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Shepilov 
— Rankin 


Keeps 
Kremlin 


. By Paul Wohl 
Written for The Christian Science Monitor 


Moscow’s claim ‘that ~ the 
change of foreign ministers does 
not affect its foreign policy has 
been widely accepted in the 
West. 


Some observers feel that the 
shift ultimately may enhance the 
stature of Dmitri T. Shepilov, 
who remains an alternate mem- 
ber of the ruling party pre- 
Sidium and has regained the 
Strategic post of a secretary of 
the central committee. : 

While this particular move of 
Feb. 15 could not be foreseen, 
it was certain that the current 
session of the Supreme Soviet, 
or parliament, with its plan re- 
port for the current year and 
other novelties, pointed to new 
departures. The tenor of the 
Supreme Soviet’s “debate” was 
an attempt to develop a new 
Political and economic § style 
marked by. greater fiexibility, 
decentralization, and a more 
modern, practical way of doing 
things. 


Report Approved 

This was brought out in Mr. 
Shepilov’s foreign-policy ad- 
dress of Feb. 12 as well as in the 
speech on the current plan by 
Mikhail G.. Pervukhin, First 
Deputy Premier and supreme 
econémic coordinator. 

Mr. Shepilov’s report was 
solemnly approved in a resolu- 
tion signed by the chairman of 
the presidium of the Supreme 
Soviet, President of the Repub- 
lic Voroshilov, and the Presid- 
jum’s new Georgian secretary, 
Mikhail P. Gheorgadze. 

Peking’s endorsement of the 
Supreme Soviet’s foreign-policy 
platform, especially of its pro- 
gram for the Middle East, seems 
to indicate that Mr. Shepilov’s 
replacement as foreign minister 
by Andrei A. Gromyko had 
nothing to do with the reserved, 
if not unfavorable, response of 
Egypt and other Middle East 
countries. | 

By Soviet standards a shift 
of Foreign Ministers is not nec- 
essarily of political importance. 
When in 1939 Vyacheslav M., 
Molotov. replaced Maxim —_M. 
Litvinov as People’s Commissar 
of Foreign Affairs, Soviet policy 
had changed; when in 1949 the 
late Andrei Y. Vishinsky re- 
lieved Mr. Molotov, it was of no 
political significance. 


Significance Weighed 

Cabinet shifts follow differ- 
ent rules in the U.S.S.R., and 
their significance varies from 
case to case: 

1. Members of the ruling 
party presidium are not infre- 
quently given ministerial posts 
or relieved of them. 

2. The post of Foreign Minis- 
ter is not of the highest, order in 
the - Soviet political -hierarchy. 
Neither Vishinsky nér Litvinov 
belonged to the Politburo or to 
the inner cabinet. Experienced 
observers believe that Mr. Molo- 
toy’s present assignment as Min- 
ister of State Control is politi- 
cally more important than was 
Mr. Shepilov’s post of Foreign 


Minister, but the ultimate source 
of Mr. Molotov’s authority re- 
mains his senior membership of 
the party presidium. 

3. Mr. S lov’s replacement 
as Foreign Minister by decision 
of the party’s central committee 
three days after the approval of 
his speech by the Supreme 
viet confirms that the Supreme 
Soviet remains a sounding board 
and that political decisions are 
taken by the party’s central 
committee. 


No Rift Seen > 


Since Stalin it. has become 
customary for the central com- 
mittee to meet on the eve of the 
Supreme Soviet’s session. Be- 
cause virtually all its members 
also belong to the Supreme So- 
viet or Parliament, it forms a 
caucus. In view of the long- 
drawn-out session of the Su- 
preme Soviet, a second meeting 
or plenum of the central com- 
mittee was nothing extraor- 


porno BOS PON, -MONDAY;,-FEBRUARY “18; 1957 eo 
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PenalGuards| 


Trained For 
Reform Era 


By Laura Haddock 
Staff Writer of 
The Christian Science Monitor 

Guards at Massachusetts penal 
institutions — officially called 
correctional officers now — are 
being put through a course of 
fin-service training which the 
Commissioner of Correction de- 
clares is the best of its kind in 
the country. 

“In this one respect at least,” 
says Commissioner Russell G. 
Oswald, “Massachusetts is way 
out ahead.” He is from Wiscon- 
sin and has long been in touch 
with the progress made in all 
the states. 

In the refresher course of two 
weeks, 40 hours a week, guards 
‘are taught to know their job, to 


‘know their profession, to know. 


their department—the Depart- 
ment of Correction, that is. 
There is a four-week course 
of orientation for new guards, 
and in each institution there 
now is a-training officer to give 
daily on-the-job instruction. 


Sights Lengthened 
Mr. Oswald says he hopes that 


dinary. 
4. Party Chief. Nikita -5. 


Khrushchev’s speech before the | 


“plenum,” its subsequent (un- 
published) policy decisions, se- 


lection of Frol R. Kozlov, first | 


secretary of the Leningrad Prov 
ince party organization, as al- 
ternate members of the party 


ai the former | 
presidium, and of the for ‘something that has yet to be) 


om ey 
ikolai S. Patolichev, as First) 


boss of Byelorussia, 


Deputy Foreign Minister, only | 


indicate that the central commit- | 
tee continues to function as an 


arena of political discussion | 
where differences among the 
leaders are straightened out in a 


businesslike manner, presumably | 


by vote. 
New Job Outlined 


_ Responsible observers see no' 


sign of a serious rift in the out- 
come of this latest central com- 
mittee “plenum.” All that is 
known is that since the war Mr. 
Patolichev’s career has been as- 
sociated with the rise of Mr. 
Khrushchev. Mr. Kozlov is re- 
membered for a strongly anti- 
Semitic article in No. 1 of Kom- 
munist in 1953 which appeared 
the same week in which the al- 
leged plot of the “doctors-mur- 


derers” was sprung upon the 


world. 

5. Mr. Shepilov’s foreign- 
policy speech, as well as subse- 
quent speeches by the influential 
President of Uzbekistan, Sharaf 
R. Rashidov, and Minister of 
Culture. Nikolai A. Mikhailov, 
point to plans for drawing Com- 


sometime in the future there 
will be stil] another section 
added to the training program: 


colleges, 
for promising men on the staffs 


of the prisons to prepare them 


for promotion to top positions 
in the system. But that is 


worked out. 
In the meantime, | 2 
philosophy of “rehabilitation 


; 
: 


) 


-education in outside schools and | 
on scholarship basis, 


the new) 


rather than mere punishment,” | 
¥% 


which gripped Massachusetts 


‘after the 1955 disturbance at 4 


the state prison in Charlestown | | 


and the findings of the Wessell 


Committee which studied —the) 


entire penal system, is being 
aided immeasurably by the re- 


fresher course for older per- | 


manent uniformed employees. 
First, in groups of 25 or so 
lat a time they meet their com- 
missioner and his deputies and 
are given the opportunity to 
talk informally, to ask ques- 
tions, and to speak their minds. 
| They meet and talk with 
\psychiatrists. Some of these 
‘guards have questioned’ the 
value of psychiatric aid in the 


|prisons until they have talked 
| and | 


with the _ psychiatrists 

learned more about their work. 
In fact, one of the most valu- 

able accomplishments of the 


course, says Edwin Powers, Dep- | 


uty Commissioner of Correction 
in charge of personnel and train- 
ing, is the closer communication 
it is establishing between Vari- 
ous levels and various types of 


munist parties, Communist sym- 
pathizers, and socialistically 


minded nationalists of under- | 


developed countries into one or- 


ganized world movement or | 
action group. Mr. Shepilov is | 
believed to be well suited to} 


spark, orchestrate, and direct 


such a drive. 


If this view is carried out by 
events, Mr. Shepilov will gain 
in importance, and traditional 
foreign policy will take second 
place under its present director, 
Mr, Gromyko, who in Moscow 
is referred to as an “ideal execu- 
tive,” or diplomatic machine 
man. 


Bermuda Parley 


Stirs Speculation 


By Henry S. Hayward 


Chief of the London News Bureau of The Christian Science Monitor 


London 

Under active behind-the- 
scenes discussion in both Lon- 
) is “the 
~ agenda for ~ the“ férthcoming 
meeting between Prime Minister 
Harold Macmillan and President 
Eisenhower. 

The March 21 Bermuda ren- 
dezvous between the British and 
American leaders is seen here 
less as an attempt to thrash out 
-specifie problems than as public 
evidence of the reconciliation 
between the two governments. 

Whitehall experts neverthe- 
less emphasize that the Eisen- 
hower-Macmillan confrontation 
would not be satisfactory to 
either man—or either country— 
if it were merely a showpiece. 
They expect serious business to 
be transacted, and considerable 
candor to be expressed by both 
sides. 


Action Stressed 


They want no repetition of 
last year’s high-sounding “Wash- 
ington declaration,” issued after 
the meeting between then Prime 
Minister Sir Anthony Eden and 
the President—which upon re- 
reading now the British find 
“meaningless.” 

Much needed, however, is a 
frank reassessment of what the 
Anglo-American alliance means 
in terms of action in 1957. Spe- 
cifically: What. policy moves 
which Britain today supports 
and desires will the United 
States also give full support to? 

Will British initiative and 
“push” in some places be con- 
strued in Washington as an em- 
barrassment—or, worse, some- 
thing to be quietly opposed or 
counteracted? 

In short, from now on where, 
when, and how is the old Lon- 
don-Washington bond to be im- 
plemented, taking account of 
rapidly altering conditions af- 
feeting Britain and the rough 
East-West balance of power in 
effect at the moment? 

These are the type of ques- 
tions ‘London hopes the bilateral 
talks will clarify. 

From the British viewpoint, 


enently 


therefore, the Bermuda confer- 
ence should include a candid 
look at the informal ties be- 
tween the two nations. “If Lon- 


cert their ideas better on matters 
which lie outside the text of 
the NATO treaty, Britain in Eu- 
rope would be a more useful 
and less expensive friend,” com- 
ments the weekly Economist. 


Royal Visit Weighed? 

The British press is promi- 
featuring reports from 
Washington of a probable visit 
of Queen Elizabeth II and the 


Duke of Edinburgh to the United | 


States in the fall of this year. 
But it is authoritatively learned 

that there are no plans at 

present for the Queen to visit the 


United States or Canada. 
It is added that this is by no 
means the first time that the 


possibility of a royal visit to the | 
United States has been mooted. | 


An official at Buckingham Palace 
stated “There is no plan at the 
moment for such a visit.” 

The British also have views 


about the recent visit of King | In the “know your job” part | 
: J J < 


Saud to the United States. They 
see the Americans as well 
pleased with the prospect that 
the Saudi Arabian ruler will act, 
in effect, as a salesman for the 
Eisenhower Doctrine. 


King Saud Hesitates 


But they reportedly are not 
pleased about the American 
promise of more arms for Saudi 
Arabia, pone these might be 
used by King Saud to the detri- 
ment of British interests on the 
Arabian peninsula, in the same 
way Whitehall still believes 


American oil payments were | 
used to British disadvantage in | 


Jordan, 


The belief here is that the 
Arabian monarch gave Ameri- | 
ean officials no reason to expect | 
that he intends to restore diplo- | 


matic relations with Britain. It 
is understood King Saud re- 
mains bitter toward London, 
especially about the Buraimi 
Oasis dispute. 


| profession” 


workers in the department of 
correction. Prejudices fail, he 
says, when competent men are 
brought face to face with one 
another. 


of “know your department.” The 
task of learning to “know your 
is not 
however. 


The men are taught the rudi- | 
ments of judo, They are taught | 


how to search an inmate for 
weapons—a thing they usually 
think they» know: perfectly well 
without being-trained to do, but 
may find they do not know at 


| - Somewhere 


all when faced with an inmate 


'who has hidden a knife or a 
'small gun on his persan more 


cleverly than usual, 
They are taught the best at- 


'titude for the corrections officer | 
to take 
There are two extremes to this, | 


toward the 


Mr. Powers says. 


| At one end is the guard who 


| firmly believes he should never 
speak to an inmate but should 
hold himself completely apart 
|and aloof. 


‘Told to Avoid Extremes 
| At the other extreme is the 
man who gets too friendly with 


don.and Washington would con- |immates,so™ that everitually “he 


‘finds himself unable to say no 
to a request for a favor. 

‘ideal attitude, and in the re- 
fresher course this problem is 
| discussed thoroughly. One of the 
;most popular lectures in the 


|course, says Mr. Powers, is the 
one given by the personnel man- | 


ager of a big manufacturing 
company nearby, who speaks on 
general methods of dealing with 
people. 

There is a brief lecture and 
|demonstration on first aid, given 
i|by the Red Cross. There is work 
| with firearms. Edward A. DePel- 
| teau, a nationally famous marks- 

man, gives instruction’ in the 
|use of the rifle. James Brennan, 
‘an expert in judo, handles the 
|courses in that form of self- 
| defense. 
Mr. Powers’s central staff in- 
i\cludes Palmer C. Scafati, super- 
|vising training officer, and Mel- 
|\vin Farnsworth and James F. 
‘Mahoney, Jr., training instruc- 
tors. 


1of the course, the classes take 
| trips to all the institutions in the 
| system to learn the functions of 
|each one, 

As of today, 22 per cent of the 
761 uniformed employees have 
taken either an _ . orientation 
course or the refresher course. 
The program will provide the re- 
fresher course for each man once 
in every two years, Mr. Powers 
says. 


Inside 
Reading: . 

Manchester Teachers 

Why They Struck 

Page 2 
Nasser Decisions 

Deadlines Approach 

age 4 

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All this comes under the head | 


neglected, | 


inmate. | 


between lies the | 


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United Press 


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Washington News Huddle: Dulles States U.S.. Stand 


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‘On Gaza Stand > 


By Neal Stanford 


Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science 


- President Eisenhower has explained again 


Monitor 
Washington 
why he wishes 


Israel to withdraw its troops from Egypt before a frontier 


settlement is made. 


His statement and his reaffirmed stand on this question 
will cause Israel to decide whether to accept a promise of 
later aid from the United States where it cannot obtain a 
present American guarantee. Israel has the choice of going 
it alone or relying on American influence to get what it wants 

The President said in a public statement that the United 
Nations Charter binds all members to settle disputes by 
§ peaceful means, and “these undertakings seem to preclude 
m using the forcible seizure and occupation of other lands as 
~;- bargaining power in the settlement of international dis- 
>. putes.” For this.reason_Brit- g_ 


ain and France withdrew un- 
conditionally, he said, when 
asked to do so by the General 
Assembly. “The United States 


s- believes that Israel should do 


ie | Ses “Queer 
<2 ef “ > 1a a eo _ . xe 


tie 


on Gaza * e« ® 


likewise.”’ 


So Far, No Further 


The President made it clear 
that he has gone as far as he 
intends to in supporting Israel's 
claims in the Gaza strip and the 
Gulf of Aqaba. After Israel first 
approves the UN resolution re- 
quiring withdrawal behind the 
armistice lines, Washington is 
prepared to support its claims to 
‘free, and peaceful passage” of 
the Gulf of Aqaba. 

Then the United States is pre- 
pared to support a UN police 
force in Gaza to assure peace. 
But further than that, the 
President has told Israeli Pre- 
mier Ben-Gurion, the United 
States-is not now prepared to 
go. Take: it, and the United 
States will use its full diplomatic 
power to support Israel’s right 


ee to use of the Gulf of Aqaba and 
». freedom from raids from Gaza. 


aN Sey wat : Ss > > : 
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. « » While Ambassador Abba Eban Tells Israel’s Side of Deadlock 


Refuse it; and Israel stands iso- 
lated, defying “the overwhelm- 
ing judgment of the world com- 
munity,” and facing the pros- 
pect of sanctions. 

The crisis has become so se- 
rious the President is returning 
to Washington from his Georgia 
Vacation well ahead of schedule. 
It became so critical over the 
weekend that Secretary of State 
John Foster Dulles and Ambas- 
sador Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., 
chief United States delegate to 
the UN, flew down to Georgia 
to see the President. The dead- 
lock developed so quickly that 
Secretary. Dulles and _ Israeli 
Ambassador Abba Eban held 
three lengthy meetings in 48 
hours. 


Point of Deadlock 
The deadlock could be re- 


The Washington Scene 


Effective Foreign Aid 


Washington 
We'll be hearing a lot about 
foreign-aid programs this 
spring. The new Eisenhower 


budget Calls for $4,350,000;000 


in foreign military and eco- 
|'nomic aid for fiscal 1958. Per- 
‘haps this year, with all the 
\likely debate, we can get 
(more clearly in mind what 
foreign aid is all about. 

' ee Se 

The business of administer- 
ing an effective aid program 
an intricate, skilled pro- 
'fession. Americans in general, 
}and..some..members .of..Con- 
| gress in particular, whose 
‘automatic reaction to the 
words “foreign aid” is to think 
lot" “operation rathole,” "or 
“dogoodism and waste,” or 
'“no foreign aid whatsoever,” 
or “no grants, only loans,” 
may find that there’s more to 
the subject than snap gen- 
eralizations. 

Certainly the subject is re- 
‘ceiving a lot of official atten- 
tion. Congress.has set up two 
foreign-aid studies. President 
‘Eisenhower. appointed — the 
Fairless Citizens Committee 
on Foreign Assistance Pro- 
grams, and its report is due 
|March 1. Max F, Millikan 
‘and W. W. Rostow of the 
| Center for International 
‘Studies, Massachusetts Insti- 
tute of Technology, have 
written extensively on policy 
toward the underdeveloped 
countries. Paul G. Hoffman, 
former Marshall Plan admin- 
istrator, has advanced useful 
new ideas. 

When the Fairless commit- 
tee report is in, the President 
is expected to send a special 
foreign-aid message to Con- 
gress in support of his budget- 
‘ary request. With some mem- 
‘bers of Congress up in arms 
‘over the size of the budget, 
the foreign-aid program is 
likely to be singled out for 
special attention by the prun- 
ing shears. 

What should be the pur- 


is 


. pose of our foreign-aid pro- 


'gram? Manifestly it has to 
‘serve the interests of the 
‘United States in an intelli- 
i'gent way. President Eisen- 
‘hower has said that. “one- 
ithird of all mankind has en- 
tered upon a/historic struggle 
for a new freedom: freedom 
from grinding poverty.” A 
good many people think that 
the whole -four-billion-dollar 
aid program would go into 


February 18, 1957 


development “schemes © for 
backward countries. Actually, 
of the $3,776,000,000 budgeted 
for foreign aid in fiscal 1957, 
only $350,000,000 was for 
économic development — just 
about one-tenth. 

The rest went into military 
assistance and defense sup- 
port. It went toward main- 
taining South Korea’s mili- 
tary divisions, bolstering South 
Vietnam’s armed _§ strength, 
bulwarking the army-strained 
Turkish economy. These were 
necessary measures. But they 
weren't economic develop- 
ment. 

We are all aware that 
Moscow and the Communists 
are at work among the under- 


‘Can That Be Hitched to a Plow?’ 


developed, emergent peoples. 
They offer a utopia achieved 
by Marxist methods, We pre- 
fer not to have communism 
capture this undecided one- 
third of mankind. But how do 
we prevent this—by signing 
up the new nations in military 


-pacts of allegiance to us and 


the West? Suppose they don’t 
want to sign up? 


ht the. 


The real, the achievable 
long-range aim of foreign aid 
is to build independent, stal- 
wart nations out of these 
emergent countries. A hint as 
to how it can be done was il- 
lustrated dramatically the 
other day in Iraq, in the Mid- 
dle East. Iraq, though an Arab 
nation, has stood firm in 
maintaining its Western con- 
nections. Egypt and Syria, 
with propaganda and subver- 


sion, have sought to topple 
Iraq’s pro-Western govern- 
ment. But the government 
hasn't toppled, even with the 
tumult over Suez. 

The reason: Iraq has an ex- 


nr 
ag 


By WILLIAM H. STRINGER, Chief, Washington Bureau, The Christian Science Monitor 


tensive development program 
under way (financed by its 
own oil revenues). Says the 
London Economist: “Demon- 
strations of the classic anti- 
Western type, once so easily 
engineered by a quick whip 
around the slums, have be- 
come more difficult for the 
usual agents to organize, be- 


solved—irf: 

1. Israel would accept an 
American “promise” to help 
satisfy its claims in the Gulf 
of Aqaba and the Gaza strip. 

2. The United, States would 
give Israel a “guarantee” of its 
security and shipping rights 

But Israel will not buy a 
“promise,” and Uncle Sam will 
not give a “guarantee.” 

On earlier occasions the Presi- 
|dent stated that Israel, as an 
| aggressor in Egypt, did not have 
the right to make conditions to 
withdrawal. Israe] replied that 
its very security depends: on the 
guarantee of such conditions 
after withdrawal. And Israel 
makes the point that while the 
United States is demanding that 
it live up to a UN Assembly 


cause men éarning 15 shil- | 


lings (unskilled) to 30 shillings | 
are buying | 


' U.S. Stand on Gaza_ 


broken head or a spell in jail.” | 


(skilled) a day 
watches and radios and are 
no longer willing to risk a 


resolution about 
from Gaza and 
Aqaba area, President Eisen- 
hower makes no demands on 
Egypt that it obey an earlier UN 
Security Council decision that 
Egypt stop restricting Israeli 
use of the Suez Canal. 

The Israelis don’t like to say 
it, but they feel this is part of a 
double standard of morality in 
the conduct of foreign relations 
—a charge that both Republican 
and Democratic senators have 
been making of tate. If President 
Eisenhower is going to insist that 
Israel obey a UN resolution, why 
does it not insist with equal 
vehemence, that Egypt obey a 
UN demand, that the Soviet 
Union respect a UN vote on 
Hungary, or that India respect a 
UN resolution on Kashmir? 


withdrawal 
the Gulf of 


Implied Answer 


Implied in the President's 
Statement was the answer: That 
economic action through closing | 
a canal on Egyptian territory is 
not a use of military force under 
the terms of. the-charter. And 
that although the United States 
has publicly deplored this inter- 
ference with free navigation in 
the canal, it was not a use of 
full-scale military attack, such 
as the action of Israel was. 

There are-some other possible 
solutions to thit latest deadlock 
in the Middle East. Israeli For- 
eign Minister, Mrs. Golda Meir, 
has listed four—though only one 
directly involves the United 
States they are: 

l. A “precise guarantee” by 
the United States of Israel's se- 
curity and navigation rights: 
An “agreement” signed by 
Israel, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and 
Jordan (the four littoral states 
on the Gulf of Aqaba) guaran- 
teeing free navigation for all: 

3. A UN decision to keep an 
emergency force along the gulf 
until free navigation is assiired. 

4. A “peace treaty” between 
Israe] and Egypt:ending their 
hostility, 


Ss 


Israel’s Position | 

But Israel's position is that it 
cannot take less than a guaran- 
tee from anybody. It may prefer 
to face sanctions than to face 
uncertainty. A United States 
promise to do its best to help is 
not considered enough. 

But President Bisenhower has 
indicated that if Israel is ad- 
mant it faces worldWide con- 


demnation; United States oppose 


sition, possible sanctions. 

Israel’s critical decision. must 
be whether it is more dangerous 
to go it alone or to rely on a 
promise. 


These Iragis had new in- | 


terests—irrigation, new hous- | 
bridge building—some- | 
thing better to do than to riot | 
against a departed colonial- | 


ing, 


ism. And that, as Messrs. Mil- 


likan and Rostow comment, | 
~~suggests the aim of" arty “en="T 
foreign-aid pro- | 
gram. The objective should be. 
to awaken hope and interest | 


lightened 


about the future, to show that 
improved living standards are 
attainable by hard work, to 
shift thought to constructive 
allegiances, . 


In India, for instance, elec- 


tion candidates debate as to 
who has done most to further 
India’s five-year plan. In some 
other countries, the 


Who did the most in ousting 
the Dutch, or the French? 
} re? aw 

The Arab lands aren't easily 
budged from old attitudes. But 
here an imaginative approach 
might work wonders: such as 
the establishment of an Arab 
League redevelopment bank 
for making development loans 
to the entire Middle East. 
King Saud might be per- 
suaded to invest his oil reve- 


nues in this bank instead of | 


into Colonel Nasser’s propa- 
ganda drives. : 

One way or another, we are 
going to hear a lot about for- 


in the months ahead. Foreign 


aid is part of the Eisenhower | 
Doctrine for the Middle East. | 


sterile | 
election debate still concerns: | 


in his Feb. 17 statement: 


By a Stef Correspondent of The Christian Science Monttor 


Washington 


Why the United States is pressing Israel to withdraw from 
Egypt was explained by President Eisenhower in these words 


“Israel would prefer to have the future status of the Gulf 
of Aqaba and the Gaza strip definitely settled to its satisfac- 
tion prior to its withdrawal, and as a condition thereto. But 
all members of the United Nations are solemnly bound by the 
‘Charter to settle their interiational disputes by péaceful Means, 
and in their international relations to refrain from the threat 
or use of force against the territorial integrity of any state. 


These undertakings seem to preclude using the forcible seizure 
and occupation of other lands as bargaining power in the settle- 


ment of international] disputes. 


“The United Kingdom and France, which occupied portions 
of Egypt at about the time of Israel’s attack upon Egypt of last 
October, withdrew promptly and unconditionglly tn response 


} tothe same United Nations resolution that called for Israett 
withdrawal. They deferred to the overwhelming judgment of 


the world community that a solution of their difficulties with 
Egypt should be sought after withdrawal, and not be made a 
condition precedent to withdrawal. The United States believes 


that Israel should do likewise.” 
United States releases note on Middle East stand: Page 3 


Dulles offers plan for Gaza strip settlement: Page 12 
Israel note to United States released: Page 12 


Israel Calls Envoy 
To U.S. for Report . 


The World's Day 


Mideast: Eban Recalled for Consultation 


_ Abba Eban. Israeli Ambassador to the United States has been 
| recalled for immediate consultations. 


| New England: Dockers to Return to Work 


eign development programs | With-a settlement of the east coast dock strike announced, ports 
| from Virginia to Maine began preparing for d resumption of 


France has proposed a Eur- | 


_ Washington: Playwright Miller Indicted 


Playwright Arthur Miller was indieted-on-two- charges of con- 


africa development. West 
Germany aims to work more 


with backward nations. The | 
United Nations has its own | 


“Point Four” program. It 
would be useful if we could 
discover that John. Hollister, 
director of this country’s In- 
ternational Cooperation Ad- 
ministration, was taking an 
imaginative look at the future. 


work early this week. New England longshoremes are ex- 
pected to return to their jobs tomorrow morning. [Page 14.] 


tempt of Congress. Mr. Miller had refused to tell a House com- 
mittee the names of fellow writers with whom he admitted 


attending Communist Party meetings in 1947. 
Eric Ollenhauer, West German Socialist leader, said his 30- 


minute talk with Secretary of State Dulles featured a “very 
satisfactory” review of European problems. 


Weather Predictions: Cloudy Tonight (Page 2) 


Art, Music, Theater: Page 5. Radio, FM, TV: Page 7 


put 


Tre a ae apewtbeget: ES ANS Sy" 6 1 ae oP 


EPRI ESS: <= Pik aang i eer prea Legh ptt AEE 


gr | . 


—_ 


‘Fifteen Years of Pay Negotiations’ | 
_ Marked by Manchester Teachers 


By Mary Handy 
Stag Writer of 
The Christian Sctence Monitor 
_....._Manehester, N.H. 

“Can people think it is an ac- 
cident that there is such a teach- 
et shortage from coast to coast?” 
asked Joseph G. Thomas, a Man- 
chester high-schoo! teacher. 

“Tt’s no accident,” he con- 
tinued. “How many self-respect- 
ing people you know want to 
enter a profession that will give 
them $56 of take-home pay a 
week with which to support 
their families?” 

We were sitting in a basement 
teachers’ room of the Central 
Public High School in Manches- 
ter- discussing why 365 Man- 
chester teachers went on strike 
for higher salaries a few days 


ago. 
it's only after 15 years of 


' discouraging negotiation that we 


have come to this point,” added 
Mr. Thomas, “At one time Man- 
chester had the best teacher 
salary schedule in the state. Now 
it has one of the worst. The 
take-home pay of the average 
teacher is $56 a week. 

“Every effort now is aimed at 
keeping taxes low to attract new 
industry. The aldermen and 
finance committee can and do 
cut the school budget to ribbons.” 

The six high-school teachers 
who talked with us showed by 


. their words and-expressions that 


they neither were nor are en- 
thusiastic about going on a 
strike. They thought long and 
hard before they took such ac- 
tion, 


“What Else Could We Deo?’ 

“We are conservative people,” 
in Miss Adelaide Dodge, 
chairman of the social science 
department. “We don’t like to 
stay home from classes. But 
what else could we do? We 


‘years of unsuccessful negotia- 
tion.” 


Their , three-day. strike came. 
after the Manchester city gov-— 
‘ernment refused their request) 


| 


for salary increases at all levels 
and giving possible tops of $4,- 
700 (no degree), $5,000 (bache- 
lor’s degree) and $5,300 (mas- 
ters degree). 

Instead, the Mayor offered 
ithem the 10 per cent increase 
going to all city empolyees and 
there was talk of their reaching 
their requested maximums after 
four years. But to the teachers 
this sounded like just more talk. 
When they were refused their 
request for arbitration to find a 
middie ground, they § stayed 
home from classes until the 
| State Superior._Court.decided 
that they should not. 


Now the right of a teacher to. 


strike is being fought out in the 
New Hampshire Supreme Court 
—and the teachers are back in 
their classes. 

The alternative that hundreds 
of teachers are taking all over 
the nation—leaving teaching for 
some profession that pays bet- 
ter—does not seem to attract 
these although undoubtedly 
many could find other work. 


Question of Quality 

“There isn’t anybody among 
the teachers who is finished,” 
explained Miss Dodge. 
we're hunting for other ways 
to convince people of our needs. 

“At present salaries we sim- 
ply cannot attract the best 
young teachers to Manchester. 
Our concern is not just for our- 
selves. We hate to ~see the 
quality of teaching deteriorate. 

“I really think many Man- 
chester residents don’t know the 
difference between a. good 
| teacher and a poor teacher. For 
them a teacher is a_ teacher. 


“Now 


J 


es 
© 
ost 
 ¥ 


know no other weapon after 15 | Now, since we stayed home from | to make one another stay ho 
| Classes, for the first time many | Miss te 


are reading what we are paid. 
“The public. doesn’t..realize | 

that as professional le we) 

expect to send our children to 


; 


college. We just can’t get along | 


on a Woolworth salary.” | 

Leonard Foley, chairman of 
the science department broke 
in: “As you can imagine, our | 
teen-agers here aren't thinking | 
about going into teaching. They | 
see us having to work at other | 
jobs late afternoons and eve-| 
nings. ; 

“And believe me, the teacher | 
who has to work evenings and | 


, Saturdays at some other job is 


not able to put his full energy | 
into teaching—and good teach- | 
ing needs all you can give.” | 
Not Union Members 

The teachers of Manchester do | 
not belong to any national labor | 
union. They have a local club | 
called the Manchester Teacher’s | 


Guild which does everything | 


from carrying on drives for the | 


Red Cross to negotiating for sal | 
aries. Eighty-nine per cent of | 
Manchester’s 365 teachers be- | 
long to the guild. | 


Last fall the teachers in the 


‘guild voted to have their salary 
| committee work out what they 


considered a fair salary. They 
decided to fight for it even to 
the point of taking “drastic 
action.” 

When the refusal of the city 
government to accept their pro- 
posal convinced them = such 
“drastic action” Was néressary 
they ran ads in the local news- 
paper. explaining their. view- 
point and stating they expected 
to remain away from classes 
the following Monday. 

“None of us made any effort 


DRIVING 
in 

BOSTON 
iS 


It’s rough on you .. . your pocketbook . . , your car. Even 
collision costs a lot of money these 


days... 


their struggle for higher salaries. 


7). ee ee 


ve 


e explains. 
even know myself who the 


t showed - 


handful were tha 
the first day. I am actually 


amazed so large a proportion 
wanted to stay out. We are con- 
servatives. It indicates how 
deeply troubled we all are...” 


The teachers’ requests are not) 


only for higher beginning and 
top salaries but for “straighten- 
ing things out in the middie.” 
Salaries Not Adjusted 
“Every time they changed the 
minimum they didn’t change the 
salaries according,” explains Mr. 


Foley. “New teachers from other 
towns are hired on a better 
basis than those who have been 
here three or four or five years. 
That’s bad on morale.” ) 

The short strike has brought 
telephone calls and letters from 
all over the nation to the Man- 
chester schools. Within the 
town ‘the teachers are well 
aware of divided opinion. But 
they feel the students and most 
of the parents are on their side. 

Many casual acquaintances 
among the professional people 
have been grabbing teachers 
hands and'‘encouraging them in 


On the other side, Miss Dodge 


:! ¥ 

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tons a 
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» i FF pane ves 
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Frick Art Reference Library 


recently overheard a beauty 


salon operator asking: “What do | 


they. want? Cadillacs?” 

The only local 
have formally supported them 
so far, she adds, are the musi- 
cians and the firefighters. 

But one result seems clear: Not 
for a long time in Manchester 
have teachers’ salaries been the 
hottest subject for street-corner 
conversation. 

Second of two articles. The 
first was published on Feb. 16. 


R.I. Landowner 


Upheld by Court 


On Shore Rights 


By the Associated Press 


Providence, R&.I. | 


Superior Court, Judge John S. | 
McKiernan, describing as funda- | 


imental the right of shore prop- | 
‘erty owners to build a wharf 


‘out to navigable waters, 
‘denied a petition designed 


has | 
to 


| prevent Commerce Oil Company 
ifrom constructing a pier for its 
|proposed $39,000,000 oil refinery 
'on the island of Jamestown. 


group 


The petition for preliminary 
injunction was brought by a 
of Jamestown property 
owners. 

Judge McKiernan said he 
doubted even the state Legisla- 
ture could prevent the company 


| from building the pier for tank- 
‘ers on its own property. Action 


of the state’s Division of Har- 


‘bors and Rivers in passing on the 


| pier 


is merely regulatory, he 


| said. 


rwinds’ 23" to "35 iles Tuesday. 


Commerce oil is to meet with 


the Navy this week. to determine | 


if agreement can be reached on 
the refinery’s construction. The 
Navy has expressed fear the 
company’s installations and op- 
erations will interfere with its 
activities at Newport and Quon- 
set Point. The company would 
process for the Gulf Oil Com- 
pany if it follows through on its 
construction plans. Official town 
approval already has been given. 


Weather Predictions 


By U.S. Weather Bureau 

Colder... Windy Tuesday... 
Massachusetts, Rhode Island, 
and Connecticut: Windy, mostly 
cloudy, and little change in 
temperature with brief period 
of very light snow likely after 
midnight. Lowest temperature 
near 30 degrees. in Boston and 
vicinity. Tuesday clearing, 
windy, and somewhat colder. 
Maine, New Hampshire, and 
Vermont: Cloudy, little change 
in temperature, and a little light 
snow tonight. Tuesday partly 
cloudy and somewhat colder 
with snow flurries. 
Eastpert to Block 
Westerly winds 25 to 
an hour and gusty 
southwest tonight. 


Island: 
35 mules 
becoming 
Westerly 


‘Cloudy with a little very light 


snow likely late tonight... Visi- 


, bility good except in the light 


| American 
| ounces: 


Remember, insurance doesn’t cover everything, not by a 
long shot. You can smo-o-oth your commuting . . . simply 
by ‘guy outside the city traffic jams in one of the spacious 
MTA 


lots .. . and riding swiftly, safely intown under the 
confusion. Total cost of all-day 


round-trip anywhere 


WHICH MTA LOT IS NEAREST YOUR ROUTE? 


BEACHMONT, at MTA Beachmont Ropid Transit 
Station. On Revere Beach Parkway, just off 


Route 1-A at Revere. 


CAMBRIDGE, at Kendall Square near Routes 


C-9 and C-28. 


EAST CAMBRIDGE, ot Lechmere Square, off 
U. S. Route 1, near Routes 28 and 38. 


CHARLESTOWN, at Sullivan 
Routes 1, 38 and 28. 


EVERETT, 3 lots: Broadway at Bawdoin Sts., 
neor Route 1 and Revere Beach Parkway; at 
48 Broadway; and at rear MTA station. 


on the TA 40c. 


arking 25c .. . Carefree 


REVERE, at Wonderland Station, on Route 1-A, 


‘EAST BOSTON, ot Wood Island Pork, neor 
Day Square, off North Shore ond McClellan 


Express Highways. 


Squere, neor 


EAST BOSTON, at OrientHeights, off Route C-1. 
FOREST HILLS, off Routes 3 and 138. 
MATTAPAN, at Mattapan Sq., off Route 138. 


DORCHESTER, cat Milton-Dorchester Lower 
Mills, on Butler St. off Adoms Street. Easy to 
reach from Routes 28, 37, 135. 


the local news prin 
| as well as all 


| Tue 


| 18m-PogrTucusss-ITaLian, aNd 
Scriancs 


snow late tonight. Tuesday fair 
with excellent visibility, 


High Tides, Commonwealth Pier 


Feb. 19, 2:26 a.m., ht. 10.8 ft. 
Feb. 19, 2:54.p.m., ht. 10.0 ft. 


Sun Rises Sun Sets Moon Rises 
6:34a.m. 5:22 p.m. 11:43 p.m. 


Tue CHRISTIAN ScrENCE MONITOR 


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POUNDED 1908 BY MARY BAKER DY 


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~ 
- 


Joel Barlow 


This portrait of the noted post-Revolution political writer and 
poet was done by inventor Robert Fulton, just one of many 


famous early American figures close to Barlow. A collection of 
Barlow memorabilia, not including the portrait, has just been 
given to Harvard's Houghton Library, 


Early Americana 
Goes to Harvard 


Special to The Christian Science Monitor 


The Houghton Library of Har-)} 1791"; and “The Conspiracy of 


vard University has acquired by 
gift and purchase from Samuel 
L. M. Barlow, New York com- 
poser, author,,and lecturer, an 
extensive collection of manu- 
scripts, books, and pamphlets 
concerning his ancestor Joel 
Barlow (1754-1812), poet, diplo- 
mat, and political philosopher. 

The distinguished 
contains diaries, account books, 
documents, letter - copybooks, 
and other personal papers once 
the property of the New Eng- 
lander, whose career is closely 
associated with the early dec- 
ades of United States history. 

Included in the manuscript 
material are important letters 
exchanged with Thomas Jeffer- 
James Madison, James 
Monroe, Robert Fulton, Noah 
Webster, Oliver Wolcott, Jr. 
Timothy Dwight, and many 
other early national leaders, The 
collection also comprisés sup- 
plementary material assembled 
about a century ago by a nephew 
of Joel Barlow, the Rev. Lemuel 
G.~ Olmstead: who had™ previ- 
ously acquired the papers pos- 
sessed by his widowed aunt. 

The joint collection passed, in 
the 1870's, to the eminent attor- 
ney-bibliophile, Samuel L, M. 
Barlow, grandfather of the re- 
cent owner, who has been di- 
rector of music of the summer 
concerts held by the Castle Hill 
Foundation, at Ipswich, Massa- 
since their establish- 
ment six years ago. 

The Boston historian and bib- 
liographer, Maury A. Bromsen, 
founder and former editor of the 
Pan... American....Union's 
American Review of -Bibliog- 
raphy, was retained by the Bar- 
low family to arrange, catalogue 
and appraise the valuable col- 
lection, 

Yale Class of 177 


Joe! Barlow was born in Red- 
ding, Connecticut. He was a 
member of the class of 1774 at 
Yale College. Though first at- 
tracted to the ministry and, 
later, to the law, he was eventu- 
ally drawn to a literary caree! 
He was a cofounder, in 1784, of 
the Hartford weekly, the Amer- 
ican Mercury, and was an active 
member of a group of young 
conservatives known as the 
“Hartford Wits,” which included 


John... Trumbull,.Lemuel..Hop-. 
and... David... Humphreys, *' 


KInS, 
Jr. 
Barlow ‘went to France; in 
1788, as representative of the ill- 
fated Scioto Land Company. He 


‘traveled widely throughout Eu- 


rope and North Africa before 
returning to the United States, 


17 years later. 


In France he was imbued with 
the principles of the French 
Revolution: he became. an un- 


compromising liberal in religion | 


and the most advanced of repub- 
licans in politics. 

He lived in England from 
1790 to 1792 and there associated 
with his compatriot, Thomas 
Paine, and a group of English 
liberal thinkers which included 
William Godwin, Horne Tooke, 
and Joseph Priestly. In 1792, he 
published three political pam- 
phlets, each condemned by the 
English Tory government: “Ad- 
vice to the Privileged Order”: 
“A Letter to the National Con- 
vention of France on the De- 
fects in the Constitution of 


. ee ee 


Inter-- 


‘his 


-epic...poem, 


eee rr te ee 


Neighbors Hailed 


Kings.” His ardent liberalism | 
won him great respect in France, | 
however, and he was made an | 
honorary citizen by the grateful | 
nation. . 


| 


Went to North. Africa : 


In 1795, Barlow was ap-' 


' pointed American Consul to Al- | 


* |giers to arrange for the liber- | 
collection | 


ation of imprisoned seamen held | 
there and elsewhere in North 
Africa for ransom. He negoti- 
ated treaties for this purpose 
with Tunis, Algiers, and Tripoli. 

Before returning to America, 
he spent several years in France 
collecting books, publishing po- 
litical pamphlets, writing poetry, 
and doing research for projected 
histories of the French and 
American Revolutions. It was in | 
this period that he translated 
Brissot de Warville’s “New. 
Travels in the United States” 
and the Compte de Volney’s 
“The Ruins.” 

Back home 
1805, Barlow 


in America in 
constructed a 


beautiful home on the outskirts 


of Washington, in today’s Rock 
Creek Park. Here at “Kalor- 
ama,” as it was called, he 
entertained Jefferson, Madison, 
Monroe, Fulton and the princi- 
pal intellectual and political fig- 
ures of the new capital city, as 
well as virtually all important) 
foreign visitors. 

Barlow was the most enthusi- 
astic of bibliophiles and his per- 
sonal library ranked with Jeffer- 
son’s as one of the most signifi- 
cant in the country. 


| 
Appointment Accepted 

In 18h, -he.- reluctantly: -ac-) 
cepted President Madison’s ap- 
pointment as Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to France, for he had 
become bitterly disillusioned by 
Napoleon’s corruptions of the 
principles of the French Revolu- 
tion to serve personal ambition. 
After many diplomatié frus- 
trations, Barlow was finally 
summoned to Poland by Napo- 
leon, then attacking Russia, to 
discuss a pending commercial 
treaty with the United States. 
Following a long and arduous 
midwinter journey by coach, the 
diplomat reached Poland, only 
to see the French leader, de- 
feated at Beresina, pass him in 
full retreat. Barlow passed on 
in the village of Zarnowiec, near 

Krakow, on Dec: 24-1812: 


* Joel Barlow is known best’ in’ 


American literary history . for 
poem “Hasty Pudding” 
(1796), a mock pastoral based on 
New England memories, a work 
included in many anthologies. 
However, by far his most im- 
portant literary work was the 
“The -Columbiad,” | 
first published in Philadelphia, 
in 1807. Appearing in a sumptu- 
ous edition in quarto format, 
with plates engraved in England, | 
it was the most ambitious typo- 
graphical project issued by the 
American press up to that time. 

Robert Fulton, the inventor 
and painter, whom Barlow had 
patronized for some years, sub- 
sidized the costly publication as 
a token of personal esteem and 
gratitude. The Barlow collection, 
recently .acquired by Harvard, 
contains the earliest known ver- 
sion of the manuscript of this 
epic poem, as well as personal 
copies of a number of the au- 
thor’s many other books and 
pamphlets. 


ee ee ee re = 


Special to The Christian Science Monitor 


Sherborn, Mass. 


Neighbors of Edgar Burgess “went over the top” in this little 
Middlesex County tewn last night, in their week-long campaign 
to raise sufficient money to save the home of Mr, Burgess from 
being sold to satisfy a court judgment. 

On July 4, 1954, the town parade was held and Mr. Burgess 
drove a pair of horses in the procession. They bolted and were 
blamed for causing a woman to fall from a saddle horse. Dam- 
ages were claimed and the court ordered sale of the home to 


satisfy the judgment. 


Mr. Burgess was reconciled to selling his house, where he 


lived 


with his wife and four children, 


until his neighbors 


stepped in and started a drive to raise funds to pay off the . 
judgment in a house-to-house drive. Now a total of $5,542.55 
has been raised to meet the $5,312 settlement plus interest and 
taxes, and Mr. Burgess says he has “the nicest neighbors in 


the world.” 


The Rev. G. H. Leining, pastor of the Federated Church, said 


the response to the appeal was 


“amazing and wonderful,” add- 


ing that one contributor wrote that “this experience has re- 
newed our faith in the brotherhood of man.” People all over 


‘eee | |New England contributed to the fund. 
8 


Tih “RT Sree ge PD, tH pet ee om pF porgteae hs 
<> oon eyes Date feo Peay ay tay Beate 
eg! PPD I PROBE HOLA 
atin staan erate pera i rte 
bn r + ‘eal : ; ‘$ . ‘es, ae 
. peed Oe FS Sec Se ie 
soe 


£ 

“we 

‘ 
ye 


ne Cross to Seek — 
—$1,617,000in Drive if 


Aroand New England 


By a Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


Boston 

A. goal of $1,617,000 was announced today by the Greater 

— it Red Cross for its spring drive beginning 
arc : : 

Robert Haydock, Jr., general chairman for the 1957 cAmpaign, 
reports that almost a quarter of the $116,059,672 spent by the 
national organization for the year ending June 30 was for aid 
of flood victims in eastern and western states. , 

Besides being its 75th anniversary, fiscal 1956 was the costliest 
year in the organization’s history. Over 33 million dollars was 
spent on emergency relief. 

' “Disaster aid of this type is an outright grant based on 
victims’ needs for rebuilding and refurnishing homes and 
businesses,” Mr. Haydock said. 

“It is money that can come back to the’ Red Créss only 
through. donations of the kind we will seek in March,” he 
continued. “It is imperative that these funds be made available 
for quick aid in future disasters.” 

Almost a third of last year’s operations were spent to aid 
the armed forces, veterans, and their families. A portion of the 


Junior Red Cross program as usual was spent for international 
activities. 


Clergyman Condemns N.E. Gambling 


Lexington, Mass. 

Efforts of gambling interests to “make New England the 
gambling center of the nation” were condemned by Bishop John 
Wesley Lord of the Methodist Church in New England, in a 
Sermon at consecration services for the new Lexington 
Methodist Church yesterday. 

In a little more than 20 years, Bishop Lord said, 19 race tracks 
have been built in four New England states, grossing nearly 
$20,000,000 in profits a year. Although New England has only 
4.7 per cent of the nation’s population, the total of pari-mutuel 
betting is 8.5 percent of the national total, he added. 

Massachusetis operates three of the nation’s 27 dog tracks, 
including Wondérland in Revere, which is the nation’s largest, 
he said. A fourth track is being attempted in the little town of 
Bellingham, in Norfolk County, and it will be decided at the 
town meeting March 4. 

One minister who opposed the track, he said, received a 
threatening telephone call and his mother’s home in West Med- 
way was stoned “by a Visiting gang of thugs.” 


Tungsten Found in New York State 
By the Associated Press 
Schenectady, N.Y. 

Two General Electric Company technicians say they have 
found what may be a rich deposit of strategic tungsten in 
eastern New York State and neighboring Vermont. 

Delbert Merrill of Rexford and Raymond C. Willey of 
Schenectady report that the deposit extends from the United 
States-Canadian border southward for at least 150 miles. At one 
point, where the two tested for depth, the belt of ore was 30 
feet deep, they say. 

They reported their discovery last night after receiving 
laboratory reports on samples obtained from a farm in 
Rensselaer County. They considered the report “highly 
encouraging.” , 

Mr. Merrill said a commercially feasible deposit in New York 
State could make the United States independent of foreign 
sources for tungsten. 

The metal is valuable in defense production because of its 
high melting point. The best deposits known are in Communist 
China. There also are major deposits.in California and Colorado, 
Mr. Willey said he understgod the best deposits in China “are 
only 10 feet deep.” 


v T - 

AFL and CIO Units Jogged on Merger 
By the Associated Press 
Providence, R.L 

An AFL-CIO official said last weekend that all state and 
city AFL and CIO organizations which have not merged by 
Aug. 15 will have to explain to George Meany, AFL-CIO 
president, what is holding up local unity. 

Hugh Thompson, New England director of AFL-CIO, said 
letters will go out from the National AFL-CIO this week to 
officers of all state and city bodies, notifying them officially 


“or the requirement. 


The Aug. 15 “tell me why” date is aimed at speeding up 
merger, wherever possible, before the AFL-CIO convention in 
Miami next November. Final deadline for merger is Dec. 5. 

Mr. Thompson said there would be no negotiations between 
AFL and CIO local bodies after Dec. 5. Where: merger has not 
been effected by that date, he said. Mr. Meany will take the 
AFL and CIO charters away, from the city and state bodies and 
name a state joint convention to draw up a constitution and 
elect officers. 


R.I. Jobless Payments Up in January ~— 


Providence, R.I, 

Considerable seasonal unemployment of longer than usual 
duration was ‘résponsible “last: month for a ‘jump -of~more than 
70 per cent in jobless insurance payments in Rhode Island,,. 
the Department of Employment Security reported today. 

Benefit expeditures went up from a December total of $1,- 
091.473 to $1,871,538 in January. There were 73,749 benefit 
payments last month, as against 42,193 in December. 

DES officials said the peak of the seasonal decline in manue 
facturing, wholesale and retail trade, and. the service indus- 
tries appears to have passed. The 20,061 initial benefit claims 
filed in January represented an increase of only 3 per cent over 
the December figure. 


Events Scheduled 


In Greater Boston 
Tonight 


Lancuace and Science.” a study of 
communication in relation to human 
nature by’ Joshua Whatmough. M.A.. 
professor of romperative philology 
and chairman of the department of | | 
linguistics in” Harvafd. University; 
main conference’ room. John Hancock” 
Building, Berkeley Street, Boston; 

& p.m. ; 

Tuesday 

“Huckleberry Finn.” film for children 
of school age: Children's Museum, 
Jamaica Piain: 1 o.m. and 3 p.m. 

Recorded Literature Series: J. B. Priest- 
ley reads essays from his o 
light’; preview room. 
partment, Bostoa 
7:30 p.m, 


GOOD 


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extinct voleano, is inhabited. | 


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1955 Chevrolet Station Wagon - 
2 Door, Stock #311A - $1895. 


1954 Buick . 4 Door Sedan ° 
Speciol - R ond H. Stock ’ 
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1953 weSoto Herdtop ~- Gyro- 
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1952 Pontiac - 4 Door - Deluxe - 
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eivig fithdrawal | 
i ie friends of justice to bring about 
a state of affairs which will con-. 


srospect of {form to the principles of justice’ 
edying them. The United Nations and of international law and 


resolution of Feb. 2, endorsing | ‘tests of all in the area 
the Secretary General’s report,| , This, we believe, should pro- 
gave such a prospect. 


vide a greater source of security 
U.S. Views Cited 


for Israel than an ad 
We believe that. that : | 
i 


*3 
oe 
‘Most et: | & 
‘HOOKs | _ 
Reviewed and = 
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at 


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605 15th Street N. W. 
(Neer F. St.) 


by “President Eisen- : po 
La tad we fieattoation: oe bers Of ‘the United--Nations -are of Egypt at about the time wt 
The Department of State is | solenialy bound by the Charter Israel's gpotron nig omit wn 
today making public a memo- to settle their international dis- October, withdrew promptly an 
‘randum which the United States | putes by peaceful means, and in | unconditionally in response to 
gave to the Government of their international relations to | the same United Nations resolu- 
‘Israel on Feb. 11. It relates to refrain from the threat or use | tion that called for Israeli with- 
‘Israeli withdrawal to within of force against the territorial Ipods dete» oes Neer ina pA ~t ne yarn 
Cards + Engrossed j isti ines as repeatedly integrity of any state. overwhelming judgme 3 
fs nth ' called for by the United Nations. Be nee, Britain Withdrew | world community that a solution basic problems which have given | ¢6¢mulated and communicated to The United States, for its part, 
. ‘The memorandum outlines the, These undertakings seem to | of their difficulties with Egypt | rise to the present difficulty.” \temeel im. -its.. enernerend@ut of 
1217 G STREET. N. W ‘policies which the United States preclude using the forcible should be sought after with-| Prime Minister Ben-Gurion in 
Washington, 


ee ee 


Halt « Century 

Gusiness Stationery © Wedding in- 
vitetions + Announcements « Socia) 
Searioners - Printed Programs - Call- 


urged, as a matter of “highest. 
priority” that “Israeli forces be 
withdrawn to the general armi- 
stice line.” “After which,” the 
President said, “new and éner- 
getic steps should be wunder- 
i'taken within the framework of 
‘the United Nations to solve the 


continued contrary to the over- 
prospect | whelmi d 

is further assured by the views a sens Ok the 

which the United States has 


— strive to remain true to, | 
and support, the United Nations | 
, | ) ter B Feb. 11. There the United States mage 
dD. Cc would thereafter pursue in rela- | seizure and occupation of other | drawal, and not be made a con- | his reply said: In view of | took note of Israeli views with 

: ‘tion to the two matters — the | lands as bargaining power in the dition precedent to withdrawal. | the United Nations resolutions | 


in its efforts to sustain the pur-. 
reference to the Gaza Strip and rn n. Remtipies ef the 
‘Gulf of Aqaba and the Gaza jsettlement of international dis- |The United States believes that | regarding the withdrawal of | the Straits of Aqaba and made 
' strip—which so far lead Israel | putes, /Israel should do likewise. 
The United Kingdom 


Charter, as the world’s best. 
ch 1 \foreign troops from Egypt and’ ojoar what United States 
not to withdraw. an 
moan forge power. having rights | 
ce ten Brancieo ‘where | Well as lead public opinion.” tial withdrawal of Israeli forces|can be reconciled with fairness 


Phone Ballantyne first 
REpublic 7-3646 
LH WASHINGTON 5, B.C. 


