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VOLUME 51 NO. 86 

All Rights Reserved 






‘Maximum’ Unit 
- Seen Escape Bar 

By Emilie Tavel 
Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 

“I do not think Saturday’s 
abortive escape attempt at Wal- 
pole would have happened if the 
new maximum security unit 
there had been in operation,” 
Massachusetts’ new Correction 
Commissioner, George F, Mc- 
Grath, said today. 

The dramatic bid for freedom 
March 7 by six would-be escap- 
ists from the Massachusetts 
Correctional Institution at Wal- 
pole was thwarted within 24 
hours by selfless courage and 
heroism on the part of prison 
personnel and the Massachusetts 
State Police. 

The maximum security unit to 
which Mr, McGrath referred is 
to be a separate building on the 
grounds of the prison, It is under 
construction and due to be in 
operation by July. 

“There is always the possibili- 
ty of an escape attempt,” Mr. 
McGrath said. “But if our new 
unit had been operating, these 
six men are the very fellows 
who would have populated it.” 

Hard-Core Violators 

He described them as “escape- 
minded and troublesome,” rep- 
resenting the I-to-4 per cent of 
the total prison population of 
any institution which are the 
hard core and difficult to handle. 

The encouraging fact about the 
attempt, he said, is that it shows 
ho general unrest within the 

prison. It proved these six men 
completely lacked the sym- 
pathy of the rest of the pris- 
oners who remained quiet and 
calm throughout the excitement. 

The prison population ate 
lunch quietiy at noon even be- 
fore the morning’s excitement 
completely subsided, and while 
press, radio, and television re- 
porters thronged the area. 

Mr, McGrath, who took office 
only March 4, recommended 
construction of the maximum se- 
curity unit as far back as 1954 
as consultant to a legislative 
committee on prison unrest. The 
recommendation was repeated 
by the Wessell Committee, and 
construction was begun in 1958. 

Security Unit Urgent 

“The federal prison system 
has its Alcatraz,” explained Mr. 
McGrath, “and in a mass pro- 
some kind of unit like that for 
weeding out of the population 
those who disrupt the program.” 

Mr. McGrath has made plain 
that he plans to utilize every 
available method to rehabilitate 
prisoners. He emphasized these 
six prisoners certainly will go 
into the new security unit but 
they will not be “buried or for- 
gotten.” There will be rehabili- 
tative treatment for them as 
well, he said. 

“As soon as they demonstrate 
té our satisfaction that they can 
live in the prison community 


you have got to have 

without stirring it up,” he said, 

“they can come out.” 

The March 7 incident, which | 
began about 9:35 a.m, and was | 
quelled by noon, is no reflection | 
whatever on the Massachusetts | 

. ; ' 
penal program or on the admin- | 

istration of the Walpole institu-| 
tion, said Mr. McGrath, | 

Guards Lauded 

Quite the contrary, he said, it! 

demonstrated a remarkably high | 

morale among prison guards and | 
officers who literally risked their | 

lives in suppressing the escape | 

He had the warmest praise for | 
the conduct of all concerned. | 
Particularly he praised the | 
bravery of the prison warden | 
John A. Gavin, Superintendent | 
Gavin walked into the prison | 
workshop where the six prison- | 
ers had holed themselves up | 
with eight fellow prisoners as | 

Army Group 



By Harry B, Ellis 

Mediterranean Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 

Beirut, Lebanon 

Whether or not the current - 
revolt by segments of the Iraqi &@ 

Army succeeds, it is an indica- 

tion that anti-Communist feel- | 
ing in Iraq has reached explo- @ 

sion point. 

Reports from tightly censored = 

3aghdad are too fragmentary at 
this point to know whether the 
northern Iraqi city of Mosul still 
is in the hands of Army rebels 
or Ohce again is securely under 
Premier Abdel Karim Kassem’s 

At last report the Army reb- 
els, led by Col, Abdel Wahab 
El-Shawaf, commander of the 
Iragi 5th Brigade, appeared to 
be still in control of Mosul 
radio, from which they had been 
broadcasting appeals. to 
Iraqi people to rally behind the 
new revolutionary movement. 

Reports Conflict 

Reuters reported from Damas- 
cus that Iraqi Government 
planes bombed Mosul March 9. 

[In a welter of conflicting 

hostages, plus five prison per-iclaims, the government report- 

including two deputy | 
wardens and the Rev. Edward) 
F. Hartigan, Roman Catholic! 
prison chaplain. | 

Mr. Gavin’s orders were that | 
the 100 State Police officers who | 
were poised outside the shop | 
were to move in within one-half | 
hour regardless of what hap-| 
pened to himself or the other 

When the moment struck, the 
troopers were able to crash in 
before serious harm was done to 
the hostages, despite cruel treat- 
ment and threats of death that 
had been made by the escapists. 

Firm Stand Upheld 

By making the hard decision 
to back up Mr. Gavin's orders, 
Mr. McGrath showed the firm- 

ness of his administration at) 
the outset. It has done him no. 
harm with the prison popula- | 
tion. It is understood that this | 
swift, firm, yet understanding | 

action by his administration has_ 
won him the respect of the'| 
prison population, | 

“We don’t intend to succumb | 

to threats or fear,” said Mr. | 
McGrath. “That is as close as) 
we can come to having a plan /| 
for the future.” 

Thorough interrogation of the | 
six men is expected to begin | 
shortly, perhaps today. Their 
cases will be heard by the Nor- 
folk County grand jury, 

Senator Francis X. McCann 
(D) of Cambridge has announced 
he will propose legislation seek- | 
ing greater protection for prison | 
guards, asking a mandatory five- | 
year term for assaulting a prison | 

Mr. McGrath said he would | 
withhold comment on the need 
for such legislation until he 
reads the bill, But he says he is 
not sure any real protection 
would be added by it. “It is al- 
ready a crime to assault, to as- 
sault with a dangerous weapon, 
or to attempt an escape,” he ex- 
plained. mm 

| majority 

ed Colonel Shawaf killed by his 
own troops, only to have the 
rebel-controlled Mosul Radio 
carry a broadcast by Col. Sha- 
waf himself a few hours later. 

[Col. Shawaf declared the 
“dictatorial rule” of Premier 
Kassem was about to end and 

the Ta 

ee aE . PO alg Sree’ SE 
Bes SAC ae 

“SS Premier Kassem also placed a 
2 price of 10,000 Iraqi dinars 
= ($28,000) on Colonel Shawaf's 
-»*. head and alerted border units to 
=) be on guard against any attempt 

-Red UnrestErupts 

» = Syria. 
=. For some time observers with 
we, firsthand knowledge of. Iraq had 
Sa been convinced 
of Army revolt against deepen- 
ing Communist penetration of 
the Iraqi government was only 
a matter of time. 

Appeals to People 

What was uncertain — and 

Ee, by the latter to seek asylum in| 



| and Soviet troops there. 

By J. Emlyn Williams 


Berlin. Concession 

Central European Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 

Bonn, Germany 

Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev has told a rally in East Berlin that he would 
that some kind| @88ree to the stationing of a neutral garrison in: West Berlin if the Allies ended their 
| occupation of the city. He even offered to set up a garrison of American, British, French, 

| The startling announcement came shortly after Mr. Khrushchev’s surprise two-hour 
| meeting with West German Social Democratic leader Erich Ollenhauer. 
| Nobody can say that Mr. Khrushchev is not making the most of his visit to East Ger- 

many’s Leipzig Fair and East 


While at Leipzig he had kind words for West German business and toasted the house of 

still remains unclear—is whether Alfried Krupp. At Berlin he has turned his most winning smile on the West German peo- 
pro-Communists have been able| ple, and especially at the Social Democrats. 

| [The Associated Press quoted Mr. Khrushchev as specifying that the number of neutral 

to infiltrate the Army command 
= sufficiently to hamstring the ef- 

. government in Baghdad. 

' It is known, for example, that 
the key posts of director general 
of Army planning, director gen- 
eral of Army operations and di- 
rector general of Army intelli- 
gence have been taken over by 
men reported to be Communists, 

Asseciated Press Wirephoto 
Premier Kassem 

that all Baghdad radio reports 
were lies. ] It is also reported that Commu- 
At the same time Baghdad nists have been successful in 
radio, in the name of Premier ousting. anti-Communist officers 
Kassem, has announced the dis- from some command posts. 
missal of Colonel Shawaf as In his revolutionary appeal to 
commander of the 2d brigade the country, Colonel Shawaf de- 
and his replacement by Col, clared March 8 that, in coopera- 
Younes Mohammed el-Taher. tion with Brig. Nazim el-Tabaq- 
In disclosing the Mosul plot, Jali, commander of the 2d 

Democrats Parade ; 
J obless Statistic ‘Iraq, Colonel Shiwat caied om be 

By Richard bk. Strout 
Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 

Democrats finally think they 
have something with which they 
can dramatize their complicated 
economic dispute with the ad- 
ministration — unemployment. 

Like most great political de- 
bates, the profound difference 
over abstractions finally boils 

own into some easy-to-under- 
stand simplification. 

The administration lost the 
November election and has since 
been gamely battering at the 
big Democratic congressional 
with an attack on 
“spenders.” It has coupled this 
with the charge that unbalanc- 
ing the budget almost immedi- 
ately will produce inflation, 

Rebuttal Offered 

Democratic leaders still are 
trying to meet the Republican 
assault with economic rebuttal. 
They declare that there is no 
inflation now and that there has 
not been any inflation for almost 
a year. They offer tables of sta- 

‘tistics to prove that when the 
| nation did not balance its budget 
the result was often deflation, 
/not inflation. 

Five Democratic senators and 
five Democratic House members 
who make up the majority of 
the Joint Committee on the 
Economic Report—in-a 76-page 

State of the Nations 

More Summitsmanship? - 

By HENRY 8S. HAYWARD, Chief, London News Bureau, The Christian Science Monitor 


One great unresolved ques- 
tion following Harold Mac- 
millan’s Moscow trip is 
whether or not the British 
Prime Minister now will 
launch among his Western 
colleagues new, more persua- 
sive arguments for East-West 
summit talks. 

Some take this for granted. 
But convinced though he may 
be of the necessity for a sum- 
mit conference, and popular 
though this might be with the 
British public in a probable 
election year, Mr; Macmillan 
respects two important pro- 

One is that foreign minis- 
ter preliminaries are essen- 
tial as an initial step in a new 
summit ascent. The other is 
that a summit that fails to 
produce results is not worth 
the climb. So there must be 
some evidence an agreement 
can be ee 

One of Mr. Macmillan’s dif- 
ficulties is that although his 

thereby have avoided sub- 
stantiating rumors of an 
Anglo-American split at base 

Yet if we presume he is 
convinced, of the primacy of 
summit talks, Mr, Macmillan 
obviously can marshal telling 

§ Point 1: He has returned, 
apparently certain Premier 
Khrushchev is unchallenged 
leader of the. Soviet Union, 
the dominant figure, a man 
who, despite speculation, sel- 

present conviction about a 

summit actually is new—in 
the sense that it was reen- 
forced and reshaped by his 
Soviet experiences—this may 
sound all too familiar to Paris, 
‘Bonn, and -Washington. Brit- 
ain’s allies already had dis- 
- ¢ounted in advance his prob- 
able conclusions. Even before 
he set foot in the Kremlin, 
he was quietly classed as 
Thus the past British dis- 
tion to favor peak par- 
: leys may the Prime 
'  Minister’s disadvantage if he 
- makes a fresh attempt to con- 
- vince President de Gaulle, 
Chancellor Adenauer, and 
President Eisenhower of the 
wisdom of an early get- 
together with Premier 
Vv, "RE 
‘If the summit is their fixed 
tination, however, the 

| have been careful not 

‘They'll Have to Come Up 
If They Expect Me to Hear’ 


dom has to backtrack because 
of opposition in:high places. 
In Mr. Macmillan’s book, 
just updated in Moscow, Mr. 
K. is the only man worth ne- 
gotiating with. He is firmly 
in the saddle. It is vital not 
only to deal with him, rather 

than subordinates, but to un-- 

derstand his _ personality, 
which the British leader cer- 
tainly can claim to do, His 
impressions, at any rate, are 
straight from Mr. K.’s lips, | 

{ Point 2: Mr. Macmillan, 
moreover, now is expert on 
the Soviet. chieftain’s three 

“current obsessions. These are: 

that foreign ministers cannot 
do the work of chiefs of gov- 
ernment; that the disarma- 

> emphasize it publicly. They ment inspection scheme is a 

Brigade, and with “free officers” 
in the rest of the Iraqi Army, 
the decision has been taken to 
“free the fatherland from en- 
slavement and tyranny.” 

Declaring that the provisional 
government in Mosul now was 
‘the only legal 

| the most senior Army officer in 
each Iraqi province to take com- 
mand of his province. 
Colonel Shawaf further warned 
‘the Iraq Petroleum Company not 
to pay further royalties to 
Premier Kassem’s government in 
Baghdad. Mosul lies in the heart 

statement—declare that maxi- 
mum employment, economic ex- 
pansion, and mbitary defense 
should be the true goals of the 
country, and that there is no 
evidence “of an imminent infla- 
tionary threat” that requires a 
rigidly baianced budget. Senator 
Paul H. Douglas (D) of Illinois 
is chairman of the committee. 

Even more specifically, top 
economic advisers of the Demo- 
cratic National Committee state 
flatly ‘here that unemployment 
of almost 5 million workers is 
the nation’s No. 1 economic 
problem. Speaking ffor this 
group, iagad economist John | sul coup, 

ennet albraith € ; : 
here: Ane ‘Motives Outlined 

“We would accept a deficit in| One reason stated that the 

preference to unemployment. | iv , 
The time to balance the budget ee. en ee thes re 
a category of people belonging 

is when all the people have oe . 
'to a certain political doctrine 

Republicans offer strong dis-' which had no popular support 
® ‘except what could be obtained 

The three R bli $ : 
estimate wobhenyeae prea through misleading representa- 
tions. Presumably Colonel! 

and three representatives of the 
joint economic committee criti-)| © . 

Shawaf was referring here to 
Communists in Iraq. 

cize what they call the “parti-| 

san political tone” of the ma- . 

jority report, its “cursory and . Colonel Shawaf also declared 

confused treatment” and its that Premier Kassem’s govern- 
ment had deviated from Arab 
solidarity. This could be con- 

ably Colonel Shawaf—if suc- 
cessful in holding Mosul—could 
somewhat control the output of 
Iraqi oil. 

It is too early to know whether 
Colonel Shawaf and his fellow 
conspirators are pro-Nasser in 
‘sentiment or Iragi nationalists 
desiring merely to rid _ their 
country of Communist influence. 
A hint as to Coloned. Shawaf's 
-mativations appeared in two of 
eight reasons given for the Mo- 

“cloudy and unclear’ position.” | 

The basic Republican position 
is the one reiterated by Mr. | 
Eisenhower: | though it would be dangerous to 

“Failure to achieve a balance | be conclusive on this point yet. 
in the budget can be expected! Other complaints voiced by 
to have prompt inflationary con-| the rebels over osul radio 
sequences,” 'were that thousands of Iraqi 
; | citizens had been thrown in 
Vetoes Foreseen | jail, that free officers had been 

The Republicans, whose com- | Subjected to all kinds of hu- 

'clare that they want economic) 
expansion, adequate defense and | 
‘full employment, too. But they | 

dodge for infiltrating his 
country with Western spies; | 
that West German military 
resurgence is a threat and 
that therefore a peace treaty | 
with the two Germanys is im- 
perative. | 

The British do not accept 
these fixations as valid. But 
they suggest exploring them | 
as starting points from which 
to negotiate useful compro- | 
mises or pilot schemes that at. 
least can start easing tension. | 

| Sete Seen 
The Prime Minister will 
carry to the Western capitals 


plenty of ideas—some accept- | 

able, some not, But the ulti- 
mate logic of his Moscow edu- 

cation is almost certain to be: 
foreign ministers first—but 
then a summit, 

London, like Moscow, can 
discern in Washington some 
pressure building up for a 
change in American policy 
toward the German problem. 

How strong, the British 
wonder, is the Fulbright- 
Mansfield influence likely to 

that a logical next step if 
Washington is ready to recog- 
nize East German “agents’’? 
And would a further step per- 
mit a peace treaty with both 
Germanys, as Mr. Khrush- 
chev suggests? : 
Hf even a smattering of al} 
this actually is in prospect, 
a worthwhile summit might 
not seem quite so unattain- 
able, even to Americans, 
-The feeling here is Mr. 
Macmillan returned inwardly 
convinced anew that a step- 
by-step pinnacle approach is 
justified. No one will be sur- 
prised if he feels it his duty 
to convince his allies such is 
the case—whether or not they 
prove receptive to the idea, 

‘assert the “basic requisite” for | 

‘Republicans in White House and | 
‘Congress warn of inflation, feel 

 pereditures are made under in-/| 

budget will quickly bring it out. | 

mittee leader is Senator Prescott | Miliation, that members of the 
Bush (R) of Connecticut. de-| Sovereignty Council had been 
; ‘replaced by opportunists, and 
that Premier Kassem’s govern- 
ment was erecting an idol to be 
worshiped in place of God. 
The immediate question will 
be the outcome of the struggle 
between Fremier Kassem and 
the revolutionaries in the north. 
Even if Colonel Shawaf’s move- 
ment proves to be abortive, at 
least he must have had a de- 
and gree of support in order to 
unbalanced | seize control of Mosul radio. 
| Thus, even if Premier Kassem 
Democrats, on the contrary, succeeds in crushing the Mosul 

these goals 
price level,” 
Summing the 

is “stabilizing the 

issue up, the 

that defense and domestic ex- 


imminent threat, 

that an 

pooh-pooh the’ imminence of in-| rebels, what has happened in| 

flation, deny any automatic con-/| that northern 
nection between inflation and an|symptomatic of the troubles 
unbalanced budget, and urge; which General Kassem's: gov- 
employment, defense, and eco-| ernment appears bound to face 
nomic expansion as the para- | in the future if it persists in its 
mount goals. : pro-Communist policy. 

Iraqi city is 

All Quiet Reported 

At Kentucky Mines 

The World’s Day 

Rug. U.S. Pas. Of, 

National: Coal Area Faces Relief Problem 

All is quiet at the several coal mines in Harlan County, Ky., ° 
be on President Eisenhower? | 

Is the United States now pre- | 
pared to break with the past 
to the extent of recognizing | 
Communist East Germany? Is_ 

where 3,100 of the nation’s 5,000 miners are on strike following 
the breakdown of contract negotiations over the weekend. But 
the situation is tense in the hard-pressed area with 13,000 of 
the county’s 58,000 residents already on relief and an addi- 
tional 4,000 out of work. 

Production workers at eight plants of the Bell Aircraft Corpora- 
tion struck in a dispute over a new contract. At least 1,500 
Workers across the nation-were involved. 

New England: New Try to Settle Strike Set 

State and federal conciliators will make a new effort to settle 
strike of the Eastern Massachusetts Street Railway at a con- 
ference tomorrow morning. 

Europe: Koch Receives Capital Sentence 

Erich Koch, Naz! political leader for East Prussia and northeast 
Poland during World War II, today was sentenced to capital 
punishment for responsibility for the killing of 232,000 Poles, 

Australia: ECAFE Conference Under Way | 

A conference of the United Nations Economic Commission for 

Asia and the Far East opened today in Broadbeach, Australia, 
with an examination of Asia’s growing food problem. 

Weather Predictions: Snow Tonight (Page 2) — 

Art, Music, Theater, Radio, TV: Page 7: FM: Page6 ~~ 

March 9, 1959 

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of Iraq’s oil fields, and presum-'! 

strued as pan-Arab sentiment, | 

_or Western troops in West Berlin would have to be helé& 

oe to rally their forces against the | 

United Press International 


By Neal 


Two facts stand out in the 

1. President Eisenhower is 
taking personal charge of this 
sharpening Berlin crisis: 

2. While White House and 
Congress stand together o.: prin- 
ciples involved, they differ 
sharply on procedures to fol- 

The President is directing 
| American policy in this present 
‘crisis as in none previous, 
| It is the President who not 
‘only chairmans but. dominates 
‘the top-level and top-secret 
| meetings he is holding with con- 
| gressional political leaders and 
' military and foreign affairs lead- 
ers of Congress. 

United on Firmness 

He is, in essence, acting as 
his own Secretary of State, as 
iwell as President and com- 
| mander in chief. 

It is clear from the Presi- 
dent’s statements at these 
private and critical White House 
talks that he is convinced he has 
all the money he needs with 
which to achieve an adequate 
defense posture — both short 
term and long term — and to 
'earry the country through the 
| present crisis. 
| Many top congressmen do not 
agree with him. 
There is no dispute over 
whether the United States 
should stand firm on its rights 
and responsibilities in Berlin. 

But there is serious and 
basic disagreement over just 
how the problem should be 

Said Senator Lyndon B. John- 
son (D) of Texas over the week- 
end: “Shall Berlin be remem- 
bered as the deathbed of de- 
mocracy—or as the graveyard 
of aggression?” 

“We can no longer sit by and 
see our. strength — military, 
moral, or economic—decimated 
by delay, defeat, or retreat.” 

Asserted Senator J. William 
Fulbright (D) of Arkansas, 
chairman of,the Senate Foreign 
Relations Committee: “There is 
lack of imagination and origi- 
nality in the way the adminis- 
tration responds to the Rus- 
|sians. The West is losing the 
propaganda battle with the So- 

Charged Allen J. Ellender (D) 
of Louisiana: “The administra- 
tion appears to be doing little 
except saying, ‘We won't budge 
an inch.’ ” 

The President, however, is 
convinced he has the military 
power to meet the country’s 
military commitments as re- 
gards Berlin. 

His critics do not agree, 

NATO Boost Asked 

For example, some critics 
have called for a strengthening 
of North Atlantic Treaty Or- 
ganization forces in Europe ‘to 
convince the Soviets the West 
means business. 

The President does not think 
such action wise or necessary. 

His critics have called for 
some kind of partial military 
mobilization at home—just in 
case. The President opposes 
mobilization, arguing he does not 
want to give the impression of 
emergency action, does not want 
to “stir up the country.” 

His critics have urged him not 
to go. ahead with plans to cut 
"States ground troops just 


to a minimum and must not 
interfere in the internal life 

= of the city. 

Pattern Recognized 

{“Some people are afraid,” 
Mr, Khrushchev said, “that the 
freedom and independence of 

we West Berlin would be -threat- 

= ened. But we are prepared to 

[eee join with the Western powers to 

mae Guarantee the freedom of the 
. city.”’] 

Erich Ollenhauer 

at Helm; 

Berlin Tack Argued 


Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 

at this moment. The President 
has replied he is not changing 
present plans. Se 

Repeatedly in his exchanges 
with congressional critics the 
President returns to the theme of 
fiscal responsibility. 

The Soviets, he argues, are Pp 

determined to “spend the United 
States into bankruptcy.” And he, 
the President, is not going te fall 
into that trap. 

His critics, conversely, fee 
that the Berlin crisis is so serious 
and dangerous that the United 
States and its allies must by 
strengthening their defense pos- 
ture make clear to Moscow they 
intend to fight for Berlin if 
necessary, even if it means un- 
balancing the budget. 

Meanwhile, some kind of East- 
West diplomatic meeting seems 

The United States has drafted 
its reply to Moscow’s latest pro- 
posals on summit and foreign 
ministers talks, 

It is submitting it for discus- 
sion and approval to the British 
and French and other NATO 

It welcomes Moscow’s willing- 
ness to meet at the foreign min- 
isters level; but does not accept 
Moscow's limited agenda for 
such a meeting. 

It does not accept a summit 
meeting as an inevitable conse- 
quence of a foreign ministers 
meeting—but neither does it rule 
it out, 

Shortly, British Prime Min- 
ister Harold Macmillan will be 
visiting Washington and from 
that meeting there is expected 
to emerge a common Anglo- 
American and eventually West- 
ern Big Four (American, British, 
French, German) position on 
negotiations with the Soviets. 


Furcolo sales tax bill, fac- 
ing serious opposition, to be 
unveiled this week. Page 2 

Cardinal Cushing de- 
plores religious issue in con- 
nection with presidency and 
Kennedy, Page 2 

Limited - war capabilities 
of United States worry top 
military planners, Page 3 

French municipal elec- 
tions give Communists a 
boost; show coolness to de 
Gaulle party. Page 4 

Senator Humphrey rides 
trail toward 1960 candidacy. 

Page 8 

Red Sox to return to 
Scottsdale, Ariz., for spring 
training next year? Page 11 

United States team losés 
to Soviet Union 5-1 in 
world ice hockey tourna- 
ment, Page 11 

New bridge over Colorado 
River spurs work on Glen 
Canyon Dam. ' Page 14 

Syria’s ambivalence: Im- 
ports from West, financial 
aid from U.S.S.R, Page 15 

King Hussein of Jordan 
visits President Chiang of 
Nationalist China. Page 16 

] eward 

Mr. Khrushchev’s latest words 
and actions conform to a pattern 
established right after the Bol- 
sheviks seized power in Russia— 
to talk to the people over the 
heads of their government. Well 
aware of the Social -_Democratic 
opposition to Chancellor Konrad 
Adenauer’s policy, the Soviet 
Premier is concentrating his ef- 
forts on them. For March 10 he 
has scheduled a meeting with 
West Berlin’s Mayor Willy 
Brandt at the Soviet Embassy in 
East Berlin. 

The March 9 meeting with 
Herr Ollenhauer also took place 
at the Soviet Embassy. It re- 
sulted from an invitation Mr. 
Khrushchey extended to Herr 
Ollenhauer more than a week 

Acceptance of the invitation 
was approved by the Social 
Democratic executive commit- 
tee and Herr Ollenhauer earlier 
informed both Foreign Minister 
Heinrich von Brentano and West 
Berlin Lord Mayor Willy Brandt 
about it. 

Conditions Outlined 

To avoid possible misunder- 
standings that this meeting 
might be taken as approval of 
the thesis of “two Germanys,” 
the Social Democratic accept- 
ance is understood to have been 
conditional upon, (1) that no- 
body from the East German 
Government or from its Com- 
munist Party would be present; 
(2) that the meeting was to take 
lace in the Soviet Emb 
in East Berlin which is extfa- 
territorial, and (3) that every 
effort would be made to bring 
out a joint communiqué after- 
to prevent exploitation of 
meeting for propaganda 

[The main point of the com- 
muniqué, according to a Reuters 
report, was that Mr. Khrush- 
chev and Herr Ollenhauer 
agreed that outstanding prob- 
lems “must be solved in a peace- 
ful way through negotiations.” 

[The communiqué said ques- 
tions touched on during the 
“friendly” discussion included a 
German peace treaty, the status 
of West Berlin, the liquidation 
of the occupying regime in West 
Berlin, and the strengthening 
of peace and security in Europe, 

The Associated Press quoted 
Herr Ollenhauer as saying at 
his press conference: 

{“I have the impression that 
on the Soviet side all efforts will 
be made to solve the problem 
er and to avoid a con- 


{“I came away with the im- 
pression that the Soviets are 
ready to negotiate, want to do 
so quickly, and are willing to 
have a thorough debate of con- 
crete proposals from both sides. 
' (“Given good will on both 
sides I am convinced that a 

aceful solution can be found. 

y impression is that the So- 
viets are seeking a permanent 
solution of. the German ques- 

{The leader of West Ger- 
many’s No. 2 political party de- 
clared he disagreed with Mr, 
Khrushchev on many points re- 
garding the Berlin question and 
an over-all German settlement. 

Others Invited 

[But replying to newsmen’s 
questions, he added: 

(“There was agreement, how- 
ever, that there is no question 
which cannot be solved peace- 
fully and it was agreed our 
problems must be solved peace- 

Three other outstanding Social 
Democrats, Herbert Wehner, a 
deputy chairman of the party, 
Prof..Carlo Schmid (party can- 
didate for the presidency of West 
Germany) and Fritz Erler have 
accepted invitations to visit 
Moscow beginning March 15. 

To those expressing doubts 
about these contacts between 
opposition and the Kremlin, 
Social Democratic spokesmen 
reply that in a time such as this 
every opportunity should be 
taken to get firsthand informa- 
tion about Soviet thinking, also, 
to convince the Soviets that the 
opposition, like the government 
here, stands firm to defend the 
freedom of West Berlin and 
favors genuine East-West n 
tattons aimed at relaxing tene 
sion, : 

The West German Social 
Democrats have long demanded 
exploratory talks with the 
Soviets and are prepared to — 

“ ” 

Q** ee 



Furcolo Readies Sales Tax as Opposition Gains Strength 

By Edgar M. Mills 
New Engiand Politica! Editor of 
The Christian Science Monitor 
Governor Furcolo is unveil-' 
ing his 1959 sales tax bill this) 
week, under present plans, amid | 
growing controversy over 4a) 
sales: tax versus big income tax} 
increases as well as over-all) 
revenue needs. 
To date, the Furcolo sales tax |, 
plan appears to have split its, 
proponents wideiy over details 
thus boosting the opposition’s 
prospects of killing it. | 
Just as two years ago, Gov- 
ernor Furcolo unwittingly aided 
the opposition by delaying in- 
troduction of his specific sales) 
tax legislation, so this year has'| 
he followed the same pattern. '| 
Each day’s delay in submitting 
his detailed bill has added to the | 
opposition fire. 
Already the delays have made 

- | 

impossible of attainment the, the same opinion. They assert 
Governor’s April 1 target date that the patronage opportunities 

limited sales tax. Actually few! now been dried up to a large 
observers on Beacon Hill now | extent by other issues. 
expect passage of the sales tax; Of course, the Governor has 
this year, despite the need of| wide Democratic control in both 
the state and municipalities for | branches of the Legislature as a 
vast amounts of new revenue. | 
Governor Hopeful |many of the new Democrats are 
However, the Governor 
hopeful that once his bill is; senator John E. Powers (D) of 
presented to Democratic legisla- | Boston, President of the Senate, 
tive leaders and others this | had softened his opposition to 


week, prospects for its approval; the sales tax has been largely | 

will greatly improve. | dispelled by recent public state- 

Only the most drastic switches | ments. i 

in legislative sentiment, how-' Other Changes Expected 

. ‘ ' 
i eg gg bring about + At the moment* many .Beacon 
ory for the Governor on is | es: , 

a sce viewers expec z 
controversial issue, most observ- Hull wate «PRs mse ta expect that 
ers believe. ‘the Legislature will approve 

Even many of the Governor’s some income tax changes as a 
closest political associates are of' means of balancing the state 


t776G: Birth of U. S. Navy. Schooner Hannah, 
built in Beverly, manned by Marblicheaders, 
sailed against British shipping and men-o' war, 
proudly flying the Pine tree flag. 

From the 

o the submarine “Skipjac 

, State 
result of the 1958 elections. But 

| not well disposed toward a sales | 
tax. Furthermore, any hope that | 

budget and adopt an increase in! 
' the gasoline tax—that is all, ) 
for passage of his 3 per cent: available ‘two years ago have | 

The two more likely income | 
tax changes are elimination of | 

‘federal state income payments | 

as allowable deductions on the) 
income tax returns and /| 
taxation of rental income. | 

Even these two changes would | 
not produce sufficient revenue to | 
balance the state budget, 
lars out of balance. Sharp | 
slashes in the $454,000,000 budg- | 
et, as submitted by the Gover-| 
'nor, will also be necessary. The | 
| House Committee on Ways and) 
| Means is now working on ihe! 
| budget, hopeful of making deep | 
' cuts. | 
| But as now contemplated, leg- | 
islative tax action would do) 



{nothing to relieve the plight of | 
taxpay-i|chusetts mayors and selectmen |, 

| who would prefer that the state 

| hard-pressed 
| ers, 


now | 
considered about $55,000,000 dol- | 

‘tax revenue. Others 

One of the major roadblocks 
in the path of the Governor's 
sales tax plan is division among 
sales tax proponents over a 
method of applying the 274 share 
of the sales tax revenue going 
to the municipalitiés so that 

| property tax cuts will follow. 

Opinions Varied 
Some sales tax proponents feel 
no restrictions should be placed 

on municipal of the sales 
hold that 
the municipal share should be 
largely devoted to improvement 
of local educational standard: 
Still others believe even more 
stringent restrictions should be 
placed on municipalities so that 
the revenue cannot be used to 
finance new operations. 

There are many among Massa- 




1787: Ship Columbia, owned by customers of 
The Massachusetts Bank (predecessor of The 
FIRST) was first to carry the United States flag 
around the world, opened the China Trade. 

Deena “= 
: —-_* 

a’ ~ 
oe. ete 

1833: Yankee Clippers from McKay's yards 
at East Boston were pride of New England and 
toast of world’s ‘mariners as they sped tea from 
China, raced to California's goldfields. - 

schooner “Hanna 


a ~ 



itself keep all the sales tax 
revenue in return for the state 

taking over all education, wel- 

| Furcolo 


fare and county costs, or one or 

more of these categories, control | 

of which is largely out of local 
Over the weekend Governor 
and Prof. Arnold M. 
Soloway, Harvard economist 
and vice-chairman of the 
sachusetts Chapter, Americans 
for Democratic Action. squared 
away in a WBZ-TV debate on 
sales tax. 
Arguments Countered 
Many neutral 

the Governor 

observers felt 
had the upper 
hand in the debate, as he coun- 


tered or Solowavy's argu- 
ments a tax would 
be weighing heavily 
on those least able to pay. 



~ : 14 A 
= Ange ara’ Y 

19068: Largest tanker built in U. S. launched 
at Quincy. Princess Sophie, Greek-owned, will 
carry Arabian oil to world ports, typifies inter 
national business of New England yards. 

ATOMIC SEAPOWER began in New England, is boom- 
ing here today. Skipjack, recently launched at Groton, Conn., 
is world’s fastest submarine. Another 16 are on order, an atoinic 
cruiser has been started, a destroyer is on the drawing boards. 



From the very first day this Bank opened its doors, the tang of salt air has pervaded our 
offices. Our first customers numbered among them many leading ship owners and merchant 

traders. As Boston, a great port long before the. Revolution, developed naturally into a center 
for maritime finance, dollars from The FIRST helped keep the Stars and Stripes flying on the 
seven seas. Early customers of the Bank sent “‘ Columbia” on her historic voyage that opened 
the Northwest fur trade and unlocked the treasure houses of the Orient. Later customers 
launched the sturdy whalers that carried the Yankee flag deep into the vast reaches of the 
Pacific and the Arctic. The lean, swift-footed Clippers, the ferst large iron steam vessel, the 
clumsy dreadnoughts of World War I, the atomic submarine — all these were achievements of 
New England imaginativeness and New England skill. And just as this early affinity. for the 
sea has helped New England prosper through the years, so too it has helped make New 
England's leading bank one of the forerunners in world-wide banking. 

/ ‘] 

4 : . a 
h 7 

Personal and Corporate Trust Service through our affiliate Ov Covony Trust Company 

Re ee 

2 6 



8 . 
5 Monster Kite Succeeds 

Mas- | 

By the Associated Press 

Westport, Conn. 

Men ran into Long Island Sound, little boys cheered, and the 
wind blew the wrong way yesterday as kite-fiying history was 
made here. 

The kite in question was a big one—144 square feet of nylon 
stretched over aluminum tubing. 

The historic achievement, according to the commander of 
the kite-flying crew, was that two smaller kites were used as 
“aerial crutches” to get the big one aloft. 

About 2,000 spectators were at Compo Beach, Westport, to 
see Will Yolen’s monster kite test its wings. They weren't 
disappointed. It went up grudgingly afd then down suddenly 
several times before the “crutch” technique was used. 

On one of the early attempts, Mr. Yolen dashed into Long 
Island Sound while trying to get the kite up. Had the wind 
been blowing the other way, he said, he wouldn’t have got wet. 

Mr. Yolen, a public relations man who lives in Westport. is 
generally considered to be the best kite flyer in North America. 
ol * 

EE at ae 

Cardinal Hits Query 

OnKennedy Religion 

Around New 


By the Associated Press 


Richard Cardinal Cushing, Roman Catholic Archbishop of 
Boston, said today it is “certainly ridiculous” to suggest Senator 
John F, Kennedy (D) of Massachusetts might not be able to 
fulfill his oath of office because he is a Roman Catholic. 

The prelate said it is “a great pity’ that questions about 
Senator Kennedy’s religion have to be answered at all. 

The senator has been prominently mentioned as one of the 
leading candidates for the Democratic presidential nomination 
in 1960, 

Cardinal Cushing said in & speech that a recent magazine 
article giving Senator Kennédy’s views on certain questions 
having religious implications has caused unintentional confusion. 

In an article last month in Look magazine, Senator Kennedy 
said religion and government,must be kept separated. The 
senator declared himself strongly opposed to’federal aid for 
any church or religious school, and against appointment of 
a United States ambassador to the Vatican. 

“The meaning intended has given way to other people's 
interpretations,’ Cardinal Cushing said, “and thus out of simple 
candor has come much confusion.” 

His remarks were included in a speech prepared for the Lan- 
tern Club, an association of New England advertising representa- 
tives of national magazines. 

Church Editor Criticizes Kennedy 

By the Associated Press 
Providence, R.I. 

A Roman Catholic spokesman suggested yesterday that Sena- 
tor John F. Kennedy (D) of Massachusetts may have alienated 
considerable Roman Catholic support for his presidential ambie 
tions by his answers in a Look magazine interview. 

The Rev. Edward H,. Flannery, editor of the Providence 
Visitor, diocesan weekly, said wide criticism of the Kennedy 
article in the Roman Catholic press indicates that the time is 
past when Roman Catholics feel they need a leader to represent 
them exclusively—one they must fail in line behind. 

Fr, Flannery has criticized Senator Kennedy editorially for 
his stand for strict church-state separation. 

Hennigan Expected to Enter Race 

By a Staff’ Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


Senator James W. Hennigan, Jr., (D) of Boston is expected 
to announce formally his candidacy for Mayor of Boston at a 
reception in his honor at the Sheraton Plaza Hotel on Sunday, 
March 15, at 8 p.m. 

Already formally in the field is John F.. Collins, Register of 
Probate for Suffolk County. Senator John E. Powers (D) of 
Boston, president of the Senate, who has been campaigning for 
the mayoralty for some time, is expected to announce his 

candidacy next week. 

Relies on 

Bedford, Mass. 

Put together the business 

and research ability needed to 
produce an adequate air defense 

Defense Systems Integration 
Division based at Hanscom Field 

ADSID comprises the manage- 

United States Air Force within 

defense planning, 
and implementation in accord- 
ance with Air Force responsi- 

The new agency brings to- 
gether the resources of the 
Air Development and Research 
Command, Air Materiel Com- 
mand, and Air Defense Com- 
mand of the Air Force. The en- 
gineering organization added is 
the Mitre Corporation, which is 
the management support where- 
by the research talents and 
organization of Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology — are 
brought into the planning. 

Key word of ADSID’s role is 
integration. This agency must 

Computer Processes Data 
Maj, Gen, Kenneth 

stated that the agency’s job is 
compatibility of systems—‘‘make 

antee that programing places the 
right components in the right 
places at the right time—‘‘make 
the parts come out even.” 
Establishment of ADSID is a 
major attempt to get the human 

mation relaying and give the 
job to machines. Under today’s 
concept the Air Foree personnel 

Weather Predictions 
By U.S. Weather Bureau ° 
Tuesday Clear 

New England—Snow tonight 
with temperatures in the middle 

to northeast winds increasing to 
15 to 25 miles an hour, Tuesday 
clear with high temperatures in 
the upper 30's. 

Tuesday morning. Snow tonight 
with visibility 1 mile or less. 

un Rises Sun Sets Moon Rises 

Events Scheduled 
In Greater Boston 

| Tonight 
Igor Stravinsky's “Petrouchka’’—Bur- 
leque in Four Scenes, Recorded Music 
Series, Boston Public Library; Preview 
Room; 7 p.m. 

management, military direction, ; 

system against enemy attack and | 
it spells out the role of the Air’! 

ment agency established by the! 

its own family to coordinate air | 
programing, | 

know what is to be done and) 
generate the means of doing the | 

P. Ber- 
quist, ADSID Commander, has | 

twofold: (1) to ensure technical | 

them work’’—~and (2) to guar- | 

being out of the chain of infor- | 

20's in Boston and vicinity. East | 

Eastport to Block Island—East | 
winds 15 to 25 miles an hour | 
tonight, becoming northwest by | 

High Tide, Commonwealth Pier 
sean 10, 11:49 a.m, ht. 10.1 ft. | 

6:06 a.m. 5:44 p.m. 6:32 a.m. | 

Air Defense Plan 


By a Stag Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 

, Manning the components put to- 
gether by ADSID will not be 
relaying information personale 
ily. Instead, they will stand bee 
side the equipment to make sure 
that it is performing its autoe 
matic relaying functions. 
From the outset of its formae 

‘tion, the Air Force recognized 

that it does not have the talent 
‘and manpower to perform the 
job itself. As it has in times past, 
the Air Force brought the prob- 
lem to Massachusetts Institute of 
| Technology. 

MIT Acts as Sponsor 

To free itself from the actual 
management operation and con- 
centrate on research, MIT spon- 
sored the Mitre Corporation, the 
name being a combination of 
MIT and Rand Engineering, 
which performed many studies 
for USAF. 

Into Mitre, the Cambridge 
technological school is placing 
all of the systems engineering 
support for ADSID. To it also 
will be assigned similar func- 
tions of Lincoln Laboratory so 
that organization can also cone 
‘centrate on research and con- 
‘tinue to do work appropriate to 
an educational organization. 
MIT is rapidly turning over to 
Mitre full responsibility to the 
Air Force as soon as possible. 


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a Pen tagon Squ irm s gots E Conservative Tie Close in Arizona 
isp Resnvinies -Fannin’s Road Seen Lively but Smooth 

By Courtney Sheldon : eee 
Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor | a ey" a 
Washington |the most lengthy statement. In}! : | 4 
The nation’s top military | the opinion of Most observers, | Sigg. seem ae | 
planners — speaking for their | the Army has been hit the hard- | Bae fe | 
own individual services—have | est by budget restrictions in re- | Bee % snore Gee 
more reservations about limited | cent years. vhs 

ae > 

Phoenix, Ariz. 
Arizona's Paul Fannin is a Re- 
publican Governor surrounded 

| | by ° Legislature full of Demo- nessman. But he was a political ; new challenges to test the guber- situation of grave proportion.” 
crats. But it is a peaceful sight. tyro. — 'natorial mettle. Nowhere, claims the Governor, 
Nothing epitomizes the politi-| During the long campaign,| Arizona's population has dou- has this been felt more than in 

B'|cal climate of Arizona so well| Governor Fannin proved an ef- led in the past decade. In 1946 school financing. Home-owning 
pi today as this spectacle of a! effective 

By John C. Waugh | 

(tern of concentration,” Governor 
Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 

| Fanniw told the Legislature, 
\‘that tide has created a tax 

war capabilities than the so- 
called missile gap. 

Their views have been sub- 
mitted in writing to the Senate 
subcommittee on preparedness, 
at the request of the committee. 

They do not represent a 
change of thinking on the part 
of the group as a whole, acting | 
through the Joint Chiefs of | 


Four major Army program 
were cited as being undernour- 

(1) Army modernization, (2) 
the anti-missile missile (Nike- 

Zeus) program, (3) the person- | 

nel strength of the active Army 
and reserve forces, and (4) the 
surface-to-air missile 

| program. 


aa | Republican Governor presiding 
tema |Over a heavily Democratic state 
on —— = | and still feeling comfortable. 

