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XXIV —New. Series.—No. 48. SATURDAY, JANUARY. 25, 1879. R> ' 

P U B LI S H E D EVE RY SATURDAY MORNIN G._ 


WEEKLY REVIEW. 


—The article headed K National Delin¬ 
quencies” fonnd among onr Selections, was 
sent us from home many months ago, and 
disappeared from sight in the chaos of an 
editor’s table. Onr friend is very' fully 
emancipated from the modem conventional¬ 
ism of which he speaks, and has a military 
sternness of expression that is rather trying, 
to the nerves of peace-loving people.. There 
can be no question as to the greatness of the 
evils denounced by him, and looking at the 
matter abstractly it appears as though, a cor¬ 
responding force of expression werexlemand- 
cd. Yet possibly they who are responsible 
for the correction of the matter, are more 
likely to be. won to See their “responsibility by 
a somewhat less denunciatory style. For 
our own part we‘find reason to. believe that 
then* is rnueh to condemn in all nations-. 'It. 
is true that we expect more from nations 
like England than from pthers in which the 
light of Christianity is less diffused. En¬ 
gland’s history makes mention of so many” 
noble deeds and self-sacrificing acts, such 
as the millions expended hi conferring 
liberty on the slaves in her possessions, that 
we naturally ^ook for generosity, and are 
shocked at measures that make light of the 
interests of others. 

—The chief officer and chief engineer of 
the Str. Gyenu* caught a native who had 
come on board for some purpose, by the neck ! 
and feet and threw him overboard, in the 
Kooghly. The vessel was moving at the 
time. Not many persons thrown into that 
rapid stream would come out of it alive, but 
the man knew how to swim and kept afloat j 
until some vessel picked him up. The gentle¬ 
men who engaged in this were fined Rs. 100 
each, A much more severe punishment 
might well have been inflicted. 

—We have marked for transfer to our 
columns an article on Religious Education 
by the Editor of the Indian Mirror \ and 
would be very glad if they who are re- I 
sponsible for our system of public instruction ' 
would receive the testimony of one whose op¬ 
portunities of :knowing the actual, effects 
of the instruction, given in the Government 
schools, are better than those which English¬ 
men in India generally enjoy. He does not 
hesitate to say that tlm education given is 
worthless. It fills the mind with ideas with¬ 
out giving the power to use them, and very 
effectually hindem any thing like originality 
of thought. AiPeak and fragile bark, with¬ 
out rudder or (Jjjipass, is the best picture he 
can draw of young Bengal or indeed, of 
young India. In no country in the world is 
the gulf so wide between teachers and pupils, 
as in this.’ He affirm^ that some members 
of the Govt. Ed. Dept, actually hate the Na¬ 
tives. Let us admij that this statement is 
possibly erroneous, the fact .remains that 
such an impression is made .on the minds of 
students. “ It is better that some religion 


should be taught than that the Government 
schools should turn out bands of imbecile 
and godless young men.” We feel like say¬ 
ing’, A Daniel come to judgment 1 Ideas like 
these have an echo among the more thought¬ 
ful of those who are receiving what the Gov¬ 
ernment calls an education, but what is real¬ 
ly by no means entitled to that name. The 
men who are engaged in imparting this so- 
called education, are.in the receipt of salaries 
far beyond what their pupils are allowed to. 
aspire to, and are thus placed nporf a lofty 
pedestal frorrTwKenceYliey are tempted to 
look d6w’n With much unconcern’ upon the 
affairs of uncovenanted men. There are 
among them some no doubt who seek con¬ 
scientiously and faithfully to do what good 
they nan to those /under them ; but how. 
much are eyen these hampered by the timid 
tyranny that forbujs the inculcation of reli¬ 
gion-; - 

'—“ Having large funds in trust for widows 
and orphans,’ he allowed C. the loan of a 
considerable amount, with which he specu¬ 
lated as a money changer, and soon embez¬ 
zled saCved money entrusted to him on the 
faith‘of liis piety. In a bankrupt'condiHon 
he escaped, fled to a seaport and took ship.” 
This reads marvellously like a paragraph 
from a newspaper of the present day. Yet it 
.relates to. one who lived in the beginningof 
the third century, and who at a later period 
of time’than that Spoken of in the extract, 
became bishop of Rome and was afterwards 
canonized and is enrolled among the illustri¬ 
ous Popes of Rome. His name was Callistus, 
and in the middle of the last century a 
Roman canon, Pietro Morelli, wrote a Folio 
volume about him, consisting of a tissue of 
those legends the composition of which have 
amused the liesure of so many monks. We 
are indebted to his contemporary Hippoly- 
tus, also canonized by the Church of Rome, 
for a more reliable account of Callistus. 
Hippolytus wa.s in facta Protestant Reform¬ 
er of the third century, bravely opposing 
those corrupting tendencies that had already 
begun to manifest themselves in the Church 
at Rome, This is what Hippolytus says 
about Callistus : he was the servant of 
Carpophoms, a Christian officer in the 
palace of the Emperor Commodns. Having 
embezzled' funds entrusted to him, and i 
fled, as mentioned, and being pursued by 
his master he jumped into the sea, pre- j 
ferring a watery ^ grave to the severer 
punishment which he knew would be inflict¬ 
ed for his crime. He was rescued, brought 
back to Rome and condemned to the tread¬ 
mill. By artifice he regained his liberty ; 
but such was the public odium with which 
he was covered, that life became intolerable 
to him, and he created a tumult in a syna¬ 
gogue for the^purpose of being imprisoned. 
Arraigned by the Jews he was scourged and 
transported to the mines of Sardinia. His 
craft was such that he man aged to escape, and 
subsequently obtained the sympathy and 


patronage of PopeZephyrinns, who promoted 1 
him to an ecclesiastical position. From the, 
accounts of Hippolytus it appears that there 
was not much to choose between Callistua' 
and Zephyr!nus. The former obtained a' 
great influence over the latter and he was 
at length emboldened to aspire to the epis¬ 
copal throne itself. Many of our readers are 1 
doubtless aware that one of the most import¬ 
ant works of Hippolytus, supposed to- have" 
been lost, was found in a convent in the isle 1 
of Patmos\in 1842,‘and’ more recently- an- : 
•other work of his was found in an ^-Italian* 
library. In recent numbers of the Wesleyan* 
Methodist Magazine, the Rev. R. -Stainton.' 
Ellis lias furnished an interesting account’ 
of things brought to light concerning ’the 1 
state of the Church in Rome /at that day/of : 
the protest borne by Hippolytus, arch of the- 
attempts madq to meet the force pf,this tea-* 
timony since the publication of .these - writ- 
ings./ These matters, have been treated by 
Dr. Dollinger,/Baron Bunsen, Wordsworth 
and others. A century ox two after the 
period .in question, the Church of Rome at¬ 
tained such "power that she could easily deal 
with whatever in the testimony of earlier" 
days did not favour her -pretensions, and we 1 
can well understand how difficult it would 1 
bs for the protestant works of Hippolytus to 
make their way down to modern dimes.- la¬ 
the providence of God, some of these - have 
happily been brought to light in a day when 
the power of the papacy is a.good deal less" 
universal than it once was, 

•—We learn from the Suhodha Patrika 
that Rao Bahadoor Malmdev Govind Ranade 
delivered a Lecture lately at the Pfarthana’ 
Somaj Mundir in which he expressed a very 
friendly feeling towards Christianity, and 
said it was a great disappointment to him 
and his friends that its progress had-been so 
slow in India. The best evidence of such 
sentiments would seem to be the embracing 
of a system that others are so slow to appre¬ 
ciate. But if a gentleman in the position of 
the lecturer, with such opportunity of be¬ 
coming acquainted with the insufficiency of 
Hinduism and the excellencies of Christianity, 
cannot find it in his heart to embrace the 
latter, there is nothing very mysterious about 
the reception it receives from others. 

“ His view of the matter was that as long as 
a really Indian phase of Christianity was not 
developed here, its progress would never be 
satisfactory. It would never touch 'the vital 
heart of the nation. As yet there has been no 
such developement. Native Christians become 
professors of one or other of the European 
creeds. They are Baptists, or Episcopalians or 
Presbyterians or Roman Catholic Christians. 
None of them have been able to shake themselves 
free from the yoke of "the creeds and return to 
the Bible and to the teachings of Christ pure 
and simple. 

These creeds are based on root ideas of faith 
and religion which have no affinity with the 
root ideas of Hindu belief. As long as this 
close relationship is not secured, no exotic 
creed can lay hold of the soil and sink its roots 











330 


THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN. 


January 25. 


deep. It is not to be supposed that Christian¬ 
ity has not the power to adapt itself to these 
root ideas of Hindu belief. The dev elopements 
of the Unitarian and Swedenborgians or new 
Jerusalem Churches proves that it has such a 
power of adaptation. Mr. Dadoba Pandoorang’s 
letter to the Swedenborgiaus possesses in this 
connection a peculiar interest. If there was 
any mind among us peculiarly inclined to ac¬ 
cord welcome to Christian influences, it was 
Dadoba’s and yet after fifty years spent in en¬ 
quiry the result is one that might fairly stagger 
Hie native Christian adherent of the different 
creeds. Dadoba finds it impossible to subscribe 
to the Articles of the current forms of the 
Christian creed, and finds rest in the conclu- 
Bions of the Swedenborgian church, chiefly be¬ 
cause there a close identity and parallelism 
prevailing botween this form of Christianity, 
and the root ideas of the Hindu faith.” 

. That is to say, if Christianity will consent 
to be manipulated and transformed, in India 
by the Hindoos, so as to be assimilated to the 
root ideas of this country, in China by the 
Chinese, in Madagascar by the Malagasis, 
etc., etc., well and good ; it will make its 
way. One of the root ideas of this country, 
is the idea of Caste ; no other is so universal¬ 
ly disseminated and so mightily influential 
as this. Another is, the plurality of births. 
Another is the identity of the Creator with 
creation. Now these things are directly an¬ 
tagonized by Christianity. If Christianity 
is true, these and many other root ideas of 
Hinduism are false. It is because Christiani¬ 
ty is an absolute protest against the root 
ideas of faith and religion found among the 
nations, that it is every where so unwelcome. 
u Ye shall be hated of all men for my name’s 
sake,” saidChristto kisdisciples. Yettho only 
commission he gave them was to teach men 
what he had taught them and what he would 
teach them after his resurrection by his 
Spirit. They received no commission to 
make compromises with existing religions, 
“Heaven and earth may pass away bat 
my words shall not pass away,” The 
Hindu Theistic faith “discards the virtue of 
vicarious sacrifice.” When our friends are 
content to sit at the feet of Christ aud to 
learn of him, they will soon see that vicarious 
sacrifice is a truth so vital to Christianity 
that when it is taken away the latter becomes 
a dead thing. Christ is “ the Lamb of God 
that taketh away the sin of the world.” 
“ The Son of Man came not to be minister¬ 
ed unto but to minister and to give his life 
a ransom for many.” In John VI. and else¬ 
where he abundantly teaches that only 
through his death men have life. Our robe.-, 
are made white in the blood ot the Lamb. 
No one could be more opposed to this d*, „• 
trine than he who pens these words was, j 
until he was 28 years old. Having been 
brought to recognize Christianity as from 
God, he sat down to search the Scriptures, 
and did it with the strongest conviction that 
no such doctrine would be found. He had 
no communication with any Christian, and 
no one knew of the change taking place in 
Lim. Yet he was soon bronght to see that 
this doctrine was fundamental in Chris¬ 
tianity aud that no one could know what 
sin is or what salvation is, without accept¬ 
ing it. 

—The name of Quarter-mas ter Stokes ap¬ 
peared in the list of passengers leaving by the 
Troop-ship Euphrates on Tuesday last. 
this officer died on Sunday evening 
T?ty' ;r’s Hotel, and his family had to pro- 
; ? on board from the funeral, Such ape 


the disappointments to which life, in India 
is peculiarly subject. 

—Mr. Gladstone has received a silver axe. 
What will he do with it? Will he lay it at 
the root of the English establishment ? A 
silver axe is hardly the best for felling a 
great tree like that. Let him first practice 
on the liqaor traffic and the Opium revenae, 
bat with a real axe, not a silver one. 

—A BUSHEL of grain for every man, woman 
and child on the face of the globe, or 
1,500,000,000 bushels in all, is the contri¬ 
bution of the United States to the world’s 
commissariate, in 1878. 

—Bishop Bowman, having completed his 
visitation of the N. I. Conference, is expected 
in Bombay next week. 

—We would ask the special attention of 
onr readers in Bombay to the Notices in an¬ 
other column regarding meetings to be held 
next week in connection with the Bombay 
Missionary Conference. 


Ip the view that we have of God’s love is 
one that leads ns to think we shall be readily 
forgiven for sins into which we fall after 
having received the knowledge of that love, 
then it is not God’s love that vve are expe¬ 
riencing, but a thing of our own imagina¬ 
tion. The love of God really experienced 
makes it harder to sin and arms us against 
it as nothing else can do. True faith is as¬ 
sociated with repentance, which is the heart’s 
condemnation of its own sin, and not mere¬ 
ly sorrow for its entailments. There are 
many who are very glad to hear about the 
love of God, because they think of it as 
something that allows them to have their 
own way to some extent. Just as these same 
people persuade themselves that they show 
love to their children when they are indul¬ 
gent to their foibles. The love of God is the 
love of a Being who hates sin with infinite 
hatred and hates it no where more than in 
his children. The most outrageous insult 
that can be offered to God, is to make his love 
the occasion of greater freedom in sinning. 
Too many make Christ a minister of sin, 
by looking to him for pardon while conti¬ 
nuing in sin. We have true confidence in 
him when we keep his commandments and 
do those things that are pleasing in his sight. 
“ There is forgiveness with thee that thou 
mayest be feared.” The love of God is really 
bestowed upon the unworthy, bat it has a 
two-fold virtue; it not merely forgives past 
sin but arms us with a power to avoid it, 
even with the power of the Holy Spirit. 
We have not merely admission to the ban¬ 
queting hall, but we receive a wedding robe 
in exchange for our own rags. And this is 
the witness of the Holy Spirit, revealing to 
us life in Christ, and making that life ours. 


