they .hjl bTw 
mattori. oonflrSTbyTlt^'Ts'A'B V'"!?^^" "^^ V^ 

--^.'^^'■^^^^^^Z'^i^. and 

Mr. Sc^^^;;t >" 'i.P"r^' *» «otion 6. 
•oti™. « not^^ "*^ ' *" «»''»» to- The e«ii« 

Jf>~«« wiihin th/>^, rn?^«^;' * •'^S^'vf'P!^ the Ki„ 
„ i!?™"!*. be it «>aoted that if anv rf Z iri„». '* P«x««ia, '• And! 
, otter do commit or prao«»"-Z'Zt l!^« * """J"*"' *°^™. « 



^"li 






Sir Roger Caiement. 



MuMliar in foNt bsf* ton mid* tnuou, that thm mieh tnHoo*, 

^trntenm- thw IU7 or whtrcnavw tbqr iluU hapoM to to b* doot or 

coomittod, duOl U inquirMl ud pNMntod bjr tb* oatU of twdv* good 

aod Uwful mn upon good and probabb oridMioa wd witoMi {a mtek 

Am and oooa^ of tU« iMlm, and b*<or* auoh ptiMu u it ihall dImm 

Um King, hia aaid bairi or a u cciwnra, to appoint bj Commiiaioa undw 

.. T? ''**' aaal in lika mannar and form »» traaaona oommittad within 

^^ thla raalm ban baao uiad to ba inquirad of and praaantad; and that 

upoo tntj Indictaiant and praaantnxnt foundao and mada o( any luoli 

" traaaona and oartiflad into tU King'a Baoeh Ilka prooaaa and otitar cir 

"oumatanoaihaU be than mada." Again 70U gH baok to tha OommiMioi, 

going out rathar than to tha Court o( King'a Banch. But it ia in term 

praotlcaUy the aauM aa it Haniy VIH., and it eztanda to new treaaou, 

and/or theretofore deolared treaaona out of the realm. 

Mr. Joanoi Atur— I auggeat that the procedure in 36 Henry VIII 
and m thia aeotion ia procedure for getting the preeentmnt rather thu 
for getting a trial. It proridea that they ahall be preeeoted, and then 
» diaJl be certified to the King'a Bench. 

Mr. Sdlutik— Tea, and then by B A 6 Edward Tl. you would pro 
oaed under SB Henry VIII. It waa the abaence of procedure in J6 Henrt 
VIII. probably that neceaaiUted the paaaing of 38 Henry VIII. Th»t 
''t 'PP*" «o •»• *!»• itumbling-bloek aa to procedure between the two 
aactiooa. Tlien, my lorda, the Act of Mary I. awept away all etatutorT 
toeMona, and reatored Edward III., and I Jk 3 Philip and Maiy, chapter 10, 
dealt, among other thinga, with the caie of minora, whiti I need not 
trouble about, and it prorided that all triala of tr«aaona ahall be aooordin; 
to the courae of the common law. In the atatutea again and again you 
come a<Toee the two mattora of oompaaaing death and levying war withii 
tte realm. The exception I prerioudy cited to your lordahipe ii 13 
Uiarlea II., chapter 1, where, apparently, having dealt with oompaanuii 
It proridee aa high treaaon the levying of war within or without tl» 
leatoi. Except for that atatute, although the levying of war it dc>k 
with in three other atatutea, it ia alwayi within the realm, and 13 Chirta 
II., chapter 1, ie notable aa having extended the office of levying war to 
without the realm. When you come to the Williamite atatutee they ih) 
neoeiaarily deal with war outside the realm, but they deal with it in 1 
aomowhat different manner. 9 William III., chapter 1, dealt with offencei 
which are probably oHencea to be committed abroad, becauie it ia an ofleoM 
to go into France without a licence or to return from France without > 
licence, and to aerre the Pretender in Fl»noe, and the atatutoty proviii(.:i 
■a that the offence ma^ be triable in any oounty^-again the prooed jre whieh 
le alwaya the conoooutant of the statute which puiporta to create a crime 
outMde the body of the county, " And be it further enacted that where «■' 
^ rf the offencea againat thu Act ahall be ccanmitted out of thia reato 
^^ the lame may be alleged and laid, inquired of, and tried in any county 
of thia realm." That enable* you to allege a fiotitioui venue with 
regard to the crimee. As I have pointed out, up to the preaent the venue 
IB never a fictitious venue, it is always a stotutory venue to be fixed by 
the King'e Commiseion ; but here the words are, " The same may be 
alleged and laid, inquired of, and tried in any county of thia realm." 



Appeal Proceedings. 

•dTlo. or InWUgwic.. "'*'""• *° «««»P«id mth tU cMmy or to giv. 
^^^J»«w, D«u»o-Did th. *.t«t. 0* » Wmi«a HI. „^ ^ 

Mr. SoLUTAK— I wibmit it did. 
«y ^^7™* D-U-o-N-r t«.«„.. ..„, ^d thv W.ould b. tri«I i. 

Mr. Soturur— Ye., 107 loni. 

9«-ti<»f'h.T, boon \^3^. ^- „ ^^ » ""ck ". ~«»d«S. «Ml 

><i d«>Ur.tion therein to b. htj^d m^d^ L'^f° "^y- '"*'• 

nUMk or deokrad br in« nf rtl 1^^ . «ol«red, or hnufter to b* 

; or ele, before "S.^^'^^" *^? '"i»-?!* •h*" "t .Td hTk^ 

be awwinted by the W, M?Ci"/??!? Aire of th. i«dm ., ^ 

"•oewty of th.t rtetutol * ^^^ * O»niiiui«on." Whet «» the 

to be fl»d by thT^r^i^n^^tJ^*":^''":^**"?, or dee in . y::2 
Mr. JDinoi D«iZ^!; IiT^.J^? •<*"'•' Coinini,«on. 
Mr. Sc2^!k3?^''°Vi^? "»«'»<« ?e->ch were ritting. 

5«a« Middle««--^'^XiuJ^~.^fT°'^"'?8***" *^» ProbftWy 
'oUowed the 80™^ ^ ^ *"?*• ^' King', Bench 1m^ ,Jgo 

^MTic A. T. Uw»«c»-C<«jd you put it in „y c™„ty! 



lil 



Si! 






Sir Roger Casement. 

Mr. SniUTAB— You could put it in any county, and try it at common 
law, dleging vhat might be caUed a fiotitioua ronue. 

Mr. JDRiai Dabuko— That ii praotJoaUy all it doea ii it nott It 
•aya you might have tried them, beoauw thi» atatute 36 Henry VIII 
^>I^ to treaaona to be created, and therefore it would apply to tieaaoni 
created in the ragn of WiUiam III. "ww". 

Ur. Sdlutaii— Tea, my lord. 

Mr. JcBiiOB DinuBO— If it had not been for that atatute they would 
have been tned m the King". Bench aitting in Middleaex, or whererer the 
King mig^t happen to be with hia judgea. 

Mr. SoLurAB— Tea, my hnd. 

Ifr. Jinnni Duanro— That atatute aaya ibef may be tried in an; 

Mr. SDiiiT«— Tea, I agree, 36 Heniy VIII. would have enabled them 
il.- ? ^K *^ «'«^er where the King". Bench waa, or any apeoiJ 
venue filed by the apeoi^ OommMaiMi. But at oommrai law thay would 
onty have been tried m Middleaex. What I am pointing out ie that bj 
1 Marj aU tnali of treaaona ware to be at oommon law, and then when 
joa come to the aubaequent kgialation for the purpoae of complying witl 
ttoi commtm Uw, if yon are gmng outade Middkaer, where tbeKim-'i 
Hen^ aat, you need » etatutoiy pronaion that you may aUege the^m 
aa brag m the place where you are toying him under the common law, 
otiWTiriae you cannot try him undM- the ocanmon law. 

.I-*™?* ^ "*''*r ""•"*• ,' ™* ™nt«oninB that aoldiera were under . 
diflmwit code. Apparently the fint atotuto with regard to addiera ia tie 
atatute of Anne, with the two different diaptera, making it high treaaon 
for a aoUier on hind out of EngUnd or upon the aea to corned with 
the enemy^ enter into rdationa with him, aa it waa extended byS and « 
irI^^.^*v''!?J?"*^"' wa. to be aa if committed in a iounfy to 
boaaaignedbytheOommiaaionthattrieait. Thoae were to be Oommiiion 
tnala. That u m the caae of acddiera. In 3 A 4 Anne there it • 
eimilar pronaion that it la tnaUe in any county. 7 Anne chapter », 
lain^rtent beoa«ae one of the caeee oited ia a oaee of wldiem. It ii 
SMtom 48. I thuds but agam I am citing from the ooUection of Qoea 
Ame atatutea, and the;y do not print the numbera of the aectiona. "M 
'• ^!!°!2rn" ^^ "* *"y effectual proviaion made fw the goveni- 

" ^L? j"L"?fS' '"^ '»"" °"* °' *» '*»1'°» »' Great Britu 
_ and Ireland, boit further enacted and dedared that if any officer or soldier 
.. " ae' M»jertr8 »nny ahall either upon land out of Great Britain « 
upm ae aea hold correapondence with any rebel or enemy of Sa 
^ Majeaty, or give them advice or inteUigence either by letter*, messaM, 
^^ aigna, ^ token, or any manner of way whataoever, or ahall treat witl 
„ „ if°™» f «?«">'"■ or enter into any condition with them without 
" °?',"»l«'y» I'oenM or licence of the general, Ueutonant-general, or 

••^f T^T!?r'v?*° r*''' •™'' P®"™ «» offending ahall be deenwi 
" ™ S?J"°8w? to be guilty of high treaaon, and auffer auoh pain, and 
penaltjea a. in the case of high treason." Th«e we get intoTroecial 
^ ^ «'J'^"^ "* '™°' «^ ">*» the Army Act which commenced 
iTm^*! ' *"'• "^ '^ ppoviaion for iigh treaaon triable at 

tonmoa law, pnaimably under 1 Mary by a oombinaticm of tke two 



Appeal Proceedings. 



. . ^ . , Mr. lanina 

^te« with ngarf to Kidier.. Then 7 Anne, ohapt«r 21 DroTidat 

^MiU^for the tmd of Scot-nen for trewon, and th^ ^. ti STtavS 

,> good and Uwful men of the «m. rime in like im^<no Jl int^ta 

»nd p™po«» .. If .uoh t«a.on had been done ^^^t^ faAe 

I^ .. praotioaUy the ume power to lay the venue a, in the g^M^ot 

queajlJ-nt'""" ®"''~°° *^'* ^**'" "*'*"'«• *'>«" «? "gJ't on the 

to the* fa^^ta^' ««?Pt to thi. ertent, that even when you get 
cL^n i. th^^ ' .P"'»"y '">"» too great oaution, but rtiU Se 

M bLit ^™ tw T Pfovimon dealing with an ouUiA, crime 

eiehtoe^ 3^ I "" f^'^S ** impre«)-when ym. get into the 
•^u«rf the a^mua^ion of tte rtatutee. notwithBtandin?all ftat h^ 
gone before. That quert^ion of the venue aurvivine «> lata ^ I^hmrt 

m™ 1 j^ ""** *•*«" " » ""n"* to try a foreiim offeno^ 

text.S^'"^i°±'j?S?'^*" '^ "*^ a.e^thoritief^"^:^t»«, of 
otTaSTmhi^ It ^* ?»* «"«" " we have been able to find bearinir 
^^^^0 and mo"'''!*^.?^ I ri»uld ton your lordship, that Sf 
TS-.^^Tii' 1 ^1 I?' ** *" e»«>t». aubiequent to the paninir of the 

"^ "II- «fd thwe extenaion atatute., have been rep2aled7 
^^Mr. Ju«™. A. T. UWM«»-Repealed by the Statntetaw B.vi.ioo 

^ t^'^^^^^roftaS * " ^'"-' ^- - "P-'^-^ 

you i^'aJ^t*- "^^ ^'™-«»-'n'«* " ^ method of «peal to which 

hU Mle^St^i the third la levyuig war againat the King. lliat ia 
au We "toteimnt of it. I mbmit tiiat, except under tt^ atatato 5 

'»g wax againat lie Kmg wa. limited by the .Utute ol Edward IH. 

Stl 



; I 



Sir Roger Casement. 

Mr. MUna 

H ij'SSI s" *fS'°!t^ ?',"» r^f^ '^ "*•»• B"t I*«J 0>k» ttate. 
n at iwge 3, The third u levyioir war aesiiMt tho Kiiuw " ■withZTV^ 

" ^i™ \L jJ' •»">*> levy war agaiiut our Lord the Kimr m hit 

^S S- jr^^' r^ttS^rrt^t"^.^-^' 
Mr.- &j?i:r^«* ''"*•"'* *^ '»"" " - "» «*^-" 

SJ: ^^^D^n^^-^X*^" Th'^". Institute before y,™, 
£■ l,^*^r^"P^ " "*** *1» reproduction? 

&th^s;,"o£5^*'A^*"^^A^^^ 
^J^"?^tSES3t?[??Hr^^-r 

Inrtitute, pri^ "' iteU J .L rt^ P^* *>"* " *""* *n the ITiW 
bit in inverted »t^"in^tt."r<S itur*" *"* •^*"'* "* "^ 
original: nS foS7L''?h«1 *!:if Jl^ " '""^ -"™" - *' 
thf^ pints irpi ^Lrin'T^MM^.' '""^ " '» ^^ 

Mr' Jd^'^'~" '•4*?'i<'i»d in the edition I ,» reading fhm. 

^; te^^"^' i. the date of yo» edition. ^ '^' 



Appeal Proceedings. 



Jfc. Jomca Aijw—The fourth edition it 1669. 

i. the m2nii,ror^ tS^^^ '^ " °"'"'- " '* ^°«' *^»*' **" 
^Mn Jrimo, DABUw^What beoome. of the m,^, " Second thought. 

Adjourned for a abort ten». 



'an 



"rco1^^;7Y^J^!^'^..'^i<--'^ I.waanointing out that 

Ooke first of all fails 



_, .:• — — ••-" "u«ju uic voun aajoumed I wa 

to^lT^h'^tllS'CSrl??''^' '«-.«'''« ^'o' aU fail, 
limitation "wi«/.ISr^.„*J,t:.l?-X'~|?„^,^t^ 



"w^" S ^f""* *" them aid and oon.fort in the realm or eC 

htr^t to^'-thtXdi^s'i^^ '^*™'.*'" """"'"K of "»« «*«^t: 

■natter of ^ ™l, lT„?^^* v "P^l *« "***"** *t«» '<>''<"" " a 
atinTtheiiS^^Sr f^ """^ "i'™ ^^ aPI»»»% approved by 

*S L firST' '""l*™?' '"* for any ™ter to comment on a oUum 
toTX/"* "^""^ " * "^"Berona preceding, which i, apt to 1^ 

page" an5T~;:?h* ' *"" •^*^- «* "'"'*«' «■» 'ho[e .tatute on 
^ii'^,S^'^^t iALTr"T '"''r ?"»* '" •>» P»T»rta to deal 
the f^a^Z'nf JLt 1 ~™f?°tf7 ™d*>- this c!a««, rtichhas become 
•■ 1-. C; t^Ui^Lr'L?, ' ■™'^.* " «f P'a» error of the writer. " Thi, 
"wi^^„M™' ^1° ?"°K .ai<ie and comfort to the King', enemte, 
intlan the realm or without ; delivery or wureoder of the Kifg-. caSe. 



I t 



i 



■r. Mlhnu 



Sir Roger Casement. 



" or torto bj tite King-, oaptaine thanof to the Eimr'i enemi. within ♦!- 
"oomequaiay tnuon deoland by thi* Aot-'^^ThciT^SfS,!!^^'". 



Tou oould not hara an appeil 



Mmad before the oonataUe and manh^ 
tor a onme ualeia it waa a crime. 

Mr S^"Jli_L^::!™^^T "?™<»t U that it i. not a chn«, 
-ki^L ^ ^ ? •'Kimient u that it i« not a orime in the mtuein 

«fe« ^^t''^'" > V'™'''' '* » °°* • "atterTthfohlhe^uS 

^^; ^H^'Ar*""*' ** •*"*"*• "f*™ to f» adnuniitnrti(« rf S 
Jting^j Court, of the common Uw within the i«alm '~™'"™™"™ " ™ 

Mr. Jomoa Atdk— If you ooaU have an appeal before the m^„M 

»» ^'fi^^. DiMJore-Take the veiy oaw you are arguins now (b 

^,,. „» • "."IS "" *^«^' •»* he could have been Uwftm^^ h 
Tutue of » epeoial Conimi«ion imed by the tVown» ' ' 

be an o««!rf" ^^»™o-5V •«»*«*» o' Edward III. «y, that it n»T 

" r^L^e^C^-'^Sr*^ 'iSr' '^*' *^» «abn^'^tiL7 

•u^i^ tb^Z:, .?t •V<«<»'<Je. The rtatute ny. there may b 

u o ' ^^ °fy "* *** traawoe, how oould ther have been 4ri«il 

of thf.ta'tSn.4elL'"''™^^°" "^ «"" -"^ "•^•->" «"• 
- 1 "bnat"^;;^^;. ' Si«J ^ttar deal at once with the oon.tn.c*i« 
««! i'^i'nSlXlSSIixe ^r*"^ "ieata firet of aU with levying w„, 
the ^iS.*- ■"• ^'»"«»-I* Win. by compearing or im.gim>« 

Mr. Bdluvah— Tee. 
^r. Jumc A. T. Uw»»„»_It doea not limit that to within tb 

^ ^"^'"t'on of treewn theretofore made by the^ommon law 0«rt, 



Appeal Proceedings. 



Mn lalttna 



•0 that nun within the Kins', !>««« may know what aoU are ti«a«» 
«rf what ^ not llat wmufTlinaW in the i^r? ^^<TZ 
nonung It would be linUtod to the Cburti that oouM tahe^giLnoS 
?-!S^*^" '^ ««'»*it»to e»i«l«>oe of comparing, tot into™ it 
tng-i domnuOT. extended far outtide the reato; and wi^^««udT 
^ IvS^ ^^.if'' ^, ^ oompa«ng both in Scotland, Ireland?waea, 
and rtance and other of the King** dominiona 
n„jA!\il""^, DABifflti-Yflj. say the King', domini<m. extended far 

V^^^.'^A •^•~- ^^ ~'"'«" '"'^ ultimately became the 
Jmted Stotei of America withiu the realm or withoutt 
Mr. SVLLTTAS — ^They were without 

witt.o"rti:3m°'""™^''"' ^p*™ ™ "" »' «■«"• "^'t ™ 

Mr. ScLLnrAv— Outude the realm. 