Unsurpassed | 


Interest 
Focuses 
on new 

Spring 
_ Suits 


hope of peace. 
President Eisenhower's letter ;the creation of an international | Would do, after Israel’s with- 
Israel would prefer to have 
Democratic Huddle 
of our own. 


force, we will, upon conclusion | 
the future status of the Gulf of 
| International Force Set Up | The United States. believes | 
7 aps ul ra cey | The international force re-|that the action of the United | 


\drawal, to help solve the prob- | 
with the United Nations in con-|/ems , that | preoccupy, israel. 
Aqaba and the Gaza strip defi- svat ‘Our declaration related to our | 
initely settled to its satisfaction nection with this international li 
|ferred to by the Prime Minister | ations of Feb. 2 and the state- | Since 188] 
| ihas. been. created. and, pursuant | ments._.of various. governments, | nie : 
By Harlan Trott to arrangements which the/including the United States, ’ 
Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor | United Nations has deemed satis- | memorandum of Feb. 11; pro- | THOMPSON S$ 
San Francisco | as reveal facts.” He said it also factory, has entered into and is/|vide Israel with the maximum | 


f ter’ the S C ; | intentions bot& as a member of | 
orce entering the suez \anal ithe United Nations and as a 
area, willingly witndraw our 
“Aig rithin the Suez Canal area. | assurance that it can reasonably 
A purposeful new strategy for | serves to “divert as well as at- | now wit | at i 
the aute” has taken clearer |tract attention, to mislead as But while there has been a par-| expect at this juncture, or that | MILK 
and Dairy Foods 


Unusual Reductions 
on Selected Items from 
Our Regular Stocks 


SEASON END 


, “ Egypt, Israel persists in its , to others. 
eaders have held| To discount these “techniques from Egypt, ' ! 
gvoge ot "national confer- | of mass persuasion,” he said, occupation of Egyptian territory | Accordingly, the United States | 
| would only be inviting “peril.” | around the entrance of the Gulf has renewed its plea to Israel | 


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ence. 
| Adlai Stevenson's 
'speech seemed to set the tone 
of the opposition course with its 
appeal to the party faithful to 
“cooperate and help” the Eisen- 
hower administration in these 
times of monetary alarms at 
home and crises overseas. 

Mr. Stevenson’s characteristi- 


_cally..sharp..analysis..of .world- | 


keynote | 


Through these techniques it 
-has “been sought, and not with- 
out success, “to transform our 
friendly President into a dynam- 
ic leader, our frightening Secre- 


tary of State into a great states-_ 


| man, and now an absence of pol- 
‘icy in the Middle East into a 
‘doctrine.’ ” 


Mr. Stevenson urged the party | 


of Aqaba and of the Gaza Strip. | to withdraw in accordance with | 
_ The United States is aware of |the repeated demands of the 
the fact that Israel has legitimate | United Nations 


and to rely | 


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to find a way of “breaking 
through” this “formidable” ap- 
paratus of friendly persuasion. 
He urged the party to “pick 
its issues, stand by them, fight 
for them,” not only in the lob- 
bies and cloakrooms of the na- 
tional Capitol, but everywhere 


‘shaking events is seen here as 
pointing up the direction Demo- 
cratic Party policy will take be- 
tween now and the midterm 
elections. 

But the new constructive trend 
was also visible in the remarks | 
of the party’s congressional 
\spokesmen in the section meet- 


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On 
. TOP 


ings leading up to Mr. Steven- 
son’s address at the Democrats’ 


$50-a-plate repast at the glit-— 


tering Fairmont, high atop San 
| Francisco's handsome Nob Hill. 


Administration Scolded 


Presumably the chief archi- 
tects of party policy have been 


drafting this new political edi- | 
| fice for some weeks. Some of the | 


‘major points’ stressed here 
seemed to echo partisan speeches 
(of late in Congress. But the 
|'Democrats left it to their most 
| eloquent spokesman to voice a 
fresh and somewhat temperate 
\strategy in this resplendent na- 
‘tional setting. 

Yet. nothing Mr. Stevenson 
said tn eny way implied the 
Democrats have decided to go 
soft. He scolded the administra- 
tion for the abrupt contrast be- 


[44 ww | tween the President’s before and 


With.a } 


COLLEGE 


8216 Wisc. Ave. 


‘after election statements on the 
| Middle East situation, first deny- | 


ing any crisis and then affirming 
‘one. He said Mr. Eisenhower 
“boasted about how his adminis- 
tration had controlled inflation. 


| But now, with living costs at | 


another all-time high, he has 
warned us that a dangerous in- 
flation will be the fault of busi- 
'ness and labor.” 
New Fires Lit 

Chiding the administration on 
the “biggest peacetime budget in 


.and all the time, and by all of 
‘us “right down to the private 
citizen. You cannot win national! 
elections against such obstacles 
and resources and ruthlessness 
‘as we confront, in two months. 


it will be hard enough in four 
| 


| years.” 


Civil Rights Issue 


Defying latent intraparty op-| 


position from its southern bloc 
on the race issue, Mr. Stevenson 
said he hopes Congress will pass 
civil rights laws in this session 


with “overwhelming” Democrat-. 


ic support and “without a fili- 


buster or parliamentary harass- | 


ment, “As a national party, we 
have a special understanding of 
'the problems of the South, and 
hence a special responsibility for 
their solution and for law ob- 
servance.” 


He warned about two popular | 


fallacies regarding the Demo- 
crats’ future, calling it a com- 


fortable but “dangerously false” | ° 


' notion that last year’s presidén- 


| tial outcome was.a “purely per- | 
| sona}]--triumph”~ for’ Mr; Eisen=" 


| hower. 


that if the Democrats undertake 
'a policy of “vigorous 
_tion,” the party in power must, 


|of necessity, be “sterile, nega- | 


, tive, destructive.” 
‘Paddle’ Waved 


| Then lapsing into irony, Mr. 


The second fallacy, he said, 4s : 


opposi- | 


’ 


he 


EDWARD C. BALTZ 
President 
WILLIAM H. DYER 
Exec. Vice-Prea. 


Liberal dividends are paid quar- 
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20th of any month earn dividends 


from the first of the month. 


PERPETUAL 
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ASHINGTON 


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history,” Mr. Stevenson com- | Stevenson said “the poor Repub- 
pared the present 72-billion- | licans are almost wholly de- |; 
|dollar tax bill with the 60-bil- | Pendent on us. We must not fail 

| is nothing worse |; 


Washington, D.C. 
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IN 


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7 lion-dollar budget proposed by | them. There 
: iio > Mr... Eisenhower. and. the. late, 


COMA. AVE., FALLS CHURCH, 7 CORNERS 


Senator Robert A. Taft (R) of 


| Ohio back in 1952. “And then a 


remarkable thing happened. In- 


stead of explaining and defend- | 


ing it, the Republican Secretary 


than -overinaulgence,” and be- 
cause, “as far as the press is 
concerned,” Mr. Eisenhower’s 
political children “don’t know 
what the word .paddle means.” 


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fimel ' 


+ 


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to 24. 


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mg ng ®” 
of the Treasury promptly de- | 
nounced it and called upon a 
' Democratic Congress to cut it! 
And then he went off quail | 
‘shooting with President Ejisen- 
hower while the press applauded 
them for criticizing their own 
handiwork.” 

This. must have had fire- 
breathing repercussions back in 
Independence, Mo., where Harry 
S. Truman had made his budget | 
virtually a full-time hobby. He 
practically pillowed his head on 
it nights, and he liked to claim 
_he knew about every item in it. 
Some. hsteners.. construed. the: 
ringing applause for Mr. Steven- 
180n’s complaint. about the new 
budget as a sign that it might | 
help to take some of the heat 
| off the party’s majority in .Con-. 
gress. Many of.them were in the 
banquet hall. It was also inter- 
preted as an effort to light new | 
+ fires of partisan resolve under” 
the followers of a two-time 
| presidential loser, 


‘Formidable’ Apparatus 


Mr. Stevenson’s sharp assault 
on a “formidable coalition of 
government, money, and _  =so0 
‘much of the press,” was also 
regarded as in the party tradi- | 
_ tion. He decried “what the news- 
papers and news magazines, the 
advertising agencies, the vast 
| publicity of the government, and 
|big business, and __ limitless 
money can do to conceal as well 


Using the administration’s 
“rock-and-roil diplomacy” as il- 
lustrating the kind of row the 
Democrats must hoe, he scorned | 
‘revisiting “all of Mr. Dulles’ | 
‘brinks’ to see where the outs’ | 
challenges lie.” 


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| Pas ; current 
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s ee 
| Services on Radio 
Eastern States 


) Maryland ' 
Annapolis—First Church of Christ. Sc!i- 
entist, il a.m., WNAYV. 143ke, 


| March 3. 

eet New York 

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gives you 10 months to pay 


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You save where you get the highest 
reward for your thriftiness — that's | : 
natural. And if you are entrusted iii Central States 

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with other funds besides your own, | Des Moines—Pirst Church of Christ, Sef- 3 
you are concerned with safety too. rte ee Kann‘s-Coots 2nd Floor, Both Stores 
At American our dividends are very a | ; 


‘ a. . . ’ | ahron—Pirst Church of Christ, Scien- | 
liberal and highly consistent with in- tist. 11 a.m. WHKK, 640kc, March | 


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u na 

New Orleans—First Church of Christ. 
long as you keep your funds here... cn, 22 68, Meee. eee. | 
you'll profit more. : 


— = Texas : 
‘Houston—First Church of Christ. Sci- | 
AMERICAN SAVINGS 
AND LOAN ASSOCIATION | 


entist, 11 a.m., KTHT, 790kc, March | 
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ristian ‘gssones Society, | it today. 
OWL, March 3. 
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-. taf Correspondent of The 
stow s most loyal wea 

men sit in East Berlin. 

_. The. nominal. Jeaders:. of.. 

Communist East German Gov- 

' ernment, which has its offices in| 

the East Berlin district of Pan- | 

kow are President Pieck and 

Minister President Otto Grote- 

wohl. 

But the real boss is Deputy 
Minister President Walter Ul- 
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Party. “ With ~ his ~~ Lenin-type 


_ between 


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Moscow's 


l body tempted by these 


i his little 


Christian Science Monitor 

goatee he resembles Saieinelgt 
the caricatures of narrow- 
| minded and overbearing high 
' school professors 6f Kaiser Wh- 


7 | Ceany 


'helm’s era. But there is Bote | 


funny about him. 


For the past 22 years he has | 
bossed the German Communists; | 
first from Prague, where he fled | 
after the Reichstag fire of 1933, | 


from Moscow 
in 1938, and finally from 
returned in 


An out-and-out Stalinist, he 
, Was not touched by the purges 
,that raged in the Soviet Union 
1934 and 1938, 
modelling his own career 
that of Stalin's, he succeeded in 
building up such an efficient ap- 
paratus that he could maintain 
his top position even under the 
new Kremlin rulers. 

Endangered Twice 

Twice his position seemed in 
danger. The first time in the 
brief period of experimental! 
“thaw” between Stalin's passing 
19538. The second time 
last surmmer and early fall, when 
it looked as if the Kremlin, on 
Tito’s prodding, were 
to consent to a far-reaching lib- 


went 


eralization in the European sat- 


ellite countries 

Both times he was rescued 
through popular uprising — the 
Berlin revolt in June 17, 1953, 
and the Hungarian Revolution 
last October. Herr Ulbricht had 
consistently maintained that anys 
loosening of discipline (read: 
terror) would imperil not only) 
hold on the satellite 
states but also their Communist 
, Pegime: 

He scoffs at the con cepts 
‘tional communism and ol 
~widual roads to soctatism 


of llia- 
indi- 
Anv- 
notions is 
to him a “reactionary” and, as 
he declared a few weeks 
“whosoever gives the reaction 
finger will pay with his 
for it.” 
Polish Press Bothersome 

It is logical that Herr Ulbricht 
was among the first Communist 
‘leaders t to come out in support 


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Associated ay 4: 
Walter Ulbricht 


of Soviet armed interventioh in 
Hungary. It is equally obvious 
that he is deeply alarmed by de- 
velopments in. Poland. 

The freedom of ¢€xpression 
which the Polish press enjoys at 
present is a matter of grave con- 
cern for him: not so much be- 
cause it could stir up similar de- 
sires among East German news- 
papermen—that could easily be 
taken care of—but because Pol- 
ish papers are read widely in 
East Germany, especially among 
university students, and the stu- 
dents have for some time been 
the potentially most troublesome 
group in East Germany 

This explains why the 
versities were the first 
of the new wave of 
meastires taken in 
man 

There is good reason to be- 
lieve that, in order to justify 
these measures, Herr Ulbricht 
deliberately exaggerated the ex- 
tent of unrest among the stu- 
dents. Last Dec. 3, he spoke of 
“rebellion at the universities” 
which he ascribed to “the neg- 
lect. of educating our students 
to loya] servants of our worker- 
and-peasant state.” Persons 
closely acquainted with East 
German universities maintain 
that the mutterings that could 
be heard in various classrooms 
—especially in East Berlin and 
Leipzig——-could by no stretch of 
the imagination be regarded as 
incipient “rebellion.” 

Education Ineffective 
The East German party chief 
clearly aware that Commu- 
nist education has taken. root 
onivy among a fraction the 
vouth But he must be 
that there no need to 


uni-~ 
targets 
repressive 
East Ger- 


iS 


ol 
also 


is 


aware 


- that their: revolt of- 


be alarmed over this fact since, | 


; to use. Marxist ter. 
“objective conditions” for a re- 
i'volt are absent: 


| As it is, the situation for the | 


} Pankow. government was. much 
| more critical in June, 1953, than 
ta is now. 

These uprising of three-and-a- 
half years ago was carried by 
the workers who, through their 
(number as well as through their 
/vital functions in the country’s 
feconomy, posed a formidable 
i challenge. This time, however, 
to... the.. unanimous 
opinion of the closest observers, 
the East German workers are re- 
‘luctant to mdve. 

They still recall too vividly 
1953 was 
stopped by Soviet tanks. They 
know that there are more Soviet 
tanks—and troops—in East Ger- 
i'many now than there were in 
1953, and what happened in 
Hungary after last Nov. 4 has 
shown them what would hap- 
pen in their own country under 
similar circumstances 


Living Conditions Better 

Another reason is that they 
are better off today than they 
were three years ago. Both their 


4 
’ 
: 
’ 
% 


living and their working condi- | 


tions have improved. They feel 
no desire to risk losing these 
gains in what appears to most of 
them as a virtually hopeless 
‘undertaking. 

There 
East German farmers 
among the workers. Some 27 per 
cent of the usable land has 
been collectivized and most of 
the farmers, who are stanch 
anti-Communists, resent 
government's announced inten- 
tion to continue collectivization. 

But the peasants are generally, 
believed. unlikely to build.or.man 
barricades. Their strongest ex- 
pression of protest is that they 
have been crossing o.er to West 
Germany in. large numbers. Dur- 
ing the past three vears, some 
1,000,000 East Germans have fied 
to the West, a considerable por- 
tion of them farmers. 

The westward trek, 


than 


still go- 


is more unrest among | 


the | 


the |. sf 


‘By Geoffrey Godsell ~ 
Mediterranean Correspondent of 
jan Science Moattor...... 
Cairo 

This week opens here with 
even greater awareness that de- | 
cisions of great moment cannot | 
be delayed much longer. 

Will President Nasser at last 
respond favorably to the Middle 
East policy recently initiated by 
the United States? 

Will he seek to delay comple- 
tion of the first phase of clear- 
ance of the Suez Canal, which 
the United Nations salvage team 
expects to have open for ships 

of up to ten thousand tons by 
March 10” 


And if opening of the canal is | 
to what arrange- | 


not delayed, 
ments for passage of ships and 
payment of dues will Colonel 
Nasser give consent? 

Keyed to Israeli Stand 


Most observers here 


tions will depend very much on 
the answer to another: 

Will the Israelis agree to obey | 
the repeated calls of the UN 
and withdraw. from the posi- | 


tions seized by their forces at | 


Gaza and at the entrance to the 
Gulf of Aqaba during the 
Israeli invasion of Sinai- last 
October and November’? 

Indeed, much more 


Colonel Nasser’s decision de- 


pends on the answer to this lat- | 


ter question. In-the past week or 
two, there have been tentative 


signs that the United States and 


ing on at the rate of some 5,000 | 


persons a 
creasingly —_ difficult 
problem for the Communist 
bosses in Pankow. It can be of 
small comfort to them that most 
of those who escape are poten- 
tial troublemakers. 

For few of those who remain 
behind are dependable support- 
ers of the regime. They stay for 
a Variety of reasons, one of the 
strongest of which is their firm 
conviction that either changes 
in the outside world will finish 
communism or that sooner or 
later erosion will catch up with 
their dictatorship as it di od with 
sO many others in une _pas 


_ —_ 


week, poses an 


manpower 


in- | 


the West are not without friends 
after all in the Arab world 

But unless’ the United States 
brings to a successful conclu- 
sion its attempts to get the 
Israelis to pull back, these Arab 
friends of the West may be left 
in an impossible position, and 
new openings may be given to 
the Soviet Union to pose as the 
real friend of the Arabs. 

Arabs Say U.S. Holds Key 

Egyptians and’ other Arabs 
can be expected to say that 
the statement issued by Presi- 
dent Eisenhower over the week~ 
end on efforts to secure 
Israeli withdrawal is encourag- 
ing as far as it goes. 

They will probably note ap- 
provingly the President’s dec- 
laration that Israel cannot use 
forcible seizure and occupa- 
tion of other lands as bargain- 
ing powér in international dis- 
putes: and that Israel! has been 
provided with the maximum 
assurances it could reasonably 
expect at this juncture | or that 


em 


his 


Budapest Tries 12 Rebels 


By the Associated Presse 


er 

Communist Hungary 
opened its biggest hive toial so 
far of rebels who fought last 
fall against the Soviets. 

AMONZ the 12-on the defend- 
ant bench in the drab, gray 
Budapest municipal court build- 
ing were a woman medical stu- 
dent and two well-known 
writers 

The young woman, Gizella 
Ilona Toth, is charged with kill- 
ing a man believed to have be- 
longed to thé Communist secret 
police. Three of the men also 
are charged with murder. 

The writers were playwright 
Jozsef Gali and Gyula Obersovs- 


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The judge is a woman, Matilde 
Toth. Presumably she is not re- 
lated to the woman. defendant. 
Two male. advisers. sat beside 
Judge Toth. 

One defendant, 
zi, a locksmith, drew a 
from the judge after she had 
asked if he were in good health. 

“No,” he replied, “the Rus- 
Sians beat me ws 

The judge interrupted. telling 
him not to talk about that but 
to go on with his testimony. 

Heavily Guarded 

The building and courtroom 
were heavily guarded. Micro- 
phones, sound equipment, and 
photographers were much in 
evidence. The trial has been 
»given--considerablie publicity - m 
the Communist press. About.300 
spectators crowded the court- 
room and galleries, with more 
waiting outside. 

gag Janos 
cim meanwhile, 
that the new Hungarian army 
it trving to build will be 
rigidly supervised by Commun- 
ist political commissars, like 
the Red Army in its early vears 

Plans to rebuild the arn 
which fell apart in the October 
evolution, were annownced | 
Feb. 17~pbv the new high 
mand. The new . chief. of 
is a colonel, Ferenc Ugrai. 
the head of the politic al 
partment general. 
liku 

Before October revolt, the 
‘SOX ift- dp tage Hungarian APY 
of 170,000 en had political 
“éomimissars wise 6b” Was to 
supervise the ideology of the 
troops. Military men were in 
charge but 
ers. 

Many 


Ferenz Goenc- 


Kadar’s*"'t= 
announced 


] ~ 


come 
Staff 
and 
ae- 
Pa 


a maior! 


+) i. 


soldiers and 
ioined the revolt led 
dents and workers. 
»-were taken back after the 
viets erushed the -revelt —onty 
*if they signed a statement sup- 
porting the Soviet intervention. 

In an _ interview with the 
Communist Party organ Nep- 
szabadsag, General Ilku said the 
powers of the political commis- 
sars will be strengthened in 
the new army. They will out- 
rank everyone except the mil- 


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“nationalism,” 


had political advis- | 


So- ~ 


the .ferces 


itary deputies 
ers. 
Communists Gird 

Earlier......minister....of.... state 
Gyorgy Marosan said the Com- 
munists “will be there, too” 
any new trouble | starts 
Hungary on March 15. 

That is the day fixed by rebels 
against Soviet power for a 
peaceful demonstration. They 
have urged Hungarians just to 
stay ‘away from work and stroll 
in the main streets. It is the an- 
niversary of the 19th century 
poet-patriot Sandor Petoefis's 
revolt against the Hapsburg 
empire, 

“The counterrevolution wants 
to cloak its ambitions in false 
Mr. Maroésan told 
a crowd at the heavy-industry 
center of Didsgyér, near Mis- 
kolo Feb. 16. “But it is not only 
of counterrevolution 
that are making preparations for 
March 15. The Communist will 
be there, too.” 

He said that Soviet troops will 
remain, “as long as is justified 
by the task of securing peace 
and strengthening the power 
of the workers in Hungary.” 


U.S. Aid Belittled 


Ry ti 


in 


¢ Assoctated Pres 
Budapest 
Hungary from the 
Sti and the Interna- 
tional Red Cross has not come 
up to expectations, the 
paper Nepakartat co mplains. — 

“Foreign radio stations said 
in December that Hungars 
would get 20 million dollars in 
aid from the United States and 
30 million from the Red Cross,” 
said Nepakartat, a Communist 
trade-union organ. “Only 42 
million dollars has reached 
Hungary; and: only five millon 
more is expected. We are very 
grateful, but we should have 
been told long ago we could 
expect only a fifth of what was 
promised.” 

The newspaper said 17 times 
as much aid had come from the 
Soviet Union and other Com- 
munist nations of Eastern Eu- 
rope. 

However, Rene 
Swiss delegate in Budapest of 
the Internationa! Red Cross, 
termed Nepakartat's figures tan- 
tastic. He said considerably 
greater quantities of aid have 
come from the West 

“Comparison of the value ofl 
aid from different countries de- 
pends largely on the currency 
exchange rates used in the cal- 
culations. By Western stand- 
ards, the official rates of all 
Soviet bloc currencies are 
pegged far above their true 
value in purchas ing power, 

Marriages Rise in U.S. 

Marriages in the United States 

increased in 1956 to 1,587,000 as 


Aid 
United 


fo! 


ites 


Boe, ey, a 


‘compared to 1,542,000 in 1955. 


agree | 
that the answers to these ques~- | 


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‘Teould be- ceemaitbed with ~fair- 
ness to others, 
~ Most -Arabs 


Thowever, that such laudable 
declarations alone can do the 
| trick, for they believe that 
‘more than moral pressure will 
‘be necessary to get the Israelis 

out of Gaza and the Aqaba 
coast. 

They appear convinced that 
Israel has some strange and sin- 
_ister influence behind the scenes, 
which enables it to defy 
UN in a way in which not even 
Britain and France were able to 


when these two countries were | 


called on to surrender ,.the po- 
sitions they had seized at the 
entrance to the Suez Canal. 


War Threat Discounted 
In a word, most Egyptians and 
‘other Arabs believe the United 
States has the power to secure 
‘immediate Israeli withdrawal— 
if it really wants to. 

What. of-Colonel Nasser’s own 
position in relation to the con- 


‘tinued Israeli refusal to evacu- 
ate positions seized from the 
Egyptians nearly four months 
ago? Few persons believe there 
is any likelihood of Egypt's im- 
mediately resuming hostilities 
against Israel, despite the con- 
tinued presence of Israelis on 
| Egyptian territory. 

A senior official on the staff of 
the United: Nations Emergency 
Force commander told this cor- 
respondent that since the Israeli 
withdrawal across Sinai from 
the Suez Canal, no Egyptian 
forces had crossed to the east 
bank of the canal in anywhere 
nearly sufficient numbers. to try 
to expel the Israelis from the po- 
sitions they still hold 

Colonel Nasser himself is 
quoted here as having told visi- 
tors during the past few days 
that the canal Egypt's only 
weapon in forcing Israeli with- 
drawal 

The first commercial vessel to 


iS 


the | 


pass through the canal since the had proceeded southward from 


nglo-French attack on Egypt Port Said for about 38 miles. 
reached. 


-have no. faith,./the end of October. Suez. 
from Port, Said on Feb. 17. It 
| Was 
Ramses, 
cargo of medical supplies — a 


the tiny Egyptian 


ship | 
of 300 tons, 


carrying 


craft so small that normally it 
would not need a pilot or be re- 
quired to pay canal dues. 
Passage of the Ramses had 
been made possible by the re- 
moval during the w eekend of the 


wreck of the Egyptian blockship ' 


Akka, one of the major remain-' 


ing obstacles to navigation. 


Three Wrecks Remain 
Three other wrecks have still 


_to be cleared before the canal 
‘can be opened to ships of sub-| 
stantially 
‘the Ramses. 


‘greater tonnage than 


The most important of these 
remaining wrecks is that of the 
tug Edgar Bonnet, which ob- 
structs the shipping . channel 
about halfway along the canal 
just north of Ismailia. The Egyp- 
tian Navy has reported the pres- 
ence of explosives in the wreck, 
and so far has withheld permis- 
sion for the UN salvage team to 
begin clearance work on it. 

It is. generally assumed the 
reasons for this are political. 

With clearing the wreck of 


: 


the Edgar Bonnet,.Colonel. Nas-. 


ser would be confronted with 
the need to solve the awkward 
political problem presented by 
the likely arrival of British, 
French, and perhaps — Israeli 
ships, at Port Said or Suez, de- 
manding passage through | the 
cana! : 

It is believed that realization 
of the imminence of this prob- 
lem has led Egyptian authori- 
ties to give up their attempt to 
bring the 1,900 ton Italian 
tanker Pianeta through the 
canal as soon as the wreck of the 
Akka was removed. The Pianeta 
had entered the canal Feb. 9 and 


World News in 1 Brief 


Reports from correspondents of The Chri 
the Associated Press 


stian Science Monitor 
and Reuters 


Kashmir: Tension Mounts 


Three Indian Army divisions have moved into Kashmir 


, accord- 


ding to charges by Pakistani Prime Minister H. S. Subrawardy, 


who said there is “a 
along the Pakistan border, 
border 
portion of Kashmir 
feels tree to start a 
vetoes' a UN 
dispute. 


not 
* a5 Al 
resolution 


ot 


general movement” 
a situation which 
incidents which could become serious:” 
administered by 
hberation” 
on Kashmir, 


of Indian trodps al! 
“may provoke 
Meanwhile, the 
India announced it 
if the Soviet* Union 
designed to settle the 


Formosa: Tibet Uprisings Cited 


- Nationalist China Says 10,000 Tibetans have been killed or cap- 


tured in anti-Communist uprisings in Tibet and far Western 


China. 
have suffered equal looses, 


The announcement said Communist troop garrisons 


Egypt: Hunger Strike Ends 


Feminist leader Doria Shafik says she has ended her hunger strike 


against what she called Egypt's 


days, because 


“dictatoria] regime” after 11 


“I believe my country needs me.” 


Austria: Border Guard Reinforced 


Two Hungarian soldiers who crossed into Austria say they saw 
five Austrians seized by Hungarian border guards while helping 


exhausted 
exhausted 


Hungaian 
Hungarian 


refugees 
refugees 
been ordered to reinforce its border 


on 
on 


the Austrian 
the Austrian 
detachments. 


side of the 
side of the 


South Africa: Boycott Extended 


African leaders in East London, South Africa, have decided to 


extend the six-week boycott to East London. The boycott.is 
now ‘in’ force ‘tn Jonanhesburg. Prétoria, and Port Elizabeth. 


Meanwhile 
Africans, 
8.000, 


in 


ee 


Johannesburg, 
bringing total arrests during the boycott to nearly 


police. have.- arrested 462 


London Underwriters 


Lower Rates for Pacific 
By Reuters 

The Institute of London 
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h \isee cf Pont Se AS 
POSURE EN Lees ’ “a 
ss Wo en 


selene 


~Chana’s Bid — 


p Galled ty 


To Africans’ 


“By Betty D. Mayo 
Staff Writer of 
The Christian Science Monitor 


The merging of British Togo- | 


land with the Gold Coast to be- 
come independent Ghana on 
March 6 may start a chain reac- 
tion elsewhere. in Africa, accord- 
_ing to a Congregational mission-. 
ary who has spent many years 
in Africa. 

Dr. John A. Reuling, secretary 
for Africa of the American Board 
Of Foreign Missions of the Con- 
gregational Christian Church, 
who. has just returned from 
British Togoland, says that “if 
the people make a ‘success, or 

like success, of their 
new independence, it will give 
a tremendous impetus- for full 
self-government in Nigeria and 
will increase the difficulties of 
colonial. powers. who are not , 
ready to grant self-government.” 
__ Independence will mean “some- 
what harder sledding” for the 
people of Ghana, he pointed out, 
because thé area is largely de-. 
pendent on its cocoa crop which | 
has been falling in price of late. 


Outside Aid Held Necessary 

Ghana, he said, will need out- 
side help to broaden its eco- 
—-femie-base “‘or-it-can go under. - 
And before it can get outside 
capital; the lenders will have to 
be convinced ofits political sta- 
bility. 

“One of the dangers I saw,” 
Dr. Reuling said, “was the temp- 
tation to spend too much on 
flashy, showy things and not 
enough on. things..that.are-nec- 
essary. 

The amount of money being 
spent on “flash” 
pendence Day celebration he. 
said was an example, although 
he could “sympathize with their 
s in wanting to celebrate the 


da : 
nee as the Togolese have 
achieved success, he said, “it is 
because of the chance the British 
gave them.” The African Gov-., 
ernment, he said, 
British ‘civil-service personnel, | 
agricultural and health officers. 

In a letter to his Boston staff | 
‘written during his four-week 
stay in the area, Dr. 

Englishmen Hailed 

“I have met a number of Eng- 
lishmen, formerly in colonial 
service and now in Gold Coast 
Service, Who are staying on. 
Their spirit is wonderful. Some- 
times they work under Africans 
who now have the ultimate re- 
sponsibility, but who do not have 
the - necessary experience and 
training. 

“There is no resentment—they 
are proud of the fact that they 
are helping to found a new na- 
tion and that eventually they 
will work themselves out of 
jobs. The Africans respect them 
and place trust in them. ... 
=~*“For one who grew up as I 
did in race-conscious' South 
Africa it is a thrilling experience 
to find the utter lack of it here. | 
The foreign missionary can be | 
just exactly what he really is, a 
worker sent in friendship by 
Christians overseas to help the 
people of this land. 

“He does not also carry 
stigma which none of us can 
éscape completely in other parts, 
of also being a member of the 
group which dominates in its 
own interest. and 
denies opportunity to people of 
«= wefrican-race for selfish reasons. 


Overseas Merger Planned 


“The missionary is accepted 
—completety. On his side he does 
not have the difficult problem of 
really making himself one with 
the people he came to serve at 
the same time as he maintains 
good relations with the politi- 
cally and economically dominant 
white colonial group.” 

Dr. Reuling went to Togoland 
with Dr. Theophil Twente of the 
Board of International Missions 
of the Evangelical and Reformed 
Church. The Congregationalists 
and the Evangelical and Reform 
Church will merge their over- 
seas work when the two de- 
nominations merge this summer 
Dr. Reuling went to observe the | 
- Evangelical” and Refofm mis- 
sionary work in Togoland since 
~che-was unacquainted with’ this” 
particular area of West Africa. 

The Congregational mission-. 
ary pointed out that the formula 
for success in Togoland would 
not necessarily.apply in other 
—areas.-because, while. there are: 
white people on the Gold Coast, 
there is_no_ white -settlement. 

Example for Other Africans 

Yet, he said, if Ghana is a 
success, the Africans in Rho- 
desia, the Union of South Africa, 
and to a lesser extent in Portu- 
guese Africa and other biracial 
societies will say: “If the 
Coast can have freedom 
white domination, why 
we?” “If they can have their 
own parliament, why can’t we?” 

“The problem in at eg 
countries,” Dr. Reuling said, 
going to be confused by what is 
going to happen in the Gold 
Coast because the latter does not 
have large white minorities who 
have a stake in the land.” 

On the other hand, if Ghana 
fails. he said, “it will strengthen 
the hands of race baiters par- 
ticularly in the Union and other 
parts of Africa where race 
problem.” 


can't 


Dates Announced 


For Hub Arts Fete | 


~ Boston’ s Sixth Annual Arts | 
Festival will be held in the Pub- 
lic Garden June 14 to 29, it has 
been announced. 

More than 600,000. persons 
visited the festival last year, ad- 
mission to which is free. Exhib- 
its are open from 10 a.m. to 10 
p.m. daily. Stage performances 
are given at 8:30 p.m. 

The exhibitions are displayed 
in green-fringed tents set among 
the walks and tulip beds, They 
include New England paintings, 
sculpture, and graphic work; 
crafts displays and demonstra- 
tions; an overseas invitational | 
painting exhibition, and an ar- 
chitectural competition and his-. 
torical review, 


for the Inde- | 


iwere unclear: 


On Program 4 


By Harold Rogers 
It is always a thrill to partici- 
pate in the rapt hush that settles 
over an audience as Myra Hess | 


prepares to play. Before she has, 
sounded a note she has estab- |" 


lished a rapport of sensitivity | 


-_ = 


‘between herself and her listen- 7” 


ers. More than anything else, it | 


is this maturely developed gift; 4 NS 


of poetic interpretation, expres- |; 


sion, and communication that if 


: 


has earned her the esteemed 


~place she has filled in the music 


world over the years. She is the 
reigning queen of the keyboard. 

Symphony .Hall was s0 
crowded ‘yesterday afternoon 
that at least 100 listeners were 


seated onstage. Her. program | 


included only four selections: 
but these, together with her five 
extras, provided well over two 
hours of superb music-making. 


She opened with a Bach Prelude | 


in G major and gave it her usual 
romantic touch, filling in the 
outlines with a full palette of 
pastels, diffusing the colors wate 
judicious use of the pedal. 

For this piece, and for Bach’s s 
English Suite No. 2 in A minor, 
which followed, Dame Myra used 
her notes, a practice she has fol- 
lowed on and off for the past few 
seasons. But yesterday, as be- 
fore, her eyes were seldom on 
the page; apparently the .music 
served as a guide for sequence 
or for repeats. Here, too, her 
Bach was struck off deftly, each 
of the dances a gem of melodic 
and rhythmic filigree. 

The dimensions 
Myra’s art. seldom exceed the 
feminine, yet there are times 
when her ‘womanly spirit calls 
down fire from on high. In Bee- 
'thoven’s “Appassionata” Sonata, 
for instance, she set off some ex- 
'_plosive sforzandos that took the 
ear by surprise. It was an im- 
+passioned ‘traversal, so much so} 


of Dame 


Etudes 


; re i shafts. fly 


I —~ Ke 4 teat 
So ier 
btn 
ae s 
oo4M we 
: 
’ 


dee tote 


_ John Patrick’s new play, 
/“Good as Gold,” which began a 
_pre-Broadway engagement . 7 
' the Shubert Saturday night, 

a satirical farce, based on i 
book by Alfred Toombs, poking 
fun at politics and politicians 


>in general and their ways in 


| Washington in particular. The 
in. many ..directions, 


"| touching on high taxes, elec- 


“es *% 


oS 


| Priedman-Abeles 


James Barton will play the 
title role in “The Sin of Pat 
Muldoon.” coming to the Co- 
lonial Monday, Feb. 25. 


clarity, 
power. 

She continued with another 
gigantic work — Schumann’s 
Symphoniques — and 


however, it gained in 


played them a little drily for one 
at home in the romantic period. 


But in the Chopinesque varia- 
tion she evoked some of the 
loveliest tones, some of the 
sheerest poetry, to be heard from 
the piano. Here, as in some of 
her .extras,..she.showed..us. that 
her highest art is the art in the 
vignette. 

Her listeners, as usual. aé- 
corded her an ovation filled with 
warmth and sincere appreciation. 
She responded first by playing 
Beethoven’s “Fiir itlise,” in 
which we find the stormy master 
in a sentimental mood. She also 


played the A-flat Waltz and the 


Intermezzo in C major by 
Brahms. There was something: 
that sounded like Scarlatti, light 


‘as thistle down: and she con- 


cluded with a Bach Adagio that 


is retaining | that at times some of the notes | plumbed the depths of musical | 
What it- lost in| 


emotion. 


Reuling 


| grandparents. 
'years later when—a staff in his 


days in the 1870's. 


rof the screen. 
o 


frequently | 


is a 
| Canter" ‘Dead Rec koning . 
1, 4:30, 


‘Maxim Gorky’ at Brattle 


: By Melvin 

“Childhood of Maxim Gorky,” 
at the Brattle, flows in a broad 
slow. stream, like the Volga, near 
'whose banks the early years of 
this Russian writer—born Alexei 
Peshkov—were spent. 

The story begins when young 
Gorky, who has just lost his 
father, goes to live with his 
It ends a few 


hand and a bundle of clothes 
over one shoulder—he takes to 
the open road to make his way 
in the world. Gorky was actually 
four when his grandparents took 
him in and 10 - when he left them, 


but inthe film, “as played by 


Alyosha Lyarsky, one w ould 
guess the age span at nine to 12 

‘A swift, eventful life,” 
the novelist later wrote of these 
And to illus- 
trate the point, this Soviet film 
of 1938 contains folk dances that 


fairly leap out at the spectator, 
the | 


family fisticuffs that brim over 
with energy and passion, and 


crowd-scenes after. the. style. of. 


Eisenstein that bulge the corners 


4 


Yet, as has been suggested, the 
film has...a. leisurely, 
| static quality. “Now, as I recall 
‘the past,” Gor ky wrote, “I find 
it difficult to believe it was like 
that.” And for all its violence, 
the action seems to take place 
in some compartment of the 
memory, its immediacy swaddled 
by the very process of recollec- 
tion. 

The pervasively somber mood 
doubtless contributes also to a 
dampened sense of action. A 
virtually catastrophic series of 
events give. body to this mood 
The grandfather's dye works are 
slowly failing. Tsiganok, an ap- 
prentice dyer who _ befriends 
yorky, is killed. An old man 
who worked in the factory for 
37 years goes blind. The works 
themselves burn down, The 


‘grandparénts move to‘peorer and > 


poorer homes, and finally young 
Gorky....is..poking ..through....the 
town dump to collect junk for 
salvage. 

bb 


But, curiously, the film is not 
depressing, The fierce love of 
existence under any terms that 
helped Gorky to survive these 
early days permeates the story, 


4 


expressing ‘itself in Tsiganok's"'-te 


at.times. 


Maddocks 


marvelous outbursts of song, in 
the barbaxous old grandfather's 
sudden... poetical .remembrances 
of his youth as a barge-puller on 
the Volga, and above all, in the 
grandmother’s profound content 
with family and home under the 


worst circumstances. 


The camera adopts the eyes of 
its young hero wherever pos- 
sible, showing, for example, the 
horrifying fascination of fire or 
the exciting charm of animals as 
a child would see them. The re- 
sults are technically brilliant 
and often quite moving. 

Those. without a prier-interest 
in either Gorky or 19th-century 
Russia may not feel the film is 
sufficiently dramatic. But those 
with one or another of these en- 
thusiasms will find a superbly 
enacted tableau of a milieu and 
a childhood. 


Beth El Festival 


Beth El Temple Center of Bel- 
mont and Watertown will spon- 
sor a three-day Festival of the 
Arts on April 4, 5, and 6 at the 
Temple Center, 2 Concord Aveé- 
nue, Belmont. The festival will 
include’ exhibitions covering 
works in the fields of oil paint- 
ing, water colors, drawing, 
graphic arts, sculpture, pho- 
tography, enameling, ceramics 
copperwork, silverwork, and 
woodcarving. 

On Friday 
Rabbi Ear! 
deliver a 
and Art.” 
April 6, 
nese 
under 
Bodky. 

Exhibitors will include George 
Aarons, Ralph Rosenthal, Xenial 
Posever, Doris Appel, David 
Holman, Arthur Polonsky, Lois 
Tariow, Albert Alcalay, Barbara 
Swan, Edna Hibel, Lawrence 
Kupferman, Ruth Cobb,” “and 
Leonard Baskin. Demonstrations 
will...be. -held....by.Mr;-Alcalay; 
Mr. Rosenthal, and Miss Swan. 

The judges wiil be Dorothy 
Adlow, art critic of The Chris- 
tian Science Monitor: Edna 
Hibel, painter: and Mr. Polon- 
sky, instructor in Fine Arts at 
Brandeis University and in- 
structor in painting at the Bos- 
ton Museum School. 


ow 


evening, April 
A. Grollman will 
sermon on “Judaism 
On Saturday evening, 
“An Evening of Vien- 
Music” will be offered 
the direction of Erwin 


D, 


9 ‘| tioneering, Congressional hear- 


‘ings, FBI investigations, Con- | 
| gressional committee. rivalries, | 
and Pentagon defense measures. 


Rs _|...Mr. Patrick’s plot is. sketchy | 


and based on the wacky prem- 
ise of a young botanist’s dis- 
covery of a formula for turn- 
ing gold into soil which will 
‘grow vegetables of 
|size. Because the young man 
‘has run out of gold, he is found, 


when the play begins, in. Wash- | 


_ington hoping to secure from the 
overnment some of the Fort 
| Knox store. One Congressman, 
looking for an election issue, 
sponsors his proposal. Another 
leads the battle against it, 
ee 
Midway in its course, the 
_play runs thin.:An effort to build 
/up a romance between the bot- 
anist and the niece of the Con- 
gressman who supports him 
seems developed in forced and 
arbitrary fashion, as though it 
had been felt some romance 
were necessary;.and the. arrival 
of the young man’s fiancée from 
Oregon is awkwardly handled. 
But Mr. Patrick writes amusing 
dialogue, and he has been 
helped by ingenious stage de- 
signs devised by Peter Larkin 
showing gigantic plants popping 
out in unexpected places all over 
the stage. He is aided too by 
first-rate acting and the lively 
irection of Albert Marre. 
Roddy McDowall makes a 
likable lad of the idealistic 
botanist who is determined that 


his discovery shall be used to’ 


| feed the hungry and not em- 
_ployed to propagate oak trees 
_to choke enemy airfields, on 
which acorns are dropped, or 
'to protect the coastline by im- 
mense fields of seaweed. 

There is a skillful portrayal 
too by Paul Ford as the Con- 
gressman who espouses the 
young man’s proposals. He is 
pompous and platitudinous. but 
he shows a kindly nature be- 
neath the surface. 

Zero Mostel, the third of the 
stars in the cast, sets forth 
colorfully a cynical rapscallion, 
who makes a career of heckling 
Congressional procedures and 
spends most of his time in jail. 
It is there that the botanist 
makes his acquaintance and en- 
lists his aid, shares on Christmas 
Eve the liquor which the latter 
keeps, concealed in a 
lég, and is almost persuaded to 
attempt a jail break in the cos- 
tume of a Santa Claus who is in- 
veigied into their cell. 

PP. SD 


Among the supporting players, 
one of the most attractive is 
, Loretta Leversee as the Con- 
gressman’s niece who falls in 
‘love with the botanist. She over- 
played her role Saturday night, 


but she has a winning warmth | 


and charm. 


Robert Emhart caricatures 


y McDowall Starring — 
tn n John-Patrick. Comedy! 


By Edwin F. Melvin 


immense | 


wooden... 


yA tre tig e “te Das aoe 


the hostile Congressman, arid | 


etal 500d ¢ as Gold’: a Sta age— 


the Blackburn Twins present in 
similar cartoon fashion a pair of | 
s FBI agents. Julien Compton in- 
the minor role of the fiancée 


from Oregon flounces about in a 


manner 


at “soon suggests she 


“will ‘losé her man.‘ Her accent,” 


incidentally, seems more indica- 


tive of the South than the far. 


West. 


The cast is large, with many 
‘small parts. There are frequent | 
changes of scene in the two acts | 
into which the play is divided. | 


'And the pattern presents such 


devices as an introductory com- | 
mentator and spotlighted views | 
of the rival Congressmen as they | 


deliver radio speeches. 


pa a i Res i ae é 
5 


aus as Gold” 


At the Shubert—Comedy 7 
John Patrick, based on boo 
Tired” ‘Toombs 


“presented’')” 


by Cheryl! Cerniort with Wil- 
liam Myers, directed by Albert 
Marre, settings by Peter Lar- 
kin, costumes by Noel. Taylor. 
The cast includes: 

Commentator 
Benjamin... 


7 


5 Edward Fuller 
Roddy McDowal} 

Policeman ne 

Doc Penny ....«++ 

Barbara Lor 

Congressman Fairweather. 

A, none aaa Jason Robert Emhardt 

McDouga Royce Blackburn 

McFeddten Ramon Blackburn 

Jail Officer. % 

Radio Announcer 

Radio Engineer .. 

Reporter . 


Clarence .Stemier 
Photographer .. .. dohn Harkins 
Caucus Room Guard Clement Brace 
Boy Scouts Richard Bosman, Harold 
Greenberg. William Hanron, 
Mare Jacobs, Gerald Koocher, 
Arthur Lipkin, Mark S8cheier, 
Richard ones 
Scribe nneth Santos 
U 8. Storage Vault Director 
gh Evans 


Hu 
Fredrica . Julien Sompron 


rt in Worcester 


| “Carnival in Venice” is the 
title of a special display at the 
‘Worcester Art Museurh. With 


} this exhibition four large paint- 


ings are shown for the first 
time. They were purchased by 
Francis. Henry. Taylor, who .re- 

turned recently from New York, 
'where he was head of the Met- 


+ropolitan Museum of Art for 15 


years, to direct once again the 
| Worcester Art Museum. 


| This curious lot of paintings 


reveals Mr. Taylor's interest in’ 


‘art for its social, human, and 
historical implications. Obvious- 
ily he was not hunting for great 
}masters or “name” pictures, nor 
\for material specifically fash- 


Gyorgy Sandor Heard at Harvard 


By Klaus George Roy 
Gyorgy Sandor’s piano recital 


| 


such thing as 


“competent” or 
“adequate” 


casteramane of it. 
he time may come when Mr. 


at Sanders Theater yesterday | condor will. join the elect com- 


afternoon paid homage to the 
“Three B's’ of music, in a 
slightly revised line-up: Bach, 
Beethoven, and Bartok. Just to 
be courteous .to the “regular 
third baseman,” however, 
Brahms’ B-flat minor Intermezzo 
was offered as the first of three 
encores. 

Courtesy to the artist, on the 
part of the Pierian Sodality of 
1808, might have included re- 
moval of a blackboard from the 
stage, a program unmarred by 
nine errors and omissions, and a 
larger piano with a _ properly 
tuned high C-sharp. 

Mr. Sandor, a tall, undemon- 
strative, almost diffident man 
who resembles a younger Horo- 
witz, is a pianist of splendid en- 
dowments and potential great- 
ness. His absence of personal 
mannerisms only sets off a fiery 
temperament and a natural flair 
for the keyboard. 

Yet the first half of the pro- 
gram. was an unexpected miscal- 
culation. Bach’s Toccata and 
Fugue in D minor turned out to 
be not the so-named piece for 
piano (harpsichord), but an un- 
credited transcription of the 
famous organ work. In this ver- 
sion, the music gains nothing and 
loses much; Mr. Sandor’s per- 
formance was surprisingly per- 
functory, not even distinguished 
by flawless virtuosity. 


| ARE LOE 


Why it should be the custom 
to include a Beethoven sonata 
on virtually every: piano recital 
is not quite clear. Mr. Sandor 
bravely tackled the hardest of 
them all: Op. 106 in B-flat, the 
“Hammerklavier’ Sonata. 

He certainly has the technique 


-pany of those who can do it 
justice. 

To this listener’s taste, the art- 
ist should have devoted his en- 
tire recital to the music of Béla 


| Bartok: his playing after the 


, the 


intermission was consistently 
first-rate. In music of his great 
countryman Mr. Sandor is an 
ideal interpreter, one of the 
half-dozen pianists who have 
become identified with the Hun- 
garian Gomposer’s art. His re- 
cent recording of the complete 
“Mikrokosmos”. hasbeen. widely 
acclaimed, and his insight into 
nature of Bartok’s original 
and powerful expression is pen- 
etrating and personal. 


Ah! Pe 
The good-sized audience heard 
first the Six Romanian Dances 
from Hungary (1915), a won- 
derfully vital set whose earthy 


‘Transylvanian melodies are en- 


to. .master..this. next-to-impossi-~ 


ble challenge, but the result was 
more “hammer” than “klavier.” 
Although he conquered the mu- 
sic, it ultimately vanquished 
him. With all the 
touches he brought to this gi- 
gantic conception, he seems not 
to have thought it through, lived 
with it, found the illumination 
and maturity to recreate it. 

. The Sonata is one of those 
works that afford either an over- 
whelming experience or a dis- 
appointing one; there can be no 


Juilliard Group With Tucker 


By 
During his lifetime Antonin 
Dvorak exercised a ruthless dis- 
crimination regarding his own 
works. He destroyed many of 
his manuscripts, particularly 
among his earlier efforts, and 
he refused to allow the publica- 
tion of several others. One 
would wish to’ respect a com- 
poser’s intentions, but later gen- 
erations have the right to a 
kindly curiosity about a great 
composer's lesser works and 
even about his failures. 
[ae ee 
Among Dvofrak’s unpublished 
works was the Quintet in. A.Ma- 
jor, Op. 81, for piano. and string 
quartet. Yesterday afternoon at 


the Kresge “Atiditorium the Juil- 


liard String Quartet presented 
this composition with the assist- 
ance of Gregory Tucker, pianist. 
on a program in the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology’s 
Humanities Series. 

In this work Dvorak attempted 
to fuse folk elements into 
classic -sonata 


Entertainment Timetable 


Music 


Hall—Brigadoon.” presented 
tr New England Conservatory, 


Temorrew 


Museum—Norma-Lee 


Gardner 
pianist Roneld Gerbrands. 


Kulbere 
baritone 
2.45 


Theaters 


Shubert—''Good as Gold 
Dor 2 oe a il Fo ra. 
Fri - mats 


Me- 
8:30 


Roddy 
Zero Mosteli 


Films in Boston 


Aster—'**The Ten Commandments.” 
Chariton Heston Yuli Brynner. Anne 
Baxter. 9:30. 2:30. & 
eacon Hill— The Great Man." Jose 
Perrer, 10:20 12:15, 2:10, 4:05, 6. 
7:55 50 

Boston— "Seven Wenders of the World.” 
Cinerama. 2.30. 

Humphrey 

‘Man Without 
11:25, 2:50 


20. 
| @ueter— Os ae te Denwetteer.” 4 
5:45. 7:45 9:4 a. 
Fenway— histor’ 
oe Hyver. 
Tower." 


Bogart, 9 
Star.” 
9:50 


30 


a Kirk Douglas. 


Cory.” 


Se * 
i 30 


2:50. 


Pat 
"20 
gonn Sree t:T5. 


Ot: 0. 
Keb. Memorial—"Anestasia. 1 
Bergman, Yul Srynner Pest 
Pee. 11:35 1:40. 3:45. 5:5 
ore— ‘Lust for Life. ’ 
las, Anthony Quinn, 1:08, 
7:38, 9:48 
May flower—'' Written 
Rock Hudson }auren Bacal), 
12:20. 3:25 6: 30. 9:35. ‘Everything But 
the Truth.”’ 10:50, 1:55, 5, 8:05. 
Metropolitan —- ‘Cindere! la,’ 9:40. 12:05, 


. & 
Orp Van Johnson. 9:50. 
: ‘Barretts of Wimpole 
* Jenn fer zones, John Gielgud. 
1:15. 3: 55. 6:30. 
Paramount— a Tg ‘ec 
Martaa Hyer. 9:30 35. 3:3 
9:45. vie Tower.” John Ba, 
10:55, 2, 5:30. 6:15. 
rim— Wicked, As Thev Come.” Ar- 
lene hi. 9 12:30. 3:30. 6:30. 9:30. 
“Utah Blaine.’ ‘a Rory Galhoun. 11, 32. 


