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Woman FBI Agent 
Ties Devens Officer 
To Communist Unit 

{ By a Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 

bershi Ey Joan Thiriet 
Fort Devens, mem p. At the time of Lieu- 
Information of the activities of tenant Thierman’s alleged appli- | ee a rare ee eas 

: tion f bership, -| ) : 
| the Communist Party in Wash- Cie that the — cis! A threat from the King of Cambodia to start negotiations 
j ington about the year 1946 was on all levels conducting a recruit- | with the Communists unless France grants his country com- 
| supplied today by Mrs. Mary ing drive. In the spring of 1946,| plete independence has worsened the Indo-China situation 
| Stalicut Markward, former Fed~- wll Sele asain gg oe alr +g ave as rir ne a eg meng Mr Aesop wg 
| eral Bureau of Investigation un~ ington-Maryland district where |tne three Indo-China states under French protectorate, issued 
bo idercover agent in testimony she served as an officer. / / fae 2 pwr : 

For a moment the boy was | t th o amertiol wees a communiqué clarifying the sovereign’s declaration. 
speechless. It was all as sudden, &  seehond ead aabagg " Party Name Changed This news was accompanied by the governmental informa- 
as inexplicable—and as wonder- : j ceedings against Lt. Sheppard She told the court that in order | tion that the King already had had some contact with repre- 
ee . ‘gga riers 'sentatives of Ho Chi Minh, leader of the Communist Viet minh 

vik hax. 


Reds Turn Heavy Fire 
Against Southeast Asia 

Cambodia Warns France ‘Sellout’ Hit 





The PWs Come Home 

Speechless — But Happy 

oo . . 
ae Pe 7 

Ta RS, 
. Sea 

stra , 
glistened as he gazed out over the 
crowd Lelow him. 

<- seappd gr 
Medina of 
ii in a 
camp. Now he was stand- 
erect and free in the warm 
California sunshine. 

Mrs, Markward, who said she to make the membership in the} ,,. Emperor Dai of Viet Nam 
had served the Communist uP party more attractive, a conven-| Hanh. Tt slo was rumored oe een 

{hat she was teevetary-treasurer 0m Was held in 1945 at which Under the shadow of these new dangers, the cabinet of 

that she was secretary-treasurer 

Surging Welcome 

The welcome that surged over 
the 35 returning prisoners alight- 
ing at California’s Travis Air 

Base here this week makes a |} 
heart - warming ending to their 

part in the weird, undeclared war © 
which swept them up in its rush- ~ 
ing tide and carried them into 5 
the anxious void of months and ~ 

lof the city organization in the 
| nation’s capital in 1946 when the 
|} defendant was alleged to have 
i} applied for membership. 

She identified the card which 

S the prosecution claims was an 
‘S| application form for member- 

>. 8|ship in the 

Communist Party 
as one she received in her nor- 

| mal course of duties as secretary 
»~~ | of the District of Columbia Com- 

munist group. 

time the name of the organiza- 
tion was changed from the Com- 
munist Party to the Communist 
Political Association. The next 
year, however, she stated “the 
name was changed back to the 
Communist Party.” 

to gain continuance to a future 
date of court-martial proceedings 
in the trial of Lieutenant Thier- 
man have been denied, The ap- 

French Premier René Mayer 
held a meeting April 29, to de- 

‘cide whether the Communist 
aggression against Laos should 
be put before the United Na- 
‘tions Security Council. 

Repeated efforts by Mr. Bloch | 

No decision was taken, how- 
ever, for it is clear that the gov- 
ernment is split on this im- 

supplies. across the border in 
southern China. 

M. Bidault, on the other hand, 
maintains that the UN could not 
in — take speedy action on 
the os and .that 
France run the risk of see- 
ing its case thrown out by a hos- 

portant issue of the conduct to tile vote in the Security Council 

be observed internationally to- 

from Soviet supporters as well as 
from Arab and Asiatic countries 

peal was based on an allegedly | 
prejudicial story appearing in | <a encey eracy sk 
one of this morning's Boston |" premier Mayer and his Minis- 

=| The former FBI undercover 
=| worker, who previously has 

years of Chinese Communist © 
which charge it with “colonial- 

ist” policies. 

ie ye 
t began as a fickle spring day 

with the sky alternately smiling © 
and weeping on the small crowd 

that came to witness this plain 
and earnest fact of liberation. 
The very winds of heaven dealt 
mercifully with the homing trans- 
port, shortening its flight time 
over the final sea leg of the 
long journey from Tokyo to the 
mainland so much that some of 
the parents of the returning war 
missed the momentous 

“They'll come out alphabetic- 
ally,” an Air Force major cried 
down to the newsreel men, “the 
walking wounded first. They say 
they do not wish to talk to 
reporters, They want to rest here 
a little while and then they want 
to go home.” 

First GI Appears 

While the major was speaking, 
a GI came through the hatch- 
way and started slowly down the 
ramp. He was Sgt. Edward G. 
Anderson of Alabama City, Ala. 
The emotional impact of this mo- 
ment was something beyond the 
power of words to impart. There 
was no noise save the whirring 
of the movie cameras and a few 
scattered handclaps. 

One by one the men came 
down the ramp and into the am- 

Brock, Corder-Ramos, Dan- 

Associated Press 

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Leominster PW Returns 

Cpl. Donald K. LeGay wants strawberry shortcake and his convertible 

dreo, Dunn, Flamming, Garcia, 
Gregory, Jackson, Kelley, Ker- 
sata, Lee, LeGay, Mitchell, Me- 
dina, McGee, Osorio, Purvis, Pat- 
rick, Penn, Peterson, Picerno, 
Pumphrey, Rivera-Oritz, Todd, 

Now men were being borne out 
on litters: 

Jankovits, Lawley, 
Pizarro, Smith, Vidal, 
Weinbrant, Wisemand. 

The kaleidoscope of names and 
faces bespoke the sturdy cross- 
section from town and country 
that is welded together to make 
an army—the racial mixtures 
that are the bone and sinew of 
the Anferican character. . Men 
whose forbears came to America 
in the Mayflower and men whose 
fathers came in the steerage from 
Queenstown and Genoa centuries 
later, and some whose great 
grandparents came in Yankee 

The homely human touches 
surrounding the Travis scene be- 
speak the individuality of each 
soldier in the ranks as something 


A Family Waits 

which no amount of mass dis- 
cipline can ever quite submerge. 

A veteran of the Ist Marine Di-| 

vision, Pfc. Baez Pizarro of Rio 

Piedras, Puerto Rico, came home | 

wearing a new gold stop watch 
strapped on his wrist. Pfc. Jose 
Garcia of Los Angeles came down 
the ramp with a camera sus- 
pended from one shoulder and a 
ditty bag with the oddest assort- 
ment of bulges dangling from 
the other. And another of the 
walking wounded Was clutching a 
half-squashed cake box, ' 

Out of the  vast-engulfing 
silence of Chinese Communist 
captivity the men all brought the 
same overriding desire for rest, 
and a concerted tribute to home. 

It needed no prompting from 
Capt. C. H. Dever, a chaplain 
who was on the plane with the 
men, for Corporal Medina to as- 
sert: “My mother’s name is Es- 
peranza. That means hope. I am 
sure she never gave me up. I’m 

sure she prayed unceasingly as| 

I did that I would come home 
again. I am grateful to God.” 

Home, Sweet Home for GI 

By the Associated Press 
ied Leominster, Mass. 

Deep into the early morning 
hours today, the small green and 
white frame house at 177 Hall 
Street was kept awake by a 
delicious insomnia. 

“Who can sleep?” asked Mrs. 
Walter LeGay. 

Her son, Cpl. Donald LeGay, 
was réturning home in a few 
hours after 29 months’ imprison- 
ment in North Korea. And (sleep 
or no sleep) the LeGays were 


Donald’s best gray suit (civil- 
fan) owas hanging, freshly 
cleaned and pressed, on the 
kitchen door. Newly laundered 
shirts were draped over a dryer 
in the crowded dining room, near 
the ironing board. In the same 
room stood a big refrigerator, 
jammed with the makings of 
cheesé sandwiches and straw- 
berry shortcake and other items 
Donald relishes. 

Near his picture on top of the 
old upright piano in the small 
living room were small gifts 
awaiting the returning Soldier, on 
the wall opposite the television 
set stood a stack of clippings 
recording the GI’s return to free- 

New Convertible Waiting 

And down at the garage where 
his father works as a mechanic— 

1947—a new convertible was 
Just how or when the new car 

would be paid for, Walter LeGay, 
a gaunt, quiet man, could not say, 





Field, Miss., was flying home to 
make the reunion complete. 

And then there was the call 
from San Francisco at 6 p.m. 

“It was Donald again,” said hm, 
‘first trip to New York, the Le- 

mother. “I had talked to him in 
Tokyo, but this time he sounded 
so much better—so much closer. 
He wanted to know how we all 
were and asked about the con- 

The phone had been ringing 
all day but the LeGays were still 
hungry for exact word on Don- 
ald’s arrival in the East. 

At 8:10 p.m. it rang again. Mrs. 
LeGay answered it and repeated 
aloud a telegram from Washing- 

At 8:30, the phone again. This 
time a picture-magazine photog- 
rapher wanted to know if he 
could drive the LeGays to the 
airport. They said, no thanks, 
their 1942 Lincoln could ‘still 
make the trip. 

Gis on the Radio 

At 8:55, a friend called to say 
the returning GIs were now on 
the radio, transcribed, from San 

The LeGays hurried around 
their small set in the kitchen but 
waited in vain for Donald’s voice. 


At 9:02, a New York television 
director wanted to know if the 
family would fly down to join 
Donald in a TV show. Obviously 
excited by the prospect of their 

Gays. said they would think it 

At 9:15, the Associated Press 
called from Boston. The Army 
had just announced the returning 
Gls were flying commercial lines 
from the coast. 

At 11, after being tipped off by | 

a local radio station, the family 
gathered again in the kitchen to 
hear Donald interviewed by tran- 
scription from San Francisco. 

“Coming home,” he Said, “is 
like coming back to earth a sec- 
ond time.” 

Mrs. LeGay looked at her hus- 
band and smiled. 

Asked about reports that some 
prisoners had succumbed to Com- 
munist . indoctrination, Donald 
said, “I’d rather not say.” 

“They'd never get Donald to 
fall for that stuff,” 
mother. ° 

Shortly before midnight came 
definite word that Donald would 
reach Boston at 3:05 p.m. today. 

“Somehow I Still don’t feel 
sleepy,” his mother said. 


7 < *y 

‘ P.@ 




said his 


tse testified before a subcommittee 
— \of the Senate Committee of the 

Judiciary, told the court that 
upon receipt of this.form she 
copied off the essential informa- 
tion necessary for the party’s rec- 
ords and turned it over to the 

Active in Party 

Mrs. Markward further testi- 
fied that she joined the party in 
May, 1943, and remained active 
through October, 1949, during 
which time she served in several 
important capacities. 

The Maryland housewife ad- 
mitted she did not know the de- 
'fendant personally but she iden- 

tified the application card of- 
fered by the prosecution as hav- 
‘ing been received from the stu- 
\dents’ club of the Communist 
‘Party in the nation’s capital. She 
‘further stated that she knew Dr, 
|Eugene Robin, Boston physician, 
who testified yesterday as one of 
the leaders of a Communist 
group in Washington. 

During Mrs. Markward’s ten- 
ure in the Communist Party she 
actually was an undercover in- 
vestigator for the FBI. It was on 
| this point that the defense coun- 
sel, Emanuel H. Bloch, strenu- 
ously objected to her testirhony. 
He said that so far none of her 
testimony has had any 
on whether or not Lieutenant 
Thierman ever became a member 
of a Communist group. 

Mrs. Markward dramatically 
told of the activities and organi- 
zation of the Communist group 
in Washington from the time she 
joined the party until she quit 


The defense counsel chargea | 
that an article and banner head- | 

line on an account of yesterday’s 
proceedings at Fort Devens, un- 
der the by-line of Lawrence 
Goldberg, contained false and 
misleading statements about the 

testimony given in yesterday’s 


He cited as particularly objec- 
tionable the banner headline on 
the page-one story which said 
“Thierman Card-Carrying Red, 
Dr. Robin Testifies at Trial.” He 
also referred to the closing para- 
graph of (the story in which a 

ter for the Associated States, 
Jean Letourneau, were reported 
in favor of taking the Laos case 
to the UN. However, they en- 
countered stubborn opposition 
from Foreign Minister Georges 
Bidault, supported by some of the 
other cabinet members. 

More U.S. Aid Sought 

The positions of the two groups 
can be summed up as follows: 

M. Mayer and those in favor of 
“internationalizing” the Laos ag- 
gression argue that this would 

statement was made about the | jead to increased American aid to 

accuracy of the Wednesday, April 
29, Goldberg story to which Mr. 
Bloch had objected. 

The paragraph in question 
stated that “the Post story re- 
ferred to in arguments before the 
court was published this morning 
and predicted with accuracy that 
Dr. Robins would be the chief 
government witness against Dr. 
Thierman, etc., etc.” 

Indo-China and would result in 

a link between the Indo-Chinese 
war and the Korean conflict, par- 

ticularly where peace parleys are 
' concerned. They argue that peace 
‘in Korea could not be reached 
then without the assurance that 

Communist China would cease 
aiding Ho Chi Minh and his 
forces, who obtain a good many 

Churchill Defends MIG Bribe 

By Reuters 


Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill has defended the le- 
gality of the United Nations command's te oe 

it is very much better to bribe a person 

than to killa n 


and very much better to be bribed than te 

| oo 

State of the Nation 

Trade. Not Aid—a Practical View 

By ROSCOE DRUMMOND, Chiel, Washington News Bureau, The Christian Science Monitor 


' Substitution of a policy of 
‘trade for aid. with our princi- 
pal allies is not something 
‘which concerns a few busi- 
‘nessmen whose companies 
would have to accept competi- 
‘tion in the open market of 
world trade. 

It concerns the whole na- 
tional welfare. 
_ It concerns the pocketbooks 
of every voter and every tax- 

It concerns the effectiveness 
of America’s efforts to help 
build the strength and unity 
of the free world in the com- 
mon defense. 

It concerns the vigor and 
health of the whole economy 

}—not just a few industries: 

There is little doubt that if 

é . s|the United States begins to 
‘ae | Duy from abroad in proportion 


iito what it sells abroad, there 

will be some economic dislo- 
cations within the nation. 
Ways of easing these disloca- 
tions should be examined. 
They present a very real 
problem. But in reaching an 
over-all policy decision we 
need to weigh the national 
welfare against the affected 
industries and to determine on 
balance whether trade rather 
than aid is not, on balance, the 
far greater good. 

Py ae 
Sometimes the advocates of 
trade, not aid, are met by op- 
position which does not deal 

"Wl with the merits of their argu- 

| ments but, rather, dismisses 
them on the ground that they 
are “theorists” and “have 
never met a ” The 
| “practical” critic objects to 
such observations as these: 

“The gradual reduction of 
the United States tariffs is an 
indispensable ingredient of 
a forward-looking economic 

The critic also objects to the 
following statement of the 
dilemma arising from the fact 
that we sell about $4,500,000,- 
000 more abroad than we buy: 

“We can continue giving 
away our assets in the form of 
foreign aid. Or, 

“We can accept more 
foreign goods thereby obtain- 
ing a useful quid pro. quo for 
our exports. | 

“Tf we do neither of these 
things we are sure to precipi- 


*| It concerns the ability of “a 
| the government to cut federal ANG 
»)| spending, balance the budget, 
» |and reduce taxes. 

Justus, Minneapolis Star 
Horns of the Dilemma 

tate a new international pay- 
ments crisis and lose foreign 
markets for our export in- 
dustries. The result will be 
detrimental to our own wel- 
fare and to the unity and 
strength of the entire western 
world.” Ree 

The advocate of the fore- 
going, views is not a theorist 

“The free world. is not a The 

rocal Trade Agreements Act 
without protectionist amend- 
ments. The vote was more 
than four to one for the law 
giving the President power to 
negotiate mutual tariff reduc- 

This was not a poll reflect- 
ing the opinion of theorists 
who never have met a pay- 
roll. It reported the opinion of 

New England business and in- | 

dustrial leaders whose firms 
comprise the membership of 
the New England Council and 
the New England Association 
of Commercial Executives. 

“The Communists,” says 
Undersecretary of State 
Walter Bedell Smith who, as 
former ambassador to Mos- 
cow, knows the Communists 
pretty well, “look with enthu- 
siastic approval on the erec- 
tion of new trade barriers be- 
tween the nations of the free 

“Our national policy must 
be directed toward preventing 
such disruption. There must 
be more trade to help defeat 
the short-range threat to our 

accomplishing the long-range | 
task which faces us, once the | 

peate we seek has been won.” 

General Smith may never 
have met a payroll, except in 
the Army, but he is an in- 
formed and respected 

man of an 

elected, in part, because of its 
regard for the best interests of 
American business. 

+ b&b bh 

And this year the Chamber 
of Commerce of the ' United 
States itself is giving support 
to the policy of increasing im- 
ports ‘on the ground that such 
a policy is in the national 
terest. , 

Members of the chamber are 
not theorists only and. they 
have all met payrolls. 


Plight in UN Recalled 
M. Bidault has not forgotten, 
it seems, the number of occa- 

sions during the past winter i 

when the French representatives 
walked out of UN sessions to 
avoid listening to harsh criticism 
of their country’s overseas pol- 
icies in North Africa and Asia. 
The Paris press has taken up 
the discussion on the Indo- 
Chinese news with energy, and 
some bitterness, A striving article 
by Servan Schreiber in Le Monde, 
entitled “Why We Are Fighting,” 
refers to the report drawn up by 
a parliamentary commission of 


M. Schreiber charges that “real 
power in Indo-China belongs to 
the army. . . » The interest of the 
metropole, however, is eliminated 
a trifle more by the game of 
certain French politi groups 
which have found their principal 
source of revenue in the war.” 
He also refers to “a determination 
to prevent any solution other 
than a military victory—that is, 
indefinite occupation.” 

Grim News Expected 
Other papers refer to 

tion is a guarantee that one of 
M. Mayer's first actions when 
Parliament reconvenes on May 12 
must be to ask for a wide debate 
on the whole Indo-Chinese prob- 
lem and the conduct of the war. 

_ In the meantime, however, it 
is expected here that the news 
may be increasingly dramatic, for 
official reassurance at present 
has taken no more solid form 
than reference to the imminence 
of the rainy season, which it. is 
thought may hold up the aggres- 
sors, though in the past it has 
proved mainly a handicap for 
French aviation. 

West Indies Group 
Acts on Unification 

By the Associated Press 








point is the continued “provoca- 
tive” presence lara Na- 

Nations help to get out the tres- 
passers, Peking has left Rangoon 
policy unattacked and has made 

no reference to Burmese military 
efforts against its own Commu- 

the advancing Viet Minh forces. 

Realistic Stand Urged 

This menacing situation is ac- 
companied by a widening expres- 
sion of the view that there “can 
be no peaceful] settlement any- 
where in the East unless Come 
munist China consents.” This is 
the party line, of course—relayed 
by every undercover agent. 

Nevertheless, if-is being voiced 

They argue therefore that Sino- 
Soviet blackmail to get Commu- 
nist China into the United Nations 
would be more wisely met by 
concession than by taking the 
emerging consequences of the 

In short, southeast Asia is get- 

to lean more toward military 
than political solutions. 

The World’s Day 

Washington: Young Sentenced in ‘Mink’ Scandal 
security. Trade will assist in E. Merl Young, key figure in mink coat scandals in the Recdn- 
Finance Corporation i 


nvestigation, was sentenced to 
lying to 

serve a prison term of four months to two years for 

Senate investigators. 

bill e 
’ units in 32 states until 
been due to expire at midnight tonigh 
implied—for the first time—that 

The Atomic Energy 

rent controls on 5,- 
oat 31. The controls had 

it has actual “devices” in the hydrogen bomb line, presumably 
crude models, and that they release atomic energy on a “large 


Boston: Atomic Energy Act Modification Urged 

Far East: Second Plane With PWs Leaves Tokyo 

A second planeload of more than 40 freed American prisoners of 
on its way to the United States. 

Jr., of the United States Air Force in 

of world’s leading jet ace after bagging 


APRIL 30, 1953 _ | 

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Whitmore Takes On Big Joh ee |, ee ° eS es 
oT aap ». | Urgedin Atomic hes 
By EDGAR M. MILLS, New England Political Correspondent cc ae = | 
of The Christian Science Monitor By a Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor ° , 
. : : “fh 
. An all-out effort to report out jacting chairman, and now chair-' ~) ‘Wider. participation of private poenmeaen application of atomic © 
the state budget to the Massachu- |™an, of the ways and means) - enterprise in atomic energy Con | Tite aatanal she iicaiostal 
lat time next Committee. In working such & | velopment was utged by Dr. ot Satin eames 
| | P the incentives to te 
week is ufider way in the House |ample of his predecessor who Fl or a RGAE i aise tee ; private indus- 
Committee on Ways and Means. was often the first man in and | a er acsees “One to 7 investments 
Since January the committee Usually the last man out of the) today. a te “in | 
State House at night. More realistic handling of se- |! Priva atomic pows 
has beer poring over state finan- ““ " “i iC ee ee a ee nS in the atomic energy field |*T, Projects. which involves im- 
cial figures endeavoring to pre- | Joh——and Hobb © | was also advised by the chair- |Plicity the ownership of plants 
sent a frugal, workable expendi- | Y "~*~ | man of the Massachusetts Insti- and of fissionable material, with 
So for Mr. Whitmore legislative | tute of Technology corporation. | 

appropriate safeguards to its dis- 
tion and use 

ture program within the frame-— service, or rather state govern- “A second type has to do with 

work of the present revenue ment as a whole, has become not 

yields of the state’s tax setup. only a oonaze yg 7 but a. con- 
Directing the budget drive is stant hobby as well, 

» new helmaman, Representative |, 45, Proof, Mr. Whitmore calls 

his duties on the Baby Hoover i 
ete Whitmore, Jr. (R), of Commission his “No, 1 Public) 77 

: _ | Service Pleasure.” 
mittee after several weeks as|/#tor plunges ever deeper into |mia re at) Pence iia... * rows Se. oo tS | 
acting chairman. He has succeed- | ‘€ W4Ys and means committee : ae oo | ye és (Nt F BP tet a 

| scets t di recti hich nods | 

| portant di ons in which mod- | pate licensing.” sug- 
jification of the Atomic Energy eed ee patents ice 
pAct would promote the national | directly national defense 
) welfare.” should be made subject to the 
Dr. Compton addressed a gen- ortlinary patent law and proe 
feral session of the northeastesn | cedure. 

a ere of by =| A third type of incentive 
can tute of Electrical Engi- | ed Dr: Compton was that 
“iy whee plammepegsrps manos wg es to 


j tasks, he is swiftly reaching a 

ed the highly regarded late Rep- ~ 
point where he must make a - ' 
pene ig es Bs pons oa . decision as to his future political phan y Phnne Bony tied pp Ree rector of the reactor ‘ 
vse gy tm is legendary Course. Sennen dovelanenatiin en atomic Fhe ws of br United tes 
a . m 
One road has at its end the mental and operating tomic Energy Commission, made 

els,” for their thoughts on how | mg en report on atomic power 

the Atomic Energy Act could best |. 

In an interview before his 
be changed “to make it the most 
effective base for our security| speech, he said his purpose was 

to set the stage for engineers to 
— national advantage in this | understand the arguments that 

| wil i 
Dr. Compton said they ail had will go on concerning atomic en- 

agreed the act should be amended “He sie aed oa years. wil 

post of Mayor of Newton. 

The other path is the one he 
now is treading in the ways and 
means post. It could lead to even 
greater state honors although the 
ways and means chairman is one 
of the most powerful figures in 
state service. 

Invaluable Training 

So the new chairman has a 
major duty placed on his shoul- 
ders, even though he is serving 
his first year on the ways and 
means committee, an wunprece- 
dented rise on that most impor- 

today’s general session. 

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> tee. 

tant committee of the Legisla-| Long before the possjbility de- 
ture. veloped that as a first-year ways : concerning matters of secrecy have to be familiar with eco- 
But Mr. Whitmore is far from and means committeeman he and private participation. "3 'nomics which he termed “crucial 
a legislative neophyte. He is| would become chairman, Mr. f Unfortunately,” he said, “se- _to an understanding of all con- 
serving his fourth legislative); Whitmore announced his candi- crecy and progress are mutually | siderations of the civilian de- 
term, More important, he has | dacy for Mayor of Newton. inimical, as is true of all progress | velopment of atomic power.” 
in science whether for military 

Another big question, Dr. Haf- 
purposes or otherwise. Any ele- | stead said, is whether government 
ment of secrecy imposed on sci- | or private industry should finance 
entific progress acts like a brake.” | development of atomic energy for 
Dr. Compton said one of the civilian use in view of the fact 
best suggestions he had heard | that power thus obtained will 
was “that a high commission be | compete with coal and oil, 
appointed, composed of people He stressed the fact that power 
who are in the best possible posi- | is particularly cheap in the United 
tion to know the significance of | States. For this reason, he said, 

served on the Special Commis- 
-sion on the Structure of the State 
Government since it.was formed 
in 1949. 

He regards his service on that 
so-called Baby Hoover Commis- 
sion as invaluable training for 
his new post, a liberal back- 
ground on state affairs. 

Working at the job of being a 

Must Choose Field 

Both jobs are highly impor- 
tarit, but in obviously different 
spheres. Both are time-consum- 
ing positions. So after the 1953 
legislative session closes. Mr. ' 
Whitmore must make his deci- 
sion, a difficult one because of 


Associated Press 

Anne Cushman of Greenfield, Mass., right, stands by the famous 

“Sweetheart Gate.” which frames Beatrice Arial of Shelburne, 
Mass., in this prize-winning photograph made at Charlemont, 

7. om 
> as 
s we be) 
. a - 

4 “ aa” 
the prospective swains out. This photo, by Marvin Richmond of 
Worcester, Mass., won a prize in a recent phote contest. The New 
England members of the National Press Photographers Association 
are meeting in Shelburne May 23 and 24 during “Photo Week” 

legislator has become a 9 a.m, to his interests in both fields. Mass. on the Mohawk Trail. The gate served the purpose, in ti P 
p.m, or later schedule. for; As he puts it: Colonial times, of keeping “darling daughter” inside the gate and on the Mohawk Trail. | — paper yet Ry me Renn aten Sor ineetive. Thieme 
“Howie” since taking over as; “Since becoming involved in a : slyze and to judes what parts of | even: met phaad of este 
2 notes ood rag tes shicen ot son Kew + | os Sl d H . s this 8 ayy open are ones reason.” 
al Ma: | . ' available to our tential ene- He Co 
icity, but my primary course has Ruling Upset AprilReportCard \jU oe ails uccess bem po oct, weld, Congress ‘bat ste 
‘been and still is to be in a job re | Ep epeskina of the desirability | nection ~¥~ — 


P & SHOP ‘where my constituents feel I can 
be of most service.” 

RQ FOOO0 MARKETS | Meanwhile, Mr. Whitmore is 
' busy putting final touches on the 
budget, which is expected to be | 
well above the $279,000,000 total | 
submitted by Governor Herter | 
in January. 

This is due to the fact that the 
budget is expected to include a 
salary increase for state employ- 
ees. It is understood the commit- 
tee is planning to propose a grad- 

of wider participation by private| should be spent on atomic ree 
enterprise, Dr. Compton said he| search and how much private 
meant “particularly the field of! participation there should be in it, 

Rates Sun at 42% 

unshine that favored Bos- 

In MDC Land Pins today actually prevailed in 

Damage , Case Boston 42 per cent of the pos- | 

sible time it could have been 
shining during April, James 
| K. MeGuire, section director of 

The Governor’s Executive’ the federal weather bureau of- 
Council today rescinded its pre- 
vious. action in approving a. 
$5,000 land damage payment in | 

fice in Boston said today. 
a Metropolitan District Commis- | 

Of Fight on Dope Sales 

Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 
By Laura Haddock | no sympathy for them. And I say 

With the sentencing today of! to you, Mr. Byrn®, and to you, Foreign Students to View 

‘Melvin Weiner. of Chelsea to a} Mr. Sullivan, that you have really | 
Old N.E. at Sturbridge 

'term of three to four years in| earned the sincere appreciation | 
Women’s Activities 

‘prison for heroin peddling, Judge | of the public. | 
‘Frank E. Smith in Suffolk Su-| District Attorney Byrne took | 
‘perior Court brought to an end/| special occasion to praise the 
‘the court's action in the current work of the police department. 

And this, despite the fact 
that measurable amounts of 
rain fell in Boston on 18 of 

me eee ——— a eee ee 

uated scale’ of increases rather | sion case, after two members of| the 30 days. Other days were (all-out campaign waged since! He said the investigation had re- 

than a flat rate covering all em-/| the MDC disagreed slightly as to; cloudy. ‘January by District Attorney | quired literally night-and-day By Betty Driscoll Mayo 

Ployees. A $180 to $300 increase | how the commission's approval Such conditions reduced the (Garrett H. Byrne to rid the city | work on the part of the police Stef Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 

is reported under consideration. of the award was noted even| percentage of time that the of the narcotics traffic. and the staff of the district attor- Fifty foreign students from the vice-president of the national 

ney’s office, a fact which he felt | International Student Center in! federation, Sedalia, Mo., will be 
the public should be told. |Cambridge will be introduced to | the guest speaker at the dinner 

| 'a typical early New England | Saturday evening, te 
$100,000 Legal Fee 
Reformatory for indeterminate 

community this Saturday, May 2,; be provided by the_Cape Ann 
sentences and two women to the For Helping Alien | 

'when they will. be treated to a Bell Ringers. 
day-long visit at Old Sturbridge; Friday will be:fun night 
Village, - Sturbridge, Mass., on Saturday is to be devoted to the 
per cent, recorded in April of |refromattry at Framingham, also | T 
1901, 'for indeterminate sentences. Into U.S. Upheld 
For the first four months of | The district attorney’s office ob- : 
the year, the percentage of tained convictions in all but one, 4 Jawyer'’s fee of $100,000 for | 
possible sunshine totaled 47 case That was the case of a’niding a former enemy alien to: 

sun was Visible, Mr. McGuire 
pointed out, and the 42 per 
cent of possible sun for the 
month was 14 per cent below 
the average for April, he said. 
The least sunshine in any April 
on record at Boston was 27 

Judge Smith has sent one man 
to state prison for six to eight 
‘years, three for three to four 
years, another three for three to 
fice-year terms, four to Concord 

though the commission had not 
even discussed the case. 

The. disagreement came during 
a s@ssion of the Executive Coun- | 
cil when the commissioners were | 
called in to explain how the 
council had been informed that 
the MDC had approved the pay-| 
| ment at a meeting April 2 when | 
it later was discovered that no 
action had been taken by the 

Aides Praised 

As neophyte chairman of the 
Ways and Means Committee, Mr. 
Whitmore. is quick to recognize 
the importance of the work being | 
done by Charles E. Shepard, 
budget director of the Ways and 
Means Commitee; Joseph Burke, 
secretary to the committee, and 
William H. Bixby, State Budget 


Route 20. business of the convention, with 
Hostesses on the trip will be: Miss Margaret M. Jackson of New 
members of the Interriational Re-, Bedford, president, presiding. A 
lations Committee of the Massa-| double slate: of officers will be 
chusetts Federation of Women’s | presented for the first time: 

If you want to see a pic- 
ture that’s an eye-filling 

treat, come into Stop & Commissioner. | | 
: 0 , ~ Harold E. Steveng of Lexington} Ber. cent against a normal of | woman accused possessing return from Switzerland to the! Clubs, of »which” Mrs. A : Unfinished business” will be 
vena? He pointed out that without | , The : uds, Of “whic rs. Americo! n business 
Shop. Here you'll find} ineir “loyal, intelMgent” service, rae mY Cook of'Roston, meta oe ely agg rag heroin and a Was ay om <4 United States in 1949-was con-| Chaves of Arlington Heights, is} taken up at-thé Sunda sucrning 
enormous selections of his problems as new ways and ers of the commigsion,..were mm, r cent in 1907 | & jury. But, as sne al- firmed as right and proper re- | chairman. session and Lt. Gov. " 
means chairman would be almost | agreement that no ‘ote was taken? Pe : ) ready was on probation, her pro- | The students will travel in pri- Whittier will address members at 
famous-brand foods pos- $ but differed on details of the case.| _ Precipitation in April totaled | bation was revoked and she went |cently by a Master in Chancery | yate cars in order to become ac-| the Sunday luncheon meeting 


“Charlie” Shepard was partic- 
ularly singled out for high 
praise. He is recognized widely 
as a highly important cog in the 
financial operations of the state. 

| 6.04 ee ig rsarype aaa | to jail for four months. 
|» normal, Mr. , 
wT | Campaign te Continue 

oe : ad Asked by the judge whether | 
Council Votes 

in favor of Samuel Nesson, New-/| quainted with their hostesses | 

ton attorney, pw." be is my wr — ates on Beauty Care Expert 
According to findings in the| invite them to their homes. Home |@} ; 

case Walter Weber jo an at-| hospitality has been one of the eet Mints to Waate 

: asp ' |major endeavors of the commit-/ Women should look as attrace 
torney in New Harmony, Ind.,/ tee this year in order-that foreign | tive at night as they do in the 

was deported as an enemy alien! students can become better ac- | d@ytime and do not have to look 

Unearthed in Report 

The land involved is owned by 
| Frances A. and George F. Haley 
and was taken in connection with 
a water tunnel extension in Mal- 
den and Medford. 

ing right alongside price 
tags that are a pleasant 
surprise. For low, money: 
saving prices are the or- 

the investigation into the drug 
traffic would now cease, District 
Attorney Byrne rose to his feet 

think you'll agree that 
Stop & Shop fits into 
YOUR buying picture 

ment of Correction, has been ap- 
pointed second deputy commis- 
sioner of corrction by Reuben L. 
Lurie. commissioner 

Mr. Holt succeeds Richard Hol- 
land, who is retiring today on @ 
disability pension. 

at an April 2 meeting. Mr. Cur- 
tis has been absent because of 
illness ever since the April 9 
meeting at which the error was 
discovered in a reading of the 

Mr. Stevens told the council he 

| After brief debate the Execu- | 

‘tive Council today 

ver as chairman of the Metro- 

‘Governor Herter’s appointment 
of Charles W. Greenough of Do- 


lowed free rein in its attempt to 
destroy the youth of this coun- 

Judge Smith, after the last case 
had been disposed of, said: “I 
don’t think I am exceeding the 
bounds of judicial procedure 

to the United States. 

Woman's Club is planning a pic- 

He agreed, according to Mr.| nic lunch for the group, and the 
Nesson, to pay $25,000 on the day | International Relations Commit- 
the two landed in New York, and | tee of the Rotary Club of South- 
$75,000 within 24 hours there-/ bridge is entertaining the stu- 

Nesson made out an irrevocable 

| after. To cover himself, Attorney dents at dinner at Lincoln House. 

Mrs. Chaves is heading . the 

der of the day EVERY . aes | Nelson Curtis, long-time sec- ° in court and said: “I can assure . 0 9 
day. As a woman who |/Uric Appoints Holt veiary ot ine MDC, signed “the| A OUNEMENE | the court it will continue, ‘This | during World War IL. Ip Octobe,| tssinted with American family | i54 Saray. elmo: Laat es 
y- Deputy Commissioner !etter to the council transmitting | campaign will never cease while | 1949, he met Attorney Nesson in | “tC. cialist. in besuty’ Care, whose 
wants to make her every the case to the council and in- | C 'I have anything to say about it.| Zurich, Switzerland, and retained} At Old Sturbridge, the wrustess 4 my in 
M A Perry Holt, Jr., of Newton, a forming the council that the. Of reenou h It will always carry on and never | the latter to obtain him an immi-| Ute ens Se ee Sorat 
food dollar do more, we | career man in the State Depart- anc had approved the payment £ again will the drug traffic be al-| 8ration visa so he could return/ mission free. The Southbridge | Bon- 
; | | , 

Py Se iatak Watine ioniamnk considered the discrepancy “ap- politan District Commission, @ Wien 1 say that I think Suffolk rohes of a Pht oe a ey tea eae ben, 

and Executive Council. The post parently an oversight” and said 715, 000-a-year pasion, ' County is to be congratulated on ~ oy Court M Webe - ed t r ter. t n f th t ‘te ss 
STOP ‘ SHOP pays $5,880 a year: he caught the item as Mr. Cook{ A Republican councilor, M. | having in the district attorney’s sty Th peas "ae setecninn ntl enetias . 5% e ted- 
SUPER MARKETS Mr. Holt has served as a social @@d the minutes of the April 2)Edward Viola of Arlington, | Office someone with Mr. Byrne's Mr * co ny entered a jae Gore 

worker at Charlestown State Meeting. Later Mr. Cook gave his | ent postponmente for an- | ¢™thusiasm and zeal in stamping! 1." nis fee, of which he said he (Quality and Comfort 

out this appalling and loathsome 
crime. I think I can lay claim ta 
a number of years’ experience in 
criminal law, as a district attor- 
/ney and as. a member of this 
court, and in all of my 25-odd 
years I never came in contact 
with such an appalling situation 
as apparently exists in the South 

version of the case to the coun- 
cil, saying that during a reading 
of the mmutes Mr. Stevens had 
remarked that he knew nothing 
about the items for the Haley 
| payments and another land dam- 
_age item for payment of $3,100 to 
ithe Boston and Maine Railroad. 

For Your iplege 

other week of action on the 
Greenough appointment which 
was submitted in his absence: 
last week. However, he was de- 
feated on a 4-to-4 vote, with 3 
‘Republican councilors and the) 
‘only Democratic councilor voting 
for postponement. 

Later the council voted 4-to-3 
to confirm the Greenough ap-. 

Prison, director of classification, 
and as a parole officer. 

had never been paid a cent. At-' 

‘torney William J. McCluskey, In Shoes Stressed | 

court-appointed master, ruled for | Pert and enthusiastic’ Mrs. 

Mr. Nesson. | Eleanor Howard, stylist for Town 
“I find,” he said, “that Weber | & Country shoes, told a group of 

owes Nesson $100,000 and $208.18 | fashion press that women are | 

costs and expenses with interest | looking for comfort and quality 

at 6 per cengfrom Nov, 17, 1949.” in shoes as.more “are fin 

| - themselves living a ‘town a 

country’ life.” She was the guest 

him that “the matter came up|pointment, but not until Mr. Attorneys Praised | THECHRISTIANSCIENCEMONITOR | at a luncheon held im the Direc- | May. meeting, Hartwell -Farm, 
after the meeting (April 2) and|Greenough’s qualifications for! The judge complimented the | __ An International Daily Newspaper tor’s Room at Filene’s yesterday. | Lincoln, 12:30 p.m. a ates 
it had to be done so I put it in.” the job were both questioned | district attorney on his energy Ee: NDED 1908 BY ¥ = a Multicolored raffias, all. leather Somerville Pannati> Statin 

lined, natural color _— em 
numerous designs, ny 

mesh pumps, and. fashion-wise 
wedge shoes were shown. It was 

and supported vigorously. 

