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| Registered in U. &: Patent Ofice 


“AN  eeeuobaenonad: DAILY _ NEWsP: F 


44 a 151 


1962 
1 


a 


vases aa 


‘BOSTON, 1 


‘Shift in Basic 
Held Essentiz 


| All-Out War * 


Not Likely 


By Joseph C. Harsch 


. Special Correspondent of 
* The Christian Science Monitor 


Washington 
7 ‘It is time, it seeni¢ to me, that 
we. seriously the proposi- 


Fol 


tion that the United States and. 


the iy ee of the western commu- 

4s laboring under the burden 
fy a military policy which is out 
of date; which does not accord 


_ either with our avowed natiorial 


- policy, or our obvious national in- 
° is preparing us in- 
adequately for the big war which 


* probably will never be fought un- 


legs Ave persist in wrong military 


- planning, and which is not pre-_ 


paring us for the kind of military 
_ problems we shail very probably 
be forced to face in the coming 
years. 

To state this proposition is not 
to agree with Senator Robert A. 
Taft (R) of Ohio that the mem- 
bers of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
have, as individuals, merited the 
loss of our confidence in them, or 
with Representative F. Eduard 
Hébert (D) of Louisiana that our 
armed services are either inordi- 
nately or unusually wasteful be- 
eause he has unearthed prewar 
purchases of 10,000 dozens of 
oyster forks by the Navy, or war- 
time purchases by the Army of 
toenail clippers for dogs. 


MacArthur Dismissal 


Senator Taft's “loss of conf- 
dence” was not directed against 
Military policy but against the 
wisdom of the joint chiefs in ap- 
proving the dismissal of- Gen. 
Dougles MacArthur. And Mr. 
Hebert is only carrying into a new 
area an old personal féud with 
Clayton Fritchey, Director of In- 


. formation of the Department of 


Defense, who had, as editor of the 
New Orleans [tém, once editori- 
ally opposed Mr. Hebert’s candi- 
dacy for a seat in the House. 

Such criticisms of military pol- 
icy are oblique or superficial: have 
no serious bearing on what is 
really wrong with our’ military 
program, and serve a useful pur- 
pose only as evidence of a gen- 
eral restlessness about military 
policy, a ‘yvestiessness deriving 
from an instinctive sense that 
something is wrong, but ‘not yet 
from careful examination of 
where or why it-is wrong. 


Flip of a Coin 
Something- of a case can be 
made out against the members of 


the Joint Chiefs of Staff. By offi- 
cial assertion, there have been 


distribution of defense funds 
among the servites literally have 
been settled py a flip of a coin. 
‘The JCS, as a planning institu- 
tion, is in need of an overhatling, 
as its own members recognize, It 


guides the three services only in. 


the general direction set by a 
wavering pdlicy and would not 
have the ability to impose a con- 
sistent sense of direction on the 
establishment even if its members 
possessed a clear and positive 
sense of direction, which they do 


not. : 
The real trouble goes higher 
_. than the JCS or the civilian heads 


‘of the defense establishment and 
resides basically in a failure of 
the administration itself at the 


nici 


What a aa N lois 


In a series of three articles, of 
which this is the first;, Mr. 
Harsch discusses a new. type. of 
American military force ta meet 
today’s needs, The author has 
long been fanviliar with all as-— 
peets of military development 
in Washington. 


‘ 


very top to accept the best: avail- 
able assessments of our national 
situation and national problems 
and then to translate those as- 
sessments into a military :policy 
tailored to the frealities of! today 
rather than to the discarded hy- 
potheses of yesterday, 

The purposes of this seties of 
articles is to try, to present in per- 
spective the discrepancies be- 
tween political reality and exist- 
ing military poli¢y and to demon- 


| mes ~o a 


> 


strate therefrom that a truly dan- 


gerous gap exists between the two 
which, if closed, could give us 
more effective ‘and, incidentally, 
less expensive Military power. | 

The story begins with. the cir- 
cumstances surrounding the ori- 
gins of existing military policy. if 
Was sired in the early weeks o 
the Korean war by fear out of 
disagreement over the meariing o 
the North Korean attack.’ Some 
counsellors of state argued that 
the Korean adventure represented 
the first deliberate move by Mos- 
cow in a plan'to seize strategic 
positions as a rer | ‘to the 
big war. § —~ 


Believed Midgaleulaticn | 

Others held that it represented 
a miscaleulation by Moscow of 
western reaction to an experi-+ 


mental effort to settle by arm 
one of the several territorial 
problems existing around the cir+ 
cumference of the Russian realm, 
The weight of opinion at the time 
lay on the side'of the second hy; 
pothesis. Those holding tp thig 
view included the top Russian ex+ 
perts of the State Department, 
George F.| Kennan and Charles 
Bohlen. Their views never wer¢ 
rejected; nor, however, were they 
‘accepted as the sound basis of 
policy: In fact, Mr. Kennan was 
allowed to retire to’ Princeton 
University) and) Mr: Bohlen was 
sent temporarily to Paris. | 

Out of eed indecision, | there 
developed | compromise, pro+ 
gram. Satiied, of rearming specifi- 
eally to deal wit the rr war 


i ‘ 
“~- eee oe 


jlitary. Policy 
to U 


1 


5. Safety 


Cc ompromise | 


Program Hit 


Protestants 
Eye Role In 


By Laura Haddock 


Stef Correspondent of . 
The Christion Science Montiar 


anid the possibility of other im. | | 
ited wars, or of rearming against || 


ve presumed certainty of the big | 
ir, the policy makers decided 
to} ‘attempt at one and the same 
tithe to do part of both: but not 
alk of either. We began building 
a field army for Korean service | 


andl at the same time began lay- | 


the industrial base for a full; | 


against Soviet Russia. 


te 
t is not surprising that a com- |; 
; _ . holding its sessions concurrently | 


promise was struck at the time. 
Failure to prepare in part for a 
bid war would have exposed the | 
administration to the frightened | 
criticism of all who assumed at 
the time that the big war was 
coming. Failure to. try to meet the | 


challenge in Korea would have | 


jeqpardized the confidence of our 
allies in our willingness to face | 
up; to the challenge of arms. But | 
the domestic politica] necessity | 


existing in 1950 for compromise is | 


no:reason why our military policy | 
of itoday should continue to re- 
fiect an indecision which has been | 
outdated by subsequent reassess- | 
ments of the political situation. 


Shift in Objective 

Least of all is it a reason to con- 
tinue to half prepare for the par- | 
ticular kind of big war which |; 


ceased to be conceivable from the | 
moment the Russian aircraft in- | 
dustry produced quantities’ of the | 
MIG-15 jet fighter able to claw 
from. the skies the big American | 


bombers of the B-29, B-36, and) © 


B-52 types. ! 
At present, doubt about the 
wisdom of present military policy 
is beginning to filter through the 
Pentagon and questions are being 
asked .and examined. Some 
changes are being considered. Yet, 
actual military planning and pro- | 
grammi ng still is based on the old | 
compromise between the theory 
that we are in the preliminary 
stage of the big war and the con- 
trdry theory that, as Winston 
Churchill stated at Fulton, Mo., 
in /1946, “the Rugsians are inter- 
ested not in war, but in the spoils 
of|war,” and that, therefore, our 
political -and military planning 
should be directed at depriving 
Moscow of “the! spoils of war,” 
rather than at preparing for the 
big war which the Russians may | 
very well have no intention of | 
fighting, if they can avoid it. 


"Parbul Baris Antarctic Move 


By ce Special Correspander f "7 The bs ristian Science Monitor 


ns when issues involving - 


Buenos Aires 


There ts th be a pragressive dcoebdins eccupation of the 
Antarctic, President Peron said when he formally received a 


report by Gen, Herman Pujato, wh 


dition to the! Far South, 
By the Antarctic, President 


islands, whie 
been establishing new 
_ of the Peronigta regime. 


Britain protests that this js “trespassing.” 


led a recent military expe- 


Pe iron means the Argentine- 


claimed zone, including the British flependencies of the Falkland 
h this country refuses to recognize. Argentina has 
bases in the area almost every year 


There Was an 


“over heads” shooting incident in Hppe Bay, Graham Land, early 
last February,-when the British were reviving an old base near 
one newly established by Argentina. 

Speaking before high-ranking army officers, President Perén 


said that Argentine rights were not to be discussed, but defended, 
“The way of defending these in ‘the present case,” he added, 


“is te occupy the argentine Astarenie in ‘secordance with a pro- 


gressive plan.” 


7 


oe | 


i eeeeteeel oe 


ake 
7 — 


~ 


— 


State of Tee Nation 


Congress” Ban. on Radio-TV_ Poses Quiz 


By ROSCOE DRUMMOND, Chief, Washington 9 jews Barges af The Christian Science Monitor 


Washington 


The time cannot be far away 
when. Congress will see that 
radio and television are here 
to stay—just. as much as the 
spinning jenny-and the horse- 
less buggy. 

For some reason the kind of 
radio and TV coverage which 
could put the work of congres- 
sional committees on view in 
millions of homes seems about 
as welcome itd the senior 
leaders of Capitol Hill as 
J. Edgar Hoover would be at a 
Communist rally. 

At the moment the attitude 
toward these modern devices 
which would photograph and 
record congressional hearings 
—either for instant or later 
use on radio and TV—is very 
much: “Let’s close our eyes 
and maybe they'll go away.” 

Representative Sam _ Ray- 
burn (D) of Texas, Speaker of 
the House of Representatives. 
has ruled that there shall be 
no televising of any House 
committee hearings—and the 
House committees are not free 
to decide otherwise. 

Senator. Pat McCarran (D) 
of Nevada wants the Senate to 
go even further. He has just 
introduced an amendment to 
the Senate rules which would 


completely forbid: any televis- 


ing, any radio recording, any 
photographing of any Senate 
committee proceeding. (He 
doesn’t even want still photo- 


. graphs made available for use 


on the television screen.) 
eae ep 


Why? 

Reasons are given, but I am 
not certain they are the real 
reasons the senior congressmen 
are sO. Wary of, radio and tele- 
vision, 

‘The given teasons are: 

That -radio recording and 


televising eu da congressional | 


b 


hearings would or are likely 
to violate the rights of indiv id+ 
ual witnesses, 

That radio) | and TV might 
impair the ecorum of the 
comnmnttee prog¢eedings. 

That such | @overage would 
likely be fragmentary and 
one-sided, | 

These are the reason$ for’ 
mally advanced for holding 
radio and TV at a (distance, 
They ‘are {Hemselves | very 
arguable. | | | 

For example, Congress does 
not leave it to the | indi+ 
vidual witnesses to determine 
whether or Mot its hearings 
will be open to the public and 
to the press. The comniittees 
make that decision. But im 
arguing that! the interests of 
witnesses rule out radio and 
television coverage congress 
men are perniitting thege in+ 
terests to determine that even 
when the pres§ may cover the 
hearings,) the’ newer  igstru- 
ments of journalism—audible 
and visual spurnalism-—may 
not. 
| When the hearings are pub 
lie, why should’ t every imstru- 
ment of ¢ommunication be al 
lowable to make the he@rings 
as fully public: as possiblé? | 

It is contendéd that radio ang 
TV coverage’ may be ‘fragt 
mentary and jone-sided, but no 
evidence has by 

is true, As a 


this whole argu+ ' 


} assumption. If 
the congressmen think radio © 
and TV havé been one-sided, 
why ene y offer ea a 
to prove point? | 

Phe Chica ¢ Bar Association 
inquir 
cenc 
PnCe. 


our notion 

into a man’ 
before ain pnal audi 
But there € many col 
sional heari which afe no 


er 


not | ; 


s a 
cueeemegne ne ee 
epee tioenan e 


iriquiries into a man’s guilt or | 
innocence, and the proposed | 
radio| and TV. ban permits) 
no  jdiscretion 
Furthermore, there Has been 
np controlling court decision | 
which establishes the conten+ 
tion that radio recording and 
télevising of 
hearings do violate the rights | 
of witnesses. 
ee SERS 

i THe teleyising of the United 
Nations Sécurity Council has 
not {proved discommoding or 
undignified and has been ja 
valuable means of increasing 
public interest and knowledge 
of its work. 

| Senator Estes ‘Kefauver, 
whbse ¢rime - investigating 
eommittee used television | to 
constructive purpose,-—does not 
accept any of these arguments 
as valid. “The Senate,” he says, 
“must maintain decorum, but 


vision differently from other | 
means of communication.” 

It is certainly eiaieet eddie 
that under somé conditions, in 
same particular kinds of hear- 


itygs, witnesses would. find their | 


rights. adversely affected . by 
télevision . coverage. But to 
make this contention the basis | 
for a meat-ax banning “ 
radio and TV coverage of all 


n presented to . congressional hearings suggests | | 


at there are some congres- 
gional leaders who are more 
interested in shielding | their 
tics from the public in 
eeping, so far as 

ese hearings in the a 
| one of a private clu 
tendre intended — t 


king Congress into the homes | 


the voters. ) 
| Maybe it is not the witnesses 


hom Congress is trying to: 


rotect—but the con 
4 sana at 


A AE RE A Ne a a i ay | ’ 


whatsoever, | 


congressional 


Wercester, Mass. 
To wees extent and 


ganizations should pursue action 


meeting 
auspices of 
Cou neil of 


interchurch convention 
ihere under the 
‘the Massachusetts 
| Churches, 

The New England annual con- 
ference of the Methodist Church, 


(with the. interchurch meetjngs, 
| plunged headforemost' into a dis- 
cussion today of such contro- 
‘\versial issues as civil liberties, 
| the repea}] of the McCarran Act, 


the indiscriminate labeling of per- | 


sons as Communists or subver- 
'sives, the fallacy of attempting 
ito halt communism by military 
strength alone, and the soundness 
of the American public school 
| systen). 

At the same time, the Rev. 
Albert Buckner Coe, president of 
the Massachusetts Congregational | 
| Conference, 
'meeting of: that group that his 
| own church was under attack for 
| its concept of social action. 

He said that a group of Con- 
| gregationalists, especially from 
|California, Minnesota, and Néw 
| York, inclined to be rightist in 
thelr sentiments on world afteirs, 


| were accusing the Congregational | 


| Church’s Council on Social ActiOn 
‘of being communistic, 


‘Lobbying Opposed 


“They object to our lobbying 
‘ih Congress, for instance,” 

Rev. Dr. Coe observed. “Now, 
i\believe firmly in obeying 
\laws, and the law requires 
is 


man registered as a lobbyist. 


| But it is by no means true that! 


there is anything communistic 


| about the council, and I see noth- | 


‘ing so very wrong in lobbying as 
' such, 


“I am sorry to say that these! 


; people, who I am sure dre wholly 
sincere even though completely 
mistaken, apparently have plenty 


of money behind them, They have | 


‘already issued a well-printed 
pamphiet, and Iam quite sure 
ithey will be sending out others 
in the future. It is my hope that 
| we can reach our people with the | 
/tyuth before that happens.” 

‘At a press conference, Bishop 
| John Wesiey Lord, resident of the 
| Methodist Church in Boston, said, 
“J do not feel we go far enough 
when we merely say the accusa- 
tions. against our. sotial action 
groups are not true, that is, when 


; nistic. 

“I think we should be more 
| positiv e and fearless in our leader- 
| ship. It is- true that on many 
| points the Christian 


‘groups and the Communists. are) 


iin accord. One of these, for ex- 
ample, is good housing for every- 
lone, But for anyone to say we 
are communistic because we 
lagree with the Commies on the 
ineed for good housing, ‘is simply 
| fantastic. 


‘Fearless Champion 
“Vat we 


misguided. critics. 


tidn tradition based on fearless 


| championing of thé right?” 


The Rt. Rev. Norman Burdett 


Nash, president of the Massachu- 


setts Council of Churches and 
Episcopal Bishop of Massachu- 
setts, delivering the address at a 
banquet last night in Memorial 
| Auditorium which marked the | 
50th anniversary of the council, 
' praised. the “great diversity of 
activity, the flexibility of the pro- 
'gram, and the resolute, common 
}purpose of those who have con- 
| vincedly participated. 

“But neither can } in 
 inaalais to note,” he said, 


candor 
“that 


(URSDAY, “MAY za, | 5 


‘World Today 


in what } 
ifields the Protestant religious or- | 


‘in world events today was a 
strong thread of contern which) 
iran throughout the Massachusetts | 


Dr. | 


told the 153d annual | 


the | 
we | 
the | 
that | 
lobbyists register as such, and our | 


we declaré we are not commnus | 


religious | 


should go on working | 
and speaking for good housing, | 
without fear and in spite of these | 
What are we, 
afraid of? Isn’t the whole Chris- | 


| 


 — 
OO BOR Fe 


Gen. Matthew B, Ridgway’s address to Congress and the nation 
was carried over a nationwide NBC network. 


ORR PCO 


ennai: seemed 


‘Truman Reiterates Right 
To Seize Basie Industrie 


By Neal Stanford 


Stag Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 


Washington 

President Truman, despite de- 
‘nials that he was in any way 
| prejudging the steel-seizure case 
‘now before the United States 
| Supreme Court, has ¢mphatically 
if not vehemently: 

1, Declared that he has 
inherent right as President to 
seize any basic industry (if in 
his judgment a national emer- 
gency exists) and neither the 
courts nor the Congress can take 
that power away from him; 
Asserted that if the Su- 
preme Court decides that the 
seizure of the- steel mills was 
‘illegal he will return |them to the 
owners, and then walt to see 
what happens: 

3. Indicated 
brought on 
' emergency 


the 


*) 
heey 


if that 
> 

another national 
in his view—or if 
any other domestit situation 
threatened the nation’s welfare 
—he would again ust his inher- 
ent constitutional right of seizure. 


that 


Jumps Inte Dispute 

The President at his weekly 
| press conference jumped into this 
dispute over his ¢ponstitutiona! 
| powers, at first with reluctance 
but eventually with energy and 
heat—so much so that at one 
point his press secretary, Joseph 
Short, whispered to his chief the 
wisdom of. avoiding this red-hot 
issue while it was before the nine 
black-robed justices at the other 
end of Pennsylvania Avenue. 

White Housé spokesmen later 
‘took it upon themsdives to ex- 
| plain the President’ outspoken 
essertions as no maneuver to in- 
fluence a Supreme Court ruling 
but only to nail down the Presi- 
dent’s conviction (that each 
branch of the government has in- 
herent constitutional powers that 
the other ‘two cannot 'wipe out. In 
other words, the President feels 
just as strongly that he cannot 
‘invade inherent. constitutional 
_powers of the courts or of the 
| Congress — though! his present 
emphasis is on their lack of power 
to move into what he regards as 
his constitutional preserve. 

Explanations and’ interpreta- 
_tions, however, do not dilute the 
record of Mr. Truman’s repeated 
assertion that nobody could take 
from a President the inherent 
rights granted him under the 
Constitution — among which he 
held is the right to geize proper- 
ties if such a step is| necessary to 
protect the welfare df the nation. 

He did agree that! theoretically 
there was a way by which he 
'could be deprived | of what he 
claims is an inheren{ right of the 
presidency — namely, through 
amendment of the /Constitution, 
specifically denying the President 
the pow er to seize > basic ¢ or funda~ 


se a mmm 


ye een a % 


the needs and opportunities for | 


French Communists Plan 


always 


cooperativé work have 
readi- 


\far exceeded the general 
iness to cooperate. 


'and surrendered too little inde- 
pendence, to enable federation or 
council to fulfill adequately’ the 
crying demands of the Massachu- 
| Setts situation.” 

|. He declared that, in the pres- 
ence of such world evils as na- 
tionalism, mammon, 
and. militant communism, 
ing the allegiance of millions, only | 


and an increase of 
and accord” are strong enough to | 
win world allegiance. 

The interchurch 


}cussion groups on 17 church-re- | 


‘day religious education, . “the | 
Christian approach to the prob- 
lems of alcoholism,” civil liber- 
ties, the New England textile 
'Situation,; press relations, and 
young people. i 


_" Methodists told need of in- 
dustrial I contacts: Page 2. 


Businessmen Told 


Of Big Job Abroad. 


.By the United Preds 


Garden City, N.Y. 


Gov. Thomas £. ‘Dewey has | 


warned that American business- | 


men going abroad must work to 


tries that the white man is the | 
symbol of ‘exploitation and colo- 
nialism. | . 

| * He said the United States is 
losing to Communism in the battle 
for men’s minds because “we just 
don’t haye the people with the | 
‘seroeg ge ell to make friends in 
| Asia, 


». 


“The denominations have al- | 
ways been so careful lest they | 
| give too much that they have, in | 
fact, contributed too Jittle money, 


secularism, | 
claim- | 


a lessening of denominationalism | 
“godly union | 


dispel the feeiing in Asiatic coun-— 


~- 


Ss 


mental industries. However, ‘he 
expressed his confidence that the’ 
people of America would never iso | 
dangerously tie the hands of their 
chief executive. 


Reporters Surprised 

The President at one point jin 
his discussion. of his constitutiozjal | 
powers asserted, to the surprise | 
of the newsmen, that he never. 
had read the much- publicized | 
ruling by District Court Judge | 
David A. Pine that the President's 
seizure of the steel mills was 
illegal and unconstitutional. While 
such a statement might be con- | 
strued literally, and therefore 
curately, to include every artiqle | 
and preposition of the rather ek- | 
tensive finding, it can be takpn 
for granted that the President {is 
as familiar with the substance jot | 
the Pine finding as is the Wash- 
ington press corps. 

In his opening remarks on this 
subject, before he really became 
warmed up to the basic issue jof 
inherent rights, the President ex- 


pressed the belief that the qués-_ 


tion before the Supreme Court did 
mot deal with those rights. This 
attitude, while unexplained, 

peared to stem from his somirletiees 
that as the court had no power | 
to imterfere 


authority he found it ripe: 
to believe it would try 

The President would Ss the fi 
-—and today he appeared to be 
last—to tlaim that his public d 
larations were not In ahy w 
prejudging the court or could fe 
ceivably influence any of 
justices. 


Specific Authority 

In reply to a question as to haw 
he felt labor-management disputes 
should be settled, the President 
said he favored enactment of} a 
new law giving the President | 
specific authority to deal with | 
strikes in fundamental industries. | 
He expressed the belief that such | 
a law should contain a provisipn | 
for seizure, thus making prvi 3 
what he considefs his inhergnt 


e | 


| 


power if only to avoid the indus- | ) 


trial and legal battle that is now | 
being waged over his seizuré} Lot | 
the steel mills. 
The. President's comments ion 
the steel case followed some vpl- 
untary remarks on the gegen wh 
of the three-year-old at 
wage dispute. He said he ot 
turning the roads to private a ha 
agement as soon as he could get | 
the papers signed, and ginenntod | 
that the settlement could hdve | 
come in 1950 as well as this wéek 
if people would only abide by the 
law. He gave his assistanf; Jabn 
R, Steelman, full credit for hav- 
ing brought this dispute to an epd. 


2 


Protest Against Ridgway 


The World 's Day 


, Pai. 


| In Europe: Brench Alert 15,000 Riot Police 


| Fifteen thousand rid 
nists ordered five 


it police were alerted as the French Commu- 

days of demonstrations against Gen. Matth 
B. Ridgway “Bit ree tomorrow. | | 

The lurgest mail robbery in Britain’s history now stands at $560,0 


stolen from an armored truck near the heart of London May 


Prime Minister CH 
on the affair to ae 


urchill’s governient has promised a statement 
th houses of Parliament. 


: 
i 
‘ 


convention, Washington: Living Costs Near All-Time Peak 


closed today with a series of dis- | The government reported a slight. rise in living costs that basal 


its index to within a shade of the all-time peak. 


it | ‘can’t treat radio and tele-/ lated subjects, including week- House investigators have written a report accusing the Air For¢e 
of, attempting to s¢t uD an independent supply empire in —_T 


of congressional! w ishes. 


National: ‘Ike”| Supporters Urged to Back Warren', 


Eisenhower campaign officials are urging supportérs of “Ike” to v ote 
_ for Governor Wafren—in the hope that Warren will throw his 
delegates to Eisenhower at the GOP convention. 


Boston: Park 


ing Enforcement Brings Protests. 


Boston, which has plans te spend more than $20 million for. off- 
street parking facilities to relieve its progressively worse traffic (the first session July 10, 1951, 


congestion, finds { 
corrects the situa 
| tests from those 
| A $2,616,553 M 


hat strict enforcement of parking regulations 

ion “100 per cent,” but brings storms of pr 
ied special parking privileges, [Page 7.] 
usetis state deficiency budget. $31,369 hi 


than the amount tequested by Governor Dever, was revorted 


vorably by the 
deficiencies for 


Far East: Jap: 
_ Ejkiehi Araki, aa | e 
the attack on Pea 
United States fichte 
a huge Communist 
Pyongyang, and i 


use Committee on Ways and Means to cove 
‘° year ending June 30, 1952. i 


ese Ambassador En Route to U. 
apanese ambassador to the United States sing 
fl Harbor, left Tokye for Washington. ‘ 
r-bombers, in a dawn-to-dusk attack, smash@ 
supply ar#a between the North asset capite 
is port, Chinnanpo. | 


i} 
i 


|Weather Predictions: Clearing, Cooler (Dea + Page , 


“ . 
r . 


eee Dil ad 


By Roland Sosivas 
Staff Corresppndent of The Christian 


In broad terms Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway. bike's 
to Congress what he termed the “incalculable 
portance” of keeping Japan as an ally of the western 


aa 


Science a 


ae 


In general terms, also, General Ridgway has warned Can« . © 
gress and the taxpayers that the United States will have to 
pay a pricé for this “relationship of vital importance to the 


‘national welfare of: both nations.” 
But the former supreme commander of Allied forces 


| the 


Far East, how on his way to Europe as Gen. Dwight D. 
hower’s: Suceessor, saved his frankest words and 


for less formal occasions and for private expression. 
edged to Congress that his ad- &@ 


lightly touched 
“great | problems” 


only 
the 


. dress 
| upon” 
| ahead. 


‘UN Cause Praised 
This occasion was completely 
different in tone and temper from 


_that of Gen. Douglas: MacArthur, 


when the latter addressed Con- 
' gress slightly more than a. year 
ago, when he came from Tokyo to 
Washington, no longer a steward 
.of national policy in the Far East 
but its challenger. 

Then emotion and politica] ten- 
|sion held the crowded chanber 
in’ a vise. Now it was relaxed. 
‘General Ridgway was no critic. 
Indeed, a few hours béfore Speak- 
er of the House Sam ‘Rayburn 
introduced him to the Congress, 
General Ridgway had praised the 
United Nations cause in Korea’ 
in words that have not been 
‘heard for a long -time, in Wash- 
ingt on. He had said: 

“There is not now nor) can 
there be in the future any ques- 
tion of the validity and purpose 
of the American -stand against 
that. deliberately planned, un- 
prov oked aggression.: 

“To have done otherwise than 
meet the~ challenge in Korea 
would have been a _ repudiation 
‘of every principle we had) pre- 
viously professed. To do other- 
Wise than oppose aggression in 
the future, within our capabili- 
ties, will be to acknowledge as 
sterile every sacrifice America 
has: made since it obtained inde- 
pendence.” | 


U.S. Responsibility Cited 
Then he stood upon the podium 


in the executive’s| of the House, whe residents, 
imherent constitutional roe "SP 
le 


en- 
.On-=- 


prime ministers, and other 
erals have stood, and told 


|gress that he had left. Tokyo with 


{the Japanese at., "s4 
e] “presently walking with us.” 
“Whether they continue or not 
is a responsibility which rests 
'rather more on us in the immedi- 
_ate future than on them, for’ our 
| Strength is superior, our resources 
immeasurably greater, and ours 
is the role of leadership.” 
This — responsibility, 


y 


Gener al 


| Ridgway said, embraces the resur- 


‘rection of the Japanése as a full 
and independent nation, which 
means reestablishment of Japan’s 
economy and reconstruction of-its 
military forces. Beyond these 
outlines, General Ridgway was 
| admittedly sketchy. But most any 
member of Congress, it is be- 
lieved. could s@e that he implied: 

That, the United States must 
continue to underwrite the Jap- 
anese é€conomy for a long time, 
| as no nation can rearm itself from 
.an island that must obtain large 
percentages of its coal and ore 


from overseas, from an ——_ that 
must_ import , quantities of raw 
materials to manufacture for ex~ 
port, or from an island where—as 
General Ridgway said—‘“the basic 
essentials of life are in chronic . 
short supply.” 


Meaning Thned Out 


This means, undoub - 
justments in American pre 4 
oe ye high a 
ations for the mili def of 
the Japanese Nouns tadesee aaa 
— supplies to rebuild the nu-_ . 
cleus of a new army, materials. % 
and funds to boild up Japan's . 
merchant marine, and i 
problems in the diplomatic 
where the United States must aia | 
evolution of these economic-mili- 
tary tasks in harmony with 
Pacific world, Australia: in 
ular, where there is no 
for the Japanese to this day after 
the fears of a decade ao. b 

The solution to such problems 
would be difficult eno if: the 
old economic ties with nchuria 
and the rest of China were 
cut off. But they are not m 
cut off. The lands -which once 
brought prosperity. to tau, : 
through trade and natural re< 
sources are in the hands of the 

ommunists, who now seek to 
use therm to gain control of Japan 
itself. 


Propaganda N oted 


The. truce: talks ip Korea have 
proved, General Ridgway told 
Congress, that the use of propa- 
ganda by the Communists—such 
as charges that the United Na- 
tions hag used germ warfare there 
—stands “as a monumental 
ing to the American people 
the free world.” General 
laid emphasis on this, ne 

. ch ah 


cating, d 

ean Be acb yen, these: . 
charges. should impress upon 
brains of those 


refuse to see the 


muni$¢m the) 
confronts us and | 

At ‘this point, General R 
told Congress that the UN truce 
delegates have made hono 
and logical proposals to the | 
munists on the issues of ai | 
construction, pation of Rus~- 
sia as a miémber of a Korean su-|— 
visory ec and forcie 
ble repatriation of war prisoners, 
“Acceptance or rejection, cessa- 
tion er continuance of hostilities 
in Korea,” he said, “is now the 
responsibility of the Communist 
leaders.” 


es to UN explolis tribute Sag Con- 
gress to in Korea 
conflict: Page 15 row 


: co 


lJ oy Charges Bad Faith 


In Fi lery 


By the United Dai 
Koje Island, Korea 
Communist prisoners: of 
war have posted guards in- 
side the barbed wire of no- 
torious Compound 76 to pre- 
vent fellow caperres ~— 
escaping. 


By Henry 8 S, Hayward. 


Chic} Far Eastern Corrkesenteut of 
The Christian — Monitor 


Tokyo 

Stinging charges of Communist 
‘lack of good faith during the 
| armistice negotiations have been 
leveled at the enemy delegation 
by Vice-admiral C. Turner Joy, 
outgoing chief of the United Na- 
| tions team at. the | Panenpon 
| truce. conference. 


| The war+prisoner | situation’ in 
Allied prigon camps! on Koje 
Island meanwhile crackled with 
tension despite indicationg | that 
firm Allied treatment was begin- 
ining to pay off. 

| Turning the “unenviable j¢b of 
further dealing” with the Com- 
'munists over to Maj. Gen. William 
‘A Harrison, Admiral Joy said, 


“there is nothing left to negotiate. | 


After 19 months and 12 days, 
I feel there is manne mer for 
-me to do.” 


he: for Time Charged 


summarized his tour: of duty, de- 
claring: 
“You did hot ent 


Blast at Reade | 


was unable to understand the uw 
attitude, Admiral Joy procl 
to his silent opponents: _ 

“Apparently you cannot com= 
prehend that strong, 
nations can make costly 2 
for principles cae ae they are. 
strong, can be dignified in the - 
face of abuse and Bae gu : 
they are can 
honestly ‘ io are free _ 
oe. fear co truth,” 

e added, “No amount of prope. 

however oft 


-~ 


ae 


‘ ‘TRE CHE . STIAN St ENCE, MONITOR, _ BOSTON, 


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Told A 
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| t ere > 


18: PLCC EO 


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5 as el 
Hh oe 
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By Betty Driscoll met 


Stef Writer of The Christian Science Npatcer 


’ By Everett M. reastsh 
Stef Writer of : 
The Christian Science Monitor | Metnhont Ten chess Union 
Retail prices of foods anid other | brings to the surface a 
© §i commodities and. services con- | standing public school 
| tinued to seesaw up and down in | School authorities say. 


1ac2ne ot the most conroveril 


Massachusetts 

State yederation of Women’s 
Clubs here at the New Ocean. 
House, 

Senator Whittier, who is Re- 
publican candidate for Lieut- 
enant Governor, stressed the fact 
that the obligations of a democra- 
cy have to be worked at-—that 
there “is no easy way.” 

“The most dangerous menace 


lurking at the fringes of democra- |. 


‘. cy is the person swho quits, who 


will not go to the polls, within | 
whom the crusading flame of de- 
mocracy has died,” he said. 

The indifferent citizen, “the 
man or women who negiects the 
‘obligation of citizenry,” Senator 

Whittier termed as ‘“‘the greatest 
threat to this nation.” 

Corrapt government officials | 
- and communism, Senator Whittier | 
said, were the two other great 
threats to. the country. 

Corruption Eyed 

R corruption 

ernment, Senator Whittier said, | 
, “America has the strength to seek | 
out the officé holder who would 


4 


in gov- 


tarnish his office iwth the accept-_ 


ance of bribes or associations with 
— Shocking and tawdry 
‘ Vas many recent revelations have 

- been, it must be pointed out that 

men—honest, decent men—=still 
went seeking and exposing the 
thieves and the crooks.” 

Communism is a threat, the 
senator pointed out, because it at- 
tacks us not only by force of arms 
but also by force of ideas. 

“In times like these with the | 
world divided, half slave, half | 
free,” he said, “it is not enough to | 
export moné¢y and arms and ma- 
terialism alone; we must export | 
ideals and inspiration. We must. 
export a faith and a belief in our 
way of life.” 3 

Greek Children Case 

Included in the. business sched- 
uled to come before the meeting 
is a resolution reiterating the 
‘General Federation of Women’s 
Clubs stand at the recent conven- 
tion in Minneapolis in which ap- 


' 
: 


| are ae 


| women and 


preciation was expressed at the 
progress being made by the Gov-> 


faced with making a decision is} 


~ age ie for junior member- 


men yebr; th 
in their ier | 
the junior 
high school to 30 years. 

t is felt by junior ¢lubwome 
that any ‘change should 
worked out by the junior el 
of the.lotal community and the 
senior club, under the auspices 
of which juniors are formed. 
Thus, the juniors recommend that’ 
the bylaw be changed 
ing out the age-limit- « 
adding in the line begir 
maximum age of”) t 
“members of a junio 
club. shall be determined by ee 
respective groups involved.” | 

Fund-Raising Activity : 

The evening divisions which 


w changes to make 


not able to 
clubwomen’g afternoon meetings, 
are actually divisions of the 
senior club, Dues are paid to the 
\senior club, making it) necessary 
for the youtiger women members 
to sponsor fund-raising events 
when they need funds for their 
own group activities, — 

Miss Barbara Shaw, junior de- | 
sustumnnt chairman, feels that | 
membership’ in the senior group 
will come naturally to the junior. 


for young businegs- | 
omemakers who are | 
attend the senior | 


e federation voted | 
membership age frome | 


| 


j 


W 
% of < Ma 
. +e “/ a. 


> > 

" y 

P - a? 
s* 


By * , Balt Photographer 


Mrs. Lewis C.. Stevens tcaditee left) of Wares. 
ter is all ready to hand ever the president's gavel 
te Mrs. Ralph G. Swain (center right) of Brock- 
ton tomorrow when the elections of the Massa- 
chusetts State Federation of Women's Clubs be- 
come official. Also on the slate for election to office 
are: Mrs. David M. ‘Small, deft) of Allston, first” | 


Believed Part: 


By the Assoctated.Press | 
Warwick, R.I. 


clubwom 
her busi 
ily cireuinstances make it possible | 
for-her to attend afternoon meet- | 
ings: Algo that some commusi- | 
ties are not large enough to spon- 
sor a division of a senior club | 
but may onl; be able to support 
a senior jand junior club. There- 


fore, it is recommended that the || 
decision | of the age for junior |: 


m ip ‘be left to the junior 
and senior ‘clubs of ¢ach com- 
munity, | 

Dr. Denn J. Wendell Yeo, Dean 
of the School of Education, Bos- 


ton University, spoke jast ‘night, i 
and Salom Rizk, author and léc-|'Warwick men, 


turer, spoke later today. Tonight, | 


n when she finds that) 
es: associations or fam- | 


A Navy diver, working with 
/Federal Bureau of Investigation 
jagents investigating the $100,- 
|000 Quonset Point, R.I., Naval! Air 
Station robbery, today ‘aate aged a 


bag full of currency from _ 


'Pawtuxet River here. 
The bag was of 
jabout one foot long. 
Newsmen “at the scene spécu- 
lJated that it contained the bulk 
of the stolen funds, FBI agents 
‘withheld comment. 

The find wes mdde as two West 
former civilian 
the air station. 


Plastic and 


employees of 


Princess ‘Ileana of Romania will |\awaited arraignment on charges 


speak ony “Er [ Live Ao. ” 


Fashions for Working 


Girls 


For Every Occasion Shown. 


Women’ 7 Activities 


A suitcase full of ataleiite 
wearable clothes was shown last | 
night for the career girl. who has | 


“two weeks with pay” for a vaca- | 


tion this summer 


for working girls held at the Bos- 
ton store showed a whole range 
of pretty, not too expensive 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOXK 
An Intermational Daily Newspaper 
Rett ot by Mary Baker Eddy 


Eecept Sundays end 
can Beis sie the Trustees of 
PUBLISHING 


as pecond aoe matter at the 
Boston, ag ) 


pies! too, and! one 


tional 2| editor of Charm magazine, which } 


ey 


iE; 


lence Publishing Society. 
Articies and Siastrations for publication 
be addressed to al 


ri Monitor, 
Street, Boston 15, Mass. 
CES 


.- $38 Fifth Avenuc 


( 
oe ae age = Press Buildings 
Avenuc 
uildin; 


|Garlan 
ne | Alu 


eee 


clothes bei every occasion in a. 

| fun-filled holiday. | | 
The rea] stars of the show were | 

the a8 ng prion. nylon, denim, 


| Ithat one 


\of the theft. The $100,000 be- 
longed to a credit union at 'the 
air station and’ was taken in a 
spamger of employees March 7, 


Rag Near Bridge 
The Pawtuxet River is a nar- 
row stream. The diver found the 


bag close to a bridge over which 
lithe New York-Providence high- 


Way passes, 

The FBI reported when it ar- 
‘rested Howard Hildebrandt and 
Robert R. La Plante last night 


Pe ded cotton were all \iing bills identified as part of the 
e aginable | stolen cash, 


*. | fakes pack- | | 
ing. and fain care of | 


year, 


Mr, Hildebrandt was arrested 
‘jn New York and arraigned before 


| rang. 
one’s clothes the easiest ever this | United States Commissioner Ed- 


' ward W. McDonald, who held him 


Of Quonset Loot .. , 


| vice-president, 


/ House. 


(right) of Orange, second vice 
Stevens retires after serving as | 
years. The other women are unopposed on the | 
slate. The women are attending the 60th annual 

meeting in Swampscott, Mass., at the New Ocean | 


ee ‘during the month between mid- 


; 


and Mrs. Kirke L. Alexander 
+-president. Mrs. 
president for two 


i 


———- | £85, electricity, and misce} lanened | mittee has- accepted student aid . 


Money in River Methodist Session Told Need 


Of Close Industrial Contacts 


By a Staff’ Writer of The Christian Scieure Monitor 


Worcester, Mass: 
The first man to serve as chap- 
ain} of industria] relations for; 
New England Methodist churches, 
the ‘Rev, Emerson W, Smith, re- 


| ported today on the success of his 


ithe Rev, 
| Protestant Church to provide a 
moral 


the Rev. 


| first year in that post, to the 156th 


annual séption of the New Eng- 
land Annual Conference in Wes- 
ley Methoclist Church here. 
“There is a great need,” said 
Mr. Smith, “for the 


alternative to industria! 
tension. other than that offered 


| by secular Communist ideology or 


that of Roman Catholic 
Church.” 

He told Methodist delegates and 
clergy that he had found. genuine | 
approval! of his work among lead- 
ers of both labor and manage- 
ment, Bishop John Wesley Lord, 
resident in the Boston area of 
the Methodist Church, also re- 
ported that the Nationa] Associa- 
tidn of Manufacturers had ap- 
proyead this new activity so 
strongly that they had tried to 
hire the Rev. Mr. Smith .them- 
selves at a considerably higher 
salary than the churches were 
able to pay him. 


the 


Moral Basis Required 


“We dare not continue,” warned | 
Mr. Smith, “our past in- 


difference and antagonism to the | 
' working man and his needs and | 


of the men was carry- | 


problems if we hold true to our | 
Methodist heritage and our Prot- | 
estant faith in freedom. 

“The Christian church alone, 


manifesting its belief on brother- 


Denim) blossomed out into a. irr $25,000 bail pending removal] to | 


town suit, in tattersall 


check, Rhode Island. 
handsome énough for any occa- 


| New York police also picked up 


sion, and only $10.95. Other suits | Gloria H. Fazzina of Jersey City, 


Nylon | plus orlon woven into 
seersucker makes a triple threat 
og for fast drying and no iron- 
n 

Color fs: important this year, 
-of the hits of the 
show was a deep turquoise or- 
ganza s As dinner dress" with 
matchi sheer duster, | 

Miss ces Koltun, fashian 


showed corded cotton, perfect for | N_J. 
traveling or the office. | 


featured ma of the clothes—in | 


its May! and. June issues, mod- | | 


erated the program., 


School 
mnpe: Elect 


Mrs. H, Thomas Ballantine, Jr. 


of Dedham, was elected 


of the Garland School 
Association at the annua! meeting 
recently, Mrs. Robert G. Thoma- 
son of Winchester and Mrs. Royal 
P. Baker of AttJ&boro, yice-presi- 
dent, Miss Coristance B. Learned 


of Dedham, treasurer, and Mrs. 


Jameson|| Bell of Weston, secre- | a private detective and asa gua 
| for 


tary, were also elected, 
Cambridge Girl Wins 


rect: |Job in | Vogne Contest 


1499 Unies Commerce Buildin; 
5) .¥ Market Stree 


i ered for editorial jobs on other 
‘| Conde 


Miss 
bridge, 
College, jhag been awarded a six- 
month’s joh on Vogue’ Magazine 
for tyin for second prize in the 
publication’s 10th annual Prix de 
Paris contest. Among nine other 
| contestants who will be consid- 


| Mr, La Plante was a helper an 


lly Higginson of Cams| 
ags., senior at Radcliffe | | 


t publications are: Miss 


u: | Jane Johnson of New York City 


Saturday w Pao 


Blanch, N. €., seniors at Radcliffe, | 
and Mi ‘Frances Daly af Auburn- 
dale, Mags,, a senior at: Wheelock 


College. | He 


International Toastmisteress 
Clubs—Northeast Region meet- 
ing of Crest No, 5, at the Hotel 
Touraine, Boston 6:45, p.m. 

w ) Better Gartiens Club 


»' @ New York night club 


singer. 


Mr. La Plante was arrested at. 


’ 


his West Warwick home. He was. 


rought before United States 
ommissioner A. Louis Rosenstein 
in Providence today and held in 
He a bail for hearing June 5. 
e had been absent from work at 
the station the day before the 


holdup. His employment ceased | 


the day of the holdup and he was 
among many persons questioned | 
afterwards, 


FBI Silent on Clues 


| The FBI--refused to tell how 
they were led to the hiding place 
of the bag, which had a metal seal | 
to keep water out. Search was | 


sia fair play, and justice, and 


Se 


re ee oe 


provide the moral basis that will | 


reconcile the differences between | 


‘tto reports by Wendell D. 
donald, regional director 
|United States 
Labor’s Bureau of Labor’ Statis- | 
tics. | 


| April, 


March and mid-April, according 
. Mac- 
of the 


Department of 


as professional oda belong to. 
labor unions? — 

David C. Jacobs, president of 
the Belmont Teachers’ Union, re- 
cently wrote the principal of the 
Belmont High ool a letter 
stating that the union wished to | 


A downward trend in prices | award a $100 stholarship to a’ doctors and lawy 
‘was recorded for the pé@riod in member of the high-school grad- get their aid 
‘Boston and Fall River, Mdss., and | uating class on a basis of schol- | organizations. 


N.H., prices remained un- 


Upward price trends were re- 


‘corded in Providence, R.L., 


lower | 
house | 
rac- | 
food, 


In Boston substantial} 
'prices for clothing an 
furnishings more than pret f 
‘tionally higher priced f 


| goods and services. 

However, the Boston bites of | 
Consumer goods and services, is | 
still 1.9 per cent above the level 
of a year ago, and 8.1 per cent’ 
higher than in June, 1950. 

Between mid-March and mid- | 
the important food group | 


' 


|cent over the period. | 
In Fall River, food prices de- | 


play, and need, 

Charles R. Thibadeau, Belmont. 
_ superintendent of schools has just | 
‘answered with a reply from 


scholarship. This is a sep, in’ the 


‘in Portland, Maine. In Manches- | arship, character, spirit of fair | 
| ter, 
| changed ‘during a three-month | 
period from January to April. 


and | Belmont School Committee that it | 
lin: Bridgeport and New Haven, | could not accept the offer of a 
(Conn. — | 


’ 


‘face of the union, according | ©; 


Joseph F. Solano, new president 
of the Belmont Teachers’ Union. | 
'He explains that the school com- 


‘from many community organiza- 
tions, such as the ‘Lions’ Club, 
‘the American ee a the Veter- 
ans of Foreign Wars, the Parent 
‘Teachers Association, and the 
| Teachers Club.” 


Action Scored 


Organized Year Ago 
‘Many educators point to the 


ence, 

Buffalo, NY | 

| Wis., , all involved teachers who 

were members of a labor union, 
The labor unionists, on 


In Belmont the hioei's local 
No. 1108 was organized about ea 


20" mem It is said to have some 


There appears to be no reason | teachers 
reaffirming its task to build the advanced 03 per cent: Meats,|/for rejecting the offer of the | 
kingdom of God on earth, can ‘poultry, and fish declined 1.4 per | Teachers Union except under the 


| misguided notion that recognition 


of the. union is thereby evaded,” 


labor’ and management and give | clined 0.5 per cent betwden mid-| according to Mr, Solano 
However, school- authorities not | teacher’ unions, it is reported. 
of retail food prices in Fall River | in agreement with the union aims| There are some 246 nonunion 
is currently at its lowest level have explained that when the | local groups of teachers, the ma- 


integrity and stability to this vital 
field of our ecanomy ” 

The Rev, Mr. Smith urged the 
following tasks on the local 
churches: 

Deepen, their: sense of social re- 
sponsibility as individual Chris- 
tians for what goes on in the eco- 
nomic world: 

Appreciate the moral] tmplica- 
tions of all industrial conflict 
which demands moral criticism, 
evaluation, and answer; 


Economie Revolution 


Understand better the present | 
economie revolution as it relates | 
to the Christian concepts of free~ |! 
dom, security,) power, property, | 
violence, stewardship, and indi- | 
vidual responsibilities; 

Accept the responsibility of 
being moral leaders in the com- 
munity even when dealing with | 
contemporary community prob- | 
lems of an industrial nature; 

Be ready to assume positions of 
responsibility in management, 
trade associations, and labor | 
unions so that the whole level of | 
industrial leadership may rise to 
a more Christian one, 

Bishop Lord also commented | 
that any’ church attempting a 
similar experfment should make | * 


‘sure that the committee behind 
ithe chaplain’s work understands | 
' thoroughly 


and sympathizes 
warmly with what he js trying. 
to. do. 


inn pe . 


a a 


Protestant Connell Gieeted 
By Roman Catholic Bishop 


By @ Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


Worcester, Mass. 


The following message of greet- 
ing to the Massachusetts Council. 
of Churches, whose interchurch | 
convention is meeting in Memo- | 
rial Auditorium here, was sent! 
today by the Most Rev. John| 
Wright, Roman Catholic Bishop of | 
Worcester: | 

“T’ am deeply grateful for your | 
King suggestion that a neighborly | 
,/message from me might be wel- 


| come to many of your conferees at 
| the meeting in the Worcester Au- 
| ditgrium this week. : 


“The friendly spirit of your in-_ 
vitation is a refreshing reminder 
of the days during and after the 


made also in a stfeam in Coventry. | Fecent war when so many of us! 

‘came to know one another in 
efforts to meet those problems of 
|common civic concern where our | 


The diver brought compressed - 
dir equipment here in a truck 
which was parked on the bridge. | 
As curious spectators gathered, | 
police kept motor traffic moving. | 

Mr. Hildebrandt was employed | 
at Quonset from 1946 to May, 


| 1951, since then he has worked as | 
rd | _Ple'to help promote the common | 


in | | good at a time when many of our 


an armoréed-car service 
| Rhode Island. 


_ airplane méchanic at Quonset. 