It is important for the Christian to keep 
in mind that while the law of habit is very 
serviceable it is also a snare. The young 
Christian has great difficulty in facing cer¬ 
tain duties because of their strangeness. He 
however succeeds in doing them and every 
repetition takes from their formidable cha¬ 
racter. Family prayer may'seem to him .at 
first a task the very thought of which fills 
.him with alarm ; but haviug once begun it, 
hebegins to get the benefit of thgM&g habit, 
ana every day the taskbecomes lighter, until 
at length he is amused at the recollection of 
his former alarm. ''AncL now comes in the 


possibility of harm from that very law that 
has been so helpful to him. There is the 
danger of his doing the thing mechanically, 
forgetting his depennence on the Spirit for 
power to offer acceptable prayer. We give 
this as an example, but the same observa¬ 
tion applies to all the details of a Chrishp^J 
life in its external aspects. The law of 
habit makes it easier to do them than not 
to do them, and the mind is not necessarily 
present in the doing of them. In walking, 
there would seem to be the necessity of 
an exercise of will all the way along ; cer¬ 
tain nerves and muscles are to be kept in 
play, the sight is to be exercised in looking 
out the path and in avoiding hindrances and 
dangers; but the force of habit is such thus 
we do all this mechanically, and the mind it 
about as free to occupy itself with other 
things as if we were sitting idle; Whatever 
we can do mechanically we do mechanically, 
in order that the mind may enjoy this free¬ 
dom. Here then is the snare in religion. 
The various functions and offices that belong 
to the routine of a Christian life, may be 
done with the minimum of thought, and are 
not in themselves an evidence that the man 
has spiritual life, like a river that lias been 
frozen over and then has dried up at its 
sources so that the water all flows away 
from under the ice, leaving the appearance 
of a river without the reality. What 
is the corrective of this tendency ? It is to 
be found in the constant realization of our 
dependence on the Spirit of God. No man 
can call Jesus Lord without the Holy Ghost; 
that is, our use of the Lord’s name and our 
prayers offered in his name, and all our 
acts of worship are unmeaning and fruit¬ 
less unless the Spirit be present to in¬ 
spire onr words aud acts. What the Spirit 
of God taught us yesterday we cannot 
repeat to day, without the influence of the 
Spirit. We breathe not by virtue of a quan¬ 
tity of breath stored up in the lungs, but by 
momentary inhalation. The Spirit pro¬ 
ceeded from the Father and the Son ; not 
proceeded once, but is ever proceeding, as the 
sap is ever flowing to the branch when the 
branch abides in the. vine ; and it is in this 
sense that the Spirit abides in the believer. 
And we are to see to it that the Spirit doth 
ever abide in us. ‘ - 


(Site gamlwy SiuwUaw. 


SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1879. 


INTERNATIONAL BIBLE STUDr. 

We have been asked to supplement our 
remarks on the lesson for Lake xiv. 23, by 
some words of explanation on the expres¬ 
sion : “ Compel them to come in.” We are 
to put ourselves in the place of the poor peo¬ 
ple and we shall be maefe aware that the 
cause of any reserve they flight have in ac¬ 
cepting the invitation to tm sapper, would 
not be an unwillingness fcoPpartake of the 
feast, but a diffidence caused by the feeling 
of their poverty and mean attire and inabi-. 
lity to conduct themselves properly in such 
a great place. The compulsion necessary 
would simply be that friendly persistence 
that would assure them tef the cordiality of 
tneir^veTCOme. The servants were not to 
use coercion, for that would have only tend* 
ed to add to the alarm of the poor people. 


Government of Maharashtra 
on 28 February, 2020 



















January 25. 


THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN. 


391 


and defeat the very end in. view, the crea¬ 
tion of confidence. And they to whom the 
Master has committed the work of inviting 
^ sinners to come to the banquet of life pre- 
££ired for all nations, are in like manner to 

$e such persistence as is necessary to make 
men understand that the will of God is that 1 
all men should be saved ami come unto the i 
knowledge of the truth. The conscious¬ 
ness of unworthiness often hinders the up¬ 
bringing of a feeling of confidence and they 
who have themselves had experience of the 
Lord’s gooduess towards the unworthy are 
the very ones to deal with those who are 
kept back by such a feeling. 

February 2nd , 1879 .—Luke xvii. 11-19. 

“As he went to Jerusalem,” for the last 
time in his ministry. He was travelling 
to ft fiery furnace and was conscious of it, 
but still went on and went with all his be- 
nignity. “Through the midst of Samaria 
and Galilee,” or, along the borders of the 
two provinces. Approachiug a certain vil¬ 
lage there met him ten lepers who, having 
ascertained who he was, cried to him from 
that respectful distance that was demanded 
by the law concerning lepers, saying, “ Jesus 
Master, have mercy upon us.” It was a 
large jxit it ion ; perhaps, if they had consult¬ 
ed some disciple first, they would have been 
advised not to come in a body bat to cast 
lots for one or two of them to come. They 
would have been told that it was a very un- j 
usual thing for ten lepers to come in a body, 1 
and ask for healing for all. Happily they took 
connsel only of their need and thought that 
the same power and goodness that would war¬ 
rant one to expect healing woald warrant 
ten. Have mercy on us, though we be ten 
in number. If they had taken counsel of a 
Pharisee he would probably have said to 
them, “ Be content to bear your trial. God 
has seen fit to send this affliction upon you, 
and he most know what is best ; allowing 
that this Jesus has power to heal you, what 
right has he to go counter to the provi- i 
donee of God P Be patient and let God do 
what seemeth good unto him,” But a Pha¬ 
risee would have kept at such a distance 
from them that any thing like conversation 
would have been impossible ; so they were 
spared this difficulty. They very likely saw 
the hand of God in their affliction, but they 
knew that Naaman had been healed and that 
God’s procedure in providence is not irrever¬ 
sible. At all events, God suffers his crea¬ 
tures to make known their requests unto 
him, and upbraids them not. “ Go show 
yourselves'unto the priests.” One of our 
modern cavillers, had he been there, would 
have remarked, “ a very safe answer ; a good 
way of getting rid of a troublesome petition ; 
of coarse there can be no harm iu going to 
show themselves to the priest; and then, if 
they are not cured, /it can be set down to 
their want of faith.” When, on a former 
occasion a leper had come to Christ, he had 
first healed him by his touch, and then com¬ 
manded him to show, himself unto the priest. 
Now he does nothing to them but sends them 
away to the priest. Did he mean that they 
should go to Jerusalem, to show themselves 
to the officiating priest? The letter of the 1 
law required this anc> we do not know that 
any thing less sufficed. We see that Jesus 
^honoured the law, instead of setting it aside, 

■ as the Jews accused him of doing. The men 
went in faith. Imagine them proceeding a- 
Lng the road and encountering a man like | 


many in these days, who after learning their 
errand would thus apostrophize them: Oh 
fools beyond compare ! Were there ever be¬ 
fore in this world ten men so easily gulled ? 
Can yon re illy imagine that because a certain 
person told you to go and show yourselves 
to the priest, you are therefore to ba made 
whole ? Do you not see that yon have been 
fooled ? if Jesas could have done any thing 
for you, he would have done it at once. Give 
up your idle hope and return to your place. 
But their poor faith was saved such a discom¬ 
fiture. They had gone but a little way when 
looking on one another, they saw the evidence 
that they had ail been healed, an 1 felt the 
blessed sensations of health stealing through 
their systems. They were delighted; but 
one of them was more than delighted. His 
heart was possessed with sodden grati¬ 
tude and forgetting everything else he turn¬ 
ed back to fall at the feet of his deliverer. 
And his inRtinct was the correct one. For he 
whose word had wrought such a miracle 
must be a priest above all priests, and the 
nearest way to God. And Jesus did not re¬ 
prove him hat asked, Where are the nine ? 
Unlike the one who returned, they are un¬ 
able to see that a greater than the temple 
was in Christ. To the Samaritan Jesus said : 
Arise, go thy way, thy faith hath made thee 
whole. Tins was an intimation to him that 
he was to walk by faith. 


THOUGHTS ON THE GOSPEL 
OF JOHN. 

“ And other sheep I have,” x. 16. As 
Abraham believed in God who quickeneth 
the dead and calleth those things which be 
not as though they were, so Jesus, the Son 
of man, saw as already realized that which 
was to follow the proclamation of his death 
and resurrection. They were his in prospect, 
Gentile converts. Abraham saw his day by 
faith, and He saw the day when his Gospel 
should be preached in all the world, not 
without fruit. This was the joy set before 
him for which he endured the cross despis¬ 
ing the shame. 

“ Them also I must bring and they shall 
hear my voice, and there shall be one fold, 
one shepherd.” The Saviour speaks as though 
the Gentile converts were to come to Judea 
and there be folded with the Jewish believers. 
This is in conformity with the language of 
the Old Testament prophets. This language 
was necessitated by the circumstances of the 
case, and was the only language that the 
Jews could understand, so long as the mid¬ 
dle wall of partition stood. Our Lord did 
not mean to bring them personally to Judea ; 
it was about the worst place for those who 
wanted to serve God, and the Epistle to the 
Hebrews shows that the Christians there 
had fallen far behind those in other parts 
of the world, in the conception of what 
Christ had purchased for them. Bat our Lord 
meant what the Apostle Paul meant when 
he said to the Ephesians : “ And that he 

might reconcile both unto God in one, body 
by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby, 
he came and preached peace to yon, who were 
afar off and to them that were nigh. He is 
our peace, who hath made both one”, ii: 16,17 
Christ comes in his servants and in his word 
and all that believe are gathered together in 
him and there is no more distinction of Jews 
and Gentiles. They who are called Jews 
I are so by disobedience ; the command is to 


believe in the Messiah J^id the refusal to do 
this, cuts them off from the congregation of 
God's chosen people. It is very evident that 
if all the Jews had obeyed God speaking by 
his servant Moses, all would have believed 
on Jesus the Christ, and thus there would 
not have remained in the world a single 
Jew, in tho modern sense of that word. We 
thus learn, from the intimations given by our 
Lord and by his apo*tIes as to the true way 
of understanding the prophecies of Messianic 
days, that the Jewish form given to the 
events predicted was an accommodation to 
the necessities of the case. They could not 
have been set forth in the language of this 
dispensation, for that would have been simply 
unintelligible. In like manner, the prophe¬ 
cies of the New Testament which speak of 
the glorified state of the Church, are draped 
in the costume of this world’s glory andpre- 
ciousness: a city with walls, streets, gates, 
gardens, and fountains, with gold, precious 
stones, pearls <fcc. for materials. 


LIFE OF DR. WILSON. 

The foundation of Dr. John Wilson’s dis¬ 
tinction and influence were laid in his school¬ 
days. He went to school at the age of four 
and from that time till he was twenty four 
years of age, he enjoyed the best advantages 
for the acquisition of knowledge and of 
scholastic habits, that Scotland could afford. 
It was a marvel to many how, in the multi¬ 
plicity of affairs to which his attention was 
directed in after life, some of them of a very 
exacting nature, he was able to prosecute 
saeh investigations as were demanded in his 
study of Hind a ism, Parseeism, archaeology 
etc. etc. and still find time for direct evange¬ 
listic work. The explanation is found in the 
thoroughness with which he had given him¬ 
self to the various branches of study that 
came before him, in the parish-school, in the 
University, in the divinity halls, supplement¬ 
ed by the study of medicine. He was na- 
tarally very ambitious, and continued to be 
so in the sense that he desired to have all 
the distinction that was to be gained compa¬ 
tibly with his consecration to the Lord’3 
work as a missionary. Nothing less than 
pre-eminence would content him in any de¬ 
partment that he felt called upon to prose¬ 
cute. When in the parish school, a boy of 
ten years, he is described as the .most diligent 
and persevering student in the school, though 
many of his fellow-students becamse men of 
renown. “ In his 14th year he went to 
Edinburgh University, to begin that eight 
years* course of lingnistic, philosophical and 
theological studies by which the Scottish 
churches still wisely produce a well-trained 
and often cultured ministry,” says his bio¬ 
grapher. During the vacation seasons he 
engaged in teaching, and by thus utilizing 
what he learned made himself more com¬ 
pletely master of it. While young Wilson 
was pursuing his theological studies, mo- 
deratism was still in the ascendent, and it is 
a wonder that he escaped the infection of a 
system that leaves the fervency of one's na¬ 
ture free for the things that naturally at¬ 
tract a successful student. He himself was 
of the opinion that he had experienced the 
saving influence of religious truth, while yet 
a mere child. The evangelical movement of 
1825 and onward, of which we have such in¬ 
teresting notices in Dr. Duncan's Life, en¬ 
listed the sympathies of John Wilson, who 
regularly attended the ministry of Dr. Robert 




392 


TEE BOMBAY GUARDIAN, 


•7; 


rumary 


2 a, 

I; 


Gordon. Dr* Fairbairn of Now haven, a fol¬ 
low-student of noting Wilson, says; 

41 Wo discovered that n now-born tiny o£ light 
ami truth had at last broken out in this country; 
and this discovery *vus fully made tons by the 
coming of Dr, Robert Gordon to Edinburgh* 
That was an era in our spiritual history never 
to be Forgotten, Wc were ft IT carried captive 
by the mighty spoil of his ploijueitoe. John 
lYiJ&ou att&rjftjpd himself to the ministry tit Dr. 
Gordon and you know the great power which 
it exercised over his mind ami history. All 
my recollections of my beloved school-follow 
arc such as to harmonise with Jiis after-H to 
Truly in his case, tbo child wits father of the 
man.” 

It was when Scotland had no missionary 
in the Eastern world that young Wilson 
made up his mind to become a missionary 
of the Gospel in foreign parts. At the pre¬ 
sent day, when distances have been so won¬ 
derfully annihilated* and providential facili¬ 
ties have combined with the scattering 
abroad of the Anglo-Saxon race lo make 
the missionary leap a much turner and 
gen tier thing that it was a half century ago, 
it is still found a rare thing for qu o whose 
acquirements and talents hold out the pro¬ 
mise of a successful and useful career at 
homo, to offer to take this leap. Much 
more was this the case when Dr, Wilson 
made up his mind to go abroad*! At 
the* time that he prepared to come to 
India the only mission of the Scottish Society 
was at an obscure place in the Coucan. 
While yet a student he delighted in Bticli 
lives as those of B mi nerd and Eliot, and he 
himself prepared for the press a Life of the 
latter. We may suppose that lie little anti¬ 
cipated in those days some of the distinct¬ 
ive features of bis own missionary course; 
little thought of the intimate relations that 
be would nave with Governors and Viceroys 
or of Ids indueiitlal position as a member of 
English society in this conn try> in close cor¬ 
respondence with eminent Orientalista, Wo 
certainly do not think it desirable that mis* 
sionarios should Lave much to do with this 
line of things; hnt Di . Wilson was among 
missionaries mi and a law into him- 

self, Thcie was a uiany-sideducss about 
him that made it easy for him to enter into 
relations with men who eared little for the 
Gospel, and who were perhaps led to regard 
with more Favour the work of Missions be¬ 
cause of the wide range of thought and in¬ 
vestigation to which Dr. W. hut himself. 
His capacities determined his spheres. His 
orientalism, his archaeology* his philosophy, 
his relations with the rtilers, or with the 
University, doubtless interfered with a more 
direct and simple evangelism, but never suf¬ 
fered him to lose sight of the fact that he 
v as a noisri on aryj 1 io do q hi less belie ved, and 
most readers of this biography will believe 
that be made these things tributary to the 
advancement of Christ’s cause* 

Dr, Smith has dealt very happily w ith the 
tOateriolA placed at his command. He has 
pnthired a bonk which though unusually 
largo us the biography of a ■missionary, Is yet 
interesting throughout. At feast, we have 
found it so. Dr, Wilson was a great IcHer- 
writcr, and some of his friends weald have 
been glad if more use had been made of these. 
But Ms biographer aimed no doubt to pro¬ 
duce a book that would be interesting not 
merelv to those who are interested in Mis¬ 
sions. but to the general public. A good 
doul of prominence is accorded to Dr, Wilson 


na an Orientalist, an Interpreter of jiocioni 
inscriptions, a Counsellor of Government and 
the like. Dr, Smith had it great admira¬ 
tion for the subject of his biography, and 
maintains throughout a strain* of eulogy 
which may seem lo some that knew him, too 
higli-pifdied. If he bad known of any fault 
or blemish, he would jn'obably have mention- 
edit. This shows the impression mtule by Dr. merchant, and certainly I have no desio 

xrr-i i 1 ■ it- ♦ , r.,11.. . : _ 'T t.... t __ t _ . 


