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= VOLUME. 49 NO.72 

. revi sn a ROSTON = 


- Fureolo Challenged 

ia bor Fires Salvo 
Against Sales Tax 

By Edgar M. Mills 
New England Political Correspondent of The Christian Science M onitor 

Governor Furcolo’s proposed 
3 per cent limited sales tax is 
running into powerful labor op- 

First product of a $10,000 labor 
drive against the tax is a new 
pamphlet put out by the Massa- 
chusetts Federation of Labor 
urging state income-tax revi- 
sions instead of a sales tax, a 
withholding system of state in- 
come-tax collection, and taXa- 
“tion of rental income, One hun- 
dred thousand of the pamphlets 
detailing the federation’s opposi- 
tion to the sales tax are being 

Its publication comes at a time 
when Governor Furcolo is pre- 
paring to take his sales-tax case 
to the people via a statewide 
talking tour. 

Meanwhile, a group of 10 tax 
experts from -Greater Boston 
civic and business groups is hard 
at work trying to develop a for- 
mula under which 75 million 
dollars of the estimated $112,- 
500,000 limited sales-tax yield 
would be distributed to the cities 
and towns in such a way as to 
assure use of all or most of the 
revenue to cut local real-estate 

Realty Taxes Scanned 

_. These. groups. are__ strongly 
backing a sales tax as the only 
solution to state and local rev- 
enue needs. But they, like the 
Governor, want reduction of 
real-estate taxes to be a major 
product of the sales tax. Without 
that, they would be cool to the 
sales-tax idea. 

Already both sides are chal- 
lenging each other's revenue 
estimates of rival plans for 
The labor. federation insisted 
in its pamphlet that the pro- 
posed limited sales tax would 
not produce as much as 40 
million dollars ‘annually, let 
alone the $112,500,000 yield es- 
timated by Governor Furcolo, 

It is understood that the latter 
estimate is the considered opin- 
ion of a score of tax experts 
consulted by the Governor in 
his search for the revenue he 
considers necessary to solve 
state and local revenue prob- 

Furcolo-Labor Split 

Publication of the labor pam- 
phliet emphasizes the seriousness 
of the split between the Gov- 
ernor and this segment of or- 
--ganized.labor over the sales tax, 
long violently opposed by union 

The federation has. adopted 
almost completely the tax pro- 
gram proposed by Prof. Arnold 
M. Soloway, Harvard economist, 
in a survey for the Massachu- 
setts Chapter, Americans for 
Democratic Action. 

It favors elimination of fed- 
eral income-tax payments as an 

“think «bout: 

allowed deduction on state in- 
come-tax returns, to yield 20 
million dollars annually, —It 
favors taxing of rental income 
to yield 10 million dollars. It 
proposes to gain another 10 mil- 
lion dollars through a withhold- 
ing system applied to state in- 
come-tax collections and closing 
of other loopholes to catch those 
persons now escaping the canal 
income tax. 

Thus it does not indicate the 
revenue yield but it would have | 
to be about 40 million dollars a 
year to produce the total extra 

revenue the federation says is 

Estimate Challenged 
The federation pamphlet | 





sharply disputes Governor Fur- | 

colo’s estimate that about 130 
rnillion dollars is needed. It puts 
it this way: 

“The state needs more taxes 
to do an intelligent job of gov- 
ernment. How much? Hold your 
breath—the Governor has asked 

the Legislature for 130 million | 

dollars more than the 368 mil- 

lion dollars we were nicked for | 

in 1956. 

“But that figure is much too 
high. Eighty million dollars is 
more realistic and more likely. 
Part of this certainly can come 
from increased efficiency and 
economy. The remainder will } 
have to come from new taxes.” 

Arguing against the sales tax, | 

the federation outlined several 

“Easy to legislate into law, it’s 

peculiarly difficult and costly! . 
to administer—a big new army | 

of enforcement officers would be 
required for one thing 


Rough on. Retailers 

“It’s rough on retailers, 

ticularly the small ones, 


would be responsible, of course, | 

for collection, payment, and an- 
other barrel of paper work—to 
say nothing of the business they 
would lose. 

tion medicine 
empted, there’s a strong ten- 
dency—when more revenue is | 
required — to tack the tax on 
even these, 

“The general sales tax favors 
higher income groups; hurts low | 
income groups. Something to 
“600,600 -~workers 
covered by the state minimum 
wage laws in Massachusetts, 
about. one-quarter of our total.| 
work force, earn less than $1.00 | 
an hour — $40 for a 40-hour | 
week, $2,080 in a year. How | 
hard should they be hit by new 
taxes? The sales tax will whack 

them. The income tax does not. | 

What better reason for being 
against the sales tax?” 

(and | 
there. is. always..a—lot of-“leak-- 

| withdraw 
“Although food-and prescrip- | WELDOr Awa 

are usually ex- ‘vegans g vernment in the spring. 

'Marosan made Feb. 
riade at that time, it might well 


tility of armed resistance 

,|be faced 

| Drawn by Emi! Weiss for The Christian Sctence Monitor 

_ Left to right are Sheik Saleh 


Shalfan of Saudi Arabia; Rafik 


Red Rulers Tighten 


Hungary’s Stalinist - Commu- 
nist Government has removed 
the last doubt of an early end of 
‘Soviet occupation and has made 
it plain that it intends to stay 
in power, relying on the support 
of Soviet tanks and troops. 

Only six weeks ago Commu- 
nists in Hungary were encour- 
aging speculation that a Soviet 
might follow the 
formation of a more broadly 

Red Star Hoisted 

Had the statement of “no re- 

treat from the Stalin line,” 
which Minister of State Georgy 
16, been 
have led to another fiare-up. 
it has been swallowed in 
silence. This is partly because 
the patriots have learned the fu- 


bécause Premier Janos 

|Kadar’s regime anyway has got 

things in hand for the moment. 

These unpalatable facts must 
in the West. All the 
clocks’in Budapest now are rap-= 

State of the Nations 

These Changing Times—4 

By JOSEPH C. HARSCH, Special Cerrespondent of The Christian Science Monitor 


ments concerned Europe is 
still divided at the Elbe. The 
armed forces of the Soviet 
Union are on one side of it 
and the Western Allies on the 
. other, exactly as they have 
been ever since 1945. . 

There was once a theory 
that this* condition would 
change only when Moscow 
and Washington got together 

and agreed to remove. their... 
~— B “te HAVE “TS adjust’ Ttsé®’ to 

~ troops. 

Washington and Moscow 
are still unwilling, or unable, 
to agree to any such removal, 
but this no longer prevents 
Europe from taking on a new 
. shape .and -form:.underneath 

-the -official pattern of the 

} eee 

Even the treimposition of 
police terror in Hungary has 
not totally severed people in 
that country from Western 
Europe. Hungarian refugees 
in London telephone their 
friends and relatives in Hun- 
gary as freely as they tele- 
phone each other in England 
—or did until the rates went 


One of the more fascinat- 
ing and typical changes is 
the attitude of Poland and 
West Germany toward each 
other. On the surface they be- 
long to opposite ideological 
camps and their official gov- 
ernment pronouncements still 
do the perfunctory snarling 
at each other which became 
pro forma during the cold 

But a Polish journalist can 
f£0 to West Germany freely, 
far more freely than he can 
go to Moscow. Trade is rising 
between them faster than 
either would care to admit 
publicly. The only reason they 
have not resumed diplomatic 
relations is because it would 
be a trifle too startling, and, 
besides, there are enough in- 
formal contacts to make the 
official exchange of ambassa- 
dors a matter of lesser mo- 

Poland ‘has firmly closed 
out the old trade patterns 
imposed on it by Moscow dur- 


ing the Stalin period. One re- 
sult has been an end to the 
unrequited shipment of Polish 
coal to East Germany. This, 
in turn, has forced a sudden 
and drastic recasting of the 
whole outlook of the East 
German Government. 

The Ulbricht-Grotewohl re- 
gime there no longer can 
maintain itself out of eco- 
nomic aid ordered in by Mos- 
cow at the expense of Poland 
and Hungary. It, too, is going 

actualities. All along the old 
“curtain” trade channels are 
opening up almost daily. 
Ideas flow with trade. 

If the armed forces of the 
great power rivals. were with- 

Iron Softener 

drawn from Germany tomor- 
row there is little doubt about 
what would happen. The two 
Germanys would come to- 

The real question now is 
whether the result can long 
be prevented even by keeping 
the armies there. The armies 
stay, but trade cannot be pre- 
vented, and is not being pre- 
vented. Germany is growing 
together underneath the offi- 
cially still open wound of di- 
vision, just as Germany and 
Poland are drawing together 
under the officially main- 
tained fiction of membership 
in hostile and rival camps. 

The official division in Ger- 
many certainly will continue 
at least until after the 
September elections in Ger- 
many. Chancellor Adenauer 

wants it that way, so far as 
anyone. knows... Washington 
would not want to interfere 
with his own concept of how 
best to run his election cam- 
paign: Washington and Lon- 
don, for “der Alte’s” sake, 
are going to maintain at least 
the skeleton of their armed 
forces in Germany during the 
summer and fall of this year 
of 1957. * 

But increasingly the. official 

Situatjan::.. becomes. aw: fietion. 

bearing less and less resem- 
blance to reality. 
Poland has been- an 
breaker of supreme impor- 
tance to the Europe of 1957. It 
has evolved a formula which 

permits a European country | 

to be European again while 
retaining the superficial ap- 
pearance of membership in 
the Soviet bloc. It couldn’t 
happen and yet it has hap- 

One of the many intriguing 
aspects of the matter ® the 
extent of the vast conspiracy 
of those who work at main- 
taining the fiction. 

| RES eS 

Leading Polish exiles such | 

as General Anders in London 
and Mikolajezyk in Washing- 
ton must continue to de- 
nounce the existing Polish 
Government regardless . of 
their personal feelings in the 
matter. Were they to give 
public and official blessings to 
Gomulka, they might destroy 

Thus those who would like 
to see Gomulka survive with 
his fantastic formula must 
tain him, 

When the time comes for) 
a Washington-Moscow agree- | 
ment to end the artificial di- 

vision of Europe, the deed will | 

not be the beginning of a new 
state of affairs. It will merely | 
be a ceremony which will put | 
fiction in line with fact. 

One can only wonder why it | 
takes the diplomats of Wash- 
ington and Moscow so long to 
find ways and means of allow- | 
ing the realities of Euro 
find expression in official 

ice- | 
iterms of which now are being | Assembly 
| negotiated. 

im in order to sus- | 

Grasp on Hungary 

By Frederick Brook 
Special Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 

_ idly being put back to Moscow 

time and it 
what forces 
Hungary can stop the process. 

The first grim sign of this 
new Soviet era in Hungary was 
noted last week at the Danube 
industrial cent of Komarom 
in-- Western. Hungary. A ~ huge 
red star allegedly de by the 
workers was hoisted onto the 
roof of factory in town, It was 
the first of all the hundreds of 
red stars torn down from Hun- 
garian factories last October to 
be formally replaced. It will 
be the last. 

Furthermore, the Communists 
now have ordered the 
tion by April 4 of all n 
to the Soviet Army 
destroyed du: 
revotlttion © as 
pressions of the Hungarian peo- 
ple’s universal anti-Soviet 

The regime had to remind the 
nation that Feb, 13 was the 12th 
anniversary of the entry of 5o- 
viet troops into Budapest 
1945. The people were asked to 
believe that in 1956, as at the 
end of World War II, Soviet 
soldiers T6UeHt Tir the streets of 
, Bi idapest for the cause of lib- 
| erty. 

is difficult to see 

iemmor ials 
which were 
the October 



Affront to Moscow 

In’ thie fiela of education the 

of Sovietization 
| has been expressed in a rgcent 
| order that the Russian language 
|must again be adopted a 
compulsory subject --in~ ~~ all 
_schools, the universities 
will Western languages be al- 
lowed as alternatives. 

The explanation given for this 
retrograde step was the 
teachers and textbooks. The real 
reason is that the lifting of com- 
pulsory Russian instruction dur- 
ing the brief patriot triumph last 
fall was an open affront to Mos- 
cow which the Kremlin was de- 
termined to redress at the 
earliest possible moment. 

lrenewed wave 


tied ‘again to ‘the lammer and 
sickle of the Eastern bloc. The 
-main bond is-a fresh $24,000,000 

This renewed eco- 
dependence. on Moscow 
became. virtually inevitable after | 
the Western powers _reiected_all| 
feelers for financial aid put out 
in recent weeks by the Kadar 
| regime. 

New Army Readied 

On the internal economic 
front, too, the old policies of the 
Stalin era are returning. Radio 
Budapest has announced that | 
more than 500 of the callective 

farms dissolved during the revo- 

lution have been 

In the factories, 
against the wall or else a 
unpopular tasks in a deliberate 
effort to drive a wedge between 
them and the workers. 

Finally, on the all-important 
military front, the formation of a 
completely new Hungarian Army 
has been started. On Feb. 
government announced the for- 
imation of an armed 
guard” of undisclosed 
make sure that 
orders and to prevent strikes. 

[The Associated Press quoted | 
ithe government announcement | 
as saying that the workers’ 

now set up 
the workers 
which were once the 
organs of patriot resist- 

size to 

guard’s mission would be “to de- | 
fend the achievements of social- | 
to guarantee the mainte- | 
nance of unhindered calm among | 


the working people and also 
‘smooth production, and-to pre- 
vent the efforts of counterrevo- 
| utionary elements to regain 
power and, in pursuit of these 
‘ends, to suppoft the armed 

{The announcement said the 
‘guardsmen would be volunteers 

pe to. over 18 “drawn from people loyal 
ito socialism.” They will get no | 

additional pay.) 
February 19, 1957 


inside or™ outside” 

not | 

restora- | 

‘sponta neon ex=" 

lac . of i 

Economically, Hungary is being | 

are being steadily pressed | 
llotted | 

19 the | 

“workers’ | 


Asha of Syria: Dr. Mahmoud Fawzi, Foreign Minister of Egypt: 
Omar Loutfi of Egypt, and Abdul Monem Rifa’i of Jordan, 

Sanctions Hover 

UN Stiffens Drive 
_ To Budge Israel 

By William R. Frye 

United. Nations. Correspondent .of. The Christian. Science..Monitor... 

United Nations, N.Y. 

Intense efforts are being made 
here at the United Nations to 
break the Middle Eastern dead- 
lock without. forcing a.puble 
showdown with Israel. 

Unless some new compromise 
formula can .be found, the 80- 
nation General Assembly seems 
likely to come face to face with 
two far-reaching steps: 

Condemning Israel for failure 
to withdraw both its troops and 
its civil administrators behind 
the 1949 armistice line; 

Calling upon all UN member 
states to “refrain from giving 
any military, economic, or fi- 
nancial assistance to 
long’ as it has not complied” with 
repeated withdrawal demands, 
Way Out Sought 

However, there is little spon- 
taneous enthusiasm here for 
sanctions against Israel—except, 
of course, from the Arab states, 
which have been clamoring for 
them for-more than two weeks. 

The United States would find 
litically, especially after both 
the majority and minority lead- 
ers in the Senate had come out 
;}against it. 
| The Eisenhower administra- 
tion has done what it could to 
‘protect its flanK against such 
criticism by negotiating with 
Israel. In the face of repeated 
rebuffs, Washington’s patience, 
spokesmen here indicate, is just 
about exhausted. Nonetheless, 
sanctions against Israel remain 
difficult” and explosive to an 

Key Hunted 

Brithin, France, and some 
other Western European states 
—having little sympathy for 
President Nasser of Egypt— 
would prefer to strengthen Is- 
racl’s hand, perhaps using the 
presence of Israeli troops on 
Egyptian soil as bargaining lev- 
erage for a Suez settlement. 

Even the Soviet Union might 
“find it Rard.«to vote for sanc- 
tions after having insisted for 
years, and in tens of thousands 
of words, that -the-UN-General 
does not have this 
power. The Soviets contend that 
enforcement action shouid be 

'taken in the 11-nation: Security: 

Couneil, where Soviet delegates 
may exercise the veto, 

Thus on many sides there are 
‘consultations aimed at finding 
some key to unlock. the Middle 
| East padlock. Nearly all dele- 
gates would prefer not to have 
to break it open. 

There is, 

ing and bargaining can go. Arab 
cooperation in peace moves is 
needed, along with that of. Is- 
rael. And the Arabs are out- 
raged at the repeated delays— 
the most recent of which has 
postponed action until Feb. 21. 

To the Arabs, the spectacle of 

a great power such as the United | 

States beseeching Israel to purge | 
itself of what they regard as 
aggression—and bargaining with | 
Israel over the price to be paid | 
for so doing—is infuriating. 
They feel Israel long - since 
should have been forced to 
comply unconditionally with UN 

United States support must he 
had, however, 
to be passed and. then made ef- 
fective. So the Arabs have re- 
luctantly agreed to wait. 

One possible method of break- | 
ing the deadlock without forcing | 

a showdown vote on sanctions, | 

as such, 

It would be to wait until the 
Arabs offer their sanctions reso- 
lution and then amend it, alter- 
ing. its character from a purely 
punitive document to an instru- 
ment aimed at positive goals— 
to’ be ‘achieved by” punitive 
means, if necessary. 

has been put forward 

Amendment Projected 

A deadline could be set for the 
withdrawal of Israeli personnel, | 
it is suggested; the measures to | 
be taken after ‘such a with: | 

drawal could be spelled out 
more clearly than before: 

deadline, the sanctions 

This would have the 

take effect on that 

lomatic from the 
United States onto the Arab 
states. The Arabs would be 

forced to decide whether to vote 


the. resojution.down, and lose the | 

censure they seek, or vote it up, 
and “reward” Israel to some 
extent for its “aggression.” 

The “reward” 

lar to the assurances the United | 

States offered Israel unilaterally 
on Feb, 11. Israel-rejected them 

Feb: 15 ‘on the ground that they’ 

contained no teeth: 

If the UN General Assembly 
were to vote them, however, 
they would carry the authority 
of the world community, not 
merely of the United States, and 
hence, it is felt, they might look 
different to Israel. 

Turnpike Authority 

Repeal Bid Rejected 

The World's Day 

Massachusetts: One Dissenter on Road Issue 
Legislation to repeal the authority of the Massachusetts Turnpike 

Authority to extend the East-West toll road from its Weston 

terminus to Boston was rejected by the Legislative Committee 

| from the committee action. 

labor follows | 

on Highways and Motor Vehicles. There was only one dissenter 

| Middle East: Suez ‘Interim’ Plan Mapped 

Britain has 

announced that Britain, France, and the United 

States will present to United Nations Secretary-General Dag 

half to be credited to Egypt. 

Hammarskjold an “interim” plan for operating the Suez Canal. 
It is understood canal tolls would be paid to the World Bank, 

National: East Coast Dockers Still Idle 

East Coast dockworkers were still idle as a back-to-work signal 
awaited settlement of remaining local contract disputes in 

Baltimore and Norfolk. 

Some 4,000 production workers will be dropped from Republic 
Aviation Corporation’s payroll soon—perhaps more later— 
because of a time lag between “phasing out” F84-F Thunder- 


streak manufacture and production buildup for a new fighter. 

_ Weather Predictions: Cold Tonight (Page 2) 
Art, Theater, Music: Page 5. Radio-TV-FM: Page 6 


however, a practical 
limit to which private negotiat- 

if sanctions are | 

and | 
then if Israel did not meet the | 

advan- | 
tage of shifting some of the dip- | 

would be simi- | 

| President Eisenhower, 

" President Takes 
Helm in Mideast 

By William H. Stringer 
Chief, Washington News Bureau, The Christian Science Monitor 


flying to Washington from his 

Georgia vacation to assume personal command of the Israeli- 
— | Gaza- Aqaba dispute, cofifronts one of the most difficult for- 
7 eign issues he has encountered as President. 

But the impasse may not 

be totally impassable. With 

j israeli Ambassador Abba Eban hastening to Tel Aviv to 

present a firsthand account of American attitudes and with 
Israeli Premier David Ben-Gurion refining his terms for 
withdrawal of the remaining Israeli forces from Egypt, there 
'is room for negotiation and solution. 

| Itis clear on all sides, however, that here. fast approaching, 
is the grave testing point-of United States diplomacy in the- 

Middle East. 

It is a test in which the Eisenhower administration, switche 

jing American policy from tra-™ 

jditional and almost automatic 
| Support of Israel in any final 
| showdown, is seeking to use 
|the United Nations as an in- 
| strument of equal justice be- 
i\tween Arab and Jew, 

‘Senate Opposition 

It is simultaneously a test in 
which the new Eisenhower- 
Dulles policy is encountering 
sharp and determined opposi- 

tion from some of the most in- 
fluential members of the United 
| States Senate, who argue that 

Washington's willingness to con- 
sider sanctions against Israel, 
,and its give an ab- 
solute guarantee to Israel 
against future Egyptian dep- 
redations, do not represent 
even-handed justice. 

The Democratic leader, Senator 
foe idon B. Johnson of Texas, 

has written Secretary of State 
John Foster Dulle: admonishing 
him to avoid “coercion” against 
Israel, and urging that the Unit- 
ed State s delegation at the Unit- 
ed Nations be instructed to op- 

ose sanctions against Israel 

Senator William F. Knowland 
of California, Republican leader, 
thas called sanctions “immoral” 
and “insupportable” so long as 
Soviet aggression in Hungary 
remains unpunished by the 
United Nations. Some of his 
friends expect he would resign 
his membership in. the United 
States delegation to the United 
Nations if sanctions should be 
'voted against Israel. 

The damage whic 
' Senate opposition Gould do to the 
‘prospects of the Eisenhower 
‘Doctrine for the Middle East—~ 
which the Senate must still ap- 
prove—can easily be imagined, 


Basis for Disagreement. 

The senatorial opposition, 
which will be a palpable. fac- 
itor when President Eisenhower 
| confers with Democratic and Re- 
| publican congressional leaders 
on Feb. 20, stems from several 

There is the traditional Demo- 
cratic support of the Zionist 
eause, there is some element of 
|. partisanship,..and...there.is_.the 
impact which the political 
friends of Israel can mobilize 
‘with their powerful forces. 
There is “righteous indignation” 
| in the case of.Senator.Knowland . 
,and others when they consider 
the United States’ different re- 
sponses in the case of the Israeli 
attack on Egypt and the Soviet 


repression in Hungary. And 
there is feeling against an 
American policy so vigorously 
based on the United Nations. 

The crux of the issue. sum- 
moning President Eisenhower 
from his quail-shooting and 
golfing vacation is, of course, 
the refusal of Israel to withdraw 
its troops from the Gulf af 
Aqaba and the Gaza strip with- 
precise guarantees from 
somebody that its shipping will 
not in the future Be barred 
from the Gulf of Aqaba and 
that Egyptian guerrilla raids 
from the Gaza strip will be pre- 

Washington has offered Israel 
what amounts to assurances, but 
not guarantees, that, if Israel 
complies with United Nations 
directives and pulls its troops 
out of Egypt at Aqaba and Gaza, 
then the. United States will 
seek to have a UN police force 
stationed at Gaza and will use 
its influence to maintain free- 
dom of navigation_at Aqaba. So 
far, these quiet assurances have 
not been powerful enough for 


Whether President Eisenhower, 
in his conferences with the 
legislative leaders, will seek 
some new authority from Cone 
gress to deal with the situation 
was not determined in advance. 
Published reports that Mr. 
Eisenhower would appear per- 
sonally in the UN Assembly 
debate on’ Israel have been 

Proceeds Threatened 

The congressional legislative 
leaders summoned to the White 
House will be anxious to hear 
how the President himself reads 
the situation. Many of them 
have developed a built-in an- 
tipathy toward and suspicion of 
Secretary-- Dulles. The’ Demo-- 
crats reportedly rejected a sug- 
gestion that Mr. Dulles would 
conduct the session, arguing that 
if the situation actually were 
urgent, then Mr. Eisenhower 
should fly back and preside him- 

The United States has been 
bringing powerful pressures to 
bear against the Israelis. In the 
background is the threat that, 
if sanctions should be voted by 
the United Nations, some of the 
private remittances from the 
United States to Israel, includ- 
ing results of Israeli bond drives, ... 
migh be blocked. Israel’s ex- 
panding economy depends heave 
ily on private funds from 
American supporters, 

the United States back 
gt Israel if it 

again st 

one WwW ithdraw. 




Will the United States shoot 
its -way-up the Guif- of Aqaba, 
lif necessary, to establish its 
‘rights to use that international 
|waterway? There is no expecta- 
tion of any sueh contingency: 

Will Israel be able to use the 
‘Gulf of Aqaba if it gets its 
troops out of Egypt? Egypt then 
would have no right to stop Is- 
raeli ships. 

The-newsmen at Secretary of 
State John Foster Dulles’ weekly 
conference pressed the secretary 
for nearly an hour with such 
| direct questions, but the an- 
iswers were evasive, qualified, 
inoncommital. Reporters who 
ihave become past masters of 
ithe art of firing direct questions 
find in Mr. Dulles an. even 
greater master at the ari of an- 
swering evasively: To none of 
the three questions posed above, 
nor to the scores of others that 

‘tumbled over one another for 
an hour, did the secretary give 
a flat yes-or-no answer. 

Skillful Evasion 

Take the question of sanctions 
_—or rather questions, for there 
must have been a dozen on this 
subject alone. Mr, Dulles’ an- 
swers covered a lot of ground, 
but never came into focus. 

See if you can make out of 
this whether the United States 
will or will not-back sanctions 
against Israel if it continues to 
defy the United Nations. Mr. 
Dulles replies in effect: There 
are all kinds of sanctions — 
moral, economic, military; the 
word has no clear meaning by 
itself. The President is seeing 
congressional leaders on this 
subject shortly and with an open 
mind. Some sanctions require 
congressional action, others can 
be taken by the executive alone. 
It is not possible to be specific 
on this subject at this time. 

Or take the matter of the 
statu®@ of the Gulf of Aqaba 
| (agen paraphrasing the secre- 
tary): I expect Americans ships 

its forces. 
from” Egyptian territory? “That 

Dulles Parries Quiz 

On Israel Sanctions 

By Neal Stanford 
Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 

will go through the straits and 
up the Gulf of ey, I don't 
expect they will a 
Egypt accepted the right-of 

~nocent passage” up the AAT oy : 

in 1950 and we see no reason 
why it shouldn't now. Of course 
things have happened since then, 

but I am persuaded the UN and 
the world have learned a lot of 
late and are more united and de- 
termined in backing UN resolu- 
tions. This may be a turning 
point in history if we can estab- 
lish peaceful compliance with 
UN resolutions. | : 

Law Gains Strength | 

Of course, I admit that the 
U.S.S.R. can’t be counted on to 
respect international law, but 
respect for such law is growing 
and as a’ result of this experi- 

ence. We are not considering 
shooting our way through the 
gulf. since we don’t expect that 
situation to develop. We also ex- 
pect Israe] to use the gulf freely 
once it has complied with the 
UN resolution; but while the 
President has the right to use 
force to protect United States 
ships in international waters, he 
does not have the right to go to 
the protection of the ships of 
Israel or any other country 
without congressional approval 
or a treaty. 

The differences between giv- 
ing Israel “assurances” on- the 
use of the Gulf of Aqaba and 
giving it “guarantees” is that the 
President could do the frst by 
himself, but he could not do the 
second without congressional au- 
thority or a treaty..We have no 
assurance from Egypt that it 
will permit Israeli ships through 
the ‘gulf, but we also have no 
reason to expect it will not.-Of 
course there is the possibility it 
won't but we are not expecting 

the Egyptians “oak 
record in 1950 as 
access to the gulf. 


~ Inmates Voice Hopes f for Rel 

_ Prisoner Letters Bared — 

hy ‘ ‘sief Writer oy The Christian Vtiehwune °° 

What do some of the inmates 
in the maximum-security prison | 
at Walpole think of the prison 
itself and of the new methods | 
in effect there? 

‘One of the prisoners, a man 
with a long term ahead of 
him, a man who had been one 
of the worst troublemakers at. 
the old State Prison at Charles- 
town, asked permission recently 
to write an uncensored letter on 
the subject to the Commissioner 
of Correction, Russell G. Oswald. 

Commissioner Oswald granted 
it, and then asked three other 
men to-do the same. He has 
given The Christian Science 
Monitor permission to quote 
some excerpts from these letters. 

One letter began this way: 
“IT had suicide on my mind dur- 
ing those initial days of con- 
finement at the new prison. in 
South Walpole. Having just 
received a life sentence ... my 
outlook on life was reduced to 
the level of the “tiving dead; 
that depressing state where you 
consider yourself to be nothing 
more than a human organism, 
devoid of social, moral, and 
spiritual principles, which keep 
other people very much alive, 
but which I had lost owing to 
the remorse I suffered over my 

Suicide Contemplated 

“Suicide was the only answer 
to ‘my . problem, particularly 
where my wife had just given 
birth to a son whom I would 
never see, nor rear, as most par- 
ents intend to rear their chil- 
dren. A divorce was in the off- 
ing; I had been alienated from 
every member of my family and 
the majority of my friends, and 
the sum total of my outlook on 

|life was as bleak and as cold as/ 
the darkest regions of a polar 

le eventually, he says, de- 
cided on a method of suicide by 

‘inhaling poisonous fumes from a_ 
| bottle of liquid used in the print | 
“Over | 
nine months have passed since || 
‘entertained the notion of self-| 
As I write this, I) 
|am..allowing myself to cast.a., 

shop, but his letter says, 


quick glance at this same bottle 
which could have snuffed out my 
life nine months ago. 

“It is obvious that a transition 
took place in my life... born 
out of a belief that South Wal- 

pole would not be just another , 
men | 

penal institution where 
would lose their identity, their 
_personality, and their individu- 
-ality as they did in that un- 
believable ‘snake pit,’ the 
Charlestown bastille. 

“Unafraid to Mix’ 
"The new administration 
‘seemed warm and friendly, un- 

keenly interested in the pro- 
grams *which they instituted, 

even to the point where they 

donned slacks and baseball caps 
to enjoy a competitive game of 
baseball! with an outside group. 
“At first my thoughts about 
the new administration were a 
composite. ef suspicion and. dis- 
trust. They were ‘novelists’: men 
with new ideas which were com- 

pletely foreign to me and to the: 

men around me. They smiled too 
easily, when others would have 

hurled purplish invectives, They | 
forgave too easily when others 
would have consigned al! of us! 

to the regions of the inferno. 
“And what's more, they 
brought hope to us when others 

Bay State P 

Before Walter D. Achuff resigned as Princinal ilinas of the 
Massachusetts Correctional Institution at Walpole, his adminis- 
tration of the ‘state’s new penal philosophy—rehabilitation 
rather than mere punishment—had produced. substantial re- 
forms at the prison. 

The adjoining articles on this page, including comment from 
unidentified inmates, written in confidence to Commissioner of 
Correction Russell G. Oswald, destribe conditions at Walpole 

‘Reform Spotlighted | 

at~the moment when another administration takes over. 

The accomplishments of the Oswald-Achuff administration 
take on added importance in the face of reports that Mr. 
Achuff’s resignation was brought about, at least 
through the actions of individuals in and out of the correc- 
tional system who from the outset ‘have resisted any change 
in the method of handling prisoners. 

everyone affiliated with the De-.| 

ror violence by 

| ll their faith and trust in 
afraid to-mix with-the inmates, Put & 7 ne 

in part, 

destroyed every vestige of hope | |man who was transferred from | still to serve,|prison—but.uniless.that-prison -is 
Charlestown to Walpole as soon pole but perhaps in a federal/run right, and unless you people 
prison later, and he speaks out| prevent that prison from falling 

to the point Where we became 
and hostile toward 

partment of Correction.” 

He concludes, “How do I see 
Walpole today? I see it as a 
place where broken minds can 
be ‘healed: where disillusioned 
men can restore their faith — 

both. in. Divine Providence and. 

in the basic goodness of man. 

“I see it as the most prom- 
ising institution in the country, 

‘which cannot go back to the 
| old methods of reform without 

‘experiencing a mad onslaught 
rien who have 

this new administration. 

“I see it struggling in its in- 
fancy, while the sleeping giant 
of politics and ignorant men 
can become ruffied to the point 
where force and violence can 
undermine all the good that has 
been accomplished during the 
past nine months. 

"The fact that the root of bit- 

_terness has been removed from 

my heart should be a testimony 
in itself that South Walpole has 
achieved something quite good 
for-me, and is achieving some- 
thing quite good for others who 
are responding to the correc- 
tional and treatment programs 
in here.” 
Another letter 

was from a 

Fall River Jobless Studied 

A series af conferences aimed at solving the 

By the Associated Press 

changes beyond the control of the community, 
it is necessary for the city government to seek 

\D.] Achuff, 

‘before had been scen 


| formed 

as the new prison opened. He 
had escaped twice from Charles- 
town and had twice been re- 
captured, so that his sentence 
was increased until he had 
about 25 years hanging over his 
head. He writes, “Lest you feel 
that only through my own 
thoughts and efforts..1-arrived 

at what I feel to be the proper | 
let me describe some | 
of the physical 
_influenced me. 


“The new institution gave me 
the physical comforts that raised 

ime frpm the state of semianimal 

the meaning 

to that of a human being. 
‘you understand 

‘that hot and cold running water, 

a flush toilet, a mirror, a room 
with a window and the general 
cleanliness that is evident in this 
place means to me? 

against long sentences. He asks, | 

in three years, what is the ad- 
vantage in confining him for 30 


i back 

paper reporters 



years? If he can be taught the/made might just as well have 

lessons of life in the initial pe- | never begun.” 

‘riod of his confinement, 



This prisoner then takes some 

he develops a. lassitude toward | “space in his letter to deplore in« 

changes that. 

mankind and life 
keeping him in an 
through a long and 
able confinement? 

1 termin- | 

Department Praised 
“Somehow or other,” this man 

adds, “I have faith that the peo- 
ple of Massachusetts and the 

‘administration of our Depart- 

‘ment of Correction will find an | periment sueceeding. 

“Upon the appointment of the 

Commissioner of Correction, Mr. 
Oswald, and the Principal! Officer 
of this institution, Mr. [Walter 
I began to climb 
the second step in the forward 
progress of animal to man. 

‘Through their efforts activities 

which never 
in our 

began to happen 


Trust Recognized 

“Perhaps the biggest single 
thing these men have done, from 
the viewpoint of the inmate, has 
in the field of publicity 
and education. They have in- 
the people of Massa- 
chusetts, through their actions, 

that we are not animals, but 
men who need help and are so 

passed laws that show the hu-| 

man aracter inherent in man- | . “ 
char - emotions so common at Charles- 

‘but as you know, 


tution—more than adequate; 
outstanding in many 

in general, | accurate 
what then is the advantage of | against the prison. 


newspaper stories 

And he adds, “I see Walpole 
as an experiment in penology, a 
pioneer in search of a new ap- 
proach to the age-old topic of 
rehabilitation. And if given half 

‘a chance I see that experiment 

paving the way for others to 
follow, in spite of left-over at- 

titudes among both inmates and 

.. You have a good insti- 

You have given the Department | 
'of Correction men who lead the | 

in penology. You have 


“Dare I ask more? Yes, be- | 

cause your compassion, 
understanding, and 
pathy have proven to me that 
you are your brother's keepers.” 

Another inmate, who also had 
served time at Charlestown, 
says, “The move, any move, 
from a 150Q-year-old prison to 
practically any other surround- 
ings would be a step forward, 
a new insti- 
tution alone does not necessarily 
solve all of the problems. 

“As a matter of fact, the new 


your sym- | 

employees, and I feel that ex- 

“It will be a long, hard bat- 
tle, but it will take more than 
newspaper talk to discourage 
the ever-increasing improve- 
ments taking place in your new 
correctional institution at South 

| Walpole. 

“The tension and repressed 

town have already gone,” he 
reports. He adds, concerning the 
Department of Correction and 
the guards, “Prison work isn’t 
a very enviable profession... 
and it has been so long since 
we have had prison administra- 
tors who could actually bridge 
the gap and get through to our 
side of the fence. 

“You have that kind of De- 
partment of Correction now and 
it’s a good department. 

“The men who.make the deci- 
sions are doing their jobs the 

‘Time to Solidify Gains’? _ 

By Laura Haddock 
Staff Writer oj The Christian Science Moiitor 

When John A. Gavin took over | by a man who was kind to them, 
control of the Massachusetts | even though he obviously knew: 
Correctional Institution at Wal-| the tricks of inmate life; who 
pole, he assumed direction of a | would listen understandingly t 
model prison where many penal their gripes, even though he 
reform have been put into effect | might not always go ae witht 
in the past year. Russell G. Os- | them. 

wald, Commissioner of Correc- | : 
tion, says that “a good start has Inmate Praises Warden 


into the hands of the en- 
“If a man’s thinking can change | emies of progress, be they news- 

professionalized dignified career 

duct’ choral groups, 


time when he have to solidify 
the gains we have made and im- 

prove the processes for operating 


The “gains” made under Wal- 
ter D. Achuff, who resigned as 
the principal officer at Walpole, 

ments urged by the Wessell com- 

losophy of treatment, rather than 
development of a 

service among the guards; util- 
ization of community resources 
to help, and achievement of good 

| public relations, 

‘Public Responds 

There are the obvious advan- 
tages of a new, bright, clean, 
and comfortable prison, 
the people of surrounding com- 
munities — Walpole, Norwood, 

| been -made,-out- now comes the | 

One of the state's worst crim- 
inals, & man serving a long 
term who was the guards’ fae 

-vorite. candidate for “solitary” 

(include a long list of improve- | 

mittee: the adoption..of a phi-+ 


back in Charlestown State Prise 

on, wrote the commissioner @ 
few months ago that he never 
thought he would séé the day. 
when he would like a warden, 
but this had happened with 
Warden Acbhuff. 

He wrote, “I couldn't believe 
it when he acted nice to us. I 
thought it must be a ruse, a 
trick. 1 had never known a war- 

den or a prison official that I 

didn’t hate, But I learned that 

| Warden Achuf was something 
| different.” 


Solitary confinement*has been 
‘abolished in Massachusetts as a 

Also, | method of penology, as a conse- 
| quence of the 

Wessell commit- 

itee’s findings. The man who 

and so on—have been invited in | wrote that letter to the commis- 

to give Bible classes, direct in- | 
mate dramatic productions, con- 

tainments, decorate the visitors’ 
room, or merely to get ac- 
quainted with the _ institution 

whether they realize it or not, 

Mr, Oswald says he has re- 
ceived numerous letters from 
individuals who have accepted 
this invitation, saying in effect, 
“Thank you for letting me come. 
And I don’t know who benefited 
more—I or the inmates.” 

Most significant of all, the in- 
mates at Walpole have begun to 
take hope that society is not, as 
thought, 100 per cent 
against them. They have seen 

and met the visitors who have. 


| There 


sioner is no longer counted 

among the troublesome inmates, 

give enter- /and is on the staff of the inmate ~ 

publication, the Mentor. 
Henry J. Marscarello, who as 

executive director of the United 
that is so important to them all, | 

Prison Association of Massachu- 
setts, has perhaps as close and 
acquaintance with 
the prison as any outsider, says, 
“The improvements are almost 
incalculable to anyone who knew 
what Charlestown was like. 
is a.real appreciation 
among the inmates—not all of 
them, Dut most—for the liberali- 
ties accorded them and the type 
of treatment they now get, 

Foundry Redesigned 

“They have good food; the 

come in to help them: they also | 

unemployment problems of Fall River, Mass., 
got underway Feb. 18. 

The closed meeting called by Senator John F. 
Kennedy (D) of Massachusetts was attended 
by Senator Leverett Saltonstall (R) of Massa- 
chusetts, Representative Joseph W. Martin, Jr., 

.. £R).of--Massachusetts,.Mayor.John F...Kang of... 
Fall River, city councilmen, local industrial and 
civic leaders, and representatives of federal 

The Mayor said Fall River has 11,000 wholly 
or partially unemployed out of a total work 
force of 49,000, placing it in the Class “D” dis- 
tressed area category. 

He said it is vital that ways be found to hold 

‘best they. know how, and are 
sincerely dedicated to our wel- 

institution at South . Walpole 

the sympathetic attention of the federal govern- could have very easily become | 

‘very security of the prison build- 
have read .the stories in the 

‘ing makes more freedom of ac# 
f f Tol : d newspapers, telling of reforms tion possible for all inmates 
a failure, and many of us con-/| fare. Tolerance, patience, and/throughout the Department of . 
mee ee _— en ee feamen ee fined at Charlestown thought it; understanding are little enough | Correction. : |they now have common rooms 
bility af dedaeal: Galielaniaes ts cei io. “~The men of this institu- would be, = give them in return.” _They have been watched over | where they can gather informe? 

pollution of the Quequechan River, the source tion have been permitted to ally for talk or games or tele=; 
i landers \f arnis 

close to being normal that one 
day most of us will return to 

\Uprising Viewed 

“The mere fact that it w ‘asn’t | 
is certainly not due to anything | 
physical at the new institution. 
Trouble can flare up in the | 

modern jails, and when things 
need attention, no degree of in- 

of. most...of..the water ..River._|.intermingle--with.groups—of-ci- Vision, a thing that was. just se 
industry. | vilians, male and female, with- | 

This project, estimated to cost about 314 mil- (out the extremely close super- 
lion dollars, Mayor Kane said, is necessary be- vision that the prior penal ad- 
fore Firestone Rubber Company and other. ministration found so necessary. 
local industries. can consider expansion and This change brought interests 
before other industries dependent upon large 8 and variety into my life, as well 
amounts of clean water can be attracted to as the feeling that I could be 

|possible at Charlestown.” 

| The prison industries, accord-:. 
_ing to Commissioner Oswald, are: 
in fairly good shape. Within two: 
/or three weeks. he thinks, thei 
foundry, biggest of the prison; 

industries at Walpole, will be: 
Fall River. 

present industries and attract new ones to take 

up the employment slack. 
“The community has helped 
ably attempting to diversify its 

Mayor Kane said in a statement after the meet- 

ing. “However, it has not been 

city to lift itself by its bootstraps to the high 

point that is desirable.” 

He said the city is not seeking a federal 
“handout” but “since many of the city’s eco- 
nomic difficulties have been caused by basic 


Another topic was the possibility of obtain- 

ing more federal contracts or the location of 

itself consider- 
industrial life,” 

possible for the 

defense production plants within the area. 
Defense Department officials held out little 
hope of placing any major textile procurement 
contracts in Fall River. 
officials try to diversify types of production to 

They suggested local 

be in a better position to obtain government 

work. Fall River has been largely a center for 
cotton textile plants whose migration accounts 
for the greater proportion of unemployment. 

trusted to act like the man I still 
think I am. . 

“I think I am being truthful 
and objective in saying that, had 
the present philosophy of 
penology been in'‘effect when I 

/was first committed, my line of 

thinking and acting would have 

| been vastly different from that 

which is a matter of record.” 

‘jail changes: 

This prisoner then went on to! 

‘remark that he has many years 

“For economy, speed and dependability— 



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stitution discipline can prevent 
the sort of uprisings that be- 
came so common 
days of Charlestown, 

“As far as jails go, one is just 
as good as another. That is, 
course, unless the spirit of that 
but making a. jai! 
normal and healthy is one of the 
most difficult tricks in the book. 

“There are all kinds here, and 
if each man is to be treated as 

in the final | 


the separate and distinct indi-. 

| vidual that he is, the challenge 

becomes one of enormous pro- 
portions. An administration that 
would honestly undertake such 
a task must be willing to try new 
ideas, retaining those which are 
good, sacking those which are 

| bad. 

“What many people don’t 

realize is that Walpole houses 

| many of the very 



and discomfort, 

Same men 

Charlestown confined behind its 

| depressing walls. 

Degradation Recalled 

“For . years... 

‘that only those of us who actu- 

a period of repetitious existence 

i tious 


| somewhat colder 

‘erate tonight. 

north portions. 

ally experienced it could fully 
know. Our living habits and en- 
vironmental traits frequently 

indelible and lasting re- 
minders could not all be left be- 

An existence” 

bordered on the yery. brink. of, 
| Insanity, so it is with the great- 
‘est deal of sincerity that I say 
| such 

“Human beings are creatures 

of habit. Habits are formed over 


the dull 


have a new 
quite impressive 

is nothing more repeti- | 
more revolting and | 

Weather Predictions 

By U.S. Weather Bureau 

Fair, Cold W ednesday 

Boston and Vicinity: Fair and 

|low temperatures near 
|Wednesday fair and _ colder. | 
Westerly winds 15-25 miles an 
| hour today diminishing to mod- 

and Connecticut: Fair and colder 
tonight and Wednesday. 

Vermont, New Hampshire and 

20. | 



tonight with | 

Rhode Island, | 

Maine: Partly cloudy and colder | 
tonight with a few snow flurries | 

south portions partly 
north’ portions and colder. 

Eastport to Block Island: 
Small craft warning. Good visi- 
bility today and tonight. 


‘High Tide, Commonwealth Pier 

: i 
Recorded Literature Series: J. B. Priest- | 
book “De- | 


) “Rose ‘Alba, 

Feb, 20. 3:19 a.m., ht. 10.3 ft. 
Feb, 20. 3:50 p.m., ht. 9.2 ft. 
Sun Rises Sun Sets Moon Rises 
6:33 a.m. 5:23p.m. midnight 

Events Scheduled 

In Greater Boston 

'': preview room, audio-visual de- 
Boston Public Library: 

:30 p.m. 
Boston Public i aeery, Recorded Litera. | 
an Druten speaks | 

ture series: John 
on the art of playwriting, 
by reading from 

P.m.. preview room. 

; Wednesday 

Philatelists will men at 
t 4 p.m 

illustrated | 
own plays; 7 

Boston Uni- 

the white rose of the 
Renaissance,” botanist’s talk at 
Wellesley by r Anderson of St. 
Louis, 4:40 p.m., 

a , *.. Her Story” and “Hor- 

program at Boston 
Public alin Feat Copley 

uare, 2 p.m.; 
m, vals and Folkways of 
Austsia, "ate 

Wednesday fair | 


ve Hall on campus. 

U.S. Oil Industry 

-on the way toward improvement ° 
leading to better production and} 

Around New England | 

| better security, 
The Wessell committee recom. 

BU Sells 

By the Associated Press 
Montpelier, Vt. 

Senator Ralph E. Flanders (R) of Vermont said today the 
American oil industry will be taken over by the government as 
a public utility if oil companies “continue to take advantage of a 
foreign situation when their stocks are high and their produc- 
tion capable of great expansion.” 

In. an address: prepared for. Vermont radio stations, Senator’ 
Flanders said “oil companies have raised the price of oil and 
iis products to American customers. On the basis of free enter- 
prise, of which I am an ardent supparter, it can be argued.that 
they can and may charge al] that the market will bear.” 

But, the senator said, this “is not in the long-range self inter- 
est of the oil companies. 

“If they continue to take advantage of a foreign situation 
when their stocks are high and their production capable of 
great expansion, they may look for legislation in the near future 
which will declare the oil industry to be a public utility in 
which. prices will be determined by the government -instead of 

Crime Probers Quiz Tax Consultant 

By a Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 

Nearly four hours of testimony was given at a closed hearing 
of the Massachusetts Crime Commission yesterday by Julius 
E. Rosengard, Brookline lawyer and tax consultant. 

A commission spokesman later said the witness was co- 
operative and testified willingly regarding his business associa- 
tions and sources of income. 

Mr. Rosengard was once considered a reluctant witness but 
his appearance removed a threatened court action to force 
him to testify. A subpoena had been issued for him to appear 
Jan. 28 but he left for Florida Jan. 21, 

Charles B. Rugg, counsel for Mr. Rosengard, said his client 
would be available for further questioning “if given reasonable 

notice.” The witness answered all questions put to him, Mr. 
Rugg said, 

(‘Harvard Divinity Reaches Fund Goal 

bncoetcielendoilen people of this. proud... 

prison—a new, 

‘By @ St an writey BY The Christian Science Monitor _ 
Cambridge. “Mass. 

Harvard Divinity School has reached the goal it set five 
years ago for a $5,000,000 endowment, it was announced today. 

With the additional $1,000,000 which the Harvard Corpora- 
tion: promised upon reaching this goal, and the $1,000,000 
endowment which the school had at the beginning of the effort, 
the present. endowment. for .advanced.research...and teaching 
in religion now is $7,000,000. 

Dr. Nathan M: Pusey, Harvard president, reports that more 
than 800 individuals contributed to the fund. John Lord O’Brian, 
Washington lawyer, led the endowment campaign. 


Sargent Plant to Harvard 

By a Sta? oe of The Christian Science Monitor. .- 
Cambridge, Mass. 

Boston University has sold the entire physical plant of its 
Sargent College of Physical Education to Harvard University. 

The exact sum involved in the transaction has not been dis- 
closed, but Dr. Harold C. Case, president of BU, said that 
the amount was “sufficient to meet one-third of the cost of the 
new Sargent facilities which are projected for the near future 
on the developing Boston University Charles River campus.” 

Harvard University will take possession of the property at 
6 Everett Street, Cambridge, on July 1, 1958. It consists of three 
gymnasiums, a phvsical therapy clinic, lounges, and four class- 
rooms. There is also a five-story dormitory with two class- 
rooms at 1595 Massachusetts Avenue and a residential dormi- 
tory for seniors at 3 Sacramento Street, 

Green Clarifies Stand on Red China 

By the Associated Press ee 

Senator Theodore F. Green (D) of Rhode Island sought to 
make it clear today that he does not favor an early exchange of 
diplomats with Communist China. 

He told interviewers last night on a radio panel program 
(Reporters Roundup—MBC): “I think we should recognize Red 
China, sooner or later.” The United States now recognizes the 
Formosan regime of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek as the 
Chinese government, 

Under questioning, Senator Green said recognition was with- 
held from Communist China while other Communist govern- 
ments are recognized. * 

Senator Green, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations 
Committee, put out a statement saying he understood his re- 
marks were construed as “endorsement of the proposition that 
the United States should forthwith exchange diplomats with 
Communist China.” 

“Such is not the case,” Senator Green’s statement said. “Red 
China has not purged itself of its aggression against the United 
Nations in Korea, and it still holds American citizens prisoner 
against their will. 

“In time, sooner or later, as I said, the President, whose 
responsibility it is, must determine if we are to continue to 
live without official contact with 300 million Chinese.” 


/mended that the foundry be 

transferred “to a minimum see 
curity institution” 

sioner Oswald says, 
pole was opened, Massachusetts; 
had spent large sums to install: 
a foundry and it seemed best not, 
to throw it entirely overboard, ‘ 

So we have had top. foundrye? 

; but Commise* 
“When Wale> 

men from. all over the country f 

come. and . 
and redesign it. 

survey our foundry? 
Now we can: 

anticipate, I think, an increase‘ 

in production of more than 300° 
per cent over what was possible | 
at Charlestown.” 

Adjustment Center Due 
Another recommendation of 

the Wessell. committee, 

the General Laws, was’ that 
segregated unit be built in which | 

could be held the worst trouble. ; 

makers in the inmate. group, thes 


, ounces, 

‘tien should be 
| tor, 

men whose refusal or inability to ° 

strictions to all. 



in Chapter 770 of: 


| ae 

| adjust brings penalties and re- ; 

Thiscis in the planning stage ; 
and is to be called the adjust-! 
ment center, accommodating 58 : 
prisoners, who can be sent there * 

irem any of the state’s penal in- 

The in-service training pro- 
gram, in operation at Walpole | 
but including the personnel of 
all the penal 
ing influence on the whole sys- 

The commissioner describes it 
as having three prongs: orienta- 
tion of new workers, refresher 
courses for permanent employ- 

» 008 end daily. on-therjob. train.» 

ing by a training officer in each 
institution. A fourth purpose is 
the training .of promising. pere- : 
sonnel, at schools outside the? 
tive and administrative jobs in 3 

,the penal. system. 

As of now, 22 per cent of the; 
employees of the prisons ~ 
have taken the refresher and ; 
orientation courses. 

not just from Wale | 

| institutions for . 
is expected to have laste ° 


: . 

for higher execu<«* 




An smernetiones Daily 


Second-class mail privileges authorized» 
at Boston, Massachusett 

Payable in advance, 
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partment, The Christian Science Meni-s 


| Wesmenazes 1293 ag BA ~R. 




Ee oe ta ey 


F Siac Flight Rides Research 

By Robert C. Cowen . 
15 “Phe Christion ctence fo 
San Diego, Calif. 

~~ Spaceflight has become a se- 

. rious natural scientific business. 

One needs to spend only a few 
minutes at the astronautics sym- 
posium that is being held here to | 
see that hard-headed business- 

men and their research directors, | 

with strong backing from mili- | 
jary agencies, have preempted | 
is romantic field trom the writ- 
ers of science fiction. 
This symposium was arranged 
and sponsored by the Air Force 

Office of Scientific Research and | 

the new astronautics division of 
the Convair division of the Gen- 
eral Dynamics Corporation. Its 

purpose is to bring together nat- | 

ural scientists who today are 

ounce for ounce, 



| have been 

ecm ene 


AT 75th ST. 