Insurance Angle 
By the Associated Press 

| Providence, R.I, 

At engineer for. a Hartford, 
Conn., insurance company said to- 
day that the day of the Quonset 
Point credit union holdup he was | 
asked to insure the gun’ shop ei 


-}and Miss Diana P. Stallings of | Howard Hildebrandt against bur; 


| gars, 

The Federal Bureau of Investi- 
gation has arrested Mr. Hilde- 
brandt in New ‘York and charged | 
him and another Rhode Island | 
man with the $100,000 holdup, the | 
largest cash haul in Rhode Islan 
history, 

i The 

hid that when Mr. 
increased by tenfold his stock in| 


insurance company Man 


Hildebrandt | ma 


'moral witness remains fortunately | 
| undivided. 

“Men like Dr. Jennings of your 
‘council worked wholeheartedly 
| with representatives of our peo- 


|Tespective groups were not so | 


d conscious as they now are of the | 
| just claims of displaced persons | 


on pur hospitality; of the need of | 
housing more consistent with the | 
| Christian understanding of indi- | 


| -vidual dignity and family rights; | 


of the dangers of militarism as | 
| distinct from preparedness, to our | 
mutual heritage of personal and | 
political freedom. 

“I like to think that the happy | 


| Tecoliection of such joint ‘efforts | Bernard J, Rothwell headed in 


in behalf of the common good of | 


Oo ee 


) 


Marblehead Ties 


Into MDC System 
For Water Supply 


‘Marblehead today began re- 


| Ceiving its water supply from the | 
| Metropolitan District Commission 


| 


g completion of a $3 .250,- | 
DC water pipeline to the| 


000M 


ithe community prompted your 
Senerous thought of me as you | 
were planning yeur jubilee pro- 
gram, That same recollection cer- 
_tainly moves me to respond with | 
'kindest remembrances and with | 
the gincere: prayer that we may 
frequently find ourselves at one | 
(in bearing witness to the sover- 
eignty of God, the kingship of 
| Christ, and primacy of the spirit- | 
ual, in the face of militant athe- | 
ap and totalitarian secularism. 
“With cordial personal best 
| Wishes, I am | 
Faithfully yours in Christ, 
John Wright, Bishop of Wor-: 
cester.” ' 
The letter wins addressed to the | 
Rt, Rev. Norman B. Nash, presi- | 
‘dent of the Massachusetts Coun- | 
cil of Churches and Episcopal | 
| Bishop of crak sates 04. 


ee meee ee 


' 


| 


| in April than they did ij 
| according to the. repo 


March and mid- April. The index | 


since October, 1951. 


/union asked for official recogni-| jority of which 
Prices paid for commodities pur- tion of the scholarship it meant | Massachusetts Tea 


Teachers Association, a member 
of the Massachusetts Teachers’ — 
Federation. 

Throughout Massachusetts there 
are at present only: 15 to 20 


chet er 


_chased by Manchester cansumers 2 Step toward Recognition of a) tion. 


CIO Textile Chief Suspends 
- Officials of Seceding, Unions 


remained unchanged during the 
three-month period, January to 
April, 1952. Lower vider ifor food 
offset higher prices rents, 
housefurnishings, and miiscellan| 
eous goods and services.) 

In Providence, rétail fopd prices 


' showed an increase of 0.9: per cent | 
between mid-March ahd mid- | 
April. Food prices in Providence | 


now are 1.7 per cent above the | 
ievel of a year ago, and/ 12.3 per 
‘cent higher than in June, 19590. 
The index of retail food prices 
for New Haven showed an in- | 
crease of 0.4 per cent. ‘between | 
mid-March and mid- Aprit. Higher 


The CIO Textile Worker’s Union 
is moving to Strengthen itself 
in New England in the ‘unprece- 
dented battle between the CIO 
‘and the AFL textile unions. 

The struggle came to a head in 
Boston Monday when George 
‘Baldanzi, for many years execu- 
tive vice-president of the CIO 
union, announced 


‘not 


Joseph Peraro; president of the 
seceding union, declared the sus- 
pension of no effect because the 
union already had withdrawn 
from the CIO union. He said the 
present duly elected officers would 
permit the international 
union to dictate the policies of 


that he hadi the local union contrary to the 


prices for fruits, vegetables, bev- become director of organization | sentiment of its m 


‘erages, and eggs more than offset of the AFL union, and that thou-+ 


‘lower prices for meats, dairy | 
products, fats, and oils. t 
Bridgeport housewives ~ paid 
' fractionally higher prices for food 
n March, 
rts. The 
Bridgeport index of retail food 
prices now is 1 per cent above the 
level of a year ago, and: 11.9 per 
cent higher than in Jung, 1950. 


ee 


Gagnon Affidavit 
Received by Kelly 


Receipt of a letter sbi William | 
Powers, Rhode Island Attorney | 
General. containing an | affidavit 
from Alfred A. Gagnén! in con- 
nection with the Brink’s case Was | 
announced today by Francis E. 
Kelly. Massachusetts | Attorney 
General. 

In his letter, Attorney. General 
Powers stated that the) Gagnon 
affidavit was received voluntarily 
after Gagnon’s cases ih Rhode 
Island were disposed of iand was 
not based on any threat pr prom- 
ise. 

According to Mr, Powers, Gag- 
non insists he is ready to give 
/minute details to complete his 
‘weneral affidavit to a! Suffolk 
' County’ grand jury. 

Mr, Kelly said he wa$ turning 
the Gagnon affidavit over to Wil- 
liam J, Foley, Suffolk County Dis- 
_trict Attorney, for appropriate 
| action. 

“It would be unwise f 
attorney genera] to dis¢lose the 
contents of Mr, Gagnon’s affidavit 
on such an LAID Or FRE | matter,” 
| Mr. Kelly said. { 


or me as 


ee 


Rothw ell Elected Head of Sicstin ¢ of C 
4? Years After His Father Held Post 


Paul 'T. Rothwell, president of | 
| the Bay State Milling Company of | 
Boston, and widely known in| 


business, trade, and civic circles, | 
\was today elected president of | 
the Boston Chamber of Com 
merce. 

Mr. Rothwell follows in his 
|father’s footsteps—42 years later 
|—becoming president of the or- 
ganization which his father, 


1910-11. 

The election and annua] meet- 
ing was held at the Sheraton Plaza 
Hotel. Mr. Rothwell succeeds 
| Ralph M. Binney, vice-president | 
‘of the First National Bank of | 
' Boston, who held the presidency | 
of the Chamber for one year. 

A native of Boston, the new | 
i president attended the High’ 
| School of Commerce, Middlesex 
School and Worcester Academy. 
He is a member of the class of 
1917 of the University of Wiscon- 


| 


-- Haven 


Hugh Munro, president, 


Also elected today were direc- 
tors for three-year terms as fol- 
lows: A, Dudley Bach, president, 
New England Metallurgical Cor- 
poration; Pierre Dumaine, spe- 
cial consultant, New Yark, New 
& Hartford Railroad; 
Howard O. Frye, Walter Baker 
Chocolate and Cocoa Division, 


sands of other CIO textile work- 
ers were also switching. 
| Emib Rieve, president of the | D¢5s 
‘CIO union, yesterday suspended 
more than 35 officials of CIO 
local unions in Connecticut, 
Rhode Island, and Massachusetts 
which have gone over to the AFL. 
Among these was the union ~ 
Thompsonville, ,Conn., one of 


first in New England to secede. Tt 


‘has 2.500 members. Victor. Can- | der, 


embership, 

Mr. Rieve of the CIO niin 
named Denis Blais tem ad- 
| ministrator to carry on the 

ness of 11 local unions in Rhode 
Island and ee wag tee and the 
northern Rhode 
board of the CIO Texthe 
ers. Mr, Blais is manager. at the 
union’s joint board at pe ag 
Maine, 

The displaced aos said they 
would disregard | 
and rs al : 

. seek . 


| zano, Rhode Island director of the | membership 
CIO Textile Workers’ Union, was | with the AFL textile workers’ 


wie by its national headquarters | union. Mr. Blais was refused ad- 
t New York to take charge of | mission to the board’s offices. 


rt affairs of the Thompsonville | 
union. 
all its funds and reco 


_Canzano. 


The northern Rhode Island 


It was ordered to turn over Joint Council represents seven 
rds to Mr. | local unions with a va ics aa 


of about 3,000. 


Naval Shipy ard Wins Awards: 


‘The Boston Naval Shipyard and 
its employees today received four 
awards—two for safety, one,for 
fire prevention, and one for par- 
ticipation in the Treasury Depart- 
ment payroll savings plan. 

Three of the awards were pre- 
sented to shipyard representa- 
tives by Rear Admiral John L. 

McCrae, Commandant of the 

First Naval District, in a cere- 
mony at the yard at noon today. 
| ‘The fourth award, for bond pur- 
chases, was made at the same 
time by Charles A. Mead, director 
of federal savings. repre- 
senting John W, Snyder, Secretary 
io the Treasury. 

Both safety awards—one by 
| the First Naval District, and a 
‘s€cond by the National Safety | 
Council—are baged on the yard’s | 
saf 
n r and severity of accidents 
eompared with 1950 and previous 


years. 
Few Days Lest 
The yard’s record, of only 2.43 
lost-time accidents for every mil- 
lion man-hours worked during 
1951, is less than half of the figure 
usually considered “excellent”, 
for heavy industry. 


{ 


General Foods Corporation; John 
Hill, vice-president, Né 
land Mutual Life Insurar 
pany; Everett Morss, rf 
Simplex Wire & Cable C 


resident, | 
ompany; 
Munro, } 
id W. C.) 
Station | 
nVe. J 


Kinkaid, Mottia, Inc.; at 
| Swartley, Westinghouse 
|Manager, WBZ and WB’ 


Hub C of C Chief 


lw Eng- | 
ice Com- ' 


Severity of accidents was tal- 
lied at only .16 man-days lost 


—— 


‘Weather Predictions 


By U. S. Weather Bureaxz 


Clearing and Cooler 
Boston and Vicinity — Clearing 


rand cooler tonight. Lowest tem- | 
_perature near 50 degrees. Friday | 


partly cloudy with little change in 
temperature. Moderate Northerly 
winds Friday morning rm He 
onshore in afternoon. 


For Safety, Fire Preven 


; 


; 


tion 


from accidents for every 1,000 
man-hours Ww i : 


than pice igiaet” mentee work 
at the ya i ee nearly 
13,000 em 

In addition. ~" em Bons 
fatal or permanen 
cidents were apated in the e yard 


the . 


advance safety in the 
for the safety-consciousness pro= . 
gram outlined by shipyard offi- 


record, and its reduction in | held by all levels of management ; 


supervision; weekly 15-minute © 
safety discussions are held the | 
first of each work week, he ex- 
plained, te 
In these safety meetings, each 
employee has an opportunity se: 
make suggestions for ¢ | 
make his own job ar or. 
the ae of a 


| sin, which he left for service in 
‘the Army in November, 1917. He 
| was captain when discharged at 
the end of World War I. 
Residing now in Duxbury, Mr. 
Rothwell is @ director in ‘the! 
Massachusetts Bonding and In-/ 


—Tour of g rdens in the vicinity 
from 2 to 3 p.m., the proceeds to 
be used to help beautify a section 

of Roney 128 in Waltham. | 


Events Scheduled — 
In Greater Boston 


: feloudy. and warmer in west por+ 
tion. 


e gun shop he was told he would | 47€a. 
ave to install a burglar alarm be-| The. 36-inch pipeline extending | 
ore he could get insurance. ‘from Fells Reservoir, Stoneham, 
' “He put in a very good system | to Swampscott and Marblehead, | 
with doors and windows connect- also improves’ water distribution | 
d to an outside siren and gong,” | facilities in several other North 
= engineer said. 'Shdre communities. 


| Through the project, Marble- surance Company; Suffolk First 
' King to Aid UN Study: 


head will be supplied with an | Federal Sav ings and Loan Asso- 
average of 1,250,000 gallons daily, | ciation; Miller's National Federa- 

Of Driver Licensing 

Rudolph F. King, Massachusetts 


Marblehead w . | tion; New England Council; - 
plied by the city 4 pee tis ton Elevated nies Focipene 
aie iigelne Wi beast to ("aiteaes Huveines Reo 
egistrar of Motor Vehicles, ‘was ros¢ ana Saugus and will improve | 
iy sppelisted tn. &-rnstnboer bt water pressures in Swampscott to| Authority, Commonwealth of 
United . Nations Committee of 
xperts to study problems relating 
! a licensing of — vehicle driy- 


Connectieut—Clearing and cool- 
er tonight. Friday partly — 
and warmer, 


Spetint to The Pertti Sciences aie 
Lynn, 


: 


meet peak summer demands. Massachusetts, Roman Cath- 
Completion of the project was! Slic Boys’ G e Center. 
marked by a simple ceremony| | While still a boy, “Mc. Rothwell 
today at Eastern Avenue, and| Started work in the flour mill 
testa Street, Lynn, one of the during summef_ vacations in 1916, 
two points where the sys-| After release from the Army he 
The appointment was made by: tem connects with the Marble- | came to the Boston office in 189 
rygvie Lie, Secretary General of | head: distribution lines, Marble-| as salesman, later becoming sales 
e UN, after ‘consultation with head spent $200,000 to provide; manager and, assistant to the 
e State Department. _ }eonnections, — | president. In 1 he gone 
Mr. King will) represent the At the ceremony Governor | president of the compan 
; the | Dever was represented by. Judge | Was founded by his fa 
| John J. Green, while Harold J.| bas held that ¢ 
i~ | Toole, director and chief engineer 
-iof the MDC nig hee ig opel i 
resented Edgar ¥ : 
commissioner, ' 


avae.. $13.75 pote. 

SELFAST .... 5.10 9.20 

BANGOR ... 5.85 10.55 
YORK _. 


4.50 » 8.10 
INGTON 8.95 16.15 
RICHMOND ._—«'11:.45~=—s- 20.65 


Plas U. 3. Tax 
_ QF BOSTON ~— 
10 Sc. James Ave. 
LI 2-7700 


ee 


4 ; 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1952: 


} oe D ss eres JC grr ree A Ot cert ase: 


to CHICAGO - 
EVERY HOUR ON THe 4 HOUR 
oo 


_ OR CREAM CHEESE FOR A 
lOUS APPETIZER]! 


BY THE MAKERS OF THE FAMOUS 
SNOW'S CLAM CHOWDER 


Senators 


By Josephine Ripley 
Staff Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 


Washington 
The Senate Banking and Cur- 
ren¢cy Committee’s action in 
drawing up-.a new wage and 
price-contro! bill which excludes 
both labor and management from 
membership on the Wage Stabili- 
zation Board suggests the possi- 
bility of another labor walkout 
frorn the stabilization program. 
Organized labor already has 
given warning that it is prepared 
to take such action if Congress 
cartes through on this recom- 
merdation. 

The committee proposed the 
recanstitution of the WSB in its 
approval of an eight-month ex- 
tension of wage and price-control 
legislation under the National 
Defense Act. | 

The administration’s plea for 
a two-year extension of controls 
was' shrugged aside, as the com- 
mittee by voice vote set the ex- 
| piration date as of March 1, 1953. 
| That: will give the incoming 
Ladministration little time to\con- 
foram the case for renewal, 


and | 


Bis De 


“McCarran Bill Foes 


| 
/ 
: 


27, @ substitute they offered. 


By the Associated Press 


"Foes of the McCarran Dill to overhaul the nation's immigra 
| Jaws stffered a major defeat when the Senate rejected, 51 to 


tion 


It was the second sharp setback this week for sénators who 
want to liberalize the bulky McCarran bill and accept inte - this 
country thousands more aliens than it would: let in. They 
failed earlier, on a 44 to 28 vote, to send the legislation back 


te Senate Judiciary Committee 


for revision. 


i ’ 


probably necessitate a temporary 
extension until hearings can be 
held and the decision made. 


Challenge to Labor 


‘The committee’s action in strip- 
ping the WSB of all jurisdiction 


in wage disputes and-in reconsti- 


tuting it without labor. or manage- 
ment representation was taken in 
defiance of labor’s warnings. 

It reaffirmed an earlier decision 
in| this respect and ignored the 
threat by William Green, presi- 
dent of the American Federation 


Truman Blasts 


House Denial 


Of Social Security Increase 


By the Associated Presse 


. Washington 


That's wit Ae “| 


» Morton is America’s 
best sellin ng salt | 


| | cover for yourself why Domino is 


TRY THIS Domino RECIPE Fo 
LEMON MERINGUE PIE. 


ocd cooks everywhere know with other ington Beat ere 
that sugar is one of the most im- — yolks; add, with4 cup water, tosu- 
gar mixture. Capk over hot water, 


canes oy sesaratigen recipe. 
ollow this Domino recipe for stirring constantly, until thick. 
Cover. Cook 1@ min. Add butter 


luscious lemon meringue pie. Dis- 

or margarine, Jemon juice and 
_ grated rind; well. Pour into 
pasty shell. Bent egg whites stiff 
t not dry; gratiually add 44 cup 
Domino Sugat: 4 tsp. salt, 
beating cons y. Swirl on pie fill- 
ing. Bake in ho} oven, 425°F., 10 
min., oruntil bre . Forsucgess 

use Domino ne Cane ner 


Domino 


| AMERICA’S LARGEST 
SELLING sed 


"| America’s favorite sugar! 
1% cups Domino Extra Fine ~~ 
Granulated 


Mix 1 cup Domino Extra Fine 
Granulated Sugar, flour, few grains 
of salt and %4 cup water until 
smooth. You'll find it’s easy to 


eee ee ee 


President Truman, declaring he 


| doesh’t know “what'in Sam Hill” 


Congress is thinking about, has 
stru¢k anew at the legislators ffor 
cutting his budget and defeating 
a bill to increase social security 


payments, : 

In an address before 1,200 vol- 
unteger hospital workers for the 
Veterans Administration, Mr. 
Truman said: 

4 am talking as a citizen-of the 
United States and as a veteran. 

“I am not a candidate for office 
land I am talking for the welfare 


struck anew at the legislators for 
run) the hospitals. He. said he 
economy bloc in Congress decided | 
the \veterans program was too ex | 
pensive, it lopped off 75 million | 


run’ the hospitalls. 
hopes the Senate will put it back 
becpuse if it doesn’t it will be 
“just too bad for the veterans.” 
le added that he would not be 
olor to if the House would not 
prefer to see the cut restored by 
the|Senate so that members could 


Save money and the Senate would 
not; let them. 

“When: I 
‘there last 


sent my budget up 
January, they didn’t 


at it, ” Mr. Truman said. 
| Postal ‘Subsidy’ Hit 


Discussing the Post Office De- 
partment, he said it had an im- 
mense deficit. Therefore, he said, 
he |asked Congress to make the 
peaple pay who have been enjoy- 
ing a “subsidy” in the mailing of 
magazines and newspapers — in- 
clitiing some he said he thought 
the public ought not to read any- 
way. 

The President then discussed 
the House action in| rejecting a 
/bill to increase payments under 
old-age insurance. Sponsors of 
this measure said it also sought 
to} protect the social-security 
so of those responding to mili- 
tary service and civilians who be- 
come permanently disabled, 
‘Socialism’ Charged 


There appeared to be no oppo- 
sition in the House to the in- 
creased payments, but critics said 
the bill would grant -Federal Se- 
curity ‘Administrator Oscar R. 
Ewing too much power.in decid- 
ing what disabled persons could 
receive benefits. They said this 
power might lead the country 
toward “socialized medicine.” 

Mr. Truman said the bill would 


A. 


of all the people of this country.” | 


dollars of the money needed to) 
He said he} 


go home and say they tried to} 


) 


Moke en excellent gift! 

Home made with creamery 
butter ond freshly cracked 
wolnuts. 11 tbs. net weight. 


Sefistaction Guaranteed. 
Send $2.00 to 


‘to modif 
/sales of the metal. 


have provided that veterans 
fighting in Korea would get. social 
service credits for time spent in 
Korea. 

“Along came that great organi- 
zation, the American Medical As- 
sociation, which hates the admin- 
istration worse than it hates the. 
devil, and. said this looks like 
socialized medicine,” Mr, Truman 
said. 

He added that it looked no 
more like socialized medicine than 
the payments made by the AMA 
to the public relations firm of 
Whittaker & Baxter to attack the 
President’s health-insurance pro- 
gram. 


“T want to see the Korean vet- | 


erans get justice and to get it) 
now,” Mr. Truman said. 


Halleck Hits Bock 


Washington 


’ ‘A a 


the stabilization programy if Con- 
gress approves the change. 

This would be the second time 
that labor has walked out on the 


curred about a year ago when 
labor representatives quit stabili- 
zation councils on the ground that 
they were not given a voice at 
the policy-making level. 

The new bill provides fof ‘a 


| WSB composed entirely of pub- 


lic members who will have power 
to advise on interpretation or 
application of regulations, but 
will have no authority. with re- 
spect to labor-management dis-~ 
putes. 

It bespeaks congressional  dis- 
approval of the action of the 
present WSB in the steel cage, in 
which it recommended a 26-tent- 
an-hour wage increase, _ plus 
@ union shop. 


Steel Angle Noted 


Administration requests with 


and price controls were flouted 
in practically all cases; with the 


amendment.” 

This amendment, tacked onto 
the present bill, has restricted 
normal imports of cheese and 
dairy products, and the committee 
has recommended a far more 
moderate substitute. 

Labor is considered certain to 


object to another provision in the 


of Labor, that labor will boycott- 


program, The first walkout oc- 


eat of Labor Walkout i in W: B 


under gov 
excess of $10,000, 


Other Controls 

The Labor Department hss es- 
timated that this would affect 
about half the -workers | 
tected by the act, 


the term of wage and p 
trols to March 1.of next 
voted to extend authority 
location of materials, ren§ con- 
trols, and ocntrols on 
a l ‘housing credit to Tune. 20 
The controversial Cal 
provision allowing price cd¢ilings 
to compensate for cost increases 
up to: last July 26 “is contiieed, 
but clarified so that it doé@s not 
apply to wholesalers or retailers. 
The Herlong amendment, 
mitting sellers to add their 
tomary percentage margin. ! 
terming the sales price of 
wares is extended and ce 
versally applicable. 
The 
Senate floor for’ final he Hous 
week of May 25. The F ouse 


Be ALE 


respect to the future form of wage | 


exception of the so-called the noscnt 


SILVERWARE 


REPAIRED 


SIMMONS PLATING WORKS 


219 PRYOR +7 a Ad ’ ANTA " 


Lorcest and Oldest in the 


South 


Representative Charles A. Hal-| — 


leck has . challenged President | 
Truman’s charge that the House 
bowed to American Medical Asso- 
ciation pressure in rejecting a bill 
to boost social security benefits. 

The Indiana Republican, ma- 
jority leader in the Republican- 
‘controlled 80th Congress, said 
the . President made another 
“cheap, intemperate” attack on 


'Congress in a speech criticizing 
| examine it at all—didn’t even look | : P 


the House’s defeat of the bill. 
Mr, Halleck said. Republican 
opposition to the measure 
stemmed fro mthe “gag” methods 
under which it was brought up 


to the House floor. 


He ‘said the bill contains many 
“good features” and will be re- 
turned for House debate under 
rules permitting amendments. 

Mr. Halleck said, however, 
Republicans objected to certain 


; 


that SSS 


provisions of the bill which they —— 
would seek to strike out when it) 


is returned before the House. For 
instance, he said some GOP mem- 
bers believe the outside income 


limitation allowed old-age bene- |Z 
ficiaries should be raised from '== 


$50 to $100 instead of the $70 
proposed in the bill. 


\Chile-U.S. Settle em 
Copper-Price Tilt==—=—=— 


By the United Press 


Santiago, Chile 
The three-week-old- dispute be- 
tween the United States and Chile 
over the price of copper has been 
settled 
President Gonzales Videla in 
his annual message opening the 
Chilean Congress said May 21: 
“The United States has agreed 


“From now on copper sales will 


‘be made directly by Chile’s Cen- 


tral Bank to purchasing firms in 


that country (United States). 


“The sales will comprise 80 per 
cent of Chile’s copper production 


-and will be made at ‘standard’ | 
prices, Ceiling prices are elimi- | 


nated automatically,” Sefor Gon- 


zales Videla said. 


He warned world peace never 


‘was in greater danger than now 
due to “the oppressive policy of 
'the Soviet Union and its instru- 
‘ment, international communism.” 


The Christian Science Monitor. Whether yet 
small or large, it’s important for the 
. of your response. | 


000 21OQ.° 


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had 
on the Leistation, | ty to 
wind up its hearings b y 2 


Defense Contracts 


By the U nited Press 


Washington [© 
Representative Paul Brown (D)j | 


of Georgia said here that southern 
congressmen may try to kill the 
controls law if the government 
insists on awarding defense ¢on- 
tracts on the basig of ‘regional 
unemployment instead. of low. bids. 

Mr. Brown and six other south~- 
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‘studying whether clothing con- 


tracts should be channeled to un- 
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@ Here is action—not idan bring 
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selection of everything new and smart 
in summer and year around suits at ‘new 


low. prices—$24.50 to $44.50. 


Remember, these are Richman, Bros. Clothes, 
not some unknown make. We styled them, 
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‘THE ;. CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY, May 22, 1952 


“ 


- 


serene we eres. 


2 pe: WRT LORS Eh 


| Convenience 


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ish Ambeseddor in Clive: and that 
it was accompanied by counter- 
proposals, gives observers reason 
to hope that,.for the present, 
Britain and Egypt will continue 
to grope for a solution by them- 
selves, without resorting to inter- 
hational agencies or to more dras- 
tic action. Thus, on the advice of 
United States Ambassador Jeffer- 
son Caffery and King Farouk’s 
chief adviser, Hafez Afifi Pasha, 
Premier Ahmed, Naguib Hilali 
Pasha has put off his implied 
threat to break off talks and 
“seek .other means” to achieve 
the Egyptian demands. 


Compromise Steps 

While Egypt's negative reply 
was being -communicated to the 
British Government, both sides 
had already taken compromise 
steps on the Sudan question with- 
out, however, budging from their 
respective stands on the basic is- 
sue of the recognition of King 
Farouk as King of Egypt and the 
Sudan. 

[Britain's anxiety to keep the 
negotiations going was reflected 
in a statement by Prime Minister 
Winston Churchill to the House of 
Commons, it is reported from 
London, 

[Mr. Churchill disclosed that 

ritain has refused to grant Is- 
rael’s request for a £5 000,000 
($14,000,000) loan, 

{Mr, Churchill declared that 
the gravity of economic conditions 


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Open: for British. 


in Britein precluded the loan. But, 
finder questioning, he added that, 
w dealing with the Arab 
countries, Britain's every step 
“has to be won ry by the govern- 
ment with great'care in order not 
to complicate situation in the 
Middle East.” 

[The presumption would seem 
to be that a British loan to Israel 
at this time would be so deeply 


| resented by the Arab states—who 


have never recognized the exist- 
ence of Israel—that it would 
make further Anglo - Egyptian 
progress very unlikely. ] 

| Assembly Extended 


‘In the Sudan, the British Gov 


ernor General, Sir Robert Howe, 
has gone some way toward meet- 
ing Egyptian demands. He has 
extended the present legislative 
Assembly for another four 
months, and thus put off elections 
under the Constitution, which 
Egypt has refused to recognize. 
Postponement of Sudanese 
elections until winter was de- 
scribed by British quarters as 
necessary “to avoid prejudicing 


Anglo-Egyptian talks 


Egypt had been complaining 


that British administrators in the 
Sudan have been rushing their 
maneuvers to complete. separation 
of the Sudan from Egypt and 
leave Egypt with an accomplished 
fact,’ 

A compromise move by _ the 
British in the Sudan has been 
followed by an Egyptian invita- 
tion to the Sudan’s separatist 
factions to send delegates to 
‘Egypt for consultations, thus 
imarking a reversal of Egyptian 
|policy toward the Sudanese. 
| Hitherto Egyptians have refused 
to negotiate with Abdurrahman 
Mahdi Pasha, spiritual head of 
a large section of the Sudanese 
and considered tc be -the most 
powerful personality in the 
Sudan. ‘ 


On the contention that Egypt 


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separatists, and believe it “still 


fit the Sudanese representatives 
| to understand Egyptian views.” 


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| government is planning to con- 
| struct a new weapons plant on | 
| Egyptian soil, 


months, 


the voyage over the Atlantic 
the yacht battled its way 
through three gales. 
a- : a 


and the Sudan are really one 
country, Egyptian contacts with 
the Sudanese have been limited 
to pro-Egyptian Nile Valley unity ja 
parties, 
Bold Move Forward 

Hilali Pasha’s invitation to 
Mahdi Pasha to send a personal 
representative as well as a dele- 
gation from the Umma (Inde- 
pendence) Party was seen here as 
a bold move forward. After con- 
sulting with leaders of .the in- 
dependence movement, Mahdi 


Pasha has named four of the 
ablest partisans, including the 
Speaker: of the Legislative As- 
sembly and two members of the 
Sudan Executive Council. to rep- 
resent him in talks with Hilali 
Pasha. 

Proceeding with caution, how- 
ever, Sudanese leaders have re- 
quested to know, before taking 
the trip to Egypt, what exactly 
they will be called upon to discuss 
with Egyptian authorities. 

British diplomatic quarters ex- 
press satisfaction at the impend- 
ing first contacts between Egyp- 
tian authorities and Sudanese 


| would be valuable for Egyptians 
‘to learn the: various views and 
| feeling prevailing in the Sudan, 
and at the same time it will bene- 


The Egyptian move was de- 


tion of a present situation, and it 
is expected to have far-reaching 
effects in the! Anglo-Egyptian 
talks 


New Weapons Plant 
For Egypt Reported 


Special to The Christian Science Monitor 


17 Years or 50? 


Details Lacking 


Brussels 
Belgian intelligence 
have disclosed that the Egyptian 


The report stated that the 
Egyptian ambassador in Bern is 
negotiating with Swiss authori- 
ties for the ood of some $1,- 
700,000 worth of machine tools 
and other essentials for a plant 
expected to turn out well over 
75,000 machine guns a year. 

The machine tools are said to 


| have been delivered to Switzer- | D. Eisenhower, the reply was: “- 


'land from West German firms. | 


| The same firms, allegedly, are to| Mr. 


| provide construction engineers | 
and technicians and have prom- 
ised to build the arms plant in | 
the record time of 14 to 18) 


sources | 


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man with "Chancellor. | 
Adenauer. 

Although the six Foreign Min- 
isters agreed on several details, 

serious last-minute hitch arose 
on two questions. One concerned 
the duration of the treaty and 
the other the future status of the 
French troops, which at present 
form part of the western occupa- 
tion forces in Germany. * 


Dutch Foreign Minister Dirk 
U. Stikker had instructions from 
his government to insist that the 
European Army treaty should 
have the same duration as the 
Atlantic Pact, that is 17 years. 

The French, on the other hand, 
wanted the European Army 
treaty to run parallel with the 
Schuman Plan, that is for { a mini- 
mum of 50 years, 

This disagreement is a basic 
one, for it stems from the quite 
different views held by Holland 
and France regarding the ulti- 
mate mission of the European 
Army 

For the Dutch, this pooled de- 
fense force is a complemént to 
the Atlantic Pact, just another 
piece of the rearmament jigsaw 
intended more particularly to ad- 
mit Germany into the western 
system. For the Quai d’Orsay the 
European Army is a definite step 
toward future European federa- 
tion or confederation, 


The Dutch are evidently not 
too impressed by the broad fed- 
erative aim of the French, for 
the canvas at present is singu- 
larly lacking in detail, One might 
almost say that it is blank except 
for its title and a choice of ¢olors 
offered on various palettes labeled 
“Schuman Plan,” “Strasbourg | 
Assembly.” and so on. | 

The second controversial issue | 


Held Unlikely 


By the associated Presa — 
Osle 

Victor Reuther, American rep- 
resentative of the CIO in Europe, 
told a news conference here the | 
history of the Republican Party 
shows it is “not likely to nominate 
a candidate acceptable to U.S. | 
labor.” 

Asked how about Gen. Dwight 


: 
’ 


leave my statement as it is?’ 

Reuther said the ‘United 
States labor movement will be 
the decisive factor in the United 
‘States presidential election, He is | 
(on a two-day good-will tour of | 
Norway. | 


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nor Britain is a member of the 
European Defense Community, to 
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Equal Rights for All : 

Since all EDC members are to 
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issue mainly as a bargaining 
point and may be willing to 
change its attitude in exchange 
for. a French concession in the 
Saar dispute. | 

It is of interest to note, as a 
sign, of the alarm still existing 
am¢ng varioug French political 
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THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, _ BOSTON, 


THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1952 


By J. Emlyn Williams 


Contre: Earepes® ac nt of 
_ ‘The Christian Science Monitor 


Bonn, Germany 
While the signing of the so- 


“called “general treaty” to replace 


s aos Ag 


the occupation statute in Ger- 
almost certainly 
next few days, con-~- 


siderable concern is felt gabout 


“the treaty’s eventual ratification. 


Only the Social Democrats and 


Bmp or allies, the nu-. 


insignificant Federal 

Salon’ ib there also is still a 

possibility that the signing itself 
may be held up. 

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| in the . Christian Democratic 
Union (Chancellor Konrad Ade- 
nauer’s party) and the Free 
Democrats are a mere pretense 
of opposition against the Chan- 
cellor’s policy.” The two coalition 
parties, the Socialists allege, 
“have realized that Dr. Ade- 
nauer’s policy ig risky, but have 
not the courage to do more than 
roar... like the lion in Metro- 
Goldwyn- Mayer films,” 
Negotiations between the three 
Allied high commissioners and. 
i Dr. Adenauer, meanwhile, report- 
| edly have left fewer unsettled is- 
sues in the draft of the general 


summon. a ee session for the 
afternoon of we 23. They failed | 
to carry a. motion last week for 
a parliamentafy debate . before 
signature. It a seems very un~ 
likely that they can carry ‘such a 
motion May 23, since the coalition 
parties are opposed to it, They 
maintain ta Bee is plenty of 
time for the ial Democrats to} 
present thejr objections and alter- 
native propo to Parliament 
after the treaty is signed—as is 
the custom in of her cunese: magi 
democracies, 


: Socialists Hit Back 
The Social Democrats tor their 
part reply. by! saying that the!’ 


| ¢ign ministers during the coming , the legal position of a ‘reunified | position also are recognized by the 


week end than seemed likely | 
some days ago. 

After another day of liong- | 
drawn-out conferences interrupt- - 


ed only for a discussion between | 


the Chancellor and his coalition 
leaders on points in the text | 
which the latter had termed un- 
acceptable, it appears that even 
the problem of armaments fi- 
nancing has been -settled-—at 


least “in principle.” 
Progress Recorded 


Progress also was registered 
in the so-called “Germany 


treaty to be decided by three for- | 


clause,” which seeks to define 


Germany to this treaty. Both the 
|Bonn government and the oppp- 
‘sition partiés oppose binding all 
Germany to an agreement made 
by only part of Germany. Also, 
| the Germans are apprehensive 
lest any such development result 
‘in a future Germany being sub- 


| ject to an Allied control — 


such as in Austria. 

While it is logical that if a 
reunified Germany accepted the 
privileges granted by western 
democracies to the federal re- 
public, it also should accept cor- 


responding responsibilites, the 


| difficulties of the West German 


special session ds an embérrass- | 
ment to the government coalition, | 
since they declare it will show 
that Nobjectiong of a large’ group 


By Egon Kaskeline 


Written for The Christian Science Monitor 

Although united in their resist- 
ance against Soviet imperialism, 
the leaders of Turkey’s two great 
political parties—the Democrats 


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are at odds on most domestic 
issues, 

Party strife inside Turkey has 
grown so much in recent months 
that, in order to keep a tighter 
grip on opposition writers, the 
government of Democratic Pre- 
mier Adnan Menderes has intro- 
duced a new press bill that will 


470 Broadway, make public criticism of any 


Turkish Cabinet member a crime, 


—" é 


| punishable by imprisonment. 
Due to the peculiar distribution 
of seats in the National Assembly, 
the bill. whieh could be used to 
suppress all ie ao of public 
opinion unfavorable to the gov- 
ernment, is expected to be passed, 
In the 1950 elections, the Demo- 


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the popular vote but got 411 of 
the Assembly’s 487 seats, while 
the Popular Republican. Party 
polled 45 per cent of the votes but 
won only 60 seats. 
Western Slant Favored 
The Popular Republicans, led 


by former President Ismet Inonu, 


| State | ' nt James 


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‘though they complain that the 
| Democrats have failed to consult 
them on questions of national im« 
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WICKS ORGAN 
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>wers...| : 
| For. the | "u 
Day of Days ||| / 
theses A Loh AN 


and the Popular Republicans— | 


cratic Party polled 52 per cent of 


the nation’s basic industries, They | 


attempts to destroy the organiza-| 


pimed at entrenchirig the Demo-/ 
crats in power for an indefinite | 


People’s | 
‘tied out by the new government, | 


‘which threw out of office many 
\devoted and competent officials 


of the Democratic Party with little 
or no previous experience. 

The opposition was most re- 
sentful about the government's 
confiscation of the “Halk Evis” 
(People’s Houses) of which there 
are 2000 in Turkish cities and 
villages where the serve as centers 
of civic activities. The govern- 
ment contended that these 
houses belong to the nation and, 
thus,‘to the government in power, 
while the Republicans say that 
these buildings, are property of 
their party. The Republicans also 
protested against an alleged sei- 
zure of their party funds. 

Their newspapers now denounce 
the new press law as another step 
to muzzle the opposition and as 
“an undemocratic attack on the 
freedom of the press.” 


Extremist Groups 


the new press law may 


Popular Republicans, 


For some time, Democratic 
leaders as well as the chiefs of 
the opposition, have been dis- 
turbed by the growing activities 
of right-wing extremists, 

These groups have the support 


Tt must, however, be added that | 
not be) 
exclusively aimed at curbing the | 


of the still powerful Moslem 
clergy who resent the loss of its 
worldly influences through the 
reforms of Kemal Ataturk 
founder of the Turkish 
public. 


There are indications today 
that a religious revival is in the 
making in Turkey where the bulk 
of the rural population has re- 
mained deeply devoted to Islarn. 
Many 
hope to ridé to power again 
on the crest of this religious 
ground wave. Many of the same 
politicians aiso are chief advo- 
cates of a monarchic restoration 
which would return the Osman 
dynasty to the Turkish throne. 


A few months ago, the Turkish | 
Government had to adopt drastic | 
measures to quell the subversive 


activities of the “Tijanis,’ a Mos$- 


lem brotherhood of 


the “holy war” 
ernment ‘of “unbelievers” 


stroying monuments of Ataturk, 


The Turkish monarchists have | 
their mouthpiece in a periodical | 


Buyuk Dogu, published by the 
poet Necip Facil Kisakurek, 


reactionary politicians: 


allies. 

The | United States and Britain 
are understood to have no ab- 
jections to eliminating this clause. 
But France, alarmed about the 
possibility of future rearmed 
Germany leaving the Western 
European community, requested 
that the issue to be referred to 
the foreign ministers, 


[Allied officials in Bonn an- 
nounced the treat | 
ing on a reunited German state 
as well, the United Press. said. 
German spokesmen confirmed 
this although it had been reported 
earlier’ that the binding clause 


T”| had been dropped, ] 


Press-Control Bill Stirs Turkish Strife 


Grotewohl Hits Pact 


By the United Press 


Berlin 
East German Minister-President 


| Otto Grotewohl has declared that 
r@- | West’ Germany’s separate peace | 


treaty with the western Allies will | 


wreck chances for unification arid 
bring the country_to the brink of 
civil war. it 

Herr Grotewohl] told the Com- 
munist National Front Council 
May 21, that the treaty would 
“bring Germany into the immedi- 


Pact With West Soon—but Ratification Battle 


‘threat posed 
ty. will be bind-; 


{OOM} Teilored 
ate neighborhood of vil war and | to perfection 
a new third world ‘war.” 


He said «signing of the pact 
would be “the final blow” to Com- | 
munist attempts to bring about 
understandi — unity between 
the East and t German Gov- 
ernments 

A communiqué issued atter the 
council meeti 
‘Germany to rearm to ‘meet 
by the new tre 
“This hour of 


gency makes it necessary that the 
people of the (East) German 
Democratic Republic raise their 
own national defense forces,” the 
communiqué said. 


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59 


BATEMAN. 


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“THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY, MAY we 1982 | 


Verse xe Plays i in Cambridge 


‘Breute chen 
Does ‘Desire 
Under Elms’ 


By Edwin F, Melvin 
Eugene O’Neill’s harsh and 
bitter tragedy, “Desire Under the 
Elms,” had its first Greater Bos- 


ton performance last night at- pao & 


*_, the Brattie Theater in Cambridge, 
with. two policewomen reported 
in attendance to pass on its fu- 
. ture. Though it is now nearly 
30 years since the play made its 
debut in New York, there is 
still an abundance of dramatic 
power in its grim tale of a New 
England farm household in 1850, 
divided by hatreds and driven by 
passion for possession of the 
land. 

For the most part, the charac- 
ters are well acted by a cast 
mainly of resident players. But 

_ -dn places they seem forced close 
'/ <to the point of over-acting; and 


some of Henry Weinstein’s direc-. | <3 


tion, particularly in the panto- 
ware, seems overdone. 


ee RS 


Eben, the younger ‘son, is por- 

_  trayed by Paul Stevehs in a man- 

' 4 mer to suggest a glearh of some~ 
thing better, with a touch of the 
poetic in his nature. But his ac- 

, tions are ruled mainly by hatred 


of his father and by determima- |___ 


tion that the farm, which he be- 
lieved belonged rightly to his 
mother, should be his. 


Abbie, the young stepmother, | cap it is: 


who had married without love 
to secure a home for herself, is 


oe — 


played in changing moods .by {in t 
Priscilla Amidon, hard at first | | But not 
but softening later. She, like oe 


' Eben, is driven by desire for 
- possession. It is that which. 
- prompts her to seduce him that 
| ghe may have a son to inherit the 
farm. Even his response to her | 
is explained in part in this com- 


ed natures by his wish for re- 


ligion, . 
i PS op 


the play demands. 

The final scene is well acted | 
both by Miss Amidon and Mr. 
Stevens, as Abbie is given up to 


' the sheriff after the infanticide by Dana Brown, senior student in 
which she had hoped té prove her | the Bostdn Conservatory, will be 
love for Eben, and Eben insists | heard in @n organ recital Sunday 
on sharing the punishment for the afternoory at 4:30 in Emmanuel 

e rath oak Street. No 


crime, The country dance party 
a“ which _ _precedes this. scene sot oA 


oe = 
* ee oe ‘, e 
es a PS, Sui 


Lithorraph of Boston Public Geren by binhink Dunbar, at the Conubetiins Art Association 


3) f | i: E be rhart hart Work 


mes | modest ode from both poets and 
ee! public this week for continuing 
ithe service of letting poetry be 
bem | heard, 


eGjieven quality. But among them 

sax ' shone flashes of talent that war- 

i | rant the kind of encouragement 

mass | and discipline to be gained from ded suspicion 

ee, 42. | exposure to an audience. cit of between $4,500,000 and | of boss control, of —— bers 
| $5,000,000, even though fares ing or 


sentation, “The Visionary Farms,” I were raised 50 per cent, 


= 4. | Richard Eberhart has written a | 
eo. | frequently hilarious satirical por- | 
waew | trait of a jet-propelled go-getter, 
*.-| Hurricane 


=! with chickens,” says Hurricane. | 
. | He hires a chicken physician and 
orders a chicken cemetery where 
a selection of recorded cock crows 


will give the public continuous resumed, of 25 per cent from the 

: patronage of the bus lines before 
the strike began. In support of this 
drop he cited the experience of the 
Middlesex & Boston bus lines 
after the close of that company’s 


* entertainment. 


hart—as it did others in the au- 


scrneietiall crowded on a cot | 
stage, bug considering that handi- | 
killfuly managed. | 
Of the theme of the play 
is suggested by -a bit of stone wall 
he foreground of the stage. 
great deal of the sym- 
ith which the characters 
have sonjetimes been: interpreted 
comes through in the acting. For 
the most part they are done in the 
| realistic vein. 
nious diisbinis set has 
: weg Robert O’Hearn 
ist. | 10 ShOwFat the same_time the 
» plex drama of gnarled and twist- | Vi) nen and parlor of the farm- 
two upper rooms, with 
efore them to indicate 
rs and a view that is 


| “Desire Under the Elms’ 


been des 


- 
, 


, house ane€ 
; venge on his father. a space 


. Ephraim Cabot, the father, is the outdé 
' ably set forth by Larry Gates. | 4.<cribed at intervals throu 
gh the 
_ Though he may lack some of the | evening by one character after 
‘ physical vigor of which the man | another as “purty.” It is in sud¢h 
( , he suggests the fanati- touches & 
ism of the character and the | the dialofue that the play seems 
hardness that is Ephraim’s re- | most to indicate i its age. 


nd similar refrains in 


Boston Symphony Triumph 


Leom bruno Recital 


The two older sons, who dis- Rosemary Leombruno, pianist, | 

appear after the first act in search | wij] give her senior recital Friday | 

| of gold in Californie,are done by | evening af 8:30 in the Boston Con- | 

, Earl Montgomery and Paul | servatory Recital Hall, 31 Hemen- | 

~. Sparer in the bovine fashion that | bow Street. The public is invited; 
no admisgion charge. 


| Munch made a triumphant return 


Dana i Brown, Organist 


city of Strasbourg. 


[ PEuone sod 


IFES 


{vECOLE ‘LiFe 
N GREENWOOD “Mr. PookABoc" 


“ “PASSION i LIFE A MUST Si iz FILM’ “4 


| Music Hall May 26. 


‘the route. 


capacity house of French music 


et 2 | 


gene O’Neill, directed by Hen- 
ry Weinstein, with a setting 
by. Robert O’Hearn, costumes 
by Hope Meyers, and lighting 


Simeon Cabot ... Earl Montgomery nefarious schemes of certain white 
Bpnralen Cabot ........Larry Gates men, who aim to provoke war 
. Priseiiia “Amidon with the Indians in order to seize 


cast includes: Keith Memorial screen in * 
Eben Cabot : Paul Stevens Half+Breed.” 

Peter Cabot Paul Sparer 

Young Girl Jean Cooke ‘ 

Women, Betty Hunt, Jeanne Tufts, reservation lands, 

Sherif ........ ng fee Ed Finnegan 

Fiddler Dan Hamilton race. 


Parmers, Prank Cassidy, John’ La- 


By the Associated Press 


The Boston Symphony Orches- 
‘tra under conductor Charles 


to Paris last night before a cheer- 
ing crowd at the Theatre des 


‘Berlioz “Symphofiie Fantastique” 
and Brahms’ Symphony No. 4. 


{| The enthusiastic audience, | Mficers of the US. Army 
shouting and applauding, called their men in:and out of the plot 


Munch back 20 times duri the | at times when their presence can 
eng do the most good. Robert Young 


This concert was the third the | handles this role with less of the 
orchestra had given in Paris. The | 4ir of a southern gentleman than 
first two. were in the “Master-{|0Of a frontier-town gambler and 
'pieces of the Twentieth Century” adventuyer, 

Festival. The 110-piece orchestra 
\then toured European capitals, 
| playing in Belgium, Holland, West 
Germany, and in Munch’s native | rather effectively—with emphasis 
'on the former. His trust in white 

The orchestra is leaving soon| men, which leads him to do his 
for Bordeaux to play concerts | best to act as a peacemaker, 
‘May 23 and 24, and then will go| alternately warranted and. un- 
to London, where it is scheduled | warranted. There are scenes of 
to give a concert in the Festival | quiet courage when he walks into 
the midst of hostile frontiersmen, 

The orchestra’s tour—first time | and there are more rousing dis- 
‘it has crossed the Atlantic since | | plays of bravery as horses gallop 
iit was founded 71 years ago—has| and volleys of shots are ex- 
‘been an enormous success. It has | changed. 


evening. 


played to packed houses all along 
Last night’s concert attracted a 


lovers to hear the orchestra play 
a classical program. Its two pre- 


_ BOSTON “amovtes) 


LAST 3 DAYS 


4} CAROL CHANNING 


IN THE MUSICAL COMEDY SMASH 


GENTLEMEN 
PREFER BLONDES 
SHUBERT © EVES. 8:30 [77 
LAST 3 DAYS 


wruene CORNELL 
onan AHERNE © nice GEORGE 


in SOMERSET MAUGHAM’S Comedy 


TH Constant Wire 


with JOHM KMERY 


PLYMOUTH ROW "in oir" 


Oe ee OA a th 


GLENN FORD 
RUTH ROMAN 
DENISE. DARCEL 


_ 
~~ 


‘ _ BOSTON (CONCERTS) _ 


™ 


: Wis MHA Sy, My ra i, 


— — David Wayne 
Thel 


preg WRIGHT 


dience—to see and hear Hurri- 


Robert Young 
Poult dir soo stony | At Keith’s | n 
‘Half-Breed’ 


by Francis Sidlauskas. The Apaches are back again on the 


are thwarted 
Jo Ann Wilson by a truer representative of the 


It all has a rather: familiar ring 

sell, Kevin Riley fin view of other films seen re- 
% # | cently, but it is good rousing en- 
tertainment none the less, 
the Technicolor rendering of 
beautiful settings and Indian vil- 
Paris. a is, as usual, worth seeing in 


Among tried and true ingredi- 
ents in this bill of fare is the 
ihero’s background of Civil War 
‘Champs - Elysées. It played the/| Service as a Confederate officer. 

