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VOL XXV —New Series.—No. 20. SATURDAY, JULY 12, 1879. 


Rs. 6 per anrmra ; with Indian Postage 
Rs. 7-10; to England Rs, 9-1-0. 


PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY MORNING. 


Weekly review . 


—Dr. Mylne, Bishop of Bombay, having 
mildly spoken of the faith of the Church 
of Borne as having a certain admixture of 
corruption, Bishop Meurin has siezed the 
opportunity of rushing into print with a 
bombastic letter in which he styles himself 
the Bishop who, in Bombay, alone has his 
mission from the Church of Christ,” and 
says that “ the advanced logical mind of 
England, nay of the whole civilized world, 
has long since come to the conclusion that 
between Christianity and Atheism, there is 
no possible logical position, and that among 
the various shapes into which the Christian 
religion has been moulded, there is not a 
single one that stands firm on its ground 
with perfect logical consequence, except that 
of the Holy Roman Catholic Church.” 

One is reminded of the account given in 
prophecy of the little horn, that had a mouth 
speaking great things whose look was more 
stout than his fellows, Dan. vii. “ To com¬ 
pare the Anglican national Church with the 
Holy Roman Catholic Church, is as much 
as comparing the work of man with the j 
work of God,” says Bishop Meurin. He is 
distressed because Bishop Mylne will not tell 
him specifically what the corruptions were 
of the Church of Rome. If the church of 
Rome is not corrupt, the Apostolic Church 
must have been marvellously defective ; for 
it is easy to enumerate a score of things a 
belief in which the church of Rome declares 
to be necessary to salvation, that were never 
mentioned or dreamed of for centuries after 
the Day of Pentecost. If the Bishop will 
send to the Tract and Book .Society he will 
obtain for one anna book entitled “ Friend¬ 
ly Words to Romanists,” in which the 
challenge given by him to the Rev. Luke 
Rivington, is taken up, and many of the 
grosser corruptions of the Church of Rome 
are pointed out. 

—“ H. Geron,” Ahmednugger districts, 
writing to the Bombay Catholic Examiner 
about the successes reported by the S. P. G. 
in that district, says some things that are 
(unless refuted) a good deal more damaging 
than Bishop Meurin’s letter : 

I ask simply any honest man, who knows 
the weakness of the understanding and the 
heart of these low caste people, how could Mr. 
Taylor within the four months he was in the 
Nagar Mission instruct 2,000 souls, scattered 
through a number of villages, far from each 
other. The answer is at hand. We have a 
number of catechists, bible-readers, school- 
mas well paid, that is true, but are they, 
because well paid, real Christians ? A pity, 
that the report does not give us some informa¬ 
tion about the knowledge required in the S. 

P. G. Mission, for baptism. 

The other day, whilst I was speaking with 
ibme Coon bees, there came up an old Mahar, 
who said that his people had gone to Rahuri 
for their pay. One of those present, the car- 
pe^fcr of the village, said : “ Sometime ago 

there came here a Sahib ; he sprinkled some 


water on the heads of our Mahars, and for that 
they got pay, every month.” Then the old 
Mahar askiug for some money, said to me : 
“ Pour you now some water over the head of 
this old man, that he may also get pay.” I 
asked the old man: “ Did you not get pagar , 
when you were baptized ? ” “I got only 1 Re., 
and now I am helpless.” “ Well, therefore, 
you got very little by becoming Christians ? ” 
“ Only 1 Re., that’s all,” was his answer. Here 
is some specimen of the Christianity of those 
blessed souls, for which so many thousands of 
rupees are spent; this much they know as a 
rule : how much they got, sometimes also the 
name of the sahib who baptized them, and the 
mission to which they belong. 'No wonder, if 
they still continue to keep Hindoo rites ; keep 
often two wives, and distinguish themselves 
from the Hindoos only by their laziness. 

For the honour of all Christian missions, 
it is most important that the facts of the 
case should be put before the public. If it 
is the fact that baptized persons have receiv¬ 
ed money, it has probably been without the 
knowledge of the European missionary ; but 
it is very little to the credit of the latter 
that he should employ persons capable of 
ddmg such things. 

— The American Mission in the Ahmed- 
nnggur collectorate, have always been care¬ 
ful to receive none but knch as gave evidence 
of a change of heart, and to teach their con¬ 
verts the necessity of sharing in the burden 
of mission work. We have heard this week 
of a church in Lonee, near Ahmednnggur, 
of fifty members, that supports its own pas¬ 
tor and carries on its own school-work, and 
has given Rs. 75 for a new meeting house. ; 
One of the members of this church earns 
nine rupees a mouth and out of this gives 
Rs. 1J; others give a ninth ; others a tenth. 
There is nothing in such a mission to attract 
the money-loving. 

— The Jews have one more grievance add¬ 
ed to the long list of their injuries and humili¬ 
ations, The Bombay University ignores 
them. The Syndicate have decided to with¬ 
draw Jewish history from the subjects for 
B. A. examination, 

— Out of 140 young men upon whom the 
Madras University conferred the degree of 
B. A. last March, 14 were Native Christians. 
The proportion of Native Christians to the 
general population is considerably less than 1 
one per cent; yet here we have a proportion 
of ten per cent obtaining among those who 
are most successfully mastering the higher ; 
education. And there is every probability 
that this proportion will increase. 

—The Report of the Bangalore Mission of 
the London M. S. for 1878, gives the follow¬ 
ing statistics : missionaries, 3 ;-Native minis¬ 
ters, 2 ; Native agents, 8 ; Communicants, 
133 ; teachers, Chr. 19, non-Chr. 25; English 
institution, 409 pupils ; Vernacular Schools, 
221 boys, 513 girls ; Native Chr. contribu¬ 
tions, Rs. 409. Rev. J. Paul says: 

“ An educated Hindu, who regularly visits 
me for relig.ous conversation, asked me whether 
baptism was an absolute necessity if he wished 


J to profess Christianity, and then himself 
answered the question, by saying that Christ 
Himself, who attached no importance whatever 
| to externals, insisted upon being baptized by 
I John. He admitted that his spiritual gain by 
receiving baptism would far outweigh the 
: temporal loss he might have to sustain in being 
rejected and disowned by his people. He praya 
daily for the forgiveness of sins, but says that 
he gets no peace, neither any disinclination to 
sin. He was shown the channel through which 
only he can get forgiveness, and power to shua 
evil, and to do good.” 

The Rev. E. P. Rice recommends an in¬ 
crease in the fees for tuition and says : 

“ The accessibility of a high literary train¬ 
ing in the English language to students of all 
classes, and of even the most limited means, 
though necessary at first in order to awaken 
the desire for western education, would, if 
much longer continued, prejudicially affect# 
the welfare of the Province. It tends to make 
the education of the nation one-sided, is one 
cause of the state of neglect into which the 
vernacular language has fallen, raises many 
above their natural and allotted station in life, 
filling them with undue aspirations and un¬ 
reasonable discontent, and is overstocking with 
inferior material the few literary careers which 
are held in honour by the people.” 

—Uonneoted with the Bellary mission of 
the same vSociety, are 3 missionaries ; 7 
Native agents ; 78 communicants ; 11 Chr. 
and 13 non-Chr. teachers ; 434 male scholars 
and 194 female. The 12th of May had been 
fixed upon for the baptism of a young man 
in Adoni, but on that very day he was seized 
with cholera and died before night, trusting 
in Jesus. 

—The Deccan Star publishes the follow¬ 
ing titbit for the delectation of its readers : 

Q. Was South Africa created for any spe¬ 
cial purposes ? A. Yes. Q. For how many ? 
A. For three. Q. Mention them. 

A. (1.) As a market for inferior Birming¬ 
ham muskets, well-paid missionaries, and bad 
British rum. 

(2.) For the making and exaltation of Sir 
Bart I e Frere for all time. 

(3.) For the comfort and advantage of Mr. 
Gladstone and the Liberals at the next General 
Election. 

If Ketchewayo had been willing to listen 
to the missionaries of the Gospel, he would 
not this day be in the field against an Eng¬ 
lish foi*ce, for he would have understood 
better what the true interests of his people 
are ; and instead of rum and muskets he 
would have been importing articles much 
better fitted to do good to his people. Wit¬ 
ness the Queen of Madagascar, who after 
embracing Christianity, has actually prohi¬ 
bited the manufacture and sale of intoxi¬ 
cants, throughout her dominions. 

—The Khedive of Egypt, having so mis¬ 
governed the country as to bring it to the 
verge of ruin, is allowed to withdraw to 
Naples, and is to enjoy a pension of £50,000, 
a year, with £12,000 for his sons. We 
would like to know how much he has saved 
for himself out of the financial chaos in 






































230 THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN. July 12. 

which Egypt has been for some years. Many 
a man in a humbler position who has abased 
his opportunities to enrich himself, has lost 
his head and his fortune at once, by order of 
the Saltan or the Pasha. Long-sufferiug 
Egypt, or her long-suffering creditors, will 
contribute the £50,000 a year. This appears 
to ns an abominable waste of money. 

—The Prince Imperial was about 10 miles 
in advance of General Wood’s camp, accom¬ 
panied by Lieut. Carey, six troopers and a 
friendly Znla, when surprised. They had 
all dismounted. The Prince’s horse became 
so restive under the sudden volley, that the 
Prince not able at once to mount him, 
sought to make his escape on foot, and 
was of course overtaken and assegaied. 
Two of the troopers were killed but the rest 
of the party escaped. The Prince had given 
the order to mount, before the surprise oc¬ 
curred, and if he had but mounted a moment 
sooner, he would probably have escaped. 
The Prince was shot June 1st and his body 
was t’eeovered the next day. It had 17 
assegai wounds, but no bullet-wound, and 
was without clothes. 

—The Indian Mirror , while claiming to 
have an unbounded admiration for Christ, 
admits to its columns letters intended to 
show the incredibility of the Gospels. For 
instance a palpable contradiction is found 
between Matthew and Luke, the former re¬ 
presenting that Jesus was taken from 
Bathlehem into Egypt before be was taken 
to Nazareth ; the latter declaring that he re* 
turned directly thither, immediately after 
the presentation in the temple. But Luke 
does not say that he returned immediately. 
The Gospel of Matthew had already been 
for some time in existence when Luke wrote 
liis account. Luke does not mention the 
flight to Egypt for the reason that it had 
been already mentioned. These apparant 
divergences of the different records, consti¬ 
tute one of the strongest evidences of truth¬ 
fulness. Without the slightest effort on the 
part of the different writers to make their 
records harmonize, and often saying what to 
a careless reader would seem to be inhar¬ 
monious, it is found that there is nothing in 
their respective statements that may not be 
harmonized. 

—Col. Ingersoll, the infidel lecturer, has 
just lost a brother, also an infidel. No clergy¬ 
man officiated at the funeral. No prayer was 
offered. No hymn was sang. The surviving 
brother, however, made an address from 
which we take the following : 

“ While yet in love with life and raptured 
with the wtrld he passes to silence and pathet¬ 
ic dust. Yet after all it may be best, just in ! 
the happiest, sunniest hour of all the voyage, 
while eager winds are kissing every sail, to 
dash against the unseen rock, and in an instant 
hear the billows roar above a sunken ship. For. 
whether in rnidsea or among the breakers of 
the further shore, a wreck must mark at last 
the end of each and all, and every life, no mat¬ 
ter if its every hour is rich with love and every 
moment jewelled with a joy, will at its close 
become a tragedy as sad and deep and dark as 
can be woven of the warp and woof of mysteiw 
and death.” 

This then is the best account thab the un¬ 
believer .can give of human life. He can 
only compare it to a vessel that is hasting to 
destruction, doomed to become a wreck. We 
do not suppose that many ship-owners would 
equip and send forth their gallant vessels^if 
there were even a probability of their being 
wrecked. But if it weye pertain that .one 

and all were to be wrecked, what could we 
think of the sanity of those who still sent 
them forth ? We are thus asked to conclude 
that that which has had to do with man’s 
existence and environments is Madness ! 

“ Life is a narrow vale between the cold and 
barren peaks of two eternities. We strive in 
vain to look beyond the heights. We cry a- 
loud, and the only answer is the echo of our 
wailing cry. From the voiceless lips of the un¬ 
replying dead there comes no word ; but in 
the night of death H«pe sees a star,and, listen¬ 
ing, Love can hear the rustle of a wing.” 

It is not easy to harmonize these state¬ 
ments. What star is it that hope sees, and 
what rustling wing does love hear, if every 
life at its close is a deep, dark tragedy ? 
The fact is that God has poured upon the 
path of man all the evidence of a future 
world that he can needed, but it is only ap¬ 
prehensible by faith. Why should Col. In¬ 
gersoll devote all his energies to the work of 
hindering men from receiving the revelation 
of God, and embracing his conviction that the 
life of every man must issue in wreck and 
night and tragedy ? The Christian meets 
death with joy, and is wafted by the ex¬ 
piring billow of time into the haven of a 
blessful eternity, But Mr. Ingersoll is not 
pleased unless he can make every body as 
miserable as himself. “ If any man will do 
his will , the same shall know of the doctrine 
whether it be of God or whether I speak of 
myself,” says Christ. See, by way of contrast, 
a notice of Miss. F. R. Havergal’s death. 
Life is indeed a wreck, in the sense that we 
have all been wrecked on The reef of sin. But 
there is a Saviour for us ; and the gift of 
God is eternal life, heavenly life, beginning 
here and never-ending. 

—We have been favoured with a copy of 
the Indian Empire, No. 1, a Quarterly selec* 
tion from the English Magazines. There are 
eleven large articles in this number, most 
ly taken from the u Nineteenth Century.” 
There are, — Forbes’ on Burmah, Fawcett on 
Indian Finances, Chesney on Silver, Sir E. 
Perry on India’s Future, Rawlinson on the 
Affghan Crisis, Sir W. Lawson on the Prink 
Difficulty, &c. &c., the whole rnaking a , 
handsomely-printed volume of 105 pp. It 
is furnished for one Rupee, post free. 
America, having no international copy-right 
before her eyes, has been long accustomed 
to reproduce the magazine articles of Eng¬ 
land. We should think that a Miscellany 
such as we are now noticing, or with more 
varied contents, would be acceptable to many 
in this country. 

—?A dajily supply of gait is as necessary to 
the poor man as to the rich. Say that the 
rich man expends Rs. 5 for his daily food, 
and the poor man As. 2 and one pie’s worth 
of salt is what is needed for each, if is evi- 
dent that the poor man pays proportionately 
forty times ag much to the Salt Rxcige as 
the rich man does. Can this be right ? 
Ought fhe chief burden of taxation to fall 
upon the popr. Rather should it fall upon 
the consumer of luxuries. Tax wines, bran¬ 
dies etc. 

i —We are favoured with th,e Vedarthayatna 

or Attempt to interpret the Vedas , for May, 
being the 38th monthly part. It contains 
hymns 150-57th of the Rig-Yeda Sanbita, 

— We are favoured with a copy of the 
Theistic Quarterly Review for July, printed 
at the Indian Mirror office and representing 
the views of the Chnnder Sen party. The 
first three articles are on ffha Eastern Christ,, 

the Difference between Deism and Theism, 
the Brahmo’s creed. We have not yet found 
time to read the articles. One is entitled 

Miss Collet and Ourselves. Miss C., it ap¬ 
pears was formerly an extravagant admirer 
of Keshub Chunder Sen, but after “ wor¬ 
shipping her idol she found him clay,” and 
has transferred her admiration and energy 
to Mr. Sen’s opponents, the third division * 
of the Calcutta Brahmists. 