Large, Beautifully furnished 
single rooms, private bath, from *6 daily 
| coereeneds. from $19% daily 
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Oscer Wintrab, Menaging Director 


‘that a space expedition to the 

4 working on problems related to | natural racine 


Thus the delegates "gathered 
here are neither visionaries nor 
enthusiastic amateurs...Yet.they. 
are talking seriously about) 
flights to the moon or to Mars or) 
'to Venus within the next two to | 
i three decades. Manned flights 
into airless space for briefer | 

‘ventures are expected to come | 
9 ‘rector of the Directorate for 

| much sooner even than that. 
This new professional status | 
‘for space-flight \research was 
emphasized by Brig. Gen.-H. 
Gregory, AFOSR commander, 
who explained in a welcoming | 
address to the delegates, “We 
believe that flight outside the 
atmosphere is a reality that can-_ 
not and must not be minimized. 

It may be somewhat early to be | 

building space ships, but it is not 
too early to be thinking .about., 
‘exploratory research in this 

This research and its impli- 
cations form the topics for the | 
‘three days of discussions that 
scheduled for the | 
isymposium. Two of these days 

‘are being devoted to open ses- 
rsions covering many aspects of. 

space-flight research. The third 
day’ s sessions, however, will be 
' classified, and admission will be 

'restricted to registrants with se- 

curity clearances. 

No ‘Crash Program’ 

But in spite of this secrecy 
curtain on the last day, much 

of the latest expert thinking on 
| space-flight problems and pros- 
‘pects will be made public. What 

is this thinking tak- 
|ing? What are these prospects? 
| Even ..the most conservative 

| natural scientists here. say that 

these prospécts are spectacular 

‘and challenging. 

Given the need, the priorities, 
and the necessarily vast sums of 
itis. the. consensus. here 



beyond could 

in 10 years, 

‘largely on the equipment avail- 
able today. 

| Since the need 
| pressing and since the priorities 
| and 
| gram” 

not that 


money for a “crash pro- 

could not be justified, the | 

t yond. the 

| Pasadena, Calif., 

| that his company 
| about $100,000 yearly on engi- 
| neering layouts for both manned 
‘and unmanned 
_and related problems. These are 

'Vair is working. 

Sissy lace 

14% to 221. of 

Shop Wednesday 
‘til 8:30 

no-iron dacron 


‘Search on special 
_chemical fuels.should.bring.a.50 
per cent increase in rocket ef- | 

are thinking in 
terms of a more leisurely | 
time olen Nonetheless, re- 
search is already aimed well be- 
kind of unmanned 
earth satellite vehicles that: are 
scheduled to be launched some- | 
time later this year. 

Vacuum Chamber Studied 
Thus Dr. Morton Alperin, di- 

Advanced Studies for AFOSR at 
told of feasi- 
bility studies now under way 
on the design of a high vacuum 
chamber in which men in spe- 
cially equipped space suits 
would live and work under sim- 
_ulated conditions of interplanet- 
ary space. 

This chamber, if finally ap- 
proved and built, would have 
immediate usefulness . for._re- 
search on a variety of high 
.vacuum problems, including the 
design of advanced electronic 
tubes. But in the long run it 
also would provide an oppor- 
tunity to test the reactions and 

Inereases Defended 

Oil Price Dispute Blazes. 

By Richard L. Strout 

Staff Correspondent of 
The. Christian Science Monitor 


The conflict of approach over | over the government's turning | 

higher corporate prices during 
threatened inflation is illustrated 
in _congressional oil hearings 

Monroe Jackson Rathbone, 
president of the 8-billion-dollar 
Standard Oil Company of New 
Jersey, told a House Commerce 
subcommittee that the oil indus- 
try did not use the Middle East 
oil crisis as an excuse to push 
up gasoline and fuel-oil prices. 
The increases were long over- 
due, Mr. Rathbone declared, to 
compensate for steadily increas- 

_ing industrial costs affecting the 


Simultaneously, Chairman Jo- 
seph C. O'Mahoney (D) of 
Wyoming, heading a joint Sen- 

‘tae group investigating the oil 

| efficiency of men living under | 

many of the conditions of space. 
It is an example of. the direction 
this kind of research is taking. 
To look at 
James Dempsey of Convair said 
is spending 

space vehicles 

drawnh up and shown to prospec- 

‘tive customers just like ordinary 

aircraft layouts. 

So far, he explained, there 
have been no takers for the 
proposed space models. The Air 
Force is more interested in 
progress on the Atlas intercon- 
tinental missile on which Con- 

But, Mr. Dempsey said, space 
vehicles are the kind of thing 
with which Convair expects. to 
do business in the future, and 
that means pushing as hard in 
that direction as is feasible to- 
day. He added that other com- 
panies in the field are begin- 
ning to take this attitude toward 
space vehicle research as well. 

‘Rocket Efficiency 

Space-flight research, of course, 

is‘in its infancy, There is very 

‘much that must still be learned 

before even brief sorties into 
Space are attempted. Yet the 

can be forecast on the basis of 
existing knowledge already 
seem to have carried us part 
way into the world of 

Summarizing the panel dis- 
cussions on propulsion, of which 
he was chairman, Dr. William 
Bollay, president of Aerophysics 
Development Corporation, said 
that existing rocket fuels and 
teehnology are sufficient for de- 

veloping exploration of the solar 

system, although very large ships 
would be needed because of the 
weight of fuel that would have 
to be carried. 

He added that military re- 

ficiency. in the next 10. years. 
This would reduce the weight 
needed for a space ship. 

This is just one example of 
the kind of projective thinking 
that is being explored at the 
symposium here. Dr. Bollay 
characterized it by saying that 
the discussions reminded him 
of the discussions he had seen 

‘In old aeronautical journals of 
the 1880's. 

Perhaps, he explained, re- 
searchists now, like those early 
aeronautical speculators, are but 
realization “of their 
environment. The job now, as 
then, he explained, is to sift the 
few practical ideas from the 
many wild ones and lay the fer -the 
working space ships 20 years 

Communist China 
Acts to Cut Costs 

By Reuters 

Communist Chinese Gov- 

, ernment ministries intend to 

cut their administrative ex- 
penses by at least 40,000,000 
“Yilin (about $16,800,000) this 
year, the Communist Party 
newspaper People’s Daily has 
reported here. 

The move, part of a nation- 
wide economy drive, has al- 
ready resulted in such expen- 

last year. 

The newspaper, quoting an 
official of the state council, 
said the main items affected 
will be travel, telegrams, and 
expenses of staging meetings. 

There will be fewer confer- 
ences during the year to be 
attended by fewer delegates. 

Buc k, 

lift to Europe and oil prices, 


poenaed minutes of an executive 
committee meeting last Dec, 13 

‘of Mr. Rathbone’s company. 

it another way, | 

The minutes disclose, accord- 
ing to Senator O’Mahoney, dis- 
cussions showing that a 25-cent- 
a barrel price increase would 
increase the New Jersey com- 
pany’s net profits by 100 million 

Price Boosted Ses. 3 

Humble. Oil & Refining Com- 
pany, a subsidiary of Standard 
Oil of New Jersey increased oil 
prices 35 cents a barrel Jan. 3. 

Present at the Dec. 13 meet- 
ing - were -Mr, Rathbone.-and 
Stewart P. Coleman, the firm’s 


| things -that-cottld-be done or that * 

| rounding 
| 1853. and 
| fire and police 
-and taxing agen¢ies, 

4a short’20 Véars from the first” 
dreams of travel through a new | 

-poehtical strength. 
, apathy 
“eee Vance tity-CoOUnly 
‘a statewide 
_._ BTroups, 

diture being reduced by half _. 
in January as eompared with . 

Mr. Coleman also is chairman 
of the Middle East Emergency 
Committee the group of a 
dozen international oil com- 
panies set up by the administra- 
tion ‘under a relaxation of the 

, Telephone 

Senator .O’Mahoney. asks if a 

some of its 1957 models) and 
Standard. Oil Company of New 

‘conflict of interest did not sain Jersey. 

the big oil lift over to major 
American oil companies which | 
had great financial stake in the) 


Spokesmen for the adminis- 
tration defend the action, argu- 

ing that it-speeded up oil to 





Europe, helped meet the petro- | 

leum crisis which they new de- 
clare is well on its way to solu- 
tion, and was safeguarded by 
the fact that the operation was 
very specific, and very limited. 
Mr. Rathbone was testifying 
at one end of the Capitol before 
the House Committee while 
Officials of the Interior Depart- 
ment dealing with the oil lift 
were testifying before the Sen- 
ate O’Mahoney committee. 
No Cuts Expected 
Mr. Rathbone indicated in his 

and fuel-oil prices will not be 

' Role Applauded 

Humble Oil started the price 
‘boosts last January during the 
oil lift. As a result United 
States gasoline prices generally 
rose a cent a gallon, and con- 
sumers paid more for fuel oil. 

Mr. Rathbone expressed pride 
at his company’s role in the oil 
lift. Contrasted with earlier 
warnings of inadequate supplies 
by administration officials here, 
he said that during November 
and December “more than 92 
per cent of European require- 
ments were supplied” and fore- 

cast that in the first quarter of 
1957 “more than 80 per cent of: 
Europe’s normal demands will | 

prepared statement that. gasoline | 

cut after- the Suez Canal .is re- | 

opened and Middle East oil 
pipelines repaired. 

Quite apart from the oil lift, 
and also quite apart from the 
oil industry itself, the rising tide 
of industrial prices confronts 
the antiinflationary drive of the 
administration with a problem. 

For example, while Congress 

‘here dealt with oil, word came | 
York that the Bell | 

from New 

be satisfied.” 

'antitrust laws to organize and (which increased the prices of | 
| operate the oil lift to Europe. 

Mr. Rathbone attributed ris- | 

ing prices to: rising costs. 

This is the ancient inflation- 

ary spiral which economists 
have long pointed out. 

“There has been no general , 
increase in price for almost four | 

years,” Mr. Rathbone said. 

“During this same period,” he 

added, “our major domestic re- 

‘fining and marketing affiliate, | 

Esso Standard Oil Company, 

experienced rises in the cost of | 

after what | 

it deseribed as the greatest dol- | 
lar earnings in its history, plans | 

to “vigorously pursue” 
ereases in many states. 

Frederick R. Kappel, president 
of AT&T, parent 

rate in- 

of the Bell | 
said earnings are inade- | 

quate to assure the company’s | 

essential growth. 
Only two other 

earned more after taxes than 


the Bell system—General Motors | 

Philadelphia Awaits 

Boundaries Action 

By J. Arthur Lazell 

Special to 

A new effort being made 

to eliminate a century-old con- 

dition that stands in the way of 

more. efficient 


municipal gov- 
ernment for this city. The ob- 
jective is complete .city-county 

The two opponents in Phila- 

delphia’s mayoralty campaign of | 

1955, Democratic Mayor Rich- 
ardson Dilworth and Republican 
W. Thacher Longstreth, are tak- 
ing part in a renewed bipartisan 
effort to effect the final con- 
solidation. The Citizens’ 

Consolidation Voted in 1854 
The historv 
goes back beyond 1854, when 
Philadelphia County had 13 
townships, 9 districts, and 6 bor- 

oughs. The city, itself, com- 

prised about two square miles | 
persons. | 

and contained 121,000 
Each of the 28 communities sur- 
the Philadelphia 

protection, taxes 
water and 
gas rates. The state Legislature 
passed the Act of Consolidation 
in 1854, giving the city 


The 1874 Pennsylvania Con- 
stitution set the clock back, how- 
ever, when it set forth a list of 
at least 11 county officers, in- 

cluding city controller and city | 
treasurer, who were to be chosen | 

by popular election—emphasiz- 

ing the separateness of city and | 

county government. 

The key to the situation lay 
in the fact that county offices 
were useful for providing re- 
wards for political service, 
ating patronage 

Public Apathy Downed 
As years went 
voided. ..many 


tion until a few years ago when 
campaign. sparked 
business, legal, reli- 
labor, political, profes- 

farm, and women’s 
produced . overwhelming 

by civic, 

approval “of -&*cit¥-equnty ~eork'} 

solidation-—amendment to the 
state Constitution in November 
1951. Statewide voters supported 
the amendment by a three-to- 
one vote. In Philadelphia, the 
amendment won by an 11-to-l 

However, when _ supporting 
legislation was started through 

the State Assembly, an amend- 
gm iment added in the Senate ex- 


Charter | 
Committee is hetping lead the) 

of the problem | 

end | 
county of Philadelphia the same . 

cre- | 
which builds | 

public | 
efforts. to- 
consolida- | 

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The Christian Sciénce Monitor 

empted four offices from city-| 
county consolidation: offices of | 
sheriff, city commissioners, ' 
board of revision of. taxes, and | 
registration commission. Al- 
though the state supreme court 
held that the proposed exemp- 

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What kind of looks 

has your wife been 

giving you lately? 

The look to watch for comes out of the corner of the eya 
Sometimes the lid drops slightly. 

Let it be a warning to you as plain as a peal of thunder: there’s 
a storm brewing about money. Maybe she’s concluded you're 
good at making it but just not very smart about handling it. 
Step: her in her tracks by addressing her something tike this? 
Darling (you say gently), I suggest that you and I, together, 
look into the matter of increasing our family income by in- 
vesting a little money at regular intervals in common stock 
or bonds listed on the New York Stock Exchange. And no 

interruptions, please, until you have made this fascinating 
journey with me in five stops... 

First stop: Two out of three shareowners have.incomes-under 
$7500 a year. If we own stock we'll have a chance of getting 
dividends to increase our income and of getting income from 
other sources than my job. And if the company grows the 
value of our investment may grew, too. Because stock makes = ~ 
us part-owners of the company and if it prospers we may share 

in its prosperity. Or we can buy honds that promise to pay 
interest on our money. 

| Second stop: We'll be intelligent investors. Sometimes a com- 

pany doesn’t pay dividends or doesn’t grow. So we won't jump 
at tips or rumors — we'll get facts before we buy. And we'll 
use only money left over after the bills and family emergencies 

| are provided for. 

| Third stop: We'll introduce ourselves to a fellow who knows 

a lot more about investing than we do—a broker in a Member 
Firm of the New York Stock Exchange. We'll ask him to help 
us plan a really sensible investment program. We'll find out 
whether bonds are better for us than stocks. Everybody who's 

going to invest should ask the help of a.good broker, -Thak’s. co. 

what he’s there for... to help us buy or sell securities wisely. 

Fourth stop: Together we'll read a wonderful booklet called 
“DIVIDENDS OVER THE YEARS.” It’s got sixteen pages packed 

with information about more than 300 stocks on the Exchange 

“that Have paid dividends every year from 25 to 108 years, 

It tells which ones are prefersed by financial institutions, 

which pay 5 to 6 percent dividends at recent prices, and other 
interesting facts. 

Fifth stop: And finally, in that booklet we'll read about the 
marvelously convenient Monthly Investment Plan that can help 
us invest regularly in some of America’s greatest corporations, 
In any one Plan we can invest as little as $40 every three 
months—up to $1000 a month. 

And now darling (you conclude winningly), will you take this 
journey with me into the fascinating world of investments? 
If you will, we can own our share of American business. 

If you deliver the above speech with proper inflections, your 
wife will break into a broad and loving smile. But don’t let her 

beat you to the coupon. That’s your prerogative. Tear it out 
now and send it at the first opportunity. 

New York Stock Exchange 


Send for new free booklet. Mai! to your local Member Firm 
of the Stock Exchange, or to New. York Stock Exchange, 
Dept. 7C, P. O. Box 252, New York 5, N.Y. 

Please send me, free, “DIVIDENDS OVER a YEARS — a basic 

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“British Snipe at U.S. Stand on Israel and Egypt 

a By Henry S. Hayward ) 
‘conse Chies of the London News Bureew of 
The Christian Science Monitor ' Cémments the 
London | Mail: 

Britain is nodding with un-. “The United States is discov-_ 
derstanding — but very little ering what Britain learned long. 
sympathy—at the United States ego. The - exercise. of power, 
dilemma over Israel. even benevolent power, in the 

Indeed,. one encounters indi-| Middle East is not so simple as 
vidual sentiment to this effect:|it looks. There are many pit- 

“If you're going to take over falls on the road to peace.” 
an area (such as the Mideast),' Adds the London Daily Tele-' 

make ceftain yo 

; you intend. te do- 

the Gulf of Aqaba .. 
shockingly cynical or alarming- 

. is either 

ly naive.” 

The- newspaper continues its 
criticism by asserting *‘ either 
the President is constiously 
misleading Israel by promising 
what he knows he cannot fulfil, 
and has no intention of fulfill- 

Lets have 
a nice big 





ly ener tng | 
agining that he can bring more 
influence to bear in Cairo than 

red canal transit 
for all nations would be re- 
stored. Yet many here still are 

he. actually can.” oo} Worried “that it- wilt not: be re- 

| Irritation Reflected 

| Such sharp words of criticism 
for the United States perhaps 
refiect an understandable irri- 
tation on the part of many Brit- 

ition to cali the: signals— 

Britain would employ in such 

Even The Times, of London, 
(independent Conservative) 
says the United Nations has been 
“stalling” and does not blame 
Israel for asking “something 
firmer than President LEisen- 
hower'’s. unrealistic advice that 
she should rely ‘on the resolute- 
ness of all friends of justice’ to 
ensure that safety and fair deal- 
ing in the region are assured.” 
| The Times reflects a certain 
‘amount of informed British 

\thinking in recommending edi-. 

‘torially that the Gaza Strip be 
| Paced under UN control. The 
|UN Emergency Force, this news- 
'paper suggests, should not only 
‘occupy the disputed area but 
should “show a little boldness” 
‘in looking after Israel’s security 
complaints and Egypt's tendency 
to organize commando raids. 
Negotiations Best Hope 
“The best hope,” The Times 
asserts, “still lies in prelimi- 
nary negotiations outside the 
Assembly. President Eisenhower 
and Mr. Dulles were certainly 

right to make the attempt and, | 

if they are bolder in their aims 
and set real work for the UN 
force to do in Gaza in preserv- 
ing the truce—not for Israel's 
sake but .for..the...peace..of.the 
region—theyv may even now .win 
more support. The alternative is 
utter failure.” 

More extreme British opinion 
holds that neither the UN nor 
the United States is in a position 
to guarantee Israel free passage 
through the Suez Canal or the 
Gulf of Aqaba once Israel troops 
are withdrawn from Gaza and 

ons that Washington now is in. 
yet is nof calling the exact plays | 

stored, despited alleged Ameri- 
.can influence with President 
'Nasser of Egypt. 

Assurances Called Dubious 

. And, they continue, with this 
|example before them, why 
should the Israeli give up their 





By Mary Hornaday 
Special Correspondent o/ 

The Christian Scence Monitor 
United Nations, N.Y. 
The United States has been 
handed another difficult diplo- 

matic problem with reintroduc- 
| tion of the Cyprus issue into the 

United Nations. 

Opposing complaints have 

been. presented .by two. of. this 

one remaining bargaining weéa- | 
'pon (Gaza and Aqaba) without | 

‘more solid assurances than 
London feels it obtained for its 
Suez withdrawal? 

As the Daily Telegraph sees 

it, the United States is trying - 

to win favor with the Arab 
states and make a success of the 
‘Eisenhower Mideast Doctrine, 
whereas support for Israel 
would reverse this trend 

“The idea that the United 
States cannot support Israel to- 
day, but will be only too happy tomorrow, is -just.-dis- 
hénest,” the newspaper charges. 
“At.-some- point the United 
States must demonstrate to an 
incredulous world that having 
influence with the Arab states 
involves actually using that in- 
fluence. Infiuence that exists 
only on condition that it 
never used is just diplomatic 

Israel, meanwhile, is seen as 
demanding a firm pledge ol 
American assistance before 
withdrawing. Such a guarantee 
would be interpreted in some 
quarters not only as favoring 
Israel over Egvpt to the detri- 
ment of the Eisenhower 
trine but also as flouting the 
UN. So that move is recognized 
here as difficult. 

lf,..indeed, American -sanc- 
tions are applied against Israe! 
to force withdrawal, London 
suggests Washington might not 
only face further Mideast dis- 
orders but the accusation of 
double-standard diplomacy — 
one for a smal) Israel, another 
for a large Soviet Union which 
ignored the United Nations on 


Doc- ' 

country’s North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization allies. 

One, introduced by Greece, 
says that the “situation ’§ in 
Cyprus has gravely deterio- 
rated” and expresses a “wish” 
that the Cypriotes “be given the 
opportunity to determine their 
own future by the application of 
their right to self-determina- 

The second, from the United 
Kingdom, charges that under- 
ground organizations in Cyprus 
has received military support 
from Greece and calis on the 
Government of Greece to take 
effective measures to prevent 
such support. 

Danger Signals Rise 

The United States has never 
encouraged the Greeks in their 
insistence on having Enosis or 
union of the Cypriotes with 
Greece preceded by a UN dec- 
laration in favor of “self-deter- 
mination” for the peoples of the 
British crown colony. but -re- 
centiv danger signals have gone 
up that lack of Western support 
for the Greek case might lead 
to eventual Greek withdrawal 
from NATO into the neutralist 

Last week Greece voted solidly 
with the anticolonialists on the 
Algerian question in the UN. 

On -the--ether -hand, Cyprus 

was used-as the-principal British 

base anda headquarters for its 
attack on Port Said. leading to 
a strengthened British convic- 
tion that Cyprus is indispensable 
to Britain in the Middle East. It 
conceivably could become an im- 
portant strategic base for the 
new Eisenhower Middle East 
assistance plan 

The United States would have 

Khrushchev: Policy Unchanged 

By the Associated Press 

Nikita S: Khrusnchnev has gone 
out of his way to emphasize that 
last week’s change of foreign 
ministers does not mean a 
change in Soviet foreign policy. 

Seizing a microphone at a 
Soviet-Bulgarian party, Feb. 18, 
the Soviet Community Party 
boss launched into a speech ap- 
parently aimed at observers 

“Our foreign policy does not 
depend on any one individual,” 
Mr. Khrushchev said. 

He went on to expound the 
continuity of Soviet policy. 

Andrei A. Gromyko had re- 
placed Dmitri Shepilov as For- 
eign Minister, Feb. 15, three days 
after Mr. Shepilov outlined the 
government’s foreign policy out- 
look to the Supreme. Soviet 

Mr. Khruschev told the guests 
at the reception: 

! “Our former Minister of For- 
eign Affairs, Shepilov, defended 
our interests. Gromyko will carry 
out these policies... . Shepilo, 
stated our case very well in his 
address to the Supreme Soviet. 

.. We stand by what he said.” 

Once again Mr. Khrushche, 
praised Stalin and said the So- 
viet people would not abandon 
their late leader 

He called Stalin 

The reception was for a visit- 
ing Bulgarian Government and 
Contmunist Party. delegation 
which its expected to sign another 
of the series of Eastern European 
unity and friendship pacts with 
thé Soviets. 

“a man ol 

Colonizers Sought 
a ¥ Reuters 
The Soviet Union is offering 
unprecedented financial and 
other inducements to persuade 
farmers and workers to colonize 
the Far East. where. 
economic regions are destined 
'to grow in the next 10 to 15 
Pioneers who accept the offer 

to start careers anew with their > 

families in Primorsky Kaai, on 
the Chinese border, will benefit 

,by free travel for the family and 

its cattle with two tons of pri- 
vate family possessions, accord- 
ing to a state advertisement ap- 
pearing here 

The settiers will receive a 
cash payment of 1,000 rubles 
($250 at the official exchange 
rate) for the head of each fam- 
ily plus 300 rubles for remaining 
members of the family, taxation 
exemption for the first five years 
in the new lands, immunity from 
state grain procurement, and 
sizable credits for construction 
and stocking up with cattle and 
other items." 

Further evidence of drastic 
Soviet efforts to encourage a 
population swing to the Far East 
was given in the Feb. 18 evening 
newspaper Moscow reporting a 
speech by the Minister of 
Higher Education, V. P. Elvutin. 

He told a conference of Soviet 
educationalists that one of the 
Soviet Union’s main tasks now 
teaching specialists destined to 
move to the new economic re- 
gions throughout the country to 
lay the basis of schooling there. 


Men who guide the destinies of the | World Girl Guides Plan 
Tribute to Baden-Povell 

world wear Rolex watches 

s “Pe esea 
¢ “a 
: . zs , 
bd ¥ + - 
“~ » CG 

NEVER before have the great men of the 

age been so well known to their contem- 

poraries as t day. 


News of almost ail 

words and actions is flashed round 

the world in seconds. Their taces and 

voices are made daily familiar to us in 

newspaper photographs, on the radio, 

in films, and on television. We are in- 

tensely aware not only of their impor- 


but also of their personalities. 

heir impact is enormatiS'on us as well 

as on world events. 



+‘ oul 


d not be fitting to name them 

tor they include royalty, the heads 

of Statés,; gréat statesmen, and service 

chiefs. But there is one unusual thing 
we invite you to Took at when vou next 
see them or their pictures-—-the watch 

on their wrists. That watch will most 

likely bear the name of Rolex of Geneva. 

~““T'Tribiter Each 

| to 

Specie? to The Christian Science Monitor 


Girl Guides of all races, 
faiths, and nationalities will 
converge on Doe Lake, Ontario, 
at a Girl Guide camp in 1957. 
They will meet to celebrate the 
céntenary year of the founder 
of the Boy Scout and Girl 
Guide movements, Lord Baden- 
Powell of Gilwell, England. 
The Canadian Girl Guides 
have a special project to mark 
this anniversary, “The 
| special effort to make her own 
home a happier place in which 
live. Groups will join in a 
‘project to make others happier 

Packs and companies are now 
considering how to carry out 
i this plan. For Brownies, Guides, 


_and Rangers directly connected . 

‘with various churches, this B-P 

B-P ’ 
make a 

will be chosen to camp with 
sister Guides of other lands at 
the Centenary World Camp 

from Aug. 8 to Aug. 19. 



James &. 

Q & Sons (1d. 
38-40. James. St.. Harrogate 

4142 Duke S1., Piccadilly 
LONDON, 8.W.1 


of Loudon and Harrogate | 

| Before UN Again 
Cyprus. Issue 

liked to have seen [the accept- 

‘ance by Greece -6f Britain's. 

‘Radcliffe constitutional proposals 
\for Cyprus as a first step for 
negotiating a settlement, but 
they were presented on a take-it- 
or-leave-it basis. Tuey were 
turned down by the Greeks on 
the ground that they set no date 
for granting self-determination. 

American support is requisite 
‘for the adoption of any UN 
resolution on Cyprus, since it 
takes a two-thirds majority’ to 
put any resolution through the 
UN General Assembly. 

This is. the third time the 
Cyprus issue has been brought 
before the UN by Greece. At the 
ninth Assembly, the question 
was considered briefly but it 
was decided that “for the time 
being” it did not appear appre- 
priate to adopt a resolution. The 
Greek Government appealed 
again to the last Assembly, but 
the steering committee and As- 
sembly decided against includifig 
the issue on the agenda. 

Tension Mounts 

Tension on the island has con- 
tinued to mount, and this year, 
for the first time, Britain has 
not objected to UN examination 
of the problem. It has countered 
Greek initiative at the UN with 
an invitation to the international 

body to kéep an @yé on under- | 

ground bombings and killings 
which, according to evidence 
presented by Comdr. Allan 

Noble, British Minister of State | 

for Foreign Affairs, have been 

“encouraged and supported from 

Greece.” | 
According to the British, un- 

derground activity dating back — 

to April 1,- 1955, has resulted-in 
265 persons killed and 599 
wounded, Of those killed; 119 
were said to be Greek Cypriote 
civilians. Assassination of any 
Cypriotes who oppose Enosis, the 
British delegate charged, is in- 
tended “to create a total atmos- 
phere of fear and suspicion 
among the Greeks of Cyprus.” 

‘Turks Back British 

The British told the UN that 
they would “go on searching for 
a solution,” but held out little 

i promise. of finding“until .) 

'those who support Enosis 
willing to allow 
to live In peace and to express 
their opinions free from intiml- 

and by the Turkish mi- 
nority in Cyprus which seeks to 
naintain the status quo has 
been another § indication of 
mounting tension. Backing the 
British in their efforts to nego- 
tiate the problem, Ambassador 
Selim Sarper of Turkey told the 
UN that “the terrorism Instigat- 
ed, supported, and sustained by 
Greece in Cyprus has created a 
situation on the island such that 
coexistence and cooperation be- 
tween the two communities has 
been made totally impossible,” 
NATO Control Urged 

UN have 
they view 



spokesmen at the 
let it be known that 
favorably the idea 




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recently put forward for the 
first time by British Colonial 
Secretary Alan T. Lennox-Boyd 

“to partition the island between ~ 

the Greek and Turkish Cypri- 

Outside the UN, it has also 
been suggested that Britain re- 
lieve the extreme tension on 
Cyprus by inviting NATO, to 

_ which Greece and Turkey both 

belong, to assume military ree 
sponsibility for the base there. 

Greece’s Foreign Minister, 
Evangelos Averoff, led off this 
year’s Cyprus debate and 
warned the British that the day 
will come when they will real- 
ize “that their legitimate inter- 
ests — including oil — cannot be 
safeguarded by the maintenance 
of a ¢éolonial police station. 
These interests,” Mr. Averoff 
declared, “would be far better 
protected by the reestablishe 
ment of confidence, by interna- 
tional guarantees, by the main- © 
tenance of good relations with 
its friends, and by the adoption 
of an exclusively defensive at- 





77 Old Brompton Reed 
South Kens 5. W.7 


the Cypriotes || 

recent outbreak of rioting 

Cables: cule : 
Ph.: LONDON, Kensington 2454 | 



Promptly and Efficiently 
Corried Out by 
insurance broke 

_ ee me 
169 Station Road, Chingford, €. 4 

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John and Edward Bampus | 
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to Her Majesty the Queen 
Oxford Street. Lonodn.~ W: t. 
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68/76 Brompton Road 

90/96 Edgware Road 
Marble Arch 

178, High Road 
7 King Street 

" ie | 

for your convenience 

if the article or service you need 
is not found in this issue ceil 

Temple Bar 2947 

Hours 8:45 A.M. te 5:15 P.M. Daily 
Monday te Friday 

and information will be gladly 
given regarding local and gen- 
1 ~erel advertisements in this paper. 

The Christian Science Monitor 

163-4 Strend 

Lendon, W.C. 2 

YE eR 

z P 

S| a 

AGT Tere 

| Tribute may be linked with the 
The Girl Guides Association 
theless armazed at the accuracy and re- looking to the churches for 
liability of their Rolex watches, Rolex heip in this centenary year, to 
, ‘assist Guides and Brownies 

are proud, if unsurprised, that they 

| whey | with their tribute. Speciai serv- 
quickly take these qualities for granted, |ices or prayers of thanksgiving, 

'and emphasis on importance ol 

second class guides earning the 
| Religion and Life Emblem, are 
|ways in which-churches may 

This emblem, the require- 
nents of which have . been 
drawn up by the churches, in- 
structs Guides in their own 
faith, and helps them to undér- 
stand what they must do to 
live up to the first promise 
made at enrollment as a Guide 
—“*I promise on my honour to 
do my best to do my duty to 

All the Guides will take part 
in the B-P Tribute, but only 
400 deserving Canadian Guides 

oe Co 

Accustomed though they are to the 
very best, these eminent men are never- 

"Over 200 

throughout Merseyside; 
at Chester, and along the 
North Wales Coast to Bangor 
also at Southport, etc. 
etc.. etc. 


for | this reliet , 


much thanks 

tey Perpetual Datejust 

fret evrieri 

The Rolex Or, 
remarkabie a im naichmeaing. Ever 
Datenust is awarded an ¢ F. ial Timing Certitwat 
bv a Swiss Institute for Oficial Timekeeping, wit! 
the mention “PF epectally good resuits.”” Th 
curacy ts protected bs OA), 
Jiurty vears ago the Uy ster toon fame a 
first tweaterproos watch « a (hanne! 
ssoommer. In 19% 3 tt twtthstood the rigours 
successful British Lverest Expedition. It protect 
the movement from all hazards, Ihe watch 1: sel/- 
wound by the Perpetual 
another Rolex 
Rreater G@ccurac’. 
changirig automatitca 
nified by the “Cyclops 

the famous fer case 

nm tie wrist oO] 

“voter ¢mechantsm, 

moentron. that mares f 
The date i OTL 
Y etery wean gr and 

tens Jor easy reading. 

Shakespeare might almost have been refernng 
to the perfect comfort of Dr. Fairweather’s “ RELIEF” 
shoes. The name “ RELIEF” fittingly describes the effect 
when these shoes are worn. Narrow or broad feet present 
no problem to the expert footfitters trained to the “ heel-to- 
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. Charles H. Baber. Ten separate widths are available in 
each half-size up to elevens. 
“Relief "’ shoes are sold only by Charles H. Baber shopa 
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Vest The ‘ Please write for illustrated brochure to Dept. D.] 

The Rolex Oyster Perpetual—cul- 
munation of three Rolex triumphs. In 
1910 Rolex gained thew frst Official 
J oming Neate a 
chronometer. Now Rolex have pro- 
duced over 475.000 Officialiy Cert: 
hed wrist-chronometers-—over twice 
as many as the fhe tess 
tatch mdustr comtuned. In 1926 
Rolex invented the Oyster watch- 
the first truly waterproof case 
in the world and stil the finest. Ths 
rugged and sturdy Oyster protects 
the movement permanentiy, 
neater, dust and dtrt 
imeented the firs! 

{ ere: 

for nrist- 

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in the history of 

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A new refinement of the: 
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I i at! pot mn Aa PES PAE ee 
rari tity Sa to BP Poe: etioney 

ren’ He 




Two Stars From Hollywood and a 

Sein i - ‘ 
et | ” 

| “Rock Huc Hudson 
~On Tour For 

‘Battle Hymn’ 

By Edwin F. Melvin 
Rock Hudson, who was last 

seen on the screen in Boston in; 

“Giant” and will be visible be- 
ginning Wednesday at the Keith 
Memorial as Col. Dean Hess in 
“Battle Hymn,” dropped 
town yesterday with his wife to 
pay a personal visit. 

into |; 

They are making a brief tour | 

in connection with the new film, 
starting in Chicago (Rock Hud- 
son's home town is Winnetka), 
attending the world premiere of 
the picture at Marietta, Ohio, 
hown town of Colore! Hess, and 
stopping at New York, where 
the film is running at the Capitol 
Theater. The star was supposed 

eee A AA 
OOPS Am OS aah 
. Se 3 

.t0--make-— lobby. appearances—.at.2e- 

the Capitol, but the place was 
so crowded that the police ad- 

vised against it and his admirers | 

- had to be content with seeing 
him on the stage. 

In Marietta, an honorary de- 
gree was presented to Colonel! 
Hess last vear, by Marietta Col- 
lege and Rock Hudson received 
one at the time of the premiere. 

The Korean Ambassador to the 

U.S. was present at the premiere, 
@ representative of the studio 
said, arid will entertain the actor 
when the latter reaches Wash- 
ington. This will be the next stop 
after Boston. It will be followed 
by-a visit to Pittsburgh and then 
a return to New York. 

7 ERR awe 

itional Theater and Academy. 

This is not the first time Rock | 

“Hudson has been in Boston, but 
was here before in 
53 he was less of a 
celebrity than he is now. He is 
a modest, quiet-spoken young 
man conservatively attired yes- 
terday in a gray suit, pin-stripe 
shirt with collar to match, dark 
tie, and loafer shoes. Not until 
he stand up is his six-feet-four- 
inch height apparent. 

At breakfast with the press he 
said that his next assignment 
will be in a new film version of 
Ernest Hemingway's “A Fare- 
--well- to-Arms:” 
“Pylon,” from a story by Wil- 
liam Faulkner — since finishing 
“Battle Hymn.” 

He has never acted on the 
stage, but he would like to try 
it, and he has never done any 
television work, except inter- 
views. He has had some radio 
experience, as Pip in Dickens’ 
“Great Expectations.” 


He enjoyed his role in “Battle 
Hymn,” and he found very ap- 
pealing the 25 Korean orphans 
who were brought to Hollywood 
to take part in the film. Some of 
them were the very children 
rescued by Colonel Hess. Two 
’ Of the Children, a studio répre- 
sentative said, were adopted in 
Los Angeles by Americans of 
Korean descent. 

Rock Hudson first went to 
Hollywood with the intention of 
entering the University. of 
Southern California. When he 
didn’t succeed in that, he had a 
photographer take pictures of 
him and sent these to the stu- 
dios: The Selznick studio was in- 
terested, but as it was closing he 
was sent to Warners’ and got his 
first job as one of the pilots in 
“Fighter Squadron.” That was 

oodt 1948... He. was..under..personal 

contract to Raoul Walsh fora 
year and moved to Universal! in 
1949 for an assignment in “Un- 

The Radio-TV and Record- 
ings..columns, as well. as. the 
Hollywood Letter, will appear 
later this week. 

But he has~at+* 
made another picture— 


Phyllis Curtin will be the 
soprano soloist in Bach's B 
minor Mass, to be presented 
by the Chorus pro Musica 
Sunday evening. March 3, in 
Symphony Hall 

Stage Prospects 

A Greek comedy, translated 
as “The Screwball” or, more 
literally, “A Fool and a Half,” 
is scheduled to come to Boston 
on June 11 or 12 under the 
auspices of the American WNa- 
place for the performance is not 


author is Dimitros 
and the performance 
will be given in Greek by the 
company of Basil Logothetidis. 
The tour will begin in New York 
at Carnegie Hall on May 24 and 
the route will include Philadel- 
phia, Washington, D.C., Pitts- 
burgh, Cleveland, Chicago, and 
Detroit before reaching Boston. 
The Greek visitors are the 
first brought to this country 
under the auspices of ANTA 
which has sponsored some 70 
American tours abroad. 

(aS SA 

‘First Gentleman’ 

In addition to Walter Slezak, 
the cast for “The First Gentle- 
man,” which comes to the 
Piymouth on April 8, will in- 
clude Maria Fein as Caroline of 
Brunswick, wife of the Regent 
who became George IV of Eng- 
land: Inga Swenson as Princess 
Charlotte, daughter of tHe Re- 
gent; Clarence Derwent as the 
Bishop of Salisbury: and Guy 
Spaull as Sir Richard Croft, the 
court physician. 

Some six settings will be 
designed by Ralph Alswang for 
scenes at Carlton House, the 
Pavillion at Brighton, Connaught 
House, and Claremont House. 
Regency costumes will “be” de- 
signed by Motley. The company 
to be presented by Alexander H. 
Cohen and Ralph Alswang will 
number 40. It will come here 
after stops in New Haven and 

The play 
here as 

will be presented 
the ninth in the sub- 
series of the Theater 
Guild and American Theater 
Society. The series this year witli 
include ten plays. 

Lou Rodgers Recital 

_Lou_ Rodgers, mezzo-soprano 
and composer, will present a 
song recital in the New England 
Conservatory’s Brown Hall on 
Thursday evening at 8:30 o’clock. 
Hey program will include Pou- 
lenc’s “Le Bestiare,” works by 
Zilcher, Ravel, Menotti, Scar- 
own compositions. The public is 
invited to attend without charge. 

Entertainment Timetable 


BU Theater—Boston University 

ae c ne nd. 

Lee Chrisman ‘conduct- 


Septne Balt Brigadoon.”’ 
by England Conservatory 

the New 

Sanders . Theater. .Cambridge—Boston 
. Symphony... 
ing. 8:30. 
Old Seuth Meeting House—Jean Lunn 
soprano. 12°15 

Shubert—"‘Good as Gold Roddy 

Dowall, Paul Ford..Zero Moste) 
Fri., Sat. mats. 


Films in Boston 

Astor—'‘*The Ten Commandments,” 
Chariton .Heston...Yul S@rynner, 

-30, 8 
= The Great Man.” 
o> ip) a & 10. 4.05. 

: :60. 
Boston—‘‘Seven Wenders of the World,” 
Cinerama. 2:30 
Comber ‘Dead Reckonin ng.’ 
gy 9:30, 1. 4:30. 8 
tar.” Kirk Dougias. 


Exeter—‘‘Albert Schweitzer.” 
6:45. 7:45 9:45 

Fenway— ‘Mister 
Martha Hyer 


‘Man Without 
11:25, 2:50. 

1:45. 3:45. 

Cory." Tony Curtis 

il 30. 2:50. 6:05, 9:20 

ane od Tower.” John Ericson, 1:15. 

Keith |. ‘Anastasia, Ingrid 
Bergman. Yul Brynner. Helen Hayes 
9:30. 11:35, 1:40, 3:45. 5:50. 9.55. 

Kenmore—‘‘Lust for Life.” irk Doug 
las, Anthony Quinn, 1:08. 3:18. 5: a8. 
7:38, 9°48 
Mayfiewer—‘‘Written on § the ‘ vue. 

: Lauren Bacall, 9:1 
30. 9:35. “Every es Bu: 
* 16:50. 1:55. &. 8:0 
Metropolitan— Cinderella,” 9 ‘a 
2 45 
Van Johnson. 9:56 
‘Barretts of Wimpole 
Jenn fer Jones, John Gielgud, 
55 6:30. 10 

Paramount—*Mister Cory.’ Tony Curtis 

Martaa Hyer, 3 12:35. 3:35. 6:40. 

John Et Re. 


Pilcrim—' cwickoa” As hey Come.” 
lene Dahi. 3:30. 12°30. 3:30. 6°30 
“Utah Blaine.’ Rorv Calhoun. 

Saxon—‘*The Rainmaker “ 
ter. Katharine Hepburn. 
3... 5:10. 7:20. 9.30. 
tate—"Barretts of Wimpole 
Jennifer innes, John Giel ud, 
3:05, 6:30. 10. “Slander, 
son. 1:40, 5:05. 9:30 

Strand—*Al! That Heaven Allows,” 
oe Pighter.’ 

apan; “Fortress of Freedom" 

in the Hilis’: “The Glory 

Us"; “Hula Happy’: “The 

rs érteena: news, 10.30 a.m 

Trans-Lux— ‘Three Brave Men.’ 
eer: Ray Milland, 9:52 
3:46. 6:42. 9:39. “Black Whip.” 
Mariowe. 11°20. 2:17. 5:14. 8:10 
Uptown—"“A Star Is Born.” 
land, 11:10. 3:25..7.46. “ ‘? 
Eddie F bbie Revnolds 
6, 10:05. 

Films in Suburbs 

ALLSTON—Capitol: “Bundle 
“Strange Intrude: 

B ‘ uk, 
“Sands of Iwo Jima. 

the Rock.” 

li. 2 

Burt Lancas- 
10:40, 12:50 

fan John- 




of Joy 

“Hollywood or 


“Dont Knock 
“Rumbie on the Docks.” 

Anne . 

Richard _Burgin. .conduct-. .... 


BROOKI INE—C wa oo ong “Baby 
Ds!) “Dan ce Little 

“Westward He the Wagons!’ 

¢ AMBRIDGE ~~ Brattle: 
Maxim Gorky 5:30 
Central Sq.: ‘Three 
“Black Whip.” 
Eliot: “Written on the Wind 
down at Abliene 
Trtversity:“Woemar ¢ Déevetion ” 
4:45. 8:05. “Hollywood or Bust 
6°20. 9:40 
CHARLESTOW N—Thompson Sq: 
tleground ‘Let's Go Navy.” 
DEDHAM — Community; 
the. August! Moon.”* 
Frontier Scout.” 
Town.’ ‘Sharkfighters 
Codman S8q.: “Virginian 1:15 
ae Years Before the Mast 
} ranklin: 


“Chi Pg sone of 
AB gy Men.” 



Teah jwuse ol 
“Four Girls in 

“Pixed Bay- 

‘Four. ..Girls. -in-- Town: 
: oung. Guns.’ 1:15 

“Bundle of Joy 2:46. 9:16 

EVERETT—Par: “Desperadoes 
Town ‘Hollywood or Bust 

Joy.” “Istanbul.” 
German: ‘Friendly Persuasion.”’ 
St. Geerge: Mystery of Black Jungle.’ 
**Three-Ring Circus 

house of the August Moon. 

HYDE PARK—Fairmount Teahouse of 
the August Moon “He Laughed 

LEXINGTON — Lexington: sare Me 
24 tag ecoac th to Fur 
" Auditorium: 
7:30 Rififl.”’ 2 
Granada Strange Intru ider. ' 
44 Baby Doll.”’ 2:28 50. 9:12 
Strand— Three fo. Jat nie Dawn 

Are in 

Bunde of 


9:57. “Disneyland 2:45 7 
ward Ho the Wagons’ 3:27 
Brave Men 
MAYNARD—Fine Arts: 
pet r + er Di 

x.’ Rumble on 
SE Melrose 
‘Love Me Tende: 
MILTON ~ Art Theater: 

NEKDWAM—Parameust: “Don't Knock 
the Rock.” “Rumble on the Docks 
ES ne “Three Brave 
Men.” “Young Guns.” 
Qu INC ¥—Strand: ‘Westward Ho the 
Wagons.’ “Gun Brothers , 
ROSLINDALE—Riailto: ‘Teahouse of the 
$3 Moon.” “Rawhide Years. 
RO} URY—Egieston: 
August Moon.’ 


‘Westward y 
sneviand 2 



Knock the 
Hollivwood or 

“Aida.” 7 


‘He Laughed Last.” 
RVIL _—— Sq.: 

Capitol: Eonyweed or Bust.” “ 
Central: “Zarak.’ “Over-Exposed.” 
Teele Sq.: “Four Girls in Town. 
“Everything But the Trith.” 

bad sep! eet ay “Don’t Knock 
the Rock.” 6:30, 9:27. “Rumble on 
the Docks,”’ 8:05 

WALTHAM—Central: “Sands of 
Jima,” ‘Fighting Coast Guard.” 
Embassy: “Riff.” “Three Brave Men.” 

bal ang 8, OWN -— Coolidge; ‘Carousei.” 


WELLESL Ty HILLS—Playhouse: ea- 
house of the eAugust Moon.’ 2:15 45. 

WEST NEWTON—N ; “The Rack.’ 
‘Girl Can't Help It.” 

“Don't Knock 

the Rock.” “Rumble on the Docks 
WINC ae EPR wrenehenters | 
1 Rio.” “Fil 



reas ene 

“Don't. Knock 
the Rock.’ 

“Rumble on the Docks. ’ 

TV andFilms" 

Keep Ginger 

Rogers Busy 

By Melvin Maddocks 
Ginger Rogers is busy these 

days, what with television ap-j| 

pearances and one thing or an- 

“T haven't had time to draw 
a deep breath in 10 months,” she 
complained happily, bouncing 

'into a chair, and she has yet to 

» Oh, Women!” 

see her latest film, “Oh, Men! 

‘flew in and out of town yester- 
|day-to publicize. 



Ginger philosophized. 
i start 

The hectic existence, it is 
‘Clear, agrees with the lady, 
‘whose vitality must have made | 
‘Ginger a comparatively easy | 

-eheice as a nickname years ago. 
, Few 

successful people are too 
| busy to talk about their suc- 
| cesses, and as Miss Rogers 
‘recollected hers, 
dent that her 
energies have been expressed 
not only in 

which she literally. 

bas pe ak 

it became evi-! 
extraordinary | 


her performances | 

but also in the shrewd and reso- | 

lute ways she has managed her 
| career. 

er Re 

“They didn't want 
dramatic. parts,” 
ing back 17 
the sparkle of combat in her 
eye, one felt sorry for “them,” 
even at this late date. 

“You just. keep your dancing 
shoes on,” was “their” exact 
advice as she recalls it. 

Here was one place 
less determined 
have submitted 
Rogers, the record 
not, and the almost immediate 
results were “Kitty Foyle” and 
an Academy Award. A _ year 
later, in 1941, she severed her- 
self from RKO, becoming a free 
lance long before the tradition 
had been established—and here 
again “they” warned her. 

“You’ve got to watch 

me to do 
she mused, 




shows, did 

“You can 

believing things about 

yourself if you listen to people.” 

and some of her’: 

“Teahouse of the | 

“Hollywood or 

AEE, oc 

This stream of reminiscence 
inevitably took conversation 
back to Fred Astaire. Someone 
had heard a rumor that another 
Astaire-Rogers musical was be- 
ing planned. 

She gave 
“That's a 



a pleased 
rumor Ive 


gO- | 
years—and noting 


Jac Gfly 

ek i a 

Guest Conductor i in Bos jan Visits *" 

Igor Markevitch will be guest conductor of the Boston Sym- 
phony Orchestra on Friday afternoon and Saturday evening. 

around the world,” 

-a kind of wonderful rumbie,” 

| sion, 

Would she be willing to make 
another picture with Fred? 

“I'd love to,” she answered 
without a second thought. 

And in this way taik -came 
down to the present. Miss Rog 
spoke of the satisfaction tele- 
vision work gives her. “It’s 
harder than movies, though,” 
she decided. “When you make a 
movie, you take time off between 
scenes, When make a film 
for television, you don't even get 
to sit down until it’s all over. 

“And when it’s ‘live’ televi- 
you have all the pressure 
of the opening night of a play. 

“Why, after doing “Tonight at 
8:30’ for 90 minutes on Pro- 
ducers’ Showcase a’ couple of 
seasons ago, I was actually ex- 
hausted,” she declared. 

With an actress’ instinct, she 
fell. back. in. her. chair and.tried 
energeticalivy to dramatize this 
exhaustion. But it was a monu- 
mental case miscasting 
Ginger Rogers, it is safe to say, 
could scarcely depict fatigue if 
her second Academy Award de- 
pended on it. 




she sald. “It’s ; 


‘Misarithrope’ Tickets 

Remaining tickets for the 
Thursday (Feb. 28) matinee per- 
formance of Moliere’s “Lé Mis- 
anthrope” at Sanders Theater 
in Cambridge. go on. sale tomor- 
row (Wednesday) at the French 
Center, 10 Arlington Street, 
Boston. The Wednesday and 
Thursday evening engagements 
of the Madeleine Renaud-Jean- 
Louis Barrault company are 
sold out. | 


Symphonic Band Tonight “ 

‘The Boston University Syvm- 
phonic Band, under the direction 
of Lee Chrisman, will give a 
concert tonight at 8:30 in the 
Boston University 
Frank Scimonelli, solo cornetist 
with the United States Navy 
Band in Washington, 
Barsotti’s “Tally Ho” on the 
post-horn:; also Leonard Smith’s 
“Spanish Caprice” on the cornet 
Open to the -public without 

“Gale Force,” 







| swers. 

7; out 

By Harold Rogers 

Igor Markevitch is a man with 
a legato mind. That is to say, his 
manner of thought, speech, and 
action runs counter to the stac- 
cato tempo of our times. 

Through his questing intellect, 
probing logically for the basic 
causé of Many musical problems, 
he has found some arresting an- 
In recent years, for ex- 
ample, he noticed that few of 
the orchestras he has conducted 
have been able to play a true 

musical phrase. His reasons for 
this deficiency make sense. 
“One ‘cannot play legato with- 
thinking “Tegats;” 
plained yesterday afternoon. (He 
fiew into Boston from San Fran- 
cisco ‘yesterday morning in time 
to conduct the Boston Symphony 
in rehearsal.) “Uniess a mu- 
sician can think consecutively, 
without permitting his mind to 
wander, he will not be able to 
play a true legato. But few mu- 
sicians howadays can do this, 


oe ee ee TONIGHT -AT 8:30 




Wash. G Essex Sts.eHU 2-3670 
= of & & & we © FE Ff 

2--SHOWS TODAY--2 ff 

AND FRIDAY 2:30 AND 8:40 P. M. 

the LOWELL THOMAS production 


as seen — 

Box Office ——. ws trom 
10 A.M. to 9 P.M 
Sundays 1 to 9 
PRICES ANDO Spestreper saa 

(Tax Included) Orch. & Lege 
EVERY a et sn eest “i 
Mets. Men. thru Fri. 2:30 P.M. $1,75-$1.20 

Mats. Sat., oa.. Hel. 2:30 P.M. $2.40-$1. 1S 
Extra Show Sat.. Sue. 5:30 P.M. $2.65-$1.75 

"Door O° 

Loews STATE’ 
CG@RPHEUM crate 19.15 





Walt Disney's “CINDERELL ~ ° 
Technicolor. PI 
y | c or 

Reserved Sea 

s New on Sa 


176 Tremont Street Li 2-5030 


2Oth Century-Fox presente 


{7001 | “Smashing Expon"—K1. Times 



1; ah 5:30 
Feb. 20 
ond Fri., Feb. 22 at 2:30 


Tax inc. 

Tickets also: Jordan's & Filene’s 




Noon-time Concert 
12:15 p.m. — 12:45 
Wednesday, Februery 20, 1957 

JEAN LUNN, Soprano 

Ist Concert, 8th Season 
« Friends. of Chamber Music, Inc. 


Baldwin. .Piono Decca-Records 
$3.5u, $3, $2: 50, $2, $1.50 

|because they are distracted by 
ithe confusion of our times.” 

He was especially happy, he 
isaid, with the string section of 
ithe Boston Symphony, which he 
considers one of the finest. He 
places the Boston Symphony 
| strings on a par with those of the 
| Berlin Philharmonic, and he de- 
'rives deep satisfaction from the 
‘legato these orchestras achieve. 


|. These two.ensembles, -he..ex- 
plained, have a 75-year history, a 
long-standing tradition that en- 
ables them to remain aloof from 
many of the disturbances most 
siclans of the Boston and the 
Berlin groups have a sense of se- 
curity and of continuity that per- 
mits them to play without undue 
preoccupation. And this is why 
they can still play legato. 
Another example of Mr. 
Markevitch’s legato thinking is 
to ke. found in some of the 

| day 

‘Florence, he began 

légato—a smooth and sustained” 

| pebbles 

ne ex" 

-hall—some widely 


events leading up to his 
rangement of Bach's Musical 
Offering, the six-part fugue of 
which he will introduce at the 
Boston Symphony concerts Fri- 
afternoon and Saturday 

During the war while he was 
conductor of the orchestra in, 
to wonder 
why 16 violins playing together 
did not make 16 times as much 
sound as one violin. Then he 
reasoned that one pebble, if 
dropped in a pond, would pro- 
duce an unbroken set of con- 
centric rings, but that if two 
were dropped side by 
side, the two sets of rings 
would interfere with each other, 
or even cancel each other. 