" This gives an opportunity for a 
display of mutual respect when 


Jack Buetel plays the: title role, | 
mingling Apache and paleface 
gestures, manners, and language 


There are further ups 
downs in the case of an attach- 
ment between the hero and the} 
leading lady of a traveling troupe 


vious performances were of works isa ane ke greta beg Biggs: 


by twentieth-century composers. seems, In righteous indignation 


he spurns her—but only to learn 
that the prevarication was to save 
a new outbreak of murderous 
ger Ry 
I iss Carter sings two songs, 
BOSTON (STAGE) one of them on two or three dif- 
; nh | ferent occasions, and there is a 
little dancing of the customary 
| frontier saloon-show variety. 
“Wall of Death,” 
is a British production 
dealing with motor-cycle racing 
in a fair-grounds 
with boxing and other goings on 
in the same. brightly lit and 
midway. Maxwell Reed, 


arouse some speculation over its 
meaning. 


| feature, 
noisy 


Laurence . 
Shaw head the cast. 


Finals in Play Contest 


Finals of the one-act play 
tournament sponsored by Com- 
/munity: Recreation Service: will 
| take place Saturday evening, at 
| 8 o'clock in New England Mutual 
Hall. After two weeks of elimina- 
tions, three playg have been se- 
lected to. be presented that eve- 
ning. They are: 
Tree,” an original play by Vahan 
—-| Tashjian boy Pig Prone a the 
production; e Studio Players, 
NEW YORK (STAGE) | *“Lawd, Does: Yah Cnasesian y 
| enacted by The Masquers an 
CURTAIN RISES 7:00 P.M. EVERY MON: |“The Devil and Daniel Webster” 
presented by the Temple Players 


‘ORGE BRITTON of the Cambridge Y.W.C.A. 


ed Friday evening, Timothy Cara- 
pace’s “Amabel” and“ Lyon 
Phelps’s “The Gospel Witch, or | of the Modern Schoo lof ! 

will be pre- | will be held in the Oval Room of 
the Sheraton Plaza tomorrow. 
arypursrivd pr the Be ents | $: 
‘ of costume design metchan- in: 
At Boston Conservatory dising ‘will model garments. tour || 
The Boston Conservatory/have designed, Other ents 
will act as hostesses. Graduation 
exercises will follow. Work ac- 
complished by the various stu- 


Speak If You Must” 
sented tonight and Saturday, 


Alumni Association will sponsor 
an evening devoted to three acts 
from ‘operas by Verdi on Sunday 
at 8:15 in the Auditorium, 31 | dents will be on display 
Hemenway Street, Tickets are on 
sale at the office, 26 The Fenway, 


Main. Offering 


By Rod Nordell 
The Poets’ Theater deserves a 


useum, Cambridge, were of un- 


or example, in the major pre- | 


tee WS 
It must have pleased Mr. Eber- 


cane come to life in the perform- 
ance of Neil Powell. Mr. Powell | 
can exaggerate the ring of au- 
thority in his voice just enough 
to make it ridiculous, 

However, his effectiveness 
diminishes when Hurricane seri- 
ously: reflects on the Hurricane 
philosophy that “success is a 
trick.” Hurricane’s main “trick” 
has been to embezzle more than 


The repercussions provide the | 
author an opportunity for com- 
ments on the nature of success 
measured in money and things. 
On the basis of one hearing, the 
play does not appear to offer 
fresh insights, Its dialogue, de- 
livered in conversational style, 
has the sound of poétry in an oc- 
casional image or in a series of 
lines with distinctive rhythm, 

From a dramatic point of view, 
more conflict is needed, The play- 
wright might have shown a 
closer connection between the 
principal action and the charac- | 
ters who are supposed to be) 
watching it with the help of a 
“consulting author” and his mag- | 
ic wand, One remembers how 
Shakespeare took care that the 
play-within-a-play in “Hamiet” 
should bear directly on the main 


story, 
tee eat 


Here the characters show no 
change after they have witnessed 
an “everyman” tale that might 

to them. It may be Mr. 
rhart’s dl that people are 
not likely to develop, But this 
view needs especially striking 
treatment, Barrie did something 


of the sort in “Dear Brutus,” Dever Signature 


Jeanne Tufts and Frank Cas- 
sidy directed “The Visionary 
Farm” in a way to make the 14 
scenes slip by fairly smoothly, 
considering the difficulties of pro- 
duction involving a temporary 
stage with floor boards resound- 
ing loudly enough sometimes to 
drown out voices, The characters 
commenting on the action from 
seats in front of the stage were 
virtually inaudible, Among help- 
ful players were Robert A. 
Brooks, Sonia Grant, and Paul 
Priest, the last of .whom did a 
noteworthy bit-of pantomime asa 
barber, 

, ee Se 


Cid Corman’s “The Center” 


rumbling of the boards, and with 


cryptic script at least served to 


The three plays will be repeat- 


Seizure Issue 


Massachusetts 


ings of the legislative pat Rarw si 
on judiciary and transportation. | 

At the opening session, the | convention date, publicans 
prospect of a deficit ulting | throughout the state be busy 

state operation of the bus | preparing for the conclave. 

lines took shape, Question then 
davetopes whether this should be 
assessed against the cities and 
Last night’s three one-act plays, | towns served, or paid by the 
resented in the court of Fogg state. 


| Departme 


Ransome whose he oe 

, crease. The application for higher 
| dreams of success take shape in | 2 
}| a model chicken farm of epic pro- fares was based pn Ue. eapects 


portions. tion that a wage increase of 13 


r | cents an hour would be given the 
We want the land carpeted employees, Mr. Mulcahy said, 
The union since has turned down 
a 15-cent raise. 

He forecast a drop n daily / 
riders, when transportation was sometime, 


_communities in the Eastern Mass- 
|achusetts territory also indicated 


Governor’s signature is necessary | 
to make the sowie law. An emér- 
opened the program, Without the | gency preamble has been attached 
oe g ed to the measure making it effective 
more rehearsal, V. R. g’s di- | immediately upon the Governor’s 
rection might have had an in-| signature, rather than after the 
teresting surrealist quality, The | usual 90 days. 


the next step is gubernatorial ap- 
pointment of the three-member 
The evening came to an amus- | authority. It is anticipated that 
ing close with Alison lurie’s | William F. Callahan, State; Com- 
“Smith: A Masque.” A kind of | missioner of Public Works, will 
vaudeville sketch in rhymed 
verse, this offering showed &/ authority, although he will re- 
graduating college student (Tom | 
Kennedy) faced with careers rep- 
resented by Juno, Venus, and 
Minerva, played with a comic 
flair by Frances Sternhagen, Al- 


ceive no additional salary. | D-FM 96.5me 

The authority then will pro- | 3:00 p.m. to 9:00p saeeane ae WHAC. 
ceed with appointment of | 
engineers and consulting engi- 
neers to survey the prospective 
lyn Moss, and V, R. Lang, The | traffic load and the most feasible 
gag came in : round in pede 
the three goddesses promote ertak 
“stocks and bonds,” “book of —_— ne ym woitg i 
verse,” ‘and “Ph.D,” respectively. 


route for the road, the 


ning tomorrow at Boyiston | 
Street, : : 


’ hear- 


recent strike. | convention. ) 
Members of the ward and town traditional 
$450,000 in cash in the bgnk, he | committees were elected at the | 
reported, following with the ques- 
tion whether the Governor would | From their ranks will be chosen 
take this money if he seized the | the delegates, 
A total of 890 delegates and 631 
If the company sued the Com~ | aiternates will be named by the 
monwealth for damages incurred town and ward. comniittees. 
clon, dr. Moleatey ‘sat * ait addition the 80 members of the 
DE ion r | Republic te t 
a million dollars from his frieiids. | take two or three years before it |  dected ie te eri Poesia b 
got any results from resort to the | will be delegates by virtue” of the convention entirely 


The Eastern company hak about 


bus lines. 


In Fogg Court come SE oer (aang te opens 


ber election. 


means of developing a strong, 
balanced ticket 
the sincerity of the ae eauaben in 


The first figures on the losses io samen’ fale and alinanont a of 
that might follow state seizure candidates who fail to gain con- 
were given yesterday. by Charlés | ven endorsement 

W. Mulcahy, general counsel of 
the company, He forecast a defi- 


the endorsed slate. 
Any well-j 


tion, to be held in Worcester on 
June 28, has pare in motion for 


convention schedule comes on 
June.2, when Republican ward 
and town committees meet in 
their respective areas throughout 
the state to organize and elect 
their delegates to the Worcester | y 


April 29 presidential primaries. 


From now until the June 28 


Its ‘success or failure as a 
et will depend on’ 


to work for 


means or another, it wreck ‘the | 7th 
The company petitioned the | high purpose of the conclave. 
t of Public Utilities | That purpose is, as leaders have 
last December for such an in- | stated, to develop a slate of can- 
—— “who ¢an win in Novem- 


To Be Held June 28 


The machinery for the conven- 


The first big event in the pre- 


courts. 

At the executive session, Rep- ! 
resentative Arthur J. Sheehan (D) 
of Brockton offered an amend- 
ment to the Gevernor’s seizure 
proposal to prevent assessment of 
any deficit resulting from state 
operation on the city of Brockton. 

Representative Harold C. Nagle 
(D) of Fall River and Harvey A. 
Pothier (D) of Haverhill an- 
nounced they would support the 
Sheehan amendment and similar 
provisions regarding their com- 
munities. 

Other committee members from. 


they would strongly oppose any 
deficit assessment on cities and 
towns in the area, 

On the other hand, legislators 
from communities outside the séc- 
tion served by the bus lines wefte 


ready to oppose a possible deficit _ Thursday, May 22 
being made payable by the state/ 1:55pm. a by . Cute. 
as a whole. 4:00 
The. two leaiatatiys cominittees : $18) | 
met this et ¢ “to con-~ $30 ' =. 
sideration of their report on the} $7?) : | 
Governor’s seizure legislation. 6:30 a.-kae rocher; Larraine Day 
6:45 p.m.— Hi 
‘7:00 p.m.—' 
‘7:15 p.m.—Music 
‘7:30 p.m.—Songs of the West 
ie Hof amet aod. Sane Gracie Allen 
‘Due for Toll Road) 32-25 7° 
9:00 p.m.—Man Against Crime—drama. . 
—— - | 2s ome sere aa 
State House a. 10:20 p m.—Crime Photo's wae 
woe dpa Dever” Z ee was ti: 35 Dm ieller Darty. ene cd 
awai today on legislation au- : 
thorizing construction of a 130- WBZ-TV, Channel ‘ 
mile east-west toll road; from/|. Friday, May 23 
Boston to the New a state Soe smc-Test bathers” SGiarroway 
line, 10:00 a.m.—Prologue to the Future. 
The measure, setting up a {0:30 a.m. —Breskiast Party—Mel Martin, 
Massachusetts Turnpike Author- | {1:30 an_—It's A Problem -Ben Grauer 
ity to undertake ,the gigantic | 12:00 noon—Ruth Lyons Show. 


SR teneas07saneeaetie 


ae 


Television i: 


WBZ-TY, Channel 4 12:30 . 


os hmcthe Sobied Degee Oh 
- m.— ny ow, 
700 o m.--itate ° 

:00 p.m,—Hawkins Fa 

ae p.m. 2 | Hayes. 

730 p.m.—Howdy Doody. 

:00 p.m.—Roundup ‘Time. 

[15 p.m.—News with Victor 

:30 p.m.—Back Porch Experts. 

00 p.m.—Sidel with Elbie Fletcher, | 
:15 p.m.—Nigh Newsteller. 
-30 p.m.—The ah Ghore Show. 

‘45 p.m.—John Cameron Swayze. news. 
:00 p.m.—Grou Show; guests. 
-30 p.m Headline Clues—Bili Slater. 
:00-p.m.—Dragnet——mystery drama. 

:30 p.m.—James Melton and guests 

- Pp. Po nme te ge Private Bye. 

p.m. 

2:00 p.m.—Tales of Tomorrow 

30 p.m.—News; Night Ow! Theater. 


WNAC-TY, Channel 7 


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project, has been enacted y both | 


the House and Senate. Only the 


Once the measure becomes law 


WLAW- 93.7me 
6:00 a.m. to midnight- e as WLAW. 
WHD 94.5me 
serve as chairman of the new 00 mts St es ei. 


Fashion Luncheon Friday 
The annual fashion luticheon 
Design 


ASTOR eo 


SEATS 305 THA 12:30 0.m. 
HUMPHREY: BQGART MANLERE DETR : s 
ETREL BARAY | Y Eves, 8:40, Matinees WED. and SAT. 2:40. 


ef JAN de HARTOG 


HE FOURPOSTER 


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GERTRUDE LAWRENCE 


SYMPHONY HALL 
CO 6-1492 


TONIGHT ot 8 :30 


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¥ REPO: 


= grt OSCAR HAMMERSTER 
$Y. p: ae, ©, 44 ST. Eves. 8:25, Mats. EIN 2nd 


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Music by 


‘AND i 
RODGERS 


OARTHUR FIEDLER 
CONDUCTOR 


- Soloist—LEO LITWIN 

ee Every Thur.-Fri, Sot. and Sun. 
- a May 

’ _ Tickets 50, $1, $154, $2.50 


Secsgarm 


Bay Savings Bonds 
os apenas: 


“T30. 


Th ily. mUsiC RALL™ 
Rockefeller Cenrer 


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DESIRE UNDER - 
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} axe, Mon, 8:98, Sat. 6 and 8 


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Sympb Hal—Boston Pops, Arthur 
"Piedier conducting. 8:30. 


6 ee ig Be 1 
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Poo Bp “Gentlemen efer Biondes,” 
Carol Channing. 8:30. Sat. mats. 
State—"Girl in White.’ 11:45, 3: 10, en 

9:55. Man With Ideas,” 


Gates, 8/30 


Films in Boston 
Cg? ts Appel 


Astor—“With 
_NEW YORK (MOVIES) Bescon’ Hulr~"creen r,s 


Bite ae ser ane gg Larry 


Entertainment Timetable 
sk? vd "thas ne Scar: das with 


,” 0:36 
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Women.” 11:10, bis. §:10, 8:10. 

* 10°40, 1:16, 4:00, 
6:50, 2:38 “A Yank in " 


720. 
“High Sierra,” 9:35. 1:10, 
8:00. “To Have and Hare Not,” 
138, 2:50, 6:20, 9:46. 


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92.9me 
9:30 a.m. to 12: :01 #.m,—Same as WBZ. 


5:00 p.m. to 11:00. 


@:45 a.m. to 11:30 
¢:00 a.m. to 1:00 a.m.—Same as WCOP. 
1:30 p.m. to 9:00 D,m.—-Same as WEE], 


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THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE, MONITOR, BOSTON _ THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1952 


{ 
t| 
wi 


Panes Eases Traf 
“But Tagged Auto 


By Robert C. 


| -- Steff Writer of The Christian Science mb TT 


nforcement.of no. park- 


ee eae ti ‘at one of the | 


most congested areas in the city | 
ioe improved traffic .conditions | 


virtually 100 per cent, but brought | 
a storm of protests. | 
Restricted areas have been kept 
»-Clear on Washington and Court 
Streets in the area surrounding 

nd . the the cy Hall annex in the vicinity 


? of Scollay Square. 
‘One of the most heavily trav- 


© eled sections of the city, Police 
« Commissioner Thomas F. Sulli- 

“ * van and James J. ey Deputy 

the 
Division, today labeled conditions 
there “next to impossible” before 
the strict enforcement of parking 
, Tegulations. . “ 

: Snagged by Double Parking 


Traffic from State Street and | 


© Atlantic Avenue feeds up through 
Court Street toward Scollay 
Square amd Tremont Street. Cars 
were being bottled up by double — 
as in areas that are marked 
“no parkihg at any time. 

‘Protests against enforcement 
“of the present regulations have 
come mostly from disabied vet- 
serans who report for medical, 
‘examinations at 17 Court Street 
sand from city officials and em- 
«ployees who. with special regis- 
«tration pilates, sdy they should 
be immune from parking tickets. 
+ Police officials are-in complete 
-erans, but they point out that 
_their job is to enforce the laws. 
» as they are written. 

. At the same time, it has been 
- pointed out there is an off-street 
. parking lot directly opposite 17 
Court Street that very seldom is 
filled to capacity, and there is 
~ another parking lot directly be- 
‘hind the VA building. 

Meter Spaces Available 

. Within one biock of the build- 

«ing yesterday while police were 
Warning all motorists away from 
‘ restricted areas, Mr. Hinchey said 
there were five parking spaces 

“available at meters. | | 
pathy on’ city employees, who! 

fying them as city officials, and 

who expect special parking priv- |: 
ileges. 

He expressed the same” feelings 
toward the parking problem 
around the State House where 
most of Beacon Hitl is reserved 
for legislators: and State House 
employees. | 

“I knew some of those fellows 
before they got into the State 
Howse and they couldn't afford 
the left rear wheel of a “Tin Liz- 
zie.” Now they have Cadillacs and 


want. special parking spaces for | snsurance 


themselves and their friends,” 
said Mr. Sullivan. 


Jem in this 
pointed out 
Traffic } 


| inddrenie 


| Fire Insuranke Company, 
Spoke in Bostpn last night, 


‘our fellow 


+ sft oy Se ara 


an Knot, 
sts Howl 


- Maye nes has called a con- 

1: the Beston Traffic 

Commi i an effort to help | 

the véterans; ‘with special “V” | 

registra ites who must re- | 
/port at. 17 C Street. 

At the samd time, Mayor Hynes | 


recorded hinjself when he was _ 


temporary =m in 1947 and 
during | his jpaign for Mayor, | 
as favoring | er parking laws | 
and st “snd enforcement. 

The + Real Estate Board 
made a fot y of the traffic prob- 
igity in 1950, and 
‘that complete en- | 
forcement of traffic regulations | 
would relieve to a great exten} | 
many of the \worst traffic bottle- | 
necks in the HHub. 

The Massachusetts Safety Coun- 
cil has} taken! the same stand on 
several| occasions with an all-out 
drive in 1947 for Greater Boston. 
It worked as: Jong as the drive 
was in effect.) 


amma 


Parley | 
Hears Appeal For 
Old NE. Virtues 


All of New] Rngiand’ s economic 
problems could be solved today 
with “the revival of the spirit of 
frugality, integrity, workmanship, 
and service, ané to another, upon 


| 


which New Kngland was found-| 


ed,” actordin 
ner, president, 


to Percy W. Gard- | 
Providence Mutual 
who | 


The occasidn| was the celebra- | 


tion of the 2D0th anniversary of 


the founding pf mutual insurance 


by Benjamin iF¥anklin. Attending 
‘the dinner, 


whith was a part of 
the nationwide wbservance of -the 


-establishment) of the Philadelphia 


Contributionship, a rmutual fire 
insurance company still in exist- 
ence, were more than 500 mem- 


‘bers: of Massadhusetts and New 


England insurance firms. 


Mr. Gardner: urged the busi- 


* wr. pessmen of New England to ac-| 
Mr. Sullivan wasted no sym ‘cept the challenge “to rekindle | 


‘have platés on their cars identi- | the spirit upon: ‘which the. nation | 


was founded.” The New England | 


‘spirit ig responsible for the found- | 
ing of mutual’ ifsurance-—founded 
‘on our fundamentals of indomita- | 


ble perseverance and. service to| 
mer,’ 
Other vag England insurance | 
leaders: at e: dinner included: 
Frank R. Mul lamey, vice- president | 
and secretary, ‘American. Mutual | 
Liability . InBupance Company; 


Wallace Falvéy,:president, Massa- 
'chusetts 
‘Comrehyv: 


Boriding & Insurance | 
Faiward A. Larner, 
president of} Employer’s Group | 
Companies, and 5.) 
|Bruce Black; president, Liberty 
| Mutual waa 5 9 = f 


WGBH | to Air 


| Lanathan, will speak on “Authors, 


| American Industry at St. 


. Third Lecture 
In Art Series 


rn anlar tegen nee 


ene et oe tr 


Radio Dialer and TV Guide 


The third lecture in the Bos- 
/ton Museum of Fine Arts series 
‘on “American Art from the Rev- 
‘Ojution to the Civil War” will 
be broadcast over WGBH-FM 
Friday night at 7 o’clock. 

The lecturer, Richard B, K. Mc- 


Critics, and Patrons.” 

On the same station, at 8:15 
'p.m., a concért by. the National 
| Gallery Orchestra will be broad- 
cast, with Richard Bales con- 
ducting. Program includes El- 
more’s Litany for Orchestra; 
Bales’ Suite No. 2 for Strings; 
Lavender’s Two. Movements from 
Suite for Small. Orchestra; Thom- 
son's Tango Lullaby; and Rosa- 
Vietor’s Madiolanum, 

A complete recording of Verdi's 
opera, “Simon Bocanegra,” will 
‘be broadcast’ over WBUR-FM 
Friday at 7:30 p.m, 

Representative Franklin ~ D. 
| Roosevelt, Jr. (D), of New York, 
will be interviewed by three CBS 


Washington radio news corre- 
spondents on CBS-WEEI’s “Cap- 
‘jtol' Cloakroom” Friday night at 
10705. 

A. recorded talk by William J. 
Grede, president of the National | 
Association of Manufacturers on | 

“Local Responsibility and Flood | 
Control,” delivered at a meeting 
of the Midwest Congress of 
Louis, 
Mo., will be. broadcast over 
WNAC Friday at 3 p.m. 

Bill Hahn will interview Louis | 
Chiaramonte, Jr.. Roxbury Me- | 
morial High School | senior cad 
Unitarian Service camper in 
Harlem recreational project, an 
| Matilda Moore, committee execu- | 
tive of the American Unitarian 
Association, on his régular 12:45 
‘p.m. program over WNAC-TV 
Friday. 

John Daly will have as hi 
'guests on Friday's “It's News t 
| Me” panel news quiz,. Laura Z.: 
‘Hobson, author, . and Russel 
Crouse, playwright, over WNAC-} 
TY at 9: 30 Pn m, 


Former Polichusah Asks 


Writ of Habeas Corpus 


John J. (Tiger) Young, former | 
state police lieutenant who is 
serving a two-year sentence at | 
’ Deer Island for the fatal shooting 
| of Thomas H. Rivers, whom he 
| mistook for a jai] breaker, was re- 
fused a review of his conviction | 
‘by the United States District 
| Court. | 

Judge George C. Sweeney said | 
the former. police officer had not | 
exhausted -the remedies open to 
him in the state courts. 


ii and 


‘can be done to avert economic 


Party. Merits Cited at Chamber Session AFL 


tion tt) estry: out’ these axioms. 


Campaign inducements of both 
political parties were dangled be- 
fore an estimated 1,200 persons 
at the Sheraton Plaza Hotel today. 

Senator Homer E. Capehart (R) 
Indiana expounded on np worth 
of the Republican Party in a de- 
bate with Oscar R. Ewing, federal 
security administrator, who spoke 
for the Democratic Party. 

Erwin D, Canham, editor of The 
Christian Science Monitor, was 
moderator of the debate which 
featured the 43d annual meeting 
of the Boston Chamber of Com- 
merce. By vote of the members 
today, the chamber becarne the 
Greater Boston Chamber of Com-. 
merce. 

Upholding the Democratic- rec-. 
ord, Mr. Ewing ‘credited the ad- 


were cited by Mr. Ewing: il 
age retirement insurance; 

ployment compensation; ack Vien 
men’s compensation; minimum 


These } | 
ple of yi security,” he sai 
describing security as “an eco- 
nomic umbrella against a rail 
day of destitution.” He declared 
“this is the first time and we 
are the only country in the entire 
history of civilization where ho 
ares has followed a big 


Senator Capehart founded the 


ministration with “building a 
floor of security” against economic | 
collapse. 

Sees Expanding Prosperity 

Business will fare better in the | 
next four years under a Demo- | 
cratic administration, he said, be- 
cause it “will continue a positive 
economic policy of a secure and 


expanding prosperity.” - | 
Senator Capehart stressed the) 


American. free-enterprise system 
as “the greatest asset we have,” 
and which “made us the greatest 
nation on earth.” He warned that 
this system will be lost “4f we fol- 


‘low the philosophy of the New 
Deal,” 
everything on the almighty dol-| 


which, he said, “bases 
ar.’ 

It is- not the laws which the) 
Democrats have passed but “their | 
attitude toward the American 
system,” Senator Capehart said, 
“which eventually, will break our 
private-enterprise system.” 

Senator Capehart charged that 
the Democrats “are teaching class 
hatred , .. that the American 
system of government is obso- 
lete. President Truman said only | 


‘today that-he has the power to | 


seize private property in emer- 
_gencies. This is the same as Hit. | 
‘ler, Mussolini and: similar. dicta- 
tors taught.” 

Prosperity of today, he contin- 
ued, is based. on World War I 
Korea. This statement 
brought loud applause. 

Democratic Viewpoint 


Mr. Ewing advocated another 
Dernocratic administration “be- 
cause the Democratic Party has 
developed a pattern, a policy, and | 
a program of economic procedures | 


| that has given our present pros- 
| perity a sure footing and a con- 


tinually expanding horizon.” . 
Defending the administration’s 
policies, particularly regarding | 
the averting of the depresSion, | 
Mr. Ewing said that “something 
collapse.”. He based his statement 
on two axioms: 


_Capehart Manufacturing in 1929 
_and the Packard Manufacturing 
‘Company in 1932 and two other 
businesses in the electrical and 
machine-tool fields, 


He operates a 2 400-acre farm | 
at Washington, ge The deo agg ve 


Mr. Ewing. sivihiads of Bas 
vard Law School; ‘has been fed- 
eral security administrator since 
1947. He was associated with the 
New York law firm of former 
Supreme Court Chief Justice; 
Charles Evans Huges in 1920. 
The former assistant chairman of | 


the Democratic National Com-/} 
mittee was made a special assist- | 


ant attorney general in 1942, 


While an assistant attorney }: 


‘general he handled the govern- 
ment’s case against Robert Henry | 
Best and Do Chandler, who- 
were tried for n—and found | 
guilty—in the federal court at 
Boston, He advocated national 
health insurance in a report to 
President Tyuman in 1948 entitled 
“The WNation’s Health—A Ten- 


Year Program.” 


AMA Head Sys Interest Lags | 


Interest in compulsory health 
insurance has declined greatly in 
Congress and among the people 
generally, Dr. John W. Cline of 
‘San Francisco, president of the 
American Medical Society, told 
‘the Massachusetts Medical Society 
at its annual banquet in Boston 
last night. 

, Actually, there never was any 
public demand for such legisla- 
tion, Dr. Cline declared. He 
termed the desire for it an arti- 
‘ficial one built up by certain per- 


sons for their own purposes. 
There is. no likelihood of any 
law-making on the lines of gov- 


ernment health insurance in Con: | 


gress at this session, he added. 


The reaction agaist socialized | 


medicine he attributed in part to 
the opposition 


being given to the public by medi- | 
cal societies to present oa eta | 
‘against doctors. 

He reported that more than 864. - 


In Compulsory Health Plan 


000,000 persons -were now covered 


ance, while 65,000,000 had surgi- 
cal insurance, and 28,000,000 med- 
ical and sur ‘ical insurance. 

The president of the. AMA 
urged doctors to take a greater 
interest as citizens in politics. He 
did not mean by this that the pro- 
fessional medica] societies should 
go political, he said, but-that doc- 
tors should act as ‘individuals or 
in. conjunction with other groups. 


They should begin by influenc- | 


ing elections and even run for | 
office if they see fit, he continued. 
Doctors generally do not take an 
active part in civic affairs, he 
warned. If they do not become 


of physicians to) 
government control of medicine, | 
the rapid growth of voluntary in- | 
surance plans, and the opportunity | 


interested in politics, then poli- 


tics will soon invade and destroy | 


them, he declared. 

He warned against socialism in | 
‘government and efforts to social- 
ize medicine, 


a 


Redwood Shows Uniqueness 

The red color of California’s 
redwoods is caused by chemicals 
'which are not believed to exist 
i\in that combination any other 
place in nature. 


by some kind of hospital insur- 


“The executivg } council of the 
‘American F tion of Labor 
decided unanimously here today 


‘Berlin meeting of the Interna- 


: | hich: helped to 
‘found the I and 

‘much of its work as exce 
took this step as a protest against 
‘some things the ICFTU is doing 
‘which the AFL, deems too social~ 
‘istic. 

| The executive council also 
heard Oscar Ewing, federal se- 
curity administrator, urge its 
help in trying to overcome objec+ 
| tions to the ‘social security bill 
\killed in the Hotise this week, 
‘The. legislation would provide an 
‘increase of $5 a month in soeial 
security benefits.) 

The council agreed to work for 
the enactment of the legislation. 
Jolted by AMA Protest 

The bill, which was introduced 


chairman of the House Ways and 
Means Committee, appeared due 
for ¢ertain passage until the 
American Medical Association ob- 
jected. The AMA held that certain 
‘provisions of the section relative 
to cases of total and permanent 
disability opened the way to so- 
‘cialized medicine. 

In addition, the executive coun- 
‘cil approved the recommendation 
‘of President Truman for the ad- 
mission of 300,000 more displaced 
persons, at the rate of 100,000 a 
year. This proposal is now before 
'Congress in the Celler bill, 


As. the last major move of its 
concluding session, the council 
declined to go along with its 
Puerto Rico branch, the Federa- 


To Probe Situation 


The AFL determined to send 
some individual or committee to 


Puerto Rico to investigate thé 
' situation. 


:| Of Trade Union 


| . 1 By Frederick W. Cart 
pwr o ream Bae 


not to participate in the coming | art 


by Representative Robert L, 
‘Doughton (D) of North: Carolina, 


j tion dof Labor there, in opposing | shipments 


‘the new Constitution for Puerto 
Rico, which is now up in Congress, 


ney, 


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ICFTU |} 

ber of 

satisfied : 

‘ Sets Forth Complaints! 


to the executive council 

AFL, he (continued, the . 

gave i 

particula 

as a statement of @ mem 

ting fo its views of the) way 

the organization was being run 

and its complaints. .- | 
Mr. Meany emphasized that the 

AFL still 

coetimad be a member of the 

ICFTU. I was pl a, ap- 

proxima . | The 

AFL has 

yet to co 


fund of Br ICFTU, he 


For sot NPA Form 185 


Time for filing National 
duction, Authority forms 1 
which inyentories, receipts, and 
by distributors of 
cepper-wire mill, and brass-mill 
products pre rogervens has been 
exterided to June 2, at r vee of 
industry m 
regi | the 
United - States Department of 


sen soe ap at Boston an- 


“— — 


RESTAURANTS 


NEW YORK CITY — 


ew 


GBS Bee Srtrtnds 


“That the puyr- | 


chasing power of the masses must | 


be maintained; that we must es- 
tablish a floor of security under 
our economic system below which 
prices would not drop.” 

Measures of the administra- 


usren To—THE [CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR VIEWS THE NEWS” — 


Z With Erwin D. Canham every Tuesday night at 9:45 D.S. T) 
over the ABC fcogst-to-coast network 
and these New England stations. 


WMUR 610ke 


WEDNESDAY—WRUL 4:30 
WRUL—4:30 


WSTC 1400ke 
WLAW 680ke 


p.m. D.S.T. (2030 GMT) 15.95 mc .(19 m band) | 
p.m. D.S.T. (2030 GMT) 11.74 me (25 m band) 


WEEI-590ke-CBS 


WLAW -680kc-ABC 


nd 


WHDH-850ke 


WBZ-1030ke-NBC 


WCOP-1150ke 


WNAC-12@0kc-MBS 


WMEX-1510ke-LBS 


ee et ee 


a +4 Hilltop House: sk. 
arty—Art 

Linkletter: News 

3: 45°C Cari Smith: Music 


Ladies Be Seated 
Mary 


ladies Be Baied 


Marlin: sketch. 
Evelyn Winters: sketch 


Red Sox-fleveland ..«. Dlfe Can Be 
i€Fi 
. Pepper You 


Road of Life: sketch 
ngs Pamily 
Richt to Happiness: sk 


Popular Recorded Music 
Popular Recorded Music 
Popular Recorded Music 
Popular Recorded Music 


Beaytiftul 


Brave icago Cubs . 
prea 

Braves-Chicago Cubs.. 
Braves-Chicagzo Cubs.., 


: | Sports Matinee 
leago Cubs., 


Sports Matinee . 


4:00 Boston Matinee .. 
re 15 Music: I Believe . 

wives Yankee Kitchen 

Yankee Kitchen 


Magazine of the Air 
Thy Neighbors Voice.. 


Boston Balirgom ..... Back Stage 
Boston BalirGem . 
News: Boston Ballroom 


Boston Ball 


‘Wite: sk. 
Stella Dallas: 
Young Widder Brown 
Woman in My House 


Young Timers’ Club... 
Young Timers Ciub .. 
Young Timers’ Club 

“ACS. Theater” 


sketch 
Brave 


Braves-Chicago Cubs .. 
Braves-Chicago Cubs .. 


Braves-Chicago Cubs . 


News: Sports Matinee 
Sporte Matinee ' 
Sports Matinee 

Sports Matinee . 


s-Chicago Cubs . 


:30 House 
1:45 tective League 


Big Jon and Sparky. 
Commuter’s Specia! 


Boston Bd irépm Sh 
Boston Balirépm 


Just Piain Bill... 
Front Page Farrell 


High Pive at Five ..... 
High Five at Five 


Braves-Chicago Cubs .. 
Braves-Chicago Cubs .. Roundup T 


News: me Matinee 


Phil Christie. m.c.._. 
Commuter'’s Special 


ws: Bogtog, Ballroom 
Ballroom: Bal} Scores 


Chick Morris Quiz Show 
“The Doctor's Wife’’ 


News: High 5 at 6 .... 
High Five at Five... 


Braves-Chicago Cubs... 
Braves-Chicago Cubs 


Round-Up Time 


‘\ News Comments 


kson News 
der. news 


News Comments 
Weather: Sports Report 
Brandeis Univ.: Or 
Gemeral Ridgway ad- 


Niews Roundup: Sports 
Bing Crogby { songs 
News: Cuft foray 
“#5 Star Time” 


News: Ken Maver. news 
Leo Egan: sports 

G. Harwood: Weather 
Three Star Extra: news 


Records: Old Salt 

News: Recorded Music 
Popular Recorded Music 
Popular Recorded Music 


Yankee Network News 
Jim Britt Spts Roundup 
Cisco Kid: sketch 
Cisco Kid: sketch 


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THURS! 


Prudence R des 
The Bus | Hy 


ef SHOULD so-like ta have two aes and 
five hens,” said Prudence. | g 
‘Ann laid down the dictionary 5 ech 
“Two kittens and five hens?)Why 
“A man on the bus was talking ho yes 
terday about his little hopse ‘in |the -i 
__ tty. ‘I bought five hens,’ he said, _ -“ 
” two. dozen lovely eggs a week ftom 
It sounded so nice and farmy and een | 
And, just as I was getting off at my stop, he 
said: ‘And I've bought the children.two kite 
tens. Two kittens aren't twice as; much ton 
“as one kitten, you know, but a hundred.” 
times as much fun.’ I've ‘been wist®il ever 
since.” fod Be 
“Well, you’ve got a perfectly adequate 


dog and a de luxe, beautiful cat now, whieh | 


___take a lot of your time, Ain’t you ever §ats_ 

sfied?” Ann, our bookworm, loves to break 
into the vernacular. “Anyway, | I’ glad 
you're riding on the bus again, so You ree 
tell us things.once more.” | | 

A tp 5 : Ht .. 

Y nodded agreement to that. Since ive 
women in our neighborhood had clu 
together to buy a tiny car, we had é ne 
everywhere in it: to town, to market, as it= 
nics, to do all sortsrof errands. Before at, 
it had been our pleasure every once if a 
while to have Prudence tell us the things 
she heard from her seat-mates on the bus, 
The rest.of us had always said we could, BO 
to Lake Louise or the Yellowstone Park and 
back on a slow train, and still hot pick | up 
the information Prue could gathet in a ten 
minute ride from the naltway-atation to the 
end of our street. 
» “T’ve been listening to records once ih a 
while in the music store at the Circle, and 
J can’t let you wait while I decide,” Prue 
exclaimed: “And-it is good to gét a little 
outside culture, for a clfange. Now think! of 
how g00d a boiled egg, fresh from the nést, 
‘would taste for breakfast with just a dab of 
butter, a pinch of salt, and ten fpecks | of 
pepper mixed in.” — 

“Oh, quiet, Prue,” said Julia. “You ii ndve 
us all keeping hens, and I, personally, hate 
the things!” | 

“I like toast broken up in mine,” Nell shid 
dreamily. . 

Ann was leafing euronies: the dictionary 
again, “It’s preferably squolar,” she said. “I 
never can think whether that word is pto-~ 
nounced squojor, squalor, or squalor.” 

“I hope my prospective heris end kittens 
and the look of this living-room didn't Rut 
the word in your head.” Prue said. 

“Oh, you don’t want any hens and kit 


Greeapantapneee—nitpehy voit 


U 
' 


Brimming Sun 


eg et a) 


Like:a waterfall, the sun 
Is spilled among the budding trees. 
So nearly is the valley done | : 
With daylight that, above the frieze’ 

Of elm and maple, grey and red, 

| Above the westward birch and pine 

| The waterfall of light has shed. | | 
| Its downpour. Now the hill’s design | 
ts filigree: the leaves in bud | 
_And light behind them in a flood. i | 


MARIAN GuEASON 


ee and ‘security are ours) for- 
ever when we understand how 
divine Love ‘teally “careth for its 
| thie have long sia | ‘this 
priceless assurance and are now 
finding it through a great new light. 
shed on the Bible by the a 


1 i) 


bbpatadhndinlmsad idence soe at os na WP. ait toyed ax " 
GE ak sah Soe - 


ee 


_ I suppose,” 


worth, ‘the © 


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“ 
ry 


God's et 


hs Written for The Christion Séience Moni 


WITHIN recent years the colloquial 


terms “haves” and “have nots,” used to 


hy. describe those abounding in possessions 


,. By Courtesy of the Cleveland (Ohio) Museum of Ars 


A PEervuvIAN Parntep Crotu: Late Chimu Period (1100-1400) — 


“it. was jong enough for: Charlotte's 


tens,” was Ann’s answer. “You'd. be too 
tied down” to take all those little jaunts 
we've planned for this summer.” 

“What else have you learned on 
bus, Prue?” Nell asked. “I never hold 
mouth open when. peeling onions, or clean 
a soiled book cover with cool water, that 
! don’t bless you for your bus rides.” 

“T know,” Prue said. “Other people seen 
te know so much more than we do. For 
instance: you should never beat fudge until 
it has stood at least a half-an-hour after 
you've. taken it off the stove. And you 
should never use commercial fertilizer on 
your pots of English Ivy. And a man told 
me, if you ever take a trip through the 
Everglades, you must carry chocolate bars 
In your pocket!” 


the 
my 


he po - 


“I never know how to pronounce comely, 
and it’s such a nice word,” Ann said. “It 
says here kumli. I'll try to remember that. 
And I wasn’t thimking of the word be- 
cause of remembering the looks of a calico 
and a tiger kitten in combat over an empty 
spool.” 

“Oh, two. kittens! There is nothing more 
winsome, appealing, fascinating—” 

“Mischievous,” Julia put in, 
searched for another extravagant 
“unless it’s two puppies.” 

“But, Prue, what about chocolate 
in the Everglades?” I don’t expect to go, 
but-what do you take them for? To feed 
them to the alligators?” 

ia ae. 

“No, to give to the Indian women who 
séw beautiful, gaudy patchwork skirts and 
jackets with little hand-sewn machines. 
They sit.on huge tables; in fact, they live 
on tables, to keep out of the mud, This 
man told.me all about it. If you pay a 
little money, you can go into their com- 
potinds, or whatever you call them, and 
see how they live. He said his friends had 
never seen any of, those Indian women 
smile. But he knew what to do. He said: 
“Knowing women and presents, I puiled 
some chocolate bars out of my pocket and 
passed them around. Those squaws ‘didn’t 
just smile. They laughed.’ Now, who knows, 
we might just happen to go through those 
swamps sometime and what a nice thing 
to know! I’m wild to go, since this con- 
versation on the bus.” 

“Maybe we could drive down next year, 
Julia said, “A Tech professor says we're 
going to have a cold ‘winter, and he ought 
tu know, A nice trip to Florida! We'd swap 
our cream-puff car for one of our hus- 
pateas cars, sO we could take some lug- 
gage.” 

“And put the children in an orphanage, 
Ann said, 


Pe 4 
“You see pink herons, or swans or ducks 


or something, and alligators and strange 
hanging air-plants in the tops of trees, 


Prue 
word, 


while 


bars 


- 


_- my friend said,” Prudence murmured. 


“Where would your five hens and two 
kittens be then, Prue?” I asked. 
“You know,” Prue answered, 
think about it, I guess I'll just 


“come to 
imagine: I 


‘is fodder for 


have them. Like.a Harvey—Pick up that 
wool down there at your feet, Nell, before 
the kittens get tangled up init!” 

“It isn't in the dictionary,’ Ann 
“But the way you pronounce it is 
lated . , . paxilated ,.,. pixilated!” 

a Gre. eee 


said, 
puxi- 


Indian Agriculture 


‘Inprians’ day is: from dawn to twi- 
Often they start their daily work in 
Before breakfast they chmb 
mountain fields’ to 
still 


THE 
hight. 
the darkness. 
the rocky trails to their 
plow and cultivate: while the dew is 
on the ground, or to harvest while the 
morning sun is bright and warm, for by 
noon stotfm clouds may gather, cold winds 
begin to blow, and the misty Andean rain 
shroud the pdramo uplands. Five o’clock 
in the morning, and the farmer is on his 
way, driving his oxen before him and 
carrying his wooden plow on his shoulder, 
He is followed by His wife, carrying a hoe 
and his ¢mall son or daugater, shouldering 
a bundle of toasted corn for an early meal 
in the flelds. . 

The Otavalo indian. like all the Indians 
of the inter-Andean plateau, is above all a 
farmer, His forefathers have worked the 
land from earliest times. Long ‘before the 
Incas came they cultivated maize, several 
types of beans, potatoes, and ‘bitter little 
cherries.; The Incas brought new. varieties 
ol root vegetables, yucas. ocas, sweet pota~- 
toes, and peanuts, Later the Spaniards came 
with a great variety of plants, especially 
cereals, vegetables, and fruits. 


Variety of crops in the Andes is deter- 


mined not by seasons, but by altitudes. In 
the valley lands and the moist lake shore, 
almost all the crops of the temperate zone 
flourish——corn, beans, squash, and. garden 
vegetables of many varieties are grown, As 
the fields spread up the mountain, the 
ground is drier and the nights cooler. Here 
corn, beans, and peas are the main-crops; 
but, as the fields ascend, wheat and barley 
take the place of corn, And still higher, 
where these European grains will not 
grow, the native Andean grain, quinoa, still 
flourishes. Many kinds of root vegetables 
are grown, the -varieties changing with the 
elevation. Finally altitudes of ten and 
eleven thousand feet stor even the Indian 
farmer. In these highest fields the only 
piant that will mature is a tiny potato, no 
bigger than a peanut... . 

The corn flower and the upper section of 
the stalk are cut about the 
March, to prevent the strong winds of April 
from blowing down the platts. The flower 
the cattle and is often sold 
in the market. In April the first ears of 
green corn, choclos, ase ready. From then 
until the plants are dry, a jar of green 
corn is never lacking at the Indian fire- 
place. By July or August the several 
varieties of beans have been harvested.— 
From “The Awakening Valley,” by Joun 
Coiiier, JR., and Anibal Buitrén. Copy- 
right, 1949, by The University of Chicago. 
The University of Chicagé Press. 


middle of ” 


THIS PAINTED cloth is a Peruvian textile 
of the late Chimu period 1100-1400. The 
Chimu Kingdom lay along the coast of Peru 
from the Chira Valley to the Patavilca Val- 
ley. There, in Pre-Hispanic days, textiles 
were woven on small looms. The primitive 


_ technique served the purpose of weavers 


throughout Peru for many centuries, The 
variety of methods developed for producing 
decorative cloths is surprising. Besides the 
plain’ cloths, there were double cloths and 
meshes, Tapestries were brocaded and em- 
broidered. 

Sometimes plain cloths were decorated 
with painting in free hand upon the surface, 
or by stencilling. The earliest examples oi 
painting and resist-dye on cotton cloth come 
from Peruvian sources, | 
. Decorative pattern derived from observa- 
tion of, or concern with, nature, Sometimes 
it was descriptivesas in the cat-like and 
bird-like figures, or in forms Of demons or 
monsters. There were aiso conventionalized 
motives peculiarly effective and expressive 
in. the textile structure, 

Most of the fabrics woven were prepared 
for articles of clothing, although some pieces 
served for household use, such as curtains. 
The pattern of dress seems to have been the 


same for the rich as well as the poor, Mem- | 


bers of the tipper. classes were privileged, 
however, to own the elaborately designed 
and more sumptuous weaves. 

Experts seem to agree that Peruvian tex- 
tiles are among the finest achievements in 
the history of the art of the loom,.compar- 
able with the subtiest manufactures of 
Persia. 

_DoroTrxy ApLow 


in, contradistinction to those who have 
little of the world’s goods, have acquired 
considerable popularity. So widespread 


is the belief that the world is comprised 


of the favored and the slighted that 
' whole ideologies, which: usually promise 
their adherents more matter as a pana- 
cea for the woes of the downtrodden, 


have been built up around it. Countless 
men and women, many of whom do not 


‘subscribe to such ideological doctrines, 


have consciously or unconsciously clas- 
sified themselves under one heading or 
the other, 
ee eee 
Christian Science is showing men that 
no such division exists in God's uni- 
verse, and is enabling them to prove 


that He is the source of health, har- , 
mony, security, peace, joy —of all for 
‘‘*which men long and which they say 
they have not. It is doing this, not by’ 
|, promising men a greater accumulation 

of matter, but by giving to them an un- 


derstanding of God and His creation. 
Based wholly on the Scriptures, this 
Science is demonstrated from the prem- 
ise that God is ever at one with His 
idea, man. “Spirit is the only creator, 
and man, including the universe, is His 
spiritual concept,” explains Mary Baker 
Eddy, the Discoverer and Founder of 
Christian Science, on page 32 of her 
book “Unity of Good.” 

Recognizing and acknowledging this 
“spiritual coricept,” or man, as his true 


identity, the student of Christian Sci- 


ence accepts without equivocation Paul's 
statement (I Corinthians 7:7), “Every 
man hath his proper gift of God.” And 
he knows that God’s gift of abundance, 
joy, health, peace—of life itself —is 
made manifest in human experience 
proportionably as one does God's will. 
How to do the will of God is explic- 
itly set forth in a sermon anyone may 
read. Matthew has recorded its text in 


-the fifth, sixth, and seventh chapters of 


his Gospel. There purity, loving-kind- 
ness, forgiveness, humility, self-immo- 
lation, trust in God, are discussed, Each 
is commended to the reader as worthy 
of adoption. Yet this sermon consists not 
alone of exhortation. It is rich with the 
assurance of him who knew God more 
intimately than any other, who knew 
himself to be the Son of God, So it is 
little wonder that this sermon of Christ 
Jesus’ assures us that we can fealize 
lasting treasures; that our daily needs 
will be divinely supplied; that cémfort 
and mercy and spiritual satisfaction are 
at hand; that if we but seek “‘first the 
kingdom of God, and his righteousness,” 
we find “all these things shall be added 
unto f[us]” (Matthew 6:33). 

Christ Jesus preached no idle words, 
His deeds attested the veracity of all 
he said. And he ‘preached: not for his 
day alone; the truths he voiced are for 
men in every age. Long before he de- 


his fellow officers was to be 


livered 


| unlimited, spiritual nature 


these wor pen 84: 11): 
will give 
will he wit! 
uprightly.” 
Christian Stientists daily. 

One C ian Scientist | 
the abundance and impartiali r0d's | 
love for was a United States Atmy — 
officer during World War II. At the time 
he was attached to an Air | | 
tioned in 
zation provit 
officers of 
The Scientist was told that sgon 


This i 


tfit, and he, because of his 

rd, would receive thé t 
made available by the va- 
hen the opening occurred, 
received the pro tion and 
the wider rtunity for service it in- 
cluded. The Scientist,” who had dha 
his wife of the er rm tm 
told her in a letter of the gern 4 
developments. He spoke of it wi 
rancor or complaint and Yoiced his 
gratitude far the spiritual f Tas in 
reality, he was in God’s and this 
service qpiails no loss. 1 4 : 

BARS . 