—One great want in Bombay is a Home 
for Incurables. A patient who is found to 
be incurable and likely to live some time in 
that condition, may no longer find a resting- 
place in our hospitals. We have often 

known such persons compelled to leave un¬ 
der very trying circumstances, when there 
was no friendly home to receive them, and, 
no one to minister to them; sometimes it is 
their premature death through exposure or 
neglect, that first brings the case to one’s 
notice. Is our Bombay charity equal to such 
an Institution ? 

—The Bombay Gazette having lately re¬ 
produced some opinions expresssed by Dr, 
Wilson, a little before his death, in a letter 
to Lord Northbrook, as to the existence of 
disloyal feelings among a portion of the Na* 
tive community, the Times of India and 
Bombay Review , keenly sensitive to such an 
imputation, have spoken disparagingly of 

Dr. Wilson, and the Deccan Star has eagerly 
joined them in this. Mr, B. M. Malabari, a 
Parseo gentleman, has sent the Bevieio a 
letter warmly and cogently rebutting the 
criticisms on Dr. Wilson, An extract may 
be found in our Epitome. 

— Whhn' the Rev, Mr. Nichols of the M. 

E. church was in Mhow, he collected money 
for a church ^edifice, obtained a site, and be^ 
gan the erection of the building. The build? 
ing is uncompleted, and some modification 
of the plan has been proposed on a more 
economical basis. Meanwhile, we are sur? 
prised to learn that the military authorities 
propose issuing an order for the immediate 
removal of the building. We can scarcely 
think that they would adopt so stringent 
and oppressive a measure, towards a body 
that is seeking (at no cost to the state) the 
spiritual good of* the men under their care. 

The building will be completed in time, if 
they will exercise a little patience. We un¬ 
derstand that Rs. 2,00u will suffice to roof 
and seat the building. Will our reaefceys 
make this njatter the subject of prayer ? 

In an exhaustive address on the subject 
of higher education as a Christianizing 
agency, the Rev, W- Miljer told the S. India* 

Miss. Conference that they who walk by 
faith and not by sight put the highest pos? 
sible yalue upph that agency. 

Those present might rely upon it that the 
rush to pass mere examinations would wear ou$ 
ere long, and that some better aim than this 
would be found for the mental activity raised 
in India ; and the time was coming when 
students would aim more at thought and truth, 
and less at posts and passing, than was 
just npw ; when the educational authorities 
would think more of the knowledge gathered 
by the mind, than the amount of knowledge that 
could be disgorged on any special examina? 
tion, and more pf that description of education 
which was so much required in moulding the 
burn an character. 

The Rev. Mr. Arden said : 

In the Masulipatam School, some sixteftiq oi? 
seventeen Brahmin young men had been 























July 12. 


THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN* 


231 


brought to a knowledge of the truth, many of 
them now holding prominent positions, and it 
mi ;ht be interesting to say a few words with 
reference to the influence exercised by Mr. 
Noble. He had spoken to several of them, and 
found that in the great majority of cases the 
successful results had been by means of the in¬ 
fluence of the Missionary upon his pupils. It 
was his privilege to succeed Mr. Noble when 
that gentleman was called away, and in his 
house he found a large'number of young men 
residing. It struck him at first very much to 
notice the free access all these young men had 
into Mr. Noble’s house, for there was hardly 
any part of it, even the bed rooms, to which 
they had not access. Mr. Noble was-a strict 
Master when in school, but very familiar and 
kind to the boys when out of it, and it was his 
constant custom to have a whole row of them 
sitting around his table, while he ate his dinner. 
He (the speaker) was talking to one of the 
young men *on the subject of the manner in 
which he was first led to think of becoming a 
Christian, aud he told him that it was the in¬ 
tense personal kindness of Mr. Noble to him 
which had made him a changed man. He was 
suffering from a particularly unpleasant dis¬ 
ease, and the first thing that struck him was 
Mr. Noble’s kindness in taking him to his 
room and not only giving him medicine, but 
applying it with his own hand. The man 
therefore felt it was not only a school con¬ 
nexion, but a personal and affectionate con 
nexion, and that Mr, Noble was willing to do 
anything for him and to prove his interest in 
anything that could be done for his good. 

The discussion of Friday afternoon was 
confined to the subject of zenana work. The 
Rev. Mr. Chamberlain said he rose to tender 
his thanks, and he trusted the whole assembly 
were with him, to the ladies who had favored < 
them with their papers upon the subject of 
zenana teaching. He regard it as one of the 
truest signs of the progress of Missionary 
education in this country, that their sisters had 
stepped forward into the field so long unoccu¬ 
pied, and that the Marys and Marthas were 
now coming forward to perform the work 
that every itinerating, every district, and 
every educational missionary had felt during 
fcke whole of his career to be the most needed 
yet the most neglected. 

The Rev. Mr. Goldsmith referred to the 
Mohammedan belief in the coming of Christ, 
and said that though their views might not be 
spiritual, they did anticipate that advent, and 
not one of them would deny that the Lord 
might come to-day or to-morrow, and that he 
would destroy Anti-Christ; and this, he con¬ 
tended, was an important matter in connection 
with the question of their education. 

On Monday the 5th day, 

The work set down for disposal this day, was 
the consideration of the native Church, its 
present condition in South India, the means of 
deepening spiritual life, and of promoting pro¬ 
gress towards self-support, self-government 
and evangelistic effort. Upon these subjects 
papers were read by the Rev. J. Duthie, of 
Nagercoil, and V. Yedanayagam of North ' 
Tinnevelly. 

Mr. H. Rice said it seemed to him that the j 
native Church was deficient in zeal, and also 
in giving money liberally for carrying out 
evangelistic work. This seemed to him to arise 
largely from the fact, that native Christians 
-SfThe past had been kept in a state of depend¬ 
ence, they had everything done for them, and 
had never been left to carry on their own work 
in their own way. It seemed also to arise from j 
the fact, that there had been a great want of 
care in the baptism of new converts, and in the 
moral unfitness of many un-Christian catechists 
placed in country districts, many of whom 
seemed to him hirelings, whose - only object 
j fwas to receive their pay ; and new converts 
very often received their spiritual information 
from these men. If this deplorable state of 
the Christian Church was to be improved, it 


must be by an earnest determination on the 
part of all never to do for Native Christians in 
future what they could very well do for them¬ 
selves; that was,; let them build their own 
Churches, clothe their own children, and sub¬ 
scribe money for evangelistic work, in connexion 
with their own Churches. They should never 
employ unspiritual men to do spiritual work, 
and never retain native catechists or evangel¬ 
ists once proved unfit for the position. They 
should never employ a new convert as evangel¬ 
ist, because they had no other employment 
for him. It seemed to him that every new 
convert should at the commencement, be asked 
to give something to the native Churches, as 
a privilege and a duty, and that all old con¬ 
verts should be called upon to do the same 
without delay. He had seen large num¬ 
bers of educated Hindoos, who had become 
Christians, who having a knowledge of Eng¬ 
lish, felt it an indignity to join the Native 
Church, and have gone over to the English 
Church in consequence, which they have as¬ 
sisted to support. Every convert in this 
country, whether he spoke English or not, 
should be attached to the Native Church, which 
they should endeavour to build up. The staff 
of paid agents should also be kept as low as 
possible, and voluntary Christian efforts should 
be encouraged ; and if these suggestions were 
carried out, he believed they would have a 
stronger and more progressive native Church. 

At the conclusion of to-day’s sitting, it was 
resolved on the proposal of Bishop Sargent to 
record the following resolution :— 

“This Conference desires to express its full 
appreciations of the value!of high class Christ¬ 
ian education as a Missionary Agency, and its 
hope that the friends of Indian Missions will 
sympathise with this equally with other 
branches of evangelistic work in this country. 
The native Church in India needs at present, 
and will still more need in the future, men of 
superior education to occupy positions of trust 
and responsiblity as pastors, evangelists, and 
leading members of the community, such as 
can only be supplied by our high class Christ¬ 
ian institutions. Those Missionaries who are 
engaged in Vernacular work desire especiallj 7 
to bear testimony to the powerfull effect in 
favour of Christianity, which these institutions 
are exercising throughout the country, and to 
record their high regard for the educational 
work, as a necessary part of the work of the 
Christian Church in India. This Conference 
feels bound to place on record its conviction, 
that these two great branches of Christian 
work are indispensable complements of one 
another, and would earnestly hope that they 
will be so regarded by the Christian Church, 
and that both will meet with continued and 
hearty support.” 



SATURDAY, JULY 12, 1879. 


MAHOMED AN OPEN-AIR 
PREACHERS. 

In our issue of April 12th last, we ad¬ 
dressed some remarks to the persons who 
listen to the Mahomedan reviler of Christian¬ 
ity who takes his stand on the Esplanade 
from day to day. We called their attention 
to the inconsistency of this preacher in 
labouring to prejudice his hearers (Hindoos, 
Parsees and others) against Christianity, 
and withholding from them the testimony of 
the Koran as to the wrath of God ready to 
descend upon all idolaters. The Koran has 
a great deal to say in honour of Jesus Christ. 
It distinguishes him from all other prophets, 
recognizing him as the promised Messiah, to 
whom the other prophets testified. It ad¬ 


mits his miraculous conception by the breath 
or Spirit of God, and his immaculate na¬ 
tivity of the Virgin Mary. It concedes to 
him the title of Logos, or Word of God. It 
acknowledges that he wrought many signs 
and miracles, healing the sick, raising the 
dead, and casting out devils ; that he was 
rejected by his own countrymen ; that he 
was condemned to die upon the cross ; that 
he ascended bodily into heaven ; that he 
shall come again for the destruction of Anti¬ 
christ and shall fill the world with peace and 
blessing for forty years. The following from 
the 3rd Sura of the Koran relates to some of : 
these things: 

“ God hath surely chosen Adam and Noah 
and Abraham and the family of Imran above 
the rest of the world.” 

Who is this Imran so highly honoured in 
his offspring P It is the father of Mary the 
mother of Jesus, as is shown by the passage 
that immediately follows it. The wife of 
Imran has a child who is called Mary, whom 
the Lord graciously accepted and caused her 
to bear an excellent offspring. 

“ The angels called to Zachariah while he 
stood praying in the chamber, saying, Verily, 
God promiseth thee a son named John, who 
shall bear witness to the Word which cometh 
from God.—And when the angels said, 0 Mary, 
verily God hath chosen thee, and hath purified 
thee, and hath chosen thee above all the women 
of the world.—When the angels said, 0 Mary, 
verily God sendeth thee good tidings, that thou 
shalt.bear the Word, proceeding from Himself; 
his name shall be Christ Jesus, the son of Mary, 
honourable in this world and in the world to 
come, and one of these who approach near to 
the presence of God. She answered, Lord 
how shall I have a son, since a man hath not 
touched me ? He said, So God createth that 
which he pleaseth : when he decrceth a thing, 

he only saith unto it, Be and it is.--And 

men devised a stratagem ; but God devised 
a stratagem; and God is the best deviser of 
stratagems. When God said, 0 Jesus, verily 
I will cause thee to die and I will take thee 
up unto me, and I will deliver thee from the 
unbelievers ; and I will place those who follow 
thee above the unbelievers, until the day of 
resurrection.” 

In these remarkable passages, we find ex¬ 
traordinary honour assigned to Christ. A- 
lone of all mankind, he was born of a virgin, 
by an immediate exercise of the power of 
God, and thus he obtains a name above every 
name, even above those of patriarchs and pro¬ 
phets. By his birth, he is saved from the 
defilement that belongs to the natural pos¬ 
terity of Adam. No wonder that the angels 
said to Mary, God hath chosen thee above 
all the women of the world ; and no wonder 
that God should have taken him up unto 
Himself. And let the last words quoted 
above from the Koran, be particularly noted, 
j Those who follow Christ are Christians, and 
the statement is that God shall place 
them above the unbelievers (idolaters) until 
the resurrection. 

Now if this preacher believes what the 
Koran says concerning the immaculate 
purity and exaltation of Christ, why does 
he not hasten to impart this valuable in¬ 
formation to his hearers that they may 
avail themselves of the intercessions of 
Christ ? The Koran declares that all idolat¬ 
ers shall be consigned to hell, and that God 
hears the intercessions of Christ ; yet this 
preacher, who calls himself a Mahornedan, 
strives only to embitter his hearers against 
Christ and Christianity and Christians. 
When his hearers come to know the facts 
concerning the Koran, what will they think 










































H®32 THE BOMBAY GUABDXAN. duly 12. 

—— ■■ - ■■ ■ ! - - 11 ■ ' ' " ' -... - - - -,,----——— — --— — — 


of him ? Will it seem to them that he is an 
honest man ? That he has any regard for 
the truth P 

Mohammed denies that Christ died upon 
the cross. He adopted the views of those 
who held that God did not suffer Jesus to 
die, but took him up to heaven, substituting 
another person who was made to look like 
him and was crucified in his stead. In a- 
dopting this story, Mohammed shows a de¬ 
sire to honour Christ, thinking it a great re¬ 
proach that one of so great dignity and 
power should die at the hands of wicked 
men. So it appeared to the apostles of our 
Lord, until they came to understand the 
great purpose of God to accept of Christ’s 
death as an atonement for sinners. Ma¬ 
homed’s objection was natural and well- 
meaning, but it simply shows that he had 
not been taught the deep things of God by 
the Spirit of God, 1 Cor. II. His idea was 
that all that is necessary for the salvation of 
men is supplied by the mere power of God, 
and he did not understand that the power of 
God may only do that which His justice, 
holiness and truth approve. At all events 
the fact remains that Jesus of Nazareth is 
distinguished above all prophets by his im¬ 
maculate and miraculous birth. 

What Mahomedans believe concerning the 
second coming of Christ, is found in the 
traditions of Mahomed. They say that Jesus 
is to descend from heaven somewhere tp the 
east of Damascus. When he shall have 
killed Antichrist (Masih al Dajjal) there will 
be “ great security and plenty in the world, 
all hatred and malice being laid aside ; when 
lions and camels, bears and sheep, shall live 
in peace, and a child shall play with serpents 
unhurt.” This is evidently taken from the 
description of the Messiah’s kingdom given 
by the prophet Isaiah, ch. xi. 

Mahommed was born more than 6Q0 years 
after Chifist, at a time when the great body 
of professing Christians had ceased to follow 
the Scriptures faithfully, and had allow 3 d 
many errors to mingle with the truth. Con- 
sidering the disadvantages under which he 
laboured, it is surprising perhaps not that 
Mahomed misrepresented the Gospel of 
Christ, but that he should reproduce so much 
that is true. The fundamental idea of the 
Gospel that man carmot appear before God on 
the ground of his own righteousness, he never 
learned, and consequently he could not see 
the necessity of a divine incarnation, or of 
an atonement. But there is certainly no¬ 
thing in the Koran to justify a Makomedan 
preacher, in the midst of a city so given to 
idolatry as Bombay ia, in standing up day 
by day to repeat the objections to Christi¬ 
anity advanced by infidels. 