4 4 4 

One day at a rehéarsal he de- 
cided to experiment by scatter- 
ing his violins throughout the 
spaced on 
stage, the others in the audi- 
tortum. The effect, he said, was 
surprising. There was a great 
gain in volume. 

A few years ago, then, when 
he began work on his orches- 
tration of the Musical Offering, 
he decided to make use of these 
findings: He wanted to keep the 
number of musicians small, 
somewhat in the manner of the 
Brandenburg Concertos, because 

he wanted his arrangement to | 

be in the true spirit of Bach. 
Yet he also wanted the rich 
sonorities of a modern orchestra. 
He decided to make his ar- 
rangement for three small or- 
chestras, the total number of 
players not exceeding 42. These 
three orchestras are spread out 
over the stage so that each in- 
strument will be able to function 
at its maximum of efficiency. He 
feels that the listeners this week- 
end will be surprised to find so 
much sound coming from only 
42 players. 
Last summer Mr. Markevitch 
conducted at Hollywood Bowl, 
at Ravinia in Chicago, and at 
Robin: Hood Dell in Philadel-' 

ar- | 

thousands on a 

impressed dy 


Igor ‘Markevitch Probes Musical Problems 

phia. He is impressed by the 
American summer music festi- 
vals — by their availability to 
low-cost basis. 
He hopes that someday the same 
opportunities will be made to 
the public in Europe. At the 
present time, however, European 

music festivals function for the 

privileged few who can afford to 
pay high prices. 

Mr. Markevitch feels that to- 
day no conductor can be fully 
prepared for his profession with- 
out having conducted in the 
United States. Much can be 
learned from American or- 
chestras, he said. He has been 
the--ability of 
Americans to prepare concerts 
fewer rehearsals, often 
with but one. 

Although as yet he has 
accepted a permanent post, he 
said he would consider any 
opening that offered an oppor- 
tunity to build something worth- 
while. One has the feeling that 
with Mr. Markevitch’s. legato 
thinking, whatever he builds 
will be firmly grounded and 
architecturally sound. 


Monet Show Extended 

“A Tribute to Monet,” now 
on exhibition at the Boston Mu- 
seum of Fine Arts, has been ex- 
tended another week, through 
Feb. 24. This unprecedented 
move is due to an attendance 
record of 59.502 since this dis- 
play of Monet's painting opened 
five. weeks ago 

Edith Stearns Recital 

The next meeting of the Bos- 
ton University “Great Music” 
series will take place on Wed- 
nesday evening at 7:15 in Room 
12, College of Liberal Arts, 725 
Commonwealth Avenue. . Edith 
Stearns of the faculty of the 
School of Fine and Applied Arts 
will present a recital of Brahms’ 

— — 


piano music. 



(STAGE) ~ 

will play | 



Und hit 

| BOSTON _(Kenmore Sq.) | 

Si. ¥. file Crithe 

@ Ven Googh fe &-6-8's 



Srvews te KENMORE «t ¢-0™ 



BRATTLE tarvaro so. 
4th Anniversary Program 
5:30 7:30 9:30 

TR 6 4226 


BL 8-2335 


Adam S., E. M 
AIDA’ — 

Leren— Raye 
7:95, 9:15-—Ca 

n or 
Meas Uns "eal inehe weet Only? p.m * Bay Merengs: Bonds 


iiten Sq. sot. BE and 138 

5.25; 2nd Balc. Boxes 3.85; ‘Loges 3.85. SAT. 











EVES.: N. THRU THURS.): Orch. $5.50; 1st Bale. 4.95; 4.40; 3.85; 2nd Bale. 2.50; 1.90; 

Boxes ee, Ist Bale. Boxes 4.95; — Bale. Boxes y ~ oe = _ aes wy rig t hte oy . 
Ist Bale. 5.25; 4.95; 4.40; 2 Bole. 3.85; 3.3 re xes s c. Boxes 

act oy Re MATS.: Orch. $4.20; 1st Bale. 3.85; 3.30; 2.75; 2nd 


MATINEES WED. and SAT. 2:30 

Balc. 2.50; 1.90; Orch. Boxes 4.20; Ist Bale. Boxes 3.85; Qnd Bale. Boxes 2. 50; Loges 2.50. 
WED. MATS.: Orch. $3.85; Ist Bale. 3.30; 2.75; 2nd Bale. 2.50; 1.65; Orch. Boxes 3.85; Ist 
Balc. Boxes 3.30; 2nd Balc. Boxes 2.50; Loges 2.50. All prices include tox. Kindly enclose 
stamped self-addressed envelope with check or money order. Please specify alternate date. 
Make check or money order payable to Colonial Theatre. 

COLONIAL 2 «+ *%oNext Mon. 


A new play 

Prices. Men. - Thre Theres. $1.65 - be. $4.48; 
Fri. & Sat. Mites $1.65 to $4.95. Mats, 
Wed. & Sat. $1.10 to $3.86. (Tax inci.) 

Opening Night Curtain & P. M. 


TOM W & THUR. (NOON To 5 P.M. 

w $1.45 seats fer Thurs. Eve. 



French Theetre Co. 
FEB. 27-28 

Eve's af 8:15 (Thur. Mat at 3) 

— ae tee = 


SHUBERT — EVES. 8:30  $ih"'255 

“Very funny . magnificently 
comice!l.” — Hughes, HERALD 

“Bright end rowdy notobly 
high score belly witticisms 
—Durgin GLOBE | 

"Should be « 

~Maloney, re AV ELER 



A Wew Comedy by JOHN PATRICK 
Based on the book by Alfred Teambs 



_ Baie. 

HA 6-4520 
PLYMOUTH" .:tit" a 




Men. thru Thers. Eves.: 
$4.10: Rale. $3.45, 14.95. 

Sat. Eve Orch. $5.75 ; 
$4.10. 3.45. 2.95. 2.30; Mats. Wed... Sat.: 
$416. Miers $3.45: Bale. $2.95, 2.38, 
ALVIN THEATRE. 256 W. Stead ™.. N 

A zany WAI fest! —~Coleman, Mfrrogv 


Eves. Orch. $6.75, Baic. $4.60, 

Baic. $2.30. 1.78. Mats. Wed. and on ‘ond ison, 
$3.45... 2.90,.2.30;. 20d Saic..$1.75,. Tas incl, 
45th St. £.. at Dwg, &. Y. 

ene SEA BPP 

Starring R T.WEEDE 
Mail Orders: Eves.: $7. 
3.00, - Mats. Wed. my s5 rm a 
3.00, 2.50, 2.00, Tas . List 3 alternative dates, 
IMPERIAL THEA., W. 45. Mats. Wed.. Sat, 


Rollicking Comedy Smash! 

RADIO fiit aust ALL 



trata | : 

oA eee 

is MO i i m ew eR 
Piaget. = 
a ‘ ~# 

a 5 

By Lee z. Johnson 
Spectal to The Christian Science Monitor ne 
— "Gaimbridge, Mass, funcommitted “nationis as “those } 
“The Nemesis of calculated | countries below the land mass of foruhes poliey. was “a. een. ery 
inadvertence is seen in the Mid-| the Soviet Union and China, ‘alliances.” Following the North 
dle East today.” stretching from Turkey to Atlantic Treaty enh 
In these words Lady Barbara | Japan. ‘She ‘gave th ; en Le Pg ean p= or 
Ward Jackson at her second causes why these coun ries a | lished among the n 
Harvard lecture criticized West- | “in one of the great moments of | f-~-gpory! se SRATO om 
; transition.” e sa a ese later 
the poy ssa : peatestiy | First, she dated the end of | have not had the expected effect 
ane to » A gna Asian nations | colonialism as 1947. For 200 to | for several reasons. 
generally. /300 years the colonial powers | Dislike of Alliances 

» Achaia aa 

Zi is | ‘forced — regimentation as in 

nations... | benty |China. One major problem, she| Nobody ever associates the, as it shows the imprints ot ~ Se 

core by the relation to the pact. against. communism.” ~The re- seid, is Whether “Frarice “and | cool, crisp air and the whisper- pers ie rn a slated Pee ee 

of the United States and its | building of Japan in 1945 was! Britain’ can realistically con- ing green pines of the Rockies | | ity, onze of the specimens seen 

store of hydrogen bombs. | America’s first Pyeng Morn av! tinue economic “underpirinings” | with a tropical or subtropical ; jn ‘the museum on the property 

Boba agony ge unoeaagal > pnmant strument of diplomacy. in view of their domestic eco- climate. And yet, according to | _are ancestral elm which now are 

cessfully against the Soviets but | _ Without this aid, she believed | agg 8 aig rene | geological records, several mil-|found living only in Chinas. 

Written for The Christian Science Monitor 

Lady Jackson stressed the 

“We can’t continue to muddle | 
our way through everything,” ... 
she said. “The need for specific 
policy is absolutely inescapable.” 

“Suez.” she said, “is one of 
the most complicated situations 
men have had to face.” Into the 
problems of Suez and 
quate foreign policy Lady Jack- 
son wove what she saw as 
three general elements of West- 
ern foreign policy: 

munist nations; (2) a system of 
alliances; and (3) economic aid. 

Lady Jackson is former for- 
eign editor of the English jour- 
nal, the Economist. 
band. Comdr. 
Allen Jackson was Assistant 
Secretary-General for Coordina- 
tion in the United Nations and 
now is a British Specia] Com- 
missioner to Ghana (Gold 

Last night Lady 
lated her general 
“America’s Impact on the 
Changing World,” to the prob- 
lems of the so-called uncommit- 
ted nations. In her final lecture 
on Feb, 25 at Harvard’s New 
Lecture Hall, corner of Kirk- 
land and Oxford Streets, Cam- 
bridge, she will discuss the 
United Nations and the use of 
force in world politics. 

Lady Jackson said that the 
Suez problem was confused be- 
cause focused on it were nearly 
all possible complications of to- 
day’s international politics. 
These complications compound- 
ing each other included oil, 
Arab nationalism, Soviet inter- 
ference, and the conflict between 
Israel and Egypt. 


inade-- support had tried to solve. 

(1) guaran-/; : 
tee of the borders of non-Com- | ism has posed many many -ques-- 

of their colonies, 


Her hus-' 
Robert ~Gillmanr’ 

Jackson re- 
‘among the newly. 

| had.supported the internal order ' 

police, administration, | 
and financial stability.” The 
changeover was relatively quiet 

—“‘deceptively” so, because the 
support was gone but not th 
needs and problems which the 

problems did not end with the 
granting of independence,” she | 
said. “The passing of imperial- 

tions yet to solve.’ 

Second, a “spirit of dynamic 
terms. it, 

motivated the newly 

Lady Jackson | 

including “se- | 


e ear 


"Al i<= 
| perialism,” 

For one thing, the former 

d “nsy~ , them 
colonial nations possessed “psy te" 

terials to military defense rathet | 
‘than more important needs,” 
‘said, may in fact seriously weak- | 
en the economy of the new na- 

chological resistance to choosing 
sides” with regard to European 
This is similar to an 
lier American dislike of “en- | 
angling alliances.” It is diffi- 
it to * ‘cancel 200 years of im- , 
she said, during 

Which the colonial peoples al- | 
ways found themselves on the’ 
losing end, 


independent. peoples. Asians be-. | 
lieve that “tomorrow not only | 

could be better but must be bet- 
ter.” a relatively static society 


changed to a dynamic one in this | 

great “psy chological revolution.” 
Communist Impetus 

The third cause of change 

independent | 

people was communism, which | 

advocates anticolonialism and 

rides the crest of the dynamic 

awakening. Unlike 
where a 

nism” has developed, 


“much of 

“pluarity of commu- | 
! 6:45 

the propaganda and much of the | 

organization of communism is di- 
rected from Moscow and Pe- 
king,” she says. 
communism in China tempts the 
Asian. .nations...She..pointed.out 
that by 1980 there will be a bil- 
lion Chinese. Thus, she says, “we 
are on notice that there will be 
a sharp shifting of power in the 

Lady Jackson described three | 
elements of Western foreign pol- 

‘icy in relation to the new nations: 

Regarding the formulation of | 

foreign policy, she said that 
“the 1945 mentality lingers on.’ 

Policymakers continue to believe 
that “problems are 
lated if they are left alone.” For 
example, economic aid, she said, 
has been “haphazard.” Western 

policymakers, while not adopt- 

ing economic aid as a formal in- 
strument of policy, use aid 
as if it were such an instrument. 
She said that within the “storm” 
of recent vears “the remarkable 
thing is that any of the frail 
boxes of policy have survived.” 

Lady Jackson described the 

self-regu- | 
‘were to withdraw its guarantee 

First, there is the policy of 
“containment,” that is the prin- 
ciple of Western guarantees 

against Communist aggression. | 11:15 Jerry 

“This policy is a stabilizing one,” | 
said, If. the United States 

much Communist “adventurism” 
would result. 

\when the Communists will cross 

borders as they did in Korea.” 
Containment was effected in 
American foreign policy by the 
Truman doctrine and in the Brit- 
ish policy by Commonwealth 
ties, she said. 

A second element of Western 

overnor Supports 

Particilarly | 

Also, the system of. alliances 
ead to embitterment in local 

“a revolution of ex- | differences, as for example be- 

tween Iran and Egypt, or Paki- 
stan and India today. 


“may give less rather than more | 
security” arid is “of very du- | 
_-bious advantage.” Lady Jackson | 
' said that the United States 
‘should not go beyond general. 
guarantees against aggression | 
and that Britain should not re- 
join the Baghdad pact. 

rather can only hope to use 
in relation to their neigh- 
Finally, “diversion of ma- 


Thus the system of alliances. 

that Japan, one ‘of the most 
strategic areas 

have collapsed economically: 

in Asia, would | 

‘advised that 
and the Communists might have- hn : 

‘importance of economic aid to 
American foreign policy, She 
it not be “provi- 
sional.” To obtain its Use @s an 

‘all time.” And she pointed out 
| 1949 brought aid to unindus- | 

| pinned” 

| made “the decisive difference” 

gained control. The Marshall | 
Plan she described as “the most 
successful diplomatic poiicy of 

effective diplomatic tool, she 
said nations must be able to 
count on it more than a year 
in advance. 
She pointed out that continu- 
ity in military defense, which 
\like economic aid is a diplo- 
_matic tool, is not. illegitimate. 
Why should economic aid be 
wrong? “Let’s have an agree- 
ment that economic aid is a 
‘usable toole and that it will 
last,” she said. 

i that the Point Four program in 

| trialized nations as well. 

Britain’s first big step in_eco- 
nomic aid was when it “under- 
with sterling - credits 
India’s economy. This, she said; 

. peaceful evolution 



Radio Tonight 

WORC 1510ke 

Editor of The Christian Science Monitor 
Sunday 10:00 p.m. E.S.T. 

WNAB 1450%c 


Dialer’s Guide: Tonight 

7:00—Searchlight on Delinquency: Education for 
Crime; how a correctional institution can turn 
a first offender into a professional criminal— 
Ch, 2. 

7:30—The Norton Lectures: new series: Ideas and 
Images; Artists in College—WGBH-FM. 

8:30—Boston Conservatory of Music: Donald Man- 
dell, pianist—WERS-FM. 


WNAC-680k c- MBS-NBO 



9:00—N.E. Town Meeting; guest panel of lawyers— 

5:00 Beantown Matinee Bob and Ray Show .. 
5:15 Beantown Matinee Bob and Ray Show .. 
Beantown Bob and Ray Show .. 
Matinee; Sports. News; Cedric Foster 

5:30 News: 


Norm Prescott Show. 
News; Norm 

Norm. Prescott Show. Vaientine: 

6:00 CBs- WEEIL News.. 
15 Sports: Weather 
(39 Lawrence Welk. 
45 Lowell Thomas... ° 

YN News: News 


Songs: Sports: W'ther 
Eddie Fisher. 
Three Star Extra . 

News: Norm Prescott 
Norm Prescott Show... 
News: Norm Presco 
Norm Prescott show 

News: Norm Prescott News: Joe Smith Show 
Joe Smith Show 
Prescott Sherm Feller 

News: Sports 
Sports: Weather .. 
News and Sports 
Musical Showcase . 

Have the Zoning Laws Been Abused?—Ch. 9. 
9:00—Celtics-New York at New York—WHDH. 
9:00—Jane Wyman Show: Farmer’s Wife, starring 

Jane Wyman, John Dehner—Ch, 4, 10 
9:15—Saville Davis, American news editor, 

Christian Science Monitor—WBZ. 
§:30—Barbara Ward Lecture: First of four lectures— 


live fe Dem. 



10:30 Jerry 





“One doesn’t know | 

Curb on Pensioners 

State House Roundup-- 

Governor Furcolo today threw 
his official support 
move to curb outside earnings of 
public employees retired on dis- 
ability pensions. 

At his semiweekly press con-_ 
ference, the chief executive said 
he favored legislation to reduce 
the pension of a disability pen- 
sioner whén the total of his pen- 
sion and outside earnings ex- 

'hanged for witchcraft after the 

behind a trials, 

led the floor debate for 
the bill’s adoption, 

Senate Refuses 




New Rent Controls 

The Senate rejected legisla-| 

tion to permit Massachusetts 
to restore rent 

The vote was 2t to 19 

|against the legislation. | 
The upper branch then ad-| 

ceeds the current salary of the | 

position from which he retired. 

Senate :‘Committee 
Favors Pound Bill 

Opponents of legislation re- 
quiring pounds to make avail- 
able for live experimentation 
animals unclaimed after 10 days | 
received another setback today. 

The Senate Committee on 
Ways and Means reported the 
measure favorably. Already the 
bill has been passed by 


‘vanced a bill, 

passed by 

the | 

House, permitting municipalities | 

to-set up. grievance .boards. to: 

handle complaints..against ex-} 

orbitant rent hikes. The board 
would have power only to seek 
amicable settlement between 
the tenant and landlord. 

Attorney Heads 

GOP Finance Unit 

the | 

House on a voice vote despite | 

the opposition of the Massachu- 
setts Society for the Prevention 

_of Cruelty to Animals, the Ani- 


mal Rescue League of» Boston, | 
and the New England Anti-Vivi- | 
section Society. 

Senate debate on the legisla- | 
tion is due tomorrow, with its 
passage considered likely. 

whith Ta 4 >... a ae <4 

Lower Branch Initials — 

Witch Trial Reversal 

The lower branch gave initial 
approval to legislation to reverse 
the witchcraft convictions _of 
Ann Pudeator and five other 
persons, executed after being 
found —guilty_in—-the—infamous 
1692 Salem witchcraft trials. 

Representative William _ P. 
Nourse (R) of Medfield, de- 

John S. Ames, 
Easton attorney, 
chairman of the 

was named 

State Finance Committee, at a 

| Committee last night. 


‘tion to postpone for 

meeting of the Republican State 
He suc- 
ceeds Lloyd Waring of Melrose. 
He plans to devote his full time | 
'to his new duties. 

House Won't Delay 

mie ourt Reorganization. 

The “House” rejected Jegisla- 
one year 


making. 33..part-time courts full, 

time, with full-time presiding | 
judges barred from private. law 

reorganization law was 

_based on recommendations by | 
the Judicial Survey Commis- | 

scendant of two of the persons. 


WBZ Speaker to Air 
U.S. Stake in Mideast 



The third, in a series of eight 
programs on “Decisions, 1957,” 
will be broadcast on WBZ Wed- 
nesday at 9:30 p.m. Dr. Franz 
Gross, a professor at Bradford 
Junior College, will discuss 
“What United States Stakes in 
the Middle Pee 2 



“What oe We Do to Pro- 

mote Brotherhood?” will be the | 

subject of a special panel show 
Channel 9. Wednesday 
9:30 p.m. Participating in this 

discussion on how the individual 

can promote brotherhood be-. 

tween various races and reli- | 

gions will be Judge Emile Leme- 
lin, Mrs. Howard L. Elliot, Ber- 
nard Cahn, and William T. Weit- 
zel. Tom Power, Channel 9's 
news editor, will moderate the 

Sean O’Faolain, Irish short) 
story writer and essayist, will be 
interviewed on .WGBH- F'M’s 
series, “Guest Book,”’ Wednesday 

at 7:30 p.m. Mr. O’Faolain will 
discuss his’ latest book, “The 
Vanishing Hero,” describing the 
disappearance of the hero as a 
literary type. Besides discussing 
other works, soon to be pub- 



through the United States, 

Louisa Horton: and Gene 


North | 


‘the reorganization of the dis=: 
| trict courts..voté -1956 | 

The reorganization | 


; goes into effect July 1. 


Amos ’ n’ Andy. Fulton Lewis 
Easy Listening 

Gabriel Heatter 

One Man's Famtiy _. 

» OB. as 

News: Norm Prescott Edward P. 
Norm Prescott Show 
Sports: Investments 

WBZ Tonight 

‘Robert o. Lewis . 

Robert @. Lewis 

Stock Rep't: Rob't 
. Lewis Bhow . 

Treasury Agent 
Easy Listening 
Easy Listening 

Footnotes : 

News: WBZ pee News: 

.., WBZ Tonight . 

00 News: The World . Dragnet: 
15 Tonight: News .. 
30 Do You Know... 

9:45 Do You Know News. 

Jack Webb 
Dragnet: Jack Webb 
Morgan Beatty. news 
}; _ Easy Listening 

News: “On Schools” News: 
Saville Davis 
Growing Paine—teen- 

age panel talks 

0:00 News: J Howard 
0:15 Jerry Howard ..., 
Howard ..., 
Howard .. 

oF Listen 

0:45 Jerry Feeodines Wea 

News: 5 oo, Listening 
ews; Basv Listening 

Three Star Final 

John Bassett Show .. 
John Bassett Show. 
John Bassett Show .. 


Bond Program ....«.« 
Joe Smith Show ..... 
Joe Smith Show 


Joe Smith . 

Joe Smith Show fe 
Joe Smith . 

Joe Smith h Show ee 
J. W. Vandercook M 

Country "Roundup... ee 

Morgan .. 

The, Unity of the Free World—WGBH-FM. 
§:30—Circle Theater: The Trial of Poznan: docu- 
mentary starring Peter’ Cookson—Ch, 4, 16. 
9:30—DuPont Theater: The Frightened Witness, 
starring Dan Duryea—Ch. 9. 
10:00—It's Polka Time: Rosegger Steirer Austrian- 
Hungarian folk dancers—Ch. 
2:00—Verdi’s Nl. Trovatore, with Renata Tebaldi 
Mario del Monaco; complete—WXHR-FM.. 



J. Howard. 

1:00 News: YN-WNAC News 
Easv Listening 
1:30 Jerry 

1:45 Jerry 

Brotherhood Week ._ 
Brotherhood Week . 

News and Sports ... 
Carl deSuze Show ... 
Music ‘til Dawn .... 
Music ‘til Dawn 

News Comments ' 
Sherm. Feller show.. 
Sherm Feller Show... 
Sherm Feller Show 

TV Tonight 

2—French Through TV 8:30 
7—Navy Log 
9—News Spcrts Weather 

2—Music As A Language 
4, 10—Noah's Ark 
1—Count of Monte Cristo 

W ednesday’s Programs 

I0—Annie Oakley 
12—Saity Brine’s Shack 
9—Conrad Nage! Theater 
2—Louis M. Lyons, news 
I—Wild Bill) Hickok 

S—Soidiers of Forttine 
12—Brothers comedy 
2—English for Hungarians. 
4, 10—Jane Wyman Urame 
7.12—To ie the Truth 




; 4 

1:00 This ‘Is Nora | Drake e YN and) WNAC tes 

Sn ee ee 


tamtiatdo WwwWwww Wow 


© | oo oo Go sEcsleccele 



ovwes weanwew 



___WBZ- -1630ke 

00 WEEI News: Tom Weather: 
15 Russell Show . News: 
30 WEEI News Weather: 
45 T. Russell; We ‘th’ r. _tening; 

ou CBS World News, 
1S WEEI News: Spts. Easy Listening 
30 Tom Russell Show City 
45 Tom Russell Show 

00 Tom Russell 
15 Tom Russell 
30 Tom Russell 
45 Tom Russell Show 

00 “Arthur Godfrey : 
15 Arthur Godfrey .. 
30 Arthur Godfrey .. News: 
45 Arthur Godfrey ‘ Easy y_ Listening 
1:00 Arthur Godfrey .. 

1:15 Arthur Godfrey Bandstand 

~~) +) «3 «J 


__ Easy Listening | 

Show Guy Lombardo 

Easy Listening 

1;A5 | Howard Miller ae 

00 Wendy Warren .. 
15 WEEI News .....- 
30 Helen Trent: sk.. 
“¢5 Our Gat “Sunday. 

News: Weather 
M. Considine: 
Pasy™’ “Listening ~ 

15 Ma Perkins 

30 Young Dr. Malone 
45 Road of Life 

Yankee Home - 

._ Cedric Foster 

Listening _. 
Easy Listening 

W' ther 
~¥enkee Network News News: 

Desk: Listeffing. 

Show | Yankee Network | News News: 

Show Y.N. News: The Louise Alan Dary Show 
Morgan Show: guests Alan Dary Show 

Easy Listening News: Alan Dary . 
Holiyw'd Music 


‘30 Priscilla Fortescue Queen for a Day gets . 
Queen for + Day a hic 

Easv aero | 

Show: D. Macdonald 

News: Carl deSuze... 
Carl deSuze Show ... 
News Comments .. 

Carl deSuze Show Boston 
Carl deSuze.. World 
Carl deSuze Show 
News: Carl deBuze 
__ Carl deSuze Show 
Carl deSure «. 
Carl deSuze Show 






Alan Dary Show ., 
Alan Dary Show .. 
Alan Dary _Show 

News: Alan’ Dary . 
Alan Dary Show .... 
Alan Dary Show ., 
Alan _Dary Show 

News: Rod MacLeish._ 
Alan Dary Show 
Alan Dary Show . 
Atan ‘Dary Show 

News; All About Music News: 
with Leo Egan Paul 




Leo _Egan 

"15 24 Mrs Burton... 
30 Strike It Rich 

Hilltop House 

00 House Party: Art News: 
15 Linkletter. m.c... 
‘30 Priscilla Fortescue News: 
45 Backstage Wife Easy Listening .. 

00 News: - Housewives News: 
15 Protective League Easy Listening 
30 Beantown Matinee News: 

45 Carl Moore, _m.c. 

‘00 ‘WEEI News: Bean- 
15 town Matinee 

30 WEEI News: Bean. 
(Ab: town, Man. te Geo. 

:00 WEEI News ot 
15 Sports: Weather.. 
30 Lawrence Welk 

45 Lowell Thomas 

‘00 Amos ‘mn’ Andy 
15 Amos 'n’ Andy 
-30.Carl Moore 

45 Chas. 

00 Robert Q. Lewis.. 
‘15 Robert @. Lewis. 
30 NY Stocks: Rob- 
45 ert Q. Lewis 

00 “News: 
9:15 Tonight: News . 
9:30 Update ‘ 

9 45 Update News: 
0:00 News: J. Howard News: 
0:15 Jerry Howard 
0:30 Jerry Howard 
0: 45 Jerry _Howard 

T° 00 News: 

YN. News: 

: News 


Pulton Lewis. Jr.. 
Easy Listening 
Gabriel Heatter 

Easy Listening 

Morgan Beatty. 

Easy Listening 

15 Jerry Howard 
30 Jerry Howard 
45 Jerry Howard 

l Easy Listening 
l + oh 
1:4 Recorded Music 

:00 News: “Happiness” — News and Weather _. 
Woman in My House 
45 Pat Buttram Show Pepper Young | Family 

5 Star Matinee 
Five Star Matinee 
Easy Listening Norm Presscot Show... 

Easy Listening _News: 
Easy Listening Norm Presscot Show _ 
c. Easy | Listening: _News 

Bob > and Ray Show re 
Bob and Ray Show... 
Bob and Ray Show 
News: Cedric . Poster. 

Epts: Weather Norm Presscot Show 
Eddie Fisher 
Three Star Extra 

Collingwood | One Man’ ‘s Family ee 
~ Gangbusters—drama 
Gangbusters: Notes 

__ Easy Listening; _News 
“The World i People Are Funny 
People Are Funny 
}; Easy Listening | Decisions—1957 
Easy Listening 

Fasy Listening John Bassett Show .. 
Listening; Weather 


Man to ¢ Go YN News: NewWs .., 

Recorded Music .., 

News: + All About Muse News: ~ Joe 
with Leo Egan Joe Smith 
All About Music with Joe Smith 

Leo Egan . Joe Smith 

News: Norm Prescott | News: 
Norm Presscot Show... Joe Smith 
Joe Smith 

Norm Presscot | Show Joe Smith 


Norm Presscot Show 
Joe Smith 
__ J0e ‘Smith 


Joe Smith 


Norm | Presscot Show 

News: Norm Prescott 
Norm Presscot Show 

News: Norm Prescott 
-Nerm.? Show 

News; Norm Prescott News: 
Norm Presscot Show 

Norm Prescott 
| Nn Presscot Show 
Sports: Investments.. 
WBZ ‘Tonight 

News: WBZ Tonight . 
WBZ Tonight... 

WBZ Tonight . 

WBZ Tonight 

News: World of ‘Books 
. Of Many Things 
news Decisions—1957 

. News: Joe 
Joe Smith 
Joe Smith 
Joe Smith 
Joe Smith 
Joe Smith 
Joe Smith 

Three Star Final = 
John Bassett Show .. 

Boxing . 

John _Bassett_ Show 2 _.. Boxing 

~~ Streeter Stuart: 
Carl deSuze Show 
Music ‘til Dawn 
Music ‘til Dawn 

J oe 

Norm . Prescott News: Joe 
Joe Smith §& 


News: Heartbeat 
Boston Heartbeat 
Boston Heartbeat 

Martin Agronsky 
Boston Heartbeat 

Breakfast Club 
Breakfast Club 

Marjorie Mills 
Marjorie Mills 
When a Girl Marries 
Whispering Streets 
Drama . 
Drama Series 
Jim Pansullo 
. Jim Pansullo Show 

Mildred Albert 
Jack Paar Show 

Jim Pansullio Show 
Jini ‘Parisullo Stow 

Jim Pansullo 
All About Music with Jim Pansulio Show 

' =e im Pansullo Show 


J oe 


Johnny Most.. 
J. Most: Weather .. 
Norm Prescott News and Sports 
Musical» Showcase 

Edward P Morgan... 
Bond Program 

Bishop F. J. Sheen 
Bishop F. J. Sheen 

V andercook: 

Spts. is. News ——- 
Sherm Feller 
Sherm Feller 
Sherm Felier 

10—Looney [lunes 
12—News; Sports: Weather 
4—Arch Macdonald, 
eee 9—Hum and Strum 
10—News; Weather. Sports 
12—Dougias Edwards, news 
2—On Delinquency 
4—Natura! Science Drama 
j—News and Weather 
9—News Sports Weather 
10—Jim Bowle 

2—Dr Hudson's a 
7—Greatest Dram 

9—John Daly news 
2—Spanish Through TV. 

4. a Winters 
7. 12—Name That Tune 

4. 10-——-NBC News 

2—Facts of Medicine 

4, 10—The Big Surprise 
7—The Brothers 

12—The Phil Silvers Show 

9—N.E. Town Meeting 
: 4. . hone Theater 
hews | 2 Reo Skeiton Show 
* wth The Frightened Witness 
2—News Roundup 

7. 12—$64.000 Question 
9— it's Poika lime 
4—Studio 57 

7—Dr. Hudson's yournal 
9. 12—Trust Your Wife 
10—Highway Patro! 

4. 7. 9. 10, 12—News 
Jj—Whats My Line 

9— Weather: Eports 

#, 10, 12— Weather 
4+—China Smith 
9—Stage 9 

12—San Francisco Beat 
10—Million Dollar Movie 
j—Film: Paper Orchid 
4—America After Dark 
12—News: Previews 

W ednesday 

| 5:15 

1o--inaliniona: Farm Report | 
4, 10—Today: N E. Today | 
12— Will Rogers Jr. Show | 
. 12—Capt. Kangaroo 
~—Giant Movie Party | 
films; gsts include | 
Judge Robert G. Wil- 
son, Jr. Brotherhood 
We®k talk 
?—Morning Star Time 
10—The Morning Movie— 
Her Paneled Door 
12—Romver Room 
12—Virginia Stuart. 
4. 10—Home Show 
7. 12 Garry Moore Show 
7. 12—Arthur Godfrey 
4—It Could Be You 
Fa oe, bare Schoolhouse 
4. 10-—-Truth-—Consequences | 
7 Te erika Tt Rich 
4—News: Weather 
7. 12—Valiant coae 
10—My Little Margie 



4~<Arricuitures ® e wee* 
ad gar art - 55 simuicast 

2—Let’s Have a Story 
2The Elements: 
9—Guest House 

news §:50 
6:00 2—Art and Artists 
7—Sky King 

¥—News, Sports, Weather 
10—Wild Bill Hickok 
i2—Saity Brine’s Shack 
¥—Janet Wean 

4~Louis M. Lyons, news 
7j—Badge 714—Jack Webb 
10—Film Feature 
12—News: Sports: 
Arch Macdenaid, news 
Hum end Strum 
News: Weather: Sports 
Dougias Edwards. news 
The Contest—D. Powell 
7—Yankee News: ‘Veathe: 
ER eng a Weather 

Show Weather 


ive pem. | 2—British Weekltes 
" = 7—Patti Page Show 
9—Jonn Daly. news 
2—French Through TV 
4. 10—Eddie Fisher Show 
7—I Led Three Lives 
are ee > Step 
10—NBC New 
2a. Science "Reporter 
4—Ozzie and Harriet 
1, 12--Arthur Godfrey 
10—Wally Cox, H Holliday 
2—American Aibum 
4, 10—Pather 
9—Navy Lo 
2—Psychology One 
4,10—TV Theater 
7, 12—The Millionaire 
9—HeaJline—M. Stevens 
2—The Elements 
7 12—I've Got a Secret 
9—Brotherhood Week 
2—News Roundup 
4.-10—This Its Your Life 
7. 12—20th Century Fox 
9— Boxing 
4—Highway Patro! 
0—I Spy—R. Massey 

7 ife 
7. 12—Search for aaa 
10—It Could Be Yo 
7. 12—The Guiding Light 
4— Hollywood Pia yhouse 
Film—-Stock Car 
7—Loutse Morgan 
10—Matinee Movie--Trojan 
Brothers | 
12—Susie—Ann Sothern 
7. 12—As the World Turns | 
7—Heart of the City | 
12—Stu Erwin Show 
5 10—Pastor's Scrapbook 
4. 10—Tennessee Ernie 
7, 12—Art Linkletter 
9—Roman Catholic Pem 
4. 10—Matinee Theater 
Coiorcast——Bobbie ) 
7. 12—The Bie Pavoff 
9—Afternoon Film Festival | 
Girl in the Painting | 
7. 12—Bob Crosby Show 



News-—-On the half hour 
anc at 7 &a.m.. 
noon, 6 p.m.. 11. 
Weather — 7:30 
12°35 vo-m., 6: 
11:05 p.m. 
Sports—7:40 a 
6:10, 6:35, 11: 10. 

WHDH, 850ke. 

6:15 Bing 

& a.m. 

9:00 Celtics-New 
11°15 Cleud Club 

, 6:55, 

6:45 Boston Ballroom 
8°00 Two-Eight Date 

7:05 Ray Dorey 
9:00 Roman Catholic 
9:35 Christine Evans 
9°45 Ken and Carolyn 
10:00 Carnival of Music 
York 12:05 Bing Crosby | 
. 13:35 N.E. Parm- Food. 

as 00 , to 2 cheewtive 
2:00 Two-Eight Date 

4:00 Boston: Ballroom 
6:15 Bing Crosby : 
6:45 Boston Ballroom 
8:00 Two-Eight Date 

8:30 Bruins-New Yerk 
10:35 to M—Cloud Ctub 

4. 10—Queen for a Dav 
7.-42—Briahter Day 
> 2: daw TLhe. Segret: Storm... - 
7—Mvy Littie Margie 
9—Cartoon Parade 
12—The PFdge of Night 
4—Boston Movietime 
Popeye Cartoon; Film: 
The Blue Lamp 
10—Modern Romance 
6:00—7. 12—Mickeyv acon Club 
10—Super Cartoon Show 

9—Famous Fights 
. 7,9 

: —Pasepo OL 
‘Weather: Sports 
10. 12— Weather 
Ss Federai Mer 
9—Bowling Time 
10-—Fiim—Laost. Continent 
12— Dangerous Assignment 
7—Petticoat Larceny 
4—America After Dark 
12—News; Previews 

12—Natural "Betanee Drame 

Knows Best 

| _| magnolia leaves, ancestral oak. 
lion years ago the Rocky Moun jleaves, oregon grape leaves, 
tains were a maze of tropical! myrtle Jeaves, cattails, and an- 
forests, inhabited with strange | cestral ironwood leaves. There 
‘ereatures such as dinosaurs and | j< the imprint ofa 24-inch tropi-~~ 
brontosaurs. . ‘cal fish and many, many insects 
How do we know al] this? Be- . recorded on the pumice. 
cause of the stories the rocks Pumice’ is actually a voleanie 
and petrified wood tell us. And ash which covered this area 
one of the most interesting | during the periods millions of 
stories has been preserved in | years ago when some of the 
the Pike Petrified Forest just surrounding mountains were ac- 
35. miles west of Colorado’) tive volcanoes. In fact, the vol= 
Springs, Colorado and 2% miles canoes are really responsible 
south of the village of Floris- | for our accurate record of what 
sant. took place here in antiquity. 
Here on a 40 acre tract there’ Let’s turn back the pages in 
are mofe than 90 petrified our geology book to find out 
stumps and fallen trees which what happened to these trees 
date back at léast’ 28 million and this area. During the Ceno- 
years. Fifteen of these stumps zaic period a great lake which 
*have been €xcavated, and work |how is knowh as Lake Floris- 
on others had been started. \sant filled the bincype Giant 
3 _cedars, sequoias, and other trees 
Huge Stumps Remain lived on its banks, During this 
A living pine tree, estimated | time a great upheaval took place 
to be about 45 years, grows out forcing the mountains upward, 
of a petrified stump some 15 | The neighboring volcanoes 
‘feet across. Another stump | erupted and volcanic ash driven 
measures 1714 feet in diameter, py the wind fell into the lake 
10% feet high, and is estimated | ‘and its feeder streams. Lava 
to weigh 140 tons. One fallen poured down taking with it soil 
trunk about 20 feet long looks | and rock. The trees were broken 
like charred wood which prob- off by the agglomerate which 
ably means it had been burned | filled the lake, leaving the giant 
before it was covered with lava, stumps and trunks. 
and petrified. Another stump! Then nature got busy and 
Sparkles the sun. played. anether. trick on - the 
from its crystal content. — |trees, Silica soaked through the 
The only petrified trio in the | agglomeration resulting in petri- 
| world--rises’ majestically, and | fied trees, Petrifaction does not 
each stump of this unusual trio mean the tree turns to stone. It 
measures at least six feet across.' means that as each particle of 
On examination you will find'the tree—the bark and fiber— 
‘that the trio has “a common jis dissolved in the mineral 
root with a base diameter of 2 7) water, a bit of quartz takes its 
feet—probably larger than your | place, thus preserving the exact 
living room. \form of the tree. Small pockets 
The tree sites show up as cir- | and fissures are often filled with 
cular outcroppings of petrified a different flow and thus the 
| wood, shattered in small pieves. _chalcedonys, opals, and calcite 
Then comes the big job of ex- | crystals also appear 
cavating—a tedious, careful task | 
_ because the trees are so brittle. 
|A huge trench is dug around 
ithe site, about two feet from | 
the tree. and the men work in | 
;toward the tree lifting out Tay-" 
ers of pumice, soil and silt. 
This pumice is interesting too 


7 . * SI > 
Picture Possibilities 

Appear Endless To 

Traveler in Hawaii 
Special to The Christian Science Monitor | 
Honolulu | 
Hawaii offers as many picture- | 
| taking possibilities as there are ™ 
grains of sand on its beaches. | 
A visitor with a camera 
i/needn’t be concerned about a/| 
‘closed season on “shooting. = 
From a variety of subjects in| 
| Honolulu ‘and~on’ the Istana’ of” 
| Oahu, United Air Lines suggests 
la nurmber of sites which provide | 
'a field day for the shutterbug. | 

Foremost is Waikiki Beach, 
where surfriders and swift cata- 
marans can be caught in the: 
camera lens. Another wonder- 
land for photographers is found 
in the Royal Hawaiian Hotel | 
grounds, with an array of color- 
ful tropical plants. Hawaiian + 
sunsets viewed from Waikiki. 
Beach or the yacht harbor rival | 
those anywhere else in the 

The Honolulu. Aquarium, with. 
rare and exotic fish, and Punch- 
bowl Cemetery rate righ with 

camera enthusiasts. The ceme- 
tery also affords a panoramic 
view of the City of Honolulu. 
| At sunset, Diamond. Head 
| Lighthouse. is well..worth a pic- 
ture. Honolulu Airport is a pop-.| 
ular camera spot, particularly its | 
colorful lei stands. | 
| Other suggested sites for cam- 
|era art are the Kewalo fishing | 
| fleet; the Nuuanu Pali, or preci- 
| pice; Kaneohe Bay; the $200,000 
| Mormon Temple at Laie, Kahana 
‘Bay, Tantalus Drive, pineapple 
fields, and sugar-cane - planta- 

Also recommended are plan- 
|tation villages, Pearl Harbor. 
| Honolulu Harbor, Hanauma Bay, 

TOM GILDERSLEVE .. Gewenar Mancoce 

Los Angeles, Calif. 

Rex ARMs 

4 Biecks from 
Therd Church 

Excellent Service 
945 Wilshire Bivd. 


_San Francisco, Calif, 
$45 Post St. 


! vcated wm the center of oll activities. 
Close in, but remove® trom traffic din. 
Beoutiful modern rooms. 

Rates: $5.00 single 

Splendid Goroge Facilities 
HARRY M: LYONS, Managing Owner 


H means hotel, and M means money. And 
make no mistake about it, the right # 
can save you, not only M, but time 
venience, and worry over both. 
it’s right in the center of thi 
beautifully furnished suites awa avd 
arrival. So, come as you are, be quickly 
refreshed, ready to step out to or 
theatre or where you will, and save 
. at the right H. 


DOWNTOWN « O'Farrell ot Leovenworth 

s. its 

pir pane: Makapuy Point.the island’s’ 

easternmost point. 


of course 

Great Buddha 

Special to The Christian Science Monitor | 

| € alifornia 
Largest wooden structure in 


lished, Mr. O’Faolain will talk | 

}about a recent tour he made | 

_Lyons will be costarred in “Give | 


Me Courage” 
on NBC-TV’s 
story is about a young woman 
who had been a successful in- 
vestment counselor but gave up 
her career when she married a 
rich playwright. Unable to make 
the adjustment she becomes an 

' Sas 


Hunt -wiil- -costarred- 

colorcast Wednesday at 9) 
on Channels 4 and 10. The | 

by Frances O'Neil, | 
“Kraft TV The- | 


and Marsha ' 
in -a-+ 

drama of the days when Wells- | 

Fargo was the target of desper- 

ados and the sheriff gambied his 

life every day, on CBS-TV’s 

“The 20th Century-Fox Hour” 

Wednesday at 10 p.m. on Chan- 
nels 7 and 12. The drama, en- 
titled “Man of the Law” will 

also star Johnny Washbrook and 
Rand paneey. 

York, and. Kathleen Crowley, | 
will be presented on “Disney-. 
land” -Wednesday’at 7:30 p.m. on 

telecast on Channels 7. and 10 

over the weekend of Feb. 23-24. 

|' “Along the Crs Trail,” © ie 
‘saga of pioneering in the old - 
‘west, starring Fess Parker, Jeft 

Channel 9. This program will be}: 7: ¢0—Musie Quiz. 

Concert and a 

WERS-FM, 88.9mc 

6:00—Six O'Clock Sales. 
6:10—Today In Sport 
6:15—Twilight Serenede. 
7:00—Speech Recital. 

71:15—Organ Recital; Fred MacArthur, 
7.:55—News. | 
8:00C—Meet the Masters—Elsie Sears. 
8:30—Boston Conservatory of Music, 
9: 00— eeeeeee: Blossom Time. 

10'00-— Odds: ‘np Ends, 

10:15—Merely Music. 

WGBH-FM, 89.7mc 

5:°30—A Basic Record Laarary. 
6:30—Louis M. Lyons, ne 
'6:50—Roundup of the British Weeklies 
7 Te Weather Bureau Report; 
hat’s me On In Boston 

7 15—Tell You A St 

0—The Norton Lectures. 
f 270—A Jazz Anthology. 
9:30—Barbara Ward _saetate. 
10:30—Louls M. Lyon 
10 en From Gaieda 

* WBUR-FM, 90.9me 

6:00—News and Weather. 

6:30—Musiec for Dining. 
71:00—According to the Record 

7°30—Boston- Public Library. 
8:00—Unit No. 3 Productions 
8:30—The.Art World, E. J. W. Cooper. 
8:45—Glimpses of people and. song. 
9:00—Voices of Europe (NAEB). 
9:30—City Symphony. 

10:00—News and Weather 

WXHR-FM, 96.9me 
6:00—Lumbye: Waltacs from Tivoll: 

m of New Records. 

éns: Introduction and 
Rendo for Violin and Sreneasee: 
Vaughan-Williams: Fantasia on a 
Theme of Tallis 

Yews and etinse: 
- Recital by Lilli Krauss 
WCRB-AM, 1330kce; FM, 102.5mc 

6: nO--Moms: a. * ag Mo- 


Haan rt. 
00—News: yenin at Symphony: 

ory. Donald Born. | 

1 10: 

A Mozart 

gart: Symphony No. 34 
Saint-Saéns: Phaeton. 
§:00—Dittersdorf{: Symphony 


‘Cello Concerto. 

y : 
French Suite No. 1 in D 
Grieg: Ballade, Op. 24. 

11: 00—Beethoven: Violin Sonata 
in A, “Kreutzer’’:; Brahms: 
tet No. 2 in A minor, 

12:00—News; Starlight Serenade. 


WERS-FM, 88.9mc 

3:00—News: Matinee Musicale 

3:30—Music of the Masters: Brahms: 
Variations on a theme of Haydn 
Brahms. Violin Concerto in. D 


4:30—Pop Concert: News 

5:00—The Emerson Show 

5:15—Recital Halil: Mozart: Quintet in 
E lat for Piano and Winds 
Becthoven: Quintet for Piano and 
Winds in E Fiat 

6:00—Six O'clock Extra 

6:10—Today,In Sports 

6:15—Twilight Serenade 

7:00—Voices in Verse: Conrad Jameson 

7:15—Ballet Theatre: Halffter: E)l Cujo 
Enamorado; Various: Suite De 

7 55—News 

8:00—Evening Concert: Khachaturian 
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra 
Schubert: Symphony Mo. 5 in B 
Fiat: Berwaid: Symphony in C 


No. 9 

in .C;} 

— Seal Berwald: Symphony in E 

10:15—Merely Music 
3—Sign. Of. 

WGBH- FM, 89, ame 
4:30—The Greek Drama in Enelish 

. 2 
Library: Vocal Music. 

: mm: 
Prez: Orff. Catulll SOTERA, 
M. new 

ather Bureau yer: 

mn Read rs 
hristian Gauss. edited by Kathe. 

Conservatory of 

c Symphony; Mo- 

Brahms Denn es gehet 
Menschen and Ich wandte mich 


— oe 

11.00—News and Weather.-A Bacn Pro- 
gram by Ralph Kirkpatrick. Over- 
ture in the French Manner; Four 
Duets: Italian Concerto 

-42:00~—Warlock:..Serenade for. Delius, 

from Four Serious Sones: Bach, 
Brandenbure Concerto No. 3 in 
G: Haydn, Concerto in E fiat for 
Trumpet and Orchestra. Inter- 
Voisin. Chairman of the Brass 
faculty. the New England Con- 
servatory. ‘Recorded Jan. 7 in 
Jorden Hall.) 
00—Dateline Furope. 
15—-Listening Post London 
30—Louis M. Lyons 
-45—Music From Australia. 
Waltzes by Lanner 
Strauss familly. 

WBUR-FM, 90.9mc 

00—Music by the Masters. 

55—News and ‘Weather 

00—Music. News, Features. Weather. | 

30—Take a Trip. Animal Tales; Story. 

30—Twilight Moods 

00—News and Weather. 


30—Music for Dining 

00—Chatter, Interviews. 
" Music 

00—Variety show from Salem High 


30—What's the Answer? Quiz 
panelists from Sali@n 

30—Ellison Wonderland light music, 

WXHR-FM, 96.9me 

30—Handel: Sonata for Violln 

6:30—News: Commuters’ 
Spirituals, Percy Faith. 
7:30—News: Commuters 
minor; Elgar 
_ stance Marches 1 & 4; Saeverud 
Rondo Amoroso 
8:00—News: Commuter?’ 
Mendelssohn Caim Sea 
Prosperous. Voyage: 
Beethoven: “Battie’’ 
Grieg: Norsk: Wilder 
Flute: Tchaikovsky: 
Lonely Heart; 
A Connecticut Yankee. 
9:30—Classcial Capers—Catalani: 
Handel-Ormandy: Concerto 
Orchestra: Lumbye 
Polka; Strauss: 
Suppe Pique 
Verdi: I Vespri 
i ture 
, 10:30—Morning Melodies. 
11:00—News; Morning 
thoven: Grosse Fugue Op. 
Galuppi: Concerio No. 6 
minor for Strings: 
sichord Concerto No 3 in D. 
12:00—News and Midday Features 
1:00—News: Afternoon at 
—Liszt Todentanz; 
The Stone Flower: Suite: 
baud: Procession Nocturne 
2:00—Gounod: Littl Symphon 
minor for baby + by 
Quartet .in-G. , 
3:00—Haydn: Symphony Ne. 99 in 
fat: Rachmaninov: 
hony. “The Bells 


Fugue in 

and the 



AIAAAawre wer 

Sports, and 

show | 


and = 


. Op 5 
and Weather 
Piano Concerta in C major 
Goldberg Veriations ‘selected) 
8:00—News and Weather: Torelli: Con- , 
certo for Trumpet and Strings: 
Vivaldi: Concerto for Trumpet 
and Strings: Vivaldi: Concerto for | 
Viola d’'Amoro and Strings 
_ $:00—News Headlines, Strauss: Emperor | 
~ Weitz: ‘Tehatkovsky > Souvenir: de / 
| 10: 00—News Headlines. A Recital by | 
Leonard Pennario. pianist-—Piano | 
Music of Spain: Mussorgsky: Pic 

— bo an Exhibition—Original | 

WCRB-AM, 1330ke; FM, 102.5me 

Concert — 
Concert — 

Pomp and Circum- 

Concert — 

None But the 

Curtain Time — Rodgers: 

Dance of the Water Nymphs: 
Frauenherz Polka: 

Concert—Bee- | 


Bach Harp- 
Symphony | 

in B 


Choral Sym- 

rante: Bn Concerto | 
n B fat: br tay “4 Concert Suite |’ 

(Harv ard | i 

Secular Music of Des. 12: 00—News and Weather. 

Tine Gauss. Jackson and Hiram | 


Network Hours 
| 2 00—! and Weather. 


e Symphony: 

by ar Levant. 
Potraroa: Hungarian Rh 
No, 12, 10. 4 and 13 Valse 

No 1 
7:00—“‘Record Review of the Air” 
fea yg by Station Manage 


5 8 
t major, Op 

el PAE es 

fh ary "Russell—Guide to Concert | 
Request and | 
: rova Te- | 
i Guinea Simionata, Mario | ; 
: ona : 
Fidel Overture; Brit- | 

ar- | 
Suite: Auber: Crown : 

6: 00—A Program of Liszt Piano Music | 
Ose Sonetto del 


ee in BF flat 
Schubert: Trio in| 

tl Violin, Op. 

5:00—News. banc ay Concert—Liszt: 
pungeriae sod No. 9; 


6: 00-—~Hews--Candielight 
Carnegie Pops P am No, 32 

7:00-—-Recital Hall, Marcel Mule. 

7:30—Music and High Fidelity 

8:00—News—Evening at hagas gee & 
Vivaldi: Oboe Concerto 
Schumann: Conzertstuck. 
Piano Rave 


| 10:00—News—To France — Musie 
10:30—Connoisseur’s Concert 
12:00-—News—Starlight Serenade” 

She TNS 

the world is ‘the Hall ofthe | 
Great Buddha in Nara, Japan. 
Northwest Orient Airlines ad- 
vises travelers taking its Ajir- 
ventures to it 
measures 160 feet high, 187 feet 
long, and 166 feet wide. The 
Great Buddha is the largest 
bronze statue in the world. It. 
was cast in the middle of the 
eighth century. It’s 53 feet high 
—71 with its pedestal. The ears 
are eight feet long and it has 
966 curled locks of hair. 