At today’s meeting Governor 
Herter appointed illiam R.| 
Freitas, former New Bedford city | 

Earlier Mr. Stevens had pointed 
out that the MDC has a rule that | 
land damage actions must be in- 
stituted within two years and 

Annual luncheon meeting, Unie 
tarian Hall, 1 p.m. ee 

and the assistant district attor- 

ney, Edward M. Sullivan, on his | Entered as second class matter at the 

able presentation of the cases, | Powe Office at Boston, Massachusetts 
“It is refreshing,” Judge Smith | 

that the time on the Haley case |treasurer, as chairman of the) said, “to find law-enforcement). Paystle : to 8 inted out that all kids now and 
would have expired April 3. ‘State Appellate Tax Court, 4! officers who dare to attack and ry ty in 7h single copies to fall will be sporting more. 
67 THe ESL ah Ie Se ttn a ee em | and 
voices for payment of the awards | e Governor also nominated | offenses as these. I have never Re 
| were cone made out he Bee | oe soe B. rpg be! Boston | sa with a group that appeared ‘ thrournout ine world, and is obtainable Bay State Ba&PW 
| the situation was not normal in an inchester obstetrician, as|to me to be such vicious le seve 
TRAINS | that the commission was recorded |state commissioner of public| as these drug peddlers. hove United A of Rematitans, Stations two Te Hold Convention 
|as voting on something it had not health. He succeeds Dr. Viado ounces and } cons additional 2 | : Federation 
A DAY— voted upon.” | A, Getting, whose bid for a dis- | __. . SS See ee Pan- |Of Business and i 
He added, “I am waiting for ability pension was denied yes- Weather Predictions American countries: 1 for each |-Womien’s Clubs will hold its 32d 
| Curtis to feel better so that I can‘terday by the State Board of Re- annual ‘at the 
INCLUDING ‘inquire into his putting some-|tirement. 50 1, S. epee Sureee 
thing into the records we didn’t; Mr. Rreitas replaces Daniel W. Cloudy Tonight 
A | | | do,” eee ar of Recreate See term poston and Vicinity: Cloudy te- 
exp on March 1 but who no-. _. r 7 : 
g | Almanac for New England _| tified the Governor he did mt Daag Mie i Rian nae seh mney B, 
NEW YORK i | The first American almanac! Wish reappointment. ‘cooler Friday with cconeiouna 
, : | was “An Almanak for the Year of | rain likely’ Increasing east 
> , New England” by William Beizen, 10Cas rogram Mm R 
printed in 1636 at Cambridge, | roy ° ) assac 5 | 
| ( hri Rhode Island: Cloudy tonight and | take 
PHILADELPHIA AND ~— — | Of Consatinn Science mo pe es — Cloudy ; ae _—_ Fine pe 4 
ence program | and cooler with occasional re rae ee See ay 
WASHINGTON TRAINS AMBASSADORS |e eer RE SS, ere: | rain ely, | ——— ee.) ee 
Ww na sf pie Pog <n, SS ae - Sa 
| HELP NEEDY ally by the CBS radio network Mtn pnw Bam Aes so cool e r , rate oa 
A lot of folks couldn't STOP AT next Sunday, May 3, at 10 a.m.} tonight dy and cooler Friday ver Nata aie 
wait for us to finish the FRIENDS ABROAD (°*:: with occasional rain Ukely by late : fees ‘3 
The program, to be heard over | in the day. : i" Bete > eee 
To date fifteen million CARE | ‘h¢,,Columbia ‘Church of the) Maine: Fair and little cooler ie TAX 
: Air,” will originate over Sta-/| north eS me Fh 
packages have been sent over- north portion tonight. Sale nie 
. | tion WCAU, Philadelphia. The and little hte ah ats 
seas by Americans. Each one of | speaker will be Bruce Ludgate, | temperature Friday Peale. ws ~~ 
packages is a person-to- |Jr., and the soloist will be Rose! along the coast. Sorta | . 
ambassador of h and ° | Eastport to Block ert hae ry i ‘ 
0 2 New England sta erate east to sou = ager rip =" pyr 
It is impossible to live in the eo SEs oS Des ae | 
| United States and know what a RATS . SAME Sera i ae 
simple and inadequate diet most are 5 | raked 
Exropeans and Asiatice live oa, ening: pica 
- a2 
- ~ f ‘ , 
feet. i. be ey Se 
‘Sun Sets 5 aeogmpets 
. : TE ee Ine ORS OAS a 5 Aa 
: WS ae eh 4) Rte eet otk bin a 2 
| ; Rate Rhea rat ue mewn eS 
pl ees gs fe: a ; ee : Rete A Ba ARTS Ret ee 
ie Mae ee 2 eee Y Se ea ee 4. ANP Mes: | Sop py Seats eae ke ea , ‘ ONT WE ee ORE OTT Be Pe og Se oe ant ote ER. PRS Ee) Ye 
Dt atk. Re ee “a gm Soh Pa ; Tie yeh gg : fe 4 ee ee. ¥ pa hs Sih ana an got De te nds Suey GPE Coe Ae Pr ee am seh ing ae Fei oN Vh Re af . 
i bs i - Ta) ¢. Ie as ‘ : oon aed . as A ree Py eat ee et ei 4 : is. a 1 hime Sir oes be ae ; ; 

ChGRERPOL EL Red TEd pee; 

+ peede re geaget reser’ 





; Study ins Contrasts 

Mexico University Glitters, 
Lags in Educational Program 

Special Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 

By Marion Wilhelm 

Mexico City 

“In any institution of learning,” says the rector of Mexico’s four-century-old national uni- 
versity, “of first importance are the men who teach. Next in importance is the equipment for 
learning—foremost the books,’ Lastly the house.” 

The University of Mexico—long crowded. into ahtique buildings in downtown Mexico 
City—now finds itself in the position of having one of the finest houses in the western 

hemisphere. The spectacular new $20- million dollar “University City” 

nearing completion | 

on Mexico City’s outskirts is undeniably one of the world’s most impressive university cam-_ 


But the educational program of the 401 year old Universidad Nacional 

Mexico is still unbelievably antiquated. | | : 
Earnest, young Dr. Nabor Carrillo, the driving new rector of the University of Mexico, 

is not content with “stones alone.” 
“Mexico has invested millions of dollars in the stones of our new ‘U niv ersity City,’” Dr. 

Carrillo explains.. “Now we 
must invest in the men who 
teach our students.” 

Long Handicapped 

Long handicapped by lack of 
adequate funds, the 401 year old 
Universidad Naciona] Autonoma 
de Mexico still operates witb a 

part time professional staff and - 

its close to 30,000 students study 
without the benefit of individual 

Part time professors, who earn 
less than $25 monthly per course, 
frequently fail to appear for lec- 
tures — sometimes days at a 
stretch — under the press of their 
more lucrative regular business. 
Without texts, students get along 
as best they can with notes con- 
densed by their teachers from the 
few existing books. 

This situation acccunts, in part, 
for the fact that almost half of 
the student body fail to pass their 
final e®aminations. 

In its present antiquated head- 
quarters, the’ Mexican university 
has been siruggling along on a 
shoestring budget of $1,750,000 
dollars a year, running into an 
annual deficit. When the univer- 
sity moves to its new ultra- 
modern campus sometime within 
the next two years, Dr. Carrillo 
estimates that minimum opera- 
tion will require at least $7-mil- 
lion dollars a year. 

To get the money to attract a 
farger number of full-time pro- 
fessors (now fewer than 10 per 
cent of the university staff), and 
enough textbooks to service ade- 
quately the 30,000 students, Dr. 
Carrillo must look principally to 
congress. Although he appears 
hopeful that the congressional ap- 
propriation will ultimately” be 
substantially augmented, the uni- 
Versity budget will doubtless 
continue to suffer from the com- 
petition of Mexico’s still unde- 
veloped, primary and secondary 
school program. 

Space Problem 

Many Mexican children are 
still unable to find - classroom 
space in the grade and high 
schools, despite a constitutional 
provision of compulsory educa- 
tion through the sixth grade. 
While Mexico has substantially 
stepped up its schoo! building 
program in the last few years, 
there are those who believe that 

the millions invested in the new 

“University City” with its- fancy 
muralized buildings might better 
have gone for the country’s 
primary and secondary education. 

But Dr. Carrillo is hopeful that 
Mexico can now finish the job of 
modernizing its largest institu- 
tion of higher learning. He has 
assigned a group of experts to 

Autonoma de 

ee ———— —— 

study the academic needs of 
every university department, and 
expects that their findings will 
convince the Mexican congress to 
boost the university’s budgetary 

Although the average uni- 
versity student in Mexico is dras- 
tically limited as to financial 
means — the average annual tuil- 
tion is only 200 pesos (about $22 
dollars) ——- Dr. Carrillo is study- 
ing the possibilities of including 
a small fee in their tuition to help 
provide for a textbook loan sys- 
tem. The university may be able 
some day, he hopes, to accumu- 
late a complete stock of texts for 
loan to students. 

The elaborate sports facilities 
of the new University City, rang- 
ing from a 110-thousand seat sta- 
dium to a dozen fronton courts 
(jai alai), are expected to provide 
another new source of income. 

Of primary concern to Dr. Car- 
rillo is the need for books, The 
first step, pending a full scale 
textbook loan program, is to aug- 
ment the university reference 
libraries. His plan is to encour- 
age Mexican educators to turn 
out more books on their own. 

“We want to have good—and 
cheap—basic books,” the rector 
said, “It is desirable to have ref- 
erence books from abroad. But 
those with application to our own 
country. and its progress and 
needs should be the product of 
our own specialists.” 

Library Needs 

Experts from the Rockefeller 
Foundation and the United States 
Library of Congress have stepped 
in to help analyze the library 
needs of the university, 

The effort to provide a larger 
staff of full time professors is 
still more problematical. The 
upiversitys present part-time 
faculty, which includes numerous 
outstanding natural science, busi- 
ness and cultural leaders, is paid 
principally in prestige. 

But prestige is poor bargaining 
power for university administra- 
tors, There is little recourse when 
a government engineer lecturer 
goes off to Chiapas on an engi- 
neering projéct, leaving his stu- 
dents without a lecturer for days 
on end, or the press of legal 
cases borrows the law professor 
from his classroom. 

The chronic absence of pro- 
fessors from the classroom, under 
the demands of their higher pay- 
ing outside professions, is now 
further complicated by the loca- 
tion of the new university cam- 
pus. The present university head- 
quarters in downtown Mexico 

City is readily accessible. But, 
when the university moves out to 
its new home on the southern 
outskirts of the capital, teachers 
will have a 10-mile jaunt to their 
classes and, as Dr. Carrillo points 
out, “they can’t even afford to 
take a taxi on présent salaries.” 

While the new university rec- 
tor is cognizant of the need to/| 
greatly augment the university's 
full-time professional staff, he | 
also sees the benefits of retaining 
other professors on a part-time | 
basis. ) 
“We must continue to draw 
upon the talents and knowledge 
of Mexico’s foremost business and 
cultural leaders,” he said, “The 
architect who is not building 
can’t teach others how to build.” 

But in fields such as netural | 
science, Dr. Carrillo’s ewn forte, | 
the rector is convinced of the 
need for a full-time staff of 

Duplication Faced 

Dr, Carrillo is further faced by 
a hodge podge of duplication 
in the university curriculum. | 
Mathematics courses, for exam- | 
ple, are still being taught as'| 
separate classes in the schools. 
of engineering, natural science, 
chemistry, and architecture. 

_lf anybody can find a solution 
to the Univ ersity of Mexico's 
long standing problems, the ener- 
getic, hard driving Dr. Carrillo 
seems to be the man to do it. . 

A specialist in mathematics, the 
new rector earned his bachelor’s 
degree in civil engineering in| 
1939. In 1940 he left a post with 
the Mexican government to ac- 
cept a Guggenheim fellowship for 
study at Harvard, where he re- 
ceived his Master of Science de- 
free in 1941. A year later he had 
a Doctor of Science degree from 
Harvard—an achievement which 
attests to his characteristic 
speedy and intense approach to 
any goal. 

Dr. Carrillo gained recognition 
throughout Latin America for his 
developmen@@f scientific research 
at the University of Mexico. For 
the last eight years he has been 
director of that department for 
his country’s university and is 
Latin-American coordinator of 
scientific research for the Union 
of Universities of Latin America. 

Characteristically a man in a 
hurry, the yor educator i 
now, however, determined to give 
lonz and careful thought to his 
newest challenge—the paradox 
of Latin America’s most beauti- 
fully housed, but financially 
poorest, institution of higher 


Mexico City Press Service 

Along the Road Near Juajuapan de Leon in Mexico 

a a ae. lle Oe Oe Oe  —_ i. | 

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Dulles Forecasts Shift of U.S. Arms to Indo-China{ 

By Neal Stanford programs on a long- 
ton and one epoug ae to <9 
Stag Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor Pe 
Washington | some of the American | v iley Cites Threat in Laos pent Monee e ely. nen na 

That the free world struggle | supplies earmarked for EE ER em. budgets appropria- 

with communism in Europe and | to Indo-China. co But the tes 
COTTON-CRISP Asia is.all part of a single fight; Events in Laos, one of ie SEE SSE eye to.-teawh an — - practi a aan 
has been graphically stressed by three associated states of Indo-| Senator Alexander Wiley (R) o sconsin, rman of agreement with Republican lead- 

Secretary of State John Foster China, have become so serious, Senate Ae fom yeh Relations Committee, says the recent invasion of | 4°. jn, Congress that in this case’ 

GLAZED CHAMBRAY Dulles told the Senate the kingdom of Laos is “sa serious cruption on the world |, three-year program could be 

Dulles. ' " 
Even as he was giving the Foreign Relations Committee perimeter. allowed. It is expected to assure 
| can peopl lowing radio | hours before going on the air He reports that ‘Secretary of State John Foster Dulles in a the Allies that the programs will 
i ep Soe Seen chambeay gees alee of the whet North At- with his NATO report, that it private session with the committee, said the invasion has “cre- be carried out br as planned, 
washes beautifully, stays Ever- lantic Treaty Organization coun- | may be necessary a second time ated a serious new problem which disturbs all peace-loving there should be some sav- 
glazed! The scalloped skirt build-up in Europe, Mr. Dulles | from Europe to Asia to meet the Viet Minh invaders have just captured the post of Banvam- At present, the NATO powers 
and his aides were involved in crisis: The first such diversion bac, 40 miles north of the Laotian royal seat of Luang Prabang. have some 75 divisions in being 

to shift | occurred in the case of Korea. “The whole matter of shifting more aid to Indo-China is hav- 50 in Europe (25 supposedly in 

surprised with a panel of cone planning 

, ing serious consideration,” Senator Wiley said. 
white pique pleats . . . the | Officials Concerned He added that Mr. Dulles told the senators that both the Siate | Dattle readiness and. a Cikes tests 
k and sleeves iced | Bui D Wid! J __ Mr. Dulles’s words indicate that and Defense Departments are working on the problem. There [15 southern flank members of 
ae Se Rains peters the-greater present threat to free have been authoritative reports that the United States already | NATO—Greece and Tusk 
with snowy pique, too! } 55 Wes! tins ot. » Seite oe fue York 38 |) aot he ny rons Mee be. me es pee es money to be spent on artillery, tanks, Such forces, Seek al tae “Bulles Fifth Avenue 
2 a8 ° vt raft for the defenders. contends, while short 
, brown or blue. Sizes get priority despite the more China, Senator’ Wiley told reporters, “is a spearhead 
sg 20. Al ay og > ogy formid vag beens New fee. green the free world cannot afford to lose.” ed an rey feet ig Hn ensive, are to CARD saga c. 
to <u. Also at . }| that have been worked out in Bie) » @ | visibly increase their military || Empire Stete Bldg. ; 
: ro , Ww. Street LA 4-6720 
Garden City. Emagen Ran net ml rom It, is no secret that American | orities to NATO programing. The | er, more effective NATO force is ron oy Be he ig Frye tact 4 le 14 34th 
rT v f Ey at un- \\ Officials are concerned over the | Secretary of State’s report on the | the question of German partici- great importance,” he said. “It “lt it's @ Greeting Card 
8.98 believably ote poe td visit threat to all southeast ree 08 os meeting or > — that | en = a ee . = means that we would probably We Heve it” 
ilitarily and chologically— | Washington expects to get more | fense plans. Mr. es made 
: N Pp | t a mowresm. | by thie. Commbeniel on into | security for less cost in Europe clear that as far as the United ne gall. ar dagye Bette Be oo: | 
COTTON SHO , , Mosber will really cherish our | Laos And informed quarters in}by what it calls its new policy | States is concerned, it not only} jo, jn Europe and elsewhere 
SECOND FLOOR ARCADE 14 French, German & Italien Compects ||| the capital are convinced the ad- | toward NATO. powers Fetes Bem yon that. the six] which might in fact deter the ac. (UW Savings Bonds 
| t epa to rus lity Stressed pean reserv Geed Investment 
Noomeal - a sou 7s sizable help—short of RARPOWSS He ager Jee be done by im- | Defense Community approved — = tere A 
Mail or phone — call Joan Taylor—TR. 5-3100 Desanates Chine trom Abrood 7 ~ } ohena ree France, proving quality and foregoing | = oe Be ees ee ———— 
pentes Dresden Figurines & Ceramics I Ror os aid to Asia Aeie® sesiaat ange Ei hgpee: Bente mar on their reluctance to sign an EDC ; 
beautifully wrapped rope—a ’ -. | treat t it “tried - 
Seve for the F uture—BUY SAVINGS BONDS. homer & the occasiom. j~4 “tarectte vanes pond mw = ber Rogers tien to be big tiencs but has not broken it.” wt B. ALTMAN & CO. 
— The way he ‘intends to get New Point in Cooperation fifth evenue ot 34th street, new york 16, N. Y, 
quality, he made apparent, is'to| The contracts the United States 

stress modern weapons—inciud- | signed this t week in 
ing air power and tactical atomic | which would put the jet-plane | a 
artillery. "program and, intveiwachans (the | 
The administration has dis- | airfield program) on a three-year | 
closed four ways it expects to basis constitute something new in| 
make NATO a tougher fighting | Allied cooperation. 
force, but at less cost and size: | This is,actually an American | 
l. It is going to stress air | concession to the Allies to. get 
build-up of the latest jet fighters. ——— 
It signed in Paris a three-year 
agreement with Britain and 
France to underwrite more than . 

— the cost of a half-billion- / t into 
dollar jet construction program | 

4 oe Hawker Hunters and s sf t 
/Frenc ystere IVs, p 
: 2. It is going to dot ie | comirofrt... 
central, and sou urope with | ; 
airfields, radar equipment, and | step out in 
so on, under a three-year build- | t 

ing program signed with the | style 

other NATO powers that will 
provide the support for this mod- 
ern tactical air force. 
‘Modern Weapons’ Due 
3. It is going to train and |, : 
equip NATO ground troops in the '% OT stunningly styled new 
use of “modern weapons”—a eu- | 

phoneous phrase for atomic arms | 
—that will markedly step up 
their fire power and destructive 

force. Security will be attained = ” 



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representatives of the UN when 
necessary to “safeguard its secu- 
rity.” | 
Mrs. Myrdal, wife of Swedish 
economist Gunnar Myrdal, head 
of the UN Eeonomic Commission ° 
for Europe and author of a con- 
troversial work on the American 
Negro problem entitled “An 

Parole agreement, it has been dis- 
| closed. 
They said they “had some rea- | 
son to look into certain matters” 
concerning the entry of Mrs. 
|Alva Myrdal, eminent Swedish 
sociologist and director of the so- 

tariat , 

° cial science department of the UN | 
| Hafan Bove ae | Educational, Scientific and Cul- je. Plenty Sizes 19 te 25 
| scheduling a private luncheon | f3! Organization in Paris. Toll Sizes 10 to 20 
with Soviet Deputy Foreign Min- | Chubby Gig Sizes 8% 10 14% 
ister Andrei Y. Vishinsky for | Chubby ‘Teen Sizes 10% to 16% 

April 30. Mr. Lie and Mr. Vishin- | 
, Mother to-be “expondobie” sizes 

sk : 
u 9 te 17, 10 te 42 

Mr. Hammarskjold and Mr. Vish- | _* 
ol _} Migration Department. 
insky would talk about a replace- | She had arrived March 19 at 

ment for Constantin E. Zin-| , ’ 

chenko, a Soviet citizen ‘who has | Sod to then thsi yt Pom 

been absent nearly a year from | «iste in Bern. Switzerland 

his post as aSsistant secretary~ |, rh. United States and the UN 

ween y Mego of Security ‘currently are disputing a clause 
ounchi allairs. in the UN headquarters agree- 

Mr. Hammarskjold made it. 
clear to an 11-nation committee | ™€"t concerning whether Amer- 

on administrative questions that | ‘©*_™#y >ar entry to accredited | 

he ‘is moving slowly on decisions | | 
= Rogers he 

affecting his 3,000-man staff. He 
tained here by Mr. Lie, and he) 
4 Charge purchases made today 

By the Associated Presse 

United Nations, N.Y. 
Secretary-General Dag Ham- | 
marskjold has shelved the | 
time being Trygve Lie’s cherished | 
‘plan to streamline the UN Secre- 

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-- - - ina?=-10\* a) 30) 
mentee | Can Chiang Free China?-10 lan Shelved toR UNS tariat 
— J! — East German Bid _|F ian Shelved to hevamp ecre 
° | For Arms Pushed | 
smerces [Formosa Emphasis Put | °c. 
ore ° | Ww Ulbrich go 
; alter Ibricht, y 
on On Aid to West Defense’ wnitt retin raster. 
shirt many and Communist Party 
Mr. Robertson, who has covered China since Japan’s sur- | Secretary, has declared that the 
, , rticle | ereation of East German armed 
e render, takes a new look at Formosa in a series of 10 articles ‘ nnd beam 
appearing Tuesdays and Thursdays of which this is the last. ee re become # ma o 
By Frank Rebertsen In a statement published by 
Special Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor the East German news agency 
Hong Keng | lack realism, in light of the cur-| ADN, April 30, Herr Ulbricht 
=| A survey of the Chinese Na-|rent world situation, if undue; sald the reasons were West 
tionalists and Formosa today will}stress is laid upon the contro-| Germany's ratification of the 
versies that still swirl around the “semeral war treaties”—Com- 
figure of Generalissimo Chiang| munist name for the Bonn 
'Kai- intang it-| treaties with the West—and the 
Kai-shek and the Kuomintang 
| self. | —— emer of West 
| The popular tendency to think | a — Ulb stabi chetaenilla: 
: ‘of the Natiorfalists in terms of | toned fo mart the May Dae 
of fashion black or white persists; a great Sesteglihen tate thé Geek an Ole 
“7 1** \ I) deal of such thinking is wholly subbfect. ahnee the start of td 
Subjective. _ Seviet peace moves following 
+ On the question of party re-| Stalin’s passing. 
form, for example, it is contended | s 
.on one side that the Kuomintang | 
_has indeed -cleaned house. This | ture, traditions, and national | so faryhas kept all the staff main- 
‘inevitably brings the hot re- | characteristics, is being repeated 
_joinder that the corrosive influ-| on Formosa. told the committee he is not “pre- | © 
ence of clique politics is as real | Such a course not only re- | pared in the immediate future to. will not be billed until June. 
today as ever it was. Arguments sults in wastefu! expenditure of proceed with the present: pro- New accounts cordially invited. 
about the capabilities of the Na- | American-aid funds, it also | posals or to make new ones.” 
_tionalist armed forces or Presi- | causes resentment among the The main proposal in the Lie 
dent Chiang’s popularity on the | Chinese that inevitably hampers | Plan for revamping the Secre- 
mainland are just as extreme. | progress. ‘tariat was to combine the posi+ 
The danger is that this welter| jt is recognized here that a| #ons of eight assistant secre- 
of partisan disputation often | proper appreciation of the work- taries - general, drawing about 
| clouds proper appreciation of the | ings of Kuomintang politics is | 522,000 annually, into three new 
/real jssue—the tremendous stra-/ necessary and important to | 2°¢ higher-paid executives. 
tegic importance of Formosa iM | American policy makers |. Mr, Hammarskjold also turned 
the free world’s fight against com-| The Kuomintang has come a | ‘2U™M>s down on a proposal by 
munism in Asia. ‘long -way from the chaos of Mr. Lie that the Assembly dis- 
| Certainly clique politics re-| 1949 and 1950. and much of. qualify members of the advisory 
mains a disruptive force within | what it has accomplished eee committee on administrative and 
the Kuomintang; it was the direct | done by itself budgetary questions from sitting 
cause of Gov. K. C. Wu's recent . | as members of the Assembly's 60- 
‘bitter decision to resign. (The . pemegemm RAO RY ms nation budgetary committee. 
Generalissimo refused to accept | n the other hand, nobody : ‘ , 
‘the resignation of this able and | here believes—official statements UN Aide’s Visa Hit 
‘honest administrator. Instead,| to the contrary—that an in-| 
Governor Wu was sent to the) Vvasion of the mainland is possi | By the United Press 
mountains for a month’s rest.) | ble for a long time to come. United Nations, N.Y. 
es | But patently the Nationalists; As long as the cold war con-| United States immigration au- 
J (vii 1¢UDL1FOLLAOU YUU AU ASOT HEHE AO ANA focres be written off—and a key / Uinues, the existence of a strong, | thorities held up the entry of a 
E | military base possibly left in| well-balanced, and modernly | high United Nations official re- 
cently and forced her to sign a 

_ jeopardy—just because they have | equipped garrison on Formosa, 

eee AO pag | not changed the pattern of their | bolstered by a working economy, 
internal politics to conform with | will do much more than dis- 

ON PREMISES the concepts of the West. They | courage , 

men 3 never will. The ways of the East | mainland. , 
Repairing .. . Restyling are not those of the West. It will result in greater dis- |‘ 
Call Us for’ Prompt 

Tell your dealer you sew it ie 
The Christian Science Monitor 



‘Mew Rochelle Travel Service, Inc, 

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) 656 North Avenue, New Rochelle, N.Y. | 

aggression from the 

Warning to U.S. — of ir Net mega armed 
Meanwhile, time Is factor of | ‘°TCeS: +t will guarantee a strong 
such moment that many compe- | 0#8¢ for stepped-up guerrilla op- 


erations on the mainland: it 




Courteous Service 
White Piains 6-9400 

tent observers here feel that the 
United States, in its dealings with 
Formosa, should be concerned 
| less with internal politics and 
| social programs. and concentrate 

should draw away from Peking 
the support of a sizable section 
of the important overseas Chi- 
nese population, And it must con- 

‘ ae 

from abroad. Tailor it 
here in our own work- 

rooms. Hi a good choice 



tribute materially to a heighten- EE: 

ing of forale throughout non-| , 
Communist Asia. E always give 
In the event of war, Formosa our custom- 
would assume a new and greater |ers the best treat- 
importance, principally in the |ment. They don’t 
role envisaged by Gen. Douglasideserve any 
MacArthur of an “unsinkable air- |jother, Largest 
craft carrier.” selection of 
Formosa lies only 80 miles from |frames for home 
the Chinese mainland at its near- jand office at low 
est pet nae a and Canton | prices. 
are only about 400 miles away, , 
} the expanding industrial complex Pelatings Restored 
of Hankow 550 miles, and. the | 4 Frames Regilded 
principal north-south railroad is| Tel. BE 32-8205 
500 miles distant from Formosa’s 
| airfields, The military advantages 
of holding such a base in-time of 
| war are obvious. Formosa’s stra- 
_tegic importance is enhanced, in 
the eyes of its American plan- 
ners, because of its position as the 
central segment of an arc of bases 
stretching like a bow from the 


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military bastion, supported by a 
\stable economy, as quickly as | 

These observers point out that 
the cid American mistake of | 
trying to transform Orientals 

und people they can recognize, 





understand, and approve with- 
out proper consideration of cul- 

Kt 5 time 
to store yourgprecious furs! Your 

furs won't be long-lasting unless rtchit 
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tection from Summer heat, moths, F sag remains \ oe done be- 
: : | fore the security of Formosa can 
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, : |}tual Security Agency’s program 
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'pose—which, in some degree, it 
now lacks—and the military-aid 
| program must be improved, both 
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| And above all, the important 
role the Nationalists can and 
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/even though the propaganda they 
,generate or bring down upon 
' themselves will continue to paint 
‘their situation in misleading 
‘white or pessimistic black. 

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Art—Music—Theater ™ (aR CHRISTIAN. 



Symphony Wins Praise on Tour—Color Musical at Twin 

Comparisons to A-Bomb 

Suggested by Reviewers 


By Harold Rogers ) 

Atlanta, Ga. 

Charles Munch, now taking the | 
Boston Symphony Orchestra on) 
its first tinental tour, is 
rapidly gaining the reputation of 

an “atomic” conductor. | 
When the orchestra played in| 
Detroit last week, one critic 
wrote that “a musical A-bomb hit 
Detroit last night—no other words | 
can describe 
tones of the Boston Symphony 
Orchestra under Mr. Munch.” 

“What's that? What's that?” 
Mr. Munch asked when the re- 
view was read to him afterwards. 

“They speak of you as a mu-— 
sical A-bomb, producing mag- 
nificent tones!” it was explained. 

Mr. Munch’s eyes twinkled. “If 
the orchestra and I are an 
A-bomb,” he said, “it is purely a 
bomb of joy and happiness!” 

dee? tee. 

When the Boston Symphony 
gave its first concert in the cap- 
ital of the Peach Tree State, 5,500 
music-lovers swarmed into At- 
lanta’s gigantic Municipal Audi- 
torium. Judging by the enthusi- 
astic reception given the 72-year- 
old orchestra, its reputation has 
long since been established in 
this city. Marvin McDonald, | 
impresario, said that he had sold, 
without any special promotion, 
about 550 seats more than the 
hall normally accommodates. 
Extra seats were added for this 
concert of April 27. 

Prior to the Atlanta appear- 
ance, the first week of the or- 
chestra’s tour included concerts 
in Detroit, Columbus, Dayton, 
Cincinnati, Chattanooga, and 
Knoxville. While only the Dayton 
concert was sold out, George E./, 
Judd, the orchestra’s manager, 
commented on the vastness of the 
western and southern  audi- 
toriums. No single audience thus 
far. he said, could be accommo- 
dated in Symphony Halli, the 
Boston Symphony's home, which 
seats 2,600. 

4 4 

Sharing the podium 
Munch for the tour is Pierre 
Monteux, guest conductor. The 
two maestros generally take turns 
with the concerts, though occa- 
sionally each will take two in 
succession, Their progiams are 
built from a repertoire of about 
25 works. These are mostly stand- 
ard classics from the European 
schools, though some contempo- 
rary works are included. There 
are Honegger’s Symphony for 
String Orchestra and two Ameri- 
ean works—Samuel Barber's 
Overture to “The School for 
scanda!” and Paul Creston’s Sym- 
phony No. 2. 

For the Atlanta concert Mr. 
Munch conducted Handel's Water 
Music Suite, Berlioz’ “Roval Hunt 
and Storm,” Debussy’s “Prelude 
to the Afternoon of a Faun,” and 
the Bi ‘ahms: Firs st Symphony. A 

-_ — ee 

with Mr. 

the magnificent | 

| Mazzeo 

the Dance,” 
phy by Mr. 
holm. Three 
danced by professional students 
This program will 
the auditorium, 
Street, Saturday at 

dren and young people on Fri- 
day evening, May 8, at 8 o'clock, 
and Saturday afternoon, 

| prolonged ovation at the conclu-| 

sion called Mr. Munch back for al 
| half dozen curtain calls. 

Critical opinion along the way 
haa been imbued with high praise. 
_Arthur Darack, music otic of the | 
Cincinnati Enquirer, said that | 

“the Boston Symphony Orchestra 
is a national institution, clai 

it is true, by Boston, but nation 

in the same sense as the New 
York Yankees. It excités pride 
and envy, but after it concludes 
a performance even its rivals are | 
willing to grant it the admiration | 
which comes to the champion. | 

“Over the years the Boston or- ) 
chestra has probably done as) 
much to establish the standards | 
of the possible and desirable in 
orchestral playing as the Yankees | 
have in their own field.” Mr./ 
Darack then went on to say that | 
“the concert which the Boston 
Symphony and its conductor, | 
Charles Munch, gave at Music 
Hall last night brought cheers 
and wonder.” 

| is ie 

Rosario Mazzeo, who serves the 
orchestra in the. double capacity | 
of bass clayinetist and personne! 
manager, relates a noteworthy 
item of human interest. A couple 
' in their sixties came backstage to 
chat with him after the Knoxville 
concert. He said they were most 

' effusive in their praise, that they 

felt the performance was some- 
thing that had been completely 
outside of their musical @€xperi- 
ence. They particularly stressed 
the orchestra’s “vitality and tone” 
—two points, Mr. Mazzeo said, 
that also stand out from other 
comments he has heard. 

Then the couple asked Mr. 
where the orchestra 
would be playing during the next 

| few days. He told them. They got 
in their car and followed the or- 

chestra to Chattanooga and At- 
lanta, hearing its voncerts and 
coming backstage afterwards to 
express their glowing apprecia- 

Spring Dance Festival 
A spring dance festival will be 

offered by the dance department 
of the Boston Conservatory oil 

Music. Three programs will be 

given under the direction of Jan 


The first, “Three Aspects of 
will feature costumes 
Katrine Hooper, settings by 
Cadorette, and choreogra- 
Veen and Ruth Sand- 
ballets will be 

be given in 
31 Hemenway 
2:30 and 8:30. 
second, “Dance Under 
will be given by chil- 


May 9, 
at 2:30. 

—_—»-— — — —_—- — «Se 



RKO KEITHS Memorial 

Rite Hayworth—Stewart Grenger 
| co-starring Cherles Loughton 

| in SALOME 

color by Technicolor 

ASTOR THEATRE. "=rssies* 

>. Aubrey Smith June Dupres 
snntve eo io, nt Se. 2: 



Ma: 3nd P- KEry 
3 Em 

| | Metrepolitan—“House of \ 

Price + Frank Levejoy 
Phyllis Kirk 

in ecoler and 3-D 


Gerden MacRac 



Deris Dar «+ 

plus “BABES 

BOSTON at Kenmore Sa.) 

we 2 Orr 



EVES. 8:70 — MAT. SAT. 2:20 

J. Princis 

Ingrida. and Karina Gutbergs, duo-pianists, 
and Ingus Naruns, cellist, who will play in Jor- 

‘House of Wax’ on Screen 

By John 

“House of Wax” is a three- 

dimensional movie with a one- 
dimensional purpose: To, scare 
the daylights out of the specta- 
tor. That it succeeds is no credit 
to anyone in particular. It is 
showing at the Metropolitan. 

The initial Warner Brothers 
entry in the current 3-D race 
represents a sensational- | 
ism and violence for their own 
sake. The inane screenplay which 
Crane Wilbur has adapted from 
a story by Charlies Belden comes 
off the Warner horror shelf 
where it has reposed since the 
first version, 20 years ago. 

en eee. 

It concerns Prof. Henry Jarrod 
(Vincent Price) who, in 1900, 
runs a New York wax museum in 
partnership with venal Matthew 
Burke _ (Roy Roberts). When 

=) - See” earn 

dan Hall on Saturday evening. The program will 
include works by Frescobaldi and Milhaud. 

; Doris Day, 
: MacRae In 

An air of cheerful pathiiste 
prevails over -a musty sort of 
script in “By the Light of the 
Silvery Moon,” at the Paramount 
and Fenway. 

Involving the same characters 
as “On Moonlight Bay,” this color 
musical seeks sentimental domes- 
tic comedy in such situations as 
the one concerning a respectable 
family man whose children mis- 
ttakenly suspect him of an affair 
with a French actress. Since ev- 
eryone really has a heart of gold, 
the compounded misunderstand- 
ings result in no lasting harm— 
except to the hopes of the young 
hero’s romantic rival. 

+ 4+ +b 
: The familiar pattern includes 
‘Incidents hazily reminiscent of 
‘Booth Tarkington's Penrod sto- 
Ties, which are credited with | 
suggesting the screenplay. In one 
‘hilarious sequence a small boy 


Burke becomes dissatisfied with 
the museum's profits, he sets fire 
to the place to collect the insur- 

sure that Jarrod perished in the peration will carry some of them. 

he thinks, made 

flames. Instead, the professor has 
somehow escaped; but he is left 
in a horribly disfigured condi- 


and he has become a 

homicidal maniac, 
A +h 

It may be argued that “House | 

of Wax” belongs to a tradition 
that is older than Shakespeare 

and newer than Mickey Spillane. use of Polaroid glasses, 

Poe, Stevenson, and Mrs. Shelley 
are among the fairly large num- 
ber who have contributed to the | 


iterature of horror. But films like | 
his find the tradition in its 

utterly demoralized state, marked 
chiefly by the crudest kind of 
mechanical sadism. 

This is a pretty chilling movie 

—and not solely on its own lit- 

_—— -_ —-- 

EE ooo 

Entertainment Timetable 

Music ! 

—_, — Pops. 
fall’ Boston Conservatory Music 
Chorus, 8:30 

Sympbhonr Arthur Fiedler 


Colonial — “Oklahome Ralph 
Phorence Sendra. 8:20. ‘Wed., 



Films in Boston 

Aster—“‘Salome.’ Rita Hayworth, Stew- 
. Charlies Laughton. 10:15, 
5:05, 7:20, 9:40. Selected 
Short Subiects 
Beacon Hill.. “Tonieht 
Pinga. Roberta Peters 
manova 9.45. 12:14, 
10:10 Shorts 11:34 
Center—' ‘San Antone ns 
2 59 4 78 r 57. 
John Wayne, 

We Sing.” 

2 7 
2:03. > 4: 32. 7:01 

Rod Cameron. 
“Trouble Along 

ws anc Shorts 1:30. 3:45. 6:15. 
“The Importence of Being Earn- 
' Michael Redgrave. Joan Green- 
a me Edith Evans. 2:15. 4:40 

y the Light of the 
ris Day Gordon 
9:25 ‘Babes 
Goddard, Gvryosy Rose 

7 55 
‘Battles of Chief 
. Helen Westcott 
8:46 Desert Le- 
2aqg “ww ard Conte 
1-35 (4 

in Beg- 
Paule ette 
, 1225. 4:35. 

A s alt 

ling He vden., 

and Coronets.’ 
Greenwood. 2:52 

Back Litt 
ui Lancgast 



Ce ihe rn 

o j 


Joar 6°25 

inness 25. 
2 5:05 

MaySewer- Come © 


i 10:55. 


ax.” Vincent 
7:20, 9:30 

rice Frank Lovejoy 
10:30, 12°45, 2:55, 5:16, 

ag > a Battle Circus.’ Humpbrey 
Bo une Allyson, 9:30. 12:45, 3:55. 
6°55 “One Girl's Confession.” 
Moore. 11:25 : 

Paramount Bagdad,” Paulette 

Rese Lee. 9:56. 1:16. 
y the Light of the Silvery 
; _ vareen MacRae 

Pictin—* The 49th ‘haan.’ " John Treland. 
Ri) chara Denning. 9:30. 11:55. 2:35, 5:18. 
8: “Man in the Dark.” Edmond 

wo Totter. 3-dimension. 
5 “50. 6:45. 45. 
RKO Boston— ‘Ma and ad Pe Kettle on Va- 

—_—— ——_- 
——-— = 



——" SYMPHONY HALL—CO 6-1492 — 



Arthur Fiedler, Conductor 

Floor Seots, $2.50 
Ist Bolcony, $1.00-$1.50 
Unreserved Seats, 50c 

Phone Reservations CO 6-1492 


“Best Loughs on B’way! Ye mie 
“Constantly Funny” 


BARRYMORE, 47th b : 
Evenings 8:40, Matioces WED. and SAT. 2:40 

Than Ever! ~W 


Sour t. Faciets 

Eves, 8:38 sharp. Mata. 

Telepix—’ Neutral 

Transiax— ‘The 
Baxter, Robert Ryan. 9:30. 12:55, 4: 20, 

Uptewn—*‘Come Back Little Sheba.” 