Wilson upon those who enjoyed, his society, 

We have known a good many who did not 
shave thin impression, who while they re¬ 
cognised his nc eo mm on abilities and many 
excellent qualities, thought him egotistical, 
dogmatic, overbearing. Were ihev biassed 
iti their judgment ? They may have been. 

Perhaps the difficulty waahthat they were not 

content to be eclipsed. , _ wt . .. . . 

Wu shall have something more to say a- 3 cmiveimtlon and with It tny iuercantile life, 
bout this fjifo of Dr. Wilson* rhfin fUia 


emipiu of years an<1 to have given yon a cm*!: , J 
wherewith to begin business, But now y. nr 
place will be occupied by mrae other per: 
and at the end of a year you will be much 
fit for bufliiieafi llmti you now are. NW 
are not so good a clerk m you were in 182/0 * 

Jl I know it, and that is tny argument for Iqifl 
iug the store—but if I leave, 1 will come bJ k 
With the intention of making myself a gy 
merehanb, and certainly I have no desire Ip. 
follow any profesfiion. I feel that T must ir:|# 
my living by this means/*—" Welt, "he replug: 

“ fum willing that you should leave, bin not t 
return again. You must enter wme uGtfer 
counting-room when you M through your 
studies. I replied than T would w illingly do 
that. He then told me that I might leave. “■ I 
am much obliged to you.” I answered, “ No, 
you arc pot/* he sniff, 14 1 do not, wish to eon- 
triul you in your desires/" An# fchiur ended this 


REMINISCENCES. III. 

We make an extract from a journal kept 
by Hoinnnenlrbq when 18 years old. 

Oct. 15, 18:14. I began to conceive a dislike 
for business upon my return to the city. And 
very good reasons conspire to produce this 
dislike, I had been 7 years in a store at the 
ago when boys arc visually at school, improv¬ 
ing their niiiuta, At 12 years of age I entered 
the store, know mg nothing, I It orally nothing. 

1 had but few opportunities* to improve myself 
while in business, but# by those few I believe 
I profited- I studied French and Italian and 
read eonsidmuble history, Bat when I found 
myself at the age of 18 unacipiaintod with 
Lathi and a hundred other things, T began to 
perceive the injustice done me by taking me 
from school at so early an age, and to experience 
a distaste for business And a desire for study. 

Unable to satisfy thi^ L felt very miserable, 
became morose in my temper when in com¬ 
pany, aud pensive and melancholy when alone. 

1 knew that my father's chief desire was to see 
me a merchant but I resolved to satisfy in 
scran way my taste for study, ami accordingly 
mi Monday, Oct, 13, about 13 o’clock, percelv* 
mg that my father was id one m his caaiitiug- 
room, I, followed the benr of a sudden resolu¬ 
tion ami addressed him thus : " Sir, I am going 
to make a proposition to you which I hope 
you will consider favourably. I have been in 
the store constantly for 7 years P at mi age 
when boys are at school. I consequently find 
myself without the knowledge essential to a 
young man, and toorever, I have not the taste 
for business I ought to have. Therefore T 
wish you to let mo devote a year to study. At 
the end of that time l will have much improv¬ 
ed myself, and morever I will have a xest for 
business/" “ Well—now— George/* he replied, 
a ptuise succeeding each word, u if you should 
leave the store for any length of time you will 
never be fit for business and will never be 
willing to return to it.” Ho added something 
about the manner in which he first got along in 
the world, by perseverance and assiduous atten¬ 
tion to business, and by devoting his leisure 
m omen ts to atu dy, 4 VYou kno w 0 I an s w ered, 

14 that 1 improve my leisure time ; my evenings 
I spend in study, But l have no time to read 
and can only pursue one $ truly at a tims. And 
as for losing a taste, for business, my testa will 
certainly net be increased by ray continuing 
here, J shall conceive an utter disgust foy it 
and will pot think myself obliged to pay any 
attention to it. Besides, Sir think how young I 
was when 1 left school. Boys usually/'—here 

I tWked mvHelf luckily; I should fmn cer- ! nn T ctlaracteri , 
taudj provoked Intu, had I spokou mr souse 1 ■ , 

of the injustice. He would probably We an- 1 ^ lT1 ? the ncquamtan 
swored in a eovere mauner, and I should not ri . 0 ^ resr ; T1 ^Dl she had 
have gained Tiiy point. Hecontinned: * d This the Indmdnfll. If she 
interferes with all my intended arrangements.: 
it was my intention to retire from business in a 


ciiy, her letters would 
gallery of the people s 



Mi 


Then followed this memorandum i 

“■ To-dity 1 become a at udent. To learu and 
do the following things 1 will devote a year: 
Tbu Iifttiin iaiiguagc, Greek; Genua 11 : Sp j it isb j 
Mathematics; Chemistry; Astronomy : Pln- 
E osopl i y ; a pferfget k no vv l ed ge of h fstory t ro i u 
the biixh of Noah to the death of ^Tap^on, 
To Improve myself in French and Italian, ac- 
tpiire a perfect knowledge of English grammar 
and road al I t lie celeb ta t ed it liters v n aiat u nil 
and mental philosophy." 

How superlatively ridiculous were these 
resolutions. To Hds inexperience ft si emed 
fta though a year all to oneself were sufficient 
to master all the^o branuhes. He gradnally 
came to sec tiuit it was neither necessary nor 
desirable that a man should be a proficient 
in all department of knowledge, and that 
the part of wtsdum was to find out what 
would be of special use iu the line of life 
likely to ho full owed by him, ami give him¬ 
self to the acquisition of these. DesuUoid- 
ness coiddiinod however for some years to be 
a serious impediment to his progr^sA The 
love of study was also counterbalanced by the 
love of composition, Eummmutita thinks It 
proper to say that while he cannot justify 
the reproach cast by the youth upon hm 
father, and while he is convinced that in the 
case of multitudes who enjoy collegiate ad¬ 
vantages, the gain is not til proportion to 
the cost, yofc'he is conscious that in all pro¬ 
bability Ids mind would at this day be great¬ 
ly bettor m many veapeeta, if it had had the 
drilling and the discipline obtainable in 
schools. It is not good for a young man, 
even when there is a taste tor study and ap¬ 
preciation of the v&lne- of time, to have un¬ 
restricted liberty as regards the occupation 
of bis time. To this day the writer is iron- 
bled with an imaginativeness and flightmess 
that allow the mind in reading a single sent¬ 
ence or hearing one, to go with a hop, skip 
and a jump from the earth to Jnpitor, to the 
aim and to Sirius, and get back before the 
sentence is finished. Llks an ant or dog that, 
in going from one point to another makes a 
diversion at every step toXhe right or to the 
left, but manages to reach^he terminus noon 
the loss. Mention bus bren inode of u sister 
between whom and H. ox Is tad a great simi¬ 
larity of tastes* She w 
markable mental endow 
thing of U/s sfilf-snffi 
shrinking and retiring, 
extreme eeiisitiveness, si 
ful power of charactorid 


<r 






















* January 25. 


had pro babl/ a greater influence on II. than 
a ny other porson ami had main ly to (Jo \vit li 
the formation of his tastes thong’ll wit boat 
any such aim on her part. Remembering 
liia attachment to her, H. is constrained to 
notice also his failures with regard to other 
Members of the family. His manner towards 
them was marked by reserve and want of 
confidence, especially towards bis father, 
though he himself was always treated with 
kindness. • This must have caused pain, 
much more than he allowed himself to ima¬ 
gine. To this day, the bitterness of self-re- 
proach is awakened by the recollection of it. 
If any thing, H. was treated with too great 
indulgence and forbearance. Happy the 
family where there is entire freedom of in¬ 
tercourse between all the members, and per¬ 
fect freedom from, reserve ; where love and 
not self-attention is in the ascendent. 


CORRESPONDENCE. 


<e To (he Editor of the Bombay Guardian 

Dkar Sib.,—W ithout taking the slightest 
notice of the offensive principle laid down by 
Mr. Fenn, or my remarks on it, you unneces¬ 
sarily refer to the disparity of salaries exist¬ 
ing between European and Native ministers 
and then charge the unfortunate blacks with 
jealousy inspired by “ Satan !” It is impossi¬ 
ble to argue with one whose logic and theology 
are of such a trailscedental mitui'e, and who, 
it is plain, is incapable of doing justice to dark 
men when they have a controversy with those 
of a fair skin. It is unacountable how an 
Englishmen like Mr. Femi was betrayed into 
an expression of an opinion that is absolutely 
un-English; and I would direct his attention 
to pp. 403 and 405 of Dr. Wilson Life by Dr. 
Geo. Smith for light on the matter in question 
from one who is universally admitted to be the 
highest authority on Mission matters, by Eu¬ 
ropeans as well as Natives. 

A. B. C. 

[Our correspondent has a singular facility 
in finding enmity where peace was intended, 
injustice where nothing of the kind was thought 
of, and caste spirit where it certainly has no 
existence. Conscious as. we are of the utter un¬ 
fairness of the strictures addressed to ourselves 
by A. B. C. we a re the more prepared to believe 
that his worst enemy is his own morbid sensi¬ 
tiveness, leading his mind to see things through 
a distorted medium. Neither European nor 
Native missionaries are all that the Master 
would have them to be, and for all we know 
some of the latter may have cause to complain 
of some things on the part of the former ; but 
we doubt if such things are likely to be amend¬ 
ed by invictive. India is yet to be won for 
Christ; it is the day of small things iu the large 
cities ; there is abundant reason for humiliation 
among all Christian labourers ; is this a time 
for internecine war ? Let our Native brethren 
cherish only a loving and hallowed rivalry 
with their European brethren, in love and self- 
denial, in consecration and fruitfulness. Let us 
not lose time and wound our own spirit by 
brood mg over offences which if real will do 
more harm to thosepth&fe inti let them, than they 
can do to others, eAd which may possibly be 
imaginary. Trustshristian nobility of charac¬ 
ter leads us to dwell less upon our rights than 
upon our duties, less upon those rights 
that man can interne with tlmn upon those 
that we enjoy at the ttwbue of grace. A. B. C., 
in our opinion, does the greatest injustice to 
himself in imagining himself called to be a 
denouncer of missionaries; and Dr. Wilson 
was one of the last men to encourage such a 
course. Our correspondent strangely mistakes 
the tenor of our remarks. Satan came to our 
♦.Lord, and is never happier than when he can 
persuade good men to think unkindly of their 


THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN. 


fellow-labourers and attribute their conduct to 
disdain or some such feeling. We hope our 
correspondent will bear with us in these re¬ 
marks, and not take offence if we add that when 
the characters of individuals or of a class are 
brought before the public, it is fitting than the 
writer should give his own name. Ed. B. (?.] 


Dear Sir,—I observe an extract from your 
paper iu the Times of India of the *20fch instant 
and in the Bombay Gazette of the 21st instant 
regarding the proposed " Bombay Temperance 
Hotel” in which yon say “ we have seen a pro¬ 
spectus setting forth a proposal for a Bombay 
Temperance Hotel to provide a resort for the 
lower classes, seamen and others visiting this 
city.” No such words are used in the pro¬ 
spectus. The words are “ a resort for the work¬ 
ing classes seamen and others, visiting Bom¬ 
bay.” Yours truly 

Bareli, 21st January 1879. 

N. Rule. 

[Looking again at the Prospectus sent us, 
we find that our correspondent is right, and 
regret that we should have made the mistake. 
Ed. B. (?.] 


NOTICES. 


In consequence of a Meeting that will be 
held in Cowasjee Framjee Hall on Friday 
evening 31st January, in connection with the 
Missionary Conference, there will be no meet¬ 
ing of the Young Men’s Christian Association, 
on that occasion. 


Baptist Chapel, BellasisRoad. Sermons will 
be preached by Rev. Albert Young, to-morrow 
at 11 a. m. “ Enoch ” Gen. 3. 9 ; Evening at 6, 
“ My Father’s Business,” Luke 2. 49. 


The Rev. G. K. Gilder acknowledges receipt 
of the following contributions to the Anglo- 
Vernacular Mission School, M. E, Church, 
Egntpoora: I. Staples, Rs. 50; Jas. Staples, 
Rs. 30; T. Kersey, Rs. 30. 


Received Rs. 2-6, from " Amor Dsi Ducat ” 
for the House of Hope. 

There will be a series of Missionary meet¬ 
ings, Jan. 29-31, to which all interested in mis¬ 
sions are cordially invited, as follows ; 

Wednesday, Jan. 29 ; 

Tea-meeting at the General Assembly's In¬ 
stitution, Kalbadive, 7-30 p.m. 

Thursday, Jan. 30; 

Prayer meeting at Major Oldham’s, 7*30 a.m. 

Sermon—at Framjee Cowasjee Hall, 8 P.rc., 
Rev. D. Mackichan—Preacher. 

Friday, Jan. 31; 

Prayer Meeting at Major Oldham’s, 7-30 a.m. 
Addresses at Framjee Cowasjee Hall, 8 p.m. 

Tickets for the tea-meeting at one Rupee each 
may be obtained at the Tract Society’s Depot, 
and from Members of the Missionary Confer¬ 
ence. 


epitome of pcu^. 


Saturday, January 18. 

—The U. S, consul in Bombay, says : “ Re¬ 
ferring to a body of a European found a few 
days since, it may be the remains of John 
Keen, a seaman who fell from aloft on board 
the ship Genevieve Strickland on Saturday 
last. The man fell from aloft, struck the rail 
and fell overboard. The first officer dived after 
the seaman and came very near.losing his life 
attempting to rescue the man.” 

— A cdlege, jail, dispensary and many other 
new buildings are being erected at Baroda. 

—Pioneer : Jellalabad, Jan. 15. —The Sayid 


393 


of Kunar, a most influential and powerful chief, 
upon whom the Ameer relied for a jehad, has 
come in and is quite friendly. 

—A correspondent writes that a sum of 
| Rl3,000 was collected up to the 31st of last 
month as offerings by the pilgrims who repair¬ 
ed to Goa at the late exposition of the body of 
the Saint. 

—The number of students registered in 
Madras for the last matriculation examination 
was 2,647; for the First Arts 683, B. A. 237? 
M. A. 5, B. L. 38, and B. C. E. 5, For medical 
degrees there where none. 

—The Madras Times says that owing to the 
failure of the N.E. monsoon, the state of things 
in that Presidency is somewhat alarming.. 