It is believed by many that the time is 
very near when Christ shall appear in the 
glory of the E’ather and of the holy angels, 
to judge the world. The other great events 
spoken of in prophecy haye been fulfilled, 
and it appears to many that we are likely to 
hear at any moment the trump of the arch¬ 
angel announcing the $dvent of Christ. Is 
it not of great importance that men should be 
warned of this ? It is evident that the great 
?nass of men are not prepared to stand be¬ 
fore the judge. How can they he, unless 
they give heed to the words spoken by the 
Lord Jesus, when he was on the earth ? 
For it is by^these words, he ia to judge men. 
He expressly declares it : 

u If any man hear my words and believe 


not, I judge him not; for I came not to 
judge the world, but to save the world. He 
that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my 
words, hjith one thatjadgeth him; the word 
that I have spoken, the same shall judge 
him at the last day.” John xii. 47, 48. 


DID CHRIST RISE AGAIN” ? III. 

We have already treated of the second 
proposition, that Christ's mission had ultimate 
reference not to one nation but to all , not to 
one age but to all; we have proved it by 
statements made in the Gospels, especially 
by the plain declarations of Christ himself. 
Before going on, it may be well to buttress 
this position by pointing out that the very 
scriptures of the Old Testament which 
isolate the Jews from the rest of the world, 
declare that the work of the Messiah shall 
have reference to the world at large. 

The promise made by God to Abraham 
recurs at once to every mind. In thy seed 
shall all the nations of the earth be blessed. 
And the ancient Jews confidently expected 
1 that this promise would be fulfilled in and 
through the Messiah. 

“ The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, 
nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until 
Shiloh come ; and unto him shall the gather¬ 
ing of the people (nations) be.” Gen. 49 : 
10 . By Shiloh (he to ivhom it is ) the anci¬ 
ent Jewish interpreters understood the Mes¬ 
siah. The sceptre was departing from 
Judah when Christ was on the earth; much 
of their power had been taken away ; they 
could not condemn to death ; but their laws 
were not abrogated ; there was a blending 
and an overshadowing of their power by the 
Roman. At the latest moment of the 15 
centuries when the promise could be fulfilled, 
it was. To the promised one is to be the 
gathering of the nations. 

In the second psalm is a prophecy of the 
kingdom of the Messiah (the Anointed One) 
and its universal character is plainly inti¬ 
mated. “ Ask of me and I shall give thee 
the heathen for thine inheritance; ” the 
nations were to be given him in answer to 
prayer. There is to be a season when his 
power should be in abeyance, and his doctrine 
be declared, and men be invited to submit to 
him, and after that a time of judgment. In 
the 45th Psalm there is a clearer intimation 
of the way in which he is to take to him his 
great power, “ because of truth and meek¬ 
ness and righteousness ; ” and in the 72nd 
Psalm these spiritual weapons are plainly 
shown. In the 22nd Psalm after an account 
of the Messiah’s sufferings and death, we see 
him living again and the result of his re¬ 
demption is thus expressed : “All the ends 
of the world shall remenabei’ and turn unto 
the Lord, and all the kindreds of the nations 
shall worship before thee.”' In Isaiah XL 
there is a prophecy of John the Precursor 
and of the spiritual highway thrown up for 
the Lord’s messengers, and we are told that 
the glory of the Lord shall be x’evealed and 
all flesh shall see it together. In Isaiah LXI, 
after the passage quoted by Jesus in the 
synagogue of Nazareth, occur these wards : 

“ And their seed shall be known among 
the Gentiles, and their offspring among 
the people : all that see them shall 
acknowledge them that they are the seed 
which the Lord hath blessed. The Lord 
will cause righteousness and praise to 
spring forth before all nations*” In Daniel 

' ' 1 * ■ * I 4 * * ; 


VII. we see the Son of Man invested with 
universal dominion, and the saints of the 
most high God, the holy people of the Mes¬ 
siah, are represented as taking the greatness 
of the kingdom under the whole heaven. 

In Ps. cx he is spoken of as a Priest forever, 
after the order of Melehizedek, who was not t 
a Jew but a Priest with princely powers, re¬ 
cognized and honoured by different tribes 
and nations, including the Abrahamie. Ia 

7 O 

Zechariah ix. 9 there is this prophecy. 

Thy king cometh unto thee ; he is just and 
1 having salvation ; lowly and riding upon an. 
ass, and upon a colt the foul of an ass.” 

And then in the very next verse we have 
these words : “ He shall speak peace nnto 
the heathen, and his dominion shall be from, 
sea to sea and from the river unto the ends 
of the earth.” How, by carnal weapons ? 

Nay : “ I will cut off the chariot from 

Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and 
the battle-bow shall be cut off.” In Haggai 
ii. 7. we have : “ I will shake all nations, 
and the desire of all nations shall come.” 

In Isaiah xi. 10, we have this beautiful pro^ 
mise : “ In that day there shall be a root of 
Jesse [Son of David yet Lord of David] 
which shall stand for an ensign of the peo¬ 
ple ; to it shall the Gentiles seek ; and his 
rest shall be glorious.” See also xlii. 1. 

These passages may suffice to show that 
the mission of the prophecied Messiah con^ 
templated the spiritual good of all nations 
and th'e world-wide diffusion of the blessings 
purchased by Him. And what is. specially 
noteworthy is that there was in all this a 
mystery and a problem that conld 2 x 0 1 be 
solved under the old dispensation. For that' 
dispensation was an elaborate endeavour to 
separate the Jewish nation from other na¬ 
tions by means of religious privileges exclu-i 
sively theirs; it was the building up of a 
partition-wall so high as to reach to heaven 
and so strong that not even the overthrow 
and captivity and dispersion of the nation, 
and all the outrages received by them during 
many ages have been able to overthrow it, 
in the minds of those who rejected the 
Messiah. Now what conld the Jews make of 
these promises which plainly guaranteed the 
communication of all the blessings pur¬ 
chased by Messiah, to. the nations of the 
earth ? There is to them an insoluble mys¬ 
tery, which will never disappear till they 
consent to recognize the solution afforded by 
the Gospel. 


INTERNATIONAL BIBLE STUDY. 

July 20 th y 1879. (Esther IF, 10-17. 

Influenced, by wounded pride and personal 
pique, Haman persaaded king Ahasnerus 
that the Jewish people scattered abroad in 
all the provinces were an element of great 
danger. Their laws—as he said—were 
diverse from those of all others; neither dicj 
they keep the king’s laws,—In those matters 
compliance with which was forbidden^y 
their own laws, Thus we have evidence 
that the captive Jews were more faithful to 
the law of God than their father^, had been, 
before the captivity. The representations of 
Haman seemed to be suppoi’ted by all the 
facts of the case. The Jews worshipped 
Jehovah whom the Persians knew not; they 
claimed to b f e the elect of God; they had $ 
horror of idolatry, and would not eat with 
idolaters ; they consituted an imgoerium in 
vnperio ? and were a perpetual menace to the 

































July 12. THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN. 233 


state. With their thrifty and industrious 
habits, and readiness to help one another, 
they prospered in a way that excited the 
envy of others. More careful observations 
of the facts would have convinced the king’s 
ministers that they were really advantageous 
to the nation. But men were blinded by pre¬ 
judice, just as Charles IX when he gave the 
Signal for the massacre of the Huguenots, 
and Louis XIV when he revoked the Edict 
of Nantes. We read in Church history that 
there was a moment, in the early part of the 
2nd century, when the enemies of Christian¬ 
ity had nearly obtained the sanction of the 
emperor for the massacre of all Christians. 
Under Hadrian, the popnlace, set in motion 
by the priests, demanded of the magistrates, 
with one voice, during the public games, the 
destruction of the Christians, and the magis¬ 
trates, fearing a sedition, were disposed to 
indulge them. Serenus Granianns, procon¬ 
sul of Asia, represented to the emperor how 
barbarous and unjust it was to sacrifice to 
the fury of a lawless multitude, persons who 
had been convicted of no crime. Hadrian 
issued an edict prohibiting the putting of 
Christians to death, unless by regular trial. 
Ahasuerus, however, consented to the destruc¬ 
tion of the Jews, and did it the more readily 
as Hainan agreed to defray the entire ex¬ 
pense of the procedure. But God proved to 
be a present help in this time of need. 
Mordecai moved Esther to intercede in be¬ 
half of ber people. But it was at the peril 
of his life that any one came unbidden into 
the presence of the king ; and Esther natur¬ 
ally shrank from an act so temerarious. 
Mordecai, informed of her trepidation, urges 
that in any case a sword is hanging over her 
head; though a queen she is none the Jess a j 
Jewess, and will be affected by the decree ; 
if she is unfaithful she cannot expect the 
interposition of God on her behalf, even if 
God in some way interpose for the deliver¬ 
ance of the Jewish people. Mordecai closes 
with these memorable words: “Who know- 
eth whether thou art come to the kingdom 
for such a time as this P ” For this very 
end, probably, God has providentially 
brought thee into this exalted place, that 
thou mightest plead for thy people and 
shield them from the king’s wrath. This 
last consideration weighed powerfully with 
Esther. It wonderfully fortifies when we 
perceive that God has been leading us and 
preparing us for the accomplishment of 
some great design of his. So she makes up 
ber mind that she will put her life in jeopar¬ 
dy that she may befriend and succour her 
people, the people of the living God. As 
the handmaid of God, for the sake of God, 
in the strength of God, she will go forward 
to the throne from which, has just been ful¬ 
minated the decree that dooms the people of 
God to death, and will petition for a remis¬ 
sion of the dread sentence. But it is of the 
utmost importance that all should be done 
that may be done, to obtain first of all a 
hearing of her cause at the throne of God. 
She must prevail there before she can 
hope to prevail with the king. So she 
would have all the Jews of Shushan lay 
nsife their worldly occupations for three 
days and wait unceasingly upon God, ri¬ 
gorously fasting and disclaiming all good¬ 
ness of their own, with humble penitence for 
their unworthiness. By neither eating nor 
drinking, is probably meant, as elsewhere in 
Scripture where similar language is used, 
mating no prepared food, nothing more than 

J3j)t \ % * 

“ >; , ' 


was absolutely necessary. It is said that 
John the Baptist came neither eating nor 
drinking. Thus we have an illustration of 
the command, Work out your own salvation 
with fear and trembling, for it is God that 
worketh in you to will and to do of his good 
pleasure. 

The king’s posts are speeding with their 
missives of death to all the provinces of the 
empire ; and wherever these messengers ar¬ 
rived, the people were soon made acquainted 
with the fact that on a fixed day, near at 
hand, all should be at liberty to fall upon the 
Jews and utterly destroy them; and the 
Jews too, speedily heard the appalling intel¬ 
ligence. Thus the decree goes forth at the 
present day among all the nations of the 
earth, that the wrath of a holy God is ready 
to descend upon the ungodly; all are under 
condemnation ; the soul that sinneth it shall 
die. But a greater than Esther has made 
propitiation for the sin of the world, and the 
servants of Christ are commanded to hasten 
to every nation, tribe and tongue with offers 
of pardon and eternal life. How culpable 
would it have been in those who were com¬ 
missioned to bear the glad tidings of Esther’s 
success at the throne, to the scattered Jews, 
if they had loitered by the way or allowed 
themselves to forget their high commission. 
How infinitely greater the guilt of those 
whom the Saviour has commissioned to con¬ 
vert sinners from the error of their way, if 
they neglect to use all speed in this moment¬ 
ous enterprize. 


REMINISCENCES. XXVII. 
Continuation of the journal kept in 
Egypt, in 1839, by Homunculus, in the days 
of spiritual blindness : 

June 11. Up at sunrise and mounting don¬ 
keys rode off to Carnak (aoneient Thebes.) 
We spent some hours among these gigantic 
ruins, too magnificent for description. A tomb 
hewn out of a single block of marble, 12 ft. 
square, containing two colossal seated figures 
(male and female) cut out of the block, has 
more artistic merit than any sculptures I 
have seen in Egypt. From one of the mounds 
of ruins, noticed a fine mirage. You would 
have sworn the trees were reflected in the 
water. In the great quadrangle which is more 
than 300 ft. square, aud which contains 140 
columns some of which are 70 ft. in height and 
18 in circumference, with capitals 60 ft. in 
circumference, one could never tire to wander, 
me thinks. Great pains have been taken to 
injure this temple. The chisel has been busily 
plied to destroy significant sculptures and efface 
the sacred heiroglvphics. Colossal statues, 24 
ft. in height; first large court with one pillar 
standing, 400 by 350 ; pro pylon, 420 ft. in 
length. Two obelisks come after the portico ; 
one of these is very lofty. But who can give 
an idea of this field of ruins P Happy the man 
who saw these structui’es in their original state. 
Towards noon we mounted our donkeys and 
having visited a number of propylons—this 
temple appears to have bad them on every side 
—we returned by an avenue of sphinxes. Not 
far from here exist two nitrous lakes of blood 
colour; in the vicinity of one of them were 
quantities of mutilated statues of grotesque 
appearance, women with lions’ heads in granite, 
some fine aud tolerably well preserved sphinx¬ 
es, two of which have beautiful physiognomies. 
We visited the Bey Osman Effendi.—Mr. J. 
invited us to leave our rais aud come aboard 
his boat. We concluded to avail ourselves of 
the polite invitation, and paying off our intract¬ 
able rais, removed to his canjiah.—Before 
leaving this (eastern) side of the river we paid 
a parting visit to Luxor. In the evening wc 
descended the river to Gournou. 


June 12. Set off soon after daylight for the 
tombs of the kings. After a ride of a couple 
of hours, partly on the plaiu, partly on the 
mountains, we reached tomb No. 17, that of 
Menephta Osiris, father of Sesostris, discovered 
by Belzoni, situated (like all the others) in as 
wild and desolate a valley as can be imagined. 
The exterior is not prepossessing, but the in¬ 
terior is most remarkable. A long corridor 
descending at an angle of 25° or 30°> conducts 
to a numerous suite of chambers, the last of 
which contains the sarchophagus. In this last 
chamber of No. 17, we discovered a hole which 
led to another corridor descending at a greater 
angle ; we entered it and followed it some 200 
ft. when we were perhaps 1,000 ft. from the 
entrance. In the general plan these tombs 
are similar, though in the details there is con¬ 
siderable variety. We visited 9 or 10. In one 
we found an immense Sarcophagus of por¬ 
phyry, some 10 ft. high, 8 wide, 12 long, a 
single block. The marvel is bow it could be 
introduced through the corridor. These tombs 
deservedly rank among the most wonderful 
monuments of ancient times. We spent the 
whole morning in them ; evei’y time we issued, 
we were surrounded by a score of Arabs desir¬ 
ous of vending their (spurious) antiquities. 
At least 9 scarabees (sacred beetles in stone) in 
10 were modern and counterfeit. Ascending 
to the top of the moan tains, we obtained a 
noble view of the expanding plain, the Nile, 
the opposite mountains. Picked up some fossil 
oyster shells. We returned to the boat, break¬ 
fasted, and afterwards rode over the immense 
plain where dwelt the ancient Thebes. It was 
probably surrounded by mounds, to keep out 
the Nile at the time of the overflow. We 
visited successively the temples of Gournou, of 
Memnon, of Medinet el Abu, and the colossal 
Memnonian statues. At the temple of Mem¬ 
non a gigantic statue in. granite lies over¬ 
thrown and broken ; it measures 24 ft. across 
the shoulders. We climbed up the pedestal 
of the vocal Memnon, and sent up a man to 
the chin, with orders to fling down a liue. Ifc 
measures 46 feet to the top of the head. Its 
mate is a single block of granite of the same 
height. Both are seated. Between the feet a 
statue, the size of life, enables the spectator to 
form an idea of the immense height of these 
colossi. The vocal Memnon is covered with 
inscriptions in Greek, Latin and modern Eu¬ 
ropean languages. Conspicuous in the desecra¬ 
tion is " Rowland’s Macassar Oil.” One of 
the temples of Medinet el Abu must have been 
—its ruins are still—of prodigious extent. We 
repaired to an Arab’s house to look at a 
mummy for which my Italian friend made an 
offer that was not accepted. Starlight when 
we returned. 