ALLSTON—C a pitel: 

11:09, 2:39, BROOKLINE—® 

xs. Y 



Cleo LEXINGTON—Lexineton: 

"KING OF HITS!” rs atest 



3 ge Sig to a 2 

RADIO CITT music a 

Lipp aktWan.* en 
win Yomi | sont na 

cation.” Mariorie Main, Percy Kilbride. 

9:40. 12:45, 3:50. 6:55. 8:55. “Smash- 

’" SB0san Patyece. Lee Bowman. 

‘ago Cleo 
. 8:40. Battie 
a Humphrey et. June Ally- 

Bie Sister 

Fiying Skates: Novelty: 
from 10:30 a.m. 

Power: News. Cont. 
midnigt t. 

Blue Gardenia.” Ann 

4:45. Sombrero” 11°12, 2:37, € 02. 

32:35, ‘: 10, 

Shirley Booth, 
‘‘Tropic Zone,” 

5:50, 9:25. 

Films in Suburbs 

GTON—C 5 “Great 
r. Posehn’ Kidd” 
Regent: “I Confess.” 


manjaro.’ “Man Behind the Gun.” 
Cleveland Circle: “Come Back, Little 
Sheba.” ‘Tropic Zone.” 
Coolidge: “Niagara.” ‘Thief of Venice.’ 
Hanceck Village: “Seminole.” “The 
“Pour Feathers.” 
5: 30 7: 
Central: “Come Back, Little Sheba.” 
“Tropic Zone. 
Eliet: “Anna.’ 
University: “A Member of the Wed- 
ding 1:30, 4:46 8:05. ewe of 
the Golden Condor.” 3:30, “on 5 “. 
n My 

Cousin Rachel.” “Redhead ,> Wy. 



Stolen Facc. " 
FR AMINGHAM—C imema: Foon rs 
the Way.” “Stranger in Betwee 

German: “Smell Town Girl.” 

Angies on Murder 
St. George: “I Love Melvin.” “San An- 

“Target Hong 

“The Siooge.” “The 


“The Bad and 
the Beautiful.” “The Hoaxters.”’ 
LDEN — Auditorium: “The Star.” 
“White Corridors.’ 
“Come Back, Little Sheba.’ 

‘ “The Great Hunter.” “Captain 

“Naked Spur.” “Bandits of 
MATTAPAN—Oriental: “Come Back. Lit- 
tle Sheba.” “Tropic Zone.” 
MAYNARD—Fine Arts: “Trouble Along 
The Way.’ 2:38, 5:45. 8:15 
Peoples: “Seminole.” 5:45. 8:15. 
MEDFORD—Felisway: —F 
Capt. Ki ad.’ 
Medford: ‘Mississippi Gambler.” “Gun- 
smoke." ) 
MELROSE—Melrese: ‘The Stooge.” ‘Wild 
Stallion ” 
NEWTON—Paramount: “Come Back. Lit- 
tle Sheba.’ “Tropic Zone.”’ 
QUINCY—Strand “Come Back, Little 
Sheba.” ‘*Tropic Zone.” 
“Seminole. ’ 
SOMERVILLE—Ball Sq.: “The 
Pighter.” “Yellow Sky.” 
Capitel; “Sombrero.” “Thunder 

“Great White Hunter.’ 

‘The Bad and the Beau- 

tain Kidd 
eecle Square: “T 
“Seotland Yard Inspector.” 
“The Quiet 

“The ater.” | 

Gun | 
in the 


WAKEFIELD — Wakefield: 
Man,” 2. 6:30. 9:15. 

"a vane “Sombrero.” “Thiel 
rs) en! 
Embassy: “Come Back, Little Sheba. 
Y HILLS - Commenitr: 

WINCHESTER -— Winchester: “The 
Stoo wiers Breed. ad 
WINTHROP—W areys “High Noon.’ 

9 hs “ae: “Last 



“Anna,” .**Taxi.” 
i. NEWTON — Newten: 

' eral grounds. To loose this sort 

| possibilities; in the present case, 

| being thoroughly 

chestra making music. 

Buri | 

“Naked Spur.” “Blue | 

“Horizon’s West.” | 
“Snows of Kili- | 

he Ste Are 
“Abbott and Costello. Meet | 

behaves as if he were a detec- 
tive in the same desperate plight 
he previously experienced in 
imagination. His friendship with 
Gregory, a turkey intended for 
‘the Thanksgiving table, brings 
on one of those scenes in which 
a soft-hearted father tries to put 
‘his foot down. 

As for the young sweethearts, 
they alternately spoon, croon, 
and squabble in conventional 
style. He has the ridiculous idea 
that it’s a man’s world. With 1920 
around the corner, she thinks 
is an old fuddy-duddy. At 
least these characters can sing 

of denatured sensationalism on a 
society grown weary with mass 
and individual violence is a pub- 
lic disservice which obvious com- 
mercialism only makes more rep- 
rehensible. We have been told 
that Hollywood’s leaders were 
desperate; here apparently is an 
indication of how far this des- 

“House of Wax” is made in 
WarnerColor and uses Warner- | 
Phonic sound, The sound system just 
undoubtedly offers some good 

it merely ad 's feeli 
it merely adds to OS eee OE OF | Doris Day play the parts. The 

-work horrors | 0088 smack of a carefree age. 
| ae 
Everything is a bit overdone, 
as if the director, David Butler, 

were making sure that no gag 
‘should fail through not being no- 

_cidentally, the wax 
are not calculated to induce sleep. | 
The new production requires the 
continue to be a nuisance. J J, 

Japan Film at Telepix 
A film on Japan heads the Tel- Of corny charm. 

epix program beginning Friday. Guam tae fone mag tr ae 
Other short subjects~ feature 

mother. Billy Gray plays their 
Bobby Locke playing golf, Joe youngster with amusing boyish- 
McDoakes learning to dance, | Ness. Mary Wickes and Russell 
North Carolina developing civil 

Armes fit neatly into the roles of 
defense, and Buddy Morrow’s or- tart-tongued servant and disap- 

pointed suitor, respectively. 

The companion _ attraction, 
and Mr, Magoo share the cartoon “Babes in Bagdad,” stars Paulette 
bill, and the prisoner-of-war ex- Goddard and Gypsy Rose Lee in 
change is the main item in the a color tale a la the — 
new sreel, ‘ Nights. . N, 

ticed. Still the picture has a kind | 

| m4 in —— to the Nickel] Plat ay 
'Line, so-called becau a pr 
well,. since Gordon MacRae and | ~ thon 4 


' looking 

8 Railroading Kee 

eeps . 
‘Encyclo pedia’ | Bi Susy 

What's Your Hobby? 
Eighth of 12 Articles 

By Henry J. Sowerby 

Written jor The Christian Seience Moniter 

Star Roles A heavy freight was thunder- | to be an old brakeman’s 

ing up the Old Colony tracks} on the floor, 
from the New Haven yards. As “New York, 
it came abreast of Louis Stearns’s | 
cottage, I saw Mr. Stearns, who. 
was watching it from his porch, 
raise his hand in solemn salute, 
and in reply there came a brisk 
Toot!” from the Diesel- 
electric’s horn. 
I had often heard that informa}, 
“Toot! Toot!” from locomotives 
passing the end of the street, and 
here seemed to be the explana- 

New | 

' tion. | wondered how a retired 

teacher of nature study and. 
“civic biology” came to be on 
such intimate terms with the iron 
horse and its drivers, and turned 
into the porch to find out. 

A gleeful smile played around 
Mr. Stearns’s well-trimmed Van- 
dyke beard. “That was a new en- 
gineer on this route,” he said, 

“but he blew his horn. They all 
get to know me.” 
One of Ten Hebbies 

“Railroads are my hobby—or 
rather one of my ten hobbies,” 
he chuckled with boyish enthu- 
siasm, which showed that living 
alone in retirement is no lone- 
some experience for him. , 

“They’ve been my hobby ever 
since the early "80's when as a 
boy | waved to the engineer on 
the Dummy Line, running the 

ten miles from Rocky River to orces in Shanghai 
Cleveland, with its little agdu\e . #2 

and no tender, only a little fuel| Perfin” stamps (perforated ini- 

under the fireman’s seat. It gave tials of large concerns for idene 
‘tification purposes. There — 

stamps in frames, stamps in ale 
found the bums, stamped enve in bune- 
dies, stamps everyw 

dimes, silver dollars, and wooden 
nickels set out on a board. 

Then came the stamps, Every 
receptacle in the room seemed to 

pective purchaser 
price quoted so lordly that he) 
inquired if the rails were nickel | almost buried a novel little 
plated.” ‘lection of buttons set out on 
I was about to ask how one/|boards, that would have glade . 
turns the railroads into a hobby, dened Charles Dickens. 
and how the railroads seem to | As collection after collection 
know they are his hobby, when | was brought out for review and 
he darted into the house and then returned to its niche, Mr, 
was hurrying upstairs. “Come | Stearns a up a running come 
up,” he called out, “here's. some- ment that sounded like an ene 
thing I want to show you.” ‘cyelopedia turning out its cons« 
Mysterious Little Room _| tents, for his collector’s youthful 
., ness is compounded of an intere 
followed and found myself | ost that is as varied as it is fresh, 
in a mysterious little room that The only hobby I missed was 
bore all the marks of a collector’s | 

hideout. It was full of strange 

frunks, racks, ’ crates, | om horse had been filled in with 

. other tenants, when Mr. 

closets. and dominated by a mas- | having locked up his homemade 
sive sheet-iron structure that safe ang replaced all the exhibe 
looked like a safe. The only evi- | its. said: “Now, come down and 
dence of railroads here seemed see my pook.” 


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President Pledges’ Defense and Aid Cuts Not to Hurt Security 

pean allies will result in the! on European Allies, and a new ing Congress it had been thought | 
achievement of a 30 per ¢ent in- | rule of “maximum feasibility” is|a one-year limitation was neces- 
crease in fighting strength; at less set ich” places greater em-jsary, Now methods have been 
i than previously estimated. phasis on economic strength found to put foreign offshore 

the presidential cam- 6. Offshore rocurement is’ ‘procurement on the more effi- 
paign ign Me. Ejsenhowet promised | stepped up. with vamphasis on air Client three-year basis, 
’ | achieve greater security atjess power. Jet fighter planes to cost, Prior to all this it was esti- 
He How this is to be done is} around $550 million will 

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aid cuts will not imperil | is 
security. It was made by the | Commer ce G ena 

The Christian Science Monitor President himself. 
Washington As the administration laid be- | Divides Support 
By the Associated Press 

Keynote to the most important | fore top congressional leaders 
fiscal decision of the Eisenhower | Plans for its defense and foreign 
administration to date is the | aid budgets, prior to public an- Washington 
pledge that defense and foreign | gg, te by Mr. Eisenhower, President Eisenhower and 
the United States Chamber of. 
Commerce are in accord on 

e broad outlines of the new 
project weré available. 
What is happening is an- “trade, not aid” in foreign poli- 
nouncement of the carefully! oy byt at odds over restrain- 
g- matured plans in the field that) ing the government's treaty- 
4 making power. The following were the high} arrangement has been achieved ministration had slashed. more 
Mr. Eisenhower told dele- | Points of the néw situation: with Britain and France for these than $4 billion from the Defense 
Rayon Faille 
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will determine the nation’s budg- 
gates to the chamber’s annusl”} 1; There will be a drastic eut Danes. substituted for pre- | De rtment budget and about 
front, deep cuffs. Sizes for 

etary program as well as Amer- 
_ica’s posture of defense to oth 
es io meeting April 29 that healthy |i, the Tr Mutual Sees vious short term, one-year ar- ($1.8 billion from the foreign aid 
n the uman Mutua ur ‘i » 
Stnwmationn® thaite “tn the tine yY | rangement. Because one Con ‘budget proposed by former Pres | 
misses and women. 
Coat Shop—Second Floor 

lands. | 
Three out of every five dollars | 
terial foundation of our whole |. '08"@™ Ddudget figure of $7.6/ gress cannot commit a succeed- | ident Truman. 
foreign policy.... We must ‘billions for next year—that: is,|— ; 

by Richard L. dirout 

Staff Correspondent of 

be Mated that Mr. Eisenhower had 
the substance of the new budget, supplied. from Britain and |° rdered economy. cuts totaling 

and of the advance” France, involving British “Hunt-|@bout $6 billion in defense and 
eens statements, er-Hawkers” and French “Mys- foreign aid budgets for the com- 

a Fours.” img 1954 fiscal year. 
Mutual Security Program | A three-year contractural, Informants said the GOP ad- | 


—— os 


cm May 10th 
6\ diem. « 4) $2.75 incl. tex 


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ministrator Harold E. Stassen 
alternated before congressiona! 
committees in ssssions preceding | 
Mr, Eisenhower’s press confer- | 
| ence. 

| Burner Service Plan 

Dulles and Mutual Security Ad- 
ciprocal Trade Agreements Act, | . 
s rs ‘program will be around $5.8 bil- 

tariff reduction, and repeal of | 

“Buy American” legislation, (lions for the Mutual] ew 

saying more trade would make | Program. 

up Europe's dollar deficit in- posed - 

stead of tax dollars. | 3. Of the: pro 5.5 bil 
/lions, about $4 billions will be 

Ld | | tor war material, The balance 

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The President himself an- 
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Secretary of State John Foster | 
in favor of renewal of the Re- 2. The mew tentative budget 
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the government spends goes to 
trade with others or we cannot fiscal 1954. The figure is $6 bil- 
Flower Gifts 

defense-foreign assistance pro- | 
| grams. 
exist.” ‘lions for the current fiscal year 
The chamber declared itself ‘ending June 30. 
of Unexcelled Beauty 
Mother's Day, 

Sunday, May 10th 

gressional leaders at a White 

House’ breakfast April 30, fol- 

lowed immediately by a larger 


House and Senate committees. 

This in turn was followed by a /fense support grants for Western | 
‘final meeting with the National 
'Security Council — the 
conference with chairmen of top | 

called this week. 

‘of $1.8 billions will be for de- 

‘Europe and for development of 

President Eisenhower himself | 

set the keynote at a personal ap- 
pearance at the United States 
Chamber of Commerce annual 

basic economic strength through 
a reduced Point Four program. 
4. The Dulles’ claim of “30 
per cent increase in fighting 
strength” with smaller expendi- 
tures, created some uncertainty. 
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convention here April 29. 

Defense spending is going to be 
cut, Mr. Eisenhower announced, 
;}but “never” below the point 
where the nation will be secure. | 

“Your administration is trying 
to give you the security to which 
you are entitled at the lowest 
possible cost,” he said. 

‘My Country Is Safe’ 
“These costs are going to be 
lowered at the earliest possible 
moment but they are never go- 
ing to be lowered -beyond the 
| point that you can, with justifica- 
‘I shall sleep well to- 

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employment of improved weap- 
ons—including atomic weapons— 
and better reorganization of 
Western European forces. An- 
other is that by abandonins a 
future date of “maximum 
danger” against which temporar- 
ily unbalanced preparations were 
being made, a more coordinated 
immediate defense position of 
combat readiness is secured, even 
though its over-all numerical | 
strength may be reduced. 

5. Recognition is made of the 
economic strain of defense effort | 


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tion, say, 
night because my country, 
system, its liberties, are safe. 
'n the fanfare preliminary to 
the unveiling of the defense | 
budget, Secretary Dulles also 
made a nationwide radio and 
television appearance, 
| His speech was couched in re- 
assuring terms prior to the an- 
nouncement of the reduced de- 
fense estimates. Western Europe 
is no longer a “pushover” for 
' Russia, he said. He argued that 
the new administration policy of 
441 Arch Street gearing military build-up to the 
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The Owl and the Copy-Cat 

THERE Must be an astonishing number of 
owls round about our house; for every eve- 
ning, as soon as dusk has fallen, their hoot- 
ing is almost incessant. Lying in bed and 
listening to them the other night, I was re- 
minded of those stories that thrilled me in 
my boyhood—and probably still would if I 
put them to the test!—in which the hero and 
his companions are beleaguered in their 
stockade by a band of redskins. Not a brave 
can be seen; but the old hands know they 
are there, because there are too many owls 
hooting to be natural! 

It set me wondering: I don’t mean that I 
began to think there were too many owls in 
our garden, and leapt out of bed to knock 
a loophole in the wall. No: it set me won- 
dering how those accomplished braves man- 
aged to imitate the owls so perfectly. It is 
an extremely difficult thing to do with any 
verisimilitude—I know, because I have been 
trying off and on since then to produce a 
convincing hoot: 

Be: ce 

The result has been a flop. If owls are 
hooting when I begin, they merely indulge 
in a few seconds of shocked and reproving 
silence; if they are silent, they simply don’t 
give a hoot for me. And now I have had to 
stop these friendly advances, because An- 
thea; whom I have inveigled once or twice 
into some melodious tu-whoopee, is afraid 
we are shocking more than the owls, and 
acquiring notoriety. I am sorry about it, be- 
cause I have a feeling that, making allow- 
ances for a highly critical audience, I was 
fast reaching the point where any band of 
beleaguering braves would have been glad 
tc have me. 

The audience reaction, however, is a little 
disconcerting when one considers that the 
owl is perhaps the easiest bird to imitate. 
Again I speak from experience; for most 
mornings after breakfast I go into the gar- 
den to feed the birds, and I make it my en- 
deavour to lure them down to the crumbs 
with a little cunningly imitated birdsong. 
A sound idea; but even to my optimistic ear 
there is a certain, shall I say, originality in 
my song. And the birds do not come down. 
They sit around on the trees—and they don’t 
just sit there indifferently either. There is 
tension in the air! They chatter, they rustle, 
they fidget and display all the tricks of a 
thoroughly bored audience—and quite a few 
dv not hesitate to get up and go. But no 
sooner have I done my stuff, and returned 
to the house, than they come down in 

Bf 6 

I cannot be absolutely certain that it is 
my warbling that keeps them away; for 
there is the case of the robin. Hopalong Cas- 
sidy—as he is known to us—may not think 
much of me as a singer, but he doesn’t come 
down for crumbs after I am gone, as I can 
see from the window; and I think he has 
conscientious objections. I imagine him 
bursting out to Mrs. Cassidy: “It’s a scandal 
the way that fellow is trying to pauperize 
the community with his free meals! D’you 
realize the young Tits haven't done a stroke 
of work fer weeks!” 

This is not an entirely unwarrantable 
flight of fancy; for I am not quite without 
evidence on the point. Although Mr. Cas- 
sidy refuses to come down for crumbs, the 
moment I begin to dig in the garden he joins 
me. Of course, you can interpret this as a 
simple dietetic preference for worms over 
crumbs, but I do not believe Cassidy is so 

Ving Lo OND Ny sae aie 

sth he 4 

By Courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum 
: of Art, New York 

EGYPTIAN Cart, c. 500 B.C. 

finicky—I think it is purely a matter of his 
strong belief in the virtue of work. He dis- 
dains ‘charity, but is delighted to become my 
partner in the good honest job of digging for 
a living. Perhaps “partner” is rather over- 
stating it, since I get an impression he re- 
gards me more as temporary unskilled la- 
bor that needs to be kept up to 


But, apart from Cassidy, the birds are 
standoffish with me, and the deduction 
seems to be that they don’t like my accent. 
A humiliating incident occurred only two 
days ago. Early in the morning, Anthea ex- 
citedly dragged me to the door, and pointed 
out an owl perched, with his back to us, 
on a post of our neighbor’s fence, about 
fifty yards away. He had evidently had 
a lean night, and now, hunched up mis- 
anthropically, he was still looking for a 

“Now’s your chance,” whispered Anthea. 

I summoned all my powers, and gave a 
most credible hoot—and he didn’t stir a 

“Well, really!” I exclaimed; and in disgust 
I whistled at him—the sharp shrill whistle 
of the London errand boy attracting your at- 

Then, indeed, the owl, not bothering to 
move his body, turned his head through a 
hundred and eighty degrees, and stared at 
me. And after a moment he screeched: “Tu- 

It was a nearly perfect imitation of my 
whistle; and I can only conclude that ex- 
asperation had driven him at last to give me 
a lesson in the art of mimicry. 

Eric Forses-Boyp 

City Birds 

They have come back with Spring to the 
city rooftop— 

the small birds fat from the south with 
gray soft breasts. 

By the chimney pots with their pointed 
elfish hats, 

chirping with joy théy build their secret 

Watching them teeter, singing, on the roof- 

the kitten chatters her jaws in impotent 

swears deep in her velvet throat at the 

of wings that taunt her, of small heads 
cocked and merry. 


a a 
a a“ oa ~*~ 
Rd we 

By Courtesy of the Midtown Galleries, New York 

“BLACK-EYeD Susans WitH Cat”; A Painting by Waldo Peirce 

Durinc his long career, Waldo Peirce 
has worked in a buoyantly impressionist 
manner. While his contemporaries tend to 
change techniques, he has continued to 
work in his vivacious way, applying bright 
colors in restless strokes of pigment. 

The subjects of his canvases are domestic. 
Mr. Peirce paints his children occupied in 
childish diversions; he portrays his wife; 

he depicts household pets. Sometimes he 

paints his own portrait. All the pictures ex- 

press a joyousness, a relish of home life in 
his native State of Maine. 

Waldo Peirce was born in Bangor, Maine, 
in 1884. It was when he studied in Paris 
that he became interested in Impressionism. 
While he does not work after the manner of 
a specific master, Mr, Peirce preserves the 
airiness, the vibration that characterizes 
Impressionism generally, and he brings 
these qualities to this picture, 

Dorotuy ApLow 

). early 
' would be made at the breakfast table, 

It Is Off With the Banking Boards in Maine 

A GENERATION AGO every Maine farmhouse 
had a winter banking. Sometimes it con- 
sisted of sawdust or turfs heaped against 
the foundation. More frequently it was a 
wood framework constructed of wide 
boards, set at a slanting angle against the 
hcuse and nailed to the lowest clapboards., 

In my childhood home the removal of 
the banking boards was an enjoyable task. 
Not any Gay would do for the chore. The 

day must be a pleasant one following a 
series of four or five fair days in order that 
the boards be dry when they were packed 
away for summer storage. The day should 

i not be a school day because boys were 
' needed to help Father with the longest 

pieces. Some Saturday in late April or 
May the welcome announcement 




The heart rests now, eased instantly 
by the footstep at the door, 
the handle turning, the briefly free 
draft of air across the floor. 

Loneliness the walls held in 

now dissolves or fades away 

and joy leaps up and hearths begin 
to be bright and warm and gay. 

There is no surer pure delight 

than out of any cold and gloam 
having folks come home at night 
unless—it may be—coming home! 


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“Well, boys, I guess we'll take off the bank- 
ing boards this morning.” 

Father. and my brothers followed a regu- 
lar procedure in doing their spring chore. 
They started on the southeast side of the 
house where the sun was warmest and 
worked sunwise to the north side where 
traces of frost still whitened the ground at 
mid-morning. After the nails were carefully 
withdrawn, each section of banking was 
removed and carried to the woodpile at the 
end of the barn, where it was tilted, un- 
painted side toward the sun. Each was in- 
spected for places that needed paintifig or 
mending. One of the boys repenciled the 
markings for each piece of banking had its 
own designation such as “ell” or “parlor 
wall” or “corner bedroom.” The sections 
were left against the woodpile until thor- 
oughly dried, then they were stored on the 
scaffold above the wagon house. “A thrifty 
farmer keeps his bankings well marked, 
well painted and well stored” was the adage 
that Father repeated annually to his sons. 


My parents encouraged their daughter's 
interest in outdoor work. On “banking 
board” morning Grandmother always of- 
fered to do my dishes for me and Mother 
would suggest that the dusting might be 
postponed until afternoon. So I was free to 
join Father and the boys, making a four- 
some of workers in the dooryard. 

My chore was to hold the wooden salt- 
box into which the nails were dropped. As 
each piece of banking was removed, I bent 
forward eagerly to look for some lost 
treasure of the preceding summer. Marbles, 
balls, pennies and pencils were not infre- 
quent finds. One year Father recovered his 
favorite whetstone, lost since haying time. 
My most valuable find was my aunt’s gar- 
net pin that had wintered under the banking 
with no loss of luster. There were others 
on the lookout for treasure. Don, our dog, 
nuzzled the dirt in search of buried bonés 
while the tiger kitten sniffed hungrily for 

Before we had reached the north side of 
the house Mother and Grandmother were 
sure to come outdoors for they also were 
interested in what was under the banking. 
Long flower beds ran along three sides of 
the house. There the perennials and bulbs 
appeared early for they had the heat from 

the foundation stones and the protection of 
the banking boards. But because they had 
had no sun they were always pale and 
spindling, defects that a few days of sun- 
shine would remedy. Mother and Grand- 
mother were delighted with the first 
glimpses of their plants, yellowed though 
they were. Exclamations of pleasure were 
interspersed with reminiscences of last 
August’s foxgloves and hollyhocks. 

Ss §f.*s 

When the last board was being carried 
away to the woodpile Mother would call to 
Father, “A chore well done demands a treat. 
You fix places for us to sit in the sun and 
I'll see what there is in the kitchen.” 

The boys placed chopping blocks as steady 
seats for our elders while we children 
teetered on a banking board balanced on 
two stacks of wood. Mother’s treat was al- 
ways a surprise, a fresh gingerbread, new 
doughnuts or perhaps a fruit cake saved for 
this special occasion. On the tray there were 
also glasses of milk and saucers of milk for 
Don and Tiger. As we finished eating some- 
one usually exclaimed, “Well, spring is 
surely here now that the banking boards 
are off.” | 

EstTHer Woor 

“On guard 




AT THE command, “On guard!” the 

fencer instantly becomes flexibly poised, 

ready to’ defend and attack and to ‘try 
to score the. necessary touches required 
to win a bout. Not only does he try to 

win by attack, but he is also alert to the . 

advantage to be gained when by parry 
and riposte he wards off his opponent's 

“Gntended thrust and makes a return 

thrust, thereby turning the attack to his 
own account. ; 

. The earnest student of Christian Sci- 
ence, always ready to vanquish evil be- 
liefs with the invincible Christ, Truth, is 
alert to take advantage of every seeming 
attack upon himself and joyously turn it 
to his own good. He realizes that spir- 
itual growth and increased understand- 
ing are the prizes to be gained in win- 

ning his, contest with false, mesmeric | 

suggestions that would vaunt a power 
other than God, good. Armed with the 
truth concerning God and man made in 
His image and likeness, the Christian 
Scientist quickly discerns anything that 
would challenge his well-being as God's 
expression—his harmony, health, secur- 
ity, or peace. He not only learns how to 
defend himself in any conflict with evil, 
but also finds himself becoming less vul- 
nerable with each such encounter. _ | 
On page 368 of “Science and Health 
with Key to the Scriptures” Mary Baker 
Eddy, the Discoverer and Founder of 
Christian Science, states: “The confi- 

dence inspired by Science lies in the. 

fact that Truth is real and error is un- 

real. Error is a coward before Truth.” 
It was with unwavering assurance that 

the great Teacher, Christ Jesus, : ap- 

proached every human problem which . 

confronted him. Ever loyal to the Father, 
he alertly, resolutely, and compassion- 
ately recognized the unreality of every 
phase of evil. Discerning the perfect man 

—God’s image and likeness—he healed . 

the diseased, the crippled, the blind, the 
sinning, and raised the dead to life.. 
Is it any wonder that when our Mas- 

ter was at the close of his earthly mijn- 
istry he could say to his disciples (John 

16:33), “Be of good cheer; I have over- 
come the world”? Christ Jesus made 
this triumphant declaration before sub- 
mitting to arrest by the Roman soldiers 
on the night of his betrayal in the gar- 
den of Gethsemane.. His matchless un- 
derstanding that God, good, is the only 

reality enabled him to overcome all evi- » 

dence to the contrary—as demonstrated 
by his sublime resurrection. ; 
Students of Christian Science, whe c- 
cept Christ Jesus as their Way-shower, 
are grateful for the serenity, confidence, 
wisdom, health, and happiness that are 
the natural results of their studies. They 
learn also the value of any so-called 
problems that appear, for they provide 
them with opportunities to demonstrate 
that. God sends His children only good. 
They learn that to approach supposed 

error armed with the truth of being in- 

evitably results in a spiritual victory, On 
page 10 of her “Miscellaneous Writings,” 
after quoting Paul’s statement that “all 
things work together for good to them 
that love God,” Mrs. Eddy explains why 
in these words: “Because He has called 
His own, armed them, equipped them, 
and furnished them defenses impregna- 
ble. Their God will not let them be lost; 
and if they fall they shall rise again, 
stronger than before the stumble.” And 
she adds, “The best lesson of their lives 
is gained by crossing swords with temp- 
tation, with fear and the besetments of 
evil: insomuch as they thereby have 
tried their strength and proven it; inso- 
much as they have found their strength 
made perfect in weakness, and their fear 
is self-immolated.” | 

Some years ago the writer studied 

Birds Across the Dunes 

I woxe last night just after two o'clock 
and found my larger room brimming with 
April moonlight and so still that I, could 
hear the ticking of my watch. Unable and 
half unwilling to sleep again, I dressed and 
went ovt upon the dunes. When something 
wakes me thus at night, I often dress and 
go quietly forth on an exploring expedition. 
It was mildly cold in my ocean world; a 
light westerly breeze was flowing in fitful 
eddies close along the earth, the moon was 
full and high in a cloudless heaven, the surf 
was but a wash along the ebb. Staff in hand, 
I crossed the beach to the good footing 
along the water’s edge, and walked south 
at a slow pace toward big dune. 

As I approached the shadow of the dune, 
I heard from behind it, and ever so faint 
and high and far away, a sound in the 

The Maori Reach New Zealand 

Tue nistory of the New Zealand natives, 
commonly called Maori, is better known 

reached New Zealand about 900 A.D. Some 

night. The sound began to approach and to 
increase in its wild music, and after what 
seemed a long minute, I heard it again from 
somewhere overhead and a little out to sea. 
I stared into the sky but could see nothing; 
the sound that I had heard died away. 
Again from behind the dune and to the 
west of south I heard the lovely, broken, 
chorusing, bell-like sound—the sound of 
a great flight of geese going north on a quiet 
night under the moon. 

I climbed big dune then, the peak of these 
sand mountains; the moon shadow was dark 
upon its eastern slope, but the crest was 
lifted to the light and commanded both 
marsh and sea. The channels were still as 
moonlit forest lakes, the sea was a great 
deep surfaced with a thin moon splendour of 
golden green. I lingered there till the moon 
began to pale, listening to the wild music of 
the great birds, for a river of life was flow- 
ing that night across the sky. . ... There 
were little flights and great flights, there 
were times when the sky seemed empty, 

. tions for victory over 

Written for The Christian Science Monitor — | 
- fencing in her spare time, sometimes at- 

tending national competitions in which 
fencers of reputation, vying for a trophy, 
exhibited their grace, skill, and , 



. Hy 



things; and I 
shall be my son.” 


mortal mind, are given, by Mrs. 
her work “The First Church 
Scientist, and Miscellany” (p. 
loved Christian Scientists, 
minds so filled with Truth 
that sin, disease, and death éarinot 
them. It is plain that ig 
added to the mind already full. 
no door through which evil 
and no space for evil to fill in 
filed with goodness. Good | 5 
an impervious armor; clad therewith 
are completely shielded from the attacks 
of error of every.sort. And not only your- 
selves are safe, but all whom your 
thoughts rest upon are thereby bene~ 
fited.” es 

Beg 52 




City Art Museum. St. Louis 
Persian Fatence Prare, c, 850 AD, 


Can I test Christian 
Science for myself ? 

The steady growth - 
of Christian Science has ‘naturally 
caused many to wonder what its 
appeal is and whether it might be 
helpful in their own problems. Some 
have friends or relatives who are 
Christian Scientists and have in- | 
quired of them. But others prefer to 
look into the subject entirely for 
themselves and reach conclusions in 

with Key 


- ‘ Io} = 

Thursday, April 30, 1953 

The Affairs 

‘of Nations 

Moscow. Too, ‘Exploits’ Opportunities 

oe Sy Joseph C. Harsch 

. Searcely noticed by the West, Moscow has 

Just completed one of the swiftest, shrewdest 

exploitation operations managed by , the 
since the war. 

’. At Geneva, Switzerland, a delegation of 

Russian trade experts has dangled for two 

jwéeks the juiciest trade carrot seen by 
European traders since the 

at the precise moment when America 
has seemed to be withdrawing both economic 
aid and prospects for dollar earnings from a 
European economy which has become stag- 

| ider the juxtaposition of American 
and Russian policy. 
« At Paris an American delegation proposed 
fo the North Atlantic Treaty Council a 
reduced program of rearmament. This has 
and bad sides to Europeans. It promises 
welcome relief from a rearmament burden 
Which has strained European economic re- 
covery. At the same time it also implies 
reduction in American economic and military 
@id to the American Allies, and this aid has 
‘been a factor in maintaining European eco- 
nomic activity. 
» At. the same time America’s European 
Allies were jolted profoundly by the United 
States Army’s rejection of a low British bid 
for generators and transformers for the 
Chief Joseph Dam project in Washington 
State. To Europeans who had anticipated 
“trade, not aid,” from the new administra- 
tion in Washington and were given ihstead 
“buy American,” this was a portent of 
arder: not easier, dollar earnings in the 

nited States. 
et Oe. 

At this precise moment the Russian delega- 
tion to the latest meeting of the United Na- 
tions Economic Commission for Europe 
startled and tempted the western. European 
delegations by the following unaccustomed 

* 1. The Russians treated the Austrians as 
equals instead, as heretofore, of treating 
them as inferiors. 

2. The Russians met openly with the West 
Germans in spite of the fact that there Is 
no diplomatic exchange between Russia and 
West Germany and the further fact that until 
now the Russians have refused to recognize 
the existence of the West German Govern- 

3. The Russians asked the French whaly 

the French had to sell instead of demanding, 
as heretofore, rubber, tin, and tankers which 
are all banned from East-West trade as 
being “strategic” materials. 

~ 4. The Russians eschewed polemics and 

politics and talked straight, unideological 

The Western Alliance may be spared major 
damage from this latest Russian “operation” 
through Russian inability to produce actual 
goods for trade. It is not clear that the Rus- 
sians possess surpluses which they could ex- 
change for goods they ‘want. However, it 
would be Russian incapacity, not western 
unity, which would prevent the damage, 

There is no doubt that the Russians ex- 
hibited masterly timing in this operation. 
The basic current economic fact about 
Europe is that European industrial produc- 
tion has ceased to expand. Even Germany, 
the fastest growing economy in Western 
Europe from 1947 through 1952. has suffered 
a loss of momentum. While Russian and 
American industrial complexes have con- 
tinued to expand, Europe has leveled off, 
has been unable to maintain forward prog- 
ress. The danger of stagnation is real, and 
is recognized as a major danger to western 

Last October, Stalin announced that 
Russia would go over to the economic offen- 
sive, would.seck by economic means what 
it had failed to gain by infiltration, sabotage, 
subversion, propaganda, and political action. 
At Geneva. the Russian delegation behaved 

. as though Stalin’s plan were in full opera- 

tion. The Russians were tempting the Eu- 
ropeans with the very commodity which 
America seems to be withdraWing from Eu- 
rope—the prospect of expanded trade. 


It may work out safely in the end. The 
Eisenhower administration proposes to im- 
plement its “trade, not aid,” policy by ex- 
tension of the Reciprocal Trade Agreements 
Act, by seeking amendment of the old 1933 
“Buy American” Act. by reducing the arms 
burden on Western Europe, by increase of 
the “offshore procurement” program. In the 
meantime Russia may be unable to offer in 
fact the expanded trade it offers in prospect. 

However, Moscow appears at the moment 
to be offering better trade under more favor- 
able terms than America offers. The anpear- 
ance undoubtedly is appealing to Evrope. 
European economic progress has been based 
heavily on American aid. Europe hoped that 
this would be converted into American trade. 
But the conversion is slow in realization. 
Hich tariff protectionism is an undeniable 
and an obvious urge tn the new Congress. 
And now Washington seems to be offering 
both less “aid” and less “trade.” 

There is a real danger that Moscow will 
succeed in doing more harm to the Western 
Alliance by offering trade than it ever was 
able to do by threatening conquest. 

The Personal Equation 


Community Developer 

It is hard to separate the community-develop- 
ment program in the state of Washington from 
its No. 1 sparkplug, Richard Waverly Poston— 
“Dick,” as he is known to virtually every citizen 
in the towns where the program is under way. 

Its.early success is due in large measure to 
his vision. his enthusiasm, his understanding of 
people, his dtter sincerity, his dedication. He 
never spares himself or thinks of calling it a 
day so long as any individual or committee needs 
his help. He inspires people with confidence in 
themselves and a desire to undertake thgngs 
they ordinarily would have thought impossible. 

Dick Poston, head of the Bureau of Com- 
munity development of the University of 
Washington, is the last person who would want 
to be considered indispensable. That is one rea- 
son he wrote “Democracy Is You.” The book 
is designed to explain the procedure used in this 
state in such a way that it can be duplicated 
anywhere. He hopes many universities and 
colleges will recognize this as an opportunity 
for new vistas of service. 

Boiled down, the ¢ommunity development 
idea involves a mass citizens movement, backed 
by expert advice, to improve and rehabilitate 
Smaller towns, to make them better places to 
live and more attractive to settlers, too. Im- 
provement projects such as parks, building re- 
furbishing, and the like are developed and 
carried through bv the people themselves. 

a 2» - 
‘Mr. Poston believes with all his heart that 
the greatest single factor in the future of 
America and of free society in general is the 
local community. 

“If our local communities are strong, vital, 
articulate, and aware of their own responsi- 
bilities, America will be strong,” he maintains. 
“If they are weak, if community spirit, a fully 
develoved sense of citizen achievement, a moral 
climate tor progress, ard local responsibility for 
jo~ei seeds and problems are in any way lack- 
ing, then to that extent America will be weak 
and democratic processes will suffer. A total! 
mation can be no stronger than her basic parts.” 

4 * 4 
Mr. Poston did not just happen into this 
work. He can look back now and see that he 
twas being prepared for it by one experience 
after another. A turning point in his_ career 
came one day when he was working as a soil 

By Alice Myers Winther 

the dust bowl area of 

conservationist in 

Caught in a terrific dust storm, he made his 
way, choking, to a farmhouse. Around the 
building huddled hundreds of sheep, many 
perishing of thirst. He stumbled down a tunnel 
dug in the dust to reach the door. A weary, 
dejected farmer let him in. The man had walked 
seven miles to town and back that morning to 
get help for his wife. Having no money, he got 
no help. When he returned his. wife had passed 
on. His son also lay on a bed, suffering from the 
dust. The farmer railed about a world in which 
such things could happen. 

It was all a shocking experience for young 
Mr. Poston. “But even then,” he told me, “I 
knew that God had nothing to do with it. What 
that man and hundreds like him were suffer- 
ing was the result of man’s misuse of his God- 
given intelligence. It was man, not God, who 
created that dust bow]. Man’s greed had stripped 
the land of the natural protection God gave it.” 

Waiting in that dust-buried farmhouse for 
the storm to pass, Dick Poston came to a mo- 
mentous decision — his work must be with 
people, not with the soil. What good a know!l- 
edge of the latest technology unless people are 
educated to use it wisely for’the benefit of the 

4 4 s 

Various jobs followed, including free-lance 
writing. He heard of an_experiment being car- 
ried out by the University of Montana, his Alma 
Mater, under the direction of Baker Brownell, 
professor of philosophy at Northwestern Uni- 
versity. It was, in embryo, the plan now de- 
scribed in “Democray,Is- You.” Unfortunately, 
it petered out before getting adequate trial in 

Dick Poston became obsessed with its po- 
tential for human progress. After two Years’ 
research he wrote about it in “Small-Town 
Renaissance.” In the summer of 1950, Raymond 
B. Allen, then president of the University of 
Washington, invited him to come here and begin 
in this state where Professor Brownell had left 
off in Montana. ° 

Mr. Poston gives Professor Brownell full 
credit for the method of community develop- 
ment now being put into successful practice in 
Washington. “All I’ve done,” he insists, “is to 
apply many of his ideas and elaborate on them 
in an actual working program.” 