‘Saxon ‘The Rainmaker.” Burt Lancas- 
er ener Hepburn. 10:40. 12.50. 


20 
get. ‘Barretts of Wimpole Streqt,’ 


0. 8. 9:55. 
Kirk wt 
3:18. 


on the 


Wind.” 


Tony mate. 
6.40 


' 


a 
Helen Hayes. 


9:15.) 


11:40 


Jennifer Jones, John Gi 
3:05. 6:30 John- 


e) 

10. “Slander Ven 

son, 1:40, 5:05. 9:30 
Strand To Catch a Thief.” “Beach- 
Telepix— Japan lng 4» s of Freedom 
The (>) ary 

Happ’ 
Plavgiris’ news 
to midnight 
Trans-Lux-— ‘T! 


10:30 a m 


ree Brave Men.’ 


Judy Gar- 
Bundle of Jo 
Debbie Reynolds. 1:40 


Films in Suburbs 


ALLSTON—Capitol: “Bundie 
‘Strange Intruder 
ARLINGTON—C apitol: 
Bust.” “Huk. 
Regent: “Sharkfighters, 
BRA NTREE—Braintree: “Don't Knock 
the Rock.’ “‘Rumble on the Docks.”’ 
BROOKLINE—Cleveland Cirele:; “Baby 
Doli.’ “Dance Little Lady.’ 
Coolidge: “Pour Girls in 
“Everything but the Truth.’ . 
CAMBRIDGE — Brattle: “‘Childbood of 
&. eee: 7:30 9 fen 
Three Brave en.” 
“Bhow- 


of Jo’ 


“Hollywood oF 


“Comanche” 


Torn.” 


Bhan ol on the Wind.’ 
yoy at Abilene. 
University: “Woman's Devotion,” 
4:45, } am “Hollywood or Bust, 


6:20, 

CHARLESTOWN—Thompron Sq.: 
of Death.’ “Garden of Evil.’ 

DEDHAM _ Comamany: 
the August A emas 
Frontier Scou 

= HESTER—Adams: 

own B meade ent 

Coaman Sq.: “Virginian, 
tg Years Before the 


Dorchester: “Submarine 
‘Stand at Apache River.’ 
Franklin: : Girls 


Kiss 


“Teahouse of 
“Quincannon., 


“Pour Girls in 


" 1:25, 7:48 
Mast.” 2:48 


Command.” 
in Town 
4:15. 7:45 
* 2:46 46. 
ee i, Are in 
. 
MIN inema: “Bundle of 
Joy." “Istanbul.” 


a cease: “Mystery of Black Jungle.’ 
hree-Ring Circus. 


Guns.”’ 
9 


1:30, 


German: ‘Friendly Persuasion.” 
NCOCK VILLAGE—Hancock: 
ouse of the August Moon.” 
HYDE PARK-—Fairmount ‘Teahouse of 
August Moon “He Laughed 
Last.” 

LEXINGTON “Texington: “Love 
Tender Stagecoach to Fury 
MALDEN — Auditerium: “Dance Little 
Lady.’ 1. 7:30. “Rififi.”’ 2:32. 9:02 
Granada: “Strange Intruder } 
7:44. “Baby Doll,” 2:28. 5:50. 9:12... 
Strand— ‘Three for Jamie Daw! 1 15. 
9:57 Disneyiand.’’ 2 45. i 45 “Wes 
ward Ho the Wagons 
MATTAPAN—Oriental: 
Brave Men 
YNAR 


H “Tea- 


Me 


ams 


ORI 1AD 
“The 


“Don't Kock the 
the Dock 


"Th ee 


— Fime Arts: Wrone 


MI 
MELRO : Hol) iveeed or 
“Love Me Tender , 
MILTON — Art Theater: 

9: 


NEEDHAM—Paramount: “Don't Knock 
the Rock.’ “Rumble on the Docks.” 
NEWTON—Paramount: “Three Brave 
Men.” “Younes Guns 
Qu INC ¥-Strand: Dandie 
‘Black Whip 
ROSLINDALE—Rialto: 
August Moon.’ “Rawhide Years.” 
aoe se na ‘Teahouse of the 
ae A Moon,” “He Laughed Last.” 
) —_ RVILLE—Ball Sq.: “Hollywood or 
ust. 


“Aida.” 7:15 


of Joy.” 


“Hu % 
Capitol: “Holiywood or Bust.” * ae ” | 


Central: a ee oa 

Teele ! in Town. 

“Bverything one ‘the Truth.” 
FT ea ‘Don't Knock 


te * . 


“Bands 
Jima.” “Fighting “me Guard.” 
Embassy: “Riff.” hree Brave Men.’ 
WATERTOWN — Coolidge: “Carensal” Y 
WELLESLEY HILLS—Playhouse: ‘“Tea- 


2.58, 7:6. 
Rack.” . 


eon: ‘The 


Brave 


‘Wr on the 
Wind.”’ “Sh howdown ba Abilene 

WOLLAS TON—Wollast Don’ t Knock 
the Reck.”” “Rumble = the Docks.” 


Jules 


'sicianship,.devoted..study, 


the 
structure. The} 


‘in 


“Teahouse of the | 


“Rumble on. 


of Iwo | 


Wolffers 


impressive | 


second movement bears the me, 


“Dumka,” properly a Russian 
term meaning a lament or 
mournful song. The Scherzo is a 
furiant, that national dance of 
Bohemia characterized by speed 
and alternating rhythms. But 
folk elements abound in the first 
and Jast movements also, al- 
though these bear no titles other 
than Allegro ma non tanto and 
Finale. 

Given a spirited perfarmance 
by Robert Mann, Robert Koff, 
Raphael Hillyer, and Claus 
Adam, with Mr. Tucker provid- 
ing excellent support at the 


advantage that thoughtful mu- 


first-rate ensemble could bring. 
Neverthless, it was made clear 
that Dvofak’s own probable es- 
timate of the work was correct. 
The Quintet does not hang to- 
gether, the joints and devices are 
only. too evident. It does not flow 
smoothly, and there is more than 
one aw kw ard hitch. 


wae a 


piano, the work. received every: « 


and. 


mr eo METROPOLITAN} 


Yet there are also passages of" 


|excitement and sections of real 
| beauty, 
‘it is a magnificent failure. But! 
one ' 


If the work is a failure, 


spite of reservations, 


could enjoy the work, and the 


audience granted the Quintet 
and its performers generous ap- 
plause, 

The opening piece was 
Mozart Quartet in G major, K. 
387, played in alert and vital 
style. The Beethoven Quartet in 
F major, Op. 135, the last he 
wrote, was also splendidly per- 
formed. This was a well-bal- 
anced and interesting perform- 
ance which the near-capacity 
audience found much to its 
liking. 


Art Exhibitions 


Bosten Public Library. Copley Square 
= agin Ge Oatiory Prints of New York 
City 28. 

Botolph p Barteng for Religious Art. 247. 
Newbury Street—Prints. featuring 
etchings by Michel Ciry. To March 12. 

Children’s Art Center, 36 aes Street 

~ Watercolors OF. i. Ky Gren ; 
es by Ytaki Ohasi. “Parough | 

Copley Seciety, 123 Newbury Street — 
ortraits by Josephine A. Harding. | 
To March 1 


Doll a Richards. 140 Newvary | 
Street—Paintings by Anna Prince. To 
eb. 13. 


ee Newbury. 
rnold W 


Gulld of Besten Artists, 
Street—Exhibition by 
Knauth and /erri Ricci. te March 9 


is Sens, 131 Seana Street— 
To Fed. 22. 
Dartmouth | 
by Gaston La-- 
o Fed. 24. 
_ Fine Arts, 


722 Newbury Steeetas | 

ee exhibitio . To March 98. 
Gal Bovisten Street — 
‘Water colers by Richard C. Leavitt 


the 


' 


| 


Little Studic, 139 Boyisten ~ g 
hibition of Naondo Nakamura. 
Ka 


465 Runtingtes | an. 


a | 


hanced by piquant harmonies 
and irresistible rhythms. (Did 
the artist forget to play No. 5?) 
The Six Dances in Bulgarian 
Rhythm, dedicated to the Eng- 
lish pianist Harriet Cohen, form 
the final numbers (148 to 153) 
from Book Six of. the “Mikro- 
kosmos:” Here; the rhythmic 
complexity is extraordinary, 
with meters divided in many 
unusual ways; and an elemental 
drive that leaves ordinary syn- 
copation far behind. 

The Three Rondos on Folk 
Tunes (1916-1927) are delight- 
ful in their sensitivity and wit, 
pieces of immense charm and 
grace. Mr. Sandor played them 
with evident affection. He closed 
with the widely known “Allegro 
Barbaro” of 1911, Bartok’s 
“declaration of independence” 
from romanticism and impres- 
sionism. 


This brief and potent piece 
is no longer terrifying to our 
ears; it signals for us the deep 
and fruitful absorption in the 
essence of folk music which 
was to enthrall Bartok’s cre- 
ativity from then on, to our 
benefit. Mr. Sandor should re- 
turn to Boston for a series of 
recitals containing the entire 
piano music of this towering 
twentieth-century composer. 


———e 


Morning Musicale Artists 

Artists for next season—the 
30th vear of the Boston Morning 
Musicales. — were announced 


recentiy..at.the.Statler.by.Con-., 


stance B. Learned, secretary of 
the committee for the Musicales. 
The list includes: 

Luboshutz and Nemenoff, duo- 
pianists, on Oct. 30; 
, Simoneau, tenor, on Dec. 4: Vic- 

toria de los Angeles, soprano, on 
Dec. 18: Artur Rubinstein, 
pianist, on Jan. 8; Adele Addi- 
son, soprano, om. Feb. 5: and 
Leonard Warren, baritone, on 
March 5. 


‘Brigadoon’ Cast 


Leading roles in “Brigadoon,” 
to be presented by the New 
England Conservatory in Jordan 
Hall tonight and Tuesday eve- 
ning at 8:30 o'clock, will be 
sung by Ronald Gerbrands and 
Nancy Snyder. The choreogra- 
phy will be by Virginia Williams 
of the Boston School of Ballet. 
Proceeds will benefit the con- 
servatory’'s scholarship | funds. 


Old South Recital 


Jean Lunn, soprano, accom- 
panied by Martin Boykan pian- 
ist, will be heard in a recital 
of songs by Wolf, Schonberg, 
and Berlioz in the Old South 
Meeting House on Wednesday 
noon at 12:15. 


Leopold | ons 


"Carnival in Venice’ Display 


Features Recent Accessions.—-- 


By Dorothy Adlow 


ionable among sophisticates of 
the American art world 

Mr. Taylor has very quickiy 
adjusted his planning to the 
needs of a smaller American 
museum with a modest budget. 
Names. no. longer. challenge. his 
ambitions, and the prodigious 
cost of sought-after prize pieces 
prohibits their accession. There 
is a new challenge, the discovery 
of hidden reserves of art, the 
uncovering of new identities, the 
ferreting out of forgotten tr ob- 
scure talents. 

4 4 

These four paintings are be- 
lieved to be the work of Ales- 
sandro Piazza. They are painted 
with a descriptive intention, 
filled with details, compact with 
the pageantry of Verietian life 
about two and a half centuries 
ago 

Here is an art of social docu- 
mentation, of cultural revela- 
tion, and of decorative bril- 
liance. For even‘a painter of 
modest rank was bred to a tradi- 
tion, trained to a way of seeing 
and recording adapted to theat- 
rical and picturesque modes of 
celebration and-entertainmeit. 

There are family resemblances 
im- composition, visualization, 
and expression with celebrated 


-portrayers of Venice and Vene- 


tians—to Guardi, Canaletto, 
Longhi. The Taylor purchase 
marks a more local and folk 
handling, but there is a corre- 
sponding vigor and brilliance. 

, 4 , 


Here are two interior scenes, 
a musical theater and a gaming 
house, and two outdoor -views 
of the annual excursion of the 
and of a regatta. There 
is a profusion of descriptive de- 
tails, of sumptuous costumes, © 
ornate trappings, and varied 
paraphernalia—a seething pano- 
rama of hectic entertainment, 

Venice as a city has been e 


and 


| particular favorite, for. its ex- 


ternal beauty, for its theatrical 
style of living. The Worcester 
pictures tell us a good deal about 


Venice. But they do more; they 


bring a sampling of European 
life of a bygone day with the 
vitality and zest that can be im- 
parted by an energetic artist, 
even if he does not fill out the 
dimensions of a master. 


ee 


Art Outside Boston 


Andover, Mass.—Addisen Gallery: Exhi!- 
bition of artists of the Ner East. Te 


Feb. 23 

Cambridge, Mass.—Busch-Reisinger Mu- 
seum: Recent — of 26the 
century art. To Feb 

Boyisten Print Gallery: 
Haefl. To Feb. 23 

Foge Museum; Ballet 
March 17 

Gropper Galleries: 
tion of Gustav 

Schuster Gallery: Water colors, prints, 
drawings from Ohio State University. 
To Feb. 21 


Pints by Terry 

Te 

Retrospective exh ible 
roif. 


exhibitions. 


*, 


AMUSEMENTS 


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A few Comedy by JOHN PATRICK 
Based on the book by Alfred Toombs 


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BRATTLE | 
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TR 6-4226 


Please Tell Them 


Theater. managers oppre- 
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of response to their adver- 
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IMIS BRI Ds 


Trigere navy chiffon serge 
suit illustrates “tutu” style 
with double peplum, one on 
jacket and one on skirt. In red, 
blue, parchment. 


Softness 
Marks 


if 
By Marilyn Hoffman 


Staff Correspondent o! 
The Christian Science Morrtor 


New York 
Suits are where they want to 
be this season—up top in the 
spring wardrobe and proud to be 

there! 
They will lead the fashion 
parade, and they will be there 
because they have earned their 
place. If, as is said, suits are due 
to have the strongest fashion re- 
vival in a decade, it is because 
they are -softer, prettier, and 

more wearable than before... 
Never, it seems, have suits 
been offered in such variety. 
There are belted suits, boxy 
suits, short-jacketed suits, full- 
skirted suits, «nd peplum suits. 
There are cape suits, bloused- 
back suits, and dressmaker suits. 


More Elegance 

These varifvus 
tributing to the 
increased 
The 


cuts are con- 
“pentling” and 
elegance they show 
softness is added by tabs 
and tucks. ties, buttons, bows, 
belts, and blousing. 

The past few years have seen 
the decline of the fitted, body- 
hugging silhouette and the rise 
of the era of eased and relaxed 
waistlines usually embodied in 
short, perky jackets, explains 
Leon Frechtel of the Frechtel 
firm here. The Dior “Dutch Boy” 
skirt with varying “degrees of 


eee ii | 


Sarees Pate Kiely 


Another spring note is the 
“vaulted waistline” jacket, for 
wool sheath, shown on Hannah 
Troy suit with grosgrain band 
and bow. 


fullness in tront and a slim 
back, Mr. Frechtel says, has in- 
trigued> many women, particu- 
larly those who need ..a little 
spare room in the skirt, This 
manufacturer also believes that 
the. casual. loose-fitting silhou- 
ette, as exemplified by Chanel, 
will continue to grow in ime- 
portance. 
Fabrics..and.colors,.too,..have 
their important part in the role 
of the spring suit. Never before, 
Mr. Frechtel explains, has a 
women been offered such a tre- 
mendous variety of fabrics, lit- 


erally collected from ali parts of. 


the globe. 


Variations Many 

She can have plain silks, silk 
tweeds, silk and worsted mix- 
tures, wool and alpaca mixture, 
dacron and worsted (ideal for 
travel), cotton, or chiffon-weight 
tweeds and flannels. While navy 
no doubt ranks first in color, it 
is followed closely by the new 
light and lovely pearl gray, by 
light beige, and a whole range 
of violet tones 

For variations on the current 
suit - theme: “Suits are soft 


Writ 


Quick Trick for the Kitchen 


ten for The Christ 


Hannah Troy also offers silk 
and wool tweed with low- 
placed jacket belt beneath 
back blousiness. White piqué 
over-collar adds fresh interest. 


again,” says Frank Gallant, who 
offers “shape-in-motion” suits 
which have semifitted jackets 
and tabs in back 

Monte Sano & Pruzan repeats 
the belted line in many spring 
suits, whether as high belt, half 
belt, or simply hip-banding set- 
in belt. Some belts resemble 
sashes and are tied in front. 
Nettie Rosenstein, too, likes the 
half-sash belt which folds over 
neatly in front. 

Ben Zuckerman likes the 
jaunty lines of a cutaway jacket 
(which resembles a dandy’s 
waistcoat), short and curved 
away from the figure but unfit- 
ted. He matches his cutaway 


ian Scien 


¢ Monitor 


Green Mayonnaise (Sauce Verte) for Cold Fish—Have you 
often wondered how to make the green sauce verte served with 


cold fish at parties and in clubs and restaurants? 


Now you can 


have it on your own table! Wash thoroughly 8 spinach leaves, 


4 sprigs parsley, and the 


leaves from 
Cover with boiling water and let stand for 5 minutes. 
leaves and put into cold water: 


8 sprigs water cress. 
Drain 


drain again and squeeze to 


remove all water. Chop and press through a fine sieve. Com- 


bine with 1 cup mayonnaise. 


Reassuranee for Italians 


Norstad Points Up NATO Readiness 


By Walter Lucas 
Special Correspondent of 
The Christian Set ence Monitor 
Rome 
Gen. Lauris Norstad, paying | 
his first official visit to Italy as 


are strong enough to annihilate 
any enemy. 

The Chief of Supreme Head- 
quarters Allied Powers in Eu- 
rope was addressing a distin- 
guished gathering of foreign 
diplomats, - Italian statesmen, 
and military and _. industrial 
leaders at the FHtalian Center 
for International Reconstruction 
Feb. 16 

In his speech General Norstad 
elaborated the theme that the 
emblem of the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization, shield and 
sword, symbolized the two ma- 
jor aspects of NATO planning— 
defense and reprisal. The objec- 
tive of the former, he said, was 
to hold back aggression and the 
“objective of tatter “was “to~de- 
stroy the aggressor. 


General Norstad said he based ' 


his strategy on three elements: 
1. Sufficient force to assure 
failure of any attack launched 
against the West. 
2. Firm determination to em- 


-_- 


' 
' — 


»e 


yp Challenge 


, . Miss Buzzell pp vaca by Restaurateurs 


“Written eo The Christian 6 Sehenes Monitor tenia now serve 3,000 poe nf —. 


Some time ago, when.Frances 
- Buzzell was atheniine her first 
directors meeting of the Massa-.. 


“chusetts Restaurant ‘hiesclation” 


one of the men present started 
to speak, addressing the group 
as “Gentlemen.” Another direc- 
tor interrupted to remind him of 
the presence of a lady. 

“Oh! That’s all right,” the 
= poy retorted, “Frances is one 
of u 

A ‘haat apt characterization it 
was, for Frances Buzzell is at 
home in any gathering, regard- 


’~Jess Of its make-up. For the past 


Handmacher suit with %<- 
length sleeve is classically 
simple except for relieving 
dressmaker touches. Slim skirt. 


with a slim gored 
dotted silk bow 
stunning ensemble. 

Pauline Trigere revives 
longer- jacketed suit by means of 
her “tutu”"—which means - 
she softens the narrow skirts of 
her suits with a double-flared 
jacket peplum. Elfreda-Visioni’s 
navy sheer wool suit also gives 
the effect of being belted over a 
short, pleated peplum. The 
under-belt pleated peplum effect 
is also seen in Christian Dior’s 
New York spring suits. 


Jacket Styles 


At Hattie Carnegie, the “little 
suits” are often ‘short jacketed, 
semifitted, or with  waist- 
length jackets. and skirts vary 
from slim to soft, unpressed 
pleat styles. 

“The classic suit has gone 
softer and more feminine,’ 
they are saying at Handmacher, 
a house long known for its trim, 
tailored models. 

To satisfy. what the company 
feels is a “suit-minded” public, 
it offers a wide range of suits, 
including belted numbers, the 
demi-cape look, the bolero look, 
and the soft dressmaker suit. 
Many suits this season feature 
7g-length sleeves, lots more bow 
and tab details, lighter weight 
and more colorful fabrics. 

Gray flannel] for spring? Of 
course, The chiffon-weight, 
pearl-gray flannel suits at Hand- 


blouse for a 


11 years, manager of the food 
services of the First National 
Bank of Boston, Miss Buzzell 
was elected last May to the pres- 
idency of the Restaurant Asso- 
ciation, the first woman to hold 
that office in the association’s 
22-year history. 


Born in Maine 


Frances Buzzell has had a va- 
-ried. business and. professional 
background. A native of Maine, 
she attended Thornton Acad- 
emy at Saco and a business 
college in Portland. The first 
step in her career was as office 
secretary for the Cumberland 
County Power and Light Com- 
pany. Later she became office 
manager for the Standard Oil 
Company at Biddeford. 

She then decided to go into 
nursing and took her training at 
the Hayward Memorial Hospital 
in Gardner, Mass. After serving 


nurse, she found her niche in the 
field- of food management and 


these lines in New York City. 


Feeds Schoolboys 


Soon she found herself man- 
ager of the cafeteria of the De- 
witt Clinton High School, one of 
New York’s largest, with 6,000 
hungry boys to feed each noon. 
Later she accepted a _ position 
with the New York City Young 
Women’s Christian Association 
as food service director of its 
large metropolitan branch on 
Lexington Avenue. While in 
New York she was active in the 
Greater New York Dietetic. As- 
sociation, serving for a time as 
social chairman. 

Compelled by family concerns 
to return to New England, she 
had planned to settle in Boston, 
but wartime necessity and the 
lure of working with food. and 
with people proved irresistible. 
Shortly after Pearl Harbor .she 
was called to. Dartmouth Col- 
lege, Hanover, N.H.., to direct the 
feeding of 6,000 young men 
taking special training for the 
United States Navy. Here she 
was also responsible for the food 
service in the college dining 
commons. 

In 1945 the officers of the First 
National Bank of Boston were 
looking for someone to head 
their food service and Frances 
Buzzell was their choice. Started 


titians, 
other employ 


under Ms 
more Ga 80. 


Her insistence upon top food 
quality and careful planning of 
menus has made the bank’s food 
services a source of pride and 
_pleasure to every mem of the 
‘staff, from the directors and 
officers down to the newest 
clerical recruit. Important visi- 
tors from various parts of the 
world are frequently entertained 
in the attractive dining rooms. | 

a --consequene, Frances 
Buzzell’s fame as a dietetic ex- 
pert has been spread far and 
wide. Recently a banker from 
South America, impressed with 
the food and service, sought her 
counsel. in.planning an employee 
cafeteria in his establishment in 
Brazil. 


But it is as an administrator 
that Frances “Buzzell has exer- 
cised greatest influence. Workers 
with food have a reputation for 
being temperamental. A_ chef 
will often feel that his method of 
preparing a dish is the only 
proper one. This poses a swebiens 
for the manager who is inter- 
ested in obtaining uniform re- 
sults, based upon standard for- 
mulas. Miss Buzzell’s method-of_ 
solving such a problem is most 
effective. 

Instead of reprimanding or ar- 
guing, she uses what might be 
called the Socratic method. Her 
approach is usually in the form 
of a question, such as, “Now, 


skirt and a in Boston for a time as a private don’t you think it would be het. 


ter to do it this way?” 


This method “saves face,” and 


the dietetics and took courses along ifthe employée has a sound 


macher show that the old gray in 1924, when lunchrooms were Lyman W. Fisher, Staff Photographer 


flannel isn’t. what.it used to. be. 


—at least not-for 1957. 


spring, 


the 
cafe- 


provided... for....50 ...peaple, 
bank’s dining rooms and 


reason for deviating from stand- 
nd--ard procedure he is-free-to sub- 
mit it, It is not that Miss Buz- 
elt is “easy” on her employees. 
Her own standards are of the 
highest and she expects each 
worker to measure up to what 
is required of him. 

Her practical knowledge of 
food is such that she com- 
mands the respect of her staff 
members. They know that she 
is fair and reasonable in her 
requirements, and she has de- 


veloped cooperation and team-. 


work to-ar unusual degree. 


Frances at Helm 


In the words of a fellow di- 
rector of the Restaurant Asso- 
ciation, “Frances Buzzell is a 
born -executive.” Unlike “some 
others—men or women—in ad- 
ministrative positions, ~~ she 
knows how to delegate respon- 
sibility and commensurate au- 
thority. At the same time, she 
holds those under her strictly 
accountable for results achieved. 

It is this flair for administra- 
tion that Frances Buzzell has 
brought to her job as president 
of the Massachusetts Restaurant 
Association. In recent years the 
post has been largely an hono- 
rary one, with much of the 
work falling to the executive 
secretary. When Miss Buzzell’s 
name was suggested there was 
considerable. discussion. as --to 
whether a woman could success- 
fully handle what had been con. 
sidered a man’s job. 

Any skepticism vanished when 
Frances took the helm. She had 
been program.chairman during 
the year preceding and had made 


b, — | 


TAMALL ME 


ieee mee 


“ago™ 
Starting..a special in-plant feede.,, 


a notable sescel Three years. 
she was” instrumental” 


ing group within the association, 
This has become outstandingly 
successful. 

A great believer in getting 
things done through others, she 
has injected new life in the 
association’s committee struce 
ture. When she appoints a come 


mittee she sees that the group 


really functions. 
Members who formerly were 


RH WE, BOS 


44 


ni” 


inactive now find themselves .en~...... 


grossed in committee work. A 
new plan has been adopted 
whereby new directors are 
elected upon a rotating basis, 
thus bringing new ideas into the 
association’s activities. 


Slender and energetic, Frane 


ces Buzzell exercises unusual 
leadership in a quiet, tactful 
manner that is completely withe 
out ostentation. Whether ene- 
gaged in her regular duties at 
the..bank. or in the -president’s 
chair at the association, her ene 
thusiasm is pervasive and cone 
tagious. 


In addition to her other trbeeas ; 
is a director. 


ests; Miss Buzzell 
of the Henry O. Peabody School 
at Norwood, where girls are 
given vocational training in 
cookery and home economics. 

Whether or not there is such 
a person: as a-“born’ executive,” 
it can well be said that Frances 
Buzzell is a master of what has 
been termed “the art of getting 
things done through others.” Ale 
though a woman, she is holding 
down two man-sized jobs” and 
taking both in stride. 


Miss Buzzell in Line With Chef Ernest Hinckley at Bank Cafeteria 


: Army to Try A-Skill 


| 


By the Associated Press 


- Supreme Commander of the At- } 
lantic Pact forces, said they now | 


Washington -~: | 


The Aa: will test its new -atomic warfare concepts in a 


field exercise starting in March involving more than 20,000 
troops in the Louisiana maneuver area. 

Headquarters and staff units from two Army corps and five 
divisions will participate in Exercise King Cole. The Army said 
the operation is designed to train commanders and staff per- 


sonnel under assumed conditions of “extensive” 
tronic, and chemical-biological-radiological warfare. 


atomic, elec- 


The exercises will start March 27 and continue through 
April 16, Participating troops and staff will be drawn from 


the 3d corps. 
Fort Bragg. N.C.., 


Fort Hood. Texas: 


the 18th Air-Borne Corps, 


and the Ist Armored, Ist Infantry, 3d Infan- 


try, the 82d and 10lst Air-Borne Divisions. 


ploy that force whenever it was 
necessary. 

3. To make it clear to poten- 
tial aggressors that such force 
exists as well as the determina- 
,tion to use it, hex: 


1 ‘Terrible and Comforting’ 


risal and referring 
strength of the United 
strategic air arm and 
bomber force, General 
deciared: “I will say 


the 
States 
British 
Norstad 
that it 1S 


to 


i we have 
| ing 


Turning tothe “power “of re | 


both terrible and comforting. I 
will say that it does not mattér 
what may be the power of our 
adversary—it does not matter 
what fury may fire him; today 
the power of annihilat- | 
him and we can maintain 
that power.” 

This reminder of” NATO’s 
striking force came at a moment 
when the American Sixth Fleet 
is undertaking joint maneuvers 
with other Allied naval units 
in the Mediterranean. In the 


France Curbs Liquor to Youth 


By Joan Thiriet 
Special Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 
Paris 

Gravely alarmed by signs that 
alcoholism is increasing its al- 
ready deep inroads in France, 
the National Assembly has 
passed a bill cutting down pub- 
lic drinking of alcoholic bever- 
ages by children. 

After a typical clash between 
deputies supporting the govern- 
ment’s antialcoholic campaign 
and those deputies who form the 
notorious “wine lobby” in the 
greatest wine-producing country 
in the world, the bill was passed 
by 527 to 46, a notable victory 

The bill calls for a ban 
serving more than 3 degrees al- 
coholic drinks to children under 
12 vears of age. Youths between 
12 and 20 may not be served 
any beverage with an alcohol 
content of more than 12 degrees. 
(French wins run from 9 to 13 


degrees and hard liquors “fro | 


15 to 45 degrees.) 

The Premier’s office has in 
past months launched a fresh 
campaign against alcoholism, in- 
cluding the dispatch of five mil- 


lion blotters exhorting school | 


children to stay sober. The col- 
lecting of blotters, an everyday 
method of publicity used by a 
multitude of French firms, is a 
favorite with many French 
school children. 


Signs on public transport an, 


Nicles incite citizens to “sobri- | 
ety,” while government organ- 
ized displays of French achieve- 
ments in engineering, . sports, 
industrial design, an ’ building 


| by alcoholism, 


on 


are accompanied 
| that all progress threatened 
“a scourge 
‘one of . the greatest 

threatening our country.” 


] ) y , 


iS 


warnings 


evils 


The government also has for- 
bidden wine to be served in 
state schools, where a 1951 order 
indicated -it was to be given 
undiluted to all children. It 
seems as if the dangers of alco- 
holism are percolating at 


es oe oe oe 


last 


Caribbean Future 
Tied to Self-Rule 


By Reuters 
Kingston, Jamaica 
Leaders of the proposed Carib- 
bean Federation have recom- 
mended the “highest degree of 
self-government” for its mem- 


bers to help the federation suc-- 


‘ceed in its bid to achieve do- 
minion status in five vears. 
The standing federation com- 


/ mittee also accepted a resolution | 


by Eric Gairy, the Grenda dele- 
gate, asking for constitutional 
advance for all backward terri- 


will ke forwarded to the British 
Government. 

Most delegates are leaving for 
home as the conference working 
out a constitution for the islands 
has closed down until April. 

The committee then will meet 
in Trinidad to discuss outstand- 
ing matters, including ministers’ | 
salaries in the new federal gov-| 


‘tackling the problem at its be- 
'ginning, believing that the chil- 


tories of the federation; which 


through the public mind and 
effacing the previous belief that | 
any measures to consume 
France’s enormous annual wine 
production were justified. 

The costs of France’s over in- 
dulgence are mounting to a ter- 
rific total. About 1,320 million 
gallons of ordinary wine—are 
consumed annually. in- France, 
and it tis estimated that two 
million men and some 300,000 
women drink more than 3% 
pints daily. 

The other side of this startling 
picture is the tremendous outlay 
alcoholism costing the state 
More than 600 alcoholic mental 
patients are admitted to French 
hospitals each month. Child care 
and readaptation, hospitals, pris- 
ons, and other state services or 
institutions are showing in-| 
creasingly heavy costs, while the 
amount of production hours lost 
by accidents due to alcoholism 

also is mounting, as is the fa- | 
tality toll in road accidents due | 
to drinking. | 

The government is bent on 


is 


dren of France can be taught 
that alcoholic indulgence is hor- 
rible, costly, wrong, and un-/| 
healthy. 

The vote forbidding and pe- | 
nalizing the sale of wine and | 


spirits to young children is an| 


encouraging step in a campaign | 


that has to fight every inch of | 
‘the way not only against French | 


habits and customs, but also | 
| against. the powerful wine and 


ernment and arrangements for | spirits industry, which has just 


a future 
\ service. 


est Indies shipping | received a major defeat in the 
‘National Assembly. 


from the 


after 
British, 


Japan Plans to Rebuild 


} 
| biggest naval maneuvers since | 
the war, faster-than-sound mis- | 
siles capable of carrying atomic 
Beg jane are being fired from 

United States heavy. missile 
beth nae cruiser Boston. 

Cuts Trouble Italians 

In his address, General Nor- 
stad also referred to the possi- 
bility of reductions in NATO’s 
armed forces. He said that due 
to the provision of new 
certain reductions 
been made without sacrificing 
defensive _ strength. But he 
added, “Any further cut, how- 
ever skillfully and cautiously 
made, could unwittingly put in 
peril the structure on which our 
hopes and our faith are based.’ 

Here General Norstad touched 
upon a point which is at present 
exercizing Italian minds. British 
proposals to cut their NATO 
commitments in Germany have 
been received here with alarm. 
Italian military authorities have 
‘pointed out’ privately’ that--re- 
ductions which have already 
brought NATO’s divisions down 
original figure of 90, 
first to 65 and now to 30, have 
threatened the adequate defense 
of the Italian frontiers. 

There is a feeling here that 
Htaly has been-left-out-on a limb’ 
in constderations for the defense 
of Western Europe against So- 
+ viet aggression. This feelirty is 


arms, 
had already 


‘Been approved in any 


France Accepts Time Limit on Algeria 


By Volney D. Hurd 


Chiet of the Paris News Bureau of 
The Christian Science Monitor 


Paris 

Relieved that 
condemnation or investigation 
by the United Nations, the 
French nevertheless realistically 
face the fact that they have not 
way but 
rather merely. put on probation. 
“We have been given. six 
months to make good,” 


That being said, there is intense 
self-examination so as to have 
a solution for Algeria operating 
within six months. If not, as an- 
other paper put it, “The next 
time our friends will walk out 
on us.” 

France was not condemned: 
no investigation was asked, nor 
was the right of Algerian self- 
determination proclaimed. This 
constituted a success for France. 
Andre Francois-Poncet in the 
Figaro of Feb. 18 made the 
point that this success was due 
to methodical energy and hard 


for nothing,” he added, “and 
nonchalance, laissez faire, lack 
of preparation and improvisa- 
tion lead to castastrophe. 

The. former’ Ambassador to 
Germany thereby exposed one 
of the too-common— faults 
French Governments, namely 
Mollet government into both a 
race against time and eventual | 
rebel stalling in the hope of. a 


they escaped | 


, last-minute 


one | 
French newspaper headlined it. | 


‘past hasty 


face. But the 
ithe UN action have brought the 
1 WOLK.... "You. dont. get..sqmething.. 


of. 
| tween the’ new Algerian execu- 


change at a future UN meeting 
under circumstances more favor- 
able to them. 

The new political organization | 
waiting until a situation is upon 
them and expecting by , fast, 
improvisationg to 
wangle their way out. If the 


| UN test tast--week--did nothing} 


else than drive home this les- 
son underscored by*M.. Fran- 
cois-Poncet, it would be worth 
while. 

It should also be added that 
is not the French Foreign 
which is responsible for 
improvisations. It is 
only an instrument of the gov- 
ernment and a victim of the lat- 
ter’s frequent last-minute deci- 
sions. 

A key point in the Mollet pro- 
gram for Algeria has been free 
elections three months after a 
cease-fire. The 
would like to hold to this idea 
because of the need to save 
: circumstances of 


it 
Office 


for..Algeria..is still.a- wide-open + 
question. Car a single electoral | 
college provide protection for 
the minority of French origin’ 


‘What would be the limitation of | 


90wers vis-a-vis metropolitan : 
rance? What would be the re- 
lationship, of competence be- 


tive and that of Paris? 
M. Francois-Poncet, taking up 
‘these well-known "questions 


| Strengthened. now that Britain's » 


| decision seems to forebode fur- 
‘ther reductions of the defensive 
strength. 

This question of Britain’s uni- 
lateral action will be one of 


the chief subjects for discussion 


during General 
here. What the Italians want to 
know how can one member 
of NATO adopt a new military 
policy. which seems to be in con- 
flict with that of the supreme 
commander. The Italians main- 
tain that such decision should 
only be taken in full consultation 
with all other member nations 
and only with their general ap- 
proval. 


Norstad’s visit 


is 


Unity Stressed 

As a leading military com- 
mentator, Gen. Vincenzo Petitti 
put it: “The Allied armed forces 
ought to be an integrated West- 
ern force adopting only one line 
of action to the determination of. 
which all members of alliance 
must be in agreement.” j 

General Norstad, who just ar- | 
‘rived here direct from London 
consultations with the! 

is expected to be able 
to calm some of these Italian 


apprehensions. 


Part of Imperial Palace 
By the Associated Press 

Tokyo | 

A section of the Imperial Pal- 
ace damaged during World War | 
II is to be rebuilt to provide 
quarters for important foreign | 
isitors. King Saud of Saudi | 


abia and the Shah of Iran are | 


expected this year. 


Communists 
In South India Election 


By Reuters 


Trivandrum, India 
Communist Party 
making a strong bid for power 
in the new south Indian state 
of Kerala, whose elections begin 
on Feb. 28. 

Voting in the Indian general 
elections will begin Feb. 24 and 


continue in various places until 
March 14, 


India’s is 


If the Communists succeed in| 


Kerala, it will be the first time 
that Prime Minister Jawaharlal 
Nehru has been confronted by a 
Communist state government in 
India. 


its’state border lines. 

Local political observers say 
the reshuffle may have set up a/ 
Communist stronghold, 

It is virtually Iimpo§sible to 
forecast the election result ex- 


‘cept to say that neither the 
,Communists nor Mr. 
Congress Party is likely to win) 
an over-all majority, leaving the | 


Nehru’s 


balance of power with smaller 
parties. : 


Forecasts here give the Con-| number nearly one million, are | war.’ 


| Feb. 


Threaten | 


i 


28 and March 11 te elect 
a 126-member state assembly 
and 18 members of the central 
parliament. 

They include Hindus, 
lems, and Christians. 

Most political observers agree 
that results announced in the 
first constituencies to go to the 
polis will strongly influence vot- 
ing in those which go later, 

If results in the first areas 
show any tendency toward 
Communist or Congress land- 
slide, then the rest of Kerala 


Mos- 


_will go the same way, local ex-| 


: | perts say. 
Kerala was formed last No- | 


vember when India reshuffied | 


Votes cast by Kerala’ s Chris- 


tian community—the Jargest’ im 


India—will have a considerable | 
| influence. About one million vot- | 
ers are RomaneCatholics. Spe- | 
‘cific directives not to vote for | 
atheistic Communist candidates | 


have been read in Roman Cath-| 
-olic churches all over India. 
local elections in parts of Ke-| 


But 


rala showed recently that many. 
Roman Catholics did vote Com- |‘ 


_munist. 


Most Moslem voters, who 


gress Party and the Commu-/| expected to vote for Moslem 


nists each about one-third of 
the votes, with Congress having 
a slight edge. 

Just over seven and a half 
million Kerala voters will go to 
the polls on six days between 


League candidates, whose plat- 
form is. protection of Moslem 
rights. 

Hindus form the majority of 


| difficult they 


government | 


dropped -anchor 
River basin, 


lalong with others, showed how 
all are and con- | 
cluded that they would seem to 
lead to a revision of the French ‘ 


Constitution. For proper han- 
dling of overseas territories in 
an era where the whole world 
tendency is toward increased 
mdependence, 


public for France. 
Some groups feel federaliza- 
| tion would lead to secession 
This would obviously 


the need would’ 
_seem to be toward a,federal re- 


depend " , 


upon how well 
not improvised—such a federale 
ization of the French Republie— 
proved to be. 

In the end, instead of France 
changing North Africa it may 


well turn out that North Africa . 


will have changed France—by 


worked out—<. ~~ 


pressures’ changing “the present ™ 


conditions and giving an 
pulse for a freer and more 
supple relationship between the 


mother country and its overseas 
territories. 


British Queen and Duke - 


Reunited 


in Portugal 


By Reuters 


Lisbon 

Three thousand rockets 
screamed into the air over Lis- 
bon as Britain’s Queen Elizabeth 
and her husband, the Duke of 
Edinburgh, arrived to begin a 
four-day. state.visit-in-Portugal. 

The Lisbon water front was 
packed with cheering welcomers 
as the royal yacht 
in 


Britannia 
the Tagus 


The roar of the rockets, 21- 


‘gun salutes, and.marches-played 


by brass bands mingled with the 
hooting of ship sirens as the 
Britannia steamed slowly up the 
river along the 10-mile water 
front to the basin at the center 

‘of the city. 

In a spring-like morning, a 
slight wind ruffled red and green 
Portuguese flags and British ban- 
ners which street flag sellers 
distributed. 

The Queen and Duke, reunited 
on Feb. 16 after his four-month- 
long Commonwealth tour, sailed 
from the fishing port of Setubal! 
at dawn. ; 

They spent the weekend 
board the Britannia anchored 
off Setubal. They came ashore 
only briefly for lunch with the 
Duke of Palmela, former Portu- 
guese Ambassador in London. 

Rain and gales, which played 
havoc with Lisbon’s decorations 
during the weekend, moderated 
Feb. 18, permitting the Britannia 


on 


British Navy Vice-Chief 
Warns of Soviet Subs 


By the Associated Press 
Belfast, Northern Ireland 
Admiral Sir William Davis 
says Britain is faced “with the 
formidable threat” of more than 


475 Soviet submarines. 


He described the Soviet chal- 
lenge to this island nation as 
‘greater than the peak threat at 
the height of the German sub- 
marine campaign in the last 


Admiral Davis, Vice-Chief of 
the British Naval Staff, empha- 
sized the need for “adeq ate 
numbers” of antisubmarine ves- 
sels, aircraft, and other devices | 


1 (D) 
ithe. preparedness 


to make 
as planned. 

Workmen repaired damage 
caused by the weather to the 
huge golden banners bearing the 


decorations, 
route, el si : 
Citizens without flags hung 
gaily colored silk bedspreads 
from windows.of the pink. and. 
cinnamon buildings of Lisbon. 
Many. cafés 
night, 


lining 


‘im= ~ 


the trip up the Tagus * - 


— 


JA ONAL LEOSI,. £ay. flags, and other << 
the parade © 


_— 


stayed open all = 
packed to the doors with 


cheery crowds singing and dance ~ 


ing to the music of guitars and cf 


econcertinas. 


Lord Hore-Belisha 
By Reuters 


Reims, France 

Lord Hore-Belisha, who passed 
on here Feb. 16, was a former 
British war minister who ate 
tempted to streamline the Army 
before World War II. 

Named Secretary of State for 
War in May, 1937, by Prime 
Minister Neville Chamberlain, 
he carried out a “clean sweep” 
of the War Office and advocated 
many reforms which prepared 
the Army for eventual wartime 
mobilization. — 


Wilson, Brucker Face 
Tank-Production Quiz 


By the Associated Press 
Washington 
A senate report says that 


while modern tanks are a highe 
priority 


defense item, no funds” 


* 
. 


- 
a 


al 


lo. buy them have. been asked.of.... 


congress for the past three years, 

Senator Lyndon B. Johnson 
of Texas, as chairman of 
investigating 
subcommittee, said that “contin- 
uity of tank production is in 
jeopardy.” 

The report said that the Army, *’ 
instead of getting new appro- 
priations to buy tanks, has 
scraped around for unspent 
funds to make tank purchases on 
a hit-and-miss basis. 

Both Secretary of Defense 
Charles E. Wiison and Secretary 
of the Army Wilber M. Brucker 
were requested to supply the 
Senate watchdog group with de- 


tailed reasons and expianations **t 


voters, but are divided by caste| to “match up to the submarine for these decisions or lack of 


joyalties. 
» 


threat.” 


‘ action. 


¥ 


% 


: 
er 


Pee tee Padre Meade No 


eC he Sat 
any ig pgigey A 


er sr mi a SES ep oe eae Na AL A aR RN 


- THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE f MONITO : = 


; me ee a a0 sa mainte 


7 


ohare Ward's 
“Unity 3 the™ 


nae | 


lecture on | 
Free’ ‘World;” 


fitorium, “Passachusetts In-| 
tute of Technology, on Feb. 
8. under the sponsorship of the 


forid Affairs 


Council, 


and 


orded by WGBH-F™M at that 


ime, will 
VGBH-FM. Tuesda 


Miss Ward is visi 


be broadcast over 


y at 9:30 p.m. 
iting lecturer 


government at Harvard, and 
member of the editoria) staff 


Economist. 


She: 


formerly a.director.of the 


BBC, a trustee of 

nd a member of 
the Royal Instit 
tional Affairs. 


the Old Vic, 
the Council 
ute of Inter- 


Three other lectures by Miss. 


Ward, entitled 


ct on a Changing World,” are | 


ng delivered at 
’ 


es. 


a 


Littaur Cen- 


“America’s lm-. 


broadcast them on March 4, 18, 
and 25 at 9:30 p.m. 

Sa 
“A teleplay” based on ‘aeor’ 
mance and a ae of Sir Win- 
o— orernmg * ts, will be | 


vision adaptation ‘was made. 
from Anita Leslie's biography, 
“The Remarkable Mr. Jerome,” 
by Helen Hanff. 


lb aE sh" WR as 


Jane Wyman, hostess of the 
“Jane Wyman Show,” will star 
in a drama called “Farmer's 
Wife,”.Tuesday...at.9.p.m,...on 
‘Channels 4 and 10. Miss Wyman 
plays the role of Tita, a house- 
keeper in the home of a| 
widower, played by John Deh-- 
ner, and his young daughter, | 
played by Beverly Washbatrn. 

| AP 


Charles E. Downe of the Mas- 


sachusetts Department of Com- | 
arvard, on Feb. 11, 18 and | merce and deputy commissioner, | 
» asa Harvard public lecture |division of planning, 
GBH-FM will record | Mass., 
lectures in progress and ‘of a panel discussion on “Have | hour. 


Boston, 


will serve as moderator 


{will be telecast on NBC-TV’s 


the Zoning Laws Been Abused?” 
Tuesda gi i ta o'clock on 
| hanna! 
ane cing 0 ethas te rede tod 
yers from Massachusetts, Loring 
~P, Jordan; of the firm: of Racke- | we knew 
an rh i oni Rollins, town say is. 
| counsel, Brookline. New Hamp- | 
, shire panelists will be J, Fran- 
cis Roche, city solicitor of Man- 
> chester, and Thomas E. Flynn, 
a) my solicitor of Portsmouth. 


b--0 -# 


“The Trial of Poznan,” a true 
dramatization, by Alvin Boretz, 
of the famous trial held in Poz- 
nan, Poland, in September, 1956, 


By the Associated Press 
‘Mass. 


vit tha 


‘dying, b 
make its justice quickly avail- 
able to these who seek it.” 
He s 
annual 
midwinter meeting of 


” 


tien. 


“Circle “Theater” Tuesday at | ence,” Justice ~Hughes 
9:30 p.m. on Channels 4 and 10. | 
Leading roles will be played by" 
‘Peter Cookson, Hurd Hatfield, 


vand Bert Freed. 


‘Thirsty Radiators Guip Galtons , 
At a road speed of 60 m. oo 

approximately 3,000 gallons o 

| water are circulated through the 4 

|average automobile radiator each | 


bunal for the 


yet devised.” 


| Termed Outdated 


, New. Jersey, Supreme. Court... 
: Justice Richard J. Hughes said 
here. a nese, es 


hal the oxen 
of the machitiery of the law to 


ke Saturday at the 
nquet concluding the 
the 
Massachusetts Bar Associa- 


“It. is not a distrust of juries 
which threatens your exist- 
said, 
“but the urgency and expan- 
sien of modern Htigation with 
which courts not quite so 
modern are attempting to deal. 


“Twelve ordinary men and 
‘of qualifications and 


integrity sitting together in a 
jury box form the best tri- 
administration 
of justice that civilization has 


By Richard L. England 


Stag Writer ae 
Science M 


Fae uy Pr 
soianen “tre easy tee ee : 
ev “< oe 
- a BP Tes he BE oe ee - HU Ae : 2 my be 
my > ¥ na , = ‘a y ; ™ 4 
n j ; . . 4 
aa at 2 - 
\ : xf : fei 
4 
A’ ‘ J; 
- t 
—s . ae » , 
- 
» : . ¥ 
ys ? ‘ oe 
| t ~ 
- 


ot... the... federal | 


‘program owas suspended - 

furtherance of President — years ago. 

~~; hower’s policy to defer federal.....Private. investors- reportedly: 
i} Cerne wherever possible have been reluctant to tie up 


‘for a return of only 4 per cent, 
despite assurances by the. gov- 
ernment that the investment was 
as safe as government bonds and 
had a higher yield. 

A public body like Boston, 
however, has something more 
than profit as a motive and 
could get financing for less than 
4 per cent. 

City Awaits Go Signal 

A--bill to permit the City of 
Boston to borrow 50 million dol- 
lars outside the débt limit to 
build both the federal building 
and the long-awaited new city 


eater in a a ve bone 9 <i Sheentiaiiy, Merce this was 
‘fice building near Scollay| the postponement of a program 
| Saget. that was not getting anywhere 
Pressure is being applied to anyway. Only one contract had | 
- Massachusetts congressmen to been let since the legislation 
make Boston an exception to was approved by the President 
the announcement last week of in 1954—a  2-million-dollar 
Franklin G. ° Floete, General| post office and courthouse in 
Services Administrator, postpon- Rock Island, Il. 
ing the Jease-purchase program... Another 97 ‘buildings; includ- 
_ The General Services Admin- ing that proposed for Boston, 
istration had been authorized to: yaq peen approved, but none 
‘spend 28 million dollars On &| had reached the contract stage. 
inew...federal ..office..building. .in Bids were rejected by the gov- 
| Boston. The money would not be | ernment last month on federal 
|spent all at once, but over the | phuijldings for six cities and. no 
‘period of the lease-purchase | bids were received on two 
agreement which the government | others. 


would negotiate. Although it was not men-| 
Program Appeared Stalled | tioned by Mr. Floete in his an- 
Boston civic and business | nouncement of the program's 
leaders, as well as Mayor Hynes, | suspension, (according to the 
are optimistic about chances for | Associated Press), the low 4 per 


Legislature. 

If this legislation is passed, in 
the opinion of Arthur J. Gart- 
land, chairman of the Mayor’s 
Citizens Committee on the Gov- 


RADIO-TV 


Radio Tonight 


1420ke 
WORO 1310ke 
WYDA 


“ERWIN D. CANHAM 
Editor of The Christian Science Monitor 
AND THE NEWS” 
Sundey 10: 00 wise’ “iin E.S.T. 


wI0r 1230ke 
Hoehe 1450be 


1 


by Boston Children’s Theater—Ch. 2. 
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Dialer’s Guide: Tonight 
5:30—Playhouse: Tom Sawyer’s Saturday, performed 


6:45—Backgrounds: U.S. Children’s Bureau—Ch. 2; 


! 
8:30—Dorothy Kirsten; Howard Barlow's Orchestra | 
9:00—Twenty-One: Charles Van Doren—Ch. 4, 19. 
9:00—Blanche Thebom: Don Voorhees Or.—WNAC. 
North- 


§:05—Dr,. John Desmond, Commissioner of Educa- 
tion: Reminiscences on his “Most Unforget- 


9:30—Robert Montgomery Presents Barbara Barrie 
9:30—Starring the Editors: RRA D. Canham, edai- 
10:00—Studio One: The Hollywood Complex, star- 
Hungarian 


11:15—Ford Theater: Ringside Seat, starring Hugh 


the ..Boston .. building... going.|.cent. interest rate required..by-| 
through despite the deferral of | the government on these projects | 
construction nationwide. have been responsible for the.) 

Officially, the lease-purchase | program’s failure to fulfill the| 


ception to the suspension of the 
order. 
It is possible, of course, that 


“optimistic expectations of three} the” federet™ 


wmeasure:? their money "for 10" te" 25 "years bul 


hall. now. is. pending. before.the.. 


will 
‘stick to its intention to con- 
tinue the suspension as an anti-. 
inflationary move. If so, the 
iding=might*be~a longtime 
in coming, since no end is seen 
to the inflationary cyclé this 
year anyway. 

On the other hand, if the pro- 
gram was postponed partly be- 
cause of the 4 per cent interest 
limitation, the city could argue 
persuasively that its _ proposal 
could set a pattern to get the 
building. -pregram .: underway, 
either now or in the future. 

Key to this argument; of 
course, is passage of the legis- 
lation. permitting. the -city to 
borrow the 50 million dollars to 
build the federal building and 
city hall. 