June 13. Up at sunrise. Spent the whole 
morning among the tombs. In one (subterra¬ 
nean) we walked possibly a quarter of a mile. 
Among the sculptures on the rocks perceived 
the figure of a man crucified. In another we 
saw a giraffe, leopards and other animals 
led in procession, presents made by foreign 
powers to the king of Thebes. There was also 
a representation of workmen hewing colossal 
statues out of great blocks of granite. An¬ 
other was painted in bright gay colours. These 
are now the habitations of Arabs. In the 
afternoon took our departure. 

June 14. Arrived at Genneh. We visited 
the Agent of the English and French consuls 
in hope of obtaining money, but were disap¬ 
pointed, and were obliged to accept Mr. J’s 
offer to make common stock with him to Cairo. 
We spent an hour or two at the temple of 
Denderah, whose portico appeared to us even 
more beautiful than when we first visited it. 
Its beauty grows upon you and my enthusiasm 
kept rising till the last minute. We amused 
ourselves at John Stephen’s expense. (The 
author of a book of travels.) He was greatly 
in dread of tho Bedowins when here. 

June 15. Shoot at numbers of crocodiles 
daily. Our Berber oarsmen sing in unison, 
aud sometimes wo furnish the parts. Some- 






























234 


THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN. July 12. 

%/ 


times we take the oars ourselves, and make the 
boat fly for a short time. 

16. Landed at Beliane. Mounted oamels to 
ride to the ruins of Abydos. An qld man on 
a donkey kept us company part of the way 
and amused us greatly. He roundly vituper¬ 
ated all the reigning family, indeed all Turks, 
and upbraided us for wearing the tarbouohe. 
He kept praising one Constantine, Sultan of 
the Moscovi (Emp. Nicolas, perhaps) who, he 
said, was tail) hathyr , but Mohammed Ali and 
his sons were moush tail). Came to a little 
lake surrounded by tall palms, all bending 
their heads loaded with clusters of dates, above 
the still surface. Though charmed with this 
spot, we hurried on, as it was late. Near the 
ruins, a short from J.’s gun sent a gazelle 
bounding over the tombs of the great necro¬ 
polis. Boon found ourselves on the roof of & 
temple which must have been 500 feet long 
aud 250 wide, on stones from 18 to BO feet long. 
This temple appears a virgin mine scarcely 
explored or excavated. With time, money and 
permission I would select this site to dig. 
Getting back about 10 p.m. dined with much 
sest. 

June 17. Passed two French flags, one of 
which saluted us with two shots, which we an¬ 
swered. Passed Ekniim. The beautiful evenings 
begin again. This is Ley let el Nookta, or 
Night of the miraculous Drop, which causes 
the Nile to rise. Sablonskl thinks it to be a 
relic of the veneration paid hy Egyptians to 
the dew as the tears of Isis, 

L ■ ■' —■■■»■■ ” !■* ■■ 1 ■!-. L J i HJ } ggg™ 1 Ltf 1 JL. 1. 

CORRESPONDENCE, 


To the Editor of the Bombay Guardian. 

Sir, —Are missions a failure P is a question 
that interests especially those who have to do 
with missions, but sometimes the average man 
of the world raises the question and attempts 
to reply in the same breath. He long lies 
buried in biographies, blue books, tabulated 
statements, tariffs and reports of Famine Com¬ 
missions, albeit he sometimes suddenly directs 
his attention to mission work and then he 
generally deals with the matter as a man with 
a very fragmentary knowledge of the subject 
may be expected to do. Reports of Missionary 
Societies have always been to him as dry as 
dust, and when twitted about his superficial 
acquaintance with the silent forces and causes 
operating in the line of missionary advances he 
is ready to flaunt before you some old joke 
regarding the nature of things. But of oourse 
the signs of the times in their relation to the 
leavening influence of Christian thought and 
sentiment upon the masses are not merely to 
be seen in the animal reports of all the deno¬ 
minations put together, much less in connection 
with any particular field; they are to be read 
in the reoords borne in many directions, and 
there are traces even in the depths that under¬ 
lie great organic changes and current events, 
big or small. 

It is not proposed to refer so much to the 
progress of missions as it is to touch on the 
pertinent question What stops the way ? Why 
is there not much more accomplished ? In¬ 
stead of roundly abusing such a noble band of 
men as the Indian Missionaries and otherwise 
depreciating them, the answer is to be sought 
in the history of Anglo-Indian Society, past 
and present. Politically, the individual Euro¬ 
pean is ceasing more and more to be regarded 
as the embodiment of supreme power, but, in 
a religious sense, the Anglo-Indian is still a 
representative man. He is to all intents and 
purposes a Christian as far as the Native mind 
can understand him. The Hindoos and Maho- 
medans do not very much'care to study our 
Bibfces but they are quick enough to observe 
character and if the life gives the lie direct to 
profession then it xoust be said that the mis¬ 
sionary's efforts are not only not seconded by 
his lay brethren in the East but they are posi¬ 
tively nullified in large measure, Anglo-Indian 


Society may be looked at from many sides. 
It is however contemplated to refer to one of 
its aspects. 

In a land where it is an article of the Hindoo 
and Mahomedan creeds not to use intoxicants, 
the drinking customs prevailing in Christian 
communities from the Station ‘padre down¬ 
wards must be viewed in in a very bad light. 
Ah ! there he has gone to temperance, some will 
say. Yes, and they must thank your worthy 
correspondent J. H. for the trouble since he 
is so persistent in his advocacy of a Temperance 
Column, It is doubtless unpleasant to bore 
people with the one idea of total abstinence 
but the subject deserves on all proper occasions 
to be thoroughly ventilated in all its hearings. 
There are even gospel workers, including some 
of our local Phebes, Priscillas, Tryphenas and 
Tryphosas, who are shy of the temperance 
cause and they have yet to learn that if John 
the Baptist, or the Sons of Thunder, or Paul 
and Barnabus were now living witnesses of the 
constitution of modern society, they would 
fling themselves heartily into the work of tem¬ 
perance reform. If we want to render appre¬ 
ciable assistance to the Missionary in India let 
us at all times and in every possible way help 
to create and foster a strong healthy and dis¬ 
tinctively Christian public sentiment against 
the drinking usages of the day which are deve* 
loped under the principles of the moderation 
school. And this cannot be well done without 
organization. 

With these remarks I send you some extracts 
from Anderson’s " English in Western India” 
and trust you will kindly publish them in your 
“ Temperance Column.” It is to be hoped a 
dispassionate perusal will lead some to form a 
more correct judgment as to what are the real 
difficulties in the way of the Missionary in this 
country. If it be true that “ history repeats 
itself” then we may well understand what 
remains to be done. 

Yours faithfully, 

W. A. E. R. 


WHAT SHALL I no ? 

Sir, —For some time past, I have been toss¬ 
ing on the waves of doubt. My own religion— 
altho’ undoubtedly the best of all other known 
religious systems, except your own,—has long 
since ceased, in some unaccountable maimer, 
to satisfy my spiritual wants. I have tried 
Deism, but an undefinable something within, 
tells me that I am still as far from the living 
God as ever. The Christian religion bids fair 
to commend itself to my inmost soul, but there 
are difficulties in the way of my unqualified 
acceptance of it, which to my unaided efforts 
have proved almost insurmountable. I owe 
my acquaintance with the Bible to that very 
secular education which you condemn. I had 
to study the Paradise Lost ” for an examina¬ 
tion, and the innumerable allusions in which 
that epic abounds, first directed my attention to 
the Book of books. I read and re-read it. Un¬ 
luckily perhaps for myself, side by side with it, 
I devoured greedily the works of what you 
would call heretical authors,—^and it was Thor 
mas Paine who first instilled into my un¬ 
tutored mind my first doubt of the divinity of 
the Bible. That doubt has since by turns had a 
firmer and a weaker hold of me, but to this 
moment I have not been able to get over it 
entirely. This is my first difficulty in the ac¬ 
ceptance of the Gospel. My second difficulty is 
that to be a perfect Christian, I must perforce 
embrace the religion openly. No half measures, 
I am told, no compromises, will avail in spirit¬ 
ual matters. Now, Sir, I hate the word Con¬ 
vert. It is to me a bye-word, a term of reproach 
and shame. I have come across numbers of 
the unhappy beings who bear that hated 
name, i have seen them pooh-poohed by the 
community to which they once belonged, and 
slighted by that- into which they have thrust 
themselves, hy the very persons who might 
be expected to respect their feelings. I have 
heard it openly remarked that you cannot ex¬ 


pect constancy from those who* change their 
father’s faith as easily as one would a torn 
shoe. Then again the convert’s motive is open 
to misconstruction aud as a rule is always mis¬ 
construed. Yery few, if any, give him credit 
for sincerity, and he is obliged to live an out¬ 
cast. 

I am a regular reader of your journal and if 
you know of any talisman to open my eyes to 
the truth, and at the same time to arm me 
with the necessary moral courage to declare 
it openly, pray Sir, do not withhold H from one 
who for the last twenty years has been strug- ' 
gling out of darkness only to find himself in 
deeper gloom. 

Moor Mooriex. 

Gi rgaum, 9th July 1879. 

[Vie are much obliged to our correspondent 
for the frank statement of his difficulties, bub 
are obliged to defer our reply till next week.— 

Ed. I>\ G.] 


Deae Sir, —Will you permit me through the 
medium of your journal to bring to your notice 
a want I am sure that is felt by the Christ¬ 
ian protestant members residing at Bhosawul 
that is, the permanent appointment of a resi¬ 
dent minister. Considering this station to bo 
about one of the largest on the line, and tho 
vast number of Railway employes, it is a mat** 
ter of regret that the Methodist Episcopal 
Church have not taken it up. It is true, that 
the station is visited once a month by the 
Railway Chaplain, and that services are held 
every Sabbath by the Schoolmaster. But ser¬ 
vices on the principle of the M. E. Church with 
Meetings, and Visitations, would lam convince 
ed lead the Railway men to a higher moral 
character, as well as be the means of blessing 
to many family men whose hard earnings are 
spent in places of amusement. Could you not. 
Dear Sir, advocate such a cause in your valtri¬ 
able paper, and thereby confer a great boon on 
many, who would hail with delight such aa 
inauguration. 

Our native brethren are conducting meetings 
evevy night in differ'ent parts of the village, 
and the attendance on every occasion is very 
fair, some walk lug considerable distances to be 
in attendance, especially on the Sabbath, and 
these meetings have been greatly blessed, and 
have been the means of inducing a reciprocal 
feeling of good will on the part of its members 
from the highest to the lowest, and if such an 
example was followed by the European and 
Eurasian brethren, it is natural to expect a 
similar out-pouring of the Lord’s blessing ou 
them and greatly enhance thrir happiness by 
a nnitual good feeling for each other. 

Yours in the Lord, 

Well Wisher to the Railway Employes, 


NOTICES. 


Receives for the House of Hope from W. A*. 
Rs. 10. We regret tp learn that the contribiu 
fcions to this institution haye lately fallen be-s 
hind the necessary expenditure, and that there 
is no money in hand for the supply of imme^ 
diate wants. 


Receivei> for the new M. E. church-edifice, 
Gyant Road, from Mrs. B. Rs. 5 *, T, G. Rs. 50. 


(Bpitome of 


Saturday, July 5, 

—Mr. Gladstone, in the debate of June 12 $ 
An argument has been used by the lion, mem¬ 
ber for Hackney which it is difficult to answer; 
at any rate, it is high time it should be 
answered, if answer can be given. In an able 
article on Indian finance he has put this ques¬ 
tion, ‘ If yon determine to apply your doctrines 
of free trade, why do you apply them to 








































n 


f 


\ July 12. 


THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN. 


235 


the import duties upon cotton goods, and why 
not to export duties on Indian produce ? ’ On 
every principle which has governed legislation 
in this direction, export duties have been 
marked out as the very iirst victims to he 
offered on the altar ef ft ee-trade. In this in- 
stance there is the strongest additional reason 
for beginning with the export duties, for one 
of your embarrassments is the state of ex¬ 
change, the difficulties of remittance, and the 
lovr prices at which Indian bills are sold in 
consequence of the want of a market for them, 
v This argument is one we are entitled to expect 
Her Majesty's Government to meet in full if 
they intend to adhere to this measure, which 
has been, I think, precipitately and unwisely 
adopted, in opposition to the strong sentiment 
of the Indian people, for the repeal of the 
cotton duties. 

—The Lancet says :—A question has been 
raised in connexion with one of the lar ge pro¬ 
vincial schools, whether the children might not, 
with advantage, be allowed to adopt the practice 
prevalent in Scotland, Ireland, and many large 
districts on the Continent and in the colonies, 
of going bare-footed. As against the custom 
i©f wearing bad shoes that will let in the water 
<and are soaked in wet weather, and stockings 
which are ixtrely changed, there can, we think, 
he no ground to doubt the expediency of aban¬ 
doning foot coverings altogether. Nature will 
be her own shoemaker in the matter of protec¬ 
tion, the cuticle being hardened just where a 
pad is needed and nowhere else, and she will 
•amply provide for the due defence of the extrem-. 
fty against cold by establishing .-a mare abund¬ 
ant supply of blood to the extremities, 

Monday, July 7. 