Mr. JmnoB DABmro— There wai no doubt about that 

doubt ■ T^f^K^" "t 1.**.*° ??™ *** "^y propcrition i. without 
n^ of rti^.?^ ^ not dealt with it. But I submit they were not 
SSIL^ »%• l?^; Th^ were part of the King', doi^ion,, and 
when y«u read the Matute,, «• far a, the rtatute of EMward III. g^ I 

I^^^fc f 1*^ """"P** ■" *° "'''* ■«*' »" committed within the 
realm and what act, are committed outside the realm 

rtatute which many people have conudered before any of ua here preMnt 
Have you got Arotbtid among your otiier bookal "^ 

Mr. SuLLiTAM— Tea, my lord. 
*!,.. • ("T" P^"-™*— " you turn to page 1033 you will we thia and 
S^J^^.' V^77^ '''"» New H«ip.H« wa^' In imTe Uw 
"toM^'^°lM*3 «'?.^«1*^'™™, S.G.) had been informed ttrt 
" of N.. n \"? ■*"?* •"?■• *"»*»' '"»'' '»«'' V«^ in the prorince 

" inijff • !•' f '*J"' wnoeiTed there wa. no law of that prorince 

" Ir^^ ""'?*' '"'' *' *"»• ""> Punidiment of that offer, They 

" w!Sf !!: '" ''^^ .manner it wa, propw to proceed againat jo, for 

hi^ toea»n committed in New Hun^ire.*^ They%^ ^ JZ 

' • «„^^ ^ °*'"" •*.'^8'' *™^'' '" »»y "'Hi. MajertyTplanta- 

■ • &1™1„W ^•TL°'o*y™-^P"^*«' " «« Superior OoSt of New 

■• ' wWh^S^r/"^** '^ ^ ^'B"" "'• '"«' th» fuu'^nal juririioti«i 

within that gOTemment which Hi, Majeety', Court of KiSg'. BenS 

ex«n)iae« hwe), or m thi, country in the atatute, of 36 Hemy Vlll 

— the oooaoon may require.' " "»"•/ t»i.., 

•entod to Uie Court, that New Hampahire waa outride the realm t 
N«wB;™ !?""■• ''^■'^f^Yea, but what become, of your argumentt 

T^,' "^-^'^ *"* 7" "fterwarfe, aay that for treaaon committedth^ 
ta^^' ^*f i"" •"? P"»«>ute him here, becau« he ha. commHW tito 
<n»«on outaide the realm, he ha, committed it elaewhere. "'™"™" "* 



'm 



l! 



ifiii 



W - * ,• 
S : 



Sir Roger Casement. 

Mr. SoLLiTi»-Te., undar 36 Heniy VIII. 
*: tei^Sr^'^'i',"^ it tr««« in New H».pAi,„ 
.wa/^it^"^ mI^''"' "~^'« *» yo". t»» •*«* of th.t w.. dc« 
Mr. Sdiut^w-No, 1 Mary I did not oun in term* to tout lonUhin. 

fc sS^^^T"?"' i* "tin leav.. it t«.«n if committed »bn,.d 
•ot i. to !rSS^ rit':;??' '^^ '■ *^« "^"e of th. rtatute^. 

mitted. ^ *" treasonaWe acta wherever they were com- 

b«rth"'-^S^ ^TTi'^ltnT '°"'*'*"!l'^* your anawer i. t» my 
«.ch a th.^roomi^t^^' Sn" »,TSl' ^r"""" '^^ ^^^^ '' 
Mr. SoLuviB— That ia perfectly true. 

Mr-. fc^XTtlrr '* "^^ •* ^^^ » ^•'■■<'- 

i. «<gi jr«.t^;:jrnre^^orti:tr^* «» '■>- •>' *— 

•dhering ia limited by the etotuteto tlv^ "'7'tere but that treason ot 
it i. trifble ao long Z^n^tett k f^f ^r*" "^^^^^^ ««1», «»i 
mind eiiating in the indiWdLl^ a^ t J ^ f^^°t' T'"'* i» the state of 
the atatute waa th^t you S t ^ t^^^ "' *''« i'?ri«ii<>ti<»> given by 
the light of event. wWch Sfhf ^T^-f A""''"," '"*" "» »*»*« of mind ii 
or without thel^r^^'Vafl' to ^y^'ttT^d'? either within the reata 
given which would be evidenoe of hi/!3l •* or comfort he might have 

in the place where heT in ?»5 ^X^"^°^Ji^'^ "«* •» ""J «»d comfort 
rend^ to the Tnemy ouWdfthe*^^ "'""' *^« "^' •>"* -«''' •» 

treaao/ai^^S^JTbL^ oYtTS^ ^•>" "^ ^^'^ "" **» -">*-*'" 
^r. Sni,vA„-No, one. Being adherent i. the only one. 



Appeal Proceedings. 



to it. 



Mr. Jvnam A. T. 



■hiaiHTCa 
Uwmc-U that i. •>, the " dMwhm " appU« 

with "r.;":js ^.'"ej'zr"-^'™ "^ •»- • *^" '- »««» 

Mr. Sdlutix — No. 

Mr. SCLUTAH — Oh, DO 

;;^vi„ft:te .n^'„^»?^r^<: J^:«r'=e'?ri? n-ii 

»' *" ^ hemg within the P«*^aon orC KicgT^LlcTL'Ii.'ZlS* 
^ oa«,, and. indeX te*'S"o^e?tarr:^*'*S:tiir "tt." ,*?* 

^s^t^«^s:^3rSSH 

» ote f?.P™7S by evidence of act, ^utei^Z reahn U never^^I « 

S w PefoaP* It niay be stores, and letting that information or lettine 
ftat aid or comfort go to «,e enemie, of the^realm who may bl ouWd? 

«.t.id" ^ something which take, place, owing to hi, agents 

*owth?''3otert^-a^o?:S:' '" ""' "^'^ ^^ ^^ ^ -^ 

a« re^ coUecting infonm.tion as to the dis^ti^^ l'^"?. 7^ 

287 



Sir Roger Casement. 

uTiw-!-. . *"W • -enU hvd than truumitt«l thm. 

Mf- JPfnf Awi»— In tluMe ouu of (mdiiw infonutioo ia not th. 

o»«rt «t l«d u Uiiv within thii counter, uTfa»1^' '' ~* "» 

Mr. STOLiTi»-In the leportMl oatei, ye*. 

»t on foot by hi. .gjnt witiun' th. r^^^J^ ^M^^l 

^tS^;i,.»T '^«^\'^: (<» '«-*«-"». that he ^STth^LStl 
contmed tlut atore. uid munition, or »mething of that wrthirfMMhJd 
the enony cmtade the realm where the enemy vu Tou^d A^T^M 
he within the reahn hjd ooUeoted infonnaL., ind Iffto"rt ^o^^ 
prove no overt act within the realm tou oonU ^- tw ? ^^ f^ 

"^eZ ^^ \'^'^<^ taoCtT^hS^Tnty'Ud wtf 
coUeoted by him, and for a treawnaUe purpoae had in {.m^IkJT. 

«vr'lef?5,e*'Ltar '" "°™'***^ '^ "^ *~»^ »' «» -«" -^ 

th« ^im'^^ SOT^»_In your view may the crime of adheiinff within 
the rMlm be proved by overt act. entirely eUewherel * 

Mr. SvLLivAs — Yee. 

Mr. Jwraa Sorottoh— What meuiins do you sive to " within rt 

wTatf '^ neoe-ary to prove prewnoe in the realm, « 

Me murt be pieaent within the realm in oommittinir the oSenoe alU»nrt 

^r.rhTh.'^a^""^'^ •^'*",'"?'* '^ wa.^n^:?T;itt^t 
re^ ought be an ovwt aot completely outnde the realm. He murt b. 

J^Se m^n '^^ , ^MfT'^ » ■■ "-tt" Per.onaI to the S.^"" ft 
M? JnlSl A'^r? *^ "2?^;K. "d he muit be within tte ^. 
Mr. Jostkh A. T. L«nainJ^-It ie the man who i. doing fte b«^ 
Mr Jbsticb Bbat— If the indictment in thi« oaee h^ b^for^dWiM 

wx^the »alm, that could have been p^^yX^'i:'^^ 

Mr. SnLLiVis— Not that he did, but if you found that he wm witiiii 

at Zi&^^4r^^}^^^^ 

^LT^^J^^.- ''?™^'' *'«,J'^lf °"er went there and never Jt 
b GenCv^U- >.^°" ^i"" P"™ "'^* "^ *"»«• 'hich took pl«« 
1? hoi^wf. ^ Z^'*'' ■!? "■'t™"'* «"^'' •* <>™™ that he remaLg 
at home was, .n fact, aeasting thorn and adhering to them. 

Mr. Josron A. T. Uwhmo^-How could you do thati It i. u. 



Appeal Proceedings. 



Uahn h» wu eon. 



Mr. BvLurai—Thr^l^r^^J:^ i» « act done in this oountrr. 
ooonW. ^ """e ">• Mt, then the lot » done within the 



beie ' 

«ounil',^°X!^'il;roI« tb^'-'^ y"?* -K« th« be within th, 
jn/onnetion m in the n^ reportedc^,"^' -hS^t ^'"^"^ <>' conveying 

a» »e of p,«,n. not'lJiS^^"^'"' %t^^° ^^^ the "Im to 
by the receipt out«de the «.to rfiSinnSon "V*"* ""' ** P""«d 
done in Gennisny ft«n which a iw wmM^ .n*.-.,!?"."?': P">~ »»«• 
man within the iealm w.« ^noiriS.^* Jiil °'"'** *" "*' «>« f"* 
outade the realm. ""PonaiWe for then overt act* that happened 

-t. ^Ji;^t- ''• ^'»-«— H- conU he be «.pon«ble except for 

rtdm. ^^ " *" '"*"> «<* oy «he principal within tte 

Dublin at the tiW^,^ Wt,S^<S!J" ^ '^^^ "^ «'il«^ 
nio aoouMd wae, in faoLin A^i^f^' ?" •?*"* ""^l *>«> them. 
wa. tried andlS^^StJdtor h ^^ *™« the riSig rf 1867, andhe 

«t <^adS: te^'^atTwSLr '"• '"**v*^*" » - o^ 
act within the realm! ^" *'^ prisoner baa not done aome 

Mr. amuTAsSotaa overt acta, yea. 
y^ »^J:-T.t'^^^t"- I<»?!'»'tbinkofit. 
•n agent todTc^toaS. to G^^.*^"!; '*'"•« " ^^"'* »PP<»»*» 

the realm, aid bia ««ent iTdoW^. .°j*'*v'~'°'- Be ie withii^ 
2»thingwitbii,the™.T*B^taolr^'^J^^ He doe. 

the acta of bia agent mav be „,«^^If\ ' •f;'''"'*^ i« "ghtly decided 
"ctlmw overtly h^f™^fc'^™^.*°v*'"^ t"^ J"*. »lthouib doiw 

Sfr.- &i!:S:r*"**^ wa. » c., of oompaaaing. 
•ct ^■''Z^J::^^'' ^ "ot »<Ji'*«i fo' adhering, and the overt 
Mr. SuLUTAB—It waa a peculiar oaae. 






'M 



Sir Roger Catement. 

^gUh ud WJ. .ppMi,. I U^Bo doubt thTiiHUirtmmruWiS 
oor«otly Tlw flrM count «u iWonioudT waWMiSito d.^ri« .^ 
dopoM tb. Qu«n .«l .h« it -to out th. irwHSTthl b, *d «Lri^ 

Mir up ovUin pmn* in th* Unitod SUtoi of Aati^to torSToiS 
Bnt«n. Th.«ooi«l count wMfdooioudToompMS, .ml i^SSdlS^ 
fc«J war W.i«t th. Q»M> in onW to ««n5- h«T3&W wS^ 
and counMU. Hi. third count «u Moniou^r compin^ to i^™^ 
rtu- cMtun fonignor. to inT.d. th. Unit«i KingdlT. ^ to mor. »d 
Mr 8ntUT4»— I thinli your lordihip wiU find that tb. loTTinff mr 
wa. in bot, doi»in Dublin, whw. th. primer wa.^ ToTSfl tod 
that. .«, in th. Court ol Error. It onl/w^t to tb. Lorf. oi aMlS 

Mr. SrLUTi»_Y<*, under th. Act of 1848. I point«l ontTt^ 
^|«K.noem.nt of mjr arpnnent there wm „o p«>oedu« in ^^,Jto rf 
S?J«^J," :; Jf? •«*?:*''B"y proc«lu« would hav. to be .HoZm. Uw 
I. a Clear dMInition of the offence. It ia a rtato of beinir U i. «vi.i. 

it intSigfSr^ • • I-'™"""^You murt r.«i on b.7ond that to n>.ke 

Mr. SjjhUTAS — 1 am going to. 

Mr. JrancB A. T. Liw««ra^-It baa to be "probaUr attainted of 
tmaMoable deed unlee. you g«t the .tote of hia mindt » you get • 

*"■• SnujTAir— Giving them aid and comfort in the realm or elwwhm 
a, I mbmit, a d«oription of th. natur. of hi. adherSnoT^ 
wmlT" »?t^» tj;f!*T/* •*."'* a"*» """onoW. to auppm that th«e 
a«pfr?^h*:t*fc?tT.? ~'^"*'' '" 'O"" " ^^^- ^ 
adhei!^^"'^""'^"^ **"° '" t»»t '"'7 they »« deioriptive of the 

Mr. Jomoi DaKumi— Do you agree that i« the way to read themf 

Mr. Jdbtoji DiBUKO— Then lot u» see how tou can ™JiTk.™ t™ 
c«™«l them that it me.ni tii., if a «i7£"iZ,T\o*S^- KiJ^^ 

Tnd «mf^rt\tr«*° "" ^""^ ' '"^ '"^^^^^ "^ «*"■■« «- «" 

su;^ng--^f ^Ltid-^.^^': ;r^,:t'^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 



Appeal Proceedingi. 

<<oiMn< o «« na o„ «»/brt«. Jl^V*'' "^w*." lod then coSm 
JWU look .t th« PudJStST^i^ '^r ~ »«"• "'JWo*"." ButiJ 

*™^ the line, Mid »)u «t Sr^ST^.' "»* '»«k » <in"ra right 

W^f *ith . nttgniXinTrfSr It if ^^ ^J^ "•looked .t yery^ 

jn. • Wk, not ni«l« wSTS. w ^iJJL'? ^"""^ *<» tWniit 
,faW>«|»intl>.oour«<rf riTtti.I^J^^'-^^, '!»«* W oom. by ti 

wr jwir »rguniant. "«««« it » T«ty miwh the wone 

i»wnotgot,tr«oireweltol^« not hnwkete in the wnw that Om 

Jfo ud there wheie w» Aou& ,.™^!i. ' ™*^' """^ ">»* «»»" or^ 
•*»*» in the print Whwill aI. Ef^'fli*"'. *''•* ' tii-ku, .^ 
» trineyem liiT It «, ^^.^ "T P"* ""wket* the« old earibeTrS 

ttflVare reproduced in the w^riSTof ^7^1^ "P-^^"* oom^; 
*"«* BoU i. printed in tite ^^ !,?♦' •^*"*? " «>"»»"• ni 
Poee you would faifer inw ^ •t?t»t«. exaoUy oonwtlj. i " 
diirewnce, that S^'con^ tS! 'S^'j^P'^'"* *» •» attadied toX 
- the .nUK«ty. nle^rTst^^J'^--"''^ Boll f«« tlTt ^hiS 

"med Trithoot anv S^rS'.. ♦ "** °»*'*»" ™1 hive to be defci 
*«»«-tance »Wri.^a,'r^e''r^,'^?l.'™i^ '"^ ^ ^^ 
^ Jiour lo««.ip. are dealinn^tT, 1,*TJ^"; "«'• "* «" •'wte, 

'•»ouro#thrsLd,^'.r7tt,*te^ "^ "* ^t-s^ 



iii 



! ■ 



ii 



Sir Roger Guement 



Mr. JsMMB A. T. Lunmm-U jon eta fiv* la iatdUgiU* iMdiat 
to «Im wordi diovgudiBC tbaa, thtn Ibit migCt Urn. 

Mr. Bnufo—l aibmit Ito iMMiu to b* girao It nrfnth 
iataOigibb. AHhooghdwitotatohMbMoIoiorMiomujym, tb«* 
u ool/ oo» mm in wUoh •*« in indiateimit can to tooad, ud until Uh 
jmr lt03 th«t« i* no eu» in wUob tinrt had tow u wguimnt or Judc- 
mat vpon tto mMninf oT thio part o( tto ttetuto. Althouih ttor* had 
bwn CO thii limb of tto itotiito nio* oaiw, th*7 WW* aU ocMo of MUMrrann 
within tto nala, aad tto proof of oooununioatiooa and iafcirmatioo oollMttd 
within tto raahn, or attimptad proof to tto tanmm outaido. Tto mMB- 
iny, I ittliDit, ii parintlj oitar, and tou muit nl rid of tto worda " in 
"hia rMlm " altogattor, and kava th«m out, «a Lonl Cbto doaa, in oidw 
to anlra at hia tranriattso of ttom. 

Mr. Jsttio Diaum— Lord Cbto nto out Snt of all tto atotuto qtdtt 
«on«etl7, aad than to wanta to tan 70U tow it ia to to undaratood, ud 
wtoo to oouM to tall 70a how it ia to to nndaratood, aaaing that at that 
point Um wo>da " «• ton roialmi " ara not Dcoaaaarr to tto undtntaading, 
to laavat tham out, aa cna oftao doaa In raadine tto ttotion of a aUtuta 
in ordar to mato olaar what tto meaning ia, and than 700 raad it in tm 
hranetoa. If tto man ia indiotad f«r aiding aad oomforting tto King'i 
anamiaa within tha raalm, than it ia naoaaaaiy to aa} Uiat tha aid and 
aomfort muat to giran within tto laalm; if ha ia indiotad for aiding and 
oomforting the Eing'a «Demiaa outaida the kingdom, tbeo tou do not natd 
tto worda within tto kingdom. 

Mr. SouiTia— I aubmit if it ia naoaaaaij in order to giro it chat 
naaning, or n^har to prercnt another meaning being apparent, to lean 
out theae worda, tto CWt in oooatruing tto atatuto oannot leara theo 
out, but muat tato tto meaning with thoaa worda in. If the worda being 
in do not alter Ooke'a m e anin g of tto phraae, there ia no harm in inaertiiig 
them, and there would to no objeot in tearing them out if they were odd- 
aiatont with hia phraaing of it. I aubmit that ia the oaae, and " Kirag 
"both aid and oomfort in tto realm or aUewhere" ia deeoriptiTe of 
adhering. 

Mr. Jomaa DaBum — ^I agree with jrou paraonaOy if joa atop it 
" oomfort." If Tou atop at " giving aid and oomfort," yea, that d» 
iiiribeattocrimaofa%arenae,- but you do not want " elaewhere " for that 
Ton want tto " elaewhere" when you are deaoribing tto orime to be com- 
mitted elaewheia. 

Mr. SuUiTiK->.Sto]q)ing at "oomfort" and leaving out the adjedJTtl I 
phraae, " giving to them aid and oomfort," tow doee ttie atatute runt It 
nina "0/ br adiiering to tto Eing'a enemiea witiiin hia realm, in the 
" realm or eleewbwe.'' Why ia there any repetition of " in the realm "I 
I aubmit it ia impoaaiUr to atop at the word " oomfort," beoauae then ym 
would have a repetition of tto worda " in the realm," which would olMii; 
to taperfluoua and unnidaning. Aooordingly, to avoid repetition of w 
phraee, the repetition toing unneeded it ia abaolutely neoeeaary, I aubmit, 
to read the whole phraae aa being adjectival, aa bemg deaoriptive of tlia 
faot of b^nff adherent, which net of being adlment ia then clearly defiiwl 
aa being widin the realm. But let ua conaider thia. What about levying 

-"Or if a man do levy war ^[ainat our Lord tha King in hia reahn "1 



Appeal Proceedingt. 



tnr bard tU Kiov in U> mlm mT* 7 **"*• ^ '"T'n* war ualnZk 
•«»<«i»f to Cbk., .id UM^Vl^?t^^"**™^»»<rfth»iUtar 

Sl™"^"' !• rdhr of tt?^„2^\?« *^ »•■' wi- gfmhto 

Mmtod ui PhUip ud UuT wWT-f^ ^ {*™» '"TTfiW w«r" ta 









<ad ia The King r / ^^.kl; '*'*''*• '"V* 



V"^™ ~" —iiuuwDi or ju 

b. t|;. |s^K^t^ b. th. ^ ,,, „ ,„.„^ ^ 
_ Mr.- 8^J!!S';ri'r.jizrr"^' "■ '^^^^. 