The... city.hopes-.-to—-collect 
enough in “rent” from the gov- 
ernment—the amount by which 
the government would pay off 
construction ¢osts, interest and 


| Teal estate taxes on the building 
ernment Center, Boston could go | 


to the GSA and ask. for-an ex-' 


—to pay for both the federal 
building and the city hall, Thus 
it is reasoned, the city wal 


;end up paying: practically noth« 


ing for the new city hall 


Another Crisis—Another Year 


By Emilie Tavel 
Stef Writer of 
The Christian Science Monitor 

_. Jeremiah Smith, Jr.. was a 
Yankee’ lawyer with a steel- 
trap mind for figures “whose™ 
services to Hungary inthe 
.J920’s. are still remembered by: 

New Englanders today. 
Current efforts for Hungarians 
in this latest crisis bring to mind | 


| Dover, N.H., and passed on in|! United States Treasury Depart- 
|+1935. During two years of his | ment member of the Commis- 
life—1924-1996—he is credited | sion to Negotiate Peace in Paris, 
with doing more than any other | Jerry Smith was dispatched by 
single person. to_ rehabilitate.) the League of Nations in 1924 
Hungary’s finances. 'with a plan to lift Hungary out 
of economic chaos. The League 
. figured it would take five years. 
According..to. the reconstruc- 
tion project, the deficit antici- 
pated for the first fiscal year, 
1924-25, was £4,200,000. In six 
months Jerry Smith had bal- 
anced the budget and the year 


Budapest Bankrupt 


After World War I Hungary 
|was financially flat on its back, 


las flat as the United States 
—particularly for Bostonians—|was during the . depression. 


| the memory of one American! Some say flatter. 
_whose selfless contribution to| Between war and the ravages 
that land became part of Hun-/| of governmental extravagance, | 


TV Tonight 


Tuesday’s Programs 


8:30._.4,.10-—Stanley 
7. 1>--Arther Godfrey 


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9—Dorothy Kirsten 


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i. Necen Pultem ’ rt 


obert soptgomery | 


Har ge we Assignment 
10. eather 


gary’s recorded history. Budapest was bankrupt. | Surplus. 

Jerry Smith, son of a Harvard Having demonstrated his bril- | 

professor, was born in 1870 in! liance with figures in 1919 as a | Provided for a deficit of £2,- 
100,000. Instead there was a 
£3,400,000 surplus. 

From 1926-27, in spite of con- | 
siderably. reduced __taxes,....up 
popped the old surplus again, 
this time a record £5.200,000. 

That isn’t all. Of the 253,- 
800,000 gold kronen loan raised 
under, auspices of the League 
for reconstruction, less than 28 
per cent ever had to be used 
to cover budget deficits, All the 
balance was diverted into a pro- 
ductive investment. for the 
development of Hungary's 
economy. 

Lurking 


Capital Punishment 


_ In Bay State Debated 


State House Round-Up 


the federal plan is put into 
operation immediately the area 
may be lost as one of the state’s 
natural resources. 


A.majority of Massachusetts’ 
nine district attorneys 
agreed support 


today 


to legislation 


modestly behind 


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% 12—Burns and Allen 


9—News: Weather: 
10—Hollywood Movie 
12—Racket Sauad 
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7—Northwest Stampede 
4—America After Dark 
12—News and Prev ews 


providing for a referendum on 
whether capital punishment 
should be abolished in the Bay 
State, 

At a conference attended by 
six of the nine district attor- 


Pointing out that 
service conducted a two-year 
survey of the entire 3,700-mile 
i coast line from. Maine to.Mexico 
to determine how. much desir- 
able shore line still was free 


the park 


these ‘staggering accomplish- 
ments, which immediately won 
him worldwide recognition, was, 
of course, Jeremiah Smith. After 
a little over two years of having 
almost absolute economic pow- 


115 WEEI Ri 
: sk. 


M. Considine: 


Rec'ds Alan Darvy Show . 


News: Rod MacLeish 
é Jack Paar 


Show 


ers over the nation, Jerry had 


‘30 Helen Tre 
45 Our Gal Seamer.’ Easy Listening 


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Jim Pansullo show.. 
Jim Pansullo Show. 


‘00 This Is Nora Drake EN-WHAC 
18 Ma Perkins. 


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ee 
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Show— 
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with Leo E 

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with Leo Egan .. 


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Jim 


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45 Pat Buttram 


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pper Young Family 


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Leo Ega 


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1 
ews: 
745 Matinee; Sports. 


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Sports: Weather... 
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ivan Prescott Show .. 


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listtal’ Showcase - .~ 


Miisital 


*r’ andy... Putton bewts: 


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Jr 
Easy Listening 


Moore ‘ 
45 Chas. Collingwood One Man's Family 


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45 @. Lewis Show . Easy Listening 


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06. 

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asv Listenin 
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100 News: J Howard 
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News Comments : 
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WHDH, 850ke 


ews—On the half hour 
nd at 7 a.m., 8 @.m.. 


TONIGHT 
6:15 Binge Crosb 


"500 Two-Eight 
10:00 Decision 19 


e wkex 
6:45 Boston Ballroom. 


Date. 
57 


TUESDAY 
7:05 Ray Dorey ° 
%: 00 Ken and sill 
tine Evans. 
9:45 Ken and Carolyn 


10:00 Carnival of Music 


Bing Crosby 


12:05 os 
10:35 to M—Cloud Club 12:35 N.E. farm-Food. 


1 to 2 Show: live 
Two-Eight Date... 
Boston Ballroom 
Bing -Crosby. © 
oston Ballroom - 
Two-Eight Date 
eltics-New York 
to M—Cloud Club 


= op 
| 


TV Tuesday 


4—Horizons } 
Imanac: <Aeri- | 
Mews Weather} 
(simulcast). 7:25. | 
5. 


2 
10—Relizious: Farm Report | 
4. 10—-NBC nd NE Today | 
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7. 12—Captain Kangaroo 
Giant Movie Partv 
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4. 10—Home Show 
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6:00 2—French Through TV 

1—Navy Log 
"8 — News Sprrts ——— 

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a pnw Nage! oe 

2—Louis M. Lyons. news 

7 wile Bin Hickok 

10—Looney Tunes 

12—Neéews; Sports: Weather | 


ns one 
3 we 


Weather 
So ae Weather 
—Jim Bowie 
12—Dr. Hudson's Journal 
|j—Greatest Drama 
John Daly. new 
2—Spanish Throug n TV. 
4 10—Jonathan Winters 
% —~Name | Tune 
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4.10—NBC News 
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10—The Big Surprise 
7The Brothers 
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2—Music As A Language 
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27—Enelish for Hungarians 
4, 10—Jane Wyman Drama 
7,12—To lell the Truth 
10 E. Town Meeting 
} 4. 3 Circle Theater 
§—Roman Catholic Pem. 
4.10—Matinee Theater ‘. ‘Red Skelton Show 
7—Mr. and Mrs. North 9'The Frightened Witness 
9—Aftern’n Film Festival 
Hamiet, Part II 
12—-The Bic Pavoff 
7. 12~—Bob Crosby Show 
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7. 12The Briehter Dav 
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9—Cartoon fade 
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, 2—Mickev Mouse 


~The ’ Priendly Giant 
ah + RF. in Art 
$—Guest House 
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10—My Little Margie 
4—Bige Brother 
7, 12—Love of Life 
- 10--3¢t- Could .Be: You 3 
i. 12—Search for Tomor’w 
7.12—Guiding Light 
4—Holly wood Playhouse 
It's In The Bag-—film 
starring Jack enny 
Pred -Allen 
7—lIoulse Morgan 
10—Matinee Movie 
12—Douelas Fairbanks 
7. 12—As the World Turns 


Lae OU r.Miss. Brooke 
12—Trouble With Father 
5 10—Book of Books 
3 4. 16-—Tennessee Ernie 
7. 12—Art Linkletter 


2—News Roundup 

7. 12—$64.000 Question 
9—It's Polka Time 
4—Studio 57 

7—Dr. Hudson's Journal 
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160—Highway Patro! 


9— Weather: 5s 
4, 10. 12— Weather 
+e mith 


tage 9 

at Beat*~ 
aan Dollar Movie 
7—Film: Paper Orchid 
4—America After Dark 

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Concert and 
Education 


PM: xi 


Tonight 
WERS-FM, 88.9mc 
six O'Clock Extra. 

Today in Sports 


Twilight Serenade 
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» Evening Concert. 
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15— 


ds ‘mn’ Ends. 
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§:30—A Basic Record Library 
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05—U.S. Weather Bureau Report. 
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Negro on the Move—Examination 
= Ne Role of the Negro in Pres- 
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the Midwest-III. 
9:30—Edmund Burke and Ireland. 
6:30—Louis M. Lyo 
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WBUR-FM, 90.9me 
6: ae wertd and Local News. 
4 .; 


s in Boston. 
TiscLivine With Languages: 
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ind give guest, Mr. ‘Mordecat 
Welsenstern of Israel, a recent. 
raduate from MIT 
7: now. yself. 
$:00—WBUR Forum of the Air. 
$:00—Hockey—Boston University 
Northeastern. 


WXHR-FM, 96.9me 


per Garies p lzedo p Harp 


rd: drererertrts px 


Music of 


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Recital: 
1 tor msremehere 


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sa Commentary — Lawrence | 

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9.00— Mendelssohn: 


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Kodaly Psalmus 


minor 


*“Reformetion;” 
derella Ballet 


11:006—-Connoisseur's Concert 


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Tuesday 


Matinée Musicale. 
the Masters 


1 00— News 
3. 30——Music 


4 


6:'00—S ix 


0—Pon Concert’ 
5:00-—-The Magic 
5:15—Symphonic 


of 
Is Francs 
Reethoven 
dD Maior 


Juges 
Symphony 


News 
Mirror 
Gems: 
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Symphony No. | 
O'Clock Extra. 


6:10—Today In Sports 


6:15—Twilight 


7:15—Organ Recital: 


Serenade. 
peech Recital 


Organist, 


7:55—News, 


8 00— Meet 


&:30-—Boston Conservatory of Music. 
_ §:00—Light Opera Theater: 


/ 


’ 


| §:30—A 


Mande 
6:30—Louis M. Lyons. 
:: 50—Roundu 

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7: is—Tell" You 
7:3 


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Blossom Time. 
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10: 1$— Merely Music 


WGBH-FM, 89.7mc 
siunarrs ~~ 


Changing Earth. 
Wolfe, 


mental Music. 
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flat and 
Variations 


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news 


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omer ongy Hall, 


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cs.P homens 
Raplain. Bo Boston University. 
oi Ward Lecture. 


Hungaricus: | 
Bach “Violin” Concerto No. 


Symphony 
Prokofiev: 


Mozart 


Bred MacArthur 


Masters—Elsie Sears. 


Professor of Ge-| 
ology. Boston University. 
asic Record agora: Instru- |” 
rogram: 
Variations 
Bagatelles: 


of the British Weeklies, 


mt Harvard. , 
“ terse Saxe Anthology. 


Overture: 
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Unity of the Free World. 
corded February 
Auditorium, M.I.T.) 
the World 
10 :306—Louis 
16:45—Music From Canada. 
Alessandro 
Sn ae 


Dian Act 
Broadcasting Corporation). 


WBUR-FM, 90.9me 


2:00—Music by the Masters. 
55—News and Weather. 


ic 


and Features. 
30—Bookland with Betsv: 

Minors; 
30—Twilight Moods. 
00—News and Weather 
15—Spor ts. 
30—Music for 
:00—According 

rons of 


so--testen Public Library. 
No 
10—The Art World, E. J. 
45—Glimpses 
00.—Voices of Europe. (NAEB! 


with symphony orchestras. 
00—News and Weather 


WXHR-FM, 96.9me 


30— Brunetti: 


minor. 
7:00—News and Weather: 
denburg Concerto 
major: ) 
flat major: Ancient Prerch Music. | 
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Concerti, 
nento in F major: Haydn: March | 
or the Prince of Wales: 
Fourth 
Berenice Overtur 


phony in CC. 
lews Headlines: 
joveuse: 
—a 


SR Piano Concerto. 
12:00—News and Weather: Reauest and 


Night Piece Play Flute ‘and Strings: 
hg ye Cello Concerto. Op. 104 
min 
3: inci = <3 The Merry Widow 
ights) 
4:00—News and Weather: 
Fonteste-Petens ise: Cowell: 


. Sone reeset and 


(Re- | | 
8 at Kresge | 
‘Auspices of | 
Affairs Council. 
Lyons 


Rondo for Violin and Orchestra: 
Vaughan-W ame: Pantasia on @ 
i 


‘ws and Weather: A Mozart 
Recital by Lilli Krauss—Rondo in 
A. K. ! Sonata in B maior 7 
570: Sonata in A maior. K. 331 
Fantasy in D minor. K. a. 


| WCRB-AM, 1330ke; FM, 102.5mi¢" 


6:30—News; Commuters’ Concert-—— | 
Strauss Waltzes. Minneapolis 
Symphony 

7:30—News: Commuters’ 
Massenet: 


M. 
Program: 
Scariatti, Pastoraie 
inser Rameau, 
et (Canadian | 


Concert— | 
Le Cid: Moorish Rhap- 
sody; Butterworth: The Banks of 
Green Willow: Haydn: L'Isola 
Disabitata: Overture 

8 00—News Commuters’ 
Messager Les Deux Pigeons 
Strauss: Salome: Dance rehai- 
kovsky: Valse Melancolique: Al- 
béniz: Sevilla: Overture 

9: 00—News—Curtain Time—Robinson 
Sandhog iVa' 

9: 30—Classical Ca pers—Listz Hun- 
garian Rhapsody No. 12: Chabier 
Gwendoline Overture Franck 
Symphonic Variations Rossini 
L'Inganno Felice Overture; 
Sandhog 

10:306—Morning Melodies 

11:00—News: Morning 
Walton: 
bussy 
agua at: 


News, Weather, Sports 
Music fo: 


Animal Tales 
Concert— 
Dining 


to the 
February 10 


Record 


> 


} Productions 
Ww 
le and 


Cooper 


of peop song 


Symphony—Musica visits 


Concert Bach- 
The Wise Virgins: De- 
Sacred and Profane 
Mozart: Flute Concerto 


in 
12 OR & Midday Features 
1:00—News: Afternoon at Symphony 
Milhaud: Suite Provencale; Lue- 
: Cantata. “Gott Wie Dein 
Bach: Orchestral Suite 


No. 1 
2:86-—-Chopin: ‘Cello Sonata in G minor: 
Proxofiefl: Alexander Nevsky, 
Haydn: 
|: Concerto Grosso. Op. De. 8. | 
5:00—Commuters’ Concert: iineud: 
Srmeene No. 4 for Strings: Bar- | 
. UP. 


ee Concerto Grosso in D. O 
No. 10: Academic 


Symphony No. 33 in C 


Bach: a6 
No. 2 F 
Cherubini: Quartet > E 
Manfredini: 2 
Op. 3: Haydn: Diverti- 
Haydn: 
Handel: | 


e. 
ines; Poulenc: Ballet | 
a Rangstroem: Sym- | 

; 


London Trio; 


habrier: Marche | 
Mozart: Bastien und | 


Pastorale dad Ete: 


Brahms: 


— No. 5 in At Wolf-Ferrari: 

of Suzanne: Overture. 
" Candlelight Serenade: Mo- 

rt: German Dances. 
7:00—Musie Quiz. 

7:30—Folk Son 

| §:00—News: 
Locate)li: 


Foote: A 


(High- 


Paderewski: 
Sym- | 


_ : 
for | 
Thert: Concerto for Flute 

pehastre 

: Bs from Tivoli: 


wa icus . 


ss 

vening at Symphony: 

Elegiac Symphony; Mo- 
scien 34 im («C; 


' Concerto No. 3: 


cs 


Holiday reas meort: 
French Suite No. 1 in D minor; 


Bella 24. 
r tn —Beethoven: Violin Sonata No. 9. 
: Brahms: Quar-— 

tet to Zin A minor. 


4—Arch Macdonald, news | 
| bill calling for a study of the | 


i neys in Attorney Genera! 
'George Fingold’s office, five of 
the district attorneys favored 


| the proposed legislation...but. at. 


the 
view 


the 
punishment 


same time expressed 
that capital 


| should remain on the Massa- 


| chusetts statute books. 
However, District Attorney 

| James L. O'Dea, Jr., of Middle- 

sex County, instead ‘fav ored one | 


present capital punishment law | 
and another for the study of 
abolition of capital _ punish- 
ment, ° 

The other district attorneys 
were unanimously opposed to 


Foatival Overture: Durante: Con- | 


abolition and to a bill providing | 
_for suspension of capital pun- | 


ishment for a five- 7 experi- | 
“mental period. 
Capital punishment is manda- | 


tory in convictions -for first 
degree murder in Massachusetts 
unless the jury recommends 
life imprisonment. 


Educational-TV Plan 
Draws Pros and Cons 
Several 
educational 
legislators 


measure 
setts Cities 


representatives 
organizations 


of 


‘and towns to con- 


tribute to the financing of edu- | 


cational television programs. 
However, Msgr. Timothy F. 
0” Leary, superintendent of 


: schools of the Roman. Catholic i 


“Archdiocese of Boston, opposed 
| the legislation because it limited 
| Participation to public elemen- 
itary and high schools although 


ihe said the objective of the | 


measure is “praiseworthy.” 

Mrs. Grace C. Whitmore, 
member of the Newton School 
Committee, recorded the Mas- 
sachusetts Association-of School 
Committees in favor of the bill. 
She said it would cost commu- 
nities no more than $1 a pupil 
|for a school year to bring the 
benefits of educational television 
to the pupils. 

James D. McCarthy, president 
of the Cambridge Teachers 
Club, said the cost would be 
minute if approximately 100 


communities within the range of | 


Channel 2 were included. 
The Massachusetts 
Association favored the measure. 
Representative John R. Sen- 
nott, Jr. (D) of Cambridge, 
proposed that the _ legislation 
provide for a trusteeship includ- 
ing representatives of private 
and diocesan school system 
members 
participate but have a say in the 
management as well.” 


Resources Director 
‘Backs Cape Cod Park 


| A federal proposal to develop 
| Cape Cod’s Great Beach, a 33- 


miles shore line at Province- | 
este today 


‘town, as a national 
| received the solid acking of 
‘Francis W. Sargent, 
sioner of Natural Resources. 

The plan, outlined in a Na- 
tional Park Service report some 
time ago, has produced contro- 
versy on Cape Cod: 

As a result Mr. Sargent wrote 

a letter-to the editor of the Cape 
| Codder, a weekly newspaper at 
-Orleans expressing his views 
as requested by the paper. 

The commissioner said that 
/while as a Cape Cod resident he 
understands the feelings of per- 
| Sons opposed to the Great aac | 
park plan, he fears that unless . 


fa vored today a 
pérmit Massachu- | 


Teachers | 


“so they cannot only | 


from commercial and private 
development, Mr. Sargent said 
only 640 miles were found to be 
undeveloped and suitable for 
conservation. 


finished his job, minus fanfare 
of any sort, and was back at 
his desk in Boston—the Smith 


ley & Ketchum. 


From the moment he rolled 
‘into Budapest until the day he 
quietly left, Jeremiah astonished 
the formality-loving Hungarians 
of Admiral Horthy’s regency. 


Salary Refused 
Like George Bernard Shaw’s 
Henry Higgins in “My Fair 
Lady,” 
man” who wasn’t about to “let | 
a woman in his life.” Although | 


Retired-Teacher Use 
In Shortage Debated 


Use of retired teachers to help 
solve the growingly acute short- | 
,age of substitute teachers w as | 
urged today before the _ legisla- 
itive committee on pensions and 
| old-age assistance. 

Legislators and teacher 
resentatives pointed out that 
‘retired teachers now are not 
|permitted to serve as substitute 
teachers becatise vf the erect bi 
their: pensions. 

Under the pending legislation 
such teachers could serve for 
limited periods and earn up to 
$1,000 a year in substitute work 
without affecting their pensions. 


rep- 


and engaging bachelor; he man-| 
‘aged to remain unengaged and | 
‘consistently sought the simple | 
life. 

Offered the Royal Palace in 
Budapest as his quarters, he 
politely declined. Incredulous, 
the hospitable Hungarians urged 
him at least to accept accom- 


fo 
wound up with a £3,400,000 |“dollar-a-year man,” he turned 


‘no salary, 
going to work blue-penciling 
other people’s salaries you can't 


_of Herrick, Smith, Donald, Far-. 
sortium, 


|about Hungarian refugees 


Jerry was.a “quiet living | 


a delightfully witty, humorous, | 


tal, 


N.E. Remembers ‘Son’ in Hungary 


modations in the great Duna- 
polata Hotel. 

But just as Jeremiah pre- 
ferred Cambridge to Boston as 
a residence, he crossed the Dan- 
ube, settled into two rooms in 
an unpretentious hostelry on the 
teft- bank” and’ doggedity went’ to 
work, 

What really rocked the capi- 
though—and the rest of the 
world—was his refusal to take 
a cent for his unremitting ef- 

rts. The precursor of the 


down what was estimated to be 


For the second year, the plan | | a $100,000 salary from the Hun- 


| garian Government for his serve 
ices. 

He told the press, “I stipu- 
lated at the start\I. would take 
for when you aré 


very well take a big one your- 
self.” 

Determined to show its grati- 
tude, the Hungarians set\up a 
scholarship with the money to 
bring Hungarian students. to 
America for study. 

Served in Army 

Farlier: in his life, as captain 
in the Quartermaster Corps of 
the American Expeditionary 
Forces, Jeremiah had _ turned 
down a higher rank because he 
figured he had all the authority 
he needed. 

In 1927 he took a seat on the 
League of Nations financial 
committee, Called to Washing- 
ton On many occasions, he gave 
counsel on the Chinese Con-. 
on debt settlement 
with Mexico, and on certain 
large European loans. 

But of the millions of Ameri- 
cans who today are concerned 
, only 
a handful remember the Phillips 
Exeter boy, the Harvard man, 
the grandson of a New Hamp- 
shire Governor, named Jeremiah 
Smith,Jr.. 

That’s precisely the way 
Jerry would have wanted it,* 
for if there was one thing he 
could not abide it was notoriety, 

When named a member of. the. 
Harvard Corporation. (about the 
biggest thing that happens to a 
Harvard man), he never men- 
tioned it to -his -sister, with 
whom he lived. “I knew she 


would see it in the papers,” he 


commented dryly. 


. and. 


the most of their golden years. 


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Qn February 28 The Christian Science Monitor will 
present a unique tabloid supplement, “GOLDEN AGE.” 
This will be a whole section devoted to the opportunities of 
our senior citizens. It will discuss security programs, pen- 
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‘a me * hey eee oe pean’ _ ee cen! Sie Bie nee 
Fe ts a 7i-9 {a 4 - 


= Face Pees 


> |. 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR 


x < a 
- - 
m) é a >< ry 


_My Uncles Wrot e Each: Month - 


ye Shi, ii ssh: Tse wine. 


with electric trains, enduring cornet les- 
gons, and riding a balloon-tired bicycle, 
the postman would drop a special letter 
in our mailbox about the first of every 
month. It was always addressed to my 
father and bore a State of Maine post- 
mark. It was from his two bachelor 
brothers, whose farm crowded. hard 
against the Main Street of a little town 
high up in the Pine Tree State. 
Invariably the letter would begin: ‘It 
cost Earl and me (Bert) $3.16 to live 
this month.”.Then it would..go. onto tell 
what was happening up at the farm, what. 
neighbors were experiencing woodchuck 
troubles around their place, and how last 
Saturday night’s bean supper at the com- 
munity house was even better than it had 
been the week before. But it was that 
$3.16 that always interested me. It just 
seemed that my father’s two brothers 
never spent any money. But before we 
go any further into that I would like to 
tell you something about their farm. 
They bought it a few years prior: to 
World War II for $500. The house con- 
sisted of seven large rooms, including an 
upstairs, and a front porch which 
stretched the length of the house. There 
were screens to fit the porch, too, There 
was also a good-sized barn attached, plus 
a chicken coop and a garage that re- 
- sembled the Leaning Tower of Pisa. How- 
ever, the garage leaned in only one di- 
rection at a time, depending upon which 
way the wind was blowing; and after my 
uncles drove some wooden stakes down 
~glong the sides; it hardiy leaned at all. 


ee ee 


It was as neat a five acres as you ever 
saw, including two excellent wells and 
a wood lot. The house had no plumbing 
or.electricity, but it was in fairly. good 
repair. Crickets sang outside the door 
from early evening until you went to 
sleep, and except for an occasional dog 
barking there wasn’t much to break the 
silence. 

This homey little place stood between 
@ rural schoolhouse on one side and a 
kind -of church meetinghouse. on_ the 
other. The school took care of students 


Blacksmith, W hatesmiath 


Snowflakes on a W nok’ winter night 

Fiy like sparks away from the street light 

. The way the sparks flew in the blacksmith 

snop 
the 

stop. 

He forged an iron-hinge, and then he 

Ground it on a wheel of emery 

And sparks of gold shot into air; a spray 

Of goldén sparks fell on his apron’s gray 

And on the stone floor. 

I can see them: each a meteor, 

A crowd of golden comets in the air, 

A bar of iron tossing golden flakes 

_Away from something that a blacksmith 

makes. 
And so I think, when sparks of snow fly, 
The whitesmith Winter has a shop nearby. 


Before blacksmith made the wheel 


ELIZABETH JANE ASTLEY 


A Discussion 
Group Leader 
from Vermont 


writes: 


“I cannot tell you what deep sat- 


isfaction | have found in The 


Christian Science Monitor. “1 have 
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not wish to give up, 80 1 am en- 
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scription.” 


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tree world 


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MONITOR 


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One Norway Street, Boston.15, Mass. 


Enclosed find check or money order to 
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[} 1 ye. $16 [7] 6 mos, $8 [) 3 mos. $4 


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163-4-Strand, London, W.C.2 HOM 215 


from 


x 


between. the, first..and..sixth grade, and” 
if the teacher had known about that 
$3.16, I am sure she would have invited 
my uncles in for a session on political 
economy or whatever they call such 
things in Maine. 

At any rate, always on the last day 
of schoo] each year a truck would dump 
a huge load of cordwood on the front 
lawn and the. students would pile it into 


a nearby woodshed. They didn’t mind the 


work because they knew those pieces of 
timber would be keeping them warm 
through the coming’ fall and’ winter. But 
once the wood -was neatly stacked the 
children shook hands with their teacher 
one by one, saluted the flag, and trotted 
off home. 

To get back to that $3.16—Bert and 
Earl weren't kidding about that figure. 
Actually, that was all it had cost them 
to live that month. Usually Earl got him- 
self a deer within the first few, days.of. 
the hunting season; and even if you don’t 
eat anything but deer meat, it still lasts 
a long. time. They always had a big gar- 
den, and what they didn’t sell they 
canned. They grew everything from 
melons to winter squash, and there were 
also a few fruit trees on the place. 

The neighbors across the street provided 
them with all the milk, eggs and butter 
they could eat,.and. Bert and. Earl never 
returned an eggbox without sending a 
jar of jam or jelly along with it. They 
wasted nothing. 

That $3.16 had gone to buy staples like 
sugar, salt, and coffee. My uncles never 
bothered with electricity, and with only a 
wood fire to feed (from your own wood- 
tot); costs were paréd not only to the 
bone, but to the marrow. Taxes on the 
house ran about $22 a year. 


| oe ee 


Bert and Earl both worked for the town 
during the winter. In fact, they got to 
know the inside of a sand truck quite 
well. In the summer there were two or 
three boys’ camps nearby where odd jobs 
were nearly always available.It-wasn’'t 
anything which would have satisfied me, 
but they seemed -to like it; 

After a while Bert decided he’d like to 
see what Florida looked like, so he left— 
but not before he sold his car. It was 
a 1931 Ford with a rumble seat, and 
with a good deal of juggling it could be 
crammed inte—that Tower of 
Pisa..without so scratching a 
fender, 

Bert let it be 


Leaning 
much’ as 


known in that casual way 
of his at the meetinghouse one 
night that his little black Ford was 
for sale, and the next day the place was 
swarming with customers. A Mr. Frost 
up the road bought the buggy for $500 
and-ahowed- that he had struck quite a 
bargain. 

Séeing Mr. Frost with $500 in cash 
proved quite a surprise-to the rest of the 
crowd, wha, had long been of the opin- 
ion that Mr. Frost’s talents were directed 


Satur- 
aay 


“more along the lines of acquiring hogs 


and cows—not money. 
Earl could live 
should not Mr. 


Still, if Bert and 
a month on $3.16, why 
Frost be able to save! 

oe ae 

time he got the ear turned 
and headed down the driveway, 
Mr. Frost looked exactly like a man in 
one of those Cadillac ads you. see in 
the newspapers,. Satisfaction was spread 
all over his face. That Ford’ didn’t have 
any fishtails on back, ‘but then no Cadillac 
ever had a shinier ornament gracing its 
radiater cap. It -was-one -ef-those-chrome- 
plated Indians. (acquired at.great-expense 
one of the popular mail order 


By the 
around 


a 


Record of Robert Frost 


Always the voice, obliging, generous, 
No matter how often needled into speech. 
Always the lines like new, magnanimous, 
Better than written, more complete’ and 
rich. 
Sound has become the whole embodiment, 
Essence of person, skillfully distilled 
So that a poet can be wrapped and sent 
Far from his mountain path, his tended 
field. 
His choice 
leaves, 


of star; his bird, his- several 


ceartainties and miiseivings. “ti all fairness.” 


Effectively packed. into microgrooves— 
The record of his flashes of awareness: 
A troubadour beloved throughout the 
land, 
Lodged in my 
command, 


cottage now, mine to 


Berry BRIDGMAN 


while) don’t have a car now, 


— 


Poe Ste 


By Courtesy of the Edwin Hewitt Gallery, New York 


A Winter Scene: A Painting in Oil and Casein by Byron Thomas, fe 
Woodstock, Vermont 


houses) and any youngster would have 
given a week’s supply of jelly beans just 
to touch it. 

My uncles (Bert came back after a 
but they 
do have electricity. It’s only in one room 
and the cost (to them) must seem high, 
but now they can read at night. The last 
time they got up into Augusta, Earl found 
a little bookshop that had some old 
Liberty magazines in the window. He 


ee es —— ooo 


bought them for Bert, who is sort of the 
reader of the family. This evidently 
pushed the budget over the $3.16 mark, 
because there was no letter from Maine 
that month. 

Any day now I’m expecting word that 
Bert and Earl have discovered the 
Saturday Evening Post and maybe even 
Life. At any rate, Mr. Frost is still driv- 
ing that Ford. 

PHIL ELDERKIN 


Picnic in a Vermont Summer 


— - - - -_—— ee 


THE ROAD came to an end in the middle 
of an open pasture. The top of ‘the hill 
was still a quarter of a mile away, off to 
the west. They got out of the car, and 
Noah took the two thermos bottles and the 
binoculars and Connie the brown paper 
bag, and; without bothering to say any- 
thing to each other, they started slowly 
toward. the. top, looking. -around~.at. the 
hills and sniffing the air. | 

It was the kind of day that came to 
Noah’s mind whenever one of the family 
asked, “‘What is so rare as a day in June?” 
although it was now late July—a spec- 
tacularly beautiful day, with a bright 
sun and sparklingly fresh air. The climb 
was an easy, gradual one, through a field 
dotted with cedars and wild raspberry 
bushes. The raspberries were dead ripe 
and warm in the sun, and they zigzagged 
along from bush to bush, picking only the 
ones that had turned deep crimson and 


popping them into their mouths. s 
“As they approached the top, the Green 


Mouritains gradually came into view 
ahead of them. They were sharply out- 


lined, deep blue and very near today, and 


beyond them, through an occasional gap, 
they could make out the dim, cloudlike 
outlines -of- Adirondack. peaks. 

And being here with Connie, here in 
this clean air on this fantastically lovely 
day, Noah began to feel alive for the 
first time in a*~month. It was a month in 
which he had learned that there is no 
more poignant experience in a man’s life 
than the experience of having nothing 
happen at all, this month that had passed 
since the afternoon when Natalie’s maid 
had driven him to the Island ferry. 

Still stopping now and then to eat 
berries, they went- on over the crest and 


down w Tittle way on the “other side and 


they sat on a low ledge of rock and opened 
the lunch. 

“It’s been a long time since I’ve seen 
you,” Noah said. He had driven in from 
Middlefield after midnight the night 
before, and Connie had had the lunch all 


put up before he. had finished. his break- 


Cultural Unity Among Scandinavians 


THE DANEs, and Swedes 
have inhabited their present territories 
since prehistoric times while the Ice- 
landers — emigrants from Norway — first 


Norwegians, 


started to colonize their remote island 
around the end of the 9th century. The 
foreign visitor will meet many tall, blond, 
blue-eyed men and women in these coun- 
tries, forming as they do the centre of 
the so-called Nordic stock of the European 
races. The Finns are typically even, more 
blond, but more squarely built than their 
Nordic cousins; they belong to the east 
Baltic race. An ethnographically very 
interesting small minority of people in 
the north of Sweden, Norway, and Fin- 
land are the Lapps; with their triangular 
faces, short statures, brown hair and eyes 
they form a race of their own. 


Danes, Norwegians, Icelanders, and 
Swedes all speak north-teutonic languages, 
related to the German and Anglo-Saxon 
tongues and derived from a common lan- 
guage, which was still spoken . about 
1000 A.D. These languages have since 
developed along slightly different paths 


but Danes, Swedes, and Norwegians still 


understand each other without much diffi- 
culty. Icelanders, because of their isolated 
geographical position, have retained a 
more conservative language which is not 
easily understood by the other Northern 
peoples, but many educated Icelanders 
command one or two of the other Northern 
tongues. Thus, the languages contribute 
to the formation of a cultural unity in 
the Northern countries... 

The Finns speak a language which is 


not related to any of the great European 
language groups, but it is somewhat akin 
to the Hungarian tongue. In prehistoric 
times, however, the Finnish coastal prov- 
inces were colonized by the Swedes—the 
Swedish-speaking group still; comprising 
some 10 per cent of the population of 
Finland. Moreover, Finland belonged to 
the Kingdom of Sweden for many hun- 
dred years up to 1809, and today forms 
part of the Northern sphere of culture. 
The Lapps speak an ancient Finnish 
tongue. ; 

Another important factor has been that 
of religion. Since just before or after the 
year 1000 A.D. the Northern countries 
have been. Christian. In the 16th century 
they all seceded from the Roman Catholic 
Church and embraced Lutheranism, which 
to this day remains the creed to which 


. the great majority of the peoples adhere. 
All in all, community of “race,” lan-. 


guage, and religion unquestionably plays 
a major part among the factors which 
bind the Northern peoples together. How- 
ever, the strength of these forces should 
not be overestimated. Especially would it 
be fallacious to draw the conclusion that 
a closer study would necessarily reveal 
close/similarities in customs, tastes, tem- 
perament, etc. Tell any representative of 
these peoples that there is no apparent 
difference between them, and the reaction 
will not be long in forthcoming.—From 
“Freedom and Welfare,” edited by Grorce 
R. NELSON, sponsored by the Ministries of 
Social Affairs of Denmark, Finland, Ice- 
land, Norway, Sweden. Copyright, 1953. 
Used by permission. 


fast at ten o’clock. She had not asked him 
if he wanted to go on a picnic; she had 
told him that she had put up a lunch 
and that it would be a lovely day on 
Randolph’s Hill. And later he had heard 
ner telling their mother and Mark that 
they were going on a picnic, and Noah 
had wondered if their feelings had been 


hurt that. she: hadn’t included: them. 


He poured milk from one of the 
thermos bottles into paper cups, and 
Connie gave him a sandwich and a 
deviled egg. ... 

The lake, below them there. at the foot 
of the long slope, was very blue’ today 
against the black-green of the conifers 
that rimmed it. Outside the rim, the 
newly mowed hayfields were tawny in the 
sunlight—From “The Wonderful Sibleys,” 
by WILLIAM Marer. Copyright, 1956, by 
William Maier. Charles Scribner’s Sons, 
New York. 


“to take on “God’s spiritual, 


Written for The Christian Science Monttor 


In THE Bible (Luke 19:1-9) is an 
account of the meeting between Christ 
Jesus and the rich publican, Zacchaeus. 
The narrative states that when Jesus 
was walking through Jericho, pressed 
on all sides by a crowd of people, 
Zacchaeus, being only a little man, ran 
ahead of the crowd and climbed up 


into a large tree so that he might see. 


the Master. Perhaps he hoped to see 
without being seen, but Luke relates: 
“When Jesus came to the place, he 
looked up, and saw him, afd said unto 
him, Zacchaeus, make haste, and come 
down; for to day I must abide at thy 
house. And he made haste, and came 
down, and received him joyfully.” 
Those who were acquainted with the 
publican’s dishonest and unjust prac- 
ticés voiced théir disapproval because 
Jesus was allowing himself to be. en- 
tertained in the house of a sinner. But 
Zacchaeus humbly and openly declared 
that if he had defrauded any man, he 
would give back with interest all he 
had taken. That the Master had faith 
in Zacchaeus’ integrity and ability to 
carry out his good resolutions is indi- 
cated by Jésiis’ words, “This day is 


salvation come to this house, forasmuch 


as he also is a son of Abraham.” 


Today, through the healing and re- 
generating influence of Christian Sci- 
ence, whose teachings are in accord 
with thé Bible, all who so desire may 
experience a spiritual awakening such 
as that which came to Zacchaeus and 
may entertain the Christ, Truth, This 
religion gives its students a practical 
understanding of God and of the 
Christ, whose divine nature and char- 


acter Jesus manifested in every detail 
of his daily life. 


"ee Ps ty 


The revelation of Christian Science 
came to Mary Baker Eddy, its Dis- 
coverer and Founder, through her un- 
tiring searching of the Scriptures and 
her constant spiritual communion with 
God. This divine revelation of the 
great spiritual truths of all real being 
Mrs. Eddy made clear to mankind in 
“Science and Health with Key to the 
Scriptures.” On page 473 of this text- 
book she writes, “Jesus is the human 
man,”~and Christ is the divine idea: 
hence the duality of Jesus the Christ.” 
And on page 333 of the same book 
we read, “Christ expresses God’s spir- 
itual, eternal nature.” Every sincere 
student of Christian Science can learn 
eternal 
nature,” or Christ-consciousness. “The 
new-man,” as Paul states (Col. 3:10), 
is the real identity of all of God's 
children. It is our true selfhood or 
individuality through which we ex- 
press God’s goodness, love, joy, and 
dominion. 

When Jesus called to Zacchaeus to 
come down from the tree and enter- 
tain him in his house, Zacchaeus did 
not. ask. for. time to go home and pre- 
pare a feast fit for such a guest, nor 
did he waste any time on self-condem- 
nation for his past sins. “He made 


+B 


A ta imot Kristus 


[This is a Norwegian translation of “Entertaining the Christ,” 
appearing on this page} 


Oversetteise av den engelske artikkelen om Christian Science* som finnes p& denne side 


{Neste norske oversetteise 18 


I Brpecen (Luk. 19:1-9) er det en be- 
retning om me¢tet mellom’Kristus Jesus og 
den rike tolder Sakkeus. I beretningen 
star det, at da Jesus gikk gjennom byen 
Jeriko og mengden trengte seg inn pa ham 
fra alle kanter, sprang Sakkeus, som var 
liten av vekst, i forveien og klatret opp 
i et hdyt tre, sa han kunne fa se Mesteren. 
Kanskje han hadde hapet 4 fa se uten 
selv. @- dH. sett;-men-Lukas. forteller: 
Jesus kom til stedet, s&A han op og sa til 
ham: Sakkeus! skynd dig og stig ned! for 
idag skal jeg bli i ditt hus. Og han 
skyndte sig og steg ned, og tok imot ham 
med gilede.” 

De-som- visste hvor uzrlig og urettfer- 
dig tolderen var, uttrykte sin misngye 
med at Jesus ville v#re gjest i en syn- 
ders hus. Men Sakkeus erklerte ydmykt 
og A4pent, at hvis han hadde bedradd noen, 


ville han betale altsammen'tilbake med 


renter. At Mesteren hadde tillit til Sak- 
keus’ rettskaffenhet og evne til 4 gjen- 
nomf¢gre sine gode forsetter, ser vi av 
Jesu ord: “Idag er frelse blitt dette hus 
til del, eftersom og han er en Abrahams 
sénn.” 

Gijennom den helbredende og gienfs- 
dende innflytelse av Christian Science’, 
hvis lwre er i overensstemmelse med 
Bibelen, kan idag alle som @nsker det, 
f4 oppleve den samme andelige oppvak- 
nen som Sakkeus, og ta imot Kristus, 
Sannheten. Denne religion gir sine stude- 
rende en praktisk forstéelse av Gud og 
av. Kristus, hvis guddommelige natur og 
karakter Jesus manifesterte i hver minste 
ting i sitt daglige liv. 


Pooh Z 


Apenbaringen av Christian Science kom 
til Mary Baker Eddy, dens Oppdager og 
Grunnlegger, gjennom hennes_utrettelige 
studium av Bibelen og ved at hun stadig 
sékte Andélig samfunn med Gud. Denne 
guddommelige Apenbaring av de store 
andelige sannheter om all virkelig til- 


 veerelse, forklarte Mrs. Eddy for men- 
neskeheten i Science and Health with 


Key to the Scriptures (Vitenskap og 
helse med ngkkel til Skriften). 
473 i denne lewreboken skriver hun: 
“Jesus er det menneskelige menneske, og 
Kristus er den guddommelige idé: herav 
Jesu Kristi dualitet.” Og pa side 333 i 
samme bok leser vi: “Kristus uttrykker 
Guds Andelige, evige natur.” Enhver opp- 
riktig Christian Science studerende kan 
lere 4 ifpre seg “Guds Andelige, evige 
natur”’, eller Kristus-bevisstheten. “Det 
nye menneske”, som Paulus taler om 
(Kol. 3:10), er alle Guds barns virkelige 


“Da-~- gere “wynder: 


P& side. 


, 
mars) 


identitet. Det er vart sanne jeg, eller var 
individualitet, som uttrykker Guds god- 
het, kjzrlighet, glede og herredémme. 

Da Jesus bad Sakkeus komme ned fra 
treet og ta imot ham i sitt hus, bad ikke 
Sakkeus om tid til 4 ga hjem og forbe- 
rede et festmaltid som passet for en slik 
giest; heller ikke kastet han bort tiden 
med 4 ford@mme seg selv for sine tidli- 


ned, og tok imot ham med glede.” 

I Science and Health skriver Mrs. Eddy 
(s. 323, 324): “Villighet til 4 bli som et 
lite barn og forlate det gamle for det 
nye, gjor tanken mottagelig for den frem- 
skredne idé. Glede over 4 forlate de falske 
landemerker og fryd ved 4 se dem for- 
svinne—dette sinnelag bidrar til 4 frem- 
skynde den endelige harmoni.” 


Sate Ee 


Det er absolutt nédvendig for den som 
vil ta imot Kristus, Sannheten, 4 ha bar- 
nets sinnelag. Nar vi vender oss bort fra 
materielle eller syndige metoder med 
deres utilfredsstillende resultater og hap- 
Igése nederlag, og léfter tanken til Gud og 
ber med ydmyk, barnlig forventning om 
a bli vist veien til et bedre liv, da erkjen- 
ner vi at den kjzrlige, helbredende Kris- 
tus alltid er newerve#rende. Vi vakner opp 
av var drom om liv i materien og om 
oss selv som syndige, lidende, dedelige 
mennesker, til den lykkelige erkjennelse 
av liv i Gud, og av vart sanne, andelige 
jeg som fullkomment, skapt i Guds billede 
og lignelse. 

A vende om fra v&art tidligere livssyn 
og ga Kizrlighetens og Sannhetens vei 
som Christian Science viser oss, krever 
moralsk mot, zrlighet, trofasthet og iher- 
dighet. Efter som v4r bevissthet blir fylt 
av Sinnets lutrende tanker og den gud- 
dommelige Kierlighets helbredende og 
berikende egenskaper, skal vi finne at 
Kristus, menneskets guddommzrlige natur, 
alltid er nzrverende i vdre hijerter og 
gir oss herredgmme over synd, lidelse og 
alle slags begrensninger. 

*Det navn Mary Baker Eddy gav sin oppda- 

gelse. (Uttajes “Kristjen ‘Saiens., Den boksta- 


velige ove telse av disse ord .er Kristen 
Vitenskap. 


“Guddommelig Vitenskeaps begynnelsesgrunner” 
og “Net ja’, 1 ett bind, og ‘‘Tilbakeblikk og 
innblikk”, ker ay Mary Baker Eddy, kan fies 
p& norsk til $1.50 pr. bok. Sendes portofrits til 
en hvilken som helst adresse ay Horace J. 
Carver, Publishers’ Agent, One Norway Street, 
Boston 15, ‘Massachusetts, U.BA. 


Opplysninger om annen Christian Science lit- 
teratur p& norsk kan fies ved henvendelse til 
The Christian Science Publishing Society, 

ou Street, Boston 15, Massachusetts, 


“Man skyndtesrz~ og steg”” 


haste, and came down, and received 
him joyfully.” 

In Science and Health Mrs, Eddy 
writes (pp. 323, 324): “Willingness toe 
become as a little child and to leave 
the old for the new, renders thought 


receptive.of the advanced idea. Glad=" 


ness to leave the false landmarks and 
joy to see them disappear,—this dispo- 
sition helps to precipitate the ultimate - 
harmony.” 


- Fe 


A childlike attitude is indispensable 
if one would entertain the Christ, 
Truth. When one turns away from 
material or sinful modes, with their 
unsatisfying success and their frustrate 
ing failure, and lifts his thought to 
God,. asking . with. humble,.childlike.. 
expectancy to be shown a better way 
of life, then the tender, healing Christ’ 
is seen as ever present. One wakes 
from the dream he has entertained. of 
life in matter and of himself as a sine 
ning, suffering mortal to the joyful 
recognition of life in God and of his 
true, spiritual selfhood as the perfect 
man created in the image and likeness _ 
of God. 

To forsake the old way of living and 
walk in the pathway of Love and 
Truth, which Christian. Science points 
out, necessitates moral courage, hone 
esty, steadfastness, and-persistence. -As 
our consciousness becomes permeated 
with Mind’s purifying thoughts and 
the. healing, enriching qualities of di« 
vine Love, we shall find the Christ, 
man’s divine nature, abiding constantly 
in our hearts and giving us mastery 
over sin, suffering, and limitation of 
every sort. 


[In another column wqill be found «a translation of 
this article into Norwegian. The next Norwegia® 
transiation will appear March 18.) 


Portrat of a Friend 


This painting shows a mountain, one 
would say, 

That rises pleasantly above some trees, 

With all the sweetness of a summer day 

Somehow held in these. 


A mountain, 
to me. 

I see your slight sure hand that held the 
brush; 

I see your lifted glance’s ecstasy 

There in the noontime hush. . 


yes—and yet much more 


I see the wonder that would touch your 
face, 

Now bent above the brush, now lifted high 

To search the shifting aspects of this place 

Lit by a changing sky, 


A mountain, yes—the summertime and al] 
Its sunniness—but that is not the end. 
Within that frame, hung here upon a wall, 
Is the portrait of my friend. 


ROLAND ENGLISH HARTLEY 


——E 


—————— 


No trouble ts 


Beyond Help. 


Most. of us have heard these words of 
hope, “Man's extremity is God's oppor- 
tunity.” 


Now Christian Science shows how to 
make this promise come true in time of 
need. Thoughtful reading of the Chris- 
tian Science text- 
book Science 
and Health with 


Key... £0 =. ae ay 


Scriptures . by 

Mary Baker 

Eddy, beginning 

with the brief 

first chapter on 

“Prayer,” has 

shown thou-. 

sands how to 

avail themselves of God's yee how to 
meet the pressing problems of daily life 
more successfully. 


Ir matters not how long or how urgent 
may be the human call for help. God can 
do what mankind cannot. 


You can learn bow to bring to pass for 
yourself, or others, the promise given by 
Christ Jesus, the Way-shower, “Ye shall 
know the truth, and the truth shall make 
you free” (John 8). Science and Health 
shows the sincere seeker how to find and 
feel this promised freedom. 


Science and Health 
may be bought, bor- 
rowed, or read at 
Christian Science 
Reading Rooms 
throughour the 
world. 


RS 
£ 
- 


Horace J. Carver, Publisher's 
One Norway Street, Boston 15, U.S.A. 


[) Enclosed is $3. Please send postpaid a 
copy of “Science and Health with Key to the 


Scriptures” by Mary Baker Eddy in she blue 
cloth Library Edition. 


Name Sie hetiaieiatadindea teenie. 


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Tae Bet RAY uh Sn oe Leer H bits eal OM 
os PT Wa i ek a wh 
. “ * * 


Monday, February 18, 1957 


* 


d 
o~ 


ae ER ,@ i y 
’ Ad OD (- Atl 


Long-Range Policy Emerges 


By ERWIN D. CANHAM, Editor of The Christian Science Monitor 


’ 


P" _—— 
— 


Out of the darkness of deadlock over Suez 
@ number of long-range.conclusions are 
emerging. Let me list a few: 

« 1,. It is not always possible, and it may 
rarely if ever be possible, for’ the United 
“Nations or a powerful nation like the United 
States to coerce a small nation. Israel is 
still refusing to recede from the positions it 
holds on Egyptian soil until it gets guaran- 
tees of a safer future. And up to now all 
the king’s horses and all the king's men 
have not brought Israel to recede. _ 

2. The United States is developing a 
stronger policy for the Middle East, going 
beyond the so-called Eisenhower Doctrine 

’ even before that doctrine is endorsed by 

“Congress. The position we have taken~ on 
free navigation in narrow international 

“waters like the Gulf of Aqaba is the béegin- 
ning of such a policy, for it carries with it 
an equal concern about free passage of 
Suez. We have also assured Israel we will 
do our best to keep the Gaza strip from 
becoming the jumping-off place for attacks 
against them. Such policies, though not yet 
sufficiently specific for Israel, are neverthe- 

jess the solid. beginnings.of-a Middle East- 
ern policy. 


World May Bypass Suez 


8. The United States, together with 
Western European. nations and Israel, 1s 
beginning the job of bypassing Suez for 
good if it becomes necessary. This is a way 
of bringing strong pressure on Egypt. It 
may also be sound economy. Pipelines are 
efficient ways of moving oil—if you can 
control them. 

4. Western Europe is far advanced in 
its plans for a European common market 
and the cooperative development of peace- 


time atomic energy. These are potent steps, - 


‘nd in part they would free Western Europe 
from crippling dependency on Suez and on 
the Middle East. ' : 

5. Britain is cutting down its expensive 
armament commitment. This is a mixed 
blessing; it means fewer NATO troops on 
the line, but it may mean a stronger Brit- 
ain after the rigorous period it is going 
through. 

All these various steps are in some degree 
@ result of the bold action taken when 
Britain, France, and Israel invaded Suez. It 
is just possible that hazardous and seem- 
ingly tragic event may be a historic turn- 
-jng toward new realism and effectiveness. 
But as of now the situation remains deeply 
uncertain. President Eisenhower, from his 
Thomasville, Ga., retreat, has warned Israel 
that it has received “the maximum assur- 
ance it can reasonably expect” in safe- 
guards against Egypt before it complies 
with UN demands to withdraw troops from 
Egyptian soil. 


The President’s statement was strong and 


temperate. It reaffirmed that the interna-__ 


tional commitments UN members have 
taken “preclude using the forcible seizure 
and occupation of other lands as bargain- 
ing power in the settlement of international 
disputes.” 

Then Mr. Eisenhower pointed out that 
Britain and France. had promptly complied 
with the UN demand that they withdraw 
from Egypt. And he recalled his own ap- 

al to Prime Minister Ben-Gurion on 

ov. 8 declaring it to be of the “highest 
riority” that Israel withdraw its troops. 

e quotes the Ben-Gurion reply implying 
that with the creation of an international 

—herce.under.the UN Israel would be able to 
withdraw. 


Israel Urged to Trust Friends 


The President further recognizes Israel's 
_. Jegitimate grievances and right to-see them 
remedied. And he finally calls on Israel “to 
rely upon the resoluteness of all friends of 
justice to bring about a state of affairs 
which will conform to the principles of jus- 
tice and of international law and serve 
impartially the proper interests of all in the 
area. This, we believe, should provide a 
greater source of security for Israel than 
an occupation continued contrary to the 
overwhelming judgment of the world com- 
munity.” 
Now we shall see. whether or not Israel 


mnt WAL... comply...If ..it...does..netjthe«dinithd:« 


States and the Western -European powers 
will have great difficulty in preventing the 
UN from voting overwhelmingly for sanc- 
tions, at least economic, against Israel. The 
United States is deeply committed to the 
position that Israel must accept the UN 
demand, plus the American assurance. If 

~—Jsrael- continues to refuse, it would do the 
UN great harm not to follow the logic into 
some kind of action, preferably nonmilitary. 
But out of sympathy with Israel’s right to 
navigation and protection against frontier 
raids the United States certainly would seek 
a deeper justice than the mere application 
of sanctions. 