Starfighter F-104A displays Governor Fannin probably will 
its might, carrying two Sidewinder air-to-air guided missiles. | ,o4 oniy' get along with his 
The Sidewinder has an infra-red tracking device in its nose, | Democratic Legislature during 
enabling it to “home” on a speeding plane, The Starfighter, now (the coming two-year tem, but 
“ready for combat” with the 56th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, re probably will see eye to eye 
holds the world’s speed record at 1,404 m.p.h., as well as an | ’ 

with it on most issues. 
altitude mark at 91,243 feet, | Both the Governor 

2. as 
mance Se e 
- PC ne » a ds foes. 

and most 

eS Se 

eT ees _— 

Staff. Congress already has shown; 
It is still the corporate opin- its sympathy with the Army on;2.8 billion dollars, the 

fiscal | 

The Navy chief was also con- 

of the Arizona Legislature, party | 

ilabels notwithstanding, 
Similar political 

hold a 

| campaigner. The 
strength of 

poems the well-known 

the state had a population of taxpayers are burdened under a 

his Democratic op- | 596,000. Today there are 1,230,- disproportionate tax load. 
state | 000 living in 

Arizona. Half of “In 10 years,” says Governor 

jattorney general, Robert E, | these—600,000—are concentrated | Fannin, “our school population, 

| Morrison, was seriously weak- | in , 
rened in a_ rough-and-tumble |; Phoenix 



around , taxable assets, and tax revenue 
1975 the 

state's from sources other than property 

| primary which saw the’ Morri-| population is expected to dou-‘ baye more than doubled. But our 

ison name linked to an unfortu- | blé 

nate past. Furthermore, 
fernor Fannin’s Republican run- 
ning mate for the United States 
|'Senate was the popular 
Goldwater, This was a 

C;0V~- lion mark. | 

Barry | 

again, passing the two mil- school costs have quadrupled, 

Markets in 
‘ Issues 

. a , 7 . 

Slates Tax Relief | 
This rising tide of 

concentrating in the 

people is 

signifi- | 
ion of the JCS—composed of the | the personnel strength. But it|;year 1960 budget will make! cerned about the progress of the 

ideology. That | 
chiefs of the Air Force, Army,|has been unsuccessful in per-/available 1.19 billion dollars for | 

ant asset. 

All these factors taken 
igether carried Mr. Fannin 
the governorship by a comfort- | 
_able margin. 

Now that 
can Arizona 

| cities, notably Phoenix and Tuc- | 
to. Son. And this constitutes Ari-! 
to ,-zona’s most imposing problem. | 
“Because of the uneven pat- 

Members: Phtia.-Baito. Stock Exch. 
Boston G& Pitts: Stock Exch. ( Assoc.i 

1516 Locust St., Phife. 2, Pe. cccneun 

ee te 

he is there, what! 
expect from him? 


Postage Poid 6n Bank-By-Moail Accounts 


Member Federal Deposit insurance Corporotion 

|ideology is conservatism. i 
and Navy—that the nation’s de- | suading the administration to|procurement and 176 million antisubmarine | 
| strength of. 925,000 to a total of | tion and transportation. | This means both prefer to hold 
Cutbacks Nettle \ | sina : fired from nuclear submarines).' Both lean strongly t states’ | 
-— 20 ant. ‘ i : gi: O States | 
the in&ividual | though they apply to a degree mount is about 200 million dol 
iti JCS except for matter relating 
ammunition for those in deterdewn ts | is 
Pate. | this political rapport'server here contends, Arizona 
istic budgetary restrictions on | needs, General Taylor declared: |solescence and makes no provi-|Commandant of the 
‘inventory from 14 billion dollars | requirements of his branch of of growth so rapidly transform. | ©t?° 
theme in the service chiefs’ 
pte sn aie She croache steadily on the guber- | 
lars per year (exclusive of Nike- | leigh A. Burke, Chief of Naval! cilities—he regarded personnel | ©™0r has yet to be tested. . 
and insufficient money for mod- 
a 200,000 westerner, was a political un- Just the same, problems posed 
any specific mention of the so- ' 
“Against this requirement of | aircraft. marines. ia successful and respected busi-| of its economy are throwing up 
Force Chief of Staff, did not call | 
funds for the follow-on Minute- 
He apparently supports the 

| warfare program | 
fense posture is adequate for | 
| | the fleet ballistic missile weapon | 
| 870,000 by June. * | “The 1,19 - billion - dollar 
Nevertheless, ve The Marine Corps is repre-!ights, Both are convinced advo- 
rovide |to big war capability—are re-jtars less than the amount re- & ‘ Reb nee 2a GVO 
free enterprise 
gress who feel the Eisenhower | €xcept the antimissile missile. | inventory due te directly to the corps. | Fugged 
sion for buildi t Marine | Wat! toad to in the way of leg- |has not had a truly strong Gov- | 
the military. ‘sion for building up our present 
‘11; rs ' hell ae : . in the 1940’s, Thecontention is | 
“A procurement appropriation | '° 20 billion dollars, ‘the service—personnel, ships, '%& this state still is not cleat 
statements, it was disgruntle- 
natorial powers until today they 
Zeus) over a five-year period is| Operations, was comparable to! ‘as paramount.” 
ernizing equipment. | | . 
program to provide the Army | for more money for maintenance! personnel level, but has been! known when he decided in 1958! by Arizona’s expanding popula- 
called missile gap. 
for increased production of Atlas 
man missile were less than de- 
IFOIRID) r b r | | | | 

) ies ‘Political Newcomer 
stop its planned cutbacks from aj; dollars for industrial mobiliza- | and the rate of procurement of | al » dart 
now. ' 
systems (the Polaris missile| the line against public spending. 
All of the Army requests— | 
statements are likely to 3 . sented through the Navy on the, ‘New Challenges Due | 1 
imited war preparation,|quired to offset the annual cates of fre | and aa 
Con- exces sO 3 a | individualism. | As one respected political ob- | ANNUAL DIVIDEND 
administration has set unreal-| In spelling out the Army’s | consumption, wear-out, and ob-| Gen, Randolph McC. | What ! 
rae ; Commandant of the . Marine | ‘ation At to meet the challehge _had a truly strong Gov- 1 Compounded and paid 4 times a year 
If there was any common |™Udget Compare ) 
, ; : . ~., |that the Legislature has en- 
of approximately 2.8 billion dol-| The statement of Admiral Ar-| aircraft, and construction of fa- [t is too early tp tell. The Gov- 
ment over personnel cutbacks | 
Governor Fannin, a tall, lean | gre insignificant. 
needed to support this phased | that of the Army in its request} He would prefer 
—< Notable for its absence was | Pr ' ney : f 
with ample modern equipment. | and modernization of ships and} granted funds for only 175,000" to run for Governor. He was ition and the heady realignment 
Gen. Thomas D. White, Air | 
missiles. He did not say that 

thesis of President Eisenhower 
and Secretary of Defense Neil H. 
McElroy that it would not be 
strategically or economically ad- | 
vantageous to build up a bigger 
stockpile of Atlases. 

Solid-Fuel Missile 

It is the administration’s con- 
sidered judgment that since the 
United States has a wide diver- 
sif.cation of weapons it is not 
necessary to match the Soviets’ 
missile for missle in the inter- 
continental ballistic missile clas- 

Within three years, it is held, 
the United States will have the 
Minuteman—an advanced solid- 
fuel missile which can be 
placed in protected hardened 
bases. . 

All these long-range missiles 
are under the control of the Air 
Force. But General White did 
not point out any deficiencies in 
that category. 

Instead, he recommended 
more rapid replacement of B-47 
bombers, the building of a pro- 
totype nuclear plane, greater 

. Coe nee 

procurement of the BOMARC 
surface to air missile, and more 
support for military construction 

On the controversial nuclear 
plane issue, the general com- 

Army View Offered 

“While certain scientific ad- 
visers do not feel that we are 
ready to start building a nuclear 
powered aircraft, I consider that 

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Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, Chief 
of Staff of the Army, submitted 

High Court Rules 
‘Conviction Valid 

In Contempt Case 

By the Associated Press 


The United States Supreme 
Court March 9 upheld the con- 
tempt conviction of Emanuel 
Brown, New York garment 
maker, who refused to answer 
grand jury questions in an in- 
vestigation of racketeering. 

The 1957 grand jury inquiry 
had been spurred by the acid 
blinding of labor columnist Vic- 
tor Riesel a year earlier. It was 
believed that Mr. Riesel’s cam- 
paign against racketeers was 
the motive for a hoodlum’s 
throwing acid in his face. 

The Supreme Court divided 
5-4 upholding the contempt 
conviction. Associate Justice 
Potter Stewart wrote the major- 

‘ity opinion. Chief Justice Ear! 

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Mr. Brown was called before a 
federal grand jury in New York 
in April, 1957. He refused to 
answer questions although 

‘promised immunity from prose- 
cution for any offense he might 

‘United States District Judge 
Richard H. Levet, holding Mr. 
Brown in contempt, sentenced 
him to 15 months in prisen. 

In earlier grand jury investi- 
gations into the Riese] case and 
into racketeering in the garment 
trucking industry, Mr. Brown 
had invoked the constitution’s 
Protection against self-incrimi- 

Brown's appeal to the 
-Supreme Court questioned, 
among other things, whether 

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MONDAY, MARCH 39, -1959 

Polish Reds Gird for Ouict Congress & 

By Eric Bourne 
pecial Correspondent of 
rhe Christian Science Monitor 
A uninformed visitor arriv- 
ing this week in this northern 
capital of the Soviet Union’s 

“socialist camp” would never 
know it stood on the eve of the 
ruling Communist Party’s 
policy-making congress. 

None of the usual trappings 
and propaganda of such an 
oceasion still favored by other 
members of the bloc—flamboy- 
ant slogans, red banners, and 
ubiquitous oversize portraits of 
leaders are in evidence. Nor is | 
there much evidence to suggest | 
‘that the great mass of Poles 
themselves are aware or con- 
cerned that their political lead- 
ers are meeting in session with 

1,300 delegates from all over 
the country for 10 days begin- 
ning March 10 to map Poland's 
“road to socialism” for another 
five-year plan period. 

The average Pole has his 
thoughts much more on. the 
continued problems of day-to- 
day living, grateful for bless- 
ings and improvements which, 
lin.ited as they still are, are 
substantial compared with con- 
ditions when this writer was 
here nearly a.year ago. 

Apathy Apparent 
This unexcited atmosphere— 
sober on the official side, apa- 

keynote approach to the con- 
ae It is to be a quiet and 
orderly affair, without sensa- 
il tion or demonstrative overtones 
—a strictly Polish business con- 


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gress with its emphasis on eco- 
nomic affairs and politically a 
confirmation of the way in 
which Party Chief Wladyslaw 
Gomulka has outmaneuvered his 
opponents and established his 
control, firm and complete, over 
the party. 

It will not become known at 
once if the old Stalinists will 
offer any last-ditch challenge. 
Only the Communist press rep- 
resentatives — including one 
Yugoslav correspondent — are 
being admitted to the congress. 
Mr. Gomulka has declined to go 
even as far as Soviet Premier | 
Nikita S. Khrushchev, who per- 

| thetic on the other—reflects the | mitted East and West reporters | 

alike to witness his own mara- 
thon report at the Soviet party 
congress in Moscow last month. 
New Five-Year Plan Due 
Criticism of leadership policies 
adopted by the central commit- 
tee some months ago will come 
—if it comes—largely on eco- 
nomic questions. The new five- 
year plan, which is to be adopted 
for the 1959 to 1965 period, sets 
a modest rise in industrial in- 
vestment, but not at the ex- 
pense of consumer goods, which 
are today so much more plenti- 

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ful that queties have already 
disappeared, or of agriculture, 
where the emphasis is still 
heavily onthe side of incentives 
for the private farmer. and 
strictly voluntary recruitment 
for state-favored cooperatives. 

There have, however, been 
critics who hold that Poland’s 
economic planning is too modest 
and who want plans for indus- 
tril expansion substantially up- 

There are also those who 
strongly disagree with the non- 
'Marxist implications of Poland’s 
'decollectivized: free agriculture 
|and are bitterly opposed to such 
;measures as the recent decision 
to sell state lands in former Ger- 
man territories at heavily cut 
prices and to give other incen- 
tives to private farmers to enh- 
courage more settlement in the 

The leadership, which only 
last month took energetic action 
to quell a revolt of party writers 
against growing literary censor- 
ship in Poland, may ba called 
upon to take even sterner steps 
against the recalcitrants for their 
indifference and disinclination to 
write constructively about the 
problems of “building socialism.” 

But Mr, Gomulka is expected 
to handle this or any other chal- 
lenge without much difficulty. 
This is in fact his congress — 
one which undoubtedly will set 
the seal on his authority within 
the party just as effectively as 
he has secured Soviet accept- 
ance of a “Polish road” by subtle 
compromise between the neces- 
sities of his bloc obligations 
without major infringement of; 



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domestic liberties gained in 1956 

or opposition to reforms which 

iin many ways are just as re- 

| visionist as President Tito’s. 

Moscow Represented 

The Soviets, being 

| believed ready to uphold the 
Poles in presenting their party 

Asnocianed Press Wirephote 

the frozen ponds and creeks. 

; friends, 

In March 8 Voting 

By the Associated Press 

After a brief flirtation with 

+| President de Gaulle, steady fol- 
‘lowers of France’s Communist 
‘|Party have gone back in the 
*|Communist fold. And th 


brought along few 

This was the most striking 

: result of elections held through- 

out France and many overseas 

a territories March 8 for municipal 

aetna OS Bye Se 

CHIMNEY-TOP “ROOM SERVICE”: The stork perched atop 
the chimney of blacksmith Franz Schreyer in Crumstadt, West 
Germany, is used to the lift service. The blacksmith furnishes a 
fish dinner with the ingenious elevator device. The stork has 
nested atop Herr Schreyer’s chimney for years, usually arriving 
from warmer climes too early to locate its own fish delicacies in 

The blacksmith rigged up the 

elevator service to tide over his feathered visitor. 

congress as a private Polish oc- 
casion, concerned strictly with 
private Polish business, which 
may be observed by the cus- 
tomary fraternal delegates. But 
the delegates have been chosn 
| from a little below top level in 
order to avoid, as obviously in 

ion is well represented. Nikolai 
TG. Ignatov, head of the Soviet 
delegation, is secretary of the 
Soviet Communist Party. He was 
elevated to the: Presidium last 
July fo lowing the purge of the 
“antiparty group,” and though 
relatively unknown aboard, is an 


case of Soviet 

risen with Mr. 

an overlord being present to} Khrushchev. 

| steer the proceedings or any | 
satisfied| reminiscence of that previous 
'with the Polish position and! visit, the dramatic but vain bid 
Warsaw loyalty. to the bloc, are!of the Kremlin leader in the 


FAA Setto Handle 

oceedings of October, 1956. 
In any event, the Soviet Un- 

subtle as a 

spring breeze... 

nothing will answer your 
many moods like a soft 

many variations we're 


Capitol and Washington Streets 

Reports Quickly 
By the Assoctated Press 

The Federal Aviation Agency 
March 8 announced establish- 
ment of a clearing house for 
‘quick handling of reports on 

near collisions between . air- 

The agency ordered all of its 
air traffic management field fa- 
' cilities to report on near misses 
immediately by telephone to the 
new central reporting office at 
| the air route traffic control center 
| here. 

This office, operating around 
the clock, will process the re- 
ports and send them to FAA 
‘headquarters for investigation 
by the appropriate offices. 

FAA said the new system will 
enable it to evaluate all reports 
of near misses quickly to deter- 
amine what action may be 
needed. The central reporting 
office will be manned by five 
highly trained specialists in the 
analysis of basic information of 
| this type. 

Reports of near misses may be 
made to any one of the 207 FAA 
operated domestic airport traffic 
control towers, air route traffic 
control centers, or 338 air traffic 
| communication stations. 

soft and 

It’s spring . . . and 

wool. . . . See the 

. offering on our 
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Premier | important member of the circle | 
Khrushchev, any suggestion of | which has 

councilors, Voting was held in 
about 38,000 communities to 
choose nearly 500,000 councilors 
from a list of more than a mil- 
lion candidates, 

On all fronts the Communists 
rallied from their setback last 
fall in the election of the new 
National Assembly. The Com- 
munist percentage of the vote 
then dropped from the 24 per 
cent they had maintained in 
most postwar elections to about 
18 per cent, 

Returns from the big cities and 
most of the smaller towns indi- 
cated the Communists again 
took about 1 vote in every 4 
March 8. 

Runoffs Due March 15 

While the Communist totals 
and percentages went up, they 
possibly will lose a number of 
local strongholds in the runoffs 
March 15. This may be especially 
true in the suburbs ringing 
Paris. Only a few of these con- 
tests were settled March 8 by 
one candidate getting a ma- 
jority. The high man wins in 
the second round, and anti- 
Communists frequently get be- 

| hind the strongest of their group. 

The Union for a New Repub- 
lic dropped sharply from its vote 

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602 Virginia Street E : 
_ Charleston, West Virginia 

in the November election of 

foe gye es The UNR was formed 
. oe ast fa 
Near-Air-Collision | 

as a widely com- 
plexioned group supporting 
eneral de Gaulle. The party 
picked up a number of seats on 
the municipal councils, but since 
it was starting from scratch, 
there could be no comparison 
with 1953. 

About 73 per cent of those 
eligible voted. The turnout in 
November was about 85 per 

A French news agency tabu- 
lation from the larger cities gave 
the Communists 829,493 votes of 
the 3,058,663 covered in the in- 
complete total. The UNR got 
555,068 for second place. In 

King Says India 

Patient With U.S. 
Racial Problems 

By the Associated Press 
New Delhi 

The Rev. Martin Luther King 
said March 9 he found no strong 
attitude of condemnation of the 
racial situation in the southern 
Uni States during his month’s 
tour of India. 

The Rev. Mr. King, leader of 
the 1955-1956 Negro bus boycott 
in Montgomery, Ala., said “peo- 
ple I met recognized the progress 
being made toward complete in- 
tegration in the United States. 

The Rev. Mr. King, an ex- 
ponent of nonviolent opposition 
to segregation, was sometimes 
during his boycott campaign 
compared with Mohandas Gand- 
hi’s nonviolent methods before 
deciding on their further appli- 
cation in the United States. 

The Baptist minister spent 
two one-half days with Vinoba 
Bhave, who some Indians con- 
sider Gandhi's spiritual suc- 
cessor. They walked four miles 
together during Mr. Bhave’s 
tour of India’s soliciting gift 
lands for the landless, 

On the suggestion of Mr. 
Bhave, the Rev. Mr. King said 
he wanted to appeal to India 
unilaterally to disarm as a stim- 
ulus to the rest of the world. 

“So far neither the United 
States nor the Soviet Union has 
revealed the moral courage or 
faith to do this,” the Rev. Mr. 
King said. 


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Paris the Communists got about 
28 per cent, denoting no great 

At Le Havre, only big city 
with a Communist administra<- 
tion, the Communists held all 18 

Macmillan In Paris 

Meanwhile British Prime Min« 
ister Harold Macmillan, who ar- 
rived here March 9, began a 
swing around the capitals of his 
major allies in search of a West- 
ern policy to take into negotia- 
tions with the Soviets. 

Arriving in Paris to confer 
with General de Gaulle, Mr. 
Macmillan said he feels the 
Soviets want to negotiate on 

“The Soviets accept ‘that these 
immediate problems — Berlin, 
Germany, and so on—ought to 
be settled by negotiations,” Mr. 
Macmillan said. 

He conceded that there are 
wide differences between . the 
West and the Soviets. He said in 
view of this it is all the more im- 
portant for the Western allies to 
get together “to confirm our 
common pélicy and p 

Paris was Mr, Macmillan’s first 
stop to report to Western lead- 
ers on his talks in Moscow with 
Mr. Khrushchev, The Prime 
Minister returns to London 
March 10, and flies March 12 to 
Bonn to give West-.German 
Chancellor Konrad Adenauer a 
fill-in. On March 19 he is to are 
rive in Washington to go over 
the Western views with Presi- 
dent Eisenhower, 

EOKA Chief Bids 
All Fighting Cease 
By Cyprus Rebels 

By the Associated Press 
Nicosia, Cyprus 

The leader of EOKA, the 
Greek Cypriote underground, 
finally has told his followers to 
lay down their arms and unite 
behind Archbishop Makarios in 
the building of the republic of 

“I am obliged to order the 
cessation of the struggle,” said 
the underground leader, Col, 
George Grivas. in a -mimeo- 
graphed leaflet distributed March 
9 from his secret hideout on 
Cyprus. He expressed disap- 
pointment that Cyprus had not 
won union with Greece — 
EOAK’s original aim—but said 
independence “is preferable to 
natiorial disruption.” 

Colonel Grivas told his fol- 
lowers that he was retiring and 
would not take part in politics 
or public life, either in Cyprus 
or in Greece, 

Although he still remained in 
hiding, Colonel Grivas was ex- 
pected to fiy to Athens in the 

S| next few days. The British Gov- 

ernment, which formerly had a 
price of £10,000 ($28,000) on 
his head, had promised him safe — 
conduct to Greece. go 

The little leaflet was the first 
word from Colonel Grivas on the 
ace by 
ritain, Turkey, and 

Cypriot-political inidace in Lone 

don Feb. 19, 




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TV to Focus on High School Hot Issues Decided a Life Sentence 

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i etthnal? Theak aie. two of the “Elliot Norton Reviews.” Mr. One of the hotter issues along , for a vote in the town of Read- 

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qrestions Dr. James Bryant’ members of the Repertory Com-| ing circuit was settled over the| cause of an early election, and Judicial. Court today reversed 
Conant, former president, Har- pany, who will present scenes | weekend, when Tewksbury i has been deferred until next a life sentence being served by 
vard University, and Francis | from both plays. imade its decision of a recurring | yeer. ye Reginald F. Metcalf, 16, of Newe 
Keppel, dean of the faculty of | eae Se ischool bus question, generally; A number of election surprises | : Roe buryport, ae 
education, Harvard, will an-, At 9 p.m. Channel 2 will) associated with ‘separation of | were featured over the weekend, | ee | Young Metcalf on Jan. 
swer in a. program called | present another program in the | church and state.” The president of the Massa- | #2 if , Be | | 1956, at the age of 13, shot 3 
_Edueation in the National In-| ir. 5 Centuries of Symphony”; After an all-morning debate, chusetts Selectmen’s Association | hy Sa” aa ec —_— “= a g killed Newburyport storekeeper 
terest” Tuesday at 7:15 p.m. on! oe. with G. Wallace Wood-| Tewksbury citizens granted |Was_unceremoniously dumped | ii ——eeee ee Ae Philip Kantrowitz. He was ape 
Channel 2’s “The Conant Re-| Worth discussing Beethoven’s|%,900 for transportation of | from local office by voters in Me Se ne a prehended a short time later, 
port.” 4 : 4 P Eroica and Pastoral Symphonies. school children to nearby paro- | Wenham. Charles W. Davis. lost sacra 8 eek a ee wok’ ee , 

Other Channel 2 highlights a AO Lowell. |Conrary, 426 to 267. 

co ead Be a, indicted for first-degree murder 
chial schools in the city of} his selectmen’s post to Samuel ao i oe (ee — pis ‘and in June, 1956, was allowed 

: oe ee ? ak yin COE ‘e 'to plead guilty to second-degree 
acta heen ox wie oa there In Wilmington, it was the! A _ milk truck driver and a Bese Oe a ba es }murder, Superior Court Justice 
; prog fluoridation issue again. Ever;|trucker staged upset victories —~ EB ere, 3 , asec > 

| ent ; — Oa A gece mama Bn ae ” Siig A | Wilfred E. Parquet sentenced the 
’ by <4 “pe geet nt Ad ~ mania since the town meeting voted to|jover veteran incumbents in : aa ay eer > * ti eee | boy to life imprisonment in the 
MPSON S “Listening ‘with G. Wallace fluoridate the town’s water a/Charlton and Rockland, respec- | oF: 2) ) _ £ | Massachusetts Correctional Ine 
| Woodworth fe re. a | few years ago, some citizens | | tively. i ng Se atk, ae omg ne ' - oes stitution at Walpole, Mass. 
: he Pe ee , have been pushing for a referen- | . William J. Case¥, making his! r % —<< % bet sat : | The case came before the Su- 
COTTAGE i} dum to halt the practice. jfirst try af politics, ousted COR Eo : | a 52 
Frances Minturn Howard will | 

CHEESE explain the function of the poet | 

; 3 pe ee | a Bis 'preme Judicial Court and the 
‘Donald ch six-term ore Pegi” : of to PNM. bes §! probation officer, Gerard Lane of 
"WNes ena i te pushing a referendum bill serectman in ariton, a " a bes ik: Wy vee e i Seca | Arlington, questioned the legal- 
FESTIV eae ase at : gris a WGSH- | through the state Legislature,| Ralph J. Murphy polled 10 po sa ee Tr eee : me, ity of the sentence because of 
AL : rae sg Moog H oenry All die. and Governor Furcolo signed it! ™ore votes than. John W. Ross, cpersteatentieamiees ane ™ ee == young Meicalf’s age 

Saestrags alten oward wi hg | dust in time for the town elec-|Selectman for the past 14 years| Bverett M. Smith " Boston Law Schoo! Prof. Mon- 
bass: pie role * the — aA | tion. es Rockland. : oe oot : roe Irfker represented the boy at 
ns Poets nal ee ee ee vital Last Saturday a record num-{ The tax-rate story continued Flower Show Takes Over Symphony Hall in Boston ithe Supreme Judicial Court 
ber of Wilmington voters elected to unfold in other communities, sale Ke ' : . ' without fee. The contention was 
Siac eke, 31 | ae Sat 'to continue fluoridation, 1,729 to|as some town meetings opened | At precisely 5:20 yesterday afternoon,.Ca- | ee New England Spring Flower Show were | that although the Superior Court 
; | Norman Thomas, head of the | 1.374. for the first time this year; and nadian concert pianist Glenn Gould took a final oisted by the same elevator. This morning, 

mse“ , : , had jurisdiction of Metcalf for 
SPRING SALAD Socialist Party of the United! Whether or not to continue/others continued their careful; bow after several encores and an enthusiastic the stage and entire floor of Symphony Hall is | grst-degree murder, it lost juris- 
States, will appear on Channel | fluoridation was 

This year they succeeded in 

| @ mass of > ing : s ers, EE gee tated 
iva “The American Tradition,” also scheduled |review of record, budgets. capacity audience began filing out of Symphony | jing pg Seating lb ‘een cened Ag an gee G fos pote ge td Bh coreg 
Tuesday morning at 9 o’clock., | Hall. Immediately after they had left, Edward | ner of the Weston Nurseries, Hopkinton, Mass aps Hig: Sigatetcmer oe ys , 

| : This is rided under a stat- 

March 4.~March 31 | Mr. Thomas will discuss “The | Charron, building superintendent, put a crew | The stage also is set with great masses of acacia | ute aisha ani that soutien shall 

| Role of the Third Party in Amer- | urco ‘t on ms robe of 35 workers busy on removing the 1,486 a os “ue of Mr. and Mrs. Robert G. Stone {be treated as juvenile delin- 

PINEAPPLE ea Be tt ‘Ad program modera- | seats—plus hundreds of sections of the long, | wire Foste Mass. The show, to be opened by | cuents “except for offenses pun- 
or, Betty Adams. 

| : Mrs. Foster Furcolo at 1 p.m. tomorrow, will ” 
i Set on DPW Kickhacks? semen Senate cities (ance cay oP remueny Sal ba gy 
| : 4 fe e | orticultura all, just across Massachusetts even "ey 
ad Palen peg Rag nce cp ey e on 1¢ ily “ | rear. They had reached the halfway mark at | Avenue. Tickets cea pentarasen: one-half good poroatindt rages yh rogers sine ser 
> "ween “will oe ph “ies P $0 | 7 p.m., when the picture above was taken. for admission to each hall. From Wednesday ‘referred to the Newburyport 
At Y St Biel wstogty hs Governor Furcolo today con-,Mahoney were in complete Sections of rows of seats, called sticks, and through Saturday, March 11 to 14, the hours I Di trict C t for sentencing as 
our tore |) greet Garry sioore when he re- | firmed published reports that he | agreement with that policy, Our, made up of about 25 chairs, had been unbolted will be 10 a.m. to 11 p.m., and on the closing rs ie del; . as . . 
Pho joe — niyo ge ene rv ordered an investigation of re- penveatigation will continue in| from the ramps. Then, with the latter in sec- day, Sunday, March 15, 1 to 11 p.m. The move 3 dee ei ‘ oy eter er | 
or ne nl uties as host o cmt Siported “kickbacks” in the state | spite of the unfortunate news. tions, they had been stacked on rollers and of the Spring Flower Show to Horticultural and ved gore lage dues 
DE 2.1400 Pica eg GOP: 9 ewer f Department a Public Works to|leak that has now tipped off were ewered by a — elevator to the base- | Symphony Halls this year was made neces- alc ai al nd Phe ge co es ie 
¢ S 4 4 : , > ; . " 3) i , ’ , . . : ® 
| p.m, The program will originate Oo a p e “in : : et eee. 95 —-, Hye: ment, As they were lowered, the makings of a sary by the demolition of Mechanics Building. | ¥,..4y Serv ice Board. 
a aa edien D.C. eed! live from Hollywood. speciai statement, the : tty 


Governor called upon “any per- | 
son who has any information to 

: deed an elk Monee gend it in Yo Commissioner (An Entertainment Tinwsable for Boston sna Vicinity 

immedi- | 

: ‘atelv.” M . Fenway— ‘These Thousand Hills.” Don, Patricia Owens, 9:10. 12:15 20 Cc AMBRIDG b—Br ttle: “The Bi J + | MILTON—Milten; “Defiant Ones.” 
4 'D LIKE EXTRA MON ollowi : Music Murray a ei Sage 2: 5. | it—Bre he Bigamist,” | 
iF ou E T Lead EY | Following the published re- furray Richard Egan. Lee Remick : ” John Mil a ne Bs i 

Tomorrow } Patricia Owens 2:50. 6:15. 9:40. | + h 8. ; ung! jJoddess.” | NEEDHAM — Paramount: “Ine of the 
| port today, the Governor said | Gardner Mustum—Mineko Avery, piano,| “Circle.” John Mills, Roland Cuiver | Saxon— ‘South Pacific. Rossano Brazzi | : z ‘Line, persion fe aeons 7 Sixth Happiness. 
that “some months ago. on th Guy Hargrove, tenor. 2:45. 1:20. 4: 4s 8:10. | Mitzi Gaynor, John Kerr, 3, 8:30. | nega “Bell. Book and Candle,’ | NEWTON—Paramount: “House on the 
= g°, wt G ‘Sleeping Beauty.” 9:30. 11.30. | State—“Separate saties Rite Hay- 9:25. Sneak Preview. 8. | | Haunted Hill," “Cosmic Man. 
: oo basis of an anonymous tele- | Theater 30, 6:30, 9-30 worth, Deborah Kerr. David Niven. DORCHESTER Adams; “Bell, Book and | NORWOOD—Norwood: “Long, Hot Sum- 
‘ nf Ss : PO oct phone call that some people had Or hw ace Memerial “Anna Lucasta,” aan — 11:50, 1:50, 3:50, 5:50. | eee wd ; ‘Solid Gold Cadil llac |} mer,” “Three Faces of Eve 
THIS HIVE : : Seats | ° pay to get trucks on in the! nest,” by Repertory Boston, 8:30. oes . ae A seort, wear | rey a 30 8:30 Roots,’ 21:30, 1:30, 3:30. | hemeure eens Belew, “Darky 2 eae eed eed and Can- 
¢ puts our \ oy epartment of Public Works, 1] pp Wictor Mintures i'is" 2:45; 830, 850. |tenatlay reetes and ‘Taieves-” 0:50, | Sipe gg ose am she Haunted Mil.” | READING Mending: Me and the Cole 
is or ae “ay aaa gers DiNatale ums in Boston Kentpere— Happy is the Br ie.” Terry-| 12:50, 3:50, é: 50. 9:50. “‘Mitsou,” 11:10, | FRAMINGHAM are Prono “auntie | ae a is. 9:23. nehanted Island, 
: to look into it. Kamen .| Thomas, Joyce Grenfel 40, 3:40. | 2:16, 5:10, 8:10. “ 
a ¢@ “Shortly after that, I asked | “Paul cewman. Joanne viWoodwara a ea ee] "James Stewart, Book, end | Candie.” | HANCOCK VILLAGE—Hanceck: “Inn of | SOMERVILLE Capital: “Lot apa 
Sete eat . ‘ ! | Joan Collins, Jack Ca 9:40, 0, | a e m Novak. Jac m- the Sixth Happiness.” ‘Sia “From 
ee Ses . Commissioner DiNatale and | 1:40, 3:40, 5:40, 7:40, 9:40. Shorts, : 30 MaySewer — “Auntie 3:35. 6:18 a saling | eC. 30, 9:30. “Me and the | JAMAICA PLAIN—Ilamaieca: “Inn of the | | HS ssa — 
A LOT a pos : esc ote (Charles H.) Ma- | 11:30, 1:30, 3:30, 5:30, 7:30, 9:30. Metropolitan—"Stranger in My arn ms. | 11:30. ease re Coy Pen Be Beapeace iret ramen somerville jtorpedo ene Es 
eo rn oney, state commissioner of ad. | Beacon Hill—“Gigi,” Hee Caron, 9$.; June Allyson, Jeff Chandler. 9:40, 12:4 arth to Moon. boat, 
MORE HONEY : Sea ministration, to investigate, A |. 12°08 3:06. 3:10. 5:18. 1:20. 0:30. 3:48, 6:45, 9:50. “Mark of the Hawi.” | . . | LEXINGTON—t. — Le “Chesing the oe ee 
quiet investigation has been go Reston “Windjammer 0:55. 81 pis. 8 :* wan Bartha Kitt, 11:10, 2:15,! = Films in the Suburbs | MALDEN — Geonade: "Ghost of, ine WALTRAM — Embassy: “House on the 
- , 5:55 55 nort Sub- | sy age apitel: “Cosmic Man.”’ 1:30. China Sea.” 1:05. : “Beil Haunted Hill,” “Auntie Mame 
ing on, and it is unfortunate | Ss. 1:40 3:35, 5:30, 7:30, 9:30. | Orpheum—""The Journey,” Yul Brynner, 2:45. “House on the Beunted Hill.” | Book. and Candle,” 2:41, 6. 9:18. | WELLESLEY——Playhouse: “Inn of the 
proves this premature news leak | “Horse's Mouth,” Alee Guinness, | Sorshy srerr. 9:30, 14:85, 2:90. 4°45, fos oe Smee A 2S | ep oixth Happine 
| 05, 2, 3:55. 5:55. 9:55, Short Sub- ; . 7:10, 9:40. ARL INGTON —Capitel: “ oe sunted ' 2:59. | WE cE —N . 
may hurt the investigation. jects, 1:40, 3:35. $:30, 7:30, 9°30. | Paramount — “Biack Orchid.” Sophi ark senate saison sents °c epee en Pe ag A By TON ee en eee 
“Under orders from me. Com- | Center—“Garden i Eden.” 11:05 ee Se a Cabitven ye Bh Regent: ee Voyage of Sinbad.” | MATTAPAN Oriental: . Ren nee and | WINCHESTE ae piavea With ne Blitae 
/micsi : iN . ‘45, 7:30, 10:15, ‘La Parisienne,”” : » heap oh ‘ties co Shere Se eiaye . us | ee REE ‘She Played Wit =o 
roe riemggnos gong and Ma- 15. 8:1 weaite | Marlo, Luans Patten. “9:20, 12:05, 2:50. BROOKLINE” Cieveland Circle: “Old, MAYNARD—Fine Arts: “Rally Round WOBURN, — Strand: “Geisha Boy,” 
were to follow any and | gseter—“Pather Panchal!.” 2:20. 4:35. | Pil " iaiaer hn igs ey I ata Metron Wwebasdent 
E _ 20. oriae: “These Thousand Hills Don Ceotid sit me jeis me = 
be, leads no matter who might | 6:50. 9:05. News, 4. 4:15, 6:30, 8:45 | Murray. Richard Egan. Lee Remick neo Ce ee ee ha Fight for Life” ~~ "| WOLLASTON Wollaston: esa ast 
e involved. Any person found ' : i 
who paid to get equipment on, | . | 
Bet >| : : 8:30—-Our American Music. $:30—Strine Serenade. lwo - . 1:15—Score and Encores—Berwald: 
,or to get a Job, Was to be fired. | Music and iHeltiae tion .30-—Brandeis Presents. 10:05—Chamber Music | we RB-AM 1330ke; FM 102.5me |! Symphony in Flat; Delius: Koanga 
“The name of any person who 10:45—Backerounds re | Fantasy: Senerso: G mei: Little ge in B Fist; Mozart: Berenade 
SP Ast . : . -- : antas cherzo un ttie . . 
received any money as a kick- FM AM dl tng Mad Rey. bed WHRB-FM, 107.1me % nee; Chov Viores, de coy BBM gee ee, 
; — 20—New Englan oteboo!} ; : : ’ 
apa bcs = po gg ov - to 1° SR tl nn gia | 6:00—Light Classical Music. | oe Anvil Chorus; Bag WBZ-FM, 106. Tme_ 
y General, regardless 

Be >: National Emblem. : 
/-00-—Sports Parade. Pete Townley. 1:30—News. Sullivan: Gondoliers: Over- | 5°05—Hi Fi Matinee — & Paust 
of whom the person might be. WBUR-FM, 90.9me | Sbp tonic ot the ee bian 
“Commissioners DiNatale and 


ngewe ne = | re 

, . Wiens T Overture: Meyerbeer: e "Skaters: 
| 8:00—Music of the Baroque. ture; Tchaikovsky: Arabian Dance, Suridi: La Meiga: Kheehaturian: 
00—News Roundup. §:00—News; Classical Recordihgs. Ss ae Mediey, Paganini: Masquerade Suite; Debussy: 
«gt nl mouncup. | : :00—Greni Singers of the Century, $:00—-News. Anderson: Horse and for Orch. 
'30—Orehestral Dinner Music. [db-thetma monuet: ieee | Buggy; Wagner: Siegfried: Forest | °°05—Dinner Concert. 
l erman Report: Munich, M Sier: > | 7:00—Piano Pag i ir rage ale 
00—London Forum News Analysis. Murmurs, <radier: is | Paloma; in A Mat; oub ert: Improm 
30—Classical Miniatures , Vaughan nme Folk Song ; 90: Schu ; 

. , J o 
‘00—As I See It T ad Suite: Straus Acceleration | ie , umann: 
30—Music of the Ballet. wes ay . :: Ventre: Our United States: o 38. Brahms: Intermezzo 
00—Music of the People . e Golden Viclins; Weber: | 


, , GPM mepige, vom 30—Concert Favorites—Grieg: I ~ 

30—Marshal) Nanis presents contem- , ~ ane Hassan: Overture 
porary marches. WERS-FM, 88.9mc 9:00-——News: Curtain Time Melodies— Thee; St. Saens: Introduction: 


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ivi ; . 3:55—New Welsh Rhapsody; Kreisler: C 05—Symphony Hour ; 
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’ Dinner Daily 4: 30 to 7:30 | mary; “Panorama” including a report j 


00—Late News Koundup. | 2:02—News Almanac Singin’ in the Rain. Rondo 

oo. O6O ORR 


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5 | 10:15—Sign-Off. | 2:15—Matinee Musicale. 9:30—Showcase Beautiful Music—Cal- Vaughan - ‘Whitiams: “English Poik 
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++ 30—Moods in Music. WXHR-FM, 96.9mec | 3:00—Pop Concert. ily All Together—Fiedler; German: etd oo 

Py : hl Mga, =? a Dance Suite: Bartok: Roumanian 
; : , 4:55—News gart: Serenata Notturne: Fiotow: 
Sundays 11:30 to 7:30 WGBH-FM, 89.7me | on the news with John Daly at) §:59—Peminine Fancies. Seeeiaies* @eukeiaiar Mbeateenr mn. | Dances: Bartok: Portraits: The 

' ‘ ' T Distorted 
6:00—And Not Without Humor, | 7:00--Schumann: Etudes Symphoniques: | are > aa Hau. pron age” sy serpentine bok ic 05—New Releases and Record . 
6.15—Doctor Zhivago Mozart Trio in B fiat for Clarinet.; 2.55 <™S ings 

(Closed Saturdays) , 00—St 
” ' . —Starlight Serenade — 7: 
NAtional 8.0523 6:35—Russlan Interiuie + ggPiano and. Viol | $:90—Twiligne Serenade, 2.00-“Rews; Entertainment and Arts. | 11a a tvaea: Tebaikovsky: Paneaay 
EK T RAL “2 : be ep mee ll Lyons — | $:00—News and Weather; Hasda: Lord 7 :30—Music Hall —  jeal; Kalman: Gypsy Princ “eSS: < “The Tempest"; Lutosiawski: Little 

Guest Rooms Available 7.00—Backgrounds Neison Mass | 7:55—News . Would Like to Dance: Lumbye: Ce- Suite. 
A 7:15—Proscenium and Platform. Rus- 00—Dimensions tn Hi-Fidelity. ig: 00.-Let’s Talk T celia Waltz: Kreisier: Liebesfreud: WHRB-FM, nye: Ime 

1703 NEW YORK AVE. N. ¥ sian Education Conference at | 10:00-—News and Weather: A Concert By! 9:15 School of Musi Polka; Verdi: Aida: Celeste Aida:! 8 
. . We Northeastern University. the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra.) 9° ongy School of Music : . | Bach: Ach. Gott Von Himmel Sich 
WASHINGTON. D.C. leba ‘00—Quiney Howe and the News | 9:00-——-Warren Story Smith's Musical - . a er ef 

' ; rs. 
ones ak: Scrapbook Darein; Caballero: Gigantes y Cabe- | ! -30 p.m. v 
IN ASHINGTON 4 bec Rene Weather Sun-0f. ie:ahciiten Lhe ‘0g ten<:” Rerae | 1.30-—-Moseart: Les Petits Rens: De- 
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Afternoon at Symphony— bussy: Qvartet = G 
;. zs i : —_—* : ae : es >i Ch 
arreews. Saree Sarees. | §:00—New Recordings. chaikovsky String Serenade aconne or viclin aganini: 
Waener 10—Jazz Entr 

‘ i ‘ 9 & 11:00—-Sign Of. . Tartini: Concerto No, 58 . 30—Verdi: Requie 
'CRB-AM, 1330ke; FM, 102.5me_ . i D'Indy: Istar Variations; 30--Hande]: Flute ‘Sonate Op. 1, Be {; 
CHRYSLER ‘00-~—-News: Sandi aes Serenade, WGBH-FM,. 89.7mec Siens: Piano Concerto No. 2; Honneger: Symphony No, 5; V itall: 

. | 7:00—News. Stereo Parade 
ASSOCIATION OF WAS SHIN GTON LITHOGRAPH US pbb s 6:00-—R F Hummel; Piano Concerto in A mi- Violin Pieces, 
/ 11:00—News: Connoissuers’ Concert. ‘00-——Report From the Netherlands nor: Liszt: Psalm XII; Haydn (?):/| 5:00-——News, Sportalite 
COMPAN Y PLYMOU | HH : 6:15 Music for Middiebrows. Plute Concerto in D: Sibelius: Sym- 

WBCN-FM, 104.1me Overture and bn ga MB nano hony No, 2 in D: Wagner: Flying "00-—Light Classical Music. 