@ Knows nc Winter 
@ -Has accommodations to fit every 

taste ond budge: 

ls MINUTES away from Hotie- | 
wood, Disneyland; Marineland, 
Son Diego, Old Mexito and the 

Most picturesque resort in Cali- 

For Information and Reservations 

465 North Coast Bivd. 
Laguna Beach HYatt 4-6969 


on its own private beach 
The ultimate in 

comfort and Lospitality 
(opened June, 1956) 

George and Emily Stark 
Managing Owners 
| 1441 So. Coast Bivd. HYott 4-6533 | 


St. Louis 

Twe Blocks from First Church 

f nl 

. Kansas City, Mo. 

it’s the ee 


400 Rooms, 100%. Air-Conditioned 

Year Around * Free Radio and Run- 

ning tce Water in Every Room 
FRANK J. DEAN, President 

* e* ° ee you come "td ° 
ancas City 

ro rane 



For a delightful winter holiday. Brood 
sun decks overhang the seo. T. V. 
Club room. Tropical heated pool, 
Club rights. Suites, Apts. Gorden 

Luxu reasonable rates. 


PUR aT tine ft ered ere toy. Phe Sao eae coat | & 

ge Station Turned Tale Mseams 0s . 

On Bit of Yesteryear 

By Ma: 

Special to The Christian Science Monitor 

Jensen Beach, Fla. 
Those who like the unusual 
mingled with the customary 


me : “ 
a . 

x Hunn 

Florida sun, sand, and fishing 
| vacation will do well to route} 
_ themselves to Hutchinson Island 
;near here where the last of the 
United States Life Saving Serv- 
lice Houses of Refuge is bein 

developed into 

~ Cultural Travel Tours 

with Sitingutthed Cultural, Educational, 
rofessional and Social Leaders 
Suburbon—Cultural @ Churchmon’s 
Summer in Europe @ Round the 
World @ Viking Festivals @ Musi- 
cal Festivals @ Gardens and Flowers 
International Affairs @ Archoeo- 
logical Argosy @ plus mony other 
cultural interest tours. 
. Write for Free Brochures 

(Affiliated with Simmons Tours, Tac.) 
Dept. M, 441 Madison Ave., New York 22, N. Y,| 

Cruise around the continent in the 
armchair luxury of a Motorways motor 
pullman or first class motor coach for 
an unhurried, relaxing holiday. Relaxing 
because Motorways look after luggage 
ahd language, customs and currency, 
..@ecort. you from London right back to 
London; you stop at the best hotels, 
travel only by day and see and do what- 
“ever you want to do; A holiday with the 
Motorways organisation is a holiday. 

Tours are arranged to every country 
Western Europe (and Tangier). 


gus. te i199 gns. 14 to 30 Days 

_ 3423 te $597 

| -66-gns.te 239 gne. 14 to 24 Days 
$198 te $357 


Write for brochure to the pioneers 
Rl luxury motor pullman tours. | 
‘ttd. (Dept. A/Z) 
| 85, "Kaightsbriage London, 5. wal 
| Oane 0422 or Agents 
er 527 Madison Avenue 
New York 22, N. ¥. 

“Twisit Néfway, Swedén, Denmark. Holl 

an wunusua 
+ museum. 

The Gilbert's Bar station on 
‘the rocky southern end of 
Hutchinson Island has been pur- 
chased by Martin County and is 
being. operated as a museum by 
‘the Martin County Historical 
| Association. 
| Despite the fact the museum 
lis réelativély remote from heavily 
'traveled U.S. Route No. 1, tour- 
ists as well as local residents 
|have been finding their way to 
the spot in increasing numbers. 
| It’s been open for less than a 
ir . Max-Huna 

Currently to reach the mu- 
.seum a visitor. crosses Indian 


gree yer yr 
“RS =. " 2 
Pa TR eae 


+ RRS Sa 

k: Newtonmore, 

Florida Refuge for Shipwrecked Sailors s Still Stands 

| River from Jensen Beach via the 
inew bridge and causeway to 
Hutchinson Island, then drives 
414 miles south on the island | historical items, many closely | 
over an undev eloped but quite | connected with the area: others | 
| passable road. You can’t miss the | of marine interest; and some 
ula for there are no other | linked with national! affairs. The 
buildings in the area. /'museum is being systematically 
When the new bridges and | developed by Charles Val Clear, 
SR are completed 
| Hutchinson Island from Stuart— | has been retained by 
| these will span both the St. Lucie | torical association to supervise 
| and Indian Rivers—the House of | | the operation. 
| Refuge will be even more ac Odd Items Displayed 

| cessible. 
The museum, today, housed in| Among the historical items 
already on display are copies of 


é New York State of Jan. 4, 1800. 

W hich reports the passing of 
Our Continental Holiday arrang t |George Washington; and the New 
ur Continenta angements 

which are not mass produced but indi.| \OTK Herald of April 16, 1865, 

vidually arranged, are particularly popu-|describing Lincoln’s assassina- 
ilar with overseas’ visitors “and business| tion, 

Grand Bu'ldings 

Trofaiger Squere, London, W.C. 2 

Telephone: WHitehell 4114/5 | 

The Mount Vernon Association 
of Virginia has donated an 1839 
| United States map which sketch- 
ily shows Florida, and fails to 
indicate Lake Okeechobee — 
Florida’s 720-odd-square-mile 
body of water, second largest 
|fresh water lake in the United | 

One of the most ancient items 


On the M.S Stockholm te Sweden, ee 

Germany, Switzerland, Italy. France coi 

cate heteis arrangements, First.) ‘is a 1793 copy of the “ ‘Practical | 
by PERCIVAL TOURS. |Navigator” by John Hamilton 

Ly. New York July 27th, return by air or ship Moore, hydrographer, navigation 

Sept. Sth. All inclusive price..........81.295| teacher and chart seller to the 

j Send tor Folder sow Prone NO 4-264) , Duke of Clarence. There are also 

| RUTH J. LAWSON, Organizer and Director many items closely linked to the 

1649 Ko-dney Dr.. Les Angeles 27. Calif. 
| history of the area. 

Frank Parker, Tour Capéucter 


Chairman of Fine Arts and Drama, 
Principia College, Elsah, Illinois, 
is making this l6th trip abroad 
conducting his 8th successful tour. 

GRAND TOUR (Ff EUROPE | Treasure Chest Recovered 

The House of Refuge consists 
Sailing from New York June 12 

of three separate buildings. In 
via RMS Queen Elizabeth | the southern structure, built as a 
Returning to New York August 6 

‘mess hall in 1910, two reproduc- 
via RMS Queen Mary 

i tions of 19th century rooms have 

: been reconstructed, equipped 

Sunday and Wednesday Services ||| with furniture of the genet oo 

Attended Wherever Possible [From the -sea- two items of-un- 

Itinerary: England, Belgium. Holland, certain but ancient vintage have 

nada da Austria, Italy, Switzerland, ||| been recovered. One is a badly 

Suantious Meter the Con. battered treasure qhest, believed 

tinent. Wonderful by-paths. Shopping ||| to be from a Portuguese galleon, 

in Londen. Venic Florence 
Paris. Rome Me : 

All-inclusive price $2350 

Side teurs te Scandinavia. Spain and 
Scotiand may be arranged. 

Write for Folder and Information to 
Scarsdale Travel Service, inc. 

10 Pephem Roed, Scersdale, N. Y. 

encrusted pot, of either Spanish 
‘or Portuguiesé origin, probably 
‘dating from the 1750's. 

The historical society is taking 
no chances of losing any his- 
torical finds nearby, and has a 
treasure lease from the State of 
Florida which gives it exclusive 
‘rights to hunt for treasure for 
i\two miles along the beach on 

\each side ofthe museum, and 
‘for one mile seaward. 

Sailings From New 

Canllinania | oa ea 
On N 


March 1, nena 29 
(thrift season 


April 9 

April 25 
Request Folder C 

See your trevel egent, or 

ian America 

AGLMLY, ine. 

The Gilbert’s Bar House of 
|Refuge was one of a chain of 
'refuge stations set up in Flor- 
jida in the 1870's to augment the 
|regular surfboat crew stations of 
what was then the United States 
Life Saving Service. which later 
was taken over by the United 
States Coast Guard. There were 
nine such special refuges in 
|operation, so spaced along the 
i\cOast that any sailor making 
shore could walk the beach to 
| Safety and cover. 
| During the 65 years Gilbert's 
Bar station was active it saw 
its share of rescues, It’s first ma- 
|jor rescue was in April, 1886, 
|when seven of eight crewmen 
' were saved from the brigantine 
J. H. Lane, which went aground 
'5%2 miles southeast of the sta- 

The month of October. 

York to 




splendid NEW 


from New York, January 7, 1958 

This lovely, spacious ship offers a new world of luxurious comfort ~ 
a delightful experience in fine dining and good living, with traditional 

Dutch seamanshi 

sun and sports 

* All rooms with — 
private facilities 

* CinemaSco 

y,, * Continental 


69 Newbury Street, Boston 1'6, M 


* 24,294 gross tons 
* Entirely air-conditioned 
* Stabilizing fins 
+ Spacious promenade, 

p and service that pampers you every day along the way. 

- Telephone in every room 
* Steam rooms, barbershop 
and beauty parlor 
- Indoor and outdoor pools, sium 3a 
equipped gymnasium 
- Sumptuous 
y restaurants and 
* Ship is your hotel 
: throughout s 
the cruise ait 
iit 32,000 
——) Se 
~ oe ax miles 

= GENS, 110 days | 

$3200 up 




tn cooperation with 

a igh, vlans = EXPRESS 

378 Boylston St., Boston 

uge, is a pot-pourri of interesting | | when 

|George Valentine 

to; veteran museum director, who! 
the his- | 

were wrecke”. The 767-ton bark 
from Italy 


the reconditioned House of Ref- | was the busiest for the station, | of 50 cents for adults, and 25. 
in two days two ships} cents for children. The bulk of 

the funds to support the museum 

stranded 500 yards east of the ‘are supplied by the 300 mem- 
station, five men surviving from/| bers of the association, whose 
ja crew of 12. The next day the | & ustees include such names as 
1.246-ton ship Cosme Colzado| Willard M. Kiplinger of Kiplin- 
of Spain wrecked three miles/set's News Letter, Washington, 

north with M of a 15-man crew |D.C.; Zack Mosley, 

being saved. 

Today, many of the older 

| houses in nearby Stuart contain 
| wood salvaged from the Valen- | family. 

tthe Ulster County Gazette -of | 


‘and Leeward 

and. the other. a heavily coral-. 

_the Florida..Motel..Directory 

| values in foreign money of U. S.. 
_ dollar 

‘the countries 

tine’s mahogany cargo, and the | 

museum has a mahogany box) @among the items of yesteryear, | 


creator of 
the Smiling Jack cartoon strip; 
and Ralph Roosevelt of 

If you like to browse around 

made from the ship’s cargo, The | 'and aren't averse to doing some 

last sailing ship to be wrecked | 

+near the station was the barken- 

tine St. Paul, 440-tons, 
hit the reefs in November, 

Air-Sea Trips 


swimming or beach sunning en 
route..then---you'll--enjoy~~ the 

which | House of Refuge museum. En 
1916. | | 
There’ admission. .charge;.portunilies 

route to or from, you'll have op- 
to. utilize the un- 
crowded Martin County. public 

| beaches on the island, and the 

Set for World 

Travel Jottings 



A unique combination of in-| 
dependent cruises by air and sea, ~~ 

the world is 
British Over- 
Corporation in 
cooperation with Wakefield, 
Fortune Inc.. New York. The 
BOAC Ajir-Sea cruises leave 
from New York or the Pacific 
Coast every week throughout 
the year. 

Tours range from 15 days to 
90 days and particularly attrac- 
tive for the shorter vacations are 

to every part of 
_being offered by 
seas Airways 

the many Air-Sea cruises to the | 

Caribbean Islands or to Central 

American countries or the fas-| 

cinating string of tiny Windward 
Islands. An un- 
usual and_e interesting 
American tour includes a cruise 

South | 

from Barbados via Trinidad and | 

Belem to Manos situated 1,000 
miles up the Amazon in the 
heart of the Brazilian jungle. 
Some 150 separate Air - Sea 
cruises to Europe will be oper- 
ated this summer by BOAC and 

the airline is publishing shortly | 

a list of these. A note to Wake- 
field’ Fortune Inc., 15 East 58th 
Street, New York 22, N.Y., will 
bring the BOAC folder contain- | 
ing the airline’s special summer 
program of Air - Sea:cruises. 
The winter-spring edition of 


being distributed by the Flor- | 

ida Development Commission 
through its six Welcome stations 
which are located near the state 
line on the main arterial 
highways coming 

into Florida. | 
semiannually by the | 

Florida Motor Court Association, | 

‘the directory lists motels 
every section of Florida. Copies 
may be obtained by writing to 
the Florida Development Com- 
mission, Room 120. Caldwell 
Building, Tallahassee, Florida. 
4 4 4 

New Foreign Money Calcula- 
tors for Europe, the Far East. 
and the Caribbean. Centra! 
America, and Mexico have just 
been put out by Harold Reuter 
& Co.. 550 Fifth Avenue, New 

slide form, 
gives the 

size, easy 

and at a 
sums from 10 
Each calculator 

cents to 
the area and 


the unit and_composition of cur- 


nency for each country, The cal- 

in | 

Pryor Te is in Convenient pocket” 

culators are available at 25 cents | 





“a ee aus ee T 
oe lem |e _]- 
RB Ty ass: 

$88 MORE of Europe the care- 
free motor coach way! Visit 
the big cities and the out-of- 
the-way villages on a pleas- 
ant, pre-planned tour by 

tess, radio, pantry, lavatory. 
Overnight stops at select 

SAVE MORE on an all-inclusive 
tour! Linsesuss’ low rates 
offer you more for your travel 
tours from 
6 to 35 days! See your Travel 
Agent or write 
M, 630 5th Ave., N.Y. 26 


surf fishing is excellent. 

aged Carrbridge (two Inverness=shire | 

‘similar holidays 

the | 
“T.R.” branch of the Roosevelt | 

Ski N Novices 

‘Find Fun On | 

Special to The Christian Science Monitor 

Scotland has specific plans for 

good skiing holidays for be- | 

ginners this winter. 

Hotels and sports councils 
are cooperating at two main’ 
centers, at Newtonmore and) 

villages both within easy reach 
of the slopes of the Cairngorms) 

Arms Hotel, 
three one- -week | 
courses are arranged for March 
9 16, and 23. Similar courses 
were held over Christmas and 
during the early part of January. 

Skiing equipment is hired and 
and a team of instructors is; 
available for coaching. Charges | 
for the spring courses are 
£10 17s, 6d. ($30) a week, 

At Carrbridge, 
skier, Kar] 

* _and at Grantown-on-Spey. 

At the Balavil 

Fuchs, operates 

a ski-hire and tuition scheme | 
during the winter months for | 
the Carr-' 

three hotels there, 
bridge, Struan 

At Grantown-on-Spey 


Ben Mbhor, 
the Palace—are running | 
in February, | 
March, and April. 

The Nethybridge Hotel is 
running four one-week courses 
beginning on March 9, 16, 

from April 6 to 18. 

Bermuda Has 5 Links © 

Speciai to The Christian Science Monitor 

Bermuda probably has more 
golf courses per square acre of 
land than any other country in 
the world. The tiny. mid-Atlantic 
colony, which covers only a 22 
square mile area, has three 18- 
hole and two 9-hole links. 




Visit your nation’s 
only. true. sub-tropics. 
this winter where 
these and hundreds 
more spectacles are 
unique in America 

Gulfstream Warmth 

Right now, in February, the 
Gulf Stream-tempered climate 
of southeast Florida is more 
like summer than summer 
itself. Warm sunshine, balmy 
breezes, myriad flowers and 
palms spangle the landscape. 
Rejuvenate in the dancing 
surf. Fish for deep-sea _game- 
“stars: Golf tn “emerald-green 
links—in shirtsleeve comfort. 
See the sights in famous resorts 
from Palm Beach to Miami. 

An island Cruise 

You need only a tankful of 
gas to cruise the spectacular 
Florida Keys in your own car. 
A ribbon of highway spans 
tropic islands. Vaulted bridges 
give spell-binding views of the 
Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. 
Fishing is supreme. At jour- 
ney’s end you're in Key West 
—quaint with old weathered 
homes, waterfront interests 
and seafaring lore. 

Where America Began 

The roots of American history 
lie in northeast Florida. Drive 
along the St. John’s River east 
from Jacksonville to where 
Jean Ribaut founded a colony 
in 1562. Visit Jacksonville 
Beach, then Fort Clinch State 
~ Park via the ferry at Mayport. 
Southward, St. Augustine’s 
ancient structures recall names 

Explore @i! Florida... 

FREE: oe *- 


Enouniesion Sulidiee, Talichessee, 

Gentlemen: Please rush your 36-page booklet of color 
pictures and vacation tips to: 

like Ponce de Leon, De Soto 
and Menendez. Farther on is 
-world famous’ Daytona beach - 
where you drive-on the sand 
and stroll the boardwalk. 

Sunlit Lakes 

Thousands of lakes in Central 
Florida teem with big fighting 
bass. Swimming and boating 
are top water sports. Rolling 
golf courses challenge. Explore 
famous botanical gardens all 
bright with azaleas, camellias, 
bougainvillaea. Peer into the 
depths of crystal-clear springs. 
Bok Singing Tower, a superb 
Passion Play, water-ski shows 
are a few more of the other 
attractions you'll see. 

Silver Beaches 
Gleaming white sand beaches 
are a feature on the Guif of 
Mexico. You'll tan in a hurry 
lazing on them. Visit idyllic 
islands across“ blue lagoons . 
from mainiand cities such as 
St. Petersburg, Clearwater, 
Bradenton. Go shelling on the 
old- pirate islands.of Captiva 
and Sanibel near Fort Myers._ 
Ringling Museum of Art is a 
“must” at Sarasota, so is the 
sponge fleet at Tarpon Springs. 

Haunting Everglades 

Take the Tamiami Trail east 
from Naples through a vast 
sub-tropical wilderness. Visit 
Everglades City, center for 
excellent fishing. See rare birds 
like the ibis, egret, roseate 
spoonbills in their rookeries 
in Everglades National Park, 
entered at Florida City. It’s a 
thrilling experience —a Florida 
holiday. Plan yours now. It 
need not cost any more per 
day than ordinary vacations. 

land of good living 

Room 7654-X 

booklet of 


r ’ 
an Austrian | 

23, | = 
and 30, and one 12-day course | 

P- ~ Along ‘Ocem Hiway 7 

| “Special to ©. Chistian Scidice Moriior © 
| Wilmington, Del. (spread of 33 feet. 
~ It ts flowertime all along the | 
Ocean Hiway route between New | 
York and Florida. 

Camellias grow luxuriantly 
from Wilmington, Del., on south | 
into Florida. Norfolk’s gardens 
are noted for them, as are the 
-Orton’ Plantation Gardens, and ' 
Airlie Gardens at Wilmington, 
N.C. Brookgreen Gardens be- 
‘tween Myrtle Beach and George- 
town, S.C., Belle Isle Gardens 
south of Georgetown, SC. 
Boone Hall Plantation Gardens 
and Pierates Cruze Gardens of 
| Mt. Pleasant, S.C., Cypress Gar- 
idens, Magnolia Gardens, and 
Middleton Gardens near historic 
Charleston, and the private gar- 
|dens and public parks of Savan- 
nah and Brunswick, Ga., and 
| Jacksonville, Fla. 

There are still to be seen in | 
Middleton Gardens three of the | 
four original camellia ‘bushes | 
planted in America more than 
150 years ago. | 

At Middleton Gardens one of 
‘the original camellias has a 
trunk measuring 5 feet, 3 inches 
iin circumference and has a limb 



At Magnolia 
Gardens there is a camellia of 
the beatiful John Harvard va- 
riety that is 29 feet, 6 inches 
tall, has a circumference of five 
feet and limb spread of 21 feet. 
At Magnolia Gardens are more 
than 550 different varieties. 

. Most.-of.- these. gardens -along 
the Ocean Hiway route are open 
to the public at nominal admis- 
sion charge from January to 
May. Some remain open the year 
around..In: March and April 
these gardens are ablaze with 
colorful azaleas and other spring 
flowers. Free illustrated de- 
scriptive folders about the -gareé 
dens, also a free 20-panel Ocean 
Hiway map folder, are available 
to those who write Ocean Hiway 
Association, Box 1552, Wilming- 
ton, Del. 

H otels—Resorts 


on Sea Front 

London by direct train | hour 70 minutes, 
Central heating. passenger lift Special 
emacs for winter residents. 

\m. GORDON PACKER, Resident Director 
| Brechures on Application. Tel, — 

i. Now Onloous é Sloene Squere, London, $.W. 1 

Chrestian Scsence Church Adiaecent 

A realty comfertabie hete! 
Managed by A. Wild and family (Late of Cave) 
100 Rooms with every: modern 
amenity and comfort 

Good food wel! cooked 

Unde: same management and residence 
Interchangeable with 

Sea Front. Full South, Near [heatres. 
Winter Garden and Shopping 
120 Rooms, Private Bathrooms 
Central Heating in All Bedrooms 

New York 

Finest : 

mid-town location 

e Superb cuisine 
e Heated swimming pool 
e 150 luxurious rooms 
e Free parking 
e 1955 winner Institutions — .__| 
Interiors award for 


James F. Gilday, Exec. Vice-Pres. 



3800 TULANE a 
ON HIGHWAYS $I, 6!, 65 

New York 

New York City 

ROSOFF hotel 

All rooms with beth 

Singles $3 up 
147 W. 43 St. N.Y. C. JU 2-3200 


Retes $2.75 end «up 
New Kitchenette Apts. 
Now Available 

Heading Te 
New York City? 

Avoid heavy city traffic by 
stopping at N.Y.C.’s only Motel! 

Fine approved eccommodations. 
tree beverage, radio, parking ond 
sightseeing plan. No tipping, ne 
arty expense. Perfect location. 
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1 EG ON TEL EL” ec A ALOR I, 80 mts 

aginge. oy — 
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. x 3 . : . 7 °3%, 2 : Ge: 73 48 be Bi ted, - es ‘ ar we tM: oP be At a ey oeuy . = > + : P Shiki abe is 25. paaiieg 5 ave 
Ee a SSS ee RR Ae —s ; : ¢ $e ERE EY Engin pf 94 He ah a IEE ie EL RN ee a i i et En we Ree EE Rea atts ps i teehee tee ce gael Seg tip en tg hee ene atin gd teat tee thts tic ote . ore ie es 
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es hig ag 105 et  eniieh teidibaaindal a - 


ace Pine 


tells me, for howling with joy 






ie ag 


19, 1957 

— + 

Re ae 

ero: wee gm 



oo ranr s-soeial Seeurity. = 

I HEARD THE Wind's roar in Tam McCul- 

™“Toch’s woods before I reached them, Na- 

ture was clearly striving to reappropriate 
the land and had imported a Canadian 
gaje for the purpose. In the flercer gusts 
I thought she had a fair chance of suc- 

As knuckles lifted to 
“Tam’s door, it opened to disclose one of 

my knock on 

my friends in the senior.class at the school. 
“Hello, Sam. I came near rapping on your 
forehead instead of the door.” 

“You'd have found me in, T. Morris,” 
he came back with. 

“T hope gravity looks after 
or’ yor? find vourselr a couple 

“That’s right. A bit more blow and 
we'll all be turned into unguided missiles.” 

“Push him off the 

you, Sam, 
of staté 

porch and come in,” 

_Tam ordered. fromthe .crack.of.the door. 

“Seeing you,”’ Sam called with a laugh 
and I joined Tam and his hearth-fire. 

“There’s a boy!”” Tam observed 
ingly. “A gust of the northwest 
An hour of him and you'll be 
for days. You can’t imagine 
talking about. Erewhon., 
on Butler’s savage satire in the ihibrary 
and flung his newborn critical faculties 
upon it. He was put out of the library, he 

what we 



over some 
of Butler’s gibes at hypocrisy.” 

“I remember few details of the book, 
except that the Erewhonians confused the 
churches and banks.” 

“Sam was impressed by.that.and-said, 
‘He’s bringing the great warning home to 
us, isn’t ” I was slow on the take. so 
Sam "The where treasure, 
there your heart warning.’ I tell you, that 
boy doesn’t miss much.” 

, } , 

iam pointed to i DADADOOKR Ying ve- 

he y 


side a government-franked envelope on 

the table and went on, “You hould have 
heard Sam laugh when I showed him that 
were not unlike the cil 
in one way. We've purloined the 

words of ethics, if not religion, 
worldivy use. The banks call themselves 
trust companies.” Tam tapped the en- 
velope. “And now the government sends 
me $30. calling it Social Security. Security, 
mind Tam chuckled. “It’s well I 
know the meaning 6f that word, or 
would I be?” 

“Isn't it 
finance ha 
words now.” 

Tam tried to appear shocked. “Why 
you've less concern for safeguarding the 
language than the boys! Sam was all for 
having the interests give us back 
noble words and stick to their per cents. 
Then he paid me the compliment of the 
year. I shouldn't tell but for your 
being in it, too.” 

“Now what grounds could he 

“IT tell you Sam doesn’t miss much. He 
said—we were talking about social se- 
curity by then, and he said he hoped that 
he-could have the kind we had.” Tam 
looked quizzically at me to see if I under- 

izéns of Erewhon 
J. | 
pre at 


> #79 




have for 

Sctiptures by. . 

No trouble 1s 

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Most of us have heard these words of 
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book Science 
and Health with 
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Mary Baker Ney. os 
Eddy, beginning 
with the brief 
first chapter on 
“Prayer, has 
shown thou- 
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It matters not how long or how urgent 
may be the human call for help. God can 
do what mankind cannot. 

You can learn bow to bring to pass for 
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Christ Jesus, the Way-shower, “Ye shall 
know the truth, and the truth shall make 
you free” (John 8). Science and Health 
shows the sincere seeker how to find and 
feel this promised freedom. 

Science and Health 
may be bought, bor- 
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DO. « shvcwwhbonsenctansiamase 

Re, ae oo Cadel 

Se A MIRREN ere gpI 


- 2 ts emet ran ht 1: » 
TRY US ET , ® LED ERR, WIT OT TI AR, WE CAREER ait eealiate 

said that the world wasn’t so different, in 
his opinion, from the school. At the school 
there were two kinds of boys. One kind 
bucked the rules and got into trouble. The 
other kind lived with the rules and had 
security. Then he said he hoped the na- 
tions would catch on to the idea b~fore we 
all got slapped down.’ 
“And the rules?” 

“T asked him that, and he seemed sur- 

prised that I. needed to. Evidently he'd 
got it all thought out. In all the history 
he’d read, the nations had been trying ‘to 
achieve security, each for itself alone, 
against society in general. They’d spent 
the centuries trving to evade the difficult 
command—to love one’s neighbor as one- 
self. And now they were finding out that 
the command couldn't be evaded, since 
was in the nature of things, as close-~ 
the heat in that flame, and so 
they were coming around to the sound 
approach,” , 

“Did he 

woven as 

really say that?” 

“Well, you know how he talks, part 
slang, part understatement! Hating the 
pretentious. It comes out of him like en- 
ergy out of a spigot and turning into 
words with the sparkle on them. [I’m 
making a free translation. But it was no 
news to him that when you shift the 
emphasis from selfishness to social, the 
security. follows. Security by society in- 
stead of against it. To be friendly, to be 
understanding, to enjoy the humor that 
balances the rest of our faculties, to pro- 
tect the simplicity that’s the very heart 
of common sense,.that’s to bring-the- peace 
and security we all crave. Only one be- 
gins with it rather than ends with_it. 
That's the difference.” 



straightened out his leg and 
the logs together as if he were 
nudging.statesmen.into..sharing- the. glow 
of unity. “There’s nothing new in this 
live up to it. There’s no end to 

securities at hand, if one examines 
the deceptions of the moment to lay them 
aside, cherishes joy and finds the lovable 
He said he guessed 
for granted. Then he 
‘There’s your original 


except LO 


in others, however well concealed. 
boy agreed with meé. 
he’d taken all that 
grinned said, 
trust company.’ ” 


how much of this was 
much-the boy; but -evi« 
had been impressed. “Do you 
wisdom’s. packed into child- 
has to be brought out?” 


and -how 

se alti 

I couldn’t 


od and only 


“IT got one 
Ponce de 

laugh out of him,” Tam said, 

remark. “I suggested that 
Leon must have been a banker, 
so given to flowery language. His 
Fountain of Youth was, of course, just a 
school. Sam liked the idea.” 

“What's more, a school in which 
scholars teach.” 

Tam nodded. “They’ve taught me not 
to hoard, and remember I’m a Scot.” He 
chuckled again. “They’re spendthrift of 
laughter and.curiosity..and-sympathy—so 
it needn't last too long. Above all they’re 
lavish with friendliness, and I call that 
social security. A few boys and girls beat 



e Wad 


. By Courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York 
“GEORGE WASHINGTON”: A Portrait by Gilbert Stuart 

the Government all @llow at making me 
feel secure, anyway. 

“Now how about trotting out the com- 
pliment?” : 

“Oh, that. Sam affirmed that he knew 
nobody he’d ratHer talk to than me, un- 
less it was you, because he could say 

-what- he-wanted: to without: fear of mis« 

understatement. What finer 
can we want than to have a 
coined for our benefit!” 

I laughed with him and we 
the wind in the obdurate trees, 
comfortable in ithe stanchness of our 
Tam said quietly, “When the 
world gets the hang of it, we'll have total 
security. I do believe that the warmest 
hearts of life the world ever known 
are being kindled.” 

“By the younger 

“Not only them, though vou and I have 
been warming our hands in front of them 
long enough to know. I was thinking of 
the real social security.” Tam lifted the 
Government envelope. off--a- beek - that «I 
saw to be the Bible and said, “It all 
depends on where you find your meanings.” 


new word 

listened to 
and were 



generation, you 

Tradition of an 

Early Romance 

A. WRITER -in-the New York. ‘Century’ 
says of the lady who won Washington’s 
ne art, “Mary 
Wilson Cary, Esq., of ‘Celeys’ in the 
county: of Elizabeth ’ City. Géorge “Wash= 
ington met with Miss Cary who .came to 
visit Mrs. Fairfax, her elderly sister. The 
man at once proceeded to fall in 
love which he did with an ardor charac- 
teristic of his nature. When Miss Cary 
went back to “Celeys’ on James River. 

young Cary’s father was 


he foHowed her hke a courageous gallant: 

and laid open siege to the fair fortress. In 
the good old times, however, something 
more was necessary than the consent of 

young lady; so the 
for a private 
lord of the 



with the awful 
listened to him 

manor who 
“When the lover had finished, Mr. Cary 
rose, made a low bow and said that. if this 
was Mr. Washington’s errand at ‘Celeys,’ 
his visit had better terminate. His daugh- 

ter had ‘been: accustomed “to fideo dn “ter 

own chariot. And with this allusion to the 

poor condition of the younger son, the 

oe —_— _ — 

youth duly asked 

interview terminated. Young Washington 
bowed and went away and, in due time, 
married Martha Dandridge Custis who 
‘resembled Miss Cary,’ says my authority, 
‘as much as one twin sister resembles 
another’.” | | 

But the old tradition does not end- here. 
Many years fled away. Mary Cary was 
Mrs. Ambler, and her discarded suitor was 
the man who had just received the sword 
of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown, whom 
the whole civilized world hailed as great- 
est among the great, the ‘foremost man.* 
not only of America, but of ‘all this 
world.’ He passed through the old metrop- 
olis of Williamsburg, at the head of his 
victorious troops; and the people were 
almost crazy with joy and adoration. The 
vast multitude nearly prevented his horse 
from proceeding. The calm statue on 
horseback passed on serenely. All at once, 
he perceived at a window or in the crowd, 
his old Mary Cary. He raised his 
sword saluted -her -profoundly. — 


Qudted” tron “he Williniantie “vornar” 

of Willimantic, ‘Conn., dated Friday, June 
17, 1864. 

The Indian Made U 

'se_ot- His. Forests 

JUDGING latitude by the stars does not 
appear to have been a widespread accom- 
plishment of the American Indian, though 
he certainly learned to take bearings by 
North probably 
the time by the circling 

Rather did the Indian 
wilderness by- little clues 
found in trees and plants, 
falo trails, by observing 
mount: sometimes by a signal thread 
of distant smoke. He was taught in child- 
notice that the tips of evergreen 
trees inclined slightly to eastward, bowed 

the prevailing west wind; that moss 
and bark are slightiv thicker on the moist 
north and northeast side of trees, and 
tree-rings consequently wider there; that 
gum oozing from the spruce is clear 
amber on the south side but dull grey on 
the north, that compass golden-rod tips 
bend gently northward, and the leaves 
of prickly lettuce, rosin weed, and prairie 
dock all lean more north or south: than 
east. or west. 

the Star and could tell 


navigate the 
of direction 
by deer or buf- 
waterways and 

| ‘ 
nooa to 


Stalking proved to him that the north. 

side of a hill is the quiet side—because 
the ground stays damper there and there- 
by deadens sounds, while the dry south 
slope is often treacherous with rustling 
leaves and hidden crackly sticks. The loon 
and the duck, he observed, prefer to. breed 
on the western shores of lakes and rivers. 
The flying squirrel and the pileated wood- 
pecker dig their holes on the east side of 
trees. But the spider spins her web on the 
south. side, the favourite resting-place of 
the-sun-loving moth and fly. ... 

Though probably the world’s best 
tracker, the Indian nevertheless often 
blazed his trail as a navigation aid, bend- 
ing saplings, stripping bark, planting forked 
sticks in streams, or piling cairns of rock 

on cliff paths above the timber. On. the 
prairie he used simple grass signs to in- 
dicate direction, such as knotting the grass 
into bunches and pointing the top right or 
left to show the way. For long-range 
broadcasting when smoke signals were 
too temporary, he used the famous “lop 
stick” sign, many examples of which are 
preserved to this day in ancient virgin 
trees of former Indian country. This sig- 
nal was made by precise lopping off of 
these prominent trees on ridges where 
their coded pattern messages could be 
read for many miles.—From “Song of the 
Sky.” by Guy Murcure, 1955. Secker & 
Warburg. London. 

’ ’ *" FRY 
From Each of Three 
From one my laughter came, 

From one my song, 
From one there is a flame 
Of joy, lifelong. 

And who shall say which gift 
The heart finds best— 

The soaring upward. lift 
Within the breast 

Of laughter’s shining wings; 
The golden way 

A swift remembrance sings 
To wake the day; 

‘Or all the warm delights 
So much a part 

Of starred and holy nights 
That shake the heart— 

From one my laughter came, 
From one my song, 

From one there is a flame 
Of joy, lifelong. 


Tue historic image of George Washing- 
ton is the visualization of Gilbert Stuart 

In early youth, Stuart began painting 
likenesses in Newport, Rhode Island, In 
1772, he had an opportunity to go to 
Edinburgh in order to study painting. 
Durie the T780's Ne enjoved suctéess” Nn 
London in competition with several top- 
notch performers. 

With passing years, he paid more at- 
tention to salient elements of a portrait, 
dropping trivial details... Happily for 
American history, Stuart returned to na- 
tive shores for the purpose of painting 
George Washington. He remained in the 
United States, producing a great number 
of portraits and fulfilling the pressing de- 
mand for hkenesses of the great American 

Above is the so-called Gibbs-Channing 
portrait painted by Stuart in 1795 in Phil- 
adelphia, Washington’s powdered hair is 
tied back with a black queue bow. He 
wears a black-velvet coat, full neckcloth 
and ruffied shirt. The tirtain in the back- 
ground is olive green. 

Dr. William F. Channing wrote the fol- 
lowing when asked to furnish information: 
“The ‘Gibbs’ Washington is the repre- 
sentative picture of Washington first sit- 
ting to Stuart in 1795. ... (It) was sold 
by Stuart at an early date to his warm 
personal friend, Colonel George Gibbs of 
New York, with a statement that it was 
on the ease! while Washington was sitting 
and worked from life. At a later period, 
Colonel Gibbs sold the ‘Gibbs’ picture to 
Mrs. William Ellery Channing... .” 

Fhe-figure of George Washington shown 
on the right is a rendering of an early 
American artifact, made by the Massachu- 
setts Project of the Index of American 

DorotHy ADLOW 


Honor the Great — 

. Written for The.Christian Science Monstor | 

WHEN a nation celebrates a great 
event, the whole world has cause for 
rejoicing. During this week the anni- 
versary of the birth of George Wash- 

ington, first President of the United 

States, will be observed. 

General Washington was clearly 

—gware of the fact’ that spiritual, not 

material, forces shaped his destiny. He 
sought righteousness rather than great- 
ness and-was loyal to the ideal of free- 
dom, to which he pledged himself. His 
long career and unblemished record 
have left an indelible impression on the 
world in genéral and on the people of 
the United States in particular. 

Great men and women arise as the 
occasion demands. Sometimes they 
come to save a nation from destruc- 
tion or to give birth to a new. ideal. 
Human history can furnish many ex- 
amples of this fact. 

In regard to the spiritual progress of 
a nation, the advent of great men and 
women is less frequent. Their work is 
more revolutionary and far-reaching 
because it reveals the spiritual foun- 
dation upon which all reality is based. 
Such a one Was Christ Jesus, He came 
not merely to saye a nation, but to 
redeem the world. He was both min- 
ister and physician to the people. 

a2 ff 

The good tidirigs of his coming 
spread through Palestine and were 
heard by a downtrodden and dispir- 
ited people. The multitude flocked to 
hear him, and those suffering from sin 
and disease were healed by. his know|- 
edge and application of the laws of 
God. The Master said (Matt. 28:18), 
“All power is given unto me in heaven 
and in earth,” and he proved this state- 
ment by his healing works. 

Jesus was one who understood the 
spiritual meaning of liberty. He knew 
God's will to be good and saw this will 
at work on earth as in heaven. 

For more than eighteen centuries the 
secret of his success was lost or par- 
tially an inflow .of mate- 
rialism, but in the latter half of the 
nineteenth century, the Science of 
Christianity and its practical applica- 
tion in human experience was again 
reinstated by its Discoverer § and 
Founder, Mary Baker Eddy. This time 
a woman was God’s messenger and 
Christian Science, or the Science of 
Christianity, was the message. | 

This religion proclaims the truth that 
there is one God, good, one Christ or 
divine manifestation, one Mind, one 
intelligence. Man, the image and like- 
ness of God, reflects the creator, and 
this reflection of good is discernible 
through spiritual sense and can thus be 
demonstrated. This truth was also the 
teaching of Christ Jesus. 

' Seer fae. 

Christian Science is the way of Life, 
not merely a system of healing disease. 
Mrs. Eddy, referring to this fact, writes 
in her book entitled “Rudimental Di- 
vine Science” (p. 2): “Healing physical 
sickness is the smallest .part of Chris- 
tian Science. It is only the bugle-call to 
thought and action, in the higher rang 
of infinité goodness.”” ~ 

This bugie-cali to°action, namely the 
necessity for divine healing, is heard 
throughout the earth. We live in the 
latter days of materialism. A more 

American Architecture Advances 

Witu the impetus that an appreciation 
and knowledge of our own traditions has 
had in recent years, no one makes the mis- 
take any more of thinking that a colonial 
house is one with a row of white columns 
across the front. To be very exact there 

Were .@ dew: BCD... DQUSES® DUE. dn. ADIs. 

country while we were still colonies of 
England, but this classic type of architec- 
ture did not come into its own until after 
the American Revolution. The same men 
who made the young Republic took an 
interest in this new style, and to one of 
them in particular we owe much of the 
growth and popularity of the classic style 
in America. It was Thomas Jefferson, in- 
terested in* architecture from ‘his cotlege 
days at William and Mary, who fostered 
it and- developed it. We know that the 
Maison de Salm which he had seen in 
Paris made a great impression on him, for 
many of its features were used at Monti- 
cello, Jefferson’s home in Virginia... . His 
designs for the capitol at Richmond, for 
the University of Virginia and other 
houses started the ball rolling. Houses in 
the new style were built-in many. differ- 
ent parts of the country and, although 
some turned to Jefferson for inspiration, 
builders were also guided by what was 
going on in England. A great number of 
new books of designs were imported. Rob- 
ert Adams, whose name is always associ- 
ated with the classic revival, had pub- 
lished a new book with designs and 
measured drawings of the Roman palace 
of Diocletian: Charles Morris, famous 
English architect, brought out a book of 
Select Architecture, and a group of Eng- 
lishmen, known as the Society of Dilet- 
tanti, apent a fortune in producing a book 
of ces ae of The Ionian Antiquities. 
These and many others suggested designs 
which the American architects and build- 
ers adapted and made peculiarly Ameri- 
Can. «e's 

It is important to emphasize that houses 
before the age of manufacturing were all 
much more custom-built than they are 
today. Each house, each door, each win- 
dow, though it followed the general] style 
of its period, was especially built for its 
owner and reflected his experience and 
taste. Communication was not rapid and 
many older styles continued long after 
new ideas had become wel] established. 
It is very difficult to draw absolutely 
clean-cut lines between each period and 
often it is confusing to find elements of 

Ob AD PlAer...9ne,... adapted, 

several periods in one house. Individual 
owners did not hesitate to adapt a style 
to their own taste, as we find in a Greek 
revival house in Middletown, Connecti- 
cut. oe 

From the day of the classic revival, 
each new style developed was a revival! 
economic conditions and available 
terials—From “Ladies’ Home Journal 
Book of Interior Decoration,” by Eliza- 
beth T. Halsey. Copyright, 1954, by The 
Curtis Publishing Company, Philadelphia, 
Pa. Reprinted by permission of the pub- 



AS: AWAY Sy. 1Q«-., 

spiritual concept of man and the uni-e 
verse is at hand. Science, theology, and 
medicine, the three modes of mortal 
thought, are rapidly forsaking their 
material basis and are moving into the 
mental realm. This mental aspect is a 
steppingstone out of materialism. Be- 
yond it’and awaiting’ our recognition 
is the pure, spiritual concept. The spir- 
itual creation is the only real and eter- 
nal one, because it emanates from 
Mind, not matter, and exists eternally 
as God’s divine manifestation. 


It is for that the 
Christ is again understood sufficiently 
to repeat the done by 
Jesus and in the first three centuries 
by his devoted followers. Bible 
and the Christian. Science _ textbook, 
“Science and Health with Key to the 
Scriptures” by Mrs. Eddy, expound the 
healing truth, and a study of these 
textbooks and the practical application 
of their teachings is today our great 

cause rejoicing 

healing work 


Every constructive event in human 
history has brought the kingdom of 
God nearer to mankind. All good men 
and women contribute to the spiritual 
welfare of the people, but the truly 
great are those whose purity and spir- 
ituality have enabled them to open the 
gates of the kingdom of heaven so that 
sinning, suffering humaflity may enter 
into an understanding of God and His 
Christ and thus find spiritual and per- 


Lesson in Semantics 
“Homespun” — This 

simple fabric, 
Handmade and 
wore li 
So..much.of inner.strength .that..passing 


once described a 

rather coarse. The 

Who had so little of life’s 

Endow the term with richer connotations 
In overtones of humor, timeless worth, 
The wit and wordless wisdom 
Of people living very near to earth. 


Appre M. HEprRiIcK 

Vile lees, Ro 

a CaO ES ae rye LRP ow, 

Natiénal Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C, 



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*British Isles: £2 7s 2d. 163-4 Strand, London. W.C.2. 


, bi = “ ba. nn tg Repel, BH aoe SE ess he eee eS a 
2 *, a oe . az: eae Oh nate yy 5 46 5 Se Bs p VS i og) rh ‘Seoer >. ao early te, wigs 
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P eS s 

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- —_—e = ro" oe clans go vette mea ars he 
eS a ee —— 

Tuesday, February 19, 1957 
Rae ae SPIRE BO e caps Rh Foire, nine ire ‘ . oe Alm penta em 

. 4 
POP i * SF Sinks Ws 
hat \ 
=~ ~ a “ge ame 

r ; 

— _ 

ent interviews given by these two 
great generabs. 
Dr. Phineas D..Gurley, a friend and 
4 7 confidant of the President, and pastor 
th Pi ee of the Presbyterian Church attended 


~ Finds God—2 ~ 

ES Se} 
Fame ok ~ 

2 —— oo 


By Ralph Lindstrom 

Written for The Christian Science Monitor 

Mr. Lindstrom is a member of the 

California bar and a longtime student 
of the life and thinking of Abraham 

Divine Guidance 

ASSERT that Lincoln sought. 
3 divine guidance as a youth or 

during early manhood is to say 

something that‘ within this 
writer’s knowledge cannot be estab- 
lished and probably cannot be proved. 
Yet he may have done so. 

Indeed, even the tragedy of his 
early Springfield days, during his 
‘feeling of social and financial inade- 
quacy, even the breaking of his en- 
gagement to Mary Todd, did not seem 
to have been sufficient really to teach 
wuincoln that the human _ intellect, 
however earnest, sincere, and _ hu- 
manly good, still needs the guidance 
-of God. And young Lincoln’s men- 
tality was not of the scintillating, 
sparkling type. Rather was it the 
Slow, almost plodding process of 
sincere investigation, evaluation, 
contemplation, and careful considera- 

Perhaps it was inevitable that Lin- 
coln should go through a period of 
intellectual self-sufficiency. Most 
~~voung men seem to: In Lincolin’s case, 

consider his progress from unschooled, 
storekeeper, - 

unlettered laborer to 
surveyor, legislator, lawyer, political 
leader, public speaker, and congress- 
-man in approximately 15 years. If for 
a while he “felt his oats” mentally, 
that is quite understandable. 


If he followed politicians and Ili- 
nois orators in the use of spread-eagle 
figures of speech—and probably with 
quite a little pride of intellect—these 
were only the tares which still looked 
to him like wheat. Only when the har- 
vest of sobering experience in the 

passing ..of..his:.son_.Eddie...became..his... 

lot was he ready to surrender the hu- 
man mind’s “cold, calculating reason” 
of his Young Men’s Lyceum address of 
Jan. 27, 1838, for the realization that 
man receives divine guidance best 
when and in the degree that human 
reasoning and intellect are subordi- 
pated to, or even become a transpar- 
ency for, the shining through, the 
a&wareness of Him who “is in one 
mind, and who can turn him?” 

When did this occur in Lincoln’s 

It was said that the broken engage- 

went with "Mary Todd°was insufficient’ 

to turn him to God for guidance. That 
this may be an undervaluation of that 
experience is indicated by his letter 
of July 4, 1842, to his former Spring- 
field roommate and life-long friend, 
Joshua F. Speed. Speed was almost 
frantic with fear and’ doubts about 
his love for his Fanny. Lincoln was 
equally worried over the breaking of 
his own engagement to his Mary. 
Lincoln first told Speed: 

_“, ..1 believe God made me one of 
his instruments of bringing your 
Fanny and you together.” 


Then as to his own situation: 

nua ae patever. tle.designs,..5Le.awidbovs.. 

do for me yet. ‘Stand still and see the 
salvation of the Lord’ is my text just 
It was quite a step forward from 
“cold, calculating reason.” 
Big six-footers though they were, 
~““these two men wrote back and ‘forth 
of their love affairs like a couple of 
unsophisticated sophomores. In an 

«. @arher.letter.-(Feb..-3,-: 1842), after 

--Speed’s marriage, Lincoln was writ- 
ing to Speed: “I almost feel ... the 
Almighty has sent your present afflic- 
tion (worry over Fanny’s illness) ex- 
pressly for [the] object... [of] once 
and forever’ removing Speed’s anx- 
iety and doubts about his love for 
Fanny Henning. “Her religion, which 
you once disliked so much, I will 
venture you now prize most highly.” 


Like Lincoln’s later 
Speed’s ultimately proved a great 

President Zachary Taylor, who had 
been a unifying force between North 
and South, passed on in July follow- 
ing Eddie’s death. Here is the Lincoln 

- of deeper experience than human in- 

tellectualism, in his Taylor eulogy: 

“... the one great question of the 
day ... [confining slavery, and avoid- 
ing the threat of its expansion into the 
__ territories] is not now so likely to be 
- partially acquiesced in by the differ- 

ent sections of the Union, as it would 
have been, could General Taylor have 
been spared to us.” 7 
The remedy? Some product of 
human intellect alone? No. Yet 
under all circumstances, trusting ~ 
our Maker, and through his wisdom 
and beneficence, to the great body of 
our people, we will not despair, nor 
despond,” Lincoln continued. 
e must not miss Lincoln's refer- 
ence to trust in “the great body of our 

ple.” Is that the same as the too-. 

| uently . flamboyant . voice of 
? Is it in mob violence? Is 

it when influenced by a Hitler? No, 
Lincoln trusted the judgment of his 

marriage, ‘ 

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Young Lincoln the Storekeeper Studies for the Future 


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Illustration by Gene Langley 

In this second article, the growth of Lincoln’s dependence on divine guidance_ 
is described as his experience unfolded. This growth culminated during —the 
presidency and the Cinil War. He prayed and gained peace of mind. Before 
Vicksburg he said, “I prayed that He would not let the nation perish....I felt 
that my prayer was ansnered....Grant mill pull through all right..... Ihave 

been despondent, 


people when they and he were “trust- 
ing to our Maker, and through his 
wisdom” directing the mature judg- 
ment of his people. Then their voice 
could become “the voice of God.” A 
people will be divinely guided only 
when “His wisdom and beneficence” 
come to them through “the still small 

But Lincoln was no mere sloganeer. 
He earnestly sought for a united peo- 
ple. He strove against divisions. 

Lincoln’s “House Divided” speech 
showed slow, steady, sturdy growth 
to conviction in Lincoln. He was no 
political phrase maker. By June, 1858, 
when he delivered his “House Di- 
vided” speech in Springfield, he was 
voicing views which he had written 
as early as 1855 to Judge George 
Robertson of Lexington, Ky.: 

“Our political problem now is, ‘Can 
we, as a nation, continue together 
permanently—forever—half slave and 
half free?’ The problem is too mighty 
for me. May God, in his mercy, super- 
intend the solution.” 

There is prayer. There is earnest 
desire. There is listening for divine 
guidance. This sense of divine guid- 
ance deepened, as Lincoln grew in 
spiritual stature, as he entered—the 

trying days’ of “presidenttar responei- “* 

bilities, grave beyond measure. 


State after state had seceded. Presi- 
dent Buchanan had done nothing to 
prevent or even discourage dissolu- 
tion of the Union. As if further to set 
the scene that morning of Feb. 11, 

~ 486) "it -was-ramimg,; cloudy, dismal 

as Lincoln bade farewell to Spring- 

This unpretentious man walked to 
the depot to entrain for Washington. 
To a small gathering of neighbors 
and friends he spoke simply and sin- 
cerely. He spoke of responsibilities 
greater even than those which rested 
on Washington, and then confessed: 

“Without the, assistance of that di- 
vine Being, who ever attended him 
[| Washington], I cannot succeed. With 
that assistance I cannot fail. Trusting 
in Him, who can go with me, and 
remain with you and be everywhere 
for good, let us confidently hope that 
all will vet be well.” 

Knowing the futility of repeating 
to the unwilling-to-hear portion of 
the South his assurances that he 
would never violate a constitutional 
Safeguard, even to the immoral insti- 
tution of slavery, and not willing pre- 
maturely to give away or splinter his 
first inaugural, Lincoln’s _ special 
train moved from city to city through 
Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and 
New York. Lincoln said little, but al- 
most always simply asked his people 
to join him in prayer that he be “sus- 
tained by God and the American 
people ... by the divine power, with- 
out whose aid we can do nothing.” 


What content he was putting into 
Voltaire’s phrase about “the voice of 
the people’! At Buffalo he put it this 
way: : 

“For the ability to perform [Lin- 
coln’s task] ... I must trust in that 
Supreme Being who has never for- 
saken this favored land, through the 

but am so no longer. 

instrumentality of this great and in- 
telligent people.” 

The year 1862 opened with despair 
deepening everywhere. Then came the 
crushing blow of the passing of Lin- 
coln’s next youngest son, his beloved 
Willie, on Feb. 20. He was a lovable, 
whimsical lad, of greatest comfort to 
Lincoln... After a period of wel-nigh 
inconsolable sorrow, with his wife’s 
grief so great as to amount to un- 
balance, the Lincoln religious roots 
were forced to go still deeper. They 

had’ to.“And they did. He lived untit- 

he was-assured that his beloved Union 
would live on and on. 


“Why don't you emancipate?” 
shouted Greeley ard others like him. 
Others had called Lincoln “that slave 
hound from Illinois.” He knew that 
slavery existed under state law and 
therefore he could not constitutionally 
emancipate the slaves at the federal 
level except in the one event that it 
became an act of military necessity. 
But even then it must not be done as 
a final gasp of military despair, 

confeyohitrorists could easily Sorve that 

one! Just call the~ Constitution a 
“covenant with hell’! A whole carload 
of Chicago preachers called to urge 
action. He simply answered: “‘What- 
ever shall appéar to be God's. will, 
I] will do.” 

But even‘as he met with these Chi- 

“cago ministers; hé Knew of a resolu- 

tion which he had made within him- 
self. He later somewhat timidly told 
his Cabinet: “I made the promise to 
myself and to my Maker that when 
the rebel army ... should be driven 
out of Maryland, to issue a proclama- 
tion of emancipation such as I thought 
most likely to be useful.” And he did! 