When she received his letter his eal 
too, had only a clear sense of God's: 
impartial love for each of His ideas; 
She turned to the Christian rience text< 
book, “Sciehce and Health with Key ta’ 
the —— ”" and read words 
by Mrs. Eddy on page 258: “Man re= 
flects infinity, and this refle¢tion is the’ 
true idea of} God. God expresses in man | 
the infinite idea forever developing it- 
self, broadening and rising higher and 
higher from|a boundless basis.” She saw 
that because her husband was, in his’ 
true identity, God’s perfect idea, who is: 
eternally developing from “a boundless 
basis,” he could never bé frustrated or 
restricted; that his opportunities for: 
service were limitless and God-gov- 
erned. 

linenddiabilig she wrote her husband, | 
calling his attention to the words quoted: 
above and assuring him of unshaken. 
confidence in God’s control of their lives,; 
Long before that letter had time to reach: 
her husband overseas, the : 
one from him on which the 
dress bore the rank he had 
ised. And she learned that 
the promotion been aw ‘oe hus-' 
band,.but itthad. not been taken from 
the other icer, who also penta a 
higher rank. | ! t 

“In divine) Science,” Mrs Eddy sat 
sures us (ibid., pp, 12, 18), “where: 
prayers are mental, all may’ vail 
selves of God as ‘a very t help inl 
trouble.” Love is impartial and unwer' 
sal in its sa aa and bestowals.” | 


to another 
excellent 

higher ran 
cancy. But | 
someone e 


Shakespeare's 


Genius Was Revealed in His Imagination | 


Pa 
is S 3 
# 


A MipsuMMer-Nicur’s Dream is’ one of 
the lightest and in many respects the most 
purely playful of Shakespeare’s plays: Yet 


it is surpassed by few if any of his early. 


works in its importance for an understand- 
ing of the unfolding of his genius, It is 
characteristic of its author that he should 
have chosen this fanciful dream-play 
through which to annotnce for the first 
time in overt and unmistakable fashion the 
conviction that underlies every one of his 
supreme Tragedies: that this world of sense 
in which we live is but the surface of a 
vaster unseen world by ‘which the actions 
of men are affected or overruled, He had 
already in The Comedy of Errérs ‘hinted at 
a witchcraft at work behind events. But 
that_at the moment seemed little more than 
the author's apology for the amount of 
coircidence in his plot. Now he begins to 
explore the causes of coincidence. Not until 
the end of his career, in-The Tempest, was 
he to treat this theme with such directnegs, 
net even in Macbeth, ... The congruity, 


‘in spite of their'differences, of A Mid- 


summer + Night’s Dream with The 
Tempest is one of the most striking demon- 


strations ‘of the continuity and integrity of 


Shakespeare's genius that his works afford. 
' There are two passages, as distinct from 
incidents, in A Midsummer-Night’s Dream 
that perhaps above all others embody its 


central theme. Each enhances. the other. | 


The Home 


T ’ 


at Haworth Was One of Freedom and No Fear 


CHARLOTTE WAS to. go to school again. 

The giris, sewing in Aunt’s room, ‘stitched 
et the new collars, the new nightgowns. 
They were: not many; and the time needed 
for all the preparations was not long. But 
: smal 
Jace to shrink smaller; to whiten, and to 
show deep smears under the big brown 
eyes. 

She went about the house in- the ‘grip 


_of tetror. Emily could ‘hot remember any- 


thing. very clearly of the months at Cowan 
Bridge; Charlotte did not forget an item 
or a detail. They were buried alive in the 
recesses of her mind, overlaid,- -displaced by 
the absorbed contentment of ‘the years 
which Had owed. Life at home, at’ Ha- 
om and the security in 
the small, tight circle of loved _ famil- 


' jar faces. 


When) the time came that the parsonage 
at “Haworth was a landmark, a curio, a 


: 2 tateet for sightseers, one visitor said of it: 


4 joy: can never have entered that house 


a vikes it was built.” But the speaker was 


wide of the mark; It has been too easy to 
see “that house” as no more than the bleak 
aie ugly place which it undeniably was, 
and ¢hildhood in it as something against 
nature, Easy, too, to present Papa as 


| warped domestic juggernaut, The: picture 


is out of drawing, if only because it is 
constantly presented in accordance with 
the standards and ¢odes of a later day. 
There was nO Warm nursery and no en- 
veloping tenderness. . . . But, if the life 
ai home nat physical comforts, # held 
certain elements whose value to children 
ii would be difficult to exaggerate. There 
was freedom: and there was absence of 
fear. Papa treated his children’s minds as 


a mt , 
~- . —9 


A bandoned Farm 


ons SON Ee ONE Re, 


rafter, ceiling, floor and a circle of ‘rooms. 
Now, in the ruined garden edging the wood 
wild blooms. 


Only the $piders spin 
their. webs on a crumbled wall, 
silence the final tenant, and a thin 
dust covers it all. 


Here‘is where the hause stood, 

Now it is| gone, is a| myth, is a dream in 
space. bes 

No one re¢alls how long ae solitude 

has claimed this place. 


au: Manouumes.vmn Anant 


bodies. 


dread, And she 


equals of his own, even if he had limited 
ideas. concerning the care of their small 
He had a quick temper—but so 
have most Irishmen, Aunt was a trial, and 
her stuffy, inviolate room represented dull- 
ress and duty, but she was no figure of 
was, attually, the only 
figure for, whom Haworth parsonage was 
the dungeon which too-partial ‘eritics have 
made it out to be forthe rest of the 
household, She relinquished a cheery, 
chatty existence in the mild climate and 
beauty of Penzance to immure herself in 
the bitter north among a population who 
were. little better than’ savages 
shrinking eyes. She made her three mother- 
less nieces into women. who could not do 
even, the homeliest household task. other 
than faultlessly. She loved the wayward 
nephew and Branwell loved her dearly in 
return. ... 

She ‘lent them money, left them. her 


savings and her little personal treasures, 


and, being no fool, left her favourite noth-~ 
ing, since Branwell had by this time proved 
himself a spendthrilt. .. . 

A household of ‘freedom and no fear. 


There have. been children in comfortable 
homes wha did not have those privileges.—- 


From “Immortal Wheat,” ty Kathleen Wal- 


lace. Copyright, 1951, —— Wallace. ae 
G, P. Putnam's Sona, 7 


in her 


One of them, Theseus’ well-known speech 
on the imagination at the beginning of Act 
V, has always been accorded due impor- 
tance, The other, oddly, though almost as 
universally praised, has generally been 
looked on as a kind of digression, a purple 
patch that justifies itself by its own beauty 
rather than through any particular perti- 
nence to the rest of the play. The lines have 
been widely and deservedly acclaimed for 


their sound. But their euphony is only one 


aspect of their miraculous quality. The 
passage is the one in the first scene of Act 
IV where Theseus and Hippolyta, just as 


the dogs are about to be released for the 


hunt, speak of the music of the hounds in 
words that by some magic catch and echo 
that very music itself... . | 

‘It is as nearly perfect a metaphor as 
could be conceived for A Midsummer- 
Night's Dream itself and for the. incompar- 
able counterpoint with which its own con- 
fusions and discords are melted into the 
“sweet thunder’ of a single . musical 
effect. ..., | 


was only too well aware how dia initia 
tion can to we in the face of ineluctable ‘ 
fact. “The course of true loye never | 
run smooth. “ ot quick — things ¢ 


) 
What, indeed, is more insu 
a midsummer-pight’s dream? 
about this time, if not from 
he never lost faith in “ 
the power of imagination 
the lead of life|into its own ta, Mer 


into the valleys, this faith in him, it 

Hippolyta’s words, to “something: of great : 

constancy.” Is it any w after ne) 

miracle that Imagination had performed): — 

through him inthis very play?+—From ‘Tt Ny . 
: 


more, if with some ebbings, 


Meaning of Shakespeare,” by Harotp 
Gopparp. Copyright, 1951, By ' U 
sity of Chicago, The University of Chi¢ 
Press. ; 


‘ 7 
- * 
§ 


Shakespeare, in this play and elsewhere, 


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WHERE ART MEETS FISH MARKET — 


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8 

Dia Edler: 

a 

I have just mailed you a package of sketches 
gleaned from a junket up Monterey way. This, as 
you know, has to do with the ANTA- Monterey 
Drama Festival, which went on for nearly’ two 
weeks, Unfortunately, I did not get word to hop 
to this assignment until the event was almost icon- 
cluded. I only wigh I could have been there nearer 
the first. 

At any rate, I was able to enjoy myself. not 
only with the theater activities but with the 
scenery, which ‘is something I had never come up 
‘against in all the years I have been calling myself 
a Californian. No doubt you have seen the rugged 
coastline, with those.emoting trees twisting them- 
selves in dramatic contortions for miles upon miles. 
Well, it ‘takes a lot of theater to attract one’s atten- 
tion away from the natural environs, and yet I 
witnessed some plays which added ~ to kv sae 
while occasions. ‘ 

r Maier tea | 

When the sardines made their sudden exit from 
the Monterey scene the theater came to the rescue, 
and right on cue. 

That is the dramatic short story behind the re- 
cent festival, Besides thriving on its reputation as 
a tourists’ paradise, the harbor of Monterey always 
has been famous as a fishing center, mostly) be- 
cause of the sardines, which apparently appre- 
ciated the coastal region as much as the foot- 
loose folks from all parts of America: — 

But some time ago the ocean. pulled one. of its 
amazing now-you-see-it-now-you-don’'t tricks by 
having all the sardines vanish completely to parts 
unknown, This quick-disappearing act left: the 
fishermen holding their nets and staring per- 
plexedly into the sea. | 

But the spirited Monterey citizens decided not 
to wait ‘for the return of the sardines. They went 
into a huddle, and came up with the idea that 
since this area always had. been theater conscious, 
why not create a drama festival which would in- 
clude all the theater movements of northern 
California? 

The result of their inspiration was a tull-week- 
session of dramatic productions which ranged all 
the way from the “Wizard of Oz” to “Macbeth.” 
Responding to the call to art came small theater 
groups from various towns, hamlets, and big cities. 


OV THE MONTEREY WWARE 


a ne AO RENE tel A 


a 


Acting as the mainspring to this enterprise were) 
the local Wharf Players, a successful theater out-’ 
fit whose plays have long held statewide atten-: 
tion, Their stage is built out on the fishermen’s 
pier, where fish and grease paint wtp perfectly. 


Anyone attending a performance 


emotion emanating from the play 


backstage! | 

The same can be said of the fisherf of the area,’ 
who keep. busy with their deep-sea’ fishing; they,) 
hing forth on! 

their wharf. And why not? They’ré both in the’ 


too, have grown used to actors hok 


same business—throwing out lines! 


But |as to the serious side of the festival, let it 
be said that all in all the event has miade theatrical’ 


history at a time when the boards actoss the coun- 


try are indeed very squeaky. Every effort on the’ 
part of devoted theater people ft out the; 
country will help feed the starving New York stage;’ 
possibly not directly or immediately, but such’ 
activity inevitably assists in k g alive the 
medium which in- its present state gasps for: 


imagination, : 
Foremost among its contributiong is the 
of keeping small community theaters 
Not that anything of a startling n 


here in Monterey; nevertheless, w was accom-| 
plished in\the area of ideas and interes proved | | 


the venture worth the time and thought. 
ye Ie . 


The brobherly attitude of ANTA (the America| 
National Theater and Academy) not! only Becrngsr | 


but was indeed visibly present in 

its vice-president, Clarence Derwent. Mr. Y Derwent 
spoke at one of the several i ve .seminars 
on the subject of the ‘importance’ jof the small 
theater, 

Taking Careful note of. this, next ben's festival 
results should prove much more cohesive and high. 
It would be good to report that the lic. 
the show houses like sardines, but puch was not 


the case, although -they were. well attended. For’ 
the most part the local inhabitants responded to: 


this er of theater in en numbers. 


Bhi 


ae oie aetind Rk RES, MY Day me tds ati MDs oa ea hn 


in this com-/ 
pact wharf theater readily gets uséd to hearing} 
the heckling of the seal and the sea gulls out in’ 
the bay, even as indeed do these creatures in turn) 
become accustomed to-the sudden’ outbursts of 


* 
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_THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, "THURSDAY, MAY 22, 


: 1d 
- y ‘ : 
} CLASSIFIED 
J ’ 


: | 


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ing qualifications end experience. ; eS | apt.., ey e n.; — nlgg! ie oon _, Phone 8967. . l-day service, free estimate his willingness to enter a coali- Nor vat ha hen ot juvenile ‘Belin: 
es J 5 ~ s tor.; June ept. 7.; refs. exe ow- = ry : . "HE BEACON MATTRESS COMPANY ; ; isti He ex B ég 
SNGINERRS—Per areoanormnips as Cee a) ees | bridge 6-1718 eves. BU evened RENTALS | 902-204 Biue Hill Avenue, Roxbury. Mass. | tion cabinet with Christian Dem-| quency and te parents, 
West ast, aaeee —_, Bast: a ! Fe | FURNISHED ‘two ——— apesneee, wane BRIDGEHAMPTON. ~ Sbereine dante] GA 7-906) J: | ocrats and other center parties nor even give Us findings . in 
500-87 000. ifications oo a o ss tet June to Sept on 
‘Heathers Agency, Eest Lansing Mich. | | Memorial Dr., Cadibridee ‘Mass. Apt 2-7. American home, hewly remodeied Six | MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Ww ithout Communists. This has led | relation to the small-town fath- 
bedrooms, four baths. Lovely large living | / some quarters to forecast im-|ers and the back-roads sons, 


aoe ee 


NERA AN for first class! | ee ee a 'N. ¥. C.—Pronr July 15 ‘to Aug. 15; 4- “room | ‘room pictur indo th ocean , 
wane erie epemaL espployment. mar- | i Authentic Pplouiat counts home: bailt) Baik Ave. apt: 1 thock from subway and @| \tewl.All sue.’ 14 Boetggaent garbage di >| ACCORDIONS — to 70% Discount. ew pending dissolution of Signor | Which would have made a more 
Becton Mew 1.00.3:90 PM. Monday @Stéplaces-tione in kitchen: 7 rooms; auto-| nished sleeping room” for 3 ta 900 posal. § -firepiaces, Outside dining ter-| gntee. trades, rentals, terms, through im:| Nenni’s party’s close working al-| Valuable study of contemporary | 
Boston, “Macy. matic off beat; new two-car garage: . - | Page, Beautifully iund completely tur. | Ta ay See ais 6939-66 St. iiance with the Communists. | family relationghips. Instead, he 
At ugi —_ ; 4°2 acters tile grommd; near severa ay os ‘wey me : . | hoo , .rumans oose- 
HELP WANTED—WOMEN eine. ineluging Williamsport; $27,500, Ad- Park Ave., ur. 86-—2 rm, apt. comp.) . Sn ste ee see tae ng, gol GENUINE CREMONA CELLO. 1700/8. Others less sanguine believe Sig- | Chooses the and R 
_ Stes “Wille ete.” Box 141. Dewart, Pa. fura. (3 studio beds) to Sept. 15 all ine.| RNG Yoin's “Coicter Call BO 4-4338 of | attributed to’ Rugeri, certified by Mils| nor Nenni is merely performing | Velts and éleven other eminent yer, 
OPPORTUNITY NOW OPEN 1 PILL. PENNSYLVANI {geen en. TR BOOP} zg) Write Grant Layng. 111-36, 76th Ave..| and Arnolds, London, Two bows by Henry| the role. assigned to him in a father-son combinations. As a re- as well as an 
' he, ANIA {SUBLET June 10 ta Oct. 10, furn. apt, | Foteqt Hills, New York | and Dodd Wooden case. Prige $10 . sult his book As more dazzling 
| BAN PHILADELPHIA rms., 2 baths, glagsed-in porch: $159. Al aats Cryer, 1140 Clovelly Terrace. “vietoria, current Communist maneuver. 
<a 


Si) : 4 those picture windows frame Ate. 7 
If you are @ member of ‘a “ue Gent view of rock garden and BOSTON. ‘MASS.; BROOKLINE ae “room | ML. PHILO INN AND COTTAGES 
etitibin ‘Srtnace chewed end} , athe patio leading from. the furnished apt. ‘for Simmer months, Box! 
Ch if su H-65, One, Norway S8t.. Bosten 15, Mass. fe ae pont to Mt, Philo State’Park. one mile 


| ! Ob, MASS. —beautiful small cottage, B. . 
The Christian Sart Pleasant View pve House» 6 years old. de Ta peat LO Sid. i. es lofely iy, garden, avericokine water. .AL- C. iS + grag Boog Rr ar he - ; 
ord, Hampshire . 2-Car garage with sun-deck. ; ——G airy rms, ( -| tractively furnished, all improvements. | AINTIN e . 7 
Home, Cone New | Livi 24°x15". 3 large bedrooms, rms.) furn. June 15-Oct.15 or loner. $130! Month. Season, Year. Garage. 2 minutes; P GS i, —ithe centrist election coalition, With the Boo Edito 


~ 


, h, breakfast room. Tiled kit- mo, Ref, exch. 622,Ontario Apts. HU 4479. | bea Box 191. West Dennis, Mass, Tel.| - ,, ; isti 
Help ‘Needed in 8 Harwich 357 M4. A thing of beauty is a jor forever” thereby assuring Christian Dem-~ 


mn, moint. electric range, Frigid- 
Housekeeping Department ediored ti B stall shower, "bends val .} APARTMENTS FU /RNISHED CAPE COD—Spacious all-electric cottages Worst Saree canine Soles ocrats and their allies a substan+ 
¥ i on bay. Central heat. Priv. beach. Month!pisptayed in Forest Hills at e Biee| tial majority. Mediator of this ef- 


Reply: Personne! Dept., Administration ndsca BOSTON, MASS., Kenmore 8 i 
@.—Completely or season. Sunset Acres, Truro, Mass, _ : 
Bide aeons bal aaa sty Price $26,500 renov. studio apt., comb. liv ;-bedrm., mod- DARIEN, CONN —£-7 ee ea tg ro Pron ap: waimntedlgg + 0 yy nena fort was the prelate, Don Sturzo, By Olive Deane Hormel 

= HALVORSEN ernistic kit. and bath. Excel. manage. $75. or Phone BO 8-9003, 3 aE founder of the Catholic Populace Book Editor of The Christian Science Monitor 


Owner, days, CO 3- 3212; eves. AS 71-5988. looking Sound, 3 bedrms., den, 2 baths 
. Party, forerunner of the Chris-| While we were surrounded well as three Stevenson fav he 


Re RNS 3 
; . eee new | 6 Dish | washer, clother washer, Adjacent 
if you would like to cssociete yourself |, = + orfptt Road, Drexel Will. Penn, (N.Y. C., Park Ave. (90’s)—Attrac., furn.,} Srivate b h. ideal swimming. One hou PAINTING AND DECORATING | -. ; wit : 
the enn $00 August only, oF : tian Democrats, which Mussolini | with colorful and alluring books Island, Da 


with the watk a6 The Princigls ond have | ea 6 rooms, 3 baths, June-Oct., possibly) pbommuting N.Y. $600 August only, or! a. Fi A 
’ longer, $250 mo., summer. LEhigh 4-6990.| 51 109 from June 8 to Labor Day. Box) PAINTING — DECORATING dissolved, and Luigi Gedda, leader | for children a short time ago— 


completed «a course in institutional ‘ —_ = ; 
mongement, with o degree in foods, | | TWiSTA, CALIFORNIA NS) Y. C.—Large apt., 1, outside rooms. 3%; (A-@l, 588 Pifth Ave.. New York, N. Y.,.) In All Its Branches | of Catholic Action. es, even barti ded b th 
you moy be interested in the audio . aes Fjiving in most uniform climate| baths. Sell furnishings. ere bring good or phone DArien §-0686 The Better Class of Work D S ted ith y Vv Ca y em 
of dining room hostess and assistont | bay our six-aere avocado ramch.| income. $156.09 mo. LE 4-8 hae WinimouaA aS N. K.—July ten. | C.BIELSEN = HEmpstead (N. Y}) 7-470 | VON Sturzo negotiated with va- |—there penetrated those rainbow- 
to the dietitien, .which will be open RB. home, all-electric kitehen:|>—y C., 113th, Bway and ee room! tal, ‘Stone House” beautifully loc. on ig. meeps rious monarchists and nationalists | hued barricades, a communica- by 
June 15th. Address Miss Annebel Kelley, irom town. 5,000. Owner. Route 2 "Box 29. partiy ‘furnis shed to-op. $3,200. mt. $58 pri, pstate: comf. furn.: 5 bedrms.. 2 PIANO TUNING with the aim of excluding neo- | tion which for want of a better ie} Wilcox Smith was | ‘our 
Household Moneger, Principice Coliege, A —.* Houghton. 12 West 4ist St reet. LE 2- ‘9600, paths; fireplace; s¢reened piazza. 2 rm. PL LPP PP LPL LLLP PPD fascist roups for the combined | : : } ; , ; 
Eisch, tlinois, & ACRES, § ROOM HOUSE on macadam uest cottage: boathouse in secluded cove. EXPEST TIINING ana repair service tree groups for designation I shall call “the plaint thildhood favorite. of 

road, All Modern cony., including heat- “APARTMENTS UNFURNISHED x %-66, 988 Pitth Ave., N.Y.C. 36, N.Y estimates given within 20-mile radius slate, but negotiations failed. Don ‘of a parent.” It ran as follows: ‘ith Eugene Fieldls 
ASSISTANT SUPERVISOR of Lake Mountty Gidver, ¥U: Write S| ‘ ~nnonewennne| MARBLEHEAD, MASK.. near Peach Point—| BR“ 27 C“ps Sttigg® (> ™ © SS | Sturzo retired back to his mon-| « "Not long ago, I went into a close 's 
In clerical department of approximately 100 ‘Hrohi oo ve ’ or MIDDLEBORO, MASS. - Unusually attrac-} (Modern functional home °30 foot living, | — ~ ‘astery, andthe monarchists en- |. ie : 

en, aeeport. vt. | | . tive, spacious apt., heated, gas stove, elec.| room. continupus picture windows, gor- | PRINTING | ‘eral i Sepasines alliance with a Fifth Avenue book store to 

| | : : purchase children’s books. "There 


} stablished fi 
Erowid be Soeasented yg Hob perreil aaa | Looking for 8 Real) Homesite | Norway St, hi ate ica Box M-S, One, | geous et two ome. a Bacay 
< : Pe z MAINE? i aTw Ly t oston id, Mass | |terrace Wi view, Ways coo CE Ze ' 
wae Wine See $0-have Shines Mens 86 Ser | hed Orvenadies in s-|— —— | \Garage. Rental: one month, $500. Season DIAMOND STAR PRINTING | Co, 4 w.| the neofascists, One cam seemed to be dozens of strange 
as work with people. Write fully to Box een . NEWCASTLE-DAMARIE » oster issued by the Liberal P. - 

F-19, One, Norway St., Boston 15. Mass COTTA, Lats 100x150 to 150x500, facing APARTMENTS TO SHARE | $1.00) Phone A. B. Gleason, Marblehead | N.¥.C. Comm.. ial | printing | Pos y warieties. It had been ‘many. 
aaa e Sean ig gupervice four small (ive. Writetharles P Green, 626 N. E. 16th) ~~. ER 0182 between § and 8 P.M. _ina. ichurehes, etc. F. 9: Berillo.. Ht 3-8353.' shows an Italian general and, ad- sere eines Ii had locked in 
care four ars weokiy. No house. |4%¢~ Fi. L&hderdale. Fla, or your broker.| BOSTON, MASS.—Will share my apt. with (ORE EANS, MASS.—Charmihg old Cape Cod RUBBER STAMPS | |miral standing before a neofascist } ildren’ | artm i Smi “ 
work. Vicinity Méirose, Mass, Box M-15, WwW T E B | young business girl. Call COpley 7- -6887 | house "turn iehed. Authentic antiques. | fi vad with the caption, the chil n’s dep ent. Ii J Wilcox th. 

One, Norway St, Boston 15, Mass. i 0 OSTON |__weekdays after 6. | Weel. Becrocms, [ewe bas, two-car | OOEEN GRAMPSa* hone 406.1 3° "ag The p theik lidee for their searched for the Tom Swift series 
on 5 ’ | marage. All modern conveniences rite ' ey ve a. e , 
COMP ANION- HOUSEKEEPER —Pamily of 2 Ac Bolton — Concord — Lincoln |} APARTMENTS WANTED | is or cal Leonatd C. Maier. Box 246, Mil-| 45¢, per line. TYPE CATALOGUE FR King. , & and found its equivalent, but 
f Newtens; con pan a oeannntan —~ Stow ces | Mail Pilled, CONCORD | TAP | | somehow the same glamor was 
' 


gen ord Connecticut. phone 2-0997. Orders 
for mature woman: salary arranged, Call | udb — Wayland — ) CAMBRIDGE. MASS. vic. recto Se. aed 


gh ORs 79 Warren St. New York 7, New York. Intense Poster War not there. I asked for the Twin 


_ Sres. DBcetur 3-382. (Mass.) _ WALLAGI : 5 rms. unfurn. wanted by bus. woman, ROCKPORT, MASS. | SHOES | | Most colorful aspect of the elec~ | Series by Lucy Fitch Perkins, but 


EARN WHILE YOU LEARN NURSING /# Silver BiliRd., Weston, Mass. © WA 5- )-6537, MIT son, Radcliffe daughter. Week-days| | CHARMING/COTTAGE, BEDROOM, | | 
VING ROOM, KITCHENETTE, | “ “yen tion campaign is the poster wari) the clerk said they were not in 


Sot deee” geet cnn ‘foil mate | CONCORD, Mas8.—Garrison Colonial, situ-| “ call SOuth im. ies hills 5-305 5 ve) | EAVATORY) LOVELY GARDEN: | “WONDER VALUES 
Science nurses. Salary an main- -{ ated on l@pge jot. Liv. rm., din. rm.. kit..|' Sat, and Sun uehills 5 5 ! E VO | | 
‘ = | /EASONABLE. ROCKPORT 930 Shoes for the Entire Family ‘every night. Squads from-the re- | stock, I picked up first one mod- 
| ern book and -then another, but 


tenance. while in training. : ; erg ge ‘» double garage. aski hg HARTE ORD. Ww. HARTFORD “CONN.—4 : ER 
Write Tenacre Foundation, Princeton, N. J. p3.50 0. MER. Ba arry. Concord 564-W. room, ground floor: apt..or part of house. SO. CUSHING, ME.-Seciuded location on . aT: a “Fae spective parties are out in force ? , 
3. none seemed switable. At last I 


(Temacre is'a nursing home tor Christian | o og SALELCotta > aommee: ‘bede? = SHER’ 
ges, Mote! Sites on 3 adults Phone 6-081 idewater. A 4-bedroom cottage with 
Screntists operated as 4 non-profu enterprise) Beach. e: ttages new 1951. Box 126. HARVARD Cou PLE baby girl, wish to eve ag wo porch and ee 2991 Third Ave., Cor. 154th st. Bronx, } N.Y = with posters and paste pots com-= ] ted a copy of ‘The sterious | 
EXPER. BEAUTY OPERATOR — Dawn _ Trea rent 5-7 room unfurn. spt.’ or small) $2504 for the jseason or $200. per month. | | uildin OCEreS My 7 
Beauty Shoppe, Gates Circle Apts., 1306) LAKELAND. FLA. a" We rag home with; house, Cambridge. Mass., or vicinity, Up _, rite “Rockhaven’’, Thomaston, Me TYPEWRITERS | | peting for wall es and b a & | Island’ by Jules Verne and pur 
Delaware Ave., Buffalo. N. YX.  gil-electriy kitchen imeluding water soft-| to $95. heated. TRowbridge 6-050 UPPER CAPE GOD (Mass.)—Lake cottage - ’ “i —~| facades. Even historic monuments | chased it, But where were books 
ee a tate | ch hanuti Br subdivision Pais ee; nenmenal RIDGEWOOD, i. 1, N. ¥., Vie—Fam of 4) ‘Box ht #. One, Norway St, Boston, ca CIRCLE TYPEWRITER CO. |have disappeared beneath several | illustrated by N. C. Wyeth, or 
Young sirl, besinner, for our New Yor igirl 14, boy 10) desire § rms. Will con-| | REPAIRED, RENTED ond SERVICED layers of paper. And it is esti- Jessie Wilcox Smith? — illustra- 


Advertising -Ofice. Good starting salary) ¢kistin Tigage of $4,200, Wright &! sider exch. of services. W. Dieffenbach, | /VINAL HAVEN, ME.—-Island farmhouse. Bd 
and .oppertenity. The Christian york 38 i ficKeel. Mic.. Jol &. Main Street. | GR 3-5600, Ext. 4145, between 9-5 | jgeres on eastern shore, sleeps six, § Columbus Circle, N. ¥. C. ——_—) ‘mated it will take many months tions that even a grown-up does 
MY Tel. Pt a — ew Yo ‘G ISLA > N. Y¥.,, Nassau County-| WANTED IN LYNN, MASS., by doctor and| ag hngge ee ae separate studi. UPHOLSTERERS | ‘to scrape the city clean. pee not forget? It all seemed ec. 
N PLaza North. Shéfe—-Hotise. charming compact, | Ret. req. $600 June 15-Aug. 15 app 
pnveniensly located: @ fms. some built.| ‘i!% 2-rm. apt. with kitehenette, furn. | Box M-13, One, Norway St.,” Boston 15. | mea jh 7 int out this will There were exceptions: ‘Winnie 

HOUSEKEEPER for good home at seashore. ih: 3 bathe t ated; rims. ra ga ullt-| or unfurn.. 4 months begin. not later | ._.-—-_.- a. SLIP COVERS, DRAPERIES, BEDSPREADS | 2g 7 the- Pooh,’ d Wind in th 

Moderate wages in return for light house- a $3 Eton. ig gre uge oltdoor) than July 1: reasonable rental; daytime) WESTPORT, GONN|--My home. Simple! de jobs for the unemploy e- 1, and ‘The e 

work in family of 2 adults. Write J. L.| > & a sth Ai “ NY ONY _ phone KE 6-6037, eves. LO 6-8101 (Mass.) country charnj, beautiful river view, ter-} Made to Order “Wh R ans go to the bolls Willows.’ But I yearned for a 

Kerr, 5 Clifton Avenue., arbiehead, | “ we 5 . 3 =| |rvatve. modern facilities, nr. sta. and pooen | _ UPHOLSTERING of MODERN | en om & f | thick co of ‘A Child’s Garden 

_ Massachusetts, ‘ORFOLK,| MASS. — Por Sale, émall cot-| COTTAGES FOR SALE | High) ref. req) June 18 to Sept. 6. | May 25, they will have a choice o v 43 Eu id” 
ISKPR-PRACTICAL NURSE to live in. 6- pee on large lot of land on lakefront: nan) 27d 5G. Setiiieaeesiliodeaneiioe: | and ANTIQUE FURNITURE '18 alates: Under the electoral alli- of Verses,’ or ugene Field, 

day week. Phone Marshfield 776-R or| fi electrif-conveniences. WEliesiey, Mass. BEAUTIFUL VERMONT COTTAGE—Periect| WEST ‘HARWICH. MASS.. Cape Cod—Nevw | Geats repaired, rewebbed, springs | retied. stem, votes cast for allied LS wes the Scribner edition is 

write P, C. Ela, RFD, Marshfield Mass | WE} ) 71204 W. Oy condition,- 242 story rustic, completely; homes, convenient location. $90 week. Custom work by Buropean Specihlists. ata os * totaled up. The alliance Dib al veh & ty some volume ilustrated by F 

isiates ar er parents may similar Du 
¥ voisin in 


Marshf wpe te | te double bedrooms, large! Writs Ruth Gustafson, General Delivery. | Free estimates no obligation. 
re : : with a plurality then gets two-/|.. 2 loss—the trees you most | 7 Bookshelf ( ‘vt ; 
“4 > 


pher, large art gallery, RYE, N, ¥i+- Center. hall, brick colonial, | nh 
apt permanent Box G19, 588 Putte | excellent | ‘wonstruction: 3 bedrooms. 2) dinitig, living rooms, rock fireplace, m rg Re Ae 


5-day; permanen lent | ons rn kitchen, 100 ft. frontage, : | eg oe 
ee bla t H's suite and bath: only $29,000,| ¢7 Kitchen, garage, 100 ft. | frontage, SUMMER RENTALS | ANDREW FISCHER | thirds of the seats in the munici- |. ont to locate are often hard to | phe Heritage Preas, $3), E 


19 Purchase St, Phone! Caspian Lake. immediate sale, Mrs. 


Suza ‘7 a 
NURSEMAID, .ouse work ids i 7.19% PO Box 95 or phone 52 at G boro, Vt.) ( | ects 
"Seems age a a [E, CAPE F cop wouse, W. Faimouth—| ¥ o Ler “FURNISHED ae te: Shane —— ine Saayor, Distribution of eats baa suite ‘edition of Th /_—o— oo Sages Bg 
e roor @ yew eed a ae } ae Res UW 
6 tms., bath. Barn, acre’ _ |MONADNOCK EG ION : Responsible adult WANTED MISCELLANEOUS is made according to the vote tally terious Island by Jules V tive smaller volume at. ‘ 


RELIABLE HOUSEKEEPER*C OOK for fam-/ 5 S gg 1 Ao a 5 mins. to beach. i i 
fm room| ' : : :| WOLLASTON, MASS. oie. 1, 52, to July | ment for season, H. E. Winn, 126 Park} “ - member. 
Sea nei’ Rel Dover Blass. on M-i4, | fom eer as Center. Entiré prop-| 1; +53: 7 rms., oil heat, screened porch, |_Ave., Arlingtoh, Mass. AR 5-9393. ‘ WANTED of each coalition Ti e with illustrations by N.,C. bet oa 
faa tee ; : ee ae aS Nt gdnel ge beach. MAyflower 9-2640.| eg semcwe | Symbols on the ballot range) ;. 
_ One, Norway St.. Boston 15, Mass. | d, Tel. Falmouth, Mass.,|_.=°°%: §°*:: Br. hice tart wn denne |\WESTCHESTER or CONN. commuting COLOR FILM from old-fashioned | #5 available 
"Secretaries, Stenas, Tyhists and Sales | _ 372 WA. ie ‘SAigus 8-0702-R | ROOMS TO LET area, Small hpuse with secluded garden. all the way of © a 
SPEAK TO MR. PEAKE AGENCY WARAN MASS : ag tO af 3 Alaskans Cities Fascio: So haces oes tine “Seribmer 
’ Village of ton, B 8 finest ‘BOSTON, MASS.—9 Bay State Rd. Very|, ¢ rege one - io is Del 
35 W. 53 St. N. ¥.C. 19 JU 6-3610 Hm of Mewton, SEAS noes, cba | desirable room in private apartment, For, Aner, Caneerous House, Scarsdale, N.Y. B sad ee Life gent 16 abi apprig nee: Br ft by an in- 
3 Register by mail. Send for jorm. porph. Nic decorated sun-filled rooms, te Breakfast privilege, CO 6-3101/ _ Te!. SC dr i Kone hrome wD ed “to” complete used not by gan n Be “Sworkers 
: } Beautiful figwers and shrubs, Transferred} °F ' cant so-c 
 SsUMM RTUNITY, June 15 to Sept travelogue series on the Inside Passage signifi 
SUM ER lh woman, capable of aaamaes ne has igeduced to bargain price. Calli GREAT NECK. L.L. N.Y¥.—~Attr. rm.. priv. _ HOMES WITR ATTENTION . to Ajaska, Local scenes of Skagway, White- ticket, ” while the hammer | i and 
old duties and cooking; new Bigelow 4-974 or write Box &-27, One,! priv. iapt.. desir. loc.: refined bus. woman. horse, and Ben-My-Chee, urgently desired. bolizés not the Com B 
ge: modern conveniences: Notway Street, Boston 15, Mass. Ref. pis wk, Breakfast priv. Great Neck PLEASANT OUTLOOK HOME Also footage on Alaskan wild life and| sickle sympou a ‘ 
small adult family; $40; refs. Mrs. Hessler, WEST ANHOVER, N. H.—19-room insu-|..275°6t-M Por study and rest. To work out problems /5o°™¢, Pots aon Pree Ba gym pe Ppa owe ;} mumist party but “independen 
Stee ae eiemiere. eer ‘4 <1 : naitipny cot ooggy 3 7m os goth ae aaonal aes TCLAIR Chures 1 “ple ee oD 199-51 19%th St. Hollis, N. ¥ HOllis 8-2a44 ‘film “Satll vequcctet. socialists.” An unallied . splinter 
AN ~~ Experienced stenographer or | ' site : ure ock tra rta- - 
WANTED oH nok cond | of iatid.icon Route 4. Lake Sunapee! . tion. Hillside Ave. cor. St. Luke's Place,| | ROOMS AND BOARD | SAM CAMPBELL group is suties Aldo ‘Cues! and 
a , Lecturer and Author nist deputies Aldo Cucci 


Quincy insurance firm. Excel 
Geporcuniiy for respon. individual. Box, ns ‘And bagi | Owner, John Montrlair, N. J MO 2-10204 
On r ndover | 
ere ore me - Reg 2 aE — |N. ¥. 'C, (Midtows)—Exclusive location; | BROOKLINE. MASK. Permanent guest. | _- ‘Three Lakes, Wisconsin ; __-_—| Valdo Magnnani. 


“YOUNG WOMAN | BU SINESS OPPORTUNITIES | emcees AAU 31808 afters 00 Gr weekends, | |seParated fm. and private ry spe WANTED TO BUY Drive to Get Out Voters | | Porter's The “Wier ed, shee and bound.” 


with well-rounded insurance experience. | ences meals, nor Coolidge Cor. 
) ty. To tak WANTE - | — 
Principally fire and casualty ° e [: WATERTOWN. MASS.—Nice room in busi- | BROOKLINE. MASS.—Room and board in Sersing the Communist threat, 


‘uli charge well establishehd agency. |- ee AARP AA | mess woman's a | 
' S partment. Kitehen privi- | | hig ee : 
| Beenais _Spporsantsy. | M. | MAN, Fage. married, desires opportu-| Tiers ‘Goad trans, WA 3-487 after é p.m. | transportation. “Blacon 2- S18. near! CASH! MINK, PERSIAN, ET c. Christian Democrats and their} | ly Ey st | a} 


LRP 


Lin y Vick. The V © into manufacturing business, | wi 2.7969 i. 
64 West Park Piace. Stamford, "Conn, artnership; has knowledge of WATERTOWN, MASS.—-Near carline, newly | alee I. M. Fur, 1 W. 34th ‘Bt, N. ¥. C. - allies are .making a vigorous 
| MOVING AND STORAGE HANDLOOM, reed. 20-inch or over pre- , 


ae ane 4-2196 or 3-9692. ‘ ‘fishing, gold tooling, some ex- furn. light housekeeping room, water, > | | 
‘decorating and wood finish-| frig., cooking facil. for woman. WA 4-6457. |. ferred. Phone KE 6-05%5, or write Studio| effort to. get out the vote and 


__ BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES — ; artiffically inclined will _felocate. ’ ' a DEEM IT A PRIVILEGE to offer my per-| 52, 1@ Huntington Avenue, Boston, Mass. 
gm ic “jl relocate. | WEST HARWICH, CAPE COD, MASS. — alized Local and Looe Distance Moving combat abstentionism. There is B r ou ght M e $7 50 


Sunny bedroom, twin beds, private bath. |* WE PAY HIGH CASH PRICES for used and B 
Fireproof Storage Service to the!" antique silver articles, bric-a-brac, paint- | some apprehension lest the Com 


Modern home, désirable sectfon. Break-|*?4 
FOR S ALE 5 OFFICES TO LET fast privileges if desired.. Two week per- readers C The Christian Science Pomel | furniture. art objects Henry Nord, munists éngineer disorders on 
~—_ r _——- jod ar longer. 1 mile beach. Telephone nm whic ave been a consistent adver- Madison Ave.. N.Y... NY. Plaza 3- 1 tip da sO as to frighten 
Lumber and coal business, 25-ton ice and KENMO SQUARE, Boston, Mass. _- Harwich 950-W. tiser for over a quarter of a century. election y 
| mee NOBLE &. STEVES WOMEN’S SPECIALTIES peaceable citizens and cause them 


cold-storage plant, tegether with two mod- elient any business or profession. | 
woh ggg Da 1a leap Need a ak aE a TDR ot EE en Red a men __ROOMS WANTED | __. |24 Sharp St. Boston 24 Mass, TA 5-2400)_. to remain indoors and away from 


grounds, benutifully landscaped. on main | 
ptt of thriving community; sound busi-_ BObSES FOR SALE | WASHINGTON, | D&.—Comfortable, pleasant WINTER HILL STOREHOUSE MARY CURRY ‘ORIGINALS from the Orient. the polls. 
pase--6200,059, grote annually; agg on ot ab Pag a oy og ee 2 phages hes _ 4 ronggir ta rf yeas 09 soe rity gg as an So far, however, the c ampaign 
years; : plus inventory eply 4 wk week ends only ashirigton suburban vic separate steel rooms, per mo. up. A nt. TRafaigar 
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EF ¢ 1S “ Hee to be commander of the Fifth Air 


DEIMO|NERE the benefits we have received from | 
nil Joint aexsnre our classified ads in the Monitor is. . iain rua, RoOKs @ THINGS a> iene lieutenant general, He jis now 

long ews Two of our five-toom = | Newest ‘Books, Gifts. Greeting Cards | Commanding general of the Tacti- 
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Bee ee and Bs senule wie Seve 1) | LEANING AND DYEING Field, Va 
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ood, sam Se Feterenees | 7 years a d “oe i y Stes Air-wave television cs 198 
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‘Ree B foong lal ELEY Mines. ossi the fiction und arcicie writing for maga- | Plesse grist 


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acne CHRISTIAN 


SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1952 


P 1] 


= 


———— won 


| 
| 


idence in the i Justice of the be 


le Sprit 


‘The Spirit of Liberty. Papers and ' What is liberty? Is there a com- 
Addresses of Learned Hand./mion will? — 
Collected, and with an intro-| With coulpge, Learned Hand 
duction and notes, by Irving asks these Questions over and 
Dilliard. (New York: Alfred | over again, He sees them in all 
A. Knopf, Inc., 262 pp. $3.50.) | the rany-si@ed complexity they 
| have acqui in the last 50 years 
| with the he. dafelopmen of indus, 
trial . lety and a shrunken 


et 


By Rebert R. Brunn 
slowly, after the passing of Cli- | 
+ Wendell Holmes and Benja- ; at his greatest in 
in Cardozo, when men spoke of ‘his pleas for tolerance and the 
interpretation of the law as | @snity of the individual. 
art their eyes turned aw ay | “Our dangérs,” he said as early 
m Washington and the Su-jas 1927, “. 2, are not from the 
me Court of the United States | outrageous but from the con- 
the Federal Court of Appeals forming: no$ from those who 
wr} New York, Connecticut, and |‘ rarely and Under the lurid glare | 3 
‘mont, /of obloquy upset our moral com-|{ 
here sat Judge Learned Hand, plaisance, or shock us with unac- | 2 
ensing justice with the skill | customed cenduct, but from 
craftsman, the per spicacity of those, the MAss ot us, who take 
a philosopher, ‘and the sensitivity | their virtueg and their tastes, 
of a poet, From 1924 to 1951. and | like ~— iets and their furni- 
before that from _1909 to 1924 on | ture, the limited patterns 
the | Federal District Court for! which t market offers.” is 
Southern New York, Judge Hand! He fears these “epidemics in| © 
quietly fashioned opinions until | ideas,” the “high-powered sales-| 2° 
he ¢ame to be recognized as a' man of political 


patent medi- 
judge without equal in America.’ | cines,” and m@ss thinking, and yet 
| oe dee a 


recagnizes (1930) that “you can- 
‘not set up @gain a Jeffersonian 

All this time Learned Hand was | worjd j; 
pat a full life that reached well | Potion pig pycedimy a te 
beyond the courtroont. He Was | or evil, man, Who must have lived 
re ittedent of ts aes Beals see vd long Ey emus, oye too a 
. ox Pist«: er + |e War eeling of his menta 

emmven tee na arent | and moral elbows in touch with 
grace. and dignity of his culti- 


| his neighbors?” 
vated mind to bear on the society | 


This thought reaches its cul- 
'minatio 45 when in leadi 
-in which he lived, Every person be enantio Bape 19 eading 


f ; te Rie ine a pledge of -alle- 
who is concerned with the mean- |giance to thé flag on “I Am an 
ing of democracy must. be grate- | American Day” in New York's 
ful to Mr. Diiliatd ‘for putting to-}; 

alatitenienl : Centrai Park, he réminds- them 
gether the extracurricular think- | 4, t “the brétherhood of 
ing of Learned Hand. | " 3 S lreeer of man is 
His writing is*more than epi- | sricegh omestit institution.” 
grammatic, for that implies only ae * 


Courteny of Mabentes Brown Gallery, Boston | 


Judge Learned Hand, by Gardner Cox, — Cambridge portraitist 


Witness, by Whittaker Chambers. 
(New York: Random House. 


799 pp. $5.) 
By Saville R. Davis 


American News Editor of 
The Christian Science Monitor 


This is a somewhat awkward 
though pertinent time to write 
about Whittaker Chambers. *De- 
fense counsel for Alger Hiss, who 
was convicted of what amounts to 
espionage on behalf of the Soviet 
Union although the technical 
crime was perjury, has moved for 
a new trial on the basis of “new 
evidence.” Detailed affidavits 
have been presented to the same 
judge who presided over the con- 


Goddard. They offer expert tech- 
nical opinion that the famous 
Woodstock typewriter may not be 
the Hiss’s original Woodstock, and 
could have been altered to simu- 
late copy from the original, and 
they suggest it may have been 
used to type the documents 
Chambers said he got from Hiss. 
Defense counsel goes on to claim 


q that Chambers did forge these 


documents and then planted the 
contrived machine on Hiss before 
the a cat = ' 


The government has submitted 
counter affidavits, invoking ex- 
perts and witnesses of its own, 
including officials of the old 
Woodstock typewriter company to 
counter the defense claims, Judge 
Goddard has scheduled hearings 
for June 2 on whether there will 
be a new trial, 

It ig not now possible, even if 
this were the appropriate place, 
to evaluate the “new evidence.” 


viction, Federal Judge Henry W. 


the clever. His beautifully styled T — . 
ae o Americans today, facing one 
phrases spring ‘rom a thinking of the marke, patho atid a 
through, @ wrestling with SOME | wrises in wofld history, he says 
of the great philosophic ques~ | (1944): “The spirit of liberty is | 


tions, 
‘ the spirit which is not too sure | 
What is justice? What is law? ‘that it is right; the spirit of lib- | 


The 


‘understand the minds of other | 
'men and wonjen: the spirit of lib- | nam’s Sons, 501 pp. $4.) 
their interestg alongside .its own | 
without bias: the spirit of liberty | 
remembers that not even a spar- | 
row falls to @arth unheeded: the 
spirit of libefty is the spirit of | 


hart & sty i 431 pp. $4.) 


By Ruth Chasin 


‘erty is the spirit which seeks to’ The Golden Hand, by Edith | masdns hasten 
Simon. (New York: G. P. Put- | and draw up plans, the skilled | her mother, Th 


into consultation 


'craftsmen sharpen their tools. For 


erty is the spirit which weighs Journey With Strangers, by R. C./ the next fifty years the Cathedral 
Hutchinson. (New York: Rine-/ of St. Hand is the physical as well| and to the point of fanaticism. 


| as the spiritual focus of the people | 
of Bedesford. 

| Miss Simon has caught the tex~- | 
' ture of the age: that mixture of | 


To the Building of a Cathedral 


beck. who had accidentally killed 


e Kolbecks were 


landed aristocracy, Poles, Catho- 
rm and army men in that order 


| Through subterfuge and sheer en- 
| durance the family survives the | 
German occupation; when the | 
Russians ‘come, Stefanie, still 


Full texts of the affidavits on both | 
sides became available for simul- 
taneous comparison only just be- 
fore this review went to press. 
First reading made it abundantly 
clear that this is a conflict of 
experts, and no fit subject for lay 
speculation until it ig argued out. 
There remains, however, the 
slight reservation which any con- 
scientious persoh would feel on 
reading and reviewing the ac- 
count by one man of how he se- 
cured the conviction of another, 
just as the judge is weighing the 
question of a new trial, 
4A + 


Leaving the motion for a new 
trial to one side, Mr. Chambers’ 
book is significant chiefly for the 
light that it throws on this ex- 
tremely complex person. His re- 
view of the Hiss case and of his 
earlier, experiences in the Com- 
munist Party are of less interest 
because they have been copiously 
set forth elsewhere. 

‘The sections about Mr, Cham- 
bers’ youth should be read by any- 
one interested in the case, who 
has not already read them in The 
Saturday Evening Post. The at- 
mosphere of the house in which 
he grew up was so Gothic that no 
summary could do it justice. A 
mother and father who hated and 
tormented each other with what 
was Often a terrible rage, mother 
and son sleeping with ax and 
knife against the father’s coming, 
a deranged grandmother who 
roamed the house at night with 
knives, a brother who became an 
alcoholic and worse, and finally 
committed suicide after several 
attempts—they all lived for years 

“in emotional and physical anar- 
chy,” as Chambers puts it. This 
early history of physical, mental, 
and moral violence is the prelude, 
as Mr. Chambers describes it, to 
a life marked by continual suffer- 
ing and a brooding preoccupation 
on his part with death, 

‘eae ee 


There is, in fact, a sense of 
spreading doom all through the 
account. Mr. Chambers appears 
‘to believe that Communism will 
win out over democracy. As he 
left the Communist Party, he 


—o- 


come the most celebrated of the | 
ex-Communists, he writes in 
retrospect that “Whittaker Cham- 
bers, of his own will, gave up a 
$30,000 a year job (with Time 
Magazine) and a secure future 
to haunt for the rest of his days 
the ruins of his life,” 

But behind a senge of personal 
and ideological doom, there 
the even more interesting state- 
ment of his religious conflict. 
Though he says the struggle 
against communism can only be 
won if it is a religious struggle— 
a point with which one can read- 
ily agree—his is a religion of 
deep shadow, “Life is pain,” he 
says in.coOmscious summation, at 
the end of a letter ta his children; 
“each of us hangs always upon 
the cross of himself.” 