(Tannhauser), W rance . :00—Sports ade, Townle 
IMPERIA re: ectiia’ Musee Cone R fh ae _ into Valhalla (Das | §:00 aaa Seuteubens C Concert-—Boyee: | 7: 15 Jazz Workshop sires ss 
L | 9:00—Carlyle Morgan Comments. e- eingold) : ; : ine 
| "peated at 11 p.m. | 6:45—Louis M. Lyons New Symphony No. 1; Massenet. Phedre: | $:00—Great Chamber Music 

| Overture; Dvorak: Slavonic Dance | 9:00-—News. Bach: Symphony No, 23 
| snk ine Printing = MORE VALUE FROM 7:10—Weather 1:00——Poetry ‘in Perspective. The Func- No. 4; Frescobaidi: Toccata, Jarne- Chopin: Piano Sonate No. 3. 

1:15—New Releases ao a the yy Frances Min- | ' felt: Praeludium: Lumbye: Railway | 10:00—Beethoven: Violin Concerto in BD 
8:00—Boston Symphony Orchestra—Re- | ~~ : Sco a eeeribes the poet's | Galop; Tchaikovsky: Chanson major;  Buxtehude: Passacaglias 
we er. nc. Job with reference to her own work. | 
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me WASHINGTON, dD. C. 8:05—The Symphony Hour |11:30—New England Notebook, te a RR =i: 4 sae moe 
epee nna Hi Se Ug NETL ERISA TRO A ANIA CEG 11:35—New Recordings Symphony No. 1 in A . 

, Rr. | 11:00-. News Connoisseurs Concert 
WBUR FM, 90.9me Becthoven: Quartet No 8&8. Op. 589, | & 
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G 3 U sky: Capriccio Italien: Rimskyr- | Op. 89, No, 3: Beethoven: Quartet org qq nm 

Korsakof: Fairy Tale; Shostako- | No. 10, Op, 74 
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Art—Music—Theater — 


ee RA ee oe 


_ Se 

MARCH 959 | 


Glenn Gould’s Recital i in Symphony Hall a by Coleman 

Pianist Wins Acclaim hi. His Superlative Playing 

By Harold Rogers 

So much has been written 
about Glenn Gould’s eccentrici- 
ties that there is little need to 
rehearse them at this point. Thes 
appeared, hawever—during his 
recital vesterday afternoon in 
Symphony Hall—to be unculti- 
wated and sincere manifestations 
of an extremely sensitive and 
intense musical personality. 

Yet there is one eccentricity 
that this gifted young pianist 
should do everything in his 
power to suppress. 
chant for humming nearly every 
minute that he plavs, This fault 
is inconsistent with the superla- 
tive standard he has set for him- 
self. One might say that he 
stands alone—at his age—in his 
ability to listen to his own play- 
ing with a concentration so com- 
plete that it rules out all thought 
of anything else. It is this focus 
of attention that brings forth 
tones of manifold colors, singing 
meélodies, and an 
mterweaving of inner voices, 

4 4 4 

Ts it not inconsistent that 
while weaving this tapestry 
exquisite sound he should add 
the distracting factor of his own 
nonmusical, raucous, often-off- 
key voice? Though at times his 
singing turns up in his record- 
ings,-by and large he is able to 

control it while before a micro-' 

hone. Would not this same con- 
ol be worthwhile on the con- 
cert platform? 
Aside from this major reserva- 

- fe. eee. 

It is his pen- | 

of | 




area j 

his own 

what is left but praise 
his playing vesterday” 

True, one 
have felt that he took the 
e movement of Beethoven's 
110 more slowly and more 
than do other pi- 
but tempos are never 
ite. There is always a safe 
n which an artist can find 
way without doing the 

composer wrong 

the filligree 





Gould can do 

piv al 


' e\ ry 


; ways S 




SSIOn ©) 

must certainly 


speak of 
rippied from 
is fingers in the three 
from “My Lady Nevells 
by William Byrd, with 
he opened, His Bach. 
in the Partita No. 8, was 
that nll \ 
lans cannot learn what M1 
He sim- 

Ivy take 



} 4, 

cad nearly oung 
with east 
lows the 
t hi 

music Hos - 

mind, his 




ps WI! cannot resis 
physically in 
that are unusual and 
limes surprising. But the 
are what eount. Most 
musicians cannot lose 
elves, They are conscious 
ir technique, their audi- 
themselves, And the man 

who is conscious of anything but 

the m 
to the 






usic has robbed the music 
same degree. 

Gould's eoncentration of 
was evident again and 
in the way his climaxes 
one might say, from 


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Ernie Kovacs 
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Dr. Floyd Zulli, Jr. 
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age Weather 
10—Today—5 minute 
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at 7:25, 8:25, 9:25. 
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a compte 
John Daly, 
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; mental melodramatics which are 

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The Edge of Night 
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The Lone Gun 


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4. 10—George Gobel 

~e et ee ee 

OS ROS re HOT Oo ae 
- SO -3 «5 ~) 3 

Co BH UP Ge WAS BD AG NS ee et ee = 1 8 BB © 


Reports | 

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2—Science in Sight 

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7. 12—To Tell the Truth 
§9—(sreat Decisions of "59 
2—2 Centuries of Sym- | 
phony, G. W. Woodworth | 
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12—Arthur Godfrey 
“arand Canyon 
-Community of 
4, 10--Bob Cummings 
5-——Naked Ci 
7, 12—-Red Skelton Show 
2—~Your Income Tax 
4,10—The Californians 


Moore Show 
ons of ‘59 

— saperniinmanentatpimcibiliaine 

er and Sports 
10, 12—-News 

within, Their power was not laid 
on from the outside; it appeared 
to be self-generating—especially 
in the closing fugue of the Bee- 
thoven Opus 110. This same su- 
perh logic was again évident in 
the two intermeézzi by Brahms— 
C sharp minor, Op. 117, No. 8, 
and A major, Op. 118, No. 2. 

He feariessly closed his un- 
usual program with Hinedmith’s 
sonata No. 3 (1936). thus doing 
what few other pianists, young 
or old, are willing to do, Con- 
temporary works, if included at 
all, are usually placed some- 

OE ene ome 

where in the middle of the pro- 
grain, and at the conclusion a 
war horse by Liszt races toward 
the double bar, 
the way. 

But Mi 
moderns with the same kind of 
grace with which Rbbinstein and 
/Maleuzynski play Chopin,y (One 
,has only to listen to his recent |! 
recording of Kienek, Berg, and | 
Schonberg to see what 

(7Ould can 

ithe Hinedmith was equal to what 
most pianists do vig Liszt, 
a is a dazzling tour de force 


play our 

I mean,) || 
And what he did yesterday with | ¢ 



*. ¥ 
breathing fire all | % 

‘Journey at the Orpheum 4 

production of 

John Beaufort 

of the Austrian 
the passengers is 
(Jason Robards. 
man who is 
Lady Diana 
Kerr), 2a 

Considering its 
Anatole Litvak’s 
a George Tabori script—‘‘The 
Journey” is a disappointment. 
Qne does not ask that a movie 
thriller about an escape fulfill 
the higher demands of serious 
drama. But so tragic a historic 
event as the-Hungarian uprising 
of 1956 déserves something more 
maturely searching than senti- 

Ho?! der 

Jr.), @ mystery 

obviously ill, and 
Asmmeore (Deborah 
beautiful Englishe 

whose efforts to 
about him merely inten- 
of the 

others. Eventually, 
out that “Flemyne” 
Hungarian freedom fighter who 
has been delivered from prison 
and torture to make his escape 
with a false identity 
ish passport 

By this time, the 
sengers being inexplicably 
detained a border town by 
Major surov (Yul Brynner), the 
local commandant. Surov’s ve- 
nement efforts to discover the 



is & 
the principal topic 
Hew color filrm 
Orpheum |, 
The basic 
missible enough 
Hotel” cross-section 
tional types are 
a bus when the 
air traffic, and s« 
bloody Budapest 

of M-G-M’s 

lnow at the 



are ad- 
of interna- 
herded aboard 
Russians halt 
t traveling from 
to the safety 

uneasy pas- 

“Erwin D. Canham 
The icesteiieen Bebones Monitor 

and the News’ , 

Sunday 10:00 p.m. 
over WXHR-FM 
and 11:30 p.m. WEZE 
Dy Ss. T. 
> NETWORK eumenesmsened 

Radio Neves, Weather, Suerte 
V'EEI ~—News: 7 a.m., 7:30, 8, 8:15, 8:30, 10, 11, 12 
3. 4, 5. 6 7:30, 8, 9, 10, 11. 
Weather: 6:55 a.m., 7:55, 8:25, 6:30 p.m., 
Sports: 8:25 a.m.. 6:15, P.m., 6:5: I: 10. 
WTAO —News: 7:25 a.m., : 
11:55, 12:25 .m., | 
Sports: 7:40 a.m. 
WHDH—News on half hour and 7 a.m., 8, 
Weather: 7:35. 12:55, 6:25, 11:05. 
Sports: 7:40 a.m., 5:55, 6:10, 6:35. 
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—News: On the hour and 
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WEZE —News: 7 a.m., 7:30. 8, 10, 
« o 
WEE. 590ke: CBS: FM, 103.8me > WNAC, 680ke: MBS; FM, 98.5mec 

0)—— Néews 6°15 Radi Al Rac 
ifb—Pred Cusick: sporte | 7: 0}—Fulton Lewis. Jt 
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45—Lovwe!] Thomas ;-30--Radiant Radio 
00—Business News Jackson 65—The World Today | : 
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‘Th, uw’ ’ tat tw IN 

00-—The World Tonigt ve Ma nar ci Show 

Bu : 



noon, 6. 11 


7:10, 8:10, 1:10, 6:10, 


55. 5:55 
WBZ 8:30 a.m., 5:50, 6:30. 

” *” 
3..B. 8. 

4. 5. 8. 9. 

Ea, Ae, 12:2 


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20— WEE! Mystery Theate: 
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0h. News. Weather 

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15—Jerry Howard Shoe 


Rey ~~. 
tek ‘< ai 
Thirl— Mildred Aibert 

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9:30—Newsmakerg ‘89 
10 :00~—-News 
19 t5—.Davre Marnard Sh: 
11:30—Musie "Til Dawn 
WEZE, 1260ke: NBC 
4-65 to 6:45-——CGieorfe Cariin Shor 
645—Roman Catholic Program 
7:00—News and Sport« 
ib—Three Star Extra 
%—Morgan Beatty: Nets 
| §:05—Groucho Marx Show 
% & 20~—-Nightiline 
0 04——-Meet the Press 
10:35—Charies Bennet! 
1 31°05-6 @.m.—Spdeed Anderson Show 


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1h—Oiidoer Bports Cal O'Brien 
15—Jerry Howard Show 

WTAO., 740ke; 

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(00 Peter and Mary 
10—Ken Wayne Show 
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WHDH, &850ke: FM. 
‘05—-Ray Dorey; Jess Cain 

pe nt DS OS OD OD 3 3-3. 1 BARD 

ww Cee .1.oe 

740ke; ABC 

»~ . 'e 
5 45.—S5ign 

WHDH, 850ke: FM, 94.5me 

00—John Day: Newe 
16—Curt Gowdy: Sports 

35—Roston Ballroom 
60—Hank Forhbe« Show 
00—Close Up: Decisions 
36—Cloud Club 

00——News,. Weather. Sporte 
35—Sounds in the Night 




——OO- OA OD 

i0—Hank Forbes Shoe 
00—Boston Ralliroom 
06 ~—Jol in Day 

15—Sounds in the Night 

NAC, 680ke; MBS: FM, 98.5mc 

15 a.m.—-Radiant Radio 
145—Louise Morgan Show 
05--Dunean Macdonald 

10 to T-—Radiant Radio 
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05—The World Today 

45 to midnight—Radiant Radic 

WBZ, 1030ke 

66 to 16—Car!l de Suze Show 
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OO to & Norm Preseott Show 
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1¢ Line~—Dick Tucker 
ion Whirl Mildred Aivert 
the “IN” car & 
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OP Ge ~3 ~3 «2 




~meao oo ewe Sowr-'-36 

Harriman Renort 

lian Jackson 


me Gece go" «2 2-3 DH 
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KwVOCOS Ven -i 


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eS ad FIBA S WW ic BW SS + +) 


12:35—N.E.. Parm-Pood 

OO Oe i ee ey 

ee ee 

Dialer’s Guide: Tonight 

6:00—Dateline Boston: William J. Bird, Greater Boston Cham- 
ber of Commerce, and gsts. discuss civic problem—Ch. 5, 

§:45--Backgrounds—C h, 2; WGRBH-FM, 7 p.m. 

1:00—Congressional Clinic: Analysis of the &86th Congress: 

ae discussion, with Dr. Harold Lasswell, Vale Law 

7:30—The Greatest Show on Earth: live—Ch. 5. 9, 10, 
8:00——Invitation to Art: The Dance: live from Museum of Fine 
Arts—Ch. 2, 
8:00-——As I See It: guest, Lt. Gey. Murphy—W BU Rh-FM., 
8:30-——-Bold Journey: Romain Wilhelmsen narrates his adven- 
tures with Sergio Camilech hg Mexico, finding cache of 
ancient Spanish armor—~(Ch, 
9:00——The Fine Arts Quartet plays Mabiknth. 2. 
9:30—Man of His House; western a, mere Brandon de 
na a ~~ come gr hers earth 
00—Voice ne: Americana; aie ‘Jo Stafford, Paul 
fe PONTE caw , mage nr tp oe 
ewsmakers, guest panel interviews Senator Philip 
Graham, legislative spokesman, Massachusetts Citizens’ 
10:00 eines aeons, Hunts Uranium—Ch. 

z Show: Lucy Hun raniu h 
10:05-—-Meet the Press: Secretary Neil H. Mokwey-Wken. 
11:45-——The German Report: Munich—Portralt of a German 

City; narrated and produced by German-born Horst G. 
1: 05-—Mrs, Charles FE. Wyzanski, Jr... ge terme sa, Youth Aliyah, 
New England Region of Hadassah, of 
'. eulng chil 
can MacDo 

and a Brit-— 

i meant 
i} ifice 



Appear | 

sify the curiosity and suspicions || 
it i] 

Portrait of Donald Rerry. 
tion at the Swetzoff Gallery. 

od need 

ae! water 
ft} leries 
=: {‘nlefnan hase 

; | New 

me Afie: 
oe teaching 
| seen 
| Artist: 
=| been 
si medals 

mae COMrs 

- i views 

| ihe 
i bury. 
ivVieéws Ww 
|houetted gracefully 
i Sky. 

oll by Bradley Phillips, on éxhibi- 

truth behind the evasive silences 
of his guests is at last rewarded 

When Lady Diana explains sim-/' 

piv; “They 
ing Major's 

hate you.” 
zeal for 
about himself 
country Vis-a-vis the rest of the 
world soon transformed into 
a determination to subdue Lady 
Diana. The of the com- 
pany become anxious pawns in 
this nonmilitary maneuver 
Even when Surov’s suspicions 
regarding Flemyng are fully 
confirmed, he continues to play 

The dash- 
and his 



\a cat-and-mouse game with the 

high-+-born British lady. The 
other detainees react to the 
ation in varying wavs and with 
varying degre e of courage. The 
prevailing sentiment i ulti- 
mately expressed by a pregnant 
American mother of two who 
bluntly demands that Lady 
Diana gratify Surov to enable as 
many of the others as possible 
to resume their journey 
Notwithstanding Mi 
partial success at depicting Su- 
rov as a complex Ruseki torn 
by inner conflicts—and notwith- 
tanding Mr. Brynner 
play the galloping 
“The Journ 
fo posturing 
fashioned ciic 
vinded film ends 
to be a note of noble 
But the script has ai- 
sacrificed a good deal of 


Tabol is 

Maio tr 
eRe. ly Tinian ic 

1% tr 


drama to the cause of soap opera 
romance. As for the undertying 
issues, they were largely aban- 

.doned in Budapest 

i possibilivies 

| ert 
| cClous 

ivarious others of a highly 
mopolitan cast 


iwill include 

{ yy), 


' Besten Athenaeum, 
| Gena ef 

Tnstitate of Contemporary Art, 


the severely limited 
“The Journey” is 
acted by the 
stats and by a stp- 
porting cast which sessegeneie « Rob- 
Morley as a pompous 

tritish broadcaster, 
and Anne Jackson 
an American couple. 
nar a provincial 
hotelier who must smile on both 



sides of his Boniface. David Kos- | 
and | 
COS | 

soff as a Jewish professor, 

ant Oey oat ee en er 

Prices for Repertory 

Students will be able to 
a‘ivantage of approximately 25 
yor cent Savings on tickets at all 
ranges for Repertors 
on'’s attractions*at the Wilbur. 

From Monday through 
day evenings, student 
will be priced from 

$° 50, 


matinees, seats will 
available from 90 cents 

Mt. Auburn 
36, Mass. Phone 

contact Repertory. 
Street, Cambridge, 
UN 4-8770, 

Quartetto ltaliano 

The Quartetto [taliano will 
play at Jordan Hall Sunday aft- 
ernoon, March 15, in the Boston 
Celebrity Series. Their program 
Scariatti’s Sonata a 
in D minor: Boccher- 
Quartet in G major, Op, 44, 
4: Schumann's in A maior, 
4). No. 3: and 
D major, Op. 18, 

Ne ete eee 

(-utberg Sisters to Play 
Ingrida and Karina Gutbergs, 
Latvian duo-pianists, will play 



No, 3. 

in the Baltic Concert Series Fri-. 
day evening, March 13, at 8:30, ; 
be | 
presented by the Baltic Ameri-| 

in Jordan Hall. They will 

can Society of New England. 

a ene 

Art E chibitions 

1O0'—e Reacon Kireet— 
Drawinas by Jacek yon Henneberg. 
Rosten Artists, 162 Newbury 
Street--Memorial Exhibition of. Por- 
traits br Frederick Wallace 
Throtigh March 21 

enwayv — Selections, 
Merch 22 
Kanegis Gallery, 
Bcuipture bh 


(silver! Prankiin 

Museum of Fine Arts, Nuntington Arenue 

~—(ardion Exhibition of «Phrv@ian Ari 
Throveh April 15 

Nova Gallery. %% Stanhepe Street 
Paintings Ly Wilired Cretean and Mo- 
biles by¥ Bhigen 

Spiral Associates Gallere 
Street..Paintines by 

Swetsoff re by Bi 
Paintings by Bre 


Vore nailed: 5O® Bevisten Btreet—10th 
Century American Artiste, 

Art Outside Boston 


M Cha 
Halie Telumaee 


dievy Phillips. Through 

Cambridge, Mass.— Cambridge Art As- | 

sociation: Drawings and Prints at 18 
mes Street, nes 

hivitions throug "Maret es 
Art Sboonse, Barvar Universtiy: | 
aie ent Collec 

Gropper Art G auatles: Tour i American | 

Printmakers. — 

Pieheerg, Maas.—-Fitehbure Art 
gy 3 


oy Marth 

a Museu 
ting ny gee Drew. 
a ith Coiege: 

is Hokusai. 
y rTnteaah 

charac | 
and even good melo- | 

off. | 
°F G. | 
AS } 
Kurt Kasz-} 
Hungarian | 

take | 

Bos- | 

Thurs- | 
tickets | 
to | 
On Wednesday and Satur- | 
be | 
to $2.25. | 

Any school desiring to extend | 
this savings to its student body | 
102 } 

Beethoven's | 

730 The | 
Through | 

i238 Newbury Street— | 

s and Roulpsure 
useum, Bot 

Mu. | 
= i 9 ae from the Willttem | 

Re ne RE em ~~ = awe 

Italian Fare ‘e at Brattle | 

DeSica has 

«i « 

the Italian 

a fé@w 
film (with 
“The figamist.” at 

He struts grandly 
courtroom condescends 
of an 
trying, checks 
Is prosecuting 
launches « 

choice moments 
lawyer in 
the Brattle. 
into a 
to inquire 
he is 
if he 
ing. then 

side what case 

again to see 
ith peacock 
Vanits into gorgeousls over~ 
blown bursts of rhet 
anteed tf ecure 
and, happily, a 

Yet it is 
aspect of a stor 
large cast with 


ric, guar- 
a chent the 

Here a 


tiv <r] 
UcCCes one, 

the least wweoraterct 
played by a 
arms flailing. at 
the top of their voices: and the 
and the rest of the hyperbole- 
prone actors come off less for- 
tunately than Mr: DeSica. a 
veteran of econd-rate parts, 
who has practically made a pro- 
fession of turning dross into gold 
as a workada’ then 
spending it has 
wanted to direct 

This particular 
which Mr. DeSiva 

subordinate role. 

films he 
for himself, 



pothoatt ! 


rhs ni 
Toothpaste man ace- 
of. having married and 
deserted a girl in northern Ital, 
during the war. before becoming 


Youn male 


a husband and a father in Rome. | 
ek- | 
pinpricks | 

The joke 


has its 
when a 


i painter's talent ie manifest. 


SACK Theatres NOW 





co 7-9030 

from 9:30 A.M 


ALSO SHERRY fit wi?) eaarib sf. lar 



7 al 


128 Newbury Street— | oy 

ur Say hi. TA TCT + | 
f Beet BOOK end CANDLE 3 
pt frortenrlat 

June Aliyson Jet Chandler 
plus! “Mark ot the Hawk” 


g Work of New Englander 

Shown at Shore Galleries 

By Dorothy Adlow 
is show. 
paintings ‘and 
the Shore Cral- 
March 21. M) 
made a mark both 
and as teacher in 

Loring W. Coleman 
ing recent oil 
colores at 


an eroded water pipe, or &@ 
kitchen view which might serve 
‘as a scene in a Faulkner novel, 
‘The Warmth of Memory’ is 

an oil painting, really a closeup 
portrait of a rusted parlor stove 
i that seems to have fascinated 
Mr. Coleman, Nearby ts a time- 
worn eoal scuttle. and the floor 

covered with debris. 
Here an artist who studied 
in the genteel! tradition of Bos. 
tonian painters like H. Dudley 
Murphy and Charles Curtis Al-! 
lien. But he moves from the’! 
drawing room with ite furnishe | 
ings of Chippendale and chinoi- 
ceric, into the kitchen, exchang- 
ing luxury for outworn 
objects of wtilits 
Yet Myr Colen 
three peculiar powers with 
which an artiet can be invested, 
confers monumentalitv, a quiet 
grandeur upon his outmoded pice 
torial props. Through sheer ex- 
cellence of textural design, and 
facet of thie | With the help of beautiful color 
They | sequences he converts the 
generally, | desiccated and discarded ints 
views ai something engaging and even 
in an old house, | exouc 
shingled wa u, with Andrew 
sicaahimit . . Of thing. 


as painter 

He in Boston 


manner of 
Hits works have heen 
the Guild of Boston 
and frequentiv he has 
the reeipient of prix 
and honorable mentions 
He captured the popular prize in 
the Boston Arte Festival of 1955 

The oils at the Shoré Gallerie: 
differ markedly from the water 
fhe latter are the moet 
abiv painted 
of rural 
vicinity of 

at if 

fey mooth 
chusetts tn 
{ one ord and Sud- 
Phere areziand: with 
and barnes. scene 

ith great 


Massa an 


bare trees 


In the another 

are not panoramic; 
they are closeup 
weathered doo! 


Wyeth does this sort 
and there are a few 
among contemporaries) 
have this peculiar interest 
powey of artistic transfor- 


of satire 
pous pets 
not believe 

are nudged into pom- 
bureaucrats who cane 
that reeords are ever 

, A 4, 
Oils by Halle Johnson 

Paintings produced in the 
past half dozen vears by Halle 
Johnson are on view at the 
Spiral Associates Gallery, 
Charles Street Followed 
chronological sequence, these 
oll paintings show an interest- 
ing trend onthe part of Mrs, 
Johnson, whose painting talents 
have evolved ontiv after a few 
veurse of training, 

The earlier itéms consist 
subjects such as “Sea Forms,” 
patterns of color compactiv 
meshed, At the early stage, there 
lis an obvious abstract basis of 


With passing vears, Mrs. 
ison is working 
free, and less 
The inclination 
bodied in 
which in aR 
living identities.. 
is toward 
toward a 

even five 
have not 



able to give 
long to the old 
taken identity. 
fails, slapstick 

violent takes er, 
has an impression that 
last half of the picture was 
h ini a cramped closet, full of 
belligerent md friends 
of the That this kind 
of jostling not quite suffi- 
cient the needs of eomedy 
is pro. daily on subways. 




VA if 
ind Or’ 



Two er. of 



toward open, 
specifiC themes. 
is toward an 

expression eme 
great round shapes, 
or radiating. forms 
vague way suggest 
The tendency 
something elemental, 
concentrate of ener- 
gies flung across the canvas in 
large statements. Color heightens 
the dramatics of effect, the grand 
gesture, One of her more recent 
paintings is entitled “Prome- 
| theus,” a title which is only 
Be renters connected with the 
‘elemental masses of color of 
primev al connotation. 

a eae re ee - 

‘Compulsion’ Plans 

Richard D, Zanuck, son. of! 
Darry! F. Zanuck and producer | 
of “Compulsion.” based on 
Mever Letin’s novel of the Leo- 
pold-Loeb murder case. will visit 
Boston Wednesday, March 19 for 
a press reception. 

Produced by Twentieth Cen- 
turv-Fox and scheduled to open 
the latter part of April at the 
Gany. “Compulsion,” stare Orson 
Welles. who portray Ss the role ef 
Clarence Darrow, Diane Varsi, 
Dean Stockwell, and Bradford 

ee ee ee 

Entertainment Timetable on 
Page 6. 





we R 

_ On: 



Tuesday 1-11 PM «+ Daily 10 AM-11PM «+ Sunday 1-11 PM 




yp ho 

Of S Spung 




Fame Herald. Record, 
‘The Christian Science Monitér, 
raveler, American 

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“EXCITING es ~Filiot Nortee 
“EXCELLENT !" — sia Maloney 

Melon Maddoc nasil 

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six characters in 
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‘ * 



Auroral Display Launched IGY 

Space Fireworks Studied 

By Robert C. Cowen 


Presidential Jets * — 
| Readied by Boeing — 

By the Associated Press 

Renton, Wash. | additional galley, cloak room, 

The first jet airplane destined | and lavatory. 
for President Eisenhower’s use| The V€-137 furnishings are 
ie kit ta eavebe’t dad on the plain side. The covering 
apparently _ over the soundproofed walls, for 
grees less plush than the Col-| example, is in the same attrac- 
umbine Ill, Mr. Eisenhower’s| tive but not plush pattern and 
present plane. _ |'material that had previously 
The five-million-dollar jet, a been ordered for the 707s of 

tabs “on aurorae around the | Like the synoptic charts of the 
Natural Sctence Editor of | world, In 17 of these countries, | weatherman, these will give a 

The Christian Science Monitor 142 camera and instrumental | bréad picture of auroral effects 
July 1, 1957, dawned with a’ stations were in action as well | over a large area and show how 

‘kaleidoscopic burst of light that | ‘these changed with time. 

iE el OI Se, RA HH: 

went scientists scurrying to their | . Auroral scientists hope that all 
‘posts the world over. . these IGY data will enable them 
' It was the opening day of the | /to pin down the hitherto illusive 
International Geophysical Year. ‘relationship between the sun 
And for specialists studying the ‘and the earth's high atmos- 
morthern (and southérn) lights as numerous amateur visual ob-/ pheric displays. 

it was launched with an out-j; serving posts. | ; - 
burst of activity. cane Baten Solar Flare Considered 

of Earth 
and Sky 

have auroral 

This proved to be a good omen 
for when the IGY ended last 
Dec, 31 these observers realized 
they had been through an un- 
precedented period of auroral 
‘activity. Even more important, 
they had been in an unprece- 
dented position to make the 
most of it. 

Observer's in 49 countries kept 

a aS A Pm eon 

Fine Apparel 


scientists been so well equipped | 

to study their subject on a global 
scale. The solar eruptions that 
cause the lights responded hand- 

‘Spectacular’ Presented 
In addition to the opening dis- 

' play and many other strong out- 
| breaks during the IGY, the sun- 

aurora team put on an all-time 

| “spectacular” Feb. 10-11, 1958. 

At that time, night skies were 
lighted over many thousands of 
square miles in polar and mid- 
dle latitudes. Radios blacked out. 
Strong magnetic disturbances 
aeveloped. And unusually strong 
electric currents coursed be- 
neath the land and through the 


For example, the spectacular 
aurora that ushered in the IGY 
is believed to be directly re- 
lated to a solar flare observed 
June 28 by Soviet astronomers. 
But, according to Norman J. 
Oliver, an American IGY official 
in the auroral field, the northern 
lights can’t always be forecast 

-on the basis of solar phenomena. 

The IGY studies should help 
clear up this problem. 

On the other hand, Mr. Oliver 
points out that the aurora is the 
visual effect of electrons 
and protons raining in upon the 
atmosphere from the sun. There 

seems little doubt that the color- | a 
ful northern and southern lights |} 

are caused by such solar parti- 

cousin of the commercial jets 
now coming into passenger serv- 
ice, is well along on the as- 

plane Company plant 

suburb of Seattle. 
Designated the VC-137, the 

600-mile-an-hour plane is to be 

in this 

| Transport Service in April. Two 
other planes of the, same type, 
'due to come off the line in May 
‘and June, will be at the dis- 
|posal of Mr. Eisenhower, Vice- 
|President Richard M. Nixon, 

|and other top government offi-, 

| Cials. 
| After several 
‘training flights 



probably will be ready for trans- | 

;continental and _ transoceanic 

commercial airlines. 
Mr. Eisenhower’s pilot, Col. 

\ | William G. Draper, and mem-” 
sembly line at the Boeing Air-' ' 

bers of the Columbine crew al- 
ready have been checked out in 
the Boeing B-52 jet bomber as 
part of their preliminary train- 

|ing for the VC-137s. 
Malivered to the Military Air| hive none arch cE tae ee 

have gone through a jet trans- 
port course at Castle Air Force 
Base, Merced, Calif. 

Once Colonel Draper and his 
crew have transferred to the 
VC-137, they probably will have 
to quit flying the Columbine or 
other propeller-driven trans- 
ports. For safety reasons, the 

| Pentagon frowns in general on 

piston-engine flying for trans- 
port pilots who have become 


As a stream of these electri- 
fied particles sweeps outward 
‘into space from the sun,. the 
‘earth traveling in its orbit may 
swing through their path. En- 
veloped by the stream, the earth 

accustomed to operating. jets. 
The VC-137 will cut presiden- 

tial flying time from Washing- 

ton to California from the cure 


As one indication of these cur- | 
rents, an IGY official reported 
that a voltage difference of 2,- 
650 volts developed along the 
trans-Atlantic telephone cable. 
cae dlitttios aint felt simi=' undergoes magnetic storms and 
| Much of the data on this and |A470TS© SPPear. 

| eo flights in the summer and au-| 
"eg | tumn. 
| The propeller-driven 350-'| 
mile-an-hour Columbine III) 
Super Constellation will remain; rent 8% hours to about five 
in service for shorter missions. | hours. London and Paris will be 

Reporters visiting the Boeing | only about six hours away. 
plant here saw the shiny silver | 
VC-137 om the assembly line! 
but were not permitted to in- | 
i spect its interior. However, they | 
_got a briefing from company | 
officials and examined plans of | 
the craft. 

The President’s new plane 
closely resembles the big 707 | 
commercial jet~transports and | 
the Air Force KC-135 tankers | 
| that stemmed from the 707 de- | 
| velopment program. 

For economy reasons, the three | 
VC-137s will be identical. 

They will have advanced | 

Associated Press Wirephoto x 

AUTO OUTING: Secretary of State John was the second time Secretary Dulles had been 
Foster Dulles and his wife as they left Walter out of the hospital since he entered it for 
Reed Army Hospital March 8 for a ride. This {| special treatment on Feb. 10. 

918 4th Ave. 



Suburban Clothiers 

Huntington, W. Va. 

the limelight—in a position that| 
might threaten the senator’s own | 
political future. Observers here} 
ifelt that four years ago —)| 
\when Senator Humphrey was 
| Mr. Stevenson’s chief booster— 
the would have jumped at this 
‘opportunity to forward any boom 

All Types of 

and every item in the 

re ne eee 

with a plan for curbing juve- 
nile delinquency — using the 
old Civilian Conservation Corps 
plan for occupying the time of 
the youths. 

pening as he showed him-|for Mr. Stevenson. 
se ere, Senator Humphrey has | p>: 
all sorts of plans which could |firm Stand Demanded lradio-telephone equipment en-| 
lead to administrative decisive-| Senator Humphrey concen-jabling the President and key 
ness if he should :become | trated on the world’s problems, | officials tb remain in touch with ' 
ge pi ge oe “mig ged using his trip to the Soviet Union | Washington from any part of the | 
“the doer” is definitely on dis-/as a reference point for speaking | world. 
play. ; ,authoritatively,~His impression,| The presidential compartment | SCKOHnnnr 

The thing, of course, that/he said, was that Premier! will be far forward in the new | The best 
makes him so believable is that; Khrushchev ‘-was dangerously | plane. In this respect, it differs | ae eae 
this has always been his role, if | overconfident as a result of So-| from the Columbine and other | beauty treatment 
not quite so greatly dramatized. | viet achievements in the missile| executive transports that have | : G 
This fast-talking, brilliant young | and rocket fields and that this! the main lounge aft. | C a af 

pring at 
(all head sies) 

Fine Selection of 
Npring Merchandise 
for Men, Boys 

Barrington Shopping Center 
CH 5-5672 

world of sports for that 

ae | 
summer vacation is ob- | 

tainable at 


948 Third Avenue 

Minnesotan has always moved |overconfidence was proving con-| The “President’s Room” will | 
fast and with purpose. Now he’s | tagious. contain comfortable seats for 
projecting these qualities into| The United States and its al-|four, and two day-bed-type | 
the global scene with particular | lies must stand firm in Berlin | lounges. There wil] be no berths. | 
intensity, | and “must not bargain away | The big jets cover long distances | 
And while he doesn’t look a/either the rights of the West|so quickly that sleeping accom- | 
bit’ contrived, it must be said!Berliners nor the rights of the| modations are not a major con- | 
that he does look very much like! people of West Germany,” hej} cern. 
aman running very hard for the | said. However, “being firm does} Just back of the cockpit and | 
presidency. not mean you do not negotiate,”| crew area will be a galley, a) 
he declared. | lavatory, and a roomy compart- | 
Senator Humphrey said that} ment with eight seats. Then will | 

Phone JA 2-0011 

House of Hats 
186 Wayland Ave, 
Providence, R. I, 


Side-Steps Stevenson 

Tri-State’s Finest Men's Stor 

George HH. Wrigh 

At the corn of Fourth Ay 

Aluminum Siding 
Combination Windows 
and Doors 
Free Estimate—No Obligation 

ond 10th St Baskethall Coach 

By the Associated Press 


H h it T 4 
, | : » 
other IGY aurorae still wait to | Interaction Recognized | um T e ] eS oOwar () 
be analyzed. Among other! - . 
things, analysts are preparing) The, magnetic field of the) 
| | By Godfrey Sperling, Jr. | 
for every aurora reported over |the particles. That is why the)  ojioy cy tne ab ead of Slogan Shouts 
the North American continent. | 2Uroral lights are usually con- : 
| | greatest, number of aurorae oc- | puagobe gigs 
‘cur in areas located about 22|.. /2¢ Humphrey candidacy for| 
; |'more and more a defacto one. 
Reasonable Prices Powe northern and «outhern| Here, at the Democratic Mid- 
. Excellent Service |iinteraction between the solar |. Humphrey stressed that he 
particles and the high atmos- | felt the country needed—more 
licht is al re| get things done.” 
— is green, although there} The Minnesota _ 
‘red aurorae as well. But the/2°t actually bay “like me,” but) 
the violet region just below the | ducted-his Senate campaign in 
CAFETERIA sensitivity of the eye. If we | 1954, his slogan was “Senator 
cs | Senn ; 1959 and 1960, he said, the party 
410-412 STH STREET id aimanhaade beta would must convince the country that 
‘associated magnetic storms on|,, {+ thus becomes quite apparent 
‘communications range from the that when Senator Humphrey 
or Poe dency s bid for support will 
, disruptive. At their worst, these peg e : : 
éf Our PreBaster | disturbances can knock out both | P& 85 @ man who moves, who 
While he was in Moscow, the 
| vations viet Premier Nikita S, Khrush- 
Only 4995 | The great benefits that would chev that the Soviets had had 
| : ‘ing economically with the Unit-| In this vein’ it was interest-| Premier Khrushchev is playing|;come the President's: quarters. 
‘pdented ton oe 'ed States during the Republican|ing to see the senator neatly|a “kind of Russian brinkman-j| The rear part of the plane will | 
; “In a couple of years, I told|the political stature of an old/that there is a serious possibility | sons. In the rear will be an- 
Cite hit Gear ee him, there’ll be a change in ad-j ally, Adlai E. Stevenson. Gov. G.|0f nuclear war. He said this was | | 
know we're going to run yOu! had here, March 6, joined Sena- ; Korean war, and _ possibly the | 
articles on the recent Inter- |right out of Gorki Park.” tor J. W. Fulbright of Arkansas | Most serious since World War II. | 
HUNTINGTON, W. VA. ———<| national Geophysical Year. Greenviticmae. «| 
| : Humphrey diplomacy. The; sen-/to name Mr. Stevenson as the/charged, the administration has | Eom 
MOO | Y hips seems, as a President who! State John Foster Dulles, Would!structive proposals. ihas been named head basketball 
| would be willing to slug it out!/Senator Humphrey also recom-|. The problem was—as he put coach at East Carolina College, 
Phone JA 5-8112 

Please write or call 


103 Oakland Avenue 
Tel. ST 1-6987 
sd CRANSTON, R. 0. nel 

BARN on the Bay 

Loceted in 
East Sandwich, Massachusetts 

| ers, 

‘*Doer’ on Display 

Almost constantly now, Sen- 
‘ator Humphrey is projecting a 
political image that could win 
‘approval among those critics of 
ithe administration who charge 
it with inactivity and _ inde- 
'cision. A few days ago Senator 
|Humphrey proposed an educa- 
ition-for-peace plan. Here he 
mentioned this plan and added 
‘a medical-aid-for-peace plan. 
LA few months ago he came up 

Dulles job? He was asked. He|given repeated opportunities to/8@ve up the head coaching job 
wouldn't, it seemed. He said: |take the initiative and gain the | *t confine his duties to coaching 
“IT have a high regard for|propaganda advantage. | the golf team, He also will be an | 
Stevenson, as you know, but the! Implicit in everything the sen-|™Structor in the physical edu- | 
President has the responsibility |ator says and does politically | Cation department. 
to pick the Secretary of State.) these days is the assurance that | 
I am not going to make a list;Senator Humphrey, as a Presi-| 
of names for him to choose|dent, would not allow anyoné) 
from.” Senator Humphrey alsojelse to take the initiative. One/ 
said that certainly the President! current magazine analyzes | 
wouldn’t be turning to him for) “What Makes Humphrey Run.” 
the name of a successor. Whatever it .is, it’s a political | 
Senator Humphrey, it seemed, | fact. And he’s off to a fast start’ 
wasn’t particularly interested in/on this race for the 1960 presi-| 
getting his old friend back into' dency, 

Flying Autos Flit on Horizon 

synoptic maps 15 minutes apart |©4rth traps and orients some of | 
; The Christian Science Monitor 
...'fined to higher latitudes. The 
Good Food 'degrees| from either magnetic | President each day becomes | 
‘lights themselves are caused by | West conference, Senator Hubert 
A ‘phere. The predominant visible | than anything else—leaders who 
R A ; : f Vy f S sometimes predominantly | senator did 
‘really intense radiation is in|®¢ did say that when he con-| 
‘could see what the instruments | umphrey get things done.” For 
ome PUNTINGTON, W.VA. cue The effects of aurorae and “Democrats get things done.” 
: . "| formally declares for the presi- 
TAKE ADVANTAGE |) ™ctely annoying to the totally € 
7 | long-distance radio and cable or | 2°'S; Who gets results. 
land line communications while 
BLUE SUIT §p ECIAL | they raise hob with radar obser- senator said here, he told So- 
‘follow if these effects could be|!t Telatively easy” in compet- 
itions systems lend a practical administration. He added: skirt an opportunity to promote|Ship” in the Berlin crisis and} be fitted with seats for 28 per- | 
ministration, and I want you to|/Mennen Williams of Michigan} the most serious crisis since the | 
Eleventh of 14 summary | 
Here was a reminder-.of!in urging President’ Eisenhower | In this crisis, Senator Humhprey | 
ator could be counted on, it/replacement for Secretary of|failed to come up with any con-| Earl Smith, a former coach, | 
g : ° . ) . 
G ons ‘verbally with the Soviet lead-|mend Mr. Stevenson for the|tt—that the Soviets were being |'ePlacing Howard Porter. Porter | 

lt’s Got It! 


and-So Much More! 


: Most Fashionable Shop” Foard- Harwood 
: || 915—4th Ave. Ph. JA 9-7129 
By Elizabeth H. Harrison 

l, MILLER | Special to The Christian Science Monitor 

MADEMOISELLE | Cars that fly may be ante 
STRIDE-RITE—CHILDREN | lon the auto industry horizon. 

| | A sign from the Motor City: 


| Chrysler Corporation has dis- 
NATURALZERS 534 10th Street, Huntington, W. Va. || Closed that test flights of its 

: flying auto will be made in 

_ || April. 
| / | Chrysler is developing the ve- 
| HUNTINGTON, W. VA. VA { / ‘hicle for the Army, which, it 


it by 1962 
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corporation engineer, flying cars 
could be in your and my drive- 
way by the same date. 

At the Army’s request, the ve- 
hicle to be tested in April will 
be equipped with conventional! civilian flying auto. | r 
helicopter controls, though it; In 1953, auto manufacturers | 

will not fly on the same prin-|were pushing engine ratings'| Beacon Upholstery Co. 

ciple as the helicopter. past 300 horsepower, and Chrys- | 
Custom’ Made 

ler engineers reasoned that with 
Upholstered Furniture 

that much power and the right | 
equipment, an automobile could | 

Reupholstering @ Remodeling 


actually fly. 
Antiques Restored and Refinished 

ler, now are developing flying 
jeeps for military use. 