»M th* cutle at CUai, .♦ *W « ^^ gwmnor, .nd, what ialnoJ. It 
««ob^ of Pariiai^^'- '*«»»»«>.» Englid. boroigh «ti^"i^* 

ae iame thing. Of oomWh, L^\ '*°***' °' <»>tl»»i7, but -a. 
«.di|to«t. m5 i, h, ^^ ui^j'* come>«k an7tW«d ul 

Mr. Josno, DiiBLiBO— If he hTllv- . *° "'"d hi* trial. 
*«»;J"8 to you. a perfectly „cS W.^SL^ "^ J>i« trial he had 

Mr. /™„» Da««a-WLy didUCcc™. and uk. it, 



:iill 



m 



n 



Sir Roger Casement. 



Mr. 8oujTi»-In thoM da;* oonfideoo* in the adminutration of 
jatm ifM not (o waU rooted oe at premt. Thie quertion of adherensr 
WM oonudrnd m The Kmg t. f iiAm, and in the trial in Inland it waa 
eqireaaed that the adherens vaa in the pawn, although the enemiea to 
vluim be had adhered nught be outaide the realm. 

Mr. Jmnoi Sobsttoh— I hare not been quite clear aa to what too 
■re doing. I thought you were atarting with the text writem, and were 
then gomg to deal with the authoritiea. Would it be poaaiUe to do it in 
aome eort of order? 

Mr. SuLUTAjf — I (tand reproved. 

Mr. jOTTioi Sotottow— It ia our /ajlt, I think, becauae we have been 
aaking queationa about all aorto of things. 

fi- "'Wl^''"!!7' *i.^ "'**;'' *° "^"^ '^^ ^^^ Cb''* »'«i hi. authori- 
S?'n~,v . J*^ *^ ""■ *"*?■'*'*"• ''« «**• '"■ Wa interpretation 43 of 
^I^ "! ^r!i '**™ ''*• "^^ ""> *2. None of thoee oa.ee ha. any 
referenoe at all to the etatute or to the worda of the statute 

Mr Jmmoi SoRuraoif— He begins with John Britton't oaae. I. that 
one of the caatle caaeal 

Mr. SuLUTiK— The firat reference 1 have i» 43 of Aaaiaes, item 16 (a) 

mavV^irTiSr SoB'^os-Tou .eem to be beginning in the middle, if I 
may reepectiully aay ao. 

th.J*'"' Soiii^f— Apparently that ia «>. I took the reference aa being 
fw^' f p r *« "«*■ «.*' of AasiMe. Then there are referenoee to Z 
BoUa of Parliament, 7 Ridiard II., itema 16, 17, and 24, and 7 Henry iv! 
Item 47. 1-hat haa nothing to do with treaeon at all. 7 Rioharf II , 
S™L v' 7" '"** 'i°°* °' treaaon, but impeachment of the BUhop of 
^~^^ f^ * °'""^'' "' '^^'"^' '»«l'«Ji°8r peculation and breach of 
oOTtoaot and general corruption, m reepect of an agreement with the 
Crown to eupply an army and t» provide it. 7 Biohard II., item 17 ia 
a oaae of the cuatodian of a caatle in Flanders who wa. put in arrest for 
aurrendenng the oaaUe. TOere ia no treason mentioned. One of than 
iraa released, and the other was committed to prison during the pleasure 
of the King. It certainly is not a proceeding on the atatute. The 
t^tf"** ^''•''* •"™,'««''.- Then item 24 is a case of surrendering 
a oartle. Ttore la an aUegation that one of them was encroaching the 
Koyal power by iBmung lettera, of safe conduct. There is oertamly no 
oonviotiMi of treason and they are committed to prison untU they pay 

mde did not cite below any of the other cases there. 

P^J^i''/"^!. SoBOTTOif— I am interested in the John <fe Brittaine and 

Robert dt Werla cases. Those are oases that Lord Coke cites for Ui 

propoeitiona. It cannot be fair for you to begin in the middle of the 

note. 

Mr. Smjjvijf— I agree it is not fair to the commentator. 

Mr. Jvsnaa Sobcttoit— Lord Coke probably put his best oaaes firrt. 

Mr. SoujTAK— He might have done, but they have not been cited 
m ai|jiment. The RoU ol Parliament, 20 Edward I., would not help tis. 
looked'at it'""" *"''™"'— S"™ ?»" "x* looked, or has not your junior 

aa 



Appeal Proceedings. 



•«»t„'S^'!;-r^y f? own <„«igkt « I i. *• T" 

"««% «• I ^t iV ;!*^ I ^T« not bee?Y li«f ^^' ""* ''«> "V 






law. 



^^tnortatute of Edward UI. tl^ ha J*^ i*°f"™V«J *<> point 
QU«t;™r«» ? otherwise until 26 Henrv vni v ^ I»"Mi» within the 

"**•' •namraoh a» it i. »n on. 
JMS 



Mr. MOna 



Sir Roger Casement. 



" Oouit; ud if a man be an adhenot to the Xing'* enemie* in FVanoe hii 
"land ii forfeitaUe, hia adherence vill be tried where hi* land i«, a* ha< 
" often been done -with the adherent* of ^e Xing'* enemie* in Scotland; 
" and, nr, on m^ faith, if a man be a traitor hi* land i* forfdtaUe, and 
" the lord ha* it bj way of eaoheat ; and it i* reaaonable, for if, when > 
" man ia out of the faith of hia Sovereign Lord the King hi* land i* 
" forfeitable, a multo for-viri when he ia out of the faith of God." That 
i* the authority cited a -.at n* below, and the authcnity for the propoai- 
tioo in Coke, that he oc .be tried where hia land wae. When yoa come 
to deal with Hale, and etpeoially with Hawkina, there waa ao much opinion 
a* to how he ahould be tried that it ia quite dear nobody knew how he 
oould be tried. 

Ur. Jmmoi D^buno — I* that the authority referred to by Sir Edward 
Ooket 

Hr. SinuTAH— Yea; 6 Richard III., Trial 64. 

Mr. Jnaiioa Athb' — Before you go to Hale, there i* a pa*>age ia 
Ooke'e Institutes, page 11, "It was TesoWed by all the judges of England 
"that for a treason done in Ireland the offender may be tried by tia 
" atatute of 35 Henry VIII. in England, because the worda of the statute 
" be, all treasons committed out of the realm of England, and Ireland 
" i* out of the realm of England." 

Mr. SuLUVAH — That is after 36 Henry Till. The question that Cokt 
i* pnttang is prior to 26 Henry Till. How could you try any of tbesi 
tiesaons ; what were you to dot If the thing was a orime it ought to bt 
triaUe, and apparently they are casting about to try and imagine hof 
it oould be tried ; but with all the opiniona how it could be tried, so fsi 
as can be aaoertained, I am not aware in tliat period that it ever in 
truth was tried, and when you get to Hawkins, Hawkina finds himself faced 
with a number of different methods in which, it ia alleged, it might Ik 
tried ; and I submit the observation of Hawkins, so far from being u 
observation against me, is, in truth, a confession that nobody knew hot 
Jlou oould try it until 26 Henry Till. 

Mr. Jvsnoi Atkin — ^I thought it waa the decision in Dyer that il I 
ooold not be tried. 

Mr. SuLUVAK — Here was the opinion that it oould not be tried. H" 1 
opinion in Tiner's Abridgement is that it oould not be tried, and there it 
ended. It ia 2 Dyer, 131 J". In Coke, on piracy, he says this on paff 
113, " Note, treason done out of the realm is declared to be treason ^ [ 
"the statute of 26 Edward III., and yet at the making of this Act « 
" 26 Henry Till, it wanted trial (aa by the preamble of this statute it 
"is rehearsed) at the common law." So apparently he expressed tn 
different opinions in two different parts of the same volume. 

Mr. JnSTici Darlino — Does he say it wanted trial I 

Mr. ScLuvAX — ^Tes, it wanted trial. 

Ur. JcsTioi Darlhto — ^What do you take that to meant 

Mr. Sdllivak — ^That tiere was no way of trying it. 

Mr. JnsTioi Dablino — ^Why should not it require to be tried J 

Mr. SuLuvAir — ^TTie context ia, I think, perfectly clear ; as I say, it i* I 

on page 113, under the heading " On Piraoy," " Note, treason done cut I 

" of the realm is declared to be treason by the statute of 26 Edward in.> r 

240 



Appeal Proceedings. 



TUt M to «ay, it lMk«d tiMl ""*"•• "n«M»«d) at the oommwi Uw." 
«* hPiriiT^r""-"" '^ """"'^ th.t to n«.n «..t it oa«U 

i-J'^'rSS.gr""-''''^ oouM it not be tried by the C«a^^ 
the Kng',°Si;^^;g^ *» „oh place, ij, Wde. a„d Ir^i^ in 
bodie, of oouiltier ""^ oountiee-plaoe. that hud ^TtS 

. county i, got k^to^JZtT^th^r''^?^"*^' »° "* 'i*^ the body of 

rt in . oounty you would hT^^"" ^S^^f™ »? » Oommilon to fay 
»enue then. ""• "«™ *<»ld bo no diMoulty aboat 

J^'S^^^^Xr5.o"r :!L«",«»" b~i to be the 
the Cburt, and. a. wekn<Z 7i^ »o»»ed would be brought befon 

tteir own juriediotiin. A^rtS!^ S5t"* 'T. Comnuwion within 
■ matter which wae not ^tk^ ft^ J . i*' '*"'* "* ^^th regard to 
mentioned in Vine?^ IfX^a^t^^n"'**^?*^"^^' *»* "XL. 
body of the oounty, you^If w"f ^S^'?*^,*^? cogni.ance of the 
iMteooe.. but at S^iion Uw a ^' ^ JJ^ ^* "'l^ "»" *" ""tain 
oounty. * ™"8 had to be done in the body of a 

bat ^rf'Sk"«^TiTf l^r Z.^"' »'"^'fe'*»d 7<mr argument. 

;;«ed in 1W. ZS whe"Tla„d h^t 'tS"" ri-U 'be indicted tSS 
" Henry IV." Was it sn «Hl^5,ij ?■' ""* "" 't "" adjudged in 8 

l« ^i^Z^U^'^'-'^^ ^^^ evidently^it he had authority 

«hip. I am t»U that that^'o Int il S wT^ '""'''^ ■*» y°" '"^ 
to »e why it i, cited in "uch oom^a " " ^"^ ""' '* ^ "*^" "^ 

•vidmoe. and «> he ^^^^S. *° *^ ^ '"^r appeared to offer 
Mr. SniLiT.4»— He waa ohaiged. 

«7 



|[ 



Sir Roger Casement. 

, ttu Act of 36 Henry VIlTit wan^^'?'. / ^"^ 3** «' 'he mSin?"/ 
Mr J™™r^ ® ■* obTioudy wronir. 

*°"Mr'7- ""'''*'* "^o'P'^'e^accorii.g 

Po-ed^to |n^»^-p[^»2! •""'^ ^ 0>ke'. Cbom>ent.r, p„. 

a. teag tae„„„ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^ ther^ ^*°'*' ^ P™' He refem to it 
^ ^"^^ bTL^'Zr.te^^K^r *"*» ^ "'* to it « 26 

*' "r .IT """ "^ "" *^"'"" ' '" ^'''- -''' -"»-» *» 

^£*^e^^i^^^ r«^ l«^e the Inrtitnte., do you know tb. 
iMy.g^jfc^'^t^f^t hg^, b«t I c^ a p.«.ge in 

*** "-"^Tng, and espeouOly with nfennoe 



Appeal Proceedings. 



"I^ Part I., num^'j^^^^'^tbm thi. Act ri i* ""^ «» 
Tb» date, of aU those »~„- "• ^"^ '■. Jnemhr.„r?i? »>">«« 6 John, 
to -6 John. memCnr-^^ *^ «*^'»te 1^ irt ^\?"°'.''"«' »• 
«!» baron, in the ti^ „, V? ■«'<«™noe to the confll-ir ™/*** •■« "ft™ 

of what WA «Zr/v? ■• nofung' in th»f -k^/- "^ " ""e atatuta H,» 
~'" V«rdot'"o^"?£7- " tte qSe^o? -™}™. the oont^„ti» 
ininV i.-j "'.""PJetely withn.,t*ir^„, " »<Uiereno» -ith„„» *tZ 




•«n / isdwaixi in Bi,„V_r ^ ""^ too JVench ir;„ • ' '""eiture of 
.» whioh the™ i. . dKr^?-^ -e-bm^re - '^J»»«»d .oWW.. 
f*. Pwmd, appiZ?^""' *<> deal with land wUch h, ^' »™ *™ <=««• 
»•"»? joined tte^Z' ±5 *^« *»<> PartieT had^^°/'"^«'*«' <» 



• war iTtC^^. " "»*• 

• »«• m the realm, or it 



»««7 have bee^. °- "»~™ »«n wa. levW ;;r' 

Mr. Jcanoi A T r^— ' ™uni, or it 

Mr SDLUT4»-llie^T^?^Ag«in,t the Sooto. 

* Dn.nn.m~,r7: "• »o«r lordahin. '^™em, they are inoniin-- 



aunt 
into 



^"ws* Pronounoerfi^ !L ""'■ lonWun. ■«. «,. ' ""7 "« inquiriea 

..^"".rt Weaton ^y^'la^T^*'' 'ea-a exp^";"''.^*^^^^ 

_ reaaon ia eiDw-JT- ~™™ tne judBment ;. . 7^ '" ™« judgment 

. Iivered up bv briCi!.' ™? '•**. ■• meet inrfJ^.?*- ^e"- " Th. 



■r^ talUna 



Sir Roger Casement. 




to jour iMii™ ' " *^»»''«fc«*'» Abndgement, th. iue I We oiM 
Hl.^- '"™' »«"«»-Wlut do ,«. ..y to thi., thi. i. QM J»tt. 

authoritie. he dtefc ' ^°" "' *'"' '>*''0'»t looking rt tU 

oo»»ftoir3.et JeJrX^" »• ~* the ,., »e h« b« ^ 

" preceded or foUowed ^m^/!^.^^..^^^ '"y <**«' P«'*»' "l" 

m the hand and head irf omimt i.^.. j ^ """ ^^'^ " 

" oveiy ocwuion rf tiS. «rt ^ lawyer and oonrtan% referred to on 
" and^ *S^ ZSsdto M^m; Jr™'- *^?^fo". look to the» boob, 
" the worWitoTe^tu^^^ S! "P*"'"^" P?" b? text writer. o» 
Juatioe DalIa.looiT.^Br^flS« » * oommsBon of the peace." Chief 

they had n^T^ft^S'jrr^j^rj^?:;^'*'-"'^^™''-^ 

authority; ttrrtaSte il Z^"* '^ ^'^'^^ "^^ » rtatute, that « the 
Lord oSe wm not^ "f ''«1^..«"1 it i. ita own prime eipcitor. I 

^ uuuou M a natute, whidi aa far a« reaearoh can go, until 



Appeal Proceedings. 

«/ 'or a giMt number rf W;«t.t*„Vj "i^ "«ed on in » oerUin 
oooMoance^ith the j^iaJT^i^L^ «nfluenoe you in uning ia 

h" not b«nTtenn, i?Tli.^c* J^' ?" " P""'""""! by thorn 
if the matter hn. not ° ri«n t^„w^^* " ^"••*"'' to be acted on. 
a*-^d Hale on ~e SioU^n ^r.ut7i: Vw ht "^ ""^•" "^^ 
a beooh to be canT«»ed and debated l«!w^-.°? •"?• °<* «"~> >>^"* 
their opinion, upon mat?^ rf^^ 'kSd^' S^^"Jr 'iS^tf"*^ **" 
to give authority for hi. ptopoSSon. On. 7- ^^^ ^"^ P^^orti 
the .b««lity of the «tuatiSn S^ed^„ ^! ^L,^' ~""«- .«>'-aou. of 
no Oouit oould inform it«lf • the thhli*! .V '•* • """» '>' »l"6h 

Jjnnot be judicially proZn<4d to U ^.^rT" ''"^'**!7- ^ ""^ «"•* 
kind, and iooordingly boa cX anrt B.?™ '/ ""l * '^«' "*«■"» »' "V 
. difflpulty in theif CIS^" "1 S«« T 'li^K^ """ '■' '*»"' 
oonmiitted entii^y ontaidTof th« Kfn^' ^ ■ •' ""* ""** '•• " "i™ 
"»»ln>.howdidit«metoUaoril i^l* ^T"""" ""* '™*^<>« o* t^e 
for iritboutj.xanpmZn«.t it^JST "nif IT" ■*. P"?™"*^ to be aorime^ 

indioted in any oountv orF^, j '*,!* **"* ^ ""Sht have been 

whe™ the matter d,^ nit ^« H ^w*?* S! "T"' "P""? '" » «»» 
be found for gettiuTovw XTu ii *•''*','• *''*'»•* 'o«ndation that can 
a tremendoua diffi«!t^^e^dkJ^^A f **! "'■"' «' "'T !»«» 
if 70U go tr. that^LritT^rthfrfffu.'*'*"''* """'^^ o' the realiTand 

find thft the authon^/cSn^ Z, „*i'^„X!??^*''^ °?i°'™' ""» ?»» 
direct on, and it i. simnlvriilr!.!,^ ^ . dirtanoe, if any, in that 
in which the mat^d^^nSjt'i'-"' "' ~'"'"' •'P''»8 »°»tl'er cue 
rte authority t^Z^eyZ^tL^^°°**tPP"~?*' *^* t*"'"- tl» 

iffltiss ;Ss^r^» -"-^i^^s 

Mr. SuLUTAif— He dte. it 

Mr' W?iT~''"^'P' ^ 'i" ^ ^^ that later on 
^'^}"f^r^lZnZ^i^'^-- ^e Station f^m 
^^Mr. J™t,c ATn»--n>at wa- foreign trea«,n. oompaeaing the King'. 

date,|4nqr:?«;in*",t :::?^t^rth?n ^n^"^" -' '"«" ^ 

on the footing of 26HOTry TOI ^"^ '^'*^'' *■■* "•■"• <"■ 

13 llib^""'^llr^ Zr""*- llf '^'^ "»* demurrable in 

-e awama, at page 306, la a atrong authority in my favour- 






Sir Roger Casement. 



««-.". «d n«nS!?^'*not*±LrSw:?.^Sr JILT ■^'IS! «»• 
" that oouatr oalj wh3n thT^I? ^^■'^.'•'' '^ indictment i> 

brig«i«i to th. «tme eit^tT* ^ ^ /^T" •~,.'™WJ «..r .« d 
cannot reawnably be doubt*! hnt\^^' !V^?'» eonunentator, " it 
" for it cannot be ^K tt^t^ '^IH T ^' "'°"' ™y «■ "«»».• 
«id exp«.dy withra p«^^ rfT ^™i dMgerc««icon.equen» 
"diipunijtable, .. it mt«t hwThLn !» ;♦ *^ "'•• *'»"''* •» "•'""r 
ii looting at tbe matti S.™Ifc ST " '* """ «> *»y triable." iSt 
iwp^T* """'* *''™«'' ^' ^"g ond of the tetaoope. with i 

1. the other authority bef^thLtt '"*'*»to, which I know. Witt 

to tranilate it, we were told ^^' '^'**» Holdaworth wai unabk 

5Jr:sS:^7r";^7nr'r*'"'ti'''7"'''''''«»«"^'>"'7' 

know. it. °'*' "*" ■' "y fnend, the Attoraey-Geoerd, 

^e AiKW!mr.OBm«Ai/_No, 

»^'to''Si:^^ri|^^7«tief«"7co„,p.„7. With^ 
-y, thi, being a .iiro mrelv Jt^ J^ 'T v*** '™°» e»^- He 
of the deyelop^t^'e "w. of „Zf % P^-'^fWe. A Son,ider«tio. 
•Wng puniehkble a ?hin<r w« a o^? ^i' ^"^ ^^ '* ''" "^ ««»° of 
con«quenoe operatii^'°Ch* S, 0>JSf '^ "^1^ re.»n of the legd 
categorie. of crime di tSX, Zi^°' '"^ *^»* P''' «"• ^"^ 

crin.e"^riJ^..'pu!S'Sr"*^~^' Boyoa-^yitw-. 