From the Bookshelf — 

Interwoven With History.......... 

“The Women in Gandhi's Life, by Eleanor Mor- 
ton. (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company. 

304 pp. $4.) 
Let no one be misled by the garish title of this 
‘book. It is not a record of personal affaires— 

,...++.. By Marion West Stoer 

the women of his entourage. to whom he 
opened a world. “Out of society girls, sheltered 
wives, cloistered students, out of plain working 
girls, out of a princess,” writes Miss Morton, 
“he made leaders for new India. He demanded 
greatness of them and they found it in them- 
to Hit tgert of the need for greatness in 


Gandhi’s life deshonstrated the ble 
integration of ‘his teachin 

By Robert M. Hallett 

Staff Correspondent on 
Latin-American Affairs for 
The Christian Science Monitor 

San Salvador, El Salvador 

n a country where some comm 
still is planted with a pointed 
stick during the full moon, 
Point Four is accomplishing much. 
As Roberto Quifonez, Minister 
of Agriculture, said in an informal 
conversation at a United States 
embassy function here not long 
ago: “Our people are just now 
awakening to the fact that there 
is a science to agriculture.” 

Through the enthusiastic cooperation 
of such Salvadoran leaders as Sefior 
Quifidez, the dedication of large sums 
of government money to the program, 
and the response of the people them- 
selves, an effective program is bein 
forged in E] Salvador, land of volcanoes 
and broad lush valleys. No matter 
what happens to technical assistance 
in the future, the program in Salvador 
May well be remembered as a “model.” 

Eager to Learn New Way 

An essential factor in success of as- 
sistance programs is a readiness for 
such technical training on the part of 
the people themselves. In Salvador this 
prerequisite is present to an outstand- 
ing degree. The people are eager to 
learn new methods, according to tech- 

This explains the presence of more 
foreign specialists per square mile than 
perhaps in any other country of the 
world. In addition to the United States 
Point Four mission (formally an entity 
of the Institute of Inter-American 
Affairs), experts from the World 
Health Organization, United Nations 
Educational, Scientific, and Cultural 
Organization, Intergational Labor Or- 
ganization, and United Nation Chil- 
dren's Emergency Fund, and private 
groups such as IBEC Housing, a Nelson 
Rockefeller group, aré busy applying 
modern techniques to Salvador’s age- 
old problems of poverty, lack of ade- 
quate housing, illiteracy, poor water 
supply, etc. 

Many gears have to mesh prop- 
erly fot an efficient Point Four 
program. And in Salvador they do. 
For examble, the Minister of 
Agriculture and other local offi- 
cials are 100 per cent behind the 
aid program; the. United States 
Ambassador, Angier Biddle Duke. 
actively fosters Point Four: the 
program’s country director is: an 
effective administrator, and _ the 
men in the field are qualified and 
do their work with enthusiasm. 

Aids Many Fields 

The United States aid program itself 
embraces education, health and sani- 
tation, fisheries, economic and financial 
guidance in addition to agriculture. 

A snapshot economic view of this 
tiny Central American republic shows 
the following: 

Although only the size of Maryland, 
El Salvador is the third largest coffee 
producer in the world. Its économic 
existence depends on that crop. 

Fortunately high prices have pre- 
vailed since World War II. Therefore, 
the government, which derives most of 
ite income from export and ia~or 
duties, has owney jiuging im ite 
pockets. But a sharp price drop in 
coffee would be a devasting shock to 
the economy. 

There is little or no middle class in 
the country — only the fabulously 
wealthy coffee “finqueres” and the great 
mass of impoverished campesinos. 

The situation is complicated further 
by the fact that this is the most densely 
populated continental nation in the 
Americas; and competition for jobs, 
housing, and food keeps the living 
standard of the impoverished masses 
at a bare subsistence level. The aver- 
age farm worker’s labor is almost en- 
tirely devoted to raising his family’s 
food. He does have about three months’ 
work at 40 cents a day at coffee pick- 
ing time. After that he has practical- 
ly no other opportunity to earn cash 

Seek Foreign Funds 

This situation would provide ripe 
conditions for the spread of commu- 
nism, each ger od if the present eco- 
nomic bubble should break. 

A few enlightened persons in gov- 
ernment and private activities have 

VEO cnemenad 

A “model” Point Four pro- 
gram is in full swing in El Sal- 
vador. Mr. Hallett, writing from 
there, says there are “more spe- 
cialists per square mile than per- 
haps in any other country of the 
world.” Most costs of the agri- 
cultural and economic develop- 
ment' program are borne by the 
little country itself. The article 




Gene Langley: Grafting a young citrus tree 

taken the lead in attempting to smash 
this poverty-breeding cvcle. They have 
attempted to lure foreign capital into 
the country to set up diversified light 
industries. Some already have been 
started. Others will be attracted when 
great power facilities become available 
with completion of the Rio Lempa 
hydroelectric project in several months. 

The most urgent problem, how- 
ever, is that of food. Salvador’s 
2,000,000 population must be fed 
from limited land resources. And 
population is growing at the rate 
of more than 2 per cent a year, 
which means that in 25 years the 
land will have to support more 
than 3,000,000 inhabitants. 

The first all-out attempt to méet this 
problem came in 1942 when Salvador 
and the United States jointly set up an 
experiment station. 

This was many years before the term 
Point Four had been coined. The pro- 
gram here and in other Latin-American 
nations was originated during the war 
in an effort to solve problems of food 
supply, health, and sanitation as they 
affected United States armed personne! 
serving in the area, This concept ex- 
panded as Latin-American nations saw 
the constructive benefits accomplished 
by these temporary agencies. 

Big Help in Farming 

Under Point Four the agricultural 
program has been expanded to include 
irrigation and erosion control, research 
and demonstration farms in various 
areas and “county agents” to work 
directly with the farmers. 

The major cost is borne now by the 
El Salvador Government. In 1951 it put 
up $850,000 for the agricultural pro- 
gram compared with $91,292 from the 
United States (a figure which includes 
primarily salaries of United States 
technicians ). 

What has this phase of Point Four ac- 
complished? In his informal discussion 
at the United States Embassy, Sefior 
Quindnez cited certain specific benefits: 

“About four years ago a leaf rot 
blight hit henequen, one of our major 
export crops. We had no technicians to 
study it. Point Four went in and in a 
matter of four months knew what it 
was, and now it is not a menace. It can 
be controlled. | 
“Take another instance. We had 
found for a long time that most native 

- ee ee LS TT ST we rtm 

——_ oe re oe 0 pee _———s 

7. . | 
- ¥X "VADOR 

. _-_ « 
5 - “ . 
ih 4 a 
‘ . 
. ee ; 

a” B : . : 
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' ‘ 



nape | 


sugar cane was affected by a blight. It 
didn’t develop properly. Point Four 
people brought in 47 varieties from all 
over the world and found five not only 
resistant to blight but better producers. 
During the past three or four years we 
have had to import about 20 per cent 
of our sugar consumption. In 1952 we 
brought in very little and from now on 
will probably import none at all.” 

New Grains Introduced 

Also three corn varieties have been 
evolved which have helped increase 
production fourfold. Ninety-five per 
cent of the corn in the country is now 
of those varieties. New sorghum plants 
also are being introduced, and a new 
variety of rice has been found which is 
particularly adaptable to Salvadoran 
copditions. Better breeds of cattle and 
hogs have been introduced: a tractor 
school is familiarizing young Salvador- 
ans with modern farm machinery; in- 
sect control information disseminated 

throughout the country has eliminated 
a serious threat to the coffee crop. 

Point Four “made it possible to 
organize a Ministry of Agricul- 
ture” — something that did not 
exist in the country before 1946, 
the minister said. 

Some youngsters trom weaithy 
Salvadoran ftamilies go to the 
United States or Europe to learn 
latest agricultural techniques, but 
Point Four “brings down this 
training directly to people who 
would not otherwise be able to 
get it,” he said, 

Sefior Quifiénez believes it would 
work “tremendous harm” if Point Four 
were cut off or sharply curtailed. What 
has been done already would be very 
much wasted because insufficient Sal- 
vadorans have been trained to carry 
on the work. 

The most important thing it has done 
for Salvador, the minister said, was to 

with its high fertility or “we will have 
to import everything we need to eat.” 

Demonstrations Pay Off 



sf zi 

education center around agencies for 
vocationa! training and transmission of 

practical know-how. 
—— assistance et being given 
in designing, equipping, developing 

the curriculum of @ pioneer 

industrial school to be constructed with 
Salvadoran funds this year. Through 
a training grant, prospective instructors 
are studying in Puerto Rico. 

In other areas of education, advisers 
will be provided in home economics and 
teaching of agriculture in rural schools 
in addition to a visual aids specialist to 
increase the effectiveness of the learn- 
ing process. 

Fisheries Survey Unique 

The fisheries mission is unique 
among Point Four field projects. 
The gentle sloping coastal shelf of 
the Salvadoran seacoast appears 
to shelter substantial resources of 
food fish of many kinds which thus 
far have been exploited in only the 
most primitive tashien. 

~ survey these resources with 
a view to setting up a fishing in. 
dustry, the Ministry of Kconumyv 
has had for 1% years the services 
of an expert in fish resources, Le- 
roy S. Christev, veteran of manv 
years’ service with the United 
States Fish and Wildlife Service. 

To provide Mr. Christey with a vessel 
to investigate local ocean fish resources, 
a 79-foot trawler was purchased in 
California by the ministry, Her captain, 
chief engineer, and cook are all Ameri« 
cans in the employ of the local governe- 

ment, as are the eight Salvadorans who 
comprise the crew. 

Since March, 1952, ‘Point Four has 
supplied the Ministry of 
an economic research and 



Fe 3 
- i - 
Py . « fo. * : ye 



10 i 4 

Harvard Tops 
Crusaders In) 

Baseball Game 

By Ed Rumill 

Sports Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


Even though their leading class | 
hitter of the last decade is now 
flying for the Marines in Korea— 
Ted Williams by name—the Red | 
Sox are in there swinging for the | 
American League batting crown. 

Lou Boudreau has two past) 

champions in his lineup every | 
day, ee oe Goodman at second | 
base and 

ge Kell at third. 
Coodinen is aa yet in contention, 
but Kell, one of the few well- | 
seasoned veterans on this young 
club, already is giving the rest of 
the field something to think 


As the Red Sox took the second 
and final game of their series at 
Briggs Stadium, Detroit, yester- | 
day (April 29), 10-4, for a clean 
sweep of the abbreviated set, and | 
their third straight, Kell played | 
just four and a half innings and 
made four hits, one of them a 
double When he retired to the | 
bench to give 16-year-old Billy | 
Consolo a little experience for | 
the rest of the day, George was 
batting a torrid 457, with 21 hits | 
in 46 chances, putting him in 
front in the league batting race. 

Furthermore, the hustling third 
stacker from down Arkansas way 
had a hitting streak of 10 games 
and had been shut out only once 
in the 12 games played. Charley | 
Bishop blanked him, as he did | 
most of the other Sox, in the 
second game at Philadelphia 
April 17. . 

Only once this spring has Kell 
oeen under .400 at the plate, the | 
best start he ever remembers | 
making. When he got only one) 
put of four against the Athletics | 
last Saturday at Fenway Park, 
his average dipped (if you can | 
call it that) to .395. Twice he has | 
made four hits in one game, the 
other being in the 1953 inaug- | 


‘Lemon and Feller are due to. 

Sports Here and There 

+ | 

ural at Connie Mack ae, 

when he got four for five. 
Being a team man, Kell does 

not keep such things as batting | 


baseball outlook 


_¢crowns foremost in his thought. took an upward swing in defeat- 
With him, as with all fine com- 

ae Holy Cross, 5-2, yesterday, at | 
titors, the victory is the thing. Seldion Field. Holy Cross is the | 
‘Bu t also like cther big leaguers, NCAA champion and it was the | 
he would prize the crown if he first Crimson victory over the 
won: it. Crusaders since 1950, The Crim- | 
“There isn’t a player wh0/| son was leading 2-1 until the 
wouldn't like to win it, of! eighth inning w they tallied 
course,” George told me as Wwe three more runs, Johnny Arnold 
rode the train ‘between Detroit | pitched for the winners until the 
and Cleveland. “But you can't ninth inning. Harvard collected 
be thinking about it. If you do, nine hits off Jack Lonergan and 
you'll hurt your team and your-' Ronnie Perry. The Crusaders got | 
self, I - keep swinging, and five hits off Arnold. Bob Ward 
if enough drop in for me, I've retired the three batters in the 
got a chance for a pretty good ninth in relief. 
percentage.” 4 
Kell won the hitting champion- 
ship with Detroit in 1949, beat- 
ing out Ted Williams in a close 
‘race and finally posting a .343 
average. The following year he 
got 218 hits and did 340, but 
Billy Goodman won the title at 

As you may heve suspected by 
| the score, Kell did not do all of 
Boston's hitting in the Detroit 
final—the sixth-straight Tiger 
defeat, by the way. The Red Sox 
made 17 hits in all, Sammy White 
matching Geotrge’s output of four. 
White and Milt Bolling hit home 
runs, the team’s first such clouts 
| from Fenway Park. All previous 
four were hit at home by Dick 
Gernert, After going hitless in 12 
trips, Goodman contributed a 
triple, White had five runs batted 

| ee) ee 


Crew Cuts, . . The Compton 
Cup Regatta on the Charles) 
River (Harvard, Princeton, MIT) 
is Harvard's serond and final 
local crew race .of the season. 
All other competition i 
from the home base. Princeton, 
with a strong crew, is favored. 
Harvard edged Rutgers. BU and 
MIT here last week. BU will be 
rowing against Syracuse and Cor- 
nell at Syracuse, Saturday, ! 

, tie 2 

Batter Up ... Harvard's base- 
ball team, last in the Greater 
' Boston League and first in the 
Ivy League’s northern division, 
has given up only 10 runs and 22/ 
hits in the six games played to! 
date. John Arnold, Earl Groper, 
Andy Ward and Bob Ward are 
the Crimson moundsmen. Foot- 
‘baller Dick Clasby handles the | 

Briefs .. . The winning pitcher | Harvard catching chores. 
was Mel Parnell, his. third; Top major league prospect 
straight, although Ellis Kinder} among local colleges probably is 
had to finish . Mel’s lifetime | Sid Goldfader, the big Brandeis 
American League record against | outfielder ... Pitcher Fred Ge- 
the Tigers is now 17 and six. .| rulskis, key man in the Tufts 
He was three and one last sea-! baseball picture who owns an 
sO A parade of six pitchers/eight-inning no-hit job against 
worked against the Ped Sox | BU, was so wild his freshman 
yesterday, Boudreau’s kids hav-| year the coaches put him in the | 
ing given Parnell an 8 to 1 lead/| outfield . : . John McKinnon of | 
by the end of the third inning| BC is the workhorse among local 
. « , Gene Stephens made two) pitchers with a 3-0 record in| 
leaping catches in left field . three starts... Holy Cross, 
The triumph boosted Boston's NCAA champions last year, stil] 
road record to three and five -| rates as the top college team in 
Today was an opén date for the this section until somebody 
Sox, who worked out at Munici-| proves otherwise. But the Cru- 
pal Stadium ... Grissom and | saders are having no easy time as 
Brown will be Boudreau’s start- | seen in their 10-inning, 8-6 vic- 
ing pitchers in the two games tory over BU last week end..-in 
with the Indians, the first of which their first six runs were 
which comes tomorrow night , unearned. 

If the Greater Boston League 
College All-Stars play their New 
York counterpart, the date will 
be June 12, at Fenway Park— 
probably a twi-night affair with 

start for the home team ...,A 
two-game total of only 4,826. paid 
to watch the Red Sox and Tigers | 
in Detroit’s frigid temperature. 


ithe Schoolboy All-Star game 
y;} scheduled there that night—a 


312 ee N.Y, Briefs: George Fingold, attor- 
| ney general, will inspect the Bos- 
ton Arena and make recommend- 
ation regarding its purchase by 
next Tuesday. The present own- 
ers are reported to have pur- 
chased the building for $240,000 
and are asking $315,000. Now 
that the Braves are in Milwaukee 
and going well, that quote of 
Manager Charlie Grimm yester- 
day is interesting in which he 
| said, “We had nothing to beat the | 
| big clubs ‘with in 1952. Our de- | 
fense was ragged, our hitting 
spotty and we had no bench.” 
That could account for no_sup- 
port here in Boston, you know 

. Walter Brown hopes to have 
Art Ross stay on as general man- 
ager of the Boston Bruins. 

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Rash of Long Ball Hitting 

Sparks Major League News 

By the Associated Press 

If the current rash of long- 
ball hitting in the majors con- 
'tinues, they’re going to have to 
supply the bleacherites with out- 
fielders’ gloves. 

First it was Mickey Mantle of 
the Yankees, then Ed Mathews of 
the Braves, then Mantle again, 
and now Joe Adcock of the 
Braves has gotten into the Derby 
for long-distance slugging. And 
the season is only two wecks old, 

Mantle still holds the record 
for the campaign, his first homer 
traveling 562 feet. That prob- 
ably won't be equaled for a 
long time to come. 

Most Notable 

But in the matter of accom- 
plishment, Adcock’s yesterday 
(April 29) off the Giants’ Jim 
Hearn, was the most notable wal- 
lop. It came with one on and 
| helped the Braves to a 3-2 

' triumph. 
More important, though, it was 

——__ ee 

Bernard Baldwin 
Heading C. of & 
Sports Committee 

Bernard R. Baldwin of New- 
ton, Boston insurance executive 
and member of the Port of Bos- 

‘ton Authority, has been named 

chairman of the newly author- 
Committee of the 

Greater Boston Chamber of Com- 

' merce by Paul T. Rothwell, pres- 

ident. ' 

The organizing of a committee 
was voted at the April meeting 
of the chamber’s directors, and 
although the size and personnel 
have yet to be determined, the 
committee wil] include “repre- 

sentatives from all fields of ma- = 

jor professional and amateur 


For some time the chamber’s 
directors had under considera- 
tion the suggestion for the estab- 
lishment of a “sports bureau or 

committtee” originated by Harry | 

J. Blake, former chamber presi- 
dent. The scope of the commit- 
tee’s work will be “the general 
recognition of the economic and 
civic importance of encouraging | 
interest in and support of pro- | 
fessional and amateur sports | 
groups and events.” 

College Scores 

Results April 29 
Harvard 5. Holy Cross 2 
Colby 12. Bowdoin 4 
Connecticut 11 Wesleyan 2 
Cornell 19. Columbia 2 
Vermont 12. Norwich 4 
Williams 12, Middlebury 5 
Stonehill 9. Suffolk 2 
Springfield 6. Providence 5 
Brown 10. Yale 9 (12 innings) 
Worcester Tech 12, Northeastern 1. 
Maine 12. Bates 9 (first game) 
Maine 1, Bates 0 (second game). 
Boston University 73, University of 
Connecticut 62. 
Boston University Frosh 57, University | 
of Connecticut Frosh 5). 
Williams 8, Middlebury 1. 
Amherst 8. Trinity 1. 
Springfleld 7. Wesleyan 2? 
Boston University 5, Tufts 4. 
Yale 9, Brown 6 

‘stole second, 

‘poor throw. 

| beaten. 

‘sixth place with 

ithe first ball ever hit {nto the 

center field bleachers of the Polo 
Grounds during a regular sea-| 
son game. Schoolboy Rowe, then | 
a Detroit Tiger pitcher, hit one 
there during batting practice in 
1933, and Luke Easter, now of 
the Cleveland Indians, found the 
mark when he was playing in a 
Negro league some years later. 

The hit came in the third in- | 

ning, and the Giants eventually 

tied the game. As things turned | 

out, the Braves had to win it in 
the ninth when Iknuckleballer 
Hoyt (what, again?) Wilhelm let 

loose a wild pitch. Adcock got to | 

first base when Al Dark made a 
bad throw on his grounder. He 
and advanced to 
third on Catcher Sam Calderone’s 
Jim Pendleton went 
in to run for Adcock and scored 
on the wild heave. 
Brooklyn Gains 

The league-leading Philadel- 
phia Phillies lost again to the St. 
Louis Cardinals, but the second- 
place Chicago Cubs also were 
Since Brooklyn won, 
Chuck Dressen’s defending cham- 
pions gained on both leaders. 

The Cubs failed to take ad- 

vantage of the Phillies’ lapse and | 

went down to a 4-3 defeat at the 
hands of the struggling Pitts- 
burgh Pirates. By their victory, 
the Buccos moved into a tie for 
the Giants. 
That's rarefied ah for them. Lit- 

tle Murry Dickson went all the | 

way for the Pirates. 
The Dodgers edged the Cincin- | 

nati Redlegs, 6-5. Roy Campa- | 

nella tied the score with a home 
run with one on in the eighth, and 
reliefer Joe Black threw just one 

ball to gain credit for the victory. | 

Wynn Triumphs 
In the American League, 
Indians gained a balf game on 
the idle Yankees when ~-Early 

Wynn pitched them to a 2-1 de- | 

cision over the Philadelphia A's. 

The Tribe now is one game be- | 

hind the Yanks. 

Bob Porterfield hurled the 

| Washington Senators to a 3- 
conquest over the Chicago White 
|Sox. All he needed was one run 

in the third inning to wrap it up, 
| but catcher Les Peden hit a home 
run in the eighth, and Clyde Voll- 
mer singled across another in the 
ninth. Porterfield drove 
first run himself with a single. 

The Boston Red Sox pulled | 
500 by | 

their average up to 
bombing the hapless Detroit 
Tigers, 10-4. Sammy . White 
knocked in five runs and George 
Kell went into the league lead in 

batting with a .457 average. The | 
loss was the Tigers’ 
| games. 

The Yanks and St. Louis 

Browns were rained out. 

Wednesday’s Stars 
By the Associated Press 
Batting—Joe Adcock, Milwau- 
kee Braves, hit a home run into 
the center field bleachers of the 
Polo Grounds—the first time a 

Aaa nt 


Pittsburgh es or 

New York 
Philadelphia . 
St. Louis 
Boston Pe 
Washington ... 

the | 

in the | 

13th in 15) 

National League 


icago 3 ] 
5 l 
4 l 
4 ] 
9 5 
9 5 
6 41. 

Results April 29 
Milwaukee 3, New York 2, 
Brooklyn 6, Cincinnati 5. 
St. Louis 1, Philadelphia 0 (11 

inns., N). 
Pittsburgh 4, Chicago 3 (N). 
Thursday's Schedule 

St. Louis at Philadelphia (N). 
Milwaukee at New York. 
Cincinnati at Brooklyn. 
Chicago at Pittsburgh. 

Friday's Schedule 
Chicago at Brooklyn (N),. 
Cincinnati at Pittsburgh (N). 
Milwaukee at Philadelphia (N) 
St. Louis at New York. 


American League 


Results Aprij 29 
Washington 3, Chicago 0. 
Bosten 10, Detroit 4. 
Cleveland 2, Philadelphia 1. 
New York at St. Louis, post- | 


Thursday's Schedule 
New York at Chicago. 
Philadelphia at Detroit. 
Washington at St. Louis (N). 
Only games scheduled. 

Friday's Schedule 
New York at Chicago (N), 
Washington at St. Louis. 
Philadelphia at Detroit. 
Boston at Cleveland (N), 



WA ce tect | 

Minor League Baseball 

Results April 30 
By the Associated Press 

Pacifie Coast Learue 

Seattle 7. San Francisco 4. 
Other games postponed. 
International Leagu 
Toronto 3. ringfield 2. 
Montreal 2. ester i. 
Ottawa 5, Syracuse a 
Baltimore 8 Buffalo 4. 

sy) inns 

Toledo 3. Indiana 
Charieston 12. Columbus 3. 
Kansas City 3, Lowisville 2. 
Only games scheduled. 

Seuthern Asseciation 
Atianta 4. Nashville 0. 
Other games postponed. 

Texes League 

Dallas 4. Houston 2. 
San Antonio 10. Fort Worth 4. 
Tulsa 6 Beaumont 3. 
Oklahoma City et Shreveport erento 

Seath Atlantic Lea 
Columbus 4. Augusta 3. 1 
Jacksonville 15, Columbia 9. 
Savanneh 1. arieston 6. 
Montgomery 11, baeeee 3. 

Western League 

All games postponed. 

ectady 6&6. Reading 6. 
Elmira 13. Williamsport 2. 
Wilkes-Barre o Albany 3. 
amton 1, Scranton 0. 




first annual 

_would provide the players added annoyed on the 12th hole to 
incentive, as though the $10,000 | away his driver; however he 


ithe rule or the size of the field. | 

Red Sox Show Surprising Batting Surge Against Detroit on n Road Tr rip. 
Kell Takes .457 Average — PT fT 

Into Cleveland Tomorrow 

Changes Made 

By Frank Waldman 
Sports Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 

Las Vegas, Nev. 
From start to finish this city’s 
“Tournament of 
success. Charity benefited to the 
extent of $35,000. Galleries were 

was an unqualified 

well above expectation. The 20. 

cornpeting players made at least 
$1,000 apiece plus expenses. And 

members of the press fortunate 

enough to have been on hand 
were royally albeit exhaustively 

The weather, as Cary Middle- | 

coff observed, was “perfect.” 
Days were sunny and windless 
with temperature around 90°. 
Despite the tournament's new- 
ness already there is talk among 
the players anxious ta return of 

for the terrible-tempered one. On 

gaining PGA sanction for next thé 10th green Bolt expressed 
year. This would permit scores disgust with himself by 

made in the 


| Champions” to count in final Ry- | swinging at it 
Cup and Vardon Trophy | Bolt’s sim was 

“Tournament of his ball in mid 

standings with prize money simi-/ shaft of the putter 
larly counting in PGA money | hit the ball and Ligne - 4 

} pry = statistics. 

Jack Burke, | the round putting wi 

'dr.. who played the lush, Desert irdn. 
ina course here, felt the change 

first prize was not enough. 
Minimum Rule 

Because of its 20-man field, the 
“Tournament of Champions” had 
to go without PGA -recognition. | 
The PGA requires a minimum 
32-man starting field in a 72- 
hole tournament before that 
event’s results can count in the 
‘year’s final PGA statistics. 
Chandler Harper, the 1950 PGA 
| tournament winner, felt PGA ap- 
‘proval could be gained without 
increasing the size of the field to | 

i. {the required 32. 

“I don’t see how you could do | 
that anyway,” he pointed out. | 
“You already have a qualifying | 
system whereby a man has to win 
a tournament before he can play | 
here and I don’t see how you 
could get more starters with that | 

“But there’s no need to change 



| As 





|I think the PGA could make an 

' exception 

in the case of this 
tournament. The 32-man mini- 
mum requirement the PGA has is | 
because of the many invitational 
tournaments. However, this is not | 

an invitation tournament and SO | 

long as they keep politics out of | 
it and let every man who quali- 
fies for the tournament play in it | 
I don’t see why the PGA coukin’t | 

recognize it.” 
Executive Committee 
Granting of such an exception 

, would have to be made by the 
executive committee of the PGA. 


Vice-president Dave Douglas, a 
member of the executive com- 

mittee, played in the tournament | 
‘and presumably had a fine time. | 
_Howard Capps, host professional 

at the 
“Tournament of Champions” was 
staged, is a former director of the 
PGA tournament bureau. Grant- 
ing of an exception by the PGA | 
therefore would not seem to be 
too difficult to obtain. Such a rul- 
ing would give the tournament 
the official sanction the players | 
who participated felt was lack- 

Ted Kroll liked the tournament | 
as it stood this year. He com- 
pared it to The Masters. 

“If they want to make it an 






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In the World of Books — Literature. — Architecture — Ballet — Fiction ~ 
The Young Henry James ee é * | For Balletophiles—A Partner’s Gallant Tribute ;— 

ie Alicia Markova: Her Life and 


though much has been written on|> 
the elder Henry James, we have; = 
an entirely fresh presentation of; = 
the head of the household who; | 
was a lovable eccentric and aj 
weak man. 
Likewise, Mr. Edel rescues| 
from the shadows in which Henry |7 
concealed her the mother,|/ ) 
seemingly so yielding and soft, i 
actually so strong and firm,/* 
a character who grows on you/= 
through the book, until your real- |7— 
ization of her personality be-/|* 

Henry James: The Untried Years, 
1843-1870, by Leon Edel. (Phil- 
adelphia: J. B. Lippincott Com- 

. 350 pp. $5.) 
By Perry Miller 

time has come,” says Leon 

Ede} in the clear accents that 

authority, “for 

to apply to Henry 

ves which 

are le only with the lapse 

| | 319 pp. Illustrated. $3.95.) 
"|The Ballet Annual No. 7, Edited 



British Book Center, Inc. 120 
pp. Illustrated. $4.50.) 

By Margaret Lieyd 


ton Dolin, they were fellow mem- 
bers of the great 

Well, not just any biographer 
| such evidence; in fact, 
can. His book—the 

ected three-volume 

result of twenty- 

comes the most clear light on /|% 

“this perversely ambiguous world 

of his childhood,” and, ultimately, |) 
upon the masterpieces. Mr. Edel |*~ 

also handles with remarkable in- |) 
sight ‘the relationship between |* 
Henry and William, in which the | 
bond of brotherhood included the |= 
tug of rivalry: Henry’s health |> 
oddly improved whenever Wil-/* 
liam went away, but deteriorated | ~ 

upon his returns. 
A 4+ & 

Because Anton Dolin was early 

Re : oil - | alert to the art of partnering, he 
~~». ~ | cultivated that important func- 
"+, .,| tion of the premier danseur, won 
> ~ © * | distinction in the field, and out 
= = = ‘jof his experience wrote the 
~~ ‘| treatise, “Pas de Deux.” Because, 

» = || though adaptable to any number 
* > *) | of ballerinas, his longest 
z Ef * | closest association has been with 

Alicia Markova, he now writes 

Ballet. With the passing of Diaghi- 
leff, soon after he had promised 
her “Giselle” for the following 
season, Markova’s career:came to 
an impasse before it was half 

and Dolin ae company of their 

ame the time when Markova 

yt Span 




rt i 



» @ 


a book about her. His new book Since the end of the second 

of unremitting appli- 

the lessons of the mas- 

task of making out the 

the carpet Mr. Edel 

qualities of the most 

relentless of detectives, the most 
tical of Jacobites, and the 
most calmly objective of histori- 
ans. All of which he concentrates 
upon his consuming purpose: “It 
is above all necessary to dispel 

the belief that there was, so to) 

, no ‘life’ behind the Art of 
enry James.” 
’ Soe Foe 

The reader of this 

the “untried” years, will never 

again let himself even momen-_| 

tarily be content with the popu- 
lar image of James as a disem- 
bodied mind who did nothing 
but sit and write for half a cen- 

The great fact is that for Henry 
James experience centered in his 
extraordinary family. He saw 
much of the world, but no matter 
how fascinating were the social 
or artistic circles he penetrated, 
there was nowhere else so rich or 
sO ye a play of the mind 
and the ions as in the house- 
hold configuration. And the im- 

nt point is—as Mr. Edel 
rilliantly makes us perceive—a 
group so concerned with them- 
selves will, by the very intensity 
of their love, set up strains and 
tensions which constitute for a 
small boy, especially if he has to 
be second-brother to William, an 
initiation into terror as well as 
into affection. 

tive a host of images—New York, 
Albany, Paris—and 

lof this 
volume, | 
even though it is concerned with 

Finally, the book gives a full |i205 
account of what long has inspired | 7) 
wild surmises, Henry’s love for |s> 
his cousin, Minny Temple, and | 
makes us understand just what }~ >= 
the effect was for his artistry of | (9355 
being deprived of her. The mir-/| “35 
acle of the creative process re- | > 

mains no less miraculous—in- 

deed, rather more so—as we % 
comprehend the truth of Mr./ > 

Edel’s observation that James | 
had learned that love “is a threat |") 
to life itself,” and with the help| >>> 

insight perceive how 
Henry James glorified Minny 
Temple in Milly Theale. 

One of the startling revelations 
of the bigraphy is the fact that 
during her lifetime James turned 

over to his sister Alice his share | 
of the family inheritance, and | 

that what money he took from 
his father was paid back by lit- 
erary labor. This means in effect 
that from the beginning he re- 
garded himself as a professional, 
not as an elegant amateur who 
wrote for relaxation. He wanted 
to reach a large audiefice, as did 
Dickens, Thackeray, Balzac. 

Ree EY 
By the end of his life, when he 

realized that no one would do) 

him justice, he did it himself by 
writing the prefaces to the New 

| York edition. These, printed sep- 
_arately as “The Art of the Novel,” | 
encourage critics to think of the | 

books as written out of an experi- 
mental vacuum, like so many 
mathematical equations. Mr. 
Edel constantly presses home the 

‘concreteness of the experience 
It was a youth that would print | th - 

ly upon a mind so recep- | 
the architecture of Northampton. 
surround | 
them with dense associations. In | 

utilized in the novels — the house 
in Albany, the picnic in Newport, 

But impressive as is his success 
in discovering and marshaling 

Mr. Edel’s deft and never over- the facts, still more admirable — 
insistent exposition, we find our- ‘for the reader, actually exciting 
selves gasping with the force of | —is the growth of James’ spirit 

the illumination, for instance. 
when we find that the very same 
walk — the Left Bank which 
Henry too 

in the midst of them. 
In his first book review, in 
1864, James has the novelist de- 

with William at the! claring, “My work is my salva- 
age of 13 is the course he has the | tion.” There has always seemed 
hero of “The Ambassadors” fol- | an element of desperation in such 

arriving in Paris. 

low upon fi 
The ~ temp 

| pronouncements as this, for there 
would ~ Be! were to be hundreds in the same 

strong, for an ordinary biogra- | vein throughout the long life. Mr. 
pher who knew this much about | Edel beautifully enables us to 

his subject, to launch into = ‘understand how deeply rooted in | 

el | 
takes a more profound and con- 
Vincing way, which is to read 
from the life to the books and 
from the books to the life. So. al-' 

teur psychoanalysis; Mr. 

his being, how early it was 

formed and what compulsions | 
shaped it, Was the need for a sal- | 

vation which could be found only 
in the work of the artist. 

About a Monomaniac 

The Outsider, by Richard Wright. 
(New York: Harper & Brothers. | illustrates the weaknesses 

405 pp. $3.95.) 


By Roland Sawyer 

On the ground. floor of the 

Library of Congress there is a 
shelf where cast-off books can 
be purchased for 10 cents each. 
You will find odd items on these 
shelves, manuals on how to oper- 
ate shucking machines, social 
registers; pamphlets proclaiming 
to be divine revelations of life. 
No publisher would touch these 

latter monographs, whose authors | 

have printed their own copies by 
this inexpensive device. Few 
readers understand what these 
particular authors are trying to 
say and, indeed, they represent a 
sort of lunatic fringe. 
ori D: ££ 
This book by Richard Wright, 
his fourth, might not be out of 
place on the Library of Con- 

humans as the fault, rather than 

contribute when it 

|}some injustice of society? 

Literature is the stuff of cen- 
turies and it is hard enough for 
any of us to read, within a life- 

time, “the best that has been said | saving, the blessings have not| ones of utility, simplicity, and 
and thought in the world.” Only | been unmixed, Architects and | @ppropriateness. The defects are | 

a few have time for books such | 

J. B. Lippincott Company 

x5 Cee = i| chivalrous, self-eff 

is an act of partn 

exhibiting the ballerina and 
wing no more than necessary 

be . attention to her cavalier. 

A 4+ + 
Good partnering is good man- 

=) | ners, Dolin says. And so, mind- 
| ful of his manners, he carefully 

. "| excludes anything that might 
_ | offend taste or sensibilities. With 

|| the aid of artificial lighting he 

resents his star in the role of 
ttle Goody Two Shoes, in a 

oS ballet world invested with the 

“34 Sa atmosphere of a Sunday School 
"> == | picnic, The item of strength in 
">>| support is lost in sugar-coating. 

Henry James at 16 or 17 

‘| the sad, 

Dolin does give some idea of 
strange, silent child, 
guarded by a gorgon of a gover- 
ness, whom he first knew; and 
of her development from a plain, 

Illuminating the Art of Arts 

Roots of Contemporary Amer!i- 
can Architecture. A Collection 
by Lewis Mumford. (New 
York: Reinhold Publishing 

Corporation. 454 pp. $7.) 

By Neil Martin 
Both the professional architect 

and the amateur of architecture | 

will want to have on their book- 

shelves this volume of readings | 
and essays, 

collected by Mr. 
Mumford, tracing those trends in 

American architecture which led 
to the contemporary. Not only | 

has he made the collection—out 
of an almost unique research 
combined with a burning eager- 
ness to bring a better sense of 
appreciation for the art of arts 
to his countrymen—but he has 
contributed an informative pre- 
face and several illuminating 
articles of his own. 

The purpose of the book, he 
explains, is “to bring together a 
body of thought that helped 
form modern arc in the 

| United States during the last 
| century.” He indites and docu- 
|ments the gradual change from 

traditional forms to contempo- 
rary styles. 
| a a 

From the simple and useful 
and therefore beautiful structures 
of our Colonial days, we passed 
through classic revivals of all 
kinds from Egyptian tombs and 
Greek temples to Chinese pago- 
das and something called Victo- 
rian Gothic. Changing materials 
~—from wood and stone to con- 
crete and steel—have altered not 
only construction but design. 
New inventions have resulted in 
engineering triumphs. And while 
the triumphs have been for the 
most part blessings from 

Greenough, not so much for what 
he accomplished but for his doc- 
trine that in all 2 arch- 
itecture form must follow func- 
tion. In an excerpt from an essay 
by Greenough, published in 1853, 
we may see why Mr. Mumford 
rates him a pioneer in modern 

architecture despite the fact that 
his own work was still tied to the | 


find that one of the surest symp- 
toms of decline was the adoption 

their invention.” 
, ee Say 

He saw that since a changing 
society has ever new goals, there 

must never be a slavish imita- 

tion of past forms however im- 
portant it may be to preserve 
the fundamental rules of utility, 
simplicity, a propos, and scale. 

This re-discovery had a noble ex- 
positor years later in Louis Sul- 

livan and, currently—in a highly | 

individualistic idiom—in Frank 
Lloyd Wright. 

Mr. Mumford sees American 
contemporary architecture in- 
stinct with the democratic con- 
cepts of the American mind. 
These concepts have been ex- 
pressed by men like David 
Thoreau and Calvert Vaux in 
the mid-nineteenth century and 
later by Montgomery Schuyler 
and John Burroughs. Excerpts 
from their writings on housing 
and building 
Mr. Mumford’s selections. 

The qualities of American 

point of view of labor and time | architecture have been the basic 

builders, like other men, 

are | 

exaggerations of the qualities— | The 

as “The Outsider”—or those ob- | often victims of the inventions of | @ too rigid utility resulting in 

scure monographs of 
thinking to be found on that shelf 
in the Library of Congress. 

fringe | 

their age. 

form, he feels, 

| starkness, 

The precursor of the modern/| ness, monotony and the com-| 
was Horatio! monplace; an affected simplic- | 

banality, graceless- 

‘My Theme Is Humanity . . .’ 