The alacrity with which Britain and 


France withdrew their troops from Suez is 
in great contrast to Israel’s determination 
to vindicate its rights. The reason is not 
far to seek. When the Soviet Union threat- 
ened to send “volunteers” into the Mideast 
—which means troops in almost any num- 
ber—and when the United States was com- 
mitted also to help bring about withdrawal 
of invading troops, Britain and France en- 
visaged the possibility of war on a large 
scale, But Israel does not believe the great 
powers, even the Soviet Union, will now use 
military force against it, and Israel feels 
quite able to protect itself against its Arab 
neighbors. 


Egypt Still Remains Problem 


If. Israel decides, after. further.thought, 
to. accede to the American appeal, then it 
will be incumbent on-.the United States to 
make sure the Gulf of Aqaba is opened 
and that the Gaza strip is not used as an 
aggression base-against Israel. And by im- 
plication the United States should also seek 
to keep Suez open and inviolate against 
political blockage. 

But it may prové just as hard to bring 
Egypt into line as it was Israel — maybe 
harder, Thus the plans to bypass Suez are 
of importance. They are a form of political 
leverage. Egypt’s economy, already deeply 
depressed, would degenerate dangerously if 
it no longer could expect revenue from Suez. 

If Israel does withdraw its troops, the last 
excuse will be removed which Egypt might 
effectively use against opening the Suez 
Canal. So long as invading troops remain 
on Egyptian soil, Cairo has a powerful 
argument against agreement on the use of 
Suez, and of other controversial matters. 
And so, though the deadlock looks tight 
right now, American diplomacy has not ~ 
given up hope. And it must be said that 
the. Eisenhower-Dulles diplomacy has been 
active and sensible during the past few 
weeks. While Congress has debated over 
the-. Eisenhower Doctrine, actual “policies 
have been shaping up which may be much 
more important than the doctrine, and much 
more effective. ; 

King Saud is on good terms with Wash- 
ington and will soon be in Cairo to share 
his views with the heads of Egypt, Syria, 
and Jordan, Officials of Lebanon and Iraq 
also have recently been in Washington, 
clarifying and cementing relations, It may 
be that the Soviet Union has strengthened 
its position in Syria, but such activities may 
have been undercut by the Saud visit to 
Washington. And the United States has not 
burned its bridges with Egypt. Red power 
is not dominant there. So if the big Mid- 
eastern problem is that of Soviet penetra- 
tion, it may be concluded that the Kremlin . 
has not won the war, and it is open to de- 
bate how many skirmishes it has won. 


Queen Plans Visit to U.S. 


Agreement is in sight on the six-nation 
European common market and on the 
Euratom plan. Parts of French Africa will 
be linked to the common market. Under the 


common. market, customs duties between 


France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the 
Netherlands, and Luxembourg, will be 
eliminated within 17 years, common tariffs 
will be adopted, and the free flow of capi- 
tal and labor will be encouraged. This kind 
of economic integration has been difficult 
to work out,-and it may be hard to apply, 


wbut..its advantages.should.-be-apparent -be~- 


fore long—perhaps, long before the-17 speci- 
fied years of its gradual application are up. 
Anyway, it is very good news for friends 
of a stronger and sounder Europe. Moreover, 
the British Government is interested and 
may join the common market before it is 
very old. 

Queen Elizabeth.and the Duke of Edin- 
burgh having been happily reunited, such 
newspapers as have been worried about 
them—particularly the more _ sensational 
ones on this side of the Atlantic—can now 
turn to other problems. The sharp-eyed 
correspondents of such papers as detected a 
touch of lipstick on the Duke's cheek as-he 
emerged from his wife’s airplane at Lisbon, 
certainly deserve a vote of thanks. The royal 
couple, it is now reperted authoritatively in 
Washington... .will..pay...@,state.yvisit. tothe... 
United States in the autumn. President 
Eisenhower invited them some time ago, it 
is said, but the British Government thought 
a delay in announcing the trip would be 
advisable in view of the agitated state of 
British public opinion at the height of. the 
Suez crisis. 

It’s hard to tell how seriously to take’ a™ 
book published today in Germany by the 
head of the technical arms department of 
the German War Ministry during World 
War II. This presumed authority says Nazi 
Germany had developed flying saucers that 
flew more than 1,000 miles an hour, and a 
lorig-range bomber that could attack the 
United States and return without refueling. 


As given on the American Broadcasting Company network. 


From the Bookshelf 


People, Government, and the Land 


Boxcar in the Sand, by Laurence Hewes. (New 
York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. 262 pp. $4.75.) 


If you enjoy reading for the sheer music 
of words and the poignancy of pictures they 
evoke; or if you care even a little about people 
' who depend for their livelihood on the land 
and about government that tries to help them, 
’ this book is for you. 

Despite the beauty of the words, you may 
also find an element of shock. From this record 
assessing 50 years of firsthand coping with 
the “twin puzzle of poer land and poor peo- 
ple” emerges a compelling concept of the mag- 
nitude of the problems which neither society, 
technology, nor government has yet solved. 


ee. ae 


From the days of his free-roaming boyhood 
©n a farm which his parents wrested from 


the Oregon wilds half a century ago Laurence — 


: Hewes saw the people and the land as need- 
ing each other, but as needing much more, too. 
Writing about the recreational aspects of the 
Missouri Basin development which brought 
such joys as swimming, boating, etc., to people 

areas hitherto landlocked in the Great 
lains, he terms the human values entirely 
incalculable. “Yet the values are there, and 
someone must see that these human imponder- 


By Helen Henley 


ables are not lost in the shuffle of papers or 
the upheaval of construction.” 

Certainly human values were uppermost for 
him when, after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, 
he reluctantly carried out his assignment of 
helping to relocate West Coast Japanese- 
Americans—and again when he served as land 
reform adviser on General MacArthur’s head- 
quarters staff in Tokyo. 

* See” ae 


His closeness to the people and the land — 
never wavered even during his stint as an 

sistant to Undersecretary of Agriculture Rex- 
fard Tugwell in the confusing days when New 
Deal policies were taking form, Washington 


complexities might baffle him, but they never 


engulfed him. Now working in Denver with 
the Bureau of Reclamation, he says he has 
asked himself why he goes on in the rugged 
business of “roaming around the country look- 
ing at land and wondering what to do with it.” 

“The reward.I seem to seek,” he says in the 
answer which concludes his book, “is a vivid 
sense of identity with a shining land I once 
encountered long ago, beside the Columbia, 
where an old, weather-beaten boxcar in the 
sand marked a beginning.” Whether Mr, 
Hewes ever wholly finds: that reward or not, 
his effort to communicate what he has seen— 
and readers, . 


The Teaching 


AM COME that they might have 
life, and that they might have it 
more abundantly. 


And, behold, they brought to 
him a man sick of the palsy, lying 
on a bed: and Jesus seeing their 

~ faith said.unto the sick of the 
palsy; Son, be of good cheer; thy sins be for- 
given thee. 
And, behold, certain of the scribes said 
within themselves, This man blasphemeth. 
And Jesus knowing their thoughts. said, 
Wherefore think ye evil in your hearts? 
For whether is easier, to say, Thy sins be 
forgiven thee; or to-say, Arise, and-walk? 
But that ye may know that the Son of 
man hath power on earth to forgive sins, 
(then saith he to the sick of the palsy,) Arise, 
take up thy bed, and go unto thine house. 
And he arose, and departed to his house. 
But when the multitudes saw it, they mar« 


velled, and glorified God, which had given 
such power unto men. 


wl PSOHP 


Now when John had heard in the prison 
the works of Christ, he sent two of his 
disciples, ‘ 

And said unto him, Art thou he that should 
come, or do we look for another? 

Jesus answered and said unto them, Go 
and shew John again those things whith ye 
do hear and see: 

The blind receive their sight, and the lame 
walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf 
hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor 
have the gospel preached to them. 


And blessed is he, whosoever shall not be 
offended in me. 


COR~ 


And Jesus went about all the cities and 
villages, teaching in their synagogues, and 
preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and 
healing every sickness and every disease 
among the people. 


The Impact of Jesus’ Teachings © 
TODAY 


& On Healing 


The Impact 


HE NEW TESTAMENT pre- 
sents..us. with the picture 
of a Good Shepherd, moved 
with compassion toward the 
fainting multitude, who 
reached out to them with 
the radically transforming 
power of divine Love. We 
read that those who saw the 
resultant works of healing 

glorified God —‘“which had given such power 
unto men.” 

Today a tremendous revival of interest in 
utilizing this spiritual power is taking place. 

In a special issue of the nondenominational 
journal Pastoral Psychology devoted to the 
subject of spiritual healing, the lead editorial 
opens: | 

“*And he called the twelve together and 
gave them power and authority over all de- 
mons and to cure diseases and he sent them 
out to preach the kingdom of God and to heal.’ 
—Luke 9:1, 2 (RSV). 


FON Oem 


“This divine power and authority are obli- 
gations laid upon Christ’s Church today. The 
healing ministry is of no less importance than 
the spreading of the evangel. Salvation and 
health go hand in hand. Indeed, the root 
meaning of the two words is the same: the 
achieving of wholeness.” 

This is the note that is being struck again 


and again—in the pulpit, in the press, in the: 


thinking and questioning of ordinary Chris- 
tians, 


But -when he saw the multitudes, he was 
* moved with compassion on them, because 


they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as 
sheep having no shepherd. _. — 
Then saith he unto his disciples, The har- 


vest truly is plenteous, but the labourers are 
few; 


Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest. 
that he will send forth labourers into his 


harvest. 


And when he had called unto him his twelve 


disciples, he gave them power against unclean 


spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all 
manner of sickness and all manner of disease. 


wOISOH 


Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son 
can. do nothing of himself; but what he seeth 
the Father do: for what things soever he 
doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise. 

I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, 
I judge: 

Believest thou not that I am in the Father. 
and the Father in me? the words that I speak 
unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father 
that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works. 

_ Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that be- 
lieveth on me, the works that I do shall he 
do also; and greater works than these shal] 
he do; because I go unto mye Father ccccrsonu 

I have yet many things to say unto you, but 
ye cannot bear them now, 

Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is 
come, he will guide you into all truth: 


And ye shall know the truth, and the truth 


shall make you free, 


wl ISOM 


And by the hands of the apostles were 
many signs and wonders wrought among the 
people; 

And believers were the more added to the 
Lord, multitudes both of men and women. 

_ There came also a multitude out of the 
cities round about unto Jerusalem, bringing 
sick folks, and them which were vexed with 
unclean spirits: and they were healed every 


one, 


Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know 
them. 


Bible References 


Following are the references from the Kin 

James Version of the Bible printed on this 
page: 
Joan 10:10; Matt. 9:2-8: Matt. 11:2-6: Matt. 
9:35-38; Matt. 10:1; John 5:19, 30: John 14:10, 
12; John 16:12, 13; John 8:32; Acts 5:12, 14, 
16; Matt. 7:20. 


.In.1955 the 95th General Assembly of the 
Presbyterian Church in the United States took 
official note of the wide upsurge of interest in 
spiritual healing among Christians, in a report 
which- discussed the--“‘reawakening ~ of. the 
church’s attention to this phase of its ministry 
which occupied such a prominent place in 
New. Testament times but which had, to say 
the least, been partially neglected in modern 
times.” 

The reference is not merely to the spectacu- 
lar and highly publicized activities of certain 
popular evangelists, whose televised “healing 
services” are criticized by some Christians as 


‘displays of showmanship and-of mass sugges- 


tion rather than of spiritual power. It refers 


to the quiet exploration of healing possi- © 


bilities that is being carried on by many 
thoughtful clergymen and laymen in the long- 
established Protestant denominations. 


SOR LO™ 


Among these traditional groups the Church 
of England has taken the lead in this activity. 
The Archbishops’ Commission on Divine Heal- 
ing, composed of clerics, doctors, and psychia- 
trists, has been investigating the subject over 
a considerable period. Other groups in Great 
Britain—notably the Methodists and in the 
Church of Scotland—are experimenting in the 
field. A bishop who heads a large English pub- 
lic school wrote not long ago that there were 
two topics you could always count on to raise 
a lively interest among the boys: one was 
communism, the dther spiritual healing. 


A special study in the United States, spon- 
sored by’ the Commission on Religion and ~ 


Health of the National Council of Churches, 
brought to light the fact that a surprising 
number of Protestant clergymen—particularly 
in the Episcopal Church—are attempting to 
practice healing through prayer in a quiet, 
modest way. Special seminars.on the subject 
have been held for ministers in- various parts 
of the country, sometimes with doctors and 
psychiatrists participating. 

A distinguished French Commission for the 
Study of Paranormal Healing and a survey of 
divine healing made by the Baptist Union of 
New Zealand illustrate the far-flung though 
highly diverse varieties of attention being 
given to the subject. A flood of books, articles, 
pamphlets, sermons, and panel discussions are 
approaching the question from every possible 
angle, 

All of this represents a remarkable change 
in Christian thinking. 

It is true that to the immediate disciples of 
the Master healing the sick played a vital part 
in taking the “good news” of salvation to the 
world. And the writings of Irenaeus, Tertul- 
lian, and others show how widespread was 
Christian healing during the next two or three 


centuries. 
wb PSO HM 


Yet in time the “miracles” of the apostolic 
age came to be regarded as special dispensa- 
tions of Providence—as an unpredictable set- 
ting aside of the laws of nature by an unfath- 
omable Deity. Christians began to look on ill- 
ness as sent to them by God—even when they 
sought to combat it by every possible material 
means, 

At most periods of spiritual revival, how- 
ever, there have been at least momentary 
glimpses of the healing power of Christian 
love and faith. Typical of these is the experi- 
ence of John Wesley recorded in his journal in 


1791: “Had to lie down... pain, pain and 
coughing. These words came to. mind strongly: 
‘These things shall follow them that believe.’ 
Prayed and called on Jesus to increase my 
faith and to confirm the word‘of grace. Whilst 
I was speaking, my pain vanished and the 
fever left me.” 

It was not until the middle of the 19th cen- 
tury that the subject of spiritual héaling was 


‘seriously reintroduced to a scientific age by 


Mary Baker Eddy, the Discoverer and Founder 
of Christian Science. The decisive event in 


Mrs. Eddy’s own development was a healing ~~ 


she experienced in 1866 while reading the 


account of Jesus’ healing of the palsied man in 
Matthew 9: 2-8. 


This was follbwed nine years later by the 
publication of her widely influential textbook 
“Science and Health with Key to the Scrip- 
tures.” In 1879 a small group of her followers 
voted to “organize a church designed to com- 
memorate the word and works of our Master, 
which should reinstate primitive Christianity 
and its lost element of healing’ (Manual of 
The Mother Church, The First Church of 
Christ,” Scientist, in Boston, Massachusetts, 
p. 17). 

Though greeted at first with widespread 
hostility, the impressive healing record of 
Christian Science over the years caused in- 
creasing numbers of Christians in the tradi- 
tional churches to reconsider profoundly the 
New Testament injunctions to heal. As the 
magazine Presbyterian Life put it editorially 
a year ago: | 

“In 1866, at the height of the age of skep- 
ticism, came Christian Science, insisting that 
Christ’s prediction that his followers would 
perform ‘greater works than these’ be taken 
seriously; Many orthodox Christians found it 
hard to deny that something was lacking in a 
Christianity that left spiritual healing com- 
pletely in the discard.” 


SOREI™ 


In recent years the gap has closed to the 
point where Dr. Emory Stevens Bucke, editor 
of the Methodist wééeKly Zions Herald, could 
declare that there.is no longer “any serious 
feud between Christian Scientists and the 


mainstream of Christian thought on the limite .- 
_ less possibilities of spiritual power.” 


* 


between the methods, scope, implications, and 
resultS of the various sorts of healing prac- 
ticed in Christ’s name. To the great majority 
of clefgymen interested in the subject prayer 
is regarded as an adjunct to regular medical 
treatment, rather than a replacement of it. In 
some cases the administration of the sacra- 
ments or the “laying on of hands” is consid- 
ered to be an indispensable part of the process. 
In other cases prayer is combined with psy- 
chiatric treatment or a more generalized form 
of psychological counseling. 

Much of the present activity is frankly and 
avowedly “faith healing’’: some is character- 
ized by those who practice it as the religious 
use of suggestion, and may even on occasion 
make use of hypnotism. To other Christian 


healers such a.combination is objectionable... 
“and is thought to be at a fdr remove from the 


purely spiritual method of Christ Jesus. 

Among numerous surveys of the subject, a 
recent book entitled ‘““New Concepts of Heal- 
ing” by A. Graham Ikin (New York: Associa- 
tion Press) gives a vivid picture of the vital- 
ity, the confusion, and the promise of the pres- 
ent situation. Though Miss Ikin’s-own-plan-is 
for a close cooperation between the elergy and 
the medical profession, she includes in an 
appendix an authoritative statement of the 
Christian Science position, with its radical 
reliance on prayer alone. 


wOISOM § 


The results reported by the exponents of 
various forms of healing vary widely. Many 
find that their methods are effective only in 
the case of recognizably “psychosomatic” dis- 
orders. Others disclose documented instances 
in which cancer, tuberculosis, and organic dis- 


~ eases of all kinds have yielded, sometimes in- 


stantaneously, to prayer and spiritual inspira- 
tion. Some describe the latter sort of cure as 
“extremely rare” and quite unpredictable, 
while others point to the 90-year record of 
Christian Science as providing evidence of a 
scientifically available and applicable law of 
God equal to every human need. 


Though controversy and uncertainty, still 


surround this subject for many people, all. 


Christians can rejoice in the revitalized sense 
of God’s presence and power which has come 
to so many people through the experience of 
healing. And with all the diversities of opin- 
ion on the subject, two conclusions appear to 
have gained widespread acceptance today:, 
(1) God’s will for man is health, not sickness, 
and (2) Christ Jesus’ command to heal the 
sick applies to his present-day disciples as 
well as to the original twelve. 

Above all, his own supreme example shines 
as a guiding star. 


BILDER 


“There is still, however, a wide divergence _ 


‘ ’ ; 
Bey 


Bh imei paaoikeion ser Si ae EZ ae UNE 


> Bruins = 


AN Ret RA te 


4 = So ee ee anne 
<4 bin RP BEIN Ma Fett, ap has gees a 
ts ° » “tet X ¥ = sx 


“ei et Ee op 


‘Arena This Evening 


~ Unimpressive Weekends . G = 


Sports Here 


and ‘There 


By Bob 


Wilkin 


Sports Writer of Tae Christian Science Monttor 


‘If the Boston Bruins eye the (fine play of late has pushed | 
_ games of March 2 and March 9 | them into a virtual third-place | 


with feelings not bordering on 
joy and elation it is understand- - 

able. Television is bringing 
_gmiles..and burgeoning attend- 
ance to hockey rinks all over 
the United States and Canada. 
To the Bruin players, however, 
it has brought little short of dis- - 
aster—a 5-3 loss to New York, 
a 2-2 tie with Montreal, and a 
6-5 drubbing by, of all people, 
Chicago. 

So, if the Bostons have little 
relish for the forthcoming con- 
test with New York on March 2 


in Boston and the March 9 affair ~~ 


at Boston with Detroit, it is be- 
cause, as the’ Bruins are wont 
to say, “c'est la video.” 

Goalies get the brunt of many 
things—including the blame for 
big scores run up against their 
teams. It.is fairly safe to say, 
nevertheless, concerning the 
Bostons’ horrible showing in 
their last two road games (6-5 
at Chicago, 6-2 at Detroit) that - 
rookie Don Simmons had little 
to say about either of these 
shellackings. 

It is significant that other par- 
ties have called down the wrath 
of Milt Schmidt, their coach, 
who, as a player, was never 


guilty of letting his goaltender” 


down. Vic Stasiuk was fined for 
thoughtless play during Satur- 
day's 
an apparently unnecessary five- 
minute penalty that made it easy 
for Chicago to go out in front. 
Both Johnny Peirson and Cal | 


Gardner were benched for lack- | 


luster defensive play which left | 
avenues open for both Detroit 
and Chicago to travel almost un- | 
hampered. 

Jerry Toppazzini is reported | 
comi along nicely in the De- | 
troit 
back for the playoffs. 

Boston’s “road scholars” will 
still be far from home for the 
next three games. They play at 
New York on Wednesday, To- 
ronto on Saturday; 
on Sunday. 


Celties 


Boston Celtics, also a-wander 
during the Ice Follies’ stay at 
the Garden, have shown little 
inclination’ to run away with 
the National Basketball Asso- 
ciation since leaving their own 
back yard. In seven road games 
they have won but two. Yester- 
day, they were left in the 116- 
106 dust by Syracuse. The Nats 


television unspectacular— 


spital and may well be | 


and Chicago 


Eastern Division Ye with New| 
York, 8% games behind Boston | 
and only three games behind 
second-place Philadelphia. * 
This week finds our 
pacing basketballers at New 
York tomorrow, back into Bos- 


| 


snatl= 


ton Garden Thursday afternoon 
‘for a game with St. Louis (Fort) 
Wayne and New York make up | 
the other tandem of the double- | 


header), at Philadelphia on Fri- 
day, and at Providence on 
Sunday against New York. 


College Hockey 
In college hockey, 
lege ventured into 
country of upper 
state and met with a real “lost” 
week end. Clarkson shut out the 
Eagles, 5-0, on Saturday and St. 
Lawrence lowered the boom, 
9-1, last night. 


the 


Boston Col- | 
cold | 
New York 


This evening both Boston Col- 


lege and Boston University will | 
be in action at the Arena, BU | 


taking on Northeastern at 7 p:m., 
and the Eagles mixing with 
Dartmouth in the second contest. 

The double beating by the 
New York teams may have just 
about eliminated Boston Col- 
lege’s chances of representing 
the East in the NCAA playoffs 
at Colorado Springs next month 
About all the Clarkson team 
needs is a win over BU. next 
Saturday or St. Lawrence on 
March 6 to be assured of a ma- 


| jority vote in selecting the East- | 


ern representative. 
Clarkson has 


game while winning Seen | a 


| some of these wins were against 
'tough Canadian teams. Harvard, 
| too, has 15 wins’ and only three 
losses. BU stands at 13-6 and 
BC, 12-7. 

Last year Clarkson had the} 
best Eastern record but was not | 


able to got to Colorado because | 
of ineligibility of several play-| 
ers. Boston College went instead 


and 
Tech, 
6-2, 


was beaten by 
10-4, and St. 


Michigan 
Lawrence. 


ak ae. 


Briefs ... . The signing by the 
Boston Red Sox of outfielder 
Tom Umphlett and_ rookie 
pitcher Al Schroll brought the 
list of unsigned players down to 
eight ... Charlie Volpone, 19- 
year old Boston College sopho- 
more,-will defend his Massachu- 
setts Amateur Golf Champion- 
ship at the Longmeadow Course 
July 10-13. 


wf 


Weekend S ports Briets 


fhe Assoc 


Golf 
San Antonio, Texas 
Jay Hebert, Sanford, Fla., 
took a one stroke decision over 
Ed Furgol, St. Andrews, Ill., to 
win the $20,000 Texas Open with 
a 72-hole score of 271. 


_ St. Petersburg, Fila. 
Mary. Lena Faulk, Thomas- 
ville, Ga., 
off the Ladies Professional Golf- 
ers Association record with a 
72-hole total of 279, to take the 
$5,000 © St. Petersburg “Women’s 
Open. argh 
Miami, Fla. 
Al Dark, St. Louis Cardinals 
shortstop, won his third baseball! 
players golf crown with a 5 and 
4 victory over Al Lopez, Chicago 
White Sox manager. 


lennis 
New York 

Pancho Gonzales crushed Ken 
Rosewall in the Australian’s 
American pro debut at Madison 
Square Garden with a 6—2, 
6—4, 6—2 victory, and took an 
8-4 lead in their series. 


Track 
New York 
beat off an- 


Ron Delany 


other chatienger for his indoor 


“wile sipremacv— Fred Dwyer— 
when he won the Baxter Mile 
in 4:06.8 in the New York Ath- 
letic Club Games. 


| door 
| Harv ard 


clipped five strokes | 


TAAU~ 


‘= 


iated Press 

New Haven, Conn. 
edged by Yale in 
first-place points, Harvard's 
track team piled up 10 second 
places to defeat the Elis and 
Princeton in the Big Three in- 
meet. The scoring was 
72 1-12; Yale 58 5-12; 
‘Princeton 615 


Although 


' Medford, Mass. 


Al Hall bettered the pending | 


world record 
weight th row 
67 feet. 91> 


in the 35 pound 
with a heave of 


competition at 


Cousens cage. 


Hockey 


Tufts’ 


Moscow 
A Soviet all-star. team.crushed 
the Japanese entrant in the 
World Hockey Championship 
15-1 in an exhibition match. 


Dortmund, Germany 
The touring U.S. amateur ice 
hockey team defeated a selected 
German squad 9-3 before 6,000 
fans in Westfalen. Hall. 
Skating 
Vienna 
Austria's Hanna Eigel won 
the 1957 European Women’s 
Figure Skating Championships, 
“Oestersund, Sweden 
Knut Johannensen, a lanky 
23-year-old Norwegian student, 
broke Russia’s speed skating 


engineers 


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General Electric is making turbine-driven power 
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product planning, nozzle 


electrical and electronic. 


DESIGN—sophisticated mechanical, stress analysis. 


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AP Newsfeotures 


e| "Weekend Changes 
| In Starting Time 


By the Associated Press 
Detroit 

The Detroit Tigers an- 
nounced a -new 1:30 p.m. 
(EST) starting time for aill 
Saturday and Sunday base- 
ball games in Briggs Stadium 
this season. 

General Manager Spike 
Briggs said double-header 
starting times will remain at 
1:30 p.m. : 

Single games 
started at 2 p.m. 

Briggs said the move was 
aimed at standardizing start- 
ing times for national tele- 
vision and was made because 
of travel problems of visiting 
teams, He said many fans had 
requested the time change. 


formerly 


the 
total 


by winning 
world title here with a 
point score of 188.952. 


General 
Ishpeming, Mich. 
Finnish Olympic ski Jumping 
champion Antti Hyvarinen 
leaped a record 251 feet 
Suicide Hill 
championship of the Ishpeming 


~$Ski-Club- Tournament: 


Belgrade 


' 
' 


NCAA Grid Television 
Adds National Contest 


By the Associated Press 


Kansas City 


Plans for the televising of 


college football games next fall 


. Fegional. 


‘cast at the 


‘with 


call for an additional national 
network airing and one less re- 
gional date than the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association's 
1956 program. 

The new proposal, worked out 
by the NCAA Television Com- 
mittee and announced by NCAA 
executive director Walter Byers, 
is almost identical in its basic 
features to the controlled TV 
programs of the past two sea- 
sons. 

Principal Variations 
Nine national and 
'EY.... dates- 
eight national and five regional 
dates. 
2. 


1. four 


Two games will be tele- 
same time on two 
nine national dates, 
network to be di- 


of these 


the 


‘vided so both can be carried at 


off | 
to win the senior 


cluded . 
| Week”’ 


The Yugoslav champion team | 
of Red Star defeated Bulgaria's | 


champion squad of CDNA 3-1 
in.. the quarter-finals’ of 
European Soccer Cup compe- 
tition. 
St. Moritz, Switzerland 
Douglas W. Connor, a Mont- 
real business man who makes 
his home in London, set a new 
record for skeleton racing on 
the Cresta Run when he 
skimmed down the icy course 
in 56 seconds flat for an average 
speed of 86.88 kilometers pe! 
hour. 
Havana 
Alvaro de Cardenas’ slim 
White Kurush IV of the Havana 
fleet led 15 other yachts from 
start to finish for an easy vic- 
tory in the first Cuba Cup series 
in the annual Midwinter Star 
Class Sailing Regatta. 
Daytona Beach, Fla. 


4... Cotten Owens bf Spartanbtre, 


S.C., drove a- furious 101.6 miles 
an hour pace—the fastest ever 
negotiated in Nascar’s parade of 
spe 


~ the - 


mittee’s 


once. 


3. A game from each of the 


imstead of 


eight NCAA districts will be in-; 


inthe --‘Game-.of---the 
series. 

The new plan doesn’t go into 
effect until approved by NCAA 


membership, but the TV com- 


yet to be turned down. 
Five Dates 
The 1957 plan -specifies five 
of the dates on which national 


a 


recommendations. .have. 


telecasts will occur. They 
pom: 23. Oo (3 ee 
(Thanksgiving Day), Nov. 30, 
and Dec. 7. The sponsor, or 
sponsors, will select four addi- 
tional Saturday dates within 
two weeks after the TV com- 
mittee awards the rights to the 
national program. The sponsor 
also will choose the dates for 
the dual national telecasts. 
The plan permits member 
colleges to make their own tele- 
casting arrangements, subject to 
standing restrictions, for the 
remaining four Saturdays al- 
lotted intra-district telecasts. 
Two Appearances 


The committee would con- 
tinue the policy of the last two 
years’ tn 
school to one national telecast 
and one district telecast, or to 
two telecasts within its own dis- 
trict. 
some exceptions to 
pearance’ limitations 
special situations. 

As in past seasons, 
New England, and 
Middle Atlantic, 
as. .one 
program. 

Byers said that 


are 
28 


to meet 


District 


mittee 
month 


meet 
consider 


will 
to 


early 
proposals 


from” potential sponsors ‘for=the 
‘national 


sérieés. 
J. 


1S 


Robert 
University 
committee. 


chairman .-of 


Dwyer Admits Mistake 
In Delany Strategy 


By 

New York 
Fred Dwyer admitted an ob- 
vious fact—he made a mistake 
somewhere along the line &n 


‘losing the Baxter Mile to Ron 


d over the beach and road | 


course—and won the 
National.Championship race for 
late model strictly stock auto- 
mobiles. 


Hockey at a Glance 
Results Feb. 17 


By the Assoctated Press 


National Learcue 
New York 3, Toronto 2. 


Montreal 3. Chicago 2 
Detroit 6, Boston 
American League 

Cleveland 3, Buffalo 2 
Rochester:>4 Springfield 0 
Hershey 6, Providence 

ee ae League 
Fort Wayne 2 
Indianapolis 3 
Huntington 2 


Toledo ] 
Cincinnati. 6 
Eastern League 
Johnstown 7. Washington 4 
Philadelphia 6 New Haven 3 


Results Feb. 16 


National League 
mn cago 6 Boston 5 
New York 2. Montreal 1 
Det roit 3. Toronto ;: 

American League 
Cleveland 5. Buffalo 4 
Rochester 2. Providence 1 
Hershey 7. Springfield 6 

International League 

Cincinnati *, Fort Wayne ] 
Indianapolis 5. Troy 3 
Huntington 4. Toledo 3 

Eastern League 
snecews 8. Charlotte 5. 
New Haven 6, Clinton 5 revertime), 
Philadeiphia 5, Washington 4 


National Hockey League 
(Games of Feb. 17) 
By the Associated Press 
j Ww 
Detroit . 32 
Montreal . 


|New York 
| Toronto 
| Chicago 


MANCHESTER, N. BH. 


ncheen 
m, , Cold Orinks 
| Closed Sunday: mets further motice 


160-mile | 


~Delany-in-the--New- York “Ath= 


letic Club games, Feb. 16. 

“I experimented against De- | 
lany,” said the former Villanova | 
star, “and I found that my judg- 
ment was wrong. I just couldn’t 


‘go any faster. But there's noth- | 


| 
' 


} 


ing like learning.” 


| 


fie Associated Press 


appears to be getting used to the 
boards 

Until the NYAC meet, he had 
drawn a blank in four outings 
on boards: But he won the two- 
mile in a fast 8:53.4, and may be 


ta-problem..to Delany. 


Saturday's race was billed as; 


a struggle of the behemoths of 
the mile. In -one- corner was 
Delany, the Olympic 1,500-meter 


‘champion who had beaten off 


every challenge to his indoor 
mile supremacy as though his 
opponents were so many flies. 

Battle Never Developed 

In the other corner 
Dwyer, a soon-to-be (he says) 
member the four-minute- 
mile club who hadn't met De- 
lany since Ronnie ran a 3:59 
eight furlongs last spring in the 
Compton Relays. Dwyer was 
third in that one. 

But the big battle never de- 
veloped. Delany treated Dwye! 
with the same scorn he has dealt 
all his other rivals. When he 
was ready to open up, he moved 
into the lead, trailed by Dwyer. 


was 


of 


Arnie. Sowell continued his 
'victories over Tom Courtney, 
‘beating the big Olympic 800- 
meter champion in a 1:50.7 half- 
mile. His margin was about: 10 
yards and he won going away. 
He now has whipped Courtney 
nine times in a row on boards. 

Other winners included Wil- 


lie Williams of the Army in the 
| 60-yard dash (6.2), Lee Calhoun 
of North Carolina College in the 


But Fred couldn't keep up and | 
‘at the end Ronnie was gaining | 
with every stride. He hit the 


tape in 4:06.8. 


“I plan to change my strategy | 


this week in the National AAU 
ling what T int but I’m not say- 
bes A what I intend to do,” Dwyer 


Other Winners 
The AAU mile will bring to- 
3' gether Delany, Dwyer, 
Laszlo Tabori, who didn’t return 
to his native Hungary after the 


Olympics. Tabori like Delany, is | 


: 
i 


a member in good standing of 
the four-minute-mile club and 


\CELTICS..} 


oo vO 


: 


: 


60-yard hurdles (7.1), 
Jenkins of Villanova in the 500 
(57 flat), Bob Richards of Los 
Angeles in the pole vault (15-4), 
Parry O’Brien of the Air Force 
in the shot put. (59-7%), and 
Phil Reavis of Villanova in the 
high jump (6- asisadorse 


— — 


( PER acl cthall 


Weekend Results 
By the As ed Press 


ociat 


Fast 
Duquesne &¢ 
Fordham -76. Niagara 7 
New York Univ. 94. Boston College 68 
Colgate 84 Syracuse 83 ‘2 overtimes! 
Dartmouth 63  ereaaen 56 
Pitt 79. Navy 

5 Hall 99. ee 

ton’ 91 ‘overtime? 

Holy Cross 99. St. Francis ‘Bkiyn! 86 
Manhattan 72. Army 70 ‘(3 overtimes) 
Harvard 70. Princeton 55 
Yale 75. Cornet! 56 
Richmond 65. Villanova 64 
Penn State 80. West Virginia 65 
St. Bonaventure 57. Canisius 48 
Iona 76. Lemovyil®e (NY) 172 
Connecticut 88, Rhode Island 7 
St. Peter's (NJ) 110. Hillver “o 
Boston Univ 60. Colby 43 


NBA Pro Basketball 
By the Associated Press 
Eastern Division 


LaSalle 87 


(Washing- 


and ‘Boston 


Philadelphia 
New York 


Syracuse 


Western 
Fort Wayne 
St Louis 
Rochester 


Minneapolis 


Results Feb. 
Svracuse 116. Boston 106 
Fort Wavrne 164. Rochester &5 
St. Louis 118. Minneapolis 115 ‘over- | 


time? 

Philadelphia 123. New York i115. 
Results Feb. 14 

New York 120. Minneapolis 113. 

Fort Wayne 87, Rochester 84. 


Himiting -a- member + 


Byers said there would be | 
these ap-.| 


District 1, | 
2, | 
would operate | 
district. under the TV, 


if the plan | 


is approved the television com- | 
next | 


Kane of Cornell | 
the | 


Charlie | 


-Purzled U S| 
Not to Play 


By the Associated Press 
Moscow 
A Soviet official said Soviet 


Amateur Hockey Championships 
opening here Feb. 24. 
“It is incomprehensible to us,’ 

| Nikolai V. Simashko, head of the 
| Soviet hockey committee, told a 
press conference. “Especially | 
since: the U.S. team is touring | 
Europe and is playing games 
close to the Soviet Union.” 


Boston, Mass., signed by Walter 
Brown, president of the Amer- 
ican Amateur Ice Hockey Fed- 
eration. It read: “Regret that 
United States State Department 
advises they will not grant our | 
team visas to enter Russia. to | 
compete in the World Hockey 
Championships. Sorry. Regards.” 
Brown Confirms 


(In Boston, Brown confirmed 
he had sent the telegram. He 
said everything was set for the 
team to compéte but “then came 
the Hungarian trouble and Mat- 
ley (Jack Matley, U.S. team 
manager) was informed that no 
Visas would be granted.” 

(In Washington, State De- 
partment officials said there is 
no passport barrier on travel to 
Russia and -that~-no--bar- was 
raised against the U.S. players 
going there. However, 
partment said, the players were 
told that the feeling among 
European hockey players was 
against going to the champion- 
ships and the question was one 
of making it appear that the 
United States was more friendly 
to Russia than to our European 
allies. A department spokesman 
said that the U.S. players them- 
selves then decided against 
going... 


U.S. Expenses 

| (The expenses of the US. 
team on its tour is partly_borne | 
by the State Department out of 
its international educational ex- 
change funds and the depart- 
ment advised the team it did 
not want to spend money on 
sending a team to Russia. 

(Early, in December, when 
the U.S. team was training at 
Brunswick, Maine, team officials 
said the State Department had 
‘advised them the 
considered this to be a poor time 
for any visit to Russia. 

(The U.S. team currently is 
in West Germany and is sched- | 
uled to play 12 matches in 
‘Sweden from Feb. 17 through 
March 13. The championships in 
Moscow end March 5.). 


College Hockey 


Results Feb. 16 


Norwich 1! AIC 2 
Michigan 4 W epee 1. 
. MIT 
4. Memilten 1. 

ss. 5. Bowdoin 2 
Williams 4. Colby 3. 
Yale 3, Princeton 2 
Harvard 8. Dartmouth 3 
St. Olaf 3, St. John's 2 
Clarkson 5, BC 0 


Results Feb, 17 
St. Lawrence 9. BC Y 


Be - 


sports fans are puzzled and Sur- | 
prised that the United States | 
will not compete in the World 


He showed a telegram from | 


the de-. 


department | 


| di 


ble: for eayons 
‘Involves Fight-T 


NBA Pro Roundup 


By the Associated Press 


| The eight-team scramble for 
six National Basketball Associ- 
ation playoff slots today ca- 
reened into its final month— 


tually assured a _ postseason 


sists and grabbed 


with only the Boston Celtics vir- | 


berth, And the Celts, Eastern Di-. 


_| Vision leaders, 
ping lately. 

| The Celtics, winners of 37 
a games;.are. the lone team 


have been slip-. 


assured of a better than .500 | 
| séason. Each NBA club plays 72 | 


games during the season which 
‘ends March | 13. Philadelphia, 
next best winner, has 32 victo- 
| ries to place second in the East 


| The Syracuse Nationals tight- | 


|ened the race for the final play- 
|off position in the Eastern Di- 
vision Feb. 17 beating Boston | 
116-106 with a fourth-period | 
rush, 

Third-Place Tie 

| The Nats moved into a virtual 
| third-place tie with the New 
York Knickerbockers, who lost 
'both their coach and a 123-115 
game to Philadelphia. The 
-Knicks held third alone Feb. 
after whipping Minneapolis 120- 
112 in a televised game. 

In the Western Division Feb. 
17, Fort Wayne whipped Roches- 
ter 104-85 to take a two and a 
half game division lead. The Pis- 
tons nicked the Royals 87-84 
_Saturday, Feb. 16. 

St. Louis pulled a game and a 
half ahead of Rochester, going 
into a popcorn-pelted overtime 
to down Minneapolis 118-115. 


each .scored~ 25 


' 


Dolph Schayes, playing the 
entire 48 minutes for Syracuse 
scored 28 points made seven as- 
18 rebounds 
as keystone of the Nat's victory, 
New York leads Syracuse by 
.0003 percentage points. The Cele 
tics dropped their fifth in seven 
games. 

Knick coach Vince Boryla 
wasn’t around to watch a sec- 
ond half Knick rally fall short 
in Philadelphia. He disputed a 
technical foul called when he 

rotested a decision. Referee Jim 
Duffy banished him at four min- 
utes, 12 seconds of the first quar- 


Knick Rally . 
Paul Arizin and Joe Graboski 
points. for the 
Warriors. Jim Baechtold scored 
15 of his 20 points during a last 


.| ter. 


half Knick rally which carried 


them within two points of the 
Warriors at 110-108. They had 


been trailing 65-43 at the half. 


16° 


A dispute over the number of 
free throws awarded Hawk Sla- 
ter Martin started the crowd 
tossing popcorn With six sece 
onds remaining at Minneapolis, 
Nine players left the game on 
personal fouls as Ed Macauley 
scored 36 points to pace St, 
Louis. . 

George 


Yardley 
Wayne 


scorers with 


led 
22 points 


_ against Rochestet.. The Pistons 


are the lone westérn team above 
.500 with a 29-28 record. Jack. 
Twyman scored 26 points for 
Rochester. 


NHL Positions Undecided 


Pro Hockey Roundup 


By the Associated Press 


With the Detroit Red Wings , Rangers’ first regular season vice 


;Moving into a commanding lead | boa on Montreal ice since Jan, 


‘atop the National 


| Leagiiée, interest now 
‘the struggles for 
fourth places. 

The Montreal Canadiens, who 
posted their first victory in eight 
games when they shaded the 
Chicago Black Hawks 3-2 Feb 
17, and the Boston Bruins, vic- 
tims of a “lost” weekend, are 
Waging the battle for second 
place. 

Montreal, despite its recent in- 
effectiveness, holds a two-point 
advantage _over--Boston, 
i\lost 6-5 to Chicago Saturday in 


centers in 
second and 


Hockey | The New. Yorkers edged Teronto 


Detroit Saturday. 


which. 


,a nationally televised game and) 


also bowed to Detroit 6-2 Sun- 
day. 

The Canadiens; in turn, trail 
the Red Wings by eight points. 

Ratigers-Hawks 

“The New York Rangers and 
the Toronte.Maple.Leafs.are.-the 
combatants for fourth place and 
the final Stanley 
berth. The Rangers pulled three 
points ahead of. the Leafs by 
‘winning two games over the 
+ weekend while Toronto was los- | 
|ing twice. 


» 1954—a span of 2’ games. 
3-2 last night after the 


Leafs 
had dropped a 3-! 


verdict to 
Toronto's de- 
feat assured the Wings of a 


playoff spot for the 19th straight 
season. 


Gordie Howe, the league's 
leading scorer, and Billy Dea 
clicked for a pair of goals in 


Detroit's victory over Boston 
Sunday, 


Full House 
Montreal and New York both 
overcame 2-1 deficits for their 
victories Sunday. Maurice (The 
Rocket) Richard and Floyd 
Curry produced secund-period 
goals for the Canadiens’ mar- 


‘gin-of-triumph 6ver the” Black” 


Hawks before 14,189 persons— 


Chicago's largest hockey crowd 
‘since March 1953. 


Cup playoff | 


The Rangers treated a capacity 
throng of 15,925 home fans to a 


come-from- behind thriller over 


the Leafs. After Danny Lewicki 
|Sained the equalizer in the third 
period, Dean Prentice delivered 


New York nipped the Cana- | the tie-breaker with less than . 
ens 2-1 Saturday night for the ‘six minutes left. 


By Millicent J. Taylor 


Educction Editor o/; . 
The Christian Science Monitor 


Atlantic City 
The Educational Policies 
Commission told the nation’s 
schoo! administrators assembled 
here that in solving the urgent 


problems of higher education 
the highest priority should be 
given to raising the salaries ol 
college teachers immediately 
and substantially with an in- 
crease of from 75 to 100 per 
cent within the coming decade. 

Unless this is done, deteriora- 
tion in faculty quality will be 
severely _felt_not.only 


all of industry and culture and 
public service where the prod-_| 
ucts of higher education are in | 
(demand, was the warning. 
“Competent faculties are the 
critical factor in all planning for | 
higher education's future,” the | 


ischoolmen were told. “All other | 


expenditures for higher educa- | 
ition are in vain if the quality | 
of faculties is allowed to de- | 
teriorate. 

“Yet the 


salary situation, 


| worsening through every decade | 


.of this century and now aggra- 
vated by sharp competition for 


‘trained talent in all aspects of | 


the national! life, is the greatest 
single handicap to the mainten- 
ance and expansion of a worthy 
program of higher education.” 
NEA Unit Convention 

The report from the EPC of 
the National Education Asso- 
ciation highlighted the first full 
day of the 83d annual conven- 
tion of the American Association 
of School Administrators, a 
major section of the NEA. 

G. Kerry Smith, executive 
secretary of the NEA’s Associa- 
tion for Higher Education, pre- 
‘sented the report, which will 


soon be published in book form | 


titled “Higher Education 
Decade of Decision.” 

| Representing more than three | 
| years of intensive study, it deals | 
with immediate and long-range 
‘| problems of higher education in 
the face of mounting enroll- 
iments and points out dangers. 


“and.solutions. 
| with Erbam B. 


| The ZEPrc, 
Wells, president of Indiana 
as | 


University currently servin 
is made up of school 


in a 


chairman. 
administrators and faculty at all 
levels of education from all 
‘parts of the nation. 
‘Who Will Teach’? Asked 

While many aspects of higher 
education are discussed, the 
commission reiterates that the 
question “who will teach?”—/| 
subject of one of the chapters | 
a the most urgent. Unless an 


within | 
»-eolHeges: and: universities -but in 


‘ity of higher education is in 


|grave danger. 


ithere must be academic 
dom (“all of society has 
responsibility for maintaining 
it’) and a greater respect for 
the intellectual life. Colleges 
and universities themselves 
must take more initiative in 
preparing students for college 
teaching careers, but there must 
be stronger support, too, by and 
from the public, it was brought 
out, 

Teacher Training Questioned 

On the same program Ear! J. 
McGrath, in describing the work 
of: the Institute . of 
| Education, ..Teachers 
Columbia University, in turn- 
‘ing out people qualified 
‘evaluate and study higher edu- 
-eation, questioned the existing 
pattern of educating the college 
teacher. 


to | play in providing continuing 
| = for education,” 
‘sai 


Higher. 
College, ) 


College Salaries: Vital to U.S,- 


come from many 


people, 


ny | agencies, institutions, and levels 
In addition to higher salaries | 


free- | 
the . 


of government.’ 

This informed activity, he said, 
is hoped..for..as-a—result of the : 
regional workshops and confer- 
ences the committee has planned 
for around the nation. The idea 
is to start a chain reattion 
among school people and lay 
citizens to help solve the prob- 
lems and meet the tremendous 
challenges faced by all kinds of 
institutions offering work be- 
yond the high school. 

Further, the schools them- 
selves, comprising public and 
private two-year and four-year 
colleges and universities, teche _ 
nical institutes..adulteducetion —- 
programs, schools of commerce, 
art, and music, trade schools and 
all the rest, also “have parts to 


“he 


‘and they should plan to- 


| gether more than they are ac- 


through the conventional Ph.D. | 


process?” he asked. “Must they 


be thorough! acti in the ; 
' oroughly practiced in she! sufficient either for the peopie’s 


,art of research and equally 
practiced in the art of teaching, 
as at present, to succeed in 
| college teaching?” 

Dr. Smith on this _ point 
quoted the EPC report as com- 
menting: “Present doctoral! pro- 
grams rarely prepare prospec- 
tive teachers adequately for 
their teaching duties or for 
membership in the college com- 
munity.” He defended, on the 
other hand, the “ivory tower,’ 
Saying “studies are evidencing 
that thoughtfulness at abstract 
levels has utility even in imme- 
diate upgrading of the economy. 

“Higher education is _  inti- 
mately interrelated with the 
whole of the American educa- 
tional enterprise,” Dr. Smith 
said in conclusion, quoting from 
the report. “It rests upon a 
, foundation of the American 
| school system; it is the expres- 
sion of the cultural ideas which 
_shape all the national life; it is 
influenced..by..available .oppor- 
tunities for continuing adult 
education. The whole range and 

character of American educa- 
tion, varied and vast and 
dynamic, need to be -borne in ' 
mind as one considers the 
specific problems and potentiali- 
ties of higher education.” 

All Levels Involved 

In this vein, and urging com- 
munity interest and support, 
Elvis J. Stahr, Jr., executive di- 


mittee on Education Beyond the 
High School, in discussing the 
committee's -findings to date, 
stressed that action to maintain 


jin the years ahead, 


'customed to doing.” 
“Is it necessary to put them. ng. 


Not Enough Education 


He pointed out that present 
educational resources are not 


needs or for the nation’s needs 
, and that “it 


is imperative for the nation to 


have the kind of citizens and the 
quality of manpower that a self- 
governing complex, technologi- 
cal, rapidly developing society 


‘needs to survive, to be healthy, 


| profit 


to be en!) ightened, to be cultured, 
to be prosperous. 

On the one hand the need 
for common labor is steadily de- 
clining and on the other the 
need and hence the career on- 
portunities for men and women 
in fields requiring more than 12 
years of formal schooling are 
steadily growing. This challenge, 
he said, must be the concern 
of school people and lay citizens 
of every community. All must 
make sure that those who can 
from continued formal 
education beyond the high 


school will find the doors open 


‘must be maintained 


to them. 

“Inside those doors, quality 
and im- 
proved in the teeth of and for 
the sake of mounting enroll- 
ments ... but let us work toe 
gether,” he said, “so that when 


\we talk to our boys and girls of 


“| 


any age or family background 
about the educational oppor~ 
tunities that lie ahead of 5 
these - opportunities will be 
there, will be available to them, 
and will be worthy of the great- 


est, wealthiest nation in the his- 
mtory of the werld.” 
rector of the President's Com-— 


and workshop groups dea 


The ~ corivention continues 
through Feb. 20 with general 
sessions and some 65 d on 


Fort” 


THis, THURS. AFT.—2: 15 : with all sorts of administrating 
[Boston canoen | 


and teaching problems of 
found une qual-ier education of all sorts ‘ ‘aust | education. 


oe a. Marflower Luncheon 


‘Tuesday's Schedule 
Boston at New York. 


achers sg og of top quality | and improve the quality of high- | 
Fort Wayne at \tea 


ers can be 


CISL LS. A ORR TE RE 


eee ae & 
lve Beis Dateien eal 
Se: eels citar aes atest a” Chea eS 


a 


| . P nae 
\ A ae ye - 1 oe 
++ ot err e me op ee mye eo ripe 
teu 7% r » a. a iy + 
iy ie ao 2 ey ee ee BM oe 
a % as : spony 
ee a aa Sen ne ee reser, baemenane 
a ~ P) - wi ~ rf . a A 
. . 
: ical 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, 


ar - 


‘ Oden pantinnes 7 Gyr. — . < . 


| Ag 29 3 een, Caw. 


Yale University News Bureau 


053, 
~ 


Alamo Letters at Yale Library 
The Streeter Texas Collection, just acquired by the Yale 
University Library, includes several of the last letters written 
from the Alamo in the days just before the Texas garrison there 
was ‘massacred by Mexican Army troops. Probably the most 


notable (and frequently misquoted) is the above appeal by 
William B. Travis, commander of the Alamo garrison, addressed 
to the citizens of Gonzales, Texas. The note, written on Feb. 23, 
1836, just 11 days before the Alamo fell, says: “The enemy in 


large force is in sight. 


-., We want men and provisions. 


... Send 


them to us. ... We have 150 men and are determined to defend 
this Alamo.to-the.last..Give us assistance.” 


— 


‘split 


By Edgar M. Mills 
Ne England PoUticel-Correepondent of} THe Ohrictian Science Monon ~ 


Massachusetts Republican 
leaders tonight are kicking off 
their drive for a 1958 comeback. 

Amid prospects which are far 
from bright. with party coffers 
bare and GOP legislative forces 
by. intraparty dissension, 
the Replhblican State Committee 


is meeting at the Parker House, 


where Charles Gibbons of Stone- 
ham, committee chairman, is due 


t6 trot Out a plan for revitalizing” 


the party organization. 

John Ames of Easton. is due 
to be .elected .chairman_of the 
Republican State Finance Com- 
mittee to succeed Lloyd S. War- 
ing of Melrose. The post is a 
key one in the party drive to 
recover from its 1956 State level 
election lickings. | 

Finances constitute a\ big 
party. problem. At. present the 


coffers are so bare that there is | 


not enough money available to 
run the state committee offices 
at full tilt and in GOP political 
operations the state committee 
has always been a major force. 
Fund Drive Scheduled 

Thus, a party fund drive will 
be one of the-first planks on the 
Gibbons campaign planning, it 


is understood, 


He is also proposing to ex- 
pand organizational -activities 
at the local level, including 
much greater activity among 
young people and among 
women’s groups, as part of the 
stepped-up effort to broaden 


Bay State GOP Fires | 
First Round for °58} 


\ 


the party’s base for the 1958 
campaign. 

Apart from the strictly or- 
ganizational phase of the party 
setup, observers point up divi- 
sions within the GOP fortes on 
Beacon Hill as one of' the big 
problems facing Mr. Gibbons 
and his forces. 