Then came 1863 and Gettysburg. 
Defeat there could have meant suc- 
cess for secession—the end of the 
Union. It is almost impossible now to 
pierce back through glorious victory 
and the great Gettysburg address to 
feel what the impending battle meant. 

Maj. Gen. Daniel V. Sickles left. a 
leg at the battle of Gettysburg. The 
President promptly called to see him 
when he was taken to a Washington 
hospital. General Sickles said he had 
heard at Gettysburg that “govern- 
ment _officials..were—-so-anxious~ fthat 
they] packed up and got ready to 
leave at short notice with the official 
archives.” Lincoln admitted some 
prudent precautions, but said that 
“for my part I was sure of our suc- 
cess at Gettysburg.” “Why?” asked 

General Sickles, “. .. the Army of the | 

Potomac has suffered many reverses.” 
After a thoughtful pause and some 

_ hesitation, the President’s face lighted 

up with an expression General Sickles 
had not seen before. 

“I knew that defeat in a great battle 
on Northern soil involved loss of 
Washington... [and] intervention of 
England and France in favor of the 

) > 

God 1s with us.” 

Southern Confederacy. I went to my 
room and got down on my knees in 
prayer. Never before had I prayed 
with so much earnestness. I wish I 
could repeat my _ prayer, I felt that ] 
must put all my trust in Almighty 
God. He gave our people the best 
country ever given to men. He alone 
eould -save-it- from destruction... 
I prayed that He would not let the 
Nation perish. ... 

“I felt that my prayer was an- 

swered. ...I had no misgivings about 
ie ree. .« ..” 

Then as to Vicksburg he told Gen- 
eral Sickles: 

“Grant will pull through all right. have been despondent, but am so 
no longer. God is with us.” 

Gen. James F. Rustling, also present 
with Lincoln at General Sicklés’s bed- 
side, gives corroboration, Obviously 
these are no word-for-word reports, 
but the substance agrees in independ- 


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at Washington by the Lincolns, wrote 
in Scribner's monthly: | 

“. . After the death of his son 
Willie, and his visit to the battlefield 
of Gettysburg, he said ... that he had 
lost confidence in’ everything but 

Dr. Gurley has corroboration in the 
President’s written remarks to the 
Baltimore Presbyterian synod: 

“I was early brought to the liv- 
ing reflection. that there was nothing 
in the arms of this man... to rely 
upon for such difficulties, and that 
without the direct assistance of the 
Almighty I was certain of failing. ... 
I have been driven to the last resort 
to say that God is still my only hope. 
It is still all the world to me.” 

Again and again and again the 
theme rings out as evidence which 
lawyers call res gestae—the thing 
speaking for itself. 


When Lincoln was reelected. he 
replied on March 1, 1865, to the noti- 
fication committee of the Congress: 

“... with assured reliance on that 
Almighty Ruler who has so graciously 
sustained us thus far; and with in- 
creased gratitude to the generous 
people for their continued confidence, 
I] accept the renewed trust, with its 
onerous and perplexing duties and re- 

At about the same time, when 
members.of the Christian Commission 
were interviewing the President, the 
Rev. J. T. Duryea of New York men- 
tioned need for trust in the’ provi- 
dence of God. Lincoln told the group 
that bit for his “... firm belief in an 
overruling Providence, it would be 
difficuit-fer-me, in the midst of such 
complication of affairs, to keep my 
reason in its seat. ...I have always 
taken counsel of Him, and have nevér 
adopted a course... without being as- 
sured, as far as I could be, of His ap- 

Possibly_it—is—true,as-.some- have 
claimed, that J. G. Holland in his 
“Life of Abraham Lincoln”. in places 
overstated his case. But Lincoln’s own 
words and actions seem to justify full 
acceptance of Holland’s statement 
about Lincoln: 

“He grew more religious with every . 
passing year of his official life. . . . In 
all the great emergencies of his clos- 
ing years, his reliance upon divine 
guidance and assistance was often 
touching. ‘I have been driven many 
times to my knees, by the overwhelm- 
ing conviction that I had nowhere 
else to go. My own wisdom and that 
of all about me seemed insufficient for 
that day.’ ” 

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Other Aspects of Lincoln’s Spiritual Progress 

- Justice, Mercy, and Love 

Is it possible that the greatest test 
of a man’s religion comes when he 
must determine what to do with vic- 
tory, especially military victory over 
a prostrate enemy? 

In Lincoln’s second inaugural is 
seen the majesty of Mosaic law, the 
inspiration_of an Isaiah, the judgment 

™ of “a Fererriah =a Typ OE TP PF ery ‘ Sty pe ay “yee — 

brought itself, North and South, into 
a terrible anguish of its own making. 
But if ultimate reform, elimination 
of the shameful wrong of slavery, re- 
quired the compensatory .drop.-of 

blood .by. the sword.for each drop. 

drawn by the lash, so long must the 
reformative punishment of war con- 

=.otinue,-Lincely- didnot speakas for the 

North to the South. He did not say 
that only the’ South need suffer. -He 
spoke of and for all the people, North 
and South, 

In closing the second inaugural it 
seems as though Lincoln were talk- 
ing to all people, in. all ages, in what- 
ever type of grouping. It would be 
well, when reading the last paragraph 
of that plea; to ask ourselves some 
questions. Do we genuinely desire 
“unity in diversity” in religioys 
circles? De we put creedal conformity 
above the essence of our religion? Do 
we believe even that national good 
can be permanently served to the 
detriment of universal good? Listen 
to Lincoln: | 

“With malice toward none: with 
charity for all: with firmness in the 
right, as God gives us to see the right, 
let us ... achieve and cherish a just, 
anda lasting peace among ourselves, 

_and with all nations.” ca eas 
Mountains are in best perspective at 

a distance. This second inaugural cap- 
stone in Lincoln’s conviction of the 
universality of salvation was called 
by The Times, of London, “the most 
sublime state paper of the century.” 

The British Standard said: “Its 
Alpha and Omega is Almighty God, 
the God of Justice, and the Father of 
Mercies, who is working out the pur- 
pose of His love.” ; 

When Lord Curzon, in his Rede 
lecture at the University of Cam- 
bridge, on Nov. 6, 1913, selected the 
three “supreme masterpieces” of 
English eloquence, two of the three 
selected were Lincoln’s Gettysburg 
Address and this second inaugural. 



On Washington’s birthday in 1842. 
Lawyer Lincoln, then 33, spoke in the 
First Presbyterian Church at Spring- 
field at a meeting of a temperance 
group known as the “Washington- 
ians.’ He made himself quite unpopu- 
lar with many of the church mem- 
bers by what he said in that address. 
Why g 
‘TRPparently the approach of. the 
Washingtonians in the 1840’s was 
somewhat the approach of Alcoholics 
Anonymous today. The burden of 
Lincoln’s address was that those who 
had never been victims of alcohol 

should not. feel above joining:‘‘a re-= 

formed drunkards’. seciety.’ He also 
urged a kindlier and more. loving ap- 
proach to the drunkard whose reform 

was sought. He even dared to question 

the temperance promotion efforts of 
“preachers, lawyers, and _ hired 
agents’ who could have ascribed to 
them motives which could never be 
ascribed to the victim, liberated from 
“...- intemperance ...[who] appears 
before his neighbors ‘clothed, and in 
his right mind,’ a redeemed specimen 
of long-lost humanity.” 


This was just too much for some 
of the church members. They were 
infuriated to have reformed drunk- 
ards compared favorably with them 
and portrayed as more ideal. agents 

for reform of others. Shouldn’t their 

own righteous example be sufficient? 
No, said Lincoln, you must not even 
by implication condemn and alienate 
the one you would assist back to “.. . 
his right mind. ... First convince him 
that you are his sincere friend, (and 
this) catches his heart, which, say 

~what-he wilt; 1s-the’ great high-road 

to his reason.” 

Does it not seem probable that this 
humbly sincere but impolitically 
forthright. young lawyer was una- 
ware that some earnest church mem- 
bers could be  self-deceived into 
greater interest in preserving equa- 
nimity in their private sense of salva- 
tion than in promoting the salvation 
of themselves through universal sal? 
vation? He went. on to speak for him- 
self and for the Washingtonians: 
“They deny the doctrine of unpardon- 
able sin.” He continued, “Surely no 
Christian will’ disdain his fellows, 
who are in the process of salvation. 
by refusing to join “a reformed 
drunkard’s society.” 3 . 

_ President, appointed 
' Glasg 

Edward Lincoln 

There are not many dependable evi- 
dences of great concern with or con- 
templation of spiritual matters during 
the period from 1837, when Lincoln 
entered law practice, and 1850, when 
his second son, Edward Baker Lin- 
coln, affectionately known as “Eddie,” 
passed on. There were the temperance 
address,.and the letter Lincoln wrote 

min “Shswrer to “one” fron’ his” halter 

brother, John D. Johnston, who wrote 
that Lincoln’s father, Thomas Lincoln, 
was not expected to live. This letter 
was written by Lincoln in 1851, It is 
some-evidence that his religion was 
not. merely intellectual—that it was. 
of his heart as well as of his head. He 
wrote: 3 

“.. tell him to remember to call 
upon, and Co6nfide in, our great, and 
good, and merciful Maker ... (who 
even) notes the fall of a sparrow.” 


Yes, the conviction was present in 
Lincoln’s growing religious sense that 
there was a heavenly Father in whose 
divine economy there were universal 
concern and care down even to the 

Lincoln needed this sturdily grow- 
ing sense of universal salvation, for it 
was to be put to great test. After 
weeks and months of anxious vigil, 
Mary and Abraham Lincoln’s beloved 
Eddie passed on. Dr, James Smith 
had become pastor at the First Pres- 
byterian Church after Lincoln spoke 
there in 1842. Mary Lincoln had at- 
tended the Episeopal church in 
Springfield, but its pastor was absent 
then, so the Lincolns turned to Dr. 
Smith. He was of great comfort to 
these bereaved parents. 


~—Mrs:-bineoin joined the Presbyteri-_ 

an Church, and Abraham Lincoln be- 
came a regular attendant, but not-a 
member. But’Dr. Smith tells of many 
earnest discussions about -religious 
and spiritual matters between Lincoln 
and himself, including the contents of 
a volumé by Dr. Smith called “The 
Christian’s Defense.” The book was 
the result of some debate which Dr. 
Smith had had with a professed infi- 
del, running through a series of meet- 


A closeness developed between this 
preacher-and-lawyer combination 
which continued after Dr. Smith -re- 
turned to Scotland to ie Lincoln, as 

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Plaque Unveiien 5 in Honor of Willkie New York Stocks 

By Stafford Derby 
~Chtet or the New York News Bareat of 
The Christian Science er 

New York | 

Wendell... -Wiltkie’s’~ political 
Pellceophy as expressed in “One | 
orld” has received an acco- 
lade of substance bestowed by 
national leaders gathered here 

at Freedom House on Feb, 18. 
e occasion was the unveil- 
ing of a bronze plaque bearing 
a bas-relief of the Willkie head 

St Paces — 
Re surgence 

|. By Everett M. Smith 
Stef Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 
Boston gion’s three largest spenders on 
Research, to the tune of $330,- research and development. 
000,000 a year, is shaping New The role of research in New 
England’s economy today. England’s industrial buiJd-up is 
This huge amount—some $33) reviewed from the days of Sam- 

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for every person in the six states | 

—is more than two and a half 

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Much of. New England's 
economic resiliency and vigor 
comes from the expanding use 

uel Slater and Eli Whitney, and 
the region’s current research fa- 

“Today's industrial research 
terms are concentrating more 
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cilities aiid personnel are thors | 
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Set on the south wall of the a Reames | A > ie ee vie ‘sof research and development as | veloping products with a high 
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Freedom House. Its Uriveiling on |  tertheae ieee + ‘»' Bank of Boston. _, New England manufacturers are 
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ren, Chief Justice of the United States, holding 
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States Earl hppa By power Re- tend = 1% . * | OwenstiiGi2" ! whe "Sedan : ___ | The section of the report deal- 
publican leader and California nAWAir.80 aw ES 9-page._sludy. covers ing with ~agricultural™ research 
governor before he donned the contributions to New England’s jn New England outlines the nu- 
robes of the United States Su- growth made through industrial, merous discoveries which have 
preme Court, summoned some agricultural, forestry, medical, played major roles in strength- 
words of President Eisenhower and economic research. In rang- ening the region’s agricultural 
to link with: his own in bring- ing these varied fields in both | enterprises, with particular em- 
ing up to date the contribution the present and past, the report phasis said on those which 
of Mr. Willkie to the American highlights achievements in| helped build the region’s poultry 
political scene. Public Library in honor of Wendell Willkie’s dozens of firms, agencies, or- industry to an_annual volume 
Ideological Bombshell 65th anniversary. The boy is the son of Philip | ganizations, and individuals, of $231,000,000. 7 
In the 1940’s Mr. Willkie was | Willkie. The Chief Justice was the principal | : mi 53 45% 4415 44% — Industrial Research First Research to maintain and im- 
an outspoken advocate of inter- speaker at the anniversary ceremony in Willkie | 1.60 : Dl aoe hint 4 39 Th Primary-emphasis “is “given toe oS Nes England's forests and 
nationalism as a matter of prac- | Memorial Auditorium at Freedom House. | d3 PitPiate® 55a | industrial research. since manu- wood-based industries how ene 
tical common sense. In his book .B EW 2 1 Proct&G 1.80 | facturing is still the principal roy gama ogg Hage aie 
“One World”’—an_ ideological | which I largely concern myself, |leadership of the continued-tol-;II. This youngster, his tow head | boos — eit Pure oti 20 ; Source of employment and _in- Such ricomael is even mare fa 
bombshell of sorts—he wrote! __ It can truly be said that he |erance of discrimination—-and }shining-in the midst of the dark=| Borden 60g 12 54 |RCA la come in each of the New Eng- , cathind 
’ te on ruly. a¢ pgprenenge — a ~ | Bors Wrn 2.40 18 | Ravonier 1.46 : as land states. portant to the economy as a 
these words as quoted by Mr: js the father of what Paul Hoff- | segregation in the United States | hued winter garments of his eld Briggs Mf140e 1 Ray-O-Vac .80 -"¥ ate: whole than to forest landown- 
Justice ‘Warren: man and others here call modern or of flouting civil liberties at ers, sat in the front row while | Bristmy 40g 45 ; Raytheon 34177 — % “Manufacturing success’ iniers the hanks believes. It points 
“I cannot escape the convic- | Republicanism.” ‘home.” : ithe speech making was going on. | Budd Co 1.40 - Stage A ; ‘s —3%2 New England,” says the Fed- out that the region’s woot aaa 
tion that in the future what Senator Javits is a recognized The event, it should be noted,| But there was wisdom in the | Revere C .55¢ 7 ym 3 > 5, eral Reserve Bank, “is most se tha cn a employ about 
concerns them (the Far East) |champion of civil rights, and he was nct all solemnity—the affair |hands which had placed before | : likely to attend him who per=- 115 000 wortters who are paid 
must concern us, almost as emphasized the Willkie contri- of set speeches and recognition | the bright-eyed youngster a book sistently researches and intel- wages of some $400 000 000 an- 
. much as the problems of the |bution in this field as having of the great problems which con- which he could understand, Its Boe db ligently develops new and better nually. In 1984 the value added 
future of the people of Califor- “awakened Americans to the front the w orld, . title—“The Rabbit Brothers.” | Gapairn © products and processes, and by manufacture for these indus- 
nia concern the people of New | oneness of the world, to the in- On hand to take part were | This thoughtfulness fitted nicely agen Pt es and better ways of making tries was, shout $700 N00 000 
York. Our thinking in the fu- ae Dag ees of all that occurred | Mrs. Wendell Willkie, Mr. and |into the climate which Wendell Caro Patt 2 a using old products.” : ’ esa a 
ture must be worldwide.” in it: for instance. the effect upon | Mrs. Philip Willkie, and a little Willkie had done so much to pro- | Carpen S 24 hy ope ogy the survey, about Projects Described 
Continuing, Mr. Justice War- | our foreig n policy and peace five-year-old—Wendell Willkie |‘ mote, New Ean ; a ate 000 spent in Describing current research 
ren asked: “Heresy? Yes, it was |e ——_—_—_——_ $e research yr davelon — On projects designed to help revital- 
heresy then: to his party and va | by arivate ieedheahehion frauen thein ize New England's white pine 
to the people of great sections Own operating budgets. The and spruces growth and to — 
of our country. But it was also. ‘. remainder represents federal in mae o ge pgp 
prophetic.” champ Oil | “| government spending through their necessity f r th a ty 
Supporting this appraisal, the | | Checker Cab % research-and development con- |} - New Ex 5] a — are 
Chief Justice quoted President | By Max K. Gilstrap [situation makes it a national Skid Row, the street of the for- | Chemw .20¢ — % | tracts, ‘. sna wh wilt went palate arene 
Eisenhower’s words: “For one Chier of the Central News Pureau of | problem. It should be attacked | gotten in Chicago is shocking in Bo wet 9 A ge “Of course, the results of of Girantities Bee snateetad: » 
truth must rule all we think The Christtan Sctence Monttor not only by the cities and states | its degradation and scope. There | CMSPAP1%4e | So. PR Sus | these research studies are hay-. The banie’s: report conchides® people can ” Chicag6 -but@-by the natron just as it ew is~afeeting of unreality in “tre | aesekes 2 eas *SouCalEdis 240 1 ’ ing, and will continue to have, with a description of the cone- 
live to itself alone. The unity i te te ek & ian tacks the problem of drought spectacle of the daily police |cirFin240 § 9 reese 5.00 : ; % Strong leverage on the sales of stantly expanding economic re« 
of all who dwell in freedom is. ° 558. eh wi Ro *'and other national disasters. pickup of men drunk on cheap | Cities 8vc2.40b us — Be rt , ,, these research-minded manu- search and development work 
their only ‘sure defense.” is a state of mind. It is not only |What is found here is human wine: the daily appearance of } nae x way : ) a RY 41 S34 « } *, facturers,” the bank comments. | carried on jn terms of the region 
Deiehnitie Views a city problemailt-is also +t state Gisaster in tts oe aot — more than 100 of these men be- qols i | 1, : PerrvRd 80 New Products Lead in Sales and ‘its States and individual 
and national problemi. um effect is to weaken the fab- fore a lenient judge and the |Goio re irrt 250 +5 ceareee In the communications equip- communities. 
Wage oo rtecige wg on a Major Roland Quinn offered ric of our nation. oer ese of most of them to ve ere 6 8 ; , StdOilCad 45e aie industry, alone, the survey According to a survey cone 
r. Justice arren found otner ¥ . - ic ow a... ! . StdOInd1.40> idicates Vi : Pid ank . J ; 
Willkie sentiments which time these thoughts earnestly as he Outlook Called Key Occasionally daily newspapers | Gonttres 300s de, dan ben = StdOohio? ‘ab 1985 ontea. te hag FA py England” Seonel g Boo, e 
has proved prophetic. “Wendell sat in his office at the Harbor As Major Quinn spoke, crowds conduct crusades to clean out ey oh '* | StdRYEG “42 from products which had been several hundred organizations 
Willkie did not live to witness Light Center on Chicago’s Madi-* of fhomeless men with vacant Chicago’s Skid Row. The State | Con Copp 1.60 oes 80b developed only since 1945. In which are concerned today with 
the organization of the United son Street. This is “the bottom” shabbity— dressed. of Illinois’ Alcoholic Commission os ae +o StevensJP1' the nonelectrical machinery, the economic development of 
Nations. But he foresaw the of Skid Rowdom. according to a abbily dresse has made a study of conditions | Goncuw pwd co StewWarg> transportation equipment, in- some geographic segment of 
great need for it. When the |consensus of the 25.000 human | Staggering from the influence of | to determine a course of action. tt ede struments, chemical, and indus- |New England. Ninety of these, 
world was engrossed with pas- |derelicts who gather here from | alcohol shuffled past the window | There has been talk that the) ee BY ly SylvEIPd2 : 3 trial electrical equipment in- including the largest, employed 
sionate warfare and blind with | all over the nation. along Madison Street, Wander- | City of Chicago plans to furnish Sees OS aoe emeaee oe Cyggpele 561. 56% dustries, more than :45 per cent ' the equivalent of 828 full-time 
rage, he preached the doctrine Recently helping to bring Chi- ing aimlessly. the men appeared municipal housing for the Skid } Coop 1 Bess 2'% TexGPd 600xd 3444 24) of sales were in products that persons, and spent $8,800,000 in 
that when we are at war we (cago’s Skid Row into public g aimilessiy, wie men appes Row people to alleviate the con- | Copper Rng I ib a éxva are new since 1945. 1955. 
must prepare for peace focus. some 10.000 members of comforted somewhat by the fact) ditions. There is a surge of | Golden Pet tae hare dace yew: sugrend's three largest Copies of the annus! report, 
In the audience at Freedom ‘the United Church Women of that they are in company with) police activity presently under | Crane Co2 F aoaecheee ea manufacturing employers, the featuring how “Research Shapes 
_ouse-were-many- noted figures; Greater...Chicago... submitted... o¢here--in’ the same” deplorable’ Way; fehowing the Grimes mur~ CES ase report points’ out, -are United New Engiand’s Economy,” may 
Two such. who heard these sen- | resolution to Mayor Richard J. cituation. Their chief intent is | ders, to enforce regulations in uc St Aircraft, General Electric, and be secured without charge from 
timents with the understanding | Daley asking that sordid condi- | to lose themselves mentally and 



Raytheon Manufacturing Com- the Federal Reserve Bank of 
pany, and they also are the re- | Boston, 30 Pear! Street. 

TV Makers Sean 
riting on Wall 

A Window on Wall Street 

| . : saloons with respect te serving Cuaske me 
bred of deep personal experi- tions there be eradicated. rhe physically from society and its minors. abe has 20¢ 
ences, were Ralph: J. Bunche womens action, follcwing the) frustrations. Perhaps the most encourasns ar mn Ro 1 dob 
and Paul Hoffman, ECA pioneer Questioning of witnesses in con- “While nearly all of these men | aspect of the Skid Row picture | Decca Rec 1 
and international businessman. | Mection with the Grimes Mur- | on the streets drink,” said| 1s the comments in the progress 
Especially could Mr. Hoffman der riety is expected to rey een Major Quinn, “only aktout 10 Feporss of the Saivation Army. 
. » " . . = to ar , ‘ ‘ a . -_ . = 
agree with another Willkie view, 28° Similar action to eliminate per cent of them are alcohelics.| In these reports a record of the putsh. 
quoted by the Chief Justice: Skid Rows in other cities. case histories of each man striv~- Dome Min 20a 
‘ Ro sds . "eo: ‘ ‘ oug Airc 2a 
“It is inescapably true that to weather pend magpie ete font 
raise the standard of living of 10qu He Dw Chm 1.206 
any man anywhere in the world human struggles going on. Here Dress $nd 1.80 
is to raise the standard of liv- are a few improvements noted 
“ala a Saga . eihates wn : by individuals experiencing ref- 
mg Dy aemne signs mare of |have made some efforts, accord- ormation under "tha Salvation 
OD ewes 
ee a everywhere in the ing to Major Quinn, mainly _Army program: i 
'¢ ee - : Yt ' - : ; ~~ * . E { é 
F T ib t by j it along the line of conducting | | és ‘Less temptation, clower to fw he ‘a 
TIOESS OF. SAVES etudiee to eradicate” these | Fhey have degenerated mentally anger, stronger intention to re= | EI PasoNG! 30 
There was also a voice raised | .,...... 9 and their present companionship | main in grace, and to be a bet~_ B! Paso NG 
f streets of forgotten men. But the ; Emer Rad 
in tribute to Mr. Willkie .by a over-all picture, despite inter- and surroundings reflect their) ter man. ..,. More satisfied with gq john 2 
; 3 mre : ’ . : " 2 . 7 . wae Yio : oni 
Republican whose achievements mittent improvements is stil] ap- thinking. It’s our purpose here my  tieeae Less nervous and shading om 
are winning him more and more palling. to help those who turn to us_ less temper. ... Outlook and at- Reossiare 1 30 
attention in the current political “ why I say that Skid voluntarily to change their out-' titude better... . More spiritual Faire Mri. 
: hi “hi < " . 1PEM.. 89 : : , . ; > - ao acti , orr ‘aire Lat 
scene... hich the Chief. Justice | pow-ic-a- national problem.” Ma= ook—which is -the--main - pre Satisfaction, less worry. er Not a es 
has left behind. jor Quinn waved his hand to-| requisite to putting them back | taking God's name in vain, not Fedd Quig 1 
This was Senator Jacob K./ ward a map of the United States | Into norm ial society. smoking for seven weeks. eee ay hy 80b 
% ’ “apes ; . Sol S ‘ : < he have | Fed DS 1.60 
Ja\ its ol New y Ol K. VA ho had on the wall. It was darkened Here at the Harbor Lig ht C en- wove;r, Happie! t an l rave been Firstone 2.60a 
come up from Washington, where | with black pins that centered | ter with a beckoning lighthouse for some time. . Greater love A gt aed re 
he is taking part in the “great around Chicago and the indus-| Mounted atop it, ill, destitute, for fellow man. . Greater IN= | Food Fair 1b 
debates” on the Middle East.'trial Midwest and East. but| and miserable men can find free | terest in Bible reading. ... Less Food Mach 2. 
Thea . ' . : - “mY 7. . law ’ 7; ic . abe , ; ord Mot Z 
rhe vigorous young senator | fanned out all the way. to both; food four times a day with no difficulty ood ok with others Forem Dair 1b 
lauded Mr. Willkie as “the po- | oceans. questions asked. If they can Think of the Lord more, less | Fost Whel 1.60 
litical father of that concept “The 150 men we cared for Make a good endugh tase for self-centeredness. ... Faith that FruehTr1.40b 
of international responsibility last week here at the center themselves they can get 60 o1 
which is so fundamental to mod- we re from 38 states. It is not to ‘0 cents for a sleeping 
ern Republicanism.” overlook the occasional efforts W1th 

my prayers are being answered.” | GSoriel.60 
cubicle a : GenAmIndust 
chicken wire over the top Big Task Remains GenamIn3 43¢ 
The senator would “bear wit-.made—-here-and—other places to_in_one of Madison Street's cheap Any he lp offered -to rid Chi- GenDyn 
ness-te-the-lasting~ value ofthe rehabilitate “these~untortunate’ hotels:-Orif-they wish "to begin’ cago “and “other cites “ot thre” : 
Willkie contribution to the po- people, to say that the nature,| the trail back to normal society, stigma of Skid Rows stands in GenMotors2 
lit ical sphere—an area with ' scope and seriousness of this they can renounce drinking, wait: sharp contrast to the enormous | G¢PeCrm1 308 

. GenPree2 40 
—_$_______ ——$—$$______—— ——------—---—-—-—=-=. their. turn-and get.on. the Sal-. job yet needed to be done; Some | GenPubUtt.90 
vation Army program, 

| beginnings have been made here | Hp, ok angie 
-and-in~such cities: as New York” GenShoel?, 

with its greatly reduced Bowery | Gen Tell.60 



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Surveys Conducted 
The city and state here and 
elsewhere across the country 

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By Vartanig G. Vartan 

Special Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 

New York | David Sarnoff, board chairman 
The day will come, electronic; of RCA, has disclosed that his 
researchers say, when Ameri-|company last year lost nearly 
cans can sit in their living rooms seven million dollars on its 
and watch television im. the form; pioneering. efforts. im-color: TV: 
of a large, virtually flat screen' But, as he observed, “this is 
on the wall. certainly a reasonable expendi- 
But today, as the TV industry ture to lay the foundation for a 
Wodwrd Ir 1 60 big. gr ae e | business that omises substan- 
Wolworth 2! its second decade, the promises § an 
Wothngtn tsb 1 S84. Sf. a | handwriting on the wall deals tial profits in the near future.” 
YeutBhaTi vee 10 163%. 101% 103% with more immediate problems, | _ ag Sarnoff announced RCA's 
tUnit of trading ten shares or sales such as rising costs, supply and OT = 1997 = follows e 
io fe demand, and the delicate engi- _ 10 produce and sell 250,000 
color sets, to double the number 

"Rates of dividends in the foregoing neering of consumer wants. ape e Bn 
ual disburs ya se. mrecideni Of color programs on the air... 
Benjamin Abrams, president 


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Whdsr Ind .10e 
Winn Dixie .84 
Wise El Pw 1.60 
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the last quarteriy or semi-annual dec- — : - thare 
_laration, Uniess otherwise noted. special of Emerson Radio and Phono- er nye vgn oe amare id the 
or extra dividends are not included graph Corporation, has gone so industry to enter the field. : 

a—Also extra or extras. b—Annya) | . 7 - <2 Between. the autumn of 1955, 
rate plus stock dividend d—Deciared far as to forecast a culback b) 

Oe PAIS in 1957, plus oe GN IGEng. _mnakers..ofbleck-and-white-seis« when RCA’ brought out its jen 
€—Paid last Fear. 1 pavabre , EN ‘inch sets in’ compatible color, 
during 1957, estimated cash value on Over the coming month and the end of 1956, the com- 

ex-dividend or ex-distribution date. ze— , : 

Detlared or paid so far this vear Heavy Inventory Noted pany sold and delivered 102,000 

h—Deciared or paid after stock dividend “The mdustrv in Janwiarv pro- units. Total factory billings for 
duced 25 per cent more black- these sets were estimated at 58 

split up. k—Declared or waid this 
year, an accumulative issue with Civi- nll ee 

and-white ~ Yecéivers” than if Million’ dollars. 
dividend omitted. deferred or no action «oid ” he declared. “At the end 


al - 
2 os &, 

: : dends in arrears.” Pp—Paid this vear. 
Jobs Aid Provided 

DW Ow ws em WwW WwW 

Under: this rehabilitation pro=- 
gram the men-are provided with 
meals, garments, transportation, 

-and- Detroit where the’ Mayor's 
| Rehabilitation 
i Skid Rew- Problems 

Committee on 
Michigan State Board of Alco- 

‘Gerber Pri.60 

Beorky Oiul2d*«t 
Gillette 2a 
Gimbell 40 


taken at last dividend meeting. r—De- 

' elared or paid tm 1956 plus stock divi- 
_dend. t—Payable in stock during 1956. 
_estimated cash value on ex-dividend 

or ex-distribution date. y—Liquidating 

of thé@ month ‘there were in the 
»+00.000 more “sets than “at the 

manufacturers aione 

same time last year.” 

Unusual. Procedure. 
The frank disclosures by Mr. 

Sarnoff were made to enlighten ~~ 

both the public and competing 
He acknowledged that “it is 


one of the 150 cots in a large holism have joined to sponsor 

room upstairs, day-labor jobs, an Internationa] Institute on the 

and even permanent employ- Homeless Alcoholic. 

ment if they prove themselves The Skid Row problem still, | % 
sufficiently. They may also ap- however, remains a largely un- Geevienné § 
ply for summer camp. In a six- | solved situation. It is becoming | Grum 42 

One of the chief reasons for 
the current uncertainty in sales. 

Dividends Declared Mr. Abrams'‘said, is wrapped up 

Company Div On Record Pay. in color TV unusual for a private corpo- 
Increased ; 

Am Chicle .75 , 3-11 “There is no real interest in Tation engaged in a highly- 
New Amsterdam Cas os 3-1 color television now,” he said COmpetitive enterprise to dis- 
irr fs : sea: - . F i . —— . og 
+ ai b asteetets et hg ar flatly. “Still the public thinks it close figures relatirig va a new 
113% 112 | Reduced is just around the corner, as far, Segment of its business. 
we Ae St L San Fr Ry vi talel 15 as being in the mass-market Tremendous costs are in- 
a n . ; . oo : ‘ ‘ 
price range is concerned, and VoOlved in the development of 
will not buy black-and-white color television. These range 
receivers except at bargain from. improving the products 
-28 prices.” and televising techniques..:o0 
- Within the industry there ex- training personnel and promot- 
ists wide disagreement on the 
subject of video's brightest rising the . 
star, the color TV set. Some of- pioneers believe; lead ulti~- 
ficials think the public wants;™ately to black ink on the 
color TV in a big way: others be- balance shect. 
lieve in soft-pedaling the costly Modest Profit Expected 
push into color. : 
Sales of color sets totaled ‘Barring unforeseen circume- 
around 150,000 units in 1956. stances,” the RCA~head stated, 
“we expect to earn on this vole 

T is well under the target 
A papot of some industry leaders ume (the current year’s goal of 
250,000 color sets), during the 

year ago. 
second half of 1957, a modest 

— | 

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Amp Inc .12'2 
Miehle Goss Dexter 37%, 
Walt Disney Prods .10 


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MacMillan&Bloedei B 20 


Union Metal Mfg 5 per , 

Aetna Std Engin 37's @ 
Black Siv&€Bry 3750 
brown Forman Dist 20 @Q 

do pf 10 Q@ 

Carpenter Paper 40 
City Auto Btampe 30 Q 


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Compatible Telecasting 

The industry has succeeded in profit on the color sets and color 
making color and black-and- tubes we sell, 
white telecasting compatible “Thereafter, profits from op- 
Now the big job is making the erations in all branches of color 
'public’s taste compatible with TV should be substantial.” 
'the purchase of a color receiver.| Informed industry sources 

The leading advocate of color |say there’s a good chance this 
television is ‘Radio Corporation year of doubling the 1956 sales 
"14,0f America, whose National of color sets. 
“15 | | Broadcasti ompany subsidi- And by. 1959, it is estimated 
9.17/ ary now « offers drama, the American public may well 
do 12- 2 12-16 | sports, and the weather in color. be buying as many as one mil- 
Walgreen Co40 2 srs 2-1: acts To offset the climbing costs of lion color receivers annually. 

labor and materials, RCA re- Over the long run, prices will 



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25 Q 
Ohio Power 4‘ pc pf 1.12% q 
| Riege! Paper 30 @ 

Rieke Metal Prods 20 

Serrick Corp A 23 @ 

do B 25@ 

| Signal OL 4&Gas A&B 15 Q 
Storer Brdcaste 45 @ 

| doB 06Q 

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month period.5,796 men came increasingly obvious that>such eens 3 oe 
here to the center for counsel- human blights will continue to Ham Pap lied 
ing, social, and medical service.| sap the nation’s vitality until HaTe.W 7% 
Besides the Harbor Light they are given attention on the Here Pdr 90h 
Center, the men also can find highest level and eradicated. pereen © ry 
refuge in church-sponsored shel- Slacnasik 1 dba 
ters. They are assisted in gain- One of a series by Mr. ere Houd Ind i 
ing employment by the, AMEE sere = ~~ " a Howe Sadi 20 
can Legion and Alcoholics An- | . aes WY | Hupp Cp ‘et 
onymous and other groups. They Mpeae iment Votec eet 
are accepted in the county hos- a. c : H | Inland Stl te 
pital free of charge. y vCOrgia OUBSE Inspir Cop - 
Major Quinn arose and took By is pce ae Debss Mc ohi Yellow Cab Ai, 
us on a short tour of Harbor Clark Equir 509 
Light Center. His assistant, Atlanta nt Nick 2.60a Aang: eS Riding 
Frank Stillwell, had just re- A resolution calling for 1mM-~ ‘Int Pack ‘se Cons Pap Cp Lid 409 
turned from investigating a case Peachment of six justices of the ~ ror ie ee po paw te 
outside. A man and woman, United States Supreme Court has | Jacobs Lamsoné&Sessions .45 Q 
counselor in separate booths been passed by the Georgia | jones dan 4 7%, 48! tution ifalbales 65 @ 
were interviewing Skid Row ap- | House and sent to the Senate de- | Joy Mfg 2.40a Morgan, Henry Ltd 184 Q 
plicants for the Salvation Army spite a member's protest that pemecer Ml Mt Vern Mills pe 16 
program. In a small chapel a| “we're making ourselves ridicu- | KerncLd2e | Neiman Marcus pf 1.06% @ 
group of men had assembled lous before the world.” « Porek te oe op | Price Bros .75 Q 
quietly for one of several daily It was approved Feb. 18 by a Korvette | 
religious services. Down in the’ slim margin of four votes, with | Kresses$).00 
basement men stood and ate !57 members not voting. The roll- 
from plastic bowls on long, high call count was 107 to-33. A con- 
tables where meals are served stitutional majority of 103 was | 
four times daily. necessary for passage. 
P Sh d The resolution, drafted by Ate} 
urpose onarpene torney General Eugene Cook, 
| An impressive testament to charged “high crimes and mis- 
the rehabilitation work of the demeanors” to Chief Justice of 
center is the fact that all but the United States Ear! ee EE ft. 
four workers here were former,and Associate Justices Black, ‘cently had to increase prices on come down as production goes 
Skid Row derelicts. In the Douglas, Reed, Frankfurter, and Megathon 140 World Bank Bonds three of its 10 TV color sets be- up. It's one of the happy fowe 
opinion of some of the reformed Clark. Marine Mid 90 ; i 1 Bid askeg tween $45 and $50. Furthermore, of mass production. This was 
'men, the interest taken in them Representative Raymond Reed MatinoL1.60b 24 : , Int Bnk R&Dev NC 3448 58 100.16 101 the company said, increases may the pattern in black-and-white 
by the Salvation Army workers spoke out against what he called Masonite 1.20 Int Bnk R & Dev 228 59 98. *. comie on all its models by next sets. 
'and the mental peace and pur- “a far-fetched resolution based | ee hae 10 $116 summer. Admiral Corporation, for exe 
| pose they gained at the religious on “unreasonable, unfounded Merck ia 23 + ’ Unaffected by the price boosts, ample, sold its first 10-inch re- 
‘services were the things that evidence.” Ree y age 98.16 however, was RCA’s least ex- ceivers in 1947 for $350. Today, 
'were most helpful in their re-. ghf-34 | pensive..color..model.-This stil -it- offers -a@ inch -portable— ~~~ 

Watch Also the Regular Hotel and Travel Pages Midle SUt1.60 
_covery, ges. based .mainlyon-rulings:| Mission es 60 ; __riees } quoted is Aellars and. thirty | — a suggested price tag of ee model with many semtaans 
C—non . - 

‘on Tuesdays and es 

+i+4+ +1411 

The resolution made several | Mision 8 “tf 1 
| Even for one familiar with | in sedition and segregation cases. MoKanTex 1 callable —for as low as $90. 

¢ a 


pe a 


——— onereeveneltes er - 

a er nee 


oe ee 


oben mo See Sree <>; 

Non errons Me ta ls. 

eSmelter Firm Facilities 

Extend Around Globe 

“Currently the American Smelting and Refining Company 
ranks among the 50 largest corporations in America and is rated 
the largest custom smelter in the world. In order to show its 

~veaders the important tontribution which such a company makes 
to the economy, The Christian Science Monitor has invited Roger 

W. Straus.. chairman of the board, 
articles about ASARCO. In these articles, 

to write a series of three 
Mr. Straus discusses 

the present and future of the nonferrous metals industry and the 
role which his company is playing in this field. This is the first 


By Roger W. Straus 

Chairman. American Smelting and Refining Company 

Written for The Christian Science Monitor 

New York 

I am often asked how 
ASARCO, which is among the 
50 largest corporations in 
America, has remained so little 
known since it was formed in 

The answer is a simple one: 
relatively few. people ever see 
or buy a product made by 
American Smelting and Refining 
Company. Yet every American, 
and a large percentage of the 
people throughout —the free 
world daily use items which had 
their beginnings in the mines, 
smelters, and _ refineries of 

We are metals men. From 30 
mines and 40 smelting and refin- 
ing plants in the United States, 
Canada, Central America, South 
America, and Australia. 
ASARCO produces an important 
percentage of the world’s supply 
of basic nonferrous metals... 
lead, zinc and copper. 

Because we have so little con- 
tact with the buying public, we 
are often considered an exam- 

in research, exploration. devel- 
opment, and new facilities; that 
we plan to spend at least that 
much again over the next dec+ 
ade: that the character of our 
business is changing rapidly 

along a carefully managed pian} 

for the future: and that we are 
considered an 
source of metallurgical process 
and application research infor- 

ASARCO is the largest custom 
smelter in the world today. We 
take large tonnages of ore from 
nines owned by others; smelt 
them and return the refined 
metal: or retain. the product for 
sale through our own facilities. 
Our company was created pri- 

‘marily for this useful purpose. ; 

But today a growing proportion 
of our income is derived from 
raw materials and products) 
mined at ASARCO properties | 
and produced in ASARCO refin- 

Over 30,000 Workers 

It takes more than 30,000 peo- 


ee Oe 


- aE “eee 

authoritative || 


Cal-Pictures o- 

Casting One-Ton Blocks of Refined Lead at Selby. 

valves - aad other | 
necessary for the production of 
modern chemicals. 

The future of lead in an age | 
when atomic power is common- | 
The | 
the most economical 

place appears assured. 
metal is 
available protection 
gamma rays, 

ated by 


atomie reactions. 

radioactive, most reactors built 

‘today rely on it to shield oper- | 

ating personnel. 

weapons and ornaments, is most 
valuable today because it is, 

next. to precious silver, the best. 

metallic conductor of electricity. 

equipment | 

which are gener- | 
Be- | 
cause lead is the densest of all | 
readily available materials, and. 
because it does not itself become | 

historically used for | 

bs i British Trade 

By Philip Whitcomb 

Special Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 

The practical problems of 
“free trade areas” and “common 

markets” are arousing the same. 

confusion and fear in Europe to- 
day as they did along the At- 

lantic seaboard of America two | 
}eenturies ago. | 
The confusion might be dis- | 
good | 
economic geography and a spe-| 
‘cial glessary of the new terms 

pelled by studying ’.a 

which are being employed. 
Even in the Old World itself 

few realize that Europe could | 

create a unity of population and 
resources equal to that of either 
the United States or the Soviet 
Union. The right kind of maps 
would make that obvious 

Simple definitions of economic | 
‘terms now being used are even 
harder to find than good maps. | 

What on earth is the difference 

between the “free trade area” 
demanded by Britain, and the 
*“Euromarket” of the six nations? 
What is “restricted free trade in 
non-national products?” What is 
“controlled national flow of 
agricultural products?” The man 
in the street is confused. _ 
Fears of the new plans_ find 

expression in questions asked by 

ito rely 

nations, industries, and individ- 
ual companies. ““Wi]l we become 
a non-agricultural industrial 
country—or nonindustrial agri- 

Will we be forced 
on other countries for 

| goods, essential in both war and 

(home even 

peace, which we now produce at 
though uneconom- 


Alarms Raised 

ay Big ‘Silent’ Role in Constant-U, = Items — 

The Business Day 

The market continued downward this afternoon. in dull. trading 
with pivotal issues down from fractions to around a point 
and some losses lower. After an irregular opening, a tendency 
toward the downside occurred, but Wall Street observers said 
this was a readjustment after last week’s sharp fall and rise. 
Some unfavorable corporate news and the newest copper price 
cut tended to discourage buying. Prices were mixed in slow 
trading on the American Stock Exchange. 

An increase of 210,901 barrels 4 day in crude 6il production for 

March as compared with February has been 

ordered by the 

Texas Railroad Commission. Purpose of the increase Will be to 
take the place of slowed ‘Mideast oil delivery since the recent 

crisis. Texas oil authorities have agreed to the: increase, 


vided it does not produce waste, and provided transportation 
is available to Gulf of Mexico ports and on ships. to Europe. 

Plymouth Rubber Company, Inc., of Canton, Mass.. 
doubled its net profit for the 53 weeks ended Dec. 1, 

more than 

After taxes it totaled $917,004 GF $1.05 per share, as compared 

with $462,905, or 51 cents per share the previou@ year. 


sales for the fiscal year increased to °18,348,580, a gain of 9 pet 
cent over net sales of $16,799,184 a year ago. 
Kennecott Copper Corporation, the nation’s largest copper pro- 


joined Phelps Dodge Corporation in cutting its price 

by 2 cents to 32 cents a pound. Anaconda Company, the third 

largest producer, 

has not announced any 
32-cent price compares with 46 cents a year ago, 
lowest producer price since January, 

change yet. The 
and is the 
1955, at w hich time cop- 

per rhoved from 30 to 33 cents a pound, 

provides a_ series 
stages,. extending 

of planned 

through 12 to 15 years, to enable 

costs, subsidies, and _ social 
charges to be gradually equal- 
ized between the six countries. 

Euromarket might be com- 
pared to a lake covermg an 
area formerly held by six sepa- 
rate owners. The protecting dam 
is of exactly the same height all 


originating within the free trade 
area arfad therefore not subject 
to tariff and restriction. Such an 
examination, it is suggested, 
could be made on the strength 
of certified documents. The 
committee -reports that 
such a plan is practical, 
Possible, But .. , 
In this age of electronic cal- 

an o 
sources of supply, and because 

: ave xt 
-s Sr 

ies ‘Tangle Euromarket — 

—~@ ‘for the Euromarket planners. 

But because the tendency in 
n market would be toward 
evelopment of the cheapest 

living costs would therefore-be-- 

eased rather than worsened, the 

political experts of the six na- 
tions, as contrasted with the eco- 
nomic experts, were-in the end 

Economy Expected 

A strong tendency developed 

‘to believe that freedom..would 

enable each area and each com- 
munity “to do what«it could do 

|the best, and to produce what it» 

could produce the cheapest, 

|This idea had been the key to 
‘the German propaganda appeals 

for a new Europe throughout the 

_four years.of. occupation inmost 

European countries, and though 
it had then been indignantly re- 
jected on emotional grounds the 
concept had lingered on. 
British insistence today that 
agriculture shall be an excep- 

tion to any enlarged free trade 

plan is not well received. 
Those who have been engaged 
in guiding the .Kuromarket idea 
through the thickets of the pub- 
lic mind during the last 10 vears 
do not, however, regard the 
British plan with alarm. They 
see it as a stage, made necessary 
by British self-esteem as well 
as by Britain’s special needs, in 
an inevitable move toward come- 
plete economic union in Europe, 


ple to operate the facilities of 
American Smelting and Refining 
Company. Their combined ef- 
forts enable us to produce about 
20 per cent of the world’s _sup- 
ply of refined lead; about 10 
per cent of the zinc; an increas- 
ing percentage of copper; more 
than 40 per cent of the world’s 
silver: and important amounts of 
goid, bismuth, cadmium, ger- 
manium, indium, thallium, and 

These men 

Entire industries, hitherto 
shielded by quotas and tariffs, 
fear extinction. Individual com- 
panies, mistrusting plans for 
“re-adaptation” to other activ- 
ities and transfer to other areas, 
fear comovetition. 

Confusion and fear had, in 
fact, been receding steadily as 
the Six Nations Euromarket 
came closer to realization; it was 
‘the report, on Feb. 5, of the 
'OEEC committee appointed last 
July to study the British pro- 
~posal~-for a free-trade” area, 
which started the worriers 
worrying again. 

The Euromarket plan is spe- 
cific. The OEEC report is a study 
of possibilities, rather than a 
plan. The difference in back- 
ground needs to be explained. 

Euromarket is still expected 
to reach an almost final accept- 
ance at the end of February. It 
was planned by the six nations 
who are sometimes -known as 
“little Europe’: France, Belgium, 
West Germany, Italy, Holland, 
and Luxembourg. 

The Organization for Euro- 
pean. Economie Cooperation 
(which makes the new sugges- 
tions for a free trade area) 
includes, in addition to the 
six’ nations; Austria,’ Denmark, 
Greece, Iceland,: Ireland, Nor- 
wav, Portugal, Sweden, Switzer- 
land, Turkey, and the United 

The OEEC was formed under 
Marshall Plan inspiration. Its 
headquarters are in Paris at 
the Chateau de la Muette where 
representatives of all member 
nations are in continuous ses- 
sion: United States. and Cana- 
dian observers are present. Its 
documentary work is thorough 
and brilliantly done, and the 
conclusions reached and recom- 
mendations made are regarded 
‘as atithoritative’ by all the 177 
member nations. It has, of 
course, no executive power. 

Six-Nation Plan 

The —six-nation ~Euromarket 
plan was worked out by a spe- 
cial group of experts under the 
control of their six foreign min- 
isters. Euromarket resembles the 
plan evolved by the British 
colonies in America as they de- 
veloped into the United States, 
for the simple reason that the 

round, and the water is let in 
or out under a common control. 
In other words, there will finally 
be no barriers between the six, 
but all tariffs and quotas and 
all international agreements for 
trade between the six-nation 
group and the rest of the world 
will be joint and unified. 

The British conception of a 
free trade.area for all the 17 
nations as studied in the new 
OEEC report is not the same. To 
continue the lake simile, the. 
Euromarket six-nation lake 
would be combined with an- 
other lake belonging to the re- 
maining 11 nations. The Euro- 
market nations could make any 
trade and tariff regulations they 
wished in dealing with the rest 
of the world, but their trade 12 
wou!ld be free and unrestricted 
with the other 11 OEEC nations 
with one highly complicated pro- 

British Ties Noted 

The British are bound 
series. of preferential trade 
agreements with Commonwealth 
and other nations..and they be- 
lieve that these agreements can- 
propose that the height of the 

dam around the OEEC supple- 
mentary lake shall be left to 
each individual nation. Som« 
will build it high, some low. 
Some may prefer to have no dam 
at all. 

The essential difficulty which 
would arise was obvious. Sup- 
pose, for example, that Portugal 
thought that it would be an ex- 
cellent idea to remove all tariffs 
and restrictions on the importa- 
tion of motor cars and washing 
machines from the United States. 

Portuguese importers ...could 
buy unlimited. quantities 
prices far below those possible 
in, say, France or Britain, 

Such an upheaval in trade 
could be prevented, the OEEC 
report suggests, by examining 
every item which crosses a na- 
tional boundary to see whether 
it was in fact entirely the prod- 
uct of the country from which 
it was at that moment arriving; 
or in case it had been made ol 
materials or parts from the out- 
side world, to what percentage 
its value could” be certified as 

—— — ae 

culators and cybernetic devices, 
opponents of the OEEC 
tions admit, anything 
done. But they argue that 
torrent of new calculations and 
certiticates and a staff of new 
examiners are not quite wna! 
they meant by free trade. 

Two, further complications ap- 

pear in the OEEC report anda 
are being vigorously discussed. 
One of them, generally accepted 
as being plain common sense, is 
that exactly the same timetable 
of phases in the removal of 
tariffs and restrictions and 
equalization of costs and condi- 
tions, must be applied to the 11 
nations as is provided for the 
six nations in the Euromarket 
-to-l5-year plan. 
The other ee plication is far 
more serious. British spokesmen 
have said that they cannot allow 
the inclusion of agricultural and 
food products; it is even. sug- 
gested that there must be sepa- 
rate provision for each kind of 
product and each country. 

Agricultural exchanges had 
already been a difficult problem 


A mutual investment fund 
seeking possible growth of 
principal and income primarily 
through diversified investments 
in selected common stocks. 

Managed by 



ple of industrial conservatism. 
It is probably true to say that 
we are conservative in many 
ways. For example, we believe 
in a sound financial foundation 
for our operations. And we are 
not primarily merchandising 
people, although we reach the 
public through Revere Copper 
and Brass, Incorporated and 
General Cable Corporation, in 
which we hold a large minority 

~But-a better indication of our 
business philosophy and our at- 
titude toward the future is the 
fact that we have spent $163,- 
000,000 during the past 10 years 

. . 
Stock E fail as ges 

To Close F eb. 2 22 

By the Associated Press 
New York 

Financial and commodity 
markets throughout the United 
States will be closed Washing- 
ton’s Birthday, Feb. 22. 

Various livestock reports 
will be available as usual. Ca- 
Madian and European markets 

. WHE be open, 

Miles of cable and wire; and | 
billions of electrical connections | 
made to copper serve every | 
phase of industry. : 

Zine has excellent castability 
and fine resistance to atmos- 
pheric corrosion, so hundreds of 
thousands of tons are used an-| 
nually for.die casting of mass- 
produced ornamental or working 
parts. Most of the control de- 
vices on your automobile are 
zine die castings plated to give 
them-a—more handsome appear- 

So are the handles on your 
household appliances; the zip- 
pers on your clothing’ important 
working parts of your vacuum 
cleaner. Additional hundreds of 
thousands of tons are used by 
the steel. industry to galvanize 
strip, sheet, and finished prod- 
ucts so that normal contact with 
atmosphere will not cause them 
to rust away. 

sugec = 
can be 

$14,000 A YEAR 
.NOW | AM 

By a Wall Street Journal 

A few years ago I was going broke 
on $9,000 a year. High prices and 
taxes were getting me down. I had 
to h more money or reduce my 
standard of living. 

So I sent. $6 for a Trial Subscrip- 
tion ta The Wall Street Journal. 
I heeded its warnings. I cashed in 
on the ideas it gave me for increas+ 
ing my income and cutting ex- 
penses. I got the money I needed, 
And then I began to forge ahead. 
Last year my income was tip to 
$14,000. Believe me, reading The 
Journal every day is a wonderful 
get-ahead plan. Now I am really 
living ! ats fs 

This experience is typical. The 
Journal is a wonderful aid to sal- 
aried men making $7,000 te $20,000, 
It is valuable to the owner of a 
small business. It can be of price- 
less benefit to young men who want 
to win advancement. 