MacKinley Helm, (New York: 
Harcourt, Brace & Company. 
245 pp. $7.50.) 

By Dorothy Adlow 

of Fire: J. C. Orozco, by! European masters with whom he 

became acquainted while visiting 
abroad,gnd by personal agitation 
in the presence of degrading 
forces in the modern world. “My 

theme is humanity, my drift is 

The magnitude of the under- 
taking of José Orozco required 
a special kind of courage. He was 
outspoken and uncompromising. 
as he called attention to dark and 
sinister forces, to the horrors and 

are included in | 

ity, or mere quaintness; an ap- 
propriateness from one point of 
view (usually that of the owner 
or user) without considering the 
neighboring structures, a fre- 
quent disregard of fitness within 

4 4 

As might be expected, one of 

“If we trace architecture from) the most vigorous of the articles 
its perfection in the day of Peri- | 
cles to its manifest decay in the 
reign of Constantine, we shall’ 

in the collection is by Frank 
Lloyd Wright. “The Machine 
does not write the doom of. Lib- 

¢ admired f & saan | erty,” he avers, “but is waiting 
of admir orms and modes for ; 
purposes not contemplated in) at man’s hand as a peerless tool, 

for him to use to put founda- 
tions beneath a genuine Democ~- 
racy.... What limits do we dare 
imagine to an Art that is organic 
fruit of an adequate life for the 
individual! Although this power 
[the machine] is now murder- 
ous, chained to botchwork and 
bunglers’ ambitions, the crea- 
tive artist will take it surely 
into his hand and, in the name 
of Liberty, swiftly undo the 
deadly mischief it has created.” 

One of the most beautifully 
written and persuasive readings 
is from Claude Bragdon’s “The 
Language of Form,” one of his 
contributions to “Six Lectures 
on Architecture,” published in 
1917. No one has able to 
define more clearly than has 
Bragdon the difference between 
organic and arranged design. 
That in which form follows func. 
tion is essentially organic. That 
in which the function is made to 
accommodate itself to the form is 

| arranged. 

Frontier Americana 

Uncle Sam’s Uncle Josh, by Don- 
ald Day. (Boston: Little, Brown 
& Company. 243 pp. $4.) 

By Horace Reynolds 

Josh Billings was born Henry 
Wheeler Shaw, on April 21, 1818, 
in Lanesboro, Massachusetts. 
After a year in Hamilton College, 
he went west to Missouri and 
Ohio, working at various jobs, in- 
cluding a stretch of steamboating 
and a spell of horse trading. In 
1850, he settled in Poughkeepsie, 
New York, as an auctioneer, 
where he began to write. 

Like Mark Twain, he was a 
follower of Artemus Ward, from 
whom he learned the public’s ap- 

tite for dialect. Artemus Ward 

elped Billings get his first book 
published, in 1865, the same year 
Artemus helped Mark Twain get 
a hearing in the East with his 
“Jumping Frog” story. Like Mark 
Twain and other humorists of his 
era, Josh Billings wrote for local 
papers, exploited the fondness of 

the times for dialect, took a pen 

the scene resulting in unsightly | name, and ultimately went on the 

lecture platform. 
His comic character was the 

‘Yankee crackerbox philosopher 
in the days of the stiff collar, the | 
horse and buggy, and the board- | 

ing house. As he grew older, this 
character, like all men, became 

addicted to the past. He regretted 

the passing of pumpkin pie, “the 
joy of our granddad, the pride of 
our granddames, the school boy’s 
luncheon, and the parson’s des- 
sert.” “Carrots and squash, and 
sweet tatoes,” he continued, 
“have ve dear pumpkin pie 
out of existence.” But Uncle Josh, 
for all that he loved what was 
passing, was a canny observer of 
the here and now. It was not for 

at fellow hu- 
morist, Abraham In, ranked 
Josh next to Shakespeare as “the 
greatest judge of human nature 
the world has = — 
“Words are often seen hunting 
for an idea but an idea is never 
seen hunting for words” — that 
observation well separates the 
chaff from the wheat of much 
writing. “It ain’t so much ignor- 
ance that ails mankind as it is 
knowing so much that ain't so— 
that is another thrust into the 
heart of its subject. Both Josh’s 
kindness and love of life speak 
in one of his New Year’s reso- 
lutions: “that I won’t object to 
any man on account of his color, 

luniess it happens to be blue.” 

Hungarian Rhapsody 

Angry Angel, 
Zilahy, (New York: Prentice- 
Hall, Inc. 375 pp. $3.95.) 

By Ernest 8. Pisko 

Authors who use contemporary 
history as the backdrop of their 
novels have to be more .careful 
about their facts than those who 
write about long-past ages. 
Otherwise too many of their 
readers will catch them in mis- 

\takes, and consequently. regard 

with suspicion not only the 
writer’s facts but also his fiction. 

It is hard to imagine, for in- 
stance, that an American reader 

by Lajos| 

spiced book, “The Dukays.” It 
tells the story of the Dukay fam- 
ily during World War II and of 
Mihaly Ursi, the peasant boy who 
becomes a professor of astrono- 
my, and marries Countess Zia 

Those who became interested 
in the rather peculiar members 
of the noble family may like to 
learn what happened to them 
under the Nazis and the Russians. 
But those who would like to 
know what kind of people the 
Hungarians really are and how 
they either shook their fists or 

The novel is a continuation of | 
the author’s earlier and liberally 

participle, nominative and ac- 
cusative pronouns, and 
strong verbs. Much of his writ- 
ing has a strong proverbial tang. 
He is fond of such folk similes 
as “raw and cold as the yolk of 
an | 
“A pet lamb always makes a 
cross ram,” is pure proverb, made 
no doubt according to his own 
recipe for the form: “Take one 
gallon of truth, boil it down to 
a pint, sweeten with kindness 
and lay away to cool”; and when 
he says that there is one thing 
about hens that looks like wis- 
dom: “they don’t cackle much 
until after they have laid their 
egg,” he is simply saying, with 
a different accent, “Don’t count 
your chickens until 
hatched.” Surely, too, there is 
more folklore than science in his 
etymology of robin. “Robins get 
their names,” he says, “from 
their great ability for robbing a 
cherry tree.” 
| a 

There is no better way of ws 

ing the best of a bad situation ato 
‘than to make fun of it. Was the 

mirth of Lincoln and the humor- 
ists he loved an escape from the 
dullness of American frontier 
life? Or was it the overflow of 
a great zest for living? 
Whatever our answer to those 
questions we cannot but be grate- 
ful to Donald Day for presenting 














attention of our soul.” 

the best of Josh Billings in this 
convenient form. We are espe- 
cially grateful for his cleaning up 
of Josh’s too quaint and, to us, 
far-from-comic spe : 

spelling than there is being cross- 
eyed.” By here compelling Josh 
to practice what he preached, Mr. 
Day has made him both more 
effective and more palatable. 
“Beauty is the melody of the | 
features,” one remembers that | 
George Moore-like remark, and | 
Josh’s note on exaggeration fits 
several men and women we have 
known: “There are people who 
exaggerate so much they can’t 
tell the truth without lying.” 
Although he is generally stac- 
cato and aphoristic in style, Uncle 
Josh occasionally surprises us 
with a legato passage of grace 
and beauty. No one who reads 
his dithyrambs on trout fishing 
and roast clams on the half shell | 
is likely to forget them, and we | 
remember his aescription of mice 
shooting “out of their hole in the | 
corner, like a wad out of a pop- | 
gun.” “To hear one nibble in the 
wainscot in the midst of the'| 
night,” he adds, “takes the death 
out of silence.” Such are the re- 
wards of reading Uncle Josh. 


color frontispiece by 

386 Fourth Ave., Mew York 16 

The Ideal Gift 
for Children 

for. Parents 
for Sunday School 

On<airectiy from the publisher 

A mayor event in 

religious book publishing 

will not prick up his ears when 
he reads in Lajos Zilahy’s novel 
“The Angry Angel” that Senator 

Three towering talents have/ emotion, my,means the real and| misery of war and the dehuman- 
| meoong pa aggre ae of bodies.” | ization in a machine age. 
Orozco was continuously con- Orozco knew that he spoke out 
mimeographed treatises, although vera, Alfaro Siqueiros and José) cerned with technical questions, immoderately He had the cour- 
it is incomparably better written. Orozeo, All three have been in-| but even more deeply preoceu-| age to express himself “without | V@ndenberg , embraced  inter- 
These are harsh words to say volved in the revolutionary| pied with human conduct fear of the consequences... .” | ationalism in 1940—since this 
about a work of a writer of the struggle. But Orozco was de-'| ; important event did not occur 
technical caliber of Richard tached from partisan politics, His until 1945, An even worse mis- 
Wright and I suppose they rep- painting was based on a universal T f Li h R di take is Mr. Zilahy’s statement 
resent an intensely personal re- interest in humanity. WO or 34 [ ea Lil £ that Mihaly Ursi, the hero of his 
action. But this is a sordid,, MacKinley Helm has written . story, interviewed Soviet Foreign 
ee. Sanguinary,; story of a an informing “Interpretative ange Lt te Fergie ll . 
not very en young man Memoir.” There was not a 6uc-! Tennessee » Cignt years Derore 
who had a reasonably decent cession of dramatic or spectacular ae a | pgm oe nh Ba a a ae joined the League of Nations and 
start in life yet, because of his episodes in the career of José! [Lippincott Company. 367 pp. pany. 339 pp. $3.50.) four years before Litvinov be- 
own exceptional psychological Orozco, for his was a tranquil life. $3.95.) . i FS : ; : ‘|‘came commissar for foreign 
9 OY 8" 4 
_ Nevil Shute, with his deep- 
seated love of the British Empire, 
has now made Australia the hub 
of his latest novel, “In the Wet.” 
Centered in North Queensland, a 

gress’s cast-off shelf. It certainly 
represents a fringe of thinking conditioned the character of mod- 
comparable to certain of these ern Mexican painting: Diego Ri- 

ducked their heads under the 
storm that tore across their land, 
may not be satisfied by Mr. 
Zilahy’s tale. 

Esther Howlend’s Valentines 

Publication Valentine Collectors of America 

Marien Winslow Emerson, Historian, 
Valentine Collectors of America 
South Sudbury, Mass. 



_— —— 

May we beld vou find the book 
you are lookmg for? 


mentality, pe in In his youth, he learned his les- 
alcoholic and animal lusts. These sons in social criticism from José 
take him across 400 pages of Posada, father of Mexico’s prop- 
rapid, violent destruction to him- agandistic art. 

people. | Early in life, eb dena nee 
| nce and 

mankind on the one hand; and he 
could express a tender sympathy 
on the other. For both extremes 
of sentiment, he was . well 

equipped in the technique of pic- 
t torial communica 

the Constitution. This was the 
time when, in early American 
history, a group of avid conspira- 










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Women Today 

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- ° : : bs - 
“Flair for Costume Wigs | 
= Takes Desi Fase 

akes Designer to Fijis 
By Joyce Burns Glen s 2 : 4 
Written sor The Christian Science Monitor 
' Sydney, Australia | be sewn by hand in layers. Mona | | 
A charming and vivacious Syd-| gradually developed a high de- |" 

| gree of skill in handling such ma- 
ney woman has pioneered a new terials as jute, silk, wool, and 

profession in Australia—that of feathers. 
theatrical wigmaker. She makes She made an extensive study 

: n's Editor o 

Pyiehristt esmerisdeie’ © [should then, be. achieved. with 
The League of Women Voters | too, is a “must” before the bulk | need for training 

'|does a job of ideas once again. of the-citizens—who have avoid- and a constructive 

“The Big City,” recently pub- ed joining any organization—can so. ' | 

lished by its Metropolitan Area | be effectively reached. Sometimes | Very often the 

‘Project Committee, tackles the | one organization should give way | ization 

problems. preventing full citizen | if another organization is doing it 

-|participation in public affairs |}the same job more satisfactorily. not defined its 

> |and comes up with answers. Sometimes two organizations can. jectives clearly 

be Combined, 

wigs for plays, ballets and operas 
that are unusually beautiful and 
original, and show a sparkling 
sense of humor, 

When Mona Workman took 

training to become a court hair- 

‘dresser in London she became an 

~ manent waves, cuts. sets, and, 

all-round operator, handling per- 

hair coloring. Her extensive 

training included weaving and. 

She little 

knotting for wigs. 

thought that one day she would | 

be jalizing in theatrical wig- 

Her opportunity to gain a thor- 

ough knowledge of the theater 

~~ piage to a well-known Shake- 

. “South Africa with the Munro-| 

~ the Frangcon-Davies Company, 

came when, soon after her mar- 

of ‘hair styles through the ages. 
Whenever producers are uncer- 
tain as to whether side whiskers 
or a beard are correct for a cer- 
tain play, they call in Mona 
Workman as a consultant. She 
goes to the theater before a per- 
formance and fits the players 
with their wigs, making them 
so comfortable that the appreci- 
ative actors have no fears that 
their wigs are going to drop off. 
The Play Must Ge On 

In Shakespearean plays she 
shows the men how to wear their 
“falls” for the back of their 
hair, and gives the women play- 

ers lessons in how to boost up 
their hair, 

Sometimes producers in other 
parts of the commonwealth 
send her telegrams asking: her 
to make wigs. One of the fun- 
niest telegrams she received 
‘read, “Canst acquire Ague- 
cheek?” From that she was sup- 

spearean actor, James Workman, 
they made’ a wartime tour of 

Inglis Company, and Mona was) 
appointed stage manager. After- 
ward. when her husband joined 

she started dressing wigs for the 
Wigs Festoon Furniture 

When the Workmans made 
their home in Sydney, Mona was | 
asked by the National Opera Sct aso for + 
Company to make the wigs for | Twelfth-Night™ - 
the opera, “The Masked Ball.” | Her work has become so we 

_known that last year a complete 

Aguecheek in 

posed to guess that a wig was | 



was lined up on the sidewalk 
‘outside the salon, and as each 

It’s all in the day’s work when Mona Work- 
man fashions a wig for an actor. Here she adds 


Chinese emerged he was greeted | 
|by roars of laughter from the | @ 

, onlookers. 

The Chinese were so annoyed 
at being laughed at that they 
| promptly removed their pigtails 
and refused to wear them, say- 
ing they didn’t want to “lose 
\face.” However, an emergency 

- ‘ 

There were 64 wigs to be made, 
for the cast of soldiers, footmen, 

ladies of the ball, etc., and for | 
weeks every piece of. furniture | 
in her studio apartment was fes- | 
tooned with wigs made of cotton | 
wool, mohair and crepe hair. | 

On the mantelpiece they looked | 
like rows of blackbirds! Neigh- | 
~ bors came to her rescue when 


stranger, a film executive, tele- 
phoned to ask if she would like 
to go to the Fiji Islands as a | 
hairdresser with the two-mil- 
lion-dollar film unit, “His Maj- 
esty O'Keefe.” 

It was such an exciting offer 
that she accepted and in a week 
was on a plane headed for the ; 

meeting of the Chinese commu- 
nity was held and the Chinese 
finally agreed to put the pigtails 
on again. i 
Uses Bamboo and Feathers. { |” 
It was a strenuous life, Mona | ™ 
had to get up at 4:30 a.m. when | a 
it was still dark, to be ready to 
start the day’s shooting at 5:30 

citizenship training, offering steps 

“The Big City” report strongly without loss of | 
recommends a concrete plan for | prestige for either. 
Apparent lack of good leader- 

" § 2? | for the achievement, particularly | ship discourages citizen partici- 

© - -|through a citizenship school. 
FP ... | also urges a citizen’s information 
Fes ei ee 
=) ©» | overlapping of the work of dif- 
ee : ferent organizations and to ac- 

relating to any ‘civic or social | 

imittee, there should be citizens’ 

finishing teuches to one fer Dennis Glenny, 
Sydney actor, as he looks on, fascinated, 

Break the city up into neighbor- | 4 
‘hoods where individuals can act | 

a way to overcome this feeling. of 

It | pation in civic affairs. Leader 
material is often missing because 
likely persons have moved to the 

center for every city, to prevent 
suburbs. Look 



program. | 
In each big city, according to § 
the findings of the project com- |f 
committees—composed of pro- |j 
fessionals and public ~- spirited § 
laymen—which advise on sub- | 
of leadership training, 
finances, campaigning, and good 
public relations. | 
Encouragement, Not Censure 

The report analyzes sympa- 
thetically, with encouragement 
rather than censure, the attitude 
of the average individual citizen, | 

Take, for instance, the argu- eRe 
ment that big city problems seem | ¢Ta@lizations. 
too overwhelming to cope. with. My husband is not only willing 
nd eager to buy his own new 

“Mom Turns Poppa Out Right 
Smartly,” I feel impelled to let 
you know there is one husband 

in friendly groups, the league 
study advises, 

Another argument: the papers 
are so full of stories about corrupt | jy, 
politicians cooperating wi 
gangsters, a single citizen may 
feel intimidated or at least quite | 
helpless to change this state of | 
affairs. “To join a group, to learn 
and act with a group, is the best 


When large expenditures are 
volved, such as those for a suit 
or a coat, he sometimes needs a 
little urging, I'll admit. But when 
it comes to a pair of shoes, a new 

in for a su 
He keeps track of his supply of 
socks and does not ask me to darn 
his old ones, although he knows I 
yam capable if I were to take the 
time. I have decided he would 

Again: the individual is too 
busy. Distances in a big city 


he is expert, 

to make a firm 

. privilege! 

What Becomes of the Holey Socks? 

In reply to a recent article,,We have no set routine : 

who does not fit into your gen- I wouldn't deprive him of 

to balance this major chore 


bands to do, 
| Plants Vie With 


purchase with great 
he does not ine 


| But 
I usually wipe wu 
4 Pp 

the kitchen — 

clothes when he needs them but weekly task. which many“of my 
also he mends his old ones all by young friends save for their hus- 



our home. Although my huse 
hat, a tie, or a raincoat, I’m often | band shares in their selection and 


quite late some evenings 

asked, “Would you mind lend-| ‘tropics. She spent five months | | : 
= AO8 he’ seer heed For 9 minute | eee eee in comand | rn carne somes make it impossible to work con- 
™'S0"shceesstul. were ‘the ‘headed by the American. star, we Bhar ig may oy gy HB structively with others in widely 
So slccessful were ‘these first| headed by the American star, | pigtailed. She also had to dress | = a , separated communities and to 

| 3 a cope effectively with city prob- 

“wigs that orders began to pour | Burt Lancaster, on what is be-/ the hair of the Fijian girls, bind- 
lems. Help to decentralize the 

in from other states for wigs for 
roles from ancient. Greece. to} . 
modern times, and what started | location, 

»@s a hobby became a full-time! . Mona had the happy experi- 
job. ) ‘ tence of working with the bril- 

rather that we spent our spare 
minutes at home doing things to- | 
gether—whether it is building 
partitions in the basement for a 
‘rumpus rodm or laying the as- 
_phalt tile floor—than that I spent 
_mine at the darning basket while 
he did odd jobs elsewhere. 

Both Partners in Business 

I get around to the job. 
| - He considers m ipedial 
and dislikes, too, The 
ning I went into my réom 
there he was quietly about 
the job of sewing a b on 
his jacket; +4 

As a satisfactory companion I 
highly recommend a man who 

| lieved to be the first major-scale | ing it up and decorating it with | | | 

‘color movie made entirely om | shells. The Fijian men had to hak, | ae Soe city, wherever possible, is the 

\have enormous war headdresses | . . | x | League’s answer. 

pinned on to their fuzzy hair, | is As an example it cites the ex- 
periment of the superintendent of 

These headdresses were colorful | 
schools in New York City de- 

made of bamboo and 

. three days to make..After being 

‘the forthcoming foreign affairs 

* The Borovansky Ballet ordered | liant London hair stylist, Vivi- 
three judges’ wigs for the Ned | enne Jones. To begin with, the 
Kelly bushranger ballet. These| unit took over a_ hairdressing 
were shoulder-length, made of | salon in Suva, and Mona’s first 
gray mohair, and each wig took | assignment was to put pigtails 
on Chinese -actors. Practically 

plotted out with pins, it had to ' the whole population ‘of Suva 



And who would have dreamed, 
when she began work in her un- 
usual field, that it would lead her 
to doing. hairdressing for the 
Fiji Islanders! 

Here Mrs. Workman supplies long pigtail for one of the group 

of Chinese actors taking part in “His Majesty O'Keefe.” 

Churchill Frames Plan to Spur East-West Peace 

Mr. , World War II, is due here May 1 
Dulles seemingly pouring cold/|as one of a group of European 

stigation so that he could better 
judge how events were shaping. 
It now is expected to take place 
| May ll or thereabouts. 

Voiees Readiness to. Act 
Meanwhile in the Commons, 

By Peter Lyne 

Parliamentery Cr rrfespor font af 
The Christian Science Monitor 

Prime. Minister Sir Winston 
Churchill is. “framing a new 
peace plan of his own. 

State Department with 




Top Favorites 

Written for The Christian Science Monitor 
I have a large collection of 

water on moves toward settle- | Defense Community military rep- | 

ment with Russia. 

should not be attached to 

April 29, Sir ‘Winston is consid- 
ered to have shown a new readi- 
ness to take the initiative for 
peace talks. Ahswering a ques- 
tion frorr the Labor opposition 
' front bench, Sir Winston said “I 
have read the ediforial in Pravda 
on 25th April. I should be very 
giad to learn that informal talks 
could be held at the highest level 
and that they would lead to ‘seri- 
ous businesslike discussions.’ I 
may beable to deal with these 
issues more fully in a debate on 

He hopes his name and pres- 
tige and influence will give a 
shove to:the hesitant East-West 
overtures for. peace. talks. 

He proposes to make a full 
deciaration of Britain’s attitude 
to Moscow peace feelers and 
American reactions thereto in 
debate in the House of Com- 

This debate has been post- 
poned twice at Sir Winston's in- 

—— em ee ro 

foreign affairs in the near fu- 

The Prime Minister its° very 
well aware of the extent of the 
desire in the British Parliament 
that there shall be an early and 
positive response to the Soviet 

| an opposition question. 

which he himself wished to make.| would be an affront ta Britons 

;resentatives. They are to visit 

Too much importance certainly! arms factories and airdromes. 
Winston Churchill’s hopeful re-| ly pounced on Sir Winston, pro- | After any recipe has been tried 
marks in the Commons April 29/ testing that former Nazi‘general | and admitted to the family cui- . 
about top-level-discussions with| should be shown British military | sine it goes into this file—no more | quently stand in one another's | 

Secialist opposition immediate- 

Rather it Was a. brief answer to| who had fought Marshal Rommel. 

For sevéral weeks 

hardly a/himself with a vehemence such 
day has gone by without some as the Commons has not seen 
| member of Parliament — usually| from him for a long while. He 
|'a Labor member — pressing the! added fire to the verbal confla- 

| The Prime Minister defended 

cookbooks, but favorite, often- 
used family recipes are copied 

on recipe cards; kept in a small, | in most cities, which. know little 
handy card file in the kitchen.| about the work of all the similar 


had last summer when Aunt 
Ellen was here.” 

° * 

signed to give the people in the | 

powers normally exercised from | 2-™. As he does not 

as I, he makes 

We both go to business during has spent a few years f 

Bronx Park section more local | the day and’he feels he should himself, He is apt to be 
control over their own affairs in| 40 his share of the household little helpful ways which make 
education. For a specific period,| Chores. Our day starts at 5:15 you in turn want to do something 
ave to be a little extra for him. | 


| There was the night, for ex- 

central school headquarters have | # 
been delegated to the legally : the beds, starts the breakfast, ample, that he surprised me by . 

elected representatives of the / and prepares ‘sandwiches which having the potato salad all 

we take for our lunch, (We have 

people in the area. Initial results 
and use What we 

and the participation of more 

Russia. It was not a statement | secrets. They claimed his visit| hunting through several cook- | light. Careful analysis and tabu- 
_ books for a special rule for corn- | lating of these organizations and | 
bread or “that good casserole we| what they do is a preliminary 
| “must.” 

people. ) 
Analysis Checks Duplication be and flowers.) 

The existence of a quantity of 
overlapping good-works agencies 

my responsibility but he often 
makes the salad—considers him- 
self quite a selad maker, and he 
tis. He never protests-at fielping 
agencies, tends to confuse the | with the dishes because it gives 
public generally and they fre-| us more time to get started on 
one of our many household 
| projects. 
On Saturday, housecleaning 
day, he helps with the. usual 
| duties, He is good at shaking 
them ' rugs, mopping, and even dusting. 

Cooperation between 

for a company s 

a new house Perhaps he apprecia 
show greatly increased interest | e 

g y in ree | eave im fame money on the pur- extra stint of work in 
chase of house plants, outdoor ment the night before. 

times he forgets that 

various hooks at 

returned. to 
tainers, And 
sawdust which tri 
the floor after’ one 
sions with the saw 

‘to see everything neat 

'as we go along and 
‘bave to také the 
night was one of 
[he is learning! 

all of his 

The preparation of dinner is*tools have oa “on 
Nails have a ‘way Ppa & 

| ao 



and, ty 

Prime Minister to initiate talks/ gration by paying high tribute to 

| with Moscow, 

|. But expectancy ‘{s 
keener about Sir Winston's forth- 
(coming major announcement 
| about relations with Russia in 
ithe foreign affairs debate in the 
Commons. Debate was to have 
| taken place this week. Its post- 
'ponement at Sir Winston's re- 
\quest has only sharpened inter- 

growing /| lost his life fighting Hitler tyr- 

| Marshal Rommel as a man who | 


Abbott and Costelle Ge te Mars—Fiying @ 

Flays ‘Hatred’ View 

With color flaming in his 
cheeks, Sir Winston shouted at | 
the Labor benches: “This keeping | 
alive of hatred is one of the | 
worst injuries that can be done 

typical A & C 

saucers. ray guns, and 
@ alter stop 

gags whirl through s« 
at Marai Gras.—M.Y.C. 
Abbelt and Costelle Meet Captain Kidd 
—Averaze A & C comedy brightened 
with color. songs. and Charies Laugh- 
ton, having fun as Kidd.—M.Y.C. 
Above and Beyond—Lengtiry feature dea)- 



ih im 

Films in this Movie Guide are classified as (M) for mature Pam 
(Y) for young people, (C) for children. We have capttalized the 
titles of those pictures which our reviewers consider above average. 
— Movie Guide is updated every Thursday. 

sailors «a6- 

eee — 

by turning Saleme into 

ing with preparations for atomic bomb 
attack on Hiroshima and domestic 
-problems of commander.—M.Y. 
Against All Flags—Another improbable 
| color pirate tale in which British naval! 

War II incident involving 
signed to desert duty.—M.Y. 

Face te Face—Two pithy stories of char- | 
acter deveionment — satirical western 
by Stephen Crane, absorbing sea story 
by Joseph Conrad.—M.Y. 

Girls im the Night—New York back- 
grounds provide chief interest in rou- 
tine melodrama involving juvenile 
crime.—M. ¥. 

Grand Cencert—Russian picture with ob- 
vious elements of propaganda but some 
brilliant operatic voices and spectacu- 
lar scenes in color.—M. Y. 

| Gunsmeke—Hired unman feforms in 
routine western, distinguished by color 

aphy of cattle drive over pic- 
turesque mountains.—M.Y. 

Gangman’s Knet—Eficientiy contrived 
serles of melodramatic qents com- 

est that something of importance! 

i may be in the wind. to the peace of the world. 

He reminded the Labor op- 
‘Stirred by Rommel Issue | position that EDC had been 
M whil Sir Winston found | formed with concurrence of the 
“3 oe ry S, oF ne on ‘former Attlee government. Labor 
, , _Hirrseil at variance Wilh a large | members protested that surely | 
: meeting | wee ~ 
ais vendicda tatehanaae v | part of the Commons and, as it | Britain should wait till Germany 
pressure on the Prime Minister. | subsequently has transpired, with | wo A peor gr before in- | 
Labor leader Clement R. Attlee | a large part of Britain as a whole | etary nea rie =i 
is doing his enw e wee Be | on the matter of the imminent | papers holds that pling 7 cere | timid | tallor whe tames Hie Particu- 
' Ss oilowers, _ , : ; : tTiy Ope periormance Ov Jean mm 
~~ se esmgypel Me Attlee are. in Visit of one of General Field) haste in German generals being | , 0s Lavinia.—M.Y ey 
a ten in tneir | Marshal Erwin Rommel’s aides | given British arms information. | “**tt, Face ~ Tmplausible psychological | 
fact, very much in line in their; ve . | melodrama about lovely «irl whose 
rites . th tlook f eace to inspect British armaments. Even the Conservative Daily | enigmatic mentality brings destruction . 
| Views on ‘the -OUnlook *0F peac* | Sir Winston told the Commons | Telegraph, which is a stanch | 0% Derel? and others. ~My binine western’s simple motives with 
| talks. that Gen. Hans Speidel, who} Churchill supporter, implies criti- | “traits elo Sho 8 gga 
‘Stresses Peace Aim fought with Marshal Rommel inicism of the Prime Minister's 

ma soidiers.~—M.Y. 
ae ows Hiteb-Hiker—Realistic detail. implausible 
; |the western desert campaign of | defense of Marshal Rommel, | 
The Prime Minister’s own Con- 
servative followers are for the 

most part ready to accept ‘is 'British Financial Aid 

bartending bounder for- | 4  niller.—M_¥ 
table. Gel tastens | OW? judgment on the question o 
roach to peace talks. They see | 
Pestum todey. Cen- | app y 

2 cy seth lin his latest statement of April | Set in Kenya Struggle 

29 signs of a new interest in tak- 
|ing the initiative. 
| The Prime Minister is known | 

patent oes sasen ‘to be particularly anxious that | 
| the western powers shall not lose 


theme of 
ase. about —M.Y. 
s Back on Breadwe 
~ soggy Ho Be 
Star ‘ ’ 
this?) MY er 

| overtures, 

The Labor opposition in par- 
ticular is pressing him persist- 
ently to take the initiative in the 
current indeterminate period. 
The Parliamentary Labor Party 

Aprii 36, 1958 

Desert Legion—Heroics fall fat in well- 

photographed color tale because hero 
object of contrivance than 
moving force.—M Y. 

Fair Wind te Java—Eruption of Krakatao 
forms climax out of proportion to rou- 
tine melodramatics of color adventure 

Ma and Pa Kettle en Vacation—Incon- 
gruity of Kettle humor in Parisian set- 
ting @dds to merriment for admirers of 

series. —-M.Y.C. 

5 hero worship of 
stranaer forms basis of 
western, in areat tradition. 

with substantial human, dramatic. 
moral values.—M.Y. , 

Terpede Alley—-Tribute to submarine 
service combined with faltering story 
about sotnet pilot fighting sense of 


Officer routs Madagascar rascals, wins 
lady buccanerer.—M Y 
Ashere—Color musical in which 
Mickey Rooney as diminutive innocent 
perpetually victimised by two ship- 
mates. finally rescues and wins pretty 
daughter of soft-drink king.—M.Y. 
‘s faithful. generally entertaining 
version of Shaw's “fable play” about 


_ -——~e 

Its delicieus greie- 
rich flever ond rich 
Groma sey it belongs 

on every femily’s 

and desire for 
ap Bese Ne Seeemte BER. ef Wax—Gratuitously sensational 
and sadistic s in 3-D about homi- 

cidal maniac.—M. 

~ | How 


|April in Paris—Ray Bolger is bogeed 
| a in tedious musical somedy tale 

a without | 

VE MELVIN—New York settings in 
color add flavor to breezy youthful! ro- 
mance, with Donald O'Connor. Debbdie 
Reynolds strewing amiable songs and 
dances along way.—M. Y. 


torian ferce. brittle. im- 
probcbie done in the grand sivie.—M.Y 
Invasion, U.5S.A.—Inserts of official films 

By Reuters 

: London _ (| placed Kenya on a semiwar foot- | 
——— has announced new fi-|ing. Leftist .member Fenner! ,f°¢7*s 
" Fast. |Dancial measures to help keep | Brockway said the militant pro-| itself with unstarry 
« Puts On Blue Bonnet | ¥) 07 eiion? Sue 'to Foreign (enya solvent during the col-|gram is “only driving more Af-| PAL, sidan pedi 
a | ' ; _ |\OnY S critical struggie against the |ricans into sympathy with the g@attle Zene Marine Cor t 
To Get Most Secretary Anthony Eden's pres~ | anti-white Mau Mau terror cult, Mau Mau movement.” ea. Many actual combs 
. tl eel 
For The Money! 
POP 5 Tad OR Te se | 

about stuffy bureaucrat who falls for 
rine (Doris Day).—M.Y 
and Beautiful—Hollywood looks at 
in hard, 

work K . at 
ent absence through illness, Sir} Colonial Secretary Oliver Lyt-| Mr. Lyttelton snapped back: Cormes tied “together bx tral iota 
Winston. himself for the time 'telton’ told the House of Com-|“There is absolutely no justifica- | Slackbeard. the Pirate—Color adventure 
being has taken over full re-|mons that the government has/tion for that statement... . If| ‘#l¢, "tb mediocre. script hemverine 
sponsibility for foreign affairs. |increased by $1,400,000 its allo-|there were any truth in it, how! tthinm a iewenYt 
This gives him an added op- jcation to Kenya's colonial devel-\can Mr, Brockway. explain the| ™#e melodrama on hor- 
portunity and zest for progress jopment fund. | ever-increasing number of Home Sredients with routine tale about eadie- 
toward talks with Russia. Sir; In addition, he said, Britain is| Guard (loyal African troops)?” sher.—M. ¥ 
Winston has kept the Foreign |prepared to grant further finan-| Undeterred, Mr. Brockway, 
Office staff here busy with his re- {cial aid if Kenya could not pay|who visited the colony last fall, pany Wexter piays 4 
| quest for clarification of the re- |for the present emergency pro-|said the white-controlled press in| (Dy. Seti doubling tor king ing ; 
actions of President Eisenhower |8™am out of its own resources. -|Nairobi has expressed concern | Swans Devil Pull ‘ though inept. 
and Secretary. of State. John|_, Mr. Lyttelton, who visited the|over the abuse of emergency tions shows possibili- 
Foster Dulles to Russian peace |©@5t African colony last fall, said | powers. 
overtures. the will make another visit there; The Colonial Secretary re- 
plied: “Where we get evidence 

shortly to discuss progress of the 
Replied Under Pressure {**™ against the Mau Mau. fof these powers misused, 
In thé British view there has the culprit will: be visited with 

IB ne He rye bm ey 
— bY ” 
appeased: ww bee difference be- detail on emergency pow the utmost severity. 
tween House and the 
— 2 Private Dutch Firms 

e inted lier th th to 
faj. Gen, William Hinde which 
To Start Nuclear Study 

By the Associated Press | 

The Hague 
Private’ enterprise in the 
Netherlands will start partici- 
pating in nuclear research that 
so far has been mainly limited 

mistakenly ac- 


>» 4 

+ . -* 
oq . * - ° . . 
o-- - . - < 
rebe 1 erent 
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“— me a nae! | 



5 rabies poly tee Le 4 ae : bl ; a Je ain Mt he Ee rare ° 
- al a " > 1 ee >, oem is 7. » wt on 5% = ¥ £ ee 4 hy 
Seas + Se rhe! etd. BR ee? ere LO jn eee? Ta 
t; oP x” > 7 -¥ J , : ee fae S a 3 Sie F wg :. an a 





} Allies Eye New Prod as Armistice Talks Drag 

By Henry 8. Hayward toward the first order of business wounded prisoners that ensued— | of Woodstock, Va., a returnee. He ANTED—MEN ANTED—MEN 
|—selection of a neutral nation to} has evaporated. | said he left 75 friends in “pretty ane Ww WOMEN HELP W 

Chie/ Fer Eastern Correspondent of a Rinltiabien! 
The Christian Science Monitor -act as custedian for prisoners While deep pessimism has not! 00d shape” at a Yalu River) OPPORTUNITIES NOW OPEN PROJECT ENGINEERS 
Tekye who do not want to go home, yet set in, it seems just around|camp. Corporal Ritenour pro- ee established company located fe 

The Korean armistice talks are | Date the corner—unless the Commu-| vided their names and home Home Hampshire 
Double Rejection ‘nist delegates commence talking | addresses. industry cn iarout tnd insailtion of food 

not going well from the United —_ pecific, constructive| Japanese police, meanwhile . |>rocessing equipment: 

Stes. viewpoint Send another Pa XB, caged: rp Return girded for possible trouble May tions. Graduate engineers preferred. but | 
“recess is a possibility at any The Communists propose an Day as a result of scheduled : ni resume. listing cdvention 
time. Asian nation. The Allies say no. Delay Irks Gls ee ee —_ Pred lexperiene pond salary requirements | 

" The UN is continuing to urge “ » ’ ’ ’ — ~ 
of informed persons who follow the enemy to name its DeUIral. | on Line Switch” makes the | Medhhgodiums 100k over the 
But the Communists are reluc- | demonstration to engage in a} 
the Panmunjom maneuvers. tant delay 6n a complete armistice all | destructive anti-American riot in 

It is no secret that the Allied) ) 
eam Just in case they are thinking | the more trying. | Tokyo. 

—— oe eee on Gee 6 of an Asian ouuelie, the UN has | A sharp reminder that other; This year indications are that 
commenced April 26 rather than gone on record against the choice Americans remain imprisoned in | a clash between extreme rightists 
allow then to rewrn to the of any Asian nation because perrerd hands a, ae a = | Hs eet leftists Rew sg | 
, - th ll are too close to Com- | attained was provi ere by | foreigners making every effort $0 Binkeslee Ave. 

dreary, unproductive pattern cli- ‘ey all are | Col. George Everett W. Ritenour, | avoid accidental involvement. At. clude phone number. 
aine. | COUNSELORS for boys’ camp. qua 

maxed last October when the munist aoe | 
fad, probably 8 ect to modi- waterfront, dramatics. apay. 
eral; state 1. Spaueee 

Jong recess was put into effect. | ‘ 
And so far the talks have — gr eye te ro . ¥ eral, state experience. B 5. Mass 
» shown a distressing tendency to “cation e y | P t ih Ave. .¥. 
) anodadininiieeeal COLLEGE GRADS. TO 
vaders e Laos Fos esuuege Quays. to sam —| ere 
food house 

revert to their old pattern of of cooperating on other issues. , 
Agey., 183 Pork Ave., N.¥.C. | 

: useless bickering. ‘Neutral’ Neutral Sought | . . | understands _-" 
Exploratory Sessions + But the selection of a neutral 95 Miles From Ca ital : m. REAL ESTATE FOR SALE | Proton. rome ~eoaee 
It is remembered, however, is approaching a ridiculous im- | _ Norway St., Boston 15, Mass. TOS ALTOS. CALIF PLEASANT OUTLOOK HOME der 
that the sessions to date have passe. One side says Switzerland | By Reuters | Laotian seat of Luang Prabang . utiful in et Aris, |00-01 Ietth Bt. Holla, N. ¥ Hole eae 
been largely exploratory. Each jis a pro-Allied neutral. The other, . Luang Prabang, Laos | have captured another French-| minor duties, suburban pousehold, Boy \Gagstone house on f ) PAYING GUESTS 
The crucial battle for this | Laotian defense post—this one| bifi "ate “New Yorr 34.6 Y. 

side is still feeling out the other. | says - ~y can be -_. ve - ~ Lacs is only about 25 miles north of the 
And are reported Communist neutrals. And the wn, royal capital of Laos, - GEN. HOUSEWORK -COOK—Small, refined 
Gnofficially to feel thats Korean search for a “neutral” neutral,| likely to begin within the next | town. It was the third reverse | ‘family, country home, pleas. atmosphere; | 
y : . French spok suffered by the defending forces; 1m., bath; excel. salary. L. R. Stewart, 
cease fire can be hammered out | therefore, seems difficult indeed. 36 hours, a neh spokesman * Wells Hill. Westport, Conn. WE 2-5922. 
at Panmunjom eventually despite| This is the very type of seman-| here has said, in as many days. HOUSEKEEPER, good cook from June 18| 
all the difficulties tic argument that has kept the) Viet Minh spearheads were | The biack-clad invaders of/"1, gen 15. Gen room, bs 
. But they may be less hopeful truce talks hovering indefinitely | reported about 11 miles from | Lacs—one of the three French~| ‘ful Westchester, Salary $150 monthly. 
#hat a truce can be accomplished for nearly two years while the the town in one direction and associated states of Indo-China— ae ae 
at the present series of meetings. destructive, costly Korean war, within three hours sailing successfully stormed defenses at ns - Sawdon age ~~ Sg A 3} 
down the Mekong River in an- Muongsung as the possibility in-| sduits. Call Evens’ Decatur 2-221. ) EXETER N. H 
creased of an all-out assault by KITCHEN SUPERVISOR—Aast Dietitian | , 2 9re 

A recess—or at least a clear | drags on. | 
threat of one—might have a| The atmosphere of quick action | other direction, : th ae ty ; shee tat Sedae ek, 148 eae Bele. Geb 
v : . . . | : ; 
© week end on the residence | tox c-i4, One ‘Norway Bt. Boston 18.\| A Charming 1723 Colonial 

salutary effect in prodding the and optimism that permeated the | Sos hint Socialite ‘city of King Si Vv 
mmunists into quicker action, Panmunjom conference site dur- y the Assoctated Press city of Kin Savong Vong. ; al 
Comm q . Hanoi, Viet Nam The loss of Muongsung, in the| SITUATIONS WANTED—MEN | with Original Features 

some circles here aver, ing discussions over “Operation C tet} Vi Vinh 1} f the Namh bul 
Meanwhile, it is clear that the Little Switch”—and during the ommunist-led iet Minh’ valley of the Namhou River, was . Kina beavtitell anil 
talks have not yet made progress‘ actual exchange of sick and | troops sweeping toward the royal | announced shortly after a French gk 4, Administration , - “ae ee er ee 
‘ter — Army spokesman expressed cau-| married. 2 years’ exp. as administrative |] Write, G, A. Barker, 132 Water St. 