Mr.- &"rW;;^i'^'' ??•? *«^ !»»™ *» the law. 

. d.«dhu "r^nf wr r ;L'^tir'~' -^ «>» -y" ** --^d .« 

He 4'. vS la^'^f/dlZ^* 'M* "*".',? •« » <"^"' t^-«- 
a man guilty of a orimB W .^'^^ ' " ^'^ '^"' *«*nioaUy: here » 

try in more than one of the ^ ThTv- ".F'V be you coiiH 
ipedai a,mmi««on to^ him '^^ ' ^"* *^'* ""^"'y *"" ' 

"25"^.^'1^"'"^iiIJ*'i.'^,r«.'*^S!!^^ '^*- «>« P-iewci 
^ wara 111. rhat u dearly tbe rtnmgeet esprMnon if opinion 



Appeal Proceedings. 

rJL^ «P««"l7 within 35 EiiSHliii 5. ' '"'«"' «>• "Mw* i* 
•bout W it w«'tri«l. '^'"^ "'•• *»-" would not b. r^Zaii 

Mr. Jcmoi A. T L<.»». ^ 
«<»1^ form c# triJ. ^'"-"•-IT- «.tate do« not gi„ „y p^ 

M*^ ™"" ** no trei^n 1^ *'^'*' '«>"1<J d-t^y than ST 

Mr. ScLLnr«-T«, m?^?-'* ''^ •«* l«ve that. 
Mr.J™T,o.A.T.i:»w4Jlwhyf 
»iaun the ^'";;;^d't'"^ J""^?'' ^^"^ t^e body of . count. 

ss---^°"H^^r^«:«n^---£^3 

or bodiea of hi« ooontie. ItT^., . l»gulate out«de the Kins', n^ 
wthit a. Img a, jwi topt the itetSte^t.,^ itf*"! «"»!«««>* to deal 

wwa It to oreate an oifenoe with™.* iilTi- •? .^ * oonatruct on which 
tj^ •*• aat i. why I «bS?™L^ir* "" *?' i"^^ machin^ 

•hitute. relating to t«««,n. ^^fle C^' P«"<>d. covered by rnaiy 
of. legal hirtory in which there!^;^ ^i"* ^"^ !?«' *h» enonnoui period 
«™.,that no court cJ^XkllZ^Tj" *^h"^' "^'^'i-KK 
"!»«» . How could any man be «& ^^ -u P*" ""^^ ^""^ b" • 
"Mbtutional doctrine of^ pre^o«„?'„f!'*y '" «<»orf«ioe with thS 
Mo«d;ng to the p™ce„ of Jat/^T^P^" ^J '-r*"* ""tU conviction, 
•onnnnal he wa. not » criminal • thr^'m. jj ^ ""'"'* a man of being 
Fwaed with fhi,, and HawUM '.»,™LTv *'' '">* «™*- They «» afl 

-triab.ebythemar-.allir^r^'Hr^--^^^- J^^./t would 






II 

i 



Sir Roger Casement. 

»fr. Jmtma Aidw— Wh»t cUtute it thatt 
1- uT'-J"""."'—^* » •' Richard II., dutcter 3 Tkmt. <. .».-. - 
^to» the authority. Tour lorfAip «;,iKta th. ^ of R^ 
Iljth-. w„ a conflict both with th.'^^Uni^l'^ISS SiS tu'S.iM 

^to then there wu a diluted iuriidiction. and then 13 HioUriF 

PMNKi to declan in thia Parliament by the adyice^^Sd aaSTnt i^jf 
" TSmT. i Pf'*'^*'' ** •>»»• cognieance of contract! touching dwdl 

"Ij.,?^\* 'J'"''-'"*v.*° *■* •""■ *»' every plaintia Aall ded» 
-f^' i." °""*' "■ ''» Jx*>^i"n, before that iifman be int iS^ ' 

"rs^^;°"^tn~re"rtS2^^;,r ""^* ^ *^^^ i 

"S'an ^J^.?//?'*^' *? i! r^» o* t""^ "Jon* within ti^emta 
" to^ ™.S! !H:- *^5 ^"'^* "^"i? Pn«»i1»" ; and that all th7»p«A 

B^miAT' tw i? T* of that » not the observation of Hawkim of 
STL™*, if^* *^* *■'* «l'«"'&ti™ M to how you are to deal w^the 

Pulton a h^,^!*^'™ r" '■"J^*' •* *^« ^o^ ^ Mr. Ferdin«»i 
"^t^'»)S 5?*f^A '™*.»' the report, of the common law. of tlu. 
•• W;n^ J^ '^*"'!' il '•!™'r.'"? °"' <" *^'> P-^-M work, of th. 
••\fmTadn^ -^ 1^"*^^' Rtderbert, Sir Robert Brooke, Sir 
»^Uiam Stanford, Sir Jamea Dyer, Sir Edward Coke, knight., and ither 



Appeal Proceedings. 



.. ?^ •"•where, befoi» «uoh n!!™^*^ "^ ■* *""! "n the Kioir'. ^ jT 

„"«o».. ..ding them in h J^^uS, t ^' ^' ^, •» «dhe4t HS 
born of the realm beinir heron,? tv «»TOeiB; therefore, if » -.biaot 

>^" "f -moth* ^*nW t..rt^?;^ p';""*'''? 'i*^ » p-w^ 

ra™, 't proceed, u 1 have read tI! v*"" ™»'° 'i* P«at boto- " 

coB.I^ing.'™' A«^-Th«t «em. to be b«ed upon ^ft^. oMe of 
1^. SoLUTAB^Tee 
Mr. ,^<. ,__, ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ ^ ^^ ^ ^^ ^ 



Bt 



^ Roger GaKment. 

«t»d •boot "inatUac," wUoh if th* «wl iMd Ib Sltn^, turn. 

Mr. 8bluta»— U* |o« OB to wr to. I do not bmr whatiMr h. 

srtTtu'p.^rSt.'' •"- -y »«». -i- •k- « »-'• br.b!:tr«i; 

Mr. Jmioa A. T. Uwmiks— 4a I nadmtaad you tk. ««». .j 

Mr.T«UiT«-U might h.T. b«B «, up to S« IUo7?IIl! **" 

••yith»ttrM«iiii.7Utri«li»»i»rtioubrww. "~—J»o«i7 
Mr. 8bluti«— lUt i. 3S Btaij VIll. jj Hwrr VIII.. | , 

S6 Hnirjr VIIl. ■• tlM ooiit importut ol Jir SB Btorr VIII. «il owri 
m onUr to otaw up doubU irUing upon th* H,...,K Zm."; *^J?T 

ti7th«n«t,„MO,out«d.ofth.r.iJnr I do .ibmit that wh.n ™ 
o«Mi to tr.a«,a outnd. of the mlm jw. find tn^on o\Sw?^rf C«ta 
bipp. ,n th. Report. Ut«. th« ae^anuy VIII., " Thrtif „, .7^ 

««h tr.a«)ni, wbttrnvw thej b., or wbm»o.T«- t^ ihtU IwoMnto 
'• b. don. or committwl, riiall b. inquire." and thm it mm»id« (!?.l 

JS^.°fiL^^*^ . •"* *^5' y?" fi»d In «1» R^ort. cue. o«>ppZ 
up of .Ikgatton. of trMun outsd. th. redm, and a* bt. ai 1709 m 

^jr!!L .1 /v*^" .J"f8"„*'»^ «'" -t- «nd pert, of atatutM reUtinlto 

Mr. jDinca A. T. LawmBKB-niat, you aay, ha. bwu repealed* 
Mr. ScujTii.— T... but it refm to th. period of the ^widted and 

5.» ri.^ r.tr''Z"f "" the period of the oa«.*oit«rdnoe that m. 

♦Wnk 1, ST-.^ ";."• S'^""** '"POrtant "tatute upon thi., beoaiue I 
think you find It i, after 26 Henry ViE that you ae. JW^jjToiu^ 
other caaea of foreign treaaon. »• v««, lumwr 

^hJf^- /""<» A™»-After 26 Henry Vin., according to you im 
adhenng to th. King', eneniie. beyond the realm traaaon o? not* ' 

-,Km7/;i. T^^T .r",."?™'"*' »* '" '""t*' *»t it waa. although I 
«tait a.at owing to the Umitation of the eUtute of Edward III. i3it 

w^«rta.nljr beyond. I .ubnut that the atatute wa. extending^ 
^f*'' • ^V°" ''iJ,"'e«™J"l«. " yo" lordAip. Iinow, in theW 
of tte reign of Henry VIII. , whole lot of fancy treiaone; ii faT onHS 

to-day, might forfeit one'a Me to-morrow. I think 26 Hemr VlII ii 

S^"l'ssrs:s*°',•"^'^^ itc^taimy^is^eJw 

Sn^ir^ti?^!?^ *" '")•. » I<* «* "^ t«.««i. within and without 
the realm for the flnt time, and it provided the trial. 



App«l Proceeding!. 



2»^oo might h.». Sa, lt'*-ii^ "Jy «-. in wiKJJSiS- ti^ 



.i.^i 



WgJit.^'^*"-" *• • '-y oM photic, „d it hud th. «d.ori,y of 



Mr. IdUTu 



Sir Roger Casement. 



«u ta i<Jr™ Ain*-«ir J^e. Dyer w« King-. «»j«it .t that tin,., 

wii^ij'^^-^-.r' ""*' '""•* o' *1» ConuDon Pleat afto. 
w«d.; I do not know J he w« King', K^jeent ; that would «M Jltho^ 

good ^.""""°" ^*'''°™-" J" »» » "rJeMit at an, that would be . 

w,fi, **^*"'"- , ^e King'. Serjeant, as we know, unta the nine. 
t«ntli century, led tiie Atton»y-G«neral until the mJortmatT ooX 

S3 2 r^ Sr" ''?r" *° ^J^.^ CbuH.'^e report b in S^ 

"'S^V^'J!^^ *^* "P'"'™ "' *^« J'«J8^ tten move^ "r "■it™ 
moTCd for a doubt «npng the judge, and King'a eerjeant., whether™ 
treaaon be comnutted in Prance, or anywhare out of the ^eata it to 

VIII., chapter 2, beoauao in the statute of 1 4 2 Philip and Mm 

,, chapter 10. It i« em«>tod, that all trials hereafter to be Zd%S 

or made for any treason, shaU be had and used only aooorintto tt^ 

nnZ^M n *v??;P "Ttl T?" ' P"™**^ »"* tl^ morning, and tkt 
under 26 Henry VIII. and 35 Henry VIII., althoueh tou had oroceediS^ 

"lnd1t''lnf ^ Court of thejKing-a -Bench ^V^t^:T^T 
'•l.r.tl "em. that notwithstanding this, the statute 38 Henry VIII,, | 
•■tte^.^m'™?J'^'..'*°T°.r ""'"^ "f *^°™ oommittS out rf 

" i^ttS^tot.^*'*^ '"'™'" "°^ *"*^'^*y °' *^* *^«'» of the «to| 

Mr. Jcsnta SosnTroH— I, the word " county " or " counttr "t 

Mr. StTLLTVAB—" County" is printed. ^ 

Mr. JusTiosSoBtnToir— What is a foreign county! ■ 

«,. .?„■ !?^'tfTl*'"i'' '* " "eht, my lord; this was said just abouti 

forei^pteaa ' "^ ' ^^ "** ^'"'** *^* "*»*"** wiSi'rsg^l 

ths iJ^^^^"°^' *''^ '* "" °^*^ * '"*'8° «»«'«7 i' Wd ill 

In fW J?S?^^'"" '""^n P'ea when it aroeo was in a county foreignl 
to ttatm which It was presented; the word "county" is prebabfy ri^;l 
" SLkJ'?^'' ~°""'*'«? >P «• fo™ip> county and triable in the Kw^A 
•• OTTI „?.^* any county of the pleasure of the King, by statute 33 hStI 
M s;U PV' ' 'i***™ otherwise." That is 33 Henry VIII., ohapt»l 
hsTO a n^torfit**^' ** " """ P""**^ "* *** ""' ooUectiin, brt ll 

^^^^. JnsnOT SaBDTTON-On the face of it it had nothing to do withf 

},^'' ^"S^;"— It had something to do with treason, and if jm 
w^TJSUT..?™ °* ' °"°*°* ' ^" **" 7«>" «aotly what it was. «J 
!»f*^ 8''*^ moonven awe had arisen from having to nsnuw 



Appeal Proceedings. 



the socuwd for trial in th« «»...<- v ■'• SuUlwn 

^ ^, therw« the, ^^ «,,,^„^ ^ ^^^^ ^nd t™d w.th„.^ 

M - IJ^ county; ot^erwi. it ^ ■:^„^ ^- ->^ 
Mr. SniuTAK That i'> ^t — 

*'*™"""-™'™™i^..i..,..„. 



Sir Roger Casement. 



Second Day— Tuetday, IStb July, 1916. 

Mr. avhUTAN—Vj lordi, on two oocaaiont yeaterday, I find, on 
i^emng to my report, I wa« to aome extent at oroea purpoaea with the 
Uonrt. I find, my lorda, at a time when I was jiacuaaing acta cMmnitted 
wjthin the realm that the membera of the Court were putting to m 
queationa which were directed to the adminiatnition of law within the Kinir'i 
dominiona generally, and I do not think that I made myself as <ie»Pu 
1 WOTdd wiah a* to the attitude of my argument towards the adminietration 
of the law without the realm but atill within the King's dominions Them 
m», of oourse a great distinction between the realm and the dominiou 
Within the realm you had the common law established within the ancient 
realm of England, and the realm waa added to by statute from time to 
time; it had absorbed portions of Scotland before eventually it came io 
altogether; Ireland was added by statute, Wales w«« added by statute 
and France nommaUy remained the King's dominions. For aome time 
after aU junsdiotion in Prance disappeared, but France was the Kinrj 
realm. Now, my argumei.t does not deny that within the Kini'i 
dommions the King's law ran, and it does not deny in the smallest deme 
ttat Parhament might legislate for the King's dominion., and that tie 
legslation of Parliament would be adminiatered in the King's dominiom, 
although they might be outside the King's realm of England, which «» 
» very much more circumscribed geographical locality. In the dommiom, 
•nch a. m Gascony, m Ireland, in Wales, in Scotland, there was no common 
law; the King s law waa administered in the dominions by Oommissionai i 
admmistenng the law orf Aoc as their Commission required, but my anra- 
S^^K^^v"*^"? *?, *** »^*'"« *' ^"""l '"■. -^tt the limitatioTof 
A-JJ?^° ^^',. f^^ ^^ °' '** matters, did not drew as clear a 

.^l5r^° "J '?fu •'ke between what was within the realm and whet 
would be without the reahn and stffl be an offence under the statute, 
Being committed within the King's dominions and triable by the King'. 
J ii".v*T°'-T'*"° '° ^^ dominions outside the realm. There in no 
douM that -mth regard tea number of the matters mentioned in the etatnte 
ot Edward III., oompassmg, for instance— the other mattera I need not 
mention in the next two paragraphs— they were all matters which could 
♦wT"^** ""'^'^ «■ any P»rt of tie King's dominions, and were 
™f^™ !J !""*^ and treasonable per k; but with regard to two of tie 
matters that are mentioned .m the statute of Edward III., I submit tlw 
onfyaoqmred their treasonable character if they w«e committed within . 
S!r3! • P*^ '^ *^ ^"^' "io™in'"». namelj, within the King's realm, 
^ ■»*!LT™'i'*'1,.'""' 0"™nali*7 depended upon the pe.K>nality who 
oommittod them dwdhng within the King', realm, within thV King's pew, 
md jmder his protection. For that reason tho« two matters, which wen 
» oiTOumscnbed on the construction of the statute for which we contend, f 
»nd hemg done only m a particular place, where incapable of eitennon 
K ^ »>»t™otion of the statute of 26 Henry fm. or of 6 i S 
^«!!r ' -^^ *T *^" mattera were cleariy crimes whererer tiiey were com- 1 
mitted within the Kmg-s dominions, and were capable of b^ toied by the | 



Appeal Proceedings. 



marJiaU, wluoh were ev^wt, ,i^- i?iT™,''*" OMnmiMiou, to the 
P»oe trying people acconling to mLZlaw <^*™°"»»'» «> ti™ <-' 

*»f P«-u4 rf tT Act T rlltr "'V'fi'^ ^ ?-»•* 0' 
volume of the etatutea I l,»™ iL. "'^■. I find in the little 

volume «ib«ribe?t^^e iu^J^ ^"t 1"""'^ '"™. "" *« t*™. ^ 

trweone made t«a«m frv Su liTanS^ Xr^™-"'^" *^* prtioular 
"»tatute of 26 Edward HI .L -^ ™"* "*'* ""» Reason by the 
" 1 Marjr, chapter 1^' ":Ly^I "^ "" "^^^'d ^y the .tatie^ 
fication of the authorities «feS^te^P^T°°* '" """^^ "^ «»« ''"i" 
done aU that I asked rfiiZT„i^^'° ^' ''>' "^ ooUeagues, who have 
«ngle referenceT« ^f'^^rifi'^' "Z weTa '"l'"^ ■"<* '*"' '^-^ 
JowiBg aU these reference to which atentZ I. ""n^ " '"^"'"andum 
Brittame', onae wae a casn ™rfS ?™"*«"; "» called yesterday. /)« 
what MaitCf ,3S the L'^fe^tr'%°'"^-- "^^ "» » »"^ 
regard to the title toZdTEari^d^T?- I^"" l".*^'. \'>""*"«' 'ith 
felted (your lordship seee by flied^te it ? ^*'^ *" ^™ •«" '<«- 

faot that the owne?, ^eT ^f^*w " f' t^T *° *^* •*»'»*«) bj the 
land, and in .e,pect of L Si C?T *^^ ^?"' *"<> «!» Fwnoh 
jud aervioe to the Kii o1 BVance ^Jf,'?^™ *"• ^'™ *«*° ^"-S '"i' 
Bracton, where, in re^t of Cp».^^^j*^\P'?"""' ""templat^ by 
«rvice to the King Tf^LZ at l^^tK^"^' ^ ^^ *° fumiA «.it and 
of England, and Ihen hThl) tJ^^-l ™?* "" «' "" '''«' t^e King 
EtglSfd in'«.pec^rf w^^'^u^ I^"* «"* ""'l «"'<« to the King^ 
deoeaaed man £S been L^tW fi. if- ^/l"«8tion aroee whether the 
in Kepect of hS rTLS^'n \fL «" ! 1^^ "IT^"'' *"'» 
i» anterior to the statute ir.^ If -JT . \ ^*^^ '™"' the record, it 
that I »u4«t Tthe ™^n^f th '"'"'*™*r '"'^'^ *^« <^*« of affair. 
tterealmTEngh^d, h^^lhtleSl't'^ ''™*'"'"' " "*«'*'•« '^'kin 
n»n who owned^FrenchCf ^d ^^^^^ T.l ^ tj^'l ^^^^ «^t. 