Chrysler officials say. their! 
'vehicle dates back to 1953 and /| 

was originally conceived as a| 


a ; 7 4 Ze <) * 

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6 | 
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Announcing that 
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Mary C. Brant 

Two Propellers 

In the final vehicle, Chrys- 
ler engineers expect the controls 

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Phone JA 34794 

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CHerry 5-2343 

¢ Organs 

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PHONE JA 3-6421 

| Appliances 

For a 

New 1959 Buick 

‘ or a 

Better Used Car - 

come to 

three-foot model of the flying 

i Providence’s Only Buick Dealer 
in sem — "he neraea| 635 Elmwood Avenue, Providence, R. 1. Tel. HO 7-8500 

Chrysler a development .con- 

tract for the conveyance. 
WARWICK... .767 Warwick ri 

variety motorist could fly. 5; 
They anticipate equipping it; A drawing based on a conven- 
tional Plymouth sedan was 
Factory Showroom 
speed, and a push button to take ESTIMATES WITHOUT OBLIGATION 
the “car” to desired altitudes. In 1955 the research hadil 
60 miles'an hour, and carry 
1,000 pounds. 
eight feet in diameter. The pro- 
pellers are enclosed in ducts at 
Vanes above the propellers 
[ otfman Flowers control up and down movement; 
3208 Piedmont Road 

with a standard steering wheel vas | 
for turning, a foot pedal simi-}used to convince corporation | 
executives they should allot 
The—test--vehicleis—expected | progressed to the point that al 280 Richmond St. GA 1-5909 
to be able to take off and land  —<»- PROVIDENCE, R. I. 
The Chrysler machine 
powered by a 380-horsepower 
the front and rear of the vehicle, 
while the driver-pilot sits in 
FIX-IT SHOP Ine vanes beneath the propellers 
sh ’ turn the craft right or left and 
Maytag and Frigidaire ‘Huntington, West Virginie 
Phone HA 9-5131 

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will be so simple that a garden Contract Awardéfl 
Visit Our Modern 
lar to an accelerator to regulate 
money for research. | 
vertically, achieve a speed near -- 
engine that turns two propellers 
—F the center. 
control roll. A “cascade system” 

of vanes beneath the machine 
regulates speed. 

Statistics on the test vehicle: 
It will weigh 2,000 pounds, be 
22 feet long, 912 feet wide. Its 
framework will be aluminum 
alloy tubing, covering will be 

Three firms, including Chrys- 

$100,000,000 Tag Seen 
To Revise VA Pensions 

By the Associated Press 

Veterans Administrator Sum- 
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posal he presents to Congress 
for revision of veterans’ pensions 
will call for, spending at least 
on dollars 

) . eo an additional 100 mill 
: 3 ‘a year, 
He told the American Legion’s 
Son annual rehabilitation conference 
oll he believes pensions should be 

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rl r 1 corporation officials, has a fixed- 
°P ict G earings pitch propeller with the vanes 
for control, while other models, 
like helicopters, vary propeller 
pitch for control. “We believe 
our system is so simple that the 
average auto driver can operate 
it,” says a top Chrysler..engi- 

Corporation officials have em- 
phasized the test nature of the 
machine to be flown in April, 
pointing out that everything on 
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ears of research have gone into 
its development, 

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According to Chrysler, the 
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10 °° 




In Fabrice 

By Bernice Stevens Decker 

Written jor The Christian Science Monitor 
Riverside, Ill. 

Drab and dreary temporary 
living quarters were a frequent 
“hardship” for many married 
couples during World War II. 
Eleanor and Henry Kluck found 
theirs were no exception when 
they lived in California near Mr. 
Kluck’s United States Navy sta- 
tion. Their solution to the prob- 
lem led to a most successful 
postwar career. , 

The apartment’s over-all taupe 
decorating scheme probably dis- 

them more than it might 

have some other couples, Mrs. 

Kluck had an art education and 

experience as an interior deco- 

. Mr. Kluck was a graduate 

They decided to brighten the 
dull apartment with color. 
Th cut a pattern in large 
oe Mi blocks and printed 
their draperies’ right on their 
living-room floor. When the 
draperies were back i ition, 
the improvement to the interior 
was impressive, so much so that 
architect friends who called 
were enthusiastic. One ordered 

duplicates for one of his proj- 

The 200 yards necessary’ 
had to be printed on the living- 
room. floor again and this went 
on for weeks. 

After the War 

After the war the Klucks re- 

turned to their home city, Chi- 
cago. Mr. Kluck went to work 
for an architectural firm. Mrs. 
Kluck did free-lance decorating 
work. This included occasional 
orders for custom-made printed 
«. But soon these occasional 
orders became more frequent 
and too much for her to handle 
alone. Mr. Kluck helped out 
nights and weekends. Orders 
got so far behind that he took 
a leave of absence from his job 
for two months to help her catch 
up, and he never went back. 

The Klucks found that their 

inted fabrics filled a particu- 

need. Architects and design- 

~ @fs pioneering in modern archi- 
tecture needed new patterned 
fabrics to complement their 
changing concepts. The orders 
for their block-printed fabrics 
continued to. come. So they 
made up a name from parts of 
own names, registered it, 

Mr. and Mrs. Kluck on Studio Balcony 

and were in business as Elen- 
hank Designers, Inc. * 

They have concentrated on 
contemporary patterns, many of 
them abstract. They like espe- 
cially to draw from nature, 
which they regard as one of the 
richest sources for ideas. 

One of their most popular 
patterns is “Tall Trees” in which 
the printed figures are seven feet 
high. Another pattern subject is 
“Beach Grass” in which they use 
long grasses retaining their 
natural character in an airy and 
graceful arrangement. In “Prai- 
rie,” typical flowers and grasses 
are used. Stalks of wheat, an 
orchard, and a linear interpre- 
tation of sun and stars are 
among other subjects. 

Mrs, Kluck points out that 
creating fabric designs which 
will drape well presents special 
problems for the designers of 
modern woven and printed tex- 
tiles, This has meant a whole 
new field of exploration for flat 
fabrics which must be subject to 
third dimensional distortion in 
drapery folds. 

Tapestries Flat 

“There is a great difference 
in designs for draperies as op- 
posed to those for tapestries 
which are hung flat,” she says. 
- Finished fabrics are marketed 
through department stores, dec- 
orating shops, and individual 
deeorators. The Klucks also do 
special commission jobs. These 
have included draperies for 
chain restaurants and business 
offices. For a bakers’ union, they 

produced appropriately a design 
with a wheat motif. 

A newer development is use 
of their Wesigns for wallpaper 
and wall canvas. Most of these 
are coordinated with their fab- 

Although the 
quires a staff of six, the Klucks 
still do all of the designing 
themselves. Printing is now 
done outside. Designs are their 
main interest and have brought 
them awards and widespread 
recognition in particular from 
the Museum of Modern Art and 
from the Merchandise Mart of 

business re- 

Special Awards 

They have received special 
awards in a number of craft and 
design shows around the coun- 
try including an Honor Award 
in the Midwest Designer Crafts- 
men Show at the Art Institute 
of Chicago last year. Six of their 
patterns have been purchased 
for the permanent collection of 
the Victoria & Albert Museum 
in London. 

Recently the Klucks moved to 
this Chicago suburb. They bought 
an old house and have used 
their combined artistic talents to 
remodel it. Their attractive con- 
temporary studio and _ business 
headquarters are in a rentedeled 
commercial building. The move 
makes it possible for both to 
remain active in the business 
and at the same time look after 
their family of three growing 

Frenchwomen Open Friendly Doors 

«ot SORES IR I Rh 
pbioe Sogliag : 
P . aye ~om yee s 

‘Elenhank’ Wallpaper and Fabric 

By Lydia’ Van Zandt 
Written for The Christian Science Monitor 

Many Americans and other 
‘foreign women visitors to Paris 
are entertained and given op- 
portunities to meet French- 
women at meetings of the Club 
Feminin de Paris Lyceum in the 
handsome salons of a former 
Rothschild mansion, now ‘a 
private club (]’Union Interalliée) 
on the fashionable Faubourg St. 

“In 1945 a group of us who 
had worked in the Resistance,” 
said Mme Jean Le Bec, the 
president, “felt there was need 
for an organization of women 
here which would bring us 
together with foreign women 
visitors to Paris. 

ae 2 4 

Written for The Cart 

Quick Tricks for the 

stian Science Monitor 

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a new dip to be served with corn or potato chips. 

Avocado Dip: Mash 1 large 

prevent discoloration. Mix with 1 
teaspoons grated onion, %4% cup mayonnaise, and a dash 

Tabasco, Chill. Yield, 14% cups. 

avocado with a 






Egg Dip: Chop finely 4 hard-cooked eggs. Mix well with 4% 

cup mayonnaise, %4 cup catchup, 2 tablespoons milk, %4 

spoon lemon juice, 
Chill. Yield, 1% cups. 


% teaspoon salt, and a pinch of basil. 

“We set out to establish a club 
similiar to those which had long 
existed in England and the 
United States,” she continued. 
“This was a new idéa for 
Frenchwomen. Before World 
War II our lives had been cen- 
tered chiefly around our homes 
and when. ‘we went to social 
gatherings it was with our hus- 

For several years the strug- 
gling young organization met-in 
a private home near the Champs 
Elysées but more and more 
women became interested each 
year. Now with a membership of 
about 200 the Club Feminin de 
Paris Lyceum fills one’ of the 
large gold-leaf decorated rooms 
of the Union Interalliée every 
Tuesday afternoon. Members 
and their foreign guests become 
acquainted over the tea table 
and then hear a lecture or a 

GFWC Affiliation 

“Since 1948 we have been 
affiliated with the General Fed- 
eration of Women’s Clubs, Mme 
Le Bec explained, > 

Most of the General Federa- 
tion’s officers, past and present, 
who have visited Paris since the 
club was started have been en- 
tertained at a luncheon or tea 
given by this club. Some have 
enjoyed being house guests of 
the Le Becs- at their sume 
mer home on the Isle de Por- 
querolles in the Mediterranean 
off the Cote d’Azur. 

Mme Le Bec is carrying on 
‘a tradition of friendship for 
Americans established by her 
great-uncle, General Duffie, 
French officer who at the time 
of our Civil“Var fought with the 
Northern Army to preserve the 

“In 1952 when we became 
affiliated with the Association of 
Lyceum Clubs,” Mme Le Bec 
remarked, “we added the name 
Lyceum. A second French Ly- 
ceurm Club has just been started 
at Bordeaux.” 

This affiliation gives members 
two months’ privileges at Ly- 
ceum clubs in many other coun- 

Aids Young Artists 

“One of our club’s objectives 
is to give young artists oppor- 
tunities to be heard,” the presi- 
dent said. “We present them on 
programs and try to bring to- 
gether those who come from 
other countries and our talented 
young French artists.” 

This winter the Club Feminin 
de Paris Lyceum has taken a 
special interest in modern 
music, One of the first concerts 
given in the concert hall at the 
new UNESCO headquarters was 
a modern music program <ar- 
ranged by Mme Le Bec and 
the music chairman, Mme 

The *reguiar Tuesday after- 
noon programs during the past 
year have included illustrated 

lectures on art and travel, a talk 
by a literary editor, a Hindu 
ritualistic dance program, and 
a number of concerts, 
Accompanying the programs 
there were receptions for the 
large American Woman’s Group 
in Paris, for Mrs. Hiram Cole 
Houghton, a former president of 
the General. Federation of 
Women’s Clubs, and another for 

the wife of the New Zealand 

Ambassador to France, Mrs. J. 
W. Wilson, and stilt another for 
Mme Sprecher-Rebert, presi- 
dent of the International Asso- 
ciation of Lyceums. 

Members of the Club Feminin 
de Paris Lyceum also arranged 
luncheons for Miss Chloe 
Gifford, president of the General 
Federation of Women’s Clubs, 
and for the wives of the two 

Amefican Ambassadors — Mrs, 
Amory Houghton, wife of the 
Ambassador to France, and Mrs, 
W. Randolph Burgess, wife of 
the Ambassador to the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization 

In addition to all these social 
and cultural activities there 
were group visits to French 
charitable organizations which 
receive help from the club. -~ 

Less emphasis is placed on 
lectures or discussions on polite 

ical and international questions . 

than in many American clubs, 
However, briefings for members 
were held at SHAPE (Supreme 
Headquarters Allied Powers Eu- 
rope) in ’58 and this spring 
members will visit the Palais de 
Chaillot and be briefed on the 
parent organization NATO, 

Japanese Modes Change 

By the Associated Presse 


A petite American-educated 
designer became the center of a 
storm among Japan’s fashion 
world recently. , 

The imperial household board 
has asked Mrs. Harue Matsuda, 
a department store, designer, 
to help design Japan’s future 
Empress’s formal attire. 

This was a shock for some 
100 other well-kfiown aspirants 
for the assignment. Mrs. Mat- 

suda, a pianist turned designét, 

is not nearly as famous as some 
of her passed-over colleagues. 

The imperial household board 
also named two other women to 
design dresses for Miss Michiko 
Shoda, a commoner who will be- 
come Crown Prince Akihito’s 
bride in April. They are Mrs. 
Chiyo Tanaka, and Miss Kay 
Kumakiri, who have been 
making dresses for Empress 
Nagako and imperial princesses 
for many years. 

Cause of Uproar 

No one has questioned their 

But the name of Mrs. Matsuda 
caused an uproar. 

“This is more fantastic,” one 
famed designer cried tearfully, 
“than the selection of a miller’s 
daughter as the future Empress 
of Japan.” 

the reception following the ritue 
al. and then several other West- 
ern dresses largely to be made 
by Mrs. Matsuda. 

Paris, London, New York, 
Rome and Hollywood fashions 
have taken’a backseat since the 
announcement of Miss Shoda’s 
engagement to the Crown 
Prince last Nov. 27. 

Young Japanese girls prompt- 
ly took to dresses patterned 
after those worn by Miss Shoda 
at the announcement. 

Background Counts 

Asked to comment on the con- 
troversy her selection caused 
among her competitors, Mrs. 
Matsuda said: 

“I don’t know about the re- 
actions. They are all superlative 
designers. I believe my selection 
was largely due to my back- 

Mrs. Sadako Yamanaka, Mrs. 
Matsuda’s aunt and wife of one- 
time ambassador to Belgium, 
was a designer for Empress 
Nagako at the time of her wed- 
ding to Emperor Hirohito. 
‘Mrs. Matsuda has_ studied 
fashion in New York, Paris, 
Rome, and Germany. 

Miss Shoda has already se-- 

Miss Shoda is a daughter of P 

the president of Japan’s largest 
flour milling company. 

Mrs. Matsuda, a graduate in 
1941 of the Style Center Design- 
ing School in Honolulu, quietly 
said in an interview: 

“I am determined to do my 
best in this important assign- 
ment, that will undoubtedly set 
the fashion of the year for Japa- 
nese womanhood.” 

Miss Shoda will wear a cere- 
monial medieval kimono cos- 
tume at the wedding ritual at 
the Shinto sanctuary of the Im- 
— Court, a robe décolleté to 

right now,” said Mrs. Matsuda, 
“except that she likes white, 
beige and blue colors and not 
red or pink, and that her own 
desires about the designs were 
given full consideration.” 

For Hat Rack 

Written for The Christian Science Monitor 

I save my old powder puffs, 
wash and dry them, and glue 
them to the top of an ordinary 
small standing hat rack. They 
help to hold hats on it more se- 
curely. B.C 


Right Wing Emerges 

Indian Polities Feels Tug of Cross Tides 

By Sharokh Sabavala | 

pecial Correspondent of 
Christian Sctence M 

Bombay | 
India’s hitherto static political 
front shows signs of quickening. 

While under its new president, 
Mrs. Indira Gandhi, the Indian | 



National Congress Party slowly | 

to implement its social-| 
istic programs, here in Bombay | 
a new right wing group is form-| 
ing. And as the party president | 

goes out to woo the moderate, 

elements of the Indian Socialist | 
Parties back into the Congress) 
fold, ultraleftists in her own 
organization, whg do not think. 
she can make much headway | 
against the party’s old guard, | 
are breaking away to form sep- 

arate political units. | 

This old guard, which helped 
India win freedom, has received | 

overwhelming support from the nessmen, professional men, and | 

nation through two general elec-| 
tions. but after 11 years 
practically unopposed power, it) 
is fast losing popularity, partic-| 
ularly in urban India, With it 

has been slipping the ruling) ism that is creeping into a state | 

programs. In the south Indian 

against a breakaway by Con- 
gress members from the state’s 
legislature party on grounds of 
“groupism and personal rivalry, 
which the Congress executive 
has done nothing to combat.” 
Nucleus Planned 

Both in Madras state and in 
Punjab, a demand for a sep- 
arate homeland for a section of 
the people—with potvers to 
secede from the Union—is being 

revived, and in parts of central 
India the Rashtriya Swayam 
Sevak Sangh is coming up again. 
This is a militant Hindu organi- 
zation, which went into eclipse 
after the 1948 assassination, by a 
Hindu fanatic, of Mahatma 

n Bombay a group of busi- 
members Parliament 

of are 

of | working to build the nucleus | 

of a new political party, “to 

spokesman, “the authoritarian- 


| ings, as recently proposed by the 
'Congress Party. It will oppose 

\state trading and cooperative | 
'farming. It will insist that the) 
so | 

‘third Five-Year Plan be 
| framed a& to have a direct and 
immediate impact on the food, 

cloth, and housing needs of the | 
| people, particularly of the mid- | 
is | 
‘therefore considerably to the 
Congress | 
| Mr. Nehru’s. senior Cabinet min- | 
isters, a majority of the presi- | 

dle class. Its basic outlook 

‘right of 

| policies. 


| In Andhra state, meanwhile, | 
_28 members of the state legisla- | 
ture, having broken away from | 
the Congress Party, have formed | 
what is called the Democratic | 
Party, whose 12-point program | 


| calls for the building of a class- 
| less, .casteless society through 
| the setting up of a “kisan-maz- 
|door-praja raj” — peasants, 
workers, peoples’ government. 
Before the break, in a House of 
| 301, the Congress Party had a 

‘Communist mémbers. 
In Mrs. Gandhi’s home state 

Congress Party, to an extent) which is slowly becoming mono-|of Uttar Pradesh, adjoining New 

which has Prime Minister, 
Jawaharlal Nehru—one of the) 
old guard himself—publicly ask- | 
ing when younger and more rad- | 
ical elements would “take hold” 
to implement a program neces-' 

sary for transition to socialism. | 

In Mrs. Gandhi's election, Mr. | 
Nehru (who is her father) is 
said to see a part answer to his 

Starting with Communist 
Kerala, Mrs. Gandhi is about to 
tour the Indian states in an en- 
deavor (1) to reestablish grass 
roots, (2) to win back to the 

y all those who have left 
it in the last 10 years, and (3) 
to attract a measure of coopera- 
tion from all those basically 
oe seaagpaag Indians, who, none- 

ess, are interested in the de- 
velopment programs of 

rent government. 
As she begins her odyssey she 

the cur- 

will find in Bombay the begin- 
mings of a strong conservative 
Opposition to her party’s new 

a- ° 
Strandees See 
*No Place to Go’ 

By the Associated Press 
‘ Olathe, Kan. 

te Olathe 


the other 
night and about 225 employees 
i to remain at the base 
overnight rather than battle» 
the drifts, | 

he standees went to see the 
7 tag entitled, “No Place 


St t 
Breach oe surprising remarks. They quote 

‘laughing. Was this not 
| war * hot 


This group says it stands for 
social justice and equality of 
opportunities, but it will radi- 
cally differ from the ruling ‘party 
in the methods to be employed 

Delhi, a similar—even larger— 
rebellion is brewing and there 
are signs that throughout the or- 
ganization a struggle for ascend- 
ancy now is beinz mounted be- 
tween the party’s left and right 


Nostalgia’ Nudges 

Peking’s Peasants 

By the Assoctated Press 

The Chinese Communists are 
running into opposition in their 
efforts to wipe out China’s tradi- 
tional family system through the 
newly. created people’s com- 

Peking’s press has carried re- 
ports. recently about officially 
sponsored debates in various 
parts of China on the subject of 
family life. The reports normally 
wind up with claims that the 
participants, “after thorough dis- 
cussion, unanimously agreed” 
— the wisdom of the party 

Peking’s official People’s Daily 
recently reported, however, that 
after one such debate the par- 
ticipants “were not unanimous 
on the sey of whether col- 
lective life is better or more 
“omg - warming than family 

Other articles carry equally 

peasants as saying: 

“In the small family of the 
past, mémbers of the household 
ate whatever they liked and 
drank whatever beverage they 
wished. All day long members of 
the family, old and young, gath- 
ered to tting and 

a com- 

' work out of them, 

; “Now that we eat in public 
mess-halls, do we still have our 
little homes? The way I see it, 
home no longer exists if we go 
there only to sleep. It can only 
be called a dormitory.” 

Peasant Pei Yu-ming asked: 

“If children are taken to the 
nursery and kindergarten when 
they are very young, and after- 
ward to boarding school, will 

and close relatives after they 
have been allocated jobs on 

People’s Daily sadly reports 
many commune members “ap- 
pear to have a pleasant and nos- 
talgic feeling whenever they 
mention the small family.” 

Denouncing such “nonsensical 
ideas,” the paper says party offi- 
cials have been trying to con- 
vince commune dwellers that 
family life still exists, bigger and 
better than ever, because every- 
one is now a member of “Chair- 
man Mao Tse-tung’s big family.” 

Children now belong to the 
public as well as to their 
parents, People’s Daily says, and 
* os geese 4 — igs on 
children ag the rivate prop- 
erty any more.” 
The commune system is a 
radical Communist plan under 
which peasants eg other pee 
ers are uired to a a- 
ditional heme and tamily lite for 

tence so the state can gét more 

ve ; th 

implement these promises. | 
state of Andhra, she will be up| Thus it will disfavor land ceil-| “ginger group” with which the | 
| new party president is said to | 
| of | 

of | 

they not forsake their kinsmen |« 

wing. On the one side the 


sympathize. This consists 
several junior Government 
India ministers, some state min- 
‘isters, leaders of the party's 
| youth forums, some officials of 
/ the Indian National Trade Union 

Congress — the %party’s labor 

en’s Conference. 

On the other side are some of 

dents and secretaries of the 
state Congress Party commit- 
tees, almost all the party's land- 
owning members, and big busi- 
ness representatives like 

to the party’s election funds. 
| Viewed as Youngsters 

| This is the old guard. On the 
surface it has welcomed Mrs. 

in the words of a/| Strength of 201. There are 37| Gandhi's election, and the new | 
| president contmues to treat it | 

with the utmost respect. But the 

her and her band of enthusias- 
tic workers as party youngsters 
who must Be allowed to blow off 
dian political observers, how- 
unwarranted because Mrs. 
Gandhi, instead of blowing 
steam, is more likely to blow the 

'remain unimplemented, 

The country waits and watch- 
es as the wheat and the chaff 
rapidly come to the surface of 

its political and public life. If | 

| press opinion is‘ any indication, 
|an important section of Indian 
public opinion would welcome a 
break-up of the ruling party 
into its logical right and left 

Christian Science 

Services on Radio 

Eastern States 

Annapolis—First Church of Christ, 8Sei- 
entist, 11 a.m. ib SE 1430ke, April 5 

ew r 

New York City—Pirst Church of Christ, 

March 15. 

Syracuse—Pirst Church @ Christ, Sci- 
entist, 11 am., WOLF. 1490k¢e, March 
15, April 5. 

Central States 

Des Moines — First Church of Christ, 
——— 11 a.m., WHO, 1040kc, March 


Ruren—Second Chureh of Christ, Scien- 
tist, 11 a.m., WHKK. 640kc, Mareh 15. 
Southern States x 

New Orieans—First Church of Christ 
Scientist, 5 p.m., WJBW, 1230ke, April 

Housteon—First Church 
om. ll a.m., , 0ke, March 15, 
Western States 
Sacramento—First Chur ) 
Scientist, 1 a.m. ¥. 1240ke, 
First Church of Chriat. 
a.m. KTIM, 14610ke, 

istian Science Society, 
1490ke, April 5. 

San Rafael — 
Scient il 
March 15. 

Tahoe Vaile 

li a.m. KOWL, 

. a f 

Mint, Ip nm, CPRB-CPRX, 1010k¢, 607 
: AG by m-SES-5 1 Negi ; 

: P 
¢ - . 
~ 4 Pa cone yee roe tee 

wing—and prominent members | 
of the powerful All-India Wom- | 

the | 
Birlas, who while they are not | 
formally party members have | 
| contributed millions of rupees | 

former is inclined to look upon | 

a little steam now and then. In- 

ever, insist this complacency is | 

top right off the organization if 
she finds that party resolutions | 

ueens Village, L.1.. 11:04° 
R, 1560kec, WQXR-FM. 

of Christ,” 

Reports from correspondents of The Christian Science Monitor. 
the Associated Press. and Reuters 

Nvasaland: Rioting Continues 

Tea estates 35 miles from Blantyre remained the chief seat of 
trouble in riot-torn Nyasaland March 9, Troops arrested 60 

Africans in tea-growing Mlanje district after the looting of 
an Indian trading center. Since the state of emergency was | 

declared March 3, 249 Africans have been arrested and 4] 

| killed, 

Romania: Israeli Official Expelled 

/Romania has announced the expulsion of an Israeli diplomat 

it accused of “activities 

incompatible with his duties.” 
move is regarded as a Communist gesture to appease Arab 
anger of large-scale emigration of Romanian Jews to Israel. 


Despite the ouster, Jewish sources say, several hundred Jews 

continue to arrive in Vienna 

daily from Romania bound for 

Bonn: Anti-Semitism Laid to East 

Dr. Berthold Martin, a member 
German Parliament, said Mar 
some of the recent anti-Semitic incidents in West Germany 
were “guided by the East” to harm West Germany’s reputa- 
tion. Herr Martin addressed a youth political meeting at the 


beginning of West 
Love” between Christians and 

of the Bundestag of the West 
ch 8 that there was proof that 

Ss annual “Week of Brotherly 

Leipzig: Deals With West Closed 

_ East 

fair, an East German Trade 
| Export contracts 

ermany signed contracts worth $242,191,600 with capitalist 
countries during the first seven days of the Leipzig trade 

Ministry spokesman has said. 

to capitalist countries totaled $200,320,000 
and import contracts, $41,865,600. 

‘Algeria: Rebel Band Wiped Out 

| French troops have wiped out 

the small Algerian rebel band 

which ambushed two American photographers, killing one, 

| seriously wounding the other, and killing their German in- 


Burma: Communist Seeks New Base 
| Thakin Than Tun, leader of 2,300 Burmese Communist insur- 

gents, has left his northern Burma headquarters and is seeking 
to establish a new base in the Papun area of the Karen state 

which borders on Thailand in south Burma. 

Japan: Anti-Nuclear Feelings Lessen? 

‘The lack of heated reaction to views expressed by Premier 


Nobusuke Kishi giving conditional approval to Japan's posses- 

sion of nuclear weapons for defense are interpreted by many 
| to mean Japan is edging away from its passionate objection to 

nuclear weapons. Although 


Japanese newspapers carried 

| Premier Kishi’s remark there was virtually no comment—edi- 

torially or otherwise. 


& : 
French Begin Rocket Tests 
_ From Sahara Missile Base 

By Reuters 

Colomb-Bechar, Sahara 

French natural scientists have 
started a series of rocket launch- 
ings from the missile-testing 
'range south of here to investi- 
| gate the upper atmosphere. 
| A&A military communiqué said 
\the first Veronique rocket was 
‘sent up in a preparatory flight 
‘March 7, but gave no further de- 
' tails. 

It is supposed, however, that 
‘the rocket was testing radio 
‘control techniques. 

_ Between 40 and 50 launchings 
‘are envisaged. The Veronique is 

developed by the French and is 
capable of reaching heights of 
155 miles. It is expected that this 
type of rocket will be employed 
later in developing a multistage 
vehicle capable of putting an 
earth satellite into orbit, 

For the current test program, 
the Veroniques have been 
equipped with a device to re- 
Igase sodium at great heights, 
oe creating an artificial come 

t| take place this 

glowing under the action of 
ultraviolet rays from the sun. 

| French experiments hope to 
‘secure useful information by 
istudying such “comets,” which 
j}also would serve as “reflectors” 
for shorf-wave radio experi- 
} ments, 

[About 2,500 men are at work 
deep in the Sahara Desert build- 
‘ing blockhouses and under- 
‘ground shelters in preparation 
.for France’s first nuclear tests, 
ithe Paris Journal Dimanche re- 
; ported March 8. 
|. {The newspaper’s science cor~ 

of Christ. Scien. | the most powerful rocket so far respondent, in a dispatch from 

,Colomb-Bechar, the site of the 
| French missile-testing range, 
‘said the workmen, mostly Mos- 
‘lems, had moved thousands of 
‘tons of soil in an. undertaking 
‘reminiscent of the’ btiilding of 
othe Pyramids. 
| . [Neither the date nor the place 
bomb test 

\of France’s first atom 

Gcpanted to 

have yet been | an- 
ke oie but it is 

i / 

e designed by Mrs: Tanaka at 

World News in Brief J ewish Emigration: 

~ Moscow Sits Tight 

By Mario Rossi 

United Nations, N.Y. 


Spectal to The Christian Science Monitor 

the government and the party 

Moscow’s assurances to the | for reasons of economy. 

|Arabs that the Soviet Union 
'would not think of alienating 


Replacements Available 
Since the Jews were willing 

|their friendship by permitting | and ready to leave the country 
the emigration of its Jewish | for Israel, thus making available 

| citizens to Israel are being in-| numerous positions, it apparently 
|terpreted here as an effort to| was tacitly agreed that those 

.exploit for purposes of Mideast-| Jews who chose to do so should 

(ern policy a situation dictated 



be allowed to leave freely. No 

nearly exclusively by domestic pressure seems to have been 

| considerations. 

The current exodus of Jews 
i from Romania is considered the 
_best illustration of this conten- 
| tion since there appear to be 
|convincing indications that it 
'was dictated primarily, if not 
‘exclusively, to-alleviate internal 
pressures without reference to 
external relations. 

; what they are, that the Kremlin 
' should hold the threat of a mass 
| Jewish immigration from behind 
ithe Iron Curtain to Israel over 
‘the heads of the Arabs. 

| Even a denial serves the pur- 
pose of underscoring the exist- 
lence of the problem and the 
' prospect that it might be raised 
lanew but for opposite reasons. 

Cause Considered 

' Already several Arabs are 
asking whether the Romanian 
emigration, which they attribute 
to acquiescence from Moscow, 
jhas been the direct product of 
the persecution of Communists 
by President Nasser of the 
United Arab ‘Republic and of 
some initiatives aiming to estab- 
lish @ better climate in the rela- 
tions with the West. 

Numerous Mideastern leaders 
have indicated that Arabs should 
go to any length in order to 
coax the Soviet Union and thus 
remove the danger that a ma- 
jority of three million Soviet 
Jews should invade the area and 
confront Arabs with a “mortal” 
, danger. 

Intelligentsia Formed 

| As much as the political ex- 
ploitation of these apprehensions 
by the Kremlin was to be fore- 
'seen, Mideastern experts believe 
| that a closer look at the situation 
would show a wide gap between 
propaganda and facts. 

To prove this contention, the 
experts point to the Romanian 
situation and the reasons that 
have pfoduced it. 

In Romania, it. is said, the 
middle class intelligentsia was 
made up almost entirely by Jews 
with the consequence that their 
representation in the country’s 
bureaucracy and Communist 
Party apparatus was very high. 
_ The economic transformations 
that following World War U 
lerased a 1 

completed its education and 
training during the past year or 

two, . 
The pend See arose to make 
place for the newcomers, and 

argely feudal system 
‘brought about the formation of a;tion proposing that 



exercised for them to stay or go. 

Conceivably, Romania was not 
willing to lose a high percentage 
of professional people but re- 
versed its stand once replace- 
ments became available. Moscow 
is reported to have recognized 
the validity of the decision and 
the domestic considerations that 

_. |had dictated it. Furthermore, it 
Despite this evidence, Mid-| appears that Romania is freer in 
eastern experts find it only na-| dealing with internal questions 
tural, Soviet.techniques being! since the Soviets withdrew their 

.troops from that country a few 



months ago. 

The unlikelihood that, the 
Romanian decision might repre- 
sent a precedent for the Soviet 
Union is apparently underscored 
by the dissimilarity of the prob- 
lem in the two countries. 

Minority Groups Watched 

Except for the Hungarian 
autonomous region in Transyl- 
vania, the population of Romania 
is homogeneous. There is no 
danger therefore that other 
minorities might follow the Jew- 
ish example and ask to leave. 

This prospect, however, is ever 
present in the Soviet Union where 
more than one-fourth of the 
population belongs to non-Slavic 

‘nationalities. To allow the Jews 

: Romanian intelligentsia which | Service employees be Roe heap 

to leave for Israel could stimu- 
late separatistic and independ- 
entistic currents that often in the 
past the Soviets have found it 
difficult to control. - 

Consequently, the experts say, 
it can be confidently stated that 
if the Soviets deny their Jewish 
population the option to leave 
the country the reason is in- 
ternal and quite independent of 
the desire not to antagonize the 

The Soviets have chosen, how~- 
ever, to exploit a domestic prob- 
lem for purposes of foreign 
policy, and this constitutes a 
political element to which Arabs 
attach the greatest importance 
and with which the West will 
have to contend, 

Bilingual Requirement 

Urged for Diplomats - 

By the Associated Press 

Senator Leverett Saltonstall 
(R) of Massachusetts has 
early Senate action on > 



know at least one f | 
guage. wae 
He told the Senate that an 






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Votes for Scottsdale, but Other Factors 

Pro Tennis at Garden 
Features Hoad-Gonzales 

By Phil Elderkin 

Sports Writer of Tre Christian Science Monitor 

This is a report on tonight’s! night at Madison Square Garden | 
pro tennis at the Garden, where |in a triple-header. The Terriers | 
Pancho Gonzales plays his No. 1 | (18-6) convinced the selection) 
rival Lew Hoad, and Ashley, makers with a 64-48 win over! 
Cooper his boss, Jack Kramer. |tournament-bound Providence 
Usually Cooper squares off last week. . The unique thing | 
against Mal Anderson, his fel-, about BU is its “homey” flavor, | 
low Australian, but with Andy | with five of its six top players 
sidelined, Kramer is back for a| coming from the Hub area, the 
crack at the game he once domi-' other man from 

Americans Lose 
To Soviet Team 

Finances May Influence 

Red Sox Plans Next Year 

By Ed Rumill 

Sports Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 

Scottsdale, Ariz. ised percentage if the gate goes 
One of a minority, reluctant to, over a certain figure. But the 
applaud the Red Sox spring, catch here is that the town is 
training shift from Sarasota to| taking the receipts for any 10 . 
Scottsdale, Ted Williams today | ames and naturally will get the 
admitted that he had changed largest gates. 
his mind. | The financial angle is import- 
In fact, as the Boston club ant since it costs the club much 

By the Assoctated Press 
| Prague 
Soviet Union defeated the 

| United States 5-1 March 9 in 
the opening round of a round 
robin tournament for the 
World Ice Hockey Champion- 
ship. Canada’s defending 
champions blanked Finland 
6-0 in another game. 

It was the second straight 
victory for the Soviet team 
over the Americans. The Rus- 

nated during the height of his 
playing days. 

Anderson said he would be 
missing from the tour. until 
March 15, when Kramer's little 
group convenes at Louisville, 
Kentucky. The round = robin 
competition, Jack announced, 
will be suspended during Mal’s 

Last night in Chicago, Gon- 
zales whipped Lew Hoad 6—4, 
0—6, 6—4 before 2,500 fans, 
while Jack was beaten by Ashley 
Cooper, 8—5. In doubles, Hoad 
and Cooper won out, 8—5. 

Tomorrow night the tennis 
pros share equal billing at the 
Garden with the Celtics, the 
New York Knicks, the Harlem 
Globetrotters and the Phila- 
delphia Spahs. 

In a gesture similar to when 
Walter Brown offered the Celtics 
and Ice Capades for the price 
of one ticket back on Nov. 11, 
tomorrow night's 
is roughly the same kind of a 
deal. Tennis action 
6:36 p.m. 

Celtics Set Record 

While newspapermen played 
“Twenty Questions” with Red 
Auerbach in the Celtics’ 

131 win vs. Cincinnati, K. C. 
Jones and Bill Sharman ribbed 

own rebound mark. 

“Hey. c.,” Sharman said, 
“ever notice that each year 
when Russell sets a new rebound 

record by more than a few | 
abs?” “Yeah, I’ve noticed,” K. | 

i don, Cornell; 


| contributes 

ithe season ... 

starts alii 

‘trouble playing defense, 
'in a generous amount of scoring 

dress- | 
ing room after yesterday's 141-' 

because of a leg injury 
Bill Russell] about breaking his| gardiess of what happens in his 
'team’s final game, Bob Pettit is 
| assured breaking George | 
| average set in 1951... 
mark he never breaks the old | 

, eae 
Dartmouth (the Ivy winner) 
and Princeton (the runnerup) 
each placed two players on the 
All-Ivy League basketball team 
chosen pv the coaches, 
Selected from the Indians 



Rudy LaRusso and Chuck Kaul- | 

man, while the 
sented by 
completes the first team. 
Second team selections: 

Tigers are 
Carl Belz 

and Jim 

Joe Burns, 
Cliff Ehrlich, 
Schmidt, Penn; 
George Harrington, Harvard. 
Briefs: The Cincinnati Royals 
have been trying to improve 
their foul shooting by establish- 
ing a free throw fund. If a 
player misses a free throw he 
“Breakup Party” 

ton: Brown: 

Larry Downs of noe | 

Lou Jor- | 

and | 

sians won a preliminary match 
Saturday 5-3. 

The current tournament is a 
round robin among the six top 
teams. The Americans play 
Sweden tomorrow, Finland 
Wednesday, Czechoslovakia 
Friday and Canada Saturday. 

The Canada-Finland game 
was a rough one, with sharp 
body-checking and free-flying 

The only American goal 
was. scored by Gene Grazia, 
24-year-old left winger from 
West Springfield, Mass., in the 
third period, 

Harvard and Yale 

cents toward al 
at the end ot| 
Considering Ae | 

way-the Royals were going yes- | 

terday, they may put Elsa Max- 
well out of business “ek Sey fd 
Jones, who has never had any 


against the Royals for 16 points, | 

his high as a pro. 
* tee eee 

Tommy Heinsohn 

may miss 
tomorrow's game vs. 

New York 
. Re- 


'who have 

Mikan’s 28.4 per game scoring | . 
have compiled an amazing rec- 

By scor- 
ing 30 points yesterday as St. 
‘Louis lost to Minneapolis, 
104, Pettit brought his season’s 

‘ ‘ord of 507 
12 0- ‘losses since 1918, 

. replied, “and it simply means) average to 29.3 . . . Other NBA. 

he doesn’t have to work too 
much harder to set another rec- 
ord next year.” 

“Are you kiddin’ me: 
Russell, who has now 

bd Be 

said | 
taken | 

pnt balls off the boards in oe 

"Getting back to Auerbach, Red | | 
not only reiterated an earlier | 

statement that the Celtics are} 
the greatest team he ever, 
coached but amplified his re- 
marks to include the secret of | 
their success—balance, 
and hustle. 

Auerbach once had a team at 
Washington which won 
games, three fewer 
ton’s all-time NBA record of 52, 
“but they could never 
this club.” 

Off the Backboard 

Boston University has been | 

picked for the Eastern NCAA| 

Basketball Tournament and will | 

play Connecticut tomorrow | 

| scores: 

i st 

49 , 
than Bos- | 

handle | 

120; and Syracuse 133, 
| delphia 105 . 
| the new captain of the Brandeis 

| basketball team. 

NBA Pro Basketball 
By the Associated Press 
Eastern Division 

Ww L 


| Boston 
| New 
' Syr cuse 


Western Division 
W tL 


Results March 
Boston 141. Cincinnati 
New York 127. Detroit 120 
Syracuse 133. Philadeiphia 103. 
Minneapolis 120, St. Louis 104. 

Results March 7 

St. Louis 137. Detroit 128 
Philadelphia 93. Cincinnati 

Tuesday's Schedule 
New York at Boston 
Philadeiphia at Cincinrratt-~ 

Wednesday's Schedule 

Louis at Syracuse. 

Detroit at Minneapolis. 


New York 127, Detroit! 
. Mickey Kirsch is | 

Coaches Retire In 

Final Swim Meet Bb 

Cambridge, Mass. 
Yale’s Bob Kiphuth and Har- 

vard’s Harold Ulen are heading 

for retirement after a total of 78 | 

years as college swimming 

The. two personable coaches 
given so much to an 
unheralded sport were honored 
Saturday, March 7, as Yale won 
its 182nd-straight dual meet and 
the Eastern Intercollegiate 
League Championship. 

Kiphuth, whose Yale 
victories and only 12 
was presented 
bowl as a standing- 
room-only crowd of nearly 2,000 


a silver 

Ulen, who coached seven years 
at Syracuse before taking over 
at Harvard in 1929, then ac- 
cepted a silver tray from Yale 
Capt. Tim Jecko. Ulen, who has 

been ill all season, made a sur- 
| prise appearance at 
The competition between ‘the 

Ivy League mermen ended up in 

ithe usual result—a Yale 
| The 
'events to outscore 

the 10 

Elis won eight of 


, 60-26 

| Yale 

; A rm ¥y 


i meet. 


| Elis, 
idual meets in a 13-vear 

has not lost a dual meet 
dropping a decision to 
in 1945. Harvard, which 
ended with a 236-45 record un- 
der Ulen, hasn’t defeated its tra- 
ditional rival] in swimming since 

One of Ulen’s happiest memo- 
is the 1937 Harvard-Yale 
The Crimson upset the 
who had won 176 straight 


teams | 

| his 
| guardsman 

roman neta’ 
sie AAAS aati 

Associated Press Wirephoto 
These views 
record time of 4m. 601.4s. 

Garden, New York, meet, 
| early 

show how Ireland’s Ron Delany 
came from behind to win mile race in world- 
in Madison Square 
March 7. 
in race, it was Peter Close, St. John’s; 

At left. 

Barrie Almond, University of Houston: Delany, 

en ae tee ee ee ee 

ruins Hold One-Point _ 
Edge Over NHL Rangers 


and Hungary's Istvan Rozsavolgyi, 
rear. In center, about middle of race, 
led Delany and Rozy. 
ahead of Rozy, who hit tape in 4:01.8, breaking 
Delany's two-week-old mark of 4:02.5. 

front to 
At right, Delany finished 

By Warren Crape, Jr. 

Sports Writer of The CAris 

Two goal-scoring 
one minor, the other of 
larger proportions—have 
to an end for two members of 
the Boston Bruins. The result: 
a victory and a tightening of the 
race for the second, third, and 
fourth place in the National 
Hockey League. 

Don McKenney, after failing 
to score in the last 11 games, 
came up with two big goals— 
27th and 28th—and rear 
Bob Armstrong, 
notched his first since Dec. 21, 
1957, to pace the Bruins to a 
4-3 victory over the fifth-place 


| boasts 


' Toronto Maple Leafs last night. | 
The win just about finished any | 


| participate 

chances the Leafs may have had 
for a playoff berth. 
Four NCAA Teams 

This being playoff time in the 
college hockey ranks Michigan 
State and North Dakota (selected 
from the West) and St. Lawrence 
and BO6StGn College (from the 
East) have been named as the 
four teams to play in the 12th 
annual CAA hoc = Vv tourna- 
opening ° night 
in Troy, New North 
Dakota and St. : arent will 
face-off Thursday while Michi- 
gan State (favored cop the 
title) goes against the BC 
Eagies. The two winners will 
then meet for the championship, 
Saturday night, while the losers 
in a consolation 
game in the afternoon, 

Getting back to the 



N. Y. Airline Acts 

By Albert D. Hughes 
Staff Writer of 

The Christian Science Monitor 
downtown-Boston to downtown- 
Manhattan commercial air serv- 
ice is possible within five years 
by new combination helicopter- 
fixed-wing transport aircraft 
is at hand -with the 
nite announcement by New York 
Airways of plans to purchase a 

fleet of 5 to 15 British Rotodyne | | ‘travelers down within walking, 

| taxi, 

aircraft in 1964. 