In the Senate, the split 
which developed when Senator 
Newland H. Holmes (R) of 
Weymouth was elected Senate 
president by a Democratic-Re- 
publican coalition still continues. 
Reverberations of this schism 
were felt last week when Sen- 
ator Leslie B. Cutler (R) of 
Needham succeeded in gaining 
a supporting vote placing 
the Senate journal announce- 
ment of her continued refusal 


chairmanship of the aeronautics 


and public welfare committees. 
House Rift Concealed 


presidency 


, 
bs 
—* 
pa 
5 


pt Se 


BOSTON, 
' eh .’ oa % ae" is 


mPa 
Se 4 


se A 
hy 


Crt ’ 
e giles ete 


baa S 


a ak HS le fa 
oil tins 


eae 


: , 
DN Pes 
ee 


i 
+ as 


- S ' z , : ; 
tee ait x R pte Page eA ad. ik Pe 9 
ere ee oe he ae ‘ ne ji ’ ms ‘ Om at: A pay els Pe a % " 


_ 
r 
Co ei 


Sb. 


“ As 


$15-Million Research and Development Center for 
Ground preparation will begin on Feb. 18 on a 100-acre site 


along Route 129, and aboveground construction, scheduled to 


begin about April 1, will be done by the Aberthaw Construction 


far. 


in | critical of his operations thus 


| They contend he has done lit- 
to accept appointment to the | tle to bring the party together. 


; 


'understood, has 
| regularly for the purpose of) 

The appointments were made | developing a legislative program 
by Senator Holmes. Mrs. Cutler | for which to fight all out at the 
had supported for the Senate | strategic time. This same group 


The anti-Giles group, 


it is? 


been meeting | 


Senator Philip A. | may also be active later in seek- 


Graham (R) of Hamilton, who | ing out candidates to run for the 
was the choice of two-thirds of | House in the 1958 primaries. 


the GOP caucus for the post. 

In the House, where the GOP 
is in the -minority by a 131 to 
108 margin, the party split is 
less prominent at the moment, 
but it is still there. 

Republican Representatives 
who had opposed the election of 
Representative Frank S. Giles, 
Jr., (R) of Methuen as minority 
leader are still opposed to Mr. 
Giles 


Bay State Weighs Capital Penalty Bills 


By Laura Haddock 


Stal Writer of 
The Christian Science Monitor 


The question of abolition of 
the capital punishment penalty 
in Massachusetts—a controversy 


that at any time canbe counted | 


upon to provoke animated argu- 
ment — currently is receiving 
more attention than usual. 


Several bills are before the | 


Legislature on the subject. One 
calls for a five-year moratorium 
to see how the idea works. An- 
other calls for a study by a leg- 
islative commission to deter- 
mine which is better: complete 
abolition or modified application 
of the penalty. Still another bill 
would put the question up to the 
people by direct referendum. 

A fourth bill would abolish 
the capital penalty for murder, 
except in cases where the crim- 
inal commits murder while in 
prison for a prior felony. 

Hearing Due 

A public hearing will be held 
on these bills before the Legis- 
_jative Committee..onthe..Judi- 
ciary, but as yet the date has 
not been set. However, in the 
meantime those fighting for abo- 
lition are picking up where they 
left off last year, with the al- 
ways recurring hope that this 
year will bring some degree of 
Victory. 


‘setts Council 
-the Death Penalty, 


| association 


Abolition Backing Mounts— 


gle is, of course, the Massachu- | 


for Abolition of 


Herbert B. Ehrmann at its head. 
Mrs.’ Ehrmanrin’s husband was a 
defense lawyer in the Sacco- 
Vanzetti case. 


seek the abolition of capital 
punishment. In Massachusetts 
the list of those supporting pass- 
age of one or more of the abo- 
lition bills larger this year 
than ever, including the United 
Prison Association which until 
now had taken no open stand 
on the subject. 


1s 


Change Opposed 

The Massachusetts Chiefs of 
Police Association is recorded 
this year, as in many years past, 
as favoring the retention of the 
capital punishment penalty. The 
considers the pen- 
alty’s @€xisténce on the statute 
books as having a deterrent ef- 
fect. 

In 1947 the Legislature passed 
a bill which slightly modified the 


with Mrs. | 


protested that if the bars were 
let down, even in the 


on the community. Yet figures 
show that murders have de- 
creased slightly in Massachusetts 


since that time: 54 were com- 
J VLearly.all modern .penologists.. 


application of the capita} punish=— 


ment penalty. making it possible 
for a jury to recommend life 
imprisonment on a first-degree 
murder conviction. At that time. 


>the Chiefs of Police Association 


In the forefront of the strug- and other opponents of the move 


: 
> ee 4 uN 
PIRES 


New ALCOA Sales 

Architect's drawing of the modern two-story 

___ building to be. constructed in Waltham, Mass., 
. fer. the: Alamindn.-Company:-of.. America. Ex-. | 

tetior of the district office will be a combina- 


mitted.in 1947, 41 in 1955... 

Mrs. Ehrmann said today she 
would not say that capital pun- 
ishment had no deterrent effect 
whatever. “You cannot say that, 
because we have no real way of 
knowing,’ she explained, “but I 
do say that it certainly has no 
greater deterrent effect than 
life imprisonment.” 

Yet even with the law on the 
statute books, Massachusetts 
has gone 10 years now without 
its having been applied; and 
one. of the arguments of those 


least, | 
murderers would be turned loose | 


who favor abolishing the pen-— 


alty is that if we don’t intend 
te use the law we should repeal 
it. 

Abolished in Six States 

Six other states have abol- 
ished the capital ‘punishment 
penality:-Rhode Isiand;- Maine, 
Wisconsin, Michigan, Minnesota, 
and North Dakota. 

Two bills that call for a ref- 
erendum are before the Mas- 
sachusetts Legislature. One 
would ask the -question, “Shall 


on Route 128. 


_ 


a 


Office for Waltham 

tion of dark green aluminum curtain wal 
panels and New England 
bathing wih ecctpy’* 


granite, The new 
five -acre ‘site fronting 


Which would abolish the death SerisHiRe COUNTY UMASS) Lake} 


Delightful 
Restored 


*habiiitation 
/mere punishment: the two can- 


capital punishment be abol-/' 


ished?” 
this “an 
other, 


Mrs. Ehrmann 
honest - bill.’ 


terms 
The 


filed by Attorney Gen-' 


More Vigor Sought 
They are highly 


concerned 


over the party’s failure to de- 
velop more young, vigorous can- 
didates for higher office from the 
legislative ranks. 


Yet two of 
statewide nomi 
lative-bred, 


former 


Ce 


1956 GOP 


s were legis- 


Lt 


_... zOV. 


Sumner G. Whittier, the nomi- 
nee for Governor, and Mr. Gib- 


rant. They 


and have been. quietly.,ons-teutenant governor aspi- 
were 


beat 


en by 


| Democratic legislative products, 
Governor Furcolo, a former Rep- 


Aveo Manufacturing Corporation, Wilmington, Mass. 


Company, a subsidiary of Cabot, Cabot & Forbes of Boston, 
developers of the site. The center is expected to be in fall 


operation by mid-1958. 


resentative in Congress, and Lt. 
Gov. Robert F. Murphy of Mal- 
den, former State Representa- 
tive. 

Many observers believe legis- 
lative service is the strongest 
ladder toward the governor- 
ship. Their belief is strengthened 
by a recent survey made by 
Richard D. Grant, in his Ameri- 
can Public Service Bureau pub- 
lication. 


In his latest bulletin he re- 


‘ported on a survey going back 


to 1890, undertaken to determine 
the best springboard to the -top. 


Steps to Leadership 


“T found it tobe legislative 
service, either on Beacon Hill 
or in Congress,” he said. “Begin- 
ning with Gov. John Q. A. Brac- 
kett in 1890,.a-total.of 17 former 
lawmakers have been elected 
governor. some of whom (Green- 


‘halge, McCall, Curley, Hurley) 


had -prior -legistative service in 
both state and national branches 


Three (Foss, Fuller, Furcolo) 


‘Saltonstall, 


had heen Congressmen: 10 
(Brackett, Wolcott, Bates, Doug- 
las, Calvin Coolidge, Cox, Allen. 
Tobin, Dever) had 
been state legislators but not 
congressmen. 

“The list of lieutenant gov- 
ernors who made it is impres- 
sive up to 1928 (Brackett, Wol- 
cott, Crane, Bates, Guild, 
Draper, _Walsh, Cal Coolidge, 
Cox, Fuller, Allen) but stops 
abruptly at that point, with the 
single exception of Bradford in 
1946. 

“But tie this’ if you~ can— 
only four governors have been 
promoted to the United States 
Senate in the last 150 years and 
only two (Walsh, Saltonstall!) in 
the last 50 years.” 


Sweden Attracts Immigrants 

Since the end of Wor!d War II. 
Sweden has become an immi- 
grant country. About 75,000 for- 
eigners have become Swedish 
citizens since that time. 


Rabbi 


New York Pastor 
And Rabbi Speak 


At Masonic Dinner 


“Brotherhood, the Hope of the 
World,” was the theme of the 
monthly communication ot Tem- 
ple Lodge, AF&AM in the Bos- 
ton Masonic Temple last week, 
with Dr. Jesse William Stitt and 
Irving J. Block of New 
York the guest speakers. 

Dr. Stitt has served as the 
minister of the Village Presby- 
terian Church in New York since 
1939 while Rabbi Block is the 
founder of the - Brotherhood 
Synagogue, incorporated in June 
of 1954. , 

Both congregations meet and 
worship under one roof and 
make up what is knewn as the 
Brotherhood Council. 


| 


CLASSIFIED 


| 
| 


AGENTS WANTED 


eral George Fingold and Dis- | MEN, WOMEN—Make Money Spare Time 


trict Attorney Stephen A. Moyn- 
ahan of Springfield who was 


| prosecutor in the Chapin mur- 


der case, asks, “Shall capital 
punishment be retained?” 

Since the tendency of the-pub- 
lic is to vote “yes” on referenda 
of all kinds, observers say this 
form of the question would be 
a fatal blow to this year’s ef- 


capital punishment penalty. 
According to Cohasset Police 
Chief Hector Pelletier, secre- 
tary-treasurer of the Massachu- 
setts Chiefs of Police Associa- 


Moynahan’s referendum bill. 


Wants View Clarified 
“We want the public to decide 
this thing one way or the other,” 
he. commented..‘\We. are.-oppes- 
ing, on the other hand. the bill 


penalty except for a prisoner 
who kills a guard, because we 
say, ‘Which more precious, 
the life of a prison guard or the 
life of your daughter? Who is 
prepared to say?’ ” 

Among penologists there’ are 
many who feel that the exist- 
ence on the statute books of the 
Capital punishment penalty ex- 


lS 


-érts a Kind of contagion of vio- 


lence, producing the result it in- 
tends to deter. In any event. 
they say, it runs exactly con- 
trary to the philosophy of re- 
as" “opposed | 


not exist side by side with an 


y 
consistency. 


| .Others point out that life im-. 
prisonment, 


while a stiff sen- 
tence, at least gives society the 
opportunity to” correct its” mis- 
take if it has made a mistake in 
finding a man guilty of murder. 


—— 


Cultural Pact Reported 
Between Moscow. Hano 


By Reuters A 
Hong Kong 
Communist Hanoi radio Kas 
reported that the Soviet Union 
and Communist North Vietnam 
have signed an agreement in 


|Hanoi_ to~further promote —eul- 
“tural rétations “be 
countries.’ 


tween the two| 
. fort 


ment 


plus New Car as Bonus for Encourage- 
Amazing hosiery Guarante® 
wear without holes. snags. and runs, or 


| replaced Free. For ¢xample. 


gauge nvions Guaranteed for as long as 
replaced Free 
1072 Wash... 


| 1% years 
Wilknit, 


or 


Greenfield. Ohio 


to 
lovely 60 
Write 


| REAL -ESTATE 


LELAND P. REEDER CO 
Beverly Hills’ Gidest Realtors 


0416 Sante Monica Rivd 
(Restview 6-6133 


forts toward abolition of the __ REAL ESTATE FOR SALE | 


Geveriv Hills. Catit 


"DORCHESTER, MASS, 


Neponset Section 


Well est 
bedroom 


S 


yA 

garage le enclose 
ihouse & child's pla 
minum storm & 
«x 
proved 


street nr 


G 


Vv 


screen 
rear screened porches 
St 


single 


landscaped 
tion, this group will support Mr, |Has a workable garden plot. garden t 


house 


Brendan 


Comb 
windows. 
All on an ap-!| 


| 


s Church 


‘oft -Gatitven Bivd. Handy to al! schools.' 


churches & super 


market . 


2 


biock to) 


MTA Rapid Transit Service and express 


highways. andy 


to all 


heac 


hes . This 


home has tust become available and had. 


only one owner 
cluded if desired 
Contact owner. 


Le 
Te 


country 
round home 
Oil heat 


lake wh 


colony Property 


ren 


Rt 


Write Box C-35., 
s 15, 
Westboro FO 6-5309 
— 
BAR HARBOR. MAINE 
near town 
completely 
One Norway Street. 


way St Boston 


Guest House 
9 baths. 

P-26 
Mass 


! 


ad} 


house 


lot in- 


Mayflower 9$-3589 | 


h 


includes 
ting $600 Develooment possibilities 
n additional camp sites if desired. Se. 

accessible 


summer 
N.E 


. acres. 
desirabie 
i ] 


on. bi 


23. Of 


Mass 


17 


season bu‘ 


Jurnished. . Box 
Boston 


or vear 


farmhouse | 
G.B disposal) unit 
white barn..35 


artesian | 
Neat... atm 
summer | 
cottages 


ack road 


One Nor- 
or phone 


rooms 


15. 


HOUSES FOR SALE 


BEAVERTON. ONTARIO 


~~. 40. miles. north of Toronto. 7. rooms....oil.}., 
to heated. Formerly Guest H 


able. 


ome 


Reason-| 
WA 3-3290. Toronto Ontario 


: 
~~ 


LINCOLN 
Youne family 
bedrm. house or 
Write to Box C 
Boston 15. Mass 


OR 


fe 


ls 
33. One Norway 


HOUSES WANTED | 


CONCORD. 


4 


children) 
t fl apt. 


MASS.— 
need 3) 
$100 Mo.} 
St.. i 


APARTMENTS WANTED _ 


LPL LLL Lele 


MANHATTAN—Cent 
fess 
phone bef 


lady wishes 2-rm 
8:30 a.m 


located. Young pro- 


apt. u 
"¢ 


TE 8-37 


96 «iN 


nfurn P} 


APARTMEN 


apt suitable 
utilities 


Tel 


mctuded 


Separate 


IVanhoe 4-7710 


$80 


TS UNFURNISHED | 
* BELMONT, MASS.—Small 5-rm 
for couple 


heated 
mo Aji 
entrance 


NORWELL, 
htd. GE cir h.w.: 
hw. GE range 
mo. TAvior 6-4370 


neai 


bath. 
te 


MASS.— 6 rooms in duplex: 
shower 


cont 


3. $100 


PAYING GUESTS 


CONCORD. N.H.—Crest 
348) Bridge: Street... Private: home. SPR fo: 


PP OP Pe 


View. Rest Home. 


cidlis grounds, good food, every com 
f 


8-8133 


Active elderly iadies..and nentie-, 
men welcome. Capital 


Explore new places 


If you feel the urge to explore 
new places, you'll find plenty of helpful travel 


} 


| Overcrowd 


More Training Centers 


ing in state schools 


|for the mentally retarded is an 


‘old problem 


| to 


Governor Furcolo 


in Massachusetts 
which could be eased by com- 
munity-sponsored training cen- 
ters for such children. 

John G. Fettinger, president 
of the Massachusetts Association 
for Retarded Children, made this 
comment following charges that 
Walter E. Fernzld School in 
Waltham has 400 more children 
than, it is designed to accommo- 
date, that buildings are an- 
tiquated and inadequate, and 
that heating systems dating back 
1890 are ineffective in ex- 
treme winter weather. 

Complaints were made to 
in a letter 


'from Paul L’Antigua, president 
(of the Fernald School Local 402, 
of the State, County, and Mu-. 
'nicipal Employees (AFL). 


Overcrowding Reported 


| Urged for Retarded Child 


By a Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


Pilot nursery training centers 
for preschool-age children and 
pilot vocational training classes 
for children of post-school age 
already have been set 
local units of the association. 

“The extension of these fa- 
cilities by communities through- 
out the commonwealth,” Mr. 
Fettinger says, “would result in 
tremendous savings because the 
cost involved in carrying on day 
programs in loca] areas is -only 
a traction of the cost of main- 
taining a retarded child in an 
institution.” 

Rights Emphasized 

Also, he adds, through these 
training centers many 
can be trained to the point 
where they can become gain- 
fully employed in industry or 
in sheltered workshops. 

These views are echoed by Dr. 


Malcolm J. Farrell, superinten- 
|dent of Fernald School. “We are 


persons : 


ROOMS FOR TOURISTS 


WASHINGTON, D C.. 1589 Eve St. N 
2.50 person. 
MEtropolitan 8-4393 


r 


Mrs.. 


Ww 
Fowler 


ROOMS TO LET 


3rd fioor. 
6-3389. 


Tel. 


BOSTON. MASS.—Large attractive room 
$10.00 a wk. 


KEnmore 


a ANTIQUES WANTED 


CASH o2ai0 


Market St 


antique 
china. dric-a-bdrac. ete 


furniture 
POS 


giase 
IAR. 58s 


Briehton Mase ST 2-7 46 


AUTOMOBILES FOR SALE 


up by 1956 FORD—Victoria coupe. blue and 


white. 600 miles. Private sale for $2000. 


TW 4-4874 (Mass 


’ 


BEDDING 


SUPREME BEDDING CO. 
Mattresses. boxe sprines remade mx by 


order 
TR 4-0660 


170 Amsterdam Avenue 


N 


FOR SALE MISCELLANEOUS 


en en 


RUSSIAN SABLE NECK PIECE—2 skins 


Perfect 
offer at 
‘Brookiine 


condition 
$350. Tel 
Mass.) 


Cost 


$627 


Will 


Homestead 9-9408. 


INSURANCE 


s 


lated Cos 


i700 K St 


WASHINGTON, D. C. —Wi)l giadiy cupplys 
information on any 
Dumont Beerbower. C. L. U. Aetna 

ME 8-37.39 


insurance need 


aff) 
NW 


JEWELERS 


SHRINE EMBLEMS _ 


Widmer’s of 31 West Street, Boston 
ee erence area 


HELP WANTED—MEN 


HELP WANTED—MEN 


= 


Y 


= 


at 


BALDWIN-LIMA-HAMILTON 
Electronics and tnstrumentation Div. 


Reseerch Perk——Route 128 ‘Winter St. Exit No. 42A) 
Waltham, Mess. 


THERE'S FREEDOM 
FROM BOREDOM AT BIH 
FOR ELECTRONIC AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERS 


Im research. development and design: : 
of Transducers, 
and testing machines 


Instrumentation 


i 


— 


—~ 


HELP WANTED-MEN, WOMEN 
Opening for — 

Advertising. 

Representative’ 

for 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 


Applications are invited from persons 
who can qualify for appointment as 
Advertising Representative for The 
Christian Science Monitor in Pitts- 
Lurgh, Pennsylvania. This opening 
presents a challenging opportunity 
tor a qualified woman or man, preter- 
ably a woman, who is free to give a 
considerable port of each week to 
calling on retail stores. 


Applicants should be members of a 
Christion Science Church in Pitts- 
burgh. Remuneration is on a straight 
commission basis. 


lf interested, please write for 
application form to Mr. Stephen 
Curtis, Manager of Advertising 
Representatives, The Christian 
Science Monitor, One Norway 
Street, Boston 15, Mass. 


— 
“TO START IMMEDIATELY—or in Sen- 


tember. English teacher who loves 
teaching. ioves to help develop younhe 
peopie and doesn't mind working 
achieve resuits Boarding Schoo! 
Connecticut."” Box C 26. 


St. Boston 15. Mase 


in 
One Norway 


SITUA 
CAPABLE MAN with life-tinie experience 
in fitting and showing purebred cattle 


Lo 


TIONS WANTED-MEN | 


HELP WANTED—WOMEN 
WANTED—COOK for tamiiyv of 3 
room Nursery Wing with 
tish nurse in charge one 
second child expected 
except 
Kitchen 
in country. 
$0n...@ppreci 


young Scot 
intant 
maintenance dining room 
Steady 
aie 
Transportation 

vided 
dential. 
Square, 


Nairn, o. 
Pa Phone Colony 


HOUSEPARENT 
Smali children’s institution 
University City. Nearby summer, 
recreational facilities 


1. 
68-8249 


No encumbrances 


minimum requirements cannot be et 

Begin $1.800 plus complete maintenance 
Director THE CHILDREN’S HOME 

BURLINGTON, VERMONT Tel. 


EARN WHILE YOU LEARN NURS 


1 and 2%-vr course NO AGE LIMIT 


Own 


and 
No housework 
and 
No serving New modern home 
position. for per. |i. 


ati Or home in gt My iat 
ar’ Chrle Tan Science Chetek 

pro- 
particulars—confi- 
Kennett 


in Vermont 
winter 


| Age 25-45 yrs High school eradtate with 


‘i}some college preferred. Do not apply if 


2-0391 


On-the-tob training under Christian Sci- 
ence nurses. Salary $720 frst vear pius 


full maint and | Security coverage 


TENACRE FOUNDATION, PRINCETON, NJ 


~ EXCELLENT 
OPPORTUNITY 


For young man between ages - 
of 25 and 35 in a fast grow- 
ing general insuraace agency. 
Prefer a man who has had ex- 
perience in the field or ina 
local agency and likes to pro- 
duce business. Good salary 
and a share in the profits and * 
privilege of becoming a part 
owner in near future, 


MERRILL & COMPANY 
120 Pipestone Street 
Benton Harbor, Michigan 


WOULD YOU LIKE 


to work in a five girl office? Nr 
Office Sa Boston wk. Paid 
surance Clerical 
typing. Salary 
2-8796 ‘Mass.) 
BOOKKEEPER 
Experienced for five-day 
live on campus Reply 
’ Intosh Davcroft School 
Connecticut 


Pos 
in 
Tel 


arranged LIb 


‘Bta mf{ord. 


’ 
& 


Shorthand and 
erty 


INTELLIGENT WOMAN All 
work in small women’s bus. to acti 
receptionist and een. ciean BU 868-9342 
N.Y¥-C 


around 


as 


BALTIMORE, MD. — Leving household 


help needed 2 days 
to assume complete charge 
and 5. Box X-~-4, 568 Sth Ave 


Children 
nN. ¥ 


_ 


wkiy. Must oe abie 


" 
o 


STOP 


Have you considered advertising 
in the Classified columns of 


RESEARCH PHYSICIST 
Solid state physics, surface chemistry, 
metallurgy, in Thin Films 


RESEARCH PHYSICIST 
Ferromagnetics in Thin Fiims 
_ Extensive Research Utilizing 
EVAPORATED ‘THIN 
FILMS — 
2 miles from ocean in greater 
FILM PRODUCTS 
DIVISION, 
Servomechanisms, Inc. 
316 Washington Street 
Li Segunde, California 


Attn: Rebert N. Reth 
Phone: ORegon 8-670! 


YACUUM 


ADVERTISING 
RADIO CITY -.- 4A AGENCY 


The Christion Science Monitor? 
From Chicago 
on advertiser writes: 
“You will be pleased to 
know that I have had 
excellent results adver- 


CisIO in the Monitor. ‘OLDER MAN. toolmaking production ex- 
I had three calls in fin 


perience. may opportunity with 
answer to the advertise- 


us. Specializing deep hole dr 
ment of my room for 


ing Magna Standard Mig 
Walker. or Mr  Swebilius, 
xe. refs. Box F-37, Qne Norway St... TOM, It. was only neces- 
_Boston 15, _ Mass. | sary to run the ad for 


Conn. TRinity -4-9541. 
SITUATIONS WANTED | one day. Many thanks.” 
WOMEN 


Gesires job as herd manager or wil! 
consider managing general livestock 
operation Richard Maurer Route i. 


Opportunity to Progress 
e IV Billing and Checking 
Head Biller 
© Typist—Invoice Processor 
@ Ofhce Assistant 


Send Résumé to Box X-3, 588 Fifth 
Ave.. New York 36. N. ¥ 


just beginning to recognize that MATTRESSES 

the retarded child has, as an | MATTRESSES MADE OVER 
oranda citizen, the same day servic, free ccotimete 
rights as do individuals without | ,,Tu=,BEA Lego 

this handicap,” he says. aor oe wr GA 1.0081 ee 


RB right to education is - 

being won in the Legislature. It | : 

is my fondest hope that this Crossword Quiz Answer 
S|C/RIE|AMEE SIL [E lw 


generation will also see the right | , 
to work recognized for the re-| [PILIE/A|STEMECIAIGIE(S| 
RIOS|TIEIRBBAIN GILIE|R 


Miami, Oklahoma. 


YOUNG BUSINESS MAN—Vacationing in| 
Europe, would be interested in render-| 
ing service while travelling. Leaving Los) 
Angeles, March 8. Maikiem iregory. | 
3855 West 7th St., Los Angeles 5, Calif.) 

i esemnemnentntnmementiemedl — 

/EUROPE—Experienced buyer, merchandise: 
manager, all general dept. store tines. 

— returned; wishes immediate) 

ition. Résumé on request. Box K-25, | 
Sth Ave.. New York 36. N. Y¥ 


ee me euman | 

ExP GARDENER wishes year round po-| 

sition for church. oe estate | 
° 


Co... Mise 
Milford, 


TO START EN SEPTEMBER—Man seek- 
ine opportunity for service—to teach 

i with athietic pe a 
Smal! boarding school in Cone 
One Norway. &t.. 


: : ; Mr. Fettinger points out that | 
informati be Ne | 
ation and ideas’ in _ conditions of overcrowding have 
partment of Menta] Health has. 
for some years included in its 
capital outlay budget sums for 
tarded individual as well as for | 
normal members of the com-  [alsleMBAlIISILIEMETIEIA 
> MEIPIElR|T) 
_ tion, comprised of Citizens inter-| ing, they are taxpayers. Many 
ested in the problem, is coop-|such adults live needlessly 
erating with state and municipal | wasted lives, he says. “These 


| been reported to the Legislature 
‘by the Governor’s Commission 
'to Study Facilities for Retarded | 
: | hildren, Also, he says, the De- 
\ 
INTERNATIONAL | 
| 
pee ete /construction of new facilities at 
— oe four state schools for men- 
tally retarded children. / munity.” | 3 
TRAVE | | SS U ‘a While eager to see state insti- | In an institution, Dr. Farrel] TIE |O'S: A 
tutions adequately equipped, continues, mentally retarded in- S/T }A) | 0: RIEIMIOIRIS IE 
. pa | Mr, Fettinger says his associa- dividuals are a tax drain. Work- hee 
COMING TUESDAY, MARCH 5 
agencies to establish community |lives are valuable. There is a 
programs to reduce the number | place for retarded individuals in 
of children who need institu-| society and there is a need for | 
_tional care. | them in industry.” 


Watch Also the Regular Hotel ond Trovel Pages 
on Tuesdays ond Fridays 


The Christien Science Monitor 
One Norwey “treet, Boston 15, Mass. 
| Please send me « free copy of the 
| booklet, “Clossified Advertising Brings 
Results.” 

Nome 
Street. 


a ee 
rO START IN SEPTEMBER—Young man 
to train into English Department and 
Mus have an 


for service Connecticut 
School, Box C-26. One Norway 
ton 15. Mass. ; 
N, PA,-—<Asst. supt.. rit. 
ee Church. 44-hr. wk.: pref 
@ pensioner, age no detérrent Box 
L-7. 2618 Lewis Tower. Philedeiphia 2 
» 


BABY NURSE AVAILABLE—New York 
¥. R Phone REgent (4-4786 


COMPANION -~ Refined, free to travel, 
driver's license, best references. Box | 
of SP, Phoenix. Arizona. ) 

' 


a = OER : 


EIRIOISMESILIYIEIS|T] 


— 
z = , t 


* -_. fa “ 
pats » ef 0 i white t Byyh 
ee sith HERE, niece irwatancye ls: eanmaneneel S5e08 2 ie se 
md . DPS a ne gos | 4 . s y! “3 : Fans ny ; 
KH A “ 7 * Coen Ne gran pode Sy 3 phere a? as ster Z ae Se «es iy a er ot Br ng a ay ECO cae ae? vy OOR g en ee ee ede Maal ee ry + es * ag. oe ‘ y eikey sol oT dite Mss Sts & ‘lb a ed Tee) . a 
~~ ee te ra ae dae . *y mie be a - 4 s bes ate’ fhe shy bee y wt te eis - . a en lid gered ¢ e. yi . = a $ . de a a - nas th - Be lt Bey Hoh ews ra ae ao} pee seem * ® ee ee eT . blatalad 
a 


\ 


eer Nore See 


St nhs pesca by Anwocated Press 


* Over-the-Counter Stocks 


oie nem “te , _ Week Ended Feb. 15, 1957 
co raty to the ariitztice pies: half of vessels of United States |: . bid and aiked Sasi sta 
Washington — and is a source of peat | registry, is prepared to exercise 
Followine is the text of an) ' potential danger because of the the right of free and innocent 
aide memoire, setting forth a \ presence there of so large a passag ssage and to. Join with others “ponght 
ay for —tarae’s withdrawal number 6f Arad Tettigees_BbOUt secure genera ‘ition of | 


:: me 


10 38% 38's 4 
3 62% 6 + Ye. 
oe FRG SHG! BIG oN 


“tindicated beat the “asked”) at ihe. time of compilation. 


680-22 
rigin ie any. “AdamsE2. 44e 13 v, | Merck 1 


from disputed Middle East areas. 
It was handed Israeli Ambassa- , 
dor Abba Eban on Feb. 11, by | 
Secretary of State John Foster 
Dulles. 

The United Nations General 
Assembly has sought specifically, 
vigorously, and almost tnani- 
mously, the prompt withdrawal 
from Egypt of the armed forces 
of Britain, France and Israel. 
Britain. and France have com- 
plied unconditionally. The forces 
of Israel have been withdrawn 
to a considerable extent, but 
still hold Egyptian territory. at 
Sharm el Sheikh at the en- 
trance of the Gutlf-of Aqaba: 
They also occupy: the Gaza strip 
which is territory. specified by 
the armistice arrangements to be 
occupied by Egypt. 

We understand that it is the 
position of Israeli that (1) it will 
evacuate its military forces from 
the Gaza strip provided Israel 
retains. the civil administration 
and police in some relationship 
to the United Nations and (2) 
it will withdraw from Sharm el 
Sheikh if continued freedom of 
passage through the straits is 
assured. 

Armistice Pact Cited 

With respect to (1) the Gaza 
strip — it is the view of the 
United States that the United 
Nations General Assembly has 
no authority to require of either 
Egypt or Israel a_ substantial 
modification of the armistice 
agreement, which, as noted, now 
gives Egypt the right and re- 
sponsibility of occupation. Ac- 
cordingly, we believe that Israel: 
withdrawal from Gaza should 
be. prompt .and. unconditional, 
leaving the future of the Gaza 
strip to be worked out through 
the efforts and good offices of 
the United Nations. 

We recognize that the area has 
been a source of armed infiltra- 
tion and reprisals back and forth 


Force, 


-grims on 


(200,000. Accordingly, we  be- 
lieve that the United Natioris 


'General Assembly and the Secre- . 
itary General should seek that 


the United Nations Emergency 
in the exercise of fits 
mission, move into this area and 
be on the bourdary vdetween 
Israel and the Gaza strip. 

The United States will use its 
best efforts to help to assure this 
result, which we believe is con- 


‘templated by the an resolu- 
tion of Feb. 2, 1957 


Internationai ‘Guten 
With respect to (2) the Gulf 
of Adaba and access thereto — 


‘the United States delieves- that 


the gulf comprehends  inter- 


‘national waters and that no 


nation has the right to prevent 


ifree and innocent passage in the 


guif and through the _ straits 
giving access thereto. We have 
in. mind not only...commercial! 
usage, but the passage of pil- 
religious missions, 
which should be fully respected. 

The United States recalls that 
on Jan. 28. 1950, the Egyptian 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs in- 
formed the United States that 


‘the Egyptian occupation of the 
two islands of Tiran and Sena- 


fir at the entrance of the Gulf of 
Aqaba was only to protect the 
islands themselves against pdos- 
sible damage or violation and 
that “this occupation being in 
no way conceived in a spirit of 
obstructing in any way innocent 
passage through the stretch of 
water separating these two 
islands from the Egyptian coast 
of Sinai, it follows that.this-pas- 
sage, the only practicable one, 


| will remain free as in the past, 


in conformity with international 
practice and recognized prin- 
ciples of the law of nations.” 

In the absence of some over- 
riding decision to the contrary, 
as by the International Court of 
Justice, the United States, on be- 


this right. 
Prior Withdrawal Expected 
It Ys. of course, clear that the 


enjoyment of a right of free and | 


innocent passage by Israel would 
depend upon its prior withdraw- 


‘al in accordance with the United 
‘Nations resolutions. The United 


States has no reason to assume 
that any littoral state would 
under these circumstances ob- 


struct the right of free and inno-. 
cent passage. 


The United States _ believes 


‘that the United Nations Genera! 


Assembly and the Secretary 
Géneral should, as a precaution- 
ary measure, seek that the Unit- 
ed Nations Emergency Force 
move into the straits area as the 
Israeli forces are withdrawn. 
This, again,- we believe to be 
within the contemplation of the 
second resolution of. Feb. 2, 
1957. 

3. “The United States observes 
that the recent resolutions of the 
United Nations General Assem- 
bly call not only for the prompt 
and unconditional withdrawal of 
Israel] behind the armistice lines 
but call for other measures. 

We believe, however, that the 
United Nations has properly es- 
tablished an order of events and 
an order of urgency and that the 
first requirement is that forces 
of. invasion and _ occupation 
should withdraw. 

The United States is prepared 
publicly to declare that it will 
use its influence, in concert with 
other. United Nations members. 
to the end that following Israel's 
withdrawal, these other meas- 
urés will be iiiplemented. 

We believe that our views and 
purposes in this respect’ are 
shared by many other nations 
and that a tranquil future for 
Israel. is best assured by reli- 
ance upon that fact, rather than 
by an occupation in defiance of 
the overwhelming judgment of 
the world community, 


Israel Note to U.S. Bared 


By the Associated Press 
Washington 


cerpts from an aide memoire 
handed Secretary of State John 
Foster Dulles by the Israeli Am- 
bassador Abba Eban on Friday, 
Feb. 15. The Embassy said the 
excerpts constitute approxi- 
mately 95 per cent of the com- 
plete document handed Mr. 
Dulles with some technical de- 
tails omitted: 

The Government of Israel 
deeply appreciates the sympa- 
thetic interest of the President 
and the Secretary of State in its 
problems, and their willingness 


to devote earnest study to the, 


quest for schitions:. It regards 
this constructive interest as a 
further expression of American 


~™ friendship for’ Isrretand of * 


American concern for peace in 
the Middle East. 


Israel has noted with satisfac-. 


tion the affirmative approach of 
the United States to the ques- 
tion. of free navigation in the 
Gulf of Aqaba and the Straits 
of Tiran. 

The Government of Israel ex- 
presses its agreement in princi- 
_ple.with the approach. to this 
question defined by the Secre- 
tary of State in his aide mem- 
oire of Feb. 11 and in his con- 
versation with the Ambassador 
of Israel.on that. date: . 

Position Noted 


ciative of the following elements 
in the United States’ position: 

1. The affirmation that the 
Gulf comprehends international 
waters. and-that all nations, if- 
cluding Israel, have the right of 
free and ‘innocent passage in 
the Gulf and through the straits 
giving access thereto: 

2. The invocation in the aide 
memoire of the assurances con- 
veyed by Fgypt to the United 
States on Jan. 28, 1950: 

3.. The statement of the readi- 
ness of the United States, on 
behalf of vessels of United 
States registry, to exercise the 
right of free and innocent pas- 
-Sage.-andtojoin-with—others.toe 


———— SECTS general FECORHICOr of this 


Tight. 

4. The suggestion that as a 
precautionary measure the 
United Nations Emergency Force 
move into the area of the straits 
as the Israeli forces are with- 
drawn. 

.. While. giving ful! weight to 
these policies and attitudes, the 


Israel Government is conscious | 


of the danger which would arise 
to the freedom of Israeli ship- 
ping..in the Gulf: and to peace 
in the area if Egypt were to 
resume occupation of the Straits 
of Tiran before the attainment 
of a settlement. For many years 
Egypt has maintained restric- 
tions in the Suez Canal contrary 
to the Convention of 1888 and 
to decisions of the United Nations 
Security Council which, under 
Article 25 of the Charter, have 
binding effect on all members of 
the United Nations. 
Commerce Restricted 

These policies, together with 
corresponding restrictions in the 
Gulf of Aqaba, have cut Israel 
off from her freedem of com- 
merce with large parts of the 
world; have inflicted enormous 
losses and burdens upon Israel's 
economy; and have constituted 
a danger to peace and security 
‘in the Middle East. 

Despite the disapproval of the 
United Nations and of the mari- 
time community, including the 


United States, no effective steps | 
were taken to ensure the termi- | 
payment of compensation and in 
the settlement of a part of the 
refugee 


nation of these practices. 
Despite the disapproval of the 
United Nations and of the mari- 


time community, including the. 


United States, no effective steps 
were taken to ensure the termi- 
nation of these practices. 
Recent expressions of Egvyp- 
tian policy give ample grounds 


' Henry 


lof the UNEF move into the 
|Straits as Israel troops with- 


araw. Bit it holds that these 
units should be stationed along 
the western coast of the Gulf 
of Aqaba until a peace settle- 
ment is achieved, or until an 
agreed and permanent arrange- 
ment for freedom: of navigation 


_is. otherwise secured. In this ’ 


connection Israel has noted the 
proposal made on behalf of the 
United States by Ambassador 
Cabot Lodge in the 
United Nations on Jan. 28 and 


Feb. .2, 1957, 


Failing such an arrangement 
for the stationing of UNEF, the 
Government of Israel suggests 
that a precise guarantee be af- 
forded for the specific protec- 
tion of Israel-bound shipping 
exercising its right of passage 
in the Straits and the Gulf. 

The Government of Israel has 
studied the 6bsérvVations in the 
aide memoire of Feb. 11 on the 
Gaza Strip. It has, in particular, 
noted the following elements: 

l. The recognition that this 
area, until recently under Egyp- 
lian occupation, “has been a 
source of armed infiltration and 


‘reprisals’ and “of “great poten- 


tial danger because of the pres- 
ence there of so large a number 
of Arab refugees”: 

2. The fact that the United 


I 
“States has’ not crvrstantlized a 


ante | final view on the -future-of the 
Th particular, Israel is appre- 


Gaza Strip but that this future, 
in its view, “should be worked 
out through the efforts and good 
offices of the United Nations.” 

The Government of Israel 
wishes to add” the 
comments: 

The Gaza Strip, occupied dur- 
ing the invasion of 
never Egyptian territory 
armistice agreement unde! 
which Egypt occupied the strip 
was~ continuously UTORE nm by 
Egypt. In violation of the denite d 
Nations Charter and of the deci- 
Sion of he Security Council 
igainst belligerency, Egypt con- 
ducted hostile acts against Is- 
rael. These actions were based 
Qn a:dectrine of *a-state-of Arar? 


following 


declines to relinquish, despite 
the fact that this doctrine. and 
any actions arising therefrom 
were repudiated by the Secur- 
ity Council in 1951. In these cir- 
cumstances there is no basis for 
the-restoration of the status quo 
ante in Gaza by the return of 
Egypt to an area which—-she 
used exclusively for the purpose 
of establishing an aggressive 
base against Israel. 
Three Problems Noted 

Israel’s stand on the Gaza 
question is influenced by three 
problems: 

A. The security of Israel. and 
especially that of its villages and 
settlements in the south and 
the Negev: 

B. The welfare and economic 
Situation of the local popula- 
tion; 

C. The problem of the refu- 
gees, 

Israel is prepared to make a 
supreme effort to help raise the 
standard of the residents of the 
area from the fearful poverty 
which grew increasingly disas- 
trous during the Egyptian occu- 
pation 

The Government of Israel is 
ready to make its contribution 
to the United Nations program 


‘for settling the refugee popula- 
tion of the Gaza Strip. Israel's 


contribution, within this frame- 
work, will consist both in the 


population of Gaza. 
Israel is confident that the 
United States will understand 
the significant effect of this step 


for the solution of basic prob- |, 


lems which have been dead- 


‘locked for several years. 


of the position in the area by.a 
suitable mission, should not cate 
a long time. The steps immédi- 
ately envisaged are the with- 
drawal of Israel forces and the 
discussion of a suitable relation- 
ship between the UN and the 
local and Israel administrative 
services. 

Israel believes that it is nec- 
essary to prevent a recurrence 
of the turbulent conditions out 
of which the recent hostilities 
arose. There should be a new 
era in the relations between 
Egypt and fsrael: By constantly 
violating the armistice, through 
the invocation of belligerent 
rights and the conduct of block- 


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ades and hostilities, Egypt dis- 


torted the fundmental character 
of the armistice agreement as 
a tratisttion™to 
emptied it of its central purpose 

‘State of War’ Continued 

At a’ time When the agreement 
had full legal force, Egypt re- 
garded it as an expression of 
‘‘a state of war.” In these cir- 
cumstances, Israel! cannot legiti- 
mately be requested to return 
to the status quo ante, and to 
resume adherence to an agree- 


‘ment which Egypt has nullified 


throughout a period of eight 
years by claiming and exercising 
a policy of belligerency incon- 
sistent with its terms. 


At.the.-same.time,.the..Gov-«.. 


ernment.of Israel declared that 
it does not seek or claim any 
belligerent rights against Egypt, 
and that it undertakes to abstain, 
on the basis of reciprocity, from 
anv hostile act whatever against 

The’ aide memoire of Feb. 11 
deals with the questions of Gaza 
and the Gulf of Aqaba, since 
problems exist in both areas in 
connection with the withdrawal 
of forees. While no context ol 
withdrawal arises in the case of 
the - Suez Canal, the Govern- 
ment of Israel. emphasizes its 
hope for United States support 
in securing the implementation 
of Israel's rights under the 1888 
Convention, On many occasions, 
the most. recent..of which was 


~ President) -Bixenhower's: -public 
with Israel, ,which Egypt. still. 


statement.on Feb. 6,.the. United 
States has: noted the violation 
by Egypt of its obligations un- 
der the 1888 Convention in re- 


spect of Israel-bound shipping. 


A Responsibility Stressed 
The United Nations has de- 


voted .great.effort to secure the 


clearance of the Suez Canal for 
navigation, If the Suez Canal is 
to be reopened physically and 
then to be operated with dis- 
crimination, the United Nations 
will have inadvertently become 
responsible for expediting the 
renewed violation of interna- 
tional law. 

It is inconceivable that. the 
Suez Canal can be opened by 
the United Nations and remain 
closed to any of its member- 
states. It is essential, in the in- 
terest of -peace and security, to 
ensure that Egypt refrains from 
interference with Israeli and Is- 
rael-bound shipping exercising 
the right of free and innocent 
Passage in this. international 
waterway. The Government of 
Israel would weleome a clarifi- 
cation of United States policy on 
this point. 

The constructive and affirma- 
tive approach expressed by the 
Secretary of State in the con- 
versation and aide memoire of 
Feb. 11 confirms the belief that 
the United States and Israel 


have a common aspiration to 


strengthen peace in the Middle 
East. In view of the great meas- 
ure of proximity between the 
viewpoints of the two govern- 
ments on these questions under 
discussion, the Government of 
Israel attaches great importance 
to a.continuing discussion of the 
two respective positions, 


peace, and 


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Investment 


First Boston 

Founders Mut Fd 

Frank Cus Co 8S 

Prank Cus PI{S 

Fm Inv 

Gas Ind F 

Gen Cap 

Gen Inv Tr 

Gro Sec Aut xd 
Aviation xd 
‘Bullding xd 
Cap Grth xd 
Chem xd 
Com Stock xd 
Electronics xd 
Food xd 
Pully Adm xd 
Gen Bond xd 
Indust Mch xa 
Inst Bond xd 
Merch xa 
Mining xd 
Petrol xd 
RR Bond xd 
RR Equip xd 
RR Stock xd 
Stee) xd 
Utilities xd 


Sa 


— er OD 1600 


SHOP NK SOC SsSeOnrnOoserr B-- Ho, |, 


7 
w 
3IOe-2e2a90eev 


— 


7 
IP LOL AW OC OK ®Wh 


Se Au nw + & -1 


ee 


2SSSSSzE 


| Lex Tr Fd 


Int] Res Fund 

Inves Co Am 

Inv Tr Bost 

tJohnston Mut 

Keystne Cust Bl 
2 


POAKe ww 
Renae & Ww 


-7m 
w 


| KeystoneFdCan 
k Fd 


Knick 


eee 


Life Ins Inv 
Life Ins Stk Fd 
tLoomisSay Mut 
Man Fd Auto 


ao 


wow 
° 


euatation furnished on request. The “National” list is composed of securities which have a wide | Admiral! 


national distribution; the regional list comprises securities which have a wide distribution pri- 
marily in the region named. | 


Wagner Elec Corp 
Warner & Swasey 


. Warren.Brothers 


Wartren (CD: Co 
Wasnt Nat Gas 
Welex Jet Serv 
West Point Manu 
West Lt & Teleph 
West Massa Comp 
West Nat Gas 
White Ea J Ou 
Whiting 
Williams Kt 
Wise Pow & Li 
ood Conversion 


Wurlitzr: Rudolph) 


Wyandotte Chem 
Zapata OffShore 


Insurance 


: Aetna Ins 


Aetna Lif: 


Agi! 

Am Equit 

Am In¢ NJ 

Am Surety 

Bene St Life Ins 

Conn Gen Li 

Con Assur 

Con Cas 

Crum & For 

Em Group Asso 

Em Reinsur 
Fire Fund Ins 
Fire Ins N 
ry Li Ins 
Gen Reinsur 

Glens Falls 

Gr Am 

Guill ife 
Hanover Fir 

Home 

Life Com 

Line Na Lif 
Mary Cas 
Mass Bond&A&tIns 
Me rch & Manu 


New Hamp Fi 
North River 
Northwest Na Lif 
Peeriess 

Phoenix 

Prov Wash 
Reinsurance NY 
Repub Ins Tex 


St. Paul Fir & Mar 


Spring Fir & Mar 
Stand Accid 
Titie Guar & Tr 


Travel 
, Un Stat Fid&Guar 


Ur Sta Lif 
Westches Fire 


Banks and 


Trust Companies 


Bk of Amer 
Bankers Tr NY 
CenNatBankCleve 


-Chease Menhat N¥ 


Chem Corn Ex Bk 
Contin lll Bk&aTr 
Fir Bk St Corp 
Fir Nat Bk Bost 
Fir Nat Bk Chic 
Fi r Nat Bk Da!! as 


Frank Nat Bk 
Guaranty Tr 
Hanover Bk 
Irving Trust 
Manufac Trust 
Mere Tru St.L. 
Nat Bk Detroit 


Nat ShawBk i Bost) 


Nat City Bk, Cley 


PeoplFirNat BKatTr : 
RepuNat Bnk. Dal |: 
Sec Fir NatBk. L.A. 


Valley Nat Bk 


Law Ti lns 
Li Ins ef Vir. 
Mr Fi Assur 
Mon are > Li Ins 
re ns 
NY Fi re y oe 
Northeast Ins 
Northern Ins NY 
Pac Fire Ins 
Pac Indemnity 
SeaboardSurety 
Sec Ins NHay 
_US Fire ins 


Banks and 


Trust Companies 


Com NK’ 


BofNny 
Boatmens Nat B 
Broad St Tr 
Camden Tr 

Cen Penn NaB 


City Nat’) Bk & Tr 


Cleve Tr 
Com St Bk & Tr 
Com Tr 


|; Conn Bk & Tr 


CountyBk&TrN_J. 
County Tr Co 
Empir ‘e Tr 


FiCamNat tBk&Tr 


Fi Nat Bk Jersey City 


Fi West Nat Bk 


Girard Tr Corn Ex 


Harris Tr & Sav 
Hart Nat Bk & Tr 
Hud Co Nat Bk 
Hud 1: Co 


+ tnd Br of Com NY 
+ End-Tr Bhileare-<-" 4 


Kings Co Tr 


Lib Re Bst:& Tr Co 


Long Is Tr 

Mead Br Na 

Mel Nat’! Bk & Tr 
Mer Nat Bk Bo 
Nat New . Es Brg 
Mo 


rae Tr Co 
Phil Nat Bk 

Pil Tr Co 

Prov Tr 

Riegs Nat Bk 
Rock Atias Na Bk 
Royal Bk of Can 
Royal St Bk of NY 


T7 
SeBkStaStTrCoBos 65 ‘2 


Sec Nat Bk 

Sec Nat Bk. of Hun 
St Bk Al 

Ster Nat Bk & Tr 
Trade Bk & Tr 
Trades Bk & Tr 
Trust Co of NJ 
Trust Co of N Am 


Un Bk of Com Cleve 4214 
42%. 


Us Tr Bos 
t 


Growth 
N Eng Fa 
NY Cap Can 
N Est Inv Tr 
Nee Sh 


- Pril Pd 


Pine St Fd 
Pioneer Fd 
Price. TR 

| Puritan Fd 
Putnam Geo Fd 

| Science&NucFd 
Scudder Fd Can 

| tS8ceudderSt&ci 
tScudSt&CkCsBt 

| Sel Am Sh 

| Sharehidrs Tr 

| Smith. Eds BFd 


| Sowest Inv 
, Sov Invest 
| State St Invest 
tSteinR&aFrd 
Sterl Inv Pund 
Telev Elect Fd 

| TepitnGrthCan 

| Texas Pund 

| Unit Ace Fund 


; Celanese Sse 


Dress Ind t:so° 
, Duplan 


| East Kod 2 40a 
| El AutoL? 


| GenRefracth 


| Grevhound! 


| HammerP1'.b 


| Heyden Ch 80 


| HousehF 1.20h 


Huss Refr la 


4 
Aeroquip .40b 23 
AirReduc2 
Aico ‘co i 
Alleg 
AllesLael 2 


| Allied Ch 3b 


| Allied Strs 3 


| AllisChal 2 
| AlumLid 2.40 


Aicoa 1.20 


| Amerada 2° 
Bia Asked . Am Airlin 1 


AmBosch 1b 
AmBdPar ia 


Am&FPw .80 

AHomePd 4.20 2 
AM&Pdyi20b 8 
Am Motors 26 


AmNGas 2.60 


3 
AmOptical 2 4 
Am Rad 1 40xd 39 
Am Smeit*s Ww 
AmStifd 2.405 4&8 
Am Tel&Tel@ 42 
Am Viscose? 27 
Am Zine 1 ‘ 


Anacon ligxr 
| @oR 


Armco St) 3 , 
Armour&Cl *ef 
ArmstCk 1 20a 
Ashi Ol) ‘ag 
Assd Drv G2 
Atchison la 


Balt G &cE 1,40 
Balt&Oh 2xd 
Barber O11 2% 1 
BathIW2.60axd 3 
Beech Ail20b 3 
Bell Airc 1'4e 4 
Bendix Avy 2 40 57 
Benguet ‘ 26 
Best Fads 2a 4 
Beth Sti 60h 338 
Black&Decl 40b 5 
BlawKnoxl] 20 i 
Bliss&L 1 80 
Bliss, EW 2 
BoeingA tb 
Bohn Alum 2 
Borden .60¢ 
BoreWar 2.40 


Budd Co 1.40 
Bullard l 20 
Beri Ind 1 
Burroughs ! 
Btuler Pr.1,¢6 
Callahan Zine 
CalumA&H 86 
rpg ple = 
Cdn Pac 1° 
Capital Airl 
Carborun 1.60 
Carey, Phil 1 Ap 
Caro P&L 1 20 
Carpen Sti 2a 
Carrier Cp 2.40 
Case, JI 
CaterTrac2?.49 


Q~bWWe OOH Nee KI wwDoOr- we 


et oe ee 


Cen Fdy .60a 
Cen&Sw 1.60 
Cent Ind .40 
Cer de P1.60b 
Cert-teed 1 
Cessna A 1.40b 
ChamplinOnl 1 


Jr 
twee cor~wuw 


+ChanceVet t-69°-7°- 


Chemway 20e 20 


Cc in MilM 1 69 
CITFinan 2.40 
Cities 8c2.40b 
Climax Mo 
Coca Cola 4 
Coig Palm 3 
Colo Fa&Ir 2 
ColBrdA ‘ag 
nae 

Col Gas 1 6 
Com! Cred 2.80 - 


ConsumPw?2.40 
Container 1 
Cont Can 1.860 
Cont Mot 

Cont Ol] new 


| Cont St! 2a 


Coop Bess 214 
Copper Rng Jb 
Copw.Sti 2 
CosdenPet ‘eg 
Crane Co 2 
CrowncCor .20¢ 
CrownZelll.80 
Cruc Stl 70 
Cub AmSug 14g 5 
Cudahy Pk b 
Curtis Pub 20¢ 9 
CurtisWr2'iee 1093 
DaytoRub1.40b : 


_DiamAlk1.80b 


Diam Mat 1 80 
Dia T Mot le 
Divco Way 60 
Dome Min: 70a 
Doug Airc 2a 
Dover Cp | 
DowChe 1.20b 


a? 