—Bombay Gazette : “ At the meeting of 
Smith, Fleming’s creditors in London a* simple- 
minded creditor, who appeared not to- share 
the opinion of the majority of well-secured, 
creditors present that Mr. John Fleming,, 
should be regarded as a hero and a martyr, re¬ 
marked that, if Mr. Fleming knew, as it ap¬ 
peared he dicl, that he was hopelessly bankrupt 
in July 1877, it was a pity he did not say so 
then, in which case he, the creditor, who had 
lent him money in August, 1877, need not have 
appeared at the meeting. A more forcible com¬ 
ment on the immorality of conduct which Mr. 
Fleming has persuaded himself was just and 
honourable could not be made ;, and the share¬ 
holders of the Bank of Bombay may well echo 
it now, and ask why the partners in W. Nicol 
and Co. did not declare their bankruptcy in 
1870, instead of acting all these years the part 
of merchant princes,, and that capacity becom¬ 
ing Directors of a Bank from which, it appears, 
they borrowed six lakhs of rupees. If such 
concealment is not criminal, it is time that,, in 
the interest of confiding shareholders,, it were 
made so." The report that Mr. J. F. had come 
to Bombay, was a mistake. 

Monday, January 20. 

—Warrants for the arrest of Kessowjee 
Naik, Nursey Kessowjee, and other directors 
of the four Mills, have been issued. 

—Mr. Herbert "Birdwood, C. S’., Judge of 
Surat, has passed his examination, at Cam¬ 
bridge for the degixje of Master of Laws. Mr. 
Bird wood graduated as a Wrangler in- the 
Mathematical Tripos in 1858’, was the head of 
the second class in Natural Science in 1859 
( highly distinguished in Botany), and was the 
same year elected Fellow of St. Peter’s College. 

— Standard : The great problem 1 of the Si¬ 
berian Polar Sea, which has vexed the souls of 
navigators ever since 1556 : , has been 1 solved at 
last. The North-East passage has beeu forced. 
Capes Taimyr and Tachel joskin have- been 
doubled. The existence of an open waterway 
from North Cape-and Archangel to- Behring 
I Straits has been put beyond doubt. And al¬ 
though ;it is hard indeed not to wish that the 
glory of such a success should have- fallen to 
an English vessel, with an English captain and 
an English crew, our congratulations to* Pro¬ 
fessor Nordenskiold upon a triumph which 
crowns the labours of his life* n-eed not, on that 
account, be the less hearty or sincere, 

— Times of India : ** We have all read a 
minute and harrowing account of the suttee of 
the inconsolable widows of Sir Jung Bhhadoor 
immediately after the lamented death of that 
remarkable man. It was afterwards mention-, 
ed that only a few of the great Minister’s re¬ 
licts expired in the flames, and ultimately it 
come to be surmised that possibly only one the, 
t youngest and prettiest, died by fire; still it has 
i hitherto been believed very generally that Sir 
i Jung’s death proved the knell of a consider¬ 
able percentage of his widows, if not of the 
whole batch. This pleasing romance has, how¬ 
ever, been completely discredited by tbe arrival 
in Bombay, at 3o’clock on Saturday afternoon 
of the whole four of the widows in question, 
escorted by a detachment of the Ncpaulese 
army, under the personal command of General 
Jugot Singh—“ the Lion of the World”—the 






394 


THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN. 


January 25 




Commander-in-Chief, we are informed, of the 
forces of Nepaul. The ladies are en route to 
Dwarka, one of the five places of pilgrimage 
mentioned in the Shasters as possessing ex¬ 
traordinary sanctity. Juggernaut is another cf 
the five places in question, and Benares is a 
third.” ' 

— Bombay Gazette i Candahar, 10: A dis¬ 
banded soldier of the Amir’s troops to-day fired 
at Major St. John, Political officer, but for¬ 
tunately missed him. About the same time 
another fanatic wounded severely Lieutenant 
Willis, of the Artillery, and several soldiers. 
The first assassin is a prisoner, but the second 
was hacked to pieces. The city was thrown in¬ 
to great confusion, the shops being shut and 
the populace cleared from the streets. 

** Major St. John’s would-be assassin was to¬ 
day executed within the city. A proclamation 
has been issued warning people against carry¬ 
ing arms. 

— Bombay Catholic Examiner : “ The exposi¬ 
tion itself had been a complete success. The 
hopes and expectations entertained by His 
Grace had been more than realised. Thou¬ 
sands could bear witness to this; God had 
been glorified in the glory given to St. Francis 
Xavier, and in the conversion of the myriads 
who had taken the occasion to be reconciled 
with Him.” 

We should like to hear something more a- 
bout these myriads converted through the ex¬ 
position, 

Tuesday, January 21. 

—Metz, which at the census of 1871 had 
51,332 inhabitants, has now only 39,000. 

—At Calatagirone, Sicily, there was a violent 
shock of earthquake during service in the 
church. There was a rush to the door, and 
two women were trampled to death, while 
about twenty persons where seriously injured. 

—Jules Yerne's voyage round the world in 
eighty days has now been surpassed by Mr. 
Hara, American Consul at Alexandria (Egypt), 
who has done the journey in sixty-eight days. 
It took him twenty days to go from Alexandria 
to San Francisco by Brindisi, Paris, London, 
Liverpool, and New York ; twenty days also to 
go from San Francisco to Yokohama; six days 
to reach Hong Kong; ten days to travel from 
this latter place to Ceylon; aud twelve days 
more to go from Ceylon to Suez, when he got 
back to Alexandria in a very few hours. 

— Lucknow Witness : “ Dr. Humphrey who 
was so confidently expected, is not to return 
to India, at least for the present. A sudden 
change of health for the worse, just before the 
time when be expected to sail, caused him to 
alter his plans, much to the regret of the many 
here who were hoping soon to see him. The 
Rev. J. W. Gamble, recently from America, 
and previously appointed to Calcutta has been 
transferred to Agra to take charge of the Me¬ 
thodist interests in that place. What will be 
done with reference to the Medical Mission 
Training Institution, we have not yet been in¬ 
formed.” 

Mr. Nursey Kessewjee has made himself 
scarce in Bombay. He is believed to have taken 
refuge in Damaun. 

—The Bombay Gazette calls attention to 
*' the extraordinary spectacle of a board of 
directors permitting their agent to convert to 
his own use in one year the enormous sum of 
twenty seven lakhs of rupees belonging to the 
concern under their charge, and then coinciding 
in and abetting the attempt* of one of their 
number to compromise the affairs.” 

* —Whitehall :—“ It is our mournful duty to 
convey to the sorrowing Queen the respectful 
and sincere condolences of that section of the 
community more intimately connected with the 
Court and its surroundings than any other por¬ 
tion of her Majesty’s subjects.” 

•—On this the World says : The proprietor 
fch.3 Whitehall Review is au egg-merchant named 
Peacock, of the firm * Kurdin <fc Peacock,’ 
Wells-street j the editor is an ex-reporter of 


the Morning Post, and was formerly the sub¬ 
sub-editor of a third-rate country paper How 
are this tradesman and his * young man * * more 
intimately connected with the Court and its 
surroundings than any other portion of her 
Majesty’s subjects,* unless the one purveys the 
butter for the Royal household and the other 
the paper in which the butter is wrapped ? 

— The Bombay Cath . Trammer prints a letter 
sent to Bombay by a novice at St. Dominic’s 
Priory, Oarisbrooke, in which the following 
passage occurs :—“ I hope you do not forget 
our old director. Dr. Pusey—he is not a Catho¬ 
lic yet—but I hope, although we have outs trip - 
ed him in the race, he may yet be crowned. 
There hare been a great many conversions 
lately ; within the last six weeks 108—5 minis¬ 
ters, among them Mr. Orby Shipley, as I dare 
say you have heard—all Ritualists .”—The let¬ 
ter is dated Nov. 26,1878. 

—Pastor F. SciarelH in the Watchman : I 
copy now a letter which I have received from 
the Honourable Giovanni Lanza, the Minister 
who had the honour of establishing the Italian 
Monarchy in Rome. He sent it me after hav¬ 
ing read John Wesley’s life, which 1 translated 
from Mr. Leiieore’s book :— 

Reverend Mr. Sciarelli,—I thank you for 
the estimable book which you have kindly sent 
me,' and yet more for having offered me the 
occasion of reading toe edifying biography of 
the celebrated founder of Methodism. Such 
books are never read without profit and with¬ 
out feeling better in one’s soul. The author 
is right in observing that John Wesley’s evan¬ 
gelical propaganda contributed, more than 
anything else, to preserve England from the 
atheistical contagion and to moderate its 
character. As his maxims are the Gospels, 
therefore his success can only be attributed to 
his prodigious energy and to the fascination 
of his preaching. Would that every genera¬ 
tion and every Church might possess some of 
such ministers, abounding in faith, and zeal, 
and religious earnestness. The sacred fire 
would always glow amidst the peoples, and 
would be the true defence against corruption 
and decay. I take this occasion to express to 
you my gratitude for your consideration, and 
to sign myself, yours truly. G. Lanza. 

Wednesday, January 22. 

— Times of India : It may be that Mr. Kes- 
sowjee Naik made the fatal mistake of trying 
to secure too much for himself and to give too 
little to thecreditors. He is charged with that 
last and crowning blunder, and now the ruin is 
complete. His son is in Portuguese territory 
with a warrant issued for bis arrest, he himself 
has been brought up to Police Court on a cri¬ 
minal charge, and the other directors of the 
four mills of which his son was the agent, are, 
like himself, out on bail with a most serious 
charge hanging over their heads. The four 
mills in question are being wound up by order 
of the High Court. Some six thousand per¬ 
sons have been suddenly flung out of employ¬ 
ment at a moment when food in this city is as 
dear as when the fame was at its height. The 
prevailing distress is aggravated by the immi¬ 
gration of thousonds of famishing people from 
Guzeratand Kittyawar, where a great scarcity, 
if not an au actual famine, is emptying many 
villages and reducing the population at large 
almost to starvation. AU business has been 
brought nearly to a standstill in this city, and 
indeed in Western India generally. Until 
quite recently considerable quantities of grain 
were sent almost daily from our harbour to 
Guzerat and Kattyawar. Within the last three 
or four days this export trade has ceased, owing 
to the want of confidence which has become so 
painful a symptom of the commercial collapse 
of the time. 

“We hear that Mr. Adams has parted with 
one half share in his patent to utilize the sun’s 
rays by means of mirrors, for the not immode¬ 
rate sum of Rs. 2,000. The purchaser is inter¬ 
ested in tea plantations on the other side of 


India, and hopes to bring the patent into gene¬ 
ral use for drying and curing tea leaves.” 

—The Theosophicnl Society turns up again, 
in the N. York Herald, in a notice of adamo 
Blavatsky, a Russian lady : “ Bitterly in oppo¬ 
sition to Christianity, the creed of Theosophy 
—or rather the plan, for it acknowledges no 
creed—is more nearly in accord with th^ 
Buddhist belief than with any other known re¬ 
ligion of the present ago. The society was 
kept together by correspondence hy the social 
influence of Mme. BlavatskyV Salon. Taking 
a French fiat at Eight avenue aud Forty- 
seventh street, she furnished it in the most 
curious manner and crowded every room with 
strange trophies of travel. Oddities of all 
kinds, from Siamese idols to Parisian toys, fill¬ 
ed her parlour, while stuffed beatss and tropical 
leaves and grasses adorned the corners. The 
house was always open to her friends and their 
friends, and it was Liberty Hall. A freedom 
that never became licence marked the talk, and 
religious and philosophical controversy was al¬ 
ways in order. To this parlour came strangers 
from all parts of the world, and some of the 
best known citizens of New York were frequent 
visitors. The social nature of the evenings 
spent in the little parlor was a great element 
of the success (if it be a success) of the move¬ 
ment, for among those who went to see the 
woman there were many who fe’l under the 
spoil of her eloquence and became, for the time 
at least, theosophies.” 

.Thursday, January 23, 

—Calcutta, Jan. 22 : General Roberts # hftS 
opened heliographic communication from 
Khosfc with Banuu. A message despatched 
from Khost at four o’clock yesterday afternoon 
was received in Calcutta the same evening be¬ 
tween eleven and twelve o’clock. He reports 
that the country is quiet and the weather fine. 
The troops are healthy. 

Nawab Gholam Hasan Khan has been ap¬ 
pointed to conduct the civil government of 
Kandahar City under the supervision of Major 
St. John, who will hold general political super¬ 
intendence of the Kandahar district. 

It is understood that the Amir Shere Ali is 
now in the north' of Afghan-Turkistan, at a 
place near the Oxus. 

—The Thibet with English Mails left Aden 
for Bombay yesterday, 7 P. M. 

—Martin Weiberg, the seaman who took part 
in the robbery of 5,000 sovereigns from the P. 
and O. s. s. Avoca, aud who had been in cus¬ 
tody in Melbourne for some time, has made Ins 
escape. It appears that when in gaol he made 
a statement to the detectives that he had 
** planted ” a number of the stolen sovereigns 
near the selection which he took up on the 
Tarwin River, in Gipps Land, and offered to 
point out the spot. His statement received 
credence, and his offer was accepted. Inspect¬ 
or Secretan, the officer in charge of the de¬ 
tective department, accompanied by Detectives 
Duncan and Mahony, started with him for 
Gipps Land. On arriving at the Tarwin 
Weiberg stated that he had placed the sover¬ 
eigns in an iron kettle in the bed of the river, 
and a search was commenced. A whole day 
was occupied in this manner, and next morning, 
when preparations were being made.for resum¬ 
ing the search, Weiberg gave Detective 
Mahony, who was nearest 'to him, a blow on 
the stomach, and rushed awAy. He was follow¬ 
ed, but the police lost him in"the bush. It was 
solely on the strength of a statement made by 
Weiberg that Ellisfcon, the forAier chief officer 
of the Avoca, was arrested Recently in London, 
and that fact alone makes his escape a very 
serious matter. 

—Melbotirne Argus : “ It is now over .two 
months since the police camp in the Wombat 
Ranges was attacked by the Kelly gang of 
bushrangers, and the thre# policemen murder- 
ed. Not only have the four murderers .suc¬ 
cessfully evaded a large number of police vlx 
were sent immediately in pursuit, but mej ' 
have in the interim committed a dariug c'Jt- 



•January 25 


THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN. 


395 


rage at Euroa.” They took possession of the 
place in broad daylight, and deliberately plun¬ 
dered the bank. 

—The Indie Prak tsh :—We hear that Sir 
Richard Temple 1ms, after all, with his usual 
leadiness, written his views on the necessity of 
factory legislation for India. His Excellency, it 
recommends in a minute that the Bill 

.‘now drafted by the Government of India 
and sent to the Local Governments for opinion 
and suggestion be passed, and that the opera¬ 
tion of it, when parsed, be left to the Medical 
Depart rue at. 

Friday, January 24* 

-—Overland Mail; Jan. 3 : A gloom had set¬ 
tled upon the mind of Sir Wi II in m Huy ter a 
few days before ho was found drowned. He. 
thought that his possessions were slipping 
away from him. Until then the veteran had 
retained all his faculties, though he had reach¬ 
ed the age of eighty-seven. 

On the completion of his sixty-ninth year, 
on Dec. 29, Mr. Gladstone received a silver axe 
from “ a few admiring friends.” 

Mr. Gladstone has written an article “ The 
Friends and Foes of Russia” in a monthly con¬ 
temporary. 

The Daily 'New* prints a long letter from a 
military correspondent condemning the man¬ 
agement of the Khyber Fags march, and an in¬ 
dignant letter from Mr. Forbes, in which he 
cays that he has been “ utilised and then 
thrown over” by the Indian Government. 