See te 7 

Since his particular form of 
personal religion’ is his recipe for 
the western conflict against com- 


munism, it should be examined, 
He makes a good case for the fact 
that communism sets man in the 
place of God. But he is just as 
critical of the liberal religious 


tion has been subtly changed,” 
he writes with regret, “into the 
idea that man is by nature good, 
and hence capable of indefinite 
perfectibility . . . Man is essen- 
tially good, says 20th century 
liberalism, because he is rational 
and his rationality is (if the 
speaker happens to be a liberal 


pens to be rel ly unat- 
tached) at least benign. Thus the 
reason-defying paradoxes of 
Christian faith are happily by- 
pa a 

Mr. ‘Chambers then lists the 
wars and economic troubles of 
these times, arguing that evil is 
winning out over good. He quotes | 
Tennyson, “We hope that some- 
how good will be the final goal,” 
and comments: “It was a good 
idea] easier to see. that Tennyson 
was silly than to- see that the 
attitude was silly. That was the 
blind impasse of , GEES lib- 
eralism.” 


idea of the West. “The idea that | 
man is sinful and needs redemp.- | 


“mysticism” 


Protestant) divine, or (if he hap- 


: 


What he terms 
sonal statement about 
faith” — which he describe 
beginning at | 
point where man senses the tr 
tery of his good oy vil 
reaches its high point in 
cluding sentence: “Religious}} 
logic, human beyond ratior 


is is the expression of a need 


mized in the paradox of 
weeping for his dead son. “W 
you weep, asked a friend, 


‘it cannot help?’ Said Solon: 


is why I weep—because it 

help,’ ” | 
‘'This, Chambers writes, if the 
“paradox which is the s of 

paradoxes” that is “ 

faith.” Tt is this faith, 

under its accumulating b 

evil, which Mr, Chambers 

make the banner to lead a fore- 

doomed fight against communism, 
He describes his w in 

the battle thus: “I de 

fight the Communist Party 

Communist would fight . 

against the conspiracy all t 

spiratorial method it had 


= ‘tc 
; 


4 


e's anecnineiepgerentelpe in CP AOE LOOT 


communal spirit. submission to! nursing her hatred of Julius Kol- oe 
authority, superstition, gnd in-| beck, although she has married, Sold his “wits, Som: Saw, we 


+ dependence which could rear aj in turn, two of his sons, tries to | oe i the tr ge world for 
| trangcendent structure outof a | betray him. But she is transport- | the BE: iad pgp af 
| society torn with plague, poverty, | ed, with all three generations of = t sees ‘ons ; —"T Peso Or | 
_and $tirring social protest, No pe- | the Kolbeck family, to Siberia, “apt th ‘id > mete od 
riod,|it becomes apparent, is more | and finds that her survival is as| chose ° .s ‘oth i . Th ral 
‘complex than the ones preceding; | important to the Kolbecks, though feat. Almost nothing that ave 


‘Him who, near 2,000 years ago, “The Golden Hand” is a first- 
taught mankigd that lesson it has ‘rate historical novel: It will not, 
never learned; but has never quite | Perhaps, be as popular as it de- 
| forgotten: that there may be a/ S¢rves, for its! virtues are not the 
kingdom whefe the least shall be | facile ones. Thére is, for example, 


d considered side b side | ‘no obvious hero; unless it be col- | 
— the gremieet ‘9 d 'lectively the village of Bedesford, | 


Nee SONGS OF 
DEL FRANC 
by MARGARET MORRISON 


~* 
- 
( | 
; 


There are many other ea, | England, in the latter half of the 
in this fruitf@! book. It reveals | fourteenth century, 

Learned Hand as a. judge who' A miracle has visited the near- | 
treads the tortious, excruciatingly | by tract of Cloudsway Waste. The | 
difficult path between the letter | /0c@! friars, 
and the spirit, ‘ever conscious tha 
the law requirés courageous inno- 

' vation on the part of the judge to 
articulate “the half- framed pur- 
‘poses of his time.” 

A thirst for ruth (“open all the 
i'closet doors s@ that nothfng shall 
be left to hearsay”), a profound 
| skepticism, a Sure feeling for the |. 
‘mechanism of democracy, superb | 
erudition me@ting the world at 


Mutiny 


by HERMAN WOUK 


is the 


‘tide that an abbey church would 
be more fitting, but before the | 
| foundation has been fully dug, the | 
| Bishop intervenes. Bedesford will 
henceforth be his seat: a Cathe- 
dral is to be built on the site, 


apm ee 


Reaction is immediate. The 
friars, dispossessed, at first oppose | 


who had been plan- | 
+ | ning to build a hospital there, de- | 


; 


t unsu 


the venture, then rally to a com-/| | “The! Golden Hand” 


|only|the terms of the complexi- | 
ties rhange. 
| ee ae 


If bne has any quarrel with this 
book} it is that so many characters 
are too hard to follow as they 
ramble in and out of the story: 
and that the narrative device of | 
| two pilgrims telling their tale is | 

fess and wumnhecessary. 
| But these are minor blemishes on 
a superb evocation of some ordi- | 
nary |people generations ago. 

Like, and yet $0 rage from, 
“Journey 


for utterly different reasons, as 
it is to herself, 

The querulous, proud, petty and 
deeply dedicated members of the 
family, as they face an experience 


| sion, are excellently individual- | 
ized, Indeed it is all impeccably | 
told, but it never comes to life. | 
In “Elephant and Castle” and his 
preceding novels, Mr, Hutchinson 
established a reputation as a vivid 
| storyteller in the robuster English 
| tradition, One hopes that he will 
‘return to this vein and leave the 
epic human virtues to other—not 


utterly beyond their comprehen- | 


observed, or that has happened 
to me since, has made me think 
that I was wrong about that 
forecast.” 


This outlook brought him to | 
an intense concern with martyr- | 
dom which is a recurrent theme | 
all through the book: “We freely | 


made the choice which history is 


slo@ly bringing all men to see. 
is the only possible choice—the ° 
decision to die, if necessary, rath- 


er than to live under Commu- 
nism.” There is personal doom, 
too. Of the moment when he 


‘says he decided to expose Alger 


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‘ground level, characterize the | Page 
thought of Learned Hand. He is 
the direct defcendant of Oliver | 


Wendell Hols. 


THE HORN BOOK } 


‘ 
'mon cause against the enemies of | ‘ 
| 

4 

A treasury of information on children’s books, this bi- 
7 
: 
> 
> 


With! Strangers.” This too is a! necessarily better—vwriters., Hiss, when he was about 
| the Church. Lord Hugh Cingmort| chronicle of endurancé in hard — 

| threatens suit against the Bishop | ‘travail. but the only cathedral sens : 

| for the land he pays is his. But the | | built is a dubious ane of the spirit. 

The motley rough-and-tumble of | 
fourteenth-century England gives | 
way to the grim torture of twen- | 
tieth+century, .occupied Poland. 

There is a narrative device here 

too: Stefanie Kojbeck writes this | 
, account of her sufferings for the | 
| younger generation to read and | 
| understand, Whether intention- | 
ally or no, her drab monotone 


Pulitzer 


Prize 
novel ! 


aap #1 best selier for almost o 
yeot — now the winner of the 
most highly prized oword in 
American fiction! $3.95 of oll 
booksellers. DOUBLEDAY 


POOR i Ee 


monthly magazine makes it easy to select the right books — 
for young people. Attractive in format, each issue pre- 
sents some 40 to 50 reviews, plus articles on every phase 
of children’s pleasure reading. 


Translates the richness of 
the ancient Scriptures 
into our American language 


KING JAMES 


i i st i 
_— 


Winter of Achievement 


Featured articles in the June HORN BOOK are: 
“ Reading Up to Ten” by Harry Behn 
“ Genevieve Foster's Worlds” by Mitchell Dawson 
“ Genevieve Foster” by her daughter, Joanna Foster 


Valley Werpei ios Making of an | 1777-78. With that suffering Mr. | 
Army, by Alfred Hoyt Bill. | Pill is of course concerned, and he | 
(New Yor: Harper & Brothers. reports it in authentic detail. But 
259 pp. $3.50.) his real emphasis ison the} 

= achievements of that winter. The | conditions the entire tale, so that 

By Denham Sutc¢liffe yg at Maggie Plena ee | it is as sornething seen in a glass, | 

- a holding action, and a highly | darkly. | 

wa Beard Rs. So © patemagaed ys ‘successful one. Howe’s army on! Stefanie was never really a | 

-quifering durlog i aelidinns iol | Philadelphia vastly outnumbered | | 'Kolbeck. She was a Ruthene, | 

Washington’s; its equipment was adopted out of pity by Julius Kol- 
immeasurably superior. Yet the 

British could scarcely move be- 

yond their pickets, and forage 

parties required regimental guards 
if they were to get back to base. 

Strong and numerous as the Brit- 

ish were, the ragged presence of 

the Continentals made their con- 
quest of the capital an empty 
victory. By sitting tight, the 

Americans won a campaign. 

They did’ more: they turned 
‘themselves into a disciplined | 
|army. It was during this winter (3 
| of gloom that Baron von Steuben | # 
larrived and, setting aside the |= 
idignity of a Prussian officer; | # 
idrilled the Americans into an |» 
efficient and hard-hitting force. | ¢ 
‘Some elementary principles of | % 
Sanitation were ‘established; men | 
'avere forced to work every day: by 

heroic efforts enough food was 
‘found to keep them alive, As a 
iresult, they emerged from the 
| Valley healthier and happier than 
they entered it and came within 
an ace of destroying the British | 

army when it withdrew from the | 

capital. 2 
All this is part of ‘Mr. Bill’s ac- | = 

count, which in fact covers an | % 

entire year of the war, It includes | = 
the story of the Conway cabal, |= 
so-called—an abortive conspiracy | = 
whereby some malcontents hoped | 
to displace Waslrington as com- | 
mander, It includes, of course, a | 
detailed account of the supposed | 
treachery of Gen. Charles Lee. | 

Mr, Bill has much to say about | 

the vacillations of the Continental | 

Congress and about the inadequa- 

cies of the quartermaster’s office. | 

He describes the battles in detail 

and iilustrates-them with maps, 

Out of it all, he makes for the 

genera] reader an exciting ac- 

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| 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MON 


I'VOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY, MAY 22; 


1952 


Women Today 


“Bet ly Ci roc | 


er’ Takes T ime 


Out to Entertain General Mills’ Own Wor 


r 
} 


Home Economist 


Is Behind Not 


ts Corps 


By Seay Ash 


Women’s Editor of The Christian Science Monitor 


Minneapolis, Minn. 

Betty Crocker, that fabulous 
cookbook character, behind whom 
are 48 women of the Home Serv- 
ice department of General Mills, 
| is becoming a social leader among 
her colleagues. 

So successful was her series of 
open-house parties Christmas 
week for employees in other Gen- 
‘eral Mills offices that the man- 
agement asked for a year-long 
series in 1952. First guests wete 
lwives of men employed in the 
organization, and after them the 
women Working in the different 
General Mills plants who are be- 
ing entertained weekly in groups 
of varying size. . 

- ‘fhe five kitchens in the Home 
Service department of the hand- 
some General Mills building at 
Fourth Street and Setond Avente 
aré among the: many fine test 
units maintained by the great yore 
companies of this country. t 
only are their own products tested 
there, but other products 
which are recommended in menus 
worked out as part of the service 
to homemakers, and recipes which 
are constantly being developed, 

_ Twice daily, tours are conducted 
for any visitors who care to go 
through the kitchens and observe 
the work being done. Countless 
women have taken advantage of 
the opportunity to see just how 
muth work goes into the free 
advice that comes with the sci- 

‘entifically developed food pro- 

ducts they buy. The Terrace 

Kitehen, the Kamera Kitchen, the 

Polka Dot Kitchen and the 

others, where testing goes on, are 

all models after which any womain 
would be glad to pattern one of 
her! own. | 

Cozy Dining Room | 

Then there's the old colonial 
dining .room, the paneling for 
which Was brought from a New 
England farmhouse, and the fire- 
place, with a baking oven at the 

side, and a big brass kettle swing- 
ing from a crane over a glowing 

(electric) fire. Because of city 
regulations the fireplace does not 

‘really work. 

Even the office section of the 
Home Service division has a dig$- 
tinctly ferninine and domestic at- 
mosphere. There are plants and 
flowers here and there and an 
occasional plate, tea set, or cup 
and saucer striking a decorative 
note. 

‘There are 22 home economists 
among the 48° women in the Home 
Service department of which Miss 
Janette Kelley is the head. Natu- 
rally, it’s no trick for, therm to give 
a party. In fact parties are part 
of their job although by no means 
the whole of it. 

‘Every week the General Mills | 
executives are guests at a lunch- 
eon in the department, and indi- 


— as 


=— 


Advertisement 


0 


| Mrs. Al Capp 
Puts On Blue 
vanes FU et 


also | 


} vidual 


nnet 


milk ta: the dry 


ecutives may request 
that lunGheons be served when 
they. hav@ business friends to en-~ 
tertain. Also, there are the test 
luncheong at which new recipes 


ployees of other departments 
Christmas week, instead of just 
having @ buffet breakfast for 
themselv@s as had been their cus- 
tom in previous years, they’ hard- 
ly knew what they were cooking 
up for 1952, They ‘ entertained 
with such success that the man- 
agement thought wives of em- 
ployees and women of other de- 
partmen® would énjoy similar 
affairs. The current series of 
Betty Crocker parties resulted. 
First Tour For Many 
Some of the wives had taken 
adv antage of the tours to see the 
kitchens, Others had never seen 
them before. One wife, whose 


husband had been an employee 
for 32 years, said it was the first | 
time she had been there. 

After all the wives had been 
entertained, invitations went out | 
to the first group of women em- 
ployees, Only about half of those | 
invitéd came. Just some company | 
promotion and a bore, they) 


ted Name 


General Mills Photo 


Here girls from one of the General Mills plants now in war 
production have refreshments after a tour of the Betty Crocker 


kitchens, Left to right, Doris Bebeau, Venerice Bebeau and Ruth | with Hazel Braaland, June Ryan, and Blanche Smith, 


&- 


i 
‘“ sc i 


Norberg talk to Janette Kelley, director of the Home Service 
Department. Leslie N. Perrin, president of General Mills, chats 


thought, But those who went dis- | wax paper to make two flaky / letters in reply and also the book- | Minnbapolis housewives who re- 


covered it was fun. Word got | 
around, The next time, all but. 
one of those invited were on. 
hand, amd the following week, 
even an @xtra guest who hadn't | 
been inyited came with he | 
others, = 

The day I was a guest, women | 
and girls from one of the General | 
Mills plants now doing war work | 
came right from their jobs, all of | 
them wearing their blue jeans or | 
slacks, There were 68 guests that 
day, twosethirds of whom raised | 
their hands when one of the host- | 
esses asked how many were mar- | 
ried. : 
- They were welcomed by Mrs. | 
Mildred Kranz, official hostess for | 
the depattment, and then by Miss | 
Kelley. “The biggest challenge the | 
Home Sefvice department faces,” 
she told them, “is getting good | | 
recipes which are quick and easy | 
for just @ich people as you, who | 
have full-time jobs and also keep | 
house.” Anne Filanavan,. one of | 
the young home economists, dem- | 
onstrated for them the ease and) 
speed of pie-making with “Stir-n-_ 
Roll” redipes. | 

The women, clad for factory | 
work ard looking anything but 
domestic, leaned. forward and 
watched= with eager interest as 
she added liquid shortening and 
ingredients, 
stirred ahd gathered the mixture 
into a light ball of dough and then | 
rolled it. out between aquares, of | 


| voted 


_crusts for an apple pie, 

After the demonstration and a | 
| taste of samples of similar cr ust | 
‘which had been baked before- 
hand, the guests were taken | 


through the five kitchens, one de- 


to appliances made by 
General | Mills. 

Refreshments, including melt- 
in-your-mouth chiffon nut cake, 
were served in the dining room 
and there Leslie N. Perrin, presi- 
dent of General Mills, came in to 
greet the women. He or 
two of the other top executives 
come’ down to get 
with the guests at 
| house, 

Women See Activities 

These are held on Thursdays so 
the women can seé the kitchens 
| with typical activities in progress. 
In the product. control kitchen 
one home economist makes bread 
|and cake daily. Her baking is all 
| kept untjl the following day, ‘then 
‘cut and: tested for quality and 
'texture.| “Nonproduct” — recipes 


each open 


| Under 
‘matters like cakes 


\lets of recipes in which are an- 
iswers for most of the questions. 
Miss Ken McKenzie, head of the 
‘Editorial and Art division. super- 
vises all pictures having to do} 
with Betty Crocker publicity, and | 
those for company publications. 
her, division come also 
for television | 


| shows—cakes have to put on their 


‘cameras — booklets, 
radio 
one or | 
etc. Miss Ruth Anderson 
acquainted | 
Jof 


ee 


| @aily 


are also tested there and.experi- | 
mental work on new products is} 


| done— sometimes behind 
' doors. 
in charge of the Kitchen division. 
_ Miss Mildred Berg, supervisor 
of mail and personnel, is the 
i“ ‘Betty Crocker” to whom all the 
| mail goes. 
three girls whose sole job is to 
read Betty Crocker’s mail, mark it 
for the right departments, send 


closed | 
Miss Bernice Anderson is | 


| few 


before the | 
material for | 
programs, the scripts for | 
which are written in New York. 
of this 
department was associate editor 
the comprehensive Betty 
Crocker Cook Book published a 
months ago with Marjorie 
Child Husted as editor. 

Mrs. Helen Hallbert heads the! 
Consumer Contact division under 
which cooking demonstrations 
including those’ on television are | 
given, 

Under her division also comes | 
responsibility for hostessing the | 
tours and the luncheons. | 
Recipes are constantly being | 
tested and there is a daily taste | 
test in the Terrace Kitchen, with 
a certain group of tasters, After | 


prettiest frostings 


. 


i they have turned in written re- | 


In her division are’ 
| testers in Minneapolis. 


ports, a “check test” is made with | 
a different and larger group. 

If the food passes this group, 
the recipe is sent to a few women | 
These re- 
port on the clarity of the recipe 
itself, It then goes to 25 other | 


Report Cites s Boomeranging Bigotry 


| Staff’ Correspondent of 
erristion Sctence Monitor 


Washington 
against 


By tt 
The | 


While warning 


ture in the presidential campaign, 
the Ant#Defamation League of 


B'nai BFith in its annual study | 


of “raci@] and religious bigotry” 
in the United States, reports two 
encouraging findings: 

“Appeals to religious prejudice 


- ot | have gefierally boomeranged.” 


x ~ ‘Sane Se 
Sere is a good suggestion from 
‘Mrs. Al Capp. Put on Bive Bonner 
‘Margarine for F.N.E.— Flavor, 
‘Nutrition, Economy! Like the wife | 


“Bigoted 


losing 


politics 


average American.” 

The .réport stressed: that preju- 
dice always “feeds upon domestic | 
strife and international stress.” 

Herman Edelsberg, Washington | 
representative of the Anti-Defa- | 
mation League, warned that “tun- | 
less the two major parties crack 


down hard on the purveytrs of | 
to | 


hate litefature, who are tryin 


‘of the famous cartoonist, you will | climb onto one of the political | 


love the delicate, 
‘food! You'll also appreciate 
nutrition. No other spread 
‘bread is richer in year-round | 
mourishment! And’ you'll welcome 
its economy. Two pounds of BLUE} 
‘Bonnet cost less than one pound 
‘of high-priced spread! So remem-/ 
‘ber the letters...F...N...E! Buy 
All-Vegetable BLUE Bonnet Mar- 
garine and get “all three”’.— 
Flavor! Nutrition! Econom-e-e! | 


saan and creamy- | 


sunny-sweet | bandwa 
‘taste Biur Bonnet adds to any | year wot 
its | 
for | 


; 
: 


ns,’ the presidential | 
d reach a new low. 


Issued in Book Form 


Mr. Edelsberg said the smears 
would boomerang again, pointing | 
out that “never in all the history | 
of our Iand has there been such | 
‘widespréad recognition of the 
peril of uncontrolled prejudice, 
bigotry, © pnd group tensions; and 
never have so many people and 
organiz groups taken so active 
a part in coping with these Pry 
lems.” 3 

The ionwide survey. was re- 
leased jointly by the leagtie’s ha- 
tional chairman, former New York 
hemi Court auence Meier 


« dest Cleanses 


PrvnileDredenathe 


Claims , 


-~ 


MAL 


| ORALINE 


eee 


Dente! XE. 


the | 
widespread use of smear litera- | 


is generally | 
tics, thanks to the com- | 
mon sense and good will of the | 


nr nomenon mere 
anne Oa 
‘ 


| Steinbrink, and.New York. City 
| Fire Commissioner Jacob Grumet, 
chairman of ADL’s 
committee 

An analysis of 
investigative reports made by the 
'league’s 25 regional offices, 


makers.” 
Epstein, the league’s national di- 
rrector, ahd Arnold Foster,| its 
ichief counsel, it is published by 
Doubleday & Co. 

‘Pr@paganda Invasion’ 

The |ADL report also cited de- 
‘tails of what it called “a prapa- 
i'ganda invasion of the United 
States’? which, ADL charges, was 
'organized by the 
official policy-making body of 
seven Middle East nations and 
directed by Azzam Basha, founder 
and secretary general of the Arab 
League. 

“Azzam,” according to the ADL, 
‘“was accorded high diplomatic 
‘courtesies by U.S? officials during 
‘his visit here; but behind the 
iscenes he plotted with whatever 
| group could assist his propaganda 
| drive, 
| oil concessions in the Middle East 
‘to lunatic fringe anti-Semites.” 


the same time the Arab leader 
was currying favor with the Unit- 
ed States; promising that the 
Arab League would stand with 
the western democracies, he also 
met secretly with Jacob Malik 
and other Soviet United Nations 
delegates in a New York hotel, 
where ape probed the possibili- 
ties of a ret deal. | 
painarities Exploited | 

Other findings of the 4 % 
disclose: 

lt. “Efforts by Communists Io 
injure racial and religious mi- 
nority groups by posing as the! r 
friends and defenders, but actu- 
ally working to exploit minori- 
ties for their own political 
vantage. —_ pete have 


‘failed dismally 4 win any 
/port from minority groups. 
civil rights | 

| served to complicate and hurt the 
year-round | 
spect, 
phogy, professional anti-Commu- | 


the | 
are doing | each ae al 


ADL survey has also been adapted | 
in book form, titled “The Trouble- 
Written by Benjamin R. | 


$up- 


“But Communist activity has 
fight against bigotry. In that re- 


the Communists and the 


nists 
service.’ 

2. “The fact that the smear 
technique and ‘guilt by accusa- 
tion’ have attained so much re- 


_spectability made it. possible for | 


hate-j : 


discredited - professional 


|mongers to win a hearing before | 


| mittee 


‘the Senate. Armed Services Com- | 
trumped - up | 


i 


their 


on 


‘charges against Assistant -Secre- | 


“Arab League, | 


“communism 
from industrialists seeking | 


tary of Defense Anna M, Rosen- 


berg. 


‘Professional Bigcots’ 
In times less marked by hys- 


| port whether 


| wom en, 


new 
| subjects for largé advertisements. 


teria, it would have been impos- 
sible for this witches’ brew of | 
religious prejudice, deliberate | 
malice, and wishful thinking con- | 
cocted by Benjamin Freedman, 
Gerald Smith, and John Rankin | 
to win so respectful a hearing. 
“The Rosenberg case, the re- 
port concludes, proves that while 
is a danger, irre- 
anticommunism also 
danger to our 


sponsible 
poses @ Serious, 


| country today.” 


The report contended that at} 


pee S eae 


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; 


| supremacy, there is steady pres- 
| Sure exerted by the Ku Klux 


| the Negro, and there are political 
civic | FIVE 
|| equality for the Negro, 


; country, in lesser or greater de- 
} gree, there is the struggle against | 
| economic equality for the Negro.” | country, 
_ The recent ¢rackdowns by the | 
ee Pipe ees 


Il when and modern methods 


their admission blanks. . 
“Because segments of the 


3. “The continued successful 
operation of a network of proies- | 
sional bigots who—although they | 
operate independently and com- | 
pete for funds—maintain close | 
contacts for purposes of mutual | 
support, the exploitation of com- | 
mon propaganda themes, and the | 
exchange of ‘sucker’ lists.” 

4. “A recent trend among sev- 
eral prominent hate propagandists | 
to switch from Jew*baiting ‘to | 
anti-(Reman) Catholic themes. | 
Anti-(Roman) Catholic bigotry 
still seeks to carry on its century- 
old vendetta, and a number of! 
pseudo - religious publications | 
have been trying te revive the 
hysteria of the know-nothings.” 

Education Attacked 
5...“ concerted wave of at- 
tacks on public education. This 
has been directed particularly 
against school systems, teachers, 


emphasize intercultural 
omoted by profes- 
at- 


i Which 
education. 
sional propagendists, these 


| Atomie 


produced chaos | 
‘many school communities and 
have hampered the operation of 
‘entire school systems.” « 
The league reported evidences 
of a trend’to fuller democracy in 


higher education and reports that, 
in the last two years, 135 colleges | 
in 21 —_— voluntarily removed 
potentia ly riminatory. ques- 
tions. of is be religion from 


6, 
South cling to the mores of white 
lan against social equality for 
forces fighting against 


_ “Everywhere throughout the 


to Klan 


their families like 
it and whether they 
enough to make jit again. These 
of course, are paid for 
this service. 

The next step for the recipe is 
to the Market 
which sends it to women in var- 
lous parts of the country. It they 
give it eight of the ten points by 
'which it may be rated. it then | 
| qualifies for national promotion, 

And each product has its own 
home; economist who works. out 
recipes and chooses 


There is also a home economist 
for General Mills appliances. 
| hes eV omen | Pus ¢ on | show mgs for 


a 


Oe ne = ree rere 


Crow Potatoes F rom m Peelings 


like it well | 


Analysis division 


food | 


oe a 


'other departments and for mer- | 
chandising, 

Miss Grace Plant. as head of 
| Consumer Relations, has direct | 


contact with the) nation’s 


4 preferred something tailored, 


ok Easy; 


j 
} 
p 
is 


F. 


By Josephine 
Written for The Christian Science Monitor 


“With fingers wearyiand worn, 
with eyelids héavy and red (lack 
of sl , & woman gat in un- 
womanly rags (faded, pinafore) 
plying her needle and| thread.” 

Make a few slight changes and 
this stanza from Thomas Hood’s 
“Song of the Shirt” applies to me 
and my efforts to make an evening 
dress. 

Inspired by the ads, and by 
enthusiastic friends who were 
“taking sewing” and talking about 
nothing much else, I bought a 
portable electric sewing machine 
a few months ago and énrolied for 
the eight free lessons in dreéss- 
| making that came with it. 

|. Mrs. S., the teachet to whose 
lot it fell to have me ag a student, 
dixin’t think much of my proposal 
to make an evening dress. She 
so 
I'd learn how to fit a collar, set 
in sleeves, and make bound but- 
tonholes. However, when I ex- 
plained that I needed a dress to 
wear to a party three months 
hence, Mrs. S. agreed to let me 
have my way. 


What I wanted was a simple 
affair ‘like the picture I had 
brought along—Chantilly 
over a taffeta slip. Incidentally, 
the price of the. dress advertised, 
plus tax, was $71.35. The cost of 
imy dress, including thread, hooks, 
and eyes, everything—was $31.62. 
|My time I didn’t count. Think 
what I learned! 

I enrolled in a class which met 


lace 


| “Pour Ir overture, 
gauche li 


Learn how to make tailor’s tack 
‘In English,” ; 


granddaughter bring in 

sewing, in a neat little blue } 
box, the day I was. 
tailor’ s tacks. | | 

The child looked at my 
and smiled understandingly sit 
grandmother. That wee 
day I found out 
right sidé and a 
dress, as 


it on the machine, Twice, 10% | 
sure it would stay. | 
The next task was to hem | he 
-wide circular skirt. To save 
—we were ge song 2 sé to 
the last | hougt 
‘it would be a idea tot 
the French he ae * 
She started me oft m. Se 
I should have k on £ 
in my inexpert hands the] 


; 
‘ee 
‘ #)}i- 


“TL 


food | at a nearby sewing center on Sat- | hemmer chewed/the lace, s¢ 


| editors and sends | jout newspaper | urday mornings from 4 to 11. The | times hemming, ‘more es 


releases. 


All these people make up the 
char of Betty: 


many other dutie 
nected, with her 
ries. But, although the 
house events somewhat. disrupt 
her Thursday aflarntan 

are becoming more and more) 
popular and both she and the 
women ,employees| consider them 
one of the best of her varied 
ehterpri ises, | 


han those con- | 
ypen-housge se- | 
open- | 


‘first morning Mrs. S. took my 
| measursements, helped me find a 


for nice selections of lace and | 
taffeta. 
Why Put In Sleeves? 
Nothing to it, I thought. All you 


they |-do is make a simple basic slip and | 


a simple basie dress| and there | 


you are. I felt sorry for the stu- | 


dent who was toiling over a sleeve | 
she had set in the wrong arm-| 
‘hole. Why not make) something | 


ee 


Written for The Christian Science Monitor 


You can grow new potatoes 
from | the peelings of old ones: 
that is, if there are “eyes” in the | 
peelings. Here is the method: 
Dig) up a narrow strip in a'| 
}sunny part of your back = yard. 


It neéd be only a few feet long | 
and about one wide. Heap the 
earth into a ridge about four) 


‘inches high all the length of it 
/and 


make a trench about two 
inches deep all along the top of | 


‘the ridge. 


Each day after you have peeled | 
the potatoes for dinner drop the | 
peelings into the trench and cover | 
with earth. From the “eyes” come! 


the: new plants and the other 


peelings help fertilize. 

Green sprouts will appear, 
| then plants, and then blossoms. | 
| When the blossoms have withered 
it will be time to “lift” the po-| 
| tatoes. You'll be surprised, prob- 


ably at the fine crap. Some of the | 


potatoes may be larger than your 
fist, others may be small as plums, 


but all ought to taste delicious. | 


I have used a gatden ridge only | 
seven feet long into which | put | 
| peelings for only a few weeks in ; 
early summer. By September I 
had a big half-bushel basket filled | 
‘with potatoes from) this Ape 


without sleeves? None of that 
| complicated work for me! 

For the second lesson I was all | 
‘set to get the dress and slip cut) 
out and stitch up the seams. I | 
spread the taffeta on the table, 
pinned: on the pattern, and was 
ready to use my shears.when Mrs. 
'S. suggested that I’d better read 


ithe instruction sheet that came 


with the pattern. 

“Diagrammes de coupe pour 
toutes les failles,” is what I read. 
“Divisiones para el corte de todos 
los tamones.” How patterns had 
changed! I exathined a'part of the 
| pattern I had pinned to the taffeta 

—-the bodice back. 
male,” where the words printed 
‘thereon. Also ~Cinfura natural. 
'Pince. Cuchillo.” 
| “Something wrong?” lasked Mrs. 
|S., noting that I was making no 
| progress. 


“One world,” I murmured. 


“Tajlle nor-| play ‘Lady”” | 


| When I had finished, Mrs. S, & 


| amined my work, sighed, and §ai¢ 4 
many-sided cter pattern like the dress I had in! maybe I'd better trim it off) and 
Crocker. and eh her busy at! ‘mind, and told me where to look | hem the skirt by hand, at home. — 


That day I stopped at M 
Helene’s to have my hair dome 
e Pee in, my little dressm 
’ she greeted me. “And w at 
cas as the lesson today?” 
“I used a gadget cad 4 
hemmer to hem the lace 
and— 


Two days bef 
dress was deslide a 
lingerie strap Molders and | 
carriers. I pressed the taffeta - 

| and the lace and tried them on for 

'a final check-up, To my 

'the ensemble as pretty 
“aad fit 


‘had imagined 
| fectly. 
* Tt looks ° ‘nicd,” said 
“In a way I’m almost as 
as you are. There were 
“I know what you mean. * 


Pays give it away, to some | 


girl’ who likes to dress. 


“Not at all,” said my 4 
teacher. “You'll | Pe the belle 
the ball!” 

at the 


I had a fine 
but I wasn’t the . le of the 


“The iIncompar 


was there too. 


ench 


“French hemmer:” Mile. Helene 


te path for 


me meee a 
een = 


+ 
ee c 
+ Va 

+<¢ 


| AFRICAN FURY—Formerty ° "Cry. the Be- 
loved Country.” Faithful transcription | 
of Alan Paton’s moving and memorable | 
novel about South Africa. with Canada 
Lee as the Rev. Stephen Kumaio.—M.Y. 
AFRICAN QUEEN—John Huston’s excit- | 
ing, beautiful Technicolor treatmént of 


C. S. Forester adventure story. Digsolute | 
riverman and determined lady mission- | 
“ary (Humphrey Bogart. Katharine Hep- | 
burn) sail tiny steam launch down wun- | 


charted African rivers to sink German 
gunboat in World War L--M_.Y. 


Aladdin and His Lamp—Color fantasy 
freely adapted from Arabian Nights 
tale — 

‘Another 
odrama about 
Davis) hg . 
indirectly, orse.—M. 

ANYTHING CAN. HAPPEN — Warm end 
utterly charming comedy about Russian 
immigrant’s wonderful adventures in 
United | States.—M.¥.C. . 

City—Minor but very agnor 
chase film with atomic scientist's sma! 
son held as hostage by spies.—M_Y. 

At Sword's Peint-—O —s of musketeers, 
skilled swordsmen all, de 
Frante from power-hungry nobles.—M.Y 

Barefoot Mailman—Comedy eniivens rou- 
tine Cinecolor melodrama about confi- 
@ence man in early Florida.—M.Y 

Batile of Apache Pass—Scenic Indians- | 
and-¢ayalry film violently demonstrat- 
ing that and evil qualities are 
not determined by tTace.—M.Y. 

Belle of New York—Fred Astaire. Vera- | 
Elien sing and dance engagingly in art- 
lessly contrived color period tale.—M.TY. 

Belles oh Their Tees—Widow Gilbreth | 
carries’ on husbend'’s work and rearing | 
0 


femme fatale 


fatal to two men and, 


f 11 children in . @miable musicalized | 


sequel to 
BEND OF T 
superbly photographed 
provides magnificent background for 
well made action film about pioneers. 
, Arthur Kennedy 7 
de Féte)—Delightful 

French. pastoral mins te | 
postman, who, inspire 


“Cheaper by Dozen.’’—-M.Y.C 
HE RIVER—Oregon scenery 
in Technicolor 


by US 


fan's Poison—Preposterous mel- 
(Bette | 


fend medieval | 


about eee | 
movie, | 


Films in this Mavie Guide are classified as (M) for mature people, 
(Y) for young people, (C). for children. We have capitalized the 


| titles of those pictures which our 


reviewers consider sbpye average. 


The Movie Guide is updated every ea is 


& 
sade pantne evils of fraternity hazing. 
in color 


Fort ‘Osage—Siue¢gish western 


about wagon-train terminal plagued by | 


profiteers. who anger Indians.—M. 

Girl in Ever 
- volving sailors, twin! race horses, and 
abun t but thin material for Groucho 
Marx.-—M. Y. 

Girl on thé Bridge—Artificial meiodrama 
in which elderly widower befriends 
suicidally inclined anmarried mother 
and gets into peck of! trouble.—M. 

Gobs and Gals—Comedy involving sailors 
overseas who invite mail. by weather 
balloon.—M 


GREALEST sBOW ON EARTA—Ceci) B. | 


DeMille provides three-ring story to go 
circis. tty Hutton, 


with three-rin 
James! Stewart. Dorothy 


Carnel Wilde. 

Lamour 

| Brothers- 
animal performers.—M 

Hariem Globetrotters—S 
ing amazing. amusing ball-handling of | 
professional basketb team.—M.Y. 

Here Come the Nelsons—Readio'’s Ozzie and 

| Harriet take to screen with sons Ricky 

| and David important.—M.Y,.C. 

Hong Kong--Love for tin 

| ee bey and American 
rings out best in ex-Gi jor MY 


rately 
dramatizing challenge of ven Be 
emme by focusing on senatorial probe 
and am ex-racketeer trying to £0 


edn. —M.Y. 
pe eye ene magazine type 


about ailing woman. edtcive with | 


in niente of script.—M.Y. 


gy te speed up and learns lesson.— 
MY | 


Big 
re influence of pretty re- 


Kirk Douglas and 
color.—M. Y. 

| Boots Malone—Warm- hearted, occasional- 
- sentimental story of friendship be- 
tween men an 
ting.—NLY 

im the Afterncon — Dishonorably | 


aw spe and 


encounters in th Technicolor Weuiese. cag. of z 
ing” st so tee Geely in 
0 
ang (pep 


ast- 
CAPTSVE CITE _ yo editor battles 
ator n= ag cluded with M.-Y. 


tleman detective” 
pr bs unusus on actual 
Carbine ‘Williams—Episodes 
famed 


filmed in London. 
ed with statement by Sen- 
tm 


in prise 
interesting. 


experimenting while 
Sy eat but 
— “hanie—Techinicoior record of Kath- 
m #rs and Ballet Russe 
onte Carlo with Massine. Prank- 
i. ailov and Toumanova.—M.Y. 
Sands bian 


| Webb r 
ied cant oe 


of spy 
‘itish na ty to . 
brilliantiv einen 
h back 


4 boy in racetrack pet- | 


discha captain reenlists, | 
a engey himsele and wins pretty girl | 
ent 


life of | 
contemporary gun inventor ee | 


Trees—Unserupulous logging operator | 


| Simple old-fashioned action | 
redwoods in : 


| s a Big Country—B 
tally and pow ae 
attempt to examine tee 
elements making up U. 

Jack and the Seanstalk— 
Costello ven 
Sul 
str 


shown 
hugh with Shirley 
in title role.— 


M.Y 
Jet ‘eae jet planes in ac- 
t me pa | vsivuations in stery of | 
-Conf backstage | 


m a mystery in burlesque house. —M 
eed b migetecy Sp, Baxi ange 


sonad 
Mag 


A 


jam test.—M. YC. 
1o—Triangle, with cops-and-+robbers 
tien, involving 
ator, blues 
Pertuguese, colony 
scenery 


in 


per my deft 


pee 
soda wateaa eh life with lpr 
sot ‘Daney Wies—Grouner 


Port—Labored comedy in- | 


lus hundreds of Ringling : 
arnum & <del human an 


imple story featur- | 


and | NAVAJO—Simple rarely « 


| 
| 


May 22, 1952 


_Aaren Slick From Punkin 
Merrill, Alan Young, Dine 
songs bucolic tomedy in 
Pez. Come Komm 
ispy love story about German 
anco-Prussian 


a girl during 
avert pursues 


noes Italian 
rse—Simple story of cow- 

—— he has 
ees rancl 
vat 


Red leon ta 
| outdoor rough-and-tumb 
Ww tens in West, ~ 2 


Cross girl | 


ings of Da 
smuggling, centered on 
mixed with other pilot “ 


MY SIX CONVICTS—Young ison 

chologist learns valuable | as 
wins of convicts in 

/ ing, admirably portrayed story. —~M.Y. 

My Sen, Jebn—Confusing ideological 

preachmént dealing with what happens 

when a Roman Catholic parents 

begin to suspect their son is ccaaily 


Communist spy.—M. 


= ge about — 
ye bir, ve ucabion “bro 


turization of | 
Veembling and 


4 


CHRISTIAN Sc 


\ 


TENCE MONITOR, BOSTON 


, 


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, THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1952 _ 


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Priced Much Lower 
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to a page—such 
n speak to us. Once seen 
never forgotten. 


; jing can quite take 
. Men and women can 
abeut + book, know its 
be well informed con- 
islations and edi- 


little New Tes 
through an early war with a foot 
soldier, and something is likely to 
happen. The experience is lasting. 
‘This morning J had the privilege 
of poring over @ First Folio King 
James Version 6f 1611, soon to go 
on exhibition if Boston. Its heavy 
Blackletter tyge is not easy to 
read, its huge beards covered with 
leather and deforated with brass 
make it too im@osing for intimate 
acquaintance; But it is a treasure 
to be loved an@ cherished. Hon- 
ored for all it Ras meant to us, it 
is the venerabje ancestor of the 


randy little leafher-covered Bible 


SPR i 


ure. Desioned § perfect, if seems 
custorn made for you. Nylonized 
nylon and embfpidered marquisette. 


OLMSTEAD CORSET SHOP 


218 Modison Ave, at 36th St. 


smarter fico- = . 


: we may read every day, and it has 


anyone who looks 


huge carved case. The first Bible 
set with movable type, the Guten- 
berg is the most famous in the 
world, In the course of a year, 
thousands of persons pause rev- 
erently to look at its great open 
pages, examine its heavy binding. 

Those who see it are the better 
for the experience, whether they 
know it-or not. For at least one 
brief moment, they have stopped 
to think that the important mile- 
stone of progress represented by 
the invention of movable type 
was celebrated by the printing 
of a Bible, as the highest service 
to which printing could be put. 

The well-planned Bible exhibit 
can be educational. It also can 
contribute to the visitor's spirit- 
ual experience, helping him to 
lift the Book af Freedom to the 
place of reverence deep gratitude 
reserves for it. Many of the man- 
uscripts and old leather-bound 
books owned by libraries and col- 
lectors are so valuable or so frail 
that they usually are kept in spe- 
cially treated vaults. Unless you 
take advantage of an _ exhibit, 
therefore, you seldom have a 
chance to see them. 


| Rich Rewards 

| The effort is worth making. Go 
out of your way to take in a 
major exhibit, or stop long enough 
| to see a permanent. exhibit such 
as that at “Bible House,” London, 
New York, Chicago, or elsewhere, 
headquarters of the Bible so- 
cieties, and you will be rewarded 
| with enriched understandings and 
| appreciations, 

| Last week I went to an opening 


| Zion Research Library in Brook- 
| line, Mass. Zion is a Protestant, 


_NEW YORK ciTY 


NEW YORK 
EXPERTS 
A in 


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Jor Your 


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the article or service you need is 
not found in this issue call 


PLAZA 7-1222 


Hours 8:40 te 4:45 daily except Saturday 
end information will gladly be\ given 


regarding local end general adver- 
tisers im this paper. 


The Christian Science Monitor 


588 Fifth Avenue New York 36, N.Y. | 


: « 
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An Adwertises n 

. The Chiistiarg Science Monitor 


Sinvge 1930 


ANNA-MI 


INC. 


’ 


1192 LexingtonvAve., cor. Bist $F. 
~ NEW YORK CITY 


| nonsectarian library for the study 


"; of the Bible and the history of the 


Christian church, and has a dis- 
tinguished collection of Bibles 
and manuscripts in its vaults and 
on its shelves, With the greatest 
of ease, the librarian, Miss A. 
Marguerite Smith, and her staff, 
Can stage an exhibit of unusual 
interest. ' 

The current one specializes in 
the Bible in English, taking us 


| down the years from Wycliffe to 


the American Revised New Testa- 
ment of 1946, 


Enecrusted With Gold 


Wycliffe is represented by a 
_ Purvey 1400. It is a small, hand- 
| Written volume, with beautiful 
| initial letters encrusted thickly 
| with gold. Even a brief look at 
page speaks of the devotion that 


nothing of the translating—in the 
midst of persecution—that had to 
precede the bookmaker’s art. 

A Coverdale Bible may be-seen 
here, too, and many other inter- 
esting “firsts,” including a Gene- 
va, a “Great She,” a Matthew’s. 
and the first Bibles printed in 
each of several’ states — New 
York, New Jersey, Vermont, Mas- 
sachusetts. 

An original “Chained Bible” of 
1578 with the heavy chain that 


<= 


¢ 


Sof;| Another noteworthy exhibit, | 


shoulder strap pouch with 
outside 


SESCESS Se 


| held it to a church pillar, where 
isomeone who could read would 
read aloud to the parishioners 
gathered around, is on exhibi- 
ition also. Among famous ex- 


'shown is a Doves Bible, done by 
the Doves Press in 1903, with 
\specially designed’ type which 
|afterward was thrown into the 
| Thames. 

Standing before each volume. 
one is taken back through history 
to old cathedrals and monasteries, 
to early printers and translators. 
to Oxford and Cambridge Uni- 
versities with their robed schol- 
ars, and into the New World to 
| informal, secret presses in base- 
iment shops in the days of the 
American Revolution, 


Vital Source of Reference 


Counted one of the greatest of 
Bible exhibits in recent years is 
the one held by Pierpont Morgan 
Library in New York -in 1948. 
The catalogue of this exhibit is 


es, an important source of reference 
meea even today. The manuscripts and 
=} volumes exhibited were chosen 


| from the library’s huge collection, 


Sao) With the purpose of showing the 


an ia growth of the trans- 
ission of the Scriptures among 
he peoples of western civiliza- 
tion.” A period’of 1,500 years was 
covered, with the evolution of 
Bibles from the fourth through 
the eighteenth centuries. The his- 
tory of the Bible in English was 
get forth in the greatest detail. 

Oldest item in the exhibit was a 
genuine Mesopotamian tablet 
giving an independent account of 
the flood earlier than the Genesis 
record: 


WEDDING 
cUP 
= A crystal cup en- 
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_. games of the Bride 
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The cup is 6 inthes high. Please al- 
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KATHARINE B. WARD 
PLEASANTVILLE NEW YORK 


DON'T TAKE CH 


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| of the current Bible exhibit of the | 


the tiny, even lettering on each | Ee . 
Interesting Features 
went into the “publishing,” to say | 


Mail orders filled Wo C.0.D.'s please} 


; 


K-TheBl 


London the same year, Was 


“The Bible, in 
) Life,” and here, too, the 
jue is good reading for its 
make, the data classified 
headings bringing out dif- 
aspects of -the subject. 

. The exhibit began with the Vul- 
gate of 382-405 in a 13th century 
eopy and the Lindisfarne Gospels 
of 690+700 in facsimile, and car- 
ried down the years through the 
modern language translations like 


those 6f James Moffatt and Edgar 


J. Goodspeed. 
by women translators, Ox- 
“The Bible for Today,” with 
its interesting prefacés and wood- 
'cuts, arid a supplementary section 
containing the Bible in Basic Eng- 
lish and in some of the “mission- 
ary” tongues, In this section was 


Greek land English Version which 


| Africa. 
‘Cooperative Enterprise 
A ‘Dye catalogue obviously 
is too | great an undertaking for 
| more odest Bible exhibits, but 
| well-chosen, interesting points 
about hos item should always be 
| provided in the form of printed or 


Included were! 


\the capy of David Livingston’s 
the explorer took with him to 


'tions of the Bible, including stu- 
dents’ Bibles and Bible-study 
aids? Bible students in the town 
have their favorites and will be 
glad to show them, These should 
include examples of volumes by 
all the well-known Bible pub- 
lishers, special editions like “The 
Modern Readers’ Bible,” the 
“largest” and the “smallest.” 
Bible publishers will be glad to 
cooperate, as will local book- 
stores. 


Local Participation | 


| You may not be able to show 
‘originals of great bookmaking 
‘like a Bruce Rogers Bible, but 
you can write to the publisher 
for a booklet about it, and show 
a picture of a page. © 

Loca] interest is encouraged by 
having a section on family Bibles 
of the community, These may not 
i they are worth including, for they 
spell community participation. 

Bibles that have been: through 
|a@ war or pn a world trip or in 
| some other special way have in- 


Good Backgrounds Help 


be much .as exhibit items, but 


Role of ‘Guidebook o 


terest can go into this section. ' 
Someone may have a Bible once 
owned by Benjamin Franklin or 
on which some American Presi- 
dent took the oath of office. 

The cards. in these intimate, 
more persona] sections of the ex- 
hibit give interesting bits of in- | 
formation—a real challenge to the. 
committee putting on the exhibit. 


The books and manuscripts are 
arranged to tell a story—for ex- 
ample, chronological arrangement | 


certain 


Jf the guides know their bi 


’ 
: 


People don’t like to be ta 


; 


| have acq 
it it well to have a guide or 
who will stand ready to point 
in things in a friendly, 
obtrusive way, and be able 
answer questions. 


te 


for the history of translations into 


ground, and are clear as to 


ini 
Ls 


English. Good: lighting is an im- | 
portant item, The old books are | 
hard to examine properly, even | 
in fairly good light, Some should | 
be open to arresting pages, others 
closed to. show their bindings. 