The Wall Street Journal is the 
complete business DAILY. Has 
largest staff of writers on business 
and finance. The oniy business 
paper served by all four big press 
associations. It costs $20 a year, 
but you can get a Trial Subscrip-. 
tin fer three Months for $6: Just” 
tear out this ad and attach check 
for $6 and mail. Or tell us to bill 
you. Address: The Wall Street 
Journal, 44 Broad St., New York 
4,N. Y. CSM-2-19 


board of 
and Re- | 

Reeve Williams 

Chairman of the 
American Smelting 
fining Company. : 


and women 
from every walk of life and 
from many countries in the 
globe. Mexicans are trained to 
become skilled miners and me- 
chanics: in Peru, natives of that 
country compose a majority of 
our personnel. We are conscious 
of the fact that the countries in 
which we have our foreign op- 
erations and subsidiaries often 
consider our policies and prac- 
tices symbolic of America as a 

Schools, housing and amuse- 
ment facilities, plus technical 
training at company expense, are 
integral parts of our foreign op- 
erations. Company facilities are 
sometimes the only one avail- 
policy is to conduct them on an 
unbiased level that will produce 
better citizens and better the 
reputation of the American eco- 
nomic system 

Although the use of the basic 
nonferrous metals is older than 
written history, nothing has been 
found to replace them in service 
to mankind. As teachnology im- 
proves, and as-new -sources. of 
power and new industrial tech- 
niques are developed, the non- 
ferrous metals become increas- 
ingly important. 

Lead Dates .From..Babylon 

For example, the metal tead, 
recorded as having been used to 
pave the Hanging Gardens of 
Babylon, is used in modern au- 
tomotive storage batteries and 
in tetraethyle gasoline. Another 
of ts primary industrial -uses is 
in the burgeoning. chemical in- 

Lead resists corrosion by many 
acids and alkalies, and so it 
makes the most efficient and eco- 
nomical lining for many chemi- 
cal storage and processing tanks: 
it is used for pipe to transport identical physical and chemical 

these corrosive liquids, and for Standards with primary metals. a loaf of bread for sandwiches. 

eine mmepaamido aoe Federated, the secondary Within a year or two we will 
meta.s are refined and alloyed be continuously casting copper 
into brasses, bronzes. aluminum cakes for rollin¢g-m?]] ise, 

ingot, type metal, and such in- weighing as..much —as -3,000- 
dustrial. products 25  S0lders,- pounds; This -teugh=pitch coppers 

(32 Huntington Avenue) 

| babbitts. and plating equipment. contains oxygen, and must be 
Alloy ingots from; ASARCO’s handled by an entirely different 



Federated Metals Division go to technique. Cooling these~ large 

‘loundries throughout the coun- copper cross sections from their 

,try where. they. are.-cast- into--moilten temperature of 2.200-de- 
Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 



shapes and forms; to develop 
items that will fill a specific in- 
dustrial need, 

Copper, which has been in use 
for thousands of years gives us 
a good example of how the press 
of competition can create better 
products, more conveniently 
packaged for industrial use. 
About 20 years ago, ASARCO 
perfected a process for contin- 
uously cast copper bars, Contin- 
uously cast copper has extraor- 
dinarily dense grain structure 
and is free from usual casting 
defects. There is little or no 

Scrap Reclaimed 

There is an interesting but lit- 
tle realized fact about the non- 
ferrous metals industry. It is 
that to meet industry’s demands 
for copper and lead we must use 
not only new metals, but we 
must reelaim from scrap- what- 
ever nonferrous metals are 
available. We can do this be- 
cause nonferrous metals are pe- 
culiarly permanent. While iron 
in most forms tends irresistibly 
to rust or return to the oxide 
condition in which it found, 
nonferrous metals do not rust 
or otherwise noticeably deteri- 
orate merely as a result of ex- 
posure to..atmosphere. -Copper 
pipe in usuable condition has 
been found in Egyptian tombs 
known to be 5,000 years old 

As a result, industry, city 
‘cellars, country barns, and back 
talleévs® contribute a considérable 
/ percentage of the required sup- | 
ply of nonferrous metals. Alum- 
inum pots and pans, brass 
candlesticks, machine-shop turn- 
ings are all essential to the non- 
ferrous metals producer. To re- 
Claim -the valuable ingredients in 
metals scrap, ASARCO. main- 
tains a separate division, the | 
Federated Metals Division, which 
has 14 plants in the United 
States and Canada 

Secondary metals, reclaimed 
from scrap, can be made to 

by a 

Copper Tubing Drawn 

Such technicalities may seem 
unimportant to the layman, but 
they assume economic signifi- 
cance to the producer of copper 
tubing, for example. There a 
single 100-pound copper bar, 48 
inches long, pierced and 
drawn through a series of stages 
until it becomes as much «as 
800 feet of %-inch tubing. 
Measurable differences in-den- 
sity, all too frequently -encoun- 
tered in conventional castings 
and caused by dirt and porosity, 
are responsible for high re- 
jects and high costs in the pro- 
duction: of such tubing 

Within the 
found ways 

is iS 

The § Barwich 


last 10 years. 
laboratories have 
of continuously 
casting many bronze alloys. We 
are not able to produce bronze 
rods, tubes and shapes, similar 
to extruded shapes ~~ (although 
these alloys cannot be success- 
fully extruded), tor a variety of 
industrial uses. Gears. bearings. 
and numerous other working 
parts can be cut. from long con- 
tinuously cast shapes. to the ex- needs were much the same. 

act part width desired, very The chief difference is that 
much as a housewife would slice — SEIT ARCS 7 fy AR eI 



Prospectus from your 

Aki sheby Hotel Investment Dealer or the above. 

See Your Travel Agent or 

Teletype PH 376 
Convenient Auto Parking Facilities 


b| FREIGHT... 




| Products familiar to us all. Brass grees to their solidification point 

,and. bronze appear in faucets and ‘must ‘be accomplished “in a mat-' 
‘Small fittings, in decorative ter of seconds, and is in itself. 
| Coors, Slalues, and the propeHers:an enermously. - conrplicated « 
lof ships, from pleasure craft to problem. 

isuperliners. From Federated People do not often think of 

come the metals or aluminum {the raw materials business in 

pistons and pressure cookers; any form as being highly com-. 
lamp bases, hardware and ma- petitive, except, perhaps, in 

chine parts; zinc dust for the price. But. fortunately for in- 

paint which protects great dustrial development, comve- 

bridges; the solder with’ which tition has had. and will! continue 

|&@ plumber seals a4 joint or a ga- | to have, a hand in the creation 

_rageman repairs a dented auto- of better materials and better, 

| mobile fender, the babbitt metals’ more economical ways of pro- 

on which railroad bearings turn. ducing them. 

Competition in Raw Materials ~ 
Most nonferrous metals are 
‘produced to rigid specifications 
and must meet specific per- | 
pe formance tests before they are 
acceptable to industry: but 
ASARCO spends millions of dol- 
| lars every year to improve the 
quality of its standard products: 
to provide them in more usuable 

‘AS 8313%3 

A mutual 
which supervises a diversified 
portfolio of common stocks 
selected for the possibility of 
long-term appreciation of prin- 
cipal and income. 



Boston - | 

There's recommended 

reading for Boston 

investors in the latest issue 

of Harris, Upham «& 

Co.'s ‘Market Review. 

This timely and easy-to- 

read research publication 

summarizes stock market 

activity each month. 

And, it always has valu- 

able information on se- 
#lected stocks for every 

thoughtful investor. So, 

send for your free copy of 

this month’s “Market 

Review" now—simply fill 

out and mail the attached 

coupon. There's no obligation, 

of course. 

q e . 

Ness Ss” i 
» HARRIS, UPHAM & cy? 

iS Members New York Stock diheninesitater? | 
‘3 | leading security ond commodity exchonges 

I 136 Federal Street, Boston 7, Mass. | 

Gentlemen: Please forward a free 
copy of your latest “Market Review.” 

JOS. W. BRENNAN, Eastern Traffic Mgr. 
Room 420, 500 Fifth Avenue, New York 36, New York 


Prospectua may be obtained from 
sap ens tnrestment dealere or 




New Yorx Los Anories 


In the Mutual Savings Banks 
of Massachusetts 

Bank Stocks 

Our analysis of the 1956 year-end reports of a group 
of outstanding banks is completed and now available. 
A copy will be sent free upon requests 

a | | 
Soviets Up Import 
Of Egypt Cotton 

By Reuters 

Cairo, Egypt 

The Soviet Union has been 
Egypt's biggest cotton custom- 
er during the present season, 
Finance Ministry statistics 

The Soviet Union has pur- 
chased 229,814 kantars (a kan- 
tar equals about 99 pounds) | hw 

this year, compared with 118,- Blyth & Co. eae 

789 kantars during the same 
period last year. ... 

Bg et cg has ‘bought 
ee wh eae a heresy _ New Yorn - Saw Francisco 

British purchases, which last Boston - PHILADELPHIA + 
season amounted to 114,359, Detroit ° MINNEAPOLIS * SPOKANE . 
: cropped ena nga a Sacramento + Pasapena ¢ San Disco + 

State a 1 | kantars compared with 297,603 , 
— —— bey yest, y 

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‘FEBRUARY 19, 1957 

By Constance Sharp Sammis 

Written for The Christian Science Monitor 

Pasadena, Calif. 

Roast armaditio, brotied agou- 

wild papayas—and fresh- 
baked bread every day! These 
were part of the balanced meals 
cooked by Peg Sperling on a 
camp stove in the depths of the 
Brazilian bush for 14 scientists 
from the Los Angeles County 
‘Museum and the. Brazilian Mu- 
seu Nacional during their 1956 



Peg is the valiant Mrs. Milton 
Sperling who planned, packed, 
actually cooked, and served two 
tons of food both in base and 
fly camps of this expedition. She 
turned out three tempting meals 
a day for three months to the 
distinguished party of ornitholo- 

gists, ichthyologists, botanists, 

entomologists, herbatologists, her 
husband and Dr. and Mrs. Mau- 

rice Machris. 

When friends of Dr. Machris 
heard he planned his third ex- 
pedition, this time to the interior 
m of Brazil, many of them wanted 

™ Machris asked Peg and Milt 
| Sperling if they knew of a cook 
expert with a camp stove, Peg 

go along. And, when Dr. 

answered quickly, “I am!” 

oo Just a Camp Stove 

- > 
x > F 

Peg Sperling By Camp Stove in Brazil’s Bush 

“Can you bake bread on a 
. camp stove?” Dr. Machris asked. 
| Peg assured him, be- 
~ fore she hurried home to study 

“T can,” 


Milt allowed that he could set 
up and take down a camp, and 
s could maintain trucks and elec- 
© trical equipment. 
™ change a truck tire,” he assured 
m™ Dr. Machris, before he took him- 
self to a garage to practice-on.a 
borrowed truck. He was glad he 
roads in the 
hard on 

did, for Brazilian 
bush are rough paths, 
the equipment they carried. 

- Milton Sperling is an execu- 
tive of the Richfield Oil Com- 
Both he 
wife are active com- 
Milt is a mem- 

pany in Los Angeles. 
and his 

munity workers. 

“Tl can even 

“Young Wife Baked Bread Daily on Camp Stove 

ber of the local Planning Com- 
mission and Peg an officer in 
the PTA. They have two chil- 


But both of them had enjoyed 
camping trips with the Sierra 
Club, and the lure of adventure 
was strong. Milt arranged for a 
leave from Richfield, and..Peg 
asked her mother to care for 
the children while they were 

The party left California 
March 18, 1956, and flew to 
Rio de Janeiro, then on to Sao 
Paulo. Peg had planned meals 
for two-week periods which she 
stowed in large ornithologist 
boxes, using three for each fort- 
night; On the return: trip home, 
these same boxes carried thou- 
sands of mounted butterflies and 

Food in Storage 

Dehydrated: potatoes, “soup, 
applesauce, chili beans, pack- 
aged cookie and cake mixes 
were some of the foods shipped. 

Peg baked bread every day 
in camp and used up the 150 
pounds of white flour they had 
sent to Brazil. They also bought 
200 pdbunds of boneless meat— 
filet mignon, roasts, hams, and 
bacon—in Sao Paulo and képt-it 
in the freezer they carried with 

Besides a jaguar or two, 
poison snakes, and termites that 
destroyed the wooden tent floors 
in one night, there were a few 
other inconveniences for Peg. 

She tried to cater. to each 
scientist’s likes and dislikes in 
food. The Brazilians were accus- 
tomed to rice and beans at least 
once a day but the North Ameri- 
cans balked at this diet. Peg 
compromised. Pies and cakes 
appeared regularly on the table. 
Cookies proved to be the natives’ 
greatest delight, but cake they 
would not eat. 

No matter how 

hot the 

. chickens. 

weather—and the daytime tem- 
perature ~ and © humidity “often 
soared so high that the sleeping 
tents were uninhabitable—the 
scientists wanted hot soup, meat, 
and mashed potatoes—‘“regular 
meals” for both lunch and din- 
ner. Peg remembers that while 
she .cooked..and..served.. these 
dishes, she used to dream nos- 
talgically of a cold crabmeat 
salad—a real “ladies luncheon.” 

Sleeping Tents 

Although the sleeping tents 
were completely. insect- and 
animal - proof, with niastic 
screens, zippers, and windows, 
the cooking and dining tents had 
no sides. because of the day- 
time heat. A canvas fly over 
the tent. tops provided an air 
space and acted as partial in- 
sulation from the sun. 

It was quite usual for the 
scientists and Peg and Milt to 
eat their meals surrounded by 
eight or ten silent Brazilian 
natives, sitting on the ground, 
solemniy watching. They were 
very friendly, says Peg. In fact, 
their insistence on shaking 
hands every time they passed 
you in camp became a minor 
problem, especially since soap 

and water are luxuries to some 

of them. 

Peg had a large supply of in- 
stant pudding mixes and tried 
to give some of it as gifts to the 
natives until she found they had 
no milk. The party finally gave 
the extra pudding and cake 
mixes to delighted American 

At one of the base camps, Peg 
let it be known to one ofthe 
native children that she was in 
the market for two or three live 
Within a day or two, 
small boys carrying live chick- 
ens tied to poles arrived in a 
long stream. Peg bought all the 
chickens for 30 cruzeiros apiece. 
Her husband instalied a chicken 

Have You Ever Stored Nodheads in Your Cellar? 

By Esther E. Wood 
Written for The Christian Science Monitor 

In... Mother’s.. early years. of 
housekeeping at the start.of the 
century, there was little fruit 
sold in the stores during winter 
months. Bananas were never in 
evidence and oranges were con- 
sidered holiday luxuries. Dried 
prunes could be obtained but 
dried dates and apricots were 
bought only for special occa- 

The apple was Mother's stand- 
by. and applesauce was the 
standard supper dessert. We ate 
it from November to May but 
we never tired of it because 
Mother served it with so many 

The sauce was always made 
from firm, first-quality apples, 
for that-was the.only Kind -that 
Father considered wintering. 
The apples were stored in the 

west end of the cellar, where 
they filled the cool air with 
heavy fragrance. The McIntosh 
barrel Was alWays placed near- 
est the cellar stairs because the 
“Macs” had to be used first, for 
they were “poor keepers” after 
Christmas. The yellow Bell- 
flowers, the huge Tompkins 
King, the spicy Nodheads, and 
the red-cheeked- Baldwins were 
each stored in their own barrel. 
We children could recognize 
each variety by its odor and the 
texture of its skin so that we 
needed no candle when we went 
to the darkened cellar to fill the 
apple pan. 

Lots of Butter 

Whether Mother was making 
sauce from Bellflowers or Bald- 
wins, she always added a gener- 
hot mixture when she removed 
it from the stove. The sauce was 

dishes but 
teacups, capping each 
of whipped cream. 

In the fall and 

Mother made a combination 
sauce that we children called 
“cran-apple sauce.” Cooked 
cranberries were put 
the potato masher and, 

red juice that was extracted wds 

combined with 
making.a dessert that was love- 
ly to see and delicious to eat. 
Now and then another combina- 
tion was tried. Father preferred 
the gooseberry-apple 
family chose the 

On cold winter afternoons 

served in china sauce 
occasionally Mother 
used glass fruit dishes or dainty 
with .a-spoonful of jelly or a dab 

early winter 
while our home-harvested cran- 
berries were still fresh and firm, 


but the younger members of the 

when it was necessary to have 
a hot fire in the kitchen stove in 
order to warm the room, Mother 
made baked applesatice, She 
placed finely cut apples in-a 
shallow pan, sprinkled the pieces 
with sugar and cinnamon, and 
added a cup of water. In the 
long, slow cooking the water 
boiled away, leaving a rich, 
jellvlike liquid in the corners of 
the pan. 

Steamed Applesauce 
Boiling and baking were- not 
the only ways of making sauce 
that Mother knew, We consid- 
ered her steamed applesauce a 
great treat. Once. or twice dur- 
ing the winter, Father brought 
home a package of dried figs and 
Mother sought to make the figs 
“spend.well”.by.combining them 
with apples. Both figs and apples 
were ground in the food chopper 

and then cooked slowly In the 
top of a double boiler. No water 
was added to the mixture but 
when it was removed from the 
heat, butter and a small quan- 
tity of sugar were. stirred into 
the rich sauce. 

Sugar was not the only. sweet- 
ening used for applesauce. 
Sometimes maple syrup or mo- 
lasses-or jelly was added, There 
is nothing prettier than apple- 
sauce sweetened with grape 

Today we have bananas and 
oranges all winter. All sorts of 
delicious dried fruits are obtain- 
able at the stores. Frozen fruits 
are tempting in taste and rea- 
sonable in price. But our family 
continues to regard applesauce 
as the standard supper dessert. 
Not infrequently, one hears the 
query,.."When are we 
have steamed applesauce for 

pen which thereafter went with 
the . party -everywhere. 
then ‘on, fried chicken was a 
staple on the menu.. 

Peg greatly regretted she 
could not speak to the natives 
in Portuguese.. “I'll never go 
anywhere again without learn- 
ing to speak .the language first. 
If you are really interested in 
the people and want to find out 
how they think you just have to 
know their language,” she says. 

Local .foods supplemented 
some of their meals. Papayas, 
limes, lemons, eggs, fresh game, 
and birds were eaten—whatever 
could be cooked or peeled. 
Kauve — a local kale — was 
cooked as a green. Palmetto, or 
heart of palm, Was delicious, 
Peg says, and was bought for 
five cruzeiros a stalk. Peg 
cooked cotai mundi, tinamori (a 
bird) ahd wild turkey, and the 
party relished them all. 

Ali the water for cooling was 
carried up from a stream daily 
under Miit’s direction, --and 
boiled on the camp stove. 

Cook’s Assistant 

A cook’s assistant had been 
promised Peg but the Americans 
discovered as soon as they ar- 
rived in Brazil that every 
Brazilian man, no matter what 
his status, considers himself 
above washing dishes or clothes 
or helping in the kitchen. Solu- 
tion to this problem came un- 
expectedly. While purchasing an 

party met a charming Euro- 
pean-educated Brazilian 
Erica Shurer. She was head styl- 
ist for Sears but eagerly agreed 
to take a leave to go with the 
expedition as Peg’s assistant. 

She faithfully washed all 
dishes and clothes for the six 
weeks’ ieave the store gave her. 
After that, the party found an 
Englishman to assist Peg. for thé 
rest of the trip. 

The only other woman on the 
trip was Mrs.. Machris. It was 
wonderful to have _ another 
woman along, says Peg. The 
two of ‘them put on birthday 
parties for the scientists and in 
other ways added the feminine 

Morning is Early 

Not only Peg and Miit Sper- 
ling worked -hard on the trip. 
The scientists rose each morn- 
ing around. 6:30 and after a 
quick breakfast were off to the 
bush, searching for the insects, 
birds, and mammals they hoped 
to ship back to the museum for 

Routine schedule was for the 
party to work straight through, 
with time out only for break- 
fast and lunch, until about 4:30 
in the afternoon. Then they all 
gathered for a social hour, when 
they compared notes on the 
day’s work and planned: the next 

Immediately after dinner the 
scientists would retire to the 

From 5s 

washing machine at 
Sears-Roebuck in Sao Paulo, the 


work tents to prepare the day’s 

specimens...for later _museum 
study. They often labored on 
until after midnight, according 
to Peg. 

Peg's only experience with 
night-prowling animals was one 
evening when she had left a 
basket of fresh papayas on-the 
kitchen table. Peg’s precious ‘pa- 
payas were made off with by a 
prowling pacu. But the pacu was 
caught and penned and there- 
after became Peg’s pet pacu— 
or so she says! 

In spite of long hours caring 
for equipment, keeping the elec- 
trical equipment in order, mak- 

_ Cooking in the Brazilian Bush Presents Challenge 

ing and breaking camp, Milt 
Sperling had time to enjoy the 
trip too. Almost every afternoon 
about four o’clock hé and Peg ~ 
—with as many scientists as 
could join themn—repaired tothe 
nearby river for a swim. 

Wherever they camped, they 
were near a river or stream and 
always managed a “swimming 
hole.” One of them, the most 
luxurious, had its own cascading 
waterfall above it—-a special de- 
light during the humid heat of 
the day. 

After the expedition con- 
cluded, Peg and Milt had three 
weeks of sightseeing in .Peru 
and Chile. This alone would 
have made the trip worth va 
they say. 

MEM DH hada 

By Marilyn Hoffman 

WE LIKE FISH and seafood 
in this town, In. fact, New York 
and vicinity comprise the 
largest. consuming center for 
fishery products in the United 
States, eating over five million 
pounds a week. 

Records show 136 varieties 
come, via trawler, dragger, and 
refrigerator truck, into Fulton 
Fish Market, and most of them 
find their way at one time or 
another onto the lengthy menus 
of the seafood restaurants 
around town. “If it is in season, 
it’s on the menu,” is the rule 
at better houses: 

Maybe San Francisto, New 
Orleans, or Boothbay Harbor is 
your particular port-of-call for 
seafood, but for sheer numbers 
of restaurants offering special- 
ties from the sea, New York 
tops them all. Here exacting 
gourmets savor their way 
through seafood prepared in 
national dishes of many coun- 
tries—from Italian eel, to Scan- 
dinavian herring, to British fish 
’n chips, to French bouillabaisse, 
to mention the more obvious. 

| ee SEY 

HERE, THEY GET fish and 
seafood broiled, fried, steamed, 
creamed,.in.salad,.au.gratin, in 
curry, stew, or chowder. They 
ponder a menu and try to decide 
whether-it-will be-lemon sole, or 
sautéed frog legs, or marinated 
mussels, Or whether to settle for 
shrimps, clams, crabs, _ scrod, 
Long Island porgies, sea bass, 
smelt, red snapper, blue fish, 
halibut, swordfish, salmon, brook 
trout, kippers, or shad _ roe, 
These, of course, are -only a be- 
ginning. By the time the various 
chefs around town have put 
their art to work with butter, 
cream, and spices, what emerges 
from the kitchens are aromatic 
epicurean adventures and de- 

So it was the other day when 
we visited the new Sea Fare res- 
taurant, which is now adding its 
gleaming white Colonial-inspired 

front to Greenwich Village’s pice 
turesque Eighth Street.--Here, 
where all dishes meet the precise 
standards of owner Christopher 
Bastis, we started luncheon with 
oysters Rockefeller, a succulent 
opener of oysters served not on 
the half shell, topped with a 
mixture of butter, scallions, 
parsley, anise, celery, spinach, 
bread crumbs, eggs, and spices. __ 

Then came thick and creamy 
New England clam chowder, 
Bombay curry of lobster, shrimp, 
and crabmeat was the next spe- 
cialty complete with hot Indian 
chutney! New York prides itself 
on such seafoed at its best. 

! St -$ 

YOU MAY BE no hand with 
the fancy sauces and seasonings, 
yet, if you like your fish at 
home—complete with sauce and 
minus preparation odors—four 
new frozen seafood dinners are 
now being introduced in 50 cities 
across the country. Sauces ine 
clude mushroom, lemon butter, 
cheese, and tomato. These new 
heat-and-eat seafoods developed 
in the scientific laboratories of 
Gorton’s of Gloucester, Mass 
(the nation’s oldest seafood 
firm), are heated in the alumi« 
num foil pans in which they are 

ar ae z 
THE CALIFORNIA cling- peach 
canning industry gave such @ 
pretty luncheon in New York 
recently to tell us that a hundred 
years have gone by since the 
peach-canning business got 
underway out there. As if in 
recognition of the fact, the peach 
trees outdid themselves in 1956, 
That “centennial” pack was the 
largest in the industry’s history, 
and it is those golden centene 
nial peaches which we are eate 
ing now. 

Canned California cling 
peaches, I learned, are the most 
popular fruit among the nation’s 
homemakers, and constitute the 
largest volume of a single fruit 
canned anywhere in the world, 
That means over 511,000,000 
cans a year! 

Conant Reviews Bonn Years 

By J. Emlyn Williams 
Central European Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 

Bonn, Germany 
Departure -day from West 
Germany has arrived for United 
States Ambassador James B. 

For four years, Mr. Conant 
served here as High Commis- 
sioner of this still-occupied ter- 
ritory and then as Ambassador 
of the new sovereign state. 

During these years, he per- 
witnessed and» partret 
pated in many historical de- 
velopments, particularly the 
change-over -to the new status. 
Looking back over a period of 
30 years when he first came 
here as a visiting professor of 
chemistry, Dr. Conant was op- 
timistic about the transition 
which had taken place. 

In 1925. he felt that the Wei- 
mar Republic was not a stable 
institution, that the Germans of 
that day were looking to the 

~—past- Nowadays; on -the-centrary; 

there was a different atimos- 
phere. A “successful democracy” 
had been established which had 
achieved “remarkable political 
stability and growth.” and Ger- 
mans were looking to the fu- 
ture: . | ) 
Reunification. Still _First problems. faced. by 
the federal republic, he told 
American correspondents here 
that reunification was still the 
overriding problem. Rearma- 
ment and German entry into a 
European community had been 

likes this 
hot wheat 
cereal! It 
is extra 
and very 

| (ood / 

Wheatena Jacte 

| partly resolved, though in unex- 

pected ways. Dr. Conant still 
regretted the failure to establish 
the European Defense Commu- 
nity (it was rejected by 

He it as a bold scheme 
and the first step toward Euro- 
pean integration. At the same 
time, however, he did not mini- 
mize what was going on in con- 
nection with the buildup of the 
German armed forces. He also 
saw hopeful signs of integration 
on this continent in the progress 
being made “toward a common 
market and an atomic authority 

As -was 


to be expected, he 
devoted much time and energy 
to German-American cultural 
developments. He probably 
traveled more than any other 
ambassador throughout the fed- 
eral republic and West 
He certainly gave more public 
speeches than any of them. 
These ran into hundreds. They 
were given to German ‘tiniver- 
sitfes ‘and-cultural seejeties 447: 
the German language), and to 
American gatherings of ai! sorts. 
Praised in Press of Dr. 
Conant’s work during his term 
of office, the Frankfurter Allige- 

meine Zeitung praised his readi- he. 

was leaving behind him a legacy 
of friendship” based “upon 
common interests between the 
American and German nations. 
It was no loss, this comment 
eontinued, that Dr. Conant was 
not “a politician in every fiber 
of his being.” It was sufficient 
that he had beside him diplo- 
mats who knew the technique of 
the business. “Germans know 
how to appreciate the fact that 
Dr. Conant supported warmly 
the issue of reunification and 
was a good interpreter of their 
affairs in Washington.” 
Recently Dr. Conant was made 
an honorary senator of the Uni- 
versity of Tibingen. In his 
speech of acceptance, he con- 
cluded with these words: In a 
few days, I shal! return to the 
United States after serving in 
Germany for a little over four 
years. During that period the 
German Federal Republic took 
its rightful place in the family 
of free nations and our two 
countries became more closely 
allied than ever before in his- 
tory. I am proud to have been 



A few strokes 
> with 






ER eve 



Berlin. | 

the : 

' privileged to participate in these — 

Dr. Conant’s successor, David 
Bruce, has been a banker as well 
as a diplomat. He has always 
been a strong supporter of close 
cooperation between the United 
States and Europe, and of unity 
within Etirope itself.” 

lraq Considers 

Oil Pipeline Link 

By Renters 

Baghdad, Iraq 

Iraq has said it was consider- 

ing building a new pipeline that 
would link its northern oil 
fields with the British protec- 
torate of Kuwait, on the Per- 
sian Gulf. 

The flow of Iraqi oil has been” 
curtailed because Syrian troops 
blew up pipes from Iraq to the 
Mediterranean at the beginning 
of the Suez crisis. 

Iraqi Minister 
Nadim Pachachi said Feb. 17 
that discussions are in. progress 
for the construction of a new 
pipeline: linking fraq’s’ northern 
oil fields with the south, which 


World News in t Brief 

Reports from correspondents of The Christian Science Monitor 
the Associated Press and Reuters 

Bonn: Neutral United Germany? 

A future united Germany may be neutral according to a pub- 

lished article by 
Strauss. The Defense 
coalition parties 

West German Defense Minister 
believe a united 

Franz Josef 
not auto- 

that the 
Germany will 


faticatty have to join the westérn military pact, but wilt have 
to make its own decision. freely, 

Albania: Hate Campaign Launched 

of Economics 

A massive verbal assault on President Tito of Yugoslavia 
Hoxha over 
henna. The tirades have ‘reminded observers 

been | 
up. im 
hate campaign waged against 
the latter’s passing in 1953. 

unched by Enver 

radio broadcasts picked 
of the 
1948 until 

Tito by Stalin from 

India: Envoys Consulted 

A flurry of diplomatic activity hit New 
the Kashmir 

ably centered on 


Feb. 19 



about 30 countries were called into consultations with External 

Affairs Ministry officials. 
informed quarters fee] 

line” should Western powers 
what India considers its leg 

The News Agency 
India may have decided 

Trust of India said 
on a “tough 

continue to exert pressure on 

Jal and moral stand on Kashmir. 

Israel: Cabinet to Meet... 


Israel's cabinet will meet Feb. 20 to discuss 
its Gaza-Aqaba dispute 

deadiock spawned by 

Ambassador Abba Eban will 

the international 

with Egypt. 
latest talks with 

on his 

United States Secretary of State John Foster Dulles. 

_in. turn.have._pipeline..connec- :. Y Ppruss.' Greek Priests Arrested 

tions with the British protector- 
“ete: > 

Mr. Pachachi noted that when 
connections “are restored tothe 
Mediterranean, the southern oi! 
fields would be able to use them 
too, if the new pipeline were 

‘Seven Greek Orthodox: priests have been arrested as a result of 

the recent anti-EOKA drive 

and were. “actively 
celJs, as well as recruiting new 

in the Troodos 
British..authorities..charged the 

Mountain area. 

priests sheltered extremists 

engaged in the administration of village 

members of EOKA.” The seven 

joined 31 priests already held without trial on various charges. 

Seren ae 

Shaw Bequest Tests Alphabet 

By Melita Knowles 

Staff Correspondent of 
The Christian Sctence Monitor 


How does one begin to change 
an alphabet? And is it charitable 
to do so” 

The questions 
here recently 
arising over 
Shaw's will. 

More than six vears ago the 
playwright and scholar left the 
greater part of his fortune to 
investigate the possibility of 
esablishing a 40-letter alphabet 
Dr. Johnson's 26-letter one, he 
felt, wasted a great deal of time 
all over. the world. 

Legal difficulties and _ the 
novelty of the concept have de- 
layed research as outlined by 

_Mr. Shaw. 

| -His will provides for the in- 
)stituting and financing of a 
| series of inquiries to ascertain 
or estimate as far as possible the 

were poised 
in a court case 
George Bernard 


phabet of 26 letters “hereinafter 

‘called Dr. Johnson’s alphabet.” 
More Questions 

The inquiry is also to ascer- 

tain “how much time could be 

saved per individual stribe by 

| Substitution of an alphabet con-. 

ining at least 40 letters.” This, | 

stated, would allow the. 

a to be written without. 

single sounds 

| the 

|/number of living persons who | 
'speak English and use the al-' 

. phabet? 
Attorney General, was the reply. 

eal "marks of letters “or by diacrit- 
a marks..instead.of by one 

| symbol for each sound.” Diacrit- 
ical marks might mean accents, 
a spokesman explained. 

The research also to esti- 
mate how many persons were 
“engaged in writing or print- 
ing at every moment in-_.the 
world,” . the time and labor 
wasted by our lack of at least 
14 unequivocal single symbols” 
and the “loss of income in 
British and American curren- 
cies’ arising from that wasted 

The will directed the employ- 
ment of “a phonetic expert to 
transliterate my play entitled: 
‘Androcies and the Lion’ into 
proposed British alphabet 
assuming the pronunciation to 
resemble that recorded by his 
Majesty our late King George V 
and sometimes described as 
Northern English.” Copies were 
to be presented to libraries in 
the British Isles, the Common- 
wealth, and America. 

Shaw's £176,000. ($500,000) 
fortune, after some bequests, was 
to be used for changing the al- 
phabet through the formation of 
Alphabet Trusts. 

Who a. for the poor al- 

e judge asked, The 


Trusts Upheld 
The Attorney General was 
represented at the case to up- 
hold the Alpnabet Trusts on the’ 
grounds that they were chari- 


ficiaries of the residue of the 

The defendants in the 
were the three institutions 
were to share ultimately 
residue of the estate: the British 
Museum, the Governors of {ff 
National Gallery of Ireland, and 
the Royal Academy of Dramatic 

The Attorney 
tended that the plan was chari- 
table and therefore took effect. 
The trustees of the British Mu- 
seum and the Rova!l Academy of 
Dramatic Arts maintained that 
no public benefit could arise 
from it. The Governors of the 
National Gallery of Ireland did 
not oppose the bequest, “not 
wishing to urge anything which 
would defeat the intention of a 
fellow Irishman.” 

Concluding his submissions 
Charles Russell, for the trustees 
of the British Museum, com- 
mented that a transliteration of 
Shaw's play “Androcles and the 
into a proposed Brijish 
alphabet, as directed in the will, 
would not be charitablé. “lt 
would interest me,” he said, “to 
see the transliteration of the 
passage: ‘Did ums gets an awful 
thorn into ums’ tootsums-woot- 
sums?’ ” 3 

‘The judge reserved judgment, 

in the 

General con- 

expressing only the doubt as to | 
| “whether it would be a chari- 

table trust to transliterate that 

that tl into the proposed British alpha- i cided whether to raise them by | “Eurafrican” 
table. This is disputed by, bene- | bet.” 


» Navy Hurries 
Station Site 

In Antarctica 

By Lt. Col. Herbert B. Nichols 

Special to The Christian Science Monitor | 


The United States Navy’s sup- 
port mission for the Weddell 
Sea portion of the International 
Geophysical Year program for 
this’ season is just abeut. com- 

. The USS Wyandot finished its 
offloading a week ago and with 
large working parties from both 
ships helping Seabees two miles 
injand, construction of Elis- 
| worth Station is likewise nearly 
finished. According to Capt. Ed- 
win McDonald, the expedition 
has been favored with excep- 
tionally good. weather since the 
day the station site was chosen 
With two shifts and everyone 
working around.the clock, high 
efficiency was gained and sev- 
eral achievement—records naye 
rbeen broken. ! 

However, a blizz: ard has pu t a 
new complexion on the siltua- 
tion here, east of Gould Bay¥ 
With a driving wind from the 
northeast; the ice--pack- ts clos- 
ing in, and the generous wide 
lead eastward along the coast is 
_Steadily narrowing. 

The change in weather’ fas 
had other effects. The long-an- 
ticipated celebration on the ice 
was not well ° attended. 
weather was too uninviting and 
too many men were off with 
working parties. 

Current plans for aerial recon- 
naissance and mapping have had 
to be canceled. Preparing the 
Wyandot for sea* has been 
speeded up. Winteringover per- 
sonnel now already on the beach 
were hurried off to “Orange 
City’; and all major last-minute 
projects are being pushed. All 
buildings are up, caches secured, 
tunnels constructed; and radio 
antenna fields established. 

Five large diesel electric 
power generators are expected 
to be ready for duty soon: mess 
hall and kitchen arrangements 
are ready; radio facilities are 
practically in working order, 
and special Rawinsonde and 
Aurora towers will ‘soon be 
domed and ready for use. 

Of course there will be many 
tasks requiring all hands during 
the next few weeks. Some in- 
terior work remains to be done 
(according to plan) including in- 
stallation of tile flodring. Some 
construction materials are left 

over, so an extended recreation 

building is planned. 

Instead of formal ceremonies 

and flag raising when Capt. Finn 
Ronne takes over as station 
commander, Captain McDonald 
expects it may be a brief, hasty 
“Goodbye Finn, it’s all yours. 
Good juck.” 

Conadion Government 

To Boost Old-Age Aid 

By the Associated Press . 

The Canadian Government | 
has agreed to increase old-age ‘ 
pensions, but has not yet de- 

tha: or $10 a month. 



“fer French 

volved, | 
' tions of tariff walls, channels of | 

Paris Talks Reach 

_ Climax on Market 

By Joan Thirtet 


Fighteen months of slow and 
distressing negotiation on a six- 
nation common market at many 
levels has reached a difficult cli- 

France, West Germany, Italy, 
Belgium,. Holland.,..and...Luxem- 
beurg foreign ministers ended 
confused and incomplete talks 
Feb. 18 by tossing responsibility 
to their respective premiers. 

The premiers were 
Feb. 19 at Premier Guy 
office in the historic Hotel 
Matignon, but their foreign 
ministers have produced no 
concrete working paper to help 
them hurry on agreements that 
neither experts nor ministers 
have been able to reach on a 



Race Against Time 

In a. sense. this. long and 
mostivy very leisurely negotia- 
tion .on a common market has 
turned suddenly into a race 
against. time. Belgium’s Foreign 
Minister Paul-Henri Spaak, who 
has...pressed constantly for the 
common market, voiced the hope 
at the preceding Brussels con- 
ference -a.fortnight ago that a 
treaty would be ready for sig- 
nature at a meeting in Rome on 
March 10. M. Spaak himself is 
leaving the sphere of nationa! 
politics for a new post as sec- 
retary-general of the North At- 
lantic Tréaty Organization and 
is anxious to see both the com- 
mon market and Euratom firmly 
set on their foundations before 
he relieves Lord Ismay in April 

Another pressing reason for 
haste is the imminence .of Ger- 
man elections, when a rising 
tide of feeling against veteran 
Chancellor Konrad Adenauer 
could imperil the common mar- 
ket by weakening his internal 
political position. 

Finally, France’s 
Mollet alwavs has backed a 
common market and Euratom, 
and also is anxious to push the 
common market through speed- 
ily, perhaps all the more so 
since his government at Easter 
will hold the longevity record 
postwar cabinets, 
and already is being. watched 
curiously by various French 
political vultures. 

Vital Issues 

On the other hand the issues 
involved in the common market | 
are so dramatic, with such in- | 


lseas departments’ 
ideloupe,; Martinique, Guinea; ang 

Special Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 


such as Guae 

Oceania to be considered part 
of the European section of the 
common market ‘with the same 
obligations as regards lowering 
of internal tariffs, and so on, as 
the mother country. In _ this 
connection. it..should. be noted 
that Algeria is not comprised 
within the European Coal] and 
Steel Community that blazed the 
path for an eventual six-power 
common market. 

In addition to the 
“overseas departments,” 
wants the 

“overseas territories,” 

essentially French 
East and West Afriea. te be 
“associated” with the common 
market as a sort of colonial 

Preferential Aid Hit 

This. implies in French. minds: Ai 

a substantial amount of financial 
help frony its partners, for social 
and economic investment in 
these countries, aS well as longe- 
term contracts to enable pro- 
duction to find a ready-made’ 
market among the six. This, in 

tiirn, “would” be “accompanied “by 

tre raising of tariffs for such 
tropical produce to keep out sup- 

‘Hes from traditional suppliers as, 

Brazil’s coffee. 
the other five are not 
agreed, because of the danger 
their usual trade channels 
and disruption of commerce, but 
also because of the position of 
the General Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade (GATTY. 

A warning was given Feb, 16 
by the British representative, 
who said that Prime Minister 
Harold Macmillan reminded the 
six he had asked to meet with 
them a year ago without’ suc- 
cess, and expressed anxiety at 
the preferential treatment proe 
posed for the “overseas terrie 

Mr. Macmillan also reminded 
the six thatthe principle of none 
discrimination is a GATT rule, 
Since the common market 
eventually would have to ask 
GATT for a waiver in respect 
of both Western European and 
African tariff walls, this warne 
ing from Britain could be a serie 
ous matter. 


for example, 



Forthcoming Lectures — 


fluence on the everyday exist- | 

ence of the six nations most in- 
that secondary ques- 

trade, the periods of transition, 
equalization of social charges, 

and so on, are of paramount | 

The main difficulty that con- 

| the “association” of 
‘overseas territories” 
common market in a grandiose 
wants Algeria and the “over- 

Lease the premiers is that of. 
France's | 
with the | 

France | 

On Christian Science 

By members of The Chris- 
tian Science Board of Lectures 

This tnformetion was received too late 

for insertion in the Christian Science 

; United States 
Springfield: Walter 8. Symonds, High 
School Cafeteria. Tenth and H Streeta, 
3 p.m, Sunday, March j. 
Houston (First Church): Theod 
Wallach, San Jacinto Senior H 
School, Holman and Austin Stree 
3 p.m., Sunday, March 3. 
iBeecond Church’: mS Lingen — 

a6 W 
Avenue, 8 pm., Monday March 4. 

hatin PBS ih SE OES pg ha A 
ES SEP saben x: 

a eet ha 

IRC Sey 
? : e ast 

AR ee ee Oe eT ON Me SRP IIE CI AF ee 

SOE Fe PRG TEEN! eae any weber TOE YY 

THE pveanartin bomen SCIENCE Laatirienk ddan BOSTON, TUESDAY, 

eR et ey 


FEBRUARY 19, 1957 

naib th 


Jar. aw ay- —each accounting 

~ Schools Confronted | 

sateen Sv ie Ee we! 

By ‘New America’ 

- By Millicent.J. Taylor. ..-..... coneitiatlasial 

‘ Bducation Editor of The 
Atlantic City . 
Educators meeting here have 
been asked to stretch their 
thinking to see a new face of 
America in which suburbia with 
its school systems will line vast | 
superhighways from Maine to. 
Florida, and across the conti- | 
nent ‘in an unending series of 
new towns. 

They have heard about com- | 

munities of 70,000 #£4people 
mapped out to make homes near 
huge industrial plants where | 
few people lived but a few 
months before. And they have 
been learning that the old con- | 
cepts of school systems thaf 
grew with the nation cannot be 
made to meet the vast needs of | 
this new land of superhighways 
and housing developments. 

The American Association of | 
School Administrators, a depart- 
ment of the National Education 
Association, has brought some 
20.000 schoolmen here for its 
83d annual convention to dis- 
cuss problems of education al- 
ready upon them. 

But they are being told, too, 
that if they want their available 
funds to buy the best ‘education. 
possible for the nation’s youth 
in the new kind of America that 
is already taking form with 
technological speed, they .must 
be willing and ready to examine 
their existing school 
and in most cases reorganize 
them to meet head-on the wave 
of the future. 

This does not mean simply 
piling Johnny and Mary into 
yellow buses and taking them to 
a consolidated school. This new 
type of redistricting going on 
across the nation provides 
neighborhood schools to which 
Johnny and Mary may trudge on 

It also may prov ide three high 
schools instead of. one huge one, 
and perhaps a junior college— 
all in the overall planning and 
under a set-up that cuts across 

old-style town boundaries and | 
including new | 

serves several, 
towns or housing developments. 
The AASA has a strong com- 

“mission making a study of the) 
whole picture of school district | 

reorganization, and acting as a 
clearing house — also as guide 
where requested—for all parts of 
the country facing this 
precedented modern need. On It, 
besides two school ‘superintend- 
ents are a state superintendent 
of public instruction, a director 
of research for a state associa- 
tion of school boards, a special- 
ist from the United States Office 
ot-Education,.and.other experts. , 

When this commission held a 
panel to explain what is going 
on across the country and to 

‘pass along the know-how it has 

gained: from two: years. of study , 
and contacts, the ‘schoolmen at- | 
tended it in droves. They showed 
anxious evidence of wanting to 

Sample of what is happening 
was described by Charles H. 
Boehm. state Superintendent ol 
Public Instruction for Pennsyl- 

Approached by a company that 
builds the largest housing units 
in the nation, he said, he learned 
that within a matter of months 
a town of 70,000 would be built 
and inhabited, with another not 
120.000 people in about “eight” 
years. What about schools? As a 
result, 200 acres were set aside 
in the planning, and a complete 
system of academic and voca- 
tional high schools and little 
neighborhood elementary schools 

was set-up. Even a junior. col-. 

lege was projected. 

Problems Raised Quickly 

Elsewhere in the country big 
aircraft companies, interested Ih 
the building of housing develop- 
ments for their employees have 
asked “What about schools?” The 
nearby towns are not equipped 
to fit these new needs into their 
old patterns. New and unprece- 
dented patterns must be made 
Yet all this must be planned in 
a few weeks tune, said Dr. 

a 10) ob 0008 Oa ss St fant ; DSM 

The commission ; aa rs io 
scribed new and larger districts 
that’ would ~ provide™ not-- one 
comprehensive consolidated high 
school but two or three high 
schools under the same admin- 
istration, academic; vocational, 
technical: neighborhood schools 

“that are not at all like the “one-* 

teacher rural schools of early 
America (of which there are 
still 39,061 across the nation) 
but drawing ona staff serving 
the whole district, complete with 
guidance services, reading spe- 
cialists, art and music special- 
ists, health officers, available to 
all. These little neighborhood 
schools would be flexible, and 
easily moved or closed within 
the larger system when the need 

no longer existed. 

“The educational philosophy 

is based on the premise that 
there shall be constant flexibil- 
ity and change in the school 
system,” said Arthur L. Sum- 
mers, Director of School District 
Reorganization and Transporta- 
tion, Missouri State Department 
ef Education, speaking for the 

Dr. Summers told the school- 
men that great strides have been 
made in some areas, South Car- 
olina, for example, reorganized 
its schools from 1,500 dé#stricts 
to 103 districts in three years 
Mississippi under a county board 
of education worked out a pat- 
tern and in order to get full 
‘cooperation issued the edict that 
any schools not fitting into the 
new pattern by next July 1 
would get no Star county funds. 

Number of Schools Shrinks 

As against about 127,500 local 
school districts in the United 
States in 1932, there are now 
about 59,000. The commission, 
that the more efficient number 
would be nearer 10,000. Over | 
37,000 employ fewer than 10 
teachers, 35,006 operate only | 

elementary schools, and over. 
8,000 operate no schools at all. 

School redistricting is not 
necessarily cheaper, Dr. Sum- 
mers added. It is not done to 
save money. It is done to pro- 
vide a better educational pro- 

districts | 

un- | 

) physical 

was willing to Say | 

Christian Science Monitor 
gram. It does, however, 
more efficient use of available 
school funds, as well as of per- 
sonnel and equipment, he point | 
ed out. 

He called wasteful of the tax- 

| payers’ money the pouring in of 
funds to support districts too 
-small to provide adequate fa- 
i cilities. A. school district should 

and employ at least 40 teachers 
|if it is to provide a good, well- 
rounded educational program 
and use the equipment and fi- 
nancial resources to good ad- 
vantage, the commission agreed. 
But it was pointed out that “we 
shouldn’t think that by solving 
ithe problem of redistricting we 
fret « solved our financing.” 

| Critic ‘Draws Retort 

It is because of the many very 
small high schools in parts of 
the nation, unable to offer a 
well rounded program, that some 
statistics cited by T. Keith Glen- 
nan, president of Case Schoo! of 
| Technology aroused resistance 
from some of the educators. 

Dr. Glennan told the conven- 
tion Feb. 18 that “one half. of 
the nations high schools offer 
no course in physics, that one- 
quarter offer no course in either 
physics. or chemistry and nearly 
one-quarter offer no geometry.” 
As a result of this and of what 
he called “a softening of the edu- 
cational process’’ on the part of 
school people.and_parents,..only 
about 55 per cent of the high 
school students are taking 
mathematics or science, he said 

In reply, Dr. Paul J. Misner, 
Glencoe (Tll.) Su perinten: ient of 
Schools and President of AASA. 
while conceding the fi 
pointed out that.they were 
by the very small high 
in single school systen 
that while they bring up 
average, they “do not give the 
true’ picture of- American edu- 

He added, however, that 
are getting the level of teaching 
in this country that we are pay- 
Ling..for...If-we..are _to.have.a 
higher quality, we have to pay 

‘Technological Revolution’ 

Dr. Glennan described the 
dustrial and_ scientific 
through which the nation Is 
ing. as “a rapid technologik 
revolution.” It has been e: 
mated, he said, that more than 
half the American work force 
earns its living by producing, 
distributing, or serving things 
that did not exist in 1900, ear 
ly one-third of the employees of 
+Generat Electric are wo rking on 
products not man | by 
that company in said 

He called for a vast-and earn- 
ést ‘stepping up of the identi- 
i fying and training of young peo- 
ple of specialized talent, and a 
vigorous effort for He 
urged, too, that parents and edu- 
cators “get tough” with young- 
sters, demanding more. 

“Too often,” he said. “we 
have aided and abetted our chil- 
dren in avoiding and perhap: 
completely escaping from those 
strict mental disciplines which 
are essential preparation for ef- 
fective life in this technological 
age. The deterioration of the 
rigors of mental training and 
» seiemtitic —<—diserplines ire 
schools in my opinion a _re- 
flection of the philosophy of get- 
ting something 
product of the 
world owes us a 

And he said later: 
ing. too much.if prenaration 
life requires a knowledge o 
world. as well =; 
knowledge of oneself and othe: 
that education encourage 
development the ability 
think clearly and _ vigorously 
with a disciplined mind’” 

Economic Panel 

At the general ¢« 
sion Feb. 18, a pi 
experts asked and discussed 
familiar. que stio mn: where do 
get the mone’ They were Le: 



’ . 



if; it’ ture 





ked panel 

ni AQt- Vek amdiens ARE VITEA TE: orb Seve: 


iv % 

' Department of ann ic 
Sociology, Princeton Unive r 
seymour E. Harris. professor’ of 
economics, Harvard Universit: 
and Be ards ley Ruml, economist 

All three took a Vigorous 
stand that federal funds should 
be forthcoming. It was pointed 
out that the nation as a who 
needs the highest 
educated persons possible;.that 
this is also essential to our 
tional security: that Americans 
are “on the move” and those 
educated in one region do 
necessarily remain there to 
and pay taxes but will 
siderable mDumbers 
other states. 

One speaker als stressed 
‘federal responsibility te shoulder 
‘costs on the ground that many 
of the problems of education 
_today are the result of federal! 
policies — the highway system, 
for example, with its mush- 
rooming chain of new towns 

Mr. Rumlgas in speeches 
livered elsewhere, drew a 
distinction between 
support” and “federal 
described the latter as a hand- 
out type of assistance which he 
said is largely outmoded, and 
the former as a responsibility of 
the federal government to 

komma and 

in cone 
migrate to 

aid.” He 

the children of the country on a 
per capita, per use basis 
change from the historic Ameri- 
can pattern of local support ot 
the blic schools which al- 
rea aroused....much 
controversy in many 
the nation, 

U.S. Transit Visa 

ae a 

parts ol 

By Reuters 
Georgetown, British Guiana 

ernment deposed in 1953, has 

been refused an American tran- 
sit visa, it was learned. 

The left-wing ‘leader said he 
would make an new application 
for a visa to authorities in Wash- | 
‘ington. He is planning to attend 
ae Coast independence day 
celebrations March 6,> 

make | 

have a-minimum.of.1,200-pupils.. 


na- | 


Refused to Jagan 

Dr. Cheddi Jagan, chief min- | 
\ister of the British Guiana Gov- | 

fo Ba vr ips 

fepyermegany ore 



perience. may op t 

us. vaaaene 8 deep hole drilli 

| ~~ ing agne Standard Mi« “ 
| eo a leoghat 

“Advanced Level 
_ Openings in 


Spani and assist with athletic pro- 

gram. Smal) 

necticut Box C-27 

e ¢ Norway 
Boston 15 

to. train into 

he! coach athietics 
enthusiasm for 
Boarding School 

Must have 
Box C-2 
Boston 15, Mass 

ing opportunity for service—to teach 

boarding school in « 

LL se 
TO START IN SEPTEMBER—Young man 29 Exp. 

lish Department andi tg each: 

Connecticut ' Kodachrome Anscochrome. 

British Isles—Africa | | British Tcleouss Ati 
Continental Europe | Continental Europe 
~Austratia—~New Zealand’ Australia—Neéw Zealand” 


poy! exp. 00, 1a Exp. foe, 30 mor DON. Kensington preferred. End of attractively duplicated for 6 —— 
$1. Exp. eal April “tit 

Box K-468, 163/4 Strand, Lon-| thing imel. 24- servi e 

. 80. Reprints don. W.C.2. ey Brown’ s Lid. Helena st, B tu 


PARK. ‘0B. 


S| 202-204 Bi eo 
ue Ave ue Roxbury, Mass, | 
ay ta A 79081 

E. PATTEN—‘L. we * Ltda tg 


‘Kodacolor 90c. Prints 29¢. 

PORTER. memgggrtd- gar ype 

interesting work: 

ina PORT, Amityville, 
4-6300. Mr. Peru. 