“ Sir Henry Layard has proposed to the 
Porte to entrust the administration of the Cus¬ 
toms to a European committee, which should 
be charged to effect the withdrawal of the 
caimes by means of the surplus derived from 
the Customs duties. The minister of Finance 
has in consequence of these representations 
handed over the direction of the Customs to a 
Commission, composed of members whose 
names inspire confidence.” 

A railway will be constructed in Cyprus from 
Larnaca to Nicosia, and another from Fama¬ 
gusta to Limasol. 

The American correspondent of the Time* 
say's that resumption has been secured without 
• any financial disturbance, so persistently threa¬ 
tened. The Treasury on Thursday was to re¬ 
sume specie payment, receiving and paying 
gold and greenbacks for all debts at equal 
values. Gold is reappearing extensively in or¬ 
dinary circulation, every one believing that re¬ 
sumption will be permanent. The same corre¬ 
spondent states that a new line of eighteen 
British steamers will with the new year begin 
tiaffic from New York to Liverpool, Havre, Ant¬ 
werp, and Hamburg, in connection with the 
New York Central Railroad, called the Unicorn 
Lin-*. It will carry grain and provisions on 
through bills of lading from the West to 
Europe' J 

From the ** Catholic Directory ” for 1879, 
which has just been issued, it appears that 
there are in Great Britain at the present time 
twenty-one archbishops and bishops of the Ro¬ 
man Catholic faith, 2,175 priests, and 1,816 
churches. These figures show an increase over 
the previous. year of thirty-nine priests and 
thirty-eight churches. In Soctland, where the 
hierarch has been reeently re-established, there 
are six bishops, 272 priests, and 264 churches 
and stations. '/ 

—Lieutenant Willis, who was stabbed at 
Kandahar, has siued died. 

—The strike at jOldham has come to an end, 
after five weeks o^a struggle that- was hope¬ 
less from the first. The loss to the hands by 
this ill-advised attempt to resist ail inevitable 
reduction of wages is estimated at not less than 
£60,000, or at the rate of £12,000 a week. 

—Death last week, 441. 

—The full text of th« allocution delivered by 
His Holiness Pope Leo XIII. and addressed to 
'Mhe members of the Sacred College of Cardinals 
Christmas Eve, is being officially forwarded 
to their Eminences, After some allusions to 


the religious aspect of Christmas, His Holiness 
refers at length to the present condition of 
civilized society, and says :—“ Whenever in 
former times society has, through its own 
faults, permitted itself to fall from the dignity 
it had attained into misery and depravity, the 
Church has saved it by the supernatural power 
of the Redeemer. The present age, iu which 
all truth is fullof tribulation, possessesno other 
means of escaping those evils than by return¬ 
ing to Christ and to peace with the Church. 
The spirit of pride and so-called iiiGependence 
which now troubles society and overthrows 
Bocial order, gives no sign of safety' except in 
submission and Christian obedience 1 No more 
salutary remedy for the unquenchable lust of 
gold and terrestrial pleasure can be found than 
thejtemperate,self-abnegation,and self-sacrifice 
' of the faithful Christian. Real peacq 6an only 
be given to society by the extension of a purely 
Christian spirit—for real peace is based on 
order, and canuot be found in the mdn whose 
senses are not fully subject to reason and 
whose reason is not submissive to the Almighty. 
It cannot be found in society if the authority 
and the laws which rule society are ncA entire¬ 
ly in cousonauce with the unchangeable prin¬ 
ciples of truth and justice, of which the‘ Church 
is the guardian. Knowing that it has been 
left open to the nations to be redeemed and 
that by the Infinite Wisdom objects are often 
attained by hidden and unexpected methods, 
we have no doubt that even now the worl i will 
be again pacified and rehabilitated by the pow¬ 
er of the Church and that the ruin to Che 
verge of which it has been brought will tend tip 
make its security greater and the triumph of^ 
the Church all the more glorious.” 

—General Stewart marched on the 15th from 
Kandahar towards Khelat-i-Gilzai upon a re¬ 
connaissance, General Biddulph will push on 
as far as Girishk on the Helmand, westward. 

— Pioneer; Jellalabad, 22: “The impression 
is gaining ground that Yakub Khan will not 
treat with us, as now five weeks have elapsed 
since the Amir left Kabul. The native belief 
is, that lie means religiously to keep to the 
vow his father imposed upon him when order¬ 
ing his release, namely, that he would do 
nothing without direct orders from the Amir. 
The latter in fact said, “ Here I place you in 
Kabul as Lieutenant-Governor while I go to 
Russia to seek aid. Your dnty is simply to 
maintain order here until I return. Swear that 
you will do nothing without mv command.” 
This oath was taken by Yakub Khan, whose 
present capacity Afghan Sirdars describe as 
very feeble. It is reported that the Amir is 
now in Afghanistan, and doubts are entertain¬ 
ed whether his crossing into Turkistan was 
more than a ruse.* 9 

Chr. Sacretary : The marvellous work at 
Ongole, among the Teloogoos is extending to 
other stations. Mr. Williams, writing from 
Ramapatam, October 3, says:—“ The students 
are bringing in a good many for baptism now. 
We are working the field around Kamapafara 
fen miles west and ten north and south of us. 
Baptized 130 the last two months.” 


PteWamj. 


—Writing-of thope who were killed bv the inha¬ 
bitants of New Britain last April Mr. Horsley says 
in the Watchman: 

Some years ago I interested myself in procuring 
from our native ministers, catechists, and teachers 
autobiographical statements, bearing more espe¬ 
cially upon their conversion to God. In turning 
over these papers I find that our late friend and 
brother in Christ, Silas, had furnished me with a 
long and interesting account of the leading inci¬ 
dents of his life. 1, therefore, furnish them, be- 
leaving that they will be of interest to the publio at 
this time. 

“ This is the account of my life. I was bom in 
heathenism, and continued therein until I grew up 
to be a young man, I gave myself to the ways of 


the wicked ; but the great wickeduess which I then 
committed did not then appear to bo sin, but was aa 
that which is sweet to the taste; so it continued 
until the time in which Ban embraced Christianity* 
Christianity was then spoken of in all the towns 
around us as a commendable and a chief-like pro¬ 
fession. My father and mother, and also the mem¬ 
bers of our tribe, embraced Christianity, whilst I 
alone refused, and determined to continue a heathen. 
My father and mother besought me, and continued 
for a long time their entreaties, and the chiefs of the 
town also pressed me to give up heathenism, forthey 
were vexed with me. I, therefore, because of thia 
pressure, one Sabbath-day took upon myself the pro¬ 
fession of Christianity, but it was contrary to my own 
mind. I, therefore, continued to violate the sanctity 
of the Sabbath-day. After a while, when many daya 
had passed, I went to the Bervice on the Sunday 7 j 
morning, and then resolved to go to my garden, and 
work at it; when, as I was in the path, and before 
I reached the place, a great fear fell upon me. I 
looked forward, behind, aud around, but I could eee 
no one. I greatly trembled j my soul fearod, I 
retreated backwards, fearing to tarn round. I 
knew that the thoughts in my heart and my ways . 
were an abomination to the Lord. Since the morn¬ 
ing there had been a great change in me, from the 
thoughts and resolves about my garden, to the 
desire to read and know God’s Word- I longed to 
pray, and from that time I prayed as I had never 
d°ne before. It was now my study to read and to 
know God’s Word, and my old companions Boeing 
this tried hard to draw me away ; but my thoughts 
were intent upon religion My friends and rela¬ 
tions also, when they saw that I busied myself so 
about Christianity, endeavoured to stop her and 
urged that I should not be over zealous in religion* 
Their words were very displeasing to me ; I there¬ 
fore fled ont of the house I gave myself to prayer 
and the reading of the Word, but found no rest. 

I sought earnestly for the way of life, but I could 
not >find it until at length I read in Acts xvi. 31 
this K-ord—■“ Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and 
thou shoJJ be saved.” This ward gave me rest. I 
joined society and visited the teacher for instruc¬ 
tion, and thenSafter due time I was called out into 
the work of th£ Xord. I was appointed to the ' 
towns whioh were heathen, for upon my heart there 
was always a strong love fOi^nay friends who were 
nign unto destruction.” * 

I have little more to add to this testirfrtfuy*dmyijad^ 
stating that for many years past he laboured iu 
Fiji successfully as a native minister, and was held 
in great respect by those who knew him. His 
offer to go to the new mission with Mr. Brown was, 
after careful consideration, accepted, and he pos¬ 
sessed the confidence of the missionaries and native 
agents. The Rev. Mr. White speaks of him as 
having been a good, sound, and effective preacher 
of the Gospel. Ho has finished his labours j his 
memory is blessed; and hie work will follow him. 
He has the high honour of being the first martyr of 
the new mission. We have had many trnly noble 
men among our dark fellow-labourers in Fiji; and 
now Silas Naucukidi will take rank among the 
trnlv honoured names of Peter Yi, Joel Bulu, 
Mathias Yave, Joel Kefceca, and Aaron Fotofili. Aia 
to supplying his place, there, will be very little dif¬ 
ficulty, except the peculiar one of choosing the most 
suitable from several volunteers. Our mission 
workers in Christ’s field are like the long, thin line of 
British soldiers when in battle array—if one in the 
front rank falls, each one behind is enger to spring 
to his place Brother Abel Kaibure, who is now 
acting as deputation in #outh Australia, when ho 
heard of the fall of his friend, said, “ If my health 
is good when I return to Fiji, I shall go to New 
Britain.’* And that too in the spirit of Christian 
self-sacrifice. In his speech on Tuesday evening 
he referred to the massacre, and told the people 
that his heart wept; but he added, “ When Mr. 
Baker fell, ten of ns fell with him. We don’t want 
the missionary to fall alone. The blood of Silas 
calls to me, “ Come over to New Britain/ and 
when I have done this work J am going.” And 
then, rising into the spirit of prophecy, he exclaim¬ 
ed, “New Britain is ours; the soed has beep water¬ 
ed by the blood of the martyr, and must prevail.” 
Truly, it will be thus seen that we have in our work 
men filled with the spirit of the Master, and, whilst 
it is thus, wo can have no fear as to the result. 

—Rev. J. Davis, Kyoto, Japan,, in the Ad¬ 
vance : 

You ask, What does a missionary do ? -My 
special work is to lay my heart beside the hearts 
of a hundred young rpen in our training school. 



&96 


THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN. 


January 25. 


- ■_ 


They arcfbm over twenty different provinces, 
and many of them come having heard nothing 
ot Christianity* 

To meet them, to interest t hem, to hear their 
jojK and Borrows ami help them with counsel 
and sometimes with money from my own peck* 
efc;, is a large and never-finished strain. Then, 
to give thelogioal instruction to the advanced 
clasps, including exegeses of nearly the whole 
Bible, and to do this tu the vernacular which 
contains but Few theological terms, is not easy 
work. Then since our force of teachers is too 
email, we must double op the classes and rofple 
ouraelvos around the several chairs, this year 
filling, for example, the chairs of apologetics, 
systematic theology, and Old Testament ex¬ 
egesis; next year, the chairs of pastoral theolo¬ 
gy, and Old Testament exegesis ; next year, 
the chairs of pastoral theology, homiletics, and 
New Testament exegesis, and so on. 

The school is not the wholo of our work, how¬ 
ever- We are in a city of 300,000 people, Dun 
house is near the centre of it and hundreds o ' 
the people come, most from curiosity, to bcj 
the foreign home and tilings, and a few to in 
quire about i/ie way. Never to be too busy ti 
etop and see those callers, nor out of patieuc 
while they atay hoar after hour, utterly uncos 
scious of "the value of time, while you would 
xell yours for a dollar a minute* is an art whii 
X hare been trying to learn [or nearly aevi 
yea re, without wholly mastering it- 

Then our house is a chapel, filled on 
Sabbath with two Sabbath schools and 
preaching service, with an Inquiry meeting 
a prayer-meeting on two evenings of 
and a woman's meeting on one a£ 

Then we have a compan 

f o out into towns 
fty miles, an< 




FALSE SHAME- 
Ax Agkesx # 

BY RF,V. W. H AS tt. H. AITKIN. M.A, 

Delivered *m E&sUr Midi. 

*' Whosoever, therefore, shall be ashamed of 
j{ and of My words in this adulterous and 
pfafn l generation, of him also shall the Son of 
Man bo r*shamed when lie coniofch in the glory 
Ot His Father with the holy angels'* (Mark 
viih $fo). 

Why should any man be ashamed of the re¬ 
ligion of JqsiU Christ f 1 It is a question that 
naturally suggests itself to our minds when we 
contemplate the moral phenomena by which 
we are surrounded. It is a fact, an obvious 
fact, that a targe number of persona are asham¬ 
ed of the retigmnof Christ. T think I must go 
furtherj and say, that of all the various causes j 
which conduce to keep men who are more 
or leas interested in religions things at a dis¬ 
tance from the God to whom their hearts be- 
long, there is none more successful in prodtto* 
ithis result than a form of false pride and 
eitame. Especially is this the case with those 
who arc ’more or loss brought under the force 
of rtdighus imrassiom 

i n addressing an audience of men, oho ia 
aware that there are a great many antagonistic 
Influences at work in their hearts ; but of all 
those adverse mfi.ieiices, 1 do not know any 
that one is more frequently defeated by, so to 
speak, than this power of shams. We meet 
with men who are convinced that their heart:* 

* The as well as others of the series to 

foUriir ia these papr??, r.ce revised by the author, and 
ar* Mpf ri^ht- f We haff flrkly given a portion of it. 
Kb. 0i,G-l 


need Climt. They are burdened h r the ***** 

of their sin ; they aro supremely miserable; 

f ot aluufckoring desire after better, 
u “" rigs, yet they shrink from 

They hover, us it were, 
of the cross oE Calvary ; 
el» it. And why not ? 
ained lo bear the reproach 
HIb livery, 

some onuso> Did it; ever 
,rour to work out this 
ashamed of the Christian 

real thing, this shame nf re* 
ary, there are, as you know, 
r of religions in the world, 
Ich no such feeling exists, 
t those who profess other re- 
CkristmUt whatever mivy bo 
Or their religion, arc not li¬ 
fe admitted, o£ the faith that 
is a thing worthy oE notice, 
and there you will find men 
ted victims of superstition, 
nmed oF their religion- Your 
is not ashamed of the supersti- 
hlm to undergo an almost in- 
hard a hip and drudgery, and 
pose hunself to a considerable 
1 suffering and torture. He is 
ifc. Not only is It the case 
| ia proud of his religion, but-hls 
"look up to him with a feel- 
ion, You will not find the rank 
heathen pointing the fi tiger 
y any particularly devout religion- 
y'ng, L - There is a man that car- 
too far.** On the contrary, 
he raortT devout a man Is, the more he Is 
eapeeted. It is the same with the ATussul- 
; an; he Is not ashamed of hla religion. No 
tterwho is present, when the time comes 
prayer, those Turks whom we—I was going 
<j my deservedly—deapisc (no doubt, gome of 
them" are despicable) go down on their knee*, 
and worship the God of heaven. Whoever is 
looking, it makes no difference to them. They 
seem to be altogether strangers to the feeling of 
riiatnh* Further, when we come nearer home, 
and contemplate the various forms of the Chris¬ 
tian religion itself, did it ever occur to you to 
notice that, Inst in proportion as the religion 
of Christ is debased and deteriorated, until it 
bus almost ceased to have any relics of its 
I original self about it, just in that proportion 
will men cease tn be ashamed of it. Is it not 
a remarkable thing? Go to the east of Europe, 
to Russia or Bulgaria, yon will not find that 
men are ashamed of the corrupt form of Chris* 
tiainfy that they there profess, l was reading 
the other day In the papers of a Bulgarian cab- 
driver—at least, in oar country ho would have 
bees i cal 1 ed a Cab -driver. He Was tinti TOy i ng an 
unfortunate newspaper correspondent for a con¬ 
siderable distance from cue town to another. 
On his way be happened to pass a sacred 
spot. The newspaper correspondent was in a 
great hurry to proceed. It mode no difference 
to that man. He gets down from the box of 
his carriage, kneels down reverently fey the 
wayside Cross, folds his hands, and commences 
his devotions* Vainly the English passenger 
inside the carriage expostulates with him, and 
tells him he is in a great hurry to get forward. 
It makes no difference to him ; there he kneels, 
until his prayers are done. He was not a* 
shamed of hts religion. Morally, his religion 
did not seem to produce any favourable effect 
upon the man; and perhaps yon will not be 
surprised to hear that he charged double fare 
at the end of his journey, religion or no reli¬ 
gion. Yet, though it did not make him an 
honest man, he respected his religion, and his 
compatriots would have respected him for 
standing by it. It would Lave left a stain upon 
hia < baracter if he had passed by that sacred 
spot, 

it not a remarkable thing that just in pro* 
portion as there is little fipirkimlity in the 
Christian religion, man eeases to be ashamed 