Protection from handling and 
from theft needs to be considered. 
Even a shoddy old family Bible 
of no particular distinction is ir- 
replaceable, 

Backgrounds must not be too 
distracting. However, maps of 
the Holy Land and posters of var- 
ious sorts have been used to ad- 
vantage. 
ground over which a Bible quota- 
tion in large letters is placed has | 
proved most. effective. One quo- | 
tation used in this way is: “The | 
Lord gave the word: great was | 
the company of those that pub- | 
lished it.” (Psalms 68:11.) — | 


’ 
; 


\typed eards. Remember that the | 


card miust be read from some dis- 
‘tance, often through a glass case, 
and a in merely passing by. 
It therefore must be clearly seen, 
and miust give in the first few 
words tthe essentia] points of in- 
terest. |For those who can afford 
to linger to read further, it can 
add a few more points, but the in- 
formation given must not be 
heavy. | 

A Bible exhibit makes a good 
cooperative enterprise for the 
various churches and other or- 
ganizations of a community. It 
often is surprising what can be 
both locally and through some 
planning and borrowing. 

Once| a theme or subject has 
been settled upon-—guided pos- 
sibly by what is seen to be avail- 
able—a| background study of the 
period ito be .covered should be 
'made. Libraries like the Zion Re- 


search and public and church lj- | 


turned jup in the way of material, | 


Kay Windsor’s 
print cotton 


braries |have collections of vari- | 
ous sizes, including reprints which | 
‘may be borrowed. In the Zion 
'library,|/one may borrow original | 
‘pages from old Bibles, and fac- | 


simile pages. The Bible societies | 


‘also have exhibit material—kits 
‘including facsimile pages, Bibles 
‘in the “missionary” tongues, maps, 
| posters,|and pictures. 


|" “It is important to include if 
| possible| original leavés from fa- 
mous Bibles, such as a page from 
the 161] King James Version or 


script Psaltery,” Miss Smith 
Zion Research stresses. 
Somepne in 


'a_famotis “first” or an original 


leaf or old manuscript. Even one | 


'or two of these can make a dis- 
tinguished addition to the modest 


ae 
the community | 
may know an individual owning | 


a page from an old code or manu- | 
of 


Full of fashion news, with a sldeveless cover-up halter-top, 
wide-winging collar . , ..a voluminous 6-yard sweep to the 
whirl skirt! Boasting twinkly buttons, a peeping pocket 
kerchief, belted in shiny plastic patent! Black, navy or 


brown flower print on white ground. Sizes 10 to 20, 


|exhibit.|In fact, a little prelim- | 


inary scputing may turn yp quite 


te material no one knew | 


|about—for people are interested 


|in Bible exhibits, and if they have | 
lanything good they like to share it. | 
“amples of the bookmaker’s art | 


| Furthermore, how about beau- 
| tiful and well-made modern edi- 


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__THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1952 


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"Today's Quotations on the N.Y. Stock Exchange fs Shaw 


Si] SAG ft me uw s» Se! Prices Higher 
Pub Sv ind iat 3 30% ae: 
New York 
Heavy demand for railroads 
nt the stock ahead 


o | 
*  aeak Oats ‘ie 3 274 ) , : 
Quak St Oil 2 25 25 est | : 
en | fractions to be- 
| tween 1 and 2 points throughout 
odo a 1 | oe the list = selective demand 
, pushing a few favorites more 
RadioCol sind | nay hi points. at times, 8 
_ Volume expanded on 
the rise to an bationsted’ task oes 
shares, one of the best markets in 
a month. The total yesterday was 


: Railroads rushed ahead after 
+ Ve ler 3e : 
7 Seltce Aas : ‘+ ; nae | Southern Pacific directors de- 
+144 )Cin G & E pt 4 , . i | clared a dividend of $1.50 as 
: | | : Ss in 7 7 ) against’ $1.25- previously paid 
| quarterly and profosed a two- 
for-one stock split, | 
: Trading in Southern Pacific was 
suspended for around 45 minutes 
while an orderly market was ar- 
ranged under supervision of stock 
exchange governors. It reopened 
7% — %, On a block of 8,700 shares up 3% 
34%4 — % at 7754, and it continued up for a 
* 10644 — 14! gain of around 5 poirits at times. 
aaa 4 %|.. Many coppers raced up earlier 
26%, + %| 1% the session after the govern- 
46 +4) |Iment authorized “higher prices on 
16% — %| Copper products made of foreign 
36a — Ve Copper, That means producers will 
a be able to pass on w# part of the 
c re cost of higher foreign copper. 
Outside of rails and coppers 
gains were more moderate, Not a 
+ % Single major division took a defi- 
| nite downward slant. ; 
41%,' _ Stock making good progress in- 
+ % Cluded Santa Fe, Atlantic Coast 
+ % Line, Anaconda Copper, Chile 
* + * Copper, Bethlehem Steel, Mont- 
>; 4, s0mery Ward, American Woolen, 
,and Texas Pacific Land Trust, 
Bend Prices Mixed 


The bond market developed. a 
highly mixed price pattern today 
, with gains and losses showing in 
, all major groups and frequently 
‘in different bonds of the same 
company. 

A feature of trade near the start 
of the final hour was a big 
scramble to buy Southern Pacific 
convertible 3s following a higher 
dividend rate and proposal to split 
the carrier’s common stock two 
for one, The bonds are convertible 
into the common stock and auto- 
matically move with the stock. 

| More than $260,000 par value of 

+ % the bonds had changed hands in 

{the first four hours of trade and 

‘— % the loan was up more than 8 

points. 

‘Other firmer spots included 
1% -' Brooklyn Union Gas 4s, Erie Rail- 
533% .doad 4%s and Gulf Mobile & 
18% +45, Ohio 3%s. P 
; . 57% +1%,  #On the losing end were a wider 
101% -_* 4 + % bea = bonds included those 

ae RP 34 — % of the Lehigh Valley Terminal, 

ws ah + Mme = 5¥9 Rock Island Railroad, Cincinnati 

8% + 4 Span hot 4.60 }|-00 tes bernie cre and Pennsylvania 
Ye! 


a a > 1. Seen Ch C pt 2409 

zara 2g 4 valshene Kall 2.60 “American Hard Rubber Rights 
: 323% | ve Special to The Christian Science Monitor — 

24% 24% = New York 

Te 1 

‘3% “BM va; The American Hard Rubber 
|Company is offering to holders 
“a of its preferred and common 
stock 96,655 shares of additional 


| 
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sikyDirty Sse » oS we 120 S| S&——_——— 
‘a ry ‘ Dow-Jones Averages 
3 | By the United Press 
May 21, 1962 


| Open High Low Close 
30 Ths 261.06 262.78 260.88 261.78 
20 94.41 95.17 94°84 
15 Utils 40.50 49.81 49.35 49.68 
65 Stocks 100.90 101.49 100.65. 101.14 


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Stock Transactions 


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nt MONITOR, BOSTON, 


DAY, MAY 22, 1982 


9 Mies 


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eo ee oe ee 
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der of this extended front was 
Republic of Korea 
British, and one Turk- 
t. The Korean divi- 


men and equipment, 


six : 
ai time was ae before 
the first major hostile offensive 
That time was used for 
visits to all corps and ci- 
vision commanders in their own 


battle sectors, in order to obtain. 


‘on the ground, as is possible in no 


other way, a personal estimate of 


the character and competence of 


the a arm of the prob- 
end conpitions confronting 


Hid 


| Based on those ‘visits, decision. 
— made that in the event of 


or hostile attack, the Army 
amet delay mn successive posi- 
nt coopera- 
ee, tens of 


Risin Thrown Back 


Year’s Eve, the major 
On New ed. It 


winter evening, with its main ef- 
soi converging attack straight 
jective Seoul. By the af- 

Se a Jan. 3 the situation of 

ong ea on the north bank of 
the partly: frozen Han, with its 


“ few bridges within range of en- 
% emy guns, became precarious and 
ae wi drawals to a secondary de- 


position were directed, The 


withdrawal and establishment of 
~ the secondary line south of the 


‘Bb 


was accomplished with only 
losses in so reagaes and 


ment, 
o.- hostile follow-up was un- 


aggressive, and. within a few days 


“* the Army was realigned intact on 


its new position. Intelligence had 
an unconfirmed 


earlier 
~ mass of 174,000 Chinese troops 
wi 


thin easy striking distance in 


the west alone, excluding the 


? North Korean forces to the east. 


» historical record, In February and | 


To check on this intelligence, ag- 
gressive reconnaissance was 
gta at once and steadily increased 


; ong Sk ‘on the combat intelli- 

ce* secured, the Eighth 

y, with all of its United Na- 

tions and Republic of Korea con- 
. was launched on Jan, 25, 


~ 1951, into a slow, thoroughly co- 


ted offensive, so. designed 
as to pretiade large-scale enemy 


- penetrations and the by-passing 


of substantia] enemy forces which 
t be a menace to the Army 

in its then weakened condition. 
The results of this genera] of- 
ve action are a matter of 


March of 1951, we repulsed two 
strong hostile counter-thrusts, in- 
flicting far heavier losses upori 
the wedge. than we ourselves suf- 
fered. By late March a year ago 

the Eighth Army knew it had 


§ ceoatrel of the situation. 
« Jabs Into North Korea 


With few checks and with/ 


scrupulous concern for the con- 


’ serving of every possible United 
’ Nations life, the Eighth Army, 


with its magnificent naval and 


. air support, moved steadily for- 
_ ward until by mid-April it stood 


-. agein, with 


ting heart, on or 


north of the 38th parallel almost 


éntirely across the peninsula, im- 


~ bued with sacmatrabi belief in its 


% aed © > 
. 


se. 
~*~ 
» 
es 


In ne-way could'its splendid 


; spirit have been better displayed 


than in the next succeeding six 
weeks, when, under the conspicu- 
_ ous battlefield leadership of Gen- 
eral Van Fleet, the Eighth Army 
met, checked, and destroyed two 
more major enemy attacks. Both 


of these had gaihed considerable 


and had penetrated deep- 
into United Nations territory. 


' the counteroffensive ‘and con- 


tinued its advanice until by No- 


5 i lh at reduced. 


conic 
sion it might 

In a scant 18 months, ng 
with that July day I 1950, 
when those t few immortal 
riflemen and airmen .saw the 
Communist their 


of the Republic of Ko- 
British Commonwealth, 


um, 
lands, Luxembourg, the Philip- 
pines, Thail Denmark, Swe- 


and, 
den, Norway, Colombia, and 
Italy, has left a record of fidelity, 
valor, and cooperation | unsur- 
passed in all military history. 


Lauds UN Truce Team 
» « » For more than ten months, 
. of men, representative 


of . as high p 
fidelity, courage, oe sion as 
any group cv ggpenion | Bag fwe 
similar purpose anyw 

time, have sought with ee faith 
and loyalty to achieve an honor- 
able armistice in accordance with 
the instructions of competent 
authority. 

That th have so far been 
unsuccessful is no slightest mark 
of failure, but rather, in my opin- 
ion, a monumental tribute to their 
strict adherence to United Na- 
tions concepts of human dignity 
and human rights and to their 
efforts in the cause of peace, As 
the military arm of a great de- 
mocracy, where that arm is com- 
pletely, and under alk.conditions 
and circumstances, wholly subor- 
dinate and responsive to civil 
authority, they have served well. 


‘ Day after day, week after weet, 
month after month, these sple 
did American soldiers, - sailo: 
airmen, and marines, with their 
colleagues of the Republic of 
Korea, acting on behalf of the 
United Nations, have striven with 
logic and reason, with patience 
and restraint, and above all with 
principle and truth, to overcome 


| the blind hatred, the vituperative | 


venom, the vicious falsehoods, 
deliberately employed, which are 
all inseparable elements of the 
technique of Communist epeeee- 
tion. 


| munist leaders that the United 


 pheabvalaad at this point 
“ ref again to the officially 
ted allegations of Com- 


in Korea has 


itaatons are false jn 
tirety; that no element of 
the United Nations command has 
employed either germ or gas war- 
fare in any form at any time. 


Cites Communist Menace 

In| the whole black record of 
false propaganda, these .charges 
should stand out as a monumental 
warning to the American people 
and the free world—a warning as 
menacing and as urgent as a 
forest fire bearing down upon a 
wooden village,“ The’ extent~ to 
which Communist leaders have 
gone in fabricating, dissemina- 


»} ting, and persistently pursuing 


these false charges should im- 
press upon.the brains of those who 
yet fail or refuse to’see the pur- 
pose of communism, the deadly 
danger. with which it confronts 
us and the free world. 

Today there rests in the Com- 
munist hand a logical, reasonable, 
and honorable proposal for the 
settlement on equitable terms of 
the three remaining major un- 
resolyed issues—- airfield con- 
struction, the Communist propos- 
al for membership of the Soviet 
Union as a member of the Neu- 
tral nations supervisory commis- 
sion, and the Communist demand 
for forcible repatriation of pris- 
oners of war. 

The United Nations command 
delegation, under Vice-Admiral 
C. Turner Joy, that §steriing 
American who has presided over 


r with such distinction through 


se ten months, still stands 
ready to remove by explanation 
and clarification, any. honest 
doubts or misunderstandings of 
the meaning of this proposal 
which the opposing delégation 
may harbor. It does not intend to 
bargain on those issues, the logic 
of which arid the réasons for 
which have been repeatedly and 
exhaustively débated. 

Acceptance or rejection, cessa- 
tion or continuance of hostilities 
in Korea, is now the responsibility 
off the Communist leaders. 


*Chelf Says Efforts 


_ By Perlman to Get 


“Secret Data Foiled |é 


By the Associated Press 
Washington 
Ti rentatitiys Frank L, Chelf 
‘g of Kentucky has disclosed 
t he balked an attempt by Act- 
ing Attorney General Philip B. 
Seectmen to get a transcript of 


2 gown testimony by a Justice De- 


~(R) of New York, 


t Sees who was de- 
mentally horse- 


Whipped” by :% 


se ittee inves- 
“tigating multiple rite of graft 
aeteeiaiaal 


amnont with Rep- 
ta Kenneth B. Keating 
a committee 
‘member, Mr, Chelf said Mr, Perl- 


man tried in vain to get the ver- 


~ Betim black-and-white testimeny, 


Scr ag - 


to the committee behind 


~ Mr. Branham is a lawyer in the 
“dustice Department's a iecrenand 


by 


top as nate Pent 


Assistant Attorney General 
n, to listen in on 


Mr. Branham’s confidential testi- 


- mony and “breathe down his 
_ neck, . 


Pe 
$$ 

/ ” 

“s v 5 
ee 
3 ‘ “ 
_ , 
» 


doors by Ernest L, Bran- 


Unions Accept Rail Pact; 


By the Associated Press 


Washington 

Union-Management peace, the 
first in more than three years, has 
come to the nation’s railroads 
and the government was ready 
to give up its. 21-month opqretion 
of the roads. 

Three rail unions, with a: com- 
bined membership of -1§0,000, 

a “memorandum of agree- 
ment” with the carriers in the 
White House. § : 

The . agreement, unlike. one 
signed by the same three ‘nnion 
chiefs in December, 1950, is 
binding on the rank-and-file, The 
1950 agreement was repudiated 
by a vote of the memberships of 
the three unions. 

[President Truman announced 
at. a news conference May 22 that 
he will return the railroad lines 


-to their private owners as soon 


as he can get the papers signed. 
He told the conference that the 
dispute could have been settled, 
-as it finally was, back in 1950.] 


‘Wage Boost Granted | 

The agreement, worked oni be- 
tween the carriers and the engi- 
neers, firemen, and condtuctors 
after intensive mediation efforts 
by presidential assistant John R. 
Steelman, does these things: 

1. Raises wages: 37 cents an 

hour for men in the yards and 
22% cents for over-the-roag em- 
ployees. 
2. Ties wages to the cost of 
living. Pay now goes up or down 
one cent each three months for 
each one-point change in the gov- 
ernment’s cost-of-living index. 

. Lays ‘the foundation for 
yardmen to switch from p 48- 
hour week to a 40-hour week 
and get a 4-cent pay hike when 
the shorter work week i takes 
effect. 


4. Gives the unions the right 
to reject carrier requests to run 
the ‘same train crew through a 


i divisional terminal point if the 


two parties cannot negotiate their 


to | disagreements over these inter- 


divisional runs. 


The long dispute dates beek to | B 


March, 1949, when the conductors 


first made:their wage and work- | Am 


ing rules. demands on the foads. 
Sinte then one or more of. the 
unions—and a fourth big operat- 
ing union, the trainmen-—-have 
one. on strike at least ‘three 
times, all for short duration. 


'Trainmen Settled 
The trainmen gettled their dis~ 


pute a year ago. The major differ~ 
ence, and one of the-very few, be- 


‘tween the Trainmen’s contract 
‘and the new agreement is the 


new rule on eas ghia runs. 
‘Ike’ and Shevdinson 
Win Newsmen’s Poll 


By a Staff Corr of + 


The Christian Science Monitor 


But the trainmen, who sat in on 
White House conferences May 21, 
are understood to have been of- 
fered the same interdivisional- 
run ryle as a result of the agree- 
ment with the three other unions. 

The government seized the 
roads in August, 1950, to avert a 
nation-wide strike, On two oc- 
casions the Army, technical op- 
erator of the roads, obtained no- 
strike court orders. The three 
unions are still working under one 
of ‘them, issued after a_ strike 
against the New York Central 
last March. 

The three unions said they in- 
tend to press their court fight 
against seizure despite the new 
work agreement. They contend it 
was unconstitutional and that if 
the courts rule otherwise thé gov- 
ernment should be compelled to 
take over all rail profits since the 
1950 seizure. 


Law to Expire 

The seizure came under a 1916 
law applying to transportation 
systems in time of war. The White 
House has said the law will ex- 
pire June 30. 

The questionable legal position 
of the government after June 30 
is one reason given for the stren- 
uous settlement efforts made dur- 
ing the past three weeks by the 
White House. 

Another is the delicate White 
House position in the crucial 
steel-seizure dispute, now before 
the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Return of the railroads, it 
was hoped, would enhance White 
House prestige. 

The agreement, barring unex- 
pected events, means substantial 
labor-union peace on the railroads 
for many months—possibly for 
the next year and a half, the 
duration of the present settlement. 


Dividend Declarations 


Extra 


. Pe- Pay- Hids of 
Company Rate riod al able Record 
Allied Mills 25c . 6-13 @-3 
iggs Stratton ide... 616 @& 2 
Shuron Optical 15c ..., 6-30 6-20 
Elec ‘ant te x 8a 
ec ur pt Pp ‘ -30 6-230 
Gary (Theo) & Co 20c ..| 7+ 1 6-20 
Public Bieo 4 pi =—s«sé83'«..| 6 2 5-18 
Irregular 
Stone & Webster . ‘ $1.. @14 €& 2 
Toklan Royalty The.. 6-16 5§-31 
Reduced 
Lambton LoanéInvat "Si. 8 +2 6-14 
Wilcox & Gibbs be... @16 63 
Initial. 
Sunbeam Corp (new) 2tc .. &ST 6-17 
med 
Artioom Carpet ide... 8-16 63 
Crucible Stl Am 2%% ..' 620 6-16 
al 
Unilever BL2% 
do nv. Te % 
Regular 
| Ala ai Gt $o Ry | $48 628 5-36 
4 6-25 5-26 
Allied’ 1 we Q@t-1i &é 
Allied 50c 6-13. 6-3 
am ‘Gyanamia ane Siac Q ae “6&2 
| lA €& 2 
pro Seal Go” B0c @ 7-1 = 6-14" 
Am Teil & Tel $2.25 3 +15 6-16 
Am Woolen $4 pf 81 a cu a 
Assoc Invest iG 63 613 
Birdsboro Sti FaM 30c .. 6-25 6-10 
Boreco Oi) 0c... @& 9 6-36 
Book of the Month 25¢ 7-1 4-17 
riggs & Stratton 25c¢ ¢ 6-16 6- 
va Watch Tic 627 6-10 
Calif Ink 75c g 6-20. 6-10 
CaCrush&aCu mepf 61.50 7-2 6&2 
Carolina Tel & Tel . $20 1 6620 
Cc ough Mig Sc 9 625 64 
Cits Invest 20c¢ 6-14 6-2 
Cleve Cliffs Iron 30¢ 6-15 63 
do pt | $1.12% “ 6-15 6-3 
City ? (Dayton) $1.50 6-30 6-14 
dopt : ba 6-30 6-14 
Coleman Co 25 6&6 56-29 
Conde Nast Pu lfc . 6-16 6 7 
Contl Com! Corp ie Q@ 6-16 & 6 
Coble Da pf 62%sc 6&1 6-15 
ton pf 28%ec 6- i 56-30 
ible Steel Am pf $1.35 @ 6-30 6-16 
er-Jarvis - Se @ 620 6&6 
Corset 200 .. hl 633 
Sates wc 6 ce 
Dayton tees sro” te 3 5-19 
L myn te | 35e 6 i §-15 
Dover ltd ibe’... G1 5-18 
Federal M & $i... 20 Co G- GG 
Food Fair Strs $106 Q@ +1 &&6 
Gau $1.. 6-24 6-10 
Seamtisrtew Hag ee fe 
Some a th te 
t No 
Hastings Mtg isc... 6-4 €- 
Home Title Guar We & 6-30 6-25 
Hoover Co 25¢ 6-20 6-9 
do 4% Bf 61.12% 6-30 6-30 
gitieatin Eats EH 
tse @ 613 - 2 


™~% 


and gas |. 


cents a pound specified in the old 


price on copper products, 
to let the U.S. manufacturers pay | 
more im 


of tation per moving 
“oi cnn 
Per May 9, 

effort|to get a higher ata 
plan is to let copper wire 
brassmills charge more for 
ucts when made of im- 


ported copper. 

Office of Defence Mobiliza-~ 
tion announced that the Office of 
Price | Stabilization will permit 
cop Wire; and brass mills to 
add. to their ceiling prices 80 per 


Chilean agreement. 
Chile has been seeking a price 
h 33.or 34 cents a potind. 


No US. Copper Price Changes 

aha ODM Director John R. 
Steelmian, issuing the announce- 
ment, barred any change in 
dom coppér prices in these 
words: 

“It is. the policy of the United 
States Government not to make 
now and to avoid in the future 
changes in the existing price 
ceilings on domestically refined 
copper, brass mill scrap, or cop- 
per alloy scrap.” 

At Santiago, Chile, President 
Gabriel Gonzales Videla told the 
Chilean .congress the copper im- | 


| ported copper 7 
T » move was designed to get’ 


qi toa Bou any Mills 


Botany Mills, | 
his father, the jate Colonel 
Charles F, H. Johnson. The new 


president in March. He previ- 
ously served as vice-president 


ant to the former president, was 
elected executive vice-president 
and general manager. 


passe with the U.S. has been bro- 
ken, He said the solution was “a 
practical demonstration of the 
good-neighbor policy.” 
Periodic Announcements 

The Chilean president said the 
formula would permit North 
American private firms to buy 
Chilean copper at the world mar- 
ket price and not be bound by 
ceiling prices, 

OPS will announce periodically 
the intreases in ceilings on copper 
products, ODM said. The first ad- 


quarterly thereafter to reflect 
variations in foreign prices of cop- 
per and the proportion of foreign 
to domestic copper used, 


By the Associated Press 
- Washington 
President Truman has author- 
ized the withdrawal of up to 22,- 
000 tons of copper from the na- 
tional defense stockpile to com- 
pensate for the shutoff of ship- 


Stockpile Withdrawal) 


Roads to Be Returned 


ments from chile. | 

The announcement was made 
by acting Mobilization Director 
John R. Steelman. He said the 
withdrawal is necessary to head 
off “serious damage to the mobili- 
zation program and disruption of 
the economy.” 

If imports can be resumed 
quickly from Chile and other for- 
eign rces, Steelman said, ‘it 
may not be necessary to dip into 
the stockpile for the full tonnage 
aathorinen by the President, 


Three Exchang 
To Trading Hours 


By the Assoviated Press 
New York 


Longer trading hours now have 
been voted by three of ‘tlie na- 
tion’s security exchanges. 

The new trading hours starting 
June 2 will be 9 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. 
Eastern Standard Time on Mon- 
day through Friday. 

The New York Curb Exchange 
took the initiative Monday and 
added 30 minutes to the trading 
day. The Midwest Stock Ex- 
change followed suit May 21. The 
Detroit Stick Exchange matched 
the hours by adding 15 minutes 
to its closing time. 

The New York Stock Exchange, 
whose members have long been 
fighting over proposals for longer 
hours, so far has taken no actiofi 
to change the present five-hour 
session. | 

When the longer day begins, all 
of the exchanges will be on their 
Saturday closing schedule for the 
four summer months of June, 
July,. August, and September. 
The Saturday morning market is 
only two hours. 

Governors of the Crub Ex- 
change put the entire matter on 
an experimental basis. If it results 
in mord business and proves 
otherwise satisfactory, the new 
hours will be retained. 

It also was indicated that trad- 
ing on Saturdays will be aban- 
doned if that, too, proves ssatis- 
factory. 


es Add 


Federal Policy 
On Union Pay 
Demands Hit 


By the Associated Press 
New York 
P. C. Spencer, president of Sin- 


ernment for “encouraging unwise 
wage demands” and a taxation 
policy that is “well-nigh eonfisca- 


justment will take effect June 16; | tory. 


changes will be made monthly @r | 


He told the annual stockholders 
meeting the administration ap- 
pears willing to “subvert its own 
stabilization plans by encouraging 
unwise wage demands.” 

Mr. Spencer added: 

“At the same time, its stand on 
prices seems to assert that there 
should be no reliance on the time- 
tested law of supply and demand 
to decide who should bear these 


increased burdens, but that they | 


should be assessed largely against 


'one particular group—the stock- 
holders in industry.’ 

Of taxes, Mr. Spencer said, “the 
enterprise that attains substan- 
tially more than the average suc- 
cess is faced for the time being 
with the penalty of well-nigh con- 
fiscatory taxation,” 

He noted first quarter earnings 
of $20,969,000, or $1.71 a share, 
compared with $18,397,000, or 
$1.52 a share, a year ago and said 


ysecond quarter earnings would be 


augmented by a “substantial non- 
recurring profit.” 

He said Sinclair has a 51 | 
cent interest in Southwestern be- 
velopment Co,, and that last year 
Southwestern filed with the Se- 
curities and Exchange Commis- 
sion a voluntary plan designed to 
or its holding company sys- 
em 

As part of that plan, he added, 
Sinclair agreed to divest itself of 
its interest in Southwestern and 


in certain stocks to be distributed 
by Southwestern. 


One of these stocks, he said, 
Colorado Interstate Gas Company, 
was recently distributed by 
Southwestern, And Sinclair 
promptly sold its distributive 
“i for approximately _ $9, 300,- 


Capital expenditures for both |s 
replacement and expansion inh 
1951, he said, hit a new high of 
18 million dollars, The largest 
item was 75 million dollars for 
crude oil production and related 
activities. 

He said that this' year total ex- 
penditures, will be considerably 
higher, in part because of the 50 
million dollar new "Big Inch” line 
to modernize and enlarge the seg- 
ment of Sinclair’s crude oil pipe 
line system between Cushing, 
Okla., and East Chicago, Ind. 


|} net income, was $688,15 


B. Sees 


pyre eng 30 compared 
with th $18" ;728,418 a Sb yrs ago. 


= it 5 ge first quarter 


af- 


i a  sneaeuna in 
Preocns Lage yell arg 

Co., 

ine 4H ‘a: pealaleany on consolidated in- 

come, .account for three 


the 
months ended March $1, 1952 
ngeey: net income of 4 ,050,014 
or $1.27 per share on 
shares of capital stock 
ing. For the same period last went 
lidated net income was $12,- 

166.605 605 or $1.40. Per share. 

‘The equity in undistributed 
earnings of 
Cable Co., not consolidated and 
not included in the consolidated 
for the 
three months ended March 31, as 
compared with $697 Sy for the 
same period last year. 

Allen B. Dr. Mont Laboratories, 

12 w ended 


Ine., for 
| March 23, 1952, net profit/of $114,- 


000, or 3% cents a shate on 2,- 


361, 054 shares of common stock. 
Net for the like 1951 iod was 
gh 


$1,022,000, or 42 cents a 
Ray bestos- Manhattan, Inc., 
ported for the quarte aad 
March 31, 1952, net profit of 
$919,994, or $1. 47 a share, 
pared with net of $1,134,711, or 
$1.81 a share, in the “ 1951 
quarter. Net before federal tax 
525,011. to $2,711,094 ste $3,- 
1] 


Fi 


8,674,329 | 


a 


i 
a 


tH 


3 


5 
3 
: 


q 


of the 85 edurators, 
bank 


Inflation Types Explored 
The basic research prepared for 
the conference explored American 
and foreign — inflations,_ 
a types,” and major ‘prob-~ 


“The ‘research found the United 
States inflation was far removed 
from that which hit many foreign 
nations as hyper-inflation, a type 


which sends prices skyrocketin 
and wipes out currencies. | 


The classic example of e/g 
inflation of World War I was 
many. That nation’s index of 
wholesale prices based on 1913 
as 100 stood at 126,160,000,000,000 
wd June, 1923. German curren¢ty 


in circulation rosé from. 30,000 


000,000 marks in June, 1919, to 
496,507 million as in Decem- 


ber, 1923. 


AT&T Aus 


‘clair Oil Corp. criticized the gov- | 


_| debentures. 


— 


unces Terms 


Of Half Billion Financing 


New York 

‘Ktrectind of the Ameri 
phone & Telegraph °o, an- 
nounced the company’s record 
new financing would be in the 
form of approximately $500,000,- 


000 in 3% per cent convertible 


The new financing, largest in 
history by private enterprise, was 
authorized by stockholders at 
their annua] meeting April 16 to 
add new facilities to meet the 
continued heavy demands for 
telephones. 

The issue will be offered for 
subscription to 
the ratio of one $100 d 


prospectus will go to s 
in mid-June and _ subscription 
rights, which may be sold or 
transferred, will be mailed about 
June 26, The subscription period 


may be 
converted to a share of (common 
stock upon~surrender of| the de- 
benture and payment of| $36 ad- 
ditional in cash—or ‘at a rate of 
$136, The debentures will be dat- 
ed July 31, 1952, They! will be 
callable for redemption) on 30- 
days notice starting July 31, 1954, 
with an initial redemption price 


of $107. 
The new issue eclipsed the old 


N.Y. Banks’ Me 


By the Associated Presp 

New 

Proposed merger of th 
facturers Trust Company 
New York Trust Compan 
the fourth’ largest ba 
nation -has been -called o 
The plan was arenas because 
of lack of “enthusiastic rt” 
of New York Trust Company 
tockholders, an announcement 


Th erger plan, ounced 
pthe—smerger, plan, arinounced 
banks, would have created the 
New York Manufacturers Trust 
Company, with deposits of $3,- 
275,000,000. 

The new institution ne have 
ranked below the Bank of Amer- 
ica, of San Francisco, with de- 
posits of $6,816, 000,000: ational 
City Bank of New York, $5,443,- 
000,000; and Chase Nation I — 


of New York, $5, 150,000,6 


Plan Called Off 


Pe- Pay- Hids of 
Company Rate riod able Record 
Kansas City P & Lt 40° Q 6-20 6-32 
Keystone F Cem Tc... G12 6 3 
Kidde (W)i&Co  - Sc Q 1 6-18 
Kelsey-Hayes Wheel A ‘5c 7 1) 6-13 
La Land 50c 6-16 6- 
Lefcourt a We 6-25 6-17 
... | Lorillard |(P) Mec.. +l &€ 
do $1.75 7-1 €&&6 
Los les Invest $2.50 6-16 6 2 
Macy (R H) & Co $0c 7 1 @&9® 
Mange! Stores 25¢ 6-16 6-5 
archa Mach 62%ec @ 6-15 5-31 
March Re Me. 6-9 6 2 
Metal & Tihermit pf $1.75 6-30 —«6- 
Mich Gas & Ei 45c 6-27 6-15 
odern Containers §0c 6-2 5-20. 
saojad Hotiery pf eucad ii eis 
ojud Hosiery 4c - - 
M tom Purn 4c... 8-30 56-30 
Muskegon!P Ring 'i5e.. 6-30 6-13 
Ohio Watér Serv W%4e Q@ 630 6-13 
©’ Okeip Copper $1.66. 613 66 
cific Timber. $1.50 Q@ 62 5-30 
Petrol & Tdg Corp A w5c .. 612 6-5§ 
Mik i™ 25e 3 71 6-21 
tts Pore ing “a ee es 
| 50c 6-12 6-5 
cy 40¢ 6-30 6-6 
$1.02 6-30 6-2 
$1.17% 6-30 632 
35¢ 6-30 6-2 
75e @ 6-14 56-39 
25c 6-15 §-31 
S0c .. 6-12 §-31 
50c ., 6-14 §-31 
wine G Sis 2 
ake cis af 
35¢ 6-30 6-30 
35c .. 616 5-30 
50c @ 6-16 5-30 
20¢ 7-15 6-30 
32 4c 8-15 7-31 
SOc 6-16 6-3 
30c 6-10 
20¢ 7-1 €il4 
0c .. 10 & 
50c Q 6-5 
25¢ 7 1 6-1 
25c 2 5-3 
$1.25 6 2 6-15 
30c 616 6-6 
50c 6-10 6-2 
25¢ 6-16 56-22 
Non wl 30c 6-16 66 
= ec & 6 5-39 
25c @ 6-10 
$1.25 C 6-16 63 
25c .. 92 
25c .. 10+ 1 §-20 
$0c 3 6-20 «& 2 
“20¢ 6-15 


= / 


| annual $9 rate. 


~— 


By the Associated Press 


record 
Tele- | $415,414,000 issue of convertible 


set by the company’s 
debentures March 19, 1951. That 
issue carried 3% per cent interest 
and was convertible to common 
stock at a rate of $138 a share, 
Directors of A, T. and T., par- 
ent company of the giant 
System that operates four-fifths 
of the nation’s telephones, also 
declared the regular quarterly 
dividend of $2.25 a share, payable 
July 15 to stockholders of record 
June 16, It was the 125th con- 
secutive quarterly dividend at tye 


Tower to Retire 


As Head of AISI) 


By the Associated Preas 
New York 


Directors of the American Iron 
and Steel Institute announced 
Walter S. Tower will retire Fri- 
day as president of the institute, 
a post he has held for nearly 12 
‘years. 


No action was taken to name a |@ 


new ‘persident. Mr. Tower will 


continue to render advisory and |f 


consulting services to the insti- 
tute, the announcement said, 

Mr. Tower's retirement was 
disclosed after the directors’ 
meeting held in connection with 
the general meeting of the insti- 
tute here. 

Max D. Howell, vice-president 
and treasurer of United States 
Steel Corp., was named by the 
directors to the newly-created 
post of executive director of the 


institute. He also was re-elected 
treasurer. 


as institute 


| 


- 
- UNITED FRUIT COMPANY 


212th 
Consecutive Quarterly Dividend 
A dividend of seventy-five cents 
per share on the capital stock of 
this Company has been declared 
payable July 15, 1952 to stock- 
holders of record June 13, 1952, 


—— eins KZ 


ers, 
editors, and publishers whp took 
Anaconda Wire & | part. 


| The | 
that effects of inflation are differ- 


, 


. 
* 


7: Fae 


dont oh eeienenen pellets 
ers, 


Causes of inflation | 
Causes of inflation were found 

to center on deficit financing by 

federal and state governments and 


government wee feetth 
cized. The k book 


sembly commented on it ag fole- 

Ws: } 
“Though there is now a a relaxa~ 

tion in inflationary pressures, ime 

gi pending large defense expendi~ 

* | tures and budgetary deficits aye 

aoe threat of additional pene Ste 


eT he threat of further rearma- 
ment inflation must be measured 


against the background of ap ves 


mrental policies, which, 
~ | changed, may in truth this 
the ‘age of inflation.’ ” | 

The research found that anti« 
inflationarg reniedies are “ 
difficult to apply a cee of othe 
sition on the SS eatnes 
community wh Siete 
efit from inflation, or, wh poe 
that the sacrifices of an antiinfla- 
tionary program will ne be 


shared equitably. 


“Inflation creates vested. inter- 
ests and builds up strong political 
pressure in favor of its ue 
ance. These pressures are be 
found not only outside of 
ment circles but even within the 


tahoe me itself.” 


—_ 
\ 
5 
? 
} 


, 
: c o PO: = ~ 
, ne ee ~ ee eae . me DA TR ar aereamrans - - : + ok 
- : - - dimen = _ . = 2 
- P ’ st ‘-8 . ae ae 
2 yt a dy 
¢ > , — ; nee a 
y x ¥- 
< . ‘ ite MEP aah. 
- > . 
3 4 ~ hy 2% 
“ .- ime t tee ~ 
- ‘ me oe 


Public Service Electric | 
andGasCompany ~ 


| NEWARK. WN. J, 


ig 
if 


QUARTERLY DIVIDENDS 


Di of, 1.02 @ shore’ ths 
4.08% Cumulative Preferred 
$1.17% « share on the 4.70% 
= auens on Ge $1.08 tessa 
share on the $1.40 Divide 
Preference Common Stock, and 40 
cents a share on the Common 
Stock, have been declared for the 
quarter ending June 30, 1952, 
payable on or before June 30, 1 
to holders of record at the - 
of business on June 2, 1952, 


GEORGE H. BLAKE) 


Nt tp rept ae 


OFFICES 


We are pleased to annoynce 
the opening of an office in 
SYRACUSE, NEW YORK 
under the direction of 
_ KENNETH S. BAKER , 
Public Accountant and Auditor 
who # now affiliated with te firm 


MacDONALD BROS, INC. 


Management Engineers | 
Boston | 


IN PRINCIPAL | craps. 


——_ = 


Ne ew York Bonds —_—- 
imate Corporation Bonds | Sales in $1,000 High Low 2:00 
19 Mo P25! 
15 Alum Am 3\%s 64 10h 34% 101% 10150 19 MoP 6s7 ad 1% oat 11% 
13 Am & PP 5 2030. - | 89% MoP 5878G 102% 102% 102 
80 Am & For P 4.80s 87 seta ai 664 MoP $s81I 102 iis 
135 Am T&T 3%s 63 116% 115 115% 22 MoP 4s75 lls 13% 114 
32 Am T&T 3%s 73 104% 104% 104% | 2 Mor&E 3 % 686% 68% 
5 ‘aT 2548 57 | 114 113% 113% 5 Nat Dal 2%s70 % 7% 
46 Am T 2348 61 ts 107% 108 5 NOTerm 4853 10}% 101% 101 
6 Am T&T 2%s Ti | Os % 96% 2. NOTM 54os54 01% 1101% 101 
6A T&T 2348 75 | 96% 94% | 28 NYC 5s 2013 | (73% 73 
4 Am T&T 2%s 80, 83 82% 92% 10 NYC 44444s2013A 66% 66% 
10 Am T&T 2%s 86 | 8854 89% 89% 35 NYC 4508 6% & 62 
1§ Am Tob 3\%s 77 | 100% 100 100% | 42 NYNH inc 4%s2022 57 $7 §7%: 
2 Am Tob 35,62 | | 100% 100% 100% | 233 NYNHH 463007 6? 67% 
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‘way back in 1887, the New Eng- |’ 


pionship has been won by 13 dif- 


ferent colleges, but Boston Uni- 
versity never has been included 
in the select group. The Terriers 
expect to remedy this situation in 


the 65th annual sectional compe- | 


- ~ Since all 24 of the colleges com- 


this‘ year have entered in- | 
ncn Fe standouts, Boston Uni-} 


versity faces one of the toughest 


© fights in history before it can} 


+. join the ranks of winners. Dart- 
~~ mouth, which won 16 titles before 
’ the first World War, is no longer 
in the competition. | 
* Of the present | 
--leads with nine outright titles 
and a share of a 10th. Amherst 
has 8%, although the Jeffs have 
» not figured-in the top places since 
1905. Of the more recent crop, 
Rhode Island has seven victories 
‘in a 12-yeay span, but the Rams 
» have now e four years with- 
out a victory and are given only 
- an outside chance of scoring an 
™ upset this week end. 


Bowdoin Won Four 


_ Bowdoin has won four times 
. @nd shared another, BC has taken 

- three crowns gfnd tied twice, Wil- 
liams has three, Holy Cross and 

.. defending Tufits 2 each, threaten- 
“ing Brown 1%, and Northeastern 
and New. mpshire 1 each. 
‘While this weék’s meet is expect- 
ed to be close, it probably won't 
compare to the 1935 competition 

..@t Portland when Northeastern 
won by a 12th of a point over 
Maine, with third-place Bowdoin 
only five-sixth of a point back. 
- Boston University starts its 
title assault h big Cliff Blair 
of Hingham, jwho should score 
in double figutes in the hammer, 
shot, and discus. The Terriers 
also are counting on sophomore 
Jimmy Kelley of New London, 
Conn., who has the meet record 
in the mile as his goal. Kelley ex- 
pects to double in the two-mile, 
although he will have less than 
an hour’s rest. 
on Saturday. . 

The BU victory hopes-also are 
predicated on Cocapt. . Dud 
O’Leary of Milton, Eastern 440 
champion who is also a standout 
at 100 and 220 yards; and Co- 

: capt, Irving Black of Johnston, 
R.I., who upset teammate Blair 
in the hammer last Saturday. If 
-freshmen were eligible for this 
meet, the Terriers would have 


* » another sure winner in half-miler 


Bill Smith, but his points will not 
be available. 

Brown could ruin BU’s hopes if 
Gil Borjeson.and Walter Mo- 
lineux perform up-to expecta- 
tions. Borjeson, IC4A weight- 
throw champion three years ago, 

- @ould upset Blair in the hammer 
‘and perhaps beat the meet rec- 
_ord as well. Molineux, Heptago- 

- Nal indoor and oudoor mile cham- 
pion last year, has been running 
far off form but might bounce 
back to surprise Kelley.- 

The Bruins also have possible 
javelin, winners in Maurice Mat- 
teodo and Norman Steere, pos- 

sible sprint scorers in Mel Hol- 

“Yand and Gene} Whitlock, a half- 
mile .dark-horse in sophomore 
Bill Reid, nd) a standout shot- 
putter in b Sweeney, a 210- 
- pound threat. © s | 

Tufts hopes Brown and BU di- 
vide points betause the Jumbos 
might sneak through to a suc- 
cessful defense jof their title. Jack 
Goldberg, the transfer from BU, 
#ould win both hurdles, and the 
versatile Bob Jones should win 
the high jump! and score in the 

- _ Jow hurdles and broad jump. This 
“pair can give Tufts about 20 

‘points | 


~ Rhode Islan, shorn of the 
freshmen who helped the Rams 
“win the Yankee Conference 
crown last Saturday; should dom- 
inate the pole vault with defend- 
er Bob Linne and Dick Goodwin, 
while sprinters Rod Stoll. and 
Skippy 4 and high jumper 
Ron Ferrara contribute to the 

Rhode Island total. 

| Olympic Hopeful 

Northeastern starts with its 
. Olympic hopeful, . broad-jumper 
Sal Mazzocca of Medford, and 
also has Dick Rose of Melrose in 
the 440, Dick Ollen-of Cranston, 
R.I., in the milé, and standout Ed 
Shea of Dedham in the two-mile. 
Holy Cross could score near 


- the top if some of its sophomores. 


like Bruce McConnachie run to 
form. Jim McManus will defend 


group, MIT 


Bristol Cha 


out total to 109 in $235 innings. 
between the events | 


Professors Would 


quested by faculty representatives. 


poles A dvertisement 


Mr. Golf 


- $printer Bill Ellis and hurdler 
Bill Ranscht eould surprise for 
Wesleyan, while Harold Garner 
and Bill Falk top the Connecticut 
entries. Dick Zeleriy of Worcester 
Tech is looking for more points 
in the — while Providence has 
a flock of potential point-men 
headed by quarter-miler Bob 
Tiernan. |; | 


pter 

Of Necciai- Story 
Brought to: End 
| Bre the Associated Press 

rode 4 ‘ Bristol, Va. 

The Bristol chapter of the fab- 

ulous “Necciai Strikeout Story” 

has ended. | : | | 
For an averfiow; crowd which 

gathered to pay :him homage, 

Rocket Ron) Necciaj put a blazing 


climax last|/night, May 21, to his 
brief career in the class D Ap- 


4 


palachian League.: . 

He struck out 24 Kingsport, 
Tenn,, batters and pitcher a two- | 
hit, 7-1 victory for the Bristol 
Twins. It was only, eight nights 
—— that) he set a record for 
organized baseball by striking out 
27 in 4 nine+inning,: no-hit victory 


over Welch,|W, Vai . 3 

The six-five, 19-year-old Pitts- 
burgh Pirate farmhand from 
Monongahela, Pa., fan his strike-- 


Branch Rickey, Jr., vi¢e-presi- 
derit in charge of Pittsburgh’s 
farm system, tabbéd Necciai as 
definitely ready to thove up. 

Necciai is| expected to fly soon 
to Pittsburgh for ai checkup and 
to be assigned to another Pirate 
club. He may stay with the parent 
Pirates or be sent to the Holly- 
wood Stars of the 'Pacific Coast 
League. | : 


Channel Fands In 
Sport to Faculty 
By the Associated Presg 
| | ‘Levisville, Ky. 
Abolition of subsislized football 


and d¢emphasis of ‘basketball at 
the University of Lquisvilje is re- 


Three professors representing the 
90-member faculty of the college 
of arts and s¢iences asked trustees 
yesterday (May 21l)ito: | 

Abolish subsidized football and 
arrange to.|terminate coaching 
contracts; abolish the office of 
athletic director; ‘ deemphasize 
subsidized basketball; and apply 
all savings to genuine atademic 
needs, chiefly faculty salary in- 
creases. | . 
Louisville basketball teams have 
risen in national ranking in-re- 
cent years, Last séason’s squad 
went to the! Natiorjal Invitation 
Tournament in New York. Foot- 
ball teams haven’t done so well ) 

Dr. Philip Davidson, Louisville 
president, reported | the trustees 
took no action. He said the matter 
would be referred ta board chair- 
man Wilson Wyatt, former mayor 
and national housing expediter, 
who was absent. |. 

Roy Mundorff is athleti¢ direc- 
tor, having come here in January 
from Georgia Tech, where he had 
been assistant athletic. director. 
He now is campaigning to raise 
money from) outside sources to 
support athletics at the university, 
a municipal institution. 


Major League Leatlers 


By the Associated Press 


(May Uy 

American League 
Batting—Di M ston, .343; Mit- 
chell, Cleveland, . . Detroit, 340. 
Runs—Di Maggi 21; Avila and 
Rosen, Cleveland, 20. | 
Runs Batted In---Rosen, Cleveland. 22; 


Dropo, Boston, : 

s—Sim id and: Rizzuto, 
. Chicago, 41. 
ad Prid- 
uis, 8; 
ago and 


land and Dél- 
| Chicago, Avila 
id M in, De- \ 
‘Cleveland, 8; 


New York, 8; 
@ Avila; Cleve- 


Ww hingt J 4-0, 
pd Shea, Wash- 


| ae 
tiyn, .3$8: Mus- 
nig, Philgdeiphia, 


rid of him and go with Crowe— 
-——there is always the chance that 
Torgeson will suddenly blossom 


ganization 


‘Washington a few days ago, held 
the Athletics to two safeties yes- 


hit came with one out in the sev- 
enth, giving Trucks 1534 consecu- 
‘tive hitless innings. 


Torgeson or Crowe? — 


Almost since the beginning of 
this 1952 National League season, 
the press has been discussing the 


possible trade of Earl Torgeson by} - 


the Braves. The reasoning is that 
Tommy Holmes has two first 
basemen in Torgeson and big 
George Crowe—men who could 
play at no other position in the 
big leagues—and cannot afford to 
catry both on through the cam- 
paign. ..~ 

Every time some reporter writes 
the story all over again, the 
Braves deny all knowledge of 
such a plan, But, of course, the 
scribes have had a good case. It 
hardly makes sense that Holmes 
will keep two first sackers. 

However, there is only one 
hitch to the thing. How. can 
Holmes afford to part with the 
experienced Torgeson, who unh- 
doubtedly would bring the best 
player return on the open market, 
when he has not had an oppor- 
tunity to watch the rookie Crowe 
under the steady pressure . of 
games in the National League? 