--——--- = | 64 weer assistant production engineer desires 
tious optimism about the general} Sotition with epportunits for advance- 

——- SS og 
ti , L| efTiur PAAR FTiAATL | ‘ One 

RESTAURANTS j save 2 Le cher| Svacaruiersaees "| "THE GOOD EARTH” | sus tiat-my fishnet nt 
——_—_—_—— entire soon. Wile or Jaw, 

|looking better,” but he did not |CAN YOU or your firm use part- or full- . 
—_ of able, experi-|ithin few fest’ of rout. stream, six-reom al Volta Pl. W.W., Wash. 7 
&¢- Colonial type home in excellent repair, all} DC Tel, AD 2-2779. 

thoroughiy versed in 
NEW YORK CITY Improved weather has per- and tax work? New York ares. iconveniences, in addition—barns and a 
¥. 36. N. Y. location | Priced 

ened Box X-36, 588 Sth Ave.. N. luded yet ient 
mitted French planes to bomb the ne eit. Duniap “& Bulkley, Clinten, 



invading colugns with Napalm, |)ANIFOR—Hossst conscientious, ia pree-l0, sccuut. 

| HAN KS Y | forcing enemy units to split into apt. house; work with oi] heat; pleasant NEAR MANCHESTER. VERMONT 
smaller groups. apt.. good wages. Box G-36, One, Nor-| attractive country home in converted 
way St.. Boston 15 Mass barn; spacious and comfortable, most 

May I take this opportunity | 
. On April 29, however, the ine 
of expressing my sincerest French command announced the | "ike challenging eammer empio a 2 baths wil 

gratitude to the readers of lent of Mendaeiee 
rs ' 2 miles; June 15-Sept. 15; art major; married, 43 

— Christian Science Monitor ‘north of Luang Prabang. The} 7*8** of ase; will go anywhere. Box 8-13, ostly woods: $18,000. Mrs. 
or a patronage. . day before, the French-Laotian ————— CW en vendors, a8 Inwood Ave., h zi 
Th , th ’ ppe tclair. ‘ : ’ 
anks also to those who, post at Pakseng, 42 miles north- | SITUATIONS WANTED WOMEN ALTOS. CALIF. Westfield, iW 3. WE 2-04 pret naaiee 

through numerous letters, are Los ; 
east of the royal seat, fell to the ¢ Modern baselite home, an abiheee Mi 
kind enough to adyise us that WAVERLY INN |} invaders. 7%), Desites emp, In Mt. Resort studio, | {2mily orchard. rare trees, flowe MO'te ‘scres, secluded. accessible: com!. 
they have seen our regular ! French supply planes still Avail. immed. 6 . Owned and oper. a a . 4 ; “3 bath, vity 
World Travellers wo ee LUNCHEON DINNER || rushed troops and war matériel| fut itl studio in Mam, Fis, Col-] Pedrooms : res : 
, and have enjoyed our service FAMOUS FOR CHICKEN PIES from Hanoi to Luang Prabang.| tractive, able to sell any os. in studio] Sress: ee ge ry sent. References, exchanged. a X-54, 
have sampled the pride of fa and food. ¢: Closed Sunday and Saturday Lanch [| The 6,000 inhabitants of the town one oat Seat ret Miss Sallye O'Neal. | —waitectift’ 28-4837. ee On Oe — 
Sincerely, fr : . . ; ; oa 
mous cuisines drool at the men-- 16 Bonk St., Bet. 11th ond 12th Sti. || Joined French and Laotain troops | _4% N._B. Sith st. Miami. Fis. Oriieiie, O-ceaen beeen cat, oldies 
| ' : West of 7th Ave. ce s-ox6 || Ugging ditches, stringing barbed |TEACHER — Mature young woman seeks) gcres. 8.800 net. Box H-24, 888 Fifth) © 
tion of Mutton chop at Keen's ‘wire, and erecting other defense om ign 4 Fem py ee tee Avenue. Néw York 36. N.Y. rege A yng MG 
mP fortifications. N.Y. State Cert. Common branches Feb. FOUR BEAUTIFUL SHORE LOTS on; ME” FIVE ISLANDS. 
... for it is truly a fabulous, a | ROSE KING, Mer, | In an attempt to increase the | 1953; business exper. also, Pleasé write} island in Casco Bay. Box #72, Cliff lly — ag Eg Rs 
| o BRONX N y Cc : , : M. Mock, 149 &. 3d Ave., Mt. Vernon, N.Y. Island, Maine. now: home cooking: boats free; board 
giorified chop .. . and a solid meal! 9 Ne Behe Preach Iniah of its air attacks, the TOUNG SEAGER AVANLABLE and rm, or cottages rented 
rench high command also has HOUSES FOR SALE 
Y moved squadrons of fighters and interesting. useful meummer “gork: : “ ROOMS AND BOARD WANTED 
bombers to airstrips at Luang| Gr'ver's Heense: free to travel. Tele- | WELLESLEY HILLS, MASS.—Custom-built vs ane 
; : hone MA neck 9-6339, Mamaro- . |ACTIVE, ELDERLY WOMAN desires rm.| ~.. 
) rl J QO Prabang and Vientiane, the ad-| heck. New York. f paw Me 3 arwe ‘bedrms: earate: and beard, vie. Richmond Hill, N.Y. 
screened porch; prettily landscaped Phone LYnbrook 98-4656. 

Keen's , ei-30W. 40h st 
57 W.4 Sed | : ministrative government seat of |BUSINESS WOMAN, many years’ experi- 
) ween tee wna Ras nf |\Laos, 140 miles south of the| ‘ee. auditing, bookkeeping, taxes, offers fo. Stad te ‘transbertation’ Sebecis “ene 
her services weekly, monthly, or aor shopping center. Realistically priced at 

Enjoy Good Food at Oh Joy King’s home 
| - , terly. Box G-16. 588 Sth Av..N.Y. 36, N.¥.| S29RDIME conler. ene a. 

ENGLISH CHOP HOUSE 54 Eest Fordhom Rood 
72 West 36th Street hpi PPRhspsk ‘| Tel, CY 5-1466 Air Conditioned | ‘ PROF. WOMAN, car. many capabilities. | eyanpeid. VA. (Yates Garden Aren)— 
: Bi w-vatamcmted bens Beenie King’s Capture Seen) £20 tin"tor tow weeks ater June 26| New brick, semi-detached (end house) | Christian Selene church; y. 
oO Pp E N ~ UN BD AY s Box C-27. One. Norway St. Boston 15 | #Vérage-size living room with freplace.| Box X-53, 588 Sth Ave. NY. 36. N.Y. 
i | By Reut : = ‘| dining ell. modern kitchen, 2 bedroom N. MASS.—Lovely front studio rm.. 
| 9 Reuters WOMAN, retired, will care and sit with! bath. ample closet space, full basement. . ; wate bath. Ideal 

i All r M. | BROOKLYN, N. - afternoons - evenings - hourly:|; % bath and iaundry. slate roof ri 

Caran re Pande Vientiane, Lacs seliable” experienced; references. Box; piping. 296, 1013 National 
- Dp r g FOR LUNCHEON & DINNER a. lees Buco i i Inc|, .2¢ mounting Communist of-| R-11, 588 5th Ave. New York 36. N. ¥.| Building. Washington 4, D. C. 
Met Only a; After os nance So — Brooklyn's Leeding a a around the royal capital | SOOKKEEPER, FC to Gen. Led.; experi- ARLINGTON, MASS.—4-beéroom Colonial 
‘ _ , ci . ; ect ; enc ma re typist. Phone Bookk near Bch and o> pro- 7--oCo-::e- 
. During Dinner enjoy a delicious o esnione Populer Priced ‘the pen ‘ae “e-> ~: to a = at ORegon 5-iig0, New York City. fessionally decorated, 2% baths, study. KLINE, MASS.—Attrec. : WM. N CALLA 
pture o ing sisavong ¢ sunroom, playroom with fireplace; oll) rm., twin beds, bethrm fir, ee: ALL TYPES 

Sut For The Sunday meal amid a charming + SPREE p- 
Entire Evening : | atmosphere of early Americana. 330 Fulton Street | Vong, a French officer said. oa a - ng ~- De. heat and many extras, including large! pkg. Bus. people pref. Refs. LO 34 W. 22 St.. New York Res a 
Brookiyn WN. ¥. | An all-out Communist attack! 36. N. ¥. lot; asking price yer 9 Call owner for| -Asy HARTFORD, CONN.—Room for gen 
appointment. AR 5-5536. tleman, convenient to Aircraft; refer- IRIS 
anged. Phone 8-2979 

WHEN YOU HAVE DINNER ft rot Est since 1908 Open every day Main 5-958’ on Luang Prabang, the strategic |NURSE-COMPANION—Educated, capable. 
AT ROSOFF’S | city on the Mekong River prob- UN 5-8495 mornings or Box P-22 588 wp me MASS.—10 miles from/ ences exch ; N : ~4 
, | labiy will come bef the | Fifth Ave. New York 36, N. Y. Boston, $13.800. 6 rooms and small den. ivy ¢.—Large room semi-private) Wabash, Golden Majesty, Gudrun, 
Eatve TOUS es 9 a FOREST HILLS, L. * N,. y.|? * Cc age e a - a yy eS oe : Ss o— Park; nest) Shine Maid. Missouri. $3.00 deliverec 
- oy ate | 38th ST. and MADISON AVE. MU 32-1551 | : \is out, some French officers said.| team ofl b @reviace. pine panelled : : : . Catalog. Evans Iris Garden. 
ty M. to (guy, our all Bugnt a 300 EAST Sih ST at 2d doe PL 9-3584 | po gggogggeoegengggnongs They expressed grave doubts;his release as Atlantic Pact ving seen. pear eee beach. private . ¥. C, (Riverside Dr. ‘ Box 4011-M, Cleveland 23, Ohio. 
gg | 12 EAST 45h ST. of Filgh doe PL 3-0181 |that the outnumbered French,} commander of Central European |_perty. PResident 35-2430. ape Fas, Soper. Weees See J PO 5-138. 
FOR SALE—4-room cottage or year-rqund| _°°°S™: > _— § +— ae 

Hippodrome Ga . 1 = | DANBURY CONNECTICUT. Reopens May fot | “ | backed by Laoti ill b ble 1 f ~ 
th Ave. COMPLETE & ueens' Most ae y dans, Will be abie/ land forces. : screened- iazza HINGTON : - “ SPECIALIST” 
STEAK DINNER 3295 | The Red Barn, Westport.Conn..Open All Year KS , ished |to hold it. (Political controversy over the pment Be a . = = at i shone 3 oy va bain. Double % PL de 
‘Distinguishe __A French garrison guarding| handling of the long-weary Indo- | Agawam Lake, Wareham. Call Brockton| of single, Convenient trans. RA 3-629.) SEnl Bey 0d sles moconers your old 
| 89¢5-J or write J. Mather, 117 Cross 8t..| wAsHINGTON. D. C.—Nicely furn. studio} sonabie gE. T. mane i308 Secon 
Near First and; Ave. (ton Bt). N. ¥. C RH 

( Prime Girlein Steak) BOBS = Pee | Restaurant the approaches to the city and China war may burst into the | 89¢5-J or write 
only miles away has been/ open in an early National As- GARDEN CITY’ LONG ISLAND — Pive Porth urches. AD 2-9234 or AD 4-9534. 

, 147 W 43 St 
ROSOF t ; TIMES SQUAE | evacuated, French press reports! sembly debate. The Assembly years old, six-room brick and athe: ROOMS WANTED: . 

| said April 30. Viet Minh spear-' reassembles May 12.) Colonial: attached garage, 1% baths: 

heads have come to within 15 | | Bear school and station; - MATTRESSES BASS OVER 
7 . . parpet. lace; transferred. W. HARTFORD, CONN. er vie-—Rm. and l-da free estimat 
miles of Luang Prabang. Danish-Built Vessel GA 1 OeTR” wegis> sagen board, or with kit. privil., for refined; THE oN MATTRESS COMPANY 
on | King Refuses to Leave : _ |DAVENPORT, FLORIDA—Attractively fur-| 847. Phone 3-0314. | eee 
sae Our any) King Sisavong, fanatically re- Delivered to Russia ~ eel ee ee a MOVING AND STORAGE — 
ee eal ligious, refuses to leave his pal- refrigerator: garage; low taxes; land-| ~ ona as rene <6 
BSTAS. lee __Bake Shop_| ace, believing that, if the sacred OS ee scoped. B. B. Titus. 
Open 11 A. M. to 8:30 P. M. SPOT SEB EE rouge a. golden Buddha housed there is | Copenhagen (pOUGLASTON. L_ 1. N. ¥— Emmacu- 
Our Special BROAD STREET $9.90 | usens Dive. Cor. 7ist XG. | lost, this country is lost, too, The| Denmark has turned over to; }**¢,* "oom—® Walk to. i = 

Forest Hills, L. 1. BO 3-6100_ | Buddha is his pledgé of victory, | Russia the fourth super-modern | schools. $25,000, 240-29 Alameda Ave. 
15 EAST 48th STREET TERS. wif, F. Poleteds BALALILLALL IL 5) and he believes its presence wil] | cold-store freighter built by Co- | 34 9-309. L. CURTH G SON 
Complete Table d’Hote CURRY of SHRIMP BOMBAY $2.45 | |defeat any invasion attempt,| penhagen’s big Burmeister and "RAR, Tht ested grounds, Pays ins| 218/246 Merten 8. Soo 
ROOMS AVAILABLE FOR MEETINGS | NIAGARA FALLS. N. Y, | French officers here said. |Wain Shipyards under a 1947| come as guest house. Mrs. Ruth Lyman. 
Ne nv woman, Seasoned officers say never | Danish-Soviet trade agreement. 

For 5 te 250 PEOPLE ‘before in the Indo-China war' The vessel is of 900 tons dead- HOUSES TO LET 

lage ona ee | 
Luncheons from 90c 3 FLOORS OF BANQUET SPACE We Specialize in Southern Cooking | has there been such a show of| weight. The fifth and last ship ~~ ~~ : 
LOS GATOS. CALIF.—Attractive home, 

Eat, relax én sbetions surroundings 
7 . 5 unity as there is behind the) of the type to be built here for 
Friendly Atmosphere, Deluxe Service Ohe MARIGOLD King. But general opinion is that | Russia will be launched * : come, furn “SB: rm study, iv dia 
ase give 

Parking Available After 6 P M. 223 Second St. Ph. 6454 
sed f ore Y Luang Prabang may not with-| i, garden June 1-Oc 

Z 32UU 

Sat. and Sen. | ' Niagara Falls. 6. Y¥. Niels Munck, president of Bur-| '™. Lana ~. 
Open Sunday | | ‘stand the full force of the rebel meister and Wain, said a 13,000-| Pererences, Write Horton, Box 80), Les 
—— - 54 Broad Street HA 2-1199 | . Cafeeria attack. ton tanker will be launched this Gatos (Calif.). $ 

ee ye Lunch 11:45 to 1:30 ’ | a 
| » we . ; seq ery |WIN STER. MASS.—3-bedroom furn. 
Dinner $ to 7:30 The Communists control at | summer for sub uent deliv cote Penced-in yard: near SP 

Sundavs: least one-third of Laos and are | to Russia. trans. Lease required, WI 6-1715-M. 
Lunch 12 to 2:30 || approaching the borders of Bur-| Delivery of a similar tanker 
Dinner $ to 7:30 || ™a and Thailand. Thailand, | to Russia in the summer of 1952 APARTMENTS TO LET 

ay y_ Oe ; sh, \ TEAR AR where thousands of Viet Namese eee 8 4 go ge ne mo gag nr Sa eR 
ad | : fi ont ining m refugees have fled, is only 60 ) c nge wi e ni es. \F : . ° room apt. 
x eATOW aM! .. se fe gy Fa ~ miles from the pagodaed city of |The United States Government | eg ete ere aeome bath aed 
>, ae | ——— ——————— | Lunag Prabang. Same out it sag | om off fur- lavatory for diserimipating taste, Rental |} 
In the Hotel Grosvenor ao | Blow to Morale Seen mer a6 oe antic Fact —— 
: : BALTIMORE, MD.—Cheerful ist . apt. 
FIFTH AVE. AT TENTH ST. GR 3-6000 | Guaieus ack. MIDDLETOWN, CONN. | In Vientiane, 105 miles south |SQUniTy under the Battle Act, /fooms, bath. front porch. Neer trans. 
| a. mreannanannrmnnne! of the besieged royal capital. | CN Dars SHIipmMent OF Strategic | cal) Chesapeske 3480° after 6 p.m. ! 
MOTHER'S DAY DINNER, $1.50-3.75 8 y pat, | goods—such as tankers—to the a 
Breokfest-Lunch $1 up + Dinner $1.50 up ||| Cleanest in Greenwich Village Pow'll tike cating at Middletewn’s ahiiaee| there are also fears that the | Soviet bloc. be ag Pr yey yt, 
: Communists will overrun this; sy the end President Truman| St. off 867 Beacon St. Tel. CA 17-0640. 

Private Dining Rooms for Occasions | | ’ 
: | Peake’s Food Shop UNITED RESTAURANT pt - —_ ve a drive to the | decided it would not be in Amer- BRONX, N. ¥.—2-room apartment. busi- 

b 6 Moderote ’s i 
 hitieelapheieeee AIR-CONDITIONED If King Sisavong ts captured, | in this particular case. | section. Subway. $90 month, PO 7-499. 
Open 7 AM.-8 P.M.—Closed Sundays Next to Post Office the Communists will be able to : WELLESLEY. BAGG. — ¢-rm._ | 
SIXTH AVE., between Sth ond 10th Sts. || ‘issue declarations in his name. | : ; Convenient. Call eves. Willesiey §-1372. 
Bae Savage mA — ‘Danish Editor Sentenced nha 
‘on the morale of the. whole | : . APARTMENTS 8 
TV We TREATS Fre EE _NEW CANAAN, CONN. | Laotian people,” a senior French | In Revolt-Instigation Case . Po , 
_ it aie offiical said | Ba the associeteg Pres __—_|N. YC. Fark ve, <aPn)—3'6 furaiahed. 
A, IV\ jones (Gen. Charles Lecheres, chief | ' Copenhagen lights. PLaza 5-7854. 
alle A * rgd ultte of French Air Staff, left Paris| Communist magazine editor. 
EA) WS! ry S-—- And to 1% ge of the ving Voigt has been sentenced APARTMENTS TO SHARE 
FOR FOOD'OF QUALITY =—«-_ | grees, | tO hard-pressed | to four months’ imprisonment on |<>~¢ Wechlagien, Sesate—Laree room 
| , charges of instigating the mutiny oman 
New Coneen, Comm.) ounting signs that a political | in Denenaeics leenel forces last| ferred. Tel evenings, SP 1-361, 
11:20 te 2:30 storm is brewing over the conduct | February. 
5:30 te 8:30 ~| of the war. Mr. Voigt was convicted of 
12:30 te 8:00 , eggs byes was Fags pt or approving six articles 
Delicious food meticulously prepared |ustra y e news calling on enlisted men to pro- 
eR Ne li France’s top soldier, Marshal | test extension of Denmark’s mil- 
iquor served Alphonse Juin, may go to Indo- | itary service period from 12 to 18 
, Closed Mondays Tel. 9-0973 | China for an extended time to| months. Hundreds of soldiers 
help to ighten out the situa- | throughout the nation took part 
tion. probably would mean | in the February demonstrations. 

India-Pakistan to Talk Peace (=: 

iL i AmOMIAI. 
7 i.’ ¥ 7 
, iD 



Closed Sundays OM Pe * ang . SPRUE MEM 
LINCHEON—DINNER SPinel i, Wubs said : , MY AWE! 
- —— a | ‘ wip OlP hip 

EAST, OF SUEZ | "eaceiraao 

AT {TS GEST a” + te vm 

ee eee 
> ; ~d * ‘ 




Finance — Business 

Civilian Business Main Factor in GM Sales Rise — Market Tends Lowe 

CM Reports 
Record Sales 
For Quarter 

By the Associated Press 
New York 

General Motors Corp. has re- 
ported record sales for the first 
three months of 1953 and said 
the increase was almost entirely 
due to expansion of its peace- 
time business. 

More GM cars and trucks were 
sold in the first quarter than in 
any comparable period 
1950, Harlow H, Curtice, presi- 
dent, and Alfred P. Sloan, Jr., 
chairman, told stockholders in) 
the quarterly report. | 

Sales of cars, trucks and other | 
GM products reached an all-time | 

high of $2,546,854,722. Mr. Cur- | 

tice and Mr. Sloan said the rec- 
ord dollar vohime resulted in 
part from easing of government | 
restrictions earlier this year) 
.which made possible a sharp in- | 
crease in civilian goods produc- 

Net income totalled $151,261,-. 

876 for the first three months, | 

equal to $1.70 a common share. 
This compared with $127,023,260 
or $1.42 a share in the first quar- 
ter of 1952 when sales amounted 
to $1,793,085,048. 
Return on Sales Lower 
The percentage of profit in re- | 
lation to sales dipped to 5.9 from 
7.1 in the year-ago quarter. 
The report laid heavy stress 

since | | 

| minion Oxygen Company, Ltd. 


States Warned 
On Funds For 

Special to The Christian Science Monttor 
New York — 

States have failed to follow 

sound fina ate i in set- 

up unem insurance 
with the on 2 that their control 
over benefits is being under- 
mined and their dependence on 
the federal government is grow- 
ing, according to the Tax Founda- 
tion, a private, nomprofit re- 
search organization. 

In a new study, “Financing 
Unemployment Compensation,” 
the foundation urges every state 
to investigate its unemployment 
compensation program for pos- 
sible defects. 

“The high levels of wages and 
employment resul from the 
war and defense effort in the 
United States have destroyed the 
balance between income and out- 
go in the unemployment accounts 
of most states,” said the founda- | 
tion, noting that swelling reserves | 
have been accompanied by an in- | 
/erease in benefits and reduction | 
of employer tax rates. 
| “Some states have set benefit 
schedules at such high levels | 
that tax rates would have to be) 
substantially increased if a re-| 
cession occurred,” the founda-| 
tion asserted. “It is ang Se reed 
bill for the quarter was $346,-| Which are turning to the eral | 
000,000, This, it was noted, was|8overnment for. financial aid, 
more than double the amount of | thus opening the door to nation~ 

Fabian Bachrach 

H. Beach Carpenter has 
been elected president of the 
American Sugar Refining Com- 
pany, succeeding Joseph F. 
Abbott, whe was elected chair- 
man of the board and will con- 
tinue as chief executive offi- 
cer. Mr, Carpenter joined the 
firm in 1928 and has been 
general counsel since 1929 and 
vice-president since 1941. He 
is also a director of Equitable 
Life Assurance Society. Wil- 
liam F. Oliver, vice-president 
since 1949, was elected execu- 

ucts Company, a division. of 
Union Carbide and Carbon, 
since May, 1952. He is also a 
director and president of Do- 

Westinghouse Electric Corpo- 
ration has a net profit 
of $16,858, for quarter 
ended March 31, 1953. This 
resents an increase of 8.9 per t 
over the $15,485,000 income for 
the corresponding period last 
year, according to Gwilym A. 
Price, president. Sales rose to 
$382,226,000 from $323,820,000, or 
by 18 per cent. 

Net income per share for the 
March quarter was $1.04 on 15,- 
765,116 common shares. In the 
quarter period for a year ago, 

met was equal to 96 cents a 




equal to $1.92 a common share| Warren Lee 


the quarter 

share on the 15,549,697 common 
shares then outstanding. 

New Head of Firm 

Taxes amounted to $29,271,000 

in the latest quarter compared | 
with $27,763,000 in the 1952 | 
months. ) 

Republic Steel Corp. announced | 
consolidated net income for the 
March quarter this year in- 
creased to $13,779,049 from $11,- | 
759,513 for the corresponding | 
1952 quarter, 

Net for the 1953 period was. 
equa! to $2.26 a share on com- | 
mon stock and to 4.7 cents a dol- | 
lar of sales, which amounted to | 
$292,918,852, the highest for any 
like period in company history. | 
Net for the 1952 quarter was 

and to 4.5 cents a dollar of sales. 
Inland Steel Co. reported for 
ended March $31, 

Bleckstone Studios 
Ford Kurtz has been elected 
president of 

chairman of the board of the 
Bowery Savings Bank, was 
elected a director of the 

Pierson said. Net 
loss for the three months was 

| $1,326,191 against a net loss of | Aied Strs3 
$1,405,476 for the like period a 

| Seldom 

| Today's Transactions as Selected and Compiled by the Associated Press 
| Stks 

| Abbott L 1.0q 12 

| Alr Reduce 1.40 
Alleg L Stl 2b 

on relaxation of government 
curbs on civilian production 
which “permitted manufactur- 
ers to make all the civilian prod- 
ucts for which they could secure 

“For the first time in more 
than two years,” Mr. Curtice and 
Mr. Sloan said, “General Motors 
had the opportunity to step up 
its preduction to levels more in 
line with customer demand.” 

Also contributing to increased 
sales was continued’ general 
prosperity with employment and 
national income at high levels, 
they asserted. 

GM's two top executives added 
that “from the standpoint of the 
future progress of the business. 
the most significant reason for 
GM's increased volume of busi- 
ness in the first quarter was the 
excellent public .acceptance of 
the 1953 products.” 

Tax Bil] Twice Net Income 

Prices of 1953 models are 
either the same or lower than 
prices on counterpart 1952 mod- 
els and “compare even more fa- 
yorably with prices of competi- 
tors’ cars than they did on the 
average before the war,” they 

GM’s federal and foreign tax ' 

SE ~=_—- ll 

— —-———— 

Newton Group 

In Juvenile Violence Problem 

Special to The Christian Science Monitor 

Newton, Mass. 

A Newton human relations 
committee studying race tensions 
and juvenile delinquency in this 
community has put the blame for 
recent outbreaks of juvenile vio- 
lence squarely on the bad in- 
fluence of parents and adults in 
general. : 

In.‘an outspoken report re 
‘ Jeased today, ‘the Committee on 
Human Relations of the Newton 
Community Council said _ that 
“adult attitudes are unquestion- 
ably the background from which 
the problems of our children 
arise, certainlv with respect to 
tensions and the development of 
the gang spirit.” 

The committee's study was set 
off by the brutal beating of 
Stephen Berger by a gang of 
other teen-agers while on his 
way home from a dance at Tem- 
ple Emanuel on Feb. 7. 

‘Nencommittal Attitude’ 

“Many ‘nice’ homes appear to 
foster attitudes or discrimination 
that provide a source of tacit 

approval for similar attitudes on | 

the part of children,” the report 
said. “In such a soil, hostile atti- 
tudes inevitably flourish.” 






» * 

net income. With state and local | @lization of unemployment com~ 

levies added, taxes accounted for | pensation.” sae #8 
nearly 1544 per cent of the gross|. Other states, the study said, | 
revenue for the first quarter.|have overfinanced their pro-|,. , 
Payments to suppliers of parts | Tams and that this “makes em |Prices of Farm 
and materials took 491 per cent: | vulnerable to pressure to liberal. | 7 
wages and salaries paid the cor- | 'z¢ benefits beyond a point com- | P roducts Decline 

2 P.C. in Month 
By the Associated Prese 

tive vice-president. 

poration’s 544,806 employees 27% | patible with state wage scales 
per cent, and dividends to stock- | 2d the maintenance of incen- 
holders 3% per cent, while 1% | tives to seek and hold jobs. 
per cent was set aside for depre-| Given good economic condi- 
ciation and 2% per cent was re-| tions, Colorado could finance 
tained for use in the business, | Denefits for more than 17 years; Farm product prices took a 2 
GM’s civilian business ‘without any additional tax col-/ per cent tumble between mid- 
from $1,467,000,000 in the first|/¢ctions, Montana almost 17/| March and mid-April for the big- 
three months last year to $2,091. | 7&@rs and Idaho over 10 years,| gest monthly downtown since 
000,000 in the first quarter this | Said the foundation. Even if bad the Eisenhower administration 
year, while sales of defense goods | es should come, Montana | took over. — 
increased from $326,000,000 a could finance benefits for 12) The ‘Agriculture Department 
year ago to $456,000 000 ‘ years, Minnesota almost six reported this in a market survey 
Unit sales for the first quarter years, and Colorado eight years which showed cattle prices con- 
included 691,485 passenger cars| Without collecting a cent more | tinued a decline that has been 
and 150.971 trucks and coaches, | = _taxes. sharp and the cause of much con- 
all GM plants in the | The foundation said the un- (cern in government circles. It 
also has been the subject of much 

United States, as against 414,152 

employment compensation. sys- 

‘domestic passenger cars and|‘e™ js based on two principles 

108,073 trucks and coaches a year 

Despite this sharp increase in 

against the risk of short-term un- 

| employment re age pe avg oe! 
ing a 
‘production, stocks in hands ot) ere one, $*) oa oar ote 
dealers have remained at low | 
levels at a time when they are 
usually high‘in anticipation of 
the spring selling season, the re- 
port said. 

states rather than the federal 

| government. 

apdized by poor financing prac- 
| tices in current unemployment 

criticism in Congress. 

(1) it is an insurance program | 

The general level of farm 

| prices in mid-April was about 3 

/per cent below 

most efficiently carried on by the | 

Both these principles are jeop- | 

that in effect 

when the present administration 
| took office in January. 

Last month these prices ad- 

vanced 44 of 1 per cent to halt a 
long decline. 


During the last year of ‘the 
administration farm 

prices dropped 12 per cent. 

1953, net income of $6,805,150, 
or $1.39 a share, on sales and 
other revenues of $135,855,115. 
For the like 1952 quarter net in- 
come was $6,936,470, or $1.42 a 
share, and sales and revenues 
totaled $123,652,436. 

Union Bag & Paper Co. had for 
the quarter ended March 31, 
1953, net income of $2,691,568, 

shares of capital stock now out- 
standing. Net for the like 1952 
quarter was $2,642,392, or $1.49 
ja share, present share basis. Sales 
‘increased from $24,981,738 to 
| $25,831,814. 

Trans World Airlines produced 
record gross revenues af $39,566,- 
, 457 in the first quarter of 1953, 
/compared with $31,389,176 in the 
|1952 quarter, TWA 

year ago. Volume of business 
broke all records in the first 
quarter, increasing to 586,535,000 
revenue passenger miles from 
436,606,000 last year. 

| American Airlines, Inc., re- 
ported net income of $1,889,000, 
‘equal to 24 cents per common 
jshare for the first quarter, com- 
pared with $984,834 or 10 cents 

or $1.52 a share, on the 1,771,206} a share in the same period of 

1952, Total revenues of $44,505,- 
000 compared with $39,303,000 
‘in the March quarter a year ago. 

Berkshire Fine Spinning Asso- 
ciates, Inc., in the first 
had a net income of 
equal to 43 cents per common 

|share on sales of $18,738,519. In | 

ithe first three months of 1952, 

het income amounted to $8,721 t 
Chairman | and sales totaled $13.773.330. 

Over-the-Counter Securities 

Industrial Stecks 
Bid Asked 

American Hardware Co 165, 
American Research & Deve] 
American Wringer 
tTAmoskeag Common 
tAmoskeag Company pf 
Art Metal Construction 
Associated Transport 
Automobile Bank CorpA 
Bates Manufacturing 


Berkshire Fine Spinning 
Boston Real Estate Tr 

In addition to cattle prices, 
other commodities which lost 
ground during. the past month 
included milk, butter-fat, some 
grains, potatoes, and some vege- 
tables. Commodities which went 
up a little, but not enough to 
offset the effect of those which 
declined, included hogs, lambs, 
eggs, and rice. 

insurance programs, the study 
| asserted. 

“A sound and productive ap- 
proach to unemployment com- 
pensation as insurance,” the 
_foundation study continued, “in- 
| volves spreading the cost of un- 

“Homes which pride them-| employment benefits over the 
| Selves on lack of prejudice ought, | business cycle. This allows a 
we believe, to do something sufficient period of time for in- 
more than to adopt a noncom-/ come to balance anticipated ex- 
mittal attitude with respect to! penditures. If the balance be-~- 
this major problem, for it is from | tween income and outgo is not 
such families that the leadership | maintained, the system either will 
for Scouting, P.T.A., Adult Edu- | become insolvent or accumulate 
cation groups, etc., should come,” | vast unnecessary reserves. 
the committee added. “Examples | Either of these conditions oper- 

Cites Parents 

ceived by farmers in mid-April 
Was 259 per cent of the 1910-14 
average, compared with 264 per 
cent in mid-March, 290 per cent 
in mid-April last year, and the 
record of 313 per cent in mid- 
February, 1951, 

The general level of prices 

The general level of prices re- | 

set by such persons would go a 
long way towards improving at- 

titudes in the community gen- | 


Rising juvenile delinquency, 
the city’s other chief problem in 
this connection. calls for a new 
group work approach because 
of the bitterness, hatred, and hos- 

| ates to the detriment of both em- 
| ployers and employees.” 

The unbalance is indicated by | 

| the fact that only 62 per cent of . 

the state unemployment taxes 
collected throughout the nation 
| from 1938 to 1952 were spent for 
benefits. In 1952, just 73 per cent 
of tax collections were spent for 

paid by farmers for goods and 

services used 

and in production was reported 
at 279 per cent of the 1910-14 

average in mid-April, 

in family living | 

| Boston Wharf Company 44 
| Boston Woven Hose and Rubber 
| Brown Durrell! 
| Campbell A S Co Inc 

Chapman Valve Manufac 
| Collyes Insulated Wire Co 
+ Colonial Stores 
| Consolidated Renderihg 
' Crowell-Collier Pub Co 
| Dewey & Almy Chemical Co 
| Draper Corp 
Dun and Bradstreet 
Durez Plastic & Chemica! 
Exolon Co 
| Fruit of the Loom 
| Giddings & Lewis Mach Too! 
| Graton & Kpight Co - 
, Graton & Knight Co pr pf 

Grinnell Corp 

rrington & Richardson 

| Heywood-Wakefield Co 
| Heywood-Wakefield Co pf B 
| Hollingsworth and Whitney 
| Jones & Lamson 
| Kaiser Stee! 
Kaiser Stee! preferred 
Kendall Company 
Landers Prary and Clark 
Long Bell Lumber 

) Marlin Rockwell 
Moxie Company 
National Shire snopes 

compared | Naumkeag Steam 

with 281 per cent ini mid-March | New England Lime 
and 289 per cent in mid-April 
last year. 

Newmarket Manufacturing 
Nicholson File Company 
Northwestern Leather 
Photen Inc 


tility of some youngsters against | benefits. 

established institutions, the com- 
mittee stated. 

Recommendatiofis of the com- 
mer for an approach to both. 
problems are, briefly: | 

1. bb 5 insure the committee's | i A et ae ah to | 
continued existence by giving it | =“ 

Ne city | . In 1952, International Nickel 

financial support ity; 
pport of the city; | Go. of Canada supplied more a Secretary of the 

2. To review city laws to 
y redh. per cent of the nickel used in| Humphrey has disclosed who 

police can be the free world for the third suc-'| 

|whether the 
| Strengthened in dealing with ju-| cessive year stockholders were | DOught the Treasury’s new 3% 

venile délinquency; told at the firm’s annua] meeting | Per cent, 30-year bonds designed 
Recreation Expansion | here. to soak up savings. 

3. ‘To review the existing city| Dr. John F. Thompson, chair-| 4 ‘Treasury official ‘Wescril 
recreation program for possible|™2n of the board, said that in y escribed 
expansion: | the last three years, the company | 

4. To consider a renewal of | @elivered _ nearly 100,000,000 
“detached group work” as con- | POUnds more nickel. than the 
ducted in Newton a few years | 2mount delivered over any prior 
ago: beige =" Pee - 

5. _| Wor ar ' veries of 
munity Chest appropriations for| Bickel last year. totaled  249,-| £0" gash or to government trusts, 
the “Y” to step up work with 900,000 pounds, Mr, Thompson i to in % uals, partnerships 
 Aipeniee: said. ees anak accounts, Mr. 

te “Some of our  peace-time, — 
the de ond oso on '0 | markets have been lost,” Mr.|_. The next biggest lot, of nearly | 

7. To increase support of the|720™pson said, “but only $215,000,000, was bought by non- | 
Community Centers and the t¢™porarily. Some may have banking corporations and pension | 
|Family Service Bureau: and been permanently diminished or | trusts. Dealers, brokers and in- 
|B Tebave theah ool commit. | even permanently lost. But we vestment houses took the third 

| tee give additional support to the | Will discover new fields and cer- biggest part of the cash issue, a) 
|City’s guidance and counseling | : 
paredness demand decreases. | 
eee . Commenting on the competi- Events Scheduled 
N.E. Electric Net n In Greater Boston 
Hi h f Y. Thompson said: “My experience 
ener {Or CaP with this type of competition is 
The New England Electric | any one commodity tend to ex- 
System reports* consolidated net! pand the markets for all.” 
$1.24 per common share, com- 
pared with $9,798,404 earned in 


Nickel Firm Holds 
High Output Level 

Humphrey Discloses 
Purchasers of New 

U.S.3% P.C. Bonds 

By the Associated Press 


tion’s first long-term security as 
“reasonably satisfactory.” 

| The biggest single amount, 
nearly $255,000,000 worth of the 
$1,187,840,000 of the bonds sold | 

tain uses, at present small, wil] | little over $158,000,000. ) 
program which needs adequate Ye sreatly expanded as the pre- a 
facilities and personnel. 

tion being given copper by alu- | 

minum and stainless steel, Mr. 