?re is one thing wSi c.iih 
> ttfc. it—that is. tba®hinttf 
, ol that religion* W nos 


of it. Go to Ireland in our own day. I sitf - 
most of its Protestants uni in the habil ..•! ri 
gat'd mg the Roman relight os cturnpr and 
aujferstitibiifl* But there ; 
not help admitting about ; 
who make a profession of i 
ashamed of it. You will see the 
happening in Ireland as t have just 
in Bulgaria; you will see people kneelldovi. 
by the wayside cross, eounring oveafej^i 
beads, o-ud muttering over their prayer® iftbi 
thej^ are not ashamed of their rehgioii T ^ 
it may not do very much for them. 

Now, come to our own country, ana 
find tbe same rule obtaining; Just j 
tips as religion becomes spiritual, or is present¬ 
ed to the human heart in a spiritual form, men 
are ashnrued nf it ; and jpsi in no fur it la 
pronen ted to the heart in a carnal form, and bna 
no spirituality ia it, men are not a^hnuied o! it. 

Yob take your raspectable yeomar- down in the 
country who has got his family pew. where bis 
father sat before him. and h\s grandfather and 
great-g ran dlather before that—they have all sn% 
there for generations. This respectable mnu* 
when on the Sunday mornings he pats on hid 
best coat and boat fiat, anil takes bis stick and 
trudges to church, has as little idea of anything 
in that performance that anybody could be 
ashamed of n* have any of those Ro-nmn Catho¬ 
lics in Ireland, or Greek (jTirhstiaiis in Bulgaria^ 
to whom I imre refenmh It would ti&vcc occur to 
such a man to be ashamed of hi if religion, Soph 
as it Is. Ashamed of it I Don’t I belong tptlio 
EstabliBbcd Church of the land, and ia it not a 
respectable thing to be iible t*\ say that ytou 
Sunday by Snndriy, in the very pew your fore¬ 
fathers sat in before you r Tlie man m not 
ashamed of anything in his religion ; but let 
that same man be brought under the influence 
of the Gospel, let tls,e Word of God lay bold of 
the man’s conscience and convict him of sin ; 
lot him be led to feel the need of a Saviour nud 
be moved to make an nnconditional surrender 
of himself to bis Saviour—what then P I will 
answer for k r that one of the first thoughts that 
rises in his mind will be, “ Now, if 1 take this 
step, I wonder what my neighbour farmer?’ will 
my at the next market, t wonder what neigh- 
bowr So-aml-so will Hay if I ttvni ft saint, or ,> 
Methodist- or anything of that kind. I shall 
lose the good opinion of all n>y aetjuaintance, 

I shall have to give an account of myself wheu 
we meet at the fair yonder. They will be ask¬ 
ing what has happened to roe.** When a man 
becomes acquainted with real spiritual godli* 
ness afe distinct from formality, there we find 
this strange spectre caijfed sliamb rising up be* 
tween him and His own internets. He would 
fain bcjcome a true Christian and enjoy real re¬ 
ligion ; but instead of seeking it.be shrinks from 
it, hesitates, and becomes the victim of moral 
cowardice, just because the force of this antago¬ 
nistic power seems to him irresistible. He 
cannot face the reproaches Lq which he knows 
he will foe exposed if once he takes his stand 
for Christ. I& it not remarkable ? 

Now, when you come to think of It, there is 
nothin# to be ashamed of in the religion of 
Chri&t, ia there, If you look at it raUmially ? 

And yet men are ashamed of it. In the first 
place, let us regard it merely from ail intellect* 
nal point cf view. Take this Bible, and put it 4 
side by side with the Koran, for instance. Sure* 
ly the comparison is all Ip favour of the Bible. 
There is no intelligent man who will study the 
two books but is constrained to admit that, 
even in a literary point of View, they admit of 
no comparison. The poetry W the Bible i$ in¬ 
fill icely to the pog^ of other prqfcsa- 

ed revelations ■ tfitrtfiWqfogy of the Rib!*, how 
much mom perfect and complete it is than any, 
thing that can be met with in books which 
contain the supposed sacred writings of other 
erceifa I Or If you will look ut the rhetoric of 
the Bible, as exhibited, fpr instance, ia the 
writings of Paul, bow much more fofcibir 
than similar compositions connected witlrivV 
faiths 1 It will bear comp&riaon with any 
buck iu a iiterary point of view that vu 

p * T 




























January 25. 


THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN.- 


397 


bring; in contrast with it, and will come off with 
more than triumph. 

Or, if you please, consider it in an ethical 
point of view. Where will find such morality as* 
tinned in this Bible ? If you will take the 
V'cmoa on the Mount, and Aristotle’s Ethics 
. .d read them side by side, and compare them 
with each other, as I have done, you cannot help 
coining to the conclusion that the New Testa¬ 
ment has the advantage all round, and that 
this despised peasant of Galilee, contrived to 
produce si scheme of morality beside which the 
most famous production of the most famous of 
philosophers has to give place, and fall into 
the shade. 

How do you account for it ? Here is a reli¬ 
gion from a literary point of view so worthy 
of admiration, from a moral point of view enti¬ 
tled to our respect. It is a religion historically 
connected with some of the grad nest incidents 
in the annals of humanity ; it is a religion that 
has its gorgeous fanes and sumptuous cathe¬ 
drals ; it is a religion that has its endowed 
churches and recognized hierarchies; and yet, 
with all its golden associations, so to speak, the 
fact remains the same, and we have to explain it 
•—that wherever this religion lays hold, in its 
spiritual power upon a human heart, bringing 
the claims of God to bear upon that man’s 
conscience, there rises within him a certain 
sense of shame. And many a man is kept 
back from the acceptance of Christianity, not 
because he does not think he needs it, not be¬ 
cause lfe is not convinced, not because his heart 
is not stirred ; but just because he feels that, 
if he takes the decisive step, he must of neces¬ 
sity expose himself to rcdicule and reproach. 

Now you have got to explain this. If you 
are a thoughtful man. you will think this pro¬ 
blem over until you get a satisfactory solution. 

Ton will say, “ How do you account for it ?” 

I will tellyou in afew words. What do you think 
must hzvje been the state of popular feeling in 
the kingdom of David at the time when Ab¬ 
salom unhide his successful rebellion, and suc¬ 
ceeded in obtaining the throne that belonged to 
his father ? If we had lived in those days, and 
• had been bold enough and brave enough to 
stand up for the old king David, to wear his 
livery, and acknowledge ourselves his servants, 
we should have found that, instead of our be¬ 
ing regarded as previously, as doing the pro¬ 
per thing, in steed of having flattering words 
spoken of us, and the murmur of approval 
sounded in our ears, on the contrary, we should 
have become singular, peculiar. People would 
have pointed the finger, and said, “ Here is a 
man that follows David: away with him! 
What a spendid man is Absalom !—one of the 
handsomest men that ever lived—a soldier 
from head to foot, every inch of him. A grand 
man is Absalom. Few nations have got such 
a king as Absalom.” That was the popular 
feeling at the time ; and if any man had stood 
up against that feeling, he would have made 
himself peculiar, and exposed himself to scorn 
and disgrace. 

There is a usurper that sits upon the throne 
of this world. Our blessed Lord Jesus Christ 
makes no secret about it. He calls him “ the 
prince of this world.” He has no rightful 
claim ; but he is, a prince, none the leas. He 
is enthroned, it mhy be,-my dear brothers, in 
the heavts of some of /you ; and I doubt not 
that he is. When Be was in the world there 
was nothing that Suan so cordially hated as 
the recognition of wmkingship of Christ. And if 
any man now willjaVgontent to wear a decent 
and respectable religion which does not involve 
the recognition of the kingship of Jesus, Satan 
will have nothing to say against that man; he 
will escape persecution and ridicule. If your 
religion ia merely a sort of thing you put on out¬ 
side aa a respectable clo*k over an otherwise 
godless and unspiritual life, Satau has no fault 
find with that: that is simply oneway of wear- 
'■b^’ais livery, and doing his work. But if you 
receive Christ into your heart, the moment 
that you do, the prince of this world will rise 
ap against the new power that has entered 1 


your nature. No sooner was Christ born into 
the world, than “ Herod sought the young 
child, to destroy Him;” and no sooner is 
Christ born into the human heart, than the 
prince of this world tries to shut Him out of 
your heart; and in order to do so, he brings all 
the forces of the world to bear upon you ; and 
one of the forces he brings to bear is this pow¬ 
er of shame; so that a man may be convinc 
ed of his need, and be disposed to seek salva¬ 
tion, and yet lose his soul, because he is asham¬ 
ed to wear the livery of the God to whom he 
belongs .—(Word and TForfc.) 


WHAT IS YOUR LIFE ? 

BY REV THEODORE L. CUYLER. 

This is a question that will bear to be often 
asked. The Apostle James gives one very true 
and suggestive answer—“ It is even a vapor 
that appeareth for a little time, and vanisheth 
away.” One reason why this plain-speaking 
apostle put the brevity and uncertainty of life 
so strongly, was that he wished to break up 
our reliance upon the treacherous “to-morrow.” 
It is so common to say that to-morrow we will 
do this or that, so common to build on a future 
that is not ours, that the apostle tells us so 
solemny not to build on a bank of fog. For 
such it really is. The most gorgeous cloud 
that floats over the couch of the setting sun 
is but mere vapor that soon vanisheth away. 

We call some lives long, because they reach 
to the allotted threescore and ten. But a little 
arithmetic will show that the actual working 
period of such a life is short. We must deduct 
twenty years for the preparatory stage of 
childhood and youth, for getting hold of our 
tools, and learning how to use them. This 
leaves 18,250 days. Of this abridged time we 
must deduct about one-third for sleep, and that 
leaves only 12,000 days. It is hardly too muoh 
to say that fully one-half of this remaining 
time is commonly consumed in eating, drink¬ 
ing, washing, recreation, exercise, and various 
other unproductive occupations. When all 
these deductions have been made, there are 
only six thousand days of solid time left for 
effective activities. So that a man of three 
score and ten, has only a working life of a little 
over fifteen years ! 

Yet if these fleeting years are consecrated to 
life’s highest end, and packed full of service to 
God and humanity, they may work wonders. 
Bacon revolutionized physical philosophy, and 
Newton weighed the globe during their brief 
span of existence. James Watt carpeted the 
stormy seas with his steamships, and set his 
engines to humming on every continent, before 
his own vapor vanished away. It both tires 
me, and shames me to read what Richard Bax¬ 
ter achieved—-how amid all his constant preach¬ 
ing, catechising, and thorough pastoral labors, 
lie managed to write 160 volumes ! One of 
these, the “ Saint’s Rest,” was glory enough 
for a lifetime. We had in our American Albert 
Barnes a fit companion for Baxter. Mr. Barnes 
never neglected the claims of either pulpit or 
parish, yet he contrived to prepare commentary 
on every line of the Bible, and to write a score 
of treatises besides. I never saw him in a fret 
or a hurry. I can name Christian merchants 
who seem to double every four and twenty 
hours by industry, .and systematic devotion to 
“ the King’s business.” Are such lives a va¬ 
por? Yes; but they are full-freighted clouds, 
which pour down copious showers upon many 
leagues of parched and thirsty humanity. It 
would seem as if such lives as Banyan’s, Watts’s 
Wesley’s, Howard’s, and Matthew Henry’s, 
never stop raining their blessings on us. 

If life to a self-con secrated servant of Jesus 
Christ is rich and remunerative, there are 
thousands to whom it is a mere frolic. Its 
practical motto is “ Eat, drink*,'anrl be merry; 
to-morrow 1 die.” This is a shocking suicide, 
even though it be done with jest and jollity. 
What sober faces some of these trifiers will 
wear at the day of Judgment! Mirth and 


madness here ; remorse and ruin forevermore. 
The vapor of such godless lives will turn into 
the smoke of torment which ascendeth from the 
eternal pit! Yet what a multitude of young 
men and women in our congregations have no 
other idea of life but a merry-making, or a 
chase after phantoms. 

It is a tremendous truth, though constantly 
forgotten—that this vapor of human life never 
appear and disappear but once. “It is ap¬ 
pointed unto man once to die.” This we all 
admit; but do we as fully realize that it is ap¬ 
pointed unto us only once to live? If we 
could come back hither from the unseen world, 
and try our probation over again, how differ¬ 
ently would we use the golden hours. 

How busily that now indolent Christian 
would work ! How faithfully we pastors would 
preach righteousness and the judgment to 
come ! How eagerly that rich man would de¬ 
vote his money to the Lord’s service I With 
what quick haste would that impenitent soul 
snatch the offered gift of salvation ! Oh ! how 
differently would we all live—if the light of an 
actual visit into the eternal world were shining 
on a second probation ! 

But even as the leaves now lying under yon¬ 
der cherry-tree will never touch those branches 
again, or be kissed by another Summer’s sun, 
so my life and your life,—kind reader !—will 
never have another moment of probation be¬ 
yond the tomb. Yerily it is now or never with 
us. It is either a life for Christ here, or an 
undying death without Him in the world to 
come ! Which shall it be ? Shall this fleet¬ 
ing vapor of existence glow like a rainbow, with 
God’s smiles of approval,—or shall it darken 
into a cloud of wrath and blackness under His 
just frown P— (N. Y. Evangelist) 


FISHING FOR SOULS. 

BY REV. THEODORE L. CTJYLER. 