'"""r j^r c^ •^^t^toi?tfe7c^Sid'^"" "^^ "^ ' 

^.^Mr. Jn,„c Soan^^l .till have «>me^cunWiy; what happened 

Tie o^^l^""'?!."" ''" "'«"' at the time of the investi«tir,n 
lie ,uertH« w«« whether there wa. dower .till Z^h^^^'Z, 

261 



Sir Roger Casement. 



Mr. Mlrca 
Ijodir; it ii » petition in Pariiament. I un wrong; the down- oue w 
the DMt one m the note. The f«ite are « I h7^it*W 
«.thori»;y ™" "*"«°-Thi. i. the firrt o.» that Oi. cite. «. lu, 
^^Mr. Jumo. Atko-U i. a oa« of land forfeited {or adhwing to th. 

nf I.??- S^»^— 'IJ* Prenoh, my lord. I make it out to be in nmM 
ofUnd m Bo«n. The queation ««« in the oa«, of /oAn S! Br^^ 

KZ.„?'ii-^ ^ visoount, whoever he wa.. adhered to the part of tt. 
King of France contrary to hi* aUegianoe to Henry. He wm tfieViL,™! 

title „ it T^^^*^^"* ^^t." 'r"""* *»'«'' '" "ot « '"»" tononuj 

the vilI^"Vi~^' ^- "y '°'"<^' »' <»'™. at that date. He wai 
^fSHfV' ?i™^' ""^ '^«™^ to the paA of the King of IW 

C^^^^pteattlC^- f^S^teTto^trSnnt? 

olaimed frcHn a prior aaaignment, before the forfeiture aUeeed 

to the 'eatoter* *»^''-I '""o' ""t he wa, dead ; but%hat happe»d 

The ATTonmr-GmnRu^The landt were forfeited 
out o^'tiie'St'™"™''-^''™ "' "^ '"^'"'"''ff *° «» Ki-S o' Fran, 

The AiroBHir-GBmuL — ^Yes 

netiti^ ..'""T" ^'J^^-T'" l^d h«d been forfeited, and thi. wai , 
petition by a descendant to «ay they inherited 

on^- fnTZT^=y\^«^r-.^-Te^X- ^^^^ ^ , 

Mr: sZ^^^-^'-*-* ■"* ""» ■* -<»«' «•« forfeiture. 
Mr qm'^^ *^-?« <='"■»«> ««»in»t the forfeiture. 

^tJ^f /p-i^z^^ofwhrhT/br^iiti^' '°^^'*"" '" "^ <" " 

Mr. JuBTTon A. T. Uwhbhob— How waa it heldt 

Mr' J^^^Tt T" ■"^''^ ***.* "'^ '""J» ''»d bee- forfeited 
Mr' sZT • V- ^""T^'t wa. held againet hie claim! 

Tb.^^^J^-'^^H'^- 'O'e'lateialostimportMit 
rhe ATTOBMm-GBiraiut— It is 1292 

aflai»^;f i^^^"^* '**^ "' *^ "«*""* illoetrate. exactly the state of 
aa«« which would be most terrifying to a wry large ninber of Hi. 



Appeal Proceedings. 



0* BneUnd. *Jig»aiid too, h«I afl been forfeited to the King 

of Henry l^JXj^^rul^Xd'tSe?;!:^^''^'"^''- ** V.^ 
» generation afterward., beoauwT £ » 'n-i-S! T**?" ??™'' ' *''*°k, 
"b-tated in that from whiTZ pred^JL^SS ll/""fT°* ^ ^ 

to thTiX.™' ^™-^'' "«* "••» i. 33 Baward I. ; that i.. ,dh«Sg 

i^ AraoMOT-GmiBAi^That i. ioiert d<, Bou 

.pp-^-to^r^rS^^f^t^ratear^nt^^r " "«• - 
.1 1 H^s«,i- "'s^Ht tot^rad^^-^^r.- n^T^ 

f |r^-;.l'^^'r'o»,-^.'j- <-. 33 P^ward ,. 
" thetiy"^^^7i:^r™"''- -That the Kingoa^ed to be Uberated 

«^e^V„rSLt^^^^e'il.te^^''*"'-r-. "^^ «" 
33 Edward 1 It ™ JmoTthflf^ ' * ^" *"'^ reference, under 

P«li^en'tZ^ ^Tri^"^ iJt* ' r» "' JS^'"*-''^ «' -»<f the 
whe,« the laud, had been?XiL^;>,. J? ^'^^^ -*^« »™ «« "that 

una^o^r.^ ^»^«'t^eSd^rrra^^*^4:'a?tt^ 

BobeS"de^Sr^;°fir7^' rj '<>-f by the Kin^ in CbuncU that 

hi. duty had r^n^^e^ tZ^irtr^T K? '"* J",'° S"^""*' «K»i»»t 
the Sooto who^^ at Z? ,;^'° the King and adhered to the ,Irt of 
and never aglThh Wetin^'^H ^*"'? '°^ "'^' »g»'™* the'^, 
but remained with h'. en^ ^^rJf*"^ ""*? ^f P*"** <>' l"- kS| 
Prtitioner, which ^^ Z^'^rSZ"! """f «>« P™yer of t£ 

Mr. Jn.no. AiBK_But it wa. out of the realm. 

thatpeHodihavebi^'>^:::r.'dT^A!rri:r^n;: 

263 



Sir Roger Casement. 

dooumwi, but not within tlu Kin**! raalm lA EnM.«j i i 

oouU legidsto for them. «,d th^xW. kTwM SS^n ifJ tT'/.r 

were not part of th« realm ^""° "*"'• '"'* ™y 

all triaUe bftlm F^n.^' ^'° *''' '^"'»^« doniinion; they an 

Mr. JumncB A. T. UwB«,c»-What Uw were th« tried byf 
^^ Mr. Sou,ra»-By Commi«ion. which pn^eedTa^o^^ to d,il 

^. Jdbtjob a. T^ UwB«i,(»-What ia the aotkcrity for aavinir th»H 

with^T^^-f^rc^^^-jr'^-^.^^^^^^^ 

Uw; th^«u,d notLve the com"oTuw rf*^;^"."* "^^^Z 

^HS^in- '^-~" J::^;zt-^" - 
^^53noi^^- 1£^ ^^-^ »"tp;«eS''^ 

mitted out of the realm iV ti.^ ^ ** treaaon waa com- 

the taMaon bemg oomnutted m GeorgU, and thi. point i. upheld ; tet^ 



Appeal Proceedings. 

Wpamt with w'.woa to the mil*., ~ ^ ,. "^ •««■ 

<l«>t»m, i« u loUowH-?. N«S^ T^*? '" **^'W "«>, or rather the 
"of^the wortd, «.d that i?t ^S'i!;'T*"'°~'"*^'''"diyW«: 
■Of tour eew become imiir^nt ^.'T **" ?* «~' Britain." 
Uu* the epeoie. of t™^n rt?ch J^.' fJ.'J.'S! ""• '™'«" oP™* 
mudhering to tbB^,^^^^^^,'^,^"^ I"., chapter 2. 
;; 38 Henrfvin., oh«bS- 2^S Tf*i- '^^» *"«» »»'<»• the .tatut^ 
" common ]a.w"-L-^^ ' """ -""s kincdom, by the rule, of the 

to«» whlru"e^S^^7itll"C'*Li°" "^r 'f »»'. "d I w«.t 

law, aiough the^aid i^d^^^ tZ^t'^Z,^ *^\™'« of the common 
"that every other eneoie. ^t^ " afforded without the realm: but 
"be tried in the ria^ w^ A^" «<»?mitted out of the Zm 'm»t 
that Act of ParL^err^'trlTpe^Z:^ °' ""■"" the Provi.ionT5 
*■««»> «oept that firrt menS' U wlw'li" *"""^ "*^'' •P~™ o* 
•peoial Commi«ion and in the StiJ* ♦ ^ °««""y. both in the 
Act, and to aver that it waa LS™S '-.^ P"^"* ^ language of the 
>vmg an „pi„i„„ ^^^ Z^^T^-^^' ** "^^' b-t^^without 
" avement in the wari^t of cSiinli " 'iTTfy '".'"" "■<* » 
deal with i, what I have read. tS^!;)»„ *?f •*'"""° *^** ' •»^e *<> 
far from being a dictum in the eiSl'S^** ■e.o.mridered, that, .o 
po-hon, i. roaUy an affimuui^tf h ^f JF^ conflicting with my ^ 
one particular act might bTSed i^Vw^*!^ ^ '?°'*''* "P^'O" that Siie 
afforied without. C i. t^pTf^'tii^i^*?* "^''^'' """f"'* ™ 
<»n«tmotion of the atatute, P™PO"tion that I am labouring on tlie 

"»^'^t''>p^iTt^^t7^2°t,^ n_" ^'^ ""* »7 it waa the 

Edi^ard III. in adheringto Te KinL^'' ^'"? ''^"^ «»«•*• by M 

" adhering to the K^l TJX'^^u^TT' f'^" •*^« "^l"" '» »J- 

Mr. Sdiuvax-No, it dS^ not "^ ''*'^ ^ "*^- 

;:« Hen^Vm.!'^^^'^* ■:S;in"tKn^ '""^J^'^'' ^ '^^ 

common Uw, though tte iid and l^Zf^"^' ^ **« "J" of tbe 

"realm." H^ wotld^l^u adwf to t^ /°*. ''''"*^ "^^^^ «" 

the ^ a^d comf^^^i Z:''atSlSr^em''^.:ii?« "'-"' "^ -o" <>' 

the *»««* of your^iT^^"' *^ "«™~" ''°« °o* I™* that, which i» 
"™' 1 will be aNe to pomt out that my oontentico 



Sir Roger Casement. 



•id ad oomfort m^t be gino ootiide. ^^ "" in «e art thrt tk. 

mJ,^^' *»« g>»«« or laid to be gino to an ei^r outn^tt. 
Mr JuBTKa DiBUTO-Do« it not ooour to you that it wouS be vm, 

I«».X*l^for lev^MJ" '^'^ '^ '-y "Wy «««''t hi» ..^ 

Mr. ScLUTiif— Within the nalm 

Mr. Jdbtiot Dabuko— Not in every oa«e. 
out ^'in W "~^* '* '• ^*^^ *^ "^- What I am pointi™ 

Tie AiTOBOTT-GKraiui^Not alwayi. 

Mr. ScLUTAK— Except oompaning. 

The ATKKSMT-GmmuL—Tbsn ia Wharlon't c—t. 

Mr. SouiTiUf— That we wiU come to. 

Mr. Jdbtici DABLnro— And Z^ikA'. oue. 

tie r^ IDoT^ri'"''? f'*''^ ?" "y ob«rvatiOT, by aaying up to 

wl ♦!,. •'^j- . -. ' . **"* exoeption of CundeWt oaee in which n 

faT-fc^h rt *^"™,9io on the other ground., you have a number of cuei 
Se^f !-r^ *''r* ''^ ""y "* "' adhe^noe in the Z^of S 

rtr^i Jr . ""^ oomfort to ihe enemy who waa to ha Mrt>iil> 

the realm. The importance of the tracing of that i.™ ■ It^ 

^\^m •?). ♦^•P*!°* ^ '°»"*"' ""• ""i "O""''"* beiSg givTouW* 
aln^lnio^'* WhTwol^^L"^? what «,uld be the ^Jio^of tht 
ttuHdhS m;..},t K,!f " ^ ^ aignifioanoe of an ancient opinio. 
^SiTS^f ■ """ '»"P""°8 ""d other aoU might not, be teiaU. 

the i"';/taT.tTIr'; 5l!**j* V "*«« "omiJicated to find ort 

^r:;>.^^;d":\i?:.'-<^rihnjL7rwLrug^^^^ 

of gS DSi™^?nt^;^^""J^ ""^^ °°' •» *^"* •«*<»« the fi™t Owrt 

"arou. A^^JL^w ^- J^* "T^'" *" <^t w"- " No. tie Hale* 

"of^ M,V^ K fP^r ?*»?"i* <»^d not be tried by the Cbot 

aw °*'«7' •>»' only m the Court of King'. Benoh 6y a q»>>I 



Appeal Proceedings. 



•wniei wu ooSnnittod withk. tt«^^ f^?.?" wihenng to th* King', 
'""'^i^^-^^-^^.f' ^oTf^\^ -cuid be triad in tt. 



•rd 



Mp Sm.™ ^ proTiiioM of the i 

Mr. A.n(i Atdk- A'n "^^l"^' "^ Pr^""' "gument oTvenSe 



*« tried. I ttink itTuDc^',™ ^ ""'^ °°. "^ <>»«t'on where it ooid 
ttrt you could not trj T'S^rou? K '"'"V » '« » I *-" oon«e^S^ 
of tl^diffloulty „ to looU^ue o' the realm .t oonunoa law beo»« 
lb. SmLnu, That i» what I ii«, it for 

^to*"/"'" that could beZ!^gl°ted"' **" '" •"* '^- «*«■<» 
the a.^ent'S^°~^t"th^. ' judgment of the Court, and it ^jn 

the traSLtiS W tak^n^L* i?^ devdoped that where only pSt rf 
Iquoted VinerZ^thatlS tevXirSA'h' f 7 ^" "-fBoienrS:^ 
■trnotion of the statute of BdZd 11?^.^^*-^°'* tranuotion. My «on- 
vidod the adherent wal wm^^ ™i™ "V.'*'? "»«tent with thi., pro- 
;"thin «,d without the rTto, te i^' S^S A*"" t'^f»'» -» ^^ 
bemg act. of aid and comfort iT^ ^Jl^^l"^*- ''" "^ ''*k<>"t 
oulty of renue by haTinrwhat von m^tL „^ '"^ »°* o™"- ">« diffl- 
""Im, «d that^ave jiffiU ^ "" ' ^"^ """« '^'^i" the 

•"oient'opi^^l'i^^^ottoS^'T '? '*^ ''''»* '•■ the 
w» only the man who, he^^itSZe^^IT^i^'^A'' ^^ *»' '' 
Kms-i enemiee without the reelm^ ^^' ^ ''*° "dhering to the 

T^'s^^^^rztx^L^' '" /ii° ««""■ •»" I think th. 

tt«t; that, at all eve^ta Tmf i,^L"'"*'"1 *'*™t ™ther impUe, 
be intelliphle a. d>owing ttia7th^™L ™^-*°,'' *^**'.<'' "<»"«• ™>Jd 
you read ?t in the way I Lk vn„^ one partioular >peoiea of treaaon, if 
"de that none of thU tj^^'J^^ ^ » "»P*j»" to the gen^ri 
■»<«ide the realm; beoauw if tJ^jT "t.oMmnon law if committed 
P«utial venue whici ^^\^JT " '^^''' *•" "»''» y<>" had^ 
»rate the whole trZ^tion^lZteon" ^"''? ? i-^^Uon <» inve^ 
.jj.that way that c^m^^i^rd^Zd'LT^ '^ "^^ " '" 
thing w., to be done with." Sie S^S^' ^« «J^eg»tion that wme- 
«otioM partly to be doM w^tf,,? JiT^°] 1"? ®'"'"«1 Co"ta to try tran^ 
theoUH^^o, t^^d J«n«diot.on of the Court and^^y on 



U 1 1 



Sir Roger Casement. 



u • ^° ^*» — 1 do not think thn Ut*. 
witUn'ih.'S *■ ''• '-'»»«»-l*^ i. »ot , wort .bout hi. being 
Mr. Souiri 



bot ttitui;3ri^Vi^ th.ti. iinriiwi by th. «nphMU of th. 
o«a«. thToftm^^.??^- r*'^* »!>• rttlm. The *»tute, TTSoit 

««m«. 'n.ati;S'f'«^A.°^,ri'~* •^'~' *" »^* """f' 
o<tar".t X" ^- '^- ^"—^-Al-rt from lu. ar«t «t, thrt 1. n. 

Mr. SuLUTAir— The overt act it only evidaio*. 
m.4'foJ"r i!^- 1^'^'^^'"' ""^ «»«-«• ' »» -ith t««on 

Mr: &£!;• ^^^^^'t:^ not . tre«,n in it««, 
that "knowT *" "^^ ^'»»«»-'« it» IWe i. no .uthority for tl..t 
tnJ^n' ^^^^r"^ ""' J°"*^ "^t^ of » man can never be 

Now my lord., the neit caae I have to deal with i. Luneh; cue 

■■ of CLS*?.,'"'7f =""™'**«> "". i° 'act conunit«d out of S!%n 
com^t^'^o^t ; th^^*o?Tng1S*"* "^^ '■<* '^" •-«" - 

ca» • ii Z^^^~^k'* V^^*' '"• indictment charge, fn the pnMt 
ca«^,t durgw hun with adhering to the King',^!^ Z^kZ 



Appeal Proceedings. 



Ill 



"" s^ jsTd'^^'^P^*^ ^'^ ib.'tr. Sijsf^ 

ii eonimitted oaMd; it. Thit U ^ ISS ^StSiT'" th» ict of tnuw 

»nd you o»n try liim. ' ™« tn« Jooal wnue »ppU„ to what h» did 

Oourt mti.th..4.;^f?r^S'"''^'™°'"''"''*"'«°it'<>«'» 
right on my co^^o^^ TSL^^^tS;*' *^* '^•' ""'»» 'P-ion — 

«oi«t opinion wJLbtU I ^ ri»fc* "^"^ '^ ^'"^ eipn-iicn. Tto 
that th. M«i„t opiniSrrf.ower.,S^« "' oonrtnwtion of the *.tute 
«»" adWt. being withS ttfli^iSS^ T '^S'T '" *»- *»»* the 
Uw although you W^S.^ p^T^^rfi? "^A^ ^^^^ »* ~»m<» 
<*d law of v«ue where the oomnte^ rfSv!!?^ ' ^. """"' """l" the 
and comfort outmde the i«U^'^ °' *"* '*™* '»'. i° '««. giving .id 

.«J».nt'oJS *^'^^rnot^'"^'rJ!?*. *"'* -J"* ■^««» - «"> 
"ithm the realm, whi<S^ imDU« tt^.^^ adhering t<j the King', enemy 
"<* be in the reahn ^^ *^** "'^•"•'S «» «*• King", e^y ^ 

topuMt'^"-' '^''- ' '-• •"•y be .^ting my«af if I tried 

tt^^: "d'pM":.;„:rrpis r^a'^r .f^*- "-• -- *- 
-ife ':; z ^'-^ E^^^i^^"^^'- Se- 

'^"rt in 1903, 1 King-rS™"*'^ ^nT?*' "■ !"'*^^- In the 



Sir Roger Casement. 

-«j« w uu inu tliat r*« Kmt y. Taugkan wu not tn luthority on tliit 
^r-JBumr^-TlU Th. Kin, v. r<»,A«. ,„ not «, .„th„ritj 

fli.vpeU.nt w„ tried •id.^^f unt:!^,; ^ ^itt'Llr 

iu4dirL:i/!:ru."tir^t^: sr^- '■ '^ ~™' -^^ ^ - 



App/^ iroccedingg. 