- * @t the ay 

position | 
AIR | 
= F 

Mounted en | FLORISTS 
eo | 

Bex 411, San Francisce I, California — : 


ot Quantities 

Cut Flowers and Floral Arrangements Specifications. Bills of 
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% s 
13ie Kensington Church St., Lendoh, W.4/ simile Typewr 

man t.. Caterd ac 
Pr 5863 

These are the kind of assignments a4 
that produce technical papers—and news 
of public interest as well. 

Thev are in’ the fretd- of new develop: 
ments in small turboshaft, turboprop 

or 3-room apts. 
baths. Cony 
couple or adults. MO .8- 

MT. VERNON, N, Y.—Well furnished: 9. | 
Private entrance and 
transp. Buitape business. 


GOOD 5 OCTAVES, , excellent bass, VIOLINS 
Americah Reed Organ (Estey) also 230/ 
240 A.C. electric blower for sale. First WANTED good vigsine, étllos, ete. Dee 
Church. of..Christ,.S¢ientist, Chester; ._.talls.te ELLIOTT, y..Rd... Matte 
and Spillway at Congamond Lakes ; 

Department of Public Works 
Sealed proposals for repairs to Closure 
Dikes and Construction of New Cuivert: 

and. tarbojet power plants for aircraft— 
both military and commercial. 
A many-sized program is under way 


BOSTON, Beacen St, 2 “oe ee 
and bath Linens and 
he uti Top fi in private home. 

rig _mo. Tel. KEnmore 6-1756 (Mass.} 


liv-Trm.. +393, 

1. Ab 
s sions, Londo ! 
Scifi will be received at an(St, Olave Street) } n. Nw. CUN.. . 3089 
ashua Street oston. Mass ; : 
2 aVhie WANTED 

CAMBRIDGE, MASS.—Desir. 2-rm. 
loveiy bathrm. furn apt., loc. bet 
tral.and -Harvard. 8a, $65 
Kirkland .7-5556. 

department near Boston. 

Ic is well worth while of an able 
engineer with broad design experience 
to leek imo the new opportunities that 



mo. -Tel 

Tuesday. . March FURRIERS 
COMPANION HELP — One lady: small 

and bath: beaut. furn. and newly dec 
utHities, elevator KEnmere. 6-3086 

have developed here. The work involves: 

® Analysis of mechanical designs to 

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determine how well they meet perform- 
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Analysis of the mechanical integrity of 
designs to ensure their suitability. 
Analysis of design concepts ond tech- 
niques for the - urpose of establishing 


Enjoy gracious living at El 
for wk., month or season. 
efficiencies hotel rooms 

Lester Deeley, 2901 




Terramar Street. 


design procedures and criteria. 

‘Study and onalysis of stress ond 
vibration choracteristics ond designs. 

DAYTON, OUIO—Attract 2-bedrm. apt 
range. fet. li util except élect.: 
pets $112 50 "Tel WA 5440 or Box X- 
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Chicago 1.7 

British Isles—Africa 
3 Continental Europe 

Small Hotels and Pensions 
in British Isles 



able oniy to bidders Complete informa- 
Every” consideration 20 mins. Watere 
Award contractor, Remodelling. is ef All Kinds 
February 19. 1957. 
; near Bexhill, Sussex. Mod. rent. e's 

on the most extensive 
modern facilities, opportunities to work 
with the men who developed the famed 
T.58 (with its. power-weight ratio of more 
than 4 to 1). Benefits are comprehensive. 

You can count 



LONG Ist AND. me pane niurn.. 2 
en. around May. ] 

sas Fift h Ave... New York 36 


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| Aust ralia—New Zealand | 

publiciy . ope ant 
guaranty $1500 00 Charge lor A oy rome | P H | L | Pp G cE E convenient house: Salary; regular help; 
wee rough work; plain cooking: chaufe 
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“lump truck rates have been established 
Right reserved to waive any informality 23 Wardour ote kateaster $q., j 
oo. Mrs, Boys, 26, Ashcombe Ave. 
not equipped to undertake and compiete Geod Selection Collars and Cuffs in Stock | 
| the “968 CARL A SHERIDAN No Job Too Small or Toe Large WANTED TO RENT 
: wo 2 . Ali work executed om premises 
HAIRDRESSERS | K-163, 163/4 Strand London, W. C. 2. 
VL hh 
MISS ENDERSON, Hair on pan 
is HOW at 16 Brook Str 
| Semi- det. mod hse. on favourite Estate.| 
13 gd. bed. bathrm. 2 ige. recep (french 

proposal form $16.00, amount nad 
tingrm.; wireless: home comforta, 
in or to reject any or all proposals London, W. GER. 1930 
Commissioner of Public Works. veemnern ceed 
Overseas Visitors Specialy Catered for SMALL UNFURN. BUNGALOW 
(1st floor} W. 1. MAY: 9329 


wremaee \ CiNnadows) 



Beautiiui Merryvaie, on the Haiilaz 
River A charming, comlortabdDie quest 
home with a itoving atmosphere ano 
home cooking. Beach and vUnristian 
Science church Dearby.. Rates $45.10.55 
per week. Write Mrs. Beuiah Fulier. 
458 So. Beach. Ph. CL 42-3337 

Call for more information and appointment 

Mr. T. S. Woerz—LYnn 8-1805 
Small Aircraft Engine Dept. 


Bus tm. | inet 
Guinness & | hoid 

Loc AL “ADVTG. Tei 
tbies. ‘lens Assoc 
| Rawson, 71 Highbury, 



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¥: 597%) 
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Good English Cooking 
Comfortable beds (Interior Spring Mat. 

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bus for church, Cheerful 


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Edinhurgh Hall 

Vacation—RKest—Ketire— Write: 
Mrs. Sarah R. Shert, Exec, Dir. 
403 S&S. Mass. Ave 
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ie i i i 

Bs pe es) Open fires—central heatin 
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| : from Oct 


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Seated bids S proposes 

ATTENTION: Waitresses 
Room Service Associates : mele will be receive 
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/Bed and oe ae 13/8 ns = 
127-128 Queen's Gate, S.W. 7 

bedrooms, aH -with centrat heating, 
8 fires, running water and telephones, 
Moderate charges, weekly, daily, or room 
anc reakfast: residents from 
KENsington 1217-8 ——— 



126 Queen's Gate, &.W. 7 

H. and C.. radio and telephone all rooms, 

Lift, Bed and breakfast from 23/6. Inclue 

sive terms on application. KEN 9628. 


ine Francaise Beautifully furnished 

be a-si tingroonts Cc some ce@Ne 
all rooms, 

Original and Reproduction Oil Paintings | 
Cleaning and Restoring 
: ; Modest Prices BAY: 3132 
Jewelery Repaired, Remodeled 185 Westbourne Grove, London. W tt. 


copy and lor Clerk. Opportunity for 
le Gaddes ithout premium, i 
, 1634 Strand, London, 
1s May in Private Day 

tal ss mestic work; help with 
“THRE ADING—Experienced staff K 47 1634 Str 7 # pt wwe 

lick service. Aiso di amond mountene 
Estab. 1868. Langton, Jeweller. 3 Princes EXP ERIt NCED working housekeeper, 
Parade, London. N 10. TUD. 6050 help given; London subul cy 

. ‘ 163,/4 Strand. London, W.C 


ARTWORK. creat 
TTR type 

ive ide as 




Mews # 

Liberal Vacation Allowance _____ ROOMS TO LET 
Five-Day Week BOSTON. MASS.—I 
Free Parking Facilities . 6.3389. 

$10.00 a wk. 

at?r natin 


e re-TOO! os 


ss, Lancaste! 
19 Werrington : 

St.. Londen, N.W.1t Phone EUSten 
171-2 Binding and repairs of aij 
€Christtan “Sctence Publications 


4766 ; lll, Sussex Gafe 

~~ * 

Easily accessible to all points—bus of car 

eee MASS 
Opportunities for advancement 

\rivate i Li ou 
ident "Pal Kine 

++ + + + 


Nice rm for busine 
privileges. Tel TR 

Apply: Personne! Department, 107 Falmouth Street Kitche 

Ned Harvard 5e-—-Eyerything Home Made. Delicious Toasted» 

(atte! 6 a} 

6 Holbein Pi., Sloane Sq. (Opp. Tube: exit) | 

n Sandwiches, Lunches, 
10 a.m.-8:30 p.m... 

Teas, Suppers ood 

Mass. CO 6-4330, Ext. 313 

pares, ROOMS WANTED _ 
MANBAT EAN. N. ¥.—Lady de 

t Reasonable 

HELP WANTED—WOMEN 8.45. 588 Fifth Ave. York 

res &§ 

Ne w 

36 NY 

Wed. till 9 pn. ™. 



30 Connaught Street, Londen. W.2 



ag “ye MAN Wants 
ntry r i 

Opening for 
Learn to Help Those Needing 

: NURSING CARE lands Write 
Representative ag 


ings in 

28, One Norway 






riy i@aay. 

B' Te 

~ Ni 




aH ill. Surrey 

Christian Science | === 
Pittsburgh,.Pa. Nurses. Training Course 
Applications are invited from persons 

Board, room, uniforms and 
who can quality for appointment as 

cash allowance. Mature as BOSTON STORAGE WAREHOUSE C0. 
Advertising Representative for The 

well as young workers Huntington Ave., Boston, Mass. 
Christian Science Monitor in Pitts- 

may apply. ‘Over 75 Years of Service) 
KEnmore 6-3200 

Lurgh, Pennsylvania. This opening 

presents..a challenging. opportunity 

hkecel...Leng._Distance. ... 
Packing MOVING Storage 

Apply: Personne! Department 
107 Falmouth St., Boston 15, Mass. 

COmmonwealth 6-4330, Ext. 313 © 


Agent tor United Von Lines 
(UA. Alaska, Puerto Rico, Hawaii) 
tor a qualified woman or man, prefer- 
ably a woman, who is free to give a 
considerable part of each week to 
calling on retail stores 


s insti tut on in Vermont 
Si BMeCr, Wintel 

socal and Distance Movin 
465 VM 150t n St N. Y cS AU 6-324 

‘" o elcome 
to its come. 
and excellent 




io encumbrance 
¥ SC hooi graduat e 
Do not app 
bs gece = 

Applicants should be members of a AU TOMOBILES FOR SALE 

Christion Science Church in Pitts- sadiaitementd 

burgh. Remuneration is on a straight Begin $1 ooh eC HILDREN’ HOME Pr r 
Director ik ¢ ry ¢ 32! 
commission basis. BURLINGTON, VERMONT Tel. 2-0391 One No: 

I9t9 € uF v ROI re’ T c or PE, mileage 

com at ZOOG ConGa 

55 { “0 + Box C-3 

ton? Write 
Way et 



?9. 000 


38 “hoose 190 nev cars and enjoy 
‘> , 

1956 FORD—Victoria coupe 
white. 600 miles. Private 


oe 1 ‘ 
SaiC iQOl 

if interested, pleose write for WOULD YOU LIKE 

application form to Mr. Stephen to work in a five gir! 

CW 4-4874 (Ma 

Curtis, Manager of Advertising oe oS SUPER BUICK °55. 4 
’ j 4 7 . 

Representati ses, tra. A 

’ ‘ " ace : ete door 
The ee typing Salary arranged | ,ibert Lae as pe be l ¢ 
Science Monitor, 




furn. bed-sit 

u _ Gn 

One Norway \2-8796 (Mass: MA 2-2494 (Ma Mass.) 

l and 2%-vr “course NO AGE LIMIT Se 
On-the-job training under Christian Sci- 
ence’ nurses: Saiarvy $720 first vear pins 


t aperionced Werking ¢ oupte- permanent... 

Wed r 

wavine For 

40 rhurs. and Fri., 

MARY RAY. Specialist in care of hair and London 
appointment Urand ew y 
PL 2- 2880. N YC Poincare $4- 

sunny we 
Use of 


rns shed be d. 
tcl hen 

Fis p~ Fd 

no dining room 

full maint and Soecia!l Security coverage 
a eee 



ale ti ie i i 


i> ett N 
va . 
i ve "F601 & VW 
Miami, Florida 

ait Experienced. .for five-day 
live-on campus. Reply 
FO. STABT IMMEDIATELY —0r-1D. BED-....Gormectiout me 
cher who ilove: D 19 7? 
aeveiop younk HOUSEWORKER to clean bungalow uring 5 
WOTKing to weekly for business Woman and son 12 f so iy I have 
School in Steady work in loving surroundings for ting a your 
One Norway thorough dependable one 
fand’ 3°08T2?* “Miamt Fria 

BALTIMORE, MD. Loving ho 

help needed 2 days wkiy. Must be able 

week Can 
to G Mac- 

Are You: Coming to 


pleasure of 
eur with my 
Phone HIgh. Ford , yI five-pas £UR 62 Car. 
Availabie Juné ist 
.Barbe ~ nll igatan 30, 
‘Va Sweden 


Norway,. Sweden.or.Denmark. |" 

Go touring and sightseeing driven by 
one of our. Executis We take care of 
alt eg Is “and plan tnhdividuatiy: “This 
service 18 avy allable year round 


14 Montagu Si London, W.1. AMB 5159 


on! British Hi: Drive aoe ee 
ch offer interchangea! lity. Pick 
your Uv7ori ve Car in ther Glasgow 


to assume complete charge. Children 
and 5. Box X-4. 588 th A Ave.. N. ¥. 36 
or MANHATTAN, N_ Y..-7 > Ww Expert 

livestock hnger waver and man icur wan! 

Birton. pe! em Cheshire. 

Ing and snowiln 
ob as herd ‘manage! 

managing genera! 

Dt irebdr ed. catt 

cis ré 


on @ 



Miami, Ok 
M 7 aay 

Richard Maurer 

POS.— Ya 

Route } ii time SU 47-3373. 8:00-3'30 AM 


aS Ae 
§ me 

ae ad Intelligent ourteou } 


POAT ——- 
}) i n 

Bargain prices 
116 East 

_ Per. 

60th Street, N 


- 4 hrs math. seeka bes ——w SALE—S\ iperb- used furniture, furnishings, 
Cash buyers 

supper. Smart, 

neat Broadway 
5. 4-262 New York 

Merwen St de landt 

7 ~ 

nre!l 3. One ‘ie 
15. Mas City 
yot NG BUSINESS M AN—Vacationing in 
iroOpe, woutd be interested in render- 
ing service while travel! lling. Leaving Los 


i i 

MARKED, _ nileet 
tiger-stri ped male 
home ill deliver 

Ave... N 16 N 



March 8 Malkiem (Gregory BRI su oP YOUR PRENC H—Ed' cated | 


588 Fifth 


. Box new. WOLSELEY 

Limited TIST, Peter Street, Manchester 

e Consult us for the best delivery of FORD, quires soloist for Sunday service 

Zodiac, Zephyr and Consul Saloons, aiso plications to the Music Committee 


3855 West 7th St., Los Angeles 5, Calif ach I tive arisienne 

- — ; ~ ¥ d 
EXP GARDENER wishes year round po- a oup ». oe 
Sition {or church institution, eatate 

S PL 9-656! 



15/50 Saleens, Imme- 

diate delivery of FORD Perfect Saleons. 
JOHN COWAN—Ladies’ and Gentlemen's 

= . . . ST 
POST WANTED |LONDON, 23 Draycott Place, Sloane Sq. 
V & 
help in the home: cooking, shopping With preakfast. KNIT 
to be agreed. , Box K.471, 163,4 Tel. BAY: 
lenced; also car driver with brkst.; quiet neighb’hd. Miss eee 
LONDON gee ady active, adaptable, A. 
1634 SI London, W.C. 2 
are EEEeEEEEEEEEEeEEEreme neeere | 
J jtterfield, 27, Greencroft Gdns., N.W. 6 
Cadogan Street, Chelsea, Opposite Christian Science Church, 
Guest House. H C.; nr. sea and bua, 
Richmond 476 ROAD EAST M. C. MARRI 
and overseas visitors ters Gdhs.. adj. Durley Chine and 
and enjoy ail 
of modern t heater. A.A. SENERAL AND COMMERCIAL PRINT. > me Guest House on Sea Front 
IN : 
go to make an en joyable visit Tariff and  ¥ 
Yorks. Phone Redear 2615 Brighton. Tel. 21039 
R. ic. WIMBUSH., LTD.. epenimeg -in April. 
pee sitting-room in private} 
Telephone: Fremantle 8401 /2/3. “and cold water rort 
vo? atmosphere. Trains. met by 
ot Low Cost 
Quiet lady's superior fiat. CHW. charm perfect rest. modern 
0 e tat ‘ rs | : id } r “ VU ce 2 
cuera) ine April Come for Easter. § hours from 
leaaing < 
@ % ra » Za W “ae | Sunny very quiet 
. . MONK, HAMps tead GCelant, Par Tei. Fowey t24 
Se N 
SW } TRA a?! Cables JAYDEERC ARS. LONDON—I fort: ce ntral: reas terms Phone 3024. 
PRI 094} 
cooking facilities H C Moderate holiday or permanent 
. atmo Moderate te ' 
BED.and. BRE 7erias ‘Available £0r_sho 7 terms. Ph Nutley 96, 
you. Central for all amenities. Mr, 
Hotel (Seafront) — Quiet and f 
Mrs. Paine, 
don, W.1 MAY: 3692/3 
office. 25 years’ experience at your service SCOTLAND. 
Kntchtabridee 4311 
Qui sunny rooms, single or double Bed. breakfast, light 
35 bedr 
SOLOISTS WANTED bedrms. H. & C. P.O Tel. radio 
Delicious and satisfying food. 

3 % 

refs. Box F- One Norway 8! REAL ESTATE FOR SALE 

ston 15, Mass 

Best refs Boston or suburbs..Write Box Aa re well elec Near Dr 

auto, home, apt. C. 
Sanford Ave.. FLushing 8-4440 WN 


repaired: keys duplicated for 
Albert, 163-0) 

s ¢ *. also offer the following services: 

M.G. Magnetie Saleens and M.G.A. 
Tailor (Clients visited if required). 127 

‘Sports Also full AUSTIN range. 
Ifield Rd. (Off Redcliffe S8q.' Ss. W. 

Fhe Penmieil Pr . 
'r optional, 
EE ERE Ray EE PE 3—Slumberland beds; H. 
eading, tight housework. Live itn_ or LONDON “THE TULIPS HOTEL” 
Strand, Lond , Close. Marble.Arch: 
accommodation require 13 Beaufort Gdns., 8.W.3. — o 
responsib! seeks post as housexeeper 
45 Bedrooms, Elec. Lift. Beach Hut, 
CATERER (taiso experienced cierical) re- 
56 Christchurch Road—25 bedrooms. 
KEN. 7747-5227-8 (London. PRINTING | Mr. and Mrs. Langley. 
Miss Birchenough, 27 Grand Ave. 
rch Printing an E 
ancaster Mews 
Enjoy Your Visit to London We Welcome You. Tel. 2788 
NO By _u -. JOB T55 SMALL 
“oma Prin nt 
T avel in style in f our latest 1956! Nelsen a FE. Saunders, 29 Seuth End Ra Term 5 6 to 9 gns. Mr. and Mrs. Rogers. 
ransport ta dio, 
ties that iG—Reliable Prompt attention and Mrs. Denzil A. Taylor 
full details on reques your requirements Sea 
312 .Earis Court Rd., Raul s.W.5 every 
London ist 
za food 
Line n,. etc. Nes Church and 
RENT A NEW CAR - ne portation Electric 
2 po of £2.17.6. per week. Business H Ideal Touring Centre 
K. 31 
ONTOS N.W.6.—1-2 large sunny rooms,|_.™ment HAYLE 2031, 
from over 
Temporary or permanent. HAM: 3064 ,not able food in Georgian manor giert- 
repure has e plan fo r “overseas LONDON — Ls double London by famous express. Brochure 6: 
| -~4*>- gGns.-weenkty 
Kar. Hire.  ———— $0.20<1)..a0me~ ; “SEAFORD Crouctiield Hotel—Ove 
In Paris 83/85 Avenue de la sitting 
LONDON, WIMBLEDON COMMON — At. —J2mJly_ hotel. Phone 4411. 
rent Nr aatee 20._mins. Waterloo Clock House Private 
per ome Bayswater, London x K 130. “TORQUAY— ines Hotel,” St. Marge 
and Mrs. L. Keen. Tel.: 883846. 
p> remporary staf supplied at BOND ST —snonge ve poveeas 
London leave it London or 
| Ys Brompton Read SERV ICE ROOMS 
_ EDINBt RGH — Comfortable, 
¢ ARS FOR SALE thot ye cold t 136 Lexham Gardens. 58 Braid Ra Te} 5415 54 
rms. Comfort htng Elevator. Mr. 
Demonstrations are arranged 8 to 9 gns. weekly accor ing to season. 
Tel. FRE 4926: Res. FRE, &799. 

Box K.99, 
Richmond Hi) Su W 2 Pad 0544. 
|LADY WILLING GIVE TEMPORARY electric fires; central: 15/6 to iv’ 
service by the hour; nea;r London Sal 58 Inverness Ter 
. - nt wr en . nanan 
LADY SEEKS | arm secretary, LONDON, NR. HABRODS—Service rooms 
163/4 Strand, London 
Bournemouth—Mr. and Mrs. 
companio Willing travel. Box K.:472 
6 mins. sea. Summer terms from 10 gns. 
qtires part=time work, London. “Mrs 
SERVICES, Terms 6 gns. to 9 gns. Telephone 857. 
ath LS 
CARS FOR HIRE neers - ne ne BOURNEMOUTH—Tei. Southbourne 49016. 
OURO es 
Richmond Te YEN 
2 a ree nae RE 
Unlimited gasolinete.alt American-- +-- Lett a Die-Stamp: Paes RNEMOUTH, Gainsbor. Hotel... Duge 
one Qi 
J/drive cars the, comforts ndon, N.W.3. HAM 6862 BRIGHTON, SUSSEX 
membership and ali the nhecessi 
Printer. Marske-bv- ‘Headley. 103 Marine Parade, 
will have o1 tee e attention 
: | OTEL, Carbis Bay. wil be r@<_ 
LONDON, © We en “well { furn! shed red divan| he: 
yen “Wimear” guests, 
light included | CoRR WaT PENMARE HOUSE HOTEL, 
iy x . 31, 163/4 Strand. London St eae Beautiful 
For Britain and Europe Travel ‘oe . —— 
own dining- kitchen toilet to let CORNISH RIVIERA (Central): 
T . 57 63 r 4) 
or Box K~-457T, 1663/4 Strand. tondon isly situated on Powey Estuary, reopen- 
“ rite te brochure Sen} 
GOOF, ns, eal 
‘Babma aes St.. Piccadilly Circus, Lon ing sea; quiet, good food, modern come 
Paris, J6e... Telephone... Arnold, 
tractive furn. diven bed-sitinerooms: SUSSEX, ASHDOWN FORE: 
0 The Grange Wimbledon 8S Wd l~“Lovely “grounds: good 
}/4 Strand ‘pron Pony Ww.c . ehureh Road, where a welcome awaite 
_ WESTON - SUPER - MARE. The Aucklan 
BUREAU “17. South Molton St. Lon- —Jtlephone 1031 
Glasgow. No charge to orgina! 
Phone ’ oe 
‘we hay PRIVATE Gt EST HnOoOT<F = situated woest hose. 
— al al = , > 
Mrs Stevenson. Phone CENtra! 1101. 
H. & C & Int. spring beds in all rooms 

C-7, One NorwWay St.. Boston 15. Mas table 

are pers SOl 


wavside aT nd 
\derson Rou 
Flor da 

~ N. ¥i—7 

sy te 
te a Pi 

Office Rented: | 

as result of 
Monitor advertising — 

Bo x séaY Or ancdo 
‘BAYPORT. L. I -Tm. split. 

bedrooms, 1'> Daths, playrm.. laundr 

- hed gars i minum storms 
fens, ki t pilot. $15,000 


MATI RE MAN AND WIFE desire relocate 
Eastern States Man exp claim clerk a 
Ww! stenographer. Willing exchange RAs port 8-27 
services for home. small salary. Box 
ORLANDO, FLA.—By owner. 2 
masonary home; all lar 

S-43. 588 5th Ave ait York 36. N Y 
SITUATIONS WANTED | 22 As sheske toons oben Martel 
A Ba ye gs grr nent 7 srereeetan “Thank you for your kind 
ari "O (For Sale)—5-yr. lease 
¥ Compl. equipment for 50-seat restau- attention to the placement 
rant Busy produce mkt. area. $2,500 and splendid set-up of my 
down, Write for details. Box 22, Room» advertisement. | am happy to 
815, 625 : t We . : : 
5 25 Market St.. San Francisco | report that the first issue in 
HOUSES FURNISHED which it appeared brought a 
www ae | response which resulted i 
FT. LAUDERDALE, FLA.—Beaut. water- | . of tien ted in the 
front, 2-bedrm., 2-bath Dock. Heat, | —Fental OF my office. 
phone, TV. Mo. or: season. Also Seth | 
and twin-bedrms., priv. ent. and bath. 
M. Worthiey, "$28 SE. 9th St. 

ge rooms. 2512 

EAGER TO SERVE — Secretary 
OXY interview, tionist, « 

| (Mi dtown) 588 wifith, Ave 

| New York 36 

able daytime _ 4 
nings TR 6- agse ; 

me ce te 

|\ WOMAN would like the care of 

| apt. or elderivy lady Call 
6-4330, apt. 620. Williams. 


experienced, avail- 
C. only. Phone eve- 


The Christion Science Monitor 
| One Norway Street, Boston 15, Mess. 

For unselfed service, personal growth and abate 
advancement, part and full time repre- LINCOLN OR “CONCORD. 
sentative work. Educational materia! Youne family (2 children} 
‘Liberal commission; optional locations: bedrm. house. or Ist fl apt. 
refs. Write exper, education, etc. Box Write te Box @ 33, One Norway “St... 
.X-5, 588 Fifth Ave.. New York 36. N. ¥ Boston 15 Mass 


Please send me a free copy of the 
booklet, “Ciossified Advertising ~ rings 


Sé€ ae tion 
Garage accommodat on for 
m-pressu re i ubricat 10On., 
noveriaul . 
lauffeur-driven hire service with late 
warm Humber Pullmans will take 
you anywhere at ant time 


. FREmantie £461/2/3 

KEESHOND DOG—3 Months; good pedi-| 
gree; carefully reared: lively; affec- 

On any of the above cars. 

Firm erders accepted for later delivery 
on all the above medels. 
GUIGNARD 10 Monmouth Read 
Londen,W.2? BAY. 5216 


of good used cars always 

100 cars 

repairs and Stace Training. Films. 

Televimen. Acting. 
Ringing. Dancing. | 
May we help yeu in Mountain and 
jt Pacific Coast states of USA. ‘Alesha, and 

— Church Close. London, W.8 
WES. 0702 


fionate: Woodiwiss, 310 Alfreton Road, |/PEDSITING BM:, use Kitehen and bath. 
2 . . _ ‘ 

Sutton in Ashfield, Notts. Tel. London. N. W. 9. ” COLINDALR 4333. | 

“BEACUSE, YOU LOVE NICE THINGS” Crossword Quiz Answers 

45 ‘Geadaie a Street..London W.1 
Gowns. Suits. ete.. created by Top 
Conturiers (Mannequin worn and new) 
)at_ very modest prices. Tel REG 2342. 


| Strand. London. W.C.2._ TEM. 0256. Du- 
; plicating, Addressing, Typewriting. Di.) 

ec . 

J. R. STIBBS, Monument Chambers. 55. 
King William 8t., London, E.C4. MAN 


Buy Savings Bonds "ANNING A TRIP?” 

3629. All typewriting, duplicating = 

: R 

rts ond hotels advertised in 

| You oul | find excellent 
A Geod Investment | 


SHORTHAND TYPISTS, clerks, telephon- 
ists, temporary staff also. TRIANGLE 

nd Guiction Science Morte 

Green Lanes, Palmers | 
6 7. 


ance ays vege I Ses i oer 

e he 3 ve - 

he RKC RES A MOON alae teen EDEN 

be ‘ 

Green, Londo 

Bie Ne lee a mins tate gait = INR BY 2S Mixes 

¥. 44. Pas. 

sin tetiyak tafe 

land St.—Near Lord Street—Dxcellent es 

berks are: ee 32 


Chamberlain Situation 

Stirs Ire of Bostons 

By Bob Wilkin 
Sports Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 

. Nobody. re 
headline-making squabble any 
better than the owners of the 
National Basketball Association | 
teams. And, for that matter, few 
verbal and psychological equip- 

ment for waging a bristling | 

battle ot words in the news- 
papers as adroitly as have these | 
same promoters. 

Actually, this willingness. to. 
lock horns with any and all 
adversity has been the key to 
their survival. The NBA is only 
now beginning to operate in 
“the black.” For years it was a 
bleak, losing proposition and it | 
took men with courage, tenacity, 
downright stubbornness, an 

t. to stick it out. 

“Maurice Podoloff, diminutive 
czar of the sport of giants, took 
abuse and gave the same in 
aWesome quantities but never 
forgot how to chuckle—and fight 
back. Club owners have even 
béen set upon by fans. Vocal 
pyrotechnics have been the hall- 
mark of the rough and tumble 
NBA—and when the day comes 
that this organization adopts the 
céurse of “soft answers,” a sig- 
nificant amount of vitality and 
fun will have passed fram the 
sports scene. 

Print It! 

In the early days, promoters 

had to plot and scheme for any | 

angle by which to gain NBA 
games a place on sports pages 
throughout the country. The 
only way promoters could make 
money was to have people come 
to’ the games and the only way 
they could get them there was 
to create interest and the only 
one way or another—publicity. 

Perhaps the most relentless of 
the publicity hunters is Eddie 
Gottlieb of the ~Phitadetphia 
Warriors, whose approach is un- 
wavering as it is direct — “It 
don't matter what you print— 
but print it.’ Not the epitome 
of Madison Avenue public relq- 

Philadelphia Pair 
Ready to Overhaul 
Bob Pettit’s Lead 

By the Associated Press 

New York 
With Bob Pettit’s left arm in 
a cast a Nationa! Basketball As- 
Sociation scoring record seems 

out of the question, and Phila~/ wijson) and Matt Zunic of Bos- | the point récord for left w 

delphia’s Paul Arizin and Neil | 
Johnston appear ready to cut 
off a bid for a second straight 
title by the St. Louis scoring 

Pejtit, the 6-9 former All- 
America “who tookéd to be mM 
position to topple George Mi- 

kan’s one-season record of 1,932 | 

points, sustained a fracture 
_ against Boston last Friday, Feb. 
15, seriously reducing his scor- 
ing potential. He had averaged 
30:7 points a game through his 
previous 21 starts until Sunday | 
—when, with the cast on 
arm, he played only 2 minutes 
and was scoreless. 

Pettit still tops the scoring list 
with 1,626 points and 28.1 aver- 
age with 14 games remaining— 
but Arizin is right behind with 
1,486 and a 25.2 average. Then, 
comes Johnston at 1,418 and 24.0. 
Both Warriors have one less 
game remaining than Pettit. 

Official statistics released Feb. 
19 show that Maurice Stokes of 
Rochester and Boston's Bill 
Sharman virtually are assured 
of... one-season records; -Stokes 
has recovered 1,048 rebounds 
and needs only 117 in his 13 re- 
maining games to break Pettit’s 
record of last season. Sharman’s 
.921 foul shot percentage is well 
ahead of the 1952 mark set by 
Rochester's Bobby Wanzer at 

Bob Cousy of Boston leads the 
assists table, as usual, with 432. 
Johnston's .459 field goal’ per- 
centage also is well ahead of 
the pack. 

G PG Fr Pts “AVE. 

we Oo 


. Syracuse 
_ Boston 
Lovellette. Minn ‘ 
Yardley, Ft. Wayne ! 
Sharman, Poston h 
Twyman. Rochester ! 
Macauley, St. Louis ! 

Red Sox Veteran 
Signs 57 Pact 

By the eacisted Press 

- - fF) 0D Dt OS BO BO 
Qaarooorww &< 


Boston Red Sox’General Man- | 
Joe Cronin huddled with | 
Mickey Vernon and signed the 


veteran first baseman to a con- 
tract, Feb. 19. 

Vernon, who will be 39 in 
April, batted 310 for the Boston 
club last season. 

With the signing of Vernon 
the Sox reduced their list of tin- 
signed players to six—pitcher 
Rudy Minarcin, catcher Sammy 
White, infielders Billy Klaus 
and Ted Lepcio and outfielders 
Jimmy Piersall and Gene 

College Basketball 

Results Feb. 18 
By the Associated Press 

Villanova 84, Scanton 68 
Boston College 94, Stonehill 
Alfred 73, Buffalo State 63 

Michigah State 89 Illimois 83. 
Purdue 66. Michigan 63. 

Indiana 90, Iowa 76. 
Minnesota 85, Wisconsin 53 
Kansas State 81. Nebraska 56. 


Detroit 87. a 

Missouri 98. Marquette 76. 

Wabash 97. Southwestern ‘Tenn.) 73. 
Ohio University 75, Toledo 55 

‘to do that was to get—§| 

‘and L. 



Every | WED. 


lishes.a good, lusty, | tions, _perhaps,. but..the earthy . 

method necessary ~~ to create, 
maintain, and finally “put over” 
the NBA. 

On Feb. 11, volatile Gottlieb 
broke bread with. Boston’s vola- 
'tile basketball writers and vent- 
ed a vitriolic and voluminous 
volly on the high-flying Boston 
Celtics in the nature of hardly- 
| veiled allusions at specific Bos- 
ton recruiting incidents: lt made 
(the big black headlines Gottleib 
was after, to be sure. 

Tit for Tat 

| At the following week's 


eon, Walter A. Brown, owner of 
‘the Boston Celtics, kept the 

qd NBA in the public's attention by | 

scourging the Philadelphia War- 
‘riors indirectly and dramatically. 
He indicated that Kansas’ phe- 
nomenal seven-foot, high-scoring 
sophomore, Wilt Chamberlain, 

future property of the profes- | 

sional Philadelphia Warriors, 
“had proselyted himself to go to 
college and no NBA team 
could possibly pay him what he 
gets (at Kansas).” 

At. Lawrence, Kan., 
Harp, basketball coach 
‘Kansas Jayhawks, said 
statements are too ridiculous to 
(dignify by comment.” 

Chamberlain and Kansas ath- 
'letic director A. C. Lonborg had 
no comment, 

Brown..alsosaid that-profes- 
sional hockey has taken over 
from professional basketball as 
a television attraction and at- 
tributed this to _ disinterested 
performances by the announcing 



while retorts blaze 
the sports columns, 
boxoffices jump to keep up with 
ticket demands and other good 
things happen to the NBA. For 
instance, .the first “Old .Timers” 
game was played in. conjunction 
with the annual All-Star game 
this year and was a great hit 
with the crowd and the players. 
In appreciaton to Walter Brown, 
who originated the “Old ‘Timers 
‘idea, the players themselves 
 cnesnebed an engraved plate 
(along with a huge birthday cake 
ito the Celtics owner at the 

The sparks fly, the turnstiles 
whirl, and everyone is very, 
very happy. 

Briefs . . . Rick Wilson, bas- 
ketball coach of Amherst (and 
brother of the White Sox’ Jim 

ton University will coach the 
contending teams in the second 

annual Hall of Fame cage game | 

at Brandeis, March 16...... Henry 
Salaun won his seventh straight 
| Massachusetts. ... state... squash. 
|championship by defeating Har- 
vard senior Ben Heckscher at 
the Harvard Chub. 

Northeastern. BC 

En joy Hockey Wins 

his | 

Two exciting college hockey 
games took place at the Arena 
last night. Perhaps..the opening 
contest had the real highlights 
so far as neutral spectators were 
concerned. Dartmouth, trailing 
Boston College 5-2 at the end of 
two. periods, slammed in.four.. 
'goais in four minutes and 55 sec- 
onds from the opening face-off | 
of the third period. BC, however, 
played steadily and finally edged 
the Green with an 8-7 score. 

In-the second game, a surpris- 
ing and indefatigable Northeast- 
rern squad erased’ Boston Univer= 
sity’s last hope of a berth in the 
NCAA playoffs at Colorado 
Springs next month. Sophomore 
coach Jimmy Bell’s Huskies 
rounded out a neat, hard-hitting 
4-2 victory over Harry Clever- 
ly’s better-manned group, 

Sports in Brief 
By the Associated Press 



‘Pancho Gonzales “strete hed his 
series lead over Australian Ken 
Rosewall to-9-4..A--crowd.-of al- 
most 4,000, believed to be the 
biggest ever to see a tennis 
match in Texas, saw Gonzales 

down. Rosewall.8—6,.5—7, 6—4,- 

Colombo, Ceylon 
-Althea Gibson: of New-York 
Fonseka of Ceylon de- 
feated the Indian tearm of Umma‘! 
Vasudeva and S. Sundara, 6—0, 
'§—0;- In a2 women’s ‘aoubles 
| quarter-final of the Asian Ten- 

nis Championships. 

The Australian Lawn Tennis 
Association, banned its power 
packed corps of rising young 
‘tennis stars from competing in 
the Italian championships in 


Lake Worth, Fla. 
Alvin Dark, St. Louis Cardi- 
nals* shortstop, with a one-over 
par 71 took the lead after the 

first round of the 54-hole Caval- | 

cade of Championse 

San Francisco 
(Pappy) Waldorf, 
as head 


i who 

| fornia last fall, joined the pro- 
fessional San Francisco 49ers as 
director of personnel. 


vara de Cardenas of Havana, 
took the lead in point competi- 
tion by finishing third 
second race of the annual Mid- 


1 Ohio State Universit 


'fieldhouse was designated by the | 
| National Collegiate Athletic As-| 
| sociation as site for a first-round | 
double-header March 12 in the. 
university division NCAA Bas- | 

ketball Championships. 
Ann Arbor, Mich, 

field coach at the . University | 
of Michigan, and Chalmers. 
(Bump) Elliott, another former 
Michigan backfield star, was re- 
ported in the city—possibly to 
discuss the position. 

the | 
“the: | 

football | 
‘coach at the University of Cali- | 

The-Kurush- }V,-saiied-by- Al-} 

in the | 

winter Star Class Yacht Regatta. | 

Don Robinson quit as back-| 


OT AR Me cere omRT me. Pg mee oe 

—— —— 7 
Pe eA Te tg ee 


1s Celtis and Warriors 

Yanks Get Ditmar. _ 
In Deal With A’s 

By the Associated Press 
New York . 

The New. York Yankees 
obtained righthanded pitcher 
Art Ditmar and_ lefthanded 
pitcher Bobby Shantz Feb. 19 
in a 13-player deal with 
Kansas City that sent pitchers 
Mickey McDermott, Tom 
Morgan, and Rip.Coleman.te 
the Athletics. 

The huge deal, surpassed 
only by the l17-man_ trade 
which the Yankees made with 
Baltimore in 1954, was an- 
snounced at a noon news con- 
ference by the Yankees. 

The Kansas City club also 
obtained infielders Billy 
Hunter and Milt Graff and 
outfielder..Irv Noren, plus a 
young player to be named 
later. | 

The New Yankees, in addi- 
| tion to Ditmar and Shantz, 
_ are infielders Cletis Boyer and 
Wayne Belardi, pitcher Jack 
McMahan and a player te be 
identified later. 

Howe and Lindsay 
Passing Beliveau 

By the Associated Press 


A three-game scoring 
has hustled Detroit's 
Gordie Howe 
Montreal into 
point lead in 
Hockey League. 
Four goals and three 
a total of seven points, 




— or 
veau, picking up only one goal 
during last week's games, tum- 
bled to third with 67 points as 
Ted Lindsay, the other half of 
Detroit's. scoring punch, _fol- 
lowed on Howe's shirttail to 
take second with 69. 

Howe’s 36 goals, also tops in 
the NHL-put him within’ range” 
of the one-season record set by 
‘+ Montreal’s Richard with 50 in 
1944-45. He also could come 
close to his own record of 95 
points set in 1952-53. 

Lindsay, tied with Howe for 
second place a week. ago, could 
, wind up close to the one-sea- 
}son record for assists at his 
present rate. He leads the league 
with 44. The record is 56 by 
Montreal’s Bert Olmstead last | 
season. Lindsay also could pass 
Cain of 

ee | 

Howe's season total to 71. 

set at 82 by Herbie 
| Boston in 1943-44. 
| Glenn Hall of Detroit 
the top-ranked goalie, 
ponents. averaging 
The scoring leaders: 
Player Club 
Hewe, Detroit. 
| Lindsay, Detroit 
| Beliveau. Montreal 
Bathgate New York 
| Litzenberger. Chicago 
'Unman, Detroit 
Moore. Montreal 
M. Richard, Montreal 
Olmstead. Montreal 
H, Richard Mont tea 

still is 
With -op- 
only 2.13 

Clev eland’s Glover er 
Making Serious Bid 

For AHL Point Title, 

By the Ascrocial ted Dress 
New York 

of the Cleveland 
10 years a pro, 

Fred Glover 
Barons, is mak- 
ing his first real bid for a scor- 
ing championship with a pace- 
setting 38 goals and 83 points in 
the American Hockey League, 
League statistics released Feb. 

show the 29-year-old, 5-9 
also is tied for in 
with 45 while standing 
| just- one point short of his all- 
,tume scoring high of 84 with 

Indianapolis in 1950-51. 

Glover hasn’t got it made. 
however. Teammate Jimmy 

Moore is righi behind with 
qspetnrts,..mostof them: “trot - 

league-leadiny total of 56 as- 

sists. Willie Marshall of Hershey, 

adding erght points tast week, i 

next with 74, one more » thee 

fourth place Bo Elik of Cleve- 


center second 




allowed 14 goals in four games 
-dast-week, but still has the best 
average among regular 
tenders’ Tri a Bbreéze—2.47. 
The. scoring leaders: 
Player. Club 
Glover. Cleveland 
Moore, Cleveland , 
Marshall. Hershey 
Elik, Cleveland 
Larivee. Providence 
*Horvath Rochester 
Fisher, Hershey 
Wharram. Buffaio 
Wilson. Buffalo 
Hannigan, Rochester 


NBA Basketball 
By the Associated Press 

Eastern Division 
Won Lost 

Roston 17 2 
Philadelphia 2 
New York 29 
Syracuse 28 
"9 8 


‘Rochester y 

Minneapolis 25 
Tonight's Schedule 

at New York 
Wayne at St. Louis 

Tomorrow's Schedule 
Rochester at Minneapolis 

Bald Nine Leaves 


By the Associated Press 
El Monte, Calif. 
Baseball coach Bill Davis of 
El Monte high school, who 
wears a butch haircut, has a 
distaste for long-haired boys. 
Recently he announced that 
the squad member with the 
longest hair would have to 
earry the bat bag through the 


This week, the baH team 
showed up in school with their 
heads shaved, bald as base- 
| Coach Davis, silentae re- 

signed himself to carry the 
| bat bag for the season. 


spree | 


| Kamp 

Lumade up ef CH -Rieeo,-Ch. 

' Boston 

Ras + 

Johnny Bower ‘of Providence | 

goal- | 

Coach Holding Bag 

In NHL Point Race Associated Press. 

Ch. Barrage of Quality Hill, a boxer owned by Mr. and Mrs. 
Joucette Shovse of Washington, shown here with handler Jane 

show, Feb. 

Kamp of Holliston, Mass., is entered in the Eastern Dog Club 
22-23 at Mechanics Building. The dog was chosen 

best of breed in the boxer division of the Westminster Kennel 
Club show recently held in Madison Square Garden, N.Y, 

Afehan Is Seeking Best 

astern Dog Shaw Win 

Can Ch. Shirkhan of Grandeur, 
the Afghan hound which won top 
honors in the Westminster Ken- 
ne] Club show, do it again’ 

If the Afghan is successful in 
its bid to repeat its New York 
victory, it will become the 
first of its breed to wim best-in- 
show laurels in the Eastern Dog 
Club show, 

Three other Westmins 
will renew their 
Shirkhan at the 
which ns a 
at Mechanics Buile 9 Friday. 
for Phaser sy {rs against 
the surprise Westminster victor 
will be Ch. Barrage of Quality 
Hill, a boxer owned by Mr. and 
Mrs. Joucette Shouse of Wash- 
ington and handled by Jane 
of Holliston: Ch. Road- 
Roadster, a Dalmation 
bred in Dover and owned by 
Mrs. S. K. Allman, Jr. of Dovles- 
town, Pa.: and Westhay Fiona of 
Harham,_an-_Airedale owned by 

Harold M. Florsheim, 

Sternést Competition 

The boxer and dalmatian are 
expected to offer the Afghan its 
sternest competition in its bid to 
break down the breed barrier for 
Eastern best in show, 

The Maltese team entry of Dr. 
and Mrs. Vincenzo Calveresi of 
Bedford will be closely watched 
as it seeks to add to its West- 
minster laurels. The team 


ter final- 
rivalry with 
Eastern event 
t’ day stand 





Ceto of 


Ch. Renee 
Malta E 

S cy*: 

taken Eastern titles in five of the | 

last seven years. 

There will. be. 
minster breed winners comin 
Ten of the 22 
the group judging. One 
dogs, Cah, Merriedly 
George, an old English sheep- 
dog owned by Mr. and Mrs 
Marvin Kucker, placed second in 
“the working “group. 

1,444 Entries 
The Eastern event has 
tracted 1,444 entries repre 
ing 90 breeds. The poodles, 
125. will have the larges 
sentation. The 1956 
poodie Ch, Wilbur 

will not defend. 
Second most ah Ao breed 
will be the dachshund with 9S 
entries. Other top| breeds include 

ae = 

g to 

of the 

t repre- 
winner, toy 

White Swan. 


| ea ES SY WR 

: Ski €onditi tions 

Bu the Assoctated Press 

Forecast—Fair and colder 
night. Wednesday fair and cald 
with temperatures remaining 
below freezing. 

New Hampshire: 
iCannol Mt 5 



| powder. partis 

good, ope...s 


To excel tent 
Mt.: 4 to 


fair to good poor to 

iCal lair 

Iknap’! 4 to 15 ran- 
to good good 

Lyme Center (Dartmouth Skiwas® 2 
1 } granular. partiv cioudy Lair 
good ng ee fatr iower 

thin granu! 
I fair lower 
thin powder 

iCranmore) 4 to 15 
mh granular, clear, poor upper 

31 to 60. more than 8 

10, thin 

clear good spri ng ing 
‘Pleasant Mt 

clear, fair upper, !f 


Kingfis la 

S te -25 l 
air to good 
‘Sugarloaf) 4 
partiy cloudy. good 
(Hogback) 4 t6 20. 
cloudy. fair-to good 

‘(Dutch Hill) 4 to 
ries fair 

‘Smuggiers = h) 
snowing, excellent 
‘Okemo Mt: 4 to 25 
cloudy, good upper. poor 

§ to 
gooa upper 

to 20. packed 

' powder =e i 
6 powder flur 
4 powder 
ey ll 
| low 
Lyndonvi He 
| powder. light 
to -excellent 
Manchester (Big Bromiey) 2 
| powder, snowing. fair to good 
Manchester (Snow Valley) 
owder. light snow. good 
Middlebury (Snow Bowl) 
. light snow. 

16 to 
l gran- 
to fair 

(Burke Mt.) 


is, § 

to 20, 2 

ood to excellent 

North Troy iJay eak) 16 to 25. 10 
new packed powder. -cloudy, excellent 
| upper, good to excelent lower. 

Rutland (Pico Peak) 
der. light snow. 
| §$towe (Mt. 
| Peak) 16 to 4, 
to excellent. 
| Waitsfield 
| powder. light 
to excellent 


fair upover, 

(Mad River) 

16 to 40. 3 
good upper, good | 

(Mt. Snow) 11 to 45. 2 
snowing, good upper, excellent | 


Windsor Mt. Ascutney 5 to 10, 6 gran- 
ular. clear, good to excellent 

Woodstock ‘Suicide Si«).2-4e-15. thin 
frozen granular. partly cloudy, spring 
skiing conditions, 


Greenfield (Mohawk Trail Skiway) 1 
to 10, thin granular, partly cloudy, fair 
to £z 

Hancock (Jiminy Peak) ¢ te 15. 5 

powder. cloudy, fair to good upper. 
good lower. 

22..other .West- | 

placed In 

6 to 25. 7} 


4 to 15. 2 pow- | 
good lower. | 
and Spruce | 
3 powder, cloudy, g00d | 



the German collies, 
cocker spaniels and Great Danes. 

The show will be conducted in 
10 rings with some 86 stewards 
handling the events. 

A special feature to the show 
will be an exhibition of retriev- 
ers at work by Johan de Besche 
of Westville, N.H. These demon- 
strations will be held Satur- 
day 3:30 and again at 7:00 



Light Specialties 

Another feature will be the 
appearance Miss Madeliene 
Norcross of Boston with her see- 
ing eye She will be on hand 
Friday afternoon and again Sat- 
urday evening to answer ques- 
tions and show he , a Ger- 
man shepherd 

Eight specialties are listed 
part of the two-day affair, whic “h 
also will include the N.E. Train- 
ing. Club’s Obedience trial and 
exhibition and relay races by 
trained aog: 

Breed judging 
Fridayr~- ane 
morning programs. The variety 
groups will assume the rings Sat- 
urday afternoon. The show will 
wind up at about 11 o’clock Sat- 
urday night when Mrs. Geraldine 
R. Dodge of Madison, N.J. selects 

The group judges will be Mrs 
Sherman Hoyt, sporting: John J 
Mansfield. hound: John W. 
Cross,..Jr.,-werkine. Theodore -C 
Hollander, terrier: Mrs t0% 
Webber, toy: and Mrs. Edward 
P. Renner, non-sporting 


1 ao 


will fll 


Harvard Band Set 
For Sox ‘Opener’ 

Harvard University’s march- 
ing band will add to the pre- 
game festivities April 18 when 
the Boston Red Sox open the 

|..3957 American ‘League -base- 

ball season against the New 
York Yankees at Fenway Park. 

The addition of the band to 
the pregame program was an- 
nounced .by the -sports com- 
mittee of the Greater Boston 
Chamber of Commerce, which 
is handling opening day cere- 

Strong American 

Entry Shows Well 
In British Squash 

By the Associated Press 

Nine Americans out of the 
14-strong entry won their first | 
round matches in the British 
Women’s Amateur Squash 
Rackets Championship at the 
Lansdowne Club. 

| was 
| Watson, 
| 10—8, 10—8, 5—9, 9—7. 
Mrs. Betty Constabie, Prince=" 

In the only big upset Feb. 
| Mrs. 

Peggy White of Rochester, 
one of the seeded players, 
defeated by Mrs. 
Yorkshire champion, 

ton, N.J.. Mrs. 

: White's sister, 
advanced to the 

second round 


over Jane Covell, England. Mrs. 

| Constable is the U.S, champion. 

Mrs. Baba 
deteated Sally 
10—8. 9—0 
Mrs Frances 
defeated Mrs. P. 
+—9. 1—9. 9 
Jane Butler England defeated Mrs 
Sally Shand, San Antonio, Texas. 2—98, 
i—8. #—3. $—5. 9-2 

Ann Priee. 
Shephard. Boston, Mass 
g- 1 

first round results in- 

Lewis. Newtonville 
Cook, England 

9— 3 

fF Owe rT, 

Engiand, 9—0 

defeated Ann 
0, §—7 

o—5. 9—!] 

Mrs. R Pottinger. England, de- 
‘feated Mrs Chariot te Prizer. Philadei- 
Dhia, 7—9. 9— —2. o— 

Mrs. Pegey Carrott, Greenwich, 
Conn.. defeated Miss V. J, Foster, Eng- 
land, o—s -9—3 3-2 

Ann Wetzel, Philadelphia 
Miss T,. Stevenson, England. 

P H., 



9—5, 9-—5, 

Barbara Clement 
defeated Miss A. Cloke. 
Westport Conn 
England, 9—3. 
England. default 
B. Davidson. England. defeated 
Lou! se wre Power, Philadelphia. 
i—9 1t—8 9—5. 
The Am Bon Z are in Britain 
Wolfe-Noe!l Cup Competition 
Engiand in London Feb. 27 



—. § 

for the 

Italians Elect 
. 60 Olym pic Head 

By the Associated Press 
Giulio Onesti, 46-year-old 
Rome lawyer, elected to 
his fourth term as President of 
Coni (Italian National Olympic 
Committee) which will organize 
the 1960 Olympic Games. 
Onesti’s four-year term will 
expire -seon after the games in 
1960. The Olympic Committee 
also reelected Dr. Bruno Zauli 
as secretary-general of Coni. 


Joyce | 

with a 9—3, 9—4, 9—4, victory | 

: oY 
. - 


| I can’t help feeling that Olym- 
| pic steeplechase champion, Chris 
/Brasher, should. not have re- 
‘turned home from Melbourne 
|via the United States. Or, at 
least, if he had to he should not 
have been entertained so lavish- 
ly and hospitably by those big- 


They have rather spoiled him, 
I think. That is the impression } 
got as I listened to him making 

of California and New 

his_reply of thanks to. Britain’s | 

sportswriters entertaining him 
|as number one of the six they 
|had voted to have done most to 
‘enhance British prestige inter- 
nationally during the preceding 
12 months. The steeplechase gold 
i'medalist related what had hap- 
pened when, striking while his 
iron of popularity was hot, he 
had appealed at a luncheon 
given in his honor in the wealthy 
‘London borough of Kensington 
in which he resides for a sum of 
£2,900. He wanted, as a retire- 
ment dream, to provide an indoor 
‘training center for track and 
field athletes. 
' started the appeal with a cheque 
of his amounting to £25. 
Today, some six weeks later, 
the fund is in the region of only 
£100 and a big disappointment 
to Brasher. But "hia is philosophi- 
cal about it, attributing the lack 
of response to characteristic 
British luke warmness about en- 
joying physical exercise other 
than by the hard way and to 
very heavy taxation. Americans 
donating to Olympic appeals and 
such similar charitable requests 
can offset the donations against 
income tax. Not so the British. 