Through the first 24 Braves’ 
games, Crowe had appeared 11 
times, 10 of them asa pinch hit- 
ter and only once as the starting 
first sacker, If Holmes, or any 
other manager, is going to leave 
himself unprotected at a berth 
except for a new man, he should 
know. more, about his man before 


unloading protection like Torge-/| uo 


som And that, evidently, is what} Qo 


Tommy is going to do—take a/ 
good look, | 

As a matter of fact, the Braves 
realize that they had better move 


with caution on Torgeson. Poten- } 


tially a standout all-round, Earl 


has’ not yet lived up to his early} 


OS PRS NE CRSA I tN REE Pe oe Naw BR Ie 
‘JAAKKO MIKKOLA ~ 


a) RENE PEROY » FENCING 


THE CHRISTYAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1952 


Coaches Retire | 


— J * i 
MRHAINES WAS ONCE ENGLAND'S | 
FASTEST MILE SCULLER. HE HAS, 
BEEN AT HARVARD FOR. THi 


ratteee. 
ca: aa eta 
PS Bt ct , 
Ms) tet 
e 2 


- 

4 + -, > 
ity ; aK 

Padicht 


MR. MIKKOLA JOINE D THE HARVARD 
STAFF THRTY+TWO YEARS AGO, 
HE 1S A FORMER COACH OF 
FINLANQ'S OLYMPIC TEAM vs 


an 
a - 
FEN ne 
4 


MR. PEROY,ONE TIME HOLDER 
OF ALL DUELLING TITLES (IN 
FEAMCE, ISATWENTY-FOUR | 
VEAR VETERANAT wT 1 
HARVARD, 


THESE THREE INTERNATIONALLY KNOWN COMCHES ARE 
LETIRING FROM CHE TURVARD STAEE JUNE, 20TH, 


promise. He hustles and is a fine/* 


competitor. He is one of the fast- 


est infielders in the league. But! | 


he has not hit enough for a first 
baseman. 
But if-the Braves should get 


who, by the way, is no yéungster 


into a star with some other team, 
thereby causing the Boston or- 
to lose considerable 
face, Furthermore, théy have a 
big investment in Earl and would 
not care to part with him unless 
the offer was a substantial one. ~ 
| ee 


They are firing Billy Meyer 
again. It happens every once in 
a while—just about every time 
someone notices that the Pirates 
are in the National League cellar. 
Meyer, you know, manages them. 

The latest story is out of Phila- 
delphia, where Meyer admits he 
hinted he might quit, but later 
told other newsmen that he was 
only kidding. He said he thought 
the fellow who wrote the story 
knew he was kidding. 

Of course, if they go on re- 
peating the story long enough, 
they are sure to be right even- 
tually. 

ee eo. 


Five records were broken at 
Ebbets Field, Brooklyn, last night 
(May 21), at the Dodgers de- 
feated the Cincinnati Reds, 19-1. 
It was one of the most devastat- 
ing single-game assaults on the 
record book in the modern his- 
tory: of the profession. The 
marks: 

New modern major league rec- 
ord of most runs scored in an 
inning, 15. 

New modern major league rec- 
ord for most times facing oppos- 
ing pitcher in one inning, 21. 

New major league record for 
runs scored in inning after two 
were out, 12. 

New major league record for 
most runs batted in in one inning, 
15 


New major league record for 
most men reaching base safely in 
succession, 19. 

Billy Cox, Peewee Reese and 
Duke Snider tied a record by 
going to bat three times in one 
inning, afid Reese, Snider, Jackie 
Robinson, Gil Hodges, George 
Shuba and Rube Walker tied an- 
other by scoring twice in the 
inning. 

After which Manager Charley 
Dressen made the understatement 
of the yeat. He said:-““Maybe 
we snapped out of our batting 
slump.” : 

As f 5 


Briefs . . . Because of last 
night's pastponement, the Braves 
and, Cubs played a double-header 
this afternoon... The Red Sox 
were booked for an afternoon 
date in Cleveland .. . Tomorrow 
is an open date in the Hub 


The Yanks come into Fenway on/ 


Saturday and stay through Mon- 
day night’... Johnny Pesky and 
Billy Goodman have stepped up 
their hitting for the Red Sox... 
Virgil Trucks, Detroit right-hand- 
er, who tossed a no-hitter against 


terday . .°. The first Philadelphia 


Mays In May 29 


; : New York 
Willie Mays, outstandi 21- 
year-old Negro center fielder of 
the Giants, will report for induc- 
tion into the Army on May 29. 
Mays, who hit .274 in 121 games 
last season, was originally sched- 
uled to report for induction on 
May 16, but his papers were de- 
layed’ en route from Fairfield, 
Ala., to New York. | 


| the 
‘Chevrolet team, from San Fran- 


_. National League 
: W kh $$ Pet. 
Brooklyn .. .20 741 
New York . 714 
Chicago 552 
Cincinnati 517 
St. Louis ...15 .484 
Philadelphia 13 464 
Boston .....11 423 
Pittsburgh .. 5 156 
| Results May 21 
| Brooklyn 19, Cincinnati 1. | 
| St. Louis 3-1, New York 0-8. |. 
Philadelphia 7, Pittsburgh 3. | 
Chicago at Boston, postponed, 
Friday’s Schedule | 
Brooklyn at Philadelphia 
(night). | 
Boston at New York (night). 


| 
j 
} 


: 


Haines, Mikkola and Peroy 


The following year he was coach 
of Finland’s Olympic team. at 
Antwerp. He served in the same 
capacity! at the Olympics at Paris 
in 1924. 

Mikkala joined the staff at 
Harvard in 1921 as assistant to 
Track Coach Bill Bingham, He 
became thead coach in 1936, The 
summer$ of 1935 and 1936 he 
spent in England coaching the 
English |Amateur Athletic Asso- 
| ciation, and several times he has, 
| together; with Yale coaches, taken 
'a combined Harvard-Yale team 
to England to meet Oxford-Cam- 


Three internationally - known 
coaches who will retire from the 
Rarvard University athletic staff 
June 30, will total 89 years of 


instruction, 

All three, Henry H. “Bert” 
Haines in rowing, Jaakko Mikkola 
in track, and Rene Peroy in fenc- 
ing, had many a successful season, 
and all are favorités with the 
Harvard alumni in other as well 
as their own sports, All of them, 
natives of countries across the 
Atlantic, are receiving tributes 
from the many pupils they have 


‘Chicago at Pittsburgh (night), 
St, Louis at Cincinnati (night). | 


American League 
W Pct. 
Cleveland ..21 .656 
Washington. .17 567 
New York ..16 552 
17 548 
ae 515 
eed A52 
Philadelphia 11 407 
8 276 
Results May 21 
Detroit 5, Philadelphia 1. 
New York 5, Chicago 1. 
Cleveland 5, Boston 1. 
St. Louis 2, Washington 1 (10 
innings). 
Friday’s Schedule 


Cleveland at St. Louis (night). 
Detroit at Chicago (night). 
Only games scheduled. 


GB 
3 


31% 


AAU Re kashaller 


Accepts Pro Bid 


By the Associated Press Z 
Baltimore, Md. 
Don Henriksen, big center on 
AAU champion ~ Stewart 


cisco, Has been signed by the 
Baltimore Bullets of the National 
Basketball Association. 

The 22-year-old Henriksen 
weighs 220 pounds and is 6 feet, 
8 inches tall. He has played two 
years with the AAU team and 
before that two seasons for the 
University of California. 


2 Sports in Briet 


(Wednesday, May 21) 


By the Associated Press 
Tennis 


: ’ Paris 
Australian Ace Frank Sedgman 
led the way into the third round 
of the French Championships 
with a 6—0, 6—3, 6—2 victory 
over Gene Garret, 
General 3 
Indianapolis 
Chet Miller set unofficial one- 
lap record at Indianapolis Speed- 
way touring the 2%-mile oval 
140.187 m.p.h, ' 
Cleveland 


. Cleveland Browns of NFL 
traded Tony Adamle and Dopey 


for Ace Loomis, : 
| ' Fall River, Mass. 

Manchester United, current 
English Soccer League champions, 
has clicked off its fifth-straight 
American victory — a ‘one-sided 
1l-1 decision over Fall River’s 


‘fentry in the American Soccer} 


League, 
| Da N.C. 


Davidson College announced 
the appointment of Danny Miller 
as head basketball coach. He suc- 
ceeds Boyd Baird who resigned 


last month, 


| Freshman 


Phelps to the Green Bay Packers | } 


Senne. 
the with that slogan in 


| bridge. 
Engineer and Designer 

An engineer and designer as 
well as & coach, Peroy has been 
developihg swordsmen at Har- 
vard since 1929, included among 
them several Olympic contenders 
and eastern champions, He has 
his own ishop at the Harvard in- 
door athletic building where he 
repairs jand designs Harvard 
fencing @quipment,. 

Born in Paris, Peroy came to 
Harvard|with 20 years of cham- 
pionship| amateur fencing and 
coaching! behind him. He studied 
with French fencing masters, and 


coached, and the three will be 
guests of honor at the annual out- 
ing of the Harvard Coaches Club. 
Bert Haines, dean of American 
rowing coaches, joined the Har- 
vard staff in 1920 after a notable 
career in his native England. 
coach until 1936, 
Haines since then has tutored the 
varsity, junior varsity, and fresh- 
man 150-pound eights, He has 
served with eight different head 
rowing coaches at Harvard, three 
times refusing the post himself, 


Born in England 


Born in the shadows of Windsor 
Castle, Haines grew up in a row- 
ing family, and at nine was cox- 
swain of a four made up of his 
father and three brothers. Bert 
himself became the fastest mile 
sculler in England, and coached 
and rowed professionally for 
many years before coming to Har- 
vard, Next month he will be mak- 
ing his 33d trip to Red Top, Har- 
vard’s crew quarters at New Lon- 
don, Conn. 

A native of Helsinki, Finland, 
Mikkola received his first coach- 
ing experience as an amateur 
club coach of track and field in 
Helsingfors from 1906 to 1919. 


dividual ichampionships and been 
a member of teams which won all 
team titles, Peroy was Prevot d’ 
Fencing of the French Army for 
two years and a member of 1924 
and 1928) Olympic Fencing teams. 

During his engineering career 
he helped design the engine of 
the Spirit of St. Louis, which flew 
Lindberg) across the Atlantic. De- 
spite hig developing numerous 
intercollegiate fencing champions, 
he retire$ with a record of never 
having found a pupil who could 
beat him 


_ Retiring From Harvard Sport 


he has been the holder of all in-| 


Churchill Wins First Round 


Of Denationalization Battle 


By Peter Lyne 
Parliamentary Correspondent of The Christi¢n Science Monitor 
London warm May afternoon in 1952 still 
Prime Minister Winston Church- ~ a the same sort of ques~ 
ill has won the first action in the Was it! ethically and economi- 
battle of denationalization and the cally right for traders to send 
first. of an apparently endless se-| their gooftis on the outward jour- 
ries of games of shuttlecock with | ney by road, and have the empties 
Britain’s transport industry by a/ returned at very low rates by the 
score of 305 to 283. 7 railways which are common’ car- 
That wag the strength of voting} riers by law and, therefore, have 
in the House of Commons on the | to fulfill ¢ertain tasks? 
night of May 21 in support of the Were not the railways an es- 
government’s white paper outlin-| sential part not only of the na- 
ing proposals to denationalize|tion’s ecpnomy but also of its 
road haulage, which late Attlee strategic | strength, and if so 
government had nationalized, should they not be subsidized? 
_ Labor spokesmen were equally! iq the Labor government of 
insistent that they would rena-/ cjement R. Attlee solve this prob- 
tionalize the denationalized in-| jem by it$ nationalization? 
rite as they were; Do Corjservatives indicate that 
urn e. . c 
Here! ten 4 Getribing they haved the answer in their de 


. > . 9 
practical example of such a situa- eye ae ae the 
tion as Was deplored by Clement i that . th would 
Davies, Liberal leader, at last ec Avner pin’ in their 
se err Liberal Party con-| renationalization plan? The an- 

He said he foresaw an endless swer to all these is, “No. 
stalemate in British governmental | Politics | Uppermost 
affairs, now that the Conservative The o enttnin af this tretiie 
and Labor Parties seer to have! . | 

pert sy clearly requires as 


settled into two equally strong| P 

oe gt sea ye Apeiond thuch of the nation’s best thought 
ment, he , would spend most/ a. possible, and as little as pos- 
of its time exactly reversing what sible of party politics, In: this 


its predecessor had done. 
‘Vote Liberal’ 

As a member of the fading Lib- 
eral Party, Mr. Davies had a nat- 
ural answer: “Vote Liberal and 
‘postwar elec-~ 
ons, , 

So it looks as if the battle of | 5¢ 
rt between Conservatives | 


most. ; 
The chief Labor spokesman, 
orrison, delivered a 
pk on Mr. Churchill for 


A notable cont: bution 


father and mother and} 


exchange of 
ae 


te 
; 
; 
' 
s 
} 
, 


‘Written for The 
ae : tend 
‘|Surely no country in the world 
can match for long and distin- 
gisished | Olympic service the 


7 | three British men who, all being 


well, will be in the march past of 


Between them the three of them 
have made 16 appearances in a 


span of-40 years. . 

Their names are Jack Beres- 
ford, J. rys Lloyd and George 
Mackenzie. Today I should like 
to give you news of this remark- 
able tria who, ag seems likely, 
will be at the Finnish capital city 
to raise its aggrégate score to the 
almost unassailable record posi- 
tion of 19 appearances in the 
span of 44 years. © 

Quite unintentionally I have 
mentioned them alphabetically. 
So let us have them up for review 
in that order, The other two 
would agree because Beresford is 
one of the very few sportsmen of 
the world to be awarded a Diplo- 
ma of Merit by the International 
Olympic Committee. He was 
awarded this following the Olym- 
pic Games in 1948. For that festi- 
val he had been called from the, 
outset of organizing preparations 
following the end of World War 
If. His knowledge of ajl-around 
Olympic procedure was profound 
but his chief duties were in con- 
nection with the sport in which 
his name resounds—rowing. 

No other man in the world has 
a record anywhere near compa- 
able to» Beresford’s in Olympic 

ating. The pride of Thames 
Rowing Club was Britain’s sin- 
gle sculls representative at Ant- 
werp in 1920 when he was sec- 
ond, In the same event at Paris 
in 1924 he was first. Four years 
later at Amsterdam he was a 
member of Britain’s eight that 
gained silver medals. 

At Los Angeles in 1932 the 
former Bedford schoolboy 
switched to four-oar rowing. He 
was first).in the coxswainless 
event. At Berlin in 1936 he made 
yet another switch and tock first 
place in the double sculls. There 


the 1940 Olympic Games not been 
abandoned Beresford at the age 
of 40 years would have been 
there in’some event or. other be- 
cause he was sculling as well as 
ever. And had he done so he 
‘would have set a world record 
for six successive Olympic ap- 
pearances as a competitor. 
Appointed Team Manager 


In 1946 Beresford was, as we 
have said, elected a member of 
the committee formed to organize 
the 1948 Games here in London. 
At the rowing regatta he was an 
umpire. Now he is a coach, And 


seems little doubt at all that had | 


nd Talking Of 


By Sydney Skilton | 
Christian Science Monitor i 


for H he has been appoint- 
or Helsinki : appoin 


nations at Helsinki this summer. Org 


foilist, He was 
seven times until 
feated in 1938. In 
had reached the fi 
pool at Los Angeles 4 


fore. Again he was fil 


missed third place only on account 


of more hits against him. Follow- 
ing that performance Lloyd was 


awarded the Feyerick Cup, a | 
trophy presented anrually by the | 
Union “ta, | 
dual whose | 
performance serves ag an example | 


International Fencin; 
the nation or indiv 


of good fencing and good sports- 
manship.” Po 4 

Lloyd was the first and so far 
the only Britisher to win the 
Feyerick Cup, Co uently his 
prestige is sky-high. He was again 
coaxed out of retirement to boost 
the morale of Britain's 1952 team, 
Indications are that Lloyd will be 
at Helsinki and althopgh 45 years 
‘of age will be an iexample of 
physical fitness to co 
years his junior, 

Home as 

But perhaps the 
of physical fitness is 
markable sexagenarian Mackene 
zie, who will be in charge of Brite 
ain’s wrestlers, Forty-four years 
ago he first participated in the 
Olyn:ipic Games. He| was there 
again in 1912, 1920, 1924 and 1928, 
That set a record for Olympie 
participation. It has been equalled 
only by Beresford and; water-polo 
player Paul Radmilovic, Macken- 
zie missed the 1932 Games but Ke 


srity 
est example 


e truly re- 


was back again in 19396 when he | 


Was a judge and a coach. 

He was back again too when 
the series resumed im 1948. As 
honorary secretary of the British 
Amateur Wrestling Asgociation he 
rearrled on his massive shoulders 
the responsibility of | organizing 
the two styles of pg "am com- 
petitions, Holder of no fewer than 
nine British championships in his 
time Mackenzie is a teetotaller, 
nonsmoker and vegetarian. He 
owns no hat, spurns ajcollar and 
tie and is an all-the-year round 
outdoor bather. He conducts all 
the BAWA business fram his little 
office in his North London home 
which he put up as fgecurity in 
order that a stadium to stage the 
1952 championships and Olympie 
trials could be leased to the wres- 


tlers, 


_— 


Capetown 

Some outside observers find it is 
almost frightening to sit in the 
House of Assembly in beautiful 
Capetown and listen to the Na- 
tionalist Afrikaner steam roller 
crunching over what they recog- 
nize as democratic rights. 

Consider May 20, when the 
House. adopted the report of the 
Select Committee which found 
that Sam Kahn, MP, is a Commu- 
nist in terms of the Suppression 
of Communism Act passed in 1950. 

The Nationalists are convinced 
they are politically flattening 
communism. But the suppression 
act is worded im such all-embrac- 
ing terms. that the “torch com- 
mando,” an opposition ginger 
group, marched on Parliament to 
protest against its sweeping na- 
ture—anyone not a Nationalist 
could be suspected of Communist 
sympathies and dismissed from 
his job because of this suspicion. 

Labor Seeks ILO Help 

[Reuters reports from Johan- 
nesburg that the South African 
Trades and Labor Council. has 
decided to appeal to the Inter- 
national Labor Organization for 
support against this act and the 
government. program which has 
“named” several union leaders as 
Communists and ordered them 
out of their posts. . 

[The council desepibed the or- 
ders as “a piece of blatant fascist 
tyranny designed to destroy the 
trade union movement.” 
white’ and several African and 
Indian union officials have re- 
ceived. notices to quit their jobs 

Justice — Charles 


a 


. > ee 


7 


Opposition Sees Nationalists. 
Crushing Rights in Capetow 


By Margaret Hubbard 
Special to The Christian Science Monitor 


Four 


Te 


black and white and therein, ap- 
parently, lies his crime, 

It is claimed that there is ne 
word of evidence that Mr. Kahn 
advocates Marxian socialism or 
violence, a 

The. House voted with the 


cept the Select Committee 
It is now the dyty of the Minister 
of Justice to expel Mr. from 
Parliament, to order him not to 
leave the province, to prohibit 
his attendance at other than so- 
cial or recreational gatherings, 
Natives Unrepresented 

The natives, who elected Mr. 
Kahn to represent them, will re~ 
main for the rest of thig governe 
ment’s tenure, at least, come 
pletely unrepresented. 

The next day after 
\expulsion had been agr 
the Minister of Justice 
“Solly” Sachs, ,general 


of mc pa ery. garment | 


workers’ union, that 
ion of Comm 
he must resign from th 


on communism—or it ec 
campaign to control or br 
trade-union movement.) 
Africa may find it 

cide which. 


36th Annual Polo 
Play-Offs an | 


By the Associated Pr | 


Polo championship play-offs wi 
Beverly Hills Polo Club) 
the Argentine team. | 


atgee 


3 
at 


petitors 20 


usual Nationalist majority to‘ace , 


in 


cee SR fesgieadtoee se peek Kee at ts Se 
. y Re r dar ers - 
ee | b! « ‘ * ’ 
ial i : : « m 
4 Pu Tas UE ed Sa ae ap bad aie 
GER Toad Sins BIRT SESS Io ry . “ sey  F aieag 
i > ile Oe eh a am a rr TS EE ’ : 


es ee ee 
ae Come ke 
* - : 


Ps 8 


at | THE. CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MON ITOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1958 - 


CONNECTICUT __|__CONNECTICUT _|__CONNECTICUT _|___NEW YORK _|___NEW YORK. _ YORK _ 
ah be _ MIDDLETOWN STAMFORD | ALBANY BINGHAMTON | _ FLORAL : PARK air 


He (Continued) | $3 7 (Gontined) (Continued ) \. | (Continued @ 


_s 


INTERSTATE SHADE & AWNING CO. Schaefer 1 Baber Qnc.| Friendly Dry Cleaning ITTICs oe STYLE FRENCH CLEANERS | 


Manufacturers 


+ Rall ita Blinds 166 MATT : Service | 242 Jericho T r 1Th 
Sad daly Be Our ¢peclelties “Pick Up and Delivery” | * Jome Made Candies| Por Everything — Sener aati 


and Outdoor F ute | , sy pusMltDRED M. LINCK $33 STATE STREET | | ‘Free Insured Morb Broo “il 
yee ich, Conn. . oe TELEPHONE 3.0497 1028] MADISON AVENUE ; that’s | | Call FL 45150 
Authentic Quofity WM. McEWAN COAL CO. eset 

| : ay DIAMONDS -—— WATCHES | | os | ; Edgar W. Es ich aed 

és = hee adie | JEWELRY — SILVERWARE | “ntact” "ome | New for You Hardware—Tools he | sinlede.’ Lo} HUE 
n rs one G Phin it i rw 4: Bee | 
| Zamntoww PRP ba 1 Pat DEVOE PAINTS ‘and OILS et v sd ‘atte | ck Raed Vets, 
Ferfueson (Micro Filtered 7 _—-|136 Tulip Ave., Floral Park, N. ¥ creat Mac te agpeinentt | 


The Mead Stationery Co} NEW BRITAIN WATERBURY BALDWIN JOS. RIEDMAN 0. 


COMMERCIAL STATIONERS - = : - 

| Bae jhe HARDWARE CITY FUEL Charles £, Whitehead & Sons McLEAN'S P lumbing—H eating 
Office Supplies and Equipment : HOWLAND-HUGHES JUST NORTH OF BR. RB. STATION Service 

: oes $e vials . | ae : BINGHAMTON and ENDICOTT | 
252-258 Greenwich Avenue Firestone Tires Waterbury's Friendly Bardeach / eta 7 Violet Ave. Floral Park. N.¥ 

Tel. _GReenwich 813400 Batteries | Department Store Paints Flectric "BP. 4-142h » N. T, 


Ts THE MOST DISTINCTIVE M an d A ccesso ri es or Housewares Appliances 


APPAREL or k GREENWICH, CONN. TELEPHONE SHOPPING For your shopping convenience “Charge mt” BRONXVILLE | , TF L 0. q S 


102 W, Main St., New Britain Ph. 9-377 ; | 
Waterbury ... Watertown i4 NO. GRAND AVE. BA 3-2982 | 


— fowls fowisss Dial 3-4121 Radio and Television 
rin | "eewey _ |Naugatuck—Dial 3731 __ BAY, SHORE—Babylon * 3 * or ne 
GREENWICH. CONN: ‘ ENTERPRISE SERVICE FREDERICK D HA st 1e2°t50NS Hee eee qrvica 

_ SEIpGEFoRT ‘Over Fifty ‘Years TRADITIONAL MEN’S APPAREL Color ft rint Service Woodbury ... Washington N Phone: 151 Jericho T uropike 
_ STAMFORD of Public . Service 221 Greeqwich Avenue - Se. §-2678 | Camera Supplies Litchfield cee Torrington “The Store of Service” ‘ Children’s Wear FL 4-03.24 Floral Park, N. ¥. 


You still have time to share ; [ N\W |79 West Main Street Phone 9-0872 Cheshire . . . Thomaston Housewares, General Hardware, 

in Howland’. wonderful bh f { WICK HF ROW ARt , ¢ ep Britain, Conn. ‘ Enterprise 4100 Paints, Gisewine Sporting Goods | i 112 Poridfield Road BR 2-0475 FLUSHING ' . 

65th ce yor we Sale! | A Complete Line of | fae b al an General. Electric Appliances | FLOWERS ~SVEND KENT | | Pune T Anneneaeuik 
e : 


You'll find savings in every Garden Equipment | | 
depart we | | NEW CANAAN $% WEATHERVANE, 126 'W. Main St. Phone Babylon 56 | | fur tact Occsaiea Pittsburgh SEPA 


ment! Lewn Mowers, Wheel Borrows ——+-—_~ | 
79 - Garden Tools, Fertilizers and Seeds a a it's teilored 6 JAMES B RR ej | | ou Wile dell fee ond 
aah S a25 Greenwich Ave., Opi ie New Canaan Flectrical (0. =,’ ie eke caper “MOST” PAINT “: con yl Artistically Arranged and Wallpapers GReot Neck 2{ Sete 17 MIDDLE can nD. 
i | Licensed Electricians oo Tae Oa daachiy Wholesale and Retail Mrs. Morgan’ s Flower Shop 161-24 Northern Boulevard, Flushing | . 


CH HARTFORD : Specializing in Fixtures, Lanterns, | Be “nal in celanese rayon— IMPERIAL WASHABLE WALLPAPERS | _— ELH a is 
= , a Lamps and Lamp Shades. House i ieee: : wiltless, wonderful. | PAINTS FE RE a Rind Seidel eaimeaaiameas Linoleum, Carpets, Ru » Stabs wt ame 


sescaae f 


Es ; Wiring and general repairs of all Cat me $25.00 DuPONT DUTCH BOY Cushions, Ozite, Aspha ile, Rubber 
cordially invited to visit our -_ Slesrical Annii bear” BENJ. MOORE’S S$. CABOT 
) ina ‘ : conditions H 0 NI S ‘e he ae es gene Junior, Misses and 14 Park Ave. Phone 3737 Bay Shore, N.Y. BELLIS PHARMACY re Meal Moan 5) FRANKLIN HORS. 


MR. ina 


— ———- 


RECORD DEPARTMENT 18 Elm St.. New Canaan Tel. 9-1991 fered athetilasiod eines N.Y. 
Quality Fish and Sea Foods : Only at ISLIP COAL é FE f O. F. ELLIOT I 
) D x FLOOR COVERINGS GREATER LONG ISLAND'S 


as OR Visit Our Famous Restaurant , 
CRAIG ELECTRIC CO. a Tb os bare dle iui Cugenheimer's Coal, Coke, Fuel Oil and Feed | Cosmetics and Parfums \yu yy seow 163-00 Nortnern tive) | DEPARTMENT STORE 


Broaéway-Fiushing, N.Y. 


= 289 Greenwich Ay Telephone 8-3136 | 22 State St., Hartford, Conn. Sfattink 1s 64 BANK STREET “You'll Like Our Weigh” (116 Ponderfield Road Tel.'2-4000|—— Odi coulis tds eee'* 
eeu LAMPS, SHADES |[LUX, BOND & GREEN _ ZORIC Telgphone { Bay, Shore 1129 —_ FOREST BILLS | Of or 24 yeon for it 


| Islip 11221676 


’ ' y 
Electtical Appliances Incorporated | fr ee eee | ORY A RANING 146 NASSAU AVENUE HWowers che 


R , Television | 'e carry the P 
Jewelers and Silversmiths $. S. pia vaaetiers Pp err y Ss Kalph é Wright Ine. MARY DALE WINSON 


- THE: GREENWICH bon Soe 
L Co. ae | : Phone 3-3161 LUMBING—HEATING | 
ELECTRICA TEE My alaseoens : ” EBELING’S FLOWERS, Inc. Vico-Presidely 


262 Greenwich Ave. 8-0682 —_—_—_ : aa Refrigerators 3 } 
si ' ‘Phone 5-9941 Nite | Phone hig —2-007 sae _NEW LONDON a Visit M & L’s Cotton Shop Gas and Electric Ranges 95 Pondfield Rd. BR 2-4264-—4171) 00 East 42nd Street, New York 17, N. ¥. AND—Most of All for its 


: aan | SERVICE COTTON DRESSES Dishwash , a ak MD reas e 3-q008 
- FINCH’ UG STORES! picwonr copys THE SAVINGS BANK OF NEW LORDON , cn ashers BENNETT TOWBIS & SON SATISFIED CUSTOMERS 
ed DRUC fa FLLSWORTH SERVICE CENTER — ye amon hepa Cacagonarey FOR EVERYONE! 192 Deer Park Ave. Ph.740 Babylon, N. ¥. | Upholsterers Cleaning Carpets and Rugs | + 92000 
| Complete Auto Repairs WE WELCOME NEW ACCOUNTS Empstead 7-3000 


Junior, Misses, Women 
. ! . . USED CARS BOUGHT AND SOLD td th tunity to serve o 
Fine Toiletries ’ Free Deli e Service 24 # an e oppor un! y ne . 9 - 
aed ze when ready to hf obs rf; . nd 


Baumert’s Confectionery) §— <%# I#erior Decorators =| 4 Gamplete Strvice Store Hours: 9:30 to 5:30 Deily and Set. 
Fuel and Range Oil | BP ee : : FINE CABINET WORK NEW AND USED Friday 9:30 to 9:30 
Distinctive Confections 


ry | St CARPETS FOR ‘SALE 
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460 Windsor Ave., Wilson, Conn tes : pat hrs - For Your Next Party soe ter : eres baad Hopkins - -Jones Corporation 


CAMERA SUPPLIES . : “, : 89-49 129th Street ‘Virginia 9-2341 f 
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el ace no yr ged thee 352 Main S.__Marvey de Lewit Bldg. | DEL LO OIL, HEATE RS | MINTON-—SPODE—SYRACUSE 714 44 4 AUSTIN STR will Skirts V3 ste Bl | 
Representative Edwin L, Willis Wreaths, Plants, ' | Bouquets 7 F. DENI S ON INSURANCE J didamaic Aub tote bieexeéns JER ERs, cH ¥. Swim SUITS a 
CRANE'S PAPER | P Ba ADYE HH | ied CAPS 


* ¢(D) of Louisiana has urged that 
of aon eva made of the for Memorial Day Phone 4.2149 Tel. 828 Bay Shore 85 Bast 1 Main 8t. st | Complete Flower Service 


possibility of converting sugar ¢ | | Wallpaper—Paint—Glass ‘T, Tet ae oer | Corsetiere | 

cane waste into mewsprint on a SPEAR & McMANUS Decorating as ‘ As ; ~— SOUTH SIDE BANK | Open Evenings and Sundays A Meme Fomed tor Spiciphiaed Fitting 

large scale. Joseph B. MeManus, Manager Point nd Wall NUHN & NUHN. Inc. GRant $381 Uties. thn arof | Aeon 
xperimental work of making 4th Year —_—a - — e Member of Federal Reserve System | Ascan Avenue and Austin Street 238 $ Fulton A PWS ‘#0 8, fo. Main aa 


paper from bagasse—the pulp left | 21) asyium Street. i(P.2.D. Berviee)| 7-9 Howerd St. Tel. 2-5289 eee | : . : BOulevard 8-2763 


cane —airescy h proved. suc- “FINLAY BROTHERS New London, Conn, - ‘CULVER forist COMPLETE BANKING SERVICE | Swits or Coats Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings ABNELL'S in SHOP 

] sal : ge my i , ro } & 

“T think ~ ue i = — a aes ar NORWALK for all occasions 17 East Main St. Phone 30 Bay Shore, ¥. Y. tailored for you, FREEPORT 
leaders e " | F | 
plore this matiet and to conte tae ne: 184 Church St, Naugatuck pl CKUF EN apiece THEO, J. Htmpsteed 2-0076 

B ; CF tin | 


thin held.” Boe 2 ; : é SAVE. . ON CONSTRUCTION. "Telephone Naugatuck $377 OAS AL | SAMU EL BLOOM STEFFEK fonnertng 


the . seems es ot ae ee Arena Your building, repair and mod- ee ee. Oprctans and Photo Dealers 256 Pearl Street, Buffalo re Peis 
. 7 _. 3 . > ‘ 4 Ts or e § in + 4 7 al e oO Tr 
ee ne) sreepton: distros cncly sttete- TELEVISION GLASSES. | CAMEO SHOP OF BEAUTY ehvescto® veghematl 
Gontalnion big producer of do- : able. We assidt in planning, epect- wtipho aaa ; ond SUN GLASSES Permknents, Hair Styling Modernization—Alterations 
s ‘ fying, financing and construct- 18 Deer Park Ave. Phone 927 Babylon, N.Y. Ss fay" ° 
Complete Beauty Service ROOFING—MASONRY 


mestic sugar . : ; 
“Here in our: jown back yard | | ing. Years of experience and « , SALIY LEE S : | . MODERN KITCHENS 
Jies'a valuable natural resource | . complete line of building mater- "GOIDEN SPIRE COPPER KETTLE Graice’s Gift Shop | FIRE DAMAGE REPAIRS 


which can be made to contribute a4 : eee. af fa } 

in-great measure/to the advance- | | an San mgs apy, Ais cy Pag ) ANTIQUES Evenings by 4 ppoimiment GENERAL CONTRACTOR 
Fine China, Glasswere ond Furniture ' Lincoln 0011 

. FReeport 8-7710 


ment of our progress and -pros- : | ht ond Sold 64 Forest! Avenue 
perity and to the furtherance, if | | tans Main Street i GUEST BROS Ine. j j Entire Home Furnishings Bought Out ; | 
not soreness 2 of free wd inde- | "9 : Come and Browse ¢ WIRGES MENS SHOP 49 No, Main St., Freeport 
ndent press,” | 300 Perk Avenue, Seb : | 
Mr Willis said a new crop. of WEST HAR rFORD Muller Ave. Norwalk Wi < Rey Tel Babylon 2360—1394 < ste HABERDASHERS—HATTERS | «Ask Your Neighbor” 
Phone NOrwalk 8-6545 or 8-6546 whe. 


bagasse is available every year Boi °° moke our own | : ena ae if — Comal Gite) Arrow and Manhattan Shirts ee ie 

| Conadian #pruce| tree to mature of emer ni | T ° . S Full ’ 1] Y “eS palette f.,.,. . 4 cg ol Interwoven Socks Stetson Hats Rudolph 1. Himmel 
ristram uller, TMC.) Gah! LAE (Wig, cot 22005 seomesee, | s—| 7 Hotel Statler, Buffalo, N, ¥. H : 

, e . ygrade Meat Market 


and 10 years for the southern pine | Sci teal daily 
. to mature, These frees are present resn rwice y | ; Measénable Prices—Many Specials Phone Cleveland 4578 Open Evenings 


sources of f news qulp, — , Coats, Hats, Dresses, Bags, : 
Individual Fruit Pies Daily ‘Lingerie, Hosiery, Gloves , CUT UP CHICKENS (HARLOW K, HAMMOND Groceries 
‘Senate Unit Urges Meat Pies on Thursdays =: Quaker Craft Curtains, Shades, 3 Le, ae Sey eniy the part you like the best | | 33 West Merrick Road 
Baked Hams, Turkeys, Chickens, Flees Coverings, ee, WESTERN AUTO as Deer Park Ave. Phone 171 Babylon, N. ¥. | Jeweler — Phone FRee, 9-2171 


TV Appr priation Roast Beef, Corned ee and Pork | 104 WALL STREET paced ASSOCIATE STORE GEO. FF SCHER ‘eueiien co. ait | and Silversmith he ier | 


ad | gohan eG | Se vss sree tat each Gunmen Paar Sete “Talephone Boy Shore 4768 DIAMONDS—WATCHES—SILVER | sae 
Twelve. of : — Swot CENTRAL DELIC TESSER Clothiers and Furnishings AUTO AND | Bedding. pie moms aad Englander. A : a, Soi ae | | Chocolate Bunnies , E 
Sd, Sara, a POSE As, 14 sort man ort wd | seo a | Fe | teed Easter Noveltion | pina, Qa tise 0 
of new television carn Thang most- : | South. Norwalk, Conn. ACCESSORIES West Moin Street, @ Corner Secfield Lone, sa 30'W. Merrick Rd., ar, ¢ Chambrays, i Cottons. | 
ly to areas which! have no TV. WilkD> | | : good little eye shading hats er — wh Se EE ts : = hd val (a i? vie 
12 senators said the money | for summer doings, FREEDMAN’S : : 2 


id | del | * | 
BS aap euithg unas! | Ter of whet you afed Flower STAMFORD _ ‘votmy handbagn to merch | *POGQER MOWENG.-LawrnMonans | ome oat ee Up 
- » tive a recent government order CARL PETERSON & sO : a gets be ; | 555 Main Street , _ Draperies — Upholstery “ 
bins Svat cot "| g Wang tne | racfans | 04 Picks ond Dellory | unica ans | ann gmeeaia gus, | waxes LONGLRY eye ore yer 
pele ee eae RAY GS Gis | ore macdonald ha | Seance | “TESS | CHAS, M. KROSS 
. - Edwin C. do (D)' of Colo- : & STORAGE taylor place — ase | FAR ROCKAWAY . | ? | 
é. - i hairman, told a . 7 i eel Or W. Main St. Tel. 20 Bay Shore, N. Y. Cedarhurst | | Freeport 4 
oa TAN | prERRIS DATRY |” BRIGHTWATERS STORE |—~ —| tc Sls PLAYLAND 
_ Bégn set ict motion a chain reac-| BIRCH’S LAUNDRY | N. SARADJIAN | pisteurised Milk and Cream q eS I | 
> fon which in. two. years’. time lady | ar Homogenized Milk _ | Groceries—Meats—Vegetables 4 see 
‘will create $3,000 (000,000 in busi- q F ti Cak : | bot © Toys | Bicyeles_ © Carriages =m 
“ness.” Cleasing an yeing: i es ve es . Privately owned and operated Frozen Foods—ice Cream : ) Ux el i) _@ Playground 7 
: a letter the vy made public Good Satisfaction : For Weddings and es for thirty-two years : | ‘Sand Boxes Slides Sets 
ounced what oy 123 Colony tte | ; FRENCH ICE CREAM |... road WEstport 2-3249 Pree Delivury Ph. Boy Shore 346 Plastic Inflatable Pools ‘and Toys 
roves. eoees TEA ROOM — | 195 Orinoco Drive | FREEPORT 8-s118 


ow Sree Dace | PT BASSE (Cedarhurst N.Y. CEdarhutst 92100)" Cu oareeeaan ap 
: ‘ iF 9-9678 ay bl ' 

Tel. 4.0874 219 Bedford St, MARYLAND Groceries, Fruits, Vegetables Pete wm R , ——nanenammas| HAD 
We , | PLUMBING AND ees Front a 


nd ae 
We call for and deliver ANNAPOLIS ‘Frozen Foods . |HOME COOKING 


pees ~ Sandwiches to your home 


CLEANERS—T AILORS R al E Deer Paik ; 
F URRIERS x é state Ph we “pee tag ro Pn Attest e ‘har! 
one . . . 459 


THE MERNSTEIN SHOP | Insurance JEREMIAH ROBBINS AGENCY, inc, |— 


a fang apy pa besem eas i: | “dl . Established . 1887 
Ge Telephone 3-7245 | JOSEPH D. LAZENBY INS URANCE en FETs Ph ig 
: 218 Main St Phone Annapolis 2685 A es 
| | Tree Surge aed clephone — ad 
‘Fashion Sphcialts | ee Barge? NEW YORK FI 7-0362 


Dependable Spraying. Correct Pruning. 


SINCE ay | At Lowest Com | | ee ALBANY BAY SHORE | FI 70363 


P.O, Box Al? Stamford, Conn. 22 Van Buren Ave., 


Wedwelsion |B. MILLER PAINT [02 MUTUAL DECORATORS, inc. 


Plymouth and _ Patnt Products SLIPCOVERS "SDRAPERIES 


Wallpaper 
‘440 BROADWAY 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE ‘MONITOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY. MAY 22, 1952 | 


___NEW YORK __|___NEW YORK _| NEWYORK _||_NEW YORK YORK. |__NEW YORR— 
JAMESTOWN MANHASSET NEW ROCHELLE QUEENS VILLAGE | RICHMOND HILL : A ¥ UTICA 


(Continued) ; (Continged ) (Continued ) ued ) : _ (Contin ued) 


: , aes ~ SHINE. IN THE ‘SUN | ie China, Silverware, Lamps and \f™ , | 
{ TCM A Hit iL, | in our | | SINCLAIR Shades, Occasional Furniture | 1 1 Kuntz Company, Inc. ‘GENERAL@ ELECTRIC 
! | | herwin-Williams Paints | PA 
Television - Radios 


Mil K White Stag Sport Separates Bayview Service Station Wihstchester Gift Shop of A Tome Refrigerators 


. &. Bergstrom, Prep. ‘ 
; 55 Bayview Ave. Ph. MA 7-9755 i preersa th. baat | 
x | hone PY! NELSON S _ Complete Automobile Service _ NEw Rochelle 2-0996 610 Main St. Thibaut Wallpaper | | 
- DELLWOOD DAIRY AE Kitchen Modernization ee eT sg __ Gifts Jor Brides'and 
: | _ KENMORE : __ MOUNT VERNON © + | m  G-W-MEl +” Anniversaries 
; Hollis 8-8400 Et, Re ee FORMICA SINK TOPS | | | ROCHESTER | , er | Ee, | 
O0ecesoccenecccocsoeesce Make Your Clothes | . oe Seen oe é ; : HA R DW SCHWENDERS 
yer “| hast Longer F. R. STEVENS CO., | tana nome | meee paeeeele 
| IRVINGTON ser 2 ' 7] nc. : ‘ | inka: anol Cenlen Supplies 21 Columbia St, Phone 2-5138 


24 FOURTH AVENUE 405 North Ave. NEw Rochelle 2- 7610, 


eee 
a ED, } mee t SCa 5 
BILL REGNEY's KE Ys. 8 | _— CLEANERS © DYERS © FURRIERS © get uate men A ener é JUDKINS, Inc. 


Irvington Service Sect aK Ve if Pere Beauty Shes | Call MOnroe 84 84 _SCARSDALE—Hartsdale Ru: Cos pets 


oe e.ahel’ ~ | @ensteens Mevetes City Wide Call and Delivery 


eerame [yarse. acony HAIR STYLING J MOTOR SALES, Inc. Stores: “Order Now for DAD— 


ITHACA ; The finest cleaning service 


‘ . 


| . \ its : : DeSoto — Plymouth * University at =< aaa hes June 15th 710 ea ete Tel. $-06$$ 
TIRES } | “| : Sul 232 North Avenue . Phone 3311 ', CED 
of , 239-50 JAMAICA AVENUE ; a Setette teatie: | Stationery | _— > yet BrTeS 
| la 
| H always available at Pp By . ne 127 Basong Blow ns wah bm Street | iNew on Display } 
| ormer chester NY 7 | “ i 
| Plants for FUCLID CLEANERS . Ih JEWELER a Haberman’s GEORGE ¢. LOM Proprietor (THE HAWKE COMPANY) 83 7. S600 
) ‘ i: Lv “ All Dairy Products : : 
3 Beach) [cz mscmmns |e STE RTE (chm) Me cir tne a | i 
BOOL’S FLOWER SHOP Riverside 8127 _ oa Self Service Says: _ |2!4-79 Jemoice Ave., Queens Villoge, M:Y.| __Phones—Dairy 9% Milislde, c0mi-3 | Sa a Ww ATERTOWN 
Koy Shaping, Shampoo, Coiffure a | i ; 
£ oF Pure KEN-KOAL : dual , No Selowtenn a you | | ? | JASON L r HELPS — 
ia 7 
yisrr -- Everlasting Heat 456 MAIN STREET. near Ray AVENUE | xy ; eerag asia | Wave WALLPAPER 
: 
: Remodeling Our Specialty and Cut- Flowers _Qaeere VELA. hf 15-9608 | : | . | 267 State Street Phone 
218 Firat Street | LARCHMONT MO 86674 105 Gramatan Ave.| for DECORATION DAY | STORAGE TIME FOR YOUR FURS |" Senwert 01M * © Fates Ie. Harper Method NY 
SS Berinett Bros. 
cba | 6 | AIR-CONDITIONED SALON ! hy 
FOR A DEAL TeAT CANS | : —_ reenhouses | 2.n noms s.0s10—now— INSURANCE Florists 
E K #4 “ ' 7 | 96 WEAVER STREET, LARCHMONT, WN. Y. for Bonded Pickup— Dividend Paying Companies | SCHENECTADY, NW. Y. ibid 
B w c | : 214-83 Jamaica Avenue i : : Phone 1063, | 142 Arsenal’ Screet 
26 South Fourth Avenue NEW YORK CITY QUEENS VILLAGE &. N. ¥. Clinton Ave. S. at Court | Reh dekh alae dahta 
Mount Vernon, ef eh : prs eee esl fiAmilton 6390 ie ___ Bechester, §. ¥. | 


coneatinale PERMANENT WAVING & Monroe, ot Eimwosd ee f Linoleum 
o sa} Mate Sipe Repairs on All Cars Shopping | Personal 
| yong Shoe Stores, PARKSIDE DAIRY "by HAWKE | For Women)Misses: Children, 
‘Decoration Day RED GROSS for Women 10 E. Hartsdale Ave. WP 9-0058 | ase STORE 
! $110 Delaware Avenue MOMs $-2860 Pittaford Penfield. Fairport SCHENECTADY - | ae 
“$15 E. STATE STREET ITHACA. ¥. ¥. Kenmore Coal & lee Co. wonderful buy! $25.00 | COME IN —BROW SE includes Complete “NEW HAIRDO” 
» H olidey' Refreshment , inet | FAMOUS FURRIERS || SELF SERVICE FURNITURE FAIR | | mm agra m9 
- The Pay ee Cream (o. 16 Lincoln Bivd. Riverside 1520 Certified Fur Storage Flowering Plants 216-06 JAMAICA AVE.  go;, [83-4800 DAIRY PRODUCTS Specialists ; ina. | OILS, VARNISHES 
| ete | wn tals ~ , BOHACHEK 
JACKSON HEIGHTS ———e xo - - Grant's James Pardales OHAC 
625 State St. , Te. 4-2831 
or Come in Yourself 
Remember to Take Home 


__ 6-11 NORTBERN BLYD.. L. 1. CITY | . Let Us Take Cate of Your Clothes Borough of Brooklyn QUEENS VILLAGE | ; | the ’ BAND BOX DRY CLEANERS 
p | & F | ohn : Tel. Peggy -Goe RU 4-9380 Bellaire J Wa BL {JR Bouquet of the Week | PB¥ ta 
' SEA FC ‘1 MARKET indices | + tee MO Rea Salo . nevetie tsi At AVENUE | available on Ge 'WATERPROOFING | 
| FOR THE RASS 4S til See & LDSsm @BILE WOMEN’S WEAR Friday and Saturday at $200 SHIRTS LAUNDERED 
Fresh: Fish Daily EXQUISITE | —- oe 8.477] Permanent Waving Bier ec ame Free Call and Delivery 
FREE DELIVER oil adtance: = 4 OAKLEY and GRAMATAN AVENUE Mr. Peter | Scies 88 98 Service of Smart Individuality | | DORIS REMIS : FLOWERS waned State Street Phone igs 
Y ' A ’ : mo ate 876 Flatbush Ave., near Church Ave. ie Vadow Serene. 7 Tel. 61271 THE BEAUTY CENTER | 
7709 37th Ave, NEwton 9-8566 XY FA &Y > FENNELL’S One Flight Up Demonstration treely given ROCKVILLE CENTRE cre | formerly 
yt JACKSON [IEIGHTS | ~ An 110-112-114 Fourth Avenue S$ TATEN ISLAND Sefety Tested Used Cors Visit Our aay Le Teobet's Beauty Salon 
MMUNITY GARAGE, Inc. . ee Mount Vernon, N. Y. 2 oneal Bae a... Ec «~Blue R m f Gifts |MRS. FLORENCE STEUDEL, Prop, 
‘Roosevelt at 79 St.. Hav. 4-3506—3507 | - + (Carough of Richmond) _. (RO bo ae oe ue sd OF GTS | 
ik 4 '¢ f | | ee a, , | : _ and : | Open Wednesday and Friday E 
| - Retailers of Fine Furniture HUTTAR 5 GARDEN CENTER en eee ee | Ate | Children’s Sho) | : day Evel 
| ss-Stite Chisiatag Gchaial ' tor ‘Oner 10 Years Garden Supplies, Garden Tools, Queens Yonge —- Mette $-0020 a } -- 2 p \Phone 986 |) | 166 Arsenal St, 
_DEPENDABLE—RESPONSIBLE | : ) ? Fertilisers, Gres Sood, 7 emit tt | Me} The Union Book Co., Inc. ieee 
Individualized Styling spngiomia. Tenmess atl \\\/ 4 a. 257 State Street 
Hoffman s Permanent Weve Dhamater ee Fecagr ence | | RICHMOND HILL =f at b | 


soar S00 STREET 255-05 Northern Bivd. BAyside 9-4948 Meyers & Son 3662 Richmond Rd, __ DO 6.2520 | | } AIL st SYRACUSE 
CLBBPT BrTApaemeED Jewelers St MOUNT VERWOR pat 


Curtains—Draperies Allen’s Greenhouses ienm a mavens West New Brighton : SUNRISE Cuilaf Podoral Downyflake "Fake 
. Fresh Cut Flowers : 3 


Tel. MOwnt Vernon 8-6148 , 


Floral Designs for All Occasions os Chri ld ' Hower Shop ‘blue vAeae Cc ini “ey Restaurants R Prices 


49 Front Street, Rockville Centre easonable 


Linens and Yard Goods 


_ QUEENS Furrier, INC. 