Peter’s call was to become a " Ssher.of meir” ^ 
This is a personal work. Every converted man 
or woman, who posesses faith, and an ardent 
love of Jesus, may engage in it. This is not a 
“ professional” business, restricted to a few,; 
and to be undertaken after a set fashion. Suc¬ 
cessful fishing for souls is not commonly ac¬ 
complished by a whole church attempting by a 
huge “drag-net” to bring in a maltitude-of 
converts at a single draught. It usually is an 
individual work upon individual hearts. The 
pastor often accomplishes as much by an hour 
of close personal conversation as by an an hour 
of public preaching. The Sunday-School tea¬ 
cher can reach his or her scholars most effect¬ 
ually by a private visit, and a faithful talk 
with each member of the class. Harlan Page’s 
admirable success can be best reached by Har¬ 
lan Page’s admirable plan—and that was to 
try to do some good to every one whom he 
met. 

He used letter-writing; he employed pri¬ 
vate conversation ; he was always lying in wait 
for his opportunity. A great many crude things 
have beeu said about revivals and their proper 
“ machinerybut there is one sort of soul- 
saving machinery as old as the apostles, and 
that is for each fisher to drop his own hook, 
baited with love. Sinners must be loved to¬ 
wards the Saviour : they cannot be scolded to 
Him. Harsh cutting rebukes arc as ineffect¬ 
ual as attempts to catch flies with vinegar. 
Paul’s process was “ to truth it in love.” An 
unconverted man will bear a tremendously 
searching talk if it is conducted in a frank 
loving spirit, and unmistakably prompted by 
affection. The real aim of conversation with 
a sinner must be persuasion; that is to per¬ 
suade the sinner to turn from sin to Christ 
Jesus. We must not go to him therefore with 
a blunt xt thon shall” but we must persuade him 
to say for himself " I will.* The Holy Spirit 
alone can move an unconverted man to this 
step, but the Holy Spirit will only work with 
us and by us, when we work in love. 



398 


THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN. 


January - *■ 


Not only must we love people in order to win 
fcliotn i we must convince them that wo do so. 
Our Lord hud no difficulty in ratio tiingZaccheus, 
when he braved the public odium against Zac* 
cheus In Jericho by offering to go and sit down 
with him at table. The first step in reaching 
the unpopular publican was to show a “ fellow- 
feeling’ 1 for him ; the key that unlocked that 
hard heart was sympathy. The only people 
who really possess any soul*winning p twer iu 
our congregations are those who have esta¬ 
blished a confidence iu their sincere piety, and 
also in their genuine benevolence. Unconvert¬ 
ed people sometimes phrase their feelings cm 
this wise—“It don't dome a particle of good 

for Mr. A-to talk to me about religion ; his 

Own religion is all hilk, I have no confidence 

in him. I believe in Deacon B-. He telle 

the truth ; be pays his honest debts ; he came 
to Hit up with my child when she was sick ho 
long* lie proves his faith by his works. He 
has a right to talk to me.” Guilty as the sin¬ 
ner may be in opposing God, and his own haI- 
wation, we nro never likely to win him over to 
the Lord’s side until wo hare won his confid¬ 
ence^ and done it too by the omnipotence of 
love. One secret of the prodigious power of 
Paul and the apostles was that they accom¬ 
panied their plain pungent preaching by such 
multiplied deeds of beneficence. He that win- 
fteth souls is wise. All other methods are folly. 

We pastors and teachers and church members 
are too often afraid, or unwilling to take hold 
of " tbe hard cases.” We go clear of them, 
and consider them past saving. The fish that 
bite readily are easily caught* But that inve¬ 
terate Sabbath-breaker, or yonder hard drinker, 
or that skeptical neighbor we are too apt to 
pass by as nopeless* That was not the apostolic 
method. The Divine Spirit which subdued 
Saul of Tarsus will attend us when we grapple 
*vith the most stoutly fortified rejecters of t. 


TELEGRAPHFC NEWS. 



FanX TfitJi ; The Ministry has made a statement 
to tin* Chambers which declares the country to be 
republican and pacific, and promises rigorous mea¬ 
sures against asfmi Sants of the Republic* It also 
assures a profit from t,lu> terminal on of existing 
treaties of commerce without any departure from 
the principles of Free trade. Changes are to be 
made of anti-Republican, commanders of army 
corps, unless theso should prove detrimental to the 
service. This official statement has been coldly 
received. 

17 th : The Press iu reviewing tbe programme of 
the Ministry condemn it as being far too mod orate, 
It is brdieved that a Ministerial crista ia inevitable, 

London, I 8 ih Sir Michael Hicks Beach* Secretary 
of State for the Colonies, addressing a meeting at 
Stroud yesterday uaid that England had been un¬ 
dersoil! in the markets of Europe anil America, and 
that the Government was therefore now endeavour¬ 
ing to extend British influence in Africa* He wag 
convinced, he said, with reference to European 
politics, that the tit riot execution of the Treaty of 
Berlin had no Kkehootl of disturbing tha relation* 
between Rums in and England. 

St Petersburg 19 tA: The K^mi-off mini A genre 
Eusse announces that, the Great Power* imvo as¬ 
sented to the extension of the functions of the 
Ron me linn Com mission, 

Londonj 20 th : Latest advices to hand from the 
Cape announce that King Cote way o has replied to 
the mminage from Sir Bnrtic Frere (Governor and 
High Comm iks ion or of Cape Colony) assenting to 
some of the demandn, but asking time to consider 
the others,. Thin ha* been positively refused, and 
CtJLtnrayo is nnw massing troops* 

Paris, : The com promise made between tho 
Ministry and the Republican leaders will, it is 
expected, involve*nme alterations amongst the offi¬ 
cials.—In eonaequenco of the compromise between 
tho Ministry and the Republican lendtfr^ the CKani- 
berof Deputies hE^^^d a in the 

" ini^tr •,gajnsnjfjlDj^pm’' 


Per Str* TrentMm HqiL £3 : 

Frmu L’rt'p «nf. MrAmJ \fr- IP Wnison, llifol 
w^y PfMile, Mr F Dwjuju. Ur T G F pdruir, Mr 
f'unt .ovl Mr* S H Atkin«0A nn-i child, Mr* 8>i 
Brirfcwoll, ntid Mr Albert Th^rnitm 
From 3«cx - M^jor H A T Nsp&m and Mr G T B 
Par P and O. Str JZpUuru* 23 s 
Ff-*m 
Tftrbfite, 

KlnnaAr, 

Fmnii BrlndivL—Mc^sr-i Hmd -net* A 33 Irht, 
fTchulrna If'tltfh, ft Jmmft* 0 T) H tft(fi«n* Ctot 
Tung, W H Tiyt*r, Ornnvcr* Mraui'I Mr* *Us T Out' 
Mr *nd Hr# McAllister, Major J Ynuiig, Sur K 
rtfi l Citpr R Kin X 
Fn«m Sue# Mr Mnn lut*. 

From Arlan* Oimdncr TJtnri Mr* Um chcH, S chili 
Intuit, nud GLlfiller A B;iltOr* 



tip + fill ! OL| lff/a I 

i Scmth-nupOm.-T,! at Oenar-tl Hnpinr-t. Hr B F 
e. Hr* Fiifrdhujfh, Mr J W Utkina, Mr am! i ** 



MASSACRE OF PROTESTANTS IN 
MEXICO. 

Le Soleil contain a an account of a terrible 
massacre, the 1 victims of which were a large 
number of Protestants in the little town of At* 
Eft!a, in the State of Puebla. The re-election 
of a Protestant, Signor Trinidad Cones, an 
Alcadu of Atzala, was the provocation for this 
crime* A mob of fanatics bad gathered around 
the residence of M, Sofca, but were dispersed, 
and the greater up inker imprisoned; upon 
which the (Raman) Catholics took up arms, 
released the prisoners, andgave themselves up 
to an [udiscrimiuatcTiJUKaaafe of the Protestants, 
More than 200 armed men made for the Town- 
ball, crying out Vim la Religion 1 “ D ath to 
the Proteljt&LiiU f b> ^ The Alcftde and the Muni¬ 
cipal Council Jora were the first victim a, and 
their corpses wore torn into a thousand pieces 
The assasaiud then divided themselves into 
several bands, and broke into the houses of the 
Protestants and massacred all who were on* 
nblo to escape. Their church was pillaged, the 
Bibles and furniture burnt, and then, when 
this work of carnage and destruction was con¬ 
cluded, the murderers quietly returned to their 
homes. Several Protestants were led away as 
prisoners to the surrounding mountain farms 
This is not the first time that similar atrocities 
have been witnessed in the State oF Puebla* 
Not a year passes without some murder being 
committed in the name of religion.—L* Chritt - 
tun isme an XIXt 8i$ch. 



iibro«' 

mi _ 

r>u _^ _ _ ilia for thrpd ycaTk Aft^r 

prdmotioii.—Tho Con&urvaLive eandhlate has been 
returned for North Norfolk by a lags majority, in 
place of tbe deceased mein be r.—The Accountant 
of the City of Glasgow Bank to*day testified that 
be prepared uccumte balance sheets of the Bank 
account**, wliich were altered in red ink under the 
direction of Me^rs. Potter And Stmuach. The «l* 
terations enormously understate the Bank's liabi¬ 
lity, 

St. Petersburg, £2tfd : The signing of the deficit* 
Svo treaty of pwiCe between Runum and Turkey is 
delayed on account of the former itiHistitig upon 
the subordinAtien of the Treaty of Berlin to the de¬ 
finitive treaty of Peace,—The Chinese Minister 
Chungbow, in presenting his credent inis, alluded 
to the 200 year* of friendship that have existed 
between Russia ami China, which he said are 
destined to form one family. 

Pam, £3r<f i M. Teisporene fie Burt (Minister 
for Agricalture and Commerce ) has resigned, 

London, S£8rd.* H. M. Troopship Malabar has 
arrived.—Consols remain unchanged at 96$. 


gomrstic ©mimiKW. 


BIRTH. 

CHtTfiCHILL* —On Christmas day t at Tonghn>o, 
British Rurnmhp thn wife of Capt 3etou Uhtirchdl, 
44th Rgt, of a Son* 

MARRIAGES* 

POGSOV— BETTS— January Nth, at th<i Cathedral, 
Bombay; by the Her. F L Sharpiu^ * harles 
Fogiion, to .remkna, yonnge^t daughter f>{ the Into 
George Betts. Em , of West 1’slbnry, >I»nex 

GEORGE—BROWNE—-January Ulth, at Trinity 
Church| Kurrnebec, by the Rev- J Higgins, IJmrV 
George Enginorr B L $ N. i o*. to llosanumd 
Mary, ol dost daughter of R Brow no, Enq. p K+^h ■ 
man* Telegraph I Jopartnient, Mnuem. Kurrachee. 

DOYLE— WlLI»—.Innnnry 20th, n% Kt* ’Mhumfu*' 
Cathedral, Edward John Doyle tq Marry Anno 
eldest daughter of Lieutenant* Wild* Cnmmis^arLvt 
Department* 

G’JAXT—GRANT—-Fannary 21 Kt, at t?oluba Castle. 
Ur B, M. Grant, to Gsacie, daughter of the late 
Lachlan Grant, Esq of Edinburgh. 

L 

at ^'Tjl. CHrStiiB IT»Ipji, 
J Fori'.**a f Cid)J{ aged 3 

n, Mr*. 

. djsen- 

Voanger daughter of John 
O'Connell, lie si-lent Engineer, B B. and (j. 1. 
Railway, aged 3 mouths aud 2fI days 


PASSENGERS SAILED* 

Per P, and Q. Str. ify<£aspc.5, 20 : 

Ft»r B'ndh.impt^n. -Mr J Tb^mpeeu, CKpt 1 J W King, 

R T K*'Skilly, Mr a WllWniten* Mrv Origor, Dr E L Robln- 
Mr* Sartrji-iufl himI 2 children, shd Mh W B Hurt* 

For Biln+Htf. -Mm Cwl C -4 MscMa hem. Mr* C A 

and linfaiftn, Mr ^uefMTBH Furrft, Oeneral 

.Tsxitiii JitiiGi R E Col Huiff* Mi G Prwu, Mi sod Mr* Eaton 
and Mr H C Wia>4, 

For Vcuice.—MrH King, Col HaucckK KIMiJB Cairnta, 
Hr Jonfpl'iKot!, Mr KT Mag&ur,m, tuid Dr R J Quiimcll 
For fluoi — Mf Cvlvpj* 


PASSENGERS ARRIVED* 

Per Str. Austria, £0 : 

From Gunoa,^-Colonel Mackey, Mrs Mackey, Mn Carow, 
Mr C-u-to Saviu, Mrn Gindin i H»ny, Mrs KnoWocband 
child, Mr Kno-doeh, M:e Jithier and three childrvn* md Mr 
Webiiiiituu. 

From S , 3 U£ 2 .— Mr O Fuller, nnd Mr W Jae^t, 


"BOMBAY GUARDIAN." 

Subscriptions rtevired fmm IHth to 25th 
January JW79. 

Dr. Henerv Wale, Hint Dec. J87P, Rs. 7*10; 
Wim M* T* Cary, 2nd Nov. 1879, Rs. 7*l»r- 
Mrs. Cazalet, 31si March 1879, Ks. 1-8; J. H. 
Elint,26th D^c. 1878, Ra, 1-1A-6 ; A. 2fitb 

July 1879 Rs* 10 ; R C- Dobbs, 31 it Dec. 1879, 
Rs. 7-10; Miss Lucy Drake* 30th April ISSQ, 
Rs, 2-5 j N* B, Beytsr, lOtli February 1880, 
R«. 7-10 ; J. Swettenhiiiiifi, 2nd February 1879, 
Rs. 7-10; Geo. Balard, August 1878, Ry. 
2-6 ; M«] or A. Bn tty e, 1st October 1879, Ra. 
7-10; Captain L. K. Battye, 111 at December 
1879, Rs. 9*4; Rev* J. T. Noyes, 31st Decern* 
ber 1879, Ra. 7-10; Miss Etta S, Chnndier, 
91st Dee. 1879, Rt*. 7-10; Rev. J. Reudal, 1st 
June 1879, Rs* M0;T.M. Scott. 30th Dec. 
1879, Rs, 7-10; Rev* T, S* Burnell, 31st Dec, 
1879, R* ,7-10. 





THE CATHOLIC PBESBYTERJAN 

FIRST NO* ISSUED THIS MOKTH, 

Per annum Rs, 7-8 ^Eclnsive of PI 
Addresa 

The SaperinteodenU 
Tract and Book S^ciet 

BomlfcT 






































•January 25, 

BOMBAY TRACT ABO BOOK SOCIETY- 

Fiuurs Life of Christ, 2 v$ls... 14 6 

Light ia the Dwelling.- 3 0 

Earnest words tor t?oxB|6StiDtt'en.-* I 9 
Life of RUdt&ixl K2 Q 
ji n r u lil 8 Coi 11 nu: u Lav 2 Vol& 12 $ 

limit's Ct i m*or dance 2 ,, & 3 2 

Lite of Rev* Win. Arnoft.-s,—- o 10 

Christ the Light of tin? World 

—Maedufe... 4 12 

French Pictures tlmwji by pea 

and pencil—. . 4 8 

The Floral Bouquet (a packet of 

4 hand some cards 10 in. x i 4 in) ! 7 

BOUND VOLS —?©R 1878, 

UoiH^ auui Leisure. Htmr 8 15 

OhattJ^^ -*•--*.*•*■! 14 

Ch^^eiiK Friend.,....1 14 

j^KlistribuUoii amougnt soldiers, sailors 
&T Rack.—Nos.- of periodicals for 1878 
at half price, 

AU orders to be addressed to 

The Superintendent 

Tract and Buok Society 

Bombay. 


THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN. 


399 


GRAT#DL—CffllFORTlNfi 

EPPS’S 

( BSEAKFAST ) 

COCOA. 


« Bv a thorough knowledge of the na¬ 
tural laws which govern t he opera lions of 
•digestion and nutrition, and by a careful 
application of the fine properties of well- 
M'lectcd cocoa. Mr* Epps has provided 
our breakfast tables with a delicately- 
Savoured beverage which may saveus 
in any heavy doctors bills. It is by the 
fudicioiis use of such articles of diet, that 
k constitution may he gradually built up 
until strong enough to resist every ten¬ 
dency to disease. Hundreds of subtle 
i iialiuli e& are floati i ig arou iu 1 us, really to 
attack wherever there h a weak point 
We mav escape marry a fatal shaft by 
keeping ourselves well fortified with pure 
blood and a projierly nourished frame.” 
—The Civil Ska^tci Caztiit. 


POONA SCHOOL 

The next term of the school opened in 
Poona under the auspices of the South i 
India Conference for scholars of all grades f 
up to matriculation will begin on the 6tli 
of January 1879L 

A good and convenient home has been ! 
provided lor girls and smaller boys by' 
Mrs* Miles, and a similar one is provided 
for boys only by Mr*. Robbins. 

TERMS ONE MONTH IN ADVANCE AS 


Sold only m Packets labelled 

JAMES EPPS & C0-, 

HOMEOPATHIC CHEMISTS, 

London. 


BOMBAY EDUCATION SOCIETY. 

BvcuUa Schools, Day-scholars are received 
on payment of fees varying from Rs. I to 5 a 
month according to the Standard, Half fees 
for second and all oth#r children of the same 
family, Standards IB In the Bo/fSShool, 1-5 
the Girls School, Apply ra the Head Master 
i^ady Superintendent* 

Byciilla, 3rd Sept. 


FOLLOWS; 

Rs. 

For boarding, lodging and washing 25 
„ two from the same family „ 45 
„ Tuition from Rs. J to „ 5 
„ Piano, extra, n 5 

Vocal music taught free. 

For fm ther particulars adders the 

principal. 

Rev* W. E. Robbing M.A., 
East Street, 

Poona. 


BOMBAY SCOTTISH EDUCATION 
SOCIETY. 

ByCDtLA SCHOOL—pAfiEiit Hoad* 

RimdltoiUr—Ma, Jaksb McDonald, I W i*h 

Hoad Hmrist-,Afar, McDonald, | Wi,d Ati&iAhmtfl. 

FORT SCHOOL—Rum mum Street, 

ire,i4 Mji, A. D. Smhatojt, 1 w -.. *.*, *, „ 

UeaJ Mtotr***—Mi*. ) With Assfatinta 

Musio Master—Ms. Joseph Scgmuce, 

French Master—Sio-voit Fjspkjjla, 

n’ MAOtmKR&ON. } Rvii|^ry Sairretarfea* 

BiujaLtp (Huya and Girlx) received by Sir, sud Mrs 
McDonald, Hiid by Ur. and .Mr*. SuicafcGd* 

Bombay, December, It7d. 


WELL WORTHY OF NOTICE AS A 
CERTAIN CURE 

For Bilious and Liver Cotajd&int*, Indigestion, 
Wind, Spasms, Foul Breath Nervoua Depro^pti, 
IrritabUfcy, Lars-utmlo, Losh of Appetite, P^ipopaia, 
Heartburn; Sour ffinictotious, Lowness of Spirits 
with deny jit ion of fullntjMA at the pit of the Stomach, 
Giddiness, Dizziness of the Byes Ac*, 

DP, SCOTT’S BILIOUS & LIVER 
PILLS 

STAND UNRIVALLED. 

As a General Family Aperient Medicine they have 
no eqaat T Being wild in their Operation, and grateful 
to the Stomach, they give a healthy tone and vigour 
to the differ-ent fi^oretions, causing the accessary or 
guns of the Stomach and Livor to resume their 
activity, thus restoring the appetite, promoting 
digestion, nnd strengthening the whole Nyatym, 

They can be taken at any time without t res train 
from huxinuKfl Or pleasure, hence they are a most 
valuable domestic medicine. Heads of households 
sln.tiM always have a box of ihette Fills by them, 
to resort to oil any alight occasion of ailing on the 
part of those under their charge, as by paying 
attention to the regular action of the Stomach, 
Liver, and Bowels, many a severe illuestf is avoided 
or mitigated They will be found in alight ease* 
by a single doec to restore health to the body, with 
a happy frame of mind 

Prepared only by W. Lambert, 1 a, Yore Street, 
London, W., England, In Bottles ONLY, ia. l£d. 
and 2s #d. Bold bv all Chemists. 

IMPORTANT CAUTION, -lie sure to ask for 
M Da, Sgott'u Rilioue and Liver PillsP’ in a green 
bottle, wrapped jq green paper, and having the 
name and address. 

WILLIAM LAMBERT* 

8, King William Street, Charing Gross, 

Engraved on the Government Stump Bo not, 
therefore, purohawo without seeing the Government 
Stamp over the cork of the bottle- 


SARSAPARILLA- 

WILKINSON’S ESSENCE OR FLUID EXTRACT OF 

BED JAMAICA SARSAPARILLA 

IS THE ONLY PREPARATION RECOGNISED BY 
THE FACULTY AS A WONDERFUL PURIFIER 
OF THE HUMAN BLOOD* 

It is not too much to ray that those suffering 
from the effneta of TROPICAL CLIMATES, stlch ^ 
TORPID LIVER DEBILITY. ATTENUATION OF 
BODY ERUPTIONS, LASSITUDE, &c. r will, by 
taking this extraordinary ESSENCE OF RED JA¬ 
MAICA SAHSAL'A RILL A rsoun find, rclkif anti 
ultimately a cure* It is asserted by those who i^ke 
a little daily ( in accordance with the instructiom* 
given b the eye tern becomes less liable to attacks* 
of illness 

We cannot speak ton highly of itJ” limited' 

14 Wo recommend y^nr Hid Jamaica BarsaparilUtJ* 
—AfwGcai AVi ieio. 

" The only preparation for removing what may bo 
called the sequehc of a mercurial course .”—Sit H* 
Martin- 

44 The late Lord Clyde, writing for a further sup¬ 
ply of TriEi’taaoiTs tfarxa par ilia, aays, I am never 
without it, for when feeling depressed or out of 
sorts from anxiety to fatigue, a dose or two animates 
me.” 

M Your Etf/nct of Red Jamaica Sarsaparilla' cure 9 
me a Torpid Liver after all other remodles faile^L^ 
Eiirl A Uvti(}ya.u.<jh> 

PREFAliP.0 ONLY BY 

Thomas Wilkinson, 270, Begeiit. Street, London, 

Sold m quarter, half, tvnd pint bottles, 
CAUTION—Many spurious, worthlffKrb and 
injurious preparations *r« offered to the Public, 
that both bottle and label have th* Name and Ad¬ 
dress, also Trade Mark— W. in a Diamond. 

WILKINSON’S 

:BEONC5IO THORAOIC lozenges. 


ABQMATIQ TINCTURE Of QTJIfiOJDINE. 

WHITMORE’S 

COMPOUND LINIMENT OP AENICA, 


STOMACHIC DINNER PILLS. 


HOUSE OP HOPE. 

This Home (now in Falkland Moad) is sup¬ 
ported by public contribatr ons. It is in need 
of funds* Address Mrs. R&atfci Falkland Hoad, 
near the bridge* 


PREPARED OJSLY BY 
THOS^ WILKINSON, ?70, Regent St., Lcrndoa. 
TREACHER jC Co*, BOMBAY, BYCULLa, 
POQSTA &c. 

and all respectable Firms in India. 


on 28 February, 2020 















































400 


THE BOMBAY GUARD I AY. 


January 23. 


ANIIOR LINE OE STEAMERS. 

BOMBAY TO LIVERPOOL AND THE MEDITERRANEAN PORTS. 



The following sailings have been fixed for Bombay. 


Commonider. 

James L&irtL 
Geo. H. Read. 
J. D. Allisan.. 
E. Hutchison, 
TIioi*. G. Knox. 
J. Aiuffeon, 

J. Cringle. 


Steamers. 

Tons, 

M. P. 

Macedonia .. 

9^2 

m 

Hidia .. 


500 

Caledonia 

..2| U. 

424 

Tdnacrm __ 

.2107 

424 

Italia .. 


424 

Anglia .. 

.. 

400 

Castalia .... 

.2200 

424 


* Ejteli Shnunev carries a Surgeon and Stewardess. 

For handbooks of iid'orination, plans of Saloon and State Rooms 
further in formation, Apply to 


Date. 

Febniarv 2f&d 
Hi" 12th 

26th 
5 th 
19th 
3rd 
17th 


March 

Ditto 

April 

Do, 

May 

Bui 


or for mv 



THE LAMB KNITTING MACHISMS 


January 1 hiJt 1879. 


W. & A, GRAHAM A Co. 
Managing Agents in India.. 

B< mibay. 


HALL LLYE Of STEAMERS. 

BOMBAY TO LIVERPOOL. 

The following Sailings have been fixed from Bombay. 

Steamers. 

Rydal Hall*.....2700 

Tren tl lam Hall. ...... .2100 

Speke Hall . 2700 

Bra n k soiu a Ha J J ..2I()0 

<Iit;y of Biiitimore,. 2800 

Rydal Hall .. 2700 

Txentham Hall...2100 

Wistow Hall .. 2700 

Each Steamer carries a Surgeon and Stewardess, 

For handbooks, plans of Saloon and state rooms or for any further information, 

Applv to 

W, A A. GRAHAM & Co. 

Managing Agents in India. 

Bombay, 

* The steamer Kills at Havre. 



Tons. 

H. P. 

Date. 

....2700 

400 

January Sint 

....2100 

800 

February 8t3i 


400 ^ 

Hutch 

ath 

....21(10 

3 00 

^ril 

2nd 


300 

Bo. 

16th 


400 

Uo 

S0t.li 


300 

May 

14th 

.,..2700 

4t 0 

Do! 

2Sth 


AND THE TUTTLE MACHINE* 

For Knitting- Hosiery Caps and th>ipc 
fancy work—a key 

ZUCCATOhS PAPYROG R A PH 

For Press copy work—-a a* once 

simple and effective for taking fj*t* mmfe 
impressions to any extent of one original 
copy. 

The above are being used extensifrefy 
thrunghrmt America afiti Europe, m 

f Apply for particulars to the Oenerut Ajui 
for India. 

H. RALLANTINE, 

Care of EWART LATHAM A Ct 

Bum bay. 


THE INDIAN JURIST* T 
VoL Hi* (imj . , tl 

- , 

A Ktnsi Cl. ass TT 
MOKTEY LAW JOL'IiXAL, U 

D l’or ilie PI{ KSII!EN0JES ahS T> 

riiovixovs of j> t dia ; J( 

I 


J 

N 


I A K A L L Y. (Post Free) 
Its. fc. 


A H A L F-YE A EI j Y, {Tost Free) 
A Seance, Rs, 10. 

IV" Mr. J. Pf^uerton, Agent, 
JJl "^idiAu Jurist" Office; Madras. 


s 

T 


HOME FOB PUPILS. 

Tm home lately established in Poona for 
children, wbo?e parents are desirous of send¬ 
ing to any of the public schools at that station, 
has still accommodation for a few more board¬ 
ers. 

For particulars as to terms, limit of age Ac., 
please apply to Mrs. G. Miles No. 24 Stave lev 
Iloal Poona, 


THE BOMBAY CHRISTIAN ALMANAC 

FOR im 
64 pp. illustrated. 

Price 8 Annas, Post Paid 10 Annas, 

To he had from the Booksellers and at the 
depot of The Bom bay Tract & Book Society, 


IS INFANT BAPTISM U N WAR RAN TBD ? 

m GEO, EOW£Y, 

Price two nnnas. One rupee a dozen. 

Address Editor Bombay Guardian* 


-EAUL THR CHRIAJTS, PATTER^ 

BY GEO. BOWEN. 

Printed anil published (with consent 
of t he author) by Rev, Vishnu Bhaskar. 
Now ready. Bound in cloth, embossed 
and gilt. The price is 8 Abb as a copy, 
and 1 Anna Postage. When many copies 
are taken a discount will be allowed. 
Auglo-Vemacular Press, 53 Tank Street. 
New Nagpada, Bombay, 


A NEVER-FAILING REMEDY 

FOE LIVER COMPLAINTS. 

DR. SCOTT’S BILIOUS AND LIVER PIUS- • 

PREPARED Wit) mi It any marmm%] ingratHtefc- 
f. Liraltiablo to ftll wliofluftcr from lAUcm* and 
hirer i omplttiiits, l^igegifunj 'V'md, ^nns, 
voii.s L'opr^ion. La^itmk. ,jf Hplruh. 

with ion-iUirm of fniac** nf the pit of the Stomach 
tjI “ Ime**, I>j2wues« seuafttioo or the Eyes, rmd uionr 
other symptom*. Lor JinLitn*! «* * 

mimlv ms*U e\nc, wd u» a purifier of th* 

Woftd.tfiej aro uucqrmlk-d; mild i Q operutiou. and 
gratcfiu to tho ^toumeh; create appetite, promo!* 
riijjtvitiun, said *trougthgn the whole nervous svs- 
tciu, J 

PM^ireg only by W. LAMBERT, U. V*re 
London. W,, I'.nglanii. in bottles, 1,. Hd. Sold W 

Sill CneiiHsth. 

to **k for 

, D f;§ C0 J t . a Bilinfis ami Uvet Pilli/' U you v-k 

fer Scott ■ lilhi you will quit^ a 
mediane; if you n$k tor il Bilioiin and Lifer |’i]h “ 
you will get it ^purioufl compound. The geanip* 
are ui square green pnfdcirjre, and muwt kave the 
tt ame and addreaa WII.LIA MLA M F:J -:{s fC I \ii 
WllLLIA.MI STICERT CtiAKING QUmsg eu^y' 

cd on tee Government ^tamp. 

Dp not be p« rK u&iited to try any other medicine 

tent* for INDIA, Mm TKEA- 
i, ,;, 0 * Lc ^ lto(t ’ Ilycnllu, and 

N.U.—1 he iradesnppliwd on most lib oral U-rmtk 




Ipitcs of Advorfiflijlikd. 8 and 

Rf. 1-3 j repetition, A*, fg ; f ct a<> linos and r u 
der, Rf, 3, repptition, E*. 1.8; for 50 lines a'J 
\mder t Rs. 4 ; repetition, Rs, £. 


Printed and Published for the j 
by SmwRAH Sulidhar Jo$hi PnA 
ANGLO* VERNACULAR 
PRESS, No, 53, Tank Street, v . t 
pada Bqubax,