■•"o of » putieular oom. ^ founUd upon » miMppiaboi- 

Mr. ScLUTAir — ^T« 

be«j,ut forward Mow ^^.^d Tw„ «^ fZ,*^' ^''"" **»» »>- 

»rgued. n,, Cburt there ime to til^L'l "^ J" "'' •l»l>or«tely 

/oontwitko *« wrong7^^iS,^,„r,-r°*''»''''' ">•* the defendant'; 

w. .n offence. L^ch w« oc^riZj £: !? .'^'*"** """ J*^ «• if it 

of the defenoe i, ri^t in Si ^XSjh * W. »nd if the aiKument 
V!0tjd^.nd the Cbm .Sight ni.'^±d"X.*^°""-'"™ ^^^''■ 
dMoloeed ether br the «»S»^^. -^^^ r"* "<> ">ff«nce had been 
;: «ot « rule, butTn ^Zt^^^r^t^"^"*'*-""'- '"'« 0,-t^ 
tbat the offence wa. di«l«ed^ ^T^ f'J^ "P?" t^ a«un,ptioD 

;; "ot"yfX5:7d;:7r75' '^-i' i* -1*;^^ «» -^ «..* the po^t ,a. 

formal ndpnent wa, pronoun,^ oL' tSTii- *-^''? " '" '"» *at no 
nrference to the «p^Ttte^i„ 10 iT*"""/ '* ^ ^ '<»«"> by 

sn 



Sir Roger Casement. 

" < £K!Jff^'."** *» "^ •'^'ly *^ them that the fwu ShM 

that wherwM- it vw dwie thi. w« an o«teS. in ^^^Mrt?A"^ 

" So^u'tbS:; Sn",^ SL^t,"™?"' 8^ "P^^ ^dSt- 

^n.'^s^iLt.^rth'f^^S iS-Ht = 

» <>Me which app«„ to'b. deSS^ Sly in »^ ^.1 Z?T 

m AraoMwr-GmKiui^At page 83 of the aeoond day 

«<>^P««g. I have m nund, but the Ie«™d Attoin^-General X 

«7. "^ToS^^if^SSr'^w' P!** «'- '*'«•« *• I«d Chief Iv^ 
•■ TW^Jr iJ^J- ^'^^^ *»• not bind ua. Mr SnlBraT- 

" in th« jjZfWj ^ ■. . ''*''8e 11. Hiat » aet out tn erdnjo 
" ^ii^r^?^ ""^u"' "f •' "^y 1"o*» frwa them, at page m Jfc 

wa. tte p,>und upoHC^rl^V^er "^^^ '^ '™«' ""' 1 

ir.- jZTw:!!^'^*- ' rfJ^' to open to your k-Ahip. 
trouble aSrL^^r^^AT*^*^ *° "^v™ **»' T^ ""^ "°« 



Appeal Proceedings. 

"I:^,'^T'''i-'*^in^J^Zr:TL^.^''' upon thU. 
amt to the oontnur. T-aTj^*. iJ'' "J^ *•"«" 1»" been ^ am 

AT017 Bud there wm. The Lorf fw T^- "^^ '*"«<• 'ri«d l*r. 

the arpunent that T-fe ^vJ^f ^""^J P«:«55» upon which you found 
»• r»Bs,Aa,, -""V "• -£»»«* WM decided «,Wy „pon ^X ffl^ 

*»t we can ,«^ j„ y^j^ Si^T^l Z^' ''^ » "o jSdgmeat 

e^i::^ <« thi. part of the X^Wi.^T *^*~ " "o i«Ct 

ol-erjafon. of the Urd ChiefTS^*tiit on^^^JIt^ interi»SS^ 

' Mr Jmnca BaAT-The Lordai.Tli^*."' "^^P^ to found it.^^ 

[ ^-raughan wa. a direct autSr ™ „„T^ 1."??*^°° «>»* ?'*<' «no 

I r.^^'-^-'^^-^^-'^v.^fp^SS^^.^-on'^t^^^^ 

J;r];;*ir^ °^^ij -^^^„^.. doe. it no, that if ri. Kin, 

^^» » ""thoritly, .nd M?7:^'~if ^i"*" "* "" ^™^ "^ 
mdiotaient vaa not framed UDon fhTli !?* . ? ™*> "R<«>d that the 

„ The indictment aU«g« ^at tWe'^^'*a'lr%"'' '*J'» o'P™** 
"iS? *fJ'*8« ^«>- upon the Urii^ JZ !?* "."'.V *» R«>«* 
„ Adnuralty and that being wiaUn ^ ^^J^ jnri«fiotion of the 
.. ^* " >««gue. off Deal, didX" ^ Sf*'*,'" »' «>« Admiralty, 
- I-i the King in the lip^*^ ^ SA'?^^-^^"^:;}? 

273 



Sir Roger Qiscment. 

■r. Mann ° ■ 

'• Mid Kim " S«. M^ IT' ' ., iS' ""* •""* *^ «>em7 of our 

" S«ion iL-JS^t I;±™'^,"^' '^f* "^y ^^o •»« • form d 
" ^aTi .i^TSTi- """^on law apsrt from the itatute That b I 

•• under i^^it^^ oh2^ nf^^ST^' ^ f,"* 3"!*" to be fran«d 
" rather a. T^" UwXf ',^""» *° *^» ?^ » """i". t»» 
"tou That iT-h^i tr n?f*^ S? *'*^'' <><»°nutted upon the hiehl 
•• rt Tha?^ ^ *''''"*^H "' ^<^'^. »»d I desire o^y to «Z I 

"authority U.S that S ^t'-^™l**? ' T ""' """P"*^ " " «« 

"lWi.LlS;^„ti3te oT^'J^'m^^ieT*'*?*?* l-*"^° 

Mr. Sdllitaij—iIib bm* „^^^?T' .^ ' ? *^* '''°'* objection. 

•• Mr A««»Zl _ ir "* obeervation of the Lord Chief Juatice ii. 

^Mr. Atton^y, ^ there any .uthoriti» you wid. to call Jur .JSjti™ 

the reJm of England. ^' *'* P'"* *l'^«d "" "i*!"" 

Mr Sm,'^»*" V ■ ^"""^-Did the indictment allepo it J 

Mr. jOTma Aiiw-The noond count ia levyine war. 
Mr.SuLUVAK-" Aa a fabe traitor," and ZZth The ii«t 




Appeal Proceedings. 



„ ^."'^J^. "Pon the hi^'lei,*^': fj ^^y- i» the «id Vth 

junadiotion of the Adi^u^'t^^^ » realm-" And within the 

^^7, "d trewhenS^ by f^L °™^"''. {*^'y. "naUoiou.^ 

, «beU and traitw. (to ihe ftnS. SSk^^^"™* ""'' •""«" »«»■ t^ 

Lord the King, preiiied d.C^J^ i ?T^' "" «8««»t our uid now 

junediotion of the AdnSlhT W^ ^ v*?* ""^^ »" ; that i, withi^h^ 
day. and that i. the «.«J;hv it wm ^Zr, Tk" J"'*? **» *"" » tho» 

Mr. ScLUViB—ThereMi'fw x" '^^ dominion., 

^thin the ,«ahn of ^Zd^i^tJ^"t.,*Z ,"* "o**"!- ««*- » wa. 
•oodd keep on quotingTairife, S^t^'"^^'' ~^° » ««*« da^-^ 
realm of England, .Sd the 2S™ 5^ ^STT^^^JT*" P""* ^ «»« 
wiUiin hie realm. There ig no J™,iJt^ were the caatlea of the Kinir 
»d, secondly, it i. 17 M^ L a ftl™ Tj^ «"> "<Jn> of Eng£df 
Alveratone appean to have^Zht T^*^ *™r"' "»» although Lorf 
««nmit*ed wtrf the rsllm ;??.'•* .'*" ""der 36 Hennr Tail „ 

"hy I It M not in the hn.1- „» "»™. K « tned under 28 Henrr VTTT 

^body of a cou"ty*L^4t°'i*irwlSin'"thl"'' T""* "' b^JS 
tned, not under 36 Henry VIII in rtJTc^^^J?*'"' >' « ao<Srdinriy 
28 Hem7 VIII. by the ap^i J (W^i^ .IK"?*' Bench, bat uX 
of the admiral and of ^Z^T^J^^' " ^'^ i"^^, 
Mr. hBTBM DiBUHo-I, thrj^^i^Sf^?'^ ponona. the iudm.. 

wrsl- ^^^'^ ' «°°^ •»» againrt you ** "'^^''^ "T* t^at 

-t^^ae^S^d^^ »^'v"i t' *^''-- '" - "^ i-<^- 

rtopped reading, .here ^' Lt& Ci' '"" "i^^below where^™ 

there Miy auihoritiee WHTwii ^ 3? "^' "'^ Attorney, ,« 

Attomey-General ««■, „.^^ to oaU our attentimi to»" -nJe 

I«rd Chief Juatioe i^ ..??'„"". 8reat maas of authority." Then t£l 

::^^^^^ '^"J,^;'„';^*^-"7.7ouJ.hto'^^ 

Attorney^,^^3r^^*':S."S?Sr±*^"^- ^ 
ra autnontiea, and at pag» lie. Sir 

2711 






,1 



■hMUna 



Sir Roger' Casement. 



o^pZ^^LlJ.^f^TfL^?'^^^ J *> »<* kno' of 4 
<^un- paaaag«a ot tne liord Chief Jiutice in The Kinn » r._.i * i 

tluit judgmant. At dscb 11 K i* «™ <«. j '?* ^- •'yn** to amend 

" again." TheS^i™ W JSl^*'/'S^ "^- J**""™* •""'ority 
CenLj „~ *? ? xT^i" '. """onoe to Hale, and then the AttorneT- 
M friK'r^v'^^'*-'" ij a me« matte, <rf tZrHiZtl, 
in<UrS6;™ and klL^^"* tS^ »,r**" "'S'"''' "^ on the 
priioner thm ttid "TuSlJ^J^ ^^,1' '"^- "" """""l 'or the 

ajthoHge^^^ ^hioh-^J:: ,J^- -^^-P^^ nT^wKt/^tJ 
^Mr. Joe™, DA««o-Supp<»e they did rdy upon t™,ty «.a««te 



Appeal Proceedings. 



d«i^n i. . good «*: tJl^ Zt "^Y^^.T^, '« B»-. the 

•ttention of the Court Tkf „ ^^ Jhonght might be £avn to tl4 

be<«Me the Cburt hS^U ^.S^^^ P?^ *° fO"'^'* the Court, 
to anything further he triZi t^Ef^^v^Pf"""' »»'» f>ey will lirte.^ 

Prown they ha»« no oiue tTiL %^ i P^"*. *■•• "^^^ 'nfo™ the 
m the opinion of thrSb^.T^iar « Z^*^?^*»'.'«f^ «» P^X"*^ 
The Sing v. rmwAooTrt nh iT^^ ^ o^tee-on of the Court goe. it 
jwt bound he™1^^'t^'t?^"»"«'°"i?'»t*ll- Imbmit^'.^ 

not itand aa a high autborihTif tfj! it ^ ^- ^**'* '* «>rtainly doe* 

r** y.B^ v. FauyAo,,,. ^ '■" "' *~»«» *«• not limited to 

ft^*^.I»a^ ^t.e^tS?'i^^S -^^"^^ 

Zyn.fifcj^'j'^^^ Hdof with ^garf to r^f*^ . 



Porhap, from their antecedent fXlr».^ P™^ '5'*^ "P «« mind. 



hindinj on tfe S^rt b^^"^ p^olL wT*^''^* '"^^^ 



a this point. It do^mJT^^y^J"^ "' *•» Cl>»»rt any 
nent y^rday/^yiJl^^ ^^ '^!fj ^'JJ.^" ri^ 



inrtner upon uub pomt. it doea onmo K.„i,' *"!■.•" ,"* "" """ any 

m my alignment yesterday Theg^ r f ""•' *^*' '' ' "«• right 

if it fouowed r<,^„ ''jf tJ:*Jl^k-^^* ""^^ ■* ""^giy <J«omS 

open r™^Aa», ll„,"eave tlS tt« Tf ^f^^'r?^ "«'» "» 
1 mtout, i. a bed authorityTor whe^lf f^i ""?*? »'«<;'*«»■ which, 
t«t-book., if thoee book, ^tehl^^ j^^Z^.*^" »"thori(y of th^ 
•vent, and I think n»^y,,^.°°^°^. ' "■'"nit it would fallln ere^ 
••gari to the matter. ^''*' ""^Py "» «"» »' the Court irS 

177 



1 



;i i 



V I 



Sir Roger Casement. 

Mr. SiOLiTA*— I will not turn bwik to tbi^ 

Tlere an, my lordi, s f«w nuitten that I may har* omitted W. 

^SLSf thal^^" ' '"^'" '^'7 *** "««d to that, bZLe^ 
ISTJ™j 15^ ' '" P™»«<>»d *e»iB*t. and that •ubMumUv it 

PJ~»«hng. agaiMt him are confirmed by Aot of ParliV^t ^ .™ 
oooltajjed to .U„d good a. a conviction S dvil Uw Si TfiU^^ 
l«^^w^ oonflm.. tn. aigmnent *.t I «idre«ed to your to,5iC^° 

«vU Uw iSSTetuLV™""-" ***" "' *'«-««'>° ''~™ '•etween 
Mr. SmjjjAM — No. 

.. thlft toTS.il to «;r?;^" :" not uncommon for .uch rtatufe. 

ct^^n^^g^rrSlta^t oTh^'"* -^ •^'^ --"' ^^^«"" 
«.. ¥'■ /"^'■. P^«"0-61yndwr', wbeUion wa* againat Henry IT 
iraa it not, and thia la a atatoto of 9 Henrr VI 1 ^^^ ' 

Mr. Sdlutak— Tee. ^ 

£■ S^.^T""^." 'T' 9"" Olynd"'. heir, at that timaf 
^^ Mr^SBLUTAK-At any ^ate. they had aulBcient influence with Parlil 

^^. Jcano DAB«o_They were good friend, of Heory VI., you m.7 

Mr. SoLUTis — ^Te». 
v^J^"^? DABum-I diould not wonder in the leu>t if they wen 
™7 good reUtion. of Henry VII. You wiU get to the hoi oFtX ' 

..„*.*(''■ i??:""?^^?'- """» Houae of Tudor had a knack of drawiM I 
unto it»lf diverging elemento in earlier yeare ^^^ ' 

lorfiiL «f!: °*^. ' ^!L '*,»'*'? """^ "P "'»* I have occupied your 

^^^^^r.^^^'^*^ wtoinirtration and the adminirtration of tti 
Ixxtoe of countMi, there could not have been and thera i. no exirtwo ' 



Appeal Proceedings. 



therefore the »tZto^b^d^^JT'^,r'fP^.o'''>^". «>d th.t 

vrhioh again could not te tried^Tiw i i° °'*T '"'. ' '""* »' »«»" 
it murt be borne in mind S.t^S^'^.tatte",^/^'™:''"" "' *^^**^'' 
M It i« incapable of workinir itaelf wt tJ^L !JLl^ the ground » far 
the commw, law. 1 ,uS ontte nl.^ ~jP"T f"* PWeodtne of 
read it to-day for the Ttt «iL if "^ •*?« "' "» ■*«*"*•. ■' *» 

nothing aboilt'^the JXlSn^' "^nS" ^T T" ^'"^ '»" 
ooDTey oleariy to hi* mind tw .i.TT^ ^''' '*' '* ^<»^ 

atatuto would only b—tte !^L^f V"* "J***?" »"«««' i" the 
ing to the r^tute if" 1W ^^ element of t„„h „„^. 

.»<>. one of theinT^d aj. pSaril^ th.?T"**l k'^"''" *'^ ««1°'; 
mitted within the realm akho^h^:i,? '* T?*"* "* P"'^*^ *" •» oom- 
hare taken place tuWdethe^''i,*5L"S£''?''»° »' tho o«onoe might 
That wa. a peouliarit^ whiKji™ •^'"^!'7" ''"■" »" «>« «*•• 
»»leg«i in the'^rtatite^ 7.uLvST.^*' it from the other matte™ 
and make it fit ^a the ooiS^ w^ 'T'"* "',*» "^t"*" *" *n 
jurivKction of the oSu.?r ZtZ ^^^^^S .1°"''' »»»"'•'■»'> ^ 
member of the Court to himaS inH^^V^ •** "P°™d«i by each 
and to form an opinio iTtha?S.^-2l? "*"^ " *" P*™" *^ •'«"•*«' 
•» if the atatute can^^nriW ^r^^^J^'' "^ •''?' *» «»7 «"i 
of any text-writer no mS*.^ i^ ?^ '° ""ordance with the opinion 

coneetion-you do not tod mv !«^ ♦ ."^8*'° ' 'P** "bject to 
to outride i»tteV., tte« aCtb^. J^r* "^ "P?*''"' "^^^ "8*^ 
28 Henry VIII Sat iTtll th!!?^ •*'?^'' ""*" «ib8equenfl7 to 

we«;Xde„in1?L»wSra,S?ar&„,*'/ *!"!. "'»° ^ 
find precedent-^pan tr^Cu,S^^^^°l^^^.^'^.*"^ 
nature of adhering where the adhwent ia ZTln tv ^. prooeedmg in the 
take place, entity iSiout (C^h,n-!i:!S? ^•'S*»r^*'"»'°»t«'"« 

mro' Anexa.^LrnorttecU^^^JLuntUT'A'l^''™'"?" *' 
the matter ia nev«- debated and .nhlniSSi ? TT • j *' '*^ '• ■^S™^ 

Hge.. mre "^r^ptTur^.^forK;' ?" "''^5> 
cation upon the meaning of the atatute^thrS,!!, .n'.k ™ " "" ■'^J"*" 

and Judicial pronounoeSMt u^n it * *" ""*" ^" •'*•"• ''«'»<» 

by thT-^'at'eltiJ^?" ' ^t^' *'^* ^'^^"'^ » ■">* *"»-"«' 
bjen conKi b/a^^Xtee^t'^^'^;'"- ^t ^^t^"^ "" 
Ifnch, and aocordinsly that the r™irt^,i,™L ? ," ^"* *"V ''• 

the atatute had S ^lly.'r ifr^^'-n" XT ^^^^ 



Sir Roger Casement. 

be. directed. I do not ^ I A^TffcuZ, TJ j!!* "i"'"^"" ""«** 
Mr. ISo;!^;^*' '>"™^''<' wilUrt Jou know if ,,'Zi ^ ^Tyoo. 

Hieir lordehipa ratirad. 

On reetmiing, 
AtJ^.'"""* D-'^^W. 1„T, no oocMion to t^ubl. r». Mr. 