_— 
CO@o~—@-- NO 


du Pont 6'2e 
Dua Lt 2 
Eagie P 2.20xd 
East Air L lb 
East S Stl 1% 


— ee nbee 


~ 
NI Saves & 


El& Mus 12¢ 
Ei PasoNn}) -30 
EiPasoNGb 
Emer Rad 
End John 2? 
Erie RR 14, 
Evans Pd 1.60 
Eversharp 1.20 
Ex-Cell O 


2 
| FairbMri11.40b 


FPairch E ‘se 
FPawick .15¢ 
FedPack! 80b 
Fed D Str 1.60 
Firestone? 60a 


Food Mach 2? 
Ford Mot 2.40 
Forem Dair Ib 


Fost Wheel.1.69..8 


GarWood 
GenAmIn? 43e 
GenCabie! oh 4 
(> sete, shee 


~~ 
_ — 
poe Ge > wT od ee 1 od 0 


GenMotors? 124 
Cer be Acre 4, ROa 14 
3 
2 
GenShoel', 
GenTell ao 
CaPacCnib 
GerberProd! 60 
GettvOll2 Met 
Gillette2a 
Goodrich? 20 
Goodvear2 40b 
Grace&Co2.40 
GrahPaige 
GranC8tl*.z2 
G' NIrOre2?*,.e 
GtNoRy3xd 


> 


~~ wr 
Qe @e ©-10-3"~ De we 


me 


GrumaAirc2 
GulfMob4£O2a 
GulfOll2*eb 


3 a0 


HarbWalk2.80 
Harris Sey 2 
Heller la 
Heime 1.60 
Hertz ih 


J 


Sovwnvw-INWEeNU HH NH Io 


Hilton H 1.20 
Homest 1. 66a 
HonoluO'.¢zd 
Houd Ind 1b 


-_—- 


HousLa&P! 40b 
Howe Snd 1 
Hupp Cp ! 


ee 


Ill Cent 4 
| IndnsP4-L 1% 
'IniandSt! le 
|InspirConp Se 

| Interlaktr 35g 
IntBusMch 4 

i IntHarvy 2 


se 


| IntMiner 1.60 


IntNick 2 60a 
IntPack ‘xe 
IntPaper 3b 
\IntTela&Tell 80 29 
| Jacobs ] 
‘JaegerMch 28g 3 
iJohnsMan 2a iii 
| Jones&L 2'eb 31 


toppers 2% 
Corvette 


i 
— 


; 
' 


— 


¥ 


en eee ee ee ee ee 


ss sc = ss @ se 2 @ 4 O22 ee B® 


i ee ee 
Senet eee 


- 
— 


- - - - - 


Dy, = 
eu * e@ee fw 


5 .-.@.-.9 = 


sass ss *# «+ & 


- 


* e232 2 9 


-_ 


—— 


a 
> > @ 


4 St Jos Lend 3x0 so" 


ee ee ee ee 
*F 8 


- 2*# wn *# 2 @ 2 WN 


~~ -— oo 
vw se @ & 


~ 
* @ 


ee ee 


— 
eeewn - sew ee? 2 @ 


+ = 


i 


ee ee 
ee ee ee 


~< 
> 


~~ te 


~~. = & & 
=? 2s 2 2+ 2 & SS 


=_ 


J 
+ 


ee) 
ee ee 


54 
‘¢ | Mrrchaest.200 17 
| " 


estaMch2?'sa 


fiami Cop a 16 
hiddieSUt1 .60 


Monter Oil 


ont Ward 2a 


Nat Aviat rive 


. ParamPict 2 


| Pullman 3a 
, Pure Oj) 1.60 


| Revere C bse 


| Socony 2a 193 
1 Socony rt 2749 
’Sotar Aire 1 4 


StdO Ind 1.40b 43 


5 
| StorerBrd 1.80a 3 
2 


i Superior 8 1.40 1 


Thermoid 


| Tri Cont “ge 


+ UCarbide? 60° 


| UnittAirc3xd 


UBSSteel*.«e 


Vv akl&Pw) 80 (14 


WarnLam2b 14 
WashWatP! 88.6 


WestUnTe!l 


| Nat Bise 2 


NtCashi 20b 


| Nat Dairy 1 #0 


NatPueliG1.10 
NatGyps2b 


; NA tLead3 Ler 


NatSteel4 
NatSupplyv2.40 
NatThea', 
NewEngE)} 
NY AirBrk1.60 
NYCentral2 


NorNGas2.60 
NorPaci €V0a 
NorStaPw.90 
Northrop1.60 
OnhicEdis2 52e 
OhioOi1.60 
CRKieaNGasli, 
OlinMath?2 
OliverCn. l5¢ 
OwensCna.80 
OwenshiGl2t, 
OxfordPp1.60a 
PacCemAg.70¢ 
PacG&El2 40a 
PanAWAir 80 


~ & RW me hore 
PHM 1-1 OA tv 


O-+I~— Cm 
eeevosase 

~~ wen eK a 

oese+ee ee ew 


a 
se 


PeabodyCo 4st 
PennDix ib 
PennTex .35r 
Penney. JC 3a 
Pennroad ? 


a —_ tiie wo oe 
aOAD-lhwrw ww 
ee ee 
ee 


PepsiCola | 
Pfizer 1.40a 
Pheips,.D 3a xd 
PhilaEi 2 
Philco .80r 
PhillPet 1.70 
PiitiPet rt 1245 
PiperAirc 1 ] 
PitMetallu 2.35r ! 


®2 
or 


-w = 
O @ oe «1 Gc 
j++ 
e- 7 
os — -_ 

_ 


ad 


PiymoOil 1.60b 
Poor&Co 2? 
Proct&aG ] 
PubSvE&G1.80 


+++) +) + 


RCA la 
Rayonier 1.40 
Raytheon 

| Repub Av 2 

| Repub 8tl 3 
Revion 11 


+i+lL iit 
cow Ps o ss 


* 


Reyn Met Zig 
Rhodesian 53e ¢ 
Rhodesian wi 13 
Richfid Oi) 3a 


+] 
—- 
sew 


RoyalMcB1.40 18 
SalewaySt 2.40 9 


b Pr me 
‘ Cathe DT «Et. 


ow 
> 


“- 


StL SanF *a¢ 5 
St Reg Pap 2 i4 
Schering la 28 
Schick 1.20a k 
SeabALRR 21, 16 
Seab Finan } 7 
SearRoelbx] 146 
Seiber Rub .60b 1 
ShahmooniInd 20 
Sharon Sti 3 16 
Shell Oi! 2b 10 
Sherat Am 60b 2 
Signode 8S la 9 
Sinclair 3 2 
Smith.AO 2.80 14 


* 


eee ee eee 


SoAmGA&AP 30r 2 
So P RSue 40¢ 4 


| SouCalEdis 2.40 9 


SoutherCol 10 77 


Swest PS 1.40 
Sperry Rd .80 
Spiegel 1} 

Square D ie 

Std Brand 2a 

Std Coil Pd 

Std Oi! Cal 45¢ 30 


StdO NJ 55e 10! 
StdO Oh 2'eb 6 
Std Rv Ea ‘ag : 
Stan War 1 
StauffCh 1.80b ; 
Stew War 2b 5 
StokeVancC lb 16 
Stonec&W 2a 


bithitidts 


}+++ 
Seve owes es rare see 


+ 
.- 


Stud Pack 
Sun Oil lb 2 


Swift4Co 2a 
Sylv El Pd 2 
Temeco Air .60a 
Texas Co 2a 
TexGPrd .60b 
Tex G Sul 2 


Lal 
STF FSS FSFE 


Tex Util 1.44 
Textron 65¢ 


+i Veit +4+14++ + 


TidewaOil2 at 


| Tran W Air 


Transmri.40a 


— 
os 


t+lei i++ 
SS FFPGRF FA 


TwentCen!.60 
TAL Oil 


UnoilCal 2.40 
Un Pac 1.200 
UnitAirLin “er 


UnitedCp .20a 


| Unit Pruit 3 


UnGasCp 1's 
UnitM&M Ib 


| UnPKCMin 


USA&For8S ibe 


| USFreightl'ca 


USGypsm 1 60a 
US Indust 1 
USPine&F1 20 
USRub2b 


— 


VanNorm!] 
VanadaCn? 
Ver tCSue fhe. 


le 


es 
el le 
on 


rt 
| 


. 


Y UEseen es 


VulcanMat ] 
WardeilCp 2 


4. 
Fe ee 


i+ 


— 
es 


++} 1+ 


Weete Fi2 


1 
3 
3 
10 
West@ABl.20nd 6 
“9 
Wilson&Co! i) 

47 


- WinnDidie 84 


Wootwrdtiri 460: 3 
Woolworth?’ 17 
Worthng* n2'sb 5 
Yale&Towl', ay 
YngstShT 1 ‘en 17 


_ ZenithRad3a 2 93% 92% 93% 4+ * 


ake of trading ten shares or sales 
in fu 
Rates of dividends in the foregoing 
table are annua! disbursements based on 
the last quarterly or semi-annual dec- 
laration. Uniess otherwise noted. fal 
or — dividends are not inciedaa 
Also extra or extras. b—Annual 
aie plus stock dividend. d—Declar 
or paid in 1957 plus stock dividend. 
e-—Paid last year. {Payable in stock 


‘during 1957, estimated cash value on 


ex-dividend or ex-distribution date. g< 
Declared or paid so far this vear 

h—Deciared or paid after stock dividend 
or split up. k—Declared or paid this 


| year an accumulative tssue with divi- 


dends im arrears. p—Paid this vear, 
| dividend omitted. deferred or no action 
taken at last dividend meeting. r~—De- 
clared or paid in 1956 plus stock divi- 
dend. t-—-Payable in stock during 19546. 
estimated cash value on ex-dividend 
or ex-distribution date. v—Liquidating 


- dividend 


cléd--Called. xd—Ex dividend. s-dis— 
Ex distribution. sr-—Ex rights. xw<— 
Without warrants. ww—With warrants, 
wd—When distributed. wi—When 
— Next day delivery 
—In bankruptcy or receivership oF 


: ra rm reorganized under the oe 


Act. or securities assumed by su 
panies. 


——— 


a: 
7% 


raus 
Man Bond Fd 
Mass Inv Tr 
Mass Inv Gr 
Mass Lif Fd 


NATO oe Shift 


. Cont Pund 
Income Fud 


SAWMWWWUN OA ae 
BLSSvsser2I28 


for the belief that, if no pre-. gee See cure 
ventive measures are taken, th In view of the vital import- 
Egyptian restrictions in thé’ ance 6f the Gaza problem and 
Gulf of Aqaba and the Straits | of the contribution envisaged by 
of Tiran will be resumed, with ‘Israel towards its solution, it is| British Admiral Sir Guy 
consequent peril both yf Israel’s | suggested that an effort be made Seen will succeed Sir 
national interests and to peace to find a suitable arrangement. e Creasy as Allied com- 
in the area. - |which might be submitted to the mand er in the Channel and | Equity Fund 
_ In order to meet this danger, United Nations. - southern North Sea in May, Fidelity Fund 
‘the. t of Israel.sup-| This .examination, which |1957»the North Atlantic aad 
pe.. the Suggestion | that units might include . an, investigation. Organization. has _announced............... 


’ “fi 


Gaza Agreement Urged 


3. 
ee 
o 
o 
~ 


Science Pund 
Pund Canada 
H ' 7 Sh Vaiue Line Fd 
+# nd 1817 7 325. 5, | ValueLineIncPd 
Incom Fnd Bos xd 9 59 agg borer poss 
L~. Soy Boon 7 60 ; | Wall St ine 
instit’ Bank Pund 10.58 1157 | Bond rt 7.07 | WashMutIn 
Found Pund 10.25 | Wellington Fd 


—_ tre 
PSMA MH ON TOW 3 w 
SBSGNISSPSSaSS=se 


— eee + 


eee 
mo 
— 


ae 


eee 
a wae 


this Company 

payable April 15, 1957, to share- 

21 ~—s:zCDit 45 holders of record 8, 1957. 

10 bi 56 99 | waneenes ~ 33 EMERY N. LEONARD 
. 57 | Ineom isconsin : Secretary and Treasurer 

sur Fund _ $1.99 ws tNet asset value. — Mag , _ : : 


, Oa Mass., February 11,1957 j 
‘ | ‘ | ’ 7 


mt 
Oo wwe 
Sess 
toe 

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2238 


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Srwe 


" Business—Research THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1957 Industry—Finance 


Cardenas Tells Mexico: 


“Pemex Price Boost Sacarea’ 


- ‘By Marion ‘Wilhelm 


Special Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 


Mexico City 
Lazaro C4rdenas, the former 


President who expropriated for- | 


= n oil properties in 1938, has 
ed the nation to keep the 
caapabetern industry. in strict na~ 
tional control. 
The recent declaration on the 
national] oil industry, first Gen- 


eral Cardenas has made since he 


left office in 1940, was consid- 
ered likely to bring financially- 
troubled Petroleos Mexicanos 
(Pemex) fuller support from the 
government in the solution of its 
capital 


Mexican 


a general price increase. 

He said that “a failure in this 
industry would seriously harm 
the nation .and_ retard its_.eco- 
nomic developments.” 


Expropriation Defended 
“It is the common duty of 
Mexicans.” he continued, “to 
watch over the success of the 
petroleum industry and the in- 


tegrity of the constitutional re-| 


form which canceled the so- 
called concessions and prohibited 
any system whatsoever that tried 
to--prevail dover the exclusive 
rights of the state in the matter 
of our petroleum resources.’ 

Defending the expropriation of 
18 years ago, he added: 

“The historic lesson of the 
fight for defense of our natural 
resources against the rebellious- 


deficiencies. Theex=" 
President called for help from | 
investors. and hinted | 
that the oil industry must have 


-eompanies- 
| Published 
‘said that officials of the World 
‘Bank were coming to Mexico to 


ness of the companies éxpro-| decision was aimed directty to: 


priated in 1938 demanded the 
prescience of future conflicts, 
disauthorizing absolutely any 


‘maneuvers to restore petroleum 


extraction to the international 
partnerships which, under the 
protection of foreign chanceries, 
had. tried to usurp the. rights of 


‘the people, their institutions and 


government in order to exploit 
for their own benefit the petro- 
leum reserves.” 


There were various interpre- | 
tations of the speech, delivered | 


at a dinner arranged by the na- 
tionalistic leadership of the 
large National Chamber of 
Transformation.Industries, 
Warning Intended? 
Some thought that General 
Cardenas intended a warning 
against solving financial prob- 
lems with the aid of foreign oil 
or 
reports 


here have 


loans to 
including 


review possibiities of 
Mexican industries 
Pemex. 

In responding to the speech of 
Sefior Cardenas, the president 
of the industrial chamber, Guil- 
lermo Castro Ulloa, s said: 

“In an international confer- 
ence respecting the economies 
of the American nations, it was 
agreed that the international 
banks with headquarters in the 
United States. would not finance 
any nations which exptoit’for 
themselves their petroleum. The 


governments. | 


hurt our constitutional petrole- | 
um industry. 
“Also the condition demanded | 


during the administration of 
_Miguel Aleman for foreign fi-) 


,nancial help to our nationalized 
petroleum industry -is public: 
‘knowledge—the condition 
quiring a modification of our) 
Constitution 
flatly rejected.” 


Domestic Use Tripled 


| products, 
opposed by 


Cardenas, it was said, could 


muster support for raising the) 


unrealistically-low price sched- | 
ule. This was seen as another | 
objective of the speech. 


Others read .presidential. “pe. : 
into the talk. Was Se-'| 


turismo” 
hor Cardenas settin 


up Antonio, 
J. Bermudez to ta 


e over the 


presidency of Mexico in 1958? | 
is director of | 
Pemex. He is an able adminis- | 


Sefhor Bermudez 


trator, in spite of serious finan- 
cial difficulties in Pemex. 

Under his leadership, 
co’s oil industry has 


carious position in 
expropriation days. Last year 
it was believed to have topped 
_100 million barrels of crude or 
more than twice the production 
of year before expropriation. 


This is little more than -one-. 


half the peak production year 


— 


ENGINEERS « SCIENTISTS 


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rapid growth is opening up more positions than we can fill from within. 
Investigate current openings in our three laboratories today. 


MISSILE SYSTEMS LABORATORY 


SYSTEMS AWMALYSTS, ENGINEERS, MATHEMATICIANS, AND PHYSICISTS 
ested in the analysis and block diagram design of systems 
such subjects as antenna design 


, error analysis, 


statistics, 


inter- 
Interests In 
communication 


theory, network theory, real-time computation, time varying and non-linear 


control systems, logistics, warhead Conign and data transmission are desired. 


ELECTRONIC -DESIGN & DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERS. Both experienced. engineers 
and recent graduates are needed to participate In the design of equipment 


to counter BALLISTIC MISSILE targets. 


Positions are open at all levels 


involving the design of very high power radars, digital radar data process 


ing equipment, advanced receiver 


techniques, 


devices and pulse coded communications. 


Please send your reaume to: 


special 


transmission line 


MELVIN LOWE, Missile Systems Laboratory 


APPLIED RESEARCH LABORATORY 


ELECTRONIC RESEARCH ENGINEERS AND PHYSICISTS. Primarily interested in 


conducting research of new 
systems of the future. 


desirable: 


techniques which will lead 
Experience in the following or related fields is 


to new electronic 


* Operations Research « Communications Theory « Automatic Controls ° Airborne 
interceptor Radar.« Infra-Red Systems © Rada? Stmulators -©° Missife Electronics. 


¢ Dete Processing 
Please send your resume to! 


DR. Lt. S. SHEINGOLD, Applied Research Laboratory 


AVIONICS LABORATORY 


PROJECT ENGINEERS. General 


resonsibility for ECM. 


computer and other 


elecfronic systems including internal projects coordination ang technical 
relations with contracting agencies. 


COMPUTER DESIGN ENGINEERS. Responsible for general and special purpose 


Aigita] computers including core-memory s¥stems, 


tarms ; 


handling processing systems. 


PACKAGING & TEST ENGINEERS. 
of advanced electronic 


and electro-mechanical 


input and output. sys- 
also transistorization of speciai computer circuits design of data 


For supervisory responsibility for desien 
systems, 


Also engineers 


responsibie for environmental testing of electronic equipment and design 
instrumentation of test facilities and equlpment. 


ANTENNA ENGINEBRS. For work on element design arrays, power dividera, 


RF linkages, and other general transmiseion problems. 


ELECTRONIC DESIGN & DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERS. 
electronic counter-measures equipment, radar systems and other electronic 


To develop ctreuitry 


for 


systems. Work includes design of video and pulse and circuitry and timing 


circuits. It also Involves the use of transistors and in: agnetic amplifiers ag 
well as vacuum tubes. 


Please send your resume to: 


WATTS HUMPHREY, Avionics Laboratory 


Undergraduate and graduate students in EE or Applied Physics com- 
pleting degree programs in February, June and augue of 1957 are 


also encouraged to apply. 


For any of the positions above, you may also phone 
Erling Mostue COLLECT—TWinbrook 3-9200 


After 1 PM. oollect calis will be accepted at MYrtie 2-8782. 
Saturday interviews arranged by appointment. 


WALTHAM LABORATORIES 


ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS DIVISION 


Convenient 


ST SYLVANIA 


SYLVANIA ELECTRIC PRODUCTS 


INC 


100.C-1 First Avenue, Weltham, Massachusetts 


GRIN IES LAE IN ERATE RN CE WO A SAVE 


re-_ 


and which w as, 


Prices increases on petroleum | 
sought last year but) 
industrialists (in-, 
‘cluding the transformation in-| 
“T dustries), are not popular. Onty | 


Mexi- 
made a 
gradual comeback from its pre- | 
the post-| 


— 


<eep Strict Reins on Oil Indust 


"The. Business Day 


| Active trading characterined an irregular market which de- 
veloped early this afternoon with pivotal stocks changing 
from fractions to about a point. There were some gains beyond 
this range. The opening this morning was marked by the rising 
trend begun at Friday’s closing. Major steels lost ground and 
were either slightly lower or about the same. Chrysler and 
Ford were the only motors to remain on the upside. Leading 
rails just managed to stay ahead, while nonferrous metals and 
aircrafts were mixed. Prices were mixed in moderate trading 
on the American Stock Exchange with Standard. Packaging, 


Canada Southern Petroleum; 


Scurry-Rainbow Oil, Arkansas 


Louisiana Gas, Ainsworth and American Maracaibo show- 


ing gains, 


Investigation of the Crowell-Collier claim that their $4-million 


bond sale in 1955-56 was 


“private” 


may lead to a revision of 


the methods used by investors to buy securities. The Crowell- 
Collier Publishing Company claims that the bonds were sold 
to a small group for investment only, not speculation, and as 
a private sale registration with the Securities and Exchange 


Commission is not required. 


investors took part in the buy 


Crowell-Collier stated that 27 
ing, whereas the SEC investiga- 


tion of the last five weeks has shown more than 100 investors 
took part, many of these doing so for speculation rather. than 


investment purposes. . 


Approval has been given the Southern New England Telephone 
Company to issue $20 million in common stocks to finance 
new construction and short-term borrowing. Superior Court 
judge Louis Shapiro overruled a Public Utilities Commission 


price restriction on the issue, 


saying that state law entitles 


the PUC to approve or disapprove a public service company’s 


application to issue stock but is 


“expressly prohibited” from 


imposing price conditions on the issue. 


(1921) of the foreign operators. 
However, domestic consumption 


.of Mexican oil has tripled since 


1937, making a key contribution 
to national industrialization. 
Pact With Texas Eastern 

In so doing, at subsidy prices, 

Pemex has suffered great finan- 


retat tosses’ and has been unable 


/ tion 


to develop refinery and distribu- 
facilities at the pace it 


should. 


| 


In’ 1955, imports of oil and gas 
products from the United States 
to supply the booming agricul- 
tural northwest (still without 


‘domestic supply) amounted to 


some 60 million dollars 
Pemex 


and 
lost nearly 22 million 


dollars selling at Mexico’s low 


‘ceiling prices. 


‘products, 


In 1956, the bill 
on imports was about 70 million 


dollars with a greater loss on) 


sales. 


In 1957 Pemex will begin to 


sell natural gas to the Texas 
Eastern Transmission Corpora- 
tion under a 20-year contract 
which will earn it up to 200 mil- 
lion dollars in that period. The 
‘government has announced a 
400 -million- peso investment 
budget for Pemex (32 million 


dollars) for the year to.continue., 
expansion of exploration,. pipe- 


lines, and refineries, 


But crude production, 
about 270,000 barrels daily, 


now 


have lagged considerably behind 
goals for lack of capital. Wheth- 
er Pemex: will look for badly 
needed capital from United 
States private banks‘br from for- 
eign government banks has not! 
‘been announced yet, but General 
Cardenas apparently wants: to 
make sure that‘ oil development | 
|will remain in the control of the | 
government. 


| Vending Sales Seen | 


/economy in 


_lion 


and | 
refinery and distribution plans | 


| closely resembles 
| Untied States in its freedom. In- 


$2. Billion in 1957 


| rule. 


(German Economy to Rew 


By Philip W. Whitcomb 


Special Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 


Frankfart 
The economic disruption of 


the Soviet zone of Germany 
since the.troubles in Poland, . a 
greater disruption than 


Professor Erhard said afterward, 
were irrefutable. But none of | 
them had included the one es- 
sential and decisive element: the | 
initiative, the determination, and | 
unbeatableness of man. Profes- 


jit is still impossible to make ar- 
rangements for 1957. The failure 
‘in Polish supplies of coal and 
|coke hampers transport, even 
‘though the brown coal miners 
volunteered to work during their 


.sor Erhard filed the graphs in a | Christmas holidays in order to 
‘bottom drawer and placed his | make coal dust brickettes for 
in confidence on the human being. the locomotives, and has reduced 


Western Europe since the’ Suez! He won, because practically all | steel output ‘seriously. 


troubles, has raised once more|of today’s unemployed in West | 


the problem of the economic re- 


unification of East and West ables, aside from the usual un-/| greeted almost 


Germany. 

At present there is almost to- 
tal disunity. The two zones are | 
separated by an 830-mile barri- 
er, with a plowed strip 33 feet 
wide, a forbidden zone three! 
miles wide, more than a hun-| 
dred thousand machine guns, 
and with only six rail lines, four 
roads, and two waterways going 
through: Commerce across the | 
line is discouraged by the So- 
viets because they need - East 


|German products in their own | 
economic orbit and can give raw | 
'materials in exchange; and by 


the West Germans because they 
dislike helping a Communist 
any way. 

On the west side of the bar- 
rier live more than fifty mil- 
Germans, of whom 
than ten million still regard one 


or another of several areas far- | 
as their true} 


ther. to the east 
home. In Berlin, still occupied | 
by the four World War II allies, 
2.2 million live in the western 
side, and 1.1 million in” East’ 
Berlin occupied by the Soviets. 


Trapped Economically | 
The Germans of the “Soviet | 


zone are trapped ‘economically 


in the never-ending miscalcula- | 
tions of a hundred Communist 
planners who control both pro-| 
duction and distribution. Their | 
marks are worth but a quarter | 
of their face value; the normal, 


rations allow 1.6 ounces of meat | 


each day, about an ounce of fat; | 


jand about an ounce and a half | 


of sugar; they are told where 
and when they can work: and | 
all-wise experts decide on the 
| nature, style, and quality of the | 


_products..which they. may buy. --|. 


The fifty million westerners | 
live under an economy which 
that of the 


stead. of a hundred omnipotent 
and omniscient economic plan- 
ners they have at least a mil- 
lion, operating the factories and 
shops of Germany in what, as a 
they regard as the ways 


In the fourth and last article in this series on automatic | most pleasing to their 49 mil- 
merchandising, Bernice Stevens’ Decker, a Midwest writer, dis- ‘lion fellow citizens. 
cusses the role of the industry in helping to ease the labor 
problem. and cut retailing distribution costs... 


By Bernice Stevens Decker 


Special to The 
Chicago 
Automatic merchandising is 
estimated..to.be..heading..for—a 
two-billion-dollar 
in 1957. This, industry experts 
believe, is but the beginning of 
a continued growth cycle, They 
foresee greater sales volume of 
foods and other goods already 
sold through machines. They 
expect the variety of goods to 
increase. 


sales volume 


Automatic merchandising ma- ; 


chines are one solution to the 
help problem. In retail stores 
they are being used to handle 


small, repetitive items which 


take no particular. selling. tech-., 


niques. This is especially true 
of branded items selling below 25 
cents. Machines are proving effi- 
cient for sales of newspapers, 
Magazines, small books, post 
cards, greeting cards, pencils, 
and pens. 
of vending 
that selling periods can 
extended beyond regular 
An established New York 
City candy chain has had excel- 
lent results from display window 
coin-operated machines dispens- 
ing small boxes of candy. 
‘Full-Meal’ Machines 
Twenty -four-hour vending 
machines for supermarkets are 
now past the experimental stage. 
Several large supermarkets have 
installed . oulside....vending 
chines which dispense 
canned goods. 
meat, pastry, bread, eggs, pack- 
aged meat, and frozen “oods. 
Much.larger..units are ex- 
pected to be standard equipment 
of shopping centers of the fu- 
ture. Specially built units are 
planned for installation in new 
centers in West Orange, N.J., 
and near Milford, Conn., it is 
announced. Several of the coun- 
try’s major food chains are 
reported to be considering in- 
corporation of vending units in 
architectural planning. 


Use 
means 
pe 


nours. 


machines 


dairy 


There always have been gaps | 


in retailing where the public 
could not be served by manual 
methods. Some of these are be- 
ing plugged by vending ma- 
chines. They have been installed 
to a limited extent along some 
toll roads and 
Machines developed specially 
for this trade are being pro- 
duced now. 
chines in factory parking lots is 
foreseen to help workers do 


their staple shopping quickly as | 


they leave work. Plans for 
vending machines to be incorpo- 


rated into the structures of large | 
office buildings with complete | 


service every 


five or six floors 


is forecast. The same provision |. 


is seen for large housing proj- 


ects. Several of the country’s 


heads of the largest department 


stores have stated that machines | 
i will 


be used to sell certain | 


| staple items within the stores 


| pins, 
laces, 


. Research in 


in the near future. 
Aid to Travelers 

Combs, hand lotions, 
tissues, handkerchiefs, bobby | 
lipsticks, razor blades, shoe | 

and other needs of the | 
traveler are being sold in air- 
ports, railroad stations, and bus 
terminals. 

Growth possibility for the in- 
dustry is seen in the fact that 
pressures are building up in 
many industries to reduce dis- 
tributive costs. Probably a nota- 
ble example is the rapid growth 
of sales in carton milk through 
vending machines. 

Machines also provide new 
outlets for many retail products. 
electronics is ex- 


ANA. 


canned | 


superhighways. | 


Installation of ma- | 


facial | 


Christian Science Monitor 


ipected to increase both the 
types of goods sold and the ways 


Lin. which. they. may..be sold... A. 
automatic cashier Is | 
already available. This machine | 
se- | 
‘made the arrangements for the 


completely 


accepts money, makes the 
lection, and returns the correct 
change. It will handle up to four 
different merchandise items at 
four different prices ranging 
'from 5 cents to $1.65. The whole 
‘operation is lightning fast and 
‘completely automatic. There are 
‘no extra buttons to push, no 
levers to pull. 
need do, it is reported, is de- 
posit his money, make his selec- 
tion, and receive both the mer- 
chandise and change immediate- 
iby. ee ; 
' Airports Major Boosters 

| Great expansion is expected 
also in the sale of services auto- 
matically. Airplane travelers 
have long been familiar with the 
automatic insurance machines. 
‘Airports have been among the 
first operators to install coin op- 
erated nurseries as well as 
sleeping rooms for stranded and 
weary travelers. 

While they forecast great 
growth for the automatic mer- 
chandising industry, officials 
‘also have a word of .caution. 
' lt is not, they point out, exactly 
a “high profit” business. They. 
‘report that of every $100 in 

sales made through machines 
bya vending....operator, the 


profit’ before deducting income} ~ 


taxes is $3.43. One of the 
largest operators estimates that 
the net profit: on an average 
sale is a tenth of a cent, 

Many of the successful oper- 
ators are small businesses. 
However, it demands capital 
_for-a-small-operator to expand 
because the machines are expen- 
sive. An average sandwich ma- 
chine costs from $800 to $1,000 
and a soft drink machine will 
run up to at least $1,500. 

Field Keenly Surveyed 

A recent statement from the 
National Automatic Merchan- 
dising “Association points up 
the financial picture. Experi- 
enced vending specialists, it is 
pointed out, have the financial 
stability and knowledge for 
making wise capital invest- 
ments to yield a fair return. 
|'They determine the proper 
types and capacities of ma- 


chines in relation to volume. of | 


traffic and product preferences. 
Their profit depends on con- 
tinuously high patronage, 
they provide service that 
sures substantial repeat busi- 
ness. 


| speed 


| ago. Greatest immediate growth 
is expected to be in foéd and 
other product installations 
'factories, offices, and mili- 
tary establishments. Recreation 
areas such as parks, beaches, 
and resort spots are still an un- 


tapped market. So are service. 


stations and highway locations. 

The National Automatic Mer- 
chandising Association has 
| rigid qualifications for mem- 
bership. There is a provision 
that members must operate 
only machines that dispense 
goods and services. They must 
show when they are empty. 
There are specifications as to 
quality and cleanliness and 
frequency and —T of serv~ 
icing. 


All a customer |™ost. 


and | 
in- | 


Officials point to the top- | 
merchandising done by | 
| the machines and the fact that | 
| the business is now more than | 
30 times what it was 10 years 


in | 


This policy of encouraging 
everyone who shows enough in- 
telligence and skills to run a 
business, to play an effective vart 
in Germany's economic develop- 
ment and operation is due chiefly 
to Prof. 
ister of .Economics.. 


Minute Analysis 
In 1948 when Professor Erhard 


change-over from control to a 
free economy and a new mark, 
he studied hundreds of reports, 
tables, and graphs presented to 
him by experts. The leading 
economic institute of Germany, 

including some of the world’s 
distinguished — economists, 

for example, showed conclu- 
sively that without strict controls 
and planning there would be | 


about six million unempleyed. 


AH the-charts and arguments,. 


more | 


Germany are in fact unemploy-. 


“employed percentage that exist | “thé first step toward reunifica- 


in free economy nations. 
Marked Contrast 
West Germany is one of the 
few countries of the world which 


exports more than it imports; 
its industry, of which the pro- 
ductive capacity had fallen only 


per cent between 1939 and) 
1945, 


is_ now the best equipped 
in Europe, and it is by far the 


largest creditor among European | 


nations. 
In West Germany the oil 
shortage has made far less differ- 


-ence.than in any other European 


country. But in East Germany, 
as. admitted in a talk by the 


chief planner, Herr Leuschner,| 


The political return of the 
Saar to Germany has been 
universally as 
| tion: " The implied second step 
obviously involves East Ger- 
many; the numberof further 
Steps is left to the imagination, 
The economic effectS 6f.the first 
step are being staggered over 
the next three years; the éco- 
nomic effects of the second step 
are of course strictly hypotheti- 
-eal, but have been given deep 
study. 
| The reentry of East Germany 
into a free economy would be 
comparable to the return to nore 
mal atmosphere of an under- 
ground worker who had been 
under air pressure. Readjust- 
ment in a kind of air lock would 
be necessary. 


Cinef il 


incorroge 


Producers of the current, 


Motion Picture oe 
Film 
Producers 


Ate ®o 


nationally televised 


series. “HOW CHRISTIAN SCIENCE HEALS.” 


We welcome the opportunity to serve you on your 


film requirements — industrial, 
educational and religiou-. 


TV commercial, 


1515 No. Western Avenue 


HOLLYWOOD 27 
CALIFORNIA 


THE SIGN OF QUALITY Ftucms 


Ludwig Erhard, Min- 


for aircraft. 


To fill this fob, 


This job provides the 
vironment of progress 


educational assistance 
excellent. 


wb * 


MECHANICAL 
DEVELOPMENT 


A large New England manufacturer of: pre- 
cision mechanical equipment has a positiog, for 
a man to join a small project group that is de- 
veloping a gas turbine driven power system 


the man must have 
a Bachelor's Degree in 
Engineering and at least two years’ 
engineering experience. 


to grow rapidly into a senior position. An en- 


Your inquiry 


BOX P-28, ONE NORWAY § 


Mechanica! 


opportunity for a man 


is backed up with an 
program, Salaries are 


is welcome 


T., BOSTON 15, MASS. 


Engineers From 40 States 
Moved Into The Boston Area 
an The Last. 2. Years. 


TO ‘WORK WITH GENERAL ELECTRIC 
at the Small Aircraft Engine Department 


WHAT'S THE SECRET OF THE ATTRACTION? | 
.-- it’s the opportunity for engineers to sink their teeth in 
projects that call for every iota of their professional skill 
and inventiveness. 


.-. it’s the satisfaction of working with an organization 
that’s been making engineering history —ever since it was 
established —3 years ' ago—creating power plants that 
pack more and more power in smaller and smaller pack- 


ages.. 


design sophistication.” 


++» AND HE OUGHT TO KNOW, for he directed the many-sided 
efforts of many top notch engineers in developing the new 
T-58 turboshaft that you've been reading about recently 
in technical magazines and newspapers. 


Designed in the first instance for the U. S. Navy, the T-58 
is destined to be a power plant of many applications, for 


commercial as well as military use,.in both helicopters and 
other small aircraft. 


«+ AND OF COURSE, THE T-58 IS ONLY ONE of the high 
power—low weight engines “in the works” at the Small 


Aircraft Engine Qepartment in West Lynn in the turbo- 
prop, turboshaft-and turbofan fields. 


engines with what a manager here calls “mechanical 


POSITIONS OPEN NOW FOR MORE ENGINEERS 
interested in this stimulating kind of advanced engineering 


For more information and appointment 


Call Mr. Ted Woerz—LYnn 8-1805 


(For engineering copertunitios with Aircraft Accessory Turbine 
De 


pt. see their ad in today's paper.) 


SMALL AIRCRAFT ENGINE DEPARTMENT 


GENERAL @® ELECTRIC 


3000 WESTERN AVENUE, WEST LYNN, MASS. 


Cy 


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__By Harry C. Kenney _ 


Staff Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 


New York 
The International Longshore- 


a tty 857M 


4 


men’s Association and the New | 


York Shipping Association have | 


finally emerged from a 614. | 
month ..contractual dispute and 


a 5-day strike into general | 
agreement on a 3-year contract. 
Once both sides resolved that | 


the best arrangements had been | 
drained from weeks. of heated | 
debate and flaring declarations, | 


adoption of an agreement mov ed | 
negotiation papers | 
are being drawn up and rati- | 


fast. Final 


fieation. bythe union member- 
ship “is expected to 
shortly. 


Pensions Improved 


The longshoremen have won) 
a 32-cent-an-hour pay increase | 


to be spread over the three-year 


fotiow * 


period, They also got about what | 
they wanted in extra employer | 


contribution to welfare funds; 
longer paid vacations and holi- 


days; improved pension benefits; | 


and guaranteed pay for “call- 
out” time. 

There is considerable gratifi- 
cation here about | 
ending of the strike...In. times 
past the dock disputes have tied 
up the harbor for long periods 
resulting in costly and unfortu- 
nate losses for workers and 
shippers alike plus extreme 
hardship upon people and busi- 
ness. 

And the agreements. in this 
strike have come about largely 
as the result of persistent efforts 
on the part of federal media- 
tors Who were 
struggling with almost 
sible conditions. The 
Hartley Act's 80-day 
off” period had run its course 
and the shippers and long- 
shoremen seemed miles apart. 


impos- 


Taft- 


There was even a split in union | 


ranks. 


Mediators Prevail 


Yet, the meditators were able 
to keep the parties talking and 
finally a proposition emerged 
which cleared the way for 45,000 
longshoremen to return to work 
and for 178 companies in the 
shippers association along with 


other shippers. on the coast to/| 


’ resume international trade. 

While there are many details 
to be worked out over the con- 
ference table, Louis Waldman, 
ILA counsel declared that “to 
all intents and purposes, the 
entire strike is over. 

Alexander P. Chopin, chair- 
man of the shipping association, 
made a statement in which he 
said that the contract offered by 
the shippers “is the most gen- 
erous contract in waterfront 
collective bargaining anywhere. 
It will cost, over its duration, 


~~ $56,474,000, with $38,000,000. g0-- 


ing for wages and $7,000,000 for 
welfare.” 


' Dues Deduction Set 


This executive then 
lenged the longshoremen “to 
repeat the traditional charge 
that they gave us ‘nuttin.’” 
William V. Bradley, president 
of the independent ILS, replied 
to Mr. Chopin: “Whether we 
got nothing or something, § I! 


the quick | 


constantly © 


“cooling | 


chal- | 


' 


United Press 
Now: Back to Work? 


don’t know, 
men will accept it.’ 


“sort of master contract” 
cluding the north Atlantic ports 
covering wages, hours, and 
shipper contributions to pen- 
\sions and welfare. This was 
done by mutual consent. The 
‘union in the beginning was 
holding fast for a pact that 
would include all Atlantic and 
Gulf ports but was enjoined by 
federal court from insisting on 
such a broad area as a~ pre- 
-requiusite to further bargain- 
| ing. 

The ILA also will gain more 
control over its locals through 
an agreement whereby the em- 
'ployers will deduct union dues 
from workers’ pay and forward 
|it to the union, This is a type 
iof “check-off’ system which | 
will mean more. power. to Cap- | 
tain Bradley in dealing with 
the “recalcitrants.” 
| 45,000 longshoremen in the total 


affected area’ and 25,000 inthe 


New York port. 
Tugboats Still Idle 

While pier peace seems to be 
rset, the 17-day~-old tugboat strike 
continues to go on -although 
there is progress reported in 
many of the areas of dispute. 
Union and management repre- 
sentatives are working around 
the clock for agreement. Beyond 
this officials of both groups are 
making offers and counteroffers 


which are being considered. 


Federal mediators are at work 
in this strike also and are insti- 
tuting “specialized approaches” 
to the particular tugboatmen 
problems and are 
by... preving- negotiations.’ 
i'this strike it seems that working 
conditions, rather than wages, 
have been the chief stumbling 
biocks. 

Beyond this, however, are 
health benefit issues, pension 
payments, paid holidays, and 
vacations. Actually, at the last 
count, there were eight non- 
money demands and the em- 
ployers were reported to have 
agreed to more than five. 


Senate Unit. Slates 


Sh rer 


ce on 


Vote 


By the Associated Press 


Washington 
judiciary subcom- 
mittee has voted to bring civil- 
rights legislation to a_ vote 
March 5. It was a major defeat 
for opponents of the legislation 
who have followed a strategy of 
secking to delay action 

Senator Thomas C. Hennings, 
Jr. (D) of Missouri,. the sub- 
committeeman, announced the 
vote was 4-2. 

Senator Hennings 


A Senate 


said he is 


mua prepared to hold public hearings | 

“six dayg§ ‘a-week from now 
the day the-subcommittee “<acts:4 

He said this would permit 14) 
“we'll | 
have as many hearings as pos- | 
subcommittee | 


to 


days of hearings, and 
sible,” but the 
would proceed to a_ vote on 
March 5 regardless of how 
many it it possible to hold. 

Subcommittee approval would 
send the civil-rights measures 
to the full judiciary committee. 

The subcommittee vote was 
reported to have aligned Sen- 
ators Henning, Joseph  C. 
©'’Mahoney (D) 
Arthur V.- Watkins (R) of 
Utah and Roman L. Hruska (R) 
of Nebraska in favor of a mo- 
tion by Senator Hennings to 
set the time limit on hearings 
with Senators Olin D. Johnston 
(D) of South Carolina and Sam 
J. Ervin (D) of North Carolina 
voting “no.” 

The subcommittee staff said 
Senator Barry Goldwater (R) of 
Arizona is the only witness now 
scheduled to be heard 

Senator Goldwater would tes- 
tify, they said, on his proposal 
that any civil-rights legislation 
include a provision throwing 
federal support behind state 
“right-to-work” laws which for- , 
bid union-shop collective-bar- | 
gaining contracts. 

The administration has op- 
posed Senator Goldwater's idea | 
of making “the right to work a 
civil right,” as he puts. it. 


of Wyoming, | 


Hungarian Girl Lands 


By the Associated Press 


Los Angeles 
A little girl born in a dis- 


placed persons camp has won a. 


job on television. 
Anna Marie Nanasi, 10. blond | 
daughter of Hungarian-born Dr. 
is Nanasi and his wife, will 
receive $2,000 for television spot 
Conimervinie during the next 
year. 
Her contract has . been ~ap- 
roved jn Superior Court here. 
originally from 
oe ahead of the So- 
iets in 1945 


Senator Watkins Was 
senator 
hearings. 

Last month, before the group 
began its hearings, Senator Hen- 
nings proposed that a time eon 
of two weeks be placed on the 
but his motion lost 4-3. At thet 
time, Senator Watkins voted | 
against the motion. 


~— ae 


the key 
in the vote to limit the 


Sar ote ne 


Blaze That Rase di. 


Home. for-Elderly- 


rari oi Press 
Warrenton, Mo. 
In the aftermath of the fire 
which in just a few minutes 
destroyed the Katie Jane Me- 
morial Home for elderly people, 
authorities are devoting 
efforts 


By the As 


to 


the cause of the blaze. 

Seventy of the 155 inmates, 
45 of them women, were re- 
ported missing. A few may be 
accounted for when it is pos- 
sible to check with relatives 
who may have taken some of 
the rescued to their homes in 
towns nearby. Property damage 
was estimated at $250,000. 

Woodrow O’Sullivan, operator 
of the home, said he had no idea 
what caused the fire, the speed 
of which puzzled authorities. 

“I’ve spent $30,000 trying to 
fix it up just to prevent some- 
thing like this,”’ said Mr. O’Sulli- 
van, explaining that there were 
no heating stoves in the build- 
ing. The home was heated by 
steam from a powerhouse a 
block away. Cook stoves in the 
| kitehen used liquefied petroleum 
'fuel stored in pressure. tanks 
100 yards behind the building. 


Mayor Oscar H. Kossina said | 
ithe Warrenton Volunteer Fire | 


| Department had inspected. the 
/ home only four weeks ago and 


it had “passed inspection.” Mr. | 
Hollywood TV Contract dowsqupinn also 


reported the 
ome was given an “OK” by the 
oe Department of Health and 
| Welfare only“three days ago in 
a periodic inspection. 
However, William T. Fife, 


| Fife Prevention, said the private 
nursing home at Warrenton does 
not come under his jurisdiction 
and that state inspections of 
such institutions are coneerned 
primarily with sanitation and 
medication. He said his jurisdic- 
tion on fire hazards extends 
only to state-operated institu- 
tions. 


DIST. OF COLUMBIA 
WASHINGTON 


ONTA RIO 


MANCHESTER 


(Continued) 


(Continued) 


TORONTO 


(Continued) 


Pictures and Frames 
gp Detenenon: Since 1871 


1512 Conn. Avenue DU 7-2322 


but I am sure the | 
One of the important agree- 


/ments was on the adoption of a | 
in=- ’ 


There are | 


“encouraged | 
In.) 


“Ts Being oO Probed 


their >= 
caring for the sur-| 
vivors and trying to determine | 


MOTORISTS 


if you wish to save on fuel, 
Take your car to A. J. Buell; 
He can tune your motor. too 
So that it will run like new. 
Bueli’s Carburetor & Ignition Service 
811 10th St. N.W. ME 8.5777 


MAINE 
AUBURN 


RANGE and FUEL OILS 


Prompt 
Metered Deliveries 


Diel 2-8671 


WHITEHOUSE 
OIL CO. 


10 South Goff St., Auburn, Maine 


BANGOR 


DEPARTMENT STORI 


Dresses -* -Coate © -Hate 
| Hosiery @ Lingerie @ Bags 
Gloves and Children’s.Weas 


889 MAIN STREET BANGOR. MAINE 


\(%) RINES CO. 


. a . 

Ladies’ Fine Apparel 
Dresses Coats Hats Hosiery 
Costume Jewelry and Lingerie 

Bags Gloves 
43 MAIN STREET 


Remember . ... you are 
always welcome at 
MERCHANTS 
NATIONAL BANK 
OF BANGOR 


8 Convenient Locations 
25 Bread St.. Bangor 
Union St at i4th. Bangor 
77 N. Main St. Brewer 


LUFKIN’S 
Since 1394 
Candy makers of quality 
Candy Mailed te Any Part of the World 
When you want something different 
Come to 
LUFKIN’S 


Flame of Pine Tree Taty 
69 COLUMBIA &T. EL. 


Bangor 


Furniture Company 


Complete House Furnishers 
‘OUR MOTTO 
“Best Possible Quality at Lowest 
Posseble Prices” 
R488 HAMMOND STREET 


' 


- 


oR19 


LEWISTON 


| ANSURING _ 


Civil Rights 


ANYTHING WORTH 
INSURING 


LOBB-WINSLOW, Inc. 


138 MAIN STREET wJiol 4-5785, 4-5786 


PORTLAND 


BENTLEY'S RESTAURANT 


Serving 
HOME COOKED FOOD 


ir a Pleasant Atmosphere 


Closed Sunday: r 


5 Forest Ave. 


for the finer foods 


Aged Heavy Steer Beef 
Dehwerries—City, Cape; Falmouth 


Tel. SP 4-1488 64 Pine St., 


baad Bangor, Maine | 


Call DINSMORE'S | 


Portland | 


RADIO SI 


~Maine’s Most Unusual 


Mext to °ublic Library 


625 Congress Street 
Portland, Maine 


BART 


Specializing in Service 


PORTLAND'S ! 


NEW 


Princess Corset Shoppe | 


| 


§76 CONGRESS ST. 


(OPPOSITE FOREST AVE.) 


Sur PRISE / oan 


5 lengths 


Front and 
A, B, C 


Beck Hook | 


& D Cup 


from 


2.00 


to 5.50 


(ataagss 


REGISTERED JEWELER 
AMERICAN GEM SOCIETY 


JEWELRY 
CHINA 
SILVER _ 
CLOCKS 


Expert Clock and Watch Repair 
| Highest Quality 


S521 Congress St. 


SP $-0291| 


| 


FUEL OIL 


LUNT HEATING CO. 


STATE ELEC. LIC. #2 


CAPE ELIZABETR 


Tel. SPruce 4-3031 


OIL BURNER 


STATE PLBG. LIC. £508 SERVICE DEPT 


MARYLAND 


|_____ ANNAPOLIS 


| Real Estate 


Insurance 


JOSEPH D. LAZENBY 


/215 Main St. 


Phone Annapolis 2685 


| NEW HAMPSHIRE 


CONCORD 


H. ARRY . EMMONS 
New Spring Coats 


Regular, Junior and 


Brief Sizes 


$35.00 to $59.95 


Nawy, Gray, 
im Taceeds and Plain 


Natural and Pastels 


Matertals 


For the Best Results in 


Dry Cleaning, Tailoring, 


| and pod Work 


William, ¢ the 


Tailor 


Dial CA '5-2031- 


| 815 Chestnat St. 


108 MANCHESTER S81 


| “IACKMAN & LANG, Inc. ‘Geo. Bowen Fuel CO., ine. 


CHAS. J. McKEE, Meneger - 


INSURANCE AND BONDS 


2 Se. Main Street 


Concord, WN. H 


Established 1867 


The Dustin & Smith Agency, Inc. 
| INSURANCE 


Is Our Business 
MAY WE SERVE YOU? 


7 School Street 


Dial CA 4-166) 


HARDY ant. MeSWINEY: 


Har-Mae 


Good Clothes 


31 North Main 


Street 


Josef Hofmann 
By the Associated Press 
Los Angeles 

Josef Hofmann, who passed 
on here Feb. 16, 
born concert pianist, a composer, 
a teacher of gifted pupils, a di- 
rector of a great conservatory, 
and an inventor 
devices and auto accessories, 
which he held 
patents. 

As a boy he took time from 
concert tours in Europe, Scan- 
dinavia, and the United States 
to invent extension pedals and 
heel rests so his short legs could 
manipulate piano pedals. Some 
‘critics later claimed his me- 
chanical skill, envinced in his 
music, made his playing 
flawless, too mechanical.” 

But still later, as he reached 
maturity as an artist, critics 
agreed his technique was “not 


for 
more than 60 


'surpassed by that of any living | 


player.” 

In 1924, Hofmann became the 
director of the newly founded 
Curtis Institute, 
Mrs. Mary Louise Curtis 
with $12,500,000. 

Hofmann first came to the 


‘of 11. 

At 16 Hofmann became the 
| first and only pupil of the cele- 
brated Anton Rubinstein. 
first recital as a™“fimished artist 
was given in Cheltenham, Eng- 
tand, on Nov. 20, 1894. His last | 
public appearances were in Los 
Angeles at the Hollywood Bow! 
|and the: Embassy Auditorium in > 
the early 1940's. 


of mechanical] 


“too | 


endowed by 
Bok | 


| state LE Ratety ona United States in 1887 at the age 


Endicott 


FURNITURE CQMPANY 


Complete Home Furnishings 
12 South Main Street 


} 


: James Stewart 
ROUND HOUSE DAIRY 


. . Cob ser pe rreranreve —_ coum 
nr eer eee oe Nee eee et Wer ee 


“The Rug Shops 


CARPET SPECIALISTS 
Bi hisses HEAVENLY CARPETS by LEES | 


also a 
“Mohawks, Avexonde: Smiths ond 


32 other rome bronds 
, CALA FOR THE ROLLING RUC SHOP 
AND FREE DECORATING SERVICE 
Phone H-30707 3829 Kecoughten Read 


Conrecriomery Co 


MANCHESTER, N. H. 
|61 Henove: Street 897 Elm 
Concord, MN. H. 9 North Mein 
Lewrence, Mass. 401 Essex 
Monae Muine 560 Congress 


Street 
Sfreet 


P Stasronery 


© Books 


© Typewriters 


+ © Offtce Supplies 


Gondman's Bookstore ~~ 
809 Elm Street 


Complete Showing of 


' 
| -~<National Brand 


Solid. Silver 


JAMES W. HILL CO. THE YOUNG MEN’S SHOP, 


Manchester, New Hampshire 


A Reliable, Dependable 
- Department Store 
for Over 80 Years 


Wen é Sayles 


FURS INC, 
679 ELM STREET 


If you do not know furs— 
know yvour furrier 


BOY’S MARKET 
Home Cooked Pastry 


Choice 
MEATS — FRUIT 
VEGETABLES | 
Dial 55407 


pn 


| Cleaners and Dyers 


TEL 93571 


PORTSMOUTH 


EASTMAN’S 
CLEANERS—DYERS 


“Keep Clean With Gene” 


Gring your work te as for orempt service 


*295 State Street 


| *Right around the corner from Post Office | 


| 


RHODE ISLAND 
NEWPORT 


JOHN LAWTON’S FISH MARKET 


MAKE OUR PHONE LINE 
YOUR FISH LINE 
102 Thames Street 
WE DELIVER 
Viking 6-2460 


Street 


Street 


1 LYNCHBURG 
In LYNCHBURG It’s 


ILLNE 


For Custom Mode 


Slipcovers and Draperies 


NEWPORT NEWS 


a 
mont 


Find the suit of your choice at 


sa ae 


Virginia at 44th 
Newport News. 


| and 
| Complete Wardrobe Accessories 


'7107-9 Washington Ave. Ph. $1571. 
—_—_—_—_—_—_—_S__ 
| toon FOR TBAB BItGn 


TH 
Vhe & & Ps 


7) 
“ 2 
ers wee 
A Fine Uollection of Gifts 
Fer Thoughtiul Givers 
And Nationally Advertised Watches 


|Watehes. mone 6.1524 


| Watches. 