New York Airways, 
ments before the Civil Aeronau- 
tics Board for permanent cer- 
tification, sealed its pioneering 
Rotodyyne purchase by submit- 
ting a “letter of intent’ jointly 

which | 

with Kaman Aircraft and Fairey | muter service. 

that one-hour | | 

defi- | 

is presenting argu-' 

| the 300-mile range of this air- 
| craft. 

Time savings on the Boston-| 

New York run, for instance, 

with Rotodynes would run to 
90 minutes as 

present air service. Elapsed time trouble is anticipated here, 

compared with 
between Boston and Gotham is 
now 3% hours by fixed-wing 
services taking ground travel 
time into account. 

Rotodyne service could set 

or rapid-transit distance | 
from destinations in these two 
cities in 90 minutes over-all. 

Commuter Service Hinted 

form multiple-stop functions, 

points to possible use in com- 
The craft would 

Aviation, Ltd. of Hayes, Eng-! fit in ideally with the recently 

land, plus a $25, 000 deposit as 
“an earnest of its intentions.” 
This type of purchase, it is| 
pointed out, provides the heli- | 
copter carrier with a hedge in' 
the event of financing difficulties | 
and the appearance of more at-| 
tractive aircraft, even by the | 
same company. 

Delivery of the Fairey Roto- | 
dynes was set for 1964. It was} 

anticipated that New York Air- | 
Ways could receive a federal 
guarantee on its approximately | 
10-million-dollar order under | 
terms of recent legislation for the | 

benefit of the short-haul air car- | | /named 

Wall Street Flights Due 

New York Airways route) 
provides a graphic indication of | 
oe intercity and suburban serv- 
ices it may offer when it begins | 
to operate Rotodynes: The car- 
rier now operates bétween New | 
York area airports transferring 
domestic and international air 
passengers back and forth be-' 

tween aerial connections and to | 

downtown Manhattan at 30th 
Street on the Hudson River. 
This summer New York Air- | 
ways also plans flights into the | 
‘Walt Street area. It also oper-| 

‘ates a suburban service ee | 
4 and | 
Stamford, Conn. The line has | 
also applied for an extension to. 

to: White Plains, N.Y 

New Haven, Conn. 

An eventual fleet of 15 Roto- 
ine each with the capacity 
es eo to a Lockheed Con- 
'. gtellation or Douglas DC-6, in- 
|  @icates an intention to seek fur- 
sher short-haul business within 

ch atia Reaeia dale Mereaeat 
u 5 ov 

| announced plans of the Massa- 

ichusetts Department of 


i\tions of New York Airways. 

with Rotodyne 
| order 

' added 

to Buy Rotodynes 

Works to develop heliport 
Route 128. 

s along 

purchase of 
is contingent 
meeting the 

asmuch as British European Air- 
ways Was. sufficiently impressed 
performance to 
a fleet of 6 with options 
more. British 

for 20 

|Airways intends to use the hy- 

| English 

brid aircraft in London airport- 
‘to-city connections, domestic 
intercity, and _  cross- 

‘Channel air services. 

| | It is indicated that 
Ability of this aircraft to per- 

the Roto- 
dyne will have a noise problem 
inasmuch as its take-off in heli- 
copter manner is accomplished 
With smal] jets at the .top of 
each of its four rotor blades. 
The two main turbines which 
drive the propellers for forward 

European | 

speed also 
air to the jet 

supply compressed 
rotor tips. The 
company said that it was con- 
fident that suppressors now 
under development will cut 
noise to tolerable levels. 

It was disclosed that the initial 
version of the Rotodyne has 
made more than 165 successful 
flights in both configurations 
and with full load, 

While NYA placed its 
order with Fairey and 
aircraft will be built in England. 
the joint announcement 
Fairey and Kaman 
Bloomfield, Conn.., 
New Engl 



Said that the 
and helicopter manu- 
will take on direct lLial- 
service engineering, spare 
parts, and other support func- 
tions for the New York Aljir- 
ways fleet under its role as sole 
licensee for Fairey tn the United 

Smith Gets $500, 000 Gift 

By a Staff Writer of 
The Christian Science Monitor 

main anonymous have given 
Smith College a gift of $500,000. | 
The sum is to be applied to “the 
fund for the new 
‘building which we hope will be. 

in honor of _heryer a 
‘Benjamin F. Wright,” they stip- 
| ulated. 

In providing faculty offices, 
‘rooms for seminars and small 
| classes, a foreign-language labo- 
‘ratory, and a social-science re- 
isearch center, the new building 
will relieve severe overcrowding 
‘caused by the shortage of faculty 
loffices and by the increase in 
undergraduate seminars. | 

Dr. Wright has 


Two alumnae who wish to re- | 

academic | ‘Calif. 

Education Roundup 

next year at the Center for; 

Iron Curtain. 
| tion 

is secheduled to visit Har- 

initial | 

ot | 

i Young 


The Soviet delega- | 

ivard in the spring to complete | 

details for the exchange, Under 

Advanced Study in the Behav- basic machinery set up by the 

ioral Sciences at Stanford, 

‘Loyalty Oath Clause Hit 

By Amherst Faculty 

Unanimous disapproval of the 
disclaimer or loyalty oath re- 
quired by the National Defense | 
Education Act has been voted by | 
the faculty of Amherst College. 
In addition, the. faculty has 
recommended to the _ college) 
‘trustees that the college accept 

end including the 


Lacey-Zaroubin agreement, the 
program will include men up to 
faculty level. 

Members of the touring Har- 
vard faculty were Merle Fain- 
sod, Wassily W. Leontief, Albert 
B. Lord, Richard. E. Pipes, and 
John H. Van Vieck. 

‘Priest Lauds Goals 
Of Church Education 

Secular education will be sur- 
‘passed by Roman Catholic edu- 

| no additional federal loan funds cation because the latter knows 

resigned, | until the controversial clause is | 

effective June 30, to carry on | removed from the act's provisos. 

study, research, 

Army to Cut Back 

By a Staff Writer of 
The Christian Science Monitor 

Pointing to a substantial re- 
duction in military construction | 
work, the New England Division | 
office, United States Army Corps 
of Engineers today announced a 
manpower reduction that would 
affect 78 employees over the 
next several weeks. 

Moreover, as military con- 
struction work tapers off from 
the nearly 500 million dollars in 
Army and Air Force missile and 
base ” racilities built since 1950, 

indicated that 

ew rhe engineer 
{Ys may reault in 

itional layo 

e future 
the present reduction ‘will in- 
45 persons at the Waltham 
of the Engineer Corps, 
land 33 others at field projects 
tape et the six 
y magland sta 

N.E. Work Force 

| Brig. Gen. Alden K. Sibley, di- | 

wr tl Ema Leningrad Exchange 

‘With Harvard Looms 

A possible. exchange program priest said secular 

“where is it going,” according 
to a forecast by the Rev. 

‘+ C, Mackin, 
| Speaking to an alumni’ group 
‘at Providence, R.I1., the Jesuit 

‘between Harvard University and | those not affiliated with a chureh 

the . University of 

‘returned to Cambridge, Mass., 

Leningrad | group, 
| looms as five Harvard professors | of 

are confused, 
education’s goal, 
minded and “afr aid 

too open- 
to make 

“after a short visit behind the value judgments.” 



To Tue Cuaistisn Science Monrror: 
Sometimes.we hardly realize. 
what we have ‘until we lose it. 
nd we have the Charles River 
OSM, , is 
Shall we let buildings cover | 
40 acres of this stretch of open 
water, marching halfway age 
it, closing it in, ruin the ch 
drens’ sailing, shrin ing ‘iia 
public resource for us all? 
House Bill 319 would allow, 
just that. Anyone interested 

Imay go to the hearing atthe 

New England | Appeal to Save 

Charles River 

“1 State House, in the Gardner | 

Auditorium, on ~ Wednesday; 
March 11 at 10 a.m., where the' 

Committee on Cities. Many peo- 
ple are, writing to their repre- 

It is a privilege to help pre- 
serve this priceless asset for our 
cities and for the Common- 
, wealth—the Charles River basin 
belon s to the public! - | 
‘harlotte B. Richardson 
Cambridge, Mass. ~ 

ian Science Monitor 

slumps | Laate encounter last night. The 

final outcome was decided in the | 

shooting department with the 
locals’ steady barrage of 43 shots 
on net to 30 for Toronto, 
spelling Leafs’ downfall. By 
stopping all but three of these 
shots Harry Lumley — back in 
action alter 
day night game 
one loss (to Teronto, 2- 
this season) and one tie in five 

with Toronto— 

finally | 

missing the Satur- | 

record of three wins, | 
1 earlier | 

He even had a shutout} 

istring of 130 minutes, 28 seconds | 

going for him until Ron Stewart | 
banged in his 20th marker mide} 
way through the second period. | 


Perked Up 

That goal, incidentally, 
up the locals a bit 
two of their own 
the Leafs fashioned another 
Gerry Ehman to Knot the count 
at two-all. McKenney than 
scored his second of the 
and Doug Mohns netted his fifth 
of the year to give Boston its 
27th victory in 64 games. It 
enabled. the Bruins to retain 
their one-point margin. over 
fourth-place New York. 

perked | 
and ‘they | 
while | 
by | 

night | 

Rangers defeated Chicago on 

television Saturday afternoon, 
6-1, and followed that up with 
a 4-2 decision over the 
Wings the Bruins split a 
home-and-home series with the 
Leafs. Toronto took the Satur- 
day encounter 4-1, 

Canadiens, copping their third 
straight NHL title, routed De- 
troit 10-2 
back to take the 
Chicago last night, 2-1, in a hard | 
fought game. 





to excellen 

on Saturday and came) 
measure of | 

7 . ' 
Briefs: Bruins have their next 

three games at 
York. Thursday, 
day afternoon and Montreal 
Sunday Atter that come two 
games on the road with Rangers 
and Canadiens, 
wrap-up here 
Hawks, Sunday 

Detroit Satur- 

with the 

March 22 
hockey team 
up in second place in 
League race Saturday 
tying Yale 5-5 in overtime at 
New Haven... Amherst, 
by Bruce Hutchinson’s two goals, 
easily defeated. Williams, 5-1, 

Be pe 

the Ivy 
night by 

Chicago has now 
straight and their 
position which se¢med so secure | 

lost three | 

a week ago has dwindled to only | 

two points 


over Boston 
Keenan, a 
for the Toronto St. 
Majors of 

major league 
ton nets, Saturday, 
good game 
of experience, 

College Basketball 
Results March 7 

By the Associated Press 

Major Tournaments and Playoffs 
Atlantic Coast Tourney 

N.C. State 80. North Carolina 56. 
Ivy League Tithe Playoff 
Dartmouth 69. Princeton 68 
Mid-American Title Playoff 
Bowling Green 76, Miami ‘Onhio) 63. 
Border Conference Playoffs 


and played 
despite his lack 


before the season | 

| snow 

paced | 


runner-up | 

Mi- |} 
the Ontario! 
his | 
debut in the Bos- | 



| Boston 


New Mexico State 65, Texas Western | 

48 (‘State qualified to meet Arizona State 
University, Monday for title). 
NCAA Playoff for Midwest Regional 
DePaul! 57, Portland 56. 
NCAA Small College Tourney 
(Second Reund) 
Hope 81 


Wheaton 76. 

Michaels «Vt.) 71, Lemoyne (N_Y.) 

| 70 



Francis | 
S.J., of Boston Col- 

bill will be before the Joint | 

American Univ. 66. Hofstra 65 
South Dakota. State 106. Knox 860. 
Los Angeles State 86. Chapman 82, 
oe Carolina A&T 98, Fiorida A&M | 
‘Southwest Missouri 75. Centenary 62. 
Regional Consolations 
Abilene Christian 83, 
81 ‘two overtimes) 
Wartburg 69, Augustana (1l).) 
Lineoln iMo.) 88, Tuskegee 64. 
Wabash 100, Loras 79. 
tf 69. Wesleyan 61. 
Buffalo 78. Williams 53 
Willamette 76, Sacramento State 
District 14 NAIA Playoff 
Platteville 88 -Milton 59 
Major Conferences 


a Ten 
Michigan State 64, Iowa 74 
Northwestern 84, tilinoia Bl. 
Indiana 97, Wisconsin 7) 
Michigan 68, Minnesota 66, 
Purdue 93, Ohio State 87, 
issourt Valley 
Bradiey 84, Cincinnati 66. 
Wichita 61, Tulsa 60 

re Right 
Kansas State 108, Missourt 69. 

Okia. State 66. Colorado 51. 

Pacific Coast 

California 55. Ore on State 52. 

Southern Calif. Washington 74 

Washington ag i, Oregon 63. 

Utah 68, Colo. Biate “univ. 61. 

fer 71. 

Piet Mexico 62. 

Santa Clara 70. “hein Francisco 64, 
Rocky Mow 

oc ntain 
Colo, State College 99, Western Colo. 6§ 
Adams State 76, ene. College 76. 

Rhode Island 

Brigham Young | 92 
5, Br wn 68 (overtime). 

Manhattan "3, 

rt osephs (Pa.) Bekisebive 66. 




| Milwaukee 

Western Illinois | 

66 | 



| Baltimore 


How Top 10 Teams 
Did in Basketball 

By the Associated Press 

Here’s how the top 10 teams 
in the Associated Press col- 
lege basketball poll did last 
week: won-lost records, in- 
cluding Saturday, March 7, in 

1. Kentucky (23-2), did not 



Kansas State (23-1), beat 
Missouri 108-69, 

3. Cincinnati (22-3), 
North Texas 95-64, 
Bradley 84-66. 

4. Mississippi State (24-1), 
Season ended. 

5. North Carolina (20-4), 
beat Clemson 93-69, beat Duke 
74-71, lost to N.C, State 80-56. 

6. Michigan State (18-3), 
beat Wisconsin 93-73, beat 
Iowa 84-74, 

7. Auburn 

8. West Virginia (25-4) 
not play. 

9. Bradley (23-3), heat 
Houston 74-60, beat Cincinnati 

10. N.C. State (22-4), beat 
South Carolina 75-72 in over- 
time, beat Virginia 66-63, beat 
North Carolina 80-56. 

‘ . 7 * 
Ski Conditions 
By the Associated Press 
The New England ski bulletin 
New Hampshire 
Franconia, (Cannon Mt.) 6 to 47. 
upper, good lower 
Pranconia, ‘(Mittersill) 16 to 30, good | 
upper, good to excellent lower 
Jackson, Black Mt. 14 to 41. 
Laconia eemnae Area) 

lost to 

(20-2), season 

, did 


Lyme, feacteneuth Skiway 4 to 14, good | 
to excellent 

Newhwtry, Mt. Sunapee 6 to 30, good to 

North Conway (Cranmore) 25 to 49. | 
| food 

Pinkham Notch ‘Wildcat) 22 to 
| eced upper. good to excellent lower. 

Waterville Valley 12 to 42. 

West Ossipee, Mt. Whittier 22 to 33. 

| excellent. 

New | 

Bridgton meemant 
to excellent 

excellent lower 
Vermont * 

Barre 27 to 39. excellent 
Brattieboro ‘(Hogback) 

Heartwellville (Dutch 

good to excellent 

1. taal ‘Okemo Mt.) 
L eee lile 

32 to 48, good) 


16 to 33, 

to ex- 
i2 to 36. excel- 
Mt.) 40 to 66, 
16 to 30, 
62 to 83, ex- | 
(Pico Peak) 

good to excellent 
North Troy iJay 
to excellent 
Stowe ‘Mt. Mansfield) 50 to 72. good | 
skiing excellent 

Manchester «Big Bromley) 
good to excellent, 
Sherburne (Killington Basin) 26 to 56, 
to excéllent 
Waitsfield ‘(Mad River Glen) 55 to 75. 
Warren (Sugarbush Valley) excellent. 
Vest Dover (Mt. Snow) 25 to 54 ex- 
Woodstock (Suicide Six! 3 to 30, good 

Pittsfield (Bousquets) 6 to 30, good to | 


West Cummington ‘Berkshire Snow | 
Basin’ 8 to 12, good to excellent, 

Bureau forecast snow today and to- | 
night principally over southern areas of 
New Hampshire, Maine and Vermont. 
Snow ending Tuesday morning followed 
by clearing and little change in tempera- 

Exhibition Baseball 

By the Associated Press 
American League 
fon L 

New York 

Kansas City 

National League 

Wop Lost. 

Anegecles..:... 3 | 

i fan Frangisco 

St. Louis 

oo393 Oe tw 

| Philadelphia 

Results March 7 
New York 6. St. Louls 3 
Cincinnati 4. Chicago (A) 3. 
Los Angeles 2, Philadeiphia 1, 
Pittsburgh 6 Milwaukee 4 
Baltimore 8. Kansas City 6, 
Detroit 8 Washington 5. 
Boston 5, Chicago (N} 2. 
San Francisco 13. Cleveland 190. 

Results March 
New York 4. St. Louis 3 111 inn), 
Washington 8 Detroit 7 (11 inn.) 
Baliimore 3. Kansas City 2 114 inn.), 
Pitteburgh 2, Milwaukee 1 
Chicago (A) 5. Cineimnati 2. 
Los Angcies 4. Philedeiphia 3, 
Cleveland 3. San Fratcisco 2. 
Poston 12. Chicago (N) 8 

Tuesday's Schedule “ 
Cincinnati City at West 
Palm Bea 

Philadelphie vs, Chicego (A) at Tampa. 
t. Louis vs. Pittsburgh at Ft. Myers. 
Milwaukee vs. New York at St. Peters- 


Los Ange'es vs. Detroit at Lakeland. 
Chicago (N) vs. Cleveland at Mesa. 
San Francisco vs. Boston at Phoenix. 

ers vs, Washington at Miami 

vs. Kansas 

National Hockey League 
(Games of March &) 
By the Associated Press 



American Hockey League 
(Games of March &) 
By the Associated Press 
Buffalo |..... 
Hershey ..... 
Cleveland . 
+ ne os. 
Providence ... 


~ | zona’s climate, perspir 
| tendency to dry too quickly, 

Mike Higgins. 

to 465, POR 

| pondered the problem of 
| whether to return to Arizona in 

| 1960 or confine it to a one-year | 

| move, they .were assured of the 
| vote of their big left fielder. “I 
like it.a lot better than I thought 
'I would,” Williams told me prior 
to yesterday’s 12-8 Red Sox vic- 
‘tory over the Chicago Cubs at 

Scottsdale Stadium. 

Players have said that in Ari- | 

ation has a 

| Williams has not been bothered. 

“It might give you a little) 
| trouble when it’s cold,” the vet- 
eran slugger said. “But when i 

stays aS warm as we've had it) ©VeTy 

most of the time, I like it fine. 
i I’ve felt real good here.” 

| Not Ready Yet 

| ‘Ted paused for a moment then) 
‘added with a smile: “The peo- 

'ple here are on my side, too.” | 

| However, it was apparent that it | 

i'may take more than a Williams ' 
| vote to keep the Red Sox at least | 

another spring. General Man- 
_ager Bucky Harris is not yet) 
ready to speak officially for the| 
| club. 

| view, you have to like it. “Every | 

| day is perfect,” said Manager | 
“Lots of sun and 

no wind, It’s ideal, but what the | 
club is not satisfied with is the) 
| financial arrangement and it may 
| be this fact which will in the end 

imake the decision. Scottsdale 
| has given Harris an April 15 
| deadline. 

There were 5,612 on hand at 
Mesa as the Sox won this Cactus 
League opener from the Chicago 
Cubs on Saturday, 5-2, but the 
$3,500 check picked up by the 
visiting team went to the town 
of Scottsdale. Some 4,327 paid 
here yesterday, but it is unlikely 
the Sox will share in that good 

Largest Gates 

Boston has a $15,000 guaran-| 

| tee for coming here and a prom- 


more to house and feed its play=- 
ers here than it did in Sarasota. 

Meanwhile, the hitting star of 
the Red Sox sweep of the series 
the Cubs was Marty 
Keough, who homered on Satur- 
day as a late-inning replacement , 
for Jackie Jensen, then added ™ 
two singles and two walks yes= ~ 




t| moment 




Though three of the four 
‘center-field candidates have been 

but | making news since the two in-~ 

trasquad games last week, with 
Gene Stephens and Gary Geiger 
also hitting often, Keough at the~ 
has overshadowed ° 
body at the plate. 

Surprising Power “ 

Going back to an intrasquad 
game, Marty had two homers, - 
two singles and two walks in his 
last seven trips until he flied 
deep to right field on his final 
‘try yesterday. 

He has come up with surpris- 
ing power this spring and if it 
continues, Higgins will have. 

‘found his man by opening day. 

From a conditioning point of 

| But, of course, that is still a 
‘month away. ‘ 
Keough, though, looks like 
much more of a ball player all- 
around than when he hit a mere 
.220 in 68 American League en- 

'gagements a year ago. There” 



never has been any question 
about this fielding. 

Higgins should get a clearer 
picture of his pitchers here. The - 
outfield fences are shorter and a 
much better target for the hite 
ters than Payne Park, Sarasota. 

Ted Wills pitched three score- 
less innings on Saturday and ° 
Mike Fornieles had one yester- > 
day. But the others — Wall, 
Casale, Sullivan, Bowsfield and 
Sisler—were all scored on. Sisler 
was wild and disappointing yes- 

This was an open date for the 
Red Sox, although they worked 
out. They meet the San Fran- 
cisco Giants and Willie Mays at 
'Phoenix tomorrow afternoon. _ 

Weekend Sports Briets 

By the Associated Press 

Track and Field 
New York 
Ron Delany of Villanova 



shat- | 

Canada won the Lapham Cup 

tered his own world indoor mile |Squash Racquets Singles Team 

irecord with a 4:01.4 clocking | Championship, soe 
fair and Al Lawrence, an Australian | United States 10-5. In doubles 


‘representing the University of |Play the U.S. beat Canada 4-3 
| Houston, recorded a 8:41.8 world |to win the Grant Trophy, sym- 
|record for two miles to highlight | i of world amateur team 

| Melbourne, Australia 

| World mile record-holder 
‘Herb Elliott of Australia won 

‘Bowden finished fourth. Bowden | 
|'was timed in 4:09.5. Australian | 
'Merve Lincoln was second in 

Mt.) 15 to 34, good | /4:05.5, and John Murry of Aus- | 

‘tralia ran third in 4:06.9. 

| Philadelphia 
| Jack Berry of Merchantville, 
iN.J., won the Middle Atlantic | 
‘AAU 30- kilometer champion- 
| ship in the record time of one | 
/ hour, 
'onds. The 30-kilometer cross- 
country race is equal to 18) 
| ee. 
Madison, Wis. 

Michigan swept to the Big 
Ten Indoor Track Phainebeae | 
ship by piling up 56 points 
| through 13 of the 15 events on | 
ithe program while Illinois 
lagged with 48. 


New Orleans 


'Calif., shot a third-round par 72 

39 minutes and 57 sec-' 


_ ithe invitation mile at Olympic | Squash Rackets 
” | Park in 4:04.1 as Californian Don | Pritnations, 




for a 54+hole total of 209 to| 
|take a one-stroke lead iff the’ 

$20,000 New Orleans Open. 

Jacksonville, Fla. 
Mickey Wright of San Diego, 
Calif., gained her third victory 
in the Jacksonville Women’s 
Open with a 72-hole total of 

| 286. 

Auto Racing 

-| Pomona, Calif. 

Ken Miles, driving a Porsche | 
| Spyder won the 150-mile Inter-.) 
national Grand Prix in a race | 
‘marred by a crackup that in- | 

| jured four. 

| Basketball 
Madison, Wis. 

Bud Foster resigned as bas- | 
‘ketball coach at the University | 

‘of Wisconsin after 25 years of | 
| service, 
| Skiing 
Arne Hoel and Sverre Stener- 
isen gave Norway a double tri- 
umph in the Hollmekollen Ski 
Festival by winning the special 
jumping and Nordic combined | 
Aspen, Colo. 
Buddy Werner, in the great- 
est year of his career, flashed 
down a two-mile course to win 
| the downhill event and the Roch 


left a field of 67 top skiers from 
two continents in his wake. 
Linda Meyers of Mammoth 
Mountain, Calif., won the Bing- 
ham Trophy by a fractional 
margin over Beverly Anderson 

s. The 22-year-old , 

Revelstoke, B.C. 
Kalevi Karkinen of Finland 
twice cracked a distance ski) 


Iron Mountain, Mich. 
Jacques Charland, Canadian 
ski saavtolen. had jumps of 300 
and 311 feet to take first place 
pK International Ski Jump- 

points to win the two-da 
velstoke Tournament of 


of Mullan, Idaho, the defending 

jumping record and piled up 488 | 



Cup in the National Alpine Ski | 
prings, Colo., ace i} MON. eve— MAR. 9 

20 to 28, good | the Knights of Columbus games. 1 aurels, 

Princeton, N-.J. 
Princeton’s Steve Vehslage de- 
feated Sam Howe of Yale to win 
the National Intercollegiate 
Tournament at 

East Lansing, Mich. 

Power-packed Michigan ree 
peated as Big Ten Swimming 
Champion today, piling up a 
record-breaking point total and 
fords behind a trail of broken 

Galesburg, Ill. 

Favored Cornell, grabbing six 
of nine divisional titles, success- 
fully defended its Midwest Cone . 
ference Wrestling Championship, 

Los Angeles 
The MHalsingborg, Sweden, 
soccer team humbled the Los 
Angeles All-Stars 6-0 before a 
crowd of 4,500. 

Daytona Beach, Fla. 
Brad Andres from San Diego 
won the 200-mile Daytona Beach 
expert motorcycle race with 

average speed of 98.70 mil 
Gene Littler of Singing Hills, | h ge sp mies per 


West Palm Beach, Fila. 
Pitcher Ned Garver and in- 
fielder Hector Lopez arrived at 
the Kansas City Athletics traine- 
ing camp and signed their con- 
tracts, completing the club’s 

Hockey at a Glance 
By the Associated Press 

Results March 8 
New York 4. “aks 
Boston 4, Toronto 3. 
Montreal 2, Chicago 1. 
merican League 
Buffalo 3, Hershey 2. 
Cleveiand 4, Providence 1. 
Rochester 2 Sprin eld 1, 
stern ague 
Johnstown °. Chariotte 4. 
Washington 6, New Haven 8. 
International Lea 
Fort Wayne 4. Loulevilie 5 Cevertime), 
Toledo 6. Troy 5 (overtime), ; 
Results March 7 
ational ue 
New York 7 Chica “os 
Montreal 10, Detroit 2, 
Toronto 4. Boston 
Amerieas League 
Buffalo 4, Providence 3, 
Rochester 3, Hershe 
Springfield 11, Cleveland 1, 
Eastern League 
Washington 9. Johnatewn 
Clinton 8, Pa cipe os. . 
International League 
Louisville 4, Indianapolis 4 (overtime 

Toledo 6, Troy 3. 


8 PM. 


$1.50 - $2.50 - $3.00 - $3.75 Tox Ine. 

- Tues. Eve., Mar. 10—6:30 
— 8:30 

With GLOBE Stilt” Chamberlain 

$2.00 + 9.00 - 4.00 - 8.00 Tax Incl, 


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$s =e 4 s 5 ea ee i : * 
. . 
“ ’ 

Registered in U.S. Patent Office * 


MARCH 9, 1959 


Parodies Enow 

Tuert is a little parody in all of us. Or 
so I'd like to believe in these days when 
so many take so much so seriously. Not 
that we should play the ukelele while the 
Middle East smolders; callous frivolity is 
passé. But we are only half living our 
human lives if we fail to enjoy the humor- 
ous side. Sarah laughed; why shouldn’t we? 

Some of us do, The other day on a 
- Cambridge-to-Boston bus a gaggle of 
schoolgirls imitated a teacher’s use of 
words in an impromptu parody that 
spiraled to a point of such hilarious exag- 
geration that the girls became an island 
surrounded by the smiles of strangers. 
(They were only slightly unnerved to dis- 
cover that the teacher was on the same 

Such a performance, as distinguished 
from a written parody, might be called a 
burlesque. In fact, such words as parody, 
burlesque, travesty, spoof, and lampoon 
have come to be used almost interchange- 
ably, though they possess different shades 
of meaning. 

Jack Benny’s television version of the 
movie Gaslight may have been a spoof, 
lampoon, or burlesque. But it involved 
imitation, which is the essence of parody. 
So parodists may shudder over the five- 
year legal battle Mr. Benny went through 
to get his show before the public. It may 
or may not be comforting to know that 
the movie-studio plaintiffs apparently 
didn’t mind the joke so long as they got 
the money. 

| ee ae 

The element of imitation in parody has 
not always been for laughs. In the 18th 
century Pope’s serious imitations of 
Horace were called parodies, though his 
mock-heroic Rape of the Lock is closer to 
today’s concept of the word. 

But parody primarily means imitation 
-with a humorous emphasis on the more 

fioticeable characteristics of the style be-' 

ing parodied. Perhaps we can’t all claim 
to have written parody, but who has for- 
ever resisted the temptation to imitate the 
manner of speaking of a public figure or a 
friend, with possibly a slight exaggeration 
of the flowery phrases that make Senator 
Jones Senator Jones or of the habitual 
understatement that makes Sam Sam? 

Instead of taking offense, Senator Jones 
and Sam might feel flattered at this recog- 
nition of their individuality. The style 
that does not attract parody may be no 
style at all. Edith Wharton wrote that she 
“always regarded the fact of being par- 
odied as one of the surest evidences of 

Swinburne was another who didn’t mind 
parody, which may have been fortunate 
in a man with a style like his. He once 
. parodied himself deliberately. 

In France, Racine is known to have re- 
sponded with good grace to irreverent 
imitation. Voltaire, however, did not, 

* Se Re 

Matthew Arnold called parody “a vile 
art.” Wordsworth and Browning seemed 
to agree. But when Christabel was par- 
odied Coleridge considered it. a compli- 
ment. Scott is said to have enjoyed the 
burlesques of his works. 

Somehow one feels slightly warmer to- 
ward the authors who have suffered par- 
odies gladly. In some cases, of course, the 
votaries of an author are touchier than 
the author himself. Woe to the writer 
who takes a line of such an author in vain. 

Even to the parodist, however, some 

Look Sharp 

“Felicia?” the garage man said, 
“It’s less than fifteen miles ahead. 
You must look sharp, off to your right. 
The smallest village in the state— 
In less than half a wink you might 
Pass by. I guess the prettiest too— 
Old-fashioned houses kept like new. 
They say inside quite up to date. 
And flowers—stop and have a look— 
As bright as in a picture book. 
I’ve never seen so many bloom 
In gardens with so little room.” 

Felicia was a place that we 

Had had a long desire to see. 

We thanked the man and said good day. 

Although the hour was somewhat late, 

The highway tempted us to speed 

More rapidly than there was need. 

We reached a crossroads by and by 

And here a signpost caught our eye. 

It pointed back along our way; 
“Felicia”—what?—‘“3 miles,” we read. 

It must remain unvisited. 

No time for our returning then, 

Nor would we come this way again. 


things rightly remain sacred. This is ho 
time to return to the Biblical parodies of 
the Middle Ages. But the more other things 
are added to the prohibited list the worse 
for reader and writer alike. 

After all, some of our best authors have 
been parodists. Shakespeare, for example. 
But for such incidental parody as the 
scenes of “pastoral romance” in As You 
Like It, he has been repaid a thousandfold 
from pens as sharp as that of A. P. Her- 
bert, in Two Gentlemen of Soho and as 
blunt as that of Anonymous in The Bach- 
elor’s Soliloquy— 

To wed, or not to wed? That is the 

Whether ’t is nobler in the mind to 

The pangs and arrows of outrageous 

Or to take arms against the powerful 

And by oppressing quench it. 

But Shakespeare was not the first to use 
parody. In ancient Greece Aristophanes 
parodied Aeschylus and Euripides in The 
Frogs. Chaucer parodied the chivalric ro- 
mance in Sir Thopas, the unfinished tale 
of a-“doghty swayne” who had, among 
other knightly assets, “a semely nose.” 
The parodied knight can be traced through 
Don Quixote, Hudibras, and other works 
down to the White Knight in Through the 
Looking Glass and to Stephen Leacock’s 
Guido the Gimlet (“It was in the flood- 
tide of chivalry. Knighthood was in the 
pod”) with the heroine Isolde the Slen- 
der (“She was as graceful as a meridian 
of longitude’”’). 

Nursery rhymes have also been targets 
of parody; and of its cousin, travesty, 
which seeks humor not through imitating 
style but through altering style while re- 
taining subject matter. Both Coleridge and 
Pope had a shot at travestying The House 
That Jack Built. 

Strict parody, on the other hand, retains 
the style while altering the subject matter, 
as in these 18th-century lines mocking 
the majesty of Paradise Lost: 

The cocoa swells on high 

With milky riches—and in horrid mail 

The crisp banana wraps its poignant 

But parody is a big room. It gives space 
to varying mixtures. It welcomes Shelley’s 
parody of Wordsworth, and Lamb’s of De 
Quincey (which, Lamb-like, was not writ- 
ten until De Quincey’s permission had 
been asked). It even includes The Vicar 
of Wakefield for those who see it as a kind 
of domestic parody of the Book of Job. 

Politics occasionally breaks in, with 
parody needling the style and satire the 
substance. The anti-Jacobin parodies 
mocking the New Thought and New Mo- 
rality of the latter 18th century in Eng- 
land are given credit for “having ma- 
terially helped to stem the rising tide of 
revolutionary feeling.” The quote is from 
George Kitchin’s A Survey of Burlesque 
and Parody in English, which gives a 
broad history of the subject. 

Speaking of history, historical writing 
has also been parodied in Anatole France’s 
Penguin Island, for example, and W. C. 
Sellar’s and R. J. Yeatman’s 1066 and All 
That. These remind us that, though parody 
often comments on a single author, even 
a single work, it can also tease the ab- 
surdities in whole schools of writing. 

* A Ree 

Savoyards know what W. S. Gilbert did 
to pre-Raphaelite poetry in Patience. The 
earthy, overwritten novel of rural life and 
erotic impulse was perhaps frozen for all 
time in Stella Gibbons’ Cold Comfort 
Farm, which has had 17 printings since 
1932. And certainly the routine opera 
synopsis deserves Robert Benchley’s Opera 
Synopses (in The Benchley Roundup), in- 
cluding the one on Die Meister-Genos- 
senschaft, based on “an old legend of Ger- 
many which tells how the Whale got his 

Max Beerbohm could spoof at least two 
genres of novel in Zuleika Dobson and 
then turn to the most precise dissection 
of one author’s style, as in his syntactical 
sortie on Henry James, beginning: “It 
was with the sense of a, for him, very 
memorable something that he peered now 

_ into the immediate future, and tried, not 

without compunction, to take that period 
up where he had, prospectively, left it.” 
* TA eae 

Jane Austen’s Northanger Abbey recalls 
two of Mrs. Radcliffe’s “terror” novels— 
recalls them to people who have read 
them, that is—in a parody more imitative 
of situation than of style. Thackeray’s 


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parody of crime fiction in Catherine has 
been followed by G. K, Chesterton’s The 
Man Who Was Thursday and a number of 
shorter variations. For example, in Alarms 
and Diversions, James Thurber offers The 
White Rabbit Caper, a story for children 
(which is hot a story for children) as it 
might have been written by radio mystery 
writers. In Please Don’t Eat the Daisies, 
a humor collection which proves that the 
inclusion of parodies does not keep a book 
from becoming a best seller, Jean Kerr 
does a double parody, nipping both the 
“reading” type of stage performance and 
the Mickey Spillane type of thriller by 
presenting the latter in the style of the 
ae Seg 

Multiple parody occurs on a large scale 
in James Joyce’s Ulysses, with its passages 
imitating literary styles of the past. S. J. 
Perelman does a roughly similar job on 
the varieties of 20th-century ‘magazine 
writing and advertising in a four-page 
tour de foree in The Most of S. J. Perel- 

The New England novelist J. P. Mar- 
quand is parodied in both Mr. Perelman’s 
book (“One of my first distinct recollec- 
tions is of watching the men burn leaves 
under the giant elms and my momentary 
surprise when I found that they were not 
leaves but old banknotes. I felt then, with 
the kind of intuition children alone know, 
that my lot would be different from that 
of my fellows”) and in More in Sorrow, 
the last collection by The New Yorker's 
late Wolcott Gibbs (“Outside my window 
the river lay opalescent in the twilight, 
but for a moment I saw it as a dark and 
relentless torrent bearing me on into the 
unknowable future, and I shuddered, I 
didn’t want to get married; I just wanted 
to go back to Harvard”). 

Mr. Gibbs, whose parodistic accuracy 
has probably never been surpassed, once 
wrote that a parody should be so close to 
the key of the original that a critic, hear- 
ing passages from both, might be gen- 
uinely confused. This high order of parody 
goes beyond amusement toward Swift's 
purpose in parodying writers whom he 
“has a mind to expose.” According to Mr. 
Gibbs, parody should offer some criticism 
of what the author says as well as his way 
of saying it. In Point Counter Point Aldous 
Huxley has a character recognize himself 
exaggerated in another character and take 
it as a warning: “Parodies and caricatures 
are the most penetrating of criticisms.” 

' aie oR 

The parodies of each age form a body 
of informal criticism for later periods to 
consult. In America the first half of the 
20th century appeared as rich in parody 
as the Victorian age in England. Despite 
such havens as. The New Yorker and 
Punch, less. parody seems to be getting 
written now, though many comic efforts on 
television are in the allied but not so subtle 
realm of burlesque, Among undergradu- 
ate humor magazines, which have always 
found parody congenial, the Jester of Co- 
lumbia last fall presented not a new 
parody of The Saturday. Review but a re- 
peat of their editorial pages of The Sani- 
tary Review first published in 1956. 

A parody can be destructive, but parody 
as a whole is a constructive, perhaps even 
conservative, force, Parodists are espe- 
cially sensitive to romantic excesses, espe- 
cially appreciative of common sense. They 
are wary of new styles. They put them 
to the test. Parody has never killed a 
style that deserved to survive; 

Mr, Kitchin, whose book was published 
in 1931, wrote that the best parody in 
English was Catherine Fanshaw’s on 

There is a river clear and fair 

*Tis neither broad nor narrow; 

It winds a little here and there 

It winds about like any hare, 

And then it holds as straight a course 
As, on the turn-pike road, a horse, 
Or through the air, an arrow. 

Here is quiet delight. Here 
criticism of Wordsworth’s 

But there are new targets today. Parody 
depends on people who know them, who 
know what is being imitated. If parodists 
are lying low for the moment it may be 
because they think no one is reading the 

is amiable 

Rop Norpe.. 

By Courtesy of the Kraushaar Galleries, New York 

A Welded Steel Sculpture by Tom Hardy 

ON THIS page are reproduced two sculp- 
tures of the twentieth century. The water 
buffalo head, nine inches high, shown 
below, is molded from clay, the work of 
a native of Ghana, Africa. In recent years 
much interest has been stimulated in the 
Western world by primitive arts in Africa, 
in the South Pacific, and in the Americas. 
Scholars are making extensive studies, 
differentiating between the respective 
styles of different countries, different na- 
tions, and indeed, different provinces. We 
know that modern painters and sculptors 
of Europe and America have intentionally 
borrowed ideas of design and expression 
from primitive sources. 

Tom Hardy is an American sculptor who 
has produced a number of portrayals of 
animals. “Yak” was made by Mr. Hardy 
of welded steel. Without the horns it is 
twenty-four inches high. 

Mr. Hardy is a rancher as well as an 
artist, and some of his models are animals 
on his ranch in Oregon. This sculptor be- 
gins by studying directly from nature. 
“Sometimes I cut patterns of heavy paper, 
especially if working with sheet metal; 
then ... transfer the patterns to the 
metal. ... The design is constantly modi- 
fied as the metal has its say.” Mr. Hardy 
cuts, bends or forges the metal, trying to 
adapt the form to the peculiar texture of 
the material. He. does not favor machined 
edges and surfaces and so he leaves the 
beaded edges of the steel caused by the 
torch, He tells us he has worked with 
sheet rod and wire steel, scrap and sheet 
copper, sheet and rod brass, and silver, 
His favorite media are copper and silver, 

In some ways the head by Tom Hardy 
is More primitive than the water buffalo 
head from Ghana. The latter is smooth 
and curvilinear. Its simple organization is 
not necessarily primitive. 

Dorotuy ADLOW 

To Joshua 

Tell me your secret now. Tell me. 
Talk about Jericho, simply. 

Teach me to take a closed city 

by joy, by ta-ra of trumpets. 

I, who have never fought, never 
known the cold cutlass, nor carried 
comrades back through the lines, nor held 
hunger or heartsickness—I, now 
facing such selfsame walls, facing 
buttressed resistance, blind, bitter 
sand-builded ramparts, pharaohic 
hate’s sun ablaze to parch, sap me 
(but my ear readied so)—ask you, 


The Known God 

Written for The Christian Science Monitor 

Do not many still erect in their 
hearts altars to an unknown god rather 
than to the eternal Father, divine Life, 
Truth, and Love? The Apostle Paul 
spoke forcibly in nebuke of such woar- 
ship when in Athens he saw an altar 
inscribed “TO THE UNKNOWN GOD” 
(Acts 17:23). 

Paul was deeply stirred by the im- 
plications of the inscription, revealing 
the idolatry of the time. He himself 
had progressed out of the’ bondage of 
ignorance of God and far along the line 
of spiritual enlightenment through the 
revelation of the living God presented 
clearly by Christ Jesus. Paul had ac- 
cepted gladly the task of heiping to 
spread the gospel of Christianity 
throughout the known world, teaching 
men to purify their hearts and lives 
and to worship. God as Spirit, Mind. 

So stirred was the apostle by the 
inscription, that he used it as the theme 
of a powerful address commonly known 
as the address on Mars’ Hill. To native 
Athenians and to strangers who 
thronged the city, then a center of 
philosophical research, Paul said, 
speaking of God (Acts 17:23-28): 
“Whom therefore ye ignorantly wor- 
ship, him declare I unto you. God that 
made the world and all things therein, 
seeing that he is Lord of heaven and 
earth, dwelleth not in temples made 
with hands; neither is worshipped with 
men’s hands, as though he needed any 
thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and 
breath, and all things; ... for in him 
we live, and move, and have our being; 
as certain also of your own poets have 
said, For we are also his offspring.” 

; See ae 

Christian Science, which was discov- 
ered and founded by Mary Baker Eddy, 
explains God as infinite Spirit, Life, 
and Love, as the Bible states. This 
religion emphasizes the important fact 
that good is not found in materiality; 
for God is Spirit, and His universe, 
including man, is spiritual, not ma- 

Faith in matter is the primal element 
of idolatry and includes. longing for 
material acquisition, looking to matter 
for either pleasure or pain, and either 
fearing or obeying the so-called laws 
of matter. Love of materiality is evi- 
dence of worshiping an unknown god, 
for matter cannot actually be known 
or understood since it is not substan- 
tial, not an entity, but the suppositi- 
tious absence of Spirit, God. 