Judgment 

™Um. th«t ieto It i^in 2? 'J?"*™" •'•"here than in the Kin^ 

HI., chapter S^li^t^Kv. " ^1"' ^ •*« *"*•.<•' 28 Edwerf 
" brfbw ttL time "wSt oLTSlJ^^'J'^*?! °P™™* '"'" •*« 
" the King, at tSe rwJ^ofUl J^!!?^ ijall be «id. and in what not; 

of Edwvd 111.. S Sr^liSriS?^„°^' .,'^ '; "■» •'"*"'» 

J«yi^ i~r .g;in,t tJ^llJglnrC^^fteLT. d^B^^^tr^ ^ 
only, aa hai often h—,^ ^ia j i V*™° "'«'• i" defined, beoauae it ii 
tre-oT I ^jTitf^ dedanng the conunon law, thi. partioiilar 

been pubUahed linTwroZw tfu^^.^ i". *^ 5?»I«tion which hu 
wcrt.'^.re th«,^^cSt^^^*T "'•** ^'"'«'' P"""*"- ""» 
«nd «> on, "Ota !^ SSLiT^ '*'^''» '" •«»'^ ti« King," 



Appeal Proceedings. 

tt« the worii iM^iki?^"w ^'^ the realm rf the KingT i^ 
mthie country unleee tbe Mnon^hJ, „« t?**^ '*''* «»ld be tried 

th» redm at the time bTn^ ^^^ fl«™any. w., him^lf within 
WM founded upon ^diffloStti whiA 1„^''.2^"'- ™* •^""""t 
of Tenne, that pecmie were^T^Jrw °?^ "^ '**'"« to the (foctrine 
»«»e could beVS»d^tt.ri/.^.^ "'^ "'^ <»^«'i«" »S*iK 
•nnrt be indi«t«i^^triJjt^ it rj^ *'^***» . crime in . «Z^ ^ 
«™ .««nrt th. King hrJStt tri^^^STnTi.*^, '^ •■• «»™it2d a 
•?!»» d comfort ».. ^ren^iS^ Sn^i^E.*" ""^ 5 "d that if the 
"de the realm be co3d notS ta!5 «{T° 1? ' J""™ 'wng then out- 
not within the Kin?, ?,^ . .^ *~»-^ 'oUowi, bec£»H wm 

Kmg*. Court. U aU for™C^hST^?' Sif?^'' "^b* tried in the 
the «d«d comfort in oSSLrut^X^^^IT'?; '^•r 'ken he g.™ 
"•In of the King. Itw^^dthtT^iS^ ■''*^7 ""deot within the 
wh», a «>..» hljritogJJ^o^d^Se^^ ~' "■?" "^ and • «« 
King', enemiee, end &d bemiSdf^ ^ ^1*° »"! ""d oomfort to the 
S«4 • oa« wSuld be diffiSTt i?^ "S"' the reelm and tried for rt! 
?«7t b, a ^^tZZ!^^ «»^ » the <«y«, of ,^. becau* % 
I 0,]] it an oiTenoe— if he didtkn^ .i ■ " "•• "^ » nian did commit it— 
i»pn*.ble thaThT;;^' tt^^SThtalS'/ """ f? ^^P^' i* » hi^ 
J«Jm where what he Ud^^^t^^^K^' ""^'^ within^ 
bo puniihed for it One w»M -^ m»«*gated, and y,biro he might 
them«lTe, in a portion wheTib«^^-,*^ l^J'" P~P'« "-^d ^ 
of ttem did. it Vm»^ Wl^fe^lt'"^^ be oh.^ . y^ „ P^ 
oomfort out.de the iSinf ^^^Tt j " *" S**^ "' «id uid 
•-hn, if they «me b«!k t i,^ w^*'!*^ 'o™*^ in«de the 
om» back with «>me evil int^tiraTich i^il^*"' *^ *'^<* '"'" 
the Kmg., death, „r doing wmShZ.' J^ . .^^^^ '"• oo>np«Ming 

with beug adherent to «Jm> k;^ JTII ' ™* oountty, and not ohamd 

with «»f~ch^Lt « ^^"2^-f?"*,^'^!?. butZlS 

oommrt there; it would be SmL.l3, b^. J^ 5"'f:' "^ »«" 
t-o o«ence. bad been oommittedTw^'C^^'J^^.j^" ^ 

MI 



I i| 



1^ ifUm futtt 



Sir Roger Casement. 



)wt»!l 4 • u *"•;. ."""J" ""^ " •>«• "o •PP«iJ upon tlw faoti U u 

r ^" .°* •^"•«' to tb» King'i cnemie* n hi* nalm. Kirinir to tlxn 
"t.d ud comfort m the nUm or aUwhe™," moLnTtSt W&Ui«J^ 
becauM it u the idherenoe which i, the offend ^3w mmt he bJT^I^' 
who being in thi. countrr. give, the .K'^JrtT^iSlX Tto 
»^untry, ,t ma^ be outaide of it. We agree thatTa ixmi^Lnl Z^^ 

*dnUt. tuS^Jf i» f King-, enemie,; we agree («,d Serieuit SuDivM 
toS. S^i • ' ■• '.^ *■"* ""^t^ ""^ he gire. aidand comfort 

«.^.. ^ •nemiee out«de thia countoj he i. aSierent to the^g" 
enemiMk But we think there ia another offence, and that the. m^ 
muat mm •omethms more than that. We thiii that ttTe iSLZTS 
^ "l^ " ^."' P^'S "^ ""i """rfort to the King'. en^T!^ m 

?fu?riSi. ^* " *^°> that if a m«, be «Ui.«nt to the King-.T^ZS 
m hi. realm by giTmit to them aid an.l Anin«».4 ;_ i.i. i_ ''iVTrr 



^^H JS.»^' King-, enem e. el«»here, that i. by rivi'ng to "em 
aid md comf(H|t elMwhere he i. equaUy adherent to the line'. ^e^« 
•nd If he 1. ulherent to the Kine^^ «iii,i«. th.n yZ Zt^^.l^'^l 



5^fK?^ a Tei7 good r«a«n i. to be found in thii. thU the wbteota 

iSS.*. Cr" •• ¥•'»*'»• King;-, hege whmver he may be, andbe ma; 
folate L. aUegianoe m a foreign country juat a. weU a, he m«y"ou2 

que.^o^'sI;i^r^l'l* ^■""^*' *^""^' P««5» «*• I P-t out of th. 
quertiOTi Serjeant Stdhvan'. argument a. to where the p^n could b. 
toed, whether ho oould be tried by Oommi-ion or tried bfcSnnriTou 3 
^.nd tenmner, or tried in the King'. Bench; but a'reXAooUM 
^mple of what allegiance may mean i. to be fomid in oJd^^ 

r^w^,^'"7i"" Vii ^"f *"" " ^' '"^ •' *^«'. 'hi* I th4« 
k^.^iL^\'*'fv°',r'?*","''"*' '«* "^"""d fro" thei; aUegiwioeTlhe, 
hjd a^«ed to tto Kmg', enemie.; being «capt»«d they WtitiS? 

S^S^l,i''J''«^'^' "do"' »' them. Oundi, wa.^out«i for hi^ 
to«-on, the other, were pardoned. That wa« beoauu he had Ti<^ted £• 

mght be out«de the King', dominion., and by which he wa. e™ tound 
^ he wa » pnaoner of war. Of comw, I do not oito that oaM to 
^mend it for ito humuuty or anything of that kind, but mendy to UT 
^, S*,' ^^'^ "^"^ J?' '* " P*'***ly good law, knd the only r«a»^ 
way It la not deouiTe of tiia ca«o u that it doe. not diqiow of thequetioo 



Appeal Proceedings. 

qtiMtion mut lum l^n di-L^ . iJ*. ""^ .'*^ *» "o*** that th» 

.Ut«»«t that y<«~ «^^ uSSo otn^'^'^n,-'^ •»•' ^^'^ 

" t«-o«. mivri«S.. lS?SZi^,^ .""""^ •?" -rt^° kind, of 

" Oi«e', dominion, cannrt b» a»Sm!iT^ of EngJMd and othw Hi. 
" of, heard, «,d det«Sd wiulTT? ^"'/^ thi. realm be nqm»a 
■• • Plwn »^edy,^S^^ d^U^t^^~1 *!*'? "" EnglanT For 
" it Maeted hw m^^tl /T^-"^ therwn to be had and made B. 

i>iin>f«oo. of traamu » o««13m« t? ^ ^ '~'° "^ •" t~Mon^ 
" Enriaid diallhTSv™^ S^^SLSf^" *!' P*^"' <»t of thi. ^Jtorf 

for. thi. trial wa. riSa, h^d U. tiil fen^fpl" ?" ^^^' ^««*' ■">•«>- 
•7 the appelant SntBJto^,2lr?? ?*'"''• P-^ided what wa. done 
III. wTw« .Sr™SiiSn1n^ ^Tl!l^ the^tute of Edwarf 
not depend, upon the oonSJ^l Jv^iT^*^' *",'^- Whether it wa* or 

be* way to conrtrue^mT iSSto WWI^- *^U?''1> "'' *^t » »h« 
who i. a judge ofX Kin^^R^ 7 ' '\i» "v""*"' '''®'»^t '»■• "iTbody 
the tatui of MwM^d lil^^^S^ *° ."' *»* ''• "^^ '<«■ «>« fi™t S 
it before. But iT u" k^rra'tfh^"\- ^S '?"•' »" ""^ "^ 
down ie altogether ^ alpUWo oJ., "'' ®*'^* ^"^^^ ■»'» 

thi.p^-'J^'uT.^VtSlnj::^? °' ^"'*"*"- •""'P'o- ". the™ i. 

"Optima ut feX'^^JL 'Li^^..'"" •'?'*«°P"»>7 auftority. 
given. •• Where L. Ww, "J^^"' "^ *^>' «'»tl'«>- «n«*im 1. 
" it iB, of oounT to be .S^ S ^^ .«»etn>ent or ^dioial deoi«on 




Sir Roger Casement. 

.. tH^ ™^ b> nn d« w too d in tb* mw in whioh It -ii^3«!tiii^ 

; and tb* 

««««rd th. opmMO of Lori Ook», the opinioD of jr^aM5LntHi.ii~ 

^^ -TToplLSL'Jlt^tnf tAlC."?^^- ^r-" 

^ri-iiij^iS^^^F'--^^^^^^^^ 

<i !^ ^ r* ««'•'»•••. a* aI«o for oomiwaiiiir tlu Kino'a Am,t\, — '«v..5 
«i the Gwni, how oomM it to be in our hand! 1 iwidirt ttL «* s! 

'• i^si*f f^- "'***"« *° *^ f'™^ >«». •nTtt«T«;.^srb. 

WE^^ ^TCrJd"""^ the«of.'^„d ifu'r^^fs^ 
tor^-Sii- ^■UjTw? • "»y""i— » "»"» to be mrerenoed in legal hi> 

„ ™^r and in what pl«>e high t«.«« doneVof 'the .SSL 4^^ ta 

:;n^^wf:rtinnruKn'r^/'„^rC5^^ 



' waj of indiotment in 



Appeal I\.jceedmgf. 



~-»«J^ douteJTbS STtlT^ JSii^'^ -«»r '» -«««>» b. 
MUUK b. iiugJMd thu MTofcl »»^;ii*^"** ~y «r otW; for It 

•' p^iu, M it murt h^Hti 5 it Z;?^"- *??" ■* »>«>"y ™ 
trrit. i'ti^JIKi^lSSiWi't'S Sv^ «^S^ 

1 mwtioiMd jmMtTuSTS^UkT^ ■ * ■ •"•«** «n thii OM.. 
H.1. «d »? ft^^5i;te-"CJ^/\*^''' «» W' "•ST 

nyort^m A,t Tolum, o£ flnxterio J^J ftsS^J?' ^''^ '" "><>. "d 

wUr. Chirf Jurtic DiUlM himSTL^ BinghMa , Hfx^ ,t pw, 570 

««" tut w, mm. J«i to r^u~<Stf« 'HS^y*';' T' *^- ^"ri 

book" upoo tlie tubjwt " It -Z!ZT^' "'•«'"» *l>»t we can in the 

.uuioriti.. j7flndViJt;;u^Cs,tLii:;;i,*~'' ^ ^^ •» th*^ 

"to be tiMted lightirU niV^ ^t "^ "■•• ^'J*"* H«wkiii."t^ 
H«we,„„bH,^'2;,j"^^rb» without eny .utoority wUtow" 

R^'- ," With i::^'^TBL Tt r :ifi^ "^-t themX. 
whom I am now »ddreMin» •■ fl • ' "f ""xUm* to nmind thm 

!«. Mid, th«t wh»t wi. ,^ kZl"'?**!"' th«t penon, of wWit 

kn« better thw'^^^^'^ '^^^ """J "dth.t whu he kneV.^ 
•■!!l*^»^.*"«'- S^geenT^wTi^ « 1^°^ or followed him. 

•« book* which are in the huid «nd^ !» '" ?'• ""thority. •me., 

r?^™lto 00 eT«7 oooZriSTof^iii'!!*'' "f -^ "•.'T*'. and'oon,t.SS? 

the* book.; Md 1 i^orooLiZ^ ■ ' '?'"'• therefore, look tb 
::^ntere of U.e ^^^^ -^t^ «dV^Siof^ ^ 

a., authority end lei^ng rf W^/'T^"' •!"»'?<*•» lightly of 

ifri Coke were in a noeition ♦« .^I_*^v r*^ »™ hi» luoceMora If 
tt»t they hvi ente^d*^^ ^r^Z^ '* T^ I« "^7 'ouM »gret 

m»d M a great autUrity in thew^nrt. 7,- » • • ••• •■" "^en reoog- 

then perhap. in the wiLZ 1^ ^^l'""^ «ntune,, «„d nowhere i^ 
h~ther AtS. inV^Vo^lal^,^^i^ ■*»<», which I owe to^ 
«*PTf..r»«» 296, in the,^ jslrf" i t^\T1^ " " Bi"8tam', 

fon - oo^ot. but it wiu ^:it^:ztx;^:i^^^^ 



Sir Roger Casement. 



■r. Jotttw BirilBi 

'■ to oam th»( are nli«d on on the other aide; it appean to me tiiat Ihe 
referepoe wai not made by Lord Coke, but that it baa been introduced by 
aome ignorut editor, who fancied «>metbing oHiflrmatorr of the opinio^ 
in toke. lie fact «, Lord Coke had no authority for what he ati^ 

!nr .n We.taun.ter HaU if what Lord dke .ay., without «itbcrity. k 

not law He waa one of the moat eminent lawyen that erer pranded 

a. a judge in any Qmrt of juatice, and what ia aaid by auoh a penwn 

„ 'V?"" •Jioenof of what the law ia, particularly when it ia in oonfMniity 

^th juatice and common wnae." Thcwe are the worda of Chief Juatice 

If one wanted an opinion of a peraon who wa. not a lawyer, one with 
whom I dare aay Serjeant Sullivan, at all event., ia perfectly familiar, it i« 
where thia aame Lord Coke ia alluded to by John Milton aa one who— 

On thB Kojtal Benoh 

Of Brituh Theinii, with no mean appkuM, 

nononnoMl, and in hii voInniM Uught our Uwi, 

WUoh othara at their lar too oftan wrench. 

Itere are other authinitiea who understood thia matter in preoiiiely the 
aame way, not authontiea aa great aa Lord Coke, but it i« worth while, 
1 tninJc, to ahow what waa the vtdume of opinion during agea when lawveie 
were oon«dering thia particuUr matter. ITiere ia a treatiae, not perhap. 
voiy commonly known— I referred to it yeaterday— by Mr. Ferdinand 
l-ulton, a barrater of Lincohi'. Inn, and the particular copy I am readinir 
from waa puUiahed in 1609. He aay«, " Theae view, in ooUected out 
of the report, of the common lawa of thia realm, and of the .tatute. in 
force, and out of the painful work, of the reverend judge.," mentioning 

*.«'p5 J???? ■■ ^! ?"**«*• "^^ *«»«» •'T *• "^ otatute of 
„ ~ Mward III. It 1. declared to be high treaaon to levy war against the 
^^ King in turn realm, or to be adherent to hi. enemiea, aiding them in hia 
^ _ realm or ebewheie ; th«««f ore if a nibjeot bom of the realm being beyond 
,, ™ ••" doth practice with a prince or governor of another oountry to 
_ invade thia realm with great power, and do declare where, how, and by 
^^ what meana the uivaaion toay beat be made, it ia hi^ treaaon ; for as 

.. i?^*?"? . 8^* P**"" """"^ **. •>»' »' likelihood it wiU tend to 
__ the dertructjon of great peril of the King and hurt to the reahn : more- 
., r'^\ *"* '"° o*«"J" •»*•> manifeated himaelf to be adherent to the 
^_ King", enemy and to aid him with hie counad, though not in the reahn, 
« ^'* e^'foere, end thia offence ehall be tried in the King'a Bench, or 
^_ daewhero, befcoe auoh Commiwiwiera, and in auch county, aa the King 
^ oMninwaion ahall appoint, according to the atatute of 35 Henir 
' VIII., chapter 2." 

A much more modem writer waa of the aame opinion. Sir Jame. Rti- 

jamea Stephen. In hi. Digeat of the CHminal Law he aaya, " Every one 

ooinmit. high treaaon who. either in the reabn or without it, activelj 

aaaiat. a publio enemy at war with the King." 

A valuaUe opinion to the aame effect waa given in the year 1776 and 

'*.'T IS'f^-*?' .'"'* ""^ •* '"""^ " ArchboM at page 103S, where thia i» 

aaid. In 1776 the law officer. (Oluriow, A.G., and Wedderiwm, S.G.) had 

been mforaoed that m 13 Anne an Act againat high tzea»n had bam 

S88 



Appeal Proceedings. 



" Oounoa in IuST^ it ™f co^td^ »tf '" ^""•"•d by Order *in 
" at p««Dt exirtiigTor tte toT^n *^«" *« «> !»" of that proTinw 

" high ttMwn oommiSBdT Nel j£^- ^"^ '«"'»' P«^" *>■■ 

" • ooortitate Z. off^rf S^SSTn^^ "^ ' ^"J?"""? I*P*>tu« to 

being adherent, or whatoTHo^tt^JL * ^f"^" *•«* ownmitted it by 
realm. That i, a dSf^™^! *TT ^^- '^ ''*"" the King-, 
that i. a,e opi^iA rf ^^ ™ch"aw rffl±~'7 "^J^'n^ «"«'• ■»-> 
Loughborough. abwiSJv o<^„«^r* .^ "• ?*"' '^'^''"' ""1 ^ori 
«p4»ing Way '^ ««>«nant to the opinion which thi. Court i« 

which' i^ri^lt^.TjJ^Z^J^^" *» S"-"? *o tJ-" P-^graph to 
noticed that no «tt»« ww!^J • Y^I^r- 1* r«8» 1^8, but it i« to be 

which SerjeLTsfctrSXi'v^ th^wt",*^.?**" ^I*" «■» ""^ 
of treasonVaiat i., tte To^^' T^hf "Y".?'^"' particular definition 
"It waa fte anci'kt opi^^^ a.^t" rt" "»'?•''•>«««« what i, „id i., 
;> 28 Edward III XpCs^ a^eSS':; l*??"." ''"'''! """'*•. 
■• be tried, before th4 atatato 36 H™„Tii^ ?'*.^'°/' «>e™«. might 
"dom, by the rul« of tte «>m„^!T ^I ' ^^P**' ^' '"l"™ «>» Wng- 
"aflwdJwith^t ttl\SL^?°™» **'' *««^ *h« "d "od comfort wL 

which ha. beeTqueSd bT&Sl^htr* "Y r\« -*""* <«• 
we are of opmoj tiat ttere i,~Srff „;*^ ^;!'/""S'y '<"• **« ™»<» *»»* 
the Qwrt indubitaWy ca^to it^C*""""*? '« *»>? cocluaion to which 

the dedaiona ^f^'iC^itZ rf iTiaZL' 2."^°^W^,*t "* '<"«"' " 
•B giving ti>e judgment of thi, ^St*^'* '"^*^ *» '''^ ' l"*™ -^f^n^d 
It only remaina to aay that the appeal ia dinniaied 

oL^, »iiti.?«^4"tiarmor.'S;tr^'™ "^ ^'-^ ""^^^ 



ar 



APPENDIX I. 



PRINT OF PBODUCTIONS IN TBIAL 



INDEX TO EXHIBira. 



Kaabvof 



1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 

S. 

& 

7. 
8. 
9. 

la 
II. 

la 

14. 

IS. 

It. 

n. 