Pr blic leetu ch istian 
ee ene ‘velopment and sales effofts on| Ti an Belenee’ Board 6 

income for the 12 months ended 
March 31 of $10,123,314, equal to |'Some Steel Product 



gas properties. 
He said there was a 5.5 per Totals 3,006 

cent boost in 

‘from industrial and 

Sales and a 7.8 per cent increase 
from residentia] sales. 

* > 

t Nin vag 


2 & e > P w 
“ ‘bw Tos “- 
af : bp ME - he aN) — wo @ es 
% ? ‘*_ ¥ 5 7 wer” ~ 
. ~ teens we se hy FE c so) ee eP. ’ , - 
Werk: a hae wr. # ie et rms , 
.*. nes a es Sf 3 wi \ Rey a he - 


' Sou hern Adv. 
Treasury | Sprague Elec. 

Pm wah m. 
‘4 ae 

Plymouth Cordage Company 
| Portsmouth Steel 

Quincy Mkt. Cold Stor. & W 
| Reece Corp. 

| Reed Prentice 

| Remington Arms 
| Ruley -Btoker 
Rockwell Manufacturing 
Saco Lowell Shops 
Sagamore Manufacturing Co. 
Scott & Williams 

Simplex Paper Corp. 

Co. Inc. 


mpax Inc 
Texas Gas Trans. Corp 
Thompson's Industries pf 
Timely Clothes I 
Transcontinent G P Line Corp. 
US Envelope Company 6 
US Envelope Co 7 pf 


| Verney Corp. 
| Wamsutta Mills Inc. 

purchases of the new administra- | oe oe 

Warner & Swasey Co. 

West Point Manufacturing 

West Virginia Prod. 

West Virginia Water Gérvice 

Wevyerheuser Timber 

Whitin Machine Works 71%, 
XD-—Ex-dividend: t—Not qualified 

sale in Massachusetts. ¢€ 




t I) Chi 

| Corn Bagh 3 

pire Tr 
Pst Nt (Bos) 
Pst Nat Chi 6 
Pst Nat NY .20a 
Guaranty Tr 3 
Hanover Bk 4 

10% | N Y Fire (1.20) ¢ 

| A¥eliated Pund Inc 

s | Commonwealth Iny Fd 


! Mass Life Pund 
| Mutual Pund. Boston 

" Bid Asked 
| Nat Union (2) ‘ 

18% | New Am Cas (1%) 

| New Hamp (2b) iS 
| North River (1.20) 
Northeast Ins (‘«g) 

= | Northern Ins Ja 

| Pacific Fire 3a 
Pac Indem 3 

| Phoenix 3.40 
Prov-Wash 1.404 
Rein Cor NY 30a 
Rep Ins Tex 1.20b 
St Paul FAM 80a 

Westch'ter 1 


Investment Trusts 




American Express 
Americen Business Shares 
Axe Houghton Pund 
Baystate Coro 

Blair & Co 

Blue Ridge Mut Fd 

tiond Inv Tr of America 

, Broad Street Investing 

Sullock Pund 

Canada General Fund 
Canadian Pund 
Century Shares Trust 

| Chemical Pund 18.93 
Christiana Securities Co 6365.00 65 
Colonia) Pund 18.25 

~« ss 

box ta"9 vu 
we Sew ewe 

SS UVISoosSVUssezs 


in = go 
hs «3 ~~ ee 

bo @ 08 Wi 3 ee on 

| Concord Pund 

| Consolidated Investment Tr 
Diversified Tr E 
Dividend Shares 

, Eaton & Howard Bal Fund 

> Eaton & Howard Stock Fund 
Pidelity Fund Ine 
First Boston Corp 
Fund Investors Inc 
Gas I..dustries Pund 

=) a Bed 

Genera! Capita! 

General Investors Trust 

Group Securities Inc. 
Common Stock 

=“ FF 7Seae a’ 





B-4 11.18 12. 

K-1 17.75 

SeRSaZ am: 

Mass Invest Tr 
Mass. Inv. Growth 


~~ ee 



Nation Wide Ba! Pund 
National Investors Cor" 
Netiona!] Securities & Res 



Nat Resources of Canada 
New England Fund 
Northeast Investors Trust 
tScudder Stevens & Clark 
Shareh Trust 

State Street Invest 
Television Pund 


SBM eatanhs 


ewe vww 

0 SS8é 


all Pund 
xd Ex-dividend; ¢ Sales prices 

; “i p.m.; § Net Asset Value. 


276 «6288 









Fe FE 




eS a 



ae . et . ae ¥ « ar » 
: - 2 * y| =? — ‘os eet 
(bE TOR gS 


World Bank Bonds 
Int'l Bank 38 1972 EY 

Dow-Jones Averages 

By the United Press 

Stocks Follow Cautious. 

Path in Quiet Trading 

New ¥¢ 
stock market tipped a little lower today in a quiet sort of 

major divisions were a little lower with the minus signs 
more than a small fraction. Gains were likewise small. 

‘Oil Development, Le T 
‘Marion Power 

, Santa 
Ra National Phoenix, 

a year ago, opened on a block of ‘Most U. S. Governments in the 
2,000 shares unc , jover the counter market were 

| Packard Motor steady. 
New York Stock Exchange Quotations 


os Sales Net | Stks 
+ (100s: High Lew i:300m Chee 

41% 41% + % 
26 as *% 




Siege a2 detigieseaeserh bee 


Afll & Ea .40 

Siw ews ue 


| Alld Chm 2.40a 


—— ee eee ee 


Alum Ltd 2 
Alm A 

~ Le 


ZU Bsse 

Ae pet hh Sy po 


Fok St tee 




L++l ie +114 +11 


Pi+t tient leet lela ee 


dear at 3 


pac She 


~seveavues ft to8e 

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uarter | Armour 
$842,270 po en 

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+1t> +heeet 




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| Beaguet 
| Beth st 


42% | 



Dn cs moe te 
= Fe 

*3 ¢ 

P+LTtet ied bie diet 




L+ 1+! 





Page —— 

S2..ER5 8222 





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Saiiee s 

1 + +++] 


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Seerw to' 







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Chrysler 6 
CIT Fin 1.80 

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PS °S232 


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Pit+l +d dd i+erit 


++i+it+i tt 



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v3 Ps 


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asic tose 
38% 38 



DresseriInd 1. 
ju Pont 


a-hu SreaBewatcsedteotisananeoasecanes 

s *s 


Plintkote 2a 
Gair (Rob) 1% 
Elec 3 

83 02 Rae 19 Oe 
Le ed 

wun aS 


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wk PS 

mm ae 





oSaveusuwtiune sibeuwnuseatiaad 


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Bsius ni 




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SB ede 
‘Unit of trad 
sales in full 





errets + 



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— — - 






(Continued ) 

- _ For Mother’s Day 
Beautiful Nylon Lingerie 
and Hosiery by Van Raalte 
“Because you lowe mite things” 


6 Taylor Place 2-2672 
WITH JACKETS Maple Ave. and Post Road 

for May and June Graduations | | Where Fine Meats and Fish 
and Weddings Supreme 





Susp pended Schoolteacher 
Resigns in Somerville 

questioned hérin Boston on April | | ~ 
7. But she refused to answer) ~ 
questions about former political 

Herbert A: Philbrick, Federal 
Bureau of Investigation counter- 
spy, has testified that he knew 
Miss Guarnaccia as a Commu- 
nist before the spring of 1949. 

After she invoked the Fifth 
Amendment before the subcom- 
mittee hearing, Miss Guarnaccia 
was suspend without pay by 
the Somerville School Committee. 
It was announced that the com- 
mittee would vote on her dismis- 
sal on May 19. 

A retiring person by nature, it 
is said that Miss Guarnaccia is 
deeply troubled by the headline 
publicity she has received. It is 
| also said that she feels it is wrong 
| that she should be suspended 
‘without pay and perhaps fired 
from her job mainly on the 
‘grounds that she invoked the 


The Sea Around Us 
by Rachel L. Carson 

77-79 Asylum Street 

nt nee she refused to tell 
the Jenner whether 

committeé w 
‘4 been a Communist in the 
pat just sent in her letter 
ef resignation. 

“I don’t want any more pub- 
licity,” Miss Elizabeth Guarnac- 
cia told The Christian Science 
Monitor this morning. 

In her letter to the school com- 
mittee it is reported that Miss 
Guarnaccia said she was retir- 
ing after 33 years of teaching 

- because she felt “her usefulness 
was at an end” due to adverse 
publicity that followed her sub- 
committee hearing. 

The question of a pension for 
the & and Italian teacher 
must decided by the state re- 
tirement board. School Commit- 
tee rules provide that teaches 
of long service get a pension 
when they resign. Miss Guarnac- 
cia had served since 1929. 


Westport, Conn. 
Fairfield 9.5759 or 4062 

| —| tAR 

BA 3-2241 

A choice selection of antique furnishing» 
accessories. chosen for 223 Jericho: Turnkpike, opp. Theatre 


— their charm. 
Sep on writs us about types of shades. FL 4-3397 
to the lamp. = 

‘Route 7—Wilton, Conn.—7-3551 


“Serving Our Own 

Ice Cream” 


‘cal Estate” |e Oly Ste C 

Real Estate 
44 and 46 Court Street 

seo, aremay |——Bacrorenz_ |" —& SfStice 

215 Main St. Phone Annapolis 2685'| Matrix Shoes ee ee 
Phoenix Hose 41-18 Main Sireet for Luncheon 

Col Gao 

Pondfield Shoe Shop 
101 Pondfield Road Tel. 2-0717 | 

| MOTHER’S DAY, May 10 
Gifts to Make Her Happy 

Bronxville Furriers 
Sosthnclnnde. Adadaiie 

Fur storage 

New Garments Made to Order 
2 CEDAR streer 5% 2-606! 
etek ae 255 ne 
For Mother’s Day 

BR 2-2472 
Complete Flower Service| A Permanent Wave 

Open Evenings and Sundays 

GRant 5381 Uties, near Elmwood| André Hairdressing 

Suits or Coats | Duryea’s 

249 Fulten Avenue HE 2-3480 
——————_ HEMPSTEAD, WY. eens 




New Spring Styles 
Home Made Candies | | 


P, Kelleher, and William P. Reed. 

______ BUFFALO 
PERU TT TC reeeeeeeeeET 


Ri MILLER DAINT (RP. Flower Shop &% 

FM Stations 

WERS-FM 288.9me 
2:00 p.m. to 9 p.m.—Music: Education. 
9:30 p.m. to 10 pm -hausios Be 
| 3:38 p.m. p.m.—Mus ucation. 
WBUR-FM 90.$me 
| 2:08 p.m. to 10 p.m.—Education: Music. 
WBZ-FM 92.9mc 

Television Programs | 9:30 a.m. to 12:01 Sr, as WEZ. 

WBZ-TV, Channel 4 | rid Mss 

Thursday, April 30 5:30 a.m. 

m.—Break the mask roe. 
— Sg nay 3:00 p.m. see 9:00 p.m. me as WNAC. 
m.—Hawkins Falls, opt ke 
—Gabby 6:45 &.m. to 1:30 pm. —Dally 

Lucy Baltzell Shop 
86 Farmington Avenue 
Mother's Bun 
She is not now a Communist, | Fifth Amendment. G FTS 
gressional subcommittee when it | ing communism in education, and | 
the public reaction to it, she is | Sur e fo P lease 
° | said to feel are doing real harm Art Awards Made ' 
| V Interview Set | to American traditions of civil | 
‘liberty and academic freedom. T Pri Wi ers 
For Woman War | However, it is reported that she oO rrize inn 
‘under fire” are better able to | annual exhibition of New Eng- 
Correspondent | proclaim this than she, land Artists held at the Jordan 
The school committee order of coe i seed escrito For “MOTHER’S DAY” 
Radio Dialer and TV Guide | sus nsion said in part that aliace, WhO was - . . 
| “when called before a comnneiiies terday with a cash prize of $250 Delightful Gif od of 
Marguerite Higgins, special |of the Congress of the United and the Richard Mitton Memorial FEMININE FINERY 
, If It Comes from Styletex 
Tribune and winner in 1951 of the | Questions put to you and your 4 ye o tiie Ep is ls Always Adeoodted, 
Pulitzer Prize for distinguished |conduct at that public meeting rs, micnar on, wile 0 
reporting, will be the guest of |renders you unsuitable as aj|the founder of the exhibition, 
“Meet Betty Furness” Friday, |teacher in the Somerville public | presented, the award. Mr. Wal- | 9 Colony Street Dial 5-6333 
May 1, at 10:45 am. on_ Schools. tace’s portrait, “Jean Teger,” won “SPECIAL 
WNAC-TYV. “If you desire a hearing, it | him the prize. & 
class, Otis Cook won a $100 DRESSES” 
rea with the Military Adviser Her statement at the Jenner award, and in the water-color hen 
Group the day Seoul was cap- | committee hearings invoking the class, Lori W.-Coleman re- : 
tured, will recall the arrival of | Fifth Amendment was: esived $100, Mr. Calemen' alse re- MOTHER’S DAY 
the first troops by airlift from “I have devoted 33 years of ceived an extra $100 prize, as 
Japan four days later and her | my life to teaching and I believe | i ner of the Traditional Jury EDITH LIPKE 
participation in the marines’ as- | I have discharged my duties well. 
with the fifth assault wave. tains now a Communist and again or Athendinne ee 
The Library of Congress con- (deny that I am. Mrs. Richard W. Mitton Robert MIDDLETOWN 
cert presents the Budapest String| “My conscience, however, does | yin, F&F B Lawrence Edmond en 
Quartet this Friday night at 8:30 |not permit me to answer the hw agp : ig EMPIRE 
over WGBH-FM. The program | questions of this committee about 
will consist of Haydn’s goed imy political affiliations of years | SHOE REBUILDERS 
tinu’s Quartet No. 6, and “Ravel's | am required to give evidence | Excellent pep, ose 
Quartet in F. ‘against myself and others.” Suede Shoes a Speciaity 
hye Hats Cleaned, Reblocked | 

Miss Guarnaccia told the con-| Present methods of investigat- 
‘has said that people who are not| Grand prize winner of the 24th | 
writer for the New York Heraid | States, you refused to answer medal, .at a luncheon held at 
Miss Higgins, who went to Ko- | will be granted.” In the marine and landscape 
sault on Inchon where she landed |I have denied under oath that I award, The $100 Modern Jury | 4 west MAIN sT. DIAL 5-6643 
in E flat, Opus 76, No. Mar- | ago, because I do not believe I 


Ag Allen 


ms ee 


Paint Products 


MP insurance oF au xinos tailored for you, 

“DE FREESTVILLE” $65.00 and up 
ALBANY Phene 4-2601 | 

| Samuel Bloom | 

reese oem — 256 Pearl Street, Buffalo | 



NORWALK | Agencies for all standard watches, ' 

ae | new . 
Don't miss it! — Storewide | | diamonds and silverware 
AM 4-5818 

| MAY FESTIVAL SALE IS HOW On Color added to your home | 20s Broadway 
throughout the year by 

proper planting 

Read's Trees—Shrubs—Perennials | 

_—Holivwooa Piayhouse. 
-—FPun With Pood. 
-~Break the Bank. Bud Collyer. 
—Welcome ae 
~EKate Smith 
—~Hawkins Falls. 
by Hayes Show. 
owdy Doody Shew 
Lntma! Pair—John Marferlane 

ws reporter. 
the Wild. 

John Cameron Swavte, news. 
Dennis Dav Show 
The Life of net: wm. Bendiz 
] Bei t 80. 


m. ave ‘Bhow. FM 100.7me 
PW ee eg a 6:00 a.m. to 1:00 a.m.—Same as WCOP. 
.m.—TV Reporter: Victor Best. WEEI-FM 103.3me 

3:30 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.—Same ag WEEI. 

im—Necure of Things AK Marshall 

The Senior Lumber (o. 

= —Dineb Shore ‘Bb ow. 

en Cameron Swayze, news. | 
Special Millwerk Manufactared | 

.m.—Groucho Marx Show 
7. —Broadway to Bollywood. 


Bethel, Corn. —— Phone 8-3517 







"Meet the V 

Hair Stylist 

PHONE LOcuwst 2-5710 


155 W. Sunrise H'way FRee. 8-5579 

: .» Consult . 
Hank O° Yarn Kuittery 
for Summer Projects | 
Insurance | Wool Knitting and Crocheting Yarns | 

LEAH A. STOOP _ | 5t4*for Bags, Embroidery Materials 

(805 Walbridge Building CL 0424 | FReeport 8-4380 86 South Greve Street Clouser: 

SUPPLY Co. Means 

S li 
_ Mgtonty Sena. FLOWERS 

HINMAN AT pen awaes AVENU 
sa vi i | 285 No. Mein St. Tel. Fot. 9-2217. 


" Private Fre 
.m—Oe2exzie and Harriet. com. é&ék. 
ry, Stuart. news. 
.m.—WN Owl Theater. 

WNA ry, nnel 7 

Thursday, April 30 

m-—The Big Payoff 
m.—The Paul Dixon Show. 
m.—Western Film 
—Sfuper Circus—C. Kirchner. 
m--Time for Beany 
m—Club Seven 
m—Yankee News Service 
m.—Norman Brokxenshire 
m.—8ong Hits 
m—A Date With Judy 
m.—News; Weatherman 
m.—This Is Charies Laughton 
-—Dougies Edwards. News 
_—Jane Froman’ s UBA Canteen. 
-~Amos ‘mn’ Andy 
Chance of a Lifetime 
—~“Ascent.of Pishkettie.’ 
—Big Town—drame 
--My Little Margie 
—I've Got a .Secret 
—~Yankee News and Weather 
—““Porty Thousand Horsemen.” 

WBZ- TY, Channel < 
Friday, May 1 

HE 2-9407 



Mother’s — Cards 

English Bone China 

29 N, Franklin St. 





be f 

m. —Streeter Stuart. news. 
m.—Night Owl Theater 

WNAC-TY, Channel 7 

Friday, May 1 

n.—News With Winston Burdett 
~Whee of Pertune—T. Russell. | 
~~Meet Betty Furness 
-There’s One in Every Family. | 
— trike It Rich: guest. 
:oon—Bride & Groom: John Nelson | 
~Love of Life—Peggvy MoCar. | 
m.—Search for Tomorrow. 
~—Movie Quick Quis 
—Louise Morgan: Suffolk 
1.—Carry Moore Show. 
-—Double or Nothing. 
~The Guiding Light. 
—Seng Shop 
1—The Bic Payoff 
—The Paul Dixon Show 
-~Western Theater. 
—The Cisco Kid 
-——Time for Beany. 
—Club Seven. 
—Yankee News Service. 
.m.—Norman Brokenshire. 
.m.—Basebal! Briefs 
m.—Superman— film. 
m—News. Weatherman. 

oe ee ee te 
ere OSS OCS 24 aI FAQagawrewune 







ebededenteth a> a 

ome Oe Le te 
SVVUU Css vcs sstvssdeseteee 



Every department features savings! 



“=O SSCS 844A FOQUaVevw 
iii tae 

kt ae | 

Stylists in 

Gloves, Handbags, Shoes 
Costume Jewelry 



IRARAMMNG w wwe rons 

Wei S 


b= SSC 0% Mee.5-8 

es bt bt oe 

m.—New England News 
m.—Today—Dave Garoway. 
m.—Today—Dave Garroway 
m.—Domestic Diary: Polly Huse 
m.—The New England Almanac. 
m.— “Act Your Age.’ 
m.—Dine Dong School 

m.—Prologue to the Future. 
ple te Washington. 

m.—Mrs. U.B.A. 


te tt 

For Thursday, April 30 

5:00 p.m.—Three Pieces in the Shape of 
a Pear (Satie): Variations from 
Symphonie 70 
(Widor) : 
i-§ (Rachmaninoff). 

6:00 p.m.—Music of Sigmund Romberg, 
Overture: Die Schoene Melusine 
(Mendelssohn); Country Dances for 
Orchestra (Mozart). 

7:00 p.m.—Chorale Preludes for Organ 

Reformation Symphony- 
. 6 nm D Opus 107 

Gothique us 

$:00 t6 11:00 p.m.—‘Cosi fan Tuite,” 

opera by Mozart 
WGBH-FM, 89.7 me 
For Thursday, April 30 

3:30 p.m.—News, Weather. 

3:35 p.m.—Gocial Theory. Prof. Frederick 
. Wulsin, Tufts 

4:30 p.m.—Recital of Baroque Vocal Mu- 

sic. Jean re soprano, and assist- | 

ing artis 

5:30 p.m. eo Children’ s Circle. Nancy Har- | 

per, Tufts Nursery Training School. 
6:00 p.m.—News, Louis M. Lyons, Har- 
vard: Review of the 
ess: Why the Weather? 
Harvard, from 

'; Bach Can- 

t u 

7:00 p.m.—The Last Chronicle of Barset. 

7:30 p.m.—The Crust We Live On. Prof. | 
Wroe Wolfe. BU. 

_—New England Conservatory of | 
Concert —* Conservatory Cho- | 

tore Villa Lobes, M By a7 f 
. - ass in honor of | 
~ Bebastian Cantata | 
rgsky, | 

8.30 o— 

FM i 

"WXHR—FM 96.9me ' 

Preludes for Piano Nos. | 

Prot. | 



m.—6bort. Short Drames. 
m.—Douglas Edwards. sews 
m.—Perry Como Show 
.m.—Mama—starring Peggy Wood 
m.—Mvy Friend trma—M. Wilson 
m.—‘**‘Medicine Woman’’—drama 
.m.—Our Miss Brooks: Eve Arden 
m—Mr & Mrs. North -drame 
m.—Your Jeweler’s Showcase. 
m.—Yankee News and Weather. 
m.—Name’s the Same Rob't Lewis 
“The Creeper.’ 


m.—Peature | Film 



WXHR-FM 96.9mc 
For Friday, May 1! 

5:00 = —Dance of the Camorristi from 

6:00 p.m 

7:00 p.m.—Suzanne Danco, 

he Jewels of the Madonna” 
(Wolf-Perrari): Vielin Concerto in | 
Dm (Mendelssohn): Sxazka-Orches- 
tral Fairy Tale Opus 29 (Rimsky- 
— " Acceleration 

(Strauss): Porgy and ER — 

phonic Picture (Gershwin); Rossini- 

anna (Rossini-Respigh!). 

soprano hack: | 

" music of —-- Schuetz, Pg Gluc 
Suite for nds Opus 4 in B fiat | 
‘Strauss); ‘Erultate Jubilate K. 165 | 


8:00 p.m.—Persifal-Symphonic Synthesis 

9:00 p.m.—Quartet 

10:00-11:00 p.m.—Symphony No. 3 in 
2:00 p 


5:30 p.m.—Musie for the 

7:00 p.m.— Young 

Act 3 (Wagner-Stokowski): Sym- | 
phony No. § in B Opus 100 (Pro- 

kofiey | | 
Ne. 5 in FP m Opus | 
20 (Haydn!: Petite Symphonie Con- 
certante (Martin); Quartet No, 
Opus 18 No. 5in A ae gate 
Opus 86 (Mendelssohn): Variations 
on a Theme of Haydn (Brahms). | 

WBUR-FM 90.9me 


For Friday, May 1! | 

—WBUR News Roundup | 

= — ~—World's Great Music Beetho- 

ven: Piano Sonata No. 29 in B-flat | 
(“Hammertiavier’); Haydn: 

phony 3 No. 8&8 in G: Symphony No. | 

m.—Chamber Music—Mozart: Vio- | 
n and Piano Sonata in G. K.379: | 
Violin and Piano Sonate in B-flat, 

Treasures Off the sShelf— 
“Preacher Trell,”’ Empetine inci- 
dents in American |! 

Romeo end ure- 


74 Cannon Stteet 

See Howland’s large selection of 
gifts for Mother. You'll find sug- 
gestions in every department 

| Your Garden Needs 

Come to 


388 Greenwich Ave. Tel. GReenwich 8-7750 


AC .nplea Line of 
"Scr | Garde 
325 cna deal, feria 

Parade — News. for | 
University Alumni with 
George Foundos. 

Representing Empire Nursery Preducts Ce. | 


: 57 Willow St., Norwalk. Ph. 6-6097 | 
ROGERS & STEVENS | Jamaica, Freeport, Hempstead 

Clothiers and Furnishings 


South Norwalk, Conn. 


~ "er wee 

sLove re Mother 

expressed in lingerie, gloves 

and hosiery by Von Raalte. 

All sizes and prices. 


Telephone 4-6022 
Parking in Reer of Shop 

115 Bedford St., Stamford, Conn, 


‘eatin HONISS = 

Quality Fish and Sea Foods 
Visit Our Famous Restaurant 
Blue Plate Lancheons 75¢ and up 
22 State S:., Hartford, Conn. 


Heating Oil 
Burners and Boilers 
24-Hour Service 
Hartford 7-7257 

Marie's Gitt Shoppe 
“Unusual Gifts” 

For Mother 
Pottety'> China = GI | 
‘Lingerie - Hosiery. 

_ $72 Farmington Avenue 


for Spring and Summer 
famous nylon tiicot Lingerie 

Buaan'’s Sport Shop 

207 Church St., Naugatuck, Conn. 
 eleahanes Naugatuck 2087 

Headquarters for 
Men’s and Boys’ Clothing 

Carat > 

17, __17, 21, and 25 East Main Street i 
[ERY , Remember Mother 
} witha. 
a - 

232 N. Grand Ave 



. or Card 
Be sure to 
Come to 


red cardinal 


When Mono- 

|. S$. BROZEN 

asa” MOSER 

IVAN’S FUR SHOP 63 South Moin Street, Freeport, N.Y. 

CEDARHURST 9-0246 | 



BA 3.0554 | Cederhurst, Lt. |. 

459 Centrel Avenue 

Mother's Day _ Fancy Groceries and Delicacies 

| Ph. C&Edarhurst 0178 Opp, Central Thea. 

of ee 

Visit Bea's Newly Decorated 
Attractive Tea Room 

Cldorhurst 9-9678 


Fostoria and Cambridge Glassware 

She's boning to | | Royal Doulton, Theodore Haviland, 

receive on 
Mother's Day. 

One-Day Service 


83 S. Grand Avenue 


Auto Repairing 

Baldwin, L. i. N.Y. Tel. BAldwin 3-7390 

‘Mother's Day Gifts 
and Cards 

Remember Her on May |0 

100 Merrick Rood  ——s- BA 3-3703 

> ee 

| Flintridge or Royal York Chinaware 

Russel Wright 
Lamps and Shades to Order 
318 Central Avenue, Lawrence, L. I. 
CEdarhurst 9.7373 

3 “PL 46311 

Flore! Pork, 







Telephone FReeport 9-1629 
Fine Jewelry and Watches 

Lovely Dresses | Sa Meng OR St ow 

Petersen Electrical Appliance Co, 

New Lecated of 279 5. Prenklia &. 
HE 2-0748 
Automotive Electricians 


NN OCBGICLEFETD = 410 Repairs and Body Servies 


OP ay + 

Distinctive Apparel 


_ a ‘ 

enc city 



‘Established 1917 

Complete. Banking 

| Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. 

Telephone Great Neck 4500-1-2 

| Conte: at Seen, 

‘Tou | Ob Hidden ose 

Long Island ; 


140 Tulip Ave., Floral Park, N. Y. 
Meats, Poultry, and Season 
FL 40474 FL 44453 

| William Mockawetch 

Flowers for all Occasions 

: nlc ta x 



a. - 
° _—* . 
bag 8 ee eS. ae 
‘ New Rochelle 2-3232 
' - . - 

eee oeeverroees 

Male and Bedell Gt. SEmpstesd 2-0008 

on All Makes of Cars 

E. V. BRAND & SON, Ine. 

Real Estate—Insurance 

Management—A ppraisals 
Mortgage Loans 




Give Mother something lovely she 


= . ; Woodhaven 

A nae 

Clean Up With Your Home-Town Bank. STATEN ISLAND New Elegance in FUR s} GE 
CURRENT 9% | (Borough of Richmond) Spring and Summer ORA 

DIVIDEND Mariner’s Harbor — Apparel Fa ba 
-Ultre Gloss Flour Wex The UNION SAVINGS BANK LUCKEY’S FASHION CENTER | mode to order. Re-© 
~ Staten Island ‘Rug 

N. Y., Memeoroneck , | eats commana | 
Butchers Wax, Beacon Wax of Westchester County, 1 Hudson Valley's Leading Store | tr" ce: rates 3 Be beth Pod Aneuae hoe Gases 

: ember of The Fedora! Deposit Insurance Corporation ; 
cana | and Carpet Cleaning Co. he: 'y* Wilma Electrical Co.| 

Du Pont Points ra 201 Arlington Avenue 
; Sow Your Lawn With Wonderlawn The ELECTRIC SHOP | GI 8-1010 Cohen 5 Fur Shop | sa cane we SERVICE 
and Shades 

Colonial Lamps and Shades MARTEL’ 
ELGART'S HARDWARE mor Fa , pap ae Fe hig 5 RO RE Ce ow SER 

$107 Northern Boulevard HI 6-1656 Authorized Hoover Soles and Service snieiiiaiane wnngndines 104-13 Jemeice Ave, Vi 9-8314 OCKVILLE CENTRE 6-0080—¢981 

COLUM BIA 175 Brooklyn Ave, = Moss. 6-3850 LESSER’S | Everything 

a ot apt | Licensed Electriciens Combination Aluminum For Your , ie | 
Applionces Repoired Storm Windows, Screens | Garden | RYE COAL é SUPPLY (0. BUICK @ CADILLAC 

24-Heut Service 
RUG” CLEANED | and Doors | | p nee. 
All work dotie on the premises MOUNT KISCO Aluminum Awnings | SALTFORD fess Sica taer euameie | | 

S18 sich Uk Avenve | oe boar j te ee yo VP ashen Fuel Oil—Blue Coal | 
ae Se eek Avense | KISCO 91 Richmond Ave.g4 74999 18 Cannon Street Phone 538 , uel Oil— Blue Coa ‘MeCALL ond RIZZUTO, Ine, 

ROBERT’SRESTAURANT PAINT & HARDWARE CO. a on Use Wallace Personal wh | ge? | Service on Any Oil Burner | Setatets Ceneteus ONS 
Ham ind Eers, Hot Biscuits, | “Prats & Lambert's” | ____Westerleigh | Shopping Service ) we pa | _Westinghouse Electric Appliances : 185 Volley %., North Tarrytown, N. Ys 
° ' | Paints and Varnishes WRITE OR PHONE 2760 
French Fries—75c | aints and Varn V. Nelson Nelson Oil Co.. Inc. (o., Inc. + oe? Handbags Scarts and Stoles SCARSDALE ‘ 

Also Complete Dinners | 35 So. Moger Ave. 6-8 292 . | PARKWAY sso = 
pared : : For Mother oe 
orale Coney-Seled Plates = | 7s Sheets Blankets igs on: ere (Q) allace’s eS art) stor : SPRING 
3530 37th Ave. HA 9-838 Custom-Made | OIL BURNERS : vent WOODHAVEN, ‘ | HANDBAGS 

JAMAICA | Slip Covers and Draperies | fs EMT. Sg — cso meee “TOLLEY S a ADVANCE ‘1 Fine Leathers 

Gifts for Mother’s Day 

With us at low summer rates. Dry 23 East Main Street “ | The Ideal Sho for 
— Pp a og > : 
air cold storage on the premises. 
"'T. & 8. LUMBER for Your JUNE BRIDES Spring Flowers 
itsioun : on V 
ieoae calection of apslag otis  |GUERNSEY MILK | Lumber and Mason Material ee Daniel Creek Slippers. | o! ee ee So Lovely! 

Store Your Furs | EMBASSY SHOP | | , SALE and Fabrics 
: Y SHOP | _parcnocue Fashion Miss ® — Bue of, P sh : REID SHELDON & CO, 
ieliver. Parking space ia the rear| __ MOUNT VERNON "y & SUPPLY CO., Inc. Mother's Day Gift Me 
the finest furs. IN CREAM-TOP BOTTLES | 392 East Main St., Patchogue, L. I. Personal Needs oc ¢ Cité Cin ee ee Seends ef Feruitere and Bedding B4 aa : from 

* Phone 914-915 Discount given to Readers of 

JOHN BROS Estimates cheerfully gtven | re a - priate for Mother's Day gifts, The Christian Science Monitor AKERS FLOWER SHOP 
; Free Delivery All Long Island 215.- 35 Jamaica Avenue +. ’ bh Ps 

Manufacturing Furriers ‘DONT aor Sa | DAY 115-15 Jamaica Ave. Vi 7-3030) 99.08 jemeice Ave. Tel. VI 9-9300 

* 168-30 Hillside Ave., Jomeice Phone TUckahoe 3-1393 © te a DO YOUR SHOPPING AT Spring Furs 

REP 9-0400-0401 ! Soft, Natural | ; #4 , ) HUETTINGER'S 
Also Repelr on@ Remodeling — PERMANENTS | Allan Gail ’ ae BEAUTY SALON 

By our cupertaneee opera- . ' 
tors. Cold Waves from $10 es = 2 , 
° Fashions aes = Permanent Wave 

Farame y. | | Suits, Toppers, Dresses, Sportswear; “San Specialists 

349 est Gun Will Reed Smell ond Longe Sines A\ 8515 Jamaica Ave. _VI_7-2320 
OL 5-9187 | et Populer Prices fi \) | amen 

: ee Your appreciation slip will receive bi | “We also do FLOWERS 
Vhadechs | General Insurance a habineen. eae Repairing | FOR @ 


FAMOUS FURRIERS | Murray, Schoen & Morgan, Inc. 77 
JOHN J. JOHNSTON CO |e te ra ) ASHDOWN e- _L~L. NELSON “3 ty, We ae A Nylon Tricot Slip lavishly | "OS oe yore 
ag MOTOR SALES, Inc. 42 Years at 104.23 Jamaica Ave. Buday’s » | ee Dhop trimmed with Nylon Chantilly Mod Kite! 

Established 1903 | Repairing and Remodeling Mount Vernon, N. Y, aid aamae pve §- Miac 
DeSoto — Plymouth a he Store Virginia 9-4944 ace and shirred Nylon Net 

en : Our Specialty 

Virginie 7-4200 . 66 ” 

: MO 86674 105 Gramatan Ave. Toa: our Hartford Agents” _ . on , 

111-08 Jemeice Avenue V0 WTSmmsn Ave. Repairs on All Cars FOR MOTHER be DAY! 92- 14A lamaica Avenue pis aliments ey SCHWENDERS 

a Paint Hardware | WwW / S r 
SS _ | 239-50 JAMAICA AVENUE _—| ‘Most, Comfortable anc Welcome Raymond g YS chalas| “BECAUSE You Love Nice THINGS” | 201 Columbia St. Phone 2-5130 
A New Hat for Mother R. B. HOBSON, Inc. NEW CARS AND TRUCKS 9.95 Gift MEN’S CLOTHING 

Lo i] } i we ry 65 4th Avenue Ha rdware Co. | PARTS- -SERVICE . Bhd denrsiers of Style, Fit and Quality 
| CARDEN SUNS ON Naan ee | P cHEVROLET | PE Bridge Formerly with Bonwit Teller A = alg: agra 

Smart New HATS Fertiliser Houseweres 
165-21 Hillside Ave. GOO: : Sth Aves. Pelham. N.Y. Tet PE VILLAGE CHEVROLET CO., Inc. Alse Virgisia 9-10907 - 97-03 Jometce Ave. te er Koenig’s Clothes Shop 
: | 

es Ovpeste Thee Theatre 
Open Evenings Cosmetics Luncheonette | R. G. SEIBERT, Pres. Beautiful, Comfortable Slippers Special Dresses for 
___NEW ROCHELLE | 222-22 Jamaica Avenue HOWis 5-516) 


Special Occasions—See n Westchester It's 
JAMESTOWN | TW Feo cge | Pelham Pharmacy | DOMESTIC PAINT CO, PARAMOUNT SHOE SHOP sean eitmnde: | alana ities 

Established 35 Years | 

~a “ } anaeaetaete a 
wove C. RUSSELL—J. G. PORCELLY | Art Supplies | _ 411-21 Jemeice Avenue vi 73254 ‘Junior Misses’ and Women’s Sizes McComb R MeComh GC W. WHITE & SON 
Queens Villoge, N. Y '§ The Most Beautiful For Fine 
STYLE, QUALITY | ¢ MAIN oruzet, Noor Kerth a] Prime Meats « Poultry | : ROCHESTER | Rug Cleaning Lumber and Mill Work” 
Remember Mother PST CHE yt CA RPE | | Free Delivery 5 pea spat ee 

Statement: Established 1895 Paint Wall paper Expert Fitting — Courteous 
Bigelow’s ler ReorSecmmtt tae | Ou tlthase - enete T Gee tee oe ame ene eye on eae INCORPORATED 
Celebrating 65 Years of SELF SERVICE FURNITURE FAIR CAROLINA MARKETS | Branch: 9 Broadway, Lynbrook, L.1.,M.Y.|2 Fashions Underfoot ... ‘The Home of Good 
aD FAO ys Groceries | QUEENS VILLAGE |’ GUALESTAN > - i. Repairing | 
esh Fruits end Vegetables Bellaire | | Pert |__ 231 N. RUTLAND STREET 
. , | x8 LDSsMO a 
With Mother’s Day Gifts orem ave. = ait wours rane @ Slee suede both ums iICOAT S. yw eras ~~ 

from 660 North A Seles a — Service | LINOLEUM ~. RUGS «3 ” 
ee heer pa | _ Complete Banking Services | 98 | |» ASPHALT FLOOR TILE-RUBBER TILE | for Spring , Tel. SCorsdele 3-6400—640! Likeleainte: 
NELSONS ——— | OQAMNSAM .) ere. | eT ey Mi Accessories 
Jemestown, N. Y g 35 Fifth Avenue "PE 8-4500 Setety Tested Used Cars ioe arpet O- Tires Batteries 
emestown, N. Y. | 110-19 Jamaica Ave. VI 9-4425-26) | la 171 Stone Street Tele 4685 ° 
First National Bank of Mt. Vernon, W.Y. CROSS ISLAND OLDSMOBILE, INC. D._ PRESS ” Dresses for All Occasions 

Member Ff. BD. 1. C. 216-02 Hemasteed Avenue Bsa pr a y : eo Suits Coats 

hammer ___| fy feommente | _ tenses __| Smeets | Sa ee 

a od Coaneey Cuetbee The Grand S tore 

560 fh Moin Street ‘cae? New Rochelle 


Blouses — Jewelry 

RICHMOND HILL - Paint—Wallpaper—Hardware ees fie _| YOLAN ELTON | The Christine Shop, Inc. 