—The Bxaminer Some notable occurrences 
took place in the State trials at Kieff. A daugh¬ 
ter of .an Imperial councillor. Miss Nathalie 
Armfeldt; another lady who ranks as a noble, 
M iss Mary Kovalev ski.; and Miss Katharina 
:Sarando vitek, the daughter of a tehinovnik, or 
•official, were condemned to bard labour, as 
complices of a -revoluntionary conspiracy, for 
fourteen year sand ten months. Again, Miss 
Mary PoHtainoy, the daughter of a retired 
staff officer, wa*s condemned to four years of 
hard labour for not having informed -the police 
of what she knew of the doings of the incrimi¬ 
nated men. Before these severe sentences 
-were delivered, t-w-o af the accused men—one 
of them a German, the other a Russian subject 
«—had been sentenced., in the same sitting, to 
ibe shot. It is reported that the conduct of the 
•accused, men and women, was all through the 
trial characterised by the utmost firmness. 
None of them acknowledged that they had 
committed any th big which could be consider¬ 
ed a crime. Nor did they offer a word in pal¬ 
liation of their acts, when called upon to do so 
before the judges withdrew to consider their 
verdict. On hearing the penalty of death pro¬ 
nounced against Brandtner and Antonoff, Miss 
Sarandovifcch, however, fainted, and Miss 
Armfeldt fell moaning to the ground- When 
we remember the infamous cruelties practised 
in Russian dungeons upon political prisoners 
—cruelties the existanee of which was proved 
not long since during the memorable trial of 
Vjera Sussulitch—vve can well understand that 
a woman s strength should be overcome at the 
prospect of sufferings before which men have 
not seldom quailed, in the present case there 
was e\ eft further cause tor these women to 
feel somewhat unnerved. On a previous day 
another lady of rank, Miss Sophia Lesehern 
von Herzfelcl, whose name indicates German 
.descent, had been sentenced to be shot; and in 
Aall probability Miss Sarandovitch and Miss 
Armfeldt expected, on hearing the sentence of 
death against Anton off, that theirs would be 
the same fate. But the judges were in a merci¬ 
ful mood ; hence the condemnation to four¬ 
teen years and ten month’s bard 1 abour—only! 
.Such is the barbarous cruelty which Alexander 
the Benevolent .has to use against ladies of 
'high culture; ainji .belonging to the upper strata 


of society, for the sake of maintiniug his 
intolerable despotism. The rottenness of the 
whole Russian state structure could not show 
itself more strikingly. This war against women 
is nothing new under the government of the 
present mag nan i moils Czar, The persecution 
under which Vjera Sassulitch suffered is one 
of the most terrible cases in point—unmatched, 
we believe, in the history of the most relentless 
despots of the world. As a school girl of 
seventeen she had known the sister of a 
student who afterwards became a political 
exile; she was—for no other reason than having 
taken care of a few letters addressed l(*o him 
—thrown into a Bastile and kept a prisoner 
for two years. There was nothing to incrimi¬ 
nate her. No attempt wa-s made to prefer any 
charge against lier. For a mere unfounded 
suspicion she had to pass one year of misery 
in the Litowski Trisen, another in the Fortress 
of St. Peter and St. Paul. At last she thought 
she was forgotten and might have to pass her 
whole life in a dungeon until the end of all 
troubles would come by death. Suddenly re¬ 
leased after two years,she had scarcely returned 
to her broken-hearted mother when she was 
re-arrested and transported by gendarmes to a 
distant province by way of banishment. No 
charge of dress not even a mantle was she 
permitted to take with her. Had npt some 
compassionate soul given her a fur her 
weary way, she might have perished from cold 
on the road. 13uring nine more years she was 
then driven, “ moved on,” from place to place 
in distant provinces ; the only variation in this 
“ infernal circle” of involuntary wanderings 
being an occasional re-imprisonment. The 
poor girls mind was thus wrought to phrenzy. 
Between all these sufferings of her own she 
heard of TrepofTs treatment of political prison¬ 
ers, whom the arch-villain had k non ted, whilst, 
with a refinement of cruelty, he enacted a pan¬ 
tomimic use of the instruments of torture 
before the female section of prisoners, as if an 
indiscriminate castigation of all the inmates of 
the dungeon were intended. The conclusion 
of the drama is in everybody’s recollection. 
Trepoff fell severely wounded from a pistol-shot 
of Vjera Sassulitch *, but twelve men good and 
true—almost all, without exception, titled men, 
aulic councillors, and the like—gave a verdict 
of u not guilty.” For a moment, the liberated 
heroine was borne in triumph through the 
masses at St. Petersburg, then deposited in a 
coach so as to allow her to recover as quickly 
a s possible, in dom es tic quiet, from the suffer- 
in gs she had for so many years gone through. 
The day after she had disappeared—nobody 
kne^ whither. A secret order of the p°hce 
has sincebeendiscovered, orderingher re-a rres ^. 

judical forms of trial were afterwards 
changed by an Imperial ukase. Finally, trial by 
jury wn^ entirely done away with for oases like 
those of Vjeri Sassulitch, until the last possi¬ 
ble stage in official terrorism has now been 
reached—namely, the establishment of courts- 
mai’tial for women, to pass sentences of death 
on them. 

—Bombay Gazette ; Rangoon, 4 : “ Four days 
after Colonel Browne, the new Resident, ar¬ 
rived at Mandalay, the sons, wives, and daugh¬ 
ters of Nyoung, and the Prince’s three uncles, 
were massacred by order of Theehaw. Though 
they are not of blood royal, yet by this act the 
Burmese have broken the promise given to the 
late Mr. Shaw, when in February last, he 
threatened to haul down the flag and leave the 
country. The Government information almost 
tallies with the above. The impression is that 
the atrocities continue because The chaw holds 
British power in utter contempt. This feeling 
is increased by the subsidy to the Afghan 
Amir, whom thev laughingly say we conquered 
and then pay to keep p°ace. There is also a 
conviction now amongst our own people that 
the Government intend taking no notice of the 
massacres, and that business, which is daily 
improving, is unaffected by siich news. In 
Mandalay ten lotteries are held almost daily, 
bringing Theebaw revenue of 80,000 month- 




ly. These divert attention from his cruelties. 

—The Norddentsche Zeitnng says that the 
Chinese Ambassador at Berlin, Li Fangpap, 
well-known in his own country as a great 
scholar, has lately read as Chinese the inscrip¬ 
tion on a vase found by Dr Sc 1 diemann in the 
lowest stratum of his excavations at Hissarlik, 
and figured on p. *i0 of the introduction to his 
“ Troy and its Remains,” 

—Mr. B. Malabari, in the Bombay Review, 
says : What I mean to say is that the Maratha 
Brahmins are a high-born race, possessing ke<?u 
intellectual energies. That the ( education’ 
they have been receiving has a tendency to the 
premature development of their national in¬ 
stinct—political independence, to the utter 
neglect of a sense of social or moral obligations. 
This education ought to be such as may be 
able to divert the current of their natural bent 
into other channels. Coercion in Inch a case 
would'be simply disastrous. Bub I fear I ana 
growing incoherent; and will therefore con¬ 
clude. It is a fashion of the day with many 
Europeans to smell Maratha sedition in. 
every street-row. This is wrong and unjust. 
But it is equally wicked of the friends of 
natives to deny the very existence of popular 
discontent. T repeat that an irritated feeling 
’has taken hold of almost all classes. The only 

V 

difference is that the Marathas and the Ben¬ 
galis publish their opinions without fear or 
reserve, while the other sections are plotting 
and abusing in silence. An honest mind can¬ 
not help admiring the former spirit, however 
mischievously it might be perverted by over 
zeal. I am loath to attach any immediate polit¬ 
ical significance to occasional out-bursts of 
popular disaffection. But the ( policy ’ of the 
official class in these matters is astounding. 
They say the mischief done in the Deccan has 
no connection, at all, with general discontent. 
So the authorities assure ns, God bless them. 

“ Why should there be discontent P ” they ask. 
They first give the people liberal education, 
which teaches them to assert their dignity as 
men, and their rights and privileges as free¬ 
born citizens. Then, as if it were, mocking 
at all common sense and consistency, they 
deprive the people of the use. of arms ; they 
saddle them with hateful, unjust, unbearable 
burdens ; and when they speak out with the 
vigour of conscious truth, they deprive them 
of the power of speech. They then ask the 
people “ are you discontented P ” They an¬ 
swer the question themselves in the negative, 
and admire their own shrewd diplomacy. Was 
ever folly more infatuated f Why can’t they 
meet the difficulty like Englishmen and Christ¬ 
ians ? Why can’t they yield as far as reason 
dictates, and then demand all that self-interest 
requires ? The wretched twaddle about hand¬ 
ing over India to the Natives is seen through, 
England might as well talk of plucking out 
her heart as of giving up possession of India. 
She will not do so till she is made to. And I 
pray that day may never come. It will be a 
dark day for India as far as I can see. And 
yet the tendency is almost that way. 

Tuesday, July 8. ’ 

—-The Amir of Kabul has sent an official to 
Kandahar for the purpose of making arrange¬ 
ments for the evacuation of that town by Bri¬ 
tish troops. 

-—Rangoon, 7 : The news is confirmed that 
fresh massacres have taken place at Mandalay, 
Since Colonel Browne arrived there fully one 
dozen lives and probably more have been sacri¬ 
ficed.. * ■* 

—The Indian Daily News says :—It is be- 
gining to be doubted whether the English mills 
can ever regain the ground lost, as far as the 
lower class of cotton goods is concerned. The 
Indian mills number "only fifty-three, and are 
thus distributed—41 in Bombay, 5 in Calcutta, 

2 in Madras, 2 at Cawnpore, and 1 each at 
Indore, Hyderabad, and Nagpore. The great¬ 
est and most noteworthy fact in connection 
with this controversy is the foreign or extra 
Indian demand for what are known as Bombay 




































236 THE BOMBAY GTIAHDTAN 


\ 


July 12. 


of the Cordilleras the line passes no less than 
sixty-one tunnels. Such a railway, traversing 
bights once supposed to be utterly inaccessi¬ 
ble, necessarily possesses some wonderful 
bridges. One of the most remarkable is that 
of Verragos, which rests upon two iron 
columns of 240 feet in height. The intellect¬ 
ual creator of this stupendous work was the 
American engineer Meiggs, who died in 1877, 
the contractor of the line between Chili and 
Valparaiso. 

The Emperor and Empress of Germany have 
issued an address to their subjects, expressing 
their thanks for the numerous testimonies of 
loyalty which have reached them, and signify- 
, ing their gratification at the establishment in 
^commemoration of the Golden Wedding of a 
network of charitable institutions which ex¬ 
tends over the whole empire. The Emperor, 
addressing an assembly of Protestant clergy¬ 
men and students in Berlin, said there might 
be different ways of looking at minor points of 
revelation, but he warned the students against 
impairing Biblical authority by diverse inter¬ 
pretations. For himself he would always ad¬ 
here to the union of the Lutheran and Reform¬ 
ed creeds, as effected by his father in the Prus¬ 
sian Established Church. 

During a thunderstorm last week lightning 
struck a storehouse of the Atlantic Petroleum 
Refining Company at Point Breeze, on Schuyl¬ 
kill River, Philadelphia, setting fire to the 
petroleum. The flames were mastered, after 
having destroyed the building, tents, and st ore¬ 
house, covering thirty-five acres ; 50,000 bar¬ 
rels of petroleum, and five small ships. It 
throws 2,000 persons out of employment. 


goods. The Indian field is far from being 
occupied, and yet a new Indian demand has 
sprung up, which has risen in four years from 
a value of Rs. 52,26,298 to a value of Rs. 
1,14,27,323. This is, when rightly looked at, a 
testimony against the character of the English 
goods. They are below the requirements of 
the consumers of cotton goods. These seek 
the Indian article, because it is a better wear¬ 
ing material; it is, in short, a more honest 
fabric. Lancashire has only her own short¬ 
comings to blame, if she find herself excluded 
from Eastern markets. 

—We (Deccan Herald) are sorry to learn that 
the rats have again appeared in the Sholapur 
district, and are doing much damage to the 
crops. The destruction of these rats has again 
occupied the attention of Government, and they 
are determined to use every means to put an 
end to this plague. Dr. Theodore Cooke has 
been requested to suggest means for the de¬ 
struction of these pests, and we have no doubt 
that one so fertile in resources will discover 
something effectual in this direction. The 
poor people are sadly discouraged by the re¬ 
appearance of the rats, which have destroyed 
their grain crops for two years past. Prompt¬ 
ness in action will greatly add to its value. 

—The Queen has been graciously pleased to 
institute a new order, the order of St. Kather¬ 
ine. The order is to be reserved as a reward 
of merit for those nurses who have distinguish¬ 
ed themselves by long service and good con¬ 
duct. The first installation was held recently, 
in the Board Room of the Westminister Hospi¬ 
tal, when the order of St. Katherine was con¬ 
ferred on three of the nurses of the institution, 
in the presence of a large and distinguished 
company. 

—Indian Ghr. Herald: On Wednesday last 
a baptism took place in the Free Church Insti¬ 
tution under circumstances of a deeply interest¬ 
ing and encouraging nature. The candidate 
Surendra Nath Barat, is a student in the 2nd 
year’s College Class. His father, Babu Rakhal 
Das Barat, belongs to a respectable Kabiraj 
family of Kongerparah, near Pundooah, and is 
a practitioner of long standing in Calcutta. 
Having passed the Entrance Examination in 
the First Division from the Hare School in 
1877, Surendra joined the F. C. Institution in 
January 1878. He passed high in the first 
quarterly Examination in all the subjectsexeept 
the Bible. Here he failed, as he had not stu¬ 
died it at all before joining the Missionary 
Institution. Determined, however, that it 
should not be so next time, he got some books 
from one of the Professors, amongst others 
* The Genius of the Gospel,’ and set himself to 
master not only the parts studied in the usual 
lessons of the class, but many others. The 
result was that in the 2nd quarterly Examina¬ 
tion he stood first in the Bible, and he has kept 
liis honourable position all along, sometimes 
securing 45 out of 50 marks. But God had 
better things in store for him than mere dis¬ 
tinction as a student. The Word took hold of 
the student’s heart as well as his head, and he 
became a regular attender at the Sunday Even¬ 
ing Musical Evangelistic services in the Insti¬ 
tution, where his convictions deepened and 
strengthened. 

He was impressed by the Rev. L. Rivington’s 
.discourses ; was brought to the missionaries as 
an enquirer, by a Chr. student ; and passed 
through the ordeal of parental opposition. 
His friends tried as a last expedient to have 
him transferred to another college. For this 
purpose his father came to the Institution on 
Wednesday morning ; but Surendra himself, 
on being sent for by his father, said,-as he had 
said on Monday and again on Tuesday, that he 
had no wish to be transferred, that on the 
other hand he wished there and then to carry 
out his original resolution and be baptized. 
The ceremony was performed by the Rev. K. 
S. Macdonald in the presence of his colleagues 
and of Surendra’s father who sat beside him, 
aad his fellow students. 


Wednesday, July 9. 

— Bombay Gazette j Lahore. “ The trial of 
Casorati for stabbing a native in the Simla 
bazaar promises to be the most glaring miscarri¬ 
age of justice ever perpetrated in this country, 
and only to be justified as a set off to the cele¬ 
brated Fuller case. It will scarcely be believed 
that in a subscription list which has been 
started in aid of the defence of the accused 
will be found the names of well nigh all the 
high officials now congregated at Simla, not 
even excepting (mirabile dicta l) that of Her 
Maj esty’s representative himself.” 

—Robert Hicks, private 7th Fusiliers, Cola- 
ba, 8hot himself through the head with a rifle, 
on the 7th. . * 

— Bombay Gazette : Mr. Rugooputrow 
Kristna, a railway contractor, has completed 
two buildings at the Dhond Railway station, 
one a medical dispensary, and the other a 
library, the cost of which is about Rs. 5,000; 
and about Rs. 50 per month has been allotted 
for the purpose of meeting the expenses of the 
medical dispensary. A relief house has also 
been built by the same gentleman, where about 
one hundred infirm and helpless persons are 
fed daily ; each male adult being provided with 
a cumhlie, bundee and dhoter ; a female, sarree 
and cholee, and child, a dhoter and bundee. 

—Times of India: Mr. St. Barbe, the Polit¬ 
ical Agent at Bhamo, has returned to Manda¬ 
lay, a "tribe between these places being in re¬ 
bellion. The cause of the rebellion is the ex¬ 
actions of the King’s soldiery. 

“—Government have consented to a public 
prosecution in the criminal proceedings against 
Nursey Kessowjee. 