2902 adhe Ave 


— Services 
lecks. Jewelry 


: NORFOLK 
B. F. RANDOLPH 


| FUEL OML 


Printed Ticket Meter Service 
Prompt Oelivery 
New oddress: 5611 Lewis Rood, Lensdole 
New phone; Lo» ell 30186 


Jewelers and Silv ers miths 


229 Cidsiee Ries 
ESTABLISHED 1909 


ROANOKE 


Mencb ys 


See our complete ste of 


ROLEX WATCHES 


for Men. from $155 — 


HENEBRY’S JEWELERS 


| 209 SOUTH JEFFERSON STREET 


For that Pretty Dress, 
Coat and Suit 


VISIT 


JOS. SPIGEL, Ine. 


FUEL OIL 
AND COAL 


Bowen's Wharf Tel. 


PERROTTI'S. 
LUNCHEONETTE 


Perfumery — Photo Supplies 


| 


176 Broadway, Newport, R. IL. 
20° 


Tel. Jad 


WALSH BROTHERS 


_ Newport's Finest Store—Since 1874 
' 214-222 Thames St.—204 Bellevue Ave | 


Dealer in Estate Electric Ranges 


for Newport County 


Milk and Cream 


Forest Ave.. Middletown. “ft. lL. 
Tel. 403-W 


VI 6-2242 


Peabo 
ONE OF VIRGIN 
GREAT ney 


| WARWICK 


Spas 


Inc. 
9961 Warwick Road 


HUNTINGTON 


FRED M. FERGUSON: 


Plumbing 


Phone _2-2426. 
1048 Madison Avenue 


| MORGANTOWN 


GOFFSTOWN 


-was a Polish- |! 


REPAIRS 


Geffstown 474) 


South Weare Garage, tn. 


Weare 700 


LACONIA 


The Oscar A. Lougee.Co. 


476 Main St.. Laconia, N. H. 
Phone 334 


“Laconia’s Largest 


| QOne-Floor Department Store” 


Northern Heating & Plumbing Co., inc 
CONTRACTORS 


ENGINEERS 


17-2) WATER STREET 
A. C. TROMBLY. President 
TELEPHONE LACONIA 706 


MANCHESTER 


His | 


_ Where flowers are 

always freshest and 

| artistically 
‘| a ae ie 

= ee STREET 
NE 5-7839 


arranged 
aye 


Florists 


‘Sullivan Hardware, Inc. 
TWO STORES FOR YOUR SHOPPING 
CONVENIENCE 


130 Broadway 
One Mile Corner 


Tel. 
Tel. 


1226 
379 


Free De,ivery 


VERMONT 


| BRATTLEBORO 
Barrows Coal Co. Inc. 


High-Gradeé Coal 
Range and Furnace Oil | 


ALpine 4-4574 Brattleboro, Vt. 


VIRGINIA 


ALEXANDRIA, 
ARLINGTON 


Have Your Clothes Cleaned 
the “Southern” Way! 


SOUTHERN Dry 
CLEANING Co. 


223 N. Payne Street 


BRAND-NAME PRODUCTS 


You'll find the worthy bronds oadver- 
tised in The Christian SXience Monitor 
ot your local stores. 


SOO he eompangrengcobanse 


———.. 


COAL, 


For Unlimited Fashions 


Prices «... 


Monaged by Jean Devis 


x 
| with you in mind 


HOTEL MORGAN -. PHONE 3722 


—WEST-VIRGINTA ~~ 


\queltity ana « comotete 
using the very tatert methods 


A Borden Product 
JA 2-6811 


GUELPH LINE 
FLORISTS 


el taundry services to 


choose from RE- 
VITALIZED Grveisanane of exceptional 
ewig, Bn Me 
tanndry 
or Arvcileaninge «fvice 


LEnnox 5-2161 
TORONTO 


AND ORY CLEANERS 


oe 
MILNES 


FUEL OIL 


Quality and Service 


i _— Lime ¥ Bus. Street 6 DEPOTS IN TORONTO 


RR! 
Phone NE 4¢-2508 


Flowers for Ali Occasions 
Datiy Delivery te Hamiltes 


Va. 


; 


m4 BUTTER 


OTTAWA 


Dordens 


Pure, peasteurized 


MILK 


Freshly churned 


= 


Smooth, deliciously Hlevoured 


ICE CREAM 


Fresh 


| EGGS 


Call 


CE 2-5741 


IN D) CZ. FRANK R. FORD CO. | 


ara 


BA Metcalf Street 


lute BANK STREET 
(73 CLARENCE &TREET 


- FWARGU 


KEROSENE for Regular or Special Delivery 


393-Somerset Street. West 


MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 
"| SHEET MUSIC RECORDS 
PIANOS ORGANS 
REFRIGERATORS 
STOVES WASHERS 
CARPETS DRAPES 


5 Complete Fioors of 
Quality Furnitur 


RME S 


175-179 SPARKS STREET 


_ Sadana peices fae zx — 


____ BIRKS 
STERLING SILV 


Registered Jewelers 
American Gem Society 


Open ¥:00 a.m. to 56:30 o.m. daily 


T_T SS 


PRODUCTS. LIMITED 


POLISHING 
MACHINES 


Duro Gloss Self Polishing Was 


- Paste Wax — Floor Cleaners 
Sweeping Compounds 


relephone CE 2-575! 


HUNTER’S CLEANERS 


formerly 


Hlousehold Laundry 


787 Carling-Ave. CE 3-8428, 


ltaqeg-s: FARES. 


J. E MARTIN, LID. 


RAMSEY’S HOUSE PAINTS 
INTERNATIONAL MARINE 
PAINTS 
SUNTESTED WALLPAPERS 


CE 38-9252 


E 


T LIMITED 


| Fuel Merchants 


eee ee —aaaoees 
; 


ONTARIO 


; 
: 


HAMILTON, 


(fermerty Tasker’s) 
Made-to-Measure Clothes 
\64 King St. E. 


COKE and FUEL OIL 
236 Bank Street CE 2-5777 


TORONTO 
TORONTO 


Growing Cuty in the World’ 


J. A. Willoughby & Sons 


Realtors 
Industrial Investments 
City and Country Homes 
County Estates and Farms 


Head Ofhce, 46 Eglinton East 
Phone HU 1-339) 
PORONTO, CANADA 


ARTHUR J. FROST, LID. 


70 Hallam Street 
Florist 
For Any Occasion 
GARDEN PLANTS 


3 LIMITED 


TEL, LE 1-1103 


= Yonge St. 


658 Pape Ave 


em 
ENGLISH -CHINA | 


| 
BIRKS| 


CE. 8-5195 | 


Of: UN 6-6411 


DONLANDS ENHER AND SETTER 
DAIRY. 


- 
City Wide Service 


ss Doniands Avenue HArgrave 216) 


Dhaak Yout.. 


HU 1-6141 


Pickering Farms 


Food Market 
FREE PARKING 


852 Yonge Street, at Oevenport? 
692 Queen £., ot Broadview 


Dixie Ploze, et Dixie Reed 
Clifftsiae Plaze, Kingston Reed 


VALLEY VIEW DAIRY 


T. Reberts & Sons Lea. 


Por the 
Best in 
Datry 
Products 


Toronto's 
Most Modera 
Dairy 


608 Me, 
Pleasant 
MO 0208 


HA. 1152 __ 


| PRINTING 


Duggan E 7 Car Lam 


3357 DANFORTH AVE 


TELEPHONE OX. 9-5566 


a 


Callow Dyothers 


LIMITED 
845 Adelaide St.. West TORONTO 


Commercial Stationery 


| | Office Supplies, Printing, ete. 


i\For 


Dependable Service Call EM &-IR56 


Hedges the Mover Ltd. 


‘Furniture Storage Specialists 


Local and Nationwide Moving 
Packing —Crating—Shipping 


806 Mount Pieasant Roaa foeronte Ont, 
heiephene MAytair 44564 


QUEBEC 
MONTREAL 


) MS American Gentlemen— 


we suggest 
Pure Wool 
ARGYLE 
HALF HOSE 
From England 
None Finer 
‘Max Beauvais en 
385 St. James Street We 


“Montreal's Quality Store for Men” 


Just Calt 
ME 71-8578 


about 


INSURANCE 


We Sell All Kinds and Will Gladly 


Give You Advice Without Charge 


Herhert 4H. Court 


Phone 85211 Launderers bry-leaning Avenue, Lachine. Quebee 


You 


RETIREMENT INCOME” 


Come and see me 


MORRIS 5. SIMMS 


SUN LIFE ASSURANCE. CO. 
OF CANADA 
Montreal 


Res. CA 4912 


In Mon Pet 


it has been Ogilvy’s 
for linens since 1866 


JAS, A. OGILVY'S Limited 


‘St. Catherine and Mountain Sts. 


Sella's 
Exclusive Hat Shop 


Hats Fitted on the Head 
Hiats Remodelied 


7157 St. Catherine Street, West 


Seville Theatre Buildin Wi oo74 


| 


} 
’ 


Montreal's 
Favorite Shopping Centre 


MCLAUGHLIN & HARRISON, Reg’d 


Custom Tailors and Clothiers 
Haberdashers 
Phone AV 8-3544 
1461 McGill College Avenue 
MONTREAL 


If You Were Advertising 


wouldn’t you like to know the 

results of your efforts? That's 

why advertisers in The Christion 

Science Monitor ore always so 

pleased when you tell them you 

sow their advertisement in the 
Monitor. 


‘stint ae ee ee ous seers: 


whys 


Tatts 


DeSales: | Words. of Current. Interest | 


y § et ae PE Ces 
= ee as . 2 


_y ipestle- Section 


| Pees ii. ae ee 


rd. OFMY. Noo 
ay /lours ™ 


fe Uniess otherwise specified. (Pronunciations are from Webster's New Interna-_ 


i ee 


’| find ourselves, by the obligations | 


*.| To our convenience, we are at} 
©) liberty to distribute the thought} 
»= | between the.two parts of speech | 


tional Dictionary, Second Edit 


Cannot—We have ‘been asked | “especially in speaking ‘with | | 


to give the correct pronuncia- 
tion of this commonly ‘used 
word. It is kan’-not (both vow- 


els short). 


Cleopas (Luke 24:18)—Kle’- 


/O-pas (e long, o quick-long as 


in obey, a short). An early dis- 
ciple of Sanus. whose identity is 
obscure, 


Communieations (Luke 24:17) 
~—In stating am occurrence, we 


of grammar, placing a verb and 
a noun in relation to each other. 


* | as judgment advises. Under this 


‘advantage, we may make the 
verb-earry the burden of expres-|, 
\sion: or, if we prefer, we may. 
make the noun do it. The natu- | P 


4; ral’ style, perhaps, is to let the | 7). Bible, non tentabo: and it| 


verb assume full responsibility 


‘for the action and to sink the 
‘noun into second place. To take 
the incident outlined in Luke) 
24:17, the King James Version | 
‘reads—“What manner of com-| 


munications are these that ye 


ei have one to another...?’ The 


Polly Thompson adds the finishing touch to a hat she has helped a friend to make 


Hats for Friends and Neighbors 


veiling resumes its crispness when ironed be- 
tween two pieces of waxed paper. 
When a friend needs a new hat, Polly takes 


Gospel Greek text, by other pro- 
cedure, runs in line-upon-line 
fashion—“What are these words 
that vou cast back and forth at 
one another?” The two rhetori- 
cal arrangements would, tif 
marked on the blackboard with 


‘the equals sign between them, 


make correct algebra, In oppo- 
site ways, they both say the 
same thing. The two comprise 


an exact pair as to Meaning, | 


while presenting an inversion of 
form. It becomes, in fine, a case 
of the scholars of 1611 attaining 


reverence of the Divine Being.” | 
Therefore, though plain short o| 
undeniably has the best author- | 


| ity,.a person who is accustomed | 


to softening the o does not have | 
to feel that he is completely un- 
recognized. ! 


Tempt (Isa. 7 7:12)—We need | 
i hardly feel eltined to set Ahaz 
on a pedestal for his high-| 
spirited reply—‘“neither will I) 
tempt the Lord,” It is a common | 
enough attitude, indeed, for an | 
Israelite to get himself into; 


inamely, of seeming to demand 


something of the Lord as a pri- 
vate. right. When the King; ' 
therefore, loftily replies that he | 
will not “tempt” the Lord, he'| 
almost deciares that he could) 
“tempt” the Lord if he wanted 
ito. The English rendering, 
“tempt,” is undeniably a trans- 
erence of - the’ phrase “of the’ 


may accordingly be regarded as | 
the word of the Latin Bible} 
merely Anglicized, For modern 

instances, Moffatt represents a 

theological slant, reading — “I | 
will not put the Eternal to any | 
test.” An American Translation. 

Basic, and Revised Standard of 

1952 all follow him with the be- 

traying word “test.” Dictionary- 

wise, “tempt” is 14th century, 

if not 13th, in English. “Tempt- 

ing” God, we may say in ex- 

treme view, amounts to “defy- 

ing’ God; and in frank, external 

witness, wé may suppose that 

could be the Hebraic significa- 

tion. 


Associated Press 


“Pegquita,” 


Davis of Paris. 


ee a 


‘ —EE————— 


‘Hello, New York!’_ 


a Mexican chihuahua, 
York aboard the liner United States. 
in a traveling bag while she waits for her mistress. 


As the Small Fry See It 


Words selected from the Christian 
Science Quarterly Lesson-Sermon {for 
March 3 


We were distussi 
and their expected 


a a Sane 


the holiddadvs 


shbol ~ Criit 


ying. “I have 


has just arrived 
She finds easy 


Refugee’s Tribute 


Ludington, Mich. 


The third-place winner in 
their “Voice of Democracy” cone 
test sponsored by the Ludington 
Junior Chamber. of Commerce 
was 17-year-old Magdalen A, 
Sutula. Magdalen is a Polish 
relugee. 

She .wrote with feeling, “De- 
mocracy! My new found free- 
dom, I cherish you. America, fy 
home, I love you. It has been five 
years since ] set foot on the free 
and democratic soil of the United 
States. I] watched vou in the 
American way of life and pre- 
pared myself to qualify for citi- 
zen hip under your flag. On Nov, 
19. y dream was realized 

oll be ‘ame a naturalized citizen 
of the United States.” 

The young Ludington girl has 
a background of vears of flight 
from the Communists. Magdalen 
was born the vear the war broke 
out in Poland, and her family 
was Shoe to Siberia. The 
miother sent her younger chil- 
adrén to an orphanage in Iran, 
From there the camp of refugee 
children moved to India: laterta 
Africa, to Italy and finally in 
1949 to Montreal 

Magdalen has lived with the 


inh bls Oi ecb lade i fe | 


therefore go, 
and | will be with thy 
mouth, and teach thee 
what thou shalt say.— 
~ Ex. 4:12. 

MAXINE, W. KUMIN ©. - MM Hammes, 


Ringwood Hants Eneland 


Panel Parade _ 


Wert Tuser.. Lin gost 
WHEN © 5 

WHEN O1D YOU THEM WHILE 
TAKE Luh : eve WAS A 
STUDYING t?¢ | SODA WITH 


MARMADOKE. 


Making hats is one way of making friends for 
Mrs. Clay Thompson ~| Say it Sutulas now for five years. Her 
Three years ago when a friend in Fort Lando her to a millinery supply store to choose a be- | strength by an-upset of literal- Warm Word« I've never seen him, He's just opinion of. her—new- homeland 
Texas, taught her a little about hats she ha coming buckram frame. Then they. find material | nos = a tl lephone grandpa. was well stated in her essay, 
in mind trimming several old hats instead of for covering it—velvets and furry wools and see siaicaclieaiies | Herbert G Horton ar. ‘America, my home, I love you.” 
buying a new one. But after she became adept rayons for winter hats; lighter cottons, smooth; Correspondence—The first o is | Bradford Washburn, director of Boston’s Museum of Science. ee Helen Langworthy 
at_many of the processes that go into construct- yayons,, and domestic or imported braids for | short as in odd, not circumflex | advises . . . “most clothes that are really warm and comfortable et ae 
ing ladies’ hats she found that helping other spring and summer ones. as in orb. 'are not at all stylish . . . almost always ... the coldest person re res 
women remake their old ones»and fashion new Rich silk flowers and feathers are good on! One of the services which our | on the ski slope . , . is the most stylishly dressed.” News item Astronomy is much in the 
ones was more satisfying than just trimming and winter hats, veiling and lighter flowers on warm- classical predecessors in lan-| : news just now. Conversation V, 
ago her gy - F n weather chapeaux. A special glue Ng apply- | guage did for us was to develop | Dior, Fath, Patullo, note: ranges from fiving saucers to erse 
at is why friends and acquaintances who jing the material to the frame possible without|a system of prepositions and s« . i So ore . aye 
comment on her lovely hats, which usually cost som ag in many cases, and applying trim is not | particles to Bon to primal Dowdy is the warmest coat. spa - ~-trave m me even—the 3 
but a few dollars each, are often invited to her difficult, because the fewer stitches used the | verb stems for extension of their | Sequins, when the north winds bluster ser cnar od abe ar ren Hegin to sss for Today sa 
house for a hat-making session. Many Alex- better. force and their utility. One of On the ski lo e. w n’t st questions about ine moon and 
andria, Va., neighbors have asked her to start Making hats can fill the creative need for many | the most employed. prepositions . SKI SrOpe, Won t pass muster. ncsenicsasnnsii 
a ee classes, But — agp te to “women, Polly thinks: She recommends it be- | jn Latin for compounding with Numb the arms and chill the torso , ) \ 
return the favor her friend gave her by giving cause, besides helping keep her clothing budget verbs is the three-letter cum- OO SE ‘ rte sili tie GP ah eek gp he Fa Ow 
her time and services to athers. within self-prescribed limits, it can be a worth- | (otherwise col-, or cor-). Now Gayly swathed; the sayer, the more so. 4 eee ae ie aE ia 
\ ghow Thompson. quickly dispells any illusions while group activity. cum- and its variant spellings Style is Icy, chie is colder 
of mystery surrounding hatmaking. She usually Her hobby helps solve some of her gift prob- bear the general signification of Ty , on 
Starts friends on an old straw or felt hat which lems, too. Her mother, mother-in-law, and spe-. “with”: Bae cum. ce a plain and Than the bulky-layered shoulder. , as ae a “ 
needs no reshaping but can be brightened with -cial friends know that at Christmas, Easter, and independent modifier of a noun, Fashion has no frost aciimen Papo OS ai eager Na hy eter 
new trimming. Holding the hat over steam from on birthdays bulky but light boxes stamped | means “with” and not much | at a Wiha ygpes'e, eee Ss 
an ordinary kettle for a few minutes (after the “fragile” will arrive by mail. In them are hats | else. Prefix it. however. to a » +. and vanity is human, 
trimming has been removéd) brightens it amaz- with a special label, “Hand Made by Polly | verb stem and you get a new 
ingly before new trimming is put on. Silk flowers Thompson,” personal gifts which are original, word of vast possibilities of 
respond to the same treatment, and bedraggled beautiful, and useful, Margaret Magness metaphor and broadening. For 
the “with” motive carries the 
original verb into such byways 
of friendliness, sociability, and TUBBY 
agreement as you may.-fancy. | = 
For still livelier results, dash in 
the particle re-. You now have 
the idea of “back” and “again” 
added; and often besides an im- | 
‘pulse of haste and immediacy. 
To look at how all this applies 
to such a term as “correspond- 
ence,” the Inside syllable, | 
spond-, denotes “promise,” or 
saying “yes” to something. 
Shape it up into “correspond,” 
and put on the ending -ence, 
you have a noun that will sig- 
_nify anything from “equal 
| measurement” to “letter-writ- 
ing.” All we have to do when 
we have our coinage done is to 
| fix a value and set it in circu- 
lation. 


\... Kmmaus...( Luke .24:13).-—-E-.| 
ma’-us (e short, @ long, wu 
clipped-short as in circus): or 
em’-a-us (e short, a quick-long 
as in chaotic, u clipped-short), | 
Authorities do not completely ll 
agree on the exact location of lev OOSiE =~ 
Emmaus, but they all locate it gy sy ‘REO See , ‘ |] Ler's GO 
as ina westward direction-from LLL Re : 

Jerusalem, ge 


Photographs by L. L. Shaneyfelt 


Endued (James 3:13) — En- 
. dud’ (e short. u long as in 
wooden block supports th ata novice is making under Mr h son's : ris : - 

A pp eh making Irs. Thompson's supervision cube). An old word meaning 
- something the same as the mod- 


2 . ern “endowed,” but perhaps 
iiwadtgashen, | Court 2s Companion . > ae 


a er ee ee a _ ~ eee a —— —— — Rn ee An = — 


with more the shade of “in- 
vested with,” or “possessed of.” 


God — Webster’s prefers a 
short o (as in odd or not) for 
this word, whether it refers to 
pagan. idols..er..to-Deity,. How--:: 


By Grace G. Petersen , Althaugh our neighbors enjoyed sit patiently for an hour or more 
Oceanside, N.Y. | the sight of his splashing around | next to a discarded garden tool, 
~Tiltle did we realize four vears 12m, the ath, rolling on first-one | hopefully awaiting the garden- | 


: “side and then’ the other to cool? ers return. 
ago when we adopted Terry 


from a humane-society shelter 
that we were getting a teacher 


and court jester as well as a. 


companion. We chose him be- 


cause of the intelligence ex-| 


pressed in his face, but all that 
was known of him was that he 
liked children, was about ten 
months old, and housebroken. 
Later a veterinarian toid us he 
thought Terry was probably 
part Irish terrier and part wire- 
haired. 

After Terry had been with us 
for a while we were impressed 
by the example he set, for he 
constantly expected -good, and 
greeted not only each new day, 
but each new activity, with un- 
bounded jov and enthusiasm 

Persistence has: been another 
ef his strong points, although 
this quality has at times had 
humorous results, as it did when 
we were launching our 16-foot 
sailboat one spring. Ray and |! 
were preoccupied at the stern, 
which was still on land, when 
we became aware of much gasp- 
ing for air up near the bow, 
which was already afioat. In- 
vestigation showed Terry swim- 
ming with the towline in his 
mouth, all his steady tugging 
getting him nowhere, of course. 
It took a lot of coaxing to make 


him give up his self-appointed 
' literally 


task. 
DRS OY 


Terry is tremendously fond of 


swimming and’ wil jump over-— 


‘board for a swim in the middle 
of the bay if he is not watched. 
Like many dogs, he will fetch 
anything tossed in the water 
for him. If we stop throwing 


things he runs to the nearest) 


group of children on the beach, 
confident that they will be glad 
to continue the game. 

The first summer we had 


off, we decided something should | 
be done. We placed a large tin | 
tub of water-under- one of our | 


trees for him. Now from early 
spring until late fall Terry en- 


joys his tub, letting himself out | 
-of the kitchen’s screen’ door) ing notice of 


whenever he feels like having a 
cool bath. He also likes to play 


a game. we call “clamdigging,” 


whereby we throw a stone into 
his tub, After locating the stone 
with his front paws, he ducks 
his head into the water to re- 
trieve it, 


” Sake Te 
Terry, by his own choice, is 
more or less a vegetarian. He 
would not eat for us the first 
day or two we had him, until, 
in desperation, someone offered 
him spaghetti! He is especially 


fond of fresh, raw asparagus. | 
Our neighbor grows this and one” 


morning I met her in the garden 
just after she had picked enough 
for her family’s dinner. She and 
[ started chatting. Terry sat up 
at her feet and said “Woof.” 


She absent-mindedly broke off. 
a piece and tossed it to him, This | 
she continued to do until she) 


looked down in amazement at 
her empty hands. Terry had 
eaten the whole bunch! 

But the food that makes Terry 


down to the thin green rind, 
and the enjoyment with which 
he scrapes his teeth along the 
white part of the rind as~he 
does is something to behold! He 
is also allowed to help himself 
to berries from ‘the bushes, and 
apples and pears which fall from 


‘the trees. Why should he not 


reap, inasmuch as he helps to 
sow? One has only to put a spade 
in the ground and tell him he 
may dig and presto—one has a 
large hole. I planted a whole 


As our constant companion, 
Terry goes to work with us each 


day also. And we have become 


accustomed.to having steady 


customers and salesmen give 
him a big greeting before tak- 


our presence. 


ever, customs of pronunciation 
differ in different localities and 
groups, and Webster’s recognizes 
this fact by making a note to 
the.effect that the o is often pro- 
nounced as in soft (halfway be- 
tween short and circumflex), or 
even as in orb (circumflex), 


jump with joy is' 
| watermelon. This he eats right | 


Crossword Puzzle 


Par Time 


acnoss Musical 
1. Shout of study 
terro! 53. Puts 
Twist 24. Cupid 
. Gratify Craftiest 
Pens 
List 
Fisherman Herring- 
Peer like fish 
Gynt's Storage 
mother room 
Passage- 3. Mignonette 
way . Corrode 
. Chinese >». On ihe 
shrub ocean 
. Spreads Deserve 
grass | . Ticket- 
Point 


DOWN 


20 Minutes 


broker Degrades 
Narrow 2. Couch’ 
road 33. Clan 
Poultry Discount 
product Demand 
Wallow payment 
Prophets 37. Pulp¥ mass 
Fixed 38. Likenesses 
charge 39. Hate 
Term of Empties 
address Japanese 
2. Cordage art of self- 

fiber defense 

24. Force Threshold 

26. Period Mongrel 
of light dog 

28. Witticism 51. Beam 


. Saucy |i 
. Solemn 


> 1° Na? 10 


. Compunc- 


tion 

. Doleful 

. Propela 
boat 

. Wandered 

. Lukewarm 
Russian 
city 

. Begin to 
grow 

. City in 
New York 
State 

. Little lie 


Roman god 


. Rug 
. Calcula- 


ting instru- 
ment 


\ a 


x 


By. Lorry. Herris 


= ESEARCH 
LABORATORY 


You're off on the wrong 


foot with this problem, 


Johnson. | sugsest you 
So back to the beginning 
and start over. 


Little People’s Corner 


x 


ae 


. Optical 54 


Terry he climbed into the neigh=— barberry hedge in this manner v4 a ges 


bor’s birdbath every time he} one spring. He is such an en- 
became uncomfortably warm. | thusiastic gardener that he will | 


sy | 


Answer Block Appears Among Advertisements 


' lLoulse Van der Meld 
a 


With Loving Care 


¥ 


| ‘cecil FEBRUARY 18, 1957 


ee ee De a ea ay Pe Matinee | 


Well over a year ago the State 
of Virginia was offered the so-called 
“Gray Plan” as a way of gradual 


adaptation to the Supreme Court 


decision declaring unconstitutional 
mandatory racial segregation in the 
publie schools. Under this plan local 
school districts could have assigned 
pupils either to segregated or inte- 
grated schools to serve best the wel- 
fare of the particular children in- 
volved. Parents who might object to 
an integrated school could have been 
given aid toward tuition in a segre- 
gated private one. 

This plan, though aimed at delay, 
pointed toward the Supreme Court's 
approach to the new adjustment: 
‘consideration of local situations, re- 
gard for local self-determination, and. 
movement. toward a nondiscrimina- 
tory base for American public edu- 
cation. | 

Last fall the Virginia Legislature 
reversed this approach. It defined 
the state constitution’s requirement 
for an “efficient” public school sys- 
tem as meaning a segregated one. It 
ordered state funds withheld from 
districts which desegrepate. And it 
made the Governor instead of local 
school boards the authoritative and 
responsible agency for pupil assign- 
ments, 

This statute, to be sure, endeavors 
to place the whole state between the 
Supreme Court decision and those 
Virginia citizens who adamantly op- 
pose desegregation. And we would 
not dispute that most of the white 
citizens hardly welcome the change. 

But not welcoming a change that 
affects long-standing customs and 
attitudes is one thing. And willing- 
—ness to conferm, however unenthusi- 
astically, to the “supreme Law of 
the Land ... Laws of any State to 


~~ Flexibility and Local Situations 


the Contrary notwithstanding,” as 
the Constitution has it, is quite an- 
other. The Virginia statute, there- 
fore, also thrusts the whole state be- 
tween local school districts and citi- 
zens who thus may wish to conform 
and to get along in an orderly and 
considered way with -an adjustment 
that all must see is inevitable. 

This is wholesale inflexibility. This 
is a refusal in advance to take ac- 
count of local situations and a denial 
of iocal-self-determination. 

Consider now the approach of fed- 
eral district courts in the same state: 
Scarce a month ago Judge Sterling 
Hutchenson ruled that the school 
board of Prince Edward County 


(heavily Negro populated) be al- | 


lowed additional time in which to 
comply with the Supreme Court de- 
cision, and that those urging deseg- 
regation could move again for action 
“at a later date after (the school 
board) has been afforded a reason- 
able time to effect a solution.” 

About the same time Judge Walter 
E. Hoffrnan, in Norfolk and Newport 
News cases, declared “the pattern is 
plain—the Legislature has adopted 
procedures to defeat” the high court 
decision. And just a few days ago he 
ordered the two school boards to 
start desegregation by August 15. 
But note this: Judge Hoffman also 
made clear he might alter this di- 
rective if the school officials pre- 
sented suitable plans for gradual 
desegregation, that gradual compli- 
ance is all that is expected, and that 
this might include “reasonable re- 
allocation of school areas’”—~in other 
words, letting school enrollments 
reflect racial residential facts. 

This is flexibility. This is taking 
account of-iocal situations and altow= 
ing some room for local self-deter- 
mination. 


Oil Crisis 


The European economy—trade, in- 
dustry, employment—has shown a 
resiliency in recent years which 
Europeans themselves have not ex- 
pected it to show. 


Five years ago European experts 


were pointing out that because of the 
size of the United States and its 
great..share...of.production, finance, 
consumption, etc., even a mild drop 
in American business activity would 
cause severe dislocations in Europe. 
The mild American drop came, Eu- 
rope did not seem to be much af- 
fected by it. 

When the Suez Canal was-blocked 
last. fall European. fears of. serious 
economic setbacks seemed well 
founded. But European reports now 
say that the effect of the oil shortage 
has--been.-less..severe..than.expected. 
Already the pessimism of a few 
weeks ago appears to be passing. 

Mild weather has helped Europe. 


¢ ~~ oF 
Passing é 


It has saved oil which would have 
been used for heating. Even though 
American deliveries have beén dis- 
appointing to many Europeans, the 
outlook now is that Europe will get 
through the winter in fair shape if 
spared a too-cold March/and if, as 
now seems probable, American oil 
deliveries..are.to be stepped-up. 

By careful use of oil/and by draw- 
ing on reserve stocks Europe has per- 
formed an act of self-help which, 
along with considerable if not maxi- 
mum American help, has staved off 
suffering and saved some bitterness 
among leading nations of the Atlan- 
tic Community. 

The danger of hardship is not past. 
Much still depends on March weather 
and the extent of American ship- 


ments...But.if the.weather- won't: co="! 


operate, surely industrial leaders 
with a stake in free-world unity and 
prosperity will. 


A Better Explanation Due 


An American has disappeared in 
the Dominican Republic. The Do- 
minican explanation is that a fellow 
employee of the government-owned 
Dominican Airlines was arrested and 
later committed suicide, leaving a 
note admitting the murder of the 
American, Gerald Lester Murphy. 
-Dominican:..exiles,.. .however,...-hint 
darkly that Mr. Murphy knew some- 
thing about the disappearance in 
New York last vear of Jesus de Galin- 
dez, Spanish anti-Trujillo author and 
Columbia University lecturer, Other 
“foes of the island strong man, Rafael 
Leonidas Trujillo Molina, have dis- 
appeared or been slain under strange 
circumstances. 


Other governments will not feel 
inclined to interfere in what Domini- 
cans do to one another, but when 
the treatment or safety of nationals 
of other countries is involved, that is 
another question. 

Representative Charles O. Porter 
(D) of Oregon, after attempting un- 


successfully to get detailed informa-*} 


tion from the Dominican Embassy 


_in Washington, was sharply critical 


of the manner in which Dominican 


authorities handled the inquiry. The 


incident is serious enough to create 
an.uneasy feeling. Certainly it-is-in 
the interest of the island government 
itself to see that all the facts are 
brought to light in this case. 


Up, Brittany! 


The author of “Major Thompson’s 
Notebooks” stated that France is a 
country divided by 43,000,000 French- 
men. And another author, the great 
unifier of the ancient world known 
as Caesar, had to admit that the best 
he could do for Gaul was to arrange 
it in three parts. 

So it is not surprising to learn that 
the movement for separation of part 
of Brittany from France is on the 
march again. 

The Committee for Liberation of 
Brittany has gone only so far as to 
tell-the United Nations Secretary- 
General that the UN must act in 
Brittany’s behalf “to avoid a regret- 
table shedding of blood.” The com- 
mittee claims a well-trained army of 
“unsuspected” strength. 

Bretons, it says, are tired of the 
way France has been treating Brit- 


tany since 1532. The Bretons will. 


_ gain immediate worldwide sympathy 
on this point—because just about 
everybody everywhere is tired of 
the way somebody is treating some- 
body. 


In that biggest of all states in the 
American Union there would not be 


room for Dallas and Fort Worth if | 


native magnanimity were not on a 
scale with all other things Texan. 

Somebody blew up mailboxes in 
Scotland at the time of Queen Eliza- 
beth II’s coronation. 

And, like some Scots, some Welsh 
have never. quite given up the hope 
of one day ruling themselves. 

Indeed, if France wants to make a 
real international case of the Breton 
issue, Paris may be tempted to ap- 
peal to the UN for protection against 
cultural aggression from across the 
English Channel. The Welsh and 
Bretons speak a very similar lan- 
guage. They have in recent years 
collaborated in setting up congresses 
of their bards. 

Perhaps this is what gives the 
Bretons such confidence in their un- 
derground army. It may be equipped 
with some of those long Welsh 
words, any one of which is a fili- 
buster in itself and a few of which 


. might well talk the UN into com- 


plete submission to the Celtic will. 


eae set tinge A - 


More Than a ay Ships to Remove- 


€ ' 


! NATIONALS 
<@ : > 


ee 


OBA Be gis aa re Tey 
ae 


a 


—=Haw - Buy : a Rembrandt 


An Intimate Message From New England 


By Earl W, Foell - 


, BosTOoNn 
At the close of the Duveen era, nearly 
two decades ago, &rt lovers began to la- 
ment the disappearance of drama and 


showmanship from. the world of art deal- 


ing. Lord Duveen, you will remember, was 
a dealer of legendary persuasiveness who 
unearthed, sold, resold, touted, or belittled 
old masters as the case warranted. He 
helped build. the collections..of..Mellon, 
Kress, Rockefeller, Frick, ‘Morgan, and 
Bache. 

Well, recent weeks should have stilled 
those lamentations. Much of the glamor, 
mystery, and high finance with which 
Duveen dazzled the public and dazed mil- 
lionaires has suddenly come back to the 


~ | world of art, 


“4 
p* er 


Peon CANAL CONTROL <3 


POLITICAL PURPOSES .. 


Slove, 


mote 


Mr. and Mrs. Rama Decide the Future 


“By Sharékh” Sabavala 


BOMBAY 
in his armchair, on 
the front porch of his three-roomed subur- 
ban apartment, Bama watched the slen- 
der mango leaves as they gaily danced to 
the tune 


‘Lying back lazily 


of the cool January wind. From 
the communal badminton court 
were wafted the raucous cries of neigh- 
bors, chasing the shuttlecock in wild 
abandon. 

And there floated out to him on the 
porch the spiced, appetizing aroma of his 
favorite vegetable curry as his wife nursed 
a stainless steel saucepan—a prized pos- 
session—above a temperamental kerosene 
She -always--made.curry- of .a-Sun- 
day, firmly convinced that on this day of 
relaxation Rama would do justice to the 
elaborate preparations that went into its 
making. 

With a sigh of content, Rama lay back 
in his chair and picked up again his Sun- 
day newspaper, in whose accuracy and 
good taste he firmly believed, A practiced 
reader, his eye took in swiftly the events 
in Dethi, 
gossip. Normally, 
the first 
when his 


acCToss 


he never went beyond 
introductory paragraphs, save 
imagination was stirred by a 
particularly bold headline. And on this 
Sunday morning it was so “stirred, for 
staring out at him was a new headline, 
which told him: New Party to be Formed: 
Tradition to be Conserved. 


a ae 


With the elections due next month, this 
was news indeed. Apparently, in the 
southern state of Madras had been formed 
a new political organization—the National 
Welfare Union—and unknown to. Rama 
had been growing for the last two years 
to fam out from Madras city to other 
southern towns also. His curiosity aroused, 
Rama read on. The chairman of the new 
party declared that all that he wanted 
was the “purification” of the ruling Con- 
gress Party by giving it an effective op- 
position to think about. The supporters of 


“the “National Welfare Union, Rama was 


further informed, were landowners, 
teachers, and small businessmen and as he 
read on he thought 


and industrialists among its. sponsors. 
_The .National Welfare Union, said its 
manifesto, hoped.soon_to..hecome..an.all. 
India party. It stood for reforms but was 
against revolutionary methods. Above all, 
read Rama with mounting excitement, the 
new party hoped to'stand for the “dignity 
and stability of the middle classes.” Here 
Rama looked up with a canny, Knowing 
look. Was the ruling Congress Party also 
not full of sympathy for the middle class? 
Was it not anxious, or so it said, to pro- 
small-scale industries? Could it 
really be blamed if it gave priority to the 
mass of landless laborers and the peasants 
and farmers of‘ an essentially agricultural 
India? 

It also seemed rather. silly to Rama that 
the National Welfare Union should invoke 
again today the old slogan—"‘no taxation 
without representation”’—with which he 
was so familiar. To him it seemed that the 
insistence on giving every section of the 
Indian community full opportunity to ex- 


| press its viewpoint was as impossible at 


this time as it was irrelevant. For, Rama 
knew that the press and the public plat- 
form was freely available and: was used 
for a multiplicity of reasons, some sound 
and necessary, but many which made no 
sense to him at all. 


" fe ee 


Yet the National Welfare Union’s mani- 
festo struck Rama as being. refreshingly 
direct. It refused to compromise with 
popular socialist cliches, It even dared to 
declare that the ruling party’s socialist 
pattern, with its growing tendency to in- 
filtrate into every single sphere of na- 
tional life, was a “serious menace” to 
publie welfare. The new party, moreover, 
frankly stood for individual ownership 
and private enterprise as twin indispensa- 
bles to safeguard the independence of the 
citizen. It declared itself against national- 
ization, except of public utilities, and pro- 


ductive, 


the news: from abroad, and -tocal - 


“hot free us from 


nounced itself in favor of fair wages and 
noninterference in private trading. 

Rama’s now gleaming eyes, travelled 
back into the green depths of the mango 
tree. The road which bordered his home, 
he felt, had Gne advantage over other 
downtown  streets—its trees. And no 
amount of socialization or taxes could 
take these away from-him..That—surely 
was the point. And*that, perhaps, was 
why the new party, with its uncompro- 
mising stand against a too swift transi- 
tion to socialism, would attract many 
Ramas all over the country. 

Rama, on this Sunday morning, had 
finished reading the manifestoes 6f all the 
parties: *To hinr it-seemed«like~an-unpro« 
unremunerative effort because 
in all the thousands of words he had read 
there appeared not a single practical or 
original idea. The ruling Congress Party 
said the same things it has been saying 
for the last five years. The Socialists said 
the same things: as the Congress, while 
accusing it of not being socialistic enough. 
The Communists, and here Rama had to 
smile; “were “appealing “tt  “patristic- 
minded” Indian capitalists, while continu- 
ing to thunder against monopolist foreign 
interests, with whom the Indians were 
associated. Which particular middle class 
fly, Rama wondered, would walk into. that 
particular spider’s parlor? And why vote 
Communist at all, when both Mr. Bulganin 
and Mr. Chou En-lai had given 
splendid certificates to Mr. 
ruling party? 

No, the Communists were out. The So- 
cialists came into the picture very little. 
The Congress had a record of service and 
stability, but its structure appeared in- 
creasingly monolithic and there was far 
too much reliance on Mr. Nehru. “I would 
like to vote in opposition this time.” 
out Rama to his busy wife, then 
shuffling between the kitchen and 
dining room. “What do you think?” 
the inner room came the firm 
“Nonsense. Look what the 


such 
Nehru and the 


called 
busy 

the 
From 
reply, 
Congress has 


| erty 


done for-us ‘women. Did Mahatma Gandhi ; 


‘servitud@ Nehru 
the power to do us more good. Let him 


' go on doing it.” 
he recognized the” 
“names of a few leading Indian lawyers 


ee Se 


“Women,” again thought Rama. “They 
never seemed to have any doubts.” And 
since. more. than. 50.per cent of the elec- 
torate was held by them, 
the elections could not be in doubt. He let 
the newspaper slip to the floor. He envied 
the wife’s lack of hesitation. For him, 
however, the future was by no means 
just black and white. Rama believed in 
democracy and the two-party system. But 
there just did not seem to be that other 
party, which could take over from Mr. 
Nehru. Slowly, stretching himself, he got 
up from the porch to answer-the call of 
luncheon. “You can say what you Hke,.” 
he continued to his wife, “but I would 


has 


the results of | 


| the 
ta better -world and betieving all we’ said, it 


like to vote just to start a good opposi- | 


tion.” Mrs. Rama looked on rather patron- 
izingly. “Men,” she obviously thought. 
“were such children. They always get 
tired of things. They have no consistency. 
Of course she wasn’t going to let Rama 
waste his vote on some ‘footling -little 
party.’ 
do its mellowing work. It would be easy 
to argue him out of his obstinate mood 
thereafter.” 

And so it now goes in many ‘millions of 
Indian homes, as Mr. and Mrs: Rama de- 
cide the future for the next five vears, 
The trend is strongly in favor of Mr. 
Nehru retaining his commanding position. 
But who can tell? There is about a week 
to go and a free and sovereign people are 
notoriously unpredictable. 


From Yesterday for Today 


To consult with the wisest and- the greatest men 
To use books rightly.—Rurkin 


Freedom’s Charms 
Freedom has a thousand charms to 
show, 
That slaves, howe'’er contented, never 
know. 


WrLiaM Cowper (1731-1800) 


But wait. Let the vegetable curry” | 


be 

Less. than a .month ago most people 
would have said'it was hardiy more likely 
that a Rembrandt would come up for sale 
than that the government would start 
minting costume jeweiry at Fort Knox. 
Rembrandts hung in museums or in 
tightly-held private collections, and. that 
was that. 

Yet, in the first week of February not 
one, but three, Rembrandt sales were an- 
nounced. Two of the paintings were 
bought by Boston’s Museum of Fine Arts; 
the-third, a smaller portrait, went to the 
Detroit Institute of Arts. 

And, as if the sudden appearance of 
three Rembrandts upon the American 
scene were not éhough to pique the pub- 
lic’s interest, the following week two 
more flamboyant art cases captured news- 
paper headlines. First there were two 
British-owned portraits that went on ex- 
hibit at the Royal Academy as Holbeins 
valued at $420,000, and shortly were being 
branded mere copies worth less than 10 
per cent of that amount. And second there 
was the lady who bought a bright little 
painting for $1 in Baltimore, discovered 
that it was a Winslow Homer, and now 
has it up for auction at a minimum of 
$10,000. 

Having been dazzled by all these occur- 
rences (and having long nursed a secret 


‘-desire to: find-an El} Greco in some: tittle 


junk shop), we called on Perry Rathbone, 
director of the Boston museum, to find 
out how one goes.about buying a Rem- 
brandt. 

In the first place, he said, he was lucky. 
“In May‘of last year I happened to stop 
in to see a restorer I visit from 
time. He had just finished cleaning the 
two paintings—removing the old discol- 
ored varnish. He told me they were being 
cleaned for Rosenberg and Stiebel, a 57th 
Street dealer.” 


time t6 


Rosenberg and ’*Stiebel, it turned out, 
was handling the two portraits—of sevene 
teenth century Calvinist minister Johannes 
Elison and his wife—for the heirs to the 


_estate. of French munitions manufacturer 


Eugene Schneider. 
“I was amazed,” said Mr. Rathbone, “to 


see such paintings on the market. 


“After I had discovered who the dealer 
was, | got in. touch with him. Then I went 
back to Boston and told my trustees about 
thern. . 

“Next I returned to New York to dis 
cuss the Rembrandts with the dealer and 
to look at them again. They were now 
cleaned and back in their frames—at 57th 
Street. The restorer had filled in two or 
three miniscule places where the paint 
was damaged. Really nothing noticeable, 
The paintings were in excellent condition, 

“The,.asking price was $500,000. We 
began bargaining. The portraits were 
brought to Boston just after the twentieth 
of June for the trustees to see. They ree 
mained here. On Aug. 4 our offer—cone 
siderably less than the asking price—was 
accepted in a letter from the dealer. 
That’s all there was to it.” 

If the. portraits had not been discovered 
by Mr. Rathbone at the restorer’s, would 
they have been offered to Boston? “I don’t 
really know. And I also don’t know 
whether the dealer sought other offers 
between the time we made -ours and 
Aug. 4.” 

Why didn’t the dealer publicize his 
wares in the hope of stirring up competi- 
tive interest? “Because the element of 
freshness and surprise is worth more than 
the element of competition—in the auce 
tion sense—to a dealer who has a really 
great painting to sell.” 


ee that 


Duveen would hardly have gone that 
far in disowning competition. But he cere 
tainly would have approved the approe 
priateness of sending the Rev. Elison and 
his wife to sit in ruff-collared glory at 
the very heart of Puritan early America, 

And-he probabdty would have approved 
of Mr. Rathbone’s cultured showmanship, 

How the Boston museum director was 
able to keep the secret of the Rembrandts 
so well from May to February is his see 
cret. But the result was no less spectacue 
lar than when Duveen dramatically une 
veiled a newly acquired Titian before an 
enthralled Andrew Mellon. Mr. Rathbone 
may even be said to have the upper hand, 
For when he. presented the two Reme 
brandts, almost 2,000 museum members 
were on hand to be astounded. 


London would want it, 


The Reader Writes 


‘Perspective 
To THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR: 

The writer of the letter from Van- 
couver, published Jan. 28, is obviously 
unaware that the Cypriotes were civilized 
thousands of years before Britain evi- 
denced that condition. He does not recog- 
nize that Cyprus was once part of Greece. 
The reason Greece does not still have 


| Cyprus now is that while Europe was in 


a semibarbaric state, Greece was fighting 
off invaders from the East and thus. sav- 
ing Europe. The reader from Canada fails 
to recognize that only a very civilized 


r Wation Could retain its national character, 


language, and other marks of a-real cul- 
ture under hundreds of years of foreign, 
particularly Moslem, occupation. 

Further, he has forgotten that Cypriotes 
originated in Cyprus and have been living 
there for tht®usands of years. 

As for the clergy; théy are 
leadership artht people. 

I seriously doubt if 
teach them anything. The 
Greeks in every way. 

If Britain thinks Cyprus is vital to the 
Commonwealth, then she must have the 
courage and decency to admit: 

“I need Cyprus to live; she is vital-to 
me. All I have said about freedom, lib- 
and self-determination was only 
words. As long as it-serves England, -I 


given the 


England could 
Cypriotes are 


“Shall have slaves: ff the Greeks and Cyp- 


riotes were stupid enough to fight against 
Nazis and Communists believing in 


was their own fault.” 

I think your writer tries to follow the 
justification of the British position as 
but fails to-evalu- 
ate the situation according to all the facts 
of the case.« JAMES KOSHIVOS 

Hyde Park, Mass. 


Doubts About Nasser 
To THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR: 

I read with interest your editorial of 
Feb. 2, “Is Nasserism Approaching Nazi- 
ism?” 

I must take issue with your statement 
that “the simplicity of his (Nasser’s) style 
of living carries reassurance.” On the 
contrary, from what we know of Hitler, 
Mussolini, and Lenin, simplicity in living 
arrangements is.a cause for alarm. The 
truly totalitarian dictator of this century 


| «and I deliberately exclude such second- 


rate practitioners of the art as Franco 
and Perén—have been noted for their 
asceticism. It was their less ideologically 
motivated cohorts—the Goerings and 
Cianos who reserved for themselves the 
traditional fruits of despotic power. 
Indeed, for the sake of the peace of the 
world we might wish that Nasser did fit 
into the more venerable pattern of the 
oriental despot. In this event he might 


well be sated with-harems and royalties: 


from the canal, 

But Nasser appears to be an ideologue: 
the distinguishing fact about this breed is 
that its demands cannot be gratified at all. 
The ideological dictator fs content with 
nothing less than the perpetual expansion 
of his own system of political faith. He 
cannot be bought, frightened; or appeased, 
but will continue to destroy until he has 
destroyed himself in the web he has spun 
for others. 

Lord Acton’s dictum that power tends 
to corrupt and absolute power corrupts 
absolutely applies admirably to dictators. 


This newspaper welcomes omentontione pm. readers. The briefer th 
pect of publication. to condensation. We assume no responsi 


All ere ‘subject 


& 


This.is why I.must-elass-as- wishful thinke 
ing your hope that Nasser may extricate 
himself from “the tendencies of an aue 
thoritarian system” before it is too late, 
I fear that the world has not yet heard 
the worst from Nasser. It is facile optime 
ism to expect a dictator of Nasser’s type 
to use self-restraint. The ideologist’s 
every success only increases his appetite 
for further conquest, DANTE GERMINO 
Wellesiey;- Mass. “= 


Simple Courtesy 
Fo TRE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONTTOR?* 

It is with regret that I read of the 
narrow viewpoint of many in the conduct 
of our international affairs. When the 
ljeaders of our large cities, and those in 
government, assume that individuals are 
to conform’ to’ our ideas’ before being ins" ~ 
vited to our shores then we are truly 
entering into the “dark ages” of intere 
national diplomacy. 

While we 
of Marshal 


cannot agree with the ideas 
Tito and many of the other 
leaders of Soviet and satellite nations, the 
cause of peace cannot be best served if 
we refuse to provide a meeting place to 
discuss our differences. This principle of 
discussion was the one justifiable reason 
for establishing the United Nations, and 
it is awful’ to contemplate the conditions.. 


Ot -world~events had not this most: excele 


lent forum for nations been provided, 
A meeting of heads of state seems to m®@ 
the. natural--course -of -events--to -follow 
the daily meetings of foreign ministers 
in our world assembly. : 

It seems logical that no bridge can be 
built for humanity unless we are familiar. 
with both sides of the chasm across which 
it is to be built. Few nations in the history 
of human affairs have long existed after 
they fell to the level of assuming that all 
must have the same opinion before dise 
cussions began—and I sincerely hope that 
this nation, which has been the refuge of 
free ideas, can-openly and courageously 
meet with those of differing views and 
opinions. 

The open discourtesy of Mayor Wagner 
of New York during the arrival of King 
Saud of Arabia makes a new low in 
American hospitality. Shielded by poor 
reasoning, that his “retaliation” was due 
to habits and customs of Arabia, I wonder 
if his actions gave the King any reason to 
think his country should adopt American 
ideas. The very gracious monarch proved 
himself more intelligent and courteous— 
and left a better impression than-did the 
host. 

Let us go back to the simple courtesies 
in world affairs, and replace the smug 
and cocky attitude by-a more humble 
approach, so that all may meet in good 
fellowship and good will to discuss our 
roads to peace, JAMES QO, MILLER - 

Sedalia, Mo. 


Concrete Ships 
To THe CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR: 


I am. writing a papér on the concrete 
ships of World Wars I and II and would 
very much appreciate any information on 
the present whereabouts of the “Faith,” 
built in San Francisco in 1918, of 3,427 
gross tons, and laid up in New Orleans 
in 1923. . JEAN HAVILAND. 

123 Dumbarton Rd. 

Baltimore 12; Maryland 


ore. the better ts their 
ty jor statements ti