5c—10c—25¢ mara Ate: eee, nes | Electric and Plumbing Supplies ——PARKSIDE DAIRY CORSET AND LINGERIE SHOP 
FITA f CARD SHOP Up to *1.00 A leader in stein eee MAZDA LAMPS soy tesa Eeemanatan tenee Lovely Nylon Gifts 408 WOOLWORTH BLDG. _ 

| Jamaica Ave., Cor, 116th Street = mys 
| REMEMBER MOTHER PEtham 8-311@ John H. Arendt, Prop. Rochester 

a leader in style ; 
VI 9-8636 for Mother's Day 
GEORGE C. BLUBM. Proprietor 
104-108 Fifth Ave., Petham 65, N.Y. | HOSIERY © JEWELRY WHITE PLAINS 

MAY 10 GUERNSEY MILK Get ZENITH Quality TV MONCHEK’S LUGGAGE SHOP 48 Dairy Praduete 36 Garth Road SC 3-0163 

| IN CREAM-TOP BOTTLES 8 Mother’s De Deliver in East Rochester. Brighton 
‘576 Main Street * NE 6-9354 i and start to enjoy television her's. Day Gitte Pittsford. Penfield. Fairport Safe and Dependable - 

SUIT CASES HANDBAGS Phones—Dairy 36, Hillside 2036-J 
Infants to size 14 611 Main St. NEw Rochelle 6-7020 esa of ~ 3 Bros. Convenient to You im Scarsdale ‘ ore 

eae eee | The gift and household linens 48 OUR SPECIALTY a 115-17 JAMAICA AVE. VI 37-0625 SERVICE STATION . Distinctive Quality Clothes 
PE &- ’ for Ledies am and Gentlemen 
79 Mamaroneck | N. 

; 8-OR26 you love at tremendous Phone New Roch. 2-8010 ay Te 7 c R Tydol T 
et for Mother eee mi same we ne PORT CHESTER | | U S a. cee 
. __ May White Sale _ ‘ V1 9-9375 113-29 Jemeice Ave. Ready Made and to Order 2548 ST. PAUL BLVD. 
you will find a complete line of : Ph GLen 2807 SCHENECTADY 
DRESSES<-LINGERIE-” | H EN For M other s Day — Remodeling, Repairing, etc. one, 
rounpaTions—cirts ~| I. B, COHE! Box Sale Srihiseud Caiting | ALFONS KOOR Visit Our 

Fine Clothes $3.25 06 $475 American and Chinete Reitaurant 115-16 Jamaica Ave. Vi 7-2924 Blue Room of Gifts 

DIANE’S of LARCHMONT tyhgrere:. ; 
1963 Palmer Avenue LA 2-1769 - pwnd ee: | as Sola ek cece DELICIOUS CHINESE DISHES | we o> el sy ee ing ———— neeeaaaeee Child nom Sh 
MOTHER’S DAY GIFTS Hickey-Freeman Clothes SON _ AND AMERICAN DINNERS | GIFT FOR MOTHER er ™ % lidren s op 

: gee | Soret =| The Union Book Co., Inc. 

Something to Wear Is Always $25 Main St., New Rochelle, N. Y. 31 NORTH MAIN STREET —_— 86-12 117th St. 

: VI 9-10034 es / 3 
Practical —_— co AVAL NEL 
7 NSEY MILK ee TAL NY | 3 . 257 State Street 
schane ee worrls | Remember Mother Give Mother an E, P, THOET'S DRESS SHOP eee Veet f e 
GLOVES ; with a lovely gift of Nylon Blouses Her D RB 116-15 Myrtle Ave. vi 71-3787 «| Soe \ ) 2a SCOTIA 
ROBES | and Lingerie or select from a com- er Day a Box of Hears: 9 a.m. te 5 p.m. Ve er at : sae : a ae 
ACCESSORY SHOP et ee jp Kitchen-Made —_ Mentor. Wetnentay, Prider sat 0 oe. | | 6: E. Van Vorst Co., Inc. 
1981 Palmer Ave. LA 2-100 KAPLANS Candies ee eed 47 Mohawk Ave.. Scotia. N. Y, 
Phone LArch. 2-3025 Martin A. Meyer, Jr., Co. 

ahi? thee PHONE 2.8010 | wercne 101-07 JAMAICA AVE. 50 Years of Service Fodoral Hardware Plumbing 

36.40 North Main Street - 
© Does It Best Your “MOTHER'S DAY” Gift | AS light and delicate os SUPPLIEG . . . DEVOE FAINT S.-W. Paints _ Heating 
will be of quality and good taste | @ spring morn PICTURES and PICTURE FRAMING ASSOCIATION Scotts Lawn Seed Roofing 

ars our label. res . 
Larchmont Hand Laundry ‘Weien's Hall Giee Trem | knee Pea Pong ro Oreo So; | J. H. BUHRMASTER CO., Inc. 

Women’s Half-Size Dresses 
COTY PERFUMES | 9602 117 Bt. Phone Virginia 9-1966 fos 

1885 PALMER AVENUE | at. $17.95 | 

102 Garth Kead SC 3-6110 

LYNBROOK a Nae Sreet_New Rochelle, NY: ____tw1 NomTw Mamn stunet Ser CONEECTIONERY| | AND MEN’S WEAR Oil Burners 
DOMESTIC PAINT CO. NEW YORK CITY Now in Progress | and LUNCHEONETTE Gloves — Sportswear . 
rem ran mp pener Borough of Bronx Buy Now and Save = Nieideal Mother's Day Gifts 1146-16 Jamaica Ave. Virginia 9.5894 | 80 804-1600. nn Opps Beh. Staten SYRACUSE 
u p tes R . ” | 
p a ubin So WINFIELD STORES, Inc. Try Our Delicious Homemade ; 
ner) Village. N. Y. cn see = «ee 169-171 Westchester Ave. Port Chester eran ita Cates, 9-10277 D 0 C TRO W S House of lowers Prices 
apes | rsets rassieres : i 
DUCKS DELICATESSEN renutte™.Sie,Coe",,,.,° | For Mother's Day! Jeanne's Dress Shoppe Fivei—Guaraneet | 7) a sourm vutact ave Restauramts renceare | 
easonable and Properly Fitted RNICK UNDERTHINGS ) | 15.01 JAMAICA AVENUE comntn ti LINcOLM AVENUE 403 South Warren St. at Jefferson 
Frosen Foods—Catering ~~ "ae —— —_ SLOUSES AND’ $k ~~ ir DRESSES Saar) SSseammese The Little Sh 
(Corner Rolling Street) | BERNARD'S ene YOu _| 115-09 Jamaica Aye. vi Town and Country. so a 3 Cakes 
Phone LY 9-3344 CLEANERS and DYERS STAR SPEAK TO > a F urivure—Howewar—Git - Juniors’ 9-1'/—Misses 10-20 

Make Ideal Mother's Day Gifts . 
. bee ho ~~ ‘Downyflake "rsa" 
. Branch: 9 Broadway AND INTERIOR DECORATORS 25 Purchase St.. Bye, N. Y. 
AND GROCERY aa CY 5-6877 ‘on ome e1* anes See | See'Us for Choice Selections of | VE eee > “ue South Seto St. at Clinton 4 
S65 Lebeviow Avenco - | Stdqvich 3.7799. Gelivery Servic ~ Lillian Shop —= | for, Mother old Famous Farniture | Decorators 
PLANNING A TRIPP Nisitny ~ cn Upholstering—Slip Covers | - 2aplors 917—Misns 103 Wz 
cya ereicammere orem |S | SS Sain |. mere gn bed KINNEY'S BAKERY, Inc. | 
| “Som Ye ” : bapeamd:tt ape: 113-19 Jamaicn Ave. sma service avn BOckvitis Contre @-40ss | 1919 South State St at Colvin St. 7 ant 8 . 

. ."¢€ * & 7 : : . 


Family Features 

and Intormation - 


Crossword Puazzte 

4 Verse 
fer Today Fé 6 

Be of good comfort: 
thy faith hath made thee 
whole: go in peace.— | 
Luke 8:48 
Ce nd 
‘DearF.F? . 


ef a blew 
highest ’ 
14 General Bradley 
15. Meditative 
' Meshed " tabrie 
jimall explesicn 


| °S No Trouble, Really! - 

Baby Philip’s argument with 
his rug on the floor was being 
generously interspersed with 
bubbles emerging noisily from his 
penny -box mouth. ry, 
proud of his “baby bruvver,” lay | 
with his chubby arm encircling 
| Philip’s ample middle. Greg’s ex- 
|pression assured “Pip” of his 
loyal support under all circum- 
Peninsula in | Kapees. 

Asia | , Already biased, I became more 
Period \so as I thought, “What a sweet | 
|picture!” Picture? Why, the 
camera of course! 
ee a | 
Yes, of course—only yesterday, 

spurred by a burst of enthusiasm, | 
[I had firmly put all things, in- 

The five highest values depict a .. 
patriot. The 1953 Stamp Day is- 

ae bird 

emale roof 
Bod int 

Barly Eurepean 
Swiss meéunh- 



P ¢ ares 

The Christian Science Monitor 

“You never should have taught me the 
want te take your turn doing the housework 

“The proceedings are usually under the direction of someone's big sister” 
) Answer Bleck Appears Ameone the Advertisements 

°Tis Maytime in Merrie England Stamps in the News 

Liverpool |; children do not stage these pro- boys behind don’t, and they buf- | 
cessions merely for the delight) fet into each other like railway | 
of the passer-by. O no! They also |trucks, and just about as grace- 

game if you didn’t 

Idea Pays Off 
An overall-clad 


the camera? How attentive a 
pupil had I been when my hus- 
band endeavored to explain the 
“how it’s done” of photography? 

Facial expressions were hold- 

Brazil has issued a new stamp 

If there has ever been any 
,to commemorate the 406th anni- 


doubt that children love dressing 
up, then a visit to Liverpool, Eng- 
Jand. during early May would 
very. soon convince one. For 
this—this is May procession time. 
A relic no doubt of ages past in 
Merrie England when daffodils 
in bloom heralded dancing round 
the Maypole on the village green. 
There was a time when young 
Ege Villagers rose early on 

morning of May the first, 
eager for the happy celebration 
in the greenwood. The May-day 
festival was always accompanied 
by a pageant performed on the 
village green and watched by the 
Baron and his guests. Maid 
Marion was Queen of the May, 
end present also were Robin 
Hood, the Jester on his habby- 
horse, and their attendants. 

ae ae 

Liverpool's village greens have 
long since disappeared. But has 
this daunted her jads and lassies” 
Certainly not. Your first glimpse 
of a procession is most likely to 
be from the top of one of the 
city’s buses as you are rumbled 

carry a colletting tin. And as the 
procession gets underway, cries 
of. “Help the May Procession,” 

can be heard. Help is what the 
procession most certainly aceds, 
for a more ragged, moticy little 


And then there's Britannia! 

down one of the tenement-lined | 

streets toward the city center. 
‘Scattered like gaily colored croc- 
“odiles you'll see them, now mov- 
ing slowly forwards, now twist- 
ing, now backwards, Backwards? 
Well, you see, these processions, 
being essentially . democratic 
affairs, probably one smal! pro- 
cessioner has suggested that more 
would be gairied in the opposite 
direction, or possibly a rival pro- 
cession fias beén spotted. For 
make no mistake about it, the 

Sketches by the author 
The pirate and the policeman 


What’s in 

- What do you do when in your 
reading yotsuddenly come upon 
a choice new word’? Do you as- 
sume you know what it means, o: 
how it is pronounced, and run 
right ahead? After all, do you 
reason, what does it matter, as 
long as you grasp the meaning o! 
the sentence” 

Werds have always been a 
hobby’ with me. In fact, to read 

| charges 

crowd you'd tra*el far to see. But 
somehow or ether these children 

do manage to “earn” enough to 

buy chips or pop for ail 

The first ideas toward this 
year’s May proceésion probably 
originated in somedne’s - back 
yard, and on the whole the. pro- 
ceedings are under the direction 
of someone's big sister. It is she 
who decides what each is to wear, 
“borrows” net curtains for the 
Queen's veil, keeps the. little 
group in order on the pavement, 

tand OF the Tittle DNeE” Tt is 

she who plans the route and— 
it is she who holds the tin. She 
‘tries vainly to pemsuade her 
to proceed Siowly and 

But when the Queen 
oO Aa 

| solemnly 
tops to curtsy hopefully 
‘likely contribGtor to-the tin, 

—_— —— -- ee 


writing of Westminster Abbey, 
shares this comment: “Now we 
are not allowed in the Abbey 
at all, not even at night, and 
secrets are very closely 
guarded. We see the very ex- 
ternal bits, but we don't get a 
unique view any longer.” 

By David Hogarth 
A mixture of golden promise, 
taut suspense and frightful dis- 

a Word? 


the dictionary-can be quite a pas- 
time. However, with a family and 
home to care for, I find little time 
flor straight dictionary reading. 

This morning, while reading 
the Youth Section, I stumbled: on 
a new addition for my. vocabu- 
lary. On the first reading, cogno- 
scente flew by me, but as I read 
oh I kept looking back to that 
peculiar-looking word. It looked 
vaguely familiar, but I couldn't 
quite place it. I lazily pro- 
nounced it “cog-nos-cent” to my- 

Still the thing tumbled around 
Inside my head, until 1 finally 

si and left the article. 

| gave up and ran for our diction- 


laries and located this bothersome 

) word. The sound of it is certainly 

\as fascinating as it looks, though 
/as I examined it closer I realized 
|Il should. have known the pro- 
inunciation of k6’nyé-shén’'taéa and 
|that fascinating foreign flavor 
turned out to be Italian.. 

Ah, well, one more added to my 
' storehouse. Now if I can only 

"a remember to use it once in a 

\ hey 
heed > 

we sais Sie : 5 
ie yet remeerie wet ptil ate ee se. 
A ee 7. §” i : a , ~ a § * ey 

| while! 


fully. Uf big sister gets them or- 
ganized again, as likely as not, a 
wheel comes off the pram, or the 
Queen. loses her crown, or Bri- 
tannia drops her bin lid. The 

Queen and her retinue seem to | 

spend as long assembled round 
the tin as they do in procession. 
The choice of Queen is usually 
a foregone conclusion. This honor 
falls upofi the little girl with the 
longest hair, or the biggest eyes— 
or more obviously still upon the 
little girl who possesses the most 
queeniy hand-me-down. More 
often than not the Queen turns 

> *e. S$ 


and usually one tough little boy 
who gets a free ride dressed as a 
not very appealing baby in his 
sister's pram. 

And then there's 
May it never be said 

that the 

‘youth of England are not patri- 


A colander as helmet, a 
dustbin lid, a Union Jack, a 
draped sheet, and a determined 
Mttle girl with a garden fark, and 

you have Britannia. On the whole 



Alice Jim Vavruska 


the characters portrayed are de- 
termined by the conglomeration 


versary of the founding of Santo 
Andre. The 60-cruzeiros blue 
stamp bears a portrait of Joao 
Ramalho, Portuguese sailor and 
colonizer of the 16th eentury. 
The heavily bearded explorer 
was the father-in-law of Tibirica, 
who has appeared on a previous 
Portuguese stamp issue. The 
dates 1553-1953 appear above the 
portrait of Ramalho, reports the 
New York Stamp Co, 

& ha8 
Good news for first day cover 

‘out to be someone’s big sister’s | collectors and for specialists in 
little sister. 

Australian issues: A Philatelic 
Bureau has been set up by the 
Australian Postmaster General's 

best processions include | Department. 
the inevitable cowboys and In- | 
'dians, gypsies, pirates, policemen, 

Orders for first day covers 
should be «sent to: Philatelic 
Bureau, General Post Office, Mel- 
bourne, Victoria, Australia. Self- 
addressed covers must reach the 

bureau at least three days before ‘H. L. Anthony announced that 

ithe date of issue. Covers will be 

returned by ordinary sea mail 
unless the postage is sufficient to 
cover registration or air mail. 

If blocks are required, suffi- 
cient space should be left on the 

cover. Registration is required if 

‘an order exceeds 

10 shillings 

The Australian pound is equal 

to $2.24. One shilling is appréxi- 

of clothing oddments collected. | 

Here and there one suspects the 
interference of adults, but no 
self-respecting May procession 
ever allows this! 

“Disgraceful,” and, “It should 
never be allowed,” people may 
say, or, “What are their parents 
thinking of?” Buf they’ probably 
know too that these May proces- 


sions represent a great deal of | 
fun. At last sweets are unrationed | 

in Britain and I for one should 
not be surprged if 

this year's | 

May processions are even bigger | 

and better—and longer. M. H. 


Preparations for the Coronation 


Our young contributor, 14, in ' order—that is tHe general im- 

pression carried away by the 

fortunate few who have been 

the Abbey 

permitted 6 visit 
since the preparations 

there for the coronation, Yet by | 

June, all the scaffolding will be 
gone and once more the Abbey 
will be it for the coronation of 

a queen, 

Great piles of timber lie all 
over the place; scaffolding has 
been put up on all the sides. It 
reminds one of a bombed house, 
or a ship-building yard; hardly 
a church. All the tremendous 
monuments along the walls, de- 
reclining at ease. surrounded by 
cupids holding flowers, have been 
boarded up. 

But the best of the works in 
progress, I feel, is the. railway. 
Its strong points are not in the 
technical line. it is neither 
streamlined, nor modern, nor 
well kept. The rails are dirty 
and rusty: the rolling stock con- 
sists of platforms on wheels, Its 
glories lie in its position. I don’t 
suppose. there’s another church in 
Britain with a reilway. 

Besides these developments, 
large numbers of small huts have 
appeared in the middle of the 
Cloisters, Variotis. theories have 
been concocted about their use. 
One said that they were to be 
the Peers’ robing rooms This is 
unlikely as the place is inacces- 
sible except by a workman's lad- 
der—not particularly good for 
coronation robes. 

That is as far as it has gone 
at the moment, The best parts 
comeé later, Now we have to con- 
tent outselves with anticipation 
and the railway, 


Blossoms in Blue Jeans 

—_———— a 

The back yard was the perfect place 
To make a garden grow, 

We had such wondrous visions 

Of blossoms in a row; 

Of pansy beds and marigolds, 
Of peonies and phlox, 

But in theirsplace we always find 

Tin cans and building blocks: 
Sand-filled pails and digging spoons 
Where asters weré to bloom, 

For swings and slides and wading pools 
The iris have no room; 

The only things that seem to grow 

In our yard certainly, 

Are Robbie, who is five years old, 

And Mary, just turned 

18th-century gentlemen, | 

mately 11 cents, ~ 
Postage rates are as follaws: 

Sea Mail—7‘ pence for — first 

ounce, 442 pence for each addi- 


| 4 

Philippines International Fair | 

commemorative stamp te be 
placed on first-day sale on April 

30. The stamps will be in 5 and | 

6 centave denominations. 

tional ounce; 
lings per half ounce; Registra- 
tion—9 pence. 

Air Mail—2 shil- | 

Money orders only will be ac- 

cepted as payment—no ‘postage 
stamps in lieu of currency. 
ea Ss 

Western Germany has issued a 
new 20-pfennig multi colored 
stamp to help propagandize its 
automobile safety program, The 
adhesive depicts a mother hold- 
ing her child who has been in- 
jured in an automobile accident. 

Pe ee 

An interesting set of three air- 
mail stamps has arrived from 
Guatemala. Each stamp depicts a 
carved ceremonial! profile head. 
The 3-centavos is blue and olive, 
S-c green and chocolate, 10-c 
violet and deep green. 

P 28 

Stamp Notes... . When the 

Provident Loan Society, a non- 

profit institution, began loaning | 
money on postage stamps seven | 

years ago they had two top econ- 
omists working for months figur- 
ing a fair table of values. It is 
interesting to note that after they 
accept the stamps as security, 
the stamp experts lock the 
stamps in a special vault which 
is constantly checked for humid- 

deterioration and _ discoloration 

ity and temperature to prevent | 

. « Mozambique has issued a | 

new set 

of 20 stamps showing 20 | 

species of butterflies in full color | 
.« » A nine-value definitive set 
has been issued by Indonesia to 

replace the current Temple set. 

M. Queen Elizabeth |}; June 



printed “Tunisie” in black for 


Sometimes we get reminders 
that everything in the U.S. isn’t 
taxed or licensed. For example, 
a postage cancellation on a cur- 
rent letter from Eire reads, “Li- 
cense your Radio Promptly.” 

A piilatelic world exhibition 
will be held in the Liljevaich art 
gallery in Stockholm in the sum- 
'mer of 1955, in connection with 


of France has been over-| 

in Tunisia. 
+ ae 

eet OS 

centennial printing of the 

first Swedish stamps. The exhi-| © 4 
bition will be arranged by the /~ ears 
General Post Office in collabora- 

tion with the Swedish Philatelist 

Society. | 

asha . Shas 

Australia’s Postmaster General | 

justify continuance of a 44 pence 
/postage stamp” and therefore wil! 
| discontinue that denomination in 
| the Australian postal set-up. The 
4\4+pence stamp, portraying King 
George VI, was first issued on 
Feb, 20, 1952, to cover the rate 
of postage’ on a postcard 

is insufficient demand to 

ing well and other conditidns 

were still favorable. Engaging | 

er at : 
. Mr. William Gray, was yesterday 
| handed a check 


cluding the camera, where they 
belonged. For three days the 
camera had sat there on the table 
right at hand and in no one’s 
way. However, on the wings of 
hope I flew for the camera. But 
ad- {operative when I returned or 
dressed to a foreign country. It) was I giving Greg's loyalty time 
also was used for added postage | to be tried and found wanting? | focus, 

Gregory in earnest conversation | 

and keeping the virtues of “baby | 

bruvver” well to the fore, I hur- 
riedly placed a. stool for the’ 
camera. Now, three pennies to | 
raise it a bit—oh! must I suffer’ 
again for that enthusiasm of yes- 
terday? Yes, I had swept away 

my three needed pennies which | & 

for several days had nestled cos- 
ily in. their blanket of dust in 
the corner of the window sill. 

ee sae 

Yardstick held to my subjects’ 
noses revealed that the distance 
was whet I thought it was and 
after a little doubtful reasoning 
and some shaky adjusting I 

pushed the button and then wait- 
ed—waited for that endless time | 
it always takes for Daddy to' 
finish the film. | 

My efforts were rewarded with | 
a snapfu} of lovable baby faces | 
wreathed in smiles and a Mummy 
positively purring with delight— | 
delight which didn’t wane even | 
when Daddy was overheard to 
say in a tone too casual to be | 
tolerated under any other cir- | 
cumstances, “Look at this—one | 
of those FORTUNATE photos, in | 
good expressions and | 

my models still be co- 

on foreign letters exceeding the | Would the light still be right, and | everything!” 

one-ounce weight, 

| most of all would I be able to set Catherine BD. Driver, Christchurch, N.S. 

He put it in 

words—apnd placed it in one 

the boned pete the puree fo 
. . 

Of oil for soéap making. After & 

trial” he received an interim 
award of £100, and the practical 
effect of his suggestion -was ree 
viewed a year later. 

Yesterday, Mr. G. A, 8. Nairn, 
chairman of Lever B 
Port Sunlight, told him that his 
idea had been assessed as merit- 
ing an additional £1000 award, 

The Scoteman 


g Hey Ganc . come 


i, | 






— =~ << S~ 

THAT Govl 





now. Yorm jus 


a . 





Boston, THURSDAY, APRIL 30, 1953 


“First the blade; then the ear, MPS then the full grain in the ear” 


P (K) 


Refugees, Immigrants, and John Q. Citizen 

Last week ap geet Eisenhower 
asked Congress to emergency 
legislation permitting 40, 000 refugees 
to enter the United States in the next 
two years — outside and beyond the 
present alien quotas but “within the 
framework of the immigration laws.” 

This week he has asked for a Con- 
gressional study of possible “serious 
and inequitable restrictions” in the 
present McCarran-Walter Immigra- 
tion Act. 

When the first request was made, 
we stated that the President was un- 
likely at this time to press for a radi- 
eal revision of the McCarran law, and 
he’ wisely has not done so now. None 
of the restrictions he calls in ques- 
tion has,.to do with the basic and con- 
troversial national origins quota sys- 
tem or with the McCarran Act’s philos- 
ophy of making economic usefulness 
the prime test of admissability. 

But the points he raises are serious 
enough to demand urgent attention. It 
is no answer to reply that the act has 
not been in operation long enough to 
see how these provisions will work. If 
a law infringes on precious human 
rights, it should not be necessary to 
prove’ the point by allowing a certain 
number of individuals to suffer under 
it before taking remedial action. 

Most glaring, perhaps, are those 
provisions of the law which in effect 
make naturalized Americans into 
second-class citizens. Other provisions 
the President questions have to do 
with deporting aliens who may have 
belonged to a’ subversive organiza- 
tion many years ago but have become 
model Americans since; with the 
boundless discretionary power vested 
in- consular officials; with the plight 
of aliens: who may be excluded for 
“criminal” records that are really the 
record of courageous political 
“crimes” against totalitarian regimes. 

And there are other inequities, of 

varying degrees of seriousness. These 
have done more harm to the reputa- 
tion of the United States abroad than 
the Voice of America can undo with 
its most persuasive eloquence. Both 
in his campaign speeches and in his 
State of the Union message the Presi- | 
dent has recognized the need for re- 
moving such injustices. Action on 
this front could echo resoundingly to 
America’s credit before the world. 

But Senator Watkins of the Senate 
Judiciary subcommittee dealing with 
immigration. states that he doubts 
there is any ‘substantial sentiment 
within-the committee to amend the 
law. This is where John Q. Citizen 
can make his voice heard. Injustice 
to “one of the least of these my 
brethren” is injustice to every free 
American, even though the points at 
issue may seem remote from the ordi- 
nary citizen’s concern. 

The President has raised only 
“minor” questions in regard to the 
law, but there are major principles of 
justice and policy involved in each of 
them. The struggle, declares the New 
York Times, is. between “those who 
view every alien as.a potential enemy 
and every. immigrant a present 
danger and those who have confidence 
in- America’s strength and faith mn 
America’s ideals.” 

There need be no slightest sacrifice 
of national security in rectifying the 
loose wording and loose thinking that 
have gone into some provisions of the 
law. Revision and not revolution is 
the aim. The security of the United 
States may be better served by up-: 
holding the standards of justice on 
which Af was founded than by ex- 
cluding a proved.and ardent anti- 
Communist because, for three months 
in 1947, he belonged to the Czech 
Communist Party in the misplaced 
hope that it would bring better times 
to his troubled. land. 

History's Big Bargain 

Just 150 years ago April 30 the 
United States successfully concluded 
purchase negotiations for what may 
have been history’s greatest bargain 
in land. It also looked to some at the 
time as history's biggest pig in its big- 
gest poke. The new “Republic of the 
West” bought from Emperor Napoleon 
Bonaparte of France the million square 
miles. of the Louisiana Territory for 
$11,250,000 (plus interest, plus assump- 
tion of certain claims). 

It has turned out to be a° bargain 
because, in terms of money alone, 
land which was purchased in 1803 at 
the price of 4 cents an acre now is 
worth $50 an acre—figuring it all, 
towns, cities, and open country, at no 
more than the value of farm land. 

It has turned out to be a very fine 
“pig” indeed because an area which a 
contemporary geographer described 
as “wholly unfit for the abode of civil- 
ized man and entirely unsusceptible 
of cultivation” now is inhabited by 
24,000,000 people as civilized as any, 
and it feeds millions more. 

. There is far more to be said about 
the contributions of the 13 states 
eventually carved out of this vast do- 
main to the spiritual, cultural, and 
economic well-being of the nation 
and the world. But. there is a moral 
to be found in just the few facts cited: 
Where men have hope. courage, and 
liberty—never sell the future short. 

Less Relish for Murder 

A subtle change seems to be taking 
place in politics in Iran. At least if 
one may judge by one report. The re- 
port is that public sentiment ,in that 
trouble country has undergone’ a wave 
of revulsion at the kidnaping and slay- 
ing of Brig. Gen. Mahmud Afshartous, 
former national chief of pdlice. 

The event apparently has strength- 
ened the position of Premier Mossa- 

degh, whom General Afshartous. 

served, and has given a setback to his 
opposition, including Gen. Fazlollah 


from ‘the political intricnele: 

there is an interesting’ con- 

yéar later, with the @léction of the 
Mullah Kashani to héad the Majlis, 
that chamber voted a resolution par- 
doning and exonerating the presumed 
assassin, a member of the terrorist sect, 
Fedayan Islam. 

May it be that the use of political | 

assassination and other factional vio- 
lence is beginning to pall on the people 
of one of the world's oldest civiliza- 
tions? If so, there is hope in Iran. 

To Localize and Simplify 

Speculation over what is going to be 
done about the Taft@Hartley Act has 
revolved largely over whether or not 
it would be made “tougher” for labor 
and whether or not Congress would 
enact any changes at all..A bill just 
introduced into the Senate by Chair- 
man Alexander Smith of the Labor 
Committee indicates his group has 
been listening less to partisans on 
either the labor or management side 
and more to what the impartial ex- 
perts have said to it. 

Back in February, Paul M. Herzog, 
chairman of the National Labor Re- 
lations Board, told interested com- 
mittees of Congress that they could 
best help the cause of labor-manage- 
ment relatigns by minimizing govern- 
ment intervention, by narrowing the 
role of the body he heads, by making 
it easier to cede jurisdiction -over local 
controversies to state labor. boards, 
and by clarifying several provisions in 
the T-H law which now “give. too 
much discretion to your administra- 
tors (the NLRB).” 

Senator Smith's bill appears to leg- 
islate in the general direction of these 
recommendations. It would remove 
small employers and their employees | 
from jurisdiction of the T-H Act, as 
well as local public utilities, and busi- 
nesses whose interstate commerce 


When Three 

mth : 

Is Company 

SAF 2 So 

a, > — 
i Fe ~ : : 
“ i 
> —- *? Ss 

, weed 

falls below a specified percentage. The | 

bill would also vacate all T-H juris- | 
diction over the building industry. | 
(Something of a surprise, for it has 

been expected that an exception 
would be made only to meet that in- 

dustry’s difficulties over representation | 

and union shop elections.) 

All of this points: toward applying 
to federal versus state labor-manage- 
ment regulation somewhat the same 
approach as that which has long gov- 

eid inter-versus intrastate me 

ies would Senator Smith's bill 

: federal’ Jaw. “The 
leader of Moslem. ‘Norris Guardia Act applies share 

it is not specifically supplanted 


Why Does an Egg Cross the Street? 

A Dispatch From the Farm 

By John Gould 

Evety once in a while somebody tells me 
how lucky we are to have so many keen 
minds working on agricultural problems. 
We have come a long way, I am reminded, 
since the ox yoke, Then, again, I get hold 
of some such study as the one now before 
me, and begin to wonder if we have really 
made any progress at all, This one béars 
the inviting title: 


The authors have done a magnificent 
thing, but I don't know if ft contributes to 
the forward action of agriculture as much 


- /-— 


as they may think. They may presume they 
are adding materially to the efficiency of 
husbandry, but somebody ought to tell them 
the story of the little boy in school: 
Teacher: “Johnnie, if I have seven sheep 
in a field, and three of them jump 
over the fence, how many will be left 
in the field?” 
Johnnies “None.” 
Teacher: “My goodness, Johnnie, you don’t 
know your arithmetic, do you?” 
Johnnie: **Maybe not, but you don’t know 
Thus, when the authors explain the egg 
density per mile, which they do, they arrive 
at this intriguing tidbit: 




I might explain that y ig the density per,’ 
in case you didn’t know that. Ob-> 

viously, if you multiply density, per mile by 
the number of miles, you'll come up. with 
an answer, The object of this, naturally, is 
_ to.compute the time-cost of égg collection. 
It is fairly edsy to do this, except for certain 
“nonquantifiable factors” which gun tes 
experts all the way through their rch. 
Otherwise, they have a foolproof over-all 
: prediction equation. Yes. 

I hadn't looked upon egg collection as the. 

it +s 

This formula is interesting because it postu- 
lates upon the “variable” of the starting and 
stopping manners of the truck driver, and 
takes into account his “usual cruising 

I immediately .thought of Quint Hight, 
who collects eggs here and comes on Fridays 
—if he comes. Quint sometimes arrives 
as early as 5:45+am., and sometimes as 11:30 p.m. His usual] eruising speed 
is influenced by whatever is going on, and 

may or may not have anything to do with | 

eggs. I like Quint, and he uses me fine, and 
I am not casti@g aspersions, I am only try- 
ing to show that the researchers have over- 
stepped the limits of presumption if they ex- 
pect me to believe they have reduced Quint 
to a formulas Somehow when I look at their 
report and read: 

C= (+s) C,+ mC 2) 

I do not readily bélieve that Quint Hight is 
in parenthésés. Quint is also an auctioneer, 
and trades along his route, so that the time 
and cost functions of his typical day are 
academically elusive. 

One time little Kathie: was here alone 
with the responsibilities of management 
when Quint came, and she told him inno- 
cently that there were 115 dozen eggs. .He 
paid her for that number, but it was a slight 
error. There were 115 rows of eggs, with 
six eggs to a row, and not 115 dozen. When 
Quint found that this juvenile misunder- 
standing had led him to pay twice the price, 
he telephoned me in great perturbation of 
spirit, and the things he said are not in any 
of the logarithmic functions of the study re- 
ferred to. 

The authors ought to know Quint; it would 
take their minds off their work for a while 
and do them some good. I suspect he would 
prove ‘a nonquantifiable factor over and 
above those they have already found, and 
he might give them some ideas .along more 
fruitful lines. Quint works hard and is a 
good man. 

I am not going to show the printed re- 
port to Quint. I think he will be happier 
without seeing it. I think he would be upset 
to learn that his many happy moments en 
route, contybuting so much to his social and 
financial] security, are disposed of by the use 
of a soulless and disinterested “t.” Gayerece | 
time per: stop équals t.) 

The researchers have no doubt done a 
significant thing. Probably the.poultry in- 
dustry, to a man, has been waiting for just 
such a studious delineation of the time and 
cost functions of collecting eggs. At least I 

don't object. When they say that “the total | 

time spent in the collection of eggs is a 
function of the number of stops, time per 
stop, average miles per hour on. the. road, 
- and ‘total miles traveled,” I, for one, feel-in- 

» competent Pe deny. it. 

The Reader Writes 

Interview” With Gaiciel 

An Intimate Message From ‘Wuteene. 


Registered te UC. 6. Patent O@ice 

By Roland Sawyer 

{The fellows article ig prepared from 
Comics - the Senete Foreign 

cleased by 
The qucsiions ere phrosed by The 
Mon tor correspondent; the enswers are 
Gakes from General 
committee.] aa 

‘ Pa mth me to the 

Question: General Gruenther, what do 
you think is the basic target of Soviet 
strategy? As chief of staff to General Ridg- 
way, the Supreme Commander of Allied 
Powers in Europe, you probably are in as 

-authoritative position to answer this queés- 

tion as anyone, including the President. 

eral, what is the supreme object of the 
viets at this time? 

Answer: The main threat from Russia is 

| their attempt to divide the Allied powers. 


: Union 

@: Cah you give us an example? 

A: Remember that during their All- 
Congress last fall’ (in Moscow) 
speaker after speaker came forward and 
said, “These fellows are going to split. They 
can’t stand a competitive market, and they 
are going to fight each other.’ That is their 
hopé, and the fellow who sounded off most 
vigorously about it Was Malenkov, 

@: Do you think the peoples of the free 
world are going to believe that the Russians 
genuinely want disarmament? Will their 
present peace offensive be accepted at face 

A: . Well, it will be a great temptation. 

Q@:- But don’t our people believe there is 

| going to be a let-up in our defense appro- 
' priations? Look at Wall Street—the people 
' who have money to invest think so, 

A: It is one of our big worries now. I 
do want to say this as just one man’s view: 
that if aid programs are cut, it has to be 

_| very carefully made clear that this action 

doesn’t indicate we afe getting ready to pull 
out of Burope, or lose interest in Europe's 
defenses. That is the thing people in Europe 
keep watching all the time. 

Q: .Well, supposing we shift some of our 
aid from France to Indo-China. Would the. 

| French understand that we were not pulling 

| out of Europe. by such a shift? 

A: Yes. I think one of the major policy 

tasks of the United States is to assess pri- 

orities, in the light of the psychological 
effects that changes are going to have, be- 
cause the elemént which is really going to 
viin this struggle is unity. - 

Q@: General, do the French regard the 

| struggle in Indo-China on a par with Korea? 


A: Very, very much, When the French 

_ started out, there were many who considered 

ii a colonial war, but they are spending more 
money each year ‘Snow than ‘théir whole 
colonial investment in Indo-China, 

A: The British, when they 
world leaders, as they were from 1 
1914, studied world S meen svery 
boy who went to school studied it; it was 

hcw that we have in the industrial field now. 

@: We can sure run) machine tools, any 
man but— + 

A: But in this area of inspiring people 
and influencing rest of the world, which 
is the respaonsib of our we 
still have much to learn. 

Q@: The Russians are doing just that 
aren't they? 

A: Yes, they are accentuating and step- 
ping up the study of world politics. We have 
te be skilled in that same field; that. is, in 
the realm of ideas, so that we may do better 
than the Russians. 

Q: Why are the Communists so strong 
in France? 

A: In the election of 1951 the Commu. 
nists drew five million votes; that vote is @ 


Communists, do an effective job in organize 
ing that yote. 
Q@: Were those five million Communists? 
A: The French worker has. no more us@ 
for Soviet Russia than a laborer would havé 
in our country. But communism happens te 
be a title to him, a name of 
relieves him from’what he finds is opprés- 
sion. He feels that French management is 
not treating him properly, and here is somes 

by another term, but ii. France it happens to 
be called comniunisri. 

Q@: The Russians have cashed in on that 
name? | 
A: Yes. 

When the Twain Have Met 

By Ali Othman 

(Excerpts from an article in the Unt- 
versity of Chicago Magazine by an Arab 

A clear understanding of the modern) 

Arab world is necessary, if we are to an- 
ticipafe — and appreciate — changes in the 
human and political framework in the 
Middle East today. To appreciate the result 
of the recent crossing of Arab and Western 
cultures, we must know something of the 
Arab past along with the Western present. 

dn the old, pure Arab culture the indi- 
vidual was subject to two systems of co- 
ercive authority. One was the family, clan, 
or tribe. The other was the foreign gov- 
ernment occupying the territory at the 
time. Each had its own formal systems of 
rewards and restraints, but those of the 
clan were older and stronger. ... 

The government was far removed from 
the direct reach of the individual. He felt 
no sense of the government belonging to 
him or acting for him. He felt no sense 
that he owed personal moral allegionces to 
the state. 

Today, under the pressure of Western 
culture, both the clan and the Arab gov- 
ernments are changing. The veneration of 
the clan. and its principles, while not 
lessened,. has been allocated to a sphere 
mere of-respect than fear, more of family 
relations than court of law. . 

Young men and women no longer sub- 
mit blindly to their parents’ choice of life- 
mates, They begin to question the whole 
structure of the old traditions. With these 
| questionings come a deep restlessness and 
a yearning for basic changes in the social 
order, Women have been greatly emanci- 

| pated.... : 
At the same time the functions of govern- 

ment have expanded extensively. In theory 



12,<“A Moratorium _ on Invention?” ap- | 

‘pears to the writer to be too optimistic, | 

both in appraising the extent: of ‘the dicho- | 

tomy which has come to exist betw 
tural scientists and the mags 

several Arab countries today have consti- 

| tutional monarchies or republics with re- 

sponsible, cabinets. They have represent- 
ative’ parliaments whose mentbers are 
elected periodically. The will of the people 
is assumed to be the basis of civil author- 

| ity, Freedom’ of speech, organization, and 
| assemblage are guaranteed in principle with 

specific stated exceptions. All citizens are 
regarded as ‘entitled to equal protection be- 
foré.the law. Executive autiority is seen as 
determined by law, and administrative dis- 
cretion is, on the whole, subject to review.. 

The theoretical framework is fairly com- ~ 

plete. Public revenues and expenditures are 

dangered their traditions. 
Their struggles have lasted “tong enough 
to make freedom from outside abuse 
deepest sentiment. Any new idea or 
in the 

ently presents itself full of the physical and 
moral strength necessary to liberate them 
from their age-old enemy- 
(This is surely an odd position for the most 
imperialistic nation on. earth.) ,..