—Two revolutionary movements are report¬ 
ed from South America. News has been re¬ 
ceived at Rio de Janeiro from Paraguay that 
Senor Godoy, a leader of the Opposition, has 
deposed President Barrevio, and seized the 
reins of power. A Buenos A} f res despatch of 
May 18 announces that a rising has occurred 
in the province ofJujuy, and that the rebels 
have imprisoned Senor Torino, the Governor, 
and are fortifying the town of Salta. 

— Overland Mail, June 20 : Amongst the 
deaths recorded this week are :—-Major-Gen. 
the Right Hon. SirT. A. Larcora, Bart., K.C.B.; 
Major-Gen. J. R. Auldjo, late B.S.C.; Col E. 
M. Ryan, B.S.C.; Col. A. C. Scott, Bengal 
Army', ret.; Lieut.-Col. W. K. Loyd, formerly 
Madras Art.; Lieut.-Col. C. W. Holder, late 
Scots Guards; Lieut.-Col. Commandant T. 
Miller; Capt. T. Mcdormond, late H.E.I.C.S.; 
and Rear-Admiral H. F. McKillop, R.N., C.B. 

The special correspondent of the Daily News 
tells a terrible story of still unburied comrades 
at Isandula. Four months had passed to the day 
when Mr. Archibald Forbes—we assume that 
it is he—was present at the recovery of some 
of the waggons, papers, and valuables which 
had been left on the field. The Zulus had, for 
the most part, cleared away their dead ; but 
there lay Col. Durnford, easily identified, the 
centre of a group who had fought and fallen 
with him. If anything raises indignation 
against Lord Chelmsford it is this humiliating 
neglect of the dead, who have remained rotting 
in the camp of Isandula—those scores of 
doomed officers, those hundreds of brave men 
lying for months neglected in a field within 
sight of the British camp. 

A Spanish-American journal gives an in¬ 
teresting account of the. extraordinary route 
and construction of theFerro CarilTransandino, 
or Andes Railway, the highest on the face of 
the globe. A great part of this line is already 
in use. It begins at Callao, in Peru, runs along 
the coast of the Pacific Ocean as far as Lima, 
then rises to the Andes, where it attains in one 
place to the dizzy elevation of 14,260 feet or 
about a level with the summit of Mont Blanc, 
and almost double the hight of the line of per¬ 
petual snow in the European Alps. The iron 
for this incomparable line was delivered by 
England, the wood by California and Oregon. 
In the huge field of rock between the chains 


Thursday, July 10 . 

— Times of India ; London : We may hope 
soon to see quarter rates for Indian press mes¬ 
sages, as is the custom between England and 
America. 

—Same ; Simla, 9 ; The Queen -Empress has 
caused to be conveyed to Rnnodip Singh an d 
General Dhereshumshere an expression of her 
warm approval of their conduct in preventing 
the committing of suttee by the widows of the 
late Nepanlese Commander-in-Chief, 

—Poona, 9; Seven men accused of being 
concerned in the Dhajer village dacoity, were 
transported to-day . for ten years each. 

—-The Str. Indus, with English Mails, left 
Aden for Bombay, Tuesday, 9 p. m, 

—On the 27th ultimo a small party of grass- 
cutter s were attacked by robbers near Lundi 
Kotal, two of their number murdered, and three 
carried away. 

—On the 26th June, some camelmen, return¬ 
ing from Thu 11 to Bunnoo with twenty camels, 
were carried off into the hills ; ten of the men 
have been released, but one man, a Sikh, was 
murdered. 

—There are (says the Civil and Military 
Gazette) now 149 Somajes scattered throughout 
India. In Calcutta alone there are twenty, in 
Bengal, 54; in Assam, 7; Chota Nagpur, 3 ; 
Behar 7 ; Orissa, 2 : N. W.' P. 8; C. P., 1 ; 
Punjaub, 5; Scinde, 3; Guzerat, 3; Bombay, 

6 ; aud Madras, 6. Of these 44 have Man dir s , 
or places of worship. In connection with the 
society eighteen different periodicals are pub¬ 
lished. Of these 6 are in English ; 9 Bengali; 
and one each in the Hindi and Oria languages, 
and one iu Anglo-Mahratti. There are four 
schools kept up by the society, independently 
of schools and classes provided by the local 
Somajes for their own district. 

—The desire of the Sultan to recall Mah¬ 
moud Nedim Pasha, the “ Mali moudof ” and 
creature of General Ignatieff in the evil days ^4 
1876, is (says the Pall Mall Gazette) additional 
evidence of the success of Russian diplomacy 
at the Porte. 

—-At the recent Punderpoor Fair the num¬ 
ber . of pilgrims gathered together from the 
surrounding district was about 75,000, but the 
fair passed off without being injurious to the 
health of the people congregated together. 

/V 



















Watchman i An extraordinary scene has 
been witnessed at a meeting of the Presby¬ 
terian General Assembly iu Belfast, where the 
ministers and eiders present, numbering near¬ 
ly 4*00, continued a-debate on the introduc¬ 
tion of hymns until a quarter past three a. m. 
The discussion on the question of an autho- 
fnsed sanction for hymns was throughout ear¬ 
nest, and often excited, and finally, on an 
amendment declaring “ the only psalmody of 
the Assembly to bo the version "of the Psalms 
of David now in use, ” the voting was—for 
the amendment, 225; against it, 157; and the 
announcement of the numbers was received 
by the anti-bymoists with cheers; they rose 
to their feet and cheered for several minutes. 

—Advance : “ In connection with the event of 
Dr. Pal mage’s acquittal by the Brooklyn Pres¬ 
bytery, we desire to invite attention again to 
the new volume containing the much-maligned 
sermons some times designated, “Under the 
Gas light.” The book is entitled “ The Masque 
Tom Off” and is published by J. Fairbanks & 
Co., of Chicago; The sermons contain some of 
the most remarkable specimens of Dr. Talmage’s 
word-painting power. They abound in striking 
facts and anecdotes for illustration, and it is 
safe to say do not contain one line that would 
teud to put a hearer to sleep, whether sinner 
or saint. We invite special attention to one 
sermon headed “ Heroes in Common Life,” 
which makes eloquent pleas for the Heroes of 
the Sick Room, Heroes of Toil, Heroes of Do¬ 
mestic Injustice and the Heroes of Charity, 
who give out of their poverty where it costs 
something to give. Another discourse calcu¬ 
lated to carry comfort to many a troubled 
heart, is one entitled “ The Hornet’s Mission.” 
Another, which has brought the author many 
grateful responses, is “The Acids of Life.” 
As to the uncovering of the iniquitous places 
of New York, it is done with such a pervading 
sense of their infamy and such a literal depict¬ 
ing of all their foulness and poisonous effects 
upon those who resort to them for pleasure, 
and yet. with such perfect purity of speech that 
no harm could possibly result from reading 

nornact. cmmiAn n 


present sleeping they are not by any means 
dead, and that at the end of the monsoon they 
will recommence their work of disturbing the 
country. By the end of the monsoon, as it 
turns out, most of them will be safely within 
the walls of the district jails, and it will then 
remain to be seen whether the cunning of the 
more criminal instigators will suffice to protect 
them also. 

—Same: “Mr Justice Bayley yesterday dis¬ 
posed of a suit for dissolution of marriage 
brought by Ellen Henrietta Crage against her 
husband William Crage, a Local Funds en¬ 
gineer in charge of the water works now being 
built under the Collector of Ratnagiri. The 
grounds alleged in the petition were cruelty, 
desertion, and adultery. The charges were 
clearly proved; the respondent’s counsel not 
even crosjs-examining the witnesses called for 
the petitioner. At the close of the case, his 
Lordship made a decree nisi for disolution of 
marriage : the respondent to pay the petition¬ 
er’s costs of the petition and of the hearing of 
the suit. The petitioner is to have the custody 
of the minor children.” 




LOCAL HISTORY AND DRINK. 

WHAT STOPS THE WAY ? 

From Anderson’s “ English in Western 
India” :— 


these earnest sermons/ 

Friday, July 11. 

—Deaths last week, 432. 

-—Times of India ; Candahar, 10 : The Ameer 
Yakoob Khan has received a letter from Ayoub 
Khan, the Governor of Herat, saying, “ You 
should not have made peace with the English, 
They will throw you over as they did your 
father, Shere Ali, whenever they find it con¬ 
venient. I will not fight against the Persians, 
who have treated me so well for a long time 
pasL Anyhow, I hold Herat; not you.” The 
Persian troops have marched to the Afghan 
borders at Seistan, and Ayoub probably refers 
to them. Turkoman troops are plundering al¬ 
most to the gates of Herat. 

—of rain, fort, 26 in. 

—Times of India : We hear that an offer has 
been * made by Messrs. Sassoon of the old 
High Court building to the Municipality for 
the purposes of Municipal Offices. The build¬ 
ing is very spacious, having twice the area of 
the present Municipal Offices. 

—Bombay Gazette : There are over sixty men 
in custody, most of them belonging to Was- 
goodeo BulwunPs two gangs. The sharpness 
•f the fight in which Major Darnell’s party was 
engaged -is testified to by the fact that over 
If teen wounded men have been brought in, 
while the police have heard of at least six more' 
besides those that died subsequently to the 
skirmish. The pursuit will not be relaxed, we 
are assured, until the last man has been ac¬ 
counted for; so the people will see it most 
conclusively demonstrated that if British law 
and retribution are sometimes perhaps unavoid¬ 
ably slow, they are at least now-a-days, as 
before, tremendously certain. Anonymous 
letter's have tauntingly been sent to the autho¬ 
rities from time to time, assuring them that if 
$he followers of Sivajee the Second are at 


I do not find a word of anything good in the 
local annals, either written or printed. As soon 
as I do, it will be a pleasure to serve up what 
must be more agreeable to the “ gentle reader” 
than depreciatory strictures. Iu the mean¬ 
while it is not my fault if nausea is created by 
a surfeit of disgraceful aneedates. 

Judge patiently reader. Imagine yourself on 
the Bench for six months ; see what culprits 
we shall bring before you, and then s a y whe¬ 
ther you cannot form an opinion as to the 
statistics of folly and crime amongst Anglo- 
Indians in the Bombay Presidency at the 
opening of the eighteenth century. 

According to Terry, the natives had formed 
a mean estimate of Christianity. It was not 
uncommon to hear them at Surat giving ut¬ 
terance to snch remarks as “ Christian I'eligion, 
devil religion ; Christian much drunk.” 

Sir Thomas Roe remarked with disgust the 
prevalence of intemperance amongst Europeans 
at Surat and wondered that it was tolerated by 
the Native Government. Drunkenness, he write's 
and “ other exorbitances proceeding from it 
were so great in that place, that it was rather 
wonderful they were suffered to live.” The 
manners of the young men of the Factory were 
extremely dissolute and on that account they 
were continually involved in quarrels with the 
natives. Even the President after passing the 
night on board the ship which brought Della 
Yalle, no sooner rose, in the morning than he 
began drinking “burntwine.” Where intem¬ 
perance prevailed to such an extent, there 
must also have been a considerable amount of 
crime. 

When Fryer visited Surat he saw an Arme¬ 
nian flogged through the city simply because 
detected in the act of selling liquor. But 
Akbar, the late Emperor had published a 
decree permitting intoxicating spirits to be 
sold to Europeans because he said “ they were 
born in the element of wine as fish are produ¬ 
ced in that of water” and “ to prohibit them 
the use of it is to deprive them of life.” In 
consequence of Akbar’s consideration for a 
National failing an English cook was so lucky 
as to light upon a shop where they sold what 
was called Armenian wine. “ But” remarks 
Terry “ I do believe there was scarce another 
in that populous city of that trade ; the greater 
shame for those, whosoever they be, that suffer 
so many tippling-houses (in the places where 
they have power to restrain them) which are 


the devil’s nursery, the very tents where Satan 
dwells, where Almighty God receives abun¬ 
dance of dishonor, drunkenness being a sin 
which hath hands and fingers to draw ali other 
sins unto it; for a drunkard can do anything 
and be anything but good. 

Various causes were assigned for the alarm¬ 
ing mortality amongst Europeans in Bombay. 
But without doubt many diseases were caused 
and most were aggravated by the intemperance 
which was so common. As long as the sick 
soldiers were attended by Medical men at their 
own houses, there was no possibility of re¬ 
straining them from the indulgence of their 
favourite vice. When death was staring them 
in the face they became more reckless. They 
cannot be kept from debauchery wrote the 
Deputy Governor “ though never so sick to the 
destruction of their bodies and souls.” And 
again he remarks that to persons labouring 
under the diseases of the country strong drink 
is mortal, which to make an English soldier 
leave off is almost as difficult as to make him 
divest his nature, .nay though present death be 
laid before him as the reward of the ill-gratify¬ 
ing of his palate. This is the true cause our 
Bombay bills of mortality have swelled so 
high. 

Continual squabbles occurred when men’s 
passions were inflamed by intoxicating liquors. 
A duel fought between Mr. Hornigold and Cap¬ 
tain Minch in had its origin at some wild orgies; 
and, as President Aungier remarked was “ the 
usual effect of that accursed Bombay punch, 
to the shame, scandal and ruin of the nation 
and religion.” After every arrival of recruits, 
from England, a fearful mortality prevailed at 
Bombay chiefly occasioned by their immoderate 
use of punch and toddy. 

Nor we are sorry to add, were these vicious 
propensities indulged only by men. A great 
many females on the island were far from exhi¬ 
biting the gentler virtues which usually adorn 
their sex ; but in this instance the Company 
themselves were to be blamed. Unhappily 
“ the gentlewomen ” as they still continued to 
be styled, had not learned before they left Eng¬ 
land to behave themselves. Some, however, 
married ; but a judicious observer, who visited 
the island was shocked to see how sickly their 
children were in consequence of the free and 
easy way in which the mothers lived and their 
inveterate habit of taking strong liquors . 

“ And whereas ” wrote the President and 
Council to the Court “ you give us notice that 
some women are grown scandalous to our na¬ 
tion, religion, and Govt, interest, we require 
you in the Honorable Company’s name to give 
them all fair warning that they do apply them¬ 
selves to a more sober and Christian conver¬ 
sation ; otherwise the sentence is this that 
they shall be confined totally of their liberty 
to go abroad and fed with bread and water, till 
they are embarqued on board ship for Eng¬ 
land.” 

The Directors did what they could and 
wrote thus “ The Governor, Deputy Governor, 
and Committees of the East India Company 
having been informed of the disorderly and 
unchristian conversation of some of their Fact¬ 
ors and servants in the parts of India, tending 
to the dishonor of God, the discredit of our Lord 
Jesus Christ and the shame and scandal of the 
English nation ” make certain regulations 
with a view to render “ the religion we profess 
amiable in the sight of those heathens among 
whom they reside.” , 

Small as were the number of Europeans 
taverns and grog shops were already establish¬ 
ed for them. We find from official papers that 
on the thirteenth of August 1694 John Wright 
applied for and gained permission to keep a 
tavern in Bombay. The prices of wines and 
spirituous liquors were then fixed by the 
Governor in Council. An instance of the 
minutiae to which legislation descended at 
that time is an order that “if any man 
comes into, a victually house to drink punch, 
he may demand one quart of Goa arak, 
half a pound of sugar and half a pint 

































238 


THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN. 