18. 
18. 

ao. 

21. 
21. 
S3. 
24. 

s». 

2*. 

27. 
28. 
2». 
30. 
11. 
K. 



Wunot d*i«l ijth M.y, 1918. 

Cow birth owtMct. of RogM. D,vid CM«m«it. 

Photogmplu of Hodi at CimgluiM. 

Plutognph of » boat. 

0>ggar. 

Tis ba. 

Thm nrolnn. 

A iMtkar bag. 

BkokbH- 

LMtherbag. 

Tbrat life-baltK 

Fkpor In wUoh nnngi mt Ibniid. 

Fapor foond on Sir R. Ouemant. 

Paper found In Bzhibit 12. 

Two piaow of papor (Code). 

OvanioaL 

Orarooat. 

Ororooat. 

Four ahaata of notapivar faand on BUIaT 

Mapa. '' 

Liat of mapa foond. 

Rifle. 

Brokan lifla bntta. 

Bayonet aaaa. 

Cartridge in olip. 

Copy oartUloata of Urtli of Suiial JaUan Bailor 

8M«n.at of UMUal Julian Bailey, 23rd April, 1918 

Tloke^ Berlin to WnhetaihaTen. 

Letter from Rogw Caaament to Sir Edward Om. J^t^ .luu t 

Offioial kiatory of Sir Rogar r---" "' *^ "* ^">'- »"• 



Sir Roger Casement. 



EXHIBIT I. 



I8 



TH» MmonuTAir Fouoi Dirbiot. 



To M«h ««i ril ol th. Con.t.W« of the MtmpoUtan PoUo. Pmm_ 



Dttad th* 13th day of H*j, igit. 



(9l Stamp.) 



John Diotosoh. 
(8«L) 
On. of th* IhgirtntM oi th« Folioe 
Conrte of tho Motropolii. 



On bMk. - 
I»»P«tor Fwkor ii to «Mnt« tUi wunat. 



Ftefontion. 
1S.S.I8. 



P. Qimnr, 
Snpotfaitudut. 



SM 



Appendix I. 



the 
And 



a 



U 




Sir Roger Casement. 



BXHIBIT S. 

^imMmwn jo m Lomow OjLotn of Tomur, m 4th or Aoarar, 1114, 
oonuina KomnoATioii tbat a mAn or Wab ixon unmic KiiaLAn 
Aim OOUUHT. 



EXHIBIT 4. 



H«» fa a obAiioe lor you to fight for Irelud I 

You hkro fonght for Bnghnd, your oonntry*! hntdltuy mmj. 

Tou iiATo fonght for Bolglnm, In England'! iatmrt, though it wh no man 
to yon than tho Fiji Idandi I 

Aro yon willing to fight for your own eonntty! 

With a Ti<w to Mooring the National Fnodom of Inland, with the moral and 
material aeaiitanee of the Oeiman OoTemment, an Iriah Brigade fa being fonnad. 

The objeet of the IrUh Brigade ahaU be to fight tolely the oanae of Ireland, and 
noder no oiromnatanoea ihaU it be directed to any Oennan end. 

The Iriih Brigade ohaU be formed and ihaU fight nnder the Irioh flag alone; the 
men ihall wear a ipeclal, diatinotlTely Irlih nniform and ban Iriah olBeera. 

The Irbh Brigade ihaU he olothed, fed, and effidently equipped with anna and 
aomnntUon l>y the Oerman OoTemment. It will be lUtioned near Berlin, and be 
tnated ae gneate of the German Oorerament. 

At the end of the war the German GoTemmant ondertakee to aend eaoh member 
of the Brigade, who may ao deein it, to the United Statea of America, with neociHry 
meaaa to land. The Iriihmen in Amerioa an ooUacting money for the Brigade. Thaw 
iMi who do not join the Iriah Brigade wiU be nmored from Limborg and dirtribntad 
among other oampe. 

If inteneted, aoa yoor company commandera. 

Join the Iriah Brigade and win Inland'e indapendenoe I 

Remember Baohelor'a Walk I 

God laTe Ireland I 



EXHIBIT 22. 

Foim SaiiTB or NonrAriB iookd ok Bailiy, oh am or which n witrik— 

Ciatle, near Tnlae, ia quite • quaint old Iriah atniotnn of atone. 



Appendix I. 



EXHIBIT 23. 
Two Mm or Ibhaiid, uoh oot nr tomam Bmmom. 



EXHIBIT 24. 
Maps Voskd. 



SMtion 1, mtrkad TROT. 
2. „ FOTLK. 



SMthm «, mukad OALWAY. 



4, 
S. 

e, 

7, 



STRANGFOSD. 

NEAOH. 

DONSOAL. 

BLACK80D. 

OLBW. 



». 
10, 
II. 
12, 
18, 
1«, 



DUBLIN. 

WBXIORD. 

LIMERICK. 

TRALEE. 

KXmiARE. 

CORK. 



wy^^Jr? «« on. ol th. S«ttau. Na U, ,pp«r th. «gu«. »d wort, b. 



1. noy. 

2. Fojrb. 

3. Btnngford. 

4. N«*gli. 

5. DonagaL 



S. BUokud. 
7. Clew, 
a Oalway. 
9. OnbUn. 
10. Wexford. 



11. Limerkk. 
12 Tnlee. 
13' Kenmare. 
14. Cork. 



Sir Roger CaMuent. 



I 



1^ 



ii 



4 



II 



K 



1! 



i 



ill 



I! s 



^W 



|i|i 



fil 



IP 



If 



d 



f 



I 



I 






J I 



I 



I 



il 



^ :S 



-iii: 



11 



U U 



Appendix I. 



SXHIBIT SO. 
*«""»» or DuoL Jcittjr Bioct taka I9 D. 
•• «W AfcU. ma. 



BriMM tt Abli«r<lonv 



w*t.itab.„ ^~ ;;^*??«^- Tw «»" took « Witt tt. ,4b, 

-a tk- «t ^t. wr^ttSi^jri'^lLS:::;*^^ "^^ 

or man, ud wh tt« tik— t» il» fc^JiTi^r: >«••"»* tkm for . wMk 

tk.ttm«M(OM«,«t.M«Jwr^ iiJi^J^' • "' <»« to door ««i 
«»U« ■d'gTSl^ I^., WiSJl;^"' "1~'"» Zoologi-l^SrdL 
Tl"" w. bo«wTM«.d .^ —J^i^T"."^* " «ooM«t. to HdlgoUnd. 

LTSLi^v VT "" «°'^' •»' "tin got no inrtmoUoni I «U.-Ll_r^ 
>>«r IMw, tt.t it WH in oonoMtion with th. Vnh,,Z_^ g»tkmd, wk«i 

io - »-. « tk., ««H, low^dttT ^„r, ^f^**" »0'«™«t. Th^ rt«nrf 

k.w «biuid, ud I wu ord««d ^iLIr.r ^ "^ "mnmlUoii, fto., wkidi jo. 

tOWrf.ML~ „^^t,.Vr^ ta tk. Bri tk. boot OTWtOPMd «id w. h«i 

w.-o~..p.s,.o,kT:j^ ^^^o'r^toS:sr«:r;r:s 



Sir Roger Casement. 

fh . , . , • *"*• "•*• "•» «M» hmd bMo uniisHl br Sir Ron, 

Mi. S...1. ..J .T^ ^ »»•*•. W« Uwn mnt on, ud tka o«r ataniMd. 

mTtafi^. !Z!^. . 'f^ ""y l>«t ■»• out of th. o« th.7 .id nothin. to 

-nnUmLTlJ "1»»«.« I «T«h«rd oon,.n»tion from tin., to tl.« th.t . 
«»U Wiljon Un« wu to b. pilot«l from Vait Pi«. a l«d j» 000^ Irith 

::t,L."::r.t£ ^:^j ^^ '*"• «- •« o-oun. «,«, , .^ 

I lanrt tlirt DnUin CMtl. wh to b. nld«]. 



(Signod) 



D. JcLUH BuLIT, 

!23rd April, 1916. 



SM 



Appendix I. 



KXHIBIT SI. 



!*• 8»«7, DNku, Back!, 
IMi Juw, IMl. 



""O" of a knlStto^ "^ "^ '"" '"•"UMiKUttoo t. «»f„ npco w U» 

I w««Id U« tluLi ITi T^^ "" ^""^ <«0M to m. by HU M*J«tT 

I un, Dmt Sir iMwuil, 

Yoort llDOmly, 

RoonCmnn. 



EXHIBIT 33. 
0»m«»iiT, Sm Koon, C.M.O. 

7-t from DramlNir »1. 190* • »™i L ^ .t* ^ ;, ' *Kioiid«d tor od. 

f^"; ill £^£^ r"£=^;5^T-'^ " 

Fh)in IDOS to 101« «» — i ^ TT^ to Sir R. ChHment, Deoombw 2, 1911 
■»^g o»tid. iaqoiri* rltlv. to th. nbtar tod™^,^t. '^ <i. J««ro to 

en 



Sir Roger Casement. 



APPENDIX II. 



PETmOKS ON BEHALF OF BOOEH OASBMBNT. 

A Pmioii w m, ftuni Mmm. on amtu » Boon Ounon 
Bj Sib AanivB Onmi Doiu. 
To tk« Rran Hon. H. H. Anomm, 
Prim Mlalatw. 

fa«H«M, l«,«-lon thnrngh,,* th. Empi« «dXo.d. «»«»*•• "»« 

u...28:Ln3::s::fo7r ruir T'^nir-^ttitJ' "• 

•nt n r in th« mmr of th. w„^i. w . 7 '•««■ of tho Sooth wtn 

-d^L^.^j'ehru^.-^f^.ts'j:,' ^tUTd^tT rti""- 

•nn. ud iDllet.1 .normoo. Io»« ooon h™ V^T.u . '^'"'•■^ t^'" "P 

::iiTh^r.^-rs.i:?~"rS"- 

■uoo •Mraod to to impuablo hu now bou happily honM otw 

th. Z^i«Z^^ZTu2^^ ""* '"" "'' '^'' ^°""°« "" •«-"•"' """ 

W. an, Sir, 

7oar ob«U«it iwruti, 

•t th. Unlnnitjr of Ounbrldn. 



Appendix II. 



Huou Baain. 
Amou Bnnn. 
Roman BuKimas, 
MunaiAn Boiri, 

n . I < .M. 

The !■>.. 7,. r OAinnu. 

ihi K«T. Joii.. -jrroBo. 

I'DWmji i>,PDl, 

V/ru.nji (: ooK . 

air l'R...i(i.i D<iwn (9 ud t). 

•M Ae HBH Cuir»M Doru. 

3ottH iMi 'KKtns. 

"' lAua <: Fuua. 

^■.. RlRhi Hon. Sir Bdwabp Fbt, O.CB 

JOHH auawanuT. 

A. O. Oabmiiib. 

Ama a Qoaai, 

b. P. Ooooa. 

HADmoi HlWLRT. 

Siua K. BocEiKo. 

Th. IUt. RoiUT r. HoKtox. 

Jnom K. JnoMi, 

Joax Hionaa. 

H. W. MiMnoaAM. 

Sir Wnxua Ronanoi » ,oou. 

Sir Stdhit Ounoi. 

J- r. Boow, Bditor, 7%. Miuidutter OmmUn. 

vUUfllrT SaOMKB. 

Bm Tiuan. 

BuTaioi Wus. 

SiDBIT Wra. 

Th« Right R.T. th« Buaor or Wwobmtiil 

bun. Zaxowill. 



Biuwell'» HoM, 
DobliD, 16tli July, IMd. 

It i. aot p,op«d „ pr.p„ „yn,onrt,r j-tition .t p,««,t, to UJ.a»tt.r„ 

am 



Sir Roger Casement. 

l«~ti»rtJtiondH»ldgofon«rdiriA™u.^^L V "^ W« l»»P<» «»t tht 
J-opI. «* ».U or inlbJLT^^ ^ If^^, """•« ^ -«™«»~-tl.« of 
«'»™>tar ud pnvut tk. n.™-^. ^ TU» wiU giro it , wpmu dlitiiict 



Yonn laithdilly. 



CommittM— 
Bt. R«T. Momignor A. Rju. 
Dr. Hyde, LLD. 
R». Matthew MaoOaire. 
Colonel Moore, 
V. Allen, Klq. 
I*n« Sherlook, a,.. Ute Lord Meyor, Dublin. 



Mauuoi HOORI. 
AOIIW OTAKRMU.J. 

Mn. Button. 
Mn. O'NoUn. 
Mta OlWelly. 
Mile Young. 



The humble petition of the nndenigned ehoweth- 

'it.-t-p„ru-;^--"----^Cn:^ 

«.«.t. ^Z^!^ih2LZ^r ""^ "• """"^ " '^ '"eir tr«t- 

ae,i.i,u.on,'^ir:;:ti'™;^i':,L'".:d"z;::7S"r ir'^n 

into erery eoraer at Irelmnd. dirtnote, hare been ipreKl 



Appendix II. 

diffloUtt- V, ««. Jwhid, it i. ta Lo ^^;;;lb,l"" Oo«™.„t ,U1 h.« n.w 
work m th. Congo J^f^ H^ .^^ "^ "■•«;:»'" «d hu™rit, b, hi. 
up«t hi. JmlgoiMt "• " '*~ y~" •«• """k "igW ~«l7 <ii.tr«t Id. mind «d 
U ju.tifi«I by .bid«t ^«d«r^ ■' "'"""^ "•" ■^'" » "Old 

-.e^.^ZtS^ir^Ro^^r'''"^"'"**''''™-'-"''^''''^'''"-. 



To tb. R.OHT Ho»ou«.Ln H. H. A«,c™. K.C., M.P., Pri„. Minirtor. 

^j; c. o.«t ^'^-^TZ-^LZ:: T^C^LTJIX 

poinu «. ,bich yon n..y d-ir. inform.^ :^tott"...tarf1^Zr^~ ""^^ *° 

th.d.t.rr.nt.ir^t'oft^y^ntl^.t^'^r^jr^-^ij.r'r''''*''"^ 
f»r. n-d tronbl. yon with no .pology for tr«.ting tb.7«d.ion „ o^'Ti J^" 

wb.t Cuenunt wu dri.in. .t „„» j^ . '7 ^^ ^" *" '"''*°<' y»" toqniKd 



Sir Roger Casement. 

tawondUblM. Th. OM«n.natM In JV„ "■0"-n«.t I. not . «Jid phriwu of 

b«»n«of th.poU.y„f totiodd.tiooroP^I.rS.ld?.!!;"!''*''''' " " "*~"^ 
M«w.ll. Th. wing of th. n.ndul™ nS ™f, . i , IT"' '"^Pt"" >V 0<™nU 

d«i.ivc Th. N.tionrii.tro«m«tTl^,^ K?'"'*'"'''*- «■■' " «« not b«, 

^_i»dn«nd„c..™,.hort'"Cr^rrrL*^""*''-''-''p- 



mItmc 



.ttMh th. I« wdgbt on lh« «l,ont^rr^ " , '"'"'*■ *■" y- '^ •«*? 
by » .too.™ d„i,. for „ an.n.SZ^^uL°?r„ "•'™"'""»' ""'"' " l»™.pt.d 

W. u.. Sir, 

Yonr obwUnt Swrutt, 



S*«t«7 of But. for th. Horn. Dq«tm«.t. 

"•«tly PMMd opxo W oJTmt^ t^f „fc J^ "ml«lon of th. «pitri «nt«.o. 
!-titlon to «k tlit U. workTZif^f i^h tr ^«\''-™- W. d«i„ to tU. 

J.O. th. tribnf paid to M^oThrL^mt ""T ''•",«'"• W. b.g to ,«=.« t. 
Hon«ofLord.oiT.3«lia^y IS« ^J^'^^-f'"' ""■ »-"» I««lown. to th. 
for Pordgn A&i„) ..iil '' '**• '^ Wt.in.an.. (th.n Und„.S«r.t.ry of SUt. 

-n ti^o^ poVii. ofli';<?rndtid'^h''ir.'::i'°*ir r™":**- "■' "- """i*"' ^ 

Afric. hu to .noounfr H.Td ™!1 ^ '"^ *" '''' '» «» ■■*•'«" "f 

bom th. obj«t of n>*ny nni„.t .tt«k.' .^d I «*""*r° "*"«" C"""") •»• 

-.e f«i.g. o, .u'aj :.:r7%r.hTh':^r 'Mr-^unr 



Appendix II, 

""• 1« .Imdy M«»|^' •'^^ '"'^ "^o" «•««»« with which hi, 
Th.il.^«.o,L««l<«..„pp.rt«ithi.Wb«..,nth.f.n.w,,g,.,^,_ 
Mr. OM«.^t', report owUiiUy hJ^J^tnT^, """""'"y «" d<»«rT«i. 

-^whi.,,.,^^,.,/j;--;:!rL"r-^^r,rr:u^r^ 
"«^^'^Z'^^';L:z::r','" -^'^^^^ both th« ch.^ 

mitigmtion of th. mflWog. iofliot«i own 1^ h "°~ "' "" """ • '"«• 

no o« w« th. «id.„„'»our«i by^t (LZm '. J 'T'"^ Co.nmitt«.. .nd ta 
W. b.U.v. it will „„t U ooft-S ,Sn. ^"* '" "y "y »'»'•"'• 

«.«o-.hii.„d,o™.«..^„,i.jsr:.Ti7„rrti,:it^t!:« 

W. h*\re th. honoar to bs, Sir, 

Your mart obMliont humU. BtnuitM, 



To 



S.' ^Z f™"^" =■ H- A.^™. ILU, M.P., Prim. Mi,Urt.r 
Th. R.OB, HoNorKUL. H. L. Bauvml. M.P.. Horn. 8««t„y 

wl ^^ ^ '^' ''" -^"- '" l" '-ta"" >■- "ot «k.d it 

r.:i:.zror:hX hr.r::.r.^r ^r ^^^^ 

much hs mav ban ont™.^ .!...• *^ ' '"' "'"' ""wifmc. olnr. Bow.«.r 

.oy-tyt.o.:..'t'^°;::;rjro^"^°''"_^^p;^o'p'«^ 

n«our of th. .rinrfn.1 Uw Jfin.t mcT.r^ -^ T* " "^"^ '" P"" **• «'»<-» 



Sir Roger Casement. 



■* lMg» ud (rowiiw aunbn of tri«ii «_ ■ 

•tood in BngUnd. ' 'Tt^J whieh hw b«m bwo ga,„^j ,^^ 

I«l^ ^XSL'^pST*^"""' 'T "" -*"**«^ <»*•' W grown In 
Wh. i. now in d«,., of h«»mi„g dZ^^ =^ K»V^ «t»ng.n..„t of th. two 
U-t ,«, ta,p..rtJ. fifty 7.«.C^ Vrtl^ °". t «"' "*' •P~51n w^ 

twmhling i. tlM UlMoe, ^I „ \„lai^^S **" '"^8 ''«'°«1>' 'bout i. now 

U..Xr -'• •' '"""'■'^ •«• I»^ « Pr.. U-t th.t .x^ntion n-y not 
Wo lun the honour to be. Sin, 

Sour nuMt ab«U.at hnmble Semste, 



"""olniiiBa 
Hn<l<MUii|> 
ophoU Iriih 

Buioa. 



1 tha bw wd 
*ln to b* th* 
'okn Brown'a 
idown, 
■PMtfortlM 
inUjundw. 

— gnwn In 
Jle point ol 
of tha two 
nplata than 
•d In irayt 
pa in both 
reland and 
>nt ia noir 
wot wonld 
xtant that 



n m*7nat