A mistake cannot be known or un- 
derstood. A mistaken concept can and 
must be corrected by the truth if the 
fact involved is to be utilized. The 
concept of God as humanly circum- 
scribed, unknown, and unknowable is 
a mistaken concept. The true under- 
standing of God as Mind, Spirit, as the 
eternal Father, ever tenderly caring 
for His spiritual offspring, solves prob- 
lems and meets the human need. 

ag et 

Mrs. Eddy writes in 
Health with Key to the Scriptures” 
(p. 331); “The Scriptures ithply that 
God is All-in-all. From this it follows 
that nothing possesses reality nor ex- 
istence except the divine Mind and His 
ideas, The Scriptures also declare that 
God is Spirit. Therefore in Spirit all 
is harmony, and there can be no dis- 
cord; all is Life, and there is no*death. 
Everything in God’s universe expresses 

God made all, and there is no op- 
posite. He is the only cause and creator. 
Admitting this fact and maintaining 
the Christ, God’s perfect ideal, ever 
active in consciousness one experi- 
@&>es the establishment of health, 
pee, and peace, 

Nothing unlike good can be causa- 
tive. In explaining the nature of the 
creator, Mrs. Eddy gives the following 
definition (ibid., p. 583): “CREATOR. 
Spirit; Mind; intelligence; the animat- 
ing divine Principle of all that is real 
and good; self-existent Life, Truth, and 
Love; that which is perfect and eter- 

“Science and 

the opposite of matter and evil, 

By Courtesy of the Muses of ome Art, New York 

tieata rane BUFFALO'S Heap”: | Ceramic from Ghana, 20th Century 

which have no Principle; God, who 
made all that was made and could not 
create an atom or an element the oppo 
site of Himself.” 

With such a creator, where does evil 
come from? What causes fear, dis- 
ease, frustration, poverty, unhappi-e 
ness? These conditions are not actually 
caused, and, according to the Science 
of being, they do not actually exist. 
They have place only in a mistaken 
mortal concept or illusion; they are 
errors which disappear in the presence 
of Christ, Truth. 

eat sae US 

To have a known God is a vital need 
of humanity, a prerequisite of spiritual 
progress, which includes peace in indi- 
vidual experience and peace among 
men: and nations. No longer can men 
be satisfied with a blind faith in an 
unknown god. Thinkers demand proof, 
Christian Science, which is in accord 
with the Bible, especially the words 
and works of Christ Jesus, affords the 
proof of its teachings through the light 
thrown on the spiritual meaning of 

The search for an understanding of 
God is the underlying theme of the 
Bible. This theme is evident’ in the 
experiences of patriarch, prophet, 
Psalmist, and apostle. The life and 
works of Jesus are proof of his un- 
derstanding of God. The exchange of 
the concept of an unknown god for the 
spiritual understanding of the true na- 
ture of God and His universe, includ- 
ing man, brings peace, harmony, health, 
and spiritual joy. 

A Touch of Blue 

From this window I can look down 

On the neat pattern of the kitchen- 

I see a short man’s figure, bending there, 
in blue jeans. 

It is Mr. Judd, taking up the last of the 

Against the blue of jeans his hands and 
face look pink— 

Quite pleasant with the spot of silver 

That shows between his cap and collar. 

He is working along a row of something 
gray-green now 

(It could be broccoli or Brussels sprouts): 

And just behind him are the dark, wines 
colored leaves 

Of the tall beet chard. 

It was a good idea, to put the kitchene 
garden where it is. 

Its odd, contrasting colors are beautiful 
and striking 

Against the white paint of the small 

And looking at Mr. Judd’s blue jeans, I 

That I shall plant a row of good 

Along its path next summer. 


ow can 
I regain 
my strength? 




Your strength can be 
renewed—your weariness exchanged 
for rest and joyous activity—if you 
will seek prayerfully the truth con- 
tained in this great book, Science and 
Health with Key to the Scriptures 
by Mary Baker Eddy, 

Science and Health explains logi- 
cally that stmgth is a quality of God 
imparted to man. It is not dependent 

‘upon ‘bodily conditions, nor is it de- 
pleted by useful and dutiful activity, 
Countless Christian Scientists over a 
period of nearly one hundred years 
have proved this to be so, expressing 
in their own lives energy and vitality 
by obedience to the laws of God as re- 
vealed to them in this book, 

Find this out for yourself! Read, 
buy,* or borrow a copy of this book 
at the Christian Science Reading 
Room nearest you. There you can. 
read this book, together with the 
King James Version of the Bible, in 
an atmosphere of quiet and rest, 
‘There, too, you can borrow Science 
and Health without charge and take 
it home to read at your leisure, 


“=e ®Scfence and Health can be 
purchased in red, green, or 
blue binding for $3 at 
Christian Science Reading 
Rooms throughout the 
world, or it will be sent 
postpaid on receipt of check 
or money order by: | 

Cuarres Henny Gasarer, Publishers’ tia: pe 
One Norway er 2 Boston 15, Momeni» BS 

Second Section 




Ihe Faire aud the Now2. 

By ERWIN D. CANHAM, Editor of The Christian Science Monitor 

The Unpredictables in Form 

That unpredictable man, Nikita Khrush- 
chev, has invited Erich Ollenhauer, leader 
of West Germany's opposition Social Demo- 
cratic Party, to confer with him in East 
Berlin. And those unpredictable people, the 
Iragis, have staged what seems to be an 
anti-Communist military revolt in their oil- 
rich northern section. The equally unpre- 
dictable French voters seem to have’ given 
the de Gaullist party—which had become 
too extremely nationalist for de Gaulle him- 
self—a modest rebuke in municipal elec- 
tions and to have given the Communists a 
substantial improvement over their last de- 
feat at the polls. 

Finally, the just-as-unpredictable United 
States Congress is sounding off in all direc- 
tions on the Berlin crisis, although in gen- 
eral legislative leaders are warmly support- 
ing the administration’s firm position on 
Berlin, This is the run of the news, Let's 
look at it in more detail. 

Just what Premier Khrushchev. expects 
to accomplish by conferring with the Bonn 
government's opposition leader, Erich Ollen- 
hauer, is more than a little obscure. It’s not 
very regular for a statesman visiting in one 
political area—East. Berlin—to invite the 
opposition leader of a nearby area—West 
Germany—to come and See him. Perhaps 
Khrushchev wants to see what kind of man 
would succeed Chancellor Adenauer in the 
presently unlikely event that the Social 
Democrats take over in West Germany. I 
could tell him, because I had a pleasant and 
informative talk with Herr Ollenhauer in 
Bonn in December. 

Recollections of Ollenhauer 

The Socialist leader is a mild, intellectual 
man, not unlike some leaders of the British 
Labor Party. He is not a militant Socialist 
at all. Nor is he a very aggressive party 
leader. A far more dynamic man is his fel- 
low Social Democrat Mayor~-Willy Brandt 
of West Berlin. For Khrushchev to summon 
Ollenhauer will perhaps infuriate Chancel- 
lor Adenauer, although the Iron Chancellor 
may think the Soviet leader has simply been 

The event may even embarrass the West 
German Social Democrats. But it is unlikely 
to divide the federal republic”in any de- 
gree, It may well unite it more firmly. For 
the Social Democrats, like most Socialists, 
take a firm position against communism. 
They resent the use by the Communists of 
their name “Socialist.” , 

Meantime Mr. Khrushchev’s puppets in 
East Germany gave assurances which would 
be gratifying if we could believe them, Pre- 
mier Grotewohl said East Germany will not 
impose a blockade on Berlin when the 5So- 
viet Union hands over its control powers to 
his government. He said these powers would 
not be misused and would not endanger 
peace. Such pledges, even if there is no way 
to guarantee them, may yet be useful] in the 
event of a crisis. 

Khrushchev spent a quiet day in drab 
East Berlin, driving about a little and at- 
tending a reception in the town hall in the 
evening. At the party he spoke some more 
fine words urging an end to the cold war 
and the coming of peaceful coexistence..He 
was on the territory of the weakest Com- 
munist puppet government in the whole 
ring of satellites around the Soviet Union. 
That is part of the problem. The East Ger- 
man people are so deeply opposed to the 
regime which rufes them that the possi- 
bility of revolt is never to be discounted. 
Continuously there is a lot of heel-dragging, 
and, of course, a constant flow of refugees 
to the West. 

Weak Regime Braced 

It is to strengthen and stabilize this re- 
gime, among other reasons, that Khrushchev 

has made his threats to Berlin. Thus to force © 

the West into recognizing and dealing with 
the East German puppets would help per- 

petuate the regime, To bring about a con- 
federation with West Germany might be to 
perpetuate the regime. To cut off the flow 
of eastern refugees through Berlin would 
close the safety valve which enabled the 
East Germans to tolerate their plight. Thus 
it might lead either to a desperate revolt 
on their part or to a tragic acceptance of 
the regime. 

Khrushchev must have seen at firsthand 
how ineffective his puppet crowds are, It is 
a pity that instead of conferring with Herr 
Ollenhaver he will not see the more dy- 
namic and vigorous leaders like Brandt and 
many another. He knows Chancellor Ade- 
nauer of old, and realizes how doughty an 
adversary the Bonn leader is. 

Meantime, in Washington congressional 
leadership has had a look at President 
Eisenhower, through two meetings last 
week, and the consensus is that the Presi- 
dent is now in command. He has received 
pledges of support from Democrats ,and 
Republicans alike. But it has not been made 
clear, and perhaps it cannot be, just what 

the United States Government and its allies 
intend to do if the negotiations over Berlin 
do not reach an agreement. 

First, of course, come the conferences 
next week with Prime Minister Macmillan, 
after he has visited Paris and Bonn. Then 
will come the foéreign ministers conference. 
And then, apparently, will come the summit 
meeting. Throughout it all, the Western 
Allies are apparently determined to insist 
on their right to stay in Berlin until they 
consider its liberties have been safeguarded. 
They will insist on the right to maintain a 
line of supply to Berlin, and the right of the 
Berliners to maintain their present Lies with 
West Germany. How to enforce these rights 
is not so easy to define. 

Nuclear War Disavowed 

There’ are the alternatives of massive 
nuclear war; of another Berlin airlift; of 
an effort to maintain a supply line on the 
ground. The nuclear war is almost unthink- 
able; the airlift presents formidable diffi- 
culties but is not to be ruled out; the 
ground supply line would seem to be mili- 
tarily impossible. But the Soviets have 
shown no sign of pushing events to the 
point where a nuclear war is possible. They 
have disavowed the possibility of such a 
war, and have hinted at compromises and 

So the issue may well turn on what com- 
promises both sides will be willing to make. 
Perhaps the West would be willing to 
recognize the East German regime, even 
though that would tend. to make it more 
permanent. Perhaps the West would be 
willing to withhold nuclear arms from 
Germany. Perhaps the West would draw 
its military forces back from Central Europe 
if the Soviets would do likewise. In any 
event, negotiations now are assured, and 
while the situation is grave, there is a feel- 
ing that the West is reasonably united and 

In Washington, congressional leaders of 
both parties vigorously supported the Presi- 
dent’s unwillingness to call for a general 
mobilization. Some of the opposition leaders 
called for “‘more vigorous steps’’—in their 
words—but they did not say just what steps 
they want. Senator Lyndon Johnson per- 
mitted himself some purple prose when he 
cried: “Shall Berlin be remembered as the 
deathbed of democracy or as the grave- 
yard of aggression?” 

Senator Fulbright urged that the adminis-« 
tration reply to the Khrushchev demands on 
Berlin by saying: “We'll consider it if vou 
get out of Hungary and Czechoslovakia 
and East Germany and Estonia and Latvia 
and all the other places.”’ That may be good 
propaganda, but the senator can’t expect 
it would be very promising negotiation: 
Anyway, despite the rhetorical demands for 
action, the congressional leaders appeared 
to be impressed by President Eisenhower's 
vigor, and they warmly supported his 

Iraq Revolt Watched 

What appears to be an anti-Communist 
revolt has broken out in northern Iraq, 
where the greatest oil fields are. It is led 
by a Col. Abdul Wahab Shawwaf, and 
reports from Damascus in nearby Syria 
shed little light on the revolt’s strength. It 
seems to be nationalistic and sympathetic 
to Egypt's President Nasser and the Pro- 
Arab movement. 

The rebels have established a headquar- 
ters and a radio station at Mosul, and they 
are against Premier Kassem’s government. 
The Army is very powerful in Iraq, but 
how much of it is .with these rebels is 
uncertain. Careful reporting by well-in- 
formed correspondents had documented 
steady Communist infiltration into the Kas- 
sem government. Whether this Mosul revolt 
will sweep the Army with it, and constitute 
a powerful anti-Communist force, must 
wait upon events. 

They are still counting the votes in 
France, but it seems that in many areas the 
Communists have won back part, if not 
most, of the lecal strength they lost to the 
de Gaullists in last November's National 
Assembly balloting. Then, their percentage 
dropped from the 24 per cent they have 
maintained in most postwar French elections 
to about 18 per cent. Now they seem to have 
taken about one-out of four votes. 

But not so many people :-voted as in 
November. The number turning-out dropped 
from 85 per cent of the eligible voters to 
732. per cent. You can be sure the Communist 
percentages didn’t drop. It was the non- 
Communists who stayed at home. And that 
helped bring up the Communist percentages. 
There was also some discontent against the 
de Gaullist party, not against the President 
himself. A number of his moderate support- 
ers believe the UNR party has swung too 
far into the control of extreme nationalists. 

From the Bookshelf 

Mrs. Ruth Remembers 

The Babe and I, by Mrs. Babe Ruth, with Bill 
Slocum. New York and London: Prentice- 
Hall, 215 pp. $3.95. 

Perhaps more words have been printed about 
Babe Ruth than any other professional base- 
ball player. Even today, years after the end 
of his long and colorful big league career, the 
greatest of all New York Yankees is a popular 
subject for feature and magazine writers. 

Now comes something refreshingly new and 

different in the personal library of the famed > 

and much-loved “Bambino.” You might call 
it the. “inside” story of..a man whose name 
- became a household word in the golden ’20’s, 
since it is viewed and written from an angle 
which only one within his family would be 
privileged to know. This is not just the woman’s 
aoe of the Ruth story. It is the man’s side as 

aie re 

eS eS YS Bee 

Done in collaboration with Bill Slocum, a 
skilled young writer, “The Babe and I” tells 
for the first some of the colorful and inti- 
‘mate facts beltind many of the fabulous stories 
in which the Babe was the leading character 

',..... By Ed Rumill 

and which have since his passing become legend 
in the sports field, to be told and retold as long 
as sportsmen gather. 

Mrs. Ruth tells vividly of her famous hus- 
band’s never-ending mountain of fan miail; of 
the occasional heartbreaks along the way; of 
his infrequent but moving clashes with other 
players, officials, or members of the press, and 
particularly of the widely discussed differences 
between the Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig 

4 4 4 

The baseball life of the Bambino is heart- 
warming from the very beginning, a humble 
beginning that always seemed to have -its 
touches of humor. He became the: highest paid 
player of his time, with the home run his trade- 
mark. He did as much as any single player to 
lay the foundation of the great Yankee empire. 
His early homers were directly responsible for 
the birth of today’s lively ball and the resultant 
changes it has brought in the national pastime. 

Mrs. Ruth takes you into the Babe’s home 
and reveals many hitherto untold incidents in 
the most remarkable career in the lengthy 

history of baseball. 


Deep Sea Treasure 

Virtual nuggets of manga- 
nese, cobalt, and other stra- 
tegic metals are strewn about 
the ocean floor. Here is a 
report on a deep-sea resource 
that modern technology has 

. = vs > § ’ . 
place d within men’s orasp. 

By Robert C. Cowen 

Natural Science Editor of 
The Christian Science Monitor 

Berkeley, Calif. 

HERE’S A FORTUNE in valuable metals 

i literally lying about the ocean bottom 

waiting for someone with the know-how 

and the capital to come along and pick 
it up. But, as with many another tempting 
deep-sea treasure, the risks involved are large 
and’ the profits uncertain. Scientists have 
known about these metal deposits for more 
than 85 years. Yet only recently has it seemed 
at all possible to go out and get them. 

John Mero, a. graduate student at the 
Berkeley campus of the University of Cali- 
fornia, has been studying this possibility for 
the past several vears. He says it’s too early 
to tell whether or not men should go mining 
the sea bottom, but the indications so far have 
been encouraging. 

The metals in question are manganese, 
cobalt, nickel, “and copper. All of these have 
strategic and commercial importance. Manga- 
nese in particular’ is vital in making steel. 
Moreover, the United States, which seems to 
be the only country where there is interest in 
the ocean deposits, has no commercial-grade 
manganese ores of its own and has to import 
its entire supply. 

Material containing these metals is lying 
about many areas of the sea floor in lumps 
called “nodules.” According to Mr. Mero’s 
estimates the areas with minable concentra- 
tions add up to something lke 14,000,000 
square miles and contain hundreds of billions 
of tons of nodules. 

On the average, the nodules run to some- 
thing like 20 per cent manganese, 15 per cent 
iron (not considered of importance in con- 
nection with nodule refining), and 0.5 per cent 
each of nickel, cobalt, and copper. Some of the 
richer deposits may yield as much as 45 per 
cent manganese, 1 per cent cobalt, 1.4 per cent 
nickel, and 1.8 per cent copper as an area 

Nodules Described 

The nodules themselves are roughly potato 
shaped and usually run from about. % to 10 
inches in diameter, with occasional larger 
ones being found in the deep-dredge hauls. 

However, Mr. Mero points out that the 
dredges used so far usually only pick up 
small objects. There may be many more large 
nodules than the dredge hauls indicate. It 
would take a thorough investigation with 
deep-water cameras to find out. 

The manganese itself comes from several 
sources, Some of it is leached out of the land 
and carried to the sea by rivers. Some of it 
is thrown up by undersea eruptions that pour 
out’ voleanic:debris into the ocean waters. 
Some of it is leached out of undersea rocks 
directly. : 

Once in the water,.the manganese quickly 
reacts with dissolved oxygen and, as part of 
the endless chemical activity of the sea, pre- 
cipitates out on anything handy as manganese 

You can find this stuff all over the ocean 
bottom. It turns up as small grains in deep 
sea oozes and clays. If there is any small ob- 
ject about like an old shark’s tooth, a whale’s 
ear bone, or just a lump of clay, it will pre- 
cipitate around that and form a nodule. 

And, as the manganese dioxide forms itself 
into nodules, it carries bits of cobalt, nickel, 
and copper along with it. In this way, the 
nodules get their’ mixed cargo of valuable 
metals. : 

Mr. Mero says they would probably grow 
at an almost “explosive” rate if the sea in 
their neighborhood were saturated with this 


é we | CABLE 

o OF }0° © 


ee ae a 


Russell H. Lenz, Chief Cartographer (from John Mero) 

Deep Sea ‘Vacuum Cleaner’ for Lifting Valuable Bottom Deposits 

metal. But that rarely happens. No one knows 
how long it has taken the nodules so far 
examined to grow, but some estimates make 
it as slow as one millimeter in a thousand 

They won't grow at all if they're covered 
by sediments and cut off from the water. This 
may be a significant factor in their growth, 
since sediments shift about with ocean cur- 
rents. Some nodules may alternately be ex- 
posed and covered. Others may be exposed 
only briefiy when they first start to form, 
and so forth. 

Large Deposits Found 

The nodules were first discovered by the 
famous expedition of HMS Challenger, which 
made the world’s first comprehensive scien- 
tific survey of the oceans from late 1872 to 
mid-1876. About 25 years later, the United 
States Bureau of Fisheries’ ship Albatross 
also found large amounts of. nodules at widely 
spread sampling points. 

If these nodules were lying about the land 
as they are about the sea floor, they would be 
a tempting prize for commercial mining com- 
panies. But thousands of feet of everlving sea 
water are a formidable barrier. The discover- 
ies of the Albatross and the Challenger were 
all but forgotten until the recent Interna- 
tional Geophysical Year. | 

In 1957, ships from Scripps Institution of 
Oceanography at La Jolla, ‘Calif., again 
dredged the deep bottom of the Pacific as 
part of their IGY program and again brought 
up quantities of nodules. This time the ocea- 
nographers were curious as to the possible 
commercial value of such a seemingly -rich 
prize. They contacted Dr. Herbert E. Hawkes, 
professor of mineral exploration at Berkeley, 
who turned the problem over to Mr. Mero. 

Basically Mr. Mero had to answer two 
questions—what are the technical and eco- 
nomic prospects for dredging up the nodules 

Manganese Nodulee—14,000 Feet Down 


and, after you've got them, what are the pros- 
pects for processing and selling the metals at 
a profit? 

The manganese nodules, which he describes 
as “dirty brown to earthy black, friable, and 
easily scratched by a knife,” can probably be 
processed by well-known techniques. Getting 
them up from the sea floor is another matter. 
But Mr. Mero has ideas on that, too: 

‘Vacuum Cleaner’ Suggested 

First, he says that the usual deep-sea- 
research technique of dragging a metal dredge 
over the bottom could be used but might have 
practical disadvantages. As a possible alterna- 
tive, he. suggests a kind of underwater “vac- 
uum cleaner” that would scoop up the nodules 
as it runs over the bottom and pump them 
to a barge on the surface. 

This latter sounds like an item out of the 
prop department of a science-fiction movie 
studio. With its suction arms reaching thou- 
sands of feet below the sea, it would probably 
look like one, too! But while no such machine 
exists, Mr. Mero’s suggested model is based 

- on components in industrial use today. 

Here is how the device would work at sea: 
Most of the weight would be supported by 
buoyant tanks set a few hundred feet down to 
avoid the turbulent surface layers of the 
water. These would house the principal motors 
as well. | 

Much of the remaining weight would be 
supported by a second set of floats at the sur- 
face. Waves would wash over these and they 
could serve as markers and moorings for the 
crew at the surface. 

Suspended from these various floats would 
be the long pipeline of the hydraulic dredge. 
This would end in two fanned-out arms that 
would travel over the ocean bed at depths 
as great as 20,000 feet. However, the first 
models probably would be used at a depth 
of only a few thousand feet. . 

Only about 1 per cent of the total weight 
would bear down on the floor as these arms 
moved about. Thus they could easily ride up 
over obstacles and would not fall suddenly if 
they slipped over a cliff. 

Mr. Mero says that this and other aspects 
of his study would have to be examined 
thoroughly and in detail by a sizable research 
effort before one could know if they are 
workable. The most that his work has done 
is to indicate enough promise to justify such 
a larger project. 

He also cautions that the treasure of the 
nodules will be costly to acquire, They can 
be mined economically only if favorable de- 
posits are found within a few hundred miles 
of the coast, at least at first. There are indica- 
tions that such deposits exist off the east coast 
of the United States. : 

He adds that the manganese would not be 
worth recovering for its own sake at today’s 
prices. But the cobalt and nickel would be 
profitable and the manganese could be had as 
a by-product. 

On the other hand, the countries now sup- 
plymg manganese ore for American processors 
are believed to want to do much of the proc- 
essing themselves in the future so they can 
have a more valuable product for the world 
market. Development of the deep-sea deposits 
would give American companies an alterna- 
tive source of supply. ; 

But before anything ambitious is attempted 
in this direction, Mr. Mero points out that it 
might be wise to call an international confer- 
ence to lay down the ground rules. 

Here is a legal problem to match that in- 
volved in the conquest of space. Who owns 
the mineral rights under the high seas? Can 
any one nation or group of nations stake a 
claim and fend off all comers? Could a mining 
company be guaranteed any kind of lease or. 
title by its national government? Or will an 
international agency, perhaps within the 
United Nations, take over jurisdiction? oe 

The complexities and inadequacies of fish- 
ery agreements show how touchy a subject 
this could be. On the other hand, as men be 
more and more to exploit the resources of 
sea, the oceans that once were barriers be- 
tween nations will become a common treasure 
store that demands international manage+ 
men . od : 


+g ee A Business—Research 

Speeds Wo 


ae Net meee 

rkhon Colora 

industry—Finance | 
Over-the-Coun ter Securities 

Week Ended March, 6, 1959 
e a 

@uotations ar tai from the National Association Of Securities 
do not represent actual transactions, They are inte as a gu to th 
SCCUTilies could have been sold (indicateg the “bid” ) or p ought (indicated by the “ask’’) the time of 
Origin of any Quotation furnished om request. The national list is composed of S¢CUT ilies which have a wide 

tribution; the regionai list COMPrises sccurtties which have @ wide distribution Primarily in the .region named. 

National List 
Bid ‘ak 

| Bri dge 


following bid ana asked 

Dealers, Ine, 
s0uUTces. They + yp " 

and other 
ange within 

which these 
com ptiation, 
national dige 

By Roscoe Fleming 
ondent of The Christian Science Monitor 
the ‘two halves of the bridge | - 
| reaching in breathtaking fashion | Industrials and Food Mart 
from each Side of the gorge to- | Utilities Poote Br G&am 
ward. the center Massive “ties | Pringne Corr 
| cturs “back” cables balanced tons. of AMP Ine — 27%, | Garlock Packing 
looks like a cobweb fabricated | steel jn mid-air until the CWO | Acroy 7 734 | Gas Service 
joined Aug, 7 | 

{ Page 
ee :} Now you can drive in 
, | ae la minute across the mig 
}} Canyon £0rge of. the 
| River on a Slender 

less than 
hty Glen 
Structure that 

Bid Ask | 


Pacific Airm 

’ West 

Weert L 

/Out of steel. Men once used to/ halves were : 
‘have to wander for many miles; Already millions of tons of : Ore | ise Pw&Llt 
I to find a point tO cross the materials such as cement, rein- | Giant Boe! at ib se tit : 350 | Wond Grem 
| chasm. | forcing steel. and other Supplies | Express Gidd polo +f 
Built by contractors ‘for the dam are beginning to | Gree 
United: Static Bureau of Recla-‘ flow in quantity to the Site, to 
! mation, this bridge was but the | be followed later by already | 
necessary breliminary to a fabricated turbines, gates, 
| greater feat, that of the $420,- | valves, and other such require. | 
1' 000,000 Glen Canyon dam and ments for the Completed dam. | 
Pees i Powerhouse just upstream. he project has Significance in | Art > 3: 
ee In turn the whole Project ts | SUll another respect. As Hoover B ttn, rin , 23. 
ithe “key” of the $760,000,000 Dam and Other mighty bureau | oducte a | 
| Upper Colorado Basin Storage | Structures ave done, Glen 3 
Project that wil] go far toward Canyon, With its 190-mile long | 
complete taming of the turbu- lake in the midst of a Weary | B | Hudson P& 
‘lent and once-destructive Colo. | land” but a Sunshiny one, js | 512 | Hugoton Gast unit 
expected to become One of the} ks ‘Way 8°, | Hugoton Prod 
nation’s great -Fecreational cen. | Corp a} Husky Oi) 

rado River 
| The dam’s 900,000 kilow |B S P&t, : 35%, | India; 
ters. It has been Planned from | 27% | | 
the start as such, 

electric Capacity 
' tremendous thrus 
aid the growth Empty Area 
Southwest, From the bridge to Kanab, | 
| toward it : 
| Utah, the road _ skirts some of/c 
the strangest and most beautify] 
Country on the Planet. This is | Can 

%, | Williams Bros Co 


Gustin | | 734 . 
Hagan Chem & Cc 93, Com Panies 

Haloid 21% 
Hanna 304, | 

| Aetna Pire Ins 

do B 165, | Aetna Life Ins 

304, | 

for the iba Cone -nem 
Zapata Offsh 8%, 


Am St 

A s)} ot Xerox 
a | MAA 

| Hearst Com Pub a 
| Helene Curtis Ind 
High Volt Eng 

‘| Purolator 
+3? | Ralston Pu 

Conn Gen Life 
Continent’} Assur 
Continenta) Cas 
Crum & Forster 
Employers Gr 
3 ; Fire oer seins 
rus Vy, . , : : . iremans Fun 
Buck sic | ane roe Pranklin Life 
B San Jacinto Pet one 
Schield Bant Gre 
MOgTaph Sye 
ae Pac Pw 
a j Corp 
e | Sout 
19%, | So 

ns & Myers 
Robertson HH 
Ochester Tele 
Oockwel) Mig 


United States Bureau of Reclamation 

Glen Can Spill Into the Colorado 

sPeed construction 

: Dam, 
acationers to a 
& 190-mile lake. 

of its 
arch-span wil] 


at L 
Maryland Casual 
Merch & Man Ing 

Natl Union Fire 
Nation A 


(Doll Net | Stks/Dive Sa 

Low 1:30pm Chee | (‘Oonlars) 100g) r-- 
¢ 51% ' End John .BUg 
301, Equit Gas 1% 
Erie RR 

| Evans Pd 
Eversharp 1.20 
a : Fairch E 
Pansteel 1b 
| Fedd Cor 1 

les et | Stks/Diy 

Pb Sy E&G 
Pub Sb 

High "ee 

il §2: 
qT 41 

Central Tele 
| Cent Vermont Ps : 
‘ 6 

'Of the project. 
| rs, after which the 
| Ci n 
the Upper Colorado Plateau, a/ £3 
; Jessop Stee] 
Its -8,000,000 acre-feet of | 
| Few people jj 242 | Kan Neb Nat Gas 
t | regulate ri er flow so that every 
| Unexplored area it 29 | Kendal Co 
Fits Highway Needs eysten BCo Ing 
; a ae 
had reached a noore Gas : 

; amortize the 
| People of the United States will Ca 

i. » *» : a 
triangle 200 miles long and 16 43% | Kaiser Stee] 
Storage Capacity, perhaps never | . Saree 
‘ /On some maps 35 h6 | Kelne’ Treck 
« Oo 
m Chge drop can eventually be put to 
| : a Kennametal! 
‘dotted with ; 
Keystone Port C 
The bridge itself, although : , Koehing C 

tena . Chatta 
Stage of cj 


| ture in 50 yea 

/OWN it free and clear g | Carlisiec 1 21 | > eae 

Cc ( 

| miles wide. | : 

| ay ' 6% | Kalamazoo V Par 

‘to be fully utilized, wil} help 

the nation’s largest remaining | ry ivy, Lite | Kellog, 

. | work somewhere. *| Kentucky ven 
ruins of an ancie 

built for the needs of the dam 

ytheon 3f 



Am Optical 2 
tAm Ship Bd 

ne 2.60b 
la Pw 7 
| Pla P&L ft. 

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= 4 ns a 

| Gabrie! 1l5¢ 

| Gamble Sk 80 

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Southrn Co 1.30 if 
| Sou N Gas 2 


project, will) fit right into the 
region’s traffic needs. It is the 
last remaining link ina broad. 
paved alternative U.S. 89 route, 
connecting Arizona and Utah. 
Designed under the direction 
of Robert Sailer at the Bureau’s 
Engineering Center a4 Denver, 
the bridge js the world’s highest 
of its type. Its arch span of 1,028 
feet is not ac long as some in 
the world. but is exceeded in the 
United States only 
York’s 1,652-foot Kill y 
Its 4,000,000 Pounds 
tural stee! 
and were jz 
fit before 
The contra 

Ctor is Kiew 

by New | 
“4 From 

| Dark Ages 
This is bej 
into the 20th C 
it has bee; 
; nium, 


for ura- 

Bas. Even 

f riches May be 

men learn how to 

use them. But such develop- 

‘ments are mere pinpricks on the 

face of this vast land, which 

‘Will for many years to come 

'=~ offer sunshine and Solitude to 
people weary of the cities, 

the north where another great 
idam is rising, to the Navaho 
Project in northern New Mexico 
‘and the Curecanti project 


Flaming Gorge far to| 

| Citizens Uti} A 
Clinton Engines 
| Cst St Gas 
Collins Radio A 
Do B 

Colonia! Stores 
Colo Inter Gas 
Colo Mil! 
Colo Oi! &G 
Do pf 
, Com wealth Gas 
}¢onn L& Pw 
| Cons Freight 
| Cons Rock Prod 
, Cont Trans Lines 
Copeland Refr 
| Craig Systems 
Cross Co 
| Cummins Engin 
' Danly Mach Spec 

| Delhi Tavlor 
| Dentists Supple 
Detr & Can Tun 


Maremont Auto 
arlin Rock wel! 

a - 

gan Gas U 
Minneapolis Gas 

al Barge 

Val Gas 

Missouri Utilities 
Mono Pree Ind 

4 ard Reg 
7% Stanle 
as Stanle 

r Corp 

Tex Ti} 

; ; 

| Three States NG 
Time Ine 
4! Tokheim Corp 
* | Topp Industries 
‘4 | Towmotor Corp 
Tracerlab Inc 

>, 2} 1ranse 


ce Wash 
einsurance NY 
Republic Ins 
a public Nat Life 
St Fire & M 

s Fire 
Not availuble. 

Banks and 

Trust Com Panies 

American Tr 

Corn ENY 
and Trust 


oad a 
i a a 

Gen In Murphy Comp 

Struction began May, 1958, 


do developm 
0 tie together. 

a a 
* 2 bos 

, | First NB Ch 
| First NB Dai 
First NB St L 
wb: | PirstPe here 
| Univ Oil Prog 23. 245, | FirstPa 
Upper Penin Pow 2 Frank)in NB NY 
r | Nicholson File Utar South Oil Guaranty Tr NY 
| Norris Therma ‘ Mid&Ir 9 2 | Hanover Bank NY 
Nortex O&G , ly 4 se | Irving Trust NY 
*|N | A bs 47 ManufactTr Ny 

lb 7 
Square D ] 8 
Std Coil pq 4] 
Std Oil Cal 2 56 
* Std CaliInd1 40p 8&0 
| Std OV NJ.55¢ 256 



Irnam of Am of Natl Shirt Shonvs 

NG 5 : New Eng G & E 
Realty 47y til Assoe 4 
| Gn Bt! Cast 1.69 

| Gen T1&Ti 2 xq 

Stdotlon 3, iconomics Lab 

Std Ry Eq 
=| Stan Wari 

| Stauff Ch ig 

| Steven: 

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| ‘ 7, 5 2 | Wa: ( 


Republic NB Dal 7 
> . beattle etree net 
-* | Opelika we st 
2 | Ottertaj] Power Phoenx 

son Br Tr 
Westcoast Tr 

Eastern Regional List 

| Foundation Co 16% 17% | Plastic Wac 
Four 33s 3% | Plymouth Cord 
% | 5 of N Caro 

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ws OO RI ew cp 
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3446 | falleyN 

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Industrials and 


14% 16 

. 25% | Jefferson Str, 
Corners r 2 
S Bros 
5 — Co 
| Fram orp 
_ Asked | G-L Ele 


N°? @ a 

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= BO 

TexPLTr 30g 
Tex Util 1 76 
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Thom Rw 
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Safety Industries 
41,;G Ty Sh Br 
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1.40 I 
Tidewatoi)} Tet 
Trane Co 
| Tran W Air 
| Transamer 
Tri Cont 2.44e 
Tung So] } 40 
Twent Cen 1.69 
TAL Oj) 2 
i Un Carbide 3.60 2 
'Un Pac ' 8 


- . - os 

mental Life 
nal Fire 
14 | J ife&Ace 
_ | New York Fire 


st Croix Paper 
anders Assoc 
lavannah E&P 
cott & Wil] 

ities Ga 

POO et tt ty 
SS a ae 

| Haj 

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Nt asans 
Sr Siew Bin 


Atlas Ply 1.28 p¢ 2j 3 . 
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me | Bair = | Hoover B yt 

3 g) 8 fousatonie Ps 

’ ¢ oving Corp 

‘udson P&P 2 pf ; 
ludson's Bay : 
ycon Mfe 3 : 
ydra-Power , § 
Hydrocar s 

a a 

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St X-Ex-diy, 
7" available. 

3 Banks and 
‘| Trust Companies 
‘ Bid Ask 
» | Bk of Com Nwk 

Bank of N Y 

Soe ade de nt ee 



ax 19 
JS For § 2 léde 5 
S Freigh+ 2 
S Pipe& Pr 1.20 
Rub 2 



4 iprts Arenas De] 
19 td Fru&s 

tandard mill A 

Standard Screw 
St Ln & Fin A 

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ntl R 
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loston Her-Tray j 
P Lams 

Bowser Inc 
British Indust 2] Kanaa. ity 
Burck idee pd 3 ‘ y 
Urry Biscuit p 

lush Term Bidg pendall Refining 



Kan C Soy 2 
, Kennecott log 41 

| Kern C La 4 
Kerr McGee 10 
Kimb Clk 35 
KLM Airl 1 06g 5 
Koppers .40g 13 
roger .90 63 
Leh e 5 
Leh Val RR 6 

Cen Vi Sug 
de Pas M% 
Cert-teeq let 


fertCSug 1. 

ict Ch Wk 1 

fa Caro Ch 
falworth 3ef 1 ; 
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est Mary 3 


i 7 

| a Latrobe Stee} M 

s : Lay HW & Co 4 | 
ke Ind Oll Corn 

TeSeotSuSs, on 



ne ee 

Piduc Tr 
First Camden NB 
First NB Atlanta 
Nat Bk Balt 

N ‘ i Le Cuneo 
j pf 2 e P 8 
} Cinerama Prod ‘ a | 
: | Collyer Ins Wire ; aI 
Could anything | Comw Oi] Fig, 
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© Colorado Riv 
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PY construction. | 



> ie I vr. Ir Pm Rae " 
yaa fa | Sez Ze wg Moret? 7, 

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Ch ristiana 


UBS Chem 
Ultramar Co Ltd 
Palm fi 

Colo PF @ Irsg¢- 
CBSi2° °° 

Colum Gas } 

i ee a 




., Tee 
2 xd 31 307% | ers 
| &T 5 12 12544 12514. 
| th Rad 3 5 234 232 233 
1 Unit of trading ten shares OF sales | 
in full. 
| ag Rater foregoing | 
table ar ts based | 
last qu mi-annua} 
a on, 
pecial or extr 

G—In ban 


* | Magma Cop 
4 | Magnavox 

~~ | Marine Mid 
» | Martin Co 

~ | May D 


22, | Mfami Window 
j 23%, | Mich Gas & Fi 
5 » 25%, | Midwest Instr 
0 En Gl 

a. 55 ireraft 
Virg Dare Strs 
Warner Co 
West Penn Pow 
West Va Water 

* | West Gold & Ur 

67, Whitn M 
> | Wri 

| Yor 



Ne ne ad me 
= 22s. saa 

Dixilyn Ol A eny 
+H pan Cranes 
x*On Crucible 

Doeskin Prods 
ravo Corp 
Du Mont L pf 
Eaton Shopp Cent 
ewater St} 
© Hose & Rub 
Electro] Ine 
Electronic Assoc 
Elzabetht’ C 
Elk H 



receivership or 
the Bankruptcy 
med by such 

dividend. x-dis... 
rights. xWw— With. 
w— Wit Warrants. wd 
— When ted, wi— When issued. 
nd—Next dav deiivery 
extra or extras. b—Annua) 
1959 plus k dividend. e— 
id last year. {!—~Payabie in 
58, estimated ¢ 


te Co 555 


8 BNwk 

NB Westchester 

New Eng Tr 

NJ Bk & Tr 

New York Trust 

mpiled from Associated Press, 

Coppers Make Wid 

Coppers made 
Market early 
throughout the list showed gai 
tions to about a Point. Americ 
eenerally higher ; ; | 
p. £~—Declared or pai : States Government bonds declined. w SW 
ends a my? recorded on London Stock markets beca 
ividend 6 conditions. | ; 
k a 

e » ’ *.¢ , 72 
| Government Securities Market Study Set | Pla Tele 3131] Bh 
a | 0 
“4 'An extensive formal Study of the government securities market | 7a 4! a 1%, Pi 
| is being undertaken Jointly by the Treasury and the Federal | 
D; 4 4 D | eserve System, it was announced in Wa March 8, | 
| Div 3 ' | Data will Major parties 
idends eclare pected to be made pub d-year, | Aberdeen Fung 2.23 | Fiduciary wm 1 
Company Div. On Rec. oad s int the way to improving the AMiliated F $.09 Pilar 
Increased 2-31| Market's f reventing speculative excesses,” A 10.07 | Fi Mut 
Strs .50 ne 
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MARCH 3, _ 1999 


** 15 

Basiness Horisons 

Syria’s Ambivalence 

By BARRY B. ELLIS, Mediterranean Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 

Beirut, Lebanon 

American truck manufac- ‘completed by a Soviet team! economic aid as to Western | 

turers might be surprised to) 
know that some Syrians buy 

mapping -survey~ of Syria, ,‘ 
late in 1958 and now being | 

translated into maps in the | 

their trucks for the chassis,| Soviet Union. | 

then rip out engines and re-| 

place them with British or) 

German diesels. 

. On the other hand it might | 
be helpful for these Americans 
to know that despite active | 
Soviet-built | 
trucks in Syria, almost no one | 
buys them except the Syrian) 
'per day, 

advertising of 


This is one example of the 
fact that Syria still depends 
heavily upon the 

ticularly of hard goods, 

is the field of economic de- | 
however—irriga- | 
tion and hydroelectric proj-| 
ects, communications, and in-| 
in general —| 
the West is almost totally ex-) 
cluded. Here it is that Syria. 
depends almost entirely upon) 
Soviet financing and Commu-_ 
nist technical aid, and it is this | 
fact which has given Syria the | 
reputation of being the single | 
Arab country most deeply in- | 
volved economically with the | 



Soviet bloc. 
| a? SE 
This Soviet-Syrian cooper- 
ation is based upon a 535,500,- 
000 Syrian pound Soviet loan, 
(approximately 150 million 
dollars) granted late in 1957. 

viet loans and technical as- 
sistance to Syria is estimated 
at approximately 197 million 

million dollars worth of Com- 
munist arms.) 

Like its Soviet-Egyptian 
counterpart, the Soviet loan 
to Syria requires a separate 
contract for each project, with. 
repayment for each project to} 
begin one year after its com-.| 
pletion in 12 annual install-| 
ments at 2% per cent interest. 

United | 
States, Britain, and Western) 
Europe for its imports, pat 

C= | 
spite the fact this gives Syria | 
a Ss peagein trade gap every | 

ment has refused to accept 
dollars plus an estimated 150. 

Another assumed drain on 
the Soviet loan funds is daily 
‘subsistence pay for an esti-— 
mated 300 Soviet technicians | 
and army officers in Syria for) 
military training and tech-| 
nical survey work. This sub- | 
sistence is believed to amount) 
to about 75,000 Syrian pounds 
or about $20,000. 
Since Syria had budgeted 81 | 
million pounds for develop- | 
ment projects in the fiscal | 
year ending May, 1959, it is' 
assumed the subsistence pay 
for Soviet technicians comes | 
from this amount. | 

ee aes | 

One of the most curious fea- | 
tures of Syria's open door to 
Soviet bloc countries is that 
hitherto’ the Syrians have 

been extremely suspicious of | 

| vast 

‘are enjoying in Syria. 