July 1 


of good lime water and make his own punch. 
And if the howl be not marked with the clerk 
of the market’s seal than the bowl may be 
freely broken without paying anything either 
for bowl or punch.” Cases of poisoning were 
said to be frequent. Liquor made in the country 
was drank by all classes of Englishmen ; some¬ 
times they were contented with arak manufac¬ 
tured at Surat or Bombay; but the best was 
brought from Goa or Bengal. The strongest 
sort was called by Englishmen “ Jagre” 
(jagree) and was I suppose a liquor distilled, 
like rum, from molasses. It was taken in 
drams and heated or made lukewarm by a hot 
Iron or wedge of gold dropped into it. A 
fondness for intoxicating spirits was carried 
even by superior minds to an astonishing 
degree of coarseness. 


MISS FRANCES RIDLEY HAVERGAL. 

As by “a chariot of fire,” so sudden, so un¬ 
expected has been the call, one of the most 
gifted of our Christian poets, and one of the 
movst devoted of the Master’s servants, has 
passed from earth, and entered “the palace of 
the King.” On Tuesday morning week, after 
a short illness, Frances .Ridley Havergal, who 
has recently resided at the Mumbles, Swansea, 
ct entered into the joy of her Lord.” She sank 
into “the everlasting arms ” in holy peace, 
her testimony to those around her, “How 
splendid to be so near the gates of heaven I ” 

So late as the 15th of May the writer received 
a leKer from her, in which, referring to a visit 
to the Mission-stations of the Irish Society, 
which she had planned with the view of writ¬ 
ing some papers urging the importance of the 
Society's work, she wrote :— 

“ My Irish tour begins (ixv.) June 4th or *5th. 
I told Mr. Fitzpatrick (the secretary) any soi t 
of cottage or farm accommodation would do 
for me, I didn’t mind roughing ; but my first 
invitation was a most kind letter from the 
Bishop of Cashel. So I begin by staying in a 
palace, instead of a cottage, which wasn’t at all 
my view. But I tell Mr. F. I must see the 
hedge-and-ditch work, for the sake of the So¬ 
ciety.” 

The letter is eminently characteristic; and 
as we read it, we seem to realize her presence 
now in a “ palace ” indeed. Seldom, if ever, 
have we met one whose whole life seemed so 
entirely consecrated to loving and joyful 
service. 

As a writer, Frances Ridley Havergal has en¬ 
deared herself to hundreds of thousands who 
regarded her as a spiritual friend, and called her 
blessed as a true minister of grace to them. 
The loss in this respect to the Church of Christ 
is not easily estimated. We can but be “ silent 
before God.” He In st knows vtWen and hotv 
to call his children home. Scarcely three 
months since, our friend placed in our hands 
the following lines, which seem almost an an¬ 
ticipation of her call to sudden glory 

“ Precious in the sight of the Lord is the 
death of His saints ” (Ps. cxvi. 15). 

“ Precious, precious to Jehovah is His ehil- 
dren’s holy sleep; 

He is with them in the passing through the 
waters cold and deep .- 

Everlasting love enfolds them softly, sweetly 
to His breast, 


Truly, “Blessed are the r dead which die in 
the Lord.”— Rev. C. Bullock in Hand and 

Heart. 


TELEGRAPHIC HEWS. 


Everlasting love receives them to His glory 
•>¥ and PI is rest.” • • 


Capetown, June 1 7th : The British troops have 
corn men ced an advance from Fort Pearson to Fort 
Chelmsford, and almost effected a junction with 
Colonel Wood’s column, which has again advanced. 

London, July 3 rd : In the House of Commons this 
evening, Sir Stafford Northcote, replying to a ques¬ 
tion, said the estimated expenditure of the Zulu 


War was £500,000 monthly.—At a meeting of the 
creditors of Messrs. Smith, Fleming & Co. to-day, 
it was unanimously carried that a first and final 
dividend of 2s. Id. be declared.—The English har¬ 
vest prospects are unfavourable, the wheat crop 
being partially damaged by excessive rains. 

4Jh : Lieutenant Carey, who accompanied the 
Prince Imperial on his reconnoitring expedition, is 
to be tried by Court Martial. The body of the 
Prince Imperial has been embarked on board the 
Orontes.—Latest news from the Cape, dated Cape 
Town, June 15, states that messengers from King 
Cefcywayo have arrived at the British Headquarters. 

It is rumoured that a fortnight’s armistice has been 
granted General blew digate with bis force has 
cleared the country betweon the Ityotyazi and 
Upoko rivers of the enemy. 

5 th : In the House of Lords Earl Cadogan (Un¬ 
der Secretary for the Colonies) replying to a ques¬ 
tion said t a despach had been received from General 
Lord Chelmsford, dated Cape town 6th June, in 
which he proposes the following peace conditions, 
viz that Cetewayo shall send in to the British 
Camp the two guns and oxen captured from us at 
Isandula with his Ambassadors, and that he shall 
give a promise to surrender all the arms captured 
since the war began, and furthermore that a Zulu 
regiment shall come in to the British Camp and bo 
disarmed as a token of his submission. Pending 
the receipt of a reply from the Horne Government 
to these proposed conditions no further military 
operations will he undertaken. The House of Com¬ 
mons have agreed, without a divison, to a motion 
for an address to the Crown for a Koval Commission 
on the distress prevailing in the agricultural dis¬ 
tricts of England. The Sutro tunnel for draining 
the Comstock Silver Mine in Nevada has been com¬ 
pleted. 

6th : The funeral of Lord Lawrence yesterday at 
Westminister Abbey was very impressive. Her 
Majesty the Queen sent a representative. The pall 
bearers were : Sir Stafford Northcote, Lord North¬ 
brook, Earl of Shaftesbury, Lord Napier of Magdala, 
Sir TV*. Muir, Sir Henry Norman, Sir Robert Mont¬ 
gomery and Sir Arthur Lecher. There was also 
present at large concourse of notables. 

7th: The rumour received in the Capetown 
advices of 15th June, that a fortnight’s armistice 
had been granted, is not confirmed.—The Army 
Discipline Bill is making slow progress in the Com¬ 
mons, and has met with great opposition from the 
Irish members, especially as regards the clauses 
relating to flogging. A most uproarious special sit¬ 
ting of ten hours’ duration was held on Saturday 
when Colonel Stanley (Secretary for War) announced 
that the whole question was being reconsidered. 
—The Lords have negatived without a division a 
resolution brought forward by Lord Stanley of 
Aldeiiey, referring to the Judicial Committee of 
the Privy Council all cases of disputed succession 
not involving preponderating political considera¬ 
tions or criminal elements,—Advices from Central 
Asia state that the Russian General Lazaroff has 
succeeded in diverting the river At trek to its 
original outlet near Tchikislar, a ’Russian military 
post in the south-east corner of the Caspian.—In 
the House of Commons last night Mr. Stanhope, 
Under-Secretary for India, in reply to a question, 
said the terms of the redemption of the 5 per cent, 
loan will be issued at the end of the year. The 

4' 

conditions will depend on the state of the Money 
Market. He also said that it was in contemplation 
by the Government to issue per oent. stock with 
the option to holders of 5 per cent, of conversion of 
the debt.—In the House of Commons this evening 
Colonel Stanley (Secretary for War) announced 
that it had been decided to confine flogging in the 
army to offences punishable 'with death, thus 
virtually abolishing flogging altogether. 

St+ Petersburg, 7th : Incendiary fires in different 
.parts of Russia have again commenced. The city 
of Irkutsh has been partially destroyed by incen¬ 
diarism. 

London , Sf7i: Another long and animated debate 
took place in the House of Commons last night 
relating to flogging in the Army, and resulting 
eventually in a split in the Liberal party. The 
Extreme Liberals urged the total abolition of flogg¬ 
ing, Mr. Chamberlain (junior member for Birm¬ 
ingham) accused the British Government of a 
breach of faith. The Marquis of Bar ting ton both 
disagreed with, and disavowed the remarks that 
fell from, Mr. Chamberlain. A notification appears 
in to-day’s Gazette that the redemption of 5 per 
cent. India stock will be made on the 5th July, 1880. 
Consols to-day closed at 98* 


Berlin, Sth : The Ministerial decree of Prin ce 
Bismarck’s, relating to the increased import duti es 
on tea and coffee, is to be applied immediately. 

London3th : The House of Commons have carried 
by 76 against 56 votes a motion against the Govern¬ 
ment for the appointment to the Cabinet of a 


Minister for Commerce and Agriculture. 


PASSENGERS SAILED. 

Per P. and O. Sfcr. Llindosfan, 11th : 

For South,-iniptou.—Mrs Grolg, S-nrg-Major and Mrs-W J 
Bnstoed, Mrs H Junes, Col W J Williams, Col HL C and Mi* 
Bernard r Mrs Young, Hr and Mrs Hay & 7 cihihlten. Mr and 
Mrs Lewis*, Major N H A Gordon, Major P £ Hid, Mis* 
Gresley, Lieut R L B Carter, Col J R Swindley, LR-ut C F 
Grantham, Col G A Brown, Mr Bullock. Lieut- A Dray soil, 
Mr Wm J’Fo-rbes, Mr E Hill, Mr Henry Bentley, Mr Daniel 
Endicott, Mr B Baxter, Capt Tilly, Capt Fawkes Mr J 
Gwen, Mr R H Chcetham, Lieut C M Gray, Lieut Lindsay, 
and Mr J E T unber. 

Fui* Brindisi—Col and Mrs Bonus, Mr G Douglas, Rev A 
G Lewis, Mr Cecil Taylor, The Viscount Molgtmd, Col P 
Brown!ow. Sm-g*Major W H Harris MI) Mr W' Fletcher, A 
Gentleman, The Hon’ble .Id Napier, Mrs Tytier, Mr J J 
Macfie, Major H R C 'nelly, Mr (J H Roberts, Major H F 
Blair, and Col Upnorton. 

For Venice. —Mr and Mrs P* ttlgan and 3>’ children. Mr 
and Lady Anne Blunt, Mr H John, Lieut and Mrs Thackwelb 
Mr J Schroder, Mr Drumm 01 i. and Mr Porteons. 

For Aden,—Atxloolab and son. 


PASSENGERS ARRIVED. 

Per P. and O. Str. Thibet, 8th t 

From Southampton.—Mr and Mrs Scott and infant, Mr 
and. Mrs R Young, Store Sgt H Staff,.ami Band Master $ 
KingJ^' 

Prom Brindisi.—Lt Genl Sir MichadKavauagh, Kciinedyy 
KO S I, R >y Eng:, Col Reid, Mrs Clubloy, Mrs Janies Piiiilipe> 
Mr W A Carbo y, Mr T award, and Mr Stewarr. 

From Venice.—Mr and Mrs Arthur Lloyd Clay and Miss 
Bird 

From Suez—(ex Mat seilles)—Mr and Mrs G P Johnstone,. 


game.ota* (Dccuvvcncc^. 


DEATH SI 

Edwards—J une 26th, at Calcutta, Gcorgey the sots 
of Rev. J. Edwards, aged 10* months. 

Wixckleb. —June 27th, at Yizagapatam, A- M. Elvgi 
Eileen, fourth daughter of J. E, Wincklei> Port 
Officer, aged 2 months. 

Taylor —July 1st, at Gondal, Kattywar,. George 
Taylor. C. E, 

Lyons —July 2nd, at Coimbatore, Fredrick Lindsayv 
the beloved son of Mr. J. L Parnell Lyons, of 
Bombay, aged 7 years and b months. 

Turner—J uly 6th, at Bomba} 7 , Harry Blois Turn¬ 
er, Accountant P. TV. Department,, son of the 
late Major William Turner.. 


“ BOMBAY GUARDIAN.” 

Subscriptions received from 5th to 1 2th 

July 187a 

Mrs. E. Barton, 31sfc July 1879, Rs. 1-8 ; 
Rev. Appaji Bapuji, 30th Nov. 1877, Rs. 2 - y 
J. A. L. Pereira, 24th July 1879, Rs, 1 ; Weil 
O’L eary. 30th June 1879, Rs. 7-8; Rev. Jared 
W. Sc udder M. D., 1st June 1880, Rs. 7-10 ; 
Wm. Ashdown, 30th April 1880, Rs. 7-10 y 
Mrs. R. \\ r . Hunter, 31st Dec. 1879, Rs. 9-4 
J. D Wilson, 31st Dec. 1879, Rs. 3-13 ; J* 
Jones for Postage^ 5th July 1879, As. 3 ; Wm. 
Carroll, 7th Nov. 1879, Rs. 3 ; Edward Browne, 
15th July 1879, Rs-. 1 ; Elij.ah Samson, 31st 
July 1879, Rs. 1 ; Sub-Conductor H. Duke* 
31sb August 1879, Rs. 1-5 ; H. Todrnan* 14th 
August 1879, Rs. 1. 



NOW READY, 

THE INDIA METHODIST 

WATCHMAN. 

For Specimen Copies, Address^' 
Publisher, I. M. WATCHMAN, 

Secunderabad, or Yepenq Madras* 






































































1. 

{ 

July 12. 


THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN. 


239 


DR. PEABODY, 


HOUSE OF HOPE. 


OFFICE 17 MEADOW ST. FORT. 


BOMBAY EDUCATION SOCIETY. 

Byculla Schools. Day*scholars are received 
on payment of # fees varying from Rs. 1 to 5 a 
Hionth according to the Standard. Half fees 
for second and all other children of the same 
family, Standards 18 in the Boy’s School, 1-5 
in the Grirls School. Apply to the Head Master 
or Lady Superintendent. 

Byculla, 3rd Sept. 

GRATEFUL—COMFORTING 

EPPS’S COCOA. 


This Home (now in Falkland Road 
near the bridge,) is supported by public 
contributions. It is in need of funds. 
Address Miss Matilda Miles, Supdt. House 
of Hope, or Mrs. Alice Firth, Secretary, 50 
Grant Road. 


METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

Public Services as follows : on Sundays, at Falk¬ 
land Hall (back of Graut Hoad Theatre) 8 a. m. and 
6 p. m. and at Dean . Hall, Fort (back of Old 
Secretariat), and at Nabab’s Tank Lane, Mazagon, 
at 11 A. M. and 6 v. M. Also at each place, on Mon¬ 
days and Thursdays at 7-30 p. m. English speaking 
natives are cordially invited. S. School, Falkland 
Road, 7 a. if. At the otherplaces, 9-30 a. xn. 


BREAKFAST 

“ By a thorough knowledge of the na¬ 
tural laws which govern the operations of 
digestion and nutrition, and by a careful 
application of the fine properties of well- 
selected cocoa, Mr. Epps has provided 
our breakfast tables with a delicately 
flavoured beverage which may save us 
many heavy doctors bills. It is by the 
judicious use of such articles of diet, that 
a constitution may be gradually built up 
until strong enough to resist every tend¬ 
ency to disease. Hundreds of subtle 
maladies are floating around us ready to 
attack wherever there is a weak point. 
We may escape many a fatal shaft by 
keeping ourselves well fortified with pure 
blood and a properly nourished frame.” 

*—See article in the Civil Service Gazette . 

Made simply with boiling water or milk. 

Sold only in Packets labelled 

JAMES EPPS & (XL 

HOMOEOPATHIC CHEMISTS, 

LONDON. 


A NEVER-FAILING REMEDY 

FOR LIVER COMPLAINTS. 