. A welcome gift alesays si Hien . : : NT Pe PS 
oy Siotkas, Pres. 5440 Little Neck Parkway Tel. Imp. 4146 The LANGDON SHOP 908 Clove Rd., Staten Island 1,N. ¥. coal’ PAYING 3 70 403 South Warren St. at jefferson : - THE FINEST IN 


= TIFIED ~ The Man's Shop of Westchester GI 2.2833 Phone | : 
COLD FUR STORAGE fips AAARE 13 FOURTH AVENUE FLOWERS € | More — . 67900 mESOUACES oven Sz 000 00 110 Sonth Salina St. at Clinton Square FEMININE FASHIONS. | 
on Premises Kewneth ainsbury ‘ D aeira on an If Less As 33-14 “ : | ene 
; w Ble cor Maer@tbon Ave. M Pik J NQ! ‘3 BY. WI os “nb : L 
23 Years Serving the Community me ie as Sia eee T. VERNON, N, Y. RE l Spring Prices Atlantic Ave. BELL BROTHERS 


LSTAL 82nd Street. NE 9-$525 | 4 | PATCHOGUE me pm Richmond Hill 3 ‘ Local and Long Distance 


re . ; Soft, Natural a i : | e A . 
CLARK’S | | Lee Pansy PERMANENT S - ke S LUMBER Our Budget Plan Se ob Spe. Ron MOV IN G | pa alli Zee 


By our rienced opera- RO 4.1600 


: rit ‘ ie “The House Fall of Herdwere™ tore. Cold Waves from $i6.| & SUPPLY CO. Inc. EE 1013 North Townsend Tel. 2-6518 | GUERNSEY MILK 


a ia ee CRE CREAM-TOP BOTTLES 
pee 4 BUDINOFF PHARMACY Farame d Lumber and Mason Material I | oat ay or 
Ma Sportswear Agent for — 249 East Gua Hill Rood Pet geet ee ee ) nmsurance | Dry Cleaning — 

Gs, Helena Rubinstein, Elizabeth Arden ; : Esti h aos | 7 | 
| _ 37-50 82ND STREET Yard! Re alia! Cees | Pash ent rere * eerfully given : "i | 
_ | rte | Bubarry — lines. of se eer NEWBURGH Free Delivery All Long Island JOHN C. WEGHORN TAILOR P T. FIBISON cteanes m bem ear 
; JAMAICA cosmetics. = ; —~ . P } ~~ | >) AGENCY, Inc. cage ee bbs lc oer White Plaine 9-88 
~ = 3 ) 252-02 Northern Bivd. Tel.. LBA 9-4200 “MOE MEYER STORE. ATCHOGUE—Blue Point S. Salina Street el. 76- 


a ’ , 2 : 


Miss Edith ia 


SIINRISE LYNBROOK | ae ~—s- Millinery eit thake SOCONY FUEL OIL = Tel. Rockville Centre 6-3787 pate ‘ mage i 
‘bhne “DOMESTIC PAINT (0, | "77 ‘1:98 to ‘13.50) Send to Sufictt Couneys | JOHN J. JOHNSTON (0, | 102 maiden tans, Now York Fos caning PERMANENT WAVING. 
‘blue. | | 87 Water Street Largest Laundry Established 1903 Tel. Dighy 4-8420 ctesiion bf HAIR-TINT Studie et | 


coal’ | Paint . Wallpaper Newburgh, N.Y. | BLUE POINT LAUNDRY _|V!*sinie 17-4200 111-08 Jamaica Ave. | gummmmmmememenenrsensmemememesmnenes Nylon Tricot , 144 tn ge 
ks ite ga pene Sie ren 4 | '. For the Best in Cakes, Pies wa 


| a : ; ) it | Lingerie |. eae 
Borin Queens Village, N'Y. —|_ NEW ROCHELLE | : | and Coffee Cakes re YONKERS 
s eB . Branch: 9 Broadway ” . Pe Ges a ae PELHAM — | wisit ey a , — ane 
pring 02 a | Lynbrook, L..L., N.Y. For the Woman of Distinction p : r FUR STORAGE ~ e BENKERT’S BAKERY | — (i P | | it 
Ask About — Atientic Ave, i ol F e€ ham Paint | HEAT 23 N.Park Ave., Rockville Centre, L.L | i? | CLZ22 VY Aeon 
Our Budget Plan / Richmond Hill : MAMARONECK Sylvia Cluxton & 4 d Coats ond Suits mode 4 Re. of 5 Fic (ofp. Fantasy Theatre) : . uf gs: | | a 2 rt Ee 
| + lise sal . ardware Co, "2" **"""“¢@@ ae. Tel. R. V: C, 6-2675 ou jor Susman Sieiibilal 
— : : . : Herman Glasser model new et tow ce eeeemnep | Joyce, Cellini, Valley, Stetson aa 3 iis Ben BB Sa0, 
| he HATS, GOWNS, SUITS : Yj we |; : i. Ht pee 
INSU NCE s 9 e ; Paints 6 Hardware summer rates. bat | ound exclusively ot Conts | Suits . 
| | Jeweler 92 Chatsworth Ave., Larchmont, N.Y. Houseturnishings jy F ee e|* OLIVE BY yy wi bal idl | 
co se Sites St a a 3 SE ce Aas Dr oh 0? Fulton Street as 47oa1| ° Millinery... 
Repent Pemadchs og | Cohen's Fur Sh DOHERTY and McELROY | “ors; Robes: 
anes p aeeinn Ave Avene Cee eae = PORT CHESTER ohen’s Sur Onhop FASHION-RIGHT SHOES | ) } “, | 
He ham Sterling Silver Coronet Tea Room — ae . ESTABLISHED 1919 For Women and Teen-Agers 407 Broadway, Troy, N. ¥. Tel. AS 4-7192 | : | 
Aries & & Burmeister , ener 3) We Wiekeest A REE ee MICHAEL’S Expert Furriers AGT Merrick Rood. Reckyitte Contre, MW. ¥-| Junior, Misses’ and Women's The More you 
a ve., ! elle, N.Y. owe <92 Jemeice i H ; 
“FURNI r oR = | , Avs, ives QUALITY LAUNDRY 104-12 Jomeice Ave. vi 9.8914 Pittsburgh Paints “gt DRESSES as ge. 
Pek U R | Roe — , : NEw Rochelle 6-9099 Cash and Carry 15% Of , iensineaiail Authorized Dealer Complete Line of 
fine ovo ae ane USED | Also Call and Deliver | : } e Lingerie and Negligees BMA: 
We also buy Spinete . Baby Grands 3 


| % Eo oF Rockville — — | 
. = Na %, urs Restyled ? : | 
and Studio Pianos SR os TAN CASS IY me PP isi meen aA oe ks mes “ Aas Bh gee Centre Hardware, Inc. | TROJAN HARDWARE (0, | 
Seo. MR. cia: 7 | PORT WASHINGTON show vou what he | vic eg We Daive gg ae a 
. O79; i. Y ere ne 

pa te et __1A t | MANHASSET Fine Farnitere Bedding: ° Carpets sine deo vs ow ehagd on The Little She Oil Burner Repairs 
Long Island's Finest Hardware Store 659 MAIN STREET Floral silanes: tele F | . Plumbing Supplies 

we wh, KEW POCMRLLE ¢-4000 | theme with ws fer. Town and Country Clothes Congress and 4th Sts. Tel. AS 2-7330' 


: er ; “4? Arrange geet Eee 17 
Piandome Shoes | WALTER RADECKE | Se! ,frvnecmens | fer dnvege’ | ai ee UTICA 


Se oS i ee Mile | Painting—Decorating Phone VI 7-0665 | ALTERATIONS ? ~ ; a 
| Rowley Co : Paperhanging PORT WASHINGTON FLOWER SHOP Fe NELSON - : 272A Merrick Ave. Rockville Centre 6-4844 


Bank of Jamestown. Bldg. ore 31 GLENWOOD AVENUE | Pel. Ps. W. 7-000 DADK A | _ Wedding and steeenenne pares 
: Jamestown, eB! Te ae Reg eras WabOver ait tics ica dake 7 ini SIE | 40 Years at 104-23 ve Ck ho PARK AVENUE FURRIERS nadluabiaue GIFTS | wae 


| Cold Storage | a 3 
FIELDS MEN MEN'S "SHOP Palko iy ARTHUR A, SIEGLER, Inc. remodeling | REID SHELDON (0. 


Dd i Repairi | $e9 | 
Stetson and Mallory Hats Ardley s Tesceastibheie pairing —-_—| AARAAAANARALARAHSLILAS 


$11 MAIN STREET ; | 276 SUNRISE HIGHWAY : | 

| Arrow and Van Heusen ia XK) ee ae [RO eau ,_ome pane avenue FLOWERMIDEAS | 
+ Kine 1; ‘heii fae Re ap FUR STORAGE Dec 

459 Plendome Rd. MAnhesest 7-2031 Curtains— Blankets pot 2 LAURELTON 8-2357 end 8-2555 re , it 


Season-All Window Corp.| HES x RZ” JOHN J. LAKE & SON] 9 eg? BAKERS FLOWER SHOP 
ANODIZED sin’ oe: | | seed DAIRY PRODUCT: 


oe te Uae jer rm ace om ys — cet X_! Pure, Wholesome and Fresh From 


ZR ania Ser Yate Seseieh Gosiee | 3 Jamaica Aven Cor, 116th Street | “Utica's Cleanest Plant” 
ger een eae ye og VE 90-2515 Getabtiched 1008 | ee | GRAFFENBURG DAIRY st : 

| DAILY DELIVERY | er | | OWEN BR es | 

G. F. Ritter & Son ializing ; 
Visit Our Showroom ae 


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Bh yeu Pee cae eh 6 y 
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Sie oe File Ae Ee an a phatald 1 =e ‘ aie Bay a ON ree 

<a Pp ile oF - ~ 8 PR ar Wk Ce x oe ee te eer Sic is ax : eS ROG amt ‘ass or poe i eee 
HP a ae Bae ie ERS ae) Se » he ‘ a Pea opin. ‘ 

. ia Me a / ‘ kg ‘ 4 2 eye65 P 5 . $ . 3 Z : 3 

Dota ss a te. ~~ ee Tel ee ke re - * mn Re say Rais ie = Seto a hcl =f ta, i " . : 

ahi ibe eRe Be re gpmriie | 0 AL gamete ot pi SET taka Mle Ss RS Trinh ee NE ake OR, tool LAER 6 TP MRS EP 
-. ae ae ¥ 4 ~~ 40% . MPS te i te. 1 v 5 ee E < . x 


“te ..) 4 ri i) : é . ¢ " % ah oS maha: : a3 ary: 
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PRAw 


7 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1952 


‘know 
They 


- 


4, 1 Info a 7 


atures — 


SS 


. 


* ‘ny : 
, 4 
“a > z . > . * : 4 - Pa 
* = SS OF * * ee “ 
NN neat Pale’ ae 
, | La 
i 
ae ’ 
| 
j 


2 


A lot of i agers are self- 


conscious about learnihg a sport 
or competing in one, because they 


feel that they should already 
the sport or be expert in it. 
are reluptant to make a be- 


It's true that sports writers de- 


dover, 


a. 


aces =e 


. On = 
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ae Pe es ee oO —— , ‘ 
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SARA: mba” o | 
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"kh, oy sa 
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lot at Lawrenceville, and he ap- 
plied himself, with the result that 
he finally did make the varsity 
team. After he transferred to An- 
he decided to continue 
swimming there. Always a free 
styler, he had no ideas of being 
anything elsé until hé was as- 


| signed the breast stroke section of 
ia medley relay. He immediately 


vote a lot ati space (perhaps too liked the breast stroke, and Coach 


much) to exp] 
started skating at the age of 4%: 


ining how Dorothy | Roscoe Dake liked the time he 
» | made at it. 


Finish First — 


Family Fe 


Crossword Puzzle 


ACROSS r 
1. Murried ; 
5. Medieval lyric 

poem 

9. Impliore 

12. Cavity 


| 42. Smart 
44, Half: prefix 
| 26. Arder 


fd Verse 


for Today ss 


Turn unto. the Lord 
your. God: for he is 
gracious and merciful, 
slow to anger, and of 
great kindness. — Joel 
2:13 


Nature Notes 


Tagua Nut 


During the last war, the United | 


2s Ot 


PO) STS 


’ 7. 
. 
edad eset a omen a CP I . 
, } = ~ apm = z - i ae = 


ee rs 
? —' 
> 


and how Tommy was playing first | From that time a Bob was too 
base ‘at 5. The fact that Dorothy | busy learning and training to de- 
is now a well-known figure skater | »jore the fact that he had not been 
and Tommy is' in the major! 


States Army purchased over two 
million buttons made from the 
tagua nut, This was of great in- 


quid 
7. Head: French 
. Bristle 
. Beard of grain 
66. Otherwise 


=" a ’ 


‘were not chil 


leagues may be related to early 


ani may not. Certain- | 


ly, a lot of our sports celebrities 
wonders. “ 
As a matter of fact, a great 
many began ito be really inter- 
ested in their sports as teen agers. 
As adolescents they had the en- 
thusiasm, srg amen and ability 
to learn, so necessary to success 
in sports. They started right, and 
kept going. , 


4 


Sandy Gidepnse, a husky blond 
fellow now in his senior year at 


Lawren¢éeville School, Lawrence- 
ville, N.J., has the kind of record 


- wand background which might dis- 


courage the timid. Sandy has been 


| 


: 


breast stroking since the age of 
five or six. At Princeton he began 
intensive training and shaved his 
time for 200 and 220 yards while 


collecting swimming records for, 


some time now. Name your dis- 


* tance: chances are Sandy has won | 


offered instruction in swimming | 


a free-style race at it. He’s con= | , 


sidered the best swimmer in his § 


school’s history 
Sandy began 
age of ten. ( 


swimming at the) a 
Here we go again.) | 


A couple of ‘his playmates .had | # : 
learned that Rutgers University | & ; 


for girls, and|were eager enough 
to learn go that they asked per- 
mission to join the class. Sandy 
went along, and the three boys, 


giving each other moral support, | 


quickly learndd to swim. 
Sandy lik the sport well 


enough to enjoy it whenever he 


had the opportunity, and it was, 


| Associated Press 
Coach Howie Stepp exulted. 


stamina with 


inch athlete went about 
task with the enthusiasm that 


“,| 61. English 


Bob Brawner, one of the world’s great swimmers 


|was over 220 yards) and set up | 

Never a husky fellow like | a new American record for the | 
Gideonse, Bob had to develop | distance in doing so. | 
skill, Weighing | ! 
less than 170, the six-foot, three-| in swimming 
the | by the Amateur Athletic Union 


Bob has won again and again 
meets sponsored 


) 


| 
: 
; 


| 


. An authorising 
statesman letter 


DOWN 


. Be pares 
1. Cast off Coa 


. receptacle 
. Bitter vetch 

1. Turn right 
. Settle money 


upon 
. Present time 

. . Gra 
6. Learning t4. Commenced 


Answer Block Appears 


25. 
~ 36, 


Ballot 
Gaelic 


40. Favorite 
43. Badgeriike 


animal 
Among Advertisements 


Stamps in the News 


Brazil's three new stamps cover 
a variety of subjects — home- 
opathy, music and labor. A 60 
centavos blue stamp honors the 
Fourth Brazilian Congress of Ho- 
meopathy. A 60c brown is for the 
centenary of the birth of the Bra- 
zilian composer and musician 
Henrique Oswald. His picture ap- 
pears on the adhesive. The third 
new issue is a 1.50 cruzeiro salm- 
on commemorating the recently 


held Fifth American Congress of | 
‘Labor now under the supervision | 
of the ILO (international Labor | 
| Organization). This stamp shows | 


a map of North and South Ameri- 


ca superimposed over a cogwheel. 


es oe ee 


King of Spain, established the first 
ee postal service 450 
years ago. 


Francois dé Tagsis, a Belgian 
‘nobleman in the employ of the 


authorized signature of the ship’s 
captain—Commodore Harry Man- 
ning. Orders for the covers should 
be sent to the Seamen’s Institute 
Cover Agency, 25 South St., New 
York 4, N.Y. on or before June 
25. The charge is fifty cents per 
cover — including postage — and 
should be sent in coin or money 
crder—not postage stamps. 


Proceeds of the sale will be do-: 
nated to the Seamen’s Church In- |} 


stitute for the maintainance of its 
various welfare agencies. 


terest to some of our American 
neighbors. The tagua nut is the 
fruit of a palm which grows wild 
in Colombia, Panama and other 
American republics, Ecuador has 
the largest number of palms. 
Tagua is vegetable ivory, the 
mature stage of the. edible nut. 


sweet, ‘the natives as well as 
squirrels, wild hogs and other 
animals enjoy the distinct flavor 


beat rich meat of the nut. When 


the nut becomes thoroughly ripe, 
the substance is hard, white and 
fine-grained. It now resembles the 
ivory of the elephant tusk; just 
as hard, and more durable. 

y eee 


The species of palm producing 
the nuts is not more than 20 feet 
high. The trunk is short and thick, 
marked by spiral lines left by 
fallen fronds. The leaves resemble 
those of the banana, but are more 
lacy, springing from the ground 
upward on the male palms and 
clustered in a disorderly array on 


the female tree, The female plant 


| produces fragrant blossoms which | 


When the kernels are soft and | 


| 


The Christian Science Monitor 


to try to get some of it 


| 3 dead 4 
“It's costing him s fortune t buy that property and he’s 


a : 
} 
é rs 


4 
hed 

r.% 

i] 

; 

Lo 


: : | 
later develop into round burrs in 


which the nuts are formed, These 
burrs, about the size of a man’s 
head, weigh about 20 pounds, and 
each burr contains up to i100 nuts, 
according to. the age of the.palm. 

After the nuts are removed 
from the burrs, they are stil] en- 
cased in exceedingly hard shells 
and when dried cannot be cut by 
ordinary steel, but must be 


cracked open with one sharp blow. 


by one who knows the trick. 

The ivory kernels received at 
the factory resemble small pota- 
toes, The ivory is sawed through, 
one piece after another. These 
pieces are subjected to great heat 
to remove all 
original bluish-white is. ivo 
colored by now. The hardened, 
dried pieces of tagua are sorted 
by machinery, then pessed to the 
men at the turning lathes who 
immerse them in steaming hot 
water until soft enough to be 
given holes sae ere 


Any parts of the nut remaining 
after the buttons are cut are used 
for fuel; the shavings and dust 


moisture, Their | 


Warm New Eng 


<r 


+1 $ 
: 


Beat 
; [en 


| 
ha 
| 
; 
/ 


land 


H ; | 
ahire 
eae 
i 
rk Eee 


aut 


f 


g 
| 


|and the Nati@nal Collegiate Ath- | 
‘letic Association. His college | 
‘record is so close to perfection 
‘that. it verges on monotony— 
‘unless victory excludes boredom. 
It' is comparable, on the more 
‘difficult college level, to Sandy 


inevitable that he would go out 
for swimming at Lawrenceville. {mikes champions. He’ stuck to 
4) ae ’ | the rigorous training routine 

| i Stepp recommended. A% a sopho- 

He was an immediate and tre-| more he broke the warld’s 200- 
mendous success. Within ‘two:) yard record for the breast stroke 
months after) the start of the held by the famous Joe Verdeur. 
swimming season in December, Brawner has competéd against 
Sandy had broken five individual Verdeur many times. In one of 
school marks.| He did beautifully their most stirring _races. Joe 
competing against Princeton and‘ beat the world’s record for 200 
Yale freshmeh—set records, and | meters en route to second place. 


To honor this anniversary Brus- 
| sels was chosen as the site for. the 
|13th congress of the Universal 
| Postal Union, Delegates from 92 
countries are attending the ses- 
' sions designed:to study improve- | 
f : ment of international postal rela- 
Gideonse’s record at Lawrence- |tigns The Congress is scheduled 
ville. , | to end July 10. 6 
Whether you want to make ‘The Belgian government has | 
and break records, or just have | announced that the first Belgian | 
fun, it isn't too late to start. All 


for polishing. Tagua nuts resist 
wear and tear, they are attractive 
in ap and dependable 
beyond belief. The men who har- 
vest the nuts live in the wild 
jungles for months, away from} 
family or friends, The trek from 
the jungle to the battlefield is a 
long one, but no amount of use 
ae ever worn or broken a tagua 
nut, 


_ She told us the story 
that her unknown 
might read the column 
that this particular N 
lander has a very w 
Midwesterner’s 


oe ese 


”, p¢@e.. 


Lillian Cox Athey 


seemingly with ease. Now Sandy, , Brawner 
who is an honor student, is look- | 


ing forward to continuing his 
swimming in ¢ollege. Great things 
are predicted for him. 


Now if you 


} 


Lawrenceville! 


enthusiasm for swimming 


school requir 
Princeton’s wyarsity 


breast strokers 


discouraged, | 
consider the case of a fellow who | 
has already achieved*great things | 
as a college swimmer. He went to | 
too, but he couldn’t | 
make the swimming team as a'| 
sophomore. He carried no great | 
into | 
prep school. A$ a matter of fact, he | 
took up the sport only because | 
. participation in some sport was a |} 
ent. But now Bob | 
Brawner, whojhas twice captained | 
swimming | 
team, is one of the world’s great | 


won ‘the race (which 


you need is a genuine enthusiasm. 


—— 


| 
| 


Rosy Outlook 


Bob began to like swimming a | 


a 


Shocking, peppermint, and rusty, 
Thistle, clover, sunrise, dusty, 
Azalea, fuchsia, coral, carnation: 
In all this bright conglomeration, 
If 1 find what I want, I think 
That Pll be tickled—also pink. 


#EAN SARTWELL 


, mins 


By Barbara Kobler 

Helmi, Lizbeth, Mark, Ruth, 
Hans, and Kaspar are some of 
my Swiss cousins: When I visited 
them one warm summer evéning, 
they announced that we would 
go to a fair in a nearby village, 
As soon as the boys had ex- 
changed their! ties for red ban- 


were off to Wetzikon, | 

The fair sprawled all: over the 
town; strings of lights bobbed 
everywhere; booths lined, the 
main street and every vacant lot. 
We linked arms and strode seven- 
abreast down the le of the 


& 


a a BX 
. i 


<> 


te 
‘> 
°? ‘o ; 
otk Wah 
Py P,. 
¥ - 


Pao 
pte en 
Be . 


These sthool children proudly 


* f% we wd; Lies y* ,. < 
L DETSChae {weg 


Bm de > rs Gs 4 
Bees | ri Pe acu 7 


_ The Fair at Wetzikon, Switzerland 


| danas and ‘filled their pockets | road, singing “One Meat Ball.” 
with a jingle of small coins, we | (My Swiss cousins speak English 
|}and like songs which they think 


are very American.) 

First the rifle ranges caught 
our eye. As a result of their mili- 
tary training program, ali the 
boys were good marksmen. We 
girls were wearing flowers after 
one round of shots. This done, 


: 


| 


they turned efforts to shooting for 
bigger prizes. The most desired 
trophy was a four-foot cone of 
sugar which some modern Wil- 
liam Tell might take home to his 
wife for canning, Our lads tried 


| again and again to shatter the 
fi slender glass tube which would | 
[} release the valued cone, but it) 


| stamp showing their new mon-| 
arch, 21-year-old King Baudouin, | 


will be issued to commemorate 
this oceasion. A series of stamps 
showing the members of the Tas- 


fore the conclusion of the UPU 


sessions, ‘3 
° ee ee 


French Morocco has issued a 


‘new airmail series, reports the 
New York Stamp Co. The 40 franc | 


red shows a plane in flight over 


ab lt % a 
ors ~ ¥F 
* 6 < - . 
a § devin 4 am, ’ x 
4 “ae ie 


ral eve 


3 NEDERLAND 


Four special postage stamps 
will be issued in commemora- 
tion of the Centenaries of the 
Netherlands Postage Stamp and 
of the Netherlands Telegraph 


proyed to be harder than it ap-| 


peared, At last they had to be 
content with. scrubbing brushes 
and a Teddy bear for our young 
nephew, 

ae es 


Bearing away the spoils of their 
marksmanship, the cousins led on 
to little electric autos. We drove 
around a crowded. floor, making 
harmless, hilarious traffic jams. 
Then all the other rides were 
sampled——a spinning platter, fer- 
ris wheel with covered sedan 
chairs seating four, and a tunnel 
in which some unseen Alpine 
gnome showered us with confetti. 

As we unwound the endless 
colored strands, we became aware 
of delicious aromas, All at once 
we were hungry! The good folk 


= e|.of the village had not only fore- 
*| seen this, but amply provided for 


pa\ it, A few centimes 
" zling veal sausage, anchored be- 


bought a siz- 


=| tween thick slices of black bread, 


SS a hr ae 


eS : Bi: ia ite ai es mS Sigs ware 
rry cone-shaped gifts 


and a cool drink, 
i eee eet 
Other booths offered chunky, 


’ 
; 
| 


; 


| 


Services. The denominations 
will be 2, 6, 10 and 20 cents. The 
series will be available at all 
Netherlands post offices and at 
the . Philatelic Service, The 
a from June 28 to July 31, 
1952, 


Casablanca; The 100 fr brown 
illustrates ’a plane over an an- 
cient fortress. The 200 fr violet 
depicts a plane fiying over th 
city of Fez. ; 
Bo Fr 

Japan has issued two new 
stamps to comrnemorate the 75th 
anniversary of the Japanese Red 
Cross. The 10 yen green depicts 


‘a Red Cross nurse with a Red 


Cross band around her arm. The 
5 yen red shows the famed Red 
Cross.symbol with a water lily in 
front of it. This flower has been 
used by the Japanese as a symbol 
of peace for many years. Japanese 
postal authorities announced that 
their next cultural issue will] be 
released at the end of August, 
' a? ae 


Superliner Cachet 
The new 52,000-ton superliner 


sis family also will be issued be- | 


Nice Ove, 
A LivmieG Ww 


> — -_ 


Ler’s SEE YOu DO TT 
AGAIN, Hymic ..— 


% 


WHEN I CAME OUT 
THIS AFTERNOON 


2 POUND . THE 
BOYS COVER AT 
THE BALL FIELD. 


Now ve Has TO SEE HOW 

LONG HE CAN STAY UNDER 

WATER [ oer CONTR RARZY 
PERSON | EvER KNEW 


ADVENTURES OF WADDLES 


SLOGAN! 


BucresiL’s \"THINK OF IT, GIRLS. ANY 
NEW CAMPAIGNS ONE OF You MIGHT BECOME 
THE FIRST LADY OF 

- Lanp™! 


1ON THE 


RAN.OUT THE 
poor! 


THE 


— 


t 


_, 


)=] 


CLSeR GLA iLL 


WHEN HE SAID THAT 
LAST NIGHT, 
TED JUMPEDUPAND (FROM 


HE THINKS _ 
ALYCE I$ SAVED 
IMAGINE AWYONE | 


| United States is scheduled to sail 
.jfrom New York on July 3 to 
| England and France and cover 
collectors will be interested to 
|know that The Seamen’s Church 


homemade cookies, heavy with 
spice, Here and there, under tall 


F irst Steps Into a New Werld 
ei | 2 si | trees, long tables and benches had 


33 : been set up. A rustic band. on a 


THE VANGNOMES 


y 


gg eh Berlin 

In Berlin it has been customary 
for decades to| give cone-shaped 
“sugar bags,” e of stiff paper 
or cardboard, to the little children 
upon the occasion of their first 
day at school, These very colorful 
containers a not sugar, as 
the name implies, but chocolate 
and other candies, sweets of all 
kinds, These gifts are given to 
encourage the ichildren to think 
of schoo! as fun—_— | 


By Rosmarie Kittler | 


with their bags after the first les- 
son in school, In this picture three 
of the children are proudly ex- 
hibiting their gifts. As it was just 
a few days after Easter when the 
promotion took place; lots of chil- 
dren found even Easter eggs in 
their cones. | ; 

After the end of the war in 
1945, the scholastic year began in 
fall, on September 1) but this ar- 
rangement has been changed. 


Now the schoo] 


wooden platform invited dancing. 
We whirled through polka after 


polka and waltz after waltz in a/ 


dense crowd of merrymakers, 
pausing only long enough to 
munch more sausage. 

At the midnight curfew, the 
dancing moved to an upper hall 
of the town house, Here a family 
of vegetable vendors played the 
music, led by a dark-skinned girl 
with an accordion, I learned that 
she drives a truck over the moun- 
tain passes during the day, taking 


Institute of New York will act as 
agents for first day covers marking 
the event. Cacheted covers will 
carry a United States five cent 
postage stamp and will be back 
stamped either England or France 
according to the collector’s. ex- 


pressed pref “s 

Collectors will provide their 
own unstamped self-addressed en- 
velopes. Any size will be accept- 
able that will allow for a three 
inch wide by two inch high 


Olsey, the Oyster wes 
An AUDIENCE BY A777 


GRANTED 
eofune 


+ o 2 
a es Sh es Pee . an  , 
‘ > 

: os; mason x 


a. 
c asaea 


ee 


bbe Bee - 
a ene eee a 


year starts in 


pee 


sy a 
es w 
ey Ly eT 
nen 
5 ge aa vg 
pert oh ca 
SE eke 


April 16 was a ‘grand ‘Gay for spring. . her produce to market. Six dances 

_ about 16,000 Berlin children who! There are still not enough made each round, then a five- 
_ ‘went to school; for the very first school buildings in Berlin. There- | minuté breath-catcher, and oe entecmememenaage, ‘eo | ; | ? Se | 

time, Many of; the mothers and | fore these children, as well as the | again in tireless vigor; Captivated | | . : ; : : 7 n“\% . | | : 
fathers who atcompanied them, | older pupils, will have¥o attend | by the gaiety, we never stopped, , | : 

handed the children their sugar school one week in the morning, | our feet obeying the rousing folk 

treats before they entered the ;and the next'in the afternoon. | tunes. 
all; 


school ‘duildi f. Other pdrents The children do not mind ‘at The sunrise reminded us to go ! 
waited for children in the | they are proud to be advanced | home, It had been a wonderful |** **1/* 
classrooms Presented them ' from kindergarten to schoo] life, : 


printed cachet which will carry an 


¥ ° 


et + be i 
eS : .o 5 a 
: 
on : 
- ? 
. 
a Sn 0 


a 


j See AP % 
’ . a ae te 
main: * . ‘ak yl _— 


se a ae Ae : at 
~ Pane Seen tel at 
, « 
4. 


- 
% ® 


| night at the Wetzikon Fair. 
e 


ae 


seh CES rar | 


aoe. 
~ Yo 4 : ‘ 
Fins? r, 


THURSDAY, May 22, 1952, j 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR _ 


_ “First the blade, pen the ear, AGES then the i grain in the ear” 


«<) — 


i 


Editorials 


The big contest will only begin 
when Ch Nor Adenauer of the 
German | eral Republic on May 26, 
according to present schedules, places 


his signature on the general treaty for 


restoration of substantial sovereignty 
to West Gerinany by the United 
States, Britain, and France. Ratifica- 
tion of that contract will. place before 
Germans the most difficult and far- 
“reaching decision they have made for 
themselves since World War II. 

The German Supreme Court has 
ruled that the Chancellor has legal 
' authority ‘to sign the document. His 

own party, the Christian Democratic 


Union, favors ratification: The Free _ 


Democrats, part of his coalition, are 
undecided, The Social Democrats, 
powerful opposition party, are against 

ratification and have obtained a spe- 
cial Bundéstag| meeting to try to pre- 
vent, or pone the signing. 

At first Chancellor Adenauer seemed 
faced with almost insuperable opposi- 
tion. Yet as Bundestag members and 
other leaders of opinion have coolly 
appraised ‘the alternatives the resist- 
ance has diminished. Certainly pro- 
longed occupation is not desirable. 
‘And assurance by the western powers 
that they definitely intend to hold 
West Berlin against Soviet threats 
has heartened some of the Socialists. 

It is only fair to recognize some of 
the sources and the nature of the 
Social Democratic opposition, It is in 
no possible sense of the word pro- 
Communist. These followers of Dr. 
Kurt Schumacher have fought the 
Communists with high — and 
great. aiageivences. 


 Geriaiaty? - Hour of Choice 


Their points of difference with the 
maj rity government at Bonn are 
prin¢ipally these: (a) They insist that 
reunifi¢ation of Germany should be 
the first aim, and that this be talked 
out with the Russians before any step 
is taken to weld part of Germany into 
a western defense bloc. (b) They 
‘want Germany to have full control of 


_ its own army, if it is to have one, in- 


stead of providing part of a European 
army. 

In response to the first. of these ob- 
jections itcan be argued honestly that 
if w is in earnest about its pro- 
posals for elections to institute an all- 
German government over a free and 


reunjted country embracing what are 


now the eastern and western zones of 
Germany, those proposals can be ex- 
plored as well after as before the 
signing of the West German peace 
agreement. Such negotiations need not 


‘be impossible even with West Ger- . 


many as a signatory to the projected 
European Defense Pact. 

As. to exclusive national control of 
an independent German army, there 
ure gaid to be a number of Germans, 
and probably not a few Social Demo- 
crats among them, who would feel 
more uneasy at a revived military 
power under a German general staff 


than) as part of an integrated Euro- 


‘pean force. 

The conclusive logic, though, may 
‘be that a force of Germans, French- 
men, Dutchmen, Belgians, and Italians, 
with’ Brifons and Americans beside 
them, is more likely to defend Ger- 
many ,with success against present 
dangers than is any army Germans 
ir might raise-alone. 


4 
\ 


The » political uproar in South Africa 
‘today is not to be explained wholly 
in terms of black and white. It is sig- 
nificant —+ and symbolic — that the 
present constitutional crisis has been 
precipitated by the question of the 
- voting rights of the “colored” or half- 

caste minority. — 

The “European” (white) population 
is fairly well united in agreement that 
the “native” (black) majority is far 
from reafly for voting and other 
| on a basis of democratic 
équality. | But the Europeans are 
sharply divided on the direction of 
‘social progress— whether toward an 
ideal of more or less total segregation 
of racial groups (apartheid) or of 
closer integration of groups (under 
white leadership). This deep-cleavage — 
follows, in part, the distinction ‘be- 
tween Atvikander (Dutch) and British 
South 4 n. 

In. pushing his policy of apartheid, 
. Prime Minister Malan is attempting 
to make a separate voting community 


Not Black andl White 


the Malan policies seém to reflect the 
Nazi’ inclinations Dr. Malan once 


openly expressed; but every criticism 


of the “colored” minority, even if it 


_ 4means overriding the constitution to 


do so. This is excoriated by the opposi- 


‘tion as dictatorship and as creating 
new divisions instead of helping to 
bridge 4 ones. To the world at ‘ye welt 


from outside only setms to increase 
the fiery zeal of the crusaders for 
pope. 

| Perhaps the best thing outsiders 
can do is to recognize and give moral 
support to the Christian liberalism 
within South Africa itself. This lib- 
eralism may’ not go nearly so far 
toward rectifying racial injustices as 
might be ‘wished by those democratic 
. thinkers in other countries who have 
smal 
diffieult problems of South Africa. But 


various individuals and groups in that. 


natibn—particularly those associated 
with the multiracial Institute of Race 
Relationsare pushing in the direc- 
tion of better understanding and hold 
out hope for the future if the present 
chalienge of political reaction and 
racigm can be successfully met. 

Ultimately the solution must come 
from South Africans themselves, of 
all races. Any attempt to see the prob- 
lem in’ oversimplified terms of black 
and white is doomed by the same rich 
diversity | — and interdependence — 
of human interests that must finally 
doom the dogmatic oversimplifications 
of er extremism. 


. Occasion: West Point 


The 1 anniversary of the found- 
ing of the United States Military 
Academy |provided President Truman 
with an apt occasion to say several 
things which gathering world develop- 
ments dernanded of the moment. 

Because it was West Point’s sesqui- 
centennial it was appropriate that he 
speak of the wisdom of strong mili- 
tary prepare ess, Because his coun- 
try is not'eve where understood he 
needed to ass: ¢ the world of its un- 


warlike spirit and its peaceful inten- 


tions. Because of the critical deadlock | 
at Panmunjom he had to reaffirm as 
his country’s Chief Executive the de- 
termination never to retreat on an un- 
-compromisable moral issue. (“We 
Won't buy an armistice by trafficking 


Unofficial Ambassadors 


Humanities shine through the car- 
nage of war in Korea, When Lee Neo 
Yoon, sérving as interpreter between 


the American and South Korean naval | 


forces, extended his work to teaching 
his shipmates the languages he knew, 
he little dreamed that his “overtime” 
would help him to fulfill his most 
cherished dream. . 

Before North Korean soldiers 
brought. | guns to South Korea this 
young native of Inchon was planning 
to go to the United States to take up 
a scholarship offer by Lynchburg Col- 
leg¢, Va. His plans frustrated by war, 
Mr. Lee promptly volunteered to use 
his facility in Korean, Japanese, Chi- 


| nese, and English to help the. forces 


of the country he so admired. 

Now he is to get to the United 
States after all. His shipmates’ gener- 
osity is bringing him across the Pa- 


cific, and other Americans are helping 


of. the obvious potentiali- 


lie behind a collapse of | 


negotiatians it devolved upon the 


Commander in Chief to assure his 

- fellow citizens and to warn the enemy 

that the United States is aware of the 

danger and feels ready to meet what- 
eyer may come. 

Mall of these requisites Mr, Truman © 
fulfilled ‘with the odd eloquence | 
| mpg ho by an uneloquent 
man. Much of what he said may seem | 

cans like a of 


3 aeons nor familiar. The | 
things he said cannot be repeated-too i 


often or too a 


t: 


| 


him to reach Lynchburg, to take de- 
layed advantage of the scholarship. 
Such acts of practical assistance 
flowing from the hearts of unofficial 
ambassadors in the American forces 


are| perhaps nothing very unsual at. 


home, but they are democracy fh 
action to the Navy men’s Oriental bud- 
dies, And that action will bring further 
Dawe nag dl | when Mr. Lee returns to 
Korea to help salvage .his sa ski 
country. 


‘Terms of the biggest wired-herktng 
deal between Britain and Russia since 
the war have been announced in Par- 
_liament. Press reparts said it is be- 
_ Jieved more than 80,000,000 fish will go 
to Russia in return for canned salmon. 

A cured herring is a red heen 
turned conservative. 


i 
: 
; 
1 : 
a 


1 knowledge of the peculiarly- 


: 


Monument to Communism 


_ BRITAIN'S 3 


840,000,000 


INVESTMENTS 
IN RED CHINA 


Plumbing the Plumbing 


A Dispatch From the Farm 


+, 


By John Gould 


Never having taken a lesson in my life, 
the violin and plumbing. have not been 
included heretofore in my repertory, but I 
have made great strides since last October. 

Oct, 16, to be preeise, was the day a 
visitor helped with the: kitchen work ‘and 
succeeded in losing a silver teaspoon down 
the sink drain, “Oh,” said I, “I'll fetch a 
wrench and get it-—no trouble. No trouble 
at all.” Since that time the visitor went her 
way and returned twice and the spoon was 
still in the drain, I have successfully 
avoided tampering with the plumbing be- 
cause the spoon, up to a late hour, had not 
seemed to interfere with our domestic 
purposes, 

You may wonder how I am so sure of 
the date, When this mishap occurred I made 


a note on the kitchen’ blackboard to remind 
me of the task, and as day succeeded day 
my wife began to wonder just how long I 
could eliminate activity in that connection, 
and after about two weeks she figured up 
the date and wrote it down, To shame me. 
But. I am not easily shamed by such snide 
tactics, and decided if she felt that way 
about it I-would show her. 

Our sink is in two sections, One side is 
deep for dipping sheep and such-like famil- 
iar farm chores, the other is shallow for 
more casual ablutions and for washing 
things that won’t go in. the dishwasher. 
Then the dishwasher is connected into the 
sume drain, or dreen as we plumbers say, 
and by the time this series of conveniences 
meet on common ground, or in one trap, 
the piping has been elaborately contrived 
and it takes a good head to figure out from 
down cellar what is going on upstairs. 

I am not handsome, but I have. just the 
head for it. 

So I was at the sink the other day trying 
a new detergent on a paintbrush, Every 
few minutes somebody brings out a new 
detergent for general household work, éach 
better than another, and I always try them 
on. cleaning. paintbrushes, Most of them 
work well, although the hardware stores 
still sell patent brush cleaners in small 


‘packages at large prices. I think a man 


could buy a case of soap powder and re- 
package it for paintbrush cleaner and have 
a good income, 

But while I was engaged in this experi- 


mental work I noticed that the water I had 


just run down into the shallow sink was 
coming up in the deep sink, and it seemed 
to me the time to retrieve the spoon was 
at hand. 

Now up here in the country people still 
try to be easy to get along with, and we 
don’t. have these modern notions about 
zoning and licensed procedure: 1 under- 
stand there are places where a man can’t 
temper his own shower water in a mixer 
faucet without having a licensed plumber 
stand by to see that the code is adhered to. 


We are still allowed to draw off a glass of 


water without first getting’ a municipal 
permit, and a homeowner is still permitted 
to keep a kit of tools on hand without join- 
ing a trade society and buying | the grips, 
signs, and passwords. 

But there is a point where permission to 
live your own life bumps up against know- 
ing how, so I telephoned our plumber and - 


requested his attendance on the theory 


. that pipes are his business, and he may 


buy some apples from me. ‘But he said he 
was busy, and wanted to know if it wasn’t 
something I could do myself, That’s what 
I was afraid of, so he promised that if I 
got stuck he would come up and salvage 
what he could, and with this assurance I 
sallied forth, 


Joint by joint I a iiediied viervininn | 


under the sinks, including the spout on a 
watering pot, and soon had my dishwasher 
severed from organized society. A great, 
gaping void existed in no time, and at 
each counter-clockwise turn of events I 
expected to find one spoon, I expected it to 
be tarnished, and perhaps. emaciated. But 
as I went along some distance towards the 
sea and didn’t find said spoon, I eerie <i 
something was amiss. 

I couldn’t see how the spoon weiild ne- 
gotiate the trap, and I hardly expected it 
would have disintegrated entirely, being 
real silver. We have three real silver spoons, 
and another that is doubtful, and I should 
hate to think expensive tools like that 
wouldn’t. stand up under ordinary usage. 
So I picked up the 17 pieces of pipe,’ 23 
fittings, eight bushings, nine unions, and 
assorted dinguses, and. inspected each’ in 
turn to see what I could see, No spoon. | 

I found it then. It had dropped out of the 
first length of pipe; but had failed to. fall 
into the second, and was sitting midway be- 
tween the cellar ceiling and the kitchen 
floor, on a beam alongside a power conduit, 
and by standing on one ear and holding an 
extension lamp with the other I could 
make it out just as plain. I fetched a couple 
of slats and made some chopsticks, and 
with barely an hour’s work! was able: to 
retrieve the spoon, It was well caeniatiod, 
but not emaciated, I put it ona wire. brush 
and it polished up nicely.. > . 

Off and on‘ever since I have been tinker- 
ing with the pieces of pipe,|I am behind 
in my spring work, and have quite a pile 
of spent dishes ahead of me, When I ‘am 
down cellar I can wiggle .a pipe but can’t 
turn it. When I am upstairs; I can feel a 
joint but can’t sée-it- I have taken quite 
an interest in the trade, and after a few 
more days of concentrated study I should 
be ready to take my state boards and get a 
license. | 

I may learn to play the vidlin next, 


Song Not to Blame 


Mirror of World Opinion | 


Allied high commission members in .Ger- 
many will offer no objection to restoration 
of “Deutschland iiber alles”|as West Ger- 
raany’s national anthem, gays an item from 
Bonn. It is a wise decision. People cannot 
and should not be restrained from expréss- 
ing love of their country, | and: this they 
can best do in sdéngs that have survived 
through the years, 

Americans are -as patriotic as any. ‘We 
sirig of the prowess and superiority of our 
schools, from the grades to college, In “The 
Star Spangled Banner,” writ by Francis 
Scott. Key during the bombardment of Fort 
McHenry in 1814, we express anything but 
admiration for the British, who since have 
become our steadfast friends, When we 
sing it now we bear no animosity toward 
them. The words have lost their sting but 
not their fervor. 

“Deutschland tiber alles” was written by 
August Heinrich Hoffrnann in 1841, He 
intended to express only patriotic love of 
country, and the title meant only “Germany 
Before All.” However the German wars 
of conquest, particularly World Wars 1 and 
II, gave it a corinotation of “Germany 
Above the Whole World. 


It is not the song, but the German iesbure 


who. have caused the trouble since 1914. 
If the leaders of the future are the wrong 
type, more trouble will come whether or 
not the people sing about “Germany. Before 
All.” And trouble is stire to come if Ger- 

many should fall into the hands of jgnen 
who would force it to sing the Commynist 
“Internationale,” — (Portland) si a8 


| 


. masses! 


Tke? ta a New Field 


An Intimate Movense From Par 


| he séiudelas Wiis ailae ka ek 


-der_ his military command. Also this week 
he became a sideline spectator as the diplo- 
mats labored. to complete the structure of 
European military unity which he had so 
largely started. He was no longer a rnajor 
moving .force in the process, He was en- 
gaged in separating himself from it. ) 
A corollary of this separation of “Ike” 
from the second European chapter of his 
life has been an end-to the period when he 


insisted, even in private and personal con- — 


versations, on nonrecognition of his actual 
involvement in American domestic polities, 
Publicly he still refrains from such sub- 
jects. Privately, and beginning about -two 
weeks ago, he has been willing “to talk 
politics” with the visitors who stream 
through his office in undiminished agmbers. 

What is said in these discussions is “off 
the record.” The visits are granted on that 
basis, Nevertheless, some of \the visitors | 
emerge expressing opinions about “Ike’s” 
political inclinations. One of the most. fre- 
quent assessments is that “Ike” in domestic 
politics is at least as far to the right as 
Senator Taft and perhaps even farther, The 
question is very seriously in order whether 
this is an accurate assessment, for it might 
determine the outcome of nomination, elec- 
tion, and possibly eventual success in the 
presidency. be boo 


In this reporter’s opinion such an assess- 
ment is premature. ‘Time might confirm it 
but the present evidence upon which it is 
based has; I believe, been misread. It would 
be more accurate, I think, to say that some 
of “Ike’s” thinking on domestic politics 
naturally is conditioned by “experiences 

going even back of the period which has 
crystallized Senator Taft’s philosophy, That 
is to say that for the past forty years Sen- 
ator Taft has been living in the midst of 
profound changes in the American domestic 
scene gnnd has adjusted himself, sometimes. 
with ease and sometimes with difficulty, to 
the actual condition of American domestic 
life. But “Ike,” not having been intimately 
associated with domestic affairs during that 
period, has not yet had the opportunity to 
test the adjustment of his inclinations to 
actual situations in American internal 
affairs, ‘ | 


of conversations with “Ike” -and who 


quently hears what he wishes te hear r 


on the left in domestie affairs. | | 
This could prove to be successful strateg, 
if “Ike’s” present thinking does in the ent 


put him to the right of Senator Taft. Hows 


ever, it could misfire because, I think, “Ike 
is presently a 1952 or even a 1960 Ame 
in foreign affairs but is in a careful p 


American domestic aftaits. 


As a Son of vy 


To Tue CuristiaAn SCIENCE MONITOR: 

The editorial, “Please Give Some Facts,” 
in your May 6 issue, has just come to my 
attention. Being one of thdse “politically 

immature” Asians of the “mugwump” area 
called Indonesia, I wish very much to make 
my contribution in presenting the truth or 
facts.as so urgently requested. by August 
Jansen [whose letter called forth the above 
editorial], 

What is really at stake in the matter @is- 
cussed by your éditorial is not the question 
“why Indonesian students find it much 
easier to believe Russian charges that the 
United States is using germ warfare in 
Korea than to believe American denials of 
these charges,” but rather the question, 
“Why has American policy and the ideals 
it stands for created so much distrust among 


‘the ‘backward’ and ‘politically immature’ 


natives of Indonesia or Asia as a whole?” 
The answer can be found in the record 
shown by American Far Eastern policy in 
the past, especially after the close of te 
Pacific War. 

It was only after the war that some of the 
nationalist movements in Asia began to be 
suffused ‘with Communist influence and to 
be described to the western world as Com- 
munist-inspired. To be sure, these nation- 
alist movements developed strong leftist 
strains, reflecting the universal trend, Jn 
Indo-China, the leadership fell into Com~. 
munist hands, not so much on account of 
the intrinsic appeal of communism as be- 
cause the Communist Party was identified. 
with the nationalist struggle first against. 
the Japanese and later against the French, 
who made the grievous miscalculation of 
trying to reinstate their prewar contrai of 
the country through violent means. And the 
best way to make the country more Red 
than it already is is “to persuade the French 
to give to the Bao Dai government more of 
the actual substance of independence”! | 

In China, the Communists owe their sucs 
cesses as much to the bankruptcy of the Na- 
tionalist leadership as to any postive appeal 
which communism may have for the Chinese 


FF ia 


There was a fateful moment pail the 
war when America could have made all of 
Asia safe for freedom and democracy. Asia 
hoped for a new life after the war, Without. 
exception (even in the case of Ho Chi Minh) 


; 
ae 


-BEEE 


Cie US. Policy 


failure to ‘alhaiihedil goon enough... 
revolutionary flavor of. contemporary 


byt A the Unite 


States policy could be negative, It | 


merge omen Be a an gmetnee ee = | 


gaged in a ho 

and it was a | 

seca sentatcioalin Waele ae 

in Asia, But this. transition failed to take 


£ 


Eo =f 


a8 
.