Tough Trail 

Brasher’s travels abroad have 
shown him the excellent facili- 
ties to be enjoyed by athletes 
6f other countries. He is now of 
a mind that young British ath- 
letes folowing in -his footsteps 
need not find the going so nec- 
essarily tough as the trail he had 
to follow. At Cambridge Uni- 
versity, where Brasher was 
president of the athletic club. al! 
the training and racing had to 
be done on an oddly distanced 
cinder track (just over 500 
yards) and at times convenient 
to the cricketers occupying the 
center of the field. Then when 
he came “down” and started 
work with an oil concern, his 
‘only convenient winter train- 
ing facilities were when he man- 
aged to get along to the grounds 
as a guest of the professional 
+ Chetsea Football Cru. 

The provision of an .indoor 
training centergwould do a great 
deal to help in London and so 
make the tackling of and:*ad- 
herence to a training schedule 
at least a possible prospect for 
-an athlete aspiring to make the 
international grade, Only all- 
the-year rounders stand a 
chance of reaching the top in 
these -highty competitive” days 
of physical fitness. Because there 
is not one single indoor run- 
ining track in London it is nec- 

Brasher himself ' 


| Must 

And Talking Of s% 

By Sydne* Skilton 
Written for The Christian Science Monttor 
| essary 

for track men to come- 
plete their winter’s program out 
of doors. and often in the most 
unpleasantest of conditions, 
‘Maybe it is because of this 
Spartan preparation that Britain 
was able to produce Olympic 
medalists such as Brasher, Pirie 

Johnson and Ibbotson in face o 
hearted and wealthy sports mag-' 

opposition from prodigally pam- 
pered rivals. Anyway it was & 
revelation to most of the coune- 
tries challenging at the Olympie 
Games with full time superan- 
nuated athletes that it is still 
possible for some competitors to 
treat their sport as part time and 
yet parade with the medal win- 
ners. Stanch supporters of 
amateurism feel this fact helps 

to Keep sport in its proper pere 

spective and for that reason 
there is something rather gale 
lant about it. 
New Amateurism 

Opponents of it feel that in 
this international age it is gal 
lantry outmoded. They feel a@ 
new amateurism has arrived 
and it should be accepted with 
all honor to its past that it 
served so well. The new amae- 
teurs should not be obliged to 
foot the bill of their expenses 

'in representative sport and they. 
| should be provided with 

class training and travel amenie- 
ties at state expense. 

One of these opponents who 
spoke so feelingly about this 
new amateurism at the same 
sportswriters function was Miss 
Elaine Burtoh. The woman 
Member of Parliament was 
trere giving praise to Britain's 
two women Olympic gold 
medalists, Judy Grinham for 
backstroke swimming and Gile 
ian Sheen for fencing. The eloe 
quent Miss Burton used as an 
excuse for enlarging on the sube 
ject which for her has become Ly. 
knowledge that Gilian Sheen. 
and her fellow fencers had to’ 
find up to 30 shillings to replace 
every broken blade. “It’s dise 
graceful,” declared Miss Bure 
ton, “that any amateur should 
have to pay for equipment.” 

“Amateur sport in Switzere 
land, Italy, Germany, Norway, 
Denmark, Sweden, and Finland, 
is subsidized by money taken 
from football pools.” she dee 
clared. “Soviet amateurs have 
everything found by the State 
and I have yet to héar of Amer- 
ican athletes in difficuties over 
getting the facilities they want,” 
went on Miss Burton. “That ig 
the new amateurism. Britain 
accept it or. see 
slowly die. Each year the Treas- 
ury takes £2114 million out of 
football pools. I am not greedy 
or grasping. All I want is the 
half million plowed back again 
into sport.” 

The celebrated social worker 
sat down amid a-spentaneous 
burst of applause although not 
everybody agreed with hep, 
They, and count me amon 
them, are of the opinion that 
the solution, if one is needed, 
Hes somewhere between the 
Burton and Brasher courses. 

Holland Turns Down Petition. But 

Shirley Voters Approve Race Track 

By England 

Writer of 

Richard L. 
The Chr 
Shirley h 
World War II 
struction of 
town limits, T! 
to 449 for 
Ho! land, 
nua! town elec 
a bid tor 
Bellingham will 
on a dog track. 
Three other small towns have 
accepted race tracks since 1945; 
none of which has been con- 
structed. These are Lanesboro, 
East Brookfield, and. Westboro, 

The Shirley vete climaxed $a 
whirlwind campaign in which 
the horse “track became” thé 
hottest-issue to’ stir the town in 
a long time, It was the first time 
Shirley voted on the issue. Less 
than a month elapsed between 
the time the track was first pro- 
posed and the election. 

Voters apparently accepted 
the view of officials 
that the horse track would bring 
jobs, new tax revenue, and in- 
creased business to the town. 
Opponents of the track said it 
would bring eorruption, crime, 
lower moral standards, and in- 
creased town expenditures 

Surveys to Begin Soon 

teached this morning, William 
J. Downing, Littleton insurance 
and real estate broker, who 
along with contractor John J 
Silvester of Bolton, petitioned 
for the track, said he would em- 
bark on engineering studies and 
surveys “very shortly.” 

He and his partner have an 
option on 93 acres of land 

ence Monitor 
as become the fourth 



approve con- 
track within 



ie vote Was 

the track. 
so voting in an an- 
tion, turned down 
a-race track 156 to 107. 
WETS “Proposer “Norse 
vote March 

located only about a mile from | 
’ They 

ito identify their backers. 
7 to 36, 1) 

of Fort Devens. 
steadfastiv refuséd 

main gate 

In an earlier statement they 

Monet Exhibit Extended 

| ter 
At Boston Art Museum 
The Boston Museum of Fine 

Arts announces it will extend 
through Feb. 24 its “Tribute to 
“Monet,” the special \ exhibition | 
of the museum's coljection of 33° 
'paintings by the French artist. 

More than 59,802 persons have 
seen the exhibit since it was 
opened five weeks ago. 

The Milwaukee Braves’ long- 
est 1956 winning streak was 11 
games while their longest losing 

streak was five games. 

would _ seat 
persons and 
than a million 

‘said the track 
around 20,000 
would cost more 
dollars to build 
Shirley is called a 
town” by some officials 
said to be in need of new 
trv to provide jobs 
some of the tax 
pected to result 
new construction 
school, police 
erage system. 

It is 
and absorb 
burden _eX- 
from possible 
of a high 
station, and sew- 
Before the 


track would 
industries that 
rélocatée in the 

approval of 
drive away 
“mignt want 
Selectmen Reelected 
Holland was in a position dif- 
ferent from that of Shirley. 
Last vear neighboring Stur- 
track proposed by the same man 

-who petitioned this year for the - 

A. Bilan- 
Marblehead Neck. 
interest in racing, 

HoHand traek. James 
chard Il of 

ten rt-wes- feared by some that 

years old. 

One opponent 
Gladwin K. Lusk, 
turning point 

is more than two 
of the track, 
said that the 
in the campaign 
came when Mr. Blanchard spoke 
at a Feb. 8 hearing attended by 
more than a hundred persons 

Defeated as chairman of the 
board of assessors was James W. 
Davis, who signed Mr. Blan- 
chard’s petition for the track. 

Altthree Holland ~selectm 
Wd “Voted CS “put the track ete 
erendum.on the ballot 
elected. In Shirley, one of the 
two selectmen who favored the 
track was returned to office. The 
‘other two were not up for re- 

Results in 1954 Cited 

In..1954,. Holland. voted to .per- 
mit racing in the county by a 
year Shirley voted approval of 
racing by a much heavier plu- 
rality 457 to 308. 


In neither town did the .op- 
ponents of the track organize to 
a-great.extent. In Holland about 
40 neighbors reportedly rang 
doorbelis and distributed leaflets, 
but there was no formal come 
mittee and no chairman. 

In Shirley, antitrack residents 
had planned to organize forme 
ally, but backed away from us- 
ing their names and electing @ 
1 chairman at the first meeting, 
‘mforiiat’ coniniitee 
ever, did place advertising in 
the loc al newspaper opposing the 

In addition, a few individuals 
publicly identified themselves 
as being in opposition, and supe 
port was received from neighe- 
boring towns by the formation of 
the Montachuset.Citizens.Coun- 
cil. One of the stated goals of fight against 
the approval of a countywide 
race-track referendum next 

South Cove Uprooting Opposed 

redevelopment plans for the 
South Cove area are being cir- 
culated by the South Cove Tax- 
payers Association among resi- 
dents and property-owners 
slated to give up their homes 
and. business establishments 
through demolition of the area. 

Mayor Hynes~has asked the 
City Council to approve an ap- 
plication for federal funds with 
which to make final plans for 
the rebuilding of the area. 

Representatives of the asso- 

ciation claim that the New Eng- 
land Medical Center is behind 
the plan to take 63 acres of 
| properties..the .city,..has..desig-.. 
|nated “substandard” and fit for | 
_clearance. Under present plans, | 
'approximately 10 acres of this 
|land would go to provide for 
|expansion of the Medical Cen- 

Chinatown Affected 

The center is charged with 
seeking this land through the 
use of the city’s eminent do- 
i'main power, 
it at less than its open market 
- value. 

Taxpayer Association officials | 
argue that 5,000 persons would 
be uprooted if the program is' 
approved, including some 2,000 


renewal area would take much 
of the area known as China- 

protesting Boston's | 

in order to. obtain | 

They also protest the ejection 
of small businessmen from the 
area, some of whom, they say, 
are paying $1 a square foot for 
retail and office space and would 
be forced to pay $5 a square foot 
in rent for equivalent space in 
modern quarters, such as those 
contemplated for both the South 
'Cove and the adjacent New York 
Streets area. Removal from their 
present quarters, they contend, 
would put many business estab- 
lishments out of business. 

Defending against the asser- 
ition that the South Cove area 
steadily is deteriorating, they 
point out that Chinese families 
and other property owners have 
spent. thousands of dollars re- 
pairing and modernizing build- 
ings which are assessed at 
around $5,000. 

Assessments Decline 

Five Boston business and civic 
organizations, in a statement. 
issued a week ago, noted that 
more than half the dwellings in | 
the South Cove area are upwards 
of 80 years old. 

More than 40 per cent of the 
dwellings are either dilapidated 

‘or lack private baths, the report | 
said, better than double the per- | 
centage required to be nee | 

for federal renewal funds. 

' Assessed valuations on taxable 
Chinese residents. The proposed | property have declined by about | | 

| 12 million dollars in the last 25 
groups stated, 





Pee ee ee ee ee fee ee 

group the civic and business. 


The South Cove Taxpayers 
Association points out that the 
city intends to permit several 
large buildings to remain in 
the area. including theaters and 
hotels, and says that if the city 
takes one building it should 
take them all. 

Tax-Load Shifting Seen 

Two hearings held by the 
City Council were criticized by 
the Taxpayer Association offie 
Clals, because, they said, insuffi-e 
cient notice was given in which 
to permit the property owners 
to prepare their case. Only one 
day’s notice was given for the 
Feb. 8 hearing, they said. 

rhe taxpayers association offi- 
cClals point out .that demolition 
in the area will destroy many 

imillions of dollars in taxable 
| Valuations. 
' years would occur before these 

A lag of several 
are restored by new building, 
they say, thus shifting the tax 
load to the shoulders of other 

They contend that there are 
other sections in the city more 
in need of redevelopment. 


THis. THURS. AFT.—2:15 


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‘“ Pin et ah ge Co psece ge tren ot S cakahel He ent name er ren tii on 
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uth Section | 


wR aS LR 

yon ead. RO ek 

MA 4 | 
i heed © 
» a 

Scratchboard drawing by Arthur L. McCarty 
“Niagara Falls means company, excitement, staying up late, and eating out ,.. .” 

Three daily columns of lively, interesting 
material from contributors teen age to 35 

Memories of Niagara Falls 

By Jane Partis McCarty 

Niagara Falls means company, 
excitement, staying up late, and 
eating out to me. That’s because 
my childhood was spent in Buf- 
falo, New York, just about 20 
miles from the famed landmark. 
Whenever any family friends 

came to visit from out of town, 
they always wanted to see the 

falls. and of course my brother | 

and I went along. We consid- 
ered this as a “specia] treat.” 
My memory is etched with cer- 
tain stich adventurous trips to 
Niagara Falls. 

| eee See 

One trip involved a frozen 
shutter. This particular shutter 
was on a camera and the occa- 
sion I’m thinking of was when 

mother and daddy’s friends, the 
Millers, visited us from Detroit 
The heater wasn’t working in 
the car at the time, ff I remem- 
ber correctly, and neither was 
the defroster, so the windows in 
the car had to be opened in 
order for daddy to see. We com- 
pensated for this by singing 
songs lustily on the way to the 
falls and back, 

=F can't quite rémeéember if the 
falls themselves were frozen, 
but I Know we were and the 
camera was. We found a single 

(tree silhouetted nicely against 
a snowy background and it was 
promptly named “Solitude.” 
When we went to photograph 
our artistic scene the shutter 
was frozen, That is one of my 
earliest memories of Niagara 
Falls in the winter. 

In the summertime, colored 
floodlights play on the moving 
waters at night and my brother 
thought ‘the most wonderful 
thing In the world was to per- 
suade our parents to take us to 
the falls on a summer evening! 

| We. loved: to say..once..we got. 

there, in a very blasé manner, 
“The Canadian side is really 
much nicer,” hoping that Mom 
and Dad would take us over the 
Rainbow Bridge into Canada, 
where there are beautiful gar- 
dens. It seemed more interest- 

An Invitation 

We're looking for those 
snapshots and manuscripts 
you’ve been intending to sub- 
mit to these three columns for 
consideration, Articles from 
500 to 600 words are prefer- 
able. Sharp, clear, glossy 
prints “and “original sketches 
in black and white. Address 
them to the Youth Section. 

» 4 

. falls, 


ing because we were out of the 
United States. 

Going back to winter at the 
I remember once visiting 
Niagara Falls with some friends 
of our parents who-.-were very 
energetic and took us down the 
elevator to the bottom of the 
falls. I think this was our most 
thrilling trip because the water 
had begun to freeze and the falls 
were just a dribble compared 
with the roaring spectacular we 
usually saw. As we looked up 
at the great frozen expanse, I 
think my brother and I felt lke 
explorers in the Antarctic, or 
mountain climbers in the snowy 
Alps. I had never seen such a 
sight before, and -it- all seemed 
a little dangerous to us. 

_ ee ee 

Naturally, suck: a waterflow 
descending as it does about 160 
feet releases a spray continual- 
ly, which in freezing weather 
coats everything in reach in 
silver-white. The trees, lamp- 
posts, and failings look like 
fairyland, all gleaming and lacy 
in the sunshine. 

In spite of the fact that Niag- 
ara Falls most usually 
thought of as a honeymooners’ 
spot, it will always be associat- 
In my 
in summer, frozen tun in tne 
winter, and out-of-town guests 
at any time of the year. 


' contributions 

| (Crown Publishers, N.Y.). 

|tative photo historian, 
~photography’s original 

| facsimile 

— ee 

thought with picnics 

Ocean and Sun—a Honeymoon Pleasantly Unplanned 

By Anona M. Meeker 
Seattle, Wash. 

“The -groom- must make alt” 

honeymoon arrangements well 
in advance,” stated the bridal 
magazine in a practical tone. I 
smiled quietly, thinking of our 
owr honeymoon just two Vvears 
before. We had decided quite 
suddenly to set the date, and 
after two months of rather scur- 
ried preparations, the 28th of 
August finally arrived. 

After the calmest, most beauti- wedding 
seen (any bride would 
same about her own), 
our trip. Our destination? A 
very vague, “Oh the ocean might 
be nice, but let’s be sure to get 
some sun.’ We were agreed to 
enjoy every minute and mile, 
and we looked at each intersect- 
ing road to see its exploration 
possibilities. If it was green 
enough, or sunny enough, or 
Winding enough, we follow ed it. 

4 + + 

Our first stop was a small set- 
tlement at Grays Harbor, on the 
central Washington coast. We 
had a seafood dinner. appro- 
priate to the area, and then 
began looking for a motel. Up 

say the 
we left on 

and down the little, 

we went, but there simply were 
no vacancies, It seems a salmon 
derby was in full swing and the 
area was crowded with pro- 
_Spective. winners. 
predicament to a lady at a gro- 
cery store. 

“Oh,” she said,“I have a new 
36-foot trailer you may use.” 
What more could we ask? It was 
a cozy bridal suite, complete 
with spacious kitchen, tiny bath, 
and car-washing service. This 
last was jointly provided by 
Washington rain and soapy mes- 
Sages On car windows. 

Our next stop was Lake Quin- 
ault Lodge, a lovely, rustic hotel 
nestled between the foothills and | 

lve -ever . 

We related our. 

the shore, As we sat at dinner, 
we could look out across the 
lake to the hills, silhouetted 
against a pale yellow sky. But it 
was sO damp and rainy the next 
day, we decided to go on in 
search of the sunshine. 

And there it,ocean.. 
Quite by accident we discovered 
a secluded campsite on the bluff 
over the beach. Out came our 
brand new cookstove, camp _re- 
frigerator, sleeping bags, et al, 
and we set up housekeeping. 
Then we ran down the path to 
the “beach “and ‘stretctied ‘out’ in 
the sun, 

a new and charming surprise. 
The fresh, crisp air and the pun- 
gent odor were the same, but the 
huge breakers crashing on wide 
sandy beaches were a special 

We soon learned to keep all 
our groceries and small belong- 
ings under cover, and away from 
little four-legged campers, The 
chipmunks and squirrels were 

“ehwers present at "our weals® 

watching at first from the bushes 
and tall grass, gradually coming 
closer until by dishwashing time 
they would be racing around us, 
under the table, across the 
campfire coals, and back to the 
bushes: _— ay 

One evening we felt especially 
interested in a movie. The 
nearest. town, Forks, was. 40 
miles away, but with our grow- 
ing thirst for civilization, we de- 
cided it really wasn’t too far. So 
we filled our quart vacuum 
_bottle with hot cocoa and started 
off for Forks. It was a lovely 
drive. The highway ran like a 
narrow ribbon between the 
green velvet of the forest and 
the sunset-tinted ocean, The 
little town’s only theater was 
open every night but guess 
which one! 

“Oh, well, " we consoled each 

en — 
—_ -—— ——- 

ES s Albans 

Photo by Jane Nichols, Indian Orchard, Massachusetts 

Horseshoe Falls, Seen From Niagara 
Falls, Ontario, Canada 

aaa N MPe Ah a ay needa 

' other, 


To two young people | 
from Puget Sound the ocean was | 

|46. Call for aid 

“we need a few things. 
Let’s just snoop around in that 
new carry-all drugstore 
down the street.” 

By the time we 
car and walked to the corner, 
that nice. new carry-all drug- 
store was dark and_ tightly 
locked. But we still had our 
cocoa! So we returned to the car 
to soothe our disappointment 
with a steaming cupful, before 
going “home.” And suddenly 
all seemed hilariously fi 
Our 40-mile drive for 

parked the 

a cup ol 

a cae 

The trip back to camp took on 
a fourth dimension. Before, there 
had been the width of the road, 
the height of the trees, and the 
length between curves of the 
highway. But now we hada top 
to our measurements—the sky; 
the soft, black, star-studded sky 

The following day we loaded 
our things into the car. Our little 
jaunt the night before —_had 

“Sprite led as“ weth ow arieers dist 

around the 

We continued on 
Olympic Peninsula, 
bound, stopping “atthe 
springs for a swim, and a 
strawberry farm for several 
boxes of delicious fruit. Then we 


“were “on our way again, ‘to new 

jobs, a new home, and a new life. 


ast t- stuuitebie-for. me!’ 


Reference Books 

Tuesday Camera Column 

By the Associated Press 

Andreas Feininger and Beau- 

/mont Newhall are two dedi- | 
(cated men in photography who 

recently have made 
in their 

spheres as or “new 

Feininger, formerly an ar- 

_chitect and engineer, has made 
| skillful use of close-up photog- 
raphy to explore “The Anatomy 

of Naturé.””~ He has used ‘his 
technical background to make 
an interesting study of nature 
and some of its wonders in 176 
printed — photographs 


America’s authori- 
has con- 
book .of 
cal material and presents it in 
reproduction. En- 
titled, “On. Photography — A 
Source Book of Photo History” 
it is published in limited edi- 
tion by Century House, Wat- 
kins Glen, N.Y. Half a dozen 
other publishers,had considered 
it too risky a gamble. 
Beaumont Newhall, curator 
of George Eastman House in 
Rochester, devoted the best 
part of the past seven years to 
rounding up the original docu- 
ments exactly as they first 
appeared in publications, most 
of them long since out of print. 


piled ai reference 

| The first one appeared in 1802, 

“An Account of making 

| Profiles by the agency of Light 

upon Nitrate of Silver. In- 
vented by T, Wedgwood, Esa.” 
The last one reveals the phil- 
osophy of the gifted French 
photographer, Henri Cartier- 
Bresson, in “The Decisive Mo- 
ment,” printed in 1952. 
5 ee 

From the intervening span of 
150 years, choice observations 
of inventors, scientists, artists 

and critics make interesting cur- 

rent reading. Daguerre and Fox- 
Talbot’s announcements are fol- 
lowed by a delightful account of 
a visit’ toa "photo studio by 
Charles Dickens in 1853. 
growth of photography 
recorded ahd the struggle to 
make it an art. Then in 1890, 
Peter Henry Emerson’s power- 
ful blast at photography . as 
an art is reproduced in a black- 
bordered, “The Death of Natu- 
ralistic Photography.” 

The corpse was revived, how- 
ever, by Alfred Stieglitz, among 
others. He got away from heavy 
view cameras on tripods and 
pioneered in the use of hand 
cameras in all kinds ef weather, 
widening photography’s scope 
around the turn of the century. 

As we approach the contem- 


Small Fry 

Our small girl, three, had 
never seen snow until the other 
day and was greatly interested 
in the new white world so un- 
usual to this part of California. 
handed it to her. 

Almost instantly she insisted, 
“Please; Mummy, get--a- towel 
and wipe it off—it’s all wet!” 

Mrs. Grace B. Caukin. 
Pasadena, Calif, 

Five-year-old Gary, who lives 

next door, comes to see me often. ~~” 

He loves to make up stories and 
tell them, but sometimes they 
have a bad ending. I told him 
that if he had them turn out 
good, they would be more in- 

The next time he came to sec | 

me, he said, 
tell you.” 
“Does it turn.out good?” 
He replied, “Yes, but in the 
beginning it is very dangerous.” 
Frances Billet, Jackson, Miss. 
| ee ee 

“TI have a story to 

I in- 

Kathy, having seen lipstick 
used to good advantage, said to 
her grandmother, “Why don’t 
you use lipstick, Grandma?” 
“Oh, Kathy,” replied grand- 
mother, a little shocked, “ 

“But Grandma,” urged Kathy, 
“it would brighten you up!” 
Maud §E. Garner, 
Bromborough, England 

I1—b: 2—c: 3—b; 4—c; 5—a; 
6—b: 7a: 8—b; 9—a; 10—<c; 

| ll—a; 12—a. 



Cressweord Pussle 

Par Time 20 Min. 

~ Merchan- 
. Finished 
. Southern - 
constellation ~' 
Separate : 
Period of 
14. Nothing 
15. Groups of 
. Endeavor 
19. Heavenly 
. Greek poet 

Irish pro- 
prietor: law 
51. Contend 
. Spider's 
. Old times 
. Deposit 
. Grinding 
. Wallaba 
3. Hatred 
Rye fungus 
5. Stalk 
That fellow 


25. Railing 
28. Eccentric 

7. Bitter vetch 31 
8. Arithmetic: 
9. Beast 
. Splits 
. Vigilant 
. Legislator 
. Coal distil- 
2. Ocean 
Article of 

. Of that 
. Some 
5. Grated 
. Front 
. Obtain 

39. Student 
. Malice 
3. Ship’s boat 
. Valley 
7. Sward 
. Oriental 

29. Wire meas- 


. Discharged 

Pile . 



. Wood fiber 
. Corn spike 

. Chewy 

. Near 
Took .a.chair 

. Disencum.- 

. Exclama- 

. Act of tak- 
ing away 

. Haunt 
across ~ 

. Old Trish 




At no time 



Answer Block Appears Among Advertisements 

Remove the » 


pt ie? 

hshinny Slang 

“| Jong as the door is open and drowns out conversation.” 

| porary period, the views of Paul 
Strand, Edward Weston and An- 
Sel Adams, the satire of James 
Thurber and the revolutionary 
|invention of Edwin Land’s one- 

}minute-camera’ are all brought 
into focus. It adds up to a unique. 
| referente book that should en-- 

tertain as well as prove of value 
to serious students of photog- 
| raphy 

To_get back to Andreas Fein-/} 

inger, he went back to an orig- 
inal source also—nature itself. 

The beauty of nature, he feels, 
is in its functional purpose 
| which dictates its design. Nature 
constructs. with minimum ma- 
terials to achieve maximum effi- 
\ciency. There’s beauty and en- 
‘gineering purpose in a spider's 
web, in snowflakes, in flowers, in 
our very bones and joints. 

By comparison, man’s archi-{ 

tecture and engineering princi- 
ples are often poor imitations of 
nature’s craftsmanship in almost 
every aspect of animate or in- 
animate life in the universe, 
'Under magnification, man’s han- 
diwork looks pretty crude where 
‘nature’s work takes on added 

For the technically minded, a 
chapter at the back gives the de- 
tails of cameras and equipment 
used in taking the photographs 
and some hints on nature pho- 

One of the points worth re-| 

'peating is that extra exposure is 
|necessary on ultra close-ups..A 
‘light meter reading determines 
only normal exposure when the 
lens ‘setting is at infinity or for 
most normal distances. When the 
lens comes far forward for close- 
ups, there must be an increase in 
exposure. For example, when 
your image on the negative 
the actual size of the object, it 
requires four times the expo- 
sure; when it is twice the size it 
requires nine times the expo- 
sure, A complete table in the 
book is available for anyone 
‘contemplating that type of pho- 
tography. Irving Desfor 


| Photo by Henry W. Boller 

this grass-grown, cobbled 

George Washineten’s boyish feet once trod 
lane dimly seen 
between the sign and the stone wall to the 
right. It led to the ferry across the Rappahan- 
nock River owned by his. father, 

ie ot 


The pean to the Ferry 

Augustine. ericksburg. 

is PGR 8 4. 


Heavy wagons rolling over this road to the 
ferry often wakened the Washington family 
at night. During the Civil War Union) troops 
marched through here to the Battle of Fred- 

Sentiment Saves Relies of a Peaceful Hungary 

Those without sentiment often | held by 

think of the sentimental as 
bit foolish. Yet very often the 
sentimental, emotional act can 
develop into a deed that is later 
considered wise and right 

Clevelander Louis Sobonya was 
invited to an unusual auction 
last April. Several statues, 

a Hungarian 

thousands in the 
Pavilion at the 
World's Fair a few years ago, 
were without a home. Orphaned 


| 4 Record on/y 
Ohe ee Jlours* 

be- | 

For Amateur Audubons 

The | 

In each of the following groups 


raven, (b) redtop. 

(b) tarn, 



grackle, (b) glebe, (c) 

SO D-i nv Wise 


albacore, (b) albatross, 
(b) kite, (c) kermis, 
junto, (b) jay, (c) junco. 

virago, (b) vireo, (c) vulture. 

there is one word which does not 
mean a bird, See if you can get then? all. 

(c) redstart, 
gull, (b) gannet, (c) gambrel., 


(c) marlin, 

pemmican, (b) pelican, (c) plover. 
ibis, (b) ibex, (c) indigo bunting. 
coriander, (b) cormorant, 

(c) chickadee. 
(c) auk. 

Loulse Darcy 

by the Com- 
munists, who 
wanted no Hun- 

ers sent back to 
them, they were 
for sale. 

To Mr. So- 
bonya, who is a 
grateful citizen 

~\ Of our country, 

these statues 
had sentimental value. And 
though the bidding went way 
beyond what he could afford, he 
was the owner fer a price of 

“How could I see these precious | 
mementos of Hungary 


ithe hands of anyone but Hun- 

. zinc and aluminum 


he said. The largest 
feet tall, 
, ruler 
years ago. 

of Hungary 1,000 

This, Mr. 

garian remind-' 

into | 

is of King Stephen the | 


donated to New York City’s UN 
Plaza, where refugees from 

| Hungary can see their first King, 

If Mr. Sobonya were not so sen- 

tmental (at any cost) those mee 

might have been dee 
stroyed. They are the only relics 

left. of peaceful Hungary. Today 
they are priceless. 

Mary Ann Frey 

| aaeneememeanee DUM LTT ag Titi ahs aka or) 

va) ra 
for Today eee 

And he said unto me, 
Son of man, stand upon 
thy feet, and I will 
speak unto —thee.— 
Ezek. 2:1. 


abe: Pigs bid 

* Panel 



“The estimate for the carpentry work is $185-—$220 if we 

clean up our own mess.’ 

I Oar” Rs SS fe 


Pan ti Pin’ ° - 7 eee 

Pa Wh kl fe Fe BS 

“It's a sh Senate wrinkle. The bell rings continuously as 







Ou Mom... THE @ 
Door Since Wwe 


By Gvwernsey LePelley 
‘Tue SNow 15 



Ou now Tusery— 


RR eR IE ah te 

5 vy, = ‘ VERS PRR Teecetags 


‘Little People’s Corner 


By Poul Cerruth 

That first snowflake said to me, 

“I'm bringi 
Get your sl 

lots of company, 
and boots and hurry! 

We're a snow storm, not a flurry.” 

“First the blade, then. m~ Banal TR iien the fll gremn m re Se. en 

’ ev rornire Tt Ne beer seh by 

rane ee 


“Mideast: tate the Lines 7 

“President “Eisenhower ‘and Secre-" 
tary Dulles have told Israel the 
United States proposal regarding the 
Gulf of Aqaba represents the “maxi- 

“mum assurance” Israel “may expect 

prior to withdrawal of its occupa- 
*tion forces from that area. Ambassa- 
dor Eban is returning to Jerusalem 
‘to0--report. to Prime Minister Ben- 
Gurion and the Cabinet. 

At this point Washington appedrs 
_ to have found just how far Israel can 
be pushed toward the prerequisites 
of peace with Egypt. The Israeli 
sticking point seems to include some 
part in administration of the Gaza 
strip as well as a firmer guarantee of 
shipping rights for the port of Elath, 
on the Aqaba Gulf. 

Having gone thus far in one direc- 
tion, the United States now might 
appropriately endeavor to find out 
whether Egypt and its President 
Nasser are likely to be any more or 
less reasonable on the other side of 
the dispute. 

It would be academic and hypo- 
thetical to ask whether Cairo would 
have permitted American and other 
ships to carry cargoes to Elath if 
Israel had accepted the State Depart- 
ment offer of support in a test at 
international law. 

But another very practical ques- 
tion faces the Egyptian Government, 
one on which it now must be formu- 
lating if it has’ not already formu- 
lated an answer. This is the question 
whether it will permit passage of 
British, French, and other ships 
through the Suez Canal when the 
channel has been opened, as is ex- 

pected by March 10 for vessels up to 
10,000 tons. An Italian tanker, appar- 
ently scheduled to be the first non- 
Egyptian merchantman to make the 

transit as a result of United Nations 

salvage team work, has been turned 
back to Port Said. 

Indications are that President Nas- 
ser will stick to the tactic that has 
been hinted on Cairo radio of keep- 
ing the canal closed against the needs 
of Western Europe unless Israel 

_ withdraws its troops unconditionally 

from Gaza and the.remaining small 
portions of Sinai. 

Meanwhile it is probable that 
Israeli resistance regarding Aqaba 
and Gaza, unless it is modified by 
further consideration in the Cabinet 
and the Knesset or Parliament, will 
give rise to renewed demands by 
Arab states in the UN for the voting 
of économic sanctions against Israel. 

The Jewish state already is under 
the effect of partial sanctions so far 
as the United States is concerned, 
since some aid payments have been 
suspended which play a significant 
part in the Israeli budget. But is 
Israel the only offender or only the 
more obvious one? The attitude of 
Egypt has been not.only openly -pro- 
vocative toward Israel but haughtily 
uncooperative toward the West: 

If financial pressures are to be em- 

ployed—and Egypt is probably al-. 

most as vulnerable as Israel—it is 
pertinent to ask whether they should 
be directed at Israel alone, which 
has sought to assure the safety of its 
citizens, or to Egypt as well, if it 
should attempt to use the Suez Canal 
for purposes of political extortion. 


Japan’s population problem is 
hardly a new story. Already burst- 
ing at the seams when World War II 
deprived it of 40 per cent of its terri- 
tories, the island nation saw its 
population shoot up from 72,200,000 
then to more than 90,000,600 today. 

It is news, however, when the 
Japanese Welfare Ministry can re- 
port that last year, for the first time, 
the annual population increase wads 
less than a million. Family limitation 

has-been steadily decreasing -the- 

birth rate, which now stands at 18.4 
per 1,000 persons. The American 
birth rate is 25 per 1,000. 

At this rate, some economists opine, 
in 20 years Japan may be suffering 
from-a labor shortege rather than 
facing latent unemployment as at 

Japan must begin planning for this 
situation now, economic analysts say. 

It must raise productivity in order-to 
raise its living standards. Fewer 
people must be prepared to do more 
work. One economist says that a 4 
per cent increase in productivity 

every year will mean, at the end of | 

20 years, a threefold rise in Japanese 
living standards, which today are 
estimated at one-tenth those of the 
United States. 

These happy results will not come 
about in a day. 
population pressures will continue 
until the decreased birth rate over- 
takes the number of persons reach- 
ing working age each year. 

But it is encouraging to note that 

a problem long considered insoluble 
is beginning to be cut down to man- 
ageable proportions. And it is equally 
encouraging to find forward-looking 
Japanese-. taking up the parallel 
problem of increasing productivity as 
the next and greater challenge. 

Tunisia—a Small Beginning 

More than a year has passed since 

France granted independence to 
Tunisia. In -this- interval. relations 
between the two countries deterio- 
rated, although many had hoped that 
the grant of freedom would open the 
way to new understanding between 

One reason for the setback was 
Tunisian sympathy with Algerian 
rebels fighting for independence. But 
there was also the Suez crisis..The 

soot PR TCOE Nations attion On this alpned 

both the United States and Soviet 
Russia’ withthe Arab states: This 
and the more recent inability of 
the UN to win real cooperation 
from Egyptian President Nasser have 
pointed to a trend favoring Arab 
solidarity and even extremism. 
Meanwhile, however, France has 
been seeking to find a basis for de- 
veloping logical ties with its former 
North African territories. The first 
meetings between French and Tu- 
nisian high-level leaders have just 

taken place. The results promise yet 
more progress. Reports from Tunis 
state that the. meetings have created 
a feeling that the two countries can 
move on from here toward closer 

This development comes just after 
a UN debate on Algeria. In this the 
French case was better stated and 
better received than ever before. The 
UN debate could hardly have affected 
the Tunis meetings directly. But the 
underlying change in world opinion 

‘HAY Have Contfibiited ts the strength” 
in Tunisian 

of moderate opinion 

Now it is to be hoped «French 
authorities will not repeat some of 
the mistakes which over a long past 
contributed to a worsening of feeling 
between them and North’ African 
leaders, It is to be hoped,too,-that 
pan-Arabism will not hinder settle- 
ments which can be to the advantage 
of both the Tunisians and the French 
and to the stability of the Mediter- 
ranean area, 

Racial Hoodlumism Is Not Sectional 

The North, too, has its racist hood- 

Boston police are seeking four 
men, two of whom beat to death a 
“Portuguese Negro” while two held 
his woman companion. The attack 
took place in what is known locally 
as the South End’s “skid row” dur- 
ing the small hours of the morning 
after the victim had protested the 
meh’s calling the woman “poor white 

This incident might be dismissed 
“as simply a particularly savage piece 
of ruffianism were it not for the 
racial overtones. The identification 
“Portuguese Negro” probably means 
the victim was a “Brava”—one of a 
group of dark-skinned people, origi- 
nally from the Cape Verde Islands, 
who live in several southeastern 
Massachusetts communities. Whether 
or not Bravas are Negroes, and 
whether or not this man’s woman 

companion is white or merely light- 

skinned, is beside the question. The 

attackers. undoubtedly thought they 
saw a Negro and a white woman 
walking together. 

These hoodlums, assuming they 
are local products, were not likely 
encouraged to flout the law by re- 
peated vilification of the Supreme 
Court. That has not defaced the New 
England scene. They apparently took 
what they interpreted as prima facie 
evidence of racial mixing as an occa- 
sion to exercise their brutality. 

This is, of course, an explanation, 
not an excuse. And these men should 
be apprehended, tried fairly and, if 
found guilty, punished to the limit 
of the law. 

But the affair nevertheless gives a 
needed if ugly warning that aver- 
sion to racial amalgamation is not 
limited to the South. It is a major 
factor which must be taken into 
account while at the same time re- 
lieving the Negro of legal bans which 
deny him access to public facilities 
because of his race alone. —~ 

| of a school of fish. 

For several years | 

Fair Question 



- ? 
‘ “5 M 7 
=A, Si ma aS eg 

Come What May 

Sharpening a Few Old Saws 

By John Allan May 


There is a school of thought, darting 
about in the compact but aimless manner 
that maintains that 
because Great Britain has had a very 
warm January we had all better look out. 

The school’s confidence in the abysmal 
is based mainly on what is claimed to be 
an old farming saw: 

“January warm; 

Leave the farm.” 

There is another old saw 
that goes: 

“Wise men run away 
“When daffs aré picked in Junaway.” 

(It is generally presumed that “Junaway” 
is old farming pronunciation for “Janu- 
ary.” Professor X. Rodomontade, how- 

, woo, I believe, 

ever, maintains that the line should read 
“down junaway”; “junaway” being the 
name of a farmhouse, or else an old farm- 
ing corruption of “thataway.”) 

This year daffodils have been picked in 
January, down Cornwall way. In fact— 

~and-t-see-no-point’ beating about: the:bush—" 

—actually in Cornwall. Also a man in 
Surrey confessed to me only the other 
day that he had already mown his lawn. 
And then rose buds are popping out all 
over the place. And last Saturday I went 

down to” the “hardware “store “and “asked 

them please not to send any more oil fuel 
as We are swimming in the stuff. 

“For many whose living depends on the 
land,..this..has.taken-on-.a-horrid fascina- 
tion now that February is even more like 
spring than January was,” the natural 
science correspondent of the Manchester 
Guardian has reported. 

There is another old farming saw: 

“February without frost; 

All is lost.” 

The atmosphere is well captured by 

the headline immediately above 
Guardian’s weather article. It read: 


Now I do not wish to seem cantanker- 
ous but I can only say that this is all 

The trouble may be that a lot of farmers 
in bygone days were old saw-heads. They 
liked to improve a good grumble with’ an 
old saw. They did not wish to admit the 
probability that things were quite likely 
to go right. At the same time experience 
told them that whatever the weather was 


_like at the moment it was very likely to 

change. This is the only thing certain 
about it. Putting one and one together 
they arrived at the conclusion that things 
would probably get worse. 

“Soft winds in March; 

August parch.” 

Or, alternatively: 

“March balmy; 

August starmy.” 

but just enough; not too much rain, but 
just enough; not too much cloud, but just 
enough; not too much wind, but just 

enough.- If one-forecasts drought the other } 

will forecast. flood. Either way, whatever 
actually happens, they are usually, al- 
though not. always, assured of a fairly 
pleasant surprise. Both forecasts thus 
flourish. You may take your pick. 

What ..we--should . realize, however, -is 
that old farming saws are strictly for 
farmers. They are no good to the rest of 
us. They don’t give us anything. The holi- 
daymaker wants all sun and no rain; the 
cricketer a pleasant mixture of the two: 
the sailor a strong wind; the golfer calm. 

We had better make up our own old 
saws. To suit ourselves. And in. doing so, 
we might as well remember that at least 
both in Britain and in New England the 
weather is so changeable that while we 
can be sure it will not be the same again, 

$f<this leads us to forecast that: tt wilt be 

different we shall probably. be wrong. 
. Thus, while inventing old saws, why 
not produce a few cheerful ones? 

“April showers: 

May flowers.” 

“When May brings flood 

July is good.” 

“When geese fly high in November 

Expect sun the fifth of September.” 

“Pebruary warm; 

August calm.” 

“When March hath gales 

June never fails.” 

I think we shall be surprised at the dif- 
ference. Not necessarily in the weather. 
But in ourselves. And I would not be sur- 
prised if we gained an astonishing reputa- 
tion for accuracy, 

An Awakening to Inflation 

Mirror of World Opinion 

The increase in gasoline prices may be 
the goad that will awaken public attention 
to the danger of inflation, to which so far 
it has been almost entirely indifferent. 

Heretofore the price of one commodity 
has crept up a little, and then another 
has moved up slowly. Thus there has been 
no general advance of all prices. By the 
time the price of one article started rising, 
the other had stopped. 

Moreover, wages were rising along with 
prices, so that only people with fixed in- 
comes really felt the pinch. Those whose 
incomes were tied to the price of living 
did not suffer, because wages rose as 
prices advanced. ... 

The rise in gasoline prices, however, 
will hit everybody at once. The objectidns 
to it will be practically unanimous, be- 
cause the use of gasoline is now almost 
universal in this country. Those who do 
not own cars will feel the effect when 
heating oil prices go up. . 

Up to now Iabor has blithely demanded 
increases in wages. Business has as 
blithely granted them and passed the cost 

Pe er re. ee 

on to the consumer. Since many of these 

consumers were the same people who got | 

the wage advances, they paid the in- 

Beinum has brought Los 

| After some silence, he says, 
| people will be hungry more and more.” 


Music Could Rebuild the City” 

An Intimate Message From the Pacific Coast 

By Kimmis Hendrick 

~ Some people think that Eduerd -van 
Angeles the 
golden key to greatness. 

The new music director of the Los 
Angeles Philharmonic Symphony Orches- 
tra is far too unaffected a man to rise to 
any such pretension. But when you ask 
him, “Can music make a city great?” he 
says “Yes” immediately three times. 

The orchestra has had some great con- 
ductors, but Dr. van Beinum’s: coming has 
special importance. He is now a man of 
two cities. He comes here for the Phil- 
harmonic’s winter season, then returns to 
Amsterdam, where his famed Concertge- 
bouw Orchestra performs virtually 
throughout the year. 

This. intercontinental assignment in- 
volves Contrasts that delight him. The 
Amsterdam orchestra is 70 years old and 
plays in a concert hall built almost a cen- 
tury ago. Acoustically, Dr. van Beinum 
says, it is magnificent: In Los Angeles, on 
the other hand, the 38-year-old orchestra 
performs in a building which has long 
since outlived its adequacy as a city music 
center. The one symbolizes grand tradi- 
tion, the other a reaching out. 

Already Los Angeles has felt enriched 
by the two-world point of view that Dr. 
van Beinum has brought to this winter's 
concert season. Audiences have been tre- 
mendously enthusiastic. It's partly due to 
his great courtesy and partly to the ob- 
vious pleasure it gives the. orchestra to 
work with him. Also, it’s due to a blending 

of old and new, of technical and inspira- 
tional, of classic and modern, represented 
by a man of world musical reputation who 
works with something very like the spon- 
taneity of a child. 

His conversation with an interviewer 
has this quality of outpouring naturalness, 
spiced by a mixture of English and French 
delivered with a Dutch accent. His hands 
have the verbal power of a large lexicon. 
So does his face. When you allude to the 
eagerness of people for great music and 
he asks, “Will you please give me another 


plains simply, he’s not sure what it means 
—he then. gives his assent to the idea with 
a look of completely pleased quietness, 
“IT think the 

On this hunger, he is not unaware, may 
hang the future of this city. 

Every modern metropolitan area today 
has problems of decentralization, but Los 
Angeles, as the world’s most spread-out 
city, has them hardest. Downtown Los 
Angeles has become an urgent effort in 

survival. One answer, and quite possibly 
the most important, is-a current pian to 
convert a sizable downtown area into a 
convention and music center equal to the 
potentialities of this populous place. Voters 
have refused to move in this direction pre- 

It is wholly conceivable that a new pride 
in music will change their attitude. It 
could rebuild the city. Every recent con- 
ductor of the orchestra has foreseen this 
possibility; and Dr. van ‘Beinum’s’ warm 
reception may well give it substance. He 
says he hopes that the people of Los 
Angeles may become so proud of their 
orchestra that while they will still enjoy 
hearing Boston's or New York’s, the Los 
Angeles Philharmonic will be their first 
love. : , 
This May be a tall goal, but already it 
is an orchestra of reputation. When Al- 
fred Wallenstein took it to Asia for the 
State Department last year, just before 
his résignation as music director, it was 
received with profound appreciation. One 
of Mr. Wallenstein’s contributions to Los 
Angeles’ musical growth, undoubtedly, 
was this distinguished opportunity to 
lead the orchestra on what was really 
a diplomatic mission. 

It is no distance at all from this cone 
clusion to the likelihood that the orchestra 
can make a vast civic contribution at 
home. Orchestra audiences are generally | 
made up of all kinds of people, and Dr, 
van Beinum has something for everyone, 
It often looks like a sense of humor more 
than anything else. i) 

Dr. van Beinum insists, he says, on 
technical perfection. But he has a concept 
of the music to be played that interests 
him—and the orchestra, and indeed the 
audience—beyond aaything else. One of 
his convictions is that “music must never 
be boring.” He calls that “the most tere 
rible thing in music.” 

It has never bored him, certainly. Dure 
ing the last years of the occupation in the 
Netherlands, when for a year and a half 
he was hiding from house to house, he 

-$ays--he always had.the..score.of-a.-Bach.. 

fugue in his pocket. In his hiding place 
he could read the music and hear what he 
was reading, as though he had a piano 
or an orchestra at his fingertips. In this 
silent listening he found the inspiration of 
greatness. This, he indicates, is what an 
audience also hears, in the thousands of 
different hearings of the individual lis- 
teners. Can this hearing make a great city? 
He has no doubt of it. He says “Yes,” 
then after a pause he says “Yes” again, 
and then he adds “Yes” for the third time, _ 

Old farming saws are usually double j 


edged. No farmer wants too much sun, | 



creased cost without feeling it and ap- | 


parently without noticing that’ in such a | 

circle they were actually paying their 
own wage increases. 

They had heard talk about higher re- 
discount rates, but most of them did not 
know a rediscount rate from a batting 
average, and so the Federal Reserve 
Board’s warnings, couched in technical 
language, passed over the heads of the 

When everybody gets hit at once with 
gasoline prices, labor might think twice 
before asking for a raise that it will 
eventually pay itself. Business may be less 
willing to grant wage increases that will 
have to be passed on to grumbling cus- 

The Reserve Board alone cannot stop 
inflation. But, when the public begins to 
realize that it also has a responsibility 
and that it will pay if the responsibility 
is not met, we may make some progress.— 
Charlotte (N.C.) Observer 

rd ane Pa ee BF Pe Mia ag EN eS nt! 



The Reader Writes 

Oil Crisis~ 

The comprehensive articles on the oil 
crisis bring to mind another critical pe- 
riod when our national government was 
helpless to protect the moral rights of all 
of the people, against the legal rights of 
a small group of oil companies to make a 
profit selling to Japan much of the high 
test gasoline, which was tater used to de- 
stroy our Pacific fleet and 3,000 of our 
fellow beings. 

Who that can remember Pearl Harbor 

‘can forget the blasts against the then 
Secretary of the “Interior, 

Ickes, for his 
“outrageous and illegal interference” with 
free enterprise when he attempted to halt 
those shipments to Japan? 

Is it not incredible that a President, 
elected by and to represent all of us, must 
stand -helpiess. to -protect our. interests 
when they conflict with those of a small 
group of men who dictate the pricing poli- 
cies of the whole petroleum industry? 

Fairhope, Ala. CHARLES A, KINNEY 

The Arab Refugees 


Your realistic approach to the Middle 
East situation deserves highest commen- 
dations. The recognition of elements of 
justice, invoiving Israel, does credit to 
“Jour Tat ie: SSS 

I have at times been saddened by the 
confusion created by your references to 
and “Zionists” and by misap- 
plication..of.the terms._“Zionist.Jews” or 
“Israeli Zionists.” These are misnomers, 

and it is a bit criiel t6 apply harsh notes 

to Zionist ideology, 

The Zionist movement arose out of the 
despair of the masses of Jews who were 
constantly faced by pogroms, whose lives 
were endangered, who had no other hope 
but to find a permanent haven. History 
taught them, and prophecy constantly re- 
assured them, that the Land of Israel— 
Eretz Yisrael—Palestine—is that haven. 
American’ Jews, knowing the plight of 
their kinsmen, supported Zionism. The 
movement finally succeeded, contrary to 
all predictions, and Israel is now a fact. 

What disturbs Israel’s friends and kins- 
men especially, however, is misrepre- 
sentation of the refugee problem. Even so 
evident an attempt at fairness as that con- 
tained in a letter in your issue of Jan. 23 
makes the misleading statement that the 
“UN should require of Israel that it as- 
sume full responsibility for the Arab refu- 
gees who were evicted from their homes 
and farms eight years ago.” 

The charge of “eviction” deserves to be 
corrected in the interest of fairness. In its 
Declaration of Independence of May 14, 
1948, Israel issued a call “to the Arab 
inhabitants of Israel to return to the ways 
of peace.” The Arabs were asked to re- 
main in Israél. They were encouraged to 
leave the newborn state by their propa- 
gandist leaders who assured them they 
would soon return to acquire the property 
of the Jews who had built the foundations 
for their state since 1882, when settlers 
established the first modern Jewish colo- 
nies in Palestine. 

The fact is that in Palestine, at the time 
of the formation of the Jewish state, using 
statistics provided by the British Man- 
datory Power, there were 747,300 Arabs, 
of whom nearly 150,000 remained in the 
land, This leavés a maximum of 597,300 
Arabs who fied from the country at the 

oat new hy greeny Poe orang yeress from readers. The brie 
Of publication. all tion. W = 

t to condensa 

time when the Arab. states combined .their—-. 
forces to attack Israel. 

This is far from being a final figure. It 
has been estimated that close to 20 per 
cent of the Arabs who fied from Israel 
emigrated to other countries, that profese 
sionals were absorbed in their professions 
in neighboring and other lands, and that 
the actual figure of Arabs who became 
homeless in May, 1948, was below the 
500,000 figure. 

As @ matter of fact, the first UNRAW, 
In 1949, quoted the figure of Arab refu- 
gees,’ ih all camps, as 600,000. The Arab 
population of the territory now known as _ 
Israel was given by the British Mandatory ~ 
officials as having been 800,000—and that 
included those who remained in the land, 

Emil el-Ghoury, member of the Pale 
estine Arab Higher Committee and former 
Arab commander of the Jerusalem area, 

stated “in -the-Daity’ Telegraph of Beirutre’ 

“The problem of the Arab refugees is the 
net result of the resistance policy of the 
partition of Palestine and the establish- 
ment of a Jewish. state. This policy was 
unanimously agreed upon by the Arab 
states and it is they who must bear the 
consequences for solving the refugee 

A former representative of UNRAW in 
Jordan, Mr. Galloway, told a group of 
Americans in Amman: “It is. perfectly 
clear that the Arab nations do not want 

‘tS Solve "the "Arab refuges problem. THey™ 

want to keep it as. 

Yet, “expulsion” of a vastly exaggerated 
number of people. is charged to Israel. 
How can such a charge hold good in the 
light of the foregoing facts? 

Editor, the Jewish News 

. + @ weapon against . 


_ President Nasser 
To Tue CuristTran Scrence Monitor: 

I showed the following message to Presi-« 
dent Nasser to one of my friends, and he 
suggested that I might send it to you with 
the recommendation that if you think well 
of it, it might be put in the paper. And 
your readers are invited to send similar 
letters to the Egyptian leader with the 
hope that he- would be deluged with such 

“Do you realize that you may have the 
opportunity to be known through the 
ages as one of the great men of the 

“Now this enormous world with its mile 
lions of inhabitants is in a confused state, 
Innocent people are tortured, the poor are 
hungry, and even world war, which would 
cause unspeakable destruction, is threat- 
ened, i 

“You are a powerful person in an im- 
portant place. We all know that Hitler 
and Mussolini a few years ago were pow- 
erful men, growing stronger day by day, 
We all know how these two men fell be- 
cause they misused power. 

“You know that Stalin was a criminal, 
as are his successors, because they misuse 
power. They had better beware lest they 
share the fate of Hitler and Mussolini. : 

“Sir, you also are powerful. If you first 
turn your attention to the poor, down- 
trodden, suffering Egyptians who need | 
better conditions and then turn your 
thoughts to helping all the other nations 
of the world to live in peace and happi- 
ness, your name will go down to-posterity 
as a great benefactor of the human race.” 

Cambridge, Mass, Epwarp W. Forses 

are, the better ts. their prose 
We assume no y for statements in rt