OR SCOTT'S BILIOUS AND LIVER PILLS. 

P REPARED without any mercurial ingredient 
Invaluable to all who suffer from Bilious and 
Livor Complaints, Indigestion, Wind, Spasms, Ner¬ 
vous Depression, Latitude, Lowness of Spirits 
with sensation of fulness at the pit of the Stomach, 
Giddiness, Dizziness sensation of the Eyes, and many 
pther symptoms.. For habitual Costiyeness, as a 
family aperient medicine, and as a purifier of the 
•Vlood they are unequalled; mild in operation, and 
grateful to-the stomach; create appetite, promote 
digestion, and strengthen the whole nervous eys 
item. 

■(Prepared only by W. LAMBERT, I a, Vere Street, 
London, W-, England. In bottles, Is. J£d, Sold by 
&11 Chemists. 

IMPORTANT CAUTION.—Be sure to ask for 
,Dr. Scott's Bilious and Liver Pills. 1 * If you ask 
for “ Scott’s Pills,” you will get quite a different 
medicine; If you ask for “ Bilious and Liver Pills,” 
yon will get a spurious compound. The genuine 
are in a square green package, and must have the 
name and address “ WILLIAM LAMBERT, 8, KING 
WILLIAM STREET, CHARING CROSS,” engrav¬ 
ed on the Government Stamp. 

Do not be persuaded to try .any other medicine. 
Wholesale Agents for INDIA, Messrs. TREA- 
jCITER & Co.,Limited, Bombay, Byculla, and Poona, 
JLik—The Tr.ade.supplied on pa os t libera] terms. 


WANTED, 

Matron for Girls 5 Orphanage. Satisfac¬ 
tory references required as to Piety and 
managing ability. For salary and other 
particulars apply to. 

Rev. GEO. T. REA. 

Mission House, 

Surat. 


BOMBAY AUXILIARY BIBLE SOCIETY. 

Pulpit, Family, and School Bibles in Eng¬ 
lish, with marginal references and maps, 
hound in morocco, calf, sheep, and cloth, 
circuit, prices varying from Rs. 18 to 
annas 4 : also Bibles in the Vernacular and 
/ other European languages on sale at the 
/Bible Society’s Depot, Bombay. 

POONA SCHOOL.. 

. The next term of the school opened in 
Poona under the auspices of the South 
India Conference for scholars of all grades 
up to matriculation will begin on the 6th 
of January 1879. 

A good and convenient home lias been 
provided for girls and smaller boys by 
Mrs. Miles, and a similar one is provided 
for boys only by Mrs. Robbins. 

* • . * i m m • * t * * | * -« « « i 

TERMS ONE MONTH IN ADVANCE AS 

FOLLOWS: 

Rs. 

For boarding, lodging and washing 25 

„ two from the same family „ 45 

„ Tuition from Rs. 3 to „ 5 

„ Piano, extra, „ 5 

Vocal music taught free. 

For fuither particulars adderss the prin¬ 
cipal, 

Rev. W. E. Robbins, M.A., 

East Street, 

/ j 

Poona. 

jsistance fr 

IS INFANT BAPTISM UNWARRANTED? 

BT GEO. BOWEN. 

Price two annas. One rupee a dozen. 

Address Editor Bombay Guardian . 


SARSAPARILLA- 


WILKINSON’S ESSENCE OR FLUID EXTRACT OF 


RED JAMAICA «ARSAPARILLA 

IS THE ONLY PREPARATION RECOGNISED BY 
THE FACULTY AS A WONDERFUL PURIFIER 
OF THE HUMAN BLOOD. 


It is not too much to say that those suffering 
from the effects of TROPICAL CLIMATES, such as 
TORPID LIVEK DEBILITY, ATTENUATION OF 
BODY ERUPTIONS, LASSITUDE, &c., will, by 
taking this extraordinary ESSENCE OF RED JA¬ 
MAICA SARSAPARILLA soon find, relief and 
ultimately a cure. It is asserted by those who take 
a little daily (iu accoi’dance with the instructions 
given ), the system becomes less liable to attacks 
of illness 

u We cannot speak too highly of it.” Lancet* 

11 We recommend your Red Jamaica Sarsaparih*.” 
—Medical Review- 

“ The only preparation for removing wh*,t may be 
called the sequelae of a mercurial eourse.”—/?. 
Martin- 

“ The late Lord Clyde, writing for a further sup¬ 
ply of Wilkinson's Sarsaparilla 7 says, u I am never 
without it, for when feeling depressed or out of 
sorts from anxiety to fatigue, a dose or two animates 
me.” 

u Your Essence of Red Jamaica Sarsaparilla cured 
me a Torpid Liver after all other remedies failed.” 
Earl A Idborough- 


TBBPAEED ONLY BY 


Thomas Wilkinson, 270, Regent. Street, London. 


Sold in quarter, half, and pint bottles. 

CAUTION.—Many spurious, worthless, and 
injurious preparations are offered to the Public. 8ee 
that both bottle and label have the Name and Ad¬ 
dress, also Trade Mark—W. in a Diamond. 


WILKINSON’S 


;BKONCHIO-THORACIC LOZENGES. 


A10MATIO TINOTUEE OF QUINOIDINE. 


WHITMORE’S 

COMPOUND LINIMENT OF ARNICA. 

STOMACHIC DINNER PILLS- 

PREPARED ONLY BY 

THOS- WILKINSON, 270, Regent St., London. 
TREACHER & Co., BOMBAY, BYCULLA, 

POONA &c. 

and all respectable Firms in India. 











































\ 


240 


THE BOMBAY GUARDIAN. 


July 12. 



WELL WORTHY OF NOTICE AS A 
CERTAIN CURE 

For Bilious and Liver Complaints, Indigestion, 
Wind, Spasms, Foul Breatk Nervous Depression, 
Irritability, Lassitude, Loss of Appetite, Dyspepsia, 
Heartburn; 8our Eructations, Lowness of Spirits 
with sensation of fullness at the pit of the Stomach, 
Giddiness, Dizziness of the Eyes Ac., 

DR. SCOTT’S BILIOUS & LIVER 

PILLS 

STAND UNRIVALLED. 

As a General Family Aperient Medicine they have 
no equal, being mild in their operation, and grateful 
to the Stomach, they give a healthy tone and vigour 
to the differ ent secretions, causing the necessary or 
gans of the Stomach and Liver to resume their 
activity, thus restoring the appetite, promoting 
digestion, and strengthening the whole system. 

They can be taken at any time without trestrain 
from business or pleasure, hence they are a most 
valuable domestic medicine. Heads of households 
should always have a box of these Fills by them, 
to resort to on any slight occasion of ailing on the 
part of those under their charge, as by paying 
attention to the regular action of the Stomach. 
Liver, and Bowels, many a severe illness is. avoided 
or mitigated. They will be found in slight cases 
by a single dose to restore health to the body, with 
a happy frame of mind. 

Prepared only by W. Lambert, La, Vere Street, 
London,W., England. In Bottles ONLY, Is- ljd- 
and 2s. 9d. Sold by all Chemists. 

IMPORTANT CAUTION —Be sure to ask for 
“ Dr. Scott’s Bilious and- Liver Pills,” in a green 
bottle, wrapped in green paper, and having the 
name and address. 

WILLIAM LAMBERT, 

8, King William Street, Charing Cross, 

Engraved on the Government Stamp- Do not, 
therefore, purchase with out seeing the Government 
Stamp over the cork of the bottle. 


HOME. FOR PUPILS. . : 

■ Tiie home lately established in Poona for 
children, whose parents are desirous of send¬ 
ing to any of the public schools at that station, 
has still accommodation for a few more board¬ 
ers. 

For particulars as to- terms,, limit of age Ac., 
please apply to Mrs. G. Miles No. 24 Staveley 
Road Poona. 


BOMBAY SCOTTISH EDUCATION 

SOCIETY,. 

BYCLLLA SCHOOL —PareIl Road. 

Send'Master—M r. James MgDg^aid. | nru * - . , . 

Head Mistress-Mss. M«Dokald, | Wlth As ** tant »- 

FORT SCHOOL —Hum mum Street. 

Head Ma-ster—Ma. A. D. Smratojt, ) 

Head Mistier—11 b s. &meat©s, j Witn-A. submits 

Music Master—M r. Josefh Sc muck. 

r . I . _ . ^ \ ± g ’ . ' ~ . I 

French Master — Signor Pedraza. 

It. JEFF HEY. I- 

l). MACPHERSON. j Honorary Secretaries. 

Borders (Boys aiid Girls) are received by Mr. and Airs 
McDonald, and by Mr. and Mrs. Siuoaton. 

Bombay, January, 1879. 


To Commence with Jult IS79 

THE INDIAN METHODIST. 

Monthly 16 pages of 10; foj 7| inches Rs. 2 per year 

postpaid. Three, Ms. 5 - 8 . 

Address Publisher Indian. Methodist, Vepery 

Madras* 


BOMBAY TRACT AND BOOK SOCIETY. 

Rs. A. P. 

Joseph Cook’s Boston Monday Lec¬ 
tures . 0 15 0 

The Approaching End of the Age— 

Gunines—2nd edit... 4 11 0 

Dale on the Atonement—Cheap edit. 4 11 0 

Pointed Papers, by Theodore Cuyler 2 13 0 
Scripture and Science not. at Vari¬ 
ance—Pratt ... 2 3 0 

Memoirs of Norman MacLeod, 2 vols. 16 4 0 

Whiston’s Josephus .. 2 3 0 & 3 2 0 

History of Free Church Missions in 

India and Africa—Hunter_... 2 3 0 

God’s Word through Preaching— 

Jno : Hall... 2 3 0 

Our Cofee Room ..... 1 9 0 

More about Our Cofee Room. 19 0 

Our Father’s Business—Guthrie. 2 3 0 

Out of Harness. —do— ... 2 3 0 

The Parables .... —do— ... 2 3 0 

Way to Life . —do— ... 2 3 0 

The Gospel in Ezekiel —do— .... 2 3 0 

Man and the Gospel ... —do— .... 2 3 0 

Remarkable answers to Prayer . 2 3 0 

Plain AVords on Christian Living— 

Vaughan ... 1 9 0 

The Anchor of the Soul—Arnot— ... 3 2 0 

Laws from Heaven for 

Life on Earth..... —do— ... 4 11 0 

The Church in the House—do— ... 4 11 0 

Sure Mercies of David—A. Ship- 

ton— . 1 9' 0 & 2 13 0 

Life of Faith . —Saphir— ... 1 9 0 

Hidden Life. The —do— ... 3 2 0 

The Lord’s Prayer —do— ... 3 2 0 

Christ Crucified... —do— ... 2 3 0 

Talmage’s Sermons Fourth Series... 14 0 
■—do— Fifth —do— ... 2 3 0 
Crumbs Swept up—Talmage— . 1 9 0 


PAUL THE CHRISTIAN’S'PATTERN.. 

BY GUO. BOWEN.. 

Printed and published (with consent 
of the author) by Rev. Vishnu Bhaskar.. 
Now. ready. Bound in, cloth, embossed: 
and gilt. The price 8- Annas a copy,, 
and 1 Anna Postage. When many copies’ 
are taken a discount will.be allowed,. 
Anglo-Vernacular Press, 35 Tank. Street-,. 
New Nagpada, Bombay. 



Light in the Dwelling, by the Author 

of “ Peep of Day” &c .. 5 0 0 

A Mounted Chromo (designed by the- 
Baroness Helga Von Gramm), 1 
in memory of the PRINCESS i 

ALICE. With a Likeness. Lines- ' 

by Frances, Ridley Havergal ... 3 12 0 

FCR SUNDAY SCHOOL TEACHERS. 

Steps to Truth, or First course of 

teaching—Stock— .. 19 0 

Lessons on the Life of Our Lord— 

Stock— 2. vols- ... 3 2 0 

Hints and Helps to Teachers and 

Parents—Green— ._ 2. 7 0 

Lectures to Teachers .. 0 : 15 0 

More Light—Flint—..0 15 0 

My Class for Jesus..'_... 1 4 0 

The Teacher’s model—Groser—_ 0 10 0 

The Teacher’s Bible—Circuit ed¬ 
ges.;.. 9 I 0 4 9 11 0 

Sunday School Reward tickets, 

Banners, Wall Texts,. Ac. Ac.—a 
great variety. 

SERVICES OF : SONG. v 
Pilgrim’s .Progress; H.oly War; 

Christiana; Woman of Samaria; 

Solomon .......each. 0 3 6 

Voyage of Life; Children’s Messiah; 

Joseph ; Samuel; Moses; David; 

Daniel; St. Paul; Luther..!, each 0 2 6 
Cruden’s Concordance. 2 0 0; 3 2:0 ; 5 0 0 

Hodge on Romans ..1 11 0 

Commentary (from Henry A Scott) 

6 vols.. 6 12 0 

Bible Atlas and Gazetteer. 2 13 0 

Harmony of the Gospels—Robin¬ 
son.A.. 0 13 £ & I 11 0 

Barr’s Bible Reader’s Assistant . 1 9 0 

Bible Student’s Life of Our Lord ... 2 3 0 

Eadie r s Bible Cyclopaedia... 4 4 0 A 6 0 0 

TRACTS—In ENGLISH and FOREIGN 
EUPtOPEAN languages, MARATHI, GUZE- 
RATH I, HINDER, and URDU-—Catalogue to 
be had on application. 

All orders to be addressed to 

The Superintendent 
Tract and Book Society, 

Bombay. 


THE LAMB, KNITTING MACHINES’^ 
AND THE. TUTTLE- MACHINES. 

For Knitting HosieryCaps and doingr 
Fancy Work, Also 

ZUCCATOMS' PAPTROGRAPm 

' ‘ y.- .! ; • l 

For Press-copy work—a process at once^ 
simple and effective for taking fac simile? 
impressions any extent of one originall 
copy. 

The* above are being nsed extensively 
throughout America and Europe. 

Apply for particulars to the ^enepalAgenM 
for India, 

EL BALLANTTNE, 
of EWART LATHAM A Co*. 

Bombay,. 






PRICE ’ REDUCED TO* Rs. 6.. 

Terms of Subscription r Rs. 6 "per annum ; with 
Indian Postage,. Rs. 7-10 ; with Postage to Eng¬ 
land, Rs. 9^4-0, For smaller periods in proportion. 
Payable in advance (quarterly where more con¬ 
venient.) All business letters should he addressed' 
to Rev. Vishnu Bhasker, at the Anglo-Vernacular- 
Press, No. 35, Tank Bt., New Nagpada y Bombay. Let¬ 
ters for the Editor may be' addressed to him At 
the above'-meatinned Press.. 

P. S-. Parties who find it more convenient to pay 
monthly, will pay Half a Rupee at the beginning of 
each month. In Bomb ay,, a peon with subscription- 
book wrll call statedly. _ ^ " 


Terms of Advertising: For 8 lines and under*. 
Rs. 1-8 ; repetition, As. 12 ; for 30 ! lines and un¬ 
der, Rs. 3‘; repetition,. R?s. 1-8 - for 5(h lines and 
under, Rs. 4; repetition, Rs. 2L 


Printed and Published for the Proprietor 
by Shi wham Shridhah Joshi, Printer at the* 
ANGLOVERNACULAE PRINTING PRESS,, 
No. 35, Tank Street, New Nagpada Bqm&ax