‘imperialist’ designs to that 


As Syrian plans now stand 
Soviets, Czechs, Hungarians, 
‘Bulgarians, and East Germans 
will map out and engineer a 
range of irrigation, 
hydroelectric, communica- 
tions, and industrial projects 
on which Syria is counting"to 
reduce the country’s present | 
‘dependence on annual rainfall | 
for agricultural—and hence’ 


BP oe 

= ho 

| oa 

In this connection Western | 

observers foresee 

European Communists 

It is known, for example, | 
that Egyptians, who pioneered | 
in Soviet economic penetra- 
tion of the Mideast, have been | 
deeply dissatisfied with some 

‘munist technicians 

possible | 
in the current honey- | 
~;moon which Soviet and East | 
now | 

Radio Probes Outer Space 

of the equipment which Com-. 
have | 

‘brought with them.,, Jt has_ 

been known also that shrewd 

Associated Press Wirephoto 

GIANT BLIMP: This airship, reported by the Goodyear Air- 
craft Corporation to be the largest nonrigid airship ever built, 
is under construction in Akron, Ohio, for the United States Navy. 
The 1,500,000-cubic foot blimp is designed for patrol duty as part 
of the Airborne Early Warning System. 

Coal Seen in Top Role for 20 Years 

By Harlan Troit 
Staff Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 

San Francisco 

ly out toward the sun, one of the 

With Pioneer IV heading ni¢e- 


|nation’s top fuel experts thinks | 

‘that when the excitement over 
these astronautical ventures has 
settled into public orbit, 

the enormously important prob- 
lem of future transportation on 
the surface of the earth. 

This down-to-earth counsel by 
Dr. Eugene Ayres of the Gulf Oil 
‘Corporation is based on what 
Gulf’s reseafch director foresees 
as an even greater competition 
‘for world oil, 
| Surprisingly, he thinks 
‘coal shovel still will backstop 
the American industrial economy 
in the next 20 years. 

Dr. Ayres reports that esti- 
|mates of long-range demands by 
the President's Materials Policy 

Spectal to The Christian Science Monitor 
Big Pine, Calif. 

John G. Bolton, pioneer radio 

astronomer, has a new “window 

|Syrian businessmen eschew |into space’—a $1,500,000 win- 

foreign help, on grounds it, 

carried with it the seeds of 
‘interference in Syria’s inter- | 

(Unofficially the total of So- | nal affairs. 

For this reason, for ex-' 

ample, every Syrian Govern-.| 

American Point Four aid, ap- 

constituted an economic ex-| 
tension of Western control of 
‘the Mideast which Syrians 

and other Arabs had thrown | 
off only after a long and bit- 
ter struggle. 

Because the Soviets never 
have occupied Arab territory | 

_—chiefly because the Western 

So far the only project ac-| powers were strong enough | 
tually completed under the| to keep them out—Syrians do | 

loan agreement is a geologic | 

not appear to attach the same 


‘Soviet made machinery and 
‘vehicles in favor of tried and 
true Western counterparts. 
Egyptian dissatisfaction with 
‘faulty Hungarian locomotives 
‘supplied to the U.A.R., for 
example, reportedly has 
prompted a U.A.R. order to 

omy observatory 

West German Henschel Works | 

for 108 diesel electric loco- | 
| motives. 

So far as economic develop- 
is conterned, in other 

' words, Syria appears to have 
‘put most of its eggs in the 

| -'same kind of basket which 
| parently in the belief that this | 


It is the new California Insti-| 

tute of Technology radio astron- 
located five 
miles north of this eastern Cali- 
fornia village on the floor of the 
Owens River Valley, sandwiched 
deep between the Sierra Nevadas 
on the west and the White 
Mountains on the east. 

From this site, Mr. Bolton—| 
English-born Australian citizen 

i'—will head a team of Caltech 

in Egypt has allowed some | 

eggs to crack and spoil. 
At present, however, 

northern region of U:A.R., 
‘looking totaly eastward for 
‘its planned economic expan- 

sion, while private Syrian 
businessmen and merchants 

Second of two articles on the 
Syrian economy. 

Geography Slows Economy 

By Ronald Stead 
Southeast Asian Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 

Djakarta, Indonesia 
Indenesia blames history for 
most of its troubles. But a 
ew many of them derive from 
ts geography. And some spring 
from both—as in the case of 

These were virtually brought 
to a standstill, so far as inter- 

oo shipping is concerned, 
when the Netherlands company | 

almost monopolizing this, the. 

Koninklijke Paketvaart Maat-. 

schappij}, was forbidden to con- 
tinue operation 

force the Dutch out of’ West 
Irian and the economic life of | 

With the acquisition of 10 | 
ships from the Soviet Union, 10 
to come from Japan and a few 
more from here and there, the 
Indonesians expect to have 
reached by April a point almost 

three-quarters along the way to | size in the world. 
recovery. It does not seem 50, | 
however, because 40 per cent of ; 

the interisland service is being 
used by the Indonesian Army, 
still engaged in suppressing 
rebel guerrillas in parts of Su- 
matra and the North Celebes, 

Compared to U.S. 

That is where modern history | 
/ among 

complicates problems of ancient 
geography for a Republic com- 
prising three thousand islands, 

strung out along the equator be- 
tween the continents of Asia 
and Australia. If, for the pur- 
poses of comparison, they were 
strung out across the United 
States at its broadest they would 
reach some way into the Pacific 
the Atlantic Oceans. 

Including West Irian—as the 
Indonesians always do, although 
this half of the world’s second 
_ largest island continues to be 

administered by the Dutch—the 
4 fantastic tropical archipelago 
_ measures 3,500,000 square miles. 
' Of land. 

Population Pressure 

But nearly all its estimated 
84,000,000 people live on four is- 
lands—Java, Sumatra, Kaliman- 
tan (Borneo), and Sulawesi (the 
-  Celebes) — and 52,000,000 are 
-- ¢Yammed onto the ‘smallest of 
_« these, Java. In western Java is 
-Diakarta, a cosmopolis that is 
the national capital, the seat of 

in December,’ 
1957, as part of a campaign to| 

cemtral government and the 

main center for commerce and. 

This. overconcentration of 
population raises the economic 
need to ship people out of Java 
and settle them elsewhere. In- + 
deed, a government minister is | 
charged with doing this, and he) 
gets a few thousand away each | 


efforts are completely | 

| dwarfed, however, by the fact | 

that to do the job on jhe scale | 
demanded by a yearly popula- | 
ition increase of 1,500,000 re- | 
quires the shifting of folk by the | 
ihalf million annuaily. Not to) 
‘mention a large amount of 
money and organization, which | 
(‘are not available, So this basic | 
‘national problem of redistribu- | 
ting the people grows greater all | 

Indonesia Today 

the time and Java remains the 
most congested territory of: its 


Djakarta, the largest city in) 
the Republic, is now bursting at | 
the seams, with the largest part | 
of three million folk packed into | 
it¢ 250 square miles, The next! 
biggest-—- Surabaya on Java's. 
east coast—is also a sea port. ; 

Oil Centers Located 

The two biggest port towns 
the’ other Indonesian | 
islands are Medan, in North Su-.| 
matra (situated on that busy 
traffic lane the Malacca Straits, | 
with Malaya on the other side) 
and Makassar in Sulawesi, 

The most important centers 
for oil, a national income-earner 
second: only to natural rubber, 
are in South Sumatra and East | 

Off the eastern extremity of 

Java is the famous little island 
of Bali—lodestar for the few 
tourists who come to troubled 
Indonesia and the highly scenic 
home of indigenous dancing, 
painting and woodcarving. 
* To complete the barest statis- 
tical outline requisite for com- 
prehension 6f Indofesia’s basic | 
problems of communications and | 
supply, especially supply, it. 
must be added that Sumatra, | 
three times as big as Java, has | 
a population about a quarter the 
size of Java’s. 

Sulawesi, one and a half) 
times as big as Java, supports | 
one-sixth as many people and 
Kalimantan, four times Java's 

‘the number of 

‘fewer than hal 
duty, The ship 

size. has only about one-twelfth | 
addition, Indonesia claims West 

‘Irian, or Western New Guinea— 

21.7 per cent of the land that 
used to comprise the Nether- 
lands East Indies. This territory, 
still ruled by the Dutch, is ex- 
tremely underdeveloped and the 

| Papuans living there most prim- 

itively have never been sub- 
mitted to anything so sophisti- 
cated as a census. 

In | 

the | 
fact remains that Syria, the 

‘light years distant. 
indicated that the twin 90-feet-| 
'tenna might be able to reach ' 

continue to look to the West-|°Ut as far as 30 billion light 
‘ern world for goods they want, | 

nearly 6 trillion miles! 




scientists this summer as they 

conduct an intensive probe of 

the mysteries of outer space. 

Such a probe, of course, means 
reaching beyond the range of 
optical telescopes. 

Mr. Bolton’s “window into 
space”, is equipped to do this. 
Already in equipment tests, the 
observatory’ telescopes 
have detected signals one billion 
Mr. Bolton 

dish-shaped an- 

| years. 

And just one light year is 

Varied Purposes 

At the recent dedication pro- | 
gram of the radio astronomy 
which was financed | 

by the Office of Naval Research, 
Mr. Bolton said the Installation 
‘could carry out a number of 

However, the primary mission 
now is identification of more 
sources of celestial signals and 
a study .of the mechanisms 

'which generate these signals. 



a great “cosmic catastrophe,” 

As to their origin, 
said, they do not come from an 
source.” Instead, 
they usually are associated with 

| said, 

The Dutch withheld Western | 

New Guinea when they handed | 
over the rest of their former In- | 
donesian possessions in the 
South China Sea, the Indian 
Ocean, and the Pacific Ocean. 
The Indonesians are incensed 
about this, not just because 
Western New Guinea is nearly a 


Some signal sources: are col- 
liding galaxies or remnants of 
stars which exploded thousands 
of years ago. 

Also to be studied is the phe- | 

in which bursts of 

atomic particles are blasted into 
‘space from the sun and which 

'quarter of. the former Dutch | 

East Indies territorially but be- | servatory, 

are said to be responsible for 
the aurora borealis, 

A secondary mission of the ob- 

cause the continued presence of | with space travel. 

the Dutch as rulers on this'| 

“It will be possible for us to | 

sparsely settled half-island is a | track vehicles hurtling into outer 
symbol of frustrated Indonesian | 

nationalist aspirations. 

It was after the United Na- 
tions Assembly rejected an In- 
‘donesian resolution 

requiring | 

the Dutch to reopen negotiations | 

about West Irian that Dutch 
commercial interests in Indone- 
sia were suddenly sequestrated 
in December, 1957. 

The Dutch shipping company, 

|K.P.M,, had an interisland fleet 

of about 130 ships—deadweight 

| 260,000 tons altogether — but 

were on active 
were insured at 

_Lloyds, London, and. after for- 
bidding them the use of Indo- 
-nesian waters, the Indonesians 
released them from detention | 
‘last March. 

Had they held on to them the 

'K.P.M,. would have collected the 
_ best part of £12,000,000 sterling | 
in insurance money and the ves- | 

sels would thereafter have be- 
longed to Lloyds. 

Ships Provided by Moscow 

Self-deprived of ships, the In- 
donesians obtained 10 very soon 
from Moscow, at prices below 
those prevailing on the world 
market, under the existing 
i'terms of a $100,000,000 - loan. 
This has worked out cheaper 
than chartering. None of the 

ships is more than six years old | 

and their prompt arrival met 
_the first acute need, The Jap- 
-anese vessels are being obtained 
under the World War II repara- 
tions agreement, 

(Twenty-first of a series) 

Sate CRE OTE 9 KAN hig See 



ee eee 

Spe fet 


Ay ite oS nae Nad 

‘space. We can even give out 

| Signals for space rockets to fol- | 

low,” he said. 

Mr. Bolton : 

Bolton said, deals | 



vehicles would 

or satellites 
they move across 
too quickly. However, space 
moon or the planets, could be 
vehicles or ships, bound for the 
tracked or guided because of 
their relatively 

“That’s only a__ sidelight, 
though. Our principal purpose is 
pure science, to learn what we 
can about the universe. Just 
pure science, nothing more,” Mr. 
Bolton said. 

With the “pure scientific” ob- 
jective, Mr. Bolton’s work may 
provide some key answers to the 
@ysterious history of the uni- 

While astronomers agree that 
the universe is expanding, some 
think it started at a definite 
time with the explosion of a 
cosmic conglomeration contain- 
ing all the matter in the uni- 

not he 

verse, Others believe the uni-' 

verse is continually being 
created anew with the regular 
birth of new galaxies. 

Skilled Director 

for the key answers, 
that it would be Mr. Bolton. 

The young scientist scored a/| 
major breakthrough in 1947 in) 

Australia when he and Gordon 
Stanley (another Australian 
scientist now working with him 
‘at Big Pine) first 
nant of an exploded star in the 
constellation Cygnus, 
Since then, only a 
of thousands of radio stars have 
been identified, Mr. Bolton 

scopes work. He said they take 
over where optical telescopes 
leave off. 

“The dish reflectors catch sig- | 
nals and focus them to a point,” 
said Mr. Bolton, 

light waves to an eyepiece. 

“Instead of an eyepiece, how- | 

ever, the focused radio signal 

beam is caught by a radio re- | 

ceiver suspended over the re- 

flector and is amplified and pro- | 
jected on magnetic tapes, oscil- 

|loscopes or pen recorders.” 


tronic systems, 

scribed as at 


High Lights 

By the Associated Press 

Proxmire Again Hits Sediians Role 

Senator William Proxmire (D) of Wisconsin hit again March 
9 at the Democratic Senate leadership of Senator Lyndon B. 
Johnson (D) of Texas, saying it short-circuited important roles 
of the Senate by “settling issues off the floor.” 

Hammering away further on his theme that Democratic 
senators should have more of a role in determining the party's 
programs and policies, Senator Proxmire said in a prepared 

Senate speech: 
“It is not enough for us to 

grope instinctively along even 

though we follow a man of great and proven political genius. 
We must know and we must insist that the American people 
know to whom we are responsible and where we are going.” 

Case Pushes Publie Diselosure Bill 

Senator Clifford P. Case (R) 

of New Jersey proposed March 

9 a public disclosure bill designed to promote confidence in the 
integrity of Congress members and other federal officials. 

He called it a tragic fact that “far too many Americans tend 
to look upan politicians as practitioners of a not quite respect- 

able profession.” 

Senator Case said it would be naive to deny that there are 
occasional instances of corruption and improper influence, but 
he said his own experience is that most public officials try to 

do their best. 

‘House Spurs Aid for Jobless Areas 

House Democrats March 9 renewed: their campaign to get 
federal aid for communities economically depressed by per- 

sistent unemployment, 

Starting hearings, a Ho se banking subcommittee was told 

by Representative Brent 

pence (D) of Kentucky, chairman, 

that passage of a bill calling for more than 375 million dollars 
in loans and grants is of “supreme importance to the economy 

of our country.” 

Last year, President Eisenhower vetoed similar legislation, 
The administration wants to limit aid funds to 50 million dol- 
lars and emphasize technical assistance to local areas which 

have lost major industries. 

Low-Income Housing Study Urged 
Housing Administrator Norman P. Mason urged March 9 
that Congress not authorize any more public housing projects 
until a study is completed on the nation’s need for low-income 
housing and the best method of providing it. 
His plea was made at the National eae Conference in 
conference—made u 

session here. But the 

largely of city hous- 

ing and redevelopment Siisinckivands has endorsed sweep- 

ing, long-range public housing 
House Banking Comm 

recommendations voted by the 

ittee last week. 
Mr. Mason hinted that the administration is developing Jow- 

income housing pro 
industry and local 

placing greater reliance on private 
ve. He told the on hundred 


gates he was not prepared to divulge details 

Senate Confirms Foreign-Ald Chief 
The Senate confirmed unanimously March 9 President 
poe an aa nomination of James W, Riddleberger, a career 
as foreign aid director, Mr. Riddieberger succeeds 

i. Smith, Jr. 


the hgvpizon | 

slow angular. 

If anyone is equipped to probe | 
it seems | 

identified a/| 
“radio star’—the rem- 

Bolton explained briefly | 
how the observatory’s twin tele- | 

“just as an) 
optical telescope mirror focuses | 

instrumentation at the. 
Owens Valley observatory seems | 
to be a maze of complex elec- | 
it was de-| 
| the | 
dedication ceremony. This is be- | 
cause the science of radio as-_| 
'tronomy officially is little more | 

than 10 years old and many im- 
provements can be expected. 
noc nearly 
that with 

as “primitive” 
which Mr. 

as | 

workec. in Australia a Secade ir iitea States 

There he had only one radio 

| the | 
-| realist will concern himself with 

_ production, 

Commission “seem to have been | 
on the low side” both for the 
United States and the free world. 

Demand to Spar? 

This leading fuel technologist 
told an American mining con- 
ference here that it now seems 
probable the nation’s demand in 
1975 will be more than double its 
present production and that the 
rest of the free world will be de- 
pendent largely on Middle East 
If this happens, Dr. 

| Ayres says the use of oil may be 



almost exclusively limited to in- 
ternal combustion engines. 

For electric power installa- 
tions he thinks coal will be pre- 

The PMPC lays little stress on 
shale oil or conversion of coal to 
liquid, pipeline fueling. Dr. 
Ayres says, “This seems wise in 
view of the present indications 
that the rate of shale oi) produc- 
tion by 1975 can be relatively 
slight.” The Gulf expert Says, 

‘“We do not have enough re- 

‘serves of cheap coal of suitable 


the instruments are) 

'telescope. Two are needed for | 

interferometry. In experiments, 
Mr. Bolton found that the ocean 
could refiect enough of a signal 
to provide a 

. interferometry. 
as a second 

So, uSing the sea 
“telescope” and a 

\ grated” 

crude degree of | 

‘States and the world” 

radio telescope atop a cliff, he) 

managed to pinpoint a signal 


qualit? to justify any consider-| 

conversion.” Conse- 
he thinks these two 
sources of liquid fuel “may be 
almost neglected” in projections. 

Earlier View Canceled 

Dr. Ayres’ forecast concels out 
the views he voiced to govern- 
men coal technologists in the 
Bureau of Mines 
five years ago in which 
stressed the economic and en- 
gineering feasibility of an “inte- 
fuel economy developed 
around the simple distillation oi 

able coal 


Now Dr. Ayres is saying that 
the “problem for the United 
is to find 
a substitute for internal com- 
bustion use in automobiles. He 
“perhaps” the Lockheed 


he | 


Fuel-Demand Spiral Scanned. 

fuel cell will make it possible to 
give electric motorcars the nec- 
essary power and distance. “Or 
perhaps our investors will come 
up with an adequate storage 
battery,” he added, 

Furthermoré, Dr. Ayres told 
the mining engineers, the solu- 
tion of the problem of future 
transportation on the surface of 
the earth “is of enormously 
greater inportance than the 
problem of space travel.” 

Dr. Ayres thinks the PMPC 
alse undershot the de- 
mand target which it projected 
for the nation’s natural gas de- 
mand. The commission forecast 
1957 demand at 8.7 trillion cubie 
feet, whereas it actually soared 
to 10.7 trillion feet. 

Gas is such a convenient and 
desirable fuel for stationary 
heat and power applications and 
its cost is so relatively reason-«~ 
able that Dr. Ayres thinks de- 
mand over the next decade will 
develop as fast as men can lay 
gas pipes. 

Forecast Raised 

But how fast men lay gas 
pipes depends, in his opinion, on 
how secure and attractive ree 
turns on the investment seem. 

The United States presently 
is consuming natural gas fat the 
“fantastic rate of 1.25 billion 
cubic feet an hour,” said Dr, 
Ayres. . 

By 1075. the Pittsburgh fuel 
technologist says, the nation’s 
demand for electric power will 
top 1,600 billion kilowatt-hours 
as compared with the 1,400 bil- 
lion forecast in the PMPC fore- 
cast. He cited the “phenomenal 
rate of growth of demand for 
electric power’ and the fact that 
“coal is likely to remain the 
prime fuel” for electric power 








French and Spanish Teacher, 
| English Teacher, wanted for 

college year beginning Sep- 
tember, 1959. 


|| Princizia College, Elsah, illinois 


Couple wanted to serve as House- 
parents in Junior High boys dor- 
mitory. Housefather will also have 
some coaching duties. Reply to 
Headmaster, The Principia, 5539 
Page Bivd., St. Louis 12, Missouri. 

Exceptional competent person 
quis Allied experience 
neering or math... etc., 
Small company, fine opportunity for 
right person. 


CE 45-5494 (Mass.) 



Within commuting distance of Summit, 
NJ. Two days. a week for an established 
jcamp. 15 Franklin P., 
CR 77-0108 



handful | 


COUPLE—Tiekpr ~ -gardener for bachelor's | 

| ranch home. Separ. livin 

| a particulars. Box 6, 62 
Rm. 815 

Market St., 
. San Francisco 5. Calif. 





The Christian Science Pleasant View Home 
Concord, New Hampshire 


Beginning March 10 
for the summer 

Trays and Housegirl Work 

Apply: Personnel Depertment 
107 Faimouth :St., Boston, Mess, 
CoO 6-4330, Ext. 313 


Grades 1 to 8. Gym and 
Dance Classes. Beginning 
September, 1959. Reply to: 
Lower School Principal, ‘The 
Principia, 5539 Page Boule- 
vard, St. Louis 12, Missouri. 

of Physical Education 

for college year beginning September, 
1959. Reply to: Dean of the College, 

Principia College, Elsah, Illinois 


Earnest Christian a coll. grad- 
uate with experience in Working with 
coung people wanted for challeng- 

active duties in dormitory, be- 
ginning September. Must be free 
of family A bli ations. Write Dean 
of Girls, The Principia, 6539 Page 
Boulevard, St. Louis Missouri. 


i and 2% year course. NO AGE LIMIT. 
On-the-job training under Christian Sci- 
ence nurses. Salary $720 first year plus 
full maint. and Social Security coverage. 


WANTED: Secretary for sales office in 
Hyde Park. Work includes writing own 
sales letters. handling customers on 
phone, soundscriber dictation and cleri- 
cal work, Please send full résumé of 
experience and salary requirements to: 
Box W-5,. One Norway Street, Bos- 
ton 15, Mass. 

SALES LADIES — Eagn liberal deposit 
commisisons selling ROBERT POWERS 
Worsted, Orlon, Nvion, and Acetate Jer- 
sev Dresses and Suits 
ure. Give details, experience and 
fications to Box 7, Sweetwater 



SEEKS TE ACH. POSITION —Avail. immed. | 
Music maj, with a Mst. Deg.. Mus. Bac. | 

and nearly compl. Mus. Doc. Piano maj. 
trombone min., Eng. and Hist. 
Write D. Formento, 541 Pelham Rd., 
Apt. 2-G, New Rochelle. New York, 




BEACH ISLAND, N. J.— Garage 
apt.. sleeps 4, $390 season 95 miles 
N. Y¥. Box X-17, 588 5th Ave., New 
York 36, N. Y. : 


AL FRED. MAINE—One room. ki tabenatte. 

bath, heated. Private entrance, gro n 
floor and garage. Desirable for retire- 
_ment. Giadvs H. Merrill. Kennebunk Rd. 

JAMESBU RG. N. J3.—Garcen apt. Com- 
pletely furn. Including heat and hot 
water. elect. $150 mo. Write Mrs. A, 
Meindel, R.D. 1, Box 95. Jamesburg. NJ. 


a 4 

BOOKKEEPER, office manager FC All 
ooks Excellent references. Highest 

calibre. Avail. because firm reti red Box 
R-3, 588 Fifth Ave.. New York 36. N. ¥ 


‘AUDITIONS are being held for regular 

organist. Write Music Committee, Firs! 
Church of Christ, Scientist, 285 
Ave., Rockville Centre, L. IL., N. 


aU DITION FOR SOLOIST being held by by 
hird Church of Christ, 
Brookirsn, N., on March 23. Phone} 
BU 2-8080 for ‘information 

Morris | 
» oi : 

Scientist. | 

"Y. Cc. “(Park Ave., 70’s)——-Elegant orm, 
3 -op., $8.800, low monthiv maintenance, 
Ruth Brown. Broker. LE 2-5563 


re ed PLA PRL LPP 


Near Christian Science Rerevolent 
Association Sanatorium, heated Ist 
floor: 4 rooms. reception hall. screened 
porch, tiled bath, powder room, fire- 
place, parking. 
$145 per month 
Write Bex 26. Cheetnnt Bill, 
‘WOLLASTON. MASS.——3 rms. and sun 
arlor. Overlooks water and nr. Wol- 
aston yacht club and beach. Refrig¢.., 
parking, heated by oil. $65 PR 23-8297. 



rite Music Co 
Caries, Scientist, 

organist. subst. 

m.. First Church of 
White Plains, N. 


Returns Prepared $5.00 

914 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass. 
CO 6-4678. 9 a.m. te & p.m. 


turns 8 

B. C.—Modern il guite apt. 
located, showing g£00d re- 
agents. For further infor- 
mation write owner H. J. Hill-Tout, 
933 Southgate St.. Victoria, B. C. 



soloist 'BRONXVILLE. N. ¥. (Convenient N.Y. c) ) 

— Spacious liivnge room. kitchenette end 

dinine alcove. Attrectively furn. Bor 

C-4. 588 Fifth Ave... New York 36. N. ¥. 

WANTED- ~—Nr. 

Harvard Observatory ~~ 
Cambridee, Arlington. UWnfurn. single 
2-rm. kit.. bath. htd. $45-885. Rusiness 
IV 4-3992. (Relmont. Mass.) 


BOSTON, MASS.—Bright rm. dbl. or sel. 
with or without meals. In priv. ant. 
KE 6-2049 or Write 187 Huntington 
Ave.. Ant. 8 

BOSTON, MASS... Huntineten Ave.—Lee, 
rm... h. &c. water. for quiet person. Nr. 
churches, sbwv.: ref. req. CO 7-2844 



DESERT HOME—Twentynine Paims, Cali- 
fornia—6 miles from center of town. 
5 Acres beautifully landscaped. includ- 
ing old trees and Washingtonian Palms 
Ranch type house 2250 sq. ft., two pat-| 
los, fenced cutting garden, space for 
any type stock or animal 100x75 {ft 
enclosed by tight fence, 350 {[t. well with) 

submerged pump and 550 gal. pressure |* 

tank. House completely 
cludes: living room, 
rooms, two baths, 

electric, in- 
library, three bed- 
dining room, sun 

room, modern kitthen, store room, two) 
This is a home of unusual’ 

charm in excellent location, priced at 
actual cost- $26,500.00 


Twentynine Palms, California 

A STURDILY BUInT or with 5 bed- 

ON, N. J.): 

rms., 3 ceramic tile baths. offered at 

$20,000, For further details write Ruth | 

Spencer, 1117 Robbins Road, Lansing 
17, Michigan. 



Summer home for sale on large sondy 
beach. Huge all-gioss living room, 
fireplace, hardwood floors, modern 
cabinet kitchen, insulated, heated. 
4 bedrooms, bath, $16,000. Terms to 
suit buyer. Also rentals on woter. Tel. 
Essex, Mass. ROger 8-6622. 

BROOKLINE. MASS.—Pieacant comfort. 
able rms. J with private hath and ga- 
rae Ct 7-7813 or LO 6-8343 

BROOKL INE, MWASS.—Attrarctive warm 
rm. Convententiv loceted. For business 
man. Parkine. LO 6-5516 


SUMMER FROME north side Casnian Lake, 
Greensboro. Vt. 4 harms... 2 heths. iee. 
porches, tel. June 15-Auc. 1. Write Box 
X-16. SAR Sth Ave. N ¥. 248 N.Y. 


’ PDEFW IT A “PRIVILFGE to offer me? 
Pereonalized T.oeal and Lene Distance 
Movine and Firenroof Storace Service te 
the readers of The Chrixtian Srienee 

Moniter tn which T heve been a consistent 

advertiser for over %% wears 
24 Sharp St., Boston 24, Mass. TA 5-2400 

Toeal and Distance Movine 
185 W. 180th St. NWKC. AU 6-3249 


CAcH PATH— Antique Puratene. Case, 
China. Brie-a-Brae ete WH POSTAR Ste 
Market St. Rriehtdn Vaee ST 9-TARE. 

DRESSMAKING of all kinds: slterations: 

platform “ne MWre rie Benedict 
Buell. Tel TV &-085 Imeant. Maes) 

ne en ann m= ae 
vria. RETIREMENT = St. 

+) RS. 826 2is ve. N., St. Noheremuns 

E. De way yatta PA.—6 rms. Cape Cod 
yle. 2 acres, Secluded. 25 min. to 
1 a AB Pittsburgh. ORchard 868-0083. 

NORTH MIAMI, FLA.—2 bedroom home. 
Furnished. § sayy & ee near 
school, shopping Lot 60x132. 
Reasonable price. 120 ‘Nw. 122nd_ 8t. 


MEDIA, PA.—Small furnished all electric 
home. Washer, dryer, air conditioned, 
etc. Bleeping aecommodations for 
adults. Two baths, May Ist to Sept. 
ist $400. JMH, 30 E. Front St. 

HOUSEKEEPER to take complete charge 
motherless home, 
children, 2 schi. 

in, own room. 
Lewis Tower, Philadelphia 2, Pa. 

Christian, Science Church in Manhattan. 
oe required. — prefer- 
ut no requisite. Box T-3 
Pifth Avenue, New York 36, N. Y 
would gg ey ve young woman f 

Yes : a.m.; conv, trans.; 
retg. ox W-6, One Norway St.. 
es eee ee 

WOMAN to come and care for three 
ehildren for a week or week ends. 
Write W. A. Kelly R.D. No. 1, Em- 

breeville, Penna. 


Crossword Quiz Answers 

M/E |S |S BER IAiw 

alone, | 

| Classified advertisements ee. accepted 

is consecutive 

| Situation wanted ‘ibents 

| mit references. Forms senior 

Per Line 

nes of spac 
uy at cera aa wil 

ov et ree ment wg SE tte the order nt fe. 
Srders may be placed with i 

oy or cmt 
A: aude 



WASHINGTON. PD. C.—Will gladiv suncly 
information on anv ineurance need, 
Dumont Beerhower.c LU Aetna Afl- 
fated Cos. MF &-3790. 1700 K St.. N. W. 


WIDMER'S Jeweler. 31 

West St. Roston 

Classified Ad 

found the 


A school in Calitornia 
writes as follows: 

“Recently we were in need of @ 
kindergarten. teacher. We placed 
the ad in The Christian Science 
Monitor, also in our local paper. 

“We received 11 answers im- 
medintely, later 2 more from The 
Christian Science Monitor: the 
cost was $5.40 plus $1.50 for 
wiring the od to Boston, 

“We are most happy with the 
results of. fading the right 





The Chaletion Selonce Mentor ai 
One Norwoy Street, gene? ‘15, Mess... 

Please send me copy of | re ‘ 
the booklet “Clobsified Naavertsing 

Brings Results.” 

_ Name 

$: . | 16 Art 



be “th 



| Jordan King | 
On State Visit 
To Formosa 

By a Sta 
The Chris 

Correspondent of 
tan Sctence Monitor 

Beirut, Lebanon 

Probably the most curious | 
event on the international scene | 
today is the state visit being paid | 
by King Hussein of Jordan to | 

President Chiang Kai-shek of | 
Nationalist China, 

To many observers here it | 
seems that the visit would prove | 
almost embarrassing to both | 
principals concerned, since it| 
focuses the spotlight on two fac- | 
tors shared by both leaders. 

These factors are the unlikeli- | 
hood that either will realize his 
fondest dream—return to the | 
mainland in the case of Presi- 
dent Chiang and permanent Te 
tention of his throne in the c 
of King Hussein—and the fact | 
that both are held in their posi- | 
tions of present power -largely | 
through United States support 

U.S. Concedes Loss 

“The United States Government | 
itself has conceded that Presi- 
dent Chiang has little chance pe 

returning to the mainland, and i 
the protecting arm of the United | 
States Seventh Fleet were re- 
moved from the Formosa Strait, | 
the likelihood is strong that the | 
Chinese Communists sooner or | 
later would mount an attack on | 
General Chiang’s island redoubt. | 
American military and eco- 
nomic aid to Jordan is currently 
running at $50,000,000 yearly, 
and if this artificial support were | 


taken away it. is doubtful that | 

King Hussein’s economically | 
weak and politically turbulent 
kingdom would long survive as 
an independent entity. 

King Hussein's Formosan visit, 
which began March 9 and is | 
scheduled to last eight days, con- | 
tains an element of possible em- 
barrassment for the 


















“The Shoe With the Sole of Comfort” 

District 7-3879 


J. ©. SMELTZER 738 13th St. N. W. 


W hitmans—Durands 
‘Lovell & Covel—Donna Deane 
Fine Chocolates 

ge Ly, 

w ST 
CST ers 

y. Ba 

o ree  Remett FT 
‘STOKOL STOKERS for Automatic Heat 

‘Anthracite and Bituminous Coal 
Fuel and Range Oils 
New England Coke 

112 Franklin St. Dial $664 


Cl.aning, Repairing and Appraisals 
54 Columbia St. Tel. 6679 


Owen Moore & Co. 


United |} 

States as well, since many diplo- | 

mats and observers are con- 
vinced Washington’s support of | 

Gen. Chiang and King Hussein f 

is sometimes a stumbling block | 

in the path of United States | 

foreign policy 
Hereditary Monarch 

In the case of King Hussein, 
the facts of the situation are 
perhaps. unpalatable but plainly 

The courageous young king, 
who has staved off more than 
one attempt to dethrone him, is 
a hereditary monarch whose 
family was placed in Jordan by 
Britain and whose continuance 
on his throne is believed to be 
disapproved by a majority of his | 

This reporter knows that) 
highly placed Egyptians believe | 
it would be far easier for the | 
United States and the United | 
Arab Republic to cooperate har- | 
moniously in trade and against | 
communism in the Middle “ast | 

if Washington were not at the | 
same time bolstering King Hus- | 
sein, one of President Nasser’s | 

Arab opponents. 
This is not meant as an indi- 
cation that the United States 

should cease.aiding Jordan. But | 
it should be pointed out that 

many American diplomats and 
observers on the spot believe 

America’s best hope of prevent- | 
ing Soviet control of the Middle | 
East lies in dignified coopera- | 
tion with the Arab national | 

movement led by Mr. Nasser. 
Showdown Expected 

It also should be pointed out 
that most observers are con- 


1 all the brilliance 
ond delightful flattery 
of 1959. fashions 

| ) S 






Top Quality M 

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“New Hampshire’s Finest” 

Personalized Shirt Cleaning 
Quality Cleaning 
1195 S. Main St. CA 4-4461| 


Telephones | 


» A Better Move 
e, All Woys §& 


804 6th AVENUE 
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“Our Constant Aim.. 
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at Nichols 




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al ° 2s 

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General Insurance| 

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at Besserer oud tai s+ sell 



6 NORTH MAIN ST, CApitol 4-434) 


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STICKNEY é BABCOCK COAL C0. '215 Main Street Phone CO 3-2684 

Florsheim — Rand — Trim Tred 

111 W. Freemason St., Norfolk, Va. | 
Vitality and Poll Parrot | 

Phone MA 2-7351 | 
A Good Place to Buy Flowers | 



(Te) * Liability 

JA $-5191 

First Huntington National Bank Building 

“A Successful Gardén” 
Garden Tools 
Good Seeds 


Telephone CE 6-4511 


© Yonge at St. Cloir 
® Yonge at Adelaide 


@ Bloor at Runnymede 




iC.M.LOVE&CO. Canada's Finest Furs 

Concrele and Waterproofing 


6201 Fairdel Avenue Baltimore 6, Md. 
‘Phones: HAmilton 6-7155—CLifton 4-862: 


| Since 1837 
Phone MAdison 2-3617 



1940 Third Avenue Phone JA 5-5129 | 



‘The Oscar A. Louse Co. 

A Man’s Shop 
| Reiner and Core 

480 WEST ST. 



Two Good Places. to Eat pp 


Lighting Fixtures 
476 Main St., Laconia, N. H. 

Ma candber Wright's Town House _MEN’S WEAR ¢ TAILORING 

513 East Grace Street 

542 Bayvi- HU 9.8661 

~~ Avenue 

Smeltzer Nursery 
and Garden Shop 


6431 Baltimore 
National Pike 
Ridgeway 7-8790 

and Accessories 

“Laconia’s Largest 
One-Floor Department Store” 

Open 11 to oO Closed Sunday 

217 High Street, Morgantown, W. Va. 


Raleigh Grill 

By Experienced and Insured | @ a= 

Branch Shop: Chateau Laurier 




Workmen “Just 39 Steps Up Walnut from High” 

Open Every Day 

CE 3-561] 

If you enjoy remembering friends’ 

A aa) wre 

Childrens Shop 

Clothes, Accessories, Gifts ond Toys 


and loved ones -¢ome to 

Mary Beard Shop 

104-N. 6th STREET 


eB 359 Myrtle St. Phone NA 4-4544 


Manchester, New Hampshire 

A’ Reliable, Dependable 
Department Store 



Telephone CE 5$-4928 






R obinsons 

and choose just the right Gift, 
Card or Novelty 

DIAL MI 323-8028 



‘For More than Half a Century! 


Town and Country Clothes 

He, - Dpeakman Ld. 

We Have Served Richmond 
Tamilies with the Finest 

Richmond Dairy Company 

A.L. Lorraine Hardware Co. 

Dresses, Coats, Sportswear 

| Merery Coase 

Everyone Likes 

for Overt 80 Yeats OF HAMILTON 


Cashmere Sweaters 
Church's British Shoes 
Cashmere and Camel Hair 
Coats, etc. 






ete er te ey 

*% CLOCKS | 


Expert Clock and Watch Repair 
Highest Quality 
521 Congress $t. SP 3-0291 

The Eagle Press| 

2052 Middle St., Portland, Maine 

Printing ¢ Social Engraving 

- 7 

vinced that sooner or later a 
showdown will develop in Jor- 
dan between King Hussein and 

danians who believe their coun- | 

try should form part of a larger | /PORTLAND—SOUTH PORTLAND 


Arab entity. 

Fortunately for King Hussein 
there is little likelihood that 
such a showdown will come dur- 
ing his six-week absence from 
Jordan. Cairo has its hands so 
full trying to integrate Syria and 
Egypt, at the same time jousting 
with Baghdad, that the United 
Arab Republic has ceased overt 
propaganda against King Hus- 
sein in Jordan. 

President Nasser’s supporters 
in Jordan are believed to real- 
ize that the U.A.R. is in no posi- 
tion to come to their aid at pres- 
ent, should they try to start an 
uprising against King Hussein. 

General Chiang is a spare, 
taut, veteran soldier presiding 


his supporters, and those Jor- | 



130 Free Street 

Portland, Maine DOWNTOWN 
‘Day and Evening Parking PARK-SHOP 
Next to Chamber of eet, 



When wiring for flowers 


Greenhouses, Inc. 

(Member FTDA) 


over a lush tropical island. King 
Hussein is a _ short, athletic 
sports-lover, ruling a gaunt des- 
ert land with artificial bound- 
aries drawn arbitrarily in the 
' But in oné sense their political 
a, is s® similar that King 
ussein’s choice of Formosa as a 
stopping place en route to the 
United States isolates both lead- 
ets in the world’s eye as two 
lonely men struggling against 
the tide of events. 

Irish Republic 


j. A. Merrill & Co. 

503 Congress St. 


The B fine 



SP 3-6606 


President Set 
For Visit to U.S. 

By the Associated Press 

The Irish Republic’s Presi-. 
dent Sean T. O’Kelly will visit 
Washington and. eight . other 
American cities on his trip to 
the United States this month. 
The State Department made 
public President O’Kelly’s itin- 
erary. He will arrive March 16, 
at New York’s Idlewild Air- 
pa for his visit as President 
isenhower’s st. 
csdmebion. ey, — ac- 
wife and 
Foreign ve Frank Aiken 
and Mrs. Aik 
The party ei reach Wash- 
__ ington at noon March 17, St. 
~ Patrick's . 

“and” return to} 

‘New York March 19. 
4 an remainder of. his itin- 

i "March 21 — Providence, R.L., 
_.and Boston; March 23—Chica- 





Tel. SPruce 4-3031 

“Flowers that last longer’ | 

in Washington, D.C. 
for the “too new to be 
true” 1959 saat 

wae ese 

of Silver 

PH. JUniper 9-8000 
East West Hwy-Colesville Rd. | 


a,* re 
we : 
; mm 
~ | 


3114 West Cary St., Richmond, Va 
Dial 5- 9101 

Prompt Delivery (Daily Westhampton) | 

Home Furnishings Murphy-Gamble Quality 



good names to go Buy! 

@ Croftsman 
@ Allstate 
@ Kingsway 

64 Vaughan St. 

Tel. GE 6-3970 




Newport Oil Corporation TAYLOR- LYNCH, Inc. 


for Men and Women 

Wm-H:-MACK Ine. 
Better Zitting Zootwear 
1432 Bleury Street and 

Where quality and 
service are paramount 

Featuring ° 

Broadway Service Station Stetson Hats 

Morton Park Service Station “ : 
Griffin Clothing 

Central Park Service Station 
Catalina Sportswear 

@ Silvertone 
@ Kenmore 
@ Homert 


B AKERY:} CORNER of BARTON end esstatehiibesoobsioss 


Shifer Hllnan vowox0 | 

2313 Bivor St. W. 

1395 St. Catherine St. W. 

The Dominion’s Leading 

JA 8-701) PARKING! 

When Buying Bread Specify RO 2-9707 


Service Center-—-Mile Corner 
- 6- 2600 BOW M AN’S 



Specialty Shop 

Furriers since 1837 

Sunbeam Enriched Bread 

Complete Line of 

Spring Millinery 


29 South Main Street 



7 A.M. to 1:30 A.M. 

Furs, Fashions 
and Men’s Clothing 

‘ | HARLOW’S ICE CREAM We specialize in Wedding and Party Cakes 

Long Wharf 
Maker of 
8 Albro Street Tel. VI 6-0251 Dial 2-3485 






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Smart fashions 

for the 
Young. Crowd 



‘ Jewellers & Silversmiths 
Fine Encutsu Bone Cuina 
Write for our free catalogue, 

Clover Creamery Co., Inc. 

Frank L. Moose 


Robertson Motors Limited 

1515 Danforth Avenue 
HO 6-1134 


Four laundry services to choose 





and Mama, too y 



Your Patronage Is Appreciated 

Always the Best 
in Flowers 


314 Main Street East JA 7-7561. 

using the very latest methods. 
the next time you require laundry 
aning service. 

LEnnox 5-2161 


Everything in Real Estate 

207 South Henry Street Dial 8331 

Bertram Tate, F.R. 1, 


300 Victorie Ave., Montreal (6) 
HU 9-532) 


8054 South Street 

Enjoy the best of luncheons 
and dinners 

CApitol §-3794 | SERV ICENTE 



Lower Your Cost 

Character Clothes for Women’ 


811 Quarrier St., Charleston, W. Va. 
320 7th Ave. $., Charleston, W. Va. 
Hansel & Grete! Shoe Dept. 
3015 MacCorkle Ave. $. E., Charleston, W. Va. 
77 Main St, St. Albans, W. Va. 


1484 YONGE STREET WA 1-B191| -Tolhurst Oil Limited 

660 EGLINTON AVE. £., BU 3-085 | CR 9.7271 

oe. - 
The Shoe With the Beautiful Fit 
$9.95 to $13.95 

79 North Main Street 



DONLANDS — ncre : um vera 
DAIRY ate se 

City Wide Service 
265 Donlands Avenue HO 5-3523 



Henkel rrorisr 

_3605 Kecoughton Rd. 
| Hampton, Va. 

with a 

202 Queen St. CE 6-5845 

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Fine Furniture 

PA 2-5071 93 W, Washington St. Phone 21-361 


Imperial Trimmed and Pasted 
Papers Make Home Decorating 

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Loring, Short & Harmon 

Monument Sq. Portland, Maine 

__for-our own fed plump __ 

Charlotte Charles Plum Puddings 
and Fruit Cakes, etc. 

arch 27—-Phila- 
March 30— 

Full line S. S$. Pierce Famous Foods | 

P. R. CLUFF. JR., Associate Manager 


2 So. Main Street 


. Established 1867 

Favorite Shopping Centre 
UN 6-7755 

em Watts Tid. 

The China Halli 
of Ottawa 

Visit Our Wedgwood Shoppe 

54 Elgin Street 

(Opposite the Wer Memorial) 

The Most Complete Collection 

of Wedgwood America 
Also ot 189 Bank Street 


1043 25th Street 
PHONE: CH 7-5373 

“Quality First Always” 


Ae Prstewrised Dairy Prod 

1197 BAY ST. (at Bloor) 

Flowers Wired Anywhere 




1285 MeGill Cellege Avenue 



Sales and Service 

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Member of Telegraph 

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---—--~- § HOPS 

PHONE JA 5-5932 

Outfitters for the Sportsman 
and working man 

DUDLEY’S, tne. 
Other gf ola 


~ Service Station 

Regular Care 
Seves Wear 

PH inc 

CH 7-5292 

| Douglas 


Studio Couch Sana 
$13.95 Set 


140 Y § 399 
Dudley's Department Store vee? et we My, Queen 
2001 Srd Avenue 

EM 4-251 4-6572 






Refrigeration Service 

25 Years’ Experience 
24-Hour Service 

580 WAVELI AVENUE PA 2-3071 

Eigin St. and Argyle 

Sanford & Charles, Inc. 

Serving the Peninsula 
Over 30 Years 

Ph. CH 7-6656—CH. 5.2251 
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OTTAWA 8 Day or Night 








MARCH. 9, 1959 

ecg 2 ey 

Family Features_ 

Youth Section 

ee MES Sa GER ae 

es a 


Saat oe 

OE ane tee ee 

BSE REE Rh ais eRe m 

_ From the Photographer’ “ Album 

Oty ew, 

= oe had ~ 
See nD eS 

Photo by Josephine Bingham, Fort Myers, Fis. 

What! Can This Be a Florida Beach? 

Not all Florida beaches have just palm trees, | 
our photographer explains, and she sent in this” 

snapshot of a buttonwood tree on Fort Myers 
Beach, Estero Island, Fia., to Prove it. 

ee re —_ 

out and, 



Words of Current Interest 

Uniees Otherwise specified. pronunciations are from Webster's New Interna- 

tional Dictionary, Second Edition 

who put 

Expected end (Jer, 
The men of 1611 
Bible into English 

phrases which modern scholars 
regard as cases of inexact trans- 
lation. The awkward locution, 
“expected end,” : in verse 11. 
chapter 29, of the Book of Jere- 
miah rates among such. The in- 
exactnesses reveal theories of 
grammar entertained in the old 
period which we do hot see the 
point of today. 

So while the general intent of 
the verse—‘thoughts of peace, 
and not of evil, to give you an 
expected end”-——may be spelled 
after a manner, under- 
stood, we can readily acknow!] 

edge the good results of revision. 
| Moffatt in his free voice renders 

| let you 
ture.” The Basic Bible says, 
/give you 

Exploring the Land of the Penguin 

By Thomas FE. Quinn 
Superior, Wis. 
At one time or another I: 

think each of us feeis that he | 

is a bit of an explorer, and may | 
even be dejected because he 

thinks there are no new lands!;, 4. sailing the seas 

to explore. Cheer up, friends, 

for you can pack your snowshoes | 

and head south to be a modern- | 
day Lewis or Clark, 

The Antarctic continent stands 
as a mystery to many countries. 
Even though there have been 
numerous expeditions to the 

Antarctica is the ever-frozen 
Weddell Sea. 

Prior to 1956, the Weddell Sea 
was almost totally unexplored 
and penetration to any place 
near the continent itself 
considered nearly impossible. In 
December of that year a small | 

licebreaker turned 


each day, 
\give directions. 

we know compara- | 
tively little about it or the sur- | 
rounding area. On one side of | 

its bow into 

the Weddell with hopes of prov- | 

‘ing the falsity of this theory. 

iship I enjoyed my sharé of the 

about the middle of the Weddell 

what we considered to be 

'Sea we became victims of strong 
As a crew member of that | 

feeling of exploration that filled | 

each man. It was something new 

the guidance of sea charts. Com- 
‘passes were not reliable that 
close to the South Pole, and 
-with almost 24 hours of daylight 
there were no stars to 
The only solu- 
tion was to follow our bow and 
hope for the best. 
” Se de 

When we first broke into that 

without | 

winds which forced the pack ice 
down on us, 

building up terrific 

We fought against it as long as 

possible, and then gave way to 
a losing battle. We were frozen 

tin and would stay that way until 
ithe winds came up in our favor 

‘and blew the pack ice out. 
days we passed in that icy soli- 


tude waiting for the pressure to 

frozen sea we had no idea how | 
thick the ice would be. As-we | 


to hack our way 
realization of the job be- 

fore us took hold. The ice was 
was | 

getting thicker each day and our 
daily gain had dropped from 35 


to 25 to 20 miles. When we were | 

United Press International 

Oe Rye = mere 

D : 
8 ee - IS O m 

“*\was the area where these 

Just the Knack of Knowing How! 

Karen Gunning of Mulberry, Ind., a junior in high schoo! at 
Dayton, Ind., is the 1959 National Cherry Pie Baking Champion. 

She is shown in the Senate kitchen in Washington, 

D.C., with 

Senator Homer Capehart of Indiana. The teen-ager won her title 
over contestants from every state in the union. 

A Writer's Request 

By Dawn W. Williams 

Fresno, Calif. 
What began as an article on 
children’s toys has turned itself 
into a plea for help. 

The plea comes from me, a 
mother of pre-school-age chil- 
dren, who longs to write articles 
for the Youth Section of The 
Christian Science Monitor, but 


tune time in w 

Be." Aa your precious little ones 

a +4 jp 
soe moment ! sit 
abana a 

7 1 3 
gets re ?} gy NAb 

m € Please, I'm 


ch to sit down | 
and write? How, I ask again, do | 

boone of any 
for the day. There (9 

‘| marking 

t vice. Instead of the usual repeti- 
| tious 

interruptions, my boys 
were so quiet that for a while 

I typed “away merrily, almost | 
' unaware that they were in the 

house. Then, as any parent 
knows when it is TOO quiet, my 

‘well-trained ears became sus- 

picious of the silence, broken 
only by an occasional giggle. 
Seer Gee « 

‘in following my parental in- 
I. hurried into the room 
where they were playing. Greet- 
ing me there was a picture not 
lacking in humor. but, I must 
‘admit, leaving me somewhat 
further inspira- 
tion on toys 


\that day comes, 


ease, Every man knew that pro- 
longed pressure 
' ship, 

the pare 




yet not a 
about it. 
Nature, however, 
favorable for only 
shifted, blowing 

s— —. 
You. Too. Can Be 
A Contributor! 



ee a NE A AD A te 

Join our rapidly growing 
group of contributors to the 
Youth Section, If you are 
between 13 and 35 you are 
eligible to have material pub- 
lished in these three columns. 
Address contributions to the 
Youth Section. 

. sie 

out. and we were under way 
again. A few days brought in 
sight what we thought was the 
Antarctic continent. While scout- 
ing for a landing for the ship 
we found that our continent was 
merely a massive iceberg. which 
out to be one of the 
largest ever reported—75 miles 
long and 40 miles wide 

for this 


nation must be near, 

‘sive icebergs were born, 



ey ae 
All the anxieties and worries 

|of the previous weeks were cul- 

_ | minated 
5: | view that which, 

‘ter how Lewis 

i knew, 

ibe as treacherous an 

to our know!l- 
/edge, had never been seen by 

man, When we finally reached 
our destination, the Antarctic 
continent, we knew a little bet- 
and Clark felt 
about the Rockies, but we also 
as they must have known, 
that we had not conquered 
nature. We had only learned a 
bit more about it. We realized 
that our icy surroundings could 
enemy as 

in our anticipation 

‘a rewarding friend. 

It will be a long time before 
‘that land of the penguin is com- 
| pletely explored, Even when 
there will be 

inew goals to achieve, for every 

age will have its explorers, 
every age will ask questions and 


| then strive to answer them. 


;}on the rug (the good one, of | 
course) sat the youngest ed 

confined by the chair’s attached 


This had been fixed for him by 
middie-sized brother, who evi- 
oey had decided that break- 
fast had not been sufficiently 
filling and was feeding him 
DIRT from a cup. The tale was 

ering the young one’s mouth, 

| plus a-well-defined trail of the 

same color and texture leading 
from door to the 
cup’s abundant 

Other such incidents could be 

? r eetold. Together they result in 

| asking again—just how have 
asorkere ai this out? 
anxiously aha 

an answer so I can fi 
een he ont 


high chair with little Larry him- | 
self perched on its seat, securely | 

/ Up 

being -most-plainly by theif 
dark brown gritty evidence cov- 




We | 
knew however, that our desti- 

the last clause of “to 
the fu- 
hope at the end.” An 
American Translation and Re- 
vised Standard of 1952 -agree 

the verse, 
have hope for 



By Margaret Macdonald 
Arcadia, Calif. 

Our view of the Yosemite Val- | 
a i short as 

ley from the narrow suspension 
bridge was magnificent. Pine- 
covered slopes and sheer granite 
cliffs rose to cloud-tatching 
heights on either side. Water- 
cascaded down to mingle 
waters with the crystal- 
cold river beneath our feet. 

Seated on the bank near 
bridge was a young man with a 
red cap, quietly fishing. The 
scene was one of tranquillity and 


| peace. 

Suddenly the fisherman sprang 
to his feet, threw down his pole 
and without much as remov- 
ing his cap jumped fully clothed 
into the ift river and. disap- 
peared under the bridge. 

When he came up some yards 
downstream, he was grasping a 
small boy, who must have fallen 
into the river. Fighting the cur- 
rent, the man made his way to a 
fallen tree in the water, where 
he pulled himself and the boy, 
unharmed but dripping, up on 
the bank. 


We congratulated the fisher- 
man on his quick thinking and 
heroic action. 
the water was cold, he shook his 

“It was nice.’ he said 
grin, as he pouted some of it out 
of his shoes. 

At this moment 
gone to 




with z 


the parents of 

appeared. They 
their car for a picnic 
basket a few moments before. 
were startied to find what 
hac taken place. 

Leaving the parents to thank 

the young man, we walked up- 
stream. Around the bend we met 
a yvoung mother with some smal! 
children. We spoke to her and 
found that she was the wife of 
the man with the red cap, She 
was pleased, though not sur- 
prised, when we toid her of his 

“He knows the streams well,” 
she said. “You see, we live in 
the park the year around. We are 
Yosemite Indians.” 

| ye 

We had known that 
were Indians living here, de- 
scendants of the original inhabi- 



tants of Yosemite National Park. 
i but 
i visited the park these were the 
‘only ones we had ever 

in all the years we hac 
“Where do you live?” I biurted 
out. She laughed. | 

“For some reason people think 
we should live in a tepee, but 
we don't. We live in a house 
like everyone else. My husband 
works for the road department, 
repairing and building roads in 
summer and clearing them of 
snow in the winter.” 

She turned as her husband 
came up the path. His damp 
clothes still clung to his muscu- 
lar lean body. 

“Did you catch any fish?” 

“Not this time.” he said as he 
swung his youngest child up on 


‘his shoulder. He didn’t mention 
‘his biggest catch. 

We should have known that 

these people living in this mag- 

nificent valley would be a brave 

strong people. Meeting them was 
‘an unexpected pleasure. 

eee. sen ea lnagp arte se 

Par Time, 15 Minutes 


23 Devoured 

Wild ox 
god of war 


MBL ba 

at af a 
44ane Zl 
f tebe 

tt | 

tii (4 



45. Singing 
Solar disk 
. Army meal 
. Uncooked 


Be unde. 
In the lead 
Good name 
All that 
could be 
with gas 


ee i 


~~! 2 to 

Vl cn 


> Se 

Ff ring 

se a 


James hand down to us certain: 
i short. 

| adjectives 

When we asked if | 

had | 

Olive genus | 

each other with, “to 
you a future and a hope.” 


as in 

sofa, e 

a as 


Hasted (I Sam. 

17: 48)—Same 



Among Classical 
that belatedly get 
into English, 17th- 
“inimical” will bear 
mention. From one view, it 
an “extra” member of the vo- 
cabulary: and from another 
standpoint the word is a useful 
one because of its light and al- 
most deprecating force. It de- 
notes a feeling of hostility or 
antagonism, vet a feeling that 
may be modified. It implies 
something or ‘somebody un- 
friendiy and opposed to some- 
thing or somebody; but which | 



may end in reconciliation rather || 

than dispute. Webster’s Svno- 
nyms does not take up “inimi- 
for comparison with other 
of similar import, 
probably because it signalizes 
little contrast with any of them. 
It is a word of emotion, but of 

mild and tractable emotion. 

am a eee 

Shekels (I Sam. 17:5) .Shek’« 
elz (first e short, second clipped- 
in silent); or skek’-'lz 
(second e elided altogether), 

Taketh the wise (I Cor. 3:19) 
—It would be interesting to 
know what access Paul had to 
the Greek translation of Hebrew 
Scripture (Septuagint) which 
had been in use for some 200 
years in his day. He may have 
carried passages from it in his 
head, or had frequent oppor- 
tunities for a glance into some 
public or private parchment 
copy. Certain of his references 
vary from the Septuagint text 
as it comes down our time. 
Others, again, are mere allu- 
sions, with no particular need of 
precision. At verse 19, chapter 
3, of First Corinthians we find 
him bringing to the notice of 
his congregation in Corinth a 
line from verse 13, chapter 5. 
of the Book of Job—‘He taketh 
the wise in their own craftiness.” 
The King James text of the 


ltd ke, os Teer et 
1a) # 

He that is faithful in 
that which is least is 
faithful also in much: 
and he that is unjust in 
the least is unjust also in 

much.—Luke 16:10. 

B3 & “oe 

Lyle Christopherson 


thought our readers might be interested 
seeing a Ptarmigan in its winter plumage. Its 



in - both 

Ptarmigan Blends 

photographer, Lyle 

and the King James text | 
parallel. | 
Greek | 

at the 


and find 

.* W e 


slight difference, The Palestinian 

word for 


‘He catches the philosophers 
in their 
; oes 

ing, * 


‘taketh”’ in First Co- 
is not identical with 
Job; being a verb of 
forceful fiber in the 
In the way of modern 
Ferrar Fenton outdoes 
rhetorical effect. hav- 

own craft.” 

“He who 

catches the wise with their own 

Words selected from the Christian 

Marohk ° 

P ache Lesson-Sermon for 

‘Panel Parade 

Marmacuve 1 YOU 





Ast RieHuT 




IT HAS TO Me SnickeY 







Cy Guernsey. LePelley 




BARKS cr oS . 



| WHat BATS : 






iia Ge 

“Harold Higginbotham! I never noticed before—they've got 

: you ou the deer!” 


“ te 
n " 
. ere ate ee al pa a pl x one ih oo « So hte Ark é . hs eae Che Lee ies, whee lina Sdn eda al er wee, Cn 4s > Oe A d APO 3 een a 
te AL et DORA ORI Fe RT a LIN ah Oe kA IRE SARI E DF CLES PERLE LAE! eh eA) en Fred Re ae 5 PI Rn Oe ee iy I eR ee eR ETN MS of a Oe 
yrs nA LEIP OE a ed Ae” bo Sa halal tS Na i ae es Po ve OPEL II IPL POEL OFM OO LGI OPP ERs. PO 4 F oe o PCP IO AD 
‘~ PIP OT IP IG IS OPO IT Oe oe a , 
- nts ey ’ oe whe Comey. . 
y Ms ites wa eNe ds en ate'e ae oe 
~~ x Ag Fe’ — . " Pan end a : *s*#ee 4a ‘e* = “*« 
A .. - " : o .* . ~ eseaenee > - " 7 eve - 
PAS = 7 . _ ++? * . : “ere eee een ee : ~~ “+. “ ~ 
. PL e . . “ ‘ owe ° - nent ee eet te ne * <a : — 
- rae “/ fs « . fg - ns i see ny h oe ae , 

Soe RI Rn a ee 

Mat a3 

Christopherson, | 

With Landscape 

summer plumage tends toward grayish, brown- 
ish, and black hues. This photo was taken in 
the Cc ascade Mountains of Washington. 

ti alte 

Newspaper Continues to Publish 

Ada, Okla. 
ashes of the 
Ada Evening News, 
Ada, Okla., were cool, telephone | 

offers for. sing (Seas onde 
Be Sunny CI 
ay tae 



in econtinuin 
publication were ai ae 
coming in from 

sister sewspa- 

pers around the @ 


seems, were just Be 

-as interested as 

Ada publisher 

W. D. Little, Jr., 

in seeing that the News main- | 






ee ea 



LEIP ae 

United Press tnternational 


| tained a tradition of publishing 

continuously since its founding 
date in 1904, 

So far, the paper has bore 
rowed the facilities of the Arde 
more, Okla., Daily Ardmoreite 
and the McAlester News-Capital, 

McAlester, Okla. 

Until the new plant is ready 
to operate again, Mr. Little says 
the paper will alternate as much 

‘as possible with the other facili- 

ties, ‘just to give them some 

| relief.” 

Rainey Heard Williams 

ore ene ete 2 
& ve 
SO Shee ae 

“The salaty you mentioned is per day, of course?” 

Sa Sa Raa 

Little People’s Corner 

seat 2 OA SRE j 

Hula Hoops for Mechanical Dolls 

Shown in Nuremberg. 

Germany, at the 10th International To 

Fair, these 12-ineh-high dolls twirl their hoops until the cloc 
mechanism inside each figure runs down. 



Boston, Monpay, MARCH 9, 1959 



2 7 
Ep eS oh MAT ge) . ab He A, Bs ’ bee are eee .<. tae 
are a lee) AST LNs Fa Nae eae ns RS NE i: 
« 7 = y , his a Le - 4 “a * SEH Dee fs 
Tae : a3 eT: ‘ SP He aie 

ok ee Love yo hae “4 Siig ag (RDI DERI . 
Sad a ea a et en a roe ed au mane ns ae ae Spe 
ADS «ey sie Pky &% at Sore SYS ee Re so SENS ua aon \ ‘ a: 

me OS 


= eed 

“First the blade, then the ear, JESS then the full. grain in the ear’? * 


; T 


Western Unity, the Constant Need 

It is good that Britain’s Prime Min- 
ister Macmillan is flying this week to 
Paris and Bonn to talk with Presi- 
dent de Gaulle and Chancellor Ade- 
nauer before directing himself to- 
ward Ottawa and Washington for 
talks with Prime Minister Diefen- 
baker and President Eisenhower. . 

Reasonable success has thus far at- 
tended Western diplomacy in meet- 
ing Soviet Premier Khrushchev’s 
threats of aggression against Berlin. 
This is due to the unity with which 
the North Atlantic countries have 
answered blackmail. The same de- 
gree of unity and firmness must be 
maintained through whatever nego- 
tiations may follow with the Soviet 
power bloc. 

Initial reports of a one-day meet- 
ing between General de Gaulle and 
Dr. Adenauer carried intimations 
that the two were not pleased with 
the outcome of Mr. Macmillan’s trip 
to Moscow. They were said to oppose 
talking of recognition for East Ger- 
many or disengagement in Central 
Europe. We believe any misunder- 
standings or differences of approach 
on these subjects can be completely 
clarified and reconciled. 

The Adenauer government is prop- 
erly concerned that no kind of recog- 
nition be given to the Communist 
East German regime that would 
harden the already deplorable divi- 
sion of Germany. The West should 
have no dealings with the puppets 
Ulbricht and Grotewohl unless it is 
to gain as much or more than is lost 
in the process. 

If in letting East Germans instead 
of Russians stamp transit passes for 

Berlin the West could obtain new, 
specific, and world-witnessed pledges 
of free passage to and from Berlin, 
the .effect might be more beneficial 
than harmful. Any tendency to in- 
filtrate West Germany with commu- 
nism would be more than offset by 
opportunities for East Germans to 
get a breath of freedom. 

It will be said that of course the 
Soviet Union will not make any such 
concession. Very well; if not, there is 
no need for the West to concede any- 
thing. But at least the proposal can 
be made. 

As for the matter of disengage- 
ment, there would again be cause for 
extreme concern if it were being pro- 
posed that the West make any with- 
drawals or self-denying ordinances in 
advance of fully equal and corre- 
sponding concessions on the part of 
the Communists. 

But the’ Macmillan - Khrushchev 
communique said the two men had 
agreed only that 

Further study could usefully be made of 
the possibilities of increasing security 
by some method of limitation of forces 
and weapons, both conventional and 
nuclear, in an agreed area of Europe, 
coupled with an appropriate system of 

This seems to us to commit the 
West to nothing more than would 
be the natural province of a confer- 
ence of foreign ministers or heads of 
state. It protects Western interests 
in inspection and in reduction of con- 
ventional as well as atomic forces, 
It might come to nought; but surely 
the West can formulate a rational 
position on it. 

Regulating the Regulators 

At one time it looked as if the Har- 
ris subcommittee (House subcom- 
mittee on legislative oversight) was 
going to overlook practical remedies 
for influence peddling—especially by 
legislators. But it has now proposed 
legislation that merits much con- 

It suggests that all communications 
with a commission member or em- 
ployee concerning a case before it 
should be placed in a public file. This 
would cover oral as well as written 
messages, and is designed to end 
the “secret approach.” Moreover, it 
would be applied to congressmen as 
well as to executive officials or favor- 
seekers from the business world. 

Penalties are provided for failing 
to follow the prescribed publicity re- 
quirements. This would be a distinct 

improvement on the present situa- 
tion. But we also like Attorney Gen- 
eral Rogers’ plan for automatic loss 
of a case by any party seeking to 
approach commissioners outside pub- 
lic hearings. These quasi-judicial 
agencies should be as free as the 
courts from influence. 

If the exposures the subcommittee 
made in the Adams-Goldfine and 
other cases are to produce useful 
legislation Congress should give ear- 
nest attention to its proposals. They 
include other more detailed pro- 
visions, some,of them dealing with 
specific agencies. These may require 
considerable study. But it should be 
possible without prolonged debate 
to adopt the key plan of publicity. 
This alone would be a vital blow 
against influence peddling. 

Facing the Hard Choice 

How to restrain inflation without 
appearing to be callous about un- 
employment is a hard problem for 

the Federal Reserve Board. The: 

stock market gives evidence that 
there are inflationary tendencies at 
work; yet 4,700,000 unemployed speak 
eloquently a need for jobs. 

Except for this dilemma the re- 
serve banks probably would earlier 
have increased their discount rate, 
as four of them now have done. But 
with the Treasury paying more for 
money, the low fate encouraged 
banks to borrow to buy Treasury 
bills. To avoid an inflationary effect 
the Treasury borrowings should in- 
stead attract private money. 

That there should be an increase at 
all in the discount rate is displeasing 
to spokesmen for organized labor and 
to members of Congress who believe 
the government should spend more 
to promote recovery. 

Yet a 3 per cent rate still is low by 
comparison with a historical normal 
or with the more than 4 per cent rate 
which prevails in the neighboring 
economy of Canada, not to mention 
a 7 per cent rate in Britain only a 
year ago. 

The higher rate may discourage 
banks, slightly but not seriously, 
from borrowing to make _ business 
loans, which would make more em- 
ployment. Here is where the choice 
must be made between job-making 
measures directed toward the areas 
and industries where unemployment 
exists and those which blanket the 
nation with a spread of higher prices. 

Hard as the decision may be, there 
is more value in endeavoring to pin- 
point the encouragement of business 
in slack areas than in loose pallia- 
tives which make even an unemploy- 
ment dole buy less than it did before. 

Building With Language 

The grant of $14,000 by the Ford 
Foundation to launch a NATO-wide 
study of Asian and African lan- 
guages looks like one of those acorns 
from which vast oak trees grow. 

Even while the cold wat focuses on 
the geographical point at which it 
began, Berlin and Germany, the com- 
petition for the respect of the wider 
area of the world occupied by the 
“uncommitted” nations goes on. 
_ These are nations, old, new, or just 
“on the threshold of nationhood, 
which make up Asia and Africa. 

- While less violent there than in 
Europe at the moment, the Soviet 
diplomatic offensive could prove even 

- -more formidable among the neutrals 

over the long run. Its instruments in 
those regions are trade or promises 
of economic aid and displays of ap- 
preciation of local cultures. Add’ to 

this a capacity for speaking the lan-__ 
_. guages of the peoples—a capacity in 

SP teed the Western nations are rela- 

To remedy this weakness in the 
: West, Senator Jackson of Washing- 
ton. posed a program 
ude all NATO na- 

tions. He employed the regular fall 
meeting at Paris of the NATO Par- 
liamentarians’ Conference, made up 
of members of Congress and other 
parliaments, for this purpose. In urg- 
ing the study of Asian and African 
languages, Senator Jackson made the 
striking point: 

“Our Atlantic community lumbers 
along emphasizing the colonial lan- 
guages—English, French, German, 
and Dutch, How unimaginative can 
we be to try to build a community 
of interest With newly emerging na- 
tions whildé our peoples communicate 
with them mainly in the language of 
the former governing nations?” 

The fact that many Indians and 
other Asians and Africans are proud 
of their ability to speak better Eng- 
lish than do many English-speaking 
peoples themselves should not be for- 
gotten. In Africa, English is a unify- 

ing language among natives who 

would otherwise be divided by dia- 
lects. But an.effort among Americans 
and Europeans to master a dozen or 
so key Asian and African languages 

might for these very reasons be spe- 

cially productive of good feeling and 
community sense. 

\ - 

It Is Slightly Puzzling 





“_Y: ee 

tn, me ~ 

~* a _— ‘ : 

sample modern Soviet culture, 

To Each His Gift 

By Rosemary Cobham 

All my nephews and nieces are perfect. 
If they were not, I should in any case 
make them so on paper. It is one of the 

| small perquisites of being a writer. They 
| Call it poetic. license, and you are allowed 
| to do it, and nobody says “What a whop- 

per!” However, somebody did once remark 
a little bitterly that my dog is better on 

| paper than ‘in the flesh. I do not know at 
all what they meant by that. 

But I must not here go into the question 
of my dog, undoubtedly getting 
more questionable every day. Editors per- 
petually remind that one must keep to 
one’s subject, so I must keep to my 
nephews and nieces, and in. particular to 
one niece. 

This page already knows that the two 
boys are the cleverest boys in all England. 
(As I said, they are my nephews.) But 
their onslaught in the first few minutes 
of my arrival took me a little by surprise. 

“You myst speak to Elizabeth,” they 
chorused, tense with righteous indignation. 
“We’re always top of our forms, although 
we're the youngest. And now Elizabeth's 
started lessons, and there are only four 
in her class, and she was third. We're not 
stupid, so she mustn't be!” 


It seemed a little hard to me to be ad- 
judged stupid because, at the age of five, 
and after one term of lessons, one comes 
third out of four, After all, somebody had 
to be third, and there were only three 
others who could have been. I turned to 
comfort the small, straw-haired object of 
their wrath, There was no need. 

Elizabeth was standing sturdily, legs 
apart, tiny arms folded, a dazzling smile 
lighting up her seraphic .face. 

“I wasn’t third,” she declared happily, 
“I was bottom.” 

“Oh, you weren't!” cried David agonized, 
“you were third. You know you were.” 

“I was bottom,” maintained Elizabeth, 
placidly, “quite bottom.” 

She embraced us all in the friendliest, 

most expansive smile, as if inviting us to 
share the beneficence of her bottomness. 

“Gather round, boys,” I said hastily, for 
Patrick, though silent, was visibly heaving 
with an emotional ground swell. “Now 
here’s a new bit of information for you.” 

Their shaming sister temporarily for- 
gotten, ears huge with the perpetual crav- 
ing for knowledge, Patrick and David 
waited expectantly. 

“No two people in all the world are the 
same,” I began, a little pompously, “and 
that is just as well, for two of any of us 
would be too much. And everybody 
at least one special gift. You boys are very 
clever. You come top in your classes, and 

that gives you a lot of pleasure and your | 

parents a lot of pride. But Elizabeth also 
has a gift, and a very. special and valuable 
one. She has charm.” 

David rubbed his hand up the back of 

a wary dog. 
“What's charm?” he said. 

Dee ore 

I marveled at the age which can pro- 
duce children who can tell you about 
every satellite that has been put into orbit, 
but who do not know what charm is. 

“I'm not quite sure,” I replied, 
the dictionaries would say about it, but 
I think I would describe it as the art of 
sharing one’s happiness. Elizabeth has got 
it in huge bucketsful, and she will go 
through life making a great many people 
very happy. And I am not sure but that 
she will go as far with her charm as you 
boys will go with your learning.” 

Patrick gazed at me long and thought- 
fully, and then turned to regard his sister 
in a new light, David grinned a toothy 
grin. “Gosh!” he said, 

Elizabeth looked up from where she 
was squatting on the floor, unaware of her 
new status. She screwed up her nose with 
the most delicious relish, and announced 
triumphantly, as one trumping her own 
ace: “As bottom as bottom can be!” 

And we all went into lunch, 

| ludicrous. 
| extreme beauty 
| films, great strength in the presentation 
| of Russian history, and an expertness in 
r acting of some of the Russian classics that 
| gives them a new dimension. 

has | 

| me a living” was preached, 


| ure. 
| overcrowded hospitals. We are glued to TV. 
| We do not converse. We do not read. We 
| do not think. Mothers corral their children 

Our Reputation Abroad 

Mirror of World Opinion 

The drumbeating for  better-trained 
career diplomats is reaching a crescendo, 
There also is insistence that any American 
who is destined for employment in a for- 
eign land be’schooled first in the customs 
and traditions of the particular country.... 

Perhaps the most erroneous impression 
conveyed by Americans is that they are 
seeking to renovate the world in the image 
of the United States. Another pogular criti- 
cism is that Americans isolate themselves, 
refusing to learn about the country and 
the culture of its people to which they are 

The findings of two Syracuse University 
researchers — Harlan Cleveland, dean of 
the Maxwell School of Citizenship and a 
former Marshall Plan administrator. and 
Gerald J. Mangone, professor of political 
science—reveal that many Americans have 
been dispatched abroad without first hav- 
ing been properly trained. Cleveland and 
Mangone discovered—in their survey of 
240 Americans at work in Mexico, Yugo- 
slavia, Ethiopia, Iran, Japan and Indonesia 
—a few of. the reasons why Americans 
take foreign jobs. 

Civilians, for example, choose employ- 
ment abroad because: the income is higher 
which results in an opportunity to save 
twice as much; the higher income offers a 
better standard of living; and a foreign 
assignment often is a means of escape 
from relatives, wrong jobs, disillusion or 
keen competition at home. Other Ameri- 
cans, of course, are victims of the Allure 
of foreign travel, 

Shameful incidents in the past point to 

| @ greater need of understanding by for- 

eigners of the American way of life. The 
stoning in Iraq of an ‘automobile carrying 
Assistant Secretary of State William M. 
Roundtree and the disgraceful treatment 
of Vice President Richard M. Nixon in 
Peru and Venezuela are unfortunate ex- 
amples of the low esteem which many 

foreigners hold for the United States. 
Ranging from window-breaking to at- 
tempted arson were 75 attacks on Ameri- 
can libraries and U.S. information centers 
in 25 countries, to say nothing of the sack- 
ing of the U.S. embassy in Formosa. 

These incidents can easily be disposed 
of by placing the blame on Communist 
agitators. And there is no doubt but what 
many of them resulted from Kremlin- 
inspired plots. But it would, indeed, be 
illogical to attribute all of the demonstra- 
tions to communism. Part of the fault be- 
longs to the United States. 

It is time for the State Department and 

private industry to evaluate more carefully 

the qualifications of personnel who will 
hold important overseas jobs. Schooling 
before assignments should include a com- 
prehensive study of the foreign .country’s 
internal social, political and’) economic 

The pre-overseas schooling should in- 
clude the geography of the country... . 
A brief study of the country’s language 
with accent on conversational usage would 
make it possible for the transplanted 
American to better communicate with the 
native population, 

If America’s multibillion-dollar foreign 
aid program is to continue, then this gov- 
ernment should insist that all Americans 
going abroad for employment should be 
super-salesmen of good will. This can only 

be accomplished by a beforehand knowl- | 

edge of current problems in foreign lands. 
Americans away from home should aban- 
don any aura of smugness and a Parental 
than thou” attitude.... 

The fire of freedom which burns in the 
bosom of the foreigner is akin to that of 
every patriotic American. Each American 

who applies for a visa or a passport | 

should be a personal emissary of the 
American way of life.—Daily Sun (San 
Bernardino, rasp 

- | 

Curtain Going Up? 

An Intimate Message From New York 

By Mary Hornaday 

last begun to 

and to 

Americans have at 
decide what they think of it. 

One conclusion is certain—they are in- 
tensely interested. 

Take Boris Pasternak’s “Dr. Zhivago” 
which, of course, has come onto the Amer- 
ican scene without Soviet permission. 
According to Pantheon Books, Inc., 600,000 
copies have been printed to date, in addi- 
tion to 200,000 copies for the Book-of-the- 
Month-Club, and 10,000 copies of a Rus- 
sian text published by the University of 

“Dr. Zhivago” 

is still no “Gone With 

| the Wind”—Macmillan says that has sold 
| 9,000,000 copies around the world—but 
| it is going strong, very strong. 

Another peak in United States-Soviet 
cultural exchange will be reached on April 
16, when the full company of the Bolshoi 
Ballet opens at the Metropolitan Opera 
under the aegis of Sol Hurok, The impre- 

| sario is presently in Moscow making final 
| plans with the Soviets. On his return, dates 
| and cities will be announced. Unlike the 

recent visits of the Moiseyev and Beryozka, 
the Bolshoi engagement will be “strictly 
limited,” which undoubtedly will add to 
jts popularity, 

But there are troubles, too, In connec- 
exchange of 
United States and Soviet films, complaints 

tion with the forthcoming 

have been made on this side of the Atlantic 
by persons who believe that the showing 
of Communist films in the United States. 
is not in the best interests of the United 
States. President Eisenhower has praised 
the plan involving the showing of seven 
Russian films in the United States and 10 
American films in the Soviet Union, but 
some of the distributors have at least tem- 
porarily developed cold feet. 
, ee See 

Here in New York City we have had 

Soviet films all along in the Times Square 

| area and, as one who has seen a number 
| of them, I would say that the propaganda 

is easily detected and is sometimes even 
On the other hand, there is 
in many of the Soviet 

Sdviet students here last summer com- 
plained that even in colleges and univer- 

| sities they found little knowledge of any 
| Russian writers more modern than Tolstoy. 
| Presumably they were talking of conversa- 
| tions with the general run of students and 

not those studying in the mahy Slavic and 
Russian institutes attached to American 
centers of learning. At any rate, new 
Soviet titles are now beginning to make 
their appearance on the market, even in 
the absence of copyright relationships be- 
tween the United States and the Soviet 

Some publishers have begun to publish 
books of East European and Soviet origin 
without waiting for a copyright agreement. 
Publishers of technical books generally pay 
royalties into an agency here in New York 
to be held for Soviet authors. In the case 
of “Dr. Zhivago,” the royalties go to G. 
Feltrinelli, Italian publisher who is hold- 
ing them for Boris Pasternak. 

Undaunted by Adlai Stevenson’s recent 
lack of success as emissary of the Authors 
League in Moscow, a group of United 
States publishers has now been organized 
to study the problem of setting up some 
kind of a working arrangement on Soviet- 
United States copyrights. At least, the door 
on this line of cultural exchange is now 
opening, not closing. 

+ Wee ee 

One cultural field that has not yet 
opened up to any extent between Ameri- 
cans and the Soviets is art. But the Brit- 
ish have just had an exhibit imported from 
Moscow and if the criticism of the Bur- 
lington House showing by British experts 
is accepted, one may conclude’ that the 
Soviet clamps are still on this art to the 
point where exchange may be unwise. 
The judgment of the London Observer's 
Russian expert, Edward Crankshaw, was 
that the “remarkably inadequate” exhibi- 
tion made Russian art “seem-even more 
limited and inferior than it actually is.” 

James J. Rorimer, director of the Metro- 
politan Museum of Art, told the other day 
of a Russian priest visiting here who, on 
seeing contemporary American paintings 
for the first time exclaimed, “Now I 
understand that in our present unstable 
world art cannot remain stable.” 

Mr. Rorimer added: “There may be no 

time or room in sputnik and its offspring . 

for the artistry of a cave dweller at 
Altamira, but the man who is to survive 
will need the rhythm of music, and the 
poetry of sound to steady his nerves and 
give balance—sanity if you prefer—in 
his passage around the worlds and through 

Could it be that the people of the United 
States and the Soviet Union have now 
begun to help each other in this race for 

The Reader Writes 

‘lI Owe the World...’ 

Our most disturbing national waste is 
in the minds of our citizens. It is said that 

| we use no more than 15 per cent of our 
| mental capacity. 
his head, Patrick sniffed suspiciously like | 

When the doctrine that “the world owes 
the bottom 
dropped out of endeavor. Myriads started 

| collecting the debt. There was an article 
| on a college for eggheads; seems the stu- 

dents came there for study! That this is 
news is a devastating reflection on our 
schools and colleges. Many students who 
have graduated from high school can 
hardly read or write, and know practically 
nothing about mathematics, science, or 
languages,: and this at a time when our 
country may be in mortal danger. 

We were the most powerful nation in the 
world militarily, economically, and in 

| prestige. The first and third may he lost), 
| give a few years and we may lose our 

economic superiority, 

Our 15 per cent of used mental capacity 
has been too much absorbed in pushing us 
toward an ever-higher material standard 
of living. Our sights are turned on pleas- 
We have overeaten ourselves into 

in front of TV to get them out of the way. 

We did not plan this way of life; we 
slipped into it. Our politicians are not so 
sure now that our country is safe. We were 
so certain in our boasting of superiority 
that it never occurred to us that another 
country could say less and do more. When 
Russia tossed sputnik into the sky, we 
were disturbed. How quickly we dropped 
back into complacency! This was the 
warning signal, but we were not warned. 

What can we do? Dedicate ourselves to 
constructive living. Help the young folks, 
Parents and teachers must teach our youth 
that work is not only necessary but hon- 
orable: that freeddém is not theirs unless 
they work for it; that they will reap what 
they sow. Set their sights high morally. Let 
each know that the time has changed from 
“the world owes me a living” to “I owe 
the world a contribution.” 

What is ahead? Decadence? Or a nation 
aroused to moral and intelligent living, 
leading the way in turning the new dis- 
coveries into a means of giving all nations 
the right to live, and to the pursuit of 

We can do the job, but we need workers 

The time is short. 
Beaumont, Texas 

‘The Boston Trov 


We were somewhat amused to read the 
essay, “‘The Boston Trot,” in the Monitor 
for Feb. 9. Amused, because, for us, after 
six months, the charm of Boston has be- 
gun to pale. 

It is. true that the pace in Boston is 
somewhat slower than that of New York 
City. New York does move at @ breath- 
taking “clip.” 
the cities in question are nearly the same 
age, one is led to ask why the former is 
breathtaking and the latter simply slow. . 

A possible reason might be that New 
York is for the young and interested, a 

city that sets the pace for the twentieth. 

century, while Boston seems determined 
to preserve at all cost the charm and,de- 
gay of the nineteenth century. 

As trolley-car enthusiasis, we are 

wate new 
pect of publication atta are subject 

When one considers, that... 

comes communications from readers. The briefer th 
to condensation. We assume no 

thrilled to ride the fairly well preserved 
specimens of yesteryear, which regularly 
grind their way from the North Station 
to Park Street and back again. It’s almost 
impossible to ride such a car in any other 
city save in the capitals of certain unde- 
veloped nations tucked away in the more 
obscure areas of the world, 

The Chestnut Hill reservoir is, indeed, 
charming. On the other hand, there are 
the joys of New York’s Central Park, 
where it is not necessary to hike many 
miles. before coming upon one of the 
world’s greatest shopping areas. Should 
one tire before reaching one’s destination, 
there is always the zoo, or the delightful 
carousel to refresh the senses. 

When the writer of the essay has been 
here for a longer time and, assuming she 
is not of independent means, she may find 
the cost of the “Boston Trot” is more than 
even the most unreconstructed romantic 
cares to bear. Epwarp LetIvrz, 

Boston, Mass. Nem. Mc@ee 

From Another Putnam 

Your valued columns have carried re- 
cently a public letter from Carleton Put- President Eisenhower, eloquently 
pleading the cause of racial segregation 
in the South, ‘ 

Carleton Putnam is billed in this widely 
printed advertisement as “a member of 
the famous New England Putnam family.” 
This is undoubtedly so, because the roots 
are deep and the branches are many, 

But I hope your readers who believe 
in equal opportunity for all and the pro- 
tection of the fundamental liberties of 
every citizen will not be misled, 

Mr. Carleton Putnam is not the spokes- 
man for “the famous New England Put- 
nam family.” — HarRoLtp PUTNAM 

(Assistant Attorney General, Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts, 1958, 13th gen- 
eration descendant of John Putnam, who 
arrived at Salem, Mass., in 1640.) 

Needham, Mass. 

Bird Flight Courses 


Being a bird fancier with an especial 
interest in the problems of birds’ direction 
finding, I was most interested in Albert 
Norman’s delightful article, “What Is That 
Bird?” on The Home Forum page Feb. 9, 

It is most certainly true that most of 
the. story of how migratory birds shake 
their way over long distances is unknown 
(though probably not unknowable). On 
the other hand, it is interesting to note 
that recent ornithological work has re- 
vealed some remarkable facts about birds’ 
ability to find direction. 

For instance, Prof. G. V. T. Matthews, 
in Britain, has given at least a partial 
answer to Mr. Norman’s query, 
the homing instinct?” by showing that 
pigeons use the sun’s position in directing 
their homeward flights. 

More recently, Prof, E. G. F. Sauer, at 
Freiburg, has conducted a series of ex- 

periments giving evidence that at least | 

some birds have a well-developed ability 
Ao... choose..proper. flight courses through 
celestial observation. The August, 1958, 
issue of Scientific American has a fasci- 

“What is. 

nating account of Dr, Sauer’s research on 

this. subject. 
Agreed, birds may not be capable of 
aliowing for wind drift, but I, for one, am 
unwilling to rule out their having the abil- 
ity to “navigate,” in a very precise mean- 
ing of thatterm.* Ricnarp R, Wason 
St. Louis, Mo,. : 

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b for statements te letters: 



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